Version 27.7.2017

 

Rhode Island:

 

 

a. allgemeines:

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Barker, Harold R. History of the Rhode Island Combat Units in the Civil War (1861-1865) (Published by the author, 1964).

- **Dyer, Elisha: Adjutant General Report of Rhode Island 1861-1865 (Providence, RI: Providence Press Company, 1893

 

 

 

b. Infantry:

 

1st Regiment Rhode Island Infantry (3 months, 1861):

s. Col Ambrose E. *Burnside

 

Overview:

Organized in Rhode Island, April, 1861. Moved to Washington, D. C., April 20 and 24, 1861. Duty at Camp Sprague, Defences of Washington, till July 16. Attached to Burnside's Brigade, Hunter's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, June-July. Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21. Battle of Bull Run July 21. Left Washington for home July 25. Mustered out August 2, 1861.

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History, Vol. 1: Fort Sumter to Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 173 (Offiziere der 1st Rhode Island zusammen mit Brigadekommandeur Ambrose A. Burnside 1861)

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, a.a.O., S. 144

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History, Vol. 1: Fort Sumter to Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 174 (Soldaten der 1st Rghode Island Infantry in Camp Sprague bei Washington im Sommer 1861)

 

Literatur:

- Woodbury, Augustus: A Narrative of the Campaign of the First Rhode Island, in the Spring and Summer of 1861 (Providence, R. I.: Sidney S. Rider, 1862)

 

 

2nd Regiment Rhode Island Infantry:

s. Col John S. *Slocum; Captain Cyrus *Dyer; Captain William Henry Peck *Steere; Lt. Thomas H. Carr; 2nd Lt William *Ames; Private Elisha Hunt *Rhodes

 

Overview:

Organized at Providence June, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., June 19. Attached to Burnside's Brigade, Hunter's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Couch's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Couch's Bri­gade, Buell's Division, Army Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to October, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps, to March, 1864. 4th Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, to July, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac and Army Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to December, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

At Camp Sprague, Washington, D. C., till July 16, 1861. Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21. Battle of Bull Run July 21. At Camp Sprague and Brightwood, Defences of Washington, till March, 1862. March to Prospect Hill, Va., March 11-15. Embarked at Alexan­dria, Va., for the Peninsula March 26. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Slatersville, New Kent C. H., May 9. Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Oak Grove near Seven Pines June 25. James River Road near Fair Oaks June 29. White Oak Swamp June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till Au­gust 15. Reconnoissance to Turkey Island August 5-6, and to Haxall's Landing August 8-11. Movement to Alexandria August 15-Sep­tember 1, thence march into Maryland September 3-18. At Downsville September 23-October 20. Movement to Stafford C. H., Va., October 20-November 18, and to Belle Plains December 5. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations about Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4. Deep Run Ravine or Franklin's Crossing June 5-13. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-4. Funkstown, Md., July 10-13. At Warrenton, Va., till September. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Brandy Station till May, 1864. Rapidan Campaign May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsyl­vania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Old members left front for muster out June 11. Mustered out June 17, 1864. Before Petersburg June 17-18. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Siege of Petersburg till July 9. Moved to Washington, D. C., July 9-11. Re­pulse of Early's attack on Washington July 11-12. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to December. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Garrison duty at Winchester September 22-December 1. Moved to Petersburg, Va., December 2-6. Siege of Petersburg December, 1864, to April, 1865. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Fort Fisher, Petersburg, March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Expedition to Danville April 23-27. Moved to Washington via Richmond May 20-June 7. Corps Review June 8. Mustered out July 13, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 111 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 74 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 196.

 

Photo:

Milhollen u.a.: Divided we Fought, a.a.O. S.32

 

Literatur:

- Rhodes, Elisha Hunt: All for the Union. The Civil War Diary and Letters of Elisha Hunt Rhodes (Taschenbuchausgabe New York 1992); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik93

- Stone, Edwin W.: Rhode Island in the Rebellion (Providence: George H. Whitney, 1864)

- Woodbury, Augustus: The Second Rhode Island Regiment: a Narrative of Military Operations in Which the Regiment Was Engaged From the Beginning to the End of the War for the Union (Providence: Valpey, Angell & Co., 1875)

 

 

3rd Regiment Rhode Island Infantry:

 

The 3rd Rhode Island Infantry was organized at Providence, Rhode Island, in August 1861. The regiment left Rhode Island for Fort Hamilton, New York Harbor, September 7, 1861, then moved to Washington, D.C., September 14–16, returning to Fort Hamilton September 22. Moved to Fort Monroe, Virginia, October 12–14. It was attached to Sherman's South Carolina Expeditionary Corps. Participated in the expedition to Port Royal, South Carolina, October 28-November 7. Capture of Fort Walker and Fort Beauregard, Port Royal Harbor, November 7.

 

The 3rd Rhode Island Infantry ceased to exist on December 19, 1861, when it was changed to 3rd Rhode Island Heavy Artillery.

 

 

4th Regiment Rhode Island Infantry:

s. George H. *Allen

 

Overview:

Organized at Providence, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., October 2. At Camp Casey till November 28, and at Camp Califor­nia till December 14. Mustered in October 30, 1861. Attached to Casey's Provisional Division, Army Potomac, October-November, 1861. Howard's Brigade, Sumner's Division, Army of the Potomac, to December, 1861. Parke's 3rd Brigade, Burnside's Expeditiona­ry Corps, to April, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Dept. of North Carolina, to July, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to January, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps, to April, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Getty's Division, at Portsmouth, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to January, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Heckman's Division, Portsmouth, Va., to March, 1864. Norfolk, Va., to April, 1864. District of St. Ma­ry's Point, Lookout, Md., to July, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to October, 1864.

 

Service:

At Edsall's Hill, Defences of Washington, D. C., December 14, 1861, to January 3, 1862. Moved to Annapolis, Md., January 3, 1862. Burnside's Expedition to Hatteras Inlet and Roanoke Island, N. C., January 7-February 8, 1862. Battle of Roanoke Island February 9. Duty at Roanoke Island till March 11. Advance on New Berne March 11-13. Battle of New Berne March 14. Siege of Fort Macon March 23-April 26. Bombardment and capture of Fort Macon April 25-26. Duty at Beaufort and New Berne till July. Moved to New­port News, Va., July 6-8, thence to Fredericksburg August 3-6, and duty there till August 31. Moved to Brook's Station, thence to Wa­shington, D. C., August 31-September 3. Maryland Campaign September-October. Battles of South Mountain September 14, and Antietam September 16-17. Duty in Pleasant Valley, Md., till October 30. Advance to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Batt­le of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Moved to Newport News, Va., February 8, thence to Suffolk March 13. Siege of Suffolk April 12-May 4. Nansemond River May 4. Reconnoissance to the Chickahominy June 9-13. Dix's Peninsula Campaign June 24-July 8. Expedition from White House to South Anna River July 1-7. Duty at Portsmouth till March l, 1864, and at Norfolk till April 1. At Point Lookout, Md., guarding prisoners till July. Ordered to Petersburg, Va., July 16. Siege of Pe­tersburg July to October. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Old members mustered out October 15, 1864. Veterans and Recruits consolidated with 7th Rhode Island Infantry.


Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 68 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 67 Enlisted men by disease. Total 140.

 

Literatur:

- Allen, George H.: Forty-Six Month with the Forth Rhode Island Volunteers (Prividence, R.I.: J. A. and R. A. Reid, 1887)

- Spooner, Henry J.: "The Maryland Campaign with the Forth Rhode Island," Personal Narratives of the Events of the War of the Re­bellion (Rhode Island Soldiers and Sailors Historical Society, Sixth Series, no. 5, Providence, 1903)

 

 

5th Regiment Rhode Island Infantry:
 

Overview:

Organized at Providence as a Battalion of 5 Companies and mustered in December 16, 1861. (5 new Cos. organized December 27. 1862.) Moved to Annapolis, Md., December 27-29, 1861. Attached to Parke's 3rd Brigade, Burnside's Expeditionary Corps, to April, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Dept. of North Carolina, to July, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. North Carolina, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to May, 1863. Lee's Brigade, Defences of New Berne, N. C., Dept. North Carolina, to July, 1863.

 

Service:

Burnside's Expedition to Hatteras Inlet and Roancke Island, N, C., January 7-February 8, 1862. Battle of Roanoke Island February 9. At Roanoke Island till March 11. Expedition up Currituck Sound February 19. Advance to New Berne March 11-13. Battle of New Berne March 14. Operations against Fort Macon March 19-April 26. Moved to Havelock Station, Atlantic & North Carolina Railroad, March 19-20. Companies "A," "B" and "C" to Newport Barracks March 23, thence Battalion moved to Carolina City April 4. At Bogue Banks April 6-30. Camden, South Mills, April 19. At Fort Macon April 30-June 30. At Beaufort, N. C., till August 7, and at New Berne till December. Expedition to Tarboro November 2-12. Rawle's Mills November 2. Demonstration on New Berne November 11. Foster's Expedition to Goldsboro December 11-20. Kinston December 14. Whitehall December 16. Goldsboro Bridge December 17. Duty at New Berne till May, 1863. Expedition to relief of Little Washington April 7-10. Duty in the Defences of New Berne till July. Designation of Regiment changed to 5th Rhode Island Heavy Artillery July, 1863. (See 5th Heavy Artillery.)

 

 

6th Regiment Rhode Island Infantry:

failed to complete Organization

 

 

7th Regiment Rhode Island Infantry:

s. Pvt. John Kelly (Co. B); Pvt. Michael R. Kelly (Co. K); Pvt George *Spencer

 

Overview:

Organized at Providence May to September, 1862. Moved to Washington, D. C., September 10-12, 1862. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Casey's Division, Military District of Washington, to October, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to April, 1863; Dept. Ohio to June, 1863, and Army Tennessee to September, 1863. District of North Central Kentucky, 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, Dept. Ohio, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Camp at Capital Hill, Defences of Washington, D. C., till September 16, 1862, and at Arlington Heights. Va., till October 1. Moved to Sandy Hook, Md., October 1. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 27-November 19. Warrenton, Sulphur Springs, November 15. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Moved to Newport News February 9, thence to Le­xington, Ky., March 25-31. Moved to Winchester, thence to Richmond, Ky., April 18. To Paint Creek May 3, and to Lancaster May 10. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., June 4-14. Siege of Vicksburg June 15-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Siege of Jack­son July 10-17. At Milldale till August 8. Moved to Nicholasville, Ky., August 8-18, thence to Lexington September 7, and provost duty there till April, 1864. Moved to Virginia April 2-23. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Battles of the Wilder­ness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21; Stannard's Mill May 21; North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run , October 27-28. Garrison of Fort Sedg­wick November 1, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Fort Stedman March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee to Farmville April 3-9. Moved to Petersburg and City Point, thence to Washington, D. C., April 20-28. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 9, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 85 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 108 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 199.

 

Literatur:

- Spencer, George: Correspondence 1862-64. Soldier in the 7th Rhode Island Infantry. Three letters from Maryland, Rhode Island, and Kentucky, to his mother in Indian Orchard, Massachusetts. Writes that he will send money home, and asks her to buy him a Smith and Wesson Seven Shooter (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide - Manuscript Sources for Ci­vil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries. Ms89-100).

 

 

8th Regiment Rhode Island Infantry:

failed to complete organization

 

 

9th Regiment Rhode Island Infantry:

s. Pvt A. J. *Adams (Co. I)

 

Overview:

Organized at Providence May 26, 1862. Moved to Washington, D. C., by Detachments, May 27 and 29. Duty at Camp Frieze, Tennallytown, till July. Moved to Fairfax Seminary, Va., July 1. Garrison duty in the Defences of Washington till September. Company "A" at Fort Greble, "B" at Fort Meigs, "C" at Fort Ricketts, "D" at Fort Snyder, "E" and "K" at Fort Baker, "F" at Fort Carroll, "G" at Fort Dupont, "H" at Fort Wagner, "I" at Fort Stanton and "L" at Fort Davis. Mustered out September 2, 1862.


Regiment lost 4 by disease.

 

 

10th Regiment Rhode Island Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Providence May 26, 1862. Moved to Washington, D. C., May 27-29. Attached to Sturgis' Command, Military District of Washington. Duty at Camp Frieze, Tennallytown, till June 26. Assigned to garrison duty in the Defences of Washington. Company "A" at Fort Franklin, "B" and "K" at Fort Pennsylvania, "C" at Fort Cameron, "D" at Fort DeRussy. "E" and "I" at Fort Alexander, "F" at Fort Ripley, "G" at Fort Gaines, "H" at Battery Vermond and Battery Martin Scott and "L" near Fort Pennsylvania. Left for home August 25. Mustered out September 1, 1862.


Regiment lost 3 by disease.

 

 

11th Regiment Rhode Island Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Providence and mustered in October 1, 1862. Left State for Washington, D. C., October 6. Attached to Military District of Washington to December, 1862. District of Alexandria, Defences of Washington, and 22nd Army Corps, to April, 1863. 1st Briga­de, 1st Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to July, 1863.

 

Service:

Duty at East Capital Hill, Fort Ethan Allen and Miner's Hill, Defences of Washington, till January 14, 1863. Guard duty at Convale­scent Camp till April 15. Moved to Norfolk, thence to Suffolk April 15-19. Siege of Suffolk April 19-May 4. Siege of Suffolk raised May 4. Expedition to destroy Norfolk & Petersburg Railroad and Seaboard & Roanoke Railroad May 16-27. Expedition to Blackwa­ter June 12-18. Moved to Norfolk June 19, thence to Yorktown, and to Williamsburg June 22. Duty at Williamsburg till June 30. Left Yorktown for home July 2. Mustered out July 13, 1863.


Regiment lost 8 by disease.

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol II, a.a.O., S. 108

 

 

12th Regiment Rhode Island Infantry:

s. Joseph E. *Grant;

 

Overview:

Organized at Providence and mustered in for nine months October 18, 1862. Left State for Washington, D. C., October 21. Attached to 1st Brigade, Casey's Division, Military District of Washington, to December, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Dept. Ohio, to May, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, Dept. Ohio, to July, 1863.

