Version 25.7.2017

 

 

Litera C (Ca-Ch)

 

 

Cabaniss, James Matthew:

CS-Captain; Co. K, 38th Regiment Virginia Infantry (Pittsylvania Regiment) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 9).

 

8.11.1840 Cascade/Pittsylvania County/VA - † 8.8.1907 Surry County/NC; beerd. Oakdale Cemetery, Mount Airy/NC (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 23.8.2016); Sohn von John G. Cabaniss Mary Cabaniss; Bruder von William George *Cabaniss (vgl. Library of Virginia, Richmond/VA, Archives, Civil War Records, Accession 38477, Letter of Captain James M. Cabaniss, 16.6.1861); °° m it Katherine Elizabeth Clay Cabaniss (1860-1947) (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 23.8.2016).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Cabaniss, James M.(Captain, 38th Virginia Infantry): Letter, 16 June 1861, from James M. Cabaniss (1840-1907), Company K, 38th Virginia, to his mother Mary Cabaniss (1822-1891), providing news of camp life, including the rules and restrictions, informing her of the evacuation of Harper’s Ferry and the battle of Bethel Church (Big Bethel), and relating the fates of an accused spy and a deserter (vgl. Library of Virginia, Richmond/VA, Archives, Civil War Records, Accession 38477)

 

 

Cabaniss, William George:

CS-Captain; Co. K, 38th Regiment Virginia Infantry; er trat als 1stLt in Co. K des Regiments ein, die von seinem Bruder Captain James M. *Cabaniss kommandiert wurde (Pittsylvania Regiment) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 9).

 

24.6.1743 - † 24.3.1926; beerd. Hat Creek Presbyterian Church Cemetery, Campbell County/VA (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 23.8.2016); Sohn von John G. Cabaniss Mary Cabaniss; Bruder von Captain James Matthew William George *Cabaniss (vgl. Library of Virginia, Richmond/VA, Archives, Civil War Records, Accession 38477, Letter of Captain James M. Cabaniss, 16.6.1861);

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- Cabaniss, William George (Captain, 38th Virginia Infantry): Letter, 12 July 1861, from William George Cabaniss (1843-1926) of Company K, 38th Virginia Infantry, to his father, John George Cabaniss (1820-1897) of Pittsylvania County, Virginia, describing the Confederate Army's preparations around Winchester, Virginia, skirmishes, the weather and scenery around Winchester, and camp life (vgl. Library of Virginia, Richmond/VA, Archives, Civil War Records, Accession 50834)

 

 

Cabell, E. C.:

CS-Commissioner aus Missouri; im Juni 1861 von Missouri Governor Claiborne Jackson nach Richmond entsandt, um von Präsi­dent Davis Hilfe für die CS-Kräfte in Missouri zu erwirken (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 94-95).

 

 

Cabell, Henry Coalter:

CS-Col; in der Schlacht von Fredericksburg 1862 war sein Artillery Battalion bestehend aus 4 Batterien McLaw's Division unterstellt und an Marye's Heights eingesetzt (vgl. Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 176 u. 579 Anm. 23). Artilleriekomman­deur McLaw's Division of Longstreet's Corps im Battle of Gettysburg

 

Documents/Literature::

- OR Ser I vol. 27 part 2, S. 375-76 (abgedruckt bei Rollins: Pickett's Charge, a.a.O., S. 87

 

 

Cabell, William Lewis "Old Tige":

CS-Brig Gen; stammt aus Virginia; bei 1st Manassas Quartermaster im Hauptquartier von General Beauregard's (vgl. Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 38)

 

 

Cadwallader, C. Washburn:

US-BrigGen; seit März 1862 Col 2nd Wisconsin Cavalry; BrigGen am 5.6.1862 (vgl. Quiner: Wisconsin, a.a.O., S. 900, 902).

 

 

Cadwallader, George:

US-MajGen; aus Philadelphia; Lawyer, Veteran des Mexiko-Krieges; Cadwallader kommandierte die 1st Division während *Patter­son's Shenandoah Valley Campaign 1861 im Battle of Falling Waters am 2.7.1861 (vgl. Chambersburg Chambers of Commerce: "Southern Revenge," a.a.O., S. 32; Robertson, Stonewall Brigade, a.a.O., S. 32; Johnston: Military Operations, a.a.O., S. 30)

 

Nov. 1862 Mitglied des McDowell Court of Inquiry: vgl. OR Ser. I Vol 12/1 S. 36 ff

 

Photo:

- Chambersburg Chambers of Commerce (ed.): "Southern Revenge," a.a.O., S. 32

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History: Fort Sumter to Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 129

 

 

Cadwallader, Sylvanus:

US-Journalist; Cadwallader was a correspondent with the Chicago Times and New York Herald, who was attached to Grant's Head­quarters from 1862-1865. Details that could only be known by a journalist with access to the general and information available to few others, this provides details of Vicksburg, Chattanooga and Grant's strategy for winning the war

 

Documents/Literature::

- Cadwallader, Sylvanus (ed. Thomas, Benjamin): Three Years with Grant as recalled by War Correspondent Sylvanus Cadwallader (Knopf, NY 1955); edited with notes by Benjamin Thomas

 

 

Cadwell, Luman L.:

US-Sergeant, aus New York; gemustert Broome, N.Y; Company B, 2nd New York Cavalry; Medal of Honor am 17.8.1894 für sei­nen Einsatz am 20.4.1864 in Alabama Bayou / Louisiana. Citation: Swam the bayou under fire of the enemy and captured and brought off a boat by means of which the command crossed and routed the enemy.

 

 

Caison, Albert S.:

CS-Pvt, Co. I, 26th North Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 6)

 

Documents/Literature::

Caison, Albert S.: „Southern Soldiers in Northern Prisons.“ Southern Historical Society Papers 23 (1895)

 

 

Caldwell, J. F. J.:

CS-+++; 1st South Carolina Infantry / Gregg's Brigade

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Caldwell, J.F.J.: The History of a Brigade of South Carolinians known first as "Gregg's," and subsequently as "McGowan's Briga­de." (King & Baird Printers: Philadelphia, 1866; Reprint Morningside Bookshop)

 

 

Caldwell, John C.:

US-MajGen; 17.4.1833 Lowell / Vermont - † 31.8.1912 Calais/Maine; Caldwell was a teacher, a Union general in the American Ci­vil War, and an American diplomat. He graduated from Amherst College in 1855 and moved to Maine, where he was the princi­pal of the Washington Academy in East Machias. At the beginning of the Civil War, Caldwell was 28 years old and had no military experi­ence. However, his bearing as an academic principal seems to have impressed others because he was elected colonel of the 11th Mai­ne Infantry regiment on November 12, 1861. Early in the Peninsula Campaign (April 28, 1862), he was promoted to briga­dier gene­ral and assumed command of the 1st Brigade of the 1st Division of II Corps of the Army of the Potomac after the brigade comman­der, Brigadier General Oliver O. Howard, was wounded at the Battle of Seven Pines. At the Battle of Glendale, he displayed "perso­nal gallantry" in coming to the aid of the beleaguered Union division led by Philip Kearny (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.­org/­wiki/John_ C._Caldwell).

 

At the Battle of Antietam, on September 17, 1862, he briefly led his division when its commander, MajGen Israel B. Richardson, was wounded. Caldwell himself was wounded in the battle and he received criticism that he handled his brigade poorly in the assault on the sunken road in the center of the Confederate line (the sunken road, or "Bloody Lane"). There were also rumors spread that he had hidden in the rear to avoid direct contact with the enemy. He was wounded again, twice, at the Battle of Fredericksburg that Decem­ber, while preparing his brigade to assault the stone wall on Marye's Heights; one of his regiments broke and ran during the assault, further tarnishing his reputation. At the Battle of Chancellorsville the following May, his brigade performed well under difficult cir­cumstances, covering the retreat of the army from the crossroads at the Chancellor House (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_ C._Caldwell).

 

Caldwell's bloodiest combat experience was at the Battle of Gettysburg on July 2, 1863. Since May 22, he had commanded the 1st Division of the II Corps, now under Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock. He and his division arrived on the battlefield the morning of July 2 and took up a reserve position on Cemetery Ridge (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_ C._Caldwell). Nachdem MajGen Sickles sein III. Corps befehlswidrig von der Cemetery Ridge zur Emmitsburg Road nach Westen vorgezogen hatte, obwohl die Kon­föderierten Kräfte westlich der Round Tops zusammenzogen, entstand eine Lücke zwischen Sickles III. Corps und dem nördlich an der Cemetery Ridge eingesetzten II. Corps Hancock und zudem die Gefahr einer Flankierung über die Round Tops. General Caldwell was ordered [gegen 14:00] to put his 1st Division II. Corps Hancock in motion, and to take position in the woods at the west slope of Round Top, in such manner as to resist the enemy should he attempt to come around Sickles' left flank and gain his rear (vgl. Stackpole: They Met at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 196 unter wörtlicher Zitierung von Haskell, Frank Aretas: The Battle of Gettys­burg [New York 1910]).

 

That afternoon, as the powerful Confederate assault from the corps of Lt. Gen. James Longstreet struck the Union III Corps, Hancock ordered Caldwell's division to reinforce the III Corps in the Wheatfield. Caldwell got his division moving quickly and conducted the largest Union assault of the three-day battle. However, due to a lack of adequate command on that portion of the battlefield, Cald­well's division was hit in its exposed right flank by the Confederate division of Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws, causing great confusion and a general retreat back across the Wheatfield. Caldwell received criti­cism from Maj. Gen. George Sykes, the commander of the Union V Corps, who was operating nearby. General Hancock subsequent­ly lost confidence in Caldwell and his staff conducted an in­vestigation to determine whether Caldwell led his di­vision properly. He was exonerated from any blame, but his reputation in the Army of the Potomac was damaged. A recent writer on Gettysburg has bla­med Sykes for giving sketchy instructions to Caldwell (vgl. Hartwig, D. Scott. "'No Troops on the Field Had Done Better', John C. Caldwell's Division in the Wheatfield, July 2, 1863; in: Gal­lagher: The Day at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 136 ff). In March 1864, the army was reorganized and reduced from five corps to three. Caldwell was relieved of command during this reduction and saw no further combat service (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ John_ C._Caldwell).

 

After the war, Caldwell served in the honor guard for Abraham Lincoln's funeral train. He received a brevet promotion to major ge­neral on August 19, 1865, and he was mustered out of the volunteer service on January 15, 1866. He returned to civilian life as a la­wyer and a member of the Maine Legislature, but he also served as the adjutant general of the Maine Militia from 1867 to 1869. He then entered the diplomatic service as the U.S. Consul in Valparaíso, Chile, from 1869 to 1874; U.S. Minister to Uruguay and  Para­guay, 1874 to 1882; U.S. Consul to San José, Costa Rica, 1897 to 1909. Caldwell died in Calais, Maine, and is buried at St. Stephen Rural Cemetery in St. Stephen, New BrunswickCanada (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_ C._Caldwell).

 

Photo:

Caldwell als BrigGen (vgl. Library of the Congress Civil War Collection)

 

 

Caldwell, John W.:

CS-Col; 1862 Captain 9th Kentucky Infantry; später Col 9th Kentucky Infantry (vgl. Davis: Jackman Diary, a.a.O., S. 31 Anm. 5).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Caldwell, John W.: Diary (Compiled Service Records, Record Group 109, National Archives)

 

 

Caldwell, Thomas H.:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 147th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 20).

 

 

Calef, John H.:

US-Major; West Point 1862; Lt Battery K, Fifth US Artillery during the Peninsula Campaign. Fought at Harrison's Landing and at Malvern Hill. Participated in the Second Manassas and the Maryland Campaign, including the Battle of Antietam and action at Sharpsburg. On 6.10.1862 Battery A 2nd US Artillery; participated in the Rappahannock Campaign, while in command of Horse Battery, Second US Artillery from June to July 1863, engaged in the skirmish at Upperville/VA, and the Battle of Gettysburg, follo­wed by the engagements at Williamsport/PA, Boonsboro/Maryland, Funkstown/Maryland, and the pursuit to Warrenton/VA. During the Rapidan campaign, he was wounded at Racoon Ford. Leave of absence, February to April 1864. Teilnahme an der Overland Cam­paign (vgl. McEnany, Brian: For Brotherhood and Duty: The Civil War History of the West Point Class of 1862 [Uni­versity Press of Kentucky, 2015], S. 359).

 

Lt Calef war Batteriechef von Calef's Battery, Battery A 2nd US Artillery; im Sommer 1863 verstärkte Calef's Battery die 1st Cavalry Divi­sion John *Buford beim Vorstoß auf Gettysburg am 30.6.1863 (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 39, 72). Am 30.6.1863 einge­setzt auf dem äußersten rechten Flügel von Devin's Cavalry Brigade nahe Carlisle Pike (vgl. Longacre: The Cavalry at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 183). Calef's Battery wurde am 1.7.1863 im Battle of Gettysburg in der Frontlinie von Gamble's Cavalry Brigade bei Mc­Pherson's Ridge eingesetzt (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 74, 77, 88, 127, 136; Longacre: The Cavalry at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 186; vgl. Newton: McPherson's Ridge, a.a.O., S. 19).

 

Gen Buford placed the six three-inch guns of Battery A, 2nd U.S. Artillery, commanded bei Lieutenant John H. Calef auf McPher­son's Ridge. Calef had 2 guns north of the Chambersburg Pike, two immediately south of that road, and the final two down the ridge toward Hagerstown Pike (vgl. Newton: McPherson's Ridge, a.a.O., S. 19). Auf McPherson's Ridge hatte Calef's Battery ausgezeich­netes Schußfeld mit Ausnahme der 300 yards südlich des Chambersburg Pike stehenden McPherson's oder Herbst Woods, several do­zen acres of forest beginning just west of McPherson's ridge and extending down the (Willoughby's) Creek (vgl. Newton: McPher­son's Ridge, a.a.O., S. 19).

 

Als am Morgen des 1.7.1863 von McPherson's Ridge die US-Battery von Captain John Calef (Battery A, 2nd U.S. Artillery) das Feu­er auf die von Herr Ridge in Richtung auf McPherson's Ridge vorgehende Brigade Archer und die nördlich des Cashtown Pike in Skirmish Line vorfühlende Brigade Davis (beide Brigaden gehörten zur CS-Division Heth) eröffneten, ordnete der Chef des CS-Ar­tillery Battalions William Pegram (4 Batteries) sei­nerseits die Feuereröffnung durch die beiden nearest batteries, Captain Edward Ma­rye's Fredericksburg Artillery und Lieutenant An­drew Johnston's Crenshaw Artillery, an (vgl. Newton: McPherson's Ridge, a.a.O., S. 30).

 

Gegen 10:00 kam Wadsworth's Division (First Corps) zum Einsatz und löste Buford's Cavalry ab. Calef's Battery wurde durch Hall's 2nd Maine Battery ersetzt (vgl. Stackpole: They Met at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 126).

 

West Point 1862; seine Battery fired the first artillery rounds at the begin of the Battle of Gettysburg. During the War Lt Calef came 25 time under fire, had two horses shot under him, and suffered but two slight wounds the whole time. He was brevetted to captain for gallantry at Gettysburg and again to major at the end of the war. The barrel of two of his guns at Gettysburg now adorn the base of General Buford's statue ohn McPherson's Ridge. U-Berufsoffizier; he retired as a colonel US-Army an 23.4.1904 and died in St. Louis/MO 14.1.1912 (vgl. McEnany, Brian: For Brotherhood and Duty: The Civil War History of the West Point Class of 1862 [Un­iversity Press of Kentucky, 2015], S. 359).

 

24.1.1841 Gloucester, Essex County /Mass. - † 14.1.1912 St. Louis/MO, beerd. United States Military Academy Post Cemetery, West Point/VA; °° 15.9.1870 in Stockton/CA (vgl. McEnany, a.a.O., S. 359) mit Mary Matilda Newell Calef († 1922) (vgl. www.findagra­ve.com).

 

Photo:

First Lieutenant John H. Calef, 1863 (Library of Congress)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Calef, John H.: "Gettysburg Notes: The Opening Gun." Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States, Vol. 40 (1907): 40-58

 

 

Calhoun, John:

US-Politiker; aus Springfield / Illinois; Bekannter Lincoln's; Bürgermeister von Springfield; Calhoun zog dann nach Kansas, wo er 1857 einer der Führer der Pro-Slavery-Kräfte wurde (vgl. Nevins, The Emergence of Lincoln, a.a.O., S. 134-35).

 

 

Calhoun, John C.:

1782-1850; Senator im US-Senat der Vorkriegszeit aus South Carolina. Er begann seine politische Karriere 1811 als Anhänger der Union und beendete sie als glühender Sezessionist. Calhoun war Mitglied des einflußreichen Senat-Triumvirats, das seit Jahrzehnten die politische Geschicke der Union lenkte. Calhoun vertrat in der Krise der Vorkriegszeit einen Partikularismus, der darauf verwies, daß die Union nur überleben könne, wenn der Norden und der Süden innerhalb des Verbunds gleichberechtigte Mitglieder blieben (vgl. McPherson, Für die Freiheit sterben, a.a.O., S. 63; Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother. The War Begins, a.a.O., S. 33).

 

Calhoun war Vizepräsident in den Regierungen von John Quincy Adams (1825-29) und Andrew Jackson (4.3.1829-1832). Er entwi­ckelte 1828 die *Nullification Doctrin. Secretary of War in der Regierung ++++ (vgl. Foote, The Civil War, vol. I., S. 7)

 

In den Auseinandersetzungen um die den Norden begünstigende Schutzzollpolitik und um die *Nullification Controversy sowie dem *Missouri Compromise entwickelte sich Calhoun vom Unionisten zum Partikularisten und sammelte nach seiner Niederlage in der Frage der Nullification Anhänger um sich, um künftig eine ausgesprochen prosüdliche Politik zu machen (vgl. Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother, a.a.O., S. 36-38). Als Particularist folgte Calhoun der Überzeugung, daß die Union nur überleben könne, wenn Norden und Süden innerhalb des Verbandes gleichberechtigte Machtblöcke blieben. Nachfolger Calhoun als Senatssprecher dieser partikularistischen Politik wurde Jefferson *Davis (vgl. Foote: The Civil War, Bd. 1, S. 13).

 

Photos:

- Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother. The War Begins, a.a.O., S. 35

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, a.a.O., S. 38 (Grab von John C. Calhoun in Charleston)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Capers, Gerald M.: John C. Calhoun - Opportunist. A Reappraisal (University of Florida Press, Gainesville 1960; Taschenbuchaus­gabe 1969)

- **Calhoun, John C.: Papers, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

- **Coits, Margaret: John C. Calhoun: American Portrait +++ergänzen+++

- **Cralle, Richard (Hrsg.): The Works of John C. Calhoun, 6 vols, New York, 1854-55

- **Jameson, J. Franklin (Hrsg.): Correspondence of John C. Calhoun; in: Annual Report of the American Historical Association, 1988, vol. II, Washington 1900, S. 780-82

- **Salley, A. S.: "The Calhoun Family in America", South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, VII (1906), 81-98, 153-169

 

 

Calhoun, P. L.:

CS-LtCol 13th South Carolina Infantry (vgl. Caldwell, Gregg's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 10)

 

 

Calkins, Clarence:

US-Corporal; Co. D, 58th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 6)

 

 

Calkins, F.:

US-Pvt; 2nd Massachusetts Artillery

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Calkins, F.: Letter: 1863. Soldier in the 2nd Massachusetts Artillery. Letter written to "Dear Friend" from Newbern, North Carolina, September 10, 1863. Calkins exalts the power of Christ, and despairs that his fellow soldiers "care only for things that are low and devilish and seek only to gratify their lusts and passions." Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Ma­nuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms89-045).

 

 

Calkins, Jesse H.:

US-Pvt; Co. H, 49th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (Militia) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 6)

 

 

Calkins, Samuel J.:

US-Pvt; Co. D, 58th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 6).

 

 

Calkins, William:

US-Pvt; Co. M, 8th Regiment Illinois Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 13).

 

 

Calkins, William:

US-Corporal; Co. G, 23rd Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 13).

 

 

Calkins, William W.:

US-Lt; Co. E, 104th Regiment Illinois Infantry; Calkins trat als Sergeant in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 13). Im Mai 1864 Teilnahme bei Sherman's Angriff nach Atlanta (vgl. Castel: Decision, a.a.O., S. 126 ohne namentli­che Erwähnung Cal­kins und S. 583 Anm. 12).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Calkins, William W.: The History of the 104th Regt. of Ill. Volunteer Infantry (Chicago: Donohue & Henneberry Printers, 1895)

 

 

Callaway, Jonathan W.:

CS-Lt; Co E 2nd Arkansas Mounted Rifles; he enlisted in the regiment at Arkadelphia (Clark County), in the early summer of 1861 and was officially enrolled into the Confederate service at Camp McRae on July 27 of the same year. Callaway accompanied his re­giment to camps in southwest Missouri and was present at the battle of Wilson's Creek on August 10, 1861. After the battle Callaway and his regiment returned to Arkansas and went into winter quarters near Van Buren (Crawford County). The Second Arkansas saw action again at the battle of Pea Ridge (Benton County) and then joined with other Southern forces east of the Mississippi at Corinth, Mississippi.

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Callaway, Jonathan W.: Letters and papers, 1861-1864. Callaway began writing letters home to Arkadelphia shortly before the Wil­son's Creek fight, usually addressing them to W. T. Thompson. Most of the letters were written in 1861 and 1862 from places in Misso­uri, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Tennessee, including Chattanooga and Cumberland Gap. One letter, dated April 15, 1864, was sent from a location in Texas and describes some fighting in Louisiana during the Camden Expedition. Other documents in the col­lection include samples of the "Hornet's Nest," a handwritten regimental "newspaper" produced in Missouri in 1861. Microfilm copy made by the Arkansas History Commission in 1960 (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Com­piled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Callaway, Josua K.:

CS-2ndLt; Co. K, 28th Regiment Alabama Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 7; here mentioned as 'John K.'').

 

Josua K. Callaway was a schoolteacher, husband, and father of two when he enlisted in the 28th Alabama Infantry Regiment at the age of twenty-seven. Serving with the Army of the Tennessee, he campaigned in Mississippi, Kentucky, Tennessee, and north Georgia. Along the way this perceptive observer and gifted writer wrote a continuous narrative detailing the activities, concerns, hopes, fears, discomforts, and pleasures of a Confederate soldier in the field.

 

Whether writing about combat, illness, encampments, or homesickness, Callaway makes even the everyday aspects of soldiering interesting. This large collection, seventy-four letters in all, is a valuable historical reference that provides new insights into life behind the front lines of the Civil War.

 

From the Kentucky Campaign to Tullahoma, Chickamauga to Missionary Ridge, junior officer Joshua K. Callaway took part in some of the most critical campaigns of the Civil War. His twice-weekly letters home, written between April 1862 and November 1863, chronicle his gradual change from an ardent Confederate soldier to a weary veteran who longs to be at home (aus Hallock, Judith Lee (ed.): The Civil War Letters of Josua K. Callaway, Inhaltsangabe bei www.amazon.de, Abruf v. 5.4.2017).

 

Dulcinea Callaway

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Hallock, Judith Lee (ed.): The Civil War Letters of Josua K. Callaway (Athens and London: University of Georgia Press, 1997/2014)

 

 

Callender, F. D.:

US-Captain; stellte am 11. Mai 1861 auf Befehl Nathaniel *Lyon's in St. Louis, Mo. 1200 Home Guards auf, das 5th Regiment US Reserves (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 66).

