Version 25.7.2017

 

Litera Al-Ap

 

 

Akerman, Amos T.:

CS-Pvt; Co. H., 3rd Regiment Georgia Cavalry (State Guards) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 1).

 

Akerman was a New Hampshire-born lawyer, long resident in Georgia, who had assumed the Attorney Generalship in mid-1870 (vgl. Foner: Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 457)

 

23.2.1821 Portsmouth/New Hampshire - † 21.12.1880 Cartersville/Georgia, war ein US-amerikanischer Jurist und Politiker (Republi­kanische Partei), der dem Kabinett von US-Präsident Ulysses S. Grant als Justizminister angehörte. Akerman absol­vierte zunächst ein allgemein bildendes Studium am Dartmouth College, das er 1842 mit einem Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) beendete. Nach einer mehrjähri­gen Tätigkeit als Lehrer und dem Studium der Rechtswissenschaften ließ er sich 1850 in Elberton (Georgia) als Rechtsanwalt nieder. Obwohl er ein Gegner der Sezessionsbewegung in den Südstaaten war, trat er nach dem Ausbruch des Bürger­krieges in die Armee der Konföderierten Staaten ein, wo er hauptsächlich beim Quartiermeister diente, aber auch an einigen Schlachten teilnahm. Aker­man, der sich zu einem Gegner der Sklaverei entwickelte, spielte 1868 als Mitglied der Verfassungsgeben­den Versammlung von Ge­orgia eine äußerst wichtige Rolle bei der so genannten Reconstruction, der Wiedereingliederungsphase der Südstaaten in die Union nach dem Bürgerkrieg von 1861 bis 1865. 1866 wurde er zum Bundesstaatsanwalt für den Bezirk von Geor­gia ernannt (vgl. wikipe­dia: Stichwort Amos T. Akerman, Abruf v. 5.3.2017).

 

Am 23. Juni 1870 berief ihn US-Präsident Ulysses S. Grant als Justizminister (Attorney General) in sein Kabinett, wo er auf Ebene­zer R. Hoar folgte. In dieser Funktion oblagen ihm insbesondere Verfahren wegen des Crédit-Mobilier-Skandals, in den die Union Pacific Railroad verwickelt war, die deshalb Konkurs anmelden musste. Des Weiteren entwarf er die Ku-Klux-Acts, die nach deren Erlass die Terrorakte im Süden eindämmen sollten. Nach einem gescheiterten Versuch der US-Regierung, über den „Großen Hexen­meister“ Nathan Bedford Forrest die Ku-Klux-Klan-Mitglieder zur Räson zu bringen, löste jener den Klan 1871 offiziell auf. Doch bei der Auflösung wurde klar, wie gering die tatsächliche Macht des „Großen Hexenmeisters“ war: Nur in Arkansas und Tennessee wurde seinem Befehl Folge geleistet, vor allem in Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi sowie North und South Carolina stieg das Ausmaß der Gewaltdelikte dagegen sogar an. Akerman war auch der erste Attorney General, der das durch Gesetz neu geschaffene Justiz­ministerium (Department of Justice) leitete. Aus Protest gegen die aufkeimende Korruption in der Regierung von Präsident Grant trat er jedoch bereits am 13. Dezember 1871 als Attorney General zurück. Andererseits gab es wegen seiner negativen Haltung gegen den KKK auch Druck auf den Präsidenten, ihn als Justizminister abzulösen. Nach seinem Rücktritt zog er sich völlig aus dem politischen Leben zurück und war bis zu seinem Tod als Rechtsanwalt tätig. Sein Sohn Alexander war ebenfalls Bundesstaatsanwalt für den Be­zirk von Georgia sowie Richter an einem Bundesbezirksgericht (vgl. wikipedia: Stichwort Amos T. Akerman, Abruf v. 5.3.2017).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Akerman, Amos T.: Papers; University of Virginia

- **Akerman, Amos T.: Letter to Charles Sumner, 2.4.1869; in: Sumner Papers, Congressional Globe, 42d Congress, 1st Session, 850

- Foner: Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 454, 457-58, 556

- **McFeely, William S.: „Amos T. Akerman: The Lawyer and Radical Justice,“ in: Kousser and McPherson (eds.): Region, Race, and Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 396-404

 

 

Alban, James S.:

US-Col; Col 18th Wisconsin Infantry; im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh gehörte die 16th Wisconsin Infantry zur 2nd Brigade Col Madison Miller 6th Division BrigGen Benjamin M. *Prentiss in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 320; aA Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh; in: B&L I 539). Das Regiment traf erst am 5.4.1862 in Pittsburg Landing ein (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 153).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Quiner, E. B.: Military History of Wisconsin: A Record of the Civil and Military Patriotism in the War of Union, a.a.O., S. 656 ff

 

 

Alber, Frederick (D):

US-Pvt; Co. A, 17th Regiment Michigan Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers 545 Roll 1).

 

28.6.1838 Germany - † 1.9.1913 beerd. Oregon Township Cemetery in Lapeer County / Michigan; US Pvt 17th Michigan Infantry: Erhielt die Medal of Honor during the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House: Bravely rescued Lt. Charles H. Todd of his regiment who had been captured by a party of Confederates by shooting down one, knocking over another with the butt of his musket, and taking them both prisoners.

 

 

Albers, John (D):

CS-Pvt; Co. G, 5th Regiment Louisiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M378 Roll 1).

 

Enlisted June 4th, 1861, Camp Moore, La. Present on All Rolls to Aug., 1862. Roll for Sept. and Oct., 1862, "Present, Apptd. 3rd Corp. Oct. 1st, 1862." Rolls from Nov., 1862, to Dec., 1863, state "Present." Roll for Jan. and Feb., 1864, "Transferred. to the Navy." Roll for May 1st to Aug. 31st, 1864, Present or Absent Not Stated. Record Copied from Memorial Hall, New Orleans, La., by the War Dept., Washington, D. C., May, 1903, "Born, Germany; Occupation, Sailor; Age when Enlisted, 29; Single. Transferred. to Navy March 25th, 1864 (vgl. http://laahgp.genealogyvillage.com/MilitaryIndex/louisianasoldiersa1.html, Abruf vom 3.6.2016).

 

 

Albert, Allen D.:

US-Pvt; Co D, 45th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 1).

 

Following service in South Carolina, they went on to fight at Antietam, Fredericksburg, Vicksburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Albert, Allen D.: History of the Forty-Fifth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry 1861-1865 (Williamsport 1912); 1st Edition, 530 pp, Photos, Rosters

 

 

Albert, Anselm (D):

US-Col; zunächst Captain, dann LtCol Co. A, 3rd Regiment Missouri Infantry (3 Months, 1861) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M390 Roll 1).

 

LtCol 3rd Missouri Infantry Regiment als Nachfolger Hassendeubel's; gefangen im Battle von Wilson's Creek, als er zusammen mit Sigel flüchtete. Wurde ausgetauscht; später Col. Im Battle von Pea Ridge/Arkansas. Danach Stabschef von Gen. Frémont's. Mit die­sem Teilnahme in der Shenandoah Campaign 1862. Als Frémont von Sigel abgelöst wurde, trat Albert zurück, erhielt aber spä­ter wie­der ein Kommando, wurde schwer verwundet und mußte seinen Abschied nehmen (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im Amerika­nischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 478).

 

Er kämpfte in dem ungarischen Patriotenheer unter Görgey und führte eine der vier Sturmkolonnen, die Ofen eroberten (vgl. Kauf­mann: Deutsche im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 478).

 

 

Albert, Christian:

US-Pvt; Co. M, 2nd Regiment New York Heavy Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 1); später Co. M, 9th Regiment New York Heavy Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 1).

 

 

Albert, Christian:

US-Pvt; Co. D, 52nd Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 1).

 

 

Albert, Christian:

US-Pvt; Co. F&G, 47th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 1; dort als 'Christ' Albert genannt)

 

Albert erhielt am 10.8.1895 für seinen Einsatz vor Vicksburg am 22.5.1863 die Medal of Honor: Gallantry in the charge of the „volunteer storming party“ (vgl. National Park Soldiers: Medal of Honor)

 

 

Albrecht, Hermann:

US-Pvt; Co. I, 37th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 1).

 

 

Albright, Henry Clay:

13.7.1842 - † gef. 27.10.1864 Winder Hospital, Richmond/VA (vgl. htt2p://www.lookingbackwards.net/genealogy); CS-Captain; Co. G, 26th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 1); Albright trat 1861 bei der Aufstellung des Regi­ments als Lieutenant (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 1) bei den Chatham Boys (Co. E) ein (vgl. Bragg: Covered with Glory, a.a.O., S. 7).

 

Captain Henry C. Albright was wounded in the head in the Battle of Squirrel Level near Petersburg vom 30.9.1864 and died in Win­der Hospital 27 days later. His hat still bears the bullet holes and blood (vgl. http://www.lookingbackwards.net/genealogy).

 

Sohn von William Albright (1.10.1791 - † 17.10.1856 Chatham County/NC) und (°° 5.2.1816 Orange/NC) der Louisa Wood Albright (27.4.1798 - † 17.9.1860 Pleasent Hill Church Cemetery, Alamance County, North Carolina); Bruder von Dr. Durant Hatch Albright (vgl. http://www.lookingbackwards.net/ genealogy).

 

Photo:

- Albright, Henry Clay: Grabstein Pleasant Hill Church Church Cemetery, Pleasant Hill, Alamance County/NC (http://www.findagra­ve.com): interessant ist der Zeichen der Freimaurer

- McGee, David H.: 26th North Carolina Regimental History, a.a.O., S. 59

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Albright, Henry C.: Diary, North Carolina State Department of Archives and History

- **Albright, Henry C.: Papers; Greensboro Historical Museum

- **Albright, Henry C: Diary, n.d., Albright Papers North Carolina Division of Archives and History, Raleigh

- **Albright, Henry C.: Letter to his Sister, 10.8.1861, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah

- **Hess: Lee's Tar Heels, a.a.O., S. 6, 18, 20-22, 27, 29, 117, 150, 156-57, 180, 205, 207, 211, 221, 230, 234, 267

 

 

Alburtis, Ephraim G.:

CS-Captain; Batteriechef der Artillery Battery Alburtis; führte die Artillery in *Bartow's Brigade; die Brigade wurde aufgestellt im Juni 1861 und eingesetzt im Shenandoah Valley in Joseph E. *Johnston’s Army in Winchester; Brigadekommandeur war Col. Fran­cis S. *Bartow; die Brigade umfaßte die 7th, 8th, 9th Georgia Infantry, 1st Kentucky Infantry und die Battery von Captain Ephraim G. Alburtis (vgl. Davis: Battle of Bull Run, a.a.O., S. 83).

 

 

Alcorn, James Lusk:

near Golcond / Illinois - December 19, 1894 (aged 78) Friars Point, Mississippi.

 

CS-BrigGen (Mississippi State Troops; vgl. Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 17); Alcorn war Plantagenbesitzer in Missis­sippi; nach kurzer Dienstzeit bei den Mississippi State Troops zog er sich auf seine Plantage zurück; er war sehr eigennützig, schmug­gelte Baumwolle nach Norden in die USA, machte hierbei große Gewinne, die er in Landkäufe und in US-Währung anlegte; in der Nachkriegszeit von März 1870 – 30.11.1871 Governor von Mississippi (vgl. Fomer: Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 14; http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Lusk_Alcorn) und vom 1.12.1871 – 4.3.1877 US-Senator (vgl. http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ James_ Lusk_Alcorn)

 

Born near Golconda, Illinois, to a Scots-Irish family, he attended Cumberland College in Kentucky and served as deputy she­riff of Livingston County, Kentucky, from 1839 to 1844. He served in the Kentucky House of Representatives in 1843 before moving to Mississippi. In 1844, he set up a law practice in Panola County, Mississippi. As his law practice flourished and his property hol­dings throughout the Mississippi Delta increased, he became a wealthy man. By 1860, he owned nearly a hundred slaves and held lands valued at a quarter of a million dollars. He was a leader of the Whig Party. He served in the Mississippi House of Representatives and Mississippi Senate during the 1840s and 1850s. He ran for Congress in 1856 but was defeated. (vgl. http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ James_ Lusk_Alcorn)

As a delegate to the Mississippi convention of 1851, called by Democratic Governor John A. Quitman to build momentum for secession, Alcorn helped defeat that movement. Like many Whig planters, Alcorn initially opposed secession, pleading with the extremists to reflect for a moment on the realities of regional power. He foretold a horrific picture of a beaten South, "when the nor­thern soldier would tread her cotton fields, when the slave should be made free and the proud Southerner stricken to the dust in his presence." (vgl. http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ James_ Lusk_Alcorn).

When secession passed, Alcorn cast his lot with the Confederacy and was selected as a brigadier general by the state. During the American Civil War, he was in uniform for about 18 months of inconspicuous service, mainly in raising troops and in garrison duty. He was taken prisoner in Arkansas in 1862, was paroled late in the year, and returned to his plantation. In 1863, he was elected to the Mississippi state legislature. Alcorn lost both his sons, James Alcorn, Jr., and Henry Alcorn, to the war. J. L. Alcorn Jr. commit­ted suicide in 1879 after returning home from the war partially deaf and a drunk (most likely due to what today would be diagnosed as PTSD).The monument on the "Mound," the location of the family cemetery at Alcorn's plantation, attributes James Lusk Alcorn, Jr's death to the „insane war of rebellion“ (undoubtedly Alcorn's words). Alcorn had a statue made of himself, and after his death it was put on the mound, on his grave. Henry "Hal" Alcorn ran away against his father's wishes during the war to join the military, fell sick, was left behind, and captured. He made his way to Richmond after the surrender and some family friends tried to help him get home, but he died on the way of typhoid fever. Alcorn managed to maintain his wealth during the Civil War by trading cotton with the North. After the war, he was estimated to be among the fifty wealthiest men in the New South (vgl. http:// en. wikipedia.org/wiki/ James_ Lusk_Alcorn).

 

He was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1865, but, like all Southerners, was not allowed to take a seat as Congress was pondering Re­construction. He supported suffrage for Freedmen and endorsed the Fourteenth Amendment. Alcorn became the leader of the Scala­wags, who comprised about a fourth of the Republican Party officials in the state, in coalition with carpetbaggers, African-Americans who had been free before the outbreak of the civil war and Freedmen. Mississippi had a majority of African-Americans, the over­whelming majority of whom were Freedmen, who at this point had no desire to vote for the Democratic Party which would have not welcomed them anyway, thus the majority of votes for the Republican candidates came from African-Americans even though the ma­jority of Republican office holders were whites. James Alcorn was elected by the Republicans as governor in 1869, serving, as Go­vernor of Mississippi from 1870 to 1871. As a modernizer, he appointed many like-minded former Whigs, even if they were now De­mocrats. He strongly supported education, including public schools for blacks only, and a new college for them, now known as Al­corn State University. He maneuvered to make his ally, Hiram Revels, its president. Radical Republicans opposed Alcorn, angry at his patronage policy. One complained that Alcorn's policy was to see "the old civilization of the South modernized" rather than lead a total political, social and economic revolution (vgl. http:// en. wikipedia.org/wiki/ James_ Lusk_Alcorn).

 

Alcorn resigned the governorship to become a U.S. Senator (1871–1877), replacing his ally Hiram Revels, the first African American senator. Senator Alcorn urged the removal of the political disabilities of white southerners and rejected Radical Republican proposals to enforce social equality by federal legislation; he denounced the federal cotton tax as robbery, and defended separate schools for both races in Mississippi. Although a former slaveholder, he characterized slavery as "a cancer upon the body of the Nation" and ex­pressed the gratification which he and many other Southerners felt over its destruction. Alcorn led a furious political battle with Sena­tor Adelbert Ames, the carpetbagger who led the other faction of the Republican Party in Mississippi. The fight ripped apart the Re­publican Party. In 1873, they both sought a decision by running for governor. Ames was supported by the Radicals and most African Americans, while Alcorn won the votes of conservative whites and most of the scalawags. Ames won by a vote of 69,870 to 50,490. During the Reconstruction era, Alcorn was an advocate of modernizing the South. Although a believer in white supremacy, he sup­ported civil and political rights for African-Americans. In a letter to his wife (Amelia Alcorn, née Glover, of Rosemount Plantation in southern Alabama), he states that Southerners must make the Negro their friend or "the path ahead will be red with blood and damp with tears." Alcorn was the founder of the Mississippi levee system, and was instrumental in their rebuilding after the Civil War. Af­ter his retirement from politics, he was active in levee affairs and was a delegate to the Mississippi constitutional convention of 1890, in which he supported the black disenfranchisement clause of the new constitution. He was twice married: in 1839 to Mary C. Ste­wart of Kentucky, who died in 1849; and in 1850 to Amelia Walton Glover of Alabama. In his later life, Alcorn practiced law in Fri­ars Point, Mississippi and lived quietly at his plantation, Eagle's Nest, in Coahoma County, Mississippi, until his death and interment in the family cemetery on his estate in 1894 (vgl. http:// en. wikipedia.org/wiki/ James_ Lusk_Alcorn).

 

Photo:

- Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 17

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Alcorn, James Lusk: Papers (Southern Historical Collection,University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill)

- **Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 17

 

 

Alden, James:

US-Navy Commander (vgl. Welles: Diary, a.a.O., vol. I, S. 43); zu seiner Charakterisierung (vgl. Welles: Diary, a.a.O., vol. I, S. 44).

 

 

Aldrich, A. P.:

CS-LtCol; im Sommer 1861 während der Manassas Campaign gehörte Aldrich zum Stab Beauregard's (vgl. Davis: Battle of Bull Run, a.a.O., S. 55).

 

Aldrich war persönlich sehr jähzornig (vgl. Davis: Battle of Bull Run, a.a.O., S. 55; *Aldrich, A. P.: Letter vom 23.6.1861 am Mattie Aldrich; in: Bonham Papers, South Caroliniana Library, a.a.O.).

