Version 22.12.2018


Der Amerikanische

Bürgerkrieg 1861-1865


Literatur-Datenbank (im Aufbau)


(Litera S-Z)


ausgewertet von

Eberhard Ref



I. Literaturliste zum American Civil War (Books and Articles):




Litera S


Sabin, David B.: Ira A. Batterton and the Vicksburg Herald, an Unconditional Union Newspaper (1968)


Salecker, Gene Eric: Disaster on the Mississippi. The Sultana Explosion, April 27, 1865 (Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institut Press; 1996)


Salley, A. S.: "The Calhoun Family in America", South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, VII (1906), 81-98, 153-169


Salley, Alexander S.: South Carolina Troops in the Confederate Service, 3 vols (Columbia, SC, 1913-30)


Sandberg, Carl: Abraham Lincoln: The War Years (Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc: 1939); 3 vols


Sandbo, Anna I.: "The First Session of the Secession Convention of Texas," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 18 (Oct., 1914): 173- 175


Sanders, Raymond Wesley: “Men of Peoria in the Civil War.” Master’s thesis, Illinois State Normal University, 1960 (zu 8th Illinois Infantry)


Sanford, George B.: Fighting Rebels and Redskins. Experiences in Army Life of Colonel George B. Sanford, 1861-1892. Edited by E. R. Hagemann (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1969).


Sauers, Richard A.: Gettysburg. The Meade-Sickles Controversy (Brassey's Inc.: Washington DC, 2003)


Sauers, Richard Allen: John B. Bachelder: Government Historian at the Battle of Gettysburg; in: Gettysburg Magazine, Issue

Num­ber 2


Sauers, Richard A.: The Civil War Journal of Colonel William J. Bolton: 51st Pennsylvania Infantry, April 20, 1861 - August 2, 1865 (ed. by Richard A. Sauers) (DaCapo Press June 1999)


Sauers, Richard A.: Advance the Colors: Pennsylvania Civil War Battle Flags (Capitol Preservation Committee 1991); 2 Volumes


Sautter, Udo: Lexikon der amerikanischen Geschichte (München, 1997)


Sawyer, Franklin (LtCol; Co. F&S, 8th Regiment Ohio Infantry): A Military History of the 8th Regiment Ohio Vol. Inf'y: Its Battles, Marches and Army Movements. Cleveland, OH: Fairbanks & Co. Printing, 1881


Scarborough, Ruth: Belle Boyd. Siren of the South, Mercer University Press, Macon / GA 1984


Scarborough, William (ed.): The Diary of Edmund Ruffin (3Volumes, Louisiana State Univ.)


Scarborough, William Kaufman (ed.): The Diary of Edmund Ruffin, Vol. II.: The Years of Hope, April 1861-June 1863 (Louisiana State University Press, 1976)


Schafer, Joseph (Hrsg.): California Letters of Lucius Fairchild (Wisconsin Historical Publications Collection, Bd. 31)


Scharf, Thomas: History of Maryland from the Earliest Period to the Present Day, 3 vols. (1879, reprint ed., Hatboro, Pa.: Tradition Press, 1967)


Scharf, Jonathan Thomas (ed. Kelley, Tom): Personal Memoirs of Jonathan Thomas Scharf of the First Maryland Artillery (Butternut and Blue); 81 pp; 3 Illustrations, Map. This previously unpublished diary of Scharf (author of The History of the Confederate Navy) details Scharf's enlistment and subsequent service with the 1st Maryland Artillery, C.S.A. from August 1861 through Chancellors­ville; a detailed and excellent source on this unit and the Army of Northern Virginia; after being wounded at Chancellorsville, Scharf joined the Confederate Navy


Scharf, John Thomas: History of the Confederate States navy from its organization to the surrender of its last vessel (New York, Rogers & Sherwood, 1887).


Schecter, Barnet: The Devil's Own Work. The Civil War Draft Riots and the Fight to Reconstruct America (New York 1963)


Schildt, John W.: Drums Along the Antietam (Parsons/WVA, 3rd Printing 1982, 1982)


Schildt, John W.: September Echoes: The Maryland Campaign of 1862 (Middletown, MD, 1960


Schiller, Laurence D.: "A Taste of Northern Steel: The Evolution of Federal Cavalry Tactics, 1861-1865," North & South 2 (Jan. 1999); S. 32-33


Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr.: The Age of Jackson (Boston: Little, Brown & Company, 1945) (Anm.: Holt: The political Crisis, a.a.O., S. 263: „the best general introduction to Jacksonian politics“).


Schlesinger, Arthur M.: New Viewpoints in american History (New York, 1922) (contains a brilliant, brief discussion of the state-rights issue in American History [vgl. Stampp: And the War came, a.a.O., S. 4n3]).


Schneller, Robert J. jr.: A Quest of Glory. A Biography of Rear Admiral John A. Dahlgren (Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institut Press, 1996)


Schofield, John M.: Forty-Six Years in the Army. New York 1897 (Reprint 1998 durch University of Oklahoma Press)


Schultz, Duane: Dahlgren Affair. Terror and Conspiracy in the Civil War (New York 1998)


Schuricht, Hermann(1stLt; Co. D, 14th Regiment Virginia Cavalry, Albert G. Jenkin's Cavalry Brigade): "Jenkins Brigade in the Gettysburg Campaign"; in: SHSP 24 (1896), S. 329-51


Schurz, Carl: The Reminiscenses of Carl Schurz, Volume 2: 1852-1863 (New York: Doubleday, Page & Co., 1909)


Schurz, Carl: "Charles Sumner: An Essay by Carl Schurz" (ed. by Arthur Reed Hogue, 1951)


Schutz, Wallace J.: Major General John Pope and the Army of Virginia, n.p., 1986


Schutz, Wallace J. and Walter N. Trenerry: Abandoned by Lincoln. A Military Biography of General John Pope (University of Illinois Press: Urbana and Chicago, 1990)


Schweitzer, Edward E. (Corporal/Pvt, Co. I, 30th Regiment Ohio Infantry): Diary; Civil War Times Illustrated Collection, USMHI


Scroogs, Jack B.: „Arkansas in the Secession Crisis,“ Arkansas Historical Quarterly 12 (1953): 179-223


Scoggs, William O.: Filibusters and Financiers. The Story of William Walker and his Associates (New York, 1916)


Scott, J. L.: 60th Virginia Infantry (H. E. Howard Inc., Lynchburg/VA, 1998)


Scott, Kate M.: History of the One Hundred and Fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers (Philadelphia: New-World Publishing Company, 1877)


Scott, Newton and Hannah: Letters from a Iowa Soldier in the Civil War, +++ergänzen+++


Seagrave, Pia Seija (ed.): The History of the Irish Brigade: A Collection of Historical Essays (Fredericksburg 1997)


Sears, Stephen W.: Landscape Turned Red. The Battle of Antietam (New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1983; Ausgabe 2003)


Sears, Stephen W.: Chancellorsville (Boston, New York 1996)


Sears, Stephen W. (ed.): The Civil War Papers of George B. McClellan. Selected Correspondence 1860-1865 (New York: Da Capo Press, 1989; Paperback Edition 1992)


Sears, Stephen W.: George G. McClellan. The young Napoleon (New York 1988)


Sears, Stephen W.: To the Gates of Richmond. The Peninsula Campaign (New York, 1992)


Sears, Stephen W.: Controversies & Commanders. Dispatches from the Army of the Potomac (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company: 1999)


Sears, Stephen W.: Gettysburg (New York: Houghton Mifflin Company , 2003)


Sears, Stephen W.: „The Last Word on the Lost Order,“ MHQ 4:3 (Spring 1992), pp. 66-72


Sears, Stephen W.: Landscape Turned Red. The Battle of Antietam (New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1983)


Seaton, John (Captain, 22nd Illinois Infantry): "The Battle of Belmont," in "Sundry Papers" of the Kansas Commandary of the Loyal Legion of the United State, vol I, S. 320 ff


Sedgwick, John: Correspondence of Major General John Sedgwick. 2 vols (New York, 1902-03)


Sedgwick Welch, Emily (Sister): A Biographical Sketch of John Sedgwick Major-General (New York, NY, 2011)


Segrist, Philip L.: The Battle of Resaca (Macon / GA: Mercer University Press, 1998)


Seitz, Don C.: Braxton Bragg, General of the Confederacy (Columbia / SC: The State Company, 1924)


Sellers, Charles G., Jr.: „Who Were the Southern Whigs ?“; American Historical Review LIX (1954), 335-46


Sellers, James B: Slavery in Alabama (University of Alabama Press, 1950)


Seville, William P. History of the First Regiment Delaware Volunteers, from the Commencement of the "Three Months' Service" to the Final Muster-Out at the Close of the Rebellion. Wilmington, Delaware: Historical Society of Delaware, 1884


Seward, William H.: The Irrepressible Conflict. Speech by William H. Seward, delivered at Rochester, Monday, October 27, 1858 (New York, 1858)


Seymour, William J. (Capt 9th Louisiana): The Civil War Memoirs of Captain William J. Seymour: Reminiscenses of a Louisiana Ti­ger; edited by Terry L. Jones (Baton Rouge, LA: The University of Louisiana Press, 1991)


Shaara, Michael: The Killer Angels (New York: McKay, 1974) (Anm.: A Novel; vgl. LaFantasie: Josua Chamberlain and the Ameri­can Dream; in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S.52).


Shade, William G.: „Political Pluralism and Party Development: The Creation of a Modern Party System“; in: Paul Klepper et al.: The Evolution on American Electoral Systems (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1981), S. 77-112


Shade, William G.: „Political Culture and Party Development in Virginia, 1828-1852“ (paper delivered at the American Historical Association Convention, December 1982)


Shaffer, Donald R.: After the Glory: The Struggles of Black Civil War Veterans (2004). Traces the efforts of black veterans to secure authonomy, equality as civilians, and dignified manhood, and the obstacles they encountered as their lives assumed patterns, and they struggled with political involvement, family and martial life, experiences with social welfare, comradship with other veterans, and memories to the war.