 

 

Callender, John:

US-Pvt; 123rd Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 86).

 

 

Callis, John B.:

US-LtCol; Co. F&S, 7th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 5).

 

Callis stammte aus North Carolina; im September ++++ zum US-Colonel 7th Wisconsin (Iron Brigade) ernannt (Gramm, Kent: „They must be made on Iron“. The Ascent of South Mountain; in: Nolan/Vi­pond: Giants in their Black Hats. Essays on the Iron Bri­gade, a.a.O, S. 14); im Juli 1863 war Callis LtCol der 7th Wis­consin Infantry; Teilnahme am Angriff vom 1.7.1863 auf Archer's Bri­gade bei Herbst Woods und *Willoughby Run / Gettysburg (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 151).

 

Callis, der im Battle of Gettysburg am 1.7.1863 bei McPherson's Ridge schwer verwundet worden war, lag vom Feind unentdeckt 43 Stunden und damit unversorgt (vgl. Nolan: The Iron Brigade, a.a.O., S. 254); Callis wurde im Dezember 1864 aus der Army entlas­sen (vgl. Nolan: The Iron Brigade, a.a.O., S. 25467)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Callis, John R. (LtCol, 7th Wisconsin Infantry): Letter to John B. Callis, n.d.; Bachelder Papers, New Hampshire Historical Society, Concord, New Hampshire

 

 

Cameron, Carl:

US-+++; 1st Wisconsin Battery of Light Artillery

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Webster, Dan and Don C. Cameron: History of the First Wisconsin Battery of Light Artillery (Washington, 1907)

 

 

Cameron, Robert A.:

US-MajGen; 1828-94; Newspaper Editor; Republican Legislator; Captain 9th Indiana Infantry 23.4.1861; LtCol 29.7.1861; Battles of New Madrid, Island Nr. 10; versetzt zur 34th Indiana Infantry am 3.2.1862; Col 15.6.1862; Regimentskommandeur 34th Indiana In­fantry, 1st Brigade George F. McGinnis, 12th Division Alvin P. Hovey, XIII. Army Corps McClernand während Grant's Campaign gegen Vicksburg 1863 (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, vol. II, S. 403). Battle of Port Gibson am 1.5.1863 (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, a.a.O., vol. II, S. 403). BrigGen 11.8.1863 ++++ Boatner, a.a.O., S. 115

 

 

Cameron, Simon:

1799 Lancaster/Cty/PA - 1889; Politiker und reicher Geschäftsmann, Republikaner; er kandidierte auf dem Parteikongreß der Repu­blikaner in Chicago (Chicago Convention) im Mai 1860 als Präsidentschaftskandidat (vgl. Schurz, Reminiscenses, a.a.O., vol. 2, S. 175). US-Kriegsminister bis Ende 1861. Kaufmann bezeichnet Cameron als „gräßliche[n] Pfuscher“ (vgl. Kaufmann: Die Deutschen im Amerikanischen Bürgerkriege, a.a.O., S. 67).

 

++++Freunde nie vergißt“ (Cameron hatte einen schlechteren Ruf als sein Gegenspieler im Süden Leroy P. Walker; vgl. McPherson S. 306). Chase (a.a.O., S. 61) berichtet, daß Cameron zu einem Gespräch zwischen Chase und Stanton hinzukam, wobei er einen ge­rade erhaltenen Brief Lincoln's vorwies, der ihm mitteilte, Cameron werde am nächsten Tag als Gesandter für Rußland nominiert. "He was quite offended, supposing the letter intended as a dismissal, and, therefore, discourteous." (Zitat nach Chase, a.a.O., S. 61). Lincoln hatte in einem kurzen Brief vom 11.1.1862 mitgeteilt, Cameron werde am 12.1.1862 im US-Senat als Botschafter in Rußland nominiert. In einem längeren "privaten" Brief vom gleichen Tag gab Lincoln ihm "assurance of my undiminished confidence" (vgl. Basler, Roy P., ed.: The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln [New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1953) Vol. V. 96-7).

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, a.a.O., S. 88

 

 

Camm, William:

US-Col; 14th Illinois Infantry (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 9 Anm. 13; Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 76); im Frühjahr 1862 war Camm LtCol der 14th Illinois Infantry (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 76, 182).

 

Unklar ist die Regimentsführung in Shiloh am 6.4.1862. Während Grant (vgl. Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh, B & L, a.a.O., I, S. 538) Col Cyrus Hall als Regimentskommandeur angibt, ist bei Daniel (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 182) LtCol William Camm als Regimentsführer erwähnt.

 

Im Battle of Shiloh am 6.4.1862 gehörte die 14th Illinois Infantry zur 2nd Brigade Col James C. Veach 4th Division BrigGen Stephen A. Hurlbutt in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh, B & L, a.a.O., I, S. 538). Die Brigade Ve­ach geriet am 6.4.1862 nördlich der Purdy-Hamburg Road gegen 11:00 in den Angriff des III. Army Corps MajGen William J. Har­dee 3rd Brigade BrigGen Sterling A. M. Wood. Die Brigade Wood hatte zunächst die US-Brigade Marsh geschlagen und war durch­gebrochen; sie stieß auf die dahinter aufgestellte Brigade Veach (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 182).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Haskell, Fritz (ed.): "The Diary of Colonel William Camm, Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, XVIII, Pt. 2, No. 4 (Janua­ry 1926), S. 802

 

 

Campbell, Alexander:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 79th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 21); Bruder von James *Campbell (CS- 1st South Carolina Battalion)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Campbell, Alexander and James: Him On One Side and Me On the Other Side: The Civil War Letters of Alexander Campbell, 79th New York Infantry Regiment, and James Campbell, 1st South Carolina Battalion (Univ South Carolina); Edited by Terry A. Johnston Jr.

 

 

Campbell, Archibald P.:

US-Col: er kommandierte im März 1863 die US-Cavalry bei Franklin / Tennessee (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 52)

 

 

Campbell, Gabriel:

US-Captain; Co. E, 17th Regiment Michigan Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M545 Roll 7).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Campbell, Gabriel: „The 17th Michigan at South Mountain Sept. 14, 1862“; in: Antietam National Battlefield

 

 

Campbell. George W.:

Senator aus Tennessee, dann US-Finanzminister, später Botschafter in Rußland; Vater der Lizinska *Ewell (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieu­tenants, a.a.O., vol. II, S. 695).

 

 

Campbell, James:

CS-1stLt; zunächst Frist Sergeant dann 2ndLt; Co. F, 1st Battalion South Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M381 Roll 5); später 1stLt; 27th Regiment South Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M381 Roll 5).

 

Bruder von Alexander *Campbell (US 79th Regiment New York Infantry).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Campbell, Alexander and James: Him On One Side and Me On the Other Side: The Civil War Letters of Alexander Campbell, 79th New York Infantry Regiment, and James Campbell, 1st South Carolina Battalion (Univ South Carolina); Edited by Terry A. Johnston Jr.

 

 

Campbell, John A.:

Richter am US-Supreme Court; aus Georgia; Graduated an der University of Georgia; lebte anschließend in Montgomery Alabama, wo er nationale Berühmtheit als Anwalt erlangte. Sein öffentlicher Angriff gegen die Entscheidung der Grand Jury in New Orleans von 1854 im Fall von William *Walker und dessen Freibeutern zeugte von großem persönlichen Mut. Von Präsident Pierce zum Richter am US-Supreme Court ernannt. Er war an der Dred *Scott Decision beteiligt (vgl. Nevins, The Emergence of Lincoln, vol. I, S. 102). Campbell schloß sich nach der Sezession der CSA an (vgl. Nevins: Emergence of Lincoln, a.a.O., S. 103).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Campbell, John A,.: „Papers of Hon. John A. Campbell 1861-1865,“ Southern Historical Society Papers, N.S. IV (October, 1917), pp. 61-74

- **McCormac, E. I.: "Justice Campbell and the Dred Scott Decision," Miss. Valley Hist. Review, XIC (1933), S. 565-571

- Nevins, Allan: The Emergence of Lincoln, vol. I, S. 102-03

 

 

Campbell, James McDonald:

CS-Major; aus Alabama; Priester; 47th Alabama Infantry. 1861 war Campbell zunächst den Truppen gefolgt, die sich bei Pensacola versammelten. Dort fand er eine Stelle als Chaplain in der 1st Georgia Infantry. Er entschied sich dann Soldat zu werden und beende­te seine Tätigkeit als Pfarrer. Bulger schloß sich der 47th Alabama Infantry an und wurde nach Freiwerden der Majors-Stelle zum Major gewählt (vgl. Penny / Laine, a.a.O., S. 49).

 

Das Regiment gehörte 1862 zu BrigGen William B. *Taliaferro's *Brigade in der Division Charles Sidney *Winder und nahm im Au­gust an Jackson's Vorstoß gegen Pope in Virginia und am 9.8.1862 am Battle von Cedar Mountain teil (vgl. LtCol James W. Jackson's Report OR 12.2. S. 207-209).

 

1863 während der Gettysburg Campaign gehörte die 48th Alabama Infantry zu Longstreet’s I. Corps, 1st Division Hood, 4th Brigade BrigGen Evander McIver Law. Die Regimentsstärke betrug im Sommer 1863 vor der Schlacht von Gettysburg 418 Mann (vgl. Penny / Laine: Struggle for the Round Tops, a.a.O., S. 23). Das Regiment nahm am 2.7.1863 teil beim Angriff der Division Hood auf Plum Run Valley und Little Round Top (vgl. Penny / Laine, a.a.O., S. 39 ff).

 

 

Campbell, James N.:

US-Pvt; +++klären+++

 

 

Campbell, John A.:

CS-Col; Regimentskommandeur 48th Virginia Infantry (OR 5: 1047)

 

CS-Col; graduiert im Virginia Military Institute 1844; anschließend Studium der Rechtswissenschaft an der University of Virginia; danach war Campbell Richter (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 152). 1861 Col 48th Virginia Infantry, eingesetzt im westlichen Virginia, dann in Loring's Army of the Northwest. Im Rahmen von Loring's Army of the Northwest Teilnahme an Jack­son's Angriff auf Bath und Romney im Januar 1862 (vgl. OR 5: 391, 1047). Ab Februar 1862 gehörte die 48th Virginia Infantry nach Auflösung von Loring's Army of the Northwest zur 2nd Brigade Col Jesse *Burks in Jackson’s Army of the Valley (vgl. Tanner: Sto­newall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 102). Teilnahme am Battle of Kernstown am 23.3.1862. Campbell übernahm im April 1862 aufgrund der Erkrankung des Brigadekommandeurs Col Jesse *Burks dessen 2nd Brigade in Stonewall Jackson's Army of the Valley (vgl. Tan­ner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 152).

 

 

Campbell, Joseph Boyd:

US-Captain (USV); Battery B, 4th US-Artillery (vgl. Johnson/Anderson: Artillery Hell, a.a.O., S. 70; Anm. bei National Park Soldiers nicht genannt).

 

(1833 or 1836 – 28 August 1891), son of Henry Roe Campbell and Sidney Boyd, was an officer in the United States Army who served as the seventh commander of the Department of Alaska, from August 17, 1874 to June 14, 1876. Boyd graduated from West Point in June 1861, and was commissioned as a 1st lieutenant. After being wounded in the Battle of Antietam, he served as aide-de-camp to William F. Barry from 1862 until 1864. He was promoted to Captain (Anm.: wohl Captain US-Army; dagegen bereits bei Antietam 1862 Captain USV) in February 1867. Boyd commanded Fort Foote from 1870 to 1872, Fort Warren from 1888 to 1889, and Jackson Barracks from 1889 to 1891. Campbell was sent on sick leave in May 1891, and died in Montreal a few months later. He was buried in Beaver, Pennsylvania (vgl. Wikipedia, Stichwort Joseph Boyd Campbell, Abruf vom 6.8.2016)

 

 

Campbell, Josiah A. P. "Jap":

CS-Politiker aus Mississippi; Delegierter auf dem CS-Gründungskongress vom Februar 1861 in Montgomery / Alabama (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 15).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Campbell, Josiah A. P.: Papers. Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

- Wakelyn: Biographical Dictionary of the Confederacy, a.a.O., 123

 

 

Campbell, Lizinska:

s. Ewell, Lizinska

 

 

Campbell, Reuben P.:

CS-Col; 7th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll).

 

Im Battle of New Bern am 13.3.1862 eingesetzt. Brig Gen Branch positioned his troops to defend the line at Fort Thompson. On his left, between the fort and the Beaufort Road, he placed the 27th and 37th North Carolina (Col Charles C. *Lee). Colonel C. C. *Lee commanded the left wing. His right wing, led by Col. Reuben Campbell, consisted of the 7th North Carolina Infantry (Col. Reuben *Campbell) and 35th North Carolina, Latham’s and Brem’s batteries (minus one section), an independent company of infantry, and the militia battalion under Col. H. J. B. Clark. The right wing covered the area between Beaufort Road and the brick kiln on the rail­road. Extending Campbell’s wing to the right of the railroad were the 26th North Carolina, the 2nd North Carolina Cavalry, a section of Brem’s artillery, and “one or two detached companies.” The 33rd North Carolina served as Branch’s only reserve for his thinly spread front line (vgl. McGee, David H.: 26th North Carolina Regimental History, http://www.26nc.org/History/26th-Regimen­tal-History/26th, S.24).

 

 

Campbell, Richard D.:

CS-Pvt; Co. B, 3rd Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 10).

 

 

Campbell, Richard M.:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 42nd Regiment Mississippi Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M232 Roll 6).

 

 

Campbell, Richard M.:

auch als 'Reuben M. Campbell' bezeichnet; CS-1stLt; Co. A, 60th Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 10; vgl. auch Mitchell: Civil War Soldiers, a.a.O., S. 34, 79); zuvor 1stLt, Co. I, 38th Regiment Georgia Infantry; er trat als 2ndLt in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M232 Roll 10); auch 1stLt, Co. K, 61st Regiment Alabama Infantry ('Reuben M. Campbell') (vgl. National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 7).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Campbell, Richard M. (Lt., 60th Regiment Georgia Infantry: Papers; Atlanta Historical Society,Atlanta/Georgia

 

 

Campbell, Richard S.:

CS-Pvt; Co. C, 27th Battalion Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 10).

 

 

Campbell, Richard T.:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 21st Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 10).

 

 

Campbell, Robert:

US-Lt; Quartermaster 4th Michigan Infantry; Teilnahme am Battle of Gettysburg (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 525-26n109

 

Documents/Literature::

- Campbell, Robert (Lt, Quartermaster 4th Michigan Infantry): "Pioneer Memories of the War Days of 1861-1865." Collection and Remarks Made by the Michigan Pioneers and Historical Society 30 (1906): 562-72

 

 

Campbell, Robert Henry:

CS-Sergeant; Co. B (Rockbridge Rifles, Lexington, Rockbridge County), 5th Regiment Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 9); zuvor (?) Sergeant (später Pvt), Co. H, 27th Regiment Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 9).

 

Robert Henry Campbell was born in 1843 in Lexington and resided there. He was a shoemaker. He was described at enlistment as 5' 7", fair complexion, blue eyes, and light hair. At 17 he enlisted on 18/4/1861 at Lexington, VA and was mustered to "H" Co Rockbridge Rifles (27th Virginia Infantry). He was promoted to Sergeant on 28/5/1861. He died 9/9/1870 in Lexington, VA and is buried there in the Stonewall Jackson Cemetery (vgl. http://stonewallbrigade.tripod.com/sitebuildercontent/­sitebuilderfiles/­3briga­des.­pdf, Abruf vom 19.8.2016). Campbell vom Co. H, 27th Regiment Virginia Infantry wurde „reduced to Pvt“, wohl weil er vom 2.7.1861-31.10.1861 erkrankt war. Discharged for T. B. Am 15.12.1861 (vgl. Driver: Confederate Soldiers of Rockbridge County, a.a.O., S. 49).

 

Anm.: die Angabe, Campbell sei Sergeant; Co. B (Rockbridge Rifles, Lexington, Rockbridge County), 5th Regiment Virginia Infan­try gewesen bei National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 9 scheint fehlerhaft und beruht wohl auf einer Personenverwechslung.

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Campbell, Robert Henry (Sergeant; Rockbridge Rifles, later 27th Virginia Infantry): Letters. Campbell-Varner Papers. Preston Library, Virginia Military Institute, Lexington/VA

 

 

Campbell, Robert J.:

US-+++

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Key, Thomas J.: Two Soldiers: The Campaign Diaries of Thos. J. Key, C.S.A., and Robt. J. Campbell, U.S.A., ed. Armistead Cate (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1938)

 

 

Campbell, Wallace:

US-LtCol; Federal Commander des Forts in Athens/Georgia mit einer Garnison bestehend aus 150 East Tennesseans with the 3re Regiment Tennessee Cavalry (US) (vgl. Potter: Sultana Tragedy, a.a.O., S. 7-8; OR Series I, vol. 39, Part 1, pp. 523-524).

 

 

Campbell, William Bowen:

US-BrigGen; 1807-67; aus Tennessee; Rechtsanwalt; Teilnahme am Seminole War und Mexikokrieg; Abgeordneter im US-Repräsen­tantenhaus; Whig Party; 1851 Governor von Tennessee; Gegner der Sezession (vgl. Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 116-17; vgl. Croft: Reluctant Confederates, a.a.O., S. xvi); nach der Sezession Tennessees wurde Campbell im Ost-Tennessee als Kandidat der Sezessi­onsgegner bei den Wahlen zum Tennessee Parlament aufge­stellt, zog jedoch, da diese aussichtslos war, wieder zurück (vgl. Fisher: War at every Door, a.a.O., S. 47). Campbell schlug das Ange­bot zur Beförderung auf einen hohen militärischen Rang durch die CSA-Regierung in Richmond aus und schloß sich der US-Army an; BrigGen USV 30.6.1862. Er schied freiwillig am 26.1.1863 aus. 1865 erneut zum Abgeordneten im US-Congress gewählt; dort unterstützte er Andrew Johnson (vgl. Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 117).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Campbell, William B.: Letter to A. C. Beard, 15.3.1861; in:Campbell Family Papers, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

 

 

Canfield, Herman:

US-Col, 72nd Ohio Infantry; gefallen im Battle of Shiloh

 

 

Canfield, S. S.:

US-Captain; 21st Ohio Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Canfield, S. S. (Captain; 21st Ohio Infantry): History of the 21st Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Toledo, 1893)

 

 

Canby, Edward R. S.:

US-General; 1818-1873; West Point 1838; bei Ausbruch der Sezession war Canby als LtCol Regimentskommandeur 10th US-Infan­try, eingesetzt in NMT gegen die Navajo-Indianer; ab Juni 1861 Nachfolger *Loring's als KomGen. des Wehrbereichs New Mexico mit Hauptquartier in Fort Craig (vgl. Alberts: The Battle of Glorieta, a.a.O., S. 6; Karte, a.a.O., S. 4; Josephy: The Civil War in the American West, a.a.O., S. 37, 38); im September 1962 von Gen. *Carlton abgelöst (Längin S. 127). Anfang 1865 griff Canby mit sei­nen Truppen der Golf-Armee im Rahmen einer großangelegten Zangenoperation Richtung Mobile an, um nach dessen Fall ins südli­che Alabama vorzudringen. Mobile kapitulierte im April 1862 vor Canby’s Infantry (vgl. McPherson, a.a.O., S. 810 f).

 

Photos:

- Alberts: The Battle of Glorieta, a.a.O., S. 12

 

Documents/Literature::

- Bell, Joseph M.: "The Campaign of New Mexico, 1862," War Papers read before the Commandery of the State of Wisconsin, Mili­tary Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States (Milwaukee, Wis.: Burdick, Armitage and Allen: 1891) (Bell war First Lieutenant in the Third US Cavalry)

- Cucullu, Ernest (Capt. CSA): CS-Secret Service Fund (und seine Übergabe an MajGen Canby am 3.6.1865); Confederate Veteran, vil. I, S. 43

- Heymann, Max L. jr.: Prudent Soldier: A Biography of Major General E. R. S. Canby, 1817-1873 (Glendale, Calif.: Arthur H. Clark, 1959)

- Mumey, Nolie (ed.): Bloody Trails along the Rio Grande: A Day-by-Day Diary of Alonzo Ferdinand Ickis (Denver, Colo.: Fred A. Rosenstock, 1958) (Ickis war Private in Dodd's Independent Company of Colorado Volunteers)

- Whitford, William Clarke: Colorado Volunteers in the Civil War: The New Mexico Campaign in 1862 (1906, Reprint, Glorieta, New Mex.: Rio Grande Press, 1971)

 

 

Cannon, Newton:

CS-First Sergeant; Co. I, 11th Regiment Tennessee Cavalry (Holman's); Cannon enlisted as Corporal (vgl. National Park Soldiers M231 Roll 7).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Cannon, Newton: The Reminiscenses of Sergeant Newton Cannon; ed. Campbell H. Brown (Franklin/Tenn.: Caerter House Association, 1963)

 

 

Cantey, James:

CS-BrigGen; 30.12.1818-30.6.1874; auch als George Cantey bezeichnet (so bei Castel, Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 130, 136, 138, 141, 145-47, 166, 338, 585 n 30). Geboren in Camden / South Carolina; graduiert South Carolina College; Studium der Rechte; Rechtsanwalt in Camden; während zwei Legislaturperioden Abgeordneter im South Carolina Parlament; im Mexikokrieg Offizier im Palmetto Regiment; dabei verwundet. Nach dem Mexikokrieg siedelte Camden als Farmer in Russel County / Alabama. 1861 Col 15th Alabama Infantry; eingesetzt mit seinem Regiment 1862 unter Jackson während der Valley Campaign und im Sommer 1862 in den Seven Days Battles vor Richmond. Anschließend versetzt zur Western Army. Am 8.1.1863 BrigGen. Brigade Cantey im Corps Polk, Battle of Resaca / Georgia 13.-16.5.1864 während Sherman's Atlanta Campaign (vgl. Bailey: Battle for Atlanta, a.a.O., S. 38; Secrist, Battle of Resaca, a.a.O., S. 14, 41, 42; Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 130, 136, 138, 141, 145-47, 166, 338, 585 n 30).

 

Photo:

- Warner: Generals in Grey, a.a.O., S. 43

 

Documents/Literature::

- Boatner, a.a.O., S. 121

- Patrick, Robert: Reluctant Rebel: The Secret Diary of Robert Patrick, 1861-1865; ed. F. Jay Taylor (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959); Anm. Patrick war Quartermaster Clerk in Cantey's Headquarter)

- Warner: Generals in Grey, a.a.O., S. 43

 

 

Cantwell, John Lucas:

formerly Captain Co. D, 13th Battalion North Carolina Infantry, was appointed Colonel of the 51st Regiment North Carolina Infantry in April 1862, but resigned in October 1862 for personal reasons. Returning in service in November 1863, he was appointed Captain of Co. F, 3rd North Carolina Infantry Regiment. Captured at the Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse/VA, he moved through various prisoner camps until he was released at Fort Delaware am 25.5.1865 (vgl. Munson, E. B. ([ed.]: Confederate Incognito: The Civil War Reports of „Long Grabs“ a.k.a. Murdoch John McSween, 26th and 35th North Carolina Infantry, a.a.O., S. 239, Anm. 16).

 

 

Carleton (Carlton), Alfred L.:

US-Major; 1st Regiment Vermont Heavy Artillery

 

Im Zivilberuf war er Kaufmann in Montpelier/Vermont; Quartermaster, später Lieutenant 1st Regiment Vermont Hea­vy Artillery (vgl. Ledoux: „Quite ready to be sent somewhere“. The Civil War Letters of Aldace Freeman Walker, a.a.O., S. 19, Letter from 28.8.1862 und S. 22 Anm. 23).

