Version 25.7.2017

 

 

Litera B (Bo)

 

Boardman, John D.:

US-+++; Michigan Artillery Officer (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 330)

 

Documents/Literature::

- Boardman, John D.: Letters (Ness Collection, Michigan Historical Collections, Bentley Library, University of Michigan, Ann Har­bor / Michigan)

 

 

Börnstein, Heinrich:

US-Col (Henry Boernstein); Co. F&S, 2nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (3 months) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M390 Roll 4).

 

auch Henry Borenstein (vgl. Brooksher, Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 62); *04.11.1805 in Hamburg - † 1892. In Deutschland; Börnstein er­hielt seine Ausbildung in einem Jesuiten Seminar. Nach dieser Zeit trat er als Kadett: in die Österreichische Armee ein. 1822 nahm er an dem italienisch - österreichischen Krieg teil. Er verließ die Armee und studierte eine Zeitlang in Wien Medizin. Brach seine Studi­en ab und begann sich mit der Journalistik zu beschäftigen. Auch das Theater faszinierte ihn. Als Theaterdirektor durchzog er mit sei­nem Wandertheater die deutschen Staaten, Österreich und Italien. 1845 begab Börnstein sich nach Paris und gründete dort die repu­blikanische Zeitschrift „Vorwärts“. Diese wurde von Carl Ludwig Bernay übernommen. Heinrich Börnstein wurde dann Correspon­dent der New Yorker Tribune und der in New York erscheinenden „Deutsche Schnellpost“. Beteiligung an der Revolution 1848/49- Bei Ausbruch der Revolution begab Heinrich Börnstein sich nach Wien und schloß sich der Revolution an. Ausgewandert: 1849 (Pas­sagierliste). In Amerika angekommen verschlug es Börnstein nach *St. Louis, wo er Redakteur des „Anzeiger des Westens“ wurde. Diese Zeitung wurde von ihm übernommen und anschließend gründete er nach dem Bürgerkrieg den „Neuen Anzeiger des Westens“. Ende der fünfziger Jahre gründete er in den USA wieder ein Theaterunternehmen und durchstreifte mit diesem einige Staaten. Nach dem Bürgerkrieg ging Börnstein als Korrespondent der „Westliche Post:“ und anderer Zeitungen nach Europa. Im Bürgerkrieg: Im April stellte er das 2nd Missouri Infantry Regiment auf, zu dessen Colonel er gewählt wurde. Er nahm mit diesem Regiment an der Eroberung des *Camp Jackson in St. Louis teil. Wurde im weiteren Verlauf des Krieges von Abraham Lincoln als Konsul nach Bre­men geschickt.

 

Documents/Literature::

- Boernstein, Henry: Memoirs of a Nobody: The Missouri Years of an Austrian Radical, 1849-1866 (Trans and ed. Steven Rowan. St. Louis: Missouri Historical Society Press, 1997)

 

 

Boggess, Jiles S.:

CS-LtCol, Regimentskommandeur 3rd Texas Cavalry ab Spätjahr 1862 (vgl. Hale, Third Texas Cavalry, a.a.O., S. 139; Bearss, Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., I 90); das Regiment gehörte bei der Abwehr von Grant's Stoß entlang der Mississippi Central Railroad zu John S. *Griffith's Cavalry Brigade.

 

 

Boggs, James:

CS-BrigGen / Virginia Militia (vgl. Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 38). Ende 1861 war Boggs Kommandeur einer Mili­z-Brigade im Shenandoah Valley unter Stonewall Jackson (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 50). Nach Abschluß von Jackson's Expedition nach Bath und Romney und der US-Räumung von Romney bezogen Jackson's Truppen ihre Winterquartiere. Bogg's Militia konzentrierte sich dabei in der Umgebung von Romney / WVa (vgl. Tanner, a.a.O., S. 78).

 

Photo:

- Allardice: More Generals in Grey, a.a.O., S. 38

 

 

Boggs, William Robertson:

CS-BrigGen; aus Augusta / Georgia; West Point 1853 (er hatte die zunächst für Edward Porter Alexander vorgesehene Stelle in West Point besetzt; vgl. (vgl. Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 5).

 

Photo:

- Allardice: Generals in Grey, a.a.O., S. 28

 

 

Bohlen, Henry:

US-BrigGen; 22.10.1810 Bremen / Germany - † gef. 22.8.1862 Culpeper County / VA bei einer Erkundung am Rappahannock River im Vorfeld der Schlacht von 2nd Bull Run; beerd. Laurel Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia/Penn. (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Fought in the Mexican War. Recruited a regiment in Philadelphia made up of mostly German emigrants at the out break of the Civil War. The regiment was designated the 75th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, and he was named its Colonel and commander on Sep­tember 30, 1861. Served in General Louis Blenker's division. Appointed Brigadier General, US Volunteers on April 28, 1862. Com­manded the 3rd Brigade of Carl Schurz's Division in the Shenandoah Valley operations against Stonewall Jackson. His brigade cover­ed the retreat of the Union forces at the Battle of Cross Keys, and participated in the Battle of Cedar Mountain. While conducting re­connaissance on the Rappahannock River during the initial stages of the Second Bull Run Campaign, he was killed when his force was attempting to recross the river (vgl. www.findagrave.com; vgl. Osborn: Trials and Triumphs. The Record of the Fifty-Fifth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, a.a.O., S. 50).

 

Heinrich Bohlen, geb. in Bremen, war ein reicher Kaufmann in Philadelphia. Er „hatte eine merkwürdige Vorliebe für den Militär­stand. Beteiligte sich an der Belagerung von Antwerpen 1832 (Belgische Revolution 1832; Abspaltung Belgiens von den Niederlan­den), machte den Krimkrieg als Beobachter mit, den Krieg mit Mexiko ruhmvoll als Offizier. Organisierte 1861 das 75. Pennsylvania Regiment auf eigenen Kosten, wurde dessen Oberst und noch im gleichen Jahr Brigadeführer unter Blenker, Kämpfte ruhmvoll bei Cross Keys, wo er, nachdem die Stahelsche Brigade (infolge von Wutschels vorzeitigem Angriff) abgeschlagen worden war, einen zweiten Angriff unternahm, der jedoch infolge Versagens der Artillerie ebenfalls scheitere. General Bohlen wurde bei Freemans Ford am Rappahannock am 21. August 1862 erschossen. Als ihn die Kugel traf, führte er seine Truppen tapfer vorgehend gegen den über­legenen Feind. Wahrscheinlich weil Bohlen in den rücken getroffen wurde, bildete sich die sage heraus, daß der General einem Ra­cheakt seiner eigenen Leute zum Opfer gefallen sei. Doch ist diese Annahme wahrscheinlich falsch. Von General Stahel und nament­lich von den 75ern wird sie auf das lebhafteste bestritten. Bohlen war einer der beliebtesten Offiziere des ganzen Korps. Einer seiner Enkel ist Herr Krupp von Bohlen, der gegenwärtige Chef des Hauses Friedrich Krupp in Essen“ (aus Kaufmann: Deutsche im ameri­kanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 484-85).

 

°° I mit Emily Maria Borie Bohlen (1811-1851); °° II mit deren Schwester Sophia Eliza Borie Bohlen (1813-1882); beide waren Töchter eines Geschäftspartners von Bohlen, John Joseph Borie (1776-1834) einem reichen, aus Frankreich stammenden Schiffs­händler, und Sophia Beauveau Borie (1789-1876) (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

BrigGen Henry Bohlen (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Boies, Andrew J.:

US-Pvt; Co. E, 33rd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers 544 Roll 4).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Boies, Andrew J.: Record of the Thirty-Third Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry (Fitchburg/MA: Sentinel Printing Company, 1880)

 

 

Boland, Elijah T.:

CS-Pvt; Co. F, 13th Regiment Alabama Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 5; vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 62). Bo­land's Regiment gehörte zu Archer's Brigade und nahm am 1.7.1963 am Angriff bei McPherson's Ridge teil (vgl. Newton: McPher­son's Ridge, a.a.O., S. 27).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Boland, E. T.: "Beginning of the Battle of Gettysburg" Confederate Veteran Magazine 14 (1906): 308-309 (Archiv Ref ameridown­load, conferatevereran14)

- **Boland, E. T.: "Death of General Reynolds. An Ex-Confederate who was a witness describes the Event." National Tribune, 20 May 1915

 

 

Bolding, C. P.:

CS-Sergeant; Co A, 41st Regiment Mississippi Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M232 Roll 4).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bolding, C. P.: Oath, 1865; 1 item. Positive photocopy of a parole oath sworn by Sergeant C. P. Bolding, Company A, Forty-first Mississippi Infantry, following his surrender at Okolona, Mississippi, May 31, 1865 (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Re­sources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990)..

 

 

Bolles, W. M.:

US-LtCol, 2nd Virginia Cavalry; eingesetzt ab Dezember 1861 in Ost-Kentucky in der 18th Brigade unter James A. *Garfield (vgl. Guerrant: Marshall and Garfield in Eastern Kentucky; in: B&L I S. 395) in der Region um Louisa am Big Sandy River (Karte Davis Nr. 141).

 

 

Bolt, John:

CS-Corporal, Co. C, 61st North Carolina Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 4); John Bolt war Pvt in Co. I, 3rd North Carolina Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 4).

 

Thirty-five year-old Englishman John Bolt, a resident of Beaufort County, enlisted in Company I, 3rd North Carolina State Troops on May 10, 1861. The following year he briefly transferred to the Confederate Navy before then returning to the army in Company C, 61st North Carolina Infantry. The following year he transferred back to the Navy, with which he served until the war's close (vgl. http://www.nccivilwar150.com/features/foreigners/foreigners.htm).

