Version 13.7.2019

 

Litera D

(Da)

 

 

Dabney, Chiswell:

CS-Captain/Inspector; General and Staff Officers, Non-Regimental Enlisted Men, CSA (National Park Soldiers M818 Roll 7); 1862 Adjutant of JEB Stuart (Hennessy: Return to Bull Run, p. 46), also 1863 Lt Dabney was member of Stuart's staff (Ryan: Spies, p. 203; Trout: With Pen and Saber, p. 216).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Dabney, Chiswell: Papers; in: Saunders Family Papers, Virginia Historical Society, Richmond

 

 

Dabney, Robert Lewis:

CS-Major; Stabschef von Stonewall Jackson

 

graduiert in Theologie am Hampden-Sidney College der University of Virginia und am Union Theological Seminary (Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, p. 166); Vorkriegszeit Presbyterianischer Pfarrer; brillianter Theologe von nationaler Reputa­tion, ohne jede militärische Erfah­rung (Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, p. 166); im Sommer 1861 kurze Zeit Chaplain eines Regiments (Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, p. 166). Anschließend erneut Theologe am Seminar; nachdem seine meisten Studenten sich dienstverpflichteten, suchte Dabney eine neue Aufgabe, die ihm daraufhin Stonewall Jackson anbot (Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, p. 166). Dabney war seit Ende April 1862 Jackson's Stabschef im Rang eines Majors und berichtete daher aus nächster Nähe (Piston: Lee's Tarnished Lieutenant, p. 99; Krick: Conquering the Valley, p. 1; Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, p. 166). Dab­ney resigned im August 1862 (Krick: Cedar Mountain, p. 360). Autor von "Life and Campaigns of Lieut.-Gen. Thomas J. Jackson" (New York: Blelock, 1866).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Dabney, Robert L. Papers; Union Theological Seminary in Virginia, Richmond/VA: Extensive material collected by Jackson's prin­cipal assistant in the Valley Campaign, Robert L. Dabney including some correspondence to Jackson not cited elsewhere. Virginia State Library, Richmond Virginia (Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, p. 572)

- **Dabney, Robert Lewis: Life and Campaigns of Lieut.-Gen. Thomas J. Jackson (Stonewall Jackson), New York: Blelock, 1866

- Dabney, R. L.: „Memoranda for Col. Henderson,“ no date, Container 32, Hotchkiss Papers, Library of Congress, Washington/DC

- Johnson, Thomas C.: The Life and Letters of Robert Lewis Dabney (Richmond, 1903)

- Krick, Robert: Cedar Mountain, p. 139, 360, 415 n. 55

- McDonald, William: A History of the Laurel Brigade. Originally the Ashby Cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia and Chew's Battery (Maryland, 1907; Reprint John Hopkins University Press: Baltimore, Maryland, 2002); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik118, S. 34, 42-43, 61-62

- Piston, William Garrett: Lee's Tarnished Lieutenant. James Longstreet and His Place in Southern History (The University of Geor­gia Press: Athens and London, 1987); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik78/1, S. 99

- Robertson: Stonewall Brigade, p. 20

 

 

Dacier, Capt.:

CS-Captain (Chestnut, Diary, S. 50).

 

 

Dacus, Robert H.:

CS-Pvt, Co. 'H' 1st Arkansas Mounted Rifles (1st Arkansas Cavalry).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Dacus, Robert H. Reminiscences of Company "H," First Arkansas Mounted Rifles. [Dardanelle, Ark.: Post-Despatch Print, 1897]. Reprint ed., Dayton, Ohio: Morningside Bookshop, 1972.

 

 

Daeuble, John (D):

US-1st Sergeant; Co. E, 6th Regiment Kentucky Infantry (www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 11.6.2016, Mitteilung von Joseph R. Reinhart und Inschrift auf dem Grabstein auf dem Marietta National Cemetery, Cobb County/Georgia, Photo bei www.findagrave.c­om; Anm.: bei National Park Soldiers nicht genannt).

 

1st Sgt. John Daeuble was mortally wounded in the breast on May 27, 1864 in the Battle of Pickett's Mill, Georgia. He died the next day. He served in Company E of the 6th Kentucky Volunteer Infantry Regiment U.S. Company E and three other companies in this regiment comprised German-born men from Louisville. First Sergeant John Double was born at Muelheim am Bach in Württemberg, Germany; geb. 28.12.1839 Germany - † 28.5.1864 Pickett's Mill, Paulding County/Georgia (www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 11.6.2016).

 

Photo:

- www.findagrave.com

 

Documents/Literature:

- Reinhart, Joseph R., ed. and trans.: Two Germans in the Civil War: The Diary of John Daeuble and the Letters of Gottfried Rentsch­ler, 6th Kentucky Volunteer Infantry (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2004)

 

 

Dahlgren, John A.:

US-Rear Admiral, 1861 Offizier im Washington Navy Yard. Lincoln lernte den damaligen Commander Dahlgren kurz nach Kriegs­ausbruch kennen, und besuchte ihn in der Folge öfter; Dahlgren's Einfluß auf den Präsidenten war in der Folge beträchtlich (Anders­on, Bern: By Sea and River, p. 4)

 

Photo:

- Anderson: By Sea and by River, nach S. 96

 

Documents/Literature:

Dahlgren, Madeleine Vinton: The Memoirs of John A. Dahlgren, New York 1891

 

 

Dahlgren, Ulric:

US-Col; Sohn von Admiral John A. Dahlgren.

 

1863 war Dahlgren a member of the staff of the Hooker's Army of the Potomac. He was sent by MajGen Hooker in the beginning of the Gettysburg Campaign to MajGen Pleasonton, commander of the Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, with verbal orders, where to reconnoiter against Lee's Army of Northern Virginia (Ryan: Spies, p. 188).

 

Dahlgren zeichnete sich in den Schlachten von Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville und Gettysburg aus. 1863 US-Captain 18th Pennsyl­vania Cavalry; verwundet (und verlor hierdurch ein Bein) während der Verfolgung Lee's nach der Schlacht von Gettysburg am 6.7.1863 in Hagerstown / MD.

 

Teilnehmer des Kilpatrick/Dahlgren Raid nach Richmond im Februar / März 1864. Col. Dahlgren ist hierbei gefallen. In seinen Klei­dern wurden Unterlagen gefunden, die bewiesen, daß die Absicht des Raids darin bestand, führende Konföderierte umzubringen oder zu entführen. Die Entdeckung war eine Sensation und veranlaßte viele Konföderierte, ähnliche Aktionen gegen den Norden zu for­dern (Tidwell: Confederate Covert Action in the American Civil War, p. xiii; Hall, James A.: "The Dahlgren Papers," Civil War Times Illustrated 22 [Nov. 1983], S. 416-18)

 

Mary Chestnut (A Diary of Dixie, p. 294) berichtet: "..told me of Colonel Dahlgren's Death and the horried memoranda found in his pocket. He came with secret orders to destroy this devoted city, hang the president and his Cabinet, and burn the town!"

 

Der Norden erklärte nach einer Untersuchung, es handele sich bei den "Dahlgren Papers" um eine Fälschung des Südens, um von der Mißhandlung der US-Kriegsgefangenen abzulenken (Pond, p. 96). General Lee dagegen sandte Photographien von den handschriftli­chen Aufzeichnungen an US-Gen Meade mit der Aufforderung, zu erklären, ob diese Papiere von der US-Regierung oder höheren Kommandostellen autorisiert seien (Pond, Battles and Leaders IV, p. 96) und gab die Informationen an die Pres­se des Nordens wei­ter++++. Tidwell (, S. 224 Anm. 13) führt aus, daß die persönliche Verwicklung Lincoln's in die Affaire tiefer sei, als zunächst ange­nommen.

 

3.4.1842 Bucks County, Pa. - † kia 2.3.1864 Stevensville, King and Queen County, Va, aged 21 years, buried Laurel Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia (www.findagrave.com, accessed 13.12.2018).

 

Sein Vater litt sehr unter dem Tod des Sohnes (Welles, Diary II 7)

 

Photo:

- Captain Ulric Dahlgren: findagrave.com, Archiv Ref, Bilder, American Civil War

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Beale, R. L. T.: "Part Taken by the Ninth Virginia Cavalry in Reppeling the Dahlgren Raid." Southern Historical Society Papers 3 (1877), S. 219-21

- Chestnut, Mary: A Diary from Dixie, p. 294

- **Dahlgren, J. A.: Memoir of Ulric Dahlgren (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1872)

- George, Jr., Joseph: "Black Flag Warfare: Lincoln and the Raids against Richmond and Jefferson Davis," The Pennsylvania Magazi­ne of History and Biographie 115 (July 1991), S. 291-318

- Pond, George E.: Kilpatrick's and Dahlgren's Raid to Richmond; in: Battles and Leaders Vol. IV, S. 95/96

- Schultz, Duane: The Dahlgren Affair. Terror and Conspiracy in the Civil War (New York: W. W. Norton & Comp, 1999)

- St. Clair, Hughes: Hugh St. Clair's Civil War Diary,1

 

 

Dale, Matt:

CS-Major; † gef. 17.9.1862 im Battle of Antietam; 1st Texas Infantry Regiment; er trat 2nd Lieutenant Co. G; promoted to Major 19.5.1862 (http://texas-brigade.org/1st_tex/1texrosterhq.htm).

 

 

Dame, William Meade:

CS-Pvt; R. M. Anderson's Company, Virginia Light Artillery (1st Company Richmond Howitzers) (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 14).

 

Dame was a Private in the First Company, Richmond Howitzers and went on to become an Episcopal Minister in Baltimore and was known as the "Bishop of Bolton Street".

 

Dame took part at the Battle of Chancellorsville and remembered having seen Gen Lee on his way to meet Stonewall Jackson (Sears: Chancellorsville, p. 197).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Dame, William M.: Letters. Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania National Military Park, Fredericksburg VA

- Dame, William Meade D. D.: From the Rapidan to Richmond (Baltimore 1920); 213 pp. Nevins says these memoirs "contain a we­alth of human interest stories relative to the Army of Northern Virginia's last year."

 

 

Dana, Amasa E.:

US-Captain; zunächst First Lieutenant Co E, 8th Illinois Cavalry Regiment (Martin: Gettysburg, p. 67, 68), bzw. Co. L (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll21).

 

Teile der Co E unter Lt Marcellus *Jones bildeten am 1.7.1863 den vorgeschobenem Vorposten der 8th Illinois Cavalry westlich von Gettysburg an der Straße nach Cashtown (Anm. beim Marsh Creek); seine Männer waren die ersten US-Soldaten die auf CS-Truppen trafen (Martin: Gettysburg, p. 63). Jones feuerte einen der er­sten Schüsse im Battle of Gettysburg ab (Martin, p. 63 mit S. 606n27); Captain Dana stieß mit weiteren Teilen seiner Co E zur Unterstützung von Jones vor; Teilnahme am verzöger­ten Gefecht gegen Ar­cher's Brigade und schrittweiser Rückzug der Co E 8th Illinois Cavalry nach Herr Ridge (Martin: Gettys­burg, p. 68).

 

Van de Graaf's battalion (5th Alabama Battalion), supported by Companies B and G of the 13th Alabama under Lieutenant Will Craw­ford fanned (aufgefächert) out ahead of Archer's Brigade, not quite 200 men in all. Facing the Alabama troops initially was Company E, 8th Illinos Cavalry – just forty men spread across several hundred yards. The Federal's Spencer repeater, however, crea­ted the impression of a significantly larger force as the Confederates began to push their way through wheatfields alongside the road. „The true character and length of our line soon became known to the eneny“ reported Lieutenant Amasa Dana, „and promptly moved upon our frint and flanks“ (Newton: McPherson's Ridge, p. 27).

 

Photo:

von Matthew Brady: General A. T. A. Torbert and Staff, 1864; der 8. von links ist Captain Amasa E. Dana (left hand and swort on left knee, wears goatee [Spitzbart]) (Hinweis von John Beckendorf bei http://westcoastcwc.com/cgi-bin/display_Items_Ref.asp?Cat=18&Sub=52).

 

 

Dana, Charles Anderson:

Assistant US-Secretary of War; *in New Hampshire am 8.8.1819-1897; in der Vorkriegszeit war Dana fast 15 Jahre lang Journalist, Anteilseigner und Managing Editor in Horace Greeley's New York Tribune (Rankin, Charles E.: Introduction to Dana, Recollec­tions; , S. vi, 1; Miles: A River Unvexed, p. 335); im April 1862 von Greeley ohne Angabe von Gründen gefeuert (Dana, Recollecti­ons, S. 1); Dana vermutet als Grund für die Entlassung, daß Dana eine belligeristische, Greeley dagegen eine Peace-Hal­tung vertrat (Dana, Recollections, p. 2). Dana wurde im Mai 1862 vom Kriegsministerium mit der Leitung der Untersu­chung gegen Capt. Reuben B. *Hatch beauftragt, den der Korruption verdächtigten Assistant Quartermaster in Cairo (Potter, Sul­tana, p. 37, 39; Dana, Recollecti­ons, S. 11).

 

Charles A. Dana war nach seiner Entlassung bei der New York Tribune ab Nov. 1862 vorübergehend im Baumwollhandel tätig (Dana, Recollections, S. 17), bis er erkannte, daß es sich um eine "bad business handelte. Dana informierte Secretary of War, Stanton, über seine Erkenntnisse und empfahl den Handel zu unterbinden, der wegen der enormen Gewinne die Armee zu korrumpieren und zu demoralisieren drohe, und die Ressourcen der CSA enorm verstärkte, durch Schmuggel insbesondere der jüdischen (!) Händler (Brief Dana's an Stanton v. 21.1.1863, abgedruckt bei: Dana, Recollections, p. 18). Lincoln erließ daraufhin ein Verbot des freien Baumwollhandels und stellte den regulierten Handel unter Staatsaufsicht; Soldaten wurde der Handel mit Baumwolle völlig verboten (Dana, Recollections, p. 20).