 

Die Schreibweise ist unsicher: Aldace Freeman Walker schreibt „Carleton“ (vgl. Ledoux: „Quite ready to be sent somewhere“. The Civil War Letters of Aldace Freeman Walker, a.a.O., S. 19, Letter from 28.8.1862 und S. 22 Anm. 23); auf dem Photo nennt er sich “Bvt. Major A. L. Carlton“; im Roster 1st Regiment Vermont Heavy Artillery ist er als „Quartermaster Alfred L. Carlton“ angegeben (vgl. National Park Soldiers M557 Roll 3).

 

 

Carleton, George W.:

US-Pvt; Co. K, 20th Regiment Maine Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M543 Roll 3; vgl. LaFantasie: Josua Chamberlain and the American Dream; in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 227n9).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Carleton, George W. (Pvt; Co. K, 20th Maine Infantry): Letter to A. B. Farwell, 6.1.1866; Frost Family Papers, Yale University Library, New Haven, Conn.

 

 

Carper, William W.:

CS-Pvt, 35th Battalion Virginia Cavalry (Angabe auf Photo Library of the Congress) bzw. Co. 2C, 36th Regiment Virginia Infantry (2nd Kanawha Infantry) (vgl. Abgabe bei National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 9).

 

Photo:

Carper, Philip W., Pvt. 35th Battalion, Virginia cavalry (Library of the Congress LC-B8184-10018)

 

 

Capers, Ellison:

14.10.1837 Charleston/SC - † 22.4.1908 Columbia/SC; CS-BrigGen, Gist's Brigade (vgl. National Park Soldiers, M818 ROLL 5); Col; Col 24th South Carolina Infantry; Gist's Brigade (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 484, 504-505, 520). Sohn von Wil­liam Capers (1790-1855) und Susan McGill (1797-1860; Tochter von William McGill, Kershaw County/SC) (vgl. http://www.resear­chonline.net/sccw/ bios/biosc2.htm, Abruf vom 7.6.2015; vgl. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page= gr&GRid=8961, Ab­ruf vom 7.6.2015).

 

William Capers, the grandfather of Ellison, was a soldier of the revolution, a lieutenant in the Second South Carolina regiment, and after the fall of Charleston in 1780, one of Marion's captains in his famous partisan brigade, in which his only brother, G. Sinclair Ca­pers, held the same rank. Several thrilling incidents in the career of these two gallant partisan captains are related by Judge James, of South Carolina, in his life of Marion. They were both planters vgl. http://www.researchonline.net/sccw/ bios/biosc2.htm, Abruf vom 7.6.2015).

Capers was the son of a Methodist bishop. He was born in Charleston, South Carolina, and educated in local schools. He graduated from South Carolina Military Academy, later known as The Citadel, in 1857, and then worked as a teacher at the academy. At the out­break of the Civil War, Capers joined the Confederate Army with the rank of major (aus: Wikipedia, Stichwort Ellison Capers, Ab­ruf vom 7.6.2015). Major Capers und sein Vorgesetzter, Col James Johnston Pettigrew (beide 1st Regiment of Rifles, South Carolina Militia) verhandelten bei Ausbruch der Fort Sumter Krise im Auftrag von South Carolina Governor, Francis W. Pickens, mit Major Robert *Anderson, dem Kommandanten von Fort Sumter (vgl. Wilson: Pettigrew and his Men, a.a.O., S. 33).

 

Capers served on coastal defense duties until 1863, having been promoted to lieutenant colonel of the 24th South Carolina Infantry. In May 1863 the regiment joined the army of General Joseph E. Johnston for the Vicksburg Campaign. Capers was wounded but pro­moted to colonel. Capers returned to field ser­vice in time for the Chickamauga Campaign with the Army of Tennessee. He fought in the disastrous Battle of Franklin. After the campaign he commanded a brigade, replacing States Rights Gist, who had been killed in action. Capers was promoted to brigadier general on March 1, 1865, shortly before the end of hostilities. He was captured at Bentonville, North Carolina, but there is no record of parole. Capers returned home after the Civil War. In December 1865, he was elected Secretary of State for South Carolina. He was rector of Christ Church (Episcopal) in Greenville. He served as the Episcopal Bishop of South Carolina from 1894 to his death. He also served as chancellor of Sewanee: The University of the South from 1904 to 1908. He died in Columbia, South Carolina, and is buried there at Trinity Episcopal Churchyard (aus: Wikipedia, Stichwort Ellison Capers, Abruf vom 7.6.2015).

 

Bruder von CS-BrigGen Francis Withers *Capers (1819 - 1892) (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 7.6.2015); °° Charlotte Rebecca Palmer Capers (1837 - 1908) (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 7.6.2015).

 

Photo:

- Brig Gen Ellison Capers (aus Wikipedia, Stichwort Ellison Capers, Abruf vom 7.6.2015)

- Bischof Ellison Capers (aus: Wikipedia, Stichwort Ellison Capers, Abruf vom 7.6.2015).

- Grabstein von Ellison Capers, Trinity Episcopal Cathedral Cemetery, Columbia/SC (vgl. http://www.­findagrave.com).

 

Literatur

- Capers, Ellison: Letters (Duke University, Durham / North Carolina)

- Capers, W. B.: The Soldier Bishop Ellison Capery (New York, 1912)

- Confederate Military History Vol. 5, pg. 383

 

 

Capers, Francis Withers:

8.8.1819 Savannah. Georgia/SV - † 11.1.1892 Charleston/SC (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page= gr&GRid=8961, Abruf vom 7.6.2015).; CS-BrigGen; ab 1859 Superintendent des Georgia Military Institute; 11.11.1861 BrigGen Georgia State Troops; kommandierte vor­übergehend eine Militia Brigade in der Küstenverteidigung von Georgia; dann erneut Superintendent des Georgia Military Institute; unter seiner Leitung wurden 1863 die Verteidigungsanlagen bei Resaca / Georgia errichtet; Teilnahme am Battle of Resaca mit zwei Kadetten-Kompanien der Georgia Military Institute; anschließend bei der Verteidigung von Atlanta einge­setzt Caper's Kadetten kämpften in Ball's Ferry und während Sherman's March to the Sea (vgl. Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 49).

 

Sohn von William Capers (1790-1855) und Susan McGill (1797-1860; Tochter von William McGill, Kershaw County/SC) (vgl. http://www.researchonline.net/sccw/ bios/biosc2.htm, Abruf vom 7.6.2015; vgl. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page= gr&GRid=8961, Abruf vom 7.6.2015). Bruder von CS-BrigGen 'Ellison *Capers (1819 - 1892) (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page= gr&GRid=8961, Abruf vom 7.6.2015).

 

Photo:

- Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 49

- Francis Withers Capers (Gemälde) (aus: http://www.findagrave.com)

 

 

Capron, Horace:

US-Col; 14th Illinois Cavalry; im Juli 1863 eingesetzt bei der Verfolgung von Morgan's Raiders (vgl. Horwitz: The Longest Raid, a.a.O., S. 33); später Brig Gen Horace Capron; Capron’s Cavalry Brigade (14th Illinois Cavalry und 8th Michigan Cavalry), während Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign in *Stoneman’s Cavalry (John Schofield’s Armee) auf dem rechten Flügel Sherman’s einge­setzt; deckte am *Sweetwater Creek zusammen mit Stoneman’s Cavalry am 9./10.7.1864 den Flußübergang über den *Chattahoo­chee River gegenüber Sandtown / Georgia (Karte bei Davis Nr. 60.1; vgl. Evans, Sherman’s Horsemen, a.a.O., S. 51, 53, 55); Capron nahm anschließend mit seiner Brigade am Moore’s Bridge Raid (10.-18.7.1864) teil.

 

Documents/Literature::

- Capron, Horace: „A Brief Record of the Military Services of General Horace Capron and the 14th Regiment of Illinois Cavalry Vol­unteers.“ Horace Capron Papers, microfilm copies. State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison

 

 

Capron, Thaddeus H.:

US-?????; aus Illinois ????? (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 581 n 34).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Capron, Thaddeus H.: "War Diary of Thaddeus H. Capron, 1861-1865"; in: Journal of the Illinois Historical Society 12 (1919); S. 380, 382

 

 

Cardwell, Thomas A.:

CS-Pvt; Co E 1st Battalion Arkansas Cavalry; Cardwell's letters, dated from 1862 to 1863, were written from various points in Ar­kansas and Mississippi and describe some military operations prior to the siege of Vicksburg. Cardwell was captured with the rest of General John C. Pemberton's army on July 4, 1863, at Vicksburg and was released on parole.

 

Documents/Literature::

- Cardwell, Thomas A.: Letters; in: William Harper Cardwell: Papers, 1854-1866; 26 items. Letters and papers pertaining to the Wil­liam Harper Cardwell family of Fayetteville (Washington County). The collection includes thirteen letters from Private Thomas A. Cardwell, Company E, First Battalion Arkansas Cavalry, to his father, William, his brother, Addison F. Cardwell, and other members of his family. Thomas's letters, dated from 1862 to 1863, were written from various points in Arkansas and Mississippi and describe some military operations prior to the siege of Vicksburg. Cardwell was captured with the rest of General John C. Pemberton's army on July 4, 1863, at Vicksburg and was released on parole. In addition to the letters, the Cardwell collection includes a parole oath si­gned by Thomas on July 7, 1863, an amnesty oath signed by Addison in 1866, and several examples of Arkansas Confederate curren­cy and postage stamps (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Carleton, James Henry:

27.12.1814 Lubec/Maine - † 7.1.1873 San Antonio/Texas

 

Carleton was an officer in the U. S. Army and a general in the Union army during the American Civil War. Carleton is best known as an Indian fighter in the southwestern United States.  He was commissioned as a Lieutenant in the US Army in 1839, during the Aroostook War, and took part in the Mexican-American War. He served in the 1st U.S. Dragoons in the American West, participa­ting as a Lieutenant in an 1844 expedition to the Pawnee and the Oto.

 

US-MajGen (breveted) und LtCol US-Army; Col 1st California Infantry Regiment  August 19, 1861 - June 1, 1862.

 

In 1861 Carleton raised and was appointed colonel of the 1st California Volunteer Infantry Regiment. In October 1861, Colonel Car­leton replaced Brigadier General George Wright as commander of the District of Southern California. In 1862 he led the so-cal­led California Column across CaliforniaArizonaNew Mexico, and into Texas. Along the way the Californians fought the Battle of Picacho Pass and, afterward, the Battle of Apache Pass. Carleton was promoted to Brigadier General of volunteers on April 28, du­ring the march from California to Arizona. He also established Fort Bowie near Apache Pass. Carleton finally linked up with Union forces under General Edward R. S. Canby in New Mexico. After the Confederate threat to New Mexico seemed to have been elimi­nated, Canby and many of the Union forces were sent to the east; so, in late August, Carleton was placed in command of the Depart­ment of New Mexico. Because of uncertainty as to whether the Confederates would try to re-invade New Mexico, Carleton took measures such as maintaining spies along the New Mexico-Texas border and retaining the services of volunteer units from Colorado which had played a prominent role in expelling the Confederates from New Mexico in the winter and spring of 1862 (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Henry_Carleton).

During his tenure as department commander, Carleton was concerned mainly with Indian threats. His primary field commander was Colonel Christopher "Kit" Carson. Carleton campaigned relentlessly against the Indians, and although he was strong on discipline, he was popular with his men. Against the Navajo he elected scorched earth tactics. Carleton's campaigning brought the depredations of the Navajo to an end at Canyon de Chelly, and was followed by the "Long Walk". Carleton next sent Carson on an expedition to rid the southwest of Indian raids which resulted in the Battle of Adobe Walls. One notorious quote by Carleton on the subject of Indians: "All Indian men of that tribe are to be killed whenever and wherever you can find them…. If the Indians send in a flag of truce say to the bearer ... that you have been sent to punish them for their treachery and their crimes. That you have no power to make peace, that you are there to kill them wherever you can find them." (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Henry_Carleton).

Carleton was appointed brevet major general in the regular army in 1865, the same year that the Civil War ended. He retained com­mand of his volunteer troops until 1866 when U.S. Regulars took over in the West. Carleton served as a lieutenant colonel of the 4th U.S. Cavalry after the war (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Henry_Carleton).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Hunt, Aurora, James H. Carleton, 1814–1873, Western Frontier Dragoon, Frontier Military Series II, Glendale, California: The Ar­thur H. Clark Company, 1958

 

 

Carley, Alvah B.:

US-Pvt 5th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment Co. L. 18 years old upon enlistment. Enlisted on 8/19/1862 at Lowville, NY as a Private. On 9/12/1862 he mustered into "C" Co. NY 5th Heavy Artillery. He died of disease on 11/26/1864 at Maryland Heights, MD.

 

 

Carlile, John Snyder:

US-Politiker, 1817-78; US-Senator aus West-Virginia; Abgeordneter im 37. Congress der USA; wurde Carlile im Juli 1861 in den US-Senat gewählt als Nachfolger von Robert M. T. Hunter auf dessen verwaisten Senatssitz. Zuvor hatte Carlile auf der Versamm­lung von Wheeling / West Virginia die Trennung West Virginias von Virginia und die Gründung eines eigenen Staates West Virginia gefordert; er unterlag auf der Abstimmung gegen mehr moderate Ansichten und die Gründung wurde zwei Jahre lang zurückgestellt (Ruffin, Diary II 29 mit Anm. 19).

 

 

Carlin, William P.:

US-MajGen; 1829-1903; aus Illinois; West Point 1850 (20/44); Infantry; US-Berufsoffizier; 2.3.1861 Beförderung zum Captain in der 6th US-Infantry; Col 38th Illinois Infantry 15.8.1861; ++++ (Boatner, S. 123) +++ BrigGen 29.11.1862 ++++Carlin was a West Pointer who joined the 38th Illinois in 1861 and went on to become a Brigadier General, having fought at Perryville, Stones River, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Resaca, Kennesaw Mountain, Jonesboro, Bentonville and Atlanta

 

Documents/Literature::

- Carlin, William P. (38th Illinois): The Memoirs of William Passmore Carlin (Univ Nebraska, 352 pp, Photos, Index, Edited by Nat Hughes and Robert Girardi).

· The Battle of Bentonville - Brevet Major General Wm. P. Carlin, U.S.A. (Ohio MOLLUS Sketches of War History Volume Three Transcribed by Larry Stevens: Sketches of War History, 1861-1865. Papers read before the Ohio Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. 1888-1890. Edited by Robert Hunter, late Captain U.S.V., Recorder. Published by the Com­mandery. Volume Three. Cincinnati. Robert Clarke and Company. 1890. Reprinted by Broadfoot Publishing Co. NC. 1991 )

 

 

Carll, George W.:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 14th Regiment New York (Brooklyn) Infantry (vgl. Tevis: Fighting Fourteenth, a.a.O., S. 271; Anm.: bei National Park Soldiers not noted in this unit); Age, 20 years. Enlisted, April 18, 1861, at Brooklyn, to serve three years; mustered in as private, Co. A, May 23, 1861; missing in action, July 1, 1863, at Gettysburg, Pa.; returned to company, October 8, 1863; mustered out with company, June 6, 1864, at New York City (vgl. Tevis: Fighting Fourteenth, a.a.O., S. 271); in National Park Soldiers (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 21) is mentioned in 1865 as Pvt George W. Carll, 56th Regiment New York National Guard (New, 1865).

 

 

Carlton, James H.:

US-General; Carlton löst im September 1862 Edward R. S. *Canby als KomGen. des Wehrbereichs New Mexico ab (Längin S. 127)

 

 

Carman, Ezra A.:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 13th Regiment New Jersey Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M550 Roll 4); zuvor LtCol 7tr Regiment New Jersey Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M550 Roll 4)

 

Während Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign 1864 gehörte die 13th New Jersey Infantry unter Col Ezra A. Carman zur 2nd Brigade Brig­Gen Thomas H. Ruger, 1st Division BrigGen Alpheus S. Williams, XX Corps MajGen Joseph P. Hooker (vgl. B & L, vol. IV, S. 286), MajGen George H. Thomas’ Army of the Cumberland. Teilnahme am Battle of Resaca am 14./15.5.1864. Die Division Williams wur­de hierbei an den äußersten linken Flügel der US-Front verlegt zur Unterstützung des dort eingesetzten IV. Corps, welches praktisch in der Luft hing. Gegen diesen Flügel erfolgte der CS-Angriff von Gen Hood mit den Divisionen Stewart und Stevenson mit dem Ziel Sherman‘s Army zu flankieren und sie von ihren rückwärtigen Verbindungen nach Snake Creek Gap abzuschneiden. Der Angriff wurde erst im letzten Moment, nachdem die US-Front bereits zerbrochen war, durch Captain Simonson‘s Artillery im direkten Be­schuß zusammen geschossen (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 163 ff).

 

Carman war nach dem Krieg Mitglied des Antietam Battlefield Board und Mitherausgeber des 'Atlas of the Battlefield of Antietam'. Er sammelte nach dem Krieg umfangreiches Material über die Schlacht von Antietam, für ein Manuscript, das unveröffentlicht blieb, und unausgewertet in der Library of Congress schlummerte. Erst Stephen W. *Sears stieß aufgrund eines Hinweises von Bruce *Cat­ton auf dieses Material, das er bei seinem Werk über die Schlacht von Antietam benutzte (vgl. Sears, Landscape Turned Red, a.a.O., S. 373).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Carman, Ezra A.: „History of the Antietam Campaign“; Library of Congress, Washington

- Carman, Ezra: „Maryland Campaign,“ typed transcript of his handwritten notes; Antietam National Battlefield

- Carman, Ezra: „Battle of South Mountain, September 14tr, 1862,“ Ezra Carman typed transcript, pp. 224-232 (zitiert bei Priest: Battle of South Mountain, a.a.O., Bibliography, S. 411)

 

 

Carmichael, Abner Bynum:

1831 - † gef. 14.3.1862 Battle of New Bern/NC; beerd. Presbyterian Cemetery, Wilkesboro/NC (http://www.findagrave.com); CS-Major; Co. C, 26th North Carolina Infantry Regi­ment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 6); er war zunächst Commander der Wilkes Volunteers, die am 27.8.1861 als Co. C in das 26th North Carolina Infantry Regiment aufgenommen wurden. Carmichael wurde am 27.8.1861 als Major des 26th North Caroli­na Infantry Regiment gewählt (vgl. Bragg: Covered with Glory, a.a.O., S. 11). Im Battle of New Berne kommandierte Major Carmichael die links in der Regimentslinie verschanzten Co. A, D und G der 26th North Carolina Infantry (vgl. Hess: Lee's Tar Heels, a.a.O., S. 13).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Stepp, Jeff: „Dedications of the New Gravestone for Major Abner Carmichael“; Company Front (May-June 1995)

 

 

Carnes, W. W.:

CS-Lt; Carnes's Tennessee Battery; die Einheit wurde während der Schlacht von Shiloh bei Verteidigung des rückwärtigen Raumes bei Corinth / Mississippi eingesetzt (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 121, 321).

 

 

Carothers, J. S.:

CS-+++; 45th Mississippi Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Carothers. J. S.: "Forty-Five Mississippi Regiment." Confederate Veteran, vol 6 (April 1898), S. 175

 

 

Carpenter, George M.:

US-+++; 8th Vermont Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Carpenter, George M.: History of the Eighth Regiment Vermont Volunteers, 1861-1865 (Boston, 1886); 322 pp; Rosters; Maps

 

Carpenter, Henry C.:

CS-Corporal; † 6.10.1864 Woodstock, Virginia; aus Bland County, Virginia; Co. H, 45th Virginia Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Carpenter, Henry C.: Letters, 1862-64. Born in Bland County, Virginia. Corporal in Company H, 45th Virginia Infantry. Papers con­sist of seven letters from Carpenter to his sister Elizabeth, written between February 1862 and June 1864 while encamped in the Ka­nawha Valley of West Virginia; Monroe County, West Virginia; Saltville, Virginia; and Harrisonburg, Virginia. Participated in the Battle of Cloyd's Farm in May 1864. Died in Woodstock, Virginia, on October 6, 1864. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Col­lections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Li­braries Ms 96-008).

 

 

Carpenter, John C.:

CS-Captain; Graduate des Virginia Military Institute (VMI) und Schüler Jackson's. Kompanie-Chef der Co A 27th Virginia Infantry (vgl. Hinweis bei National Park Soldiers M392 Roll 9).; dann Batteriechef einer Artillerie Batterie (Carpenter's Battery) unter Jack­son während der Valley Campaign (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 52; OR I 5: 977, 390). Carpenter trat als First Lieu­tenant in die Battery ein und wurde später Captain (vgl. National Park Soldiers M392 Roll 9).

 

Teilnahme von Captain John C. Carpenter's Battery am Angriff auf Winchester/VA am 13.6.1863 (vgl. Nye: Here come the Rebels, a.a.O., S. 81).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Fonerden, Clarence A.: A Brief History of the Military Career of Carpenter's Battery, From its Organization as a Rifle Company un­der the Name of the Alleghany Roughs to the Ending of the War Between the States (New Market 1911); This unit served with the Stonewall Brigade designated as Company "A" of the 27th Regiment of the 1st Virginia Brigade.

 

 

Carpenter, Leonard W.:

US-LtCol; 1863 Regimentskommandeur 4th Ohio Infantry; Carpenter's 4th Ohio Infantry gehörte im Juli 1863 zu Samuel S. *Car­rol's Brigade (*Gibraltar Brigade) und verteidigte am 2.7.1863 den East Cemetery Hill im Battle of Gettysburg.

 

 

Carpenter, Matthew H.:

US-Senator aus Wisconsin Senator who staunchly supported the Union.

 

Documents/Literature::

- Flower, F. A.: Life of Matthew H. Carpenter (Madison 1883)

 

 

Carr, Austin A.:

US-Pvt; 82nd New York Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Carr, Austin A. (82nd NY): A Casualty at Gettysburg and Andersonville: Selections from the Diary of Private Austin A. Carr of the 82nd N.Y. Infantry (Longstreet House, 1998); Revised Edition; Edited by David Martin; 28 pp; Photos; Maps; Illustrations

 

 

Carr, Charles W.:

US-Pvt; Co. D, 21st Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 5; vgl. Noe: Perryville, a.a.O., S. 115).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Carr, Charles (Pvt, Co. D, 21st Regiment Wisconsin Infantry): Collection. Chicago Historical Society

 

 

Carr, Eugene Asa:

US-BrigGen; 1820-1910; aus New York; West Point 1850 (19/44); US-Berufsoffizier; Mounted Rifles, Cavalry; Indianerkriege, hier­bei schwer verwundet; 1858 Captain 1st US Cavalry; versetzt zur 4th US Cavalry am 3.8.1861; eingesetzt in Missouri; Battle of Wil­son's Creek am 10.8.1861; Col 3rd Illinois Cavalry 16.8.1861; im US-Department of Missouri Brigadekommandeur 3rd Brigade in Samuel Ryan *Curtis Army of the Southwest vom 12.10.-28.12.1861 und der 4th Division Army of the Southwest.

 

Col Carr's Division umfaßte folgende Einheiten (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 333):

- 1st Brigade Col Grenville M. Dodge

- 4th Iowa Infantry LtCol John Galligan

- 35th Illinois Infantry Col Gustavus A. Smith

- 1st Independent Battery, Iowa Light Artillery Captain Junius A. Jones

- 3rd Illinois Cavalry Major John McConnell

- 2nd Brigade Col William Vandever

- 9th Iowa Infantry LtCol Francis J. Herron

- 25th Missouri Infantry Col John S. Phelps

- 3rd Independent Battery, Iowa Light Artillery

(Dubuque Battery) Captain Mortimer M.

