Version 6.4.2017



Der Amerikanische

Bürgerkrieg 1861-1865


Literatur-Datenbank (im Aufbau)



ausgewertet von

Eberhard Ref



Literaturliste zum American Civil War (Books and Articles):



Litera N


Nachtigall, Hermann: History of the 75th Regiment, PA. Vols (reprint North Riverside 1987)


Naisawald, L. Vanloan: Grape & Canister, the Story of the Field Artillery of the Army of the Potomac +++ergänzen+++


Nance, Ivey: Family History for the Descendants of John Milledge Gilbert Strickland: The Union of John Strickland and Sarah Hart Knight (2012) (darin Captain Jordan Rowland, 34th Regiment Georgia Infantry)


Nash, Charles Edward: Biographical Sketches of Gen. Pat Cleburne and Gen. T. C. Hindman (Dayton: Press of the Morningside Bookshop, 1977)


Nash, Eugene Arus: A History of the Forty-Fourth Regiment New York Volunteer Infantry in the Civil War, 1861-1865 (1911, Re­print, Dayton, Ohio: Morningside, 1988)


Neil, Henry (Captain 22nd Battery Ohio Light Artillery): A Battery at Close Quarters, by Captain Henry Neil; pamphlet of paper read before the Ohio Commandery, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, N.p., n.d.


Neill, Edward D.: „Last Year of President Lincoln's Life“; in: Glimpses of the Nation's Struggle. A Series of Papers Minnesota Commandery of the Military Legion of the United States (St. Paul, Minnesota, 1887), pp. 29-53


Nelson, Jacquelyn S.: Indiana Quakers Confront the Civil War (Indiana University Press); 322pp. Not all members of the Quaker "Society of Friends" opposed the Civil War in Indiana. More than 1000 served in the war and others supported the war effort. This is their story.


Nelson, Larry E.: Bullets, Ballots, and Rhetoric: Confederate Policy for the United States Presidential Contest of 1864 (University, Ala, 1980)


Nelson, Larry Earl: "The Confederacy and the United States Presidential Election of 1864" (Ph. D. diss, Duke University, 1975)


Nesbitt, Mark: Saber and Scapegoat. J.E.B. Stuart and the Gettysburg Controversy (Mechanicsburg 1997)


Newman, Philip Charles: „Ulrich Bonnell Phillips – the South's Foremost Historian,“ The Georgia Historical Quarterly, xxv (September, 1941), p. 244-261


Newsome, Edmund: Experience in the War of the Great Rebellion by a Soldier of the 81st Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry from August, 1862 to August, 1865 (Carbondale, Ill.: by the author, 1880)


Newton, Steven H.: Joseph E. Johnston and the Defense of Richmond (University of Kansas Press, 1998)


Nevins, Allan: Ordeal for the Union: 8bändige Reihe bestehend aus:

- +++ Nevins, Allan: Ordeal for the Union (vol 1):+++

+++ Nevins, Allan: Ordeal for the Union (vol 2):++++

Nevins, Allan: Ordeal for the Union (vol 3): The Emergence of Lincoln, Part 1 (New York: Charles Sribner's Sons, 1950)


Nevins, Allan: Ordeal for the Union (vol 4): The Emergence of Lincoln, Part 2 (New York: Charles Sribner's Sons, 1951)


Nevins, Allan: Ordeal for the Union (vol 5 und 6): The Improvised War 1861- 1862 (Vol. 5) und War Becomes Revolution 1862-1863 (Vol. 6); (New York 1959, Neuauflage 1992)


++++- Nevins, Allan: Ordeal for the Union (vol 7): The War for the Union: 1863-1864++++


Nevins, Allan: Ordeal for the Union (vol 8): The War for the Union: The Organized War to Victory 1864-1865 Emergence of Lincoln, Part 1 (New York: Charles Sribner's Sons, 1971)


Nevins, Allan: The War for the Union: The Organized War to Victory 1864-1865 (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1971): Ne­vins faßt die herrschende Meinung (S. 326) zusammen: es gab keine Aktion des Südens auf Veranlassung von Jefferson Davis oder anderer einflußreicher Führer der Konföderation. Booth handelte auf eigene Initiative. Nevins erkannte an, daß Eisenschiml's These von einem Komplott des US-Kriegsministers Stanton falsch ist (vgl. Tidwell, a.a.O., S. 6)


Nevins, Allan (ed.): A Diary of Battle. The Personal Journals of Colonel Charles S. Wainwright (New York: Da Capo Press 1998, reprint der Erstausgabe von 1962)


Newhall, Beaumont and Nancy: Timothy O'Sullivan, Photographer (Rochester, NY: George Eastman House, 1966)


Newlin, W. H., comp.: A History of the Seventy-third Regiment of Illinois Volunteer Infantry (Springfield / Illinois, 1890)


Newton, Steven H.: Joseph E. Johnston and the Defense of Richmond (University of Kansas Press, 1998)


New York Monument for the Battlefields of Gettysburg and Chattanooga: Final Report of the Battlefield of Gettysburg , Vol. I (Albany, 1900)


Nichol, David (Sergeant, Independent Battery E, Pennsylvania Light Artillery): Diary and Letters (Civil War Times Illustrated Collection, US-Army Military History Research Collection, Carlisle Barracks / Pennsylvania)


Nichols, Edward J.: Toward Gettysburg: A Biography of General John F. Reynolds (University Park: The Pennsylvania State Uni­versity Press, 1958)


Nichols, George W.: A Soldiers Story of His Regiment (61st Georgia) and Incidents of the Lawton-Gordon-Evans Brigade (n.p., 1898; reprint Kennesaw, Ga.: Continental Book, 1961)


Nichols, George W. (US-Major and aide-de-camp to Sherman) The Story of the Great March from the Diary of a Staff Officer (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1865)


Niebaum, John H.: History of the Pittsburgh Washington 102nd (Old 13th) Regiment Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteers and its Fore­bears 1792 to 1930 (Pittsburgh 1931)


Niven, John: Gideon Welles - Lincoln's Secretary of the Navy (Baton Rouge and London: Louisiana State University Press, 1973)


Noble, Henry T. (Captain, 13th Illinois Infantry): Military History and Reminiscenses of the Thirteenth Regiment of Illinois Volunteer Infantry in the Civil War in the United States, 1861-1865. Chicago 1892


Noe, Kenneth W.: Perryville. This grand Havoc of Battle (University Press of Kentucky, 2001)


Nofi, Albert A.: The Gettysburg Campaign, June – July 1863 (Conshohocken, 1986 und 1993)


Nolan, Alan T. and Vipond, Sharon Eggleston: Giants in their tall Black Hats - Essays on the Iron Brigade, Bloomington/Indiana 1998


Nolan, Alan T.: The Iron Brigade. A Military History (First Indiana University Press Edition 1994, der Erstausgabe 1961)


Nolan, Alan: „R. E. Lee and July I at Gettysburg; in: Gallagher, Gary W. (ed.): The First Day at Gettysburg. Essays on Confederate and Union Leadership (Kent State University Press 1993)


Nolan, James D.: "A Bold and Fearless Rider': The Life of Major General John Buford." M.A. thesis, St. John's University, 1994


Noll, Emmanuel (Pvt; 123rd Pennsylvania Infantry): „Allabach‘s Brigade. It Attacked at Fredericksburg Before Tyler’s Brigade, and Went Farther,” National Tribune, October 1, 1908


Norton, Oliver Willcox: The Attack and Defense of Little Round Top, Gettysburg, July 2, 1863 (Originalausgabe 1913, reprinted Stan Clark Military Books: Gettysburg 1992)


Nosworthy, Brent: The Bloody Crucible of Courage: Fighting Methods and Combat Experience of the Civil War (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, 2003)


Nosworthy, Brent: Roll Call to Destiny. A Soldier's Eye View of Civil War Battles (New York 2008)


Norton, Oliver Willcox: The Attack and Defense of Little Round Top, Gettysburg, July 2, 1863 (Originalausgabe 1913, reprinted Stan Clark Military Books: Gettysburg 1992)


Nott, Charles C. (Captain 5th Iowa Infantry): Sketches of the War (New York 1865); 184 pp plus ads. Nevins says of this "Exceptio­nally good account of the first battles in the West by a captain in the 5th Iowa Cavalry; his prison life, which began in the summer of 1863, is vividly described in another volume, Sketches in Prison Camps."


Nugent, William L. (2ndLt, 28th Mississippi Infantry): My Dear Nellie. The Civil War Letters of William L. Nugent to Eleanor Smith Nugent; ed. William M. Cash and Lucy Somerfield Howorth (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1977)


Nye, Wilbur Sturtevant: Here come the Rebels! (Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge 1965) (Focus on Ewell's Second Corps formerly commanded by Stonewall Jackson; details action around Winchester and cavalry engagements at Aldie, Middleburg and Upperville)








Litera O


Oates, Dan (Hrsg.): The Hanging Rock Ribel: Lt. John Blue's War in West Virginia and the Shenandoah Valley (White Mane Publishers,. 1993)


Oates, Stephen B.: To Purge this Land with Blood: A Biography of John Brown (New York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1970)


Oates, Stephen B.: Confederate Cavalry West of the River. Austin, 1961


Oates, William C. ( Colonel, 15th Alabama Infantry): The War between the Union and the Confederacy and its lost opportunities, with a history of the 15th Alabama regiment and the forty-eight bottles in which it was engaged. New York: Neale Pub. Co., 1905 [Reprinted, Dayton, OH: Morningside Press, 1985; reprinted, microfiche] - With an introduction by Robert Krick. Oates and his unit faced Chamberlain's 20th Maine at Little Round Top and went on to fight in the Shenandoah Valley, Second Manassas, Fredericksburg and Chickamauga. Includes ros­ters of the 15th Alabama and sketches of the other four regiments of Law's Brigade


Oates, William C. "Gettysburg, the battle on the right," in Southern Historical Society Papers, VI (1878) 172-182


