Version 25.7.2017

 

 

Litera D (Da-Dl)

 

 

Dabney, Robert Lewis:

CS-Major; graduiert in Theologie am Hampden-Sidney College der University of Virginia und am Union Theological Seminary (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 166); Vorkriegszeit Presbyterianischer Pfarrer; brillianter Theologe von nationaler Reputa­tion, ohne jede militärische Erfahrung (vgl. Tanner, a.a.O., S. 166); im Sommer 1861 kurze Zeit Chaplain eines Regiments (vgl. Tan­ner, a.a.O., S. 166). Anschließend erneut Theologe am Seminar; nachdem seine meisten Studenten sich dienstverpflichteten, suchte Dabney eine neue Aufgabe, die ihm daraufhin Stonewall Jackson anbot (vgl. Tanner, a.a.O., S. 166). Dabney war seit Ende April 1862 Jackson's Stabschef im Rang eines Majors und berichtete daher aus nächster Nähe (vgl. Piston: Lee's Tarnished Lieutenant, a.a.O., S. 99; Krick: Conquering the Valley, a.a.O., S. 1; Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 166). Dabney resigned im August 1862 (vgl. Krick, Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 360). Autor von "Life and Campaigns of Lieut.-Gen. Thomas J. Jackson" (New York: Blelock, 1866).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Dabney Papers: Extensive material collected by Jackson's principal assistant in the Valley Campaign, Robert L. Dabney including some correspondence to Jackson not cited elsewhere. Virginia State Library, Richmond Virginia (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 572)

- Dabney, Robert Lewis: Life and Campaigns of Lieut.-Gen. Thomas J. Jackson (Stonewall Jackson), New York: Blelock, 1866

- Johnson, Thomas C.: The Life and Letters of Robert Lewis Dabney (Richmond, 1903)

- Krick, Robert: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 139, 360, 415 n. 55

- McDonald, William: A History of the Laurel Brigade. Originally the Ashby Cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia and Chew's Battery (Maryland, 1907; Reprint John Hopkins University Press: Baltimore, Maryland, 2002); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik118, S. 34, 42-43, 61-62

- Piston, William Garrett: Lee's Tarnished Lieutenant. James Longstreet and His Place in Southern History (The University of Geor­gia Press: Athens and London, 1987); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik78/1, S. 99

- Robertson: Stonewall Brigade, a.a.O., S. 20

 

 

Dacier, Capt.:

CS-Capt (vgl. Chestnut, Diary, S. 50).

 

 

Dacus, Robert H.:

CS-Pvt, Co. 'H' 1st Arkansas Mounted Rifles (1st Arkansas Cavalry).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Dacus, Robert H. Reminiscences of Company "H," First Arkansas Mounted Rifles. [Dardanelle, Ark.: Post-Despatch Print, 1897]. Reprint ed., Dayton, Ohio: Morningside Bookshop, 1972.

 

 

Daeuble, John (D):

US-1st Sergeant; Co. E, , 6th Regiment Kentucky Infantry (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 11.6.2016, Mitteilung von Joseph R. Reinhart und Inschrift auf dem Grabstein auf dem Marietta National Cemetery, Cobb County/Georgia, Photo bei www.findagra­ve.com; Anm.: bei National Park Soldiers nicht genannt).

 

1st Sgt. John Daeuble was mortally wounded in the breast on May 27, 1864 in the Battle of Pickett's Mill, Georgia. He died the next day. He served in Company E of the 6th Kentucky Volunteer Infantry Regiment U.S. Company E and three other companies in this regiment comprised German-born men from Louisville. First Sergeant John Double was born at Muelheim am Bach in Württemberg, Germany; geb. 28.12.1839 Germany - † 28.5.1864 Pickett's Mill, Paulding County/Georgia (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 11.6.2016).

 

Photo:

- www.findagrave.com

 

Documents/Literature::

- Reinhart, Joseph R., ed. and trans.: Two Germans in the Civil War: The Diary of John Daeuble and the Letters of Gottfried Rentsch­ler, 6th Kentucky Volunteer Infantry (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2004)

 

 

Dahlgren, John A.:

US-Rear Admiral, 1861 Offizier im Washington Navy Yard. Lincoln lernte den damaligen Commander Dahlgren kurz nach Kriegs­ausbruch kennen, und besuchte ihn in der Folge öfter; Dahlgren's Einfluß auf den Präsidenten war in der Folge beträchtlich (vgl. An­derson, Bern: By Sea and River, a.a.O., S. 4)

 

Photo:

- Anderson: By Sea and by River, a.a.O., nach S. 96

 

Documents/Literature::

Dahlgren, Madeleine Vinton: The Memoirs of John A. Dahlgren, New York 1891

 

 

Dahlgren, Ulric:

US-Col; Sohn von Admiral John A. Dahlgren. Dahlgren zeichnete sich in den Schlachten von Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville und Gettysburg aus. 1863 US-Captain 18th Pennsylvania Cavalry; verwundet (und verlor hierdurch ein Bein) während der Verfolgung Lee's nach der Schlacht von Gettysburg am 6.7.1863 in Hagerstown / MD.

 

Teilnehmer des Kilpatrick/Dahlgren Raid nach Richmond im Februar / März 1864. Col. Dahlgren ist hierbei gefallen. In seinen Klei­dern wurden Unterlagen gefunden, die bewiesen, daß die Absicht des Raids darin bestand, führende Konföderierte umzubringen oder zu entführen. Die Entdeckung war eine Sensation und veranlaßte viele Konföderierte, ähnliche Aktionen gegen den Norden zu for­dern (vgl. Tidwell, William A.: April 65 - Confederate Covert Action in the American Civil War, Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik43, S. xiii; Hall, James A.: "The Dahlgren Papers," Civil War Times Illustrated 22 [Nov. 1983], S. 416-18)

 

Mary Chestnut (A Diary of Dixie, a.a.O., S. 294) berichtet: "..told me of Colonel Dahlgren's Death and the horried memoranda found in his pocket. He came with secret orders to destroy this devoted city, hang the president and his Cabinet, and burn the town!"

 

Der Norden erklärte nach einer Untersuchung, es handele sich bei den "Dahlgren Papers" um eine Fälschung des Südens, um von der Mißhandlung der US-Kriegsgefangenen abzulenken (vgl. Pond, a.a.O., S. 96). General Lee dagegen sandte Photographien von den handschriftlichen Aufzeichnungen an US-Gen Meade mit der Aufforderung, zu erklären, ob diese Papiere von der US-Regierung oder höheren Kommandostellen autorisiert seien (Pond, Battles and Leaders IV, a.a.O., S. 96) und gab die Informationen an die Pres­se des Nordens weiter++++. Tidwell (a.a.O., S. 224 Anm. 13) führt aus, daß die persönliche Verwicklung Lincoln's in die Affaire tiefer sei, als zunächst angenommen.

 

Sein Vater litt sehr unter dem Tod des Sohnes (vgl. Welles, Diary II 7)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Beale, R. L. T.: "Part Taken by the Ninth Virginia Cavalry in Reppeling the Dahlgren Raid." Southern Historical Society Papers 3 (1877), S. 219-21

- Chestnut, Mary: A Diary from Dixie, a.a.O., S. 294

- **Dahlgren, J. A.: Memoir of Ulric Dahlgre

n (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1872)

- George, Jr., Joseph: "Black Flag Warfare: Lincoln and the Raids against Richmond and Jefferson Davis," The Pennsylvania Magazi­ne of History and Biographie 115 (July 1991), S. 291-318

- Pond, George E.: Kilpatrick's and Dahlgren's Raid to Richmond; in: Battles and Leaders Vol. IV, S. 95/96

- Schultz, Duane: The Dahlgren Affair. Terror and Conspiracy in the Civil War (New York: W. W. Norton & Comp, 1999)

- St. Clair, Hughes: Hugh St. Clair's Civil War Diary,1

 

 

Dale, Matt:

CS-Major; † gef. 17.9.1862 im Battle of Antietam; 1st Texas Infantry Regiment; er trat 2nd Lieutenant Co. G; promoted to Major 19.5.1862 (vgl. http://texas-brigade.org/1st_tex/1texrosterhq.htm).

 

 

Dame, William Meade:

CS-Pvt; Dame was a Private in the First Company, Richmond Howitzers and went on to become an Episcopal Minister in Baltimore and was known as the "Bishop of Bolton Street"

 

Documents/Literature::

- Dame, William Meade D. D.: From the Rapidan to Richmond (Baltimore 1920); 213 pp. Nevins says these memoirs "contain a we­alth of human interest stories relative to the Army of Northern Virginia's last year."

 

 

Dana, Amasa E.:

US-Captain; zunächst First Lieutenant Co E, 8th Illinois Cavalry Regiment (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 67, 68), bzw. Co. L (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll21).

 

Teile der Co E unter Lt Marcellus *Jones bildeten am 1.7.1863 den vorgeschobenem Vorposten der 8th Illinois Cavalry westlich von Gettysburg an der Straße nach Cashtown (Anm. beim Marsh Creek); seine Männer waren die ersten US-Soldaten die auf CS-Truppen trafen (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 63). Jones feuerte einen der er­sten Schüsse im Battle of Gettysburg ab (vgl. Martin, a.a.O., S. 63 mit S. 606n27); Captain Dana stieß mit weiteren Teilen seiner Co E zur Unterstützung von Jones vor; Teilnahme am verzöger­ten Gefecht gegen Archer's Brigade und schrittweiser Rückzug der Co E 8th Illinois Cavalry nach Herr Ridge (vgl. Martin: Gettys­burg, a.a.O., S. 68).

 

Van de Graaf's battalion (5th Alabama Battalion), supported by Companies B and G of the 13th Alabama under Lieutenant Will Craw­ford fanned (aufgefächert) out ahead of Archer's Brigade, not quite 200 men in all. Facing the Alabama troops initially was Company E, 8th Illinos Cavalry – just forty men spread across several hundred yards. The Federal's Spencer repeater, however, crea­ted the impression of a significantly larger force as the Confederates began to push their way through wheatfields alongside the road. „The true character and length of our line soon became known to the eneny“ reported Lieutenant Amasa Dana, „and promptly moved upon our frint and flanks“ (vgl. Newton: McPherson's Ridge, a.a.O., S. 27).

 

Photo:

von Matthew Brady: General A. T. A. Torbert and Staff, 1864; der 8. von links ist Captain Amasa E. Dana (left hand and swort on left knee, wears goatee [Spitzbart]) (Hinweis von John Beckendorf bei http://westcoastcwc.com/cgi-bin/display_Items_Ref.asp?Cat=18&Sub=52).

 

 

Dana, Charles Anderson:

Assistant US-Secretary of War; *in New Hampshire am 8.8.1819-1897; in der Vorkriegszeit war Dana fast 15 Jahre lang Journalist, Anteilseigner und Managing Editor in Horace Greeley's New York Tribune (vgl. Rankin, Charles E.: Introduction to Dana, Recollec­tions; a.a.O., S. vi, 1; Miles: A River Unvexed, a.a.O., S. 335); im April 1862 von Greeley ohne Angabe von Gründen gefeuert (Dana, Recollections, S. 1); Dana vermutet als Grund für die Entlassung, daß Dana eine belligeristische, Greeley dagegen eine Peace-Hal­tung vertrat (vgl. Dana, Recollections, a.a.O., S. 2). Dana wurde im Mai 1862 vom Kriegsministerium mit der Leitung der Untersu­chung gegen Capt. Reuben B. *Hatch beauftragt, den der Korruption verdächtigten Assistant Quartermaster in Cairo (vgl. Potter, Sul­tana, a.a.O., S. 37, 39; Dana, Recollections, S. 11).

 

Charles A. Dana war nach seiner Entlassung bei der New York Tribune ab Nov. 1862 vorübergehend im Baumwollhandel tätig (Dana, Recollections, S. 17), bis er erkannte, daß es sich um eine "bad business handelte. Dana informierte Secretary of War, Stanton, über seine Erkenntnisse und empfahl den Handel zu unterbinden, der wegen der enormen Gewinne die Armee zu korrumpieren und zu demoralisieren drohe, und die Ressourcen der CSA enorm verstärkte, durch Schmuggel insbesondere der jüdischen (!) Händler (Brief Dana's an Stanton v. 21.1.1863, abgedruckt bei: Dana, Recollections, a.a.O., S. 18). Lincoln erließ daraufhin ein Verbot des freien Baumwollhandels und stellte den regulierten Handel unter Staatsaufsicht; Soldaten wurde der Handel mit Baumwolle völlig verboten (Dana, Recollections, a.a.O., S. 20).

 

Dana was dispatched by Edwin Stanton to observe Grant after the Union loss at Shiloh. The newsman Dana became the "govern­ment's eyes at the front". His observations were originally published in 1898 (vgl. Dana, Charles A.: Recollections of the Civil War [New York: Appleton and Co., 1898; Reprint 1996]).

 

Dana war ab März 1863 Sonderbeauftragter der US-Regierung zur Überwachung der Finanzen der im Westen eingesetzten Truppen (Dana, Recollections, a.a.O., S. 21), tatsächlich jedoch Lincoln's und Stanton's Spion in Grant's Hauptquartier (Miles: A River Unve­xed, a.a.O., S. 335; Dana, Recollections, a.a.O., S. 21: "But your real duty will be to report to me every day what you see") Teilnah­me an Grant's Operation zur Umgehung von Vicksburg (Dana, Recollections, a.a.O., S. 30 ff. und 35 ff.).

 

Am 28.1.1864 (+++Datum überprüfen: nach Porter: Campaining with Grant S. 2 war Dana bereits am 23.10.1863 Assistant Secretary of War+++) wurde Dana zum First Assistant Secretary of War ernannt, und blieb auf diesem Posten bis August 1865. Anschließend kehrte Dana zum Journalismus zurück und wurde Editor und Publisher der einflußreichen New York Sun (Miles: A River unvexed, a.a.O., S. 335)

 

Photo:

- Dana: Recollections, a.a.O., Vorblatt

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Dana, Charles A.: Recollections of the Civil War (New York: Appleton and Co., 1898; Reprint 1996)

- **Dana, Charles A.: "Recollections of Men and Events of the Civil War"; in: McClure's Magazine Nr. 10 (Februar 1898) und 11 (Mai 1898), sowie in weiteren Ausgaben

 

 

Dana, Edmund L.:

US-Gen.; Dana befehligt die Aufklärung der 19th und 20th Massachusetts auf Winn’s Mill /Virginia Halbinsel (Virginia-Halbinsel Campaign April 1862; .vgl. Adams: 19th Massachusetts, a.a.O., S. 15; Karte bei Davis Nr. 17.1). Dana führte bei Gettysburg das 143rd Pennsylvania Infantry;

 

 

Dana, Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh:

US-MajGen, *++++-17.7.1905 in Portsmouth / NH. Dana war West Point Graduierter; Teilnehmer am Mexiko-Krieg, dabei schwer verwundet im Battle von Cerro Gordo; nach seiner Genesung war Dana Rekrutierungsoffizier in Boston, anschließend als Captain der Quartermaster Abteilung an die Frontier in Minnesota kommandiert. 1855 schied Dana auf eigenen Wunsch aus der Armee aus und wurde Bankier der Dana & Borup Bank in St. Paul. Bei Ausbruch des Bürgerkriegs trat Dana als Colonel der 1st Minnesota Vol­unteer Infantry wieder ein und wurde innerhalb weniger Monate zum BrigGen der Volunteers ernannt; Brigadekommandeur im 2nd Corps Army of the Potomac. Dana nahm an allen Hauptkämpfen der Peninsula Campagne 1862 in Virginia und während der Mary­land Campaign teil. In der Schlacht von Antietam wurde BrigGen Dana erneut schwer verwundet und während seiner Genesung zum MajGen der Volunteers ernannt.

 

Dana befehligte im Juni 1863 die US-Militia von Philadelphia, Pa., *Department of the Susquehanna (vgl. Coddington: Gettysburg Campaign, a.a.O., S. 144)

 

Ab 8.12.1864 war Dana Kommandeur des Departments of the Mississippi (vgl. Potter, a.a.O., S. 25, 49; Salecker, a.a.O., S. 21).

 

Anm.: Snedeker (Diary, Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik11) erwähnt am 25. und 27.9.1864 eine Revue vor Gen. Dana's Head Quarter in Vicksburg

 

Dana wurde nie irgendeines Vorwurfs ausgesetzt wegen des Untergangs der *Sultana am 27.4.1865, obwohl das tragische Unglück sich in seinem Verantwortungsbereich ereignete (Potter, Sultana, a.a.O., S. 176).

 

Nachkriegszeit: Dana schied aus der Armee am 27.5.1865 aus und war anschließend Generalagent der American-Russian Commerci­al Company of Alaska; später Executive Officer verschiedener Eisenbahnlinien in Chicago, Burlington und Quincy (Potter, a.a.O., S. 176).

 

Photo:

- Potter: Sultana Tragedy, a.a.O., S. 24

 

 

Dangerfield, Foxhall A.:

CS-Major; auch Daingerfield (vgl. William E. Jones Report: OR 12 [2] S. 112). Geboren am 8.2.1839 in "Westwood", Rockingham County, Va.; educated in der Semi-Military School von George B. Terrill und an der Lewisburg Academy; Studium der Rechte in der Rechtsanwaltskanzlei seines Bruders in California; Dangerfield kehrte nach Virginia zurück und nahm an der Abwehr von John *Brown's Raid teil. Anschließend Studium der Rechtswissenschaften an Law School, jetzt Washington und Lee University. 1861 wurde die Klasse aufgelöst, und Dangerfield, der zuvor noch sein Examen in Staunton abgelegt hatte, schloß sich der Cavalry Com­pany von A. T. Richards aus Bath County an. 1862 bei der Reorganisation der Einheit wurde Dangerfield zum Captain der Company gewählt, die Einheit wurde bald darauf Ashby's Command angeschlossen als 17th Battalion, und später mit der 11th Virginia Cavalry verschmolzen (vgl. McDonald: Laurel Brigade, a.a.O., S. 379 Anm)

 

Am 2.8.1862 kam es in *Orange Court House, Va. zu heißen Straßenkämpfen bei einer erneuten US-Aufklärung, als US-Gen S. W. Crawford mit drei US-Cavalry Regimenter (1st Vermont Cavalry, 1st Michigan Cavalry, 5th New York Cavalry) von Norden her auf Orange Court House vorstießen. Die nördliche Vorstadt wurde von Company F der 11th Virginia Cavalry unter Captain Dangerfield verteidigt, die von den zahlenmäßig stark überlegenen Angreifern durch die Stadt getrieben wurden. Zur Verstärkung wurde die 7th Virginia Cavalry unter Col. William E. "Grumble" Jones eingesetzt (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 9; McDonald: Laurel Bri­gade, a.a.O., S. 78). Hierbei wurde Dangerfield durch einen Säbelhieb schwer verwundet und gefangengenommen. Er wurde im Old Capital Prison Washington inhaftiert, bald jedoch ausgetauscht (vgl. McDonald: Laurel Brigade, a.a.O., S. 379 Anm).

 

Anschließend erneut Kompaniechef. Battle of Wilderness; erneut verwundet im Gefecht von Sapony Church (vgl. McDonald: Laurel Brigade, a.a.O., S. 373 Anm; 379 Anm). Teilnahme am Gefecht von Trevilian; erneut verwundet im Gefecht von Amelia Springs, wo er einen Oberschenkelschuß erlitt; dennoch Teilnahme am nächsten Tag beim Angriff High Bridge. Befördert zum Major in der 11th Virginia Cavalry. Nach Appomattox kehrte er nach Virginia zurück (vgl. McDonald: Laurel Brigade, a.a.O., S. 379 Anm)

 

Documents/Literature::

- McDonald: Laurel Brigade, a.a.O., S. 78, 114, 248, 315, 372, 373 n5, 379-80 n

 

 

Daniel, A. J.:

CS-Pvt, 61st North Carolina Infantry

 

Photo:

Pvt A. J. Daniel (aus http://www.ncpublications.com/%5C%5C/nc_rostr/default.htm)

 

 

Daniel, George Hewitt:

CS-Adjutant; Co. I und F&S, 8th Regiment Georgia Infantry (State Guards) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 15).

 

2.10.1816 – † 22.7.1864; °° mit Hulda Battle Colley Daniel (1821-1857) (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 10.8.2016).