 

Service:

Camp at Arlington Heights and at Fairfax Seminary, Va., Defences of Washington, D. C., till December 1, 1862. March to Falmouth, Va., December 1-8. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Burnside's second Campaign, "Mud March," January 20-24, 1863. Moved to Newport News, Va., February 9, thence to Lexington, Ky., March 25-31. Duty at Lexington, Winchester, Boonsboro, Richmond, Paint Lick and Lancaster, Ky., till April 23. Moved to Crab Orchard April 23, and duty there till June 3. March from Ni­cholasville to Somerset June 3-9. Duty at Stigall's Ferry, Jamestown and guarding fords of the Cumberland River till July 5. Moved to Somerset July 5, thence to Crab Orchard, and started home July 11. Duty at Cincinnati, Ohio, July 15-19. Moved to Providence July 19-22. Mustered out July 29, 1863.


Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 11 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 45 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 59.

 

Literatur:

- Grant, Joseph E.: The Flying Regiment: Journal of the Campaign of the 12th Regt. Rhode Island Volunteers (Providence, R.I.: Sid­ney S. Rider and Brothers, 1865)

 

 

Hospital Guards Rhode Island Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Portsmouth Grove December 6, 1862. Mustered out August 26, 1865.

 

 

 

 

 

c. Cavalry:

 

1st Regiment Rhode Island Cavalry:

s. Col Alfred Nattie *Duffie; 1stLt Jacob B. *Cooke (Co. H&C); Chaplain Frederick *Denison (Co. F&S); Pvt Alfred G. (George A.) *Sargent (Co. L&H)

 

Overview:

Organized at Pawtucket as 1st New England Cavalry, afterwards designated 1st Rhode Island Cavalry, December 14, 1861, to March 3, 1862. Left State for Washington, D. C., March 12 and 14, 1862. Attached to Stoneman's Cavalry Command, Army of the Potomac, March, 1862. Hatch's Cavalry Brigade, Banks' 5th Corps, and Dept. of the Shenandoah, to May, 1862. Shields' Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock (3rd Battalion); Geary's Command, Dept. of the Rappahannock (1st Battalion), to June, 1862. Bayard's Cavalry Brigade, 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Stoneman's Corps of Observation to December, 1862. Averill's Cavalry Brigade, Centre Grand Division, Army of the Potomac, to February, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to January, 1864. Cavalry Brigade, Camp Stoneman, 22nd Army Corps, to May, 1864. Abercrombie's Command, Belle Plains, Va., to June, 1864. Reserve Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to August, 1864. Headquarters Cavalry Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to October, 1864. 3rd (Reserve) Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Shenandoah, to March, 1865. Cavalry Brigade, Army Shenandoah, to June, 1865. Middle Dept. to August, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till April, 1862. Moved to Warrenton Junction, Va., April 4. Reconnoissance to Rappahannock River April 16 (3rd Battalion). Warrenton Junction April 16. Reconnoissance to Liberty Church April 16. Occupation of Mt. Jackson April 17 (4 Cos.). Reconnoissance to Rappahannock Crossing April 18 (4 Cos.). Advance to Front Royal May 29. Front Royal May 30 (3rd Battalion). Strasburg June 1. Columbia Bridge April 2. Edenburg June 3. Miller's Bridge June 4. New Market June 5. Harrisonburg June 6. Cross Keys June 8. Port Republic and Mountain Road June 9. Scouting on the Rappahannock till August. Reconnoissance to James City July 22-24. Rapidan River August 3-4. Slaughter River August 7. Robinson's River August 8. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Stevensburg, Raccoon Ford and Brandy Station August 20. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21-23. Catlett's Station August 22. Rappahannock Station August 23. New Baltimore August 27. Gainesville August 28. Bull Run August 30. Centreville, Chantilly and Germantown August 31. Chantilly September 1. White's Ford September 15 and October 12. Advance to Falmouth, Va., October 27. Mountsville October 31 (Cos. "K," "L" and "M"). Hazel Run November 16. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15 (Cos. "K" and "M"). Expedition to Richards and Ellis Fords December 29-30. Hartwood Church February 25, 1863. Kelly's Ford March 17. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 8. Stoneman's Raid April 29-May 8. Kelly's Ford April 29. Rapidan Station May 1. Ellis Ford May 4. Stevensburg, Beverly Ford and Brandy Station June 9. Near Middleburg and Thoroughfare Gap June 17. Aldie June 18 and 27. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Scouting and outpost duty on Upper Potomac till September. Advance from Rapidan to the Rappahannock September 13-17. Culpeper Court House September 13. Rapidan Station September 15. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Near Warrenton October 12. White Sulphur Springs, Culpeper, October 12-18. Auburn and Bristoe Station October 14. Brentsville October 14. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. New Hope Church November 27. Duty in the Defences of Washington till May, 1864. (3rd Battalion transferred to 1st New Hampshire Cavalry January 5, 1864.) Regiment reported to Gen. Abercrombie at Belle Plain, Va., May 14. Picket duty at Port Conway and Port Royal May 24-30. Bowling Green May 29. Demonstration north of the James July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Malvern Hill July 28. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Shepherdstown August 25-26. Kearneysville August 25. Smithfield August 29. Battle of Opequon, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill and Milford September 21-22. Brown's Gap September 24. Waynesboro September 29. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Raid to Gordonsville December 8-28. Jack's Shop, near Gordonsville, December 23. Consolidated to a Battalion of 4 Companies January 1, 1865. Sheridan's Raid from Winchester February 27-March 3. Waynesboro March 2. Guard prisoners from Waynesboro to Winchester March 3-8. Duty in the Shenandoah Valley till June 22. At Monrovia Station and Relay House, Md., till August. Mustered out at Baltimore, Md., August 3, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 16 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 77 Enlisted men by disease. Total 96.

 

Regimentskommandeur Alfred Nattie *Duffie (vgl. Krick, Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 53); im Juli / August 1862 in Pope's neuaufge­stellter Army of Virginia, Cavalry of McDowell's Corps unter dem Kommando von George D. *Bayard; Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 53-54, 59-60, 367, 376)

 

Literatur:

- **Bliss, George N.: Reminiscenses of Service in the First Rhode Island Cavalry (Providence, R. I., 1878)

- **Denison, Frederick: Sabres and Spurs: The First Regiment Rhode Island Cavalry in the Civil war (Central Falls, R. I., 1876)

- **Denison, Frederick: The Battle of Cedar Mountain (Providence, R. I., 1881)

 

 

2nd Regiment, Rhode Island Cavalry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Providence November 21, 1862. Ordered to New Orleans, La., and duty there till March, 1863. Attached to 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to July, 1863. Cavalry Brigade, 19th Army Corps, to August, 1863.

