Version 8.5.2018

 

Arkansas (US)

a. allgemeines:

 

 

b. Infantry:

 

 

1st Arkansas Infantry Regiment (US):

s. Corporal John W. *Bowen (Co B); Pvt Joseph *Upton

 

Overview:

Organized at Fayetteville, Ark., and mustered in March 25, 1863. Attached to District Southwest Missouri, Dept. Missouri to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, District of the Frontier, Dept. Missouri, to January, 1864. 2nd Brigade, District of the Frontier, 7th Army Crops, Dept. of Arkansas, to March, 1864. 1st Brigade, District of the Frontier, 7th Army Corps, to February, 1865. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 7th Army Corps, to August, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Fayetteville, Ark., till April, 1863. Cabell's attack on Fayetteville April 18. March to Springfield, Mo., April 25-May 4, and duty there till July. Newton County June 14. Moved to Cassville July 6. Joined Army of the Frontier at Fort Gibson, C. N., August 17. Pursuit of Cabell to Perryville August 22-26. Perryville August 26. Devil's Back Bone, Back Bone Mountain, Fort Smith, September 1. Capture of Fort Smith September 1, and duty there till March, 1864. Moffatt's Station, Franklin County, September 27, 1863. Mt. Ida November 13. Scout from Waldron to Mt. Ida, Caddo Gap and Dallas December 2-7. Steele's Expedition to Camden March 23-May 3. Prairie D'Ann April 9-13. Moscow April 13. Camden April 15-18. Jenkins' Ferry, Saline River, April 30. March to Fort Smith May 1-16. Garrison duty at Fort Smith and escort and duty on the Frontier till August, 1865. Skirmish, Bates Township, November 2, and Newton County, November 15, 1864. Mustered out August 10, 1865.

 

 

1st Battalion, Arkansas Infantry (6 months, 1862):

 

Overview:

Organized at Helena, Ark., July 20, 1862. Attached to District of Eastern Arkansas and duty at Helena, Ark., till October. Moved to St. Louis, Mo., and duty at Benton Barracks, Mo., till December. Mustered out December 31, 1862.

 

 

2nd Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (US):

 

Overview:

Organized at Springfield, Mo., and Fort Smith, Ark., October, 1863, to March, 1864. Organization completed at Fort Smith March 13, 1864. Attached to District of the Frontier, Dept. of Missouri, to January, 1864. District of the Frontier, 7th Army Corps, to March, 1864. 1st Brigade, District of the Frontier, 7th Corps, to May, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 7th Corps, to December, 1864. 1st Brigade, District of the Frontier, 7th Corps, to February, 1865. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 7th Corps, to August, 1865.

 

Service:

Skirmish at Clarksville December 15, 1863. Affair at Jacksonport, Ark., November 21, 1863. At Fort Smith till March, 1864. Steele's Expedition to Camden March 23-May 3. Prairie D'Ann April 9-12. Moscow April 13. Limestone Valley April 17 (Detachment). Jenkins' Ferry, Saline River, April 30. Duty at Little Rock September 10, and duty there till October 18. Escort train to Fort Smith October-November. Moved to Clarksville December 31, and duty there and at Fort Smith till August. Mustered out August 8, 1865.

 

 

3rd Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (US):

 

Overview:

Organization not completed.

 

 

4th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (US):

 

Overview:

Organized at Batesville and Fort Smith, Ark., January to May, 1864. Attached to District of Northeast Arkansas, Dept. of Arkansas, to June, 1864. District of the Frontier, 7th Army Corps, to October, 1864.

 

Service:

Operations in Northeast Arkansas January 1-30, 1864. Lunenburg January 19 (Detachment). Morgan's Mills, Spring River, White County, February 9. Waugh's Farm, near Batesville, February 19. Scout from Batesville February 25. At Clarksville till May 18. Moved to Fort Smith May 18, and duty there till October. Organization not completed and Regiment transferred to 2nd Arkansas Infantry October 28, 1864.

 

 

 

 

 

c. Cavalry:

 

1st Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (US):

 

Overview:

Organized at Cassville and Springfield, Mo., June to August, 1862. Mustered in at Springfield, Mo., August 7, 1862. Attached to District of Southwest Missouri June to October, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of the Frontier, Dept. of Missouri, to December, 1862. Unattached Army of the Frontier, Dept. Missouri, to June, 1863. District Southwest Missouri, Dept, Missouri, to June, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Frontier Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to February, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. Arkansas, February, 1865. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. Arkansas, to August, 1865.