 

George Hewitt Daniel had established a small grocery business in Covington, acquired land, and become thoroughly Southern in his convictions. Twice married but now a widower, the forty-seven-year-old father of three young daughters had been serving as adjutant of the 8th Regiment of Georgia militia in the trenches north of Atlanta until sometime after July 3, when he came home on sick leave. There are several versions of what happened in Covington on July 22, but the two earlier accounts insist Daniel had gone to the depot to see his youngest daughter off on the morning train to Conyers. When word arrived after her departure that the Yankees had captured the train, he became frantic with fatherly concern. The two stories differ slightly over just what happened next, but everyone agrees Daniel was "a very quiet, passionate man...acting on the impulse of the moment...a man of high prejudice...desirous to carry everything his own way." According to Allie Travis, a nurse at one of the Covington hospitals, the distraught father vowed to rescue his daughter or die trying. He was at the depot, waiting for someone to bring him his horse, when some of Garrard's men rode up, saw he was wearing a cartridge box, and took him prisoner. The other account, printed only two weeks after the event, maintained Daniel was still waiting for his horse when a friend advised him his daughter was safe. Greatly relieved, Daniel returned to his store but had scarcely gotten inside when Yankee troopers barged in and asked if he was a soldier. When Daniel admitted he was, his interrogators seemed skeptical. Two of them went outside. "Who is this man George Daniel?" they demanded of a passerby. The frightened civilian, perhaps thinking the Yankees would make prisoners of any Confederate soldiers they found in Covington, unwittingly sealed Daniel's fate by describing him as "a citizen and merchant." "We'll have that man to shoot," declared one of the troopers. Convening a mock trial, they summarily convicted Daniel as a bushwhacker. Since a neighbor had identified him as a civilian rather than a soldier, his captors refused to treat him as a prisoner of war. Instead, two of them led Daniel to a grove of oak trees on Colonel W.W. Clark's property and shot him dead. Daniel's three daughters did not learn of the tragedy until later that afternoon, when a neighbor heard a Yankee soldier say something about leaving "a dead Reb in the woods." (aus "Sherman's Horsemen" by David Evans).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Daniel, George Hewitt (Adjutant; Co. I und F&S, 8th Regiment Georgia Infantry): Papers, Atlanta Historical Society, Georgia/ Atlanta

 

 

Daniel, James B. Barrett:

CS-Sergeant; 47th Alabama Infantry. Während der Gettysburg Campaign gehörte das Regiment zum I Army Corps Longstreet 3rd Divisi­on (Hood's Division) MajGen John B. Hood, 1st Brigade BrigGen Evander McIver Law.

 

Photo:

- Penny / Laine: Struggle for the Round Tops, a.a.O., S. 18

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Daniel, James B. Barrett (Sergeant; 47th Alabama Infantry): Letters (Samford University Library, Birmingham, Alabama)

 

 

Daniel, John M.:

CS-Verleger; Herausgeber des 'Examiner' (Ruffin, Diary II 31).

 

 

Daniel, John Warwick:

+++klären+++ (vgl. Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 17 iVm. S. 225n34)

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- Daniel, John Warwick: Papers. Virginia Historical Society, Richmond

 

 

Daniel, John Wilhite Lewis:

CS-Major; zunächst Captain Co B 15th Alabama Infantry

 

 

Daniel, Junius:

CS-BrigGen; 1828-1864; aus North Carolina; USMA 1851 (33/42); Berufsoffizier Infantry; he served in garrison and on the frontier in Indian scouting and fighting before resigning in 1858 to take his father's La. Plantation. Commissioned Col 14th Regiment North Carolina Infantry 3.6.1861; he fought in the Seven Days' Battles and had his horse shot from under him at Malvern Hill. He was ap­pointed BrigGen 1.9.1862 and was stationed in the Drewry's Bluff vicinity until sent to North Carolina in Dec. 1862. Going to Get­tysburg from there, he commanded his Brigade in Rodes' Division in Pennsylvania, and at the Wilderness and Spotsylvania. He was mortally wounded 12.5.1864 in the „Bloody Angle“ and died the next Day (vgl. Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 222).

 

 

Daniels, Edward:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 1st Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 7).

 

Rechtsanwalt aus Ripon / Wisconsin; Daniel stellte im Juni 1861 ein Battalion Wisconsin Cavalry auf (vgl. Quiner, E. B.: The Milita­ry History of Wisconsin, a.a.O., S. 79, 881) aus dem sich bis 8.3.1862 die 1st Wisconsin Cavalry entwickelte; Col 1st Wis­consin Ca­valry (vgl. Quiner, E. B.: The Military History of Wisconsin, a.a.O., S. 881)

 

 

Daniels, Nathan W.:

US Col, 1832-1867; stammte ursprünglich aus New York, lebte dann in Ohio; bei Kriegsausbruch lebte Daniels in Point Coupee Pa­rish, Louisiana. Bei Kriegsausbruch schloß er sich der US-Army in Ohio an und war zuletzt 1863 Offizier im Provost Marshals' Office (vgl. Weaver, a.a.O., S. 14). Col 2nd Regiment Louisiana Native Guard Regiment (US-Coloured Troops); eingesetzt auf *Ship Island, 10 Meilen vor der Küste von Mississippi gelegen im Golf von Mexiko westlich der Mobile Bay.

 

Photo:

- Weaver, a.a.O., vor Titelseite

 

Karte:

- Davis, a.a.O., Nr. 147 F 1

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Weaver, C. P. (ed.): Thank God my Regiment is an African One: The Civil War Diary of Colonel Nathan W. Daniels (Louisiana State University Press, 1998; Taschenbuchausgabe 2000)

 

 

Daniel, Rufus W.:

CS-Sergeant; Co. C, 6th Regiment Arkansas Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M376 Roll 6).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Daniel, Rufus: Diary; United States Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, Pa. (USHMI), Civil War Misc. Collection

 

 

Danks, John:

US-LtCol; Co. F&S, 63rd Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry; zunächst Captain Co. E (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 26). Während der Gettysburg Campaign gehörte das Regiment zu Graham's Brigade, 1st Division Birney, III. Army Corps Sickles (vgl. Gottfried: Brigades at Gettysburg, a.a.o., S. 188). Am Morgen des 2.7.1863 war das 63rd Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry eingesetzt an der Wheatfield Road, die bei Peach Orchard die Emmitsburg Road kreuzte (vgl. Hessler: Sickles at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 102).

 

 

D'Aquin, Louis E.:

CS-Captain; Louisiana Guard Artillery; D'Aquin's Battery gehörte während Jackson's Vorstoß gegen Pope's neuaufgestellte Army of Virginia im Juli / August 1862 und beim Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 zu der, von A. R. *Courtney befehligten Divisionsar­tillerie der Division Ewell's (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 54, 69, 362). D'Aquin's Battery eröffnete neben anderen Artille­rie-Batterien das Feuer auf die US-Cavalry bei Crittenden House als Eröffnung der Schlacht von Cedar Mountain (vgl. Krick, a.a.O., S. 54; Grimsley: Battles in Culpeper, a.a.O., S. 27; OR 12 [3] 228, 237).

 

 

Darby, George W.:

US-Sgt; 8th Pennsylvania Infantry; Darby fought and was wounded at 2nd Manassas and imprisoned at Libby and Belle Isle.

 

Documents/Literature::

- Darby, George W. (8th PA Reserve Vols): The Civil War Memoirs of Sergeant George W. *Darby, 1861-1865 (Heritage Books); Edited by Rogan Moore; 185 pp; Index. Darby fought and was wounded at 2nd Manassas and imprisoned at Libby and Belle Isle. In­cludes appendices on 37th PA Vols, 191st PA Infantry and Private Goloden's wartime experiences

 

 

Darley, James W.:

CS-Captain; Co E 4th Alabama Infantry; verwundet in Battle of the Wilderness

 

 

Darling, Jasper T.:

US-Pvt; Co. G, 61st Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. Adjutant General Massachusetts: Massachusetts Soldiers, a.a.O., vol. 5, S. 151; dagegen bei National Park Soldiers named erroneously under Co. F, 60th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry [Militia]); Res. Worcester ; farmer ; 18 ; enl. and must. Feb. 21, 1865 ; must. out July 16, 1865 (vgl. Adjutant General Massachusetts: Massachusetts Soldiers, a.a.O., vol. 5, S. 151).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Darling, Jasper T. (Private, 61st Mass Vols): Cold Facts: The Pen of Col. Lee Writes the Indictment against the Sword of General Lee (Copy of Address given in Freeport, Illinois on May 30, 1910 at the GAR Encampment: Protesting about placement of a statue of Robert E. Lee being placed in the Capital)

 

 

D'Arnaud, Charles:

US-Captain; er wurde von MajGen Frémont vor der Beendigung der Neutralität Kentucky's im Sommer 1861 als Spion in Kentucky und im westlichen Tennessee eingesetzt, um die Grundlage eine korrekte Karte der Straßen, Brücken, Forts etc. zu erkunden (vgl. Nevins: Frémont, a.a.O., S. 492).

  •  

1861 MajGen Frémont had a really good intelligence system. He maintained a map-compilation room in the basement of his headquarters house, and he used a scout named Charles D'Arnaud to penetrate Kentucky and Tennessee and bring back plans of roads, military installations and so on. In his manuscript memoirs Frémont says that he had D'Arnaud make a second visit to Tennessee Cumberland area, because he intended to move south along those rivers and the Mississippi8. Presumably it was D'Arnaud Gen Grant saw in Cairo (vgl. Catton: Grant Moves South, a.a.O., S. 48, 494n7).

 

D'Arnaud traf bei BrigGen U. S. Grant, dem Kommandeur des Militärbezirks Southeast Missouri in Cairo am 5. September 1861 und berichtete von dem CS-Vorstoß nach Kentucky, der die Neutralität dieses Staates beendete. 'Presumably the report' D'Arnaud's veranlaßte Grant zum Vorstoß auf *Paducah (vgl. Catton: Grant Moves South, a.a.O., S. 48, 494n7).

 

 

Daum, Philip:

US-LtCol; zunächst Captain Co. 1st Regiment West Virginia Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M507 Roll 3); Captain Co. A, Captain Co. 1st Regiment West Virginia Artillery (Daum's Battery) (vgl. http://www.wvcivilwar.com/union-regiments/battery-a-west-virginia-light-artillery)

 

LtCol und Chief of Artillery in Shield's Division im Frühjahr 1862. Die Artillery gehörte zur Division Shields, V. Army Corps Banks und war in diesem Rahmen im Shenandoah Valley eingesetzt, bestehend aus (vgl. OR 12 [I]: 346):

- West Virginia Light Artillery Battery A

- West Virginia Light Artillery Battery B

- 1st Ohio Light Artillery Battery H

- 1st Ohio Light Artillery Battery L

- 1st US Artillery Battery $

 

LtCol Daum kommandierte die US-Artillery der Division Shield am 23.3.1862 im Battle of Kernstown, auf Pritchard's Hill (vgl. Kar­te bei Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 123), bestehend aus vier Batterien (vgl. OR 12 [I]: 339 [Shield's Report]; OR 12 [I]: 359 [Daum's Report]; Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 122) (vgl. B&L vol, 2, S. 299: Forces at Kerntown).

 

 

Daum, Philip:

US-Pvt, 13th New York Independent Battery, Light Artillery; enlisted 23.11.1861 at New York; mustered in as a private 23.11.1861, to serve three years; discharged for disability 29.6.1862 at Fredericks City /Maryland (vgl. Roster Thirteenth New York Independent Battery, New York Light Artillery).

 

22.1.1899, beerd. Lutheran All Faiths Cemetery, Middle Village, Queens County/New York (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Daum, Philipp:

US-Pvt; Co. H, 2nd Regiment New Jersey Infantry, enlisted 29.5.1861; † gef. 6.5.1864 im Battle of the Wilderness; beerd. Federated Baptist Cemetery, Livingston, Essex County / New Jersey (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Daum, Philipp:

US-Pvt, Co. H, 55th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 13).

 

 

Davenport, Alfred:

US-Pvt; Co. G, 5th Regiment New York Infantry (Duryee Zouaves); Davenport trat als Sergeant in das Regiment ein; später Pvt (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 33).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Davenport, Alfred (5th New York): Camp and Field Life of the Fifth New York Infantry (Duryee Zouaves) (Olde Soldier Books - Reprint of 1879 Edition), 497 pp, Photos, Illustrated, Index, New Introduction. A Great Regimental! The 5th, always colorful in scar­let trousers and fez fought at Big Bethel, Peninsula, 2nd Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville before being muster­ed out in May, 1863. Nevins says "This thoroughly useful narrative, based on diaries and letters, covers admirably the exploits of a regiment that saw valiant service through Chancellorsville

 

 

Davenport, Edward A.:

US-+++

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Davenport, Edward A. (ed.): History of the Ninth Regiment Illinois Cavalry Volunteers (Chicago, 1888)

 

 

David, James I.:

US-Col; eingesetzt im Juli 1863 zur Abwehr von Morgan's Raid nach Kentucky, Indiana und Ohio eingesetzt zur Verstärkung der US Verteidiger (LtCol Charles S. *Hanson's 20th Kentucky Cavalry [US]) von *Lebanon, Marion County / KY (Karte bei Davis, a.a.O., Nr. 150 B 10) am 5.7.1863. David ging mit seinen Truppen, bestehend aus 8th Michigan Cavalry, 9th Michigan Cavalry und 11th Mi­chigan Battery zum Entsatz gegen Lebanon vor. Morgan hatte jedoch bereits Lebanon im Sturmangriff der von Duke's Brigade ge­nommen und mit der 2nd Brigade Adam R. *Johnson's den Vormarsch von David's Truppen blockiert (vgl. Horwitz: The Longest Raid, a.a.O., S. 27; Duke, Basil: The Century Magazine, Vol. XLI, Nr. 1 [November 1890] S. 408)

 

 

Davidson, Charles Andrew:

CS-Major; 1862 als Lieutenant bei 1st Virginia Battalion, Thomas S. *Garnett's Brigade (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 33, 41); Teilnahme am Vorstoß Jackson's gegen Pope's Army of Virginia Anfang August 1862 und Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862. In der Nacht vom 8.8.1862 auf den 9.8.1862 lag die Brigade Garnett zwischen dem Rapidan River und dem Robertson's Ri­ver (Karte bei Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 18), und vermied hierdurch, im Gegensatz zu William B. Taliaferro's Brigade, Kämpfe mit der US-Cavalry (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 41; *Davidson, Charles Andrew: Letters, a.a.O., S. 28).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Davidson, Charles Andrew: "Major Charles A. Davidson: Letters of a Virginia Soldier." Edited by Charles W. Turner. Civil War Hist­ory 22 (1976), S. 16-40

- Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 41, 178, 248, 298

 

 

Davidson, Greenlee:

CS-Captain; Brander's Company, Virginia Light Artillery (Letcher Artillery) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 14).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Turner, Charles W. (ed.): Captain Greenlee Davidson, CSA, Diary and Letters 1851-1863 (Verona, Va.: McClure, 1975)

 

 

Davidson, Henry G.:

US-Major; Co. F&S, 10th Regiment Kentucky Infantry; zuvor Captain Co. A (vgl. National Park Soldiers M386 Roll 7).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Davidson, Henry G.: Papers (Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield / Illinois)

 

 

Davidson, Henry M.:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 1st Regiment Ohio Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 25; vgl. Nosworthy: Bloody Crucible, a.a.O., S. 227).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Davidson, Henry M.: History of Battery A, First Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Light Artillery (Milwaukee, 1865)

 

 

Davidson, John:

CS-Pvt; Co. H, 55th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 10).

 

 

Davidson, John:

CS-Pvt; Co. D, 49th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 10).

 

 

Davidson, John L.:

CS-Pvt; Co. E, 1st Regiment North Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 10); 6 month, 1861

 

 

Davidson, John M.:

CS-Sergeant; Co. K, 11th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (Bethel Regiment) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 10).

 

 

Davidson, John M.:

CS-Pvt; Co. H, 15th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 10); formerly 5th North Carolina Infantry; s. auch 44th North Carolina Vols

 

 

Davidson, John M.:

CS-1stLt; Co. C, 39th Regiment North Carolina Infantry; er trat als Pvt in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 10).

 

 

Davidson, John W.:

CS-Lt; 29th North Carolina Infantry (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 34; Anm.: die Angabe des Regiments erscheint fraglich; ein Lt John W. Davidson von der 29th NC Infantry ist weder bei National Park Soldiers noch im Roster des Regiments benannt [vgl. dazu: Roster of North Carolina Troops in the War Between the States, Volume 2, Prepared by Order of Legislature of 1881 by John W. Moore, Late Major 3rd Battalion Light Artillery, 1882]).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Davidson, John and Julia: "A Wartime Story: The Davidson Letters, 1862-1865," ed. Jane Bonner Peacock, Atlanta Historical Bulle­tin 29 (1975)

 

 

Davidson, John Wynn:

US-MajGen; 14.8.1825 Fairfax County, VA - † 26.6.1881 St. Paul / Minnesota; was a brigadier general in the United States Army du­ring the American Civil War and an American Indian fighter. In 1866, he received brevet grade appointments as a major general of volunteers and in the regular U.S. Army for his Civil War service (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Davidson).

 

He graduated from West Point. Shortly after graduation he was promoted to 2nd lieutenant in the 1st U.S. Dragoons and participated in the Mexican-American War, seeing considerable action at the San Pasqual and the Rio San Gabriel battles. Following the war, Da­vidson was promoted to 1st lieutenant and assigned to the Western frontier. He served as the regimental quartermaster and adjutant. He led the 1st Cavalry Regiment against the Jicarilla Apaches in the Battle of Cieneguilla on 30.3.1854, where he was badly defeated in what was to be the fourth worst defeat suffered by the American military during the Western Indian Wars. In 1855 Davidson was promoted captain and was in command of Fort Tejon, California when the American Civil War erupted (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Davidson).

 

He was allegedly offered a commission in the Confederate Army but turned it down. Davidson was transferred to the east and took command of a brigade in the newly formed Army of the Potomac. On 6.2.1862, President Abraham Lincoln appointed Davidson to the grade of brigadier general of U.S. volunteers, to rank from February 3, 1862, the same day the U.S. Senate confirmed the pre­viously submitted nomination. General Davidson assumed command of the 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, IV. Corps during the Peninsula Campaign. He fought at the battles of Yorktown and Williamsburg. During the Seven Days Battles he received brevet promotions in the Regular Army for his service at Gaines' Mill and Golding's Farm. Shortly after the culmination of the Seven Days' fighting, Davidson was transferred to the Trans-Mississippi Theater where he was placed in command of the Dist. of St. Louis. From December 3, 1862 to March 26, 1863 he was also in command of the so-called Army of Southeast Missouri until much of his army was transferred to Ulysses S. Grant in preparation for the Vicksburg Campaign. He retained command of the Dist. of St. Louis until June 16, 1863 when he briefly commanded the Dist. of Southeast Missouri (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Davidson).

 

From August 10 to November 3, 1863 Davidson commanded the 1st Division of Frederick Steele's Army of Arkansas in his most dist­inguished role in the west. He led Union advance into central Arkansas and won the battle of Bayou Fourche, which led directly to the fall of Confederate-held Little Rock. After the Little Rock expedition, Davidson commanded the cavalry in the Dept. of the Gulf before returning to command the cavalry in the Dist. of Southeast Missouri. For the remainder of the war, Davidson held va­rious ad­ministrative commands in Mississippi. He was mustered out of the volunteer service on January 15, 1866. On January 13, 1866, Pre­sident Andrew Johnson nominated Davidson for appointment to the grade of brevet major general of volunteers to rank from March 13, 1865, and the U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment on March 12, 1866. On April 10, 1866, President Johnson no­minated Da­vidson for appointment to the grade of brevet brigadier general, U.S. Army, to rank from March 13, 1865, and the U.S. Senate con­firmed the appointment on May 4, 1866. On July 17, 1866, President Johnson nominated Davidson for appointment to the grade of brevet major general, U.S. Army, to rank from March 13, 1865, and the U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment on July 23, 1866 (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Davidson).

 

Following the end of the American Civil War Davidson was again posted on the Western frontier, this time as a lieutenant colonel of the 10th Cavalry, known as the Buffalo Soldiers. It was there that he acquired the nickname "Black Jack." In 1879 he was transferred to the 2nd Cavalry as colonel, at Fort Custer in the Montana Territory. Davidson died in St. Paul, Minnesota, in 1881 after being se­riously injured by a fall from a horse during an inspection tour. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery (vgl. http://en.wikipe­dia.org/wiki/John_Davidson).