O'Brien, Kevin E.: Give Them Another Volley, Boys: Biddle's Brigade Defends the Union Left on July 1, 1863; Gettysburg Maga­zin Nr. 19


Official Records, Series I, Vol. 5: Carnifex Ferry, Ball's Bluff. Operations in Maryland, Northern Virginia, and West Virginia, 17.8.1861.-17.3.1862


Official Records, Series I, Vol. 12, Part I Reports: Operations in Northern Virginia, West Virginia and Maryland, 17.3.-2.9.1862


Official Records, Series I, Vol. 12, Part II Reports: Operations in Northern Virginia, West Virginia and Maryland, 17.3.-2.9.1862


Oldroyd, Osborn H. (20th Ohio): A Soldiers Story of the Siege of Vicksburg, from the Diary of Osborn H. Oldroyd. Late Sergeant Co. E., 20th Ohio, Springfield, 1885


Olds, Fred A.: „Brave Carolinian Who Fell at Gettysburg“. How Colonel Henry King Burgwyn Lost His Life; in Southern Histori­cal Society Papers 36 [1908], S. 245-247 [Bericht von Pvt William M. *Cheek über den Tod von Col. Burgwyn])


Olmstedt, Edwin, Stark, Wayne E. und Tucker, Spencer C.: The Big Guns: Civil War Siege, Seacost and Naval Cannon


Osborn, Hartwell (Captain) et. al.: Trials and Triumphs. The Record of the Fifty-Fifth Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Chicago 1904)


Osborn, Thomas Ward: The Fiery Trail: A Union Officer's Account of Sherman's Last Campaigns; ed. Richard Harwell and Philip N. Racine (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1986)


Osbourn, Francis A.: „The Twentieth Indiana Infantry,“ Indiana State Library


Otis, George H.: The Second Wisconsin Infantry, ed. Alan D. Gaff (Morningside Bookshop 1984)


Overdyke, W. Darrell: The Know Nothing Party in the South (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1950)


Overholser, James P. (Pvt; 81st Ohio Infantry): Three Years with the Union Army: Personal Experiences of a Private Soldier, N.p., n.d.


Owen, William Miller: In Camp and Battle with the Washington Artillery of New Orleans (Boston: Ticknor and Comp, 1885, re­print Gaithersburg, Maryland: Butternut Press)


Owsley, Frank L. and C. Harriett: "King Cotton Diplomacy (University of Chicago Press, 1931)








Litera P


Paddock, George: „The Beginnings of an Illinois Volunteer Regiment in 1861,“ in: Military Essays and Recollections: Papers Read Before the Commandery of the State of Illinois, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States (4 vols., Chicago, 1984), Vol. II, 258


Page, Charles: History of the Fourteenth Regiment, Connecticut Volunteer Infantry (Meriden, Conn., 1906


Paige, Charles C. (11th New Hampshire Infantry): The Experiences of Lieut. Charles C. Paige in the Civil War of 1861. As Told by Himself (Franklin, NH 1911)


Paludan, Philipp Shaw: A People's Contest: The Union and Civil War, 1861-1865 Second Edition, with a New Preface: Union and Civil War +++bestellt+++


Panzer, Mary: Mathew Brady and the Image of History (Smithsonian, 2004)


Parker, David B. (2nd Lieutenant 72nd NY Volunteers): A Chautauqua Boy in 61 and Afterwards (Small Maynard, Boston 1912); Edited by his son Torrance


Parker, James (LtCol. 13rd US-Cavalry): „Mounted and Dismounted Action of Cavalry“; in: Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States, Vol. 39 (1906), S. 382-387


Parker, John L. and Robert G. Carter: History of the Twenty-Second Massachusetts Infantry and the Third Light Battery in the War of the Rebellion (Boston 1887)


Parker, Price. From Alabama to Appomattox: History of the 9th Infantry; Pictures, Complete Muster Roll. Athens, AL: Athens News Courier, 1960 (reissued, 1969)


Parker, Thomas H.: History of the 51st Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers (Butternut and Blue)


Parks, Joseph H.: General Edmund Kirby Smith, C.S.A. ( LSU Press, Baton Rouge, 1957)


Parsons, Henry C. (Captain, 1st Vermont Cavalry): "How General Farnsworth was Killed." National Tribune, Aug. 7, 1890


Parsons, Henry C. (Captain, 1st Vermont Cavalry): "Farnsworth Charge and Death." in: B & L, Vol. 3, S. 393 ff.


Partridge, Charles A.: History of the Ninety-sixth Regiment Ill. Vol. Inf. (Chicago: Brown, Pettibone Co., 1887)


Partridge, George W. Jr. (7th Wisconsin Infantry): Letters from the Iron Brigade: George W. Partridge Jr., 1839-1863: Civil War Letters to his Sisters (Guild Press); 125 pp; Partridge served in the 7th Wisconsin of the famous Iron Brigade. This complete set of letters is edited by High Whitehouse provide an "...intimate and informative picture of Civil War solde­ring. They ARE history." -- Alan Nolan, author if The Iron Brigade.


Patrick, Marsena R.: Inside Lincoln's Army: The Diary of Marsena Rudolph Patrick, Provost Marshall General, Army of the Poto­mac. Edited by David S. Sparks (New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1964)


Patrick, Robert: Reluctant Rebel: The Secret Diary of Robert Patrick, 1861-1865; ed. F. Jay Taylor (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959)


Patterson, Gerard A.: Justice or Atrocity. General George E. Pickett and the Kingston, N.C. Hangings Gettysburg / Pennsylvania: Thomas Publications, 1998)

Patterson, Gerard A.: The Death of Iverson's Brigade; aus: Gettysburg Magazine Nr. 5 (July 1991)


Patterson, Gerard A.: Rebels from West Point : The 306 U.S. Military Academy Graduates Who Fought for the Confederacy (Mechanicsburg: Stackpole, 1987, 2002)


Paul, Barbara Dotts: Wisconsin. An Annotated Bibliography (Westport/Ct., 1999)


Paxton John G. (ed.): Elisha Franklin Paxton: Memoir and Memorials (New York, 1907)


Payne, Edwin Waters (First Sergeant 43th Illinois Infantry): History of the Thirty-Fourth Regiment of Illinois Infantry (Clinton, 1903)


Peabody, J. H. (Sergeant, 61st Ohio Infantry): „Battle of Chancellorsville“; G.A.R. War Papers: Papers read before Fred. C. Jones Post, Nr. 401, Department of Ohio, G.A.R., Volume 1, pp. 49-59


Pearce, Haywood Jefferson: Benjamin H. Hill: Secession and Reconstruction (Greenwood Press, new edition of 1928) ++bestellt+++


Pearson, William Whatley und Bell Wiley (ed.) "Whipt 'Em Everytime": The Diary of Bartlett Yancey Malone (McGowatt Mercer: Jackson, 1960; Originally published in 1919), 131 pp, Index, Photos, Roster


Pease, Theodore Calvin and Randall, James G. (ed.): The Diary of Orville H. Browning (2 Vols, Springfield: Illinois State Historical Library, 1925, 1933)


Penny, Morris M.: and J. Gary Laine: Struggle for the Round Tops. Law's Alabama Brigade at the Battle of Gettysburg, July 2-3, 1863 (Shippensburg: Burd Street Press, 1999)


Pennypacker, Isaac R.: General Meade (New York: D. Appleton, 1910)


Pennypacker, Samuel W.: Six Weeks in Uniform: Being the Record of a Term in the Military Service of the United States in the Gettysburg Campaign of 1863. 26te PA Emergency Infantry June 16 to August 1, 1863 (Norristown, PA: County of Montgomery, 2002)


Pepper, George W.: Personal Recollections of Sherman's Campaign in Georgia and the Carolinas (Zanesville, Ohio: Jugh Dunne Co., 1866)


Perman, Michael: Major Problems in the Civil War and Reconstruction +++bestellt+++


Pessen, Edward: Jacksonian America: Society, Personality and Politics (Homewood/Ill.: The Dorsey Press, 1969) (Holt: The Political Crisis, a.a.O., S. 261: „Excellent Biography“)


Peteler, Francis (Captain, Co. A, 2nd Regiment US Sharpshooters): "Narrative of the First Company of Sharpshooters," Minnesota in the Civil War, St. Paul, 1889.


Peterson, Richard C.: Sterling Price's Lieutenants: A Guide to the Officers and Organization of the Missouri State Guard, 1861-1865 (Two Trails Publishing, 1995)


Pettis, George H: The Confederate Invasion of New Mexico and Arizona; in: Battles and Leaders, Vol. 2 S. 103


Petruzzi, J. David: „John Buford at Gettysburg: A Study in Maps.“ America's Civil War (July 2008): 33-37


Petruzzi, J. David and Steven Stanley: The Gettysburg Campaign in Numbers and Losses (El Dorado Hills, CA, 2013)


Peyton, Lewis J.: History of Augusta County (Staunton, Va.: Yost and Son 1882)


Pfanz, Donald C.: Richard S. Ewell. A Soldier's Life (University of North Carolina Press, 1998)


Pfanz, Donald C.  "Negligence on the Right: The 11th Corps At  Chancellorsville." The Morningside Notes.  Dayton, Ohio: Morningside Books, 1984. 


