Version 20.7.2017

 

Kansas (US):

 

 

a. allgemeines:

Durch die *Kansas-Nebrasca-Bill von 1854 setzte der US-Congress fest, daß Kansas und Nebrasca als Territorien organisiert werden sein sollten und sobald eine ausreichende Bevölkerung vorhanden war, als gleichberechtigte Staaten in die USA aufgenommen werden sollten, entweder als freier oder als Sklavenstaat, abhängig von einer Mehrheitsentscheidung der Bevölkerung (vgl. Castel: Quantrill, a.a.O., S. 1).

 

In Missouri bestand dagegen das Interesse, das westlich anschließende Territorium zu kontrollieren und es als Sklavenhalterstaat zu organisieren. Im Norden dagegen wurde der Versuch unternommen, die Mehrheitsverhältnisse durch gezielte Einwanderung aus den Nordstaaten zu beeinflussen (vgl. Castel: Quantrill, a.a.O., S. 3). Aufrufe von US-Senator David Rice *Atchinson aus Missouri hatten den gegenteiligen Effekt und führten Hunderte junger Männer aus Missouri zur Besiedlung von Kansas und zur Gründung zahlreicher Siedlungen. Atchinson und seine Anhänger versuchten ab 1855 die Kontrolle über die Kansas Territorial Legislature zu erlangen (vgl. Castel: Quantrill, a.a.O., S. 4/5; vgl. Williams: With the Border Ruffians, a.a.O., S. 39). Der Slave-State Missouri grenzte an zwei Seiten an die sklavenfreie Staaten Iowa und Indiana. Bereits im Konflikt of 'Bloody Kan­sas' 1854 bestand in Missouri die Befürchtung, daß falls Kansas sklavenfrei würde, Missouri auch an der Westgrenze von Aboli­tio­nist­en umgeben sein würde. 1854 hatte Missouri eine Sklaven-Bevölkerung von 100000 Menschen, von denen 2/3 in Planta­gen in den Counties an der Kansas-Border 'gehalten' wurden (vgl. Starr, Jennison's Jayhawkers, a.a.O., S. 4; Nevins: Ordeal of the Union [vol 5]: The Improvised War, a.a.O., S. 332; Lewis, Lloyd: "Propaganda and the Kansas-Missouri-War," Missouri Historical Review, XX­XIV [1939], S. 14).

 

Zwischen 1855 und 1861 kam es wiederholt zu blutigen, kriegsähnlichen Auseinandersetzungen zwischen Abolitionisten (darunter John Brown) und den Befürwortern der Sklavenhaltung, die die sog. Border Ruffians bildeten und vor Mord und Totschlag nicht zu­rück­schreckten (vgl. McPherson: Für die Freiheit, a.a.O., Kap. 5 S. 134 ff; Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother, a.a.O., S. 72 f.). 1856 kam hierbei u.a. zum sog. Wa­ka­rusa War (vgl. Randall: Civil War and Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 137; Robinson, Charles: The Kansas Conflict, New York 1892; Robinson, Sara: "The Wakarusa War", Kansas Historical Review, X [1907-08], S. 457-71; Williams: With the Border Ruffians, a.a.O., S. 39 ff) und zur Buford Expedition (vgl. Randall: Civil War and Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 136; Fleming, Walter J.: "The Buford Expedition to Kansas," Am. Hist. Rev. VI, 38-48 [Oct., 1900]).

 

Am 29.1.1861 wurde Kansas als "Free State" in die USA aufgenommen, mit einer überwältigenden Mehrheit (durch gezielte Nordstaaten-Ansiedlung von Abolitionisten) der republikanischen Partei, geführt von Männern mit abolitionistischer Auffassung (vgl. Castel: Quantrill, a.a.O., S. 20).

 

Das Department of Kansas wurde ab August 1862 organisatorisch in drei Brigaden gegliedert, die jeweils als "Legion" bezeichnet wurden. Diese umfaßten neben Infantry und Cavalry Regimentern jeweils Artillerie-Batterien und ein Regiment "Indian Homeguard" (vgl. OR XIII, 595; Starr: Cavalry III 25 Anm. 72).

 

 

 

b. Infantry:

 

