Version 11.7.2019


Litera C



Cabaniss, James Matthew:

CS-Captain; Co. K, 38th Regiment Virginia Infantry (Pittsylvania Regiment) (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 9).


8.11.1840 Cascade/Pittsylvania County/VA - † 8.8.1907 Surry County/NC; beerd. Oakdale Cemetery, Mount Airy/NC (www.fin­, Abruf vom 23.8.2016); Sohn von John G. Cabaniss Mary Cabaniss; Bruder von William George *Cabaniss (Library of Virginia, Richmond/VA, Archives, Civil War Records, Accession 38477, Letter of Captain James M. Cabaniss, 16.6.1861); °° m it Katherine Elizabeth Clay Cabaniss (1860-1947) (, Abruf vom 23.8.2016).



- **Cabaniss, James M.(Captain, 38th Virginia Infantry): Letter, 16 June 1861, from James M. Cabaniss (1840-1907), Company K, 38th Virginia, to his mother Mary Cabaniss (1822-1891), providing news of camp life, including the rules and restrictions, informing her of the evacuation of Harper’s Ferry and the battle of Bethel Church (Big Bethel), and relating the fates of an accused spy and a deserter (Library of Virginia, Richmond/VA, Archives, Civil War Records, Accession 38477)



Cabaniss, William George:

CS-Captain; Co. K, 38th Regiment Virginia Infantry; er trat als 1stLt in Co. K des Regiments ein, die von seinem Bruder Captain Ja­mes M. *Cabaniss kommandiert wurde (Pittsylvania Regiment) (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 9).


24.6.1743 - † 24.3.1926; beerd. Hat Creek Presbyterian Church Cemetery, Campbell County/VA (, Abruf vom 23.8.2016); Sohn von John G. Cabaniss Mary Cabaniss; Bruder von Captain James Matthew William George *Cabaniss (Library of Virginia, Richmond/VA, Archives, Civil War Records, Accession 38477, Letter of Captain James M. Cabaniss, 16.6.1861);



- Cabaniss, William George (Captain, 38th Virginia Infantry): Letter, 12 July 1861, from William George Cabaniss (1843-1926) of Company K, 38th Virginia Infantry, to his father, John George Cabaniss (1820-1897) of Pittsylvania County, Virginia, describing the Confederate Army's preparations around Winchester, Virginia, skirmishes, the weather and scenery around Winchester, and camp life (Library of Virginia, Richmond/VA, Archives, Civil War Records, Accession 50834)



Cabell, E. C.:

CS-Commissioner aus Missouri; im Juni 1861 von Missouri Governor Claiborne Jackson nach Richmond entsandt, um von Präsi­dent Davis Hilfe für die CS-Kräfte in Missouri zu erwirken (Brooksher: Bloody Hill, p. 94-95).



Cabell, Henry Coalter:

CS-Col; Co. F&S, 1st Regiment Virginia Artillery; at first Captain, Co. I&A (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 9).


In der Schlacht von Fredericksburg 1862 war sein Artillery Battalion bestehend aus 4 Batterien McLaw's Division unterstellt und an Marye's Heights eingesetzt (Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, p. 176 u. 579 Anm. 23).


In the Gettysburg Campaign Col. „H. G. Cabell“ was Commander of the Artillery of McLaw's Division, Longstreet's I Corps, consis­ting of (Pfanz: Gettysburg Second Day, p. 155, 457):

- 1st North Carolina Artillery, Battery A, Captain B. C, Manly; Pulaski Georgia Artillery: Captain J. C. Fraser, Lt W. J. Furlong

- 1st Richmond Howitzers, Captain E. S. McCarthy; Troup Georgia Artillery, Captain H. H. Carlton, Lt C. W. Motes



- OR Ser I vol. 27 part 2, S. 375-76 (abgedruckt bei Rollins: Pickett's Charge, p. 87



Cabell, William Lewis "Old Tige":

CS-BrigGen; stammt aus Virginia; bei 1st Manassas Quartermaster im Hauptquartier von General Beauregard's (Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, p. 38)



Cade, Edward W.:

CS-Surgeon; Co. F&S, 28th Regiment Texas Cavalry (Randal's) (1st Texas Lancers); 1stLt Co. D (National Park Soldiers M227 Roll 6).



- **Anderson, John Q.: A Texas Surgeon in the C.S.A. (Tuscaloosa, Alabama: Confederate Publishing Co., 1957)



Cadman, George Hovey:

US-Corporal; Co. B, 39th Regiment Ohio Infantry (National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 16; Grimsley, Hard Hand of War, p. 158n31).



- Cadman, George Havey: Letters (Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill)



Cadwallader, C. Washburn:

US-BrigGen; seit März 1862 Col 2nd Wisconsin Cavalry; BrigGen am 5.6.1862 (Quiner: Wisconsin, p. 900, 902).



Cadwallader, George:

US-MajGen; aus Philadelphia; Lawyer, Veteran des Mexiko-Krieges; Cadwallader kommandierte die 1st Division während *Patter­son's Shenandoah Valley Campaign 1861 im Battle of Falling Waters am 2.7.1861 (Chambersburg Chambers of Commerce: "Southern Revenge," , S. 32; Robertson, Stonewall Brigade, p. 32; Johnston: Military Operations, p. 30)


Nov. 1862 Mitglied des McDowell Court of Inquiry: OR Ser. I Vol 12/1 S. 36 ff



- Chambersburg Chambers of Commerce (ed.): "Southern Revenge," , S. 32

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History: Fort Sumter to Gettysburg, p. 129



Cadwallader, Sylvanus:

US-Journalist; Cadwallader was a correspondent with the Chicago Times and New York Herald, who was attached to Grant's Head­quarters from 1862-1865. Details that could only be known by a journalist with access to the general and information available to few others, this provides details of Vicksburg, Chattanooga and Grant's strategy for winning the war



- **Cadwallader, Sylvanus (ed. Thomas, Benjamin): Three Years with Grant as recalled by War Correspondent Sylvanus Cadwallader (Knopf, NY 1955); edited with notes by Benjamin Thomas



Cadwell, Luman L.:

US-Sergeant, aus New York; gemustert Broome, N.Y; Company B, 2nd New York Cavalry; Medal of Honor am 17.8.1894 für sei­nen Einsatz am 20.4.1864 in Alabama Bayou / Louisiana. Citation: Swam the bayou under fire of the enemy and captured and brought off a boat by means of which the command crossed and routed the enemy.



Caison, Albert S.:

CS-Pvt, Co. I, 26th North Carolina Infantry (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 6)



Caison, Albert S.: „Southern Soldiers in Northern Prisons.“ Southern Historical Society Papers 23 (1895)



Calder, William:

CS-2ndLt; Co. F, 2nd Regiment North Carolina Infantry (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 6); Sears gives his rank as 'Captain' (Sears: Chancellorsville, p. 126). Later (Spring 1863) he was Adjutant, CO. F&S, 1st Battalion, North Carolina Heavy Artillery (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 6). CS-2ndLt; Co. F, 2nd Regiment North Carolina Infantry (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 6).



- Calder, William: Letter to Mother 20.4.1863, Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina



Caldwell, J. F. J.:

CS-2ndLt; Co. B, 1st South Carolina Infantry (McCreary's) (1st Provisional Army) (National Park Soldiers M381 Roll 5), Gregg's Brigade



- **Caldwell, J.F.J.: The History of a Brigade of South Carolinians known first as "Gregg's," and subsequently as "McGowan's Briga­de." (King & Baird Printers: Philadelphia, 1866; Reprint Morningside Bookshop)



Caldwell, John C.:

US-MajGen; 17.4.1833 Lowell / Vermont - † 31.8.1912 Calais/Maine; Caldwell was a teacher, a Union general in the American Ci­vil War, and an American diplomat. He graduated from Amherst College in 1855 and moved to Maine, where he was the princi­pal of the Washington Academy in East Machias. At the beginning of the Civil War, Caldwell was 28 years old and had no military experi­ence. However, his bearing as an academic principal seems to have impressed others because he was elected colonel of the 11th Mai­ne Infantry regiment on November 12, 1861. Early in the Peninsula Campaign (April 28, 1862), he was promoted to briga­dier gene­ral and assumed command of the 1st Brigade of the 1st Division of II Corps of the Army of the Potomac after the brigade comman­der, Brigadier General Oliver O. Howard, was wounded at the Battle of Seven Pines. At the Battle of Glendale, he displayed "perso­nal gallantry" in coming to the aid of the beleaguered Union division led by Philip Kearny (https://en.wikipedia.­org/­wiki/John_ C._Caldwell).


At the Battle of Antietam, on September 17, 1862, he briefly led his division when its commander, MajGen Israel B. Richardson, was wounded. Caldwell himself was wounded in the battle and he received criticism that he handled his brigade poorly in the assault on the sunken road in the center of the Confederate line (the sunken road, or "Bloody Lane"). There were also rumors spread that he had hidden in the rear to avoid direct contact with the enemy. He was wounded again, twice, at the Battle of Fredericksburg that Decem­ber, while preparing his brigade to assault the stone wall on Marye's Heights; one of his regiments broke and ran during the assault, further tarnishing his reputation. At the Battle of Chancellorsville the following May, his brigade performed well under difficult cir­cumstances, covering the retreat of the army from the crossroads at the Chancellor House ( C._Caldwell).


Caldwell's bloodiest combat experience was at the Battle of Gettysburg on July 2, 1863. Since May 22, he had commanded the 1st Division of the II Corps, now under Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock. He and his division arrived on the battlefield the morning of July 2 and took up a reserve position on Cemetery Ridge ( C._Caldwell). Nachdem MajGen Sick­les sein III. Corps befehlswidrig von der Cemetery Ridge zur Emmitsburg Road nach Westen vorgezogen hatte, obwohl die Konföder­ierten Kräfte westlich der Round Tops zusammenzogen, entstand eine Lücke zwischen Sickles III. Corps und dem nördlich an der Cemetery Ridge eingesetzten II. Corps Hancock und zudem die Gefahr einer Flankierung über die Round Tops. General Cald­well was ordered [gegen 14:00] to put his 1st Division II. Corps Hancock in motion, and to take position in the woods at the west slo­pe of Round Top, in such manner as to resist the enemy should he attempt to come around Sickles' left flank and gain his rear (Stackpole: They Met at Gettysburg, p. 196 unter wörtlicher Zitierung von Haskell, Frank Aretas: The Battle of Gettys­burg [New York 1910]).


That afternoon, as the powerful Confederate assault from the corps of Lt. Gen. James Longstreet struck the Union III Corps, Hancock ordered Caldwell's division to reinforce the III Corps in the Wheatfield. Caldwell got his division moving quickly and conducted the largest Union assault of the three-day battle. However, due to a lack of adequate command on that portion of the battlefield, Cald­well's division was hit in its exposed right flank by the Confederate division of Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws, causing great confusion and a general retreat back across the Wheatfield. Caldwell received criti­cism from Maj. Gen. George Sykes, the commander of the Union V Corps, who was operating nearby. General Hancock subsequent­ly lost confidence in Caldwell and his staff conducted an in­vestigation to determine whether Caldwell led his di­vision properly. He was exonerated from any blame, but his reputation in the Army of the Potomac was damaged. A recent writer on Gettysburg has bla­med Sykes for giving sketchy instructions to Caldwell (Hartwig, D. Scott. "'No Troops on the Field Had Done Better', John C. Caldwell's Division in the Wheatfield, July 2, 1863; in: Gal­lagher: The Day at Gettysburg, p. 136 ff). In March 1864, the army was reorganized and reduced from five corps to three. Caldwell was relieved of command during this reduction and saw no further combat service ( John_ C._Caldwell).


After the war, Caldwell served in the honor guard for Abraham Lincoln's funeral train. He received a brevet promotion to major ge­neral on August 19, 1865, and he was mustered out of the volunteer service on January 15, 1866. He returned to civilian life as a la­wyer and a member of the Maine Legislature, but he also served as the adjutant general of the Maine Militia from 1867 to 1869. He then entered the diplomatic service as the U.S. Consul in Valparaíso, Chile, from 1869 to 1874; U.S. Minister to Uruguay and  Para­guay, 1874 to 1882; U.S. Consul to San José, Costa Rica, 1897 to 1909. Caldwell died in Calais, Maine, and is buried at St. Stephen Rural Cemetery in St. Stephen, New BrunswickCanada ( C._Caldwell).



Caldwell als BrigGen (Library of the Congress Civil War Collection)



- Campbell, Eric: „Caldwell Clears the Wheatfield,“ Gettysburg Magazine (July 1990), issue 3, p. 27-50



Caldwell, John W.:

CS-Col; 1862 Captain 9th Kentucky Infantry; später Col 9th Kentucky Infantry (Davis: Jackman Diary, p. 31 Anm. 5).



- **Caldwell, John W.: Diary (Compiled Service Records, Record Group 109, National Archives)



Caldwell, Thomas H.:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 147th Regiment New York Infantry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 20).



Calef, John H.:

US-Major; West Point 1862; Lt Battery K, Fifth US Artillery during the Peninsula Campaign. Fought at Harrison's Landing and at Malvern Hill. Participated in the Second Manassas and the Maryland Campaign, including the Battle of Antietam and action at Sharpsburg. On 6.10.1862 Battery A 2nd US Artillery; participated in the Rappahannock Campaign, while in command of Horse Bat­tery, Second US Artillery from June to July 1863, engaged in the skirmish at Upperville/VA, and the Battle of Gettysburg, follo­wed by the engagements at Williamsport/PA, Boonsboro/Maryland, Funkstown/Maryland, and the pursuit to Warrenton/VA. During the Rapidan campaign, he was wounded at Racoon Ford. Leave of absence, February to April 1864. Teilnahme an der Overland Cam­paign (McEnany, Brian: For Brotherhood and Duty: The Civil War History of the West Point Class of 1862 [Uni­versity Press of Ken­tucky, 2015], S. 359).


Lt Calef war Batteriechef von Calef's Battery, Battery A, 2nd US Artillery; im Sommer 1863 verstärkte Calef's Battery die 1st Caval­ry Divi­sion John *Buford beim Vorstoß auf Gettysburg am 30.6.1863 (Martin: Gettysburg, p. 39, 72). Am 30.6.1863 einge­setzt auf dem äußersten rechten Flügel von Devin's Cavalry Brigade nahe Carlisle Pike (Longacre: The Cavalry at Gettysburg, p. 183). Calef's Battery wurde am 1.7.1863 im Battle of Gettysburg in der Frontlinie von Gamble's Cavalry Brigade bei Mc­Pherson's Ridge einge­setzt (Martin: Gettysburg, p. 74, 77, 88, 127, 136, 347; Longacre: The Cavalry at Gettysburg, p. 186; Newton: McPherson's Ridge, p. 19).


