Version 20.7.2017

 

Illinois:

(Part III)

 

 

c. Cavalry:

 

 

1st Regiment Illinois Cavalry:

s. Col Thomas A. *Marshall

 

Overview:

Seven Companies, "A" to "G," organized at Alton, Ill., and mustered in July 3, 1861. (Cos. "I," "H" and "K" were not mustered with Regiment and never served with it.) Attached to Dept. of Missouri. Moved to St. Charles, Mo., thence to Jefferson City, Mexico, Hannibal and Lexington, Mo. Skirmish at Georgetown, Mo., August - (Co. "C"). Siege of Lexington, Mo., September 11-20. Surrendered September 20. Reorganizing at Benton Barracks, Mo., till June, 1862. Guard supply trains and depots at Rolla, Houston, West Plains, etc. Mustered out July 14, 1862.


Company "H" organized at Alton, Ill., June 12, 1861. Company "I" organized at Alton, Ill., July 9, 1861. Company "K" organized at Alton, Ill., December 9, 1861. Companies "H" and "I" attached to Military District of Cairo to February, 1862. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, Military District of Cairo, to March, 1862. Unattached, Army of Mississippi, to April, 1862. Cavalry Division, Army Mississippi, to June, 1862. District of Memphis, Tenn., to July, 1862.

Service:

Skirmishes at Charleston, near Bird's Point, August 19-20, 1861. Fish Lake August 20. Underwood's Farm, near Bird's Point, October 14. Action at Belmont, Mo., November 7. At Cairo, Ill., and Bird's Point, Mo., till March, 1862. Operations against New Market, Mo., March 1-14, and against Island No. 10, Mississippi River, March 15-April 8. Duty at New Madrid till June, and at Memphis, Tenn., till July. Mustered out July 15, 1862.


Company "K" attached to Army of Southwest Missouri January to July, 1862. District of Eastern Arkansas, Dept. of Missouri, to October, 1862. Army of Southeast Missouri to December, 1862. Action at Warrensburg, Mo., March 28. Mustered out December 27, 1862.


Regiment lost during service 17 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 26 Enlisted men by disease. Total 43.

 

Im August 1861 in Nordwest Missouri eingesetzt; das Regiment verteidigte *Lexington / Missouri Anfang September 1861 mit ande­ren US-Kräften unter Col James A. *Mulligan (vgl. Mulligan: The Siege of Lexington, Mo; B&L vol. I, a.a.O., S. 307).

 

 

2nd Regiment Illinois Cavalry:

s. Newton *Bateman; Captain John R. *Hotaling; Captain Thomas J. *Larrison, Sergeant James A. B. *Butterfield (Co. A); Samuel H. *Fletcher (Co A)

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Butler, Ill., and mustered in August 12, 1861. (Co. "M" mustered in December 30, 1861.) Moved to Fort Massac August 29, 1861; to Cairo, Ill., October 3, 1861 (6 Cos.), and to Paducah, Ky., November 1, 1861 (5 Cos.). Attached to Military Dis­trict of Cairo, Dept. of Missouri, to February, 1862. Unattached, Army of Mississippi, to April, 1862 (Cos. "G," "H," "I" and "K"). District of Columbus, Ky., to November, 1862 (Cos. "E," "F," "G," "H," "I," "K" and "M"). (Cos. "A" and "B," 1st Brigade, 1st Divi­sion, Army Tennessee, to March, 1862. 2nd Division, Army Tennessee, to July, 1862.) Cavalry, District of Jackson, Tenn., to Novem­ber, 1862 (Cos. "A, "B," "C" and "D"). Cavalry, 4th Division, Right Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to Decem­ber, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to March, 1863. Unattached, 13th Army Corps, Army Tennessee, to Au­gust, 1863 (Detachment). District of Columbus, Ky., 6th Division, 16th Corps, to May, 1863 (Detachment). 4th Brigade, District of Memphis, Tenn., 5th Division, 16th Army Corps, to August, 1863 (Detachment). Cavalry Brigade, 13th Army Corps, Dept of the Gulf, to September, 1863 (7 Cos.). 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Dept. Gulf, to December, 1863 (7 Cos.). District of Columbus, Ky., 6th Division, 16th Army Corps, to December, 1863 (Detachment). Waring's Cavalry Brigade, Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to January, 1864 (Detachment). 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to June, 1864 (Detachment). 3rd Briga­de, Cavalry Division, Dept. of the Gulf, December, 1863, to January, 1864 (7 Cos.). 4th Brigade, Cavalry Division, Dept. of the Gulf, to June, 1864 (7 Cos.). Unattached, Defences of New Orleans, La., to August, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Dept. of the Gulf, to September, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Dept. of the Gulf, to February, 1865. Separate Cavalry Brigade, District off West Florida, to March, 1865. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of West Florida, to April, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Ca­valry Corps, Military Division West Mississippi, to June, 1865. Dept. of Mississippi to November, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty in Military District of Cairo till February, 1862. Expedition to Belmont, Mo., November 6-7, 1861. Battle of Belmont Novem­ber 7. Bertram, Mo., December 11. Charleston, Mo., December 13. Expedition to Camp Beauregard and Viola, Ky., December 28-31. Moved to Paducah, Ky., January 1, 1862. Expedition toward Fort Henry January 15-26. Operations against Fort Henry February 2-6 (Cos. "A" and "B"). Springfield February 12. Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 12-16 (Cos. "A" and "B"). Advance on Columbus, Ky., March 2 (6 Cos.). Operations against New Madrid and Island No. 10, Mo., February 28-April 8 (Cos. "G," "H," "I" and "K"). New Madrid March 2-3. Action, and capture of Columbus, Ky., March 3 (6 Cos.). Union City, Tenn., March 31 (Cos. "H" and "I"). Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7 (Cos. "A" and "B"). Monterey April 28-29. Purdy April 29. Advance on and siege of Corinth April 29-May 30 (Cos. "A," "B," "C" and "D"). Expedition down Mississippi River to Fort Pillow, Tenn., May 19-23 (Cos. "G," "H," "I" and "K"). Expedition from Clifton in pursuit of Biffle's, Forest's and Newsome's Cavalry July 22-23. Gayoso, Tenn., August 4. Trenton, Tenn., August 7. Merriweather Ferry, Obeon River, August 16 (Co. "C"). White Oak Ridge August 19. Bolivar August 30 (4 Cos.). Somerville September 14. Battle of Iuka, Miss., September 19 (Detachment). Expedition from Bolivar to Grand Junction and La­Grange, and Skirmishes, September 20-22 (Cos. "C," "H," "K" and "M"). Expedition from Columbus, Ky., to Covington, Durhams­ville and Fort Randolph, Ky., September 28-October 5 (Cos. "D" and "L"). Battle of Metamora, or Hatchie's River, October 5 (Co. "A"). Island No. 10 October 17 (Co. "L"). Woodville 0ctober 21 (Detachment). Clarkson October 28 (Co. "D") Grant's Central Miss­issippi Campaign October 31, 1862, to January 10, 1863. Reconnoissance from LaGrange to Colliersville, Tenn., November 5 (5 Cos.). Reconnoissance from LaGrange to Lamar, Miss., November 5 (2 Cos.). LaGrange November 6. Worsham's Creek, Miss., No­vember 6 (2 Cos.). Carthage Road, near Hartsville, November 28 (Co. "H"). Holly Springs, Miss., December 20 (Cos. "C," "F," "G," "H," "I" and "K") Ripley December 23 (Cos. "H" and "M"). Knob Creek, near Ripley January 8, 1863. Horn Lake Creek, February 8, 1863. Moscow Station, Tenn., February 14. Expedition from Young's Point, La., to Greenville, and Cypress Bend, Ark., February 14-29 (Detachment). Fish Lake, near Greenville, February 23 (Detachment.) Expedition from Helena, Ark., to Yazoo Pass by Moon Lake, and Coldwater and Tallahatchie Rivers, February 24-April 8 (Co. "E"). Near Bloomington, on Hatchie River, February 27. Operations against Fort Pemberton and Greenwood March 13-April 5 (Co. "E"). Fort Pemberton March 24 (Co. "E"). Operations from Milliken's Bend, La., to New Carthage March 31-April 17 (Detachment). Roundaway Bayou, Richmond, March 31 (Detach­ment). Richmond April 4 (Detachment). Scout from LaGrange, Tenn., into Mississippi April 10-11 (Detachment). James' Plantation, near New Carthage, April 8 (Detachment). Dunbar's Plantation, Bayou Boeuf. April 15 (Detachment). Expedition from Perkins' Plantation to Hard Times Landing April 25-29. Fort Pillow April 26. Phelps' and Clark's Bayous April 26. Choctaw Bayou, on Lake Bruin, April 28. Turning Grand Gulf April 25-30 (4 Cos.). Battle of Port Gibson May 1. Willow Springs May 3 (Co."C") Near Black River May 5 (Detachment). Sandy Creek May 5 and 9 (Detachment). Utica May 9 and 10 (Cos. "A" and "E"). Coldwater May 11. Raymond May 12 (Cos. "A" and "E"). Hill's Ferry May 13 (Detachment). Jackson May 14 (Cos. "A" and "E"). Walnut Hill May 15. Champion's Hill May 16. Siege of Vicksburg May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Haines Bluff May 23 (Detach­ment). Mechanicsburg May 29 (Detachment). Expedition to Satartia June 2-8. Satartia June 4. Coldwater, near Hernando, Miss., June 19. Hernando June 20. Moscow Station, Tenn., June 29. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10 (4 Cos.). Ripley July 7. Near Baker's Creek July 7. Bolton's Depot and near Clinton July 8. Near Jackson July 9. Brookhaven July 18. Scout from Fort Pillow, Tenn., Au­gust 3 (Detachment). Denmark August 3 (Detachment). Expedition from Fort Pillow to Jackson, Tenn., September 19-25 (5 Cos.). Moved to Dept. of the Gulf August, 1863 (7 Cos.). Sterling's Plantation on Bayou Fordoche, near Morganza, La., September 29. Wes­tern Louisiana Campaign October 3-November 30. Carrion Crow Bayou October 18. Opelousas and Barre's Landing October 21. Washington October 24. Carrion Crow Bayou November 3. Rogersville, Tenn., November 6 (Co. "M"). Carrion Crow Bayou and Vermillionville November 11. Obion River, near Union City, Tenn., November 19 (Detachment). Merriweather Ferry, near Union City, November 19 (Detachment). Camp Platt, La., November 20. Bayou Portage, La., November 23 (Detachment). Vermillionville, La., November 25. Camp Pratt November 25. St. Martinsville December 3 (Detachment). Okolona, Miss., December 9 (Detachment). Madrid Bend, La., December 9 (Detachment). Expedition from Union City to Trenton, Tenn., January 22-27, 1864 (1st Battalion). Smith's Expedition from Colliersville, Tenn., to Okolona, Miss., February 11-26 (5 Cos.). Prairie Station, Miss., and Okolona, Miss., February 21. Ivy's Hill, near Okolona, February 22. Hopefield, Ark., March 14. Red River Campaign March 14-May 22. Advance from Franklin to Alexandria, La., March 14-26. Bayou Rapides March 20. Monett's Ferry and Cloutiersville March 29-30. Natchitoches March 31. Crump's Hill, Piney Woods, April 2. Natchitoches April 5. Bayou de Paul April 8. Sabine Cross Roads April 8. About Cloutiersville April 22-24. Monett's Ferry, Cane River Crossing, April 23. Alexandria April 28 and May 2-9. Retreat to Morganza May 13-20. Near Alexandria May 14. Mansura May 16. Near Moreauville May 17. Yellow Bayou May 18. Steamer "City Belle" May 30. Regiment united at Baton Rouge, La., July, 1864. Operations near Baton Rouge July 3-25. Near Barton's Ferry, Amite River, July 25 (Detachment). Bayou Letsworth August 11. Expedition to Clinton August 23-29. Olive Branch, Comite River and Clinton August 25. Expedition from Baton Rouge to Clinton, Greensburg, Osyka and Camp Moore October 5-9. Clinton October 6. Lee's Expedition from Baton Rouge to Brookhaven, Miss., and Skirmishes, November 14-21. Davidson's Expedition from Baton Rouge against Mobile & Ohio R. R. November 27-December 13. Campaign against Mobile and its defences March 17-April 12, 1865. Steele's march from Barrancas, Fla., to Fort Blakely March 18-31. Near Evergreen March 24. Muddy Creek March 26. Near Blakely April 1. Operations against Fort Blakely April 1-9. Expedition from Blakely to Claiborne April 9-17. Expedition from Blake­ly to Georgetown, Ga., April 17-30. Moved to Mississippi May, thence to Shreveport, La., June 14-21; thence to San Antonia, Texas, July 9-August 2. Mustered out November 22, 1865. Discharged at Springfield, Ill., January 3, 1866.


Regiment lost during service 8 Officers and 50 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 173 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 234.

 

Co 'A' unter Captain *Hotaling gehörte im Frühjahr 1862 zur 1st Brigade Oglesby, 1st Division McClernand, Grant’s Army of the Tennessee bei der Eroberung von *Fort Donelson im Februar 1862 (vgl. US Grant; in: Battles and Leaders Vol. I S. 429; Wallace, Lew: The Capture of Fort Donelson; in: B&L, vol. I, a.a.O., S. 417-419).

 

Co 'B' unter Captain *Larrison gehörte im Frühjahr 1862 zur 1st Brigade Oglesby, 1st Division McClernand, Grant’s Army of the Tennessee bei der Eroberung von *Fort Donelson im Februar 1862 (vgl. US Grant; in: Battles and Leaders Vol. I S. 429; Wallace, Lew: The Capture of Fort Donelson; in: B&L, vol. I, a.a.O., S. 417-419).

 

Literatur:

- Bateman, Newton: Papers (Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield / Illinois)

- **Fletcher, Samuel H.: The History of Company A, Second Illinois Cavalry (N.p., 1912)

 

 

3rd Regiment Illinois Cavalry:

s. Captain David *Black (Co. C); Pvt. Joseph A. *Hutchins (Co. C)

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Butler, Ill., and mustered in August 27, 1861. Moved to St. Louis, Mo., September 25, thence to Jefferson City, Mo., and to Warsaw, Mo., October 1-11. Attached to Dept. of the Missouri to January, 1862. 3rd Brigade, Army of Southwest Miss­ouri, to February, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, Army of Southwest Missouri, to May, 1862. 2nd Division, Army of Southwest Missouri, to July, 1862. District of Eastern Arkansas, Dept. of Missouri, to December, 1862. 3rd Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of Eastern Arkansas, December, 1862. Unattached, Sherman's Yazoo Expedition, to January, 1863 (Cos. "A," "E," "G," "K," "L" and "M"). Unattached, 13th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, Headquarters of Gen. McClernand and Gen. Osterhaus, to August, 1863. (5 Cos., "B," "C," "F," "H" and "I," 2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, March to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division Cavalry, 16th Army Corps, to August, 1863, 2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to January, 1864.) (Co. "D" at Headquarters 15th Army Corps to July, 1863, then with Arkansas Expedition to December, 1863.) Other Companies attached to Cavalry Brigade, 13th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to September, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Dept. of the Gulf, to December, 1863, when rejoined Regiment in 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to April, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee, to July, 1864. 1st Bri­gade, 1st Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee, to November, 1864. 1st Brigade, 5th Division, Cavalry Corps, Military Divi­sion Mississippi, to May, 1865. Dept. of the Northwest to October, 1865.

 

Service:

Fremont's Campaign against Springfield, Mo., October 23-November 2, 1861. Moved to Rolla November 13-19, and duty there till January, 1862. Curtis' advance on Springfield February 2-13. Marshfield, Mo., February 9. Pursuit of Price into Arkansas February 14-29. Pott's Hill, Sugar Creek, February 16. Sugar Creek February 17. Bentonville February 17. Battles of Pea Ridge March 6-8. Expedition to Fayetteville March 15. March to Batesville, Ark., April 5-May 3. Talbot's Ferry, White River, April 19. Fairview, Little Red River, June 7 (Co. "L"). Scouts from Batesville June 16-17. March to Helena, Ark., June 26-July 14. Helena July 14. Duty near Helena, Ark., till December. Expedition from Helena to Arkansas Post November 16-21. Expedition to Grenada, Miss., November 27-December 5. Oakland December 3. Sherman's Yazoo Expedition December 22, 1862, to January 3, 1863. Chickasaw Bayou De­cember 26-28. Chickasaw Bluff December 29. Expedition to Arkansas Post, Ark., January 3-11, 1863. Capture of Fort Hindman, Ar­kansas Post, January 10-11. Milliken's Bend January 21. Richmond January 29. 5 Companies, "B," "C," "F," "H," and "I," ordered to Memphis, Tenn., February, 1863. Other Companies remained on duty with 13th Army Corps to August, 1863. Company "D" with 1st Division, 15th Army Corps, to July, then with Arkansas Expedition till December, 1863.


Companies "A," "E," "G," "K," "L" and "M"-Operations from Milliken's Bend to New Carthage March 31-April 17, 1863 (Cos. "A" and "K"). Near New Carthage April 5 (Cos. "A" and "K"). Movement on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25-30. Battle of Port Gibson May 1. Near Black River May 5 (Detachment). Battle of Champion's Hill May 16. Big Black River Bridge May 17. Sie­ge of Vicksburg May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Edwards' Station June 10. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10. Edwards' Station July 6. Near Baker's Creek July 7. Bolton's Depot July 8. Near Clinton July 8. Near Jackson July 9. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Brookhaven July 18. Moved to New Orleans, La., August. Campaign in Western Louisiana, operations in Teche Country October 3-November 30. Vermillion Bayou October 9-10. 0pelousas and Barre Landing October 21. Washington October 24. Vermillionville November 5. Carrion Crow Bayou November 11. Vermillionville November 11. Camp Pratt November 20 and 25. Vermillionville November 25. Near Baton Rouge March 3, 1864 (Detachment). Jackson March 3, 1864 (Detachment). Livonia March 30. Near Port Hudson April 7 (Detachment). Companies rejoined Regiment at Memphis, Tenn., December, 1863.


Companies "B," "C," "F," "H" and "I"-Coldwater and Cochran's Cross Roads May 15, 1863. Expedition from LaGrange, Tenn., to Senatobia, Miss., May 21-26. Senatobia May 23. Operations in Northwest Mississippi June 15-25. Scout to Germantown July 8. Mt. Pleasant August 5. Expedition from Memphis to Grenada, Miss., August 12-23. Grenada August 17. Mt. Pleasant August 25. Expedi­tion from LaGrange to Toon's Station September 11-16. Montezuma September 16. Operations against Chalmers' in North Mississip­pi and West Tennessee October 4-17. Lockhart's Mills October 6. Salem October 8. Ingraham's Mills, near Byhalia, October 12. Wy­atts', Tallahatchie River, October 13. Operations on Memphis and Charleston R. R. November 3-5. Operations on Memphis and Charleston R. R. against Lee's attack November 28-December 10. Ripley December 1. Near Moscow December 3-4. Near Corinth Dec. 23 (Detachment).


Company "D." Expedition to Greenville, Black Bayou and Deer Creek April 2-14, 1863. Jackson, Miss., May 14. Siege of Vicksburg May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Moved to Helena, Ark., July. Steele's Expedition to Little Rock, Ark., August 1-September 10. Bayou Fourche and capture of Little Rock Sep­tember 10.


Regiment on Smith's Expedition from Colliersville, Tenn., to Okolona, Miss., February 11-26, 1864. Holly Springs, Miss., February 12. Near Pontotoc February 17. Houlka Swamp, near Houston, February 17. Near Okolona February 18. Ivey's Hill, near Okolona, February 22. New Albany February 23. Pontotoc February 24. Germantown May 9. Sturgis' Expedition from Memphis into Missis­sippi June 1-13. Brice's or Tishaming Creek, near Guntown, June 10. Ripley June 11. Near Holly Springs July 1. Smith's Expedition to Tupelo, Miss., July 5-21. Camargo's Cross Roads, near Harrisburg, July 13. Near Tupelo July 14-15. Old Town Creek July 15. Smith's Expedition to Oxford, Miss., August 1-30. Tallahatchie River August 7-9. Hurricane Creek and Oxford August 9. Hurricane Creek August 13-14 and 19. Forest's attack on Memphis, Tenn., August 21 (Detachment). Scout to Mayfield, Ky., and skirmish Au­gust 14-15 (Detachment). Moved to Clifton, Tenn., September 27. Operations in Tennessee and Alabama against Hood November-December. Expedition from Memphis to Moscow November 9-13. Shoal Creek, Ala., November 11. On line of Shoal Creek Novem­ber 16-20. Duck River November 28. Franklin November 30. Battle of Nashville December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood December 17-28. West Harpeth River December 17. Richland Creek December 24. King's or Anthony's Gap, near Pulaski, December 25. At Gravelly Springs, Ala., till February, 1865. At Eastport, Miss., till May. Moved to St. Louis, Mo., thence to St. Paul, Minn. Operating against Indians in Minnesota and Dakota July 4 to October 1. Mustered out October 18, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 8 Officers and 50 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 173 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 234.

 

 

4th Regiment Illinois Cavalry:

s. Col Lyle T. *Dickey; LtCol William *McCulloch; LtCol S. D. *Swan; Commissary Sergeant Frederick *Lehmann (Co. F&S); Corporal Phineas O. *Avery (Co. I); Corporal Henry N. *Peters (Co K); Pvt (?) F. S. Martin

 

Overview:

Organized at Ottawa, Ills., and mustered in September 26, 1861. Moved to Cairo, Ills., October, 1861, and duty in that district till Fe­bruary, 1862. (Co. "A" detached as escort to General Grant, November, 1861, to August, 1863.) Attached to District of Cairo to Fe­bruary, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, District of West Tennessee, to March, 1862. 2nd Division, Army of the Tennessee (Cos. "E," "F," "G," "H"). 4th Division, Army Tennessee (Cos. "I," "K," "L" and "M"). 1st Division, Army Tennessee (Cos. "A," "B," "C," "D"), to April, 1862. 5th Division, Army Tennessee, to July, 1862 (Cos. "E," "F," "G," "H," "I," "K," "L," "M"). 1st Division, Army Tennes­see, to July, 1862 (Cos. "A," "B," "C," "D"). 1st Division, District of Jackson, Tenn., to November, 1862 (Cos. "A," "B," "C," "D"). 5th Division, District of Memphis, Tenn., to November, 1862 (Cos. "E," "F," "G," "H," "I," "K," "L," "M"). Lee's 2nd Brigade, Caval­ry Division, 13th Army Corps, (Old) Department of the Tennessee, to December, 1862, and 16th Army Corps to March, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to May, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to August, 1863. Winslow's Cavalry Brigade, 15th Army Corps, December, 1863. Winslow's Cavalry Brigade, 17th Army Corps, and District of Vicksburg, Miss., to April, 1864. Post of Natchez, District of Vicksburg, Miss., to December, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee, to June, 1865. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, District West Tennessee June 1865.