Shalhope, Robert E.: Sterling Price: Portrait of a Southener. Columbia / Missouri 1971


Shanks, Henry Thomas: The Secession Movement in Virginia, 1847-1861 (Ams Printing Inc.: 1971)


Shannon, Fred (ed.): The Civil War Letters of Sergeant Onley Andrus (Urbana, Ill., 1947)


Shannon, Isaac N.: "Sharpshooters in Hood's Army"; Confederate Veteran 15 (1907), S. 406-407


Shaw, John M. (Captain): „The Life and Services of General John A. Rawlins,“ in: Glimpses of the Nation's Struggle, Vol. III,

p. 387


Shea, William L. und Hess, Earl J.: Pea Ridge. Civil War Campaign in the West.", 1992


Sheeran, James B. (14th Louisiana): Confederate Chaplain: A War Journal. Ed. Joseph T. Durkin, S. J. (Milwauckee: Bruce Publishing Company, 1960)


Sheridan, Philip H.: The Personal Memoirs of P. H. Sheridan (Originalausgabe 1888, 2 vols; Neuausgabe in einem Band; Da Capo Press: New York, 1992)


Sherman, John: Recollections of Forty Years in the House, Senate and Cabinet (Chicago, 1895)


Sherman, W. T.: Personal Memoirs of Gen. W. T. Sherman, Band 1 (New York: Jenkins & McCowan, 1890, reprint, No. Scituate / MA: 1999)


Shevchuk, Paul M.: "The Wounding of Albert Jenkins," Gettysburg Magazine, No. 3, S. 56-57


Shields, Randolph Tucker, Jr.: „Recollections of a Liberty Hall Volunteer.“ (Anm. Copelund Randolph Page, Corporal; Co. I, [Liberty Hall Volunteers], 4th Regiment Virginia Infantry); Rockbridge Historical Society Society Proceedings, Vol 9 (1975). Anm. Shields ist Enkel mütterlicherseits von Corporal Page


Shoup, F. A.: "How We Went to Shiloh," Confederate Veteran, vol 2 (1894), S. 137-140


Shoup, F. A.: "The Art of War in '62 - Shiloh." The United Service: A Monthly Review of Military and Naval Affairs, vol IX (July 1884), S. 1-13


Shoup, Francis A.: „Dalton Campaign-Works at Chattahoochee River – Interesting History“; in: Confederate Veteran 3 (Sept. 1895), pp. 262-65


Shultz, David: "Double Canister at ten Yards." The Federal Artillery and the Repulse of Pickett's Charge (Rank and File Publications: Redondo Beach / California, 1995)


Shultz, David L. and Scott L. Mingus Sr.: The Second Day at Gettysburg: The Attack and Defense of Cemetery Ridge, July 2, 1863 (Savas Beatie: California 2015)


Sickles, Daniel E., D. McM. Gregg, John Newton and Daniel Butterfield: „Further Recollections of Gettysburg“. North American Review, Vol. 152, no. 412 (March 1891)


Siegel, Alan A.: For the Glory of the Union: Myth, Reality, and the Media in the Civil War New Jersey (Rutherford N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1984)


Siepel, Kevin H.: Rebel - The Life and Times of John Singleton Mosby (New York: St. Martins Press, 1983)


Sifakis, Stewart: Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Mississippi (Facts On Line, Inc.: New York, 1995)


Sifakis, Stewart: Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Texas (New York, 1995)


Sifakis, Stewart: Who was Who in the Union. A Biographical Encyclopedia of more than 1500 Union Participants (Vol. I of Who was Who in the Civil War; New York 1988)


Simms, Walter Gilmore: Sack and Destruction of the City of Columbia, SC (Columbia, SC: Power Press of Daily Phönix, 1865)


Simon, John Y. and Michael E. Stevens, eds., New Perspectives on the Civil War: Myths and Realities, o] the National Conflict (Madison, WI: Madison House, 1998)


Simpson, Brooks D: Great Expectations: Ulysses S. Grant, the Northern Press, and the Opening if the Wilderness Campaign; in: Gallagher, Gary W. (ed.): The Wilderness Campaign (The University of North Carolina Press: Chapel Hill & London, 1997), S. 1 ff.


Simpson, Harold B.: Gaines' Mill to Appomattox. Waco and McLennan County in Hood's Texas Brigade (Texian Press. Waco, Texas., 1963)


Simpson, Harold B.: Hood's Texas Brigade: Lee's Grenadier Guard (Waco: Texian Press, 1970. Reprint. Gaithersburg, Md.: Olde Soldier Books Inc., 1994)


Simson, Jay W.: Crisis of Command in the Army of the Potomac: Sheridan's Search for an Effective General (Jefferson, NC and London: McFarland & Company, 2008)


Sitterson, J. C.: The Secession Movement in North Carolina (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1939)


Slade, A. D.: Alfred T. A. Torbert, Southern Gentleman in Blue (Dayton, OH: Morningside, 1992)


Slater, John S. (Corporal 13th Regiment New York Infantry: An Address to the Soldiers of the Army of the Potomac, and Especially to the Surviving Members of the fifth Corps (Washington, DC: 1880)


Slaughter, Philip G.: A Sketch of the Life of Randolph Fairfax, A Private in ... Rockbridge Artillery, Attached to the Stonewall Brigade (Richmond: Tyler, Allegre, and McDaniel, 1864).


Sloan, Richard E.: „Abraham Lincoln's New York City Funeral.“ In: Holzer, Symonds, and Williams: The Lincoln Assassination: Crime and Punishment, Myth and Memory, p. 55-93.


Sloan, William E. (Pvt, Co. D, 5th Tennessee Cavalry [McKenzie's[): Diary, Tennessee State Library and Archives Nashville/TN.


Small, Abner R.: The Road to Richmond: The Civil War Memoirs of Major Abner R. Small of the 16th Maine Volunteers; ed. Ha­rold A. Small (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1939)


Smart, James G.: A Radical View: The Agate Dispatches of Whitelaw Reid. 2 vols (Memphis: Memphis State University Press, 1976)


Smith, Abram P. (2ndLt; Co. F&S, 76th New York Infantry): History of the Seventy-Sixth Regiment New York Volunteers (Cortland, N.Y., 1867).


Smith, Albert E., Jr: Civil War Diaries and Personal Narratives. A Selected Bibliography of Books in the General Collection of the Library of Congress (Washington/CS, 1998)


Smith, Charles H.: History of Fuller's Ohio Brigade (Cleveland, 1909)


Smith, David M. (ed.): "Compelled to Appear in Print" - The Vicksburg Manuscript of General John C. Pemberton [Cincinnati / OH: Ironclad Publishing, 1999]


Smith, Daniel P.: Company K, First Alabama Regiment, or, three years in the Confederate service Philadelphia: Burke & McFe­tridge, 1885 [Reprinted, microfiche; reprinted, Gaithersburg, MD: Butternut Press, 1984; contains regimental muster roll]


Smith, David M. (ed.): „The Civil Diary of Colonel John Henry Smith,“ in: Iowa Journal of History 47 (April 1949), p. 140-170


Smith, Donald L.: The Twenty-Fourth Michigan of the Iron Brigade. Harrisburg: The Stackpole Company, 1962


Smith, Elbert B.: Francis Preston Blair (Free Press, 1980)


Smith, Henry I. (1stLt, 7tr Iowa Iowa Infantry): History of the Seventh Iowa Veteran Volunteer Infantry During the Civil War (Mason City, 1903)


Smith, Jacob (Co. D, 107th Regiment Ohio Infantry): Camps and Campaigns of the 107th regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry from Au­gust, 1862 to July 1865. N. p, 1910


Smith, James E. (4th NY Light Artillery): A Famous Battery and its Campaigns (Benedum Books); Reprint of 1892 Original (4th Battery New York Light Artillery)


Smith, James Power: With Stonewall Jackson in the Army of Northern Virginia Southern Historical Society Papers, 43 (1920)(Re­print, Gaithersburg, MD: Zullo and Van Sickle Books, 1982)


Smith, James Power: „Stonewall Jackson in Winter Quarters at Moss Neck“, Hotchkiss Papers, Library of Congress


Smith, James Power: „General Lee at Gettysburg; a paper read before the Military Historical Society of Massachusetts, on the fourth of April, 1905,“ Richmond: R. E. Lee Camp, no. 1, Confederate Veteran 1905


Smith, Jean Edward: Grant (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2006)


Smith, John Day: The History of the Nineteenth Regiment of Maine Volunteer Infantry (Minneapolis/Minnesota, 1909)


Smith, John L.: comp. History of the 118th Pennsylvania Volunteers, Corn Exchange Regiment (Philadelphia: J. L. Smith, Publis­her, 1905)


Smith, John T. (Col 31st Indiana Infantry): History of the Thirty-First Regiment of Indiana Infantry (Cincinnati, 1900)


Smith, Marc A. and Wade Sokolosky: „No Such Army Since the Days of Julius Caesar": Sherman's Carolinas Campaign from Fayetteville to Averasboro, March 1865“


Smith, Robert G. A Brief Account of the Services Rendered by the Second Regiment Delaware Volunteers in the War of the Rebelli­on. Wilmington, Delaware: Historical Society of Delaware, 1909.


Smith, Timothy B.: Champion Hill. Decisive Battle for Vicksburg (New York, 2006)


Smith, William: "An Eye-Witness Account of the Skirmish at Fairfax Court House," in: Fairfax County and the War between the States, 1-10. Vienna, Va.: Fairfax County Civil War Centennnial Commission, 1961


Smith, William Alexander (Major, 14th North Carolina Infantry): The Ansom Guards, Company 'C' Fourteenth Regiment North Carolina Volun­teers, 1861-1865 (Broadfoot Publishing, 1978)


Smith, William Ernest: The Francis Preston Blair Family in Politics (New York: The Macmillan Comp., 1933)


Snead, Thomas L.: The First Year of the War in Missouri; in: Battles & Leaders, I S. 262-277


Snead, Thomas L.: „With Price East of the Mississippi.“ In Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, edited by Robert Underwood Johnson and Clarence C. Buel, vol. 2 (New York 1887), pp. 717-34


Snedeker, Henry Charles: Civil War Diary 1863-1865 +++ergänzen+++


Snell, Mark A.: From First to Last: The Life of Major General William B. Franklin (New York, NY, 2002)


Snow, W. P.: Southern Generals. New York, 1865


Sorrel, Moxley: Gen G. Moxley Sorrel, C.S.A. Recollections of a Confederate Staff Officer (New York, 1905), Reprint 1999 Broadfoot Publishing - Reprint of McCowat-Mercer 1958 printing - Dust Jacket - Edited by Bell Wi­ley - Nevins says „Incisive me­moirs by the cultured, mild-mannered Chief of Staff for Gen. James Longstreet; contains much on the high command of the Army of Northern Virginia“


Sowle. Patrick M.: „The Conciliatory Republicans During the winter of Secession“ (Ph.D dissertation, Duke University, 1963)


Sparks, David S. (ed.): Inside Lincoln's Army: The Diary of Marsena Rudolph Patrick, Provost Marshall General, Army of the Po­tomac (New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1964)


Sparks, Edwin E. (ed.): The Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1858. Ill. Hist. Coll., Vol. 3 (1908)


Spear, Ellis: The 20th Maine at Fredericksburg: The Conflicting Accounts of Gen. Josua L. Chamberlain and Gen. Ellis Spear (Union Publishing); Foreword by Tom Desjardin; 104 pp. Spear raised many of the units that came from Maine; he held a dif­ferent view of war and held with distain the glory told in the memoirs of most veterans. He took issue with Chamberlain's "My Story of Fredericks­burg" and wrote his own "My Story of Fredericksburg and Comments Thereon...", later known as the "Comments". A Captain during the battle, he took issue with what he saw as Chamberlain and others "...boasting or misrepresentation of their own services." Both stories are reprinted with commentary and additional details on the 20th Maine at Fredericksburg; Photos; Maps

Speer, Lonnie R.: Portals to Hell. Military Prisons of the Civil War (Mechanicsburg 1997)


Spear, Ellis (Captain 20th Maine Infantry): „Memorial Day Speech Given at Warren, Maine,“ May 30, 1888, in the possession of the late Abbott Spear, Warren, Maine


Speed, Thomas; R. M. Dudley, and Alfred Pistle: The Union Regiments of Kentucky (Louisville, 1897)


Spencer, Cornelia Philipps: The Last Ninety Days of the War in North Carolina (New York: Watchman Publishing, 1866)


Sprague, Homer B. (13th Connecticut Vols): "Lights and Shadows in Confederate Prisons: A Personal Experience 1864-5" (Put­nam's, New York 1915); 163 pp; Index. An account of prison life at Libby, Danville and Salisburg Prisons by a Colonel of the 13th Connecticut


Sprague, John T.: The Florida War (New York, 1848)


Stackpole, Edward J.: They met at Gettysburg. A Step by Step Retelling of the Battle (Mechanicsburg 1986)


Stackpole, Edward J.: Chancellorsville. Lee's Greatest Battle (Erstauflage 1894; 2nd Edition, Stackpole Books 1958, updated by Scott Hartwig)