Hayden

 

Battle of Pea Ridge, hierbei dreimal verwundet, weigerte er sich das Schlachtfeld zu verlassen und nahm an der Schlacht weiter teil, festgebunden auf seinem Pferd (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 127); hierfür wurde Carr mit der Medal of Honor ausgezeichnet und zum BrigGen befördert. Divisionskommandeur 2nd Division District East Arkansas in der Army of the Southwest vom 7.10. - 13. Nov. 1862, sowie im District von St. Louis vom 13.11.1862 bis 23.2.1863; Divisionskommandeur 2nd Division Army of the Southwest in Missouri im Februar/März 1863.

 

Teilnahme an Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 1863; Divisionskommandeur 14th Division in McClernand's XIII Army Corps (vgl. Bear­ss, Edwin Cole: The Vicksburg Campaign, Vol. II, a.a.O, Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik44d2, S. 404); Marsch zur Umgehung von *Grand Gulf auf der Westseite des Mississippi in Louisiana von Coffee's Point bis zum Ufer gegenüber *Bruinsburg im April 1863 (vgl. Bearss, a.a.O, S. 317-18; Karte: Davis Nr. 155 D6); Carr's Division (1st Brigade BrigGen William E. Benton, 2nd Brigade Col William M. Stone) führte den Vorstoß von McClernand's XIII. Army Corps von Bruinsburg Richtung Port Gibson an (vgl. Bearss, a.a.O., S. 319). Battle of Port Gibson, Miss. am 1.5.1863.

 

Documents/Literature::

- Bearss, Edwin Cole: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vol. II, S. 39, 40, 41, 47, 270, 273, 274, 291, 295, 296, 314, 319, 356, 359, 361, 366, 374, 375, 378, 379, 381, 385, 404, 429, 446, 48, 459, 461, 463, 521, 561, 570, 580, 585, 617, 618, 628, 629, 630, 640, 648, 663, 665, 671, 674, 680, 687

- Bearss, Edwin Cole: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vol. III, S. 758, 790, 800, 863, 881, 930, 935, 959

- Carr, William Riley: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 176, 182, 197-99, 205, 208-09

- Shea/Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 9-10, 12, 14, 42, 53, 59-60, 66-67, 93-94, 119-21, 146-47, 149, 151-58, 161-84, 189, 191, 201-02, 216, 221, 225, 228, 235, 238, 253, 257, 282, 300, 311, 315, 329

 

 

Carr, George W.:

US-Truppenarzt

 

Photo:

- Elisha Hunt:: All for the Union, a.a.O., S. 67

 

 

Carr, Henry M.:

US-Major; zunächst Captain, Co. B, 72nd Indiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 12); Carr wurde bei der Aufstel­lung der Co. B in Crawfordsville, Montgomery County/Indiane zum Captain gewählt (vgl. Magee: Seventy-Second Indiana, a.a.O., S. 9).

 

 

Carr, James:

US-Pvt; 56th New York Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Carr, James: Letters, 1862. Soldier in the 56th New York Regiment. Collection consists of two letters written by Carr and Thomas Clark, also of the 56th New York Regiment, in June 1862 from near the Chickahominy River, Virginia. Both letters are to a man na­med Robert. Carr's letter describes in detail the regiment's involvement in the Battle of Fair Oaks and Seven Oaks. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide - Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Depart­ment of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 90-035).

 

 

Carr, Joseph B.:

US-++General;

 

 

Carr, Levi F.:

Schulkamerad von Elisha Hunt Rhodes und wie dieser ab Mai 1861 Private in der 2nd Rhode Island Infantry (vgl. Rhodes, Elisha Hunt: All for the Union, a.a.O., S. 4).

 

 

Carr, Thomas H.:

US-First Lieutenant; 1861 in der 2nd Rhode Island Infantry (vgl. Rhodes, Elisha Hunt: All for the Union, a.a.O., S. 5)

 

 

Carrington, George:

+++-+++

 

Documents/Literature::

- Carrington, George: Diary (Chicago Historical Society, Chicago)

 

 

Carrington, Joseph:

CS-Captain; aus Charlottesville / Va.; Batteriechef von Carrington's Charlottesville Light Artillery (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Val­ley, a.a.O., S. 369).

 

 

Carroll, Samuel S.:

US-MajGen; 1832-93; West Point 1856 (44/49), Infantry; Col. 8th Ohio Infantry; im Battle of Kernstown am 23.3.1862 gehörte die 8th Ohio Infantry zur 1st Brigade Kimball, Division Shields, Bank's Army Corps (vgl. OR 12 [I]: 340 [Shields' Report]). Teilnahme am Battle of Kernstown am 23.3.1862 (vgl. Carrol's Report OR 12 [I] 368). Carrol's Brigade (*Gibraltar Brigade) verteidigte am 2.7.1863 mit 7th WVA, 4th and 8th Ohio, and 14th Indiana den East Cemetary Hill im Battle of Gettysburg. Carroll wurde verwundet am 5.4.1864 im Battle of the Wilderness als Brigadekommandeur in Hancock's 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac (vgl. Porter: Campaigning with Grant, a.a.O., S. 52); seine Brigade führte am 2. Tag des Battle of the Wilderness einen wichtigen Gegenangriff und eroberte die durch - von Gen. Robert E. Lee persönlich geführten - CS-Truppen eroberten Stellungen von Hancock's 2nd Army Corps zurück (Porter, Campai­ning with Grant, a.a.O., S. 62); BrigGen seit 12.5.1864;

 

Documents/Literature::

- Gary Lash: Twenty-Five Minutes of Fighting: The Gibraltar Brigade on East Cemetary Hill (Butternut and Blue); 215 pp; 6 Maps; Index; 62 Photos

 

 

Carroll, W. C.:

US-Journalist; Reporter des New York Herald; Carroll war während der Schlacht von Shiloh ein Volunteer Aid im Stab von US Grant; direkt nach der Schlacht eilte Carroll zur Telegraphenstation in Fort Henry und war der erste Reporter der über die Schlacht von Shiloh berichtete (vgl. Catton: Grant Moves South, a.a.O., S. 251 und S. 513n19; Brief Carroll's vom 24.12.1862 an den Con­gress-Abgeordneten Washburn; in: Washburn Papers ).

 

 

Carroll, William H.:

CS-BrigGen; 1810 (?)-68; Tenn. Eldest son of a six-term Gov. of Tenn; he framed in Panola County, Miss., before moving to Mem­phis in 1848. Here he was postmaster for several years. When Tenn. seceeded, he organized state troops for the CSA, became Col., then BrigGen of militia before commissioned BrigGen CSA. Briefly in Memphis, Carroll took over the post at Knoxville. After lea­ding his brigade in the skirmishes around Logan C. R., 19.1.1862 (s. auch Battle of Mill Springs), he was belately charged with in­competence and finally resigned 1.2.21863. Joining his family in Canada (where they had fled from occupied Memphis) he seen died there.

 

 

Carruth, Sumner:

US-BrigGen bvt.; Col; Col 35th Massachusetts Infantry während Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 1863 (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg vol. III, S. 1145).

 

Sumner Carruth was an officer in the volunteer army of the United States during the American Civil War. He commanded the 35th Massachusetts Infantry and eventually rose to the command of two different brigades in the IX Corps (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/Sumner_Carruth).

 

Carruth was born on December 22, 1834 in North Brookfield, Massachusetts. He worked as a machinist. At the outbreak of the Civil War he was a militia officer. His company, the Chelsea Light Infantry, was mustered into the federal service as Company H of the 1st Massachusetts Infantry in 1861. 1st Lt. Carruth was credited with the leading role in persuading the company to volunteer (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sumner_Carruth).

 

On May 22, 1861, Carruth, became captain of Company H by election. He first saw combat at First Bull Run in the brigade of Col. Israel B. Richardson. Carruth next served in the Army of the Potomac during the Peninsula Campaign. The regiment was in the III Corps in the division of Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker. Carruth was present at the Battle of Yorktown (1862), where his company distinguished itself. The company also fought at the Battle of Williamsburg. Carruth was wounded in the arm at the Battle of Seven Pines, apparently missing the subsequent battles of the Peninsula Campaign (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sumner_Carruth).

 

Carruth returned to the field as a major in the newly organized 35th Massachusetts Infantry, commissioned at that rank on August 21, 1862. He was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel on August 27 of that year. The regiment served in IX Corps in the division of Brig. Gen. Samuel D. Sturgis. Carruth was present at the Battle of South Mountain, where the commander, Col. Edward A. Wild was wounded. Carruth succeeded to command, but he was wounded at the Battle of Antietam near Burnside’s Bridge.[2] Car­ruth was captured at White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia on November 11, 1862, missing the Battle of Fredericksburg. After being exchanged, Carruth next served in IX Corps in the Department of the Ohio. He became colonel of his regiment on May 1, 1863 and served with the corps in the Siege of Vicksburg, as well as in Eastern Tennessee. Carruth led the 2nd brigade, 2nd division, IX Corps from February 2 to March 3, 1864, before the Corps was transferred back to Virginia. In Virginia, he led the same brigade in April 1864. Then he led 1st brigade, 1st division, IX Corps from April 25 to May 6, 1864. On the second day of the Battle of the Wilderness, May 6, Carruth's brigade was involved in the fighting on the Orange Plank Road. Fighting in the Wilderness alongside the troops of Brig. Gen. Alexander Webb and Brig. Gen. James Wadsworth, Carruth was felled by sunstroke and carried from the field (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sumner_Carruth).

 

Col. Carruth returned to IX Corps in the Army of the Potomac late in 1864 during the Siege of Petersburg, command his regiment. He led a brigade in the second division from January 23 to February 11, 1865, in the absence of Brig. Gen. John I. Curtin. He did so again from May 4 to June 9 of that year, serving in the Department of Washington after the Confederate surrender. Carruth was mus­tered out of the volunteer service on June 9, 1865. On January 13, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Carruth for the award of the honorary grade of brevet brigadier general, U.S. Volunteers, to rank from April 9, 1865, and the U.S. Senate confirmed the award on March 12, 1866. His brevet was awarded for gallant and meritorious services in the attack on Fort Mahone on April 2, 1865 during Battle of Petersburg III. Maj. Gen. John G. Parke, commander of IX Corps, recommended him; and two other officers com­mended his regiment for its role in that action (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sumner_Carruth).

 

Sumner Carruth married Clara Smith of Newark, New Jersey on August 18, 1862, just before leaving the 1st Massachusetts and joi­ning the 35th regiment. The Sumner’s had two daughters, Minnie Hale, born in 1863, and Clara Louise, born in 1869. Carruth farmed and served as a customs official. Sumner died in 1892 in Andover, Massachusetts and was buried in the West Parish Cemetery (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sumner_Carruth).

 

 

Carson, Christopher "Kit":

US-LtCol im 1st NMT Volunteer Infantry; vor dem Krieg Indianeragent; um 1850 *Frémont's Scout in dessen berühmter Exploration of the West; berühmter Indianer-Kämpfer; bis Frühling 1861 Indianer-Agent der US-Regierung für die Moache-, Tabeguache Ute und Jicarilla Apache (Josephy: The Civil War in the West, a.a.O., S. 3); stammte aus Taos / NMT (vgl. Josephy: The Civil War in the American West, a.a.O, S. 3, 41).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Alberts, Don E. (ed.): Rebels on the Rio Grande: The Civil War Journal of A. B. Peticolas, University of New Mexico Press, Albu­querque 1984

- Blackwelder, Bernice: Great Westerners, Caxton Printers, Caldwell / Idaho, 1862

- Estergreen, M. Morgan: Kit Carson - A Portrait in Courage, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman 1962

- Guild, Thelma S. and Harvey L. Carter: Kit Carson - A Pattern for Heroes, University of Nebrasca Press, Lincoln, 1984

- Sabin, Edwin L.:: Kit Carson Days (1808-1868), A. C. McClurg & Co., Chicago 1914

 

 

Carson, James Harvey:

CS-BrigGen und Politiker; Ende 1861 / Anfang 1862 Kommandeur einer Miliz-Brigade im Shenandoah Valley unter Stonewall Jack­son (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 50, 68, 75, 78). Nach Abschluß von Jackson's Expedition nach Bath und Romney und der US-Räumung von Romney bezogen Jackson's Truppen ihre Winterquartiere. Carson's Militia konzentrierte sich dabei um Bath (vgl. Tanner, a.a.O., S. 78). Carson schied am 1.2.1862 aus und wurde erneut Politiker; Senator im Virginia Senate; Präsident des Virginia Senate (vgl. Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 51).

 

 

Carswell, Reuben Walker:

CS-LtCol (CSA) und BrigGen (Georgia Militia); 14.6.1861 Lt Co C 20th Georgia Infantry; März 1862 Captain Co E 48th Georgia Infantry; 22.3.1862 LtCol 48th Georgia Infantry; Carswell zeichnete sich im Seven Days Battle 1862 und im Battle of Chancellors­ville aus; 1863 zum Abgeordneten im Georgia Parlament gewählt; 1864 BrigGen Georgia Militia (vgl. Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 52).

 

Photo:

- Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 52

 

 

Carter, Eugene:

US-Lt; Quartermaster 22nd Massachusetts Infantry; sein Bruder Robert Goldthwaite *Carter war Pvt im gleichen Regiment

 

Documents/Literature::

- Carter, Robert Goldthwaite (22nd Massachusetts Infantry): Four Brothers in Blue; or, Sunshine and Shadows of the War of the Re­bellion, A Story of the Great Civil War from Bull Run to Appomattox (1913, Reprint, Austin: University of Texas Press, 1978); Ei­cher says "...the work is a splendid source for life on the march, in camp, and in battle with the Massachusetts men; "One of the Civil War 100" classic books by Civil War Magazine

 

 

Carter, J. P. T.:

US-Sympathisant; Carter war ein einflußreicher Unionist aus Carter County in East Tennessee und beteiligte sich aktiv am Versuch, East-Tennessee der USA anzuschließen. Im Juli 1861 schloß sich Carter dem damaligen Lt William *Nelson an und begab sich, um Waffen für Unionisten in East Tennessee zu beschaffen in Carter's Rekrutierungscamp Dick Robinson in Kentucky (vgl. Fisher: War at Every Door, a.a.O., S. 52).

 

 

Carter, John C.:

CS-BrigGen; 19.12.1837-9.12.1864; tödlich verwundet im Battle of Franklin am 30.11.1864, wurde Carter nach Carrington House bei Franklin verlegt, wo er kurz darauf starb (Hay: "Cleburne, Stonewall of the West"; Einführung zu Buck: "Cleburne and his Com­mand", a.a.O., S. 24).

 

Photo:

- Hay: "Cleburne, Stonewall of the West"; Einführung zu Buck: "Cleburne and his Command", a.a.O., S. 24

 

 

Carter, John W.:

CS-Col; 13th Mississippi Infantry; im Battle of Fredericksburg im Dezember 1862 gehörte die 13th Mississippi zu Barkdale's Briga­de, welche den Brückenschlag der US-Truppen über den Rappahannock durch Scharfschützenfeuer lange Zeit verhinderten (Report von Col John W. Carter, OR 21:600-601; abgedruckt bei Luvaas / Nelson: Chancellorsville and Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 20-21).

 

 

Carter, Robert Goldthwaite:

US-Pvt; Carter was a private in the 22nd Massachusetts Infantry; his brother Eugene served as a 1st Lt and Quartermaster in the same unit; his other brothers served in the 22nd Mass Infantry and 1st Mass Heavy Artillery. Their letters tell an unbroken tale of the batt­les of the Eastern Theater.

 

Documents/Literature::

- Carter, Robert Goldthwaite (22nd Massachusetts Infantry): Four Brothers in Blue; or, Sunshine and Shadows of the War of the Re­bellion, A Story of the Great Civil War from Bull Run to Appomattox (1913, Reprint, Austin: University of Texas Press, 1978); Ei­cher says "...the work is a splendid source for life on the march, in camp, and in battle with the Massachusetts men; "One of the Civil War 100" classic books by Civil War Magazine

- Carter, Robert Goldthwaite: "Reminiscenses of the Gettysburg Campaign." Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, Maine Commandary, War Papers 2 (1902): 149-83

 

 

Carter, Samuel P.:

US-BrigGen; Kavallerie-General; bei Kriegsausbruch Lt. der Navy, wurde Carter von Präs. Lincoln als Col. zur US-Army versetzt, mit dem Auftrag, in Kentucky die aus den East-Tennessee Flüchtlingen Truppen zu organisieren (vgl. Fisher: War at every Door, a.a.O., S. 52; Kelly: Holding Kentucky for the Union; in: B&L vol 1, S. 378). Die Aufstellung erfolgte bei Barboursville / Ky. (vgl. Kelly: Holding Kentucky for the Union; in: B&L vol 1, S. 378). Carter führte den ersten "Long-Distance-Raid" der US-Kavallerie durch, Carter's Raid nach Ost-Tennessee und Südwest-Virginia vom 20.12.62-1.5.63, wobei die wichtigen Eisenbahnbrücken der East Tennessee & Virginia Railroad über den Holston und den Watauga, bei Bristol, TN, zerstört wurden (vgl. Johnston, Military Operati­ons, a.a.O., S. 155; zu den Einzelheiten: vgl. Starr: Union Cavalry, vol. III S. 95 ff.)

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History, Vol. 1: Fort Sumter to Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 281

 

Documents/Literature::

- Carter, Samuel P.: Memoirs; University of Tennessee Library, Special Collections, Knoxville

 

 

Carter, Thomas H.:

CS-Col; zunächst Captain in W.P. Carter's Battery, Virginia Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10). Im Battle of Gettysburg war LtCol Thomas H. Carter der Kommandeur von Carter's Artillery Battery, Rodes' Division, Ewell's Corps (vgl. Tru­deau: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 588; vgl. Nolan: „R. E. Lee and July I at Gettysburg“, a.a.O., S. 22).

 

Carter was born in King William County, Virginia, the third of five children and the second son of Thomas Nelson Carter and Juliet Gaines Carter. His father was a first cousin to Robert E. Lee. Carter was a member of the Virginia Military Institute (VMI) Class of 1849. He earned medical degrees from the University of Virginia (1851) and the University of Pennsylvania (1852). Carter never practiced medicine. Instead, he returned to manage his father's plantation, Pampatike, after the overseer died (vgl. https://en. wikipe­dia.org/wiki/Thomas_Henry_Carter).

 

He entered what became the Army of Northern Virginia in June 1861 as captain of the King William Artillery. His younger brother, Julian Carter of the 4th Virginia Cavalry, was killed in late July 1862 at a minor skirmish near Malvern Hill. Tom Carter was woun­ded in the foot at Sharpsburg. In December he was promoted to major, a rank he held until he became a lieutenant colonel in April 1863. By the Gettysburg Campaign of 1863, Carter commanded a battalion of artillery in Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell's Second Corps. His guns unlimbered on Oak Hill northwest of Gettysburg and contributed to the eventual withdrawal of the Union First Corps of the Army of the Potomac. Carter's guns later supported Pickett's Charge on July 3. Promoted to colonel in March 1864, he remained with the Army of Northern Virginia during the Overland Campaign until September when he left to temporarily replace Brig. Gen. Armistead L. Long as chief of artillery for Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early during the second half of Early's Valley Campaigns of 1864. Carter fought in several important battles, including the Battle of Cedar Creek (vgl. https://en. wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Henry_ Carter).

 

Following the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court House, Carter returned to his ancestral family planta­tion, Pampatike, which was located near the Pamunkey River in eastern Virginia, where he lived with his wife Susan (Roy) Carter and their three small children. Carter continued to farm the property, and his wife operated a school at the house. In the late 1870s Carter was appointed the first railroad commissioner in the state of Virginia. He held the position for a handful of years. In the late 1880s, he served for several years as a member of the board of arbitration of the Southern Railway and Steamship Association. Carter spent his final years as proctor and superintendent of grounds and buildings for the University of Virginia (vgl. https://en. Wikipedia. org/wiki/Thomas_Henry_Carter).

 

13.3.1831 King William County, Virginia - † 2.2.1908; beerd. Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond / VA (vgl. www.findagrave.com); Sohn von Thomas Nelson Carter and Juliet Gaines Carter (vgl. https://en. wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Henry_Carter). °° mit Susan Elizabeth Roy Carter (1834-1902) (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

Col Thomas Henry Carter (vgl. www.findagrave.com)

 

 

Carter, William B.:

US-1st Corporal; Co. E, Bradford's Battalion, 13th Regiment Tennessee Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M392 Roll 3). Er kehrte zu­sammen mit Captain David *Fry von Kentucky nach Tennessee zurück und Mitglied in der Guerilla-Einheit, welche die Lick Creek Bridge zerstörte (Fisher: War at every Door, a.a.O., p. 66). Carter was a Reverend and cousin of BrigGen Samuel Carter (Fisher: War at every Door, a.a.O., p. 132).

 

 

Carter, William P.:

CS-Captain; zunächst Sergeant, dann Captain in W.P. Carter's Battery, Virginia Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10) [s. auch Col Thomas Henry Carter]. Er geriet in Kriegsgefangenschaft und war einer der „Immortal Six Hundred“ (vgl. www. fin­dagrave.com).

 

6.9.1836 Clarke County/VA - † 20.11.1913 Washington /DC; beerd. Old Chapel Cemetery, Millwood, Clarke County/VA; °° mit Lucy Randolph Page Carter (1842-1892) (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Carter, William R.:

US-Sgt, 1st Tennessee Cavalry (vgl. Evans: Sherman's Horsemen, a.a.O., S. 18)

 

Documents/Literature::

- Carter, William R. History of the First Regiment of Tennessee Volunteer Cavalry in the Great War of the Rebellion, with the Armies of the Ohio and Cumberland, under Generals Morgan, Rosecrans, Thomas, Stanley and Wilson. 1862-1865. Knoxville: Gaut-Ogden, 1902.

 

 

Carter, William R.:

CS-LtCol; 3rd Virginia Cavalry. Carter was killed at the Battle of Trevilian Station

 

Documents/Literature::

- Carter, William R. (3rd Virginia Cavalry): Sabres, Saddles and Spurs (White Mane); Edited by Walbrook Swank; 160 pp; Photos; Il­lustrations; Maps; Biblio; Index; Lt Colonel Carter's diary of service with the 3rd Virginia Cavalry. Carter was killed at the Battle of Trevilian Station

 

 

Cary, George:

CS-Major; ab 17.6.1863 Major 48th Alabama Infantry (vgl. Penny / Laine: Struggle for the Round Tops, a.a.O., S. 20).

 

 

Cary, R. Milton:

CS-Col; Co. F&S, 30th Regiment Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10), zunächst Captain Co. F, Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10).

 

Im Mai 1861 war Cary der Captain Co F aus Richmond (vgl. Worsham, John H.: "One of Jackson's Foot Cavalry; a.a.O., S. 7); ab Juni 1861 Captain im 21st Regiment Virginia Infantry; bald darauf verlies Cary die 21st und wurde zum Col eines anderen Re­giments befördert (vgl. Worsham, a.a.O., S. 13).

 

Cary stammte aus Richmond City (vgl. Beale: History of the 9th Virginia Cavalry, a.a.O., S. 10).

 

 

Casey, James:

aus St. Louis / Missouri; Schwager von U. S. Grant; Casey war entschlossener Sezessionist aus Missouri (vgl. Duke, Basil W.: Re­miniscenses, a.a.O., S. 45).