Pfanz, Harry W.: Gettysburg. The First Day (University of North Carolina Press, 2001)


Pfanz, Harry W.: Gettysburg. The Second Day (University of North Carolina Press, 1987)


Pfanz, Harry W.: Gettysburg – Culp's Hill and Cemetery Hill Harry W. Pfanz (Univers8ity of North Carolina Press: 1993)


Pfanz, Harry W.: „Old Jack' is Not Here.“ in: Gabor S. Boritt (ed.): The Gettysburg Nobody Knows (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997)


Phillips, Ulrich B. (ed.): The Correspondence of Robert Toombs, Alexander H. Stephens, and Howell Cobb, Annual Report of the American Historical Association, 1911


Philipps, Ulrich B.(ed.): The Correspondence of Robert Toombs, Alexander H. Stephens, and Howell Cobb (Washington, 1913)


Philipps, Ulrich B.: Life and Labor in the Old South (Boston, 1929)


Philipps, Ulrich B.: Plantation and Frontier Documents 1649-1863; Illustrative of Industrial History in the Colonial and Antebellum South: Collected from MSS. and Other Rare Sources, 2 Bände, Arthur H. Clark 1909


Philipps, Ulrich B.: American Negro Slavery: A Survey of the Supply, Employment and Control of Negro Labor as Determined by the Plantation Regime (New York, 1918)


Phisterer, Frederick: New York in the War of the Rebellion 1861 to 1865 (Albany 1890, reprint 2012)


Phisterer, Frederick: The Regular Brigade of the Fourteenth Army Corps ... in the Battle of Murfreesboro (Albany / New York, 1883)


Pickenpaugh, Roger: Rescue by Rail: Troop Transfer and the Civil War in the West, 1863 (University of Nebrasca Press, 1998)


Pickerill, W. N.: History of the Third Indiana Cavalry (Indianapolis 1906)


Piatt, Don: Memories of the Men Who Saved the union (New York, 1887)


Pickett, George E.: The Heart of a Soldier, as Revealed in the Intimate Letters of Genl. George E. Pickett, CSA. Edited by LaSalle Corbell Pickett. New York: Seth Moyle, Inc., 1913 (s. Anm. bei Pickett, LaSalle Corbell: Pickett, a.a.O.)


Pickett, George E.: Soldier of the South: General Pickett's War Letters to His Wife. Edited by Arthur Crew Inman. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1928 (reprint Freeport, N. Y.: Books for Libraries Press, 1971)


Pickett, LaSalle Corbell: Picket and His Men. Atlanta: Foote & Davies Co., 1900

Anm.: Anyone who peruses La Salle Corbell Pickett: Pickett's Men (three editions, the first published in Atlanta, 1900) or any of her autobiographical works, then reads those compilations of letters purportedly written by her husband, will readily discover that the voice that speaks from Heart of a Soldier and Soldier of the South is not George Pickett's, but his widow's. There are other clues to authorship beyond empirical evidence. Both Heart of a Soldier and Soldier of the South include letters that detail certain events with which Pickett could not have been conversant at the time he supposedly wrote. Other passages bear an uncanny similarity to the pu­blished and unpublished writings of his contemporaries. Occasionally material is lifted whole from Walter Harrison's Pickett's Men: A Fragment of War History (New York, 1870); the wartime letters of Pickett's artillery chief, Major James Dearing; and other sources. Another indication of authorship is that many of the published letters contain long passages mimicking the African-Ameri­can dialect of the mid-nineteenth century South. None of the extant Pickett letters contains such material - although stereotypical black dialect was a subject on which Mrs. Pickett wrote and lectured widely in her later years. Mrs. Pickett's involvement in rewriting her husband's letters was remarkably thorough. In Soldier of the South, she permitted the publication of three extant letters along with all but two of the letters originally published in Heart of a Soldier. It can be seen that she edited and embellished even the au­thentic missives, as if she could not bear to show the reading public material that did not contain her touch. For a more detailed study of her literary efforts, see Gary W. Gallagher, «A Widow and Her Soldier: La Salle Corbell Pickett as Author of the George E. Pickett Letters," VMH&B94 (1986): 329-44. See also Appendix B («The Pickett 'Letters"') in George R. Stewart, Pickett's Charge: A Micro­history of the Final Attack at Gettysburg, July 3, 1863 (Greenwich, Conn., 1963), 259-60. Because portions of the published letters appear to contain authentic material, selected passages have been incorporated into the present work when they tally with known facts, when they present a reasonably accurate account of events, and when they offer a plausible interpretation of Pickett's frame of mind (aus Longacre: Pickett, a.a.O., S. 182 Anm. 5).


Pierce, Benjamin Franklin (14th New Hampshire): An Enduring Love: The Civil War Diaries of Benjamin Franklin Pierce (14th New Hampshire Infantry) and his Wife Harriett Jane Goodwon Pierce (Thomas Publishing); 180 pp; edited by Sheila Cumberworth & Daniel Biles


Pierce, Edward L.: Memoir and Letters of Charles Sumner (4 vols, 1877-1893)


Pierce, J. V.: „Gettysburg – Last Words as to What Regiment Opened the Battle.“ National Tribune, April 3, 1884


Pierce, Lyman G. (Sergeant, 2nd Iowa Cavalry): History of the Second Iowa Cavalry (Burlington, Iowa, 1865)


Pierrepont, Alice V. D.: Reuben Vaughan Kidd, soldier of the Confederacy, Petersburg, 1947


Pierson, W. W., Jr.: „The Committee of the Conduct of the War“; American Historical Review 23 (1918), S. 550-76; Anm.: The artic­le has been oversided by Tap: Over Lincoln's Shoulder, as the primary overall study (vgl. Sauers: The Meade-Sickles Controversy, a.a.O., S. 30 und S. 167 Anm. 6).


Pinchon, Edgcumb: Dan Sickles: Hero of Gettysburg and "Yankee King of Spain" (Garden City, New York: Doubleday, Doran, 1945). Pichon's book is overly laudatory and contains no footnotes for verification of his sources (vgl. Sauers: Gettysburg: The Mea­de-Sickles Controversy, a.a.O., S. 164 Anm. 14)


Pindell, Richard: „Fighting for Little Round Top: The 20th Maine Maine,“ Civil War Times Illustrated, 21 (Feb. 1983), p. 12-20


Piston, William Garrett: Lee's Tarnished Lieutenant. James Longstreet and His Place in Southern History (The University of Georgia Press: Athens and London, 1987)


Pittenger, William (Lieutenant, 2nd Ohio Vols): "Daring and Suffering. A History of the Great Railroad Adventure" (1st Edition, Phil­adelphia 1863)


Pittenger, William (Lt, 2nd Ohio Infantry): Capturing A Locomotive. A History of Secret Service in the late War (Washington: The National Tribune, 1885, reprint 2000)


Plummer, John W. (Sergeant; 1st Regiment Minnesota Infantry): Letter to Brother. The Star Atlas (Minneapolis), August 26, 1863, Copy in Brake Collection, USMHI


Poague, William T.: Gunner with Stonewall, edited by Monroe F. Cockriel [Jackson, Tn., 1957]


Polk, William: Leonidas Polk, Bishop and General. 2 vols (New York, 1915)


Polk, William M.: General Polk and the Battle of Belmont; in: Battles and Leaders, a.a.O., Vol. I S. 348 ff.


Pollard, Edward A.: Black Diamonds (New York 1859); Anm.: Ende der 1850er Jahre träumten manche von einer Ausdehnung des Sü­dens der USA in ein tropischen, sklavenhalterisches Reich. Der Journalist Pollard aus Virginia griff diesen Wunschtraum mit seinem Buch auf (vgl. McPherson: Für die Freiheit, a.a.O., S. 106


Polley, Joseph B.: Hood's Texas Brigade, Its Marches, Its Battles, Its Achievements (Originally Published 1910; Reprint Forgotten Books 2012)


Poore, Ben: Perley, ed.: The Conspiracy Trial for the Murder of the President. 3 vols. (1865-66; reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1972)


Pope, John: The Military Memoirs of General John Pope; Edited by Peter Cozzens and Robert Girardi (University of North Carolina Press: Chapel Hill, 1998)


Porter, Horace: Campaigning with Grant (Reprint der Originalausgabe New York: Century, 1897)


Passo, Sam & Bill Crane. First Flag on the Summit: History of the 15th Indiana Civil War Regiment (Bloomington, IN: Author House, 2008)


Potter, David M.: Lincoln and His Party in the Secession Crisis (Yale University Press 1942, reprint Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University1995)


Potter, David M.: “C. Vann Woodward;“ in: Pastmasters: Some Essays on American Historians, ed. Marcus Cunliffe and Robert Winks (New York 1969, S. 375-76


Potter, David M.: People of Plenty +++bestellt+++


Potter, Jerry O.: The Sultana Tragedy. America's greatest Maritime Disaster (Gretna: Pelican Publishing Company, 1997)


Powell, William H.: Officers of the Army and Navy (Volunteer) who served in the Civil War (Philadelphia 1893, reprint London 2015)


Powell, William H.: The Fifth Army Corps (Army of the Potomac): A Record of Operations during the civil War in the United States of America, 1861-1865 (New York: G. P. Putnam‘s Sons, 1896)


Pressly, Thomas J.: Americans Interpret Their Civil War (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1954)


Priest, John Michael: Antietam. The Soldiers Battle (Shippensburg, 1989)


Priest, John Michael: Before Antietam. The Battle of South Mountain (Shippensburg 1992)


Priest, John Michael: Captain James Wren's Civil War Diary From New Bern to Fredericksburg (Berkley Books, Paperback Edition: 1991)


Pugh, David G.: Sons of Liberty: The Masculin Mind in Nineteenth-Century America (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1983)


Pullen. John J.: The Twentieth Maine (Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1957; reprint, Dayton, Ohio: Morningside, 1984); Nevins calls this "A model regimental history; the author drew largely from primary sources and presented his material in a style both dramatic and realistic".


