Version 25.7.2017

 

 

Litera B (Ba)

 

 

Babcock, John C.:

US-Pvt und Cartographer (vgl. Fishel: Secret War, a.a.P., S. 153).

 

Im Zivilberuf Architekt in Chicago; im März 1862 hatte sich Babcock als Pvt angeschlossen und erhielt die Aufgabe, nach Angaben von Kriegsgefangenen feindliche Befestigungen zu zeichnen. Nach dem Battle of Williamsburg (4./5.5.1862 während der Peninsula Campaign) erhielt Babcock die Aufgabe als Cartographer in McClellan's Headquarters im Rahmen von Pinkerton's Aufklärungsorga­nisation (vgl. Fishel: Secret War, a.a.P., S. 153). In his new job as cartographer Babcock did his own scouting of the ground to be mapped; das machte ihn von Informationen aus zweiter hand unabhängig; dadurch begründete Babcock einen neuen Standard für das 'Map Making' (vgl. Fishel: Secret War, a.a.P., S. 153).

 

Babcock's method evidently was to map small areas in the army's front one at a time and consolidate the series on a map covering the whole front or a sizable section of it (vgl. Fishel: Secret War, a.a.P., S. 153).

 

When McClellan was relieved in Nov. '62, Pinkerton left also, although he continued to investigate claims; ins Zivilleben zurückge­kehrt, betrieb Pinkerton seine Detektei weiter (vgl. Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 654).

 

 

Babcock, Orville E.:

US-BrigGen, West Point 1861 (3/45), Engineers; bis August 1861 Aide de Camps von Banks bei der Errichtung der Verteidigung Wa­shingtons; seit 1864 Grant's ADC im Rang eines LtCol (vgl. Porter: Campaining with Grant, a.a.O., S. 32; Boatner, a.a.O., S. 36)

 

 

Babcock, William A.:

+++klären+++

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Babcock, William A.: “The 114th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers.” Philadelphia Times, 24 April 1886

 

 

Baber, Dangerfield Lewis:

CS-1stLt; Co. K, 30th Regiment Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 3).
 

18.11.1841 Edgeville, King George County/VA - † gef. 17.9.1862 Antietam) (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 21.7.2016); S. v. Thomas Bomberry Berry Baber (1795-1871) und Catherine Daingerfield Lewis Coleman-Baber (1812-1866); Bruder von Sergeant Henry Baber (30th Regiment Virginia Infantry; † gef. 17.9.1862 Antietam) und Emma Lavinia Baber Garnett (1825-1906); Schwager von Col Thomas Stuart *Garnett (Col 48th Regiment Virginia Infantry; † 4.5.1863 nach tödlicher Verwundung im Battle of Chancellorsville am 3.5.1863) (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 21.7.2016).

 

 

Bache, F. M.:

US-Captain; ein Verwandter von Gen George *Meade

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol II, a.a.O., S. 95

 

 

Bachelder, John B.:

John Bachelder (1825-1894) was a New Hampshire-born painter, photographer and historian.  Within days of the battle he traveled to Gettysburg, where he spent months traversing the field, making sketches, and interviewing participants and witnesses.  Intellectually engaged by the challenge and committed to honoring the sacrifices of its participants, he went on to spend 30 years researching the battle down to its most minute details.

 

Dem verstorbenen Edwin B. Coddington kommt das Verdienst zu, die Bachelder Papers zu öffnen und ihre aufregenden Kommentare zu den führenden Teilnehmern der Schlacht der interessierten Öffentlichkeit zugänglich gemacht zu haben (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, July 1, a.a.O., S. 10).

 

The John B. Bachelder Papers are at the New Hampshire Historical Society. They include scores of letters written by participants in the battle of Gettysburg to Bachelder when he was making his various maps of the Battlefield and when he was the historian for the Gettysburg Battlefield Memorial Association (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg Culp's Hill & Cemetery Hill, a.a.O., S. 471).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bachelder, John G.: Positions of Troops, Second Days Battle (Gettysburg) (New York: Office of the Chief of Engineers, U.S. Army, 1876)

- **Bachelder, John: John Bachelder's History of the Battle of Gettysburg (Morningside, Dayton); 842 pp, 34 Folding Maps

- **Bachelder, John: Bachelder Papers, New Hampshire Historical Society, Concord, New Hampshire

- **Bachelder, John B., "Descriptive Key to the Painting of the Repulse of Longstreet's Assault", Battle of Gettysburg, An Historical Account; in: Gettysburg National Military Park Library, Box B – 32 (PDF-Datei, Archiv Ref ameridownload 'Bachelder [Story of Battle of Gettysburg + Repulse of Longstreet's Assault])

- **Bachelder, John B.; Sketchbook and Loose drawings. Views of Gettysburg Battlefield; in: Gettysburg National Military Park Libra­ry, Box FB - 2 Loose Volumes

- **Bachelder, John B.: „The Third Days Battle.“ Philadelphia Weekly Times, December 15, 1877

- **Sauers, Richard Allen: John B. Bachelder: Government Historian at the Battle of Gettysburg; in: Gettysburg Magazine, Issue Num­ber 2

 

 

Bachman, Aaron E.:

US-Pvt; Co. L, 1st Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry (15th Reserves) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 4);

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Bachman, Aaron E.: Typescript Memoir, Harrisburg Civil War Round Table Collection, U.S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks/PA

 

 

Bachman, Edwin I.:

US-Lt; Stabsmitglied in Coburn's Brigade (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 60, 63).

 

 

Bachman, W. K.:

CS-Captain, Bachman's Company, South Carolina Artillery (German Light Artillery) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M381 Roll 12); die Einheit wurde von Captain Bachman 1862 aufgestellt.

 

Am 10.9.1861 fand eine Versammlung in Charleston/SC, die meisten waren deutschstämmig, in der Institute Hall statt. Hierbei hob Bachman ein von den deutschen Frauen gefertigtes Banner und begrüßte die Versammelten mit einer Ansprache (vgl. Charleston Mercury, Ausgabe 11.9.1861; vgl. Ural, Susan­nah J. /(ed.): Civil War Citizens: Race, Ethnicity, and Identity in America's Bloodiest Contest [New York University Press, N.Y., 2010], S. 1).

 

 

Bachmeier, Friedrich (Frederick):

US-Pvt; Co. E, 68td Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 4).

 

Age, 23 years. Enlisted, August 8, 1861, at New York city, to serve three years; mustered in as private, Co. E, August 10, 1861; deser­ted in August, 1861 (vgl. Annual Report of the Adjutant-General of the State of New York Roster 68th New York Infantry).

 

 

Backhoff, John:

US-Pvt; Co. G, 2nd Regiment Minnesota Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M546 Roll 1).

 

 

Backhoff, John:

US-Pvt; Co. K, 6th Regiment Minnesota Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M546 Roll 1).

 

 

Backhoff, John:

US-Pvt, 5th Kentucky Infantry Regiment, Co C

 

 

Backhoff, Joseph:

US-Pvt, 41st New York Infantry Regiment, Co G

 

 

Backoff, Frank:

US-Maj; beteiligt an der Militärrevolution in Rastatt. Badischer 1848er. Kämpfte mit Auszeichnung in der deutschen Revolution (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 480).

 

Backoff wanderte 1851 mit der „Baltimore“ von Le Havre nach New York aus, wo er am 23.5.1851 ankam (vgl. http://www. nausa.un­i-oldenburg.de/1848/backh.htm).

 

Backoff kommandierte im Juni 1861 während Lyon's Vorstoß nach Südwest-Missouri zwei Artillery-Batteries (Backoff's Battery) mit insgesamt 8 Geschützen (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 108; vgl. Sigel's Report: OR 3, 17). Battle of Carthage am 5.7.1861 (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 122).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 108, 122; Backoff's Battery: S. 108, 122, 176, 182, 190-91, 201

 

 

Backoff, John:

US-Pvt., 3rd Kentucky Infantry Regiment, Co. C

 

 

Bacon, Alvin Q.:

US-Pvt; Co. I, 14th Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 3).

 

 

Badeau, Adam:

US-LtCol; Military Secretary; zunächst als Reporter im Krieg, dann ADC General Sherman's; schwer verwundet bei Port Hudson; 1864 Mitglied des Stabes von Grant (vgl. Porter: Campaining with Grant, a.a.O., S. 33) und als LtCol dessen Military Secretary; Ba­deau schrieb nach dem Krieg das Buch Military History of Ulysses S. Grant (1868-1881)

 

 

Bätz / Baetz, Henry:

US-Major, 26st Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürger­krieg, a.a.O., S. 480), Co. F, S; Bätz trat in das Regiment als Captain ein und wurde zum Major befördert (vgl. http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-soldiers-detail.htm?soldier_ id=b057df7d-dc7a-df11-bf36-b8ac6f5d926a).

 

Baetz was born in Germany on July 27, 1830. He moved to Two Rivers, Wisconsin in 1853.[1] Later, he moved to Kewaunee, Wis­consin before settling in Manitowoc, Wisconsin. During the American Civil War, he served with the 26th Wisconsin Volunteer Infan­try Regiment of the Union Army and would reach the rank of Major. He moved to Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 1875. Baetz died on Ja­nuary 2, 1910 (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Baetz).

 

In 1868, Baetz was a delegate to the Republican National Convention that nominated Ulysses S. Grant for President of the United States. He would serve as Treasurer from 1870 to 1874 and as Secretary of the State Board of Immigration from 1880 to 1883 (vgl. http://en. wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Baetz).

 

 

Bäumer, Wilhelm:

s. Baumer, William

 

 

Bagby, Arthur Pendleton:

CS-MajGen; West Point 1852 (36/43); 2nd Lt; resigned 1853; Studium Rechtswissenschaft in Alabama; Rechtsanwalt in Mobile / Alabama von 1855-1858, dann bis 1861 in Gonzales / Texas; 12.10.1861 Major 7th Texas Mounted Volunteers Regiment (s. Texas Cavalry); LtCol 4.4.1862; Col 15.11.1862; ein erfolgtes Rücktrittsgesuch Bagby's wurde abgelehnt, weil man einen wertvollen Offizier nicht verlieren wollte. In einem sodann eingeleiteten Kriegsgerichtsverfahren wurde Bagby freigesprochen. 1863 - 1865 Brigadekommandeur und Divisionskommandeur verschiedener Einheiten und an verschiedenen Einsatzorten (zu den Einzelheiten vgl. Allardice, a.a.O., S. 24-25); BrigGen 13.4.1864; am 16.5.1865 bei Kriegsende (irregulär) durch Kirby Smith zum MajGen ernannt (vgl. Allardice: More Ge­nerals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 24).

 

Photo:

- Allardice, a.a.O., S. 24

 

Documents/Literature::

- Confederate Veteran, XXIX (1921), S. 146: "Gen A. P. Bagby"

- Confederate Veteran, XXXII (1924), S. 172

- **Hall, Martin H.: "The Court Martial of Arthur Pendleton Bagby, CSA," East Texas historical Journal, XIV (1981), S. 60-65

 

 

Bagby, George:

CS-Journalist; Reporter im regierungskritischen Charleston Mercury (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 21, 26).

 

George Bagby was born on August 13, 1828, on the Buckingham County plantation of William Evans, his maternal grandfather. He was the only son and elder of two children of George Bagby, owner of a general store in Lynchburg, and Virginia Young Evans Bag­by, who were both descended from families that had been in Virginia since before the American Revolution (1775–1783). Bagby's mother died when he was about eight years old, and his father sent him and his sister to live on the Cumberland County plantation of their aunt Elizabeth Hobson. Bagby there developed the sensitivity to the minutiae of plantation life that later informed many of his popular essays, including the beautifully crafted 1860 composition, "Fishing on the Appomattox."

 

When Bagby was ten his father sent him to Edgehill School in Princeton, New Jersey. Two years later he transferred to Hurlbut School in Philadelphia, and in 1843 he entered Delaware College. He matriculated at the University of Pennsylvania in 1846 and gra­duated with a degree in medicine in 1849. Bagby may have studied medicine to satisfy his father's wishes, because after he moved back to Lynchburg he made little or no attempt to establish a practice.

 

In 1853 Bagby and a close friend, George Woodville Latham, began publication of a newspaper, the Lynchburg Express, which lasted only three years but launched Bagby on a lifelong career in journalism and writing. In 1857 he moved to Washington, D.C., where he served as correspondent for a number of southern newspapers, started to publish essays in national journals, and began acquiring fame as a writer. His first articles in a journal of wide distribution were "My Wife and My Theory About Wives" (1855) and "The Virginia Editor," (1856) which appeared in Harper's New Monthly Magazine. In 1858 the Southern Literary Messenger published the first of his eight "Mozis Addums" letters, addressed to "Billy Ivvins" in "Curdsville, Va." The Addums letters were modeled on the speech of backwoods characters Bagby had known as a boy and were influenced by the well-established tradition of southwest dia­lect humor, and they were an immediate success. Although Bagby later came to resent the lasting popularity of Mozis Addums, com­plaining that for many years the name made him "a little sick whenever I heard it," the enormous popularity of the letters was no doubt responsible in part for Bagby's being named successor to John Reuben Thompson in June 1860 as editor of the Southern Li­terary Messenger. In March 1863 he also became associate editor of the Richmond Whig.

 

Relieved to get away from the antislavery fervor of many of Washington's politicians, Bagby enthusiastically supported secession and the Southern cause in his editorials in the Messenger, but the war had a disastrous effect on the magazine. After struggling for more than three years to keep the publication alive in the face of dwindling supplies of paper and ink and shrinking subscription rolls, Bag­by resigned his position as editor in January 1864, only months before the most-distinguished literary journal in the South ceased pu­blication forever. Bagby joined the Confederate army on April 22, 1861, but the chronic dyspepsia from which he suffered all of his adult life led to his discharge late in September 1861. He tied his fortunes so closely to the Confederate cause that in April 1865 he fled Richmond aboard the same train that carried Confederate president Jefferson Davis and his entourage to Danville.

 

Bagby returned to Richmond within a month to join his young wife, Lucy Parke Chamberlayne Bagby, whom he had married on February 16, 1863. They had six sons and four daughters between 1864 and 1882. Faced with the expenses of suppor­ting the growing family, Bagby turned in desperation to the lecture circuit. His humorous writings, especially his "Bacon and Greens" (1866), were ideally suited for public lectures, but he remained in debt. Consequently, from 1867 to 1870 he edited the Native Virgi­nian, a new newspaper published first at Orange Court House and later in Gordonsville, Orange County. His efforts to make the newspaper a financial success proved to be in vain, however, and in 1870 he returned to Richmond as assistant to the secretary of the commonwealth, who was by law also the state librarian. Until he lost his job when the Readjusters came to power in 1878, Bagby was in charge of the books in the Virginia State Library. He continued to lecture and composed some of his best-known works during those years, including his most famous essay, "The Old Virginia Gentleman," in 1877.

 

In a series of letters published in the Richmond State during the final years of his life, Bagby revealed the abiding tension in his mind and writings between the impulse to describe life in Virginia precisely and accurately and the impulse to sentimentalize the old days in his native commonwealth. At his best, his observations on Southside plantation life are shaped by an admirable blend of accuracy, objectivity, and genuine affection for his subject. Some of the essays, such as "My Uncle Flatback's Plantation," "Fishing on the Ap­pomattox," and "Corn-Field Peas," have held up well. Others more deeply rooted in the ethos of the time have not.

 

George William Bagby died of the effects of chronic dyspepsia and an ulcer of the tongue at his home in Richmond on November 29, 1883 and was buried in Shockoe Cemetery. Posthumous editions of his essays appeared in 1884–1885, 1910, 1938, 1943, and 1948, the last three edited by his youngest daughter, Ellen Matthews Bagby. (vgl. http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/ Bagby_ George_ William_1828-1883#start_entry).

 

 

Bahnson, Charles Frederic:

CS-Captain; Acting Quartermaster, Co. G, 2nd Battalion North Carolina Infantry; Bahnson trat als First Sergeant in das Battalion ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 2).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Chapman, Sarah Bahnson (ed.): „Bright ans Gloomy Days“. The Civil War Correspondence of Captain Charles Frederic Bahnson, a Moravian Confederate (University of Tennessee Press / Knoxville 2003)

 

 

Bailey, Edward L.:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 2nd Regiment New Hampshire Infantry; zuvor Captain Co. I, 2nd Regiment New Hampshire Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M549 Roll 1).

 

1863 Regimentskommandeur 2nd New Hampshire Infantry 3rd Brigade Col George C. Burling 2nd Division BrigGen An­drew A. Humphreys III Army Corps David E. Birney; Teilnahme am Battle von Gettysburg; die Regimenter von Burling's Brigade wurden an verschiedenen Stellen der Front, außerhalb des Brigadeverbandes als Verstärkung eingesetzt (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 242).

 

 

Bailey, Franklin:

US-Pvt; Co. D, 12th Regiment Michigan Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M545, Roll 2); Teilnahme am Battle of Shiloh; in einem Brief an seine Eltern, geschrieben in Savannah nach dem Battle of Shiloh, Bailey said, that the engagement made him shudder to think about it; that the sight was simply terrible beyond description (vgl. McDonough: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 5).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bailey, Franklin: Letters (Michigan Historical Collection, Bentley Historical Society, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor / Michi­gan)

- **Bailey, Franklin: Letter to Parents, 8.4.1862, Personal Accounts, Federal, Shiloh National Military Park Library (SNMP)

 

 

Bailey, George W.:

US-Pvt; Co. F, 3rd Regiment Michigan Infantry (2nd organization) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M545 Roll 2).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bailey, George W.: The Civil War Diary and Biography of George W. Bailey (ed. Gerald R. Post. Colleyville / Texas: Privately prin­ted, 1990)

 

 

Bailey, Guildford D.:

US-Col (vgl. Nevins: Col Wainwright, a.a.O., S. 4, 59). Col 1st New York Artillery (vgl. Nevins, a.a.O., S. 74-75); † gefallen im Battle of Seven Pines am 31.5.1862 (vgl. Nevins, a.a.O., S. 74-75).

 

 

Bailey, Joseph M.:

6.5.1825 Pennsville, Morgan County / Ohio - † 21.3.1867; US-BrigGen; aus Wisconsin;

 

Bailey was born near the town of Pennsville in Morgan County, Ohio. He earned a civil engineering degree at the University of Illinois, then moved to Wisconsin and became a civil engineer and lumberman. Politically, he was a Democrat. (vgl. http://en. wiki­pedia. org/ wiki/Joseph_Bailey_(general).

 

Bailey entered the Union Army at the beginning of the war as captain of Company D of the 4th Wisconsin Volunteer Regiment. He served as part of Major General Benjamin F. Butler's Army of the Gulf, which occupied New Orleans after Admiral David Farragut captured the city in April 1862. Bailey was named acting chief engineer for the city of New Orleans shortly after its occupa­tion. Promoted to major in May 1863, Bailey contributed to the Union Army's engineering activities in support of the Siege of Port Hudson. In August 1863, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel when the regiment was redesignated as the 4th Wisconsin Cavalry Regiment. (vgl. http://en. wikipedia. org/ wiki/Joseph_Bailey_(general).