Gen Buford placed the six three-inch guns of Battery A, 2nd U.S. Artillery, commanded bei Lieutenant John H. Calef auf McPher­son's Ridge. Calef had 2 guns north of the Chambersburg Pike, two immediately south of that road, and the final two down the ridge toward Hagerstown Pike (Newton: McPherson's Ridge, p. 19). Auf McPherson's Ridge hatte Calef's Battery ausgezeich­netes Schuß­feld mit Ausnahme der 300 yards südlich des Chambersburg Pike stehenden McPherson's oder Herbst Woods, several do­zen acres of forest beginning just west of McPherson's ridge and extending down the (Willoughby's) Creek (Newton: McPher­son's Ridge, p. 19).


Als am Morgen des 1.7.1863 von McPherson's Ridge die US-Battery von Captain John Calef (Battery A, 2nd U.S. Artillery) das Feu­er auf die von Herr Ridge in Richtung auf McPherson's Ridge vorgehende Brigade Archer und die nördlich des Cashtown Pike in Skirmish Line vorfühlende Brigade Davis (beide Brigaden gehörten zur CS-Division Heth) eröffneten, ordnete der Chef des CS-Ar­tillery Battalions William Pegram (4 Batteries) sei­nerseits die Feuereröffnung durch die beiden nearest batteries, Captain Edward Ma­rye's Fredericksburg Artillery und Lieutenant An­drew Johnston's Crenshaw Artillery, an (Newton: McPherson's Ridge, p. 30).


Gegen 10:00 kam Wadsworth's Division (First Corps) zum Einsatz und löste Buford's Cavalry ab. Calef's Battery wurde durch Hall's 2nd Maine Battery ersetzt (Stackpole: They Met at Gettysburg, p. 126).


West Point 1862; seine Battery fired the first artillery rounds at the begin of the Battle of Gettysburg. During the War Lt Calef came 25 time under fire, had two horses shot under him, and suffered but two slight wounds the whole time. He was brevetted to captain for gallantry at Gettysburg and again to major at the end of the war. The barrel of two of his guns at Gettysburg now adorn the base of General Buford's statue ohn McPherson's Ridge. U-Berufsoffizier; he retired as a colonel US-Army an 23.4.1904 and died in St. Louis/MO 14.1.1912 (McEnany, Brian: For Brotherhood and Duty: The Civil War History of the West Point Class of 1862 [Universit­y Press of Kentucky, 2015], S. 359).


24.1.1841 Gloucester, Essex County /Mass. - † 14.1.1912 St. Louis/MO, beerd. United States Military Academy Post Cemetery, West Point/VA; °° 15.9.1870 in Stockton/CA (McEnany, p. 359) mit Mary Matilda Newell Calef († 1922) (www.findagra­



First Lieutenant John H. Calef, 1863 (Library of Congress)



- **Calef, John H.: "Gettysburg Notes: The Opening Gun." Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States, Vol. 40 (1907): 40-58



Califf, Joseph H.:

US.1stLt; Co. F&A, 7th Regiment US Colored Infantry; mustered in as 2ndLt (National Park Soldiers M589 Roll 14).


On his Gravestone in Arlington National Cemetery his rank is given as „Brigadier General“ (Photo, accessed 16.1.2019).


1843 - † 9.12.1914, buried Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington/VA (, accessed 16.1.2019).




- **Califf, Joseph, attr.: Record of the Services of the Seventh Regiment of U.S. Colored Troops (Providence, R.I., 1878)



Calhoun, John:

US-Politiker; aus Springfield / Illinois; Bekannter Lincoln's; Bürgermeister von Springfield; Calhoun zog dann nach Kansas, wo er 1857 einer der Führer der Pro-Slavery-Kräfte wurde (Nevins, The Emergence of Lincoln, p. 134-35).



Calhoun, John C.:

1782-1850; Senator im US-Senat der Vorkriegszeit aus South Carolina. Er begann seine politische Karriere 1811 als Anhänger der Union und beendete sie als glühender Sezessionist. Calhoun war Mitglied des einflußreichen Senat-Triumvirats, das seit Jahrzehnten die politische Geschicke der Union lenkte. Calhoun vertrat in der Krise der Vorkriegszeit einen Partikularismus, der darauf verwies, daß die Union nur überleben könne, wenn der Norden und der Süden innerhalb des Verbunds gleichberechtigte Mitglieder blieben (McPherson, Für die Freiheit sterben, p. 63; Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother. The War Begins, p. 33).


Calhoun war Vizepräsident in den Regierungen von John Quincy Adams (1825-29) und Andrew Jackson (4.3.1829-1832). Er entwi­ckelte 1828 die *Nullification Doctrin. Secretary of War in der Regierung ++++ (Foote, The Civil War, vol. I., S. 7)


In den Auseinandersetzungen um die den Norden begünstigende Schutzzollpolitik und um die *Nullification Controversy sowie dem *Missouri Compromise entwickelte sich Calhoun vom Unionisten zum Partikularisten und sammelte nach seiner Niederlage in der Frage der Nullification Anhänger um sich, um künftig eine ausgesprochen prosüdliche Politik zu machen (Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother, p. 36-38). Als Particularist folgte Calhoun der Überzeugung, daß die Union nur überleben könne, wenn Norden und Süden innerhalb des Verbandes gleichberechtigte Machtblöcke blieben. Nachfolger Calhoun als Senatssprecher dieser partikularisti­schen Politik wurde Jefferson *Davis (Foote: The Civil War, Bd. 1, S. 13).



- Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother. The War Begins, p. 35

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, p. 38 (Grab von John C. Calhoun in Charleston)



- **Capers, Gerald M.: John C. Calhoun - Opportunist. A Reappraisal (University of Florida Press, Gainesville 1960; Taschenbuch­ausgabe 1969)

- **Calhoun, John C.: Papers, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

- Calhoun, John C.:The Papers of John C. Calhoun Volume X, 1825-1829, Ed. By Clyde N. Wilson and W. Edwin Hemphill, (Colum­bia: University of South Carolina Press, 1977)

- **Coits, Margaret: John C. Calhoun: American Portrait +++ergänzen+++

- **Cralle, Richard (Hrsg.): The Works of John C. Calhoun, 6 vols, New York, 1854-55

- **Jameson, J. Franklin (Hrsg.): Correspondence of John C. Calhoun; in: Annual Report of the American Historical Association, 1988, vol. II, Washington 1900, S. 780-82

- **Salley, A. S.: "The Calhoun Family in America", South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, VII (1906), 81-98, 153-169



Calhoun, P. L.:

CS-LtCol 13th South Carolina Infantry (Caldwell, Gregg's Brigade, p. 10)



Calkins, Clarence:

US-Corporal; Co. D, 58th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 6)



Calkins, F.:

US-Pvt; 2nd Massachusetts Artillery



- **Calkins, F.: Letter: 1863. Soldier in the 2nd Massachusetts Artillery. Letter written to "Dear Friend" from Newbern, North Caroli­na, September 10, 1863. Calkins exalts the power of Christ, and despairs that his fellow soldiers "care only for things that are low and devilish and seek only to gratify their lusts and passions." Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Ma­nuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms89-045).



Calkins, Jesse H.:

US-Pvt; Co. H, 49th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (Militia) (National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 6)



Calkins, Samuel J.:

US-Pvt; Co. D, 58th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 6).



Calkins, William:

US-Pvt; Co. M, 8th Regiment Illinois Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 13).



Calkins, William:

US-Corporal; Co. G, 23rd Regiment Illinois Infantry (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 13).



Calkins, William W.:

US-Lt; Co. E, 104th Regiment Illinois Infantry; Calkins trat als Sergeant in das Regiment ein (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 13). Im Mai 1864 Teilnahme bei Sherman's Angriff nach Atlanta (Castel: Decision, p. 126 ohne namentli­che Erwähnung Cal­kins und S. 583 Anm. 12).



- **Calkins, William W.: The History of the 104th Regt. of Ill. Volunteer Infantry (Chicago: Donohue & Henneberry Printers, 1895)



Callaway, Jonathan W.:

CS-Lt; Co E 2nd Arkansas Mounted Rifles; he enlisted in the regiment at Arkadelphia (Clark County), in the early summer of 1861 and was officially enrolled into the Confederate service at Camp McRae on July 27 of the same year. Callaway accompanied his regim­ent to camps in southwest Missouri and was present at the battle of Wilson's Creek on August 10, 1861. After the battle Calla­way and his regiment returned to Arkansas and went into winter quarters near Van Buren (Crawford County). The Second Arkansas saw action again at the battle of Pea Ridge (Benton County) and then joined with other Southern forces east of the Mississippi at Co­rinth, Mississippi.



- **Callaway, Jonathan W.: Letters and papers, 1861-1864. Callaway began writing letters home to Arkadelphia shortly before the Wil­son's Creek fight, usually addressing them to W. T. Thompson. Most of the letters were written in 1861 and 1862 from places in Misso­uri, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Tennessee, including Chattanooga and Cumberland Gap. One letter, dated April 15, 1864, was sent from a location in Texas and describes some fighting in Louisiana during the Camden Expedition. Other documents in the col­lection include samples of the "Hornet's Nest," a handwritten regimental "newspaper" produced in Missouri in 1861. Microfilm copy made by the Arkansas History Commission in 1960 (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Com­piled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).



Callaway, Josua K.:

CS-2ndLt; Co. K, 28th Regiment Alabama Infantry (National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 7; here mentioned as 'John K.'').


Josua K. Callaway was a schoolteacher, husband, and father of two when he enlisted in the 28th Alabama Infantry Regiment at the age of twenty-seven. Serving with the Army of the Tennessee, he campaigned in Mississippi, Kentucky, Tennessee, and north Geor­gia. Along the way this perceptive observer and gifted writer wrote a continuous narrative detailing the activities, concerns, hopes, fears, discomforts, and pleasures of a Confederate soldier in the field.


Whether writing about combat, illness, encampments, or homesickness, Callaway makes even the everyday aspects of soldiering in­teresting. This large collection, seventy-four letters in all, is a valuable historical reference that provides new insights into life behind the front lines of the Civil War.


From the Kentucky Campaign to Tullahoma, Chickamauga to Missionary Ridge, junior officer Joshua K. Callaway took part in some of the most critical campaigns of the Civil War. His twice-weekly letters home, written between April 1862 and November 1863, chronicle his gradual change from an ardent Confederate soldier to a weary veteran who longs to be at home (aus Hallock, Judith Lee (ed.): The Civil War Letters of Josua K. Callaway, Inhaltsangabe bei, Abruf v. 5.4.2017).


Dulcinea Callaway



- **Hallock, Judith Lee (ed.): The Civil War Letters of Josua K. Callaway (Athens and London: University of Georgia Press, 1997/2014)



Callender, F. D.:

US-Captain; stellte am 11. Mai 1861 auf Befehl Nathaniel *Lyon's in St. Louis, Mo. 1200 Home Guards auf, das 5th Regiment US Reserves (Brooksher: Bloody Hill, p. 66).



Callender, John:

US-Pvt; 123rd Pennsylvania Infantry (Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, p. 86).



Callis, John B.:

US-LtCol; Co. F&S, 7th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 5).


Callis stammte aus North Carolina; im September ++++ zum US-Colonel 7th Wisconsin (Iron Brigade) ernannt (Gramm, Kent: „They must be made on Iron“. The Ascent of South Mountain; in: Nolan/Vi­pond: Giants in their Black Hats. Essays on the Iron Bri­gade, a.a.O, S. 14); im Juli 1863 war Callis LtCol der 7th Wis­consin Infantry; Teilnahme am Angriff vom 1.7.1863 auf Archer's Bri­gade bei Herbst Woods und *Willoughby Run / Gettysburg (Martin: Gettysburg, p. 151).


Callis, der im Battle of Gettysburg am 1.7.1863 bei McPherson's Ridge schwer verwundet worden war, lag vom Feind unentdeckt 43 Stunden und damit unversorgt (Nolan: The Iron Brigade, p. 254); Callis wurde im Dezember 1864 aus der Army entlas­sen (Nolan: The Iron Brigade, p. 25467)



- **Callis, John R. (LtCol, 7th Wisconsin Infantry): Letter to John B. Callis, n.d.; Bachelder Papers, New Hampshire Historical So­ciety, Concord, New Hampshire



Calmbach (Kallenbach), Friedrich:

US-Pvt; Co. D, 82nd Regiment Illinois Infantry (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 13).


1.7.1863 Gettysburg near Seminary Ridge; his legs shattered through a cannon ball (Pula: Under the Crescent Moon, vol. 2, p. 19; Illinois Staats-Zeitung 17.10.1863).



Cameron, Carl:

US-+++; 1st Wisconsin Battery of Light Artillery



- **Webster, Dan and Don C. Cameron: History of the First Wisconsin Battery of Light Artillery (Washington, 1907)



Cameron, Robert A.:

US-MajGen; 1828-94; Newspaper Editor; Republican Legislator; Captain 9th Indiana Infantry 23.4.1861; LtCol 29.7.1861; Battles of New Madrid, Island Nr. 10; versetzt zur 34th Indiana Infantry am 3.2.1862; Col 15.6.1862; Regimentskommandeur 34th Indiana In­fantry, 1st Brigade George F. McGinnis, 12th Division Alvin P. Hovey, XIII. Army Corps McClernand während Grant's Campaign gegen Vicksburg 1863 (Bearss: Vicksburg, vol. II, S. 403). Battle of Port Gibson am 1.5.1863 (Bearss: Vicksburg, vol. II, S. 403). BrigGen 11.8.1863 ++++ Boatner, p. 115



Cameron, Simon:

US-Secretary of War: Er musste aber Anfang des Jahres 1862 zurücktreten, da die Mehrheit des Kongresses mit seiner Emanzipati­ons-Proklamation zur Befreiung der Sklaven nicht einverstanden war. Schon davor hatte seine Amtsführung durch fehlende Versor­gung der Truppen und Vergabe von Armeeaufträgen an seine Freunde Kritik auf sich gezogen. Durch seine schroff republikanische Gesinnung und seine Begünstigung der immer mehr um sich greifenden Korruption in der Partei, wegen welcher der Kongress einen Tadel gegen ihn aussprach, machte er sich für andere Regierungsämter unmöglich. Thaddeus Stevens soll einmal über ihn bemerkt haben, als Präsident Lincoln ihn fragte, ob er wirklich glaube, dass Cameron stehle: „Ich glaube, er würde keinen glühend heißen Ofen stehlen“. Unmittelbar nach seinem Rücktritt wurde er zum US-Botschafter in Russland ernannt; diesen Posten hatte er bis zum 18. September desselben Jahres inne (wikipedia, keyword 'Simon Cameron, accessed 2.1.2019)..


1799 Lancaster/Cty/PA - 1889; Politiker und reicher Geschäftsmann, Republikaner; er kandidierte auf dem Parteikongreß der Repu­blikaner in Chicago (Chicago Convention) im Mai 1860 als Präsidentschaftskandidat (Schurz, Reminiscenses, vol. 2, S. 175). US-Kriegsminister bis Ende 1861. Kaufmann bezeichnet Cameron als „gräßliche[n] Pfuscher“ (Kaufmann: Die Deutschen im Amerika­nischen Bürgerkriege, p. 67).


