Version 25.7.2017

 

 

Litera C (Ci-Cl)

 

 

Cilley, C. H.:

CS-Col; Cilley was Assistant Adjutant General under Van Derveer and was appointed by N. Carolina's Governor to head the Battle­field Commission. After the war he moved to the state and made it his adopted home. He authored the section on Chickamauga in Vo­lume V in Clark, Walter, ed. Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-65: Writ­ten by Members of the Respective Commands. 5 vols (Goldsboro, N.C.: E. M. Uzzell (vol. 1); Raleigh, N.C.: Nash Brothers, 1901).

 

 

Clack, Franklin H.:

CS-Major; Louisiana Confederate Guards Response Battalion; Louisiana-Gouverneur Thomas O. *Moore stellte auf Anforderung von Beauregard vom 21.2.1862 ca 1500 Mann Militia auf, die für 90 Tage mit Zustimmung des CS-War-Departments eingezogen wurden; die Truppen umfaßten die Washington Artillery (5th Co.), Orleans Guard Artillery, Orleans Guard Battalion, Crescent Re­giment und Confederate Guards Response Battalion (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 61).

 

Die Einheit gehörte im Battle of Shiloh zum II. Army Corps MajGen Braxton Bragg 1st Division BrigGen Daniel Ruggles 2nd Briga­de BrigGen Patton Anderson (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 321). Am Morgen des 6.4.1862 Teilnahme am Angriff von Anderson’s Brigade auf die 5th US-Division Sherman’s südlich Shiloh Church (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 167 mit Karte S. 166).

 

 

Claiborne, John Francis Hamtramck:

1809-1884; J.F.H. Claiborne was a lawyer, U.S. Representative, editor, planter, and historian of Mississippi and Louisiana. The collection has relatively few items pertaining to Claiborne's personal activities but includes letters he wrote while a law student in Wytheville, Va.; records of the 1842-1843 commission on Choctaw Indian claims; a few papers of Governor John Anthony Quitman; diary of Willis Herbert Claiborne as a Confederate officer at Vicksburg in April-July 1863; J. L. Power's notes on the Mississippi secession convention; materials collected by Claiborne in preparation of his history of Mississippi, among them biographical and autobiographical material on prominent leaders; and writings of Claiborne and others on a wide variety of contemporary and historical subjects.

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Claiborne, J. F. H.: Papers; Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Collection Number 00151

- **Claiborne, J. F. C.: „The Secession Convention“; in: J. F. H. Claiborne Papers Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

 

 

Clanton, James Holt:

CS-BrigGen; Kommandeur Clanton’s Brigade of Alabama Cavalry; 1862 Col 1st Alabama Cavalry (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 69).

 

Das Regiment gehörte im Battle of Shiloh zum II. Army Corps MajGen Braxton Bragg 2nd Division BrigGen Jones M. Withers 3rd Brigade BrigGen John K. Jackson (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 321). Bei der Ablösung der 19th Alabama Infantry von Sicherungs­aufgaben bei Monterey durch Randal Gibson’s Brigade (II. Army Corps MajGen Braxton Bragg 1st Division BrigGen Daniel Rug­gles 1st Brigade Col Randal L. Gibson) bildete die 1st Alabama Cavalry den Screening Schirm (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 116).

 

Clanton versuchte mit 200 Kavalleristen während *Rousseau’s Raid nach Alabama im Juli 1864 die US-Truppen am Übergang über den Coosa-River zu hindern. Clanton stammte aus einer reichen Plantagenbesitzerfamilie und wuchs bei Callebee Creek / Alabama auf. Clanton war Freiwilliger und Veteran des Mexiko-Krieges, dann Rechtsanwalt und arbeitete in der Alabama Verwaltung. Er war gegen die Sezession, folgte aber nach Kriegsbeginn der Sache des Südens, hob auf eigene Kosten eine Company aus und wurde zum Colonel des 1st Alabama Cavalry Regiment gewählt; er wird als „gallant to rashness“ charakterisiert. Er war seinen Vorgesetzten ein unbequemer Untergebener. Nach einer Auseinandersetzung mit CS-Gen Braxton Bragg, trat er zurück und bat um Versetzung nach Nord-Virginia. Stattdessen wurde er Brigadekommandeur einer gemischten Brigade in Alabama und zum BrigGen ernannt (Evans, Sherman’s Horsemen, a.a.O., S. 110). Nach einer Revolte in seiner Brigade, deren Soldaten mehrheitlich unionistisch gesinnt waren, geriet er in den Ruch der politischen Unzuverlässigkeit, obwohl er im Kriegsgerichtsverfahren freigesprochen wurde. Nach Auflö­sung seiner Brigade wurde er zunächst in den Stab von Leonidas Polk versetzt, wo er sich bei der Evakuierung der Artillerie über den Etowah River gegen Sherman’s Angriff auszeichnete. Nachdem Gen. Polk am 14.6.1864 gefallen war, wurde Clanton von Gen. Joe Johnston als unzuverlässig und ungeeignet auf einen abgelegenen Posten in den Blue Mountain / Nordalabama versetzt, wo er eine kleine Brigade bestehend aus 6th und 8th Alabama Cavalry kommandierte.

 

Als Clanton vom Erscheinen der Truppen Rousseau’s am Coosa River erfuhr, griff er mit Teilen der 6th Alabama Cavalry energisch trotz der Unterlegenheit seiner Truppen im Morgengrauen an der Fährstelle bei Greensport/Coosa River an (Karte Davis Nr. 119, Karte bei Evans, a.a.O., S. 99; Gefechtskarte bei Evans S. 112), nachdem er zuvor alles unternommen hatte, um seine weiteren Kräfte zusammenzuziehen (Evans, a.a.O., S. 111).

 

Clanton wurde nach dem Krieg von einem früheren Unionsoffizier, David M. Nelson, in Knoxville Tennessee 1871 erschossen (vgl. Evans, Sherman’s Horsemen, a.a.O., S. 508 Anm. 23 m.w.N.).

 

Photo:

- Evans, Sherman’s Horsemen, a.a.O., S. 111.

 

 

Clare, William:

US-Pvt; er soll Pvt im 83rd Regiment New York Infantry sein (vgl. Gottfried: Brigade at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 69); im Katalog der Duke University (vgl. Duke University, Manuscript Department of the William R. Perkins Library) auf das sich Gottfried bezieht (vgl. Gottfried: Brigade at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 77n35), ist aufgeführt: „WILLIAM KEA­TING CLARE PAPERS, 1863. (39 items.) Letters of a Civil War soldier, originally from Ireland, who served in the 9th New York State Militia. His letters describe camp life and the battle of Gettysburg“. Als ' 9th New York State Militia' wurde das 83rd Regiment New York Infantry bezeichnet.

 

Im Register der National Park Soldiers Sammlung ist kein William Clare vom 83rd Regiment New York Infantry genannt; dort werden genannt: William Clare (145th Regiment New York Infantry), William Clare (10th Regiment New York Infantry), William Clare (97th Regiment New York Infantry) (vgl. National Park Soldiers). Auch im Roster des 83rd Regiment New York Infantry wird kein William Clare genannt (vgl. Annual Report of the Adjutant-General of the State of New York for the Year: Registers of the 83rd Regiment New York Infantry).