 

LtCol Bailey gelang es während der Red River Campaign 1864, durch das meisterhafte Anlegen von Dämmen, den Red River aufzus­tauen, sodaß die Gunboat-Flotte Porters, die in Gefahr war, wegen des fallenden Wasserstandes zu stranden, weitgehend geret­tet werden konnten durch Rückzug zum Mississippi (vgl. Nevins: The War for the Union: The Organized War to Victory, a.a.O., S. 5; Ir­win, Richard B.: "The Red River Campaign," B & L IV, S. 345 f).

 

Joseph Bailey survived the war by less than two years. In October 1865, he moved with his wife and children to Vernon County, Missouri, where he was elected sheriff. He was shot and killed on March 21, 1867 near Nevada, Missouri by two brothers he had ar­rested (but failed to disarm) for stealing a hog. Despite a $3,000 reward, the killers, former bushwhackers Lewis and Perry Pixley, were never brought to justice. A third suspect was lynched. Later William McWaters also fell under suspicion for Bailey's murder, but managed to escape the posse sent to arrest him. (vgl. http://en. wikipedia. org/ wiki/Joseph_Bailey_(general).

General Bailey was buried with Masonic honors in the military cemetery at Fort Scott, Kansas. His remains were later moved to Evergreen Cemetery, where he rests next to his wife. A monument to his memory stands in Malta, Ohio, and he is the subject of a biography, Hero of the Red River - The Life and Times of Joseph Bailey. (vgl. http://en. wikipedia. org/ wiki/Joseph_Bailey_ (gene­ral).

 

 

Bailey, Joseph M.:

CS-Lt; Co D 16th Arkansas Infantry. Bailey moved to Carroll County with his family in the 1850's. He enlisted in the Arkansas state troops when the war broke out and was initially assigned to the Fourth Arkansas Infantry. Following the battle of Wilson's Creek, Bailey mustered out of state service but then reenlisted in the regular Confederate army and was assigned to the Sixteenth Arkansas Infantry. He fought with his unit at Pea Ridge (Benton County), Corinth, and Port Hudson, Mississippi, where the entire regiment was taken prisoner. Bailey and a comrade managed to escape and make their way back to Arkansas where he finished out the war in an unidentified company of irregulars. Bailey berichtet, daß die 16th Arkansas am 7.3.1862 unter Col John F. Hill bei Oberson's Field (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 111 und Anm. 58; Karte bei Shea / Hess, a.a.O., S. 108) gegen die US-Skirmish Line der 36th Illinois Infantry (Co. B. Captain Silas *Miller und Co. G) vorstieß, ohne die dort liegende Leiche des an dieser Stelle unmittelbar zu­vor gefallenen CS-BrigGen Benjamin *McCulloch zu bemerken (vgl. Shea / Hess, a.a.O., S. 111). Nachdem der Vorstoß der 16th Ar­kansas durch US-Artilleriefeuer am Waldrand nördlich Oberson's Field gestoppt worden war, besuchte Bailey seinen an der rechte Seite des Regiments eingesetzten Bruder. Als er eintraf, war gerade die Leiche von BrigGen McCulloch entdeckt worden (vgl. Shea / Hess, a.a.O., S. 111).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bailey, Joseph M.: "The Story of a Confederate Soldier, 1861-5"; Texas State Library, Austin, Archives Division

- **Bailey, Joseph M.: "The Death of General McCulloch"; in: Confederate Veteran 36 (1928), S. 175

- **Bailey, Joseph M.: Memoir, undated; 1 item. Positive photocopy of a typewritten autobiographical manuscript entitled "Story of a Confederate Soldier, 1861-1865" written by First Lieutenant Joseph M. Bailey, Company D, Sixteenth Arkansas Infantry. Originally from Tennessee. The original typewritten manuscript is held by the Texas State Library. (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

- Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 111 und Anm. 58

 

 

Bailey, Lewis J.:

CS-Pvt; Co. F, 20th Regiment Mississippi Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M232 Roll 2 iVm. L. J. Bailey: „Escape from Fort Donelson,“ Confederate Veteran, February 1915, p. 64).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bailey, L. J.: „Escape from Fort Donelson,“ Confederate Veteran, February 1915, p. 64

 

 

Bailey, R. A.:

CS-Major; Bailey unternahm mit ca. 200 Mann Cavalry am 25.7.1862 einen Überfall auf Summerville, WVa. Hier befand sich im Sommer 1862 ein US-Außenposten der 9th West Virginia Infantry; am 25.7.1862 kam es zu einem nächtlichen Überfall durch CS-Cavalry, geführt von Major R. A. Bailey (vgl. Report von Lt. John C. Paxton OR 12 [2] S. 107-108; Mosocco: The Chronological Tracking of the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 78)

 

 

Bain, James G.:

US-Pvt; 33rd Indiana Infantry; Teilnahme am Battle of Thompson's Station am 5.3.1863, dabei kriegsgefangen (vgl. Welcher / Lig­get: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 89).

 

 

Baird, Absalom:

20.8.1824 Washington / Pennsylvania - † 14.5.1905 Relay / Maryland; US-MajGen (USV) und 1885 US-BrigGen (Army) und In­spector General der US-Army; 1824-1905; West Point 1849 (9/43); Artillery; US-Berufsoffizier; Teilnahme am Seminole War; Ma­thematiklehrer in West Point; Captain 11.5.1861; AAG Daniel Tyler's bei First Bull run; IG und Stabschef IV Army Corps in Yorktown und Williams­burg; BrigGen 28.4.1862; Brigadekommandeur 27th Brigade, 7th Division, Army of the Ohio von 12.4.1862-10.10.1862; Brigade­kommandeur 4th Brigade der Army of the Cumberland (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 38-39); er übernahm vom 23.8.1863-21.9.1863 die 1st Division XIV Corps / Army of the Cumberland in Dug Gap, Chickamauga und Rossville. Baird received am 22.4.1896 the Medal of Honor for his military actions,  for leading "an assault upon the enemy's works" at the Battle of Jonesbo­ro on September 1, 1864 (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 39; http://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/Absalom_Baird ).

 

 

Baird, Edward C.:

US-Captain; 1863 gehörte Baird zum Stab von MajGen Reynolds I Army Corps und war am 1.7.1863 beim Tod von MajGen Reynolds *Herbst Woods / McPherson's Ridge anwesend (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 142).

 

 

Baird, John, P.:

US-Col. 85th Indiana Infantry; *5.1.1830 auf Baird Farm (Simpson Creek, Spencer County, KY, nahe Taylorsville) - 7.5.1881; sein Vater Stephen Baird stammte aus Irland, seine Mutter aus Spencer County; 1832 verkaufte Spencer Baird seine Farm und zog als Farmer ins Vigo County / Indiana. John Baird verbrachte seine Jugend auf der elterlichen Farm; seine Schulausbildung erhielt er auf der örtlichen Schule; mit 18 Jahren besuchte er das Franklin College (Franklin, Ind.) für 2 Jahre. Anschließend zog er nach Terre Haut und fand eine Anstellung bei Charles T. Noble; 1851/52 besuchte er die Law School auf der Indiana State University, Bloo­mington, Ind., und wurde am 10.3.1852 als Rechtsanwalt zugelassen. Im April 1852 gründete er mit William D. Griswold eine An­waltssozietät, die er nach dem Ausscheiden seines Partners 1854 weiterführte; einer seiner Partner Gen Charles Cruft.

 

Im Battle of Thompson's Station / Tennessee am 5.3.1863 fiel Baird in Kriegsgefangenschaft, wurde im Libby Prison / Richmond in­haftiert, jedoch früher als alle anderen Gefangenen von Coburn's Brigade am 12.4.1863 ausgetauscht; Gerüchte, Baird hätte hierbei in unehrenhafter Weise seine Entlassung erreicht, scheinen unzutreffend (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 102-103). Ab 19.4.1863 kommandierte er die US-Stellungen bei Franklin / Tennessee (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 103).

 

Baird war als im Juni 1863 als Kommandant von Franklin / Tennessee der verantwortliche Offizier für die Exekution der beiden CS-Spione Col William Orton *Williams und Lt Walter G. *Peter; die Ereignisse belasteten ihn persönlich lebenslang; Baird erkrankte psychisch, und wurde auf eigenen Wunsch am 16.6.1864 während der Atlanta Campaign aus der Armee entlassen; nach Hause zu­rückgekehrt, wurde er später in das Indiana Hospital für Geisteskranke auf eigenen Wunsch eingewiesen, wo er 1881 verstorben ist (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 119).

 

Photo:

- Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 16

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bradsby, Henry C.: History of Vigo County, Indiana (Chicago: S. B. Nelson & Company, Publishers, 1891, Part II. pp. 960-64)

- **Brant, Jefferson E.: History of the Eighty-Fifth Indiana Volunteer Infantry (Bloomington / Ind.: Cravens Brothers, Printers and Binders, 1902); Anm.: Brant war Captain Company ‘E’ 85th Indiana Infantry und später kurzzeitig Regimentskommandeur

- Welcher, Frank and Larry G. Ligget: Coburn’s Brigade: 85th Indiana, 33rd Indiana, 19th Michigan, and 22nd Wisconsin in the Civil War; (Carmel, Ind.: Guild Press of Indiana, 1999); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik22, S. 5, 8, 16, 23, 30, 38, 50, 52, 54-55, 58, 60-62, 65, 67, 75, 93, 98-99, 102-03, 109-11, 113-19, 131, 136, 138-39, 141-44, 152-53, 159, 164, 172, 174, 191, 193, 208, 222-25, 389-90

 

 

Baker, Alpheus:

US-++General

 

 

Baker, Charles (D):

CS-Pvt; Co. B, 7th Regiment Louisiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M378 Roll 2).

 

Enlisted Camp Moore, La., June 7th, 1861. Present on All Rolls to Feb., 1864. Federal Rolls of Prisoners of War Captured Near Spottsylvania C. H., May 11th, 1864. Sent to Belle Plains, Va., May 18th, 1864. Recorded, at Elmira, N. Y., March 10th, 1865. Sent to Ja­mes River for Exchange. Exchanged March 15th, 1865. Born, Germany. Res., Baton Rouge, La. Age when Enlisted, 35. Single (vgl. http://laahgp.genealogyvillage.com/MilitaryIndex/louisianasoldiersa1.html, Abruf vom 3.6.2016).

 

 

Baker, Conrad:

US-+++; aus Indiana; in der Vorkriegszeit war Baker Lawyer in Evansville / Indiana; Baker hatte keinerlei militärische Erfahrung, wurde jedoch durch Governor Morton davon überzeugt, ein Offizierspatent anzunehmen und ein Cavalry Regiment aufzustellen; Col 1st Indiana Cavalry (vgl. Thornbrough: Indiana in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 133). Mit diesem Regiment war Baker in den ersten Mo­naten nach Kriegsausbruch in Missouri eingesetzt; er kehrte dann nach Indiana zurück, wo er zum Provost Marshall ernannt wur­de (vgl. Thornbrough: Indiana in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 129).

 

 

Baker, D. B.:

US-+++; 25th Missouri Infantry; im März 1862 und beim Battle of Shiloh gehörte die 25th Missouri Infantry zur 1st Brigade Col Everett *Peabody 6th Division BrigGen Benjamin M. *Prentiss in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 76, 141, 320; vgl. Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh, B & L, a.a.O., I, S. 538).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bryant, Thomas J.: Who is Responsible of the Army of the Tennessee Towards Corinth (N.p., 1885), Statement of D. B. Baker, S. 31

 

 

Baker, Edward Dickinson "Ned":

US-Col; 1st Regiment California Infantry; geb. 1811 in England - † 21.10.1861 im Battle of Ball's Bluff; einer der ersten prominen­ten US-Gefallenen im Krieg; Baker hatte darauf verzichtet, seine persönliche Freundschaft zu Lincoln auszunutzen, um hierdurch den aktiven Militärdienst zu vermei­den. Vorkriegszeit: Rechtsanwalt in Springfield / Ill., wo er den späteren Präs. Lincoln kennen­lernte und auch mit Stephen *Douglas befreundet war; Senator in Illinois; enger Freund Präsident Lincoln's; Lincoln's zweiter Sohn Edward Baker Lincoln (1846-1850) war nach Col. Baker benannt; 1844 zum Colonel der Illinois Militia ernannt; stellte Baker 1846 das 4th Illinois Infantry Regiment auf mit dem er am Krieg gegen Mexiko teilnahm; im Mexikanischen Krieg zweimal verwundet; 1848 in den US-Kongress gewählt; 1852 zog Baker mit seiner Familie nach San Francisco, wo er eine florierende Rechtsanwalts­kanzlei be­trieb. Mitglied der Republikanischen Partei; 1859 zog er auf Bitten der Republikaner nach Oregon, um dort für den US-Kon­gress zu kandidieren; zum Senator von Oregon 1859 in den US-Senat gewählt, war einer der entschiedensten Unterstützer Lin­coln's; bei Aus­bruch des Bürgerkrieges wurde Baker zum Colonel des 1st California Infantry Regiment (umbenannt in 71st Pennsyl­vania) gewählt, das sich ausschließlich aus früheren California Residents zusammensetzte, die inzwischen in den Oststaaten lebten.

 

1861 wurde Baker zum Brigade-Kommandeur in Charles P. Stone's Division ernannt, deren Aufgabe darin bestand, die Grenze zur Konföderation östlich Leesburg zu überwachen (Farwell, a.a.O., S. 53). Baker verzichtete auf einen Generalsrang, da er nur im Rang eines Colonel Abgeordneter bleiben konnte, was Generalen versagt war.

 

Col. Baker kommandierte die US-Truppen im Gefecht von Ball's Bluff am 21.10.1861; Baker ist im Gefecht gefallen.

 

McMahon (Diary, a.a.O., S. 4) bezeichnet Baker als "Senator von Oregon und einer unserer besten Männer. Er hätte MajGen sein können, wenn er gewollt hätte. Aber er konnte nicht gleichzeitig Senator und MajGen sein und wollte Senator bleiben.

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History: Fort Sumter to Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 126

- Farwell, Byron: Ball's Bluff - A small Battle and Its Long Shadow, a.a.O., S. 14

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Farwell, Byron: Ball's Bluff - A small Battle and Its Long Shadow ( McLean / VA: EPM Publications, 1990)

 

 

Baker, Edward D.:

US-++General;

 

 

Baker, Frank (D):

CS-Pvt; Washington Battalion Louisiana Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M378 Roll 2).

 

Enlisted July 31st, 1861, New Orleans, La. Present on All Rolls to Oct., 1864. Roll for Jan. and Feb., 1865, "Detailed as Infantry, on Duty at Fort Craig." Federal Rolls of Prisoners of War Captured at Petersburg, April 1st, 1865. Forwarded to Pt. Lookout, Md., from City Pt., Va., April 4th 1865. Released on Oath of Allegiance to U. S. from Pt. Lookout, Md., June 10th, 1865. Res., New Orleans, La. Complexion, Light. Hair. Brown. Eyes, Brown. Height, 5 ft. 5 in. Born, Germany. Occupation, Baker. Age, 33. Single (vgl. http:// laahgp.genealogyvillage.com/MilitaryIndex/louisianasoldiersa1.html,. Abruf vom 3.6.2016).

 

 

Baker, Harvey:

US-Pvt; Co. H 33rd Indiana Infantry; Teilnahme am Battle of Thompson's Station am 5.3.1863, dabei verwundet und kriegsgefangen (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 87).

 

 

Baker, Isaac Norval:

CS-Pvt; Co 'F' 18th Virginia Cavalry

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Baker, Isaac Norval: Memoirs (VMI Archives, Manuscripts)

 

 

Baker, James:

US-LtCol; im Frühjahr 1862 Regimentskommandeur 2nd Iowa Infantry; im Frühling 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh gehörte das Re­giment zur 1st Brigade Col Tuttle 2nd Division W.H.L. Wallace Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 319; Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh, B & L, a.a.O., I, S. 537 ff).

 

 

Baker, James (D):

CS-Pvt; Co. K, 15th Regiment Louisiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M378 Roll 5).

 

 

Baker, Lafayette C.:

US-BrigGen; 13.10-1826 Stafford, Genesee County / - † 3.7.1868 Philadelphia; amerikanischer Spion und Nachrichtenoffizier (vgl. http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lafayette_C._Baker); Leiter eines US-Spionagerings in Washington, aufgestellt durch LtGen Win­field S. Scott unter Lafayette Baker als Intelligence Officer (vgl. Markle: Spies, a.a.O., S. 6-7; 20); später Lincoln's Secret Service Chief

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Mogelever, Jacob: Death to Traitors: The Story of General Lafayette C. Baker, Lincoln's Forgotten Secret Service Chief (Doubleday 1960)

 

 

Baker, Laurence S.:

CS-BrigGen; 15.1.1830 Coles Hill Plantation Gates County / North Carolina - † 10.4.1907 Suffolk / Virginia; West Point 42/1851; Berufsoffizier 2nd LT US Mountain Rifles; schloß sich der Sezession an (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laurence_S._Baker); Col 1st Regiment North Carolina Cavalry

 

Col 1st North Carolina Cavalry. Das Regiment gehörte während der Gettysburg Campaign 1863 zu Wade Hampton‘s Cavalry Briga­de, Cavalry Division, Army of Northern Virginia (vgl. Longacre: The Cavalry at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 17, 31). Verwundet im Battle of Brandy Station; BrigGen seit 23.7.1863; verwundet im Battle von Brandy Station und nicht mehr einsatzfähig für 1 Jahr. Nach sei­ner Wiederherstellung commander of the Second Military District in his home state of North Carolina, overseeing the defense of vital railroads and supply lines. He briefly led a brigade into Georgia to help defend Savannah, but withdrew before the city surrendered. He also commanded the North Carolina Junior Reserves from 1864 until 1865, a predominantly recruiting and desk position. Despite his still painfully shattered arm, Baker returned to the field during the Carolinas Campaign, including the Battle of Bentonville. He and most of his men did not surrender at the end of the war, preferring to try to cut his way through Union lines to join Joseph E. Johnston's army. Instead, he disbanded his brigade and the remaining men dispersed. Baker received his formal parole in Raleigh, North Carolina, in May 1865.

 

Photo:

BrigGen Laurence S. Baker (Library of the Congress)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Eicher, John H., and Eicher, David J.Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.

- **Heitman, Francis, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, Washington: Government Printing Office, 1903.

