Version 11.7.2019


Litera B



Brackett, Albert G.:

US-Captain 2nd US Cavalry; BrigGen Joseph K. F. Mansfield ließ am 18.5.1861 als Commander des Department of Washington auf Befehl von Gen Scott (Longacre: Lincoln's Cavalrymen, p. 17) den Potomac überqueren um Alexandria / VA, die bedeu­tende Hafen­stadt ggü. Washington (Karte CXXXVI) zu besetzen. Damit sollte nach der Sezessionserklärung Virginias die südliche Flanke von Washington gesichert werden (Longacre, p. 17). Der Angriff erfolgte mit zwei Infantrievorstößen, die jeweils durch kleine Kavalle­rieeinheiten als Vorhut gesichert waren: Die eine Angriffssäule unter BrigGen Samuel P. *Heintzelmann wurde mit Dampfern über den Fluß gesetzt, an der Spitze eine Kompanie Cavalry unter Captain Owen von District of Columbia. Die Haupt­kräfte unter dem Be­fehlshaber der Aktion MajGen Charles W. Sandford von der New York State Militia gingen über die Long Bridge über den Fluß, an der Spitze eine Kompanie der 2nd US Cavalry unter Capt. Albert G. Brackett (Longacre, p. 17; OR I 2: 37-44).



- Brackett, Albert G.: History of the United States Cavalry, From the Formation of the Federal Government to the 1st of June, 1865 (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1865)



Bradbury, William H.:

US-Pvt; Co. B, 129th Regiment Illinois Infantry (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 9).



Bradbury, William H. (1829-1900) (129th Illinois Volunteers): Papers, 1862-1900. 102 items (Library of Congress, Washington/DC).. Chiefly letters from Bradbury to his wife, 1862-65, written from camps in Tennessee, Kentucky, and Georgia while serving as a clerk on the headquarters staffs of Gens. William Thomas Ward and Daniel Butterfield and in the office of the Judge Advocate General. Contains comments on Bradbury's unauthorized letters to the editors of the Chicago Tribune and the Manchester Guardian, camp life, entertainment, marches, depredations, morale, guerrilla warfare, peculation in the U.S. Army, the treatment of blacks, prisoners of war, and diet. Also contains some information on the Atlanta Campaign.



Bradfield, James O.:

CS-Pvt; Co. E, 1st Regiment Texas Infantry (National Park Soldiers M;227 Roll 4); s. a. Cobb's Legion



- Bradfield, James O.: „At Gettysburg, July 3,“ Confederate Veteran, vol. 30, no. 6 (June 1922), 235, 236



Bradford, Amanda:

Sister of CS-President Jefferson Davis (Davis: Jefferson Davis, p. 580).



Bradford, Joshua Thayer:

US-Major Surgeon; mentioned in a letter of Pres. Lincoln to Simon Cameron: „Please see Gov. Crittenden, & appoint Dr. Bradford, a surgeon for Gen. Nelson's Brigade, if it is legally possible“ (Basler: Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, p. 80).


9.12.1818 Augusta, Bracken County/KY – 31.10.1871 Augusta (Atkins Family Genealogy, History & Heritage, Homepage, accessed 3.4.2018).


Bradford enlisted 4.4.1862; mustered out 19.2.1863. Bradford served in the Federal army in the Civil War as surgeon of Nelson's bri­gade. At Pittsburg Landing he led back to the firing line a body of troops that had lost its officers and was retreating in disorder, and was then found treating a wounded and captive Confederate. While home on sick leave he commanded the Home Guards in the de­fense of Augusta against the superior force of Gen John H. Morgan, and after the surrender he was embraced by Gen Morgan who exclaimed, "I love a brave man wherever I find him." (Atkins Family Genealogy, History & Heritage, Homepage, accessed 3.4.2018).



- Bradford, Josua T.: Diary 1862 (Library of Congress, Washington, DC). Jan. 1-May 27, 1862, kept during the Shiloh Campaign and Gen. Henry Halleck's advance on Corinth, Miss.



Bradley, George S.:

US-Chaplain; Co. F&S, 22nd Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 3; Welcher / Ligget: Coburn’s Brigade, p. 41, 79).



- **Bradley, G. S.: The Star Corps; or, Notes of an Army Chaplain during Sherman's "Famous March to the Sea" (Milwaukee, Wis­consin: Jermain and Bright­man, Book and Job Printers, Sentinel Building, 1865)



Bradley, Herman J.:




- Bradley, Herman J.: Correspondence, 1861, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier, possibly in the Army of the Potomac. Correspondence consists of two letters to Bradley's family. One letter was written November 10, 1861, for Bradley to his brother by Darius Russell, about Bradley's ill condition. The second was written November 7, 1864(?), by Bradley to his parents, from Camp Cedar Creek, Vir­ginia. Writes about the guerilla action in the area and their capture of General Alfred N. Duffie. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Spe­cial Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms89-074).



Bradley, Phillip:

CS-Spion; er leitete nach seinen eigenen Angaben einen "Operative Military Secret Service", der von Little Washington Va. aus ope­rierte. Anfang August 1862 berichtete Bradley an Stonewall Jackson, bei dessen Vorstoß gegen Pope's neuaufgestellte Army of Virgi­nia, daß sich Pope's Truppen um Culpeper sammelten, und daß sich die US Vorposten, aus Buford's Cavalry, am Rapidan River von *Barnett's Ford bis zu den Blue Ridge Mountain erstreckten und daß sich George Bayard's Cavalry bei Rapidan Station befindet (Krick: Cedar Mountain, p. 16, 401 Anm. 39 mit Karte S. 18; Brief Bradley's an Jackson, undatiert, Photokopie bei Manassas Natio­nal Battlefield Park).



Bradley, Thomas H.:

CS-BrigGen (Arkansas State Forces); ++++ Allardice: More Generals in Gray (Louisiana State University Press, 1995), Biblio­thek Ref MilAmerik37, S. 41



Bradley, Thomas W.:



Brady, Allen G.:

US-LtCol, Co. F&S, 3rd Regiment Connecticut Infantry (3 months, 1861) (National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 2). Später US-Major; zu­nächst Captain, Co. B, 17th Regiment Connecticut Infantry; dann Major, Co. F&S, 17tr Regiment Connecticut Infantry (National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 2, filed under 'A. G. Brady').


A veteran of the 3 months service (where he was under arrest for insubordination for much of that time), Major Brady ended up in command of the regiment at both Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. He was wounded at the latter, and subsequently served as the Pro­vost Marshal at Point Lookout POW Camp ( images_fs.html); dagegen heißt es bei www.findagrave.­com: „At the July 1863 Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, he took over command of the regiment following the death of Lieutenant Colonel Douglas Fowler on July 1, 1863, during the fighting at Barlow's Knoll. He then remained regimental commander throughout the rest of the war“.


13.2.1822 Lowell, Middlesex County / Mass. - † 11.2.1905 Fayetteville, Cumberland County / North Carolina; beerd. Center Ceme­tery, Torrington, Litchfield County / Conn. (



Major Allen G. Brady ( images_fs.html)



Brady, Andrew:

CS-Major; 15th Louisiana Infantry; das Regiment gehörte im Sommer 1863 unter Regimentskommandeur Major Andrew Brady zu Nicholl’s Brigade / MajGen Edward Johnson’s Division im II Army Corps Ewell in Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia (Pfanz: Gettys­burg, p. 460).



Brady, James P.:

US-+++; Knap's Independent Battery E, Pennsylvania Light Artillery



- Brady, James P.: "Hurrah for the Artillery" (Knap's Independent Battery E, Pennsylvania Light Artillery) (Thomas Publications, Gettysburg). Compiled from letters, journals and diaries of key battery members; well illustrated narrative allows reader to experi­ence battles and marches; 464 pp; Detailed Maps; Photos; Rosters. This unit fought at Manassas, Cedar Mountain, Antietam, Gettys­burg, Chancellorsville, The Atlanta Campaigns and throughout the Carolinas.



Brady, Mathew B:

berühmter Photograph der Nordstaaten während des Bürgerkriegs



- **Cobb, Josephine: Mathew B. Brady's Photographic Gallery in Washington, reprinted from the Columbia Historical Society Re­cords (n.p., 1955)

- **Horan, James D.: Mathew Brady: Historian with a Camera (New York, 1955)

- **Panzer, Mary: Mathew Brady and the Image of History (Smithsonian, 2004)



Brady, Patrick H.:

US-Corporal; Co. H, 24th Regiment Connecticut Infantry (National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 2).



Bragg, Braxton:

CS-MajGen; Bragg diente zusammen mit Sherman 1840 und in den Folgejahren beim 3rd Artillery Regiment, dort Kompaniechef Company ‘E’ (Sherman, Memoirs Bd. 1, S. 18,21, 27); eingesetzt mit seiner Company im *Mexikanischen Krieg (Sherman, Bd. 1, S. 34)


Zum Zeitpunkt der Sezessionserklärung war Bragg Colonel. Wie Mrs. Bragg dem damaligen Superintendenten W. T. Sherman in Ba­ton Rouge / Louisiana anvertraute, war der neue CS-Präsident Davis kein Freund Bragg's. Sherman notiert: I Knew That Bragg hated Davis bitterly and he had reseigned from the army in 1855 oder 1856, because Davis, as Secretary of War, had ordered him .... to Fort Washia, in the Indian country ...." (Sherman, Memoirs I 190).


Anfang Januar 1861 wurde Bragg zum aide-de-camp von Louisiana-Governor T. O. *Moore ernannt (Evans: Confederate Milita­ry History, vol. X, S. 22)


übernimmt am 11.3.1861 den CS-Wehrbereich Florida ...... September 1862 Kämpfe in Kentucky gg. Buell und Grant (Längin S. 127)


Bragg war Westpointer und Mexiko-Veteran und hatte erhebliche Fähigkeiten bewiesen als Kommandeur in Alabama und Florida (Shea / Hess, p. 20).


Bragg war Ende 1861 / Anfang 1862 von CS-Präs. Davis als Oberbefehlshaber der Trans-Mississippi-Region vorgesehen, lehnte die Kommandoübernahme jedoch ab (Shea / Hess, Pea Ridge, p. 20). Am 15.2.1862 schlug Bragg ggü. Präsident Davis einen Wechsel der Strategie in der Region Kentucky vor. Nach der drohenden CS-Niederlage an der Kentucky-Front äußerte Bragg sich ge­gen die bisherige Strategie der zerstreuten Kräfte für eine Zentralisierung und Konzentration auf Kentucky (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 27).


1863 war Bragg Kommandeur der Tennessee Army vor Chattanooga und gewann die blutige Schlacht von Chickamauga (19./20.9. 1863). Da er sich zur Verfolgung des Feindes nicht in der Lage sah (wegen Erschöpfung der Truppen und fehlender Artille­rie), wurde der Erfolg nicht ausgenützt. Es kam deshalb zu Beschwerden seiner untergebenen Generale bei Präsident Davis, der sich aller­dings nicht in der Lage sah, den erfolgreichen und im ganzen Süden angesehenen Hardliner zu ersetzen (Chattanooga, MilAme­rik36, S. 11 ff.).



- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, p. 75



- **Bennison, R. T.: „General Braxton Bragg.“ The Field Artillery Journal, November – December, 1931, page 601. Field Artillery Assn., 1918 Harford Avenue, Baltimore

- **Bragg, Braxton: Papers (Perkins Library, Duke University, Durham / North Carolina)

- Martin Samuel J.: General Braxton Bragg, CSA (McFarland & Company, 2012)

- **McWhiney, Grady: Braxton Bragg and Confederate Defeat, 2 vols. (New York, 1969)

- **Seitz, Don C.: Braxton Bragg, General of the Confederacy Columbia / SC: The State Company, 1924)



Bragg, Edward S.:

US-BrigGen; 1861; im Sommer 1861 Captain Co. E, 6th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry, Iron Brigade (Dawes, Rufus R.: Service with the Sixth Wisconsin, p. 12).


1862 LtCol 6th Wisconsin Infantry / *Iron Brigade (Gaff/Gaff: The dread reality of war - Gibbon’s Brigade, August 28 - Septem­ber 17, 1862; in Nolan/Vipond: Giants in their tall Black Hats, p. 69; Gramm: „They must be made on Iron“. The Ascent of South Moun­tain; in: Nolan/Vipond: Giants in their Black Hats. Essays on the Iron Brigade, a.a.O, p. 23).


Vom 5.-8.8.1862 führte die Division Rufus *King mehrere Expeditions von Fredericksburg aus nach Frederick's Hall Station, Va. und Spotsylvania Court House, Va, durch die Brigade Gibbon durch mit dem Ziel, die für den Süden lebenswichtige Central Virginia RR zu zerstören (King's Report, OR 12 [2] S. 121-22). Die Expedition nach *Frederick's Hall Station wurde von BrigGen Gibbon geführt (King's Report, OR 12 [2] S. 122; Gibbon's Report OR 12 [2] S. 122-23), diejenige nach *Spotsylvania Court House stand unter der Führung von Col Lysander *Cutler; die Unterstützung erfolgte durch Truppen unter Gen. John P. *Hatch (King's Report, OR 12 [2] S. 122). Ziel von Gibbon's Expedition war die Zerstörung der Virginia Central RR. Bei diesem mit zwei Zangen durchgeführten Vor­stoß eingesetzt wurden: an der Spotsylvania Court House Road: die 6th Wisconsin Infantry (Col. Lysander *Cut­ler), Harris Cavalry (2nd New York Cavalry), und eine Abteilung von Gerrish's New Hampshire Battery. Die Abteilung unter der per­sönlichen Führung Gibbon's, die auf der Telegraph Road vorstieß umfaßte 2nd Wisconsin, 7th Wisconsin, 19th Indiana, 3rd Indiana Cavalry und Monro­e's Rhode Island Battery (Gibbons's Report OR 12 [2] S. 122). Da Cutler die Gesamtführung innehatte, über­nahm Bragg die Führung des 6th Wisconsin (Cutler's Report OR 12 [2] S. 123).


Bragg wurde bei Antietam / Miller’s Farm (Karte bei Hartwig; in Nolan / Vipond, p. 33) verwundet; später BrigGen und Komman­deur der *Iron Brigade.


Bragg stammte aus Oswego County, New York und war Nachkomme von 'pre-Revolutionary' Vermont Settlers. Sein Vater war Be­treiber einer Mühle, die in Bragg's Jugend abbrannte. Der 3jährige Bragg entkam knapp den Flammen. At 20, young Bragg was rea­ding law, and in 1850, he rode the wave of migration west. Settling in Fond du Lac. Als Anwalt in Fond du Lac versuchte Bragg 1861 eine Company of Volunteers aufzustellen, was an fehlenden Freiwilligen zu scheitern drohte. Im nahegelegenen Appleton scheiterte ebenfalls die Aufstellung einer anderen Einheit, worauf beide Reste unter Bragg's Kommando zusammengefaßt wurden als „Bragg's Rifles, die anschließend die 10. Company 'I' der 6th Wisconsin Infantry bildete (Herdegen/Beaudot: Bloody Railroad Cut, p. 47).



- BrigGen Edward E. Bragg (Civil War glass negative collection Library of Congress, Catego­ry:Edward_S._Bragg



- **Bragg, Edward S.: Papers, State Historical Society of Wisconsin



Bragg, Thomas:

9.11.1810 Warrenton, Warren CountyNorth Carolina - † 21. Januar 1872 in Raleigh/NC; amerikanischer Politiker, zeitweili­ger Justizminister der CSA und der ältere Bruder des General der Konföderierten ArmeeBraxton *Bragg.


Politician and lawyer who served as the 34th Governor of the U.S. state of North Carolinafrom 1855 through 1859. During the Civil War, he served in the Confederate States Cabinet. He was the older brother of General Braxton Bragg. They were direct descendants of Thomas Bragg (1579–1665) who was born in England and settled in the Virginia Colony.


Born in Warrenton, North Carolina, Bragg attended Warrenton Academy and later graduated from Captain Partridge’s American Li­terary, Scientific & Military Academy now known as Norwich University - The Military College of Vermont. He was admitted to the bar in 1833 and commenced practice in Jackson, North Carolina. He was a member of the North Carolina General Assembly from 1842 to 1843 and became the prosecuting attorney for Northampton County. He successfully ran for Governor of North Carolina and served from 1855 to 1859. He then took a seat in the United States Senate, serving from 1859 until the start of the Civil War in 1861. He served as chairman of the Committee on Claims in the thirty-sixth congress. He resigned and was expelled for siding with the ConfederacyConfederate President Jefferson Davis appointed Bragg Attorney General of the Confederate States; he served from 1861 until his resignation in 1862. He continued to practice law until his death in 1872, and was also chairman of the central executi­ve committee of the North Carolina Democratic Party (then called the Democratic-Conservative Party) as of 1870. He was interred in Oakwood Cemetery in Raleigh, North Carolina (aus



Attorney General of the Confederate States Thomas Bragg



- **Bragg, Thomas: Diary (Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Southern Historical Collecti­on)



Brainard, Aldis:

US-Pvt; 5th Vermont Infantry



- **Brainard, Aldis: Letter , 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier of the 5th Vermont Infantry. Letter written June 8, 1862, from camp outsi­de Richmond, Virginia, to his wife. Describes the Battle of Fair Oaks and the resulting stench from the dead soldiers on the field. (Virgi­nia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Col­lections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms89-044).



Brainerd, Wesley:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 15th Regiment New York Engineers (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 14); zuvor Major (Captain), Co. C, 50th Regiment New York Engineer (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 14).



- **Brainerd, Wesley: Bridge Building in Wartime (Knoxville/TN: University of Tennessee Press, 1997); 440 pp; Illustrated; Edited by Ed Malles. Colonel Wesley Brainerd's memoir of the 50th New York Volunteer Engineers



Braly, William C:

CS-Pvt (?); Co B, 34th Arkansas Infantry; Frank Braly served as minister for the Salem congregation of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church until his death in 1856. When the war broke out, his son William enlisted in Company B, Thirty-fourth Arkansas Infantry, and saw action at Prairie Grove (Washington County), Helena (Phillips County), and Jenkins' Ferry (Grant County), while the rest of his fami­ly remained at Cane Hill.



- **Braly, Amanda Malvina Fitzallen McClellan: Family papers, 1841-1920; 120 items. Correspondence, diary, notebook, photo­graphs, and other records pertaining to the Braly family of Cane Hill (Washington County). Amanda Braly moved to the Cane Hill area in 1853 with her husband, Frank, and children, William, Mary Francis, Frank, Jr., and Samuel. Much of the correspondence from the war years is between Amanda and William. Although his letters fail to mention the fight at Prairie Grove, two of William's later mis­sives describe his combat experiences at Helena and Jenkins' Ferry (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).



Branch, Lawrence O'Bryan:

CS-BrigGen; 1820 - † kia 17.9.1862 Battle of Antietam; aus North Carolina; Branch stammte aus prominenter und wohlhabender Familie; er wuchs bei seinem Onkel, Governor von North Carolina auf; Princeton Graduate; Vorkriegszeit Rechtsanwalt in Florida; Demokratische Partei; Abgeordneter im US-Congress; Branch war politisch in der Sezessionsfrage zunächst gemäßigt, änderte je­doch schließlich seine Ansicht, trat als Abgeordneter zurück und unterstützte die Sezession (Boatner, p. 80); Congressman Lawrence O'Bryan Branch was a strong state rights Democrat, but he was not convinced (Anm.: Ende Dezember 1860) that secession was ne­cessary (Yearns/Harrett: North Carolina Civil War Documentary, p. 11).


