Version 11.7.2019

 

Litera C

(Ce-Cl)

 

Cesnola, Luigi Palma di:

US-BrigGen;

 

Cesnola erhielt für sein Verhalten als Col. 4th New York Cavalry im Battle von Aldie am 17.6.1863 die Congressional Medal of Ho­nor (Beyer / Keydel [eds.]: Deeds of Valor, p. 211/12).

 

Photo:

- Beyer / Keydel, p. 212

 

 

Chalmers, James Ronald:

CS-BrigGen; 1831-1898; nach Besuch des South Carolina College wurde er Rechtsanwalt und Politiker; CS-Captain März 1861; Col 9th Mississippi Infantry im April 1861; 13.2.1861 BrigGen (Boatner, p. 135); die neu aufgestellte Brigade Chalmers' vertei­digte im Februar und März 1862 den Bereich um Eastport und Iuka / Alabama am Südufer des Tennessee River (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 135). Die Brigade bestand aus folgenden Regimentern bei einer Stärke von ca. 1500 Mann (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 335n39):

- 38th Tennessee Infantry Regiment

- 5th Alabama Battalion

- 9th Mississippi Infantry Regiment

- Section of Artillery

 

Anfang März 1862 wurde die Brigade durch folgende weitere Regimenter verstärkt und hatte nun eine Stärke von 2500 Mann (Da­niel: Shiloh, p. 72):

- 5th Mississippi Infantry Regiment

- 7th Mississippi Infantry Regiment

- 10th Mississippi Infantry Regiment

- 9th Texas Infantry Regiment

 

Die Brigade gehörte während der Shiloh-Campaign als 2nd Brigade 2nd Division BrigGen Jones M. Withers zum II. Army Corps MajGen Braxton Bragg (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 321).

 

Am 31.3.1862 war Chalmers's Brigade zur Aufklärung nach Norden über Lick Creek in die rechte Flanke von Grant's Army of the Tennessee angesetzt (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 116).

 

Chalmers kämpfte bei Santa Rosa Island und führte die 2nd Brigade 3rd Division II. Corps in Shiloh. Anschließend führte er die 2nd Brigade 2nd division unter Polk bei Munfordsville und Stones River; bei Stones River verwundet. Im April 1863 übernahm er das Kommando des District of Mississippi und Eastern Louisiana; 1864 Kommandeur der 1st Cavalry Division. Er war unter Forrest ein­gesetzt bei Fort Pillow, kämpfte im nördlichen Mississippi, Tennessee und Kentucky sowie in der Franklin und Nashville Campaign. Am 18.2.1865 übernahm er den Befehl über die ganze Cavalry in Mississippi und West Tennessee. In der Nachkriegszeit war er Ab­geordneter der Democratic Party im US-Congress (Boatner, p. 135).

 

 

Chamberlain, Benjamin F.:

US-Major; Co. F&D, 1st Regiment West Virginia Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M507 Roll 2); Einsatz im Battle of Kernstown am 23.3.1862 (OR 12 [I]: 346, 355)

 

 

Chamberlain, George E.:

US-Pvt; Co. K, 6th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (NARA microfilm publication M559 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Re­cords Administration, n.d.), roll 5); Chamberlain stammte aus Mauston/Wis.; † Battle of South Mountain; (Herdeen/Beaudot: Bloody Railroad Cut, p. 30).

 

 

Chamberlain, George W.:

US-Pvt; Co. G&D, 6th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (NARA microfilm publication M559 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 5).

 

 

Chamberlain, George W.:

US-Pvt; Co. L, 1st Regiment Massachusetts Heavy Artillery (NARA microfilm publication M544 (Washington D.C.: National Archi­ves and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 7).

 

1839-1900; beerd. Needham Cemetery, Needham, Norfolk County/MA (www.findagrave.com, Abruf von 29.8.2016; Anm.: on the Inscription on his Gravestone there is no hint upon his military service, only an american flag shows, that he was in Civil War duty. There es no other person 'George W. Chamberlain' mentioned in the National Archive, who was in Service during the Civil War; the­refore it seems shure, that both Persons are identical) .

 

 

Chamberlain, George W.:

US-Pvt; Co. K, 17th Regiment Ohio Infantry (NARA microfilm publication M552, Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 18).

 

17.8.1823 Perry County/Ohio - † 2.4.1898 Licking County/Ohio; beerd. Maple Grove Cemetery, Baltimore/Ohio; °° 23.12.1849 mit Elizabeth Anna Ashley 22.8.1830 Knox County - † 26.7.1908) (www. findagrave.com, Abruf vom 29.8.2016).

 

 

Chamberlain, John Calhoun:

US-Chaplain; 11th Regiment Maine Infantry (findagrave.com, Photo of his memorial plate in Oak Hill Cemetery, Brewer, Penobscot County, Maine; not mentioned in the Regimental Roster of the Regiment).

 

1.8.1838 - † 10.8.1867; Brother of Col Joshua L. *Chamberlain and of LtCol Thomas D. *Chamberlain; Delia F. Jarvis († 24.7. 1923; who married his brother Tom in 1870) (www.findagrave.com, acessed 16.11.2018).

 

Photo:

- Desjardin: Stand Firm, p. 14

 

Documents/Literature:

- Chamberlain, John C.: Journal; Pejepscot Historical Society, Brunswick/Maine

 

 

Chamberlain, Joshua L.:

US-MajGen; der berühmte Verteidiger des Little Round Top in Gettysburg (20th Maine Infantry); Chamberlain war Theologe (gra­duated Phi Beta Kappa from Bowdoin College und B. D. from Bangor Theological Seminary), wurde 1855 Professor für logische und natürliche Theologie am Bowdoin College, 1861 Professor für moderne Sprachen am Bowdoin College (er sprach 7 Fremdsprac­hen: Griechisch, Latein, Hebräisch, Arabisch, Syrisch, Französisch, Deutsch). Nach dem Krieg wurde Chamberlain viermal zum Gouverneur von Maine gewählt, und war ein Dutzend Jahre Präsident des Bowdoin College.

 

8.9.1828 Brewer/Penobscot County/Maine - † 24.2.1914 Portland/Maine; S. of Joshua Chamberlain and Sarah Dupee Brastow Chamberlain; ursprünglicher Name Lawrence Joshua Chamberlain; er änderter seinen Namen später in 'Joshua Lawrence'; Bruxder v. Thomas Davee Chamberlain and John Calhoun Chamberlain (wikipedia, Stichwort 'Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain', accessed 15.11.2018).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: Military Personal File, RG94, National Archives, Washington D.C.

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: Papers. Library of Congress, Washington, D. C.

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: Papers. Maine State Archives

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: Chamberlain Collection, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: „Do It! That's How,“ Bowdoin, 64 (Spring-Summer 1991), p. 12. The article is an excerpt from Chamberlain's unfinished and previously unpublished autobiography located in the Chamberlain Collection, Bowdoin College Libra­ry, Brunswick, Maine (LaFantasie: Josua Chamberlain and the American Dream; in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, p. 226n2)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: The Passing of the Armies: An Account of the Final Campaign of the Army of the Potomac, Ba­sed upon Personal Reminiscenses of the Fifth Army Corps (New York. G. P. Putnam's Sons edition, 1915)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence (ed. by Stan Clark): "Bayonet! Forward". My Civil War Reminiscenses. (Gettysburg: Stan Clark Military Books, 2nd Edition 1994); Anm.: der Editor Clark stellte diverse Artikel Chamberlain's zu­sammen, deren Erstveröffentli­chung auf S. 277 notiert ist

- Chamberlain, Joshua: Article „The Maine 20th ...“; in: The Maine Farmer 28.12.1865

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "My Story of Fredericksburg." Cosmopolitan Magazine, New York, 54 (December 1912), p. 148-159 (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, p. 1-15)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "Through Blood and Fire at Gettysburg," Hearst's Magazine, New York, June 1913 (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, p. 16-37)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "Reminiscenses of Petersburg and Appomattox." Bangor Daily Commercial, Bangor March 3, 1904; auch: War Papers. Read before the Commandery of the State of Maine, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Portland 1903 (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, p. 38-57)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "Military Operations on the White Oak Road." War Papers. Read before the Commandery of the State of Maine, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Portland 1897 (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! For­ward, p. 58-99)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "Five Forks." War Papers. Read before the Commandery of the State of Maine, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Portland 1902 (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, p. 100-141)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "Appomattox." Personal Recollections of the War of the Rebellion. Addresses Delivered before the Commandery of the State of New York, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. New York 1907 (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, p. 142-159)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "The Grand Review of the Army of the Potomac." War Papers. Read before the Commandery of the State of Maine, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Portland 1908 (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, p. 160-183)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "Dedication of the Maine Monuments at Gettysburg, Evening of October 3, 1889." Waldoboro, 1891 (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, p. 190-202)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: „General Chamberlain's Address“; in: Hamlin, Charles et al. (eds.): Maine at Gettysburg: Report of the Commissioners (Portland, Me.: Lakeside Pres, 1898), 546-59

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "Colonel Chamberlain's Report of the Battle of Gettysburg." War of the Rebellion: Official Re­cords (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, p. 203-209)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: Colonel Chamberlain's letter to Maine Governor Coburn describing the Battle of Gettysburg (ab­gedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, p. 210-212)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "General Chamberlain's Report of the White Oak Road and Five Fork Campaign." War of the Re­bellion: Official Records (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, p. 213-221)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "The Third Brigade at Appomattox." The Attack and Defense of Little Round Top. New York 1913 (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, p. 223-229)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "The Last Salute of the Army of Northern Virginia." Southern Historical Society Papers. Rich­mond, 1876-1919. Also, Boston Journal. May 1901 (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, p. 230-238)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "Address to the Sixteenth Maine Volunteers." Maine at Gettysburg, Portland, 1898 (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, p. 239-243)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "Oration of the Hundredth Anniversary of the Birth of Abraham Lincoln." War Papers. Read be­fore the Commandery of the State of Maine, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Portland 1915. Also, Comman­dery of the State of Pennsylvania, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Philadelphia 1909 (abgedruckt in: Chamber­lain: Bayonet! Forward, p. 100-141) (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, p. 244-261)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: Report of Colonel Josua L. Chamberlain, 6.7.1863; OR, ser. 1, vol. 27, pt. 1, 622-626. Anm.: Ac­tually this report, although dated just after the battle, was written by Chamberlain in 1884, after the editors of the OR informed him that his original report was missing from the War Records files, and asked him to supply a replacement. Chamberlain did so by trying to reconstruct his original report from memory (LaFantasie: Josua Chamberlain and the American Dream; in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, p. 227n12; Chamberlain to George B. Herenden, July 6, 1863 [ca. Mar. 15, 1884], Records of the War Records Office, Entry 729, „Union Battle Reports,“ RG 94, National Archives, Washington, DC). Another battle report by Chamberlain does exist, also dated July 6, 1863, and this one seems to be a copy of the original lost report (LaFantasie: Josua Chamberlain and the American Dream; in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, p. 227n12; Chamberlain to George B. Herenden, July 6, 1863, Maine State Archives, Augusta, Maine).

- Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: „How General Chamberlain ...“; In: Lewiston Journal, 25.5.1912

- **Desjardin, Thomas: Stand firm ye Boys from Maine. The 20th Maine at Gettysburg (Thomas Publications)

- **Desjardin, Thomas A.: Joshua L. Chamberlaine (Greystone), 95 pp; Maps; Color and Black & White Photos and Illustrations

- Harris, Boyd M.: Field Manual 22-100: Military Leadership (October 1983) (Washington: U.S. Department of the Army, 1983); zu Chamberlain p. 4-17, 56-62, 71-72, 82, 90-91, 121-27, 138-39, 149-49, 168-70, 174-75, 190-91, 265-66 ((LaFantasie: Josua Cham­berlain and the American Dream; in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, p. 52 iVm. 231n41)

- **LaFantasie, Glenn: Josua Chamberlain and the American Dream; in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, p. 31-55

- Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Maine: "In Memoriam Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain" (Portland, May 6, 1914); abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, p. 265 ff

- **Pullen. John J.: The Twentieth Maine (Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1957; reprint, Dayton, Ohio: Morningside, 1984); Nevins calls this "A model regimental history; the author drew largely from primary sources and presented his material in a style both dramatic and realistic".

- **Spear, Abbott and Ellis: The 20th Maine at Fredericksburg: The Conflicting Accounts of Gen. Josua L. Chamberlain and Gen. El­lis Spear (Union Publishing); Foreword by Tom Desjardin; 104 pp. Spear raised many of the units that came from Maine; he held a dif­ferent view of war and held with distain the glory told in the memoirs of most veterans. He took issue with Chamberlain's "My Story of Fredericksburg" and wrote his own "My Story of Fredericksburg and Comments Thereon...", later known as the "Comments". A Captain during the battle, he took issue with what he saw as Chamberlain and others "...boasting or misrepresentation of their own services." Both stories are reprinted with commentary and additional details on the 20th Maine at Fredericksburg; Pho­tos; Maps

- **Trulock, Alice Rains: In the Hands of Providence: Josua L. Chamberlain and the American Civil War (Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 1992)

- **Wallace, William M.: Soul of the Lion: A Biography of Josua L. Chamberlain (New York: Nelson, 1960)

- Wittenberg, Eric J.: „The Fighting Professor: Josua Lawrence Chamberlain,“ Civil War, 10 (July-Aug. 1992): 8-14

 

 

Chamberlain, J. W.:

US-Major

 

Documents/Literature:

- Chamberlain, J. W.: Scenes in Libby Prison - Brevet Major J. W. Chamberlain

 

 

Chamberlain, Samuel E.:

US-LtCol; Co. F&S, 1st Regiment Massachusetts Cavalry; at first Captain; Co. B, 1st Regiment Massachusetts Cavalry (National Park Sol­diers M544 Roll 7; Priest: South Mountain, p. 8). Chamberlain and his squadron of 47 men were captured and paroled at dawn on 6.9.1862 near Poo­lesville/Maryland by the 5th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (Priest: South Mountain, p. 8, 15).

 

During the Chancellorsville Campaign Spring 1863 Major Chamberlain was chief of staff 2nd Division BrigGen William W. Averell, Cavalry Corps BrigGen Stoneman, Army of the Potomac (Sears: Chancellorsville, p. 85). Major Chamberlain led the 4th New Cavalry troopers of the advance party in charges in the river, and twice they broke and scrambled back under the enemy's fire (Captain William A. *Moss, 4th Virginia Cavalry). Chamberlain's horse was three times wounded and he himself was shot in the face. Undaunted, he next collected a party of 1sr Rhode Island Cavalry for a third charge, but with no better result Chamberlain's horse was mortually hit and he was knocked out of the saddle with a bullet through his cheek into his neck (Sears: Chancellorsville, p. 85).

 

 

Chamberlain, Samuel Oscar:

US-First Sergeant; Co. E, 49th Regiment Ohio Infantry (National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 18).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Chamberlain, Dick and Judy: Civil War Letters of an Ohio Soldier: S. O. Chamberlain and the 49th Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Flour­noy, Calif., 1990)

 

 

Chamberlain, Thomas D.:

US-LtCol; Co. I, D & G, 20th Regiment Maine Infantry (National Park Soldiers M543 Roll 4); mustered in as Sergeant (National Park Soldiers M543 Roll 4; Desjardin: Stand Firm, p. 4).

 

Brother of Col. Josua Chamberlain

 

Photo:

- Desjardin: Stand Firm, p. 15 (Lt. Tom Chamberlain)

 

Documents/Literature:

- Fogler Library Special Collections, University of Maine, Orono/Maine: Chamberlain Family Papers, darin Letters of Thomas D. Chamberlain

 

 

Chamberlaine, William W.:

CS-Lt / Captain; Lt Adjutant von Col R. Lindsay *Walker, dem Artillerie-Chef des III AK, auch als Captain bezeichnet (Pfanz: Get­tysburg, p. 353; Pfanz: Gettysburg, p. 415)

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Chamberlaine, William W.: Memoirs of the Civil War (Washington / DC: Press of Byron S. Adams, 1912)

 

 

Chamberlayne, Francis W.:

CS-Captain; Co. I, 4th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10).

 

Chamberlayne gehörte im Juli 1861 als 2ndLt zum Stab von BrigGen Ewell; am 17.7.1861 war die Brigade in Verteidigungslinie am Südufer des Bull Run bei Union Mills Ford eingesetzt. Auf Befehl von BrigGen Ewell machte Chamberlayne mit 20 Soldaten eine Aufklä­rung nach Norden um das Vorrücken und die Position der US-Truppen festzustellen (Davis: Battle of Bull Run, p. 110).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Chamberlayne, Francis W. (Captain; Co. I, 4th Regiment Virginia Cavalry): Memoir von 1900; in: Chamberlayne Family Papers, Virginia Historical Society, Richmond / Virginia

 

 

Chamberlayne, John Hampden "Ham":

CS-Captain; Co. C, 13th Battalion Virginia Light Artillery (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10). Chamberlayne first was Sergeant in Loring's Army of the Northwest; Teilnahme an Stonewall Jackson Expedition nach Bath and Romney im Januar 1862 (Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, S. 64), Cayce's Company Virginia Light Artillery (Purcell Battery) (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10).

 

Lt. John H. Chamberlayne was captured near Dunkard Church (s. Antietam), End of June 1863 during the Gettysburg Campaign, while he was ordered gathering supplies; Chamberlayne became prisoner at Fort Delaware and at Johnson's Island (Pfanz: Gettysburg First Day, p. 16; Chamberlayne: Ham Chamberlayne, p. 191-92).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Chamberlayne, C. G. (ed.): Ham Chamberlayne, Virginian: Letters and Papers of an Artillery Officer in the War for Southern In­dependence (Richmond: Dietz Printing Co, 1932). Nevins calls this "An exceptionally revealing collection of papers by a young Vir­ginia aristocrat who served long and faithfully in a Richmond artillery battery.

 

 

Chamberlin, George E.:

US-LtCol; 1862 zunächst Captain Co. C, 11th Vermont Infantry Regiment (=1st Regiment Vermont Heavy Artillery); promoted Ma­jor 28.8.1862 (Ledoux: „Quite ready to be sent somewhere“. The Civil War Letters of Aldace Freeman Walker, p. 19 Let­ter from 28.8.1862). 30.6.1838 Lyndon/Vermont, 21.8.1864 mortally wounded im Skirmish am Opequon Creek bei Charles Town /VA, † 22.8.1864 Hospital Sandy Hook /Md.

 

Born in Lyndon/Vermont. Son of Hon. Ephraim Chamberlin. His father, with his family, moved to St. Johnsbury eight or ten years before the war commenced. At the time of entering the service George E. was twenty-four years of age. Enlisted July 26, 1862. Mus­tered into United States service September 1, 1862. Commissioned Captain of Co. A, 11th Regiment, August 12, 1862, and Major August 26, 1862, and Lieutenant Colonel June 28, 1864. Died in Hospital at Sandy Hook, Va., August 22, 1864, from a wound recei­ved the day before while leading a heavy skirmish line near Charles Town, Virginia. At the time Colonel Chamberlin was wounded he was on horseback advancing toward the enemy. He was hit in the abdomen by a musket ball, and fell from his horse, expressing the conviction he felt that the wound was mortal. His body was brought home in the course of a few days, and funeral services took place on the Sabbath at the North Church. A sermon, in the absence of the pastor of the church, was preached by Rev. E. B. Webb of Boston. The attendance of sympathizing friends was large. His body, after service, was interred in the St. Johnsbury Cemetery, in lot No. 263. A year thereafter, a monument appropriately emblematizing the cause for which a precious life had been given, was erected upon the lot at the head of the grave. Colonel Chamberlin was present with his Regiment every day after it evacuated the defences of Washington, until his death, and actively participated in all its conflicts with the enemy. In action, he was cool, steadfast and brave. If, in discipline, he was apparently severe, it was because he was ambitious that his Regiment should excel, and render to the country the best possible service. It did so, while he was with it, and to the close of the war (http://vermontcivilwar.org/units/11/ obits.­php?in­put=1085).