Pullen, John J.: „Effects of Markmanship ,“ Gettysburg Magazine (January 1990), issue 2, 57-58


Puntenney, George H. (Sergeant 37th Indiana Infantry): History of the Thirty-seventh Regiment of Indiana Infantry Volunteers (Rushville, Indiana: Jacksonian Book & Job Department, 1896)


Purcell, Hugh D.: „The Nineteenth Massachusetts Regiment at Gettysburg.“ Essex Institute Historical Collections (October 1963), 277-288


Purman, J. J.: „General Zook at Gettysburg.“ National Tribune, March 25, 1909 (1stLt J. Jackson Purman, 140th PA Infantry)








Litera Q


Quarles, Benjamin: The Negro in the Civil War (Boston 1953, reprinted New York, 1989)


Quiner, E. B.: Military History of Wisconsin: A Record of the Civil and Military Patriotism in the War of Union (Chicago: Clarke & Co, 1866)


Quint, Alonzo H.: The Record of the Second Massachusetts Infantry, 1861-65 (Boston, 1867)









Litera R



Rable, George: News from Fredericksburg (Milwauckee 2000)


Rabun, J. Z.: "Alexander H. Stephens, 1812-1861," MS Dissertation, University of Chicago


Ralston, James A.: „Where the 61st Ohio Began its Career“; National Tribune 15.5.1884


Ramage, James A.: Gray Ghost. The Life of Colonel John Singleton Mosby (University of Kentucky Press, Lexington, Ky., 1999)


Ramage, James A.: Rebel Raider. The Life of General John Hunt Morgan (University Press of Kentucky: Lexington/KY, 1986)


Ranck, J. B.: Albert Gallatin Brown: Radical Southern Nationalist (D. Appleton-Century, 1937)


Randall, James G.: The Civil War and Reconstruction (D. C. Heath and Co., Boston: 1937, 1953), (2nd revised edition: Randall, James G. and Donald, David, Boston: D. C. Health & Company, 1969)


Randall, James G.: Lincoln the President, 4 vols. (New York, 1945-1955)


Randall, James G.: Lincoln the President. Springfield to Gettysburg. Volume Two (New York 1946)


Randall, James G.: Lincoln the President. Midstream (New York, 1953)


Randall, James G and Pease, Theodore Calvin(ed.): The Diary of Orville H. Browning (2 Vols, Springfield: Illinois State Historical Library, 1925, 1933)


Ratchford, James (Major, C.S.A.): Memoirs of a Confederate Staff Officer: From Bethel to Bentonville (White Mane, 1998). Edited by Evelyn Sieburg and James Hansen II.


Rauch, Basil: American Interest in Cuba, 1848-1855, (New York 1848)


Rauscher, Frank: Music on the March .... 114th Regiment, P. V., Collis’ Zouaves (Philadelphia: Press of Wm. F. Fell & Co, 1892)


Rawle, William Brooke (Capt, 3rd PA Cavalry): History of the Third Pennsylvania Cavalry, sixtieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volun­teers in the American Civil War, 1861-1865 (Philadelphia, 1905, 1st Edition)


Rawle, William Brooke (3rd PA Cavalry): The Right Flank at Gettysburg (Olde Soldier Books; Reprint of 1878 Original)


Raymond, Henry W. (ed.): „Excerpts from the Journal of Henry J. Raymond“. Scribner's Monthly, 19:3 (Jan. 1880), pp. 419-24; 19:3 ) Mar. 1880), pp. 703-10


Read, Ira (Captain, 101st Ohio Infantry) : "The Campaign from Chattanooga to Atlanta as Seen by a Federal Soldier," ed. Richard B. Harwell, Georgia Historical Quarterly 25 (1941)


Reagan, John H. (CS-Post Master General): Memoirs with Special Reference to Secession and the Civil War (New York, 1906)


Reardon, Carol: "Humphreys's Pennsylvania Division"; in: Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 80 ff.


Reck, W. Emerson: A. Lincoln – His Last 24 Hours (McFarland Publishing)


Reece, John Harvey: Civil War Papers; in: Georgia Department of Archives and History, Reference: ac 90-011, 2132-o5b (this col­lection contains five items, including a journal (1864-65) kept at Johnson's Island Prison in Ohio by Captain John Harvey Reece, Company G, 1st Regiment GVI


Reed, David (Major, 12rd Iowa Infantry): Campaigns and Battles of the 12th Iowa Infantry (Evanston / Illinois, 1903)


Reed, John C.: The Brothers' War (Boston, 1906)


Reese, Timothy: Sykes' Regular Infantry Division 1861-1864. A History of Regular United States Infantry Operations in the Civil War's Eastern Theater; 488 pp, photos, maps, tables, charts, bibliography, index. A very well researched reference work on the Regu­lar U.S. Infantry troops who formed the backbone of the Army of the Potomac. These troops served before and after the crisis, as pro­fessional soldiers have done till this day. Contains Orders of Battle, Medal of Honor winners, Casualty Lists


Reid, Whitelaw: Ohio in the War; her Statesmen, her Generals and Soldiers (2vols. Cincinnati, 1868)


Reinhart, Joseph R., ed. and trans.: Two Germans in the Civil War: The Diary of John Daeuble and the Letters of Gottfried Rentsch­ler, 6th Kentucky Volunteer Infantry (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2004)


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Rerick, John H.: The Forty-Fourth Indiana Volunteer Infantry. History of its Services in the War of the Rebellion and Personal Record of its Members (Lagrange/Indiana, 1880)


Rhett, Robert Barnwell Jr.: "The Confederate Government at Montgomery"; in: B & L, a.a.O., Vol. 1, S. 101


Rhett, Robert B., Sr.: Autobiography; Robert B. Rhett, Sr. Papers, South Carolina Historical Society, Charleston


Rhodes, Robert Hunt (ed.): All for the Union. The Civil War Diary and Letters of Elisha Hunt Rhodes (Lincoln Rhode Island, 1985, 1992)


Richardson, Albert D.: The Secret Service, the Field, the Dungeon, and the Escape (Hartford, Conn., 1865)


Richardson, James D. (ed.) A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents 1789-1897 (5 vols., Washington 1896-99)


Ringwalt, J. L.: Anecdotes of Gen. Ulysses S. Grant (Philadelphia 1886)


Rippy, Fred J.: "Mexican Projects of the Confederates," Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Vol. 22, No. 4 [April 1919], S. 293)


Roberts, Kenneth: Trending into Maine (Boston: Little, Brown, 1938


Robertson Jr., James I.: 4th Virginia Infantry (Howard Inc., Lynchburg, 1982)


Robertson, James I.: The Stonewall Brigade (Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge 1963, 1991)


Robertson, James I.: Soldiers in Blue and Gray +++ergänzen+++


Robertson, James I.: General A. P. Hill +++ergänzen+++


Robertson, James I. jr.: "The War in Words", Civil War Times Illustrated 14 (Oct. 1945, S. 44 (zur Geschichte der Manuskripte Alex­ander's; vgl. zum neusten Forschungsstand dagegen: Gallagher; in Alexander: Fighting, a.a.O., S. xxi)


Rhodes, Charles D.: History of the Cavalry of the Army of the Potomac (Kansas City / Missouri, 1900)


Rogers, A. L.: "The Confederate Flag," Southern Historical Society Papers, IX, S. 155-62


Rogers, A. L.: "Facts about 'The Cleburne Flag,'" Confederate Veteran, XVII (1909), S. 328


Ropes, John C.: The Army under Pope


Rollins, Richard (ed.): Pickett's Charge. Eyewitness Accounts (Redondo Beach/CA, 1994)


Rollins, Richard: „George Gordon Meade and the Defense of Cemetery Ridge“; Gettysburg Magazine, no. 19, July 1998


Roman, Alfred: The Military Operations of General Beauregard, 2 vols, New York, 1884


Ropes, Hannah US-Nurse): The Diary and Letters of Hannah Ropes; ed. John R. Brumgardt (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1980)


Rose, Victor M.: The Life and Services of Gen. Ben McCulloch (Philadelphia 1888)


Rose, Victor M.: Ross' Texas Brigade: Being a Narrative of Events Connected with its Service in the Late War Between the States (Reprint 1881, Kennesaw, 1960)


Rosengarten, Frederic: Freebosters must Die! The Life and Death of William Walker (Wayne, Pa., 1976)


Rosengarten, Joseph George: The German Soldier in the Wars of the United States (Philadelphia 1886, reprint)


Ross, FitzGerald: Cities and Camps of the Confederate States; edited by Richard Barksdale Harwell (University of Illinois Press, Ur­bana and Chicago, 1958, Neuausgabe 1997)


Ross, Sam: The Empty Sleeve: A Biography of Lucius Fairchild (Madison, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1964)


Rosser, Thomas L., Gen C.S.A.: Riding with Rosser (White Mane; edited by S. Roger Keller)


Rowe, D. Watson (LtCol; 126th Pennsylvania Infantry): "On the Field of Fredericksburg," in: Annals of the War, a.a.O., S. 257 ff.


Rowe, David Watson (LtCol; 126th Pennsylvania Infantry): “A Sketch of the 126th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers“. Prepared by an Officer, and Sold for the Benefit of the Franklin County Soldiers’ Monumental Association (Chambersburg, Pa.: Cook & Hays, 1869)


Rowland, Dunbar (ed.): Jefferson Davis, Constitutionalist: His Letters, Papers and Speeches. 10 vols (Jackson: Mississippi Depart­ment of Archives and History, 1923)


Royster, Charles: The Destructive War: William Tecumseh Sherman, Stonewall Jackson, and the Americans (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1991)


Ruff, Joseph R.: "Civil War Experiences of a German Emigrant. As Told by the Late Joseph Ruff of Albion." (Michigan History Ma­gazine, Vol. XXVII (1943), S. 271-301


Rusling, James F.: Men and Things I Saw in the Civil War Days (New York: Eaton & Mains; Cincinnati: Curts & Jennings, 1899). Anm.: in der Gettysburg Campaign war LtCol Rusling Mitglied im Stab von MajGen Sickles (vgl. Sauers: Gettysburg. The Meade-Sickles Contro­versy, a.a.O., S. 48).


Russell, Andrew J.: Russel's Civil War Photographs (New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1990)


Ryan, Thomas: Spies, Scouts, and Secrets in the Gettysburg Campaign ++++Erscheinungsort, etc. klären+++







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Scott, Newton and Hannah: Letters from a Iowa Soldier in the Civil War, +++ergänzen+++


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Sellers, James B: Slavery in Alabama (University of Alabama Press, 1950)


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Shaara, Michael: The Killer Angels (New York: McKay, 1974) (Anm.: A Novel; vgl. LaFantasie: Josua Chamberlain and the Ameri­can Dream; in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S.52).