 

 

Aldrich, Thomas M.:

US-Pvt; Battery A, 1st Regiment Rhode Island Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M555 Roll 1).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Aldrich, Thomas M.: History of Battery A, First Regiment Rhode Island Light Artillery in the War to Preserve the Union, 1681-1865 (Providence, R.I.: Snow Farnham, 1904)

 

 

Aleshire, Charles C.:

US Captain; Batteriechef von Aleshire's Battery (18th Battery Ohio Light Artillery), Coburn's Brigade (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Co­burn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 52, 63). Teilnahme am Battle of Thompson's Station / Tennessee am 5.3.1863. Aleshire meldete während der Schlacht, beim CS-Angriff auf den linken US-Flügel, fehlerhaft, seine Geschütze seien ohne Munition, dann zog er seine Batterie ohne Befehl zurück und ließ die 19th Michigan Infantry ohne Artillerieschutz (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 63). Aleshire's Battery war im April 1863 in Teilen eingesetzt in *Fort Granger / Tennessee (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 103).

 

 

Alexander, Betty Mason:

Ehefrau von Edward Alexander *Porter (vgl. Gallagher; Introduction zu Porter: Fighting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. xvi); gestor­ben 20.11.1899 (vgl. Gallagher, a.a.O., S. xix).

 

 

Alexander, Edward Porter:

CS-BrigGen; 1835-1910; aus Washington / Georgia; Sohn von Adam Leopold Alexander und Sarah Hillhouse Gilbert; durch die Ehe seiner Eltern entstand ein bedeutender Seabord und Upcounty Clan (vgl. Gallagher: Anm. zu: Alexander: Fighting for the Confedera­cy, a.a.O., S. 4 und Anm. 4 S. 556); seine Schwäger waren CS-BrigGen Alexander Robert Lawton und CS-MajGen Jeremy Francis Gilmer; West Point (durch Vermittlung des Nachbarn und Parlamentsabgeordneten Robert A. *Toombs), graduated 1857 (3/38); nach Einsatz im Utah Territorium war Alexander 1859/60 Asst. Instructor of Engineering unter Prof. Mahan in West Point (vgl. Alex­ander: Fighting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 4); 1859 bei der Entwicklung eines transportablen Telegraphen-Apparats für die Army von Albert James Myer (vgl. Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 13, 37) als Assistent eingesetzt.

 

Nach der Sezession Georgias schied Alexander im Februar 1861 als First Lieutenant aus der US-Army aus und schloß sich als Cap­tain of Engineers der CSA am 1.7.1861 an; ab Ende Juni 1861 Captain und Chief Signal Officer im Stab Beauregard's; Teilnahme 1st Manassas am 21.7.1861 (vgl. Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 38; Gallagher, Gary W.: Introduction zu: Alexander: Military Memoirs, a.a.O., S. xx); Beauregard lobte Alexander's "Gusskokille management" des Signal Corps (OR, ser I., vol. 2:446). Von Sommer 1861 bis zum Ende der Maryland Campaign 1862 hatte Alexander den Posten des Chief Signal Officer und des Chief of Ordnance unter Beauregard, Joseph E. Johnston, und Robert E. Lee inne und war für die Versorgung der Army of Northern Virginia während der Peninsular Campaign, Seven Days, Second Manassas und Sharpsburg / Antietam verantwortlich. Major seit 18.4.1861 und LtCol seit 17.7.1862. Kommandeur des Reserve Battalions in James Longstreet's Corps seit Herbst 1862, bestehend aus 6 Batte­ries mit 26 Kanonen (vgl. Alexander, Edward Porter: Military Memoirs of a Confederate, a.a.O., S. 280, 281). Beförderung zum Col am 3.3.1863. Alexander kommandierte in Gettysburg als Colonel ein Battalion Artillerie in Longstreet's 1st Army Corps und übte faktisch die Position von Longstreet's taktischem Artilleriekommandeur aus, obwohl nominell die Artillerie von Longstreet's Corps Col. John B. *Walton unterstand; in dieser Funktion war er für die Ausschaltung der US-Artillerie während Pickett's Charge am 3.7.1863 verantwortlich (vgl. Longacre: Pickett, a.a.O., S. 119-121; Longstreet: Lee's Right Wing at Gettysburg; in Battles and Lea­ders Vol III S. 343; (Gallagher, Gary W.: Introduction zu: Alexander: Military Memoirs, a.a.O., S. xxi). Offensichtlich war Walton als Chief of Artillery of Longstreet's Corps von Longstreet nicht geschätzt, weshalb er in der Schlacht von Gettysburg durch E. P. Alex­ander ersetzt wurde, der auf Befehl Longstreet's an Stelle Walton's die Artillerie während Pickett's Charge befehligte (vgl. Stewart: Pickett's Charge, a.a.O., S. 2; Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 235). Diese für alle Beteiligten unbefriedigenden Kommandoverhältnisse endeten erst am 18.4.1864 mit der Beförderung Alexander's zum BrigGen und der Ablösung von Walton (Gallagher, Gary W.: Introduction zu: Alexander: Military Memoirs, a.a.O., S. xxi; die diesbezügliche Nachkriegskorrespondenz zwi­schen Longstreet und seinem Freund Walton ist veröffentlicht bei Southern Historical Society Papers, vol 5:47-53).

 

Alexander war ein selbständiger und wohl auch unbequemer Untergebener. Porter (Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 167) schildert eine Diskussion mit Lee, der Alexander's Artilleriestellungen um Marye's Heights kritisierte, die nach Lee's Ansicht wei­ter hinten postiert werden sollten. Alexander und Capt. Samuel *Johnston hatten, um einen Einsatz auf kurze Entfernung auf die "Sunken Road" zu ermöglichen, die Stellungen vorne am Abbruch des Hügels vorbereitet. Lee's Befehl hätte zur Folge gehabt, daß die dort eingesetzte Artillerie im Zentrum von Burnside's härtestem Angriff zwischen Fredericksburg und der "Sunken Road" man­gels Schuß­feld auf den entscheidenden Frontabschnitt nicht zum Einsatz gekommen wäre. Da Alexander den Befehl verweigerte und die Artillerie in den Stellungen vorne beließ, konnte diese im Zentrum der Kämpfe entscheidend eingreifen (Alexander, a.a.O., S. 168).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Alexander, Edward Porter : Fighting for the Confederacy (Anm. zum Buchtitel: Alexander be­zeichnete sein Werk auf der ersten Seite des Manuskripts mit "Personal Recollections...", dann strich er den Arbeitstitel durch und er­setzte diesen durch "Fighting for the Confederacy" [vgl. Gallagher (ed.); in Alexander, a.a.O., Anm. 7 S. 554]; Alexander schrieb die Aufzeichnungen während seines Aufenthalts als amerikanischer Gesandter in Greytown, Nicaragua 1897-99. Die Aufzeichnungen waren nur für die eigene Familie und nicht für eine Veröffentlichung bestimmt (vgl. Gallagher, Gary W.: Introduction zu: Alexander: Military Memoirs, a.a.O., S. xxii; Edward Porter Alexander to Louise Alexander Gilmer, July 2, October 2, 1899, folder 4, Minis Fa­mily Papers, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina). Das Manu­skript wurde mehrere Jahre vor "Military Memoirs of a Confederate" geschrieben und wurde erst nach ca 80 Jahren entdeckt [Gal­lagher, Introduction zu Alexander: Fighting, a.a.O., S. xiv]); zu den Unterschieden zwischen "Fighting for the Confederacy" und "Mi­litary Memoirs" vgl. Gallagher, Introduction zu Alexander: Fighting, a.a.O., S. xx; Gallagher: Introduction zu "Military Memoirs", a.a.O., S. xxiii). Eine kritische Betrachtung des Greytown Manuskripts über die Aufzeichnungen und die Tendenz der Historiker zur Vermischung mit Kapiteln aus "Military Memoirs" befindet sich bei Gallagher, Introduction zu Alexander: Fighting, a.a.O., S. xiii-x­xiii

- **Alexander, Edward Porter: Military Memoirs of a Confederate: A Critical Narrative (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1907; Re­print Da Capo Press, 1993). Das Werk basiert auf dem Greytown Manuskript (veröffentlicht als "Figh­ting for the Confederacy") und wurde von Alexander nach dem Tod seiner Frau 1899 begonnen. Das Werk unterscheidet sich in mehrfacher Hinsicht von den Ausgangsaufzeichnungen: es sind alle persönlichen Anekdoten verschwunden, Alexander reduziert kritische Bemerkungen zu Freunden und Feinden und fügt Kapitel über Kampagnen an, an denen er selbst nicht teilnahm. Insgesamt entfernt Alexander ein Drittel des Ausgangsmaterials (vgl. Gallagher: Introduction zu Alexander: "Military Memoirs", a.a.O., S. xxii­i-xxiv). Das Buch ist eines der besten und unparteilichsten unter den Veröffentlichungen der Kriegsveteranen. Douglas Freeman stützte sich bei seinen Werken über Robert E. Lee weitgehend auf Alexander (vgl. Gallagher, Introduction zu Alexander: "Military Memoirs", a.a.O., S. xxiv). Repräsentative Kommentierungen enthalten auch: Williams, Harry T.: Introduction zum Reprint der Aus­gabe der Indiana University Press der "Military Memoirs", S. xxxiv - xxxv sowie Robertson, James I. jr.: "The War in Words," Civil War Times Illustrated 14 (October 1975), S. 44

- **Alexander, Edward Porter: The Great Charge and Artillery Fighting at Gettysburg; in: Battles and Leaders Vol. III S. 357-368

- **Alexander, Edward Porter: "Longstreet at Knoxville"; in: Battles & Leaders, vol. III, S. 357-68 und 745-51

- **Alexander, Edward Porter: Papers, in: Southern Historical Collection, Chapel Hill (vgl. Gallagher: Introduction zu Porter: "Fighting for the Confederacy", a.a.O., S. 555 Anm. 18)

- **Alexander, Edward Porter: "The 'Seven Days Battles'"; Southern Historical Society Papers vol. 1: 61-76

- **Alexander, Edward Porter: "Letter from General E. P. Alexander"; Southern Historical Society Papers 4 (1877), S. 97-110

- **Alexander, Edward Porter: "Sketch of Longstreet's Division. Winter of 1861-62"; Southern Historical Society Papers vol. 9: 512-518

- **Alexander, Edward Porter: "Sketch of Longstreet's Division. Yorktown and Williamsburg"; Southern Historical Society Papers vol. 10: 32-45

- Alexander, Edward Porter (1835-1910) Gen., CSA Papers, 1854-65. 15 items. Library of Congress, Civil War Manuscripts, Washington DC In part, transcripts. Copy of Alexander's "Personal Recollections of Knoxville Campaign," notes exchanged with General Longstreet during the Battle of Gettysburg, copies of notes from Alexander to General Pickett at Gettysburg, and part of Gen. R. E. Lee's pocket map showing an area along the lower James River.

- **Alexander, Edward Porter: "The Battle of Fredericksburg. Paper No. 1"; Southern Historical Society Papers vol. 10: 382-92

- **Alexander, Edward Porter: "The Battle of Fredericksburg. Paper No. 2 (Conclusion)"; Southern Historical Society Papers vol. 10: 445-64

- **Alexander, Edward Porter: "Confederate Artillery Service""; Southern Historical Society Papers vol. 11: 98-113

- **Alexander, Edward Porter: Report Battle of Fredericksburg; OR 21:575-577

- **Alexander, Edward Porter: "The Great Charge and Artillery Fighting at Gettysburg"; in B & L, vol. 3, S. 357-68

- **Alexander, Edward Porter: "Battle of Gettysburg," Manuscript, E. P. Alexander Papers, Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina Library

- **Boggs, Marion Alexander (ed.): The Alexander Letters 1787-1900 (reprint, Athens, GA., 1990)

- **Compiled Service Records of Confederate General and Staff Officers and Nonregimented Enlisted Men, M 331, Roll 2, National Archives, Washington, DC (enthält die Informationen über Alexander's Promotion in der CS-Army)

- **Heitman, Francis B.: Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army, From its Organization, September 29, 1789 to March 2, 1903, 2 vols (1903, reprint ed., Urbana, Ill.: University of Illinois Press, 1965), vol 1: 156 (enthält die Beförderungsdaten und Informationen über Alexander's Karriere in der US-Army bis Kriegsausbruch)

- **Klein, Maury: "Edward Porter Alexander" (Athens, GA., 1971) - einzige wissenschaftliche Biographie über Porter (vgl. Gallagher, Introduction zu: Porter, "Fighting for the Confederacy", a.a.O., S. xiv; Anm. Klein's Vermutungen zur Entstehungsgeschichte des lite­rarischen Werkes von Porter sind überholt; vgl. zum neusten Forschungsstand dagegen: Gallagher; in Alexander, a.a.O., S. xxi)

- **Murray, R. L.: E.P. Alexander and the Artillery Action in the Peach Orchard: A Tactical Overview of the Artillery Action Near the Peach Orchard at Gettysburg on July 2, 1863 (Wolcott, NY: Benedum Books, 2000)

- **Robertson, James I. jr.: "The War in Words", Civil War Times Illustrated 14 (Oct. 1945, S. 44 (zur Geschichte der Manuskripte Alexander's; vgl. zum neusten Forschungsstand dagegen: Gallagher; in Alexander: Fighting, a.a.O., S. xxi)

- **Wise, Jennings C.: The Long Arm of Lee, or, The History of the Artillery of the Army of Northern Virginia, With a Brief Account of the Confederate Bureau of Ordnance, 2 vols (1915; reprint ed., Richmond, Va.: Owens Publishing Company, 1988)

 

 

Alexander, F. H.:

CS-Pvt; Co. C, 17th Regiment Texas Infantry (Allen's) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M227 Roll 1)

 

 

Alexander, Geo D.:

CS-Captain; 3rd Arkansas Infantry; verwundet und verlor seinen Arm beim Versuch des 3rd Arkansas, am 4.1.1862 während Jack­son's Angriff auf Bath und Romney die Eisenbahnbrücke der Baltimore & Ohio Railroad über den Big Cacaron River nordwestlich von Bath zu zerstören (vgl. OR 5: 392; Karte bei Davis Nr. 82.3 und bei Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 70).

 

 

Alexander, Henrie H.:

CS-First Sergeant; Co. C, 22nd Regiment Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 1).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Alexander, Henrie H.: Letter, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Blacksburg, Virginia, resident and a Confederate lieutenant in the 22nd Virginia Re­giment. Letter from Alexander from Blacksburg, to Captain W.G. Price in Wytheville, Virginia, June 10, 1862, about a recent skir­mish with the Union soldiers at Salt Sulphur Springs, Virginia (now West Virginia). (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collecti­ons: Civil War guide - Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Librari­es Ms 60-002)

 

 

Alexander, James Hillhouse:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 9th Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 1); auch Pvt Co. C, 11th Battalion Georgia Artillery (Sumter Artillery) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 1).

 

9th Georgia Infantry; Bruder von Edward Porter Alexander (vgl. Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 37)

 

 

Alexander, James T.:

CS-Captain; Co. C, 4th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 1); Captain Alexander war bereits an der Aufstellung des Regiments im September 1862 beteiligt (vgl. Mosgrove: Kentucky Cavaliers in Dixie, a.a.O., S. 16).

 

 

Alexander, James Simpson:

CS-Pvt; Co. D, 22th Regiment South Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M381 Roll 1).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Alexander, James Simpson: Papers; Auburn University, Montgomery/Alabama, Special Collections & Archives RG 926

 

 

Alexander, Julius H.:

US-Captain; 7th Kentucky Cavalry; im Juni 1863 war Alexander Provost Marshal in Franklin / Tennessee (Welcher / Ligget: Co­burn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 117; OR 23, vol. II, S. 425).

 

 

Alexander, John W. S.:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 21st Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. Catton, Grant moves South, a.a.O., S. 4), dagegen nach a.A. LtCol 31st Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 1 ).

 

kia Battle of Chickamauga 1863 (vgl. Catton, Grant moves South, a.a.O., S. 4)

 

 

Alexander, William Felix:

Bruder von Edward Porter *Alexander; 1861 Privatsekretär vom Robert *Toombs (vgl. Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 37)

 

 

Allabach, Charles H.:

US-Pvt and Musician, 33rd Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment, Co. G

 

 

Allabach, Charles H.:

US-Pvt and Musician, 54th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment, Co L, E

 

 

Allabach, Edward W.:

US-Pvt 52nd Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment Co A

 

 

Allabach, H. J.:

US-Pvt 5th Pennsylvania Cavalry Regiment (65th Pennsylvania Infantry) Co C

 

 

Allabach, Henry:

US-Corporal 32nd Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment Co. H

 

 

Allabach, Henry J.:

US-Musician First Class Brigade Band (Davis' Brigade)

 

 

Allabach, Jakob:

US-Corporal 24th Regiment Veteran Reserve Corps (US-Troops)

 

 

Allabach, Peter:

US-Sergeant; Co. A, 52nd Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 1).

 

 

Allabach, Peter:

US-Pvt; Co. D, 99th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 1).

 

 

Allabach, Peter Hollingshead:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 131st Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 1).

 

9.9.1824 Wilkes-Barre/Pennsylvania - † 11.2.1892; US-Col; US-Berufsoffizier; Mexico-Veteran, 3rd US-Infantry; im Bürgerkrieg Regimentskommandeur 131st Pennsylvania Infantry. Das Regiment gehörte seit Frühjahr 1862 zur Brigade von BrigGen Henry Shaw Briggs, und seit Herbst 1862 zur Division von Brig­Gen Andrew Atchinson Humphreys; Teilnahme am Angriff auf den Stone­wall im Battle von Fredericksburg (vgl. Gallagher u.a.: Fre­dericksburg, a.a.O., S. 84). Da der Brigadekommandeur Briggs auf grund einer Verwundung im Battle of Fair Oaks schwer verwun­det worden war, führte Col Allabach die Brigade im Battle von Fredericks­burg (vgl. Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 84).

