Version 11.7.2019

 

Litera B

(Be)

 

Beach, Frank (Francis):

US-Col; Co. F&S, 16th Regiment Connecticut Infantry (National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 1; first name given as 'Frank'; Gordon, Lesley J.: „All Who Went into That Batt­les Were Heroes“; in: Gallagher (ed.): Antietam Campaign, a.a.O., S. 171, first Name given as 'Francis').

 

Beach was professional Officer, 1857 West Point; he had served in Utah and on the western plains fighting Indians; he was son of prominent Hartford banker George Beach (Gordon, Lesley J.: „All Who Went into That Battles Were Heroes“; in: Gallagher (ed.): Antietam Campaign, p. 171).

 

Photo:

- Gordon, Lesley J.: „All Who Went into That Battles Were Heroes“; in: Gallagher (ed.): Antietam Campaign, a.a.O., S. 171: Col Francis Beach (Original Connecticut State Archives, RG 69:23, box 10, folder B, MCH copy negative)

 

 

Beach, John N.:

US-Surgeon; Co. F&S, 40th Regiment Ohio Infantry (National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 6); auch 'John M. Beach'

 

Während der Atlanta Campaign 1864 gehörte die 40th Ohio Infantry unter Col Jacob E. Taylor zur 2nd Brigade BrigGen Walter C. Whitaker, 1st Division MajGen David S. Stanley, IV. Corps MajGen Oliver Otis *Howard, MajGen George H. Thomas’ Army of the Cumberland (B & L vol. IV, S. 284). Teilnahme am Battle of Resaca am 14./15.5.1864. Die Division Stanley war hierbei am äußers­ten linken Flügel der US-Front eingesetzt, wo sie praktisch in der Luft hing. Gegen diesen Flügel erfolgte der CS-Angriff von Gen Hood mit den Divisionen Stewart und Stevenson mit dem Ziel Sherman‘s Army zu flankieren und sie von ihren rückwärtigen Verbin­dungen nach Snake Creek Gap abzuschneiden. Der Angriff wurde erst im letzten Moment, nachdem die US-Front bereits zerbrochen war, durch Captain Simonson‘s Artillery im direkten Beschuß zusammen geschossen (Castel: Decision in the West, p. 163 ff).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Beach, John N.: History of the Fortieth Ohio Volunteer Infantry (London / Ohio: Sheperd & Craig Printers, 1884)

 

 

Beach, William A.:

US-Pvt; Co. H, 154th Regiment New York Infantry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 8).

 

 

Beach, William H.:

US-Pvt; Co. B, 10th Regiment Indiana Infantry (National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 5).

 

 

Beach, William H.:

CS-First Sergeant; Co. E, 21st Regiment Mississippi Infantry (National Park Soldiers M232 Roll 3; McPherson: For Cause & Comrades, p. 7, 8). Beach was a planter's son and had attended Princeton (McPherson: For Cause & Comrades, p. 8).

 

 

Beach, William H.:

US-1stLt/Adjutant; Co. F&S, 1st Regiment New York Cavalry; zunächst Sergeant, Co. B, 1st Regiment New York Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 8).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Beach, William H. (Sgt., Co. B): The First New York (Lincoln) Cavalry From April 19, 1861 to July 7, 1865 (Lincoln Cavalry Association, N. Y., 1902)

 

 

Beach, William H.:

US-Blacksmith; Co. C, 1st Regiment New York Veteran Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 8); original filed under 'William H. Beech'.

 

 

Beach, William H.:

US-Pvt; Co. E, 2nd Regiment New York Veteran Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 8).

 

 

Beach, William H.:

US-Pvt; Co. L, 5th Regiment Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery (204th Volunteers) (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 6).

 

 

Beach, William H.:

CS-Corporal; Co. G, 5th Regiment Virginia Infantry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 4).

 

 

Beach, William H.:

CS-Pvt; Co. F, 6th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 4).

 

 

Beach, William H.:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 11th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 4).

 

+++++

 

Beach, William H.:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 11th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 4).

 

 

Beal, George Lafayette:

US-MajGen (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 52); Captain, Co. G, 1st Regiment Maine Infantry (3 months, 1861) (National Park Soldiers M543 Roll 2); Col, Co. F&S, 10tr Regiment Maine Infantry 26.10.1861 (National Park Soldiers M543 Roll 2; Boatner: Dictionary, p. 52); mustered out 8.5.1863, and commissio­ned Col, Co. F&S, 29th Regiment Maine Infantry 17.12.1863 (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 52); BrigGen 30.11.1864, he commanded, in the Gulf, 2, 1 XIX (15.2.-24.3.1864) and 1, 1, IXIX (18.4.-5.7.1864). He also led the brigade in the Army of the Shenandoah (6.8.-14.10.1864 and 13.12.1864-20.5.1865) and let 1st Brigade, 1st Pro. Div., Army Shenandoah, and 1, Dwight's Division, XXII, Washington. Bre­veted for war service (BrigGen 22.8.1864 and MajGen), he was mustered out in 1866 (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 52);

 

1862 Col. 10th Maine Infantry; Battle of Cedar Mountain (Battles and Leaders, vol. II., S. 496).

 

 

Beall, John Yates:

CS-Spion, CS-Lt.; Beall stammte aus wohlhabender Familie aus dem Jefferson County, VA; bei Kriegsausbruch Private in "Bott's Greys", Co. G, 2nd Virginia Infantry, Stonewall Brigade (Robertson, p. 16); ausgeschieden wegen Verwundung; im Februar 1863 schlug Beall in einem Memorandum vor, in der Chesapeake Bay einen "privateering Raid" gegen US-Schiffe durchzuführen, worauf­hin er als Acting Master in die CS-Navy aufgenommen wurde; ab August 1863 führte Beall Aktionen durch, bei denen ein Schooner und vier Fischerboote aufgebracht wurden, das Seekabel zwischen Fort Monroe und Washington gekappt und der Leucht­turm am Cape Charles zerstört wurde. Später schloß sich Beall der CS-Secret Service Gruppe in Kanada an und war am Versuch be­teiligt, die USS-Michigan auf dem Lake Erie zu kapern. Nach dem Fehlschlag gehörte Beall zu einer Secret Service Gruppe um *Booth, die im Norden Anschläge planten. Nach einem fehlgeschlagenen Versuch, einen Zug mit gefangenen CS-Generälen bei de­ren Verlegung mittels Eisenbahntransport im Staat New York zu befreien, wurde Beall am 16.12.1864 in Buffalo festgenommen; ein Befreiungsver­such schlug fehl; Beall wurde am 24.2.1865 in New York am 23.2.1865 nach Todesurteil wegen Piraterie und Spionage am Galgen hingerichtet. Angeblich hat Booth bei Lincoln für Beall um Gnade gebeten, und nach der Ablehnung des Gnadengesuchs Lincoln er­mordet.

 

Documents/Literature:

- Confederate Veteran VII (1899), S. 66-69

- Confederate Veteran XXXV (September 1927), S. 337-39

- **Headley, John W.: The Confederates Try to Born New York City; in: Headley: Confederate Operations on Canada and New York 1906 (abgedruckt bei Van Doren Stern: Secret Missions, p. 257, 267)

- Markle, Donald E.: Spies and Spymasters, p. 93

- Robertson, Stonewall Brigade, p. 16 und Anm. 10

- Tidwell, April '65, Confederate Covert Action, p. 93-94, 142, 145-46, 211, 237

 

 

Beale, George W.:

CS-1stLt; Co. C, 9th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (Johnson's); er trat als Sergeant in das Regiment ein (National Park Soldiers M384 Roll 4).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Beale, G. W. (9th Va. Cav.): A Lieutenant of Cavalry in Lee's Army (The Gorham Press: Boston, 1908; reprinted 1994)

- Beale, George W.: „The Story of General Averell's Interview with a Confederate Prisoner Retold“. Richmond Times-Dispatch, 4.3.1906

Beale, George W.: „General Wade Hampton: Tribute from a Virginian who Served Under Him.“ Richmond Dispatch 4.5.1902

 

 

Beale, Richard Lee Turberville:

CS-BrigGen; 1819-93; aus Virginia; Studium der Rechtswissenschaften; Rechtsanwalt; Abgeordneter im Virginia Congress und US-Congress; Im Mai 1861 1st Lt in Lee's Legion (Lee's Light Horse) und Patrouillen-Tätigkeit am Potomac. Captain im Juli 1861; Ma­jor im Oktober 1861. Im Frühjahr 1862 wurde seine Kompanie mit der 9th Virginia Cavalry verschmolzen. LtCol im April 1862. Col 9th Virginia Cavalry im Oktober 1862. Beale führte das Regiment in den Schlachten von Chancellorsville und Gettysburg. Schwer verwundet in einem Scharmützel im September 1863. Seine Truppen töteten Col Ulric *Dahlgren während dessen Richmond Raid und übermittelten die Dahlgren Papers nach Richmond. Im Spätjahr 1864 Brigadekommandeur. BrigGen am 6.2.1865. Seine Beför­derung erfolgte verspätet, weil Angestellte im Kriegsministerium seine Personalakte verlegt hatten und anschließend zum Militär­dienst eingezogen worden waren. In der Nachkriegszeit erneut Rechtsanwalt und Abgeordneter im US Congress.

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Beale, Richard Lee Turberville: History of the Ninth Virginia Cavalry in the War between the States (Richmond, 1899)

- **Beale, R. L. T.: "Part Taken by the Ninth Virginia Cavalry in Reppeling the Dahlgren Raid." Southern Historical Society Papers 3 (1877), S. 219-21

- Wakelyn/Vandiver: Biographical Dictionary of the Confederacy, p. 94

 

 

Beall, William N. R.:

CS-++General

 

 

Beals, Thomas P.:

US-Captain; Co. C&H, 32nd Regiment Maine Infantry; Beals trat als Sergeant in das Regiment ein (National Park Soldiers M543 Roll 2); auch Captain, Co. H, 31st Regiment Maine Infantry (National Park Soldiers M543 Roll 2).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Beals, Thomas P.: „In a Charge Near Fort Hell, Petersburg, April 2, 1864.“ In War Papers Read before the Commandery of the State of Maine, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, vol. 2, 105-115 (Portland, ME: Lefavor-Tower, 1902)

 

 

Bean, Theodore W.:

US-Captain; Co. L, 17th Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry (162nd Volunteers); mustered in as 2ndLt (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 6).

 

1863 in the Gettysburg Campaign, Bean was Staff officer in John Buford's cavalry division (Ryan: Spies, p. 18).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Bean, Theodore: „The 17th Penna. Cavalry … in the Gettysburg Campaign.“ Philadelphia Weekly Press, 27 June 1866

- Bean, Theo W.: „General Buford at Gettysburg – The Cavalry Ride into Pennsylvania and the Choice of the Field – The First Day on the Outposts Before the Arrival of the Infantry,“ Gettysburg Sources, 3 vols (Baltimore, MD, 1990), 3:73

 

 

Bear, Henry C.:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 116th Regiment Illinois Infantry (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 5).

 

Documents/Literature:Ryan

- **Temple, Wayne C. (ed.): The Civil War Letters of Henry C. Bear: A Soldier in the 116th Illinois Volunteer Infantry (Harrogate / Tenn.: Lincoln Memorial University Press, 1961)

 

 

Beard, Harry W.:

US-Captain; Co. EID, 30th Regiment Missouri Infantry (National Park Soldiers M390 Roll 3).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Beard Daniel Carter Family Papers, Library of Congress, Washington/DC, includes about 30 letters from Capt. Harry Beard, 30th Missouri Infantry, to his mother, 1862 - 65, concerning the Vicksburg and Mobile campaigns, operations along the Mississippi River, the Arkansas Post (Fort Hindman) expedition, and the occupation of Galveston, Tex., in June 1865. Provides information on the orga­nization and performance of black troops, attitudes toward black soldiers, camp life, morale, marches, discipline, foraging expediti­ons, diet, casualties, generalship, Confederate deserters, the appearance and treatment of prisoners of war, and the treatment of non­combatants at Vidalia, La., New Orleans, La., Vicksburg, Miss., Mobile, Ala., and Galveston, Tex. Also contains details on skirmis­hes with Gen. Wirt Adams (CSA) in Mississippi, and Gen. Henry W. Slocum's expedition toward Jackson, Miss., July 3-9, 1864

 

 

Beard, Jacob Waitsell:

CS-Pvt; Co. E, 57th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

17.3.1833 Newton, Catawba County, North Caroli­na - † 4.11.1882 Newton, NC., buried Eastview Cemetery, NC; ∞ 3.8.1877 Marga­ret Thornburg Beard (1853-1942) www.findagrave.com, ac­cessed 13.5.2018).

 

 

Beard, Richard:

CS-Captain; Co. E, 9th Regiment Confederate Infantry (National Park Soldiers M818 Roll 2); also 5th Confederate Infantry, 5th Regiment Ten­nessee (Library of Congress, Washington/DC).

 

1799-1880 (Library of Congress, Washington/DC).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Beard, Richard: Letter, 1875: Union and American, June 27, 1875, defending himself against accusations concerning the death of Gen. James B. McPherson in the Atlanta Campaign (Library of Congress, Washington/DC).

 

 

Beard, Robert M:

CS-Pvt; Co. B, 2nd North Carolina Artillery Regiment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

 

Beard, T.M.:

CS-Pvt; Co. G, 1st North Carolina Artillery Regiment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

 

Beard, T.M.:

CS-Pvt; Co. C, 4th North Carolina Infantry Regiment, originally filed under J. M. Beard (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

 

Beard, W. F.:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 12th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

 

Beard, W. H.:

CS-Pvt; Co. C, 57th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

 

Beard, W. J.:

CS-Pvt; Co. C, 57th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3); original filed under William Beard.

 

 

Beard, W. J.:

CS-Pvt; Co. H, 68th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

 

Beard, W. S.:

CS-Pvt; Co. B, 28th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

 

Beard, W. W.:

CS-Pvt; Co. C, 57th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

 

Beard, William:

CS-Pvt; Co. C, 4th Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry (59th North Carolina State Troops) (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

 

Beard, William:

CS-Pvt; Co. C, 57th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

 

Beard, William H.:

CS-Pvt; Co. E, 8th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

 

Beard, William C.:

CS-Pvt; Co. H, 58th North Carolina Infantry Regiment, ursprünglich from 5 (Palmer's) Battalion N.C. Partisan Rangers, dann with 60 N.C. Infantry, forming (New) 58 N.C. Infantry (State Troops) (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

 

Beard, William H.:

CS-Corporal; Co. D, 52nd North Carolina Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

 

Beard, William Harman:

CS-Pvt; Co. E, 13th Regiment Georgia Infantry (National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 4; Coco: Civil War Infantryman, p. vii).

 

Beard, a resident of Randolph County, had enlisted at Griffin Georgia on 8.7.1861 and was described as measuring 5' 6'' tall, with fair complexion, dark hair and gray eyes. During his time in the Regiment he was absent for only a few month in 1863 and 1864 due to typhoid fever He served in the regiment until captured at High Bridge, VA near Appomattox Court House on 6.4.1865. After serving 2 month and 20 days as a prisoner of war in 1865, Beard returned to his home near Cuthbert/GA where he died on 13.9.1921. Beard's Enfield rifle musket was picked up after the Battle of Gettysburg as a trophy, left behind by Beard for unknown reason. Beard had „personalized“ the weapon by carving his name in the stock (Coco: Civil War Infantryman, p. vii).

 

 

Beard, William M.:

CS-Pvt; Co. B, 25th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

 

Beard, William R.:

CS-Pvt; Co. I, 35th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

 

Beard, William W.:

CS-Captain, Co. F, 37th North Carolina Infantry Regiment; er trat als Second Lieutenant in das Regiment ein (National Park Sol­diers M230 Roll 3).

 

 

Beard, Windsor F.:

CS-Pvt; Co., 2nd North Carolina Artillery Regiment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

 

Bearde, James:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 14th Battalion North Carolina Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

 

Bearden, J. F.:

CS-+++; Co. F, 15th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 4).

 

 

Bearden, H. M.:

CS-2ndLt; Co. D, 39th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3). Anm. s. Second Lieutenant William M. *Bearden.

 

Ein H.M. Bearden wird als Corporal/Color Guard, Co. E, 1st Regiment, North Carolina Infantry (6 months, 1861) erwähnt (Na­tional Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

 

Bearden, Marcus J.:

CS-Quartermaster, Co. F&S, 58th North Carolina Infantry Regiment; er kam als Acting Quartermaster from 5 (Palmer's) Battalion N.C. Partisan Rangers. Consolidated April 9. 1862 (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

 

Bearden, William M.:

CS-2ndLt; Co. D, 39th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

 

Beardslee, Frederick E.:

US-Captain; 2ndLt Signal Corps (National Park Soldiers M1290 Roll 3); in the Chancellorsville Campaign he is named Cap­tain (Sears: Chancellorsville, p. 195). Son of the Magneto-Electric-Machine's in inventor (Sears: Chancellorsville, p. 195).

 

 

Beardsley, Ambrose E.:

US-Captain; Co. H&C, 20th Regiment Connecticut Infantry (National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 1).