 

Service:

Reconnoissance of Columbus Ky. December 1861. Reconnoissance from Paducah Ky. to Fort Henry Tenn., January 15-25 1862 (De­tachment). Expedition from Cairo into Kentucky January 16-21. Operations against Fort Henry Tenn., February 2-6. Fort Donelson Tenn., February 12-16 (Co. "I"). Expedition from Paducah Ky. to Tennessee River and operations about Crump's Landing Tenn. March 8-14. Expedition from Savannah to Yellow Creek Miss. and occupation of Pittsburg Landing March 14-17. Black Jack Forest March 16 (Detachment). Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Corinth Road April 8. Expedition to Bear Creek, Ala., April 12-13 (Cos. "E," "G," "H," "L," "M"). Pea Ridge April 15. Corinth Road April 24-25. Pea Ridge April 27. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Raid on Mobile and Ohio R. R. April 29-May 14. March to Memphis, Tenn., June 1-July 21 (8 companies). Four companies operating in district of Jackson, Tenn., till November, and (eight companies) in District of Memphis, Tenn., till No­vember. Tallahatchie Bridge, Miss., June 18. Near Holly Springs, Miss., July 1. Hatchie Bottom July 29. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign October 31, 1862, to January 10, 1863. Double Bridges November 18. About Oxford December 1-3. Water Valley Station December 4. Coffeeville December 5. Expedition against Mobile and Ohio R. R. December 14-19. Ripley December 23. Bolivar and Middletown December 24. Scout duty in West Tennessee and North Mississippi, headquarters at Colliersville, Tenn., January to Au­gust, 1863. Centre Hill, near Germantown, January 27 (Detachment). Expedition from Colliersvllle March 8-12 (Detachment). Shel­by County March 9. Expedition from Lagrange into Northern Mississippi April 29-May 5. Expedition from Lagrange to Senatobia May 21-26. Senatobia May 23. Operations in Northwest Mississippi June 15-25. Quinn's Mills and Coldwater June 16. Near Holly Springs June 16-17. Near Clinton July 8. Scout from Germantown July 16-20. Expedition from Memphis to Grenada, Miss., August 12-23. Craven's Plantation August 14 (Co. "M"). Grenada August 17. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., August. Expedition from Vicks­burg, Miss., to Monroe, La., August 20-September 2 (Battalion). Bayou Macon and Bayou Floyd August 24 (Battalion). Expedition from Big Black River to Yazoo City September 27-October 1 (Detachment). Morris Ford, near Benton, September 29 (Detachment). Ingraham's Plantation, near Port Gibson, October 10 (1st Battalion). Expedition toward Canton October 14-20. Canton Road, near Brownsville, October 15-16. Near Clinton and Vernon Cross Reads October 16. Bogue Chitto Creek October 17. Sartatia October 17. Robinson's Mill, near Livingston, October 17. Livingston Road, near Clinton, October 18. Expedition to Tallulah Court House No­vember 10-13 (Detachment). Independence December 7 (Cos. "A," "B," "C," "D"). Moved to Natchez, Miss., December, 1863. Mer­riweather Ferry, Bayou Boeuf, December 13. Duty there and scouting in Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana till December, 1864. Meridian Campaign February 2-March 2 1884. (Cos. "A," "B," "C," "D"). Chunky Station February 14. Washington March 29 (Detachment). Concordia July 25. Expedition from Natchez to Gillespie's Plantation August 4-6. Gillespie's Plantation August 5 (De­tachment). Cross Bayou August 6. Bullitt's Bayou August 26. Consolidated to a Battalion of 5 companies October 14, 1864. Eight Mile Post, Natchez and Liberty Road September 6 (Co. "L"). Expedition from Natchez to Buck's Ferry and skirmishes September 21-26. Expedition from Natchez to Woodville October 4-11 (Detachment). Woodville October 5-6. Ordered to Memphis, Tenn., Decem­ber. Grierson's Raid on Mobile and Ohio R. R. December 21, 1864, to January 15, 1865. Franklin Creek December 21-22. Verona December 25, 1864. Egypt Station December 28. Franklin January 2, 1865. Duty at Memphis till June. Expedition from Memphis to Marion, Ark., January 19-22. Expedition from Memphis into Northern Mississippi February 3-11. Expedition from Memphis to Brownsville, Miss., April 23-26. Consolidated with 14th Illinois Cavalry June 14, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 31 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 166 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 199.

 

Das Regiment verfolgte am 6.2.1862 die aus Fort Henry fliehenden CS-Truppen (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 29).

 

Im Battle of Shiloh am 6.4.1862 gehörte die 4th Illinois Cavalry (8 Co's) ab dem Abend des 5.4.1862 unter dem Kommando von Col T. Lyle *Dickey zur 5th Division BrigGen William T. Sherman in Grant's Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 138). Das Camp der 4th Illinois Cavalry befand sich am Morgen des 6.4.1862 neben den Stellungen von Waterhouse’s Battery nahe dem Divisionshauptquartier Sherman’s; aufgrund des konföderierten Durchbruchs bei der 53rd Ohio Infantry und 57th Ohio Infantry mußte die 4th Illinois ihr Camp fluchtartig verlassen (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 160 mit Karte S. 165).

 

Nach dem überraschenden Rückzug der CS-Truppen von der Tallahatchie Line am 1.12.1862 erhielt die US-Cavalry von Grant's Army of the Tennessee unter Col *Dickey den Befehl mit seiner Cavalry von Waterford (vgl. Karte bei Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vol. I S. 58) die Verfolgung anzutreten, wobei die 4th Illinois Cavalry den Befehl erhielt, mit Teilen des Regiments unter Lt­Col William *McCulloch nordwestlich von Oxford die Zerstörung einer Eisenbahnbrücke zu verhindern (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vol. I S. 96).

 

Regimentskommandeur während Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 1863 war LtCol S. D. *Swan (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg III S. 1145).

 

Photos:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War. From Vicksburg to Appomattox, a.a.O., S. 306 (die 4th Illinois Cavalry im Training in *Camp Hunter / Illinois im Herbst 1861)

 

Literatur:

- **Avery, Phineas O.: History of the Fourth Illinois Cavalry Regiment (Humboldt, Nebrasca, 1903)

- Dickey, Lile: Letter to Aunt Ann (Shiloh National Military Park, Shiloh / Tennessee, 4th Illinois Cavalry File)

- Martin, F. S.: Letters (Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis)

 

 

5th Illinois Cavalry Regiment:

s. Major A. A. *Apperson, Jacob *Ammen

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Butler, Ills., August 31 to December 30, 1861. Moved to Benton Barracks, Mo., February 20, 1862. Thence to Pilot Knob, Mo., March 3. Moved to Doniphan March 27-April 1 and to Pocahontas April 17. Attached to Steele's Division, Army of Southeast Missouri, to May, 1862. Army of Southwest Missouri to July, 1862. District of Eastern Arkansas, Department of Missouri, to December, 1862. 1st Brigade 3rd (Cavalry) Division, District of Eastern Arkansas, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, 18th Army Corps, Department of the Tennessee, to April, 1863. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of Eastern Arkansas, to June, 1863. Cavalry Herron's Division, 13th Army Corps to August, 1863. Winslow's Cavalry Brigade, 15th Army Corps to December, 1863. Winslow's Cavalry Brigade, 17th Army Corps, and District of Vicksburg, Miss., to January, 1865. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee to June, 1865. Departments of the Gulf and Texas to October, 1865.

 

Service:

Action at Putnam's Ferry, Mo., April 1, 1862. Doniphan April 4. Pocahontas April 21. Scouting and skirmishing in Arkansas and Missouri till June. Smithville June 17 (Cos. "D," "F" and "L"). March to Helena, Ark., June 26.July 14. Hill's Plantation, Cache River, July 7. At Helena, Ark., till May, 1863. Expedition from Helena to Clarendon August 4-17, 1862. Clarendon August 15. Expedition from Helena to Jeffersonville and Mariana September 2-6. Expedition from Clarendon to Lawrenceville and St. Charles September 11-13. Near Helena October 22. Expedition from Helena to Arkansas Post November 16-21. Expedition from Helena to Grenada, Miss., November 27-December 5. Moved to Snyder's Bluff, Miss., May 31-June 1, 1863. Expedition to Satartia June 2-8 (Detachment). Satartia June 4 (Detachment). Raid to Brookhaven June 23-26 (Detachment). Expedition from Snyder's Bluff to Greenville June 25-July 1 (three companies). Rocky Creek, near Ellisville, June 26 (three Companies). Gaines' Landing, Ark., June 28. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Near Clinton July 8. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Near Canton July 12. Holton's Depot July 16. Grant's Ferry, Pearl River, July 16. Briar Creek, near Canton, July 17. Canton July 18. Bolton's Depot July 24. Raid from Big Black River, on Mississippi Central R. R., and to Memphis, Tenn., August 10-22. Payne's Plantation, near Grenada, August 18. Panola August 20. Coldwater August 21. Moved from Memphis to Vicksburg, Miss., August 23-27, and duty in that District till January, 1865. Expedition from Big Black River to Yazoo City September 27-October 1, 1863 (Detachment). Brownsville September 28 (Detachment). Morris Ford, near Benton, September 29 (Detachment). Expedition to Canton October 14-20. Brownsville October 15. Canton Road, near Brownsville, October 15-16. Near Clinton and Vernon Cross Roads October 16. Bogue Chitto Creek October 17. Robinson's Mills, near Livingston, October 17. Livingston Road, near Clinton, October 18. Oak Ridge January 16, 1864. Meridian Campaign February 3-March 2. Champion's Hill February 4. Jackson February 5. Brandon February 7. Morton February 8. About Meridian February 9 to 13. Hillsboro February 10. Meridian February 13-14. Marion Station February 16. Clinton April 3. Expedition from Vicksburg to Yazoo City May 4-21 (Detachment). Benton May 7-9. Yazoo River May 29. Expedition from Vicksburg to Pearl River July 2-10. Jackson July 7. Expedition from Vicksburg to Deer Creek September 21-26. Expedition to Rodney and Fayette September 29-October 3 (Detachment). Port Gibson September 30. Expedition from Natchez to Woodville October 4-11 (Detachment). Woodville October 5-6 (Detachment). Operations in Issaqueena and Washington Counties October 24-31. Expedition from Vicksburg to Gaines' Landing, Ark., and Bayou Macon, La., November 6-8. Expedition from Vicksburg to Yazoo City November 23-December 4. Franklin Creek, Miss., December 21-22. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., January 24, 1865. Expedition through Southern Arkansas and Northern Louisiana January 26-February 13. At Memphis, Tenn., till June. Expedition into Northern Mississippi March 3-11. Moved to Alexandria, La., via Red River, July 1, thence march to Hempstead, Texas, August 12, arriving August 26, and duty there till October. Moved to Springfield, Ills., October 6-17. Mustered out October 27, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 28 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 5 Officers and 414 Enlisted men by disease. Total 447.

 

Regimentskommandeur 1863 während Grant's Vicksburg Campaign war Major A. A. Apperson; Cavalry Brigade Col. Cyrus Bussey (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg III 1145).

 

Literatur:

- Bearss: Vicksburg III S. 1145

 

 

6th Illinois Cavalry Regiment:

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Butler, Ills., November 19, 1861. Moved to Shawneetown, Ills., November 25, and duty there till February, 1862. Moved to Paducah, Ky., thence to Columbus, Ky. Regiment divided, five companies, "A," "C," "D," "E' and "F," moved to Trenton, Tenn., March, 1862, and duty there operating against guerrillas till September, 1862. Action at Wood Springs, near Dyersburg, Tenn., August 7. Near Dyersburg August 18 (Co. "E"). Rejoined Regiment at Memphis, Tenn. 5 Companies, "G," "H," "I," "K" and "L," at Columbus, Ky., till June; then moved to Memphis, Tenn. 2 Companies, "B" and "M," at Paducah, Ky., and Bird's Point, Mo., till September, 1862. Rejoined Regiment at Memphis, Tenn. Attached to District of Columbus, Ky., and Memphis, Tenn., Department of the Tennessee to November, 1862. District of Memphis, Tenn., l3th Army Corps, (Old) Department of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. Grierson's First Brigade, Cavalry Division, Department of the Tennessee, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps to March, 1863. 1st Brigade 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps to May, 1863. Cavalry Division 19th Army Corps, Department of the Gulf to August, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, Department of the Tennessee to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps to April, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps to July, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee to November, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 5th Division Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi to July, 1865. Department of Alabama to November, 1865.

 

Service:

Action at Coldwater Station, Miss., June 21, 1862 (Cos. "G," "H," "I," "K," "L"). White Oak Bayou June 23. Expedition from Memphis to Cuba August 10-11 (2d Battalion). Scout toward Holly Springs September 5-6. Olive Branch September 6. Expedition from Memphis to Coldwater and Hernando, Miss., September 8-13. Goldwater Creek September 8. Cockrum's Cross Roads September 9. Coldwater Bridge September 10. Coldwater R. R. Bridge September 12. Scout to Colliersville, Tenn., October 21-24. Shelby Depot October 23. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign November, 1862, to January, 1863. Tallahatchie march November 26-December 12, 1862. About Oxford December 1-3. Water Valley Station December 4. Coffeeville December 5. Ripley December 23. Middleburg, Tenn., and near Bolivar December 24. At Lagrange, Tenn., till April, 1863. Expedition to Covington, Tenn., March 8-12. Covington March 9-10. Scout from Lagrange to Saulsbury March 21-23. Davis Mills Road, near Lagrange, March 24. Expedition from Lagrange to Macon March 28-April 3. Summerville and near Belmont March 29. Grierson's Raid from LaGrange to Baton Rouge, La., April 17-May 2. Garlandsville, Miss., April 24. Union Church April 28. Brookhaven April 29. Wall's Post Office May -. Robert's Ford, Comite River, May 2. Coldwater May 11 (Detachment). Salem May 14 (Detachment). Reconnoissance from Baton Rouge, La., May 13. Scouts on Clinton Road May 14. Expedition from Lagrange, Tenn., to Senatobia, Miss., May 21-26 (Detachment). Senatobia May 23 (Detachment). Action at Plains Store, La., May 21. Siege of Port Hudson, La., May 24-July 9. Clinton June 3-4. Near Holly Springs, Miss., June 16-17 (Detachment). Jackson Cross Roads, La., June 20. Moved from Port Hudson to Memphis, Tenn., July 19-28. Duty at Germantown, Tenn., till November 28. Expedition to Hernando, Miss., August 16-20 (2 Companies). Near Panola August 17. Operations against Chalmers, in North Mississippi and West Tennessee October 4-17. Germantown and Mt. Pleasant October 11. Ingraham's Mills, near Byhalia, Miss., October 12. Quinn and Jackson's Mill October 13. Wyatt's October 13. Germantown, Tenn., October 16. Expedition from Germantown to Chulahoma October 22-24. Operations on Memphis and Charleston R. R. November 3-5. Colliersville, Tenn., November 3. Moscow November 5. Operations against Lee's attack on Memphis and Charleston R.R. November 28-December 10. Louisville, Tenn., November 28. Saulsbury December 3. Wolf Bridge, near Moscow, December 3-4. Lafayette December 4. Scout from Memphis, Tenn., December 10 (Co. "M"). Operations against Forest and Chalmers till February, 1864. Colliersville, Tenn., December 27-28, 1863. Coldwater, Miss., December 29. Scout toward Hernando, Miss., January 3, 1864 (Cos. "I," "K"). Smith's Expedition from Colliersville, Tenn., to Okolona, Miss., February 11-26. West Point February 20. Okolona February 21. West Point February 21. Ivey's Hill, near Okolona, February 22. At Germantown till March 30. Regiment veteranized and Veterans on furlough March 30 to May 11. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., and duty there till July. Guard R. R. at Colliersville to July 10. Coldwater River July 22. Smith's Expedition to Oxford, Miss., August 1-30. Tallahatchie River August 7-9. Hurricane Creek and Oxford August 9. Hurricane Creek August 13-14 and 19. Repulse of Forest's attack on Memphis August 21 (Detachment). At White's Station, Tenn., till October 1. March through West Tennessee to Clifton October, thence to Pulaski, Tenn. Expedition from Memphis to Moscow November 9-13. Nashville Campaign November-December. Shoal Creek, Ala., November 11. On line of Shoal Creek November 16-20. Lawrenceburg, Tenn., November 22. Campbellsville November 24. Columbia, Duck River, November 24-27. Shelbyville November 28. Columbia Ford November 28-29. Mt. Carmel November 29. Franklin November 30. Expedition to Glasgow, Ky., December 5-13. Battle of Nashville December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28. West Harpeth River December 17. Spring Hill December 18. Rutherford Creek December 19. Columbia December 20. Linnville, Buford's Station and Richland Creek, December 24. Anthony's Gap, near Pulaski, December 25. March to Gravelly Springs, Ala., and duty there till February, 1865, and at Eastport, Miss., till July. Moved to Nashville, Tenn., thence to Decatur and Montgomery, Ala., July 3-25. Duty at Demopolis, Montgomery, Opelika and Tuskegee, Ala., till November. Mustered out at Selma, Ala., November 5, and discharged at Springfield, Ills., November 20, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 60 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 8 Officers and 328 Enlisted men by disease. Total 401.

 

 

7th Illinois Cavalry Regiment:

s. LtCol Edward *Prince; Lt/Adjutant Charles Wright *Wills, Henry H. *Eby

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Butler, Ills., and mustered in October 13, 1861. Companies "A," "C," "G" and "I" ordered to Bird's Point, Mo., October 30, 1861. Rest of regiment moved to Bird's Point December 24, thence to Cape Girardeau, Mo., and duty there till February, 1862. Attached to District of Cairo, Ills., to February, 1862. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, District Cairo, to March, 1862. Cavalry Division, Army of Mississippi, to April, 1862. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army Mississippi, November, 1862. Cavalry Right Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Department of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. Grierson's First Brigade, Cavalry Division, Department of the Tennessee, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to March, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps to May, 1863. 4th Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Corps (Detachment), June, 1863. Cavalry Brigade, 19th Army Corps, Department of the Gulf, to August, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to April, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to July, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee, to November, 1864. 1st Brigade, 5th Division Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to November, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 5th Division, Cavalry Corps Military Division Mississippi, to July, 1865. District of Alabama to October, 1865.