Col 33rd North Carolina Infantry; 16.11.1861 Brig­Gen., er kämpfte mit seiner Brigade bei New Bern. Ab Juni 1862 gehörte Branch's Brigade zu Stonewall Jackson's Army Corps und war eingesetzt bei Hanover Court House und im Seven Days Battle (vgl Boatner, p. 80). Beim Angriff Jackson's gegen Pope Anfang August 1862 und dem Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 war Branch Brigade­kommandeur von Branch's Brigade. Robert E. Lee beurteilte Branch's Eignung zum Divisionskommandeur negativ: "Branch is the Senior Brigadier & I cannot trust the division to him" (Freeman: Lee's Dispatches, p. 39: Brief Lee's an Präsident Davis vom 26.7.1862). Die Beurteilung fußt auf Branch's vergleichsweiser Unerfahrenheit, nicht auf Zweifeln an dessen persönli­chem Mut oder mangelnden Fähigkeiten, denn Branch hatte "most creditably" während der Peninsula Campaign gekämpft und führte sein Komman­do mit herausragender Tapfer­keit (Freeman, Lee's Dispatches, p. 39 Anm. 2). Nach Branch's Tod bei Antie­tam erklär­te Maj­Gen A. P. Hill, Branch's Di­visionskommandeur: "he was my senior brigadier and the one to whom I could have trus­ted the command of the di­vision with confi­dence" (Confederate Military History, 4, S. 299-300).


Branch's Brigade im Battle of New Bern / North Carolina (13.3.1862) umfaßte 4500 Mann und bestand aus:

7th North Carolina Infantry Regiment

26th North Carolina Infantry Regiment

27th North Carolina Infantry Regiment

35th North Carolina Infantry Regiment

37th North Carolina Infantry Regiment

2nd North Carolina Cavalry

Lantham's Battery

Brem's Battery


The Battle of New Bern (also known as the Battle of New Berne) was fought on 14 March 1862, near the city of New BernNorth Carolina, as part of the Burnside Expedition of the American Civil War. The US Army's Coast Division, led by Brigadier Gene­ral Ambrose E. Burnside and accompanied by armed vessels from the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, were opposed by an un­dermanned and badly trained Confederate force of North Carolina soldiers and militia led by Brigadier General Lawrence O'B. Branch. Although the defenders fought behind breastworks that had been set up before the battle, their line had a weak spot in its cen­ter that was exploited by the attacking Federal soldiers. When the center of the line was penetrated, many of the militia broke, forcing a general retreat of the entire Confederate force. General Branch was unable to regain control of his troops until they had retreated to Kinston, more than 30 miles (about 50 km) away. New Bern came under Federal control, and remained so for the rest of the war (


Branch’s Brigade gehörte im Spätsommer 1862 zu Ambrose Powell *Hill’s Light Division; Teilnahme am Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862; die Brigade umfaßte folgende Regimenter (Battles and Leaders, Vol. II, p. 496; Hassler: A. P. Hill, p. 79; Krick: Cedar Mountain, p. 362):

- 7th North Carolina Infantry († Col *Haywood, Edward G.)

- 18th North Carolina Infantry (LtCol *Purdie, T. J.)

- 28th North Carolina Infantry (Col *Lane, James Henry)

- 33rd North Carolina Infantry (Col *Hoke, Robert F.)

- 37th North Carolina Infantry ++++


Beim Vormarsch auf Culpeper berichtet Branch, daß Jackson beim Vormarsch entgegen allgemeiner Annahme nicht mit "leichtem Gepäck" marschieren ließ, sondern die Truppen von einem enormen Train begleitet war, den Vormarsch erheblich verzögerte (Branch Journal, OR 12 [3] 223). Branch's Brigade lag in der Nacht vom 8./9. August 1862 auf dem Nordufer des Rapidan River. Branch be­richtet in seinem Report, daß in dieser Nacht gegen 1.00 Uhr die Brigade vom Lärm eines nördlich erfolgten Angriffs der US-Cavalry geweckt wurde, der von Westen aus Richtung Madison Court House (Karte bei Krick: Cedar Mountain, p. 18) ge­gen die Stonewall Brigade und Thomas S. *Garnett's Brigade erfolgte (Krick, p. 40-42; OR 12 [3] 222: Branch's Report). Der junge BrigGen mußte im Battle of Cedar Mountain mit einer Ambulanz aufs Schlachtfeld gefahren werden, da er zu schwach war zu reiten. Branch hielt es während der Schlacht nicht mehr in seinem Wagen und er übernahm aktiv den schlachtentscheidenden Gegenstoß auf Jackson's schon geworfener linker Flanke (Hassler, William Woods: A. P. Hill: Lee’s Forgotten General, p. 79; Stackpole: From Cedar Moun­tain, p. 66-67; Wood, W. J.: Civil War Generalship, p. 67). Branch behauptete später, die berühmte Stonewall Brigade sei vom Schlachtfeld geflohen, der Einsatz der Brigade Branch habe die Stonewall Brigade aufgefangen (Stackpole: From Cedar Mountain, p. 66-67). Tatsächlich war nur die 27th Virginia Infantry aus der Stonewall Brigade geflohen, während die anderen Regimenter die Stel­lung hielten und als einzige CS-Einheiten sogar drei US-Regimentsfahnen erobert hatten. Die falsche Behauptung Branch's diente nur der Erhöhung seines eigenen Ruhms auf Kosten der Stonewall Brigade (Hartwig, Scott D.: Commentary zu Stackpole: From Ce­dar Mountain, Stackpole, p. 461; Robertson: Stonewall Briga­de, p. 131 ff; Krick: Cedar Mountain, p. 384-88).


Branch ist gefallen bei Antietam am 17.9.1862.



Gen Lawrence O'Bryan Branch (



- **Branch Papers (a): Wartime Letters, official and private, of L. O'Bryan Branch, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va.

- **Branch Papers (b): ähnlich wie oben, aber mit unterschiedlichen Daten. Die beiden Sammlungen zusammengenommen enthalten nützliche Informationen über die Gedanken von Stonewall Jackson und Ewell und den Einsatz von Branch Einheiten (Tanner: Stone­wall in the Valley, p. 572). North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh, North Carolina

- **Branch Family Papers. Duke University, Durham/NC, Special Collections Library

- OR 12(3) 223 Branch's Report



Branch, Sanford W.:

CS.1stLt; Co. B&D, 8th Regiment Georgia Infantry; mustered in as sergeant (National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 7).



- Branch, Sanford W.: Letter 17.12.1862 (Fredericksburg); typescript, Margaret Branch Sexton Collection, University of Georgia



Brannan, John M.:

US-MajGen; July 1, 1819 – December 16, 1892; was a career American Army officer who served in the Mexican-American War and as a Union general in the American Civil War, in command of the Department of Key West in Florida and assigned to Fort Zachary Taylor. His first wife was the daughter of Colonel Ichabod Crane; she mysteriously disappeared after taking a ferry from Staten Is­land to lower Manhattan and was presumed to have been murdered (


Brannan was born in Washington, D.C., and was a messenger in the United States House of Representatives when he received his ap­pointment to the United States Military Academy from Ratliff Boon, the U.S. Representative from Indiana in 1837. His appointment was supported by 114 other Congressmen. He finished West Point in 1841, ranking 23rd of 52 cadets, and was assigned to the 1st U.S. Artillery Regiment. After graduation, Brannan served at Plattsburgh, New York during the border dispute with Canada. During the Mexican-American War, Brannan was in the battles of Vera CruzCerro GordoLa HoyaContreras and Churubusco. He was bre­vetted to captain for gallantry for Contreras and Churubusco. He was severely wounded during the battle for Mexico City. After the war with Mexico, Brannan fought against the Seminoles. Brannan then remained in the Southeast at various posts until the begin­ning of the Civil War (


At the outbreak of the Civil War, Brannan was appointed a brigadier general of volunteers and placed in command of the Department of Key West. In October 1862, he fought in the Battle of Saint John's Bluff where he led infantry troops in the expedition on the St. Johns River against Confederate positions for control of Jacksonville, Florida. Also in the same month, Brannan was placed in com­mand of the Department of the South after Ormsby Mitchel's death. He was brevetted a lieutenant colonel for his service during the battle for Jacksonville, Florida. He served as department commander until January 1863. In 1863 he led an infantry division un­der Major General William Rosecrans in the Tullahoma Campaign where he fought at Hoover's Gap. Brannan then fought under Maj. Gen. George Henry Thomas during the Chickamauga Campaign in XIV Corps. At Chickamauga, Brannan lost 38 per cent of his command. Nevertheless, Brannan was awarded a brevet appointment to colonel for meritorious service. When Rosecrans was relie­ved by Ulysses S. Grant, Brannan was reassigned from infantry back to artillery. He was promoted to the rank of major in the regular army in August 1863. From October 1863 until June 1865, Brannan was chief of artillery of the Department of the Cumberland, whe­re he oversaw the defenses at Chattanooga. He was in the Battle of Missionary Ridge and in the Atlanta Campaign where he partici­pated in the Battle of ResacaBattle of Dallas, and the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain. He was also at the siege and surrender of At­lanta. He was appointed a brevet major general in both the regular army and in the volunteer forces ( John_Milton_Brannan).


After the Civil War, Brannan mustered out of the volunteer forces and reverted to the regular army rank of major with the 1st U.S. Artillery Regiment. He was assigned to artillery duties at Fort Trumbull, Connecticut, Fort Wadsworth, New York, and Ogdensburg, New York. While at Ogdensburg, he helped prevent the Fenian raids into Canada. In 1877, Brannan was in PhiladelphiaPennsylva­nia, where he helped put down the railroad riots. Brannan transferred to the 4th U.S. Artillery Regiment in 1877. He retired from the army with the rank of colonel on April 19, 1882. He then moved to New York City. Brannon was a member of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Brannan died in New York and was buried at Woodlawn Cemetery. He was reinterred at the West Point Cemetery ( John_Milton_Brannan).



Brannigan, Felix:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 74th Regiment New York Infantry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 14; see also Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Get­tysburg Nobody Knows, p. 27 iVm. S. 226n54). Also named as Orderly Sgt., 74th New York Volunteers



- **Brannigan, Felix: Letter to Father (n.d. [July 1863]); Copy in Brake Collection, USMHI, Carlisle Barracks, PA

- Brannigan, Felix (1843-1907) (Orderly Sgt., 74th New York Volunteers): Papers, 1861-64 (Library of Congress). 28 items. Letters from Brannigan to his sister concerning recruitment, training, and the Peninsular and Gettysburg campaigns. Includes information on camp life, troop movements, the Siege of Yorktown, and the battles of Williamsburg and Gettysburg



Brant, Jefferson E.:

US-LtCol; geboren am 27.2.1837 in Tuscarawas County / Ohio; er zog später nach Indiana, wo er das Asbury College in Greencastle / Indiana besuchte; graduiert 1860; Eheschließung am 8.8.1858 mit Mary A. McAllister; Pfarrer ab 1860; in Prarieton / Indiana; 1862 Captain Co E 85th Indiana Infantry (Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, p. 95, 134); Captain Co. 'E' 85th Indiana In­fantry, Coburn's Brigade; Major, Lt Col 85th Indiana Infantry; er kommandierte kurzzeitig das Regiment



- Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, p. 16



- **Brant, Jefferson E.: History of the Eighty-Fifth Indiana Volunteer Infantry (Bloomington / Ind.: Cravens Brothers, Printers and Binders, 1902)

- Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, p. 6, 8, 16, 23, 30, 38, 50, 52, 54, 55, 58, 60, 61-62, 65, 67, 75, 93, 11-119, 131, 136, 138, 139, 141-44, 152-53, 159, 164, 172, 174, 1981, 193, 208, 222-25, 289-90



Brantley, Joseph K.:

CS-Sgt; 7th Arkansas Field Battery (Zimmerman's Battery)



- Brantley, Joseph K.: Roster, 1860-1865; 1 item. Memorandum book, kept by Sergeant Joseph K. Brantley, Zimmerman's Battery, Arkansas Light Artillery (Seventh Arkansas Field Battery), containing a roster of non-commissioned officers and enlisted men, a list of shoes issued to the unit on May 12, 1865, and what appear to be sales transactions recorded in February 1860 (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990)



Brantley, R. A.:

CS-Corporal (Pvt); Co. D, 5th Regiment Texas Infantry (National Park Soldiers M227 Roll 4).



- **Brantley, R. A.: Memoir „The 5th Texas, Seven Days Battle around Richmond“, Confederate Veteran 7 (Aug. 1988), p. 357; ty­pescript in possession od Robert E . L. Krick (Krick: Defending Lee's Flank. J.E.B. Stuart, John Pelham, and Confederates on Nico­demus Heights; in: Gallagher: The Antietam Campaign, p. 216n2)



Brasher, A. D.:

CS-Surgeon; 3rd Louisiana Infantry



- Brasher, Leona Sumner: Handwritten Manuscript History, 1915; entitled "Chicot County, Arkansas-Pioneer and Present Times," written by Leona Sumner Brasher, the widow of Dr. A. D. Brasher, assistant surgeon, Third Louisiana Infantry. Brasher's story, based on personal and family recollections, includes capsule biographical sketches of many Chicot County Confederate soldiers. (Chicot County History; in: Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).



Brastow, George O.:

US-Captain; Co. I, 5th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry (3 months, 1861) (Militia) (National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 4); Bennett: Musket and Sword, p. 4).



Brayman, Mason:

US-BrigGen; aus Springfield, Illinois, Nachbar Lincoln's (Bearss: Vicksburg, Vol. I., S. 34 Anm. 43); im November 1862 eingesetzt in Sherman's Corps in Grant's Army of the Tennessee; während Grant's Vorstoß nach Süden auf Grand Junction, Mississip­pi kom­mandierte Brayman die zur Sicherung von Grant's Versorgungslinie über die Tennessee & Ohio RR in Bolivar, Tennessee (Karte bei Davis Nr. 154) eingesetzten Sicherungskräfte bestehend aus 17th Illinois Infantry, 43rd Illinois Infantry, 61st Illinois Infan­try, 12th Michigan Infantry, 15th Battery Ohio Light Artillery, 5th Ohio Cavalry und 1st Tennessee Cavalry (Bearss: Vicksburg, Vol. I., S. 34 Anm. 43).



- Brayman, Mason: Papers (Chicago Historical Society, Chicago / Illinois)



Bratnober, Augustus C.:

US-Sergeant; Co. F, 10th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 3)



- **Bratnober, August: Manuscript diary of member of Scribner's Brigade , owned by his grandson Carl Bratnober, St. Paul, Minn. (mentioned in: Tucker: Chickamauga, p. 423)



Breathed, James:

CS-Major; Shanks' Company, Virginia Horse Artillery (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 6);


Im Battle of Antietam 17.9.1862, after John Pelham assumed (during the the absence of Jackson's artillery chief) the command Jack­son's Corps Artillery, James Breathed took over the command of Pelham's Horse Artillery Artillery of JEB Stuart's Cavalry Division (Sears: Landscape turned Red, p. 372), comprising 1st Stuart Horse Artillery, Chew's Virginia Battery and Hart's South Carolina Battery (Sears: Lands­cape turned Red, p. 372); deployed on the left flank of Lee's army (Krick: Defending Lee's Flank. J.E.B. Stuart, John Pelham, and Confederates on Nicodemus Heights; in: Gal­lagher: The Antietam Campaign, p. 195). On the night after the battle of Antietam, before crossing the Potomac, Pelham's 1st Stuart Horse Artille­ry was divided into two parts each with 4 guns, with Breathed as captain of one part (John­son/Anderson: Artillery Hell, p. 100).


In the Gettysburg Campaign Breathed was Captain, Chew's Battery in Stuart's Cavalry Division (Longacre: The Cavalry at Gettysburg, p. 32).


Breathed was a Marylander, born 1838 (Krick: Defending Lee's Flank. J.E.B. Stuart, John Pelham, and Confederates on Nicodemus Heights; in: Gallagher: The Antietam Cam­paign, p. 195).



Breck, George E.:

US-First Lt, Co. B, 3rd Regiment New York Light Artillery (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 14); also Lt in Reynolds's Battery (= Co. L, 1stRe­giment New York Light Artillery), Brevet Major, at first Sergeant, Co. L, 1se Regiment New York Light Artillery (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 14; Hennessy:M Return to Bull run, p. 52, 170).



- **Breck, George, comp. Robert E. Marcotte. Breck's War Correspondence of George Breck, Battery L (Reynolds's Battery), 1st New York Light Artillery. Rochester, N.Y., R. E. Marcotte, 2005

- Breck, George: Letter, published in the Rochester Union and Advertiser 31.7.1862

- **Breck, George: Letter of 5.9.1862, 18.9.1862, published in the Rochester Union and Advertiser, Sept. 26, 1862 (McPherson: Crossroads of Freedom. Antietam, p. 157 n2; Hennessy: Return top Bull Run, p. 483n37)



Breckinridge, Cary:

CS-Major; 2nd Regiment Virginia Cavalry; 1863 gehörte die Einheit unter Col Thomas T. *Munford zu Fitzhugh Lee's Cavalry Bri­gade; Stuart's Cavalry Division (Longacre, The Cavalry at Gettysburg, p. 17).



Breckinridge, John:

2.12.1760 Staunton, Va. - † 14.12.1806 Lexington, Kentucky) war ein US-Jurist, Politiker, US-Senator und Justizminister (Attorney General).


Breckinridge absolvierte zunächst ein allgemein bildendes Studium am renommierten College of William & Mary. Während des Un­abhängigkeitskrieges (1775–1783) diente er in der Miliz von Virginia und studierte anschließend die Rechtswissenschaften. Nach der Zulassung zum Rechtsanwalt 1785 gründete er eine Anwaltskanzlei in Charlottesville; 1793 rief er eine solche dann auch in Lexing­ton ins Leben. Zugleich gründete er mit der Castleton Farm einen der berühmtesten Rennpferdställe in der Pferdesportgeschichte der USA.


Breckinridge entstammte einer angesehenen und einflussreichen Politikerfamilie. Sein Enkel John C. Breckinridge war der jüngste Vizepräsident der Vereinigten Staaten. Sein Enkel William Campbell Preston Breckinridge und sein Urenkel Clifton R. Breckinridge waren Abgeordnete des Repräsentantenhauses, ebenso wie sein Ururenkel John B. Breckinridge. N


Noch als Student wurde er 1779 im Alter von 19 Jahren zum Mitglied der Legislativversammlung von Virginia gewählt. Da damals die Grenze zur Volljährigkeit noch bei 21 Jahren lag, konnte er dieses Mandat jedoch zunächst nicht antreten.1792 wurde er als Ab­geordneter in das Repräsentantenhaus der Vereinigten Staaten gewählt, jedoch verzichtete er bereits vor Beginn der Sitzungsperiode auf dieses Mandat. 1794 kandidierte er erfolglos für einen Sitz im US-Senat. Von 1795 bis zu seinem Rücktritt 1797 war er Attorney General von Kentucky. Anschließend wurde er Mitglied des Repräsentantenhauses von Kentucky, das ihn für zwei Jahre auch zu sei­nem Sprecher wählte. Anschließend war er von 1799 bis 1801 Mitglied der Verfassungsgebenden Versammlung von Kentucky.


Als Kandidat der Demokratisch-Republikanischen Partei wurde er danach zum US-Senator gewählt. Als solcher war er vom 4. März 1801 bis zum 7. August 1805 Vertreter seines Staates in Washington. Nach seinem Rücktritt als Senator wurde er dann am 7. August 1805 von US-Präsident Thomas Jefferson als Attorney General in dessen Kabinett berufen.