 

 

Bolton, William J.:

US-Col; Regimentskommandeur 51st Pennsylvania Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Sauers, Edwin A. ed.): The Civil War Journal of Colonel William J. Bolton: 51st Pennsylvania Infantry, April 20, 1861 - August 2, 1865 (Da Capo Press, 2000)

 

 

Bond, Henry M.:

US-Lt; 45th Massachusetts Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Bond, Henry M.: Letter, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Lieutenant in the 45th Massachusetts Volunteer Regiment. Letter from Bond in Trenton, Jones County, North Carolina, to "My dear George." Writes of skirmishes with the "rebs," problems in advancing on the enemy due to the weather, and his opinion of North Carolina. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms88-075).

 

 

Bond, Hugh Lennox:

Antislavery Leader aus Maryland (vgl. Foner: Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 40).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Fuke, Richard P.: "Hugh Lennox Bond and Radical Republican Ideology," JSH, 45 (November 1979), S. 583-84

 

 

Bond, Lewis H.:

CS-Major

 

Documents/Literature::

- Bond, Lewis H.: A Confederate Spy - Brevet Major Lewis H. Bond

 

 

Bonham, Milledge, Luke:

CS-BrigGen; 1813-90; aus South Carolina; nach Besuch des South Carolina College, studierte Bonham Rechtswissenschaften; er kämpfte im Seminole War, wo er die SC Brigade kommandierte; MajGen der SC State Militia; Abgeordneter in der SC. Legislative; im Mexikokrieg diente er als Adjutant von Winfield S. Hancock; Abgeordneter im US-Congress. Nach der Sezessionsentscheidung South Carolina's am 20.12.1860 wurden die SC-Abgeordneten aus dem US-Congress zurückbeordert, darunter Bonham (vgl. Davis: Battle of Bull Run, a.a.O., S. 3); Bonham war ein State-Rights-Democrat; nach der Sezession von South Carolina wurde Bonham zum Befehlshaber der Truppen um Charleston ernannt, verzichtete jedoch, um unter Beauregard während der Bombardierung von Fort Sumter zu dienen; zum BrigGen CSA ernannt am 23.4.1861; eingesetzt bei Fairfax, trifft mit South Carolina Troops am 24.4.1861 in Richmond ein (vgl. Ruffin Diary, a.a.O., vol. II 9; Freeman: Robert E. Lee, a.a.O., S. 513); Bonham's Brigade (First Brigade: 11th North Carolina, 2nd South Carolina; 3rd South Carolina; 7th South Carolina; 8th South Carolina) bildete im Juli 1861 die vorgescho­bene Sicherungslinie bei *Fairfax Court House / Virginia, die am 17.7.1861 von der Vorhut McDowell's angegriffen wurde (vgl. Da­vis, Battle of Bull Run, a.a.O., S. xii, 104). Bonham hatte von Beauregard die Anweisung erhalten, sich nach Centreville zurückzu­ziehen, falls er von überlegenen Kräften angegriffen würde (vgl. Davis, a.a.O., S. 98), und zog sich daraufhin Richtung Bull Run auf Mitchell's Ford zurück (vgl. Davis, a.a.O., S. 104). Bonham's Brigade nahm an der Schlacht von 1st Manassas teil (vgl. Ruffin: Diary, a.a.O., vol. II, S. 64, 65, 69, 70, 71, 80, 81; vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., S. 53) und besetzt am 22.7.1861 nach der Schlacht Centreville (vgl. Ruffin: Diary, a.a.O., vol. II, S. 97). Bonham trat zurück am 29.1.1862; anschließend Abgeordneter im CSA Congress; Governor von South Carolina von Dezember 1862 bis Dezember 1864; reaktiviert als BrigGen CSA am 20.2. 1865, diente bis Kriegsende unter Johnston. Nachkriegs­zeit: Legislator, Railroad Commissioner, Democratic Politician.

 

Die Übermittlung der Spionage-Ergebnisse des Spionagerings von Rose Greenhow von Washington ins CS-Hauptquartier von CS-BrigGen Bonham erfolgte durch Miss Betty *Duvall (vgl. Farwell, Byron: Ball's Bluff - A small Battle and Its Long Shadow, a.a.O., S. 26).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Bonham, Milledge L.: Papers, South Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina, Columbia / South Carolina

- Bonham, Milledge L.: Papers, Duke University Library, Durham / North Carolina

 

 

Bonney, Theodore Lyman:

US-First Sergeant; zunächst Sergeant Co. A, 3rd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (Militia) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll4); dann First Sergeant, Co. E&D, 32nd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll4).

 

Prior to the Civil War, he worked as an iron molder, and he participated in a Hanson debate club. He enlisted for a three-month ser­vice in the Civil War as a sergeant in Company A of the 3rd Regiment of Massachusetts Infantry on 23 April 1861 and was dischar­ged on 22 July 1861 when his term expired, and therefore was referred to as one of the Massachusetts “Minute Men of 1861” who re­sponded to President Lincoln’s first call for Union soldiers in April 1861. He re-enlisted 2 December 1861 as a sergeant for a three-year service in the Civil War in Company E of the 32nd Regiment. He died of typhoid fever at Aquia Creek, Virginia on 11 May 1863 at the age of 26 (vgl. https://hansonhistoricalsociety.wordpress.com).

 

T.L. Bonney “was named a member of the Halifax Light Infantry Company prior to the war. While in the Halifax Company, he pas­sed through the ranks and on July 9, 1860, he was commissioned 3rd Lieutenant. On April 16, 1861, the 3rd Mass. Regiment was cal­led into service and the Halifax Company left with it as Co. A. The U.S. service not recognizing 3rd and 4th lieutenants, Bonney chose to stay in and was given the rank of sargent, in which capacity he served until he was mustered out in July. Anxious to do more for the defense of his country, he re-enlisted in December of 1861, for three years, and became sargent in Company E of the First Mass. Infantry Battalion and saw service guarding rebel prisoners at Fort Warren. In May of 1862 he was promoted to Orderly Sar­gent and transferred to Company C, the battalion becoming the 32nd Mass. Regiment. The regiment joined the Army of the Potomac in July and Bonney saw service with the regiment in the Peninsular campaign, escaped the second battle of Bull Run and on reaching Frederick, Maryland was exhausted by a continued march of more than two weeks, he was sent back to a hospital in Washington. He later rejoined his regiment and took part in the Battle of Fredericksburg in which the regiment was exposed, without shelter, to the re­bel fire for thirty hours. From Fredericksburg the regiment returned to Falmouth and spent the winter, with much suffering, in picket duty and reconnoitering. On the 27th of April the regiment moved forward to Chancellorsville where after several day of fighting they were forced again to cross the Rappahannock. It was during this retreat that Sargent Bonney, overcome by exposure and fatigue, sank by the way and was taken to a field hospital at Acquia Creek. After a short week of delirious fever he passed away on the 11th day of May, 1863.” (aus: History of the Town of Hanson, vgl. https://hansonhistoricalsociety. Wordpress. com).

 

T.L. Bonney was buried at Potomac Creek Station in Virginia. In June 1863, Theodore’s commander Captain Steven Rich notified his brother, Otis L. Bonney, of Theodore’s activities until his time of death, and the location of his grave. Otis then arranged for Theodo­re’s remains to be disinterred and brought to Hanson via train, where he was buried in Fern Hill Cemetery (vgl. https:// hansonhistori­calsociety.wordpress.com).

 

Photo

Theodore Lyman Bonney (27 Oct. 1836, Taunton, Mass. – 11 May 1863, Aquia Creek, Va.) (vgl. https:// hansonhistoricalsociety.wordpress.com).

 

 

Bonsall, George W.:

US-Corporal; 138th Ohio Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Bonsall, George W. (1845-1910): Diaries, 1861-78. 2 vols. Resident of Cincinnati, Ohio, and a corporal in the 138th Regiment Ohio National Guard (originally formed as the 2nd Ohio Volunteer Reserve Militia) during the Civil War. Collection consists of two volu­mes of a manuscript diary, copied in 1865 of entries Bonsall wrote between May 23, 1861 (his 16th birthday) and 1865. Conti­nues the diary sporatically after the war, with entries indicating his marriage in 1876 and the birth of his daughter in 1877. Bonsall writes in detail about his regiment's movements throughout Ohio, Kentucky, and Virginia during the war (particularly 1863 and 1864), but they never engaged in a battle with the Confederates. Bonsall also writes about working as a mason building dormitories for a new college in Berea, Kentucky, in 1869. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms97-015).

 

 

Boomer, George Boardman:

26.7.1832 - † 22.5.1863; US-Col; 26th Missouri Infantry; in Grant’s Vicksburg Campaign war Boomer Brigadekommandeur der Boomer's Brigade, 3. Briga­de, 7. Division (Gen. Isaac F. Quimby), linker Flügel (Gen. Hamilton) von Grant’s Army of the Mississip­pi (vgl. Dunbar, History 93th Illinois Infantry, MilAmerik15 S. 8).

 

George Boardman Boomer's short adult career was devoted to pioneer entrepreneur efforts in developing Missouri’s natural re­sources, although these were actually a by-product of his principal business interests in Missouri. As a colonel at the head of his own Missouri-recruited regiment during the Civil.1 War, he gave his life for the Union cause at Vicksburg.

 

Born in Sutton, Worcester County, Massachusetts, on July 26, 1832, Boomer came to Missouri in February, 1852. Although not quite twenty years old, he was responsible for promoting the bridge building interests of the Chicago engineering firm of Stone and Boo­mer in the extension of the railroad across the state. This newly founded firm held the patent rights to the famed Howe Truss, an im­portant ingredient of railroad construction. To supply the lumber necessary for these bridge trusses, Boomer acquired timber land in 1854 on the Osage River, and established near its mouth the industrial community of Castle Rock (or Boomer’s Mills), now disap­peared. In 1856-57 he began similar timber and lead developments in Washington County, with a mill at Potosi, but his concern with these enterprises was cut short by the Civil War.

