Version 25.7.2017

 

 

Litera C (Co)

 

 

 

Cobb, Howell:

CS-BrigGen und Politiker; aus Georgia; Bruder von BrigGen Thomas Read Rootes *Cobb (vgl. Davis: A Government of our Own, a.a.O., S. 7). Cobb besaß eine große Plantage (1000 acres, 100 Arbeiter/Sklaven) bei Milledgeville / GA. Demokratische Partei, ge­hörte zum ge­mäßigten Flügel. Cobb war 5mal Mitglied des US-Repräsentantenhaus (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 48) und wurde 1849 in der Sectional Crisis im 63. Wahlgang zum Speaker gewählt (vgl. McPherson, Für die Freiheit, a.a.O., S. 61). 1851 wurde Cobb zum Governor von Georgia gewählt; 1857 wurde Cobb Secretary of Treasure in Kabinett Buchanan (vgl. Da­vis: A Go­vernment of our Own, a.a.O., S. 7; vgl. Baker: Buchanan, a.a.O., S. 79). Im Februar 1861 war Cobb Delegierter von Georgia im CS-Provisional Congress (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 48), der die Constitution der Confedera­cy verabschiedete und präsidierte dem Congress in allen vier Sessions (vgl. Chestnut: Diary from Dixie, a.a.O., S. 18). Er wurde als Präsident der Konföderation gegen Davis vorgeschlagen (vgl. Chestnut: Diary from Dixie, a.a.O., S. 6).

 

Im Bürgerkrieg: im April 1862 Brigadekommandeur 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Lafayette McLaws.

 

Teilnahme an der Abwehr von McClellan's Peninsular Campaign; Einsatz bei der Abwehr des US-Angriffs bei Dam Nr. 1 nahe Lee's Mill am 16.4.1862 (vgl. Report of BrigGen Howell Cobb OR 11.1. S. 416); Coob’s Brigade während der Schlachten von Antietam (Sharpsburg) und South Mountain. Auf der großen Plan­tage Cobb's (1000 acres, 100 Arbeiter/Sklaven) bei Milledgeville / GA, brachte Sherman auf dem March to the Sea am 22.11.1864 sein Hauptquartier unter (vgl. Sherman, Memoirs Bd. 2 S. 185; vgl. Hitchcock, Marching with Sherman, a.a.O., S. 83). Hitchcock berich­tet, daß Cobb 4 oder 5 weitere Plantagen und 500 bis 600 Sklaven besaß (vgl. Hitchcock: Marching with Sherman, a.a.O., S. 85). Die Sklaven hausten unter men­schenunwürdigen Bedingungen Verschlägen in roh gezimmerten Hütten.

 

Following the war, Cobb returned home and resumed his law practice, but despite pressure from his former constituents and soldiers, he refused to make any public remarks on Reconstruction policy until he received a presidential pardon, although he privately oppo­sed it. Finally receiving that document in early 1868, he then vigorously opposed the Reconstruction Acts, making a series of spee­ches that summer that bitterly denounced the policies of the reigning Radical Republicans in Congress. Taking a break from his sche­dule of political speeches, Cobb decided to vacation in New York City in the autumn. He died of a heart attack there. His body was returned to Athens, Georgia, for burial in Oconee Hill Cemetery (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Howell_Cobb).

Thomas Willis Cobb was a cousin and Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb a younger brother of Howell Cobb. His great uncle and namesa­ke, Howell Cobb, had been a U.S. Congressman from 1807–1812, and then served as an officer in the War of 1812. A niece was Mildred Lewis Rutherford (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Howell_Cobb).

Photo:

- Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., nach S. 118

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, a.a.O., S. 50 (Präsident Buchanan und sein Kabinett, darunter Floyd)

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, a.a.O., S. 54

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Boykin, Samuel (ed.): Memorial Volume of the Hon. Howell Cobb of Georgia (Philadelphia, 1870)

- **Cobb, Howell: Folder. Georgia Department of Archives and History, Atlanta

- **Cobb, Howell: Papers. University of Georgia, Athens

- **Dickson, Capers (Cobb's Legion, Georgia Vols): John Ashton: A Story of The War between the States (Atlanta 1896, 1st Edition)

- Gannon, N. U.: MS Dissertation, University of California

- Nevins, The Emergence of Lincoln, vol. I, a.a.O., S. 122

**Phillips, Ulrich B. (ed.): The Correspondence of Robert Toombs, Alexander H. Stephens, and Howell Cobb, Annual Report of the American Historical Association, 1911

- **Philipps, U. B.(ed.): The Correspondence of Robert Toombs, Alexander H. Stephens, and Howell Cobb (Washington, 1913)

 

 

Cobb, Robert L.:

CS-Captain, Cobb's Battery wurde aufgestellt in Kentucky und gehörte von Beginn an bis Kriegsende zur 1st Kentucky Brigade / Or­phan Brigade (vgl. Davis, Jackman Diary, a.a.O., S. 39 Anm. 24). Die Battery umfaßte sechs Kanonen (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 188)

 

Im Battle of Shiloh am 6.4.1862 gehörte Cobb's Kentucky Battery zur 1st Brigade Col Robert Trabue IV. Reserve Corps BrigGen John C. Breckenridge (vgl. Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh, B & L, a.a.O., I, S. 539).

 

Gegen 11:30 wurde eine Sektion von Nispel’s Battery mit einem Geschütz zusammen mit zwei Geschützen aus Dresser's Battery und Barrett's Battery von US-Artilleriechef Col Ezra Taylor in einem Artillerieschwerpunkt, der neun Geschütze umfaßte, im südli­chen Teil von Jones Field gegen den bevorstehenden CS-Durchbruch auf der rechten US-Front eingesetzt. Es kam zu einem Artille­rieduell mit der CS-Artillery im nördlichen Woolf Field bestehend aus Cobb's Kentucky Battery sechs Geschützen und dem verblie­benen Ge­schütz von Polk's Battery. Nachdem sich die US-Artillery schließlich gegen 12:00 verschossen hatte, mußte sie zurückge­nommen werden (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 186-188 mit Karte S. 187).

 

Bei dem ersten US-Gegenangriff in Shiloh am 6.4.1862 während des Artilleriegefechts, überrannte gegen 12:00 die 11th Iowa Infan­try aus 1st Brigade Col Abraham C. *Hare / 1st Division MajGen John A McClernand zusammen mit der 11th Illinois und 20th Illi­nois aus 2nd Brigade Col C. Carroll Marsh / 1st Division MajGen John A McClernand die im nördlichen Woolf Field eingesetzte Cobb’s Kentucky Battery und die Sektion von Polk’s Tennessee Battery (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 188 mit Karte 187). Beim CS-Gegenangriff durch die Brigaden Trabue und Anderson, unterstützt von der 5th Co Washington Artillery, konnten die Geschütze ge­gen 12:30 zurückerobert werden (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 190).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Confederate Veteran, vol 13 (February 1905), S. 68: “Cobb’s Battery Not Captured at Shiloh.”

 

 

Cobb, Thomas Read Rootes:

CS-BrigGen; 1823- † 13.12.1862 gef. Fredericksburg; aus Athens / Georgia; Rechtsanwalt und juristischer Schriftsteller; Bruder von Howell *Cobb (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 7); Gegner von Alexander *Stephens, der Cobb für einen Fire-Eater hielt und für noch mehr ver­antwortlich als Robert *Toombs, die Sezession Georgias voranzutreiben (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 50). nach Kriegsausbruch Col. von Cobb's Legion seit 28.8.1861; Teilnahme an der Abwehr von McClellan's Pen­insular Campaign; Einsatz bei der Abwehr des US-Angriffs bei Dam Nr. 1 nahe Lee's Mill am 16.4.1862 (vgl. Report of BrigGen Ho­well Cobb OR 11.1. S. 416), Seven Days, Second Manassas, Antietam: BrigGen seit 1.11.1862 (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., 2: 328-29). Er befehligte in der Schlacht von Fredericksburg am 13.12.1862 die Georgia Brigade an der "Sunken Road" mit der Steinmauer unterhalb von Marye's Heights gegenüber der Stadt Fredericksburg gegen den Angriff von Sumner's Grand Division. Hierbei ist Cobb gefallen (vgl. Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 177).

 

Cobb’s Brigade umfaßte im Dezember 1862 folgende Regimenter (vgl. Luvaas / Nelson: Guide ...Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 325):

- 16th Georgia Infantry

- 18th Georgia Infantry

- 24th Georgia Infantry

- Cobb Legion

- Philipps Legion

 

Die Brigade wurde nach dem Tod Cobb’s von Col W. T. *Wofford von der 18th Georgia Infantry übernommen (vgl. Freeman: Lee’s Lieutenants, a.a.O., 2:418).

 

Photo:

- Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., nach S. 278

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Cobb, Thomas R. R. : Thomas R. R. Cobb Folder, Georgia Department of Archives and History, Atlanta / Georgia

- **Cobb, Thomas R. R.: Letters, University of Georgia, Athens

- **Cobb, T. R. R.: Substance of an Adress of … to His Constituents of Clark County, April 6, 1861 (N. P., 1861)

- **Cobb, Thomas R. R.: „The Correspondence of Thomas Reet Roots Cobb, 1861-1862“; in: Publications of the Southern History Association, XI (May 1907)

- Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., 2: 328-29

- **McCash, William: Thomas R. R. Cobb: The Making of a Southern Nationalist (Macon / Georgia, 1983)

 

 

Coble, Eli S.:

CS-Pvt; Co. M, 21st Regiment North Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 8);

 

Documents/Literature::

- Coble, Eli S.: Reminiscenses. Unpublished postwar recollections of Eli S. Coble of the 21st North Carolina Infantry (North Caroli­na Department of Archives and History, Raleigh / North Carolina)

 

 

Coble, Samuel:

US-Corporal; 1838 Ohio - 27.3.1927 Parke County / Indiana); er zog 1850 mit seinen Eltern nach Indiana und wurde Schmied und Farmarbeiter; aus Bridgeton / Indiana; 85th Indiana Infantry Co. G (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 107, 393); bei Kriegsende kehrte Coble nach Parke County zurück, wurde Farmer bei Rosedale; er war ein staunch Republican, holding the office of County Assessor und County Commissionar (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 393).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Coble, Samuel: Day Book of the 85th Indiana, Co. G, 1863 (Indiana Historical Society)

 

 

Coburn, John:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 33rd Regiment Indiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 14).

 

geboren am 27.10.1825 in Indianapolis; graduiert 1846 vom Wabash College in Indianapolis; Studium der Rechts­wissenschaften; Rechtsanwalt seit 1849; 1851 Abgeordneter im Indiana Parlament; 1852 Rechtsanwalt im Marion County bis 1859; 1859 zum Rich­ter ernannt (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn’s Brigade, a.a.O., S. 14). 1861 Regimentskommandeur 33rd Indiana Infan­try (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn’s Brigade, a.a.O., S. 14). Kommandeur von *Coburn’s Brigade; Gefangennahme beim Battle of Thompson's Station am 5.3.1863; nach seiner Freilassung ab 8.6.1863 Brigadekommandeur 3rd Brigade Coburn / 1st Division Brig­Gen Absalom *Baird / Reserve Corps BrigGen Gordon *Granger / Army of the Cumberland (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 107).

 

Photo:

- Welcher/Ligget, Coburn’s Brigade, a.a.O., Frontispiz

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Coburn, John (Col, 33rd Indiana Infantry): "Memoranda of the early service of the 33rd Regiment Indiana Volunteers" (ca. 1885); in: John Coburn Collection, Indiana Historical Society

- **Welcher, Frank and Larry G. Ligget: Coburn’s Brigade: 85th Indiana, 33rd Indiana, 19th Michigan, and 22nd Wisconsin in the Civil War; (Carmel, Ind.: Guild Press of Indiana, 1999)

 

 

Coburn, Robert S.:

US-Pvt; Co. H, 83rd Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 26, hier fehlerhaft als 'Robert L. Coburn' genannt); dann Co. G, 97th Re­giment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 26). Age, 34 years. Enlisted at New York city, to serve three years, and mustered in as private, Co. H, October 12, 1861; transferred to Co. O, Ninety-seventh Infantry, June 7, 1864 (vgl. Annual Report of the Adjutant-General of the State of New York: Registers of the 83rd Regiment New York Infantry, a.a.O., S. 537); discharged, October 10, 1864 (vgl. Annual Report of the Adjutant-General of the State of New York: Registers of the 97tr Regiment New York Infantry, a.a.O., S. 783).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Coburn, Robert S. (Pvt; Co. H, 83rd New York Infantry): Diary, Civil War Times Collection, US Army Military History Institute Archives, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania

 

 

Cochran, William H.:

CS-Pvt; Co. D, 25th Regiment Virginia Infantry (Heck's) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 11).

 

 

Cochrane, Benjamin Franklin:

CS-Private; aus Augusta County, Va.; Bruder von John H. *Cochrane; Co. E. 1st Virginia Cavalry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Cochrane Family: Letters, 1860-61. Augusta County, Virginia, family. Collection consists of fourteen letters written predominently by John H. Cochran in Richmond, Virginia, in the months between the election of Abraham Lincoln as U.S. President and the begin­ning of the Civil War. Cochran's letters, all to his mother in Augusta County, give a detailed and eloquent description of the events and feelings of the time, and show his intense loyalty to the Confederate cause. Cochran also wrote in the early months of the war as a private in Company A of the Wise Legion. Collection also includes letters from Cochran's brother, Benjamin Franklin ("Frank") Cochran, who was a private in Company E of the 1st Virginia Cavalry. Transcripts available. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 92-032).

 

 

Cochran, James C.:

CS-Col; im März 1862 Captain einer Virginia Miliz Company im Shenandoah Valley (vgl. Hotchkiss: Make me a Map of the Valley, a.a.O., S. 6). 14th Virginia Cavalry (vgl. Hotchkiss: Make me a Map of the Valley, a.a.O., S. 273 Anm. 7).

 

 

Cochrane, John:

US-BrigGen; 1813 - † 1898; Politiker aus New York; he had been a Congressman and Buchanan's appointee to the USMA Board of Visitors (vgl. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 161); he raised a regiment in 1861 (vgl. Sears: Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 2) and was commissioned Col 65th New York Infantry am 11.6.1861 und BrigGen USA 17.7.1862. He fought at Fair Oaks, Malvern Hill und Fredericksburg; er kommandierte 3rd Brigade, 1st Division IV. Army Corps (5.7.1862-26.8.1862) at Antietam und Williams­burg (vgl. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 161); in der Fredericksburg Campaign war er Brigadekommandeur in 3rd Divisi­on (John Newton) VI. Corps (18.10.1862 - Dezember 1862) (vgl. Sears: Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 1 ff. iVm. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O. S. 593 zu John Newton).

 

BrigGen John Cochrane war an der „Revolt of the Generals“ vom Dezember 1862 (nach dem verlorenen Battle of Fredericksburg) gegen MajGen Burnside beteiligt (vgl. Sears: Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 1 ff.; vgl. Wert: Army of the Potomac, a.a.O., S. 206). Cochrane and sein Divisionskommandeur MajGen John *Newton had not concocted this intrigue by themselves. They merely repre­sented the largest and boldest evidence of a general's revolt in the Army of the Potomac aimed at Burnside's overthrow, whose leaders were Cochrane's and Newton's immediate superiors, Major Generals William Franklin and William Smith (vgl. Sears: Chancellors­ville, a.a.O., S. 2; vgl. Wert: Army of the Potomac, a.a.O., S. 206). Beide trafen am 30.12.1862 mit Präsident Lincoln in dieser An­gelegenheit zu­sammen ( vgl. Wert: Army of the Potomac, a.a.O., S. 206), nachdem Cochrane das Treffen über Secretary of State Sal­mon P. Chase initiiert hatte (vgl. Sears: Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 2). Beide wußten sicher, daß ihr Vorhaben an Subordination grenz­te. Newton ad­mitted that they were in „a very delicate position“. At one point in the discussion Lincoln remarked that he thought that they meant „to injure General Burnside“. They denied it, replying that only patriotism motivated them. Lincoln thanked them for the informati­on, and the generals departed (vgl. Wert: Army of the Potomac, a.a.O., S. 206-207).

 

Lincoln gab die Namen Cochrane und Newton nicht weiter. Dennoch wurden diese bekannt. Zur 'Revolt of the Generals' nach dem Battle of Fredericksburg im Dezember 1862 (s. hierzu MajGen William Franklin, MajGen William Smith, MajGen John Newton, und MajGen John Cochrane) vermerkt der Befehlshaber der Washington Defenses, MajGen Samuel P. *Heintzelman in seinem Tagebuch: „... when zwo Generals came to town, saw Mr. Lincoln & he sent orders not to do ist“ (Anm. er gab Anweisung an Gen Burnside nicht erneut bei Fredericksburg über den Rappahannock anzugreifen“). Heintzelman had his own sources of inside information, and added: „I heard since the that Genls Newton & Cochrane who got leave from Gen. Gen. Franklin were the officers“. He could not un­derstand how „such conduct is tolerated“ (vgl. Sears: Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 10; vgl. Heintzelman Diary, a.a.O., 5.1.1863).