 

 

Clark, Achilles V.:

CS-Sgt; Forrest's Cavalry; Teilnahme am Massacre von Fort Pillow am 12.4.1864 (Bericht in Clark's Letter vom 14.4.1864; Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 93).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Clark, Achilles V.: Letters (Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville)

 

 

Clark, Caroll Henderson:

CS-2ndLt; Co. I, 16th Regiment Tennessee Infantry; er trat als Pvt in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M231 Roll 8; vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 403).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Clark, Caroll Henderson: Memoir (Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville / Tennessee)

 

 

Clark, Charles:

CS-BrigGen; 1811-1877; im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh war Clark Divisionskommandeur der 1st Division I. Army Corps MajGen Leonidas Polk in A. S. Johnston's Army of the Mississippi. Teilnahme am Battle of Shiloh am 6.4.1862. Clark führte persön­lich den Angriff der 12th Tennessee Infantry und der 13th Tennessee Infantry am Morgen des 6.4.1862 über Rea Field auf Battery E 1st Illinois Light Artillery (Waterhouse’ Battery). Hierbei gelang es der 12th Tennessee Infantry zusammen mit der 13th Tennessee Infantry die 57th Ohio Infantry 500 Yards zurück zu treiben. Clark erlitt hierbei eine schwere Schulterwunde (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 168).

 

Clark erholte sich von seiner Verwundung, wurde jedoch vier Monate später im Battle von Baton Rouge erneut schwer verwundet und fiel in Kriegsgefangenschaft. Er war in der Folge auf die Benützung einer Krücke angewiesen. Aufgrund seiner Dienstunfähig­keit schied er nach seiner Freilassung aus der Army am 31.10.1863 aus und wurde im Spätjahr 1863 zum Governor von Mississippi gewählt. (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 168; Boatner, a.a.O., S. 156).

 

 

Clark, Charles H.:

US-2ndLt; Co.H, 20th Regiment Connecticut Infantry; he signed in Quartermaster Sergeant (Co. F&S) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 3). In the Regimental History of the 20th Regiment Connecticut Infantry he is named as 'C. A. Clark' (vgl. Storrs: 20th Connecticut Infantry, a.a.O., p. 43). Lt C. A. Clark, who had been promoted from the non-commissioned staff to a lieutenantcy in Co. H, was on 27.1.1863 detailed in the Quartermaster department and ordered to report at Corps headquarters (vgl. Storrs: 20th Connec­ticut Infantry, a.a.O., p. 43).

 

 

Clark, Charles M.:

US-Surgeon; Co. F&S, 39th Regiment Illinois Infantry (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll6); there mistakenly „Clarke“; the correct spelling „Clark“ see his book: Clark, Charles M.: The History of the Thirty-Ninth Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Clark, Charles M.: The History of the Thirty-Ninth Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865 (Chicago 1889, First Edition; Reprint Heritage Books); 419 pp, Index, Rosters, Photos and Illustrations

 

 

Clark, Edgar W.:

US-Pvt; in the beginning Pvt, Co. G, 3rd Regiment Michigan Infantry (1st Organization) (National Park Soldiers M545 Roll 8); later Co. F, 5th Regiment Infantry (National Park Soldiers M545 Roll 8).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Clark, Edgar W.: Letter to Wife, 9.4.1863, Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park, Manuscript Collection

 

 

Clark, Gardner B.:

US-Captain; Co. C, 1st US-Sharpshooters (Berdan’s Sharpshooters) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M1290 Roll 1); wounded Battle of Gettysburg (vgl. Stevens: Berdan’s US-Sharpshooters in the Army of the Potomac, a.a.O., S. 344); 1935 - † 8.5.1912, buried Oakhill Cemtery, Grand Rapids / Michigan; °° Jane Baxter Clark (vgl. findagrave.com, Abruf 9.10.2016).

 

Clark, George:

CS-+++

 

Documents/Literature::

- Clark, George: A Glance Backward, or Some Events in the Past History of My Life (Houston: Press of Rein & Sons Company, 1914)

- Clark, Georg: "Wilcox's Alabama Brigade at Gettysburg." Confederate Veteran 17 (1909): 229-230

 

 

Clark, Henry J. B.:

aus Washington/DC - † +++; CS-Col, Special Battalion North Carolina Militia.

 

Im Battle of New Bern am 13.3.1862 eingesetzt. BrigGen Branch positioned his troops to defend the line at Fort Thompson. On his left, between the fort and the Beaufort Road, he placed the 27th and 37th North Carolina (Col Charles C. *Lee). Colonel C. C. *Lee commanded the left wing. His right wing, led by Col. Reuben Campbell, consisted of the 7th North Carolina Infantry (Col. Reuben *Campbell) and 35th North Carolina, Latham’s and Brem’s batteries (minus one section), an independent company of infantry, and the militia battalion under Col. H. J. B. Clark. The right wing covered the area between Beaufort Road and the brick kiln on the rail­road. Extending Campbell’s wing to the right of the railroad were the 26th North Carolina, the 2nd North Carolina Cavalry, a section of Brem’s artillery, and “one or two detached companies.” The 33rd North Carolina served as Branch’s only reserve for his thinly spread front line (vgl. McGee, David H.: 26th North Carolina Regimental History, http://www.26nc.org/History/26th-Regimen­tal-History/26th, S.24).

 

OR 9, S. 268 No. 30. Report of Colonel H. J. B. Clark, Special Battalion North Carolina Militia.

HDQRS. NORTH CAROLINA MILITIA, SPECIAL BATTALION,

Kinston, N. C., March 17, 1862.

SIR: In compliance with your instructions, received at New Berne 9 p.m. March 13, to report to Colonel Campbell at his headquar­ters, at Fort Thompson breastworks, I respectfully report that I repaired forthwith to that place, accompanied by Major Joseph N. Jo­nes, but did not find Colonel Campbell.

Major Jones called at Colonel Vance's encampment and was informed there that Colonel Campbell had gone in the direction of New Berne.

Proceeding thence to New Berne, by way of Colonel Lee's encampment, went to Colonel Campbell's encampment, and reported, in his absence, to Lieutenant Colonel E. G. Haywood, who directed me to report for duty at the depot of the Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad in New Berne on the following day, 5 a.m. The company was promptly reported and left New Berne at 8 a.m., and arriving at the breastworks was assigned position.

On the following morning, March 14, my command was placed in line of battle, numbering 264,20 having been detailed for hospital duty and 45 to aid Lieutenant Hawks in mounting cannon on the right of the breastworks. These last were forced from the works by the enemy's sharpshooters and came to the ranks after the action commenced.

As soon as the firing commenced the ground in front of me was so obscured by smoke that I could see but a short distance, and as fi­ring had commenced on my left with guns of longer range, as soon as I thought the enemy within reach of my guns commenced the fire by file, which order was promptly obeyed with coolness and determination. After firing three rounds I commanded the fire to cease. Soon after the smoke cleared away and the enemy were plainly seen drawn up in force on our right, and a company of sharps­hooters commenced pouring a fire into our rear, doing considerable execution and causing confusion in my ranks, but an order to ral­ly and take position was promptly obeyed, and calmness restored by the assurance that you would soon send re-enforcements; but the fire was continued on us and with redoubled energy, while they (the enemy) crossed the railroad, took possession of the rifle pits on our right and rear, and planted the Stars and Stripes.

Previous to this, however, they had fire upon a reconnoitering party I sent in that direction and upon the quartermaster and teamsters I had sent to recover the ammunition.

I at once time intended to leave the breastworks and charge upon the enemy, and for this purpose caused bayonets to be fixed; but when I saw the sharpshooters were supported by so large a force of the enemy, concluded that such attempt would result in great loss of life to my command without being able to effect corresponding good to our cause, and just as Colonel Vance poured his first fire into the enemy, a panic seized my command and part of them broke ranks.