Stackpole, Edward J.: From Cedar Mountain to Antietam (2. Auflage der Erstausgabe von 1959; Stackpole Books: Harrisburg, Pa., 1993)


Stackpole, Edward J.: Chancellorsville. Lee's Greatest Battle (2nd Edition, Harrisburg 1958 und 1988)


Stackpole, Edward J.: The Fredericksburg Campaign (Originalausgabe 1894, reprint 1994)


Stackpole, Edward J.: Sheridan in the Shenandoah, Second Edition (Harrisburg 1992)


Stamp, James B. (Sergeant 3rd Alabama Infantry): "Ten months experience in Northern prisons" in Alabama Historical Quarterly, XVIII (1956), pp.486-498


Stampp, Kenneth M.: And the War Came: The North and the Secession Crisis, 1860-1861 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1950, 1970)


Stampp, Kenneth M.: Indiana Politics during the Civil War (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1978)


Stampp, Kenneth M. (ed.): The Causes of the Civil War (revised Touchstone Edition: Simon & Schuster Inc.: New York, 1986)


Stampp, Kenneth M.: The Peculiar Institution. Slavery in the Ante-Bellum-South (New York, 1956)


Stampp, Kenneth M.: The Era of Reconstruction. America after the Civil War, 1865-1877 (London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1965)


Stampp, Kenneth M.: The Imperiled Union: Essays on the Civil War


Stampp, Kenneth M.: America in 1857: A Nation on the Brink


Stanley, David S.: Personal Memoirs of Major General David Sloan Stanley, U.S.A. (Cambridge / Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1917)


Stanyan, John M. (Captain, 8th New Hampshire Infantry): A History of the Eighth Regiment of New Hampshire Volunteers, Including Its Service as Infantry, Second N.H. Cavalry, and Veteran Battalion in the Civil War of 1861-1865, L. C. Evans, 1892.


Starr, Stephen Z.: The Union Cavalry in the Civil War, Vol. 1: From Fort Sumter to Gettysburg


Starr, Stephen Z.: The Union Cavalry in the Civil War, Vol. 3: The War in the West 1861-1865


Starr, Stephen Z.: Jennison's Jayhawkers: A Civil War Cavalry Regiment and Its Commanders (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Universi­ty Press, 1973)


Starr: Bohemian Brigade +++ergänzen+++


Statistics of the United States in 1860 Compiled from the Original Returns of the Eight Census (1866, reprinted New York: Arno Press, 1976)


Staudenraus, P. J. (ed.): Mr. Lincoln's Washington. Selections from the Writings of Noah Brooks Civil War Correspondent


Stearns, Austin C. (Sergeant; Co. K, 13th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry): Three Years with Company K (ed. Arthur A. Kent: Rutherford, N.J., Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1976)


Steele, Matthew Forney: American Campaigns, Vol II – Maps (Washington 1931)


Steffen, Randy: The Horse Soldier, 1776-1943: The United States Cavalryman - His Uniforms, Arms, Accoutrements, and Equip­ments, 4 vols (Norman, Okla., 1977-80)


Steiner, Lewis H.: Report of Lewis H. Steiner, Medical Doctor, Inspector of the Sanitary Commission: Containing a Diary kept During the Rebel Occupation of Frederick, MD. and the Campaign in Maryland, September 1862 (reprint Forgotten Books, 2017)


Steinbach, Robert H.: A Long March: The Lives of Frank and Alice Baldwin (University of Texas: Austin 1989)


Steiner, Bernard: The Life of Henry Winter Davis (Baltimore: John Murphy, 1916)


Stephens, Alexander H: A Constitutional View of the Late War Between the States (2 vols. Philadelphia, PA: National Publishing, 1870)


Stephens, Alexander H.: "Alexander H. Stephens' Prison Life; in: Confederate Veteran Vol I Mai 1893 S. 137/38


Stephenson, David and Theodore T. Scribner: Indiana's Roll of Honor (2 vols., Indianapolis 1864, 1866)


Stephenson, N. W.: "Southern Nationalism in South Carolina in 1851 (American Historical Review, XXXVI, S. 314-335)


Stepp, Jeff: „Dedications of the New Gravestone for Major Abner Carmichael“; Company Front (May-June 1995)


Sterling, Robert E.: „Civil War Draft Resistance in the Middle West“ (Ph.D. Diss., Northern Illinois University, 1974


Stern, Philip Van Doren: Secret Missions of the Civil War. First-hand accounts by men and women who risked their lives in under­ground activities for the North and the South (New York, 1959, 1987, 1990)


Stern, Philip Van Doren: The Man who killed Lincoln (New York: Literary Guild, 1939)


Stern, Philip Van Doren: An End to Valor: of the Civil War (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1958)


Stevens, Charles A.: Berdan’s US-Sharpshooters in the Army of the Potomac, 1861-1865 (St. Paul Minnesota: Price McGill Compan­y, 1892)


Stevens, Charles A. The Battle of Gettysburg, 1863: from "Sharpshooting and Skirmishing" (by the Berdan Sharpshooters) in the Army of the Potomac. Shakopee: C.A. Stevens, 1890.


Stevens, George T. (Surgeon, 77th NY Vols.): Three Years in the Sixth Corps: A Concise Narrative of Events in the Army of the Potomac, From 1861 to the Close of the Rebellion, April, 1865 (Albany 1866); 436 pp; Illustrated. Nevins calls this "One of the justifiably basic sources for any study of the Army of the Potomac; fresh, reliable, accurate account that spans the entire war years."


Stevens, Hazard: The Life of Isaac Ingalls Stevens (Boston, 1900)


Stevens, John W. (Corporal; Co. K, 5th Regiment Texas Infantry): Reminiscenses of the Civil War (Hillsboro / Texas: Hillsboro Mirror Print, 1902)


Stevens, Peter F: Rebels in Blue: The Story of Keith and Malinda Blalock, Taylor Trade Publishing 1999


Stevenson, Thomas M.: History of the 78th Regiment Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry (Zanesville, Ohio, 1865)


Stewart, Alexander Morrison (Chaplain, 102nd Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry): Camp, March and Battlefield; or, Three Years and a Half with the Army of the Potomac (Philadel­phia1865, Reprint 2012)


Stewart, George R.: Pickett's Charge. A microhistory of the final attack at Gettysburg, July 3, 1863 (Houghton Mifflin Company: Bo­ston, 1959, Auflage 1991)


Stewart, Nixon B. (Sgt. Co. E. 52nd Ohio Infantry): Dan McCook's Regiment, 52nd O.V.I. A History of the Regiment, Its Cam­paigns, and Battles (Al­liance, Ohio: Review Print, 1900; Reprint Blue Acorn Press).


Stewart, Robert L. (Corporal, 140th Pennsylvania Infantry): History of the 140th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers (Philadelphia 1912)


Stewart, William H.(LtCol, 61st Virginia Infantry ): A Pair of Blankets. War-Time History in Letters to the Young People of the South (Broadfoot Publishing; Reprint of 1911 original); 274 pp; Edited by Benjamin Trask, with added Index and Notes.


Stickles, Arndt M.: Simon Bolivar Buckner (Chapel Hill, 1940)


Stickley, Ezra E.: „Battle of Sharpsburg“; in: Confederate Veteran, Vol. XXII, 1914, p. 66


Stidger, Felix G.: Treason History of the Order of Sons of Liberty (Anm.: Stidger war US-Geheimagent; ihm gelang "broke up the Copperhead conspiracy in Indiana"; vgl. Van Doren Stern: Secret Missions, a.a.O., S. 14)


Stiles, Kenneth E.: 4th Virginia Cavalry (H. E. Howard Co. Inc., Lynchburg VA, 1985)


Stiles, Robert: Four Years Under Marse Robert (New York & Washington: The Neal Publishing Company, 1903)


Stillwell, Leander (2ndLt, 61st Illinois Infantry): The Story of a Common Soldier of Army Life in the Civil War, 1861-1865 (2nd edition Kansas City, Mo.: Fran­klin Hudson Publishing Co., 1920)


Stillwell, Leander (2ndLt, 61st Illinois Infantry): "In the Ranks at Shiloh," Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, XV, Nos. 1-2 (April-July, 1923), S. 460-476


Stillwell, Leander ( (2ndLt, 61st Illinois Infantry)): „In the Ranks at Shiloh.“ War Talks in Kansas. Kansas City, 1906


Stine, James H.: History of the Army of the Potomac (Philadelphia: Rodgers, 1892)


Stirman, E. I.: „Career of Gen. Ben McCulloch.“ Confederate Veteran 21 (1913)


Stoker, Donald: The Grand Design. Strategy and the U.S. Civil War (Oxford 2010)


Stokes, Karen: South Carolina Civilians in Sherman's Path (Charleston, SC and London: History Press, 2012)


Stone, Henry Lane (Sergeant, 9th Kentucky Cavalry [CS]): Morgan's Men. Narrative of Personal Experiences (Louisville, Kentucky, 1919; Reprint: Greencastle, Ken­tucky 1992)


Stone, James Madison (Corporal 21st Massachusetts Infantry, also 36th Mass.) : Personal Recollections of the Civil War (Boston: 1918)


Stone, Richard G.: A Brittle Sword: The Kentucky Militia, 1776-1912 (Lexington, 1977)


Storch, Marc and Beth: "What a Deadly Trap We Were In: Archer's Brigade on July 1, 1863"; in: Gettysburg Magazine Nr. 6


Storey, Moorfield: Charles Sumner (1900)


Storrs, John W.: The Twentieth Connecticut, A Regimental History (Ansonia, Conn., 1886) (PDF-Version available)


Stotelmyer, Steven R.: The Bivouacs of the Dead: The Story of Those Who Died at Antietam and South Mountain (Baltimore: Toomey Press, 1992)


Stoy, George A.: The Forgotten Man: Captain William Duncan – Chief Scout for Major General O. O. Howard During Sherman's March to the Sea (CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform; 1 edition April 29, 2014)


Strang, Edgar B. (Pvt (Saddler); Co. B&M, 6th Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry): General Stoneman's Raid or The Amusing Side of Army life (Philadelphia, Pa.: E. B. Strang, 1911


Strong, George Templeton: The Diary of George Templeton Strong, 1835-1875, ed. Allan Nevins and Milton H. Thomas (New York: Macmillan, 1952)


Strother, David Hunter: "Personal Recollections of the War by a Virginian, Antietam." (Harper's New Monthly Magazine, XXXVI (February 1868), S. 275-91


Stryker, Lloyd Paul: Andrew Johnson (New York: McMillan Comp., 1929)


Stryker, William S.: Record of Officers and Men of New Jersey in the Civil War, 1861-1865; Vol. I (Trenton/New Jersey, 1876)


Stryker, William S.: Record of Officers and Men of New Jersey in the Civil War, 1861-1865; Vol. II (Trenton/New Jersey, 1876)


Stuart, Addison A. (Captain 17th Iowa Infantry): Iowa Colonels and Regiments: Being a History of Iowa Regiments in the War of the Rebellion (Des Moines, 1865)


Stuart, Merriwether: „Samuel Ruth and General R. E. Lee: Disloyality and the Line of Support to Fredericksburg, 1862/63“; Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 71:1 (Jan. 1963), pp. 35-109


Sturtevant, Ralph Orson (Pvt; Co. K, 13th Regiment Vermont Infantry): Pictorial History 13th Regiment Vermont Volunteers War of 1861-1865, Vt. 1911


Styple, William B. (ed.): Our noble Blood. The Civil War Letters of Major General Maj. Gen. Philipp Regis de Trobriand (NY: Belle Grove Publishing, 1997)