 

Service:

Moved to Baton Rouge, La., March 6-7, 1863. Operations against Port Hudson March 7-27. Moved to Algiers, thence to Berwick April 1-9. Operations in Western Louisiana April 9-May 14. Teche Campaign April 11-20. Franklin April 14. Near Washington May 1. Expedition from Opelousas to Alexandria and Simsport May 5-18. Operations about Monett's Plantation and on Bayou Sara Road May 18-19. Moved to Bayou Sara, thence to Port Hudson May 22-25. Siege of Port Hudson May 25-July 9. Jackson Cross Roads June 20. Springfield Landing July 2. Surrender of Port Hudson July 9. Consolidated to a Battalion of 4 Companies August 24, 1863, and transferred to 1st Louisiana Cavalry August 24, 1863. Camp Hubbard, Thibodeaux, August 29-30. Again transferred to 3rd Rhode Island Cavalry January 14, 1864.


Regiment lost during service 4 Enlisted men killed and 31 by disease. Total 35.

 

 

3rd Regiment, Rhode Island Cavalry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Providence September 12, 1863. 1st Battalion moved to New Orleans, La., December 31, 1863, to January 14, 1864. Attached to Defences of New Orleans, Dept. Gulf, to March, 1864. 5th Brigade, Cavalry Division, Dept. of the Gulf, to June, 1864. Defences of New Orleans, La., to October, 1864. District of LaFourche, Dept. Gulf, to November, 1865.

 

Service:

Red River Campaign March 10-May 22, 1864. Advance to Alexandria March 14-26. Monett's Ferry and Cloutiersville March 29-30. Natchitoches March 31. Campti April 4. Sabine Cross Roads April 8. Pleasant Hill April 9. Natchitoches April 19. (Cos. "E," "F" and "L" moved to join Regiment at Alexandria April 20-22.) Action at Tunica Bend April 21. About Cloutiersville April 22-24. Monett's Ferry or Cane River Crossing April 23. Gov. Moore's Plantation May 1-2. Alexandria May 11-12. Retreat from Alexandria to Morganza May 13-20. Natchitoches May 14. Mansura May 16. Near Moreauville May 17. Yellow Bayou May 18. Near Morganza May 24. Reached Fort Banks, opposite New Orleans, June 2. Companies "G" and "H" reported at New Orleans May 8 and joined Regiment at Greenville June 10. Regiment dismounted June 22, and duty as Infantry in the Defences of New Orleans till September. Remounted September 20. Assigned to duty in the District of LaFourche at Donaldsonville, Napoleonville, Thibodeaux, Camp Parapet, Plaquemine, Houma, Hermitage Plantation and other points in Louisiana, scouting and patrol duty and operating against guerrillas. till November, 1865. Action at Napoleonville November 1, 1864, and at Doyall's Plantation November 29, 1864 (Detachment). Expedition from Brashear City to Whiskey Bayou January 16-18, 1865 (Cos. "B," "I" and "K"). Expedition from Napoleonville to Grand River January 18-19 (Detachment). Scout from Donaldsonville January 19-20 (Detachment). Skirmish, Thompson's Plantation, January 23. Scouts from Bayou Goula to Grand River January 29-February 7. Skirmish, Richland Plantation, January 30. Expedition from Thibodeaux to Lake Verret and Bayou Planton January 30-31 (Co. "H"). Near Lake Verret January 30. Skirmish, Kittredge's Sugar House, near Napoleon, February 10. Expedition from Donaldsonville to Grand Bayou and Bayou Goula February 14-18. Skirmish, Martin's Lane, February 15 (Cos. "D," "F" and "K"). Expedition from Plaquemine to the Park February 17-22 (Detachment). Expedition from the Hermitage to the French Settlement April 2-5 (Detachment). Expedition to Lake Verret, Grand Bayou, etc., April 2-10. Expedition from Terre Bonne to Pelton's Plantation and Grand Caillou April 19-25 (Co. "M"). Operations about Brashear City April 30-May 12. Bayou Goula May 9. Expedition from Bayou Boeuf to Bayou de Large May 25-27. Affair, Bayou de Large, May 27. Mustered out November 29, 1865.


Lost during service 8 Enlisted men killed and 4 Officers and 135 Enlisted men by disease. Total 147.

 

 

7th Squadron, Rhode Island Cavalry (3 months, 1862):

 

Overview:

Organized at Providence and mustered in for three months June 24, 1862. Moved to Washington, D. C., June 28-30. Attached to Military District of Washington, Wadsworth's Command, to July, 1862. Sturgis' Command, Military District of Washington, to August, 1862. Winchester, Va., to September, 1862. Miles' Command, Harper's Ferry, W. Va., September, 1862.

 

Service:

Duty at Camp Clark and Camp Sprague, Defences of Washington, till July 25, 1862. Moved to Alexandria, Va., July 25, thence to Winchester, Va., August 1. Duty at Camp Sigel, Winchester, till September 3. Retreat to Newtown and Middleburg, thence to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., September 3-4. Maryland Heights September 12-13. Defence of Harpers Ferry September 13-15. Escaped through enemy's lines September 15 and participated in the capture of 100 wagons of Longstreet's train September 16. Mustered out September 26, 1862, expiration of term.

 

Das Regiment nahm am 14./15.9.1862 an der Harper‘s Ferry Expedition und den Cavalry Kämpfen zwischen Cole's Cavalry (1st Ma­ryland), 12th Virginia Cavalry, Loudoun Rangers, 7th Rhode Island Cavalry, 12th Illinois Cavalry, 8th New York Cavalry.

 

Literatur:

- Tischler, Allan L: The History of the Harper‘s Ferry Expedition, September 14 & 15, 1862 (Five Cedars Press, 1993); 345pp; Map­ped Endpapers; Photos; Fold-Out Maps; Index; Biblio; Notes; Appendices. Detail of cavalry actions at Harpers Ferry between Cole's Cavalry (1st Maryland), 12th Virginia Cavalry, Loudoun Rangers, 7th Rhode Island Cavalry, 12th Illinois Cavalry, 8th New York Cavalry

 

 

d. Artillery:

 

1st Regiment Rhode Island Light Artillery:

s. Captain George E. *Randolph /Co. ACE)

 

 

Battery A:

s. Captain Lyman G. *Dwight; Pvt Thomas M. *Aldrich (Battery A)

 

Battery A:

Organized at Providence and mustered in June 6, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., June 19. Attached to Burnside's Brigade, Hunter's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Dept. of the Shenandoah to October, 1861. Banks' Divi­sion, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 2nd Army Corps, Army Potomac, to September, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till July 16, 1861. Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21. Battle of Bull Run July 21. Moved to Sandy Hook, Md., July 28. Duty there and at Berlin and Darnestown till September. Moved to Harper's Ferry September 16. Action at Bolivar Heights October 16. At Muddy Branch and Poolesville, Md., till March, 1862. Moved to Washington, thence to Hampton, Va., March 22-April 1. Virginia Peninsula Campaign April to August. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Fair Oaks (Seven Pines) May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Peach Orchard and Savage Station June 29. Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till August 16. Movement to Alexandria August 16-28. March to Fairfax C. H. August 28-31. Cover retreat of Pope's Army from Bull Run to Washington August 31-Septem­ber 1. Maryland Campaign September. Battles of South Mountain, Md., September 14, and Antietam September 16-17. Moved to Harper's Ferry September 22, and duty there till October 30. Reconnoissance to Charlestown October 16-17. Action at Charlestown October 16. Advance up Loudoun Valley and movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 17. Battle of Fredericksburg De­cember 11-15. Duty at Falmouth till April, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-4. Advance from the Rappahan­nock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Bristoe Station October 14. Auburn Heights October 14. Ad­vance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Stevensburg, Va., till May, 1864. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7. Morton's Ford February 6-7. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Po River May 10; Spotsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Shallow Creek May 31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Non-Veterans mustered out June 18, 1864. Siege of Petersburg June 16-September 30. Jerusalem Plank Road June 21-23. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (Reserve). Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18. Ream's Station August 25. Transferred to Battery "B," 1st Rhode Island Artillery, September 30, 1864.