Believing it impossible to reform under the fire of these sharpshooters at this moment of confusion I commanded a retreat in order, which was succeeded by a stampede of most of command. As soon as they had reached a small brush-wood, perhaps 60 yards distant, I ordered a rally and reformation of the line, in which I was promptly aided by every officer present to my view and for the moment thought I should succeed, but the cry was made that the regulars had retreated; the panic was renewed and increased and my influ­ence as a commander gone.

A few, perhaps 20 in all, with their officers, rallied and volunteered to return and obey my orders; but believing it would involve a sa­crifice of life to them, being untutored, as we were, in the art of war, I declined to do so, and in my efforts to rally others to join them became separated from these.

In the retreat I joined you at the railroad crossing, when you proposed to rally and cover the retreat. There I rallied a squad of the Athens Guards and Cow Creek Volunteers, with most of their officers; but soon the retreating column came on and this joined with them.

Leaving you there I went, together with Adjutant Roberts and Lieutenant Mitchell, to burn the tents at Colonel Lee's encampment. From this point we went to Trent (Clairmont) Bridge and found Major Hall making an effort to reform a regiment, and at his request took position on the bridge, to prevent soldiers passing, and remained there until an officer, said to be Lieutenant Burrows, took char­ge. At the close of the day I parted with you at Tuscarora, having received orders to rally my command and report at this place.

I have made as accurate report to Colonel Campbell of the number of my command in action, of the number killed, wounded, and missing, as I could gather from the commanders of companies. It is believed there were certainly 4 killed and 15 wounded, and there are many missing.

Respectfully,

H. J. B. CLARK,

Colonel, Commanding.

Brigadier General L. O'B. BRANCH,

District of Pamlico.

 

Henry J. B. Clark kannte das Gefechtsgelände bestens. °° 4.10.1837mit Mathilda D. Clark (Tochter des Ziegelfabrikanten Elijah Clark). Elijah Clark owned one of the earliest brick companies. A large abandoned clay pit identified in The Whitford Papers, was lo­cated in New Bern near Lawson’s Creek. Elijah Clark’s daughter, Matilda D. Clark, married Henry J. B. Clark (not related) of Wa­shington, NC on October 4, 1837 in Craven County. Henry Clark also served as an officer in the Confederate army and saw action in the battle of New Bern. Henry and Matilda Clark are buried in the Cedar Grove cemetery in New Bern. Henry Clark supplied the brick for the First Baptist Church on Middle Street in New Bern in the 1840s. At some point before 1860, the brick making operation was moved to an area west of New Bern where clay was suitable and obtainable. This area eventually became known as Clarks. One of the earliest known records is the Guion Map of 1864, showing Clark’s brickyard, along the Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad, eight miles west of New Bern (aus http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com).

 

 

Clark, Hermon:

US-2ndLt; Co. D, 117th Regiment New York Infantry; im Alter von 24 J, Clark enrolled 8.8.1862 at Sangerfield, to serve three years; mustered in as a corporal, Co. D on 13.8.1862; promoted sergeant 15.1863, first sergeant 1.2.1865; mustered in as 2ndLt 16.3.1865; mustered out with company, 8.6.1865 at Raleigh/NC (vgl. Report of Adjutant-General of New York, a.a.O., S. 528, Roster 117tr Regiment New York Infantry).

 

Clarke served with the 117th for 34 months and wrote 72 letters in which he reported his experi­ences of the war and battle fighting with the 117th at Bermuda Hundred, Drewry's Bluff, Petersburg, Fort Fisher, Charleston, and Wilmington.

 

Documents/Literature::

- Clarke, Hermon: Back Home in Oneida: Hermon Clarke and his Letters (Syracuse Univ, 1965); edited by Harry Jackson and Tom O'Donnell; 212 pp; Maps; Photos

 

 

Clark, J. Lyle:

s. J. Lyle Clarke

 

 

Clark, James Lemuel:

CS-Soldat (vgl. Josephy: The Civil War in the American West, a.a.O., S. 35)

 

Documents/Literature::

- Clark, James Lemuel: Civil War Recollections, ed. by L. D. Clark, Texas (A & M University Press, College Station, 1984)

 

 

Clark, John B.:

US-Col; Vorkriegszeit Pfarrer der Presbyterian Church. Regimentskommandeur 123rd Pennsylvania Infantry. Das Regiment gehörte seit Frühjahr 1862 zur Brigade von BrigGen Henry Shaw Briggs, und seit Herbst 1862 zur Division von BrigGen Andrew Atchinson Humphreys; Teilnahme am Angriff auf den Stonewall im Battle von Fredericksburg (vgl. Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 84, 99).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Pennsylvania Gazette vom 25.12.1862: "Letter from Col Clark"

 

 

Clark, John Bullock sen.:

CS-BrigGen (Missouri State Guard); 17.4.1802 in Madison County, Ky - 28.10.1881 in Frankfort; Sohn von Benett Clark und Mar­tha Bullock Clark; Neffe von Kentucky Governor James Clark und von Virginia Congressman Christopher Clark; die Familie zog 1818 nach Missouri; Studium der Jurisprudenz in Fayette, Howard County, Mo., anschließend erfolgreicher Rechtsanwalt; Politiker aus Missouri; Clark war 1823-25 County Treasurer; Clerk des County Court 1824-34 und State Representative 1850-51; 1840 kandi­dierte Clark für die Whig-Partei als Governor; später trat er aus der Whig-Party aus wegen deren Haltung in der Sklavenfrage und wurde Proslavery Democrat; für die Demokratische Partei wurde Clark 1857-1861 als Abgeordneter in den US-Congress ge­wählt; in der Vorkriegszeit MajGen der Missouri State Guard; Col. während des Black Hawk War; nach Kriegsausbruch BrigGen Missouri State Guard und Kommandeur im 3. Militärbezirk von Missouri 1861-62 (vgl. Allardice: More Generals in Grey, a.a.O., S. 59-60); Clark kämpfte bei Booneville (17.6.1861) und Wilson's Creek (10.8.1861) (vgl. Allardice: More Generals in Grey, a.a.O., S. 59-60; Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 82); zum Abgeordneten im Confederate Provisional Congress (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 82; Boatner, a.a.O., S. 156); Clark gewann die Wahlen zum First Confederate Senate und Second Confederate House; Streitigkei­ten mit dem im Exil befindlichen Missouri-Gouverneur Thomas *Reynolds führten zu Niederlage Clark's bei der erneuten Kandida­tur zum CS-Senat. Clark wurde allerdings gegen den Widerstand Reynold's mit den Stimmen der Truppen von General Sterling Pri­ce's Army erneut in das Confederate House of Representatives gewählt, wobei Price, ein entschiedener Gegner von Reynold's, Clark of­fen unterstützte. Clark blieb bis Kriegsende Abgeordneter in Richmond. Die US-Regierung setzte 1865 eine Prämie von 10000$ für die Ergreifung Clark's aus, dem jedoch die Flucht nach Mexiko gelang. Als er in der Annahme der Begnadigung sich zur Rückkehr entschloß und in Texas die Grenze überschritt, wurde Clark sofort festgenommen und in Fort Jackson inhaftiert. Mögli­cherweise von Präsident Johnson begnadigt, kehrte Clark erst 1870 nach Missouri zurück. Anschließend erneut Rechtsanwalt in Fa­yette, Mo. In den Wahlen zum US-Congress 1873 unterlag Clark gegen seinen eigenen Sohn John Bullock *Clark jun

 

Photos:

- Allardice: More Generals in Grey, a.a.O., S. 59 (Zeichnung)

 

Documents/Literature::