++++Freunde nie vergißt“ (Cameron hatte einen schlechteren Ruf als sein Gegenspieler im Süden Leroy P. Walker; McPherson S. 306). Chase (, S. 61) berichtet, daß Cameron zu einem Gespräch zwischen Chase und Stanton hinzukam, wobei er einen ge­rade er­haltenen Brief Lincoln's vorwies, der ihm mitteilte, Cameron werde am nächsten Tag als Gesandter für Rußland nominiert. "He was quite offended, supposing the letter intended as a dismissal, and, therefore, discourteous." (Zitat nach Chase, p. 61). Lincoln hatte in einem kurzen Brief vom 11.1.1862 mitgeteilt, Cameron werde am 12.1.1862 im US-Senat als Botschafter in Rußland nominiert. In einem längeren "privaten" Brief vom gleichen Tag gab Lincoln ihm "assurance of my undiminished confidence" (Basler, Roy P., ed.: The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln [New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1953) Vol. V. 96-7).



- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, p. 88



- Bradley, Erwin Stanley: Simon Cameron, Lincoln's Secretary of War: A Political Biography (Philadelphia: University of Philadel­phia Press, 1966)



Camm, William:

US-Col; 14th Illinois Infantry (Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, p. 9 Anm. 13; Daniel: Shiloh, p. 76); im Frühjahr 1862 war Camm LtCol der 14th Illinois Infantry (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 76, 182).


Unklar ist die Regimentsführung in Shiloh am 6.4.1862. Während Grant (Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh, B & L, I, S. 538) Col Cyrus Hall als Regimentskommandeur angibt, ist bei Daniel (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 182) LtCol William Camm als Regimentsführer erwähnt.


Im Battle of Shiloh am 6.4.1862 gehörte die 14th Illinois Infantry zur 2nd Brigade Col James C. Veach 4th Division BrigGen Stephen A. Hurlbutt in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh, B & L, I, S. 538). Die Brigade Ve­ach geriet am 6.4.1862 nördlich der Purdy-Hamburg Road gegen 11:00 in den Angriff des III. Army Corps MajGen William J. Har­dee 3rd Brigade BrigGen Sterling A. M. Wood. Die Brigade Wood hatte zunächst die US-Brigade Marsh geschlagen und war durch­gebrochen; sie stieß auf die dahinter aufgestellte Brigade Veach (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 182).



- **Haskell, Fritz (ed.): "The Diary of Colonel William Camm, Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, XVIII, Pt. 2, No. 4 (Ja­nuary 1926), S. 802



Campbell, Alexander:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 79th Regiment New York Infantry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 21); Bruder von James *Campbell (CS- 1st South Carolina Battalion)



- **Campbell, Alexander and James: Him On One Side and Me On the Other Side: The Civil War Letters of Alexander Campbell, 79th New York Infantry Regiment, and James Campbell, 1st South Carolina Battalion (Univ South Carolina); Edited by Terry A. Johnston Jr.



Campbell, Archibald P.:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 2nd Regiment Michigan Cavalry; at first Captain Co. K (National Park Soldiers M545 Roll 7).


Campbell kommandierte im März 1863 die US-Cavalry bei Franklin / Tennessee (Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, p. 52)



Campbell, Gabriel:

US-Captain; Co. E, 17th Regiment Michigan Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M545 Roll 7).



- **Campbell, Gabriel: „The 17th Michigan at South Mountain Sept. 14, 1862“; in: Antietam National Battlefield



Campbell. George W.:

Senator aus Tennessee, dann US-Finanzminister, später Botschafter in Rußland; Vater der Lizinska *Ewell (Freeman: Lee's Lieu­tenants, vol. II, S. 695).



Campbell, Henry:

US-1stLt; at first Pvt/Bugler, 18th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery (National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 11; Evans: Sherman's Horsemen, p. 222, 488n3017); later 1stLt, Co. H, 101st Regiment US Colored Infantry (National Park Soldiers M589 Roll 14).



- Campbell, Henry: Diary (Robert C. Ramsey Archival Center, Lilly Library, Wabash College, Crawfordsville, Indiana) PDF-Version available

- **Campbell, Henry: „Union Bugler Found Chickamauga a 'Terrible Battle',“ Civil War Times Illustrated 3 (May 1964), p. 34-37



Campbell, James:

CS-1stLt; zunächst Frist Sergeant dann 2ndLt; Co. F, 1st Battalion South Carolina Infantry (National Park Soldiers M381 Roll 5); später 1stLt; 27th Regiment South Carolina Infantry (National Park Soldiers M381 Roll 5).


Bruder von Alexander *Campbell (US 79th Regiment New York Infantry).



- **Campbell, Alexander and James: Him On One Side and Me On the Other Side: The Civil War Letters of Alexander Campbell, 79th New York Infantry Regiment, and James Campbell, 1st South Carolina Battalion (Univ South Carolina); Edited by Terry A. Johnston Jr.



Campbell, James McDonald:

CS-Major; aus Alabama; Priester; 47th Alabama Infantry. 1861 war Campbell zunächst den Truppen gefolgt, die sich bei Pensacola versammelten. Dort fand er eine Stelle als Chaplain in der 1st Georgia Infantry. Er entschied sich dann Soldat zu werden und beende­te seine Tätigkeit als Pfarrer. Bulger schloß sich der 47th Alabama Infantry an und wurde nach Freiwerden der Majors-Stelle zum Major gewählt (Penny / Laine, p. 49).


Das Regiment gehörte 1862 zu BrigGen William B. *Taliaferro's *Brigade in der Division Charles Sidney *Winder und nahm im Au­gust an Jackson's Vorstoß gegen Pope in Virginia und am 9.8.1862 am Battle von Cedar Mountain teil (LtCol James W. Jackson's Re­port OR 12.2. S. 207-209).


1863 während der Gettysburg Campaign gehörte die 48th Alabama Infantry zu Longstreet’s I. Corps, 1st Division Hood, 4th Brigade BrigGen Evander McIver Law. Die Regimentsstärke betrug im Sommer 1863 vor der Schlacht von Gettysburg 418 Mann (Penny / Laine: Struggle for the Round Tops, p. 23). Das Regiment nahm am 2.7.1863 teil beim Angriff der Division Hood auf Plum Run Val­ley und Little Round Top (Penny / Laine, p. 39 ff).



Campbell, James N.:

US-Pvt; +++klären+++



Campbell, John A.:

CS-Col; Regimentskommandeur 48th Virginia Infantry (OR 5: 1047)


CS-Col; graduiert im Virginia Military Institute 1844; anschließend Studium der Rechtswissenschaft an der University of Virginia; danach war Campbell Richter (Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, p. 152). 1861 Col 48th Virginia Infantry, eingesetzt im westlichen Virginia, dann in Loring's Army of the Northwest. Im Rahmen von Loring's Army of the Northwest Teilnahme an Jack­son's Angriff auf Bath und Romney im Januar 1862 (OR 5: 391, 1047). Ab Februar 1862 gehörte die 48th Virginia Infantry nach Auflösung von Loring's Army of the Northwest zur 2nd Brigade Col Jesse *Burks in Jackson’s Army of the Valley (Tanner: Sto­newall in the Valley, p. 102). Teilnahme am Battle of Kernstown am 23.3.1862. Campbell übernahm im April 1862 aufgrund der Erkrankung des Brigade­kommandeurs Col Jesse *Burks dessen 2nd Brigade in Stonewall Jackson's Army of the Valley (Tan­ner: Stonewall in the Valley, p. 152).



Campbell, John A.:

Richter am US-Supreme Court; aus Georgia; Graduated an der University of Georgia; lebte anschließend in Montgomery Alabama, wo er nationale Berühmtheit als Anwalt erlangte. Sein öffentlicher Angriff gegen die Entscheidung der Grand Jury in New Orleans von 1854 im Fall von William *Walker und dessen Freibeutern zeugte von großem persönlichen Mut. Von Präsident Pierce zum Richter am US-Supreme Court ernannt. Er war an der Dred *Scott Decision beteiligt (Nevins, The Emergence of Lincoln, vol. I, S. 102). Campbell schloß sich nach der Sezession der CSA an (Nevins: Emergence of Lincoln, p. 103).



- **Campbell, John A,.: „Papers of Hon. John A. Campbell 1861-1865,“ Southern Historical Society Papers, N.S. IV (October, 1917), pp. 61-74

- **McCormac, E. I.: "Justice Campbell and the Dred Scott Decision," Miss. Valley Hist. Review, XIC (1933), S. 565-571

- Nevins, Allan: The Emergence of Lincoln, vol. I, S. 102-03



Campbell, John Q. A.:

US-2ndLt; Co. B, 5th Regiment Iowa Infantry; mustered in as 1st Sergeant (National Park Soldiers M541 Roll 4); later 2ndLt, Co. I, 5th Regi­ment Iowa Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M541 Roll 4).



- Campbell, John Q. A.: Diaries (Western Reserve Historical Socierty, Cleveland)



Campbell, Joseph Boyd:

US-Captain (USV); Battery B, 4th US-Artillery (Johnson/Anderson: Artillery Hell, p. 70; Anm. bei National Park Soldiers nicht ge­nannt).


(1833 or 1836 – 28 August 1891), son of Henry Roe Campbell and Sidney Boyd, was an officer in the United States Army who ser­ved as the seventh commander of the Department of Alaska, from August 17, 1874 to June 14, 1876. Boyd graduated from West Point in June 1861, and was commissioned as a 1st lieutenant. After being wounded in the Battle of Antietam, he served as aide-de-camp to William F. Barry from 1862 until 1864. He was promoted to Captain (Anm.: wohl Captain US-Army; dagegen bereits bei Antietam 1862 Captain USV) in February 1867. Boyd commanded Fort Foote from 1870 to 1872, Fort Warren from 1888 to 1889, and Jackson Barracks from 1889 to 1891. Campbell was sent on sick leave in May 1891, and died in Montreal a few months later. He was buried in Beaver, Pennsylvania (Wikipedia, Stichwort Joseph Boyd Campbell, Abruf vom 6.8.2016)



Campbell, Josiah A. P. "Jap":

CS-Politiker aus Mississippi; Delegierter auf dem CS-Gründungskongress vom Februar 1861 in Montgomery / Alabama (Davis: A Govern­ment of Our Own, p. 15).



- **Campbell, Josiah A. P.: Papers. Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

- Wakelyn: Biographical Dictionary of the Confederacy, 123



Campbell, Lizinska:

s. Ewell, Lizinska



Campbell, Reuben P.:

CS-Col; 7th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll).


Im Battle of New Bern am 13.3.1862 eingesetzt. Brig Gen Branch positioned his troops to defend the line at Fort Thompson. On his left, between the fort and the Beaufort Road, he placed the 27th and 37th North Carolina (Col Charles C. *Lee). Colonel C. C. *Lee commanded the left wing. His right wing, led by Col. Reuben Campbell, consisted of the 7th North Carolina Infantry (Col. Reuben *Campbell) and 35th North Carolina, Latham’s and Brem’s batteries (minus one section), an independent company of infantry, and the militia battalion under Col. H. J. B. Clark. The right wing covered the area between Beaufort Road and the brick kiln on the rail­road. Extending Campbell’s wing to the right of the railroad were the 26th North Carolina, the 2nd North Carolina Cavalry, a section of Brem’s artillery, and “one or two detached companies.” The 33rd North Carolina served as Branch’s only reserve for his thinly spread front line (McGee, David H.: 26th North Carolina Regimental History,­tal-History/26th, S.24).



Campbell, Richard D.:

CS-Pvt; Co. B, 3rd Regiment Georgia Infantry (National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 10).



Campbell, Richard M.:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 42nd Regiment Mississippi Infantry (National Park Soldiers M232 Roll 6).



Campbell, Richard M.:

auch als 'Reuben M. Campbell' bezeichnet; CS-1stLt; Co. A, 60th Regiment Georgia Infantry (National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 10; auch Mitchell: Civil War Soldiers, p. 34, 79); zuvor 1stLt, Co. I, 38th Regiment Georgia Infantry; er trat als 2ndLt in das Regiment ein (National Park Soldiers M232 Roll 10); auch 1stLt, Co. K, 61st Regiment Alabama Infantry ('Reuben M. Campbell') (National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 7).



- **Campbell, Richard M. (Lt., 60th Regiment Georgia Infantry: Papers; Atlanta Historical Society,Atlanta/Georgia



Campbell, Richard S.:

CS-Pvt; Co. C, 27th Battalion Georgia Infantry (National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 10).



Campbell, Richard T.:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 21st Regiment Georgia Infantry (National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 10).



Campbell, Robert:

US-Lt; Quartermaster 4th Michigan Infantry; Teilnahme am Battle of Gettysburg (Pfanz: Gettysburg, p. 525-26n109



- Campbell, Robert (Lt, Quartermaster 4th Michigan Infantry): "Pioneer Memories of the War Days of 1861-1865." Collection and Remarks Made by the Michigan Pioneers and Historical Society 30 (1906): 562-72



Campbell, Robert Henry:

CS-Sergeant; Co. B (Rockbridge Rifles, Lexington, Rockbridge County), 5th Regiment Virginia Infantry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 9); zuvor (?) Sergeant (später Pvt), Co. H, 27th Regiment Virginia Infantry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 9).


Robert Henry Campbell was born in 1843 in Lexington and resided there. He was a shoemaker. He was described at enlistment as 5' 7", fair complexion, blue eyes, and light hair. At 17 he enlisted on 18/4/1861 at Lexington, VA and was mustered to "H" Co Rock­bridge Rifles (27th Virginia Infantry). He was promoted to Sergeant on 28/5/1861. He died 9/9/1870 in Lexington, VA and is buried there in the Stonewall Jackson Cemetery (­sitebuilderfiles/­3briga­des.­pdf, Abruf vom 19.8.2016). Campbell vom Co. H, 27th Regiment Virginia Infantry wurde „reduced to Pvt“, wohl weil er vom 2.7.1861-31.10.1861 erkrankt war. Discharged for T. B. Am 15.12.1861 (Driver: Confederate Soldiers of Rockbridge County, p. 49).


Anm.: die Angabe, Campbell sei Sergeant; Co. B (Rockbridge Rifles, Lexington, Rockbridge County), 5th Regiment Virginia Infan­try gewesen bei National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 9 scheint fehlerhaft und beruht wohl auf einer Personenverwechslung.