 

Service:

Bird's Point, Mo., January 10, 1862. Expedition to Benton January 15-17. Expeditions to Bloomfield and Dallas January 15-17 (De­tachments). Bloomfield February 6. Operations against New Madrid and Island No. 10 February 28-April 8. Four Companies join from Bird's Point, Mo., March. Actions at New Madrid, Mo., March 2-3-4. Expedition to Little River and action at Point Pleasant March 23. Capture of New Madrid March 14 and of Island No. 10 April 8. Expedition to Fort Pillow, Tenn., April 13-17. Moved to Hamburg Landing, Tenn., April 18-22. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Reconnoissance toward Corinth May 8. Reconnoissance on Alabama Road to Sharp's Mills May 10. Reconnoissances to Burnsville and Iuka May 22-23. Tuscumbia Creek May 30. Pursuit to Booneville May 30-June 12. Reconnoissance toward Baldwyn June 3. Blackland June 28 (Co. "K"). Guard Duty on Memphis and Charleston R. R. from Tuscumbia to Decatur, Ala., till December 1. Hatchie River July 5. Trinity, Ala., August 22 (Detachment). Reconnoissance toward Iuka September 16. Burnsville September 17. Battle of Corinth, Miss., October 3-4. Pur­suit to Ripley October 5-12. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign November, 1862 to January, 1863. Reconnoissance toward Col­liersville November 5, 1862. Reconnoissance toward Lamar, Miss., November 5 (2 Cos.). Warsham's Creek November 6. Recon­noissance from Lagrange November 8-9. Lamar and Coldwater November 8. Holly Springs November 13. Near Summerville No­vember 26. Waterword, or Lumpkin's Mills, November 29-30. About Oxford December 1-3. Prophet's and Springdale Bridges De­cember 8. Water Valley Station December 4. Coffeeville December 5. Expedition against Mobile and Ohio R. R. December 14-19. Pontotoc December 18. Ripley December 23. Duty at Lagrange, Tenn., January to April, 1863. Scout toward Rocky Ford January 7 (3 Cos.). Scout toward Ripley, Miss., January 28-30. Reconnoissance near Saulsbury February 2-5. Expedition from Lagrange to Mt. Pleasant and Lamar, Miss., February 13-14. Expedition to Covington March 8-12. Scout to Saulsbury April 5-6 (Cos. "F," "H" and "M"). Scout from Lagrange into Mississippi April 10-11. Grierson's Raid from Lagrange to Baton Rouge, La., April 16-May 2. New Albany, Miss., April 18-19. Garlandsville April 24. Newton Station April 24. Brookhaven April 29. Tickfaw River and Walls' Post Office May 1. Robert's Ford, Comite River, May 2. Expedition from Lagrange to Panola, Miss., May 11-15 (Detachment). Recon­noissance from Baton Rouge, La., May 13. Scouts on Clinton Road, La., May 14. Advance on Port Hudson, La., May 18-24. Plain's Store May 21. Expedition from Lagrange, Tenn., to Senatobia, Miss., May 23 (Detachment). Siege of Port Hudson, La., May 24-July 9. Thompson's Creek, La., May 25. Clinton, La., June 3-4. Operations in Northwest Mississippi June 13-22. (Detachment). Near Holly Springs, Miss., June 16-17 (Detachment). Jackson's Cross Roads, La., June 20. Manchester, Tenn., June 24 (Detachment). Near Bradysville, Tenn., June 24 (Co. "C"). Regiment moved from Port Hudson, La., to Memphis, Tenn., July 19-28. Duty along Memphis and Charleston R. R. and at Germantown, Tenn., till September 30, 1864. Operations in North Mississippi and West Tennessee against Chalmers October 4-17. Salem October 8. Ingraham's Mills, near Byhalla, October 12. Wyatt's, Tallahatchie River, October 13. Scout to Chulahoma October 22-24. Quinn and Jackson's Mill, Coldwater River, November 1 and 3. Operations on Memphis and Charleston R. R. November 3-5. Colliersville, Tenn., November 3. Moscow November 5. Operations against Lee's attack on Mem­phis and Charleston R. R. November 28-December 10. Saulsbury December 3. Wolf Bridge, near Moscow, December 3-4. Lagrange December 13. Operating against Forest and Chalmers till February, 1864. Lamar December 19, 1863. Estenaula December 24. New Castle December 26. Somerville December 26. Lagrange, Tenn., January 2, 1864. Scout from Lagrange to Ripley, Miss., January 23. Smith's Expedition from Colliersville, Tenn., to West Point and Okolona, Miss., February 11-26. West Point February 20. Okolona February 21. Ivey's Hill, near Okolona, February 22. Tippah River February 24. Regiment veteranize at Germantown, Tenn., and Ve­terans on furlough April to June. Return to Memphis, Tenn. Non-Veterans on Sturgis' Expedition from Memphis, Tenn., into Missis­sippi June 1-14. Brice's or Tisamingo Creek, near Gintown, June 10. Ripley June 11. Cross Roads June 18. Okolona June 23. Smith's Expedition to Tupelo, Miss., July 5-21 (Detachment). Harrisonburg, near Tupelo, July 14-15. Smith's Expedition to Oxford, Miss., August 1-30 (Detachment). Tallahatchie River August 7-9. Hurricane Creek and Oxford August 9. Hurricane Creek August 13-14 and 19. Forest's attack on Memphis August 21 (Veterans). March to Clifton, Tenn., thence to Pulaski October 26, and to Shoal Creek, Ala., November 8. Expedition from Memphis to Moscow November 9-13. Nashville Campaign November-December. Shoal Creek, Ala., November 11. On line of Shoal Creek November 16-20. Lawrenceburg November 22. Campbellsville and Lynnville November 24. Columbia Duck River November 24-27. Mt. Carmel November 29. West Harpeth River, Franklin, November 30. Battle of Nash­ville December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28. West Harpeth River, Franklin, December 17. Spring Hill December 18. Rutherford Creek December 19. Columbia December 20. Richland Creek and Lynnville December 24. Anthony's Gap, near Pulaski, December 25. March to Gravelly Springs, Ala., and duty there till February, 1865. At Eastport, Miss., till May. At Okolona, Miss., till July 1, and at Decatur, Ala., till October. Mustered out October 20, 1865, and discharged at Camp Butler, Ills., November 17, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 59 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 267 Enlisted men by disease. Total 334.

 

im Herbst 1862 war LtCol Edward *Prince Regimentskommandeur der 7th Illinois Cavalry.

 

Ab 16.11.1862 während Grant’s Overland Campaign war die 7th Illinois Cavalry der Division Quinby Corps Hamilton in Grant's Army of the Tennessee während Grant's First Vicksburg Campaign (Overland Campaign) während des Vorstoßes auf *LaGrange un­terstellt. Am 18.11.1862 stieß das Regiment auf CS-Vorposten westlich der Straße von Moscow nach Holly Springs (vgl. Bearss, Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., S. 66); am 25.11.1862 war das Regiment westlich von Moscow bei Cannon’s Mill am Wolf River gegen die CS-Cavalry von Col Robert V. Richardson eingesetzt (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vol I S. 68). Nach der Einnahme von Oxford / Mississippi am 2.12.1862 genommen wurde (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vol. I S. 96 mit Karte S. 58) im Zuge des weiteren Angriffs nach Süden durch Hatch’s Brigade, stieß die 7th Illinois Cavalry am 3.12.1862 südlich von Oxford auf einen CS-Vorposten, der unter Gefangennahme von 43 CS-Soldaten überrannt wurde (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vol. I S. 99).

 

Literatur:

- Eby, Henry Harrison: Observations of an Illinois Boy in Battle, Camp and Prisons, 1861-1865 (Mendota / Illinois: by the author, 1910)

- Eby, Henry H.: Letters, May, 12861 - August, 1864, on Civil War Duty in Missouri, Mississippi, and Arkansas (Zitat nach: Hicken, a.a.O., S. 391)

- **Wills, Charles Wright: Army Life of an Illinois Soldier, Including a Day by Day Record of Sherman's Marsh to the Sea; Letters and Diary of the Late Charles W. Wills, Private and Sergeant 8th Illinois Infantry; Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant 7th Illinois Cavalry; Captain, Major and Lieutenant Colonel 103rd Illinois Infantry. Comp and pub. by his sister [Mary E. Kellog] (Washington / D.C.: Globe Printing Co, 1906; Reprint Univ Southern Illinois Press)

 

 

8th Regiment Illinois Cavalry:

s. Col John F. *Farnsworth; Major John L. *Beveridge; Major George Alexander *Forsythe; Captain Daniel W. *Buck (Co. E); Cap­tain A. E. *Dana (Co E); Captain Daniel *Dustin; Captain Elon J. *Farnsworth; Captain Henry J. *Hotopp (Co. D); Captain Philo H. *Judson; Lt Marcellus E. *Jones (Co E); Sgt. Reuben T. *Prentice (Co. M); Sergeant Levi S. *Shaffer (Co. E); Pvt. William H. *Austin (Co. H); Pvt. William F. *Becker, Pvt William *Calkins (Co. M); Pvt Reed *Davis (Co. B);Pvt James O. *Hall; Pvt Thomas B. *Kelley (Co E); Pvt Thomas *Withrow (Co C)

 

Im Sommer 1863 gehörte das Regiment unter Regimentskommandeur Major John L. *Beveridge zur 1st Cavalry Brigade Col Wil­liam *Gamble 1st Cavalry Division BrigGen John Buford Army of the Potomac (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 39; Pfanz: Get­tysburg, a.a.O., S. 454).

 

Overview:

Organized at St. Charles, Ills., and mustered in September 18, 1861. Moved to Washington, D. C., October 13-17. At Meridian Hill till December 17 and at Alexandria, Va., till March, 1862. Attached to Sumner's Division, Army of the Potomac, December, 1861, to March, 1862. Cavalry 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. Stoneman's Light Brigade to June, 1862. Averill's Ca­valry Brigade, 5th Army Corps, to July, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Stoneman's Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac, to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, Pleasanton's Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac, till February, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to June, 1864 (Detachment). Regiment Unattached Defences of Washington, D. C., 22nd Army Corps, to November, 1864. 1st Separate Brigade, 22nd Army Corps, Depart­ment of Washington, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-19, 1862. Reconnoissance to Gainesville March 20. Operations on the Orange and Alexandria R. R. March 28-29. Warrenton Junction March 28. Bealeton Station March 28. Rappahannock Station March 29. Reconnoissance to the Rappahannock April 2. Moved to the Peninsula, Virginia, April 23-May 1. Near Williamsburg May 4. Battle of Williams­burg May 5. Mechanicsville May 23-24. Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, May 31-June 1, Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Ashland June 25 (Detachment). Mechanicsville, Atlee's Station and near Hanover Court House, June 26. Hundley's Corners June 26-27. Garnett's Farm and Gaines' Mill June 27. Despatch Station June 28 (Cos. "E," "K"). Savage Station June 29. White Oak Swamp and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. Reconnoissance from Harrison's Landing July 4. At Harrison's Landing till Au­gust 16. Malvern Hill July 5. Expedition to Malvern Hill July 20-22. Malvern Hill August 5. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Alexandria August 16-23. Falls Church September 3-4. Poolesville, Md., September 7-8. Barnesville September 9. Monocacy Church and Nolansville September 9. Middletown September 10. Sugar Loaf Mountain September 11-12. Frederick September 12. Middle­town September 13. Catoctin Mountain September 13. South Mountain September 14. Boonesborough September 15. Antietam Sep­tember 16-17. Shephardstown Ford September 19. Reconnoissance from Sharpsburg to Shepardstown, W. Va., October 1. Martins­burg October 1. Pursuit of Stuart into Pennsylvania October 9-12. Mouth of Monocacy October 12. Sharpsburg and Hagerstown Pike October 16-17. Purcellsville and near Upperville October 29 (Detachment). Snickersville October 31. Philmont November 1-2. Up­perville November 2-3. Union November 3. Barber's Cross Roads, Chester Gap and Markham November 5-6. Sperryville November 7. Little Washington November 8. Markham Station and Barber's Cross Roads November 10. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., Decem­ber 12-15. Turner's Mills January 30, 1863. Operations in Westmoreland and Richmond Counties February 10-16. Near Dumfries March 15 and 29. Zoar Church March 30. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 8. Stoneman's Raid April 29-May 8. Rapidan Station May 1. Warrenton May 6. Lancaster May 20-21. Clendennin's Raid below Fredericksburg May 20-28. Brandy Station and Beverly Ford June 9. Aldie June 17. Goose Creek June 18. Upperville June 21. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Williamsport July 6-7. Funkstown, Md., July 8. Boonesborough July 8. Chester Gap and Benevola or Beaver Creek, July 9. At and near Funkstown, Md., July 10-13. Falling Waters July 15. Chester Gap July 21-22. Lovettsville July 22. Kelly's Ford July 31-August 1. Near Culpeper August 1-3. Brandy Station August 4. Weaversville August 27. Brandy Station September 8. Raccoon Ford and Stevensburg Septem­ber 10-11. Culpeper and Pony Mountain September 13. Reconnoissance across the Rapidan September 21-23. Liberty Mills Septem­ber 21. Jack's Shop, Madison Court House, September 22. Mitchell's Ford October 7. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Culpeper Oc­tober 9. Raccoon Ford October 10. Morton's Ford October 10. Stevensburg, near Kelly's Ford and Brandy Station, October 11. Fleet­wood or Brandy Station October 12. Oak Hill October 15. Madison Court House October 16. Hazel River October 17. Bealeton Oc­tober 27. Near Catlett's Station October 30. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Warrenton or Sulphur Springs, Jef­fersonton and Hazel River November 8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Parker's Store November 29. Jennings' Farm, near Ely's Ford, December 1. Reconnoissance to Madison Court House January 31, 1864 (Detachment). Veterans on furlough January to March, 1864. Camp at Giesboro Point till May. Patrol duty at Washington, D. C., and scout duty at Fairfax, Va., till April, 1865, having numerous engagements with Mosby's guerrillas and the Black Horse Cavalry. A detachment with Army of the Potomac and participated in the Rapidan Campaign May-June, 1864. Craig's Meeting House, Va., May 5. Todd's Tavern May 5-6. Alsop's Farm May 8. Guinea Station May 18. Salem Church and Pole Cat Creek May 27. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Point of Rocks, Md., July 5. Noland's Ferry July 5. Middletown and Solomon's Gap July 7. Frederick July 7. Frederick July 8 (Detachment). Battle of Monoca­cy July 9. Rockville and Urbana July 9. Near Fort Stevens, D. C., July 11. Along northern defences of Washington, D. C., July 11-12. Rockville July 13. Cockeyville July 18. Philomont July 20. Snickersville July 21. Monocacy Junction July 30. Near Piedmont Octo­ber 9. Near Rectortown October 10. White Plains October 11. Upperville October 28 (Detachment). Operations at Snicker's Gap Oc­tober 28-29 (Detachment). Manassas Junction November 11. Fairfax Station November 26. Scout from Fairfax Court House to Hope­well Gap December 26-27. Scout from Fairfax Court House to Brentsville February 6-7, 1865, and to Aldie and Middleburg February 15-16 (Co. "B"). Operations about Warrenton, Bealeton Station, Sulphur Springs and Centreville March 3-8. Duty about Washington, D. C., till July. Ordered to St. Louis, Mo., thence to Chicago, Ill., and mustered out July 17, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 7 Officers and 68 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 174 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 250.

 

Literatur:

- Beveridge, John L.: "The First Gun at Gettysburg", in: The Gettysburg Papers, Vol. I: 159-180

- Beveridge, John L.: "Illinois Monuments at Gettysburg"; in: Gettysburg Sources, Vol. 3: 1-37

- Dixon, David: Hero of Beecher Island: The Life and Career of George A. Forsyth (8th Illinois Cavalry); (Univ Nebraska Press), 275pp, Illustrations, Maps. The heroic and tragic life of an unusual Union officer who enlisted as a Private in the Chicago Dragoons, served as Aide de Camp to Sheridan, and went on to Brevet Brigadier General in 1868. Valuable insight into the settlement of the West following the war.

- Hard, Abner: History of the Eighth Cavalry Regiment Illinois Volunteers During the Great Rebellion (Aurora / Illinois, 1868; re­printed 1984 by Morningside Press) ( PDF-Datei in Archiv Ref, Dokumente ameridownload)

- Jones, Marcellus E.: Recollections; in: "The Marcellus E. Jones House", unattributed manuscript, “The First Shot,” Gettysburg Na­tion Park Collections

 

 

9th Regiment Illinois Cavalry:

s. LtCol Henry B. *Burgh (Co. S); Pvt Niles Harrison (Co. F); Pvt Jesse *Hawes (Co. I)

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Douglas, Chicago, Ills., and mustered in November 30, 1861. Moved from Chicago to Benton Barracks, Mo., thence to Pilot Knob and to Reeve's Station on Big Black, February 16-27, 1862. Attached to Steele's Division, District of Southeast Missouri, to May, 1862. Unattached Cavalry Curtis' Army of Southwest Missouri, to July, 1862. District of Eastern Arkansas, Depart­ment of Missouri, to December, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd (Cavalry) Division, District Eastern Arkansas, Department of the Tennessee to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, 13th Army Corps, Dept. of the Tennessee, to April, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Ca­valry Division, 16th Army Corps, Department Tennessee to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps to Au­gust, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps to April, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, District West Tennessee, July, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee to November, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 5th Division Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi to July, 1865. District of Ala­bama to October, 1865.

 

Service:

Moved to Jacksonport, Ark., March, 1862, and duty there till June. Action at Cotton Plant May 14. Village Creek May 21. Recon­noissance from Jacksonport toward Augusta and Des Arc May 26-29. Cache River Bridge May 28. Galloway Farm, near Jacksonport, June 2. Waddell's Farm, Village Creek, June 2 (Cos. "A," "C," "K," "M"). Near Jacksonport June 12 (Detachment). Reconnoissance toward Augusta June 23 (Co. "F"). March to Helena, Ark., June 26-July 14. Stewart's Plantation, Village Creek, June 27. Duty at He­lena till April, 1863. Expedition from Helena to Moro November 5-8, 1862 (Detachment). Clarendon August 13. Marianna Novem­ber 7. Lagrange November 8. Expedition from Helena to Grenada, Miss., November 27-December 5. Yocknapatalfa, near Mitchell's Cross Roads, Miss., December 1. Oakland December 3. Expedition to Duvall's Bluff January 9-16, 1863. Moved to Memphis, thence to Germantown, Tenn., April 4-11. Expedition from Lagrange to Senatobia, Miss., May 21-26. Senatobia May 23 and 25. Operations in Northwest Mississippi June 15-25. Near Holly Springs, Miss., June 16-17. Jackson, Tenn., July 13. Scout from Germantown July 16-20. Coldwater July 28. Expedition from Memphis to Grenada, Miss., August 12-23. Grenada August 17. Expedition from LaGran­ge to Toon's Station September 11-16. Montezuma September 16. Operations in North Mississippi and West Tennessee against Chal­mers October 4-17. Lockhart's Mills October 6. Salem October 8. Ingraham's Mills, near Byhalia, October 12. Wyatt's, Tallahatchie River, October 13. Operations on Memphis and Charleston R. R. November 3-5. Colliersville November 3. Moscow November 5. Operations on Memphis and Charleston R. R. against Lee's attack November 28-December 10. Saulsbury December 3. Wolf Bridge, near Moscow, December 3-4. Scout from Colliersville December 4. Near Colliersville December 13 (Detachment). Near Moscow December 27. Colliersville December 27-28. Oak Ridge January 16, 1864. Smith's Expedition from Colliersville to Okolona, Miss., February 11-26. Near Okolona February 18. Aberdeen February 18. New Albany February 18. West Point and New Albany February 20. Okolona February 21. Ivey's Hill, near Okolona, February 22. Regiment veteranized March 16, 1864, and Veterans on furlough till April 27. Sturgis' Expedition into Mississippi June 1-13 (Detachment). Brice's, or Tishamingo Creek, near Guntown, June 10. Ri­pley June 11. Smith's Expedition to Tupelo July 5-21. About Pontotoc July 11. Camargo's Cross Roads, Harrisburg, July 13. Tupelo July 14-15. Old Town Creek July 15. Smith's Expedition to Oxford, Miss., August 1-30. Tallahatchie River August 7-9. Hurricane Creek and Oxford August 9. Hurricane Creek August 13-14 and 19. Operations in West Tennessee and Alabama against Hood, and Nashville (Tenn.) Campaign November December. Expedition from Memphis to Moscow November 9-13. Shoal Creek November 11. On line of Shoal Creek November 16-20. Lawrenceburg November 22. Campbellsville November 24. Columbia, Duck River, November 24-27. Mt. Carmel November 28. Franklin November 30. Battle of Nashville December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28. Brentwood and West Harpeth River December 17. Spring Hill December 18. Franklin Pike, Curtis Creek and Rutherford Creek December 19. Columbia December 20. Lynnville and Richland Creek December 24. Anthony's Gap, near Pulaski, December 25. Expedition from Eastport to Russellsville, Ala., February 19-28, 1865. Tuscumbia February 20. Duty at Huntsville and Florence, Ala., Eastport, Miss., and Gravelly Springs, Ala., till June. Moved to Iuka, Miss., June 23, thence to Decatur, Ala., July 4. To Montgomery and Selma, Ala., thence to Gainesville August 20. Duty in District of Montgomery, Ala., till October. Mustered out at Selma, Ala., October 31, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 45 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 6 Officers and 241 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 293.

 

Literatur:

- Davenport, Edward A. (ed.): History of the Ninth Regiment Illinois Cavalry Volunteers (Chicago, 1888)

 

 

10th Illinois Cavalry Regiment:

 

  • Overview:
  • Organized at Camp Butler, Ill., and mustered in November 25, 1861. Moved to Quincy, Ill., December 20, thence to Benton Barracks, Mo., March 13, 1862. Moved to Springfield, Mo., April 4. Attached to District of Southwest Missouri, Dept. of Missouri, to October, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of the Frontier, Dept. of Missouri, to December, 1862. Unattached, Army of the Frontier, to February, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Army of the Frontier, to May, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, District of Southeast Missouri, to August, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Arkansas Expedition, to December, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Army of Arkansas, to January, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to May, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 7th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Cavalry Division, 7th Army Corps, to February, 1865. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, 7th Army Corps, to April, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Military Division West Mississippi. to May, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Military Division West Mississippi, to July, 1865. Dept. of Texas to November, 1865.
  •  
  • Service:
  • Near Waynesville, Mo., May 31, 1862 (Co. "K"). Neosho May 31. Expedition to Keittsville, Mo., July 8-20. Near Fayetteville, Ark., July 15. Moved to Vera Cruz August 10, to Marshfield August 16, and duty there, operating from Springfield to Cane Hill, Ark., till November 13. Marshfield, Mo., October 20 (Detachment). Clark's Mills, Douglass County, November 7 (Co. "C"). Battle of Prairie Grove, Ark., December 7. 3rd Battalion (Cos. "C," "F," "I" and "M") moved to Fayetteville, Ark., December 8, and duty there till March, 1863, rejoining Regiment in Missouri. Expedition over Boston Mountains to Van Buren December 27-29, 1862 (Cos. "B," "E," "H" and "L"). 2nd Battalion (Cos. "B," "E," "H" and "L") moved to Huntsville January, 1863, and joined Totten. Moved to Flat Creek February, 1863, thence to Rolla, Mo. Scout from Fayetteville to Van Buren January 23-27, 1863 (3rd Battalion). Mulberry Springs January 27. Scout from Fayetteville to Arkansas River February 5-12 (3rd Battalion). Thelkelds' Ferry February 6. Near Van Buren February 10. Operations against Marmaduke April 17-May 2. Jackson April 26. At Pilot Knob till July. Steele's Campaign against Little Rock July 1-September 10. Bayou Metoe, or Reed's Bridge, August 27. Bayou Fourche and capture of Little Rock September 10. Pursuit of Price September 11-13. Near Little Rock September 11. Duty at Little Rock till March, 1864. Steele's Expedition to Camden March 23-May 3. Elkin's Ferry April 3-4. Prairie D'Ann April 9-13. Jenkins' Ferry, Camden, April 15. Near Camden April 20. Jenkins' Ferry, Saline River, April 30. Operations against Shelby north of the Arkansas River May 13-31. Scouts from Huntersville and Clinton June 4-17. Operations in Arkansas July 1-31. Near Huntersville July 8 (Detachment). Near Little Rock July 10 (Detachment). Bayou des Arc July 14. Duty at Little Rock, Pine Bluff and Brownsville and in the Dept. of Arkansas to November, 1865. Expedition from Little Rock to Little Red River August 6-16, 1864. Expedition from Little Rock to Searcy, Fairview and Augusta in pursuit of Shelby August 27-September 6, 1864. Expedition from Pine Bluff September 9-12. Near Monticello September 10 (Detachment). Brewer's House September 11 (Detachment). Expedition from Brownsville to Cotton Plant October 26-November 2 (Detachment). Expedition from Brownsville to Fairview November 28-December 3. Duty in Arkansas till June 6, 1865. Moved to Shreveport, La., June 6-17, thence marched to San Antonio, Texas, July 3-August 1; duty there till November, 1865.