- **Warner, Ezra J., Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders, Louisiana State University Press, 1959

 

 

Baker, Levi Wood:

US-1st Sergeant; Co. 9, 9th Independent Battery Massachusetts Light Artillery; 3rd Day of Gettysburg 3.7.1863 (vgl. Rollins: Pickett's Charge, a.a.O., S. xv).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Baker, Levi Wood.: History of the Ninth Massachusetts Battery (South Farmington: Lakeview Press, 1888)

 

 

Baker, Nathan S.:

US-Captain; Co. G&H, 86th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 5, hier als 'Nathan L. Baker' bezeichnet).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Baker, Nathan S.: Diary, Rochester Public Library, Local History Division, Historic Monograph Collection

 

 

Baker, Otis A.:

US-Captain; Co. A, 1st Rhode Island Infantry Regiment, Co. A., 4th Rhode Island Regiment, Co. H, 3rd Massachusetts Infantry Re­giment und 18th Massachusetts Company

 

Photo:

Captain Otis A. Baker (Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C.)

 

 

Bakewell, Gordon A.:

CS-Orderly Sergeant; Washington Battalion, Louisiana Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M378 Roll 2). Bakewell stammte aus New Orleans; Teilnahme am Battle of Shiloh (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 271).

 

Louisiana-Governor Thomas O. *Moore stellte auf Anforderung von Beauregard vom 21.2.1862 ca 1500 Mann Militia auf, die für 90 Tage mit Zustimmung des CS-War Departments eingezogen wurden; die Truppen umfaßten die Washington Artillery (5th Co.), Or­leans Guard Artillery, Orleans Guard Battalion, Crescent Regiment und Confederate Guards Response Battalion (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 61).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bakewell, Gordon: “Orderly That Was of the Fifth Company Washington Artillery at Shiloh!” Illinois Central Magazine, October 1915, S. 18-20

 

 

Balbach, Arthur (D):

US-Major; unidentified District of Columbia (vgl. National Park Soldiers M538 Roll 1); Major (Captain), Co. H, auch 8th Battalion District of Columbia Infantry (3 months, 1861) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M538 Roll 1).

 

Offizier im badischen Generalstab, 1849 an der Revolution beteiligt. Später in Amerika bei der Küstenvermessung be­schäftigt. Zu Beginn des Krieges Major. Gefallen in einem der ersten Kämpfe (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürger­krieg, a.a.O., S. 480, ohne Nennung des Vornamens).

 

 

Baldwin, Asa:

US-Pvt; 82nd Ohio Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Baldwin, Asa: Correspondence, 1864-65. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier in the 82nd Ohio Regiment. Five letters from Baldwin from camps in Ohio, Indiana, and Tennessee, to his wife in Blanchester, Ohio. One letter from Baldwin's brother, R.F. Baldwin, in Ohio (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide - Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Col­lections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms88-079)

 

 

Baldwin, Briscoe G.:

CS-Col; zuvor LtCol/Ordnance Officer, General and Staff Officer, Non-Regimental Men, CSA; Army of Northern Virginia (vgl. National Park Soldiers M818 Roll 2).

 

Col als Nachfolger von Edward Porter *Alexander Chief of Ordnance in Lee's Army of Northern Virginia seit November 1862. Baldwin hatte diese Position inne bis Kriegsende (vgl. Alexander, Edward Porter: Military Memoirs of a Confederate, a.a.O., S. 277).

 

 

Baldwin, Frank D.:

US-Captain; Co. D, 19th Regiment Michigan Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M545 Roll 2); zuvor Co D, 19th Michigan Infantry / Coburn's Brigade (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn’s Brigade, a.a.O., S. 135). Während Wheeler's Raid vom Oktober 1863 sicherte Baldwin's Co D die Eisenbahn­brücke der Nashville-Chattanooga Railroad über den Sto­nes Rover. Am 5.10.1863 wurden Baldwin's Sicherungen von einer Über­macht von CS-Cavalry angegriffen und ergaben sich nach längerem Artilleriebeschuß (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn’s Brigade, a.a.O., S. 137).

 

Baldwin served with the 19th Michigan, he was captured and imprisoned at Libby Prison in Richmond.

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Steinbach, Robert H.: A Long March: The Lives of Frank and Alice Baldwin (University of Texas: Austin 1989)

 

 

Baldwin, John B.:

CS-Col; 52nd Virginia Infantry; eingesetzt im Oktober 1861 in den Alleghany Mountains, WVa im Rahmen von Robert E. Lee's Army of the Northwest (vgl. OR 5, 899).

 

 

Baldwin, Silas D.:

US-Col; Col 57th Illinois Infantry; das Regiment gehörte im Battle of Shiloh unter Col Baldwin zur 3rd Brigade Col Thomas W. Sweeny 2nd Division W.H.L. Wallace in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 319; Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh, B & L, a.a.O., I, S. 537). Nach der Verwundung von Brigadekommandeur Thomas W. *Sweeny im Battle of Shiloh übernahm Col Baldwin die Führung der 3rd Brigade 2nd Division W.H.L Wallace in Grant's Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh, B & L, a.a.O., I, S. 537)

 

 

Baldwin, William Edwin:

CS-BrigGen; aus South Carolina; Appt.-Mississippi Commissioned Col 14th Mississippi Infantry im Frühjahr 1861; eingesetzt in Zentral-Kentucky (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 40); im Februar 1862 Brigadekommandeur 2nd Brigade Buckner's Division bei Fort Do­nelson (vgl. Grant, US: The Opposing Forces at Fort Donelson; in Battles and Leaders Vol. I S. 429); Baldwin führte den Ausbruchs­versuch am Morgen des 14.2.1862 (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 36); nach seiner Gefangennahme in Fort Donel­son ausgetauscht; versetzt zur Army of West Tennessee; Teilnahme an der Schlacht von Coffeeville am 6.12.1862; BrigGen 19.9.1862; während der Vicksburg Campaign Brigadekommandeur 1st Brigade Division Smith; Teilnahme an den Kämpfen bei Fort Gibson und Championshill, Big Black River und der Belagerung von Vicksburg; bei Vicksburg erneut in Kriegsgefangenschaft; er wurde wieder ausgetauscht und führte eine Brigade im Distrikt von Mobile bis zu seinem Tod am 19.2.1864; gestorben durch einen Unfall, mit einem Fall vom Pferd, nachdem das Saumzeug gebrochen war (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 40).

 

Baldwin's Brigade umfaßte folgende Regimenter (vgl. Grant, US: The Opposing Forces at Fort Donelson; in Battles and Leaders Vol. I S. 429):

- 2nd Kentucky Infantry

- 14th Mississippi Infantry

- 26th Mississippi Infantry

- 26th Tennessee Infantry

- 41st Tennessee Infantry

 

 

Bales, Caleb:

US-Captain; Co D 85th Indiana Infantry (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 102)

 

 

Ball, Charles P.:

CS-++++; im April 1861 als Lt. Artillery eingesetzt unter *Hardee in Fort Morgan, Alabama (vgl. Hughes: Hardee. Old Reliable, a.a.O., S. 72)

 

 

Ballew, Joseph R.:

CS-Captain, F, 26th Regiment North Carolina Infantry; er trat als First Lieutenant in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll2). Ballew resigned im Herbst 1862 (vgl. Clark [ed.]: Histories of the several Regiments and Battalions from North Caroli­na, a.a.O. S. 417)..

 

20.4.1832 - † 12.4.1901, beerd. Green Hills Cemetery, Asheville, Buncombe / NC; auf dem Grabstein wird sein Rang als „Major“ an­gegeben (vgl. findagrave.com).

 

 

Ballier, John F.:

28.8.1815 Aurich - † 3.2.1893 beerd. Mt. Peace Cemetery on Lehigh Avenue in Philadelphia. US-BrigGen; Col 21st Pennsylvania In­fantry und später Col 98th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 480).

 

John F. Ballier was a native of Aurich, Wuertemberg, born on August 28, 1815 and immigrated as a baker to Philadelphia in 1838.   The following year he became a member of the Washington Light Infantry, a crack German military organization composed of three companies, which would go on to serve its new country in pre-war conflicts such as the Native American riots of 1844 and the Mexi­can War of 1846. Throughout these military engagements, Ballier rose swiftly, achieving the rank of Major by the close of the Mexi­can War. In 1861, when President Lincoln called for volunteers to serve for ninety days, the Washington Light Infantry and John Bal­lier responded, forming the nucleus of the Twenty-first Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers for three months of service which saw his promotion to colonel.  At the expiration of their time, Colonel Ballier recruited and organized the Ninety-eighth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers for three years' service.  He led the command in many of the battles of the war, among them Yorktown, Wil­liamsburg, Mechanicsville, Fair Oaks, Malvern Hill, Antietam and Fredericksburg (vgl. http://pacivilwar150.Com/Through People/Immigrants/JohnFBallier).

 

At Mayre's Heights in the Chancellorsville campaign, Colonel Ballier was wounded in the ankle and spent five weeks in the hospital. When recovered he returned to his regiment, commanding it in the battles of Rappahannock Station, Spotsylvania, the Wilderness, Cold Harbor and Petersburg. When Fort Stevens, a defensive bastion on the northern edge of Washington, D.C., was threatened, he was in command of the Second Division of the VI. Corps of the Union Army of the Potomac. Ballier and his men came under the watchful eyes of citizens who rode out in carriages to observe the battle, including President Lincoln. A rifle ball penetrated his thigh during the battle and during his subsequent hospital stay he was seen again by President Lincoln, this time at the foot of his hospital bed on July 12, 1864. Lincoln acknowledged his gallant conduct and the services of his troops, promoting Ballier brevet brigadier-ge­neral of volunteers. The 98th Pennsylvania Volunteers subsequently participated in several other battles, and was present at the sur­render of Lee and his Confederate army (vgl. http://pacivilwar150.Com/ThroughPeople/Immigrants/JohnFBallier).

 

A complete history of the regiment was written by General Ballier for "Bates's History of Pennsylvania in the War." While convales­cing, General Ballier served for 10 months as a member of a court martial in Washington, acting on the cases of Confederate priso­ners. He served on the tribunal that convicted Major Henry Wirz, Confederate commandant of the notorious Andersonville Prison camp and Ballier witnessed his hanging. Soon after he returned to Philadelphia, John Ballier purchased the old hotelproperty at Fourth Street and Fairmount Avenue, which was generally known as the Ballier House. In 1866 he was appointed a day inspector in the U.S. Custom House, resigning in 1867 when he was elected a City Commissioner of Philadelphia, holding that office until 1870. In 1869 he was Colonel of the Third Regiment Pennsylvania National Guard and retained command until 1876. John Ballier lived as a distinguished and decorated American but never discarded his German customs and habits, staying active in German-American ci­vic, philanthropic and social affairs. He was a founding member of the Cannstatter Volkfest Verein, president of the German Society of Philadelphia, and a founding member of the Grand Army veterans' Post #228, named for an old comrade, General John Koltes of Philadelphia, killed in action at the Second Battle of Bull Run (vgl. http://pacivilwar150.Com/ThroughPeople/ Immigrants/JohnFBal­lier).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Ballier, John F.: History of the 98th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment; in: Bates, Samuel Penniman: History of Pennsylva­nia volunteers 1861-65, printed 1871

 

 

Ballou, Charles B.:

US-+++;

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Ballou, Charles B.: Reminiscenses of Charles B. Ballou (Blandinsville / Illinois, 1925; Photocopy at Western Illinois University Li­brary, Macomb / Illinois)

 

 

Ballou, Sullivan:

US-Pvt; +++ Infantry, Burnside's Brigade (2nd New Hampshire, 1st Rhode Island, 2nd Rhode Island, 71st New York) im Battle of Bull Run 1861 (vgl. Davis: Battle of Bull Run, a.a.O., S. 91).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Ballou, Sullivan: Letter; Civil War Letters Collection; Chicago Historical Society; Chicago / Illinois

 

 

Bane, Moses M.:

US-Col; 50th Illinois Infantry; das Regiment gehörte im Battle of Shiloh unter Führung von Col Bane zur 3rd Brigade Col Thomas W. Sweeny 2nd Division W.H.L. Wallace in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 319; Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh, B & L, a.a.O., I, S. 537).

 

 

Banes, Charles H.:

US-Captain; Co. E, 72nd Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 5); später AAG

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Banes, Charles H.: History of the Pennsylvania Brigade (Philadelphia, 1877)

 

 

Bankhead, Henry Cary:

US-BrigGen; Cousin von CS-MajGen John Bankhead *Magruder; Bruder von CS-BrigGen Smith Pyne *Bankhead (vgl. Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 27 Anm. 1)

 

 

Bankhead, Smith Pyne:

CS-BrigGen; 28.8.1823 in Fort Moultrie / SC - 30.5.1867 (ermordet in Memphis / Tennessee); Cousin von CS-MajGen John Bank­head *Magruder; Bruder von US-BrigGen Henry Cary *Bankhead; Studium an der Georgetown University und University of Virgi­nia; im Mexikokrieg Captain der Virginia Militia; anschließend in California, ab 1851 in Memphis / Tennessee; Herausgeber des Memphis Whig; nach dem Verkauf der Zeitung war Bankhead zunächst City Attorney in Memphis, dann Rechtsanwalt; nach Kriegs­ausbruch Captain und Batteriechef in Columbus / Kentucky, New Madrid und Fort Pillow; Batteriechef von Bankhead's Tennessee Battery in 1st Brigade Col Robert M. Russel 1st Division BrigGen Charles Clark I. Army Corps MajGen Leonidas Polk; Major am 1.4.1862; im Battle of Shiloh am 6.4.1862 war Bankhead Chef der Artillery im I. Army Corps MajGen Leonidas Polk; nachfolgend Einsatz im Trans-Mississippi Department unter Magruder; Col 13.11.1862; Chef der Artillery im Department Magruder; im Frühling 1863 Kommandeur der CS-Truppen in San Antonio / Texas, dann Kommandeur im Bezirk Nord-Texas ab 30.5.1863; er blieb erfolg­los und wurde abgelöst; ab 28.12.1863 bis Kriegsende erneut Chief of Artillery im District of Texas (vgl. Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 26).

 

 

Banks, Nathaniel Prentiss Commissary:

US-GenMaj; *1816 Walthlam/MA - † 1894; ein erfolgreicher amerikanischer Selfmade Man; Banks stammte aus einfacher Familie der unteren Mittelklasse, erhielt nur eine einfache Schulausbildung und war anschließend einfacher Hilfsarbeiter in einer Textilfabrik, wo sein Vater Vorarbeiter war; durch Selbststudium und harte Arbeit schaffte er es, sich die Voraussetzung für die Zulassungsprüfung zur Anwaltschaft zu erlangen, bestand die Prüfung und wurde als Anwalt zugelassen; er arbeitete allerdings nicht als Rechtsanwalt, sondern wurde Politiker; er verlor sechsmal die Wahl zum Massachusetts Parlament, schaffte jedoch 1848 bei der siebten Wahl den Einzug als direkt gewählter Abgeordneter; Mitglied der Massachusetts State Legislative; glühender Anhänger der *Free-Soil-Bewe­gung und entschiedener Gegner des Missouri Compromise und der Sklavenhaltung, 1853 Abgeordneter im US House of Representa­tives, wo er sich bald einen solchen Namen machte, daß er nur drei Jahre später, 1856 die Wahl zum Speaker des House of Represen­tatives gewann; 1856 wurde als Kandidat seiner Partei für die US-Präsidentschaft vorgeschlagen, lehnte jedoch ab und kandidierte zum Governor von Massachusetts; 1857 zum Gouv. von Massachusetts gewählt und trat sein Amt 1858 an, das er effizient und er­folgreich ausübte (vgl. Wood, a.a.O., S. 47). 1861 kandidierte Banks nicht erneut, sondern wurde als Nachfolger McClellan's Präsi­dent der Illinois Central Railroad; bei Kriegsausbruch trat er sofort im Mai 1861 in die US-Army ein unter Ernennung zum MajGen und Kommandeur des Departments of Annapolis; Banks spielte eine entscheidende Rolle bei der Verhinderung einer Entscheidung des Massachusetts Congresses zugunsten der Südstaaten; Kriegseinsatz 1st Bull Run, Einsatz bei der Verteidigung Marylands gegen Stonewall Jackson, hierbei eingesetzt zur Unterstützung von Gen *Lander bei der Verteidigung von *Hancock ab 5.1.1862 (vgl. Cha­se: Diary, a.a.O., S. 56). Niederlage im Battle von Front Royal am 23.5.1862 und anschließende Räumung des Shenandoah-Tals vor Jackson's zahlenmäßig überlegenen Truppen; hierbei im Süden berühmt als "Stonewall's Jackson's Commissary", da er durch Über­lassung eines Überflusses von Vorräten die CS-Truppen "bountifully" versorgt hatte (vgl. Worsham, John H.: "One of Jackson's Foot Cavalry; a.a.O., S. 50).

 

Banks's Corps war anschließend Pope's Army of Virginia unterstellt. Er erhielt im Juli 1862 den Befehl, eine Infanteriebrigade und die gesamte Corps-Cavalry gegen Culpeper Court House, Va. (vgl. Karte bei: Symonds, Battle Field Atlas, a.a.O., S. 28) einzusetzen, die Stadt zu erobern und mit seiner Cavalry unter BrigGen John P. *Hatch über den Rapidan gegen Gordonsville vorzugehen, dort die Eisenbahnlinie auf mehreren Meilen zu zerstören, um die Verbindung zwischen dem Shenandoah und Richmond zu unterbrechen (vgl. Stackpole: From Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 29; Stackpole: From Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 32, 35). Pope warf später Banks vor, seine Stärke fehlerhaft angegeben zu haben. Danach hatte Banks eine Stärke von 15000 gemeldet, tatsächlich waren es jedoch 8800 Mann. Pope's Planung vor Cedar Mountain war auf dieser Stärkemeldung aufgebaut (vgl. Stackpole: From Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 36).

 

Banks Verteidigung von Washington, dann Nachfolger des unpopulären Benjamin Butler in New Orleans und erfolgreiche Unterstüt­zung Grant's bei der Öffnung des Mississippi; im Mai 1863 setzte Banks beim Versuch der Erstürmung von Port Hudson farbige ++erstmals im Bürgerkrieg+++ US-Truppen ein; erfolgreiche Belagerung von Port Hudson dessen Übergabe Banks am 9.7.1863 er­zwang. Winter 1863/64 Winterfeldzug in Texas und Angriff gegen Galveston (bis Kriegsende der wichtigste Golfhafen in Rebellen­hand) (Längin, a.a.O., S. 200). Im Frühjahr 1864 Teilnahme an Grant's Red River Expedition, für deren Fehlschlag Grant MajGen Banks verantwortlich machte. Dabei auf Befehl Washingtons zusammen mit Admiral Davis Dixon Porter Angriff auf Shreveport und Niederlage in der Schlacht von Sabine Crossroads am 8.4.1864, am nächsten Tag Battle of Pleasant Hill, in dessen Verlauf sich Banks wegen erheblicher Versorgungsprobleme zurückziehen mußte; nach Ende der Kampagne wird er von den Soldaten hart kritisiert (vgl. Snedeker Diary v. 24.5.1864).