- Allardice: More Generals in Grey, a.a.O., S. 59-61

- Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 82, 87, 91, 96, 113, 213, 223

- Warner, Ezra J. and W. Buck Yearns: Biografical Register of the Confederate Congress (Baton Rouge, 1975); S. 49

- Stevens, Walter B.: Centennial History of Missouri (4 vols.; St. Louis, 1921); S. 859-60

 

 

Clark, John Bullock jr.:

CS-BrigGen; 1831-1903; aus Missouri; Sohn von John B. Clark; Graduate Missouri University, dann Harvard Law School; Rechts­anwalt; Lt in der Missouri State Guard; er befehligte eine Milizeinheit im Battle of Wilson's Creek; danach CS-Captain 6th Missouri Infantry; als CS-Major Teilnahme an den Schlachten Carthage (5.7.1861) und Springfield (25.10.1861). Col seit 1862; Briga­dekommandeur im Battle von Pea Ridge; CS-BrigGen 6.3.1864, eingesetzt unter Marmaduke und Shelby. Nachkriegszeit Rechtsan­walt und Abgeordneter im US-Congress 1873-83

 

 

Clark, Joseph C.:

US-Captain; im Frühjahr 1862 war Clark Batteriechef der Battery E 4th US-Artillery; eingesetzt im Battle of Kernstown am 23.3.1862 (vgl. LtCol Philipp *Daum's Report OR 12 [I] 359).

 

 

Clark, Leach:

US-+++, 36th Illinois Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Clark, Leach: "Dreams that Came to Pass: A Thirty-Sixth Illinois Soldier's Dream and Its Strange Fulfillment." Bivouac 2 (1884)

 

 

Clark, Myron:

US-Sergeant, Co. I, 14th Regiment Vermont Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M557 Roll 13).

 

 

Clark, Robert jr:

CS-+++; 20th Louisiana Infantry (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 167 i.V.m. S. 354 n5).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Clark, Robert jr.: “The New Orleans German Colony in the Civil War.” Louisiana Historical Quarterly, vol. XX (October 1937), S. 990-1015

 

 

Clark, Nathan S.:

US- +++klären+++20th Regiment Maine Infantry (vgl. Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 225n36).

 

Nathan S. Clark's diary claims, Col Josua Chamberlain gave the order of the last attack on Little Round Top, but his is clearly not a diary but a journal, written saome time after the battle and most likely after Chamberlain's report became public (vgl. Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 225n36).

 

 

Clark, Thomas:

US-Pvt; 56th New York Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Carr, James: Letters, 1862. Soldier in the 56th New York Regiment. Collection consists of two letters written by Carr and Thomas Clark, also of the 56th New York Regiment, in June 1862 from near the Chickahominy River, Virginia. Both letters are to a man na­med Robert. Carr's letter describes in detail the regiment's involvement in the Battle of Fair Oaks and Seven Oaks. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide - Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Depart­ment of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 90-035).

 

 

Clark, William:

Führer der *Lewis and Clark Expedition; Governor des Missouri Territoriums 1813-20, lebte in St. Louis bis zu seinem Tod 1838. 1820 kandidierte Clark erfolglos für das Amt des Governors des neuen Bundesstaats Missouri, unterlag jedoch Alexander McNair; Freund der Eltern der Julia *Grant Dent.

 

 

Clark, William T.:

US-++General;

 

 

Clarke, G. W.:

Indianeragent in Kansas 1854; Head of the Border Ruffians (vgl. Starr, Jennison's Jayhawkers, a.a.O., S. 8).

 

 

Clarke, George W.:

US-Major; quartermaster at Fort Smith (Sebastian County)

 

Documents/Literature::

- George W. Clarke: Statement and settlement of accounts, 1861-1862; 1 roll. Statement analysis of the account of Major George W. Clarke, quartermaster at Fort Smith (Sebastian County), pointing out and explaining errors and discrepancies. Microfilm copy of ori­ginal documents held by the National Archives, Record Group 109, Collection of Confederate Records (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayette­ville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Clarke, Hermon:

s. Hermon *Clark

 

 

Clarke, Isaak L.:

US-LtCol; Co. G, 96th Regiment Illinois Infantry; zunächst Captain (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 16); Clarke stammte Waukegan, Lake County/Illinois; er hatte bei der Aufstellung des Regiment die Co. G aufgestellt, war deren Captain und wurde bei den Offizierswahlen nach der Aufstellung des Regiments im August 1861 zum LtCol gewählt (vgl. Partridge, Charles A.: History of the Ninety-sixth Regiment Ill. Vol. Inf., a.a.O., S. 31).

 

Clarke war in der Vorkriegszeit Schullehrer gewesen (vgl. Partridge, Charles A.: History of the Ninety-sixth Regiment Ill. Vol. Inf., a.a.O., S. 57).

 

Photo:

- Partridge, Charles A.: History of the Ninety-sixth Regiment Ill. Vol. Inf., a.a.O., nach S. 32

 

 

Clarke, J. Lyle:

CS-LtCol; Co. B., Weston's Battalion Maryland Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M379 Roll 1); später 21st Regiment Virginia In­fantry (vgl. Hinweis bei National Park Soldiers M379 Roll 1). CS-Captain, Co. B, 21st Regiment Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 11). Später CS-LtCol, Co. F&S, 30th Battalion Virginia Sharpshooters (Clarke's) (vgl. National Park Sol­diers M382 Roll 11).

 

Die Schreibweise seines Nachnamens ist unterschiedlich: Clarke bzw. Clark (vgl. Goldsborough: The Maryland Line in the Confede­rate Army, a.a.O., S. 9).

 

Clark stellte 1861 in Richmond eine Company aus Marylandern auf, die nach Virginia geflohen waren; diese Einheit wurde als Co. B in das 21st Regiment Virginia Infantry übernommen (vgl. Goldsborough: The Ma­ryland Line in the Confede­rate Army, a.a.O., S. 9-10).

 

 

Clarke, John W.:

CS-Major; im Juli 1863 war Clarke als engineer officer im Stab von James Longstreet's First Corps. Am frühen Morgen des 2.7.1863 in der Morgendämmerung wurde Captain Samuel R. Johnston, ein Engineer aus dem Stab von Gen Lee, von Gen Lee beauftragt, „to reconnoiter along the enemy's left and return as soon as possible“ (zitiert ohne Quellengabe bei Tru­deau: Gettysburg, a.a.O. S. 279). Beginning at 4 A.M., Johnston rode over the ground between Willoughby Run and Marsh Creek leading east toward Emmitsburg Pike. He examined the terrain between the pike and the Round Tops, rode over the slopes and over the crest of these knobs [Anm.: diese waren also am Morgen des 2.7.1863 noch nicht von US-Truppen besetzt], crossed the Slyder farm, and returned. When rea­ching headquarters, General Lee „was surprised of my getting so far“. Gen Lee ordered Captain Johnston to join Longstreet's column on its march to the right wing of Lee's army of Northern Virginia (vgl. Gallagher [ed.]: The Second Day at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 71. Er wurde begleitet von Major John J. *Clarke, einem engineer officer aus Longstreet's Stab (vgl. Tru­deau: Gettysburg, a.a.O. S. 279).