 

During the 1860 presidential campaign Boomer's Yankee background determined his stand with the Democrat Stephen A. Douglas. With the subsequent outbreak of hostilities he raised a Missouri regiment, not without difficulty, to defend the Union cause. He led this regiment (the 26th Missouri Volunteers) into a host of minor skirmishes within the state at the beginning of the war before he was wounded at Iuka, Mississippi in September, 1862. He soon returned to action at the head of General Schuyler Hamilton's former bri­gade... (3rd Brigade, 7th Division, 17th Army), and he was killed while leading these troops in the unfulfilled assault on Vicksburg on May 22, 1863. By request of provisional Governor Gamble, Boomer received a posthumous promotion to Brigadier-General from President Lincoln for "gallant conduct". (From the Western Historical Manuscript Collection, 23 Ellis Library, University of Missou­ri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri 65201-5149)

 

Photo:

Memorial Plaque to George Boomer erected at the Vicksburg National Military Park

 

Documents/Literature::

- Stone, Amelia M.: Memoir of George Boardman Boomer (Boston, 1864)

 

 

Boone, Thomas D.:

CS-Captain; Co. F, 1st Regiment North Carolina Infantry; Boone trat als First Sergeant in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 4).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Boone, Thomas: „History of Company F, First North Carolina Infantry.“ The Index, March 8, 1895

 

 

Boos, Charles F.:

US-Band Leader, Co. F&S, 55th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 10); eine Regimentskapelle mit 24 Musikern wurde Anfang Oktober 1861 aufgestellt unter Leistung Charles F. Boos; dieser stammte aus Tiffin und was a accomplished musician who wore the shoulder straps of a First Lieutenant (vgl. Osborn: Trials and Triumphs. The Record of the Fifty-Fifth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, a.a.O., S. 19).

 

Photo:

Bandleader Charles F. Boos (vgl. Osborn: Trials and Triumphs. The Record of the Fifty-Fifth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, a.a.O., S. 52)

 

 

Booth, Benjamin:

US-+++; 22nd Iowa Infantry

 

On October 19, 1864, Booth was captured during the Battle of Cedar Creek. His first stay of confinement was at Richmond's Libby Prison. From Libby he was transferred to the Confederacy's facility of Salisbury, probably the prison operated the longest by the South. While confined at both sites, Booth kept a diary, writing his observations of camp life and suffering on any scraps of paper he could find. In 1897, he took his scratched observations and penned his account.

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Booth, Benjamin (22nd Iowa Infantry): Dark Days of the Rebellion: Life in Southern Military Prisons (Meyer Publishing: Reprint of 1897 original); 288 pp; 30 b & w photos

 

 

Booth, George W.:

US-Pvt; aus Maryland; Teilnahme an der Besetzung von Harper's Ferry am 18.4.1861; Teilnahme an der Valley Campaign 1862 (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 26 m. Anm. 6).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Booth, George W.: Personal Reminiscenses of a Maryland Soldier in the War between the States (Baltimore: Fleet, McGinley and Co., 1898)

- **Krick, Robert K.: Conquering the Valley. Stonewall Jackson at Port Republik (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1996)

- Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 26

 

 

Booth, John C.:

CS-Major; geb. 4.6.1827 Macon/ Georgia (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com) - † 6.9.1862 Fayetteville / NC. (vgl. North Carolina Standard, Raleigh, September 10, 1862); beerd. Brampton Plantion; Savannah / GA (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com)

 

Graduate of U.S. Military Academy at West Point 1848 (29). Bvt. Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 1, 1848. Served: in garrison at Sav­annah, Ga., 1848 49, and Augusta Arsenal, (Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, May 31, 1849) / Ga., 1849; in Florida Hostilities against the Seminole Indians, 1849 50; in garrison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1850 51, — and Ft. Johnston, N. C., 1851 52; and on frontier duty, at Ft. Brady, Mich., 1852 53, (First Lieut., 4th Artillery, Nov. 25, 1853)— Ft. Brown, Tex., 1854 55, — and on March to San Antonio, Tex., 1855. Resigned, May 1, 1856. Worked as Civil Engineer, Des Moines, Iowa., 1856 59. Clerk in the Pay Department of the Illinois Central Railroad, 1859 61. Served in Confederate Army as Captain, commissioned in February, 1861; he commanded the arsenal at Baton Rouge (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com).

 

Captain Booth was the first commander of the Fayetteville Arsenal as an organization under the Confederate Ordnance Department.  A former U.S. Army officer and West Point graduate (Class of 1848), Captain Booth brought to the arsenal six years of military ser­vice.  His previous experience and knowledge of ordnance duties proved invaluable to the Confederacy in establishing operations in Fayetteville.  He vigorously took on the task of organizing and expanding the capabilities, whereby earning a reputation as a skilled leader.  Unfortuntely, Captain Booth fell ill and died in September 1862. As a gesture of gratitude, the Confederate War Department posthumously promoted him to major (aus: http://www.civilwarnorthcarolina.com/arsenal-commanders).

 

We regret to learn that Major John C. Booth, commandant of the Arsenal at Fayetteville, died on Saturday last. He is said to have been an excellent officer and especially suited to his position“ (vgl. North Carolina Standard, Raleigh, September 10, 1862).

 

Photo:

Grabstein Major John C. Booth, Brampton Plantion; Savannah / GA (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com)

 

 

Booth, John Wilkes:

Mörder Lincolns; Booth erschoß Lincoln in Ford's Theater am 14.4.1865.

 

1859 bei der Hinrichtung von John *Brown beteiligt: zum Schutz der Hinrichtung sind 2000 Soldaten aufgeboten, darunter ein ge­wisser John W. Booth von den „Richmond Grays“.

 

Bereits am 17.3.1865 unternahm Booth mit einem CS-Kommandounternehmen mit Unterstützung durch Mosby's Guerillas den Ver­such Lincoln zu entführen. Der Versuch scheiterte jedoch (vgl. Tidwell, William A.: April 65 - Confederate Covert Action in the American Civil War, Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik43, S. xi, xiv).

 

Booth wurde am 26.4.1865 getötet (vgl. Tidwell, William A.: April 65 - Confederate Covert Action in the American Civil War, Bi­bliothek Ref MilAmerik43, S. 3).

 

Literatur zu Booth:

- **Bakeless, John: Spies of the Confederacy, Philadelphia, Lippincott 1970

- **Hanchett, William: The Lincoln Murder Conspiracies (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1983)

- **Jones, Thomas A.: J. Wilkes Booth (Chicago: Laird & Lee, 1893)

- **Kimmel, Stanley: The Mad Booths of Maryland, New York 1969

- **Reck, W. Emerson: A. Lincoln – His Last 24 Hours (McFarland Publishing)

- **Tidwell, William A.: April 65 - Confederate Covert Action in the American Civil War, The Kent State University Press (Kent, Ohio & London, England, 1995), Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik17e

- **Tidwell, William A.; Hall, James O. and Gaddy, David Winfred: Come Retribution. The Confederate Secret Service and the Assassi­nation of Lincoln (Jackson, Miss.: University Press of Mississippi, 1988, 3. Auflage 2001); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik17f

- **Van Doren Stern, Philip: The Man who killed Lincoln (New York: Literary Guild, 1939)

- **Van Doren Stern, Philip: Secret Missions of the Civil War. First-hand accounts by men and women who risked their lives in under­ground activities for the North and the South (New York, 1959, 1987, 1990); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik17b

 

Literatur zum Prozeß gegen Booth und Lincoln's Ermordung:

- **Chamlee, Jr., Roy Z.: Lincoln's Assassins (Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland and Company, 1990)

- **Eisenschiml, Otto: Why Was Lincoln Murdered ? (New York: Halcyon House, 1937): Eisenschiml stellte gegen bis dahin verbreite­te Version von der Tat eines Einzelgängers und der "sauberen, ritterlichen Kriegsführung des Südens" die These einer Verschwörung unter Beteiligung des US-Kriegsministers Stanton und Industrieller aus dem Norden (vgl. zur Kritik an Eisenschiml's Vorgehenswei­se: William **Hanchett: "The Historian as Gamesman: Otto Eisenschiml, 1880-1863," in: Civil War History 36 [März 1990], S. 5-16

- **Hanchett, William: The Lincoln Murder Conspiracies (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1983): Hanchett, stellt wie auch Turner, aufgrund neuerer Forschungen dar, daß die Ermordung Lincoln's das Ergebnis einer CS-Operation zur Geiselnahme Lincoln's war.

- **Hanchett, William: "Lincoln's Murder - The Simple Conspiracy Theory," Civil War Times Illustrated 30 (Nov/Dez 1991), S. 28-35, 70-71: Hanchett bezeichnet die Auffassung, Booth habe die Aktion zur Entführung Lincoln's aus eigener Entscheidung und Verant­wortung ohne Rückendeckung seitens Präs. Jefferson Davis geplant, als falsch

- **Nevins, Allan: The War for the Union: The Organized War to Victory 1864-1865 (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1971): Ne­vins faßt die herrschende Meinung (S. 326) zusammen: es gab keine Aktion des Südens auf Veranlassung von Jefferson Davis oder anderer einflußreicher Führer der Konföderation. Booth handelte auf eigene Initiative. Nevins erkannte an, daß Eisenschiml's These von einem Komplott des US-Kriegsministers Stanton falsch ist (vgl. Tidwell, a.a.O., S. 6)

- **Poore, Ben: Perley, ed.: The Conspiracy Trial for the Murder of the President. 3 vols. (1865-66; reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1972)

- **Tidwell, William A.: April 65 - Confederate Covert Action in the American Civil War, The Kent State University Press (Kent, Ohio & London, England, 1995), Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik43, S. 3

- **Tidwell, William A., James O. Hall und David Winfred Gaddy: Come Retribution: The Confederate Secret Service and the Assassi­nation of Lincoln (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1988): Darlegung der Hintergründe von Booth's fehlgeschlagener Akti­on zur Entführung Lincoln's am 17.3.1865; und der Zusammensetzung seines Kommando-Unternehmens mit Unterstützung des konföder­ierten Geheimdienstes und der CS-Armee

- **Turner, Thomas R.: Beware the People Weeping: Public Opinion and the Assassination of President Lincoln (Baton Rouge: Louisia­na State University Press, 1982): Turner, stellt Hanchett folgend, aufgrund neuerer Forschungen dar, daß die Ermordung Lincoln's das Ergebnis einer CS-Operation zur Geiselnahme Lincoln's war.