 

Welles (Diary II 18) berichtet am 15.4.1864 von einem vertraulichen Brief Admiral Porter's während der Red River Campaign; beide halten Banks nicht für einen General mit militärischer 'Capacity' und als völlig ungeeignet, für die von ihm inne gehabte Position. Welles sieht in Banks einen Schützling von Seward, der diesen rangmäßig Benjamin Butler überordnete. Welles schildert Banks als einen Demagogen, ungewöhnlich 'smart' und vermutete, Lincoln nehme an, Banks habe Präsidentschaftsabsichten und entsprechende Unterstützung. Nach Welles ist Banks weder ein tauglicher General noch Politiker. Nach Welles (a.a.O.) beurteilt Gen. Halleck Banks ebenfalls als ungeeignet.

 

Einige Monate nach Kriegsende schied Banks ehrenvoll aus der Armee aus; anschließend erneut Politiker, mehrere Legislaturperi­oden Abgeordneter im US-Congress.

 

Banks war nicht so ungeeignet, wie seine Kritiker ihn darstellen wollen, aber er war ohne Frage mehr Politiker als Soldat. Banks war persönlich sehr tapfer und ehrgeizig (vgl. Krick, Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 5).

 

Photo:

- Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 44

- Wood, W. J.: Civil War Generalship, a.a.O., S. 44

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Banks, Nathaniel P.: Papers (Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield / Illinois)

- Encyclopedia of the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 24

- Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., S. 290 ff (Battle of Cedar Mountain)

- **Harrington, Fred Harvey: Fighting Politician: Major General N. P. Banks (Philadelphia, 1948)

- **Wood, W. J.: "Nathaniel Banks and the Advance to Cedar Mountain", in: Wood: Civil War Generalship, a.a.O., S. 43 ff

 

 

Baquet, Camille:

US-1stLt; Co. A, 1st Regiment New Jersey Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M550 Roll 1; hier als 2ndLt genannt); zuvor 2nd Sergeant, Co. I, 16th Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 5).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Baquet, Camille (Lt. Co. A, 1st NJ): History of the First Brigade, New Jersey Volunteers (MacCrellish & Quigley, State Printers, Trenton, 1910) (PDF-Datei, Archiv Ref, ameridownload 'New Jersey Brigade (Kearny) (Baquet)'

 

 

Baquet, Nicholas:

US-Pvt; Co. E, 49th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 6).

 

 

Barber, Alonzo D.:

US-Corporal; Co. I, 55th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. Osborn: Trials and Triumphs. The Record of the Fifty-Fifth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, a.a.O., S. 92).

 

Photo:

Corporal Alonzo B. Barber (vgl. Osborn: Trials and Triumphs. The Record of the Fifty-Fifth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, a.a.O., S. 92)

 

 

Barber, Lucius W.:

US-Sergeant; Co C&D, 15th Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 4).

 

10.5.1839 Java Village, Wyoming County/New York - † 12.3.1872 Riley, McHenry County/Illinois; beerd. Barber Cemetery, Riley, McHenry County/Illinois; Sohn von Humphrey Barber (1806-1874) und Maria Potter Barber (1811-1901) (vgl. www.findagrave. com, Abruf vom 15.10.2016).

 

Barber berichtet von illegalen Forages, darunter Diebstahl von Milch auf einer Farm in Tennessee. Some Illinois Soldiers, worried about inadequate Ration and convinced that fresh milk might relieve their chronic poor health, regularly stole it from ther milk cows of a Tennessee family (vgl. Grimsley: Hard Hand of War, a.a.O., S. 41).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Barber, Lucius W.: Army Memoirs of Lucius W. Barber, Company "D", 15th Illinois Volunteer Infantry, May 24, 1861 to Sept. 30, 1865 (Chicago: The J. M. W. Jones Stationary and Printing Co., 1894)

 

 

Barbour, James:

CS-Major; im Frühjahr 1862 ADC in Ewell's Division (vgl. Pfanz: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 155).

 

 

Barclay, A. Tedford:

CS-1stLt; Co. I, 4th Regiment Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 3).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Barclay, A. Tedford: Ted Barclay, Liberty Hall Volunteers: Letters From the Stonewall Brigade (1861-1864). (Natural Bridge Station, VA: Rockbridge Pub. Co., 1992)

 

 

Barclay, Theodore:

CS-Pvt; 4th Virginia Infantry; im Dezember 1861 Teilnahme an Jackson's Versuch zur Zerstörung von Damm Nr. 5 am Chesapeake & Ohio Canal (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 60 mit Anm. 75). Im Januar 1862 Soldat in Jackson's Headquarter's Guard während Stonewall Jackson's Expedition nach Bath und Romney (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 78).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Barclay, Theodore: Letters: unpublished wartime letters of Theodore Barclay, a member of the 4th Virginia Infantry; scattered dates. Rockbridge Historical Society, Lexington, Va.

 

 

Bard, John P.:

US-Captain; zunächst Sergeant u. 1stLt, Co. K, 13th Regiment, Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry (42nd Volunteers/1st Pennsylvania Rifles) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 5).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bard, John P.: „The 'Old Bucktails,' 42d Regt. P.V. at the Battle of Gettysburg.“ Philadelphia Weekly Times, May 19, 1886

 

 

Bard, Robert:

US-Sgt; 123rd Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. Beardon: Humphreys Pennsylvania Division; in: Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 99).

 

 

Bardeen, Charles W.:

US-Musician; Co. D, 1st Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 2).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bardeen, Charles W.: A Little Fifer's War Diary (Syracuse: C.W. Bardeen, Publisher, 1910).

 

 

Barham, William R.:

CS-First Lieutenant, Hankin's Company, Virginia Light Artillery (Surry Light Artillery) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 3); zunächst First Sergeant, Co. I, 13th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 3); Spratley gehörte zunächst zur Surry Light Artillery, which was organized as infantry and assigned to Co. I, 3rd Regiment Virginia Infantry Anfang August 1861 (vgl. Jo­nes: Under the Stars and Bars: Surry Light Artillery of Virginia, a.a.O., S. 9, 11). Im Frühjahr 1862 war er Orderly Sergeant/First Sergeant der Einheit und wurde zum 3rd Lieutenant gewählt (vgl. Jo­nes: Under the Stars and Bars: Surry Light Artille­ry of Virginia, a.a.O., S. 32, 33).

 

 

Barker, Lorenzo A.:

US-Sgt; Co D. 66th Illinois Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Barker, Lorenzo A. (Sgt, 66th Illinois): With the Western Sharpshooters: The Michigan Boys of Company D, 66th Illinois (Blue Acorn); 192 pp. Reprint of Barker's 1905 original with 40 Added Photos and a newly compiled brief history of the 66th Illinois high­lighted by excerpts from Barker's unpublished wartime diaries. This unit, originally designated the 14th Missouri Infantry and later the 66th Illinois came from the Great Lakes Region, and were famous for using the Henry Repeating Rifle.

 

 

Barksdale, William:

CS-BrigGen; 1821-1863; 21.8.1821 - † 3.7.1863 Gettysburg; Studium an den Universitäten von Nashville und Jura in Columbus / MS; Herausgeber des anti-abolitioni­stischen "Columbus Demokrat"; diente im Mexikanischen Krieg, wo er vom Private zum Captain avancierte; von 1853 bis 1861 Ab­geordneter im US-Congresses; kehrte kurz vor Kriegsbeginn nach Mississippi zurück und wurde Quartermaster-General des Missis­sippi-Army, anschließend als Colonel Kommandeur der 13th Mississippi Infantry (Farwell, Byron: Ball's Bluff - A small Battle and Its Long Shadow, a.a.O., S. 32), mit der 13th Mississippi in 1st Bull Run und Ball's Bluff. BrigGen und Kommandeur der Barkdale’s Brigade während der Schlachten von Antietam (Sharpsburg) und South Mountain , Fredericksburg, wo er die Verzögerungskräfte vor Lee's Front in der Stadt kommandierte. Barksdale's Bri­gade verzögerte den US-Brückenschlag über den Rappahannock gegenüber der Stadt Fredericks­burg (vgl. Foote, Bd. 2, S. 26; Brooks: Marye's Heights, a.a.O., S. 41 ff.; Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., 2: 333), die Barksdale's Brigade, bestehend aus 13th, 17th, 18th und 21st Mississippi Infantry (vgl. Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 170, 578 Anm. 8). Im Battle von Gettysburg wurde Barksdale während Longstreet's Angriff auf den linken US-Flügel am 2.7.1863 (zum Angriff der Brigade Barksda­le vgl. Symonds: Gettysburg. A Battlefield Atlas, a.a.O., S. 56) tödlich verwundet, nachts von Soldaten der 13th Vermont Infantry ge­funden und geborgen, starb jedoch kurz darauf (vgl. Coffin, Nine Months to Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 209).

 

Photo:

- Brooks: Marye's Heights, a.a.O., S. 47

 

 

Barlow, Francis C.:

US-MajGen; October 19, 1834 – † January 11, 1896; was a lawyer, politician, and Union General during the American Civil War. Barlow was born in Brooklyn, New York, the son of a Unitarian minister, but was raised in his mother's home town of Brookline, Massachusetts. He studied law at Harvard University, graduated first in his class, and was practicing law on the staff of the New York Tribune newspaper when the Civil War broke out in 1861 (vgl. wikipedia: Stichwort Francis C. Barlow).

 

In April 1861, Barlow enlisted as a private in the 12th Regiment, New York State Militia, leaving behind his new bride, Arabella Wharton Griffith Barlow, ten years his senior, after one day of marriage. He was commissioned a first lieutenant in his first month of service. His regiment had only a three-month term of enlistment and he mustered out with his men, but soon found a new regiment. By November he was a lieutenant colonel in the 61st New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, and by the time of the Peninsula Cam­paign in the spring of 1862, he became its colonel. Barlow saw his first action at the Battle of Seven Pines as part of the brigade com­manded by Brig. Gen. Oliver O. Howard in the II Corps of the Army of the Potomac. At Glendale, in the Seven Days Battles, his re­giment became separated from the rest of the brigade; and he exercised personal initiative by advancing his men to the sound of the fighting, encountering a Confederate battle line and leading his men in a bayonet charge against it. The enemy fled, and Barlow picked up a fallen Confederate flag. At the Battle of Malvern Hill, Barlow and his men successfully defended the line against repea­ted Confederate assaults (vgl. wikipedia: Stichwort Francis C. Barlow).

 

At the Battle of Antietam, commanding the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps, Barlow's men were in the center of fighting at the in­famous sunken road ("Bloody Lane") and captured about 300 prisoners. He was wounded by an artillery shell in the face and by gra­peshot in the groin. Brig. Gen. John C. Caldwell wrote about Barlow in his official report: „Whatever praise is due to the most distin­guished bravery, the utmost coolness and quickness of perception, the greatest promptitude and skill in handling troops under fire, is justly due to him. It is but simple justice to say that he has proved himself fully equal to every emergency, and I have no doubt that he would discharge the duties of a much higher command with honor to himself and benefit to the country (John C. Caldwell, Official report from the Battle of Antietam).

 

Two days after the battle, Barlow was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers. He was an unusual general, slight of build with a peaceful, boyish face, colorless cheeks without a typical general's beard, and a thin voice. He dressed informally, often wearing a "checked flannel lumberjack shirt" under an unbuttoned uniform coat. One of General George G. Meade's staff officers wrote that he looked "like a highly independent mounted newsboy." But Barlow had a reputation as an aggressive fighter with strong personal con­fidence. Rather than carrying the Army-issued officer sword, he wore a heavy enlisted man's cavalry saber, which he used to whack the backsides of stragglers. (His disdain for stragglers became a personal obsession. His columns on the march would be followed by a company in skirmish line with fixed bayonets to move them along) (vgl. wikipedia: Stichwort Francis C. Barlow).

 

Barlow suffered from his Antietam wound for months, becoming emaciated and suffering from what doctors called an "influence of malaria." Although he was not fully recovered, he returned to the Army in April 1863 and commanded the 2nd Brigade, 2nd Divisi­on, XI Corps, at the Battle of Chancellorsville. There, his corps was subjected to the devastating flank attack of Lt. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson that routed it, but Barlow's brigade had been detached to support the III Corps and thus escaped the humiliation. After the battle, General Howard promoted Barlow to command of the 1st Division, XI Corps, replacing its wounded commander, with orders to restore the fighting qualities of its defeated brigades. Barlow immediately angered his men by arresting the popular Col. Leopold von Gilsa, and they considered him a "petty tyrant." (vgl. wikipedia: Stichwort Francis C. Barlow).

 

In July 1863, Barlow commanded his unhappy division at the Battle of Gettysburg, where he led them to a defensive position on Blo­cher's Knoll, which is now known as Barlow's Knoll. Unfortunately, this slight rise in the terrain was too far forward in comparison to the other XI Corps division, that of Maj. Gen. Carl Schurz; and Barlow's position formed a salient that could be attacked from multiple sides. Maj. Gen. Jubal Early's division overwhelmed Barlow's division, causing serious losses and Barlow himself was wounded and left for dead on the field. He was found and cared for by Confederate Brig. Gen. John B. Gordon, who sent him to a field hospital. According to an account written by Gordon in 1901, he allowed Barlow's wife Arabella to enter the Confederate camp to tend to her wounded husband, but this account is deemed apocryphal. The popular story continued that Gordon presumed Barlow had died and that both men met years later, being very surprised each was still alive. An examination of Barlow's subsequent war re­cord makes this story very unlikely (vgl. wikipedia: Stichwort Francis C. Barlow).

 

Die Division Early aus Ewell's CS-Corps griff am 1.7.1863 aus nordwestlicher Richtung nach Süden entlang der Harrisburg Road an. Early had planned a cannonade as preparation of an attack on the extreme right flank of the Union line (gehalten von Howard's XI Corps). Diese führte zu einem heavy cross fire with twelve guns on Howard's battle line. Gordon's Brigade was in the lead of Early's Angriff, geführt zur Unterstützung der voraus geworfenen Brigade Doles, deren Skirmishers von den US-Truppen geworfen worden waren, worauf sich Doles' Brigade zum Rückzug gezwungen sah. Bei der Annäherung an die US-Linien stellte Gordon fest, daß the right flank of the forces attacking Doles was protected by what proved to be von Gilsa's First Brigade of Barlow's Division, 1300 strong. It occupied the crest of a wooden knoll northwest of the road and curled around its lower edges (vgl. Coddington: Gettysburg Campaign, a.a.O., S. 291). Since then, the battle spot has been called 'Barlow's Knoll'. Nowadays no longer wooded, it is easily seen from the Heidlersburg (Harrisburg) Road about a mile north of the center of town (vgl. Coddington: Gettysburg Campaign, a.a.O., S. 697 n27).

 

Hierzu heißt es bei http://www.historynet.com/general-barlow-and-general-gordon-meet-on-blochers-knoll.htm:

What happened to Francis Barlow in the next hour as his division fled and the Confederates came upon him became the subject of one of the great romantic legends of the Civil War. The story of his presumed experiences was cited as evidence of mutual respect and comradeship across the battle lines and was pressed into the cause of national reconciliation after Reconstruction. The first pu­blished version of the story, which probably originated with General Gordon, was in print in a Georgia newspaper by 1879. Over time, the account was elaborated with extended dialogue and detail. The basic story, as printed in 1879, went that as Barlow’s divisi­on withdrew toward Culp’s Hill, Gordon rode forward with his men and spied Barlow lying on the ground badly wounded. Gordon stopped, dismounted and gave Barlow a drink from his canteen.

 

The Confederate then inquired Barlow’s name and, assuming he would not survive, asked if he had any final requests. ‘I shall probab­ly live but a short time,’ the badly wounded Yankee replied. ‘Please take from my breast pocket the packet of my wife’s letters and read one of them to me.’ Gordon complied, after which Barlow asked that he destroy the letters, as he did not want them to fall into anyone else’s hands. Gordon tore up the missives and inquired if there was anything else he could do for his grievously stricken enemy. Barlow replied affirmatively. ‘My wife is behind our army,’ he explained. ‘Can you send a message through the lines?’ ‘Cer­tainly I will,’ Gordon replied, and directed that Barlow be carried off to the shade of a tree in the rear.

 

Later in the day Gordon succeeded in getting word to the Army of the Potomac that Barlow was badly wounded and asked that his wife be informed. Despite all professional prognostications, Barlow recovered from his wound and went on to play a major role in the ferocious fighting of Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s Overland campaign and the siege of Petersburg in 1864. The story then proceeds to a heartwarming conclusion. According to the popular account, Gordon simply assumed Barlow had died. Barlow later heard that a General Gordon had died and was certain this was his Gettysburg Samaritan, though it was actually Gordon’s cousin, Brig. Gen. Ja­mes B. Gordon, who was killed at Meadow Bridge, Va. The story of the Barlow-Gordon encounter ended with the unexpected mee­ting of the two former opponents at a dinner party hosted by Democratic Congressman Clarkson N. Potter in 1879. Upon being intro­duced to each other, Gordon said (here again, the exchange became more elaborate in later versions), ‘General Barlow, are you rela­ted to the officer of your name who was killed at Gettysburg?’ ‘I am the man,’ Barlow replied. ‘Are you related to the Gordon who is supposed to have killed me?’ ‘I am the man,’ Gordon said. The two officers expressed mutual surprise and fell into hearty conversati­on, beginning a friendship that would endure until Barlow’s death in 1896.

 

The Gordon-Barlow story appealed to late Victorian sentimentality and the prevailing desire to heal the wounds of the war. It was fre­quently reprinted and became even more elaborate in some later accounts. A rendition with extended chivalric dialogue appeared in McClure’s Magazine in the 1880s. That version was reprinted in Campfire and Battlefield, a popular history published in 1894. Yet another variant appeared in James A. Scrymser’s 1915 book In Times of Peace and War, in which both Early and Gordon discover Barlow lying on the battlefield. In that account, Gordon asked whether something should be done for him, to which Early responded, ‘No, he is too far gone.’ On hearing this, Barlow raised himself up, somehow recognized the Confederate division commander, and shaking his fist vowed, ‘General Early I will live to lick you yet, damn you.’ This alleged exchange was repeated in the volume New York State issued in 1923 to commemorate the unveiling of a statue of Barlow on what had been renamed from Blocher’s to Barlow’s Knoll.

 

But it was the tender encounter between Gordon and Barlow that continued to evoke the most interest. The exchange was accepted and repeated, apparently without contradiction or challenge into the 1970s. James Montgomery’s The Shaping of a Battle: Gettys­burg (1959) recounted the battlefield meeting, including all the sentimental Victorian dialogue. Ezra Warner’s Generals in Blue (1964) contains a brief mention of the story.