  • 1st Battalion (Cos. "A," "D," "G" and "K") detached and ordered to join Gen. Curtis June 15, 1862. Reported at Jacksonport, Ark., July 4, 1862. Attached to Army of Southwest Missouri and District of Eastern Arkansas to December, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, 13th Army Corps, Dept. of the Tennessee, to May, 1863. Detached Brigade, District of Northeast Louisiana to June, 1863. Unattached, 13th Army Corps, to July, 1863.
  •  
  • Service:
  • March to Helena, Ark., July 4-12, 1862. Action at Cotton Plant, Ark., July 7. Moved to Oldtown Landing August 6, and duty there till October. Moved to Helena October 6. Expedition to mouth of White River November 16-20. Washburn's Expedition to Oakland, Miss., November 27-December 7. Oakland December 3. Arkansas Post, Ark., January 11, 1863. Yazoo Pass Expedition February 24-April 8, 1863. Siege operations against Vicksburg, Miss., April to July. Near Richmond, La., June 6. Milliken's Bend and Young's Point, La., June 6-7. Expedition from Young's Point to Richmond June 14-16. Richmond June 16. Moved to Helena, Ark., July, and rejoined Regiment near Wittsburg, Ark., August 1, 1863. Regiment mustered out November 22, 1865.

  • Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 24 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 262 Enlisted men by disease. Total 290.

 

 

11th Illinois Cavalry Regiment:

s. Captain Thomas *Paul; Sgt. Henry A. *Allen, Pvt. John H. *Renick; Robert G. *Ingersoll

 

Overview:

Organized at Peoria, Ill., and mustered in December 20, 1861. Duty at Peoria till February, 1862. Moved to Benton Barracks, Mo., February 22-March 3, and duty there till March 28. Moved to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March 25-April 1. (1st Battalion to Crump's Landing and joined Lew Wallace's 3rd Division, Army Tennessee.) Attached to 3rd Division, Army Tennessee, to July, 1862. 6th Division, Army Tennessee, to July, 1862 (2nd and 3rd Battalions). District of Memphis, Tenn., to September, 1862. and District of Jackson, Tenn., to November, 1862 (1st Battalion). District of Corinth, Miss., to September, 1862, and District of Jackson, Tenn., to November, 1862 (2nd and 3rd Battalions). Cavalry Brigade, District of Jackson, Left Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. Cavalry Brigade, District of Jackson, 16th Army Corps, to March, 1863. Mizner's Cavalry Brigade, 3rd Division, 16th Army Corps, to June, 1863. 4th Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to August, 1863. Winslow's Cavalry Brigade, 15th Army Corps, to December, 1863. Winslow's Cavalry Brigade, 17th Army Corps, and District of Vicksburg, Miss., to December, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee, to June, 1865. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee, to September, 1865.

 

Service:

Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7, 1862. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Purdy April 29. Pursuit to Booneville May 30-June 12. Coldwater Station, Miss., June 21 (3rd Battalion). Salisbury, Tenn., August 11. Bolivar, Tenn., August 30. Davis Bridge, Hatchie River, Tenn., September 25. Battle of Corinth, Miss., October 3-4. Pursuit to Hatchie River October 5-12. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign November, 1862, to January, 1863. Lexington, Tenn., December 18, 1862. Salem Cemetery, near Jackson, Tenn., December 19. Huntington, Tenn., December 29-30. Parker's Cross Roads, Red Mound, December 30-31. Near Yorkville, Tenn., January 28, 1863. Dyersburg January 30. Operations in Northwest Mississippi June 15-25. Near Holly Springs, Miss., June 16-17. Hudsonville and on Helena Road, Miss., June 21. Bolivar, Tenn., July 10. Expedition from Memphis, Tenn., to Grenada, Miss., August 12-23. Grenada August 17. Expedition from LaGrange to Toone Station September 11-16. Ordered to Vicksburg, Miss., and duty in that District till December, 1864. Expedition from Big Black River to Yazoo City, Miss., September 27-October 1, 1863. Brownsville September 28. Morris Ford, near Benton, September 29. Expedition to Canton October 14-20. Canton Road near Brownsville October 15-16. Near Clinton and Vernon Roads October 16. Bogue, Chitto Creek, October 17. Robinson's Mills, near Livingston, October 17. Livingston Road, near Clinton, October 18. Near Natchez, Miss., December 7. Meridian Campaign February 3-March 2, 1864. Champion's Hill February 4. Jackson February 5. Hillsborough February 6. Brandon February 7. Morton February 8. Meridian February 9-13. Hillsborough February 10. Meridian February 13-14. Canton February 29 (Detachment). Brownsville March 3. Expedition from Vicksburg to Yazoo City May 4-21. (Detachment). Benton May 7 and 9. Expedition from Vicksburg to Pearl River July 2-10. Clinton July 5. Clinton and Jackson July 7. Expedition from Vicksburg to Rodney and Fayette September 29-October 3 (Detachment). Expedition from Natchez to Woodville October 4-11 (Detachment). Woodville Octobcr 5-6. Operations in Issaqueena and Washington Counties October 24-31. Expedition from Vicksburg to Gaines Landing, Ark., and Bayou Macon, La., November 6-8. Expedition from Vicksburg to Yazoo City November 23-December 4. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., December. Grierson's Raid on Mobile & Ohio R. R. December 21, 1864, to January 15, 1865. Franklin Creek December 21-22. Egypt Station December 28, 1864. Franklin January 2, 1865. Expedition from Memphis to Marion, Ark., January 19-22. Marion, Ark., January 20-21, 1865. Duty on Memphis & Charleston R. R. between Memphis and Grand Junction, Headquarters at LaGrange, Tenn., January to September, 1865. Expedition from Memphis to Brownsville, Miss., April 23-26. Mustered out September 30, 1865.


Company "G" served detached as Headquarters Guard, 17th Army Corps, and participated in following: Movements on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25-30, 1863. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18-July 4. Messenger's Ferry, Big Black River, May 29-30 and July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. In Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign June 8 to September 8, 1864. About Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Chattahoochie River July 3-17. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Little Ogeechee River December 4. Station No. 5, Georgia Central R. R., December 4. Siege of Savannah December 10-21.


Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 32 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 8 Officers and 237 Enlisted men by disease. Total 279.

 

Literatur:

- Allen, Henry A.: Diary, 1842-64; Memoirs on duty in Tennessee, Mississippi, n.d. Includes Allen's Civil War Diary, 1861-64, and other materials Martin Litvin (s.u.) donated after editing the book Sergeant Allen and Private Renick

- Litvin, Martin (ed.): Sergeant Allen and Private Renick: A Memoir of the Eleventh Illinois Cavalry Written by Henry Allen, and, From the Papers of Mother Bickerdyke, a Three Volume Civil War Diary for 1862, 1863, 1864. Written by John H. Renick (Gales­burg / Illinois: Wagoner Printing Co., 1971)

 

 

12th Illinois Cavalry Regiment:

s. Col George H. *Chapman; W. M. *Redman, Pvt Alvin W. *Ames (Co. K, F)

 

Overview:

Companies "A," "B," "C," "D," "E" and "G" organized at Springfield, Ill., and mustered in February 24, 1862. Captain Gilmore's Company of Cavalry, Company "A," 32nd Illinois, organized at Camp Butler December 31, 1861; assigned as Company "F." Captain Sheerer's and Captain Barker's Companies, McClellan Dragoons, organized at Chicago, Ill., October, 1861; assigned as Company H." Captain Brown's Company, McClellan Dragoons, organized at Chicago, Ill., October, 1861; assigned as Company "I." Companies "K," "L" and "M" organized at Springfield, Ill., December 30, 1863, to January 12, 1864. Duty at Camp Butler, Ill., guarding priso­ners, till June, 1862. Ordered to Martinsburg, W. Va., June 25. Attached to District of Martinsburg, W. Va., to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 12th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to October, 1862. Defences Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept. to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to November, 1863. Chicago, Ill., to February, 1864. District of St. Louis, Mo., Dept. of Missouri, to March, 1864. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to June, 1864. District of LaFourche, Dept. of the Gulf, to August, 1864. 4th Brigade, Cavalry Division, Dept. of the Gulf, August, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Dept. of the Gulf, to February, 1865. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee, to July, 1865. Dept. of Texas to May, 1866.

 

Service:

Duty at Martinsburg, W. Va., and on the Upper Potomac to September, 1862. Near Martinsburg September 3. Bunker Hill September 3-4. Martinsburg September 6. Darkesville September 7. Williamsport, Md., September 11. Martinsburg September 11-12. Defence of Harper's Ferry, W. Va., September 13-14. Regiment cut way through enemy's lines on night of September 14. Antietam, Md., Sep­tember 16-18. Hagerstown, Md., September 20. Duty on Upper Potomac September 20 to December 8. Williamsport September 21. McCoy's or Russell's Ferry and near Green Springs Furnace October 10. Reconnoissance from Bolivar Heights to Rippon, W. Va., November 9. Dumfries, Va., December 26-27. At Falmouth, Va., till April 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 8. Stone­man's Raid April 29-May 8. Tunstall Station May 4. Aylett's May 5. Raid from Yorktown into Matthews County May 19-23. March to Falmouth, Va., Brandy Station and Beverly Ford June 9. Upperville June 21. Expedition from Yorktown to South Anna Bridge June 23-28 (Detachment). South Anna Bridge June 26 (Detachment). Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Williamsport, Md., July 6. Boons­boro July 8. Benevola or Beaver Creek July 9. At and near Funkstown July 10-13. Falling Waters July 14. Chester Gap July 26. Kel­ly's Ford July 31-August 1. Brandy Station August 1-4. Near Fairfax Court House August 6 (Detachment). Brandy Station and Culpe­per Court House September 7-8. Near Bristoe Station September 12. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Culpeper Court House September 13. Raccoon Ford September 14-16. Stevensburg September 17. Reconnoissance across the Rappahannock September 21-23. Jack's Shop, Madison Court House, September 22. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Raccoon and Morton's Fords October 10. Brandy Station October 11-12. Oak Hill October 15. Rappahannock Station October 27. Moved to Chi­cago, Ill., November 20-28, and duty there till February, 1864. Moved to St. Louis, Mo., February 9, thence moved to New Orleans, La., March 15-April 1. Moved to Red River April 20, arriving at Alexandria April 23. Actions at Alexandria April 28-May 5-8. Bayou Teche, La., May 5-8. Wilson's Landing May 14. Avoyelle's or Marksville Prairie May 15. Mansura May 16. Yellow Bayou May 17. Morganza May 20. Arrived at New Orleans, La., June 1. Moved to Napoleonville June 11, and duty there till October, engaged in picketing and scouting. Near Napoleonville July 29 (Co. "L"). Expedition from Paincoursville to Natchez, Miss., with skirmish Au­gust 15-21 (Cos. "I," "L"). Expedition to Grand Lake, Grand River and Lake Natchez September 7-11. Expedition from Napoleon­ville to Grand River and Bayou Pigeon September 26-30. Moved to Baton Rouge, La., and duty there till November 14. Liberty No­vember 18. Davidson's Expedition against Mobile and Ohio R. R. November 27-December 13. Expedition from Baton Rouge to Clinton December 23-24. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., thence to Memphis, Tenn., and to Gaines' Landing, Ark., January 7-26, 1865. Osban's Expedition through Southern Arkansas and Northern Louisiana January 27-February 14. Duty near Memphis, Tenn., till June. Expedition from Memphis, Tenn., into Northern Mississippi March 3-11. Moved to Alexandria, La., June 15-22, thence mar­ched to Hempstead, Texas, August 8-26. Duty in Eastern Texas till May, 1866. Mustered out May 29, 1866.


Regiment lost during service 38 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 192 Enlisted men by disease. Total 234. 

Predecessor unit: 

ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS McClellan DRAGOONS.


Organized at Chicago, Illinois, October, 1861. Assigned to 12th Illinois Cavalry as Companies "H" and "I," February, 1862, but ser­ved detached till February, 1863. Attached to Stoneman's Cavalry Command, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Blake's Brigade, Ca­valry Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1862. Headquarters Army Potomac to November, 1862. Provost Guard Army of the Potomac to February, 1863, and at Headquarters 3rd and 2nd Divisions Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to November, 1863, partici­pating in the following service: Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till March, 1862. Moved to the Peninsula, Virginia. Pen­insula Campaign, April to August. Siege of Yorktown, Va., April 5-May 4. Near Williamsburg May 4. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Reconnoissance to Hanover Court House May 26. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battles of Mechanicsville June 26. Gaines' Mill June 27. Peach Orchard and Savage Station June 29. White Oak Swamp and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. Campaign in Northern Virginia August 27-September 2. Maryland Campaign September-October. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 17. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March," January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Stoneman's Raid April 29-May 8. Brandy Station and Beverly Ford June 9. Upperville June 21. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3.Williamsport, Md., July 6. Boonsboro July 8. Benevola or Beaver Creek July 9. At and near Funkstown July 10-13. Falling Waters July 14. Chester Gap July 26. Kelly's Ford July 3-Augast 1. Brandy Station August 1-4 and September 7-8. Bristoe Station September 12. Culpeper Court House September 13. Raccoon Ford September 14-16. Stevensburg September 17. Jack's Shop, Madison Court House, September 22. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Raccoon and Mor­ton's Fords, October 10. Brandy Station October 11-12. Oak Hill October 15. Rejoined regiment and moved to Chicago, Ills., No­vember 20-28, 1863. See 12th Illinois Cavalry.

 

Das Regiment nahm am 14./15.9.1862 an der Harper‘s Ferry Expedition und den Cavalry Kämpfen zwischen Cole's Cavalry (1st Ma­ryland), 12th Virginia Cavalry, Loudoun Rangers, 7th Rhode Island Cavalry, 12th Illinois Cavalry, 8th New York Cavalry.

 

Im Sommer 1863 1st Cavalry Brigade Col William *Gamble 1st Cavalry Division BrigGen John Buford Army of the Potomac (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 39; Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 454).

 

Die 8th Illinois Cavalry bildete mit Teilen unter Captain Daniel *Buck am 1.7.1863 in Gettysburg die vorgeschobene Picket Line vor der Front von Buford's Cavalry Division am Chambersburg Pike nahe Marsh Creek westlich von McPherson's Ridge (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 73, 105)

 

Literatur:

- Tischler, Allan L: The History of the Harper‘s Ferry Expedition, September 14 & 15, 1862 (Five Cedars Press, 1993); 345pp; Map­ped Endpapers; Photos; Fold-Out Maps; Index; Biblio; Notes; Appendices. Detail of cavalry actions at Harpers Ferry between Cole's Cavalry (1st Maryland), 12th Virginia Cavalry, Loudoun Rangers, 7th Rhode Island Cavalry, 12th Illinois Cavalry, 8th New York Ca­valry

 

 

13th Illinois Cavalry Regiment:

s. Pvt Andrew Baumer

 

Overview:

Eight Companies organized at Camp Douglass, Ill., October 30, 1861, to February 20, 1862. Consolidated to a Battalion of 3 Compa­nies May 20, 1863. Seven new Companies assigned February, 1864. Regiment moved to Benton Barracks, Mo., December, 1861, and duty there till February, 1862. Attached to District of Southeast Missouri, Steele's Command, February to May, 1862. District of Southwest Missouri to October, 1862. Cavalry Brigade, District of Southeast Missouri, to February, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Army of Southeast Missouri, to March, 1863. District of Southeast Missouri to July, 1863. Reserve Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Army of Southeast Missouri, to August, 1863. Reserve Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Arkansas Expedition, to December. 1863. Unattached 2nd Division, Army of Arkansas, to January, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkan­sas, to May, 1864. Clayton's Cavalry Brigade, 7th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, 7th Army Corps, to January, 1865. Post Pine Bluff, Ark., 7th Army Corps, to August, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty in District of Southeast Missouri February to June, 1862. Joined Gen. Curtis at Jacksonport, Ark., June 1. March to Helena, Ark., June 1-July 14. Grand Haze, White River, July 4. Hill's Plantation, Cache River, Round Hill, Bayou De View July 7. Gaines' Landing, Pittman's Ferry July 20. Cotton Plant July 25. Scout in Wayne, Stoddard and Dunklin Counties, Mo., August 20-27 (Detach­ment). Union Mills August 22. Four Miles August 23. Bloomfield August 24. Camp Pillow August 29. Little River Bridge August 31 (Detachment). Bloomfield September 11. Davidson's Campaign in Southwest Missouri and Northwest Arkansas October, 1862, to May, 1863. Van Buren December 21, 1862. Operations against Marmaduke April 17-May 2. Jackson April 22. White River April 22. Bloomfield April 24. Union City and Chalk Bluffs April 25. Bushy Creek May 28. Near Doniphan June 1 (Detachment). Campaign against Little Rock Ark., July 1-September 10. Harrison's Landing August 6. Near Helena August 8. Grand Prairie and White River August 17. Brownsville August 24-25. Reed's Bridge, Bayou Metoe August 27. Bayou Metoe August 30 and September 4. Austin August 31. Bayou Fourche and capture of Little Rock September 10. Pursuit of Price September 11-13. Near Little Rock September 11. Duty at Little Rock till July, 1864. Batesville October 22, 1863. Pine Bluff November 28. Steele's Expedition from Little Rock to Camden March 23-May 3, 1864. Little Missouri River April 4. Prairie d'Ann April 9-12. Jenkins' Ferry, Camden, April 15. Jenkins' Ferry, Saline River, April 30. Duty at Pine Bluff till August, 1865. Little Rock Road July 30, 1864. Near Pine Bluff July 30 (Detach­ment.) Pine Bluff September 11. Reconnoissance from Pine Bluff toward Monticello and Mt. Elba October 4-11. Scout from Pine Bluff toward Mt. Elba October 24-27 (Detachment). Near Half Way House October 25 (Detachment). Expedition from Helena to Fri­ar's Point, Miss., December 1-5 (Detachment). Scout to Richland December 24-25 (Detachment). Scout from Pine Bluff to Simpson's Plantation December 27-28. Expedition from Pine Bluff January 7-9, 1865, and January 15-19. Expedition from Little Rock to Mt. Elba January 22-February 4. Expedition from Pine Bluff to Duvall's Bluff and skirmish February 9-19. Expedition to Arkansas River February 17-18 (Detachment). Near Bayou Metoe February 17. Scout to Douglass' Plantation February 21-22. Douglass' Plantation February 22. Near Voches February 23. Bayou Metoe February 24 Expedition to McMilley's Farm February 26-28 (Detachment). Skirmish McMilley's Farm February 27 (Detachment). Near Pine Bluff March 4 (Detachment). Expedition to Bass Plantation March 17-20 (Detachment). Expedition to Monticello March 21-23 (Detachment). Expedition to Bayou Bartholomew April 1-4 (Detach­ment). Scout from Pine Bluff to Rodgers' Plantation April 25 (Detachment). Scout from Pine Bluff to Noble's Plantation May 4-6 (Detachment). Scout from Pine Bluff to Johnson's Farm May 15-17. Skirmish on Monticello Road May 16 (Detachment). Scout to Monticello May 23-27. Monticello May 24. Mustered out August 31, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 21 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 360 Enlisted men by disease. 

 

Literatur:

- Behlendorf, Frederick: The History of the Thirteenth Illinois Cavalry Regiment, Volunteers US Army, From September 1861 to September 1865, Grand Rapids, Mich., 1888

 

 

14th Illinois Cavalry Regiment:

 

Overview:

Organized at Peoria, Ills., and mustered in 1st and 2nd Battalions, January 7, 1863. 3rd Battalion February 6, 1863. Moved to Louisville, Ky., March 28-30, 1863 thence to Glasgow, Ky., April 12-17. Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 23rd Army Corps, Dept. of the Ohio, to August, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 23rd Army Corps, to October, 1863. 4th Brigade, 4th Division, 23rd Army Corps, to November, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division Cavalry Corps, Dept. Ohio, to May, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of Kentucky, Dept. Ohio, to June, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Cavalry Division, 23rd Army Corps, to August, 1864. Dismounted Cavalry Brigade, 23rd Army Corps, to September, 1864. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, 23rd Army Corps, to November, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 6th Division Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to December, 1864. 1st Brigade, 6th Division Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, December, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 6th Division Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Scouting in the vicinity of Glasgow, Ky., till June 22, 1863. Action at Celina, Ky., April 19. Lafayette, Tenn., May 11. Kettle Creek May 25. Expedition from Glasgow to Burkesvllle and Tennessee State line June 8-10. Kettle Creek June 9. Moved to Tompkinsville, Ky., June 22. Pursuit of Morgan July 4-26. Buffington Island, Ohio, July 19. March from Louisville to Glasgow July 27-August 6. Burnside's Campaign in East Tennessee August 16-October 17. Occupation of Knoxville, Tenn., September 1. Expedition to Cumberland Gap September 4-9. Rheatown September 12. Kingsport September 18. Bristol September 19. Zollicoffer September 20-21. Jonesborough September 21. Hall's Ford, Watauga River, September 22. Carter's Depot and Blountsville September 22. Blue Springs October 10. Henderson's Mill and Rheatown October 11. Blountsville October 14. Bristol October 15. Warm Springs October 20 and 22. Knoxville Campaign November 4-December 23. Siege of Knoxville November 17-December 5. Near Maynardsville December 1. Walker's Ford, Clinch River, December 2. Reconnoissance to Powder Springs Gap December 2-3. Bean's Station December 14-15. Blain's Cross Roads December 16-19. Clinch River December 21. Dandridge December 24. Talbot's Station December 29. Operations about Dandridge January 16-17, 1864. Kimbrough's Cross Roads January 16. Dandridge January 17. Operations about Dandridge January 26-28. Fair Garden January 27. Fain's Island January 28. Expedition against Thompson's Legion of Whites and Cherokee Indians in North Carolina and action at Deep Creek, N. C., February 2. Flat Creek February 20. Duty in District of Kentucky till June. Action at Cittico May 27. Moved to join Stoneman June 13-19. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign June 28-September 8. Sweetwater Bridge July 3. Raid to Macon July 27-August 6. Macon and Clinton July 30. Hillsboro, Sunshine Church, July 30-31. Sunshine Church and Jug Tavern and Mulberry Creek August 3. Mostly captured. Duty at Marietta, Ga., August. Occupation of Atlanta September 2. Moved to Louisville, Ky., September 15, and duty there refitting till November. Actions at Hardison's Mills October 24. Henryville November 23. Mt. Pleasant November 23. Columbia, Duck River, November 24-27. Crossing of Duck River November 28. Franklin November 30. Battle of Nashville December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28. Duty at Pulaski till July, 1865. Mustered out at Nashville, Tenn., July 31, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 23 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 190 Enlisted men by disease. Total 215.