 

Service:

Regiment organizing at Cassville, Mo., till July 1, 1862. Moved to Springfield, Mo., July 1. Schofield's Campaign in Missouri and Arkansas August to December. 1st Battalion with Gen. Blunt and engaged near Newtonia September 15. Skirmish at Cassville September 21. Near Newtonia October 13 (1st Battalion). 2nd Battalion joins Army of the Frontier October 3. 1st and 2nd Battalions lead advance of Army during October. Stationed at Elkhorn Tavern and Cassville October 20 as outpost for 2nd and 3rd Divisions, Army Frontier. Huntsville November 5. Yocum Creek, Mo., November 15 (3 cos.). 3rd Battalion join November 11 to December 3. Moved to join Gen. Blunt December 3-5. Illinois Creek December 7. Battle of Prairie Grove December 7. Middletown December 9. Expedition from Fayetteville to Huntsville, Ark., December 21-23. Duty at Fayetteville, Ark., to April 25, 1863. Defence of Springfield, Mo., January 8, 1863 (Detachment.) Carrollton January 10. Expedition from Fayetteville to Huntsville, Ark., December 21-23. Duty at Fayetteville, Ark., to April 25, 1863. Defence of Springfield, Mo., January 8, 1863 (Detachment). Carrollton January 10. Expedition from Fayetteville to Van Buren January 23-37. Pope County January 25. Skirmishes at Vine Prairie, on White Oak River, and near mouth of Mulberry River, February 2-3. Skirmish, Pope County, February 5 (Detachment). Scout from Fayetteville to Arkansas River February 5-12. Threlkeld's Ferry February 6. Near Van Buren February 10. Arkadelphia February 15 (Detachment). White River March 6. Frog Bayou March 19. Washington and near White River March 22. Scouts from Fayetteville March 29-April 5. Cross Hollows March 30. Skirmishes in Carroll County, Mo., April 4 (Cos. "H" and "L"). White River April 9. Cabell's attack on Fayetteville April 18. Moved to Springfield, Mo., April 25-May 4. Elm Springs April 26. Duty at Springfield and Cassville till September, 1863. Skirmishes at Fayetteville June 4 and 15. Madison June 25. Near Cross Hollows July --. Cassville July 4. Near Elm Springs July 30. Pineville August 13. Washington August 30. Near Maysville Spetember 5. Expedition from Springfield, Mo., into Arkansas and Indian Territory September 7-19. Near Enterprise September 15. Operations against Shelby's Raid into Arkansas and Missouri September 22-October 21. Reoccupation of Fayetteville September 22, and stationed there till February, 1865. Cassville, Mo., September 26, 1863. Demonstration on Fayetteville October 11-14. Cross Timbers October 15. Deer Creek October 16 (Detachment). Buffalo Mountain and Harrisonville October 24. Johnson County, Ark., October 26. Expedition to Frog Bayou, Ark., November 7-13. Near Huntsville November 9. Near Kingston November 10. Mt. Ida November 12. Scout from Fayetteville Dec. 16-31. Stroud's Store December 23. Buffalo River December 25. Searcy County December 31. Operations in Northwest Arkansas, Newton, Searcy, Izzard and Carroll Counties, against guerrillas January 16-February 15, 1864. Clear Creek and Tomahawk January 22. Bailey's Crooked Creek Janaury 23. Rolling Prairie and near Burrowsville January 23. Crooked Creek February 5. White River February 7. Expedition against Freeman's Forces February 12-20. Black's Mills February 17. Carrollton March 13. Ben Brook's Mills March 27. Charlestown April 4. Skirmishes on Arkansas River and near Prairie Grove April 6-7. Rhea's Mills April 7. Washington May 28. Van Buren July 7. Operations in Central Arkansas August 9-15. Fayetteville August 14. Operations in Southwest Missouri and Northwest Arkansas August 15-24. Carrollton August 15. Richland Creek August 16. Expedition in Washington and Benton Counties August 21-27. Mud Town August 24. Fayetteville August 27. Richland September 6. Scout from Fayetteville to Huntsville September 14. Huntsville September 18 (Detachment). Skirmishes, Barry County, October 8 and 18. Fayetteville October 14. Crawford County October 19. Benton County October 20. Fayetteville and Van Buren October 20. Operations about Fayetteville October 25-November 4. Skirmishes at Bentonville and Newbeon Bridge October 25. Van Buren October 26. Fayetteville October 27-28. Duty about Fayetteville and at Fort Smith till August, 1865. Skirmish near Van Buren April 2, 1865. Mustered out August 20, 1865.