Styple, William B. (ed.): Generals in Bronze: Interviewing the Commanders of the Civil War (Kearny, NJ, 2005)


Sulivane, Clement (Captain and AAG): „The Fall of Richmond“; in: B&L, vol. III, p. 725-726


Sullivan, James P.: „Co. K, 6th Wis. Vols.“ (poem), Mauston Star, c. 1883 (Anm. zum Hintergrund des Gedichtes s. Herdegen/Beau­dot: Bloody Railroad Cut, a.a.O., S. 39)


Sullivan, James P.: „The Iron Brigade at Bull Run,“ Milwaukee Sunday Telegraph, March 16, 1884


Sullivan, James P.: „The Battle of Gainesville,“ Milwaukee Sunday Telegraph 4.11.1883


Sullivan, James P.: "The Old Iron Brigade at Gettysburg," Milwaukee Sunday Telegraph, 20 December 1884


Sullivan, James P.: Mauston Star 13.2.1883; zitiert nach Herdegen and Beaudot: In the Bloody Railroad Gap at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 167n61 und Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 617n93


Summers, Alexander: „Gone to Glory at Farmington“: A Profile of Col. James Monroe of Mattoon, Hero of Two Regiments in the Civil War (Mattoon, Ill.: Mattoon Historical Society, 1963)


Summers, Festus P.: The Baltimore & Ohio in the Civil War: The History of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad in the Civil War (Stan Clark Military Books; 360 pp; Reprint of 1939 Original - Introduction by John Hankey)


Sunderland, Glenn W.: Lightning at Hoover's Gap (Cranbury, New Jersey: Thomas Yoseloff, 1969)


Surby, R. W.: Grierson Raids and Hatch Sixty-Four Days March with Biographical Sketches and the Life and Adventures of Chicka­saw, the Scout (Chicago 1865)


Sutherland, Daniel E.: "Getting the 'Real War' into the Bocks," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 98 (April 1990), 193-220;


Swanberg, W. A.: Sickles the Incredible (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1956). Swanberg's Werk is heavely biased in favor of the general, but remains the best sketch of Sickles yet in print (vgl. Sauers: Gettysburg: The Meade-Sickles Controversy, a.a.O., S. 164 Anm. 14)


Swanberg, W. A.: First Blood. The Story of Fort Sumter (New York 1957)


Swank, Walbrook D. (ed.): Courier for Lee and Jackson. 1861-1865 Memoirs (White Mane Publishing: Shippensburg, 1993)


Swiggett, Samuel A. (36th Iowa Infantry): The Bright Side of Personal Experiences in Prison and Out Of Involuntary Sojourner in Rebeldom (Baltimore, 1897)


Swinton, William: Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac: A Critical History of Operations in Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylva­nia, from the Commencement to the Close of the War, 1861-65 (New York: Charles B. Richardson, 1886)


Swinton, William: Campaign of the Army of the Potomac (New York: Charles B. Richardson, 1886)


Sword, Wiley: Southern Invincibility: A History of the Confederate


Sword, Wiley: Sharpshooter: Hiram Berdan, His Famous Sharpshooters and their Sharps Rifles (Lincoln, RI, 1988)


Symonds, Craig L.: A Battlefield Atlas of the Civil War (2nd Edition, Baltimore, Md: Nautical and Aviation Publising Company of America, 1983)


Symonds, Craig L.: Gettysburg. A Battlefield Atlas (6th Printing, Baltimore, Md: Nautical and Aviation Publising Company of Ame­rica, 1999)


Symonds, Craig L.: Stonewall of the West. Patrick Cleburne & The Civil War (University Press of Kansas: Lawrence / Kansas, 1997)


Symonds, Craig L.: Joseph E. Johnston. A Civil War Biography (W. W. Norton & Co.: New York 1992, Paperback-Ausgabe 1994)


Sypher, Josiah: History of the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps (Lancaster 1865)







Litera T


Tagg, Larry: The Generals of Gettysburg. The Leaders of America's Greatest Battle (Mason City/Iowa, 1998)


Taliaferro, William M.: "Our Confederate Column“; Richmond Times-Dispatch [RTD], November 8, 1903 (the account by an uni­dentified member of the headquarters party in "Our Confederate Column," Richmond Times-Dispatch, November 8, 1903 stammt aus der Feder von Taliaferro [vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 420 n. 32]). Taliaferro gehörte zur Company E, 2nd Virginia Ca­valry und diente offensichtlich Jackson als Courier im Headquarter während des Vorstoßes gegen Pope's Army of Virginia im August 1862 und dem Battle von Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 [vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 420 n. 32]).


Tannenbaum, Frank: Slave and Citizen (New York, 1946)


Tanner, Robert G.: Stonewall in the Valley. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's Shenandoah Valley Campaign Spring 1862 (völlig über­arbeitete Neuausgabe 1996 der Erstausgabe von 1976; Taschenbuchausgabe Stackpole Books: Mechanicsburg, 2002)


Tap, Bruce: Over Lincoln's Shoulder. The Committee on the Conduct of the War (Lawrence, Kans.: University Press of Kansas, 1998)


Tarrant, Eastham: The Wild Riders of the First Kentucky Cavalry (US) (Louisville: Committee of the Regiment, 1894)


Taylor, Emerson G.: Gouverneur Kemble Warren: The Life and Letters of an American Soldier, 1830-1882 (Boston: Houghton Miff­lin, 1932)


Taylor, Frank: Philadelphia in the Civil War 1861-1865 (Dunlap: Philadelphia 1913)


Taylor, John T.: "Reminiscenses of Services as an Aide-de-Camp with General William Tecumseh Sherman." Kansas Mollus (Kan­sas City, Mo. 1892, S. 127-142)


Taylor, Michael W. Taylor: To Drive the Enemy from Southern Soil: The Letters of Colonel Francis Marion Parker and the History of the 30th Regiment North Carolina Troops (Morningside: Dayton, 1998)


Taylor, Nelson (9th NY Cavalry): Saddle and Saber: The Letters of Civil War Cavalryman Corporal Nelson Taylor (Heritage Books, 1993); 202 pp; Illustrated. Collection of 103 letters by this Cavalryman from Chatauqua County, edited by his grandson, Dr. Gray Nelson Taylor. Graphic descriptions of cavalry engagements and ordinary soldier life.


Taylor, Walter H.: Four Years with General Lee (Erstausgabe 1877; Reprint 1962: New York


Taylor, Walter H. (Adjutant General, Army of N. Va): General Lee: His Campaigns in Virginia, 1861-1865 (Morningside, Dayton); 314 pp; 9 Colored Fold-Out Maps. Taylor served as Lee's Adjutant for 4 years and has written the most reliable book on Lee's cam­paigns. Nevins calls this "The better of Col. Taylor's two volumes of reminiscences because this work contains more personal obser­vations and remembrances." (Originally published in Norfolk 1906) - Walter H. Taylor: Four Years with General Lee, Erstausgabe 1877 (Neuauflage New York, Bonanza Books, 1962) (auf diesem Werk basiert Taylor's "General Lee", das eine geglättete Form des ursprünglichen Werkes darstellt).


Taylor, Walter H.: "The Campaign in Pennsylvania"; in: Annals of the War, a.a.O., S. 305 ff


Taylor, Walter H.(Adjutant General, Army of N. Va): Lee's Adjutant: The Wartime Letters of Colonel Walter Herron Taylor, 1862-1865 (Univ S. Carolina, 1995); ed. by R. Lockwood Tower


Taylor, Walter H.: „Second Paper By Colonel Walter H. Taylor“; in: Southern Historical Society Papers, 4, p. 129 (betrifft die Mei­nungsverschiedenheiten zum Angriff am 2.7.1863 bei Gettysburg: links aus Culp's Hill oder right Flank toward Round Tops bzw. Wheat Field [vgl. hierzu: Hessler: Sickles at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S- 121:0“ But Richard Ewell and his division commanders, especial­ly Jubal Early, convinced Lee, that the terrain in their front did not favour such an assault“ against Culp's Hill]).


Taylor, William R.: „Francis Parkman“; in: Cunliffe, Marcus and Robin Winks: Pastmasters. Some Essays on American Historians (Harper & Row, Publisher: New York 1969), S.1-38


Teel, Trevanion T.: Sibley's New Mexican Campaign; in: Battles & Leaders, vol 2, S. 700


Temple, Oliver P.: East Tennessee in the civil War (Robert Clark Co.: Cincinnati, 1899)


Temple, Oliver P.: Notable Men of Tennessee from 1833 to 1875 (New York: Cosmopolitan Press, 1912)


Temple, Wayne C. (ed.): The Civil War Letters of Henry C. Bear: A Soldier in the 116th Illinois Volunteer Infantry (Harrogate / Tenn.: Lincoln Memorial University Press, 1961)


Tennessee Adjutant General. Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Tennessee, of the Military Forces of the State, From 1861 to 1866. Nashville: S. C. Mercer, 1866.


Tennes­see Civil War Centennial Commission: Tennesseans in the Civil War: A Military History of Confederate and Union Units with Available Rosters pf Personnel (Nashville, 1964)


Terrel, W. H. H.: Report of the Adjutant General of Indiana (8 vols.; Indianapolis: Alexander H. Conner, W. R. Holloway, Samuel M. Douglass: State Printers, 1865-1869) (vgl. zum Inhalt und zur Entstehungsgeschichte: Thornbrough: Indiana in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 727)


Tevis, C.V.: History of the Fighting (Brooklyn) Fourteenth (New York 1911)


Tharin, Robert S.: Arbitrary Arrests in the South: or, Scenes from the Experience of an Alabama Unionist (New York, 1863, reprint 2012)


Thatcher, Marshall P. (2nd Michigan Cavalry): A Hundred Battles in the West: St. Louis to Atlanta, 1861-1865: The Second Michi­gan Cavalry, With the Armies of the Mississippi, Ohio, Kentucky and Cumberland (Detroit 1884)


Thayer, John M. (General): "Grant at Pilot Knob"; McClure's Magazin, Vol. V, S. 433 ff


Thomas, Emory M.: Bold Dragoon. The Life of J. E. B. Stuart (1986)


Thomas, Emory M.: The Confederate Nation, 1861-1865 (1979)


Thomas, Emory M.: The Confederate State of Richmond: A Biography of the Capital (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1971)


Thomas, James E. and Dean S. Thomas: Cannons. An Introduction to Civil War Artillery (12 Auflage 1999, Thomas Publications, Gettysburg)


Thomas, James E. and Dean S. Thomas: A Handbook of Civil War Bullets & Cartridges (Gettysburg: Thomas Publications, 1996)


Thomas, John L.: The Libertator, William Lloyd Garrison (Boston, 1963)


Thomas, P. Benjamin and Hyman, Harold M.: Stanton. The Life and Times of Lincoln's Secretary of War (New York 1962)


Thomason, John W., Jr.: Jeb Stuart (Charles Scribner's Sons, 1929, reprint 1994)


Thompson, David L. (Pvt; Co. G, 9th Regiment New York Infantry): „In the Ranks to the Antietam“; in: B&L,. Vol. II, p. 556-558


Thompson, E. Porter: History of the First Kentucky Brigade (Cincinnati, Ohio, 1868) Anm.: = Orphan Brigade


Thompson, Ed Porter: History of the Orphan Brigade (Louisville: Lewis N. Thompson, 1898)