 

 

Davidson, Peter:

US-Captain; Batteriechef Battery A 2nd Illinois Light Artillery (Peoria Battery). In der Pea Ridge Campaign vom Frühjahr 1862 ge­hörte die Peoria Battery zur 2nd Brigade Col Julius *White 3rd Division Jefferson C. *Davis in Samuel R. *Curtis Army of the Southwest (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 333); die Battery umfaßte zwei 65-pounder Rifled Guns, zwei 6-pounder Guns und zwei 12-pounder Howitzers (vgl. Shea Hess, a.a.O., S. 333). Die Battery wurde bei der Verstärkung von Osterhaus 1st Division bei Oberson‘s Field eingesetzt (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 121, 131 mit Karten S. 108, 123, 132).

 

 

Davidson, William Lott:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 5th Regiment Texas Cavalry (Mounted Rifles) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M227 Roll 9); 1862 Teilnahme an Sibley's New Mexico Campaign; in Nachkriegszeit vorübergehend Herausge­ber des 'Overton Texas Sharp-Shooter' (vgl. Alberts: Battle of Glorieta, a.a.O., S. 183 n 29, )

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Davidson, William Lott: "Reminiscenses of the Old Brigade - on the March - in the Tent - in the Field - as Witnesses by the Writers during the Rebellion," February 23, 1888 (this is a continuous series of articles in Overton [Texas] Sharp-Shooter from October 1887 to March 1889 - Davidson was a private [and sometimes sergeant] in Comp A, 5th Texas Mounted Volunteers. As editor of this short-lived newspaper, he was the primary author of these articles, although he collaborated with Capt. Charles C. Lynn und Lt. Philip Ful­crod, both Sibley Brigade veterans, in some issues; a invaluable source of information (Alberts: The Battle of Glorieta, a.a.O., S. 183 Anm. 29)

 

 

Davies, Henry E.:

US-+++Gen; 1836-94; aus New York; Studium in Harvard und Williams; graduiert von der Columbia University; Rechtsanwalt; 9.5.1861 Captain 5th New York Cavalry; am 1.8.1861 zum Major in Judson H. *Kilpatrick's 2nd New York Cavalry befördert (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 223).

 

Das Regiment unternahm am 20.7.1862 einen Raid gegen *Beaver Dam Station, Va. (vgl. hierzu Freeman: Lee, a.a.O., S. 263, Stuar­t's Report OR 12 [2] S. 119; OR 12 [3] S. 916). Dabei wurde der an der Eisenbahn wartende John *Mosby gefangen genommen (vgl. Stuart's Report OR 12 [2] S. 119; Ramage: Grey Ghost, a.a.O., S. 51; Siepel: Mosby, a.a.O., S. 59; Mosby: Reminiscenses, a.a.O., S. 129; Jones: Ranger Mosby, a.a.O., S. 63; Siepel, a.a.O. schreibt die Festnahme Col. J. Mansfield Davies zu, Ramage, a.a.O., Col. J. M. Davies; in der 2nd New York Cavalry gab es jedoch nur Major Henry E. Davies; auch die Angabe des Ranges von Davies als Col der 2nd New York Cavalry kann nicht zutreffen, da das Regiment von Col Judson H. *Kilpatrick als Regimentskommandeur geführt wurde (vgl. Kilpatrick's Report: OR 12 [2} S. 102-103).

 

Col Judson H. *Kilpatrick unternimmt am 22./23.7.1862 mit Abteilungen seines 2nd New York Cavalry Regiments (Harris Light Ca­valry) unter Teilnahme von Major Henry E. Davies, der 3rd Indiana Cavalry unter Major George H. *Chapman und der 14th Broo­klyn Cavalry (Division BrigGen Rufus King, McDowell's Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia) von Fredericksburg (vgl. Stackpole: From Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 28) aus einen Vorstoß gegen ein Camp der CS-Truppen, welches bei Carmel Church vermutet wurde; dort legt er einen Hinterhalt, verfolgt angreifende Rebellen bis kurz vor Hanover Junction, wo er das CS-Camp zerstört und wird schließ­lich von überlegenen Kräften unter Jeb Stuart vertrieben (vgl. Kilpatrick's Report: OR 12 [2} S. 102-103; King's Report: OR 12 [2] S. 102; Mosocco: Chronological Tracking of the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 77).

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History. Vol: 2: Vicksburg to Appomattox, a.a.O., S. 327 (im Stab Sheridan's während der Valley Cam­paign 1864)

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Davies, Henry: General Sheridan (New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1899)

 

 

Davies, J. Mansfield:

US-Col (Rang nach Ramage: Grey Ghost, a.a.O., S. 51; Siepel: Mosby, a.a.O., S. 59); 2nd New Cavalry (Harris Light Cavalry); sein Regiment unternahm am 20.7.1862 einen Raid gegen *Beaver Dam Station, Va. (vgl. hierzu Freeman: Lee, a.a.O., S. 263,; Stuart's Report OR 12 [2] S. 119; OR 12 [3] S. 916). Dabei wurde der an der Eisenbahn wartende John *Mosby gefangen genommen (vgl. Stuart's Report OR 12 [2] S. 119; Ramage: Grey Ghost, a.a.O., S. 51; Siepel: Mosby, a.a.O., S. 59; Mosby: Reminiscenses, a.a.O., S. 129; Jones: Ranger Mosby, a.a.O., S. 63; Siepel, a.a.O. schreibt die Festnahme Col. J. Mansfield Davies zu, Ramage, a.a.O., Col. J. M. Davies; in der 2nd New York Cavalry gab es jedoch nur Major Henry E. Davies; auch die Angabe des Ranges von Davies als Col der 2nd New York Cavalry kann nicht zutreffen, da das Regiment von Col Judson H. *Kilpatrick als Regimentskommandeur geführt wurde (vgl. Kilpatrick's Report: OR 12 [2} S. 102-103).

 

 

Davies, Thomas A.:

US-+++Gen;

 

 

Davis, Andrew F.:

US-1stLt; Co. F; 15th Regiment Indiana Infantry; er trat als First Sergeant in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 18).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Davis, Andrew F.: Letter to brother; United States Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, Pa. (USHMI), Civil War Times Collection.

 

 

Davis, Benjamin F. "Grimes":

US-Col; 1832-1863; stammte aus Alabama, appointed Mississippi (Boatner, a.a.O., S. 224); West Point 1854 (32/46); US-Berufsoffi­zier Infantrie-Cavalry; Einsatz an der Frontier und Indianerkämpfen, dabei verwundet; US-Captain 1st US Cavalry 30.6.1861. Trotz seiner südlichen Herkunft blieb Davis in der US-Army. LtCol 1st California Cavalry 19.8 - 1.11.1861. Zunächst in der Verteidigung von Washington DC eingesetzt, dann bei Yorktown und Williamsburg. Col 8th New York Cavalry ab 25.6.1862. Davis unternahm den berühmten Ausbruch aus dem belagerten Harper's Ferry. Während Lee's Maryland Campaign vom September 1862 belagerte Stonewall Jackson Harper's Ferry. Als Jackson die US-Garnison zur Übergabe ihrer unhaltbaren Position aufforderte, unternahm Da­vis mit Zustimmung seiner Vorgesetzten einen erfolgreichen Ausbruch, bei dem er seine 8th New York Cavalry zusammen mit der 12th Illinois Cavalry, 1st Maryland Cavalry und 1st Rhode Island Cavalry mit insgesamt 1300 Mann nachts durch die feindlichen Li­nien führte und auch noch den 97 Wagen umfassenden CS-Munitionstrain entführte (vgl. Longacre: Lincoln's Cavalrymen, a.a.O., S. 101-102 m.w.N).

 

Im April/Mai war Col Davis Brigadekommandeur während Stoneman's Raid in the Chancellorsville Campaign (Central Viginia Raid) (vgl. Longacre, Edward G.: Mounted Raids of the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 154).

 

1863 war Davis Brigadekommandeur der 1st Cavalry Brigade 1st Cavalry Division Buford im Cavalry Corps Pleasonton's der Army of the Potomac. Die Brigade bestand aus 8th Illinois Cavalry, 12th Illinois Cavalry, 3rd Indiana Cavalry und 8th New York Cavalry (Gliederung vgl. B & L, a.a.O., vol III, S. 437). Er fiel beim Battle of Brandy Station am 9.6.1863.

 

Die 8th New York Cavalry bildete am 9.6.1863 die Vorhut von Buford’s Cavalry beim Übersetzen über Beverly Ford am Rappahan­nock, beim Vormarsch zum Battle of Brandy Station (vgl. Starr: The Union Cavalry, a.a.O., vol. I, S. 378). Unmittelbar nach dem Flußübergang erfolgte ein Gegenangriff der 6th Virginia Cavalry unter Major C. E. Flourney. Davis war gerade dabei, die über den Fluß übergehenden Regimenter einzuweisen, als der Gegenangriff erfolgte. Hierbei wurde er von Lt R. V. Allen von der 6th Virginia Cavalry erschossen wurde (vgl. Starr: Union Cavalry, a.a.O., vol. I, S. 378 Anm. 37; vgl. McClellan: I Rode with JEB Stuart, a.a.O., S. 265). Elias Beck, Regimental Surgeon der 3rd Indiana Cavalry, schrieb in einem Brief an seine Frau vom 10.6.1863: "... our Briga­de Commander Col. Davis was killed, ... (He) was ... a proud tyrannical devil - & had the ill will of his whole Command - § Il bet was killed by our own men (Elias W. H. Beck, "Letters of a Civil War Surgeon," Indiana Magazine of History, XXVII [1931], S. 154).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bell, Thomas: At Harper's Ferry, Va., September 14, 1862: How the Cavalry Escaped ... (Brooklyn, New York: privately issued, 1900)

- Boatner, a.a.O., S. 224

- Longacre: Lincoln's Cavalrymen, a.a.O., S. 101-102 m.w.N

- In Memoriam: Hasbrouck *Davis .... n. p., 1871

- **McCormack, John F.: "The Harper's Ferry Skedaddlers," Civil War Times Illustrated 14 (December 1975), S. 32-39

- **Murfin, James V.: The Gleam of Bajonets: The Battle of Antietam and the Maryland Campaign of 1862 (New York: A. S. Barnes & Co., 1965), S. 147-54

 

 

Davis, Charles E.:

US-Pvt, Co. B, 13th Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 10).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Davis, Charles E., Jr.: Three Years in the Army. Story of the 13th Massachusetts Volunteers (Estes and Lauriat, Boston 1894, First Edition). Nevins says of this "Five diaries and numerous official sources formed the basis for this highly regarded history of a unit that served in the Army of the Potomac until its disbandment in the summer of 1864.

 

 

Davis, Charles H.:

US-Flag Officer, 1807-1877; ab Mai 1862 Commander of US Naval Forces of the Mississippi in Memphis (vgl. Bastian, Grant's Canal, a.a.O., S. 7) als Nachfolger des verwundeten Flag Officer Andrew H. *Foote (vgl. Bearss: Hardluck Ironclad, a.a.O., S. 55). Davis hatte Memphis Anfang 1862 erobert nach Vernichtung der dortigen CS-Naval Forces; seine Gunboat Fleet war an Farragut's Versuch vom Juni / Juli 1862 beteiligt, Vicksburg zu nehmen oder die Stadt mittels eines Kanals zu umgehen; zu den gemeinsam mit Farragut unternommenen versuchen, das vom Yazoo River nach Vicksburg durchgebrochene CS Ironclad Arkansas zu vernichten (vgl. OR Navies Ser I Vol 19 S. 5 ff.). Im Oktober 1862 wurde Davis durch *Porter als Commander der Western Flotilla (umbenannt in Mississippi Squadron) abgelöst und übernahm die Leitung des Bureau of Navigation in Washington, eine Abteilung des Marine­ministeriums (Bastian, Grant's Canal, a.a.O., S. 24; Bearss: Hardluck Ironclad, a.a.O., S. 83).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Farragut, Charles Henry (Captain): Life of Charles Henry Davis, Rear Admiral 1807-1877 (Cambridge, 1899)

 

 

Davis, Edmund Jackson:

US-BrigGen; Unionist aus Texas; er stellte die 1st Texas Cavalry USA auf; in der Nachkriegszeit Governor von Texas (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 224; Foner: Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 17).

 

 

Davis, Edward:

US-Captain; Co G 85th Indiana Infantry; im Juni 1863 war Davis Mitglied des Kriegsgerichts gegen CS-Col William Orton *Wil­liams (Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 116).

 

 

Davis, Elias:

CS-+++; +++klären+++ (vgl. Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 9 iVm. S. 224n19)

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- Davis, Elias: Papers. Southern Historical Collection, Univdersity of North Carolina

 

 

Davis, Hasbrouck (Hasbrook):

US-Col (LtCol); Co. F&S, 12th Regiment Illinois Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 21).

 

Regimentskommandeur 12th Illinois Cavalry (vgl. Longacre, Lincoln's Cavalrymen, a.a.O., S. 144, 146, 151). Teilnahme an Benjamin F. "Grimes" *Davis berühmten Ausbruch aus dem belagerten Harper's Ferry. Während Lee's Maryland Campaign vom September 1862 belagerte Stonewall Jackson Harper's Ferry. Als Jackson die US-Garnison zur Übergabe ihrer unhaltbaren Position aufforderte unternahm Davis mit Zustimmung seiner Vorgesetzten einen erfolgreichen Ausbruch, bei dem er seine 8th New York Ca­valry zusammen mit der 12th Illinois Cavalry, 1st Maryland Cavalry und 1st Rhode Island Cavalry mit insgesamt 1300 Mann nachts durch die feindlichen Linien führte und auch noch den 97 Wagen umfassenden CS-Munitionstrain entführte (vgl. Longacre: Lin­coln's55th Cavalrymen, a.a.O., S. 101-102 m.w.N).

 

Teilnahme mit der 12th Illinois Cavalry an Stoneman's Raid in the Chancellorsville Campaign (April-Mai 1863) im Rahmen des lin­ken US-Flügels auf die Virginia Central RR bei Louisa Court House (12 mi südöstlich von Gordonsville), und dann weiter nach Ha­nover Junction und zur Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac RR (vgl. Longacre: Mounted Raids, a.a.O., S. 158).

 

19.4.1827 - † 19.10.1870 ertrunken beim Untergang der SS Cambria vor der Küste Irlands (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Has­brouck_Davis)

 

Photo:

Col Hasbrouck Davis (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hasbrouck_Davis)

 

Documents/Literature::

- In Memoriam: Hasbrouck Davis .... n. p., 1871

- Longacre, Lincoln's Cavalrymen, a.a.O., S. 144, 146, 151

 

 

Davis, Henry Winter:

16.8.1817 Annapolis/Maryland – † 30.12.1865; was a United States Representative from the 4th and 3rd congressional districts of Maryland, well known as one of the Radical Republicans during the Civil War.

 

Born in Annapolis, Maryland, his father, the Reverend Henry Lyon Davis (1775–1836), was a prominent Maryland Episcopal clergyman and was for some years president of St John's College at Annapolis. The son graduated at Kenyon College at Gambier, Ohio in 1837, and from the law department of the University of Virginia in 1841, and began the practice of law in Alexandria, Virginia, but in 1850 removed to Baltimore, Maryland, where he won a high position at the bar. Davis was a man of scholarly tastes, an orator of unusual ability and great eloquence, tireless and fearless in fighting political battles, but impulsive to the verge of rashness, impractical, tactless and autocratic. He wrote an elaborate political work entitled The War of Ormuzd and Ahriman in the Nineteenth Century (1853), in which he described the American Republic and the Russian Empire as the ultimate opponents in the struggles of humanity; it also dismissed the Southern contention that slavery was a divine institution (vgl. wikipedia, Stichwort Henry Winter Davis, Abruf v. 5.3.2017).

 

Early becoming imbued with strong anti-slavery views, though by inheritance he was himself a slaveholder, he began political life as a Whig. After the Whig Party disintegrated, he became a Know Nothing, and served as a member of the Know Nothing–influenced American Party in the House of Representatives from 1855 to 1861. By his independent course in Congress he won the respect and esteem of all political groups. In the contest over the speakership at the opening of the 36th United States Congress in 1859 he voted with the Republicans, incurring a vote of censure from the Maryland Legislature (sog. Speakership Contest) (vgl. hierzu: Hopkins: Poltics of Continuity, a.a.O., S. 29-30; vgl. Henig, Gerald: „Henry Winter Davis and the Speakership Contest of 1859-1860,“ in: Maryland Historical Magazine, Vol. 67 (Spring 1973), S. 1-19), which called upon him to resign. In the 1860 presidential election, not yet ready to become a Republican, he declined to be a candidate for the Republican nomination for Vice President of the United States, instead supported the Constitutional Union ticket of John Bell and Edward Everett. Defeated that year for reelection to Congress (Anm. er verlor die Wahlen zum US-Congreß in seinem Wahlbezirk gegen den Demokraten Henry May [vgl. hierzu: Hopkins: Poltics of Continuity, a.a.O., S. 31]), in the winter of 1860 and 1861 - between the secession of some Southern states and the beginning of the Civil War with the assault on Fort Sumter - Davis was involved in compromise measures (vgl. wikipedia, Stichwort Henry Winter Davis, Abruf v. 5.3.2017).

 

Henry Winter Davis, Politiker, Radical Leader und Abolitionist aus Maryland; er setzte sich intensiv für "Free Labor" für die Schwarzen ein (vgl. Foner: Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 40).

 

After Abraham Lincoln was elected and the Civil War began, Davis became a Republican. He was re-elected in 1862 to the U.S. House of Representatives and quickly became an aggressive Radical Republican, which was viewed as particularly surprising given that Maryland was a slaveholding border state. From December 1863 to March 1865 Davis served as chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs. In 1864, unwilling to leave the delicate questions concerning the French intervention in Mexico entirely in the hands of President Lincoln and Secretary of State William H. Seward, Davis brought in a report very hostile to France, which was adopted by the House but not by the Senate. With other Radical Republicans, Davis was a bitter opponent of Lincoln's plan for the Reconstruction of the Southern states, which he thought too lenient. On February 15, 1864, he reported from committee a bill placing the process of Reconstruction under the control of Congress, and stipulating that the Confederate states, as a condition of being re-admitted to the Union would disfranchise all important civil and military officers of the Confederacy, abolish slavery, and repudiate all debts incurred by or with the sanction of the Confederate government. In his speech supporting this measure, Davis declared that until Congress should recognize a government established under its auspices, there is no government in the rebel states save the authority of Congress. The bill, the first formal expression by Congress with regard to Reconstruction, did not pass both Houses until the closing hours of the session. President Lincoln disapproved and on July 8 issued a proclamation defining his position. Soon afterward, on August 5, 1864, Davis joined Benjamin F. Wade of Ohio, who had piloted the bill through the Senate, in issuing the so-called Wade–Davis Manifesto, which violently denounced President Lincoln for encroaching on the domain of Congress and insinuated that the presidential policy would leave slavery unimpaired in the reconstructed states. In a debate in Congress some months later he declared, "When I came into Congress ten years ago this was a government of law. I have lived to see it a government of personal will." He was one of the radical leaders who preferred John C. Frémont to Lincoln in the 1864 election, but subsequently withdrew his opposition and supported the President for re-election. Joining the Unconditional Union Party, he early favored the enlistment of negroes, and in July 1865 publicly advocated the extension of the suffrage to them. He was not a candidate for re-election to Congress in 1864. On Election Night, 1864, during a discussion, Lincoln said: "It has seemed to me recently that Winter Davis was growing more sensible to his own true interests and has ceased wasting his time by attacking me. I hope for his own good he has. He has been very malicious against me but has only injured himself by it. His conduct has been very strange to me. I came here, his friend, wishing to continue so. I had heard nothing but good of him; he was the cousin of my intimate friend Judge Davis. But he had scarcely been elected when I began to learn of his attacking me on all possible occasions." (vgl. wikipedia, Stichwort Henry Winter Davis, Abruf v. 5.3.2017).

 

Davis died in Baltimore at the very end of 1865. His remains were interred in Greenmount Cemetery.

 

Henry W. Davis was a cousin of David Davis, an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States and later a U.S. Senator from Illinois. He was also a first cousin of Brevet Brigadier General Moses B. Walker who served as an associate justice of the Texas Supreme Court (vgl. wikipedia, Stichwort Henry Winter Davis, Abruf v. 5.3.2017).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Davis, Henry Winter: Speeches and Adresses (New York, 1867)

- **Henig, Gerald: „Henry Winter Davis and the Speakership Contest of 1859-1860,“ in: Maryland Historical Magazine, Vol. 67 (Spring 1973), S. 1-19 Anm.: zum Speakership Streit s. auch Hopkins: Poltics of Continuity, a.a.O., S. 29-30

- **Steiner, Bernard: The Life of Henry Winter Davis (Baltimore: John Murphy, 1916)

 

 

Davis, Jefferson:

1808-1889, aus Brierfield südlich Vicksburg / Mississippi; geboren in Christian County / KY, aufgewachsen Wilkinson County / MS; sein Vater Samuel Davis war Farmer, kein reicher Südstaaten-Plantagenbesitzer, dafür Baptist und Demokrat.