Breckinridge, der im Amt verstarb, war in vielfacher Hinsicht ein wichtiger Berater des Präsidenten (aus wikipedia, Stichwirt 'John Breckinridge', Abruf v. 21.4.2017



- **Davis, William C.: Breckinridge: Statesman, Soldier, Symbol [(Baton Rouge, La, 1974)

- Lowell Harrison: John Breckinridge, Jeffersonian Republican. Filson Club, Louisville 1969.

- James C. Klotter: The Breckinridges of Kentucky: Two Centuries of Leadership. University Press of Kentucky, Lexington 1986.



Breckinridge, John C.:

CS-MajGen; aus Kentucky, Confederate Secretary of War, appointed 28.1.1865; Breckinridge stammt aus Kentucky; US-Vizepräsi­dent in der Regierung Buchanan 1857-61 (Farwell, Byron: Ball's Bluff - A small Battle and Its Long Shadow, p. 18; Kelly, Holding Kentucky for the Union; in: Battles and Leaders Vol. I S. 377). Breckenridge war 1860 demokratischer Gegenkandidat Lin­coln's um die Präsidentschaft (Grant, Memoirs, p. ++++); der andere demokratische Gegenkandidat zum Republikaner Lincoln war Steven A. *Douglas, US-Senator und demokratischer Präsidentschaftskandidat 1860 (Mosby, Memoirs, p. 14; Grant, Memoirs, Kap 16); Grant bezeichnet Douglas' Kandidatur als aussichtslos, der wirkliche Wahlwettbewerb fand zwischen dem Demokraten *Breckenridge und dem Republikaner Lincoln statt; zu Douglas auch McPherson, Für die Freiheit sterben, p. 63, 68, 98, 108, 111-14, 116 ff, etc.


Douglas vertrat in der Frage von Sklavenhaltung und Territorialprinzip die Auffassung, daß jeder Staat der USA die Sklaverei inner­halb seiner Grenzen verbieten könne. Breckenridge folgte dagegen der Meinung, insb. nach der Entscheidung des Supreme Court im Dred Scott Case, daß es das Recht der Sklavenhalter sei, ihre Sklaven in neue Territorien mitzunehmen und als Sklaven zu halten, auch wenn die Sklavenhaltung gegen die Mehrheitsmeinung der Einwohner des betreffenden Staates verstoße.


Breckinridge vertrat im US-Senat im August 1861 die Ansicht der friedlichen Trennung der Staaten; dieser Meinung trat US-Senator und Colonel Edward Dickinson *Baker am 1.8.1861 in einer energischen - in US-Uniform gehaltenen - Rede entgegen und bezeich­nete Breckinridge's Ansicht als Verrat (Farwell, Byron: Ball's Bluff - A small Battle and Its Long Shadow, p. 18). Kurz darauf verließ Breckinridge Washington und schloß sich der Konföderation an.


In der Chickamauga Campaign 1863 Breckinridge commanded Breckinridge's Division, Hill's Corps (LtGen Daniel H. Hill), Bragg's Army of Tennessee (Powell: Chickamauga Campaign, vol. I: A Mad Battle, p. 645). The Battle of Stones River became an especial focal point of enmity between LtGen Braxton Bragg and John C. Breckinridge (Powell: Chickamauga Campaign, vol. I: A Mad Battle, p. 48).


Jefferson Davis ernannte ihn am 6. Februar 1865 zum Kriegsminister als Nachfolger des aus gesundheitlichen Gründen (?) zurückge­tretenen James A. Seddon. John C. Breckinridge war Secretary of War from 6.2.1865 to 10.5.1865. Es war natürlich zu spät, um ir­gendetwas zu bewegen. Im April verließ er mit dem Kabinett Richmond, Virginia und entkam nach Kuba (wikipedia, Stichwort 'John C. Breckin­ridge', Abruf v. 19.9.2017). In Early March 1865 Breckinridge had continued to quietly urge Confederate legislators to pursue a peace agree­ment and met with a group of influential senators in a Richmond hotel room and pressed them to end the war. But the senators recoi­led from publicly opposing President Davis and would not promise any action (Wheelan:Last Full Measure, p. 116).



- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History, Vol. 1: Fort Sumter to Gettysburg, p. 307

- Kelly, Holding Kentucky for the Union; in: Battles and Leaders Vol. I, S. 377

Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, p. 62



- **Davis, William C.: Breckinridge: Statesman, Soldier, Symbol (Baton Rouge, La, 1974)

- **Breckinridge, John C.: Papers; Chicago Historical Society

- **Breckinridge, John C.: Papers; Henry E. Huntingdon Library, San Marino, Calif.

- **Breckinridge, John C.: Papers, New York Historical Society, New York

- **Breckinridge, John C.: Papers, Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland, Ohio

- **Davis, William C.: Breckinridge: Statesman, Soldier, Symbol (Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 1974)



Breckinridge, Joseph C.:

CS-Pvt; aus Kentucky; Sohn von John C. *Breckinridge; 1861 war Joseph C. Breckinridge Private in Co. B 2nd Kentucky Infantry unter seinem Onkel Captain Robert C. *Breckinridge (Davis: Orphan Brigade, p. 16).



Breckinridge, Lucy:

CS-+++; aus Virginia



- Breckinridge, Lucy: Lucy Breckinridge of Grove Hill: The Journal of a Virginia Girl, 1862-1864 (Univ South Carolina). Memoirs of a high-spirited youth who wanted to escape wartime boredom



Breckinridge, Robert J.:

CS-Captain; aus Kentucky; Cousin von John C. Breckinridge (Davis: Orphan Brigade, p. 14); Captain Co. B in der 2nd Kentucky In­fantry (Davis: Orphan Brigade, p. 16); in seiner Kompanie diente 1861 als Private Joseph C. *Breckinridge, der Sohn von John C. *Breckinridge (Davis: Orphan Brigade, p. 16).



Breckinridge (Breckenridge), William Campbell Preston:

CS-Col; Co. F&S, 9th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 2, names as 'Breckenridge'; Horwitz: The Longest Raid, p. 4, named as 'Breckinridge').



- Breckinridge Family Papers, 1752-1965 (Library of Congress, Washington/DC). ca. 200,000 items. Contains numerous letters from family members relating to the war. Of particular interest are the papers of Col. William Campbell Preston Breckinridge (1837-1904), 9th Kentucky Cavalry, CSA, which consist of an order book, Dec. 1862- Mar. 1864, and letters to his wife; also, the diary, 1864-65, and letters of Lt. Joseph Cabell Breckinridge (1842-1920), 2d Artillery Battalion, USA, written chiefly at Fort Barrancas and Fort Pi­ckens, Fla. Finding aid available



Breeden, Pompey O.:

CS-Pvt; Co B 2nd Arkansas Mounted Rifles



- Moose, James Sayles: Papers, 1833-1980. The Moose papers also include typed transcripts of eight letters written by Private Pom­pey O. Breeden, Company B, Second Arkansas Mounted Rifles, dating from August 12, 1861, to March 21, 1862. These letters des­cribe Breeden's experiences at the battles of Wilson's Creek, Missouri, and Pea Ridge (Benton County) (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayette­ville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).



Brem, Thomas Hamilton:

CS-Col (Inschrift auf seinem Grabstein im Elmwood Cemetery, Charlotte, Mecklenburg County, NC); 1816-1876 (http://www.fin­ Wohl identisch mit Captain T. H. Brem, Batteriechef von Brem's Battery; Teilnahme am Battle of New Berne am 14.3.1863 im Rahmen von Brig. Gen. Lawrence O’B. Branch Brigade (Hess: Lee's Tar Heels, p. 13) sowie im Battle of the Seven Days im Rahmen Theophilus T. Holmes North Carolina Division _Confederate_order_of_battle).


Brent, George William:

CS-Col; General and Staff Officers, Non Regimental Enlisted Men, CSA (National Park Soldiers M818 Roll 3); during the Chicka­mauga Campaign August-September 1863 Col Brent was Assistant Adjutant General in the staff of MajGen Braxton Bragg's Army of Tennessee (Powell: Chickamauga Campaign: Mad Irregular Battle, p. 223).



Brent, Joseph Lancaster:

CS-BrigGen; 30.11.1826 Pomonkey / Charles County / Maryland - 27.11.1905 Baltimore / Maryland; Studium an der Georgetown University / Maryland; dann kurze Zeit Rechtsanwalt in St. Martinsville / Louisiana; ab 1849 Rechtsanwalt in California; 1856 und 1857 Abgeordneter im California Parlament; bei Kriegsausbruch versuchte Brent per Schiffsreise in die CSA zu gelangen, wurde je­doch auf hoher See verhaftet und erst im Februar 1862 paroled. Brent ging nach Richmond und wurde Mitglied im Stab von MajGen Magruder; am 9.5.1852 befördert zum Major der Artillery; zugleich Chief of Ordnance im Stab Magruder's. Anschließend nach Loui­siana versetzt; dort Chief of Artillery in West Louisiana; er ließ zwei behelfsmäßige Gunboats bauen, die das US-Ironclad Indianola aufgriffen; 15.10.1864 Brigadekommandeur und BrigGen in Nord-Louisiana. Brent war einer der drei Commissionars, die am 26.5.1865 die Übergabe des CS-Districts Trans-Mississippi verhandelten (Allardice: More Generals in Gray, p. 42).



Allardice, p. 42



- Brent, Joseph L.: Memoirs of the War (New Orleans, 1940)



Brett, David:

US-+++; 9th Massachusetts Battery



- Brett, David (9th Mass Battery): My Dear Wife: The Civil War Letters of David Brett, Union Canoneer (Pioneer Press, 1964); 137 pp, Index, Photos, Rosters. The 9th Mass Battery fought bravely at Gettysburg in hand-to-hand combat against the 21st Mississippi and went on to fight at Mine Run, Brandy Station, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg and Appomattox.



Brevard, Keziah Goodwyn Hopkin:




- Brevard, Keziah: A Plantation Mistress on the Eve of the Civil War: The Diary of Keziah Goodwyn Hopkin Brevard, 1860-1861 (Univ S. Carolina, 1996); edited by John Hammond Moore, 137 pp, Index, Photos. An insightful prelude to the well-known diaries of Mary Chestnut and Emma Holmes.



Brewer, Abraham:

US-Sergeant; Co. A, 61st Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 13).



- **Brewer, Abraham T. (Sergeant 61st Pennsylvania Infantry): History Sixty-First Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-1865 (Pittsburgh, PA: Art Engraving & Printing, Co., 1911)



Brewer, Melvin:

US-LtCol; zunächst Captain Co. F&S, 1st Regiment Michigan Cavalry (National Park Soldier M545 Roll 5).


31.10.1831 Wilson, Niagra Co., NY - † mortally wounded 19.9.1864 Winchester / VA, gestorben 25.9.1864. 7th Generation descen­dent of Johannes (Jan)1 Brouwer (1632-1702) of New Netherland (Philip6 Brewer, John5 Brewer, Elias4 Brewer, Elias3 Brouwer, Derck2 Brouwer, Jan1 Brouwer); Childhood: 1837 -1851, Farm in White Lake, Oakland Co., Michigan; educated in Law at Universi­ty of Michigan, Pontiac Branch 1851 – 1855; °° 4.2.1857 Amanda Clark; two children, Emmer  11 Nov 1857, Melvin Napoleon 1 Aug 1859 (Richard Brewer bei www. Google, Stichwort Melvin Brewer, Abruf vom 6.5.2016)


Pre Military Career: Lawyer, Almont, LaPeer Co., Michigan 1855 -1861; Enlisted from Almont, Lapeer Co., Michigan. he was 29 years of age when he was commissioned Captain, Company L, of the 1st Michigan Cavalry 9 August 1861. Promoted to Major 16 February 1863 in 1st Regiment Michigan Cavalry. On 6 June 1864 he was made Lt. Colonel in the 7th Michigan Cavalry, in General Custer's "Michigan Cavalry" brigade. He commanded that regiment in the action at Trevilian Station, VA., June 11, 1864, and was wounded there. He was mortally wounded at the Battle of Winchester, VA. September 19, 1864 and died September 25, 1864 (Ri­chard Brewer bei www. Google, Stichwort Melvin Brewer, Abruf vom 6.5.2016).


Teilnahme am Battle of Kernstown am 23.3.1862 (OR 12 [I]: 349 [Shields' Report]).


Anfang Juni 1863 hatten sich die Anzeichen für einen Vorstoß von Lee's Army of Northern Virginia nach Norden verstärkt. Gen Joe Hooker hatte, auf Bitte seines Cavalry Commanders Pleasonton deshalb beim War Department in Washington um Verstärkung gebe­ten, um verstärkte Aufklärung betreiben zu können. Stahel's Cavalry Division gehörte damals zu Heintzelman's Truppen im Verteidi­gungsring um Washington. Stahel erhielt nun Befehl: „There is little doubt, that Lee has moved his army from Hooker's front [Anm.: vor Fredericksburg/VA]. His object is not known. Push a strong reconnaissance into the Shenandoah Valley at once to acquire any in­formation which may be had of the enemy's whereabouts or intensions“ (Nye: Here come the Rebels, p. 47; OR XXV, Part. 1, p. 18). At first Stahel seemed reluctant, but 2 days later, he set forth from Fairfax with 2 small regiments in einer Gesamtstär­ke von 600 Mann. They established a base where the Orange & Alexandria Railroad crosses Kettle Run, a few miles back of Pleason­ton's head­quarters at . Stahel sent patrols into Loudon Valley. One of these scouts produced a bit of information that was highly signi­ficant, but which seems to have been overlooked by the War Department and possibly was not even transmitted to Hooker. At 6 on 8.6.1863 Major Melvin Brewster of the 1st Michigan Cavalry sent the following telegram from Winchester /VA: „On June 6, General Ewell with a corps was encamped one mile this side of Culpeper. Stuart with a large force of cavalry, is between Culpeper and Front Roy­al.“ (Nye: Here come the Rebels, p. 47-48; OR XXVII, Pt. 1, p. 785).



- LtCol Melvin Brewer (Richard Brewer bei www. Google, Stichwort Melvin Brewer, Abruf vom 6.5.2016)



Brewster, A. P.:

CS-+++; Assistant Adjutant General im Stab von Gen A. S. Johnston im Battle of Shiloh (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 44)



Brewster, Charles H.:

US-Adjutant; Co. CFS, 10th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 4; McPherson: For Cause & Comrades, p. 10, 190n13).



- Historic Northampton Museum & Education Center, Northampton, Massachusetts (s.NUCMC, National Union Catalog of Manus­cript Collections,



- **Blight, David W. (Hrsg.): When this Cruel War is Over: The Civil War Letters of Charles Harvey Brewster (University of Massa­chusetts Press, 1992)

- **Brester, Charles H.: Notebook of Letters from Charles H. Brewster to his mother Martha C. Brester, 1861-1864, Historic Nor­thampton Museum & Education Center, Northampton, Massachusetts



Brewster, Col.:

US-Col; 63th New York Infantry; im Mai 1862 vor Yorktown (Nevins: Col Wainwright, p. 44).



Briant, Charles C.:

US-Captain; Co. K, 6th Regiment Indiana Infantry; Briant trat als Sergeant in das Regiment ein (National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 8)



- **Briant, C. C.: History of the 6th Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry (Indianapolis, 1891)



Bridgford, David B.:

CS-Major; at first Captain Co. B, 1st Battalion, Virginia Infantry (Regulars) (Irish Battalion) (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 7), later Major, Co. F&S, 1st Battalion, Virginia Infantry (Regulars) (Irish Battalion) (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 7).


Captain; 1961 Chef des 1st Regular Battalion (Irish Battalion) 3rd Brigade Jesse Burks, Jackson's Army of the Valley; Teilnahme am Battle von Kernstown am 23.3.1862; hierbei sollte das Irish Battalion die Artillery von Carpenter's Battery decken, geriet jedoch durcheinander, so daß der größere Teil des Irish Battalion stattdessen Stellung vor McLaughlin's Battery bezog, bzw. auf einen durch Captain Alexander S. *Pendleton übermittelten Befehl Stonewall Jackson's (Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, p. 129; OR 12 [I] 405 Bridgford's Report).


During Lee's Gettysburg Campaign 1863, the unit with about 250 officers and men served as the army's provost guard. Major David B. Bridgford, whom Lee assigned to his staff as acting provost marshal, headed up this unit. Besides standard military police duties, this battalion also interrogated prisoners of war to obtain useful intelligence and submitted reports to Gen Lee. Upon reaching the vi­cinity, however, Lee assigned Major Bridgford as post commander and the 1st Battalion as provost guard for the city, relieving the 13th Virginia of Early's division of those duties (Ryan: Spies, p. 191).



Bridgford, Oliver A.:

US-+++; 45th Illinois Infantry



- Bridgford, Oliver A.: Letters (Shiloh National Military Park, Shiloh / Tennessee, 45th Illinois File)



Briggs, Edward:

US-Col; 76th Ohio Infantry (zu Kritik an Briggs: Glatthaar: The March to the Sea and Beyond, p. 22 m.w.N.).



Briggs, Edward S.:

US-Musician; Co. I, 76th Regiment Ohio Infantry (National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 12).


During the burning of Columbia/SC on 17.2.1865 Baugh stole jewel4ry from the Commercial Bank(Royster: Destructive War, p. 24).



Briggs, Henry Shaw:

US-BrigGen und Brigadekommandeur. Seine Brigade gehörte seit Herbst 1862 zur Division von BrigGen Andrew Atchinson Hum­phreys; Teilnahme am Angriff auf den Stonewall im Battle von Fredericksburg (Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, p. 84). Da der Briga­dekommandeur Briggs auf grund einer Verwundung im Battle of Fair Oaks schwer verwundet worden war, führte Col Alla­bach die Brigade im Battle von Fredericksburg (Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, p. 84).


Die Brigade Briggs umfaßte folgende Regimenter:

- 131st Pennsylvania Infantry Col Peter Hollingshead *Allabach

- 123rd Pennsylvania Infantry Col John B. *Clark

- 133rd Pennsylvania Infantry Col Franklin *Speakman

- 155th Pennsylvania Infantry Col E. J. *Allen



Briggs, Mahlon B.:

US-Captain; Co. D, 75th Regiment Ohio Infantry; mustered in as First Sergeant (National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 12).


3.7.1863 kia Gettysburg, after being mw north of Gettysburg on 1.7.1863 (Pula: Under the Crescent Moon, vol. 2, p. 38).



Bright, Robert Anderson:

CS-Captain; Co. B, 53rd Regiment Virginia Infantry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 7).


During the Gettysburg Campaign 1863, Captain Bright was member of the staff of Pickett's Division (Gottfried: Brigades of Gettysburg, p. 468, 483n8, 24, 581, 653).


Post-War farmer in Williamsburg (, keyword 'Robert Anderson Bright', accessed 10.7.2019).


23.3.1839 Williamsburg/VA - † 17.3.1864 Williamsburg; burial Cedar Grove Cemetery, Williamsburg/Va (, keyword 'Robert Anderson Bright', accessed 10.7.2019).



- Bright, R. A.: „Pickett's Charge at Gettysburg.“ Confederate Veteran Magazine (1930), vol. 37, p. 263-266

- Bright, Robert A.: „Pickett's Charge, The Story of It Told by a Member of his Staff.“ Southern Historical Society Papers (1903), vol. 31, p. 228-236



Brinckle, John Rumley:

US-Col; 5th US Artillery im Spätjahr 1861 / Frühjahr 1862 (Nevins: Col Wainwright, p. 5), die sog. 'German Batteries (Nevins: Col Wainwright, p. 36, 74).