 

Photo:

- Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 84

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Hill, S. W.: „Allabach‘s Brigade. It Went as Near as Any Others to the Deadly Wall at Fredericksburg,“ National Tribune, April 16, 1908

- OR I 21: 448 (Allabach's Report of the Battle of Fredericksburg)

 

 

Allams, Henry C.:

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Allams, Henry C.: Letters and Unpublished Manuscript (Photocopy at Western Illinois University Library, Macomb)

 

 

Allan, William:

CS-Col; 1863 Chief of Ordnance in Ewell's II Army Corps Lee's Army of Northern Virginia (vgl. Coddington: Gettysburg Campaign, a.a.O., S. 14, 253)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Allan, William: Reminiscenses of Field Ordnance Service, Southern Historical Society Papers, XIV, S. 141

- **Allan, William: The Army of Northern Virginia in 1862 (Boston, 1892)

- **Allan, William: „Confederate Artillery at Second Manassas and Sharpsburg“; in Southern Historical Society Papers 11, no. 7 (July 1883), S. 289-91

- **Allan, William: Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign (reprint 1995)

 

 

Allebaugh, William:

US-LtCol; Co. C, 51st Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 2). Der damalige Captain Allebaugh war am 17.9.1862 im Battle of Antietam an der Lower Bridge (Burnside Bridge) eingesetzt und überquerte zusammen mit First Sergeant William *Thomas und 3 Fahnenträgern, trotz starken feindlichen Feuers die Lower Bridge (Burnside Bridge), als erste Soldaten des Regiments und pflanzten die Regimentsfahne auf dem westlichen Ufer des Antietam Creek auf (vgl. Priest: Antietam, a.a.O., S. 239).

 

 

Allen, Abner P.:

US-Corporal; Co. K, 39th Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 1).

 

9.10.1839 Woodford County / Illinois - † 22.8.1905 Centerburg / Ohio; US-Corporal, 39th Illinois Infantry Regiment, Co. K; Eintritt in die Army Januar 1864 bis zur Auflösung des Regiments am 6.12.1865; er hielt die Medal of Honor für seinen Einsatz beim Angriff auf Fort Gregg am 2.4.1865 unter schwerem Feuer, he was at the front as the color bearer. At the surrender ceremony at Appomattox Courthouse a week later, Allen was given the honor of carrying Illinois' flag. He later traveled to Washington, D.C.with General Gib­bon and 76 captured Confederate colors. He received his medal there from Secretary of War Edwin Stanton (vgl. http:// en.wikipe­dia.org/wiki/Abner_P._Allen, Abruf vom 1.9.2016).

 

 

Allen, Alfred:

US-2ndLt; Co. D, 9th Regiment Indiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 1).

 

Documents/Literature::

Allen, Alfred: „The 9th Indiana at Shiloh.“ National Tribune, November 2, 1922

 

 

Allen, Amory K.:

US-1stLt; Co. B, 20th Regiment Indiana Infantry; Allen mustered in as First Sergeant (vgl. National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 1).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Allen, Amory K.: „The Civil War Letters of Amory K. Allen“; Indiana Magazine of History 31 (1935): 338-386

 

 

Allen, Benjamin:

US-Col; 16th Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 147). Im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh gehörte die 16th Wisconsin Infantry zur 1st Brigade Col Everett *Peabody 6th Division BrigGen Benjamin M. *Prentiss in Grant’s Army of the Ten­nessee; Co A (Captain Saxe) war am Morgen des 6.4.1862 in der Picket Line eingesetzt (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 147).

 

 

Allen, Charles J.:

US-Major; zunächst Pvt, Co. F, 4th Regiment Minnesota Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers 546 Roll 1); später Major, Corps of Engineers (vgl. Allen: Some Account, a.a.O., S. 54).

 

Als 1stLt, US-Corps of Engineers war Allen 1864 eingesetzt bei Fort Gaines, Allen was in Charge of works in the repair of Fort Gaines. Later Allen was placed in Charge of the planned work (vgl. Bisbee, John [ed.]: Captaining the Corps d'Afrique. The Civil War Letters of [Captain] John Newton Chamberlin [McFarland & Company: Jefferson / North Carolina, 2016], S. 184n13)

 

He graduated from the US-Military Academy West Point 1864, was commissioned 1stLt am 13.6.1864, and advanced through the grades to LtCol, US-Army, 5.2.1897 and to BrigGen 22.1. 1904. During the Civil War he served in the Division of West Mississippi and the Department of Louisiana. He was in Charge of the defense of Natchez, acting chief engineer 16th Army Corps at Siege of Spanish Fort/Alabama, and as Chief Engineer, Army of Observation on the Rio Grande/Texas, June-August 1865 (vgl. Arlington National Cemetery Webside, Abruf v. 2.4.2017).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Allen, Charles Julius: Personal reminiscences and autobiographical writings; in: Allen Family Papers, 1865-1965. ca. 300 items; Library of Congress, Civil War Manuscripts, Washington DC. Includes personal reminiscences and autobiographical writings of Lt. Charles Julius Allen (1840-1915) describing life at the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, during the war, troop travel on the Mississippi River, conditions in New Orleans, La., under the military governorship of Gen. Edward Canby, the capture of Fort Gaines, Ala., the Siege of Mobile, particularly the attack on Spanish Fort, and an expedition to Texas after the surrender of Gen. R. E. Lee's army. Also contains a few maps and sketches.

- **Allen Charles J. (Major, Corps of Engineers, US Army): „Some Account and Recollections of the Operations against the City of Mobile and its Defences, 1864 and 1865“; in: Glimpses of the Nation's Struggle. A Series of Papers Minnesota Commandery of the Military Legion of the United States (St. Paul, Minnesota, 1887), pp. 54-88

 

 

Allen, Edwin A.:

US-Sergeant; Co. F, 5th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 1).

 

 

Allen, E. J.:

US-Col; Regimentskommandeur 155th Pennsylvania Infantry

 

Das Regiment gehörte seit Frühjahr 1862 zur Brigade von BrigGen Henry Shaw Briggs, und seit Herbst 1862 zur Division von Brig­Gen Andrew Atchinson Humphreys; Teilnahme am Angriff auf den Stonewall im Battle von Fredericksburg (vgl. Gallagher u.a.: Fre­dericksburg, a.a.O., S. 84). Da der Brigadekommandeur Briggs auf grund einer Verwundung im Battle of Fair Oaks schwer verwun­det worden war, führte Col Allabach die Brigade im Battle von Fredericksburg (vgl. Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 84).

 

 

Allen, George H.:

US-Corporal; Co. B, 4th Regiment Rhode Island Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M555 Roll 1).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Allen, George H.: Forty-Six Month with the Forth Rhode Island Volunteers (Providence, R.I.: J. A. and R. A. Reid, 1887)

 

 

Allen, Henry:

CS-Col; 4th Louisiana Infantry, Ruggles's Brigade (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 60).

 

 

Allen, Henry:

US-LtCol; Co. F&S, 17th Regiment Connecticut Infantry; Allen trat als First Lieutenant in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Sol­diers 535 Roll 1). Last Lt. Colonel of the 17th, Henry Allen first enlisted in the 71st New York Volunteer Infantry (3 months re­giment) in 1861. One year after he was mustered out he returned home to Norwalk, CT and helped to recruit a company for the 17th, mustering in as 1st LT of Company F at the age of 20. He was wounded at Gettysburg, and became the last Lt. Colonel of the re­giment after Lt. Col. Wilcoxson's death in Florida. Allen's younger brother died in 1864  of wounds suffered at Bermuda Hundred (vgl. http://www. seventeenthcvi.org/images_fs.html).

 

Photo:

LtCol Henry Allen (vgl. http://www. seventeenthcvi.org/images_fs.html).

 

 

Allen, Henry A.:

US-Sergeant; Co. C, 11th Regiment Illinois Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M5839 Roll 1; vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 392).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Allen, Henry A. (Sergeant, 11th Illinois Cavalry): Diary, 1842-64; Memoirs on duty in Tennessee, Mississippi, n.d. Includes Allen's Civil War Diary, 1861-64, and other materials Martin Litvin (s.u.) donated after editing the book Sergeant Allen and Private Renick +++klären: wo ?+++

- **Litvin, Martin (ed.): Sergeant Allen and Private Renick: A Memoir of the Eleventh Illinois Cavalry Written by Henry Allen, and, From the Papers of Mother Bickerdyke, a Three Volume Civil War Diary for 1862, 1863, 1864. Written by John H. Renick (Gales­burg / Illinois: Wagoner Printing Co., 1971)

 

 

Allen, Henry, Watkins:

CS-BrigGen; +++ (vgl. Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 9).

 

Governor of Louisiana.

 

Documents/Literature::

- Allen, Henry Watkins (1820-1866) Gov., Louisiana Letter, 1865. 1 item. Letter from Allen to Col. John T. Sprague, May 16, 1865, Shreveport, La., concerning negotiations for peace; in: Library of Congress, Civil War Manuscripts, Washington DC

- **Cassidy, Vincent: Henry Watkins Allen of Louisiana (Baton Rouge, 1964)

 

 

Allen, James:

US-Pvt; Co. F, 16th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 2).

 

Allen erhielt am 11.9.1890 für seinen Einsatz im Battle of South Mountain/Maryland am 14.9.1862 die Medal of Honor: „Capture of flag of the 16th Georgia Infantry“ (CSA) (vgl. National Park soldiers: Medal of Honor; vgl. Priest: Battle of South mountain, a.a.O., S. 290; vgl. Beyer/&Keydel: Deeds of Valor, a.a.O., S. 73).

 

 

Allen, James W.:

CS-Col, 2nd Virginia Infantry Regiment; VMI-Class of 1849; † Battle of Gaines Mill 27.6.1862

 

 

Allen, John W.:

gefallen im Seven Days Battle 25.6.-1.7.1862; CS-Col; Regimentskommandeur 2nd Virginia Infantry; Teilnahme an Battle of Kern­stown am 23.3.1862 während Jackson's Valley Action. Die 2nd Virginia Infantry gehörte im Frühjahr 1862 zu Garnett's Brigade (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 124).

 

 

Allen, Robert:

US-BrigGen; 15.3.1811 West Point/Ohio - † 5.8.1886 Schweiz (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Allen). Im Herbst 1862 war Major Allen verantwortlicher Quartermaster-Officer im großen Depot St. Louis (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O. vol I S. 65).

 

Allen was born in tiny West Point in Columbiana County, Ohio, and was educated in the public schools. He received an appointment to the United States Military Academy and graduated in 1836, ranking 33rd out of 49 cadets. He was assigned as second lieutenant in the 2nd U.S. Artillery and assigned to garrison duty in various outposts. He saw his first combat during the Mexican-American War, where he received a brevet promotion to major for his actions at the Battle of Cerro Gordo. Allen was transferred to the Quartermaster's Department, and was eventually promoted to the chief quartermaster at Benicia, California, for the Department of the Pacific with the permanent rank of major (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Allen).

 

At the outbreak of the Civil War, Allen was reassigned to the Department of the Missouri, where he was again chief quartermaster, as well as a colonel. Becoming recognized for his efficiency, he was soon promoted to command the supplies for the entire Mississippi Valley. From his headquarters in Louisville, Kentucky, Allen supervised the Federal supplies for all the region's major campaigns, in­cluding Vicksburg and Atlanta. He was able to secure a wide variety of surplus railcars from various Northern railroads and arranged to have them ferried across the Ohio River from Jeffersonville, Indiana, and used for military purposes to transport food and supplies to the field armies along former Confederate railways. As a result of his performance, he was promoted to brigadier general and gi­ven command all quartermaster operations west of the Mississippi River, except for California. Allen ranked only be­hind Quartermaster General Montgomery C. Meigs (a fellow USMA 1836 graduate) in terms of responsibility and influence. His effi­ciency in large scale logistics helped ensure that the Federal armies in his theater of war were much better equipped and fed than their Confederate opponents. On January 16, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Allen for the award of the brevet grade of major general to rank from March 13, 1865 and the U.S. Senate confirmed the award on March 12, 1866.[1] On July 17, 1866, President Johnson nominated Allen for the award of the brevet grade of major general, U.S. Army, also to rank from March 13, 1865, and the U.S. Senate confirmed the award on July 23, 1866.[2] He was mustered out of the volunteer service on September 1, 1866 (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Allen).

 

Photo:

BrigGen Robert Allen (vgl. http://generalsandbrevets.com)

 

 

Allen, Samuel H.:

US-Col, 1st Maine Cavalry, Die 1st Maine Cavalry gehörte seit Sommer 1862 zu Pope's Army of Virginia, III. Corps McDowell, des­sen Cavalry von BrigGen George D. *Bayard kommandiert wurde (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 367). Nachdem Bayard am 7.8.1862 bei seinem Vorstoß nach Süden bei Barnett's Ford, Va. auf CS-Truppen bestehend aus Robertson's Cavalry und Ewell's Di­vision gestoßen war, wich er mit den ihn begleitenden Cavalry Troops über den Rapidan nach Norden auf Cedar Mountain aus. Am Cedar Run stellte eine Pickett Linie auf, zunächst bestehend aus Owen Jones' 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry, die bald durch Allens' 1st Maine Cavalry und Duffié's 1st Rhode Island Cavalry abgelöst wurde (vgl. Bayard's Report OR 12 [2] S. 92-93

 

 

Allen, Theodore F:

US-Captain; Co. F&S, H, 7th Regiment Ohio Cavalry; Allen trat als Lt/Adjutant in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 2).

 

Captain Allen war beteiligt an der Jagd auf John Hun *Morgan's Raiders im July 1863 (vgl. Allen, Theodore F. (US-Col): In Pursuit of John Morgan; Ohio MOLLUS Sketches of War History Vol. 5 (1903). Im November 1863 wurde Allen bei einem Gefecht mit der 4th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (CS) verwundet und gefangengenommen (vgl. Allen, Theodore F.: „Kentucky Troops in the Federal Army“; in: Confederate Veteran XVI [1908], S. 493).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Allen, Theodore F. (US-Col): In Pursuit of John Morgan; Ohio MOLLUS Sketches of War History Vol. 5 (1903)

- **Allen, Theodore F.: "Six Hundred Miles of Fried Chicken," Journal of the US Cavalry Association 12 (1899), S. 162-175

- **Allen, Theodore F.: „Kentucky Troops in the Federal Army“; in: Confederate Veteran XVI (1908), S. 493

 

 

Allen, Thomas Scott:

US-LtCol; Co. F&S, 2nd Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 1); zuvor Captain Co. I, 2nd Re­giment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 1; vgl. Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O., S. 68, 155).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Allen Thomas Scott: „Upton's Hill, VA.“, Letter, September 4, 1862, veröffentlicht Civil War Times Illustrated, November 1962, S. 32-33 (vgl. hierzu Herdegen/Beaudot: Bloody Railroad Cut, a.a.O., S. 37n23)

 

 

Allen, Ujanirtus:

CS-Captain; Co. F, 21st Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 1; dort als 'Eugene Ujanirtus' genannt

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Allen, Ujanirtus (21st Georgia Vols): Campaigning with "Old Stonewall": Confederate Captain Ujanirtus Allen's Letters to his Wife (LSU Press)352 pp; Edited by Randall Allen and Keith S. Bohannon. Battle accounts of Cross Keys, Gaines's Mill, Cedar Mountain, Antietam, and Fredericksburg. In April, 1861, Allen, fueled by pride and patriotism, joined the Ben Hill Infantry, which eventually became Company F, 21st Georgia Volunteer Infantry. He wrote his wife twice weekly, penning at least 138 letters before he received a mortal wound at Chancellorsville on May 2, 1863.

- **Allen, Ujanirtus (21st Georgia Vols): Campaigning with "Old Stonewall": Confederate Captain Ujanirtus Allen's Letters to his Wife (LSU Press, 1998)

 

 

Allen, William G.:

CS-2ndLt; Co. D, 5th Regiment Tennessee Cavalry (McKenzie's) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M231 Roll 1).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Allen, William G.: Memoirs (Confederate Collection, Tennessee State Archives. Nashville / Tennessee)

 

 

Allen, William H.:

US-Col, 1st New York Infantry; im Juli 1861 wurde gegen Allen wegen Insubordination ein Court Martial eingeleitet; Allen wurde verurteilt und unehrenhaft aus der Army entlassen (vgl. National Archives, RG 153, Records of the Judge Advocate General's Office [Army], entry 15, Court Martial Case File, file II 412; Lowry, Tarnished Eagles, a.a.O., S. 11-16).

 

Photo:

- Lowry, Tarnished Eagles, a.a.O., S. 12

 

 

Allen, William, W.:

CS-++General; ab 1861 war Allen Chief Ordnance Officer im Second Army Corps (vgl. Douglas: I rode with Stonewall, a.a.O., S. 10 und 361 Anm. 1; Coddington: Gettysburg Campaign, a.a.O., S. 602 Anm. 15). 1862 war Allen Ordnance Officer im Hauptquartier von "Stonewall" Jackson während der Shenandoah Valley Campaign (vgl. Krick: Conquering the Valley, a.a.O., S. 14). Col Allen war im Sommer 1863 während Lee's Invasion in Pennsylvania Chief of Ordnance im II Army Corps Ewell (vgl. Coddington: Gettysburg Campaign, a.a.O., S. 602n15). Allen führte vort Beginn der Campaign ein Gespräch mit Gen Lee über die Ziele der Gettysburg Cam­paign und schrieb hierüber kurz nach dem Krieg am 15.4.1868 ein Memorandum (vgl. Allen, William H.: Memorandum; abgedruckt in: Maurice, Frederick [ed.]: Lee's Aide-de-Camp, a.a.O., S. 247-252; vgl. Kegel: North with Lee and Jackson, a.a.O., S. 235).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Allen, William W.: Jackson's Valley Campaign: Adress of Col. Wm. Allen (Richmond, 1878)

- **Allen, William W.: "History of the Campaign of Gen. T. J. (Stonewall) Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia." Southern Hist­orical Society Papers 43 (1920), S. 113-294

- **Allen, William W.: History of the Campaign of Gen. T. J. Jackson in Shenandoah Valley of Virginia from Nov 4 1861 to June 17 1862 (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott 1880, original with Color Maps by Hotchkiss; reprint ed., Dayton, Ohio: Morningside, 1974)

- **Allen, William: unpublished manuscript recollections of William Allen, Allen Papers, Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina

- **Allen, William: Conversations with R. E. Lee. A handwritten notebook. Cyrus Hall McCormick Library, Washington and Lee Un­iversity, Lexington, Virginia. Transcript in the Southern Historical Collection, No. 2764, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

- **Allen, William: „Memoranda of Conversations with General Robert E. Lee.“ Lee the Soldiers, edited by Gary Gallagher +++ergänzen+++

 

 

Almstedt, Henry:

US-Col (vgl. Rosengarten: The German Soldiers, a.a.O., S. 163); Col 1st Regiment, US Reserve Corps, Missouri Infantry (3 month) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M390 Roll 1), dann Col 2nd Regiment Missouri Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M390 Roll 1) (vgl auch Rosengarten: The German Soldiers, a.a.O., S. 163). In der Nachkriegs­zeit Zahlmeister in der regulären Armee (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 478).