 

 

Casey, Silas:

US-MajGen; aus Rhode Island; 1860 war Casey als LtCol der 9th US-Infantry Kommandeur von Fort Steilacoom / Oregon (vgl. Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 16)

 

 

Casey, Peter:

 

Documents/Literature::

- Casey, Peter: Correspondence (Chicago Historical Society, Chicago / Illinois)

 

 

Casey, Thomas Lincoln:

US-Lt; aus New York; Sohn von Silas *Casey; Th. L. Casey war eng mit E.P. Alexander befreundet (vgl. Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 16); er wurde 1888 Chief Engineer der Army (vgl. Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 559 Anm. 42)

 

 

Cashier, Albert D. J.:

US-Private, 95th Illinois Infantry; Cashier war eine Frau, die als Mann verkleidet, unerkannt im Regiment diente. Erst auf dem Ster­bebett stellte sich diese Tatsache heraus. Tatsächlich handelte es sich Miss Jennie Hodgers, die vor dem Krieg aus Irland in die USA ausgewandert war (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 7).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Clausius, Gerhard: "The Little Soldier of the 95th: Albert D. J. Cashier;" Journal of Illinois State Historical Society, LI, No. 4 (Win­ter, 1958)

- Livermore, Mary: "My Story of the War: A Woman's Narrative of Four Years Personal Experience (Hartford / Connecticut, 1889), S. 114-115

 

 

Casler, John O.:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 33rd Regiment Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10; Krick, Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 19; Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 41).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Casler, John O.: Four Years in the Stonewall Brigade (Guthrie, Okla., 1893); 2. Auflage Kansas, 1906: "Revised, corrected and im­proved by Maj. Jed Hotchkiss, Topographical Engineer 2d Corps, Army of Northern Virginia." Nevins says "This embellished me­moir, as witty as it is informative, is in a class with volumes by Billings and McCarthy. The author occasionally stretches the truth for the sake of a good story." "This is a superb tale of a common Confederate soldier's wartime service."

 

 

Cass, Lewis:

aus Michigan (vgl. Baker: Buchanan, a.a.O., S. 79); US-Secretary of State (Außenminister) im Kabinett Buchanan

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, a.a.O., S. 50 (Präsident Buchanan und sein Kabinett, darunter Cass)

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, a.a.O., S. 52

 

 

Cassel, Jacob T.:

CS-Captain, Co. A 2nd Kentucky Cavalry (CS); Teilnahme an John Hunt Morgan's Raid nach Kentucky und Ohio im Juli 1863; im Skirmish von *Columbia / Kentucky am 3.7.1863 wurde Cassel durch einen Beinschuß verwundet und nahm im Ambulanzwagen am Raid weiter teil (vgl. Horwitz: Longest Raid, a.a.O., S. 21)

 

 

Castel, Albert:

1992 Lincoln Prize Winner

 

Documents/Literature::

- Castel, Albert: "Earl Van Dorn - A Personality Profile," Civil War Times Illustrated 6 (April 1967)

- Castel, Albert: Decision in the West. The Atlanta Campaign of 1864 (Lawrence / Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 1992); Biblio­thek Ref MilAmerik52/3

- Castel, Albert: William Clarke Quantrill - His Life and Times, New York 1962, Neuausgabe 1998, Bibliothek Ref

- Castel, Albert: „W. T. Sherman, Teil 1: The Failure.“ Civil War Times Illustrated, July 1979: 4-7, 42-46

- Castel, Albert: „W. T. Sherman, Teil 1: The Subordinate.“ Civil War Times Illustrated, July 1979, 13-22

- Castel, Albert: "Kansas Jayhawking Raids into Western Missouri in 1861;" Missouri Historical Review, VIV, S. 1-11

- Castel, Albert: A Frontier State at War: Kansas 1861-1865

- Castel, Albert: Civil War Kansas: Reaping the Wirlwind (Univ Kansas Press), 252 pp, Photographs

- Castel, Albert: Winning and Losing in the Civil War. Essays and Stories (Univ South Carolina)

- Castel, Albert and Thomas Goodrich: Bloody Bill Anderson the Short: Savage Life of a Civil War Guerilla (Stackpole 1998), 1st Edition, 170 pp, Notes, Index, Photos

- Castel, Albert: General Sterling Price and the Civil War in

the West. Baton Rouge 1968

- Castel, Albert: "Theophilus Holmes - Pallbearer of the Confederacy," Civil War Times Illustrated 16 (July 1977), S. 11-12

- Castel, Albert: "A New View of the Battle of Pea Ridge." Missouri Historical Review 62 (1968)

- Castel, Albert: Vorwort zu: Stanley F. Horn; The Army of Tennessee (Univ Oklahoma Press)

- Castel, Albert: Vorwort zu: Thomas Jordan and J. P. Pryor: Campaigns of General Nathan Bedforst Forrest

- Castel, Albert: Vorwort zu: Phillip Thomas Tucker: The South's Finest: The 1st Missouri Confederate Brigade from Pea Ridge to Vicksburg (White Mane, Shippensburg )

 

 

Castle, Henry A.:

US-Captain; Co. A, 137th Regiment Illinois Infantry (100 days, 1864) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 14).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Castle, Henry A.: Some Experiences of an Enlisted Man; in: Glimpses of the Nation's Struggle. A Series of Papers Minnesota Commandery of the Military Legion of the United States (St. Paul, Minnesota, 1887), pp. 107-134

 

 

Caswell, William Richard:

CS-BrigGen of Tennessee State Troops; 1809-1862; Tennessee; Studium an der University of Nashville, danach Farmer und Rechts­anwalt; in den 1830er und 1840er Jahren aktiv in der Tennessee Miliz; im Mexiko-Krieg für kurze Zeit aide de camps bei General Gideon Pillow; wohlhabend und einflußreicher Whig Unionist; ab 9.5.1861 trotz seiner politischen Auffassung durch Tennessee-Go­vernor Isham *Harris zum BrigGen der Tennessee State Troops ernannt; im Oktober 1861 zurückgetreten; am 6.8.1862 ermordet.

 

Documents/Literature::

- Allardice: More Generals in Blue, a.a.O., S. 53-54

- Caswell, William R. Papers; Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

- Fisher: War at every Door, a.a.O., S. 46.

 

 

Castleman, Alfred Lewis:

US-Surgeon; 5th Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 71).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Castleman, Alfred Lewis: The Army of the Potomac. Behind the Scenes. A Diary of Unwritten History, from the Organization of the Army by General George McClellan, to the Close of the Campaign in Virginia, during the First Day of January, 1863 (Milwaukee: Strickland, 1863)

 

 

Castleman, John Breckenridge:

CS-Major; Co. D, 2ne Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (Duke's); zuvor Captain (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 3).

 

30.6.1841 - ++++; aus wohlhabender Familie aus Castleton nahe Lexington / Kentucky. Castleman schloß sich 1862 John Hunt Morgan's Cavalry an. Captain Co. A 9th Kentucky Cavalry; John Hunt Morgan's Cavalry. Castleman war befreundet mit Thomas B. *Hines. Castleman verließ Morgan's Cavalry und folgte Hines, der inzwischen als Geheimagent in Canada für die CSA tätig war (vgl. Starr: Col Grenfell's Wars, a.a.O., S. 95; Horan: Confederate Agent, a.a.O., S. 8).

 

Castleman beurteilt Morgan kritisch: Morgan mangelte es entscheidend an Selbstdisziplin. Er war unfähig seine Soldaten zu diszipli­nieren. Morgan's Truppe war deshalb berüchtigt und sein Name wurde zum Synonym für Pferdediebstahl und offenem Banditentum (vgl. Starr: Col Grenfell's Wars, a.a.O., S. 46-47). Er war eher ein romantischer Held als Held der Fakten (vgl. Starr, a.a.O., S. 47 Anm. 24; Brief von John B. Castleman an Thomas Henry Hines vom 7.2.1867; in Thomas Hines Papers, University of Kentucky Li­brary, Lexington).

 

Photo:

- Horan: Confederate Agent, a.a.O., S. 5

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Castleman, John B. (Major, 2nd Kentucky Cavalry [Duke's], CSA): Active Service (Louisville: Courier-Journal Job Prinzing Co., 1917)

- Starr: Col Grenfell's Wars, a.a.O., S. 95, 156, 165, 166, 167, 171, 173, 177, 183, 229, 230, 236, 298-99

 

 

Cate, John March:

US-Quartermaster Sergeant; Co D, 33rd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 6).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Cate, John March: If Life to Come Home: The Civil War Letters of Sergeant John March Cate; Co D 33rd Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment (Dorrance Publishing); 288 pp; Maps; Photos; Appendices

 

 

Cater, John Douglas:

CS-+++; 3rd Texas Cavalry und 19th Louisiana Infantry

 

Cater spent four years as a Confederate soldier, fighting at Pea Ridge, Wilson's Creek, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Franklin, Nashville and other battles.

 

Documents/Literature::

- Cater, John D.: "As it was": Reminiscenses of a Soldier of the Third Texas Cavalry and the Nineteenth Louisiana (The Story of Douglas John Cater's Life), reprint State House Press, Austin, 266 pp; new Introduction by T. Michael Parrish

 

 

Catterson, Robert F.:

US-++General;

 

 

Cavada, Adolphus F.:

US-Captain; 1862 im Battle of Fredericksburg Lt im Stab von BrigGen Andrew A. *Humphreys 3rd Division V. Army Corps (vgl. Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 89). 1863 Stabsoffizier in Stab von BrigGen Andrew A. *Humphrey's 2nd Division III Army Corps Daniel E. *Sickles Army of the Potomac; Battle of Gettysburg (vgl. Pfanz: The Second Day, a.a.O., S. 55).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Cavada, Adolphus F.: Diary, The Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia

 

 

Cavada, Frederick F.:

US-LtCol; 1863 Regimentskommandeur 114th Pennsylvania Infantry. Während der Gettysburg Campaign 1863 gehörte die 114th Pennsylvania Infantry zum III Army Corps MajGen Daniel E. Sickles, 1st Division MajGen David B. Birney, 1st Brigade BrigGen Charles K. Graham (vgl. B & L, vol. III, a.a.O., S. 435).

 

 

Cavins, Aden G.:

US-Captain; Co. E, 59th Regiment Indiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 12).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Cavins, Aden G.: War Letters of Aden G. Cavins. Written to his Wife (Evansville, Ind.: N.p., n.d.)

 

 

Cesnola, Luigi Palma di:

US-BrigGen; Cesnola erhielt für sein Verhalten als Col. 4th New York Cavalry im Battle von Aldie am 17.6.1863 die Congressional Medal of Honor (vgl. Beyer / Keydel [eds.]: Deeds of Valor, a.a.O., S. 211/12).

 

Photo:

- Beyer / Keydel, a.a.O., S. 212

 

 

Clifford, James:

US-Pvt, Co. E, 9th Regiment New York Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 26).

 

Clifford war als Spion und Scout eingesetzt. Der 'Scout Clifford“ berichtet am 9.5.1863 aus Dumfries VA an MajGen Slocum: „Bet­ween Morrisonville and Rappahannock Station ran into small squad of rebels. Fell back towards Ashby. Cedar Run, met 3 Prince William Scout; got into conversation with them; told them I belonged to Major [E.V.] White's Cavalry. They informed me the whole rebel force lay near the heights of Fredericksburg. Stonewall Jackson lot his right arm Sunday night. Will come through soon as my horse gets rested. Rode 100 miles to-day. Clifford, Scout“ (vgl. OR 25:2:458).

 

Literatur/Urkunden:

- **Clifford, James (Pvt, Co. E, 9th Regiment New York Cavalry): Compiled Service Record of James Clifford; National Archive Washington/DC

 

 

Chalmers, James Ronald:

CS-BrigGen; 1831-1898; nach Besuch des South Carolina College wurde er Rechtsanwalt und Politiker; CS-Captain März 1861; Col 9th Mississippi Infantry im April 1861; 13.2.1861 BrigGen (Boatner, a.a.O., S. 135); die neu aufgestellte Brigade Chalmers' vertei­digte im Februar und März 1862 den Bereich um Eastport und Iuka / Alabama am Südufer des Tennessee River (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 135). Die Brigade bestand aus folgenden Regimentern bei einer Stärke von ca. 1500 Mann (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 335n39):

- 38th Tennessee Infantry Regiment

- 5th Alabama Battalion

- 9th Mississippi Infantry Regiment

- Section of Artillery

 

Anfang März 1862 wurde die Brigade durch folgende weitere Regimenter verstärkt und hatte nun eine Stärke von 2500 Mann (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 72):

- 5th Mississippi Infantry Regiment

- 7th Mississippi Infantry Regiment

- 10th Mississippi Infantry Regiment

- 9th Texas Infantry Regiment

 

Die Brigade gehörte während der Shiloh-Campaign als 2nd Brigade 2nd Division BrigGen Jones M. Withers zum II. Army Corps MajGen Braxton Bragg (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 321).

 

Am 31.3.1862 war Chalmers's Brigade zur Aufklärung nach Norden über Lick Creek in die rechte Flanke von Grant's Army of the Tennessee angesetzt (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 116).

 

Chalmers kämpfte bei Santa Rosa Island und führte die 2nd Brigade 3rd Division II. Corps in Shiloh. Anschließend führte er die 2nd Brigade 2nd division unter Polk bei Munfordsville und Stones River; bei Stones River verwundet. Im April 1863 übernahm er das Kommando des District of Mississippi und Eastern Louisiana; 1864 Kommandeur der 1st Cavalry Division. Er war unter Forrest ein­gesetzt bei Fort Pillow, kämpfte im nördlichen Mississippi, Tennessee und Kentucky sowie in der Franklin und Nashville Campaign. Am 18.2.1865 übernahm er den Befehl über die ganze Cavalry in Mississippi und West Tennessee. In der Nachkriegszeit war er Ab­geordneter der Democratic Party im US-Congress (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 135).

 

 

Chamberlain, Benjamin F.:

US-Major; 1st West Virginia Cavalry; Einsatz im Battle of Kernstown am 23.3.1862 (vgl. OR 12 [I]: 346, 355)

 

 

Chamberlain, George E.:

US-Pvt; Co. K, 6th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. NARA microfilm publication M559 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 5); Chamberlain stammte aus Mauston/Wis.; † Battle of South Mountain; (vgl. Herdeen/Beaudot: Bloody Railroad Cut, a.a.O., S. 30).

 

 

Chamberlain, George W.:

US-Pvt; Co. G&D, 6th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. NARA microfilm publication M559 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 5).

 

 

Chamberlain, George W.:

US-Pvt; Co. L, 1st Regiment Massachusetts Heavy Artillery (vgl. NARA microfilm publication M544 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 7).

 

1839-1900; beerd. Needham Cemetery, Needham, Norfolk County/MA (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf von 29.8.2016; Anm.: on the Inscription on his Gravestone there is no hint upon his military service, only an american flag shows, that he was in Civil War duty. There es no other person 'George W. Chamberlain' mentioned in the National Archive, who was in Service during the Civil War; therefore it seems shure, that both Persons are identical) .

 

 

Chamberlain, George W.:

US-Pvt; Co. K, 17th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. NARA microfilm publication M552 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 18).

 

17.8.1823 Perry County/Ohio - † 2.4.1898 Licking County/Ohio; beerd. Maple Grove Cemetery, Baltimore/Ohio; °° 23.12.1849 mit Elizabeth Anna Ashley 22.8.1830 Knox County - † 26.7.1908) (vgl. www. findagrave.com, Abruf vom 29.8.2016).

 

 

Chamberlain, Joshua L.:

US-MajGen; der berühmte Verteidiger des Little Round Top in Gettysburg (20th Maine Infantry); Chamberlain war Theologe (gra­duated Phi Beta Kappa from Bowdoin College und B. D. from Bangor Theological Seminary), wurde 1855 Professor für logische und natürliche Theologie am Bowdoin College, 1861 Professor für moderne Sprachen am Bowdoin College (er sprach 7 Fremd­sprachen: Griechisch, Latein, Hebräisch, Arabisch, Syrisch, Französisch, Deutsch). Nach dem Krieg wurde Chamberlain viermal zum Gouverneur von Maine gewählt, und war ein Dutzend Jahre Präsident des Bowdoin College.

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: Military Personal File, RG94, National Archives, Washington D.C.

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: Papers. Library of Congress, Washington, D. C.

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: Papers. Maine State Archives

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: Chamberlain Collection, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: „Do It! That's How,“ Bowdoin, 64 (Spring-Summer 1991), p. 12. The article is an excerpt from Chamberlain's unfinished and previously unpublished autobiography located in the Chamberlain Collection, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine (vgl. LaFantasie: Josua Chamberlain and the American Dream; in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 226n2)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: The Passing of the Armies: An Account of the Final Campaign of the Army of the Potomac, Based upon Personal Reminiscenses of the Fifth Army Corps (New York. G. P. Putnam's Sons edition, 1915)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence (ed. by Stan Clark): "Bayonet! Forward". My Civil War Reminiscenses. (Gettysburg: Stan Clark Military Books, 2nd Edition 1994); Anm.: der Editor Clark stellte diverse Artikel Chamberlain's zu­sammen, deren Erstveröffentli­chung auf S. 277 notiert ist

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "My Story of Fredericksburg." Cosmopolitan Magazine, New York, 54 (December 1912), p. 148-159 (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, a.a.O., S. 1-15)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "Through Blood and Fire at Gettysburg," Hearst's Magazine, New York, June 1913 (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, a.a.O., S. 16-37)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "Reminiscenses of Petersburg and Appomattox." Bangor Daily Commercial, Bangor March 3, 1904; auch: War Papers. Read before the Commandery of the State of Maine, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Portland 1903 (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, a.a.O., S. 38-57)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "Military Operations on the White Oak Road." War Papers. Read before the Commandery of the State of Maine, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Portland 1897 (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! For­ward, a.a.O., S. 58-99)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "Five Forks." War Papers. Read before the Commandery of the State of Maine, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Portland 1902 (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, a.a.O., S. 100-141)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "Appomattox." Personal Recollections of the War of the Rebellion. Adresses Delivered before the Commandery of the State of New York, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. New York 1907 (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, a.a.O., S. 142-159)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "The Grand Review of the Army of the Potomac." War Papers. Read before the Commandery of the State of Maine, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Portland 1908 (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, a.a.O., S. 160-183)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "Dedication of the Maine Monuments at Gettysburg, Evening of October 3, 1889." Waldoboro, 1891 (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, a.a.O., S. 190-202)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: „General Chamberlain's Adress“; in: Hamlin, Charles et al. (eds.): Maine at Gettysburg: Report of the Commissioners (Portland, Me.: Lakeside Pres, 1898), 546-59

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "Colonel Chamberlain's Report of the Battle of Gettysburg." War of the Rebellion: Official Records (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, a.a.O., S. 203-209)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: Colonel Chamberlain's letter to Maine Governor Coburn describing the Battle of Gettysburg (abge­druckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, a.a.O., S. 210-212)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "General Chamberlain's Report of the White Oak Road and Five Fork Campaign." War of the Re­bellion: Official Records (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, a.a.O., S. 213-221)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "The Third Brigade at Appomattox." The Attack and Defense of Little Round Top. New York 1913 (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, a.a.O., S. 223-229)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "The Last Salute of the Army of Northern Virginia." Southern Historical Society Papers. Rich­mond, 1876-1919. Also, Boston Journal. May 1901 (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, a.a.O., S. 230-238)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "Address to the Sixteenth Maine Volunteers." Maine at Gettysburg, Portland, 1898 (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, a.a.O., S. 239-243)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: "Oration of the Hundredth Anniversary of the Birth of Abraham Lincoln." War Papers. Read before the Commandery of the State of Maine, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Portland 1915. Also, Commandery of the State of Pennsylvania, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Philadelphia 1909 (abgedruckt in: Chamber­lain: Bayonet! Forward, a.a.O., S. 100-141) (abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, a.a.O., S. 244-261)

- **Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: Report of Colonel Josua L. Chamberlain, 6.7.1863; OR, ser. 1, vol. 27, pt. 1, 622-626. Anm.: Actually this report, although dated just after the battle, was written by Chamberlain in 1884, after the editors of the OR informed him that his original report was missing from the War Records files, and asked him to supply a replacement. Chamberlain did so by trying to reconstruct his original report from memory (vgl. LaFantasie: Josua Chamberlain and the American Dream; in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 227n12; vgl. Chamberlain to George B. Herenden, July 6, 1863 [ca. Mar. 15, 1884], Records of the War Records Office, Entry 729, „Union Battle Reports,“ RG 94, National Archives, Washington, DC). Another battle report by Chamberlain does exist, also dated July 6, 1863, and this one seems to be a copy of the original lost report (vgl. LaFantasie: Josua Chamberlain and the American Dream; in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 227n12; vgl. Chamberlain to George B. Herenden, July 6, 1863, Maine State Archives, Augusta, Maine).

- **Desjardin, Thomas: Stand firm ye Boys from Maine. The 20th Maine at Gettysburg (Thomas Publications)

- **Desjardin, Thomas A.: Joshua L. Chamberlaine (Greystone), 95 pp; Maps; Color and Black & White Photos and Illustrations

- Harris, Boyd M.: Field Manual 22-100: Military Leadership (October 1983) (Washington: U.S. Department of the Army, 1983); zu Chamberlain p. 4-17, 56-62, 71-72, 82, 90-91, 121-27, 138-39, 149-49, 168-70, 174-75, 190-91, 265-66 (vgl. (vgl. LaFantasie: Josua Chamberlain and the American Dream; in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 52 iVm. 231n41)

- **LaFantasie, Glenn: Josua Chamberlain and the American Dream; in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 31-55

- Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Maine: "In Memoriam Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain" (Portland, May 6, 1914); abgedruckt in: Chamberlain: Bayonet! Forward, a.a.O., S. 265 ff

- **Pullen. John J.: The Twentieth Maine (Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1957; reprint, Dayton, Ohio: Morningside, 1984); Nevins calls this "A model regimental history; the author drew largely from primary sources and presented his material in a style both dramatic and realistic".

- **Spear, Abbott and Ellis: The 20th Maine at Fredericksburg: The Conflicting Accounts of Gen. Josua L. Chamberlain and Gen. Ellis Spear (Union Publishing); Foreword by Tom Desjardin; 104 pp. Spear raised many of the units that came from Maine; he held a dif­ferent view of war and held with distain the glory told in the memoirs of most veterans. He took issue with Chamberlain's "My Story of Fredericksburg" and wrote his own "My Story of Fredericksburg and Comments Thereon...", later known as the "Comments". A Captain during the battle, he took issue with what he saw as Chamberlain and others "...boasting or misrepresentation of their own services." Both stories are reprinted with commentary and additional details on the 20th Maine at Fredericksburg; Photos; Maps

- **Trulock, Alice Rains: In the Hands of Providence: Josua L. Chamberlain and the American Civil War (Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 1992)

- **Wallace, William M.: Soul of the Lion: A Biography of Josua L. Chamberlain (New York: Nelson, 1960)

- Wittenberg, Eric J.: „The Fighting Professor: Josua Lawrence Chamberlain,“ Civil War, 10 (July-Aug. 1992): 8-14

 

 

Chamberlain, J. W.:

US-Major

 

Documents/Literature::

- Chamberlain, J. W.: Scenes in Libby Prison - Brevet Major J. W. Chamberlain

 

 

Chamberlain, Samuel Oscar:

US-First Sergeant; Co. E, 49th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 18).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Chamberlain, Dick and Judy: Civil War Letters of an Ohio Soldier: S. O. Chamberlain and the 49th Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Flour­noy, Calif., 1990)

 

 

Chamberlaine, William W.:

CS-Lt / Captain; Lt Adjutant von Col R. Lindsay *Walker, dem Artillerie-Chef des III AK, auch als Captain bezeichnet (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 353; vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 415)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Chamberlaine, William W.: Memoirs of the Civil War (Washington / DC: Press of Byron S. Adams, 1912)

 

 

 

Chamberlayne, Francis W.:

CS-Captain; Co. I, 4th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10).