 

Resigning 25.2.1863 with a physical disability (vgl. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 161). Cochrane kandidierte als Vizeprä­sidentschaftskandidat Frémonts in der Wahl von 1864 (vgl. Welles, Diary II 41 ff.) und was later a *Tammany Hall leader (vgl. Boat­ner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 161).

 

 

Cochrane, John H.:

CS-Pvt; aus Augusta County, Virginia; Co. A of the Wise Legion; Bruder von Benjamin Franklin *Cochrane

 

Documents/Literature::

- Cochrane Family: Letters, 1860-61. Augusta County, Virginia, family. Collection consists of fourteen letters written predominently by John H. Cochran in Richmond, Virginia, in the months between the election of Abraham Lincoln as U.S. President and the begin­ning of the Civil War. Cochran's letters, all to his mother in Augusta County, give a detailed and eloquent description of the events and feelings of the time, and show his intense loyalty to the Confederate cause. Cochran also wrote in the early months of the war as a private in Company A of the Wise Legion. Collection also includes letters from Cochran's brother, Benjamin Franklin ("Frank") Cochran, who was a private in Company E of the 1st Virginia Cavalry. Transcripts available. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 92-032).

 

 

Cocke, Harrison H.:

CS-Capt; ehemaliger Offizier der US-Navy; Ruffin (vgl. Ruffin Diary II 9) berichtet am 25.4.1861, Cocke sei noch einige Wochen zuvor "the thorough, slavish & base submissionist" (d.h. Gegner der Sezession) gewesen, übertreffe jetzt jedoch sogar Ruffin in der Forderung nach harter Sezession; Ruffin hält Cocke für einen jobsuchenden Glücksritter; Cocke war am Bau des äußerst schlecht konstruierten Fort Powhatan am James River im April 1861 beteiligt. Ruffin (Ruffin, Diary II 26) bezeichnet Cocke als "incompetent, worthless for command" und unternimmt Schritte, dessen Ablösung zu erreichen (Ruffin, Diary II 27); Ruffin berichtet am 27.7.1861, daß Cocke von seinem Kommando, zur Errichtung der Befestigungen am James River, abgelöst worden ist (Ruffin Diary II 99).

 

 

Cocke, Philip St. George:

CS-BrigGen; 1809-1861; Universität of Virginia, anschließend West Point, graduated 1832 (6/45), Artillerie; retired 1834, anschlie­ßend Plantageneigner (er besaß 7 Plantagen) in Virginia und Mississippi und wurde zu einem herausragenden Farmer mit schriftstel­lerischen Ambitionen (vgl. Davis: Battle of Bull Run, a.a.O., S. 15-16); unterstützte finanziell intensiv das VMI (Virginia Military In­stitute); 21.4.1861 BrigGen der Virginia State Troops; kommandiert den Militärdistrikt am Potomac, (vgl. Davis: Battle of Bull Run, a.a.O., S. 28; Freeman: Robert E. Lee, a.a.O., S. 505, 513) und war mit seinen geringen Truppen im Mai 1861 bei Manassas Junction stationiert (vgl. Freeman: Robert E. Lee, a.a.O., S. 505); sein erstes Hauptquartier war Culpeper Courthouse (vgl. Freeman: Robert E. Lee, a.a.O., S. 505 Anm. 104). Ruffin hat erhebliche Zweifel an der Eignung Cocke's (vgl. Ruffin Diary II 13); seit Ende Mai Col CSA-Troops. Im Juni 1861 war Col Philip St. George Cocke mit der 19th Virginia Infantry in Culpeper C. H. stationiert (vgl. Black­ford: Letters from Lee's Army, a.a.O., S. 12). Blackford beschreibt ihn als "an excitable person, with an exaggerated opinion of the importance of his position as commander in Culpeper. He had around him a number of young snobs, who, in the capacity of his aids, were rendering him ridiculous and themselves odious" (vgl. Blackford, a.a.O., S. 12). Brigadekommandeur 5th Brigade in 1st Manas­sas; seit 21.10.1861 BrigGen; kurz darauf gesundheitlich schwer angeschlagen nach Hause zurückgekehrt; Selbstmord am 25.12.1861 (vgl. Longacre: Pickett, a.a.O., S. 62; Alexander, E. Porter: "Sketch of Longstreet's Division," Southern Historical Socie­ty Papers, 9 (1881): 515; Boatner gibt dagegen den 26.12.1861 an); in 1st Bull Run war Cocke Brigadekommandeur der Fifth Briga­de (1st Louisiana Battalion, 8th Virginia, 18th Virginia, 19th Virginia, 28th Virginia, 49th Virginia). Cocke war z. Zt. seines Selbst­mords Brigadekommandeur der, seit 1st Bull Run *Cock Game Brigade, genannten Brigade (vgl. Longacre: Pickett, a.a.O., S. 62).

 

Photo:

- Davis: Battle of Bull Run, a.a.O., nach S. 106

 

 

Cockerill, John A.:

US-Musician; Co. F&S, 24th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park soldiers M552 Roll 20).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Cockerill, John A.: „A Boy at Shiloh.“ Under Both Flags (Chicago, 1896).

 

 

Cockerill, Joseph R.:

US-Col; in der Vorkriegszeit Politiker der Democratic Party (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 171); Col 70th Ohio Infantry; Im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh gehörte die 70th Ohio Infantry zur 4th Brigade Col Ralph P. *Buckland 5th Division BrigGen William T. Sherman in Grant's Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 320, 131); Daniel gibt als Regimentskommandeur in Shiloh “Col De Will Clinton Loudon an (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 131); die Angabe ist allerdings falsch, im Battle of Shiloh war Col Joseph R. *Cockerill Regimentskommandeur der 70th Ohio Infantry (vgl. Grant, U. S.: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh; in: B&L, vol. I, a.a.O., S. 538; DeHaas, Wills: Battle of Shiloh; in Annals of the War, a.a.O., S. 681).

 

 

Cockrell, Francis M.:

CS-Col; zunächst First Sergeant, Co. E, 6th Regiment Missouri Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M390 Roll 9).

 

Eingesetzt in Grant's Vicksburg Campaign auf der Louisiana Seite gegenüber Grand Gulf; Cockrell überquerte auf Befehl von BrigGen *Bowen am 4.4.1863 mit Cockrell's Brigade (1st und 2nd Missouri Infantry sowie einer Section der Artillerie) den Missi­ssippi von Grand Gulf nach Hard Times, wo er mit McClernand's auf dem Vormarsch gegen New Carthage befindlichen Vorhut am 8.4.1863 bei Ione Plantation Fühlung nahm (Winschel, Triumph and Defeat, a.a.O., S. 22; Karte bei Winschel, a.a.O., S. 23). Ione Plantation wurde von der 69th Indiana unter Col. Thomas W. Bennett verteidigt (Winschel, a.a.O., S. 24). Am 15.4.1863 griff Cock­rell mit der 1st Missouri den US-Kavallerievorposten bei Dunbar's Plantation und mit den übrigen Teilen bei Ione Plantation Bennet­t's 69th Indiana Infantry an.

 

Photo:

- Winschel, Triumph and Defeat, a.a.O., S. 22

 

Documents/Literature::

- Anderson, Ephraim McD.: Memoirs: Historical and Personal; Including the Campaigns of the First Missouri Confederate Brigade; edited by Edwin C. Bearss (Dayton, 1972)

 

 

Cody, Darwin:

US-Quartermaster Sergeant; 1st Regiment Ohio Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 20).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Cody, Darwin: "Letters of Cody Darwin", Ohio History 68 (1959), S. 394-95 (erwähnt bei Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 574 n 14)

 

 

Cody, William (Buffalo Bill):

als 15jähriger war Cody Postreiter des Pony Express (vgl. Josephy: The Civil War in the West, a.a.O., S. 9). 'Col' Cody besaß in den 1850er Jahren eine große Farm in Kansas und nahm auf der Seite der Abolitionisten oder Free Staters am Wakarusa War teil (vgl. Williams, E. W. (ed.): With the Border Ruffians. Memories of the Far West, 1852-1868 by R. H. Williams (New York: E. P. Dutton and Co., 1907); Bibliothek Ref Internet-Datei, MilAmerik125, S. 41-43, 49).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Cody, William F.: An Autobiography of Buffalo Bill Cody (New York, 1920)

 

 

Coe, Hamlin Alexander:

US-Third Sergeant; Co. E, 19th Regiment Michigan Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M545 Roll 8); Coe joined the 19th Michigan and was made a Corporal within a week. He served for three years with this unit fighting against Morgan's Cavalry and with Sherman in Atlanta

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Coe, Hamlin Alexander: Mine Eyes have seen the Glory: Combat Diaries of Union Sergeant Hamlin Alexander Coe. (ed. David Coe; Cranbury, N. J.; Fairleigh Dickinson Press: Rutherford 1975)

 

 

Coey, James:

US-Captain; 147th New York Infantry Brig; BrigGen Lysander *Cutler 1st Division BrigGen James S. *Wadsworth I Army Corps MajGen Abner *Doubleday, Meade's Army of the Potomac und nahm am Battle von Gettysburg teil.; am 1.7.1863 eingesetzt im Rah­men von Cutler's Brigade nördlich des Bloody Railroad Gap (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 111, 117, 118).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Coey, James: "Cutler's Brigade", National Tribune, 17. July 1915

 

 

Coffee, Alexander:

CS-Pvt; Clutter's Company Virginia Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 11).

 

 

Coffee, Alexander B.:

CS-1stLt; Co. A, 17th Battalion Tennessee Cavalry (Sanders') (vgl. National Park Soldiers M231 Roll 9).

 

 

Coffee, Alexander D.:

CS-Captain; Co. C, 16th Regiment Alabama Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 9).

 

 

Coffin, Charles Carleton:

US-Journalist; Coffin was a War Correspondent who wrote a number of books about the war and soldiers.

 

Documents/Literature::

- Coffin, Charles C. Drum-Beat of the Nation (Harper Bros, N.Y. 1898)

- Coffin, Charles C.: Eyewitness to Gettysburg (White Mane); Taken from Coffin's "Marching to Victory," this details the horror of the battlefield after Pickett's Charge where wounded were calling for help. Coffin was a War Correspondent who wrote a number of books about the war and soldiers.

- Coffin, Charles C.: Marching to Victory (Harper Bros, N.Y. 1889)

- Coffin, Charles C.: Redeeming the Republic: The Third Period of the War of the Rebellion in the Year 1864 (Harper Bros, N.Y. 1890)

- Coffin, Charles C.: Stories of our Soldiers: War Reminiscenses by "Carleton" and by Soldiers of New England (1st Edition); Con­taining stories written and published in the Boston Journal, as well as the original illustrations that accompanied the articles, 262 pp plus errata

- Coffin, Charles Carleton: Four Years of Fighting: A Volume of Personal Observations with the Army and Navy (Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 1866

 

 

Cogley, Thomas C.:

US-Lt; 7th Indiana Cavalry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Cogley, Thomas C. (1st Lieutenant, Co. "F"): History of the Seventh Indiana Cavalry (1876, reprint Morningside, 306 pp, Index, Rosters, Photos)

 

 

Cogswell, Leander:

US-Captain; Co. 'D' 11th New Hampshire Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Cogswell, Leander (Capt, Co "D"): A History of the 11th New Hampshire Regiment Volunteer Infantry in the Rebellion War 1861-1865 ( Concord 1891)

 

 

Cogswell, Milton:

US-Colonel 42nd New York Infantry ("Tammany Regiment"; vgl Farwell, Ball's Bluff, a.a.O., S. 53). Cogswell war Berufsoffizier; West Point (11/42); anschließend Inspektionsoffizier in West Point (Schofield: Forts-Six Years, a.a.O., S. 13); bei Kriegsbeginn war Cogswell Captain der US-Army.

 

 

Cogswell, William:

US-Col; im Oktober 1863 war Cogswell Regimentskommandeur 2nd Massachusetts Infantry / Slocum's XII Army Corps (vgl. Wel­cher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 149).

 

 

Cogswell, William S.:

US-Major; Co. IFS, 5th Regiment Connecticut Infantry; Cogswell trat als 1stLt in das Regiment ein; später Captain Co,. I (vgl. National Park Soldiers M353 Roll 4);

 

Das 5tr Regiment Connecticut Infantry gehörte 1862 zu Pope's Army of Virginia. Cogswell kommandierte am 28.7.1862 eine Erkundung von Culpe­per, Va. nach *Racoon Ford, Va. (Ortschaft in Virginia und Flußübergang über den Rapidan River nördlich von *Orange Court House [Karte bei Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 18; Davis Nr. 23. 4 und 85.3], 5 Meilen östlich von Mitchell's Ford). Cogswell be­schreibt die Furt als sehr gut passierbar, bei niedrigen Wasser nur knietief (vgl. Williams S. Cogswell's Report OR 12 [2] S. 109-110).

 

 

Coker, James L.:

CS-Major; zunächst Captain; Co. G, 9th Regiment South Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M381 Roll 7); später Captain Co. E, 6th Regiment South Carolina Infantry, dann Major Co. F&S, 6th Regiment South Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Sol­diers M381 Roll 7).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Coker, James L.: History of Company G Ninth S.C. Regiment, Infantry S.C. Army and of Company E, Sixth S.C. Regiment Infantry C.S. Army (The Attic Press: Greenwood, S.C.)

 

 

Coker, Francis Marion:

CS-+++; Teilnahme am Battle of Fredericksburg 1862 (vgl. Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 75 Anm. 17)

 

Documents/Literature::

- Coker, Francis Marion: Letter to his Wife vom 18.12.1862 (Hodgson Heidler Collection, University of Georgia, Athens)

 

 

Coker, Francis „Frank“ M.:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 11th Battalion, Georgia Artillery (Sumter Artillery) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 13).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Coker, Frank: Letter to wife 18.3.1863; Heidler Collection, Hargrett Library, University of Georgia

 

 

Colburn, Ledyard:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 12th Regiment Connecticut Infantry; Colburn trat als LtCol in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 4); Battle of Georgia Landing bei *Labadieville / Louisiana am 27.10.1862 (vgl. Nosworthy: Bloody Crucible, a.a.O., S. 8).

 

 

Colby, Enoch, jr.:

US-1stLt; 1st Regiment Illinois Light Artillery (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 17).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Colby, E., Jr.: Letters (Shiloh National Military Park, Shiloh / Tennessee)

 

 

Colcock, Col.:

CS-Col; erwähnt bei Chestnut: A Diary of Dixie, a.a.O., S. 2

 

 

Colding, John B.:

CS-+++; Co. G, 60th Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. Gallagher: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 223n6)

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Colding, John B.: Papers, Georgia Department of Archives and History

 

 

Cole, Arthur C.:

amerikanischer Historiker der Irrepressible-Conflict-School (vgl. Vorbemerkung); geboren 1886 in Ann Arbor / Michigan, graduiert 1907 an der University von Michigan; seit 1912 Professor an der University of Illinois +++ s. weiter Simon; in Vorwort zu Cole, Aera of the Civil War, a.a.O., S. xii

 

- Cole, Arthur C.: The Irrepressible Conflikt, 1850-1865 (A History of American Life, vol. 7; 1934)

- Cole, Arthur C.: The Era of the Civil War 1848-1870 (= Volume 3 Centennial History of Illinois), 1919, reprint 1987

 

 

Cole, Arthur H.:

CS-Col; Stabsmitglied im CS-Quartermaster Department in Richmond; Cole wurde im April 1864 nach Dalton zu Johnston's Army of Tennessee gesandt, um die Transportkapazitäten von Johnston's Army zu überprüfen (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 102; OR 32.3: 772-774).