 

Dana was dispatched by Edwin Stanton to observe Grant after the Union loss at Shiloh. The newsman Dana became the "govern­ment's eyes at the front". His observations were originally published in 1898 (Dana, Charles A.: Recollections of the Civil War [New York: Appleton and Co., 1898; Reprint 1996]).

 

Dana war ab März 1863 Sonderbeauftragter der US-Regierung zur Überwachung der Finanzen der im Westen eingesetzten Truppen (Dana, Recollections, p. 21), tatsächlich jedoch Lincoln's und Stanton's Spion in Grant's Hauptquartier (Miles: A River Unve­xed, p. 335; Dana, Recollections, p. 21: "But your real duty will be to report to me every day what you see") Teilnah­me an Grant's Operation zur Umgehung von Vicksburg (Dana, Recollections, p. 30 ff. und 35 ff.).

 

Am 28.1.1864 (+++Datum überprüfen: nach Porter: Campaining with Grant S. 2 war Dana bereits am 23.10.1863 Assistant Secretary of War+++) wurde Dana zum First Assistant Secretary of War ernannt, und blieb auf diesem Posten bis August 1865. Anschließend kehrte Dana zum Journalismus zurück und wurde Editor und Publisher der einflußreichen New York Sun (Miles: A River unvexed, p. 335)

 

Photo:

- Dana: Recollections, Vorblatt

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Dana, Charles A.: Recollections of the Civil War (New York: Appleton and Co., 1898; Reprint 1996)

- **Dana, Charles A.: "Recollections of Men and Events of the Civil War"; in: McClure's Magazine Nr. 10 (Februar 1898) und 11 (Mai 1898), sowie in weiteren Ausgaben

 

 

Dana, Edmund L.:

US-Gen.; Dana befehligt die Aufklärung der 19th und 20th Massachusetts auf Winn’s Mill /Virginia Halbinsel (Virginia-Halbinsel Campaign April 1862; . Adams: 19th Massachusetts, p. 15; Karte bei Davis Nr. 17.1). Dana führte bei Gettysburg das 143rd Pennsyl­vania Infantry;

 

 

Dana, Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh:

US-MajGen, *++++-17.7.1905 in Portsmouth / NH. Dana war West Point Graduierter; Teilnehmer am Mexiko-Krieg, dabei schwer verwundet im Battle von Cerro Gordo; nach seiner Genesung war Dana Rekrutierungsoffizier in Boston, anschließend als Captain der Quartermaster Abteilung an die Frontier in Minnesota kommandiert. 1855 schied Dana auf eigenen Wunsch aus der Armee aus und wurde Bankier der Dana & Borup Bank in St. Paul. Bei Ausbruch des Bürgerkriegs trat Dana als Colonel der 1st Minnesota Vol­unteer Infantry wieder ein und wurde innerhalb weniger Monate zum BrigGen der Volunteers ernannt; Brigadekommandeur im 2nd Corps Army of the Potomac. Dana nahm an allen Hauptkämpfen der Peninsula Campagne 1862 in Virginia und während der Mary­land Campaign teil. In der Schlacht von Antietam wurde BrigGen Dana erneut schwer verwundet und während seiner Genesung zum MajGen der Volunteers ernannt.

 

Dana befehligte im Juni 1863 die US-Militia von Philadelphia, Pa., *Department of the Susquehanna (Coddington: Gettysburg Cam­paign, p. 144)

 

Ab 8.12.1864 war Dana Kommandeur des Departments of the Mississippi (Potter, p. 25, 49; Salecker, p. 21).

 

Anm.: Snedeker (Diary, Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik11) erwähnt am 25. und 27.9.1864 eine Revue vor Gen. Dana's Head Quarter in Vicksburg

 

Dana wurde nie irgendeines Vorwurfs ausgesetzt wegen des Untergangs der *Sultana am 27.4.1865, obwohl das tragische Unglück sich in seinem Verantwortungsbereich ereignete (Potter, Sultana, p. 176).

 

Nachkriegszeit: Dana schied aus der Armee am 27.5.1865 aus und war anschließend Generalagent der American-Russian Commerci­al Company of Alaska; später Executive Officer verschiedener Eisenbahnlinien in Chicago, Burlington und Quincy (Potter, p. 176).

 

Photo:

- Potter: Sultana Tragedy, p. 24

 

 

Dangerfield, Foxhall A.:

CS-Major; auch Daingerfield (William E. Jones Report: OR 12 [2] S. 112). Geboren am 8.2.1839 in "Westwood", Rockingham County, Va.; educated in der Semi-Military School von George B. Terrill und an der Lewisburg Academy; Studium der Rechte in der Rechtsanwaltskanzlei seines Bruders in California; Dangerfield kehrte nach Virginia zurück und nahm an der Abwehr von John *Brown's Raid teil. Anschließend Studium der Rechtswissenschaften an Law School, jetzt Washington und Lee University. 1861 wurde die Klasse aufgelöst, und Dangerfield, der zuvor noch sein Examen in Staunton abgelegt hatte, schloß sich der Cavalry Com­pany von A. T. Richards aus Bath County an. 1862 bei der Reorganisation der Einheit wurde Dangerfield zum Captain der Company gewählt, die Einheit wurde bald darauf Ashby's Command angeschlossen als 17th Battalion, und später mit der 11th Virginia Cavalry verschmolzen (McDonald: Laurel Brigade, p. 379 Anm)

 

Am 2.8.1862 kam es in *Orange Court House, Va. zu heißen Straßenkämpfen bei einer erneuten US-Aufklärung, als US-Gen S. W. Crawford mit drei US-Cavalry Regimenter (1st Vermont Cavalry, 1st Michigan Cavalry, 5th New York Cavalry) von Norden her auf Orange Court House vorstießen. Die nördliche Vorstadt wurde von Company F der 11th Virginia Cavalry unter Captain Dangerfield verteidigt, die von den zahlenmäßig stark überlegenen Angreifern durch die Stadt getrieben wurden. Zur Verstärkung wurde die 7th Virginia Cavalry unter Col. William E. "Grumble" Jones eingesetzt (Krick: Cedar Mountain, p. 9; McDonald: Laurel Bri­gade, p. 78). Hierbei wurde Dangerfield durch einen Säbelhieb schwer verwundet und gefangengenommen. Er wurde im Old Capital Prison Wa­shington inhaftiert, bald jedoch ausgetauscht (McDonald: Laurel Brigade, p. 379 Anm).

 

Anschließend erneut Kompaniechef. Battle of Wilderness; erneut verwundet im Gefecht von Sapony Church (McDonald: Laurel Bri­gade, p. 373 Anm; 379 Anm). Teilnahme am Gefecht von Trevilian; erneut verwundet im Gefecht von Amelia Springs, wo er einen Oberschenkelschuß erlitt; dennoch Teilnahme am nächsten Tag beim Angriff High Bridge. Befördert zum Major in der 11th Virginia Cavalry. Nach Appomattox kehrte er nach Virginia zurück (McDonald: Laurel Brigade, p. 379 Anm)

 

Documents/Literature:

- McDonald: Laurel Brigade, p. 78, 114, 248, 315, 372, 373 n5, 379-80 n

 

 

Daniel, A. J.:

CS-Pvt, 61st North Carolina Infantry

 

Photo:

Pvt A. J. Daniel (aus http://www.ncpublications.com/%5C%5C/nc_rostr/default.htm)

 

 

Daniel, George Hewitt:

CS-Adjutant; Co. I und F&S, 8th Regiment Georgia Infantry (State Guards) (National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 15).

 

2.10.1816 – † 22.7.1864; °° mit Hulda Battle Colley Daniel (1821-1857) (www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 10.8.2016).

 

George Hewitt Daniel had established a small grocery business in Covington, acquired land, and become thoroughly Southern in his convictions. Twice married but now a widower, the forty-seven-year-old father of three young daughters had been serving as adjutant of the 8th Regiment of Georgia militia in the trenches north of Atlanta until sometime after July 3, when he came home on sick leave. There are several versions of what happened in Covington on July 22, but the two earlier accounts insist Daniel had gone to the depot to see his youngest daughter off on the morning train to Conyers. When word arrived after her departure that the Yankees had captu­red the train, he became frantic with fatherly concern. The two stories differ slightly over just what happened next, but everyone agrees Daniel was "a very quiet, passionate man...acting on the impulse of the moment...a man of high prejudice...desirous to carry everything his own way." According to Allie Travis, a nurse at one of the Covington hospitals, the distraught father vowed to rescue his daughter or die trying. He was at the depot, waiting for someone to bring him his horse, when some of Garrard's men rode up, saw he was wearing a cartridge box, and took him prisoner. The other account, printed only two weeks after the event, maintained Daniel was still waiting for his horse when a friend advised him his daughter was safe. Greatly relieved, Daniel returned to his store but had scarcely gotten inside when Yankee troopers barged in and asked if he was a soldier. When Daniel admitted he was, his inter­rogators seemed skeptical. Two of them went outside. "Who is this man George Daniel?" they demanded of a passerby. The frighte­ned civilian, perhaps thinking the Yankees would make prisoners of any Confederate soldiers they found in Covington, unwittingly sealed Daniel's fate by describing him as "a citizen and merchant." "We'll have that man to shoot," declared one of the troopers. Con­vening a mock trial, they summarily convicted Daniel as a bushwhacker. Since a neighbor had identified him as a civilian rather than a soldier, his captors refused to treat him as a prisoner of war. Instead, two of them led Daniel to a grove of oak trees on Colonel W.W. Clark's property and shot him dead. Daniel's three daughters did not learn of the tragedy until later that afternoon, when a neighbor heard a Yankee soldier say something about leaving "a dead Reb in the woods." (aus "Sherman's Horsemen" by David Evans).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Daniel, George Hewitt (Adjutant; Co. I und F&S, 8th Regiment Georgia Infantry): Papers, Atlanta Historical Society, Georgia/ Atlanta

- Alexander, Lee G. and James G. Bogle: „George Hewitt Daniel (1817-1864).“ Atlanta Historical Bulletin 13 (September 1968): 19-53

 

 

Daniel, James B. Barrett:

CS-Sergeant; 47th Alabama Infantry. Während der Gettysburg Campaign gehörte das Regiment zum I Army Corps Longstreet 3rd Divisi­on (Hood's Division) MajGen John B. Hood, 1st Brigade BrigGen Evander McIver Law.

 

Photo:

- Penny / Laine: Struggle for the Round Tops, p. 18

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Daniel, James B. Barrett (Sergeant; 47th Alabama Infantry): Letters (Samford University Library, Birmingham, Alabama)

 

 

Daniel, James M.:

US-Pvt; Co, I, 27th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 26).

 

/missing, 1.7.1863 Gettysburg during the retreating of the regiment from Gettysburg town to Cemetery Ridge, possible buried hur­riedly grave by CS-Troops (Coco: Missing in Action, p. 19-20).

 

 

Daniel, John M.:

CS-Verleger; Herausgeber des 'Examiner' (Ruffin, Diary II 31).

 

 

Daniel, John Warwick:

+++klären+++ (Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, p. 17 iVm. S. 225n34)

 

Documents/Literature:

- Daniel, John Warwick: Papers. Virginia Historical Society, Richmond

 

 

Daniel, John Wilhite Lewis:

CS-Major; zunächst Captain Co B 15th Alabama Infantry

 

 

Daniel, Junius:

CS-BrigGen; 1828-1864; aus North Carolina; USMA 1851 (33/42); Berufsoffizier Infantry; he served in garrison and on the frontier in Indian scouting and fighting before resigning in 1858 to take his father's La. Plantation. Commissioned Col 14th Regiment North Carolina Infantry 3.6.1861; he fought in the Seven Days' Battles and had his horse shot from under him at Malvern Hill. He was ap­pointed BrigGen 1.9.1862 and was stationed in the Drewry's Bluff vicinity until sent to North Carolina in Dec. 1862. Going to Get­tysburg from there, he commanded his Brigade in Rodes' Division in Pennsylvania, and at the Wilderness and Spotsylvania. He was mortally wounded 12.5.1864 in the „Bloody Angle“ and died the next Day (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 222).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Bennett, Joseph: „Junius Daniel, Oration of Hon. Joseph Bennett, May 10, 1888.“ Raleigh News and Observer, 11.5.1888

 

 

Daniels, Charles H.:

US-Pvt; Co. C, 10th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 10).

 

15.2.1840 - † 25.2.1884, burial Bridge Street Cemetery, Northampton, Mass., ∞ Lucretia M. Camp; brother (?) of Pvt. George H. *Daniels (10th Mass. Inf) (findagrave.com, keyword John W. Daniels, accessed 15.3.2019).

 

 

Daniels, Edward:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 1st Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 7).

 

Rechtsanwalt aus Ripon / Wisconsin; Daniel stellte im Juni 1861 ein Battalion Wisconsin Cavalry auf (Quiner, E. B.: The Milita­ry History of Wisconsin, p. 79, 881) aus dem sich bis 8.3.1862 die 1st Wisconsin Cavalry entwickelte; Col 1st Wis­consin Ca­valry (Qui­ner, E. B.: The Military History of Wisconsin, p. 881)

 

 

Daniels, George H.:

US-Pvt; Co. E; 10th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 10).