Battery lost during service 1 Officer and 12 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 5 Enlisted men by disease. Total 18.

 

Literatur:

- Aldrich, Thomas M.: History of Battery A, First Regiment Rhode Island Light Artillery in the War to Preserve the Union, 1681-1865 (Providence, R.I.: Snow Farnham, 1904)

- Dwight, Lyman G. (1841-75): Correspondence, 1861-63. Sergeant, then Captain, in the Battery A, 1st Rhode Island Artillery. Three letters written from camps in Maryland and Virginia to "Saint Helena," or Sarah Helen Whitman of Providence, Rhode Island. Writes that the autumnal coloring in the South is very disappointing compared to that in the North and that he was in command of the battery while the captain was in Providence (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide, Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries. Ms89-101).

 

 

Battery B:

Organized at Providence and mustered in August 13, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., August 23. Attached to Stone's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Artillery, Stone's (Sedgwick's) Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 2nd Army Corps, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Camp Stone and along Upper Potomac till February, 1862. Operations on the Potomac October 21-24, 1861. Battle of Ball's Bluff October 21. March to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., February 25-26, 1862, and duty there till March 7. Moved to Charlestown, thence to Berryville March 7-10. Advance toward Winchester March 13-14. Return to Harper's Ferry, thence moved to Washington, D. C., and Hampton, Va., March 22-April 1. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Fair Oaks (Seven Pines) May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Peach Orchard and Savage Station June 29. Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till August 16. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Alexandria and Fairfax C. H. Au­gust 16-31. Cover retreat of Pope's Army from Bull Run to Washington August 31-September 2. Maryland Campaign September. Battles of South Mountain September 14, and Antietam September 16-17. Moved to Harper's Ferry September 22, and duty there till October 30. Reconnoissance to Charlestown October 16-17. Advance up Loudoun Valley and movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 17. Battle of Fredericksburg December 11-15. Duty at Falmouth till April 27, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Church May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-4. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Auburn and Bristoe October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-De­cember 2. At Stevensburg, Va., till May, 1864. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spotsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Pe­tersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18. Ream's Station August 25. Hatcher's Run October 27-28. Hatcher's Run Fe­bruary 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Sailor's Creek April 6. High Bridge and Farm­ville April 7. Appomattox C. H. April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Moved to Washington, D. C., May 2-15. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 13, 1865.


Battery lost during service 1 Officer and 13 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 15 Enlisted men by disease. Total 29.

 

Literatur:

- Rhodes, John H.: The History of Battery ‘B’, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery (Butternut and Blue); 450pp, Photos, Illustrations, Maps, Roster, New Introduction. Originally published in 1894 - Battery "B" served in the 2nd Corps. This outfit saw its first action at Balls Bluff. It accompanied the Union army to the Peninsula and was engaged at Fair Oaks, Savage Station, Glendale and Malvern Hill. Next the battery fought at Antietam and Fredericksburg where it followed the infantry in close support in front of Marye's Heights. At Gettysburg, the battery was part of the artillery that held Cemetery Hill. After Gettysburg, the battery served with dist­inction at Mine Run, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor and Petersburg.

 

 

Battery C:

Organized at Providence and mustered in August 25, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., August 31. Attached to Porter's Divisi­on, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to May. 1863. 3rd Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army Potomac, to June, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to August, 1864, and Army Shenandoah to November, 1864. Camp Barry, 22nd Corps, Dept. Washington, to December, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty at Camp Sprague, Defences of Washington, till October, 1861, and at Hall's and Munson's Hills till March, 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-16. Moved to Alexandria, thence to Fortress Monroe, Va., March 16-23. Action at Howard's Bridge April 4. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Hanover Courthouse May 27. Operations about Hanover C. H. May 27-29. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battles of Mechanicsville June 26; Gaines' Mill June 27; Turkey Bridge and Malvern Cliff June 30; Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till August 16. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Cent­reville August 16-28. Battle of Bull Run August 30. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Shepherdstown September 19. At Sharpsburg till October 30. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth, Va., till April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancel­lorsville May 1-5. Operations at Franklin's Crossing June 5-13. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-4. At Warrenton Va., till Sep­tember 15. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Brandy Station till May, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spotsylvania C. H. May 12-21; North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Peters­burg June 16-July 9. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Moved to Washington. D.C., June 9-11. Repulse of Early's attack on Washington July 11-12. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to November. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Winchester and Kernstown till November, and at Camp Barry, Defences of Washington, till December. Consolidated with Battery "G," 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, December 23, 1864.


Battery lost during service 19 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 8 Enlisted men by disease. Total 27.

 

 

Battery D:

= *Monroe's Rhode Island Battery (vgl. Monroe's Report OR 12 [2] S. 126)

 

Organized at Providence and mustered in September 4, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., September 14. Attached to McDo­well's Division. Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army Potomac, to April, 1862. Artil­lery, 3rd Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of Virginia, to Septem­ber, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army Potomac, to October, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to March, 1863. Artillery, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Dept. of Ohio, to June, 1863. Unassigned, 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, Dept. Ohio, to August, 1863. Artillery Reserve, 23rd Army Corps, Dept. Ohio, to October, 1863. Artillery, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Dept. of Ohio, to April, 1s64. Reserve Artillery, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, Has­kins' Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington, to August, 1864. Reserve Artillery, 19th Army Corps, Army Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to December, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 19th Army Corps, Army Shenandoah, to March, 1865. Artillery Re­serve, Army Shenandoah, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Upton's Hill, Va., Defences of Washington, till March 9, 1862. March to Fairfax C. H. March 9-16, thence to Bristoe March 29, thence to Falmouth. Duty at Falmouth and Fredericksburg till June. McDowell's advance on Richmond May 25-29. Pursuit of Jackson June 2-11. Reconnoissance to Orange C. H. July 24-27. Expedition to Virginia Central Railroad August 5-8. Action at Thorn­burg's Mill or Massaponax Church August 5-6. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Battles of Gainesville August 28; Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30; Chantilly September 1; Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Movement to Fal­mouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Fal­mouth till February 19. Moved to Newport News February 19, thence to Covington, Ky., March 19-29, and to Lexington, Ky. Moved to Camp Nelson, Ky., May 8, and to Cincinnati, Ohio, July 12. To Camp Nelson August 15. Burnside's Campaign in East Tennessee August 16-October 17. March over Cumberland Mountains to Loudon, Tenn., August 16-September 4. March to Blue Springs Octo­ber 7-10. Action at Blue Springs October 10. March to Knoxville, Tenn., October 13-17, thence to Loudon October 20-22, and to Le­noir Station October 28. Knoxville Campaign November 4-December 23. Campbell's Station November 16. Siege of Knoxville No­vember 17-December 4. Repulse of Longstreet's assault on Fort Saunders November 29. Pursuit to Rutledge December 5-14. Opera­tions in East Tennessee till March 20, 1864. Veterans on furlough February and March. Movement to Washington, D. C., March 20-April 7. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Garrison duty at Fort Lincoln, Defences of Washington, D. C., till July. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to December. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, Sep­tember 19. Strasburg September 21. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty in the Shenandoah Valley to July, 1865. Mustered out July 17, 1865.