1st Regiment, Kansas Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Lincoln, Fort Leavenworth, May 20 to June 3, 1861. Moved to Wyandotte, thence to Kansas City and Clinton, Mo., to join General Lyon, June 7-July 13, 1861. Attached to Dietzler's Brigade, Lyon's Army of the West. Advance on Springfield July. Action at Dug Springs August 2. At Springfield, Mo., till August 7. Battle of Wilson's Creek August 10. March to Rolia, Mo., August 11-22, thence to St. Louis, Mo., and duty on the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad till October. Attached to Dept. of Missouri to February, 1862. Dept. of Kansas to June, 1862. District of Columbus, Ky., Dept. Tennessee, to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, 6th Division, District of Corinth, Dept. Tennessee, to November, 1862. 1st Brigade, 6th Division, Left Wing 13th Army Corps, Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. 1st Brigade, 6th Division, 16th Army Corps, Army Tennessee, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, 6th Division, 17th Army Corps, to July, 1863. District of Vicksburg, Miss., to September, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 17th Army Corps, to August, 1864. Unattached, 2nd Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to December, 1864. District of Eastern Arkansas, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to January, 1865. Dept. Headquarters, Dept. of Arkansas, to August, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Tipton, Mo., October, 1861, to January, 1862. Expedition to Milford, Mo., December 15-19, 1861. Shawnee Mound, Milford, December 18. At Lexington till February, 1862. Moved to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. New Mexico Expedition April and May. Ordered to Columbus, Ky., and duty guarding Mobile & Ohio Railroad. Headquarters at Trenton, Tenn., till September. Moved to Jackson, Tenn., and duty there till November. Brownsburg September 4. Trenton September 17. March to relief of Corinth, Miss., October 3-5. Pursuit to Ripley October 5-12. Actions at Chewalla and Big Hill October 5. Moved to Grand Junction November 2. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign. Operations on the Mississippi Central Railroad to the Yocknapatalfa River November, 1862, to January. 1863. Moved to Moscow, thence to Memphis, Tenn., and to Young's Point, La., January 17, 1863. Regiment mounted February 1, 1863. Moved to Lake Providence February 8, and provost duty there till July. Actions at Old River, Hood's Lane, Black Bayou and near Lake Providence February 10. Pin Hook and Caledonia, Bayou Macon, May 10. Expedition to Mechanicsburg May 26-June 4. Repulse of attack on Providence June 9. Baxter's Bayou and Lake Providence June 10. Bayou Macon June 10. Richmond June 16. Lake Providence June 29. Moved to Natchez July 12-13, and duty there till October. Expedition to Harrisonburg, La., September 1-8. Cross Bayou September 14. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., October, and duty at Big Black and near Haynes' Bluff till June, 1864. Big Black River October 8, 1863. Scout from Bovina Station to Baldwyn's Ferry November 1. Scout to Baldwyn's Ferry January 14, 1864. Expedition up Yazoo River April 19-23. McArthur's Expedition to Yazoo City May 4-21. Benton May 7-9. Luce's Plantation May 13. Non-Veterans ordered to Fort Leavenworth, Kans., June 1, 1864. Attacked near Columbus, Ky., June 2. Mustered out June 19, 1864. Veterans on duty in District of Vicksburg, Miss., till August, 1864. Ordered to Morganza, La., July 29. Operations in vicinity of Morganza September 16-25. Near Alexandria September 20. Atchatalaya October 5. Ordered to White River, Ark., October 7, thence to Little Rock, Ark., December 7. Duty there as Headquarters Guard and escort, Dept. of Arkansas, till August, 1865. Mustered out August 30, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 7 Officers and 120 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 122 Enlisted men by disease. Total 252.

 

 

1st Regiment, Indian Home Guards, Kansas Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Leroy, Kansas, May 22, 1862. Attached to Dept. of Kansas to August, 1862. 3rd Brigade, Dept. of Kansas, to October, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Army of the Frontier, Dept. of Missouri, to February, 1863. District of Northwest Arkansas, Dept. of Missouri, to June, 1863. District of the Frontier, Dept. of Missouri, to December, 1863. 1st Brigade, District of the Frontier, Dept. of Missouri, to January, 1864. 1st Brigade, District of the Frontier, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to February, 1864. Indian Brigade, District of the Frontier, Dept. of Arkansas, 7th Army Corps, to February, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 7th Army Corps, to May, 1865. 

 

Service:

Expedition into Indian Territory May 25-July 28, 1862. Locust Grove, Cherokee Nation, July 3. Bayou Bernard July 27-28. Blount's Campaign in Missouri and Arkansas September 17 to December 3. Occupation of Newtonia October 4. Fort Gibson October 15. Old Fort Wayne or Beattie's Prairie, near Maysville, October 22. Between Fayetteville and Cane Hill November 9. Camp Babcock November 25. Cane Hill, Boston Mountains, November 28. Capture of Fort Davis December. Operations about Cane Hill December 4-6. Reed's Mountains December 6. Battle of Prairie Grove December 7. Expedition over Boston Mountains to Van Buren December 27-29. Capture of Van Buren December 29. Sent to Indian Territory January, 1863, and occupy line of the Arkansas River to protect friendly Indians, with Headquarters at Fort Gibson, I. T., and Fort Smith, Ark., until May, 1865. Action at Bentonville, Ark., February 20, 1863. Fort Blount April 30 and May 20. Fort Gibson, Cherokee Nation, May 22 and 25. Fort Blount June 9. Operations about Fort Gibson June 16-20. Greenlief Prairie June 16. Cabin Creek July 1-2. Elk Creek, near Honey Springs, July 17. Cabin Creek July 20. Creek Agency October 15 and 25. Repulse of Quantrell's attack on Fort Gibson December 16. Near Sheldon Place, Barren Fork, December 18. Operations in Indian Territory February 1-21, 1864. Cabin Creek September 19. Expedition from Fort Gibson to Little River and Hillabee March 18-20, 1865. Mustered out May 31, 1865.

 

2nd Regiment, Kansas Infantry (3 months, 1861):

 

Overview:

Organized at Lawrence for three months May, 1861. Mustered in at Kansas City June 20, 1861. Moved to Clinton, Mo., to join Lyon. Attached to Deitzler's Brigade, Lyon's Army of the West. Advance on Springfield Mo., June 29-July 5. Expedition from Springfield to Forsyth July 20-25. Action at Forsyth July 22. Dug Springs August 2. Battle ofWilson's Creek August 10. March to Rolla, thence to St. Louis August 11-22. Operations in Northeast Missouri August 30-September 7. Paris September 2. Shelbina September 4. Iatan September 4. Capture of St. Jo September 13. Moved to Wyandotte, Kan., to resist Price's invasion. Mustered out October 31, 1861.


Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 12 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 3 Enlisted men by disease. Total 17.