 

Col. Chamberlin fitted for College at the St. Johnsbury Academy, and entering Dartmouth College, he graduated with distinction in 1860. Proposing to enter the profession of the law, he spent some time at the law school in Harvard University, leaving this school in the summer of 1862. In the early part of the war he was in St. Louis, Mo., and witnessed the efforts of the rebels there to capture the city, and turn over the State to the side of the rebellion. He there came to the conclusion that his service, and life, if it need by, belon­ged to his country. He returned to St. Johnsbury, and earnestly entered upon the work of recruiting a Company for service in the Army. The Company was filled in about ten days. Having received the election of Captain he proceeded with it to Brattleboro where it was mustered into the United States service as Company A, 11th Regiment. In September, 1862, the Regiment reached Washington, and was assigned to duty in the defences of the Capital, occupying, at first, Fort Lincoln, and subsequently, Fort Totten, where Major Chamberlin was in command (http://vermontcivilwar.org/units/11/ obits.php?input=1085).

 

On the 12th of May, 1864, the Regiment was ordered to join the army of the Potomac, which, with fearful losses, had just passed through the Wilderness. The 11th arrived the 15th, in season to share in the later obstinate conflicts which took place at Spotsylvania. On the 18th the 11th led a charge of the Vermont Brigade, and though it was the first action in which it engaged the enemy, it perfor­med the duty with the coolness and valor of Veterans. At this time the regiment was sixteen hundred strong -- with more men on duty than could be counted in the thinned ranks of the old Brigade. It was here attached to, and became part of the Vermont Brigade (http://vermontcivilwar.org/units/11/ obits.php?input=1085).

 

Photo:

Col. George E. Chamberlin ( Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C)

 

Documents/Literature:

- Albert G. Chadwick, compiler, Soldiers Record of the Town of St. Johnsbury, Vermont, in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-5,(C. M. Stone & Co., St. Johnsbury, VT., 1883), pp. 40-42

-  Letters of George E. Chamberlin, who Fell in the Service of His Country Near Charles Town, (W)Va., August 21st, 1864, By Geor­ge Ephraim Chamberlin, Mrs. Caroline (Chamberlin) Lutz, published by H. W. Rokker, 1883 (393 pages); held at Rauner Library, Dartmouth College, Call No. B C35555l.

 

 

Chamberlin, John Newton:

US-Captain,

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Bisbee, John [ed.]: Captaining the Corps d'Afrique. The Civil War Letters of [Captain] John Newton Chamberlin (McFarland & Company: Jefferson / North Carolina, 2016)

 

 

Chamberlin, Thomas:

US-LtCol; Major, Co F&S, 150th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 19; originally filed under 'Chamberlain'); LtCol (Martin: Gettysburg July 1, p. 345); at first Captain, Co. C, 5th Regiment Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry (34th Volunteers) (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 19).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Chamberlin, Thomas (LtCol 150th Pennsylvania Infantry, Bucktails Brigade): History of the 150th Regiment Pennsylvania Volun­teers, Bucktail Brigade (F. McManus, Jr. and Company: Philadelphia 1905); Revised and Enlarged edition with Complete Roster. Ne­vins says of this "A very readible narrative based on several diaries; the best section covers the 1864-1865 campaigns." (PDF-Datei available)

 

 

Chamberlin, William H.:

US-Captain; 81st Ohio Infantry. Teilnahme am Battle of Resaca am 14./15.5.1864. Chamberlin kommandierte die Truppen, die den US-Brückenkopf bei Lay's Ferry am Oostenaula südwestlich von Resaca bildeten (Castel: Decision in the West, p. 162).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Chamberlin, William H.: History of the Eighty-first Regiment Ohio Infantry Volunteers, During the War of the Rebellion (Cincin­nati, 1865)

- **Chamberlin William H.: „The 81st Ohio at Shiloh“ (Shiloh National Military Park, Shiloh / Tennessee, 81st Ohio File)

- **Chamberlin, William H.: “Hood’s Second Sorte at Atlanta”; in: B & L, vol. IV, 326-31

- **Chamberlin, William H.: “Recollections of the Battle of Atlanta”; in: The Atlanta Papers, comp. Sidney C. Kerksis, S. 451-63 (Day­ton: Press of the Morningside Bookshop, 1980)

- **Chamberlin, William H.: “The Skirmish Line in the Atlanta Campaign”; in: The Atlanta Papers, comp. Sidney C. Kerksis, S. 311-326 (Dayton: Press of the Morningside Bookshop, 1980)

 

 

Chambers, Alexander:

US-++General; 1862 war Chambers Col 16th Iowa Infantry. Im Battle of Shiloh am 6.4.1862 gehörte das Regiment unter Col Alex­ander Chambers zur 6th Division BrigGen Benjamin M. *Prentiss und war not brigaded (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 320; nicht aufgeführt bei Grant: Opposing Forces , S. 538). Das Regiment traf am Abend des 4.4.1862 in Pittsburg Landing ein (Da­niel: Shiloh, p. 106) und wartete seitdem in Pittsburg Landing auf seinen Einsatz gewartet. Grant setzte unmittelbar bei sei­nem Eintreffen in Pittsburg Landing am 6.4.1862 gegen 9:00 das Regiment auf den Höhen bei Pittsburg Landing neben der 15th Iowa Infantry ein, um das Durchbrechen von Stragglers nach der Landing zu unterbinden (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 175). Das neu auf­gestellte und völlig unerfahrene Regiment wur­de gegen 11:00 neben der 15th Iowa Infantry bei Jones Field gegen den CS-Durch­bruch an rechten US-Flügel zur Unterstützung von McClernand’s Division eingesetzt (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 186 mit Karte S. 187). Zusammen mit der 15th Iowa Infantry übernahm das Regiment gegen die angreifende 1st Brigade Col Robert M. Russel I. 1st Division BrigGen Charles Clark Army Corps MajGen Leonidas Polk; beide Regimenter mußten sich schließlich unter schweren Ver­lusten auf die Nordseite von Jones Field zurückziehen (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 186). Chambers wurde im Battle of Shiloh ver­wundet (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 186).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Lloyd, Frederick: "General Alexander Chambers." Iowa Historical Record, vol. IX (1893)

 

 

Chambers, Henry A.:

CS-Captain; Co. C, 49th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 7); prior Pvt, Co. C, 4th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 7).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Chambers, Henry A.: Diary of Captain Henry A. Chambers; ed. T. H. Pearce (Wendell, NC: Broatfoot Bookmark, 1983)

 

 

Chambers, John G.:

US-1stLt/Adjutant; Co. F&S, zuvor Co.E, 5th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (3 months, 1861) (Militia) (National Park Soldiers M54 Roll 7). Im Battle of 1sr Bull Run war neben dem 5th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry das 11th Regiment Massachusetts In­fantry eingesetzt. Bei Feuereröffnung hielt dieses Regiment keine Feuerdisziplin und schoß nicht kompanieweise im Wechsel (je­weils eine Kompanie in der Feuerlinie), sondern 'en masse', wodurch viele eigene Soldaten getroffen wurden. Um die Disziplin im 11th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry wieder herzustellen, schritt u.a. Lt Chambers vom 5th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry ein, wodurch es gelang die Disziplin wieder herzustellen (Bennett: Musket and Sword, p.17).

 

 

Chambers, Milton P.:

US-Pvt; Co I 29th Iowa Infantry. Chambers war eingesetzt in Helena (Phillips County), and Little Rock (Pulaski County). Chambers describes the routine of camp life at the two cities, the morale of the troops, and the activities of the enemy. One letter, dated May 7, 1864, vividly describes Milton's experiences during the Camden Expedition and includes mention of battles at Elkin's Ford (Nevada County), Prairie D'Ane (Nevada County), and Jenkins' Ferry (Grant County), and the participation of black Union troops

 

Documents/Literature:

- Chambers, Milton P.: Papers, 1863-1864; 15 items. Personal correspondence from Private Milton P. Chambers, Company I, Twenty-ninth Iowa Infantry, to his brother Armory K. Chambers in Glenwood, Iowa. The first three letters were written from Helena (Phillips County), and the balance from Little Rock (Pulaski County). Chambers describes the routine of camp life at the two cities, the morale of the troops, and the activities of the enemy. One letter, dated May 7, 1864, vividly describes Milton's experiences during the Cam­den Expedition and includes mention of battles at Elkin's Ford (Nevada County), Prairie D'Ane (Nevada County), and Jenkins' Ferry (Grant County), and the participation of black Union troops (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Chambers, William Pitt:

CS-First Sergeant, Co. B, 46th Regiment Mississippi Infantry (National Park Soldiers M232 Roll 7).

 

CS-Captain; nach aus Enterprise / Mississippi; Schullehrer; 46th Mississippi Infantry; eingesetzt Anfang Februar 1864 im Rahmen von Sear's Brigade gegen Sherman's Meridian Campaign (Castel: Decision in the West, p. 48).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Chambers, William Pitt: "My Journal". Publications of the Mississippi Historical Society 5 (1925), S. 221-235

- **Chambers, William Pitt: Blood and Sacrifice: The Civil War Journal of a Confederate Soldier (Huntington, WV: Blue Acorn, 1997); ed. Richard A. Baumgartner

 

 

Chamblee, Lewis:

CS-Pvt; Co. C, 29th Regiment Alabama Infantry (National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 8).

 

 

Chambliss, John R, Jr.:

CS-BrigGen; 1.7.1861 Col, Co. F&S, 41st Regiment Virginia Infantry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10; Henderson: 41st Virginia Infantry, p. 5); July 1862 Col Co. F&S, 13th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10).

 

1833 - † kia 1864; USMA 1853 (31/52); Artillery. Resigning the next year, he became a Virginia planter and served as a militia Ma­jor, and ADC to the Governor 1856-61. He was later Col and commissioned the same rank in the 13th VA Cavalry (remark: Boatner: Dictionary, p. 136 gives „July 1861, which is wrong, s. above). In July 1862 he was on duty in southeast Virginia, and the following Oct. served under G. W. Smith along the Rappahannock. In Nov. 1862 he was in W. H. F. Lee's cavalry brigade and commanded his regiment at Fredericksburg. He commanded the 13th VA Virginia Cavalry at Chancellorsville (remark: Boatner: Dictionary, p. 136 gi­ves mistakenly the 5th VA Cavalry; correct ist the 13th Cavalry, s. B&L III, 152) and succeeded „Rooney“ Lee 9.6.1863 as brigade commander. He led gthese troops at Aldie, Middleburg, Gettysburg and Bristoe (Oct. 1863). Appointed BrigGen 19.12.1863, he com­manded a brigade in the Wilderness Campaign and the battles around Petersburg. † kia 16.8.1864 at Deep Bottom (Boatner: Dictio­nary, p. 136).

 

Stubenkamerad Schofield's in Westpoint (Schofield, Forty-Six Years, p. 3)

 

 

Champion, +++

CS-+++; im Frühjahr 1861 Lieutenant in der Missouri Miliz (Duke: War Reminiscenses, p. 52).

 

 

Champion, Sidney:

CS-Captain; 28th Mississippi Cavalry (Castel: Decision in the West, p. 264)

 

Documents/Literature:

- Champion, Sidney: Letters (Robert W. Woodruff Library, Special Collections Department, Emory University, Decatur / Georgia)

 

 

Champion, Thomas Emmet:

US-BrigGen; † 1873; aus New York; Col 96th Illinois Infantry; ab 8.6.1863 Brigadekommandeur 1st Brigade Champion / 1st Divisi­on BrigGen Absalom *Baird / Reserve Corps BrigGen Gordon *Granger / Army of the Cumberland; die Brigade war im Rahmen der Chattanooga Campaign ab 3.9.1863 in Estill Springs / Tennessee bei Murfreesboro eingesetzt, marschierte von dort am 10.9.1863 nach Bridgeport und von dort nach Chattanooga. Teilnahme am Battle of Chickamauga am 20.9.1863 (Welcher / Ligget: Co­burn's Brigade, p. 133). BrigGen 20.2.1865 (Boatner, p. 136; Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, p. 107).

 

Photo:

- Partridge, Charles A.: History of the Ninety-sixth Regiment Ill. Vol. Inf. (Chicago: Brown, Pettibone Co., 1887) (Archiv Ref ameri­kanischer Bürgerkrieg download Illiois96thInfantry), S. 15

 

 

Chancellor, Henry, Jr.:

US-1stLt; Co. B, 150th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 19; Martin: Gettysburg, July1, p. 345-346).

 

 

Chancellor, NN.:

 

Literature:

- **Happel, Ralph: „The Chancellors of Chancellorsville.“ Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 71:3 (July 1963), pp. 259-77

 

 

Chandler, Henry L.:

CS-Pvt; Co G, 3rd Regiment Arkansas Infantry; one letter from Private Henry L. Chandler, Company G, Third Arkansas Infantry, da­ted Februa­ry 9, 1862, Winchester, Virginia. Chandler's letter describes a fight near Bath (Anm. Gefecht von Bath 4.1.1862; Worsham, John H.: "One of Jackson's Foot Cavalry; , S. 43/44), Virginia, and the burning of a bridge spanning the Potomac River.

 

Documents/Literature:

- Osborne, Molsie A. R.: Papers, 1855-1890s; enthält Briefe von Pvt Henry L. *Chandler; Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manus­cript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990

 

 

Chandler, Harrison T.:

US-Quartermaster Sergeant; Co. F&S, 114th Regiment Illinois Infantry; zunächst Pvt, Co. A, 114th Regiment Illinois Infantry; zu­nächst Pvt, Co. A (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 15; Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, p. 406).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Chandler, Harrison T.: "Civil War Diary of Harrison Chandler, 22.6.1864-1.1.1865, Section V". Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield

 

 

Chandler, Joseph:

US-Captain, Co. B&H, 75th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 19).

 

Captain Joseph Chandler’s Company H, 75th Pennsylvania Infantry contained seventy officers and men, all but seven of whom were foreign born. One-third of Chandler’s company emigrated from the province of Wurtemburg, while another third came from Bavaria and Baden (Timothy J. Orr: “Calling Urban Men to Arms: Northern Cities Mobilize to Fight the Civil War”, Report to the Pennsylvan­ia Historical and Museum Commission Scholars-In-Residence Program June 19-July 1, 2006, n.p.; Archiv Ref Amerika­nischer Bürgerkrieg Nr. 6).

 

 

Chandler, Thomas.:

 

Documents/Literature:

- Chandler, Thomas: Civil War Diary (Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield / Illinois)

 

 

Chandler, William Lantham:

US-Captain; Co A 1st Massachusetts Infantry; später Aide-de-Camp in Hooker's Stab

 

Documents/Literature:

- Chandler, William Lantham: Letters, 1861-63. 14 items. Officer in Company A of the 1st Massachusetts Regiment, Army of the Po­tomac, from Brooklyn, Massachusetts. Enlisted on May 25, 1861, as a 1st Lieutenant and promoted to Captain and Aide-de-Camp, U.S. Volunteers, when he served on General Joseph Hooker's staff from November 1862 until his resignation from service in May 1863. Collection consists of fourteen letters written by Candler to his uncle Charles (last name unknown) or his brother John W. Candler of Boston, dated from between September 8, 1861, to February 15, 1863. The letters are articulate and descriptive, replete with Candler's strong opinions about the state of the Union, the abilities of the generals (Union and Confederate) who were running the war and the politicians were running the country, and his own ambitions for advancing in rank and status in the army. Writes des­criptively about the Army of the Potomac's participation in the Battle of Mechanicsville (June 1962) and the Battle of Fredericksburg (December 1862). Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide - Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 97-007).

 

 

Chandler, Zachariah:

US-Senator aus Michigan 1857-75, Leader der Radical Republicans und bitterer Feind von George McClellan. Mitglied des wichti­gen Senatsausschusses "Committee on the Conduct of the War".

 

Secretary of War (seit 1862) Stanton unterstützte den radikalen Flügel der Republikaner, deren Ziel es war (insb. die Senatoren *Chandler und Lyman *Trumbull), den Krieg erst zu beenden, wenn die Nation zur Abschaffung der Sklaverei bereit war, und solan­ge eine Politik der Kriegsverlängerung betrieben (Eisenschiml: The Celebrated Case of John-Fitz Porter, p. 30; dort abge­druckt die Erklärung von Chandler und Trumbull: "The great aim is to abolish slavery. To end the war before nation ready for that would be a failure. The war must be prolonged, and conducted so as to achieve that.")

 

Documents/Literature:

- Chandler, Zachariah: Life (The Detroit Post and Tribune, 1880)

 

 

Chapin, Leander J.:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 16th Regiment Connecticut Infantry (National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 3).

 

Im Roster der 16th Regiment Connecticut Infantry he is mentioned as (Scott W. Holmes, 16th Connecticut Regimental Historian for the Civil War Plymouth Pilgrims Descendants Society, Internetdatei, Abruf v. 4.4.2018): Chapin, Leander; Private, Company A; Resi­dence, East Windsor, Connecticut; Enlisted July 25, 1862; Mustered August 24, 1862; Captured at Plymouth, NC, April 20, 1864; Died in prison, Andersonville, GA, July 21, 1864.

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Chapin, Leander: Papers, Connecticut Historical Society, Hartfort, Conn.

 

 

Chapin, Lewis N.:

s. Louis N. *Chapin

 

 

Chapin, Louis N.:

US-2ndLt; Co. K. 34th Regiment New York Infantry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 24; named as 'Lewis N. Chapin').

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Chapin, L. N. (Lt, 34th NYSV): A Brief History of the Thirty-Fourth Regiment N.Y.S.V (Galpin CWRT 1998); Reprint of Scarce 1902 Original with new information; Photos; Rosters

 

 

Chapman, Frank:

US-Journalist; New York Herald; Chapman verbreitete nach Grant's Sieg bei Fort Donelson das unzutreffende Gerücht, Grant sei so betrunken gewesen, daß man ihm vor der Schlacht habe aufs Pferd helfen müssen (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 51; vgl hierzu auch Andrews: The north Reports the Civil War, p. 168, 679n80).

 

 

Chapman, George D.:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 5th Regiment Connecticut Infantry Infantry; er trat als Major in das Regiment ein (National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 3); im Battle of Cedar Mountain verwundet und gefangengenommen (Battles and Leaders, vol. II, S. 495)

 

 

Chapman, George H.:

US-MajGen; 1832-82; aus Massachusetts; Midshipsman während des Mexikokrieges; er trat aus der US-Army 1851 aus; anschlie­ßend Rechtsanwalt und Republican Politiker; Major 3rd Indiana Cavalry 2.11.1861; Col Judson H. *Kilpatrick unternimmt mit Abtei­lungen seines 2nd New York Cavalry Regiments (Harris Light Cavalry), der 3rd Indiana Cavalry unter George H. Chapman und der 14th Brooklyn Cavalry (Division BrigGen Rufus King, McDowell's Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia) von Fredericksburg (Stackpole: From Cedar Mountain, p. 28) aus einen Vorstoß gegen ein Camp der CS-Truppen, welches bei Carmel Church vermutet wur­de; dort legte er einen Hinterhalt, verfolgt angreifende Rebellen bis kurz vor Hanover Junction, wo er das CS-Camp zerstört und wird schließlich von über­legenen Kräften unter Jeb Stuart vertrieben (Kilpatrick's Report: OR 12 [2} S. 102-103; King's Report: OR 12 [2] S. 102; Mosocco: Chronological Tracking of the Civil War, p. 77).

 

Chapman was promoted to lieutenant colonel on October 25, 1862. He fought at the Second Battle of Bull Run in August, the Battle of Antietam in September, and the Battle of Fredericksburg in December. On March 12, 1863, Chapman was promoted to colonel, and that May he participated in the Battle of Chancellorsville. Returning to the cavalry service, Chapman led his regiment during the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863(aus https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Henry_Chapman).

 

Im Sommer 1863 Regimentskommandeur 12th Illi­nois Cavalry 1st Caval­ry Brigade Col William *Gamble 1st Cavalry Division BrigGen John Buford Army of the Potomac (Mar­tin: Gettysburg, p. 39; Pfanz: Gettysburg, p. 454).

 

Chapman befehligte am 1.7.1863 Teile der Verteidigungslinie der Cavalry Brigade Gamble bei McPherson's Ridge bestehend aus 12th Illinois Cavalry und 3rd Indiana Cavalry (Martin: Gettysburg, p. 74) bzw. Colonel George Chapman led the two of the 12th Illi­nois Cavalry and 3rd Indiana Cavalry, Gamble's Cavalry Brigade at the northern end of General Buford's picket line at Herr Ridge (westlich vor McPherson's Ridge (Newton: McPherson's Ridge, p. 19).