Thompson, James Monroe (First Sergeant; Co. G, 6th Regiment Alabama Infantry): Reminiscences of Autauga Rifles (Co. G., Sixth Alabama Volunteer Regiment, C.S.A.) University, AL: Confederate Publishing Co., 1985 [Reprinted, microfiche; a paper read before the Historical Association, 19 Dec 1879, at Autauga­ville, Alabama]


Thompson, Jerry D.: Westward the Texans: The Civil War Letters of Private William Randolph Howell (El Paso: Texas Western Press, 1990) (Howell war Angehöriger von Co. C, 5th Texas Mounted Volunteers)


Thompson, Jerry D.: Colonel John Robert Baylor: Texas Indian Fighter and Confederate Soldier (Hillsboro, Texas: Hill Junior Colleg­e Press, 1971)


Thompson, Jerry D.: Henry Hopkins Sibley: Confederate General of the West (1987, Reprint, College Station: Texas A&M Un­iversity Press, 1996)


Thompson, Richard S. (12th NJ): While My Country is in Danger (Edmonston Publishing, 1994)


Thompson, Wesley S.: The Free State of Winston. A History of Winston County, Alabama (Winfield, Ala.: Pareil Press, 1968)


Thornbrough, Emma Lou: Indiana in the Civil War (Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society, 1995)


Thorndike, Rachel Sherman (ed): The Sherman Letters; Correspondence Between General Sherman and Senator Sherman, 1837-1891 (New York, 1894; Reprint: New York, AMC Press, 1971)


Thornton, J. Melvin: "The escape of Melvin Thornton from Camp Butler, Illinois"; in Alabama Historical Quarterly, XXIII (1961), pp.220-230. An autobiographical account by a sergeant in Co. D (the Talladega Rifles) of the 1st Infantry, who along with others in his regiment was made a prisoner of war on 8.4.1862 (J. *Milville *Thornton)


Thorne, Mildred (ed.): "The Civil War Diary of C. F. Boyd, Fifteenth Iowa Infantry." Iowa Journal of History. Vol L (1952)


Thornton, J. Mills: Politics and Power in a Slave Society: Alabama 1806-1860 (Taschenbuchausgabe Louisiana State University Press: new edition 1981) (ursprüngliche PhD. dissertation, Yale University, 1974: hierzu schreibt Holt: The Political Crisis, a.a.O., S. 263: „brilliant dissertation … finest study of antebellum politics in a southern state ...“; bei Kruman: Parties and Politics in North Carolina, a.a.O., S. 286 heißt es: “Thornton's contention [was] that the goal of antebellum Alabama politics was the preservation of the freedom and equality of white Alabamians […] Thornton's study enabled me to make more effective comparisons between the upper and lower south“)


Threatte, Bernard Barton: „The Public Life of Robert Hatton (1855-1862)“ (M.A. Thesis, Vanderbilt University, 1931)


Tidwell, William A.: April 65 - Confederate Covert Action in the American Civil War, The Kent State University Press (Kent, Ohio & London, England, 1995)


Tidwell, William A.; Hall, James O. and Gaddy, David Winfred: Come Retribution. The Confederate Secret Service and the Assassi­nation of Lincoln (Jackson, Miss.: University Press of Mississippi, 1988, 3. Auflage 2001)


Tiling, Moritz Philipp: History of the German Element in Texas from 1820-1850, and Historical Sketches of the German Texas Sin­gers' League and Houston Turnverein From (Houston 1913; reprint 2010) )


Tilley, John Shipley: Lincoln takes Command (Chapel Hill, 1941)


Time Life Books, Reihe "Voices of the Civil War": Gettysburg


Tischler, Allan L: The History of the Harper‘s Ferry Expedition, September 14 & 15, 1862 (Five Cedars Press, 1993); 345 pp; Map­ped Endpapers; Photos; Fold-Out Maps; Index; Biblio; Notes; Appendices. Detail of cavalry actions at Harpers Ferry between Cole's Cavalry (1st Maryland), 12th Virginia Cavalry, Loudoun Rangers, 7th Rhode Island Cavalry, 12th Illinois Cavalry, 8th New York Ca­valry


Tobie, Edward P.: History of the First Maine Cavalry 1861-1865 (Boston, 1887)


Todd, George T.: First Texas Regiment (Texian Press, Waco, Tx., 1963)


Todd, Glenda M.: First Alabama Cavalry, USA: Hommage to Patriotism (Heritage Books, 2003)


Todd, William (ed.): History of the Ninth Regiment, N.Y.S.M., N.G..S.N.Y. (83rd New York Volunteers), 1845-1888 (New York: George Hussey, 1889)


Todd, William: The Seventy-ninth Highlanders New York volunteer in the War of the Rebellion (Albany: 1886)


Toombs, Samuel: New Jersey Troops in the Gettysburg Campaign from June 5 to July 31 (Orange, New Jersey: Evening Mail Publish­ing House, 1888); 406 pp; over 60 illustrations, including maps (one fold-out). Nevins says: "Sgt Toombs relied completely on printed sources for this tribute to Jerseyans at Gettysburg; over sixty illustrations are included."


Tourgee, Albion W. (Lt, 105th Ohio Infantry): A Fools Errand By One of the Fools (Fords, Howard & Hulbert - N.Y. 1880)


Tourgee, Albion W.(Lt, 105th Ohio Infantry): Bricks Without Straw (Fords, Howard, Hulbert - N.Y. 1880


Tourgee, Albion W. (Lt, 105th Ohio Infantry): The Story of a Thousand: beeing a History of the Service of the 105th Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Buffalo, 1896)


Towers, Frank: "Mobtown's Impact on the Study of Urban Politics in the Early Republic.". Maryland Historical Magazine 107 (Winter 2012) pp: 469-75


Townsend, George A.: Major General Alfred Archimedes Torbert: Delaware's Most famous Civil War Hero (Bowie: Heritage Books, 1993


Townsend, George Alfred: „The General Torbert Memorial“; Army and Navy Journal 18 (13.11.1883), p. 287-298


Townsend, Luther: History of the Sixteenth New Hampshire Volunteers (Washington, DC 1897); Nevins says "Written from the adjut­ant's viewpoint, this full history of a year's duty in Louisiana also contains twoscore sketches and drawings"


Trask, Benjamin H.: 16th Virginia Infantry (H. E. Howard, 1986); 2nd Edition, 128pp, Maps, Photos, Detailed Rosters


Trask, Benjamin H.: 61st Virginia Infantry (H. E. Howard, 1988); Maps, Photos, Detailed Rosters


Trask, Kerry A.: Fire Within: A Civil War Narrative from Wisconsin (Kent, OH, 1995)


Treichler, Don: Crimson Fields: Civil War Biography of Captain James Madison Treichler (2nd edition 2011)


Tremain, H. Edwin: In Memoriam Major General Joseph Hooker (Cincinnati/OH, 1881)


Tremain, Henry E.: Two Days of War: A Gettysburg Narrative and Other Excursions (New York: Bonnell. Silver & Bowers, 1905) (Anm.: Tremain's memoirs are obviously biased towards Sickles and against Meade [Hessler: Sickles at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 422n8])


Tremain, Henry Edwin: Sectionalism Unmasked (1907)


Trimble, Isaac R.: Civil War Diary of General Isaac Ridgeway Trimble", Maryland Historical Magazine 17 (1922)


Trimble, Isaac: „The Battle and Campaign of Gettysburg.“ Southern Historical Society Papers 26 (1898): 116-28


Trimble, Isaac: „The Campaign and Battle of Gettysburg.“ Confederate Veteran 25 (1917): 209-13


Trimble, Tony: „Harrison - Spying for Longstreet at Gettysburg“; Gettysburg Magazine Nr. 17


Tripp, Richard Lee: „Cavalry Reconnaissance in the Army of Northern Virginia: J. E. B. Stuart’s Cavalry, 1861-64, M. A. thesis, Duke University, 1967


Trout, Robert J.: With Pen and Saber: The Letters and Diaries of J.E.B. Stuart's Staff Officers (Mechanicsburg, PA: Thomas Publications, 1998)


Trout, Robert J. (ed.): In the Saddle With Stuart: The Story of Frank Smith Robertson of Jeb Stuart's Staff (Gettysburg, PA: Thomas Publications, 1998)


Trowbridge, Silas Thompson (Surgeon/Major 8th Illinois Infantry): Autobiography of Silas Thompson Trowbridge M.D. Late Surgeon of the 8. Reg. Ill. Vol. Inf.; Surgeon in Chief of the 3. Division 17. Army Corps; President of the Illinois State Medical Society; U.S. Consul at Veracruz. . . . Vera Cruz, Mexico, 1872.


Trudeau, Noah Andre: Gettysburg. A Testing Courage (Taschenbuchausgabe 2003)


Trudeau, Noah Andre: The Last Citadel: Petersburg, , June 1864-April 1865 (Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1994)


Trudeau, Noah Andre: Out of the Storm. The End of the Civil War, April - June 1865 (Boston: New York: Little, Brown and Company, 1994)


Trudeau, Noah Andre: Southern Storm: Sherman's March to the Sea (New York: Harper Collins, 2008)


Trulock, Alice Rains: In the Hands of Providence: Josua L. Chamberlain and the American Civil War (Chapel Hill and London: Uni­versity of North Carolina Press, 1992)


Trumbull, Henry Clay (Chaplain, 10th Connecticut Infantry): War Memoirs of a Chaplain (New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1898); 421 pp; Illustrated. Ne­vins cites this as "A basic source on the labors of Army Chaplains"


Tsouras, Peter G.: Gettysburg. An Alternative History (London 1997)


Tucker, A. W.: „Orange Blossoms – Service of the 124th New York at Gettysburg,“ national Tribune, January 21, 1886


Tucker, Glenn: Chickamauga – Bloody Battle in the West (New York 1961)


Tucker, Glenn: Hancock the Superb (Indianapolis / Indiana, 1960)


Tucker, John S. (Pvt 5th Alabama Infantry): „The Diary of John S. Tucker: Confederate Soldier from Alabama,“ ed. Gary Wilson, Alabama Historical Quarterly 43:1 (Spring, 1981)


Tunnard, W. H. A.: A Southern Record. The History of the Third Regiment Louisiana Infantry (Baton Rouge, 1866; Reprint Dayton, Ohio: Morningside Bookshop, 1970)


Turner, Thomas R.: Beware the People Weeping: Public Opinion and the Assassination of President Lincoln (Baton Rouge: Louisia­na State University Press, 1982): Turner, stellt Hanchett folgend, aufgrund neuerer Forschungen dar, daß die Ermordung Lincoln's das Ergebnis einer CS-Operation zur Geiselnahme Lincoln's war.


Tyler, Mason Whiting (37th Massachusetts): Recollections of the Civil War, with many original Diary entries and Letters written from the Seat of War and with annotated References (Putnam's Sons, 1912); 379 pp


Tyrell, Ian R.: „Drink and Temperance in the Antebellum south: An Overview and Interpretation,“ Journal of Southern History 48 (Nov. 1982): 482-510, esp. 497-501.








Litera U



Underwood, Albert: Civil War Diary (1.1.1864-11.1.1865) +++ergänzen+++


Underwood, George C. (2ndLt; Co. G, 26th Regiment North Carolina Infantry): „The Twenty-Sixth Regiment“. Histories of Several Regiments and Battalions From North Carolina in the Great War, 1861-65. Vols 2. Edited by Walter Clark. Goldsboro, N.C.: Nash Brothers, 1901


Underwood, George C. (2ndLt; Co. G, 26th Regiment North Carolina Infantry), Walter Clark, and Jeffrey L. Halsey. Regimental History of the 26th North Carolina Infantry: Including a Regimental Roster, Contemporary Photographs, Battle Maps and Summaries. Sparta, N.C.: Star Route Books, 2011. "Text is from Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina, in the Great War 1861-'65 edited by Walter Clark...originally published by the State of North Carolina in 1901."