- **Campbell, Robert Henry (Sergeant; Rockbridge Rifles, later 27th Virginia Infantry): Letters. Campbell-Varner Papers. Preston Li­brary, Virginia Military Institute, Lexington/VA



Campbell, Robert J.:




- **Cate, Wirt Armistead Key (ed.): Two Soldiers: The Campaign Diaries of Thos. J. Key, C.S.A., and Robert. J. Campbell, U.S.A. (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1938)



Campbell, Wallace:

US-LtCol; Federal Commander des Forts in Athens/Georgia mit einer Garnison bestehend aus 150 East Tennesseans with the 3re Re­giment Tennessee Cavalry (US) (Potter: Sultana Tragedy, p. 7-8; OR Series I, vol. 39, Part 1, pp. 523-524).



Campbell, William Bowen:

US-BrigGen; 1807-67; aus Tennessee; Rechtsanwalt; Teilnahme am Seminole War und Mexikokrieg; Abgeordneter im US-Repräsen­tantenhaus; Whig Party; 1851 Governor von Tennessee; Gegner der Sezession (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 116-17; Croft: Reluctant Confederates, p. xvi); nach der Sezession Tennessees wurde Campbell im Ost-Tennessee als Kandidat der Sezessi­onsgegner bei den Wahlen zum Tennessee Par­lament aufge­stellt, zog jedoch, da diese aussichtslos war, wieder zurück (Fisher: War at every Door, p. 47). Campbell schlug das Ange­bot zur Beförderung auf einen hohen militärischen Rang durch die CSA-Regierung in Richmond aus und schloß sich der US-Army an; Brig­Gen USV 30.6.1862. Er schied freiwillig am 26.1.1863 aus. 1865 erneut zum Abgeordneten im US-Congress gewählt; dort unter­stützte er Andrew Johnson ( Boatner: Dictionary, p. 117).



- **Campbell, William B.: Letter to A. C. Beard, 15.3.1861; in:Campbell Family Papers, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina



Candy, Charles:

US-BrigGen; Col, Co. F&S, 66th Regiment Ohio Infantry (National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 16).


Candy was an enlisted man (Pvt) in the Regular Army (1st US Inf 1856-1.1.1861 [Boatner: Dictionary, p. 118]), but was promoted to the rank of Captain and AAG 21.9.1861 (Gottfried: Brigades of Gettysburg, p. 377; Boatner: Dictionary, p. 118); resigned 3.12.1861; Col 66th Ohio Infantry 17.12.1861; Bvt BrigGen USV (war service). Commanded 1st Brigade (Candy's Brigade), 2ne Division (John Geary), XII Corps (Gottfried: Brigades of Gettysburg, p. 377; Boatner: Dictionary, p. 118).



- Tagg: Generals of Gettysburg, p. 158



- Gottfried: Brigades of Gettysburg, p. 377-383

- O'Brien, Kevin E.: „A Perfect Roar of Musketry': Candy's Brigade in the Fight for Culp's Hill.“ Gettysburg Magazine, #9, July 1993

- Tagg: Generals of Gettysburg, p. 157-159



Canfield, Herman:

US-Col, 72nd Ohio Infantry; gefallen im Battle of Shiloh



Canfield, S. S.:

US-Captain; 21st Ohio Infantry



- **Canfield, S. S. (Captain; 21st Ohio Infantry): History of the 21st Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Toledo, 1893)



Canby, Edward R. S.:

US-General; 1818-1873; West Point 1838; bei Ausbruch der Sezession war Canby als LtCol Regimentskommandeur 10th US-Infan­try, eingesetzt in NMT gegen die Navajo-Indianer; ab Juni 1861 Nachfolger *Loring's als KomGen. des Wehrbereichs New Mexico mit Hauptquartier in Fort Craig (Alberts: The Battle of Glorieta, p. 6; Karte, p. 4; Josephy: The Civil War in the American West, p. 37, 38); im September 1962 von Gen. *Carlton abgelöst (Längin S. 127). Anfang 1865 griff Canby mit sei­nen Truppen der Golf-Ar­mee im Rahmen einer großangelegten Zangenoperation Richtung Mobile an, um nach dessen Fall ins südli­che Alabama vorzudrin­gen. Mobile kapitulierte im April 1862 vor Canby’s Infantry (McPherson, p. 810 f).



- Alberts: The Battle of Glorieta, p. 12



- Bell, Joseph M.: "The Campaign of New Mexico, 1862," War Papers read before the Commandery of the State of Wisconsin, Mili­tary Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States (Milwaukee, Wis.: Burdick, Armitage and Allen: 1891) (Bell war First Lieutenant in the Third US Cavalry)

- Cucullu, Ernest (Capt. CSA): CS-Secret Service Fund (und seine Übergabe an MajGen Canby am 3.6.1865); Confederate Veteran, vil. I, S. 43

- Heymann, Max L. jr.: Prudent Soldier: A Biography of Major General E. R. S. Canby, 1817-1873 (Glendale, Calif.: Arthur H. Clark, 1959)

- Mumey, Nolie (ed.): Bloody Trails along the Rio Grande: A Day-by-Day Diary of Alonzo Ferdinand Ickis (Denver, Colo.: Fred A. Rosenstock, 1958) (Ickis war Private in Dodd's Independent Company of Colorado Volunteers)

- Whitford, William Clarke: Colorado Volunteers in the Civil War: The New Mexico Campaign in 1862 (1906, Reprint, Glorieta, New Mex.: Rio Grande Press, 1971)



Candler, William L.:

US-Captain; 1863 Mitglied im Stab von Hooker's Army of the Potomac (Sears: Chancellorsville, p. 128-29, 235, 284, 338, 358, 428).



Cannon, Newton:

CS-First Sergeant; Co. I, 11th Regiment Tennessee Cavalry (Holman's); Cannon enlisted as Corporal (National Park Soldiers M231 Roll 7).



- **Cannon, Newton: The Reminiscenses of Sergeant Newton Cannon; ed. Campbell H. Brown (Franklin/Tenn.: Caerter House Asso­ciation, 1963)



Cantey, James:

CS-BrigGen; 30.12.1818-30.6.1874; auch als George Cantey bezeichnet (so bei Castel, Decision in the West, p. 130, 136, 138, 141, 145-47, 166, 338, 585 n 30). Geboren in Camden / South Carolina; graduiert South Carolina College; Studium der Rechte; Rechtsan­walt in Camden; während zwei Legislaturperioden Abgeordneter im South Carolina Parlament; im Mexikokrieg Offizier im Palmetto Regiment; dabei verwundet. Nach dem Mexikokrieg siedelte Camden als Farmer in Russel County / Alabama. 1861 Col 15th Alaba­ma Infantry; eingesetzt mit seinem Regiment 1862 unter Jackson während der Valley Campaign und im Sommer 1862 in den Seven Days Battles vor Richmond. Anschließend versetzt zur Western Army. Am 8.1.1863 BrigGen. Brigade Cantey im Corps Polk, Battle of Resaca / Georgia 13.-16.5.1864 während Sherman's Atlanta Campaign (Bailey: Battle for Atlanta, p. 38; Secrist, Battle of Resaca, p. 14, 41, 42; Castel: Decision in the West, p. 130, 136, 138, 141, 145-47, 166, 338, 585 n 30).



- Warner: Generals in Grey, p. 43



- Boatner, p. 121

- Patrick, Robert: Reluctant Rebel: The Secret Diary of Robert Patrick, 1861-1865; ed. F. Jay Taylor (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959); Anm. Patrick war Quartermaster Clerk in Cantey's Headquarter)

- Warner: Generals in Grey, p. 43



Cantwell, John Lucas:

formerly Captain Co. D, 13th Battalion North Carolina Infantry, was appointed Colonel of the 51st Regiment North Carolina Infantry in April 1862, but resigned in October 1862 for personal reasons. Returning in service in November 1863, he was appointed Captain of Co. F, 3rd North Carolina Infantry Regiment. Captured at the Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse/VA, he moved through various prisoner camps until he was released at Fort Delaware am 25.5.1865 (Munson, E. B. ([ed.]: Confederate Incognito: The Civil War Reports of „Long Grabs“ a.k.a. Murdoch John McSween, 26th and 35th North Carolina Infantry, p. 239, Anm. 16).



Carleton (Carlton), Alfred L.:

US-Major; 1st Regiment Vermont Heavy Artillery


Im Zivilberuf war er Kaufmann in Montpelier/Vermont; Quartermaster, später Lieutenant 1st Regiment Vermont Hea­vy Artillery (Le­doux: „Quite ready to be sent somewhere“. The Civil War Letters of Aldace Freeman Walker, p. 19, Letter from 28.8.1862 und S. 22 Anm. 23).


Die Schreibweise ist unsicher: Aldace Freeman Walker schreibt „Carleton“ (Ledoux: „Quite ready to be sent somewhere“. The Civil War Letters of Aldace Freeman Walker, p. 19, Letter from 28.8.1862 und S. 22 Anm. 23); auf dem Photo nennt er sich “Bvt. Major A. L. Carlton“; im Roster 1st Regiment Vermont Heavy Artillery ist er als „Quartermaster Alfred L. Carlton“ angegeben (National Park Soldiers M557 Roll 3).



Carleton, George W.:

US-Pvt; Co. K, 20th Regiment Maine Infantry (National Park Soldiers M543 Roll 3; LaFantasie: Josua Chamberlain and the American Dream; in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobo­dy Knows, p. 227n9).



- **Carleton, George W. (Pvt; Co. K, 20th Maine Infantry): Letter to A. B. Farwell, 6.1.1866; Frost Family Papers, Yale University Library, New Haven, Conn.



Carper, William W.:

CS-Pvt, 35th Battalion Virginia Cavalry (Angabe auf Photo Library of the Congress) bzw. Co. 2C, 36th Regiment Virginia Infantry (2nd Kanawha Infantry) (Abgabe bei National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 9).



Carper, Philip W., Pvt. 35th Battalion, Virginia cavalry (Library of the Congress LC-B8184-10018)



Capers, Ellison:

14.10.1837 Charleston/SC - † 22.4.1908 Columbia/SC; CS-BrigGen, Gist's Brigade (National Park Soldiers, M818 ROLL 5); Col; Col 24th South Carolina Infantry; Gist's Brigade (Castel: Decision in the West, p. 484, 504-505, 520). Sohn von Wil­liam Capers (1790-1855) und Susan McGill (1797-1860; Tochter von William McGill, Kershaw County/SC) (http://www.resear­ sccw/bios/biosc2.htm, Abruf vom 7.6.2015; gr&GRid=8961, Ab­ruf vom 7.6.2015).


William Capers, the grandfather of Ellison, was a soldier of the revolution, a lieutenant in the Second South Carolina regiment, and after the fall of Charleston in 1780, one of Marion's captains in his famous partisan brigade, in which his only brother, G. Sinclair Ca­pers, held the same rank. Several thrilling incidents in the career of these two gallant partisan captains are related by Judge James, of South Carolina, in his life of Marion. They were both planters bios/biosc2.htm, Abruf vom 7.6.2015).

Capers was the son of a Methodist bishop. He was born in Charleston, South Carolina, and educated in local schools. He graduated from South Carolina Military Academy, later known as The Citadel, in 1857, and then worked as a teacher at the academy. At the out­break of the Civil War, Capers joined the Confederate Army with the rank of major (aus: Wikipedia, Stichwort Ellison Capers, Ab­ruf vom 7.6.2015). Major Capers und sein Vorgesetzter, Col James Johnston Pettigrew (beide 1st Regiment of Rifles, South Carolina Militia) verhandelten bei Ausbruch der Fort Sumter Krise im Auftrag von South Carolina Governor, Francis W. Pickens, mit Major Robert *Anderson, dem Kommandanten von Fort Sumter (Wilson: Pettigrew and his Men, p. 33).


Capers served on coastal defense duties until 1863, having been promoted to lieutenant colonel of the 24th South Carolina Infantry. In May 1863 the regiment joined the army of General Joseph E. Johnston for the Vicksburg Campaign. Capers was wounded but pro­moted to colonel. Capers returned to field ser­vice in time for the Chickamauga Campaign with the Army of Tennessee. He fought in the disastrous Battle of Franklin. After the campaign he commanded a brigade, replacing States Rights Gist, who had been killed in action. Capers was promoted to brigadier general on March 1, 1865, shortly before the end of hostilities. He was captured at Bentonville, North Carolina, but there is no record of parole. Capers returned home after the Civil War. In December 1865, he was elected Secretary of State for South Carolina. He was rector of Christ Church (Episcopal) in Greenville. He served as the Episcopal Bishop of South Carolina from 1894 to his death. He also served as chancellor of Sewanee: The University of the South from 1904 to 1908. He died in Columbia, South Carolina, and is buried there at Trinity Episcopal Churchyard (aus: Wikipedia, Stichwort Ellison Capers, Abruf vom 7.6.2015).


Bruder von CS-BrigGen Francis Withers *Capers (1819 - 1892) (, Abruf vom 7.6.2015); °° Charlotte Re­becca Palmer Capers (1837 - 1908) (, Abruf vom 7.6.2015).



- Brig Gen Ellison Capers (aus Wikipedia, Stichwort Ellison Capers, Abruf vom 7.6.2015)

- Bischof Ellison Capers (aus: Wikipedia, Stichwort Ellison Capers, Abruf vom 7.6.2015).

- Grabstein von Ellison Capers, Trinity Episcopal Cathedral Cemetery, Columbia/SC (http://www.­



- Capers, Ellison: Letters (Duke University, Durham / North Carolina)

- Capers, W. B.: The Soldier Bishop Ellison Capery (New York, 1912)

- Confederate Military History Vol. 5, pg. 383



Capers, Francis Withers:

8.8.1819 Savannah. Georgia/SV - † 11.1.1892 Charleston/SC ( gr&GRid=8961, Ab­ruf vom 7.6.2015).; CS-BrigGen; ab 1859 Superintendent des Georgia Military Institute; 11.11.1861 BrigGen Georgia State Troops; kommandierte vor­übergehend eine Militia Brigade in der Küstenverteidigung von Georgia; dann erneut Superintendent des Georgia Military Institute; unter seiner Leitung wurden 1863 die Verteidigungsanlagen bei Resaca / Georgia errichtet; Teilnahme am Battle of Resaca mit zwei Kadetten-Kompanien der Georgia Military Institute; anschließend bei der Verteidigung von Atlanta einge­setzt Ca­per's Kadetten kämpften in Ball's Ferry und während Sherman's March to the Sea (Allardice: More Generals in Gray, p. 49).


Sohn von William Capers (1790-1855) und Susan McGill (1797-1860; Tochter von William McGill, Kershaw County/SC) ( bios/biosc2.htm, Abruf vom 7.6.2015; gr&GRid=8961, Abruf vom 7.6.2015). Bruder von CS-BrigGen 'Ellison *Capers (1819 - 1892) ( gr&GRid=8961, Abruf vom 7.6.2015).