 

In Gettysburg his command was part of Col. Thomas C. Devin's brigade, and was noted as the first Uni­on soldiers to enga­ge Confederate forces approaching Gettysburg via the Cashtown road. Shortly after the battle, Chapman was given brigade command in the cavalry of the Army of the Potomac until March 1864. Chapman participated in the Valley Campaigns of 1864 against Confe­derate Lt. Gen. Jubal Early's forces, lasting from May to October. He was promoted to the rank of brigadier gene­ral on July 21. Chap­man led a cavalry brigade in the Union Army of the Shenandoah from August 6 until September 19, when he was wounded during the Third Battle of Winchester. Recovered by the following month, Chapman resumed leading a cavalry bri­gade in the Shenandoah Valley. Beginning on January 5, 1865, Chapman led a cavalry division of the Army of the Shenandoah. After the Battle of Waynesbo­ro, Virginia on March 2, he was ordered to remain in the Shenandoah Valley while the rest of the Union forces headed for Petersburg, Virginia. Chapman had with him now three small regiments and a few artillery pieces to hold the Valley. Near the end of the war he was brevetted to major general in the Union Army on March 13, in recognition of his performance at Winches­ter in September 1864. Beginning on April 19, 1865, he was given command of the cavalry division assigned to Washington, D.C. (aus https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ge­orge_Henry_Chapman).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Chapman, George H. (MajGen): Diaries, 1862-63. Indiana Historical Society. Indianapolis / Indiana

 

 

Chapman, Horatio Dana:

US-Corporal; Co. C, 20th Regiment Connecticut Infantry (National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 3); aus Connecticut (Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, p. 14 iVm. S. 225n28).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Chapman, Horatio Dana (Corporal; Co. C, 20th Regiment Connecticut Infantry): Diary; Copy in Brake Collection, USMHI

 

 

Chapman, John G. (auch C.):

US-Captain, Co. G, 7th Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry Regiment (later 36th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment) (National Park Sol­diers M554 Roll 19).

 

Wird als „John G. Chapman“ genannt (Timothy J. Orr: “Calling Urban Men to Arms: Northern Cities Mobilize to Fight the Civil War”, Report to the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission Scholars-In-Residence Program June 19-July 1, 2006), bzw. „John C. Chapman“ (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 19).

 

At muster-in, Captain John G. Chapman’s “2nd Company, Philadelphia Guards” (later re-designated Company G, 7th Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry) consisted of eightyone officers and enlisted men (Timothy J. Orr: “Calling Urban Men to Arms: Northern Ci­ties Mobilize to Fight the Civil War”, Report to the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission Scholars-In-Residence Pro­gram June 19-July 1, 2006, n.p.; Archiv Ref Amerikanischer Bürgerkrieg Nr. 6).

 

 

Chapman, O. B.:

US-2ndLt; 1863 war Chapman Kompaniechef Co E 6th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry; gefallen am 1.7.1863 in Gettysburg beim Bloody Rail­road Cut (Dawes: Full Blown Yankee, p. 168).

 

 

 

 

 

Chapman, William B.:

US-Lt; Batteriechef 2nd Independent Battery Ohio Light Artillery. Die Einheit gehörte während der Pea Ridge Campaign vom Früh­jahr 1862 zu BrigGen Alexander S. *Asboth's 2nd Division von BrigGen Samuel R. *Curtis Army of the Southwest (Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, p. 332).

 

 

Charlton, Brothers:

CS-Pvt's; aus Christiansburg, Virginia, family. Four members were in Company G, 4th Virginia Infantry ("Montgomery Fencibles," part of the "Stonewall Brigade").

 

Documents/Literature:

- Charlton Family: Papers, 1861-1902. Christiansburg, Virginia, family. Four members were in Company G, 4th Virginia Infantry ("Montgomery Fencibles," part of the "Stonewall Brigade"). Papers include thirty-five (1861-64) items of correspondence among the family members, company muster rolls, and genealogical information. Transcripts available. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 80-001).

 

 

Chase, Dudley H.:

US-Captain; Burbank's Brigade; Teilnahme am Battle of Gettysburg (Pfanz: Gettysburg Second Day, p. 297).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Chase, Dudley H.: "Gettysburg." Military of the Loyal Legion of the United States, Indiana Commandary, War Papers I (1989): 293-309

 

 

Chase, Kate:

Tochter von US-Finanzminister Chase; sie war eine außergewöhnliche Schönheit (Schurz, Reminiscenses, vol. 2, S. 169). Verheiratet seit 1863 mit William *Sprague (US-Industrieller und Politiker; Rhode Island Cotton Manufacturer; Governor von Rhode Island 1860-63; republikanischer US-Senator 1863-75).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Ross, Ishbel: "Proud Kate": Portrait of an Ambitious Woman (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1953)

 

 

Chase, Salmon Portland:

1808 Cornish / NH - 1873; Anwalt in Ohio, 1849 US-Senator; Free Soil Demokrat, entwickelte sich schnell zu einem der führenden Gegner der Sklaverei, Führer der Mehrheit auf dem Parteikongreß der Demokraten gegen die *Barnburners; Chase strebte bei den Präsidentschaftswahlen 1849 eine Koalition mit Sklavereigegnern über die Parteigrenzen hinweg an, um die Wahl von Zachary *Tay­lor zum Präsidenten zu verhindern. Als gewiefter Anwalt, der auch entlaufene Sklaven verteidigt hatte, verband Chase religiöse Über­zeugung und Humorlosigkeit mit unstillbarem Ehrgeiz und politischem Weitblick (McPherson: Für die Freiheit sterben, p. 54). Um 1860 war Chase Governor von Ohio (Schurz, Reminiscenses, vol. 2, S. 169). Carl *Schurz charakterisiert in seinem 'Reminiscenses Chase als einen der stattlichsten Personen im US-Senat, der sich durch eine klare, schnörkellose Rede- und Argumentationsweise auszeichnete (Schurz, Reminiscenses, vol. 2, S. 34). Gouverneur von Ohio (1856-60), erst Mitglied der Demokratischen, dann Mit­glied der neugegründeten Republikanischen Partei, später wieder Demokrat; Chase bewarb sich als Präsidentschaftskandidat der Re­publikanischen Partei für die Wahlen von 1856, unterlag aber dem politisch weithin unbekannten John Charles Frémont; erneute Be­werbung für die Wahlen von 1860, Chase verzichtete dann aber zugunsten des moderateren Lin­coln; Wiederwahl in den US-Senat; ab März 1861 US-Finanzminister in Lincoln's Kabinett. Chase unterstützte Gen Pope gegen Mc­Clellan und trat zusammen mit Kriegs­minister Stanton Ende August 1862 für die Ablösung McClellan's ein (Chase: Diary, Ein­trag vom 29.8.1862, p. 116; Sears: Landsca­pe Turned Red, p. 8; Sears: Controversies & Commanders, p. 77ff., 83).

 

Chase, a former Free Soiler and radical antislavery man, was chosen to head the treasury, not because of his financial acumen but for his political influence. Emergencies brought out the best in Chase, and he became the right man to support such experiments in public funding as an income tax, „greenback“ currency, a national banking system, and wide use of loans and bonding. He shrewdly brought Jay Cooke's banking into the loanselling business, and the Union, which had nearly suffered monetary collapse, became soundly fun­ded as the economy shifted into high gear. The gross national product not only sustained the huge war effort, it also effected west­ward expansion (Vandiver: 1001 Things, p. 14-15).

 

Chase versuchte den Präsidenten bei der Wahl von 1864 von der Kandidatur abzubringen; Rücktritt als Finanzminister am 30.6.1864 (Welles, Diary II 62); Welles kritisierte die Finanzpolitik von Chase heftig (Welles Diary II 59, 61) und hielt Chase für über­mäßig ehrgeizig und selbstsüchtig (ebd. II 121); 1864 von Lincoln zum Präsidenten des Supreme Court ernannt (1864-1873).

 

Photo:

- Schurz, Reminiscenses, vol. 2, S. 170 (Senator Chase 1854)

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Chase, Salmon Portland (Donald, David [ed.]): Inside Lincoln's Cabinet. The Civil War Diaries of Salmon P. Chase (Longmans, Green & Co.: New York, 1954, reprint 1970); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik70. Das Tagebuch deckt die Zeit ab 9.12.1861-++++ ab

- **Chase, Salmon P.: Papers. Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia / Pennsylvania

- **Chase, Salmon P.: „Diary and Correspondence of Salmon P. Chase,“ Annual Report of the American Historical Association, 1902. Washington Government Printing Office, 1903

- Hart, Albert Bushnell: Salmon Portland Chase (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1899)

- Luthin, Reinhard H.: "Salmon P. Chase's Political Career Before the Civil War," Mississippi Valley Historical Review, XXIX (1842-43), 526-7

- Nevin, John: Salmon P. Chase: A Biography (New York, 1995)

- Schuckers, Jakob W.: The Life and Public Services of Salmon Portland Chase (New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1874)

- Smith, Donnal Vore: Chase and Civil War Politics (Columbus, 1931)

- Warden, Robert Bruce: An Account of the Private Life and Public Services of Salmon Portland Chase (Cincinnati: Wilstach, Bald­win & Co., 1874)

- Wilgus, A. Curtis: "Some London Times' Comments on Secretary Chase' Financial Administration, 1861-1864," Mississippi Valley Historical Review, XXVI (1939-40), 158

 

 

Chatfield, Henry Whitney:

US-Lt und Adjutant, Co. F&S, 17th Regiment Connecticut Infantry (National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 3); Chatfield was conspi­cuous at Chancellorsville, where he helped to rally the remnants of his regiment. Promoted to Adjutant, Chatfield was killed at Dunn's Lake, Florida on February 5, 1865 as he tried to fight his way out of a Confederate ambush. His grief stricken parents brought his body home for burial in Bridgeport (http://www.seventeenthcvi.org/images_fs.html).

 

Adjutant Henry Whitney Chatfield of Bridgeport, went out as a private in the Seventeenth at the age of eighteen. Being a young man of education, he was detached for service under Adjutant Wilcoxson, and afterwards at the headquarters of Adjutant-Gen. Meisen­burg. At Gettysburg, Lieut-Col. Fowler was shot dead by his side: Chatfield's horse was killed, his haversack torn in pieces, and a Re­volutionary sword at his side broken into fragments; yet he was unharmed. While on Morris Island, he volunteered with the other of­ficers of the brigade to storm Fort Sumter, when its defenders were bewildered under the first crash of Gilmore's batteries. In Florida, he was adjutant of the brigade. Gen. Noble writes of him, "The loss of young Chatfield was sadly felt by a large circle of friends in and out of the army. He was a true man and a brave soldier, who served from convictions of duty and patriotic devotion. With a heart true as steel, and brave as the bravest, there was a charm of genial gentleness which attracted all, and made him friends wherever he went." (aus: The Military and Civil History of Connecticut During the War of 1861-65, by William Augustus Croffut, John Moses Morris, published by Ledyard Bill, 1869; www.findagrave.com).

 

2.8.1843 Bridgeport, Fairfield County/Connecticut - † 5.2.1865 gef. Volusia County / Florida; beerd. Mountain Grove Cemetery and Mausoleum, Bridgeport, Fairfield County / Connecticut; Sohn von Henry William Chatfield und Susan Meeker Kippen Chatfield (findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

Lieutenant Henry Whitney Chatfield (http://www.seventeenthcvi.org/images_fs.html).

 

 

Cheatham, Benjamin Franklin:

CS-MajGen; aus Tennessee; während der Shiloh Campaign vom Frühjahr 1862 war Cheatham Divisionskommandeur der 2nd Divisi­on I. Army Corps MajGen Leonidas Polk in A. S. Johnston's Army of the Mississippi. Cheatham's Division umfaßte folgende Einhei­ten:

- 1st Brigade BrigGen Bushrod R. Johnson

- Blythe's Mississippi Regiment

- 2nd Tennessee Infantry

- 15th Tennessee Infantry

- 154th Tennessee Infantry Col Marcus J. *Wright

- Polk's Tennessee Battery

- 2nd Brigade Col William H. Stephens

- 7th Kentucky Infantry

- 1st Tennessee Battalion

- 6th Tennessee Infantry

- 9th Tennessee Infantry

- Stanford's Mississippi Battery

- Cavalry

- 1st Mississippi Cavalry

- Brewer's Mississippi and Alabama Battalion Cavalry

- Unattached Troops

- 47th Tennessee Infantry

 

In Shiloh war Cheatham's Division zunächst detachiert bei *Bethel Station eingesetzt (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 117 mit Karte S. 25). Auf Befehl des AOK Johnston machte Cheatham am 1.4.1862 eine Aufklärung von Purdy zum Tennessee River, die auf die in Gefechts­bereitschaft aufmarschierte US-Division von Lew Wallace stieß. Cheatham's Meldung war Anlaß für das AOK Johnston, den Angriff Richtung Shiloh zu befehlen, um dem US-Angriff zuvor zu kommen (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 117). Infolge eines Füh­rungsfehlers des AOK blieb Cheatham's Division zunächst in Bethel Station und wurde erst am 5.4.1862 Richtung Shiloh in Marsch gesetzt, band jedoch hierdurch Lew Wallace 3rd US-Division bei Crumb's Landing (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 122).

 

Cheatham's Division wurde während Sherman’s *Meridian Campaign zur Unterstützung von Polk nach Meridian kommandiert (Cast­el, Decision in the West, S. 49 ff.).

 

Divisionskommandeur der Division Cheatham, Hardee's Corps in Joseph E. Johnston's Army of the Tennessee im Frühjahr 1864 (Castel: Decision in the West, p. 49). Cheatham war kein West Pointer; während des Mexican War war Cheatham Colonel ei­nes Regi­ments; er wurde von seinen Männern als „geborener Führer“ bezeichnet; Cheatham neigte dem Whisky zu, und führte im Gefecht persönlich seine Männer in den Kampf.

 

MajGen Bragg, der Kommandierende General der Army of Tennessee beurteilte Cheatham als unfit für eine Führungsaufgabe (Noe: Perryville, p. 24) bzw. als gefährlich, zum einen wegen dessen Trunksucht, zum anderen weil Cheatham mit anderen Divisionskomm­andeuren die Absetzung Bragg's in Richmond versuchte. Bragg suchte deshalb Cheatham's Einfluß zu vermindern, in­dem er drei der Brigaden von Cheatham's Division zu anderen Divisionen ver­legte. Nach der Ablösung Bragg's durch LtGen John­ston stellte dieser die alte Gliederung der Division Cheatham wieder her (Castel: Decision in the West, p. 50). Hierdurch gewann Johnston die Dankbarkeit der Regimenter der Division (Castel: Decision, p. 50).

 

Er war 1864 Divisionskommandeur in Hardee's Corps (Hood's Army). Hood empfahl Cheatham zur Beförderung zum LtGen und als Nachfolger Hardee's, nachdem dieser auf eigenen Wunsch am 23.9.1864 von seinem Kommando als Korpskommandeur entbunden worden war. Hood zog später seine Empfehlung zugunsten Cheatham's zurück (Hay: "Pat Cleburne, Stonewall of the West," in: Buck: Cleburne and his Command, p. 52 m.w.N.). Der New York Herald (zitiert in Charleston Daily Courier v. 15.8.1864) kommen­tierte: "Cheatham is only a fighter, not a general, and a better horse jockey than either."

 

Photos:

- Buck, Irving A. (Captain C.S.A.): "Cleburne and his Command", p. 17

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History, Vol. 1: Fort Sumter to Gettysburg, p. 302

- Castel, Decision in the West, S. 51

 

Documents/Literature:

- Cheatham, Benjamin Franklin: "The Lost Opportunity at Spring Hill," Southern Historical Society Papers 9 (1181), S. 538/39

- Cheatham, Benjamin Franklin: Papers (Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville / Tennessee)

- Cheatham, Benjamin Franklin: Papers; Chicago Historical Society

- Losson, Christopher: Tennessee’s Forgotton Warriors: Frank Cheatham and His Confederate Division (Knoxville: University of the Tennessee Press, 1990); eine ausgezeichnete Studie (Castel, p. 576 Anm. 16)

 

 

Cheek, Philip:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 6th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 5).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Cheek, Philipp and Pointon, Mair: History of the Sauk County Riflemen known as Company 'A', Sixth Wisconsin Veteran Volunteer Infantry 1861-1865 (Gaithersburg, Md.: Butternut Press, 1984. Reprint of 1900 edition by Philip Cheek)

 

 

Cheek, William H.:

CS-Col; 1st Regiment North Carolina Cavalry; zunächst Captain Co. E, 1st Regiment North Carolina Cavalry (National Park Sol­diers M230 Roll 7).

 

 

Cheek, William M.:

CS-Pvt, Co. E, 26th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 7).

 

Cheek gehörte zu den Soldaten, die am 1.7.1863 im Battle of Gettysburg den tödlich verwundeten Regimentskommandeur der 26th North Carolina, Col. Henry K. Burgwyn hinter die Frontlinie transportierten. Burgwyn starb im Beisein von Pvt Cheek (Olds, Fred A.: „Bra­ve Carolinian Who Fell at Gettysburg“; in Southern Historical Society Papers 36 [1908], S. 245-247 [Bericht von Pvt Cheek über den Tod von Col. Burgwyn]).

 

 

Chenault, David Walter:

CS-Col; † 4.7.1863; 11th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (Anm.: bei National Park Soldiers nicht genannt); Chenault ist gefallen bei Greene River Bridge bei Tebb's Bend / Greene River südlich Campbellsville / Kentucky (Tailor County) / Kentucky am 4.7.1863 (Karte bei Horwitz, p. 18; Davis, Nr. 150 C 9; Horwitz, p. 22-24), dann Joseph T. Tucker; das Regiment gehörte 1863 zu Morgan's Cavalry Division, Bragg's Army of Tennessee. Teilnahme am Morgan's Raid nach Ohio im Juli 1863 (Horwitz: Longest Raid, p. 8).

 

 

Chenault, Joseph:

CS-Captain; Co. B, 11th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 3).

 

 

Chenaults, Wesley:

CS-Pvt; Co. I, 8th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 3).

 

 

Chenoweth, Joseph H.:

CS-Major; Co. F&S, 31st Virginia Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10); 8.4.1837 - † 9.6.1862 gef. im Batt­le of Port Republic (http://www.findagrave.com). Graduated VMI 1859 (VMI Digital Collection, accessed 22.12.2018).

 

Photo:

CS-Major Joseph H. Chenoweth um 1861; Ölgemälde im Besitz des VMI, Lexington/VA

 

 

Cheney, Frank W.:

US-LtCol; Co. F&S, 16th Regiment Connecticut Infantry (National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 3; Gordon: „All Who Went into That Battles Were Heroes“; in: Gallagher (ed.): Antietam Campaign, p. 169, 172). Wounded 17.9.1862 at Antietam (Gordon: „All Who Went into That Battles Were Heroes“; in: Gallagher (ed.): Antietam Campaign, p. 177).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Cheney, Frank: Souvenir of Excursion to Antietam and Dedication of Monuments of the 8th, 11th, 14th, and 16th Regiments of Connecticut New London, Conn.: n.p., 1894)

 

 

Cheney, Newel:

US-Captain; Co. C&L, 9th Regiment New York Cavalry (National Park soldiers M551 Roll 24).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Cheney, Newel (Captain; 9th Regiment New York Cavalry): History of the Ninth Regiment New York Volunteer Cavalry, War of 1861 to 1865 (Berrybook Press); Reprint of the 1901 Original; 423 pp plus Supplement on Trevilian Station; Illustrations; Complete Rosters

 

 

Chester, Henry Whipple:

US-Captain; Co. HK, 2nd Regiment Ohio Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 18).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Chester, Henry Whipple (Captain, 2nd Ohio Volunteer Cavalry): Recollections of the War of the Rebellion: A Story of the 2nd Ohio Volunteer Cavalry, 1861-1865 (Wheaton History Center 1996)

 

 

Chester, Thomas Morris:

US-Journalist, auch als J. Morris Chester bezeichnet (Andrews, The North reports the Civil War, p. 635); farbiger Korre­spondent der Philadelphia Press (Andrews, p. 635).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Chester, Thomas Morris: Black Civil War Correspondent. His Dispatches from the Virginia Front; edited by R. J. M. Blackett (DaCapo Press)

 

 

Chestnut, James, Jr.:

CS-BrigGen; 1815-1.2.1885; graduated von Princeton University; verheiratet mit Mary Boykin *Chestnut; er diente 14 Jahre in der Legislature von South Carolina; 1859 wurde er gebeten, einen frei gewordenen Sitz im US-Senat zu besetzen; US-Senator bis 10.11.1860, als er bei Beginn der Sezession North Carolinas, aus dem Senat zurücktrat, um den Süden zu unterstützen (Davis: A Government of Our Own, p. 8); Delegierter von South Carolina auf der Secession Convention in Montgomery / Alabama im Februar 1861 (Davis: A Govern­ment of Our Own, p. 49 ff). Chestnut überbrachte in der Nacht des 12.4.1861 Fort Sumter die CS-Übergabeforderung (Chestnut: Diary from Dixie, p. 34); Chestnut war bei 1st Manassas CS-Colonel und "aide de camp" bei CS-General Beauregard (Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, p. 38; Chestnut: Diary from Dixie, S. 34; Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, p. 69); anschließend war Chestnut Aide bei Präsident Jefferson Davis; im weiteren Verlauf des Krieges befehligte er als BrigGen die CS-Truppen an der Küste von South Carolina (Chestnut: Diary from Dixie, Introduction S. xviii); in der Nach­kriegszeit engagierte Chestnut sich im öffentlichen Leben von South Carolina, soweit es die US-Politik der Recon­struction zuließ.