 

Almstedt kam von Deutschland zunächst nach Washington und wurde dort von den Armistead's (reiche aristokratische Plantagenbe­sitzer in Virginia uns Maryland) als Verwandter begrüßt. Der damalige Präsident Polk hatte eine Armistead zur Frau (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 478).

 

A native of Germany, he was one of many foreign-born St. Louisans whose prior military experience was called upon in the early days of the Civil War. He received his training in the United States, and served as a Lieutenant in the St. Louis region in 1846. The following year he entered the United States Army as a Lieutenant, serving with the 2nd and 12th United States Regular Infantry re­giments during the Mexican War (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

24.3.1817 - † 24.11.1884; beerd. Bellafontaine Cemetery, St. Louis City/MO; °° Eliza Almstedt (1832-1869) (vgl. www.findagrave. com).

 

Photo:

Col Henry Almstedt (Photo Mathew Brady; vgl. www.findagrave.com)

 

Allstrom, John V.:

auch Alstrom (vgl. Rosengarten: The German Soldiers, a.a.O., S. 163). Die Angabe bei Rosengarten, Allstrom sei Deutscher gewe­sen, erscheint zweifelhaft. Der Name deutet eher auf schwedische Herkunft.

 

US-Major; zunächst Second Lieutenant und später Captain Co G, 14th Regiment New Jersey Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M550 Roll 1); dann Major Co. F&S, 3rd Regiment New Jersey Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M550 Roll 1).

 

Allstrom was born in 1832.  A resident of the town of Shrewsbury, NJ in Monmouth County, he had become well-known locally as accomplished musician by the time of the Civil War.  When the war began, he did not enlist in the army, but formed a militia compa­ny he called the Allstrom Light Guard  (one of the company's members was Samuel T. Sleeper of Shrewsbury, who later became captain of Company I, 11th Regt., NJ Vols.  Sleeper was killed in action at Spotsylvania, May 12, 1864).  Needless to say, Allstrom was the unit's captain.  They served with the Monmouth and Ocean Brigade of the NJ Militia.  Allstrom seems to have train­ed his militiamen well.  A January 2, 1862 article in the "Monmouth Democrat" newspaper of Freehold detailing a New Year's Day militia muster in Freehold states "...we wish to call the mention of amateur soldiers to the commands of Capt's. Forman, Stagg, and Allstrom, all new companies, but all of them giving the best evidence by their performance here that officers and men alike  un­derstand their duty and live up to it." (vgl. http://3rdnjcavalry.com/AllstromJohn.html)

 

 

In July 1862, Allstrom organized and took command of Company G, 14th Regiment, NJ Vols., a company recruited entirely in Mon­mouth County.  Allstrom seems to have been eager for advancement, as the Monmouth County Historical Association's Subjects Al­phabetical Collection 98 contains a December 1862 letter from NJ Governor-elect Joel Parker to Allstrom apparently written in reply to Allstrom's request for information on what Parker's policy on promotions would be (Parker declined to comment until after he'd been inaugurated).  Allstrom served with the 14th NJ on garrison duty near Frederick, MD, protecting the Baltimore and Ohio Rail­road bridge over the Monocacy River from September 1862 to July 1863, when the 14th Reg't. was assigned to the III Corps of the Army of the Potomac. The 14th became part of the Army of the Potomac's 3rd Division, VI Corps in March 1864, but Allstrom would not remain with the 14th much longer.  His campaign for promotion paid off on May 6, 1864, when he was appointed major of the 3rd NJ Cav.  He served with the "Butterflies" until the end of the was.  Following the war, he resumed his career in music,opening up the Allstrom and Company Academy of Music in Red Bank, NJ.  The building that the Academy occupied still stands today at the southwest corner of the intersection of White and Broad Streets in Red Bank (it currently houses the Royal Box Gift Shop). Allstrom 
eventually passed his business on to his brother, Harold.  John V. Allstrom died on August 3, 1906 and was laid to rest in Glenwood Cemetery, West Long Branch, NJ.  (The Monmouth County Historical Association's Photographic Collection contains two images of Allstrom taken during his service with the 14th NJ.) (vgl. http://3rdnjcavalry.com/AllstromJohn.html).

 

21.10.1830 - † 3.8.1906 Monmouth County / New Jersey; beerd. Glenwood Cemetery, West Long Branch, NJ; °° Sophie Boye All­strom (1832-1902); aus der Ehe stammen 9 Kinder (vgl. www.findagrave.com)

 

Photo:

Major John V Allstrom (vgl. http://3rdnjcavalry.com/AllstromJohn.html)

 

 

Alston, Robert:

CS-LtCol; Stabschef Morgan's während Morgan's Raid nach Kentucky, Indiana und Ohio im Juli 1863 (vgl. Horwitz: The Longest Raid, a.a.O., S. 21, 24, 28, 32-33, 150, 352); kriegsgefangen am 6.7.1863; in Gefangenschaft in Camp Chase in Columbus / Ohio.

 

Documents/Literature::

- Alston, Robert: Journal; in: Henry S. Commager: The Blue and the Gray; 2 Volumes in 1 (Fairfax Press; N.Y. 1982) +++klären+++

- **Horwitz: The Longest Raid, a.a.O., S. 21, 24, 28, 32-33, 150, 352

 

 

Alter, Henry H.:

Dr. med; Chirurg im 52 Ky. Reg. (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 478).

 

 

Altmann, Samson jr.:

CS-Pvt; Co C, 29th Regiment Georgia Infantry

 

Photo:

- Samson Altmann, Jr., Pvt. 29th Georgia volunteers, Co. C, CSA (Library of Congress  LC-B8184-1051

 

 

Alvord, Augustus V.:

US-Chaplain; first Alvord was Pvt, Co. E, 1st Regiment Connecticut Heavy Artillery (National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 1); later Chaplain, 31st Regiment US Colored Infantry (National Park Soldiers M589 Roll 2)

 

Documents/Literature:

- Alvord, Augustus V. (1834-1904): Letter, 1864; Library of Congress, Civil War Manuscripts, Washington DC . 1 item. Letter from Alvord to his brother, June 25, 1864, describing the repulse of a Confederate counterattack during the Siege of Petersburg and the devastation of the Virginia countryside.

 

 

Alvord, Benjamin:

US-+++Gen; 18.8.1813 Rutland/Vermont - † 16.10.1884 Washington/DC; Alvord was born in Rutland, Vermont, where he developed an interest in nature. He attended the United States Military Academy West Point and displayed a talent in mathematics. He gradua­ted in 1833. He was assigned to the U.S. 4th Infantry Regiment and participated in the Seminole Wars. He returned to West Point as an assistant professor of mathematics until 1839, when he was again assigned to the 4th Infantry. He spent 21 years of his military career with that regiment (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Alvord).

 

He was on frontier, garrison, and engineer duty until 1846, when he participated in the military occupation of the new state of Texas. Subsequently, he served during the Mexican–American War, being brevetted successively to captain and major for gallantry in a number of important battles including the Battle of Palo Alto and the Battle of Resaca de la Palma. He served as chief of staff to Ma­jor Lally's column on the march from Vera Cruz to Mexico City in 1847 (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Alvord).

 

He was married in 1846 and had six children. His son, Benjamin Alvord, Jr., became a soldier and was a general in World War I. His daughter Louise married Thomas Craig, one of the main professors of mathematics at Johns Hopkins University during its first two decades (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Alvord).

 

After the Mexican–American War, he went from line to staff when he was named paymaster and promoted to major. He was assigned to various posts and was sent with the 4th Infantry to the West Coast. He was the engineer in charge of building the military road in southern Oregon. He was then chief paymaster in Oregon from 1854 until 1862. From 1862 to 1865, during the American Civil War, Alvord was at Fort Vancouver as the commander of the District of Oregon with the rank of brigadier general of volunteers. He was named to that post by George Wright, the commanding officer of the Department of the Pacific. Wright wanted an experienced Regu­lar Army officer in that post, rather than a volunteer, since the District was large (encompassing the present-day states of Oregon, Wa­shington, and Idaho), underdeveloped, and had a history of friction between the native peoples and settlers. As commander of the District, Alvord built up the defenses around the mouth of the Columbia River, but was unable to do the same for the Puget Sound. Because of low enlistments from Oregon and Washington, he supported the military draft, and failing that, supported the payment of bounties. He was removed from command in March 1865. He was ordered to the East Coast, where he resigned his volunteer com­mission and became paymaster in New York City (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Alvord).

 

After the war, he subsequently became paymaster of the District of Omaha and paymaster of the Department of the Platte. He beca­me Paymaster General of the Army in 1872 and served in that capacity until his retirement from active service in 1880. He was pro­moted to brigadier general in 1876. Alvord wrote several books and essays on mathematics, and became nationally known as an ex­pert in the field. His most famous mathematical writings were on the tangencies and intersections of circles and spheres. He also wro­te on natural history, writing the first scientific description of the ability of the compass plant (Silphium laciniatum) to orient itself in a north-south direction, as well as writing about winter grazing in the Rocky Mountains. Alvord was a contributor to Harper's Magazine, and a member of the Literary Society of Washington (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Alvord).

 

 

Alvord, Jabez:

US-Lt; Co. F, 28th Regiment Connecticut Infantry (National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 1).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Alvord, Jabez (2d Lt., 28th Connecticut Volunteers): Diary, 1862-63; Library of Congress, Civil War Manuscripts; Washington, DC. 1 item. Records the service of the 28th Connecticut from Nov. 15, 1862, to Aug. 28, 1863. Includes a detailed account of operations against Port Hudson, La., May 26-June 9, 1863, and descriptions of voyages, marches, and camp life at Fort Barrancas, Fla., Ship Island, Miss., and Brashear City (Morgan City) and Carrollton, La.

 

 

Ambrose, David Leib:

US-1stLt; signed in as Pvt, Co. E, 7th Regiment Illinois Infantry (3 months, 1861); afterwards Corporal and at least 1stLt, Co. H, 7th Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 2).

 

Documents/Literatur:

- **Ambrose, D. Leib: History of the Seventh Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry (Springfield, 1868)

 

 

Ames, Aaron G.:

US-Pvt 4th Regiment Massachusetts Heavy Artillery Co. B

 

 

Ames, Aaron S.:

US-Captain, 6th Regiment Iowa Cavalry Co. L.; 30.12.1827 Chittenden County / Vermont - † 17.1.1917 New York; Sohn von Wil­liam Ames und Polly Brownell; At the outbreak of the Civil war, he recruited Co. L, Sixth Iowa Cavalry, and was mustered in as its captain, at Davenport. He served two years and nine months, and saw much active service on the Northwestern frontier against the Indians. In one engagement he was thrown from his horse, causing a rupture from which he has never fully recovered. He was muste­red out at Sioux City, and returned to his home in Illinois, but shortly afterward he again came to McGregor and again engaged in the mercantile business. From McGregor he went to Cresco, Iowa. From there, in 1872, he came to Wright county and located on a place of 130 acres, one half mile north of the village of Rockford. This was wild land, and no improvements had been made thereon. Mr. Ames broke the land, erected modern buildings and successfully farmed until 1901, when he retired and moved to Buffalo. He is a member of the G.A.R. Post, and while in the township served as town clerk and town assessor. Mr. Ames was married at McGregor, Iowa, in 1866, to Sarah Forsythe, born in Waddington, N.Y., May 29, 1843, daughter of John and Mary (Mathews) Forsythe. Mr. and Mrs. Ames have four children. Rose and Frank were born in Iowa, and Polly and Edith in Minnesota (vgl. http://www.findagra­ve.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=55285458).

 

 

Ames, Absalom:

US-Corporal 74th Regiment Ohio Infantry, Co D

 

 

Ames, Absalom D.:

US-Pvt 16th Regiment Iowa Infantry Co. F)

 

 

Ames, Addison M.:

US-Pvt 20th Regiment Maine Infantry Co. D

 

 

Ames, Adelbert:

US-MajGen; 31. Oktober 1835 in RocklandKnox CountyMaine; † 12. April 1933 in Ormond Beac / Florida.

 

Ames Brigade war im Battle von Brandy Station am 9.6.1863 zur Verstärkung von Pleasonton's Cavalry Corps einge­setzt (vgl. Starr: The Union Cavalry, a.a.O., vol. I, S. 372).

 

Nach kurzer Zeit auf See besuchte Ames die US-Militärakademie in West PointNew Yorkund schloss 1861 als Fünfter von 45 seiner Klasse ab. Ames wurde am 6. Mai 1861 als Leutnant zum 2. US-Artillerie-Regiment versetzt. Mit seiner Batterie nahm er an der Ersten Schlacht am Bull Run teil, bei der er verwundet wurde. Trotz der Verwundung kämpfte er weiter und erhielt dafür als An­erkennung 1893 die Medal of Honor. Während des Halbinsel-Feldzuges im Frühjahr 1862 kämpfte er bei der Belagerung von Yorktown, bei Gaines Mill und am Malvern Hill. Für die dabei gezeigten Leistungen schlug ihn der Artilleriekommandeur der Potomac-ArmeeOberst Henry J. Hunt, zur Beförderung zum Brevet-Oberstleutnant vor, die am 1. Juli 1862 erfolgte (vgl. wikipedia.org/wiki/Adelbert_Ames, Abruf 7.10.2016).

 

Er erhielt die Medal of Honor als First Lt für seinen Einsatz im Battle of Bull Run am 21.7.1861: Artillery commander who stayed with his battery despite grave wounds. Zugleich wurde er für seinen Einsatz zum Major befördert mit Rang zum 21.7.1861.

 

Ames war klar, dass er nur als Infanterieoffizier schnell aufsteigen konnte. Deshalb kehrte er nach Maine zurück, um sich als Kom­mandeur eines Infanterieregiments zu bewerben. Am 20. August 1862 übernahm er das Kommando über das neu aufgestellte 20. Maine-Infanterie-Regiment. Sein Stellvertreter wurde Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain (vgl. http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adelbert_ Ames; Chamberlain, Josua: Bayonet Forward, a.a.O., S. 6, 11, 12).

 

Das Regiment kämpfte im Maryland-Feldzug 1862, wurde jedoch in der Schlacht am Antietam in Reserve gehalten. In der Schlacht von Fredericksburg führte Ames sein Regiment gegen die konföderierten Stellungen auf den Marye's Heights westlich der Stadt. Während der Schlacht bei Chancellorsville im Mai 1863 diente Ames als Adjutant im Stab von Generalmajor George Meade, des Kommandierenden Generals des V. Korps der Potomac-Armee. Während dieser Zeit führte Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain das Re­giment, das jedoch nicht aktiv an der Schlacht teilnahm. Zwei Wochen nach Chancellorsville wurde Adelbert Ames zum Brigadegeneral der Freiwilligen befördert und erhielt das Kommando über eine Brigade im XI. Korps. Diese führte er in die Schlacht von Gettysburg, in der sein ehemaliges Regiment unter Führung des jetzt zum Obersten beförderten Chamberlain zu Ruhm kam. Ames’ Brigade selbst, die der Division Brigadegeneral Francis Channing Barlows unterstellt war, kämpfte am ersten Tag der Schlacht gegen konföderierte Truppen unter Generalleutnant Richard Stoddert Ewell, die die Brigade in die Flucht schlugen. Während der Kämpfe wurde Barlow verwundet und Ames übernahm das Kommando über die Division, die sich am Cemetery Hill neu formierte. Nach Gettysburg wurde Ames’, wieder Brigadekommandeur und zum Brevet-Oberst der Regulären befördert, in den Wehrbereich Süd (South Carolina und Florida) versetzt. Er nahm an Kämpfen in South Carolina und Florida teil. Als Divisions­kommandeur wurde seine Division 1864 dem X. Korps der James-Armee unter Generalmajor Benjamin Franklin Butler unterstellt und nahm an den Kämpfen auf der Bermuda Hundred-Halbinsel und an der Belagerung von Petersburg teil. Butler wurde später sein Schwiegervater. Im Winter 1864 wurde die Division dem XXIV. Korps unterstellt und nach North Carolina geschickt. Dort kämpfte sie in der Schlacht von Fort Fisher, wofür Ames als Anerkennung für seine Leistungen zum Brevet-Generalmajor der Freiwilligen und Brevet-Brigadegeneral des regulären Heeres befördert wurde (vgl. http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adelbert_ Ames).

 

Ames wurde 1868 zum provisorischen Gouverneur von Mississippi ernannt, dann zum Befehlshaber des 4. Militärdistrikts (Fourth Military District), der aus Mississippi und Arkansas bestand. Von 1870 bis 1874 war er republikanischer US-Senator für Mississippi.

Ames heiratete 1870 Blanche Butler, die Tochter General Benjamin Butlers, seines ehemaligen Oberbefehlshabers. Das Paar hatte sechs Kinder, darunter den Wissenschaftler Adelbert Ames Jr. (19. August 1880 – 3. Juli 1955), der Erfolge in Physik, Physiologie, Ophthalmologie, Psychologie und Philosophie erzielte. 1874 wurde Ames zum Gouverneur von Mississippi gewählt und gab darauf seinen Senatorenposten auf. Das Amt hatte er bis 1876 inne (vgl. http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adelbert_ Ames).