Bringhurst, T. H.:

US-Col; 1862 Col der 46th Indiana Infantry in Col. Graham N. Fitch's Brigade. Im Juni 1862 war Fitch's Indiana Brigade (43rd In­diana Infantry; 46th Indiana Infantry) beteiligt am Vorstoß gegen Fort Pillow, den Col Charles *Ellet's Ram Fleet auf dem Mississippi River gegen Fort Pillow unternahm. Ellet ordnete eine bewaffnete Aufklärung auf dem Ufer des Mississippi gegen Fort Pillow an, um festzustellen, ob das CS Gunboat noch vor Fort Pillow lag, um dieses evtl. mit einem überraschenden Zugriff an der Landestelle durch Infantry zu besetzen, bevor die Ram Fleet unterstützt von Davis's Western Gunboat Flotilla gegen Fort Pillow vorging. Die Aufklärung erbrachte, daß die Konföderierten begonnen hatten, Fort Pillow zu evakuieren (ORN XXIII, S. 42; Bearss: Hardluck Ironclad, p. 66, 67). Fitch's Männer drangen am 3.6.1862 bis auf 30 m vor die Schießscharten von Fort Pillow im Bereich des Cold River und waren an der für 5.6.1862 geplanten Joint Attack gegen Fort Pillow von Mississippi Ram Fleet unter Col Ellet und der Western Gunboat Flotilla Col Davis' und Fitch's Brigade beteiligt (Bearss: Hardluck Ironclad, p. 67-68). 1863 mit der 46th Indiana Infantry Teilnahme an Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 1863; in McClernand's XIII Army Corps, 12th Division BrigGen Alvin P. Hovey; Marsch zur Umgehung von *Grand Gulf auf der Westseite des Mississippi in Louisiana von Coffee's Point bis zum Ufer gegenüber *Bruinsburg im April 1863 (Bearss, Edwin Cole: The Vicksburg Campaign, Vol. II, a.a.O, p. 317-18, 403; Kar­te: Davis Nr. 155 D6,



- History of the Forty-sixth Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry, September, 1861 - September 1865. Compiled by Committee (Lo­gansport, 1888)



Brinton, Daniel G.:



Dr. Daniel Garrison Brinton, Yale '58, Jefferson Medical College '60, and student at Paris and Heidelberg in 1861, was born at Ho­mestead Farm, Thornbury, Pennsylvania, a property owned by the Brinton family since 1684. He entered the army in August, 1862, and was assigned in February, 1863, as Surgeon-in-Chief of Division to the XI Corps of the Army of the Potomac. With that Corps he saw the desperate fighting at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. Later, he accompanied it to the relief of Chattanooga, and had a fine view of the battles of Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge. He continued with the Army of the Cumberland as Medical Director of the XI Corps until April, 1864, when, because of disabilities acquired in the field, he was appointed surgeon in charge of the Uni­ted States Army General Hospital at Quincy, Illinois, where he served until August 5, 1865.



- Brinton, Daniel G.: „From Chancellorsville to Gettysburg: A Doctor's Diary;“ ed. D. G. Brinton Thompson, Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, 89 (July 1985), pp. 292-315 (PDF available)



Brinton, John Hill:

US-Surgeon; Chief Surgeon in Grant's Army of the Mississippi (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 54, 55)


Brinton was Grant's Medical Director and met, observed and commented on practically the entire hierarchy of the Union Army. Ne­vins says "Brinton, a renowned surgeon and able scholar, provides intimate glimpses of both Federal hospitals in the West and the principal battlefields of the East."



- **Brinton, John Hill (Surgeon, U.S. Vols): Personal Memoirs of John H. Brinton (Univ Southern Illinois Press; Reprint of 1914 Neale Original); 380 pp. New Foreword by John Y. Simon



Brisbine, Napoleon B.:

US-Surgeon; 2nd Ohio Cavalry



- Brisbine, Napoleon B.: Letters (VMI-Archive)



Bristow, Benjamin H.:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 8th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (US) (National Park Soldiers M386 Roll 3); zunächst LtCol 25th Regiment Ken­tucky Infantry (US) (National Park Soldiers M386 Roll 3 'Ben. H. Bristow; Anm.: in der dt. Ausgabe von Wikipedia, Stichwort Benjamin H. Bristow, fehlerhaft als 25th Regiment Kentucky Infantry [CS] angege­ben).


Eingesetzt im Juli 1863 zur Abwehr von Morgan's Raid nach Kentucky, Indiana und Ohio (Hor­witz: The Longest Raid, p. 20; McGowan, Col. J. E.: Mor­gan's Indiana and Ohio Raid; in: Annals of the War, p. 763).


Bristow graduated at Jefferson College, Washington, Pennsylvania, in 1851, studied law under his father, and was admitted to the Kentucky bar in 1853. For a while Bristow worked as a law partner for his father. His father later became a strong anti-slavery Unionist. His father's political anti-slavery and Whig views strongly influenced Bristow's own political outlook.


Zunächst LtCol 25th Regiment Ken­tucky Infantry (US) (National Park Soldiers M386 Roll 3 'Ben. H. Bristow; Anm.: in der dt. Ausgabe von Wikipedia, Stichwort Benja­min H. Bristow, fehlerhaft als 25th Regiment Kentucky Infantry [CS] angegeben).In April 1862, he was severely wounded by an exploding shell at the Battle of Shiloh in Tennessee and temporarily forced to retire from field duty in order to recover from his injury. After his recuperation, Bristow returned to field service during the summer of 1862 and helped recruit the 8th Kentucky Cavalry. On September 8, 1862 Bristow was commissioned lieutenant colonel over the 8th Kentucky Cavalry. Bristow assumed command of the 8th Kentucky Cavalry in January, 1863 after Col. James M. Shackleford, the previous commander, was promoted brigadier general. On April 1, 1863 Bristow was promoted to colonel and continued his command over the 8th Kentucky Cavalry (www., Abruf v. 5.3.2017).


In 1863, Bristow was elected Kentucky state Senator, serving only one term until 1865, and therefore on September 23, 1863, Bristow was honorably discharged from service in the Union Army. At the end of the Civil War, Bristow was appointed assistant to the U.S. District Attorney serving in the Louisville area, In 1866, Bristow was appointed U.S. District attorney serving in the Louisville area. In 1870, Bristow was appointed the United States' first U.S. Solicitor General, who aided the U.S. Attorney General by arguing cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. In 1874, Bristow was appointed U.S. Secretary of the Treasury by President Ulysses S. Grant. Initially Grant gave Bristow his full support during Bristow's popular prosecution of Whiskey Ring. However, when Bristow and Grant's Attorney General Edwards Pierrepont, another reforming Cabinet member, uncovered that Orville Babcock, Grant's personal secretary, was involved in the ring, Grant's relationship with Bristow cooled. In June 1876, due to friction over Bristow's zealous prosecution of the Whiskey Ring and rumor that Bristow was interested in running for the U.S. Presidency, Bristow resigned from President Grant's Cabinet. During the presidential election of 1876, Bristow made an unsuccessful attempt at gaining the Republican presidential ticket, running as a Republican reformer; the Republicans, however, chose Rutherford B. Hayes. After the 1876 presidential election, Bristow returned to private practice in New York, forming a successful law practice in 1878, often arguing cases before the U.S. Supreme Court until his death in 1896 (www., Abruf v. 5.3.2017).


20.6.1832 Elkton/Ky - † 22.6.1896 New York; S. v. Francis M. Bristow and Emily Helm; 21.11.1854 Abbie S. Briscoe; father of William A. Bristow and Nannie Bristow (www., Abruf v. 5.3.2017).



- Bristow, Benjamin H.: Papers, Library of Congress, Washington/DC

- Foner: Reconstruction, p. 457, 555, 566



Britton, Wiley:

US-Pvt; Co. K, F&S, 6th Regiment Kansas Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M542 Roll 1).



- Wiley Britton (6th Kansas Cavalry) - MEMOIRS OF THE REBELLION ON THE BORDER, 1863 - Univ Nebraska Press - Reprint of 1882 Original - 458 pp - Introduction by Phillip Tucker who calls this "the best and most accurate first person account of the long overlooked western border war of 1863" - Publisher's List Price = $14.95, Our Price - $13



Broady, Knut Oscar:

US-LtCol; Co. F&S, 61st Regiment New York Infantry; at first Captain Co. C (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 14).


1863 war Broady Regimentskommandeur 61st New York Infantry. Das Regiment gehörte während der Gettysburg Cam­paign zur 1st Brigade Col Edward C. Cross; 1st Division BrigGen John C. Caldwell, II. Army Corps Winfield S. Hancock



Broadhead, James O.:

im Frühjahr 1861 Mitglied der Committee of Public Safety in St. Louis, Mo. (Brooksher: Bloody Hill, p. 33, 73; Parrish, William E.: Turbulent Partnership, p. 29).



Broadhead, Thornton F.:

US-BrigGen;Col, Co. F&S, 1st Regiment Michigan Cavalry (National Park soldiers M545 Roll 5). Broadhead was an uncommonly dashing Yan­kee cavalryman, whom his men called „our Federal Ashby) (Hennessy: Return to Bull Run, p. 42).


Gen Buford, commanding the cavalry of Banks' Army Corps (now attached to the 2 Division's under the command of Gen Reno of Burnside's Corps, who had been sent from Fredericksburg to support the left wing of Pope's Army [Hennessy: Return to Bull Run, p. 39]), Pope's Army of Virginia, ordered on 17.8.1862 two of his best regiments (1st Michigan and 5th New York Cavalry) unter the command of Col Broadhead, to cross the Rapidan at Racoon Ford „to watch all approaches from Louis Court House and Hanover Junction toward the Rapidan“ (Hennessy: Return to Bull Run, p. 41-42).


BrigGen brevetted 30.8.1862 for 2nd Bull run (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 88).


1822 - † 2.9.1862; aus New Hampshire; US-Col 1st Michigan Cavalry am 22.8.1861. Kommandeur der Kavallerie im Battle of Kern­stown am 23.3.1862 (OR [I]: 355 [Broadhead's Report]), bestehend aus (OR 12 [I]: 346):

- 1st Squadron Pennsylvania Cavalry

- Maryland Cavalry (three companies)

- 1st Ohio Cavalry (Co. A and C)

- 1st Michigan Cavalry (detachment)


Am 30.8.1862 kam es bei 2nd Manassas zwischen der 2nd Virginia Cavalry und der 1st Michigan Cavalry unter Col. Broadhead zu einem Kavalleriegefecht, bei dem Munford einen leichten Säbelhieb über den Kopf davontrug und Col Broadhead aufgrund seiner hierbei erlittenen Verwundung am 2.9.1862 gestorben ist (Swank: Courier, p. 32-33; auch Col. Munford's Report, OR 12.2, S. 748; Boatner: Dictionary, p. 88).



- Broadhead, Thornton F. (Col, Photo between 1860 and 1862) (wikimedia accessed 27.8.2018), Archiv Ref, Bilder, American Civil War



- Broadhead, Thornton F.: Correspondence. Detroit Public Library. Detroit / Michigan



Brobst, John F.:

US-Pvt; Co. G, 25th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (National Park Soldiers 559 Roll 4).


John Franklin Brobst enlisted in the Twenty-Fifth Wisconsin Infantry from Buffalo County in September 1862, at the age of 24. After training at La Crosse and Camp Randall, WI, he was sent first to Minnesota to quell an Indian uprising, and then south to fight the Southern rebels. Throughout his wartime service, he wrote many letters to his 13-year-old girlfriend Mary Englesby back in Mondo­vi, WI. Those letters began in 1863 and continued to June, 1865, when he returned home. John served at Vicksburg, and was then sent to Helena, Arkansas, where with other soldiers he helped scout for guerillas. He captured countless geese, chickens, pigs, cows, horses, and anything else of value, but found few guerillas. In 1864, he marched with Gen. Sherman's army to Atlanta. Sickness kept John from marching through Georgia with Sherman; he remained in Atlanta in a military hospital at Kennesaw Mountain for several months. After recovery in late 1864, he travelled by steamer up the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers and then by train down into North Carolina where he rejoined his army buddies on their northern march just in time to go to Washington, DC, and march in the celebra­tory parade at the war's end. He was mustered out in Washington in June 1865 (Bost, Bill: „Well Mary,“, Homepage Brobst/Probst Family History and Genealogy, Abruf v. 5.4.2017).



- **Brobst, John F.: „Well Mary“: Civil War Letters of a Wisconsin Volunteer. ed. Lydia M. Post (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1960)



Brock, John P.:

CS-Captain; John P. Brock Cavalry of the 1st Cavalry Regiment Wise Legion, which was renamed in May 1862 as the 10th Regiment Virginia Cavalry



- Brock, John P. Muster Roll, 1861. Confederate Civil War muster roll, taken June 12, 1861, in Staunton, Virginia, of the Captain John P. Brock Cavalry of the 1st Cavalry Regiment Wise Legion, which was renamed in May 1862 as the 10th Regiment Virginia Ca­valry. Muster roll lists volunteers' rank, age, value of horses and horse equipment brought with them, and where, when and how long they joined for duty. Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 92-023).



Brockenbrough, John Boyer:

CS-Captain; zunächst 1stLt in A. Graham's Company, Virginia Light Artillery (Rockbridge Artillery) (National Park Soldiers M 382 Roll 7).


Captain 2nd Battery, Maryland Artillery (Baltimore Battery), im Battle of Antietam 17.9.1862 war Captain Brockenbrough eingesetzt an der linken Flanke von Lee's Army of Northern Virginia (Krick: Defen­ding Lee's Flank. J.E.B. Stuart, John Pelham, and Confederates on Nicodemus Heights; in: Gal­lagher: The Antietam Campaign, p. 194; Johnson/Anderson: Artillery Hell, p. 95).


Brockenbrough war Batteriechef bis Spätjahr 1862 sein Nachfolger war Captain William H. *Griffin (Wise: The long Arm of Lee, Bd. 2, S. 446).


3.4.1836 Lexington/VA - † 15.11.1901 Evanston, Uinta County, Wyoming; buried Loudon Park Cemetery, Baltimore/Maryland; Son of John White Brockenbrough (1806-1877) and Mary Calwell Boyer (1807-1893); Brother of Pvt William S. Brockenbrough, 1stLt Robert Lewis *Brockenbrough, Francis Henry Brockenbrough and Louisa Gardner Brockenbrough Semmes ( 1stLt Thomas Midd­leton *Semmes) (, Abruf v. 26.3.2018).



- Stichwort 'John Boyer Brockenbrough'



Brockenbrough, John M.:

CS-Col; Judge Brockenbrough wurde am 28.4.1861 von der Virginia Secession Convention in den Provisional CS-Congress gewählt (Ruffin, Diary II 13, 18); Regimentskommandeur 14th Virginia Infantry; Ende 1861 als Nachfolger Pickett's Befehlshaber des Be­reich Northern Neck am unteren Rappahannock (Longacre: Pickett, p. 60; Karte bei Davis Nr. 16).



Brockenbrough, Robert Lewis:

CS-1stLt; Co. C&I, Tucker's Regiment Confederate Infantry (National Park Soldiers M818 Roll 4).


Robert Lewis Brockenbrough was born October 13, 1846 in Lexington, Virginia, and died April 26, 1886 in Brunswick, Missouri. He married Mary Agnes Grasty June 12, 1876 in Austin, Texas, daughter of Rev. John Grasty, D.D., a Presbyterian minister.
He matriculated at V.M.I from Lexington, August 28, 1862, and was a cadet for two years. In the battle of New Market he was 3rd Corporal of Co. A. When Dr. Upshur delivered the address at the unveiling of the New Market Monument in 1903 he said: "In the … Read More battalion where all did well Evans, our color bearer, and the color guard, Wood, Atwill, Royster, and Brockenbrough are worthy of special commendation for their splendid valor." After the session he entered the military service and was assigned to Gen. Jos. E. Johnston's army, at the time in South Carolina. He was soon promoted to the grade of First Lieutenant and so served until the cessation of hostilities. He then entered Washington College and was graduated in 1868, being the valedictorian of his class. While a professor at the Texas Military Institute he studied law and in after years of practiced that profession in St. Louis, Mo.In his later years he was principal of the public schools in Brunswick, Mo.After a short illness he died April 26, 1886 and was buried in Mexico, Mo., beside two of his children. A handsome monument was erected to his memory by the school children of Brunswick (www.fin­, Abruf v. 26.3.2018).


Son of John White Brockenbrough (1806-1877) and Mary Calwell Boyer (1807-1893); Brother of Pvt William S. Brockenbrough, Captain John Boyer *Brockenbrough, Francis Henry Brockenbrough and Louisa Gardner Brockenbrough Semmes ( 1stLt Thomas Middleton *Semmes) (, Abruf v. 26.3.2018).



Brodnax, William Edward:

CS-Lt; zunächst 9th Regiment North Carolina State Tropps, dann 1st Regiment North Carolina Cavalry (, Abruf vom 21.8.2016; Anm.: bei National Park Soldiers nicht genannt); Bruder von Dr. Alexander John Brodnax


Urkunden Documents/Literature:

- **Lewis, Henry W. “A Candid Confederate,” 1997, by Henry W. Lewis (b. 1916) is a compilation of the letters of Brunswick Coun­ty, Virginia resident William E. Brodnax (1827-1907) to his brother John Brodnax (1830-1885), written during the war years, 1861-1865. There is additional correspondence of close family relations. The transcribed letters include annotations and comments by the editor, Henry W. Lewis. There is a great deal of information on Confederate camp life, as well as the functioning of society and the economy in a war torn country (1 vol, 178 p; Library of Viginia, Richmond/VA, Archives and Manuscripts Room, Manuscript 35318)



Bromwell, William J.:

CS-Angestellter; Distributing Clerk of the Confederate State Department (Tidwell, April 65 - Confederate Covert Action, p. 16, 20).


Bromwell führte u.a. ein Ledger (Hauptbuch), das Kopien aller von Jefferson Davis unterzeichneten Zahlungsanweisungen (war­rants) - darunter auch für den CS-Secret Service - enthielt (Chicago Historical Society: Confederate States of Amerika Secret Service Account Book [Chicago, Manuscript, ohne Datum, zitiert bei Tidwell, April 65 - Confederate Covert Action, p. 243]); Tidwell (, S. 19) zitiert den Guide to the Archives of the Government of the Confederate States of Amerika, by Henry Putney Beers (National Ar­chives Washington, 1968): "A secret service account book ... is a remnant; most of the pages habe been removed." Das Buch wurde einige Jahre später als Schmierpapier in einem Drugstore verwendet, dessen Inhaber die leeren Stellen für Notizen verwendete. Die von dem Drugstore-Inhaber wieder verwendeten Seiten wurden später herausgerissen (Tidwell, p. 20)



Bronaugh, W. C.:

CS-++++; Co. 'K' 16th Missouri Infantry (CS)



- Bronaugh, W. C. (Co. K, 16th Missouri, C.S.A): The Younger's Fight for Freedom: A Southern Soldier's Twenty Years Campaign to Open Northern Prison Doors with Anecdotes of War Days (Stephens Publishing, Columbia MO 1906)



Bronson, Ira T.:

US-1stLt; Co. I&C, 5th Regiment New Hampshire Infantry; er trat als Musician in das Regiment ein (National Park Soldiers M549 Roll 2). Im Battle of Antietam ging Bronson am 17.9.1862 im Rahmen des Regiments aus östlicher Richtung gegen die Antietam Bridge vor (Photo bei Frassanito: Antietam Photographic Legacy, p. 81). Bronson erinnerte sich später an einen CS-Scharfschützen, versteckt hinter einem Busch auf der Ostseite des Antietam Creek.Als sich Bronsom der Brücke näherte (eine CS-Verteidigungslinie von 1 mi Länge befand sich in Stellung auf der Westseite des Flusses), wurde er von dem Scharfschützen beschossen. The first shot missed, but two more rounds followed quickly, each striking the lieutenant's clothing. Realizing the danger Bronson was in, members of his Company gbegan firing at the bush, whereupon the sniper made a hasty retreat for the bridge. Miraculously, the sniper, still un­der fire, reached the brigde unharmed. In a gesture of defiance, he turned and swung his hat at the enemy infantrymen before dashing to the safety of the opposite bank (Frassanito: Antietam Photographic Legacy, p. 80; Child, William: A History of the Fifth Regiment, 132).