 

14.6.1874 aged 31; burial Bridge Street Cemetery, Northampton, Mass., brother (?) of Pvt. Charles H. *Daniels (10th Mass. Inf) (fin­dagrave.com, keyword John W. Daniels, accessed 15.3.2019).

 

 

Daniels, John W.:

CS-Pvt; Co. E, 4th Regiment Alabama Infantry (National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 11).

 

1843 Georgia - † ?, Baldwin County, Alabama; buried Rock Cemetery, Robertsdale, Baldwin County, Alabama; ∞ Nancy Jane Da­niels (findagrave.com, accessed 15.3.2019).

 

Photo:

- findagrave.com, keyword John W. Daniels: Daniels and his wife Nancy Jane

 

 

Daniels, John Walker:

US-Pvt; Co. I, 6th Regiment Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 26).

 

6.10.1838 Lawrence County, Penn. - † Mar 1913 Youngstown, Ohio, aged 74; buried Oak Hill Cemetery, Youngstown (www.findagrave. com, accessed 15.3.2019).

 

 

Daniels, Nathan W.:

US Col, 1832-1867; stammte ursprünglich aus New York, lebte dann in Ohio; bei Kriegsausbruch lebte Daniels in Point Coupee Pa­rish, Louisiana. Bei Kriegsausbruch schloß er sich der US-Army in Ohio an und war zuletzt 1863 Offizier im Provost Marshals' Office (Weaver, p. 14). Col 2nd Regiment Louisiana Native Guard Regiment (US-Coloured Troops); eingesetzt auf *Ship Island, 10 Meilen vor der Küste von Mississippi gelegen im Golf von Mexiko westlich der Mobile Bay.

 

Photo:

- Weaver, vor Titelseite

 

Karte:

- Davis, Nr. 147 F 1

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Weaver, C. P. (ed.): Thank God my Regiment is an African One: The Civil War Diary of Colonel Nathan W. Daniels (Louisiana State University Press, 1998; Taschenbuchausgabe 2000)

 

 

Daniel, Rufus W.:

CS-Sergeant; Co. C, 6th Regiment Arkansas Infantry (National Park Soldiers M376 Roll 6).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Daniel, Rufus: Diary; United States Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, Pa. (USHMI), Civil War Misc. Collection

 

 

Danks, John:

US-LtCol; Co. F&S, 63rd Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry; zunächst Captain Co. E (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 26). Während der Gettys­burg Campaign gehörte das Regiment zu Graham's Brigade, 1st Division Birney, III. Army Corps Sickles (Gottfried: Brigades at Gettysburg, p. 188). Am Morgen des 2.7.1863 war das 63rd Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry eingesetzt an der Wheatfield Road, die bei Peach Or­chard die Emmitsburg Road kreuzte (Hessler: Sickles at Gettysburg, p. 102).

 

 

D'Aquin, Louis E.:

CS-Captain; Louisiana Guard Artillery; D'Aquin's Battery gehörte während Jackson's Vorstoß gegen Pope's neuaufgestellte Army of Virginia im Juli / August 1862 und beim Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 zu der, von A. R. *Courtney befehligten Divisionsar­tillerie der Division Ewell's (Krick: Cedar Mountain, p. 54, 69, 362). D'Aquin's Battery eröffnete neben anderen Artille­rie-Batterien das Feuer auf die US-Cavalry bei Crittenden House als Eröffnung der Schlacht von Cedar Mountain (Krick, p. 54; Grimsley: Battles in Culpeper, p. 27; OR 12 [3] 228, 237).

 

 

Darby, George W.:

US-Sgt; 8th Pennsylvania Infantry; Darby fought and was wounded at 2nd Manassas and imprisoned at Libby and Belle Isle.

 

Documents/Literature:

- Darby, George W. (8th PA Reserve Vols): The Civil War Memoirs of Sergeant George W. *Darby, 1861-1865 (Heritage Books); Edited by Rogan Moore; 185 pp; Index. Darby fought and was wounded at 2nd Manassas and imprisoned at Libby and Belle Isle. In­cludes appendices on 37th PA Vols, 191st PA Infantry and Private Goloden's wartime experiences

 

 

Darden (Dardin), Thomas E.:

CS-Pvt; Co. C, 16th Regiment Virginia Infantry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 14); Thomas E. Dardin,CS-Sergeant, 16th Regiment Virginia Infantry (Sears: Chancellorsville, p. 220 'Dardin', Register p. 581 give the rank).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Dardin, Thomas E.: Letter to Mary Collins 24.51863, Rowley-Gifford- Clegg Papers, Filson Club, Louisville, Kentucky (name gi­ven as 'Darden'

 

 

Darley, James W.:

CS-Captain; Co E 4th Alabama Infantry; verwundet in Battle of the Wilderness

 

 

Darling, Jasper T.:

US-Pvt; Co. G, 61st Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (Adjutant General Massachusetts: Massachusetts Soldiers, vol. 5, S. 151; dagegen bei National Park Soldiers named erroneously under Co. F, 60th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry [Militia]); Res. Worcester ; farmer ; 18 ; enl. and must. Feb. 21, 1865 ; must. out July 16, 1865 (Adjutant General Massachusetts: Massachusetts Soldiers, vol. 5, S. 151).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Darling, Jasper T. (Private, 61st Mass Vols): Cold Facts: The Pen of Col. Lee Writes the Indictment against the Sword of General Lee (Copy of Address given in Freeport, Illinois on May 30, 1910 at the GAR Encampment: Protesting about placement of a statue of Robert E. Lee being placed in the Capital)

 

 

D'Arnaud, Charles:

US-Captain; er wurde von MajGen Frémont vor der Beendigung der Neutralität Kentucky's im Sommer 1861 als Spion in Kentucky und im westlichen Tennessee eingesetzt, um die Grundlage eine korrekte Karte der Straßen, Brücken, Forts etc. zu erkunden (Nevins: Fré­mont, p. 492).

  •  

1861 MajGen Frémont had a really good intelligence system. He maintained a map-compilation room in the basement of his head­quarters house, and he used a scout named Charles D'Arnaud to penetrate Kentucky and Tennessee and bring back plans of roads, mi­litary installations and so on. In his manuscript memoirs Frémont says that he had D'Arnaud make a second visit to Tennessee Cum­berland area, because he intended to move south along those rivers and the Mississippi8. Presumably it was D'Arnaud Gen Grant saw in Cairo (Catton: Grant Moves South, p. 48, 494n7).

 

D'Arnaud traf bei BrigGen U. S. Grant, dem Kommandeur des Militärbezirks Southeast Missouri in Cairo am 5. September 1861 und berichtete von dem CS-Vorstoß nach Kentucky, der die Neutralität dieses Staates beendete. 'Presumably the report' D'Arnaud's veran­laßte Grant zum Vorstoß auf *Paducah (Catton: Grant Moves South, p. 48, 494n7).

 

 

Dashiell, George R.:

CS-Captain; 14th Field Battery, Texas Light Artillery (Dashiell's Battery); mustered in as 1stLt (National Park M227 Roll 9, named 'George K Dashiell'; Sibley: Confederate Artillery Organizations, p. 11); Captain 11.7.1863 (Sibley: Confederate Artillery Organizations, p. 11).

 

7.5.1864: „Dashiell's and Nichol's batteries, Waul's Legion, Pyron's and Duff's regiments, will remain in Texas, subject to order of Major-General Magruder“ (OR Ser. 063 Louisiana and the Trans-Mississippi, Chapter XLVI, p. 0812). „a No report received from Dashiell's battery since Au­gust 31, 1864. The battery is supposed to have marched to the Indian country.“ (OR Ser. 086 Louisiana and the Trans-Mississippi, Chapter LIII p. 1023).

 

11.2.1838 Issaquena County, Mississippi - † 3.2.1891 San Antonio, Texas, buried City Cemetery, San Antonio; S. of Jeremiah Yellot Dashiell (1804-1888) and Mildred Walker Hornsby Dashiell (1807-1862); Kate Ringgold Dashiell (1846-1921) (www.findagrave.com, ac­cessed 20.5.2018).

 

 

Daum, Philip:

US-LtCol; zunächst Captain Co. 1st Regiment West Virginia Artillery (National Park Soldiers M507 Roll 3); Captain Co. A, Captain Co. 1st Regiment West Virginia Artillery (Daum's Battery) (http://www.wvcivilwar.com/union-regiments/battery-a-west-virginia-light-artillery)

 

LtCol und Chief of Artillery in Shield's Division im Frühjahr 1862. Die Artillery gehörte zur Division Shields, V. Army Corps Banks und war in diesem Rahmen im Shenandoah Valley eingesetzt, bestehend aus (OR 12 [I]: 346):

- West Virginia Light Artillery Battery A

- West Virginia Light Artillery Battery B

- 1st Ohio Light Artillery Battery H

- 1st Ohio Light Artillery Battery L

- 1st US Artillery Battery $

 

LtCol Daum kommandierte die US-Artillery der Division Shield am 23.3.1862 im Battle of Kernstown, auf Pritchard's Hill (Kar­te bei Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, p. 123), bestehend aus vier Batterien (OR 12 [I]: 339 [Shield's Report]; OR 12 [I]: 359 [Daum's Report]; Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, p. 122) (B&L vol, 2, S. 299: Forces at Kerntown).

 

 

Daum, Philip:

US-Pvt, 13th New York Independent Battery, Light Artillery; enlisted 23.11.1861 at New York; mustered in as a private 23.11.1861, to serve three years; discharged for disability 29.6.1862 at Fredericks City /Maryland (Roster Thirteenth New York Independent Bat­tery, New York Light Artillery).

 

22.1.1899, beerd. Lutheran All Faiths Cemetery, Middle Village, Queens County/New York (www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Daum, Philipp:

US-Pvt; Co. H, 2nd Regiment New Jersey Infantry, enlisted 29.5.1861; † gef. 6.5.1864 im Battle of the Wilderness; beerd. Federated Baptist Cemetery, Livingston, Essex County / New Jersey (www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Daum, Philipp:

US-Pvt, Co. H, 55th Regiment New York Infantry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 13).

 

 

Davenport, Alfred:

US-Pvt; Co. G, 5th Regiment New York Infantry (Duryee Zouaves); Davenport trat als Sergeant in das Regiment ein; später Pvt (Natio­nal Park Soldiers M551 Roll 33).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Davenport, Alfred (5th New York): Camp and Field Life of the Fifth New York Infantry (Duryee Zouaves) (Olde Soldier Books - Reprint of 1879 Edition), 497 pp, Photos, Illustrated, Index, New Introduction. A Great Regimental! The 5th, always colorful in scar­let trousers and fez fought at Big Bethel, Peninsula, 2nd Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville before being mus­tered out in May, 1863. Nevins says "This thoroughly useful narrative, based on diaries and letters, covers admirably the exploits of a regiment that saw valiant service through Chancellorsville

 

 

Davenport, Edward A.:

US-+++

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Davenport, Edward A. (ed.): History of the Ninth Regiment Illinois Cavalry Volunteers (Chicago, 1888)

 

 

David, James I.:

US-Col; eingesetzt im Juli 1863 zur Abwehr von Morgan's Raid nach Kentucky, Indiana und Ohio eingesetzt zur Verstärkung der US Verteidiger (LtCol Charles S. *Hanson's 20th Kentucky Cavalry [US]) von *Lebanon, Marion County / KY (Karte bei Davis, Nr. 150 B 10) am 5.7.1863. David ging mit seinen Truppen, bestehend aus 8th Michigan Cavalry, 9th Michigan Cavalry und 11th Mi­chigan Battery zum Entsatz gegen Lebanon vor. Morgan hatte jedoch bereits Lebanon im Sturmangriff der von Duke's Brigade ge­nommen und mit der 2nd Brigade Adam R. *Johnson's den Vormarsch von David's Truppen blockiert (Horwitz: The Longest Raid, p. 27; Duke, Basil: The Century Magazine, Vol. XLI, Nr. 1 [November 1890] S. 408)

 

 

Davidson, Charles Andrew:

CS-Major; 1862 als Lieutenant bei 1st Virginia Battalion, Thomas S. *Garnett's Brigade (Krick: Cedar Mountain, p. 33, 41); Teilnah­me am Vorstoß Jackson's gegen Pope's Army of Virginia Anfang August 1862 und Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862. In der Nacht vom 8.8.1862 auf den 9.8.1862 lag die Brigade Garnett zwischen dem Rapidan River und dem Robertson's Ri­ver (Karte bei Krick: Cedar Mountain, p. 18), und vermied hierdurch, im Gegensatz zu William B. Taliaferro's Brigade, Kämpfe mit der US-Caval­ry (Krick: Cedar Mountain, p. 41; *Davidson, Charles Andrew: Letters, p. 28).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Davidson, Charles Andrew: "Major Charles A. Davidson: Letters of a Virginia Soldier." Edited by Charles W. Turner. Civil War Hist­ory 22 (1976), S. 16-40

- Krick: Cedar Mountain, p. 41, 178, 248, 298

 

 

Davidson, Greenlee:

CS-Captain; Brander's Company, Virginia Light Artillery (Letcher Artillery) (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 14).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Turner, Charles W. (ed.): Captain Greenlee Davidson, CSA, Diary and Letters 1851-1863 (Verona, Va.: McClure, 1975)

 

 

Davidson, Henry G.:

US-Major; Co. F&S, 10th Regiment Kentucky Infantry; zuvor Captain Co. A (National Park Soldiers M386 Roll 7).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Davidson, Henry G.: Papers (Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield / Illinois)

 

 

Davidson, Henry M.:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 1st Regiment Ohio Light Artillery (National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 25; Nosworthy: Bloody Crucible, p. 227).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Davidson, Henry M.: History of Battery A, First Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Light Artillery (Milwaukee, 1865)

 

 

Davidson, John:

CS-Pvt; Co. H, 55th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 10).