 

1898 griff Ames wieder zu den Waffen: Im Krieg gegen Spanien kämpfte er als Brigadegeneral der Freiwilligen auf Kuba. Er schrieb Memoiren, die posthum 1964 herausgegeben wurden. Am 12. April 1933 starb Adelbert Ames als letzter überlebender General des Bürgerkrieges in Ormond Beach, Florida. Er ist auf dem Hildreth Family Cemetery in Lowell, Massachusetts beerdigt (vgl. http://de. wikipedia.org/wiki/Adelbert_ Ames).

 

 

Ames, Agro D.:

US-Corporal, 22nd Regiment Veteran Reserve Corps, Co F

 

 

Ames, Albert:

US-Pvt; Co. E, 19th Regiment Maine Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M543 Roll 1).

 

 

Ames, Albert:

US- unbekannt, 2nd Regiment US-Dragoons (Regular Army)

 

 

Ames, Albert A.:

US-Assistant Surgeon, Co. F&S, 7th Regiment Minnesota Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M546 Roll 1).

 

18.1.1842 Garden Prairie / Boone County / Illinois - † 16.11.1911 Minneapolis; Sohn von Dr. Alfred Elisha Ames und Martha A. Ames; °° 5.2.1862 mit Sarah Strout, Tochter von Captain Richard Strout aus Minneapolis.  In August 1862, Ames, along with a few others, raised Company B of 9th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry and became involved in the Dakota War of 1862. This small war erup­ted between the white settlers of Minnesota and the local Dakota population. Dr. Ames was appointed orderly sergeant and was orde­red to gather up the men for active duty. During this spur of enlistments, the men of the 9th regiment were allowed fifteen days of leave in order to gather their things and settle their affairs before each was rushed to the front lines where the Indians were rapidly advancing on Minneapolis.

 

In the fall of 1863, Dr. Ames accompanied his regiment south to Fort Rigdely, a hot spot for Indian invasion. Luckily, during his par­ticipation with Company B, Ames gained experience in surgery which helped advance his talent and studies. A few days later, Ames was commissioned assistant surgeon to the Seventh Minnesota Regiment Infantry Volunteers. After witnessing combat at the Battle of Acton in 1863, Ames was shipped south to provide medical services during the American Civil War. He served with this regiment for three years, eventually being promoted to the rank of surgeon major in July 1864. He returned to Minneapolis when hostilities ceased on August 18, 1865.

 

Photo:

Surgeon Albert Ames (vgl. wikimedia)

 

 

Ames, Albert D.:

US-Pvt 19th Regiment New York Co I

 

 

Ames, Albert G.:

US-Pvt 104th Regiment Ney York Infantry Co. D,

 

 

Ames, Albert N.:

US First Lieutenant 1st Regiment New York Light Artillery (Battery F, S); enlistet as Sergeant Major

 

 

Ames, Albert N.:

US- First Sergeant 13th Regiment Maine Infantry Co. C

 

 

Ames, Albert N.:

Second Lieutenant 30th Regiment Maine Infantry, Co K

 

 

Ames, Albert P:

US-Pvt 1st Regiment Ney York Light Artillery Co. G

 

 

Ames, Albert P.:

US-Pvt 16th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry Co. C

 

 

Ames, Albert S.:

US-Pvt 2nd Regiment Wisconsin Cavalry Co. I

 

 

Ames, Albro J.:

US-Pvt Unassigned Illinois Volunteers

 

 

Ames, Alfred:

US-Pvt 166th Regiment Ohio Infantry (National Guard) Co. F

 

 

Ames, Alfred B.:

US-Pvt 8th Regiment Illinois Infantry (Co. A)

 

 

Ames, Alfred B.:

US-Pvt 3rd Regiment Michigan Infantry (1st organization) Co. A

 

 

Ames, Alfred B.:

US-Pvt 5th Regiment Michigan Infantry (Co. A)

 

 

Ames, Algernon S.:

US-Pvt 11th Maine Infantry Regiment (Co. I)

 

 

Ames, Allen:

US-Pvt Unassigned Veteran Reserve Corps

 

 

Ames, Allen:

US-Pvt 2nd Regiment Veteran Reserve Corps (Co. H)

 

 

Ames, Allen:

US-Pvt 6th Regiment New York Heavy Artillery (Co. B)

 

 

Ames, Allen W.:

US-Pvt 45th Regiment Illinois Infantry (Co. B)

 

 

Ames, Almon S.:

US-Pvt 6th Regiment US Cavalry (Regular Army) Co D

 

 

Ames, Almon S.:

US Caplain 11th Regiment Indiana Infantry Co. F, S

 

 

Ames, Almon S.:

US-Pvt 6th Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry (70th Volunteers),

 

 

Ames, Almon S.:

US-Pvt 136th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (Co. I)

 

 

Ames, Alonzo:

US-Pvt 2nd Regiment District of Columbia Infantry (Co. E)

 

 

Ames, Alonzo:

US-Pvt 82nd Regiment New York Infantry (Co. B)

 

 

Ames, Alonzo B.:

US-Pvt 40th Regiment Indiana Infantry (Co. G)

 

 

Ames, Alonzo E.:

US-Pvt 1st Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (Co I)

 

Ames, Alonzo G.:

US-Pvt 1st Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (Co I)

 

 

Ames, Alpha E.:

US-Pvt 2nd Regiment New Hampshire Infantry (Co. G)

 

 

Ames, Alvan:

US-Pvt 45th Regiment Illinois Infantry (Co. I)

 

 

Ames, Alvey:

US-Pvt 188th Regiment Ohio Infantry (Co. ?)

 

Ames, Alvin G.:

US-Pvt 2nd Regiment Maine Infantry (Co. B)

 

 

Ames, Alvin G.:

US-Sergeant 31st Regiment Maine Infantry (Co. D)

 

 

Ames, Alvin W.:

US-Pvt 12th Regiment Illinois Cavalry (Co. K, F)

 

 

Ames, Alvy:

US-Corporal 195th Regiment Ohio Infantry (Co. C)

 

 

Ames, Amaziah B.:

US-Pvt 22nd Regiment Connecticut Infantry (Co. E) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 1).

 

 

Ames, Ambrose C.:

US-Pvt 2nd Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (Co. F, S)

 

 

Ames, Ambrose C.:

US-Pvt 12th Independent Battery Wisconsin Light Artillery

 

 

Ames, Amelious:

US-Pvt 98th Regiment Illinois Infantry (Co. C)

 

 

Ames, Americus:

US-Pvt, 15th Regiment Veteran Reserve Corps Co. E

 

 

Ames, Amos A:

US-Pvt; 112th Regiment New York Infantry Co. G

 

 

Ames, Amos L.:

US-Pvt 6th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (3 Month 1861) (Militia), Co. B

 

 

Ames, Amos W.:

US-Corporal 4th Regiment Iowa Infantry Co. H

 

 

Ames, Anderson:

US-Sgt 5th Regiment United States Colored Heavy Artillery Co, F

 

 

Ames, Andrew:

US-Pvt 74th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry, Co ?

 

 

Ames, Andrew:

US Army (Regular Army) M233 roll 29

 

 

Ames, Andrew:

US-Pvt; Co. I, 5th Regiment Connecticut Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 1).

 

 

Ames, Andrew F.:

US-Pvt, später Artificer 1st Regiment Engineers and Mechanics Michigan Co. C

 

 

Ames, Andrew J.:

US-Pvt 4th Regiment US Artillery (Regular Army) Co. B

 

 

Ames, Andrew J.:

US-Pvt 9th Regiment Indiana Infantry (3 Month, 1861) Co I

 

 

Ames. Andrew, J.:

US-Pvt 1st Regiment New York Marine Artillery, Co. B

 

 

Ames, Andrew J.:

US-Corporal 25th Regiment Ohio Infantry Co. G

 

 

Ames, Andrew J.:

US-Pvt 27th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry Co. K)

 

 

Ames, Aratus:

US-Corporal 13th Regiment Maine Infantry Co B (vgl. http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-soldiers-detail.htm?soldier_id=463ef07a-dc7a-df11-bf36-b8ac6f5d926a); geb. 24.12.1841 Canaan Maine - † ++++; °° 14.3.1866 mit Mercy A. Eldridge; Vater von Frederick Ames (vgl. http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Ames-724#_note-0).

 

 

Ames, Arthamer:

US-Pvt/Blacksmith; Co. B, Washington Cavalry Pennsylvania (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 2); später Pvt/Blacksmith, Co. B, 22nd Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 2).

 

 

Ames, Asa A.:

US-Pvt 33rd Massachusetts Infantry Regiment (Co. M, K)

 

 

Ames, Ashabel E.:

US-Pvt 116th New York Infantry (Co. K)

 

 

Ames, Ashley:

US-Pvt 93rd Regiment New York Infantry (Co. F)

 

 

Ames, Austin G.:

auch Austin H. Ames, US-Pvt 116th Regiment New York Infantry (Co. K)

 

 

Ames, Avery:

US-Corporal 94th Regiment New York Infantry (Co. H)

 

 

Ames, Ayres:

US-Pvt 4th Regiment New York Heavy Artillery (Battery I)

 

 

Ames, Azel:

US-Lt 96th Regiment US Colored Infantry Co. A

 

 

Ames, Azro D.:

US-Corporal 17th Regiment Vermont Infantry Co. G

 

 

Ames, Azroal:

US-Pvt 15th Regiment Vermont Infantry (Co. I)

 

 

Ames, Barnet H:

US-Pvt 15th Regiment New Hampshire Infantry (Co. A).

 

 

Ames, Basil:

US-Pvt 127th Regiment United States Colored Infantry Co. I

 

 

Ames, Bela:

US-Pvt 24th Regiment Michigan Infantry

 

 

Ames, Benjamin:

US-Corporal 4th Maine Infantry Regiment Co. I

 

 

Ames, Benjamin:

US-Pvt 19th Regiment New York Cavalry Co. G

 

 

Ames, Benjamin G.:

US-First Lieutenant 17th Regiment Maine Infantry (Co. G)

 

 

Ames, Benjamin G.:

US-Pvt; Co. G&H, 13th Regiment Connecticut Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 1).

 

 

Ames, Benjamin L.:

US-Pvt 46th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (Militia) Co A

 

 

Ames, Bishop:

US-Corporal 3rd Regiment New York Light Artillery (Battery A)

 

 

Ames, Bowman V.:

US-Pvt 11th Regiment Maine Infantry (Co. ?)

 

 

Ames, Brainard:

US-Corporal 1st Regiment Ohio Light Artillery

 

 

Ames, Calvin:

US-Pvt 44th Regiment Illinois Infantry Co. D

 

 

Ames, Carloney:

US-Pvt 3rd Regiment New York Light Artillery Co. E, K

 

 

Ames, Carlos:

US-Pvt; Co. B, 6th Regiment Connecticut Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 1); original filed under Charles G. Ames

 

 

Ames, Chancy:

US-Pvt 132nd New York Infantry Regiment (Co. A)

 

 

Ames, Charles:

US-Pvt 5th Regiment New York Heavy Artillery (Co. ?)

 

 

Ames, Charles:

US-Pvt 11th Regiment New Hampshire Infantry (Co. ?)

 

 

Ames, Charles:

US-Sgt 92nd Regiment Illinois Infantry (Co. B)

 

 

Ames, Charles:

US-Pvt 7th Regiment Maine Infantry (Co. D)

 

Ames, Charles:

US-Pvt 17th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (Co. K, A)

 

 

Ames, Charles:

US-Pvt 18th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (Co. K)

 

 

Ames, James F.:

CS-Second Lieutenant (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 1); † gef. Oktober 1864 (vgl. Mosby: A Bit of Partisan Service, in: Battles and Leaders III S. 149); Co. A-F, Mosby's Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Partisan Rangers) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 1); Ames war zunächst Sergeant in einem New Cavalry Regiment; Col. Mosby schreibt über ihn: „One day a deserter, named Ames, wearing the stripes of a sergeant, came to me from a New York cavalry regiment of Wyndham's brigade. The Emancipation Proclamation which had been put in operation was the reason he gave for deserting the cause of the Union, but I always suspected that it was some personal wrong he had suffered. He seemed to be animated by the most vindictive hatred for his former comrades. I felt an instinctive confidence in his sincerity which he never betrayed. After I had thoroughly tested his fidelity, I made him a lieuten­ant. He served with me until he was killed in October, 1864“ (vgl. Mosby: A Bit of Partisan Service, in: Battles and Leaders III S. 14).

 

 

Ames, John Worthington:

US-BrigGen; im Battle of Fredericksburg am 13.12.1862 war Ames Captain der 11th US Infantry (vgl. Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 182-83).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Ames, John Worthington: "In Front of the Stone Wall at Fredericksburg"; in: B&L, vol. 3, S. 122-125

- **Ames, John Worthington: "Under Fire," Overland Monthly 3 (1869), S. 439-440

 

 

Ames, John:

US-Captain; +++klären+++ (vgl. Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 13 iVm S. 224n24; S. 26 iVm. S. 226n49)

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Ames, John: Papers, USMHI

 

 

Ames, Lyman D.:

US-Chaplain; Co. F&S, 29th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 2; vgl. Grimsley: Hard Hand of War, a.a.O., S. 41).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Ames, Lyman D. (Chaplain 29th Regiment Ohio Infantry): Diary, Ohio Historical Society, Columbus/OH

 

 

Ames, NN.:

US-Pvt 1st Tennessee Cavalry Regiment, Co. E

 

 

Ames, Nelson:

US-Captain; Battery G 1st New York Light Artillery; eingesetzt im Battle of Gettysburg neben Kershaw's Brigade (vgl. Pfanz: Get­tysburg, a.a.O., S. 200, 311, 317

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Ames, Nelson: History of Battery G, First Regiment, New York Light Artillery (Marshalltown, Iowa: Marshall Printing Co., 1900)

 

 

Ames, William:

1842-1914; US-BrigGen USV; im Juni 1861 2nd Lieutenant in 2nd Rhode Island Infantry (vgl. Rhodes, Elisha Hunt: All for the Uni­on, a.a.O., S. 8); 1st Lt. 25.10.1861, Capt. 24.7.1862, Maj 3rd Rhode Island Heavy Artillery 10.2.1863; LtCol 1.4.1864; Bvt. BrigGen USV; Nachkriegszeit: prominenter Industrieller und Finanzier (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 12).

 

Photo:

- Rhodes, Elisha Hunt: All for the Union, a.a.O., S. 8

 

 

Ammen, Daniel:

US-Rear Admiral (vgl. Hoehling, a.a.O., S. 2); Bruder von General Jacob *Ammen

 

 

Ammen, Jacob:

US-+++; 5th Illinois Cavalry (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 391), ++++33rd Illinois Infantry (vgl. Hicken, a.a.O., S. 397), 58th Illinois Infantry (vgl. Hicken, a.a.O., S. 401), 113th Illinois Infantry (vgl. Hicken, a.a.O., S. 406) und 115th Illinois In­fantry (vgl. Kicken, a.a.O., S. 406)

 

 

Ammen, Jacob:

US-BrigGen;

 

Civil War Union Brigadier General. he graduated with honors from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York in 1831 and was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant with the 1st United States Artillery. He then became an assistant professor and drill instructor at the academy. He moved to Georgetown, Ohio and became Captain of a company of militia. He resigned in 1837 to teach college mathematics courses in Kentucky and Indiana, and was appointed as Chairman of Mathematics at Indiana University. In 1855, he moved to Ripley, Ohio to work as a civil engineer. When the Civil War began, he rejoined the Federal Army and was com­missioned as Captain of the 12th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He was promoted to Colonel and transferred to the 24th Ohio Volunteer In­fantry. He led his troops into the field and confronted Confederate forces under General Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Cheat Moun­tain in September, 1861. He was then assigned to the Western Theater and led a brigade in the Army of the Ohio at the Battle of Shi­loh and the Siege of Corinth. He was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General, US Volunteers and briefly assumed command of Major General William "Bull" Nelson's Division. He performed administrative duty for nearly a year due to deteriorating health befo­re accepting an assignment to command Fort Douglas in Illinois and other federal garrisons. Ammen returned to a field command and led the 4th Division of the XXIII Corps. He was responsible for blocking the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad at Bull's Gap, Tennessee during Stephen Burbridge's raid in September of 1864. His resigned on January 14, 1865, returned to Ohio, and became a surveyor and civil engineer in Hamilton County. He was later involved with several large engineering projects which included determining possible routes for the Panama Canal. His brother, Daniel Ammen, was a Rear Admiral in the United States Navy and was also one of his students at West Point (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Im Battle of Shiloh am 6./7.4.1862 war Col Ammen Brigadekommandeur der 10th Brigade Col Jacob Ammen 4th Division BrigGen William Nelson in Buell’s Army of the Ohio. Die Brigade umfaßte folgende Regimenter:

- 36th Indiana Infantry

- 6th Ohio Infantry

- 24th Ohio Infantry

 

Die Brigade bezog am 5.4.1862 beim Eintreffen der Division in Savannah / Tennessee beim Zusammenschluß mit Grant's Army of the Tennessee 1/2 Meile südlich der Stadt das Biwack (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 140).

 

Jacob Ammen served mostly in the rear areas of the war after an early period of combat. A West Pointer (1831) he had been posted to the artillery but during six years of service was an instructor at West Point for two tours. His civilian years were spent as a civil engi­neer and as a professor of mathematics at colleges in Indiana, Kentucky and Mississippi. Returning to the army six days after the fi­ring began at Fort Sumter, his assignment included: Captain, 12th Ohio (18.4.1861), LtCol 12th Ohio (2.5.1861), Col 24th Ohio (22.6.1861), commanding 10th Brigade, Army of the Ohio (ca. 9.11. - 2.12.1861), commanding 10th Brigade, 4th Division, Army of the Ohio (2.12.1861-16.8.1862); BrigGen USV (16.7.1862); commanding 4th Division (16-23-.8.1862), commanding 4th Division 23rd Corps, Department of the Ohio (10.4.1864-14.1.1865). After initial service at the head of his regiment at Cheat Mountain and Green­brier and of the brigade at Shiloh, he held various posts on Ohio, Illinois, Tennessee and Kentucky. In addition he served on a num­ber of courts martial. Give command of a division in the spring of 1864, he was left with it to protect the rear areas while three other divisions of the corps took part in the Atlanta Campaign. He reseigned on 4.1.1864 to become a surveyor and civil engineer. A member of the board of visitors to his alma mater, he also took part in the canal explorations in Panama (vgl. Sifakis: Who as who in the Union, a.a.O., S. 6).