 

Im September 1862 Lt Beardsley was detailed as Aid de Camps to the Brigade Commander, BrigGen Thomas L. Kane (Storrs: The Twentieth Connecticut, p. 29). On 27.1.1863 Beardsley was detailed as Brigade Inspector (Storrs: The Twentieth Connecticut, p. 43).

 

 

Beardsley, John:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 9th Regiment New York Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 8).

 

In summer 1862 Beardsley commanded the 4 mounted regiments to Sigel's Army Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia (Hennessy: Return to Bull run, p. 40).

 

Born on October 12, 1816, in Fairfield, Herkimer County, New York, John Beardsley was appointed to the United States Military Academy in 1837. He graduated 17th in the class of 1841, which included such future luminaries as John Reynolds, Robert Garnett, Richard Garnett, Don Carlos Buell, Nathaniel Lyon and Israel Richardson, all of whom would become generals in the Civil War.

Upon graduation, Beardsley joined the 8th Infantry. Beardsley served in the Seminole War in Florida from 1841-42, and in Mexico. In 1846 with the 8th Infantry, Beardsley participated in the Battle of Palo Alto and in the Battle of Resaca de la Palma. On June 18, Beardsley was promoted to first lieutenant.

 

The 8th Infantry was assigned to serve with the expeditionary force of Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott, then preparing for an amphibious landing at Vera Cruz. When the invasion began, the 8th Infantry participated in the Siege of Vera Cruz and in the Battle of Cerro Gordo, where their division played an important role in the rout of the Mexican forces. Fighting alongside his comrade in the 8th Infantry, Lt. James Longstreet, Beardsley fought in the Battle of Churusbusco and at the Battle of Molino del Rey, where he was severely wounded in action while leading an assault on the Mexican works.

 

His conduct at Molino del Rey caught the eye of his superiors, and Beardsley received a brevet to captain for gallant and meritorious service. It took him more than a year to recover from his wound, and he did not return to active duty until 1849, when he was promoted to Captain and company command in the 8th Infantry. After several more garrison assignments, and as a result of visual impairment and lingering problems resulting from his combat wound, Capt. John Beardsley resigned his commission on December 31, 1853, thus ending a twelve year career in the Regular Army marked by regular promotions and meritorious service.

 

The decorated war hero returned home to New York and took up a career in farming. He led a quiet life on his farm near Athens, New York until the storm clouds of Civil War gathered in 1861. In October of that year, the governor of New York appointed Beardsley as colonel of the 9th New York Cavalry, and gave him the task of recruiting, arming, and training the regiment. His commission was dated November 21, 1861. Interestingly, Beardsley brought two servants with him, Horace, a tall (5’8″) black man with black eyes and hair, and Kip, a dark complexioned male. Due to administrative problems, Beardsley’s command did not receive mounts until the spring of 1862, and had a troubled early history. At one point, while Beardsley struggled to train his demoralized recruits in the tactics of fighting on foot, a proposal was made to either disband the unit, or to assign its men to various artillery batteries. Elements of the 9th New York served with various artillery batteries and infantry regiments during the Peninsula Campaign. Finally, the regiment’s men rebelled and refused to serve with the artillery or infantry any longer. As a result of the near mutiny, Maj. Gen. George McClellan ordered the unit sent north to be mustered out of service in May 1862.

 

Put aboard ships, the New Yorkers expected to be mustered out of service upon their arrival in Washington, D.C. Instead, the men of the regiment went into camp and were surprised when orders for the regiment to be mounted arrived on June 21, 1862. The newly mounted troopers moved to the front in July 1862, joining Pope’s newly-formed Army of Virginia. Col. Beardsley reported to Maj. Gen. Franz Sigel, who assigned Beardsley to command a brigade of cavalry consisting of the 4th New York, 9th New York, 6th Ohio, and 1st Maryland. Given his background as a West Pointer, and his previous record of valor, John Beardsley seemed to be as good a choice to command a brigade of cavalry as Brig. Gens. John Buford and George D. Bayard, who commanded the other two brigades assigned to Pope’s army.

 

Buford and Bayard did outstanding service during what became the Second Manassas Campaign, prompting Pope to praise their service lavishly. However, the official reports are devoid of mentions of either Beardsley or his brigade. The brigade played a limited role in the campaign, its principal contribution being the capture of the Waterloo Bridge, near Warrenton, Virginia, on August 25. Elements of the brigade served with Buford’s troopers on August 30, participating in the short but fierce cavalry fight at the Lewis Ford, in the closing engagement of the Second Battle of Bull Run.

 

The rest of Beardsley’s command was assigned the hopeless task of trying to stem the stampede to the rear after Beardsley’s old comrade in arms, Maj. Gen. James Longstreet, launched his massive counterattack against the Union left on the afternoon of August 30. Thereafter, Beardsley ordered his men to form line of battle (in a single rank) to the east of Henry House Hill, astride the Warrenton Turnpike, to cover the retreat of the army. Beardsley’s brigade eventually followed the broken army off the field.

Beardsley’s report on the conduct of his brigade during the campaign is brief and cursory. His summary of the action ends by stating, “It would be difficult to enumerate all the duties which my brigade performed. It could not have done more. Without transportation, without supplies, almost constantly in the saddle day and night, frequently engaged with the enemy, they bore all without a murmur.”

Maj. Gen. Franz Sigel, Beardsley’s immediate superior, wrote only, “…the commanders of our small cavalry force have assisted me under all circumstances cheerfully and to the utmost of their ability…” Sigel’s failure to recognize Beardsley as the commander of his cavalry forces, and his insistence upon referring to all of the cavalry officers under his command perhaps demonstrates the corps commander’s displeasure with the brigade commander’s performance.

 

After the ignominious defeat at Second Manassas, Beardsley’s brigade returned to Washington, D.C. with the 11th Corps, where the unit served in the city’s defenses during the Antietam Campaign. Beardsley and his brigade rejoined the reconstituted Army of the Potomac in November. Sometime in late 1862, Col. Beardsley was put in command of the cavalry Convalescent’s Camp near Hal’s Farm in northern Virginia, where he remained until late February 1863. On February 24, 1863, General-in-Chief Henry Halleck sent a curious order to the Army of the Potomac’s commander, Major General Joseph Hooker. Halleck, via his Assistant Adjutant General James Barnett Fry, directed Hooker’s attention to the Convalescent Camp under the command of Colonel Beardsley, and instructed Hooker to issue the necessary orders for Colonel Beardsley to join his proper command, the 9th New York Cavalry. Why would the apparently low profile assignment of a relatively unknown colonel attract the time of the General-in-Chief of all federal armies, his able A.A.G. (who was described by Ulysses S. Grant as one of the best staff officers in the army ) and the recently appointed commander of the government’s principal army (Hooker was appointed in early February 1863)?

Fry’s order generated a brief and furious reaction. On March 10, 1863, Major Charles McLean Knox of the 9th New York Cavalry preferred court martial charges against Colonel Beardsley claiming disloyalty, cowardice and conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman resulting from a series of incidents occurring between August 6 and November 4, 1862. Major Knox alleged that Beardsley proclaimed, in the presence of enlisted men of his command, on August 6, that “we have no government that we are fighting for – no government; Congress is a mean, abolition faction; the Constitution is broken – we have no Constitution; the abolitionists of the North brought on this war; the Republicans are abolitionists.” Similarly, Beardsley allegedly said, “I would rather fight under Lee than under an abolition leader” on September 12 when he was informed that General Robert E. Lee had invited the conservative portion of the North to join Lee in putting down the administration in Washington.

 

Major Knox preferred more serious military charges regarding Colonel Beardsley’s actions in the face of the enemy. Knox alleged that Beardsley left his command while it was skirmishing with the enemy on September 1, 1862, when the brigade was serving as the army’s rear guard near Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia. Knox similarly alleged that, on November 4, 1862, during the 11th Corps advance from Centerville, Virginia toward Warrrenton, near New Baltimore, Beardsley precipitately retreated when his command first encountered enemy resistance, with Beardsley “manifest[ing] trepidation and fear . . . placed himself at the head of the retreating column and finally ordered the column to trot . . .” Knox pointed out that 40 men of the 9th New York Cavalry stopped the enemy advanced and drove the Rebels back to New Baltimore while Beardsley conducted his retreat.

 

Knox’s most serious charge related to Beardsley’s conduct on the battlefield at Second Manassas. Knox alleged that on August 30, 1862, Beardsley publicly berated Lt. Col. William Sackett, commanding Beardsley’s own 9th New York Cavalry, while Sackett tried to form line of battle “to stop a stampede that had commenced on the battlefield.” Beardsley allegedly interrupted Sackett’s dispositions of the troops, stating “[w]hat in Hell are you doing with the Regiment there – bring it around here – bring it here, I tell you – by file, march – trot – march – by God, you do not know how to handle a Regiment – I will put someone in command of it that does know how to form a line”. Remember, Beardsley was a career infantry officer whose cavalry regiment had received horses only a little over two months previous to this event. Knox believed that Beardsley’s words and actions indicated that Beardsley “was too much excited to know what he was doing.” Knox went on to allege that Beardsley then left the 9th New York and went to the rear, leaving the command under fire without orders. Lt. Col. Sackett kept his command in place until no more stragglers came his way, and then retired the regiment across Bull Run until he found Colonel Beardsley, from whom Sackett requested instructions. Knox alleged that Beardsley told Sackett to form on one side of the road, but then ordered the 9th New York to the other side of the road while retreating artillery was passing on the road. Knox inferred that Beardsley used the subsequent chaos in the road to abandon his command once again, and that he then rode off to Centerville, leaving the 9th New York formed without orders.

 

Finally, Knox alleged that Beardsley arrested Lt. Col. Sackett on September 8, 1862 while Beardsley was under the influence of alcohol. He averred that the inebriated colonel berated Sackett in an abusive and ungentlemanly manner. This episode involved a matter in which Beardsley never preferred charges against Lt. Col. Sackett.

 

Some support for Major Knox’s charges can be found. Lt. Col. Charles Wetschky of the 1st Maryland Cavalry stated in his official report dated September 17, 1862 that, on August 30, his command was ordered to stop stragglers until Colonel Beardsley subsequently ordered the 1st Maryland to form a line of battle on the right of the retreating column. Lt. Col. Wetschky stated that the line was promptly shelled by artillery, causing Beardsley to pull the line back behind a hill. Beardsley then ordered the 1st Maryland to remain in position until it received further orders. Wetschky reported that “the regiment was left without orders until the bridge over Bull Run had been nearly destroyed, when the officer in charge of the party who were ordered to destroy [the bridge] sent a message for the cavalry to come up in great haste – that he had just discovered that they were still in the rear.”

 

The report of Colonel William Lloyd of the 6th Ohio Cavalry, Beardsley’s final regiment, dated September 13, 1862, recites a consistent story of being formed to stop straggling infantry, and then being shelled by artillery while in position. Lloyd then states “[w]e were shortly thereafter ordered to withdraw, and with the brigade, conducted by Colonel Beardsley, we moved on toward Centerville with the then retreating army.” Is this a clever use of the passive voice, indicating that Beardsley was present during the retreat but that he did not give the order to withdraw from the battlefield proper?

 

Major Knox’s charges were sent to the 1st Cavalry Division on March 10, 1863. On March 12, Brig. General Alfred Pleasonton forwarded the charges to the Cavalry Corps. Pleasonton’s endorsement stated that “Colonel Beardsley . . . is not a proper officer to command a brigade, to which his rank entitles him and from the gravity of these charges, it would evidently be of advantage to the service if he was out of it.” The speed at which Pleasonton’s headquarters forwarded Major Knox’s charges seems to indicate that no deliberation was required before deciding that Beardsley should be removed from command as the spring campaigning season got underway.

 

Beardsley must have realized that he had little chance of retaining his command. He resigned as Colonel of the 9th New York Cavalry on March 14, 1863, and his resignation was speedily accepted by divisional headquarters and sent to the Cavalry Corps on March 16. Corps headquarters was obviously forewarned of the issue, because Colonel Beardsley’s resignation was accepted a mere one day later. Major General George Stoneman, commander of the Cavalry Corps, took time out of his busy schedule (the Battle of Kelly’s Ford was fought between Federal and Confederate cavalry on March 17, as blue clad horse soldiers forces under Brig. Gen. William W. Averell sallied south of the Rappahannock) to accept Beardsley’s resignation with the following endorsement: “Respectfully forwarded with the recommendation as strong as English language can express that it be excepted [sic].”

 

Even more remarkable than the events surrounding Beardsley’s resignation are the efforts made by many people to sweep these ugly incidents under the rug. Instead of elaborating on the reasons why Beardsley left the service, the regimental history of the 9th New York states only, “March 9….Col. Beardsley…rejoined the regiment…June 4, Lieut. Col. Sackett returned from Washington with a Colonel’s commission for himself and a Lieut. Colonel’s commission for Maj. Nichols. Col. Beardsley had resigned.” There were no other references to Beardsley in the balance of the 9th New York’s fine regimental history. An obituary of Beardsley that appeared in a West Point alumni publication simply stated, “Immediately after [Second Bull Run], he came back to the Regiment and assumed command and remained with it until he resigned his commission at Acquier (sic) Creek, on the Potomac, April 8, 1863.” There were no other references to the circumstances underlying the resignation stated.

 

Beardsley returned to New York, where he resided for the rest of his life. In the years after the war, he worked as a farmer and as a trust agent. He died in Athens, New York on February 18, 1906, and was buried in Athens Rural Cemetery. Despite the disgrace that marked the end of his military career, the obituary that appeared in a West Point alumni publication stated, “Colonel Beardsley was highly respected by all who knew him for his excellent qualities of mind and heart.” The cover-up of the circumstances surrounding the end of Beardsley’s career with the 9th New York Cavalry was complete. It is, perhaps, without precedent in American history that a West Pointer with such a distinguished pre-war service record would have his career end so ignominiously, followed by so extensive an effort to sweep the incident under the rug.

 

What happened to John Beardsley on August 30, 1862 that turned the hero of Molino del Rey into a brigade commander who reportedly shied away from combat and apparently abandoned his troops under fire? Perhaps the sight of the Union army being pushed off the plains of Manassas for the second time in 14 months, combined with Beardsley’s obvious contempt for the Republican administration, broke his will resist. Beardsley’s position, at the rear of the army, with all the normal incidents of tales of woe and defeat compounded by the very real success of Longstreet’s attack, could only lead an experienced soldier to the conclusion that John Pope, the Republicans’ hand-picked savior of the East, had badly mismanaged his command. Alternatively, Beardsley could be yet another anti-Pope Democratic old Army officer who fell before Edwin Stanton’s winnowing of the officers corps, as most poignantly exemplified by the Fitz John Porter court martial. This alternative may provide a reason for the involvement of Halleck in this affair.

Thus ends the strange saga of Colonel John Beardsley. A Civil War career that began with such great promise ended with secrecy and cover-up. Perhaps he should have remained a forgotten cavalryman.“ (Erik Wittenberg, in: „Rantings of a Civil War Historian“, 22.4.2009, http://civilwarcavalry.com).

 

 

Beardsley, Samuel R.:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 24th Regiment New York Infantry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 8).

 

Document/Literature:

- Beardsley, Samuel R.: Beardsley Collection. United States Army Military History Institute

 

 

Beardsley, William E.:

US-Major; 6th New York Cavalry; im Sommer 1863 gehörte das Regiment unter Regimentskommandeur Beardsley zur 2nd Cavalry Brigade Col Thomas C. Devin 1st Cavalry Division BrigGen John Buford Army of the Potomac (Martin: Gettysburg, p. 39; Pfanz: Gettysburg, p. 454).

 

 

Beatty, David:

US-bushwhacker in Tennessee; nick-named „Tinker Dave“; Beatty was a Unionist in East Tennessee and prior to the war a small far­mer in Fentress County/TN (Fisher: War at every Door, p. 64).

 

 

Beatty, John:

US-BrigGen; Col, Co. F&S, 3rd Regiment Ohio Infantry; mustered in as Pvt, Co. I (National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 6).

 

John Beatty (December 16, 1828 – December 4, 1914) was an American banker and statesman from Sandusky, Ohio. He served as a brigadier general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Beatty entered the banking business in Morrow County. Presidential elector for Lincoln/Hamlin in 1860. When the Civil War started Beatty volunteered as a private in the 3rd Ohio Infantry, serving in western Virginia. By 1863, he was commissioned as a brigadier general following his distinguished service in the Battle of Perryville, the Battle of Stones River, and the Tullahoma Campaign. He took command of a brigade of infantry and led it through the rest of the war. Beatty participated in the Tullahoma Campaign, the Battle of Chickamauga, and the successful Union attack on Missionary Ridge during the Chattanooga Campaign. He resigned his commission in January 1864 and re-entered the banking business. Following the war, he represented Ohio in the U.S. Congress from 1868 to 1873. Presidential elector in 1884 for Blaine/ Logan (wikipedia, keyword 'John Beatty', accessed 4.1.2019).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Beatty, John (3rd Ohio Volunteers): The Citizen Soldier: Or, Memoirs of a Volunteers (Time Life, NY 1983; Reprint; Originally Pu­blished Cincinnati, 1879); Beatty commanded the 3rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry soon after the attack on Fort Sumter. His diary from June 1861 to January 1864 details the battles of his regiment, which lost nearly 40 percent of its men at Perryville. He tells of horrific fighting at Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge and other battles with the Army of the Cumberland. Nevins calls this "Highly readi­ble observations on military affairs, slavery, officers, and places in both major theaters".