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Shaffer, Donald R.: After the Glory: The Struggles of Black Civil War Veterans (2004). Traces the efforts of black veterans to secure authonomy, equality as civilians, and dignified manhood, and the obstacles they encountered as their lives assumed patterns, and they struggled with political involvement, family and martial life, experiences with social welfare, comradship with other veterans, and memories to the war.


Shanks, Henry Thomas: The Secession Movement in Virginia, 1847-1861 (Ams Printing Inc.: 1971)


Shannon, Fred (ed.): The Civil War Letters of Sergeant Onley Andrus (Urbana, Ill., 1947)


Shannon, Isaac N.: "Sharpshooters in Hood's Army"; Confederate Veteran 15 (1907), S. 406-407


Shaw, John M. (Captain): „The Life and Services of General John A. Rawlins,“ in: Glimpses of the Nation's Struggle, Vol. III,

p. 387


Shea, William L. und Hess, Earl J.: Pea Ridge. Civil War Campaign in the West.", 1992


Sheridan, Philip H.: The Personal Memoirs of P. H. Sheridan (Originalausgabe 1888, 2 vols; Neuausgabe in einem Band; Da Capo Press: New York, 1992)


Sherman, W. T.: Personal Memoirs of Gen. W. T. Sherman, Band 1 (New York: Jenkins & McCowan, 1890, reprint, No. Scituate / MA: 1999)


Sherman, W. T.: Personal Memoirs of Gen. W. T. Sherman, Band 2 (New York: Jenkins & McCowan, 1890, reprint, No. Scituate / MA: 1999)


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Shultz, David: "Double Canister at ten Yards." The Federal Artillery and the Repulse of Pickett's Charge (Rank and File Publications: Redondo Beach / California, 1995)


Shultz, David L. and Scott L. Mingus Sr.: The Second Day at Gettysburg: The Attack and Defense of Cemetery Ridge, July 2, 1863 (Savas Beatie: California 2015)


Sickles, Daniel E., D. McM. Gregg, John Newton and Daniel Butterfield: „Further Recollections of Gettysburg“. North American Review, Vol. 152, no. 412 (March 1891)


Siegel, Alan A.: For the Glory of the Union: Myth, Reality, and the Media in the Civil War New Jersey (Rutherford N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1984)


Siepel, Kevin H.: Rebel - The Life and Times of John Singleton Mosby (New York: St. Martins Press, 1983)


Sifakis, Stewart: Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Mississippi (Facts On Line, Inc.: New York, 1995)


Sifakis, Stewart: Who was Who in the Union. A Biographical Encyclopedia of more than 1500 Union Participants (Vol. I of Who was Who in the Civil War; New York 1988)


Simpson, Brooks D: Great Expectations: Ulysses S. Grant, the Northern Press, and the Opening if the Wilderness Campaign; in: Gallagher, Gary W. (ed.): The Wilderness Campaign (The University of North Carolina Press: Chapel Hill & London, 1997), S. 1 ff.


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Small, Abner R.: The Road to Richmond: The Civil War Memoirs of Major Abner R. Small of the 16th Maine Volunteers; ed. Ha­rold A. Small (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1939)


Smart, James G.: A Radical View: The Agate Dispatches of Whitelaw Reid. 2 vols (Memphis: Memphis State University Press, 1976)


Smith, Albert E., Jr: Civil War Diaries and Personal Narratives. A Selected Bibliography of Books in the General Collection of the Library of Congress (Washington/CS, 1998)


Smith, Charles H.: History of Fuller's Ohio Brigade (Cleveland, 1909)


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Smith, Donald L.: The Twenty-Fourth Michigan of the Iron Brigade. Harrisburg: The Stackpole Company, 1962


Smith, Elbert B.: Francis Preston Blair (Free Press, 1980)


Smith, Jacob (Co. D, 107th Regiment Ohio Infantry): Camps and Campaigns of the 107th regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry from Au­gust, 1862 to July 1865. N. p, 1910


Smith, James E. (4th NY Light Artillery): A Famous Battery and its Campaigns (Benedum Books); Reprint of 1892 Original (4th Battery New York Light Artillery)


Smith, James Power: With Stonewall Jackson in the Army of Northern Virginia Southern Historical Society Papers, 43 (1920)(Re­print, Gaithersburg, MD: Zullo and Van Sickle Books, 1982)


Smith, James Power: „Stonewall Jackson in Winter Quarters at Moss Neck“, Hotchkiss Papers, Library of Congress


Smith, James Power: „General Lee at Gettysburg,“ PMHSM, 5:384


Smith, John Day: The History of the Nineteenth Regiment of Maine Volunteer Infantry (Minneapolis/Minnesota, 1909)


Smith, Marc A. and Wade Sokolosky: „No Such Army Since the Days of Julius Caesar": Sherman's Carolinas Campaign from Fayetteville to Averasboro, March 1865“


Smith, Robert G. A Brief Account of the Services Rendered by the Second Regiment Delaware Volunteers in the War of the Rebelli­on. Wilmington, Delaware: Historical Society of Delaware, 1909.


Smith, Timothy B.: Champion Hill. Decisive Battle for Vicksburg (New York, 2006)


Smith, William: "An Eye-Witness Account of the Skirmish at Fairfax Court House," in: Fairfax County and the War between the States, 1-10. Vienna, Va.: Fairfax County Civil War Centennnial Commission, 1961


Smith, William Alexander (Major, 14th North Carolina Infantry): The Ansom Guards, Company 'C' Fourteenth Regiment North Carolina Volun­teers, 1861-1865 (Broadfoot Publishing, 1978)


Smith, William Ernest: The Francis Preston Blair Family in Politics (New York: The Macmillan Comp., 1933)


Snead, Thomas L.: The First Year of the War in Missouri; in: Battles & Leaders, I S. 262-277


Snedeker, Henry Charles: Civil War Diary 1863-1865 +++ergänzen+++


Snow, W. P.: Southern Generals. New York, 1865


Sorrel, Gen. G. Moxley: Recollections of a Confederate Staff Officer (New York 1905, reprint Morningside, Dayton/Ohio 1978)


Sowle. Patrick M.: „The Conciliatory Republicans During the winter of Secession“ (Ph.D dissertation, Duke University, 1963)


Sparks, Edwin E. (ed.): The Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1858. Ill. Hist. Coll., Vol. 3 (1908)


Spear, Ellis: The 20th Maine at Fredericksburg: The Conflicting Accounts of Gen. Josua L. Chamberlain and Gen. Ellis Spear (Union Publishing); Foreword by Tom Desjardin; 104 pp. Spear raised many of the units that came from Maine; he held a dif­ferent view of war and held with distain the glory told in the memoirs of most veterans. He took issue with Chamberlain's "My Story of Fredericks­burg" and wrote his own "My Story of Fredericksburg and Comments Thereon...", later known as the "Comments". A Captain during the battle, he took issue with what he saw as Chamberlain and others "...boasting or misrepresentation of their own services." Both stories are reprinted with commentary and additional details on the 20th Maine at Fredericksburg; Photos; Maps

Speer, Lonnie R.: Portals to Hell. Military Prisons of the Civil War (Mechanicsburg 1997)


Spear, Ellis (Captain 20th Maine Infantry): „Memorial Day Speech Given at Warren, Maine,“ May 30, 1888, in the possession of the late Abbott Spear, Warren, Maine


Sprague, Homer B. (13th Connecticut Vols): "Lights and Shadows in Confederate Prisons: A Personal Experience 1864-5" (Put­nam's, New York 1915); 163 pp; Index. An account of prison life at Libby, Danville and Salisburg Prisons by a Colonel of the 13th Connecticut


Sprague, John T.: The Florida War (New York, 1848)


Stackpole, Edward J.: They met at Gettysburg. A Step by Step Retelling of the Battle (Mechanicsburg 1986)


Stackpole, Edward J.: Chancellorsville. Lee's Greatest Battle (Erstauflage 1894; 2nd Edition, Stackpole Books 1958, updated by Scott Hartwig)


Stackpole, Edward J.: From Cedar Mountain to Antietam (2. Auflage der Erstausgabe von 1959; Stackpole Books: Harrisburg, Pa., 1993)


Stackpole, Edward J.: Chancellorsville. Lee's Greatest Battle (2nd Edition, Harrisburg 1958 und 1988)


Stackpole, Edward J.: The Fredericksburg Campaign (Originalausgabe 1894, reprint 1994)


Stackpole, Edward J.: Sheridan in the Shenandoah, Second Edition (Harrisburg 1992)


Stampp, Kenneth M.: And the War Came: The North and the Secession Crisis, 1860-1861 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1950, 1970)


Stampp, Kenneth M.: Indiana Politics during the Civil War (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1978)


Stampp, Kenneth M. (ed.): The Causes of the Civil War (revised Touchstone Edition: Simon & Schuster Inc.: New York, 1986)


Stampp, Kenneth M.: The Peculiar Institution. Slavery in the Ante-Bellum-South (New York, 1956)


Stampp, Kenneth M.: The Era of Reconstruction. America after the Civil War, 1865-1877 (London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1965)


Stampp, Kenneth M.: The Imperiled Union: Essays on the Civil War


Stampp, Kenneth M.: America in 1857: A Nation on the Brink


Starr, Stephen Z.: The Union Cavalry in the Civil War, Vol. 1: From Fort Sumter to Gettysburg


Starr, Stephen Z.: The Union Cavalry in the Civil War, Vol. 3: The War in the West 1861-1865


Starr, Stephen Z.: Jennison's Jayhawkers: A Civil War Cavalry Regiment and Its Commanders (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Universi­ty Press, 1973)


Starr: Bohemian Brigade +++ergänzen+++


Statistics of the United States in 1860 Compiled from the Original Returns of the Eight Census (1866, reprinted New York: Arno Press, 1976)


Staudenraus, P. J. (ed.): Mr. Lincoln's Washington. Selections from the Writings of Noah Brooks Civil War Correspondent