 

In 1985 William F. Hanna challenged the accepted truth about Barlow’s fate at Gettysburg in his article ‘A Gettysburg Myth Explo­ded’ that appeared in Civil War Times Illustrated. Hanna charged that no such meeting had occurred, and made a strong case to sup­port his thesis. Since that time, it has become common to consign the Barlow-Gordon encounter to the category of fable“.

 

As the Confederates retreated from Gettysburg on July 4, Barlow was left behind and recovered by Federal forces. He was hospitali­zed for a lengthy period and could not return to the Army until April 1864, just in time for Lt. Gen.Ulysses S. Grant's Overland Campaign. He commanded the 1st Division of Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock's II Corps, at the Battle of the Wilderness. At Spotsylvania Court House, his division incorporated shock tactics developed by Col. Emory Upton to quickly assault the rebel ent­renchments in the "Mule Shoe", effecting a breakthrough that could be exploited by reinforcements. Hand-to-hand fighting ensued for 21 hours, the longest hand-to-hand combat in the entire war, before Barlow's division finally broke through. On December 12, 1864, President Abraham Lincoln nominated Barlow for the award of the brevet grade of major general, to rank from August 1, 1864, for his leadership at the Battle of Spotsylvania, and the U.S. Senate confirmed the award on February 14, 1865.[5]He fought at the Battle of Cold Harbor and the Siege of Petersburg in the same command. At Petersburg, Barlow took another sick leave in July, but he returned to the army on April 6, 1865. He took command the 2nd Division, II Corps during the Appomattox Campaign in time for the Battle of Sayler's Creek. Barlow was appointed major general of volunteers on May 26, 1865, to rank from May 25, 1865, but the promotion was not confirmed by the U.S. Senate until February 23, 1866, after the war was over and Barlow had resigned from the army (vgl. wikipedia: Stichwort Francis C. Barlow).

 

Barlow was one of only a few men who entered the Civil War as enlisted men and ended it as general.

 

Arabella Barlow, serving as an Army nurse, died of typhus on July 27, 1864, while Francis was battling in the Overland Campaign. After the war, he married Ellen Shaw, sister of Col. Robert Gould Shaw. Leaving the army on November 16, 1865, Barlow served as a United States Marshal and the New York Secretary of State and New York State Attorney General, prosecuting the Boss Tweed ring, before he returned to his law practice. As U.S. Marshal for the Southern District of New York, during May–July 1869 Barlow prosecuted Cuban independence rebels for violating the Neutrality Act and disbanded the filibuster expeditions on the Pe­ritQuaker City, and Whitingsteamers. He was a founder of the American Bar Association. He was active in Republican politics and investigated the 1876 presidential election, the Hayes-Tilden election, for irregularities. Barlow died of Bright's disease in New York City on January 11, 1896. He was buried in Walnut Street Cemetery in Brookline, Massachusetts (vgl. wikipedia: Stichwort Francis C. Barlow).

 

Photo:

Francis C. Barlow (vgl. Library of Congress)

 

 

Barlow, F. C.:

demokratischer Politiker aus New York; Wahlkampfmanager 1864 von George McClellan 1864

 

 

Barlow, Samuel L. M.:

US-Politiker, Demokratische Partei, Lawyer aus New York, Railroad Executive (vgl. McClellan: Civil War Papers, S. 3). Barlow, konservativer Demokrat, war einer der entschiedensten Verfechter der Überzeugung, daß nur Kooperation mit dem Süden zum Erfolg führen werden (vgl. Nevins: The Improvised War, a.a.O., S. 24).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Barlow, Samuel L. M.: Barlow Papers (Huntington Library, Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War)

 

 

Barnard, John Gross:

US-MajGen; 19.5.1815 - † 14.5.1882

 

während der 1st Manassas Campaign im Juli 1861 war Major Barnard Engineer im Stab von McDowell's Army of the Potomac (vgl. Davis: Battle of Bull Run, a.a.O., S. 101). BrigGen 21.12.1861;

 

John Gross Barnard (May 19, 1815 – May 14, 1882) was a career engineering officer in the U.S. Army, serving in the Mexican-American War, as the Superintendent of the United States Military Academy and as a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He served as Chief Engineer of the Army of the Potomac, 1861 to 1862, Chief Engineer of the Depart­ment of Washington from 1861 to 1864, and as Chief Engineer of the armies in the field from 1864 to 1865. He also was a distin­guished scientist, engineer, mathematician, historian and author (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_G._Barnard).

 

John G. Barnard was born into a large and gifted family in Sheffield, Massachusetts. His brother, Frederick Augustus Porter Bar­nard was a longtime educator and president of Columbia University and namesake of Barnard College in New York City. Both John and Frederick, as well as most members of their family, suffered from a hereditary form of deafness which intensified in later years. In early life, when stationed in New Orleans, Barnard married Jane Elizabeth Brand, of Maryland, with whom he had four children. In 1860, he married Anna E. Hall of Harford County, Maryland, with whom he had three children (vgl. https://en. Wikipe­dia.org/wiki/John_G._Barnard).

 

In 1833, at the age of 18, Barnard graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, second in a class of forty-three cadets. As one of the top graduates of his class, he was posted as a Second Lieutenant in the United States Army Corps of Engineers, embarking on a 48-year career in that branch. Barnard's first assignment after being commissioned was as an assistant to Colonel Joseph G. Totten in constructing Fort Adams in Newport, Rhode Island from 1833 to 1834. Totten was the foremost Ameri­can military engineer of his day and served as Chief Engineer of the Army for much of Barnard's career. There two formed a close friendship as evidenced by Barnard's extensive eulogy of Totten which was published in 1866 (vgl. https://en. Wikipedia.org/wiki/ John_G._Barnard).

 

Throughout his career, Barnard served on many garrison and fortification details, most notably participating in the construction of coastal defenses at Fort Columbus/Fort JayFort Hamilton and Fort Wadsworth in New York City, New Orleans,  Pensacola, Mobi­le, Fort Livingston/Louisiana, Fort Jackson/Louisiana, Fort St. Philip/Louisiana and on the Pacific Coast at San Francisco. During the Mexican-American War, he headed the construction of American defenses at the captured Mexican port of Tampico, ensuring that city's safety as a vital supply line for American forces advancing on Mexico City. He also worked on the survey of Mexican-Ameri­can War battlefields. and as Chief Engineer for the Exploration and Survey of the projected Tehuantepec Railroad in Mexico, in 1850–1851. From May 31, 1855 through September 8, 1856, Barnard served as the Superintendent of the United States Military Aca­demy, succeeding Robert E. Lee. He then returned to work on coastal defenses, especially in the New York and New Jersey area. Du­ring a leave of absence, he studied construction projects in Europe

 

Soon after the outbreak of the Civil War, U.S. Army commander Major General and Brevet Lieutenant General Winfield Scott, bea­ring in mind Barnard's success at defending his Tampico-based supply lines during the Mexican-American War, assigned then Major Barnard to the Department of Washington. This was the Union Army unit in charge of defending Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. On April 28, 1861, Colonel Joseph K. Mansfield, the department commander, a former engineer himself, attached Bar­nard to his headquarters as chief engineer. When the Union Army moved into Northern Virginia on May 24, 1861, Barnard oversaw the erection of fortifications on the Arlington hills. He also accompanied the Army to Manassas in July 1861 and was present at the Union defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas). Between June 1861 and September 1861, Barnard also served on the U.S. Navy's Blockade Strategy Board. Major General George B. McClellan assumed command of the Military Division of the Potomac, the troops around Washington, D.C. on July 23, 1861. On August 15, 1861, McClellan was appointed to the command of the Army and Department of the Potomac, and Barnard became chief engineer of the Military District of Washington. As McClellan formulated his thoughts for fortifications around Washington, D.C., Barnard planned, designed and oversaw their construction (vgl. https://en. Wikipedia.org/wiki/ John_G._Barnard).

 

On September 23, 1861, President Abraham Lincoln appointed Barnard to the grade of brigadier generalU.S. Volunteers, to rank from September 23, 1861. Lincoln formally nominated Barnard as brigadier general on December 21, 1861 and the U.S. Senate con­firmed the promotion on March 24, 1862. Barnard was Engineer for the Army of the Potomac between August 20, 1861 and August 16, 1862. He participated in the Peninsula Campaign and directed the siege works at Yorktown, Virginia of offensive and defensive works on the Chickahominy River. On the march to Harrison's Landing on the James River, he reconnoitered and selected positions for the Battle of Gaines Mill, the passage of White Oak Swamp and the Battle of Malvern Hill. After the conclusion of his work in that campaign, he again was engaged in working on the defenses of Washington as chief engineer of the Department of Washington until May 1864. He had certain additional special assignments such as devising the defenses of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania during this period. Upon the death of the Chief of the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, Brigadier General Joseph Totten, on April 22, 1864, Presi­dent Lincoln nominated Barnard to be the next Chief of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineer at the grade of brigadier general, U.S. Army, but Barnard immediately asked that the nomination be withdrawn. Barnard was Engineer XXII Corps, Department of Wa­shington, between February 2, 1863 and May 25, 1864. Between May 25, 1864 and June 5, 1864, he was Chief Engineer for the Army of the Potomac. He was on the staff of General Ulysses S. Grant in the Overland Campaign between June 5, 1864 and July 4, 1864. On July 4, 1864, President Lincoln nominated and the U. S. Senate confirmed the award to General Barnard of the honorary rank of brevet major generalU.S. Volunteers, to rank from July 4, 1864 for "Meritorious and Distinguished Services during the Re­bellion." Barnard was appointed Chief Engineer of the armies in the field with his appointment to General Grant's staff. He remained in this position during the Siege of Petersburg, including the capture of Fort Harrison, the Battle of Hatcher's Run and the final assault on Petersburg, until the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox, Virginia on April 9, 1865. General Bar­nard served in the honor guard for President Lincoln's funeral in April 1865.[13] He was mustered out of the U.S. Volunteers on Ja­nuary 15, 1866 (vgl. https://en. Wikipedia.org/wiki/ John_G._Barnard).

 

On April 10, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated and on May 4, 1866 the U.S. Senate confirmed the award to Barnard of the honorary grade of brevet brigadier general, USA, (Regular Army) to rank from March 13, 1865 for "Gallant and Meritorious Service in the Campaign terminating with the Surrender of the Insurgent Army under Gen. R. E. Lee."[24] On July 17, 1866, President John­son nominated and on July 23, 1866 the U.S. Senate confirmed the award to Barnard of the honorary grade of brevet major general, USA, to rank from March 13, 1865 "for Gallant and Meritorious Services in the Field during the Rebellion." (vgl. https://en. Wikipe­dia.org/wiki/ John_G._Barnard).

 

Barnard was promoted to colonel in the Regular Army on December 28, 1865 and continued his career in the Army Corps of Engi­neers until January 1881 vgl. https://en. Wikipedia.org/wiki/ John_G._Barnard).

 

Photo:

MajGen John G. Barnard (vgl. Brady National Photographic Art Gallery, Washington, D.C.; Library of the Congress)

 

Documents/Literatur:

- Barnard, John Gross: Papers; Duke University, Special Collections Library, Durham, NC

 

 

Barnard, John M.:

US-Sergeant; Co. A, 72nd Regiment Indiana Mounted Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 4; vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 350).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Barnard, John M.: Letters (Indiana Historical Society, Springfield / Indiana)

 

 

Barnes, Henry M.:

US-Pvt; Co D 34th Illinois Infantry; Bruder von Melzar M. *Barnes; Henry M. Barnes died of disease at Ackworth, Georgia, on June 24, 1864.

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Hutcheson, Roy G.: Diary, 1837, 1845, and letters, 1864-1865; 14 items. The collection also includes a letter from Private Henry M. Barnes dated March 12, 1864, at Chattanooga, Tennessee (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990)

 

 

Barnes, J. H.:

US-Col, während Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 1863 war Barnes Col 39th Massachusetts Infantry, 3rd Brigade Christ, 2nd Division Edward Ferrero, IX. Army Corps Parke (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, vol. III, S. 1146).

 

 

Barnes, James:

US-MajGen; 28.12.1801 - † 12.2.1869; Barnes was born in Boston, Massachusetts. He attended the Boston Latin School and gradua­ted from the USMA in 1829, in the same class as Robert E. Lee. However, at age 28 he was older than most West Point cadets upon completion, and placed fifth out of 46 cadets. He was then commissioned a brevet second lieutenant in the 4th U.S. Artillery, but spent most of his army service as an instructor of tactics and French at the Academy (vgl. wikipedia, Stichwort James Barnes, Abruf vom 5.5.2016).

 

Barnes married Charlotte Adams Sanford in 1832 (sister of John F. A. Sanford). After the birth of his second son, John Sanford Bar­nes, he resigned his commission on July 31, 1836, to become a railroad civil engineer and by 1839 he was superintendent of the Wes­tern Railroad, a job he would hold for 22 years (vgl. wikipedia, Stichwort James Barnes, Abruf vom 5.5.2016).

 

On July 26, 1861, Barnes was commissioned a colonel in the 18th Massachusetts Infantry. He and his regiment joined the Army of the Potomac during the Peninsula Campaign, but saw no combat. During the Seven Days Battles the 18th was assigned to guard duty in the rear, and again Barnes saw no combat. His brigade commander, Brig. Gen. John Martindale, was relieved of command after the Battle of Malvern Hill and Barnes became the new commander of the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps on July 10, 1862. For rea­sons unrecorded, Barnes was not present with his brigade at the Second Battle of Bull Run and although the V Corps marched to the Battle of Antietam, it was left in reserve and once again saw no action. However, during Lee's retreat back to Virginia, Barnes saw his first combat when his brigade was attacked by the rearguard of the Confederate Army, resulting in over 200 men shot or drowned in the Potomac River and over 100 more captured (vgl. wikipedia, Stichwort James Barnes, Abruf vom 5.5.2016).

 

At the Battle of Fredericksburg in December, Barnes distinguished himself for the first time, leading his brigade in one of the final assaults against Confederate positions on Marye's Heights. His division commander wrote after the battle, "James Barnes ... is entit­led to special notice for his coolness, energy, and marked ability." On April 4, 1863, Barnes was promoted to brigadier general, U.S. Volunteers, with date of rank established as November 29, 1862. At the Battle of Chancellorsville in May, Barnes' brigade was not heavily engaged. Late in the battle, his division commander, Brig. Gen. Charles Griffin, fell ill and Barnes assumed command of the 1st Division on May 5, 1863 (vgl. wikipedia, Stichwort James Barnes, Abruf vom 5.5.2016).

 

Zu Beginn der Gettysburg Campaign 1863 Barnes' division camped at Union Mills, Maryland, on its way to Pennsylvania, where the Battle of Gettysburg would turn out to be the most significant action in his career. The new division commander, now 61 years old (older than any other Union gene­ral present except Brig. Gen. George S. Greene), arrived early on the morning of the second day, July 2, 1863, with the rest of the V Corps. During the massive Confederate assault on the Union left flank that afternoon, one of Barnes' brigades, under Col. Strong Vin­cent, was diverted to defend the flank at Little Round Top. The brigade performed magnificently, but Barnes had essentielly nothing to do with its actions or the decision to send it there (vgl. wikipedia, Stichwort James Barnes, Abruf vom 5.5.2016). Barnes' placed his two brigades, during a lull in the fighting in line on a stony hill west of the Wheatfield, about 5:30 p.m. Almost immediately another Rebel assault hit this portion of the Federal line. Vincent's brigade of Barnes's division reached Little Round Top about five o'clock and was immediately assailed by portions of Law's and Robertson's brigades (vgl. Sauers: Gettysburg: The Meade-Sickles Controversy, a.a.O., S. 172n35).

 

Barnes did get personally involved with his other two brigades, who were sent to reinforce the Union line in the Wheatfield, and here his career took a fatal downward turn. He was criticized after the battle for withdrawing his two brigades under Colonels Jacob B. Sweitzer and William S. Tilton 300 yards back from the Wheatfield without permission, despite protests from the generals on his flanks. When reinforcements from the II Corps arrived, Maj. Gen. David B. Birney gave orders for Barnes' men to lie down while the brigade of Brig. Gen. Samuel K. Zook marched over them. Sweitzer's brigade was sent into the Wheatfield, where it was attacked in the flank by another Confederate charge led by Brig. Gen. William T. Wofford. Aides could not find Barnes in the vicinity of his troops. Later that day, Barnes was wounded in the leg and although it healed, he would never return to combat duty (vgl. wikipedia, Stichwort James Barnes, Abruf vom 5.5.2016).

 

After recovering from his wound, Barnes spent the remainder of the war on garrison duty in Virginia and Maryland. This included commanding the District of St. Mary's, Maryland, which contained the prisoner-of-war camp at Point Lookout, Maryland, in the Middle Department. He was mustered out of the volunteer service on January 15, 1866. On January 13, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated and on March 12, 1866 the U.S. Senate confirmed the award to Brigadier General Barnes of the honorary grade of brevet major general, U.S. Volunteers, to rank from March 13, 1865 (vgl. wikipedia, Stichwort James Barnes, Abruf vom 5.5. 2016).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Barnes, James: Papers. New York Historical Society, New York

- **Barnes, James: „The Battle of Gettysburg,“ New York Herald, March 21, 1864

- **Historicus: „The Battle of Gettysburg. Historicus in Reply to General Barnes and the Staff Officers of the Second and Fifth Corps. The Evidence Before the Committee on the Conduct of the War, &c., New York Herald, April 4, 1864

 

 

Barnes, James A.:

US-Pvt; Co. H, 86th Regiment Indiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 4).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Barnes, James, et. al.: The 86th Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry (Crawfordville / Indiana, 1895)

 

 

Barnes, James William:

CS-BrigGen (Texas State Troops); ++++ (vgl. Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 27)

 

Photo:

- Allardice, a.a.O., S. 27

 

 

Barnes, Joseph K.:

++General

 

 

Barnes, Melzar E.:

US-Pvt; Co D 34th Illinois Infantry; a musician serving in Company D, Thirty-fourth Illinois Infantry; Barnes's letters were sent from different locations in Tennessee, Georgia, and North Carolina while he accompanied forces under Lieutenant General William T. Sherman on his famous "march to the sea.". Bruder von Henry M. *Barnes

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Hutcheson, Roy G.: Diary, 1837, 1845, and letters, 1864-1865; 14 items. Nine letters in this collection, dated from April 28, 1864, to April 22, 1865, were written by Private Melzar E. *Barnes (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990)

 

 

Barnes, Myron S.:

US-LtCol, geboren 1824; enlisted in Rock Island am 1.8.1861 als LtCol; Verstärkung von Osterhaus 1st Division bei Oberson‘s Field eingesetzt (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 121 mit Karte S. 108). Beförderung zum Col am 9.6.1862; Court Martial u.a. we­gen Befehlsverweigerung und entlassen 20.11.1862.