Battery lost during service 10 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 12 Enlisted men by disease. Total 22.

 

 

Battery E:

 

Overview:

The battery was organized in Providence, Rhode Island and mustered in for a three year enlistment on September 23, 1861 under the command of Captain George E. Randolph. The battery was attached to Heintzelman's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, III Corps, Army of the Potomac, to August 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, III Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June 1863. Artillery Brigade, III Corps, to March 1864. Artillery Brigade, VI Corps, to July 1864. Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to December 1864. Artillery Brigade, VI Corps, to April 1865. Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to June 1865.

 

Service:

Left Rhode Island for Washington, D.C., October 4. Duty at Camp Sprague until November 5, 1861, and at Fort Lyon, near Alexandria, Va., defenses of Washington, until April 1862. Peninsula Campaign April to August. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Warwick Road April 15. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Battle of Fair Oaks May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-June 1. Oak Grove, near Seven Pines, June 25. Jordan's Ford June 27. Peach Orchard and Savage Station June 29. Brackett's June 30. Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing until August 15. Movement to Centreville August 15-26. Bristoe Station August 27. Groveton August 29. Battle of Bull Run August 30. Chantilly September 1. Duty in the defenses of Washington until October 11. March up the Potomac to Leesburg, thence to Falmouth, Va., October 11-November 23. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth until April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Battle of Gettysburg, July 1-4. Wapping Heights, Va., July 23. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Kelly's Ford November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Payne's Farm November 27. Rapidan Campaign May-June, 1864. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spotsylvania May 8-12; Spotsylvania Court House May 12-21; North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 18-22. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Moved to Baltimore, Md, July 9-16, then back to City Point, Va., July 17-19. Operations against Petersburg and Richmond July 1864 to April 1865. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Ordered to City Point April 3.

 

Battery E, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery mustered out of service on June 11, 1865.

 

The battery lost a total of 29 men during service; 17 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 12 enlisted men died of disease.

 

Literatur:

- Butts, Francis B. (Corporal): The Origin and First Campaign of Battery "E", First Rhode Island Light Artillery. Personal Narratives of the Events in the War, ser. 5, no. 2 pp. 1-85 (Providence, Rhode Island, 1896)

 

 

Battery F:

 

Overwiew:

The battery was organized at Camp Perry in Cranston, Rhode Island and mustered in for a three year enlistment on October 29, 1861 under the command of Captain Miles G. Moies. he battery briefly served as cavalry, March 20 to May 18, 1862. The battery first served unattached, Department of North Carolina, to December 1862. Artillery Brigade, Department of North Carolina, to January 1863. Artillery Brigade, XVIII Corps, Department of North Carolina, to May 1863. Defenses of New Berne, North Carolina, to November 1863. District of St. Marys, Department of Virginia and North Carolina, to January 1864. U.S. Forces, Yorktown, Virginia, Department of Virginia and North Carolina, to April 1864. Artillery, 2nd Division, XVIII Corps, Department of Virginia and North Carolina, to June 1864. Artillery Brigade, XVIII Corps, to December 1864. Artillery Brigade, XXIV Corps, Department of Virginia, to June 1865.

 

Service:

Left Rhode Island for Washington, D.C., November 7. Duty at Camp Sprague and at Camp California, near Alexandria, defenses of Washington, until January 1862. Moved to Annapolis, Md, Attached to Burnside's Expeditionary Corps to April 1862. Burnside's Expedition to Hatteras Inlet and Roanoke Island, N.C., January 9-February 7, 1862. At Hatteras Inlet until February 26, and at Roanoke Island until March 11. Moved to New Berne, N.C., March 11–14, and duty there until October 1863. Picket and outpost duty as cavalry March 20 to May 18, 1862. Action at Deep Gully March 31. Trent Road April 19. Expedition to Trenton and Pollocksville July 24–28. Expedition to Little Washington October 29–30. Expedition from New Berne November 2–12. Action at Rawle's Mills November 2. Demonstration on New Berne November 11. Foster's Expedition to Goldsboro December 11–20. Kinston December 14. Whitehall December 16. Goldsboro December 17. Expedition for relief of Little Washington April 7–10, 1863. Action at Blount's Creek April 9. Expedition to Swift Creek Village April 13–21 (section). Expedition to Washington April 17–19. Expedition to Trenton July 4–8. Actions at Free Bridge and Quaker Bridge July 6. Expedition to Winston July 25–26. Pattacassy Creek, Mt. Tabor Church, July 26. Expedition to Elizabeth City October 10–16. Moved to Norfolk, Va., October 30-November 5, then to Point Lookout, Md., November 23–24, and duty there until January 1864. Moved to Yorktown, Va., January 24. Wistar's Expedition toward Richmond February 6–8. Ball's Cross Roads February 7. Bottom's Bridge February 7. Expedition from Yorktown to New Kent Court House in support of Kilpatrick's Cavalry March 1–4. Expedition into King and Queen County March 9–12. Butler's operations on the south side of the James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4–28. Swift Creek or Arrow field Church May 9–10. Operations against Fort Darling May 12–16. Battle of Drewry's Bluff May 14–16. On Bermuda Hundred line May 16-June 15. Before Petersburg June 15–18. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864 to April 2, 1865. Battle of Chaffin's Farm September 28–30, 1864. Duty at Aiken's Landing October 7-November 8, 1864, and at Chaffin's Farm before Richmond until April 7, 1865. Moved to Richmond April 7, and duty there until June 25.

 

Battery F, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery mustered out of service on June 27, 1865.

 

The battery lost a total of 27 men during service; 10 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 17 enlisted men died of disease.

 

 

Battery G:

 

Overview:

Battery was organized in Providence, Rhode Island and mustered in for a three-year enlistment in December 1861 under the command of Captain Charles D. Owen. The battery was attached to Sedgwick's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March 1862. Reserve Artillery, II Corps, Army of the Potomac, to October 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, II Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May 1863. 4th Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to July 1863. Artillery Brigade, VI Corps, Army of the Potomac, to August 1864, and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to November 1864. Camp Barry, XXII Corps, Department of Washington, to December 1864. Artillery Brigade, VI Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June 1865.