- **Ford, Henry S. (ed.): Memoirs of a Volunteer (New York, 1946)

 

 

Beatty, Taylor:

CS-Col; at first 1stLt/Captain, Co. C&A, 1st Regiment Louisiana Infantry (Strawbridge's) (National Park Soldiers M378 Roll 2). Col, General and Staff Officers, Non-Regimental Enlisted Men (National Park Soldiers M818 Roll 2).

 

1862 Battle of Shiloh as member of 1st Louisiana Infantry (1st Louisiana Regulars) (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 155, 125).

 

In the Chickamauga Campaign August-September 1862 Taylor Beatty was staff officer in Braxton Bragg's Army of Tennessee (Powell: Chickamauga Campaign: Mad Irregular Battle, p. 51); otherwise on 11.9.1863 mentioned as Captain/Judge Advocate Braxton Bragg's Army of the Cumber­land (Powell: Chickamauga Campaign, vol. I: Mad Irregular Battle, p. 51, 223-224).

 

Mitglied im Stab von MajGen John B. *Hood während der Atlanta Campaign (Castel: Decision in the West, p. 201, 412n, 422, 484);

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Beatty, Taylor: Diary (Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill)

 

 

Beaty, Powhattan:

US-1stLt; First Sergeant; Co. G, 5th Regiment US Colored Infantry (National Park Soldiers M589 Roll 6).; enlisted as Pvt in June 1863 (Photo Ohio Historical Marker, in: www.findagrave.com, accessed 16.1.2019).

 

Civil War Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient 6.4.1865: he was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on September 29, 1864 at Chapin's Farm, Virginia. His citation reads: "Took command of his company, all the officers having been killed or wounded, and gallantly led it" (National Park Soldiers Medal of Honor; Glatt­haar: Forged in Battle, p. 276).

 

Beaty continued to distinguish himself in the 5th Regiment's further engagements. His actions during the Battle of Fair Oaks & Darbytown Road in October 1864 earned him a mention in the general orders to the Army of the Potomac. The regimental commander, Colonel Giles Shurtleff, twice recommended him for a promotion to commissioned officer. Nothing came of Colonel Shurtleff's requests, however Beaty did receive a brevet promotion to lieutenant. By the time he was mustered out of the Army he had participated in thirteen battles and numerous skirmishes (wikipedia, keyword 'Powhatan Beaty”, accessed 16.1.2019).

 

8.10.1837 Richmond/Va - † 6.12.1916 Cincinnati/OH; buried Union Baptist Cemetery (www.findagrave.com, accessed 16.1.2019). 1849 moved to Cincinnati/OH; after the War, Beaty was attorney and state representative (Photo Ohio Historical Marker, in: www.findagrave.com, accessed 16.1.2019).

 

 

Beaufort, Jean J.:

US-Corporal; geboren in Frankreich; gemustert in New Orleans nach der Besetzung durch US-Truppen; Co A, 2nd Louisiana Infan­try (US) bzw. Co B 8th US-Cavalry (Beyer / Keydel: Deeds of Valor, p. 552); Medal of Honor a, 20.7.1897 für seinen Einsatz in Port Hudson / Louisiana am 20 May 1863. Citation: Volunteered to go within the enemy's lines and at the head of a party of 8 destroyed a signal station, thereby greatly aiding in the operations against Port Hudson that immediately followed

 

 

Beaumont, Eugene Beauharnais:

US-Lt; West Point 1856; Lt im Stab von Gen Sedgwick im Spätsommer 1861; Sedgwick's Brigade lag nach dem Battle of 1st Bull Run au dem Gelände der Frobel Farm zwischen der Old Fairfax Road und dem Leesburg Turnpike in Alexandria / Virginia (Fro­bel, Diary, p. 57-58 mit Abb. S. 55 und 61); er gab an Klassenkamerad von Fitzhugh *Lee zu sein (Frobel, Diary, p. 59). Im November 1862 war Beaumont Lt im Stab von General Halleck in Washington (Frobel Diary, p. 125).

 

 

Beaumont, F.:

britischer Captain der Royal Engineers und britischer offizieller Beobachter während der Peninsular Campaign (Luvaas: The Mi­litary Legacy, p. 23)

 

 

Beaumont, Myron H.:

US-Major; 1st New Jersey Cavalry. Am 29.7.1862 ordnete LtCol Joseph Karge, 1st New Jersey Cavalry, von Elm House, Va. aus eine Aufklärung mit 150 Mann unter Führung von Major Myron H. Beaumont in Richtung Orange Court House an den Rapidan Ri­ver bei Madison Mills, mit dem Befehl, den Fluß nicht zu überqueren Beaumont vertrieb die an der Furt stehenden CS-Posten (Kar­ge's Report OR 12 [2] S. 110; Beaumont's Report OR 12 [2] S. 111). Beaumont unternahm am 1.8.1862 eine bewaffnete Aufklä­rung mit einem Battalion der 1st New Jersey Cavalry gegen Barnett's Ford am Rapidan (Karte bei Krick: Cedar Mountain, p. 18), und ver­trieb nach einem mehrere Stunden dauernden Feuergefecht die in der Mühle an Barnett's Ford liegenden CS-Vorposten (BrigGen Ba­yard's Report OR 12 [2] S. 88). Am 7.8.1862 machte Beaumont unter der Führung von BrigGen Bayard einen er­neuten Vorstoß Rich­tung Barnett's Ford. Hierbei stieß die US-Cavalry auf starke CS-Kräfte der Division Ewell, deren Vorhut aus Ro­bertson's Cavalry be­stand (BrigGen Bayard's Report OR 12 [2] S. 92-93).

 

 

Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Touant ("Old Bory"):

CS-General; *1818 New Orleans/LA - 1893; der Abstammung nach Kreole; West-Point-A 1838 (2/45), US-Berufsoffizier, Engineers; 1861 Superintendent in West Point; GenLt/Full General; Vorkriegseinsätze: Mexiko; 1861 Captain US Army (und brevet Major we­gen seines Mexiko-Einsatzes). Schwiegersohn von Louisiana-Senator John *Slidell. Bürgerkriegseinsatz: 1861 KomGen in Nordvir­ginia, Beschießung von Fort Sumter, Sieger von First Bull Run, Shiloh, Second Drewry’s Bluff, Petersburg, Carolinas; Befehlshaber der Rebellen in Virginia; im Dauerstreit mit Präsident Davis und General Joe Johnston wird der heißblütige Kreole an die Westfront versetzt; Beauregard (The Campaign of Shiloh; in: B&L vol. 1, S. 569) berichtet von einem Besuch Pryor's in Beauregard's Haupt­quartier in Centreville, Va. am 22.1.1862. Pryor, damals "Member of the Military Committee of the Lower branch of the Confederate Congress" bat im Auftrag des Congresses Beauregard dabei um Zustimmung zu dessen Versetzung von der CS-Army the Potomac zu den CS-Truppen unter Albert Sidney Johnson nach Columbus, Ky., wo Beauregard's Anwesenheit nach der CS-Niederlage in Mill Springs, Ky. dringend erforderlich war. Pryor teilte hierbei Beauregard mit, Präs. Davis wolle eine solche Versetzung nur bei Einver­ständnis Beauregard's anordnen. Hintergrund der Auseinandersetzungen waren vor allem Beauregard's in der Presse veröffentlichte Behauptungen, nach seinem Sieg von First Manassas habe Präsident Davis den angeblich von Beauregard geplanten kriegsentschei­denden Stoß auf Washington verhindert (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 23). Nachkriegszeit: Präsident einer Eisenbahngesellschaft; Schriftsteller unter dem Pseudonym Alfred Roman.

 

Beauregard zeigt andererseits fehlendes Verständnis für Logistik und neigt zu starker Überschätzung der Möglichkeiten seiner "grü­nen" unerfahrenen Truppen (Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, p. 27).

 

Beauregard konnte seine Zunge, nicht jedoch seine Feder im Zaum halten, und geriet dadurch in Konflikt mit Präsident Davis, der ihm an­fangs vertraute und ihn deshalb 1861 in das kritische Virginia als Oberkommandieren entsandte (Freeman, Lee's Lieuten­ants, p. 27).

 

Die regierungskritische Zeitung "*Richmond Whig" berichtete im Oktober 1861 über die Schlacht von Manassas 1861 und das Ver­hältnis zwischen Präsident Jefferson *Davis und Gen. *Beauregard; nach dem Artikel wollte Beauregard nach der Schlacht auf das schlecht verteidigte Washington vorstoßen, sei jedoch durch Präsident Davis hieran gehindert worden; die Pressebehauptung war un­zutreffend; Präsident Davis tadelte daraufhin Beauregard scharf, der nicht direkt antwortete, jedoch eine Stellungnahme im Rich­mond Whig veranlaßte (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 23)

 

Beauregard war Schwiegersohn des Louisiana Senators in Richmond John *Slidell (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 23).

 

Nach dem Tod von Gen Joseph E. Johnston im Battle of Shiloh (6./7.4.1862) the Command fell to Beaureganrd. He had a difficult re­lationship to President Jefferson Davis and within two months Braxton Bragg, the next ranking man in the Army of Tennessee, was appointed in Beauregard's place (Powell: Chickamauga Campaign, vol I.: A Mad Battle, p. 44). General Beauregard's replacement was controversial. Be­auregard abandoned Corinth and retreated, when Davis wanted a renewed offensive. Beauregard then took sick leave, a move which further annoyed Davis, who charged Beauregard with abandoning his command (Powell: Chickamauga Campaign, vol I. A Mad Battle, p. 44n6).

 

Photos:

- Längin, p. 21 und 33;

- Milhollen u.a.: Divided we Fought, S. 17

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Beauregard, P. G. T. „Notes on E. A. Pollard's 'Lost Cause'.“ The Southern Magazine, vol. 10 (January 1872), pp. 55-64

- **Beauregard, G. T.: Principles and Maxims of the Art of War - Outpost Service; general instructions for battles; Reviews (Charle­ston, 1863); reprint in: Beauregard, G. T.: A Commentary on the Campaign and Battle of Manassas (New York, 1891)

- **Beauregard, G. T.: A Commentary on the Campaign and Battle of Manassas (New York, 1891)

- **Beauregard, G. T.: "The Campaign of Shiloh; in: B&L vol. 1, S. 569-593

- **Beauregard, P. G. T.: „The Shiloh Campaign.“ North American Review, vol. 142 (1886), pp. 1-24, 159-84

- **Beauregard, P. G. T.: Papers. Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

- Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Touant (1818-1893) Gen., CSA Papers, 1844-83 (Library of Congress, Washington/DC). ca. 6,500 items. Chiefly official correspondence, letterbooks, telegrams, orders, endorsement books, and newspaper clippings relating to the Fort Sumter affair, the 1st Manassas, Shiloh, and Corinth campaigns, the defense of Charleston, S.C., and the Siege of Petersburg, and the consolidation of Confederate forces after the Battle of Atlanta. Also includes Beauregard's autograph manuscript "Remi­niscences," which was the basis for Alfred Romans' The Military Operations of General Beauregard (1884). Principal correspondents include Milledge Luke Bonham, Braxton Bragg, Howell Cobb, Samuel Cooper, Jefferson Davis, Wade Hampton, William J. Hardee, Daniel H. Hill, John Bell Hood, Joseph E. Johnston, Thomas Jordan, Robert E. Lee, James Longstreet, Francis W. Pickens, Leonidas Polk, Roswell S. Ripley, Earl Van Dorn, and Leroy P. Walker.

- Freeman, Douglas Southall: Lee's Lieutenants (Scribner’s, NY 1942-44 - im Original 3 Volumes, abgekürzte Ausgabe [zusammeng­estellt von Stephen W. Sears], New York 1998)

- **Roman, Alfred: The Military Operations of General Beauregard, 2 vols, New York, 1884

- **Snow, W. P.: Southern Generals. New York, 1865

- **Williams, T. Harry: P. G. T. Beauregard: Napoleon in Gray (Baton Rouge, 1954)

- **Williams, T. Harry: With Beauregard in Mexico: The Mexican War Reminiscenses of P. G. T. Beauregard (Baton Rouge, 1956)

 

 

Bechtel, Henry A. (D):

US-Captain; Co. D, 10th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (3 months, 1861) (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 7); aus Pinegro­ve, Schuylkill County/Pennsylvania (Bates: Pennsylvania Volunteers, vol. 1, S. 101); er stellte Bechtel's Washington Light Infantry Com­pany auf (= Co. D) (Valuska/Keller: Damn Dutch, p. 215 n7; dort wird er allerdings fälschlich 'H. H. Bechtel' benannt).

 

 

Bechtel, Henry B.:

US-Quartermaster Sergeant; Co. F&S, 167th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (Drafted Militia) (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 7; Inschrift auf seinem Grabstein auf dem Aulenbach's Cemetery, Mount Penn, Berks County/Pennsylvania [ www.findagra­ve.com, Ab­ruf vom 29.6.2016]).

 

18.4.1837 Pennsylvania - † 18.10.1914 Reading, Berks County/Pennsylvania; beerd. Aulenbach's Cemetery, Mount Penn, Berks County/Pennsylvania; S. v. George Bechtel (1793-1867) und Sarah Bright Bechtel (1794-1849) (www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 29.6.2016).

 

 

Bechtel, Jacob:

US-Corporal; Co. B&H, 59th Regiment New York Infantry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 8).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Bechtel, Jacob: Letter to Candis Hannawalt, 13.5.1863; in: Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania Military Park, Manuscript Collection

 

 

Beck, Aaron N.:

US-Sergeant; Co. C, 1st Regiment Ohio Infantry (National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 7).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Beck, Aaron N.: Civil War diary: 1861 – 1864. Beck was a sergeant in the 1st Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Company C. The diary covers campaigns in Tennessee and Georgia. Included are letters from others who served in Ohio units; Kansas Historical Society, Topeka/Kansas, MS 292 (Source: Arthur M. Beck, Byers, 1964)

 

 

Beck, Arnold:

US-LtCol; Co. C, 2nd Regiment Missouri Infantry; zunächst Captain Co. C (National Park Soldiers M390 Roll 3).

 

Beck führte das zu Laibold's Brigade gehörende Regiment in der Schlacht von Chickamau­ga. Bei dem Versuch, die vom Feind ge­worfene US-Division Davis aufzunehmen, ging das Regiment mit gefälltem Bajonett vor, ge­riet aber in ein so mörderisches Feuer, daß fast die Hälfte der Mannschaften des Regiments getötet oder verwundet wurden. Es verlor die Fahne, nachdem der Fahnenträger und die ganze Fahnensektion erschossen waren (Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, p. 481, http://­www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-soldiers-detail.htm?soldier_id=fa25ae80-dc7a-df11-bf36-b8ac6f5d 926a).

 

 

Beck, Elias W. H.:

US-Surgeon; Co. F&S, 3rd Regiment Indiana Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 5)..

 

Teilnahme am Battle of Brandy Station am 9.6.1863. 1863 gehörte die 3rd Indiana Cavalry zur 1st Cavalry Brigade 1st Cavalry Division Buford im Cavalry Corps Pleasonton's der Army of the Potomac. Die Brigade bestand aus 8th Illinois Cavalry, 12th Illinois Cavalry, 3rd Indiana Cavalry und 8th New York Cavalry (Gliederung B & L, vol III, S. 437). Elias Beck, Regimental Surgeon der 3rd Indiana Cavalry, schrieb in einem Brief an seine Frau vom 10.6.1863: "... our Brigade Comman­der Col. Davis was killed, ... (He) was ... a proud tyrannical devil - & had the ill will of his whole Command - § Il bet was killed by our own men (Elias W. H. Beck, "Letters of a Civil War Surgeon," Indiana Magazine of History, XXVII [1931], S. 154; Starr: Union Cavalry, vol. I, S. 378 Anm. 37).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Beck, Elias W. H.: "Letters of a Civil War Surgeon," Indiana Magazine of History, XXVII [1931], S. 154

 

 

Beck, John M.:

CS-

 

 

Becker, Adolph:

Col 46th New York Infantry Regiment (Fremont Rifle Regiment); Becker war der letzte Col des Regiments. Er trat 1861 als Pvt in das Regiment und machte alle Chargen bis zum Regimentskommandeur und alle Feldzüge mit demselben durch und zeichnete insbe­sondere bei Antietam und Petersburg aus (Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, p. 481).

 

 

Becker, Albert:

US-Pvt; Co. G, 43rd Regiment New York Infantry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 8). Age, 32 years. Enlisted, August 24, 1861, at Schenectady, to serve three years; mustered in as private, Co. G, September 16, 1861; died of disease, February 3, 1862, at Camp Griffin, Va. (Report of New York Adjutant General, Roster 43rn New York Infantry); beerd. Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington/VA (www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 29.6.2016 mit Photo des Grabsteins).