- Allardice: More Generals in Gray, p. 49

- Francis Withers Capers (Gemälde) (aus:



Capron, Horace:

US-Col; 14th Illinois Cavalry; im Juli 1863 eingesetzt bei der Verfolgung von Morgan's Raiders (Horwitz: The Longest Raid, p. 33); später Brig Gen Horace Capron; Capron’s Cavalry Brigade (14th Illinois Cavalry und 8th Michigan Cavalry), während Sherman’s At­lanta Campaign in *Stoneman’s Cavalry (John Schofield’s Armee) auf dem rechten Flügel Sherman’s einge­setzt; deckte am *Sweet­water Creek zusammen mit Stoneman’s Cavalry am 9./10.7.1864 den Flußübergang über den *Chattahoo­chee River gegenüber Sand­town / Georgia (Karte bei Davis Nr. 60.1; Evans, Sherman’s Horsemen, p. 51, 53, 55); Capron nahm anschließend mit seiner Brigade am Moore’s Bridge Raid (10.-18.7.1864) teil.



- Capron, Horace: „A Brief Record of the Military Services of General Horace Capron and the 14th Regiment of Illinois Cavalry Vol­unteers.“ Horace Capron Papers, microfilm copies. State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison



Capron, Thaddeus H.:

US-Regimental Quartermaster; Co. F&S, 55th Regiment Illinois Infantry; mustered in Pvt, Co. C (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 14); from Illinois (Castel: Decision in the West, p. 581 n 34).



- Capron, Thaddeus H.: "War Diary of Thaddeus H. Capron, 1861-1865"; in: Journal of the Illinois Historical Society 12 (1919); S. 380, 382



Cardwell, Thomas A.:

CS-Pvt; Co E 1st Battalion Arkansas Cavalry; Cardwell's letters, dated from 1862 to 1863, were written from various points in Ar­kansas and Mississippi and describe some military operations prior to the siege of Vicksburg. Cardwell was captured with the rest of General John C. Pemberton's army on July 4, 1863, at Vicksburg and was released on parole.



- Cardwell, Thomas A.: Letters; in: William Harper Cardwell: Papers, 1854-1866; 26 items. Letters and papers pertaining to the Wil­liam Harper Cardwell family of Fayetteville (Washington County). The collection includes thirteen letters from Private Thomas A. Cardwell, Company E, First Battalion Arkansas Cavalry, to his father, William, his brother, Addison F. Cardwell, and other members of his family. Thomas's letters, dated from 1862 to 1863, were written from various points in Arkansas and Mississippi and describe some military operations prior to the siege of Vicksburg. Cardwell was captured with the rest of General John C. Pemberton's army on July 4, 1863, at Vicksburg and was released on parole. In addition to the letters, the Cardwell collection includes a parole oath si­gned by Thomas on July 7, 1863, an amnesty oath signed by Addison in 1866, and several examples of Arkansas Confederate curren­cy and postage stamps (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).



Carleton, James Henry:

27.12.1814 Lubec/Maine - † 7.1.1873 San Antonio/Texas


Carleton was an officer in the U. S. Army and a general in the Union army during the American Civil War. Carleton is best known as an Indian fighter in the southwestern United States.  He was commissioned as a Lieutenant in the US Army in 1839, during the Aroostook War, and took part in the Mexican-American War. He served in the 1st U.S. Dragoons in the American West, participa­ting as a Lieutenant in an 1844 expedition to the Pawnee and the Oto.


US-MajGen (breveted) und LtCol US-Army; Col 1st California Infantry Regiment  August 19, 1861 - June 1, 1862.


In 1861 Carleton raised and was appointed colonel of the 1st California Volunteer Infantry Regiment. In October 1861, Colonel Car­leton replaced Brigadier General George Wright as commander of the District of Southern California. In 1862 he led the so-cal­led California Column across CaliforniaArizonaNew Mexico, and into Texas. Along the way the Californians fought the Battle of Picacho Pass and, afterward, the Battle of Apache Pass. Carleton was promoted to Brigadier General of volunteers on April 28, du­ring the march from California to Arizona. He also established Fort Bowie near Apache Pass. Carleton finally linked up with Union forces under General Edward R. S. Canby in New Mexico. After the Confederate threat to New Mexico seemed to have been elimi­nated, Canby and many of the Union forces were sent to the east; so, in late August, Carleton was placed in command of the Depart­ment of New Mexico. Because of uncertainty as to whether the Confederates would try to re-invade New Mexico, Carleton took measures such as maintaining spies along the New Mexico-Texas border and retaining the services of volunteer units from Colorado which had played a prominent role in expelling the Confederates from New Mexico in the winter and spring of 1862 (­

During his tenure as department commander, Carleton was concerned mainly with Indian threats. His primary field commander was Colonel Christopher "Kit" Carson. Carleton campaigned relentlessly against the Indians, and although he was strong on discipline, he was popular with his men. Against the Navajo he elected scorched earth tactics. Carleton's campaigning brought the depredations of the Navajo to an end at Canyon de Chelly, and was followed by the "Long Walk". Carleton next sent Carson on an expedition to rid the southwest of Indian raids which resulted in the Battle of Adobe Walls. One notorious quote by Carleton on the subject of Indians: "All Indian men of that tribe are to be killed whenever and wherever you can find them…. If the Indians send in a flag of truce say to the bearer ... that you have been sent to punish them for their treachery and their crimes. That you have no power to make peace, that you are there to kill them wherever you can find them." (

Carleton was appointed brevet major general in the regular army in 1865, the same year that the Civil War ended. He retained com­mand of his volunteer troops until 1866 when U.S. Regulars took over in the West. Carleton served as a lieutenant colonel of the 4th U.S. Cavalry after the war (



- Hunt, Aurora, James H. Carleton, 1814–1873, Western Frontier Dragoon, Frontier Military Series II, Glendale, California: The Ar­thur H. Clark Company, 1958



Carley, Alvah B.:

US-Pvt 5th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment Co. L. 18 years old upon enlistment. Enlisted on 8/19/1862 at Lowville, NY as a Private. On 9/12/1862 he mustered into "C" Co. NY 5th Heavy Artillery. He died of disease on 11/26/1864 at Maryland Heights, MD.



Carlile, John Snyder:

US-Politiker, 1817-78; US-Senator aus West-Virginia; Abgeordneter im 37. Congress der USA; wurde Carlile im Juli 1861 in den US-Senat gewählt als Nachfolger von Robert M. T. Hunter auf dessen verwaisten Senatssitz. Zuvor hatte Carlile auf der Versamm­lung von Wheeling / West Virginia die Trennung West Virginias von Virginia und die Gründung eines eigenen Staates West Virginia gefordert; er unterlag auf der Abstimmung gegen mehr moderate Ansichten und die Gründung wurde zwei Jahre lang zurückgestellt (Ruffin, Diary II 29 mit Anm. 19).



Carlin, William P.:

US-MajGen; 1829-1903; aus Illinois; West Point 1850 (20/44); Infantry; US-Berufsoffizier; 2.3.1861 Beförderung zum Captain in der 6th US-Infantry; Col 38th Illinois Infantry 15.8.1861; ++++ (Boatner, S. 123) +++ BrigGen 29.11.1862 ++++Carlin was a West Pointer who joined the 38th Illinois in 1861 and went on to become a Brigadier General, having fought at Perryville, Stones River, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Resaca, Kennesaw Mountain, Jonesboro, Bentonville and Atlanta



· Carlin, William P.: The Battle of Bentonville - Brevet Major General Wm. P. Carlin, U.S.A. (Ohio MOLLUS Sketches of War His­tory Volume Three Transcribed by Larry Stevens: Sketches of War History, 1861-1865. Papers read before the Ohio Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. 1888-1890. Edited by Robert Hunter, late Captain U.S.V., Recorder. Pu­blished by the Com­mandery. Volume Three. Cincinnati. Robert Clarke and Company. 1890. Reprinted by Broadfoot Publishing Co. NC. 1991 )

- Girardi, Robert and Nat Hughes (ed.): Carlin, William P. (38th Illinois): The Memoirs of William Passmore Carlin (Univ Nebraska, 1999).



Carll, George W.:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 14th Regiment New York (Brooklyn) Infantry (Tevis: Fighting Fourteenth, p. 271; Anm.: in National Park Soldiers he is not noted in this unit); Age, 20 years. Enlisted, April 18, 1861, at Brooklyn, to serve three years; mustered in as private, Co. A, May 23, 1861; missing in action, July 1, 1863, at Gettysburg, Pa.; returned to company, October 8, 1863; mustered out with company, June 6, 1864, at New York City (Tevis: Fighting Fourteenth, p. 271); in National Park Soldiers (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 21) is mentioned in 1865 as Pvt George W. Carll, 56th Regiment New York National Guard (New, 1865).



Carlton, James H.:

US-General; Carlton löst im September 1862 Edward R. S. *Canby als KomGen. des Wehrbereichs New Mexico ab (Längin S. 127)



Carman, Ezra A.:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 13th Regiment New Jersey Infantry (National Park Soldiers M550 Roll 4); zuvor LtCol 7tr Regiment New Jersey Infantry (National Park Soldiers M550 Roll 4)


Während Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign 1864 gehörte die 13th New Jersey Infantry unter Col Ezra A. Carman zur 2nd Brigade Brig­Gen Thomas H. Ruger, 1st Division BrigGen Alpheus S. Williams, XX Corps MajGen Joseph P. Hooker (B & L, vol. IV, S. 286), MajGen George H. Thomas’ Army of the Cumberland. Teilnahme am Battle of Resaca am 14./15.5.1864. Die Division Williams wur­de hierbei an den äußersten linken Flügel der US-Front verlegt zur Unterstützung des dort eingesetzten IV. Corps, welches praktisch in der Luft hing. Gegen diesen Flügel erfolgte der CS-Angriff von Gen Hood mit den Divisionen Stewart und Stevenson mit dem Ziel Sherman‘s Army zu flankieren und sie von ihren rückwärtigen Verbindungen nach Snake Creek Gap abzuschneiden. Der Angriff wurde erst im letzten Moment, nachdem die US-Front bereits zerbrochen war, durch Captain Simonson‘s Artillery im direkten Be­schuß zusammen geschossen (Castel: Decision in the West, p. 163 ff).


Carman war nach dem Krieg Mitglied des Antietam Battlefield Board und Mitherausgeber des 'Atlas of the Battlefield of Antietam'. Er sammelte nach dem Krieg umfangreiches Material über die Schlacht von Antietam, für ein Manuscript, das unveröffentlicht blieb, und unausgewertet in der Library of Congress schlummerte. Erst Stephen W. *Sears stieß aufgrund eines Hinweises von Bruce *Cat­ton auf dieses Material, das er bei seinem Werk über die Schlacht von Antietam benutzte (Sears, Landscape Turned Red, p. 373).



- Carman, Ezra A.: „History of the Antietam Campaign“; Library of Congress, Washington

- **Carman, Ezra: „Maryland Campaign,“ typed transcript of his handwritten notes; Antietam National Battlefield; bzw. V. Manus­cript Division. Library of Congress

- Carman, Ezra: „Battle of South Mountain, September 14th, 1862,“ Ezra Carman typed transcript, pp. 224-232 (zitiert bei Priest: Battle of South Mountain, Bibliography, S. 411)



Carmichael, Abner Bynum:

1831 - † gef. 14.3.1862 Battle of New Bern/NC; beerd. Presbyterian Cemetery, Wilkesboro/NC (; CS-Major; Co. C, 26th North Carolina Infantry Regi­ment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 6); er war zunächst Commander der Wilkes Volunteers, die am 27.8.1861 als Co. C in das 26th North Carolina Infantry Regiment aufgenommen wurden. Carmichael wurde am 27.8.1861 als Major des 26th North Caroli­na Infantry Regiment gewählt (Bragg: Covered with Glory, p. 11). Im Battle of New Berne kommandierte Major Carmichael die links in der Regimentslinie verschanzten Co. A, D und G der 26th North Carolina Infantry (Hess: Lee's Tar Heels, p. 13).



- **Stepp, Jeff: „Dedications of the New Gravestone for Major Abner Carmichael“; Company Front (May-June 1995)



Carnes, W. W.:

CS-Lt; Carnes's Tennessee Battery; die Einheit wurde während der Schlacht von Shiloh bei Verteidigung des rückwärtigen Raumes bei Corinth / Mississippi eingesetzt (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 121, 321).



Carothers, J. S.:

CS-+++; 45th Mississippi Infantry



- Carothers. J. S.: "Forty-Five Mississippi Regiment." Confederate Veteran, vol 6 (April 1898), S. 175



Carpenter, J. Edward:

US-Major; Co. F&S, 8th Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry (B&L, vol. III, p. 187, rank given as Major); Captain, Co. DKL, 8th Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 18); at first 1stLt (2ndLt), Co. D&K, 16th Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 18).



- Carpenter, J. Edward: „The Charge of the Eighth Pennsylvania Cavalry“; in: B&L, vol. III, p. 187

- Carpenter, J. Edward: „The Charge of the Eighth Pennsylvania Cavalry“; in: Arnold C. Francs Collection, Tucson, Arizona



Carpenter, George N.:

US-Captain; Co. F&S, 8th Regiment Vermont Infantry; mustered in as Sergeant Major Co. C (National Park Soldiers M557 Roll 3).



- **Carpenter, George N.: History of the Eighth Regiment Vermont Volunteers, 1861-1865 (Boston, 1886); 322 pp; Rosters; Maps



Carpenter, George N.:

US-2ndLt; Co. I, 9th Regiment Vermont Infantry (National Park Soldiers M557 Roll 3).


Enlisted in Company I, Vermont 9th Infantry Regiment on 09 Jul 1862.Promoted to Full 1st Sergeant on 01 Jul 1864.Promoted to Full 1st Lieutenant on 21 Jun 1865.Promoted to Full 2nd Lieutenant on 05 Feb 1865.Mustered out on 13 Jun 1865 (Roster of Vermont Volun­teers During the War of the Rebellion 1861-66).



Carpenter, Henry C.:

CS-Corporal; † 6.10.1864 Woodstock, Virginia; aus Bland County, Virginia; Co. H, 45th Virginia Infantry



- Carpenter, Henry C.: Letters, 1862-64. Born in Bland County, Virginia. Corporal in Company H, 45th Virginia Infantry. Papers con­sist of seven letters from Carpenter to his sister Elizabeth, written between February 1862 and June 1864 while encamped in the Ka­nawha Valley of West Virginia; Monroe County, West Virginia; Saltville, Virginia; and Harrisonburg, Virginia. Participated in the Battle of Cloyd's Farm in May 1864. Died in Woodstock, Virginia, on October 6, 1864. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Col­lections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Li­braries Ms 96-008).



Carpenter, James Edward:

US-Captain; 1stLt; Co. D&K, 16th Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry (161st Volunteers) (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 18), later Captain, Co. DKL, 8th Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 18).