 

 

2nd Regiment, Indian Home Guards, Kansas Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized on Big Creek and at Five-Mile Creek, Kansas, June 22 to July 18, 1862. Attached to Dept. of Kansas to August, 1862. 1st Brigade, Dept. of Kansas, to October, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Army of the Frontier, Dept. of Missouri, to February, 1863. District of Northwest Arkansas, Dept. of Missouri, to June, 1863. District of the Frontier, Dept. of Missouri, to December, 1863. 1st Brigade, District of the Frontier, Dept. of Missouri, to January, 1864. 1st Brigade, District of the Frontier, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to February, 1864. Indian Brigade, District of the Frontier, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to February, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 7th Army Corps, to May, 1865. 

 

Service:

Expedition into Indian Territory May 25-July 28, 1862. Capture of Fort Gibson July 18. Bayou Bernard, I. T., July 28. Blount's Campaign in Missouri and Arkansas September 17-December 3. Shirley's Ford, Spring River, September 20. Expedition to Sarcoxie September 28-30. Occupation of Newtonia October 4. Old Fort Wayne or Beattie's Prairie, near Maysville, October 22. Cane Hill, Boston Mountains, November 28. Capture of Fort Davis December. Battle of Prairie Grove, Ark., December 7. Expedition over Boston Mountains to Van Buren December 27-29. Capture of Van Buren December 29. Sent to Indian Territory and occupy line of the Arkansas River and protect friendly Indians, with Headquarters at Fort Smith, Ark., and at Fort Gibson, I. T, until May, 1865. Near Fort Gibson, I. T., May 20, 1863. Fort Blount and Fort Gibson May 22. Operations near Fort Gibson June 6-20. Greenlief Prairie June 16. Cabin Creek July 1-2. Elk Creek, near Honey Springs, July 17. Operation in Cherokee Nation September 11-25. Repulse of Quantrell's attack on Fort Gibson December 16. Near Sheldon Place, Barren Fork, December 18. Cabin Creek December 19. Mustered out May 31, 1865.

 

3rd Regiment, Kansas Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organization not completed. Consolidated with 4th Kansas Infantry to form 10th Kansas Infantry April 3, 1862.

 

 

3rd Regiment, Indian Home Guards, Kansas Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Carthage, Mo., September 16, 1862. Served Unattached, Dept. of Kansas, September, 1862. 1st Brigade, Dept. of Kansas, to October, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Army of the Frontier, Dept. of Missouri, to February, 1863. District of Northwest Arkansas, Dept. of Missouri, to June, 1863. District of the Frontier, Dept. of Missouri, to December, 1863. 1st Brigade, District of the Frontier, Dept. of Missouri, to January, 1864. 1st Brigade, District of the Frontier, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to February, 1864. Indian Brigade, District of the Frontier, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to February, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 7th Army Corps, to May, 1865. 

 

Service:

Bayou Bernard, I. T., July 28, 1862. Neosho, Mo., September 1. Spring River September 1. Neosho September 3 and 5. Shirley's Ford, Spring River, September 20.Newtonia September 30. Occupation of Newtonia October 4. Newtonia October 5. Fort Gibson October 15. Old Fort Wayne or Beattie's Prairie, near Maysville, October 22. Cane Hill November 28. Capture of Fort Davis December. Salem December 2. Prairie Grove and Rhea's Mills December 7. Neosho December 15. Cane Hill December 20. Expedition over Boston Mountains and capture of Van Buren December 27-29. Sent to Indian Territory and occupy line of the Arkansas River and protect friendly Indians, with Headquarters at Fort Gibson, I. T, and Fort Smith, Ark., until May, 1865. Near Maysville January, 1863. Cherokee Country January 18. Fort Gibson February 28. Neosho March 2. Greenlief Prairie March 12. Fort Gibson March 27. Fort Blount March 27. Tahlequah March 30. Near Maysville May 8. Fort Smith, Ark., May 15. Near Fort Gibson and Fort Blount May 20. Fort Gibson May 22. Fort Blount May 25 and June 1. Operations about Fort Gibson June 6-20. Spring Creek June 6. Greenlief Prairie June 16. Fort Blount June 19. Cabin Creek July 1-2. Elk Creek, near Honey Springs, July 17. Operations in Cherokee Nation September 11-15. Fourteen Mile Creek October 30. Repulse of Quantrell's attack on Fort Gibson December 16. Near Sheldon Place, Barren Fork, December 18. Near Fort Gibson December 26. Operations in Indian Territory February 1-21, 1864. Scullyville April 16. Near Maysville May 8. Cabin Creek and Prior's Creek September 19. Cow Creek November 14 and 28. Expedition from Fort Gibson to Little River and Hillabee March 18-30, 1865. Skirmish on Snake River, Ark., April 28. Mustered out May 31, 1865.

 

4th Regiment, Kansas Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organization not completed. Consolidated with 3rd Kansas Infantry to form 10th Kansas Infantry April 3, 1862.

 

 

6th Regiment, Kansas Infantry:

 

Overview:

"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.