 

 

Becker, Bernard:

US-Corporal; Co. F, 6th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (3 months, 1861) (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 52); Co. F war vom deutschstämmigen Captain Henry I. *Hendler unter dem Namen 'Washington Yeagers of Pottsville' aufgestellt worden, in der viele Deut­sche dienten (Valuska/Keller: Damn Dutch, p. 215 n7; dort wird auf den Namen Becker hingewiesen, ohne An­gabe des Vorna­mens). Mustered in on 22.4.1861, mustered out of service July 1861 (Musterungsrolle 6th Pennsylvania Infantry Co. F).

 

 

Becker, Gottfried:

US-LtCol 28th Regiment Ohio Infantry Co F, S (http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-soldiers-detail.htm?soldier_id=6731ae80-d­c7a-df11-bf36-b8ac6f5d926a); Oberst des rein deutschen 28 Ohio Infanterie Regiments (Moors). Führte dasselbe von 1863 bis 1865, hauptsächlich im 9. Korps. In der Schlecht von Antietam war das Regiment das erste, welches den Antietam überschritt und die star­ke Rebellenposition jenseits desselben angriff (Kaufmann: Deutscher im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, p. 481).

 

 

Becker, Jonathan:

US-Pvt; 2nd Battery Kansas Light Artillery (National Park Soldiers M542 Roll 1); später (1865) Co. D, 213th Regiment Pennsylvan­ia Infantry (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 7).

 

 

Becker, Peter:

US-Pvt 58th Regiment Illinois Infantry (Co. F), aus Cook County, Chicago; Becker stammte aus Bayern, von Beruf Farmer; einge­mustert 31.12.1861; † 8.4.1862 Memphis/Tennessee als Kriegsgefangener (http://www.ilsos.gov/isaveterans/civilMuster Search. do?key=15919).

 

 

Becker, Peter:

US-First Sergeant 24th Regiment Illinois Infantry (Co. B); aus Cook County, Chicago, Illinois; Becker stammte aus Haßlach/Bayern, Beruf: Barber, joined 15.6.1861 in Alton Illinois, ausgemustert 6.8.1864 (http://www.ilsos.gov/isaveterans/civilMuster Search. do?key=15920).

 

 

Becker, Philip:

US-Pvt; Co. D, 2nd Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (3 months, 1861) (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 7).

 

 

Becker, Theodore:

US-Pvt 1st Regiment Illinois Light Artillery (Co. H)

 

 

Becker, William:

US-Pvt 43rd Regiment Illinois Infantry (Co. A)

 

 

Becker, William:

US-Pvt 16th Regiment Illinois Cavalry (Co. D)

 

 

Becker, William:

US-Pvt 10th Regiment Illinois Infantry (Co F)

 

 

Becker, William:

US-Pvt 8th Regiment Illinois Infantry Co. B

 

 

Becker, William:

US-Pvt 58th Regiment Illinois Infantry (F, C)

 

 

Becker, William:

US-Drummer 44th Regiment Illinois Infantry Co. B

 

 

Becker, William F.:

US-Pvt 8th Regiment Illinois Cavalry B, D

 

 

Becker, William F.:

US-Corporal 127th Regiment Illinois Infantry Co. I

 

 

Beckham, Robert F.:

CS-Major; als CS-Lieutenant war Beckham während 1st Bull Run auf dem äußersten linken Flügel zusammen mit Stuart’s Kavallerie eingesetzt; hatte an der erfolgreichen Flankierung der Unionstruppen erheblichen Anteil (Bericht von Col. Early, 6. Brigade der CS-Potomac-Armee bei 1st Bull Run; McClellan, Henry B.: I rode with Jeb Stuart, p. 36; (Swank: Courier, p. 13); nach dem Tod von Major *Pelham kommandierte er dessen berittene Artillerie; er fiel als Artilleriechef der Armee Hood’s vor den Schützengräben von Nashville.

 

Robert Franklin Beckham (May 6, 1837 – December 5, 1864) was a young artillery officer who commanded a horse artillery battali­on under J.E.B. Stuart and in the Army of Tennessee. He was mortally wounded at Columbia before the battle of Battle of Fran­klin on November 29, 1864. Beckham was born in Culpeper, Virginia. He graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point as a member of the class of 1859. Beckham ranked 6th in his class of 22. He then served as a lieutenant in the United States Engineers until 1861 and the outbreak of the Civil War. When the Civil War began, Beckham commanded an artillery battery which he led at the First Battle of Bull Run. He then joined the staff of General Gustavus W. Smith in January 1862, playing a key role at the Battle of Seven Pines. Beckham was subsequently elected captain of the Jeff Davis Artillery on March 31, 1862 but did not accept, continuing to serve as an ordnance office at the rank of major. Upon Stuart's request, Beckham was assigned to command the Stuart Horse Artillery after the death of Major John Pelham on April 8, 1863. Beckham was a personally brave officer who earned the approval of Stonewall Jackson at the Battle of Chancellorsville and a commendation for gallantry from Stuart at the Battle of Brandy Station. He was also a capable administrator, earning the praise of Stuart in administering his batteries and refitting them. In February 1864, Beckham was transferred west to command the artillery of the Army of Tennessee. He was promoted to colonel. While in command of the artillery, he was mortally wounded while commanding his guns at Columbia, the day before the Battle of Franklin, on November 29, 1864, dying several days later on December 5. He was buried in St. John's Churchyard in Ashwood, Ten­nessee (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Franklin_Beckham).

 

Photo:

Robert Franklin Beckham (Wise: The long arm of Lee, vol. 2).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Blackford, W. W.: War Years with Jeb Stuart, p. 32

- **Early, J. A.: Report of 1st Manassas; unpublished Manuscript (1867-68), abgedruckt bei McClellan: I rode with Stuart,

S. 35

- McClellan, Henry B.: I rode with Jeb Stuart, p. 36

 

 

Beckham, Robert J.:

CS-Pvt; Co. C, 7th Regiment Florida Infantry (National Park Soldiers M225 Roll 1).

 

 

Beckley, Alfred:

CS-BrigGen (Virginia Militia); 26.5.1802 Washington / DC - 26.5.1888; West Point 1823 (9/45); Lt US-Artillery bis 1836, dann resi­gned; Großgrundbesitzer in Raleigh County West Virginia seit 1835; daneben Methodist Preacher, BrigGen Virginia Militia, Dele­gierter auf der Whig Parry National Convention 1844; 17.5.1861 Col Provisional Army of Virginia; Beckley stellte die 35th Virginia Infantry State Troops auf; das Regiment wurde nicht in den CS-Dienst übernommen und aufgelöst; im Sommer 1861 BrigGen 12th Brigade Virginia Militia; er blieb militärisch erfolglos, und resignes am 8.2.1862 (Allardice: More Generals in Gray, p. 34)

 

Photo:

- Allardice: More Generals in Gray, p. 34

 

Documents/Literature:

- Allardice: More Generals in Gray, p. 34

- **Berkeley, Edmund and Dorothy: "John Beckley" (Philadelphia, 1973)

- **Eby, Cecil D., Jr.: "Memoir of a West Pointer in Florida, 1825." Florida Historical Quarterly, XLI (1962-63), S. 154-164

- **Eby, Cecil D., Jr.: "Memoir of a West Pointer in Saint Augustine, 1824-1826." Florida Historical Quarterly, XLII (1863-64), S. 307-320

- **Eby, Cecil D., Jr.: "Recollections of Fort Monroe, 1826-1828: From the autobiography of Lieutenant Alfred Beckley." Virginia Ma­gazine of History and Biography, LXXII (1964), S. 479-89

 

 

Beckwith, Amos:

US-Col; 1825-94; aus Vermont; West Point 1850 (21/44); US-Berufsoffizier, Artillery. Captain Comsy. of Subsist. 10.5.1861. Major Comsy. of Subsist. 29.5.1861. Col Add. ADC 1.1.1862.. Ausgemustert als Add. ADC 31.5.1866; LtCol Asst. Comsy. Gen of Subsist. 1874; Col 28.8.1888, retired 1889. Bvt BrigGen USV; MajGen USV. Brevets for Atlanta war service. Er diente im Bürgerkrieg als Chief of the Commissary Depot in Washington, Chief of Commissariat (Mil. Div. Miss.), in Sherman's Stab während der Atlanta Campaign und als Chief of Commissary im Department of the Gulf (Boatner, p. 55-56).

 

Beckwith wurde im November 1863 nach St. Louis / Missouri versetzt (New York Tribune v. 12.11.1863). Wegen des Artikels kam es zu einer Anfrage Lincoln an Secretary of War Stanton (Basler: Collected Works of Lincoln, vol. VII, p. 11: Brief Lincoln's an Stan­ford vom 11.11.1863 sowie Anm. m.w.N).

 

 

Bedell, Ransom:

US-Corporal; Co. G, 39th Regiment Illinois Infantry (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 6).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Bedell, Ransom: Papers (Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield / Illinois)

 

 

Bedford, Wimer:

US-Captain; 1stLt/Adjutant, Co. F&S, 48th Regiment Illinois Infantry (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 6); Captain 48th Regiment Illinois Infantry (Library of Congress, Washington/DC).

 

1835 - † 11.12.1905, burial Woodlands Cemetery, Philadelphia, PA: ∞ Cornelia Ann Bedford (1842-1901); Father of Ann Towns Bed­ford († 1878) and Fannie O. Bedford (1879-1881) (www.findagrave.com, accessed 23.3.2019)

 

Civil War Union Army Officer. He began his Civil War service with a commission of 1st Lieutenant in Company D, 18th Illinois Vol­unteer Infantry. He was mustered in on June 30, 1861, but only served until his resignation on November 17, 1861. On May 17, 1862 he was commissioned as 1st Lieutenant and Regimental Adjutant of the 48th Illinois Volunteer Infantry. He served in this capacity until he was tabbed by Brigadier General John E. Smith for his staff. Promoted to Captain, US Volunteers by the orders of President Abraham Lincoln, Wimer Bedford served as Assistant Adjutant General for the 1st Brigade of the 3rd Division of the 17th Army Corps. He served until he was honorably mustered out (www.findagrave.com, accessed 23.3.2019).


After the war he moved to Philadelphia, where he was the Secretary and Attorney for the Penn Guarantee Trust Company. He foun­ded the town of Lindenwold, New Jersey, which he named as a deriviation of the German for "Linden Forest". He had planned to have Linden trees planted along all the streets, but other trees were used instead (www.findagrave.com, accessed 23.3.2019)

 

Documents/Literature:

- Bedford, Wimer: Papers, 1864-65. Library of Congress, Washington/DC; 3 items. In part, transcripts. Diary (2 v.), Jan. 1, 1864-July 9, 1865, concerning Sherman's march to the sea, and a copy of Bedford's memoir, "Real Life in the Civil War." Contains details on the battles of Corinth, Port Gibson, Jackson, and Vicksburg, Miss., and Sherman's Savannah Campaign.

 

 

Bee, Barnard Elliott:

CS-BrigGen; 1824-1861; aus South Carolina; West Point 1845 (33/41); US-Berufsoffizier; Infantry; Bee diente an der Frontier und im Mexikokrieg, wo er sich auszeichnete und zwei Brevets erhielt; er trat im Rang eines Captain am 3.3.1861 aus der US-Army aus und als Major in die CSA ein (Boatner, p. 56; nach Davis: Battle of Bull Run, p. 84 erhielt er sofort eine Stelle als Col im Service von South Carolina); BrigGen seit 17.6.1861 (Davis: Battle of Bull Run, p. 84); Bee war unter Joseph E. Johnston im Juni 1861 im Shen­andoah-Tal Brigadekommandeur der 3rd Brigade bestehend aus 2nd and 11th Mississippi Infantry, 4th Alabama Infantry, 1st Tennes­see Infantry und Captain John D. Imboden's Staunton Artillery (Davis: Battle of Bull Run, p. 84; Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, p. 68); im Battle von 1st Bull Run / First Manassas forderte er die Soldaten seiner Brigade auf sich hinter Jackson's Männern zu sammeln: "Look! There is Jackson standing like a stone wall! Rally behind the Virginians." (Hattaway/Jones, How the North Won, S. 46). Kurz darauf erlitt Bee eine tödliche Verwundung an der er am nächsten Tag starb.

 

 

Beebe, William Sully:

US- First Lt, Ordnance Troops; erhielt die Medal of Honor für seinen Einsatz am 23.4.1864 bei Cane River Crossing / Louisiana. Vo­luntarily led a successful assault on a fortified position.

 

February 14, 1841 – October 12, 1898 was a Union officer who received the Medal of Honor on June 30, 1897 for his action at Cane River Crossing, Louisiana on April 23, 1864. Born in Ithaca, New York, Beebe graduated from West Point in 1863, receiving his commission in the ordnance branch. He continued serving in the Army until resigning in January 1874. He rejoined the Army at the start of the Spanish-American Warin June 1898, and served as an ordnance officer on the staff of general James F. Wade. Beebe contracted yellow fever while in Cuba and died later that year (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_S._Beebe).

 

Literatur/Urkunden:

- **Beebe, William Sully: Papers, Yale University Library: MS 915

 

 

Beecham, Robert K.:

US-Captain; Co. H, 2nd Regiment Wisconsin Infantry / Iron Brigade (National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 2; Martin: Gettys­burg, p. 403). Beecham fiel bei Gettysburg in Kriegsgefangenschaft (Herdegen: The Men Stood like Iron, p. 14). Beecham wurde ausgetauscht; he was discharged 15.12.1863, to accept promotion as lieutenant of the Twenty-third U.S. Colored Troops (Herdegen: The Men Stood like Iron, p. 221 n10), dort später Captain, Co. B&H, 23rd US Colored Infantry (National Park Soldiers M589 Roll 6).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Beecham, Robert K.: „The Corporal and the General.“ Milwauckee Sunday Telegraph, 14 December 1884

- **Beecham, Robert K.: "Adventures of an Iron Brigade Man," National Tribune, 1902

- **Beecham, Robert K.: Gettysburg. The Pivotable Battle of the Civil War (Chicago: A. C. McClurg & Co, 1911).

- **Stevens, Michael E. (ed.): As if it Were Glory: Robert Beecham's Civil War from the Iron Brigade to the Black Regiments (Madi­son, WI: Madison House, 1998)

 

 

Beecher, Harris H.:

US-Surgeon, 114th New York Infantry (auch Dr. Harvey H. Bercher++++)

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Beecher, Harris H. (Asst. Surgeon, 114th NYSV): Record of the 114th Regiment, N.Y.S.V, Where it Went, What it Saw and What it Did (J. F. Hubbard, Norwich 1866); 582 pp;

- **Beecher, Harris Harvey Dr..: Record of the 114th New York State Volunteers (Norwich, N.Y., 1866)

 

 

Beecher, Henry Ward:

24.6.1813 Litchfield / Conn. - † 8.3.1887 Brooklyn N.Y.; kongregationalistischer US-amerikanischer Prediger. Er wurde als achtes von 13 Kindern des prebyterianischen Theologen Lyman Beecher geboren. Nach dem Studium wurde er 1839 Pfarrer in Indianapolis, 1847 dann in Brooklyn. In seinen schon zu Lebzeiten als Bücher erschienenen Predigten trat er für die Gleichberechtigung der Frau und die Befreiung der Sklaven ein (Wikipedia, Abruf vom 17.11.2013).

 

Der glänzendste Kanzelredner des Landes“ und Bruder der Autoren von „Onkel Toms Hütte“, Harriet Beecher-Stowe (Kauf­mann: Die Deutschen im Amerikanischen Bürgerkriege, p. 55 Anm. 1).

 

Beecher vertrat in der Sezessions-Krise 1860 die Auffassung, man dürfe die zur Sezession gewillten Staaten nicht gewaltsam zum Ver­bleiben in der Union zwingen (Kaufmann: Die Deutschen im Amerikanischen Bürgerkriege, p. 55).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Applegate, Debby: The Most Famous Man in America. The Biography of Henry Ward Beecher. Doubleday, New York 2006.

 

 

Beecher, Herbert W.:

US-Corporal; 1st Independent Battery, Connecticut Light Artillery (National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 1).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Beecher, Herbert W.: History of the First Light Battery Connecticut Volunteers, 1861-1865 (New York, 1901)

 

 

Beecher, Jesse:

US-Pvt; Co. E,; 112th Regiment New York Infantry; Beecher emigrated from England in 1857 and became a prosperous wheelwright in an upstate New York village. In 1862, at the age of 37 and with 8 children, he enlisted in the 112th New York; great-great-grandfa­ther of author James McPherson (McPherson: For Cause and Comrades, p. 4). † Wilmington, North Carolina, wounded mortally in the attack at Fort Fisher 15.1.1865; buried Wilmington, National Military Cemertery (McPherson: For Cause and Comrades, p. 4).

 

 

Beecher, Robert Edes:

US-LtCol; Co. I,C,G, 73rd Regiment Ohio Infantry; er trat als Sergeant in das Regiment ein und wurde Second Lieutenant befördert (National Park soldiers M552 Roll 7). Promotions: 2nd Lieut 9/18/1862 (as of Co. C), Capt 6/30/1864 (Captain & Asst Adjutant Ge­neral), Major 3/13/1865 by Brevet und Lt Colonel 3/13/1865 by Brevet (http://civilwartalk.com/threads/photos-of-73rd-regiment-oh­io-volunteer-infantry, Abruf vom 1.6.2016). Enlisted on 9/16/1862 as a 1st Sergeant.