Der spätere Dr. Ira. T. Bronson: 31.7.1840 New York - † 15.2.1915 Sedalia, Pettis County/Missouri; beerd. Crown Hill Cemetery, Se­dalia, Pettis County/Missouri; °° Orpha Gleason Bronson (1847-1918) (www.findagrave.vom, Abruf vom 17.6.2016).



- Dr. Ira T. Bronson in späteren Jahren, Bronson als US-Officer; Grabstein mit der Angabe des militärischen Rages und Truppenteils



Broocks, John H.:

CS-Major, 27th Texas Cavalry (Bearss, Vicksburg Campaign, I, S. 90). Das Regiment gehörte im November / Dezember 1862 unter LtCol Hawkins bei der Abwehr von Grant's Stoß entlang der Mississippi Central Railroad zu John S. *Griffith's Cavalry Brigade (Be­arss: Vicksburg Campaign, vol. I S. 90).



Brooke, John R.:

-++General; Col John R. Brooke befehligte nach der Schlacht von Fredericksburg am 13.12.1862 das Begräbniskommando (Rear­don, Carol: "Humphreys's Pennsylvania Division"; in: Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, p. 105).



Brooke, William Rawle:

US-LtCol; eigentlich Rawle William Brooke; er änderte die Reihenfolge seiner Vornamen nach dem Krieg, und wird teilweise mit William Brooke-Rawle (Wittenberg: Protecting the Flank Gettysburg. The Battles of Brinkerhoff's Ridge and East Cavalry Field, July 2-3, 1863, p. 188) angegeben. In Gettysburg Lt ++++


"William Rawle Brooke (he reversed the order of his surname after the war) was the scion of a distinguished Philadelphia family and a nineteen-year-old senior at the University of Pennsylvania when he obtained a commission as a second Lieutenant in Company C, 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry, midway through the Civil War. Diminuative and babyfaced, he went south in May 1863 to take command of a platoon of bearded veterans, some of whom were more than twice his age. Despite a dearth of military experience, he established himself as a popular officer, primarily because he was not afraid to lead in battle. Late that spring and early in the summer he found himself immersed in a whirlpool of conflict, but he escaped without serious injury. He returned home in 1865 as a battle-tempered veteran of twenty-one, with the brevet of Lieutenant colonel and an opportunity for a Regular Army commission. He "threw up" the appointment, entered law school, and became a respected member of the Philadelphia bar. Late in life he served as an officer on the board of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania (which his ancestors had helped establish), and in his spare hours he wrote memoirs and historical monographs.


In 1877 Brooke Rawle penned one of the first in-depth studies of cavalry service in the Pennsylvania campaign, "The Right Flank at Gettysburg," one of a series of war reminiscences published in the Philadelphia Weekly Times. Later reprinted in pamphlet form and as part of a book-length compilation, the account brought him into contact with many troopers on both sides and influenced him to write other works on the topic, some of which appeared in the prestigious Journal of the United States Cavalry Association. He also became a prime mover behind the 1880 Congressional appropriation for the resurveying of the Gettysburg battlefield to include ca­valry battle terrain on government maps. And soon after the turn of the twentieth century he edited the chronicle of his regiment's war career, destined to be recognized as one of the finest Civil War unit histories ever published.


In addition to producing a wealth of material on the cavalry at Gettysburg, Brooke Rawle bequeathed to later generations a vast body of literature on the war in general. He and other comrades of the 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry were charter members of the Military Or­der of the Loyal Legion of the United States, a Union officers' patriotic and fraternal organization established in Philadelphia in 1865. Over the next several years the legionnaires stocked the local commandery's War Library with twelve thousand volumes, as well as with letters, diaries, memoirs, photographs, and artifacts covering all phases of the conflict - many dealing with cavalry operations. Through such efforts the War Library (heute: William Brooke Rawle Collection at the Historical Society of Philadelphia) became one of the largest repositories of Civil War literature in the country. Today, housed at 1805 Pine Street, Philadelphia, it remains an inva­luable source of information for Civil War researchers." (aus Longacre: The Cavalry at Gettysburg, p. 9/10)



- Brooke, William Rawle (Capt, 3rd PA Cavalry): History of the Third Pennsylvania Cavalry, Sixtieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volun­teers, in the american Civil War, 1861-1865 (Philadelphia, 1905) (Nevins describes this as "An exceptionally full, day-by-day chro­nicle of the regiment first commanded by William W. Averell; indispensable for an insight into Eastern cavalry operations throughout the four years of war.")

- Brooke, William Rawle: Diary, 1863 and Correspondence. War Library, National Commandery, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Philadelphia / Pennsylvania



Brooks, Edward:

US-Pvt; Co. H, 1st Regiment Wisconsin Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 4).



Brooks, Edward P.:

US-Adjutant; Co. D, F&S, 6th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry; Brooks trat als Quartermaster Sergeant in das Regiment ein (National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 4).


1863 Adjutant 6th Wisconsin Infantry (Martin: Gettysburg, p. 131; Dawes: Full Blown Yankee, p. 169)



Brooks, Noah:

US-Journalist; aus Maine; Civil War Correspondent. Brooks kannte Lincoln noch aus dessen Zeit in Illinois persönlich; er war der einzige Korrespondent in Washington, der persönliche Beziehungen zu Präsident Lincoln unterhielt; er begleitete Lincoln wiederholt zur Front. Im zweiten Kriegsjahr war Brooks Reporter des 'Sacramento Union' in Washington (Andrews, p. 54).



- Andrews, J. Cutler: The North Reports the Civil War, p. 54, 342-43, 432-433- 522-523

- **Brooks, Noah: Mr. Lincoln's Washington: Selections of the Writings of Noah Brooks, Civil War Correspondent; ed. P. J. Stau­denraus (South Brunswick. N.J.: Thomas Yoseloff, 1967)

- **Brooks, Noah: Washington in Lincoln's Time (New York: The Century Co., 1896)

- **Brooks, Noah: Lincoln Civil War Dispatches of Noah Brooks, edited by Michael Burlingame (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998)



Brooks, Preston S.:

1857; aus South Carolina; Abgeordneter im US-Congress; Verwandter von Senator Andrew Pickens Butler. Charles *Sumner hielt wegen der Zustände in Kansas am 20.5.1856 eine Rede im Senat, die unter der Bezeichnung "The Crime against Kansas" berühmt wurde. In dieser griff er u.a. den abwesenden Senator Andrew Pickens *Butler persönlich in beleidigender Weise an. Er wurde des­halb von einem Verwandter Butlers, dem South Carolina Kongressabgeordneten Preston S. *Brooks im Senat angegriffen, niederge­schlagen und derart schwer verletzt, daß er erst nach dreijähriger Genesungszeit wieder in der Lage war, seinem Amt als Senator nachzugehen (Randall, Civil War and Reconstruction, p. 139). Während seiner Erkrankung wurde sein Sitz im US-Senat freigehalten, Sumner selbst in Absentia in Massachusetts wieder in den Senat gewählt. Der Sumner-Brooks Vorfall war eines der her­ausragenden Ereignisse der 1850er Jahre, er rief Stürme der Entrüstung im Norden hervor und wurde insb. von den Abolitionisten als Beweis für die Barbarei im Süden angesehen. Im Süden selbst erhielt Brooks dagegen Beifall (Randall, p. 140; Curtis: 24th Michigan, p. 15).



Brooks, Ulysses Robert:

CS-Pvt; Co. B, 6th Regiment South Carolina Cavalry (Aiken's Partisan Rangers) (National Park Soldiers M381 Roll 4); dagegen gibt Priest (Priest: Battle of South Mountain, p. 405 Literaturverzeichnis) an, Brooks sei Angehöriger der 1st N.C. Cav. gewesen.



- **Brooks, Ulysses Robert (6th S. Carolina Cavalry): "Butler and his Cavalry, 1861-1865 (Jim Fox Books; Reprint of 1911 title) 594 pp; covers Butler in Hampton Legion, 2nd Cavalry and "Butler's Brigade" of the 4th, 5th and 6th S. Carolina Cavalry. Covers cam­paigns of 1864 and Carolinas Campaign of 1865; Bibliothek Ref ameridownload Brooks (Butler and his Cavalry)

- **Brooks, Ulysses Robert: Stories of the Confederacy (The State Co., Columbia, S.C., 1912). The book contains auch: Rea, D.: Sketches From Hampton's Cavalry in the Summer, Fall and Winter Campaigns of '62 including Stuart's Raid into Pennsylvania ans Also in Burnside's Rear (Strother and Co., Raleigh, 1863); Bibliothek Ref ameridownload Brooks (Stories)

- **Brooks, Ulysses Robert: Papers, 1861 (1902-1908) 1911. Many items. The contain letters of General Matthew C. Butler. They contain his Civil War Reminiscenses and were used by Brooks in his articles, many of which in the collection as clippings. Manus­cript Division, Duke University Library, Durham, North Carolina



Brooks, William H.:

CS-Major (Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, p. 335), nach a.A. dagegen Col (Evans: Confederate Military History; vol X: Louisiana and Ar­kansas, p. 70); 1st Arkansas Cavalry Battalion. Im Frühjahr 1862 während der Pea Ridge Campaign gehörte das 1st Arkansas Cavalry Battalion zu BrigGen James M. *McIntosh's Cavalry Brigade in Benjamin *McCulloch's Division, Van Dorn's Army of the West (Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, p. 335). Am 23.2.1862 stand Brooks mit dem 1st Arkansas Cavalry Battalion auf Vorposten bei *Fayette­ville/Arkansas und wurde von US-Truppen unter Gen. *Asboth (4th Missouri Cavalry, 5th Miss­ouri Cavalry und 1st Missouri Flying Battery) aus Richtung *Bentonville / Arkansas (Curtis' Pea Ridge Campaign) angegriffen (Evans: Confederate Military History; vol X: Louisiana and Arkansas, p. 70).



Brooks, William Thomas Harbaugh „Bully":

US-BrigGen; 28.1.1821 New Lisbon/Ohio - † 19.7.1870 Huntsville/Alabama


Brooks was born in New Lisbon (now Lisbon), Ohio, and was educated in public schools. He graduated from the United States Mili­tary Academy, ranking 46th out of 52 students in the Class of 1841. Appointed a second lieutenant, he served on garrison and frontier duty. Brooks saw combat in both the Seminole and Mexican-American Wars. He participated in the battles of Battle of Palo Alto and the Battle of Resaca de la Palma in 1846. He saw considerable action in the Battle of Monterrey, and received a brevet to captain for "gallant and meritorious conduct." The following year, Brooks was at the Siege of Vera Cruz, the Battle of Cerro Gordo, the Skirmish of Ocalaca, the Battle of Contreras, and Battle of Churubusco. He was received a brevet promotion to major, August 20, 1847, for gallant and meritorious conduct at Contreras and Churubusco. He served on the staff of Gen. David E. Twiggs for the rest of the war. He was promoted to Captain, 3rd Infantry, November 10, 1851, then served on frontier duty in the New Mexico Territory until 1858, at times skirmishing with local Navajos. He then served at Fort ClarkTexas, until 1861, when he returned to the East for garrison duty at Fort Hamilton, New York, where he was stationed when the Southern states seceded (


With the outbreak of the Civil War, Brooks was appointed brigadier general of volunteers in September 1861. He commanded the 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division of the IV Corps in the Peninsula Campaign, and the 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division of the VI Corps at the Seven Days Battles, where he was wounded at the Battle of Savage's Station. Recovering, he resumed command of his brigade for the Maryland Campaign and led his men at Crampton's Gap, where they captured a Confederate battle flag belonging to the 16th Virginia Infantry. At the Battle of Antietam, Brooks's brigade was mainly in reserve, although under "galling fire of both artillery and sharpshooters" for 48 hours. Prom(http://en.wi­ to divisional com­mand, Brooks led the 1st Division of VI Corps at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville (http://en.wi­ Wil­liam_T._H._Brooks).


W.T.H. Brooks, long known in the old army as „Bully“ for his ill-mannered ways, was so loud in his denunciations (gegen Burnsi­de nach dem Battle of Fredericksburg), that Burnside had him arrested for insubordination and „using language tending to demoralize his command“ (Sears: Controversies and Commanders, p. 150; Meade: Life and Letters, vol. I, 344; Burnside General Orders Nr. 8 (unissued), OS 21, 998). On 8.1.1863 Brooks should be dismissed from the army by MajGen Burnside and asked President Lincoln for approval (Sears: Chancellorsville, p. 21-22).


Ab Juni 1863 Militärkommandeur des neu geschaffenen US-Militärbezirks der *Militia in Pennsylvania, des *Depart­ment of the Mo­nongahela, mit Hauptquartier in Pittsburg (Coddington. The Gettysburg Campaign, p. 134).


In June 1863, he was promoted to major general of volunteers, but this was later revoked. This demotion has been blamed on Brooks's being involved in intrigues by VI Corps commanders against Maj. Gen. Ambrose Burnside after Fredericksburg (s. hierzu Sears Contraversies and Commanders, p. 150). During the Gettysburg Campaign, he commanded the Department of the Monongahe­la, with his head­quarters in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He supervised the construction of a series of earthworks to protect the city from a possible Con­federate raid. Returning to field duty in the late spring of 1864, Brooks commanded the 1st Division of XVIII Corps at Cold Harbor and Petersburg. In July 1864, he was forced to resign from the Army due to poor health and returned home (http://en.wi­


After the war, Brooks retired to Alabama and established a farm. He died in Huntsville, Alabama, and is buried there in Maple Hill Cemetery (



- Mackowski/White: Chancellorsville's Forgotten Front, p. 40



Broome, James Andrew:

27.11.1839 La Grange, Troup County/Georgia - † 7.5.1917 Troup County/Georgia (; Sohn von Ru­fus Broome (1783-1855) und Nancy Williams Pitts Broome (1798-1855); jüngster Bruder von John Rufus Broome und George W. Broo­me (


CS-LtCol, Co. D, F, S, 14th Alabama Infantry Regiment; Broome trat als Captain in das Regiment ein (National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 6). Broome wurde am 8.7.1862 zum Major befördert ( military/ civilwar/ rosters/14th infantry.txt).


Im Battle on Antietam war Major James A. Broome Regimentskommandeur des 14th Alabama Infantry Regiment , Pryor's Brigade, Anderson's Division, Longstreet's Right Wing, Army of Northern Virginia (National Park Soldiers, historyculture/anv-right-wing1.htm).


In der Schlacht von Manassas Second / Second Bull Run, Virginia, August 28-30, 1862 hatte LtCol Broome die Führung des 4th Ala­bama Infantry Regiment, Pryor's Brigade inne (


Im Battle of Gettysburg Juli 1863 übernahm LtCol Broome, nach der Verwundung des Regimentskommandeurs Col. L. Pinckard, die Führung des 14th Alabama Infantry Regiments (; auch Longstreet: From Ma­nassas to Appomattox, p. 370).


Im Battle of Wilderness 5.-7.5.1864 wurde LtCol Broome schwer verwundet und verlor ein Bein (http://www.civilwarintheeast. com/CSA/AL/14AL.php).


"Col. Broome was educated at Virginia Military Institute. Raised a company near Milltown, Alabama. He was elected Capt. of Com­pany D of the 14th Alabama infantry under command of Col. Thomas J. Judge. He was mustered at Auburn, Alabama in July of 1861 and in the Fall was ordered to Virginia where he served in the army of North Virginia. Capt. Broome was a gallant participant and rose to the rank of Major and then to Lt. Col. His battles include; 2nd Manassas, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg and Gettysburg. He was wounded seriously at Wilderness in 1864 when a minnie ball crushed his left knee and his leg was amputated. He returned home to Macon, GA then moved to LaGrange, GA. Broome was married twice. First to Mary G. Robinson, they had one child; second to Mary Ida Cary, they had four children. Broome was a Methodist" (

Like so many other Southerners, he removed south to Brazil following Civil War, was found as proprieter of the "Government Hou­se"which was the reception center for new arrivals in Brazil. Upon return to La Grange, Georgia, James became a farmer (http://ww­



Brotzmann, Edward:

US-Lt; Battery C 1st Missouri Light Artillery (Mann's Missouri Artillery); die Battery bestand aus Dutchman (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 110); in der Shiloh Campaign und im Battle of Shiloh am 6./7.4.1862 gehörte die Battery unter Führung von Lt Edward *Brotzmann zur 4th Division BrigGen Stephen A. Hurlbutt in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee. Nach Beginn der Schlacht marschierte die 4th Divi­sion BrigGen Stephen A. Hurlbutt bei Sarah Bell's Field auf, mit 1st Brigade Col Nelson G. *Williams in Front nach Sü­den und rechtwinklig aufgestellt mit Front nach Westen 3rd Brigade BrigGen Jacob C. Laumann. Mann's Missouri Battery fuhr an der Schnittstelle zwischen beiden Brigaden auf; die Battery von Captain William H. Ross (Battery B 2nd Michigan Artillery) bezog Stel­lung in der Front von 1st Brigade Col Nelson G. *Williams (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 192).



Brown, +++

US-Major; Assistant Adjutant-General; während des McDowell Court of Inquiry (OR Ser. I Vol 12/1 S. 44 ff) war Brown Zeuge (OR Ser. I Vol 12/1 S. 61).



Brown, A. F.:

CS-Col; Mitglied im Stab von Gen Van Dorn; Teilnahme an Van Dorn's Raid gegen Holy Springs im Dezember 1862.



- **Brown, A. F.: „Van Dorn‘s operations in Northern Mississippi; Recollections of a Cavalry man,“ Southern Historical Society Pa­pers, vol 6 (1878), S. 151-161



Brown, Albert Gallatin:

partikularistischer Senator aus Mississippi; 1850 beteiligt zusammen mit Jefferson Davis an den Auseinandersetzungen um den *Mis­souri Compromise (Foote: Civil War, Bd. 1, S. 13). Brown vertrat die Interessen der kleinen Farmer in Mississippi Südens gegen die Inter­essen der großen Plantagenbesitzer (Nevins: Emergence of Lincoln, vol. I, S. 8). Brown traf am 5.1.1861 zur Vor­bereitung des CS-Gründungskon­gresses vom Februar 1861 und zur Vorbereitung der Entscheidung über die Sezession mit Jefferson *Davis u.a. anderen zusammen (Davis: A Government of Our Own, p. 12).



- **Ranck, J. B.: Albert Gallatin Brown: Radical Southern Nationalist (D. Appleton-Century, 1937)



Brown, Alexander C.:

US-Pvt; Co. H, 1st Regiment Ohio Infantry (National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 13).