 

In 1858 Chesnut was elected by the South Carolina Legislature to the U.S. Senate as a Democrat to replace Josiah J. Evans. He served there for two years alongside Senator James Henry Hammond of South Carolina. Although a defender of slavery and states' rights, Chesnut opposed the re-opening of the African slave trade and was not as staunch a secessionist as most of the South Carolinian politicians. Moderate in his political views, he believed in extending protections for slavery's westward expansion while remaining within the Union. But the political atmosphere tightened towards the Presidential Election of 1860, since the Republican Party and its presidential candidate, Abraham Lincoln, opposed slavery. After the results of the election were known, Chesnut decided that he could no longer stay in his office in the Senate. Shortly after Lincoln's election, he was the first Southern senator to withdraw from the Senate, on November 10, 1860. (He was expelled in absentia from the Senate the next year). Chestnut participated in the South Carolina secession convention in December 1860 and was subsequently elected to the Provisional Congress of the Con­federate States. He was a member of the committee which drafted the Confederate States Constitution (wikipedia, keyword 'James Chestnut', acces­sed 10.12.2018).

 

Photo:

Wiley/Milhollen: Embattled Confederates, p. 7

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Chestnut, James: Letter Book, 1862, Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection. Library of Congress, Washington, DC

- **Chestnut, James Jr.: Papers. Duke University, Durham, North Carolina,

- **Chestnut – Miller – Manning Papers, South Carolina Historical Society, Charleston

 

 

Chestnut, Mary Boykin:

aus South Carolina; +++- † 22.11.1886; ihr Ehemann James *Chestnut jr., früherer US-Senator war bei Kriegsbeginn CS-Colonel und "aide de camp" bei CD-General Beauregard.

 

Mary Chestnut begleitete ihren Ehemann auf der Reise zur Secession Convention in Montgomery / Alabama, die das Ehepaar am 4.2.1861 antrat (Davis: A Government of Our Own, p. 49 ff).

 

Mary Chestnut hielt sich im Januar 1864 in Richmond auf (Tagebuch 1.1.1864; Castel, Decision in the West, p. 21)

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Chestnut, Mary: A Diary from Dixie; ed. Isabella D. Martin and Myrta Lockett Avary (New York: Gramercy Books, 1905; reprint New York: Ramdom House, 1997); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik49 Anm.: die 1905 veröffentlichte Tagebuch-Ausgabe ist unvollstän­dig; z.B. wird nicht berichtet von der Reise des Ehepaars Chestnut zur Secession Convention in Montgomery / Alabama ab 4.2.1861 und während der Zugfahrt stattgefundenen Diskussion über den geeigneten Kandidaten zur Präsidentschaft der künftigen CSA (Da­vis: A Government of Our Own, p. 49 ff)

- **Muhlenfeld, Elisabeth: Mary Boykin Chestnut: A Biography (LSU Press) 271 pp; illustrated with 44 halftones

- **Woodward, C. Vann und Elizabeth Muhlenfeld (eds.): The Private Mary Chestnut: The Unpublished Civil War Diaries (New York, 1984)

 

 

Chetham, L. M.:

CS-Pvt; Co. G, 1st Regiment Virginia Reserves (Fairnholt's) (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10)

 

 

Chetlain, Augustus L.:

US-LtCol; zunächst Co. F, 12th Illinois Infantry Regiment (3 months, 1861) (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 15); dann Lt Col; Co. F&S, 12th Illinois Infantry Regiment (3 years) (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 15).

 

aus Galena / Illinois; 1861 LtCol (Catton: Grant Moves South, p. 65). Als LtCol Regimentskommandeur 12th Illinois Infantry. Die 12th Illinois Infantry unter LtCol Augustus L. *Chetlain gehörte im Frühjahr 1862 zur 1st Brigade McArthur, 2nd Division BrigGen Charles F Smith, Grant’s Army of the Tennessee bei der Eroberung von *Fort Donelson im Februar 1862 (US Grant; in: Battles and Leaders Vol. I S. 429; Wallace, Lew: The Capture of Fort Donelson; in: B&L, vol. I, p. 417-419) und im Battle of Shiloh unter LtCol Chetlain zur 2nd Brigade Brig­Gen John *McArthur 2nd Division W.H.L. Wallace Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 319; Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh, B & L, I, S. 537 ff).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Chetlain, Augustus: Recollections of Seventy Years (Galena / Ill., 1899)

 

 

Chew, Roger Preston:

CS-LtCol; 9.4.1843 Charles Town WVa. – 16.3.1921 ; VMI, Schüler von Stonewall Jackson; Captain Chew's Battery in der Laurel Brigade seit 1861 (McDonald, p. 31; Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, p. 50); Chew überzeugte Kavallerie­kommandeur *Ashby und Secretary of War Benjamin von den Vorteilen der berittenen Artillerie. Auf Anordnung von Benjamin schuf Chew sodann die erste berittene Artillerieeinheit in den USA seit Ende des Mexikokrieges (Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, p. 52; McDonald, p. 31). Teil­nahme an Jackson's Vorstoß gegen Pope's Army of Virginia Anfang August 1862 und am Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862. In der Nacht vom 8. auf den 9.8.1862 kampierte Chew's Battery östlich von Orange Court House, Va. (Krick: Cedar Mountain, p. 39 mit Karte S. 18; Neese, George M.: Three Years in the Confederate Horse Ar­tillery [New York, 1911], S. 83-85).

 

1864 wurde Chew Kommandeur von Stuart's Horse Artillery (McDonald, p. 31); 1865 LtCol (McDonald, p. 32).

 

Photo:

- Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, p. 236

 

Documents/Literature:

- Chew, Roger Preston: Papers. Scattered postwar correspondence to and from Chew (Jefferson County Museum, Charles Town, West Virginia)

- Krick: Cedar Mountain, p. 39, 72, 364, 372

- McDonald, William: A History of the Laurel Brigade. Originally the Ashby Cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia and Chew's Battery (Maryland, 1907; Reprint John Hopkins University Press: Baltimore, Maryland, 2002)

- *Neese, George M.: Three Years in the Confederate Horse Artillery (New York, 1911)

 

 

Child, Willard A.:

US-Assistant Surgeon, später Surgeon, 1st, 4th and 10th Vermont Infantry Regiments (Ledoux: „Quite ready to be sent some­where“. The Civil War Letters of Aldace Free­man Walker, p. 21, 22 Anm. 26; vgl auch: Haynes, Edwin M. [Chaplain, 10th Vermont]: A His­tory of the Tenth Vermont Volunteers with Biographical Sketches of the Officers who fell in Battle [1894, 1st Editi­on], S. 399-402).

 

Child ist wohl ein Cousin von Col. Aldace Freeman *Walker; dessen Großmutter väterlicherseits war Cloe Child (Ledoux: „Qui­te ready to be sent some­where“. The Civil War Letters of Aldace Free­man Walker, p. 22 Anm. 26).

 

 

Child, William Dr.:

US-Major/Surgeon; Co. F&S, 5th New Hampshire Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M549 Roll 2).

 

2.4.1834 Bath/New Hampshire - † 20.7.1918, North Haverhill/NH, beerd. Bath Village Cemetery, Bath/NH (findagrave.com). Child besuchte die Dartmouth Medical School und graduierte 1857. Child war in der Vorkriegszeit als Arzt in Bath/New Hampshire und war dort tätig; appointed 2nd Asst. Surgeon 8.13.1862, 10.28.1864 appointed Surgeon, Mustered out 6.28.1865 (findagrave. com).

 

°° mit Luvia Land (1837-1886) (Angabe auf dem Grabstein im Bath Village Cemetery, Photo bei www.findagrave.com); Vater von Clint und Kate Child (Brief Child's, wohl vom 18.9.1862, veröffentlicht bei Antietam National Battlefield Letters and Diaries of Sol­diers and Civilians, Letters).

 

Nach der Schlacht von Antietam schreibt Child an seine Frau: „My Dear Wife; Day before yesterday I dressed the wounds of 64 dif­ferent men - some having two or three each. Yesterday I was at work from daylight till dark - today I am completely exhausted - but stall soon be able to go at it again. The days after the battle are a thousand times worse than the day of the battle – and the physical pain is not the greatest pain suffered. How awful it is - you have not can have until you see it any idea of affairs after a battle. The dead appear sickening but they suffer no pain. But the poor wounded mutilated soldiers that yet have life and sensation make a most horrid picture. I pray God may stop such infernal work - through perhaps he has sent it upon us for our sins. Great indeed must have been our sins if such is our punishment. Our Reg. Started this morning for Harpers Ferry - 14 miles. I am detailed with others to re­main here until the wounded are removed - then join the Reg. With my nurses. I expect there will be another great fight at Harpers Ferry ...“ (Brief Childs, wohl vom 18.9.1862, veröffentlicht bei Antietam National Battlefield Letters and Diaries of Soldiers and Ci­vilians, http://www.nps.gov/anti/learn/education/upload/Letters).

 

Photo:

- Major und Surgeon Dr. William Child (findagrave.com)

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Child, William: History of the Fifth New Hampshire Volunteers (Bristol 1893, First Edition; Reprint Old Books Publishing); 568 pp; Rosters; Biographical Sketches. Nevins says "One of the better regimental histories; composed for the most part of letters and diary excerpts by several members of the unit; covers fully the Eastern Campaigns beginning with McClellan's advance up to the Peninsula"

- **Child, William: Letters from a civil war Surgeon. Dr. William Child of the Fifth New Hampshire Volunteers. Polar Bear & Com­pany; Auflage: Ill (März 2002)

- Child, William: Letters to his wife 22.9.1862, 25.9.1862, 19.10.1862 und 20.10.1862; 5th New Hampshire file, Antietam National Battlefield Library

- McPherson: Crossroads of Freedom. Antietam, p. 5, 7

 

 

Childs, Henry T.:

CS-Pvt; Co. D, 1st Regiment Tennessee Infantry (Turney's), Archers *Brigade; Battle of Cedar Mountain (Krick, Cedar Mountain, p. 65) und Battle of Chancellorsville; hierbei Teilnahme am Angriff auf Sickles Corps bei Hazel Grove und Chancellorsville am 3.5.1863 (Sears: Chancellorsville, p. 317).

 

Verwundet im Battle of 2nd Manassas (Childs, Henry T.: „Archer's Brigade at Chancellorsville“; Confederate Veteran 28 (1920), P. 220).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Childs, Henry T.: "Cedar Run Battle as I Saw It"; Confederate Veteran 28 (1920), S. 24)

- **Childs, Henry T.: „Archer's Brigade at Chancellorsville“; Confederate Veteran 28 (1920), P. 220-221

 

 

Childs, James H.:

US-Col 4th Pennsylvania Cavalry

 

 

Chilton, F. B.:

CS-Pvt; Co. H, 4th Regiment Texas Infantry (National Park Soldiers M227 Roll 7).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Chilton, F. B.: Unveiling and Dedication of Monument to Hood's Texas Brigade (Houston: F. B. Chilton, 1911)

 

 

Chilton, Robert H.:

CS-++General; Lee’s Adjutant General; LtCol Chilton gehörte ab Juni 1861 zum Stab Lee's (Freeman: Robert E. Lee, 1:530). Chilton unterzeichnete die Abschrift von Lee’s berühmten Befehl Nr. 191, der McClellan vor den Schlachten von South Mountain und Antie­tam in die Hände fiel (Cannan, Antietam, p. 96)

 

 

Chilton, William P.:

CS-Politiker; ehemaliger State Chief Justice des Staates Alabama; 1861 war Chilton Anwalt in Montgomery / Alabama; Delegierter auf dem CS-Gründungskongress vom Februar 1861 in Montgomery / Alabama (Davis: A Government of Our Own, p. 26).

 

 

Chisholm, Daniel:

US-+++; 116th Pennsylvania Infantry

 

Documents/Literature:

- Chisholm, Daniel (116th Pennsylvania): The Civil War Notebook of Daniel Chisholm: A Chronicle of Daily Life in the Union Army, 1864-1865 (Orion Books, 1989)

 

 

Chisolm, Alexander Robert:

CS-Col; bei 1st Manassas als CS-Captain Stabsoffizier im Hauptquartier Beauregard's (Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, p. 38; Davis: Battle of Bull Run, p. 111). Chisolm erschien gegen 10:00 Uhr im Hauptquartier der Brigade Ewell, und unterrichtete die­sen vom, gegen die linke CS-Flanke bei Sudley erfolgten US-Angriff (Pfanz: Ewell, p. 137).

 

Im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh war Chisolm als Captain Mitglied im persönlichen Stab Beauregard's (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 118).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Chisolm, Alexander Robert: Papers, New-York Historical Society, New York / NY

- Chisolm, Alexander Robert: Compiled Service Record, National Archives Washington / DC, RG 109, M331, R54

 

 

Choate, J. W.:

CS-Pvt; aus Allegheny County, North Carolina; Bruder von William T.. *Choate und S. J. *Choate; Co. F. 22nd North Carolina In­fantry

 

Documents/Literature:

- Choate Family: Correspondence, 1862-64. Allegheny County, North Carolina, brothers - William T., S. J., and J. W., who served for the Confederacy. William enlisted in Company I, 61st North Carolina Regiment, and S. J. and J. W. enlisted in Company F, 22nd North Carolina Regiment. All died in the war. Papers consist of photocopies of thirty-two letters written among the brothers to each other and to Martha Choate, wife of William. Includes a letter to Martha from James Radcliffe, informing her of her husband's death. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Col­lections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 85-016).

 

 

Choate, Rufus:

1.10.1799 in Essex oder Ipswich, Essex County, Massachusetts - † 13.7.1859 in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Kanada) war ein US-amerika­nischer Jurist und Politiker der National Republican Party sowie der Whig Party, der unter anderem den Bundesstaat Massachusetts sowohl im Repräsentantenhaus als auch im Senat der Vereinigten Staaten vertrat (wikipedia, Stichwort, Choate, Abruf v. 20.2.2017).

 

Choate stammte aus einer Familie, die sich bereits 1667 in Massachusetts niederließ. Sein Großvater John Choate war zwischen 1741 und 1761 Mitglied im Repräsentantenhaus von Massachusetts. Er selbst galt früh als Wunderkind, das im Alter von sechs Jahren län­gere Texte der Bibel sowie der Pilgerreise zur seligen Ewigkeit auswendig aufsagen konnte. Nach dem Schulbesuch studierte er zu­nächst am Dartmouth College, das er 1819 als Jahrgangsbester abschloss, und war an diesem anschließend von 1819 bis 1820 als Tu­tor tätig. Im Anschluss studierte er Rechtswissenschaft zunächst an der Law School der Harvard University, ehe er zwischen 1821 und 1822 seine juristische Ausbildung im Büro des damaligen US Attorney General William Wirt in Washington, D.C. Fortsetzte. Nach seiner anwaltlichen Zulassung in Massachusetts wurde er 1823 Rechtsanwalt in Peabody und war dort bis 1828 tätig. Während dieser Zeit begann er zugleich seine politische Laufbahn und war zunächst von 1825 bis 1826 wie sein Großvater Mitglied im Reprä­sentantenhaus von Massachusetts, ehe er 1827 Mitglied im Senat von Massachusetts war. 1828 nahm er seine Tätigkeit als Rechtsan­walt in Salem auf und erreichte dabei bald öffentliche Aufmerksamkeit durch einige von ihm übernommene bedeutende Gerichtsver­fahren (wikipedia, Stichwort, Choate, Abruf v. 20.2.2017).

 

1830 wurde er als Kandidat der National Republican Party zum Mitglied in das US-Repräsentantenhaus gewählt und vertrat in die­sem nach seiner Wiederwahl 1832 vom 4. März 1831 bis zum 30. Juni 1834 den zweiten Kongresswahlbezirk von Massachusetts. Bei seiner ersten Wahlen konnte er sich gegen den langjährigen Wahlkreisinhaber der Föderalistischen Partei und ehemaligen Mari­neminister in den Kabinetten der US-Präsidenten James Madison und James Monroe, Benjamin Williams Crowninshield, durch­setzen. Während seiner Mitgliedschaft im Repräsentantenhaus hielt er insbesondere eine bemerkenswerte Rede zur Verteidigung ei­nes Schutzzolls. Noch vor Beendigung seiner zweiten Legislaturperiode im 23. US-Kongress trat er am 30. Juni 1834 als Abgeordne­ter zurück und wurde Rechtsanwalt in Boston. Zu dieser Zeit galt er in den gesamten Staaten Neuenglands bereits als großer Redner und hielt Reden auf zahlreichen öffentlichen Veranstaltungen. Nachdem er sich mehrere Jahre seiner anwaltlichen Tätigkeit widmete, kehrte er 1841 ins politische Leben zurück und wurde für die Whig Party als Nachfolger von Daniel Webster, der zum Außenminister in das Kabinett von William Henry Harrison ernannt wurde, Mitglied in den US-Senat für Massachusetts als Senator Class 1. Dem Senat gehörte er vom 23. Februar 1841 bis zum Ende der regulären Amtszeit Websters am 3. März 1845. Bereits wenige Wochen nach seinem Einzug in den Senat hielt Choate eine seiner bemerkenswertesten Reden anlässlich der Trauerfeierlichkeiten in der Fa­neuil Hall in Boston für den am 4. April 1841 verstorbenen Präsidenten William H. Harrison. Als Senator widmete er sich Themen wie Schutzzölle, Oregon-Kompromiss, Fiscal Bank Act sowie der Annexion von Texas, gegen die er sich im März 1845 bei einer De­batte aussprach (wikipedia, Stichwort, Choate, Abruf v. 20.2.2017).

 

1845 verzichtete er auf eine erneute Kandidatur für den Senat, worauf Daniel Webster wieder Senator wurde und nahm anschließend wieder seine anwaltliche Tätigkeit auf. Mehrere Jahre zog er sich auch weitgehend vom politischen Leben zurück, war aber ein großer Befürworter von Daniel Websters Politik, die dieser in seiner berühmten Seventh of March Speech vom 7. März 1850 darstell­te. Andererseits scheiterte Choate jedoch bei seinen Bemühungen zur Unterstützung der Kandidatur Websters für die Whig Party bei der Präsidentschaftswahl in den Vereinigten Staaten 1852. Danach war er 1853 für einige Zeit Mitglied der Verfassunggebenden Ver­sammlung von Massachusetts war und darüber hinaus zwischen 1853 und 1854 auch Attorney General des Bundesstaates. 1854 wur­de er in die American Academy of Arts and Sciences gewählt. Bei der US-Präsidentschaftswahl 1856 lehnte er anders als zahlreiche Whig Party-Mitglieder den Eintritt in die Republikanische Partei ab und gab dem Präsidentschaftskandidaten der Demokratischen Partei James Buchanan, in dem er anders als im republikanischen Kandidaten John C. Frémont den Repräsentanten einer nationalen Partei sah (wikipedia, Stichwort, Choate, Abruf v. 20.2.2017).

 

Im Juli 1859 verschlechterte sich sein Gesundheitszustand, so dass er eine Erholungsreise nach Europa beabsichtigte. Diese konnte er aber nicht mehr antraten, sondern verstarb kurz vor seiner Einschiffung am 13. Juli 1859 in Halifax. Rufus Choate wurde durch die Aufnahme in die Hall of Fame for Great Americans geehrt (wikipedia, Stichwort, Choate, Abruf v. 20.2.2017).