 

Literatur:

- Capron, Horace: "A Brief Record of the Military Services of General Horace Capron and the 14th Regiment of Illinois Cavalry Vol­unteers." Horace Capron Papers, microfilm copies. State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison

 

 

15th Illinois Cavalry Regiment:

s. Jacob M. *Early

 

Overview:

Organized December 25, 1862, in the field and at Camp Butler, Ill., by assignment of Stewart's Independent Cavalry Battalion, organized at Jackson, Tenn., July, 1862, as Companies "A," "B," "C," "D," "E" and "F." Gilbert's Independent Cavalry Company, 52nd Illinois, organized at Geneva October 25, 1861, as Company "G." Kane County Independent Cavalry Company, organized September 1, 1861, as Company "H." Jenks' Company Dragoons, 36th Illinois, organized at Camp Hammond, Ill., September 23, 1861, as Company "I." Sherer's Company Dragoons, 36th Illinois, organized at Camp Hamilton, Ills., September 23, 1861, as Company "K." Ford's Cavalry Company, 53rd Illinois, organized at Ottawa, Ills., January 1, 1862, as Company "L." Company "K," 1st Illinois Cavalry, assigned as Company "M," but mustered out December 27, 1862.


Regiment attached to District of Columbus, 16th Army Corps, Dept. of the Tennessee, to March, 1863. Cavalry Brigade, District of Corinth, 16th Army Corps, to June, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to August, 1863. Detached Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to December, 1863. Waring's Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to January, 1864. District of Eastern Arkansas, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to January, 1865.

 

Service:

Bath Springs, Miss., January 1, 1863. Monterey, Tenn., January 4. Clifton January 10. Chambers' Creek, near Hamburg, January 13. Near Obion River April 9 (Co. "E"). Expedition from Corinth to Courtland, Ala., and North Alabama April 15-May 8. Burnsville, Ala., April 14. Dickson's Station April 17. Great Bear Creek and Cherokee Station April 17. Dickson's Station April 19. Rock Cut, near Tuscumbia, April 22. Tuscumbia and Florence April 23. Town Creek April 28. Expedition from Burnsville to Tupelo, Miss., May 2-8. King's Creek, near Tupelo, May 5. Obion Plank Road Crossing May - (Co. "E"). Greenville, Miss., May 18 (Detachment). Expedition from Corinth to Florence, Ala., May 26-31. Florence May 28. Hamburg Landing May 30. Smith's Bridge, near Corinth, June 11 (Detachment). Iuka July 7. Duty about Memphis, Tenn., and Columbus, Ky., till January, 1864. Ordered to Helena, Ark. Post and garrison duty at Helena till January, 1865. Expedition from Helena up White River February 4-8, 1864. (Detachment.) Expedition up St. Francis River February 13-14 (Co. "G"). Expedition up White River February 20-26. Wallace's Ferry, Big Creek, July 26. Lamb's Plantation, near Helena, August 12 (Detachment). Operations in Eastern Arkansas August 1-5 (Co. "E"). Scout to Mt. Vernon August 22-25. Expedition up White River August 29-September 3 (Detachment). Kendall's Grist Mill September 3 (Detachment). Non-Veterans mustered out August 25, 1864. Veterans and Recruits consolidated to a Battalion, and consolidated with 10th Illinois Cavalry January 26, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 12 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 122 Enlisted men by disease. Total 137.


Companies "F," and "I" detached and moved to Memphis, thence to Vicksburg, Miss., May 13-20, 1863. Attached to Herron's Division, 13th Army Corps, to July, 1863. Cavalry, 2nd Division, 13th Army Corps, to August, 1863. Cavalry Brigade, 13th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to September, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Gulf, to November, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Gulf, to December, 1863. Unattached Cavalry, Dept. Gulf, to January, 1864. Participated in Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 20-July 4, 1863. Engaged in outpost duty on Big Black River. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Assault on Jackson July 12. Ordered to Dept. of the Gulf with 13th Corps August 17. Western Louisiana Campaign aid operations in the Teche Country October 3-November 30. Reconnoissance toward Opelousas October 20. Opelousas and Barre Landing October 21 (Co. "F"). Company "I" at New Iberia till January 5, 1864, then reported to Gen. Lee as escort. Companies ordered to Illinois on Veteran furlough February 11, and rejoined Regiment at Helena, Ark.


Company "H"-formerly Kane County Cavalry Company (which see)-served detached. Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd (Cavalry) Division, District Eastern Arkansas, Dept. Tennessee, December, 1862. Sherman's Yazoo Expedition to January, 1863. Headquarters Gen. Blair, 15th Army Corps, to August, 1863. Headquarters Arkansas Expedition to January, 1864. Participated in Sherman's Yazoo Expedition December 22, 1862-January 3, 1863. Chickasaw Bayou December 26-28. Chickasaw Bluff December 29. Expedition to Arkansas Post, Ark., January 3-10, 1863. Fort Hindman January 10-11. Reconnoissance toward White River and St. Charles January 13. Moved to Young's Point, La. Duty there and at Milliken's Bend, operating against Vicksburg, Miss., till April. Expedition from Milliken's Bend to Greenville, Black Bayou and Deer Creek April 2-14. Deer Creek April 10. Battle of Jackson, Miss., May 14. Champion's Hill May 16. Siege of Vicksburg May 18-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Ordered to Helena, Ark., July 24. Steele's Expedition against Little Rock, Ark., August 1-September 10. Capture of Little Rock September 10, and duty there till January, 1864. Rejoined Regiment.


Company "K"-formerly Sherer's Independent Company (which see)-served detached at Headquarters, Right Wing 14th Army Corps, Dept. of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. Headquarters 20th Army Corps, Army Cumberland, to October, 1863. Headquarters 11th and 12th Army Corps to April, 1864. Headquarters 20th Army Corps, Army Cumberland, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

At Murfreesboro, Tenn., till June, 1863. Actions at Rover, Tenn., March 15. Salem March 21. Near Murfreesboro March 22. Middle Tennessee or Tullahoma Campaign June 22-July 7. Occupation of Middle Tennessee till August 16. Passage of Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Battle of Chickamauga, Ga., September 19-20. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Battles of Lookout Mountain November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. Ringgold Gap, Taylor's Ridge, November 27. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May to September, 1864. Battle of Resaca May 13-14. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Chattahoochie River July 3-17. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge August 26-September 2. Occupation of Atlanta September 2-November 15. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Mount Elon, S. C., February 27. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro and Raleigh. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D. C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 19. Grand Review May 24.


Predecessor unit:

STEWARTS INDEPENDENT CAVALRY BATTALION:

Organized at Jackson, Tenn., by consolidation of Stewart's Independent Company Cavalry, organized at Cape Girardeau, Mo., August 10, 1861, as Company "A;" Carmichael's Independent Cavalry Company, organized at Cairo, Ill., August 19, 1861, as Company "B;" Dollins' Independent Cavalry Company, organized at Cairo, Ill., August 27, 1861, as Company "C;" O'Harnett's Independent Cavalry Company, organized at Springfield, Ill., September 16, 1861, as Company "D"; Hutchins' Independent Cavalry Company, organized June 26, 1861, as Company "E." Attached to Districts of Jackson, Tenn.. and Corinth, Miss., to November, 1862. District of Corinth, 13th Army Corps (Old), Department of the Tennessee, to December, 1862.

 

Service:

Duty in the Districts of Jackson, Tenn., and Corinth, Miss., Dept. of the Tennessee. to December, 1862. Action at Toone's Station, on Lower Post Ferry, Tenn., July 27, 1862. Near Humboldt, Tenn., July 28. Hatchie Bottom, near Denmark, July 29. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign, November-December. Operations against Forrest in West Tennessee December 18, 1862, to January 3, 1863. Transferred to 15th Illinois Cavalry December 25, 1862, as Companies "A," "B," "C," "D," "E" and "F," which see.
 


CARMICHAEL'S INDEPENDENT CAVALRY COMPANY:

Organized at Camp Butler, Ills., as Cavalry Company "B," 29th Illinois Infantry, and mustered in August 19, 1861. Attached to District of Cairo to February, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Army Tennessee, to July, 1862.

 

Service:

Duty in Military District of Cairo, Ills., till February, 1862. Expedition from Cairo into Kentucky January 16-21, 1862. Operations against Fort Henry, Tenn., February 2-6. Investment and capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 12-16. Moved to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March 6-13. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Raid on Mobile and Ohio R. R. and skirmish at Purdy May 4. March to Bethel and Jackson, Tenn., June 4-7, and duty there till July. Assigned to Stewart's Independent Cavalry Battalion as Company "B," July, 1862, which see.



DOLLINS' INDEPENDENT CAVALRY COMPANY:

Organized at Cairo, Ills., with 31st Illinois Infantry, and mustered in September 18, 1861. Attached to 1st Brigade, Military District of Cairo, to February, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Army Tennessee, to July, 1862.

 

Service:

Duty in District of Cairo, Ills., till February, 1862. Expedition from Bird's Point, Mo., to Belmont, Mo., November 6-7, 1861. Battle of Belmont, Mo., November 7. Expedition from Cairo into Kentucky January 16-21, 1862. Operations against Fort Henry, Tenn., February 2-6. Investment and capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 12-16. Moved to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March 6-13. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Raid on Mobile and Ohio R. R. April 29-May 14, and skirmish at Purdy, Tenn., May 4. March to Purdy and Jackson, Tenn., June 4-7, and duty there till July. Assigned to Stewart's Battalion, Illinois Cavalry, as Company "C," July, 1862, which see.

 


FORD'S INDEPENDENT CAVALRY COMPANY:

Organized at Ottawa, Ills., with 53rd Illinois Infantry, January 1, 1862. Attached to District of Columbus, Ky., to November, 1862. District of Corinth, Miss., 13th Army Corps (Old), Department of the Tennessee, to December, 1862.

 

Service:

Duty in District of Columbus, Ky., till September, 1862, and in District of Corinth, Miss., till December. Action at Davis' Bridge, Hatchie River, September 25, 1862. Battle of Corinth October 3-4. Pursuit to Hatchie River October 5-12. At Corinth till December. Raid from Corinth to Tupelo, on Mobile and Ohio R. R., December 13-19. Assigned to 15th Illinois Cavalry as Company "L." December 25, 1862, which see.



GILBERT'S INDEPENDENT CAVALRY COMPANY:

Organized at Geneva, Ills., with 52nd Illinois Infantry, October 25, 1861. Attached to Dept. of Missouri to March, 1862. 2nd Division, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1862. District of Corinth, Miss., to December, 1862.

 

Service:

Moved to St. Louis, Mo., December 8, 1861; thence to Cairo, Ills., January 16, 1862, and to Smithland, Ky., January 24. Moved to Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 10-17. Guard prisoners from Fort Donelson to Chicago, Ills., February 18-March 6. Moved to St. Louis, Mo., March 6-7, thence to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March 20-30. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Pursuit to Rooneville May 30-June 12. Duty in District of Corinth till December. Battle of Corinth October 3-4. Pursuit to Ripley October 5-12. Assigned to 12th Illinois Cavalry as Company "H" August, 1862, but changed to 15th Illinois Cavalry as Company "G" December 25, 1862, which see.



HUTCHINS' INDEPENDENT CAVALRY COMPANY:

Organized with 27th Illinois Infantry August 10, 1861. Moved to Cairo, Ills., July 1. Duty in Military District of Cairo till March, 1862. Duty at Fort Holt, Ky. Expedition into Kentucky January 16-21, 1862. Occupation of Columbus March 3. Operations against New Madrid and Island No. 10 March and April. Expedition to Union City, Tenn., March 30-April 2. Moved to Humboldt, Tenn., thence to Corinth, Miss. Assigned to Stewart's Independent Battalion Illinois Cavalry as Company "E," July, 1862, which see.


JENKS' INDEPENDENT CAVALRY COMPANY:

Organized at Aurora, Ills., as Cavalry Company "A," 36th Illinois, and mustered in September 23, 1861. Moved to St. Louis, Mo., thence to Rolla, Mo., September 24-29, and duty there till January, 1862. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Army of Southwest Missouri, to June, 1862. Cavalry Army of Mississippi to October, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Army Mississippi, to November, 1862. District of Corinth, Miss., 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862.

 

Service:

Expedition against Freeman's Forces November 1-9, 1861. Curtis' Campaign in Missouri and Arkansas against Price, February and March, 1862. Advance on Springfield, Mo., February 2-13. Pursuit of Price into Arkansas February 14-29. Battles of Pea Ridge, Ark., March 6-8. At Keytesville till April 5. March to Batesville April 5-May 3. Moved to Cape Girardeau, Mo., May 11-22, thence to Hamburg Landing, Tenn., May 23-29. Occupation of Corinth, Miss., May 30, and pursuit to Booneville May 30-June 6. Duty at Rienzi till September. Battle of Iuka, Miss., September 19. Battle of Corinth, Miss., October 3-4. Pursuit to Hatchie River October 5-12. Grant's Mississippi Central Campaign November-December. Assigned to 15th Illinois Cavalry as Company "I," December 25, 1862. See 15th Cavalry.



DODSON'S KANE COUNTY INDEPENDENT COMPANY CAVALRY:

Organized September 1, 1861. Attached to Dept. of Missouri to April, 1862. Steele's Command, District of Southeast Missouri, to May, 1862. 1st Division, Army of Southwest Missouri, to July, 1862. District of Eastern Arkansas, Dept. of Missouri, to December, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd (Cavalry) Division, District of Eastern Arkansas. Dept. Tennessee, December, 1862.

 

Service:

Duty in Missouri and guarding Iron Mountain R. R. till March, 1862. Ordered to Pilot Knob, Mo. Moved to Reeve's Station, Black River, March 23-27, thence to White River, Ark., April 19. March to Batesville, thence to Helena, Ark., May 25-July 13. Hill's Plantation, Cache River and Cotton Plant, July 7. Duty at Helena till December. Assigned to 15th Illinois Cavalry as Company "H," December 25, 1862, which see.



O'HARNETT'S INDEPENDENT CAVALRY COMPANY:

Organized at Camp Butler, Ills., with 30th Illinois Infantry, and mustered in August 28, 1861. Moved to Cairo, Ills., September 1, 1861. Attached to Military District of Cairo to February, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1862.

 

Service:

Duty in the Military District of Cairo, September, 1861, to February, 1862. Expedition from Cairo into Kentucky January 16-21, 1862. Operations against Fort Henry, Tenn., February 2-6. Investment and capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 12-16. Moved to Pittsburg Landing March 6-13. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and Siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Raid on Mobile and Ohio R. R. and skirmish at Purdy, Tenn., May 7. Moved to Bethel and Jackson, Tenn., June 4-7 and duty there till July. Assigned to Stewart's Illinois Cavalry Battalion July, 1862, which see.



SHERER'S INDEPENDENT CAVALRY COMPANY:

Organized at Aurora, Ill., as Company "B" Cavalry, 36th Illinois Infantry, and mustered In September 23, 1861. Moved to St. Louis, Mo., thence to Rolla, Mo., September 24-29 and duty there till January, 1862. Attached to Army of the West to January, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Army of Southwest Missouri, to February, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Army of Southwest Missouri. to June, 1862. Cavalry, Army of Mississippi, to September, 1862. 9th Division, Army Ohio, to October, 1862. 9th Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army Ohio, to November. 1862. Headquarters Right Wing 14th Army Corps to December, 1862.

 

Service:

Expedition against Freeman's forces November 1-9, 1861. Curtis' Campaign against Price in Missouri and Arkansas February and March, 1862. Advance to Springfield, Mo., February 2-13. Pursuit of Price into Arkansas February 14-29. Battles of Pea Ridge, Ark., May 6-8. At Keytesville till April 5. March to Batesville April 5-May 3. Moved to Cape Girardeau. Mo., May 11-22, thence to Hamburg Landing, Tenn., May 23-29. Occupation of Corinth, Miss., May 30. Pursuit to Booneville May 30-June 6. Duty at Rienzi till September 6. Moved to Covington, Ky., thence to Louisville, Ky., September 6-19. Pursuit of Bragg into Kentucky October 1-16. Battle of Perryville, Ky., October 8. Lancaster, Ky., October 16. March to Nashville, Tenn., October 16-November 7. Expedition from Edgefield to Harpeth Shoals and Clarksville November 25-December 1. Clarksville November 25. Advance on Murfreesboro, Tenn., December 26-30. Nolinsville, Knob Gap, November 26. Battle of Stones River, Tenn., December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Company assigned to 15th Illinois Cavalry as Company K, December 25, 1862, which see.


SMITH'S INDEPENDENT CAVALRY COMPANY:

(See Sherer's Independent Cavalry Company.)



STEWART'S INDEPENDENT CAVALRY COMPANY:

Organized at Cape Girardeau, Mo., August 10, 1861, under authority of Gen. Fremont. Attached to District of Cairo to February, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division. Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1862.

 

Service:

Duty at Cape Girardeau, Bird's Point and Cairo till February, 1862. Skirmish at Huntley's Farm, near Belmont, Mo., September 26, 1861. Lucas Bend September 26. Operations about Ironton and Fredericktown October 12-25. Engagement at Fredericktown October 21. Expedition from Cairo into Kentucky January 10-21, 1862. Operations against Fort Henry, Tenn., February 2-6. Investment and capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 12-16. Moved to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March 6-13. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Raid on Mobile and Ohio R. R. and skirmish at Purdy, Tenn., May 4. Moved to Bethel and Jackson, Tenn., June 4-7 and duty there till July. Assigned to Stewart's Independent Cavalry Battalion July, 1862, which see.

 

 

16th Illinois Cavalry Regiment:

s. Captain Joseph *Adams (Co. C/F); John *McElroy, Pvt William *Becker (Co. D)

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Butler, near Springfield, Ills., January to April, 1863, by assignment of Thielman's Independent Cavalry Battalion as Companies "A" and "B." Schambeck's Independent Cavalry Company as Company "C." Company "D" organized March 27, 1863. Company "E," originally organized for 17th Illinois Cavalry, assigned as Company "E." Company "F," organized January 2, 1863. Company "G," organized May 21, 1863. Company "H" organized February 17, 1863. McClellan's Body Guard, organized January 21 to April 16, 1863, assigned as Companies "I," "K" and "L." Company "M" organized May 19, 1863. Duty at Camp Butler, near Springfield, Ills., till October, 1863. (Cos. "A" and "B," Thielman's Battalion, and Co. "C," Schambeck's Company, served detached. For history, see these organizations.) Ordered to Covington, Ky., October 16, 1863, thence to Knoxville, Tenn. Attached to Cumber­land Gap, Tenn., Left Wing forces, Dept. of Ohio, to January, 1864. District of the Clinch, Dept. Ohio, to February, 1864. Camp Nel­son, Ky., 23rd Army Corps, Dept. of Ohio, to April, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division Cavalry Corps, Dept. Ohio, to May, 1864. 1st Brigade, Stoneman's Cavalry Division, 23rd Army Corps, Army Ohio, to June, 1864. Detached Cavalry Brigade, 3rd Division, 23rd Army Corps, to August, 1864. Dismounted Cavalry Brigade, Cavalry Division, 23rd Army Corps, to September, 1864. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, 23rd Army Corps, to November, 1864. 1st Brigade, 6th Division Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to August, 1865.

 

Service:

Moved to Cumberland Gap, Tenn., and garrison duty there till February, 1864. Actions at Jonesville, Va., December 13, 1863, and Ja­nuary 3, 1864. Near Stickleyville, Powell Run, December 13, 1863 (Co. "E"). At Camp Nelson, Ky., February to April, 1864. Moved to Red Clay, Ga., April 28-May 10. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign, May to September. Action at Varnell Station May 12. Battle of Resaca May 13-15. Advance on Dallas May 18-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills, May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Lost Moun­tain June 15-17. Muddy Creek June 17. Noyes Creek June 19. Cheyney's Farm June 27. Olley's Creek June 26. Assault on Kene­saw June 27. (Assigned to 3rd Division, 23rd Army Corps, June 21.) Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Detached as Provost Guard 23rd Army Corps, August 16. At Decatur till September 14. Ordered to Ni­cholasville, Ky., September 14, to refit. Moved to Nashville, Tenn., October 22, thence moved to Pulaski, Fayetteville and Waynesbo­ro. Nashville Campaign November-December, Henrysville and Mt. Pleasant November 23. Columbia, Duck River, November 24-27. Maury's Mills and crossing of Duck River November 28. Battle of Franklin November 30. Battle of Nashville December 15-16. Pur­suit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28. Franklin and West Harpeth River December 17. Spring Hill December 18. Ru­therford Creek December 19. Anthony's Gap, near Pulaski, December 25-26. At Pulaski till March, 1865, and at Springfield till May. Duty at Pulaski, Holton, Courtland and Decatur, Ala., till August. Mustered out August 19, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 30 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 228 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 262.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Adams, Joseph: „Dear wife“: Captain Joseph Adams' letters to his wife, Eliza Ann, 1861-1864/ Jean Anne W Hudder, editor. ­ [S.l.] : J.A.W Hudder, cl985. ­ 170 p., [66] leaves of plates: facsims. Library of Congress, Washington/CC E505.5 15th.A33 1985 1861-1864. Bibliography

 

- McElroy, John (16th Illinois Cavalry): Andersonville: A Story of Rebel Military Prisons, Fifteen Month a Guest of the Socalled Southern Confederacy Toledo, 1879 ). 654 pp. Nevins calls this "Well-written, gripping, and very detailed; but reliance on memory and bitterness often distort the facts. This very popular narrative influenced many other

prisoners' accounts."