Steele, Matthew Forney: American Campaigns, Vol II – Maps (Washington 1931)


Steinbach, Robert H.: A Long March: The Lives of Frank and Alice Baldwin (University of Texas: Austin 1989)


Steiner, Bernard: The Life of Henry Winter Davis (Baltimore: John Murphy, 1916)


Steffen, Randy: The Horse Soldier, 1776-1943: The United States Cavalryman - His Uniforms, Arms, Accoutrements, and Equip­ments, 4 vols (Norman, Okla., 1977-80)


Stephens, Alexander H: A Constitutional View of the Late War Between the States (2 Volumes in 1; Philadelphia 1868)


Stephens, Alexander H.: "Alexander H. Stephens' Prison Life; in: Confederate Veteran Vol I Mai 1893 S. 137/38


Stephenson, David and Theodore T. Scribner: Indiana's Roll of Honor (2 vols., Indianapolis 1864, 1866)


Stephenson, N. W.: "Southern Nationalism in South Carolina in 1851 (American Historical Review, XXXVI, S. 314-335)


Stepp, Jeff: „Dedications of the New Gravestone for Major Abner Carmichael“; Company Front (May-June 1995)


Stevens, Charles A.: Berdan’s US-Sharpshooters in the Army of the Potomac, 1861-1865 (St. Paul Minnesota: Price McGill Compan­y, 1892)


Stevens, Charles A. The Battle of Gettysburg, 1863: from "Sharpshooting and Skirmishing" (by the Berdan Sharpshooters) in the Army of the Potomac. Shakopee: C.A. Stevens, 1890.


Stevens, Peter F: Rebels in Blue: The Story of Keith and Malinda Blalock, Taylor Trade Publishing 1999


Stewart, George R.: Pickett's Charge. A microhistory of the final attack at Gettysburg, July 3, 1863 (Houghton Mifflin Company: Bo­ston, 1959, Auflage 1991)


Stewart, Nixon B. (Sgt. Co. E. 52nd Ohio Infantry): Dan McCook's Regiment, 52nd O.V.I. A History of the Regiment, Its Cam­paigns, and Battles (Al­liance, Ohio: Review Print, 1900; Reprint Blue Acorn Press).


Stewart, Robert L.: History of the 140th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers (Philadelphia 1912)


Stewart, William H.(LtCol, 61st Virginia Infantry ): A Pair of Blankets. War-Time History in Letters to the Young People of the South (Broadfoot Publishing; Reprint of 1911 original); 274 pp; Edited by Benjamin Trask, with added Index and Notes.


Stickley, Ezra E.: „Battle of Sharpsburg“; in: Confederate Veteran, Vol. XXII, 1914, p. 66


Stillwell, Leander (2ndLt, 61st Illinois Infantry): The Story of a Common Soldier of Army Life in the Civil War, 1861-1865 (2nd edition Kansas City, Mo.: Fran­klin Hudson Publishing Co., 1920)


Stillwell, Leander (2ndLt, 61st Illinois Infantry): "In the Ranks at Shiloh," Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, XV, Nos. 1-2 (April-July, 1923), S. 460-476


Stine, James H.: History of the Army of the Potomac (Philadelphia: Rodgers, 1892)


Stirman, E. I.: „Career of Gen. Ben McCulloch.“ Confederate Veteran 21 (1913)


Stidger, Felix G.: Treason History of the Order of Sons of Liberty (Anm.: Stidger war US-Geheimagent; ihm gelang "broke up the Copperhead conspiracy in Indiana"; vgl. Van Doren Stern: Secret Missions, a.a.O., S. 14)


Stoker, Donald: The Grand Design. Strategy and the U.S. Civil War (Oxford 2010)


Stone, Richard G.: A Brittle Sword: The Kentucky Militia, 1776-1912 (Lexington, 1977)


Storch, Marc and Beth: "What a Deadly Trap We Were In: Archer's Brigade on July 1, 1863"; in: Gettysburg Magazine Nr. 6


Storey, Moorfield: Charles Sumner (1900)


Storrs, John W.: The Twentieth Connecticut, A Regimental History (Ansonia, Conn., 1886)


Stoy, George A.: The Forgotten Man: Captain William Duncan – Chief Scout for Major General O. O. Howard During Sherman's March to the Sea (CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform; 1 edition April 29, 2014)


Strong, George Templeton: The Diary of George Templeton Strong, 1835-1875, ed. Allan Nevins and Milton H. Thomas (New York: Macmillan, 1952)


Strother, David Hunter: "Personal Recollections of the War by a Virginian, Antietam." (Harper's New Monthly Magazine, XXXVI (February 1868), S. 275-91


Stryker, Lloyd Paul: Andrew Johnson (New York: McMillan Comp., 1929)


Stryker, William S.: Record of Officers and Men of New Jersey in the Civil War, 1861-1865; Vol. I (Trenton/New Jersey, 1876)


Stryker, William S.: Record of Officers and Men of New Jersey in the Civil War, 1861-1865; Vol. II (Trenton/New Jersey, 1876)


Sturtevant, Ralph Orson (Pvt; Co. K, 13th Regiment Vermont Infantry): Pictorial History 13th Regiment Vermont Volunteers War of 1861-1865, Vt. 1911


Styple, William B. (ed.): Our noble Blood. The Civil War Letters of Major General Maj. Gen. Philipp Regis de Trobriand (NY: Belle Grove Publishing, 1997)


Sullivan, James P.: „Co. K, 6th Wis. Vols.“ (poem), Mauston Star, c. 1883 (Anm. zum Hintergrund des Gedichtes s. Herdegen/Beau­dot: Bloody Railroad Cut, a.a.O., S. 39)


Sullivan, James P.: „The Iron Brigade at Bull Run,“ Milwaukee Sunday Telegraph, March 16, 1884


Sullivan, James P.: „The Battle of Gainesville,“ Milwaukee Sunday Telegraph 4.11.1883


Sullivan, James P.: "The Old Iron Brigade at Gettysburg," Milwaukee Sunday Telegraph, 20 December 1884


Sullivan, James P.: Mauston Star 13.2.1883; zitiert nach Herdegen and Beaudot: In the Bloody Railroad Gap at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 167n61 und Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 617n93


Summers, Alexander: „Gone to Glory at Farmington“: A Profile of Col. James Monroe of Mattoon, Hero of Two Regiments in the Civil War (Mattoon, Ill.: Mattoon Historical Society, 1963)


Summers, Festus P.: The Baltimore & Ohio in the Civil War: The History of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad in the Civil War (Stan Clark Military Books; 360 pp; Reprint of 1939 Original - Introduction by John Hankey)


Surby, R. W.: Grierson Raids and Hatch Sixty-Four Days March with Biographical Sketches and the Life and Adventures of Chicka­saw, the Scout (Chicago 1865)


Swanberg, W. A.: Sickles the Incredible (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1956). Swanberg's Werk is heavely biased in favor of the general, but remains the best sketch of Sickles yet in print (vgl. Sauers: Gettysburg: The Meade-Sickles Controversy, a.a.O., S. 164 Anm. 14)


Swank, Walbrook D. (ed.): Courier for Lee and Jackson. 1861-1865 Memoirs (White Mane Publishing: Shippensburg, 1993)


Swiggett, Samuel A. (36th Iowa Infantry): The Bright Side of Personal Experiences in Prison and Out Of Involuntary Sojourner in Rebeldom (Baltimore, 1897)


Swinton, William: Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac: A Critical History of Operations in Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylva­nia, from the Commencement to the Close of the War, 1861-65 (New York: Charles B. Richardson, 1886)


Swinton, William: Campaign of the Army of the Potomac (New York: Charles B. Richardson, 1886)


Sword, Wiley: Southern Invincibility: A History of the Confederate


Sword, Wiley: Sharpshooter: Hiram Berdan, His Famous Sharpshooters and their Sharps Rifles (Lincoln, RI, 1988)


Symonds, Craig L.: A Battlefield Atlas of the Civil War (2nd Edition, Baltimore, Md: Nautical and Aviation Publising Company of America, 1983)


Symonds, Craig L.: Gettysburg. A Battlefield Atlas (6th Printing, Baltimore, Md: Nautical and Aviation Publising Company of Ame­rica, 1999)


Symonds, Craig L.: Stonewall of the West. Patrick Cleburne & The Civil War (University Press of Kansas: Lawrence / Kansas, 1997)


Symonds, Craig L.: Joseph E. Johnston. A Civil War Biography (W. W. Norton & Co.: New York 1992, Paperback-Ausgabe 1994)


Sypher, Josiah: History of the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps (Lancaster 1865)







Litera T


Tagg, Larry: The Generals of Gettysburg. The Leaders of America's Greatest Battle (Mason City/Iowa, 1998)


Taliaferro, William M.: "Our Confederate Column“; Richmond Times-Dispatch [RTD], November 8, 1903 (the account by an uni­dentified member of the headquarters party in "Our Confederate Column," Richmond Times-Dispatch, November 8, 1903 stammt aus der Feder von Taliaferro [vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 420 n. 32]). Taliaferro gehörte zur Company E, 2nd Virginia Ca­valry und diente offensichtlich Jackson als Courier im Headquarter während des Vorstoßes gegen Pope's Army of Virginia im August 1862 und dem Battle von Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 [vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 420 n. 32]).


