Version 24.8.2016





Maryland (CS):


a. allgemeines:


Maryland Truppen kämpften auch auf Seiten der USA (vgl. Swank: Courier, a.a.O., S. 1 ff).


Literatur, allgemein:

- Confederate Military History, vol. 2: Maryland (Wilmington N.C.: Broadfoot, 1987)

- Crute, Joseph H., jr.: Units of the Confederate States Army (Midlothian, Va.: Dervent Books, 1987)

- Dornbusch, C. E.: Military Bibliographie of the Civil War, 4 vols. Die Ausgabe von 1980 enthält bibliographische Daten zu veröffentlichter Literatur zu Maryland Truppen auf beiden Seiten der Kriegsgegner

- Goldsborough, W. W.: The Maryland Line in the Confederate Army, 1861-1865 (Gaithersburg, Md.: Butternut, 1983) (Archiv Ref, ameridownload: Maryland Line [CS])

- Hartzler, Daniel D.: Marylanders in the Confederacy (Silver Spring:, Md., Family Line Publishers, 1986), enthält Rosters und Quellen zu den einzelnen Einheiten

- Manakee, Harold Randall: The Civil War in Maryland (Baltimore: Maryland Historical Society, 1961), enthält knappe Zusammenfassung und eine Übersicht über die Beteiligung am Krieg auf beiden Seiten

- Newman, Harry W.: Maryland and the Confederacy (Annapolis, Md., 1976), enthält knappe Zusammenfassung der Regimentsge­schichten

- Sifakis, Stewart: Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Maryland (New York, Facts on File, 1995)

- US Army Military History Institute Unit Bibliographies (enthält Listen allgemeiner und spezieller Quellen aller US-Einheiten und CS-Einheiten




b. Infantry:


1st Regiment Maryland Infantry:

s. Col Arnold *Elzey; Col Bradley Tyler *Johnson; LtCol J. R. *Herbert; LtCol George H. *Steuart; Major W. W. *Goldsborough; Captain Charles C. *Edelin; Captain William H.*Murray; Sergeant John B. *Berryman (Co. C); Pvt Randolph H. *McKim; William H. *Murray


1st Infantry Regiment was assembled at Winchester, Virginia, during the early summer of 1861 with about 600 men. It fought in General Elzey's Brigade, then the Maryland Line, and was active at First Manassas, in Jackson's Valley Campaign, and the Seven Days' Battles. On August 11, 1862, the unit disbanded at Gordonsville, Virginia. Its commanders were Colonels Arnold Elzey, Bradley T. Johnson, and George H. Steuart, and Lieutenant Colonel Edward R. Dorsey.


Kommandeur im Juni 1861 war Col. Arnold *Elzey (vgl. Swank: Courier, a.a.O., S. 9; Davis: Battle of Bull Run, a.a.O., S. 84). Als Nachfolger von Col. *Elzey am 21.7.1861, der aufgrund Verwundung von Edmund Kirby *Smith im Battle von 1st Bull Run dessen Brigade übernahm, wurde Col Bradley Tyler *Johnson Regimentskommandeur der 1st Maryland Infantry.



- Goldsborough, W. W.: The Maryland Line in the Confederate Army, 1861-1865 (Gaithersburg, Md.: Butternut, 1983) (Archiv Ref, ameridownload: Maryland Line [CS]), S. 9 ff.

- McKim, Randolph H.: A Soldiers Recollections (Time Life: New York, 1984; Reprint: Orig Pub 1910). McKim entered the C.S.A. first as a Private in the 1st Maryland Infantry, later became a Staff Officer and then a Chaplain in the 2nd Virginia Cavalry

- Murray, William H.: Typescript of unpublished wartime letters; scattered dates (Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, Maryland)



4th Maryland Infantry Regiment:



- Archiv 9: US-Truppenteile, Maryland





c. Cavalry:


1st Regiment Maryland Cavalry:

s. Pvt. Thomas H-. *Schaeffer (Co. D)



1st Cavalry Regiment began its formation in May, 1862 and became a four-company battalion at Winchester, Virginia in November. It appears that only four additional companies ever joined the unit. The 1st Cavalry served in W. E. Jones', F. Lee's, and Lomax's Bri­gade, then the Maryland Line. Later it was under the command of W.L. Jackson, W.H. Payne, and T.T. Munford. It fought in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, the Pennsylvania Campaign, and at Beaver Dam Station, Pollard's Farm, and Trevillian's Station. The unit continued the fight in Early's Washington Campaign, McCausland's raid on Chambersburg, and later in the Shenandoah Valley and around Appomattox. In April, 1865, it cut through Federal lines at Appomattox and disbanded. The field officers were Lieutenant Colonels Ridgely Brown, Gustavus W. Dorsey, and Robert C. Smith.



1st Maryland Cavalry Battalion:

s. Maj Harry *Gilmore, Maj Ridgely *Brown; Captain William I. *Raisin (Co. E)


Battalion Commander war 1863 Maj Harry Gilmore. 1863 gehörte die Einheit zu Fitzhugh Lee's Cavalry Brigade; Stuart's Cavalry Division. Sein Stellvertreter war Maj Ridgely Brown (vgl. Longacre, The Cavalry at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 17).