 

 

8th Regiment Kansas Infantry:

s. Pvt William C. *Black (Co. C)

 

Overview:

Regiment organized for service in the State and along border August, 1861. Companies "A," "D," "G" and "H" at Lawrence, Kan., October, 1861. Companies "A" and "G" march to West Point, Mo., December 16-19, and Companies "D" and "H," to same place No­vember 23-25, 1861. Companies "A," "F" and "G" moved to Fort Kearney, Neb.; February 16, 1862. Companies "D," "H" and "K" to Osawatomie, Kan., February 22, thence to Fort Leavenworth March 12. Companies "A," "D" and "G" at Fort Kearney, Neb. Compa­nies "B" and "F" at Fort Leavenworth, Kan. Company "C" at Fort Riley till April, then at Fort Leavenworth, Kan. Companies "E" and "K" at Aubrey, Kan. Company "H" at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., till April, then at Fort Riley, and Company "I" at Leavenworth City. All till May, 1862. Companies "B," "E," "H," "I" and "K" moved from Leavenworth to Columbus, Ky., May 28-June 2, and to Union City, Tenn., June 8-11. To Trenton, Tenn., June 16-17. To Humboldt, Tenn., June 26, and to Corinth, Miss., July 2-3. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, Army Mississippi, to September, 1862. 32nd Brigade, 9th Division, Army Ohio, to October, 1862. 32nd Briga­de, 9th Division, 3rd Corps, Army Ohio, to November, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Right Wing 14th Army Corps, Dept. of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. Post of Nashville, Dept. of the Cumberland, to June, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 20th Army Corps, Army Cumberland, to October, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army Cumberland, to August, 1865. Dept. of Texas to November, 1865.

 

Service:

Companies "B," "E," "H," "I" and "K" moved from Corinth, Miss., to Jacinto July 22, 1862, and to Eastport, Miss., August 3-5. March to Nashville, Tenn., August 18-September 4, thence to Louisville, Ky., in pursuit of Bragg September 11-26. Pursuit of Bragg into Kentucky October 1-16. Near Perryville October 6-7. Battle of Perryville October 8. Lancaster October 14. March to Nashville, Tenn., October 16-November 7. Reconnoissance toward Franklin December 9. Near Brentwood December 9. Assigned to provost duty at Nashville December 18, 1862, to June 9, 1863. Company "G" stationed at Leavenworth till February, 1863. Joined Regiment at Nashville, Tenn., March 29, 1863. Companies "A," "D" and "F" at Fort Kearney till June, 1862, then at Leavenworth, Kan., till Fe­bruary, 1863. Company "C" at Leavenworth, Kan., till February, 1863. Skirmish with Gordon's guerrillas at Hickory Grove, Mo., Au­gust 7, 1862 (Cos. "A," "D" and "F"). Scout from Fort Leavenworth to Independence, Mo., August 12-14, 1862 (Cos. "A" and "F"). Hickory Grove August 23 (Cos. "A," "C" and "F"). Expedition through Jasper, Cass, Johnson and LaFayette Counties, Mo., Septem­ber 8-23 (Cos. "C" and "F"). Companies "A," "C," "D" and "F," joined Regiment at Nashville, Tenn., February 22, 1863. Regiment moved from Nashville to Murfreesboro, Tenn., June 9, 1863. Middle Tennessee or Tullahoma Campaign June 23-July 7. Liberty Gap June 24-27. Passage of Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River, and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Caperton's Ferry, Bridgeport, August 29. Battle of Chickamauga, Ga., September 19-20. Siege of Chattanooga September 24-October 27. Battles of Chattanooga November 23-25; Orchard Knob November 23-24; Missionary Ridge November 25. Pursuit to Graysville November 26-27. March to relief of Knoxville, Tenn., November 28-December 8. Campaign in East Tennessee till February, 1864. Veterans on furlough February 17-April 5. Moved to Nashville, Tenn., April 20-28. Escort train from Nashville to Sherman's army May 1 to June 17. Rejoined Brigade before Kenesaw Mountain June 28. Operations against Kenesaw Mountain June 28-July 2. Ruff's Station, Smyrna Camp Ground, July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Battle of Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy's Station Sep­tember 2-6. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama October 1-26. Moved to Nashville, thence to Pulaski, Tenn. Nashville Campaign November-December. Columbia, Duck River, November 24-27. Spring Hill November 29. Battle of Fran­klin November 30. Battles of Nashville December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28. March to Hunts­ville, Ala., December 1, 1864, to January 5, 1865, duty there till February 1. Moved to Nashville and back to Huntsville Fe­bruary 1-6, and duty there till March 15. Bull's Gap Expedition and operations in East Tennessee March 15-April 22. Moved to Nash­ville April 22 and duty there till June 15. Moved to New Orleans, La., June 15-29, thence to Indianola, Texas, July 6-9. March to Green Lake July 9, and duty there till August 10. Moved to San Antonio August 10-23, and duty there till November 29. Mustered out November 29, 1865. Moved to Fort Leavenworth, Kan., November 30, 1865-January 6, 1866, and honorably discharged January 9, 1866.

Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 94 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 144 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 244

 

 

10th Regiment, Kansas Infantry:

s. Col William *Weer

 

Overview::

Organized at Paola by consolidation of 3rd and 4th Kansas Infantry April 3, 1862. Attached to Dept. of Kansas to August, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Dept. of Kansas, to October, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Army of the Frontier, Dept. Missouri, to February, 1863. District of Rolla, Dept Missouri, to June, 1863. District of St. Louis, Mo., Dept. Missouri, to August, 1863. District of Kansas, Dept. of Missouri, to January, 1864. Alton, Ill., to August, 1864. District of St. Louis, Mo., Dept. Missouri, to November, 1864. Nashville, Tenn., Dept. of the Cumberland, to December, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division (Detachment), Army Tennessee, to February, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 16th Army Corps, Military Division West Mississippi, to August, 1865.