 

Chamberlayne gehörte im Juli 1861 als 2ndLt zum Stab von BrigGen Ewell; am 17.7.1861 war die Brigade in Verteidigungslinie am Südufer des Bull Run bei Union Mills Ford eingesetzt. Auf Befehl von BrigGen Ewell machte Chamberlayne mit 20 Soldaten eine Aufklä­rung nach Norden um das Vorrücken und die Position der US-Truppen festzustellen (vgl. Davis: Battle of Bull Run, a.a.O., S. 110).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Chamberlayne, Francis W. ( Captain; Co. I, 4th Regiment Virginia Cavalry): Memoir von 1900; in: Chamberlayne Family Papers, Virginia Historical Society, Richmond / Virginia

 

 

Chamberlayne, John H.:

CS-Captain; Co. C, 13th Battalion Virginia Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Chamberlayne, C. G. (ed.): Ham Chamberlayne, Virginian: Letters and Papers of an Artillery Officer in the War for Southern Inde­pendence (Richmond: Dietz Printing Co, 1932). Nevins calls this "An exceptionally revealing collection of papers by a young Virgi­nia aristocrat who served long and faithfully in a Richmond artillery battery.

 

 

Chamberlayne, John Handen "Ham":

CS-Officer+++; aus Virginia; Sgt in Loring's Army of the Northwest; Teilnahme an Stonewall Jackson Expedition nach Bath and Romney im Januar 1862 (vgl. Tanner, Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 64)

 

Documents/Literature::

- Chamberlayne, John Hampden: Ham Chamberlayne, Virginian: Letters and Papers of an Artillery Officer in the War for Southern Independence, 1861-1865 (Richmond 1932). Nevins calls this "An exceptionally revealing collection of papers by a young Virginia aristocrat who served long and faithfully in a Richmond artillery battery

 

 

Chamberlin, George E.:

US-LtCol; 1862 zunächst Captain Co. C, 11th Vermont Infantry Regiment (=1st Regiment Vermont Heavy Artillery); promoted Ma­jor 28.8.1862 (vgl. Ledoux: „Quite ready to be sent somewhere“. The Civil War Letters of Aldace Freeman Walker, a.a.O., S. 19 Let­ter from 28.8.1862). 30.6.1838 Lyndon/Vermont, 21.8.1864 mortally wounded im Skirmish am Opequon Creek bei Charles Town /VA, † 22.8.1864 Hospital Sandy Hook /Md.

 

Born in Lyndon/Vermont. Son of Hon. Ephraim Chamberlin. His father, with his family, moved to St. Johnsbury eight or ten years before the war commenced. At the time of entering the service George E. was twenty-four years of age. Enlisted July 26, 1862. Mus­tered into United States service September 1, 1862. Commissioned Captain of Co. A, 11th Regiment, August 12, 1862, and Major August 26, 1862, and Lieutenant Colonel June 28, 1864. Died in Hospital at Sandy Hook, Va., August 22, 1864, from a wound recei­ved the day before while leading a heavy skirmish line near Charles Town, Virginia. At the time Colonel Chamberlin was wounded he was on horseback advancing toward the enemy. He was hit in the abdomen by a musket ball, and fell from his horse, expressing the conviction he felt that the wound was mortal. His body was brought home in the course of a few days, and funeral services took place on the Sabbath at the North Church. A sermon, in the absence of the pastor of the church, was preached by Rev. E. B. Webb of Boston. The attendance of sympathizing friends was large. His body, after service, was interred in the St. Johnsbury Cemetery, in lot No. 263. A year thereafter, a monument appropriately emblematizing the cause for which a precious life had been given, was erected upon the lot at the head of the grave. Colonel Chamberlin was present with his Regiment every day after it evacuated the defences of Washington, until his death, and actively participated in all its conflicts with the enemy. In action, he was cool, steadfast and brave. If, in discipline, he was apparently severe, it was because he was ambitious that his Regiment should excel, and render to the country the best possible service. It did so, while he was with it, and to the close of the war (vgl. http://vermontcivilwar.org/units/11/ obits.­php?input=1085).

 

Col. Chamberlin fitted for College at the St. Johnsbury Academy, and entering Dartmouth College, he graduated with distinction in 1860. Proposing to enter the profession of the law, he spent some time at the law school in Harvard University, leaving this school in the summer of 1862. In the early part of the war he was in St. Louis, Mo., and witnessed the efforts of the rebels there to capture the city, and turn over the State to the side of the rebellion. He there came to the conclusion that his service, and life, if it need by, belon­ged to his country. He returned to St. Johnsbury, and earnestly entered upon the work of recruiting a Company for service in the Army. The Company was filled in about ten days. Having received the election of Captain he proceeded with it to Brattleboro where it was mustered into the United States service as Company A, 11th Regiment. In September, 1862, the Regiment reached Washington, and was assigned to duty in the defences of the Capital, occupying, at first, Fort Lincoln, and subsequently, Fort Totten, where Major Chamberlin was in command (vgl. http://vermontcivilwar.org/units/11/ obits.php?input=1085).

 

On the 12th of May, 1864, the Regiment was ordered to join the army of the Potomac, which, with fearful losses, had just passed through the Wilderness. The 11th arrived the 15th, in season to share in the later obstinate conflicts which took place at Spotsylvania. On the 18th the 11th led a charge of the Vermont Brigade, and though it was the first action in which it engaged the enemy, it perfor­med the duty with the coolness and valor of Veterans. At this time the regiment was sixteen hundred strong -- with more men on duty than could be counted in the thinned ranks of the old Brigade. It was here attached to, and became part of the Vermont Brigade (vgl. http://vermontcivilwar.org/units/11/ obits.php?input=1085).

 

Photo:

Col. George E. Chamberlin (vgl.  Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C)

 

Documents/Literature::

- Albert G. Chadwick, compiler, Soldiers Record of the Town of St. Johnsbury, Vermont, in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-5,(C. M. Stone & Co., St. Johnsbury, VT., 1883), pp. 40-42

-  Letters of George E. Chamberlin, who Fell in the Service of His Country Near Charles Town, (W)Va., August 21st, 1864, By Geor­ge Ephraim Chamberlin, Mrs. Caroline (Chamberlin) Lutz, published by H. W. Rokker, 1883 (393 pages); held at Rauner Library, Dartmouth College, Call No. B C35555l.

 

 

Chamberlin, John Newton:

US-Captain,

 

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bisbee, John [ed.]: Captaining the Corps d'Afrique. The Civil War Letters of [Captain] John Newton Chamberlin (McFarland & Company: Jefferson / North Carolina, 2016)

 

 

Chamberlin, Thomas:

US-LtCol, 150th Pennsylvania Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Chamberlin, Thomas (LtCol 150th Pennsylvania Infantry, Bucktails Brigade): History of the 150th Regiment Pennsylvania Volun­teers, Bucktail Brigade (F. McManus, Jr. and Company: Philadelphia 1905); Revised and Enlarged edition with Complete Roster. Ne­vins says of this "A very readible narrative based on several diaries; the best section covers the 1864-1865 campaigns." (PDF-Datei Archiv Ref ameridownload Pennsylvania150thInfantry.pdf)

 

 

Chamberlin, William H.:

US-Captain; 81st Ohio Infantry. Teilnahme am Battle of Resaca am 14./15.5.1864. Chamberlin kommandierte die Truppen, die den US-Brückenkopf bei Lay's Ferry am Oostenaula südwestlich von Resaca bildeten (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 162).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Chamberlin, William H.: History of the Eighty-first Regiment Ohio Infantry Volunteers, During the War of the Rebellion (Cincinna­ti, 1865)

- **Chamberlin William H.: „The 81st Ohio at Shiloh“ (Shiloh National Military Park, Shiloh / Tennessee, 81st Ohio File)

- **Chamberlin, William H.: “Hood’s Second Sorte at Atlanta”; in: B & L, vol. IV, 326-31

- **Chamberlin, William H.: “Recollections of the Battle of Atlanta”; in: The Atlanta Papers, comp. Sidney C. Kerksis, S. 451-63 (Day­ton: Press of the Morningside Bookshop, 1980)

- **Chamberlin, William H.: “The Skirmish Line in the Atlanta Campaign”; in: The Atlanta Papers, comp. Sidney C. Kerksis, S. 311-326 (Dayton: Press of the Morningside Bookshop, 1980)

 

 

Chambers, Alexander:

US-++General; 1862 war Chambers Col 16th Iowa Infantry. Im Battle of Shiloh am 6.4.1862 gehörte das Regiment unter Col Alex­ander Chambers zur 6th Division BrigGen Benjamin M. *Prentiss und war not brigaded (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 320; nicht aufgeführt bei Grant: Opposing Forces a.a.O., S. 538). Das Regiment traf am Abend des 4.4.1862 in Pittsburg Landing ein (vgl. Da­niel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 106) und wartete seitdem in Pittsburg Landing auf seinen Einsatz gewartet. Grant setzte unmittelbar bei sei­nem Eintreffen in Pittsburg Landing am 6.4.1862 gegen 9:00 das Regiment auf den Höhen bei Pittsburg Landing neben der 15th Iowa Infantry ein, um das Durchbrechen von Stragglers nach der Landing zu unterbinden (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 175). Das neu auf­gestellte und völlig unerfahrene Regiment wurde gegen 11:00 neben der 15th Iowa Infantry bei Jones Field gegen den CS-Durch­bruch an rechten US-Flügel zur Unterstützung von McClernand’s Division eingesetzt (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 186 mit Karte S. 187). Zusammen mit der 15th Iowa Infantry übernahm das Regiment gegen die angreifende 1st Brigade Col Robert M. Russel I. 1st Division BrigGen Charles Clark Army Corps MajGen Leonidas Polk; beide Regimenter mußten sich schließlich unter schweren Ver­lusten auf die Nordseite von Jones Field zurückziehen (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 186). Chambers wurde im Battle of Shiloh ver­wundet (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 186).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Lloyd, Frederick: "General Alexander Chambers." Iowa Historical Record, vol. IX (1893)

 

 

Chambers, John G.:

US-1stLt/Adjutant; Co. F&S, zuvor Co.E, 5th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (3 months, 1861) (Militia) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M54 Roll 7). Im Battle of 1sr Bull Run war neben dem 5th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry das 11th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry eingesetzt. Bei Feuereröffnung hielt dieses Regiment keine Feuerdisziplin und schoß nicht kompanieweise im Wechsel (jeweils eine Kompanie in der Feuerlinie), sondern 'en masse', wodurch viele eigene Soldaten getroffen wurden. Um die Disziplin im 11th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry wieder herzustellen, schritt u.a. Lt Chambers vom 5th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry ein, wodurch es gelang die Disziplin wieder herzustellen (vgl. Bennett: Musket and Sword, a.a.O., S.17).

 

 

Chambers, Milton P.:

US-Pvt; Co I 29th Iowa Infantry. Chambers war eingesetzt in Helena (Phillips County), and Little Rock (Pulaski County). Chambers describes the routine of camp life at the two cities, the morale of the troops, and the activities of the enemy. One letter, dated May 7, 1864, vividly describes Milton's experiences during the Camden Expedition and includes mention of battles at Elkin's Ford (Nevada County), Prairie D'Ane (Nevada County), and Jenkins' Ferry (Grant County), and the participation of black Union troops

 

Documents/Literature::

- Chambers, Milton P.: Papers, 1863-1864; 15 items. Personal correspondence from Private Milton P. Chambers, Company I, Twenty-ninth Iowa Infantry, to his brother Armory K. Chambers in Glenwood, Iowa. The first three letters were written from Helena (Phillips County), and the balance from Little Rock (Pulaski County). Chambers describes the routine of camp life at the two cities, the morale of the troops, and the activities of the enemy. One letter, dated May 7, 1864, vividly describes Milton's experiences during the Cam­den Expedition and includes mention of battles at Elkin's Ford (Nevada County), Prairie D'Ane (Nevada County), and Jenkins' Ferry (Grant County), and the participation of black Union troops (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Chambers, William Pitt:

CS- First Sergeant, Co. B, 46th Regiment Mississippi Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M232 Roll 7).

 

CS-Captain; nach aus Enterprise / Mississippi; Schullehrer; 46th Mississippi Infantry; eingesetzt Anfang Februar 1864 im Rahmen von Sear's Brigade gegen Sherman's Meridian Campaign (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 48).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Chambers, William Pitt: "My Journal". Publications of the Mississippi Historical Society 5 (1925), S. 221-235

- **Chambers, William Pitt: Blood and Sacrifice: The Civil War Journal of a Confederate Soldier (Huntington, WV: Blue Acorn, 1997); ed. Richard A. Baumgartner

 

 

Chamblee, Lewis:

CS-Pvt; Co. C, 29th Regiment Alabama Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 8).

 

 

Chambliss, John R, Jr.:

CS-BrigGen; 1.7.1861 Col, Co. F&S, 41st Regiment Virginia Infantry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10; Henderson: 41st Virginia Infantry, p. 5); July 1862 Col Co. F&S, 13th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10).

 

1833 - † kia 1864; USMA 1853 (31/52); Artillery. Resigning the next year, he became a Virginia planter and served as a militia Ma­jor, and ADC to the Governor 1856-61. He was later Col and commissioned the same rank in the 13th VA Cavalry (remark: Boatner: Dictionary, p. 136 gives „July 1861, which is wrong, s. above). In July 1862 he was on duty in southeast Virginia, and the following Oct. served under G. W. Smith along the Rappahannock. In Nov. 1862 he was in W. H. F. Lee's cavalry brigade and commanded his regiment at Fredericksburg. He commanded the 13th VA Virginia Cavalry at Chancellorsville (remark: Boatner: Dictionary, p. 136 gives mistakenly the 5th VA Cavalry; correct ist the 13th Cavalry, s. B&L III, 152) and succeeded „Rooney“ Lee 9.6.1863 as brigade commander. He led gthese troops at Aldie, Middleburg, Gettysburg and Bristoe (Oct. 1863). Appointed BrigGen 19.12.1863, he commanded a brigade in the Wilderness Campaign and the battles around Petersburg. † kia 16.8.1864 at Deep Bottom (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 136).

 

Stubenkamerad Schofield's in Westpoint (vgl. Schofield, Forty-Six Years, a.a.O., S. 3)

 

 

Champion, +++

CS-+++; im Frühjahr 1861 Lieutenant in der Missouri Miliz (vgl. Duke: War Reminiscenses, a.a.O., S. 52).

 

 

Champion, Sidney:

CS-Captain; 28th Mississippi Cavalry (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 264)

 

Documents/Literature::

- Champion, Sidney: Letters (Robert W. Woodruff Library, Special Collections Department, Emory University, Decatur / Georgia)

 

 

Champion, Thomas Emmet:

US-BrigGen; † 1873; aus New York; Col 96th Illinois Infantry; ab 8.6.1863 Brigadekommandeur 1st Brigade Champion / 1st Divisi­on BrigGen Absalom *Baird / Reserve Corps BrigGen Gordon *Granger / Army of the Cumberland; die Brigade war im Rahmen der Chattanooga Campaign ab 3.9.1863 in Estill Springs / Tennessee bei Murfreesboro eingesetzt, marschierte von dort am 10.9.1863 nach Bridgeport und von dort nach Chattanooga. Teilnahme am Battle of Chickamauga am 20.9.1863 (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Co­burn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 133). BrigGen 20.2.1865 (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 136; Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 107).

 

Photo:

- Partridge, Charles A.: History of the Ninety-sixth Regiment Ill. Vol. Inf. (Chicago: Brown, Pettibone Co., 1887) (vgl. Archiv Ref amerikanischer Bürgerkrieg download Illiois96thInfantry), S. 15

 

 

Chandler, Henry L.:

CS-Pvt; Co G 3rd Arkansas Infantry; one letter from Private Henry L. Chandler, Company G, Third Arkansas Infantry, dated Februa­ry 9, 1862, Winchester, Virginia. Chandler's letter describes a fight near Bath (Anm. Gefecht von Bath 4.1.1862; vgl. Worsham, John H.: "One of Jackson's Foot Cavalry; a.a.O., S. 43/44), Virginia, and the burning of a bridge spanning the Potomac River.

 

Documents/Literature::

- Osborne, Molsie A. R.: Papers, 1855-1890s; enthält Briefe von Pvt Henry L. *Chandler; Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manus­cript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990

 

 

Chandler, Harrison T.:

US-Quartermaster Sergeant; Co. F&S, 114th Regiment Illinois Infantry; zunächst Pvt, Co. A, 114th Regiment Illinois Infantry; zunächst Pvt, Co. A (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 15; vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 406).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Chandler, Harrison T.: "Civil War Diary of Harrison Chandler, 22.6.1864-1.1.1865, Section V". Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield

 

 

Chandler, Joseph:

US-Captain, Co. B&H, 75th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 19).

 

Captain Joseph Chandler’s Company H, 75th Pennsylvania Infantry contained seventy officers and men, all but seven of whom were foreign born. One-third of Chandler’s company emigrated from the province of Wurtemburg, while another third came from Bavaria and Baden (vgl. Timothy J. Orr: “Calling Urban Men to Arms: Northern Cities Mobilize to Fight the Civil War”, Report to the Penn­sylvania Historical and Museum Commission Scholars-In-Residence Program June 19-July 1, 2006, n.p.; Archiv Ref Amerikanischer Bürgerkrieg Nr. 6).

 

 

Chandler, Thomas:

 

Documents/Literature::

- Chandler, Thomas: Civil War Diary (Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield / Illinois)

 

 

Chandler, William Lantham:

US-Captain; Co A 1st Massachusetts Infantry; später Aide-de-Camp in Hooker's Stab

 

Documents/Literature::

- Chandler, William Lantham: Letters, 1861-63. 14 items. Officer in Company A of the 1st Massachusetts Regiment, Army of the Po­tomac, from Brooklyn, Massachusetts. Enlisted on May 25, 1861, as a 1st Lieutenant and promoted to Captain and Aide-de-Camp, U.S. Volunteers, when he served on General Joseph Hooker's staff from November 1862 until his resignation from service in May 1863. Collection consists of fourteen letters written by Candler to his uncle Charles (last name unknown) or his brother John W. Candler of Boston, dated from between September 8, 1861, to February 15, 1863. The letters are articulate and descriptive, replete with Candler's strong opinions about the state of the Union, the abilities of the generals (Union and Confederate) who were running the war and the politicians were running the country, and his own ambitions for advancing in rank and status in the army. Writes des­criptively about the Army of the Potomac's participation in the Battle of Mechanicsville (June 1962) and the Battle of Fredericksburg (December 1862). Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide - Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 97-007).

 

 

Chandler, Zachariah:

US-Senator aus Michigan 1857-75, Leader der Radical Republicans und bitterer Feind von George McClellan. Mitglied des wichti­gen Senatsausschusses "Committee on the Conduct of the War".

 

Secretary of War (seit 1862) Stanton unterstützte den radikalen Flügel der Republikaner, deren Ziel es war (insb. die Senatoren *Chandler und Lyman *Trumbull), den Krieg erst zu beenden, wenn die Nation zur Abschaffung der Sklaverei bereit war, und solan­ge eine Politik der Kriegsverlängerung betrieben (vgl. Eisenschiml: The Celebrated Case of John-Fitz Porter, a.a.O., S. 30; dort abge­druckt die Erklärung von Chandler und Trumbull: "The great aim is to abolish slavery. To end the war before nation ready for that would be a failure. The war must be prolonged, and conducted so as to achieve that.")

 

Documents/Literature::

- Chandler, Zachariah: Life (The Detroit Post and Tribune, 1880)

 

 

Chapin, L. N.:

US-Lt; 34th New York Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Chapin, L. N. (Lt, 34th NYSV): A Brief History of the Thirty-Fourth Regiment N.Y.S.V (Galpin CWRT 1998); Reprint of Scarce 1902 Original with new information; Photos; Rosters

 

 

Chapman, Frank:

US-Journalist; New York Herald; Chapman verbreitete nach Grant's Sieg bei Fort Donelson das unzutreffende Gerücht, Grant sei so betrunken gewesen, daß man ihm vor der Schlacht habe aufs Pferd helfen müssen (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 51; vgl hierzu auch Andrews: The north Reports the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 168, 679n80).

 

 

Chapman, George D.:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 5th Regiment Connecticut Infantry Infantry; er trat als Major in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 3); im Battle of Cedar Mountain verwundet und gefangengenommen (vgl. Battles and Leaders, a.a.O., vol. II, S. 495)

 

 

Chapman, George H.:

US-MajGen; 1832-82; aus Massachusetts; Midshipman während des Mexikokrieges; er trat aus der US-Army 1851 aus; anschließend Rechtsanwalt und Republican Politiker; Major 3rd Indiana Cavalry 2.11.1861; Col Judson H. *Kilpatrick unternimmt mit Abteilun­gen seines 2nd New York Cavalry Regiments (Harris Light Cavalry), der 3rd Indiana Cavalry unter George H. Chapman und der 14th Brooklyn Cavalry (Division BrigGen Rufus King, McDowell's Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia) von Fredericksburg (vgl. Stackpole: From Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 28) aus einen Vorstoß gegen ein Camp der CS-Truppen, welches bei Carmel Church vermutet wur­de; dort legte er einen Hinterhalt, verfolgt angreifende Rebellen bis kurz vor Hanover Junction, wo er das CS-Camp zerstört und wird schließlich von überlegenen Kräften unter Jeb Stuart vertrieben (vgl. Kilpatrick's Report: OR 12 [2} S. 102-103; King's Report: OR 12 [2] S. 102; Mosocco: Chronological Tracking of the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 77). Im Sommer 1863 Regimentskommandeur 12th Illi­nois Cavalry 1st Cavalry Brigade Col William *Gamble 1st Cavalry Division BrigGen John Buford Army of the Potomac (vgl. Mar­tin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 39; Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 454).

 

Chapman befehligte am 1.7.1863 Teile der Verteidigungslinie der Cavalry Brigade Gamble bei McPherson's Ridge bestehend aus 12th Illinois Cavalry und 3rd Indiana Cavalry (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 74) bzw. Colonel George Chapman led the two of the 12th Illinois Cavalry and 3rd Indiana Cavalry, Gamble's Cavalry Brigade at the northern end of General Buford's picket line at Herr Ridge (westlich vor McPherson's Ridge (vgl. Newton: McPherson's Ridge, a.a.O., S. 19).