 

 

17th Illinois Cavalry Regiment:

s. 2ndLt William H. *Austin (Co. G)

 

Overview:

Organized at St. Charles, Ills., and 8 Companies mustered in January 28, 1864. Four Companies mustered in February 12, 1864. Moved to St. Louis, Mo., May 3, 1864. Equipped at Jefferson Barracks and moved to Alton, Ill. Guard prisoners there till August. 1st Battalion, Cos. "A," "B," "C," "D," ordered to St. Louis June, 1864, thence to District of North Missouri. Engaged in Escort and Provost duty at St. Joseph and Weston, Mo., till June, 1865. Cos. "C" and "D" moved to Jefferson City September, 1864. Defence of Jefferson City October 6-7. Joined Regiment. 2nd Battalion "E," "F," "G" and "H" - ordered from Alton, Ills., to Glasgow, Mo., June, 1864, and duty there operating against Thornton's Command till September. Skirmish at Allen July 23 (Co. "G"). Huntsville July 24 (Co. "F"). Dripping Springs August 15-16 (Co. "F"). Columbia August 16 (Co. "F"). Rocheport August 20 (Co. "F"). Battalion moved to Rolla, Mo., arriving September 23, 1864. 3rd Battalion at Alton, Ills., till August, 1864. Moved to Benton Barracks, thence to Rolla, Mo., arriving there September 19. Operations against Price's invasion of Missouri September to November. Cover Ewing's retreat from Pilot Knob to Rolla, September 27-30. Moved to Jefferson City, Mo. Defence of Jefferson City October 6-7. Moreau Bottom October 7. Booneville October 9-12. Glasgow October 15. Little Blue October 21. Independence October 22. Hickman's Mill October 23. Mine Creek, Little Osage, Marais des Cygnes, Kansas, October 25. Returned to Springfield, Mo., thence moved to Cassville and Rolla, arriving November 15. Duty there till January, 1865. At Pilot Knob, Mo., till April, and at Cape Girardeau till June. Moved to Kansas and duty on the Plains till November. Mustered out Companies "C," "E," "I" and "M," November 23, and rest of Regiment December 15 to 22, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 7 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 86 Enlisted men by disease. Total 94.

 

 

18th Regiment, Illinois Cavalry:

 

Overview:

"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.

 

 

Barker's Company, McClellan Dragoons, Illinois Cavalry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Chicago, Ills., April 19, 1861. Moved to Camp Defiance, Cairo, Ills., and duty there till June. Ordered to Clarksburg, W. Va., to join McClellan as escort, and arrived there June 23. Skirmish at Buckhannon June 30. West Virginia Campaign July 6-17. Battle of Rich Mountain July 10. Duty in West Virginia till September. Mustered out September, 1861.

 

 

Evans' Independent Company, Illinois Cavalry (Egyptian Guards):

 

Overview:

"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.

 

 

McClellan Dragoons, Squadron, Illinois Cavalry:

 

Overview:

"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.

 

 

Stewart's Independent Cavalry Battalion:

 

 

Thielman's Independent Cavalry Battalion:

 

 

Carmichael's Independent Cavalry Company:

 

 

Dollin's Independent Cavalry Company:

 

 

Ford's Independent Cavalry Company:

 

 

Gilbert's Independent Cavalry Company:

 

 

Hutchin's Independent Cavalry Company:

 

 

Jenks's Independent Cavalry Company:

 

 

Dodson's Cane County Independent Cavalry Company:

 

 

Marx's Independent Cavalry Company:

 

 

McClernand's Body Guard:

 

 

Naughton's Irish Dragoons:

 

 

O'Harnett's Independent Cavalry Company:

 

 

Schambeck's Independent Cavalry Company:

 

- Internet Datei Archiv 9, US-Truppenteile Illinois Cavalry

 

 

Sherer's Independent Cavalry Company:

 

 

Smith's Independent Cavalry Company:

 

 

Stewart's Independent Cavalry Company:

 

 

Carmichael's Independent Cavalry Company:

 

 

Thielman's Independent Cavalry Company:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d. Artillery:

 

 

1st Regiment Illinois Light Artillery:

s. Battery A - Battery M

 

s. Pvt Theodore *Becker (Co. H), Pvt E. *Colby, jr; James Battersley *Day; Edward Sherman *Hills; Pvt Timothy M. *Blaisdell (Battery B)

 

Overview:

First known as Smith's Chicago Light Artillery. Entered State service for three months, April 17, 1861, and moved to Cairo / Ills., with Swift's Cairo Expedition. Capture of steamers C. E. Hillman and J. D. Perry, and seizure of arms and munitions of war bound south, April 25. Duty at Cairo. Ills., till July. Reorganized at Cairo, Ill., for three years, July 16, 1861, as Battery "A," 1st Illinois Light Artil­lery. Attached to District of Cairo to February, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, District of Cairo, February, 1862. 3rd Bri­gade, 3rd Di­vision, District of Cairo, March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Army of the Tennessee, to April, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, District of Memphis, Tenn., to November, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, Right Wing 15th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee. November, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, District of Memphis, Tenn., 13th Army Corps, to December, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, Sherman's Yazoo Expedition, to January, 1863. Artillery, 2nd Division, 15th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to November, 1864. Garrison Artillery Nashville, Tenn., to December, 1864. Ar­tillery Re­serve, Chattanooga, Tenn., Dept. of the Cumberland, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty in Military District of Cairo till February, 1862. Operations at Ironton-Fredericktown, Mo., October 12-25, 1861. Engagement at Fredericktown October 21. Expedition from Paducah, Ky., to Fort Henry, Tenn., January 15-25, 1862. Operations against Forts Henry and Heiman, Tenn., February 2-6. Investment and capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 12-16. Expedition to Clarksville and Nashville, Tenn., February 22-March 1. Moved to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March 1-10. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. March to Memphis, Tenn., June 3-July 21. Duty at Memphis till November. Expedition from Memphis to Coldwater and Hernando, Miss., September 8-13. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign November-December. "Tallahatchie March," November 26-December 12. Sherman's Yazoo Expedition December 20, 1862, to Janua­ry 3, 1863. Chickasaw Bayou December 26-28. Chickasaw Bluff December 29. Expedition to Arkansas Post, Ark., January 3-10, 1863. Assault and capture of Fort Hindman, Arkansas Post, January 10-11. Moved to Young's Point, La., January 17, and duty there till March. Expedition to Rolling Fork, via Muddy, Steele's and Black Bayous and Deer Creek, March 14-27. Demonstration on Hai­nes' and Drumgould's Bluffs, April 29-May 2. Movement to join army in rear of Vicksburg, Miss., via Richmond and Grand Gulf, May 2-14. Battle of Jackson, Miss., May 14. Champion's Hill May 16. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicks­burg May 19 and 22. Surrender of Vicksburg July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Siege of Jackson, Miss., July 10-17. At Big Black till September 26. Movement to Memphis, thence march to Chattanooga, Tenn., September 26-November 20. Operations on Memphis and Charleston R. R. in Alabama October 20-29. Bear Creek, Tuscumbia, October 27. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Tunnel Hill November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. March to relief of Knoxville, Tenn., November 28-De­cember 17. At Scottsboro, Ala., till May, 1864. Expedition from Scottsboro toward Rome, Ga., January 25-February 5, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May to September. Demonstration on Resaca May 8-13. Battle of Resaca May 13-15. Advance on Dallas May 18-25. Operations on Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about DallasNew Hope Church and Allatoona Hills, May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoo­chie River July 6-17. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Ezra Chapel, Hood's second sortie, July 28. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations in North Georgia and North Alabama against Hood, September 29-October 28. Ordered to Nashville, Tenn., October 28, and garrison duty there, and at Chattanooga. Tenn., till June, 1865. Mustered out at Chicago, Ills., July 3, 1865.


Battery lost during service 15 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 22 Enlisted men by disease. Total 37.
 

 

 

 

Battery "A", 1st Regiment Light Artillery:

s. Lt P. P. *Wood (Wood's Battery); die Battery war bei der Eroberung von *Fort Donelson eingesetzt und gehörte zur 3rd Division BrigGen Lew, Wallace in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Grant, U. S.: The Opposing Forces at Fort Donelson; in: B&L, vol. I, a.a.O., S. 429).

 

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Illinois, First Artillery, Battery A Association, First Reunion of Battery A (Chicago, 1885)

- **Kimball, Charles Bell: History of Battery ‘A’ First Illinois Light Artillery Volunteers (Chicago, 1899)

 


Battery "B", 1st Regiment Illinois Light Artillery (Barrett’s Battery):

s. Captain Samuel E, *Barrett; 1stLt. Timothy M. *Blaisdell; Lewis F. *Lake

 

Service:

Duty at Cairo, Ills., and Bird's Point, Mo., till February, 1862. Operations about Ironton and Fredericktown, Mo., October 12-25, 1861. Engagement at Fredericktown October 21. Expedition to Belmont November 6-7. Battle of Belmont, Mo., November 7. Re­connoissance of Columbus, Ky., January 10-22, 1862. Operations against Fort Henry, Tenn., February 2-6. Capture of Fort Henry Fe­bruary 6. Investment and capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 12-16. Moved to Savannah, Tenn. Expedition to Yellow Creek and occupation of Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March 14-17. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Corinth Road April 8. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 26-May 30. Action at Russell House May 17. March to Memphis, Tenn., June 1-July 21. Duty at Mem­phis till November. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign, "Tallahatchie March," November 25-December 14. Sherman's Yazoo Ex­pedition December 20, 1862, to January 3, 1863. Chickasaw Bayou December 26-28. Chickasaw Bluff December 29. Expedition to Arkansas Post, Ark., January 3-10, 1863. Assault and capture of Fort Hindman,Arkansas Post, January 10-11. Moved to Young's Point, La., January 17, and duty there till March. Expedition to Rolling Fork, via Muddy, Steele's and Black Bayous and Deer Creek, March 14-27. Demonstrations on Haines' and Drumgould's Bluffs April 29-May 2. Movement to join army in rear of Vicksburg, Miss., via Richmond and Grand Gulf, May 2-14. Battle of Jackson, May 14. Battle of Champion's Hill May 16. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Richmond, La., June 15. Surrender of Vicksburg July 4. At Big Black River till September 26. Movement to Memphis, Tenn., thence to Chattanooga, Tenn., September 26-November 21. Operations on Memphis & Charleston R. R. in Alabama October 20-29. Bear Creek, Tuscumbia, October 27. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign No­vember 23-27. Tunnel Hill November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. March to relief of Knoxville, Tenn., November 28-De­cember 17. Duty at Larkinsville, Ala., till May, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.). Campaign May 1 to July 12. Demonstrations on Resaca May 8-13. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Advance on Dallas May 18-25. Battles about Dallas May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoochie River July 6-12. Ordered to the rear for muster out July 12. Mustered out July 23, 1864, expiration of term. Veterans and Recruits transferred to Batte­ry "A," 1st Light Artillery.


Battery lost during service 9 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 17 Enlisted men by disease. Total 27.

Battery reorganized March, 1865, by assignment of Bridges' Independent Battery Light Artillery. Attached to garrison artillery at Nashville, Tenn., Dept. of the Cumberland, to July, 1865. Mustered out July 6, 1865. 

 

Die Battery gehörte im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh zur Divisionsartillerie in 5th Division BrigGen William T. Sherman; am Morgen des 6.4.1862 eingesetzt gegen den CS-Durchbruch durch Sherman’s Front (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 160). Hierbei schlug die Battery durch schwerem Canisterbeschuß den Angriff der 5th Tennessee Infantry zurück (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 163 mit Karte S. 165).

 

Nach dem Zusammenbruch der 3rd Brigade Hildebrand 5th Division Sherman mußte sich auch Barrett's Battery zurückziehen (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 171).

 

Gegen 11:30 wurde Barrett's Battery von US-Artilleriechef Col Ezra Taylor in einem Artillerieschwerpunkt, der neun Geschütze um­faßte, im südlichen Teil von Jones Field gegen den bevorstehenden CS-Durchbruch auf der rechten US-Front eingesetzt. Es kam zu einem Artillerieduell mit der CS-Artillery im nördlichen Woolf Field bestehend aus Cobb's Kentucky Battery sechs Geschützen und dem verbliebenen Geschütz von Polk's Battery. Nachdem sich die US-Artillery schließlich gegen 12:00 verschossen hatte, mußte sie zurückgenommen werden (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 186-188 mit Karte S. 187).

 

Literatur:

- **Blaisdell, Timothy M.: Letters (USMHI, Civil War Times Collection)

- Lake, Lewis F.: “My War Service as a Member of Taylor’s Battery, Company B, 1st Illinois Light Artillery (Manuscript, Illinois State Historical Society, Springfield / Illinois)

- MOLLUS / Illinois Commandery vol. 13D (1923), S. 91-94: "Samuel Eddy Barrett"

Organized at Chicago, Ills., for three months' service and mustered into United States service May 2, 1861. Moved to Cairo, Ills., June 1. Duty at Cairo and Bird's Point, Mo., till July. Reorganized for three years' service at Cairo, Ills., July 16, 1861. Attached to Military District of Cairo, Ills., to October, 1861. 3rd Brigade, Military District of Cairo, to February, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Divisi­on, District of Cairo, February, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, District of West Tennessee and Army of the Tennessee, to April, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, Army Tennessee, to July, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, District of Memphis, Tenn., to November, 1862. Artil­lery, 5th Division, District of Memphis, Right Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. Artillery, District of Memphis, 2nd Division, 13th Army Corps, December, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division Sherman's Yazoo Expedition, to Janua­ry, 1863. Artillery, 2nd Division, 15th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1864.



Battery "C", 1st Regiment Light Artillery "Houghtailing's":

 

Organized at Ottawa, Ill., and mustered in October 31, 1861. Ordered to Cairo, Ill. Attached to Military District of Cairo to October, 1861. 3rd Brigade, District of Cairo, to February, 1862. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, District of Cairo, February, 1862. Artillery Divisi­on, Army of Mississippi, to April, 1862. Artillery 1st Division, Army Mississippi, to September, 1862. Artillery, 13th Division, Army Ohio, to November, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Right Wing 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. Ar­tillery, 2rd Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1863. Artillery, 1st Division, 14th Army Corps, to July, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 14th Army Corps, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty in the Military District of Cairo, Ill., till February, 1862. Operations against New Madrid, Mo., and Island No. 10, Mississippi River, February 28-April 8. Action and capture at Tiptonville April 8. Expedition to Fort Pillow, Tenn., April 13-17. Moved to Pitts­burg Landing, Tenn., April 17-23. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Action at Farmington May 3. Recon­noissance toward Corinth May 8. Engagement at Farmington May 9. Occupation of Corinth May 30, and pursuit to Booneville May 21-June 12. Reconnoissance toward Baldwyn June 3. At Corinth till July 21. Moved to Iuka, Miss., July 21, thence to Courtland, Ala., and duty along Memphis and Charleston R. R. till September 3. March to Nashville, Tenn., September 3-12. Action at Columbia September 9. Siege of Nashville September 12-November 7. Repulse of Forrest's attack on Edgefield November 5. Lavergne Novem­ber 7. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26-30. Battle of Stone's River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Duty at Murfreesboro till June. Middle Tennessee or Tullahoma Campaign June 22-July 7. Occupation of Middle Tennessee till August 16. Passage of Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River and Chickamauga, Ga. Campaign August 16-September 22. Battle of Chickamauga, Ga., September 19-20. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 24-November 23. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Mission Ridge November 24-25. At Rossville, Ga., till May, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 8. Rocky Faced Ridge May 8-11. Buzzard's Roost Gap May 8-9. Advance on Dallas May 18-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about DallasNew Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kene­saw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Station and Vi­ning Station July 4. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Utoy Creek August 5-7. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Pursuit of Hood into Alabama October 1-26. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D. C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June. Mustered out June 14, 1865.


Battery lost during service 15 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 19 Enlisted men by disease. Total 34. 


Battery "D", 1st Regiment Light Artillery; McAllister’s Battery:

s. Captain Edward *McAllister; Pvt Isaac I. *Lester (Co. D)

 

Organized at Cairo, Ill., and mustered in July 30, 1861. Ordered to Fort Holt, Ky., September 18, and duty there till February, 1862. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, District of Cairo, February, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, District of West Tennessee, and 1st Division, Army Tennessee, to July, 1862. 1st Division, District of Jackson, Tenn., to November, 1862. District of Jackson, 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, November, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, Right Wing 13th Army Corps, to December, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, 17th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to November, 1864. Artillery Reserve, Nashville, Tenn., to December, 1864. Garrison Artillery, Clarksville, Tenn. 5th Sub-District, District Middle Tennessee, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Operations against Fort Henry, Tenn., February 2-6, 1862. At Fort Henry February 6-12. Investment and capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 12-16. Moved to Savannah, Tenn., March 5-13, thence to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March 23-25. Battle at Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. March to Purdy and Jackson, Tenn., June 5-8, and duty in District of Jackson till November. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign November 2, 1862, to January 10, 1863. At Memphis, Tenn., till February 20. Moved to Lake Providence, La., February 20-24, thence to Berry's Landing March 16, and to Milliken's Bend April 19. Advance on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25-30. Battle of Port Gibson May 1. Reserve, Raymond May 12. Jack­son May 14. Battle of Champion's Hill May 16. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Occupation of Vicksburg July 4 to November 6. Stevenson's Expedition to Monroe, La., August 20-September 2. Expedition to Can­ton October 14-20. Bogue Chitto Creek October 17. Duty at Big Black till February, 1864. Meridian Campaign February 3-March 2. Moved to Cairo, Ill., April 28, thence to Clifton, Tenn., April 30-May 5, March to Huntsville, Ala., May 5-23, thence to Ackworth, Ga., via Decatur and Warrenton, Ala., and Rome and Kingston, Ga., May 28-June 8. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign June 8-Sep­tember 8. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Leggett's or Bald Hill July 20-21. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operatio­ns against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. Ordered to Nashville, Tenn., and duty there till December. Battles of Nashville December 15-16. Ordered to Clarksville, Tenn., and duty there till July, 1865. Mustered out July 28, 1865.


Battery lost during service 1 Officer and 7 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 28 Enlisted men by disease. Total 36.
 

eingesetzt bei der Einnahme von *Fort Donelsen.

 

Im Battle of Shiloh war die Battery im Rahmen mit vier 24-pounder Howitzers im Review Field zwischen der 1st Brigade und 2nd Brigade 1st Division MajGen John A McClernand eingesetzt (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 178 mit Karte S. 181). Gegen 10:30 er­hielt die 2nd Brigade BrigGen Alexander P. Stewart 1st Division BrigGen Charles Clark I. Army Corps MajGen Leonidas Polk den Befehl die Battery anzugreifen (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 179). Der Angriff wurde unterstützt durch Thomas J. Stanford's Missis­sippi Battery, die Stellung in Lost Field bezogen hatte (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 179).

 

Literatur:

- Morrison, Marion: Ninth Regiment, a.a.O., S. 22



Battery "E", 1st Regiment Light Artillery (Waterhouse Battery):

s. Captain Allen *Waterhouse; Samuel Hoover

 

Organized at Chicago, Ill., and mustered in December 19, 1861. Moved to Cairo, Ill., February 12, 1862. Attached to District of Cai­ro, Ill., to March, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, District of Memphis, Tenn., to November, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, District of Memphis, Tenn., Right Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Ten­nessee, November, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, District of Memphis, Tenn., 13th Army Corps, to December, 1862. Artillery, 8th Di­vision, 16th Army Corps, to March, 1863. Artillery, 3rd Division, 15th Army Corps, to December, 1863. Artillery, 1st Division, 16th Army Corps, to June, 1864. Artillery, 1st Division, Sturgis' Expedition, June, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 16th Army Corps, to December, 1864. Artillery, 1st Division, Detachment Army of the Tennessee, Dept. of the Cumberland, to February, 1865. Artillery Reserve, Dept. of the Cumberland, Chattanooga, Tenn., to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Paducah, Ky., till March, 1862. Expedition from Paducah to Tennessee River and operations about Crump's Landing, Tenn., March 8-14. Expedition to Yellow Creek, Miss., and occupation of Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March 14-17. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. March to Memphis, Tenn., via Lagrange, Grand Junction and Holly Springs, June 1-July 21. Duty at Memphis, Tenn., till November. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign, November 2, 1862, to January 10, 1863. Guard R. R. till March, 1863. Moved to Memphis, thence to Duckport, La., March 12-April 1. Demonstrations on Haines' and Snyder's Bluffs April 25-May 2. Movement to join army in rear of Vicksburg, via Richmond and Grand Gulf, May 2-14. Jackson, Miss., May 14. Siege of Vicksburg May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Expedition to Mechanicsburg May 26-June 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Brandon Station July 19. Camp at Big Black till November. Expedition to Canton October 14-20. Bogue Chitto Creek October 17. Ordered to Memphis, Tenn., November 12, and duty guarding Railroad till January, 1864. Expedition to Tallahatchie River February 5-19. Coldwater Ferry February 8. Near Senato­bia February 8-9. Wyatt's February 14. At Memphis till April. Sturgis' Expedition from Memphis to Ripley, Miss., April 30-May 9. Sturgis' Expedition from Memphis into Mississippi June 1-13. Brice's, or Tishamingo Creek, near Guntown, June 10. Smith's Expedi­tion to Tupelo July 5-21. Camargo's Cross Roads, Harrisburg, July 13. Tupelo July 14-15. Old Town, or Tishamingo Creek, July 15. Smith's Expedition to Oxford, Miss., August 1-30. Tallahatchie River August 7-9. Oxford August 9. Abbeville August 23. Moved to Duvall's Bluff, Ark., September 1; thence march through Arkansas and Missouri. Light Artillery Reserve, Dept. of the Cumberland, to July, 1865. Mustered out July 15, 1865.