Brown geriet im September 1863 bei Chickamauga in Kriegsgefangenschaft, placed in Belle Isle and Libby Prisons in Virginia, later he endured the infamous Andersonville Prison before his release at the war's end in 1865 (Potter: Sultana Tragedy, p. 9-10).



Brown, Alonzo L.:

US-Corporal; Co. B, 4th Regiment Minnesota Infantry (National Park Soldiers M546 Roll 1).



- **Brown, Alonzo L: History of the Fourth Regiment of Minnesota Infantry Volunteers during the Great Rebellion, 1861-1865 (St. Paul, 1892) (Archiv Ref download Minnesota 4th Infantry)



Brown, Baylis E.:

CS-Captain; Co. B, 4th Regiment Alabama Infantry; Brown mustered in as Sergeant (National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 6); auch Bayless C. Brown; † 5.-7.1864 im Battle of Wilderness (­fantry, Abruf vom 26.8.2016).



Brown, B. F.:

CS-Pvt; Co. B, 38th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 5).



- Brown, B. F.: „Some Recollections of Gettysburg,“ Confederate Veteran (1923), vol. 31, p. 55



Brown, Benjamin Gratz:

US-Col, 1826-85; gründete 1852 zusammen mit Francis P. Blair den St. Louis "Democrat" (Snead; in B&L I S. 263), eine radikal für die Sklavenbefreiung eintretende Zeitung (Foner: Reconstruction, p. 41); im Juni 1861 Col. 4th Regiment Missouri Home Guards (Brooksher: Bloody Hill, p. 83) unter *Sweeney bei Rolla, Mo. in Südwest Missouri zum Schutz der Paci­fic Railroad eingesetzt (Brooksher: Bloody Hill, p. 83; Karte bei Brooksher, p. 84). Im August 1861 kommandier­te Brown die Missouri-Truppen im Bereich Ironton, Mo. (Grant, Memoirs, p. 135-36; Catton: Grant moves South, p. 19); Grant löst mit seinen Truppen die Home Guards von Brown auf (Catton: Grant moves South, p. 19); im November 1863 wurde Brown bei den Wahlen in Missouri zum US-Senator ge­wählt (Basler: Collected Works of Lincoln, vol. VII, p. 13: Brief Lincoln's an Jameson vom 13.11.1863). Später Governor von Miss­ouri; 1872 Vizepräsidentschaftskandidat der Liberal Republi­can and Democratic Parties; unterlag gegen Grant bei dessen zweiter Wahl zum Präsidenten.



- Peterson, Norma L.: Freedom and Franchise: The Political Career of B. Gratz Brown (Columbia, Mo., 1965)



Brown, Benson:

US-Captain; Co. C 9th New Jersey Infantry Regiment



Captain Benson Brown, ca. 1863, VMI Archive Lexington



Brown, Campbell George:

CS-Col (Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, p. 38, 499 Anm. 49); Sohn der Lizinska Campbell *Ewell, der Ehefrau von Lt­Gen Richard S. *Ewell, aus deren erster Ehe mit Percy Brown (Genealogie bei Pfanz: Ewell, p. 506-507); Stabschef Ewell's im Sommer 1862 im Stab von MajGen Richard Ewell; im Battle of Cedar Mountain kritisierte Brown den Einsatz der Artille­rie durch Stapleton *Crutch­field, Jackson's Chief of Artillery (Krick, Cedar Mountain, p. 52).



- **Brown, Campbell: Campbell Brown's Civil War: With Ewell and the Army of Northern Virginia (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2001)

- **Brown, Campbell G.: Manuscript note, Brown-Ewell Papers, Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville / Tennessee

- **Brown, Campbell G.: Memoir, Brown-Ewell Papers, Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville / Tennessee

- **Brown, Campbell: Journal; Copy in Brak Collection USMHI

- **Polk, Ewell, Brown Papers: Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina



Brown, Charles S.:

US-Lt. And Adjutant; Co. F&S, 21st Regiment Michigan Infantry (National Park Soldiers M545 Roll 5).



- **Brown, Charles S.: Papers 1746-1865. 30 items. Lt. Brown wrote clever, informative letters. Manuscript Division, Duke Univer­sity Library, Durham/NC



Brown, Clarence:

US-Major, Aide de Camps von Gen. McDowell; während des McDowell Court of Inquiry (OR Ser. I Vol 12/1 S. 44 ff) war Brown Zeuge (OR Ser. I Vol 12/1 S. 60, 75).



Brown, Daniel:

CS-+++, aus North Carolina +++klären+++



- **Brown, Daniel: Letter to Wife 10.5.1863, in: Brown, Isaac: Papers. North Carolina Division of Archives and History



Brown, Edmund Randolph:

US-Corporal; Co. C, 27th Regiment Indiana Infantry (National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 9).



- **Brown, Edmund Randolph: The Twenty-seventh Indiana Volunteer Infantry in the War (Monticello, Inc., 1899)



Brown, Edward Norphlet:

CS-Pvt (?); 45th Regiment Alabama Infantry (Noe: Perryville, p. 338



- **Brown, Edward Norphlet (Pvt. 45th Alabama Infantry): Letters; Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery/ Alabama



Brown, Edwin:

US-Pvt; 81st Ohio Infantry (Castel: Decision in the West, p. 388)



- **Brown, Edwin: Diary 1864 (US-Army Military History Research Collection, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania)



Brown, Egbert B.:




Brown, Elon Francis:

US- +++klären+++ Iron Brigade (Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, p. 23 iVm. S. 224n23)



- **Brown, Elon Francis (Iron Brigade): Papers. State Historical Society of Wisconsin



Brown, Ephraim E.:

US-Sergeant; Co. B&C, 64th Regiment New York Infantry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 16).


Im Battle of Antietam eroberte Brown an der Bloody Lane eine CS-Battle Flag (McPherson: Crossroads of Freedom. Antietam, p. 4). Brown beschreibt die Situation nach der Schlacht in seinem 19.9.1862: „Today I was given detaile to burry [sic.] the Dead Rebels, just where I captured the flag at 2:00 of the 17th. 12 length of fence being counted off for my station & and in 10 rods [55 yards] we have piled and burried 264 … & 4 Detailes has been obliged to do likewise, it was a Sight I never want to encounter again“ (zitiert bei McPherson: Crossroads of Freedom. Antietam, p. 4; Faust: This Republic of Suffering, p. 67).



- **Brown, Ephraim E.: 64th New York file Antietam National Battlefield



Brown, George Campbell:

CS-Col; Mitglied im Stab von Ewell's Brigade ab Juli 1861 (Pfanz: Ewell, p. 131-33); First Lt und aide-de-camp Ewell's (Pfanz: Ewell, p. 134); ab +++ Stabschef *Ewell's (Krick: Cedar Mountain, p. 32, 52; Pfanz: Ewell, p. 357); wurde durch die Heirat seiner Mutter Lizinska Campbell Brown (s. Lizinska Campbell *Ewell) mit MajGen Ewell (Pfanz: Ewell, p. 275) der spätere Stiefsohn des Generals (Krick: Cedar Mountain, p. 32, 61).



- Pfanz: Ewell, p. 133



- Brown, George Campbell: Memoir; in: Brown/Ewell Papers: Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville / Tennessee

- Brown, George Campbell: "Personal Narrative"; May-August 1885 Folder; Box 3, Hunt Papers, Library of Congress, Washington / D.C.

- **Jones, Terry L. [ed.]: Campbell Browns Civil War. With Ewell and the Army of Northern Virginia (Louisiana State University Press, 2001)



Brown, George H.:

US-Captain; 22nd Wisconsin Infantry; Brown unterzeichnete am 11.7.1863 den Antrag auf Einleitung eines Kriegsgerichtsverfahrens gegen Regimentskommandeur Col Utley (Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, p. 128).



Brown, George W.:

Bürgermeister von Baltimore; er war Bürgermeister z. Zt. der Baltimore Riots von 1861 (Burlingame/Ettlinger: Inside Lincoln's Whi­te House. The Complete Civil War Diary of John Hay, p. 3). Brown wurde am 21.9.1861 wegen Illoyaltität und Unterstüt­zung des Südens verhaftet (Burlingame/Ettlinger: Inside Lincoln's White House. The Complete Civil War Diary of John Hay, p. 271 Anm. 9).



Brown, H. A.:

CS-LtCol; 1863 Regimentskommandeur 1st North Carolina Infantry / Brigade George H. Steuart / Division MajGen Edward Johnson / II. Army Corps Ewell / Lee's Army of Northern Virginia (Pfanz: Gettysburg, p. 460)



Brown, Henri Le Fevre:

US-Sergeant; Co. B, 72nd Regiment New York Infantry



- Brown, Henri Le Fevre: History of the Third regiment, Excelsior brigade, 72d New York volunteer infantry, 1861-1865, compiled by Henri Le Fevre Brown, Sergeant Company B. [Jamestown Journal print, co.], 1902.



Brown, Henry W.:

US-Col; Captain, Co. H, 3rd Regiment New Jersey Infantry, later Col, Co. F&S, 3rd Regiment New Jersey Infantry (National Park Soldiers M550 Roll 3).


During the Chancellorsville Campaign, Brown commanded 3re Brigade (Kearney's Brigade), 2nd Division (Howe), VI Corps Sedg­wick (Mackowski/White: Chancellorsville's Forgotten Front, p. 43).



Brown, J.:

CS-Pvt (?); Co. ?, 10th Regiment Georgia Infantry; † Richmond; beerd. im Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond/VA (www. findagrave.c­om).



Brown, J.:

CS-Pvt (?); Co. A, 6th Regiment Alabama Infantry; † Virginia; beerd. im Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond/VA (www. findagrave. Com).



Brown, James:

CS-Pvt (?); Co. B, 12th Regiment Mississippi Infantry; † Richmond City; beerd. im Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond/VA Plot: Sec. B, Row J, Grave 41 (www. Anm.: ein James Brown ist allerdings im Roster des 12th Regiment Mississippi Infan­try nicht aufgeführt.



Brown, James H.:

CS-Captain; Co F 4th Alabama Infantry; verwundet im Battle of the Wilderness



Brown, James S.:

CS-Captain; J.S. Brown's Company, Virginia Light Artillery (Wise Artillery) (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 7); at first 1stLt/ Captain 1st Re­giment, Virginia Light Artillery (Pendleton's) (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 7).



Brown, J. E.:

CS-Pvt (?); ? Regiment Tennessee Infantry; † Richmond; beerd. im Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond/VA Plot: Sec. D, Row 34, Grave 8 (www.



Brown, J. F.:

CS-Pvt; Co. F, 15th Regiment South Carolina Infantry; † 5.7.1864; beerd. im Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond/VA (www. findagrave.c­om).



Brown, J. L:

CS-Pvt (?); Co. C, 25th Regiment Georgia Infantry; † Richmond; beerd. im Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond/VA (www. findagra­ve. com).



Brown, J. R:

CS-Pvt (?); Co. E, 30th Regiment North Carolina Infantry; † Richmond; beerd. im Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond/VA (www. fin­



Brown, J. Thomas:

CS-Sergeant, Co. E, 2nd Regiment Virginia Cavalry; er trat als Sergeant in die Co. E ein, später als Private genannt (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 7).



Brown, J. Thomas:

CS-Pvt (err.); Surry Light Artillery (Hankin's Company, Virginia Light Artillery; er wurde im August 1862 ausgemustert, da er ein Alter von mehr als 35 Jahren erreicht hatte (Jones: Under the Stars and Bars: Surry Light Artillery of Virginia, p. 50); Brown trat spä­ter wieder in CS-Army ein und wurde in der S.L.A. re-enlisted; er diente bis zu seinem Tod; er starb im Small-Pox Hospital in Rich­mond im Spätsommer 1864; er wurde beerdigt im Oakwood Confederate Cemetery, Richmond (Jones: Under the Stars and Bars: Surry Light Artillery of Virginia, p. 52).



Brown, J. Thompson:

CS-Junior 1stLt; Co. D, Nelson's Battalion Confederate Artillery (National Park Soldiers M818 Roll 4), auch Captain Parker's Company Virginia Light Artillery


see also Col John Thompson *Brown



Brown, J. Willard:

US-Sergeant; Signal Corps (Regular Army) (National Park Soldiers M233 Roll 29).



- **Brown, J. Willard: The Signal Corps U.S.A. in the War of the Rebellion (U.S. Veteran Signal Corps Association: Boston, 1896)



Brown, Jesse:

CS-Pvt, Co. B, 37th Regiment North Carolina Infantry; Enlisted: Pvt., Co. B, 37th North Carolina Infantry. When: Sept. 14, 1861. Where: Boone, Watauqa, Co., N.C.. Company Muster Rolls: Jan. to April 1862 present. Remarks: Reenlisted for 2 additional years. June 1862 Remarks: Died at Richmond 15 July 1862 from wounds received at Gaines Mille June 27, 1862. Description: Where born: Watauqa Co., N.C.. Age 22 years, occupation Farmer, height 5 feet, 10 inches high. 


1839 Watauga County/NC - † 15.7.1862 Richmond an den Folgen einer schweren Verwundung erlitten im Battle of Gaines Mill am 27.6.1862; beerd. Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond/VA (www.



Brown, Joel W.:

CS-Pvt; Co. K, 26th Regiment Virginia Infantry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 7); † Richmond/VA; beerd. Oakwood Ceme­tery, Richmond/VA (www.



Brown, John:

CS-Pvt; Co. K, 37th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 5); Enlisted Co. K, 37th NC Inf.; Born in Wilkes Co., Res. of Alleghany Co., where he enlisted on 9/15/61, age 25. † 9.6.1862 in camp near Richmond, VA on 6/9/62; Believed to be buried Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond/VA. Believed to be buried in unmarked grave. He is not on the list of known CSA sol­diers buried there (www.



Brown, John sen.:

s. auch *Pottawatomie Massacre


religiöser Fanatiker John Brown (aus Torrington/CT), Landspekulant und militanter Abolitionist [von »to abolish« = abschaffen], Verrückter für die einen, Heiliger für andere; Brown war vor Ausbruch des Krieges ab Mitte der 50er Jahre im Kansas Territory als Abolitionist tätig und führte im Dezember 1858 einen Raid als Rachefeldzug nach Missouri aus (Castel, Quantrill, p. 11-21; Randall: The Civil War and Reconstructions, p. 139; Brooksher, Bloody Hill, p. 17 ff).


Zwischen 1855 und 1861 kam es wiederholt zu blutigen, kriegsähnlichen Auseinandersetzungen zwischen Abolitionisten (darunter John Brown) und den Befürwortern der Sklavenhaltung, die die sog. Border Ruffians bildeten und vor Mord und Totschlag nicht zu­rückschreckten (McPherson: Für die Freiheit, Kap. 5 S. 134 ff; Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother, p. 72 f.). 1856 kam hier­bei u.a. zum sog. *Wakarusa War (Randall: Civil War and Reconstruction, p. 137; Robinson, Charles: The Kansas Conflict, New York 1892; Robinson, Sara: "The Wakarusa War", Kansas Historical Review, X [1907-08], S. 457-71; Williams, p. 39 ff) und zur Bu­ford Expedition (Randall: Civil War and Reconstruction, p. 136; Fleming, Walter J.: "The Buford Expedition to Kansas," Am. Hist. Rev. VI, 38-48 [Oct., 1900]).


Brown besetzte am 16.10.1859 mit 21 Helfern das Bundesarsenal in *Harpers Ferry, dessen rund 100 000 Waffen einen Sklavenauf­stand bewaffnen sol­len. Heimwehren drängen Brown ins Feuerwehrhaus ab (in Zukunft: John Brown’s Fort). 36 Stunden nach dem Handstreich fällt Brown Marineinfanteristen und Miliz unter Oberst Robert E. Lee und Lt. James E. B. Stuart in die Hand. John Brown, dem Ankläger Mord, Verrat und Aufruf zur Rebellion vorwerfen, wird in Charles Town/WV gehenkt (2.12.). Zum Schutz der Hinrichtung sind 2 000 Soldaten und die Kadetten des Virginia Military Institut aus dem nahegelegenen Staunton aufgeboten, darunt­er ein gewisser John W. Booth von den „Richmond Grays“. Im Norden läuten die Kirchenglocken, der Süden sieht sich in seiner Ab­neigung gegenüber den Yanks bestärkt (Längin, S. 30). Photo bei Längin S. 30;


John *Brown plante einen Teil seiner Attacke auf Harper's Ferry im Spätsommer 1859 in Chambersburg (Karte zu den Aktionen von John Brown im Spätsommer/Frühherbst 1859 in der Region Chambersburg, Chambersburg, Chambers of Commerce, "Southern Re­venge," , S. 13).


Brown überfiel am 16.10.1859 an der Spitze von 18 Bewaffneten zur Nachtzeit die virginische Stadt Harper's Ferry, bemächtigte sich des dort gelegenen Bundesarsenal und kündigte an, daß er auf eigene Faust die Sklaven in Virginia befreien wollte. Er entsandte Pa­trouillen, ließ eine Anzahl von Plantagenbesitzer in Virginia als Geiseln einbringen und wartete auf die Sklaven, welche wie e meinte, ihm massenhaft zulaufen würden und die dann mit den Waffen des Arsenals ausgerüstet werden sollten. Aber die Sklaven ka­men nicht. Eine Kompanie Bundestruppen, die unter dem Befehl von Major Robert E. Lee stand, stürmte das Arsenal, wobei fast die Hälf­te der Begleiter Brown's fiel, fast sämtlich Verwandte ihres Anführers (Kaufmann: Die Deutschen im amerikanischen Bürger­krieg, p. 45).


Brown wurde zum Tode verurteilt und am 2.12.1859 gehängt (Kaufmann: Die Deutschen im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, p. 46).


Lied: „John Brown's Body lays amouldring in the grave ....“ John Brown wurde im Norden als Märtyrer, im Süden als Mörder einge­stuft. Der Text des Liedes wurde im Frühling 1861 vom Mitgliedern des Daniel Webster Regiment of Massachusetts gedichtet, und mit der Melodie des Kirchenliedes „Glory, Glory, Halleluja“ verbunden.


Im Süden wurden die Folgen der Sklavenbefreiung iSv Brown's in der klassischen Propagandalüge als "a plot involving the indiscri­minate rape of innocent women, their subsequent murder, and the murder of all children" angesehen, während doch die Sklaven "were happy and contended with their lot" waren (Blackford, W. W.: War Years with Jeb Stuart, p. 12).



- Karte zu den Aktionen von John Brown im Spätsommer/Frühherbst 1859 in der Region Chambersburg bei: Chambersburg Cham­bers of Commerce, "Southern Revenge," , S. 13)



- Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother, p. 73



the extensive bibliography on Brown has been enhanced by Stephen Oates's „To Purge Land this Land with Blood: A Biography of John Brown“ (New York: Harper and Row, 1970) (Baker: Politics of Continuity, p. 25n26).


- Boyer, Richard O.: The Legend of John Brown (New York: Knopf, 1973)

- Castel, Albert: Quantrill, Prologue, S. 11-21

- Chambersburg Chambers of Commerce, "Southern Revenge," , S. 11 ff. mit Karte über Brown's Aktionen 1959 S. 13

- Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother, p. 70 ff.