 

 

Borcke, Johann August Heinrich Heros von:

CS-Major; Stabschef von Jeb Stuart (vgl. Longacre: Mounted Raids, a.a.O., S. 22, 33). Von Borcke was a member of the Prussian Drago­ons and ran a Federal blockade to join the Confederate cavalry of JEB Stuart in 1863, fighting at Chancellorsville, Fredericks­burg and Brandy Station.

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History. Vol: 2: Vicksburg to Appomattox, a.a.O., S. 325

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Borcke, Heros von: Memoirs of the Confederate War for Independence. 2 vols (New York, 1938; J. S. Sanders: Reprint of Scarce 1866 Original); 464 pp

 

 

Born, Emanuel:

US-Corporal; Co. B, 82nd Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 10).

 

 

Borton, Benjamin:

US-Pvt, Co. A, 24th Regiment New Jersey Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M550 Roll 2).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Borton, Benjamin (24th NJ Infantry): On the Parallels, or Chapters of Inner History: A Story of the Rappahannock (Woodstown, NJ 1903); 333 pp. "One who participated in the battles herein described in and around Fredericksburg VA 1862"

- **Borton, Benjamin: Awhile with the Blue, or Memories of War Days. The True Story of a Private (1898)

- **Borton, Benjamin On the Parallels or Chapters of Inner History - A Story of Rappahannock (Reprint 2008)

 

 

Bosang, J. N.:

CS-+++; aus Pulaski, Va.

 

Documents/Literature::

- Bosang, J. N.: Memoirs of a Pulaski Veteran (privately printed. Pulaski, Virginia 1912)

 

 

Bosbyshell, Oliver Christian:

US-Major; zunächst Pvt; Co. B&H, 25th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (3 months) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 11), dann im Rang eines Second Lieutenant eingetreten in Co F&S, 48th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry, Captain (Co. G), zuletzt Major (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 11).

 

Civil War Union Army Officer. A pre-War member of the Washington Artillery militia, he was mustered into the Union Army as a Private when that unit was made into Company H, 25th Pennsylvania (Three-Month) Volunteer Infantry regiment on April 18, 1861. He accompanied the new regiment as it was hurried to man the defenses of Washington, DC, and was injured in the head by a thrown brick when it passed through Baltimore, Maryland, and was attacked by pro-Southern rioters. Company H was assigned to man Fort Washington, where it stood in garrison until they were sent back to Pennsylvania in July 1861, and was mustered out on July 29 when their term of service expired. At the time he was offered a commission in the Regular Army, but declined it ( vgl. Powell, William H.: Officers of the Volunteer Army and Navy who served in the Civil War, a.a.O., Stichwort Bosbyshell).


He rejoined the Union War effort on October 1, 1861, when he was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant in Company G, 48th Pennsyl­vania Volunteer Infantry. He rose steadily in rank, being promoted to 1st Lieutenant on May 5, 1862, Captain and company comman­der on June 2, 1862, and to Major on July 24, 1864. He served in that duty until he was honorably mustered out due to expiration by law of enlistment on October 1, 1864. During his tenure with the 48th Pennsylvania, he fought in New Berne, North Carolina, and in the Battles of 2nd Bull Run, Chantilly, South Mountain, Antietam, and Fredericksburg. In 1863 the regiment, along with the entire Ninth Corps, was ordered west, and he was assigned as Provost Marshal of Lexington, Kentucky. In the operations in eastern Tennes­see in the summer of fall of 1863 he was with his regiment as it fought at Blue Springs, Campbell's Station and Knoxville. Spring 1864 brought the Ninth Corps back to Virginia to take part in General Ulysses S. Grant's Overland Campaign, and Captain Bosbys­hell was assigned as Assistant Adjutant General of the 1st Brigade, 4th Division, Ninth Army Corps, a duty he performed until July 30. On that date the Union Army exploded a mine under Confederate positions at Petersburg, and now-Major Bosbyshell participated in the subsequent disaster that was the Battle of the Crater. After the battle, he was place in command of the regiment, and led it in the Battles of Weldon Railroad and Poplar Grove Church before his muster out( vgl. Powell, William H.: Officers of the Volunteer Army and Navy who served in the Civil War, a.a.O., Stichwort Bosbyshell).


After the war he was involved in politics, holding several local offices, and served as Director of the United States Mint in Philadel­phia from 1889 to 1893. In 1893 he published "The 48th in the War: Being A Narrative of the 48th Regiment Infantry, Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteers, During the War of the Rebellion". He rose to the rank of Brigadier General in the Pennsylvania National Guard, and served as Colonel of the 19th Pennsylvania Infantry regiment during the Spanish-American War (a unit that only saw garrison duty) ( vgl. Powell, William H.: Officers of the Volunteer Army and Navy who served in the Civil War, a.a.O., Stichwort Bosbyshell).


3.1.1839 Vicksburg/Mississippi - † 1.8.1921 Philadelphia/Pennsylvania; beerd. West Laurel Cemetery, Bala Cynwyd, Montgomery County/Pennsylvania; °° Martha Ellen Stern Bosbyshell (1839-1914); aus der Ehe stammen 2 Kinder (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

- Captain Oliver Christian Bosbyshell (vgl. http://48thpennsylvania.blogspot.de/)

- Oliver Christian Bosbyshell als 4th Superintendent of the United States Mint (Photo zwischen1889-1894, https://en.wikipedia.

org/wiki/Oliver_Bosbyshell).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bosbyshell, Oliver Christian (Captain Co. G): The 48th in the war. Being a narrative of the campaigns of the 48th regiment, infantry, Pennsylvania veteran volunteers, during the war of the rebellion (1895)

- **Bosbyshell, Oliver Christian: Pennsylvania at Antietam (Harrisburg: Antietam Battlefield Memorial Commission, 1906) (Archiv Ref, Computer, Dokumente, ameridownload)

 

 

Boswell, James Keith:

CS-Captain (vgl. Hotchkiss: Make me a Map, a.a.O., S. 273 Anm. 8; Henderson: Stonewall Jackson, a.a.O., S. 433); +++-2.5.1863; zunächst im Frühjahr 1862 Lt und Chief der Engineers im Stab Stonewall Jackson's (vgl. Hotchkiss: Make me a Map of the Valley, a.a.O., S. 6), dann als Captain Mitglied im Stab von Stonewall Jackson, wo er Jackson's "truthful aide (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 48) und Chief of Engineers (vgl. Hotchkiss, a.a.O., S. 273 Anm. 8; Henderson, a.a.O., S. 678) sowie Topographical Engi­neer war (vgl. Krick, a.a.O., S. 108); Boswell hatte im Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 das Kommando über das rückwärtige Hauptquartier Jackson's bei Petty House (vgl. Krick, a.a.O., S. 108). Jackson beauftragte Boswell mit der Aufklärung, ob eine Flan­kierung des Gegners an der linken Seite der CS-Front möglich sei (vgl. Krick, a.a.O., S. 108).

 

Teilnahme an Jackson's Vorstoß gegen Pope's Army of Virginia Anfang August 1862 und am Battle von Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 48). Boswell war mit Jedediah *Hotchkiss befreundet und hatte dessen Aufnahme in den Stab Jackson's als Kartograph bewirkt (vgl. Hotchkiss, a.a.O., S 273 Anm. 8). Boswell wurde durch das gleiche "Friendly fire", das Jack­son so schwer verwundet, daß dieser kurz darauf starb, in der Schlacht von Chancellorsville am 2.5.1863 tödlich getroffen (Hotch­kiss, a.a.O., S. 273 Anm. 8, S. 298 Anm. 9, Henderson, a.a.O., S. 682).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Boswell, James Keith (Captain und Chief der Engineers im Stab Stonewall Jackson's): Report. Library of Congress, Washington DC, Roll 49, Frame 172

- Henderson: Stonewall Jackson, a.a.O., S. 433, 678, 682, 689

- Hotchkiss: Make me a Map, a.a.O., S. 6, 14, 17, 22, 35, 47, 50, 53, 54, 56, 85, 87, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 108, 109, 112, 113, 115-28, 130, 131, 134, 137, 139, 142, 273 Anm. 8, 294 nn 23 und 24, 298 n 9, 300 nn 19 und 20

- Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 48, 50, 97, 108, 110, 153-54, 186, 299-300

 

 

Bosworth, Milton K.:

US-First Sergeant; 53rd Ohio Infantry (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 157).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bosworth, Milton K. (Sergeant; 53rd Ohio Infantry): Letter to father (Shiloh National Military Park, Shiloh / Tennessee, 53rd Ohio File)

 

 

Boteler, Alexander Robinson:

CS-Col; 16.5.1815-8.5.1892; aus Shepherdstown / Virginia; 1835 Princeton graduated; Politiker der American Party für die er 1858 als Abgeordneter für den Winchester Wahlbezirk in den US-Congress gewählt wurde, er blieb im House of Representatives bis 3.3.1861. Boteler schlug die bekannte Resolution vor, die zum Ausschuß des 'Committee of Thirty-Three' führte; es handelte sich hierbei um eine Gruppe von Abgeordneten, die versuchten, den Krieg durch einen Kompromiß zu vermeiden. Nach seinem Ausschei­den aus dem US-Congress wurde Boteler nach Ausbruch der Sezession als Abgeordneter des Winchester Districts / Shenandoah Val­ley in Congress der CSA ab 27.11.1861 gewählt (vgl. Hotchkiss, Make Me a Map, a.a.O., S. 283-84 Anm. 16) und war der Repräsen­tant des Shenandoah-Tals im CS-Congress (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 34, 84). Boteler war mit Stonewall Jack­son befreundet (vgl. Henderson: Stonewall Jackson, a.a.O., S. 397, 207; Ruffin, Diary II 178 Anm. 38). Boteler diente als 'Volunteer Aid' im Stab Jackson's (vgl. Hotchkiss, Make Me a Map, a.a.O., S. 283-84 Anm. 16).