On 9/16/1862 he mustered into "I" Co. OH 73rd Infantry. He was discharged for promotion on 6/30/1864. On 6/30/1864 he was com­missioned into US Volunteers Adjutant Genl Dept. He was Mustered Out on 9/19/1865 (http://civilwartalk.com/ threads/ photo­s-of-73rd-regiment-ohio-volunteer-infantry, Abruf vom 1.6.2016).

 

1839 Ohio - † 27.3.1920, beerd. 1.4.1920 Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge/Mass.; S. v. William Henry Beecher (1802-1889) und Katherine Edes Beecher (1802-1870); Residence: 1855 Reading, Middlesex, Massachusetts; Beecher erhielt von 1907-1920 eine Pension d. United States, United States Veterans Administration Pension Payment Cards (www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 1.6.2016).

 

Photo:

- http://civilwartalk.com/ threads/ photos-of-73rd-regiment-ohio-volunteer-infantry (als Captain)

 

 

Beedle, William H.:

US-Pvt; 1st Battalion Maine Light Artillery (National Park Soldiers M543 Roll 2).

 

 

Beedle, William H.:

US-Corporal; Co. 22, 2nd Battalion Veteran Reserve Corps (National Park Soldiers M636 Roll ¾), also 2nd Maine Battery (National Park Soldiers M636 Roll ¾).

 

27.3.1846 Richmond, Sagadahoc County, Maine - † 16.2.1893 Oakland, Alameda County, Calif., burial Mountain View Cemetery, Oakland (www.findagrave.com, accessed 2.4.2019).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Beedle, William H. (1846-1893) 2d Main Battery; Veteran Reserve Corps Diary, 1865-66 (Library of Congress, Washington/DC). Diary kept by Beedle while on duty at the Douglas and Harewood Hospitals in Washington, D.C., Jan. 1,1865-Jan. 1, 1866. Contains information on hospital care and the arrival of sick and wounded soldiers

 

 

Beem, David E.:

US-Captain; Co. H, 14th Regiment Indiana Infantry (National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 5; Hess: The Union Soldier in Battle, p. 15).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Beem, David E.: Papers, Indiana Historical Society. Indianapolis / Indiana

 

 

Beers, Aug. P.::

CS-Pvt; Co, A, 1st Special Battalion, Louisiana Infantry (Rightor's) (Dreux Battalion) (National Park Soldiers M378 Roll 2); Fan­nie A. *Beers

 

 

Beers, Fannie A.:

CS-Nurse (Faust: This Republik of Suffering, p. 77); Fannie A. Beers was a young woman from Pensacola, Florida, whose husband was serving in the Confederate Army. Fannie had strong feeling for the Confederacy and early in the war offered her services as a nurse. She went to work in the hospitals at Gainesville, Alabama, where the wounded from the Battle of Shiloh were being treated. This hospital was transferred to Ringgold and she arrived shortly thereafter (Civil War Talk, 'Fannie Beers', accessed 22.5.2018).

 

"I was left to endure the horrors of suspense as well as the irritating consciousness that, although sojourning in the home of my child­hood, I was an alien, an acknowledged "Rebel," and as such an object of suspicion and dislike to all save my immediate family." "Fannie" Beers was born and lived in the North until she married A.P. Beers, a Southern student at Yale University. The couple mo­ved to the South where they spent the next few years in Louisiana before Mr. Beers was mustered into Confederate service with his company of the Crescent Rifles. Fannie would return to her familial home in Connecticut; but, her time there would be short. Much of the town knew of her Confederate ties, and had heard of a small keepsake "Rebel" flag which she cherished in her prayer book. Beers states, "This harmless possession was magnified into an immense rebel banner, which would eventually float over my mother's house." As Fort Sumter fell and war grew ever more imminent, neighbors were demanding, "Let's have that flag," and "Show your colors"; these and other epithets would influence her decision to paste it over her heart, a place where it stayed throughout the re­mainder of the war. After the need became evident, she would rejoin her husband in Virginia. It was there that she made her name as a nurse. First, in Richmond at a private hospital maintained by wealthy ladies of that city, and later in hospitals in Georgia and Alabam­a. Beers was considered heroic for her service to the Southern Cause. Most famously, she is touted for risking her life brin­ging provisions to her husband and his men during the shelling of Atlanta. Acts like this earned her the title, "The Florence Nightin­gale of the South." (aus: Buchbesprechung bei Amazon).

 

Pvt. Aug. P. *Beers (Pvt Co. A, 1st Special Battalion, Louisiana Infantry [Rightor's ]; also Dreux Battalion [Beers, Fannie A.: Memories: A Re­cord of Personal Experience and Adventure During Four Years of War, p. 9]) (err.) bzw. Jonathan Sturges Beers (www.findagrave.com, accessed 23.5.2018).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Beers, Fannie A.: Memories: A Record of Personal Experience and Adventure During Four Years of War (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippin­cott, 1888)

 

 

Behr, Frederick:

US-Captain; † 6.4.1862 in Shiloh; Batteriechef 6th Battery Indiana Light Artillery. Die Battery war “all German”; die Battery gehörte in Battle of Shiloh zur 1st Brigade Col John A. McDowell 5th Division BrigGen William T. Sherman in Grant’s Army of the Tennes­see (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 172). Behr ist gegen 11:00 bei Crossroads gefallen, seine Mannschaften flohen daraufhin und lie­ßen 5 von ins­gesamt 6 Geschützen zurück (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 183).

 

 

Beidelman, George Washington:

US-+++; Teilnahme am Battle of Fredericksburg (Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, p. 77 Anm. 40

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Beidelman, George Washington: The Civil War Letters of George Washington Beidelman, ed. Catherine H. Vanderslice (New York: Vantage, 1978)

 

 

Beidelman, Benjamin:

US-Pvt; Co. C, 46th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 7; on his Gravestone: „A Private of Co. C, 64 Reg. PA. Vol. Inft.“ [s. photo: www.­findagrave.com]; s. a. Pennsylvania State Archives, Roster Co. C, 46th Pennsylvania Infantry).

 

1.8.1830 - † 19.12.1903 (aged 73), buried Egypt Cemetery, Egypt, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania (www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Beidelman, George Washington:

US-Pvt; Co. C, 71st Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 7; original filed under 'George W. Beidleman'; McPherson: For Cause & Comrades, p10, 190n13 mentioned him in 72nd Pennsylvania). 'Beidleman' (Pennsylvania State Archives, Roster Co. C, 71st Pennsylvania Infantry). Enlisted 21.5.1861, † 14.3.1864 (Pennsylvania State Archives, Roster Co. C, 71st Pennsylvania Infantry).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Vanderslice, Catherine H. (ed.): The Civil War Letters of George Washington Beidelman (New York, 1978)

 

 

Beidler, Jacob:

US-Pvt; Co. F, 16th Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry (161st Volunteers).

 

3.4.1834 - † 20.5.1885, burial Union Cemetery, Mifflintown, PA (findagrave.com, accessed 8.5.2019).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Winder, Robert L. (ed.): Jacob Beidler's Book: A Diary Kept by Jacob Beidler from November 1857 through July 183 (Mifflintown, PA: Juniata County Historical Society, 1994)

 

 

Belden, Elezur D.:

US-Pvt, Co. C, 16th Regiment Connecticut Infantry (National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 1); bzw. Elizur D. Belden (Morse: Catalogue of Connecticut Volunteer Organizations, p. 556), auch Elizur D. Beldon (Gordon, Lesley J.: „All Who Went into That Battles Were Heroes“. Remembering the 16th Regiment Connecticut Volunteers at Antietam; in: Gallagher (ed.): Antietam Campaign, a.a.O., S. 190N33); Residence Rocky Hill, Conn., mustered in 11.8.1862 (Morse: Catalogue of Connecticut Volunteer Organizations p. 556). Beldon was slightly wounded at Antietam on 17.9.1862 (Gordon, Lesley J.: „All Who Went into That Battles Were Heroes“. Remembering the 16th Regiment Connecticut Volunteers at Antietam; in: Gallagher (ed.): Antietam Campaign, a.a.O., S. 179).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Beldon, Elizur D.: Dairy; Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford, Conn.

 

 

Belengea, Hiram:

US-Sergeant; Co. C&I, 61st Regiment Indiana Infantry (National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 5).

 

 

Belknap, Charles E.:

US-Sergeant; Co. H, 125th Regiment New York Infantry (National Park soldiers M551 Roll 9, hier als 'Charles W., Belknap' bezeichnet; Gottfried: Brigades of Gettysburg, p. 180: 'Charles Belknap'); aus New York (Glatt­haar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, p. 13 iVm. S. 224n25, S. 23: 'Charles E. Bel­knap').

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Belknap, Charles E.: Diary; Copy in Brake Collection, USHMI (genannt bei Glatt­haar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Cam­paign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, p. 13 iVm. S. 224n25, S. 23: 'Charles E. Belknap).

 

 

Belknap, Charles E.:

US-Captain; Co. H, 21st Regiment Michigan Infantry; zuvor Sergeant, Co. F&S, (National Park Soldiers M545 Roll 3).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Belknap, C. E.: History of the Michigan Organizations at Chickamauga, Chattanooga and Missionary Ridge (Lansing, 1899)

 

 

Belknap, William W.:

US-MajGen; Major 15th Iowa Infantry seit 7.12.1861; LtCol 15th Iowa Infantry 20.8.1862; Col 15th Iowa Infantry 3.6.1863 (National Park Soldiers M541 Roll 2); Brig­Gen 30.7.1864; MajGen 1865 (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 57).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Belknap, William W.: History of the Fifteenth Regiment Iowa Veteran Volunteer Infantry, from October, 1861 to August, 1865; When disbanded at the End of the War (Keokuk / Iowa, 1887)

- Belknap, William W.: „The Obedience and Courage of the Private Soldier, and the Fortitude of Officers and Men in the Field, in Hospital, and in Prison, with some Incidents of the War“; Iowa MOLLUS: War Sketches and Incidents. as Related by Companions of the Iowa Commandery, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, Published by the Commandery, Volume 1, Des Moi­nes: Press of P. C. Kenyon 1893, vol 1

 

 

Bell, James A.:

US-Pvt (?); 9th New York Cavalry (?); Teilnahme am Battle of Gettysburg (Martin: Gettysburg, p. 45)

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Bell, James A.: Letter, 1 July 1863 (Huntington Library, San Marino, California)

- **Bell, James A.: Letter 2 July 1863 to Gusta Ann Hallock (Longacre: The Cavalry at Gettysburg, p. 302n31), Bell MSS, Henry E. Huntington Library

 

 

Bell, John:

US-Senator aus Tennessee. Präsidentschaftskandidat 1860. Im Wahlkampf 1860 kam es innerhalb der Democratic Party zur Spaltung. Es gelang nicht, sich auf einen einzigen Kandidaten zu einigen, es gingen vielmehr zwei Kandidaten Stephen A. Douglas und John C. Breckenridge in Rennen. Zur weiteren Zersplitterung trug eine Restfraktion der Whigs um den ehemaligen Senator von Tennessee, John Bell, bei, die unter dem Namen Constitutional Union Party in den Grenzstaaten zwischen Nord und Süd Erfolge erzielte, und deren Ziel die Erhaltung der Union um jeden Preis war (Heideking, Geschichte der USA, p. 164; Fisher: War at every Door, p. 22; Harrison: Civil War in Kentucky, p. 4).

 

Die Whig National Convention in Baltimore am 9.5.1860 nominierte John Bell als Präsidentschaftskandidat (Temple: East Tennessee in the Civil War, p., 123

 

 

Bell, John T.:

US-2ndLt; Co. C, 2nd Regiment Iowa Infantry; Bell trat als Pvt in das Regiment ein (National Park Soldiers M541 Roll 2).

 

Literatur:

- **Bell, John T.: Tramps and Triumphs of the Second Iowa Infantry (Omaha 1866, reprint Des Moines, 1961)

 

 

Bell, Luther V.:

US-Surgeon; Co. F&S, 11th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 3).

 

 

Bell, Robert:

US-Captain; 26th Pennsylvania Militia (Emergency, 1863) (Cavalry); Kompaniechef einer Miliz-Kompanie Cavalry aus Adams County (Nye: Here Come the Rebels, p. 271, 292-93; Valuska/ Keller: Damn Dutch, p. 54). Bell führte die Siche­rungspostenlinie, die die 26th Penn. Militia (Col. William C. Jenkins) westlich Gettysburg in Richtung Cashtown aufgestellt hatte; es kam am 26. Juni 1863 zwischen seinen Männern und den nach Osten Richtung Gettysburg vorstoßenden CS-Vorhut, bestehend aus der Brigade von John B. Gordon (Division Early im Corps Ewell) zu einem Gefecht (Black, Linda G.: Gettysburg's Preview of War: Early's June 26, 1863, Raid; aus The Gettysburg Magazin, Heft Nr. 3; Richard, H. M. M. Citizens of Gettysburg in The Union Army; in: Battles & Leaders Vol. III S. 289; Martin: Gettysburg, p. 13).

 

Photo:

http://www.yorkblog.com/cannonball/2011/07/02/capt-robert-bell-led-adams-cou/

 

 

Bell, T. H.:

CS-LtCol; 12th Regiment Tennessee Infantry; Bell war zunächst Captain, Co. G (National Park Soldiers M231 Roll 3).

 

1862 Regimentskommandeur 12th Tennessee Infantry. Im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh gehörte die 12th Tennes­see Infantry unter Regimentskommandeur LtCol T. H. Bell zur 1st Brigade Col Robert M. Russel 1st Division BrigGen Charles Clark I. Army Corps MajGen Leonidas Polk in A. S. Johnston's Army of the Mississippi.

 

Am Morgen des 6.4.1862 Teilnahme am Angriff über Rea Field auf Battery E 1st Illinois Light Artillery (Waterhouse’ Battery) (Da­niel: Shiloh, p. 168).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Bell, T. H.: „Rhea Field;“ in: Son of the South, vol. 3 (April 1986), pp. 8-13 (Anm.: das „Rhea Field“ war im Battle of Shiloh Schauplatz der Kämpfe der Division Sherman [ McDonough: Shiloh, p. 91; Daniel: Shiloh, p. 156-61, 166-70, 269])

 

 

Bell, William H.:

CS-++++; Berufsoffizier; 1861 als Major d. US-Army Kommandeur des St. Louis Arsenal. Da die Republikaner Zweifel an seiner Loyalität hatten, und seine Kontakte zur prosüdlichen State Militia unter *Frost aufgedeckt hatten, wurde Bell auf Initiative der Brü­der Francis und Montgomery Blair bei dem designierten Präsidenten Lincoln abgelöst (McElroy, John: The Struggle for Missouri [Washington, DC: The National Tribune Company, 1913], S. 29 ff; Brooksher, Bloody Hill, p. 32, 34).

 

 

Bell, William S.:

CS-Pvt; Douthat's Company, Virginia Light Artillery (Botetourt Artillery) (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 4).

 

 

Bellamy, Flavius J.:

US-Sergeant; Co. A, 3rd Regiment Indiana Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 5).

 

Teilnahme am Battle of Gettysburg (Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, p. 225n29).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Bellamy, Flavius J.: Letter to Parents 3 July 186; Bellamy MSS, Indiana State Library (Zitat nach Longacre: The Cavalry at Get­tysburg, p. 302n29)

- **Bellamy, Flavius J.: Diary. Copy in Brake Collection, USMHI

- **Bellamy, Flavius: Papers. Indiana Division, Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, Ind.

 

 

Bellard, Alfred:

US-Pvt, Co. C, 5th Regiment New Jersey Infantry (National Park Soldiers M550 Roll 25).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Bellard, Alfred (Pvt. 5th New Jersey Infantry): Gone for a Soldier: The Civil War Memoirs of Private Alfred Bellard (Little Brown: Boston 1975); Edited by David H. Donald

 

 

Bellore, Charles:

US-Corporal; Co E, 24th Regiment Michigan Infantry (National Park Soldiers M545 ROLL 3). † 1.7.1863 Willougby's Run / Gettysburg als Color Bearer des Regiments (NN.: „No Man Can Take Those Colors and Live“. The epic Battle between the 24th Michigan and 26th North Carolina at Gettys­burg; in: http://www.civilwar.org/ battlefields/ gettysburg/ gettysburg-2011/the-battle-for-herbst-woods.html, Abruf vom 7.6.2015 [Kopie in Archiv Ref, amerik. Bürgerkrieg Nr. 2]. ­

 

 

Bellows, Henry Whitney:

11.6.1814 Boston - † 30.1.1882 New York; war ein US-amerikanischer Geistlicher.

 

Henry Whitney Bellows studierte bis 1832 am Harvard College und von 1834 bis 1837 an der Harvard Divinity School in Cambridge Theologie, war dann kurzzeitig von 1837 bis 1838 Pastor in Mobile (Alabama) und wirkte anschließend von 1839 bis zu seinem Tod als Pfarrer der ersten Kongregationalisten- oder Unitarierkirche in New York City, der heutigen Unitarian Church of All Souls. Dort erwarb er sich hohes Ansehen als Kanzelredner und Vortragender und war einer der Hauptgründer des unitarischen Wochenblatts Christian Inquirer, für das er von 1846 bis 1850 schrieb.