 

 

Clarke, Richard:

CS-Captain; Co D 4th Alabama Infantry; dropped 21.4.1862

 

 

Clarke, William L.:

CS-LtCol; 6th Kentucky Infantry (vgl. Davis: Orphan Brigade, a.a.O., S. 222; vgl. Johnston: Confederate Military History of Ken­tucky, a.a.O., S. 161). Col W. L. Clarke aus der berühmten *Orphan Brigade lebte in der Nachkriegszeit in Nashville Tennessee (vgl. Confederate Veteran, vol. 1 (1893), S. 6).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Clarke, W. L. (Orphan Brigade): „Reunion of Hanson's Kentucky Brigade“; in Confederate Veteran (1893), vol. 1, S. 6

 

 

Clay, Cassius Marcellus:

US-MajGen; 1803-1910; Clay war in der Vorkriegszeit ein antislavery Verleger und Politiker in Kentucky in Lexington. Er verteidig­te seine Firma mit zwei Kanonen und durch seinen Ruf als erfolgreicher Duellant. Schließlich montierten während einer Abwesenheit seine Gegner (Kentucky war Sklavenhalterstaat) Clay's Druckerpresse ab und verschifften sie nach Cincinnati (Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother, a.a.O., S. 39). Bei Kriegsausbruch stellte er Clay's Battalion auf (vgl. Burlingame/Ettlinger: Inside Lincoln's White House. The Complete Civil War Diary of John Hay, a.a.O., S. 270 Anm. 5); am 28.4.1861 zum US-Botschafter in Rußland er­nannt, verzögerte er seine Abreise, um Truppen zur Verteidigung Washingtons aufzustellen. MajGen USV seit 11.4.1862 kehrte er im Juni 1862 in die USA aus Rußland zurück; resigned am 11.3.1863 und kehrte als Botschafter auf seinen Posten zurück, wo er Bot­schafter bis 1869 war. Nach seiner Rückkehr war er politisch aktiv als Mitglied des Liberal Republican Movement 1872; er unter­stützte Horace Greeley's Präsidentschaftskandidatur und griff Grant's Regierung an. Cousin von Henry *Clay.

 

 

Clay, Clement C.:

CS-Agent; früherer US-Senator aus Alabama; Clay traf am 5.1.1861 zur Vorbereitung des CS-Gründungskongresses vom Februar 1861 und zur Vorbereitung der Entscheidung über die Sezession mit Jefferson *Davis, Albert G. *Brown u.a. anderen zusammen (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 13).

 

Clay leitete eine Gruppe im CS-War Department, die Jacob *Thompson bei den Geheimdienstaktionen in Kanada ab 1864 unterstütz­te (vgl. Tidwell, April 65 - Confederate Covert Action, a.a.O., S. 32). Nach McPherson (Für die Freiheit sterben, a.a.O., S. 752) war Clement neben Jacob *Thompson in Canada eingesetzt, um von dort aus den Norden zu unterwandern und die Kriegsgegner in der Wahl von 1864 zu stärken, insb. durch Einschleusung von Agenten in die *Copperhead-Gruppen..

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Clay, Clement C.: Papers, National Archives Washington DC

- **Clay, Clement C.: Papers, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

- **Kinchen, Oscar A.: Confederate Operations in Canada and the North, North Quincy, Mass., 1970

- **Klement, Frank L.: The Limits of Dissent: Clement L. Vallandigham and the Civil War (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1970)

- **Klement, Frank L.: The Copperheads of the Middle West (Chicago: Chicago University of Chicago Press, 1960)

- **Klement, Frank L.: Dark Lanterns. Secret Political Societies, Conspiracies, and Treason Trials in the Civil War, Baton Rouge, 1984 (McPherson: Für die Freiheit, S. 943 Anm. 25 beurteilt Klements Auffassung wie folgt: Klement, der führende Historiker der *Cop­perheads, hält die meisten Beweise für deren heimliche Komplizenschaft mit den Rebellen für ein Gespinst aus "Gerüchten, Vermu­tungen und freie Erfindung", das von den Republikanern aus politischen Gründen in die Welt gesetzt worden sei. Aber auch Klement räumt ein, daß mehrere Friedensdemokraten 1864 von Agenten der Konföderation Geld und Waffen bekommen haben)

- Tidwell, April 1865 - Confederate Covert Action, a.a.O.

- Thompson, Jacob: Bericht an Judah Benjamin vom 3.12.1864, in: OR Ser. 1 Vol. XLIII, Tl. 2, S. 930-936

 

 

Clay, Henry:

US-Senator aus Kentucky; +++-1852; er vertrat einen Staat im Senat, in dem sich Sklavenhalter und Abolitionisten die Waage hiel­ten; Clay war ein bedeutender Mediator, der sog. "Great Pacificator" der mit seinen berühmten Kompromissen von 1820 und 1833 und erneut in der Krise der 50er Jahre (ausgelöst durch die "Wilmot Proviso" (vgl. Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother, a.a.O., S. 42, 44) den Süden beschwichtigen und mit dem Norden zum Ausgleich bringen wollte. Clay war Nationalist und trat gegen die Se­zessionisten für die Einheit der Union ein (McPherson, Für die Freiheit sterben, a.a.O., S. 63; Davis, William C.: Brother against Brot­her. The War Begins, a.a.O., S. 33). Der Vorschlag Clay's, daß von den neuen Bundesstaaten Kalifornien sklavenfrei, der von Mexico eroberte Bereich dagegen die Sklavenhaltung erlauben sollte, wurde 1850 Gesetz. Clay rettete 1850 hierdurch die Union und vermied Sezession und Bürgerkrieg (Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother, a.a.O., S. 45). Clay, dessen Kompromiß von 1850 die Nation wieder vereint hatte, kandidierte erfolglos fünfmal als Präsidentschaftsbewerber und wurde jedesmal geschlagen. Cousin von Cassius Marcellus *Clay.

 

Along with Lincoln, Clay stands as the most remarkable American of his century (vgl. Davis: Orphan Brigade, a.a.o., S. 3).

 

Photos:

- Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother. The War Begins, a.a.O., S. 34

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, a.a.O., S. 53

- Thompson, Jacob: Bericht an Judah Benjamin vom 3.12.1864, in: OR Ser. 1 Vol. XLIII, Tl. 2, S. 930-936

 

 

Clayton, Alexander M.:

CS-Politiker aus Mississippi; Delegierter auf dem CS-Gründungskongress vom Februar 1861 in Montgomery / Alabama (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 15, 29).

 

 

Clayton, William Henry Harrison:

US-Clerk; Company Clerk for the 19th Iowa Infantry; Clayton participated in the siege of Vicksburg and attack on Mobile. Details of the fighting at Prairie Grove where the 19th sustained the heaviest casualties of any Union regiment. Captured at Stirling's Plantati­on, Clayton spent 10 months in the Confederate prison at Camp Ford, Texas.

 

Documents/Literature::

- Clayton, William H.: A Damned Iowa Greyhound: The Civil War Letters of William Henry Harrison Clayton (Univ of Iowa Press); 236 pp; Photos

 

 

Clayton, Powell:

US-BrigGen; US-Col 5th Kansas Cavalry (US). Clayton was born in Bethel in Delaware County in Pennsylvania, to John and Ann Glover Clayton. He was a direct descendent of William Clayton, originally from ChichesterEngland.[1] Clayton the immigrant was a close friend of George Fox, founder of the Quakers, and William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania. John Clayton was an orchard kee­per and carpenter. John and Ann Clayton had ten children in all; six died in infancy. The young Clayton attended a private military academy in Bristol, Pennsylvania, north of Philadelphia. He later attended engineering school at Wilmington, Delaware.He moved to Kansas in 1855 and served as an engineer at Leavenworth, Kansas. On April 29, 1861, he is recorded as having a company of militia at Fort Leavenworth. His brothers William and John followed him to the West and, at one point, they all worked in Arkan­sas (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Powell_Clayton).