Battery lost during service 5 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 25 Enlisted men by disease. Total 30. 
 

Die Battery stammte aus Chicago / Illinois; ihre Ausrüstung und die Pferde hatte die Battery erst Ende März 1862 erhalten und konn­te mit den Pferden vor dem Einsatz bei Shiloh am 6.4.1862 nur dreimal exerzieren (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 157).

 

Im April 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh war die Battery zur Unterstützung der 3rd Brigade Col Jesse Hildebrand 5th Division BrigGen William T. Sherman in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee abgestellt; sie war am Morgen der Schlacht von Shiloh auf einem Hügel nörd­lich von Rea Springs eingesetzt (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 157); gegen 9:30 eingesetzt gegen den CS-Durchbruch durch Sher­man’s Front (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 160).

 

Gegen 9:30 bei den weiteren massierten CS-Angriffen gegen 9:30 durch die nach vorn geworfene 2nd Division MajGen Benjamin F. Cheatham 1st Brigade BrigGen Bushrod R. Johnson mit Blythe's Mississippi Regiment und der 154th Tennessee Infantry zog Water­house seine Battery zurück. Auf Befehl des Artilleriekommandeurs von Sherman’s Division, Major Ezra Taylor, bezog die Battery nur 300 Yards nördlich erneut Stellung, ca 100 Yards südlich der Shiloh Church. Durch eine überraschende Flankierung von Teilen der 13th Tennessee Infantry wurde die Battery überrollt und gefangengenommen (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 170 mit Karte S. 165).

 

Sechs Co’s der 13th Tennessee Infantry unter Col Vaughn führten sodann eine Flankierung nach rechts durch, gelangten durch eine Schlucht ungesehen seitlich bis auf 150 yards an Waterhouse’s Battery heran, stürmten die Battery und setzten diese außer Gefecht; dann drang die 13th Tennessee bis Shiloh Church vor, die ca 100 yards nördlich der Stellungen von Waterhouse’s Battery lag (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 170).

 

Literatur:

- **Hoover, Samuel: "Waterhouse's Battery at Shiloh (Battery "E", 1st Regiment Light Artillery)." National Tribune, September 10, 1925

- Mollus / Illinois Commandery, vol. 13D (1923), S. 46-47: "Allen Cobb Waterhouse"



Battery "F", 1st Regiment Light Artillery:

 

Organized at Camp Butler, Ill., and mustered in February 25, 1862. Ordered to Benton Barracks, Mo., March 15, thence moved to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., April 1-9. Attached to 3rd Division, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, District of Memphis, Tenn., to November, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, District of Memphis, Right Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, November, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 13th Army Corps, to December, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 17th Army Corps, to January, 1863. Artillery, 1st Division, 16th Army Corps, to July, 1863. Artillery, 4th Division, 15th Army Corps, to Novem­ber, 1864. Artillery Reserve, District of Nashville, Tenn., to February, 1865.

 

Service:

Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30, 1862. March to Memphis, Tenn., June 1-17, and duty there till November. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign November, 1862, to January, 1863. Duty at Memphis and along Memphis and Charleston R. R. till June, 1863. Ordered to Vicksburg, Miss., June 9. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., June 16-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Camp at Big Black till September 26. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., thence to Chattanooga, Tenn., September 28-November 21. Operations on Memphis & Charleston R. R. in Alabama October 20-29. Skirmish at Trenton, Ga., No­vember 18. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Tunnel Hill November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. March to relief of Knoxville, Tenn., November 28-December 17. At Scottsboro, Ala., till May, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May to Sep­tember. Demonstrations on Resaca May 9-13. Snake Creek Gap May 10-12. Battle of Resaca May 13-15. Kingston May 19-22. Ad­vance on Dallas May 23-25. Battles about DallasNew Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Ezra Chapel, Hood's second sortie, July 28. Flank movement on Jo­nesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations in North Georgia and North Alabama against Hood, September 29-November 3. Ordered to Nashville, Tenn., and garrison duty there till February, 1865. Battery discontinued February 22, 1865, and men transferred to other Batteries.


Battery lost during service 1 Officer and 7 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 24 Enlisted men by disease. Total 32.



Battery "G", 1st Regiment Light Artillery:

 

Organized at Cairo, Ill., and mustered in February 28, 1862. Moved to Columbus, Ky., March 18, thence to Island No. 10, Mississip­pi River. Attached to Flotilla Brigade, Army of Mississippi, to April, 1862. Artillery Division, Army of Mississippi, to July, 1862. Ar­tillery, District of Corinth, Miss., to November, 1862. Artillery, District of Corinth, 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. Artillery, District of Corinth, 17th Army Corps, to January, 1863. Artillery, District of Corinth, 16th Army Corps, to March, 1863. Artillery, 2nd Division, 16th Army Corps, to November, 1863. Post of Corinth, Miss., 16th Army Corps, to January, 1864. Fort Pickering, District of Memphis, 16th Army Corps, to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, Post and Defences of Memphis, District of West Tennessee, to December, 1864. Artillery Reserve, District of West Tennessee, to July, 1865.


Service:

Operations against Island No. 10, Mississippi River, and garrison at New Madrid, Mo., March 20-April 11, 1862. Union City, Tenn., March 31. Action and capture at Tipton April 8. Moved to Columbus, Ky., April 11. Expedition to Fort Pillow, Tenn., April 13-17. Moved to Hamburg Landing, Tenn., April 17-22. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Occupation of Corinth and pursuit to Booneville May 30-June 12. Duty at Corinth, Miss., till January, 1864. Battle of Corinth October 3-4, 1862. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., January, 1864, and duty there in the defences of that city and in the District of West Tennessee till July, 1865. Mus­tered out July 24, 1865.


Battery lost during service 1 Enlisted man killed and 11 Enlisted men by disease. Total 12. 



Battery "H", 1st Regiment Light Artillery:

 

Overview:

Organized at Chicago, Ill., and mustered in February 20, 1862. Moved to St. Louis, Mo., thence moved to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., April 1-4. Served, unassigned, Army of the Tennessee, April, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, Army Tennessee, to July, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, District of Memphis, Tenn., to November, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, Right Wing 13th Army Corps, Dept. of the Ten­nessee, November, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, District of Memphis, 13th Army Corps, to January, 1863. Artillery, 2nd Division, 15th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to September, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 15th Army Corps, to June, 1865.


Service:

Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 64, 1862. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Russell's House May 17. Occupati­on of Corinth May 30. March to Memphis June 3 to July 21, and duty there till November. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign No­vember, 1862, to January, 1863. "Tallahatchie March" November 26-December 13. Moved to Young's Point, La., January, 1863, and duty there till March. Expedition to Rolling Fork, via Muddy, Steele's and Black Bayous and Deer Creek, March 14-27. Demonstrati­on on Haines' and Drumgould's Bluffs April 29-May 2. Movement to join army in rear of Vicksburg, Miss., via Richmond and Grand Gulf, May 2-14. Battle of Champion's Hill May 16. Siege of Vicksburg May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Ad­vance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. At Big Black till September 25. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., thence to Chattanooga, Tenn., September 25-November 21. Operations on Memphis & Charleston R. R. in Alabama, October 20-29. Bear Creek, Tuscumbia, October 27. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Tunnel Hill November 24-25. Mission Ridge November 25. Pursuit November 26-27. March to relief of Knoxville, Tenn., November 28-December 13. March to Chattanooga De­cember 13-17, thence to Bridgeport, Ala. Duty at Bridgeport, Bellefonte and Larkinsville, Ala., to May, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Cam­paign May to September. Demonstrations on Resaca May 8-13. Battle of Resaca May 13-15. Advance on Dallas May 18-25. Battles about DallasNew Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25.Ezra Chapel July 28. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-Sep­tember 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Duck Branch, near Leper's Crossing, S. C., February 2. Salkehatchie Swamp February 3-6. Dillingham's Cross Roads, or Duck Branch, February 3. South Edisto River February 9. North Edisto River February 12-13. Congaree Creek February 15. Columbia Fe­bruary 16-17. Wateree Creek February 22. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 20-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D. C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June. Mustered out June 14, 1865.


Battery lost during service 1 Officer and 6 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 27 Enlisted men by disease. Total 34.


Battery "I", 1st Regiment Light Artillery:

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Douglas, Chicago, Ill., and mustered in February 10, 1862. Moved to Benton Barracks, Mo., March 1. Thence to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., April 1-4. Served unattached Army Tennessee, to May, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, Army of the Tennes­see, to July, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, District of Memphis, Tenn., to November, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, Right Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, November, 1862. 1st Division, Right Wing, 13th Army Corps, to December, 1862. 1st Di­vision, 17th Army Corps, to January, 1863. 1st Division, 16th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 4th Division, 15th Army Corps, to April, 1864. Artillery Reserve. Nashville, Tenn., to November, 1864. Artillery, 5th Division, Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to July, 1865.


Service:

Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7, 1862. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Russell House May 17. March to Memphis, Tenn., June 1-July 21, and duty there till November. Central Mississippi Campaign November, 1862, to January, 1863. "Tallahatchie March" November 26-December 12. At Memphis and guarding Railroad till June, 1863. Action at Wall Hill May 11. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., June 6-11. Siege of Vicksburg June 12-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. At Big Black River till September 25. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., thence to Chattanooga, Tenn., September 25-November 23. Operations on Memphis and Charleston R. R. in Alabama October 20-29. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Tunnel Hill November 24-25. Mission Ridge November 25. Pursuit to Graysville November 26-27. March to relief of Knoxville, Tenn., November 28-December 9. At Scottsboro, Ala., till April, 1864. Garrison duty at Nashville, Tenn., till November. Operations in Tennessee and Alabama and Nashville Campaign against Hood November-December. Columbia, Duck River, November 24-28. Franklin November 30. Battle of Nashville, Tenn., December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-19. West Harpeth River December 17. Rutherford Creek December 19. Lynnville and Rockland Creek December 24. Anthony's Gap, near Pulaski, December 25. At Huntsville, Ala.; Florence, Ala.; Eastport, Miss.; Iuka, Miss., and Gravelly Springs, Ala., till July, 1865. Moved to Chicago, Ill., and mustered out July 26, 1865.


Battery lost during service 1 Enlisted man killed and 13 Enlisted men by disease. Total 14. 



Battery "K", 1st Regiment Light Artillery:

 

Overview:

Organized at Shawneetown, Ill., and mustered in January 9, 1862. Ordered to Cairo, Ill., March, 1862. Attached to District of Colum­bus, Ky., to November, 1862. District of Columbus, Ky., 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. District of Columbus, Ky., 16th Army Corps, to March, 1863. District of Columbus, Ky., 6th Division, 16th Army Corps, to October, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to November, 1863. (A section of Battery detached with Grierson's Cavalry Bri­gade, 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, November, 1862, to March, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to May, 1863. Cavalry Brigade, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to November, 1863.) 2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to June, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee, to November, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 5th Division Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to December, 1864.


Service:

Duty at Cairo, Ill.; Paducah, Ky., and in District of Columbus, Ky., till October, 1863. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign Novem­ber, 1862, to January, 1863 (Section). Reconnoissance from Lagrange toward Colliersville, Tenn., November 5, 1862 (Section). Ac­tion at Ripley, Miss., December 23 (Section). Middleburg and near Bolivar, Tenn., December 24 (Section). At Lagrange and Mem­phis, Tenn., till April, 1863 (Section). Expedition from Lagrange March 8-13, 1863. Skirmishes at Covington March 9-10 (Section). Grierson's Expedition from Lagrange to Baton Rouge, La., April 17-May 2 (Section). Palo Alto and Okolona, Miss., April 21-22 (Section). Garlandsville, Miss., April 24 (Section). Union Church April 28 (Section). Brookhaven April 29 (Section). Wall's Post Office, La., May 1 (Section). Robert's Ford, Comite River, La., May 2 (Section). Plain's Store, La., May 21 (Section). Siege of Port Hudson, La., May 24-July 9 (Section). Clinton June 3-4 (Section). Jackson Cross Roads June 20 (Section). Moved from Port Hudson, La., to Memphis, Tenn., July 18-28 (Section). Duty at Germantown, Tenn., till November. Operations in North Mississippi and West Tennessee against Chalmers October 4-17. Scout from Germantown to Tullahoma October 22-24. Operations on Memphis & Charle­ston R. R. November 3-5. Quinn and Jackson's Mills and Colliersville November 3. Moscow and Lafayette November 5. Operations on Memphis & Charleston R, R. against Lee's attack November 28-December 10. Saulsbury December 3. Wolf Bridge, near Mos­cow, December 3-4. Lafayette December 4, Operations against Chalmers and Forest till February, 1864. Colliersville December 27-28, 1863. Smith's Expedition from Colliersville to Okolona and West Point, Miss., February 11-26, 1864. West Point February 20-21. Okolona February 21. Ivey's Hill, near Okolona, February 22. At Germantown and Memphis till July. Smith's Expedition to Tupelo July 5-21. Near Tupelo July 14-15. Smith's Expedition to Oxford, Miss., August 1-30. Tallahatchie River August 7-9. Hurricane Creek and Oxford August 9. Hurricane Creek August 13, 14 and 19. Expedition into Middle Tennessee and North Alabama Septem­ber 30-November 1. Campaign against Hood in North Alabama and Middle Tennessee November 1-December 10. Shoal Creek, Ala., November 11. On line of Shoal Creek November 16-20. Lawrenceburg November 22. Campbellsville November 24. Columbia, Duck River, November 24-27. Franklin November 30. Mustered out December 10, 1864. Veterans and Recruits transferred to Battery "E," 1st Illinois Light Artillery.

 

Battery lost while in service 11 Enlisted men by disease. 



Battery "K", 1st Regiment Light Artillery (Reorganized):

 

Overview:

Reorganized March, 1865, by assignment of Colvin's Independent Battery Light Artillery. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, District of East Tennessee, and duty at Cumberland Gap and in District of East Tennessee till July. Mustered out July 15, 1865.


Battery "L", 1st Regiment Light Artillery:

 

Overview:

Organized at Chicago, Ill., and mustered in February 22, 1862. Duty at Camp Douglas, Chicago, Ill., guarding prisoners till June, 1862. Ordered to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., June 14, thence to New Creek June 24. Attached to Railroad District, Mountain Dept., West Virginia, to July, 1862. Railroad District, 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., to September, 1862. Railroad District, West Virginia, to Ja­nuary, 1863. Defences Upper Potomac to March, 1863. 5th Brigade, 1st Division 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. Mulligan's Brigade, Scammon's Division, West Virginia, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. Reserve Division, Harper's Ferry, W. Va., to January, 1865. Unattached, 3rd Division, West Virginia, to April, 1865. Unattached, 2nd Division, West Vir­ginia, to July, 1865.


Service:

Duty at New Creek, Petersburg, Romney, Cumberland, Md., Harper's Ferry and other points in West Virginia guarding line of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, June, 1862, to July, 1865. Action at Ridgville Road, near Petersburg, October 29, 1862. South Fork of the Potomac River November 9, 1862. Expedition to relief of Phillippi and Grafton April 25-27, 1863. Petersburg Gap September 4, 1863. Operations in Hampshire and Hardy Counties, W. Va., December 31, 1863, to January 5, 1864. Folck's Mills August 1, 1864. Attack on Cumberland, Md., August 1. New Creek August 4. Expedition from New Creek to Moorefield November 6-8. Moorefield, near New Creek, November 27-28. (1 Section at Grafton September 27 to November 15, 1864.) Mustered out July 10, 1865.


Battery lost during service 1 Officer and 10 Enlisted men by disease. Total 11. 



Battery "M", 1st Regiment Light Artillery:

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Douglass, Chicago. Ill., and mustered in August 12, 1862. Moved to Louisville, Ky., September 27, 1862. Atta­ched to District of Louisville, Ky., Dept. of Ohio, to October, 1862. 34th Brigade, 10th Division, Army Ohio, to November, 1862. 34th Brigade, 10th Division, District of West Kentucky, Dept. Ohio, to February, 1863. Reed's Brigade, Baird's Division, Army of Kentucky, Dept. of the Cumberland, to June, 1863. 1st Division, Reserve Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1862. Artille­ry, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to July, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 4rth Army Corps, to October, 1864. Unattached Artillery, Dept. of the Cumberland, to November, 1864. Garrison Artillery, Chattanooga Tenn., to April, 1865. Garrison Artillery, Cleveland, Tenn., Dept. of the Cumberland, to July, 1865.


Service:

At Louisville, Ky., till October 11, 1862. Moved to Lebanon, Ky., October 11, thence to Columbia November 26, and to Lebanon, Ky., December 29. Operations against Morgan in Kentucky December 29, 1862-January 2, 1863. Moved to New Haven January 6, 1863, thence to Louisville, Ky., January 22, and to Nashville, Tenn., January 29-February 7. Moved to Franklin February 12, and duty there till June. Tullahoma Campaign June 23-July 7. At Shelbyville June 29-September 6. Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign Sep­tember 6-22. Battle of Chickamauga September 19-21. Rossville Gap September 21. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 24-No­vember 23. Battles of Chattanooga November 23- 25. Orchard Knob, Indian Hill, November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. March to relief of Knoxville November 28-December 17. Operations in East Tennessee December, 1863, to April, 1864. Moved to Cleveland, Tenn., April 18, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May to September. Demonstration on Rocky Faced Ridge May 8-11. Buz­zard's Roost Gap, or Mill Creek, May 8-9. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Adairsville May 17. Near Kingston May 18-19. Near Cass­ville May 19. Advance on Dallas May 22-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and Battles about DallasNew Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Station July 4. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Buckhead, Nancy's Creek, July 18. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Duty at Atlanta till November 1. Ordered to Chattan­ooga November 1. Garrison duty at Chattanooga, Cleveland and Charleston, Tenn., till July, 1865. Moved to Chicago, Ill., July 14 and mustered out July 24, 1865.


Battery lost 4 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 10 Enlisted men by disease. Total 15.


 

2nd Regiment Illinois Light Artillery:

 

Overview:

Organized at Peoria, Ill., and mustered into State service May 23, 1861. Moved to Alton, Ill., July 6, thence to St. Charles and Mexi­co, Mo., and duty in Northern Missouri till August. Ordered to Jefferson Barracks, Mo., and mustered in August 17, 1861. Moved to Jefferson City, Mo., thence to Booneville, Mo., October 1. Attached to Fremont's Army of the West and to Dept. of Missouri to Fe­bruary, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of Southwest Missouri, to May, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, Army of Southwest Missouri, to July, 1862. District of Eastern Arkansas, Dept. of Missouri. to December, 1862, and Dept. of the Tennessee to January, 1863. Artillery, 12th Division, 13th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to May, 1863. Artillery, 14th Division, 13th Army Corps, Army Tennessee, to July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 13th Army Corps, Dept. of the Tennessee, to August, 1863, and Dept. of the Gulf to September, 1863. Artillery, 1st Division, 13th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to June, 1864. Defences of New Orleans, La., Dept. of the Gulf, to April, 1865. District of LaFourche, Dept. of the Gulf, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Fremont's Campaign against Springfield, Mo., October 21-November 8, 1861. At Ottersville, Mo., till January, 1862. Moved to Leba­non, Mo., January 25. Curtis' advance on Springfield, Mo., January 25-February 11. Pursuit of Price into Arkansas February 14-29. Battle of Pea Ridge, Ark., March 6-8. March to Sugar Creek March 10, thence to Cross Timbers March 15, and over Ozark Moun­tains to Batesville April 5-May 3. March to Helena, Ark., May 25-July 13. Duty at Helena till March, 1863. Ordered to Milliken's Bend, La., March 20, and duty there till April. Movement on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25-30. Battle of Thompson's Hill, Port Gibson, Miss., May 1. Battle of Champion's Hill May 16. Big Black River May 17. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. At Big Black till Au­gust. Ordered to New Orleans, La., August 20. At Carrollton, Brashear City and Berwick till October. Western Louisiana Campaign October 3-November 30. Duty in District of LaFourche and Defences of New Orleans, La., till August, 1864. Operations in Mobile Bay against Forts Gaines and Morgan August 2-23. Siege and capture of Fort Gaines August 3-8. Siege and capture of Fort Morgan August 8-23. Duty in the Defences of New Orleans and District of LaFourche till July, 1865. (1st Section detached in District of Southwest Missouri to October, 1862. Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Army of the Frontier, to June, 1863. District of Sou­theast Missouri. Advance on Fayetteville, Ark., October 11-December 3, 1862. March to relief of Gen. Blount December 3-6. Battle of Prairie Grove, Ark., December 7. At Fayetteville till December 27. Expedition over Boston Mountains to Van Buren, Ark., Decem­ber 27-29. Duty at various points in Missouri till April, 1863. Operations against Marmaduke April 20-May 2. Moved to Pilot Knob, Mo. Duty in District of Southeast Missouri till July, 1863.) Battery mustered out July 28, 1865.


Battery lost during service 5 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 16 Enlisted men by disease. Total 22.
 


Battery "A", 2nd Regiment Illinois Light Artillery (Peoria Battery):

s. Captain Peter *Davidson; Pvt Lewis F. *Lake (Battery A&B)

 

In der Pea Ridge Campaign vom Frühjahr 1862 gehörte die Peoria Battery zur 2nd Brigade Col Julius *White 3rd Division Jefferson C. *Davis in Samuel R. *Curtis Army of the Southwest (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 333); die Battery umfaßte zwei 65-pounder Rifled Guns, zwei 6-pounder Guns und zwei 12-punder Howitzers (vgl. Shea Hess, a.a.O., S. 333). Die Battery wurde bei der Verstärkung von Osterhaus 1st Division bei Oberson‘s Field eingesetzt (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 120, 131-133 mit Karten S. 108, 123).