Underwood, Larry: The Butternut Guerillas: A Story of Grierson's Raid (Lincoln / NE: Dageforde Publishing, 1994)


Underwood, Rodman L.: Death on the Nueces: German Texans


Upson, Theodore (Pvt 100th Indiana Infantry): With Sherman to the Sea: The Civil War Letters, Diaries & Reminiscenses of Theodore F. Upson (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1943)


Ural, Susan­nah J. (ed.): Civil War Citizens: Race, Ethnicity, and Identity in America's Bloodiest Contest (New York University Press, N.Y., 2010)


Urban, Chester Stanley: "New Orleans and the Cuban Question during the Lopez Expedition of 1849-1851. A Study in 'Manifest Destiny'; in: Louisiana Historical Quarterly, 22 (1939); S. 11-25


Urban, John W.: Battle Field and Prison Pen (Philadelphia: Hubbard Bros., 1882)





Litera V


Vaill, Dudley L.: The Country Regiment: A Sketch of the Second Regiment of Connecticut Volunteer Heavy Artillery, originally the Nineteenth Volunteer Infantry, in the Civil War (Litchfield 1908); 108 pp; Photos - Organized in 1863 from the 19th Infantry, this unit served in Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Washington, Winchester, New Market, Cedar Creek and Appomattox


Vale, Joseph G.: Minty and the Cavalry. A History of Cavalry Campaigns in the Western Armies (Harrisburg, PA., 1886) PDF-Version available


Valentine, Scott: „Dark Memories After Antietam“; in: Military Images, Winter 2016, p.53-55: “Soldier’s Heart” was one term used in the 19th century to describe a mental health condition known today as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, or PTSD. Other terms were used by physicians, families and comrades as well, to define the changes that occurred to a man as a result of his Civil War experi­ence, including “Melancholia,” “Nostalgia” and “Homesickness.” One man afflicted was Bernard F. Blakeslee of the 16th Connecti­cut Infantry. The horrors of Antietam and other wartime experiences left numerous physical injuries that healed over time, and a psy­chological injury from which he never recovered.


Valuska, David L. and Christian B. Keller: Damn Dutch: Pennsylvania Germans at Gettysburg (Mechanicsburg 2004)


Van Deusen, Glyndon G.: William Henry Seward (New York: Oxford University Press, 1967)


Vandiver, Frank E.: Jubal's Raid. General Early's Famous Attack on Washington in 1864 (Lincoln: University of Nebrasca Press, 1960)


Vanderslice, Catherine H. (ed.): The Civil War Letters of George Washington Beidelman (New York, 1978)


Vanderslice, John M.: Gettysburg: Then and Now (New York: Dillingham, 1899)


Vandiver, Frank E.: Rebel Brass. The Confederate Command System (Baton Rouge, 1956, 1984)


Vandiver, Frank E: Mighty Stonewall (New York, 1957, reprint 1988)


Vandiver, Frank E.: 1001 Things Everyone Should Know About th Civil War (New York 1999)


Vandiver, Frank E.: Ploughshares into Swords: Josiah Gorgas and Confederate Ordnance (University of Texas Press 1952, 1994)


Vandiver, Frank E. (ed.): The Civil War Diary of General Josiah Gorgas (University of Alabama, 1947)


Vandiver, Frank E. and Jon E. Wakelyn: Biographical Register of the Confederacy (Westport/Conn., 1977)


Van Horn, Thomas, B.: History of the Army of the Cumberland (Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co., 1875)


Van Tyll, Debra Reddin: Journalism in the Fallen Confederacy (Palgrave Pilot, 2015)


Vaughan, Alfred J.: Personal History of the Thirteenth Regiment Tennessee Infantry, by its old Commander (McClain Printing, 1975, Reprint of 1897)


Vaughan, Turner: "Diary of Turner Vaughan, Co. 'C,' 4th Alabama regiment, C.S.A., commenced March 4th, 1863, and ending February 12th, 1864," in Alabama Historical Quarterly, XVIII (1956), 573-604


Vautier, John D.: History of the Eighty-Eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865 (Philadelphia: J. B. Lip­pincott Co., 1894)


Venable, Charles S.: „Letter, Venable to Longstreet, 11 May 1875,“ in: „Supplement to General Early's Review, Reply to General Longstreet.“ Southern Historical Society Papers 4 (1877): 282-302


Venner, William Thomas: The 19th Indiana Infantry at Gettysburg +++ergänzen+++


Vetter, Charles Edmund: Sherman, Merchant of Terror, Advocate of Peace (Gretna / Louisiana: Pelican Publishing Co., 1992)


Vifquain, Victor: The 1862 Plot to Kidnap Jefferson David (Mechanicsburg / Penn: Stackpole 1998); edited by Jeffrey H. Smith and Philipp Thomas Tucker


Vinovskis, Maris A.: „Have Social Historians Lost the Civil War? Some Preliminary Demographic Speculations,“ Journal of American History 78 (1989): 34-58


Vipond, Sharon Eggleston: "A new Kind of Murder," The Iron Brigade in the Wilderness; in: Nolan/Vipond: "Giants in their tall Black Hats", a.a.O., S. 113-141


Von Deusen, Glyndon G.: William Henry Seward +++ergänzen+++






Litera W


Wadsworth, Mike: The 13th South Carolina Volunteer Infantry, C.S.A. (Wilmington, NC: Broadfoot Publishing, 2008)


Wagner, Arthur L.: The Service of Security and Information (Washington, DC: James J. Chapman, 1893)


Wainwright, R. P. P.: „The First Regiment of Cavalry“; in: *Rodenbough, Theophilus F. and Haskin, William L. (eds.): The Army of the United States: Historical Sketches of Staff and Line ... (New York, 1896), S. 153-57


Waite, Otis F.R.: New Hampshire in the Great Rebellion Containing Histories of the Several New Hampshire Regiments and Biographical Notices of Many of the Prominent Actors in the Civil War of 1861-65 (Claremont 1870), PDF available


Waite, Otis F.R. : Vermont in the Great Rebellion. Historical and Biographical Sketches, etc. (Claremont, N. H. 1869), PDF available


Waitt, Ernest Linden (Comp.): History of the Nineteenth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry (Salem/Mass., 1906)


Wakeman, Sarah Rosetta (153rd NY Vols): An Uncommon Soldier: The Civil War Letters of Sarah Rosetta Wakeman, alias Lyons Wakeman, 153rd New State Volunteers, 1862-1864 (Minerva Center, 1994; 1st Edition)


Walcott, Charles: "The Battle of Chantilly," The Virginia Campaign of 1862 under General Pope, ed. Theodore F. Dwight, Papers of the Military Historical Society of Massachusetts, II (Boston, 1895)


Walcott, Charles E. (Capt, 21st Mass): History of the Twentyfirst Massachusetts Volunteers in the War for the Preservation of the Union 1861-1865 (Boston 1882, 1st Edition)


Walker, Aldace Freeman: The Vermont Brigade in the Shenandoah Valley (Free Press Association, Burlington/Vt., 1869; reprint)


Walker, Francis A. Walker (BrigGen USV): History of the Second Army Corps in the Army of the Potomac (New York, NY, 1886)


Walker, Mack: Germany and the Emigration, 1816-1865 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1964)


Walker, William C. History of the 18th Regiment Connecticut Volunteers in the War for the Union. Norwich, Connecticut: no publis­her given, 1885.


Walkly, Stephen. History of the Seventh Connecticut Volunteer Infantry, 1861–1865. No publisher, 1905.


Wall, H. C. (Captain 23rd NC Infantry): Historical Sketch of the Pee Dee Guards (Olde Soldier Books)


Wallace, Frederick Stephen: The Sixty-first Ohio Volunteers, 1861-1865.  Marysville, Oh.: published privately, 1902.


Wallace, Lee A. Jr.: Surry Light Artillery and Martin’s, Wright’s, Coffin’s Batteries of Virginia Artillery (H. E. Howard, 1995


Wallace, Lee A. Jr.: 17th Virginia Infantry (H. E. Howard, 1990); 1st Edition, 154 pp, Maps, Photos, Detailed Rosters, Bibliography


Wallace, Lee A. Jr.: 3rd Virginia Infantry (H. E. Howard, 1986, Revised 2nd Edition), 126 pp, Maps, Photos, Detailed Rosters, Bibliography. The 3rd Virginia fought with Colston's, Pryor's, Kemper's and Terry's Brigades, and fought from Williamsburg to Gettysburg, serving at Plymouth, Drewry's Bluff, Cold Harbor, Petersburg and Appomattox


Wallace, Lew: The Capture of Fort Donelson; in Battles and Leaders, Vol. I, S. 398-428


Wallace, Lew: An Autobiography (2 vols, Harper and Brothers: New York, 1906)


Wallace, Michael: „Changing Concepts of Party in the United States, 1815-1828,“ American Historical Review, 74 (1968), 453-491


Wallace, William M.: Soul of the Lion: A Biography of Josua L. Chamberlain (New York: Nelson, 1960)


Ward, Joseph R. C.: History of the One Hundred and Sixth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers (Philadelphia: Grant, Faries & Rod­gers, 1883)


Ward, William C.: "Incidents and Personal Experiences on The Battlefield at Gettysburg." in: Confederate Veteran, Vol. 8, no. 8 (Au­gust 1900)


Ware, Eugene Fitch: The Lyon Campaign in Missouri, Being a History of the First Iowa Infantry (Topeca, Kansas, 1907; Reprint Iowa City: Press of the Camp Pope Bookshop, 1991); Eugene Fitch Ware war Private im 1st Iowa Infantry); one of the 3 month re­giments, the 1st Iowa fought in Missouri, distinguishing itself at Wilson's Creek. They were nicknamed the "Iowa Greyhounds" for their long marches. Ware went on to become a Sergeant Major and finally Captain in the 7th Iowa Cavalry


Warfield, Edgar (Pvt, 17th Virginia Infantry): Manassas to Appomattox (Howell Press); 216 pp, Photos, Index. Memoirs of Edgar Warfield was a drug store clerk at the start of the war and marched off to fight in almost all the engagements of the 17th Virginia Infantry


Warner, Ezra R.: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959)


Warner, Ezra J. (ed): Generals in Blue, Lives of the Union Commanders (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1964)


Warner, Ezra J. and W. Buck Yearns: Biografical Register of the Confederate Congress (Baton Rouge, 1975)


Warren, Richard: "Ben McCulloch," in: Nunn, William C.: Ten More Texans in Gray (Hillsborough, Texas., 1980)


Watkins, Sam R.: Co. Aytch. A Confederate Memoir of the Civil War (New 1962; reprint Taschenbuchausgabe Touchstone: New York, 1997)


Watrous, J[erome] A.: "Richard Epps and Other Stories," Milwaukee, 1906


Watson, Harry L.: Jacksonian Politics and Community Conflict: The Emergence of the Second American Party System in Cumberland County, North Carolina (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1981)


Watson, William: Life in the Confederate Army (New York 1888; Reprint Time Life, NY 1983); Nevins says of this " excellent commentary on Southern military life."