 

 

Cole, Dan:

US-Scout

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol II, a.a.O., S. 96

 

 

Cole, Danford D.:

US-Pvt; Co H 12th Michigan Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Danford D. Cole: Letters, 1865-1866, and legal file, 1892-1909; 37 items. Twenty-two letters from Private Danford D. Cole, Com­pany H, Twelfth Michigan Infantry, to his wife, Eunice, in Andover, New York. Four letters, March 2-24, 1865, are from Camp Blair, Jackson, Michigan. Four letters, dated May 15 - June 1, 1865, are from DuVall's Bluff (Prairie County). The balance, dated July 4, 1865, to January 4, 1866, are from Washington (Hempstead County) and Camden (Ouachita County). The letters comment on the feelings of the civilian population of Arkansas and their reactions to the end of the war, including a few interesting incidents of conti­nued resistance after the closing of hostilities. The legal documents pertain to Eunice Cole's efforts in securing a widow's pension from the Federal government after Danford's death. (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compi­led by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Cole, Henry A.:

US-Col; Co. A und F&S, 1st Regiment, Maryland Cavalry, Potomac Home Brigade; Cole stellte zunächst als Captain die Co. A des Regiments auf (vgl. National Park Soldiers M388 Roll 2).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Tischler, Allan L: The History of the Harper‘s Ferry Expedition, September 14 & 15, 1862 (Five Cedars Press, 1993); 345 pp; Map­ped Endpapers; Photos; Fold-Out Maps; Index; Biblio; Notes; Appendices. Detail of cavalry actions at Harpers Ferry between Cole's Cavalry (1st Maryland), 12th Virginia Cavalry, Loudoun Rangers, 7th Rhode Island Cavalry, 12th Illinois Cavalry, 8th New York Ca­valry

 

 

Cole, Jacob H.:

US-Pvt; Co. A&G, 57th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 26).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Cole, Jacob H. (Co. A, 57th N.Y.): Under Five Commanders (News Printing Co. Patterson N.J., 1906)

 

 

Cole, William H.:

US-Pvt; Co. K, 109th Regiment New York Infantry

 

The case of Pvt. William H. Cole, 109th New York Volunteer Infantry, resulted in several letters and petitions sent on his behalf. Cole was charged with raping Mrs. Olivia (Alvisa) Brown, a fifty-five-year-old woman, while stationed near Laurel, Maryland. In the spring of 1864 Cole was convicted and sentenced to ten years of hard labor at a penitentiary in New York. The sentence was appro­ved by President Lincoln (vgl. General Orders, No. 170, War Department, Apr. 21, 1864, RG 94, NARA). Four members of the 109th New York Infantry submitted an affidavit on Cole's behalf. Privates Bills, Brink, Tripp, and Quinn claimed that the inhabitants of the house where the alleged rape took place (Nicholas and Alvisa Brown and their daughter, Ellen Elizabeth England) were not moral ci­tizens. "We each of us further depose that we are satisfied that the said Alvisa and the said Ellen are lewd women and that the said Nicholas Brown is cognizant of the fact that they keep a bawdy house."

 

The colonel and lieutenant colonel of the 109th New York Regiment also submitted a letter to Abraham Lincoln. In the letter the co­lonels state that "this crime when committed upon a strictly virtuous woman we have nothing to say. We admit it's enormity and con­cede that no punishment can be too severe." The officers go on to state in regard to Mrs. Brown, "that the character of the woman if not absolutely bad, was such at least as was well calculated to invite the advances of a soldier. She is not a woman of fair reputation in her neighborhood and beyond question she encouraged soldiers to visit her house where she supplied them with whiskey & where her conversation and conduct were well calculated to influence and excite to violence the passions of a drunken man." The colonels claimed that Cole had been sufficiently punished by time already served in jail and recommended that he be returned to duty. Capt. William Warwick, commanding Company K, submitted a letter stating that Private Cole's "conduct as a soldier was good" and that he knows the family reputation of Nicholas Brown and "that the reputation of the said family is bad." He further endorsed the reliability of the statements made in the affidavit by Bills, Brink, Tripp, and Quinn.

 

Thirty-five citizens from Nichols, New York, signed a petition to President Lincoln in July of 1864 requesting that Private Cole be pardoned and returned to his unit. In the petition members of his community wrote, "Your petitioners further represent that we have been acquainted with the said William H. Cole from his childhood and that he has been a peaceable and quiet citizen and that we have never heard any charge or complaint against him or anything against his character as a good citizen except that he was occasio­nally a little wild." In light of all the letters and petitions Lincoln finally wrote, "Pardon, according to above request." (File NN751, entry 15, Court-Martial Case Files, RG 153, NARA. Part of this case is related in Thomas P. Lowry, The Story the Soldiers Wouldn't Tell: Sex in the Civil War1 [1994], pp. 128-129). President Lincoln pardoned Pvt. William H. Cole the same day the request was made by Congressman Giles Waldo Hotchkiss of New York. (NARA, Records of the Office of the Judge Advocate General (Army), RG 153). Cole was spared the remaining ten years of hard labor, released from the penitentiary in Albany, New York, and returned to duty with the 109th New York (vgl. Special Orders, No. 264, War Department, Aug. 9, 1864, RG 94, NARA).

 

 

Coleman, Augustus H.:

US-LtCol; Co. F&S, 11th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 20).

 

11th Ohio Infantry; Coleman kommandierte im Sommer einen US-Vorposten in Gauley, West Virginia (vgl. Report von LtCol Augustus H. Coleman OR 12 [2] S. 108).

 

20.10.1829 Miami County / Ohio - † gef. 17.9.1862 Antietam

 

One of the heroes of the war of the Rebellion whose memory is proudly cherished by the citizens of Miami county is Augustus H. Coleman, the son of Dr. Asa and Mary Kiefer Coleman. His ancestors were of Revolutionary stock, and in every war of the nation from that of 1776 some of the family have been soldiers. Colonel Coleman was born in Troy, October 29, 1829, and received his elementary education in the Troy schools. In June, 1847, he entered as a cadet the Military Academy at West Point, from which he graduated a fine scholar, and a thorough soldier in 1851. After his graduation he returned home, and occupied himself in the peaceful life of a farmer. When President Lincoln issued his call for seventy-five thousand men, A. H. Colemnn responded, and in forty-eight hours he raised Company D, Eleventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and went with them to Columbus, Ohio, where he was unanimously chosen captain of the company, when they reached Columbus April 26, 1861. Upon the organization of the regiment he was made major, his commission bearing date April 29, 1861. The regiment re-enlisted for three years, and was mustered into service on the 20th of June, 1861, and on the 7th Of July was ordered to the Kanawha valley, and attached to the division of troops commanded by General J. D. Cox. Major Coleman was promoted to the rank of lieutenant-colonel on the 9th of January, 1862. His military education was of great benefit to the regiment, for he was a. good drill master, and in a short time had brought the command to such a high standard of drill and discipline that its reputation extended all through the army, and it was always called upon to serve when the duty was hard, and demanded the best drilled troops. There was some dissatisfaction at the rigid discipline, but when the experience of war made the men veterans they appreciated the military instructions of the officer, and loved the man for his thoughtful care of his men and his gallant bravery. In time of danger and peril he was especially vigilant and watchful, and took every precaution against surprise, visiting his picket lines in person, and remaining near the most exposed positions. On the 12th of September, 1862, the Kanawha division, under the command of General Cox, was moving on the rebel lines near Frederick City, Maryland, and in the battle the rebels captured two pieces of artillery. General Cox called to Colonel Coleman: "Will the Eleventh recover those guns?" The colonel formed his men, gave the orders, led the attack, and with a shout defiance the gallant Ohio boys dashed at the rebels, drove them from the guns, and with the spirit of battle upon them they pressed on the rebel lines, advanced into the city, and only halted in their brave and gallant charge when the enemy was defeated and in hasty retreat. The next day the battle of South Mountain was fought, and the regiment and its colonel won new laurels for splendid work on the field of battle. In that engagement circumstances were such that Colonel Coleman not only showed that he was an efficient commander of a regiment, but he displayed the ability that marks a successful commander and had his life been spared he would have soon been trusted as a general.
In the battle of Antietam this flower of the chivalry of Miami county died while leading his regiment across the famous stone bridge. On the 7th of September an assault was ordered on the stone bridge, but the enemy's fire was so severe that the troops wavered and fell back. Then came an order from General McClellan, "Carry the bridge at all hazards." The troops were reformed, and the Eleventh Regiment was placed in front, to lead the storming party. Steadily, swiftly and with the resolution to conquer or die, Coleman led his gallant men on the bullet-swept bridge, and there was mortally wounded. Seeing their colonel fall, the regiment wavered for a moment, and then to revenge their colonel's death, they rallied, pressed on, crossed the bridge, scaled the bluffs and drove the rebels from their position. And thus died on the field of honor one of the bravest soldiers Miami county ever sent forth to battle for the Union and the flag. Before the war he was married to Miss Clara Shaffer, and by this union had two children, Rachael Angusta and George Edwin, both of them married and living in the state of Washington. His widow, after the war, married A. R. Byrkett, an able lawyer, and they are also living in the state of Washington. The Grand Army Post of Troy bears the name of the A. H. Coleman Post. The Women's Relief Corps bears the name of Coleman, and some time in the future the writer hopes that a monument will be erected in the public square of Troy to the memory of the gallant soldiers of Miami county who fell upon the field of battle (vgl. Miami County / OH, Biography 1990, in: findagrave.com, Abruf v. 30.3.2017)

 

 

Coleman, Clayton G.:

CS-LtCol, später Surgeon; 1840 Roxbury, New Kent County / Va. - 7.10.1908; VMI 1856-1858; graduierte nicht; coleman verlies das VMI 1858 und studierte anschließend Medizin an der University of Virginia und am Medical College of Virginia; dort graduiert März 1861; Lt Col 23rd Virginia Infantry (1861-62), anschließend Physician im Confederate Medical Department; nach Kriegsende zu­nächst als Arzt tätig; 1871 Civil Engineer; verheiratet mit Anna Sherrard Breedin, der Tochter von Enoch C. und Lucy Singleton Breedin aus Winchester / Va.

 

Documents/Literature::

- Coleman, Clayton G. (Lt Col 23rd Virginia Infantry): Papers (VMI-Archive)

 

 

Coleman, Lewis Minor:

CS-LtCol; +++Virginia Artillery; Vorkriegszeit Professor für Latein und Literatur an der Universität of Virginia; obwohl er aufgrund seines Alters und Berufs nicht zum Militärdienst eingezogen werden konnte, schloß sich Coleman als Private der Virginia Artillery an; im Battle of Fredericksburg auf dem rechten CS-Flügel eingesetzt, erlitt er am 13.12.1862 eine schmerzhafte Bein-Verwundung an der an Wundbrand nach langer Agonie am 21.3.1863 starb (vgl..: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 68-70).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Burrows, John Lansing: The Christian Scholar and Soldier. Memoirs of Lewis Minor Coleman ... Lieut. Col First Regiment Virginia Artillery (Richmond: Smith, Bailey, 1864)

 

 

Coleman, Thomas K.:

CS-Major; zunächst Captain Co C, dann Major 4th Alabama Infantry; gefallen im Battle of Chickamauga

 

 

Coleman, Tom:

CS-++++; 11th Texas Cavalry; Teilnahme am Battle of Pea Ridge am 7.3.1862 (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 97).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Coleman, Tom (11th Texas Cavalry)Coleman Letters; in: Coleman-Hayter Letters, University of Missouri; Columbia, Western Historical Manuscript Collection

- Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 84).

 

 

Coler, William N.:

US-Col, 25th Illinois Infantry; im Frühjahr 1862 gehörte das Regiment zur 1st Brigade Col Peter J. Osterhaus in 1st Division Peter J. Osterhaus in Samuel Ryan Curtis' Army of the South West. Besetzung von Springfield Missouri am 13.1.1862, Battle of Pea Ridge (vgl. Shea / Hess, Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 331).

 

 

Coles, Robert Thornton Jr.:

CS-+++, aus Madison County; 4th Alabama Infantry, Adjutant 4th Alabama Infantry; im Battle of Gaines Mill verwundet.

 

Photo:

- Penny / Laine: Law's Alabama Brigade, a.a.O., S. 11

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Coles, Robert T.: From Huntsville to Appomattox: R. T. Coles's History of 4th Regiment, Alabama Volunteer Infantry, C.S.A., Army of Northern Virginia, ed. by Jeffrey D. Stocker. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1996 [Original manuscript at Alabama De­partment of Archives and History, Montgomery, AL]

 

 

Colgrove, Silas:

US-Col, 1862 Col. 27th Indiana Infantry, Battle of Cedar Mountain (vgl. Battles and Leaders Vol. II., S. 496); die 27th Indiana rückte während der Abwehr von Lee's Maryland Campaign am 12.9.1862 in das von CS-Truppen frei gewordene *Frederick City / Mary­land ein, wo zwei Soldaten von Peter *Kop's Company Robert E. Lee's Gesamtbefehl für die Maryland Campaign vom 9.9.1862 fan­den. Colgrove erkannte sofort die Bedeutung des Fundes und leitete ihn direkt an das Corpskommando des XII Army Corps Joseph K. F. *Mansfield weiter (vgl. Sears, Landscape Turned Red, a.a.O., S. 112).

 

 

Collier, Elizabeth:

Elizabeth Collier was a young woman who lived at Everittsville, a village near Goldsboro, N.C. In 1865, she took refuge in Hillsbo­rough, N.C. The collection contains the Civil War diary of Collier, which details her reactions to the war.

 

The diary entry of Elizabeth Collier on April 20, 1865, covered the last few days of fighting in Bentonville, and interaction between the women of her family and Union soldiers who have begun to pillage Goldsboro for supplies and necessities. Collier, a passionate supporter of the Confederate forces, refused entry to many soldiers who are in search of supplies. She used words such as “cowardly” and “wretches” to describe the soldiers as they held a gun to the “helpless women” demanding they give supplies to him. She descri­bed that while they were left alone inside their home after this incident, the Union forces destroyed the majority of their property out­side of the home. Collier described one soldier that described the Collier family and "felt sorry" for them since they had so little for the soldiers to take. In the end of the diary entry Collier discussed her and her family leaving Goldsboro by way of Confederate pro­tection. When she saw the Confederate soldiers she described them as "bright, open, and cheerful." (vgl. Collier, Elizabeth, Diary of Elizabeth Collier, April 20, 1865, Civil War Era NC, accessed June 12, 2015, http://history.ncsu.edu/projects/ cwnc/items/show/664).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Collier, Elizabeth Collier Diary 1861-1865, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

 

 

Collins, George K.:

US-Captain, 149th New York Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Collins, Capt George K.: Memoirs of the 149th New York Volunteers (Syracuse: Published by the Author, 1891); history covering organization in 1862 until the Grand Review. Written by the Regimental Historian, this book covers camp life, duty in and around Harper's Ferry and the Shenandoah and battles at Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Lookout Mountain, Chattanooga, Kenesaw Mountain, Atlanta, the March to the Sea with complete rosters of unit; 480 pp, illustrated

 

 

Collins, George P.:

CS-2ndLt; Co. G., 17th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (2nd Organization) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 8); aus North Carolina (vgl. Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 10 iVm. S. 224N18).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Collins, George P. (2ndLt; Co. G., 17th North Carolina Infantry): Letter to Miss Mary 18.8.1863, Pettigrew Family Papers, North Carolina Division of Archives and History

 

 

Collins, Josiah:

CS-1stLt; Co. K, 1st Regiment North Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 8).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Collins, Josiah: Papers. North Carolina Division of Archives and History

 

 

Collins, M. N.:

US-LtCol; während Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 1863 war Collins Regimentskommandeur der 11th New Hampshire Infantry, 2nd Division Potter, IX Army Corps John G. Parke (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, a.a.O., vol. III S. 1145).

 

 

Collis, Charles Henry Tucky:

US-Col 114th Pennsylvania Infantry; Collis' original command, an independent company of Zouaves d'Afrique, battled Stonewall Jackson in the 1862 Shenandoah Valley campaign. Recruited in the summer of 1862 from Philadelphia and surrounding counties, its members were older and more highly skilled than the average Union soldier. Collis' Zouaves participated in many of the major battles of the war, including Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and Petersburg. Collis erhielt für sein Verhalten im Battle of Fre­dericksburg 1862 im Jahr 1893 die Congressional Medal of Honor (vgl. Beyer / Keydel [eds.]: Deeds of Valor, a.a.O., S. 112/13).

 

Photo:

- Beyer / Keydel, a.a.O., S. 112

 

 

Colquitt, Alfred Holt:

1824-1894; CS-BrigGen; 1844 Graduate von Princeton; Rechtsanwalt; im Mexiko Krieg Staff Major, anschließend Mitglied des US House of Representatives und des Georgia Senats; Colquitt war ein glühender Anhänger der Sezession; bereits Ausbruch der Feindse­ligkeiten wurde er zum Captain einer Kompanie im 6th Georgia Regiment und im Mai 1861 zum Colonel 6th Georgia Infantry ge­wählt. Colquitt wurde bald Brigade Kommandeur von *Colquitt’s Brigade; eingesetzt bei Antietam, South Mountain/Turner’s Gap (dort Gegner der *Iron Brigade; Karte bei Gramm, Kent: „They must be made on Iron“. The Ascent of South Mountain; in: Nolan/Vi­pond: Giants in their Black Hats. Essays on the Iron Brigade, a.a.O, S. 19), Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville. Die Brigade umfaßte 5 Regimenter mit ca. 1100 Mann: 6th Georgia, 23rd Georgia, 27th Georgia, 28th Georgia, 13th Alabama, 1 Art. Battery (Gramm, a.a.O., S. 18).