 

7.1.1806 Botetourt County/VA - † 6.2.1894 Lockland, Hamilton County / Ohio, beerd. Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati / Ohio; °° Martha Ann Beasley Ammen (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

General Jacob Ammen (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Amos, Rufus Franklin:

CS-Pvt, Co. I, 26th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 1). 1.8.1827 - † 27.7.1937, beerd. East­wood Cemetery Newton/NC (vgl. Grabsteinaufschrift, Photo bei http://www.catawbascv.org/Eastview.htm).

 

Resided in Caldwell whre he enlisted at age 34, July 26, 1861. Present or accounted for until discharged in April, 1862, under provi­sions of the conscription Act (http://www.catawbascv.org/Eastview.htm).

 

Photo:

Pvt. Rufus Franklin Amos (http://www.catawbascv.org/Eastview.htm).

 

 

Amsberg, Georg von:

teilweise fehlerhaft als „von Arnsberg“ genannt (vgl. Hamlin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 41).

 

US-Col; 45th New York Infantry Regiment; June 24, 1821 - November 21, 1876; v. Amsberg war früher preußischer [richtigerweise österreichisch-ungarischer] Offizier gewesen (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 478).

 

Amsberg, who served in Austria, Hungary, and the United States as a military officer in both the Hungarian revolution of 1848 and the American Civil War. Along with such other figures as Carl Schur zand Franz Sigel, he was among a group of European revolutio­naries and emigrants who have been collectively termed "Forty-Eighters", a number of whom served prominently in the Union Army. Georg von Amsberg was born in Hildesheim near Hanover, where he was educated at the Polytechnic Institute (the precursor to the University of Hanover). Like many Germans after the downfall of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, he joined the Austrian Army in 1837 as a cadet, and advanced rapidly. By 1848 he was an officer in an elite Hungarian hussar (light ca­valry) regiment.

 

During the 1848 Hungarian revolution, Von Amsberg, with his regiment, allied with the Hungarian Revolutionary Army, or Honvéd, against Austrian rule. As a Major, he served as an Aide-de-Camp to General Henryk Dembiński, but he later rose to Brigadier General. He fought in twenty one battles during the conflict. Von Amsberg was awarded the Order of Valor by Lajos Kossuth for the "prowess and skill displayed in the Battle of Szolnok". On August 2, 1849, he commanded 13,000 men of General József Nagysándor's Corps in the Battle of Debrecen, gaining a "great reputation for the valor and intelligence manifested in the engage­ment." He was taken prisoner, however, with the surrender of the Hungarian Army eleven days later. During the subsequent retributi­on by the Austrian Empire he was sentenced to 16 years. After 9 years confinement he was released and banished.

 

After his release von Amsberg emigrated to the United States. He arrived from Bremen in New York City on September 27, 1858 on the ship Husdon.[3] Von Amsberg worked for a time as a riding instructor at the Hoboken Riding School.

 

Von Amsberg began his U.S. military service as a major in the 5th Regiment New York National Guard Infantry (5th Regiment of Militia of New York City) on May 1, 1861, shortly after the outbreak of the American Civil War. The regiment was a three-month re­giment, so von Amsberg was honorably mustered out of the militia with the rest of the regiment on August 7, 1861. On September 9, 1861, von Amsberg organized the 45th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, which he commanded as colonel as of October 7, 1861. He commanded this unit during the Battle of Cross Keys and Battle of Chancellorsville. During the Battle of Gettysburg he ass­umed command of 1st Brigade, 3rd Division of XI Corps after the death of Major General John F. Reynolds necessitated advance­ment of the command structure. He tendered his resignation in September or October 1863 and was discharged for disability due to asthma, acute bronchitis and gastritis on January 22, 1864.

 

After the war, von Amsberg was the proprietor of a hotel. He died on November 21, 1876 at Hoboken, New Jersey. George von Ams­berg is buried in Weehawken Cemetery in North Bergen (Anm. Angabe falsch], New Jersey, USA. (vgl. Internetdatei http://en. Wiki­pedia. Org/ wiki/ Ge­org_von_Amsberg).

 

24.6.1821 Hildesheim / Germany - † 21.11.1876 Hoboken, Hudsin County / New Jersey; beerd. Palisades Cemetery, North Bergen, Hudson County / New Jersey (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Born George Karl Heinrich Wilhelm von Amsburg in Hanover, Germany, he was commissioned as Major of the 5th New York State Militia on May 1, 1861, serving until honorably mustered out on August 7, 1861. He was then commissioned on October 7, 1861 as Colonel and commander of the 45th New York Volunteer Infantry, who were known as the "5th German Rifles" due to the fact that it was nearly entirely composed of men who immigrated from the Germanic States (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

Grabinschrift Georg von Amsberg auf dem Palisades Cemetery, North Bergen, Hudson County / New Jersey (vgl. www. findagrave. com)

 

 

Andel, Casimir (D):

US-Captain; Co. BAD, 12th Regiment Missouri Infantry; he enlisted as Sergeant (vgl. National Park Soldiers M390 Roll 1); before he was Corporal, Co. A, 9th Regiment Illinois Infantry (3 months, 1861) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 2).

 

Andel gründete im spanisch-amerikanischen Krieg ein Regiment von Bürgerkriegs-Veteranen (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 478), das 4th Illinois Mi­litia Regiment (vgl. Internetdatei http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/militia-il.htm).

 

15.11.1840 Hessen/Germany – † 3.2.1918 Belleville / Illinois; S. v. Johann Andel (26.6.1802 Germany - † 10.7.1890 Belleville / Illi­nois) und Katharina Elisabeth Maus Andel (5.12.1813 Germany - † 10.10.1885 Belleville / Illinois; Schwester von John Maus, one of the proprietors of the National Hotel on the Public Square in Belleville / Illinois); °° 27.1.1871 mit Louise Kircher (Schwester von Captain Henry A. *Kircher); in der Nachkriegszeit war Col. Andel als Banker in Belleville tätig (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 27.10.2016).

 

Andel und sein Schwager Captain Henry A. *Kircher waren zunächst Soldiers, Co. A, 9th Regiment Illinois Infantry (3 months, 1861) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 2), Kircher als Sergeant, Andel als Corporal. Kircher was born in 1841, one often children of Joseph and Augusta Kircher, German natives who migrated to western Illinois in the 1830s. Kircher grew up in a closely knit family and attended Oakfield Academy, near St. Louis, one of the first German-American schools west of the Mississippi. He became a machinist by trade and was working in his hometown when the first shock waves of Sumter reached Illinois. Kircher and several of his German friends first joined the 9th Illinois as three-months recruits, but he quickly became disillusioned by the political infighting that he visualized would be a barrier to his advancement in the regiment. Because of this disillusionment and the antagonism that developed between the Germans and Americans, he and his Belleville neighbors decided to cross the Mississippi and join the newly formed 12th Missouri, where in time 84 percent of the regiment would be made up of German-Americans. Kircher, who eventually rose to the rank of captain, and the men of the 12th Missouri took part in several im­portant campaigns during their three years service, including Pea Ridge, Chickasaw Bluffs, the siege of Vicksburg, and finally Look­out Mountain. Kircher's letters, most of them written to his mother, end abruptly in November, 1863, following the battle of Ring­gold, Georgia, where he received wounds that caused him to lose both an arm and a leg. Following the war Kircher returned home a hero and despite his handicap became one of Belleville's leading citizens in business and politics, eventually serving two terms as mayor. Kircher was married in 1880 to Bertha Engelmann and had three children. He died on May 1, 1908 (vgl. Indiana Magazine of History, Indiana Historical Society, Indianapolis, by Thomas K. Krasean). Sowohl Corporal Andel wie auch sein Schwager Sergeant Henry A. Kircher wechselten zum 12th Regiment Missouri Infantry, wo sie beide zum Captain aufstiegen.

 

 

Anderson, Adna:

US-LtCol; Col *McCallum's Appointee as General Superintendent of Railroad Transportation in Sherman's Military Division of the Mississippi während der Atlanta Campaign (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 92).

 

 

Anderson, Archer:

CS-LtCol and AAG; General and Staff Officers, Non-Regimental Enlisted Men CSA (vgl. National Park Soldiers M818 Roll 1); zunächst Pvt, Co. F, 21th Regiment Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 2).

 

15.10.1838 - † 4.1.1918; beerd. Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond/VA; Civil War Confederate Army Officer, Industrialist. Born at the home of his maternal grandfather Robert Archer at Old Point Comfort at Fortress Monroe, he was the eldest of the dozen children of future Confederate General Joseph Reid Anderson. After they moved to Richmond in 1841, hs father became an industrial leader and played an important role in the Confederate war effort. Archer Anderson attended Turner's Classical School and then entered the University of Virginia at age fifteen. He completed his degree in two years and traveled in Europe where he studied at the University of Berlin before returning to the University of Virginia in 1858 to study law. In 1859 he returned to Europe and married Mary Anne Mason, daughter of the United States Minister to France. He belonged to Company F, 1st Virginia Volunteers, a militia unit of prominent Richmond men. When the Civil War began, they became part of the 21st Virginia Infantry and fought the Battles of the Seven Days and at Sharpsburg, where Archer Anderson was wounded and lay unconscious for almost ten hours. Transferred to the Army of Tennessee, he fought at the Battle of Chickamauga. As a Lieutenant Colonel, he participated at that Army's last battle at Bentonville North Carolina. Thereafter he rejoined his father at the Tredegar Company and in 1867 was appointed secretary and treasurer. After his father's death in 1892 he was elected Tredegar's president. Under his leadership the firm realized strong dividends. He was active in a variety of civic and veteran organizations and delivered the oration at the dedication of the Lee statue on Monument avenue in 1890. (bio by: George Seitz, vgl. findagrave.com, Abruf v. 9.4.2017).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Anderson, Archer (LtCol and AAG): Campaign and Battle of Chickamauga (Southern Historical Papers, IX, 1881)

- Tucker: Chickamauga, a.a.O., S. 104, 249, 330, 334

 

 

Anderson, Charles:

US-Col; Bruder von Robert *Anderson; er war im Februar 1861 in San Antonio, Texas (vgl. Darrow, Caroline Baldwin: Recollection of the Twiggs Surrender; in B&L, a.a.O. I: 36).

 

 

Anderson, Charles David:

CS-BrigGen (Georgia Militia); Captain Co C 6th Georgia Infantry, Major, am 15.5.1863 Lieutenant-Colonel; aufgrund seiner Ver­wundung aus der regulären Armee ausgeschieden, wurde Anderson zum BrigGen (irregulär) ernannt und führte die CS-Division im Battle of *Griswoldville (vgl. Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 19)

 

Photo:

Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 19

 

 

Anderson, Charles DeWitt:

CS-Colonel; als Waisenkind bei einem Pfarrer in Galveston / Texas aufgewachsen; als Kadett 1846 nach West Point, wegen ungenü­gender Leistungen in Mathematik nach einem Jahr entlassen; 1856 als Lt US-Army der Artillery direkt aus dem Zivilberuf in die US-Army aufgenommen; Lt 4th US-Artillery; Einsatz in Florida und im Utah-Territory bis 1861; bei Kriegsausbruch schloß sich Ander­son der CSA an; Captain der Ordnance der CSA in Fort Morgan bei Mobile / Alabama; 9.12.1861 Major 20th Alabama Infantry; 15.2.1862 Stabsoffizier im Stab BrigGen Adley H. *Gladden; 8.5.1862 Col 21st Alabama Infantry bis 1864. Im August 1864 war Col Anderson Kommandeur von Fort Gaines nahe Fort Morgan. Am 5.8.1864 erfolgte der Angriff von Admiral Farragut’s Union Fleet gegen Forts Gaines und Morgan. Eine US-Landungsstreitmacht landete auf Dauphin Island und begann zusammen mit der Flotte, Fort Gaines’ zu bombardieren. Obwohl die Beschießung wenig Schaden anrichtete, forderte die Besatzung, bestehend aus 6 Co’s der 21st Alabama Infantry, Artilleristen und Reservisten, insgesamt 864 Mann, von Kommandanten Col Anderson, die Übergabe. Die Be­schießung nahm an Stärke zu und hatte nunmehr erhebliche Schäden zur Folge. Die Wälle boten keinen Schutz mehr und wurden durchschossen und Panik brach aus. Die Besatzung des Fort stand kurz vor der Rebellion. Anderson war hierdurch am 8.8.1864 zur Übergabe gezwungen. Anderson wurde von seinen Vorgesetzten hart kritisiert, dagegen von Admiral Farragut für seinen Mut und sei­ne Ausdauer gelobt (vgl. Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 20-21)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 20-21

- **Edgar, Thomas H.: "Col. Charles D. Anderson." Confederate Veteran, X (1902), S. 31

- Engineer Department Records of the United States Military Academy, 1812-1687, Microfilm M91, National Archives

 

 

Anderson, Charles W.:

CS-Captain/Aide-de-Camp; General and Staff Officers, Non-Regimental entlisted Men, CSA (vgl. National Park Soldiers M818 Roll 1).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Anderson, Charles W.: „After the Fall of fort Donelson.“ Confederate Veteran, vol. 4 (September 1896), pp. 289-90

 

 

Anderson, Edward C.:

CS-Politiker

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Anderson, Edward C.: Papers (Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill)

 

 

Anderson, Edward L.:

US-Captain; Co. K, 52nd Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 2).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Anderson, Edward L.: (Captain, 52nd Ohio Infantry): „Colonel Archibald Gracie's The Truth About Chickamauga.“ Ohio Commandery, the Loyal Legion, Feb. 7, 1912

 

 

Anderson, Ephraim M.:

CS-Corporal; Co. G, 2nd Regiment Missouri Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M380 Roll 1).

 

1st Missouri Brigade; Teilnahme an Sterling *Price's Rückzug von *Springfield / Missouri Richtung *Pea Ridge im Februar 1862 (vgl. Shea / Hess, Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 32, 345 mit Anm. Nr. 13, 15). Anderson erlebte den weiteren Rückzug aus Cross Hol­lows nach Süden und das Niederbrennen des dortigen CS-Camps (vgl. Shea / Hess, a.a.O., S. 48 Anm. 6).

 

Documents/Literature:

- **Anderson, Ephraim M: Memoirs: Historical and Personal; Including the Campaign of the First Missouri Confederate Brigade (Dayton, OH: Morningside Bookshop, 1972)

 

 

Anderson, George Burgwyn:

CS-BrigGen; 12.4.1831 Hillsboro / North Carolina - † 17.9.1862 Antietam; Sohn von William E. Anderson und Eliza Burgwyn (Tochter von George Burgwyn aus New Hanover); Bruder von Lt Robert Walker Anderson und William E. Anderson; °° mit Mildred Ewing aus Louisville (vgl. http://www.researchonline.net/generals/gbanderson.htm).

 

Graduated West Point 1852; anschließend US-Offizier 2nd US-Dragoons, Frontier Duty; April 1861 Col. 4th North Carolina Infantry.

 

He was appointed on May 18, 1861, by Gov. Ellis, colonel to the 4th Reg't, N. C. troops; John A. Young, of Charlotte, was the Lt. Col., and Bryan Grimes, of Pitt, Major. The Regiment after being organized at Garysburg, marched to the front. Though engaged in slight skirmishes at Williamsburg, the 4th Regiment did not receive its real baptism till May 31, in the bloody battle of Seven Pines. Here, in the absence of General Featherston, Colonel Anderson commanded a Brigade, consisting of the 49th Va., Col. (Ex-Gov.) Wm. Smith; 27th and 28th Georgia, and the 4th North Carolina. The latter went into this battle with 520 men and 27 officers. It lost 86 men killed, 376 wounded, and 24 officers. Such was the gallant bearing and skillful conduct of Colonel Anderson, that he received the highest encomiums from his commander, Gen. D. H. Hill, and was promoted on June the 9th to be a Brigadier-General, and the 2nd, 4th, 14th and 20th regiments of North Carolina troops were assigned as his brigade (vgl. http://www.researchonline.Net/ gene­rals/gbanderson.htm).

 

Während Lee's Maryland Campaign war Anderson Brigadekommandeur von Anderson's Brigade in Daniel H. Hill's Division Jack­son's Army Corps Lee's Army of Northern Virginia (vgl. Sears: Landscape Turned Red, a.a.O., Gliederung S. 371). An­derson traf im Battle von South Mountain mit seiner Brigade in Turner's Gap am späten Vormittag ein. Anderson's Brigade machte einen Gegenstoß Richtung Fox's Gap, um das von Brigade *Garland gegen Cox's Division verlorenen Terrain zurück zu gewinnen, wurde jedoch zu­rückgeschlagen (vgl. Hill: The Battle of South Mountain, in: B & L, a.a.O., 2:567).

 

 

Anderson, George Thomas “Tige”:

CS-Col; aus Georgia; Anderson war Veteran des Mexikokrieges und anschließend Rechtsanwalt, Abgeordneter im Georgia Parla­ment, und war ein Mann von beträchtlichem Wohlstand (vgl. Penny / Laine: Struggle for the Round Tops, a.a.O., S. 32).

 

1862 Brigadekommandeur von George T. Anderson's Brigade Division J. Bankhead *Magruder; im April 1862 Einsatz auf der Virgi­nia Peninsula; Battle of Dam Nr. 1 bei Lee's Mill am 16.4.1862 (vgl. Magruder's Report OR 11.1 S. 407).