 

 

Davidson, John:

CS-Pvt; Co. D, 49th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 10).

 

 

Davidson, John L.:

CS-Pvt; Co. E, 1st Regiment North Carolina Infantry (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 10); 6 month, 1861

 

 

Davidson, John M.:

CS-Sergeant; Co. K, 11th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (Bethel Regiment) (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 10).

 

 

Davidson, John M.:

CS-Pvt; Co. H, 15th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 10); formerly 5th North Carolina Infantry; s. auch 44th North Carolina Vols

 

 

Davidson, John M.:

CS-1stLt; Co. C, 39th Regiment North Carolina Infantry; er trat als Pvt in das Regiment ein (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 10).

 

 

Davidson, John W.:

CS-Lt; 29th North Carolina Infantry (Castel: Decision in the West, p. 34; Anm.: die Angabe des Regiments erscheint fraglich; ein Lt John W. Davidson von der 29th NC Infantry ist weder bei National Park Soldiers noch im Roster des Regiments benannt [ dazu: Ros­ter of North Carolina Troops in the War Between the States, Volume 2, Prepared by Order of Legislature of 1881 by John W. Moore, Late Major 3rd Battalion Light Artillery, 1882]).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Davidson, John and Julia: "A Wartime Story: The Davidson Letters, 1862-1865," ed. Jane Bonner Peacock, Atlanta Historical Bulle­tin 29 (1975)

 

 

Davidson, John Wynn:

US-MajGen; 14.8.1825 Fairfax County, VA - † 26.6.1881 St. Paul / Minnesota; was a brigadier general in the United States Army du­ring the American Civil War and an American Indian fighter. In 1866, he received brevet grade appointments as a major general of volunteers and in the regular U.S. Army for his Civil War service (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Davidson).

 

He graduated from West Point. Shortly after graduation he was promoted to 2nd lieutenant in the 1st U.S. Dragoons and participated in the Mexican-American War, seeing considerable action at the San Pasqual and the Rio San Gabriel battles. Following the war, Da­vidson was promoted to 1st lieutenant and assigned to the Western frontier. He served as the regimental quartermaster and adjutant. He led the 1st Cavalry Regiment against the Jicarilla Apaches in the Battle of Cieneguilla on 30.3.1854, where he was badly defeated in what was to be the fourth worst defeat suffered by the American military during the Western Indian Wars. In 1855 Davidson was promoted captain and was in command of Fort Tejon, California when the American Civil War erupted (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Davidson).

 

He was allegedly offered a commission in the Confederate Army but turned it down. Davidson was transferred to the east and took command of a brigade in the newly formed Army of the Potomac. On 6.2.1862, President Abraham Lincoln appointed Davidson to the grade of brigadier general of U.S. volunteers, to rank from February 3, 1862, the same day the U.S. Senate confirmed the pre­viously submitted nomination. General Davidson assumed command of the 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, IV. Corps during the Peninsula Campaign. He fought at the battles of Yorktown and Williamsburg. During the Seven Days Battles he received brevet promotions in the Regular Army for his service at Gaines' Mill and Golding's Farm. Shortly after the culmination of the Seven Days' fighting, Davidson was transferred to the Trans-Mississippi Theater where he was placed in command of the Dist. of St. Louis. From December 3, 1862 to March 26, 1863 he was also in command of the so-called Army of Southeast Missouri until much of his army was transferred to Ulysses S. Grant in preparation for the Vicksburg Campaign. He retained command of the Dist. of St. Louis until June 16, 1863 when he briefly commanded the Dist. of Southeast Missouri (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Davidson).

 

From August 10 to November 3, 1863 Davidson commanded the 1st Division of Frederick Steele's Army of Arkansas in his most dist­inguished role in the west. He led Union advance into central Arkansas and won the battle of Bayou Fourche, which led directly to the fall of Confederate-held Little Rock. After the Little Rock expedition, Davidson commanded the cavalry in the Dept. of the Gulf before returning to command the cavalry in the Dist. of Southeast Missouri. For the remainder of the war, Davidson held va­rious ad­ministrative commands in Mississippi. He was mustered out of the volunteer service on January 15, 1866. On January 13, 1866, Pre­sident Andrew Johnson nominated Davidson for appointment to the grade of brevet major general of volunteers to rank from March 13, 1865, and the U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment on March 12, 1866. On April 10, 1866, President Johnson no­minated Da­vidson for appointment to the grade of brevet brigadier general, U.S. Army, to rank from March 13, 1865, and the U.S. Senate con­firmed the appointment on May 4, 1866. On July 17, 1866, President Johnson nominated Davidson for appointment to the grade of brevet major general, U.S. Army, to rank from March 13, 1865, and the U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment on July 23, 1866 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Davidson).

 

Following the end of the American Civil War Davidson was again posted on the Western frontier, this time as a lieutenant colonel of the 10th Cavalry, known as the Buffalo Soldiers. It was there that he acquired the nickname "Black Jack." In 1879 he was transferred to the 2nd Cavalry as colonel, at Fort Custer in the Montana Territory. Davidson died in St. Paul, Minnesota, in 1881 after being se­riously injured by a fall from a horse during an inspection tour. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery (http://en.wikipe­dia.org/wiki/John_Davidson).

 

 

Davidson, Peter:

US-Captain; Batteriechef Battery A 2nd Illinois Light Artillery (Peoria Battery). In der Pea Ridge Campaign vom Frühjahr 1862 ge­hörte die Peoria Battery zur 2nd Brigade Col Julius *White 3rd Division Jefferson C. *Davis in Samuel R. *Curtis Army of the Southwest (Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, p. 333); die Battery umfaßte zwei 65-pounder Rifled Guns, zwei 6-pounder Guns und zwei 12-pounder Howitzers (Shea Hess, p. 333). Die Battery wurde bei der Verstärkung von Osterhaus 1st Division bei Oberson‘s Field ein­gesetzt (Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, p. 121, 131 mit Karten S. 108, 123, 132).

 

 

Davidson, William Lott:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 5th Regiment Texas Cavalry (Mounted Rifles) (National Park Soldiers M227 Roll 9); 1862 Teilnahme an Sibley's New Mexico Campaign; in Nachkriegszeit vorübergehend Herausge­ber des 'Overton Texas Sharp-Shooter' (Alberts: Battle of Glorie­ta, p. 183 n 29, )

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Davidson, William Lott: "Reminiscenses of the Old Brigade - on the March - in the Tent - in the Field - as Witnesses by the Wri­ters during the Rebellion," February 23, 1888 (this is a continuous series of articles in Overton [Texas] Sharp-Shooter from October 1887 to March 1889 - Davidson was a private [and sometimes sergeant] in Comp A, 5th Texas Mounted Volunteers. As editor of this short-lived newspaper, he was the primary author of these articles, although he collaborated with Capt. Charles C. Lynn und Lt. Phi­lip Ful­crod, both Sibley Brigade veterans, in some issues; a invaluable source of information (Alberts: The Battle of Glorieta, p. 183 Anm. 29)

 

 

Davies, Henry E.:

US-+++Gen; 1836-94; aus New York; Studium in Harvard und Williams; graduiert von der Columbia University; Rechtsanwalt; 9.5.1861 Captain 5th New York Cavalry; am 1.8.1861 zum Major in Judson H. *Kilpatrick's 2nd New York Cavalry befördert (Boat­ner, p. 223).

 

Das Regiment unternahm am 20.7.1862 einen Raid gegen *Beaver Dam Station, Va. (hierzu Freeman: Lee, p. 263, Stuar­t's Report OR 12 [2] S. 119; OR 12 [3] S. 916). Dabei wurde der an der Eisenbahn wartende John *Mosby gefangen genommen (Stuart's Re­port OR 12 [2] S. 119; Ramage: Grey Ghost, p. 51; Siepel: Mosby, p. 59; Mosby: Reminiscenses, p. 129; Jones: Ranger Mosby, p. 63; Siepel, schreibt die Festnahme Col. J. Mansfield Davies zu, Ramage, Col. J. M. Davies; in der 2nd New York Cavalry gab es je­doch nur Major Henry E. Davies; auch die Angabe des Ranges von Davies als Col der 2nd New York Cavalry kann nicht zutreffen, da das Regiment von Col Judson H. *Kilpatrick als Regimentskommandeur geführt wurde (Kilpatrick's Report: OR 12 [2} S. 102-103).

 

Col Judson H. *Kilpatrick unternimmt am 22./23.7.1862 mit Abteilungen seines 2nd New York Cavalry Regiments (Harris Light Ca­valry) unter Teilnahme von Major Henry E. Davies, der 3rd Indiana Cavalry unter Major George H. *Chapman und der 14th Broo­klyn Cavalry (Division BrigGen Rufus King, McDowell's Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia) von Fredericksburg (Stackpole: From Ce­dar Mountain, p. 28) aus einen Vorstoß gegen ein Camp der CS-Truppen, welches bei Carmel Church vermutet wurde; dort legt er einen Hinterhalt, verfolgt angreifende Rebellen bis kurz vor Hanover Junction, wo er das CS-Camp zerstört und wird schließ­lich von überlegenen Kräften unter Jeb Stuart vertrieben (Kilpatrick's Report: OR 12 [2} S. 102-103; King's Report: OR 12 [2] S. 102; Mo­socco: Chronological Tracking of the Civil War, p. 77).

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History. Vol: 2: Vicksburg to Appomattox, p. 327 (im Stab Sheridan's während der Valley Cam­paign 1864)

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Davies, Henry: General Sheridan (New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1899)

 

 

Davies, J. Mansfield:

US-Col (Rang nach Ramage: Grey Ghost, p. 51; Siepel: Mosby, p. 59); 2nd New Cavalry (Harris Light Cavalry); sein Regiment un­ternahm am 20.7.1862 einen Raid gegen *Beaver Dam Station, Va. (hierzu Freeman: Lee, p. 263,; Stuart's Report OR 12 [2] S. 119; OR 12 [3] S. 916). Dabei wurde der an der Eisenbahn wartende John *Mosby gefangen genommen (Stuart's Report OR 12 [2] S. 119; Ramage: Grey Ghost, p. 51; Siepel: Mosby, p. 59; Mosby: Reminiscenses, p. 129; Jones: Ranger Mosby, p. 63; Siepel, schreibt die Festnahme Col. J. Mansfield Davies zu, Ramage, Col. J. M. Davies; in der 2nd New York Cavalry gab es jedoch nur Major Henry E. Davies; auch die Angabe des Ranges von Davies als Col der 2nd New York Cavalry kann nicht zutreffen, da das Regiment von Col Judson H. *Kilpatrick als Regimentskommandeur geführt wurde (Kilpatrick's Report: OR 12 [2} S. 102-103).

 

 

Davies, Thomas A.:

US-+++Gen;

 

 

Davis, Amanda:

s. Amanda *Bradford

 

 

Davis, Andrew F.:

US-1stLt; Co. F; 15th Regiment Indiana Infantry; er trat als First Sergeant in das Regiment ein (National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 18).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Davis, Andrew F.: Letter to brother; United States Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, Pa. (USHMI), Civil War Times Collection.

 

 

Davis, Benjamin F. "Grimes":

US-Col; 1832-1863; stammte aus Alabama, appointed Mississippi (Boatner, p. 224); West Point 1854 (32/46); US-Berufsoffi­zier In­fantrie-Cavalry; Einsatz an der Frontier und Indianerkämpfen, dabei verwundet; US-Captain 1st US Cavalry 30.6.1861. Trotz seiner südlichen Herkunft blieb Davis in der US-Army. LtCol 1st California Cavalry 19.8 - 1.11.1861. Zunächst in der Verteidigung von Washington DC eingesetzt, dann bei Yorktown und Williamsburg. Col 8th New York Cavalry ab 25.6.1862. Davis unternahm den be­rühmten Ausbruch aus dem belagerten Harper's Ferry. Während Lee's Maryland Campaign vom September 1862 belagerte Stonewall Jackson Harper's Ferry. Als Jackson die US-Garnison zur Übergabe ihrer unhaltbaren Position aufforderte, unternahm Da­vis mit Zu­stimmung seiner Vorgesetzten einen erfolgreichen Ausbruch, bei dem er seine 8th New York Cavalry zusammen mit der 12th Illinois Cavalry, 1st Maryland Cavalry und 1st Rhode Island Cavalry mit insgesamt 1300 Mann nachts durch die feindlichen Li­nien führte und auch noch den 97 Wagen umfassenden CS-Munitionstrain entführte (Longacre: Lincoln's Cavalrymen, p. 101-102 m.w.N).

 

Im April/Mai war Col Davis Brigadekommandeur während Stoneman's Raid in the Chancellorsville Campaign (Central Viginia Raid) (Longacre, Edward G.: Mounted Raids of the Civil War, p. 154).

 

1863 war Davis Brigadekommandeur der 1st Cavalry Brigade 1st Cavalry Division Buford im Cavalry Corps Pleasonton's der Army of the Potomac. Die Brigade bestand aus 8th Illinois Cavalry, 12th Illinois Cavalry, 3rd Indiana Cavalry und 8th New York Cavalry (Gliederung B & L, vol III, S. 437). Er fiel beim Battle of Brandy Station am 9.6.1863.