 

Nach der umstrittenen Führung Colquitt’s in der Schlacht von Chancellorsville wird die Brigade nach North Carolina verlegt und tritt erst wieder 1863 bei der Verteidigung von Charleston in Erscheinung. Anschließend wird sie in Flori­da eingesetzt (umfaßt jetzt 6th Georgia, 19th Georgia, 23rd Georgia, 27th Georgia, 28th Georgia, Chatham Georgia Artillery, Leon Light Florida Artillery) und nimmt erfolgreich als „Held von Olustee“ an der Schlacht von Olustee teil. Anschließend 1864-65 in Lee’s Army of Virginia und dann bis Kriegsende Einsatz mit seiner Brigade in North Carolina. Nach dem Krieg war Colquitt Gouver­neur von Georgia und später US-Senator.

 

 

Colston, Frederick M.:

CS-Captain; früherer Untergebener von Edward Alexander Porter in dessen Battalion of Artillery (vgl. Gallagher: Introduction zu Porter: "Fighting for the Confederacy", a.a.O., S. xvi); 1863 war Colston Captain in einem Battalion in E. P. Alexander's Artillery, I. Army Corps Longstreet (vgl. Colston, Frederick M.: "Gettysburg as We Saw It"; in: Confederate Veteran 5 [1897], S. 551).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Campbell-Colston Papers, Southern Historical Collection, folder 16 (Fundstelle bei Gallagher: Introduction zu Porter: "Fighting for the Confederacy", a.a.O., S. 555 Anm. 16)

- Colston, Frederick M.: "The Campaign of Gettysburg"; in Campbell-Colston Papers, Southern Historical Collection

- Colston, Frederick M.: "Gettysburg as We Saw It"; in: Confederate Veteran 5 (1897), S. 551-53

 

 

Colston, Raleigh Edward:

CS-BrigGen.; in der Vorkriegszeit Major und Professor am *Virginia Military Institut in Lexington / VA (vgl. Wood, James H. [Cap­tain Co. "D", 37th Virginia Infantry Regiment]: "The War - 'Stonewall' Jackson, His Campaigns and Battles. The Regiment as I saw Them." a.a.O., S. 7). Colston war vermutlich unter dem Pseudonym *"R.E.C." der Autor eines einflußreichen Artikels im 'Southern Literary Messenger' vom Januar 1858 über Infanterietak­tik der französischen Chasseur à Pied und der Zouaven im Algerienkrieg sowie der Auswirkungen moderner Infanterie­waffen und die Auswirkungen auf moderne Infanterietaktik, und deren Übernahme durch französische und preußische Taktik-Theore­tiker (vgl. Nos­worthy: Bloody Crucible, a.a.O., S. 87-88). Nach Kriegsausbruch wurde Colston Col 16th Virginia Infantry (vgl. Nos­worthy: Bloody Crucible, a.a.O., S. 88).

 

 

Coltart, J. G.:

CS-Col; 26th Alabama Infantry; im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh am 6.4.1862 gehörte das Regiment zur 1st Brigade Brig­Gen Adley H. Gladden 2nd Division BrigGen Jones M. Withers II. Army Corps MajGen Braxton Bragg in A. S. Johnston’s Army of the Mississippi (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 321); eingesetzt am frühen Morgen des 6.4.1862 beim erfolgreichen CS-Angriff bei Spain Field südlich Shiloh Church gegen die US-Truppen bestehend aus 2nd Brigade Col Madison Miller 6th Division BrigGen Ben­jamin M. *Prentiss in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 156 mit Karte S. 146).

 

 

 

Colwell, Wilson:

US-Captain; Co. B, 2nd Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 6).

 

13.4.1827 in Kittanning, Pennsylvania - † 14.9.1862 gef. Battle of South Mountain (vgl. Nolan: Giants in their Black Hats, a.a.O., S. 22); er ging möglicherweise absichtlich in den Tod, nachdem ein Unbekannter in einem Brief an den Wisconsin Governor unbegrün­dete Zweifel am persönlichen Mut von Colwell geäußert hatte (vgl. Nolan: Giants in their Black Hats, a.a.O., S. 22). Colwell war bei seinen Soldaten sehr geschätzt (vgl. Nolan: Giants in their Black Hats, a.a.O., S. 16).

 

Colwell stammte aus Industriellenfamilie (Eisenwerke); nach Studi­um am Jefferson College arbeitete Colwell mit seinem Vater zu­sammen, zog später nach La Crosse, Wisconsin und gründete dort 1858 die Katanyan Bank, die bis Kriegsausbruch prosperierte; Re­publikaner (vgl. Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O., S. 35, 37-39, 71). Kurz vor Kriegsausbruch war Colwell zum Major von La Crosse gewählt worden (vgl. Nolan: Giants in their Black Hats, a.a.O., S. 22).

 

Photo:

- www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 31.5.2016 (Photo zeigt Colwell in Paradeuniform

- Nolan: Giants in their Black Hats, a.a.O., S. 21

 

 

Comly, James Munroe Stuart:

US-BrigGen; 1832-87; aus Ohio; 24.10.1861 Major 23rd Ohio Infantry. Bei Pack's Ferry, WVa. befand sich im Sommer 1862 ein US-Stützpunkt von 4 Kompanien der 23rd Ohio Infantry unter Major James M. Comly, der am 6.8.1862 von einem CS-Regiment un­ter Führung von CS-Col Gabriel C. Wharton aus Richtung Peterstown angegriffen wurde (vgl. Report von Jakob D. Cox OR 12 [2] S. 127; Report Col E. Parker Scammon OR 12 [2] S. 128; Report MajGen William W. Loring OR 12 [2] S. 129; Karte bei Davis Nr. 141). LtCol 24.10.1862; Col 11.1.1865; BrigGen war Service. Comly war Journalist, Zeitungsverleger und ein bekannter Historiker (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 168).

 

 

Compton, Charles E.:

US-LtCol; Co. F&S, 53rd Regiment US Colored Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M589 Roll 18); zuvor Major Co. F&S, 47th Regiment US Colored Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M589 Roll 18); zuvor Captain, Co. I, 11th Regiment Iowa Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M541 Roll 5), zuerst Sergeant/Sergeant Major, Co. A, 1st Regiment Iowa Infantry (3 months, 1861) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M541 Roll 5).

 

Compton war im im April 1865 Passagier auf der USS Sultana (eingeschifft am 20.4.1865 in New Orleans [vgl. Salecker: Disaster on the Mississippi, a.a.O., S. 34]); entging jedoch dem Untergang des Schiffes, da er bereits in Memphis 'disembarked' (vgl. Passagierliste der USS Sultana, abgedruckt bei Salecker: Disaster on the Mississippi, a.a.O., S. 223).

 

 

Compton, B. S.:

US-Col; 14th Missouri Infantry (Birge's Sharpshooters);

 

Das Regiment gehörte im Battle of Shiloh unter Col Compton zur 2nd Briga­de BrigGen John *McArthur 2nd Division W.H.L. Wallace Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 319; Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh, B & L, a.a.O., I, S. 537 ff).

 

 

Compton, George:

 

Documents/Literature::

- Compton, George: Papers (Illinois State Historical Society, Springfield / Illinois)

- Compton, George: Civil War Diary of George Compton Beginning May 1st, 1865 (Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield / Il­linois)

 

 

Compton, William B.:

CS-Captain, CS-Spion; Vetter von Belle *Boyd (vgl. Markle: Spies, a.a.O., S. 155).

 

 

Comstock, Cyrus Ballou:

US-MajGen, c. 1831-1910; aus Massachusetts; West Point 1855 (1/35), Engineers; ++++ (vgl. Boatner S. 168/69); als Lt und Chief Engineer des Corps of Engineers im Battle of Fredericksburg im Dezember 1862 eingesetzt beim Bau der beiden oberen Ponton Brücken über den Rappahannock (vgl. Comstock Report; in: Luvaas / Nelson: Guide, a.a.O., S. 7). Seit Mai 1864 aide-de-camp in Grant's Stab (Porter, Campaining with Grant, a.a.O., S. 33); Battle of Wilderness (Porter, Campaining with Grant, a.a.O., S. 59); Chief Engineer of the Army of the Tennessee and Aide de Camp to Grant, Comstock served at the siege of Vicksburg, Ft. Fisher, Wil­derness, Chancellorsville and other major battles

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Comstock, Cyrus: The Diary of Cyrus Comstock (Morningside, Dayton); Edited by Merlin Sumner (August 1995)

- **Comstock, Cyrus B.: Memoir of John Newton (1823-1895), Read before the National Academy, November 13, 1901

 

 

 

Comte de Paris, Prince Louis Philipp Albert d'Orleans:

US-Captain

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Comte de Paris, Prince Philippe: Journal, Fondation Saint-Louis, Ambois/France; a typescript copy at the US Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks/PA

- Comte de Paris, +++: "The Civil War in America"

- Comte de Paris, Prince Louis Philipp Albert d'Orleans: The Battle of Gettysburg (Philadelphia: Porter & Coates, 1886)

 

 

Conant, Horace A.:

US-Major, aide de camp unter Lyon in Missouri 1861 (vgl. Snead, B&L I S. 267).

 

 

Conerly, L. W.:

CS-+++; Quitman Guards, Co. E. 16th Mississippi Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Conerly, L. W.: A Historical Sketch of the Quitman Guards, Company E, Sixteenth Mississippi Regiment (New Orleans: Isaac T. Hinton, 1866)

 

 

Conger, Seymour B.:

US-Captain; 3rd West Virginia Cavalry

 

Im Sommer 1863 gehörten 2 Co’s unter dem Befehl von Captain *Conger zur 2nd Cavalry Brigade Col Thomas C. Devin 1st Cavalry Division BrigGen John Buford Army of the Potomac (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 39; Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 454).

 

 

Conline, John:

US-Pvt; Co. E, 4th Regiment Vermont Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M557 Roll 3); original filed under 'Conlin'

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Conline, John (Pvt; Co. E, 4th Regiment Vermont Infantry): „Recollections of the Battle of Antietam and the Maryland Campaign.“ War Papers Read Before the Michigan Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Vol II. From December 7, 1893 to May 5, 1898 (James H. Stone Co., Printers: Detroit, 1898)

 

 

Connally, John Kerr:

CS-Col; Co. F&S, 55th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 8).

 

Vorkriegszeit: Midshipsman in Annapolis; Col. 55th North Carolina Infantry (Brigade Joseph R. *Davis); am 1.7.1863 einge­setzt nördlich des Chambersburg Pike und des Bloody Railroad Gap, am linken Flügel der Brigade Davis beim Angriff auf Seminary Ridge und hierbei getrennt von den übrigen rechts vorgehenden Regimentern der Brigade. Die 55th North Carolina Infantry stieß hierbei auf die rechts von Hall's Battery eingesetzten 76th New York Infantry und 56th Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. Martin: Gettys­burg, a.a.O., S. 107 mit Karte S. 103, Karte S. 150).

 

Connally wurde am 1.7.1863 beim Angriff seines Regiments auf die Flanke der 76th New York Infantry durch Schlußverletzungen schwer verwundet (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 109).

 

Nach a.A. am 3.7.1863 bei Gettysburg während Pettigrew's / Pickett's Charge verwundet und gefangengenommen (vgl. Wilson: Petti­grew, a.a.O., S. 72).

 

John Kerr Connally was born on September 3, 1839, in Jackson, Tennessee, and attended the U. S. Naval Academy. He lived in Yad­kin County, North Carolina when the war started. Connally was elected captain of Company B, 21st North Carolina on May 12, 1861. Promoted to colonel of the 55th North Carolina on May 19, 1862, Connally led his regiment at Gettysburg, where he was wounded, and later captured. He was wounded at Cold Harbor and in September 1864. Connally resigned his commission on March 7, 1865. After the war, Connally worked as a lawyer in Texas, and served in the Virginia state legislature (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

3.9.1839 Jackson/Tenn. - † 31.1.1904 North Carolina; beerd. Riverside Cemetery, Asheville, Buncombe County/North Carolina; °° mit Alice Thomas Connally (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

Col. John Kerr Connally (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Connelly, Jesse B.:

US-2ndLt; Co. I, 31st Regiment Indiana Infantry; he mustered in the regiment as a sergeant (vgl. National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 15).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Connelly, Jesse B. (Lt, Co. I, 31st Regiment Indiana Infantry): Diary (Indiana Historical Society, Indianapolis / Indiana)

 

 

Connelly, Thomas W.:

US-Pvt; Co. B, 70tr Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 21).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Connelly, Thomas L.: History of the Seventieth Ohio Regiment .... (Cincinnati: Peak Bohrs, 1902)

 

 

Conner, James:

CS-MajGen; 1.9.1829 CharlestonSouth Carolina - † 26.6.1883 in RichmondVirginia

 

Conner wurde 1829 als Sohn von Henry W. Conner in Charleston geboren. Er beendete 1849 erfolgreich das South Carolina College und studierte anschließend unter James L. Petigru die Rechtswissenschaften. 1852 wurde Conner von der Anwaltskammer zugelassen und 1856 wurde er Bezirksstaatsanwalt (https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Conner)

 

James Conner participated in the bombardment of Fort Sumter as a captain of the Montgomery Guards, a South Carolina militia unit. At the beginning of the Civil War, he declined an appointment as a district attorney for the Confederacy. Instead, he became a captain in the Hampton Legion and fought at the Battle of First Bull Run (First Manassas), taking temporary command of the legion af­ter Colonel Wade Hampton was wounded. On July 21, 1861, Conner was appointed major of Hampton's Legion. After the Battle of Seven Pines during the Peninsula Campaign, he took command of the 22nd North Carolina Volunteer Infantry Regiment. During the Seven Days Battles, his leg was broken by a rifle ball during the Battle of Gaines Mill. After a two-month recovery period, he re­turned to lead his regiment at the Battle of Chancellorsville and the Battle of Gettysburg (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_ Conner_(general).

 

He resigned his command on 13.8.1863 and became a member of the military court of the 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. Returning to field command in 1864, Conner was promoted to brigadier-general on June 1, 1864. He temporarily comman­ded the bri­gades of Brigadier Generals Samuel McGowan and James H. Lane consecutively during the opening months of the Siege of Peters­burg. He then led Major-General John B, Kershaw's former brigade during the Shenandoah Valley Campaigns of 1864. Six days be­fore the main battle, Conner was severely wounded during a skirmish at Cedar Creek (Fisher's Hill) and he lost a leg to ampu­ta­tion. This ef­fectively ended his Confederate States Army field service, although his service record shows an assignment to General Joseph E. Johnston's command on February 25, 1865. There is no record of his parole (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ James_Conner_(ge­neral).

 

Photos:

- Wilson: Pettigrew, a.a.O., S. 30

- CS-MajGen James Conner (https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Conner)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Conner, James: Letters of General James Conner, CSA; ed. Mary Conner Moffett (Columbia, S. C.: R. L. Bryan Company, 1950)

- vgl. zu seiner Vita und Karriere: Wilson, Clyde N.: James Johnston Pettigrew and his Men at Gettysburg (Reihe: Civil War Cam­paigns and Commanders), a.a.O., S. 30/31

 

 

Conner, Zephanier T.:

CS-Col; zunächst Pvt und dann Adjutant Co. A, 36th Regiment Georgia Infantry (Villepigue); später LtCol/Col 12th Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 13).

 

Conner schrieb sich bei Kriegsausbruch Private in einer Milizeinheit ein; später wurde er bei Aufstellung der 12th Georgia Infantry zum LtCol gewählt (vgl. Tanner, Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 183; Pfanz: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 188, 200). Re­gimentskommandeur 12th Georgia Infantry; im Battle of Front Royal am 30.5.1862 angesichts des stark überlegenen Feindes ist Conner geflohen, der rangnächste Offizier Major Willie Hawkins befahl den Männern die Waffen nieder zu legen und sich ergeben; der dienstälteste Kompaniechef, Captain William Frederic *Brown verweigerte den Befehl und führte das Regiment sicher weiter (vgl. Freeman, Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., vol. 2, S. 30; Tanner, Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 335). Gen Richard S. Ewell beurteil­te Conner als "brave man" beurteilte, der seinen Kopf unter der großen Verantwortung verloren habe. Ewell, ließ daraufhin Conner unter Arrest stellen (Pfanz,: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 200); Stonewall Jackson ließ Conner, nachdem er diesen über den Rückzug persönlich befragt hatte, unter Arrest stellen (vgl. Hotchkiss, Make Me a Map, a.a.O., S. 50; Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 336; a. A. Pfanz: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 200: die Festnahme erfolgte durch Ewell). Stonewall Jackson beantragte beim Hauptquartier in Richmond ein Kriegsgerichtsverfahren gegen Conner zu eröffnen (vgl. Freeman, Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., 2:7). Conner wurde anschließend er­laubt, zurückzutreten und aus der Army auszuscheiden, um ein Kriegsgerichtsverfahren zu vermeiden (vgl. Pfanz: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 200; Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 547 Anm. 36; Freeman, Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., vol. 1, S. 479).

 

30.1.1817 Culpeper County/VA - † 30.4.1866 Macon, Bibb County/VA; beerd. Rose Hill Cemetery, Macon /VA; °° Louisa Godwin Conner (1815-1891) (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 26.8.2016)

 

 

Connolly, James Austin:

US-Major; Co. F&S, 123rd Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 18).