 

Service:

Moved to Fort Scott, Kan., April, 1862, and duty there till June 4. Companies on Expedition into Indian Territory with 2nd Ohio Cavalry June 13-August 15. Locust Grove, C. N., July 3. Reconnoissance from Grand River to Fort Gibson, Tahlequah and Park Hill, and skirmishes July 14-17. Campaign against Coffey and Cockrell in Missouri August. Jackson County, Mo., September 15. Newtonia September 30. Occupation of Newtonia October 4. Old Fort Wayne or Beattie's Prairie near Maysville October 22. Cane Hill October 28. Battle of Prairie Grove, Ark., December 7. Expedition over Boston Mountains to Van Buren December 27-31. Moved to Springfield, Mo., January, 1863, and duty there till February 27. Near Mount Vernon till March 15. Operations against Shelby till April. Moved to Rolla, Mo., April 27, thence to St. Louis, Mo., June 4-8. Moved to Indianapolis, Ind., and return to St. Louis July 18. Moved to Kansas City, Mo., August, and duty there till January, 1864. Skirmish with Quantrell at Paola August 21, 1863 (Detachment). Company "I" detached at St. Louis, Mo., as provost guard July and August, 1863, rejoining at Kansas City. Company "K" at Topeka, Kan., September to November, 1863. Regiment moved to St. Louis, Mo., January, 1864, thence to Alton, Ill., and guard Military Prison there till August, 1864. Non-Veterans moved to St Louis, Mo., and mustered out August 19-20, 1864. Veterans and Recruits consolidated to a Battalion of four Companies August 15, 1864. On duty at St. Louis, Mo., till October 20. Moved to Pilot Knob October 20-24, thence to Paducah, Ky., November 2-12, and to Nashville, Tenn., November 28-29. Temporarily attached to 4th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland. Battle of Franklin November 30. Battle of Nashville December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28. Moved to Eastport, Miss., January 4-7, 1865. Reconnoissance to Iuka, Miss., January 9. Moved to New Orleans, La., February 8-21. Campaign against Mobile, Ala., and its defences March 17-April 12. Siege of Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely March 26-April 8. Assault and capture of Fort Blakely April 9. Occupation of Mobile April 12. March to Montgomery April 13-25. Duty there and in the District of Alabama till August. Mustered out August 30, 1865, and discharged at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., September 20, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 26 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 114 Enlisted men by disease. Total 146.

 

 

12th Regiment, Kansas Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Paola September, 1862. Attached to Dept. of Kansas to June, 1863. Unattached, District of the Border, Dept. Missouri, to January, 1864. Unattached, District of the Border, 7th Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Frontier Division, 7th Corps, to May, 1864. 1st Brigade, District of the Frontier, 7th Corps, to February, 1865. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 7th Corps, February, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 7th Corps, to June, 1865.


Sdervice:

Regiment assigncd to duty by detachments on line between Kansas and Missouri till November. 1863. At Olathe, Paola, Wyandotte, Mound City, Shawnee Trading Post, Fort Scott, Leavenworth and Fort Riley, Kan. Company "H" at Fort Larned till January, 1864, then rejoined regiment at Fort Smith, Ark., also occupy Kansas City, Westport and Hickman's Mills, Mo., guarding trains and operating against guerillas. Operations in Jackson County against Quantrell November 2-5, 1862 (Co. "A"). Baxter Springs October 6, 1863 (Detachment). Companies "B," "E" and "F" escort train to Fort Smith, Ark., October 28-November 17, 1863. Companies "A," "C," "D," "G, "I" and "K" concentrated at Fort Scott November, 1863, and march to Fort Smith, Ark., December 13-28, 1863. Duty there till March, 1864. Steele's Expedition to Camden March 23-May 3, 1864. Prairie D'Ann April 9-13. Jenkins' Ferry, Saline River, April 29-30. Return to Fort Smith May 3-16, and duty there till February, 1865. Fort Smith September 11, 1864. Moved to Little Rock February 24, 1865, and duty there till June. Mustered out June 3, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 10 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 121 Enlisted men by disease. Total 135.

 

 

13th Regiment, Kansas Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Atchison and mustered in September 20, 1862. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Army of the Frontier, Dept. Missouri, to February, 1863. District of Southwest Missouri, Dept. Missouri, to June, 1863. District of the Frontier, Dept. Missouri, to December, 1863. 3rd Brigade, District of the Frontier, Dept. Missouri, to January, 1864. 3rd Brigade, District of the Frontier, 7th Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to February, 1865. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 7th Corps, February, 1865. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 7th Corps, February, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 7th Corps, to June, 1865.


Service:

Action at Newtonia, Mo., September 29, 1862. Occupation of Newtonia October 4. March to Old Fort Wayne, arriving October 29. Cane Hill November 28. Battle of Prairie Grove, Ark., December 7. Expedition over Boston Mountains to Van Buren, Ark., Dec. 27-31. Capture of Van Buren December 29. March to Springfield, Mo., January 7, 1863, and duty there till May. March to Fort Scott, Kan., May 19-29, thence to Drywood, and duty there till August. Blunt's Campaign August 3-31. Capture of Fort Smith. To Webber Falls, C. N., arriving August 31, and duty there till September 15. March to Scullyville, C. N., and outpost and scout duty there till October 1. March to Van Buren, Ark., and duty there till February, 1865. (Cos. "B," "E" and "F," garrison at Fort Smith March, 1864, to February, 1865.) Companies "A," "C," "D," "G," "H" and "I" ordered to Little Rock February 3, 1865, and provost and garrison duty there till June, 1865. Mustered out June 26, 1865, and discharged at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., July 13, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 19 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 106 Enlisted men by disease. Total 129.