- Carpenter, J. Edward: „The Charge of the Eighth Pennsylvania Cavalry“; in: B&L, vol. III, p. 187

- Carpenter, J. Edward: „The Charge of the Eighth Pennsylvania Cavalry“; in: Arnold C. Francs Collection, Tucson, Arizona

- Carpenter, J. Edward: „Gregg's Cavalry at Gettysburg,“ included in „Annals of the war. Written by Leading Participants North & South. Philadelphia: Philadelphia Weekly Times Publishing Co., 1879



Carpenter, James L.:

US-Captain; Co. F, 7th Regiment Michigan Cavalry; mustered in as 1stLt (National Park soldiers M545 Roll 7); later Captain, Co. B, 1st Regiment Michigan Cavalry (National Park soldiers M545 Roll 7).



- Carpenter, James L.: „My Experience at Gettysburg,“ included in William O. Lee, comp. Personal and Historical Sketches and Facial History of and by Members of the Seventh Regiment Michigan Cavalry 1862-1865. Detroit, MI: Ralston-Stroup , 1904



Carpenter, John C.:

CS-Captain; Carpenter’s Battery (Carpenter’s Allegheny Light Artillery; Allegheny Rough Artillery) (National Park Soldiers M392 Roll 9).


Graduate des Virginia Military Institute (VMI) und Schüler Jackson's. Kompanie-Chef der Co A 27th Virginia Infantry (Hinweis bei Natio­nal Park Soldiers M392 Roll 9); dann Batteriechef einer Artillerie Batterie (Carpenter's Battery) unter Jack­son während der Valley Campaign (Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, p. 52; OR I 5: 977, 390). Carpenter trat als First Lieu­tenant in die Battery ein und wurde später Captain (National Park Soldiers M392 Roll 9).


Teilnahme am Battle of Antietam 17.9.1862, eingesetzt am linken Flügel von Lee's Army of Northern Virginia (Krick: Defending Lee's Flank. J.E.B. Stuart, John Pelham, and Confederates on Nicodemus Heights; in: Gallagher: The Antietam Campaign, p. 194).


Teilnahme von Captain John C. Carpenter's Battery am Angriff auf Winchester/VA am 13.6.1863 (Nye: Here come the Rebels, p. 81).



- **Fonerden, Clarence A.: A Brief History of the Military Career of Carpenter's Battery, From its Organization as a Rifle Company un­der the Name of the Alleghany Roughs to the Ending of the War Between the States (New Market 1911); This unit served with the Stonewall Brigade designated as Company "A" of the 27th Regiment of the 1st Virginia Brigade.



Carpenter, Leonard W.:

US-LtCol; 1863 Regimentskommandeur 4th Ohio Infantry; Carpenter's 4th Ohio Infantry gehörte im Juli 1863 zu Samuel S. *Car­rol's Brigade (*Gibraltar Brigade) und verteidigte am 2.7.1863 den East Cemetery Hill im Battle of Gettysburg.



Carpenter, Matthew H.:

US-Senator aus Wisconsin Senator who staunchly supported the Union.



- Flower, F. A.: Life of Matthew H. Carpenter (Madison 1883)



Carr, Austin A.:

US-Pvt; 82nd New York Infantry



- Carr, Austin A. (82nd NY): A Casualty at Gettysburg and Andersonville: Selections from the Diary of Private Austin A. Carr of the 82nd N.Y. Infantry (Longstreet House, 1998); Revised Edition; Edited by David Martin; 28 pp; Photos; Maps; Illustrations



Carr, Charles W.:

US-Pvt; Co. D, 21st Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 5; Noe: Perryville, p. 115).



- **Carr, Charles (Pvt, Co. D, 21st Regiment Wisconsin Infantry): Collection. Chicago Historical Society



Carr, Eugene Asa:

US-BrigGen; 1820-1910; aus New York; West Point 1850 (19/44); US-Berufsoffizier; Mounted Rifles, Cavalry; Indianerkriege, hier­bei schwer verwundet; 1858 Captain 1st US Cavalry; versetzt zur 4th US Cavalry am 3.8.1861; eingesetzt in Missouri; Battle of Wil­son's Creek am 10.8.1861; Col 3rd Illinois Cavalry 16.8.1861; im US-Department of Missouri Brigadekommandeur 3rd Brigade in Samuel Ryan *Curtis Army of the Southwest vom 12.10.-28.12.1861 und der 4th Division Army of the Southwest.


Col Carr's Division umfaßte folgende Einheiten (Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, p. 333):

- 1st Brigade Col Grenville M. Dodge

- 4th Iowa Infantry LtCol John Galligan

- 35th Illinois Infantry Col Gustavus A. Smith

- 1st Independent Battery, Iowa Light Artillery Captain Junius A. Jones

- 3rd Illinois Cavalry Major John McConnell

- 2nd Brigade Col William Vandever

- 9th Iowa Infantry LtCol Francis J. Herron

- 25th Missouri Infantry Col John S. Phelps

- 3rd Independent Battery, Iowa Light Artillery

(Dubuque Battery) Captain Mortimer M.



Battle of Pea Ridge, hierbei dreimal verwundet, weigerte er sich das Schlachtfeld zu verlassen und nahm an der Schlacht weiter teil, festgebunden auf seinem Pferd (Boatner, p. 127); hierfür wurde Carr mit der Medal of Honor ausgezeichnet und zum BrigGen beför­dert. Divisionskommandeur 2nd Division District East Arkansas in der Army of the Southwest vom 7.10. - 13. Nov. 1862, sowie im District von St. Louis vom 13.11.1862 bis 23.2.1863; Divisionskommandeur 2nd Division Army of the Southwest in Missouri im Fe­bruar/März 1863.


Teilnahme an Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 1863; Divisionskommandeur 14th Division in McClernand's XIII Army Corps (Bear­ss, Edwin Cole: The Vicksburg Campaign, Vol. II, a.a.O, Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik44d2, S. 404); Marsch zur Umgehung von *Grand Gulf auf der Westseite des Mississippi in Louisiana von Coffee's Point bis zum Ufer gegenüber *Bruinsburg im April 1863 (Bearss, a.a.O, S. 317-18; Karte: Davis Nr. 155 D6); Carr's Division (1st Brigade BrigGen William E. Benton, 2nd Brigade Col William M. Stone) führte den Vorstoß von McClernand's XIII. Army Corps von Bruinsburg Richtung Port Gibson an (Bearss, p. 319). Battle of Port Gibson, Miss. am 1.5.1863.



- Bearss, Edwin Cole: Vicksburg Campaign, vol. II, S. 39, 40, 41, 47, 270, 273, 274, 291, 295, 296, 314, 319, 356, 359, 361, 366, 374, 375, 378, 379, 381, 385, 404, 429, 446, 48, 459, 461, 463, 521, 561, 570, 580, 585, 617, 618, 628, 629, 630, 640, 648, 663, 665, 671, 674, 680, 687

- Bearss, Edwin Cole: Vicksburg Campaign, vol. III, S. 758, 790, 800, 863, 881, 930, 935, 959

- Carr, William Riley: Bloody Hill, p. 176, 182, 197-99, 205, 208-09

- Shea/Hess: Pea Ridge, p. 9-10, 12, 14, 42, 53, 59-60, 66-67, 93-94, 119-21, 146-47, 149, 151-58, 161-84, 189, 191, 201-02, 216, 221, 225, 228, 235, 238, 253, 257, 282, 300, 311, 315, 329



Carr, George K.:

US- +++; 149th Regiment New York Infantry (Gottfried: Brigades of Gettysburg, p. 387, 389, 390, 392, 393). Note: the citation by Gottfried is wrong. The author of the book „Memoirs“ is Captain George K. Collins



- Carr, George K.: Memoirs of the 149th N.Y. Infantry (Syracuse, NY: Author, 1891); PDF available



Carr, George W.:




- Elisha Hunt:: All for the Union, p. 67



Carr, Henry M.:

US-Major; zunächst Captain, Co. B, 72nd Indiana Infantry (National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 12); Carr wurde bei der Aufstel­lung der Co. B in Crawfordsville, Montgomery County/Indiane zum Captain gewählt (Magee: Seventy-Second Indiana, p. 9).



Carr, James:

US-Pvt; 56th New York Infantry



- Carr, James: Letters, 1862. Soldier in the 56th New York Regiment. Collection consists of two letters written by Carr and Thomas Clark, also of the 56th New York Regiment, in June 1862 from near the Chickahominy River, Virginia. Both letters are to a man na­med Robert. Carr's letter describes in detail the regiment's involvement in the Battle of Fair Oaks and Seven Oaks. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide - Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Depart­ment of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 90-035).



Carr, Joseph B.:




Carr, Levi F.:

Schulkamerad von Elisha Hunt Rhodes und wie dieser ab Mai 1861 Private in der 2nd Rhode Island Infantry (Rhodes, Elisha Hunt: All for the Union, p. 4).



Carr, Thomas H.:

US-First Lieutenant; 1861 in der 2nd Rhode Island Infantry (Rhodes, Elisha Hunt: All for the Union, p. 5)



Carrington, George D.:

US-2ndLt; at first Pvt, Co. B, 11th Regiment Illinois Infantry (3 month, 1861) (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 14); than mustered in as Musici­an, Co. B, 11th Regiment Illinois Infantry, at least 2ndLt Co. B, 11th Regiment Illinois Infantry (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 14).



- Carrington, George Dodd: Diary (Chicago Historical Society, Chicago) with vivid accounts of camp life and engagements at Donel­son, Shiloh, and Vicksburg (Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, p. 394)



Carrington, Henry Beebe:

US-Brig Gen (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 128-129).


Carrington was promoted BrigGen USV 29.11.1862 and was active in exposing and trying the Sons of Liberty and other disloyal groups (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 129). BrigGen Henry B. Carrington's exposé of the Knights of the Golden Circle seemed to give sub­stance to the rumors that Democratic dissidents were planning to effect a revolution which would lead to the establishment of a Nor­thwestern Confederacy (Klement: Dark Lanterns, p. 189).



Carrington, Joseph:

CS-Captain; aus Charlottesville / Va.; Batteriechef von Carrington's Charlottesville Light Artillery (Tanner: Stonewall in the Val­ley, p. 369).



Carroll, Samuel Sprigg:

US-MajGen; 1832-93; West Point 1856 (44/49), Infantry; Col. 8th Ohio Infantry; im Battle of Kernstown am 23.3.1862 gehörte die 8th Ohio Infantry zur 1st Brigade Kimball, Division Shields, Bank's Army Corps (OR 12 [I]: 340 [Shields' Report]). Teilnahme am Battle of Kernstown am 23.3.1862 (Carrol's Report OR 12 [I] 368).


Col Carroll (Brigade Commander of Carroll's Brigade, 4th Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps McDowell, Pope's Army of Virgi­nia) was wounded in a skirmish at Somerset Ford/VA on 17.8.1862 (Hennessy: Return to Bull Run, p. 44, who mistakenly gives his rank as 'General'). Carroll recei­ved a painful flesh wound in the chest that would incapacitate him for the rest of the 1862 campaign (Hennessy: Return to Bull Run, p. 482n18).


Carrol's Brigade (*Gibraltar Brigade) verteidigte am 2.7.1863 mit 7th WVA, 4th and 8th Ohio, and 14th Indiana den East Cemetery Hill im Battle of Gettysburg. Carroll wurde verwundet am 5.4.1864 im Battle of the Wilderness als Brigadekommandeur in Han­cock's 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac (Porter: Campaigning with Grant, p. 52); seine Brigade führte am 2. Tag des Battle of the Wilder­ness einen wichtigen Gegenangriff und eroberte die durch - von Gen. Robert E. Lee persönlich geführten - CS-Truppen eroberten Stellungen von Hancock's 2nd Army Corps zurück (Porter, Campai­ning with Grant, p. 62); BrigGen seit 12.5.1864;



- Gary Lash: Twenty-Five Minutes of Fighting: The Gibraltar Brigade on East Cemetery Hill (Butternut and Blue); 215 pp; 6 Maps; Index; 62 Photos



Carroll, W. C.:

US-Journalist; Reporter des New York Herald; Carroll war während der Schlacht von Shiloh ein Volunteer Aid im Stab von US Grant; direkt nach der Schlacht eilte Carroll zur Telegraphenstation in Fort Henry und war der erste Reporter der über die Schlacht von Shiloh berichtete (Catton: Grant Moves South, p. 251 und S. 513n19; Brief Carroll's vom 24.12.1862 an den Congress-Abgeordn­eten Washburn; in: Washburn Papers ).



Carroll, William H.:

CS-BrigGen; 1810 (?)-68; Tenn. Eldest son of a six-term Gov. of Tenn; he framed in Panola County, Miss., before moving to Mem­phis in 1848. Here he was postmaster for several years. When Tenn. seceeded, he organized state troops for the CSA, became Col., then BrigGen of militia before commissioned BrigGen CSA. Briefly in Memphis, Carroll took over the post at Knoxville. After lea­ding his brigade in the skirmishes around Logan C. R., 19.1.1862 (s. auch Battle of Mill Springs), he was belately charged with in­competence and finally resigned 1.2.21863. Joining his family in Canada (where they had fled from occupied Memphis) he seen died there.



Carruth, Sumner:

US-BrigGen bvt.; Col; Col 35th Massachusetts Infantry während Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 1863 (Bearss: Vicksburg vol. III, S. 1145).


Sumner Carruth was an officer in the volunteer army of the United States during the American Civil War. He commanded the 35th Massachusetts Infantry and eventually rose to the command of two different brigades in the IX Corps ( wiki/Sumner_Carruth).