 

Connolly stammte aus Charleston / Illinois (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 42).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Angle, Paul M. (ed.): „Three Years in the Army of the Cumberland. The Letters and the Diary of Major James A. Connolly“ (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1959); 400 pp, 6 Maps; An unsurpassed record of campaigning in the West including Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Lookout Mountain, The At­lanta Campaign and March to the Sea

- **Connolly, James A.: "Major James Austin Connolly's Letters to His Wife, 1862-1865," Transactions of the Illinois State Historical Society for the Year 1928 (Philipps Brothers, 1928), pp. 217-438 (als PDF available).

 

 

Connor, Patrick E.:

US-+++Gen

 

 

Connor, Daniel M.:

US-First Sergeant; Co B&K, 1st Regiment Indiana Cavalry; Connor war zunächst Pvt, Co. B des 1st Regiment Indiana Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 15).

 

Teilnahme am Battle of Gettysburg; Connor claimed to have carried the first dispatch from O. O. Ho­ward to Meade concerning the battle, and to have returned to the battlefield with the headquarters staff (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 473n17).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Connor, Daniel M. (Sergeant; Co B&K, 1st Regiment Indiana Cavalry): "At Gettysburg: The Experiences and Sights of an Indiana Cavalryman." National Tribune, 27 July 1922

 

 

Connor, Selden:

US-BrigGen; 1839-?; Maine; a lawyer, he enlisted as Pvt Co. B, 1st Regiment Vermont Infantry (3 months) (National Park Soldiers M557 Roll 3) on 2.5.1861, was mustered out 15.8.1861 (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 172); was mustered in Captain, Co. E, 7th Regiment Maine Infantry, later LtCol Co. F&S, 7th Regiment Maine Infantry (National Park Soldiers M543 Roll 4); or: was commissioned LtCol 7th Maine Infantry on 22.8. 1861 (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 172); fought in the Peninsular Campaign, at Antietam, Fredericksburg (where he was wounded) and at Gettysburg (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 172); Col Co. F&S, 19th Regiment Maine Infantry (National Park Soldiers M543 Roll 4) on 11.1.1864 and commanded 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps, Army of the Potomac (27.2.-25.3.1864). Severly wounded in the thigh at the Wilderness, he was appointed BrigGen USV 11.6.1864 and, unfit for field service, handled administrative duties until mustered out in 1866. He was Republican Gov. of Maine 1876/79 (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 172).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Connor, Selden: Letter to Father, 25.3.1863; Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park Manuscript Collection

 

 

Conrad, John:

CS-Pvt, Co. K, 9th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 3).

 

Die 9th Kentucky gehörte 1863 zu John Hunt Morgan's Division; In der Erkundungs- und Auf­klärungsphase vor Morgan's Raid wur­de vor allem Freiwillige der 9th Kentucky Cavalry eingesetzt, die unter Führung von Captain Thomas Henry *Hines' ab dem 17.6. 1863 über den Ohio River aufklärten. Da infolge schwerer Regenfälle in den Bergen von West Virginia der Ohio River Hoch­wasser führte, wurden die meisten beim Rückmarsch in Indiana gefangen genommen (vgl. Horwitz: Longest Raid, a.a.O., S. 11, 43, 399 Anm. 22; Family History of Pvt. John *Conrad 9th Kentucky Cavalry).

 

Photo:

- Horwitz: Longest Raid, a.a.O., nach S. 72 A 9

 

 

Conrad, Joseph:

US-Major, 3rd Missouri Infantry; im Juni 1861 war Captain Conrad mit 137 Soldaten eingesetzt in Südwest-Missouri bei Neosho (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 108, 119; OR 3, 16). Conrad wurde in Neosho von der 1st Arkansas Rifle unter Col Thomas J. *Churchill und den 2nd Arkansas Rifle unter CS-Captain James *McIntosh am 5.7.1861 angegriffen und gab sich angesichts der zah­lenmäßig überlegenen CS-Truppen mit seinen Männern gefangen (vgl. Sigel's Report: OR 3, 19; vgl. Brooksher, a.a.O., S. 119; OR 3, 38-40), jedoch 'paroled'.

 

Während der Pea Ridge Campaign im Frühjahr 1862 war Major Conrad Regimentskommandeur der 3rd Missouri Infantry in Brig­Gen Alexander S. *Asboth*s 2nd Division, Franz Sigel's 1st und 2nd Division (Right Wing der Army of the Southwest), in Samuel R. *Curtis Army of the Southwest (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 332). Sigel, dessen Truppen auf der rechten US-Flanke bei Bentonville / Arkansas standen, ordnete am 4.3.1862 eine Aufklärung unter Conrad in seinen Rücken an, um zu verhindern, daß Van Dorn's südlich stehende Army of the West Verstärkung aus Missouri erhielt (vgl. Shea / Hess, Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 60). Conrad's Ex­pedition umfaßte zwei Kompanien der 17th Missouri Infantry, je eine Kompanie der 3rd, 12th, 15th Missouri Infantry, eine Kompa­nie der 36th Illinois Infantry, je eine Kompanie der 4th und 5th Missouri Cavalry, zwei Guns von Welfley's Independent Missouri Ar­tillery. Am 5.3.1862 wurde Conrad's Expedition durch zwei Kompanien der 4th Missouri Cavalry unter Major Emeric *Meszaros verstärkt (vgl. Shea / Hess, a.a.O., S. 60, 78; OR 8:208-09, 278-79).

 

Karte:

- Conrad's Expedition: Karte bei Davis, a.a.O., Nr. 10.4

- Übersichtskarte bei Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 31, 40

 

 

Conrad, Thomas Nelson:

CS-Chaplain; Co. F&S, 3rd Regiment Virginia Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 12).

 

CS-Spion und Führer eines Spionagerings in Washington (vgl. Markle: Spies, a.a.O., S. 2; Tidwell: Come Retribution, a.a.O., S. 19). 1837-1905. Born in Fairfax Court House, Va. Chaplain 3rd Virginia Cavalry. Im späten September 1864 hielt sich Con­rad in Wa­shington auf, um Präsident Lincoln auszuspionieren, insb. um die besten Möglichkeit einer Gefangennahme und Fluchtwe­ge zum Transport des Gefangenen in die CSA zu erkunden (vgl. Tidwell: Come Retribution, a.a.O., S. 19). Nachkriegszeit: President of the Virginia Agricultural and Mechanical College (later Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University) from 1882 to 1886.

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Conrad, Thomas Nelson (Chaplain, Co. F&S, 3rd Regiment Virginia Cavalry): Book Manuscript.. Born in Fairfax Court House, Virginia; and graduated from Dickinson College in 1857. During the war he served as a captain in the 3rd Virginia Cavalry. President of the Virginia Agricultural and Mechanical College (la­ter Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University) from 1882 to 1886. Papers consist of the original manuscript of "The Rebel Scout: A Thrilling History of Scouting Life In the Southern Army", written by Conrad from 1891 to 1893, and published in 1904. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide.Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Col­lections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 89-095).

- **Conrad, Thomas Nelson Chaplain, Co. F&S, 3rd Regiment Virginia Cavalry): The Rebel Scout: A Thrilling History of Scouting Life In the Southern Army" (1904)

 

 

Constable, Robert A.:

US-LtCol, Co. F&S, 75th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National 552 Roll 21; vgl. Sears: Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 13).

 

Constable was discharged from the service „for disloyalty“ after publicly denouncing the Emanicipation Proclamation Lincoln's vom 1.1.1863. As one of his men (s. Pvt. Isaac Mann) explained it, Constable had said he „did not come out to fight to free the damned niggers, so he got a free pass to Ohio ...“ (vgl. Sears: Chancellorsville, a.a.o., S. 13).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Dinkelaker, Jacob: „He Could Not Conscientiously Endorse': Colonel Constable, the Emancipation Proclamation, and the Politics of Emancipation within the Union Army“, unpublished MS, cited Hennessy, John J.: Evangelizing for Union, 1863: The Army of the Potomac, its Enemies at Home, and a New Solidarity“ in: Journal of the Civil War Era, Winter 2014, S. 554 Anm. 20

 

 

Converse, David A.:

US-Third Sergeant; Co. K, 17th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 6).

 

 

Converse, Levi P.:

US-Captain; Co I, 6th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (Anm.: bei National Park Soldiers nicht genannt); Converse und seine Männer bargen am 1.7.1863 am Bloody Railroad Cut ein von CS-Truppen bereits erobertes Geschütz der Battery Hall, das wieder aufgegeben worden war (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg July 1, a.a.O., S. 138; vgl. OR I 27.1.266).

 

 

Conyngham, David Power:

US-Captain; 69th Regiment New York Militia (3 months) (vgl. Craughwell: Greatest Brigade, a.a.o., S. 47); später Captain 69th Re­giment New York Infantry, Irish Brigade (vgl. Craughwell: Greatest Brigade, a.a.o., S. 64); später US-Reporter; New Herald Corre­spondent (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 279, 324)

 

Literatur

- **Conyngham, David Power: Sherman's March through the South (New York: Sheldon & Co., 1865)

- **Conyngham, David Power (Captain): The Irish Brigade and its Campaigns (Cameron & Ferguson, Glasgow n.d. [1886 ? ]; reprint Olde Soldier Books)

 

 

Conyngham, Edward:

US-Pvt; Co. K, 40th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 28).

 

 

Conzet, Charles:

US-2ndLt; Company B, 123d Illinois Infantry Regiment.

 

Lieutenant Conzet deserted on January 9, 1863, was later captured in Illinois, and returned to his unit on February 21, 1863. Conzet was tried and convicted of desertion and sentenced "to be stripped of his badges of office, and shot until he is dead, with musketry." Both the commanders of the division and the Department of the Cumberland approved the sentence and forwarded it to the President of the United States for his approval (vgl. https://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1998/winter/union-court-martials.html, Abruf vom 13.8.2016).

 

After the trial, thirteen officers of the 123d Illinois, including the regimental and company commanders, signed a letter addressed to Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, requesting that Lt. Conzet's sentence be commuted. The officers expressed concern that the lieu­tenant was "induced to abandon his post by letters from his wife begging him to come home and relieve her from her destitute condi­tion, representing to him that the community in which she lived was opposed to the war, and would do nothing to relieve her necessi­ties because her husband was in the Army." His wife was in financial need, and the lieutenant had not received any pay for his five months of service in the army. The officers requested that the secretary of war commute his sentence to "reduction to the ranks with forfeiture of all pay and allowance." The officers noted that Lieutenant Conzet requested to "be allowed to return to his company so that he may yet prove himself to be a man." On September 24, 1864, President Lincoln wrote, "Let the prisoner be ordered from con­finement and dishonorably dismissed [from] the service of the United States." Second Lt. Charles Conzet was dishonorably dismiss­ed two days later under War Department Special Order No. 321 (vgl. https://www.archives.gov/publications/­prologue/1998/­winter/­union-court-martials.html, Abruf vom 13.8.2016).

 

Additional information related to Lieutenant Conzet's capture can be found in his compiled military service record filed under the last name of "Conzit." Lt. Charles Conzit, Co. B, 123d Illinois Infantry, entry 519, Carded Records, Volunteer Organizations: Civil War, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780's-1917, Record Group 94, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC (hereinafter, records in the National Archives will be cited as RG ___, NARA).

 

 

Cook, A. H. W.:

US-Captain; Cook stellte im Juni 1861 bei Camp Cole, Mo. 6 Kompanien Home Guard auf, möglicherweise auf Anweisung von Natha­niel *Lyon. Diese Truppen stießen mit den nach der Niederlage von Booneville und dem Verlust von Nord-Missouri an Lyon aus dem Norden ausgewichenen CS-Kräfte unter Governor Claiborne *Jackson und BrigGen *Clark (Missouri State Guard) zusammen (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody H 96, Hill, a.a.O., S. 96, 93-102).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Owens, Robert L.: "The Battle of Cole Camp." The Cole Camp Courier, Cole Camp, Mo.: June 1991, S. 11-13

- Owens, Robert L.: "The Battle of Cole Camp." Der Maibaum, Hermann, Mo.: Deutschheim Association, Spring 1994

 

 

Cook, Benjamin F.:

LtCol; Co. F&S, 12th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry; zuvor Captain, Co. E, 12th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 9)

 

Documents/Literature::

- Cook, Benjamin F.: History of the Twelfth Mass. Vols. (Webster's Reg't) (Boston: Twelfth Regiment Association, 1882)

 

 

Cook, Enoch Hooper:

Pvt. Co. H., 38th Alabama Infantry, C.S.A (Library of Congress  LC-B8184-10477) bzw. Co. A 4th Regiment Alabama Volunteer In­fantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 10).

 

Photo:

Cook, Enoch Hooper, Jr., Pvt. Co. H., 38th Alabama Infantry, C.S.A (Library of Congress  LC-B8184-10477)

 

 

Cook, John:

US-MajGen; 1825-?; aus Illinois; in der Vorkriegszeit nach College-Besuch war Cook Kaufmann in St. Louis / Missouri und Spring­field / Illinois; dann Bürgermeister von Springfield und Sheriff des Samgamon County / Illinois; Enkel des Governors Ninian Ed­wards (Lincoln's Schwager) und Sohn des Mannes, nach dem das Cook County / Illinois benannt wurde (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 172-173); am 25.3.1861 Col 7th Illinois Infantry (3-Month-Regiment); drei Monate später ausgemustert und erneut am nächsten Tag, dem 25.7.1861 zum Col 7th Illinois Infantry (3-Years Regiment) ernannt (Boatner, a.a.O., S. 173; OR Ser. I, VII, 6; Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 14). Der Regimentstrompeter beschrieb Cook als "proficient only in horse stealing and horse racing" (vgl. Hi­cken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 11). Ende Oktober 1861 bei Fort Holt / Kentucky eingesetzt (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Ci­vil War, a.a.O., S. 19). Bei Grant's Vorstoß Richtung Belmont / MO im November 1861 wurde Cook auf der gegenüberliegenden Ost­seite des Mississippi gleichzeitig von Fort Holt aus

 

 

Cook, John:

US-Captain; 76th New York Infantry Cutler's Brigade;; eingesetzt im 1.7.1863 im Battle of Gettysburg bei Seminary Ridge (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 110).

 

 

Cook, John H.:

US-Sgt; geboren in England; gemustert in Quincy / Ill.; Co A 119th Illinois Infantry; Cook erhielt am 19.9.1890 die Medal of Honor für seinen Einsatz im Battle of Pleasant Hill, La. am 9.4.1864. Citation: During an attack by the enemy, voluntarily left the brigade quartermaster, with whom he had been detailed as a clerk, rejoined his command, and, acting as first lieutenant, led the line farther Howard the charging enemy (vgl. Beyer / Keydel: Deads of Valor, a.a.O., S. 313)

 

Photo:

- Beyer / Keydel: Deads of Valor, a.a.O., S. 313

 

 

Cook, John H.:

US-Pvt; Co. D, 6th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. NARA microfilm publication M559 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 6; vgl. Herdegen/Beaudot: In the Bloody Railroad Cut, a.a.O., S. 82). Cook had enlisted in Mil­wauckee unit from nearby Hartford and was making a reputation for himself as the „Tough One“ (vgl. vgl. Herdegen/Beaudot: In the Bloody Railroad Cut, a.a.O., S. 82).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Cook, John H. (Pvt; Co. D, 6th Wisconsin Infantry): „Cook's Time in the Army.“ Unpublished manuscript. Cook Papers, Madison, Wis., State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Anm.: Cook's 12-page war memoir is a curious document. There are two copies. The first was written 30 30, 1865, in Washington. D.C., and the second, a copy, August 3, 1865 at Hartford, Wisconsin. Both are identical. For a soldier who served in three separate outfits and took part in a score of battles, the „memoir“ is unusual in that it is almost a complete litany by Cook citing grievances against the officers of the various regiments (vgl. Herdegen/Beaudot: In the Bloody Railroad Cut, a.a.O., S. 83n12).

- Cook, J. H. (Pvt; Co. D, 6th Wisconsin Infantry): „A Tough One,“ Milwauckee Sunday Telegraph v. 4.3.1833

 

 

Cook, Philip:

CS-+++Gen; (manchmal fehlerhaft als Philip St. Cooke bezeichnet).