Waugh, John C.: The Class of 1846. From West Point to Appomattox: Stonewall Jackson, George McClellan and their Brothers (Ballantine Books: New York, 1194)


Weaver, Andrew: Haskell of Gettysburg +++ergänzen+++


Weaver, Augustus C.: Third Indiana Cavalry (Greenwood, 1919)


Weaver, C. P. (ed.): Thank God my Regiment is an African One: The Civil War Diary of Colonel Nathan W. Daniels (Louisiana State University Press, 1998; Taschenbuchausgabe 2000)


Weaver, Jeffrey C.: The Civil War in Buchanan and Wise Counties: Bushwackers' Paradise (H. E. Howard Inc. Lynchburg/Va, 1995)


Weber, Thomas: Northern Railroads in the Civil War 1861-1865, Indiana University Press, 336 pp, Reprint of 1952


Webster, Dan and Don C. Cameron: History of the First Wisconsin Battery of Light Artillery (Washington, 1907)


Weigley, Russell F.: Quartermaster General of the Union Army. A Biography of M. C. Meigs (New York: Columbia University Press, 1959)


Weigley, Russell F.: „John Buford: A Personality Profile.“ Civil War Times Illustrated 5 (June 1966): 14-23


Weitz, Mark A.: A Heigher Duty: Desertion among Georgia Troops during the Civil War (Univ Nebraska Press)


Weland, Gerald: O. O. Howard, Union General (McFarland Publishing Inc., 1995); 195 pp; Photos; Bibliography; Notes, Index


Welch, Spencer Glasgow (Surgeon, 13th North Carolina Infantry): A Confederate Surgeon's Letters to his Wife (Jim Fox; Reprint of 1911 Scarce Origi­nal); 127 pp; Anm.: die Briefe sind bez. der Gettysburg Campaign auch veröffentlicht bei *Brooks, Ulysses Robert;: Stories of the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 35 ff.


Welcher, Frank and Larry G. Ligget: Coburn’s Brigade: 85th Indiana, 33rd Indiana, 19th Michigan, and 22nd Wisconsin in the Civil War (Carmel, Ind.: Guild Press of Indiana, 1999)


Weld, Stephen Minot: War Diary and Letters of Stephen Minot Weld, 1861-1865 (Riverside Press, Cambridge, MA, 1913; Reprint 1979 by the Massachusetts Historical Society).


Weller, Jac: The Confederate Use of British Cannon, Civil War History III (June, 1957), S. 150-151


Weller, Jac: 'Shooting Confederate Infantry Arms', in: The American Rifleman, April, May and June 1954


Weller, John H.: "The Fourth Kentucky," Southern Bivouac I (May-June, 1883), S. 346-47


Welles, Gideon: The Diary of Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy under Johnson. 3 vols (Boston, New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1909-1911)


Wells, Tom Henderson: The Slave Ship Wanderer, Athens, Ga., 1967


Wenner, John: „Military Intelligence: The Civil War Provost Guard“; in:, article from 13.10.2018; accessed 14.12.2018


Werstein, Irving: Kearny the Magnificant: The Story of General Philip Kearny, 1815-1862 (John Day, New York 1962)


Wert, Jeffry D.: Mosby's Rangers (New York 1990)


Wert, Jeffry D.: General James Longstreet. The Confederacy's most Controversial Soldier (New York 1993)


Wert, Jeffry D.: The Sword of Lincoln. The Army of the Potomac (New York 2005)


Wert, Jeffry D.: Gettysburg Day Tree (New York 2001)


Wert, Jeffry D.: "No Fifteen Thousand Men can take that position". Longstreet at Gettysburg; in: DiNardo, R. L. and Albert A. Nofi (ed.): James Longstreet, The Man, the Soldier, the Controversy (Combined Publishing: Conshohocken/PA, 1998), S. 77-98


Wert, Jeffry D.: A Brotherhood of Valor. The Common Soldiers of the Stonewall Brigade, C.S.A. and the Iron Brigade, U.S.A (New York 1999)


West, J. Gilmore (28th New Jersey): The Diary of a Soldier (Longstreet House);


West, John C. (Pvt, Co. E, 4th Texas Infantry): A Texan in Search of a Fight (Waco: Press of J. S. Hill & Company, 1901)


West, Richard S. jr: Gideon Welles. Lincoln's Navy Department (New York: Bobbs Merril Co., 1943)


Westervelt, William B. (27th and 17th NY): Lights and Shadows of Army Life: From Bull Run to Bentonville (White Mane, 1997; Reprint der Originalausgabe von 1886); edited by George Maharay; 273 pp, Index, Photos, Illustrations, Maps, Biblio


Westwood, Howard C.: Black Troops, White Commanders, and Freedmen During the Civil War (Carbondale, Ill., 1992)


Westwood, Howard C.: Benjamin Butler's Enlistment of Black Troops in New Orleans in 1862; Louisiana History, XXVI (Winter 1985)


Weygant, Charles H. (Captain; Co. A, 124th Regiment New York Infantry): History of the 124th Regiment N.Y.S.V. (Newburg 1877); First Edition, 460 pages. 124th New York Infantry with steel-engraved frontis of Colonel Ellis; Folding Table of Gettysburg Battle-line 2nd Day


Weygant, Charles H. (Captain; Co. A, 124th Regiment New York Infantry): „What They Did Here.“ New York Monuments Commission for the Battlefields of Gettysburg and Chattanooga. Final Report for the Battlefield of Gettysburg. Vol. 2 (Albany, New York: J. B. Lyon, 1902)


Wheelan, Joseph: Their Last Full Measure. The Final Days of the Civil War (Boston: Da Capo Press, 2015)


Wheelan, Joseph: Libby Prison Breakout:The Daring Escape from the Notorious Civil War Prison (New York: Public Affairs, 2010)


Wheelan, Joseph: Bloody Spring: Forty Days That Sealed the Confederacy's Fate (Boston: Da Capo Press, 2014)


Wheelan, Joseph: Terrible Swift Sword: The Life of General Philip A. Sheridan (Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press, 2012)


Wheeler, David F.: Witness to Gettysburg (New York: Harper, 1987)


Wheeler, William (Captain; 13th Independent Battery, New York Light Artillery): Letters of William Wheeler of the Class of 1855 (Cambridge, 1975)


White, Laura A.: "Robert Barnwell Rhett, Father of Secession (Century, 1931)


White, Patrick H. (Captain; Chicago Mercantile Battery, Illinois Light Artillery; 1stLt, Co. B, 1st Regiment Illinois Light Artillery): „Civil War Diary of Patrick H. White,“ Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 15 (October 1922 – January 1923), p. 640-663


White, William S. (Reverend; aus Lexington / Va.): Sketches of the Life of Captain Hugh A. White of the Stonewall Brigade (Columbia, SC.: Columbia Steam Press, 1864)


White, William T. (Pvt; Co. K, 1st Regiment Texas Infantry): „First Texas at Gettysburg.“ Confederate Veteran, vol. 30, no. 5 (May 1922)


White, Wyman S. (1st Sgt, 2nd U.S. Sharpshooters): The Civil War Diary of Wyman S. White (Butternut and Blue, 1992)


Whitford, William Clarke: Colorado Volunteers in the Civil War: The New Mexico Campaign in 1862 (1906, Reprint, Glorieta, New Mex.: Rio Grande Press, 1971); 159 pages. Illustrated with Portraits, Photos, Maps


Whitman, George Washington (51st NY Vols): Civil War Letters of George Washington Whitman (Duke University, 1975)


Whitman, William E. S. and Charles H. True: Maine in the War for the Union : A History (Lewistown, Me.: Nelson Dingley 1865)


Wickham, W. S. (Captain, 55th Ohio Infantry): „Recollections of Chancellorsville“; in: Osborn: Trials and Triumphs. The Record of the Fifty-Fifth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, a.a.O., S. 75 ff.


Wightman, Edward King: From Antietam to Fort Fisher: The Civil War Letters of Edward King Wightman, 1862-1864, ed. Edward. G. Longacre (Rutherford, N.J.: Farleigh Dickinson University Press, 1985)


Wiley, Bell Irvin: The Life of Billy Yank +++ergänzen+++


Wiley, Bell Irvin: The Life of Johnny Reb (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1943, Renewed 1970, 1971, 1978)


Wilkeson, Frank: Recollections of a Private Soldier in the Army of the Potomac (New York 1887)


Wilkie, Franc B. (1st Iowa Infantry and Battle of Wilson's Creek'): Pen and Powder (Boston: Ticknor & Co., 1885)


Williams, Alpheus F.: From the Cannon's Mouth, the Civil War Letters of General Alpheus S. Williams; edited by Quaife, Milo M. (Detroit: Wayne State Un­iversity Press, 1959)


Williams, George W.: A History of the Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865 (New York, 1888)


Williams, Hiram Smith: This War so Horrible - The Civil War Diary of Hiram Smith Williams (40th Alabama Infantry), edited by Le­wis N. Wynne and Robert A. Taylor (Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press, 1993)


Williams, T. Harry: Lincoln and his Generals +++ergänzen+++


Williams, T. Harry: „The Military Leadership of North and South“; in: Donald, David H. (ed.):Why the North Won the Civil War (Louisiana State University Press: Baton Rouge, 1960), pp. 23-47


Williams, T. Harry: McClellan, Sherman and Grant (New Brunswick, N. Y.: Rutgers University Press, 1962)


Williams, T. Harry (ed.): „The Reluctant Warrior: The Diary of N. K. Nichols, Civil War History 3 (1957): 36


Willett, Robert L.: The Lightning Mule Brigade. Abel Streight's 1863 Raid into Alabama (Carmel, Indiana: Guilt Press, 1999)


Williams, E. W. (ed.): With the Border Ruffians. Memories of the Far West, 1852-1868 by R. H. Williams (New York: E. P. Dutton and Co., 1907)


Williams, George W.: A History of the Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865 (New York, 1888)


Williams, T. Harry: P. G. T. Beauregard: Napoleon in Gray (Baton Rouge, 1954)


Williams, T. Harry: With Beauregard in Mexico: The Mexican War Reminiscenses of P. G. T. Beauregard (Baton Rouge, 1956)


Williams, J. C.: Life in Camp (Claremont, N. H., 1864)


Williamson, Chilton: American Suffrage: From Property to Democracy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1960)


Williamson, James J. (43rd VA Cavalry): Mosby’s Rangers: A Record of the Operations of the Forty-Third Battalion Virginia Cavalry (New York: Ralph B. Kenyon, Publisher, 1896; weitere Ausgabe New York: Sturgis & Walton Comp., 1909; Reprint Time Life Books 1982); 511 pp; Complete Rosters; Photos


Wills, Brain Steel: The Confederacy's Greatest Cavalryman Nathan Bedforst Forrest (University Press of Kansas: Lawrence, Kansas, 1996)


Wills, Charles Wright (Sergeant 8th Illinois Infantry, later LtCol 103rd Illinois Infantry): Army Life of an Illinois Soldier, Including a Day by Day Record of Sherman's Marsh to the Sea; Letters and Diary of the Late Charles W. Wills, Private and Sergeant 8th Illinois Infantry; Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant 7th Illinois Cavalry; Captain, Major and Lieutenant Colonel 103rd Illinois Infantry. Comp and pub. by his sister [Mary E. Kellog] (Washington / D.C.: Globe Printing Co, 1906; Reprint Univ Southern Illinois Press)


Wilson, Charles Reagan: Baptized in Blood: The Religion of the Lost Cause 1865-1920 (Athens, Ga., 1980)


Wilson, Clyde N.: James Johnston Pettigrew and his Men at Gettysburg (Reihe: Civil War Campaigns and Commanders)


Wilson, Ephraim A. (Captain, 10th Illinois Infantry): Memoirs of the War (Cleveland, 1893)


Wilson, Henry (US-Vice-President 1873-1875: History of the Rise and Fall of the Slave Power in America, 3 vols (Boston 1872-1877)


Wilson, James Grant: „General Halleck, a Memoir,“ Journal of the Military Service Institution 36 (1905), p. 537-559


Wilson, LeGrand James (Assistant Surgeon; Co. F&S, 42nd Regiment Mississippi Infantry): The Confederate Soldier. Edited by James W. Silver (Memphis: Memphis State University Press, n.d.)