 

Die 8th New York Cavalry bildete am 9.6.1863 die Vorhut von Buford’s Cavalry beim Übersetzen über Beverly Ford am Rappahan­nock, beim Vormarsch zum Battle of Brandy Station (Starr: The Union Cavalry, vol. I, S. 378). Unmittelbar nach dem Flußübergang erfolgte ein Gegenangriff der 6th Virginia Cavalry unter Major C. E. Flourney. Davis war gerade dabei, die über den Fluß übergehen­den Regimenter einzuweisen, als der Gegenangriff erfolgte. Hierbei wurde er von Lt R. V. Allen von der 6th Virginia Cavalry er­schossen wurde (Starr: Union Cavalry, vol. I, S. 378 Anm. 37; McClellan: I Rode with JEB Stuart, p. 265). Elias Beck, Regimental Surgeon der 3rd Indiana Cavalry, schrieb in einem Brief an seine Frau vom 10.6.1863: "... our Briga­de Commander Col. Davis was killed, ... (He) was ... a proud tyrannical devil - & had the ill will of his whole Command - § Il bet was killed by our own men (Elias W. H. Beck, "Letters of a Civil War Surgeon," Indiana Magazine of History, XXVII [1931], S. 154).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Bell, Thomas: At Harper's Ferry, Va., September 14, 1862: How the Cavalry Escaped ... (Brooklyn, New York: privately issued, 1900)

- Boatner, p. 224

- Longacre: Lincoln's Cavalrymen, p. 101-102 m.w.N

- In Memoriam: Hasbrouck *Davis .... n. p., 1871

- **McCormack, John F.: "The Harper's Ferry Skedaddlers," Civil War Times Illustrated 14 (December 1975), S. 32-39

- **Murfin, James V.: The Gleam of Bajonets: The Battle of Antietam and the Maryland Campaign of 1862 (New York: A. S. Barnes & Co., 1965), S. 147-54

 

 

Davis, Charles E.:

US-Pvt, Co. B, 13th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 10).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Davis, Charles E., Jr.: Three Years in the Army. Story of the 13th Massachusetts Volunteers (Estes and Lauriat, Boston 1894, First Edition). Nevins says of this "Five diaries and numerous official sources formed the basis for this highly regarded history of a unit that served in the Army of the Potomac until its disbandment in the summer of 1864.

 

 

Davis, Charles H.:

US-Flag Officer, 1807-1877; ab Mai 1862 Commander of US Naval Forces of the Mississippi in Memphis (Bastian, Grant's Canal, p. 7) als Nachfolger des verwundeten Flag Officer Andrew H. *Foote (Bearss: Hardluck Ironclad, p. 55). Davis hatte Memphis Anfang 1862 erobert nach Vernichtung der dortigen CS-Naval Forces; seine Gunboat Fleet war an Farragut's Versuch vom Juni / Juli 1862 beteiligt, Vicksburg zu nehmen oder die Stadt mittels eines Kanals zu umgehen; zu den gemeinsam mit Farragut unternommenen ver­suchen, das vom Yazoo River nach Vicksburg durchgebrochene CS Ironclad Arkansas zu vernichten (OR Navies Ser I Vol 19 S. 5 ff.). Im Oktober 1862 wurde Davis durch *Porter als Commander der Western Flotilla (umbenannt in Mississippi Squadron) abgelöst und übernahm die Leitung des Bureau of Navigation in Washington, eine Abteilung des Marine­ministeriums (Bastian, Grant's Canal, p. 24; Bearss: Hardluck Ironclad, p. 83).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Farragut, Charles Henry (Captain): Life of Charles Henry Davis, Rear Admiral 1807-1877 (Cambridge, 1899)

 

 

Davis, Edmund Jackson:

US-BrigGen; Unionist aus Texas; er stellte die 1st Texas Cavalry USA auf; in der Nachkriegszeit Governor von Texas (Boatner, p. 224; Foner: Reconstruction, p. 17).

 

 

Davis, Edward:

US-Captain; Co G 85th Indiana Infantry; im Juni 1863 war Davis Mitglied des Kriegsgerichts gegen CS-Col William Orton *Wil­liams (Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, p. 116).

 

 

Davis, Elias:

CS-+++; +++klären+++ (Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, p. 9 iVm. S. 224n19)

 

Documents/Literature:

- Davis, Elias: Papers. Southern Historical Collection, Univdersity of North Carolina

 

 

Davis, Hasbrouck (Hasbrook):

US-Col (LtCol); Co. F&S, 12th Regiment Illinois Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 21).

 

Regimentskommandeur 12th Illinois Cavalry (Longacre, Lincoln's Cavalrymen, p. 144, 146, 151). Teilnahme an Benjamin F. "Gri­mes" *Davis berühmten Ausbruch aus dem belagerten Harper's Ferry. Während Lee's Maryland Campaign vom September 1862 be­lagerte Stonewall Jackson Harper's Ferry. Als Jackson die US-Garnison zur Übergabe ihrer unhaltbaren Position aufforderte unter­nahm Davis mit Zustimmung seiner Vorgesetzten einen erfolgreichen Ausbruch, bei dem er seine 8th New York Ca­valry zusammen mit der 12th Illinois Cavalry, 1st Maryland Cavalry und 1st Rhode Island Cavalry mit insgesamt 1300 Mann nachts durch die feindli­chen Linien führte und auch noch den 97 Wagen umfassenden CS-Munitionstrain entführte (Longacre: Lin­coln's55th Cavalrymen, p. 101-102 m.w.N).

 

Teilnahme mit der 12th Illinois Cavalry an Stoneman's Raid in the Chancellorsville Campaign (April-Mai 1863) im Rahmen des lin­ken US-Flügels auf die Virginia Central RR bei Louisa Court House (12 mi südöstlich von Gordonsville), und dann weiter nach Ha­nover Junction und zur Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac RR (Longacre: Mounted Raids, p. 158).

 

19.4.1827 - † 19.10.1870 ertrunken beim Untergang der SS Cambria vor der Küste Irlands (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Has­brouck_Davis)

 

Photo:

Col Hasbrouck Davis (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hasbrouck_Davis)

 

Documents/Literature:

- In Memoriam: Hasbrouck Davis .... n. p., 1871

- Longacre, Lincoln's Cavalrymen, p. 144, 146, 151

 

 

Davis, Henry Winter:

16.8.1817 Annapolis/Maryland – † 30.12.1865; was a United States Representative from the 4th and 3rd congressional districts of Maryland, well known as one of the Radical Republicans during the Civil War.

 

Born in Annapolis, Maryland, his father, the Reverend Henry Lyon Davis (1775–1836), was a prominent Maryland Episcopal clergyman and was for some years president of St John's College at Annapolis. The son graduated at Kenyon College at Gambier, Ohio in 1837, and from the law department of the University of Virginia in 1841, and began the practice of law in Alexandria, Virginia, but in 1850 removed to Baltimore, Maryland, where he won a high position at the bar. Davis was a man of scholarly tastes, an orator of unusual ability and great eloquence, tireless and fearless in fighting political battles, but impulsive to the verge of rashness, impractical, tactless and autocratic. He wrote an elaborate political work entitled The War of Ormuzd and Ahriman in the Nineteenth Century (1853), in which he described the American Republic and the Russian Empire as the ultimate opponents in the struggles of humanity; it also dismissed the Southern contention that slavery was a divine institution (wikipedia, Stichwort Henry Winter Davis, Abruf v. 5.3.2017).

 

Early becoming imbued with strong anti-slavery views, though by inheritance he was himself a slaveholder, he began political life as a Whig. After the Whig Party disintegrated, he became a Know Nothing, and served as a member of the Know Nothing–influenced American Party in the House of Representatives from 1855 to 1861. By his independent course in Congress he won the respect and esteem of all political groups. In the contest over the speakership at the opening of the 36th United States Congress in 1859 he voted with the Republicans, incurring a vote of censure from the Maryland Legislature (sog. Speakership Contest) (hierzu: Hopkins: Poltics of Continuity, p. 29-30; Henig, Gerald: „Henry Winter Davis and the Speakership Contest of 1859-1860,“ in: Maryland Historical Magazine, Vol. 67 (Spring 1973), S. 1-19), which called upon him to resign. In the 1860 presidential election, not yet ready to become a Republican, he declined to be a candidate for the Republican nomination for Vice President of the United States, instead supported the Constitutional Union ticket of John Bell and Edward Everett. Defeated that year for reelection to Congress (Anm. er verlor die Wahlen zum US-Congreß in seinem Wahlbezirk gegen den Demokraten Henry May [ hierzu: Hopkins: Poltics of Continuity, p. 31]), in the winter of 1860 and 1861 - between the secession of some Southern states and the beginning of the Civil War with the assault on Fort Sumter - Davis was involved in compromise measures (wikipedia, Stichwort Henry Winter Davis, Abruf v. 5.3.2017).

 

Henry Winter Davis, Politiker, Radical Leader und Abolitionist aus Maryland; er setzte sich intensiv für "Free Labor" für die Schwarzen ein (Foner: Reconstruction, p. 40).

 

After Abraham Lincoln was elected and the Civil War began, Davis became a Republican. He was re-elected in 1862 to the U.S. House of Representatives and quickly became an aggressive Radical Republican, which was viewed as particularly surprising given that Maryland was a slaveholding border state. From December 1863 to March 1865 Davis served as chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs. In 1864, unwilling to leave the delicate questions concerning the French intervention in Mexico entirely in the hands of President Lincoln and Secretary of State William H. Seward, Davis brought in a report very hostile to France, which was adopted by the House but not by the Senate. With other Radical Republicans, Davis was a bitter opponent of Lincoln's plan for the Reconstruction of the Southern states, which he thought too lenient. On February 15, 1864, he reported from committee a bill placing the process of Reconstruction under the control of Congress, and stipulating that the Confederate states, as a condition of being re-admitted to the Union would disfranchise all important civil and military officers of the Confederacy, abolish slavery, and repudiate all debts incurred by or with the sanction of the Confederate government. In his speech supporting this measure, Davis declared that until Congress should recognize a government established under its auspices, there is no government in the rebel states save the authority of Congress. The bill, the first formal expression by Congress with regard to Reconstruction, did not pass both Houses until the closing hours of the session. President Lincoln disapproved and on July 8 issued a proclamation defining his position. Soon afterward, on August 5, 1864, Davis joined Benjamin F. Wade of Ohio, who had piloted the bill through the Senate, in issuing the so-called Wade–Davis Manifesto, which violently denounced President Lincoln for encroaching on the domain of Congress and insinuated that the presidential policy would leave slavery unimpaired in the reconstructed states. In a debate in Congress some months later he declared, "When I came into Congress ten years ago this was a government of law. I have lived to see it a government of personal will." He was one of the radical leaders who preferred John C. Frémont to Lincoln in the 1864 election, but subsequently withdrew his opposition and supported the President for re-election. Joining the Unconditional Union Party, he early favored the enlistment of negroes, and in July 1865 publicly advocated the extension of the suffrage to them. He was not a candidate for re-election to Congress in 1864. On Election Night, 1864, during a discussion, Lincoln said: "It has seemed to me recently that Winter Davis was growing more sensible to his own true interests and has ceased wasting his time by attacking me. I hope for his own good he has. He has been very malicious against me but has only injured himself by it. His conduct has been very strange to me. I came here, his friend, wishing to continue so. I had heard nothing but good of him; he was the cousin of my intimate friend Judge Davis. But he had scarcely been elected when I began to learn of his attacking me on all possible occasions." (wikipedia, Stichwort Henry Winter Davis, Abruf v. 5.3.2017).

 

Davis died in Baltimore at the very end of 1865. His remains were interred in Greenmount Cemetery.

 

Henry W. Davis was a cousin of David Davis, an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States and later a U.S. Senator from Illinois. He was also a first cousin of Brevet Brigadier General Moses B. Walker who served as an associate justice of the Texas Supreme Court (wikipedia, Stichwort Henry Winter Davis, Abruf v. 5.3.2017).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Davis, Henry Winter: Speeches and Addresses (New York, 1867)

- **Henig, Gerald: „Henry Winter Davis and the Speakership Contest of 1859-1860,“ in: Maryland Historical Magazine, Vol. 67 (Spring 1973), S. 1-19 Anm.: zum Speakership Streit s. auch Hopkins: Poltics of Continuity, p. 29-30

- **Steiner, Bernard: The Life of Henry Winter Davis (Baltimore: John Murphy, 1916)

 

 

Davis, Jefferson:

1808-1889, aus Brierfield südlich Vicksburg / Mississippi; geboren in Christian County / KY, aufgewachsen Wilkinson County / MS; sein Vater Samuel Davis war Farmer, kein reicher Südstaaten-Plantagenbesitzer, dafür Baptist und Demokrat.

 

Davis besuchte die Transsylvania University / KY und studierte Latein, Griechisch, Mathematik; auf Anraten seines ältesten Bruders brach er die Ausbildung ab und besuchte die US-Militärakademie West Point; dort von der Anklage vor dem Kriegsgericht wegen un­erlaubtem Gaststättenbesuch (Benny Haven's "Public House") in einem Kriegsgerichtsverfahren verurteilt, von der Akademie ent­lassen, jedoch wegen seines sonstigen Verhaltens begnadigt; sein Stubenkamerad war Leonidas Polk; in West Point 1828 graduiert als 23er von 34.