 

Davis besuchte die Transsylvania University / KY und studierte Latein, Griechisch, Mathematik; auf Anraten seines ältesten Bruders brach er die Ausbildung ab und besuchte die US-Militärakademie West Point.; dort von der Anklage vor dem Kriegsgericht wegen unerlaubtem Gaststättenbesuch (Benny Haven's "Public House") in einem Kriegsgerichtsverfahren verurteilt, von der Akademie ent­lassen, jedoch wegen seines sonstigen Verhaltens begnadigt; sein Stubenkamerad war Leonidas Polk; in West Point 1828 graduiert als 23er von 34.

 

1828 Second Lieutenant in der US-Army; 1832 First Lieutenant unter Col. Zachary Taylor, dem späteren US-Präsidenten; von die­sem jedoch als Schwiegersohn abgelehnt (fraglich: die Story von der Feindschaft scheint nicht zustimmen, denn eine größere Zahl von Familienmitgliedern der Taylors nahm an der Hochzeit teil; vgl. Hattaway/Jones: How the North Won, a.a.O., S. 7); Davis wurde 1835 in einem Kriegsgerichtsverfahren der Insubordination beschuldigt (vgl. Hattaway/Jones: How the North Won, a.a.O., S. Hatta­way/Jones: How the North Won, a.a.O., S. 7; Monroe, Haskell M. und James T. McIntosh (eds.): Proceedings of a General Court Martial - Third Day Trial of Jefferson Davis; in: The Papers of Jefferson Davis, Bd. I [Baton Rouge, 1971]); vor seiner Hochzeit ent­schloß sich Davis, aus der Armee auszuscheiden; er heiratete die 16jährige Knox Taylor gegen den Willen der Eltern (fraglich: die Story von der Feindschaft scheint nicht zustimmen, denn eine größere Zahl von Familienmitgliedern der Taylors nahm an der Hoch­zeit teil; vgl. Hattaway/Jones: How the North Won, a.a.O., S. 7) und zog mit seiner Frau auf die gutgehende Plantage des ältesten Bruders Joseph Davis bei Davis Bend / MS südlich von Vicksburg. Seine Frau starb dort knapp drei Monate nach der Eheschließung am Fieber. Nach Wiederherstellung seiner Gesundheit (Davis war ebenfalls am Fieber erkrankt) lebte er nach vorübergehendem Auf­enthalt in Cuba bei seinem ältesten Bruder Joseph Davis, der es inzwischen zum größten Plantagenbesitzer in Mississippi gebracht hatte, wo er ein Jahrzehnt lang in Abgeschiedenheit sich bis 1844 Privatstudien und als Farmer mit 40 Sklaven widmete. 1845 heira­tet der 36jährige die 17 Jahre alte Varina Howell.

 

Bereits 1843 hatte Davis vergeblich für den Congress von Mississippi kandidiert und wurde 1844 in den Congress in Washington ge­wählt.

 

Bei Ausbruch des Mexikanischen Krieges verzichtete Davis auf seinen Sitz im Kongreß und stellte ein Volunteer Regiment aus Missi­ssippi auf. Teilnahme an der Schlachten von Monterey, sein Einsatz rettete die Schlacht von Buena Vista, wo sein Regiment den entscheidenden Kavallerieangriff der Mexikaner abwies. Davis kehrte als Kriegsheld verwundet aus Mexiko zurück, lehnte eine Be­förderung zum Brigadier General der Volunteers durch den amerikanischen Präsidenten ab, mit dem Hinweis, daß eine solche Beför­derung nicht durch die US-Regierung, sondern nur durch die Regierung von Mississippi möglich sei, da er Angehöriger der State Mi­litia von Mississippi sei.

 

Mit Ehren überhäuft, wurde der Kriegsheld Davis 40 Tage nach Kriegsende als Senator von Mississippi in den US Senat gewählt. Im US Senat gewann er eine führende Position als Vertreter eines Südstaaten-Nationalismus durch Beschränkung der Rechte der US-Re­gierung zugunsten größerer Selbständigkeit der Einzelstaaten. In den Auseinandersetzungen um die neuen Territorien (hier: Frage der Sklaverei bei der Aufnahme von Kalifornien in die Union) drohte Davis daraufhin mit Sezession, verlor 1850 die parlamentarische Abstimmung um den Missouri Compromise gegen die Kompromißpolitik anderer südlicher Politiker um die Senatoren Clay und Webster (vgl. Foote: Civil War, Bd. 1, S. 14), trat wegen dieses "Verrats der eigenen Leute" als Senator zurück, und zog sich, nach­dem er sich vergeblich als Gouverneur von Mississippi gegen Henry S. *Foote, einem Unionist Whig, zur Wahl gestellt hatte, auf die Baumwollplantage seines Bruders in Brierfield / MS zurück.

 

US Präsident Franklin Pierce, Freund und Offizierskamerad aus dem Mexikanischen Krieg, berief Davis 1853 als Secretary of War (von 1853 bis 1857 Kriegsminister der USA) nach Washington. Pierce teilt mit Davis die Abneigung gegen den Abolitionismus. Da­vis hatte inzwischen seine bisherige sezessionistische Haltung geändert, sich von den "Fire-Eaters" abgewandt, und versuchte nun seine Ziele der Gleichberechtigung des Südens unter dem Signum der "State Rights" innerhalb der Union zu erreichen (vgl. Foote: Civil War, Bd. I, S. 14). Davis wird als einer der besten Kriegsminister angesehen, die die USA bis dahin hatten (Foote, Band 1 S. 14). Er verstärkte die Army, reformierte die Militärakademie von West Point, setzte den Bau der transkontinentalen südlichen Ei­senbahn durch, einschließlich des "Gadsen Purchase" (Kauf eines Streifen Landes von Mexiko für die Eisenbahntrasse in den +++NMT+++ )

 

1857 kehrte Davis nach den Präsidentschaftswahlen in den US-Senat zurück. Davis vertrat nach dem Tod Calhoun's als dessen politi­scher Erbe und als der führende ideologische Sprecher der Südens eine anti-abolitionistische prosüdliche Politik. Davis war einer der Betreiber der Sezession der Südstaaten; Senator von Mississippi bis zur Sezession und Vorsitzender des Senatsausschusses für Mili­tärische Fragen; von 1861 bis 1865 Präsident der Konföderation; Davis war selbst West-Point-Absolvent, Offizier, Veteran des Mexi­ko-Krieges und vor dem Krieg US-Kriegsminister; seiner militärischen Erfahrung war es zu verdanken, daß im Süden die Mobilisier­ung und der Aufbau einer eigenen Armee aus dem Nichts schneller voranging als in den Nordstaaten (McPherson S. 306).

 

Davis war als junger Mann angenehm, furchtlos, großzügig, persönlich bescheiden, charmant und seinen Freunden gegenüber unein­geschränkt loyal. Seine Treue für die Sache des Südens war beständig. Als Präsident zeigte er sich stolz, steif, dickköpfig, oft engstir­nig, Kompromissen gegenüber abgeneigt. Diese negativen Qualitäten verhinderten die Entwicklung zu einem wahrhaft großen Präsi­denten.

 

Auch war Davis ieL Militär, nicht Politiker. Davis war im Gegensatz zu Lincoln nicht in der Lage, mit Personen zusammen zu arbei­ten, die er persönlich nicht mochte, wie z.B. Josef E. Johnston oder Beauregard. Diese persönliche Schwäche Davis führte zur Ab­lösung Johnston's während Sherman's Atlanta Campaign, einer der größten Fehler Davis' während des ganzen Krieges (vgl. Catton: Re­flections, a.a.O., S. 149/150)

 

zur kritischen Einschätzung der Lage des Südens und zur allgemeinen Übertreibung der Kampfstärke von CS-Truppen äußerte sich Davis im privaten Kreis gegenüber Mary Chestnut am 27.6.1861; "nur Dummköpfe unterschätzen den Mut der Yankees, .... sie wer­den kämpfen wie die Teufel"; hierbei geht Davis' von einer langen Dauer des Krieges aus (Chestnut, Diary, a.a.O., S. 71)

 

Bei Kriegsende wurde Davis gefangengenommen und blieb zwei Jahre in Haft ohne jemals vor Gericht angeklagt zu werden. Viele einflußreiche Personen aus dem Norden waren gegen einen solchen Rache-Prozeß, darunter der einflußreiche Verleger der New York Tribune und entschiedene Abolitionist Horace Greeley. Der Norden erkannte schließlich, daß ein Prozeß gegen Davis sinnlos war. (vgl. Catton: Reflections, a.a.O., S. 151/152)

 

Davis geschäftliche Aktivitäten nach dem Krieg schlugen fehl, er war in seinen späteren Jahren ein armer Mann. Er lebte in "Beau­voir" einem Haus am Golf von Mexiko, das ihm ein Bewunderer zur Verfügung gestellt hatte. Der Staat Mississippi wollte Davis in den US-Senat entsenden, was jedoch daran scheiterte, daß er sich weigerte von der US-Regierung Pardon zu erbitten. 1881 veröffent­lichte er seine Memoiren unter dem Titel "The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government".

 

Nach der Verhaftung von Davis und seiner Familie im Mai 1865 unternahm eine Gruppe von Offizieren auf dem Dampfer Pontoosuc, einem Begleitschiff des Dampfers Clyde, auf welchem der gefangene Davis nach Washington transportiert wurde, den Versuch zur Ermordung von Davis aus Rache für die Ermordung Präsident Lincoln's. Der ausgewählte Scharfschütze J. J. Kane hatte jedoch in letzter Minute Bedenken und weigerte sich dem Mord auszuführen (vgl. Confederate Veteran Vol I. Juni 1893 S. 145).

 

Strategie Davis':

Davis Strategie im Jahr 1861 ist oft verächtlich beschrieben worden als 'Cordon Defense', als Ergebnis von Davis 'mittelmäßigem strategischem Verständnis' der Forderung für 'local defense' durch die Gouverneure der einzelnen Staaten und der Unfähigkeit der CS-Regierung, eine substantielle Bedrohung durch die US-Truppen im Westen zu akzeptieren. Der einflußreichste Vertreter der An­sicht, Davis habe 1861 keine große umfassende StrategieWoodworth, der meint, daß "although this strategem was undoubtedly used by Albert Sidney Johnston in Kentucky, it is difficult if not impossible to make any connection between it and a deliberate policy of the president". Die Auffassung von Woodworth ist nach anderer Meinung unzutreffend, da sie die schriftlichen Quellen und die schriftlichen Stellungnahmen von Davis vernachlässigt (vgl. Newton: Joseph E. Johnston and the Defense of Richmond, a.a.O., S. 228 Anm. 11). Newton, (a.a.O., S. 27) vertritt die Ansicht, Davis habe 1861 bewußt gepokert, indem er trotz völlig ungenügender Ausrüstung und mangelndem Ausbildungsstand der CS-Truppen seine Generäle angewiesen habe, ihre völlig unterlegenen Truppen so weit wie möglich nach Norden vorzuschieben, mit dem Ziel, durch diesen gewagten Bluff eine große Stärke der CS-Truppen vor­zutäuschen und hierdurch den Norden von einem Vorstoß nach Süden abzuhalten.

 

Charakterisierung von Davis (vgl Freeman: Robert E. Lee, a.a.O., S. 516 ff).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Confederate Veteran, Vol. I January 1893 S. 4/5

- Confederate Veteran Vol. I 1893, S. 105/06 (zur Jugendzeit Jefferson Davis')

- Craven, John J.: Prison Life of Jefferson Davis; Dillingham, NY 1905 (Craven was Jefferson Davis' prison doctor during his confi­nement at Fortress Monroe from 25 May to 25 December 1865 - Details Davis' conversations with Craven on the War and other issu­es)

- Coffey, David: John Bell Hood, a.a.O., Kurzbiographie von Davis S. 19

- Crist, Linda Lasswell und Dix, Mary Seaton (eds.): The Papers of Jefferson Davis (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University, Cha­pel Hill, NC, 1991)

- **Davis, Jefferson: The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government (Appleton / N.Y. 1881; reprint DaCapo Press)

- **Davis, Jefferson: Papers, 1849-1986; 6 linear feet. Correspondence, literary productions, scrapbooks, printed materials, and other documents pertaining to Jeff Davis (1862-1913), governor of Arkansas from 1901 to 1907 and United States senator from 1907 to 1913. Davis was born at Rocky Comfort to a former Confederate army chaplain who named him for the Southern president. Civil War related materials can be found in both the personal and the political papers in the Davis collection. In the family correspondence are twelve letters written between 1859 and 1862 by relatives of Davis's wife, Ina McKenzie Thatch Davis. These letters were written to Ina's mother, Jane E. Norment of Pine Bluff (Jefferson County) from her brother, Wilbur F. Norment, and her future husband, Dun­can G. L. McKenzie. Wilbur was a resident of Washington, D.C., and wrote to Jane from that place on December 9, 1859, and on July 16, 1861. A third letter from Wilbur was written from Camden (Ouachita County) in 1861. Duncan McKenzie was a preacher and wrote nine letters to Jane from Little Rock (Pulaski County) between September 7, 1860, and January 11, 1862, while he was in the city attending religious conferences. Although many of Duncan's letters are personal in nature, he did describe the city's mood du­ring the secession convention of 1861. Among the political papers in the Jeff Davis collection are case files concerning Arkansas resi­dents who asked for the senator's assistance in reparation claims against the Federal government for confiscated and destroyed pro­perty during the Civil War. (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990)

- **Davis, Jefferson: Collection. Chicago Historical Society, Chicago, Illinois

- **Davis, Jefferson: Collection, Museum of the Confederacy, Richmond, Virginia

- **Davis, Jefferson: Miscellaneous Papers. Jefferson Davis Association, Rice University, Houston, Texas

- **Davis, Jefferson: Papers. Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

- **Davis, Jefferson: Papers. Emory University, Atlanta Georgia

- **Davis, Jefferson: Papers. The Huntington, San Marino, California

- **Davis, Jefferson: Papers. Schoff Collection, University of Michigan, Ann Harbor

- **Davis, Jefferson: Papers Record Group 109, National Archives, Washington DC

- **Davis, Jefferson: Papers. Transylvania University, Lexington, Kentucky

- **Davis, Jefferson: Papers. Louisiana Historical Association Collection, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana

- **Davis, Jefferson and Varina: Collection, Series 2, Private Manuscripts, Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Jackson

- **Davis, Varina Howell: Jefferson Davis Ex-President Confederate States: A Memorial by his Wife (2 Volume Set - New York 1890)

- **Dunbar, Rowland (comp.): Jefferson Davis Constitutionalist: His Letters, Papers and Speeches, 10 vols. (Jackson, Miss., 1923)

- Meade, Robert Douthat: "The Relations Between Judah P. Benjamin and Jefferson Davis: Some New Light on the Working of the Confederate Machine." Journal of Southern History 5, no. 4 (November 1939), S. 367-79

- Monroe, Haskell M. und James T. McIntosh (eds.): Proceedings of a General Court Martial - Third Day Trial of Jefferson Davis; in: The Papers of Jefferson Davis, Bd. I [Baton Rouge, 1971]

- Monroe, Haskell, James T. McIntosh, Lynda L. Christ and Mary S. Dix: Jefferson Davis - THE PAPERS OF JEFFERSON DAVIS - An eight volume set published starting 1971 through 1994 by Louisiana State University and edited by several Davis scholars - a must-have resource for the serious student of Jefferson Davis

- Patrick, Rembert W.: Jefferson Davis and His Cabinet (Baton Rouge, La..: Louisiana State University Pres, 1944)

- Rowland, Dunbar (ed.): Jefferson Davis - JEFFERSON DAVIS CONSTITUTIONALIST: HIS LETTERS, PAPERS, AND SPEE­CHES, 10 Volumes, Jackson, Miss. 1923 (Ten Volumes of details on the life and accomplishments of the President of the Confederate States of America. Learn more about the man who led the South on her bid for freedom). Anm. McPherson: Für die Freiheit...., a.a.O., S. 958: Rowlands Ausgabe für die Zeit bis 1855 ist überholt; an ihre Stelle ist die Ausgabe von Monroe getreten.

- Strode, Hudson (ed.): Jefferson Davis - PRIVATE LETTERS 1823-1889 - DaCapo Press - Edited by Hudson Strode - 604 pp

- Strode, Hudson: Jefferson Davis - American Patriot, Harcourt Brace, NY 1955

- Strode, Hudson: Jefferson Davis - Tragic Hero, Harcourt Brace -NY 1964

- Woodworth, Steven E.: Davis and Lee At War (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1995)

 

 

Davis, Jefferson C.:

US-MajGen, bei Kriegsausbruch war Lieutenant Davis in Fort Sumter stationiert (vgl. Doubleday, Abner: From Moultrie to Sumter, in. B & L Vol. 1 S. 45) und wurde bei der Übergabe gefangengenommen; nach seinem Austausch ging Davis nach Indiana, wo er Col der 22nd Indiana Infantry wurde; auf Befehl Frémont's löste Davis Ende August 1861 US Grant als Kommandeur der US-Kräfte in *Jefferson City, Mo ab (vgl. Catton: Grant Moves South, a.a.O., S. 36); zu seinem Treffen mit BrigGen Grant am 28. August 1861 in Jefferson City: vgl. Grant, Memoirs, a.a.O., S. 137nd Sherman's Angriff auf Atlanta. Die Division umfaßte die Brigaden Dan *Mc­Cook (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 128), +++weiter+++

 

Während der konf. Invasion in Kentucky im September 1862 wurde US-BrigGen Jefferson Davis von MajGen Wiliam *Nelson, da­mals Kommandeur der Army of Kentucky in Gen. Buell's Department of Ohio während the defense of Louisville, Kentucky, in Sep­tember 1862, wegen his disdain lackadaisical behavior (wegen verächtlichen und nachlässigen Verhaltens) led Nelson to angrily dis­miss Union Brigadier General Jefferson C. Davis from his corps after a battle (vgl. Catton: Glory Road, a.a.O., S. 9; vgl. www.fin­dagrave. com; vgl. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 226). Davis wurde in den Norden von Ohio versetzt with an official re­buke spattered across his service record. As a good Hoosier, Davis had gone at once to Indianapolis to see Governor Oliver P. *Mor­ton. Governor Morton hielt Gen. Buell für die US-Niederlagen in Kentucky verantwortlich und eilte persönlich (da die Gefahr be­stand, ganz Kentucky an die CSA zu verlieren) nach Louisville (vgl. Kelly, a.a.O., S. 376; Thornbrough: Indiana in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 151) „looking for trouble“. Hierbei wurde er von BrigGen Davis begleitet (vgl. Catton: Glory Road, a.a.O., S. 9). Am Morgen des 29.9.1862 kam es zu einer harten Auseinandersetzung zwischen MajGen Nelson und General Jef­ferson C. Davis in Galt House, Louisville, Ky (vgl. Catton: Glory Road, a.a.O., S. 9). Daraufhin crumpled Davis a card und threw it in Nelson's face (vgl. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 226), whereupon Nelson ihn in aller Öffentlichkeit geohrfeigte. Nachdem Nelson danach den Ort der Auseinandersetzung, das Galt Hotel in Louisville/Ky verlassen hatte, borrowed Jefferson Davis a revolver from an aide, strode after Nelson, called to him, and when Nelson turned around, shot him dead (vgl. Catton: Glory Road, a.a.O., S. 9; vgl. auch Buell: B&L, a.a.O., vol. III, S. 43).

 

Davis wurde für den Totschlag an MajGen William Nelson niemals zur Rechenschaft gezogen and shortly restored to active duty, partly on his military abilities and partly on the political influence of Gov. Oliver P. Morton (vgl. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 226). Davis befand sich kurzzeitig in militärischer Haft. General Buell, der Oberkommandierende im Department of the Ohio (der bald seines Kommandos enthoben wurde, was nicht im Zusammenhang mit Davis Tat steht) requested von US-Generalst­abschef Halleck to appoint a military court to try Davis for murder. The subject was considered at Washington, and late in October Secretary of the Navy, Welles, noted that the case was discussed by the Cabinet. But in the end Davis was released to the civil autho­rities, a grand jury refused to vote an indictment, and any Union general who meditated upon the matter was bound to conclude that this governor Morton was a man of very solid and far-reaching influence (vgl. Catton: Glory Road, a.a.O., S. 10).