 

 

Cooke, Chauncey M.:

US-Pvt; Co. G, 25th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. NARA microfilm publication M559 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 6; vgl. Castel: Decision in the West. The Atlanta Campaign, a.a.O., S. 124, 145; die Angabe S. 145 beruht auf einem Schreibfehler, denn in der Gliederung von McPherson's Army in B & L, vol. IV S. 287-88 ist nur die 32nd Wiscon­sin, nicht aber die 23rd Wisconsin aufgeführt; die 32nd Wisconsin gehörte zur Division Veatch, 3rd Brigade, die aber erst ab August zur Army if the Tennessee gehörte; es handelt deshalb um die 25th Wisconsin Infantry, die zur 2nd Brigade Sprague, Division Veatch gehörte; dies gibt Castel a.a.O., S. 124 an). Während der Atlanta Campaign 1864 gehörte die 25th Wisconsin Infantry zur 2nd Briga­de Sprague, Division Veatch, XVI Corps MajGen Grenville Dodge, McPherson's Army of the Cumberland (vgl. B & L, vol. IV, S. 288). In der Nacht vom 10./11.5.1864 stand das Regiment zusammen mit den übrigen Truppen von McPherson's Army of the Tennes­see im Raum Sugar Valley westlich Resaca am Resaca/Dalton Crossroads (vgl. Castel, a.a.O., S. 145).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Cooke, Chauncey M.: A Badger Boy in Blue: The Letters of Chauncey M. Cooke (Wisconsin Magazine of History 4 [1934])

 

 

Cooke, Giles B.:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 34th Regiment Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 12).

 

 

Cooke, Giles B.:

CS-Major/Inspector General; General and Staff Officers, Non-Regimental enlisted Men, Army of northern Virginia (vgl. National Park Soldiers M818 Roll 6).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Cooke, Giles B.: Just Before and After Lee Surrendered to Grant ... , pi. 1922. Reprinted in two editions from The Houston (Texas) Cronicle, Oct. 8, 1922

 

 

Cooke, Jacob B.:

US-1stLt (Sergeant Major); Co. H&C, 1st Regiment Rhode Island Cavalry (National Park Soldiers MM555 Roll 2); originally filed under Jacob B 'Cook'.

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Cooke, Jacob B.: „The Battle of Kelly's Ford, March 17, 1863;“ in: Personal Narratives of Events in the War of the Rebellion, Being Papers Read Before the Rhode Island Soldiers and Sailors Historical Society, 1887, p. 11-12

 

 

Cooke, Jay:

US-Bankier und bedeutender Finanzier während des Bürgerkriegs; Bekannter von Carl Schurz seit 1853 (vgl. Schurz, Reminiscenses, vol. 2, a.a.O., S. 14); Cooke verlor 1873 sein Vermögen aufgrund einer Fehlspekulation (vgl. Schurz, a.a.O., S. 15).

 

 

Cooke, John Esten:

CS-Major, 1833-86; aus Virginia; Rechtsanwalt und Schriftsteller; als Pvt. in die CS-Artillery eingetreten, diente dann in der Kavalle­rie und als Ordonanz-Offizier von Jeb Stuart; Jeb Stuart war der Ehemann der Kusine Cooke's (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., 2:441 Anm. 48).

 

Sohn von John Rogers Cooke und Maria Pendleton (vgl. www.findagrave.com). Entgegen aA. (vgl. Longacre: The Cavalry at Gettys­burg, a.a.O., S. 32) ist er nicht „brother-in-law“ seines Staff officers Captain John Esten Cooke; Neffe von US-Gen Philipp St. Geor­ge *Cooke. Gegen Kriegsende war Cooke Lee's I.G. für die Horse Artillery. Als Schriftsteller schrieb Cooke Novellen und historische Kurzgeschichten wie auch Zeitungsartikel und Geschichten über die CS-Cavalry, darunter die Novelle "Eagle's Nest" (Name des Hauses von Major Norman R. *Fitzhugh aus JEB Stuart's Stab; Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., 2:441 Anm. 48).

 

John Esten Cooke (1830-1886) was a novelist and farmer born in Winchester Virginia, one of 13 children, to John Rogers Cooke and Maria Pendleton Cooke. His literary career began in the 1840s, and be quickly became a successful and prolific novelist, journalist, poet, and short story writer. He enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1851, and then served the Confederate Army as a staff officer for J.E.B. Stuart during most of the war (Cooke was first cousin of Gen. Stuart's wife, Flora Cooke Stuart). He also served under Brig. Gen. Pendleton after Stuart's death in 1864, and was promoted to major by the end of the war. He eventually published more than 30 novels and many articles and poems. He is most well-known for his biographies of J.E.B. Stuart and Stonewall Jackson, as well as his many historical novels set in Virginia. His Civil War diaries were published in 1941 in the Journal of Southern History by Jay B. Hubbell of Duke University.

 

Documents/Literature::

- Blackford, W. W.: War Years with Jeb Stuart, a.a.O., S. 73, 74, 91, 250

- Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 173

- **Cooke, John Esten: Stonewall Jackson and the Old Stonewall Brigade, ed. by Richard Harwell (Charlottesville: University of Virgi­nia Press, 1954)

- **Cooke, John Esten: Life of Stonewall Jackson (New York, 1866)

- **Cooke, John Esten: Hilt to hilt: or, Days and nights on the banks of the Shenandoah in the autumn of 1864: from the mss. Of Col. Surry of Eagle's Nest (1866, reprint 2015)

- **Cooke, John Esten: Wearing the Grey (New York, 1867)

- **Cooke, John Esten: Mohun; Or, the Last Days of Lee and His Paladins. Final Memoirs of a Staff Officer Serving in Virginia. From the Mss. Of Colonel Surry of Eagles Nest

- **Cooke, John Esten: Papers; Duke University Library, Durham / North Carolina, RL 00257, darin u.a. Correspondence (1840-1896), Civil War Diaries (1862-1865, four original manuscript volumes)

- **Cooke, John Esten: A Life of Robert E. Lee (New York: D. Appleton, 1871

 

 

Cooke, John Rogers:

CS-BrigGen; 1833-1891 (vgl. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 173); Sohn von US-Gen Philipp St. George *Cooke (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., Bd. 1, S. 716; Bd. 2, S. 145) und Schwager von Jeb *Stuart (vgl. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 173).

 

Aus MO, appointed Noth Carolina; after graduating from Harvard as an engineer, je joined the Regular Army in 1855 and served on the frontier, resigning in 1861 to be commissioned CS 1st-Lt under Holmes and stationed at Fredericksburg. He fought at 1st Bull Run. Promoted Major in Febr. 1862, he was Chief of Artillery for the Dept. of North Carolina until April 1862 when he named Col 27th NC (vgl. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 173).

 

CS-Col, 27th North Carolina, John G. Walker's Brigade während Lee's Maryland Campaign im September 1862 (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., Bd. 2, S. 214-216).

 

He was wounded at Seven Pines and upon recovery was appointed BrigGen CSA 1.11.1862, taking over a NC-Brigade. At Frede­ricksburg his brigade held the famous stone wall, where he was wounded again. He was also wounded at Bristoe Station and the Wil­derness (vgl. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 173).

 

After the war he was a Richmond merchant and a power in the Democratic party as well as being active in veterans' organizations (vgl. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 173).

 

 

Cooke, Philipp St. George:

US-MajGen; aus Virginia stammend; US-Berufsoffizier; 1845 war Cooke Captain der Co. F der 1st US-Dragoons und nahm an der Durchquerung Amerikas über den Oregon Trail zum Schutz von 'Emigrant Parties' aus dem Osten der USA nach Oregon unter Füh­rung von Col Stephen W. Kearny teil. Weitere teilnehmende Offiziere waren Lt Philipp *Kearny Lt (Co. F), Lt. John Love (Co. C), Lt William B. *Franklin von den Topographical Engineers und Lt Richard S. *Ewell (vgl. Pfanz: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 44). Eingesetzt 1856 in Kansas als Col 2nd US-Dragoons (vgl. Brooksher, Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 21; McClellan: I rode with Jeb Stuart, a.a.O., S. 19); US-General; Vater von CS-Col John Rogers *Cooke und Schwiegervater des CS-Kavalleriegenerals Stuart (McPherson, a.a.O., S. 457); bei Kriegsausbruch Col 4th US Artillery in Camp Floyd (umbenannt in Fort Crittenden), Utah Territory (vgl. Gibbon, Personal Re­collections, a.a.O., S. 8, der St. George Cooke als "our Commander" bezeichnet).

 

At the start of the Civil War, the U.S. Army had five mounted regiments. Cooke commanded the 2nd Dragoons, which was redesi­gnated the 2nd U.S. Cavalry. As they prepared to ride into their first battles, they had the potential opportunity to learn from the two-volume manual on cavalry tactics written by Cooke in 1858, but not published until 1862. It was a controversial work at the time and the War Department chose not to make it the basis for official doctrine. Cooke espoused the value of mounted attacks as the primary purpose for cavalry forces; others, more sensibly, realized that the emergence of the rifled musket as an infantry weapon made the classic cavalry charge essentially obsolete and recommended a mission emphasis on reconnaissance and screening. Even those who agreed that cavalry charges retained some value found reasons to disagree with Cooke. A prominent theory of cavalry charges at the time, endorsed by future generals Henry W. Halleckand George B. McClellan, was that the cavalry should be deployed in double ranks (a regiment would deploy in two lines of five companies each), which would increase the shock effect of the charge by provi­ding an immediate follow-up attack. Cooke's manual called for a single-rank formation in which a battalion of four companies would form a single line and two squadrons of two companies each would cover the flanks. A third battalion would be placed in reserve a few hundred yards to the rear. Cook believed that the double-rank offensive promoted disorder of the horses in the ranks and would be difficult to control (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_St._George_Cooke).

 

Cooke was appointed brigadier general, U.S. Army, on November 21, 1861, to rank from November 12, 1861. President Abraham Lincoln nominated Cooke for the appointment on December 21, 1861 and the U.S. Senate confirmed it on March 7, 1862. He initiall­y commanded a brigade of regular army cavalry within the defenses of Washington, D.C. For the Peninsula Campaign, he was selec­ted by McClellan to command the Cavalry Reserve, a division-sized force, of the Army of the Potomac. When Confederate forces evacuated the city of Yorktown, Cooke was sent along with Major General George Stoneman in pursuit and his cavalry was roughed up in an assault ordered by Stoneman against Fort Magruder. He saw subsequent action at the battles of WilliamsburgGaines' Mill, and White Oak Swamp. Cooke ordered an ill-fated charge of the 5th U.S. Cavalry at Gaines' Mill during the Seven Days Battles, sa­crificing nearly an entire regiment of regulars (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_St._George_Cooke).

 

After the Peninsula, Cooke left active field service. One proximate reason was the embarrassment he suffered when his son-in-law, Jeb Stuart, humiliated the Union cavalry by completely encircling the Army of the Potomac in his celebrated raid. Cooke served on boards of court-martial, commanded the District of Baton Rouge, and was superintendent of Army recruiting for the Adjutant Gene­ral's office. On July 17, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Cooke for appointment to the brevet grade of major general in the regular army, to rank from March 13, 1865, and the U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment on July 23, 1866 (vgl. https://en.wiki­pedia.org/wiki/Philip_St._George_Cooke).

 

Philip St. George Cooke published a tactical manual for cavalry in 1861 that declared: „The charge is the decisive action of cavalry“. Cooke believed that successful cavalry charges depended on timing and élan: „[Cavalry's] opportunities pass in moments,“ he said. „Its successful commander must have a cavalry eye and rapid decision; once launched, its bravery is successful“ (vgl. Cooke, Philip St. George: Cavalry Tactics or Regulations for the Instruction, Formations, and Movements of the Cavalry of the Army and Volun­teers of the United States (2 parts, Washington 1861), part II, 60-61; vgl. McWhiney/Jamieson: Attack and Die, a.a.O., S. 63).

 

Vater von CS-BrigGen John Rogers Cooke (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., Bd. 1, S. 716; Bd. 2, S. 145) und Schwiegervater von Jeb *Stuart (vgl. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 173).

 

Photo:

MajGen Philipp St. George Cooke ( File from The Photographic History of The Civil War in Ten Volumes: Volume Four, The Cavalry. The Review of Reviews Co., New York. 1911. p. 226).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Cooke, Philip St. George: Cavalry Tactics or Regulations for the Instruction, Formations, and Movements of the Cavalry of the Army and Volunteers of the United States (2 parts, Washington 1861)

 

 

Coombs, Thomas Munroe:

CS-Captain; geboren am 18.1.1839 Fox Creek (nahe Frankfort), Anderson County, Kentucky - 26.3.1881 in Williamstown, Ky. Cap­tain Co. K 5th Kentucky Cavalry (vgl. Coombs Diary, Teil Sept. 1862 Anm.; Kentucky Adjutant General's Report I: 650, 658). Die Erfolge von Gen. Edmund Kirby *Smith, der mit zwei Flügeln seiner Armee im September 1862 erfolgreich gegen die US-Kräf­te und *Buell in Kentucky vorstieß, ermutigten Coombs und seiner Nachbarn, sich der erfolgreichen CS-Armee anzuschließen. Am 10.10.1862 fiel Coombs bei Harrodsburg in Kriegsgefangenschaft. Aufgrund einer Anklage vor dem Gericht des Grant County, Ky wegen Verrats (weil er sich der CS-Army angeschlossen hatte) wurde er, obwohl paroled, im County Prison des Grant County am 18.11.1862 inhaftiert. Da sich die Anweisungen der Militärbehörden und der Zivilbehörden widersprachen, kam es wegen des Falles Coombs zu einer schriftlichen Anfrage des Headquarter des Department of the Ohio bei BrigGen G. Granger, dem Kommandeur der US-Kräfte in Lexington, Ky (OR ser. II, vol. 5, S. 43-44, abgedruckt bei Coombs Diary Teil September 62 bis Jan 1863, a.a.O., S. 7). Teilnahme an Morgan’s Raid in Kentucky, Indiana and Ohio, July, 1863 (vgl. Horwitz: The Longest Raid, a.a.O., S. 398 Anm. 1).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Coombs, Thomas Monroe: Diary of Capt. Thomas Munroe Coombs,

- Coombs, Thomas Munroe: Letters

- Horwitz: The Longest Raid, a.a.O., S. 38, 83, 117, 243, 244, 246, 398 Anm. 1

 

 

Coon, Datus E.:

US-Col; Captain Co. I, 2nd Regiment Iowa Cavalry; Col Co. F&S, 2nd Regiment Iowa Cavalry (National Park soldiers M541 Roll 6).

 

Coon verteidigte zusammen mit Edward *Prince's 7th Illinois Cavalry (beide Regimenter gehörten zu Col Albert Lindley *Lee’s Cavalry) am 3.12.1862 die Höhen nordöstlich von *Water Village gegen Angriffe von CS-Col. William H. 'Red' Jackson's Cavalry (vgl. Bearss, Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., I 101).

 

 

Coon, Squire Park:

US-Col; *28.3.1820 in Covington/New York, Jurastudium an der Norwich University in Vermont, nach seiner Graduierung war Coon zwei Jahre lang 2nd Attorney General of Wisconsin; seit Mai 1861 Col. 2nd Wisconsin Infantry Regiment (1861 2nd Regiment of Wisconsin Active Militia); Coon war in der Vorkriegszeit ein prominenter Anwalt in Wisconsin, Demokratischer Politiker von landes­weitem Bekanntheitsgrad (vgl. Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O., S. 24); beim Tod des führenden Politikers der Demokratischen Partei, Ste­phen A. Douglas, am 3.6.1861, ordnete Coon Regimentstrauer an (vgl. Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O., S. 104); er besaß eine rudimentäre Kenntnis von militärischer Trainingsmethoden (vgl. Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O., S. 24); Ende Juni 1861 kam es zu einer Petition der meisten Regimentsoffiziere mit dem Ziel Coon wegen Alkoholismus abzulösen (vgl. Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O., S. 142 ff); der Fall wurde Brigadekommandeur Col. William T. Sherman (3rd Brigade d. 1st Division [Gen. Daniel Tyler]) vorgelegt (vgl. Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O., S. 143), zu der das 2nd Wisconsin gehörte. Sherman nahm Coon in den Brigadestab auf, während das Regiment von Lt­Col *Peck übernommen wurde (vgl. Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O., S. 143, Sherman, Memoirs I 208).

 

 

Coons, John:

US-Col; 14th Indiana Infantry; Col Coons 14th Indiana Infantry gehörte im Juli 1863 zu Samuel S. *Carrol's Brigade (*Gibraltar Bri­gade) und verteidigte am 2.7.1863 den East Cemetary Hill im Battle of Gettysburg,

 

 

Cooper, A. H.:

US-Sergeant; Co. F, 1st US-Sharpshooters (Berdan’s Sharpshooters); († kia 1./3.7.1863 Gettysburg) (vgl. Stevens: Berdan’s US-Sharpshooters in the Army of the Potomac, a.a.O., S. 344; Anm: bei National Park Soldiers not mentioned).

 

 

Cooper, Alonzo:

US-Lt; 12th New York Cavalry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Cooper, Alonzo (12th NY Cavalry): In and Out of Rebel Prisons (Oliphant, Oswego / New York, 1888); Illustrated, Appendix, In­dex, List of Prisoners. Nevins describes this as "A fairly objective, above-average account of Macon, Savannah, Charleston, Colum­bia, escape, recapture and Danville", most prison accounts were known to be highly inaccurate and inflammatory. Includes Scarce 8 page pamphlet of Patriotic Recitations and Songs titled "Decoration Day" by Cooper

 

 

Cooper, Douglas H.:

CS-Col; 1861 Emissionär für die Indianer im Indian Territory (vgl. Hale: Third Texas Cavalry, a.a.O., S. 51)

 

 

Cooper, Frederick:

US-Major; 7th New Jersey Infantry (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 448).