 

1863 während der Gettysburg Campaign gehörte Anderson's 2nd Brigade zu Longstreet’s I. Army Corps, 1st Division Hood und um­faßte folgende Regimenter (vgl. Penny / Laine: Struggle for the Round Tops, a.a.O., S. 32):

 

- 7th Georgia Infantry Col William Wilkerson White

- 8th Georgia Infantry Col John R. Towers

- 9th Georgia Infantry LtCol John C. Mounger (k), Major W. M. Jones (w), Capt. George Hillyer

- 11th Georgia Infantry Col F. W. Little (w), LtCol William Luffman, Maj. Henry D. McDaniel, Capt. William H. Mitchell

- 59th Georgia Infantry Col Jack Brown (w), Capt. M. G. Bass

 

Photo:

- Penny / Laine: Struggle for the Round Tops, a.a.O., S. 32

 

 

Anderson, J. O.:

US-Major; 17th Pennsylvania Cavalry (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 46)

 

 

Anderson, James Patton:

CS-BrigGen und CS-Politiker; aus Florida; früherer Abgeordneter der Democratic Party im US-Congress; im Februar 1861 einer der Delegierten des Staates Florida auf der Secession Convention in Montgomery / Alabama (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 15, 34, 44).

 

Im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh war Anderson Brigadekommandeur der 2nd Brigade BrigGen Patton Anderson 1st Divisi­on BrigGen Daniel Ruggles II. Army Corps MajGen Braxton Bragg in A. S. Johnston's Army of the Mississippi. Die Brigade bestand aus folgenden Einheiten:

- 1st Florida Infantry Battalion

- 17th Louisiana Infantry

- 20th Louisiana Infantry

- Confederate Guards Response Battalion

- 9th Texas Infantry

- Louisiana Washington Artillery (5th Co.)

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Anderson, James Patton: Papers, Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

 

 

Anderson, John:

CS-Pvt; 48th Alabama Infantry (Penny / Laine: Struggle for the Round Tops, a.a.O., S. 18). Während der Gettysburg Campaign ge­hörte das Regiment zum I Army Corps Longstreet 3rd Division (Hood's Division) MajGen John B. Hood, 1st Brigade BrigGen Evan­der McIver Law.

 

 

Anderson, John Emerson:

US-Sergeant; Co. D, 2nd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 1).

 

Documents/Literature:

- Anderson, John Emerson Sgt., 2d Massachusetts Infantry Memoir, 1861 — 65. 1 item. Photocopy. Detailed account of Anderson's service with the 2d Massachusetts Infantry in the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862, the Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Atlanta, Savannah, and Carolinas campaigns, and in operations against guerrillas and renegades in east Tennessee in the winter of 1863-64. Includes information on recruitment, training, marches, discipline, camp life, morale, depredations, foraging expeditions, the treatment of prisoners of war, military paroles, disease, hospital care, Federal spies, enlistment bounties, Union sentiment in the South, the attitude of noncombatants, and crime in the U.S. Army.

 

 

Anderson, Joseph Reid:

CS-BrigGen und Präsident der *Tredegar Iron Werke; 1813-92; aus Virginia; West Point 1836 (4/49); Artillerie-Engineers; 1837 frei­willig aus dem Dienst ausgeschieden; anschließend Civil Ingenieur in Virginia; baute den Valley Turnpike von Staunton nach Win­chester im Shenandoah-Tal; seit 1858 Präsident der bedeutenden Tredegar Eisenwerke in Richmond (den bedeutendsten Eisen­werken im gesamten Süden [vgl. McPherson, a.a.O., S. 383]); als Major im August 1861 in die CS-Army eingetreten; BrigGen seit 3.9.1861; zunächst Kommandeur des Militärdepartments von Cape Fear, dann vorübergehend des Department von North Carolina (15.-24.3.1862); anschließend Brigadekommandeur der 3rd North Carolina Brigade auf der Peninsula; verwundet bei Frayer's Farm am 30.6.1862; als dienstuntauglich am 19.7.1862 ausgeschieden; anschließend erneut Direktor der Tredegar Work (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 14). Noch vor seinem Ausscheiden war Anderson vorübergehend Divisionskommandeur von Hill's Division (vgl. Sorrel: At the Right Hand of Longstreet, a.a.O., S. 85-88; Freeman: Lee, a.a.O., vol. 2 S. 257; OR 11 [3] S. 639-40, 651; OR 11 [2] S. 590). Grund war das Zerwürfnis zwischen Longstreet und Ambrose P. Hill, den Longstreet unter Arrest stellen ließ (vgl. Darstellung und Hinter­gründe bei Personenglossar zu A. P. *Hill).

 

Längin (a.a.O., S. 135) gibt an, Joseph R. Anderson habe zusammen mit Nathan B. Forrest im Gefecht von La Vergne /TN am 7.10.1862 gegen US-BrigGen John M. Palmer gekämpft. Nach Jordan / Pryor a.a.O., S. 186 soll es sich um S. R. Anderson handeln; Samuel R. Anderson war aber bereits am 18.5.1862 aus dem Dienst ausgeschieden [vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 15).

 

Die Verwundung von Joseph R. Anderson kann also nicht zur Dienstunfähigkeit geführt haben.

 

zur Korrespondenz mit US-Gen McDowell im Mai 1862 vgl. OR Ser I vol. 12/1 S. 47); Ruffin (Ruffin, Diary II 31) berichtet von ei­nem Treffen mit Anderson im Zelt von Capt. Cuthbert und seinen SC-Truppen bei Richmond am 18.5.1861.

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Dew, Charles B.: Iron Maker to the Confederacy: Joseph R. Anderson and the Tredegar Iron Works. New Haven, 1966

 

 

Anderson, Richard H.:

CS-LtGen; Anderson war bei Kriegsbeginn sehr wegen der Überlegenheit der US-Army besorgt (vgl. Chestnut: Diary, S. 49); Divisi­onskommandeur der auf dem äußersten linken CS-Flügel eingesetzten Division im Corps Longstreet's während des Battle of Frede­ricksburg.

 

In the Gettysburg Campaign Anderson commanded Anderson's Division; III Army Corps Hill, consisting of (vgl. Gottfried: Brigades at Gettys­burg, a.a.O., p. 574-603):

- Wilcox's Brigade (BrigGen Cadmus Wilcox, 8th Alabama, 9trh Alabama, 10th Alabama, 11th Alabama, 14th Alabama, Strength 1726)

- Mahone's Brigade (BrigGen William Mahone, 6th Virginia, 12th Virginia, 16th Virginia, 41st Virginia, 61st Virginia; Strength 1542)

- Perry's Brigade (Col David Lang, 2nd Florida, 5th Florida, 8th Florida, Strength 742)

- Posey's Brigade (BrigGen Carnot Posey, 12th Mississippi, 16th Mississippi, 19th Mississippi, 48th Mississippi, Strength 1322)

- Wrights Brigade (BrigGen Ambrose Wright, 3rd Georgia, 22nd Georgia, 48 Georgia, 2nd Georgia Battalion, Strength 1413)

- Artillery Battalion Major John Lane (vgl. Shultz/Mingus: Second Day Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 7n17).

 

Nachfolger Longstreet's nach dessen Verwundung im Battle of the Wilderness als Kommandeur des 1st Army Corps der Army of Northern Virginia

 

 

Anderson, Robert:

US-MajGen; 14.6.1805 bei Louisville/KY – 26.10.1871 Nizza; Bruder von Charles *Anderson; 1825 Absolvent in West Point; US-Berufsoffizier; Artillerie-Ausbilder in West Point. Sein bester Schüler und zeitweiser Assistent in West-Point war der spätere CS-Gen Beauregard, dem sich Anderson in Fort Sumter ergeben mußte.

 

Anderson war früher selbst Sklavenhalter gewesen und sympathi­sierte mit dem Süden, aber der Fahne, der er 35 Jahre gedient hatte, hielt er die Treue (vgl. McPherson, a.a.O., S. 252); West-Point-Absol­vent 1825 (Artillerie); im Frühling 1846 Kompaniechef in 3rd US-Artillery in *Fort Moultrie / Charleston (1st Lieutenant in ‘C’ Company war der spätere MajGen Sherman); Vorkriegseinsätze: Black Hawk, Seminolen, Mexiko; Lehrer in West-Point, dabei u.a. Lehrer des späteren Generals Beauregard, der Fort Sumter 1861 angriff; 1839 veröffentlichte Anderson das taktische Manual für Feldartillerie (eine Übersetzung aus dem Französischen), das für de­ren Einsatz im Mexikokrieg bestimmend war. Das Werk wurde 1840 vom War Department offiziell als Artilleriehandbuch anerkannt. 1843 war er Mitglied des sog. Ringgold Board, des Army-Aus­schusses zur Entwicklung eines eigenen US-Artilleriehandbuchs, das ein reine Drill-Anweisung war (vgl. McWhiney/ Jamieson: At­tack and Die, a.a.O., S. 36). Bürgerkriegseinsatz: Maj. Anderson über­nahm am 11.11.1860 die Forts Moultrie, Sumter und Castle Pin­ckney vor Charleston/SC; die 34stündige Verteidigung Fort Sumters macht Anderson zum Helden der Nation; nach der Kapitulation des Fort am 15.5.1861 von Präsident Lincoln zum BrigGen ernannt, mußte Anderson 1863 aus Gesundheitsgründen den Dienst quittie­ren (Photo bei Längin, S. 36). BrigGen. Robert Anderson über­nimmt am 15.8.1861 den US-Wehrbereich Cumberland (Kentucky und Tennessee) mit Hauptquartier in Cincinnati/OH (vgl. Sher­man, Memoirs, Bd. 1, S. 221 ff).

 

Die drei Forts im Hafen von Charleston, Sumter, Moultrie und Pinckney dienten der Küstenverteidigung. Ursprünglich war nur Moultrie besetzt gewesen. Da dasselbe aber vom Strand aus sogar durch Gewehrfeuer bestrichen werden konnte, so verlegte der Kommandant Major *Anderson mit seinen wenigen Artilleristen nach dem besser gelegenen Fort Sumter. Präsident Buchanan „schäumte vor Wut, als er von diesem Zuge Andersons erfuhr. Aber er fand doch nicht den Mut, den Befehl zur Rückkehr nach Moultrie erteilen zu lassen.. Moultrie und Pinckney wurden dann von Rebellen besetzt. Die Tatsache, daß Anderson nur genug Mann­schaften für eines der drei Forts hatte, war auf die verräterischen Maßregeln des damaligen Kriegsministers Floyd zurückzuführen. Es fehlte der Besatzung an Munition und namentlich an Nahrungsmitteln“ (vgl. Kaufmann: Die Deutschen im Amerikanischen Bür­gerkriege, a.a.O., S. 56 Anm. 1).

 

Anderson hatte nur 85 Mann und wenige veraltete Kanonen. Er kapitulierte in aussichtsloser Lage, als nur noch 3 Schuß Munition vorhanden waren (vgl. Internetdatei Wikipedia http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Anderson_(Offizier,_1805), Abruf vom 17.11. 2013; Kaufmann: Die Deutschen im Amerikanischen Bür­gerkriege, a.a.O., S. 57).

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, a.a.O., S. 83

 

Documents/Literature::

- Anderson, Robert (1805-1871): Letters; Library of Congress, Civil War Manuscripts; Washington, DC. ca. 5,000 items. Contains numerous personal and official letters received by Anderson and copies of his outgoing letters during his commands at Fort Moultrie and Fort Sumter, S.C., the Department of Kentucky, and the Department of the Cumberland. Also includes plans of forts and batte­ries, newspaper clippings concerning Anderson and the Fort Sumter affair, and presentation copies of the following books: R. Ander­son, Within Fort Sumter by One of the Company (1861), T. M. Anderson, The Political Conspiracies Preceding the Rebellion or the True Stories of Sumter and Pickens (1882), and E. A. Lawton, Major Robert Anderson and Fort Sumter, 1861 (1911). Principal warti­me correspondents are P. G. T. Beauregard, Simon Cameron, Samuel Cooper, Richard B. Duane, W. W. Harlee, L. M. Hatch, David F. Jamison, Abraham Lincoln, Andrew G. Magrath, Francis W. Pickens, Winfield Scott, William T. Sherman, Edwin M. Stanton, Charles Sumner, Lorenzo Thomas, and George L. Willard.

- Anderson, Colonel Charles: Major Robert Anderson at Fort Sumter +++klären+++

- **Anderson, Robert: Instruction for Field Artillery, Horse and Foot (Philadelphia, 1839)

- Doubleday, Abner: Bericht über die Vorbereitungen zur Verteidigung von Fort Sumter (Captain Doubleday war einer der Offiziere von Major Robert Anderson in Fort Sumter); abgedruckt ohne Quellenangabe in Eisenschiml / Newman: American Iliad, a.a.O.,

S. 3-7

 

 

Anderson, Robert Houston:

CS-BrigGen; 1835-1888; aus Georgia; West Point 1857 (35/38); US-Infantry-Offizier; er diente an der Frontier und schied 1861 aus der US-Army aus; 1st Lt-CSA Artillery am 6.3.1861; Major im September 1861, Acting dj. Gen der Truppen ander Küste Georgias; eingesetzt bei Fort McAllister von Februar-März 1863, das er gegen mehrere US-Monitors verteidigte. Am 20.1.1863 Col 5th Geor­gia Cavalry; eingesetzt während der Atlanta Campaign in Allen's Georgia Cavalry Brigade, Wheeler's Division; als Allen's Nachfol­ger Brigadekommandeur von Anderson's Cavalry in Wheeler's Division; BrigGen 26.7.1864; während Sherman's March to the Sea weiterhin gegen Sherman eingesetzt; he surrendered with Johnston in North Carolina. In der Nachkriegszeit war Anderson Polizei­chef in Savannah und Mitglied des USMA Board of Visitors (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O. S. 15).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Evans: Sherman's Horsemen, a.a.O., S. 212, 213, 238, 249, 255, 265-66, 267, 271, 275, 279, 287, 501 n 34

 

 

Anderson, Samuel Read:

CS-BrigGen; 1804-83; Anderson war ein reicher Self-Made Mann; im Mexikokrieg war er LtCol der 1st Tennessee Volunteers. 1861 bei Kriegsausbruch war er MajGen der Tennessee State Truppen; 9.7.1861 BrigGen CSA; eingesetzt in Loring's Army of the Nor­thwest im Spätjahr 1861 als Brigadekommandeur (1st, 7th und 14th Tennessee). Im Januar 1862 Teilnahme an Jackson's Expedition nach Bath und Romney (vgl. Tanner, Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 65). Die Brigade Anderson umfaßte die 1st Tennessee Infan­try, 7th Tennessee Infantry und 14th Tennessee Infantry (vgl. Tanner, a.a.O., S. 65).

 

 

Anderson, Thomas F.:

CS-Pvt; 2nd Cherokee Mounted Rifles; Anderson war ein Weißer, der sich dem Indianer-Regiment angeschlossen hatte (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 357 Anm. 32); Teilnahme am Battle of Pea Ridge am 7.3.1862

 

 

Andreas, Alfred T.:

US-1stLt/Quartermaster; Co. G, 12th Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 2)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Andreas, Alfred T.: „The Ifs and Buts' of Shiloh“. Military Essays and Recollections. Military Order of the Loyal Legions of the United States, Illinois Commandery, vol. 1, 1891

 

 

Andrew, John A.:

US-Governor von Massachusetts; als bei Beginn des Krieges aufgrund der *Crittenden-Johnson-Resolutionen die US-Kommandeure die Army-Camps für entflohene Sklaven schlossen und befahlen diese an ihre Eigentümer zurückzugeben, protestierte die Regierung von Massachusetts. Governor Andrew erklärte: "Massachusetts does not send her citizens forth to become the junters of men" (vgl. Foner: Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 5). Im Verlauf des Krieges ab September 1862 setzte Andrew eine Kommission ein mit der Aufgabe junge Schwarze für die Army zu rekrutieren; diesen Beispiel folgten andere US-Staaten (vgl. Foner: Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 8).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Andrew, John A. (Governor of Massachusetts): Manuscripts, Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston/Mass.

 

 

Andrew, Mitchell:

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Henderson, M. B. M., E. J. M. Young, and Nahelhoffer, A. I. M. (ed.): "Dear Eliza: The Letters of Mitchell Andrew (N.p., 1976)

 

 

Andrews, Christopher C.:

++General;

 

 

Andrews, George:

US-++++; als LtCol unter Lyon 1861 in Missouri eingesetzt; Teilnahme an den sog. Booneville Races gegen die CS-Kräfte in Missour­i unter Price und Claiborne Jackson (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 86). Andrews vertrat Francis *Blair als Re­gimentskommandeur der 1st Missouri Infantry, während Blair's Abwesenheit, als dieser an der Sitzungsperiode des US-Congresses am 22.6.1861 in Washington teilnahm (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 103).

 

 

Andrews, George Leonard:

US-MajGen; 1828-99; Westpoint 1851 (1/42); US-Berufsoffizier, Engineers; 1855 aus der Army ausgeschieden ; anschließend als Zi­vilingenieur tätig; 24.5.1861 LtCol der 2nd Massachusetts Infantry; Teilnahme an den Kämpfen um Winchester unter Banks; Col 2nd Massachusetts Infantry 13.6.1862. Teilnahme an den Schlachten von Cedar Mountain (Gordon's Brigade) am 9.8.1862 (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 1496, 233, 239, 276, 425 [n. 16]; Boatner, a.a.O., S. 16) und Antietam; BrigGen USV 10.11.1862; Maj­Gen USV 12.3.1866.