 

Born in Clark County, Indiana, he was still in school at age 18, when he enlisted in the 3rd Indiana Infantry Regiment. He served in the War with Mexico and for gallant conduct at Buena Vista, he was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant in the 1st US Artillery. In Februa­ry 1852, he was promoted 1st Lieutenant and in August 1858, he was assigned to Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina beco­ming the fort's first commander. With the start of the Civil War, he was promoted Captain and on August 1, 1861, Indiana Governor Oliver P. Morton appointed Davis Colonel of the 22nd Indiana Infantry Regiment. He commanded a Brigade at Wilson's Creek, com­manded the 3rd Division of the Army of the Southwest at Pea Ridge and the 4th Division of the Army of Mississippi at Corinth. In May 1862, He was promoted to Brigadier General of volunteers in May 1862. On September 29, 1862, Davis confronted his former commander, Major General William Nelson, in the lobby of the Galt House in Louisville, Kentucky. In retaliation for a personal in­sult, Davis shot and killed Nelson. Davis was arrested and imprisoned, but with the strong support of the Indiana Governor, he was released and returned to duty. He commanded the 1st Division XIV Corps at Murfreesboro and the 1st Division XX Corps at Chicka­mauga. He also commanded the 2nd Division XIV Corps during the Atlanta Campaign and for his war service was brevetted Major General on March 13, 1865. After the war he remained in the Army, was assigned as Colonel in command of the 23rd Infantry and served in the Pacific Northwest and Alaska. He was still on active duty when he died at age 51 in Chicago, Illinois (bio by:John "J-Cat" Griffith; in www.findagrave,com) .

 

2.3.1828- † 30.11.1879 Chicago/Ill.; beerd. Crown Hill Cemetery, Indianapolis/Indiana; °° Marietta A. Athon Davis (vgl. findagrave. com).

 

Photo:

MajGen Jefferson C. Davis (vgl. www.findagrave).

 

Photos:

- Bailey, Battles for Atlanta (Time Life), a.a.O., S. 22

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, a.a.O., S. 91 (1861 als Lt in Fort Sumter)

- Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 122

 

 

Davis, John A.:

US-Col; 46th Illinois Infantry. Teilnahme am Battle of Shiloh am 6./7.4.1862 unter Führung von Col John A. Davis im Rahmen der 2nd Brigade Col James Veach 4th Division BrigGen Stephen A. Hurlbutt in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 59-30; Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh, B & L, a.a.O., I, S. 538). Die Brigade Veach geriet am 6.4.1862 nördlich der Purdy-Hamburg Road gegen 11:00 in den Angriff des III. Army Corps MajGen William J. Hardee 3rd Brigade BrigGen Sterling A. M. Wood. Die Brigade Wood hatte zunächst die US-Brigade Marsh geschlagen und war durchgebrochen; sie stieß auf die dahinter aufgestellte Brigade Veach (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 182).

 

 

Davis, Joseph R.:

CS-BrigGen; Neffe von Präsident Jefferson Davis; Brigadekommandeur von Davis Mississippi Brigade; his brigade was almost anni­hilated at Gettysburg, these men went on to fight until Appomattox and were the smallest brigade to surrender.

 

Die Ernennung von Davis war umstritten. Sie basierte im wesentlichen auf seiner Verwandschaft zum CS-Präsidenten, weniger auf seiner Qualifikation. Er war vor dem Krieg Politiker und Rechtsanwalt und nur geringe militärische Erfahrung. Deshalb war seine Beförderung zum BrigGen zunächst vom CS-Senat abgelehnt worden unter dem Hinweis auf Nepotismus. Er wurde schließlich am 15.9.1862 zum BrigGen befördert, wobei sein Ernennung zum Brigadekommandeur und Einsatz im Feld eine politische Kontroverse auslöste (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 61-62).

 

1863 im Battle of Gettysburg zugehörig zu Henry Heth's Division III Army Corps LtGen Ambrose A. Hill Lee’s Army of the Poto­mac. Die Brigade bestand aus folgenden Regimentern (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 463):

- 2nd Mississippi Infantry Col J. M. Stone

- 11th Mississippi Infantry Col F. M. Green

- 42nd Mississippi Infantry Col H. R. Miller

- 55th North Carolina Infantry Col J. K. Connally

 

The two first were veteran. They had fought often and always well. The 42nd Mississippi and 55th North Carolina were full re­giments, Gettysburg being their first battle of importance (Einsatz bei der Railroad Cut; vgl. Tsouras, Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 16). The two first named served in Law's brigade of Hood's division at Sharpsburg or Antietam, where they greatly distinguished themselves, as they had before at First Manassas and Gain's Mill. The 11th Mississippi was the only fresh regiment outside of Pickett's division that took part in the assault of July 3rd, so all of its loss occurred on that day, that loss being 202 killed and wounded. The number they carried in is variously stated at from 300 to 350. If the one, the percentage of their loss was 67, if the other, 57 (aus Bond, Mi­lAmerik7, S. 20).

 

Entering the Confederate service as Captain of Militia from Madison County, Mississippi, Davis was soon made Lieutenant-Colo­nel of the Tenth Regiment, Mississippi Volunteers, after which he served on his uncle's staff in Richmond as an aide de camp with the rank of Colonel of Cavalry. Commissioned a brigadier-general to rank from September 15, 1862, and confirmed by the Sena­te only after charges of nepotism were freely aired and his nomination once rejected, Davis was assigned a brigade in Heth's Divisi­on, Army of Northern Virginia, which he led through some of the bitterest battles of the war. He fought at Gettysburg (where his command formed a support to Pickett in the celebrated third day), in the Wilderness Campaign, and at the siege of Petersburg (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_R._Davis).

 

In Gettysburg betrug die Stärke der Brigade: 2577 Mann in 4 Regimentern (Dawes, Service with the Sixth Wisconsin, a.a.O., S 171). Davis’ Brigade war die stärkste Brigade in Heth Division (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 61).

 

Paroled at Appomattox on April 9, 1865, Brigadier-General Davis returned to Mississippi. He died September 15, 1896 and is buried at Biloxi Cemetery (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_R._Davis).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Davis, Joseph R.: Letter to Jubal A. Early, 12.3.1878; Early Papers, Library of the Congress

- OR27.2.649 (Davis's Report zu den Ereignissen am 1.7.1863 in Gettysburg)

- Williams, Thomas P. Williams: The Mississippi Brigade of BrigGen Joseph R. Davis (Morningside); 291 pp; Index; Rosters; Photos

 

 

Davis, Nicholas A.:

CS-Chaplain; 4th Texas Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Davis, Nicholas A. (4th Texas Vols): Chaplain Davis and Hood's Texas Brigade (LSU Press; Reprint of 1863 Original). Edited by Donald Everett with a New Foreword by

Robert K. Krick; 256 pp. Davis wrote his diary two years into the bitter fighting of the war, detailing religion in the field, duties of chaplains, conditions of wounded men and wartime Richmond; Index; Notes; Muster Rolls; Casualty Lists

- Davis, Nicholas A., Rev.: The Campaign from Texas to Maryland with the Battle of Fredericksburg (The Steck Company, Austin, TX 1961; facsimile edition of 1863 Original); 168 pp. Davis wrote his reminiscences & a partial history of the Fourth Texas Infantry Regiment during the war years & became one of the two Texans in Confederate Army to publish his reminiscences & history during the critical war years 1861 to 1865.

 

 

Davis, Joseph:

CS-Col; Neffe von CS-Präsident Jefferson Davis (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 16).

 

 

Davis, K. Martin:

US-Sergeant; Co. H, 116th Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 21).

 

Davis erhielt am 26.7.1894 die Medal of Honor für seinen Einsatz bei Vicksburg for „Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party." (vgl. National Park, Medal of Honor Recipients, K. Martin Davis)

 

 

Davis, Reed:

US-Pvt; Co. B, 8th Regiment Illinois Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 21; vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 393, dort irrig zugeordnet 8th Illinois Infantry).

 

 

Davis, Sam:

CS-PVT; Spy und Scout; Davis served with the 1st Tennessee Infantry in West Virginia and Shiloh, serving with Jackson's Foot Ca­valry before joining Coleman's Scouts; Davis diente als Kurier für den berüchtigten CS-Spion Shaw, der den Decknamen 'Coleman' verwendete (vgl. Markle, a.a.O., S. 22).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Frantz, Mabel Goode: Full Many a Name: The Story of Sam Davis, Scout and Spy C. S. A. (McCowat-Mercer, Jackson TN, 1961)

- Markle, Donald: Spies and Spymasters, a.a.O., S. 22

 

 

Davis, Sidney Morris:

US-Pvt, Co. F, 6th US Cavalry (Regular Army) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M233 Roll 27); Davis was captured near Gettysburg and imprisoned at Belle Island in Richmond.

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Davis, Sidney Morris (6th U.S. Cavalry): Common Soldier, Uncommon War: Life as a Cavalryman in the Civil War (The SMD Group, 1994); Edited by John H. Davis Jr; 526 pp. A revealing look at the common cavalryman in the war.

 

 

Davis, Varina:

Ehefrau von Präsident Jefferson Davis; First Lady der CSA; geborene Howell

 

 

Davis, W. F.:

CS-+++; aus Charlottesville / Va. (?); Carrington's Battery

 

Documents/Literature::

- Davis, W. F.: Memoir. Typescript of unpublished postwar manuscript of W. F. Davis of Carrington's Battery entitled "Recollections, 1839-1864" (in possession of J. Harvey Bailey, Charlottesville, Va. [vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 572).

 

 

Davis, William C.:

CS-Pvt; zunächst 8th North Carolina Infantry Regiment; dann Co. F, 18th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Sol­diers M230 Roll 10)

 

 

Davis, William C.:

CS-Pvt; Co. E, 48th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 10)

 

 

Davis, William G.:

US-Pvt; Co. E, 2nd Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 7).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- Davis, William G.: Letters. Second Wisconsin Infantry File. Library, Manassas National Battlefield Park, Manassas, VA

 

 

Davis, William H.:

US-Sergeant, Co. K, 83rd Ohio Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 15); later Secretary Treasurer of the 83rd Association. Davis schenkte seinem Sohn eine Kopie des Buches von Marshall in Utica / New York am 18.9.1913.

 

Documents/Literature::

- Marshall, Thomas B.: History of the 83rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry. The Greyhound Regiment (Cincinnati 1912)

 

 

Davis, William J.:

CS-Captain, AAG 1st Brigade (Duke's Brigade), John Hunt Morgan's Cavalry Division; Teilnahme an Morgan's Raid nach Kentucky und Ohio im Juli 1863; Davis unternahm am 7.7.1863 eine Aufklärung Richtung Louisville / Kentucky. Hierdurch versuchte Morgan einen bevorstehenden Angriff auf Louisville vorzutäuschen und von seinem Übersetzen über den Ohio River im ca. 50 Meilen west­lich gelegenen Brandenburg / Kentucky abzulenken (vgl. Horwitz, Longest Raid, a.a.O., S. 40).

 

 

Dawenport, Alfred:

US-+++; 5th New York Infantry Regiment

 

Documents/Literature::

- Davenport, Alfred (5th New York): Camp and Field Life of the Fifth New York Infantry (Duryee Zouaves) (Olde Soldier Books - Reprint of 1879 Edition), 497 pp, Photos, Illustrated, Index, New Introduction. A Great Regimental! The 5th, always colorful in scar­let trousers and fez fought at Big Bethel, Peninsula, 2nd Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville before being muster­ed out in May, 1863. Nevins says "This thoroughly useful narrative, based on diaries and letters, covers admirably the exploits of a regiment that saw valiant service through Chancellorsville

 

 

Dawes, Ephraim:

US-Lt; 53rd Ohio Infantry; 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh war Dawes Regimentsadjutant der 53rd Ohio Infantry (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 159).

 

 

Dawes, Rufus R.:

US-BrigGen; geb. 1838 in Morgan County /OH. zeitweise Major, dann Colonel in 6th Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. Nolan/Vipond: Giants in their Black Hats, a.a.O., S. 70); verheiratet seit 1864 mit Mary Beman Gates (vgl. Herdegen: The Men stood like Iron, a.a.O., S. 7-9); Teilnahme am Battle of Gettysburg als Col 6th Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 101).

 

Neffe von William P. Cutler (US-Politiker im Ohio-Repräsentantenhaus; Bruder von Dawes' Mutter; Brief von Dawes' Mutter, Sarah Cutler Dawes, vom 28.4.1861, abgedruckt bei Dawes: Service with the Sixth Wisconsin, a.a.O., S. 7). Sohn von Henry Dawes (1804-1867) und Sarah Cutler Dawes 1809-1896) (vgl. www.findagrave. com).

 

4.7.1838 Malta, Morgan County/Ohio - † 1.8.1899 Marietta, Washington County/Ohio, beerd. Oak Grove Cemetery, Marietta/Ohio; °° mit Mary Beman Gates Dawes; Vater des US-Vizepräsidenten (1925-29, during the second administration of President Coolidge) (vgl. findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

- Herdegen/Beaudot: In the Bloody Railroad Cut, a.a.O., S. xvi: Dawes als Captain

 

Documents/Literature::

- Beech (Dawes), Mary Frances: "Mary Beman Gates Dawes" (Ehefrau von Rufus R. Dawes), in: Mary Walton Ferris, compiler, "Dawes-Gates Ancestral Lines, A Memorial Volume Containing the American Ancestry of Mary Beman Gates-Dawes,", vol 2 (pri­vately printed, 1931)

- Dawes, Rufus R.: Skirmishes of the Rappahannock and Battle of Gainesville, T.C.H. Smith Manuscript, Ohio Historical Society, Columbus Ohio

- Dawes, Rufus R.: „On the Right at Antietam.“ In Service with the Sixth Wisconsin Volunteers. Edited by Alan T. Nolan. Dayton: Morningside Press 1984- Brevet Brigadier General Rufus R. Dawes.

- Dawes, Rufus R.: Service with the Sixth Wisconsin (Marietta, Ohio: E. R. Alderman & Sons, 1890. Reprinted by Morningside Hou­se) (PDF-Datei, Archiv Ref, ameridownload, Dawes, Rufus, servsixthwiscon00-da­werich)

- Dawes, Rufus R.: A Full Blown Yankee of the Iron Brigade: Service with 6th Wisconsin, Reprint 1962 der Originalausgabe Marietta / OH: E. R. Alderman, 1890, Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik5a

- Dawes, Rufus: "Align on the Colors," (zum Angriff auf den Bloody Railroad Cut bei Gettysburg am 1.7.1863); Milwaukee Sunday Telegraph, 27. April 1890

- Dawes, Rufus: Letter to John Bachelder, 18. March 1868, Bachelder Papers, New Hampshire Historical Society, Concord, New Hampshire

- Dawes, Rufus R.: „Sketches of War History.“ Military Order of the Loyal legion of the United States, Commandery of the State of Ohio, War Papers, Vol. III (Reprinted in: Service with Sixth Wisconsin Volunteers, Dayton/OH, 1984)

 

 

Dawson, Francis:

CS-Captain: Purcell's Battery; Teilnahme an Lee's Gettysburg Campaign (vgl. Freeman: Robert E. Lee, a.a.O., vol III S. 53)

 

Documents/Literature::

- Dawson, Francis (Captain, Purcell's Battery): Reminiscenses of Confederate Service 1861-1865 (LSU Press; edited by Bell Wiley; Reprint of Scarce 1882 printing of

which only 100 copies were produced); 214 pp

 

 

Dawson, M. M.:

US-LtCol; Regimentskommandeur 100th Pennsylvania Infantry; Dawson war während Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 1863 Nachfol­ger von Col Daniel *Leasure, der zum Brigadekommandeur der 3rd Brigade 1st Division Welsh befördert worden war (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg vol. III, S. 1145).

 

 

Dawson, N. H. R.:

CS-Captain Co C 4th Alabama Infantry; dropped 21.4.1862

 

 

Day, D. L.:

US-+++; 25th Massachusetts Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Day, D. L.: My Diary of Rambles with the 25th Mass Volunteer Infantry with Burnsides Coast Division, 18th Army Corps, and Army of the James ( Milford, Mass 1884); 153 pp; Nevins calls this "A full and illuminating diary, with many insights and much phi­losophizing."

 

 

Day, Elmore:

US-+++; 36th Illinois Infantry (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 398)

 

Documents/Literature::

- Day, Elmore: Letters (Chicago Historical Society, Chicago / Illinois)

 

 

Day, James Battersley:

US-+++; 1st Illinois Artillery (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 389)

 

 

Day, S. B.:

CS-Lt; 1st Mississippi Cavalry (Col *Denis); Teilnahme an Van Dorn's Raid nach Holly Springs vom 20.12.1862; Day führte die Vorhut von Col Denis 1st Mississippi Cavalry beim Angriff auf Holly Springs (vgl. Bearss, Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., I 297).

 

 

Day, William A.:

CS-Pvt; 49th North Carolina Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Day, William A. Day (Pvt, 49th North Carolina): A True History of Co. I, 49th Regiment, North Carolina Troops (Butternut and Blue; Reprint der Originalausgabe von 1893); 141 pages; Photos, Index

 

 

Dayne, E. B.:

US-LtCol; 37th Illinois Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- White, Julius: Letter, September 5, 1868; 1 item. Letter, signed by Lt. Colonel E. B. Dayne, First Lieutenant E. P. Messer, and Cap­tain E. N. B. Messer, of the Thirty-seventh Illinois Volunteer Infantry, all of Lake County, Illinois, testifying to the favorable conduct of Brigadier General Julius White during the battle of Pea Ridge (Benton County) on March 6-8, 1862. Apparently written during a post-war political campaign, this letter refutes allegations made against White, accusing him of cowardice during the fight (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990)

 

 

Dayton, +++

US-Botschafter in Frankreich; Carl *Schurz, 1861 zum US-Botschafter in Spanien ernannt, schildert sein Zusammentreffen mit Day­ton, bei Schurz' Reise zum Dienstantritt (vgl. Schurz, Reminiscenses, a.a.O., vol. 2, S. 175)

 

 

Dean, Benjamin D.:

US-Col; 26st Missouri Infantry Regiment

 

In 1861, Col. Dean was living at Union, Franklin county, Missouri, and had raised a company of seventy men (F) for the 26th Missour­i Infantry, and was commissioned as Captain. This work was completed about December 20, 1861, and the recruits were en­camped at Sullivan, on the railroad for a time, and then proceeded to Pacific, MO., where they were joined by four companies recrui­ted by Col. George B. Boomer, in Gasconade, Osage and Maries counties. The command then proceeded to St. Louis, and at McDo­well’s College on December 31st, 1861, was mustered into the United States’ service for three years.

 

Photo:

Frontis of Recollections of the 26st Missouri Infantry

 

 

Literatur

- Dean, Benjamin D. (Col. 26st Missouri Infantry): Recollections of the 26st Missouri Infantry in the War of the Union, printed at the Southwest Missourian Office 1892

 

 

Dean, F. J.:

US-+++; an ihn schrieb Capt. Nathaniel Lyon ein Memorandum betreffend die Gefahr für das St. Louis Arsenal (vgl. Brooksher, Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 42)

 

 

Dean, Henry Stewart:

US-Pvt; 19th Michigan Infantry (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 385)

 

Documents/Literature::

- Dean, Henry Stewart: Diary 1864 (Michigan Historical Collections, Bentley Library, University of Michigan, Ann Harbor)

 

 

Dean, James (John) M.:

CS-LtCol; auch als John M. Dean bezeichnet; 7th Arkansas Infantry; im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh gehörte die 7th Ar­kansas Infantry zur 1st Brigade BrigGen Thomas C. Hindman (geführt von Col *Shaver) III. Army Corps MajGen William J. Hardee in A. S. Johnston’s Army of the Mississippi (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 321; Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh; in: B&L I 539). Teilnahme am ersten Angriff in Shiloh am 6.4.1862 bei Seay’s Field rechts der Straße (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 150 mit Karte S. 146).

 

 

Dean, Samuel V.:

US-Captain; Co. K, 145th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 27).