 

 

Cooper, James:

US-++General

 

 

Cooper, James H.:

US-Captain; Battery B, 1st Regiment Pennsylvania Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 22); 1.7.1863 at Gettysburg about 2 p.m. Coopers Battery with 4 guns was deployed near the Seminary Ridge (vgl. Gettysburg Commission: Maine at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 84).

 

 

Cooper, Joseph A.:

US-Col; in then beginning Captain; Co. A, 1st Regiment Tennessee Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M392 Roll 3), later Col 6tr Regiment Tennessee Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M392 Roll 3). Cooper was delegate to the Greeneville Convention, Tennessee; in summer 1861 he organized a partisan unit (vgl. Fisher: War at every Door, S. 64).

 

 

Cooper, Joseph Alexander:

US-++General;

 

 

Cooper, Samuel D.:

CS-Full General; der höchstrangige Soldat der CSA; 1798-1876; West Point 1815 (36/40); befördert zum Full General am 16.5.1861; diente während des ganzen Krieges als "adjutant and inspector-general" in Richmond.

 

 

Coopwood, Samuel S. R.:

CS-Captain; Co. G, 35th Regiment Mississippi Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M232 Roll 9).

 

Coopwood wurde leicht verletzt am 31.12.1862 bei einem Zugunglück eines Truppentransports zur Front bei Vicksburg; der zum Transport eingesetzte Zug verunglückte; es gab 5 Tote, darunter mehrere aus Captains Samuel R. Coopwood's Company (Co) (vgl. Moore, Sue Burns: „1862 Confederate Troop Train Wreck at Edwards“).

 

 

Cope, Alexis:

US-Captain; Co.F&S, 15th Regiment Ohio Infantry; Cope trat als Sergeant in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 21; bei Catton: Grant Moves South, a.a.O., S. 544 als 'Coupe' genannt).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Cope, Alexis: The Fifteenth Ohio Volunteers and Its Campaigns (Columbus: Press of the Edward T. Miller Co., 1916)

 

 

Copeland, Morris R.:

US-Major, AAD 5th Army Corps MajGen *Banks (vgl. OR 12 [I]: 343, 347).

 

 

Copeland, Joseph, Tarr:

US-BrigGen; LtCol 1st Michigan Cavalry am 22.8.1861 (vgl. Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 175); Teilnahme am Battle of Kern­stown am 23.3. 1862 (vgl. OR12 [I]: 355-358; 356 [Copeland's Report]). Col 5th Michigan Cavalry am 30.8.1862; BrigGen 29.11.1862.

 

1863 war Joseph T. Copeland Brigadekommandeur (Wolverine Brigade) mit drei Michigan Regimentern (vgl. Longacre: The Cavalry at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 163) in Julius Stahel's Cavalry Division, die zum Department of Washington gehörte, aber in Virginia einge­setzt war. Die Brigade umfaßte drei Regimenter: 5th Michigan Cavalry, 6th Michigan Cavalry und 7th Michigan Cavalry (vgl. Long­acre: The Cavalry at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 166). Erst Ende Juni 1863 wurde Stahel abgelöst und seine Cavalry Division zum Cavalry Corps Pleasonton's, Army of the Potomac zugeordnet. Zusammen mit Stahel wurde auch der 50jährige Copeland abgelöst, weil Plea­sonton junge Brigadekommandeure wollte, seine eigenen Offiziere bevorzugte und ihm Copeland zu alt war. Seine Brigade wurde von BrigGen George A. *Custer übernommen. Copeland wurde in der Folge nur noch zu Schreibtisch-Tätigkeiten in Mary­land, Pennsylvania und Illinois eingesetzt (vgl. Longacre: The Cavalry at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 164).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Copeland, Joseph T. : Copeland's General's Papers, National Archive Washington / DC, RG-94, E-159

- Isham, Asa (7th Mich Cavalry): Seventh Michigan Cavalry of Custer's Wolverine Brigade (Blue Acorn Press); 203 pp, 62 Photo­graphic and Engraved Images, Dust Jacket; Reprint of rare 1893 Original with four new appendices, photo gallery of 29 wartime por­traits and a new index

- Longacre, Edward: Custer and His Wolverines. The Michigan Cavalry Brigade 1861-1865 (Combined Books), 356 pp, Illustrations, Maps

 

 

Copp, Elbridge J.:

US-Adjutant; Co. F&K, 3rd Regiment New Hampshire Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M549 Roll 3)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Copp, Elbridge J. 83rd New Hampshire Infantry9: Reminiscenses of the War of the Rebellion 1861-1865 (Telegraph Publishing, Nashua 1911). Cobb claimed to be the youngest commissioned officer in the Union army during the war. This Scarce reminiscence of the 3rd NH volunteers is nicely done with numerous maps, illustrations and photos of members of the Regiment

 

 

Corbin, Richard:

CS-++++Offizier; Corbin served as an Aide to General Field under Hood's Texas Brigade, having one horse shot out from under him and another wounded at Fort Harrison and Fort Gilmer

 

Documents/Literature::

- Corbin, Richard: Letters of a Confederate Officer to his Family during the last Year of the War (Butternut and Blue); 110 pp; Index; Introduction by Robert Krick who calls this "among the half-dozen rarest Army of N. Virginia books". Reprint of extremely rare title originally printed in France Corbin served as an Aide to General Field under Hood's Texas Brigade, having one horse shot out from under him and another wounded at Fort Harrison and Fort Gilmer. Details of General Charles W. Field service in the Confederacy.

 

 

Corbin, S. Wellford:

CS-Lt; CS-Navy; Captured by the Union forces in June 1864, during the Petersburg Assaults, and sent to the Officer's Prison at Fort Delaware, Delaware. Paroled in February 1865. Resident of Virginia; after the war he taught at the Virginia Military Institute and was a Virginia state senator.

 

Documents/Literature::

- Corbin, S. Wellford: Letter, 1865. Lieutenant in the Confederate States Navy. Captured by the Union forces in June 1864, during the Petersburg Assaults, and sent to the Officer's Prison at Fort Delaware, Delaware. Paroled in February 1865. Resident of Virginia; af­ter the war he taught at the Virginia Military Institute and was a Virginia state senator. Letter written January 29, 1865, to Mrs. Emily S. Brune of Baltimore, Maryland, from Corbin as a prisoner of war at Fort Delaware. Thanks her for the Christmas gifts and menti­ons several mutual friends in Charlottesville and Richmond, Virginia. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 89-063).

 

 

Corby, William:

US-Chaplain, Co. F&A, 88th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 29), Irish Brigade.

 

Photo:

- Seagrave: History of the Irish Brigade, a.a.O., vor S. 1

 

 

Corcoran, Michael:

US-++General;

 

Col 69th Regiment New York State Militia (3 months) (vgl. Sherman, Memoirs I S. 207; vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 29).

 

1827 County Sligo/Ireland - † +++; his father had enlisted in the British Army and served in the West Indies. His mother was descen­ded from Patrick Sarsfield, the young Earl of Lucan, who had fought for the Catholic Stuart king, James II, against the interloper Wil­liam of Orange (vgl. Craughwell: Greatest Brigade, a.a.O., S. 38.

 

Corcoran was wanted by the police in Ireland for acts of vandalism and sabotage he had committed against landlords during the Fa­mine (vgl. Craughwell: Greatest Brigade, a.a.O., S. 9).

 

In 1860, Corcoran won the hearts of all Irish when he flat out refused to lead the Men of the 69th New York State Militia in a milita­ry parade honoring Edward, Prince of Wales (der spätere King Edward VII). For this act of subordination, Corcoran was arraigned before a court martial. His trial was proceeding when the war broke out. Because Corcoran called on Irishmen to fight in defense of the Union, the officers of the tribunal dismissed the charges against him and restored his command of the 69th (vgl. Craughwell: Greatest Brigade, a.a.O., S. 9, 41).

 

Corcoran, the popular commander of the 69th New State Militia was captured at the First 'Battle of Bull Run, after he was shot in the leg and could not retreat (vgl. Craughwell: Greatest Brigade, a.a.O., S. 36, 62); while in prison he wrote: „One Half of my Heart is Erin's, and the other Half is America's“ (vgl. Craughwell: Greatest Brigade, a.a.O., S. 36). Secretary of Treasure, Chase (vgl. Chase: Diary, a.a.O., S. 49) berich­tet von der Kabinettssitzung vom 10.12.1861; dort erschien eine Delegation aus New York um die Regie­rung zu einem Gefangenen­austausch, speziell im Fall Corcoran zu bewegen. Corcoran war, was Chase unbekannt war, von den CS-Behörden als Geisel für Wal­ter W. *Smith, (Kapitän der CSS Enchantress) genommen worden (sog. Enchantress-Affair), der im Norden als Kapitän der CSS Jeff Davis wegen Piraterie unter Anklage stand (vgl. Chase: Diary, Anm. 8 S. 279). Corcoran wurde nach einem Jahr Haft ausgetauscht (Chase, Diary v. 19.8.1862).

 

Einsatz in Gettysburg in Sherman's Brigade, dort verwundet und vermißt, nach Informationen Sherman's in Gefangenschaft geraten (vgl. Sherman, Memoirs, a.a.O., Bd. 1 S. 207 ff.).

 

 

Cormany, Samuel E.:

US-Pvt; Co. H, 16th Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 23).

 

Aus Chambersburg; er war Dunker ( = a member of the German Baptist brethren); Die Dunker im südlichen Pennsylvania avoided like the Mennonites and Amish military service because of their anti-confrontational doctrines. Dennoch entschloß sich Cormany sich als Freiwilliger zu verpflichten, and enlisted in a cavalry company out of fear for „our homes, our firesides“, and to avoid being drafted. His religious principles had delayed his decision, but the presence of the main Confederate army in nearby Maryland (Gettys­burg Campaign 1863) jolted hin into action. He and his wife Rachel spent „a great deal of time on our knees, before our God – and agreed that as a loyal, patriotic Man I should enlist“ ( Valuska/ Keller: Damn Dutch, a.a.O., S. 58-59; vgl. Mohr, James C.(ed.): The Cormany Diaries: A Northern Family in the Civil War [Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1982], S. 329/30).

 

 

Cornish, Ephraim:

US-Pvt; Co. K, 6th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. NARA microfilm publication M559 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 5); Cornish stammte aus Lindina/Wis.; Mauston verwundet im Battle of South Mountain (vgl. Herde­gen/Beaudot: Bloody Railroad Cut, a.a.O., S. 29-30).

 

 

Corns, J. M.:

CS-Col; 8th Virginia Cavalry; Teilnahme an Albert G. *Jenkin's Raid durch West Virginia nach Ohio vom 22.8.-19.9.1863 (vgl. OR 12.2 S. 757-761; Karte Davis Nr. 116.3).

 

 

Cornwell, David:

US-Major; zunächst Pvt (er trat als First Sergeant in das Regiment ein) Co. K, 8th Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 18), dann Lt, 9th Louisiana Infantry (vgl. Cornwell: The Cornwell Chronicles); dann Major, Co. F&B, 5th Regiment United States Colored Heavy Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M589 Roll 19).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Cornwell, David (8th Illinois and 9th Louisiana): The Cornwell Chronicles: Tales of an American Life on the Erie Canal, Building Chicago, in the Volunteer Civil War Western Army, on the Farm, in a Country Store (Heritage Books); 301 pp; Maps; Index; Illustrati­ons. Edited by John Wearmouth. Cornwell enlisted in the 8th Illinois Volunteer Infantry and served 3 years in the 9th Louisiana In­fantry Regiment (African Descent) as First Lieutenant, recruiting and training black soldiers. Lots of genealogical details.

 

 

Corse, John M.:

US-BrigGen; Divisionskommandeur 4. Division - XV. Army Corps MajGen Osterhaus während Sherman's Savannah Campaign Nov. / Dez. 1864

 

 

Corse, Montgomery Dent:

CS-BrigGen; im Zuge einer kleineren Umgliederung in Lee's Army of Northern Virginia zusammen mit der Auflösung von *Dray­ton's Brigade im November 1862 wurde eine neue Brigade unter BrigGen Corse geschaffen, bestehend aus 13th Virginia Infantry, 15th Virginia Infantry, 17th Virginia Infantry und 32nd Virginia Infantry; BrigGen Corse wurde von seinem Kommando als Briga­dekommandeur von Pickett's Brigade abgelöst und zum Brigadekommandeur der neu geschaffenen Corse Brigade ernannt und Pickett's Division zugeordnet (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., 2: 326 mit Anm. 2).

 

 

Cort, Charles Edwin:

 

Documents/Literature::

- Tomlinson, Helyn (ed.): "Dear Friends: The Civil War Letters and Diary of Charles Edwin Cort (N.p.: by the Author, 1962)

 

 

Cosby, George Blake:

CS-BrigGen; 1830-1909; aus Kentucky; verheiratet mit Antonia Johnson, der Tochter von Dr. John Milton Johnson aus Hopkins County, Kentucky (vgl. *Coombs Diary, Eintrag vom 2.3.1863 und Anm.). West Point 1852 (17/42); US Berufsoffizier, Mounted Rifles / Cavalry; Dienst an der Frontier; schwerverwundet in Indianerkämpfen; anschließend Taktiklehrer in West Point; Captain US Army; freiwillig ausgeschieden am 10.5.1861; anschließend Captain CS-Cavalry. Befördert zum Major im September 1861, diente unter Buckner in Süd- und Zentral Kentucky; Stabschef von Gen. Buckner in Fort Donelson. Er verhandelte im Auftrag Buckner's mit US Grant und erhielt dessen berühmte Kapitulations-Aufforderung "unconditional surrender". Fiel in Fort Donelson in Kriegsge­fangenschaft und wurde anschließend ausgetauscht. Nach seiner Freilassung befördert zum Col; BrigGen 20.1.1863 (appointed 23.4.1863); Cosby's Brigade gehörte im März 1863 zu BrigGen William T. *Martin's 1st Cavalry Division in Earl Van Dorn's First Confederate Cavalry Corps und war eingesetzt beim CS-Vorstoß in Tennessee; Cosby's Brigade; diese traf beim Gefecht von Thomp­son's Station gegen Coburn's Brigade am 5.3.1863 erst spät am Tag gegen Ende der Kämpfe auf dem Schlachtfeld ein (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 56). Cosby bis Kriegsende. Nachkriegszeit Farmer in California, hatte mehrere öffentliche Ämter inne und war Vorsitzender des West Point Board of Visitors (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 204).

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History, Vol. 1: Fort Sumter to Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 298

 

 

Coste, N. L.:

US-Captain Navy; Kapitän der USS William Aiken; sein Schiff lag im Dezember 1861 in Hafen von Charleston. Am 27.12.1861 wechselte Captain Coste die Seiten, trat zur Seite South Carolinas über, und übergab sein Schiff an der Behörden von South Carolina. Die Schiffsoffiziere, die treu zur Union standen, kehrten nach Washington zurück Guernsey / Alden: Harper’s Pictorial History of the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 29).

 

 

Coster, Charles R.:

US-Col; Regmeintskommandeur 134th New York Infantry Regiment (vgl. Hamlin: Battle of Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 40).

 

Coster was born in New York CityNew York. On April 17, 1861, just five days after the firing on Fort Sumter, he enlisted as a priva­te in the 7th New York Militia, one of the first regiments to come to the defense of Washington, DC at the outbreak of the Civil War. He later enlisted in 1861 at age 24 as a first lieutenant in 12th U. S. Infantry. He served in Brig. Gen.George Sykes's division of V Corps in the Seven Days Battles, being commended by his superiors for his conduct at the Battle of Gaines' Mill on June 27, 1862 (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Coster).

 

On October 8, 1862, Coster was named colonel of the recently organized 134th New York Infantry Regiment. By December 31, 1862, the regiment belonged to Col. Orland Smith's 2nd Brigade of Maj. Gen. Adolph von Steinwehr's 2nd Division, XI CorpsArmy of the Potomac. Coster's regiment participated in the Battle of Chancellorsville under Brig. Gen.Francis C. Barlow, who had been ap­pointed brigade commander in place of Smith. During May 1863, Coster's regiment joined the 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, under Col. Adolphus Buschbeck. When Buschbeck went on leave on June 10, Coster became brigade commander. In that role he patrolled near Boonsboro, Maryland before marching to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Coster).

 

Maj. Gen. Oliver Otis Howard kept von Steinwehr's division in reserve on the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg, July 1, 1863, po­sitioning it on Cemetery Hill. When the Union right flank north of town began to collapse, Howard permitted von Steinwehr to send Coster's brigade to cover its retreat. These Union troops took a position just north of the town, where they were deployed in a brickyard. The brigade was attacked by superior forces from the Confederate division of Maj. Gen. Jubal Early. Coster's brigade lost most of its 597 casualties in that action. The remainder of the brigade spent the next two days supporting batteries on Cemetery Hill. Howard commended Coster and other senior commanders by name for their courage and devotion to duty in his report on Gettysburg (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Coster).