 

 

2nd Regiment Arkansas Cavalry (US):

s. Pvt George P. *Hughes (Co H)

 

Overview:

Organized at Fayetteville, Ark., and mustered in March 25, 1863. Attached to District Southwest Missouri, Dept. Missouri to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, District of the Frontier, Dept. Missouri, to January, 1864. 2nd Brigade, District of the Frontier, 7th Army Crops, Dept. of Arkansas, to March, 1864. 1st Brigade, District of the Frontier, 7th Army Corps, to February, 1865. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 7th Army Corps, to August, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Fayetteville, Ark., till April, 1863. Cabell's attack on Fayetteville April 18. March to Springfield, Mo., April 25-May 4, and duty there till July. Newton County June 14. Moved to Cassville July 6. Joined Army of the Frontier at Fort Gibson, C. N., August 17. Pursuit of Cabell to Perryville August 22-26. Perryville August 26. Devil's Back Bone, Back Bone Mountain, Fort Smith, September 1. Capture of Fort Smith September 1, and duty there till March, 1864. Moffatt's Station, Franklin County, September 27, 1863. Mt. Ida November 13. Scout from Waldron to Mt. Ida, Caddo Gap and Dallas December 2-7. Steele's Expedition to Camden March 23-May 3. Prairie D'Ann April 9-13. Moscow April 13. Camden April 15-18. Jenkins' Ferry, Saline River, April 30. March to Fort Smith May 1-16. Garrison duty at Fort Smith and escort and duty on the Frontier till August, 1865. Skirmish, Bates Township, November 2, and Newton County, November 15, 1864. Mustered out August 10, 1865.

 

 

3rd Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (US):

 

Overview:

Organized at Little Rock, Ark., February, 1864. Attached to Post of Little Rock, Ark., 7th Army Corps, Dept. Arkansas, to May, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 7th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 4th Brigade, Cavalry Division, 7th Army Corps, to February, 1865. Post of Lewisburg, Ark., 7th Army Corps, to August, 1865.

 

Service:

Operations in Northwest Arkansas January 16-February 15, 1864. Expedition from Batesville to near Searcy Landing January 30-February 3 (Detachment). Dardanelle March 15-17. Steele's Camden Expedition March 23-May 3. Skirmishes on Benton Road March 23-24. Rockport and Dover March 25. Quitman March 26. Arkadelphia March 29. Near Camden March 30. Spoonville and Terre Noir Creek April 2. Okolona April 2-3. Elkin's Ferry, Little Missouri River, April 3-4. Prairie D'Ann April 9-12. Camden April 15-18. Mark's Mills April 25. Jenkins' Ferry, Saline River, April 30. Operations against Shelby North of Arkansas River May 13-31. Cypress Creek May 13. Princeton May 27. At Lewisburg till September. Lewisburg June 10. Scout from Lewisburg June 20-23. Operations against Guerrillas in Arkansas July 1-31. Searcy County July 4. Petit Jean, Arkansas River, July 10. Near Pine Bluff July 22 (Detachment). Scout in Yell County July 25-August 11 (Detachment). Operations in Central Arkansas and Skirmishes August 9-15. Near Dardanelle August 30. Near Beattie's Mill September 1. Near Quitman September 2. Operations about Lewisburg September 6-8. Norristown September 6. Point Remove September 7-8. Glass Village September 8. Scout to Norristown and Russellville September 9-12 (Co. "D") Ordered to Little Rock September 10, and duty there till February, 1864. Expedition from Little Rock to Fort Smith September 25-October 13 (Detachment). Skirmishes at Clarksville September 28. White Oak Creek September 29. Clarksville October 9. Reconnoissance from Little Rock toward Monticello and Mt. Elba October 4-11. Expedition to Fort Smith November 5-23. Near Cypress Cree, Perry County, December 1 (Co. "C"). Perry County December 4. Operations in Arkansas January 1-27, 1865. Dardanelle January 14. Ivey's Ford Janaury 17. Boggs' Mills January 24. Duty at Lewisburg and operations against Guerrillas in that vicinity till August. Near Lewisburg February 12. Scout from Lewisburg into Yell and Searcy Counties March 12-23. Mustered out August 20, 1865.