 

1.1.1825 - † 14.11.1900; beerd. Humansville Cemetery, Polk County, Missouri; Inschrift auf dem Grabstein: „Capt. Samuel V. Dean, Co. K, 115th Regt. Penn. Vol.. Husband of Harriet A. Dean“ (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 1.6.2016).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- Dean, Samuel V.: Dean Letters; FSHMP (Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park, VA); darunter Dean to his wife , vom 22.12.1862 (after the battle of Fredericksburg)

 

 

Dearing, James:

CS-+++Gen; während McClellans Peninsula Campaign im April 1862 war Captain Dearing Batterie-Chef in BrigGen Pickett's Game Cock Brigade (vgl. Longacre: Pickett, a.a.O., S. 66).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., S. 140, 728, 753, 779, 797

- Parker, William L.: General James Dearing, CSA (Lynchburg, Va.: H. E. Howard, Inc., 1990)

 

Photos:

- Longacre: Pickett, a.a.O., S. 66

 

 

Deas, George:

CS-Col; Vorkriegszeit: Berufsoffizier und Inspector der US-Army (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., S. 55).

 

 

Deas, Zacharias Cantey:

CS-BrigGen; October 25, 1819 – March 6, 1882) was a prominent Southern United States cotton broker and soldier. He served as a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.

 

Deas was born in Camden, South Carolina, a son of James Sutherland Deas and Margaret Rebecca (Chestnut) Deas. He was a cousin of future fellow Confederate general James Chesnut, Jr.. He was educated in South Carolina and in Caudebec, France. In 1835, his family moved to Mobile, Alabama, where he initially engaged in the mercantile business. He served in the army during the Mexican-American War. After the war, he became a prominent cotton broker in Alabama and amassed a significant fortune from his speculati­on. He married Helen Gaines Lyon on May 16, 1853 (aus https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zachariah_C._Deas).

 

With the passage of Alabama's ordinance of secession, Deas enlisted in the Confederate army in the Alabama Volunteer Infantry. He served as aide-de-camp to General Joseph E. Johnston during the First Battle of Manassas. He was commissioned as colonel of the 22nd Alabama Infantry, a regiment he helped raise and equip, purchasing 800 Enfield rifles with gold. He led his men at the Battle of Shiloh, where assumed command of the brigade on the first day of fighting before falling with a severe wound the following day (aus https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zachariah_C._Deas).

 

After recovering. he commanded a brigade under General Braxton Bragg in the Kentucky Campaign. His command consisted of the 19th Alabama, 22nd Alabama, 25th Alabama, 39th Alabama, 50th Alabama, 17th Alabama Battalion Sharpshooters, and Dent's Ala­bama Battery. He was appointed as a brigadier general on December 13, 1862, and fought at the Battle of Chickamauga, where his men routed the Union division of Philip H. Sheridan and killed Brig. Gen. William H. Lytle. They also captured seven­teen artillery  pie­ces (aus https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zachariah_C._Deas).

 

Deas continued to lead his brigade through the Atlanta Campaign and the subsequent fighting in Tennessee, where he was again wounded at the Battle of Franklin. He participated in the Carolinas Campaign, but took ill at Raleigh, North Carolina, in March 1865 and had to leave his field command prior to the surrender at Bennett Place (aus https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zachariah_C._Deas).

 

After the war, Deas returned to his cotton brokerage. He owned a seat on the New York Stock Exchange (aus https://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/ Zachariah_C._Deas).

 

Photo:

BrigGen Zacharias C. Deas (vgl. http://generalsandbrevets.com/confederate-d/)

 

 

Deason, John B.:

CS-Col; 1861 Regimentskommandeur 3rd Mississippi Infantry (vgl. Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies, Mississippi, a.a.O., Nr. 142).

 

 

Deaton, Noah:

CS-Pvt, Co. H, 26th North Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 10; vgl Hess: Lee's Tar Heels, a.a.O., S. 6 mit Anm. 354). 26.10.1838 - † 24.3.1922; beerd. Union Presbytarian Church Cemetery, Carthage, Moore County, NC. °° mit Sarah Jane McDonald Deaton (1840-1909); Vater von Neill McDonald Deaton und Flora Margaret Deaton (http://www. findagrave.com).

 

Deaton was captured at the Battle of Bristoe Station am 14.10.1863 and was not paroled until nearly the end of the war (vgl Hess: Lee's Tar Heels, a.a.O., S. 6 mit Anm. 354)

 

 

Deaton, Spencer:

US-Captain; Co. B, 6th Regiment Tennessee Infantry (National Park Soldiers M392 Roll 4); Deaton was also a civilian pilot, who led many refugees from Tennessee through the CS-lines to Kentucky. Deaton, a Knox County loyalist was captured in 1864 and carried to Richmond, where he was tried and hanged as a spy in Castle Thunder (Fisher: War at every Door, p. 65; Temple: East Tennessee and the Civil War, p.426).

 

 

De Blanc, Alcibiades:

CS-Captain, 8th Louisiana Infantry

 

Photo:

- Milhollen / Kaplan: Divided We Fought, a.a.O., S. 63

 

 

De Bow, James B. D.:

CS-Verleger; tat sich als Verfechter der Diversifikation, des wirtschaftlichen Aufschwungs und der wirtschaftlichen Unabhängigkeit im Süden hervor; 1846 hatte De Bow in New Orleans eine Zeitschrift mit dem Titel "Commercial Review of the South and West" (bekannt als De Bow's Review) herausgegeben, die für die Industrialisierung und wirtschaftliche Unabhängigkeit des Südens eintrat (vgl. McPherson: Für die Freiheit, a.a.O., S. 85; Nevins, Emergence of Lincoln, vol. I, a.a.O., S. 226). De Bow war eine der wich­tigsten Stimmen des Südens, die die Ansicht der wirtschaftlichen Unterdrückung des Südens durch den Norden vertraten (vgl. Ran­dall: Civil War and Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 113)

 

 

De Clouet, Alexander:

CS-Politiker aus Louisiana; geboren 1803; reicher Plantagenbesitzer und Sklavenhalter in Lafayette Parish / Louisiana; Mitglied der Whig Party; Abgeordneter im Louisiana House of Representatives; einflußreicher Delegierter des Staates Louisiana auf der CS-Con­vention vom Februar 1861 in Montgomery / Alabama (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 19, 58, 61).

 

Vater von Paul Clouet (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 268).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- De Clouet, Alexander: Papers. T. B. Favrot Collection. Dupre Library, Southwestern Archives and Manuscript Collection, University of Southwestern Louisiana, Lafayette

 

 

De Courcy, John F.:

US-Col; Brigadekommandeur in Morgan's Division während Grant / Sherman Vicksburg Campaign im Dezember 1862. De Courcy's Brigade bildete die Vorhut von Morgan's Division nach der Landung am Yazoo River vor dem Battle of Chickasaw Bluffs (vgl. Bear­ss, Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., I 159).

 

 

De Forest, John William:

US-Captain; Co. I, 12th Regiment Connecticut Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 4).

 

Autor und Novellist; 12th Connecticut Infantry; Battle of Georgia Landing nahe Labadieville / Louisiana am 27.10.1862 (vgl. Nos­worthy: Bloody Crucible, a.a.O., S. 8, 221, 248; vgl. Griffith: Battle Tactics, a.a.O., S. 16).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **De Forest, John W.: A Volunteer's Adventures: A Union Captain's Record of the Civil War (Yale University Press, 1946; reprinted Ar­chon Books, New York, 1970); ed. J. H. Croushore. Written by a novelist, these memoirs of 12th Connecticut Volunteers are probably the nearest thing we have to 'faction' that is nevertheless hard fact. Few books of the era can say as much (vgl. Griffith, Paddy: Battle Tactics, a.a.O., S. 223 Anm. Forest)

 

 

De Forest, Othneil:

US-Col; Regimentskommandeur 5th New York Cavalry (vgl. Longacre: Lincoln's Cavalrymen, a.a.O., S. 66); 2.8.1862 Cavalry Skir­mish in Orange Court House gegen die 7th Virginia Cavalry (*Laurel Brigade) unter William E. "Grumble" *Jones (vgl. Krick, Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 9; OR 12 [2], 111-114; 181-182).

 

1863 war De Forest Brigadekommandeur in Julius Stahel's Cavalry Division, die zum Department of Washington gehörte, aber in Virginia eingesetzt war. Erst Ende Juni 1863 wurde Stahel abgelöst und seine Cavalry Division zum Cavalry Corps Pleasonton's, Army of the Potomac zugeordnet.

 

Documents/Literature::

- Beaudry, Louis N. (5th NY Cavalry): War Journal of Louis N. Beaudry, 5th New York Cavalry: The Diary of a Union Chaplain, Commencing February 16, 1863 (McFarland Publishing); Details of Gettysburg and other battles of the 5th New York Cavalry from 1863 to 1865. Only 167 of the original members of this regiment remained at war's end, some 114 having died in Confederate pri­sons. Beaudry wrote the Regimental History of the 5th Cavalry using many of these same diary entries.

- Beaudry, Louis N.: Historic Records of the Fifth New York Cavalry (Albany: New York, 1865)

 

 

DeHaas, Wills:

US-Col; auch "DeHass"; 77th Ohio Infantry (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 138). Im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh war de Haas LtCol und Regimentskommandeur der 77th Ohio Infantry (vgl. Grant, U. S.: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh; in: B&L, vol. I, a.a.O., S. 538); das Regiment gehörte das Regiment zur 3rd Brigade Col Jesse Hildebrand 5th Division BrigGen William T. Sherman in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 320, 131; Grant, U. S.: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh; in: B&L, vol. I, a.a.O., S. 538).

 

Documents/Literature::

- DeHaas, Wills: "Battle of Shiloh;" in: Annals of the War (Dayton, 1988), S. 677-693

 

 

Deitzler, George W.:

US-MajGen; 30.11.1826 Pine Grove, Penn. - 11.4.1884; seit 1855 Farmer in Lawrence, Kansas; Politiker, Gegner der Sklaverei; im 'Wakarusa War' (vgl. Randall: Civil War and Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 137.; Robinson, Charles: The Kansas Conflict, New York 1892; Robinson, Sara: "The Wakarusa War", Kansas Historical Review, X [1907-08], S. 457-71) in Kansas war Deitzler aide-de-camp des Kommandeurs der Free State Forces, und zeitweise selbst Kommandeur dieser Truppen (vgl. Warner, a.a.O., S. 116); Spea­ker im House of Representatives von Kansas, dann Senator; 1860 Bürgermeister von Lawrence; stellte bei Kriegsausbruch die 1st Kansas Infantry auf; Col 1st Kansas Infantry; im Battle of Wilson's Creek (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 12, 128) schwer­verwundet; nach seiner Genesung BrigGen seit 4.4.1863 (aA Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., I 74, wonach Deitzler bereits im November 1862 BrigGen War).

 

Während Grant's First Vicksburg Campaign war Deitzler Brigadekommandeur in MajGen Hamilton's Left wing. Deitzler wurde mit 4 Infanterieregimentern Anfang Dezember 1862 eingesetzt zur Verstärkung von Col Albert *Lee's Cavalry bei der Überquerung des Tullahatchie River ostwärts *Abbeville an der Eisenbahnbrücke der Mississippi Central Railroad (vgl. Bearss, a.a.O., I 74).

 

Col Albert Lindley Lee's Cavalry Brigade befand sich am 29.11.1862 während Grant’s Overland Campaign in *Ebenezer Church / Mississippi, und stieß, verstärkt durch BrigGen George W. Deitzler's Infantry Brigade, nach Süden zu den Tallahatchie-Brücken vor (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vol. I S. 74).

 

Während der Vicksburg Campaign Brigadekommandeur in John McArthur's Division XVII Corps bei Lake Providence; nach Erkran­kung zurückgetreten am 27.8.1863. 1864 als MajGen Kommandeur der Kansas Militia

 

Documents/Literature::

- Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 12

- Warner, Generals in Blue, a.a.O., S. 116

 

 

De Korporay, Gabriel:

US-Col; 28th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment; trat am 28.1.1861 in das Regiment ein; promoted from LtCol to Col am 25.4.1862; dismissed on Surgeon's certificate am 26.3.1863 (vgl. Bates, Samuel P.: History of Pennsylvania volunteers, a.a.O., S. 437). De Kor­poray stammte aus Ungarn (vgl. Pivány, Eugene: Hungarians in the American Civil War, a.a.O., S. 54).

 

Photo:

Col Gabriel De Korporay Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C.

 

 

Delafield, Richard:

US-MajGen; 1798-1873; West Point 1818 (1/23); Engineers; er war zunächst als Pionier-Offizier eingesetzt; Superintendent West Point 1838-1845 (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 232); während des Krimkriegs 1854 als Major der US-Army amerikanischer Kriegsbeob­achter (vgl. Nosworthy, Bloody Crucible, a.a.O., S. 77); erneut Superintendent in West Point 1856-1.3.1861; dann im Stab des Gou­verneurs von New York mit der Ausrüstung der New York Truppen eingesetzt; LtCol 6.8.1861 und Col 1.6.1863; eingesetzt beim Bau der Hafenbefestigungen in New York; ab 18.5.1864 Kommandeur des US-Engineer Corps; Maj Gen USA und BrigGen Army; in Ru­hestand versetzt 1866 (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 232).

 

 

de Lagnel, Julius A.:

CS-BrigGen; General and Staff Officers, Non-Regimental Enlisted Men, CSA (vgl. National Park Soldiers 818 Roll, hier bezeichnet als 'd'Lagnel').

 

In November 1863 LtCol Julius A. De Lagnel was assigned as inspector of arsenals in the Bureau of Ordnance (vgl. Eicher: Longest Night, a.a.O., S. 409).

 

 

Delaney, Dr. Martin R.:

farbiger Arzt aus Detroit; US-Major; er erhielt im Bürgerkrieg den höchsten militärischen Rang, den ein Farbiger erzielt (vgl. Ne­vins: The Emergence of Lincoln, a.a.O., Bd. 2, S. 19).

 

 

Delaney, Patrick:

US-Pvt; Co. D, 3rd Regiment New York Artillery.

 

Pvt. Patrick Delaney of Company D, Third Regiment, New York Artillery was charged with "conduct prejudicial to good order and military discipline." Two specifications clarified the charge. The first notes that the private violently assaulted 1st Lt. Paul *Buchmey­er of Battery F, Third New York Artillery, by kicking and striking him. The second states that Private Delaney knew Buchmeyer to be an officer since the lieutenant identified himself as such. Delaney responded, "that he did not care a Goddamn if he was an officer." The court met on February 16, 1863, at New Berne, North Carolina. In response to the first question of the court regarding being struck, Lieutenant Buchmeyer answered, "First time he didn't strike me hard enough to knock me down, then I knocked him down. He had a partner with him. The partner knocked me down & I got up and knocked the other man down. The other man had a wo­man's dress. I knew him by his hair." As to the next question, "Did they appear to be under the influence of liquor?" the lieutenant re­sponded, "Yes, I thought they had enough to make them ugly." There was no further mention of the second man in the dress in any of the testimony. Delaney was found guilty of both charges and sentenced to one year imprisonment at hard labor with a twenty-four-pound ball and chain (vgl. National Archives, File NN133, entry 15, Court-Martial Case Files, RG 153, NARA; vgl. https://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1998/winter/union-court-martials.html, Abruf vom 13.8.2016).

 

 

DeLeon, Thomas Cooper:

CS-Journalist

 

Documents/Literature::

- DeLeon, Thomas Coope: Four Years in Rebel Capitals: An Inside View of Life in the Southern Confederacy from Birth to Death (Mobile, Alabama 1890; 1st Edition); seltener unter dem Titel "In Tall Cotton" bekannt. One of the most frequently cited studies of the Confederacy by a journalist who used extensive notes taken during the war.

 

 

Delph, J. M.:

US-Major; aus Kentucky; Mitglied der Kentucky-Legislative; auf seine Initiative hin wurde in Louisville/Ky. im April 1861 eine In­fanteriebrigade aufgestellt (vgl. Kelly: Holding Kentucky for the Union; in: B&L vol 1, S. 375).

 

 

Dement, William F.:

CS-Captain; Dement's Battery (First Maryland Battery; Andrew's Battalion) (vgl. Hotchkiss: Make Me a Map, a.a.O., S. 307 Anm. 18); Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 53-54; Pfanz: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 242, 252; reeman, Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., vol. 2, S. 29). Dement's Battery gehörte während Jackson's Vorstoß gegen Pope's neuaufgestellte Army of Virginia im Juli / August 1862 und beim Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 zu der, von A. R. *Courtney befehligten Divisionsar­tillerie der Division Ewell's (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 362; Freeman, Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., vol. 2, S. 29 mit Karte S. 31; OR 12.2, S. 237-38; Early, Memoirs, a.a.O., S. 97). Dement's Battery befand sich am 7.9.1862 auf dem früheren Schlachtfeld von Cedar Mountain (vgl. Hotchkiss: Make Me a Map, a.a.O., S. 175).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Andrews, R. Snowdon: Richard Snowdon Andrews, Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding the First Maryland Artillery (Andrews' Batta­lion) Confederate States Army: A Memoir (Baltimore, Md., 1910)

- Dement's Battery Memoir: Memoir by unidentified enlisted man in Dement's Maryland Battery; New State Archives, Albany, New York

 

 

Denis, Jules C.:

CS-Col; Regimentskommandeur 1st Mississippi Cavalry (vgl. Sifakis: Compendium, Mississippi, a.a.O., S. 32). Denis war der Grün­dungs-Regimentskommandeur der 1st Mississippi Cavalry, sein Nachfolger war Richard A. *Pinson.

 

 

Denison, Frederick:

US-Chaplain; aus Rhode Island; Col *Duffie's 1st Rhode Island Cavalry; Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 53, 55).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Denison, Frederick: The Battle of Cedar Mountain (Providence, R. I., 1881)

- **Denison, Frederick: Sabres and Spurs: The First Regiment Rhode Island Cavalry in the Civil War ( Central Falls, R. I., 1876)

 

 

Dennis, Elias S.:

US-++++Gen; Geburtsdatum unbekannt - 1894 New York; ab 30.8.1861 LtCol und Regimentskommandeur 30th Illinois Infantry und Battle of Fort Donelson (Grant, Battles and Leaders Vol. I S. 429); Col am 1.5.1862; BrigGen 29. Nov. 1862 (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 233). Die 30th Illinois Infantry gehörte im Frühjahr 1862 zur 1st Brigade Oglesby, 1st Division McClernand, Grant’s Army of the Tennessee bei der Eroberung von *Fort Donelson im Februar 1862 (vgl. US Grant; in: Battles and Leaders Vol. I S. 429; Wallace, Lew: The Capture of Fort Donelson; in: B&L, vol. I, a.a.O., S. 417-419).

 

 

Dennison, William:

US-Politiker; republikanischer Governor von Ohio 1860-62; Vorsitzender der Republican National Convention 1864; Postmaster-Ge­neral 1864-65

 

 

Dent, Frederick:

Schwiegervater von LtGen USS Grant; "devoutly Southern-minded" (Catton, Grant moves South, a.a.O., S. 15); aus Missouri; Vor­kriegszeit Farmer (Catton, Vorwort zu Julia Dent Grant: Memoirs, a.a.O., S. 2)

 

 

Dent, Frederick Tracy:

US-BrigGen; 1821-92; aus Missouri; Sohn von Frederic Dent; West Point 1843 (33/39); Klassenkamerad Grant's in West Point; Schwager Grant's; US-Berufsoffizier Infantry; Mexikokrieg, dabei zweimal verwundet und breveted; stationiert im Westen; Teilnah­me an Expeditionen; Indianerkriege; nach Kriegsausbruch weiterhin im Westen eingesetzt bis 1863, zuletzt im Rang eines Major der 4th US Infantry; am 9.3.1863 mit seinem Regiment in den Osten versetzt; als Major Regimentskommandeur der 4th US Infantry in der Army of the Potomac vom 12.8. - 8.9.1863; anschließend in New York eingesetzt um die Draft Riots niederzuschlagen; 29.4.1864 befördert zum LtCol und ADC im Stab Grant's (vgl. Porter: Campaigning with Grant, a.a.O., S. 32; Boatner, a.a.O., S. 233) bis 5.4.1865; BrigGen USV am 5.4.1865; Militärgouverneur von Richmond; anschließend Kommandeur der Garnison von Washington; in der Nachkriegszeit weiterhin US-Berufsoffizier und erneut als LtCol USA als ADC im Stab Grant's vom 3.5. - 25.7.1866; anschlie­ßend in gleicher Funktion im Stab Sherman's bis 31.12.1872; in den Ruhestand getreten im Rang eines Col USA 1883 (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 233).