- **Douglas, Henry Kyd: I rode with Stonewall. The War Experiences of the Youngest Member of Jackson's Staff (University of North Carolina Press: Chapel Hill, 1940, 1968); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik69f, S. 1 ff (Douglas, der aus Shepherdstown, Va. stamm­te, kannte John Brown, da dieser in der Zeit vor dem Überfall auf Harper's Ferry als 'Isaac Smith' in der Nachbarschaft von Douglas' El­tern wohnte)

- Jackson, Mary Anna: Life and Letters of General Thomas J. Jackson (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1892); S. 130-32 (über die Hinrichtung von John Brown)

- Lee, Robert E.: "Report of Colonel Robert E. Lee, Report of the Select Committee of the Senate appointed to inquire into the Late Invasion and Seizure of the Public Property at Harper's Ferry" (Senate Com. Report No. 279, 1. Sess., 36th Congress, Washington, D.C., 1866), S. 40-43

- Leech, Samuel V.: The Raid of John Brown at Harper's Ferry (Washington, D.C.: De Soto Press, 1909)

- Malin, James C.: John Brown and the Legend if Fifty-Six, Philadelphia, 1942

- McClure, Alexander K.: Col. A. K. McClure - Recollections of half a Century; Salem Press, Salem 1902; (Anm. Col. Alexander McClure lebte in Chambersburg; Newspaper Editor, state legislator and vehement opposer of the slavery; Chambersburg Cham­bers of Commerce: "Southern Revenge. Civil War History of Chambersburg, Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik74 S. 6); McClure begegnete Brown im Spätsommer 1859 fast täglich (, S. 16)

- Nevins, Allan: The Emergence of Lincoln, Bd. 2, S. 5 ff.

- McClellan, Henry B.: I rode with Jeb Stuart. The Life and Campaigns of Major General J.E.B. Stuart (Reprint; Richmond 1885); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik109, S. 28 ff. (enthält einen persönlichen Bericht von Stuart)

- **Oates, Stephen B.: To Purge this Land with Blood: A Biography of John Brown (New York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1970)

- Randall: Civil War and Reconstruction, p. 138 ff, 170 ff

- Villard, Oswald Garrison: John Brown, 1800-1859, Boston 1910



Brown, John jr.:

US-Captain; Sohn von John *Brown sen., war aber nicht an dessen Handlungen in Kansas beteiligt und zog noch vor Brown's Über­fall auf Harper's Ferry von Kansas nach Ashtabula County / Ohio; 1861 stellte Brown in Ohio eine Freiwilligenkompanie auf, die später in Co. C 7th Kansas Cavalry (Jennison's Jayhawkers) aufging. 1862 Captain Co. 7th Kansas Cavalry Starr, Jennison's Jay­hawkers, p. 15-17). Aus gesundheitlichen Gründen wegen starkem Rheumatismus mußte Brown am 27.5.1862 zurücktreten (Starr, Jennison's Jayhawkers, p. 19).



Brown, John C.:

CS- Pvt (?); Co. H, 14th Regiment Alabama Infantry; † 11.3.1862; beerd. im Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond/VA (www. findagrave.c­om).



Brown, John C.:




Brown, John H.:

US-Captain, Co. D, 12th Regiment Kentucky Infantry (National Park Soldiers M386 Roll 4).


Born in 1834, he earned the Medal of Honor during the Civil War while serving in Company D, 12th Kentucky Volunteer Infantry, at Franklin, Tennessee, on November 30, 1864. The Medal was issued on February 13, 1865.



Brown, John H.:

CS-Major; Mitglied im Stab von Gen Benjamin McCulloch. Brown war ein Freund von McCulloch, war einer der letzten die Mc­Culloch, vor dessen Tod während einer Aufklärung bei Beginn der Schlacht von Pea Ridge lebend gesehen haben (Shea / Hess, Pea Ridge, p. 110).



- Brown, John H.: Letter, Houston Weekly Telegraph, August 11, 1862 (zum Tod von Benjamin McCulloch)



Brown, John J. Thompson:

CS-Sergeant; Co. E, 2nd Regiment Virginia Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 7).



Brown, John M.:

US-Captain; in the Gettysburg Campaign AAG 2nd Brigade (BrigGen Adelbert Ames / Col Andrew Harris), 1st Division (BrigGen Francis Barlow / BrigGen Adelbert Ames), XI Corps (MajGen O.O. Howard / MajGen Carl Schurz) (Baumgartner: Buckeye Blood, p. 78).



Brown, John M. C.:

CS-Pvt; Co. I, 14th Regiment South Carolina Infantry (www.


John M. C. Brown was a son of John W. and Phoebe B. S. Anthony Brown. The family was living in Lisbon, GA, where he was born, before moving across the Savannah River to Abbeville County, SC. John M. C. Brown was living here when he joined Company I of the 14th SC Regiment of Volunteers, Infantry Division. This was entered in his father's diary in 1861: "John M. C. Brown left home on Monday, 2 September, 1861, and went to Abbeville Courthouse, stayed all night for the war in Cpt. H. H. Harper's McCalla's Rifles. Tuesday, September 3 - The above John M. C. Brown left Abbeville Courthouse at 1/2 past 6 o'clock for the Aiken Camp­ground." He died of typhoid fever at Richmond,VA in Chimborazo Hospital on Thursday, July 17, 1862, and was buried at Oakwood Cemetery. This is the information I was given from the Records Office at the Cemetery: J. M. Brown, Company I, 14th S.C., buried at Oakwood Cemetery in Division C, Row R, grave #46.He had one other brother who died in the Civil War, Pvt. M. S. Brown, Co. I, 1st SC Infantry, who is buried in Charleston, SC. Their younger brother was George W. Brown, who was, too young to enlist in the war (www.


23.5.1839 Lisbon, Lisbon County/Georgia - † 17.7.1862 Church Hill, Richmond City/VA; beerd. im Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond/ VA (www.



Brown, John T.:

CS-Pvt; Co. ?, 4th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 2); auch als 'John F. Brown' genannt



Brown, John T.:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 36th Regiment Texas Cavalry (Woods') (National Park Soldiers M227 Roll 5)



Brown, John T.:

CS-Pvt; Co. D, 11th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (Woods') (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 7)



Brown, John T.:

CS-Pvt; Co. B, 18th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 7)



Brown, John Thompson:

CS-Col; Co. F&S, 1st Regiment Virginia Artillery; Brown war zunächst Captain Co. K (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 7).


Im Battle of Shepherdstown am 19.9.1862 setzte der Commander der Artillery von Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, William N. *Pendleton der Army, Brown's Artillery Battalion (unter Col. John Thompson *Brown) ein, „to guard the fords at Williamsport and Falling Water“ (Carmichael, Peter S.: „We Don't Know What on Earth to Do with Him“; in: Gallagher: Antietam Campaign, p. 264).



- Brown, J. Thompson: „The Sharpsburg Fight“; in: Richmond Times, 21.4.1895



Brown, Joseph Emerson:

CS-Governor von Georgia; 1821-95; Studium der Rechte in Yale; anschließend Abgeordneter im Georgia-Parlament; Richter am Su­perior Court; Wahl zum Governor 1857, Wiederwahl 1859, 1861 und 1863 ((Boatner: Dictionary, p. 91). enter auf; unter seiner per­sönlichen Führung wurde das Arsenal von Augusta besetzt ((Boatner: Dictionary, p. 91). Zusammen mit Robert *Toombs und Alexander Ste­phens opponierte er gegen die Regierung Davis' und dessen Art der Kriegsführung ((Boatner: Dictionary, p. 91). Brown war ein en­gagierter Vertreter der State Rights und geriet hierdurch immer wieder in Widerspruch zur CS Regierung in Richmond (Randall: Reconstruction, p. 352-53). Er protestierte wiederholt gegen die Rekrutierungspolitik der Regierung, die er in Georgia für un­nötig hielt, plädierte für eine ei­gene Georgia Armee (Randall: Reconstruction, p. 355) und zog nach dem Fall von Atlanta die Georgia Mi­litia aus dem Kommando von General Hood zurück (Brief von Brown an Hood v. 10.9.1864; abgedruckt bei Sherman: Memoirs, Bd. 2 S. 138/39). Er trat offen gegen die Aussetzung der Habeas Corpus Rule durch das Kriegs-Ermächtigungsgesetz Richmonds auf (Randall: Reconstruction, p. 355-56). Nach der Niederlage riet er zur Unterwerfung unter das Reconstruction-Programm (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 91).


Brown wechselte wiederholt die politische Richtung vom Sezessionisten zum Radical Republican und zurück zum etablierten Demo­cratic of the South und machte hierdurch eine einzigartige politische Karriere (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 91). In der Nachkriegszeit wur­de er 1868 Chief Justice des State Supreme Court von Georgia. Er trat 1870 zurück, engagierte sich bei der Eisenbahn und wurde 1880 in den US-Senat gewählt (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 91).



- **Brown, Joseph E. (Governor of Georgia): The Mountain Campaigns in Georgia (Jim Fox Books: Reprint of 1887); Paperback is­sued and signed when Brown was President of Western and Atlantic Railroad and War-time Governor; describes marches, battles and campaigns of Union and Confederate forces; maps and engravings

- **Brown, Joseph E.: Papers. Typescripts in University of Georgia, Athens

- **Brown, Joseph E.: and Elizabeth G. Brown: Brown Collection; University of Georgia, Athens



Brown, Joseph Newton:

CS-Col; Co. F&S, 14th Regiment South Carolina Infantry, entered the regiment as Captain Co. E (National Park Soldiers M381 Roll 4).



- Brown, Varina Davis: A Colonel at Gettysburg and Spotsylvania: The Life of Colonel Joseph Newton Brown (14th South Carolina Volunteers) (Butternut and Blue; Reprint of 1931 Original); Photos, Index, Maps (including fold-out)



Brown, Joseph Williard:

US-Lt; Pvt, Signal Corps, US-Volunteers (National Park Soldiers M1290 Roll 3).


Brown served as a Private, Sergeant and Lieutenant in the Signal Corps



- Brown, Joseph Williard: The Signal Corps in the War of the Rebellion (Reprint of Scarce 1896; Butternut and Blue); 916 pp; over 40 Maps; over 600 Photos; Roster; includes data on Confederate Signal Corps. Brown served as a Private, Sergeant and Lieutenant in the Signal Corps



Brown, Kellog Spencer:



- Brown, Spencer Kellogg: Spencer Kellog Brown, His Life in Kansas and his Death as a Spy, 1842-1863, As Disclosed by his Diary (Appleton, NY 1903); 1st Edition; Edited by George G. Smith



Brown, Morris:

US-Captain; Co. A, 126th Regiment New York Infantry (National Park SoldiersM551 Roll 17); , aus New York (Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettys­burg Cam­paign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, p. 23 iVm. S. 225n43). Bruder von Smith Brown (Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Bo­ritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, p. 23).


Brown was posthumously awarded on 6.36.1869 with the Medal of Honor for capturing the 14th North Carolina's flag in the Battle of Gettysburg (Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, p. 23 iVm. S. 225n43).


August 1842 - † gef. 22.6.1864 Petersburg/VA (wikipedia: Stichword Morris Brown, Jr., Abruf v. 21.2.2017).



- Brown, Morris (Captain, 126th New York Infantry): Papers. Hamilton College, Clinton/New York



Brown, Nathaniel:

US-Corporal; 133rd Pennsylvania Infantry (Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, p. 90, 93, 109 Anm. 20)



- Brown, Nathaniel: Letter vom 23.12.1862 (Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park Library, Fredericksburg, VA., 133rd Pennsylvania file)



Brown, Philip F.:

CS-Pvt; Co. C, 12th Regiment Virginia Infantry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 7).



- Brown, Philip F. (Co. C, 12th Va.): Reminiscenses of the War 1861-1865 (privately printed, 1912)



Brown, Philipp Perry, Jr.:

US-BrigGen; Col 157th Regiment New York Infantry (Hamlin: Battle of Chancellorsville, p. 40).


Born in Smithfield, New York, he graduated from Madison University in 1855 and later become the principal of the Academy of New York University. With the outbreak of the Civil War, he joined the Union Army and was appointed Colonel in command of the 157th New York Volunteer Infantry. He commanded his corps in many conflicts including the Battle of Gettysburg (see Pula: Under the Crescent Moon, vol. 2, p. 18), where he was wounded. By the end of the war, he was Colonel in command of the 7th US Veteran Volunteers and for gallant, meritorious services, he was brevetted Brigadier General of U.S. Volunteers on March 13, 1865. After the war, he operated a bakery business in St. Louis, Missou­ri, until his death at age 57 (


8.10.1823 Smithfield, New York - † 9.4.1881; beerd. Bellefontaine Cemetery, Saint Louis /MO (



Col Philipp P. Brown 1865 (



Brown, Ridgely:

CS-Major; Captain Co. A Maryland Cavalry (Swank: Courier, p. 26). 1863 Maj 1st Maryland Cavalry Battalion (Longacre, The Ca­valry at Gettysburg, p. 17).


1863 gehörte die Einheit unter Maj Harry *Gilmore zu Fitzhugh Lee's Cavalry Brigade; Stuart's Cavalry Division; Stellvertreter war, nachdem Munford die Brigadeführung übernahm LtCol James H. Watts (Longacre, The Cavalry at Gettysburg, p. 17).



Brown, Samuel B.:

CS-Captain; Co. C („Lee's Body Guard,), 39th Battalion Virginia Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 7).


At the beginning of the Gettysburg Campaign Gen. Robert E. Lee had assigned Maj John H. Richardson to his staff in June 1863 as her prepared to invade the north. The battalion included Captain Augustus P. Pifer's Company A that probably was detailed to Hill's corps, Cap­tain William F. Randolph's Company B that served with Ewell's corps, Captain Samuel B. Brown's Company C, known as „Lee's Body Guard,“ assigned to Army of Northern Virginia headquarters, and two detachments [later Company D] under Lt John W. Jack­son and Lt W. Page that possibly supported Longstreet's corps (Ryan: Spies, p. 190n14).


Although organized and trained essentially for intelligence-related activities, Lee employed the 39th Battalion during the Gettysburg Campaign 1863 in a variety of ways: accompanying engineers on reconnaissance missions, serving as couriers and scouts, perfor­ming provost duties, and guarding wagon trains (Ryan: Spies, Scouts, and Secrets in the Gettysburg Campaign, p. 264).



Brown, Simeon A.:

US-2ndLt; Co. C&G, 1st Regiment Rhode Island Cavalry; mustered in as sergeant (National Park Soldiers M555 Roll 1).


During the Chancellorsville Campaign in the Battle of Kelly's Ford on 17.3.1863 Lt Brown led the the successful charge over the Rappahannock River at Kelly's Ford (Sears: Chancellorsville, p. 86).



Brown, Thaddeus C. C.:

US-Quartermaster Sergeant; Co. I, 2nd Regiment Illinois Light Artillery (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 11, named also Thadeus C. S. Brown).



- **Brown, Thaddeus C. S., J. Murphy, and William G. Putney: “Behind the Guns”: The History of Battery I, 2nd Regiment, Illinois Light Artillery (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1965)



Brown, Washington:

US-Captain; 1836-1862; 145th Pennsylvania Infantry; gestorben nach Verwundung im Battle of Fredericksburg



- Brown, Washington: Papers, 1861-63, 1869. 0.1 cu. ft. Captain of the 145th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers. Died from wounds inflicted at the Battle of Fredericksburg (December 1862). Papers include a manuscript copy of a "personal memoir" about Brown, written in 1869 by Samuel P. Bates, Pennsylvania state historian, and various pieces of correspondence to and from Brown and his fa­mily in Erie, Pennsylvania. Also includes letters to and from his father, Conrad Brown, written after Washington's death concerning the funeral recoarrangements, and a manuscript copy of his last words. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms89-011).



Brown, William D.:

CS-Captain; Batteriechef Brown's Artillery, 4th Maryland Battery (Chesapeake Artillery); Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 (Krick: Cedar Mountain, p. 54, 69; Hotchkiss: Make me a Map, p. 306 Anm. 17; Jennings, C. Wise: The Long Arm of Lee: The His­tory of the Artillery of the Army of Northern Virginia [New York, 1941], S. 983). Brown's Battery gehörte wäh­rend Jackson's Vorstoß gegen Pope's neuaufgestellte Army of Virginia im Juli / August 1862 und beim Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9. August 1862 zu der, von A. R. *Courtney befehligten Divisionsartillerie der Division Ewell's (Krick: Cedar Mountain, p. 362; Freeman, Lee's Lieuten­ants, vol. 2, S. 29 mit Karte S. 31; OR 12.2, S. 237-38; Early, Memoirs, p. 97).



Brown, William Frederick:

CS-Captain; 1797-1862; Co. F. 12th Georgia Infantry Trimble's Brigade; das Regiment war im Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 der Brigade Jubal Early unterstellt (Krick: Cedar Mountain, p. 56, 198). Regimentskommandeur 12th Georgia Infantry im Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 (Early: War Memoirs, p. 97; Freeman, Lee's Lieutenants, vol. 2, S. 30; Krick, Cedar Moun­tain, p. 56, 57 mit Karte, 58, ). Im Battle of Cedar Mountain wurde Brown's 12th Georgia zum Schutz von Ewell's Artillery nördlich von Crittenden House links neben dem Zedernhügel im Weizenfeld eingesetzt (Freeman, p. 30 mit Karte).


1862 war Brown 65 Jahre alt (Early, p. 99). Brown ist gefallen im Battle of Chantilly am 1.9.1862 (Krick, p. 199).


Brown ist im Dooley County Census von 1850 S. 250 (National Archives Washington) erwähnt. Der Dooley County Census von 1860 S. 90 (National Archives Washington) führt Brown ebenfalls auf. Brown war Eigentümer einer großen Plantage in Dooley County, Georgia, die 1860 einen Wert von $ 39000 aufwies (Krick: Cedar Mountain, p. 199, S. 421 Anm. 61). Brown wurde geboren 1814 (Krick: Cedar Mountain, p. 421 Anm. 61; a.A. Early, p. 65, nach dem Brown 1862 65 Jahre alt war); verheiratet mit Martha Johnson, die 1860 vierzig Jahre alt war; aus der Ehe stammen 4 Söhne; zwei seiner Söhne dienten ebenfalls in Co. F. 12th Georgia Infantry (Krick: Cedar Mountain, p. 421 Anm. 61; nach Early, Memoirs, p. 99 diente nur ein Sohn als Offizier in der gleicher Kom­panie wie der Vater).



Browne, Junius H.:

US-Journalist, New York Tribune (Shea / Hess, Pea Ridge, p. 345 Anm. 10) bzw. St Louis Republican (Andrews, p. 129); Browne nahm teil am Vorstoß von BrigGen Samuel R. *Curtis' Army of the Southwest in Missouri gegen Sterling *Price im Frühjahr 1862. Browne war Parteigänger von Franz *Sigel, seine Berichte basieren auf einer Mischung von Gerüchten und verläßli­chen Informatio­nen und sind deshalb mit Vorsicht zu benutzen (Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, p. 345 Anm. 10).



- Andrews, Cutler J.: The North reports the Civil War, p. 129, 133 (Missouri Campaign 1861), 133 (defends record as army re­porter), 162 (Fort Henry Campaign), 164 (privations on Fort Donelson Campaign), 244, 249 (gunboat battle of Memphis), 250 (occu­pation of Memphis), 301 (on Southern military discipline), 384 (characterizes Grant), 393-395 (captured by Confederates), 613 (pri­son experi­ence), 613 (escapes from Salisbury prison)

- Browne, Junius H.: Four Years in Secessia: Adventures Within and Beyond the Union Lines (Hartford / Conn.: O. D. Case and Company, 1865)

- Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, p. 345 Anm. 10



Browne, William 'Constitution':

CS-Assistent Secretary of State; Chestnut bezeichnet ihn als "Constitution Browne" (Chestnut, Diary from Dixie, p. 9). Während der CS-Kabinettssitzung am 19./20.2.1862 war Browne 'acting Secretary of State' (Newton: Joseph E. Johnston and the Defense of Rich­mond, p. 27).