Tannenbaum, Frank: Slave and Citizen (New York, 1946)


Tanner, Robert G.: Stonewall in the Valley. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's Shenandoah Valley Campaign Spring 1862 (völlig über­arbeitete Neuausgabe 1996 der Erstausgabe von 1976; Taschenbuchausgabe Stackpole Books: Mechanicsburg, 2002)


Tap, Bruce: Over Lincoln's Shoulder. The Committee on the Conduct of the War (Lawrence, Kans.: University Press of Kansas, 1998)


Tarrant, Eastham: The Wild Riders of the First Kentucky Cavalry (US) (Louisville: Committee of the Regiment, 1894)


Taylor, Emerson G.: Gouverneur Kemble Warren: The Life and Letters of an American Soldier, 1830-1882 (Boston: Houghton Miff­lin, 1932)


Taylor, Frank: Philadelphia in the Civil War 1861-1865 (Dunlap: Philadelphia 1913)


Taylor, John T.: "Reminiscenses of Services as an Aide-de-Camp with General William Tecumseh Sherman." Kansas Mollus (Kan­sas City, Mo. 1892, S. 127-142)


Taylor, Michael W. Taylor: To Drive the Enemy from Southern Soil: The Letters of Colonel Francis Marion Parker and the History of the 30th Regiment North Carolina Troops (Morningside: Dayton, 1998)


Taylor, Nelson (9th NY Cavalry): Saddle and Saber: The Letters of Civil War Cavalryman Corporal Nelson Taylor (Heritage Books, 1993); 202 pp; Illustrated. Collection of 103 letters by this Cavalryman from Chatauqua County, edited by his grandson, Dr. Gray Nelson Taylor. Graphic descriptions of cavalry engagements and ordinary soldier life.


Taylor, Walter H.: Four Years with General Lee (Erstausgabe 1877; Reprint 1962: New York


Taylor, William R.: „Francis Parkman“; in: Cunliffe, Marcus and Robin Winks: Pastmasters. Some Essays on American Historians (Harper & Row, Publisher: New York 1969), S.1-38


Teel, Trevanion T.: Sibley's New Mexican Campaign; in: Battles & Leaders, vol 2, S. 700


Temple, Wayne C. (ed.): The Civil War Letters of Henry C. Bear: A Soldier in the 116th Illinois Volunteer Infantry (Harrogate / Tenn.: Lincoln Memorial University Press, 1961)


Terrel, W. H. H.: Report of the Adjutant General of Indiana (8 vols.; Indianapolis: Alexander H. Conner, W. R. Holloway, Samuel M. Douglass: State Printers, 1865-1869) (vgl. zum Inhalt und zur Entstehungsgeschichte: Thornbrough: Indiana in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 727)


Tevis, C.V.: History of the Fighting (Brooklyn) Fourteenth (New York 1911)


Tharin, Robert S.: Arbitrary Arrests in the South: or, Scenes from the Experience of an Alabama Unionist (New York, 1863, reprint 2012)


Thatcher, Marshall P. (2nd Michigan Cavalry): A Hundred Battles in the West: St. Louis to Atlanta, 1861-1865: The Second Michi­gan Cavalry, With the Armies of the Mississippi, Ohio, Kentucky and Cumberland (Detroit 1884)


Thayer, John M. (General): "Grant at Pilot Knob"; McClure's Magazin, Vol. V, S. 433 ff


Thomas, Emory M.: The Confederate Nation, 1861-1865 (1979)


Thomas, James E. and Dean S. Thomas: Cannons. An Introduction to Civil War Artillery (12 Auflage 1999, Thomas Publications, Gettysburg)


Thomas, James E. and Dean S. Thomas: A Handbook of Civil War Bullets & Cartridges (Gettysburg: Thomas Publications, 1996)


Thomas, John L.: The Libertator, William Lloyd Garrison (Boston, 1963)


Thomas, P. Benjamin and Hyman, Harold M.: Stanton. The Life and Times of Lincoln's Secretary of War (New York 1962)


Thomason, John W., Jr.: Jeb Stuart (Charles Scribner's Sons, 1929, reprint 1994)


Thompson, Jerry D.: Westward the Texans: The Civil War Letters of Private William Randolph Howell (El Paso: Texas Western Press, 1990) (Howell war Angehöriger von Co. C, 5th Texas Mounted Volunteers)


Thompson, Jerry D.: Colonel John Robert Baylor: Texas Indian Fighter and Confederate Soldier (Hillsboro, Texas: Hill Junior Colleg­e Press, 1971)


Thompson, Jerry D.: Henry Hopkins Sibley: Confederate General of the West (1987, Reprint, College Station: Texas A&M Un­iversity Press, 1996)


Thompson, Richard S. (12th NJ): While My Country is in Danger (Edmonston Publishing, 1994)


Thompson, Wesley S.: The Free State of Winston. A History of Winston County, Alabama (Winfield, Ala.: Pareil Press, 1968)


Thornbrough, Emma Lou: Indiana in the Civil War (Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society, 1995)


Thorne, Mildred (ed.): "The Civil War Diary of C. F. Boyd, Fifteenth Iowa Infantry." Iowa Journal of History. Vol L (1952)


Thornton, J. Mills: Politics and Power in a Slave Society: Alabama 1806-1860 (Taschenbuchausgabe Louisiana State University Press: new edition 1981) (ursprüngliche PhD. dissertation, Yale University, 1974: hierzu schreibt Holt: The Political Crisis, a.a.O., S. 263: „brilliant dissertation … finest study of antebellum politics in a southern state ...“; bei Kruman: Parties and Politics in North Carolina, a.a.O., S. 286 heißt es: “Thornton's contention [was] that the goal of antebellum Alabama politics was the preservation of the freedom and equality of white Alabamians […] Thornton's study enabled me to make more effective comparisons between the upper and lower south“)


Threatte, Bernard Barton: „The Public Life of Robert Hatton (1855-1862)“ (M.A. Thesis, Vanderbilt University, 1931)


Tidwell, William A.: April 65 - Confederate Covert Action in the American Civil War, The Kent State University Press (Kent, Ohio & London, England, 1995)


Tidwell, William A.; Hall, James O. and Gaddy, David Winfred: Come Retribution. The Confederate Secret Service and the Assassi­nation of Lincoln (Jackson, Miss.: University Press of Mississippi, 1988, 3. Auflage 2001)


Tiling, Moritz Philipp: History of the German Element in Texas from 1820-1850, and Historical Sketches of the German Texas Sin­gers' League and Houston Turnverein From (Houston 1913; reprint 2010) )


Tilley, John Shipley: Lincoln takes Command (Chapel Hill, 1941)


Time Life Books, Reihe "Voices of the Civil War": Gettysburg


Tischler, Allan L: The History of the Harper‘s Ferry Expedition, September 14 & 15, 1862 (Five Cedars Press, 1993); 345 pp; Map­ped Endpapers; Photos; Fold-Out Maps; Index; Biblio; Notes; Appendices. Detail of cavalry actions at Harpers Ferry between Cole's Cavalry (1st Maryland), 12th Virginia Cavalry, Loudoun Rangers, 7th Rhode Island Cavalry, 12th Illinois Cavalry, 8th New York Ca­valry


Tobie, Edward P.: History of the First Maine Cavalry 1861-1865 (Boston, 1887)


Todd, Glenda M.: First Alabama Cavalry, USA: Hommage to Patriotism (Heritage Books, 2003)


Toombs, Samuel: New Jersey Troops in the Gettysburg Campaign from June 5 to July 31 (Orange, New Jersey: Evening Mail Publish­ing House, 1888); 406 pp; over 60 illustrations, including maps (one fold-out). Nevins says: "Sgt Toombs relied completely on printed sources for this tribute to Jerseyans at Gettysburg; over sixty illustrations are included."


Tourgee, Albion W. (Lt, 105th Ohio Infantry): A Fools Errand By One of the Fools (Fords, Howard & Hulbert - N.Y. 1880)


Tourgee, Albion W.(Lt, 105th Ohio Infantry): Bricks Without Straw (Fords, Howard, Hulbert - N.Y. 1880


Tourgee, Albion W. (Lt, 105th Ohio Infantry): The Story of a Thousand: beeing a History of the Service of the 105th Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Buffalo, 1896)


Towers, Frank: "Mobtown's Impact on the Study of Urban Politics in the Early Republic.". Maryland Historical Magazine 107 (Winter 2012) pp: 469-75


Townsend, Luther: History of the Sixteenth New Hampshire Volunteers (Washington, DC 1897); Nevins says "Written from the adjut­ant's viewpoint, this full history of a year's duty in Louisiana also contains twoscore sketches and drawings"


Trask, Benjamin H.: 61st Virginia Infantry (H. E. Howard, 1988); Maps, Photos, Detailed Rosters


Tremain, Henry E.: Two Days of War: A Gettysburg Narrative and Other Excursions (New York: Bonnell. Silver & Bowers, 1905) (Anm.: Tremain's memoirs are obviously biased towards Sickles and against Meade [Hessler: Sickles at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 422n8])


Tremain, Henry Edwin: Sectionalism Unmasked (1907)


Trimble, Isaac R.: Civil War Diary of General Isaac Ridgeway Trimble", Maryland Historical Magazine 17 (1922)


Trimble, Tony: „Harrison - Spying for Longstreet at Gettysburg“; Gettysburg Magazine Nr. 17


Tripp, Richard Lee: „Cavalry Reconnaissance in the Army of Northern Virginia: J. E. B. Stuart’s Cavalry, 1861-64, M. A. thesis, Duke University, 1967


Trowbridge, Silas Thompson (Surgeon/Major 8th Illinois Infantry): Autobiography of Silas Thompson Trowbridge M.D. Late Surgeon of the 8. Reg. Ill. Vol. Inf.; Surgeon in Chief of the 3. Division 17. Army Corps; President of the Illinois State Medical Society; U.S. Consul at Veracruz. . . . Vera Cruz, Mexico, 1872.