 

Boteler war in die Auseinandersetzungen zwischen Stonewall *Jackson und Gen. *Loring von Februar 1962 involviert (vgl. Zu­sammenfassung bei *Loring m.w.N.).

 

Jackson appointed his close friend Boteler on 30.5.1862 as a volunteer aide-de-camp, giving him the rank of a colonel. Jackson for some time lobbied Boteler to convince President Jefferson Davis to support an invasion plan. With Lee's endorsement and leadership, this culminated with the Maryland Campaign in September 1862 (vgl. Mingus: Flames Beyond Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 2n3).

 

Boteler war 1862 Abgeordneter im CS-Congress und zugleich Stabsoffizier im Stab von Stonewall *Jackson (vgl. Freeman: Lee, a.a.O., vol. 2, S. 260). Jackson wandte sich an Boteler, als Lee nach der Peninsular Campaign ein Vorgehen gegen Pope's neuaufge­stellte Army of Virginia ablehnte, mit der Bitte, bei Präsident Davis zu intervenieren (vgl. Freeman: Lee, a.a.O., vol. 2, S. 260; Dab­ney, Robert Lewis: Life and Campaigns of Lieut.-Gen. Thomas J. Jackson (Stonewall Jackson), New York: Blelock, 1866, S. 486-87; SHSP 40, S. 180-81). Boteler sprach bei Davis vor und glaubte in der Folge irrig, seine Intervention habe zur Änderung von Lee's Strategie geführt. Tatsächlich war Auslöser der Änderung von Lee's Ansichten die Information vom 12.7.1862, daß Pope inzwischen Culpeper Court House genommen hatte und ein weiteres Vorgehen in Virginia bevorstand (vgl. SHSP 40, S. 182). Boteler besuchte Jackson in seinem Hauptquartier bei *Liberty Mills (nördlich von *Gordonsville) am 24.7.1862 (vgl. Hotchkiss, Make Me a Map, a.a.O., S. 63).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Boteler, Alexander R.: Boteler Papers. Unpublished letters and papers of Alexander R. Boteler (Duke University Manuscript Collec­tion, Durham / North Carolina)

- Greenhow, Rose: Briefwechsel mit Alexander Boteler (vgl. Greenhow, Rose O'Neal: Rose O'Neal Greenhow Papers, Special Col­lections Library, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik17b)

 

 

Botsford, E. W.:

US-Captain; Regimentskommandeur 7th Kentucky Infantry, 9th Division Osterhaus, XIII. Army Corps McClernand während Grant's Campaign gegen Vicksburg 1863 (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, vol. II, S. 402). Battle of Port Gibson am 1.5.1863 (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, vol. II, S. 402).

 

 

Botts, John Minor:

Unionssympathisant in Richmond 1861 bei Ausbruch der Sezession (vgl. Ruffin Diary II 8)

 

 

Botts, Lawson:

CS-LtCol; zunächst Captain Co. GFS, 2nd Regiment Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 6); 1862 Col. 2nd Virginia Infantry, Battle of Cedar Mountain (vgl. Battles and Leaders, Vol. II., a.a.O., S. 496; vgl. Wert: Brotherhood of Valor, a.a.O., S. 18).

 

Botts, an attorney, had been a „decided and uncompromising opponent of secession doctrines“ and had defended abolitionist John Broswn, whose raid on Harper's Ferry, in October 1859, hastened the destruction of the Union (vgl. Weret: Brotherhood of Valor, a.a.O., S. 18)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Botts, Lawson (LtCol, 2nd Regiment Virginia Infantry): Papers. Miscellaneous items of Lawson Botts; scattered dates (Virginia Military Institute, Lexington, Va.)

 

 

Bouck, Gabriel:

US-Captain 2nd Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O., S. 46); vgl. seine Charakterisierung durch Charles Messervey, abgedruckt bei Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O., S. 101

 

Documents/Literature::

- Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O.

- **Otis, George H.: The Second Wisconsin Infantry, ed. Alan D. Gaff (Morningside Bookshop 1984), S. 30

- State Historical Society of Wisconsin: enthält Informationen/Dokumente über 22nd Wisconsin Regiment (Welcher/Ligget, Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. ix), Colonel Utley und LtCol Bloodgood

 

 

Boudrye (Beaudry), Louis N.:

US-Chaplain; Co. F&S, 5th Regiment New York Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 13).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Boudrye, Louis N. (5th NY Cavalry): War Journal of Louis N. Beaudry, 5th New York Cavalry: The Diary of a Union Chaplain, Commencing February 16, 1863 (Albany: R. S. Gray, 1865, reprint McFarland Publishing); Details of Gettysburg and other battles of the 5th New York Cavalry from 1863 to 1865. Only 167 of the original members of this regiment remained at war's end, some 114 having died in Confederate prisons. Beaudry wrote the Regimental History of the 5th Cavalry using many of these same diary entries.

- **Beaudry, Louis N.: Historic Records of the Fifth New York Cavalry (Albany: New York, 1865)

 

 

Bouldin, Edwin E.:

CS-Captain; 14th Virginia Cavalry BrigGen Albert G. Jenkin's Cavalry Brigade Stuart's Cavalry Lee's Army of Northern Virginia; 1863 Teilnahme an Lee's Campaign nach Gettysburg (vgl. Longacre: Cavalry at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 18); am 1.7.1863 im Battle of Gettysburg war ein Teil von Jenkin's Brigade beim Vorstoß von Lee's Army entlang des Cashville Pike in Richtung McPherson's Ridge und am ersten Angriff beteiligt, in der "extreme Advance" (*Bouldin, E. E.: Letter an B. F. *Eakle, 31.3..1886, Bachelder Pa­pers, New Hampshire Historical Society; Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 609n86); Calef's Battery beschoß am 1.7.1863 von McPher­son's Ridge angreifende Cavalry, die sich nördlich des Cashville Pike vor McPherson's Ridge befand. Es bleibt jedoch unklar, ob es sich hierbei um Teile der 14th Virginia Cavalry handelt (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 75).

 

 

Bouquet, Nicholas:

US-Pvt, 1st Iowa Infantry; 14.11.1842 Landau - 27.12.1912, beerdigt Aspen Grove Cemetary, Burlington/Iowa; kam 1856 als Ein­wanderer nach St. Louis; Pvt. Bouquet war in 1st Iowa Infantry; Medal of Honor am 10.8.1861 Wilson’s Creek (vgl. Kukatzki; in Pfälzisch-Rheinische Familienkunde 2008, S. 448).

 

 

Bourke, John G.:

US-Pvt; Co. E&D, 15th Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry (160th Volunteers) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 11).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bourke, John G.: On the Border With Crook (Time Life 1980; Reprint of 1881 Original)

 

 

Bouton, Edward:

US-BrigGen, 1834-1921; aus New York; 20.2.1862 Captain 1st Ill. Art., 28.6.1863 Col 59th US Colored Infantry, 28.2.1865 Brig­Gen; er war Provost Marshall von Memphis nach der Besetzung durch US-Truppen; in der Nachkriegszeit Schafzüchter (vgl. Boat­ner, a.a.O., S. 75

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bouton, Edward (Gen.): Events of the Civil War (Los Angeles, 1906)

 

 

Bowen, Edward R.:

US-LtCol; Co. F&S, 114th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 11); zuvor 2ndLt, Co. D, 75th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 11).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bowen, Edward R.:“Collis“ Zouaves. The 114th Pennsylvania Infantry at Gettysburg.“ Philadelphia Weekly Times, June 22, 1887

 

 

Bowen, George A.:

US-Captain; Co. I&C, 12th Regiment New Jersey Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M550 Roll 2).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bowen, George A.: „The Diary of Captain George A. Bowen, 12th New Jersey Volunteers.“ The Valley Forge Journal (June 1984), vol. 2

 

 

Bowen, James L.:

US-Pvt; Co. E, 37th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 4).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bowen, James L.: History of the Thirty-Seventh Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers in the Civil War of 1861-1865 with a Compre­hensive Sketch of the Doings of Massachusetts as a State, and of the Principal Campaigns of the War (Bryan & Co., Holyoke 1884). This unit campaigned at Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Brandy Station, Mine Run, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Petersburg. Cedar Creek and Appomattox. Nevins is critical of this title because it covers much of the war in general terms, yet he still rates it as a "detailed history".