 

Bellows gehörte der liberalen, mehr rationalistischen Richtung der US-amerikanischen Theologen an. Er war nicht nur ein Redner von bedeutendem Ruf und ein anerkannter Führer der Unitarischen Kirche der Vereinigten Staaten, sondern auch Verfasser zahlrei­cher Gelegenheitsschriften verschiedenen (besonders staatswirtschaftlichen und sozialen) Inhalts. Auch hielt er an dem Lowell Insti­tute in Boston eine Reihe beachtenswerter Vorträge, die 1857 unter dem Titel The treatment of social diseases erschienen. Der be­kannteste dieser Vorträge behandelte The relation of the public amusements to public morality, especially of the theatre to the highest interests of humanity. Mit seinem Freund Peter Cooper plante Bellows die Gründung der 1859 eröffneten Cooper Union. 1860 veröf­fentlichte er Restatements of Christian Doctrin, in 25 Sermons.

 

Beim Ausbruch des Bürgerkriegs machte Bellows sich 1861 um die Begründung der United States Sanitary Commission verdient und stand dieser als Präsident von 1861 bis 1878 vor, ohne dabei seine Pflichten als Pfarrer zu vernachlässigen. 1866 trat er eine Rei­se nach Europa an, um dort die Organisation internationaler Gesundheitskommissionen zu fördern, worüber er in dem Werk The old World in its new Face: Impressions of Europe in 1867-68 (2 Bde., New York 1868-69) berichtete. Er war auch Präsident der ersten in den Vereinigten Staaten gegründeten Civil Service Reform Association (1877) und einer der Organisatoren des Union League Club sowie der Century Association in New York City. Ferner war er längere Zeit Herausgeber des unitarischen Magazins Christian Ex­aminer sowie des Liberal Christian, des Hauptorgans der Unitarier. Er starb am 30. Januar 1882 im Alter von 67 Jahren in New York City. Eine Sammlung seiner Sermons and Addresses erschien in Boston 1882. Eine bronzene Gedenktafel von Augustus Saint-Gau­dens wurde 1886 in der New Yorker All Souls Church enthüllt (wikipedia; Stichwort Henry Whitney Bellows, Abruf v. 15.3.2017).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Bellows, Henry Whitney: Papers, Massachusetts Historical Society

 

 

Belo, Alfred Horatio:

CS-Col; zunächst Captain Co. D. 21st Regiment North Carolina Infantry (formerly 11th North Carolina Infantry) (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3); dann LtCol, Co. F&S, 55th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

Nachdem am 1.7.1863 bei Gettysburg der Regimentskommandeur Col Connally beim Angriff 55th North Carolina Infantry auf die Flanke der 76th New York Infantry durch Schlußverletzungen schwer verwundet wurde und der Stellvertreter LtCol Maurice T. *Smith kurz darauf gefallen ist, übernahm Major A. H. *Belo die Führung des Regiments (Martin: Gettysburg, p. 109, 124). Wounded at Gettys­burg and held as prisoner of War for 8 months (findagrave.com, Abruf vom 14.10.2016). Later Col F&S, 55th Regiment North Carolina Infantry; severly wounded at Cold Harbor; his left arm was shattered at the battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia, on June 3, 1864 (Texas State Historical As­sociation TSHA, https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fbe44, Abruf vom 14.10.2016).

 

In der Nachkriegszeit zog er nach Texas; Zeitungsverleger der 'Galveston New'; 27.5.1839 Salem/NC - † 19.4.1901 Kenilworth/NC; buried Salem Cemetery, Winston-Salem/NC (findagrave.com, Abruf vom 14.10.2016).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Belo, Alfred Horatio (11th NC Volunteers): Reminiscenses of a North Carolina Volunteer (Olde Soldier Books), 56 pp; Edited by Stuart Wright, this incorporates additional material from Belo's wartime letters to Carrie Fries and regimental histories and rosters. This unit was also known as the Forsythe Rifles, later designated Company "D", 11th Regiment North Carolina Volunteers

- **Belo, A. H. and William Robbins: “The Battle of Gettysburg.” Confederate Veteran 8 (1900): 165-168

 

 

Benanntes, Santos:

CS-Colonel; ++++ Allardice: More Generals in Gray (Louisiana State University Press, 1995), Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik37 S. 30

 

Photo:

Allardice, p. 36

 

 

Bence, Dr. Robert F.:

US-Surgeon; Bence war zunächst Asst. Surgeon und später Surgeon der 33rd Indiana Infantry Coburn's Brigade; Schwager von Brig­Gen Gen John *Coburn.

 

Photo:

- Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, p. 17

 

Documents/Literature:

- Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, p. 17, 391

 

 

Benedict, Edwin C.:

US-Pvt; Co. C, 12th Regiment, Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry (41st Volunteers); mustered in as Corporal (National Park soldiers M554 Roll 17; s. also(Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, p. 14 iVm. S. 224n27).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Benedict, Edwin C.: Diary. Copy in Brake Collection, USHMI (Hinweis bei Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Cam­paign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, p. 224n27)

 

 

Benedict, George G.:

US-2nLt; Co. E, 12th Regiment Vermont Infantry (National Park Soldiers M557 Roll 1); Teilnahme am Battle of Gettysburg (Pfanz: Gettysburg, Second Day, p. 435, 556n40); aide of BrigGen Stannard während der Gettysburg Campaign (Coffin: Nine Month to Gettysburg, p. 186).

 

Second Lieutenant George G. Benedict (10 December 1826 to 8 April 1907) was an American soldier who fought in the American Civil War. Benedict was awarded the country's highest award for bravery during combat, the Medal of Honor, of his action during the Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania on July 3, 1863. He was honored with the award on 27 June 1892.  Before enlisting, he was editor of The Free Press in Burlington, Vermont. Benedict enlisted into the 12th Vermont Infantry at Burlington in August 1862. On the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg, he was among a group of men involved in the successful flank attack on Pickett's Charge, for which he gained the Medal of Honor (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_G._Benedict).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Benedict, George G.: Army Life in Virginia (Burlington / Vermont: Free Press Association, 1895)

- **Benedict, George A.: A Short History of the 14th (Vermont) Reg’t (Bennington, Vt.: Press of C. A. Pierce, 1887)

- **Benedict, George Grenville. Vermont in the Civil War. Burlington VT: Free Press Association, 1888

- **Benedict, George Grenville: The Battle of Gettysburg and the Part taken therein by Vermont Troops (Burlington 1867) (PDF-Da­tei Archiv Ref ameridownload 'Vermont Battle of Gettysburg[Benedict]')

- **Benedict, George G.: Vermont at Gettysburg, A Sketch Of The Part Taken By The Vermont Troops, In The Battle of Gettysburg (Burlington, VT: Free Press Association, 1870)

- Vermont Historical Society: Proceedings 1905/06, S. 161-177: „George Grenville Benedikt“ (PDF-Datei Archiv Ref ameridown­load 'Vermont Proceedings')

 

 

Bendix, John E.:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 7th Regiment New York Infantry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 19).

 

 

Benham, Calhoun:

CS-Major; Stabschef von *Cleburne bis zu dessen Tod im Battle von Franklin (zu seiner Karriere: Hay: "Cleburne, Stonewall of the West"; Einführung zu Buck: "Cleburne and his Command", p. 27).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Benham, Calhoun (Maj CSA) Papers: veröffentlicht in the "Kennesaw Gazette" Ausgaben v. 1.1.-15.1.1889 (Benham war Stabs­chef in Cleburne's Division und beschrieb nur die Zeit, während der er unter Cleburne diente: vom Battle of Murfreesboro bis zum Ende der Atlanta Campaign (Buck: Cleburne and his Command, Vorbemerkung von Hay, p. 19

- **Benham, Calhoun: "Major-Gen. P. R. Cleburne, A Biographie," Kennesaw Gazette, 15.1.1889, S. 2

 

 

Benham, Henry W.:

US-++General;

 

Im September 1861 war Benham Brigadekommandeur der Advance Brigade von Gen. Rosecrans in der Cheat Mountain Campaign und im Battle of Carnifax Ferry am Gauley River; er war unfähig, verschuldete den Verlust des Gefechts und wurde anschließend we­gen Inkompetenz entlassen (Andrews: The North reports the Civil War, p. 110).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Benham, Henry W.: Recollections of the West Virginia Campaign ... May, June and July, 1861 ... (Boston, 1873, from 'Old and New', June, 1873 and carrying the Pagination of the Magazine)

 

 

Beninger (Benninger), William:

US-Pvt; Co. H, 6th Regiment Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery (National Park SoldiersM554 Roll 8 'Benninger'); auch 5th Regiment Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery (204th Volunteers) (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 8: 'Benninger')

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Beninger, William: Correspondence, 1864-65. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in Battery H of the 6th Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery writing from various forts in Virginia to his sister. Writes in November 1864 from Fairfax County that he is enjoying the point above Bulls Run and expects to move from this place to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Writes in March 1865 from Fort Bennett that he thinks the war will end soon, and that the Rebels he saw at Falls Church and at Fairfax Court House were only "a few gurrillaws and a drunk." (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide - Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Spe­cial Col­lections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms89-107).

 

 

Benjamin, Charles F.:

US-++++; hatte verantwortliche und vertrauensvolle Positionen in der Army of the Potomac und im War Department inne (Anm. der Herausgeber zu: Benjamin, Charles F.: Hooker's Appointment and Removal; in: Battles and Leaders, III S. 239 ff.). Benjamin, a clerk for Seth Williams at the Army of the Potomac headquarters, claimed to have overheard Meade and Reynolds's conversation (Pfanz: Get­tysburg First Day, p.387n5).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Benjamin, Charles F.: "Hooker's Appointment and Removal," Battles & Leaders, Vol. 3, S. 239-243 (zuerst veröffentlicht in: The Century Magazine 33 [November 1886], S. 106-111; zur Kritik: vgl. Coddington: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 130 ff. sowie Nichols: To­wards Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 180-82)

 

 

Benjamin, Judah Philip:

CS-Secretary of War, dann Secretary of State; *1811 (England)- †1884; aufgewachsen in South Carolina; erfolgreicher Anwalt in New Orleans und Plantageneigner und Sklavenhalter; einer der prominentesten jüdisch-amerikanischen Staatsmänner des 19. Jh.; er repräsentierte vor dem Krieg den Staat Louisiana im US-Senat.

 

Benjamin traf am 5.1.1861 zur Vorbereitung des CS-Gründungskongresses vom Februar 1861 und zur Vorbereitung der Entscheidung über die Sezession mit Jefferson *Davis, Albert G. *Brown u.a. anderen zusammen (Davis: A Government of Our Own, p. 12)

 

Im Bürgerkrieg war Benjamin zunächst attorney general, dann Secretary of War und Secretary of State; als Kriegsminister Kontro­verse mit Stonewall Jackson; für den Verlust der Schlüsselhäfen in North Carolina verantwortlich gemacht, mußte Benjamin im März 1862 zurücktreten; in einem riskanten politischen Manöver Jefferson Davis' sofort zum Secretary of State ernannt; dieses Amt hatte Benjamin bis Kriegsende inne; nach der CS-Niederlage floh Benjamin nach Cuba und von dort nach England, wo er den Rest seines Lebens als erfolgreicher Barrister verbrachte.

 

Benjamin war auch an der Finanzierung von Operationen des CS-Geheimdienstes beteiligt (Tidwell, April 65 - Confederate Co­vert Action, p. 11,12-13,79 u.a.)

 

Photo:

- Encyclopedia of the Civil War, p. 29

- Tidwell, April 65 - Confederate Covert Action, p. 34

 

Documents/Literature:

- Benjamin, Judah P: Diary

- **Butler, Pierce: Judah P. Benjamin (Philadelphia, 1907)

- **Meade, Robert Douthat: "The Relations Between Judah P. Benjamin and Jefferson Davis: Some New Light on the Working of the Confederate Machine." Journal of Southern History 5, no. 4 (November 1939), S. 367-79

- **Meade, Robert Douthat: Judah P. Benjamin, Confederate Statesman (New York: Oxford University Press, 1943)

 

 

Benjamin, Samuel Nicoll:

US-1st Lt; West Point +++; Kamerad von E. P. Alexander in West Point (Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, 46); Teilnahme an 1st Manassas; er beschoß mit einer Section der Battery G 1st US Artillery (zwei Twenty-Pounders; Davis: Battle of Bull Run, p. 115, 130) bei Blackburn's Ford am 18.7.1861 während eines Artillerie-Duells mit Lt Charles *Squires' Section der Washington Artillery das Hauptquartier Beauregard's bei McLean's House (Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, 46; Davis: Battle of Bull Run, p. 115); Benjamin war 1861 Offizier in Romeyn B. Ayres's Co. E, 5th US-Artillery (Alex­ander: Fighting for the Confederacy, p. 563 Anm. 32; a.A. Davis: Battle of Bull Run, p. 115: Battery G 1st US Artille­ry).

 

 

Bennett, Andrew J.:

US-Pvt; 1st Independent Battery, Massachusetts Light Artillery (National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 3).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Bennett, A. J.: The Story of the 1st Massachusetts Light Battery Attached to the Sixth Army Corps (Deland and Barta: Boston, 1886)

 

 

Bennett, Edward:

US-1stLt; Co. A, 44th Regiment New York Infantry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 9).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Bennett, Edward: „The Battle as Seen by a Member of the 44th N. Y.“ National Tribune, May 6, 1886

 

 

Bennett, Edwin C.:

US-LtCol; Captain, Co. G,E,K, 22nd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry; Bennett trat als Sergeant in das Regiment ein (National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 3). Bennett trat als Pvt im Sommer 1860 als 20jähriger in Co. I (Somerville Light Infantry), 5th Regiment, Massachusetts In­fantry (3 months, 1861) (Militia) ein und wurde am 18.4.1861 nach der Beschießung von Fort Sumter einberufen (National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 3; Bennett: Musket and Sword, p. 3). Nach Ablauf der dreimonatigen Dienstzeit schied Bennett aus, trat jedoch wieder am 16.9.1861 als 4th Sergeant in die Co. G, 22nd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry ein (Bennett: Musket and Sword, p. 29-30). Am 5.9.1862 wurde Bennett zum Cap­tain Co. E befördert (Bennett: Musket and Sword, p. 85).

 

Tilton's Brigade; im Battle of Gettysburg war er Führer der Krankenträger und Ambulanzen von Tilton's Brigade (Pfanz: Gettysburg Second Day, p. 252).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Bennett, Edwin C.: Musket and Sword; or, +++weiter+++ (Boston: Coburn Publishing Co., 1900)

 

 

Bennett, Eliazer C.:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 1st Regiment Massachusetts Heavy Artillery (National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 3).

 

 

Bennett, James Gordon:

einflußreicher Verleger des 'New York Herald' (Stampp: And the War Came, p. 6); zwar ist es übertrieben, Bennett als Vater des 'yellow journa­lism' zu bezeichnen, Ben­nett dürfte aber der bedeutendste Zeitungsverleger seiner Zeit gewesen sein (Andrews: The North Reports the Civil War, p. 9).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Bennet, James Gordon: Papers (Library of Congress, Washington, Manuscript Division)

 

 

Bennett, Lyman G.:

US-Major; zunächst Pvt (Corporal); Co. E, 36th Regiment Illinois Infantry (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 6; Shea / Hess, Pea Ridge, p. 352 Anm. 29)., dann Major (1stLt/Adjutant), Co. F&S, 4th Regiment Arkansas Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M383 Roll 1).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Bennett, Lyman G.: Papers; University of Missouri, Rolla, Western Historical Manuscript Collection

- **Bennett, Lyman G. und William M. Haigh: History of the Thirty-Six Regiment Illinois Volunteers, During the War of the Rebelli­on. Aurora, Ill. 1876

 

 

Bennett, Risden Tyler:

CS-Col; 14th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3; Priest: South Mountain, p. 5); Bennet war zunächst Sergeant im Re­giment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3).

 

 

Bennett, Thomas W.:

US-Col; Regimentskommandeur 69th Indiana Infantry, 9th Division Osterhaus, XIII. Army Corps McClernand während Grant's Campaign gegen Vicksburg 1863 (Bearss: Vicksburg, vol. II, S. 402); beim entscheidenden Vormarsch gegen Vicksburg auf dem Westufer des Mississippi führt Bennett auf Befehl von MajGen McClernand eine Task Force, welche die Vormarschstraße von Milli­ken's Bend nach New Carthage am Mississippi zur geplanten Übersetzstelle für Grant's Armee aufklären sollte (Winschel, Tri­umph & Defeat, p. 19). Battle of Port Gibson am 1.5.1863 (Bearss: Vicksburg, vol II, S. 402).

 

 

Benning, Henry Lewis ("Old Rock Benning"):

CS-BrigGen; ab August 1861 Col 17th Regiment Georgia Infantry (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 60, bzw. Angabe fehlerhaft, da in der Regimentsgeschichte nicht als Col genannt); Col 27th Regiment Georgia Infantry (National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 5).