 

Service:

Left Rhode Island for Washington, D.C., December 7. Duty at Camp Sprague, defenses of Washington, D.C., until January 3, 1862. Moved to Darnestown January 3 and to Poolesville, Md. Duty there until February and at Edward's Ferry until March. At Bolivar Heights until March 26. Moved to Washington, D.C., then to the Virginia Peninsula March 26-April 2. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Peach Orchard and Savage Station June 29. Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing until August 16. Movement to Alexandria August 16–28, then march to Fairfax Court House August 28–31. Cover retreat of Pope's army from Bull Run to Washington, D.C., August 31-September 2. Battle of Antietam, September 16–17. Moved to Harpers Ferry, W. Va., September 22, and duty there until October 22. Advance up Loudoun Valley and movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 18. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12–15. "Mud March" January 20–24, 1863. At Falmouth until April. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3–4. Banks' Ford May 4. Franklin's Crossing June 5–13. Battle of Gettysburg, July 2–4. Near Fairfield July 5. Funkstown, Md., July 10–13. Bristoe Campaign October 9–22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7–8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Brandy Station until May 1864. Rapidan Campaign May–June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5–7; Spotsylvania May 8–12; Spotsylvania Court House May 12–21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23–26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26–28. Totopotomoy May 28–31. Cold Harbor June 1–12. Before Petersburg June 17–18. Siege of Petersburg June 16-July 9. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22–23. Moved to Washington, D.C., July 9–12. Repulse of Early's attack on Washington July 12. Snicker's Ferry July 17–18. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to November. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Mount Jackson September 23–24. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Winchester and Kernstown until November. Moved to Washington, D.C., and refit, then moved to Petersburg, Va. Siege of Petersburg December 1864 to April 1865. Fort Fisher, Petersburg, March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3–9. Sayler's Creek April 6. High Bridge and Farmville April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army.

 

Battery G, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery mustered out of service on June 24, 1865

 

The battery lost a total of 30 men during service; 2 officers and 10 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 18 enlisted men died of disease.

 

Medal of Honor:

Private James Albert Barber - Medal of Honor recipient for action at the third battle of Petersburg, April 2, 1865

Private John Corcoran - Medal of Honor recipient for action at the third battle of Petersburg, April 2, 1865

Private Charles D. Ennis - Medal of Honor recipient for action at the third battle of Petersburg, April 2, 1865

Sergeant John H. Havron - Medal of Honor recipient for action at the third battle of Petersburg, April 2, 1865

Corporal Samuel E. Lewis - Medal of Honor recipient for action at the third battle of Petersburg, April 2, 1865

Sergeant Archibald Molbone - Medal of Honor recipient for action at the third battle of Petersburg, April 2, 1865

Private George W. Potter - Medal of Honor recipient for action at the third battle of Petersburg, April 2, 1865

 

 

Battery H:

 

Overview:

The battery was organized in Providence, Rhode Island and mustered in October 14, 1862 for a three year enlistment under the command of Captain Crawford Allen, Jr..The battery was attached to Camp Barry, Military District of Washington, October 1862. Stannard's 2nd Brigade, Casey's Division, Military District Washington, to February 1863. Artillery, Casey's Division, XXII Corps, Department of Washington, to April 1863. Artillery, Abercrombie's Division, XXII Corps, to May 1863. 3rd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, XXII Corps, to November 1863. Camp Barry, XXII Corps, to April 1864. Artillery, 1st Division, IX Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May 1864. Reserve Artillery, IX Corps, to June 1864. 2nd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, XXII Corps, to July 1864. 1st Brigade, DeRussy's Division, XXII Corps, to October 1864. City Point, Virginia, Department of Virginia and North Carolina, to December 1864. Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to January 1865. Artillery Brigade, VI Corps, to June 1865.

 

Service:

Left Rhode Island for Washington, D.C., October 23. Duty at Camp Barry, Washington, D.C., until January 1863. Moved to Fairfax Station January 19-23, and duty there until March 23. Moved to Union Mills March 23, and duty there until May 20. Moved to Chantilly, Va., May 20, and duty there until June 25. Moved to Fairfax Court House June 25, then to Arlington Heights, and duty in the defenses of Washington, south of the Potomac, until April 1864. Rapidan Campaign May 3-10. Battle of the Wilderness May 5-7. Spotsylvania May 8-10. March to Fredericksburg, then to Aquia Creek May 10-18, then moved to Washington. Duty at Fort Richardson until July 10, and at Fort Smith until October 16. At Camp Barry until October 25. Moved to City Point, Va., October 25-26, and duty there until January 2, 1865. Ordered to join the Army of the Potomac January 2. Siege of Petersburg January 2-April 2. Fort Fisher, Petersburg, March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Sayler's Creek April 6. High Bridge and Farmville April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Danville April 23-27, then to Burkesville Station May 3-6. Moved to Washington, D.C., via City Point and Richmond May 20-June 7. Corps Review June 8. Ordered to Providence, R.I., June 13.

 

Battery H, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery mustered out of service at Providence, Rhode Island on June 28, 1865 and was discharged July 3, 1865.

 

The battery lost a total of 12 men during service; 2 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 10 enlisted men died of disease.

 

 

1st Rhode Island Light Battery (Tompkins' Marine Artillery):

 

Overview:

Organized at the Benefit Street Arsenal in Providence for three months' service in April 1861. It was organized from the Providence Marine Corps of Artillery, a unit of the Rhode Island Militia. It was commanded by Captain Charles H. Tompkins.The First Rhode Island Battery left Rhode Island for Jersey City, New Jersey, April 18, 1861, then moved to Easton, PA, April 19, and to Washington, D.C., on April 27. It performed duty in the defense of that city until June 9. It was mustered into service May 2, and attached to Hunter's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia. It moved to Williamsport, Maryland, June 9–15, and returned to Washington June 17–20, and then marched to Williamsport July 9–13, and to Martinsburg, WV. It was then attached to Thomes' Brigade, Patterson's Army and marched to Bunker Hill, VA, and saw action there on July 15. It moved to Charlestown July 17, and to Harper's Ferry July 22 and then moved to Sandy Hook, New Jersey and then to Providence, RI, July 29–31. It was mustered out of service on August 2, 1861.

 

 

2nd Regiment, Rhode Island Heavy Artillery:

did not exist

 

 

3rd Regiment, Rhode Island Heavy Artillery:

 

Overview:

Organized at Providence as 3rd Infantry August, 1861, but reorganized at Hilton Head, S. C., as Heavy Artillery December 19, 1861. (See Batteries.) Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 39 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 90 Enlisted men by disease. Total 135.

 

 

4th Regiment, Rhode Island Heavy Artillery:

did not exist

 

 

5th Regiment, Rhode Island Heavy Artillery:

 

Overview:

Organized at New Berne, N. C., from 5th Rhode Island Infantry, May 27, 1863. Attached to Defences of New Berne, N. C., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to January, 1865. Sub-District of New Berne, Dept. of North Carolina, to June, 1865.