- **Bowen, James L.: "Marching to Gettysburg." Philadelphia Weekly Times, 27 May 1882

 

 

Bowen, John W.:

US-Corporal, aus Madison County / Arkansas; Co B 1st Arkansas Infantry (US); Bowen was stationed in the Fort Smith (Sebastian County) area and Madison County during the war (vgl. Haney Family: Papers, 1845-1887; Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manus­cript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Bowen, John S.:

CS-BrigGen; * +++ in Bowen's Creek / GA - 1864; West Point 1853 (13/35), dann 2nd Lieutenant; auf eigenen Wunsch 1856 aus der Armee entlassen, zog Bowen nach St. Louis, wo er sich als Architekt niederließ; aktiv in der Missouri Militia, erwarb sich Bowen eine Reputation für seine militärisch erfolgreiche Führung und sein militärisches Auftreten (Winschel, Triumph & Defeat, a.a.O., S. 21); bei Kriegsbeginn Stabschef von BrigGen Daniel M. *Frost von der pro-sezessionistischen Missouri State Militia (vgl. Brooks­her, Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 58); bei Camp Jackson kriegsgefangen; nach seiner Entlassung organisierte Bowen die 1st Missouri Infan­try, deren Col er anschließend wurde; er war eingesetzt in Kentucky und Tennessee; bei Shiloh verwundet. Nach US-Berichten vom Oktober 1862, die durch weitere Aufklärung später widerlegt wurden, soll Bowen mit seinen Missouri Truppen im Oktober 1862 über den Hatchie River südlich von Bolivar / Tennessee (Karte bei Davis Nr. 154) nach Westen zum Mississippi durchgebrochen, um den Fluß nördlich der am 6.6.1862 von US-Truppen eroberten Stadt Memphis zu blockieren (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, a.a.O., Vol. I, S. 29, 30).

 

Im Herbst 1862 war Bowen Divisionskommandeur 1st Division BrigGen John S. Bowen Army Corps MajGen Sterling Price in Pem­berton's Army of the Mississippi (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign a,a,O., vol. I S. 45).

 

CS-Commander von Grand Gulf / MS im April/Mai 1863 (Winschel, Triumph & Defeat, a.a.O., S. 21); verteidigte bravourös gegen Grant's Landung bei Grand Gulf und am 1.5.1863 bei *Port Gibson. Er rieb während der Belagerung von Vicksburg seine Gesundheit auf und starb eine Woche nach der Übergabe der Stadt-Festung.

 

Photo:

- Davis/Wiley, Photographic History, a.a.O., S. 30

- Winschel, Triumph & Defeat, a.a.O., S. 21

 

 

Bowen, Roland E.:

US-Pvt; Co. B, 15th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 R9oll 4).

 

Bowen participated in nearly every encampment and battle of the Army of the Potomac.

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bowen, Roland E. (15th Mass Infantry): From Ball‘s Bluff to Gettysburg and Beyond: The Civil War Letters of Private Roland E. Bowen, 1861-1864 (Thomas Publications, Gettysburg); 268 pp; edited by Gregory A. Coco. 64 letters document his experiences with the 15th Mass

 

 

Bower, B. A.:

CS-Captain; 1863 Captain Co C 13th Alabama Infantry (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 85).

 

 

Bowers, Claude:

November 20, 1878 in Westfield, Indiana – † January 21, 1958 in New York City) was an American historian, Democratic Party politician, and President Franklin D. Roosevelt's ambassador to Spain (1933-1939) and Chile (1939-1953). His histories of the Democratic Party in its formative years from the 1790s to the 1830s helped shape the party's self-image as a powerful force against monopoly and privilege. As ambassador he worked to keep the United States out of the Spanish Civil War of 1936-39 (vgl. wikipedia, Stichwort 'Claude Bowers', Abruf v. 3.4.2017).

 

Bowers began his career as a journalist with a newspaper in Terre Haute, Indiana. While residing there, he became the Democratic candidate for the US House of Representatives, at the request of powerful Democratic leader John Edward Lamb. Though he lost, the experience polished his abundant speaking skills. Bowers's enormously popular books Party Battles of the Jackson Period (1922) and Jefferson and Hamilton: The Struggle for Democracy in America (1925) were political manifestos that denounced the Federalist Party, the Whig Party, and the Republican Party, as bastions of aristocracy, and hailed the Democrats as true heroes. Bowers was an editorial writer for the New York World from 1923 to 1931, and a political columnist for the New York Journal from 1931 to 1933. In his very popular histories, he promoted the idea that Thomas Jefferson had founded the Democratic Party. President Franklin Roosevelt, an avid reader of Bowers was impressed enough to build the Jefferson Memorial and appoint him the US ambassador to Spain in 1933. Bowers's The Tragic Era (1929) attracted wide attention for its attack on the Republican Party, which Bowers believed humiliated the South and corrupted the North during Reconstruction. His work popularized the Dunning School, which "provided an intellectual foundation for the system of segregation and black disenfranchisement that followed Reconstruction." He was the temporary chairman of the 1928 Democratic National Convention where he gave a keynote speech. Roosevelt appointed him ambassador to Spain and later Chile (vgl. wikipedia, Stichwort 'Claude Bowers', Abruf v. 3.4.2017).

 

Although disillusioned when the New Deal veered the country away from pristine low-budget Jeffersonian principles, Bowers held his tongue and never criticized his patron. His biography of Senator Albert J. Beveridge, Beveridge and the Progressive Era (1932), was non-polemical and of high quality. He continued writing late into his life, completing My Mission to Spain in 1954, which chronicled his time in Spain as ambassador, covering both his travels throughout the country, and the hectic politics that foreshadowed the Spanish Civil War. Bowers was highly critical of what he saw as fascist agitation and strongly defended the regime of the Spanish Second Republic. He died of leukemia in 1958 and is buried at Highland Lawn Cemetery in Terre Haute, Indiana (vgl. wikipedia, Stichwort 'Claude Bowers', Abruf v. 3.4.2017).

 

Literatur:

- **Bowers, Claude G.: The Tragic Era (Cambridge, Mass. 1929)

- **Stampp: Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 4-6 (Bowers has been the chief disseminator of the traditional picture of reconstruction. For Bowers reconstruction was a time of almost unrelieved sordidness in public and private life; whole regiments of villains march through his pages: the corrupt politicians who dominated the administration of Ulysses S. Grant; the crafty, schemming northern carpetbaggers who invaded the South after the war for political and economic plunder; the degraded and depraved southern scalavags who betrayed their own people; and the ignorant, barbarous, sensual negroes who threatened th Africanize the South and destroy its Caucasian civilization. … The Southern people literally were put to the torture … [by ] rugged conspirators … [who] assumed the pose of philanthropists and patriots ...“)

 

 

Bowie, Walter:

CS-Agent; Vorkriegszeit Rechtsanwalt; einer von Lee's führenden Agenten und Scout, insbesondere im südlichen Maryland; Bowie benutzte den Decknamen "Wat". Im November 1862 wurde Bowie enttarnt und zum Tod am Galgen verurteilt. Ihm gelang buchstäb­lich auf dem Weg zum Galgen die Flucht. Auf Bowie gehen die entscheidenden Informationen an Robert E. Lee über US Grant's Strategie in der Wilderness Campaign zurück. Sein Report datiert vom 27.4.1864. Bowie wurde 13.9.1864 als Lieutenant einer neu aufgestellten Kompanie von Mosby's Truppen eingesetzt, möglicherweise im Zusammenhang mit einem geplanten Attentat gegen Lincoln. Ende September unternahm er mit 25 Mann einen Raid ins südliche Maryland Richtung Washington. Hierbei wurde Bowie während eines Gefechts in Sandy Springs, bekannt als Battle of Rickett's Run, getötet (vgl. Tidwell: Come Retribution, a.a.O., S. 21; Markle: Spies and Spymasters, a.a.O., S. 114).

 

 

Bowler, Charles Pendleton:

US-Sergeant; Co. C, 7th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 10); zuvor 7th Regiment Ohio Infantry (3 months) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 10).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Bowler, Charles Pendleton (Sergeant; Co. C, 7th Regiment Ohio Infantry): Letter; Bowler Family Papers, Virginia Historical Society, Richmond/VA

 

 

Bowles, Pinckney Downey:

CS-Col (BrigGen streitig); zunächst Captain Co E 4th Alabama Infantry; promoted Major 22.8.1862; 1863 Col 4th Alabama Infantry; im Sommer 1863 wurde Bowles aus unbekannten Gründen durch den Brigadekommandeur BrigGen Evander McIver *Law unter Ar­rest gestellt und durch ein Kriegsgericht zu vier Monaten Arrest verurteilt. Bowles wandte sich vergeblich an den Korpskommandeur MajGen James Longstreet wegen Überprüfung seiner Sache. Regimentsführer war währenddessen LtCol Lawrence H. *Scruggs (vgl. Penny / Laine: Struggle for the Round Tops, a.a.O., S. 23). Beförderung zum BrigGen umstritten (vgl. Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 39).

 

Photo:

- Allardice, a.a.O., S. 39

 

 

Bowles, Dr. William A.:

Führer der *Copperheads in Indiana. In der Erkundungs- und Aufklärungsphase vor Morgan's Raid wurde vor allem Freiwillige der 9th Kentucky Cavalry eingesetzt, die unter Führung von Hines' ab dem 17.6.1863 über den Ohio River aufklärten. Hierbei kam es zur Kontaktaufnahme mit Dr. William A. Bowles, den Anführer der *Copperheads in Indiana (vgl. Horwitz: Longest Raid, a.a.O., S. 44; John *Conrad, Family History, a.a.O., S. 194).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Horan, James D.: Confederate Agent. A Discovery in History, New York 1954 (Anm. McPherson: Für die Freiheit, a.a.O., S. 943 Anm. 25 beurteilt Horan's Werk als "einem mit Vorsicht zu genießenden Sensationsbericht, der sich stark auf die Memoiren Hines' und anderer konföderierter Agenten stützt."