 

 

Dent, Stouten Hubert:

CS-1stLt; Co. B, F&S, 1st Regiment Alabama Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 12).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Dent, Stouten Hubert Papers (1847-1865) - RG 86 [Eufaula Rifles/1st Alabama Infantry] (Auburn University Archives)

 

 

Denver, James William:

US-+++Gen; 1817-1892; Denver stammte aus Virginia, zog während des Goldrausch nach California, wo er als Abgeordneter in den State Senate gewählt wurde. Später Congress-Abgeordneter der Democratic Party und Governor des Kansas Territory; BrigGen 14.8.1861; Denver kommandierte die Kansas Truppen und war im Battle of Shiloh eingesetzt (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 234);r 5th Di­vision in Sherman's Right Wing (District of Memphis) of Grant's Army of the Tennessee (= XIII AK) (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg Cam­paign, a.a.O., vol. I S. 72; Boatner, a.a.O., S. 234). Denver schied auf eigenen Wunsch am 5.3.1863 aus der Army aus, war anschlie­ßend Rechtsanwalt und später Politiker (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 234).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- Denver, James A.: Letter to his wife, 29.11.1862, Harrisburg Civil War Round Table Collection, United States Army Military Institute, Carlisle Barracks /PA (Anm.: s. Kommentar bei Grimsley: Hard Hand of War, a.a.O., 96n1)

 

 

DePeyster, John Watts:

US-MajGen; diente 1862 als Volunteer Aid im Stab von BrigGen Philip *Kearney, Franklin's Division Army of the Potomac (vgl. Ne­vins: Col Wainwright, a.a.O., S. 42).

 

Photo:

John Watts DePeyster in 1863 (vgl. http://civilwarcavalry.com/)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **DePeyster, John Watts: Personal and Military History of Phil Kearney (New York 1869; First Edition)

- **DePeyster, J. Watts: Andrew Atkinson Humphreys, of Pennsylvania, Brigadier General and Brevet Major General, USA, Major Ge­neral, United States Volunteers ... (Lancaster, Pa.: Lancaster Intelligencer Printer, 1886)

- **DePeyster, John Watts: Decisive Conflicts of the Late Civil War (New York: MacDonald Co., 1867)

 

 

De Rosset, William L.:

CS-Col; Co. F&S, 3rd Regiment North Carolina Infantry; er trat als Major in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 10).

 

 

DeRussy, Gustavus A.:

+++-+++Gen; in Fredericksburg 1862 als Captain 4th US Artillery mit 20 Kanonen eingesetzt auf der Höhe nördlich der Stadt auf der linken US-Front (Report von BrigGen Henry J. Hunt, OR 21:181-83; abgedruckt bei Luvaas / Nelson: Chancellorsville and Frede­ricksburg, a.a.O., S. 8).

 

 

DeSaussure, Wilmot G.:

CS-BrigGen; 23.7.1822 Charleston/SC - † 1.2.1886 Ocala/Florida; was a brigadier general in the South Carolina militia, who served along with the Confederate States Army in South Carolina at various times during the American Civil War.[2] As a colonel, he led his regiment in the occupation of Fort Moultrie and the bombardment of Fort Sumter at the beginning of the war. He was appoin­ted brigadier general as well as adjutant general and inspector general of South Carolina militia in 1862. He commanded part of the Charleston defenses during the Union siege of the city in 1863. He also led his men in opposition to Major General William T. Sher­man's march through the Carolinas (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilmot_Gibbes_de_Saussure).

 

De Saussure served five two-year terms in the South Carolina General Assembly in 1848–1849, 1854–1857 and 1860–1863. He also served as South Carolina Secretary of the Treasury from the summer of 1861 to April 11, 1862. After the war, de Saussure was a pro­minent lawyer and was active in civic affairs. He wrote several works of South Carolina history[3] and was a grand master of Freemasons and president of the Huguenot Society, the Cincinnati Society and other civic organizations (vgl. https://en.Wikipedia. org/wiki/Wilmot_Gibbes_de_Saussure).

 

Wilmot Gibbes de Saussure began his Civil War service as a colonel in the 1st South Carolina Artillery Regiment of the 4th Brigade of the South Carolina militia at the siege of Fort Sumter. His force occupied Fort Moultrie when the U.S. Army garrison withdrew to Fort Sumter on December 26, 1861. De Saussure was in command of the Morris Island batteries during the bombardment of Fort Sumter on April 12 through April 14, 1861 (vgl. https://en.Wikipedia. org/wiki/Wilmot_Gibbes_de_Saussure).

 

In August 1861, de Saussure was appointed a brigadier general in the South Carolina militia and was given command of the 4th Bri­gade for the remainder of the war. On April 11, 1862, de Saussure was elected adjutant general and inspector general of the South Ca­rolina militia. He also was appointed Secretary of the Treasury of South Carolina in the summer of 1861 by South Carolina Governor Francis Pickens. De Saussure commanded a force of militia and Confederate States Army troops during the siege of Charleston in 1863.[4]This force guarded the rear of the city. In late 1864 and early 1865, de Saussure's men were sent to oppose the forces of Union Major General William T. Sherman as they marched through the Carolinas (vgl. https://en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/ Wil­mot_Gibbes_de_Saussure).

 

After the war, Wilmot G. de Saussure was a prominent lawyer and was active in civic affairs in Charleston. He wrote several works of South Carolina history.[4] He was president of the Huguenot Society and the Cincinnati Society (Sons of Cincinnati). He was also president of the St. Andrew's Society, the St. Cecilia Society and the Charleston Library Society. He was a Harbor Commissioner for Charleston and a member of the Chamber of Commerce. De Saussure was a Freemason. He served as a grand master of his lodge from 1873 to 1875. He also was a member of the Odd Fellows. Brother de Saussure served as Grand Sire during the term 1853-1855 - being installed in Philadelphia, PA and presiding in Baltimore, MD. Wilmot Gibbes de Saussure died on February 1, 1886 in Ocala, Florida where he had gone with the hope of restoring his deteriorated health. He is buried in Magnolia Cemetery, Charleston, South Carolina (vgl. https://en.Wikipedia. org/wiki/Wilmot_Gibbes_de_Saussure).

 

Sohn von  Henry Alexander De Saussure und Sarah Boone (vgl. http://www.geni.com).

 

Photo:

Gen Wilmot Gibbes De Saussure (http://www.findagrave.com)

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- Emory University Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library Atlanta, GA:DeSaussure, Wilmot Gibbes (1822-1886); letters, 1862-1866; 12 items. Letter (contemporary copy) from Governor Francis Wilkinson Pickens (Edgewood) to General DeSaussure in which he objects to the Councils use of funds coming from Richmond; he says if it were not for the worry it would add to troubled ti­mes he would resign as he had been stripped of power, January 26, 1862. Letter from W.S. Boyd (Williamsburg) to DeSaussure say­ing that he is taking care of the estate but asks for instructions in certain matters, June 28, 1862. Letter from W.S. Boyd (Campbell) to DeSaussure saying that he has no corn or fodder to send him and that it will be difficult to find, February 3, 1864. Letter from W.S. Boyd (Williamsburg) to DeSaussure asking him to arrange for him to go by railroad to pick his daughters up from school in Colum­bia, June 3, 1864. Letter from Reverend Stephens Elliot (no place) regarding the obituary of a mutual friend, July 1864. Letter from DeSaussure (no place) to Civil War collection Manuscript Collection No. 20 15 "my dear Sister" tells of the price of salt and wood, no date. Document signed by J.H. Jenks (Charleston, South Carolina) restoring confiscated property to DeSaussure, January 25, 1866. Examples of cloth manufactured on a plantation. Two drawings of confederate flags.

 

 

De Trobriand, Philipp Regis:

US-MajGen; 1816 Tours / Frankreich - +++; aus französischem Adel; Studium in Paris und Tours; Rechtsanwalt, dann Schriftsteller; Eheschließung 1841 in New York mit der reichen Erbin Mary Jones (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg, First Day, a.a.O., S. 241); 1861 Col. 55th New York Infantry; die 55th New York Infantry erlitt in den Feldzügen der Army of the Potomac und im Battle von Fredericksburg starke Verluste, seine Reste wurden der 38th New Infantry zugeordnet; Col 38th New York Infantry (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg, First Day a.a.O., S. 241). Nach der Reorganisation des III. Army Corps wurde de Trobriand Brigadekommandeur 3rd Brigade 1st Division (Birney's Division) III. Army Corps Sickles), die er als Col im Battle von Gettysburg führte (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg First Day, a.a.O., S. 252); später Divisionskommandeur 3rd Divisi­on II Army Corps at Appomattox (Pfanz: Gettysburg. Second Day, a.a.O., S. 2; vgl. Hessler: Sickles at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S, 101).

 

Die Brigade umfaßte folgende Regimenter (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg First Day, a.a.O., S. 448; vgl. Gottfried: Brigades at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 201-207):

- 17th Maine Infantry LtCol Charles B. Merril

- 3rd Michigan Infantry Col Byron R. Pierce; LtCol Edwin S. Pierce

- 5th Michigan Infantry LtCol John Pulford

- 40th New York Infantry Col Thomas W. Egan

- 110 Pennsylvania Infantry (6 Co's) LtCol David M. Jones, Major Isaac Rogers

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol II, a.a.O., S. 86 (als Col in Vicksburg)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **De Trobriand, Philipp Regis: Four Years with the Army of the Potomac (Boston: Ticknor and Comp., 1889)

- **De Trobriand, Philipp Regis: The Battle of Gettysburg, New York Herald, v. 29.3.1864

- **Styple, William B. (ed.): Our noble Blood. The Civil War Letters of Major General Maj. Gen. Philipp Regis de Trobriand (NY: Belle Grove Publishing, 1997)

 

 

Detwiler, George M.:

US-Captain, 8th Iowa Cavalry, Co. C; zunächst eingemustert als First Sergeant, später Captain.

 

George M. Detwiler was born in Fayette Co., Pa., Sept. 19, 1834 and died at his home near Mulhall, Oklahoma, Feb 17th , 1907, at 1:15 P.M.. Mr. Detwiler was united in marriage to Miss Catherine Phillips in Oct. 22, 1854 and went to Bonaparte, Iowa. Laying asi­de personal interests, he enlisted July 23, 1863 in Company C, 8th Iowa Cavalry. For two years and two months he served in the Uni­on Army. At Davenport, Iowa he was promoted to be Orderly Sergeant and at Chattanooga he was made a second Lieutenant. He took part in various battles and skirmishes in and around Franklin and Waverly, Tn. and in the battle of Dalton his clothing was ridd­led with bullets. He accompanied Gen. Sherman from Chattanooga to Atlanta on the famous march to the sea. Altogether he took part in about thirty battles, and skirmishes. Upon returning from service Captain Detwiler returned to his old home in Van Buren Co. Iowa. In 1890 he came from Kansas to Oklahoma and settled at the place in which he died. His wife servives him and the following children, Charles, living at home; Cynthia, living at home, Mrs. Sadie Daniels lives in Garfield, Kansas; George lives on a joining farm at his father's. Daniel, living in Billings, Ok., Mrs. Kate James living at Apache, Mrs. Gertrude Bowers living near Guthrie, J.H. Detwiler a brother of St. John, Kansas, all present at the funeral. Neighbors and friends acted as pall bearers, while veterans of the Ci­vil War as honorary pall bearers followed the remains of their comrade to the grave. (vgl. http://www.fold3. Com /page/92385769_sons_of_john_and_cynthia_baird_detwiler/).

 

 

Deupree, John G.:

CS-Private, 1st Mississippi Cavalry; Col Robert *McCulloch's Brigade (vgl. Bearss, Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., I 297). Teilnahme an Van Dorn's Holly Springs Raid von Dezember 1862 (vgl. Bearss, a.a.O., I 287 ff

 

Documents/Literature::

- Deupree, John G.: “The Capture of Holly Springs, Mississippi, Dec. 20, 1862,” Publications, Mississippi Historical Society, IV, 51

 

 

Devens, Charles jr.:

US-MajGen; Harvard Absolvent, Anwalt, Staatsanwalt, anschließend US-Marshall von Massachusetts; 1861 Colonel 15th Massachu­setts Infantry; Battle of Ball's Bluff; verwundet als Brigadekommandeur bei Mechanicsville am 4.7.1862 (vgl. Rhodes, Elisha Hunt: All for the Union, a.a.O., S. 60), bei Fair Oaks und Chancellorsville, in Cold Harbor schwer erkrankt an Rheumatismus, wurde er auf einer Bahre aufs Schlachtfeld getragen; zuletzt MajGen; nach dem Krieg Richter am Massachusetts Supreme Court und später Attor­ney General in Präsident Rutherford B. Hayes's Kabinett (Farwell, Ball's Bluff, a.a.O., S. 44/45).

 

4.4.1820 Charlestown/Mass. † 7.1.1891 Boston/Mass., beerd .Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge/Massachusetts. Civil War Union Brevet Major General, Politician. He was a member of the Massachusetts State Senate in 1848, US Marshall of Massachusetts, 1849 to 1853 and served on the US Department of Justice in 1860. When the Civil War erupted, he was appointed Co­lonel of the 15th Massachusetts Infantry and was wounded in action at the Battle of Ball Bluff. He was promoted Brigadier General in April 1862 and commanded the 1st Brigade of the IV Corps in the Maryland Campaign. Assigned commander of the 1st Division, XI Corps in 1863, he fought at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Battle of Cold Harbor and in the Overland Campaign. During the Siege of Petersburg, he commanded the 3rd Division, XXIV Corps and his troops were the first to occupy Richmond, Virginia in April 1865. For distinguis­hed service, he was brevetted Major General of US Volunteers and served as commander of the military district of Charleston, South Carolina until 1866. After the war, he was judge of the Massachusetts Supreme Judical Court and was US Attor­ney General in the Cabinet of President Rutherford Hayes, 1877 to 1881 (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Im Battle of Chancellorsville erhielt Devens als Kommandeur der Division Devens / XI. Army Corps frühzeitig Meldungen vom Umgehungsmarsch des CS-Corps Jackson, der mit 30000 Mann in den Rücken des XI. US- Corps (8800 Mann) stieß. Captain (Ma­jor) Rodolphus *Robbins, Befehlshaber der Vorposten des 55th Ohio Infantry Regiment sandte zwischen 11 und 4 Uhr drei Boten zum Divisionsstab der Div. Devens, die Jackson Ankunft meldeten. US-Commander XI. Corps O. O Howard hielt ein Durchqueren der Wildnis auf der Westseite von Chancellorsville für ausgeschlossen. Das Corps Jackson, das mit 30000 Mann, über 100 Geschüt­zen, starker Kavallerie, auf ganz schmalen Straßen vorrückte, bewegte sich sehr langsam, stieß gegen 11:00 mit seiner Vorhut auf die US-Vorposten. Aber es dauerte bis gegen 17:00, bis Jackson's Truppen die Ausgangsstellung zum Angriff erreicht hatten (vgl. Kauf­mann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 354-356).

 

Um 9:30 hatte US-Oberbefehlshaber Hooker nach einer Inspektion der Division Devens angeordnet: „No artificial defences worth naming have been thrown up ...“ (zitiert bei Hamlin: Battle of Chancellorsville, a.a.O. S.20). Geschehen war nichts! Hamlin, als da­maliger Medical Direktor der Army of the Potomac schreibt: „Along the front of five regiments of Devens' Division were no de­fences of strength. The fences had been thrown down along the southern side of the road and piled up, with a little dort thrown over them, and in the woods the timber had been slashed in front of the Forty-first and Forty-fifth New York. The rest of Devens' Division was without protection of any kind, and, in fact, all the redoubts thrown up for protection of the corps were rendered utterly useless by the attack of Jackson, far in their rear, excepting the trivial rifle pit east of Dowdall Tavern ...“ (zitiert bei Hamlin: Battle of Chan­cellorsville, a.a.O. S.36).

 

Photo:

MajGen Charles Devens Jr. (findagrave.com)

 

 

Devereux, Arthur F.:

US-BrigGen; 1861 zunächst LtCol, 19th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. Waitt, Ernest L.: History of the Nineteenth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, a.a.O., S. 1), dann nach der Verwundung des Regimentskommandeurs Col Edward W. Hinks bei Antietam wurde Devereux zum Col des Regiments ernannt.

 

 

Devereux, John:

CS-Major; North Carolina Chief Quartermaster; 17.12.1819 - † 4.10.1893; beerd. Oakwood Cemetery, Raleigh/NC; Sohn von Thomas Pollok Devereux und Catherine Anna Johnson Devereux; °° Margaret Lane Mordechai Devereux; aus der Ehe stammen 6 Kinder, darunter der Sohn CS-Pvt Thomas Pollok *Devereux und die Tochter Ellen Devereux (vgl. www.findagrave.com) (°° 1869 mit Col John Wetmore *Hinsdale) (vgl. Confederate Veteran vol. 29, No. 10 (Oct. 1921), S. 387-88).

 

 

Devereux, Thomas Pollok:

CS-Pvt, Co. D, 43rd Regiment North Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 10); 8.11.1845 Raleigh/NC - † 24.11. 1913 Raleigh/NC; beerd. Oakwood Cemetery, Raleigh/NC; Sohn von Major John *Devereux und Margaret Lane Mordechai Dever­eux (vgl. www.findagrave.com). Bruder von Ellen Devereux (vgl. www.findagrave.com) (°° 1869 mit Col John Wetmore *Hinsdale) (vgl. Confederate Veteran vol. 29, No. 10 (Oct. 1921), S. 387-88).

 

 

Devin, Thomas Casimer:

US-MajGen; 10.12.1822 New York City - † 4.4.1878 New York City; beerd. West Point Cemetery.

 

Born in New York City to Irish parents, Devin came from a martial family with ancestors who fought in the American Revolutionary War and French and Indian War. Devin was a house painter and partner in a paint and varnish company with his brother John for much of his early life, while also serving as a lieutenant colonel in the New York State Militia (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Thomas_Devin).

 

After the start of the Civil War, Devin formed his militia cavalry company into "Captain Devin's Independent Company" and served as its captain. Late that year, he became Colonel of the 6th New York Volunteer Cavalry, nicknamed the "2nd Ira Harris Guards", which he would lead for the next year. The regiment's first important service was in the Maryland Campaign of 1862. At the Battle of Antietam, one of its squadrons was in­volved in the first attacks of the day. At the Battle of Fredericksburg, Devin inherited command of David McMurtrie Gregg's cavalry brigade, when the latter took charge of the brigade of George Dashiell Bayard, who had been killed by Confederate artillery fire. At the Battle of Chancellorsville in 1863, his small brigade was the only cavalry not detached for Brig. Gen. George Stoneman's raid and he successfully led three Union Corps on the stealthy flanking march that preceded the battle. The men of the brigade repeatedly di­stinguished themselves in the heavy fighting of the battle. They suffered almost 200 casualties in the battle, higher losses than Union cavalry units had seen prior to that time. Devin also led his brigade in the Battle of Brandy Station (June 9, 1863), and took command of Brig. Gen. John Buford's division while Buford commanded the entire right wing of the two-pronged attack on Confederate caval­ry. While observing the skirmish line early in the fighting, Devin had his horse shot out from under him (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Thomas_Devin).

Im Sommer 1863 Col und Brigadekommandeur 2nd Brigade 1st Cavalry Division BrigGen John Buford Army of the Potomac (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 39; Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 454). Devin's Brigade bestand aus folgenden Regimentern (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 454; Martin: Gettysburg July1, a.a.O., S. 575):

- Headquarters Guard 6th New York Cavalry, Co. I

- 6th New York Cavalry (six Co's) Major William E. Beardsley

- 9th New York Cavalry Col William Sackett

- 17th Pennsylvania Cavalry Col J. H. Kellog

- 3rd West Virginia Cavalry (2 Co's) Captain Seymour B. Conger

 

Devin's Brigade war am 1.7.1863 bei McPherson's Ridge gegen den Angriff von Heth's Division eingesetzt (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 76). Teile von Devin's Brigade held the ground in front of McPherson's Ridge (vgl. Newton: McPherson's Ridge, a.a.O., S. 40). Am 1.7.1863 waren schließlich Teile von Devin's Brigade an der Emmitsburg Road eingesetzt und bivakierten im Peach Orchard (vgl. Hessler: Sickles at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 101). Am Morgen des 2.7.1863 Devin's Brigade „was engaged reconnoitering in rear of the enemy's right“ an der äußerten linken Flanke der Army of the Potomac (vgl. Hessler: Sickles at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 101).