 

1828 Second Lieutenant in der US-Army; 1832 First Lieutenant unter Col. Zachary Taylor, dem späteren US-Präsidenten; von die­sem jedoch als Schwiegersohn abgelehnt (fraglich: die Story von der Feindschaft scheint nicht zustimmen, denn eine größere Zahl von Familienmitgliedern der Taylors nahm an der Hochzeit teil; Hattaway/Jones: How the North Won, p. 7); Davis wurde 1835 in ei­nem Kriegsgerichtsverfahren der Insubordination beschuldigt (Hattaway/Jones: How the North Won, p. Hatta­way/Jones: How the North Won, p. 7; Monroe, Haskell M. und James T. McIntosh (eds.): Proceedings of a General Court Martial - Third Day Trial of Jef­ferson Davis; in: The Papers of Jefferson Davis, Bd. I [Baton Rouge, 1971]); vor seiner Hochzeit ent­schloß sich Davis, aus der Ar­mee auszuscheiden; er heiratete die 16jährige Knox Taylor gegen den Willen der Eltern (fraglich: die Story von der Feindschaft scheint nicht zustimmen, denn eine größere Zahl von Familienmitgliedern der Taylors nahm an der Hoch­zeit teil; Hattaway/Jones: How the North Won, p. 7) und zog mit seiner Frau auf die gutgehende Plantage des ältesten Bruders Joseph Davis bei Davis Bend / MS südlich von Vicksburg. Seine Frau starb dort knapp drei Monate nach der Eheschließung am Fieber. Nach Wiederherstellung sei­ner Gesundheit (Davis war ebenfalls am Fieber erkrankt) lebte er nach vorübergehendem Auf­enthalt in Cuba bei seinem ältesten Bru­der Joseph Davis, der es inzwischen zum größten Plantagenbesitzer in Mississippi gebracht hatte, wo er ein Jahrzehnt lang in Abge­schiedenheit sich bis 1844 Privatstudien und als Farmer mit 40 Sklaven widmete. 1845 heira­tet der 36jährige die 17 Jahre alte Varina Howell.

 

Bereits 1843 hatte Davis vergeblich für den Congress von Mississippi kandidiert und wurde 1844 in den Congress in Washington ge­wählt.

 

Bei Ausbruch des Mexikanischen Krieges verzichtete Davis auf seinen Sitz im Kongreß und stellte ein Volunteer Regiment aus Missi­ssippi auf. Teilnahme an der Schlachten von Monterey, sein Einsatz rettete die Schlacht von Buena Vista, wo sein Regiment den entscheidenden Kavallerieangriff der Mexikaner abwies. Davis kehrte als Kriegsheld verwundet aus Mexiko zurück, lehnte eine Be­förderung zum Brigadier General der Volunteers durch den amerikanischen Präsidenten ab, mit dem Hinweis, daß eine solche Beför­derung nicht durch die US-Regierung, sondern nur durch die Regierung von Mississippi möglich sei, da er Angehöriger der State Mi­litia von Mississippi sei.

 

Mit Ehren überhäuft, wurde der Kriegsheld Davis 40 Tage nach Kriegsende als Senator von Mississippi in den US Senat gewählt. Im US Senat gewann er eine führende Position als Vertreter eines Südstaaten-Nationalismus durch Beschränkung der Rechte der US-Re­gierung zugunsten größerer Selbständigkeit der Einzelstaaten. In den Auseinandersetzungen um die neuen Territorien (hier: Frage der Sklaverei bei der Aufnahme von Kalifornien in die Union) drohte Davis daraufhin mit Sezession, verlor 1850 die parlamentarische Abstimmung um den Missouri Compromise gegen die Kompromißpolitik anderer südlicher Politiker um die Senatoren Clay und Webster (Foote: Civil War, Bd. 1, S. 14), trat wegen dieses "Verrats der eigenen Leute" als Senator zurück, und zog sich, nach­dem er sich vergeblich als Gouverneur von Mississippi gegen Henry S. *Foote, einem Unionist Whig, zur Wahl gestellt hatte, auf die Baum­wollplantage seines Bruders in Brierfield / MS zurück.

 

US Präsident Franklin Pierce, Freund und Offizierskamerad aus dem Mexikanischen Krieg, berief Davis 1853 als Secretary of War (von 1853 bis 1857 Kriegsminister der USA) nach Washington. Pierce teilt mit Davis die Abneigung gegen den Abolitionismus. Da­vis hatte inzwischen seine bisherige sezessionistische Haltung geändert, sich von den "Fire-Eaters" abgewandt, und versuchte nun seine Ziele der Gleichberechtigung des Südens unter dem Signum der "State Rights" innerhalb der Union zu erreichen (Foote: Civil War, Bd. I, S. 14). Davis wird als einer der besten Kriegsminister angesehen, die die USA bis dahin hatten (Foote, Band 1 S. 14). Er verstärkte die Army, reformierte die Militärakademie von West Point, setzte den Bau der transkontinentalen südlichen Ei­senbahn durch, einschließlich des "Gadsen Purchase" (Kauf eines Streifen Landes von Mexiko für die Eisenbahntrasse in den NMT).

 

1857 kehrte Davis nach den Präsidentschaftswahlen in den US-Senat zurück. Davis vertrat nach dem Tod Calhoun's als dessen politi­scher Erbe und als der führende ideologische Sprecher der Südens eine anti-abolitionistische prosüdliche Politik. Davis war einer der Betreiber der Sezession der Südstaaten; Senator von Mississippi bis zur Sezession und Vorsitzender des Senatsausschusses für Militär­ische Fragen; von 1861 bis 1865 Präsident der Konföderation; Davis war selbst West-Point-Absolvent, Offizier, Veteran des Mexi­ko-Krieges und vor dem Krieg US-Kriegsminister; seiner militärischen Erfahrung war es zu verdanken, daß im Süden die Mobi­lisierung und der Aufbau einer eigenen Armee aus dem Nichts schneller voranging als in den Nordstaaten (McPherson S. 306).

 

Davis war als junger Mann angenehm, furchtlos, großzügig, persönlich bescheiden, charmant und seinen Freunden gegenüber unein­geschränkt loyal. Seine Treue für die Sache des Südens war beständig. Als Präsident zeigte er sich stolz, steif, dickköpfig, oft engstir­nig, Kompromissen gegenüber abgeneigt. Diese negativen Qualitäten verhinderten die Entwicklung zu einem wahrhaft großen Präsi­denten.

 

Auch war Davis ieL Militär, nicht Politiker. Davis war im Gegensatz zu Lincoln nicht in der Lage, mit Personen zusammen zu arbei­ten, die er persönlich nicht mochte, wie z.B. Josef E. Johnston oder Beauregard. Diese persönliche Schwäche Davis führte zur Ablös­ung Johnston's während Sherman's Atlanta Campaign, einer der größten Fehler Davis' während des ganzen Krieges (Catton: Reflectio­ns, p. 149/150)

 

zur kritischen Einschätzung der Lage des Südens und zur allgemeinen Übertreibung der Kampfstärke von CS-Truppen äußerte sich Davis im privaten Kreis gegenüber Mary Chestnut am 27.6.1861; "nur Dummköpfe unterschätzen den Mut der Yankees, .... sie wer­den kämpfen wie die Teufel"; hierbei geht Davis' von einer langen Dauer des Krieges aus (Chestnut, Diary, p. 71)

 

Bei Kriegsende wurde Davis gefangengenommen und blieb zwei Jahre in Haft ohne jemals vor Gericht angeklagt zu werden. Viele einflußreiche Personen aus dem Norden waren gegen einen solchen Rache-Prozeß, darunter der einflußreiche Verleger der New York Tribune und entschiedene Abolitionist Horace Greeley. Der Norden erkannte schließlich, daß ein Prozeß gegen Davis sinnlos war. (Catton: Reflections, p. 151/152)

 

Davis geschäftliche Aktivitäten nach dem Krieg schlugen fehl, er war in seinen späteren Jahren ein armer Mann. Er lebte in "Beau­voir" einem Haus am Golf von Mexiko, das ihm ein Bewunderer zur Verfügung gestellt hatte. Der Staat Mississippi wollte Davis in den US-Senat entsenden, was jedoch daran scheiterte, daß er sich weigerte von der US-Regierung Pardon zu erbitten. 1881 veröffent­lichte er seine Memoiren unter dem Titel "The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government".

 

Nach der Verhaftung von Davis und seiner Familie im Mai 1865 unternahm eine Gruppe von Offizieren auf dem Dampfer Pontoosuc, einem Begleitschiff des Dampfers Clyde, auf welchem der gefangene Davis nach Washington transportiert wurde, den Versuch zur Ermordung von Davis aus Rache für die Ermordung Präsident Lincoln's. Der ausgewählte Scharfschütze J. J. Kane hatte jedoch in letzter Minute Bedenken und weigerte sich dem Mord auszuführen (Confederate Veteran Vol I. Juni 1893 S. 145).

 

Strategie Davis':

Davis Strategie im Jahr 1861 ist oft verächtlich beschrieben worden als 'Cordon Defense', als Ergebnis von Davis 'mittelmäßigem strategischem Verständnis' der Forderung für 'local defense' durch die Gouverneure der einzelnen Staaten und der Unfähigkeit der CS-Regierung, eine substantielle Bedrohung durch die US-Truppen im Westen zu akzeptieren. Der einflußreichste Vertreter der An­sicht, Davis habe 1861 keine große umfassende Strategie, Woodworth, der meint, daß "although this strategem was undoubtedly used by Albert Sidney Johnston in Kentucky, it is difficult if not impossible to make any connection between it and a deliberate policy of the president". Die Auffassung von Woodworth ist nach anderer Meinung unzutreffend, da sie die schriftlichen Quellen und die schriftlichen Stellungnahmen von Davis vernachlässigt (Newton: Joseph E. Johnston and the Defense of Richmond, p. 228 Anm. 11). Newton, (, S. 27) vertritt die Ansicht, Davis habe 1861 bewußt gepokert, indem er trotz völlig ungenügender Ausrüstung und man­gelndem Ausbildungsstand der CS-Truppen seine Generäle angewiesen habe, ihre völlig unterlegenen Truppen so weit wie möglich nach Norden vorzuschieben, mit dem Ziel, durch diesen gewagten Bluff eine große Stärke der CS-Truppen vor­zutäuschen und hier­durch den Norden von einem Vorstoß nach Süden abzuhalten.

 

Charakterisierung von Davis (vgl Freeman: Robert E. Lee, p. 516 ff).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Confederate Veteran, Vol. I January 1893 S. 4/5

- Confederate Veteran Vol. I 1893, S. 105/06 (zur Jugendzeit Jefferson Davis')

- Craven, John J.: Prison Life of Jefferson Davis; Dillingham, NY 1905 (Craven was Jefferson Davis' prison doctor during his confi­nement at Fortress Monroe from 25 May to 25 December 1865 - Details Davis' conversations with Craven on the War and other issu­es)

- Coffey, David: John Bell Hood, Kurzbiographie von Davis S. 19

- Crist, Linda Lasswell und Dix, Mary Seaton (eds.): The Papers of Jefferson Davis (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University, Cha­pel Hill, NC, 1991)

- **Davis, Jefferson: The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government (Appleton / N.Y. 1881; reprint DaCapo Press)

- **Davis, Jefferson: Papers, 1849-1986; 6 linear feet. Correspondence, literary productions, scrapbooks, printed materials, and other documents pertaining to Jeff Davis (1862-1913), governor of Arkansas from 1901 to 1907 and United States senator from 1907 to 1913. Davis was born at Rocky Comfort to a former Confederate army chaplain who named him for the Southern president. Civil War related materials can be found in both the personal and the political papers in the Davis collection. In the family correspondence are twelve letters written between 1859 and 1862 by relatives of Davis's wife, Ina McKenzie Thatch Davis. These letters were written to Ina's mother, Jane E. Norment of Pine Bluff (Jefferson County) from her brother, Wilbur F. Norment, and her future husband, Dun­can G. L. McKenzie. Wilbur was a resident of Washington, D.C., and wrote to Jane from that place on December 9, 1859, and on July 16, 1861. A third letter from Wilbur was written from Camden (Ouachita County) in 1861. Duncan McKenzie was a preacher and wrote nine letters to Jane from Little Rock (Pulaski County) between September 7, 1860, and January 11, 1862, while he was in the city attending religious conferences. Although many of Duncan's letters are personal in nature, he did describe the city's mood du­ring the secession convention of 1861. Among the political papers in the Jeff Davis collection are case files concerning Arkansas resi­dents who asked for the senator's assistance in reparation claims against the Federal government for confiscated and destroyed pro­perty during the Civil War. (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990)

- **Davis, Jefferson: Papers; Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery

- **Davis, Jefferson: Collection. Chicago Historical Society, Chicago, Illinois

- **Davis, Jefferson: Collection, Museum of the Confederacy, Richmond, Virginia

- **Davis, Jefferson: Miscellaneous Papers. Jefferson Davis Association, Rice University, Houston, Texas

- **Davis, Jefferson: Papers. Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

- **Davis, Jefferson: Papers. Emory University, Atlanta Georgia

- **Davis, Jefferson: Papers. The Huntington, San Marino, California

- **Davis, Jefferson: Papers. Schoff Collection, University of Michigan, Ann Harbor

- **Davis, Jefferson: Papers Record Group 109, National Archives, Washington DC

- **Davis, Jefferson: Papers. Transylvania University, Lexington, Kentucky

- **Davis, Jefferson: Papers. Louisiana Historical Association Collection, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana

- **Davis, Jefferson and Varina: Collection, Series 2, Private Manuscripts, Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Jackson

- **Davis, Varina Howell: Jefferson Davis Ex-President Confederate States: A Memorial by his Wife (2 Volume Set - New York 1890)

- **Dunbar, Rowland (comp.): Jefferson Davis Constitutionalist: His Letters, Papers and Speeches, 10 vols. (Jackson, Miss., 1923)

- **Eaton, Clement: Jefferson Davis (New York 1977)

- Meade, Robert Douthat: "The Relations Between Judah P. Benjamin and Jefferson Davis: Some New Light on the Working of the Confederate Machine." Journal of Southern History 5, no. 4 (November 1939), S. 367-79

- Monroe, Haskell M. und James T. McIntosh (eds.): Proceedings of a General Court Martial - Third Day Trial of Jefferson Davis; in: The Papers of Jefferson Davis, Bd. I [Baton Rouge, 1971]

- Monroe, Haskell, James T. McIntosh, Lynda L. Christ and Mary S. Dix: Jefferson Davis - THE PAPERS OF JEFFERSON DAVIS - An eight volume set published starting 1971 through 1994 by Louisiana State University and edited by several Davis scholars - a must-have resource for the serious student of Jefferson Davis

- Patrick, Rembert W.: Jefferson Davis and His Cabinet (Baton Rouge, La..: Louisiana State University Pres, 1944)

- Rowland, Dunbar (ed.): Jefferson Davis - JEFFERSON DAVIS CONSTITUTIONALIST: HIS LETTERS, PAPERS, AND SPEE­CHES, 10 Volumes, Jackson, Miss. 1923 (Ten Volumes of details on the life and accomplishments of the President of the Confederate States of America. Learn more about the man who led the South on her bid for freedom). Anm. McPherson: Für die Freiheit...., p. 958: Rowlands Ausgabe für die Zeit bis 1855 ist überholt; an ihre Stelle ist die Ausgabe von Monroe getreten.