 

 

Choate, S. J.:

CS-Pvt; aus Allegheny County, North Carolina; Bruder von William T.. *Choate und J. W. *Choate; Co. F. 22nd North Carolina In­fantry

 

Documents/Literature:

Choate Family: Correspondence, 1862-64. Allegheny County, North Carolina, brothers - William T., S. J., and J. W. - who served for the Confederacy. William enlisted in Company I, 61st North Carolina Regiment, and S. J. and J.W. enlisted in Company F, 22nd North Carolina Regiment. All died in the war. Papers consist of photocopies of thirty-two letters written among the brothers to each other and to Martha Choate, wife of William. Includes a letter to Martha from James Radcliffe, informing her of her husband's death. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Col­lections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 85-016).

 

 

Choate, William T.:

CS-Pvt; aus Allegheny County, North Carolina; Bruder von J. W. *Choate und S. J. *Choate; Co. I. 61st North Carolina Infantry

 

Documents/Literature:

Choate Family: Correspondence, 1862-64. Allegheny County, North Carolina, brothers - William T., S. J., and J.W. - who served for the Confederacy. William enlisted in Company I, 61st North Carolina Regiment, and S. J. and J.W. enlisted in Company F, 22nd North Carolina Regiment. All died in the war. Papers consist of photocopies of thirty-two letters written among the brothers to each other and to Martha Choate, wife of William. Includes a letter to Martha from James Radcliffe, informing her of her husband's death. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Col­lections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 85-016).

 

 

Chopat, John A:

US-Pvt; Co. F&D, 56th Regiment Indiana Infantry (National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 13).

 

Ca. 1840 Mance - † 4.2.1900 Oil, Perry, Indiana, 60 years old; Son of Charles Chopat and Maryan Chopat; ∞ NN. (Indiana, Death Certificate of 4.2.1900).

 

 

Christ, Benjamin C.:

US-Col; während Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 1863 war Christ Brigadekommandeur 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division Robert B. Potter, IX. Army Corps John G. Parke (Bearss: Vicksburg, vol. III, S. 1146).

 

 

Christian, William A.:

US-Col; during the Antietam Campaign he commanded 2nd Brigade (26th New York, 94th New York, 88th Pennsylvania, 90th Penn­sylvania), 2nd Division (James B. Ricketts), I Corps (Hooker) (Sears: Landscape turned Red, p. 360).

 

 

Christian, W. S.:

CS-Col; 55th Virginia Infantry (Martin: Gettysburg, p. 25). 1863 während der Gettysburg Campaign gehörte die 55th Vir­ginia Infan­try zu Pettigrew's Brigade Heth's Division III Army Corps Ambrose A. Hill. Das Regiment nahm an der Aufklärung durch Pettigrew's Brigade gegen Gettysburg am 30.6.1863 teil (Martin: Gettysburg, July 1, p. 26). Als Buford's Cavalry am Morgen des 30.6.1863 aus Gettysburg nach Westen vorstieß zog sich das Regiment wie auch die anderen Teile von Pettigrew's Briga­de, aufgrund des Befehls, Kampfhandlungen zu vermeiden, Richtung Cashtown zurück (Martin, p. 27; W. S. Christian to John W. Daniel, Letter, 24. Oct. 1903, Daniel Papers, Alderman Library, University of Virginia).

 

 

Christy, George W.:

CS-Captain; aus Louisiana; im Frühjahr 1862 Chief of Ordnance in Ewell's Division (Pfanz: Ewell, p. 155).

 

 

Chrysler, Morgan H.:

US-++General

 

 

Church, Francis P.:

US-Journalist; zunächst Journalist der New York Times; Ab August 1863 gab er zusammen mit seinem Bruder William Conant *Church die Zeitung '*Army und Navy Journal heraus (Nosworthy, Bloody Crucible, p. 180; Andrews, The North Re­ports, p. 62).

 

 

Church, John Reuben (Jack):

CS-++++Officer; geb. 27.6.1832 Athens/Georgia - † 9.1.1863 Columbia / SC (http://www.findagrave.com); West Point 1855/ Rang 16 von 34 (Angabe USMA bei http://www.civilwarintheeast.com); anschließend Lieutenant in Fort Washita / Indian Terri­tory (Faher­ty, William Barnaby: The St. Louis Irish: An Unmatched Celtic Community, p. 95).

 

2nd Lieutenant of Cavalry 1.7.1855. Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1855-56, 1856,-and in (SECOND LIEUT., Co. C. 1st US Cavalry, AUG. 27, 18(5) quelling Kansas Disturbances, 185G; on Recruiting service, 1856- 57; and on frontier duty at Ft. Leavenworth, K,u1., 1857, - Escorting Commissioner for running Southern Boundary of Kansas 'l'erritory, 1857, and was engaged against Kiowa and Camanche Indians in a Skirmish 11eal' Grand Saline, Kn.n., Aug. 6, 1857,-Utah Expedition, 1S·58.--Ft. Leaven­worth, Kan., 1858,-Ft. Washita, I. T., 1859-GO,- and Kiowl\ and Camanche Expedition, 1860, being engaged in several Skirmishes, June -Sep., 1860. RESIGNED, OCT. 30, 1860 (Graduates of the U.S. Military Academiy 1855 Nr. 1692 S. 404; http://civilwarlibrar­y.org/files/USmilacad_1855_1857.pdf).

 

Church resigned from the US-Army 1860 und diente später in der Confederate Artillery (Gallagher: Anm. zu: Alexander: Figh­ting for the Confederacy, p. 8 und Anm. 14 S. 557). Church war Col of Confederate Volunteers und ist in der Schlacht von +++klären++ ge­fallen (Faherty, William Barnaby: The St. Louis Irish: An Unmatched Celtic Community, p. 95).

 

Sohn von Dr. Alonzo Church (1793 – 1862; Prof. der Mathematik an der Universität of Georgia, Athens / GA [ A. L. Hull: A Historic­al Sketch of the University of Georgia. Athens/GA 1894, S. 47]) und Sarah Tripp Church (1801-1861); °° 1858 mit Mary Fe­licite Christy Church Scanlan (1836 St. Louis - 1904) (http://www.findagrave.com; Faherty, William Barnaby: The St. Louis Irish: An Unmatched Celtic Communi­ty, p. 95).

 

 

Church, William Conant:

US-Journalist; zunächst Journalist der New York Times; ab August 1863 gab er zusammen mit seinem Bruder Francis P. *Church die Zeitung '*Army und Navy Journal heraus (Nosworthy, Bloody Crucible, p. 180; Andrews, The North Reports, p. 62).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Bigelow, Donald N.: William Conant Church and the Army and Navy Journal (New York: Columbia University Press, 1952)

- Church, William Conant: "The Life of John Ericson" (Scribner's 1891); 2 Volume Set

 

 

Churchill, Thomas James:

CS-Col; 1824-1915; stammte Kentucky; Studium der Jurisprudenz an der Transsylvania University; Teilnahme am Mexikokrieg, da­bei gefangengenommen; zog später nach Arkansas; in der Vorkriegszeit Farmer und Post Master in Little Rock, Ark. (Brooksher: Bloody Hill, p. 119; Boatner, p. 155). Col 1st Arkansas Mounted Rifles (Brooksher, p. 118). Beteiligt unter dem Oberbefehl von Ben­jamin *McCulloch Ende Juni 1861 am Vorstoß aus Arkansas nach Norden, um Claiborne *Jackson vor dem Angriff Nathaniel *Lyon's zu retten. Hierbei wurde Churchill's Regiment zusammen mit den 2nd Arkansas Mounted Rifles gegen die US-Truppen bei Neosho südlich von Carthage (Karte bei Brooksher, p. 84) eingesetzt (Brooksher, p. 118-119). Dort befanden sich 137 Mann US-Truppen unter US-Capt Joseph *Conrad, die sich angesichts der Übermacht am 5.7.1861 gefangen gaben (Brooksher, p. 116, 119; OR 3, 38-40). Battle of Wilson's Creek. Im Februar 1862 während der Pea Ridge Cam­paign gehörte das Regiment zu 2nd Brigade Col Louis *Hébert in BrigGen Benjamin *McCulloch's Division. BrigGen (CSA) 4.3.1862; Verteidigung von Arkansas Post, dabei zur Übergabe gezwungen, nachdem einige seiner Soldaten, ohne Wissen Churchill's die weiße Flagge gehißt hatten; in der Red River Campaign 1864 führte Churchill ein Detachment von Sterling Price's Army gegen *Banks; Einsatz gegen *Steele bei Jenkin's Ferry; MajGen 18.3.1865; er folgte vor Kriegsende Kirby *Smith nach Texas und überg­ab seine Truppen 'unwillingly'. In der Nachkriegszeit Politiker der Demokratischen Partei; 1880 Arkansas Governor (Boat­ner, p. 155).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Dacus, Robert H. Reminiscences of Company "H," First Arkansas Mounted Rifles. [Dardanelle, Ark.: Post-Despatch Print, 1897]. Reprint ed., Dayton, Ohio: Morningside Bookshop, 1972

 

 

Cilley, C. H.:

CS-Col; Cilley was Assistant Adjutant General under Van Derveer and was appointed by N. Carolina's Governor to head the Battle­field Commission. After the war he moved to the state and made it his adopted home. He authored the section on Chickamauga in Vo­lume V in Clark, Walter, ed. Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-65: Writ­ten by Members of the Respective Commands. 5 vols (Goldsboro, N.C.: E. M. Uzzell (vol. 1); Raleigh, N.C.: Nash Brothers, 1901).

 

 

Clack, Franklin H.:

CS-Major; Louisiana Confederate Guards Response Battalion; Louisiana-Gouverneur Thomas O. *Moore stellte auf Anforderung von Beauregard vom 21.2.1862 ca 1500 Mann Militia auf, die für 90 Tage mit Zustimmung des CS-War-Departments eingezogen wurden; die Truppen umfaßten die Washington Artillery (5th Co.), Orleans Guard Artillery, Orleans Guard Battalion, Crescent Regim­ent und Confederate Guards Response Battalion (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 61).

 

Die Einheit gehörte im Battle of Shiloh zum II. Army Corps MajGen Braxton Bragg 1st Division BrigGen Daniel Ruggles 2nd Briga­de BrigGen Patton Anderson (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 321). Am Morgen des 6.4.1862 Teilnahme am Angriff von Anderson’s Brigade auf die 5th US-Division Sherman’s südlich Shiloh Church (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 167 mit Karte S. 166).

 

 

Claiborne, John Francis Hamtramck:

1809-1884; J.F.H. Claiborne was a lawyer, U.S. Representative, editor, planter, and historian of Mississippi and Louisiana. The col­lection has relatively few items pertaining to Claiborne's personal activities but includes letters he wrote while a law student in Wy­theville, Va.; records of the 1842-1843 commission on Choctaw Indian claims; a few papers of Governor John Anthony Quitman; diary of Willis Herbert Claiborne as a Confederate officer at Vicksburg in April-July 1863; J. L. Power's notes on the Mississippi se­cession convention; materials collected by Claiborne in preparation of his history of Mississippi, among them biographical and auto­biographical material on prominent leaders; and writings of Claiborne and others on a wide variety of contemporary and historical subjects.

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Claiborne, J. F. H.: Papers; Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Collection Number 00151

- **Claiborne, J. F. C.: „The Secession Convention“; in: J. F. H. Claiborne Papers Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

 

 

Clanton, James Holt:

CS-BrigGen; Kommandeur Clanton’s Brigade of Alabama Cavalry; 1862 Col 1st Alabama Cavalry (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 69).

 

Das Regiment gehörte im Battle of Shiloh zum II. Army Corps MajGen Braxton Bragg 2nd Division BrigGen Jones M. Withers 3rd Brigade BrigGen John K. Jackson (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 321). Bei der Ablösung der 19th Alabama Infantry von Sicherungs­aufgaben bei Monterey durch Randal Gibson’s Brigade (II. Army Corps MajGen Braxton Bragg 1st Division BrigGen Daniel Rug­gles 1st Brigade Col Randal L. Gibson) bildete die 1st Alabama Cavalry den Screening Schirm (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 116).

 

Clanton versuchte mit 200 Kavalleristen während *Rousseau’s Raid nach Alabama im Juli 1864 die US-Truppen am Übergang über den Coosa-River zu hindern. Clanton stammte aus einer reichen Plantagenbesitzerfamilie und wuchs bei Callebee Creek / Alabama auf. Clanton war Freiwilliger und Veteran des Mexiko-Krieges, dann Rechtsanwalt und arbeitete in der Alabama Verwaltung. Er war gegen die Sezession, folgte aber nach Kriegsbeginn der Sache des Südens, hob auf eigene Kosten eine Company aus und wurde zum Colonel des 1st Alabama Cavalry Regiment gewählt; er wird als „gallant to rashness“ charakterisiert. Er war seinen Vorgesetzten ein unbequemer Untergebener. Nach einer Auseinandersetzung mit CS-Gen Braxton Bragg, trat er zurück und bat um Versetzung nach Nord-Virginia. Stattdessen wurde er Brigadekommandeur einer gemischten Brigade in Alabama und zum BrigGen ernannt (Evans, Sherman’s Horsemen, p. 110). Nach einer Revolte in seiner Brigade, deren Soldaten mehrheitlich unionistisch gesinnt waren, geriet er in den Ruch der politischen Unzuverlässigkeit, obwohl er im Kriegsgerichtsverfahren freigesprochen wurde. Nach Auflö­sung sei­ner Brigade wurde er zunächst in den Stab von Leonidas Polk versetzt, wo er sich bei der Evakuierung der Artillerie über den Etowah River gegen Sherman’s Angriff auszeichnete. Nachdem Gen. Polk am 14.6.1864 gefallen war, wurde Clanton von Gen. Joe Johnston als unzuverlässig und ungeeignet auf einen abgelegenen Posten in den Blue Mountain / Nordalabama versetzt, wo er eine kleine Bri­gade bestehend aus 6th und 8th Alabama Cavalry kommandierte.

 

Als Clanton vom Erscheinen der Truppen Rousseau’s am Coosa River erfuhr, griff er mit Teilen der 6th Alabama Cavalry energisch trotz der Unterlegenheit seiner Truppen im Morgengrauen an der Fährstelle bei Greensport/Coosa River an (Karte Davis Nr. 119, Karte bei Evans, p. 99; Gefechtskarte bei Evans S. 112), nachdem er zuvor alles unternommen hatte, um seine weiteren Kräfte zu­sammenzuziehen (Evans, p. 111).

 

Clanton wurde nach dem Krieg von einem früheren Unionsoffizier, David M. Nelson, in Knoxville Tennessee 1871 erschossen (Evans, Sherman’s Horsemen, p. 508 Anm. 23 m.w.N.).

 

Photo:

- Evans, Sherman’s Horsemen, p. 111.

 

 

Clare, Henry P.:

US-Lt/Adjutant; Co. F&S, 83rd Regiment New York Infantry (Pfanz: Gettysburg First Day, p. 31, gives the Name faulty as 'Claire'; National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 25); mustered in as sergeant (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 25).

 

Age, 27 years. Enrolled at New York city, to serve three years, and mustered in as sergeant, Co. D, May 27, 1861; promoted first ser­geant, August 5, 1861; mustered in as first lieutenant, May 22, 1862; wounded in action, September 17, 1862, at Antietam, Md.; mus­tered in as adjutant, November 1, 1862; wounded in action, May 12, 1864 at Spotsylvania, Va.; mustered out with regiment, June 23, 1864, at New York city. Commissioned first lieutenant, June 11, 1862, with rank from May 22, 1862, vice R, A. Lanning resigned (Roster, 83rd Regiment New York Infantry; https://dmna.ny.gov/historic/reghist/civil/rosters/Infantry/83rd_Infantry_CW_ Roster. Pdf).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Claire, Henry P.: Letter to William 30.6.1863; in: William Keating Clare Papers, Duke University, Rare Book, Manuscript, ans Spe­cial Collections Library, Durham, NC

 

 

Clare, William:

US-Pvt; er soll Pvt im 83rd Regiment New York Infantry sein (Gottfried: Brigade at Gettysburg, p. 69); im Katalog der Duke University (Duke Univer­sity, Manuscript Department of the William R. Perkins Library) auf das sich Gottfried bezieht (Gottfried: Brigade at Gettysburg, p. 77n35), ist aufgeführt: „WILLIAM KEA­TING CLARE PAPERS, 1863. (39 items.) Letters of a Civil War soldier, originally from Ireland, who served in the 9th New York State Militia. His letters describe camp life and the battle of Gettysburg“. Als ' 9th New York State Militia' wurde das 83rd Re­giment New York Infantry bezeichnet.

 

Im Register der National Park Soldiers Sammlung ist kein William Clare vom 83rd Regiment New York Infantry genannt; dort wer­den genannt: William Clare (145th Regiment New York Infantry), William Clare (10th Regiment New York Infantry), William Clare (97th Regiment New York Infantry) (National Park Soldiers). Auch im Roster des 83rd Regiment New York Infantry wird kein William Clare genannt (Annual Report of the Adjutant-General of the State of New York for the Year: Registers of the 83rd Regiment New York Infantry).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Claire, William Keating: Papers, Duke University, Rare Book, Manuscript, ans Special Collections Library, Durham, NC

 

 

Clark, Achilles V.:

CS-Sergeant; Forrest's Cavalry; Teilnahme am Massacre von Fort Pillow am 12.4.1864 (Bericht in Clark's Letter vom 14.4.1864; Castel: Decision in the West, p. 93).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Clark, Achilles V.: Letters (Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville)

 

 

Clark, Almond E.:

US-Pvt; Co. C, 27th Regiment Connecticut Infantry (National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 3).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Clark, Almond E.: „A Yankee at Gettysburg – The Stand Made by the Remnant of the 27th Connecticut.“ National Tribune 10.10.1918

 

 

Clark, Atherton W.:

US-Major; at first Captain Co. E, 20th Regiment Maine Infantry; later Major (Co. F&S) (National Park Soldiers M543 Roll 4).

 

Clark came from Waldoboro/Maine, was a farmer und mustered in at the age of 36 (Desjardin: Stand Firm, p. 171).

 

 

Clark, Caroll Henderson:

CS-2ndLt; Co. I, 16th Regiment Tennessee Infantry; er trat als Pvt in das Regiment ein (National Park Soldiers M231 Roll 8; Castel: Decision in the West, p. 403).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Clark, Caroll Henderson: Memoir (Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville / Tennessee)

 

 

Clark, Charles:

CS-BrigGen; 1811-1877; im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh war Clark Divisionskommandeur der 1st Division I. Army Corps MajGen Leonidas Polk in A. S. Johnston's Army of the Mississippi. Teilnahme am Battle of Shiloh am 6.4.1862. Clark führte persön­lich den Angriff der 12th Tennessee Infantry und der 13th Tennessee Infantry am Morgen des 6.4.1862 über Rea Field auf Battery E 1st Illinois Light Artillery (Waterhouse’ Battery). Hierbei gelang es der 12th Tennessee Infantry zusammen mit der 13th Tennessee Infantry die 57th Ohio Infantry 500 Yards zurück zu treiben. Clark erlitt hierbei eine schwere Schulterwunde (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 168).

 

Clark erholte sich von seiner Verwundung, wurde jedoch vier Monate später im Battle von Baton Rouge erneut schwer verwundet und fiel in Kriegsgefangenschaft. Er war in der Folge auf die Benützung einer Krücke angewiesen. Aufgrund seiner Dienstunfähig­keit schied er nach seiner Freilassung aus der Army am 31.10.1863 aus und wurde im Spätjahr 1863 zum Governor von Mississippi gewählt. (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 168; Boatner, p. 156).

 

 

Clark, Charles A.:

US-Adjutant; Co. F&S, 6th Regiment Maine Infantry; prior Corporal Co. A (National Park Soldiers M543 Roll 4).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Clark, Charles A.: „Campaigning with the Sixth Maine“; in: Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, Iowa Com­mandary (Des Moines: Kenyon Press, 1879)

 

 

Clark, Charles H.:

US-2ndLt; Co.H, 20th Regiment Connecticut Infantry; he signed in Quartermaster Sergeant (Co. F&S) (National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 3). In the Regimental History of the 20th Regiment Connecticut Infantry he is named as 'C. A. Clark' (Storrs: 20th Connecticut Infantry, p. 43). Lt C. A. Clark, who had been promoted from the non-commissioned staff to a lieutenantcy in Co. H, was on 27.1.1863 detailed in the Quartermaster department and ordered to report at Corps headquarters (Storrs: 20th Connec­ticut Infantry, p. 43).