 

At the Battle of Gettysburg, Devin's brigade served in Brig. Gen. John Buford's cavalry division that began the battle on July 1, 1863. Devin had become a favorite of Buford's and his rugged leadership style lent him the nickname "Buford's Hard Hitter," while his own men like to refer to him as "Uncle Tommy." As the Confederate attacks began, Devin's brigade was screening the northwest and nor­thern road approaches to Gettysburg, and successfully delayed the arrival of Jubal A. Early's division. Friendly fire from Union artil­lery on Cemetery Hill caused most of his brigade to withdraw into the town of Gettysburg and they later skirmished with the Confe­derates as they entered the town. The two brigades of Buford's cavalry division present on the field on July 1 and 2 were withdrawn from the battlefield by Cavalry Corps commander Alfred Pleasonton on the afternoon of July 2 (vgl. https://en.Wikipedia. org/wiki/ Thomas_Devin).

 

After Gettysburg, Devin continued to command a brigade and sometimes a division in the Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Potomac. In the spring of 1864, he participated in the raid on Richmond by Judson Kilpatrick's cavalry. In August he accompanied the Cavalry Corps to the Shenandoah Valley, where they fought under Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan during the Valley Campaigns of 1864. Devin was wounded once during the war, a wound in the foot on August 16, 1864 at the fighting at Guard Hill, Virginia or Crooked Run, Virginia. When Wesley Merritt became the Cavalry Corps commander, Devin inherited command of his division. On November 19, 1864, President Abraham Lincoln appointed Devin brigadier general of volunteers for his part in the Battle of Cedar Creek, to rank from October 19, 1864. The President submitted the nomination on December 12, 1864 and the U.S. Senate confirmed it on February 14, 1865 (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Thomas_Devin).

 

Devin was mustered out of the volunteer service on January 15, 1866. On January 13, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Devin for appointment to the brevet grade of major general of volunteers, to rank from March 13, 1865, and the U.S. Senate con­firmed the appointment on March 12, 1866. President Johnson also appointed Devin brevet colonel in the regular army for Fisher's Hill, to rank from March 2, 1867. On March 26, 1867, President Johnson nominated Devin for appointment to the brevet grade of brigadier general in the regular army for Sayler's Creek, to rank from March 2, 1867 and the U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment on April 5, 1867 (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Thomas_Devin).

Devin obtained a commission in the Regular Army after the Civil War under the provisions of the Army Act of 1866. This Act requi­red that the officer ranks of the new infantry and cavalry regiments be filled by a certain percentage of officers from the Volunteer re­giments raised during the Civil War. Ending the war as a Brigadier General and Brevet Major General, Devin became a Lieutenant Colonel and was assigned to the 8th U.S. Cavalry. Initially serving with part of the regiment in New Mexico, Devin assumed com­mand of the Subdistrict of Prescott in Arizona in late 1867. He died of stomach cancer and exposure, on sick leave from active duty, as Colonel of the 3rd U.S. Cavalry. Devin was initially interred in Cavalry Cemetery on Long Island, but upon his wife's death in 1897, both were interred in West Point Cemetery, West Point, New York, very near his old friend and commander John Buford (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Thomas_Devin).

 

Photo:

Col. Thomas C. Devin (vgl. Library of Congress, Washington)

 

 

Devotie, J.G.:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 2nd Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 17). Teilnahme am Battle of Antietam (err.) am 17.9.1862 (vgl. Priest: Antietam, a.a.O., S. 239 mit S. 388 n19).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **DeVotie, John H.: Letters to Father from Gordonsville, VA, 9/23 and 9/28/62; in: John h. DeVotie Papers, Manuscript Department, Duke University Library, Durham, NC

 

 

Dewey, George:

US-+++ Naval Officer; 1837-1917; aus Vermont; Graduating aus der Naval Academy 1858; diente unter Farragut als Executive Offi­cer auf der USS Mississippi in New Orleans und Port Hudson, sowie in der gleichen Position auf der USS Colorado bei Fort Fisher. In der Nachkriegszeit weiterhin Naval Officer; er wurde berühmt in der Seeschlacht von Manila Bay 1898 (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 239).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Dewey, George Dewey: Autobiography (Scribner's, NY 1913) Details battles at New Orleans, Port Hudson, James River and Fort Fisher

 

 

Dewey, Joel A.:

+++-+++Gen

 

 

Dewey, William:

US-LtCol; 15th Iowa Infantry; Teilnahme am Battle of Shiloh (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 186).

 

 

DeWolfe, Daniel F.:

US-Major; Co. F&S, 55 th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 27). Bei der Aufstellung des Regiments wurde DeWolfe (De Wolf) am 11.9.1861 First Lieutenant und Adjutant (vgl. Osborn: Trials and Triumphs. The Record of the Fifty-Fifth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, a.a.O., S. 18); er wurde zum Major des Regiments am 21.11.1861 befördert (vgl. Osborn: Trials and Triumphs. The Record of the Fifty-Fifth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, a.a.O., S. 19).

 

Photo:

- Major Daniel F. DeWolf (vgl. Osborn: Trials and Triumphs. The Record of the Fifty-Fifth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, a.a.O., S. 48)

 

 

Dexter, Seymour:

US-Corporal; Co K, 23rd Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 36).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Dexter, Seymour (Private): Journal and Letters of Civil War Service in Company "K" 23rd New York Volunteer Regiment of Elmira (McFarland Publishing). A student at the start of the war, Dexter joined Company K in Elmira and went on to become a lawyer after the war. An unusually keen view of the war, capturing the emotions of the men in the field and the camaraderie of Company K. Edi­ted by Carl Morrell, Historian of Elmira

 

 

Dibrell, George G.:

CS-BrigGen; Forrest's Cavalry

 

Photo:

- Wills: Forrest, a.a.O., nach S. 42

 

 

Dickert, D. Augustus:

CS-Captain; Co. H, 3rd Regiment South Carolina Infantry; Dickert trat als Sergeant in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M381 Roll

 

Photo:

- Dickert, D. Augustus: History of Kershaw's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 7

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Dickert, D. Augustus: History of Kershaw's Brigade (Originally published in 1899; Reprint Broadfoot); Bibliothek Ref, download Kershaw Brigade (Dickert)

 

 

Dickey, Luther S.:

US-+++; 103rd Pennsylvania Infantry. This unit fought at Manassas, the Wilderness, and served in North Carolina until mostly captu­red during the Siege of Plymouth in April 1865.

 

Documents/Literature::

- Dickey, Luther S.: History of the 103rd Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteer Infantry (Chicago 1910, 1st Edition); 400 pp; Photos, Maps (Including One Large Fold-Out Map); Rosters.

 

 

Dickey, Theophilus Lyle:

US-Col; Col 4th Illinois Cavalry; eingesetzt in der Fort Henry Campaign 1862; sein Regiment verfolgte am 6.2.1862 die aus Fort Henry fliehenden CS-Truppen (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 29);

 

Im Battle of Shiloh am 6.4.1862 gehörte die 4th Illinois Cavalry (8 Co's) ab dem Abend des 5.4.1862 unter dem Kommando von Col T. Lyle *Dickey zur 5th Division BrigGen William T. Sherman in Grant's Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 138)

 

Ab 11.6.1862 Kommandeur der Cavalry Division in Grant's Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Starr: Cavalry, a.a.O., III 25; zu den wech­selnden Organsationsprinzipien von Grant's Cavalry s. Starr, a.a.O., III 25). Beim Vorstoß von Grant's Army of the Tennessee nach Süden Richtung Holly Springs ab 26.11.1862 faßte Grant seine Kavallerie in einer Kavallerie-Division unter Col T. Lyle Dickey zu­sammen. Die 1st Brigade unter Albert Lindley *Lee wurde der Left Wing unter BrigGen Charles S. *Hamilton's unterstellt (vgl. Be­arss, Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vo. I 72); die 2nd Brigade unter Colonel Edward *Hatch gehörte zu Center Wing General *Mc­Pherson's, die 3rd Brigade unter Col Benjamin H. *Grierson zum Left Wing *Sherman's. (vgl. Bearss, Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vo. I 72).

 

Nach dem überraschenden Rückzug der CS-Truppen von der Tallahatchie Line am 1.12.1862 erhielt Dickey den Befehl mit seiner Cavalry von Waterford (vgl. Karte bei Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vol. I S. 58) die Verfolgung anzutreten (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vol. I S. 95).

 

Dickey klärte den CS-Vorstoß Van Dorn's über *Holly Springs gegen Grant's Hauptverbindungslinie im Dezember 1862 auf (vgl. Grant, Julia Dent: Memoirs, a.a.O., S. 107). Dickey's Cavalry traf am 16.12.1862 wenige Meilen östlich von Pontotoc auf Van Dorn's Nachhut, als Dickey's Cavalry von einem Raid gegen die Mobile & Ohio Railroad zurückkehrte. Um keine Verzögerung bei seinem Raid nach Holly Springs zu erzielen, wich Van Dorn, dessen Aufklärung Dickey's Cavalry rechtzeitig erkannt hatte, um Vermeidung eines bewaffneten Zusammentreffens nach Norden aus, wobei es lediglich zu Feuerwechsel mit Van Dorn's Nachhut kam (vgl. Long­acre: Mounted Raids, a.a.O., S. 52).

 

 

Dickey war Schwiegervater von BrigGen William Harvey Lamb *Wallace (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 29)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Dickey, T. Lyle: Letter to Aunt Ann (Shiloh National Military Park, Shiloh / Tennessee, 4th Illinois Cavalry File)

- **Dickey, T. Lyle: Papers (Illinois State Historical Library und Illinois Historical Survey, Urbana und Chicago Historical Society)

 

 

Dickey, William James:

CS-Lt; aus Duncansville / Georgia; Mitglied der Georgia Miliz (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 271, 335, 351)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Dickey, William James: Letters (Georgia Department of Archives, Atlanta)

 

 

Dickinson, Daniel Stevens:

US-Politiker; 1800-66, Demokratische Partei; US-Senator, dann Attorney General von New York; während des Krieges schloß er sich der Republican Party und wurde 1865 zum United States Attorney für die südlichen Distrikte von New York ernannt. Ruffin (Ruffin, Diary II 30 mit Anm. 20) sieht in Dickinson - der ursprünglich als Politiker der Demokratischen Partei - als prosüdlich eingestuft wurde, im Mai 1861 einen Verräter an der Sache des Südens.

 

 

Dieckmann / Dickman, Julius:

US-Major; zunächst Lieutenant 2nd Battery New York Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 36), dann Captain 13th Independent Battery New York Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 36).

 

Im Battle of Chancellorsville war Dieckmann, im Rahmen des XI US-Corps eingesetzt. On the extreme right der Division Schurz, „in the angle of the line, and in the road, where placed two of Dickman's guns, nine hundred and sixty yards from the Talley House . The other four guns were placed east of Talley's, facing south, to command the Plank Road (vgl. Hamlin Battle of Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 36).

 

In the opening of the Gettysburg campaign, Captain Dieckmann resigned in order to accept a commission as major of the Fifteenth New York Heavy Artillery, and was succeeded in the command of the battery by Capt. William Wheeler (vgl. https://dmna.ny.gov/ historic/reghist/civil/artillery/13thIndBat/13thIndBatHistSketch.htm).

 

 

Dickinson, George W.:

CS-First Sergeant; Co. A, 5th Regiment Alabama Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 12, dort als 'G. W. Dickinson be­zeichnet; der Vorname 'George W. Dickinson ist bei www.findagrave.com genannt, allerdings ohne Angabe der Company); he enlis­ted am 9.1.1862 in Moulton/Alabama als First Sergeant (vgl. http://files.usgwarchives.net/al/fayette/military/civilwar/5thalcoa.txt, Abruf vom 7.6.2016).

 

10.4.1836 Cherokee County/Georgia - † 15.10.1863 „died from wounds received in the civil War“; beerd. Harmony Grove Cemetery, Winfield, Fayette County/Alabama; S.v. John J. Dickinson und Elizabeth O'Neal Dickinson; °° Caroline Perry Dickson, später Berry­hill (1840-1920; sie °° II mit Charles William *Berryhill, Co. A, 5th Regiment Alabama Cavalry) (www.findagrave.com , Abruf vom 4.6.2016). ­

 

 

Dilger, Hubert:

US-Captain; Co. I, 1st Regiment Ohio Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 27).

 

Dilger erhielt für seinen Einsatz im Battle of Chancellorsville am 2.5.1863 gegen Jackson's Umgehungsangriff gegen das XI. US-Corps die Medal of Honor: "Fought his guns until the enemy were upon him," the citation read, "then with one gun...he formed the rear guard and kept the enemy at bay by the rapidity of his fire and was the last man in the retreat." The devoutly Virginian historian who chronicled the history of Lee's artillery described Dilger's feat as "an example of almost superhuman courage and energy." (vgl. http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/ chancellorsville).

 

Hubert Anton Casimir Dilger (March 5, 1836 – May 4, 1911) was a German immigrant to the United States who became a decora­ted artillerist in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He was noted as one of the finest artillerists in the Army of the Potomac, winning the Medal of Honor for his valiant work at the 1863 Battle of Chancellorsville.Dilger was born in Engen in the Black Forest region in Germany and educated in the Karlsruhe Military Academy. He served as a lieutenant in the Grand Du­ke's Horse Artillery at military posts in Gottesau, Karlsruhe, and Rastatt. He developed several innovative theories on artillery tactics and drill. When news came of the outbreak of the American Civil War, Dilger received a leave of absence and sailed to the United States".

 

After relocating to Cincinnati, Ohio, he became the captain of Battery I, 1st Ohio Light Artillery and fought at several battles of the Army of the Potomac, including under fellow German native Maj. Gen. Carl Schurz at the Second Battle of Bull Run. On May 2, 1863, Dilger fought in the rearguard of the retreating Union XI Corps during the disastrous Battle of Chancellorsville, for which he eventually was awarded the nation's highest decoration in 1893. He unlimbered his battery of six 12-pounder Napoleon smoothbore cannon as a last-ditch defense against a large portion of Stonewall Jackson's entire corps, which had pushed back XI Corps and was threatening to roll up the Union line.

 

Dilger also received high praise in the Official Records of the Battle of Gettysburg and for his work in the 1864 Atlanta Cam­paign during which his battery fired the rounds that killed Lt. General Leonidas Polk. Late in the war, he was on garrison duty. From 1869 to 1873 he was Adjutant-General for the State of Illinois.

 

After the war, Dilger prospered in Ohio and eventually purchased a sprawling horse farm in the Shenandoah Valley near Front Royal, Virginia, where he raised his family. After his death, a portion of his farm became a remount station for the US Army. His son Anton Dilger waged biological warfare for Germany against a still-neutral United States in World War I, infecting horses with  anthrax and glanders. Hubert Dilger was the grandfather of General der Kavallerie Carl-Erik Koehler (3 December 1895 – 8 December 1958), Generalmajor Hubertus Lamey (30 October 1896 – 7 April 1981), both of whom served with the Wehrmacht, and Captain Carl Anton Keyser, USNR (18 January 1918 - 7 August 1995). Captain Keyser served as a Gunnery Officer and later the Executive Offi­cer on board the USS Eberle (DD430) during WW2. Dilger is buried in Rock Creek Cemetery in Washington, D.C.“ (aus ttps://en.wi­kipedia.org/wiki/Hubert_Dilger).

 

Captain Dilger, commanding a battery in Howard's corps went out (am 2.5.1863) with an orderly on the exposed flank to reconnoiter. He ran into Jackson's column advancing, and was pursued by some of his cavalry, narrowly escaping capture. Making his way by the rear of the XI Corps to Hooker's headquarters, he reported the result of his reconnaissance, and was told that General Lee was in full retreat (vgl. Biglow: Chancellorsville, a.a.O. S. 288).

 

Photo:

Captain Hubert Dilger (Photo: http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/chancellorsville).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- Hubert Dilger to Lincoln, 25.3.1863, Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress

 

 

Dillon, James M.:

US-Chaplain; Co. F&S, 63rd Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 36).

 

Photo:

- Seagrave: History of the Irish Brigade, a.a.O., vor S. 1

 

 

Dimon, Theodore:

US-Surgeon; 3rd Regiment New York Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 37).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- Dimon, Theodore: „A Federal Surgeon at Sharpsburg“; in: James I. Robertson, Jr. (ed): Civil War History, VI, 2.6.1960, p. 134 f.

 

 

Dinham, Thomas F.:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 23rd Regiment Alabama Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 12)

 

 

Dinsmore, John C.:

 

Documents/Literature::

- Dinsmore, John C.: Papers (Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield / Illinois)

 

 

Dinwiddie, James L.:

CS-+++: Carrington's Battery

 

Documents/Literature::

- Dinwiddie, James L.: Unpublished wartime letters of James L. Dinwiddie of Carrington's Battery; scattered dates (Dinwiddie Fami­ly Papers, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va.)

 

 

Dittmann, Erhard:

US-+++; 45th Illinois Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Dittmann, Erhard: Letters (Shiloh National Military Park, Shiloh / Tennessee: 45th Illinois File)

 

 

Dix, Dorothea L.:

1802-87; Leiterin des Army Nursing Corps (vgl. Catton, Grant moves South, a.a.O., S. 53); Sozialreformerin; sie erhielt im Mai 1861 die Erlaubnis, Armee-Hospitäler einzurichten und die Versorgung der Verwundeten und Kranken zu überwachen (Hattaway/Jones: How the North Won, a.a.O., S. 34; Burlingame/Ettlinger: Inside Lincoln's White House. The Complete Civil War Diary of John Hay, a.a.O., S. 3; 271 ANM: 11).

 

Photo:

- MOLLUS-Mass Civil War Photograph Collection Volume 82, US Army Heritage and Education Center USAHEC, Carlisle Barracks/PA, RG667s

 

 

Dix, John Adams:

US-MajGen; 1798-1879; aus New Hampshire; Studium der Rechte; seit 1828 Politiker in New York. Democratic Party. US-Senator von 1845-50; danach engagiert bei der Eisenbahn; anschließend US-Secretary of Treasure (Finanzminister) unter Buchanan seit 15.1.1861, übte dieses Amt jedoch nur 2 Monate bis zum Ende der Regierung Buchanan aus.

 

Lincoln ernannte Dix zum MajGen am 16.5.1861. Kommandeur des Department of Annapolis vom 19.-25. Juli 1861 und des Depart­ment of Pennsylvania vom 25.7.-24.8.1861, dann des Middle Department vom 22.3.-9.6.1862, des Department of Virginia vom 17.6.1862-15.7.1863. Komman­deur des VII. Corps in Virginia vom 22.7.1862-16.7.1863. Vom 18.7.1863 bis Kriegsende Komman­deur des Department of the East. Dix trat zurück am 30.11.1865. In der Nachkriegszeit war Dix Botschafter in Frankreich, sowie Gouverneur von New York von 1872-1874 (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 241-42). Ende 1863 setzten sich führende Politiker aus der De­mocratic wie auch der Republican Party aus New York für die Kandidatur von Dix als Bürgermeister von New York ein und baten Lincoln um Vermittlung, damit Dix die ihm angebotene Kandidatur annehme. Lincoln lehnte die Bitte ab, mit der Begründung, er könne sich nicht in interne Probleme in New York einmischen (vgl. Basler: Collected Works of Lincoln, vol. VII, a.a.O., S. 1-2: Brief Lincoln's an John J. Astor jun vom 9.11.1863).

 

 

Dixon, William D.:

US-Pvt; Co. H, 73rd Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 27).

 

1840 Ohio - † gef. 30.8.1862 im Battle of Second Bull Run; ein Grab ist nicht vorhanden, Dixon wurde auf dem Schlachtfeld bestat­tet; S. v. Samuel Dixon (1817-1861) und Mary Bolin Dixon (1820-1901); Bruder von Aaron, Marshall, Henry Albert, Benjamin Fran­klin, Samuel A & Elisha A. Sisters: Belinda, Sarah E & Mary Jane. Living in Alexander, Athens, Ohio in 1850. Enlisted Company H 73rd Ohio Infantry on 11 Dec 1861 (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 1.6.2016).

 

 

Dixon, William D.:

CS-Pvt; Co. I, 57th Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 17).

 

 

Dixon, William Dunlap:

US-BrigGen; aus Franklin County / Penn; 1.6.1861 Capt. 6th Pennsylvania Infantry Reserves (Chambersburg Chambers of Commer­ce (ed.): "Southern Revenge," a.a.O., S. 33); 15.9.1863 LtCol; Brevet BrigGen for Battles of Wilderness, Spotsylvania, North Anna, Bethseda Church, ausgemustert 11.6.1864

 

Photo:

- Chambersburg Chambers of Commerce (ed.): "Southern Revenge," a.a.O., S. 33

 

 

d'Lagnel, Julius A.:

s. de Lagnel, Julius A.

 

 

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