 

 

17th Regiment, Kansas Infantry (100 days, 1864):

 

Overview:

Organized at Fort Leavenworth July 28, 1864, for 100 days. Attached to District of North Kansas. Company "A" ordered to Fort Riley, Company "C" to Cottonwood Falls and Company "D" at Lawrence. Operations against Price October-November. March to relief of Mound City. Mustered out November 16, 1864.


Regiment lost 4 by disease.

 

 

Block's Company (Leavenworth Zouaves), Kansas Infantry:

 

Overview:

"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.

 

 

 

 

 

 

c. Cavalry:

 

 

3rd Kansas Cavalry Regiment:

s. Col James *Montgomery

 

 

6th Kansas Cavalry Regiment:

s. Captain H. S. *Greeno, Lt Anson J. *Walker

 

 

7th Regiment Kansas Cavalry (Jennison’s Jayhawkers):

s. Col Dr. Charles R. *Jennison; Col Albert Lindley *Lee; 1863 Col Thomas P. Herrick; LtCol Daniel Read *Anthony; Captain John *Brown jr; Captain Marshall *Cleveland (Co. H); Major Thomas P. *Herrick (Captain Co. A 1861); Captain Levi *Utt, Captain Ho­race *Pardee, 1stLt Simeon M. *Fox; Chaplain Samuel *Ayres, First Sergeant Daniel *Holmes (Co. D); Sergeant Welcome *Mowry (Co. D); Sergeant F. E. Newton, Pvt Joseph *Baumer; Pvt George *Mowry Co. D); Fletcher *Pomeroy, Daniel B. *Holmes, John J. *Ingalls

 

Overview:

Organized at Fort Leavenworth October 28, 1861. Attached to Dept. of Kansas to June, 1862. 5th Division, Army of Mississippi, to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of Mississippi, to November, 1862. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, 13th Corps, Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, Army of Tennessee, to March, 1863. Cavalry Brigade, District of Corinth, 2nd Division, 16th Army Corps, to June, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to August, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Corps, to February, 1864. Unattached, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Corps, to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee, to September, 1864. District of St. Louis, Mo., Dept. of Missouri, to July, 1865. Dept. of Kansas to September, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty in Western Missouri till January 31, 1862. Spring Hill, Mo., October 21, 1861 (1 Co.). Little Blue November 11, 1861 (Cos. "A," "B" and "H"). Little Santa Fe November 20. Independence, Little Blue, November 20 (Detachment). Columbus, Mo., January 9, 1862. Moved to Humboldt, Kansas, January 31, and duty there till March 25. Moved to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, March 25; thence to Columbus, Ky., May 18-June 2, and to Corinth, Miss., June 7, escorting working parties on Mobile & Ohio Railroad and arriving at Corinth July 10; thence moved to Jacinto and Rienzi, Miss., July 18-23. Expedition from Rienzi to Ripley, Miss., July 27-29. Re­connoissance to Jacinto and Bay Springs and skirmish August 4-7. Reconnoissance from Rienzi to Hay Springs August 18-21. Mari­etta and Bay Springs August 20. Kossuth August 27. Rienzi September 9 and 18. Battle of Iuka, Miss., September 19 (Cos. "B" and "E"). Ruckersville October 1 (Detachment). Baldwin October 2. Battle of Corinth October 3-4. Pursuit to Ripley October 5-12. Ruckersville October 6. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign October 31, 1862, to January 10, 1863. Capture of Ripley November 2, 1862. Orizaba November 2. Jumpertown November 5. Reconnoissance from LaGrange November 8-9. Lamar and Coldwater No­vember 8. Holly Springs November 13, 28 and 29. Waterford or Lumpkin's Mill November 26-30. About Oxford December 1-3. Tal­lahatchie December 2. Water Valley December 4. Coffeeville December 5. Moved to Moscow, Tenn., December 31, and duty on line of Memphis & Charleston Railroad at Germantown, Tenn., till April 14, 1863. Joinerville January 3, 1863. Near Germantown Janua­ry 27. Near Yorkville January 28 (1 Co.). Tuscumbia, Ala., February 22. Expedition to Colliersville and to LaFayette and Moscow March 8-16. Lafayette Depot March 15. Moscow March 16. Germantown April 1. Scout in Beaver Creek Swamp April 2-6. Moved to Corinth April 14-17. Dodge's Expedition into Northern Alabama April 15-May 8. Rock Cut, near Tuscumbia, April 22. Tuscumbia, Dickson Station and Leighton April 23. Town Creek April 27. Expedition from Burnsville to Tupelo, Miss., May 2-8. Tupelo May 5. At Corinth, Miss., May 8, 1863, to January 8, 1864. Expedition to Florence May 26-31, 1863. Florence May 28. Hamburg Landing May 30. Iuka, Miss., July 9 and 14. Near Corinth August 16. Expedition into West Tennessee August 27-October 1. Swallow Bluff September 30 (Cos. "A" and "C"). Operations in North Mississippi and West Tennessee against Chalmers October 4-17. Ingraham's Mills, near Byhalia, October 12. Wyatts, Tallahatchie River, October 13. Operations on Memphis & Charleston Railroad November 3-5. Operations on Memphis & Charleston Railroad against Lee's attack November 28-December 10. Molino November 28. Ripley December 1 and 4. Jack's Creek December 24. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., January 18, 1864. Veterans on furlough February 4-March 4; then moved to St. Louis, Mo., March 12. Moved to Memphis June 6. Near Memphis May 2 (Detachment). LaFayette June 9. Smit­h's Expedition to Tupelo, Miss., July 5-18. King's Creek July 9. Pontotoc July 11-12. Tupelo July 13-14. Oldtown Creek July 15. Elli­stown July 16. Tupelo July 25. Smith's Expedition to Oxford, Miss., August 1-30. Tallahatchie River August 7-9. Hurricane Creek, Oxford, August 9. Hurricane Creek August 13, 14, 16 and 19. Moved to St. Louis, Mo., arriving September 17. Pursuit of Price through Missouri September 20-November 26. Little Blue October 21. Independence October 22. Big Blue and State Line, Westport, October 23. Mine Creek, Little Osage River, October 25. Duty by Detachments in St. Louis District till July 18, 1865. Moselle Bridge, near Franklin, December 7, 1864 (Co. "E"). Expedition from Bloomfield into Dunklin County March 3-7, 1865. Skirmishes near Bloomfield March 3 and 7. Dunklin County March 4. Skirmish, McKinzie's Creek, near Patterson, April 15. Ordered to Omaha, Neb., July 18; thence to Fort Kearney and duty there till September. Moved to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, arriving September 14. Mustered out September 29, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 55 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 164 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 223.