- **Klement, Frank L.: The Limits of Dissent: Clement L. Vallandigham and the Civil War (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1970)

- **Klement, Frank L.: The Copperheads of the Middle West (Chicago: Chicago University of Chicago Press, 1960)

- **Klement, Frank L.: Dark Lanterns. Secret Political Societies, Conspiracies, and Treason Trials in the Civil War, Baton Rouge, 1984 (McPherson: Für die Freiheit, S. 943 Anm. 25 beurteilt Klements Auffassung wie folgt: "Klement, der führende Historiker der *Cop­perheads, hält die meisten Beweise für deren heimliche Komplizenschaft mit den Rebellen für ein Gespinst aus 'Gerüchten, Vermu­tungen und freie Erfindung', das von den Republikanern aus politischen Gründen in die Welt gesetzt worden sei. Aber auch Klement räumt ein, daß mehrere Friedensdemokraten 1864 von Agenten der Konföderation Geld und Waffen bekommen haben")

 

 

Bowman, Alpheus H.:

US-BrigGen (reg. Army); Captain, Co. B, 91st Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 11); Bow­man war in einem Court Marshal vom 20./21.8.1862 in Alexandria/VA (unter Vorsitz von Col. Edward E. Wallace (Regiments­kommandeur 91st Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry) schuldig befunden worden, einen Untergebenen mißhandelt zu haben. Bowman hatte seinen Untergebenen Lieutenant Morris Kayser, Co. B, 91st Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry als 'Liar“ bezeichnet und ihm im Provost Marshal Office des Regiments ins Gesicht geschlagen. Hintergrund waren Rivalitäten zwischen Beiden und Captain Bow­man verdächtigte Lt. Kayser, die Position des Kp-Chef anzustreben und Bowman zu verdrängen. Konkreter Anlaß der Auseinander­setzung war, daß Lt. Kayser das tägliche Rapportbuch unterzeichnet, obwohl Captain Bowman anwesend war. Das Urteil lautete auf unehrenhafte Entlassung aus der US-Army. However, because they believed that Kayser had practiced "a long and aggravated series of provocations", they asked the reviewing authority to reduce the sentence to this: "That the prisoner be suspended 3 months--all pay + allowances stopped--that he shall be confined to camp while in camp or garrison and when on the march that he march in rear of his company". Despite their request, on 12 September 1862, the original sentence was confirmed, and he was dismissed. [sources: 9, 13, 14, 17, 27 (by order of General Wadsworth, dated 10 September 1862), 40 (same as 27)]

 

Das Kriegsgericht begründete sein Ur­teil wie folgt: „The foregoing sentence having been found in accordance with the evidence as we believe as by our oaths we were bound to do. We the following named members of the Court Martial, believing that there had been a long and aggravated series of provocations practiced upon the prisoner by his first Lieut Morris Kayser culminating in the act of signing the Co. morning report while prisoner [Anm.: Captain Bowman] was in quarters (see testimony of Sergt) which immedia­tely preceded the act of striking; to­gether with repeated disrespectful conduct by said Lieut towards Capt. Bowman the prisoner, were circumstances which--although they do not justify prisoner's conduct--should be received in mitigation of prisoner's punishment (vgl. National Archives and Records Administration; Kriegsgerichtsverfahren gegen Captain Bowman; vgl. http://freepages.military.roots­web.ancestry.com/~pa91/ pbow­ma1c.html#elder).

 

He was on "special duty engaged at the battle of Chantilly, Va." on 1 September 1862. His horse was killed under him in an assault on a railroad crossing. He was injured by the fall, and spent the night on the field. The Secretary of War apparently wrote a letter gi­ving him permission to re-enter the army "with Gov. permission" (presumably, with the Pennsylvania Governor's permission). It is tempting to think that his service at Chantilly may have played a role in the Secretary's decision. On 13 December 1862, he was again dismissed, along with fifteen other officers, "by direction of the President", "for being in the city of Washington without proper aut­hority".Morris Kayser later refers to this, claiming that he was dismissed a second time, by order of the President, after he had been reinstated, and while he was still in Washington DC. He was recommissioned on 15 December 1862. According to the January-Fe­bruary 1863 muster roll, he was reinstated on 12 September 1862, but was mustered into service on 22 December 1862. Perhaps the effective date of his reinstatement was 12 September, when he was dismissed. He was mustered into service for three years on 22 De­cember 1862, at Washington DC.

 

He was under medical treatment from 22 December 1862 to 12 February 1863. He reported for duty on 12 February 1863. When he returned, he corrected the false report of Joel Week's death. Also, Morris Kayser went absent without leave about the time Bowman returned to the regiment. On 18 March 1863, he led a detail on picket duty. He was commanding his company during the Battle of Chancellorsville, on 1 and 3 May 1863, and was slightly wounded in the left leg by a rifle bullet on 3 May 1863. He fought at the Battle of Gettysburg. LtCol Sinex gave him permission to fall back to the rear of the regiment on 2 July 1863, near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. On 8 August 1863, the regiment reported that he had not been heard from since then. He received a surgeon's certifica­te at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, recommending extending his leave for 15 days from 10 August 1863, because of gastric irritation. Another medical certificate, dated 27 August, recommended him for light duty, because of gastric irritation and diarrhea. He was sup­posed to report for duty to the departmental commander at Philadelphia; his leave expired 6 September. On 31 August 1863, someone wrote a letter under the pseudonym 'J Burnside', charging him with 'disgraceful conduct' while at Philadelphia, and (apparently) with leaving the battlefield at Gettysburg without permission. LtCol Sinex thought it was written by an officer with whom Bowman had long been "on unfriendly terms"; each "would consider he had done good service, by having the other Cashiered". It seems likely that the author was Morris Kayser. LtCol Sinex also said that Bowman had permission to leave the regiment at Gettysburg, that the de­nunciation did not make any specific charges, and that he had no information about his conduct in Philadelphia. His leave expired on 6 September 1863. On 9 September 1863, he was declared absent without leave. He reported for duty on 14 September 1863. He accompanied a fatigue detail on 20 September 1863. He was responsible for the loss of one axe in September 1863. He was honorab­ly discharged on 26 September 1863. He was captain of company B. The order dismissing him came from the Adjutant General's Office, Washington DC, dated 23 September 1863, and the regiment received it on 26 September. It apparently listed "dis[ability] and absence without leave" as the reasons for his discharge. After his discharge, a board of survey was appointed to inventory and report the condition of the public property transferred to Morris Kayser.

 

He then enlisted and was mustered into service as a private, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 24 December 1863 as a private in bat­tery L of the Third Pennsylvania Artillery, also known as the 152nd Pennsylvania Regiment. He was mustered in by First Lieutenant E H Miles, of the 3rd Artillery (152nd PA). He was then 22 years old, and claimed his occupation was "soldier". His enlistment was credited to the 4th district of the 24th ward of Philadelphia. He was paid $60 in bounty. He joined under Circular from Provost Mar­shall General's Office, in Washington DC, dated 24 October 1863. When he volunteered, he had to sign a declaration that claimed: „... that I have never been discharged from the United States service on account of disability or by sentence of a court-martial; or by order before the expiration of a term of enlistment; ...“ The surgeon who examined him had to fill out a form, which claimed Bow­man had never been sick, did not then have a disease, had never had fits, had never been wounded in the head, had never had a fracture, dislocation, or sprain, was not in the habit of drinking, was not subject to the piles, had no trouble urinating, had been vacci­nated against smallpox, and had a normal head, face, etc.. The only other comment is that he had a "varicocele", on "Genital and Uri­nary Organs". He attended Artillery School from 24 December 1863 to 21 March 1864. He joined the regiment on 4 January 1864. He was promoted to first sergeant on 24 January 1864. On 21 March 1864 he was appointed second lieutenant. On the same day, his application for ten days leave was approved. He needed the leave "to procure a military outfit" at his home in New York City. He joi­ned the Post of Fort Monroe, Virginia, where the 3rd Pennsylvania Artillery was stationed, on 1 April 1864, after his leave of ab­sence. He was detached from Fort Monroe for service at Cherrystone, Eastern Shore, Virginia, by regimental [?] order dated 6 April 1864. He continued there until July 1865 (vgl. http://www.google.de/imgres?imgurl =http://freepages.military.rootsweb. ancestry.­com).

 

Bowman wird auch als Lieutenant 3rd Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery (detachment) genannt (vgl. OR Series I Volume XLII Part III Page 1127 of 1369 - Richmond-Fort Fisher ).

After the war he was appointed first lieutenant on 1 September 1864. He was mustered in for three years, on 9 September, at Fort Monroe, Virginia, to date from 1 September. He had last been paid through 30 July 1864. According to the November/December 1864 muster roll, he was on special duty as Assistant Provost Marshall, Commanding US Forces in Northampton County, Virginia. He was at Eastville, Virginia. According to the January/February 1865 and March/April muster rolls, he was assistant Provost Mar­shall "Onancock [?] E.S. Va". According to the May/June 1865 muster roll, he was commanding Post Drummondtown. He received a telegram on 20 July 1865, relieving him of duty on the Eastern Shore of Virginia. He sent a telegram from Drummondtown to Major N. Church, the Assistant Adjutant General, asking whether he could have a few days grace, because it reached him late. He rejoined his regiment on 25 July 1865. He was present at Fort Monroe in August 1865. In September 1865, he was on special duty as a mem­ber of a General Court Martial, per District Special Order No 15 "C.S." [?]. In October 1865, he was absent on detached service in the Freedmen's Bureau, per District Special Order 86 "C.S.". He was honorably mustered out with his battery on 9 November 1865. 

 

General Bowman entered the military service of the United States in 1861, when he enlisted with the Pennsylvania Volunteers in the Civil War. In 1866 he was appointed a Captain in the Twenty-fifth regular infantry. He was with the colors for more than forty years, retiring in 1903 as a Brigadier General. 28.2.1842 Loudon County/VA - † 11.11.1826 Washington/DC im Alter von 84 J (vgl. http://freepages.military.rootsweb .ancestry.com/~pa91/pbowma1o.html). Sohn von Henry und Martha Bowman; die Familie zog be­reits 1850 nach Delaware. 1860 arbeitete Bowman als Drogist in Philadelphia/PA (vgl. http://www.google.de/imgres?imgurl =http://freepages.military.rootsweb.ancestry.com).