Carruth was born on December 22, 1834 in North Brookfield, Massachusetts. He worked as a machinist. At the outbreak of the Civil War he was a militia officer. His company, the Chelsea Light Infantry, was mustered into the federal service as Company H of the 1st Massachusetts Infantry in 1861. 1st Lt. Carruth was credited with the leading role in persuading the company to volunteer (


On May 22, 1861, Carruth, became captain of Company H by election. He first saw combat at First Bull Run in the brigade of Col. Israel B. Richardson. Carruth next served in the Army of the Potomac during the Peninsula Campaign. The regiment was in the III Corps in the division of Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker. Carruth was present at the Battle of Yorktown (1862), where his company distinguished itself. The company also fought at the Battle of Williamsburg. Carruth was wounded in the arm at the Battle of Seven Pines, apparently missing the subsequent battles of the Peninsula Campaign (


Carruth returned to the field as a major in the newly organized 35th Massachusetts Infantry, commissioned at that rank on August 21, 1862. He was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel on August 27 of that year. The regiment served in IX Corps in the division of Brig. Gen. Samuel D. Sturgis. Carruth was present at the Battle of South Mountain, where the commander, Col. Edward A. Wild was wounded. Carruth succeeded to command, but he was wounded at the Battle of Antietam near Burnside’s Bridge.[2] Car­ruth was captured at White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia on November 11, 1862, missing the Battle of Fredericksburg. After being exchanged, Carruth next served in IX Corps in the Department of the Ohio. He became colonel of his regiment on May 1, 1863 and served with the corps in the Siege of Vicksburg, as well as in Eastern Tennessee. Carruth led the 2nd brigade, 2nd division, IX Corps from February 2 to March 3, 1864, before the Corps was transferred back to Virginia. In Virginia, he led the same brigade in April 1864. Then he led 1st brigade, 1st division, IX Corps from April 25 to May 6, 1864. On the second day of the Battle of the Wilder­ness, May 6, Carruth's brigade was involved in the fighting on the Orange Plank Road. Fighting in the Wilderness alongside the troops of Brig. Gen. Alexander Webb and Brig. Gen. James Wadsworth, Carruth was felled by sunstroke and carried from the field (


Col. Carruth returned to IX Corps in the Army of the Potomac late in 1864 during the Siege of Petersburg, command his regiment. He led a brigade in the second division from January 23 to February 11, 1865, in the absence of Brig. Gen. John I. Curtin. He did so again from May 4 to June 9 of that year, serving in the Department of Washington after the Confederate surrender. Carruth was mus­tered out of the volunteer service on June 9, 1865. On January 13, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Carruth for the award of the honorary grade of brevet brigadier general, U.S. Volunteers, to rank from April 9, 1865, and the U.S. Senate confirmed the award on March 12, 1866. His brevet was awarded for gallant and meritorious services in the attack on Fort Mahone on April 2, 1865 during Battle of Petersburg III. Maj. Gen. John G. Parke, commander of IX Corps, recommended him; and two other officers com­mended his regiment for its role in that action (


Sumner Carruth married Clara Smith of Newark, New Jersey on August 18, 1862, just before leaving the 1st Massachusetts and joi­ning the 35th regiment. The Sumner’s had two daughters, Minnie Hale, born in 1863, and Clara Louise, born in 1869. Carruth farmed and served as a customs official. Sumner died in 1892 in Andover, Massachusetts and was buried in the West Parish Cemetery (



Carson, Christopher "Kit":

US-LtCol im 1st NMT Volunteer Infantry; vor dem Krieg Indianeragent; um 1850 *Frémont's Scout in dessen berühmter Exploration of the West; berühmter Indianer-Kämpfer; bis Frühling 1861 Indianer-Agent der US-Regierung für die Moache-, Tabeguache Ute und Jicarilla Apache (Josephy: The Civil War in the West, p. 3); stammte aus Taos / NMT (Josephy: The Civil War in the American West, a.a.O, S. 3, 41).



- Alberts, Don E. (ed.): Rebels on the Rio Grande: The Civil War Journal of A. B. Peticolas, University of New Mexico Press, Albu­querque 1984

- Blackwelder, Bernice: Great Westerners, Caxton Printers, Caldwell / Idaho, 1862

- Estergreen, M. Morgan: Kit Carson - A Portrait in Courage, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman 1962

- Guild, Thelma S. and Harvey L. Carter: Kit Carson - A Pattern for Heroes, University of Nebrasca Press, Lincoln, 1984

- Sabin, Edwin L.:: Kit Carson Days (1808-1868), A. C. McClurg & Co., Chicago 1914



Carson, James Harvey:

CS-BrigGen und Politiker; Ende 1861 / Anfang 1862 Kommandeur einer Miliz-Brigade im Shenandoah Valley unter Stonewall Jack­son (Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, p. 50, 68, 75, 78). Nach Abschluß von Jackson's Expedition nach Bath und Romney und der US-Räumung von Romney bezogen Jackson's Truppen ihre Winterquartiere. Carson's Militia konzentrierte sich dabei um Bath (Tan­ner, p. 78). Carson schied am 1.2.1862 aus und wurde erneut Politiker; Senator im Virginia Senate; Präsident des Virginia Senate (Allardice: More Generals in Gray, p. 51).



Carswell, Reuben Walker:

CS-LtCol (CSA) und BrigGen (Georgia Militia); 14.6.1861 Lt Co C 20th Georgia Infantry; März 1862 Captain Co E 48th Georgia Infantry; 22.3.1862 LtCol 48th Georgia Infantry; Carswell zeichnete sich im Seven Days Battle 1862 und im Battle of Chancellors­ville aus; 1863 zum Abgeordneten im Georgia Parlament gewählt; 1864 BrigGen Georgia Militia (Allardice: More Generals in Gray, p. 52).



- Allardice: More Generals in Gray, p. 52



Carter, Eugene:

US-Lt; Quartermaster 22nd Massachusetts Infantry; sein Bruder Robert Goldthwaite *Carter war Pvt im gleichen Regiment



- Carter, Robert Goldthwaite (22nd Massachusetts Infantry): Four Brothers in Blue; or, Sunshine and Shadows of the War of the Re­bellion, A Story of the Great Civil War from Bull Run to Appomattox (1913, Reprint, Austin: University of Texas Press, 1978); Ei­cher says "...the work is a splendid source for life on the march, in camp, and in battle with the Massachusetts men; "One of the Civil War 100" classic books by Civil War Magazine



Carter, J. P. T.:

US-Sympathisant; Carter war ein einflußreicher Unionist aus Carter County in East Tennessee und beteiligte sich aktiv am Versuch, East-Tennessee der USA anzuschließen. Im Juli 1861 schloß sich Carter dem damaligen Lt William *Nelson an und begab sich, um Waffen für Unionisten in East Tennessee zu beschaffen in Carter's Rekrutierungscamp Dick Robinson in Kentucky (Fisher: War at Every Door, p. 52).



Carter, John C.:

CS-BrigGen; 19.12.1837-9.12.1864; tödlich verwundet im Battle of Franklin am 30.11.1864, wurde Carter nach Carrington House bei Franklin verlegt, wo er kurz darauf starb (Hay: "Cleburne, Stonewall of the West"; Einführung zu Buck: "Cleburne and his Com­mand", p. 24).



- Hay: "Cleburne, Stonewall of the West"; Einführung zu Buck: "Cleburne and his Command", p. 24



Carter, John W.:

CS-Col; 13th Mississippi Infantry; im Battle of Fredericksburg im Dezember 1862 gehörte die 13th Mississippi zu Barkdale's Briga­de, welche den Brückenschlag der US-Truppen über den Rappahannock durch Scharfschützenfeuer lange Zeit verhinderten (Report von Col John W. Carter, OR 21:600-601; abgedruckt bei Luvaas / Nelson: Chancellorsville and Fredericksburg, p. 20-21).



Carter, John W.:

CS-Captain (1stLt); J.W. Carter's Company, Virginia Horse Artillery (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10); at first 2ndLt, 7th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (Ashby's) (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10).



Carter, Robert Goldthwaite:

US-Pvt; Co. H, 22th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 6).


Carter was a private in the 22nd Massachusetts Infantry; his brother Eugene served as a 1st Lt and Quartermaster in the same unit; his other brothers served in the 22nd Mass Infantry and 1st Mass Heavy Artillery. Their letters tell an unbroken tale of the batt­les of the Eastern Theater.


In July 1865, he began attending West Point and was eventually commissioned a second lieutenant and assigned to the 4th U.S. Cavalry on June 15, 1870. During the next several years, Carter would participate in a number of expeditions against the Comanche and other tribes in the Texas-area. It was during one of these campaigns that he was brevetted first lieutenant and awarded the Medal of Honor for his "most distinguished gallantry" against the Comanche in Blanco Canyon on a tributary of the Brazos River on October 10, 1871. Carter would suffer a severe injury during the battle, his left leg being shattered as his horse fell against a rock, which would eventually result in his early retirement. He would officially receive the medal on January 23, 1900. Returning to active duty, he joined Colonel Ranald Mackenzie in several campaigns including against the Kickapoo of northern Mexico in May 1873 and awarded a brevet to captain. He did win promotion to first lieutenant on February 21, 1875 although his leg injury disqualified him from active field duty and forced him to retire on June 28, 1876. Although he eventually recovered from his leg injury after proper treatment, his requests to return to active service were denied by the US Army; instead he was promoted to captain on the retired list in 1904. He taught school and later headed the Washington-bureau of the Public Service Publishing Company in New York City. He would also write a number of booklets and books including Four Brothers in Blue (1913) and The Old Sergeant's Story (1926). However, the most successful was his memoir On the Border With Mackenzie (1935) which was published as the age of 90. He died at Washington, D.C. on January 4, 1936 and buried in Arlington National Cemetery (wikipedia, Stichwort 'Robert Goldthwaite Carter', Abruf v. 13.4.2018).



- **Carter, Robert Goldthwaite (22nd Massachusetts Infantry): Four Brothers in Blue; or, Sunshine and Shadows of the War of the Re­bellion, A Story of the Great Civil War from Bull Run to Appomattox (1913, Reprint, Austin: University of Texas Press, 1978); Ei­cher says "...the work is a splendid source for life on the march, in camp, and in battle with the Massachusetts men; "One of the Civil War 100" classic books by Civil War Magazine

- **Carter, Robert Goldthwaite: "Reminiscenses of the Gettysburg Campaign." Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, Maine Commandary, War Papers 2 (1902): 149-83



Carter, Samuel P.:

US-BrigGen; Kavallerie-General; bei Kriegsausbruch Lt. der Navy, wurde Carter von Präs. Lincoln als Col. zur US-Army versetzt, mit dem Auftrag, in Kentucky die aus den East-Tennessee Flüchtlingen Truppen zu organisieren (Fisher: War at every Door, p. 52; Kelly: Holding Kentucky for the Union; in: B&L vol 1, S. 378). Die Aufstellung erfolgte bei Barboursville / Ky. (Kelly: Holding Kentucky for the Union; in: B&L vol 1, S. 378). Carter führte den ersten "Long-Distance-Raid" der US-Kavallerie durch, Carter's Raid nach Ost-Tennessee und Südwest-Virginia vom 20.12.62-1.5.63, wobei die wichtigen Eisenbahnbrücken der East Tennessee & Virginia Railroad über den Holston und den Watauga, bei Bristol, TN, zerstört wurden (Johnston, Military Operati­ons, p. 155; zu den Einzelheiten: Starr: Union Cavalry, vol. III S. 95 ff.)



- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History, Vol. 1: Fort Sumter to Gettysburg, p. 281



- Carter, Samuel P.: Memoirs; University of Tennessee Library, Special Collections, Knoxville



Carter, Scott:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 3rd Regiment Indiana Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 12); zuvor Weaver was LtCol, Co. F&S, 1st Regiment India­na Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 12).


Carter, stammte aus Vevay/Switzerland (Pickerill: 3rd Indiana Cavalry, p. 8).



Carter, Thomas H.:

CS-Col; zunächst Captain in W.P. Carter's Battery, Virginia Light Artillery (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10). Im Battle of Get­tysburg war LtCol Thomas H. Carter der Kommandeur von Carter's Artillery Battery, Rodes' Division, Ewell's Corps (Tru­deau: Get­tysburg, p. 588; Nolan: „R. E. Lee and July I at Gettysburg“, p. 22; Pula: Under the Crescent Moon, vol. 2, p. 21).


Carter was born in King William County, Virginia, the third of five children and the second son of Thomas Nelson Carter and Juliet Gaines Carter. His father was a first cousin to Robert E. Lee. Carter was a member of the Virginia Military Institute (VMI) Class of 1849. He earned medical degrees from the University of Virginia (1851) and the University of Pennsylvania (1852). Carter never practiced medicine. Instead, he returned to manage his father's plantation, Pampatike, after the overseer died (https://en. wikipe­


He entered what became the Army of Northern Virginia in June 1861 as captain of the King William Artillery. His younger brother, Julian Carter of the 4th Virginia Cavalry, was killed in late July 1862 at a minor skirmish near Malvern Hill. Tom Carter was woun­ded in the foot at Sharpsburg. In December he was promoted to major, a rank he held until he became a lieutenant colonel in April 1863. By the Gettysburg Campaign of 1863, Carter commanded a battalion of artillery in Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell's Second Corps. His guns unlimbered on Oak Hill northwest of Gettysburg and contributed to the eventual withdrawal of the Union First Corps of the Army of the Potomac. Carter's guns later supported Pickett's Charge on July 3. Promoted to colonel in March 1864, he remained with the Army of Northern Virginia during the Overland Campaign until September when he left to temporarily replace Brig. Gen. Armistead L. Long as chief of artillery for Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early during the second half of Early's Valley Campaigns of 1864. Carter fought in several important battles, including the Battle of Cedar Creek (https://en. Car­ter). On 1.7.1863 deployed on Oak Hill, north of die Cashtown Pike (Martin: Gettysburg July 1, p. 207) and gave flanking fire on Doubleday's US-Front I. Corps on McPherson's Ridge (Martin: Gettysburg July 1, p. 343 with map p, 348).


Following the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court House, Carter returned to his ancestral family planta­tion, Pampatike, which was located near the Pamunkey River in eastern Virginia, where he lived with his wife Susan (Roy) Carter and their three small children. Carter continued to farm the property, and his wife operated a school at the house. In the late 1870s Carter was appointed the first railroad commissioner in the state of Virginia. He held the position for a handful of years. In the late 1880s, he served for several years as a member of the board of arbitration of the Southern Railway and Steamship Association. Carter spent his final years as proctor and superintendent of grounds and buildings for the University of Virginia (https://en. Wikipedia. org/wiki/Thomas_Henry_Carter).


13.3.1831 King William County, Virginia - † 2.2.1908; beerd. Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond / VA (; Sohn von Thomas Nelson Carter and Juliet Gaines Carter (https://en. °° mit Susan Elizabeth Roy Carter (1834-1902) (



Col Thomas Henry Carter (



Carter, William B.:

US-1st Corporal; Co. E, Bradford's Battalion, 13th Regiment Tennessee Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M392 Roll 3). Er kehrte zu­sammen mit Captain David *Fry von Kentucky nach Tennessee zurück und Mitglied in der Guerilla-Einheit, welche die Lick Creek Bridge zerstörte (Fisher: War at every Door, p. 66). Carter was a Reverend and cousin of BrigGen Samuel Carter (Fisher: War at every Door, p. 132).



Carter, William H.:




- Carter, William H.: From Yorktown to Santiago with the Sixth U.S. Cavalry (Baltimore: Lord Baltimore Press, 1900)



Carter, William P.:

CS-Captain; zunächst Sergeant, dann Captain in W.P. Carter's Battery, Virginia Light Artillery (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10) [s. auch Col Thomas Henry Carter]. Er geriet in Kriegsgefangenschaft und war einer der „Immortal Six Hundred“ (www. findagrav­


Carter's Battery took part in the Battle of Gettysburg on 1.7.1863 (Pula: Under the Crescent Moon, vol. 2, p. 18).


6.9.1836 Clarke County/VA - † 20.11.1913 Washington /DC; beerd. Old Chapel Cemetery, Millwood, Clarke County/VA; °° mit Lucy Randolph Page Carter (1842-1892) (



Carter, William R.:

US-Sergeant; Co. C, 1st Regiment Tennessee Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M392 Roll 3; Evans: Sherman's Horsemen, p. 18).