 

auch Jennison's Jayhawkers; in den ersten Monaten nach seiner Aufstellung war das Regiment bekannt als First Kansas Volunteer Ca­valry; die numerische Bezeichnung wurde im Frühjahr 1862 geändert (vgl. Starr: Jennison's Jayhawkers, a.a.O., S. 19 Anm. 9).

 

Ab Juli 1862 gehörte das Regiment zu Sheridan’s Cavalry Brigade (vgl. Starr: Jennison’s Jayhawkers, a.a.O., S. 193).

 

Während Grant's erster Vicksburg Campaign (Overland Campaign) im November 1862 Vorstoß nach Süden in Richtung *Grand Junction und Holly Springs führte Lee die Mounted Brigade des als rechter Flügel Grant's eingesetzten Corps Hamilton's (vgl. Bears­s: Vicksburg, a.a.O., Vol. I, S. 37); Lee unternahm am 5.11.1862 mit der 7th Kansas Cavalry und weiteren Einheiten einen Aufklä­rungsvorstoß nach Lamar (zwischen Grand Junction und Holly Springs; vgl. Karte bei Davis Nr. 154; vgl. Bearss, a.a.O., S. 37; OR Ser. I, Vol. XVII, pt. II, S. 320); hierbei kam es am 5.11.1862 bei Jumpertown / nahe Lamar zu einem Schußwechsel zwischen Lee’s 7th Kansas Cavalry und einer Rebel Patrol die nach Süden auswich (vgl. Bearss, a.a.O., S. 37).

 

Ab 26.11.1862 faßte Grant seine Kavallerie in einer Kavallerie-Division unter Col T. Lyle Dickey zusammen. Die 1st Brigade unter Albert Lindley *Lee wurde der Left Wing unter BrigGen Charles S. *Hamilton's unterstellt (vgl. Bearss, Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vo. I 72); die 2nd Brigade unter Colonel Edward *Hatch gehörte zu Center Wing General *McPherson's, die 3rd Brigade unter Col Benjamin H. *Grierson zum Left Wing *Sherman's. Die 7th Kansas Cavalry gehörte zur Cavalry Brigade von Col Albert Lindley *Lee (vgl. Bearss, Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vo. I 72 ). Lee's Cavalry Brigade befand sich am 29.11.1862 während Grant’s Over­land Campaign in *Ebenezer Church / Mississippi, und stieß (verstärkt durch BrigGen George W. Deitzler's Infantry Brigade) nach Süden zu den Tallahatchie-Brücken vor (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vol. I S. 74).

 

Nach dem überraschenden Rückzug der CS-Truppen von der Tallahatchie Line am 1.12.1862 erhielt Dickey den Befehl mit seiner Cavalry von Waterford (vgl. Karte bei Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vol. I S. 58) die Verfolgung anzutreten (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vol. I S. 95). Lee‘s Brigade ging hierbei über Abbeville auf Oxford / Mississippi vor, das am Abend des 2.12.1862 genommen wurde (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vol. I S. 96). Hierbei griff die 7th Kansas Cavalry (abgeses­sen) die konföderierte Straßensperre nördlich von Oxford an, vertrieb die Sicherungen, und stürmte die Stadt Oxford (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vol. I S. 96 Anm. 2; Starr: Jennison’s Jayhawkers, a.a.O., S. 222; Kerr: Fighting with Ross’ Texas Cavalry, a.a.O., S. 48-49).