 

 

Boyd, Belle:

CS-Spionin; *9.5.1843 Martinsburg / WV; als 12jährige Besuch des Mount Washington College; mit 16 Einführung in die Gesell­schaft von Washington, ab da gern gesehene junge Frau in den Salons der "guten Gesellschaft" der Hauptstadt; Sezession zurückzu­führen auf eine "unequivocal declaration, by the merchants of New England, that they have resolved to exclude the landed proprie­tors of the South from all participation in the legislation of their common country." (Belle Boyd, In Camp and Prison, S. 44). Nicht die Abschaffung der Sklaverei war das Zeil des Nordens, sondern die Erlangung der ausschließlichen Macht in Verachtung der "gene­ral rights" (a.a.O., S. 44).

 

Sie versorgte während der Shenandoah Campaign Stonewall Jackson, mit den erforderlichen Informationen über Stärke, Zusammen­setzung und Absicht der US-Truppen und ermöglichte hierdurch Jackson' Erfolg im Battle of *Front Royal (Markle: Spies, a.a.O., S. 156).

 

Photos:

- Scarborough, a.a.O., S. 32

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Boyd, Belle: Belle Boyd in Camp and Prison (reprint; New Introduction by Sharon Kennedy-Nolle - New Foreword by Drew Gil­pin Faust; First published in 1865, London: Sauders, Otley, and Co., 1865); Belle Boyd’s memoir of her experiences as a Confedera­te spy has stood the test of time and interest. Belle first gained notoriety when she killed a Union soldier in her home in 1861. During the Federal occupations of the Shenandoah Valley, she mingled with the servicemen and, using her feminine wiles, obtained useful information for the Rebel cause. Band 1

- **Gilmore, Harry: Four Years in the Saddle. London: Longmans Green and Co., 1866, S. 73

- **Scarborough, Ruth: Belle Boyd. Siren of the South, Mercer University Press, Macon / GA 1984

 

 

Boyd, Cyrus F.:

US-1stLt; zunächst 1st Sergeant, Co. G, 15th Regiment Iowa Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M541 Roll 3), später 1stLt, Co. B, 34th Re­giment Iowa Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M541 Roll 3).

 

Aus Warren County, Iowa; zunächst Sgt 15th Iowa Infantry, später 1st Lt 34th Iowa Infantry; Cyrus F. Boyd served a year and a half as an orderly sergeant with the Fifteenth Iowa Infantry before becoming first lieutenant in Company B of the Thirty-fourth Iowa Infantry. Before his promotion, he was an intermediary between privates and company officers, a position that offered him uni­que opportunities to observe the attitudes and activities of both the unit leaders and their men. In this diary, the outspoken Boyd frank­ly expresses his opinions of his comrades and his commanders, candidly depicts camp life, and intricately details the gory events on the battlefield.

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Thorne, Mildred (ed.): "The Civil War Diary of C. F. Boyd, Fifteenth Iowa Infantry." Iowa Journal of History. Vol L (1952)

 

 

Boyd, David F.:

CS-Captain; 9th Louisiana Infantry; das Regiment gehörte im Frühjahr 1862 zur Brigade Richard *Taylor, Division Ewell; das Re­giment nahm an Jackson's Shenandoah Campaign teil; Boyd äußerte sich nach dem Krieg zum Verhältnis zwischen MajGen Richard S. *Ewell und Stonewall Jackson; Boyd behauptete, daß Verhältnis sei derart zerrüttet gewesen, daß Ewell seinen Untergebenen Brig­Gen Taylor, Schwager von Präsident Jefferson Davis, Ende April 1862 zu Präsident Davis geschickt habe, um Jackson ablösen zu las­sen (vgl. Pfanz: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 166; Boyd: Reminiscenses, a.a.O., S. 8-10). Pfanz (a.a.O., S. 166) hält diesen Bericht Boyd's für un­wahrscheinlich, da sich Taylor Ende April 1862 nicht zum Briefing nach Richmond begeben hat und auch kein weiterer Hin­weis für eine entsprechende Aktion Ewell's vorhanden ist.

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Boyd, David F. (Captain; 9th Louisiana Infantry): Reminiscenses of the War in Virginia. Edited by T. Michael Parish (Austin / Texas: Jenkins, 1989)

 

 

Boyd, John:

CS-Col und CS-Spion; Onkel von Belle *Boyd (vgl. Markle: Spies, a.a.O., S. 155).

 

 

Boyd, William H.:

US-Captain; 1st New York Cavalry; im Juni 1863 war die 1st New York Cavalry eingesetzt, Milroy's Supply Train beim Rückzug in Pennsylvania nach Harrisburg zu schützen; nach erfolgreicher Durchführung unternahm Boyd's Company auf der Straße nach Cham­bersburg, Pa. eine Aufklärung und stieß hierbei auf die Vorhut von Albert G. Jenkins' CS-Cavalry Brigade. Boyd, ein kühner und an­griffslustiger Führer griff sofort an und warf die CS-Vorhut nach Greencastle zurück (vgl. Coddington: Gettysburg Campaign, a.a.O., S. 162).

 

 

Boykin, Alexander Hamilton:

CS-Captain; 2nd South Carolina Infantry

 

Boykin raised the "Boykin Rangers" which later became the 2nd South Carolina Cavalry. This recounts his early career, plantation life and service of the "Rangers" as well as the battle of Boykin's Mill, the last organized battle of the East

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Boykin, Richard M.: Captain Alexander Hamilton Boykin, One of South Carolinas Finest Citizen (Jim Fox Books); 263 pp. Illustra­ted Reprint of 1942 title

 

 

Boykin, Edward M.:

CS-Col 7th South Carolina Cavalry

 

Documents/Literature::

- Chestnut, Mary Boykin: Diary of Dixie, a.a.O., S. 161, 389

- **Boykin, E. M., LtCol, C.S.A.: The Falling Flag: Evacuation of Richmond, Retreat and Surrender at Appomattox (Originally publis­hed in 1874): Boykin commanded 7th South Carolina Cavalry, Gary's Brigade as rear guard for Confederate retreat from Richmond and last line of battle at Appomattox

 

 

Boykin, Alexander Hamilton:

CS-Captain; Onkel von Mary Boykin Chestnut; er führte während der Schlacht von Williamsburg (5.5.1862) einen Teil von Stuart's Cavalry (vgl. Mary Chestnut: Diary from Dixie, a.a.O., S. 171). Boykin raised the "Boykin Rangers" which later became the 2nd South Carolina Cavalry.

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Boykin. Richard M.: Captain Alexander Hamilton Boykin, One of South Carolina's Finest Citizens (Jim Fox Books, 263 pp, Illus­trated Reprint of 1942 title); Boykin raised the "Boykin Rangers" which later became the 2nd South Carolina Cavalry. This recounts his early career, plantation life and service of the "Rangers" as well as the battle of Boykin's Mill, the last organized battle of the East

 

 

Boykin, Stephen:

CS-++++; Bruder der Mary Boykin Chestnut (vgl. Chestnut, Diary, a.a.O., S. 6)

 

 

Boyle, Cornelius:

CS-Maj; Provost Marshall at Manassas; er unterstützte 1861 Thomas *Jordan bei der Aufrechterhaltung des Spionagerings in Wa­shington unter Rose *Greenhow (Tidwell, a.a.O., S. 63). Boyle, ein erfolgreicher Physician in Washington, führte seit 29.4.1861 die Milizeinheit "National Rifles" aus Washington (Tidwell, a.a.O., S. 63; m.E. fraglich, da *Schaeffer Führer der Einheit war; vgl hier­zu: Farwell: Ball's Bluff, a.a.O., S. 22; vgl. Stone, Charles P.: "Washington on the Eve of the War," Century Magazine Ausgabe Juli 1883; abgedruckt in: Van Doren Stern: Secret Missions, a.a.O., S. 37, 40; da die National Rifles nach der Sezession nach Alexandria verlegt wurden, könnte Boyle allerdings Schaeffer's Nachfolger gewesen sein).

 

 

Boyle, James:

US-Pvt; Co. B, 3rd Regiment Iowa Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M541 Roll 3).

 

Teilnahme am Skirmish von Forster's Farm während des Battle of Pea Ridge am 7.3.1862 (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 101 mit S. 357 Anm. 29).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Boyle, James: Journal, State Historical Society of Iowa, Des Moines / Iowa

 

 

Boyle, Jeremiah T.:

US-BrigGen; Boyle kommandierte im Juli 1863 the Army of Ohio's District of Kentucky in Louisville (vgl. Horwitz: The Longest Raid, a.a.O., S. 38).

 

 

Boyle, John Richards:

 

Literatur:

- Boyle, John Richard: Soldiers True, The Story of the One Hundred and Eleventh Regiment Pennsylvania ... Volunteers (New York 1903)

 

 

Boynton, Jonathan Wellington W.:

US-Pvt; Co. F, 157th New York Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 13).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Boynton, W. W.: „Memoirs Jonathan W. W. Boynton, 157th N.Y.“, Civil War Miscellaneous Collection, US Army Military History Institut, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania

 

 

Bozworth, James:

US-Pvt; aus Connecticut

 

Documents/Literature::

- Bozworth, James: Correspondence, 1862-63. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in the Connecticut troops in the Civil War. Letters written from Camp Sigel, Maryland, and West Philadelphia Hospital, Pennsylvania, to Franklin Sherwood of Bridgeport, Connecticut. In Septem­ber 1862 he thanks Sherwood for previous letters and invites him to his encampment in Maryland. He writes in 1863 from General Hospital in West Philadelphia that the corps filled up the hospital to its utmost capacity, and that he wants Sherwood to visit and bring letters of recommendation to have himself transferred to New Haven, Connecticut. Hopes Sherwood is not "frightened into a fever by the prospect of the conscription." (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms89-058).

 

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