 

Photo:

George Leonhard Andrews (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Leonard_Andrews)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Andrews, George L.: "The Battle of Cedar Mountain"; in: Military Historical Society of Massachusetts (Boston, Mass., 1881-1912), 2:389-440

- **Quint, Alonzo H.: The Record of the Second Massachusetts Infantry (Boston, Mass., 1867) (PDF-Datei in Archiv Ref, Dokumente ameridownload)

 

 

Andrews, James:

US-Spion und Raider in Marietta; auch als John J. Andrew bezeichnet (vgl. Encyclopedia of the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 10); 1862 ver­antwortlich für die Entführung der Lokomotive "The General" aus Marietta gem. Planung von US-Gen Ormsby Mitchel; vgl. Great Locomotive Chase und Story of Andrew's Raiders (s. Internet Datei Marietta Nr. 3); Andrew's Fahrt scheiterte nach 90 Meilen an feh­lendem Brennstoff; seine zu Fuß fortgesetzte Flucht endete mit seiner Gefangennahme; Andrew und einige seiner Männer wurden 1862 in Atlanta zum Tode verurteilt und gehängt, die Exekution weiterer Teilnehmer wurde infolge eines US-Angriffs verschoben. Acht der überlebenden Raider gelang im Oktober 1862 die Flucht, die übrigen wurden ein Jahr später ausgetauscht. Sie erhielten als erste US-Soldaten die Medal of Honor (vgl. Lewis J. *Ingalls).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Abdill, Geo B.: Civil War Railroads, a.a.O., S. 171

- **Pittenger, William (Lieutenant, 2nd Ohio Vols): "Daring and Suffering. A History of the Great Railroad Adventure" (1st Edition, Philadelphia 1863). Illustrated story of the Andrews Raiders and their attempt to capture the Confederate locomotive "The General"; Nevins calls this "The starting point for any study of the "Great Locomotive Chase"

- **Pittenger, William (Lt., 2nd Ohio Infantry): Capturing A Locomotive. A History of Secret Service in the late War (Washington: The National Tribune, 1885, reprint 2000); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik132

 

 

Andrews, Richard Snowdon:

CS-LtCol, +++-1903; commanding the 1st Maryland Artillery (Andrews' Battalion); als Major nahm Andrews am Vorstoß Jackson's gegen Pope's Army of Virginia im August 1862 und am Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 teil (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 108). Andrews erlitt in der Schlacht von Cedar Mountain durch einen Splitter eines Artilleriegeschosses eine schwere Ver­wundung im Unterleib, wobei die Eingeweide austraten. Dr. McGuire versorgte den Schwerverwundeten, der entgegen aller medizi­nischen Sicht überlebte. Andrews wurde erneut ein Jahr später im Battle von Milroy nahe Jordan Springs schwer verwundet durch Henry Kyd *Douglas vom Schlachtfeld getragen, und überstand auch diese Verletzung. In der Nachkriegszeit Rechtsanwalt in Balti­more (vgl. Douglas: With Stonewall, a.a.O., S. 126).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Andrews, R. Snowdon: Richard Snowdon Andrews, Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding the First Maryland Artillery (Andrews' Batta­lion) Confederate States Army: A Memoir (Baltimore, Md., 1910)

 

 

Andrews, Timothy F.:

US-Captain; Co. F, 20th Regiment Maine Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M543 Roll 1).

 

 

Andrews, Timothy P.:

US-Col; Andrews military service began in 1814, when he served as an aid to Commodore Joshua Barney during the War of 1812. He was served as a paymaster in the Army from 1822 to 1847. When the Mexican-American War broke out, he was put in command of the Regiment of Voltigeurs and Foot Riflemen. His second in command, Lieutenant Colonel Joseph E. Johnston would go on to become one of the most senior general officers in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He was distinguished for bravery at the Battle of Molino del Rey, and was brevetted brigadier general for conspicuous gallantry at the Battle of Chapultepec, where his regiment led the assault on Chapultepec Castle. After the Mexican War Andrews returned to the pay department of the Army, gradually rising in rank. In late 1851 Andrews was promoted to Deputy Paymaster-General and in September 1862 became Paymaster-General of the United States Army. Andrews retired from military service on November 29, 1864.

 

 

Andrews, W. H.:

CS-+++; 1st Georgia Infantry

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Andrews, W. H.: Footprints of a Regiment: A Recollection of the 1st Georgia Regulars, 1861-1865 (Longstreet Press, 1992); Vivid details of this unit's 20 plus battles. Organized at Macon in April 1861, this unit served under General Toombs and later transferred to Anderson's Brigade, fighting from Seven Days to Fredericksburg with the Army of Northern Virginia. Later assigned to Florida, it fought at Olustee, Charleston and Savannah. Only 45 Officers and men were left to surrender at the end of the war.

 

 

Andrews, William S. G.:

CS-Col; zunächst 2nd Lieutenant (ab Juni 1861) Co. A, 27th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 1), dann Captain, später Major; Co. F, 1st Regiment North Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 1).

 

In einem Brief von Captain John B. *Fearing an seine Frau über das Battle of Hatteras heißt es u.a.: „Commodore Barron came with others, among them Leut. Murdaugh & Major Andrews“ (zitiert bei Yearns/Harrett: North Carolina Civil War Documentary, a.a.O., S. 31).

 

Major W.S.G. Andrews, commanding Forts Hatteras and Clark, unterzeichnete mit anderen am 29.8.1861 an Bord des US-Flagg­schiffs Minnesota, die Kapitulationsurkunde nach dem Battle von Fort Hatteras/NC. Andrews geriet hierbei in Kriegsgefangenschaft (vgl. Lossing: Pictorial History of the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 108 Anm. 2). Major W.S.G. Andrews von den North Carolina Volunteers wurde in einer Liste von Kriegsgefangenen genannt, deren Austausch dem US Adjutant-General BrigGen L. Thomas vorgeschlagen wurde. Die Liste wurde am 24.1.1862 in Fort Monroe von den CS-Head­quarters Department of Virginia erstellt (vgl. OR Vol. 1, ser. 114 p. 76). Im „North Carolina Standard“, Raleigh/NC heißt es am 15.1.1862: The New York Herald gives the following list of prisoners (commissioned officers) ordered to be paroled by General Orders: […] W.S.G. Andrews, Major, N.C. State Troops“ (http://nccivilwar.lostsoulsgenealogy.com).

 

3.7.1819 Woodbury, Litchfield County/Connecticut - † 1.11.1878 Goldsboro/NC, beerd. Willow Dale Cemetery, Goldsboro/NC; In­schrift auf dem Grabstein: „Col W.S.G. Andrews … A faithful soldier, An humble christian“ (vgl. findagrave.com). Sohn von Dr. Sa­muel Amos Andrews (1797 Woodbury/Conn. - † 1853 Goldsboro/NC) und Polly Louisa Gunn Andrews (1800-1884). °° 26.3.1847 mit Sarah H. Washington (vgl. http://genealogytrails.com/ncar/marr_c.html) (Anm.: diese ist auf dem Grabstein Andrew's nicht ge­nannt).

 

 

Andrus, Onley:

US-Sgt; 95th Illinois Infantry (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 11).

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Shannon, Fred (ed.): The Civil War Letters of Sergeant Onley Andrus (Urbana, Ill., 1947)

 

 

Anglin, John S.:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 4th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 1).

 

Documents/Literature::

- Anglin, John S. Pvt: Letters, 1861-64, Library of Congress, Civil War Manuscripts; Washington, DC. 17 items. In part, transcripts. Letters from Anglin to his family written from Fort Caswell, N.C., and from various camps in Virginia concerning casualties in the 4th North Carolina in the Battle of Seven Pines, efforts by Confederate soldiers to avoid infantry duty by volunteering for service in the Confederate Navy, and camp life, morale, disease, troop movements, diet, supplies, and deaths during the Manassas and Peninsu­lar campaigns and the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864. Also includes comments on inflation and the contribution of women in Virginia to the war effort.

 

 

Annecke, Carl Friedrich Theodor „Fritz“:

Januar 1818 Dortmund - † 6. Dezember 1872 Chicago, Illinois; US-Col, zunächst im Stab McClellan's, dann Col 35th Wisconsin In­fantry; zuletzt Befehlshaber der Reserve Artillerie der Tennessee-Armee.

 

Annecke war Lt Königl. Preuß 7. Artillerie-Brigade (vgl. Frontispiz von „Ein ehrengerichtlicher Prozeß“ von F. Annecke, Leipzig 1846). Er wurde in einem ehrengerichtlichen Prozeß aus der preußischen Armee entlassen, nachdem er sich zuvor kritisch über das preußische Offizierskorps und u.a. Über die dort gepflegte Duell-Praxis geäußert hatte (vgl. Einleitung zu „Ein ehrengerichtlicher Prozeß“ von F. Annecke, Leipzig 1846; Universitätsbibliothek Bielefeld)

 

Annecke war ein deutscher Revolutionär, preußischer und US-amerikanischer Offizier. Annecke war Mitbegründer des Kölner Ar­beit­er­vereins und war dessen erster „Sekretär“ (Geschäftsführer). Annecke war als Oberbefehlshaber der Artillerie der Pfälzischen Volkswehr einer der militärischen Kommandeure der Reichsverfassungskampagne in der Pfalz und in Baden im Sommer 1849. Nach seiner Emigration in die USA unterstützte er zusammen mit seiner Frau und seinem Bruder Emil Annecke die Republikanische Par­tei von Abraham Lincoln und engagierte sich für die Gleichberechtigung der Afroamerikaner. Fritz und sein Bruder Emil trugen ur­sprünglich den Familiennamen Annecke, verkürzten diesen aber später auf Anneke ohne „c“. (vgl. Internetdatei Wikipedia)

 

In seinen letzten Lebensjahren wurde er sogar noch ein Anhänger von Otto von Bismarck, ging aber gleichzeitig politisch auf Distanz zu früheren Weggefährten wie Carl Schurz oder Friedrich Hammacher, die in den USA und Deutschland erfolgreiche Karrieren als Politiker und Wirtschaftsführer aufbauten. Eine solche Karriere blieb ihm selbst versagt, mehrere Unternehmensgründungen scheiter­ten, die Ehe mit der Dichterin Mathilde Franziska Annecke ging auseinander. Zum Schluß lebte er getrennt von ihr in Chicago, wo er als Redakteur und Arbeitersekretär tätig war. Im Alter von 54 Jahren starb Carl Friedrich Theodor Anneke am 6. Dezember 1872 dort an den Folgen eines Unfalls. Nach dem Großen Brand, der ein Jahr vorher große Teile der Stadt in Schutt und Asche gelegt hatte, war Chicago mit ungesicherten Baugruben übersät, eine davon wurde dem kurzsichtigen Anneke zum Verhängnis (vgl. Internetdatei Wi­kipedia http:// de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fritz_Anneke).

 

Annecke konnte zu manchen Mißständen in der US-Army nicht schweigen, und äußerte sich kritisch zu Fehlern seiner militärischen Vorgesetzten. Infolge derartiger Kritiken, die allerdings wohl disziplinwidrig sein mochten, wurde Annecke 183 unter Arrest gestellt und von einem Kriegsgericht zur Absetzung verurteilt (vgl. Kaufmann: Die Deutschen im amerikanischen Bürgerkriege, a.a.O., S. 479).

 

Als literarische Figur taucht Anneke im historischen Roman "Der Weg in die Freiheit" über Carl Schurz von Herbert Kranz auf. Carlo Schmid hat die von Kranz beschriebene Kampagne von Anneke und Schurz in der Pfalz in ein Rundfunkhörspiel verarbeitet, das sich im Archiv der Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung befindet (vgl. Internetdatei Wikipedia http:// de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fritz_Anneke).

 

Photo:

Original http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fritz_Anneke

 

 

Annis, Harvey:

US-Lt; Co. G&K, 51st Regiment United States Colored Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M589 Roll 3, Plaque Number C 63; vgl. Roster 51st Regiment Colored Infantry; vgl. Salecker: Disaster on the Mississippi, a.a.O., S. 62; Anm.: bei Potter: Sultana Tragedy, a.a.O., S. 69 dagegen als Lt im 57th Regiment Colored Infantry genannt); zuvor Pvt, Co. F&K, 18th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers 559 Roll 1).

 

27.4.165 beim Untergang der USS Sultana. On 16.1.1865 Annis had submitted a letter of resignation from his unit in order to return home where his presence was required. He, his wife Ann Annis and their little children boarded on 24.4.1865 on the USS Sultana. Beim Untergang des Schiffes ertrank Harvey Annis mit seinem kind vor den Augen seiner Frau, die sich am Seitenruder des untergehenden Dampfers festhalten und retten konnte (vgl. Salecker: Disaster on the Mississippi, a.a.O., S. 62, 111; vgl. Potter: Sultana Tragedy, a.a.O., S. 69, 99-100; vgl. Testimony of Ann Harvey, in: Hoffmann Investigation „Records of the Investigation Conducted by General William Hoffmann“. Records of the General's Office, Record Group 153 National Archives).

 

Urkunden/Documents/Literature::

- **Annis, Harvey: Military Records of Lt Harvey Annis, Record Group 94, National Archives, Washington/CD

 

 

Anselm (Anselme), Albert:

US-BrigGen; Anselm war ab 22.4.1861 zunächst Captain, dann LtCol, Co. A, 3rd Regiment Missouri Infantry (3 months, 1861) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M390 Roll 1). 12.7.1861 aide-de-camp; 31.3.1862 als Col Stabschef von General Fremont (vgl. Pivány, Euge­ne: Hungarians in the American Civil War, a.a.O., S. 52).

 

Participated in the battle of Wilson's Creek, MO, Aug. 10, 1861 (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 176, 199; dort fehlerhaft als Anselm Albert benannt), where he was wounded and captured. At the start of the war, he played a prominent role in organizing pro-Union forces in St. Louis (vgl. http://www.twcenter.net/forums/showthread.php?124189-Hungarians-in-the-American-Civil-War).

 

Anselm stammte aus Ungarn und war zunächst LtCol in der Honved Army; dann mit General Bem in Aleppo (vgl. Pivány, Eugene: Hungarians in the American Civil War, a.a.O., S. 52).

 

Bei Rosengarten (vgl. Rosengarten: The German Soldiers, a.a.O., S. 163) wird Anselm dagegen als Deutscher genannt.

 

Bei Eicher (vgl. Eicher: Civil War High Commands, a.a.O. S. 587) heißt es: Born Hungary; LtCol 3. Mo. Inf. 24.6.1861; MOV 30.8.1861; Col. U.S.A ADC, 20.9.1861 – 14.11.1861; ADC to John Frémont, Sept. 1861 – April 1862; Col. U.S.A ADC, 31.5.1862; acting BrigGen (appointed by John C. Frémont, 10.10.1861); BrigGen 28.4.1862; appointment tabled, 18.6.1862 (perhaps confirmed in error), res. 8.6.1864.

 

 

Anthony, Daniel Read:

US-LtCol; Co. F&S, 7th Regiment Kansas Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M542 Roll 1).

 

1824-1904; geboren in Massachusetts; 1843 zog er mit seiner Eltern nach Rochester / New York; 1854 nach Kansas aus­gewandert, kehrte jedoch im Herbst 1854 nach New York State zurück, wo er sich der Republican Party anschloß (vgl. Starr, Jennis­on's Jayhawkers, a.a.O., S. 6, 52 ff); kehrte 1857 endgültig nach Kansas zurück; dort schloß er sich der Free State Party an war akti­ver Abolitionist, der sich an der Befreiung von Sklaven als Fluchthelfer engagierte; Versicherungsmakler, Editor der Zeitung 'Leaven­worth Conservative'; 7th Kansas Cavalry (Jennison's Jayhawkers);

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Star, Jennison's Jayhawkers, a.a.O., S. 6, 52 ff

 

 

Apperson, A. A.:

US-Major, Regimentskommandeur 5th Illinois Cavalry; Teilnahme an Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 1863; Cavalry Brigade Col. Cy­rus Bussey (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg III 1145).

 

 

Apperson, John Samuel:

CS-Hospital Stewart; zunächst Pvt, Co. D, 4th Regiment Virginia Infantry; später Hospital Stewart, Co. F&S, 4th Regiment Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 12).

 

1837-1908; Hospital Orderly in der 4th Virginia Infantry, Stonewall Jackson's Army of the Valley (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 66, 91, 95, 504 Anm. 3)

 

Documents/Literature::

- **Apperson, John: Unpublished Diary of John Apperson, der Jahre 1861-62. Rockbridge Historical Society, Lexington, Va.

- **Apperson Family Papers, ca. 1859-1985. Blacksburg, Virginia, family. John Samuel Apperson (1837-1908) served as a hospital ste­ward under Dr. Harvey Black in the 4th Virginia Regiment and the field hospital of the Second Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, du­ring the Civil War, and later became a doctor. Papers include Apperson's correspondence (ca. 1850-1900) and Civil War diaries (1861-65, 6 diaries); a medallion (1893) commemorating the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbus's discovery of America ow­ned by John S. Apperson; the correspondence and genealogical notes (ca. 1920-85) of Mr. and Mrs. Alex Apperson; and a notebook containing a Blacksburg history (1944) by Mary Apperson. Also includes scrapbooks (1933-50) of clippings, correspondence, and te­legrams with information about the political career of Harvey Black Apperson (1890-1948), who was a State Senator and Attorney General of Virginia. Genealogical notes and sources compiled by Alex and Miriam Apperson include information on the Amiss, Crockett, Dudley, Mastin, Porter, Tynes, and Woodbridge families. The Appersons were connected by marriage to the Black and Kent families, and related materials may be found in the Black and Kent family collections. Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collec­tions: Civil War guide - Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libra­ries Ms74-017.

 

 

Appler, Jesse J.:

US-Col; 53rd Ohio Infantry; in der Vorkriegszeit war Appler Wirtschaftsprüfer und Richter in Portsmouth, Ohio; Mitglied der Ohio Miliz.

 

Im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh gehörte die 53rd Ohio Infantry zur 3rd Brigade Col Jesse Hildebrand 5th Division BrigGen William T. Sherman in Grant's Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 320, 131; Grant, U. S.: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh; in: B&L, vol. I, a.a.O., S. 538).

 

Sein Regiment stieß am 4.6.1862, zwei Tage vor der Schlacht von Shiloh auf starke CS-Kräfte und meldete dies dem Divisions­kommandeur Sherman; Sherman ließ daraufhin antworten: "There is no enemy closer than Corinth" (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 137); am Samstag 5.4.1862 nachts, am Vorabend der Schlacht von Shiloh, entdeckte das Regiment CS-Scouts, woraufhin Col Appler eine nicht vom Divisionskommando nicht genehmigte Aufklärung der 53rd Ohio Infantry südlich Rhea's Field anordnete (vgl. Da­niel, a.a.O., S. 156). Bei Angriffsbeginn am 6.4.1862 wurde das Regiment von der 6th Mississippi Infantry angegriffen, die 70,5% Verlu­ste erlitt. Col Appler verlor dennoch die Nerven, befahl den Rückzug und flüchtete (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 159).

 

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