 

Literatur:

- Bearss, Edwin Cole: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., Vol. I, S. 37, 102, 320, 722, 730

- Connelley, William E. (ed.): "Some Ingalls Letters." Collection of the Kansas State Historical Society, 1915-1918, XIV, S. 91-122

- *Fox, Simeon M.: "The Story of the Seventh Kansas," Transactions of the Kansas State Historical Society, 1903-1904, VIII, S. 13-49

- *Fox, Simeon M.: "The Early History of the Seventh Kansas Cavalry," Collections of the Kansas State Historical Society, 1909-1910, XI, S. 238-53

- Herklotz, Hildegard Rose: "Jayhawkers in Missouri, 1858-1863." Missouri Historical Review, XVII, 266-84; XVIII, 64-101

- Holmes, Daniel: Daniel B. Holmes Collection, Chicago Historical Society

- *Ingalls, John J.: "The Last of the Jayhawkers." Kansas Magazine, I, S. 356-62

- *Ingalls, John J.: "Kansas, 1541-1891," Harper's Magazine, LXXXVI (1893), S. 697-713

- Lyman, William: "Origin of the Name 'Jawhawker'," Collections of the Kansas State Historical Society, 1915-18 (XIV), S. 203-207

- National Archives Washington: Seventh Kansas Volunteer Cavalry, Regimental Letter and Order Book

- Newton, F. E.: Sergeant Newton’s Letter vom 15.1.1862 an die Eltern von First Sergeant Daniel *Holmes, in Daniel B. Holmes Col­lection, Chicago Historical Society, beschreibt die Details der Niederbrennung von *Columbus am 8.1.1862 und den Tod Holmes'

- Pomeroy, Fletcher: War Diary. Typescript (Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka)

- Starr, Stephen Z.: Jennison's Jayhawkers: A Civil War Cavalry Regiment and Its Commanders (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Un­iversity Press, 1973); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik61/3a

- Starr, Stephen Z.: The Union Cavalry in the Civil War, vol. III, S. 34, 35, 306, 506, 513, 514, 515

- *Utt, John H.: "History of the Seventh Kansas Regiment" Kansas State Historical Society, Topeca

 

 

16th Regiment Kansas Cavalry:

s. Pvt James *Wren (Co. E)

 

Overview:

Organized at Leavenworth City November, 1863, to May, 1864. Attached to District of Kansas, Dept. Missouri, to April, 1865. Dis­trict of the Plains, Dept. Missouri, to December, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty in the District of North Kansas at Fort Leavenworth till September, 1864. Company "D" at Fort Scott, 1st Brigade, District South Kansas. Companies "A" and "L" at Paola, 2nd Brigade, District South Kansas. Company "B" at Shawnee Mission and Compa­ny "C" at Olathe, 2nd Brigade, District of South Kansas. Companies "F" and "G" at Lawrence August, 1864. Action at Ridgley, Mo., June 11, 1864 (Co. "E"). Scout from Leavenworth to Weston, Mo., June 13-16, and from Kansas into Missouri June 16-29. Camden Point July 13 (Co. "F"). Near Lexington October 17 (Co. "H"). Lexington October 19. Operations against Price October. Battle of Little Blue October 21. Pursuit of Price October 21-28. Independence and State Line October 22. Big Blue and Westport October 23. Mine Creek, Little Osage River and Marias des Cygnes October 25. Battle of Charlot October 25. Mound City and Fort Lincoln Oc­tober 25 (Cos. "A," "D"). Newtonia October 28. Operations on Upper Arkansas January 28-February 9, 1865. Protecting country against Indians till June. Powder River Expedition, march to Powder River and Fort Connor, July 11-September 20. Actions with In­dians September 2-5. Powder River, Mouth of Dry Ford, September 8. Mustered out December 6, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 10 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 98 Enlisted men by disea­se. Total 110.

 

 

 

 

 

d. Artillery:

 

2nd Independent Battery, Kansas Light Artillery:

s. Pvt Jonathan *Becker

 

Overview:

Organized at Fort Scott and mustered in September 10, 1862. Attached to Dept of Kansas to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, Dept. of Kansas, to October, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Army of the Frontier, Dept. of Missouri (1 Section), to February, 1863. District of Southwest Missouri, Dept. Missouri, to June, 1863. District of the Frontier, Dept. Missouri, to January, 1864. Unattached, District of the Frontier, 7th Corps, Dept. Arkansas, to May, 1864. 1st Brigade, District of the Frontier, 7th Corps, to February, 1865. 1st Bri­gade, 3rd Division, 7th Corps, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Fort Scott, Kansas, till June, 1863. (1st Section moved to Greenfield, Mo., September 1-3, 1862. Action at Newtonia Septem­ber 30. Occupation of Newtonia October 4. Cane Hill November 28. 2nd Section moved from Fort Scott to Pea Ridge, Ark., October 12-19, 1862, returning to Fort Scott December 3-10, 1862.) Scout from Creek Agency to Jasper County, Mo., May 16-19, 1863 (1 Section). Sherwood May 19. (1 Section moved to Baxter Springs May 6, returning to Fort Scott June 24.) Fort Gibson May 22. Near Fort Gibson May 28. Operations about Fort Gibson June 6-20. Greenleaf Prairie June 16. 1 Section moved to Fort Gibson with sup­ply train June 19-July 4. Action at Cabin Creek July 1-2 and 5. Battery moved to Fort Gibson July 5-12. Elk Creek near Honey Springs July 17. Duty at Fort Gibson till August 22. Near Sherwood August 14. Campaign to Perryville, C. N., August 22-31. At Fort Gibson till November. Ordered to Fort Smith, Ark., arriving November 15, and duty there till July, 1865. Near Fort Smith July 31, 1864. (1 Section at Clarksville June and July, 1864. 1 Section remained at Fort Scott and participated in the pursuit of Price.) Battle of Westport October 23, and pursuit beyond Fort Scott. Joined Battery at Fort Smith June, 1865. Action at Dardanelle, Ark., January 14, 1865. Battery mustered out August 11, 1865.


Battery lost during service 3 Enlisted men killed and 18 Enlisted men by disease. Total 21.

 

 

 

 

 

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