Während der vom Col Schall befehligten US-Aufklärung vom 12.6.1863 südlich von Winchester/VA mit 5 Kompanien des 87th Re­giment Pennsylvania Infantry, a battalion of the 13rd Pennsylvania Cavalry und 2 guns of Battery L, Fifth US Artillery, mit einer Ge­samtstärke von 700 Mann (vgl. Nye: Here come the Rebels, a.a.O., S. 74), stieß die US-Aufklärung auf Captain Raisin's Co. E die zusammen mit einer Infantry Company on outpost duty bei Middleton/Shenandoah stand (vgl. Nye: Here come the Rebels, a.a.O., S. 75). Beide CS-Kompanien wurden in einen Hinterhalt gelockt; dabei wurde Raisin verwundet und geriet in Kriegsgefangenschaft (vgl. Nye: Here come the Rebels, a.a.O., S. 77; vgl. Valuska/Keller: Damn Dutch, a.a.O., S. 48; vgl. OR ser. I, vol. 27, pt. 2, S. 42, 53, 163).



2nd Battalion Maryland Cavalry:

s. Pvt Robert *Lehmann (Co. F)



2nd Cavalry Battalion was organized at Staunton, Virginia, in September, 1863, with six companies. After serving as partisan rangers, it was mustered into Confederate service in May, 1864. It fought with Early in the Shenandoah Valley, then late in 1864 moved to West Virginia to operate with Captain J.H. McNeill's Rangers. Lieutenant Colonel Harry W. Gilmor commanded this unit.







d. Artillery:


1st Maryland Artillery (Andrews' Battalion):

s. auch LtCol Richard Snowdon *Andrews; Major Joseph. W. *Latimer; Captain William F. *Dement; Jonathan Thomas *Scharf



- Andrews, R. Snowdon: Richard Snowdon Andrews, Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding the First Maryland Artillery (Andrews' Battalion) Confederate States Army: A Memoir (Baltimore, Md., 1910)

- Scharf, Jonathan Thomas (ed. Kelley, Tom): Personal Memoirs of Jonathan Thomas Scharf of the First Maryland Artillery (Butternut and Blue); 81 pp; 3 Illustrations, Map. This previously unpublished diary of Scharf (author of The History of the Confederate Navy) details Scharf's enlistment and subsequent service with the 1st Maryland Artillery, C.S.A. from August 1861 through Chancellorsville; a detailed and excellent source on this unit and the Army of Northern Virginia; after being wounded at Chancellorsville, Scharf joined the Confederate Navy



2nd Battery, Maryland Artillery ( Baltimore Battery):

s. Captain John *Brockenbrough, Captain William H. *Griffin



2nd Artillery Company, usually known as the Baltimore Battery, was formed in September, 1861. After fighting in Jackson's Valley Campaign the unit served with the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days' Battles to Gettysburg. It was assigned to the Maryland Line, then transferred to the cavalry and placed in P.M.B. Young's and B.T. Johnson's Brigade. The company was active at Yellow Tavern, Catoctin Mountain, Frederick, Poolesville, and in McCausland's raid on Chambersburg. Later it served as infantry in the trenches of Petersburg. It lost 1 killed and 2 wounded at Malvern Hill, had 106 men in action at Gettysburg, and surrendered with only 1 man. Captains John B. Brockenbrough and William H. Griffin were in command.


Im November 1862, als Jackson was ordered across the Blue Ridge wurde das Shenandoah-Tal verteidigt von Gen. W. E. Jones' Cavalry Brigade mit Hauptquartier in New Market. Die Truppen waren auf Zusammenarbeit angewiesen mit Gen George H. Steuart's Mixed Command bekannt als 'Maryland Line'. Die Artillery of Steuart's Force bestand als der 2nd Baltimore Battery oder Baltimore Light Artillery, früher kommandiert von Captain (John B.) Brockenbrough und jetzt durch Capt. William H. Griffin (vgl. Wise: The long Arm of Lee, a.a.O., Bd. 2, S. 446).


Am 21.4.1863 begleitete die Battery Jones on his raid into West Virginia, wo much damage was done to the Northwestern Railroad. It was for the purpose of this expedition that Griffin's Battery was fully mounted and thus converted into a horse battery (vgl. Wise: The long Arm of Lee, a.a.O., Bd. 2, S. 446).



4th Battery Maryland Artillery (Chesapeake Artillery):

s. auch Captain William D. *Brown; Pvt Francis *Smith



4th Artillery Company [also called Chesapeake Battery] was organized at Richmond, Virginia, during the spring of 1862. The unit served in J.W. Latimer's, R.S. Andrews', and C.M. Braxton's Battalion, and later the Maryland Line and D.G. McIntosh's Battalion. It fought with the Army of Northern Virginia from Cedar Mountain to Mine Run, saw action at Cold Harbor and south of the James River, and was involved in the Appomattox Campaign. The battery lost 1 wounded at Second Manassas, had 4 killed and 12 wounded of the 76 at Gettysburg, and surrendered with 1 sergeant and 11 privates. Captains William D. Brown and Walter S. Chew were its commanders.


Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 54, 69; Hotchkiss: Make me a Map, a.a.O., S. 306 Anm. 17; Jennings, C. Wise: The Long Arm of Lee: The History of the Artillery of the Army of Northern Virginia [New York, 1941], S. 983). Brown's Battery gehörte während Jackson's Vorstoß gegen Pope's neuaufgestellte Army of Virginia im Juli / August 1862 und beim Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9. August 1862 zu der, von A. R. *Courtney befehligten Divisionsartillerie der Division Ewell's (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 362).