 

Im Juli/August 1862 argumentierte Benning derart entschieden gegen das Recht der CS-Regierung, Einberufungen in den einzel­nen CS-Staaten anzuordnen, was seiner Ansicht nach mit der Unabhängigkeit der einzelnen Staaten (State Rights) nicht vereinbart war, daß er in Gefahr der Festnahme kam (Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, vol. 2 S. 257; SHSP 28, 294).

 

Im Spätsommer 1862 als Col Brigadekommandeur von Toomb's Brigade (Hennessy: Return to Bull run, p. 45).

 

Benning wurde berühmt für den Einsatz bei Antietam / Sharps­burg, eingesetzt an der Lower Bridge (Burnside Bridge) (Freeman: Lee's Lieu­tenants, 2:418; OR 21, 1099-1100; Priest: Antietam, p. 239 mit Karte S. 238) und Fredericksburg. BrigGen 23.4.1863 mit Rang vom 17.1.1863 (Boatner: Dictionary, p. 60). Die von Benning kommandierte Toomb's Brigade umfaßte folgende Regimenter (Priest: Antietam, p. 321):

- 2nd Georgia Infantry

- 15th Georgia Infantry

- 17th Georgia Infantry

- 20th Georgia Infantry

 

Im Battle of Fredericksburg im Dezember 1862 gehörte Toomb's /Benning's Brigade zu Hood's Division I Army Corps Longstreet und umfaßte folgende Regimenter (Luvaas / Nelson: Guide ... Fredericksburg, p. 326):

- 2nd Georgia Infantry

- 15th Georgia Infantry

- 17th Georgia Infantry

- 20th Georgia Infantry

 

1863 während der Gettysburg Campaign gehörte Benning‘s 4th Brigade zu Longstreet’s I. Army Corps, 1st Division Hood und um­faßte folgende Regimenter:

- 2nd Georgia Infantry LtCol William T. Harris (k), Maj. W. S. Shepherd

- 15th Georgia Infantry Col D. M. du Bose

- 17th Georgia Infantry Col W. C. Hodges

- 20th Georgia Infantry Col John A. Jones (k), LtCol J. D. Waddell

 

Benning's Brigade war im Battle of Gettysburg am 2.7.1863 während Longstreet's Angriff auf den linken Flügel der US-Front am Pe­ach Orchard und den Round Tops in der 2. Linie hinter Law's Alabama Brigade eingesetzt (Penny / Laine: Struggle for the Round Tops, p. 32 mit Karte S. 33).

 

In the Chickamauga Campaign August-September 1863, Benning's Brigade was on 18.9.1863 ordered as guards of the Depot at Ringgold (Powell: Chickamauga Campaign: Mad Irregular Battle, p. 229).

 

Im Battle of the Wilderness war Benning's Georgia Brigade auf dem rechten CS-Flügel hinter BrigGen John Gregg's Texas Brigade eingesetzt. At first the Federals seemed to sustain the advance of the Confederate troops, scattering BrigGen John Gregg's Texas Bri­gade, but BrigGen Henry Benning's Georgians plunged into the contest, followed by BrigGen McIver Law's Brigade of Alabamians. The latter tossed Hancock's US-Corps into greater confusion (Mahood: General Wadsworth, p. 2).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Adelman, Garry E.: „Benning's Georgia Brigade at Gettysburg.“ Gettysburg Magazine (January 1998), issue 18, p. 57-66

- **Benning, H. L.: „Notes by General H. L. Benning on the Battle of Sharpsburg“; The Southern Historical Society Papers, XVI, S. 393 ff.

- Benning, Henry L.: „Notes by General Benning on the Battle of Gettysburg,“ Southern Historical Society Papers, 4(1877), pp. 176-178

- **Dameron, David: Benning‘s Brigade; A History and Roster of the Fifteenth Georgia, vol. 1 (Heritage Books, 2003)

- **Dameron, David: Benning's Brigade: Volume 2, A History and Roster of the Second, Seventeenth, and Twentieth Georgia Volun­teer Infantry Regiments (Heritage Books, 2011)

 

 

Benson, Berry:

9.2.1843 in Hamburg / South Carolina - 1.1.1923; CS-Scout und Sharpshooter im Rand eines Sergeant; zunächst als Milizionär bei den Minute Men, dann Soldat in Jackson ‘footcavalry’, anschließend im Scharfschützen-Bataillon in Maxcy *Gregg’s *1st South Ca­rolina Volunteer Infantry Regiment; bei Kriegsbeginn eingesetzt als Artillerist auf Morris Island bei Charleston (hierzu Sher­man, Me­moirs, Bd. 1 S. 35) ggü. Fort Sumter (Benson, MilAmerik6, S. 2) und nahm an der Beschießung von Fort Sumter teil (Benson, Mi­lAmerik6, S. 3/4); er diente in Stonewall Jackson’s „Footcavalry“, nach *Jackson’s Tod im Battalion of Sharpshoo­ters im 1st South Carolina Infantry; Schlachten: First Bull Run, Seven Days, Sharpsburg, Chancellorsville, Wilderness, Spottsylva­nia, Pe­tersburg, Ap­pomattox; (); Benson war Kriegsgefangener: 2 Tage Point Lookout Prison (erfolgreiche Flucht über den Potomac), auf der Flucht er­neut gefangen und zunächst im

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Benson, Berry: Memoirs; Robert S. Brake Collection, US Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks / Pennsylvania

- **Benson, Susan (Hrsg.): Berry Benson’s Civil War Book. Memoirs of a Confederate Scout and Sharps­hooter, Reprint 1992

 

 

Benson, Captain:

US-Captain, Benson's Battery 2nd US Artillery; Battle of Seven Days - Hanover Court House 27.5.1862 (Milhollen u.a.: Divided we Fought, S. 52)

 

Photos:

- Milhollen u.a.: Divided we Fought, S. 53: Benson's Battery

 

 

Benson, Georg W.:

US-Pvt; Co. B, 179th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (Drafted Militia) (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 8). Benson came from Allentown, Pennsylvania.

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Benson, Georg W.: Correspondence, 1863-65. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier from Allentown, Pennsylvania. Eleven letters from camps in Washington, D.C., Ohio, Virginia, and Pennsylvania, referring to camp life, his comrades, and finding a wife when he returns home. Transcript available. Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide - Manuscript Sources for Civil War Rese­arch in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms88-083.

 

 

Bentley, Henry:

US-Journalist; Philadelphia Inquirer; Bentley war am 6.4.1862 im Battle of Shiloh anwesend im Hauptquartier 1st Brigade Col Ever­ett *Peabody (Daniel: Shiloh, p. 145).

 

 

Bentley, M. A.:

CS-Pvt;

 

Documents/Literature:

- Bentley, M. A.: Letter, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Letter from a Confederate soldier to his father. Writes September 2, 1863, from Richmond, Virginia, about the camp meetings and his faith in God. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide; Manus­cript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms90-015).

 

 

Bentley, Wilbur G.:

US-LtCol; Major, Co. F&S, 9th Regiment New York Cavalry; Captain Co. H (National Park Soldier M551Roll 9: 'Wilber G. Bentley').

 

1863 LtCol 9th New York Cavalry, Col Thomas C. Devin's Brigade 1st Cavalry Division BrigGen John Buford, Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac (Martin: Gettysburg, p. 88).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Bentley, W. G.: „The First Shot at Gettysburg.“ National Tribune 21.8.1913

 

 

Bentley, William A.:

CS-US; Co. E, 13th Regiment Kansas Infantry (National Park Soldiers M542 Roll 1).

 

 

Bentley, William H.:

US-Corporal; Co. I, 77th Regiment Illinois Infantry (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 6).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Bentley, William H.: History of the 77th Illinois Volunteer Infantry, Sept. 2, 1862 - July 10, 1865 (Peoria / Illinois: Edward Hine Printer, 1883)

 

 

Bentley, William Weldon:

CS-LtCol, 1839 - 23.7.1924 on Richmond / Va.; aus Montgomery County / Virginia; Graduate VMI Class 1860; 24th Virginia Infan­try; Nachkriegszeit Farmer und Viehzüchter; Grab Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Va.

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Bentley, William Weldon: Letter 13.6.1862 (VMI-Archive)

 

 

Benton, Caleb Henry:

US-Lt; Co. D, Regiment 5th Vermont Infantry (National Park Soldiers M557 Roll 1).

 

26.2.1841 Lunenburg/Vermont - † 10.11.1890 Minneapolis/Minnesota; Sohn  von Rueben C. Benton und Almira F. Benton; Bruder von LtCol Reuben C. *Benton; °°  Janette G. Graham Benton (1848 – 1885); Vater von Chrissie May Benton (1876 – 1930), Rillah P. Benton (1877 – 1950) und Harry G Benton (1878 – 1964) (www.findagrave.com).

 

Farmer's son, student, soldier, and lawyer are words which express the vocations of a life of less than fifty years, every one of which was crowded with earnest endeavor and faithful discharge of duty. On February 26, 1841, in Lunenberg, Essex County, Vermont, Ca­leb Henry Benton was born and in the city of Minneapolis, just after high twelve,10 November 1890, without a moment's warning, the lamp of life was forever extinguished. His early years were said to be 'uneventful'. At the age of twenty he had received such trai­ning as the country schools and academies of Vermont could offer him as he had then completed his first year in college. His educati­on was continued in the camp and field, for on August 21, 1861 he enlisted as a private in Company D, Fifth Regiment of Vermont Infantry, and served until the completion of his term of enlistment in Aug 1864. He was made Sergeant Major 31 Dec 1861, promoted to Second Lt. 9 July 1862, as a reward for distinguished valor at Savage Station. 24 Jan 1863 he was again promoted to the First Lieutenancy of his Company and early in Feb, 1863, he was detailed as Adjutant of his Regiment and held the position until he was mustered out of service. 


He was engaged in many of the greatest battles of the Civil War, among some of the most important of which may be mentioned Lee's Mills, Williamsburg, The 7 Days' Fight, Golding's Farm, White Oak Swamp, Savage Station, Malvern Hill, Crampton's Gap, Antietam, 1st & 2nd Fredericksburg, including Mary's Heights, Salem Heights, Banks Ford, Chancellorsville, Funkstown and Wil­liamsport. He was at Rappahannock Station during the winter of 1863-4, south of the Rapidan, in the Wilderness of Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor and Petersburg, and fought his last fight in that war at historic Charlestown, Virginia. His army record shows that he was not absent from his Regiment a single day during his entire term of service, and that his hospital record was entirely blank.

After the war he returned to Vermont, entered the Albany Law School, graduated in 1866, settled to the practice of his profession at South Troy, Vermont, and married miss Flora Hadley, who, with two children, died previous to his removal to Minneapolis in 1871. In Minnesota he rapidly acquired a high rank in the practice of law and was regarded as one of the leading lawyers of the State. It was said that he was a fair opponent, but a hard fighter, and, above all things, he abhorred trickery and deceit. In 1875 he was again married to Miss Jeanette Graham, who died in 1885, leaving him three children.


His Masonic career began in Vermont after his discharge from the Army. He was initiated and passed 11 January and raised 11 Fe­b1865, in Mount Vernon Lodge, No.8, and was demitted February 5, 1868. On his arrival in Minnesota he affiliated with Hennepin Lodge, No. 4 on 13 Nov 1872. He was elected Junior Warden of that Lodge in 1874, Senior Warden in 1875, and Worshipful Master in 1876, 1877 and 1878. He entered the Grand Lodge in 1875. where his abilities were quickly recognized and he was appointed to positions on various committees to the lasting advantage of the Grand Lodge. He was then appointed Grand Sword Bearer. He was elected Senior Grand Warden in 1878, Deputy Grand Master in 1879 and 188o, and Most Worshipful Grand Master in 1882 and 1883. He was a member of the Committee on Appeals and Grievances in 1876 and 1877, Chairman of the Committee on Obituaries in 1878, a member of the Committee on Foreign Correspondence in 1879, and of the Grand Lodge Funds in 1880 (aus www.fin­dagrave.com, Abruf vom 14.10.2016).

 

Photo:

Lt. Caleb Henry Benton (http://vermonthistory.org/virtual-vhs/photographs/civil-war-officers)

 

 

Benton, Charles E.:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 150th Regiment New York Infantry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 9; Castel: Decision in the West, p. 188).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Benton, Charles E.: As Seen from the Ranks: A Boy in the Civil War (New York: G. P. Putnam's sons, 1902)

 

 

Benton, Reuben C.:

US-LtCol; geb. 1830 Lunenburg, Essex County, Vermont - † 8.1.1895 Minneapolis / Minnesota (http://www.findagrave.com); Co. F&S, 11th Vermont Infantry Regiment (= 1st Regiment Vermont Heavy Artillery) (National Park Soldiers M557 Roll 1); be­fördert zum LtCol August 1862; resigned 21.6.1864 (Ledoux: „Quite ready to be sent somewhere“. The Civil War Letters of Al­dace Freeman Walker, p. 19, Letter from 28.8.1862; S. 21 Anm. 19).

 

Sohn  von Rueben C. Benton und Almira F. Benton; Bruder von Lieutenant Caleb Henry Benton (Co. D, 4th Vermont Infantry Regim­ent); °°  Sarah M. Benton (1837 – 1918); Vater von Mary Benton (1859 – 1882), George Milton Benton (1860 – 1863), und He­len Benton (1862 – 1863) http://www.findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

LtCol Reuben C. Benton (http://vermonthistory.org/virtual-vhs/photographs/civil-war-officers/category/4-civilwarb)

 

 

Benton, Thomas Hart:

US-Politiker aus Missouri; Senator in Washington; Vater der Jessie Benton Frémont, der Ehefrau des späteren MajGen John C. Fré­mont (Brooksher: Bloody Hill, p. 110). Benton starb 1857 an Krebs. Seine letzten Tage nutzte er zum Schreiben einer kritischen Stellungnahme zur Dred *Scott Entscheidung des US-Supreme Court von 1857 (Nevins, The Emergence of Lincoln, vol. I, p. 113).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Benton, Thomas Hart: History and Legal Examination of Dred Scott Case (New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1858)

 

 

Benton, William Plummer:

US-MajGen; 1828-1867; Benton stammt Richmond / Ind. (Karte Davis Nr. 151) und war dort aufgrund seines Ansehens Judge (Gaff, On many a Bloody Field, S. 3); er eröffnete bei Kriegsbeginn unmittelbar nach dem Fall von Fort Sumter in Richmond ein Rekrutier­ungsbüro und kündigte die Aufstellung einer 3-Month-Company an (Gaff, p. 3); Benton wurde am 27.4.1861 zum Colonel des 8th Indiana Infantry gewählt; Teilnahme am Gefecht von Rich Mountain 11.7.1861. Nach Ablauf der 3-Months-Ver­pflichtung am 6.8.1861 ausgemustert. Bei der erneuten Verpflichtung der 8th Indiana Infantry als 3-Years-Regiment am 5.9.1861 er­neut Col 8th In­diana Infantry (Boatner, p. 60). Benton wurde anschließend in Missouri eingesetzt (Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, p. 17; Boatner, p. 60), wo er eine aus Missouri stammende Witwe heiratete (Hicken, p. 17).

 

BrigGen USV 28.4.1862; eingesetzt als Brigadekommandeur in Southeast Missouri. Die Brigade umfaßte Benton's eigene 8th India­na Infantry, 33rd Illinois ++++ Ein Private der zur Brigade Benton gehörenden 33rd Illinois, Virgil G. *Way, beschrieb später Benton "as a man lacking in fundamental requisites of leadership." Benton's Heirat mit einer Witwe aus Missouri nach nur 10tägiger Wer­bung schrieb Virgil G. Way war "the most courageous thing we ever knew him to do" (Hicken, p. 17; Way, Virgil G.: Hist­ory of the Thirty-Third Regiment Illinois Veteran Volunteer Infantry [Gibson City / Ill., 1902], S. 30, 32).

 

 

Bentz, William H.:

US-1stLt; Co. K, 8th Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry; mustered in as Sergeant Co. K (National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 8); also (later ?) 1stLt, Co. K, 16th Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry (National Park Soldiers 554 Roll 8).

 

Documents/Literature:

Bentz, William H.: „From One of Keenan's Men.“; in: National Tribune, 22.10.1881

 

 

Berdan, Hiram:

US-Col; 1st US Sharpshooters (Berdan’s Sharpshooters); Photo bei Längin, p. 125. Es gab folgende Scharfschützenre­gimenter:

- 1st US Sharpshooter Regiment (zusammengesetzt aus 10 Kompanien aus verschiedenen US-Staaten zu je 100 Mann)

- 2nd US Sharpshooter Regiment (zusammengesetzt aus 10 Kompanien aus verschiedenen US-Staaten zu je 100 Mann)

 

Beide Regimenter wurden von Col. Hiram Berdan als übergeordnetem Kommandeur befehligt (Denton, p. 3). Das 2nd Regiment hat­te als unmittelbar verantwortlicher. Kommandeur Col. Pst +++prüfen+++ (Denton: First Minnesota Sharpshooter Company, p. 8).

 

On 2.7.1863 Berdan's Sharpshooters conducted the reconnaissance west of Emmitsburg in the Pitzer's woods south and west of the Wheatfield, where the Millerstown Road crossed (Hessler: Sickles at Gettysburg, p. 124; Marcot: „Berdan's Sharpshooters at Gettysburg,“ in: Gettysburg Magazine 1, 39; Sau­ers: Gettysburg: The Meade-Sickles Controversy, p. 35 mit Karte, S. 36; Pfanz:_ Gettysburg Second Day, p. 114).