Wilson, James Harrison (GenMaj): The Life of John A. Rawlins (New York, 1916)


Wilson, James Harrison (GenMaj): Heroes of the Great Conflict: Life and Services of William Farrar Smith, Major General, United States Volunteers in the Civil War (Wilmington/Delaware, 1904)


Wilson, Joseph T.: The Black Phalanx: A History of the Negro Soldiers of the United States Wars 1775-1812 and 1861-1865, 1890 (reprint New York, 1994)


Wilson, Mark R.: The Business of Civil War: Military Mobilization and the State, 1861-1865 (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006).


Winschel, Terrence J.: Triumph & Defeat - The Vicksburg Campaign; mit Vorwort von Edwin C. Bearss (Mason City / Iowa: Savas Publishing Company, 1999)


Winschel, Terrence J.: Vicksburg: The Fall of the Confederate Gibraltar


Winslow III, Richard E.: General John Sedgwick: The Story of a Union Corps Commander (Novato, CA, 1982)


Wisconsin, Adjutant General of the State of Wisconsin: Annual Reports of the Adjutant General of the State of Wisconsin for the Years 1860, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864 (Madison, Wis., 1912)


Wise, George (Ordnance Sergeant, Co. F&S, 17th Regiment Virginia Infantry): History of the Seventeenth Virginia Infantry, CSA (Baltimore: Kelly & Piet, 1870)


Wise, Jennings C.: The Long Arm of Lee, or, The History of the Artillery of the Army of Northern Virginia, With a Brief Account of the Confederate Bureau of Ordnance, 2 vols (1915; reprint ed., Richmond, Va.: Owens Publishing Company, 1988)


Wittenberg, Eric J.: The Battle of Brandy Station. North America's Largest Cavalry Battle (Charleston 2010)


Wittenberg, Eric J.: Little Phil. A Reassessment of the Civil War Leadership of Gen. Philip H. Sheridan (Washington 2002)


Wittenberg, Eric J.: Protecting the Flank: The Battle of Brinkershoff's Ridge and East Cavalry Field, Battle of Gettysburg


Wittenberg, Eric J.: „John Buford and the Gettysburg Campaign.“ Gettysburg Magazine : Articles of Lasting Historical Interest, No. 11 (July 1994): 19-55


Wittenberg, Eric J.: „An Analysis of the Buford Manuscripts“, Gettysburg Magazine: Articles of Lasting Historical Interest, No. 15 (July 1996): 7-24


Wittenberg, Eric J.: „And Everything is Lovely and the Goose Hangs High: John Buford and the Hanging of Confederate Spies Du­ring the Gettysburg Campaign,“ Gettysburg Magazine: Articles of Lasting Historical Interest, No. 18 (January 1998): 5-14


Wittenberg, Eric J.: „The Truth About the Withdrawal of Brig. Gen. John Buford's Cavalry, July 2, 1863.“ Gettysburg Magazine 37 (July 2007): 71-82


Wittenberg, Eric J.: „John Buford and the Gettysburg Campaign.“ Gettysburg Magazine : Articles of Lasting Historical Interest, No. 11 (July 1994): 19-55


Wittenberg, Eric J. and Scott I. Mingus Sr.: The Second Battle of Winchester: The Confederate Victory That Opened the Door to Get­tysburg (El Dorado Hills, Ca, 2015)


Wittenberg, Eric J. and J. David Petruzzi: Plenty of Blame to Go Around: Jeb Stuart's Controversial ride to Gettysburg (El Dorado Hills, CA, 2011)


Wittenberg, Eric J.: „The Fighting Professor: Josua Lawrence Chamberlain,“ Civil War, 10 (July-Aug. 1992): 8-14


Wittenberg, Eric J.: Rush's Lancers: The Sixth Pennsylvania Cavalry in the Civil War (Westholme Publishing 2007)


Wittenberg, Eric J.: „Merritt's Regulars on South Cavalry Field: Oh What Could Have Been.“ Gettysburg Magazine, no. 16. Dayton/Ohio: Morningside House, Inc., January 1997)


Wittenberg, Eric J.: The Union Cavalry Comes of Age (Washington, DC: 2003)


Wittenberg, Eric J.:Under Custer's Command: The Civil War Journal of James Henry Avery (Washington, DC, 2000).


Wood, James H. (Captain Co. "D", 37th Virginia Infantry Regiment): "The War - 'Stonewall' Jackson, His Campaigns and Battles. The Regiment as I saw Them." (Cumberland, Md.: Eddy Press Corporation, 1910)


Wood, W. J.: Civil War Generalship: The Art of Command (Erstausgabe Westport / Ct.: Greenwood Press, 1997; First Da Capo Press Edition 2000)


Wood, W. J.: "Nathaniel Banks and the Advance to Cedar Mountain", in: Wood: Civil War Generalship, a.a.O., S. 43 ff


Wood, William Nathaniel (2nd Lt, 19th Virginia): Reminiscenses of Big I (Broadfoot Publishing, Reprint of 1956 original); 138 pp, Index, Photos, Roster


Woodbury, Augustus: A Narrative of the Campaign of the First Rhode Island, in the Spring and Summer of 1861 (Providence, R. I.: Sidney S. Rider, 1862)


Woodcock, Marcus (9th Kentucky Infantry): A Southern Boy in Blue (Univ Tennessee Press); 1st edition; 376 pp; Illustrated; Edited by Kenneth W. Noe; Woodcock served in the 9th Kentucky Union Infantry


Woodhead, Henry (ed.): Antietam: Voices of the Civil War (Time-Life-Books)


Woodruff, George H. (Pvt, 169th New York Infantry): Fifteen Years Ago: or, the Patriotism of Will County (Joliet, 1876)


Woods, Earl C. (ed.): The Shiloh Dairy of Edmond Emoul Livaudais (Pvt; Orleans Guard Battalion) (New Orleans, 1992)


Woods, James: „Humphreys' Division's Flank March to Little Round Top,“ The Gettysburg Magazine, Issue No. 6, Jan. 1992


Woods, James: „Defending Watson's Battery,“ The Gettysburg Magazine, Issue No. 9, July 1993


Woods, James M.: Rebellion & Realignment: Arkansas's Road to Secession (Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1987)


Woodward, C. Vann und Elizabeth Muhlenfeld (eds.): The Private Mary Chestnut: The Unpublished Civil War Diaries (New York, 1984)


Woodward, Evan Morrison (Major 2nd PA Reserve Vols): Our Campaigns: The Second Regiment Pennsylvania Reserve Volunteers (White Mane, 1995); Reprint of 1865 original; Edited by Stanley Zamonski


Woodward, Evan Morrison: History of the Third Pennsylvania Reserve (Treton, NJ: 1883)


Woodworth, Steven E.: Jefferson Davis and his Generals - The Failure of Confederate Command in the West (Lawrence / Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 1990)


Woodworth, Steven E. (ed.): The American Civil War: A Handbook of Literature and Research (Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1996)


Wooster, Ralph A.: Politicians, Planters, and Plain Folk: Courthouse and Statehouse in the Upper South, 1850-1860 (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1975)


Worley, Ted R. (ed.): The War Memoirs of Captain John W. Lavender, CSA (Pine Bluff, Arkansas 1956)


Worsham, John H.: "One of Jackson's Foot Cavalry: His Experience and what he saw during the War 1861-1865 (New York: Neale Publishing Company, 1912; Reprint Bantam Books 1992)


Worthington, Thomas: Court Martial Proceedings (National Archives, Washington D.C., August 1862)


Worthington, Thomas: Brief History of the 46th Ohio Volunteers (Washington DC, 1878)


Worthington, Thomas: Report of the Flank March to Join on McClernand's Right, at 9 A.M. etc. (Washington DC, 1880)


Wren, James (Captain, 48th PA Vols): From New Bern to Fredericksburg (Shippensburg: White Mane, 1990); Edited by Michael Priest


Wright, Abraham. History of First Company Sharpshooters of Minnesota. Minneapolis, 1889.


Wright, Charles W.: A Corporal's Story: Experiences in the Ranks of Co C, 81st Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Philadelphia, 1887)


Wright, Henry H. (Sgt. 6th Iowa): A History of the Sixth Iowa Infantry (State Hist. Society, Iowa City 1923)


Wright, J. Leitch, jr.: Creeks ans Seminoles (1986)


Wright, Marcus J.: Arkansas in the War, 1861-1865 (Batesville, Ark., 1963)


Wright, Marcus J., Brigadier Gen., CSA: Tennessee in the War (Ambrose Lee Publishing, New York 1908)


Wright, Marcus J.: Texas in the War, 1861-1865 (edited by Harold Simpson [Hillsboro, 1965])


Wright, Marcus J.: comp. General Officers of the Confederate Army (New York, 1911)


Wright, James Wartin: The Free Negro in Maryland, 1634-1860 (1923)


Wubben, Hubert H.: Civil War Iowa and the Copperhead Movement (Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1980)


Wyatt, Lee T. III: "William S. Barry, Advocate of Secession, 1821-1868." Journal of Mississippi History, XXXIX (1977), S. 339-355


Wyatt-Brown, Bertram: Southern Honor: Ethics and Behavior in the Old South (New York: Oxford University Press, 1982)


Wyeth, John A. (Pvt; Co. I, 4th Regiment Alabama Cavalry (Russel's)): With Saber and Scalpel: The Autobiography of a Soldier and Surgeon (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1914)





Litera Y


Yearns, Wilfred Buck: The Confederate Congress (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1960)


Young, Bennet H.: Confederate Wizards in the Saddle (Boston, Mass., 1915, reprint Boston 1958)


Young, Jesse Bowman (Captain/Assistant Provost Marshall; 1861 4th Illinois Cavalry and 1862 Co. B 84th Pennsylvania Infantry): The Battle of Gettysburg: A Comprehensive Narrative (New York and London: Harper, 1913)


Young, Jesse Bowman (Captain/Assistant Provost Marshall; 1861 4th Illinois Cavalry and 1862 Co. B 84th Pennsylvania Infantry): The Battle of Gettysburg. The 84th Pennsylvania Infantry. Kallman Publishers, Reprint of 1913 First Editi­on


Young, Jesse Bowman (Captain/Assistant Provost Marshall; 1861 4th Illinois Cavalry and 1862 Co. B 84th Pennsylvania Infantry): What a Boy saw in the Army: A Story of Sight-Seeing and Adventure in the War for the Union, 1894


Youngblood, William (Pvt; Co. I 15th Alabama Infantry): Unwritten History of the Gettysburg Campaign; in: Southern Historical Society Papers, vol. 38 (Millwood, New York: Kraus Reprint Company, 1977), S. 312-318






Litera Z



Zaworski, Robert: Headstones of Heroes: The Restauration and History of Confederate Graves in Atlanta's Oakland Cemetery (Paducah, Ky.: Turner Publishing Co., 1997)


Zeitlin, Richard H.: In Peace and War. Union Veterans and Cultural Symbols - The Flags of the Iron Brigade; in: Nolan / Vipond, Gi­ants with their tall Black Hats, a.a.O., S. 160-178


Zucker, Adolf Edward: The Forty Eighters: Political Refugees of the German Revolution of 18489 (New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1950)







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