 

In May 1861 Clayton was formally mustered into the Union Army as a captain of the 1st Kansas Infantry. In December 1861, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel of the 5th Kansas Cavalry and later to colonel in March 1862. During the war he served primarily in Arkansas and Missouri, fighting in several battles in those states. Occupation of Pine Bluff: During the morning and early afternoon of October 25, 1863, Clayton commanded federal troops occupying Pine Bluff, Arkansas. He successfully repulsed a three-pronged confederate attack of the forces of General John S. Marmaduke. His troops had piled cotton bales around the Pine Bluff courthouse and surrounding streets to make a barricade for the Union defenders, and it worked. Confederate losses were 41 killed, wounded, and captured. Clayton was appointed a brigadier general of volunteers on August 1, 1864 (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Powell_ Clayton).

 

In 1868 Clayton was elected as the first Republican governor of Arkansas. His tenure was marked by soaring state debt (despite a state surplus when he took office), corruption, and violence. He was forced to declare martial law at the beginning of his term becau­se of racial tensions. Many members of his administration, and colleagues in his party were charged with corruption while he was go­vernor. Clayton was impeached by the legislature but was never formally convicted of a crime.[citation needed] He was reportedly involved with the tampering of a US Senate election between Thomas Boles and John Edwards; at the time the office was filled by election by the state legislature. Clayton was not convicted of any charges.[citation needed] His administration is mainly blamed for the Brooks–Baxter War. He worked with the legislature to improve the infrastructure in Arkansas: building railroads and new levees, as well as replacing levees destroyed during the war. While these improvements temporarily increased the debt, they were needed in­vestment for a state that had been underdeveloped before the war. The legislature established free public schools for the first time and funded the construction of some buildings. Because so little public investment had been made before, financing such projects was controversial. Clayton was persuaded to resign and accept election to the United States Senate after trying to ensure that the state would be stable under the appointment of an acting governor. While in the Senate, he worked with President Grant and his brother, William H.H. Clayton, the US Attorney in Arkansas, to have Judge Isaac Parker reassigned from Utah to Fort Smith, Arkansas, a frontier area with a high rate of violence and crime. The legendary “Hanging Judge,” along with U.S. Attorney Clayton, are credited with bringing law and order to the region. W.H.H. Clayton was later instrumental in bringing statehood to Oklahoma (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Powell_ Clayton).

Clayton was appointed as ambassador to Mexico in 1897 by President McKinley and served in that position until 1905.

Photo:

Clayton als 9th Governor of Arkansas

 

 

Clayton, William B.:

CS-Pvt; Parker's Company Virginia Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 11) bzw. Surry Light Artillery (Co. I, 3rd Regiment Virginia Infantry) vgl. Jo­nes: Under the Stars and Bars: Surry Light Artillery of Virginia, a.a.O., S. 30); dann Pvt Co. F, 13th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 52); Clayton gehörte zunächst zur Surry Light Artillery, which was organized as infantry and assigned to Co. I, 3rd Regiment Virginia Infantry Anfang August 1861 (vgl. Jo­nes: Under the Stars and Bars: Surry Light Artillery of Virginia, a.a.O., S. 9, 11). Im Frühjahr 1862 wurde er auf seinen Wunsch versetzt zur Surry Cavalry (= Company G, 13th Regiment Virginia Cavalry); Clayton served usefully for a time as scout, a difficult and dangerous duty. He received a severe wound, from which he never fully recovered, and died a year or two after the close of war (vgl. Jo­nes: Un­der the Stars and Bars: Surry Light Artillery of Virginia, a.a.O., S. 30).

 

 

Cleburne, Patrick R.:

CS-++General; ++++; zur unterschiedlichen Schreibweise des Namens (Cleeburne, Clayburne, Claiborne) vgl. Hay: Pat Cleburne - Stonewall of the West; in: Buck Cleburne an his Command, a.a.O., S. 13 Anm. 1). Cleburne war der höchstrangige Ire auf beiden Seiten (vgl. Wiley, Vorwort zu Buck: Cleburne an his Command, a.a.O., S. 7). Geboren in Cork/Irland am 17.3.1828; studierte im Trinity College Dublin; als 17jähriger Soldat im 41st Regiment der British Army, zuletzt als Corporal bis 1849; im Dezember 1849 nach Amerika ausgewandert; wohnhaft in Helena/Arkansas, studierte Jura, seit 1856 Rechtsanwalt; zunächst glühender Anhänger der Whig-Partei, schloß er sich nach einigen Jahren den Democrats an (vgl. Hay: "Cleburne, Stonewall of the West"; Einführung zu Buck: "Cleburne and his Command", a.a.O., S. 19 f). Im Frühjahr 1861 wurde er Soldat in der CS-Army zunächst als Private, im Mai 1861 zum Colonel der 15th Arkansas Infantry gewählt, seit 4.3.1862 BrigGen und Brigadekommandeur in Hardee's Division in Al­bert Sidney Johnston's Kentucky Army; seit 13.12.1862 Divisionskommandeur und MajGen.

 

Im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh gehörte *Cleburne's 2nd Brigade zum III. Army Corps MajGen William J. Hardee in A. S. Johnston's Army of the Mississippi. Die Brigade bestand aus folgenden Regimentern:

- 15th Arkansas Infantry Lt A. K. *Patton

- 6th Mississippi Infantry Col John J. *Thornton

- 2nd Tennessee Infantry Col W. B. *Bate

- 5th (later 35th) Tennessee Infantry Col Benjamin *Hill

- 23rd Tennessee Infantry LtCol James F. *Neill

- 24th Tennessee Infantry LtCol Thomas H *Peeples

- Shoup's Artillery Battalion:

- Trigg's Arkansas Battery Captain J. T. Trigg

- Calvert's Arkansas Battery

 

Cleburne's Vorschlag, in der CS-Army Regimenter von Farbigen aufzustellen, führte zu spürbaren Nachteilen in seiner Karriere (vgl. Bearss, Edwin: Vorwort zu: Weaver, C. P. [ed.]: Thank God my Regiment is an African One: The Civil War Diary of Colonel Nathan W. Daniels (Louisiana State University Press, 1998; Taschenbuchausgabe 2000); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik131, S. ix)

 

Februar 1864 ist Cleburne Divisionskommandeur der Cleburne Division in der Army of the Tennessee (Castel, Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 49/50) während der Atlanta Campaign

 

Photos:

- Buck: Cleburne an his Command, a.a.O., Vorblatt

 

Documents/Literature::

- Bearss, Edwin C.: "Patrick R. Cleburne: Stonewall Jackson of the West" (++++, 1953)

Benham, Calhoun: "Major-Gen. P. R. Cleburne, A Biographie," Kennesaw Gazette, 15.1.1889, S. 2

- Benham, Calhoun (Maj CSA) Papers: veröffentlicht in the "Kennesaw Gazette" Ausgaben v. 1.1.-15.1.1889 (Benham war Stabschef in Cleburne's Division und beschrieb nur die Zeit, während der er unter Cleburne diente: vom Battle of Murfreesboro bis zum Ende der Atlanta Campaign (vgl. Buck: Cleburne and his Command, Vorbemerkung von Hay, a.a.O., S. 19

- Brown, Norman D., ed.: One of Cleburne’s Command: The Civil War Reminiscenses and Diary of Capt. Samuel T. Foster, Granbu­ry’s Texas Brigade, CSA. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1980

- *Buck, Irving (Captain C.S.A.): "Cleburne and his Command" und Thomas Robson Hay: "Pat Cleburne: Stonewall of the West"; Morningside Reprint 1985 (Bucks Werk wurde originally published in 1908, 1958 neu herausgegeben und mit Vorwort "Pat Cleburne - Stonewall of the West" versehen durch Thomas R. Hay ) mit Vorwort v. Bell Irvin Wiley, Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik+++++