- Strode, Hudson (ed.): Jefferson Davis - PRIVATE LETTERS 1823-1889 - DaCapo Press - Edited by Hudson Strode - 604 pp

- Strode, Hudson: Jefferson Davis - American Patriot, Harcourt Brace, NY 1955

- Strode, Hudson: Jefferson Davis - Tragic Hero, Harcourt Brace -NY 1964

- Woodworth, Steven E.: Davis and Lee At War (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1995)

 

 

Davis, Jefferson C.:

US-MajGen, bei Kriegsausbruch war Lieutenant Davis in Fort Sumter stationiert (Doubleday, Abner: From Moultrie to Sumter, in. B & L Vol. 1 S. 45) und wurde bei der Übergabe gefangengenommen; nach seinem Austausch ging Davis nach Indiana, wo er Col der 22nd Indiana Infantry wurde; auf Befehl Frémont's löste Davis Ende August 1861 US Grant als Kommandeur der US-Kräfte in *Jef­ferson City, Mo ab (Catton: Grant Moves South, p. 36); zu seinem Treffen mit BrigGen Grant am 28. August 1861 in Jefferson City: Grant, Memoirs, p. 137nd Sherman's Angriff auf Atlanta. Die Division umfaßte die Brigaden Dan *Mc­Cook (Castel: Decision in the West, p. 128), +++weiter+++

 

Während der konf. Invasion in Kentucky im September 1862 wurde US-BrigGen Jefferson Davis von MajGen Wiliam *Nelson, da­mals Kommandeur der Army of Kentucky in Gen. Buell's Department of Ohio während the defense of Louisville, Kentucky, in Sep­tember 1862, wegen his disdain lackadaisical behavior (wegen verächtlichen und nachlässigen Verhaltens) led Nelson to angrily dis­miss Union Brigadier General Jefferson C. Davis from his corps after a battle (Catton: Glory Road, p. 9; www.fin­dagrave. com; Boat­ner: Civil War Dictionary, p. 226). Davis wurde in den Norden von Ohio versetzt with an official re­buke spattered across his service record. As a good Hoosier, Davis had gone at once to Indianapolis to see Governor Oliver P. *Mor­ton. Governor Morton hielt Gen. Buell für die US-Niederlagen in Kentucky verantwortlich und eilte persönlich (da die Gefahr be­stand, ganz Kentucky an die CSA zu verlieren) nach Louisville (Kelly, p. 376; Thornbrough: Indiana in the Civil War, p. 151) „looking for trouble“. Hierbei wurde er von BrigGen Davis begleitet (Catton: Glory Road, p. 9). Am Morgen des 29.9.1862 kam es zu einer harten Auseinandersetzung zwischen MajGen Nelson und General Jef­ferson C. Davis in Galt House, Louisville, Ky (Catton: Glory Road, p. 9). Daraufhin crumpled Davis a card und threw it in Nelson's face (Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, p. 226), whereupon Nelson ihn in aller Öffentlichkeit geohrfeigte. Nachdem Nelson danach den Ort der Auseinandersetzung, das Galt Hotel in Louisville/Ky verlassen hatte, borrowed Jefferson Davis a revolver from an aide, strode after Nelson, called to him, and when Nelson turned around, shot him dead (Catton: Glory Road, p. 9; auch Buell: B&L, vol. III, S. 43).

 

Davis wurde für den Totschlag an MajGen William Nelson niemals zur Rechenschaft gezogen and shortly restored to active duty, partly on his military abilities and partly on the political influence of Gov. Oliver P. Morton (Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, p. 226). Davis befand sich kurzzeitig in militärischer Haft. General Buell, der Oberkommandierende im Department of the Ohio (der bald sei­nes Kommandos enthoben wurde, was nicht im Zusammenhang mit Davis Tat steht) requested von US-Generalst­abschef Halleck to appoint a military court to try Davis for murder. The subject was considered at Washington, and late in October Secretary of the Navy, Welles, noted that the case was discussed by the Cabinet. But in the end Davis was released to the civil autho­rities, a grand jury refused to vote an indictment, and any Union general who meditated upon the matter was bound to conclude that this governor Mor­ton was a man of very solid and far-reaching influence (Catton: Glory Road, p. 10).

 

Born in Clark County, Indiana, he was still in school at age 18, when he enlisted in the 3rd Indiana Infantry Regiment. He served in the War with Mexico and for gallant conduct at Buena Vista, he was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant in the 1st US Artillery. In Februa­ry 1852, he was promoted 1st Lieutenant and in August 1858, he was assigned to Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina beco­ming the fort's first commander. With the start of the Civil War, he was promoted Captain and on August 1, 1861, Indiana Governor Oliver P. Morton appointed Davis Colonel of the 22nd Indiana Infantry Regiment. He commanded a Brigade at Wilson's Creek, com­manded the 3rd Division of the Army of the Southwest at Pea Ridge and the 4th Division of the Army of Mississippi at Corinth. In May 1862, He was promoted to Brigadier General of volunteers in May 1862. On September 29, 1862, Davis confronted his former commander, Major General William Nelson, in the lobby of the Galt House in Louisville, Kentucky. In retaliation for a personal in­sult, Davis shot and killed Nelson. Davis was arrested and imprisoned, but with the strong support of the Indiana Governor, he was released and returned to duty. He commanded the 1st Division XIV Corps at Murfreesboro and the 1st Division XX Corps at Chicka­mauga. He also commanded the 2nd Division XIV Corps during the Atlanta Campaign and for his war service was brevetted Major General on March 13, 1865. After the war he remained in the Army, was assigned as Colonel in command of the 23rd Infantry and served in the Pacific Northwest and Alaska. He was still on active duty when he died at age 51 in Chicago, Illinois (bio by:John "J-Cat" Griffith; in www.findagrave,com) .

 

2.3.1828- † 30.11.1879 Chicago/Ill.; beerd. Crown Hill Cemetery, Indianapolis/Indiana; °° Marietta A. Athon Davis (findagrave. com).

 

Photo:

MajGen Jefferson C. Davis (www.findagrave).

 

Photos:

- Bailey, Battles for Atlanta (Time Life), p. 22

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, p. 91 (1861 als Lt in Fort Sumter)

- Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, p. 122

 

 

Davis, John A.:

US-Col; 46th Illinois Infantry. Teilnahme am Battle of Shiloh am 6./7.4.1862 unter Führung von Col John A. Davis im Rahmen der 2nd Brigade Col James Veach 4th Division BrigGen Stephen A. Hurlbutt in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, p. 59-30; Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh, B & L, I, S. 538). Die Brigade Veach geriet am 6.4.1862 nördlich der Purdy-Hamburg Road gegen 11:00 in den Angriff des III. Army Corps MajGen William J. Hardee 3rd Brigade BrigGen Sterling A. M. Wood. Die Brigade Wood hatte zunächst die US-Brigade Marsh geschlagen und war durchgebrochen; sie stieß auf die dahinter aufgestellte Brigade Veach (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 182).

 

 

Davis, Joseph R.:

CS-BrigGen; Neffe von Präsident Jefferson Davis; Brigadekommandeur von Davis Mississippi Brigade; his brigade was almost anni­hilated at Gettysburg, these men went on to fight until Appomattox and were the smallest brigade to surrender.

 

Die Ernennung von Davis war umstritten. Sie basierte im wesentlichen auf seiner Verwandschaft zum CS-Präsidenten, weniger auf seiner Qualifikation. Er war vor dem Krieg Politiker und Rechtsanwalt und nur geringe militärische Erfahrung. Deshalb war seine Beförderung zum BrigGen zunächst vom CS-Senat abgelehnt worden unter dem Hinweis auf Nepotismus. Er wurde schließlich am 15.9.1862 zum BrigGen befördert, wobei sein Ernennung zum Brigadekommandeur und Einsatz im Feld eine politische Kontroverse auslöste (Martin: Gettysburg, p. 61-62).

 

1863 im Battle of Gettysburg zugehörig zu Henry Heth's Division III Army Corps LtGen Ambrose A. Hill Lee’s Army of the Poto­mac. Die Brigade bestand aus folgenden Regimentern (Pfanz: Gettysburg, p. 463):

- 2nd Mississippi Infantry Col J. M. Stone

- 11th Mississippi Infantry Col F. M. Green

- 42nd Mississippi Infantry Col H. R. Miller

- 55th North Carolina Infantry Col J. K. Connally

 

The two first were veteran. They had fought often and always well. The 42nd Mississippi and 55th North Carolina were full regim­ents, Gettysburg being their first battle of importance (Einsatz bei der Railroad Cut; Tsouras, Gettysburg, p. 16). The two first named served in Law's brigade of Hood's division at Sharpsburg or Antietam, where they greatly distinguished themselves, as they had befo­re at First Manassas and Gain's Mill. The 11th Mississippi was the only fresh regiment outside of Pickett's division that took part in the assault of July 3rd, so all of its loss occurred on that day, that loss being 202 killed and wounded. The number they carried in is variously stated at from 300 to 350. If the one, the percentage of their loss was 67, if the other, 57 (aus Bond, Mi­lAmerik7, S. 20).

 

Entering the Confederate service as Captain of Militia from Madison County, Mississippi, Davis was soon made Lieutenant-Colo­nel of the Tenth Regiment, Mississippi Volunteers, after which he served on his uncle's staff in Richmond as an aide de camp with the rank of Colonel of Cavalry. Commissioned a brigadier-general to rank from September 15, 1862, and confirmed by the Sena­te only after charges of nepotism were freely aired and his nomination once rejected, Davis was assigned a brigade in Heth's Divisi­on, Army of Northern Virginia, which he led through some of the bitterest battles of the war. He fought at Gettysburg (where his command formed a support to Pickett in the celebrated third day), in the Wilderness Campaign, and at the siege of Petersburg (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_R._Davis).

 

In Gettysburg betrug die Stärke der Brigade: 2577 Mann in 4 Regimentern (Dawes, Service with the Sixth Wisconsin, S 171). Davis’ Brigade war die stärkste Brigade in Heth Division (Martin: Gettysburg, p. 61).

 

Paroled at Appomattox on April 9, 1865, Brigadier-General Davis returned to Mississippi. He died September 15, 1896 and is buried at Biloxi Cemetery (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_R._Davis).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Davis, Joseph R.: Letter to Jubal A. Early, 12.3.1878; Early Papers, Library of the Congress

- OR27.2.649 (Davis's Report zu den Ereignissen am 1.7.1863 in Gettysburg)

- Williams, Thomas P. Williams: The Mississippi Brigade of BrigGen Joseph R. Davis (Morningside); 291 pp; Index; Rosters; Photos

 

 

Davis, Nicholas A.:

CS-Chaplain; 4th Regiment Texas Infantry (National Park Soldiers M227 Roll 9)

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Davis, Nicholas A. (4th Texas Vols): Chaplain Davis and Hood's Texas Brigade (LSU Press; Reprint of 1863 Original). Edited by Donald Everett with a New Foreword by Robert K. Krick; 256 pp. Davis wrote his diary two years into the bitter fighting of the war, detailing religion in the field, duties of chaplains, conditions of wounded men and wartime Richmond; Index; Notes; Muster Rolls; Casualty Lists

- **Davis, Nicholas A., Rev.: The Campaign from Texas to Maryland with the Battle of Fredericksburg (The Steck Company, Austin, TX 1961; facsimile edition of 1863 Original); 168 pp. Davis wrote his reminiscences & a partial history of the Fourth Texas Infantry Regiment during the war years & became one of the two Texans in Confederate Army to publish his reminiscences & history during the critical war years 1861 to 1865.

 

 

Davis, Joseph:

CS-Col; Neffe von CS-Präsident Jefferson Davis (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 16).

 

 

Davis, K. Martin:

US-Sergeant; Co. H, 116th Regiment Illinois Infantry (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 21).