 

 

Clark, Charles M.:

US-Surgeon; Co. F&S, 39th Regiment Illinois Infantry (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll6); there mistakenly „Clarke“; the correct spelling „Clark“ see his book: Clark, Charles M.: The History of the Thirty-Ninth Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Clark, Charles M.: The History of the Thirty-Ninth Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865 (Chicago 1889, First Edition; Reprint Heritage Books); 419 pp, Index, Rosters, Photos and Illustrations

 

 

Clark, Edgar W.:

US-Pvt; in the beginning Pvt, Co. G, 3rd Regiment Michigan Infantry (1st Organization) (National Park Soldiers M545 Roll 8); later Co. F, 5th Regiment Infantry (National Park Soldiers M545 Roll 8).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Clark, Edgar W.: Letter to Wife, 9.4.1863, Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park, Manuscript Collection

 

 

Clark, Gardner B.:

US-Captain; Co. C, 1st US-Sharpshooters (Berdan’s Sharpshooters) (National Park Soldiers M1290 Roll 1); wounded Battle of Gettysburg (Stevens: Berdan’s US-Sharpshooters in the Army of the Potomac, p. 344); 1935 - † 8.5.1912, buried Oakhill Cemtery, Grand Rapids / Michigan; °° Jane Baxter Clark (findagrave.com, Abruf 9.10.2016).

 

 

Clark, George W.:

CS-Captain; Co. B, 11th Regiment Alabama Infantry (National Park Soldiers M374 Roll; Gottfried: Brigades of Gettysburg, p. 578 gives his rank as Pvt).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Clark, George: A Glance Backward, or Some Events in the Past History of My Life (Houston: Press of Rein & Sons Company, 1914)

- Clark, Georg: "Wilcox's Alabama Brigade at Gettysburg." Confederate Veteran 17 (1909): 229-230

 

 

Clark, Henry J. B.:

aus Washington/DC - † +++; CS-Col, Special Battalion North Carolina Militia.

 

Im Battle of New Bern am 13.3.1862 eingesetzt. BrigGen Branch positioned his troops to defend the line at Fort Thompson. On his left, between the fort and the Beaufort Road, he placed the 27th and 37th North Carolina (Col Charles C. *Lee). Colonel C. C. *Lee commanded the left wing. His right wing, led by Col. Reuben Campbell, consisted of the 7th North Carolina Infantry (Col. Reuben *Campbell) and 35th North Carolina, Latham’s and Brem’s batteries (minus one section), an independent company of infantry, and the militia battalion under Col. H. J. B. Clark. The right wing covered the area between Beaufort Road and the brick kiln on the rail­road. Extending Campbell’s wing to the right of the railroad were the 26th North Carolina, the 2nd North Carolina Cavalry, a section of Brem’s artillery, and “one or two detached companies.” The 33rd North Carolina served as Branch’s only reserve for his thinly spread front line (McGee, David H.: 26th North Carolina Regimental History, http://www.26nc.org/History/26th-Regimen­tal-History/26th, S.24).

 

OR 9, S. 268 No. 30. Report of Colonel H. J. B. Clark, Special Battalion North Carolina Militia.

HDQRS. NORTH CAROLINA MILITIA, SPECIAL BATTALION,

Kinston, N. C., March 17, 1862.

SIR: In compliance with your instructions, received at New Berne 9 p.m. March 13, to report to Colonel Campbell at his headquar­ters, at Fort Thompson breastworks, I respectfully report that I repaired forthwith to that place, accompanied by Major Joseph N. Jo­nes, but did not find Colonel Campbell.

Major Jones called at Colonel Vance's encampment and was informed there that Colonel Campbell had gone in the direction of New Berne.

Proceeding thence to New Berne, by way of Colonel Lee's encampment, went to Colonel Campbell's encampment, and reported, in his absence, to Lieutenant Colonel E. G. Haywood, who directed me to report for duty at the depot of the Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad in New Berne on the following day, 5 a.m. The company was promptly reported and left New Berne at 8 a.m., and arriving at the breastworks was assigned position.

On the following morning, March 14, my command was placed in line of battle, numbering 264,20 having been detailed for hospital duty and 45 to aid Lieutenant Hawks in mounting cannon on the right of the breastworks. These last were forced from the works by the enemy's sharpshooters and came to the ranks after the action commenced.

As soon as the firing commenced the ground in front of me was so obscured by smoke that I could see but a short distance, and as fi­ring had commenced on my left with guns of longer range, as soon as I thought the enemy within reach of my guns commenced the fire by file, which order was promptly obeyed with coolness and determination. After firing three rounds I commanded the fire to cease. Soon after the smoke cleared away and the enemy were plainly seen drawn up in force on our right, and a company of sharps­hooters commenced pouring a fire into our rear, doing considerable execution and causing confusion in my ranks, but an order to ral­ly and take position was promptly obeyed, and calmness restored by the assurance that you would soon send re-enforcements; but the fire was continued on us and with redoubled energy, while they (the enemy) crossed the railroad, took possession of the rifle pits on our right and rear, and planted the Stars and Stripes.

Previous to this, however, they had fire upon a reconnoitering party I sent in that direction and upon the quartermaster and teamsters I had sent to recover the ammunition.

I at once time intended to leave the breastworks and charge upon the enemy, and for this purpose caused bayonets to be fixed; but when I saw the sharpshooters were supported by so large a force of the enemy, concluded that such attempt would result in great loss of life to my command without being able to effect corresponding good to our cause, and just as Colonel Vance poured his first fire into the enemy, a panic seized my command and part of them broke ranks.

Believing it impossible to reform under the fire of these sharpshooters at this moment of confusion I commanded a retreat in order, which was succeeded by a stampede of most of command. As soon as they had reached a small brush-wood, perhaps 60 yards distant, I ordered a rally and reformation of the line, in which I was promptly aided by every officer present to my view and for the moment thought I should succeed, but the cry was made that the regulars had retreated; the panic was renewed and increased and my influ­ence as a commander gone.

A few, perhaps 20 in all, with their officers, rallied and volunteered to return and obey my orders; but believing it would involve a sa­crifice of life to them, being untutored, as we were, in the art of war, I declined to do so, and in my efforts to rally others to join them became separated from these.

In the retreat I joined you at the railroad crossing, when you proposed to rally and cover the retreat. There I rallied a squad of the Athens Guards and Cow Creek Volunteers, with most of their officers; but soon the retreating column came on and this joined with them.

Leaving you there I went, together with Adjutant Roberts and Lieutenant Mitchell, to burn the tents at Colonel Lee's encampment. From this point we went to Trent (Clairmont) Bridge and found Major Hall making an effort to reform a regiment, and at his request took position on the bridge, to prevent soldiers passing, and remained there until an officer, said to be Lieutenant Burrows, took char­ge. At the close of the day I parted with you at Tuscarora, having received orders to rally my command and report at this place.

I have made as accurate report to Colonel Campbell of the number of my command in action, of the number killed, wounded, and missing, as I could gather from the commanders of companies. It is believed there were certainly 4 killed and 15 wounded, and there are many missing.

Respectfully,

H. J. B. CLARK,

Colonel, Commanding.

Brigadier General L. O'B. BRANCH,

District of Pamlico.

 

Henry J. B. Clark kannte das Gefechtsgelände bestens. °° 4.10.1837mit Mathilda D. Clark (Tochter des Ziegelfabrikanten Elijah Clark). Elijah Clark owned one of the earliest brick companies. A large abandoned clay pit identified in The Whitford Papers, was lo­cated in New Bern near Lawson’s Creek. Elijah Clark’s daughter, Matilda D. Clark, married Henry J. B. Clark (not related) of Wa­shington, NC on October 4, 1837 in Craven County. Henry Clark also served as an officer in the Confederate army and saw action in the battle of New Bern. Henry and Matilda Clark are buried in the Cedar Grove cemetery in New Bern. Henry Clark supplied the brick for the First Baptist Church on Middle Street in New Bern in the 1840s. At some point before 1860, the brick making operation was moved to an area west of New Bern where clay was suitable and obtainable. This area eventually became known as Clarks. One of the earliest known records is the Guion Map of 1864, showing Clark’s brickyard, along the Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad, eight miles west of New Bern (aus http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com).

 

 

Clark, Hermon:

US-2ndLt; Co. D, 117th Regiment New York Infantry; im Alter von 24 J, Clark enrolled 8.8.1862 at Sangerfield, to serve three years; mustered in as a corporal, Co. D on 13.8.1862; promoted sergeant 15.1863, first sergeant 1.2.1865; mustered in as 2ndLt 16.3.1865; mustered out with company, 8.6.1865 at Raleigh/NC (Report of Adjutant-General of New York, p. 528, Roster 117th Regiment New York Infantry).

 

Clark served with the 117th for 34 months and wrote 72 letters in which he reported his experi­ences of the war and battle fighting with the 117th at Bermuda Hundred, Drewry's Bluff, Petersburg, Fort Fisher, Charleston, and Wilmington.

 

Documents/Literature:

- Clarke, Hermon: Back Home in Oneida: Hermon Clarke and his Letters (Syracuse Univ, 1965); edited by Harry Jackson and Tom O'Donnell; 212 pp; Maps; Photos

 

 

Clark, J. Lyle:

s. J. Lyle Clarke

 

 

Clark, James Lemuel:

CS-Soldat (Josephy: The Civil War in the American West, p. 35)

 

Documents/Literature:

- Clark, James Lemuel: Civil War Recollections, ed. by L. D. Clark, Texas (A & M University Press, College Station, 1984)

 

 

Clark, John B.:

US-Col; Vorkriegszeit Pfarrer der Presbyterian Church. Regimentskommandeur 123rd Pennsylvania Infantry. Das Regiment gehörte seit Frühjahr 1862 zur Brigade von BrigGen Henry Shaw Briggs, und seit Herbst 1862 zur Division von BrigGen Andrew Atchinson Humphreys; Teilnahme am Angriff auf den Stonewall im Battle von Fredericksburg (Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, p. 84, 99).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Pennsylvania Gazette vom 25.12.1862: "Letter from Col Clark"

 

 

Clark, John Bullock sen.:

CS-BrigGen (Missouri State Guard); 17.4.1802 in Madison County, Ky - 28.10.1881 in Frankfort; Sohn von Benett Clark und Mar­tha Bullock Clark; Neffe von Kentucky Governor James Clark und von Virginia Congressman Christopher Clark; die Familie zog 1818 nach Missouri; Studium der Jurisprudenz in Fayette, Howard County, Mo., anschließend erfolgreicher Rechtsanwalt; Politiker aus Missouri; Clark war 1823-25 County Treasurer; Clerk des County Court 1824-34 und State Representative 1850-51; 1840 kandi­dierte Clark für die Whig-Partei als Governor; später trat er aus der Whig-Party aus wegen deren Haltung in der Sklavenfrage und wurde Proslavery Democrat; für die Demokratische Partei wurde Clark 1857-1861 als Abgeordneter in den US-Congress ge­wählt; in der Vorkriegszeit MajGen der Missouri State Guard; Col. während des Black Hawk War; nach Kriegsausbruch BrigGen Missouri State Guard und Kommandeur im 3. Militärbezirk von Missouri 1861-62 (Allardice: More Generals in Grey, p. 59-60); Clark kämpf­te bei Booneville (17.6.1861) und Wilson's Creek (10.8.1861) (Allardice: More Generals in Grey, p. 59-60; Brooksher: Bloody Hill, p. 82); zum Abgeordneten im Confederate Provisional Congress (Brooksher: Bloody Hill, p. 82; Boatner, p. 156); Clark gewann die Wahlen zum First Confederate Senate und Second Confederate House; Streitigkei­ten mit dem im Exil befindlichen Missouri-Gouver­neur Thomas *Reynolds führten zu Niederlage Clark's bei der erneuten Kandida­tur zum CS-Senat. Clark wurde allerdings gegen den Widerstand Reynold's mit den Stimmen der Truppen von General Sterling Pri­ce's Army erneut in das Confederate House of Repre­sentatives gewählt, wobei Price, ein entschiedener Gegner von Reynold's, Clark of­fen unterstützte. Clark blieb bis Kriegsende Abge­ordneter in Richmond. Die US-Regierung setzte 1865 eine Prämie von 10000$ für die Ergreifung Clark's aus, dem jedoch die Flucht nach Mexiko gelang. Als er in der Annahme der Begnadigung sich zur Rückkehr entschloß und in Texas die Grenze überschritt, wur­de Clark sofort festgenommen und in Fort Jackson inhaftiert. Mögli­cherweise von Präsident Johnson begnadigt, kehrte Clark erst 1870 nach Missouri zurück. Anschließend erneut Rechtsanwalt in Fa­yette, Mo. In den Wahlen zum US-Congress 1873 unterlag Clark gegen seinen eigenen Sohn John Bullock *Clark jun

 

Photos:

- Allardice: More Generals in Grey, p. 59 (Zeichnung)

 

Documents/Literature:

- Allardice: More Generals in Grey, p. 59-61

- Brooksher: Bloody Hill, p. 82, 87, 91, 96, 113, 213, 223

- Warner, Ezra J. and W. Buck Yearns: Biografical Register of the Confederate Congress (Baton Rouge, 1975); S. 49

- Stevens, Walter B.: Centennial History of Missouri (4 vols.; St. Louis, 1921); S. 859-60

 

 

Clark, John Bullock jr.:

CS-BrigGen; 1831-1903; aus Missouri; Sohn von John B. Clark; Graduate Missouri University, dann Harvard Law School; Rechts­anwalt; Lt in der Missouri State Guard; er befehligte eine Milizeinheit im Battle of Wilson's Creek; danach CS-Captain 6th Missouri Infantry; als CS-Major Teilnahme an den Schlachten Carthage (5.7.1861) und Springfield (25.10.1861). Col seit 1862; Brigadekomm­andeur im Battle von Pea Ridge; CS-BrigGen 6.3.1864, eingesetzt unter Marmaduke und Shelby. Nachkriegszeit Rechtsan­walt und Abgeordneter im US-Congress 1873-83

 

 

Clark, Joseph C.:

US-Captain; im Frühjahr 1862 war Clark Batteriechef der Battery E 4th US-Artillery; eingesetzt im Battle of Kernstown am 23.3.1862 (LtCol Philipp *Daum's Report OR 12 [I] 359).

 

 

Clark, Leach:

US-+++, 36th Illinois Infantry

 

Documents/Literature:

- Clark, Leach: "Dreams that Came to Pass: A Thirty-Sixth Illinois Soldier's Dream and Its Strange Fulfillment." Bivouac 2 (1884)

 

 

Clark, Myron:

US-Sergeant, Co. I, 14th Regiment Vermont Infantry (National Park Soldiers M557 Roll 13).

 

 

Clark, Nathan S.:

US-First Sergeant; Co. H, 20th Regiment Maine Infantry mustered in as Pvt (National Park Soldiers M543 Roll 4; Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, p. 225n36).

 

Clark came from Masardis/Maine, was a farmer by profession and mustered in at the age of 24 (Desjardin: Stand Firm, p. 171); he was married (Desjardin: Stand Firm, p. 7).

 

Nathan S. Clark's diary claims, Col Josua Chamberlain gave the order of the last attack on Little Round Top, but his is clearly not a diary but a journal, written saome time after the battle and most likely after Chamberlain's report became public (Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, p. 225n36).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Clark Nathan S.: Diary; Maine State Archives, Augusta/Maine

 

 

Clark, Richard:

CS-Captain; Co D, 4th Regiment Alabama Infantry (National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 9); dropped 21.4.1862

 

 

Clark, Robert jr:

CS-+++; 20th Louisiana Infantry (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 167 i.V.m. S. 354 n5).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Clark, Robert jr.: “The New Orleans German Colony in the Civil War.” Louisiana Historical Quarterly, vol. XX (October 1937), S. 990-1015

 

 

Clark, Robert H.:

US-Pvt; Co. B, 7th Regiment Maine Infantry (National Park soldiers M543 Roll 4; Coco: Killed in Action, p. 9).

 

1.7.1863 Westminster / Maryland, in the night to 1.7.1863 after suffering from a sunstroke on the march, buried 1.7.1863 West­minster (Coco: Killed in Action, p. 9-10).

 

 

Clark, Thomas:

US-Pvt; 56th New York Infantry

 

Documents/Literature:

- Carr, James: Letters, 1862. Soldier in the 56th New York Regiment. Collection consists of two letters written by Carr and Thomas Clark, also of the 56th New York Regiment, in June 1862 from near the Chickahominy River, Virginia. Both letters are to a man na­med Robert. Carr's letter describes in detail the regiment's involvement in the Battle of Fair Oaks and Seven Oaks. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide - Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Depart­ment of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 90-035).

 

 

Clark, Walter McK.:

CS-Major; Co. F&S, 1st Regiment North Carolina Junior Reserves (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 7); prior Adjutant, Co. F&S, 35th Regi­ment North Carolina Infantry (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 7).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Brooks, Aubrey L.: Walter Clark, Fighting Judge (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1944)

- **Clark, Walter: The Papers of Walter Clark, ed. Aubrey Lee Brooks and Hugh Talmage Lefler, 2 vols. (Chapel Hill, 1948-50)

- **Clark, Walter: Papers, 1783-1920. 8000 items. This collection is very informative on the Graham-Swain mission to General Sher­man as well as the North Carolina Junior Reserves oh which Clark was a member (Barrett: Sherman's March through the Carolinas, p. 282). Manuscript Division, North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh / North Carolina

- **Clark, Walter: "General Pettigrew"; Confederate Veteran 28 (Vol. 1920), S. 413-415

- ** Clark, Walter (ed.): Histories of several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina, in the Great War 1861-65, Written by Mem­bers of the Respektive Commands, 5 vols, Raleigh and Goldsboro: State of North Carolina, 1901

 

 

Clark, William:

Führer der *Lewis and Clark Expedition; Governor des Missouri Territoriums 1813-20, lebte in St. Louis bis zu seinem Tod 1838. 1820 kandidierte Clark erfolglos für das Amt des Governors des neuen Bundesstaats Missouri, unterlag jedoch Alexander McNair; Freund der Eltern der Julia *Grant Dent.

 

 

Clark, William T.:

US-++General;

 

 

Clarke, G. W.:

Indianeragent in Kansas 1854; Head of the Border Ruffians (Starr, Jennison's Jayhawkers, p. 8).

 

 

Clarke, George W.:

US-Major; quartermaster at Fort Smith (Sebastian County)

 

Documents/Literature:

- George W. Clarke: Statement and settlement of accounts, 1861-1862; 1 roll. Statement analysis of the account of Major George W. Clarke, quartermaster at Fort Smith (Sebastian County), pointing out and explaining errors and discrepancies. Microfilm copy of ori­ginal documents held by the National Archives, Record Group 109, Collection of Confederate Records (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayette­ville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Clarke, Hermon:

s. Hermon *Clark

 

 

Clarke, Isaak L.:

US-LtCol; Co. G, 96th Regiment Illinois Infantry; zunächst Captain (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 16); Clarke stammte Waukegan, Lake County/Illinois; er hatte bei der Aufstellung des Regiment die Co. G aufgestellt, war deren Captain und wurde bei den Offizierswah­len nach der Aufstellung des Regiments im August 1861 zum LtCol gewählt (Partridge, Charles A.: History of the Ninety-sixth Regiment Ill. Vol. Inf., p. 31).

 

Clarke war in der Vorkriegszeit Schullehrer gewesen (Partridge, Charles A.: History of the Ninety-sixth Regiment Ill. Vol. Inf., p. 57).

 

Photo:

- Partridge, Charles A.: History of the Ninety-sixth Regiment Ill. Vol. Inf., nach S. 32

 

 

Clarke, J. Lyle:

CS-LtCol; Co. B., Weston's Battalion Maryland Infantry (National Park Soldiers M379 Roll 1); später 21st Regiment Virginia Infant­ry (Hinweis bei National Park Soldiers M379 Roll 1). CS-Captain, Co. B, 21st Regiment Virginia Infantry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 11). Später CS-LtCol, Co. F&S, 30th Battalion Virginia Sharpshooters (Clarke's) (National Park Sol­diers M382 Roll 11).

 

Die Schreibweise seines Nachnamens ist unterschiedlich: Clarke bzw. Clark (Goldsborough: The Maryland Line in the Confede­rate Army, p. 9).