 

Chapman was promoted to lieutenant colonel on October 25, 1862. He fought at the Second Battle of Bull Run in August, the Battle of Antietam in September, and the Battle of Fredericksburg in December. On March 12, 1863, Chapman was promoted to colonel, and that May he participated in the Battle of Chancellorsville. Returning to the cavalry service, Chapman led his regiment during the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863. Here his command was part of Col. Thomas C. Devin's brigade, and was noted as the first Uni­on soldiers to engage Confederate forces approaching Gettysburg via the Cashtown road. Shortly after the battle, Chapman was given brigade command in the cavalry of the Army of the Potomac until March 1864. Chapman participated in the Valley Campaigns of 1864 against Confederate Lt. Gen. Jubal Early's forces, lasting from May to October. He was promoted to the rank of brigadier general on July 21. Chapman led a cavalry brigade in the Union Army of the Shenandoah from August 6 until September 19, when he was wounded during the Third Battle of Winchester. Recovered by the following month, Chapman resumed leading a cavalry bri­gade in the Shenandoah Valley. Beginning on January 5, 1865, Chapman led a cavalry division of the Army of the Shenandoah. After the Battle of Waynesboro, Virginia on March 2, he was ordered to remain in the Shenandoah Valley while the rest of the Union forces headed for Petersburg, Virginia. Chapman had with him now three small regiments and a few artillery pieces to hold the Valley. Near the end of the war he was brevetted to major general in the Union Army on March 13, in recognition of his performance at Winches­ter in September 1864. Beginning on April 19, 1865, he was given command of the cavalry division assigned to Washington, D.C. (aus https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Henry_Chapman).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Chapman, George H. (MajGen): Diaries, 1862-63. Indiana Historical Society. Indianapolis / Indiana

 

 

Chapman, Horatio Dana:

US-Corporal; Co. C, 20th Regiment Connecticut Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 3); aus Connecticut (vgl. Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 14 iVm. S. 225n28).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Chapman, Horatio Dana (Corporal; Co. C, 20th Regiment Connecticut Infantry): Diary; Copy in Brake Collection, USMHI

 

 

Chapman, John G. (auch C.):

US-Captain, Co. G, 7th Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry Regiment (later 36th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 19).

 

Wird als „John G. Chapman“ genannt (vgl. Timothy J. Orr: “Calling Urban Men to Arms: Northern Cities Mobilize to Fight the Civil War”, Report to the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission Scholars-In-Residence Program June 19-July 1, 2006), bzw. „John C. Chapman“ (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 19).

 

At muster-in, Captain John G. Chapman’s “2nd Company, Philadelphia Guards” (later re-designated Company G, 7th Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry) consisted of eightyone officers and enlisted men (vgl. Timothy J. Orr: “Calling Urban Men to Arms: Northern Ci­ties Mobilize to Fight the Civil War”, Report to the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission Scholars-In-Residence Pro­gram June 19-July 1, 2006, n.p.; Archiv Ref Amerikanischer Bürgerkrieg Nr. 6).

 

 

Chapman, O. B.:

US-2ndLt; 1863 war Chapman Kompaniechef Co E 6th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry; gefallen am 1.7.1863 in Gettysburg beim Bloody Rail­road Cut (vgl. Dawes: Full Blown Yankee, a.a.O., S. 168).

 

 

Chapman, William B.:

US-Lt; Batteriechef 2nd Independent Battery Ohio Light Artillery. Die Einheit gehörte während der Pea Ridge Campaign vom Früh­jahr 1862 zu BrigGen Alexander S. *Asboth's 2nd Division von BrigGen Samuel R. *Curtis Army of the Southwest (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 332).

 

 

Charlton, Brothers:

CS-Pvt's; aus Christiansburg, Virginia, family. Four members were in Company G, 4th Virginia Infantry ("Montgomery Fencibles," part of the "Stonewall Brigade").

 

Documents/Literature::

- Charlton Family: Papers, 1861-1902. Christiansburg, Virginia, family. Four members were in Company G, 4th Virginia Infantry ("Montgomery Fencibles," part of the "Stonewall Brigade"). Papers include thirty-five (1861-64) items of correspondence among the family members, company muster rolls, and genealogical information. Transcripts available. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 80-001).

 

 

Chase, Dudley H.:

US-Captain; Burbank's Brigade; Teilnahme am Battle of Gettysburg (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 297)

 

Documents/Literature::

- Chase, Dudley H.: "Gettysburg." Military of the Loyal Legion of the United States, Indiana Commandary, War Papers I (1989): 293-309

 

 

Chase, Kate:

Tochter von US-Finanzminister Chase; sie war eine außergewöhnliche Schönheit (vgl. Schurz, Reminiscenses, a.a.O., vol. 2, S. 169). Verheiratet seit 1863 mit William *Sprague (US-Industrieller und Politiker; Rhode Island Cotton Manufacturer; Governor von Rhode Island 1860-63; republikanischer US-Senator 1863-75).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Ross, Ishbel: "Proud Kate": Portrait of an Ambitious Woman (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1953)

 

 

Chase, Salmon Portland:

1808 Cornish / NH - 1873; Anwalt in Ohio, 1849 US-Senator; Free Soil Demokrat, entwickelte sich schnell zu einem der führenden Gegner der Sklaverei, Führer der Mehrheit auf dem Parteikongreß der Demokraten gegen die *Barnburners; Chase strebte bei den Präsidentschaftswahlen 1849 eine Koalition mit Sklavereigegnern über die Parteigrenzen hinweg an, um die Wahl von Zachary *Tay­lor zum Präsidenten zu verhindern. Als gewiefter Anwalt, der auch entlaufene Sklaven verteidigt hatte, verband Chase religiöse Über­zeugung und Humorlosigkeit mit unstillbarem Ehrgeiz und politischem Weitblick (vgl. McPherson: Für die Freiheit sterben, a.a.O., S. 54). Um 1860 war Chase Governor von Ohio (vgl. Schurz, Reminiscenses, a.a.O., vol. 2, S. 169). Carl *Schurz charakterisiert in seinem 'Reminiscenses Chase als einen der stattlichsten Personen im US-Senat, der sich durch eine klare, schnörkellose Rede- und Argumentationsweise auszeichnete (vgl. Schurz, Reminiscenses, a.a.O., vol. 2, S. 34). Gouverneur von Ohio (1856-60), erst Mitglied der Demokratischen, dann Mitglied der neugegründeten Republikanischen Partei, später wieder Demokrat; Chase bewarb sich als Präsidentschaftskandidat der Republikanischen Partei für die Wahlen von 1856, unterlag aber dem politisch weithin unbekannten John Charles Frémont; erneute Bewerbung für die Wahlen von 1860, Chase verzichtete dann aber zugunsten des moderateren Lin­coln; Wiederwahl in den US-Senat; ab März 1861 US-Finanzminister in Lincoln's Kabinett. Chase unterstützte Gen Pope gegen Mc­Clellan und trat zusammen mit Kriegsminister Stanton Ende August 1862 für die Ablösung McClellan's ein (vgl. Chase: Diary, Ein­trag vom 29.8.1862, a.a.O., S. 116; Sears: Landscape Turned Red, a.a.O., S. 8; Sears: Controversies & Commanders, a.a.O., S. 77ff., 83).

 

Chase, a former Free Soiler and radical antislavery man, was chosen to head the treasury, not because of his financial acumen but for his political influence. Emergencies brought out the best in Chase, and he became the right man to support such experiments in public funding as an income tax, „greenback“ currency, a national banking system, and wide use of loans and bonding. He shrewdly brought Jay Cooke's banking into the loanselling business, and the Union, which had nearly suffered monetary collapse, became soundly fun­ded as the economy shifted into high gear. The gross national product not only sustained the huge war effort, it also effected west­ward expansion (vgl. Vandiver: 1001 Things, a.a.O., S. 14-15).

 

Chase versuchte den Präsidenten bei der Wahl von 1864 von der Kandidatur abzubringen; Rücktritt als Finanzminister am 30.6.1864 (vgl. Welles, Diary II 62); Welles kritisierte die Finanzpolitik von Chase heftig (vgl. Welles Diary II 59, 61) und hielt Chase für über­mäßig ehrgeizig und selbstsüchtig (ebd. II 121); 1864 von Lincoln zum Präsidenten des Supreme Court ernannt (1864-1873).

 

Photo:

- Schurz, Reminiscenses, a.a.O., vol. 2, S. 170 (Senator Chase 1854)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Chase, Salmon Portland (Donald, David [ed.]): Inside Lincoln's Cabinet. The Civil War Diaries of Salmon P. Chase (Longmans, Green & Co.: New York, 1954, reprint 1970); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik70. Das Tagebuch deckt die Zeit ab 9.12.1861-++++ ab

- **Chase, Salmon P.: Papers. Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia / Pennsylvania

- **Chase, Salmon P.: „Diary and Correspondence of Salmon P. Chase,“ Annual Report of the American Historical Association, 1902. Washington Government Printing Office, 1903

- Hart, Albert Bushnell: Salmon Portland Chase (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1899)

- Luthin, Reinhard H.: "Salmon P. Chase's Political Career Before the Civil War," Mississippi Valley Historical Review, XXIX (1842-43), 526-7

- Nevin, John: Salmon P. Chase: A Biography (New York, 1995)

- Schuckers, Jakob W.: The Life and Public Services of Salmon Portland Chase (New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1874)

- Smith, Donnal Vore: Chase and Civil War Politics (Columbus, 1931)

- Warden, Robert Bruce: An Account of the Private Life and Public Services of Salmon Portland Chase (Cincinnati: Wilstach, Bald­win & Co., 1874)

- Wilgus, A. Curtis: "Some London Times' Comments on Secretary Chase' Financial Administration, 1861-1864," Mississippi Valley Historical Review, XXVI (1939-40), 158

 

 

Chatfield, Henry Whitney:

US-Lt und Adjutant, Co. F&S, 17th Regiment Connecticut Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 3); Chatfield was conspicuous at Chancellorsville, where he helped to rally the remnants of his regiment. Promoted to Adjutant, Chatfield was killed at Dunn's Lake, Florida on February 5, 1865 as he tried to fight his way out of a Confederate ambush. His grief stricken parents brought his body home for burial in Bridgeport (http://www.seventeenthcvi.org/images_fs.html).

 

Adjutant Henry Whitney Chatfield of Bridgeport, went out as a private in the Seventeenth at the age of eighteen. Being a young man of education, he was detached for service under Adjutant Wilcoxson, and afterwards at the headquarters of Adjutant-Gen. Meisen­burg. At Gettysburg, Lieut-Col. Fowler was shot dead by his side: Chatfield's horse was killed, his haversack torn in pieces, and a Re­volutionary sword at his side broken into fragments; yet he was unharmed. While on Morris Island, he volunteered with the other of­ficers of the brigade to storm Fort Sumter, when its defenders were bewildered under the first crash of Gilmore's batteries. In Florida, he was adjutant of the brigade. Gen. Noble writes of him, "The loss of young Chatfield was sadly felt by a large circle of friends in and out of the army. He was a true man and a brave soldier, who served from convictions of duty and patriotic devotion. With a heart true as steel, and brave as the bravest, there was a charm of genial gentleness which attracted all, and made him friends wherever he went." (aus: The Military and Civil History of Connecticut During the War of 1861-65, by William Augustus Croffut, John Moses Morris, published by Ledyard Bill, 1869; vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

2.8.1843 Bridgeport, Fairfield County/Connecticut - † 5.2.1865 gef. Volusia County / Florida; beerd. Mountain Grove Cemetery and Mausoleum, Bridgeport, Fairfield County / Connecticut; Sohn von Henry William Chatfield und Susan Meeker Kippen Chatfield (vgl. findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

Lieutenant Henry Whitney Chatfield (http://www.seventeenthcvi.org/images_fs.html).

 

 

Cheatham, Benjamin Franklin:

CS-MajGen; aus Tennessee; während der Shiloh Campaign vom Frühjahr 1862 war Cheatham Divisionskommandeur der 2nd Divisi­on I. Army Corps MajGen Leonidas Polk in A. S. Johnston's Army of the Mississippi. Cheatham's Division umfaßte folgende Einhei­ten:

- 1st Brigade BrigGen Bushrod R. Johnson

- Blythe's Mississippi Regiment

- 2nd Tennessee Infantry

- 15th Tennessee Infantry

- 154th Tennessee Infantry Col Marcus J. *Wright

- Polk's Tennessee Battery

- 2nd Brigade Col William H. Stephens

- 7th Kentucky Infantry

- 1st Tennessee Battalion

- 6th Tennessee Infantry

- 9th Tennessee Infantry

- Stanford's Mississippi Battery

- Cavalry

- 1st Mississippi Cavalry

- Brewer's Mississippi and Alabama Battalion Cavalry

- Unattached Troops

- 47th Tennessee Infantry

 

In Shiloh war Cheatham's Division zunächst detachiert bei *Bethel Station eingesetzt (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 117 mit Karte S. 25). Auf Befehl des AOK Johnston machte Sheatham am 1.4.1862 eine Aufklärung von Purdy zum Tennessee River, die auf die in Gefechtsbereitschaft aufmarschierte US-Division von Lew Wallace stieß. Cheatham's Meldung war Anlaß für das AOK Johnston, den Angriff Richtung Shiloh zu befehlen, um dem US-Angriff zuvor zu kommen (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 117). Infolge eines Füh­rungsfehlers des AOK blieb Cheatham's Division zunächst in Bethel Station und wurde erst am 5.4.1862 Richtung Shiloh in Marsch gesetzt, band jedoch hierdurch Lew Wallace 3rd US-Division bei Crumb's Landing (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 122).

 

Cheatham's Division wurde während Sherman’s *Meridian Campaign zur Unterstützung von Polk nach Meridian kommandiert (Cast­el, Decision in the West, S. 49 ff.).

 

Divisionskommandeur der Division Cheatham, Hardee's Corps in Joseph E. Johnston's Army of the Tennessee im Frühjahr 1864 (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 49). Cheatham war kein West Pointer; während des Mexican War war Cheatham Colonel ei­nes Regiments; er wurde von seinen Männern als „geborener Führer“ bezeichnet; Cheatham neigte dem Whisky zu, und führte im Gefecht persönlich seine Männer in den Kampf.

 

MajGen Bragg, der Kommandierende General der Army of Tennessee beurteilte Cheatham als unfit für eine Führungsaufgabe (vgl. Noe: Perryville, a.a.O., S. 24) bzw. als gefährlich, zum einen wegen dessen Trunksucht, zum anderen weil Cheatham mit anderen Di­visionskommandeuren die Absetzung Bragg's in Richmond versuchte. Bragg suchte deshalb Cheatham's Einfluß zu vermindern, in­dem er drei der Brigaden von Cheatham's Division zu anderen Divisionen ver­legte. Nach der Ablösung Bragg's durch LtGen John­ston stellte dieser die alte Gliederung der Division Cheatham wieder her (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 50). Hierdurch gewann Johnston die Dankbarkeit der Regimenter der Division (vgl. Castel: Decision, a.a.O., S. 50).

 

Er war 1864 Divisionskommandeur in Hardee's Corps (Hood's Army). Hood empfahl Cheatham zur Beförderung zum LtGen und als Nachfolger Hardee's, nachdem dieser auf eigenen Wunsch am 23.9.1864 von seinem Kommando als Korpskommandeur entbunden worden war. Hood zog später seine Empfehlung zugunsten Cheatham's zurück (vgl. Hay: "Pat Cleburne, Stonewall of the West," in: Buck: Cleburne and his Command, a.a.O., S. 52 m.w.N.). Der New York Herald (zitiert in Charleston Daily Courier v. 15.8.1864) kommentierte: "Cheatham is only a fighter, not a general, and a better horse jockey than either."

 

Photos:

- Buck, Irving A. (Captain C.S.A.): "Cleburne and his Command", a.a.O., S. 17

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History, Vol. 1: Fort Sumter to Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 302

- Castel, Decision in the West, S. 51

 

Documents/Literature::

- Cheatham, Benjamin Franklin: "The Lost Opportunity at Spring Hill," Southern Historical Society Papers 9 (1181), S. 538/39

- Cheatham, Benjamin Franklin: Papers (Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville / Tennessee)

- Cheatham, Benjamin Franklin: Papers; Chicago Historical Society

- Losson, Christopher: Tennessee’s Forgotton Warriors: Frank Cheatham and His Confederate Division (Knoxville: University of the Tennessee Press, 1990); eine ausgezeichnete Studie (Castel, a.a.O., S. 576 Anm. 16)

 

 

Cheek, Philip:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 6th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 5).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Cheek, Philipp and Pointon, Mair: History of the Sauk County Riflemen known as Company 'A', Sixth Wisconsin Veteran Volunteer Infantry 1861-1865 (Gaithersburg, Md.: Butternut Press, 1984. Reprint of 1900 edition by Philip Cheek)

 

 

Cheek, William H.:

CS-Col; 1st Regiment North Carolina Cavalry; zunächst Captain Co. E, 1st Regiment North Carolina Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 7).

 

 

Cheek, William M.:

CS-Pvt, Co. E, 26th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 7).

 

Cheek gehörte zu den Soldaten, die am 1.7.1863 im Battle of Gettysburg den tödlich verwundeten Regimentskommandeur der 26th North Carolina, Col. Henry K. Burgwyn hinter die Frontlinie transportierten. Burgwyn starb im Beisein von Pvt Cheek (vgl. Olds, Fred A.: „Brave Carolinian Who Fell at Gettysburg“; in Southern Historical Society Papers 36 [1908], S. 245-247 [Bericht von Pvt Cheek über den Tod von Col. Burgwyn]).

 

 

Chenault, David Walter:

CS-Col; † 4.7.1863; 11th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (Anm.: bei National Park Soldiers nicht genannt); Chenault ist gefallen bei Greene River Bridge bei Tebb's Bend / Greene River südlich Campbellsville / Kentucky (Tailor County) / Kentucky am 4.7.1863 (vgl. Karte bei Horwitz, a.a.O., S. 18; Davis, a.a.O., Nr. 150 C 9; vgl. Horwitz, a.a.O., S. 22-24), dann Joseph T. Tucker; das Regiment gehörte 1863 zu Morgan's Cavalry Division, Bragg's Army of Tennessee. Teilnahme am Morgan's Raid nach Ohio im Juli 1863 (vgl. Horwitz: Longest Raid, a.a.O., S. 8).

 

 

Chenault, Joseph:

CS-Captain; Co. B, 11th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 3).

 

 

Chenaults, Wesley:

CS-Pvt; Co. I, 8th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 3).

 

 

Chenoweth, Joseph H.:

CS-Major; Co. F&S, 31st Virginia Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10); 8.4.1837 - † 9.6.1862 gef. im Batt­le of Port Republic (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

CS-Major Joseph H. Chenoweth um 1861; Ölgemälde im Besitz des VMI, Lexington/VA

 

 

Cheney, Frank W.:

US-LtCol; Co. F&S, 16th Regiment Connecticut Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 3; vgl. Gordon: „All Who Went into That Battles Were Heroes“; in: Gallagher (ed.): Antietam Campaign, a.a.O., S. 169).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Cheney, Frank: Souvenir of Excursion to Antietam and Dedication of Monuments of the 8th, 11th, 14th, and 16th Regiments of Connecticut New London, Conn.: n.p., 1894)

 

 

Cheney, Newel:

US-Captain; Co. C&L, 9th Regiment New York Cavalry (vgl. National Park soldiers M551 Roll 24).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Cheney, Newel (Captain; 9th Regiment New York Cavalry): History of the Ninth Regiment New York Volunteer Cavalry, War of 1861 to 1865 (Berrybook Press); Reprint of the 1901 Original; 423 pp plus Supplement on Trevilian Station; Illustrations; Complete Rosters

 

 

Chester, Henry Whipple:

US-Captain; Co. HK, 2nd Regiment Ohio Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 18).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Chester, Henry Whipple (Captain, 2nd Ohio Volunteer Cavalry): Recollections of the War of the Rebellion: A Story of the 2nd Ohio Volunteer Cavalry, 1861-1865 (Wheaton History Center 1996)

 

 

Chester, Thomas Morris:

US-Journalist, auch als J. Morris Chester bezeichnet (vgl. Andrews, The North reports the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 635); farbiger Korre­spondent der Philadelphia Press (vgl. Andrews, a.a.O., S. 635).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Chester, Thomas Morris: Black Civil War Correspondent. His Dispatches from the Virginia Front; edited by R. J. M. Blackett (DaCapo Press)

 

 

Chestnut, James, Jr.:

CS-BrigGen; 1815-1.2.1885; graduated von Princeton University; verheiratet mit Mary Boykin *Chestnut; er diente 14 Jahre in der Legislature von South Carolina; 1859 wurde er gebeten, einen frei gewordenen Sitz im US-Senat zu besetzen; US-Senator bis 10.11.1860, als er bei Beginn der Sezession North Carolinas, aus dem Senat zurücktrat, um den Süden zu unterstützen (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 8); Delegierter von South Carolina auf der Secession Convention in Montgomery / Alabama im Februar 1861 (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 49 ff). Chestnut überbrachte in der Nacht des 12.4.1861 Fort Sumter die CS-Übergabeforderung (vgl. Chestnut: Diary from Dixie, a.a.O., S. 34); Chestnut war bei 1st Manassas CS-Colonel und "aide de camp" bei CS-General Beauregard (vgl. Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 38; vgl. Chestnut: Diary from Dixie, S. 34; vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., S. 69); anschließend war Chestnut Aide bei Präsident Jefferson Davis; im weiteren Verlauf des Krieges befehligte er als BrigGen die CS-Truppen an der Küste von South Carolina (vgl. Chestnut: Diary from Dixie, Introduction S. xviii); in der Nach­kriegszeit engagierte Chestnut sich im öffentlichen Leben von South Carolina, soweit es die US-Politik der Reconstruction zuließ.

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Chestnut, James: Letter Book, 1862, Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection. Library of Congress, Washington, DC

- **Chestnut, James Jr.: Papers. Duke University, Durham, North Carolina,

- **Chestnut – Miller – Manning Papers, South Carolina Historical Society, Charleston

 

 

Chestnut, Mary Boykin:

aus South Carolina; +++- † 22.11.1886; ihr Ehemann James *Chestnut jr., früherer US-Senator war bei Kriegsbeginn CS-Colonel und "aide de camp" bei CD-General Beauregard.

 

Mary Chestnut begleitete ihren Ehemann auf der Reise zur Secession Convention in Montgomery / Alabama, die das Ehepaar am 4.2.1861 antrat (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 49 ff).

 

Mary Chestnut hielt sich im Januar 1864 in Richmond auf (vgl. Tagebuch 1.1.1864; Castel, Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 21)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Chestnut, Mary: A Diary from Dixie; ed. Isabella D. Martin and Myrta Lockett Avary (New York: Gramercy Books, 1905; reprint New York: Ramdom House, 1997); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik49 Anm.: die 1905 veröffentlichte Tagebuch-Ausgabe ist unvollstän­dig; z.B. wird nicht berichtet von der Reise des Ehepaars Chestnut zur Secession Convention in Montgomery / Alabama ab 4.2.1861 und während der Zugfahrt stattgefundenen Diskussion über den geeigneten Kandidaten zur Präsidentschaft der künftigen CSA (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 49 ff)

- **Muhlenfeld, Elisabeth: Mary Boykin Chestnut: A Biography (LSU Press) 271 pp; illustrated with 44 halftones

- **Woodward, C. Vann und Elizabeth Muhlenfeld (eds.): The Private Mary Chestnut: The Unpublished Civil War Diaries (New York, 1984)

 

 

Chetham, L. M.:

CS-Pvt; Co. G, 1st Regiment Virginia Reserves (Fairnholt's) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 10)

 

 

Chetlain, Augustus L.:

US-LtCol; zunächst Co. F, 12th Illinois Infantry Regiment (3 months, 1861) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 15); dann Lt Col; Co. F&S, 12th Illinois Infantry Regiment (3 years) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 15).