- Buck, Irving A.: "Cleburne and His Division ar Missionary Ridge and Ringgold Gap," Southern Historical Society Papers, VIII, S. 464-75

- Cleburne, Patrick R.: "Battle Reports" aus OR, mit Ausnahme von Shiloh und Perryville: abgedruckt in: Buck: Cleburne and his Command, a.a.O., S. 311-358

- Cleburne, Patrick R.: Papers 1823-1901; 22 items. Personal correspondence between Major General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne and family members and military officers. Post-war documents are primarily letters from family members and pages from the Cleburne family Bible. Cleburne, an Irish immigrant who settled in Helena (Phillips County), rose from the ranks during the course of the Civil War and was killed in the battle of Franklin, Tennessee, 1864. Five of the letters in this collection were published by Richard Howell Purdue and Elizabeth Purdue in "Pat Cleburne: Confederate General: A Definitive Biography" (Hillsboro, Texas: Hill Junior College Press, 1973); in Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

- Douglas, W. F.: "A Sketch of MajGen. Patrick R. Cleburne," in: The Land We Love 2 (1867), S. 460

- Hardee, William J.: "A Sketch of General Patrick R. Cleburne," Southern Historical Society Papers, XXXI (Richmond 1903)

- Hardee, William J.: Biographical Sketch of Major-General Patrick R. Cleburne; in: Southern Historical Society Papers, XXI (1903)

- Hardee, William J.: "MajGen. Patrick R. Cleburne," Confederate Veteran 12 (1904), S. 17

- Hardee, William J.: in: The Confederate Veteran, XII (Nashville, 1904), S. 17

- Joslyn, Mauriel P.: A Meteor Shining Brightly: Essays on Major General Patrick R. Cleburne (Terrell House 1997); 310 pp; Fore­word by Wiley Sword; Notes; Photos; Index - Nash, Charles E.: Biographical Sketches of General Pat Cleburne and General T. C. Hindman, together with numerous Anecdotes and Reminiscenses of the late Civil War (Morningside: Dayton, 1997 - Reprint of 1898)

- **Nash, Charles Edward: Biographical Sketches of Gen. Pat Cleburne and Gen. T. C. Hindman (Dayton: Press of the Morningside Bookshop, 1977)

- Purdue, Howell and Elizabeth: Patrick Cleburne, Confederate General (Hillsboro, Texas: Hill Junior College Press, 1973)

- Symonds, Craig L.: Stonewall of the West: Patrick Cleburne & the Civil War (University Press of Kansas, 1997); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik75

 

 

Clem, John:

US-Pvt; Co. C, 22nd Regiment Michigan Infantry; er trat als Musician in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M545 Roll 8). Clem trat im Alter von 9 (!) Jahren als Musician in das Regiment ein (vgl. Coco: Civil War Infantryman, a.a.O., S. 7).

 

 

 

Clendenning, George W.:

US-Corporal; Co. I, 176th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 25).

 

 

Clendenning, Jonathan M.:

US-Chaplain; Co. K, 96th Regiment Illinois Infantry; er trat als Pvt in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 16). Clendenning war als Pvt in das Regiment (Co. K) eingetreten, but had been (im Oktober 1862; err.) appointed Chaplain of the re­giment (vgl. Partridge: History of the Ninety-sixth Regiment Ill. Vol. Inf., a.a.O., S. 38, 69).

 

 

Cleveland, Marshall:

US-Captain; aus New York State; sein richtiger Name war Charles Metz; Cleveland zog nach Missouri, wo er unter dem Namen Moore zu einer Haftstrafe verurteilt wurde; Cleveland gelang die Flucht aus dem Gefängnis nach Kansas im Frühjahr 1861 (vgl. Starr: Jennison's Jayhawkers, a.a.O., S. 20); Kompaniechef Co H 7th Kansas Cavalry (vgl. Starr: Jennison's Jayhawkers, a.a.O., S. 19 ff). Wegen Auseinandersetzung über seine Verpflichtung zum Tragen einer vollständigen Uniform mit LtCol Daniel Read *Anthony vor der Front des Regiments, trat Cleveland aus der Army aus und lebte fortan als Räuber. Drei Monate lang wurde er steckbrieflich gesucht und von der 6th Kansas Cavalry gejagt. Am 10.5.1862 konnte Cleveland in Osawatomie von Captain H. S. *Greeno gestellt und festgenommen werden. Er wurde bei einem kurz darauf unternommenen Fluchtversuch am 10.5.1862 erschossen (vgl. Starr, Jen­nison's Jayhawkers, a.a.O., S. 26; Greeno's Report OR 13 S. 377-78).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Fox, Simeon M.: "The Early History of the Seventh Kansas Cavalry," Collections of the Kansas State Historical Society, 1909-1910, XI, S. 244-45

- Greeno, H. S.: Greeno's Report OR XIII S, 377-78

- Ingalls, John J.: "The Last of the Jayhawkers," Kansas Magazine I (1872), S. 360

- Starr, Stephen Z.: Jennison's Jayhawkers: A Civil War Cavalry Regiment and Its Commanders (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Un­iversity Press, 1973); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik61/3a, S. 19-26

 

 

Clewell, Augustus A.:

CS-+++; 21st North Carolina Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Clewell, Augustus A.: Letters. Unpublished War Time Letters of Augustus A. Clewell of the 21st North Carolina Infantry; scattered dates (North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh / North Carolina)

 

 

Cliff, Henry:

US-Sgt; Co F 76th New York Infantry; Cliff wurde am 1.7.1863 im Battle von Gettysburg bei Seminary Ridge schwer verwundet (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 109).

 

 

Clifford, James B.:

US-Pvt, Co. B, 1st New Jersey Cavalry; Clifford desertierte; † 1910, beerd. Bevans Church Cemetery, Sussex County, New Jersey (vgl. Newjerseycivilwargravestones.org).

 

 

Clift, William:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 7th Regiment Tennessee Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M392 Roll 3); Clift was a large landowner and merchant in Hamilton County /TN (vgl. Fisher: War at every Door, a.a.O., S. 64).

 

5.12.1794 [?] Green County / Tennessee - † 27.2.1866 Hamilton County / Tennessee; im Mai 1862 von BrigGen George W. *Morgan zum Col ernannt mit dem Auftrag in East-Tennessee eine Partisanen-Einheit aufzustellen und die CS-Verbindungen und Versorgungslinien zur Cumberland Gap zu unterbrechen. Clift stellte seine Einheit im Morgan County / East-Tennessee auf (vgl. Karte bei: Fisher, War at Every Door, a.a.O., S. 8) und erfüllte seinen Auftrag anfangs mit Erfolg. Im Juli / August 1862 wurde die Einheit in 7th Tennessee Infantry umbenannt und legte mehrere Hinterhalte in Morgan County und Anderson County / East Tennessee. Im August 1862 wurde die 7th Tennessee Infantry von einem CS Infantry Regiment unterstützt von Cavalry zerschlagen. Clift sammelte sein Regiment anschließend erneut und nahm seine Aktionen wieder auf, diesmal allerdings mit wenig Erfolg. Er verlegte deshalb sein Regiment Ende 1862 / Anfang 1863 nach Kentucky, wo die Einheit bis zur In­vasion im August 1863 verblieb (vgl. Fisher: War at Every Door, a.a.O., S. 73).