 

Literatur:

- Hansel, Jacob C.: Letter, Peoria Daily Transcript vom 31.5.1862

- Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 120, 131-133 mit Karten S. 108, 123


 

Battery "B", 2nd Regiment Light Artillery:

s. Captain Reilly *Madison; Lt George L. *Nispel; Pvt Lewis F. *Lake (Battery A&B)

 

Overview:

Organized at Springfield, Ill., June 20, 1861. Attached to Dept. of Missouri to April, 1862. Unattached Artillery, Army of the Tennes­see, to May, 1862. Artillery, 4th Division, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1862. 1st Division, District of Jackson, Tenn., to Novem­ber, 1862. District of Jackson, 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. District of Corinth, 17th Army Corps, to January, 1863. District of Corinth, 16th Army Corps, to March, 1863. Artillery, 2nd Division, 16th Army Corps, to Novem­ber, 1863. Post of Corinth, 16th Army Corps, to January, 1864. Fort Pickering, Post of Memphis, Tenn., to April, 1864. Artillery, 1st Division, 16th Corps, to June, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Sturgis' Expedition, June, 1864. Post of Memphis, Tenn., District of West Tennes­see, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty in Dept. of Missouri till April, 1862. Moved to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., April 1-4, 1862. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Ad­vance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Duty in Districts of Jackson and Corinth till October, 1862. Battle of Corinth October 3-4. Garrison duty at Corinth till January, 1864. Ordered to Memphis, Tenn., January 25, and duty at Fort Pickering, De­fences of Memphis, till June, 1864. Expedition from Memphis to Wyatt's, Miss., February 6-18, 1864. Sturgis' Expedition to Gun­town, Miss., June 1-13. Battle of Brice's or Tishamingo Creek, near Guntown, June 10. Duty at Memphis, Tenn., and in District of West Tennessee till July, 1865. Mustered out July 15, 1865.


Battery lost during service 3 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 27 Enlisted men by disease. Total 30.

Die Battery B, kommandiert von Captain Reilly Madison war Belagerungsartillerie mit fünf schweren 24-pounder Belagerungsge­schützen, die gegen die Befestigungen bei Corinth eingesetzt werden sollte. Die Battery wurde im Schiffstransport nach Pittsburg Landing gebracht, wo sie am Abend des 4.4.1862 eintraf (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 106). Die Battery gehörte zu den Unassigned Troops von Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh, B & L, a.a.O., I, S. 537). Im Battle of Shiloh am Morgen des 6.4.1862 war eine Sektion der Battery B unter Lt George L. *Nispel eingesetzt bei Sherman’s 5th Division südlich von Shiloh Church zur Unterstützung der Brigade Buckland; die Battery geriet ins Artilleriefeuer der CS-Artillery bestehend aus Shoup’s Arkansas Artillery und 5th Battery Washington Artillery (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 167 mit Karte S. 165).

 

Gegen 11:30 wurde eine Sektion von Nispel’s Battery mit einem Geschütz zusammen mit zwei Geschützen aus Dresser's Battery und Barrett's Battery von US-Artilleriechef Col Ezra Taylor in einem Artillerieschwerpunkt, der neun Geschütze umfaßte, im südli­chen Teil von Jones Field gegen den bevorstehenden CS-Durchbruch auf der rechten US-Front eingesetzt. Es kam zu einem Artille­rieduell mit der CS-Artillery im nördlichen Woolf Field bestehend aus Cobb's Kentucky Battery sechs Geschützen und dem ver­bliebenen Geschütz von Polk's Battery. Nachdem sich die US-Artillery schließlich gegen 12:00 verschossen hatte, mußte sie zurück­genommen werden (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 186-188 mit Karte S. 187).

 


Battery "C", 2nd Regiment Light Artillery:

 

Overview:

Organized at Cairo, Ill., August 5, 1861. Attached to District of Cairo, Ill., to March, 1862. District of Columbus, Ky., to November, 1862. District of Columbus, Ky., 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. District of Columbus, Ky., 6th Division, 16th Army Corps, to June, 1863. 3rd Division, Reserve Corps, Dept. of the Cumberland, to October, 1863. District of Clarksville and Fort Donelson, Tenn., Dept. of the Cumberland, to March, 1865. 5th Sub-District, District of Middle Tennessee, Dept. of the Cumberland, to August, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty in District of Cairo till March, 1862. Ordered to Fort Donelson, Tenn., and garrison duty there and at Clarksville, Tenn., till Au­gust, 1865. Also engaged in mounted scout duty between the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers. Expedition from Fort Donelson to Clarksville September 5-10, 1862. Action at New Providence September 6. Rickett's Hill, Clarksville, September 7. Near Waverly and Richland Creek October 23. Cumberland Iron Works, Fort Donelson, February 3, 1863. Mustered out August 3, 1865.

Battery lost during service 1 Officer and 3 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 18 Enlisted men by disease. Total 22.



Battery "D", 2nd Regiment Light Artillery:

s. Captain Jasper M. *Dresser; Lt James P. *Timothy

 

Overview:

Organized at Cairo, Ill., and mustered in December 17, 1861. Attached to District of Cairo to February, 1862. 1st Division, District of Cairo, February, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, District of West Tennessee, to April, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, Army of the Ten­nessee, to July, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, District of Jackson, Tenn., to November, 1862. District of Jackson, Tenn., 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 16th Army Corps, to May, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Dis­trict of Memphis, Tenn., 5th Division, 16th Army Corps, to December, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to January, 1864. District of Memphis, Tenn., 16th Army Corps, January, 1864. Artillery, 4th Division, 16th Army Corps, to March, 1864. Decatur, Ala., District of Northern Alabama, Dept. of the Cumberland, to November, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty at Cairo, Ill., till February, 1862. Expedition from Cairo into Kentucky January 16-21, 1862. Operations against Fort Henry, Tenn., February 2-6. Investment and capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 12-16. Moved to Savannah, thence to Pittsburg Lan­ding, Tenn., March 5-25. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. March to Jack­son, Tenn., June 5-8, and duty there till November. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign November and December. Action at Davis Mills, Wolf River, Miss., December 21. Post duty at Grand Junction till January, 1864. Expedition to Senatobia, Miss., May 21-26, 1863. Senatobia May 23. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., thence to Vicksburg, Miss., January, 1864. Meridian Campaign February 3-March 2. Ordered to Decatur, Ala., March, 1864, and duty there till November, 1864. Action at Pond Springs, near Courtland, May 27, and at Decatur June 1. Siege of Decatur October 26-29. Ordered to Louisville, Ky., November 1. Mustered out November 21, 1864. Veterans and Recruits transferred to Battery "K," 2nd Light Artillery.


Battery lost during service 6 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 13 Enlisted men by disease. Total 19.
 

Battery ‘D’ 2nd Illinois Light Artillery gehörte im Frühjahr 1862 zur 1st Brigade Oglesby, 1st Division McClernand, Grant’s Army of the Tennessee bei der Eroberung von *Fort Donelson im Februar 1862 (vgl. US Grant; in: Battles and Leaders Vol. I S. 429; Wallace, Lew: The Capture of Fort Donelson; in: B&L, vol. I, a.a.O., S. 417-419).

 

Im Battle of Shiloh gehörte die Battery zur 1st Division MajGen John A McClernand in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee.

 

Battery D 2nd Illinois Artillery (Dresser's Art.) unter Führung von Lt James P. Timothy verteidigte am 6.4.1862 gegen 11:30 bei Wa­ter Oaks Pond (am Südende von Woolf's Field nördlich der Straßenkreuzung von Purdy-Hamburg Road und Pittsburg-Corinth Road zusammen mit der 11th Iowa Infantry unter LtCol William Hall; hier erfolgte der CS-Angriff der 3rd Brigade BrigGen Sterling A. M. Wood III. Army Corps MajGen William J. Hardee. Beim Angriff wurde Lt. Timothy verwundet. Die Battery wurde umzingelt und gefangen genommen (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 184).

 

Gegen 11:30 wurde eine Sektion von Nispel’s Battery mit einem Geschütz zusammen mit zwei Geschützen aus Dresser's Battery und Barrett's Battery von US-Artilleriechef Col Ezra Taylor in einem Artillerieschwerpunkt, der neun Geschütze umfaßte, im südli­chen Teil von Jones Field gegen den bevorstehenden CS-Durchbruch auf der rechten US-Front eingesetzt. Es kam zu einem Artille­rieduell mit der CS-Artillery im nördlichen Woolf Field bestehend aus Cobb's Kentucky Battery sechs Geschützen und dem ver­bliebenen Geschütz von Polk's Battery. Nachdem sich die US-Artillery schließlich gegen 12:00 verschossen hatte, mußte sie zurück­genommen werden (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 186-188 mit Karte S. 187).

 


Battery "E", 2nd Regiment Light Artillery:

s. Major Adolph *Schwartz; Lt. G. C. *Gumbart

 

Overview:

Organized at St. Louis, Mo., as Schwartz's Missouri Battery and mustered in August 20, 1861. Duty in North Missouri (1 Section) September 6 to December 29, 1861. Battery ordered to Cairo, Ill., September 14. Attached to District of Cairo and 1st Brigade, 1st Division, District of Cairo, to February, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, District of West Tennessee, to April, 1862. Artillery, 1st Di­vision, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1862. 1st Division, District of Jackson, Tenn., to November, 1862. 3rd Division, 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1863. Artillery, 4th Division, 17th Army Corps, to January, 1863. Artillery, 4th Di­vision, 16th Army Corps, to July, 1863. Artillery, 3rd Division, 13th Army Corps, Dept. of the Tennessee, to August, 1863, and Dept. of the Gulf to November, 1863. Plaquemine, District of Baton Rouge, La., Dept. of the Gulf, to June, 1864. Defences of New Or­leans, La., to September, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty at Cairo, Ill., Fort Holt and Jefferson, Ky., till February, 1862. Expedition to Bloomfield, Mo., November 1, 1861. Expedition into Kentucky January 10-21, 1862. Operations against Fort Henry, Tenn., February 2-6. Investment and capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 12-16. Moved to Savannah, thence to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege or Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. March to Purdy, Bethel and Jackson June 5-8. Duty at Jackson till November. Ac­tion at Britton's Lane September 1. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign November, 1862, to January, 1863. Reconnoissance from Lagrange November 8-9, 1862. March to Moscow, Tenn., December 24, 1862, to January 12, 1863, and duty there guarding Mem­phis & Charleston R. R. till March, 1863. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., and duty there till May. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., May 12-22. Siege of Vicksburg May 22-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Assault on Jackson July 12. Ordered to New Orleans, La., August 13. Duty at Carrollton, Brashear and Berwick City till October. Western Louisiana Cam­paign October 3-November 30. Duty at Plaquemine, La., District of Baton Rouge, La., till June, 1864, and at New Orleans, La., till September. Mustered out September 29, 1864, expiration of term.


Battery lost during service 1 Officer and 6 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 10 Enlisted men by disease. Total 17.
 

Battery ‘E’ 2nd Illinois Light Artillery unter Lt. G. C. *Gumbart gehörte im Frühjahr 1862 zur 1st Brigade Oglesby, 1st Division Mc­Clernand, Grant’s Army of the Tennessee bei der Eroberung von *Fort Donelson im Februar 1862 (vgl. US Grant; in: Battles and Leaders Vol. I S. 429; Wallace, Lew: The Capture of Fort Donelson; in: B&L, vol. I, a.a.O., S. 417-419).

 

Im Battle of Shiloh am 6.4.1862 gehörte die Battery unter Major Adolph *Schwartz mit drei Kanonen zur 1st Division MajGen John A McClernand. In der Fortsetzung des Angriffs stieß die 154th CS-Tennessee Infantry gegen 10:00 an der Straßenkreuzung von Pitts­burg-Corinth Road und Purdy-Hamburg Road im Rahmen vo Johnson’s (Smith’s Brigade) auf 3rd Brigade Col Julius *Raith aus 1st Division MajGen John A McClernand und Battery E 2nd Illinois Artillery (Schwartz's Art.) (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 183). Nachdem sich gegen 11:00 die Brigade Raith zurückziehen mußte, war Schwartz, der inzwischen verwundet war, ebenfalls gezwun­gen, seine Battery zurückzunehmen, wobei eines der Geschütze im Schlamm steckenblieb und zurückgelassen werden mußte, ein an­deres Geschütz kippte um, nachdem die Zugpferde erschossen worden waren (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 184)..

 


Battery "F", 2nd Regiment Light Artillery:

 

Overview:

Organized at Cape Girardeau, Mo., and mustered in December 11, 1861. Attached to District of Cairo, Ill., Dept. of Missouri, to April, 1862. Unattached, Army Tennessee, April, 1862. Artillery, 6th Division, Army Tennessee, to July, 1862. Artillery, 6th Division, District of Corinth, Miss., to November, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, Right Wing 13 Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. Artillery, 6th Division, 16th Army Corps, to January, 1863. Artillery, 6th Division, 17th Army Corps, to August, 1863. Artillery, 4th Division, 17th Army Corps, to November, 1864. Artillery Reserve, Nashville, Tenn., to March, 1865. 5th Sub-District, District of Middle Tennessee, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Cape Girardeau, Mo., as garrison of Forts "A" and "B" till March 14, 1862. Ordered to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March 14. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Duty at Corinth till October. (1 Section at Bolivar, Tenn., and present at Battle of Hatchie River October 5, 1862.) Battle of Corinth, Miss., October 3-4. Pursuit to Ripley October 5-12. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign November, 1862, to January, 1863. Reconnoissance from Lagrange November 8-9, 1862. At Moscow and Memphis, Tenn., January 12 to February 6. 1863. Moved to Lake Providence, La., February 6-10. Duty there till April 22. Moved to Milliken's Bend, La., April 22. Movement on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25-30. Siege of Vicksburg May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Moved to Natchez, Miss., August 15. Expedition from Natchez to Harrisonburg, La., September 1-7. Near Harrisonburg and capture of Fort Beauregard September 4. Duty at Natchez and Vicksburg till February, 1864. Meridian Campaign February 2-March 3. At Vicksburg till April. Moved from Vicksburg to Cairo, Ill., thence to Clifton, Tenn., and march to Ackworth, Ga., via Huntsville and Decatur, Ala., and Rome, Ga., April 28-June 8. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign June 8 to September 8. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Leggett's or Bald Hill July 20-21. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. Shadow Church and Westbrook's, near Fairburn, October 2. Ordered to Nashville, Tenn., No­vember, 1864, and duty there and in 5th Sub-District, Middle Tennessee, till July, 1865. Battle of Nashville, Tenn., December 15-16, 1864 (Reserve). Mustered out July 27, 1865.


Battery lost during service 5 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 24 Enlisted men by disease. Total 29.

 

 

Battery "G", 2nd Regiment Light Artillery:

 

Overview:

The DeKalb Horse Artillery was formed from men of 20 different Northern Illinois counties and was renamed Battery "G", 2nd Illi­nois Light Artillery. This unit saw service in Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Missouri and Alabama

 

Literatur:

- Barnickel, Linda: We Entlisted as Patriots: The Civil War Record of Battery "G" 2nd Illinois Light Artillery (Heritage Books); 162 pp; Indices. The DeKalb Horse Artillery was formed from men of 20 different Northern Illinois counties and was renamed Battery "G", 2nd Illinois Light Artillery. This unit saw service in Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Missouri and Alabama

 

 

Battery "H", 2nd Regiment Light Artillery:

 

 

Battery "I", 2nd Regiment Light Artillery:

 

Literatur:

- Brown, Thaddeus C. S. J. Murphy, and William G. Putney: “Behind the Guns”: The History of Battery I, 2nd Regiment, Illinois Light Artillery (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1965)

 

 

Battery "K", 2nd Regiment Light Artillery:

s. Pvt Robert *Lester (Co. K)

 

 

Battery "L", 2nd Regiment Light Artillery:

 

 

Battery "M", 2nd Regiment Light Artillery:

 

 

Bridges' Independent Battery Light Artillery:

 

 

Busteed's Independent Battery Light Artillery:

 

 

Chicago Board of Trade Independent Battery Light Artillery:

s. Captain James H. Stokes; Lt George I. Robinson; Corporal Austin W. *Lester;Corporal Tobias Charles *Miller; Pvt John A. *Nour­se

 

Overview:

Organized at Chicago, Ill., and mustered in August 1, 1862. Moved to Louisville, Ky., September 9-11. Attached to Dumont's 12th Division, Army Ohio, to November, 1862. Pioneer Brigade, Army of the Cumberland, to March, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Di­vision, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1864. 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Pursuit of Bragg into Kentucky October 1-16, 1862. Lawrenceburg October 11. Moved to Bowling Green, Ky., and duty there till De­cember 4. March to Nashville, Tenn., December 4-7. Expedition on Franklin Pike and skirmish December 14. Advance on Murfrees­boro, Tenn., December 26-30. Battle of Stone's River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Duty at Murfreesboro till June. Scouts on Manchester Pike June 13 (Section). Battery changed from Mounted Field to Flying Horse Artillery and assigned to 2nd Ca­valry Division March, 1863. The only Battery of Flying Artillery in Western Armies. Middle Tennessee or Tullahoma Campaign June 23-July 7. Morris Ford, Elk River, July 2. Occupation of Middle Tennessee till August 16. Expedition to Huntsville July 13-22. Pas­sage of Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River, and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign, August 16-September 22. Alpine, Ga., Sep­tember 3 and 8. Ringgold September 11. Reconnoissance from Lee and Gordon's Mills toward Lafayette and skirmish September 13. Pea Vine Ridge September 18. Reed's Bridge September 18. Battle of Chickamauga, Ga., September 19-21. Guarding fords above Chattanooga till October 1. Operations against Wheeler and Roddy October 1-17. Thompson's Cove October 3. McMinnville October 4. Murfreesboro October 5. Near Shelbyville and Farmington October 7. Sugar Creek October 9. March to Deehard, Tenn., October 10-15, thence to Maysville. At Maysville, Huntsville, Ala., and Pulaski, Tenn., till March, 1864. Refitted with 3-inch Parrotts Februa­ry 24, 1864. Moved to Huntsville, Ala., March 10, thence to Columbia, Tenn., April 4-8. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September S. Movements on right flank of army May 11-17. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Tanner's Bridge, Oostenaula River, May 15. Kingston May 19. Near Dallas May 24. Operations about Dallas May 25-June 5. Ackworth June 8. Near Big Shanty June 9. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. McAffee's Cross Roads June 11. Noonday Creek June 15 and 19. Powder Springs June 20. Noonday Creek June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Marietta and Rosswell July 3. Rottenwood Creek July 4. Chatta­hoochie River July 6-10. Raid to Atlanta & Augusta R. R. July 13-20. Raid to Covington July 22-24 (Centre Section). Decatur July 22. Garrard's Raid to South River July 27-31. Flat Rock Bridge July 28. Siege of Atlanta August 1-17. Kilpatrick's Raid around At­lanta August 18-22. Red Oak August 19. Flint River August 19. Jonesboro August 19. Lovejoy Station August 20. Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge and Turner's Ferry August 26-September 2. At Cross Keys till September 21. Operations in North Geor­gia and North Alabama against Hood and Forest September 29-November 3. Near Lost Mountain October 4-7. New Hope Church October 5. Dallas October 7. Rome October 10-11. Narrows October 11. Coosaville Road, near Rome, October 13. Near Summer­ville October 17. Little River, Ala., October 20. Leesburg October 20-21. Ladiga, Terrapin Creek, October 28. Moved to Chattanoo­ga. Tenn., November 3-5, thence to Nashville, Tenn., November 13. Line of Shoal Creek, Ala., November 16-20. Nashville Cam­paign November-December. Fouche Springs November 23. Columbia, Duck River, November 24-27. Occupation of Nashville during Hood's investment December 1-15. Battle of Nashville December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28. Richland Creek December 24. Lynnville December 24. Pulaski December 25. At Gravelly Springs, Ala., till March, 1865. Wilson's Raid to Macon, Ga., March 22-April 24. Ebenezer Church, Ala., April 1. Selma April 2. Montgomery April 12. Capture of Columbus, Ga., April 16. Macon, Ga., April 20. Duty at Macon till May 23. Moved to Nashville, Tenn., thence to Chicago, Ill., June 23-27. Mus­tered out June 30, 1865.


Battery lost during service 10 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 9 Enlisted men by disease. Total 19.

 

Die Battery gehörte während Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign 1864 zu BrigGen Kenner Dudley *Garrard’s Cavalry Division (vgl. Evans: Sherman’s Horsemen, a.a.O., S. xii)

 

Literatur:

- **Illinois, Chicago Trade of Board Battery Association. Historical Sketch of the Chicago Board of Trade Battery, Horse Artillery Illinois Volunteers (Chicago, 1902)

- Miller, Tobias Charles: Diary, containing routine comments on war, plus a description of the Battle of Stones River (Chicago Histo­rical Society)

- **Nourse, John A.: Diary (Perkins Library, Duke University, Durham / North Carolina)

- **Nourse, John A.: Letters (Chicago Historical Society, Chicago / Illinois)

- **Nourse, John A.: Untitled typescript account of Kilpatrick's Raid; in: Robert H. Minty's Papers (US-Army Military History Institute, Carlisle / Pennsylvania)

 

 

Chapman's Peoria Independent Battery Light Artillery:

 

 

Chicago Mercantile Independent Battery Light Artillery:

 

 

Cogswell's Independent Battery Light Artillery:

 

 

Colvin's Independent Battery Light Artillery:

 

 

Cooley's Independent Battery Light Artillery:

s. Chicago Mercantile Battery

 

 

Henshaw's Independent Battery Light Artillery:

 

 

Renwick's Independent Battery Light Artillery:

s. Renwick's Elgin Battery

 

 

Smith's Independent Battery Light Artillery (3 months):

 

Entered State service for three months April 17, 1861. Duty in District of Cairo, Ill., till July. Mustered out July 16, 1861. Became Battery "A," 1st Regiment Illinois Light Artillery.

 

Literatur:

- Blaisdell, Timothy M: Letters (USMHI, Civil War Times Collection)

- Colby, E., Jr.: Letters (Shiloh National Military Park, Shiloh / Tennessee)

 

 

Springfield Independent Battery Light Artillery:

 

 

Stokes' Independent Battery Light Artillery:

s. Chicago Board of Trade Battery

 

 

Vaughan's Independent Battery Light Artillery:

s. Springfield Independent Battery

 

 

 

 

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