Browne, William M.:

CS-+++Gen; ? England - † 1884; appointed Georgia; A daily newspaper editor in Washington (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 92); an old friend of CS-President Jefferson Davis (Davis: A Government of Our Own, p. 127); he was Jefferson Davis's ADC as Col. Of CSA Cavalry; On 11.11.1864 Davis appointed him BrigGen CSA and sent him to Savannah/GA to command a brigade in Mercer's Division during Sherman's sie­ge. The Senate on 18.2.1865 refused to confirm the appointment, but he was paroled as BrigGen. After the war he was a planter and publisher, engaging in Democratic politics as well as teaching history at the University of Georgia. He wrote a biography of Alexan­der H. Stephens (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 92).



Brownell, George S.:

US-Pvt; Co. L, 1st Regiment Vermont Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M557 Roll 2). † kia 3.7.1863 Skirmish near Snyder's Farm (Gettysburg), prior the Battle of Fairfield (Gettysburg; Farnsworth's Charge) (Wittenberg: Gettysburg's Forgotten Cavalry Action, p. 26).



Browning, Orville Hickman:

1806-81; aus Quincy/Ill: US-Senator für Illinois 1861-63; persönlicher Freund Lincoln's (Burlingame/Ettlinger: Inside Lincoln's White House. The Complete Civil War Diary of John Hay, p. 280 Anm. 72).



- **Pease, Theodore Calvin and Randall, James G. (ed.): The Diary of Orville H. Browning (2 Vols, Springfield: Illinois State Histo­rical Library, 1925, 1933)



Brownlee, French:

US-+++; 36th Illinois Infantry (Shea / Hess, Pea Ridge, p. 353 Anm. 35)



- French Brownlee and John M. Turnbull Letters, Monmouth / Illinois: Atlas, 16.5.1862 and 28.5.1862



Brownlow, James Patton:

US-BrigGen; Col, Co. F&S, 1st Regiment Tennessee Cavalry (US), prior Captain Co. C (National Park Soldiers M392 Roll 2).


During Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign war Brownlow Regimentskommandeur des 1st Tennessee Cavalry Regiment in 1. Brig (Col Jo­seph B. *Dorr) in BrigGen Edward Moody *McCook's 1st Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Cumberland (Evans: Sherman's Horsemen, S. 17, S. xi). Bereits mit 22 Jahren war Brownlow eine Legende. Der Sohn des berühmten Tennessee-Unionisten William G. „Parson“ *Brownlow war einer der jüngsten Colonel der US-Armee (Evans: Sherman's Horsemen, S. 17). Brownlow besetzte am 7.7.1864 die große Insel im Chattahoochee auf Höhe von Powers Ferry, but his attempt to reach the southern bank of the Chattahoochee, was repulsed by Confederate cavalry (Evans: Sherman's Horsemen, p. 17-18 mit Karte S. 9). On 9.7.1864 Brownlow was ordered to cross the Chattahoochee at Cochran's Ford (Evans: Sherman's Horsemen, p. 27).


Bvt BrigGen 13.3.1865 for „gallant and meritorious services during the war“ (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 93;, accessed 31.1.2019).


17.12.1842 Jonesborough, Washington County, Tennessee - † 26.4.1879 Knoxville/Tennessee; buried Rest Haven Cemetery Franklin, Williamson County, Tennessee; Son of controversial Tennessee Congressman and Governor William „Parson“ G. *Brownlow and Eliza Ann O'Brien Brownlow (, accessed 31.1.2019; Evans: Sherman's Horsemen, S. 17).



Brownlow, Parson William G.:

Brownlow stammte einer armen Familie in Virginia; er wurde im Alter von 14 Jahren Zimmermann, konvertierte zur Methodist Church, war Wanderprediger in Tennessee, Virginia und North Carolina. 1839 gab er seine Wanderprediger-Tätigkeit auf, zog nach Elizabethton, Tenn. und gründete die Zeitung 'Elizabethton Whig'. Hier machte er sich seinen ersten prominenten Feind, Landon Car­ter Haynes, den künftigen CS-Senator. 1840 verlegte Brownlow seine Zeitung nach Jonesborough/Tenn. und 1849 erneut, nunmehr nach Knoxville, East Tenn. Ende der 1850er Jahre war Brownlow's "Whig" die einflußreichste Zeitung in East-Tennessee und eine der größ­ten im Süden der USA (Fisher: War at every Door, p. 12-13).


In den harten, teils mit der Waffe ausgetragenen Kämpfen mit seinen politischen Gegnern hatte sich Brownlow die Feindschaft der künftigen führenden CS-Politiker wie Ramsey, Lyon, Crozier, Churchwell, Sneed, Swan und Haynes zugezogen. Sein bedeutendster Gegner war jedoch Andrew *Johnson, der Führer der East Tennessee Democrats. (Fisher: War at every Door, p. 14).


Nach Ausbruch des Aufstandes in East Tennessee und der Zerstörung von mehreren wichtigen Eisenbahnbrücken, darunter der *Hol­ston River Bridge, am 8.11.1861 wurde Brownlow, unter dem Verdacht den Aufstand unterstützt zu haben, inhaftiert. Er wurde erst im Februar 1862 freigelassen und er wurde auf eigenen Wunsch an die Frontlinie bei Nashville verbracht, von wo ihm die Ausreise ins US-Gebiet gestattet wurde (Fisher: War at Every Door, p. 59; Brownlow: Sketches, p. 280-305).


Brownlow verkörperte den finsteren Haß auf die Rebellen und die CSA, der in East-Tennessee so verbreitet war (Foner: Reconstruct­ion, p. 17).


Brownlow wurde im März 1865 als Nachfolger des neuen US-Vizepräsidenten Andrew *Johnson zum Governor von Tennessee ge­wählt; er sicherte sich sogleich seine neu gewonnene Machtbasis durch ein neues Wahlgesetz, das bekannte Sezessionisten vom Wahlrecht ausschloß (Foner, p. 44-45).


Eliza Ann O'Brien Brownlow; father of BrigGen James Patton *Brownlow (, accessed 31.1.2019).



- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, p. 55



- **Brownlow, William G.: Sketches of the Rise, Progress and Decline of Secession with a Narrative of Personal Adventures Among the Rebels (Applegate & Co., 1862 oder Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1862)

- **Brownlow, William G. "Parson" (ed. Stephen Ash): Secessionist and other Scoundrels: Selection from Parson Brownlow's Book (LSU Press); Edited by Stephen Ash, 144 pp, Illustrated. Ash places excerpts in context and examines the life of this East Tennessee Methodist preacher and newspaper editor, who refused to renounce his Union loyalty, and who was arrested, jailed and ultimately ba­nished to the North.

- **Coulter, E. Merton: William G. Brownlow: Fighting Parson of the Highlands (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1937)

- **Humphrey, Steve: "That D - d Brownlow," Boone, N.C.: Appalachia Consortium Press, 1978



Browning, Orville Hickman:

US-Senator aus Quincy /Illinois; der konservative Judge Browning war US-Senator ab +++1862. Browning, ein enger Freund Lin­coln's wurde nach dem überraschenden Tod von Senator Stephen A. *Douglas als dessen Nachfolger Senator für Illinois (Hoeh­ling, Damn the Torpedos, p. 15; Niven: Gideon Welles, p. 405).



- Browning, Orville Hickman: The Diary of Orville Hickman Browning, ed. Theodore C. Pease and James G. Randall (2 vols, Springfield, 1925, 1933)

- Browning, Orville Hickman: "Orville Hickman Browning Transcripts" (Illinois Historical Survey, Urbana)



Bruce, Blanche Kelso:

1.3.1841 - † 17.3.1898; was a U.S. politician who represented Mississippi as a Republican in the U.S. Senate from 1875 to 1881; of mixed race, he was the first elected black senator to serve a full term.


Bruce was born into slavery in 1841 in Prince Edward County, Virginia near Farmville to Polly Bruce, an enslaved African-American woman who served as a domestic slave. His father was her master, Pettis Perkinson, a white Virginia planter. Bruce was treated comparatively well by his father, who educated him together with a legitimate half-brother. When Blanche Bruce was young, he played with his half-brother. His father legally freed Blanche and arranged for an apprenticeship so he could learn a trade. Bruce taught school and attended Oberlin College in Ohio for two years. He next worked as a steamboat porter on the Mississippi River. In 1864, he moved to Hannibal, Missouri, where he established a school for black children. In 1868, during Reconstruction, Bruce moved to Bolivar, Mississippi and bought a plantation. He became a wealthy landowner of several thousand acres in the Mississippi Delta. He was appointed to the positions of Tallahatchie County registrar of voters and tax assessor before winning an election for sheriff in Bolivar County. He later was elected to other county positions, including tax collector and supervisor of education, while he also edited a local newspaper. He became sergeant-at-arms for the Mississippi state senate in 1870 (, Stichwort Blanche Bruce, Abruf v. 5.3.2017).


In February 1874, Bruce was elected by the state legislature to the Senate as a Republican, becoming the second African American to serve in the upper house of Congress. On February 14, 1879, Bruce presided over the U.S. Senate, becoming the first African American (and the only former slave) to do so. In 1880, James Z. George was elected to succeed Bruce.At the 1880 Republican National Convention in Chicago, Bruce became the first African American to win any votes for national office at a major party's nominating convention, winning 8 votes for vice president. The presidential nominee that year was James A. Garfield, who won election. In 1881, Bruce was appointed by President Garfield to be the Register of the Treasury, becoming the first African American to have his signature featured on U.S. paper currency. Bruce was appointed as the District of Columbia recorder of deeds in 1890–93, which was expected to yield fees of up to $30,000 per year. He also served on the District of Columbia Board of Trustees of Public Schools from 1892-95. He was a participant in the March 5, 1897 meeting to celebrate the memory of Frederick Douglass which founded the American Negro Academy led by Alexander Crummell. He was appointed as Register of the Treasury a second time in 1897 by President William McKinley and served until his death in 1898 (, Stichwort Blanche Bruce, Abruf v. 5.3.2017).



- **Bruce, Blanche K.: Papers, Howard University, Washington/DC



Bruce, George A.:

US-Pvt; Co. D, 2nd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 5).



- Bruce, George A. (Bvt. LtCol +++ prüfen, ob derselbe+++): „The Strategy of the Civil War,“ Papers of the Military Historical So­ciety of Massachusetts, XIII (1913), S. 393-412

- **Bruce, George Ansom: The Twentieth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 1861-1865 (1906)

- Bruce, George Ansom: The Capture and Occupation of Richmond (Self-published, 1927)



Bruce, Sanders D.:

US-++++; ab 8.6.1863 Brigadekommandeur 1st Brigade Bruce / 3rd Division Robert S. Granger / Reserve Corps BrigGen Gordon *Granger / Army of the Cumberland (Welcher / Ligett: Coburn's Brigade, p. 107).


Brueckner, Augustus C.:

US-Major, Co. A, 73rd Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry; † 30.8.1862 im Battle of 2nd Bull Run / VA (Regimental Roster 73rd Regi­ment Pennsylvania Infantry, S. 870). Bei Hamlin (Hamlin: Battle of Chancellorsville, p. 42) heißt es zur Geschichte des 73rd Regi­ment Pennsylvania Infantry: „... it had become much reduced in numbers, as it had suffered severly at second Bull Run, where it lost both Koltes [Anm.: Col. John A. *Koltes], who acted as brigade commander, and Bruenecker, who commended the regiment in that sanguinary contest“. Kaufmann (Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, p.487) nennt ihn als „Oberstleutnant des 73. Pennsylvania Regiments in der Brigade Koltes“.



Bruenecker, George:

US-Pvt; 45th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 4).



Brueninghausen, Edward W.:

US-Major; Captain, Co. D, 58th Regiment New York Infantry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 17); at first Brueninghausen was 1stLt, Co. G, 119th Regiment New York Infantry;


During the Gettysburg Campaign 1863, Lt Brueninghausen was AAG of BrigGen Wladimir *Krzyzanowski Brigade (Pula: Under the Crescent Moon, vol. 2, p. 9).


A native of Brooklyn, and a merchant by trade, he had dark black hair. After he enlisted at New York City on August 27, 1862, he was commissioned into the 119th New York the next month on September 10. During his service with the 119th, he was an ordnance officer with the Second Brigade and an acting commissary of subsistence, acting aide-de-camp on the staff of Brevet Brigadier General W. Krzyzanowski, and acting provost marshal.

Upon his promotion to captain on December 11, 1863, he was discharged and immediately commissioned into the 58th New York. On March 13, 1865, he was brevetted to major "for gallant and meritorious service during the War." He mustered out at Nashville, Tennessee, on October 1, 1865.

In 1873, he applied for and was granted an invalid pension, certificate 128,099, In his affidavit, he stated that he suffered from and was treated for rheumatism, as well as cataracts from severe eye infections, resulting from the hardship and exposure of the Fredericksburg Campaign (Virginia) on or about December 18, 1862. He subsequently lost the sight of his left eye and the sight of the right was blurred so that he could no longer work as a clerk. He had not been treated in hospital, but by his father, Charles Brueninghausen, M.D., then surgeon of the 119th and medical inspector on the staff of General Sigel (, accessed 21.6.2019).



Brunner, Michael:

US-Corporal; Co. C, 59th Regiment Ohio Infantry (National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 13; Salecker: Disaster on the Mississippi, p. 262).


Brunner geriet im September 1863 bei Chickamauga in Kriegsgefangenschaft, placed in Belle Isle and Libby Prisons in Virginia, la­ter he endured the infamous Andersonville Prison before his released at the war's end in 1865 (Potter: Sultana Tragedy, p. 9-10).



Brunson, Thomas M.:

CS-Col (?); 40th Alabama Infantry ab März 1865; vorher Offizier im gleichen Regiment, 1864; 2nd Lieutenant Co. "C" 40th Alaba­ma Infantry; 1864 Captain (Williams: This War so Horrible, p. 143 Anm. 13); Williams schreibt: "Captain Brunson is as clever a man as one can find anywhere, and I do not mind soldering under him." (Williams, p. 27).



Brush, Charles:

US-Major-Sgt; 53rd Illinois Infantry (Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, p. 54).



- Brush Family Papers, Illinois State Historical Society



Brush, Daniel H.:

US-Captain; 18th Illinois Infantry, 1st Brigade 1st Division McClernand bei der Eroberung von *Fort Donelson im Februar 1862; er führte das Regiment nach der Verwundung des Regimentskommandeurs beim Angriff auf Fort Donelsen und der Abwehr des CS-Ge­genangriffs; hierbei wurde Brush verwundet (US Grant; in: Battles and Leaders Vol. I S. 429; Wallace, Lew: The Capture of Fort Do­nelson; in: B&L, vol. I, p. 417-419). Im Battle of Shiloh am 6./7.4.1862 übernahm Captain Brush, nach dem Ausfall des Regiments­kommandeurs vorübergehend die Regimentsführung, hierbei erneut verwundet (B&L, vol. I, S. 537)



Bryan, Goode:

CS-BrigGen; 1812-1885; aus Hambock County / Georgia; West Point 1834 (25/36); US-Infantry Offizier; trat 1835 aus der Army aus; Tätigkeit als Ingenieur, Farmer in Georgia und Alabama und Politiker; im Mexikokrieg Major 1st Alabama Volunteers; Abgeord­neter der Georgia Secession Convention für Lee County / Georgia (Warner, p. 37; Augusta [Georgia] Chronicle v. 18.8.1885); Cap­tain 16th Georgia Infantry 1861; Februar 1862 Col 16th Georgia Infantry (Boatner, p. 93-94). Eingesetzt während McClellan's Penin­sular Campaign im April 1862 bei Dam Nr. 1 bei Lee's Mill in *Cobb's Brigade (Confederate Milita­ry History, vol. X, S. 211); Vertei­digung von Dam Nr. 1 am 16.4.1862 (Report of BrigGen Howell Cobb OR 11.1. S, 417; Report of Col Goode Bryan, OR 11.1 S. 419-420). Ab 15.5.1862 eingesetzt zur Verstärkung der CS-Stellungen am James River süd­ostwärts von Richmond bei *Drewry's Bluff (Johnston, Military Operations, p. 128). Teilnahme an den Schlachten von Seven Pines, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellors­ville und Gettysburg. Als Nachfolger von Semmes Brigadekommandeur in der Schlacht von Gettysburg. Teilnahme an der Schlacht von Chickamauga; BrigGen 29.8.1863. Trotz seiner angeschlagenen Gesundheit weiterhin im Dienst. Teilnahme an den Schlachten von Knoxville, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor und Petersburg. Wegen sei­ner angeschlagenen Gesundheit ausgeschieden am 20.9.1864 (Boatner, p. 94). Gestorben am Augusta / Georgia am 16.8.1885, beerdigt in Augusta / Georgia auf dem City Cemetery (Warner: Generals in Gray, p. 37-38).



- Warner: Generals in Gray, p. 37



- Augusta [Georgia] Chronicle v. 18.8.1885

- Boatner, p. 93-94

- Johnston, Military Operations, p. 128

- Warner: Generals in Gray, p. 37-38



Bryant, Charles M.:

US- Pvt; 5th Battery, 1st Battalion Maine Light Artillery „E“ (National Park Service M543 Roll 3); † kia 1.7.1863 Seminary Ridge Gettysburg (Gettysburg Commission: Maine at Gettysburg, p. 86).



Bryant, Ed:

US-Sgt; 57th Ohio Infantry (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 352 Anm. 53). I’s Army of the Tennessee. Das Regiment war am 6.4.1862 morgens bei Beginn der Schlacht in der Divisionsfront rechts eingesetzt (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 157 mit Karte S. 165)



Bryant, Edwin Eustace:

US-1stLt/Adjutant; Co. F&S, 3rd Regiment Wisconsin Infantry; mustered in as Sergeant, Co. C&A (National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 4).



- **Bryant, Edwin Eustace: History of the Third Regiment of Wisconsin Veteran Volunteer Infantry (Cleveland: A. H. Clark Co., 1891)



Bryant, Nathaniel C.:

US-Lt zur See; geboren am 27.3.1823 in Nobleborough, Maine; Midshipsman US-Navy seit Dezember 1837; ab Januar 1862 als Lieutenant zur See Kapitän der USS Cairo (Bearss: Hardluck Ironclad, p. 34). Am 9.9.1862 ging Bryant nach Krank­heit in einen län­geren Genesungsurlaub, seine Nachfolge trat Lieutenant Commander Thomas O. Selfridge an (Bearss, p. 80).



- Bearss: Hardluck Ironclad, p. 34, 40

- Yost, George R.: Diary (Naval History Branch, Department of the Navy).



Bryant, William Cullen:

US-Zeitungsverleger, Herausgeber der New York Evening Post (Andrews: The North reports the Civil War, p. 9, 11); er interveniert 1864 zugunsten seines wegen Bestechung zu Lasten der US-Navy angeklagten Verlegers Henderson bei Secretary of State Welles (Welles, Diary II 60, 61, 78, 228)



- **Bryant, William Cullen (Herausgeber der New York Evening Post ): Bryant Papers, New York Public Library



Bryner, Cloyd B.:

US-+++; 47th Illinois Infantry



- Bryner, Cloyd B.: Bugle Echoes: The Story of the Illinois 47th Infantry (Springfield / Illinois: Phillips Bros., 1905)



Homepage online

Auf meiner  Internetseite stelle ich mich und meine Hobbys vor.



Besucher seit 1.1.2014