 

Literatur/Urkunden:

- **Clift Family Papers: Tennessee State Library and Archives: Clift Family Papers, Nr. 1968.383, Location VI-F-4

Regest: The Clift Family Papers containing approximately 150 items (269 photocopies), span the years from ca. 1820 to 1968 and are composed of Civil War letters, Bible records, a deed, wills, genealogical data and correspondence, historical and biographical sket­ches, D.A.R. and Daughters of 1812 applications, and other papers. Of special interest to the historian are the letters (August 20, 1863 to October 27, 1864) of Colonel William Clift, 7th Tennessee Regiment, U.S.A., his second wife, Elizabeth, and other members of the family in Kentucky. Clift’s letters, written largely from Knoxville, Knox County, Chattanooga (Hamilton County), and Soddy (Hamilton County), Tennessee, reflect his movement and conditions in Kentucky, his imprisonment in Atlanta, and his activities in east Tennessee, where he carried messages for the Federals through Confederate lines. There are two letters reassuring Mrs. Clift of her husband’s safety, one (March 20, 1864) written by Major General George H. Thomas, and another (September 24, 1864) written by a member of his staff. One letter (undated) from Clift’s brother-in-law tells of the excitement in Kentucky regarding the Negro question, mentioning that Colonel Frank L. Wolford has denounced the President as a traitor and that Kentucky Governor Thomas E. Bramlett did not reply to the charge. During March and April 1864, Colonel Clift wrote to his wife from Soddy, Tennessee, about the possibility of her joining him, but cautioned her that there were robbers everywhere. Clift’s views toward slavery are revealed in his statements that he favored the proposal to emancipate the slaves and to leave them in the states where they “respectively belong and let them do the labor in freedom that they have done in slavery.” The Clift family papers, including a sketch concerning how the Ci­vil War in east Tennessee affected the Clift family, center around Hamilton County, Tennessee, while the McDonald and some of the other families followed the familiar migration pattern from southwest Virginia through east Tennessee, and on to Texas. Other family lines settled in Maryland, North Carolina, and Kentucky. Since the families in this collection are so closely related, the researcher should consult folders for any families into which their lines married (aus: http://www.tn.gov/tsla/history/ manuscripts/ findingaids/68-383.pdf).

 

 

Clifton, J. B.:

CS-+++

 

Documents/Literature::

- Clifton, J. B.: Diary, North Carolina State Department of Archives and History

 

 

Clingman, Thomas Lanier:

CS-BrigGen; Senator von North Carolina (Ruffin Diary II 59).

 

July 27, 1812 Huntsville/NC – † November 3, 1897 Morganton/NC, known as the "Prince of Politicians," was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from 1843 to 1845 and from 1847 to 1858, and U.S. senator from the state of North Carolina between 1858 and 1861. During the Civil War he refused to resign his Senate seat and was one of ten senators expelled from the Senate in absentia. He then served as a general in the Confederate States Army.

 

Clingman was elected to the North Carolina State house of commons in 1835. In 1836 he moved to Asheville, North Carolina. He was a member of the North Carolina State senate in 1840. In 1843 Clingman ran as a Whig and was elected to the 28th United States Congress, however he was defeated in his reelection bid in 1845. In 1845 he fought a duel with a fellow congressman William Lowndes Yancey of Alabama. In Yancey's maiden speech on the House floor, he had impugned his opponent's integrity. Both duelists had missed. In 1847 he regained the seat and won reelection in 1849, 1851, 1853, 1855 and 1857. On May 7, 1858, he resigned after becoming a United States Senator as a Democrat the previous day, replacing the resigning Asa Biggs. He was reelected but was ex­pelled from the Senate for support of the Confederacy.

 

When he first entered the War, Clingman was the commander of the 25th North Carolina Infantry and took part in the Peninsula Campaign. He later commanded a brigade of infantry. Clingman's Brigade consisted of the 8th, 31st, 51st and 61st North Carolina In­fantry. Clingman's Brigade fought at GoldsboroBattery WagnerDrewry's BluffCold Harbor,PetersburgGlobe TavernFort Fisher, and Bentonville (aus https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Lanier_Clingman).

 

After the Civil War, Clingman explored and measured mountains in western North Carolina and Tennessee. Tennessee's highest mountain, also partly in North Carolina, was named Clingman's Dome in his honor. He died in Morganton, North Carolina, and was buried in the Riverside Cemetery in Asheville, North Carolina (aus https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Lanier_Clingman).

 

 

Clopton, Alfred Willoughby:

CS-Pvt, Virginia Military Institute Class of 1863. In trouble at VMI for playing cards. Drillmaster in Richmond during the spring of 1861 and then with the 12th North Carolina.  Paid $33.33 per month as a drillmaster.  Unofficial source says also Adjutant 12th North Carolina. Discharged as a drillmaster 28 November 1861.  Enlisted 5 March 1862 at Richmond as a Pvt, Company I, 4th Virginia Ca­valry.  AWOL July through August 1862. Transferred to Company E, 1 March 1863. In hospital (in Richmond, VA) 20 November 1863 to 14 January 1864 (had syphilis).  Admitted to hospital (in Richmond, VA) 24 August 1864 for a fever. He was sent home and died of fever- 9 September 1864 in Richmond, VA (http://thecivilwarparlor.tumblr.com/post/113750618940/alfred-willoughby­-a-w-clopton-one-of-virginia).

 

Photo:

- A.W. is the young cavalier at the upper right corner of the photograph, holding a bottle, filled, no doubt, with lemonade!  He served as a private in the 4th Virginia Cavalry (aus http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~clopton/fire.htm)

- A.W. was admitted to Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond on August 24, 1864 with a fever.  He was sent home and there he died on September 9, 1864 (aus http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~clopton/fire.htm)

 

 

Cluett, William W.:

US-Principal Musician; Co. E, F&S, 57th Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 16)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Cluett, William W.: History of the Fifty-Seventh Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, from Muster in, Dec. 26, 1861, to Muster out, July 7, 1865 (Princeton / Illinois: T. P. Streeter, Printer, 1886)

 

 

Cluke, Roy Stuart:

CS-Col; 8th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry; auch als 'Ray S. Cluke' bezeichnet (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 3). Der Vorna­me lautet gem. Grabstein auf dem Lexington Cemetery, Lexington/Kentucky: Roy S. Cluke (vgl. Photo bei www.findagrave.com).

 

Die 8th Kentucky Cavalry; eine Abteilung von Morgan's Cavalry unter Col R. S. Cluke nahm am 22.3.1863 Mount Sterling / Ken­tucky, 40 Meilen ostwärts von Lexington / Kentucky (Karte: Davis, a.a.O., Nr. 141) und machte 300 Gefangene (vgl. Marvel: Burnsi­de, a.a.O., S. 225). Teilnahme an Morgan's Raid nach Kentucky, Indiana und Ohio im Juni 1863 (vgl. Horwitz: The Longest Raid, a.a.O., S. 8).

 

30.12.1824 Montgomery County/Kentucky - † 31.12.1863 Ottawa County/Ohio; beerd. Lexington Cemetery, Lexington/Kentucky; Cluke was captured during Morgan's Ohio Raid in July 1863 and died of disease (possibly Diphteria) as a prisoner of war at Johnson's Island Prison Stockade, on Sandusky Bay on Lake Erie. His Lexington Cemetery burial record shows a date of 28.10.1863. His wife's name was Kate. He farmed in County KY prior to the Civil War with a P.O. of Winchester/KY (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 19.6.2016).

 

Photo:

- Horwitz: The Longest Raid, a.a.O., nach S. 72 Nr. A 16

 

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