Service:

Served as garrison in Forts and Defences of New Berne, Washington and Roanoke Island, N. C., by Detachments. At Forts Totten, Gaston, Chase, Spinola, Hatteras, Clarke, Foster, Parke, Reno and Washington. Operations about New Berne against Whiting January 18-February 10, 1864. Operations about New Berne and in Albermarle Sound May 4-6. Skirmish, south side of Trent River, May 5, 1864. Mustered out June 26, 1865. (See 5th Infantry.)


Predecessor unit:

RHODE ISLAND VOLUNTEERS. 5th REGIMENT INFANTRY.
Overview:

 

Organized at Providence as a Battalion of 5 Companies and mustered in December 16, 1861. (5 new Cos. organized December 27. 1862.) Moved to Annapolis, Md., December 27-29, 1861. Attached to Parke's 3rd Brigade, Burnside's Expeditionary Corps, to April, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Dept. of North Carolina, to July, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. North Carolina, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to May, 1863. Lee's Brigade, Defences of New Berne, N. C., Dept. North Carolina, to July, 1863.

 

Service:

Burnside's Expedition to Hatteras Inlet and Roancke Island, N, C., January 7-February 8, 1862. Battle of Roanoke Island February 9. At Roanoke Island till March 11. Expedition up Currituck Sound February 19. Advance to New Berne March 11-13. Battle of New Berne March 14. Operations against Fort Macon March 19-April 26. Moved to Havelock Station, Atlantic & North Carolina Railroad, March 19-20. Companies "A," "B" and "C" to Newport Barracks March 23, thence Battalion moved to Carolina City April 4. At Bogue Banks April 6-30. Camden, South Mills, April 19. At Fort Macon April 30-June 30. At Beaufort, N. C., till August 7, and at New Berne till December. Expedition to Tarboro November 2-12. Rawle's Mills November 2. Demonstration on New Berne November 11. Foster's Expedition to Goldsboro December 11-20. Kinston December 14. Whitehall December 16. Goldsboro Bridge December 17. Duty at New Berne till May, 1863. Expedition to relief of Little Washington April 7-10. Duty in the Defences of New Berne till July. Designation of Regiment changed to 5th Rhode Island Heavy Artillery July, 1863. (See 5th Heavy Artillery.)


Regiment lost during service as Infantry and Heavy Artillery 1 Officer and 8 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 106 Enlisted men by disease. Total 119.

 

 

10th Battery Rhode Island Light Artillery:

 

Service:

The battery was organized in Providence, Rhode Island in May 1862 and mustered in for three months' service. It was commanded by Captain Edwin C. Gallup. The battery was formed from volunteers from the Providence Marine Corps of Artillery. The battery moved to Washington, D.C., May 27-29, 1862 and was attached to Whipple's Command, Military District of Washington. Served duty at Camp Frieze, Tennallytown, until June 23. At Cloud's Mills until June 30, and near Fort Pennsylvania until August.

 

The 10th Rhode Island Battery mustered out of service August 30, 1862.

 

 

14th Regiment Heavy Artillery (African Descent):

 

Overview:

Organized at Providence August 28, 1863, to January 25, 1864. 1st Battalion moved to New Orleans. La., December 19-30, 1863, thence to Pass Cavallo, Texas, December 31, 1863-January 8, 1864. Served unattached, 13th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to May, 1864 (1st Battalion). Defenses of New Orleans, Dept. of the Gulf, to October, 1865. Designation of Regiment changed to 8th U. S. Colored Heavy Artillery April 4, 1864, and to 11th U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery May 21, 1864.

 

Service:

1st Battalion assigned to garrison duty at Fort Esperanza. Matagorda Island, Texas, until May 19, 1864. Moved to Camp Parapet, New Orleans, La., May 19-23; Joined 3rd Battalion and duty there until July, 1864. Ordered to Port Hudson, La., and garrison duty there until April, 1865. Duty at Brashear City and New Orleans until October, 1865. 2nd Battalion moved to New Orleans January 8-February 3, 1864. Duty in the Defenses of New Orleans at English Turn and at Plaquemine until October, 1865. Expedition from Brashear City to Ratliff's Plantation May 14-16, 1865 (Detachment). Action at Indian Village, Plaquemine, August 6, 1864. 3rd Battalion moved to New Orleans April 3-15, and duty at Camp Parapet until October, 1865. Mustered out at New Orleans October 2, 1865.

 

 

Monroe's Rhode Island Battery:

=Battery D 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery; Batteriechef Captain Albert J. Monroe. Vom 5.-8.8.1862 führte die Division King meh­rere Expeditions nach Frederick's Hall Station, Va. und Spotsylvania Court House, Va, durch (vgl. King's Report, OR 12 [2] S. 121-22). Die Expedition nach Frederick's Hall Court House wurde von der Brigade Gibbon durchgeführt (vgl. King's Report, OR 12 [2] S. 122; Gibbon's Report OR 12 [2] S. 122-23), diejenige nach Spotsylvania Court House von Gen John P. *Hatch (vgl. King's Report, OR 12 [2] S. 122). Ziel von Gibbon's Expedition war die Zerstörung der Virginia Central RR. Bei diesem mit zwei Zangen durchge­führten Vorstoß eingesetzt wurden: an der Spotsylvania Court House Road: die 6th Wisconsin Infantry (Col. Lysander *Cutler), Har­ris Cavalry (2nd New York Cavalry), und eine Abteilung von Gerrish's New Hampshire Battery. Die Abteilung unter der persönlichen Führung Gibbon's, die auf der Telegraph Road vorstieß umfaßte 2nd Wisconsin,7th Wisconsin, 19th Indiana, 3rd Indiana Cavalry und Monroe's Rhode Island Battery (vgl. Gibbons's Report OR 12 [2] S. 122). Hierbei kam es zu wiederholten Feuergefechten bei Thorn­burg, Va. (sog. Affair of Thornburg 5.-6.8.1862), (vgl. Gibbon's Report, a.a.O.; Karte bei Davis Nr. 16.1, 74.1; Monroe's Report OR 12 [2], S. 125-26).

 

 

Newport Artillery:

bei Ausbruch des Krieges wurde die Milizeinheit am 16.4.1861 alarmiert und nach Washington / DC verschifft, um die Stadt zu ver­teidigen (vgl. Nosworthy: Bloody Crucible, a.a.O., S. 133)

 

 

Tompkins' Battery, Rhode Island Light Artillery (3 months, 1861):

 

Overview:

Organized at Providence for three months' service April, 1861. Left State for Jersey City, N. J., April 18, thence moved to Easton, Pa., April 19, and to Washington, D. C., April 27. Duty in the defences of that city till June 9. Mustered into service May 2. Attached to Hunter's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia. Moved to Williamsport, Md., June 9-15, and return to Washington June 17-20, thence march to Williamsport July 9-13, and to Martinsburg, W. Va. Attached to Thomes' Brigade, Patterson's Army. March to Bunker Hill, Va., and action July 15. Moved to Charlestown July 17, and to Harper's Ferry July 22. Moved to Sandy Hook, thence to Providence, R. I., July 29-31. Mustered out August 2, 1861.

 

 

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