 

Clark stellte 1861 in Richmond eine Company aus Marylandern auf, die nach Virginia geflohen waren; diese Einheit wurde als Co. B in das 21st Regiment Virginia Infantry übernommen (Goldsborough: The Ma­ryland Line in the Confede­rate Army, p. 9-10).

 

 

Clarke, John W.:

CS-Major; im Juli 1863 war Clarke als engineer officer im Stab von James Longstreet's First Corps. Am frühen Morgen des 2.7.1863 in der Morgendämmerung wurde Captain Samuel R. Johnston, ein Engineer aus dem Stab von Gen Lee, von Gen Lee beauftragt, „to reconnoiter along the enemy's left and return as soon as possible“ (zitiert ohne Quellengabe bei Tru­deau: Gettysburg, S. 279). Begin­ning at 4 A.M., Johnston rode over the ground between Willoughby Run and Marsh Creek leading east toward Emmitsburg Pike. He examined the terrain between the pike and the Round Tops, rode over the slopes and over the crest of these knobs [Anm.: diese waren also am Morgen des 2.7.1863 noch nicht von US-Truppen besetzt], crossed the Slyder farm, and returned. When rea­ching headquar­ters, General Lee „was surprised of my getting so far“. Gen Lee ordered Captain Johnston to join Longstreet's column on its march to the right wing of Lee's army of Northern Virginia (Gallagher [ed.]: The Second Day at Gettysburg, p. 71. Er wurde begleitet von Ma­jor John J. *Clarke, einem engineer officer aus Longstreet's Stab (Tru­deau: Gettysburg, S. 279).

 

 

Clarke, Robert:

US-Lt; Co. M&A, 2nd Regiment United States Artillery (Regular Army); Battery A – Reporting at Culpeper, Virginia as of October 31, 1863 with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles.  That location was valid for the end of September.  But, we know from the war’s chronolo­gy on Halloween of that year Battery A was in Fauquier County north of the Rappahannock, having returned from a brisk march on the Bristoe Campaign.  Lieutenant Robert Clarke (Battery M) replaced Lieutenant John H. Calef after Gettysburg.  The Battery re­mained with Second Brigade, Horse Artillery (https://markerhunter.wordpress.com/tag/robert-clarke/, Abruf v. 12.4.2018).

 

The battery 'A' was commanded by Capt. Tidball until June, 1863; by Lieut. Calef at Gettysburg; by Lieut. Clarke until June, 1864; by Lieut. Dennison until February, 1865; then, until after the surrender, by Lieut. Lord (Lieut. W. A. Simpson: The Second Regiment of Artillery, p. 321, https://history.army.mil/books/R&H/R&H-2Art.htm).

 

Photo:

- Thomas: Cannons, p. 69: Thomas wrongfully states: „Officers of Battery A, 2nd US-Artillery photographed in the vicinity of Fair Oaks, Va. In June 1862“ (left Lt Robert Clarke); Clarke was transferred to Co. A after Gettysburg 1863; prior he was Lt Co. M

 

 

Clarke, William L.:

CS-LtCol; 6th Kentucky Infantry (Davis: Orphan Brigade, p. 222; Johnston: Confederate Military History of Ken­tucky, p. 161). Col W. L. Clarke aus der berühmten *Orphan Brigade lebte in der Nachkriegszeit in Nashville Tennessee (Confederate Veteran, vol. 1 (1893), S. 6).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Clarke, W. L. (Orphan Brigade): „Reunion of Hanson's Kentucky Brigade“; in Confederate Veteran (1893), vol. 1, S. 6

 

 

Clary, Robert E.:

US-BrigGen: From Mass. c. 1805-9,0. USMA 1828 (13/33); Inf.-Q.M. He served on the frontier and in the Seminole War and was Chief Q.M. of the Dept. of W. Va, Nov. '61-July '62. Holding the same position in the Army of Va. until Oct. '62 and in the Dept. of the Northwest until 20 Mar. 1863, he was promoted Co!. Add. A.D.C. 5 July '62 and Lt. Co!. Deputy Q.M. Gen. 15 Apr. '64. He was in the Q.M. Gen.'s of­fice until 24 Aug '64, when he took charge of the Memphis Depot until 1866. Continuing in the R.A., he was retired in 1869 as Col. and breveted B.G. USA (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 157).

 

In Summer 1862 Col Robert E. Clary was responsible for Railroads of Pope's Army of Virginia. For this condition Pope blamed the nonfunctioning railroads, the army's lifeline. During the summer the roads had been under the command of Colori.el Herman "Haupt, a first-rate railroad man and engineer from Massachusetts. But Pope thought Haupt and his services unnecessary and sent him home. That left control of the roads to the army's Quartermaster, Col Robert E. Clary. Clary was not up to the job; he was "too old and easy," Pope later said. Officers along the. road interfered with traffic at their whim. Schedules were ignored. By mid-August traffic on the Orange and Alexandria ground to a halt. Pope concluded that the management of the railroad was "wretched and inefficient." He swallowed .hard and asked the government to return Haupt to the job. "Come back immediately," Washington telegraphed Haupt, "cannot get along without you; not a wheel moving on any of the roads." It would take some time for Haupt to get the railroads working again - to get supplies flowing smoothly - and .in the meantime the soldiers took to the fields to squeeze the last morsels of nutrition out of Culpeper County (Hennessy: Return zo Bull Run, p. 39; Haupt: Reminiscenses p. 69-70).

 

 

Clay, Cassius Marcellus:

US-MajGen; 1803-1910; Clay war in der Vorkriegszeit ein antislavery Verleger und Politiker in Kentucky in Lexington. Er verteidig­te seine Firma mit zwei Kanonen und durch seinen Ruf als erfolgreicher Duellant. Schließlich montierten während einer Abwesenheit seine Gegner (Kentucky war Sklavenhalterstaat) Clay's Druckerpresse ab und verschifften sie nach Cincinnati (Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother, p. 39). Bei Kriegsausbruch stellte er Clay's Battalion auf (Burlingame/Ettlinger: Inside Lincoln's White Hou­se. The Complete Civil War Diary of John Hay, p. 270 Anm. 5); am 28.4.1861 zum US-Botschafter in Rußland er­nannt, verzögerte er seine Abreise, um Truppen zur Verteidigung Washingtons aufzustellen. MajGen USV seit 11.4.1862 kehrte er im Juni 1862 in die USA aus Rußland zurück; resigned am 11.3.1863 und kehrte als Botschafter auf seinen Posten zurück, wo er Bot­schafter bis 1869 war. Nach seiner Rückkehr war er politisch aktiv als Mitglied des Liberal Republican Movement 1872; er unter­stützte Horace Gree­ley's Präsidentschaftskandidatur und griff Grant's Regierung an. Cousin von Henry *Clay.

 

 

Clay, Clement C.:

CS-Agent; früherer US-Senator aus Alabama; Clay traf am 5.1.1861 zur Vorbereitung des CS-Gründungskongresses vom Februar 1861 und zur Vorbereitung der Entscheidung über die Sezession mit Jefferson *Davis, Albert G. *Brown u.a. anderen zusammen (Da­vis: A Government of Our Own, p. 13).

 

Clay was an old friend of President Jefferson Davis (Davis: Jefferson Davis, p. 605).

 

Clay leitete eine Gruppe im CS-War Department, die Jacob *Thompson bei den Geheimdienstaktionen in Kanada ab 1864 unterstütz­te (Tidwell, April 65 - Confederate Covert Action, p. 32). Nach McPherson (Für die Freiheit sterben, p. 752) war Clement neben Ja­cob *Thompson in Canada eingesetzt, um von dort aus den Norden zu unterwandern und die Kriegsgegner in der Wahl von 1864 zu stärken, insb. durch Einschleusung von Agenten in die *Copperhead-Gruppen.

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Clay, Clement C.: Papers; Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery

- **Clay, Clement C.: Papers, National Archives Washington DC

- **Clay, Clement C.: Papers, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

- **Kinchen, Oscar A.: Confederate Operations in Canada and the North, North Quincy, Mass., 1970

- **Klement, Frank L.: The Limits of Dissent: Clement L. Vallandigham and the Civil War (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1970)

- **Klement, Frank L.: The Copperheads of the Middle West (Chicago: Chicago University of Chicago Press, 1960)

- **Klement, Frank L.: Dark Lanterns. Secret Political Societies, Conspiracies, and Treason Trials in the Civil War, Baton Rouge, 1984 (McPherson: Für die Freiheit, S. 943 Anm. 25 beurteilt Klements Auffassung wie folgt: Klement, der führende Historiker der *Cop­perheads, hält die meisten Beweise für deren heimliche Komplizenschaft mit den Rebellen für ein Gespinst aus "Gerüchten, Vermu­tungen und freie Erfindung", das von den Republikanern aus politischen Gründen in die Welt gesetzt worden sei. Aber auch Klement räumt ein, daß mehrere Friedensdemokraten 1864 von Agenten der Konföderation Geld und Waffen bekommen haben)

- Tidwell, April 1865 - Confederate Covert Action,

- Thompson, Jacob: Bericht an Judah Benjamin vom 3.12.1864, in: OR Ser. 1 Vol. XLIII, Tl. 2, S. 930-936

 

 

Clay, Henry:

US-Senator aus Kentucky; +++-1852; er vertrat einen Staat im Senat, in dem sich Sklavenhalter und Abolitionisten die Waage hiel­ten; Clay war ein bedeutender Mediator, der sog. "Great Pacificator" der mit seinen berühmten Kompromissen von 1820 und 1833 und erneut in der Krise der 50er Jahre (ausgelöst durch die "Wilmot Proviso" (Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother, p. 42, 44) den Süden beschwichtigen und mit dem Norden zum Ausgleich bringen wollte. Clay war Nationalist und trat gegen die Sezessionist­en für die Einheit der Union ein (McPherson, Für die Freiheit sterben, p. 63; Davis, William C.: Brother against Brot­her. The War Begins, p. 33). Der Vorschlag Clay's, daß von den neuen Bundesstaaten Kalifornien sklavenfrei, der von Mexico eroberte Bereich dagegen die Sklavenhaltung erlauben sollte, wurde 1850 Gesetz. Clay rettete 1850 hierdurch die Union und vermied Sezession und Bürgerkrieg (Davis, William C.: Brother against Brot­her, p. 45). Clay, dessen Kompromiß von 1850 die Nation wieder vereint hatte, kandidierte erfolglos fünfmal als Präsidentschaftsbe­werber und wurde jedesmal geschlagen. Cousin von Cassius Marcellus *Clay.

 

Along with Lincoln, Clay stands as the most remarkable American of his century (Davis: Orphan Brigade, p. 3).

 

Photos:

- Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother. The War Begins, p. 34

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, p. 53

- Thompson, Jacob: Bericht an Judah Benjamin vom 3.12.1864, in: OR Ser. 1 Vol. XLIII, Tl. 2, S. 930-936

 

 

Clay-Clopton, Virginia Caroline Tunstall:

Ehefrau von Senator Clement C. Clay; 16.1.1825 Nash County, NC - † 23.1.1915 Madison County, Huntsville, Alabama, buried Maple Hill Cemetery Huntsville, Block 13 Row 9 (Photo www.findagrave). I Clement C. Clay († 1882); ∞ II 1887 David *Clopton

 

She knew everyone and everyone knew her. A wealthy belle, married to prominent legislator, Clement Clay, she became one of Wa­shington, D.C.'s great hostesses. This is as witty, gossipy, fashionable, and gritty a tale of antebellum Washington as you'll ever read. As her biographical researcher stated: "I have come upon no record of any other woman of her time who has filled so powerful a place politically, whose belleship has been so long sustained, or whose magnetism and compelling fascinations have swayed others so universally as have those of Mrs. Clay-Clopton." When the American Civil War came, however, she and her husband transferred their loyalty, services, and her "belleship" to the south. She describes in wonderful detail her life in Washington, the sorrows and pri­vations of the war, and her husband's incarceration after the war during his life-threatening illness. Once the war was over, Virginia Clay was right back in the midst of high society in Washington. She took her plea for her husband's release personally to Secretary of War Stanton, Lieutenant-General Grant, and right into the office of President Andrew Johnson. Old northern friends embraced her warmly and she was astonished to be welcomed back into social circles.

 

Photo:

- Archiv Ref, Bilder Amer. Civil War

 

Literature:

- Clay-Clopton, Virginia: A Belle of the Fifties. Memoirs of Mrs. Clay of Alabama (New York, 1905)

 

 

Clayton, Alexander M.:

CS-Politiker aus Mississippi; Delegierter auf dem CS-Gründungskongress vom Februar 1861 in Montgomery / Alabama (Davis: A Government of Our Own, p. 15, 29).

 

 

Clayton, Powell:

US-BrigGen; US-Col 5th Kansas Cavalry (US). Clayton was born in Bethel in Delaware County in Pennsylvania, to John and Ann Glover Clayton. He was a direct descendent of William Clayton, originally from ChichesterEngland.[1] Clayton the immigrant was a close friend of George Fox, founder of the Quakers, and William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania. John Clayton was an orchard kee­per and carpenter. John and Ann Clayton had ten children in all; six died in infancy. The young Clayton attended a private military academy in Bristol, Pennsylvania, north of Philadelphia. He later attended engineering school at Wilmington, Delaware.He moved to Kansas in 1855 and served as an engineer at Leavenworth, Kansas. On April 29, 1861, he is recorded as having a company of militia at Fort Leavenworth. His brothers William and John followed him to the West and, at one point, they all worked in Arkan­sas (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Powell_Clayton).

 

In May 1861 Clayton was formally mustered into the Union Army as a captain of the 1st Kansas Infantry. In December 1861, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel of the 5th Kansas Cavalry and later to colonel in March 1862. During the war he served primarily in Arkansas and Missouri, fighting in several battles in those states. Occupation of Pine Bluff: During the morning and early afternoon of October 25, 1863, Clayton commanded federal troops occupying Pine Bluff, Arkansas. He successfully repulsed a three-pronged confederate attack of the forces of General John S. Marmaduke. His troops had piled cotton bales around the Pine Bluff courthouse and surrounding streets to make a barricade for the Union defenders, and it worked. Confederate losses were 41 killed, wounded, and captured. Clayton was appointed a brigadier general of volunteers on August 1, 1864 (http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Powell_ Clayton).

 

In 1868 Clayton was elected as the first Republican governor of Arkansas. His tenure was marked by soaring state debt (despite a state surplus when he took office), corruption, and violence. He was forced to declare martial law at the beginning of his term becau­se of racial tensions. Many members of his administration, and colleagues in his party were charged with corruption while he was go­vernor. Clayton was impeached by the legislature but was never formally convicted of a crime.[citation needed] He was reportedly involved with the tampering of a US Senate election between Thomas Boles and John Edwards; at the time the office was filled by election by the state legislature. Clayton was not convicted of any charges.[citation needed] His administration is mainly blamed for the Brooks–Baxter War. He worked with the legislature to improve the infrastructure in Arkansas: building railroads and new levees, as well as replacing levees destroyed during the war. While these improvements temporarily increased the debt, they were needed in­vestment for a state that had been underdeveloped before the war. The legislature established free public schools for the first time and funded the construction of some buildings. Because so little public investment had been made before, financing such projects was controversial. Clayton was persuaded to resign and accept election to the United States Senate after trying to ensure that the state would be stable under the appointment of an acting governor. While in the Senate, he worked with President Grant and his brother, William H.H. Clayton, the US Attorney in Arkansas, to have Judge Isaac Parker reassigned from Utah to Fort Smith, Arkansas, a frontier area with a high rate of violence and crime. The legendary “Hanging Judge,” along with U.S. Attorney Clayton, are credited with bringing law and order to the region. W.H.H. Clayton was later instrumental in bringing statehood to Oklahoma (http://en.wiki­pedia.org/ wiki/ Powell_ Clayton).

Clayton was appointed as ambassador to Mexico in 1897 by President McKinley and served in that position until 1905.

Photo:

Clayton als 9th Governor of Arkansas

 

 

Clayton, William B.:

CS-Pvt; Parker's Company Virginia Light Artillery (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 11) bzw. Surry Light Artillery (Co. I, 3rd Re­giment Virginia Infantry) Jo­nes: Under the Stars and Bars: Surry Light Artillery of Virginia, p. 30); dann Pvt Co. F, 13th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 52); Clayton gehörte zunächst zur Surry Light Artillery, which was organized as infantry and assigned to Co. I, 3rd Regiment Virginia Infantry Anfang August 1861 (Jo­nes: Under the Stars and Bars: Surry Light Ar­tillery of Virginia, p. 9, 11). Im Frühjahr 1862 wurde er auf seinen Wunsch versetzt zur Surry Cavalry (= Company G, 13th Regiment Virginia Cavalry); Clayton served usefully for a time as scout, a difficult and dangerous duty. He received a severe wound, from which he never fully recovered, and died a year or two after the close of war (Jo­nes: Un­der the Stars and Bars: Surry Light Artillery of Virginia, p. 30).

 

 

Clayton, William Henry Harrison:

US-Clerk; Company Clerk for the 19th Iowa Infantry; Clayton participated in the siege of Vicksburg and attack on Mobile. Details of the fighting at Prairie Grove where the 19th sustained the heaviest casualties of any Union regiment. Captured at Stirling's Plantati­on, Clayton spent 10 months in the Confederate prison at Camp Ford, Texas.

 

Documents/Literature:

- Clayton, William H.: A Damned Iowa Greyhound: The Civil War Letters of William Henry Harrison Clayton (Univ of Iowa Press); 236 pp; Photos

 

 

Cleburne, Patrick R.:

CS-MajGen; zur unterschiedlichen Schreibweise des Namens (Cleeburne, Clayburne, Claiborne) Hay: Pat Cleburne - Stonewall of the West; in: Buck Cleburne an his Command, p. 13 Anm. 1). Cleburne war der höchstrangige Ire auf beiden Seiten (Wiley, Vorwort zu Buck: Cleburne an his Command, p. 7). Geboren in Cork/Irland am 17.3.1828; studierte im Trinity College Dublin; als 17jähriger Soldat im 41st Regiment der British Army, zuletzt als Corporal bis 1849; im Dezember 1849 nach Amerika ausgewandert; wohnhaft in Helena/Arkansas, studierte Jura, seit 1856 Rechtsanwalt; zunächst glühender Anhänger der Whig-Partei, schloß er sich nach eini­gen Jahren den Democrats an (Hay: "Cleburne, Stonewall of the West"; Einführung zu Buck: "Cleburne and his Command", p. 19 f). Im Frühjahr 1861 wurde er Soldat in der CS-Army zunächst als Private, im Mai 1861 zum Colonel der 15th Arkansas Infantry ge­wählt, seit 4.3.1862 BrigGen und Brigadekommandeur in Hardee's Division in Al­bert Sidney Johnston's Kentucky Army; seit 13.12. 1862 Divisionskommandeur und MajGen.