 

Davis erhielt am 26.7.1894 die Medal of Honor für seinen Einsatz bei Vicksburg for „Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer stor­ming party." (National Park, Medal of Honor Recipients, K. Martin Davis)

 

 

Davis, Mathew Jack:

CS-Sergeant; Co. K, 19th Regiment Mississippi Infantry (National Park Soldiers M232 Roll 10).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Davis, Mathew Jack: „War Sketches“; in: The Center of American History, The University of Texas, Austin

- Davis, Mathew Jack: „War Sketches as Seen and Remembered by the Writer, Mathew Jack Davis of Co. K 19 Mississippi Infantry,“ Lucas Collection, Sherman, Texas, Public Library

 

 

Davis, Reed:

US-Pvt; Co. B, 8th Regiment Illinois Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 21; Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, p. 393, dort ir­rig zugeordnet 8th Illinois Infantry).

 

 

Davis, Reuben:

CS-Politician;

 

Literature:

- Wakelyn: Biographical Dictionary of the Confederacy, p. 164

 

 

Davis, Sam:

CS-PVT; Spy und Scout; Davis served with the 1st Tennessee Infantry in West Virginia and Shiloh, serving with Jackson's Foot Ca­valry before joining Coleman's Scouts; Davis diente als Kurier für den berüchtigten CS-Spion Shaw, der den Decknamen 'Coleman' verwendete (Markle, p. 22).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Frantz, Mabel Goode: Full Many a Name: The Story of Sam Davis, Scout and Spy C. S. A. (McCowat-Mercer, Jackson TN, 1961)

- Markle, Donald: Spies and Spymasters, p. 22

 

 

Davis, Sidney Morris:

US-Pvt, Co. F, 6th US Cavalry (Regular Army) (National Park Soldiers M233 Roll 27); Davis was captured near Gettysburg and imprisoned at Belle Island in Richmond.

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Davis, Sidney Morris (6th U.S. Cavalry): Common Soldier, Uncommon War: Life as a Cavalryman in the Civil War (The SMD Group, 1994); Edited by John H. Davis Jr; 526 pp. A revealing look at the common cavalryman in the war.

 

 

Davis, Sylvester H.:

US-Captain; at first 1stLt Independent Battery H, Pennsylvania Light Artillery (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 26); later Captain Independent Company C, Pennsylvania Infantry; mustered in as 1stLt (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 26).

 

 

Davis, Varina:

Ehefrau von Präsident Jefferson Davis; First Lady der CSA; geborene Howell

 

 

Davis, W. F.:

CS-Sergeant Major; Carrington's Company, Virginia Light Artillery Charlottesville Artillery) (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 14).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Davis, W. F.: Memoir. Typescript of unpublished postwar manuscript of W. F. Davis of Carrington's Battery entitled "Recollecti­ons, 1839-1864" (in possession of J. Harvey Bailey, Charlottesville, Va. [ Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, p. 572).

 

 

Davis, William:

US-2ndLt; Co. F, 7th Regiment Indiana Infantry; mustered in as Pvt (National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 18).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Davis, William: MS „Record of movements, Camps, Campaigns, Skirmishes and Battles of the Seventh Indiana Infantry, 1861-1863,“ Indiana State Library, Original in Fort Wayne Public Library

 

 

Davis, William C.:

CS-Pvt; zunächst 8th North Carolina Infantry Regiment; dann Co. F, 18th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (National Park Sol­diers M230 Roll 10)

 

 

Davis, William C.:

CS-Pvt; Co. E, 48th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 10)

 

 

Davis, William G.:

US-Pvt; Co. E, 2nd Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 7).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Davis, William G.: Letters. Second Wisconsin Infantry File. Library, Manassas National Battlefield Park, Manassas, VA

 

 

Davis, William H.:

US-Sergeant, Co. K, 83rd Ohio Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 15); later Secretary Treasurer of the 83rd Asso­ciation. Davis schenkte seinem Sohn eine Kopie des Buches von Marshall in Utica / New York am 18.9.1913.

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Marshall, Thomas B.: History of the 83rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry. The Greyhound Regiment (Cincinnati 1912)

 

 

Davis, William J.:

CS-Captain, AAG 1st Brigade (Duke's Brigade), John Hunt Morgan's Cavalry Division; Teilnahme an Morgan's Raid nach Kentucky und Ohio im Juli 1863; Davis unternahm am 7.7.1863 eine Aufklärung Richtung Louisville / Kentucky. Hierdurch versuchte Morgan einen bevorstehenden Angriff auf Louisville vorzutäuschen und von seinem Übersetzen über den Ohio River im ca. 50 Meilen west­lich gelegenen Brandenburg / Kentucky abzulenken (Horwitz, Longest Raid, p. 40).

 

 

Davis, William W. H.:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 104th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 26).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Davis, William W. H.: History of the 104th Pennsylvania Regiment, from August 22nd, 1861 to September 30th, 1864 (Philadel­phia, J. B. Rogers, 1866)

 

 

Dawenport, Alfred:

US-Sergeant; Co. G, 5th Regiment New York Infantry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 33).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Davenport, Alfred (5th New York): Camp and Field Life of the Fifth New York Infantry (Duryee Zouaves) (Olde Soldier Books - Reprint of 1879 Edition), 497 pp, Photos, Illustrated, Index, New Introduction. A Great Regimental! The 5th, always colorful in scar­let trousers and fez fought at Big Bethel, Peninsula, 2nd Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville before being mus­tered out in May, 1863. Nevins says "This thoroughly useful narrative, based on diaries and letters, covers admirably the exploits of a regiment that saw valiant service through Chancellorsville

 

 

Dawes, Ephraim:

US-Lt; 53rd Ohio Infantry; 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh war Dawes Regimentsadjutant der 53rd Ohio Infantry (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 159).

 

 

Dawes, Rufus R.:

US-BrigGen; geb. 1838 in Morgan County /OH. zeitweise Major, dann Colonel in 6th Wisconsin Infantry (Nolan/Vipond: Giants in their Black Hats, p. 70); verheiratet seit 1864 mit Mary Beman Gates (Herdegen: The Men stood like Iron, p. 7-9); Teilnahme am Battle of Gettysburg als Col 6th Wisconsin Infantry (Martin: Gettysburg, p. 101).

 

Neffe von William P. Cutler (US-Politiker im Ohio-Repräsentantenhaus; Bruder von Dawes' Mutter; Brief von Dawes' Mutter, Sarah Cutler Dawes, vom 28.4.1861, abgedruckt bei Dawes: Service with the Sixth Wisconsin, p. 7). Sohn von Henry Dawes (1804-1867) und Sarah Cutler Dawes 1809-1896) (www.findagrave. com).

 

4.7.1838 Malta, Morgan County/Ohio - † 1.8.1899 Marietta, Washington County/Ohio, beerd. Oak Grove Cemetery, Marietta/Ohio; °° mit Mary Beman Gates Dawes; Vater des US-Vizepräsidenten (1925-29, during the second administration of President Coolidge) (findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

- Herdegen/Beaudot: In the Bloody Railroad Cut, p. xvi: Dawes als Captain

 

Documents/Literature:

- Beech (Dawes), Mary Frances: "Mary Beman Gates Dawes" (Ehefrau von Rufus R. Dawes), in: Mary Walton Ferris, compiler, "Dawes-Gates Ancestral Lines, A Memorial Volume Containing the American Ancestry of Mary Beman Gates-Dawes,", vol 2 (privat­ely printed, 1931)

- Dawes, Rufus R.: Skirmishes of the Rappahannock and Battle of Gainesville, T.C.H. Smith Manuscript, Ohio Historical Society, Columbus Ohio

- Dawes, Rufus R.: „On the Right at Antietam.“ In Service with the Sixth Wisconsin Volunteers. Edited by Alan T. Nolan. Dayton: Morningside Press 1984- Brevet Brigadier General Rufus R. Dawes.

- Dawes, Rufus R.: Service with the Sixth Wisconsin (Marietta, Ohio: E. R. Alderman & Sons, 1890. Reprinted by Morningside Hou­se) (PDF-Datei, Archiv Ref, ameridownload, Dawes, Rufus, servsixthwiscon00-da­werich)

- Dawes, Rufus R.: A Full Blown Yankee of the Iron Brigade: Service with 6th Wisconsin, Reprint 1962 der Originalausgabe Marietta / OH: E. R. Alderman, 1890, Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik5a

- Dawes, Rufus: "Align on the Colors," (zum Angriff auf den Bloody Railroad Cut bei Gettysburg am 1.7.1863); Milwaukee Sunday Telegraph, 27. April 1890

- Dawes, Rufus: Letter to John Bachelder, 18. March 1868, Bachelder Papers, New Hampshire Historical Society, Concord, New Hampshire

- Dawes, Rufus R.: „Sketches of War History.“ Military Order of the Loyal legion of the United States, Commandery of the State of Ohio, War Papers, Vol. III (Reprinted in: Service with Sixth Wisconsin Volunteers, Dayton/OH, 1984)

 

 

Dawson, Francis:

CS-Captain: Purcell's Battery; Teilnahme an Lee's Gettysburg Campaign (Freeman: Robert E. Lee, vol III S. 53)

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Dawson, Francis (Captain, Purcell's Battery): Reminiscenses of Confederate Service 1861-1865 (LSU Press; edited by Bell Wi­ley; Reprint of Scarce 1882 printing of which only 100 copies were produced); 214 pp

 

 

Dawson, M. M.:

US-LtCol; Regimentskommandeur 100th Pennsylvania Infantry; Dawson war während Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 1863 Nachfol­ger von Col Daniel *Leasure, der zum Brigadekommandeur der 3rd Brigade 1st Division Welsh befördert worden war (Bearss: Vicksburg vol. III, S. 1145).

 

 

Dawson, N. H. R.:

CS-Captain Co C 4th Alabama Infantry; dropped 21.4.1862

 

 

Day, D. L.:

US-+++; 25th Massachusetts Infantry

 

Documents/Literature:

- Day, D. L.: My Diary of Rambles with the 25th Mass Volunteer Infantry with Burnsides Coast Division, 18th Army Corps, and Army of the James (Milford, Mass 1884); 153 pp; Nevins calls this "A full and illuminating diary, with many insights and much phi­losophizing."

 

 

Day, Elmore:

US-+++; 36th Illinois Infantry (Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, p. 398)

 

Documents/Literature:

- Day, Elmore: Letters (Chicago Historical Society, Chicago / Illinois)

 

 

Day, James Battersley:

US-+++; 1st Illinois Artillery (Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, p. 389)

 

 

Day, Lewis W.:

US-Sergeant; Co. E, 101st Regiment Ohio Infantry (National Park soldiers M552 Roll 15).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Day, L. W.: Story of the One Hundred and Forst Ohio Infantry (Cleveland: W. H. Bayne Printing Co., 1894)

 

 

Day, Samuel C.:

US-Captain; Co. BCF, 3re Regiment New York Light Artillery (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 34; Hess: The Union Soldier in Battle, p. 7).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Day, Samuel C.: Papers, Minne­sota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minn.

 

 

Day, S. B.:

CS-Lt; 1st Mississippi Cavalry (Col *Denis); Teilnahme an Van Dorn's Raid nach Holly Springs vom 20.12.1862; Day führte die Vorhut von Col Denis 1st Mississippi Cavalry beim Angriff auf Holly Springs (Bearss, Vicksburg Campaign, I 297).

 

 

Day, William A.:

CS-Pvt; 49th North Carolina Infantry

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Day, William A. Day (Pvt, 49th North Carolina): A True History of Co. I, 49th Regiment, North Carolina Troops (Butternut and Blue; Reprint der Originalausgabe von 1893); 141 pages; Photos, Index

 

 

Dayne, E. B.:

US-LtCol; 37th Illinois Infantry

 

Documents/Literature:

- White, Julius: Letter, September 5, 1868; 1 item. Letter, signed by Lt. Colonel E. B. Dayne, First Lieutenant E. P. Messer, and Cap­tain E. N. B. Messer, of the Thirty-seventh Illinois Volunteer Infantry, all of Lake County, Illinois, testifying to the favorable conduct of Brigadier General Julius White during the battle of Pea Ridge (Benton County) on March 6-8, 1862. Apparently written during a post-war political campaign, this letter refutes allegations made against White, accusing him of cowardice during the fight (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990)

 

 

Dayton, +++

US-Botschafter in Frankreich; Carl *Schurz, 1861 zum US-Botschafter in Spanien ernannt, schildert sein Zusammentreffen mit Day­ton, bei Schurz' Reise zum Dienstantritt (Schurz, Reminiscenses, vol. 2, S. 175)

 

 

Dayton, Lewis M.:

US-LtCol; 1864 during the Atlanta Campaign, Captain Dayton was adjutant of MajGen Sherman (Evans: Sherman's Horsemen, p. 30).

 

Born in New York, he moved west to Ohio and settled in Cincinnati and was married to Millie Dayton. He became a clerk in a machi­ne shop until the Civil War began in 1861. Dayton received an officer's commission on March 11, 1863 as Captain and Aide-de-camp in the Union Volunteer Army. He served on the staff of Major General William T. Sherman and was promoted to Major and Asst. Ad­jutant General on January 12, 1865. Two months later he was promoted again to Brevet Lieutenant Colonel and remained in that ca­pacity through the end of the war. He was assigned to Camp #6 in Ohio after the war's end until he was mustered out of the service on September 1, 1866. Dayton returned to Cincinnati, Ohio and became a merchant while living on Mount Auburn near the city. He died in there in 1891 when he was 55 years old (www.findagrave.com, accessed 7.2.2019).

 

In the Register of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States (Boston 1906, p. 69) his rank is given as Colonel.

 

30.11.1835 New York - † 18.5.1891 Hamilton County/Ohio, burial Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati/Ohio (www.findagrave.com, accessed 7.2.2019).

 

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