 

 

Barnett, Joseph Hampton:

CS-Pvt; ?-1922; 4th Virginia Infantry; Träger des Southern Cross of Honor

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Barnett, Joseph Hampton (?-1922): Medals, 1899-1916, n.d. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate soldier of the 4th Virginia Regiment. Collection contains the Southern Cross of Honor, reunion medals from Florida and Richmond, Virginia, and ribbons from the Grand Camps Confederate Veterans of Virginia reunions (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide - Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms79 - 001)

 

 

Barnitz, Albert:

US-Major; Co. F&S, 2nd Regiment Ohio Cavalry; er trat als Sergeant in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 5).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Barnitz, Albert: Letters, diaries, and journals: 1857 – 1871 Papers relating to Albert's frontier and military life; Fort Leavenworth, Wallace, Larned, Harker, and Hays in KS; Kansas Indians; border troubles; military expeditions against the Indians; the Army of the Potomac; and Jennie's domestic and military life in KS and Ohio (Kansas Historical Society, Topeka/Kansas, MS 1021-1023

 

 

Barnhill, Griffith W.:

CS-Pvt, Co. C, 1st Regiment North Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 2); volunteered in January 30 1862 to fight on the Confederate side during the Civil War, serving with Company C, 1st Regiment of North Carolina State Troops known as the "Lillington Rifle Guards". Griffith was shot in Goldsboro, North Carolina, April 3, 1862 and died 5.4.1862 (vgl. http:// nccivil­war. lostsoulsgenealogy.com).

 

Geb. 1822 Bladen County / NC - † 5.4.1863 Goldsboro; Sohn von Alexander Barnhill und Darkis Philipps Barnhill; °° I Ella Jane Pridgen († vor Mai 1853); aus der Ehe stammen 2 Töchter und der Sohn Calvon (1851 - † err. 1863 im Alter von 12 J.); °° II Mai 1853 mit Eliza Jane Henry; aus der ehe stammen ¾ Kinder (widersprüchliche Angaben bei www.findagrave.com). Griffith was bu­ried in a small family cemetery, outside of the town of Atkinson on private farm land. His wife, Eliza Jane Henry Barnhill, their daughter Melissa Jane Barnhill and her husband Hanson M. Woodcock. The headstones were removed and are currently located in the Woodcock Cemetery located off Beatty's Bridge Road (www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Barnum, Henry A.:

US-++General;

 

 

Barnwell, Robert Woodward:

CS-Politiker of South Carolina; 1801-82; a graduate of Harvard, anschließend Präsident des South Carolina College (Ruffin Diary II S. 229 Anm. 13); twice a member of Congress (1829-33) and afterward (1850) United States Senator. 1860 nach der Sezessionserklä­rung von South Carolina war Barnwell einer der Commissioners, die mit Washington verhandelten wegen des US-Staats-Eigentums in South Carolina. Delegierter von South Carolina auf der Provisional Convention der pro-sezessionistischen Staaten, die im Februar 1861 in Montgomery / Alabama stattfand (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 45, 48). Barnwell war Mitglied der CS-Verhandlungsdelegation über Fort Sumter mit Washington im Frühjahr 1861 (vgl. Crawford, Samuel Wylie: "The First Shot against the Flag"; in: Annals of the War, a.a.O., S. 320). Barnwell war Abgeordneter der Convention of Montgomery und gab die entschei­dende Stimme bei der Wahl von Jefferson Davis zum CS-Präsidenten gegen *Toombs ab (in der Abstimmung gegen Robert *Toombs) (vgl. Chestnut, Diary from Dixie, a.a.O., S. 10; 47). Von 1862-65 Mitglied des CS-Senats. 23423423423423

 

 

Cousin von Robert Barnwell Rhett Sr. (vgl. Davis: Government of our Own, a.a.O., S. 12).

 

 

Barnwell, Robert W. jun.:

Neffe des CS-Politiker Robert W. Barnwell; Chaplain und Professor der Theologie und Moral-Philosophie am South Carolina Colle­ge; während des Krieges leistete Barnwell wertvolle Dienste beim Aufbau von Krankenhäusern in Virginia; gestorben im Dezember 1863 an typhoid fever (vgl. Ruffin Diary II 64 Anm. 6).

 

 

Barr, George W.:

US-Pvt, Co. C, 1st Iowa Cavalry (Aufschrift auf seinem Grabstein auf dem North Sixth Street Cemetery, Burlington, Des Moines County / Iowa [vgl. Photo bei www.findagrave.com]).

 

1842 Pennsylvania - † 29.8.1929 Sacramento /CA; beerd. North Sixth Street Cemetery, Burlington, Des Moines County / Iowa (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Sein Military Record lautet: Barr, George. Age 19. Residence Kossuth, Iowa, Nativity Pennsylvania. Enlisted 14.7.1861. Mustered 31.7.1861. Mustered out 9.9.1864, Dawenport/Iowa, expiration of 3 year term of service (vgl. www.findagrave.com; vgl. Roster and Record of Iowa Soldiers in the War of the Rebellion , vol. 4, 1st-9th Regiments Cavalry, a.a.O., S. 31).

 

 

Barré, +++:

 

US-Captain; +++klären+++ (vgl. Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 26 iVm. S. 226n50).

 

nach tödlicher Verwundung in Gettysburg 1./3.7.1863. Captain John Ames schreibt über seinen Tod. „I sent to bid good bye to Capt. Barré of our Regiment, but he was unsconcious, and he died half an hour after I saw him.“ Barré lived near family freinds, and had a wife and two children. Soldiers knew him for a beautiful singing voicde. Balls shattered his leg and arm and two more lodged near his spine. For a moment, he awoke and sang, „I wish I were a child, again, just for tonight“ (vgl. Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 26).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- Ames, John: Papers, USMHI

 

 

Barrett, Edwin S.:

US-Assistant Surgeon; Co. G. 5th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (3 months, 1861) (Militia) Anm.: Barrett ist bei National Park Soldiers in der Regimentsliste nicht genannt; er selbst (vgl. Barret: What I Saw., a.a.O., S. 6) bezieht sich auf den verstorbenen Captain George L. Prescott, der Kompaniechef der Co. G, 5th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (3 months, 1861) (Militia) war. Der Rang Barrett ergibt aus S. 12 wo er seine Musterung als Assistant Surgeon schildert.

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Barrett, Edwin S. (Assistant Surgeon; Co. G. 5th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry [3 months], 1861) [Militia]): What I Saw at Bull Run. An Adress by Edwin S. Barrett delivered in the Town Hall, Concord Mass., July 21st 1886, on the 25th Anniversary of the Battle of Bull Run at the Reunion of the Veterans of Co. G (Concord Artillery) Fifth Regiment M.V.M. Captain George L. Prescott (Boston 1886)

 

 

Barrett, Orvey S.:

US-2nd Lieutenant, Co. B, 4th Regiment Michigan Infantry (1st Organisation); Barrett trat als Fifth Sergeant in der Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Service M545 Roll 2).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Barrett, Orvey S.: Reminiscenses, Incidents, Battles, Marches and Camp Life of the Old 4th Michigan Infantry in the War of the Re­bellion, 1861-1864 (Detroit: W. S. Ostler, 1888)

 

 

Barrett, Richard J.:

CS-Major, aus St. Louis; Bekannter Grant's aus dessen Vorkriegszeit in St. Louis; gefangengenommen von Nathaniel *Lyon beim Angriff auf *Camp Jackson / Mo.; ausgetauscht im September 1861; hierbei hielt er sich vorübergehend in Grant's Hauptquartier in Cairo auf, wo er von Grant begrüßt wurde. Barrett erfuhr bei diesem Aufenthalt von einem unmittelbar bevorstehenden Truppenbe­such Grant's in Cape Girardeau. Am nächsten Tag wurde ein US-Schiff nahe Cairo von CS-Truppen Barrett aufgebracht, und nach Grant durchsucht (Grant, Memoirs, S. 142).

 

 

Barrett, Samuel E.:

US-Captain; † 1912; Batteriechef Battery B 1st Illinois Light Artillery; die Battery gehörte im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh zur Divisionsartillerie in 5th Division BrigGen William T. Sherman; am Morgen des 6.4.1862 eingesetzt gegen den CS-Durchbruch durch Sherman’s Front (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 160) westlich der Pittsburg-Corinth Road (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., Karte S. 146). Hierbei schlug die Battery durch schwerem Canisterbeschuß den Angriff der 5th Tennessee Infantry zurück (vgl. Daniel: Shi­loh, a.a.O., S. 163 mit Karte S. 165). Nach dem Zusammenbruch der 3rd Brigade Hildebrand 5th Division Sherman mußte sich auch Barrett's Battery zurückziehen (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 171). Gegen 11:30 wurde Barrett's Battery von US-Artilleriechef Col Ezra Taylor in einem Artillerieschwerpunkt, der neun Geschütze umfaßte, im südlichen Teil von Jones Field gegen den bevorstehen­den CS-Durchbruch auf der rechten US-Front eingesetzt. Es kam zu einem Artillerieduell mit der CS-Artillery im nördlichen Woolf Field bestehend aus Cobb's Kentucky Battery sechs Geschützen und dem verbliebenen Geschütz von Polk's Battery. Nachdem sich die US-Artillery schließlich gegen 12:00 verschossen hatte, mußte sie zurückgenommen werden (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 186-188 mit Karte S. 187).

 

In der Nachkriegszeit war Barrett ein erfolgreicher Geschäftsmann (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 355n18).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Mollus / Illinois Commandary vol. 13D (1923), S. 91-94: "Samuel Eddy Barrett"

 

 

Barri, T.:

US-Captain; im Oktober 1862 Musterungsoffizier in Camp Douglas, Illinois (vgl. Dunbar: 93rd Indiana Infantry, a.a.O., S. 6).

 

 

Barron, Samuel:

US-Navy-Captain; am 1.++++.1861 auf Befehl Lincoln's als Chief Detail Officer und Kommandeur in Pensacola eingesetzt. Barron stammte aus Virginia, seine Familie war mit der Familie von George E. Pickett befreundet (vgl. Longacre: Pickett, a.a.O., S. 53). Lin­coln ordnete am 1.4.1861 an, daß Barron anstelle von Kapitän Stringham das Bureau of Detail im Marineministerium übernehmen sollte, das mit der Planung zur Verstärkung von Fort Sumter beauftragt war (abgedruckt bei Welles, Diary I S. 17). Die Anweisung war vom Verteidigungsminister Seward vorbereitet (von Army-Captain Meigs von handgeschrieben, das Postscript stammte von Navy Lt. David D. Porter) und von Lincoln ungelesen unterschrieben worden (vgl. Welles, Diary I S. 17/18). Hintergrund der Anord­nung war ein Plan Seward's, durch einen Konflikt mit dem Ausland das Nationalgefühl zu stärken, um hierdurch die Sezession zu be­enden. Hierzu sollten die US-Kräfte bei Fort Pickens verstärkt werden. Dieser Plan war Marineminister Welles nicht bekannt, die An­ordnung stellte zudem einen massiven Eingriff des Verteidigungsministeriums in Angelegenheiten des Marineministeriums dar (vgl. Anderson: By Sea and by River, S. 22). US-Marineminister Gideon Welles versuchte Lincoln's Anordnung zu ändern und war über sie sehr verärgert. Barron's Loyalität galt auf grund seiner südlichen Herkunft als zweifelhaft, Lincoln zog seine Anordnung auf Vor­halt von Welles' zurück (vgl. Anderson: By Sea and River, a.a.O., S. 21/22; vgl. auch Niven: Gideon Welles, a.a.O., S. 328, 330, 331; Welles, Diary I S. 17). Welles' Vorsicht war zutreffend. Barron (Anführer einer sezessionistischen Gruppe im US-Navy-Department, ein enger Freund von David Dixon *Porter, die beide Favoriten von Jefferson Davis waren [vgl. Welles, Diary I S. 19]) trat kurz dar­auf aus der US-Navy aus und schloß sich dem Süden an (vgl. Longacre, a.a.O., S. 53 m.w.N.). In der CS wurde Barron zum Commo­dore befördert und eroberte bereits im Juli 1861 drei Schiffe als Prisen (vgl. Chestnut, Diary from Dixie, S. 102). Barron wurde bald darauf kriegsgefangen (Chestnut, a.a.O., S. 124; Anderson, a.a.O., S. 50; OR.6:120).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Barron, Samuel (Captain): Report, 11 Calender Virginia State Papers, S. 167-70 (vgl. Freeman: Robert E. Lee, a.a.O., 1: 521 Anm. 51)

 

 

Barron, Samuel B.:

CS-Sergeant später Lieutenant; 1835-+++; aus Cherokee County, Ost-Texas; 3rd Texas Cavalry (vgl. Hale: Third Texas Cavalry, a.a.O., S. 3)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Barron, Samuel B.: The Lone Star Defenders: A Chronicle of the Third Texas Cavalry, Ross' Brigade. New York and Washington, D.C.: Neale, 1908 (Reprint. Waco: W. M. Morrison Press, 1964 und reprint, Washington DC, 1983)

- Evans: Sherman's Horsemen, a.a.O., S. 261, 263, 284, 421, 450, 451, 583 n 24

 

 

Barry, William Farqrhar:

US-BrigGen; West Point ++++; Chief of Artillery der Army of the Potomac ab dem Spätjahr 1861 (vgl. Nevins: Col Wainwright, a.a.O., S. 5, 59) und während McClellan's Peninsular Campaign (vgl. Dowdey, Seven Pines, a.a.O., S. 46). Barry war Artilleriechef in Sherman’s Armee während des Marsches auf Atlanta und dessen Fortsetzung zur See (vgl. Hitchcock, Henry: Marching with Sher­man, a.a.O., S. 20)

 

 

Barry, William Taylor Sullivan:

CS-Col und Politiker; 10.12.1821 Columbus / Mississippi - 29.1.1868 Columbus; graduated Yale University 1841; Rechtsanwalt und Planter bei Columbus; Mitglied der Democratic Party; 1850 Abgeordneter im Mississippi Parlament; 1853 im US-Congress; wieder­gewählt 1854 ins Mississippi Parlament; Speaker des Parlaments 1855; Mitglied des Mississippi Delegation auf der Charleston De­mocratic Convention 1860 zur Frage der Sklavenhaltung; Präsident der Mississippi Secession Convention vom 7.1.1861 (vgl. Davis: A Go­vernment of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 15). Abgeordneter im CSA Congress 1861; Rücktritt 1862 wegen Eintritts in die CS-Army; er stellte die 35th Mississippi Infantry auf; Col 35th Mississippi Infantry; Teilnahme an der Corinth und Vicksburg Campaign; Battle of Corinth; Ein­satz bei der Belagerung von Vicksburg; beim Fall von Vicksburg kriegsgefangen und paroled; Barry brach die Parole und führte sein Regiment während der Atlanta Campaign 1864; schwer verwundet im Battle of Allatoona im Oktober 1864; Briga­dekommandeur von Sears's Brigade; mit der Brigade verlegt nach Mobile 1865; kriegsgefangen beim US-Angriff auf Fort Blakely am 9.4.1865; aus­getauscht am 1.5.1865; in der Nachkriegszeit Rechtsanwalt in Columbus; konnte wegen der Folgen der Verwundung und aus Folge der psychischen Belastung während des Krieges seinen Beruf nur noch kurze Zeit ausüben

 

Photo:

- Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 29

 

Documents/Literature::

- Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 29

- **Wyatt, Lee T. III: "William S. Barry, Advocate of Secession, 1821-1868." Journal of Mississippi History, XXXIX (1977), S. 339-355

 

 

Barstow, Simon F.:

US-Col; aide de Camp von General Frederick West *Lander (vgl. Chase: Diary, a.a.O., S. 56; Anm.: bei National Park Soldiers nicht genannt).

 

 

Barteau, Clark:

CS-LtCol, aus Guntown, Mississippi (südlich Corinth; vgl. Karte bei Davis, Nr. 154); Barteau meldete am 20.10.1862 an Gen Van Dorn, daß die Yankees die Mobile & Ohio RR zwischen Rienzi und Booneville, Mississippi reparierten, und ihren Stützpunkt Rienzi verstärkten, was auf einen Vorstoß Grant's nach Süden hindeutete. Am 11.11.1862 meldete Barteau, daß die US-Truppen aus Corinth abgezogen seien (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, a.a.O., Vol. I, S. 46, 52; OR Ser. I, Vol XVII, pt. II, S. 732, 746).

 

 

Barth, John Washington:

US-Major 28th Kentucky Infantry Regiment (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürger­krieg, a.a.O., S. 480), Co. C;. Barth trat im Rang eines Captain ein wurde als Major ausgemustert (vgl. http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-soldiers-detail.htm?sol­dier_id=b722af7f-dc7a-df11-bf36-b8ac6f5d926a). Barth kommandierte das Regiment im Battle of Nashville (vgl. http://en. wikipe­dia.org/wiki/28th_Regiment_Kentucky_Volunteer_Infantry).

 

 

Bartlett, Asa W.:

US-Captain; Co. F&G, 12th Regiment New Hampshire Infantry; er trat als Musician in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M549 Roll 1).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bartlett, Asa W.: History of the Twelfth Regiment New Hampshire Volunteers in the War of the Rebellion (Concord, N. H.: Ira C. Evans, 1897)

 

 

Bartlett,. Benjamin:

US-+++; 124th Illinois Infantry (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 408)

 

 

Bartlett, Henry T.:

US-Pvt; Co. H&F, 1st Regiment Massachusetts Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 2); Nachkriegszeit: um 1888 Vice President of the Cavalry Corps in the Society to the Army of the Potomac.

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bartlett, Henry T. Letter, 1888. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in the 1st Massachusetts Cavalry; later, Vice President of the Cavalry Corps in the Society to the Army of the Potomac. Writes Samuel E. Chamberlain, President of the Cavalry Corps, S.A.P., in 1888, urging him to nominate a cavalryman as the next president of the S.A.P., and cites the importance of the cavalry at the Battle of Gettysburg (1863) (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide - Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Col­lections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms89-031)

 

 

Bartlett, Harold:

US-++++; 1st Michigan Light Artillery Battery D; beteiligt an der Jagd auf Morgan's Raiders im Juli 1863

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Genco, James: To the Sound of Musketry and Tap of Drum: A History of Michigan's Battery D through the Letters of Artificer Ha­rold J. Bartlett, 1861-64 (Rochester, Michigan: R. Russel Books, 1983; Detroit Book Press, 2nd printing of 1983 original). This is the first documented account of Battery "D", 1st Michigan Light Artillery

 

 

Bartlett, Joseph J.:

US-++General

 

 

Bartlett, Myron Napier:

CS-Corporal; Washington Artillery, Louisiana Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M378 Roll 2; vgl. Priest: Antietam, a.a.O., S. 6).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Bartlett, M. Napier: A Story of the War Including the Marches of Washington Artillery (New Orleans, 1874)

 

 

Bartlett, William F.:

US-++General;

 

 

Barton, Clara:

US-Nurse; 1821-1912; frühere Lehrerin, in der Nachkriegszeit Gründerin des Red Cross der USA und dessen Vorsitzende von 1882 - 1904; Barton begann im Juli 1862 eine One-Woman-Campaign zur Versorgung der Verwundeten der US-Truppen mit Verbandsstoff, medizinischen Hilfsmittel und nahm sich der Verwundeten oft bis in die Frontlinie hinein an (vgl. Encyclopedia of the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 26/27).