 

Later in 1863, Coster resigned his regimental command. On May 18, 1864, he was appointed a provost marshal for the State of New York to serve the Board of Enrollment. Coster resigned that position on April 30, 1865. Thereafter he lived in New York City. On Fe­bruary 28, 1882, he became a federal Pension Agent for the city, resigning effective December 1, 1885. He was also a member of the Grand Army of the Republic (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Coster).

 

18.12.1839 - † 23.12.1884; beerd. Saint Peters Episcopal Churchyard, Bronx / New York (vgl. www.findagrave.com). Coster died in New York City and was buried on December 26, 1888. He left a widow and children (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Charles_ Coster).

 

Photo:

http://www.geni.com/people/Colonel-Charles-R-Coster-USA

 

 

Cottle, John C.:

 

Documents/Literature::

- Papers (Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield / Illinois)

 

 

Cotton, John W.:

CS-Pvt; Co. C, 10th Regiment Confederate Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M818 Roll 6); zuvor in der Vorgängereinheit, 5th Battalion. Hilliard's Legion Alabama Cavalry

 

Cotton war a yeoman farmer from Pinckneyville / Alabama; he enlisted at Pinckneyville, Alabama, on April 1, 1862, and was paro­led at Talladega on May 25, 1865.  During the intervening years he saw action in Tennessee and Kentucky, in the Dalton-Atlanta campaign, briefly again in Tennessee, then in Georgia against the forces of Sherman, moving finally into South Carolina.

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Cotton, John W.: Yours til' Death: Civil War Letters of John W. Cotton; ed Lucille Griffith (University of Alabama Press, 1951)

 

 

Cotton, Thomas Burwell:

CS-Lt, 34th North Carolina Infantry; Cotton ist in Petersburg gefallen

 

Documents/Literature::

- Taylor, Michael W.: The Cry is War, War, War: The Civil War Correspondence of Lieutenants Burwell Thomas Cotton and George Job Huntley, 34th Regiment North Carolina Troops (Morningside: Dayton 1994); 1st Edition, 194 pp, Maps, Photos, Footnotes, In­dex (The 34th North Carolina participated in every major battle of the Army of Northern Virginia. Well-written letters from two school teachers who died fighting for the Confederacy (Huntley at Gettysburg and Cotton at Petersburg)

 

 

Couch, Darius Nash:

US-MajGen; 1822-97; aus New York; USMA 1846 (13/59) Artillery. He fought in the Mexican War (1 brevet) and the Seminole War On leave of absence in 1853 he gained distinction as a naturalist while exploring in Mexico with an expedition from the Smithsonian In­stitution. Resigning in 1855, he engaged in business and manufacturing. On 15 June 61 he became Col. of the 7th Massachusetts In­fantry and in Aug. was commissioned BrigGen. USV with rank from 17 May. Brigadekommandeur der Brigade Couch, bestehend aus 2nd Rhode Island (das Regiment v. Elisha Hunt Rhodes), 7th und 10th Mass, 36th New York (vgl. Rhodes, Elisha Hunt:: All for the Union, a.a.O., S. 33). Commanding the 1st Div., IV (Keyes's) Corps (13 March.- 12 July '62), he took part in the Peninsular cam­paign. Promoted MajGen. USV 4 July 62, he led his division in the 2nd Bull Run and Antietam campaigns. This division was atta­ched to Franklin's VI Corps am 13 Sept and on 26 Sept. 62 became part of that corps, being redesignated the 3rd Div. Couch's unit saw action only on 17 Sept. 1862 Crampton''s Gap) during these two campaigns. Taking command of II. Corps 7 Oct. 1862, Couch led this unit with distinction in the battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. Disgusted with Hooker's blundering in the latter campaign, Couch asked to be relieved and was given command des neugebildeten Department of the Susquehanna am 11.6.1863; Couch befehligte in dieser Eigenschaft die meisten der Miliz-Einheiten bei Harrisburg, die sich Lee's Invasion in Pennsylvania Ende Juni / Anfang Juli 1863 entgegenstellten (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 600 Anm. 2; Sauers: Gettysburg: The Meade-Sickles Controversy, a.a.O., S. 3; vgl. Stackpole: They met at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 22-23; vgl. Nye: Here come the Rebels, a.a.O., S. 62-63).

 

During the Gettysburg campaign he was engaged in organizing Pennsylvania home-guard levies for the defense of the state (s. Cham­bersburg: "Southern Revenge", a.a.O., S. 73). Couch hatte sich im Battle of Chancellorsville ausgezeichnet, hatte jedoch anschlie­ßend den Befehl über das II. Army Corps aufgegeben, weil er nicht bereit war, länger unter MajGen Hooker zu dienen. Er übernahm Mitte Juni 1863 das neu geschaffene Militia-*Department of the Susquehanna in Pennsylvania (vgl. Coddington: Gettysburg Cam­paign, a.a.O., S. 135).

 

Going then to the West, he commanded the 2nd Div XXIII Corps (8 Dec. 1864-30 Apr. 1865) at Nashville (15-16 Dec. '64) and in N.C. On leave of absence until he resigned 26 May '65. After being an unsuccessful Democratic candidate for Gov. of Mass., he was US Collector for the port of Boston for five months, but his appointment ceased 4 March. '67 when the Senate failed to confirm it. He was president of a mining and manufacturing concern in Va. in 1867, then Q.M. Gen. of Conn. (1876-78) and AdjGen. (1883-84).

 

23.7.1822 - † 12.2.1897 Norwalk Fairfield County/Connecticut; beerd. Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Bristol County/Massachusetts; °° Mary Caroline Crocker Couch (1926-1912) (vgl. www.findagrave).

 

Photo:

- Portrait of Darius Couch by Mathew Brady or Levin C. Handy taken in 1861 or 1862 (vgl. Mathew Brady - Library of Congress Prints and Photo­graphs Division. Brady-Handy Photograph Collection)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Couch, Darius N.: "Sumner's Right Grand Division" (Battle of Fredericksburg); in: Battles and Leaders, vol. 3, S. 79

- Couch, Darius: „Chancellorsville Campaign“; in: B&L vol. 3, 154-171

- **Couch, Darius; Papers, Old Colony Historical Society, Taunton/Massachusetts

 

 

Coulter, James R.:

US-First Lieutenant, Co. I, 123rd Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 23); schwer verwundet im Battle of Fredericksburg am 13.12.1862 und vor dem 16.12.1862 im La­zarett verstorben (vgl. Beardon: Humphreys Pennsylvania Di­vision; in: Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 99).

 

 

Coulter, James R.:

US-Sergeant, Co. E, 95th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 22); enlisted: Jul 30, 1862 as Private. He was wounded during the siege of Vicksburg, MS, Jun 20, 1863. A gunshot wound of the right side of his scalp, and also received a flesh wound of the right forearm, he was admitted to the hospital of the 3rd Division, 15 th Corps, where he is reported as recovered for duty. On Nov 5, 1864, he was admitted to Adams Hospital, Memphis, TN, with Pneumonia, where he died (vgl. www.findagrave. com). Sein letzter Dienstgrad war Lieutenant (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~champaign/military/civil.htm).

 

22.1.1824 Virginia/USA - † 8.11.1864 Tennessee, beerd. Oak Dale Cemetery, Urbana/Ohio; °° Laura F. Coulter )1833-1903) (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Counseille, Henry Thomas:

CS-Captain, Co. B, 7th Regiment Mississippi Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M232 Roll 19). Counseille trat zunächst als Ser­geant in das 2nd Mississippi Infantry Regiment (1st Partisan Rangers) ein, und war dort später 2nd Lieutenant (vgl. National Park Soldiers M232 Roll 19).

 

12.10.1836 - † 11.9.1881; beerd. Rucker Cemetery, Ripley, Tippah County /Miss.; °° mit Catharine P. Counseille (vgl. http:// www.­findagrave.com). Catherine P. Stubbs Counseille (15 May 1857-10 March 1945) married Captain H. Thomas Counseille in Tennes­see, 12 October 1836 [!!!]. During the Civil War, H. Thomas Counseille enlisted as a solider in the 2nd Mississippi Infantry, Compa­ny B and later served as Captain of the Cavalry of the 7th Mississippi Infantry Regiment. The couple lived in Ripley, Mississippi (aus: James R. Redden Collection, Archives and Special Collections, J.D. Williams Library, The University of Mississippi: http:// 184.168.105.185/archivegrid/collection/data/731041945).

 

Photo:

Counseille Grabstein auf dem Rucker Cemetery, Ripley, Tippah County /Miss. (vgl. http:// www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Coursey, Septimus M.:

US-Pvt; Co. G, 2nd Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 23).

 

Teilnahme am Angriff auf Fort Gilmer (außerhalb von Richmond) am 29.10.1864 (vgl. Nosworthy: Bloody Crucible, a.a.O., S. 249)

 

 

Courtney, Alex:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 16th Regiment Louisiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M378 Roll 6).

 

 

Courtney, Alfred R.:

CS-Major; Chief of Artillery in Ewell's Division während Jackson's Vorstoß gegen Pope's Army of Virginia im August 1862; Teilnah­me am Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 52-54; Freeman, Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., vol. 2, S. 29).

 

 

Courtney, C. P.:

US-Pvt; Co. D, 2nd Battalion, Virginia Infantry, Local Defense (Waller's) (Quartermaster Battalion) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 12).

 

 

Courtney, Edward H.:

US-Pvt; Co. I&M, 5th Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 14); original filed unter Henry E. Courtney

 

 

Courtney, James H.:

CS-Pvt; Co. E, 1st Regiment Missouri Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M380 Roll 3).

 

 

Courtright, Cornelius C.:

US-Corporal; Co. G, 104th Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 19).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Courtright, Cornelius C.: Diary (typed transcript, Chicago Historical Society, Chicago / Illinois)

 

 

Colville, William jr.:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 1st Regiment Minnesota Infantry; er trat als Captain in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M546 Roll 2; vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg. The Second Day, a.a.O., S. 18)

 

Documents/Literature::

- Imholte, John Q.: The First Volunteers History of the First Minnesota Volunteer Regiment, 1861-1865 (Minneapolis, 1963)

 

 

Cowan, Andrew:

US-Major; 1st New York Independent Battery; zunächst Senior First Lieutenant, dann Captain und schließlich Brevet Major (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 30).

 

Cowan's battery moved into position on Cemetery Ridge on July 3rd and played a key role in defense of the Union center during Pickett's Charge

 

Documents/Literature::

- Murray, R. L.: "Hurrah for the Ould Flag!" The True Story of Captain Andrew Cowan and the First New York Independent Battery at Gettysburg (Murray); 140 pp; Photos; Maps; Footnotes; Biblio; Index

 

 

Cowan, Andrew:

US-Pvt; Co. E, 7th Regiment Vermont Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M557 Roll 4).

 

 

Cowan, Andrew J.:

US-Sergeant; Co. K, 121st Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 30).

 

 

Cowan, J.:

US-LtCol; Regimentskommandeur 19th Kentucky Infantry, 10th Division Andrew J. Smith, XIII. Army Corps McClernand während Grant's Campaign gegen Vicksburg 1863 (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, vol. II, S. 402). Battle of Port Gibson am 1.5.1863 (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, a.a.O., vol. II, S. 402).

 

 

Cowan, Robert W.:

CS-Captain; Co I, 10th Regiment Alabama Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers 374 Roll 10); geb. Cherokee County/Alabama - † 6.7.1862; nach schwerer Verwundung im Battle of Gaines Mill / VA am 27.6.1862 (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 25.5.2016).

 

 

Cowdin, Robert:

US-++General; zunächst Col, Co. F&S, 1st Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 9);

 

 

Cowles, L.:

US-+++; 5th Massachusetts Battery

 

Documents/Literature::

- Cowles, L.: History of the Fifth Massachusetts Battery (Butternut and Blue); 1000 pp; Maps; Illustrations; Index; Roster; Brand New Reprint of Scarce 1902 Regimental. Details of action at Yorktown, Mechanicsville, Malvern Hill, Second Manassas, Fredericks­burg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Petersburg and more. This battery suffered the greatest percentage of loss in battle of any light battery in volunteer service.

 

 

Cox, Jakob D.:

US-MajGen; Anwalt, Mitbegründer der republikanischen Partei in Ohio, Kommandeur der Milizen von Ohio; im Bürgerkrieg: ++++; Cox spielte während der Atlanta Campaign eine Schlüsselrolle: In der Schlacht von Kennesaw Mountain eroberte Cox' Division einen Höhenzug gegenüber der linken der Flanke der Konföderierten, was Sherman's Flankierungsmanöver ermöglichte. Im späten August 1864 erfolgte Cox' erfolgreicher Angriff und die Flankierung von Atlanta im Südwesten mit dem Abschneiden der Eisenbahn­linie Atlanta-Macon, was letztendlich zu Hood's Räumung von Atlanta führte. Nachkriegszeit: Gouverneur von Ohio ab 1865, 1869 Secretary of the Inferior (Innenminister) unter Präs. Grant; da Cox sich gegen die Politik der Reconstruction zur Wehr setzte und ge­gen die radikalen Republikaner für eine Aussöhnung eintrat, kam es zum Bruch mit Grant; hiervon erholte sich Cox's Karriere nicht mehr; er war lediglich eine Wahlperiode lang Abgeordneter im House of Representatives und arbeitete ansonsten als Anwalt in Ohio. In dieser Zeit entwickelte sich sein Interesse an der Militärgeschichte des Bürgerkrieges und verteidigte Sherman's Memoiren. Sehr bemerkenswert objektiv und abgewogen und fair war - trotz seines Zerwürfnisses mit Grant - seine Beurteilung von Grant's Memoi­ren.

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Cox, Jacob D.: Sherman's Battle for Atlanta (New York: DaCapo Press, 1994 - Reprint of 1882 original - New Introduction by Brooks Simpson)

- **Cox, Jacob D.: "The March to the Sea", Franklin and Nashville 1882

- **Cox, Jacob D.: Diary. Typed manuscript (Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park, Kennesaw / Georgia)

- **Cox, Jacob D.: Military Reminiscenses (New York, 1900; 2 vols)

 

 

Cox, Joseph H.:

CS-Bugler; Baxter's Company, Tennessee Light Artillery (vgl. National Park soldiers M231 Roll 10).

 

 

Cox, Leroy Wesley:

CS-Pvt; Carrington's (Virginia) Battery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 13; vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 378

 

Documents/Literature::

- Cox, Leroy Wesley: Memoir. Typescript of unpublished postwar recollection of Leroy Wesley Cox of Carrington's Battery (Albe­marle County Historical Society Library, Charlottesville, Virginia)

 

 

Cox, Philipp:

CS-Pvt; Kirkpatrick's Company, Virginia Light Artillery (Amherst Artillery) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 13).

 

 

Cox, Thomas B.:

CS-Sergeant Major; Co. I, 6th Regiment Mississippi Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M232 Roll 8; s. auch 14th Consolidated Mississippi Infantry

 

Im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh gehörte die 6th Mississippi Infantry zur 2nd Brigade BrigGen Patrick R. Cleburne III. Army Corps MajGen William J. Hardee in A. S. Johnston’s Army of the Mississippi. Das Regiment nahm unter Führung von Col J. J. Thornton am frühen Morgen des 6.4.1862 teil am CS-Angriff auf die Position der Division Sher­man südlich Shiloh Church (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 158). Das Regiment erlitt hierbei beim Angriff auf die 53rd Ohio Infantry Verluste von 70,5 % (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 159).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Cox, T. B.: “Sixth Mississippi Regiment at Shiloh:” Confederate Veteran, vol. 18 (November 1910), S. 509

 

 

Cox, William R.:

CS-First Sergeant; Co. D, 2nd Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 14);

 

Im Battle of Antietam am 17.9.1862 war der damalige Pvt William R. Cox beteiligt an der Bergung der Leiche von LtCol William R. *Holmes an der Lower Bridge (Burnside Bridge) (vgl. Priest: Antietam, a.a.O., S. 239; vgl. „The Burk SS“, in: Confe­derate Veteran XXXII, 1924, p. 464).

 

 

Coyl, William H.:

US-LtCol; Co. F&S, 9th Regiment Iowa Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M541 Roll 6).

 

Während der Pea Ridge Campaign 1862 war Coyl Major in LtCol Francis J. *Herron's 9th Iowa Infan­try, in William *Vandever's Brigade, Col Eugene A. *Carr's 4th Division, Samuel R. *Curtis Army of the Southwest. (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 333).

 

 

Coxe, John:

CS-Pvt; Co. B, 2nd Regiment South Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M381 Roll 7; Kershaw's Brigade; Teilnahme am Battle of Gettysburg (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 254, 282)

 

Documents/Literature::

- Coxe, John: "The Battle of Gettysburg." Confederate Veteran 21 (1913): 433-36

 

 

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