 

 

4th Arkansas Cavalry Regiment (US):

s. Col Lafayette *Gregg; Col Marshal LaRue *Harrison; Lt Brackin *Lewis; Lt John Wortman *Morris; Pvt Robert R. *Fallin

 

Overview:

Organized at Little Rock December, 1863. Attached to Post of Little Rock, Ark., 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to May, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Ark., to September, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, 7th Army Corps, to February, 1865. Unassigned, 7th Army Corps, to March, 1865. Cavalry Brigade, Little Rock, Ark., 7th Corps, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Little Rock, Ark., till June, 1865. Skirmish at Saline River, Ark., February 15, 1864. Cedar Glade March 1. Scout to Benton March 27-31. Mt. Elba March 30. Jenkins' Ferry, Camden, April 15. Dardanelle May 15-17. Operations in Arkansas against Guerril­las July 1-31. Near Benton July 6. Montgomery County July 11. Caddo Gap July 12. Fair's Mills and Bayou des Arc July 14. Saline River July 16. Scout to Benton September 6-7. Reconnoissance toward Monticello and Mt. Elba October 4-11. Reconnoissance to Princeton October 19-23. Skirmish, Hurricane Creek, October 23. Scout from Devall's Bluff to Searcy and Clinton November 9-15. Expedition from Little Rock to Fort Smith September 25-October 13. Skirmishes at Clarksville September 28 and October 9. White Oak Creek September 29. Scout from Little Rock to the Saline River April 26-29, 1865. Scout from Little Rock to Bayou Metoe and Little Bayou May 6-11. Mustered out June 30, 1865.

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Bromley, J. N.:: Biography of John W. Morris, 1916; 1 roll. Mrs. J. N. Bromley of Marshall (Searcy County) wrote this biography of her father, Lieutenant John Wortman Morris, Company H, First Arkansas Cavalry (Union), in 1916. Much of it is genealogical in­formation on the Morris family. Although Morris served with the Union army only briefly, he did participate in the opening move­ments of the battle of Prairie Grove (Washington County). Microfilm copy of an original typewritten manuscript held by the Un­iversity of Central Arkansas (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

- **Gregg Family. Papers, 1853-1983; 2 linear feet. Family correspondence, legal files, and photographs pertaining to the Lafayette Gregg family of Fayetteville (Washington County). Lafayette Gregg (1825-1891) was an attorney, soldier, Arkansas Supreme Court justice, president of the Bank of Fayetteville, and one of the founding fathers of the Arkansas Industrial University (University of Ar­kansas). Most of the materials in this collection pertain to Lafayette's descendents in the early twentieth century, but a small group of records concern his service as colonel commanding the Fourth Arkansas Cavalry (Union). These records include the following: a medical statement dated January 1863, exempting Lafayette from service in the local militia; a travel pass and bond issued to Lafa­yette for a trip to Little Rock (Pulaski County) to consult with Governor Harris *Flanagin in May 1863; two orders pertaining to the Fourth Arkansas Cavalry and its operations around Little Rock; and an official discharge certificate issued to Lafayette Gregg in June 1865. (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990)

 

 

 

 

d. Artillery:

 

1st Battery, Arkansas Light Artillery:

 

Overview:

Organized at Fayetteville, Ark., and Springfield, Mo., January to August, 1863. At Fayetteville, Ark., January to April, 1863. Moved to Springfield, Mo., April 25-May 4, and duty there till September 21. Expedition from Springfield into Arkansas and Indian Territory September 7-19. Near Enterprise, Mo., September 15. Moved to Fayetteville, Ark., September 21, and duty there till March, 1864. Attached to District of Southwest Missouri, Dept. Missouri, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, District of the Frontier, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to January, 1865. Artillery, 3rd Division, 7th Army Corps, to February. 1865. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 7th Army Corps, to August, 1865.

 

Service:

Actions at Cross Timbers, Mo., October 15 and 20, 1863. Moved to Fort Smith, Ark., March 19, 1864. Steele's Expedition to Camden March 23-May 3. Prairie D'Ann April 9-13. Van Buren April 12. Camden April 15. Poison Springs April 18. Jenkins' Ferry, Saline River, April 30. March to Fort Smith May 3-16. Garrison duty there and at Fort Gibson till August, 1865. Action at Prior Creek September 18, 1864. Mustered out August 10, 1864.

 

 

 

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