 

 

Barton, Randolph:

CS-+++; (Stonewall Brigade)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Barton, Randolph: Recollections 1861-1865 (Baltimore 1913)

 

 

Barton, Seth:

CS-BrigGen, kommandierte den linken Flügel der Konföderierten in der Schlacht von Champion's Hill am 16.5.1863, wurde jedoch von Grant's Truppen geschlagen. Sein Zurückweichen erschütterte die CS-Armee und führte zur Einschließung von Vicksburg.

 

Photos:

Davis/Wiley, Photographic History, a.a.O., S. 32

 

 

Barton, William Strother:

CS-2nd Lt; Co. F, 2nd Regiment Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 3); Enkel von Strother Jones, dem Eigentü­mer der Vaucluse Mansion im Shenandoah, südlich von Winchester / VA gelegen; Strother Barton war beim Vorstoß von Ewell's Corps auf Winchester im Juni 1863 (Gettysburg Campaign) Early's Guide from Nineveh to Stephens City am 13.6.1863 (vgl. Nye: Here come the Rebels, a.a.O., Anm. auf S. 74-75).

 

 

Barton, William S.:

CS-Agent; bei Ausbruch des Krieges Major der Virginia Militia. Barton organisierte eine Underground Line für Waffenschmuggel und Nachrichtenübermittlung nach Maryland, um die Sezession von Maryland zu fördern (vgl. Tidwell: Come Retribution, a.a.O., S. 10).

 

 

Bartow, Francis Stebbins:

CS-Col (acting BrigGen); *6.9.1816 in Savannah / GA - 21.7.1861; seit 1857 Captain der Oglethorpe Light Infantry Militia aus Sav­annah (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 54). 1860 Bürgermeister von Savannah / GA; Delegierter der Secession Convention in Montgomery / Alabama im Februar 1861 (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 18, 54). Regiments­kommandeur 8th Georgia Infantry; dann Brigadekommandeur 2nd Brigade (Bartow's Brigade) of the Army of the Shenandoah; die Briga­de wurde aufgestellt im Juni 1861 und eingesetzt im Shenandoah Valley in Joseph E. *Johnston’s Army in Winchester; Briga­dekommandeur war Col. Francis S. *Bartow; die Brigade umfaßte die 7th, 8th, 9th Georgia Infantry, 1st Kentucky Infantry und die Battery von Captain Ephraim G. Alburtis (vgl. Davis: Battle of Bull Run, a.a.O., S. 83).

 

Im Battle of 1st Bull Run war Barton mit seiner Brigade auf dem linken CS-Flügel eingesetzt; er kämpfte mit großer persönlicher Tapferkeit und ist bei Henry House (1st Manassas) gefallen (vgl. Chestnut: Diary of Dixie, a.a.O., S. 87). Barton wird teilweise als BrigGen be­zeichnet (Nachweise bei Allardice, a.a.O., S. 31).

 

Mary Chestnut erwähnt Bartow in ihrem Tagebuch anläßlich einer Reise nach Savannah / GA am 8.11.1860 (vgl. Chestnut: Diary of Dixie, a.a.O., S. 2).

 

Photo:

- Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 30

 

Documents/Literature::

- Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 30

- **Bartow, Francis: Francis Bartow Folder, Georgia Department of Archives and History, Atlanta

 

 

Baruch, Simon:

CS-Surgeon; Teilnahme am Battle of Gettysburg (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 254)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Baruch, Simon: Reminiscenses of a Confederate Surgeon (New York, n.p., 1915)

 

 

Barziza, Decimus et Ultimus:

CS-Captain, 4th Texas Infantry (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 165).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Barziza, Decimus et Ultimus (ed. R. Henderson Shuffler): The Adventures of a Prisoner of War, 1863-1684 (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1964)

 

 

Bassett, Chauncey:

US-LtCol; *1st Regiment Louisiana Native Guard Regiment (*US Coloured Troops).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Weaver, C. P. (ed.): Thank God my Regiment is an African One: The Civil War Diary of Colonel Nathan W. Daniels (Louisiana State University Press, 1998; Taschenbuchausgabe 2000); S. 12 Anm. 15

 

 

Basset, Elisha B.:

US-Captain; Co D 19th Michigan Infantry; er nahm nicht am Battle von Thompson's Station am 5.3.1863 teil; ab 8.3.1863 bewachte Basset mit Co D die Brücke über den Little Harpeth River südlich von Franklin / Tennessee (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 100); er ergab sich am 24.3.1863 nahezu ohne Widerstand mit 230 Mann der 19th Michigan Infantry den beiden gegen ihn eingesetzten Cavalry Regimentern von Forrest's Cavalry Division (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 101). Hierbei geriet Basset in Kriegsgefangenschaft, wurde im Libby Prison / Richmond inhaftiert, bald ausgetauscht und am 23.6.1863 unehren­haft aus der Armee entlassen wegen Feigheit im Battle of Thompson's Station (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 102)

 

 

Batchelder, Albert:

US-Corporal; Co. B, 6th Regiment Vermont Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M557 Roll 1).

 

 

Batchelder, Albert:

US-Pvt; Co. I, 36th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 2).

 

 

Batchelder, Albert A.:

US-Pvt (?); Co. C, 6th Regiment New Hampshire Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M549 Roll 1); original filed under Albert A. Bachelder

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Batchelder, Albert A.: Letter to Father, not dated; Antietam National Battlefield

 

 

Batchelder, Albert F.:

US-Pvt; Co. B, 3rd Regiment New Hampshire Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M549 Roll 1).

 

 

Batchelder, Albert J.:

US-Corporal; Co. I, 1st Regiment Maine Veteran Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M543 Roll 1).

 

 

Batchelder, Albert L.:

US-Pvt; Co. E, 1st Regiment New Hampshire Heavy Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M549 Roll 1).

 

 

Batchelder, Albert R.:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 48th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (Militia) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 2).

 

 

Batchelder, Albert W.:

US-1stLt; Co. E&A, 12th Regiment New Hampshire Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M549 Roll 1); original filed under Albert W. Bachelder

 

 

Batchelder, R. N.:

US-LtCol; Stabsoffizier im Stab von Sickles' III Corps (vgl. Sauers: Gettysburg: The Meade-Sickles Controversy, a.a.O., S. 172n30).

 

 

Batchelor, Albert A.:

CS-Pvt; Co. E, 2nd Regiment Louisiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M378 Roll 2).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Batchelor, Albert A.: Papers, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge/Louisiana, Library Special Collection Mss. 919

 

 

Batchelor, John:

US-Pvt; Co. I, 78th Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 5; vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 403).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Batchelor, John: Diary (Illinois State Historical Society, Springfield / Illinois)

 

 

Bate, William B.:

CS-MajGen; 1862 war Bate Col 2nd Tennessee Infantry; Im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh gehörte die 2nd Tennessee Infan­try zu 2nd Brigade BrigGen Patrick R. Cleburne III. Army Corps MajGen William J. Hardee in Johnston’s Army of the Mississippi (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 321; Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh; in: B&L I 539). Am 6.4.1862 gegen 8:00 eingesetzt im Rahmen von Cleburne’s Brigade gegen Buckland’s Brigade südlich von Shiloh Church westlich der Pittsburg-Corinth Road. Hierbei griff die 2nd Tennessee gegen die Front der 72nd Ohio Infantry an (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 162 mit Karte S. 165). Weiterhin griff die 2nd Tennessee bei Rea Field gegen Barrett’s Battery (Battery B 1st Illinois Light Artillery) an (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 163 mit Karte S. 165), wobei. Bate durch einen Schuß in den linken Unterschenkel verwundet wurde; als die Ärzte amputieren woll­te, verhinderte Bate dies mit gezogener Waffe. Bate überlebte, benötigte jedoch künftig eine Krücke (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 162-163, 167, 288).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bate, William B.: Report on Atlanta Campaign (Photocopy Kennesaw National Battlefield Park Library, Kennesaw / Georgia)

- Kelly, ++++

 

 

Bateman, Newton:

US-+++; 2nd Illinois Cavalry (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 390)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bateman, Newton: Papers (Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield / Illinois)

 

 

Bates, Edward:

US-Politiker; 1793-1869; Bates stammte ursprünglich aus Virginia, zog dann nach Missouri; Bates kandidierte im Mai 1860 auf der Chicago Convention der Republikanischen Partei als Präsidentschaftskandidat (vgl. Schurz, Reminiscenses, a.a.O., vol. 2, S. 175). Attorney General in Lincoln's Kabinett bis 24.11.1864; der aus Virginia stammende Bates, der als Bürger von Missouri aus einem der Border States kam, wurde in Lincoln's Kabinett berufen, um die Sezession zu verhindern, durch Berufung von Ministern aus den Border Staaten; Freund von James B. *Eads (Bearss, Hardluck Ironclad, a.a.O., S. 10). Bates stellte sich gegen die Ernennung von Natha­niel *Lyon zum Befehlshaber in Missouri, da er dessen Vorgehen gegen *Camp Jackson und den hierdurch ausgelösten Aufruhr in Missouri mißbilligte (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 77).

 

Photo:

- West: Gideon Welles, a.a.O., S. 97

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bates, Edward (Attorney General): Letter to James Eads, April 1863; Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park Manuscript Collection, vol. 268

- **Beale, Howard K.: "The Diary of Edward Bates, 1839-1866," Annual Report of the American Association, 1930, vol. IV

- **Beale, Howard K. (ed.): The Diary of Edward Bates, 1859-1866 (Washington DC: Government Printing Office, 1933).

- **Cain, Marvin R.: Lincoln's Attorney General: Edward Bates of Missouri (Columbia, Mo., 1965)

 

 

Bates, James C.:

CS-++Officer; 9th Texas Cavalry

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bates, James C. (9th Texas cavalry): A Texas Cavalry Officer‘s Civil War: The Diary and Letters of James C. Bates (LSU Press), 328 pp. Edited by Richard Lowe. Bates served in the 9th Texas Cavalry from 1861 to 1865 and fought in some of the most dramatic clashes of the war. Elkhorn Tavern, Corinth, Thompson's Station and Etowah River. College educated, he wrote a detailed diary of some of the war's most significant cavalry actions.

 

 

Bates, John W.:

US-Chaplain (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 85 und 579 n 30

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bates, John W.: Diary (US Army Military History Research Collection, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania)

 

 

Bates, Joseph H.:

US-BrigGen

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bates, Joseph H. (BrigGen): "Ohio's Preparation for the War" (Ohio MOLLUS Sketches of War History Volume One; Reprint Cin­cinnati: Robert Clarke and Co. Broadfoot Publishing Co. NC. 1991)

 

 

Bates, Josua H.:

BrigGen der Ohio Militia 1861 (vgl. McClellan: Civil War Papers, S. 6).

 

 

Batterton, Ira A.:

US-Pvt; Co. K, 8th Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 5; vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 393). Möglicherweise Sergeant, 8th Regiment Illinois Infantry (so die Unterschrift v. Batterton in a letter to Pres. Lincoln from 5.12.1862) (Autograph Letter Signed, 4, 6, RG 107, Entry 259: Records of the Chief Clerk [1800-1931] and the Administrative Assistant [1931-1947], Records Relating to Personnel, General Records, 1816-1899, Applications, Applications for Civilian Appointments and Regular Army Commissions, 1847-1887, NAB Link to document image. Re: Request for appointment as assistant adjutant general; encloses 249028).

 

Aus Lexington, enlisted 1.8.1861, discharged 16.2.1863 (vgl. Transaction of The McLean County, Illinois Historical Society, Bloomington 1899, Vol. 1: War Record of McLean County, S. 35). Later (July 1863-June 1865) Batterton was serving as civilian clerk with the Assistant Quartermaster’s Office, Vicksburg (vgl. Batterton, Ira A.: Papers. Correspondence 7/1863 – 6/1865, microfilm, Illinois State Historical Library, Spring­field/Ill.).

 

In a letter from 21.10.1862 to USS Grant, Pvt (!) Ira A Batterton, who was on recruiting duty for 8th Regiment Illinois Infantry, asked Gen. Grant to be returned to his regiment, „of which I am a private of „K“ company“ (vgl. Grant: The Papers of Ulysses S. Grant, ed. John Y. Simon, a.a.O., vol. 6, S. 439-440).

 

11.11.1826 McLean County Illinois - † 15.7.1865 Vicksburg/Miss., beerd. zunächst Scrogin Cemetery, Lexington/Ill.; später umge­bettet Wiley Cemetery, McLean County/Ill.; after the war, he remained in Vicksburg/Miss., where he was shot and killed (vgl. www.­findagrave.com, Abruf v. 15.3.2017).

 

Once the occupation was complete, Vicksburg boasted one newspaper, and it was operated by a former Union soldier. Even he had occasional troubles with the city's military authorities, though that could perhaps be because of questions that linger over his discharge from the army. While his family argues Batterton was honorably discharged after some confusion over his assignments, his service records show only that he served in Company K of the 8th Illinois. A webside devoted to Illinois in the Civil War shows Batterton was discharged on 16.2.1864 by order of the federal War Department (vgl. Van Tyll, Debra Reddin: Journalism in the Fallen Confederacy, a.a.O., n.p.).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Batterton, Ira A.: Papers, 1848-94; Civil War Letters, 1861-63, on secretarial duties to generals John A. McClernand, Richard Oglesby, and John A. Logan. Lengthy account of Vicksburg Campaign in letters of May and June, 1863. He was editor of the Vicksburg Daily Herald. 430 items; microfilm, Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield/Ill.

- **Sabin, David B.: Ira A. Batterton and the Vicksburg Herald, an Unconditional Union Newspaper (1968)

 

 

Bauer, George:

US-Pvt; Co. C, 1st Regiment New York Cavalry (vgl. www.findagrave com, Abruf vom 16.10.2016 mit Photo des Grabsteins, darauf die Nennung des Truppenteils; Anm. bei National Park Soldiers nicht genannt); † 16.4.1864 at Washington/DC, died of pneumonia; buried US Soldiers' and Airmen's Home National Cemetery, Washington/DC (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 16.10. 2016).

 

 

Bauer, Georg (D):

US-Pvt; Co. D, 21st Regiment Missouri Infantry (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 361n1; Anm.: bei National Park Soldiers wird Bauer nicht genannt).

 

Bauer emigrated from from Baden in 1863; kurz darauf folgte sein Bruder Johann. Shortly thereafter, both of them settled on farms near Kirksville in northern Missouri (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 361); † 22.6.1844 im Army Hospital Memphis/Tenn. (vgl. Brief von Johann Bauer vom 19.2.1865, abgedruckt bei (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 363). Seine Witwe, die er als Schwangere mit einem Kleinkind bei seinem Eintritt in das Regiment 1861 (3-year­-Service) zurückgelassen hatte, erhielt später eine Pension (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 361n1; vgl. Pension Files National Achives).

 

 

Bauer, Georg:

US-Pvt; † kia 9.7.1864 im Battle of Monocacy

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Bauer, Georg (d. 1864): Letter, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier during the Civil War, writing from Spotsylvania Courthouse on May 20, 1864, to his daughter, about the many battles he fought in and the presence of the Confederates in the immediate area. Bauer was a native German speaker and the English in his letter is heavily Germanized (ex. "shudding duks" for "shooting ducks"). Bauer was killed two months later in the Battle of Monocacy. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide, Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms93-022)

 

 

Baum, James H.:

US-Corporal; Co. F, 46th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 6; vgl. Gottfried: Brigades of Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 350, 357).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Baum, James H.: „A Boy Soldier Tell the Story of Gettysburg.“ (The East Liverpool Morning Tribune, July 9, 1910)

 

 

Baumer, Andrew:

US-Pvt, 56th Illinois Infantry Regiment, Co. B

 

 

Baumer, Andrew:

US-Pvt, 13th Illinois Cavalry Regiment, Co. H, A

 

 

Baumer, Antoine:

US-Pvt; 3rd Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (1st Organization), Co F

 

 

Baumer, Anton:

US-Pvt; Co. I, 5th Regiment Iowa Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M541 Roll 2).

 

 

Baumer, Augustus:

US-Pvt, 39th Ohio Infantry Regiment, Co. E

 

 

Baumer, Charles:

US-Pvt, 7th Maryland Infantry Regiment, Co. ?

 

 

Baumer, Daniel:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 86th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 7).

 

 

Baumer, Edward:

US-Pvt, 132nd Ney York Infantry Regiment

 

 

Baumer, Francis:

US-Pvt 8th Illinois Infantry Regiment Co. C

 

 

Baumer, Frank:

US-Pvt 9th Illinois Infantry Regiment Co. C

 

 

Baumer, Henry:

US-Pvt 2nd Missouri Light Artillery Regiment

 

 

Baumer, Henry:

US-Pvt 3rd Regiment Missouri Infantry (3 Months 1861), Co. H, F

 

 

Baumer, Henry:

US-Pvt 5th Missouri State Militia Cavalry Regiment Co. E

 

 

Baumer, Henry:

US-Pvt 2nd Regiment Missouri Light Artillery

 

 

Baumer, Henry:

US-Pvt, Berry's Battalion Missouri Cavalry Co. C

 

 

Baumer, James:

US-Sgt, alternative Namen L./Baumer; James/Barmer; James M./Barmer; 36th Indiana Infantry Regiment Co. F

 

 

Baumer, John:

US-Pvt, 3rd Colorado Cavalry Regiment, Co. K

 

 

Baumer, John:

US-Pvt, 3rd US-Cavalry Regiment (regular Army), Co. C

 

 

Baumer, John H.:

US-Pvt., alternativer Name: John H. Baummer; 6th Ohio Infantry Regiment Co. D

 

 

Baumer, John H.:

US-First Sergeant 106th Ohio Infantry Regiment, Co H

 

 

Baumer, Joseph:

US-Pvt, 7th Kansas Cavalry Regiment (Jennison's Jayhawkers), Co. C

 

 

Baumer, Joseph:

US-Pvt 2nd Missouri Light Artillery Regiment

 

 

Baumer, Lucas:

US-Corporal 176th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment (Drafted Militia), Co. E

 

 

Baumer, Mathews:

US-Pvt; Co. K, 27th Connecticut Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 1).

 

 

Baumer, Nicolas:

alternativer Name: Bowman, US-Pvt 132nd New York Infantry Regiment, Co ? +++klären+++

 

 

Baumer, Philip:

US-Pvt 15th Missouri Infantry Regiment Co. B

 

 

Baumer, Robert:

US-Pvt; Co. E, 79th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 7).