 

Im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh gehörte *Cleburne's 2nd Brigade zum III. Army Corps MajGen William J. Hardee in A. S. Johnston's Army of the Mississippi. Die Brigade bestand aus folgenden Regimentern:

- 15th Arkansas Infantry Lt A. K. *Patton

- 6th Mississippi Infantry Col John J. *Thornton

- 2nd Tennessee Infantry Col W. B. *Bate

- 5th (later 35th) Tennessee Infantry Col Benjamin *Hill

- 23rd Tennessee Infantry LtCol James F. *Neill

- 24th Tennessee Infantry LtCol Thomas H *Peeples

- Shoup's Artillery Battalion:

- Trigg's Arkansas Battery Captain J. T. Trigg

- Calvert's Arkansas Battery

 

Cleburne's Vorschlag, in der CS-Army Regimenter von Farbigen aufzustellen, führte zu spürbaren Nachteilen in seiner Karriere (Be­arss, Edwin: Vorwort zu: Weaver, C. P. [ed.]: Thank God my Regiment is an African One: The Civil War Diary of Colonel Nathan W. Daniels (Louisiana State University Press, 1998; Taschenbuchausgabe 2000); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik131, S. ix)

 

Februar 1864 ist Cleburne Divisionskommandeur der Cleburne Division in der Army of the Tennessee (Castel, Decision in the West, p. 49/50) während der Atlanta Campaign

 

Photos:

- Buck: Cleburne an his Command, Vorblatt

 

Documents/Literature:

- Bearss, Edwin C.: "Patrick R. Cleburne: Stonewall Jackson of the West" (++++, 1953)

Benham, Calhoun: "Major-Gen. P. R. Cleburne, A Biographie," Kennesaw Gazette, 15.1.1889, S. 2

- Benham, Calhoun (Maj CSA) Papers: veröffentlicht in the "Kennesaw Gazette" Ausgaben v. 1.1.-15.1.1889 (Benham war Stabschef in Cleburne's Division und beschrieb nur die Zeit, während der er unter Cleburne diente: vom Battle of Murfreesboro bis zum Ende der Atlanta Campaign (Buck: Cleburne and his Command, Vorbemerkung von Hay, p. 19

- Brown, Norman D., ed.: One of Cleburne’s Command: The Civil War Reminiscenses and Diary of Capt. Samuel T. Foster, Granbu­ry’s Texas Brigade, CSA. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1980

- *Buck, Irving (Captain C.S.A.): "Cleburne and his Command" und Thomas Robson Hay: "Pat Cleburne: Stonewall of the West"; Morningside Reprint 1985 (Bucks Werk wurde originally published in 1908, 1958 neu herausgegeben und mit Vorwort "Pat Cleburne - Stonewall of the West" versehen durch Thomas R. Hay ) mit Vorwort v. Bell Irvin Wiley, Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik+++++

- Buck, Irving A.: "Cleburne and His Division ar Missionary Ridge and Ringgold Gap," Southern Historical Society Papers, VIII, S. 464-75

- Cleburne, Patrick R.: "Battle Reports" aus OR, mit Ausnahme von Shiloh und Perryville: abgedruckt in: Buck: Cleburne and his Command, p. 311-358

- Cleburne, Patrick R.: Papers 1823-1901; 22 items. Personal correspondence between Major General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne and family members and military officers. Post-war documents are primarily letters from family members and pages from the Cleburne family Bible. Cleburne, an Irish immigrant who settled in Helena (Phillips County), rose from the ranks during the course of the Civil War and was killed in the battle of Franklin, Tennessee, 1864. Five of the letters in this collection were published by Richard Howell Purdue and Elizabeth Purdue in "Pat Cleburne: Confederate General: A Definitive Biography" (Hillsboro, Texas: Hill Junior College Press, 1973); in Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

- Douglas, W. F.: "A Sketch of MajGen. Patrick R. Cleburne," in: The Land We Love 2 (1867), S. 460

- Hardee, William J.: "A Sketch of General Patrick R. Cleburne," Southern Historical Society Papers, XXXI (Richmond 1903)

- Hardee, William J.: Biographical Sketch of Major-General Patrick R. Cleburne; in: Southern Historical Society Papers, XXI (1903)

- Hardee, William J.: "MajGen. Patrick R. Cleburne," Confederate Veteran 12 (1904), S. 17

- Hardee, William J.: in: The Confederate Veteran, XII (Nashville, 1904), S. 17

- Joslyn, Mauriel P.: A Meteor Shining Brightly: Essays on Major General Patrick R. Cleburne (Terrell House 1997); 310 pp; Fore­word by Wiley Sword; Notes; Photos; Index - Nash, Charles E.: Biographical Sketches of General Pat Cleburne and General T. C. Hindman, together with numerous Anecdotes and Reminiscenses of the late Civil War (Morningside: Dayton, 1997 - Reprint of 1898)

- **Nash, Charles Edward: Biographical Sketches of Gen. Pat Cleburne and Gen. T. C. Hindman (Dayton: Press of the Morningside Bookshop, 1977)

- Purdue, Howell and Elizabeth: Patrick Cleburne, Confederate General (Hillsboro, Texas: Hill Junior College Press, 1973)

- Symonds, Craig L.: Stonewall of the West: Patrick Cleburne & the Civil War (University Press of Kansas, 1997)

 

 

Clem, John:

US-Pvt; Co. C, 22nd Regiment Michigan Infantry; er trat als Musician in das Regiment ein (National Park Soldiers M545 Roll 8). Clem trat im Alter von 9 (!) Jahren als Musician in das Regiment ein (Coco: Civil War Infantryman, p. 7).

 

 

Clements, George S.:

US-Sergeant; Co. H, 25th Regiment Ohio Infantry (National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 19).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Clements, George S..“The 25th Ohio at Gettysburg.“ National Tribune 6.8.1891

 

 

Clendenning, George W.:

US-Corporal; Co. I, 176th Regiment New York Infantry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 25).

 

 

Clendenning, Jonathan M.:

US-Chaplain; Co. K, 96th Regiment Illinois Infantry; er trat als Pvt in das Regiment ein (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 16). Clendenning war als Pvt in das Regiment (Co. K) eingetreten, but had been (im Oktober 1862; err.) appointed Chaplain of the regim­ent (Partridge: History of the Ninety-sixth Regiment Ill. Vol. Inf., p. 38, 69).

 

 

Cleveland, Marshall:

US-Captain; Co. H, 7th Regiment Kansas Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M542 Roll 2).

 

Cleveland stammte aus New York State; sein richtiger Name war Charles Metz; Cleveland zog nach Missouri, wo er unter dem Na­men Moore zu einer Haftstrafe verurteilt wurde; Cleveland gelang die Flucht aus dem Gefängnis nach Kansas im Frühjahr 1861 (Starr: Jennison's Jayhawkers, p. 20); Kompaniechef Co H 7th Kansas Cavalry (Starr: Jennison's Jayhawkers, p. 19 ff). Wegen Auseinander­setzung über seine Ver­pflichtung zum Tragen einer vollständigen Uniform mit LtCol Daniel Read *Anthony vor der Front des Regi­ments, trat Cleveland aus der Army aus und lebte fortan als Räuber. Drei Monate lang wurde er steckbrieflich gesucht und von der 6th Kansas Cavalry ge­jagt. Am 10.5.1862 konnte Cleveland in Osawatomie von Captain H. S. *Greeno gestellt und festgenommen werden. Er wurde bei einem kurz darauf unternommenen Fluchtversuch am 10.5.1862 erschossen (Starr, Jen­nison's Jayhawkers, p. 26; Greeno's Report OR 13 S. 377-78).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Fox, Simeon M.: "The Early History of the Seventh Kansas Cavalry," Collections of the Kansas State Historical Society, 1909-1910, XI, S. 244-45

- Greeno, H. S.: Greeno's Report OR XIII S, 377-78

- Ingalls, John J.: "The Last of the Jayhawkers," Kansas Magazine I (1872), S. 360

- Starr, Stephen Z.: Jennison's Jayhawkers: A Civil War Cavalry Regiment and Its Commanders (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ­ersity Press, 1973)

 

 

Clewell, Augustus A.:

CS-Pvt; Co. E, 21st Regiment North Carolina Infantry (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 7).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Clewell, Augustus A.: Letters. Unpublished War Time Letters of Augustus A. Clewell of the 21st North Carolina Infantry; scattered dates (North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh / North Carolina)

 

 

Cliff, Henry:

US-1stLt; Sergeant; Co F, 76th Regiment New York Infantry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 26).

 

Sergeant Cliff wurde am 1.7.1863 im Battle von Gettysburg bei Seminary Ridge schwer verwundet (Martin: Gettysburg, p. 109). Mustered out 25.11.1863 Philadelphia, PA, as 1stLt with rank of July 1863 (Smith, A. P.: History of the Seventy-Sixth Regiment New York Volunteers, [Cortland/NY, 1867], p. 400-01).

 

1828 Lincolnshire/England - † 17.3.1892, District of Columbia, USA; buried Green Hills Cemetery, Dryden, Tompkins County, New York

 

 

Clifford, James:

US-Pvt, Co. E, 9th Regiment New York Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 26).

 

Clifford war als Spion und Scout eingesetzt. Der 'Scout Clifford“ berichtet am 9.5.1863 aus Dumfries VA an MajGen Slocum: „Bet­ween Morrisonville and Rappahannock Station ran into small squad of rebels. Fell back towards Ashby. Cedar Run, met 3 Prince William Scout; got into conversation with them; told them I belonged to Major [E.V.] White's Cavalry. They informed me the whole rebel force lay near the heights of Fredericksburg. Stonewall Jackson lot his right arm Sunday night. Will come through soon as my horse gets rested. Rode 100 miles to-day. Clifford, Scout“ (OR 25:2:458).

 

Literatur/Urkunden:

- **Clifford, James (Pvt, Co. E, 9th Regiment New York Cavalry): Compiled Service Record of James Clifford; National Archive Washington/DC

 

 

Clifford, James B.:

US-Pvt, Co. B,, 1st Regiment New Jersey Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M550 Roll 4).

 

Clifford desertierte; † 1910, beerd. Bevans Church Cemetery, Sussex County, New Jersey (Newjerseycivilwargravestones.org).

 

 

Clift, William:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 7th Regiment Tennessee Infantry (National Park Soldiers M392 Roll 3); Clift was a large landowner and merchant in Hamilton County /TN (Fisher: War at every Door, p. 64).

 

5.12.1794 [?] Green County / Tennessee - † 27.2.1866 Hamilton County / Tennessee; im Mai 1862 von BrigGen George W. *Morgan zum Col ernannt mit dem Auftrag in East-Tennessee eine Partisanen-Einheit aufzustellen und die CS-Verbindungen und Versorgungs­linien zur Cumberland Gap zu unterbrechen. Clift stellte seine Einheit im Morgan County / East-Tennessee auf (Karte bei: Fisher, War at Every Door, p. 8) und erfüllte seinen Auftrag anfangs mit Erfolg. Im Juli / August 1862 wurde die Einheit in 7th Tennessee Infantry umbenannt und legte mehrere Hinterhalte in Morgan County und Anderson County / East Tennessee. Im August 1862 wurde die 7th Tennessee Infantry von einem CS Infantry Regiment unterstützt von Cavalry zerschlagen. Clift sammelte sein Regiment anschließend erneut und nahm seine Aktionen wieder auf, diesmal allerdings mit wenig Erfolg. Er verlegte deshalb sein Regiment Ende 1862 / Anfang 1863 nach Kentucky, wo die Einheit bis zur In­vasion im August 1863 verblieb (Fisher: War at Every Door, p. 73).

 

Literatur/Urkunden:

- **Clift Family Papers: Tennessee State Library and Archives: Clift Family Papers, Nr. 1968.383, Location VI-F-4

Regest: The Clift Family Papers containing approximately 150 items (269 photocopies), span the years from ca. 1820 to 1968 and are composed of Civil War letters, Bible records, a deed, wills, genealogical data and correspondence, historical and biographical sket­ches, D.A.R. and Daughters of 1812 applications, and other papers. Of special interest to the historian are the letters (August 20, 1863 to October 27, 1864) of Colonel William Clift, 7th Tennessee Regiment, U.S.A., his second wife, Elizabeth, and other members of the family in Kentucky. Clift’s letters, written largely from Knoxville, Knox County, Chattanooga (Hamilton County), and Soddy (Hamilton County), Tennessee, reflect his movement and conditions in Kentucky, his imprisonment in Atlanta, and his activities in east Tennessee, where he carried messages for the Federals through Confederate lines. There are two letters reassuring Mrs. Clift of her husband’s safety, one (March 20, 1864) written by Major General George H. Thomas, and another (September 24, 1864) written by a member of his staff. One letter (undated) from Clift’s brother-in-law tells of the excitement in Kentucky regarding the Negro question, mentioning that Colonel Frank L. Wolford has denounced the President as a traitor and that Kentucky Governor Thomas E. Bramlett did not reply to the charge. During March and April 1864, Colonel Clift wrote to his wife from Soddy, Tennessee, about the possibility of her joining him, but cautioned her that there were robbers everywhere. Clift’s views toward slavery are revealed in his statements that he favored the proposal to emancipate the slaves and to leave them in the states where they “respectively belong and let them do the labor in freedom that they have done in slavery.” The Clift family papers, including a sketch concerning how the Ci­vil War in east Tennessee affected the Clift family, center around Hamilton County, Tennessee, while the McDonald and some of the other families followed the familiar migration pattern from southwest Virginia through east Tennessee, and on to Texas. Other family lines settled in Maryland, North Carolina, and Kentucky. Since the families in this collection are so closely related, the researcher should consult folders for any families into which their lines married (aus: http://www.tn.gov/tsla/history/ manuscripts/ findingaids/68-383.pdf).

 

 

Clifton, David H.:

US-Quartermaster Sergeant; Co. D, 121st Regiment Ohio Infantry (National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 19; Powell: Chickamauga Campaign: The Mad Battle, p. 220).

 

 

Clifton, J. B.:

CS-Pvt; Co. I, 1st Battalion Confederate Infantry (Forney's) (National Park soldiers M818 Roll6).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Clifton, J. B.: Diary, North Carolina State Department of Archives and History

 

 

Cline, Milton M.:

US-Sergeant; Co. C, 3rd Regiment Indiana Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 14).

 

US-Spy in Col Sharpe's Bureau of Military Information; in march 1863 he had reported a „considerabell force“ at the Chancellors­ville crossroads; on the 27.4.1863 he reported, that this force had moved out, leaving Chancellorsville unguarded (Sears: Chancellorsville, p. 131; Fishel: Secret War. p. 306; Ryan: Spies, p. 8-9).

 

Cline, mixing with the enemy in disguise, reported from Hagerstown to I Corps that Ewell, Longstreet, Hill and other generals had gone beyond Hagerstown, and that the Rebel rear guard had passed through late the previous night. Cline also said that a large wagon train would be coming through Hagerstown that evening (Ryan: Spies, Scouts, and Secrets in the Gettysburg Campaign, p. 270; Cline to Doubleday, Jubne 29, 1863, RG 393, NA; Cline sent this message through MajGen Abner Doubleday, a division commander, because he believed it to be the closest Union headquarters to Hagerstown at the time [Ryan: Spies, Scouts, and Secrets in the Gettysburg Campaign, p. 270n61]).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Fishel: Secret War p. 292, 306-10, 317, 327, 332, 361, 440, 501, 543, 546, 552; and the Neck p. 327-28; and Gettysburg campaign p. 459, 460, 463, 470, 471, 477, 501, 502-3, 531, 536; in 1864 p. 546, 552

 

 

Clingman, Thomas Lanier:

CS-BrigGen; Senator von North Carolina (Ruffin Diary II 59).

 

July 27, 1812 Huntsville/NC – † November 3, 1897 Morganton/NC, known as the "Prince of Politicians," was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from 1843 to 1845 and from 1847 to 1858, and U.S. senator from the state of North Carolina between 1858 and 1861. During the Civil War he refused to resign his Senate seat and was one of ten senators expelled from the Senate in absentia. He then served as a general in the Confederate States Army.

 

Clingman was elected to the North Carolina State house of commons in 1835. In 1836 he moved to Asheville, North Carolina. He was a member of the North Carolina State senate in 1840. In 1843 Clingman ran as a Whig and was elected to the 28th United States Congress, however he was defeated in his reelection bid in 1845. In 1845 he fought a duel with a fellow congressman William Lown­des Yancey of Alabama. In Yancey's maiden speech on the House floor, he had impugned his opponent's integrity. Both duelists had missed. In 1847 he regained the seat and won reelection in 1849, 1851, 1853, 1855 and 1857. On May 7, 1858, he resigned after becoming a United States Senator as a Democrat the previous day, replacing the resigning Asa Biggs. He was reelected but was ex­pelled from the Senate for support of the Confederacy.

 

When he first entered the War, Clingman was the commander of the 25th North Carolina Infantry and took part in the Peninsula Campaign. He later commanded a brigade of infantry. Clingman's Brigade consisted of the 8th, 31st, 51st and 61st North Carolina In­fantry. Clingman's Brigade fought at GoldsboroBattery WagnerDrewry's BluffCold Harbor,PetersburgGlobe TavernFort Fisher, and Bentonville (aus https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Lanier_Clingman).

 

After the Civil War, Clingman explored and measured mountains in western North Carolina and Tennessee. Tennessee's highest mountain, also partly in North Carolina, was named Clingman's Dome in his honor. He died in Morganton, North Carolina, and was buried in the Riverside Cemetery in Asheville, North Carolina (aus https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Lanier_Clingman).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Casstevens, Frances H.: Clingman's Brigade in the Confederacy, 1862-1865 (Jefferson/NC: McFarland & Co., 2002)

 

 

Clopton, Alfred Willoughby:

CS-Pvt, Co. I&E, 4th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 1).

 

Virginia Military Institute Class of 1863. In trouble at VMI for playing cards. Drillmaster in Richmond during the spring of 1861 and then with the 12th North Carolina.  Paid $33.33 per month as a drillmaster.  Unofficial source says also Adjutant 12th North Carolina. Discharged as a drillmaster 28 November 1861.  Enlisted 5 March 1862 at Richmond as a Pvt, Company I, 4th Virginia Ca­valry.  AWOL July through August 1862. Transferred to Company E, 1 March 1863. In hospital (in Richmond, VA) 20 November 1863 to 14 January 1864 (had syphilis).  Admitted to hospital (in Richmond, VA) 24 August 1864 for a fever. He was sent home and died of fever- 9 September 1864 in Richmond, VA (http://thecivilwarparlor.tumblr.com/post/113750618940/alfred-willoughby-a-w-clopt­on-one-of-virginia).

 

Photo:

- A.W. is the young cavalier at the upper right corner of the photograph, holding a bottle, filled, no doubt, with lemonade!  He served as a private in the 4th Virginia Cavalry (aus http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~clopton/fire.htm)

- A.W. was admitted to Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond on August 24, 1864 with a fever.  He was sent home and there he died on September 9, 1864 (aus http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~clopton/fire.htm)

 

 

Clopton, David:

CS-Congressman in the CSA Congress; from Tuskegee, Alabama ( Alexander/Beringer: The Anatomy of the Confederate Congress, p. 360, 391, 399). Clopton engaged himself as a supporter of Col Evander McIver Law and for his commission as BrigGen; 1820-1892.

 

After the was he served in the Alabama State House of Representatives in 1878, and as an Associate Justice of the Alabama State Su­preme Court from 1884 until his death in 1892).

 

1887 Virginia *Clay-Clopton

 

 

Clover, Albert S.:

US-Pvt; Co. G, 44th Regiment New York Infantry (National Park Service M551 Roll 26).

 

Albert S. Clover: Age, 19 years. Enlisted September 25th, 1861 at Albany. Mustered into Company G as a private September 25th, 1861 for a three-year tour of duty. Wounded in action May 5th, 1864 at the Wilderness, Va. Mustered out with company October 11th, 1864 (New York State Military Museum and Veterans Research Center, accessed 19.11.2018).

 

Photo:

- Archiv Ref: Pictures, American Civil War (New York State Military Museum and Veterans Research Center)

 

 

Cluett, William W.:

US-Principal Musician; Co. E, F&S, 57th Regiment Illinois Infantry (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 16)

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Cluett, William W.: History of the Fifty-Seventh Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, from Muster in, Dec. 26, 1861, to Muster out, July 7, 1865 (Princeton / Illinois: T. P. Streeter, Printer, 1886)

 

 

Cluke, Roy Stuart:

CS-Col; 8th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry; auch als 'Ray S. Cluke' bezeichnet (National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 3). Der Vorna­me lautet gem. Grabstein auf dem Lexington Cemetery, Lexington/Kentucky: Roy S. Cluke (Photo bei www.findagrave.com).

 

Die 8th Kentucky Cavalry; eine Abteilung von Morgan's Cavalry unter Col R. S. Cluke nahm am 22.3.1863 Mount Sterling / Ken­tucky, 40 Meilen ostwärts von Lexington / Kentucky (Karte: Davis, Nr. 141) und machte 300 Gefangene (Marvel: Burnsi­de, p. 225). Teilnahme an Morgan's Raid nach Kentucky, Indiana und Ohio im Juni 1863 (Horwitz: The Longest Raid, p. 8).

 

30.12.1824 Montgomery County/Kentucky - † 31.12.1863 Ottawa County/Ohio; beerd. Lexington Cemetery, Lexington/Kentucky; Cluke was captured during Morgan's Ohio Raid in July 1863 and died of disease (possibly Diphteria) as a prisoner of war at John­son's Island Prison Stockade, on Sandusky Bay on Lake Erie. His Lexington Cemetery burial record shows a date of 28.10.1863. His wife's name was Kate. He farmed in County KY prior to the Civil War with a P.O. of Winchester/KY (www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 19.6.2016).

 

Photo:

- Horwitz: The Longest Raid, nach S. 72 Nr. A 16

 

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