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol II, p. 97

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Allen, Lewis Y.: "Berdan's Sharpshooters." National Tribune, 12. August 1886

- **Benson, Susan (Hrsg.): Berry Benson’s Civil War Book. Memoirs of a Confederate Scout and Sharpshooter, Reprint 1992

- **Denton, Paul: The First Minnesota Sharpshooter Company in the Army of the Potomac during the Civil War 1861-1865

- **Marcot, Roy: „Berdan's Sharpshooters at Gettysburg,“ in: Gettysburg Magazine 1 January 1989): 35-40

- **Sword, Wiley: Sharpshooter: Hiram Berdan, His Famous Sharpshooters and their Sharps Rifles (Mowbray Books); 125 pp.

- **Stevens, Charles A.: Berdan’s US-Sharpshooters in the Army of the Potomac, 1861-1865 (St. Paul Minnesota: Price McGill Com­pany, 1892); 597 pp; Illustrations; Rosters. Originally published in 1892. Nevins calls this "A superb regimental history of one of the North's most famous commands; a professional journalist, Stevens captured drama, color, and excitement."

 

 

Berkeley, Henry Robinson:

CS-Lt; at first Pvt, Kirkpatrick's Company, Virginia Light Artillery (Amherst Artillery) (National Park Soldiers M384 Roll 4) und Nelson's Com­pany, Virginia light Artillery (Hanover Artillery) (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 4). CS-Lt, Amherst Artillery (Pfanz: Gettysburg First Day, p. 18).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Berkeley, Henry Robinson: Four Years in the Confederate Artillery: The Diary of Private Henry Robinson Berkeley; ed. William H. Runge (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1961)

 

 

Berkeley, Peyton R.:

CS-Captain; 3rd Virginia Cavalry; er führte den Angriff auf US-Nachschubtruppen bei *Massaponax Church, Va während Stuart' Aufklärungsritt durch Zentral Virginia am 6.8.1862 (Stuart's Report OR 12 [2] S. 120, 121).

 

 

Berkeley, William R.:

CS-Capt; 1861 Capt. Co. Buckingham Leitches der 21st Virginia Infantry (Worsham, John H.: "One of Jackson's Foot Cavalry, p. 23).

 

 

Bernard, George S.:

CS-Sergeant; Co. I&E, 12th Regiment Virginia Infantry (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 4; Priest: South Mountain, p. 17).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Bernard, George S. (Co. I, 12th VA.): War Talks of Confederate Veterans (Fenn & Owen Publishers: Petersburg, Va., 1892)

 

 

Bernays, Charles Dr.:

Zeitungsverleger aus St. Louis; Herausgeber des 'Anzeiger des Westens'; persönlicher Freund Lincoln's; Bernays setzt sich für die Abberufung Harneys's und die Ernennung Lyon's zum Oberkommandierenden in Missouri ein (Brooksher: Bloody Hill, p. 71).

 

 

Berry, Chester D.:

US-Pvt; Co. E/J, 20th Regiment Michigan Infantry (National Park Soldiers M545 Roll 3).

 

Chester geriet am 2.6.1862 bei Cold Harbor / VA in Kriegsgefangenschaft, was confined at the Pemberton Prison in Virginia and later transferred to Andersonville on 16.6.1864 (Potter: Sultana Tragedy, p. 9).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Berry, Chester D.: Loss of the Sultana and Reminiscenses of Survivers (Lansing, Michigan: 1892)

 

 

Berry, Hiram Gregory:

US-MajGen; 27.8.1824 – 2.5.1863, gef. Battle of Chancellorsville (erschossen von einem Scharfschützen); aus Rockland / Maine; Mayor von Rockland; Democratic Party; Abgeordneter im Maine Parla­ment; Captain der örtlichen Militia; ab 15.6.1861 Col 4th Mai­ne Infantry; Sedgwick's Brigade (2nd Brigade), Heintzelman's Divisi­on, Army of the Potomac (Frobel, Diary, p. 68); das Camp der 4th Maine Infantry befand sich seit Oktober 1861 bis Früh­ling 1862 auf dem Gelände der Farm von Anna S. Frobel. Frobel schildert Vorwürfe von Nachbarn, wonach sich Berry's Regiment durch permanenten Pferdediebstahl 'auszeichnete' (Frobel, Dia­ry, p. 83). Teilnahme an 1st Manassas, Peninsular Cam­paign; 2nd Manassas; im Battle von Fredericksburg Brigadekomman­deur im III Corps. MajGen 29.11.1862; als Nachfolger von Joseph Hooker war Berry Divisionskommandeur im III Corps; unter dem Kommando von General Daniel E. Sickles Divisionskom­mandeur im Battle von Chancellorsville am 3.5.1863; dort tödlich verwun­det gegen 7.00 und innerhalb einer halben Stunde gestor­ben. Sein Grab befindet sich auf dem Achorn Cemetary in Rockland / Maine (Warner: Generals in Blue, p. 31-33).

 

BrigGen Berry (damals Brigadekommandeur in Phil Kearney's Division on the Peninsula) hatte MajGen's Hooker und Kearny im Juni 1862 begleitet, als beide von MajGen McClellan im Battle of the Peninsula gefordert hatten, „that orders for retreat be canceled. They themselves would lead their troops in a wild assault on the Rebel lines. Berry had been present when the demand was made, had heard McClellan's icy refusal and Keary's furious reply that risked a court-martial. Berry hatte als Bürger von Maine und guter Freund des Vice-President, US-Vicepresident Hannibal Hamlin (aus Maine) brieflich über die Vorgänge unterrichtet (Catton: Glory Road, p. 5). The visit of Hamlin, Berry and Hooker is described by General Charles Hamlin, son of the Vice-President, in E. K. Gould's „Major General Hiram G Berry, p. 229) (Catton: Glory Road, p. 348 Anm. 5).

 

Photo:

MajGen Hiram G. Berry (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiram_Gregory_Berry)

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Gould, Edward K.: Major-General Hiram G. Berry, His Career as a Contractor, Bank President, Politician, and Major-General of Volunteers, in the Civil War Together With ... Run to Chancellorsville, Reprint 2015

 

 

Berry, James Henderson:

CS-Lt; 1841-1913; Co E 16th Arkansas Infantry; former governor and United States senator from Arkansas. Berry served as a second lieutenant of Company E, Sixteenth Arkansas Infantry, and left the service after he lost a leg in fighting near Corinth, Mississippi, in 1862. Following his 1906 defeat for reelection to the Senate, Berry was appointed by the secretary of war to mark the graves of Con­federate soldiers who had died in Union prison camps.

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Berry, James Henderson: Letters and papers, 1905-1913; 120 items. Personal correspondence, essays, and obituary notices pertai­ning to James Henderson Berry (1841-1913), former governor and United States senator from Arkansas. Berry served as a second lieutenant of Company E, Sixteenth Arkansas Infantry, and left the service after he lost a leg in fighting near Corinth, Mississippi, in 1862. Following his 1906 defeat for reelection to the Senate, Berry was appointed by the secretary of war to mark the graves of Con­federate soldiers who had died in Union prison camps. This collection includes a few letters pertaining to Berry's activities with the grave-marking commission and as an officer of the United Confederate Veterans (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Re­sources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Berry, Thomas G.:

CS-LtCol; Pvt. Co. A, Morgan' Regiment Texas Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M227 Roll 3); LtCol, Co. F&S, Captain, Co. A, 9th Regiment Texas Cavalry (Sims') (National Park Soldiers M227 Roll 3).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Berry, Thomas: Four Years with Morgan and Forrest (Oklahoma City, 1914)

 

 

Berryman, John C. (B.):

CS-Sergeant; zunächst Co. H Weston's Battalion Maryland Infantry (National Park Soldiers M379 Roll 1; dort als John B. Berry­man bezeichnet); später Ser­geant Co. C., 1st Regiment Maryland Infantry (Goldsborough: The Maryland Line in the Confederate Army, p. 23; dort als John C. Berryman genannt).

 

Im Battle of First Manassas erlitt Berryman eine Schußverletzung in the groin and rendered a cripple for life (Goldsborough: The Maryland Line in the Confederate Army, p. 23).

 

 

Berryman, H. W.:

CS-Pvt; Co. I, 1st Regiment Texas Infantry (National Park Soldiers M227 Roll 3).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Berryman, H. W.: „Company I, 1st Texas at Gettysburg.“ New York times, July 3, 1913

 

Berryman, Theophilus J.:

CS-Sergeant Major; Hankins' Company, Virginia Light Artillery (Surry Light Artillery) (Civil Park Service M382 Roll 4); er kandidierte im Au­gust 1862 bei der Wahl des Nachfolgers des gefallenen 2nd Lieutenants Crenshaw gegen Commissary Sergeant J. W. Whitley, unter­lag jedoch (Jones: Under the Stars and Bars: Surry Light Artillery of Virginia, p. 51).

 

 

Berryhill, Charles William „Cap“:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 5th Regiment Alabama Cavalry (www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 7.6.2016; Anm.: National Park Soldiers nicht ge­nannt; ebenfalls nicht m Roster Co. A 5th Alabama Cavalry erwähnt; http://files.usgwarchives.net/al/fayette/military/csa/5tha­la8.txt); he enlisted in Cherokee County/Alabama im August 1862 und was honorably discharged in Mai 1865; his nickname was 'Cap'; he worked for railroads and always wore a cap (www.findagra­ve.com, Abruf vom 7.6.2016)

 

15.6.1846 Marion County/Alabama - † 15.9.1907 Fayette County/Alabama; S.v. Alexander Berryhill und Cealia Weeks Berryhill; °° Caroline Perry Berryhill (1840-1920; Wwe. (sie °° I mit First Sergeant George W. *Dickinson [† 15.10.1863 „died from wounds re­ceived in the civil War“], Co. A, 5th Regiment Alabama Cavalry [www.findagrave.com , Abruf vom 4.6.2016]).

 

 

Bertholf, Gilbert D.:

US-Corporal; Co. G, 7th Regiment Ohio Infantry (National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 8).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Bertholf, G. D.: „The Twelfth Corps.“ National Tribune 11.5.1805

 

 

Bertling, Philipp:

CS-Pvt; 4th Battalion Virginia Partisan Rangers (National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 4).

 

 

Besancon, Henry:

US-Musician; Co. C, 104th New York Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 10).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Besancon, Henry: Diary 1863; Duke University, Rare Books, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Durham, NC

 

 

Besley, William B.:

US-Quartermaster Sergeant; Co. I, 6th Regiment New York Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 10).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Hall, Hillman and W. B. Besley: History of the Sixth New York Cavalry, Second Ira Harris Guard Second Brigade, First Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, 1861-1865 (Worcester: The Blanchard Press, 1908) (PDF-Version available)

 

 

Besse, George:

US-Pvt; Co. A, McClellan Dragoons, Squadron, Illinois Cavalry (National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 7), the unit was rejoined with 12th regiment Illinois Cavalry, therefore he is mentioned on his gravestone in Remington Cemetery, Remington/Indiana as Pvt, Co, A, 12th Illinois Cavalry (s. Photo, findagrave.com, accessed 19.1.2019).

 

2..1.1841 Will County/Illinois - † 3.5.1922 Jasper County/Indiana, buried Remington Cemetery, Remington, Jasper County, Indiana (findagrave.com, accessed 19.1.2019).

 

 

Best, Isaac O.:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 121st Regiment New York Infantry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 10). Best war auch Pvt, Co. A, 16th Regiment New York Infantry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 10).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Best, Isaac O. Best (121st NY): History of the 121st New York State Infantry (Upton's Regulars) (Chicago 1921); 254 pp, Index, Rosters, Photos

 

 

Betge, Robert J.:

US-Col; 68th Regiment New York Infantry (National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 10). Betge stammte aus Braunschweig und war deutschstämmig (Kamphoefner/Helbich, Wolfgang: Germans in the Civil War, p. 47).

 

1824 - † 9.9. 1877; was a German-American politician and United States Army officer during the American Civil War. Betge was born in Prussia and emigrated to New Jersey, where he operated a stationery store. In 1857, Betge joined the board of directors of the Hoboken Bank for Savings. In 1861, at the outbreak of the Civil War, Betge received permission to organize the 68th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment and was commissioned as its colonel. After entering service, he led the unit to Virginia where he was court-martialed. Found not guilty, Betge continued as colonel of the 68th New York until March 1862. That month, after protesting to his commanding general what he perceived to be mistreatment of his unit, Betge was placed under arrest. After his unit fought in the Battle of Cross Keys, he resigned his commission on August 6, 1862. In 1866, Betge moved to San Francisco, where he continued to work as a stationer and authored a book of verse. In 1868, he was elected to the California State Senate as a Democrat. He was re-elected in 1870 and served as the Chairman of the Committee on Commerce and Navigation. He died in 1877 (Wikipedia, Stichwort Robert J. Betge, Abruf v. 12.5.2016).

 

 

Betts, Alexander D.:

CS-Chaplain; Co. F&S, 30th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 3); auch General and Staff Officers, Non-Re­gimental Enlisted Men, CSA, (National Park Soldiers M818 Roll 3).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Betts, Rev. Alexander D.: Experiences of a Confederate Chaplain, 1861-1864. N.p., n.d.

 

 

Bevens, William E.:

CS-Pvt; Co. F&S, G, 1st Regiment Arkansas Infantry (Colquitt's) (National Park Soldiers M376 Roll 5)

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Bevens, W. E. Reminiscences of a Private. Edited by Daniel E. Sutherland. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1992.

 

 

Beveridge, John L.:

US-BrigGen; 1864 Col 8th Illinois Cavalry; im Sommer 1863 war Major Beveridge Regimentskommandeur 8th Illinois Cavalry 1st Cavalry Brigade Col William *Gamble 1st Cavalry Division BrigGen John Buford Army of the Potomac (Martin: Gettysburg, p. 39). Die 8th Illinois Cavalry bildete mit Teilen unter Captain Daniel *Buck am 1.7.1863 in Gettysburg die vorgeschobene Picket Line vor der Front von Buford's Cavalry Division am Chambersburg Pike nahe Marsh Creek westlich von McPherson's Ridge (Martin: Gettys­burg, p. 73, 79).

 

Col. George H. Chapman befehligte am 1.7.1863 Teile der Verteidigungslinie der Cavalry Brigade Gamble bei McPherson's Ridge bestehend aus 12th Illinois Cavalry und 3rd Indiana Cavalry (Martin: Gettysburg, p. 74) bzw. Colonel George Chapman led the two of the 12th Illinois Cavalry and 3rd Indiana Cavalry, Gamble's Cavalry Brigade at the northern end of General Buford's picket line at Herr Ridge (westlich vor McPherson's Ridge). Major John Beveridge held the center with Gamble's own 8th Illinois; and LtCol Wil­liam Markell's 8th New York took the left flank (Newton: McPherson's Ridge, p. 19).

 

Beveridge initially served with Farnsworth in the 8th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Cavalry. In November 1863, he received approval to raise his own regiment, the 17th Illinois Volunteer Cavalry and was elevated to the rank of Major. The unit saw service in Missouri. He was brevetted to Brigadier General in March 1865 and mustered out on February 6, 1866. Upon returning home, Be­veridge was elected to serve as Cook County Sheriff. In 1870, Beveridge was elected to the Illinois Senate as a Republican. The next year, Beveridge was elected to fill the vacancy in the United States House of Representatives caused by the resignation of John A. Logan. He served in this role for only a year as well, resigning to accept his election as Lieutenant Governor of Illinois. The next year, upon the resignation of Richard J. Oglesby, Beveridge became Governor of Illinois (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ John_ Lou­rie_Beveridge).

 

Photo:

Col. John L. Beveridge (www.findagrave.com).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Beveridge, John L.: "The First Gun at Gettysburg", in: Bandy and Freeland: The Gettysburg Papers, Vol. I: 159-180 (= Illinois Mollus, Vol. 2: 90)

- **Beveridge, John L.: „First Shot at Gettysburg.“ National Tribune, 31 July 1902

- **Beveridge, John L.: "Illinois Monuments at Gettysburg"; in: Gettysburg Sources, Vol. 3: 1-37

 

 

Bevins, William E.:

CS-Pvt; auch 'Bevens'; 1st Arkansas Infantry (Co G)

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Bevins, William E. (1st Arkansas Infantry, C.S.A.): Reminiscenses of a Private (Univ Arkansas Press, 1992); 282 pp, Illustrated; Maps, Biblio, Notes, Roster

- **Stone, Thomas R.: Diary, May 5, 1861 - July, 1862; 1 roll. The diary is actually a handwritten copy made in 1911 by W. E. *Be­vins. Like Private Thomas R. Stone, Bevins was a member of Company G, First Arkansas Infantry, and copied the original diary and a few letters of Stone written during July 1862 (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Beyer, Hillary:

US-2ndLt; Co. +++; 90th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry; er erhielt im Battle of Antietam die Medal of Honor; he cared by East Wood for wounded comrades (National Park Soldiers,Antietam Medal Honor).

 

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