- Carter, William R. History of the First Regiment of Tennessee Volunteer Cavalry in the Great War of the Rebellion, with the Armies of the Ohio and Cumberland, under Generals Morgan, Rosecrans, Thomas, Stanley and Wilson. 1862-1865. Knoxville: Gaut-Ogden, 1902.



Carter, William R.:

CS-LtCol; 3rd Virginia Cavalry. Carter was killed at the Battle of Trevilian Station



- Carter, William R. (3rd Virginia Cavalry): Sabres, Saddles and Spurs (White Mane); Edited by Walbrook D. Swank; 160 pp; Photos; Il­lustrations; Maps; Biblio; Index; Lt Colonel Carter's diary of service with the 3rd Virginia Cavalry. Carter was killed at the Battle of Trevilian Station



Cary, George Walton:

CS-Major; Co. F&S, 44th Regiment Alabama Infantry; at first Captain, Co. E (National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 8).


Ab 17.6.1863 Major 44th Alabama Infantry (Penny / Laine: Struggle for the Round Tops, p. 20).


July 1840 Talledega County, Alabama - † 16.3.1909 New York Manhattan, buried Lafayette Cemetery No. 1, New Orleans, Louisia­na. After the surrender he lived in New Orleans and was very successful in the Wallace, Cary & Co. Business (www.findagrave, Abruf v. 4.5.2018).



Cary, R. Milton:

CS-Col; Co. F&S, 30th Regiment Virginia Infantry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10), zunächst Captain Co. F, Virginia Infantry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10).


Im Mai 1861 war Cary der Captain Co F aus Richmond (Worsham, John H.: "One of Jackson's Foot Cavalry; , S. 7); ab Juni 1861 Captain im 21st Regiment Virginia Infantry; bald darauf verlies Cary die 21st und wurde zum Col eines anderen Re­giments befördert (Worsham, p. 13).


Cary stammte aus Richmond City (Beale: History of the 9th Virginia Cavalry, p. 10).



Case, James M.:

US-Pvt; Co. I, 17th Regiment Indiana Infantry (National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 12).


According to Indiana Adjutant General, Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, 4:365, Pvt Case of the 17th Indiana Mounted Infantry died of wounds received at the front on 9.7.1864 (Crossing the Chattahoochee). However, Compiled Record Ser­vice in RG 94 make it clear Case died on July 19 of wounds received at Noonday Creek on June 20 (Evans: Sherman's Horsemen, p. 489n45).



Casey, James:

aus St. Louis / Missouri; Schwager von U. S. Grant; Casey war entschlossener Sezessionist aus Missouri (Duke, Basil W.: Re­miniscenses, p. 45).



Casey, Silas:

US-MajGen; aus Rhode Island; 1860 war Casey als LtCol der 9th US-Infantry Kommandeur von Fort Steilacoom / Oregon (Alexan­der: Fighting for the Confederacy, p. 16)



Casey, Peter:



- Casey, Peter: Correspondence (Chicago Historical Society, Chicago / Illinois)



Casey, Thomas Lincoln:

US-Lt; aus New York; Sohn von Silas *Casey; Th. L. Casey war eng mit E.P. Alexander befreundet (Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, p. 16); er wurde 1888 Chief Engineer der Army (Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, p. 559 Anm. 42)



Cashier, Albert D. J.:

US-Private, 95th Illinois Infantry; Cashier war eine Frau, die als Mann verkleidet, unerkannt im Regiment diente. Erst auf dem Ster­bebett stellte sich diese Tatsache heraus. Tatsächlich handelte es sich Miss Jennie Hodgers, die vor dem Krieg aus Irland in die USA ausgewandert war (Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, p. 7).



- Clausius, Gerhard: "The Little Soldier of the 95th: Albert D. J. Cashier;" Journal of Illinois State Historical Society, LI, No. 4 (Win­ter, 1958)

- Livermore, Mary: "My Story of the War: A Woman's Narrative of Four Years Personal Experience (Hartford / Connecticut, 1889), S. 114-115



Casler, John O.:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 33rd Regiment Virginia Infantry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10; Krick, Cedar Mountain, p. 19; Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, p. 41).



- **Casler, John O.: Four Years in the Stonewall Brigade (Guthrie, Okla., 1893); 2. Auflage Kansas, 1906: "Revised, corrected and im­proved by Maj. Jed Hotchkiss, Topographical Engineer 2d Corps, Army of Northern Virginia." Nevins says "This embellished me­moir, as witty as it is informative, is in a class with volumes by Billings and McCarthy. The author occasionally stretches the truth for the sake of a good story." "This is a superb tale of a common Confederate soldier's wartime service."



Cass, Lewis:

aus Michigan (Baker: Buchanan, p. 79); US-Secretary of State (Außenminister) im Kabinett Buchanan



- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, p. 50 (Präsident Buchanan und sein Kabinett, darunter Cass)

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, p. 52



Cassel, Jacob T.:

CS-Captain, Co. A 2nd Kentucky Cavalry (CS); Teilnahme an John Hunt Morgan's Raid nach Kentucky und Ohio im Juli 1863; im Skirmish von *Columbia / Kentucky am 3.7.1863 wurde Cassel durch einen Beinschuß verwundet und nahm im Ambulanzwagen am Raid weiter teil (Horwitz: Longest Raid, p. 21)



Cassidy, John:

US-Pvt; Co. H, 69th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 19).


born in County Mayo, Ireland in 1842 (Letter Mrs. Ann a Schuster from Sept. 1948, cited in Coco: Killed in Action, p. 5). - † 15.7.1863 (, accessed 25.1. 2019) after being mortally wounded 3.7.1863 near Gettysburg, while fighting on Cemetery Ridge against Pickett's Charge (Coco: Killed in Action, p. 5); buried Old Cathedral Cemetery, Philadelphia, Section I (, accessed 25.1.2019).


Private John Cassidy, son of John and Catherine, born in County Mayo, Ireland in 1842. Came to America at the age of 17. Volun­teered to the Union Cause in 1862, and was assigned to Co. H. 69th Regiment, Pennsylvania. During the first [days] battle of Get­teysburg, [sie] he was hit by a shot which was deflected by a picture of the Blessed Virgin Mary, which he carried in his soldiers ma­nual over his heart, saving him from death. In the third [days] battle of Getteysburg he was wounded fatally, the shot passing
through the same manual he still carried, however, on this fatal day the picture of the blessed Virgin was missing“ (Letter Mrs. Ann a Schuster from Sept. 1948, cited in Coco: Killed in Action, p. 5).



- Coco: Killed in Action, Front Cover: Pvt John Cassidy (Sixth Plate ambrotpye, Gettysburg National Park Collection).



Castel, Albert:

1992 Lincoln Prize Winner



- Castel, Albert: "Earl Van Dorn - A Personality Profile," Civil War Times Illustrated 6 (April 1967)

- Castel, Albert: Decision in the West. The Atlanta Campaign of 1864 (Lawrence / Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 1992); Biblio­thek Ref MilAmerik52/3

- Castel, Albert: William Clarke Quantrill - His Life and Times, New York 1962, Neuausgabe 1998, Bibliothek Ref

- Castel, Albert: „W. T. Sherman, Teil 1: The Failure.“ Civil War Times Illustrated, July 1979: 4-7, 42-46

- Castel, Albert: „W. T. Sherman, Teil 1: The Subordinate.“ Civil War Times Illustrated, July 1979, 13-22

- Castel, Albert: "Kansas Jayhawking Raids into Western Missouri in 1861;" Missouri Historical Review, VIV, S. 1-11

- Castel, Albert: A Frontier State at War: Kansas 1861-1865

- Castel, Albert: Civil War Kansas: Reaping the Wirlwind (Univ Kansas Press), 252 pp, Photographs

- Castel, Albert: Winning and Losing in the Civil War. Essays and Stories (Univ South Carolina)

- Castel, Albert and Thomas Goodrich: Bloody Bill Anderson the Short: Savage Life of a Civil War Guerilla (Stackpole 1998), 1st Edition, 170 pp, Notes, Index, Photos

- Castel, Albert: General Sterling Price and the Civil War in

the West. Baton Rouge 1968

- Castel, Albert: "Theophilus Holmes - Pallbearer of the Confederacy," Civil War Times Illustrated 16 (July 1977), S. 11-12

- Castel, Albert: "A New View of the Battle of Pea Ridge." Missouri Historical Review 62 (1968)

- Castel, Albert: Vorwort zu: Stanley F. Horn; The Army of Tennessee (Univ Oklahoma Press)

- Castel, Albert: Vorwort zu: Thomas Jordan and J. P. Pryor: Campaigns of General Nathan Bedforst Forrest

- Castel, Albert: Vorwort zu: Phillip Thomas Tucker: The South's Finest: The 1st Missouri Confederate Brigade from Pea Ridge to Vicksburg (White Mane, Shippensburg )



Castle, Henry A.:

US-Captain; Co. A, 137th Regiment Illinois Infantry (100 days, 1864) (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 14).



- **Castle, Henry A.: Some Experiences of an Enlisted Man; in: Glimpses of the Nation's Struggle. A Series of Papers Minnesota Commandery of the Military Legion of the United States (St. Paul, Minnesota, 1887), pp. 107-134



Castleberry, William A.:

CS-Sergeant; Co. F&G, 13th Regiment Alabama Infantry (National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 8).



- Castleberry, W. A.: „Thirteenth Alabama – Archer's Brigade.“ Confederate Veteran (1911) vol. 19, p. 338



Caswell, William Richard:

CS-BrigGen of Tennessee State Troops; 1809-1862; Tennessee; Studium an der University of Nashville, danach Farmer und Rechts­anwalt; in den 1830er und 1840er Jahren aktiv in der Tennessee Miliz; im Mexiko-Krieg für kurze Zeit aide de camps bei General Gideon Pillow; wohlhabend und einflußreicher Whig Unionist; ab 9.5.1861 trotz seiner politischen Auffassung durch Tennessee-Go­vernor Isham *Harris zum BrigGen der Tennessee State Troops ernannt; im Oktober 1861 zurückgetreten; am 6.8.1862 ermordet.



- Allardice: More Generals in Blue, p. 53-54

- Caswell, William R. Papers; Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

- Fisher: War at every Door, p. 46.



Castleman, Alfred Lewis:

US-Surgeon; 5th Wisconsin Infantry (Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, p. 71).



- Castleman, Alfred Lewis: The Army of the Potomac. Behind the Scenes. A Diary of Unwritten History, from the Organization of the Army by General George McClellan, to the Close of the Campaign in Virginia, during the First Day of January, 1863 (Milwaukee: Strickland, 1863)



Castleman, John Breckenridge:

CS-Major; Co. D, 2ne Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (Duke's); zuvor Captain (National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 3).


30.6.1841 - ++++; aus wohlhabender Familie aus Castleton nahe Lexington / Kentucky. Castleman schloß sich 1862 John Hunt Mor­gan's Cavalry an. Captain Co. A 9th Kentucky Cavalry; John Hunt Morgan's Cavalry. Castleman war befreundet mit Thomas B. *Hin­es. Castleman verließ Morgan's Cavalry und folgte Hines, der inzwischen als Geheimagent in Canada für die CSA tätig war (Starr: Col Grenfell's Wars, p. 95; Horan: Confederate Agent, p. 8).


Castleman beurteilt Morgan kritisch: Morgan mangelte es entscheidend an Selbstdisziplin. Er war unfähig seine Soldaten zu diszipli­nieren. Morgan's Truppe war deshalb berüchtigt und sein Name wurde zum Synonym für Pferdediebstahl und offenem Banditentum (Starr: Col Grenfell's Wars, p. 46-47). Er war eher ein romantischer Held als Held der Fakten (Starr, p. 47 Anm. 24; Brief von John B. Castleman an Thomas Henry Hines vom 7.2.1867; in Thomas Hines Papers, University of Kentucky Li­brary, Lexington).



- Horan: Confederate Agent, p. 5



- **Castleman, John B. (Major, 2nd Kentucky Cavalry [Duke's], CSA): Active Service (Louisville: Courier-Journal Job Prinzing Co., 1917)

- Starr: Col Grenfell's Wars, p. 95, 156, 165, 166, 167, 171, 173, 177, 183, 229, 230, 236, 298-99



Cate, John March:

US-Quartermaster Sergeant; Co D, 33rd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 6).



- Cate, John March: If Life to Come Home: The Civil War Letters of Sergeant John March Cate; Co D 33rd Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment (Dorrance Publishing); 288 pp; Maps; Photos; Appendices



Cater, John Douglas:

CS-+++; 3rd Texas Cavalry und 19th Louisiana Infantry


Cater spent four years as a Confederate soldier, fighting at Pea Ridge, Wilson's Creek, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Franklin, Nashville and other battles.



- Cater, John D.: "As it was": Reminiscenses of a Soldier of the Third Texas Cavalry and the Nineteenth Louisiana (The Story of Douglas John Cater's Life), reprint State House Press, Austin, 266 pp; new Introduction by T. Michael Parrish



Catterson, Robert F.:




Causby, Thomas E.:

CS-Sergeant; Co. D, 6th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll; originally filed under 'Cosby').



- Causby, Thomas E.: „Storming the Stone Fence at Gettysburg.“ Southern Historical Society Papers (1901), vol. 29, p. 339-341



Cavada, Adolphus F.:

US-Captain; 1862 im Battle of Fredericksburg Lt im Stab von BrigGen Andrew A. *Humphreys 3rd Division V. Army Corps (Gal­lagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, p. 89). 1863 Stabsoffizier in Stab von BrigGen Andrew A. *Humphrey's 2nd Division III Army Corps Daniel E. *Sickles Army of the Potomac; Battle of Gettysburg (Pfanz: The Second Day, p. 55).



- **Cavada, Adolphus F.: Diary, The Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia



Cavada, Frederick F.:

US-LtCol; 1863 Regimentskommandeur 114th Pennsylvania Infantry. Während der Gettysburg Campaign 1863 gehörte die 114th Pennsylvania Infantry zum III Army Corps MajGen Daniel E. Sickles, 1st Division MajGen David B. Birney, 1st Brigade BrigGen Charles K. Graham (B & L, vol. III, p. 435).



Cavins, Aden G.:

US-Captain; Co. E, 59th Regiment Indiana Infantry (National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 12).



- **Cavins, Aden G.: War Letters of Aden G. Cavins. Written to his Wife (Evansville, Ind.: N.p., n.d.)



Cavins, Elijah H. C.:

US-LtCol; Co. F&S, 14th Regiment Indiana Infantry; at first Captain, Co. D (National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 12).



- **Cavins, Elijah H. C.: The Civil War Letters of Col. Elijah H. C. Cavins, 14trh Indiana; ed. Barbara A. Smith (Owensboro, Ky.: Cook - McDowell, 1981)




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