 

 

Baumer, William:

auch Wilhelm Bäumer; US-Col 1st Nebrasca Veteran Cavalry (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürger­krieg, a.a.O., S. 481). Bäumer stammte aus Westfalen, zeichnete sich in den Indianerkriegen aus, welcher gleichzeitig mit dem Civil war spielte. Er ließ den Häuptling Black Kettle aufhängen, obschon 10000 feindliche Indianer in der Nähe waren (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im ame­rikanischen Bürger­krieg, a.a.O., S. 481).

 

1st Regiment Nebrasca Cavalry, Co. B; Baumer trat im Rang eines Captain ein und wurde als LtCol ausgemustert (vgl. http://www. nps.gov/civilwar/search-soldiers-detail.htm) .

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Baumer, William: Reports of Lieutenant Colonel William Baumer, First Nebraska Infantry (die Vorgängerin der 1st Nebrasca Cavalry), of action at Cape Girardeau vom 28..4.1863 and pursuit of Marmaduke. OR Page 267 Chapter XXXIV 

 

 

Baumer, William:

US-Pvt 51st Missouri Infantry Regiment Co. I

 

 

Baumer, William:

US-Pvt 54th Missouri Infantry Regiment

 

 

Baumer, William A.:

US-Pvt 133rd Indiana Infantry Regiment (100 Days, 1864), Co. A

 

 

Baxley, Catherine Virginia:

CS-Spionin aus Baltimore; * ca. 1812-++++; Baxley wird im Secret Service Record Book (vgl. - Chicago Historical Society: Confe­derate States of Amerika Secret Service Account Book (Chicago, Manuscript, ohne Datum, zitiert bei Tidwell, April 65 - Confederate Covert Action, a.a.O., S. 243) wie folgt erwähnt: "The Women of the South Baxley" (vgl. Tidwell, April 65 - Confederate Covert Ac­tion, a.a.O., S. 35).

 

"On December 26, 1861, Jefferson Davis received a telegram from James F. Milligan, the head of the signal company operating in the Norfolk area, which asked, "Is Mrs. Baxley of Baltimore known to you? If so is she all right and to be trusted?" Davis commen­ted, "Recently bore to me letters from reliable friends in Baltimore, had no previous acquaintance but believe her to be with us." The inquiry suggests that somebody was planning to use her for some sensitive work. (Milligan to Davis, December 26, 1861; in: Crist, Lynda Lasswell and Mary Seaton Dix, eds.: The Papers of Jefferson Davis, vol 7 [Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1992], S. 444).

 

But whatever Catherine Baxley's next assignment might have been it led to her arrest and imprisonment with Rose Greenhow in Wa­shington. Greenhow wrote a book about her experiences as a Confederate spy and Union prisoner, which was published in London in 1863, and in it lambasted Baxley and hinted that she might be unbalanced. Subsequent writers have tended to take Greenhow at her word and have dismissed Baxley as relatively unimportant. Before following their lead, however, it is important to remember that Greenhow was an ardent and sophisticated supporter of the Confederacy writing during the war. She knew that what she wrote would be read by Union authorities, and the cause would have weighed much more heavily than any personal pique. It is much more likely that Greenhow was deliberately trying to play down Baxley's importance and thus make it possible for Baxley to continue operating for the Confederacy.

 

The Union authorities sent Baxley south with Greenhow in the summer of 1862, but Baxley was arrested again and imprisoned in Washington in early 1865. Her name on the list in the secret service record book suggests that she had resumed operations for the Confederacy before she was arrested for the second time." (aus Tidwell, April 65 - Confederate Covert Action, a.a.O., S. 36/37)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Tidwell, William A.: April 65 - Confederate Covert Action in the American Civil War

 

 

Baxter, Henry:

US-MajGen; 1821-73; 22.8.1861 Captain 7th Michigan Infantry (Col. Norman *Hall); 1.7.1862 LtCol Henry *Baxter, unter Artille­rieschutz und unter dem Beifall von Zuschauern bei Verlusten durch feindlichen Scharfschützenbeschuß in Booten über den Rappa­hannock übergesetzt, wo sie im Straßen- und Häuserkampf die am Wasser gelegenen Häuser von feindlichen Scharfschützen der Missi­ssippi Brigade BrigGen Barkdale's säuberten (Report von Col. Norman J. Hall, OR 21:282-84; abgedruckt bei Luvaas / Nelson: Chancellorsville and Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 15-18; vgl. Curtis: 24th Michigan Infantry, a.a.O., S. 87). Zuerst wurde die 7th Michi­gan Infantry übergesetzt, die die Hauptlast des Kampfes trug (vgl. Curtis, a.a.O.); hierbei wurde Baxter verwundet und erlitt einen Lungendurchschuß (Report von Col. Norman J. Hall, OR 21:282-84; abgedruckt bei Luvaas / Nelson: Chancellorsville and Frede­ricksburg, a.a.O., S. 16; Boatner, a.a.O., S. 51). BrigGen USV 12.3.1863.

 

Im Sommer 1963 und im Battle of Gettysburg BrigGen und Brigadekommandeur 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division BrigGen John C. Ro­binson I Army Corps Doubleday; Teilnahme am Battle of Gettysburg. Baxter's Brigade bestand aus folgenden Regimentern (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 444):

- 12th Massachusetts Infantry Col James L. Bates,

LtCol David Allen, jr.

- 83rd New York Infantry (9th New York Militia) LtCol

Joseph A. Moesch

- 97th New York Infantry Col Charles Wheelock; Major

Charles Northrup

- 11th Pennsylvania Infantry Col Richard Coulter, Capt

Benjamin F. Haines, Capt John B. Overmyer

- 88th Pennsylvania Infantry Major Benezet F. *Foust,

Capt Henry Whiteside

- 90th Pennsylvania Infantry Col Peter Lyle, Major Alfred S. Sellers, Col Peter Lyle

 

Breveted am 1.4.1865 zum MajGen USV für seinen Einsatz in den Schlachten von Wilderness, Dabney's Mills, Five Forks; ausge­mustert nach 3maliger Verwundung am 24.8.1865. US-Botschafter in Honduras 1866-69.

 

 

Baxter, Joseph H.:

US-Captain; Co. G&H, 22nd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry; er trat 1861 als Sergeant in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 2). Zuvor war Baxter in der Cambridge Company of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia bei Fort Monroe eingesetzt (vgl. Bennett: Musket and Sword, a.a.O., S. 30).

 

Am 30.6.1862 kommandierte Sergeant Baxter die Co. G, 22nd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry, auf dem Rückzug bei Malvern Hill, nachdem der Kompaniechef bei Malvern Hill in Kriegsgefangenschaft geraten war und die Kompanie keinen 1stLt hatte. Das ganze Regiment wies nur eine Stärke von 300 Mann (vgl. Bennett: Musket and Sword, a.a.O., S. 65-66). Am 5.9.1862 wurde Baxter zum 2ndLt befördert (vgl. Bennett: Musket and Sword, a.a.O., S. 85).

 

 

Bayard, E. C.:

US-Captain; im Sommer 1963 AAG von MajGen John F. Reynolds (gef. 1.7.1863 Gettysburg) (vgl. Fishel: Secret War, a.a.O., S. 680 n1).

 

 

Bayard, George Dashiell:

US-BrigGen; 1835-62; aus New York; West Point 1856 (11/49); Cavalry Fighting in den Indian Wars wobei er durch einen vergifte­ten Pfeil verwundet wurde; anschließend Cavalry Instructor in West Point; Beförderung zum Captain 4th US-Cavalry am 20.8.1861; anschließend aus der 4th US-Cavalry beurlaubt, übernahm er die 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry; Col 14.9.1861; er kämpfte bei Dranes­ville und gegen Jackson in der Valley Campaign bei Harrisonburg und Port Republic. BrigGen USV am 28.4.1862; Brigadekomman­deur CavBrig III Army of Virginia vom 26.6.1862 - 12. September 1862 (Boatner, a.a.O., S. 52); er war einer der beiden Kavallerie­führer der im Sommer 1862 neu aufgestellten Army of Virginia unter John Pope (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 5, 43); Ba­yard führte die US-Vorhut bei Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 52). Brigadekommandeur der CavBrig, Left Grand Div. Potomac von September 1862 bis 13.12.1862 (Boatner, a.a.O., S. 52)

 

McClellan's Vorstoß über den Potomac nach Virginia Anfang Nov. 1862 veranlaßte Gen Robert E. Lee zu einer Umgruppierung sei­ner Kräfte, die von Williamsburg/Va nach Winchester/Shenandoah verlegt wurden und dadurch außerhalb der Reichweite von Prof. *Lowe's Balloons bei Bolivar Heights nahe Harper's Ferry gerieten. The task of tracking them fell to Alfred Pleasonton's cavalry bri­gade, soon to be joined by the brigade of BrigGen George Bayard (vgl. Fishel: Secret War, a.a.O., S. 251).

 

Tödlich verwundet im Battle of Fredericksburg am 13.12.1862 (vgl. Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 580 Anm. 36)

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Bayard, George D.: Correspondence. United States Military Academy Library, West Point / New York

 

 

Bayles, Jonah:

US-Pvt; Co. E&A, 7th Regiment West Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M507 Roll 1).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Bayles, Jonah: „On Cemetery Hill.“ National Tribune, September 1, 1910

 

 

Baylor, George:

CS-Captain; zunächst Pvt, Co. G, 2nd Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 4), Stonewall Brigade (vgl. Robertson: Stonewall Brigade, a.a.O., S. 9; Nosworthy, Bloody Crucible, a.a.O., S. 712); im Herbst 1861 war Baylor Pvt 2nd Virginia Infantry (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 45); Baylor war später 2ndLt; Co. B, 12th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 4) und 2ndLt Co D, 7th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (Ashby's) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 4).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Baylor, George: Bull Run to Bull Run: Or, Four Years in the Army of Northern Virginia (Richmond 1900; First Edition). Nevins says "A much consulted memoir by a Virginia cavalryman; especially good for Baylor's discerning personal observations"

 

 

Baylor, George W.:

CS-Col; als Lt Aide im Stab von MajGen Albert Sidney Johnston in der Shiloh Campaign (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 44, 125, 129, 195, 196); Baylor tötete in der Nachkriegszeit im April 1865 in Houston / Texas in einem Duell CS-Col John *Wharton von den Texas Rangers (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 190).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Baylor, George W.: "With Gen. A. S. Johnston at Shiloh." Confederate Veteran, vol. 5 (1897), S. 609-13

 

 

Baylor, John Robert:

CS-LtCol, 2nd Texas Mounted Rifles (vgl. Josephy: The War in the West, a.a.O., S. 28); Vorkriegszeit: bekannter Indianerkämpfer, der im Mittelpunkt erhitzter Kontroversen wegen seiner unbarmherzigen Vorgehensweise gegen die Indianer stand (vgl. Josephy: The War in the West, a.a.O., S. 22); Baylor rief im Februar 1861 in texanischen Zeitungen zur Aufstellung von 1000 Männern einer be­waffneten (und getarnten) "buffalo-hunting Expedition" auf (vgl. Josephy: The War in the West, a.a.O., S. 22; Darrow, Caroline Bald­win: Recollection of the Twiggs Surrender; in Johnson / Buel, Battles and Leaders, Vol I From Sumter to Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 33 f), de­ren Ziel es war, in der Zeit vor dem *Twiggs Surrender" das Army-Arsenal in San Antonio zu besetzen. Bei Kriegsbeginn wurde Baylor zum LtCol im 2nd Regiment Texas Mounted Rifles gewählt (vgl. Josephy: The Civil War in the America West, a.a.O., S. 28; Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 32).

 

Ende Juni / Anfang Juli 1861 besetzte LtCol 2nd Mounted Texas Rifle Regiment das von US-Truppen geräumte Fort Bliss und nahm Fort *Fillmore/NMT infolge von Unfähigkeit oder Verrat durch dessen Kommandant Major Isaac *Lynde (vgl. Alberts: The Battle of Glorieta, a.a.O., S. 6); Baylor fiel hierdurch das gesamte südliche NMT in die Hand.

 

Im Zuge seines weiteren Vorgehens Richtung Albuquerque erzwang Baylor die Räumung des gesamten Südens des NMT. Baylor be­setzte mit weniger als 500 Mann das gesamte Arizona Territory und gewann aus den früheren US-Stützpunkten große Mengen an Versorgungsgütern (vgl. Teel: Sibley's New Mexican Campaign; in: Battles & Leaders, vol 2, S. 700). Am 1.8.1861 erließ Baylor eine Proklamation, in der er das Gebiet bis zum 34. Breitengrad zum Confederate Territory von Arizona mit der Hauptstadt Mesilla erklärte und sich selbst zum Governor ausrief (Josephy: The Civil War in the West, a.a.O., S. 50). Später in der New Mexico Cam­paign von BrigGen *Sibley zum Kommandeur aller CS-Truppen in New Mexico ernannt (vgl. Alberts: The Battle of Glorieta, a.a.O., S. 11; vgl. Darrow, Caroline Baldwin: Recollection of the Twiggs Surrender; in Johnson / Buel, Battles and Leaders, Vol I From Sum­ter to Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 33 f).

 

Nach dem Abzug der US-Truppen unternahmen die hier ansässigen Indianer den Versuch, die Weißen aus Arizona zu vertreiben. Baylor, dessen Grausamkeit gegenüber den Indianern bereits in der Vorkriegszeit berüchtigt gewesen war, rief im Zuge der Kämpfe schriftlich zur Vernichtung der Indianer auf. Dieser Brief an den Befehlshaber der ihm unterstellten Arizona Guards wurde öffentlich bekannt und löste eine Skandal aus. CD-Präsident Davis setzte daraufhin 1862 Baylor als Governor des Arizona Territory ab (Josephy, The Civil War in the American West, S. 51).

 

Photo:

- Allardice, a.a.O., S. 32

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Allardice: More Generals in Gray (Louisiana State University Press, 1995, a.a.O., S. 32

- **Armstrong, A.F.H.: "The Case of Mayor Isaac Lynde," New Mexico Historical Review, Vol. 34, Nr. 1 (January 1961), S. 18-21

- **Darrow, Caroline Baldwin: Recollection of the Twiggs Surrender; in Johnson / Buel, Battles and Leaders, Vol I From Sumter to Shi­loh, a.a.O., S. 33 f

- **Josephy: The Civil War in the American West, a.a.O., S. 22. 43 ff

- **Hall, Martin Hardwick: "The Skirmish at Mesilla," in: Arizona and the West, Vol 1 Nr. 4 (Winter 1959), S. 347

- **McKee, James C.: Narrative of the Surrender of a Command of US Forces at Fort Fillmore, NM, in July, 1861 (Stagecoach Press: Houston, 1960)

- **Pettis, George H: The Confederate Invasion of New Mexico and Arizona; in: Battles and Leaders, Vol. 2 S. 103

- **Teel, Trevanion T.: Sibley's New Mexican Campaign; in: Battles & Leaders, vol 2, S. 700

- **Thompson, Jerry D.: Colonel John Robert Baylor: Texas Indian Fighter and Confederate Soldier (Hillsboro, Texas: Hill Junior Col­lege Press, 1971)

 

 

Baylor, Robert W.:

CS-Captain; Co. ?, 7th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (Ashby's) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M384 Roll 4); 1861 Kompaniechef in Ashby's Cavalry (vgl. McDonald: Laurel Brigade, a.a.O., S. 25, 383), später (1862 ?) Captain Co. B, 12th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M384 Roll 4).

 

 

Baylor, Thomas Gregory:

US-Col; aus Virginia; West Point +++; 1856/57 Stubenkamerad von Edward Porter Alexander (vgl. Alexander: Fighting for the Con­federacy, a.a.O., S. 8/9). Baylor verblieb trotz seiner Herkunft nach der Sezession in der US Army und diente als Col. während Sher­man's Marsch durch Georgia und Carolina.

 

 

Baylor, William Smith Hanger:

CS-Col (Major); Co. F&S, 5th Regiment Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 4)

 

1831-1862 aus Staunton / WV; im April 1861 Führer der "West Augusta Guards" (vgl. Robertson: The Stonewall Brigade, a.a.O., S. 5; Davis: Battle of Bull Run, a.a.O., S. 17; vgl. Wert: Brotherhood in Valor, a.a.O., S. 19), später Company in 5th Virginia Infantry (Stonewall Brigade). Im Frühjahr 1962 war Baylor Acting Inspector General des Valley Districts (vgl. Hotchkiss: Make me a Map of the Valley, a.a.O., S. 6). Im Juli 1862 Col 5th Virginia Infantry; Stonewall Jackson nahm in diesem Regiment am Sonntag 27.7.1862 am Gottesdienst teil (vgl. Hotchkiss, Make Me a Map, a.a.O., S. 63). In August 1862 he was made commander of the Stonewall Brigade, and was killed soon thereafter at the Battle of Second Manassas.

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Baylor: William S. H.: Brief veröffentlicht im Staunton / VA 'Vindicator' vom 26.4.1861

- **Baylor, William Smith Hanger (1831-1862): Correspondence. 0.1 cu. ft. Augusta County, Virginia, resident. Colonel of Augusta County Volunteer companies, and later appointed to command the 5th Virginia Regiment. In August 1862 he was made commander of the Stonewall Brigade, and was killed soon thereafter at the Battle of Second Manassas. There are three items in the collection: two letters from Baylor to his wife (April 22, and August 18, 1862), and a letter from Edward P. Walton to Mrs. Baylor written after Baylor's death (October 1, 1862). Baylor's letters refer to the destruction caused by the war, his promotion to "Colonelcy" and to Bri­gade Commander, his health, and General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson. Walton's letter expresses sympathy to Baylor's widow, and comments on Baylor's religious conviction and General Jackson's regard for him (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide - Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms85-002)

- **Baylor, William S. H.: Excerpt of letter to John Peyton Clark. Typescript. John Peyton Clark Journal. Louisa Crawford Collection. Archives, Handley Library, Winchester/VA

- **Baylor, William Smith Hanger: Correspondence. Special Collections, University Libraries, Virginia Tech University, Blacksburg/VA

- **Baylor, William Smith Hanger: Baylor File, Compiled Service Record, National Archives, Washington/DC

 

 

Bayne, Samuel H.:

US-1stLt; Co. H, 96th regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 9; vgl. Partridge: History of the Ninety-sixth Regiment Ill. Vol. Inf., a.a.O., S. 52).

 

3.6.1836 Philadelphia / Pennsylvania - † 10.7.1933; beerd. Steele Cemetery, Falls City, Richardson County, Nebrasca; der Grabstein trägt die Inschrift „96 IL 1 Lt Co. H“ (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 15.5.2016); °° mit Mary A. Bayne (1841-1917) (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 15.5.2016).

 

 

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