 

aus Galena / Illinois; 1861 LtCol (vgl. Catton: Grant Moves South, a.a.O., S. 65). Als LtCol Regimentskommandeur 12th Illinois Infantry. Die 12th Illinois Infantry unter LtCol Augustus L. *Chetlain gehörte im Frühjahr 1862 zur 1st Brigade McArthur, 2nd Division BrigGen Charles F Smith, Grant’s Army of the Tennessee bei der Eroberung von *Fort Donelson im Februar 1862 (vgl. US Grant; in: Battles and Leaders Vol. I S. 429; Wallace, Lew: The Capture of Fort Donelson; in: B&L, vol. I, a.a.O., S. 417-419) und im Battle of Shiloh unter LtCol Chetlain zur 2nd Brigade Brig­Gen John *McArthur 2nd Division W.H.L. Wallace Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 319; Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh, B & L, a.a.O., I, S. 537 ff).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Chetlain, Augustus: Recollections of Seventy Years (Galena / Ill., 1899)

 

 

Chew, Roger Preston:

CS-LtCol; 9.4.1843 Charles Town WVa. – 16.3.1921 ; VMI, Schüler von Stonewall Jackson; Captain Chew's Battery in der Laurel Brigade seit 1861 (vgl. McDonald, a.a.O., S. 31; Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 50); Chew überzeugte Kavallerie­kommandeur *Ashby und Secretary of War Benjamin von den Vorteilen der berittenen Artillerie. Auf Anordnung von Benjamin schuf Chew sodann die erste berittene Artillerieeinheit in den USA seit Ende des Mexikokrieges (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 52; McDonald, a.a.O., S. 31). Teilnahme an Jackson's Vorstoß gegen Pope's Army of Virginia Anfang August 1862 und am Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862. In der Nacht vom 8. auf den 9.8.1862 kampierte Chew's Battery östlich von Orange Court House, Va. (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 39 mit Karte S. 18; Neese, George M.: Three Years in the Confederate Horse Ar­tillery [New York, 1911], S. 83-85).

 

1864 wurde Chew Kommandeur von Stuart's Horse Artillery (McDonald, a.a.O., S. 31); 1865 LtCol (McDonald, a.a.O., S. 32).

 

Photo:

- Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 236

 

Documents/Literature::

- Chew, Roger Preston: Papers. Scattered postwar correspondence to and from Chew (Jefferson County Museum, Charles Town, West Virginia)

- Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 39, 72, 364, 372

- McDonald, William: A History of the Laurel Brigade. Originally the Ashby Cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia and Chew's Battery (Maryland, 1907; Reprint John Hopkins University Press: Baltimore, Maryland, 2002)

- *Neese, George M.: Three Years in the Confederate Horse Artillery (New York, 1911)

 

 

Child, Willard A.:

US-Assistant Surgeon, später Surgeon, 1st, 4th and 10th Vermont Infantry Regiments (vgl. Ledoux: „Quite ready to be sent some­where“. The Civil War Letters of Aldace Free­man Walker, a.a.O., S. 21, 22 Anm. 26; vgl auch: Haynes, Edwin M. [Chaplain, 10th Vermont]: A History of the Tenth Vermont Volunteers with Biographical Sketches of the Officers who fell in Battle [1894, 1st Editi­on], S. 399-402).

 

Child ist wohl ein Cousin von Col. Aldace Freeman *Walker; dessen Großmutter väterlicherseits war Cloe Child (vgl. Ledoux: „Qui­te ready to be sent some­where“. The Civil War Letters of Aldace Free­man Walker, a.a.O., S. 22 Anm. 26).

 

 

Child, William Dr.:

US-Major/Surgeon; Co. F&S, 5th New Hampshire Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M549 Roll 2).

 

2.4.1834 Bath/New Hampshire - † 20.7.1918, North Haverhill/NH, beerd. Bath Village Cemetery, Bath/NH (vgl. findagrave.com). Child besuchte die Dartmouth Medical School und graduierte 1857. Child war in der Vorkriegszeit als Arzt in Bath/New Hampshire und war dort tätig; appointed 2nd Asst. Surgeon 8.13.1862, 10.28.1864 appointed Surgeon, Mustered out 6.28.1865 (vgl. findagrave. com).

 

°° mit Luvia Land (1837-1886) (Angabe auf dem Grabstein im Bath Village Cemetery, Photo bei www.findagrave.com); Vater von Clint und Kate Child (Brief Child's, wohl vom 18.9.1862, veröffentlicht bei Antietam National Battlefield Letters and Diaries of Sol­diers and Civilians, Letters).

 

Nach der Schlacht von Antietam schreibt Child an seine Frau: „My Dear Wife; Day before yesterday I dressed the wounds of 64 dif­ferent men - some having two or three each. Yesterday I was at work from daylight till dark - today I am completely exhausted - but stall soon be able to go at it again. The days after the battle are a thousand times worse than the day of the battle – and the physical pain is not the greatest pain suffered. How awful it is - you have not can have until you see it any idea of affairs after a battle. The dead appear sickening but they suffer no pain. But the poor wounded mutilated soldiers that yet have life and sensation make a most horrid picture. I pray God may stop such infernal work - through perhaps he has sent it upon us for our sins. Great indeed must have been our sins if such is our punishment. Our Reg. Started this morning for Harpers Ferry - 14 miles. I am detailed with others to re­main here until the wounded are removed - then join the Reg. With my nurses. I expect there will be another great fight at Harpers Ferry ...“ (Brief Childs, wohl vom 18.9.1862, veröffentlicht bei Antietam National Battlefield Letters and Diaries of Soldiers and Ci­vilians, http://www.nps.gov/anti/learn/education/upload/Letters).

 

Photo:

- Major und Surgeon Dr. William Child (vgl. findagrave.com)

 

Documents/Literature::

- Child, William: History of the Fifth New Hampshire Volunteers (Bristol 1893, First Edition; Reprint Old Books Publishing); 568 pp; Rosters; Biographical Sketches. Nevins says "One of the better regimental histories; composed for the most part of letters and diary excerpts by several members of the unit; covers fully the Eastern Campaigns beginning with McClellan's advance up to the Peninsula"

- Child, William: Letters from a civil war Surgeon. Dr. William Child of the Fifth New Hampshire Volunteers. Polar Bear & Compa­ny; Auflage: Ill (März 2002)

- Child, William: Letters to his wife 22.9.1862, 25.9.1862, 19.10.1862 und 20.10.1862; 5th New Hampshire file, Antietam National Battlefield Library

- McPherson: Crossroads of Freedom. Antietam, a.a.O., S. 5, 7

 

 

Childs, Henry T.:

CS-Pvt; Co. D, 1st Regiment Tennessee Infantry (Turney's), Archers *Brigade; Battle of Cedar Mountain (vgl. Krick, Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 65) und Battle of Chancellorsville; hierbei Teilnahme am Angriff auf Sickles Corps bei Hazel Grove und Chancellorsville am 3.5.1863 (vgl. Sears: Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 317).

 

Verwundet im Battle of 2nd Manassas (vgl. Childs, Henry T.: „Archer's Brigade at Chancellorsville“; Confederate Veteran 28 (1920), P. 220).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Childs, Henry T.: "Cedar Run Battle as I Saw It"; Confederate Veteran 28 (1920), S. 24)

- **Childs, Henry T.: „Archer's Brigade at Chancellorsville“; Confederate Veteran 28 (1920), P. 220-221

 

 

Childs, James H.:

US-Col 4th Pennsylvania Cavalry

 

 

Chilton, Robert H.:

CS-++General; Lee’s Adjutant General; LtCol Chilton gehörte ab Juni 1861 zum Stab Lee's (vgl. Freeman: Robert E. Lee, a.a.O., 1:530). Chilton unterzeichnete die Abschrift von Lee’s berühmten Befehl Nr. 191, der McClellan vor den Schlachten von South Mountain und Antietam in die Hände fiel (vgl. Cannan, Antietam, a.a.O., S. 96)

 

 

Chilton, William P.:

CS-Politiker; ehemaliger State Chief Justice des Staates Alabama; 1861 war Chilton Anwalt in Montgomery / Alabama; Delegierter auf dem CS-Gründungskongress vom Februar 1861 in Montgomery / Alabama (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 26).

 

 

Chisholm, Daniel:

US-+++; 116th Pennsylvania Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Chisholm, Daniel (116th Pennsylvania): The Civil War Notebook of Daniel Chisholm: A Chronicle of Daily Life in the Union Army, 1864-1865 (Orion Books, 1989)

 

 

Chisolm, Alexander Robert:

CS-Col; bei 1st Manassas als CS-Captain Stabsoffizier im Hauptquartier Beauregard's (vgl. Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 38; Davis: Battle of Bull Run, a.a.O., S. 111). Chisolm erschien gegen 10:00 Uhr im Hauptquartier der Brigade Ewell, und unterrichtete diesen vom, gegen die linke CS-Flanke bei Sudley erfolgten US-Angriff (vgl. Pfanz: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 137).

 

Im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh war Chisolm als Captain Mitglied im persönlichen Stab Beauregard's (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 118).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Chisolm, Alexander Robert: Papers, New-York Historical Society, New York / NY

- Chisolm, Alexander Robert: Compiled Service Record, National Archives Washington / DC, RG 109, M331, R54

 

 

Choate, J. W.:

CS-Pvt; aus Allegheny County, North Carolina; Bruder von William T.. *Choate und S. J. *Choate; Co. F. 22nd North Carolina In­fantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Choate Family: Correspondence, 1862-64. Allegheny County, North Carolina, brothers - William T., S. J., and J. W., who served for the Confederacy. William enlisted in Company I, 61st North Carolina Regiment, and S. J. and J. W. enlisted in Company F, 22nd North Carolina Regiment. All died in the war. Papers consist of photocopies of thirty-two letters written among the brothers to each other and to Martha Choate, wife of William. Includes a letter to Martha from James Radcliffe, informing her of her husband's death. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Col­lections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 85-016).

 

 

Choate, Rufus:

1.10.1799 in Essex oder Ipswich, Essex County, Massachusetts - † 13.7.1859 in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Kanada) war ein US-amerikanischer Jurist und Politiker der National Republican Party sowie der Whig Party, der unter anderem den Bundesstaat Massachusetts sowohl im Repräsentantenhaus als auch im Senat der Vereinigten Staaten vertrat (vgl. wikipedia, Stichwort, Choate, Abruf v. 20.2.2017).

 

Choate stammte aus einer Familie, die sich bereits 1667 in Massachusetts niederließ. Sein Großvater John Choate war zwischen 1741 und 1761 Mitglied im Repräsentantenhaus von Massachusetts. Er selbst galt früh als Wunderkind, das im Alter von sechs Jahren längere Texte der Bibel sowie der Pilgerreise zur seligen Ewigkeit auswendig aufsagen konnte. Nach dem Schulbesuch studierte er zunächst am Dartmouth College, das er 1819 als Jahrgangsbester abschloss, und war an diesem anschließend von 1819 bis 1820 als Tutor tätig. Im Anschluss studierte er Rechtswissenschaft zunächst an der Law School der Harvard University, ehe er zwischen 1821 und 1822 seine juristische Ausbildung im Büro des damaligen US Attorney General William Wirt in Washington, D.C. Fortsetzte. Nach seiner anwaltlichen Zulassung in Massachusetts wurde er 1823 Rechtsanwalt in Peabody und war dort bis 1828 tätig. Während dieser Zeit begann er zugleich seine politische Laufbahn und war zunächst von 1825 bis 1826 wie sein Großvater Mitglied im Repräsentantenhaus von Massachusetts, ehe er 1827 Mitglied im Senat von Massachusetts war. 1828 nahm er seine Tätigkeit als Rechtsanwalt in Salem auf und erreichte dabei bald öffentliche Aufmerksamkeit durch einige von ihm übernommene bedeutende Gerichtsverfahren (vgl. wikipedia, Stichwort, Choate, Abruf v. 20.2.2017).

 

1830 wurde er als Kandidat der National Republican Party zum Mitglied in das US-Repräsentantenhaus gewählt und vertrat in diesem nach seiner Wiederwahl 1832 vom 4. März 1831 bis zum 30. Juni 1834 den zweiten Kongresswahlbezirk von Massachusetts. Bei seiner ersten Wahlen konnte er sich gegen den langjährigen Wahlkreisinhaber der Föderalistischen Partei und ehemaligen Marineminister in den Kabinetten der US-Präsidenten James Madison und James Monroe, Benjamin Williams Crowninshield, durchsetzen. Während seiner Mitgliedschaft im Repräsentantenhaus hielt er insbesondere eine bemerkenswerte Rede zur Verteidigung eines Schutzzolls. Noch vor Beendigung seiner zweiten Legislaturperiode im 23. US-Kongress trat er am 30. Juni 1834 als Abgeordneter zurück und wurde Rechtsanwalt in Boston. Zu dieser Zeit galt er in den gesamten Staaten Neuenglands bereits als großer Redner und hielt Reden auf zahlreichen öffentlichen Veranstaltungen. Nachdem er sich mehrere Jahre seiner anwaltlichen Tätigkeit widmete, kehrte er 1841 ins politische Leben zurück und wurde für die Whig Party als Nachfolger von Daniel Webster, der zum Außenminister in das Kabinett von William Henry Harrison ernannt wurde, Mitglied in den US-Senat für Massachusetts als Senator Class 1. Dem Senat gehörte er vom 23. Februar 1841 bis zum Ende der regulären Amtszeit Websters am 3. März 1845. Bereits wenige Wochen nach seinem Einzug in den Senat hielt Choate eine seiner bemerkenswertesten Reden anlässlich der Trauerfeierlichkeiten in der Faneuil Hall in Boston für den am 4. April 1841 verstorbenen Präsidenten William H. Harrison. Als Senator widmete er sich Themen wie Schutzzölle, Oregon-Kompromiss, Fiscal Bank Act sowie der Annexion von Texas, gegen die er sich im März 1845 bei einer Debatte aussprach (vgl. wikipedia, Stichwort, Choate, Abruf v. 20.2.2017).

 

1845 verzichtete er auf eine erneute Kandidatur für den Senat, worauf Daniel Webster wieder Senator wurde und nahm anschließend wieder seine anwaltliche Tätigkeit auf. Mehrere Jahre zog er sich auch weitgehend vom politischen Leben zurück, war aber ein großer Befürworter von Daniel Websters Politik, die dieser in seiner berühmten Seventh of March Speech vom 7. März 1850 darstellte. Andererseits scheiterte Choate jedoch bei seinen Bemühungen zur Unterstützung der Kandidatur Websters für die Whig Party bei der Präsidentschaftswahl in den Vereinigten Staaten 1852. Danach war er 1853 für einige Zeit Mitglied der Verfassunggebenden Versammlung von Massachusetts war und darüber hinaus zwischen 1853 und 1854 auch Attorney General des Bundesstaates. 1854 wurde er in die American Academy of Arts and Sciences gewählt. Bei der US-Präsidentschaftswahl 1856 lehnte er anders als zahlreiche Whig Party-Mitglieder den Eintritt in die Republikanische Partei ab und gab dem Präsidentschaftskandidaten der Demokratischen Partei James Buchanan, in dem er anders als im republikanischen Kandidaten John C. Frémont den Repräsentanten einer nationalen Partei sah (vgl. wikipedia, Stichwort, Choate, Abruf v. 20.2.2017).

 

Im Juli 1859 verschlechterte sich sein Gesundheitszustand, so dass er eine Erholungsreise nach Europa beabsichtigte. Diese konnte er aber nicht mehr antraten, sondern verstarb kurz vor seiner Einschiffung am 13. Juli 1859 in Halifax. Rufus Choate wurde durch die Aufnahme in die Hall of Fame for Great Americans geehrt (vgl. wikipedia, Stichwort, Choate, Abruf v. 20.2.2017).

 

 

Choate, S. J.:

CS-Pvt; aus Allegheny County, North Carolina; Bruder von William T.. *Choate und J. W. *Choate; Co. F. 22nd North Carolina In­fantry

 

Documents/Literature::

Choate Family: Correspondence, 1862-64. Allegheny County, North Carolina, brothers - William T., S. J., and J. W. - who served for the Confederacy. William enlisted in Company I, 61st North Carolina Regiment, and S. J. and J.W. enlisted in Company F, 22nd North Carolina Regiment. All died in the war. Papers consist of photocopies of thirty-two letters written among the brothers to each other and to Martha Choate, wife of William. Includes a letter to Martha from James Radcliffe, informing her of her husband's death. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Col­lections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 85-016).

 

 

Choate, William T.:

CS-Pvt; aus Allegheny County, North Carolina; Bruder von J. W. *Choate und S. J. *Choate; Co. I. 61st North Carolina Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

Choate Family: Correspondence, 1862-64. Allegheny County, North Carolina, brothers - William T., S. J., and J.W. - who served for the Confederacy. William enlisted in Company I, 61st North Carolina Regiment, and S. J. and J.W. enlisted in Company F, 22nd North Carolina Regiment. All died in the war. Papers consist of photocopies of thirty-two letters written among the brothers to each other and to Martha Choate, wife of William. Includes a letter to Martha from James Radcliffe, informing her of her husband's death. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Col­lections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 85-016).

 

Christ, Benjamin C.:

US-Col; während Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 1863 war Christ Brigadekommandeur 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division Robert B. Potter, IX. Army Corps John G. Parke (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, vol. III, S. 1146).

 

 

Christian, W. S.:

CS-Col; 55th Virginia Infantry (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 25). 1863 während der Gettysburg Campaign gehörte die 55th Vir­ginia Infantry zu Pettigrew's Brigade Heth's Division III Army Corps Ambrose A. Hill. Das Regiment nahm an der Aufklärung durch Pettigrew's Brigade gegen Gettysburg am 30.6.1863 teil (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, July 1, a.a.O., S. 26). Als Buford's Cavalry am Morgen des 30.6.1863 aus Gettysburg nach Westen vorstieß zog sich das Regiment wie auch die anderen Teile von Pettigrew's Briga­de, aufgrund des Befehls, Kampfhandlungen zu vermeiden, Richtung Cashtown zurück (vgl. Martin, a.a.O., S. 27; W. S. Christian to John W. Daniel, Letter, 24. Oct. 1903, Daniel Papers, Alderman Library, University of Virginia).

 

 

Christy, George W.:

CS-Captain; aus Louisiana; im Frühjahr 1862 Chief of Ordnance in Ewell's Division (vgl. Pfanz: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 155).

 

 

Chrysler, Morgan H.:

US-++General

 

 

Church, Francis P.:

US-Journalist; zunächst Journalist der New York Times; Ab August 1863 gab er zusammen mit seinem Bruder William Conant *Church die Zeitung '*Army und Navy Journal heraus (vgl. Nosworthy, Bloody Crucible, a.a.O., S. 180; Andrews, The North Re­ports, a.a.O., S. 62).

 

 

Church, John Reuben (Jack):

CS-++++Officer; geb. 27.6.1832 Athens/Georgia - † 9.1.1863 Columbia / SC (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com); West Point 1855/ Rang 16 von 34 (vgl. Angabe USMA bei http://www.civilwarintheeast.com); anschließend Lieutenant in Fort Washita / Indian Terri­tory (vgl. Faherty, William Barnaby: The St. Louis Irish: An Unmatched Celtic Community, a.a.O., S. 95).

 

2nd Lieutenant of Cavalry 1.7.1855. Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1855-56, 1856,-and in (SECOND LIEUT., Co. C. 1st US Cavalry, AUG. 27, 18(5) quelling Kansas Disturbances, 185G; on Recruiting service, 1856- 57; and on frontier duty at Ft. Leavenworth, K,u1., 1857, - Escorting Commissioner for running Southern Boundary of Kansas 'l'erritory, 1857, and was engaged against Kiowa and Camanche Indians in a Skirmish 11eal' Grand Saline, Kn.n., Aug. 6, 1857,-Utah Expedition, 1S·58.--Ft. Leaven­worth, Kan., 1858,-Ft. Washita, I. T., 1859-GO,- and Kiowl\ and Camanche Expedition, 1860, being engaged in several Skirmishes, June -Sep., 1860. RESIGNED, OCT. 30, 1860 (vgl. Graduates of the U.S. Military Academiy 1855 Nr. 1692 S. 404; http://civilwarli­brary.org/files/USmilacad_1855_1857.pdf).

 

Church resigned from the US-Army 1860 und diente später in der Confederate Artillery (vgl. Gallagher: Anm. zu: Alexander: Figh­ting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 8 und Anm. 14 S. 557). Church war Col of Confederate Volunteers und ist in der Schlacht von +++klären++ gefallen (vgl. Faherty, William Barnaby: The St. Louis Irish: An Unmatched Celtic Community, a.a.O., S. 95).

 

Sohn von Dr. Alonzo Church (1793 – 1862; Prof. der Mathematik an der Universität of Georgia, Athens / GA [vgl. A. L. Hull: A His­torical Sketch of the University of Georgia. Athens/GA 1894, S. 47]) und Sarah Tripp Church (1801-1861); °° 1858 mit Mary Felicite Christy Church Scanlan (1836 St. Louis - 1904) (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com; vgl. Faherty, William Barnaby: The St. Louis Irish: An Unmatched Celtic Communi­ty, a.a.O., S. 95).

 

 

Church, William Conant:

US-Journalist; zunächst Journalist der New York Times; ab August 1863 gab er zusammen mit seinem Bruder Francis P. *Church die Zeitung '*Army und Navy Journal heraus (vgl. Nosworthy, Bloody Crucible, a.a.O., S. 180; Andrews, The North Reports, a.a.O., S. 62).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Church, William Conant: "The Life of John Ericson" (Scribner's 1891); 2 Volume Set

 

 

Churchill, Thomas James:

CS-Col; 1824-1915; stammte Kentucky; Studium der Jurisprudenz an der Transsylvania University; Teilnahme am Mexikokrieg, da­bei gefangengenommen; zog später nach Arkansas; in der Vorkriegszeit Farmer und Post Master in Little Rock, Ark. (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 119; Boatner, a.a.O., S. 155). Col 1st Arkansas Mounted Rifles (vgl. Brooksher, a.a.O., S. 118). Beteiligt unter dem Oberbefehl von Benjamin *McCulloch Ende Juni 1861 am Vorstoß aus Arkansas nach Norden, um Claiborne *Jackson vor dem Angriff Nathaniel *Lyon's zu retten. Hierbei wurde Churchill's Regiment zusammen mit den 2nd Arkansas Mounted Rifles gegen die US-Truppen bei Neosho südlich von Carthage (Karte bei Brooksher, a.a.O., S. 84) eingesetzt (vgl. Brooksher, a.a.O., S. 118-119). Dort befanden sich 137 Mann US-Truppen unter US-Capt Joseph *Conrad, die sich angesichts der Übermacht am 5.7.1861 gefangen gaben (vgl. Brooksher, a.a.O., S. 116, 119; OR 3, 38-40). Battle of Wilson's Creek. Im Februar 1862 während der Pea Ridge Cam­paign gehörte das Regiment zu 2nd Brigade Col Louis *Hébert in BrigGen Benjamin *McCulloch's Division. BrigGen (CSA) 4.3.1862; Verteidigung von Arkansas Post, dabei zur Übergabe gezwungen, nachdem einige seiner Soldaten, ohne Wissen Churchill's die weiße Flagge gehißt hatten; in der Red River Campaign 1864 führte Churchill ein Detachment von Sterling Price's Army gegen *Banks; Einsatz gegen *Steele bei Jenkin's Ferry; MajGen 18.3.1865; er folgte vor Kriegsende Kirby *Smith nach Texas und überg­ab seine Truppen 'unwillingly'. In der Nachkriegszeit Politiker der Demokratischen Partei; 1880 Arkansas Governor (vgl. Boat­ner, a.a.O., S. 155).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Dacus, Robert H. Reminiscences of Company "H," First Arkansas Mounted Rifles. [Dardanelle, Ark.: Post-Despatch Print, 1897]. Reprint ed., Dayton, Ohio: Morningside Bookshop, 1972

 

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