Trudeau, Noah Andre: Gettysburg. A Testing Courage (Taschenbuchausgabe 2003)


Trulock, Alice Rains: In the Hands of Providence: Josua L. Chamberlain and the American Civil War (Chapel Hill and London: Uni­versity of North Carolina Press, 1992)


Trumbull, Henry Clay (Chaplain, 10th Connecticut Infantry): War Memoirs of a Chaplain (Scribner's 1898); 421 pp; Illustrated. Ne­vins cites this as "A basic source on the labors of Army Chaplains"


Tsouras, Peter G.: Gettysburg. An Alternative History (London 1997)


Tucker, A. W.: „Orange Blossoms – Service of the 124th New York at Gettysburg,“ national Tribune, January 21, 1886


Tucker, Glenn: Chickamauga – Bloody Battle in the West (New York 1961)


Tucker, Glenn: Hancock the Superb (Indianapolis / Indiana, 1960)


Tunnard, W. H. A.: A Southern Record. The History of the Third Regiment Louisiana Infantry (Baton Rouge, 1866; Reprint Dayton, Ohio: Morningside Bookshop, 1970)


Turner, Thomas R.: Beware the People Weeping: Public Opinion and the Assassination of President Lincoln (Baton Rouge: Louisia­na State University Press, 1982): Turner, stellt Hanchett folgend, aufgrund neuerer Forschungen dar, daß die Ermordung Lincoln's das Ergebnis einer CS-Operation zur Geiselnahme Lincoln's war.


Tyler, Mason Whiting (37th Massachusetts): Recollections of the Civil War, with many original Diary entries and Letters written from the Seat of War and with annotated References (Putnam's Sons, 1912); 379 pp


Tyrell, Ian R.: „Drink and Temperance in the Antebellum south: An Overview and Interpretation,“ Journal of Southern History 48 (Nov. 1982): 482-510, esp. 497-501.








Litera U



Underwood, Albert: Civil War Diary (1.1.1864-11.1.1865) +++ergänzen+++


Underwood, Larry: The Butternut Guerillas: A Story of Grierson's Raid (Lincoln / NE: Dageforde Publishing, 1994)


Underwood, Rodman L.: Death on the Nueces: German Texans


Ural, Susan­nah J. (ed.): Civil War Citizens: Race, Ethnicity, and Identity in America's Bloodiest Contest (New York University Press, N.Y., 2010)


Urban, Chester Stanley: "New Orleans and the Cuban Question during the Lopez Expedition of 1849-1851. A Study in 'Manifest Destiny'; in: Louisiana Historical Quarterly, 22 (1939); S. 11-25


Urban, John W.: Battle Field and Prison Pen (Philadelphia: Hubbard Bros., 1882)







Litera V


Vaill, Dudley L.: The Country Regiment: A Sketch of the Second Regiment of Connecticut Volunteer Heavy Artillery, originally the Nineteenth Volunteer Infantry, in the Civil War (Litchfield 1908); 108 pp; Photos - Organized in 1863 from the 19th Infantry, this unit served in Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Washington, Winchester, New Market, Cedar Creek and Appomattox


Valuska, David L. and Christian B. Keller: Damn Dutch: Pennsylvania Germans at Gettysburg (Mechanicsburg 2004)


Van Deusen, Glyndon G.: William Henry Seward (New York: Oxford University Press, 1967)


Vandiver, Frank E.: Jubal's Raid. General Early's Famous Attack on Washington in 1864 (Lincoln: University of Nebrasca Press, 1960)


Vanderslice, John M.: Gettysburg: Then and Now (New York: Dillingham, 1899)


Vandiver, Frank E.: Rebel Brass. The Confederate Command System (Baton Rouge, 1956, 1984)


Vandiver, Frank E: Mighty Stonewall (New York, 1957, reprint 1988)


Vandiver, Frank E.: 1001 Things Everyone Should Know About th Civil War (New York 1999)


Vandiver, Frank E.: Ploughshares into Swords: Josiah Gorgas and Confederate Ordnance (University of Texas Press 1952, 1994)


Vandiver, Frank E. (ed.): The Civil War Diary of General Josiah Gorgas (University of Alabama, 1947)


Vandiver, Frank E. and Jon E. Wakelyn: Biographical Register of the Confederacy (Westport/Conn., 1977)


Van Doren Stern, Philip: Secret Missions of the Civil War. First-hand accounts by men and women who risked their lives in under­ground activities for the North and the South (New York, 1959, 1987, 1990)


Van Doren Stern, Philip: The Man who killed Lincoln (New York: Literary Guild, 1939)


Van Horn, Thomas, B.: History of the Army of the Cumberland (Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co., 1875)


Van Tyll, Debra Reddin: Journalism in the Fallen Confederacy (Palgrave Pilot, 2015)


Vaughan, Alfred J.: Personal History of the Thirteenth Regiment Tennessee Infantry, by its old Commander (McClain Printing, 1975, Reprint of 1897)


Vautier, John D.: History of the Eighty-Eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865 (Philadelphia: J. B. Lip­pincott Co., 1894)


Venner, William Thomas: The 19th Indiana Infantry at Gettysburg +++ergänzen+++


Vetter, Charles Edmund: Sherman, Merchant of Terror, Advocate of Peace (Gretna / Louisiana: Pelican Publishing Co., 1992)


Vifquain, Victor: The 1862 Plot to Kidnap Jefferson David (Mechanicsburg / Penn: Stackpole 1998); edited by Jeffrey H. Smith and Philipp Thomas Tucker


Vipond, Sharon Eggleston: "A new Kind of Murder," The Iron Brigade in the Wilderness; in: Nolan/Vipond: "Giants in their tall Black Hats", a.a.O., S. 113-141


Von Deusen, Glyndon G.: William Henry Seward +++ergänzen+++






Litera W



Wainwright, R. P. P.: „The First Regiment of Cavalry“; in: *Rodenbough, Theophilus F. and Haskin, William L. (eds.): The Army of the United States: Historical Sketches of Staff and Line ... (New York, 1896), S. 153-57


Waite, Otis F.R. (Major): New Hampshire in the Great Rebellion Containing Histories of the Several New Hampshire Regiments and Biographical Notices of Many of the Prominent Actors in the Civil War of 1861-65 (Claremont 1870)


Waitt, Ernest Linden (Comp.): History of the Nineteenth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry (Salem/Mass., 1906)


Wakeman, Sarah Rosetta (153rd NY Vols): An Uncommon Soldier: The Civil War Letters of Sarah Rosetta Wakeman, alias Lyons Wakeman, 153rd New State Volunteers, 1862-1864 (Minerva Center, 1994; 1st Edition)


Walcott, Charles: "The Battle of Chantilly," The Virginia Campaign of 1862 under General Pope, ed. Theodore F. Dwight, Papers of the Military Historical Society of Massachusetts, II (Boston, 1895)


Walker, Aldace Freeman: The Vermont Brigade in the Shenandoah Valley (Free Press Association, Burlington/Vt., 1869; reprint)


Walker, Francis A. Walker: History of the Second Army Corps (Olde Soldier Books: Reprint of 1886 Edition), 796 pp - The Second Corps fought in the Peninsula, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, the Wilderness, Gettysburg, Petersburg, Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor and on to Appomattox


Walker, Mack: Germany and the Emigration, 1816-1865 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1964)


Walker, William C. History of the 18th Regiment Connecticut Volunteers in the War for the Union. Norwich, Connecticut: no publis­her given, 1885.


Walkly, Stephen. History of the Seventh Connecticut Volunteer Infantry, 1861–1865. No publisher, 1905.


Wall, H. C. (Captain 23rd NC Infantry): Historical Sketch of the Pee Dee Guards (Olde Soldier Books)


Wallace, Frederick Stephen: The Sixty-first Ohio Volunteers, 1861-1865.  Marysville, Oh.: published privately, 1902.


Wallace, Lee A. Jr.: Surry Light Artillery and Martin’s, Wright’s, Coffin’s Batteries of Virginia Artillery (H. E. Howard, 1995


Wallace, Lew: The Capture of Fort Donelson; in Battles and Leaders, Vol. I S. 398-428


Wallace, Lew: An Autobiography (2 vols, Harper and Brothers: New York, 1906)


Wallace, Michael: „Changing Concepts of Party in the United States, 1815-1828,“ American Historical Review, 74 (1968), 453-491


Wallace, William M.: Soul of the Lion: A Biography of Josua L. Chamberlain (New York: Nelson, 1960)


Ward, Joseph R. C.: History of the One Hundred and Sixth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers (Philadelphia: Grant, Faries & Rod­gers, 1883)


Ward, William C.: "Incidents and Personal Experiences on The Battlefield at Gettysburg." in: Confederate Veteran, Vol. 8, no. 8 (Au­gust 1900)


Ware, Eugene Fitch: The Lyon Campaign in Missouri, Being a History of the First Iowa Infantry (Topeca, Kansas, 1907; Reprint Iowa City: Press of the Camp Pope Bookshop, 1991); Eugene Fitch Ware war Private im 1st Iowa Infantry); one of the 3 month re­giments, the 1st Iowa fought in Missouri, distinguishing itself at Wilson's Creek. They were nicknamed the "Iowa Greyhounds" for their long marches. Ware went on to become a Sergeant Major and finally Captain in the 7th Iowa Cavalry


Warner, Ezra R.: Generals in Gray (Louisiana State University Press 1959)


Warner, Ezra J. (ed): Generals in Blue +++ergänzen+++


Warner, Ezra J. and W. Buck Yearns: Biografical Register of the Confederate Congress (Baton Rouge, 1975)


Warren, Richard: "Ben McCulloch," in: Nunn, William C.: Ten More Texans in Gray (Hillsborough, Texas., 1980)


Watkins, Sam R.: Co. Aytch. A Confederate Memoir of the Civil War (New 1962; reprint Taschenbuchausgabe Touchstone: New York, 1997)


Watrous, J[erome] A.: "Richard Epps and Other Stories," Milwaukee, 1906


Watson, Harry L.: Jacksonian Politics and Community Conflict: The Emergence of the Second American Party System in Cumberland County, North Carolina (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1981)


Watson, William: Life in the Confederate Army (New York 1888; Reprint Time Life, NY 1983); Nevins says of this " excellent commentary on Southern military life."


Waugh, John C.: The Class of 1846. From West Point to Appomattox: Stonewall Jackson, George McClellan and their Brothers (Ballantine Books: New York, 1194)


Weaver, Andrew: Haskell of Gettysburg +++ergänzen+++


Weaver, C. P. (ed.): Thank God my Regiment is an African One: The Civil War Diary of Colonel Nathan W. Daniels (Louisiana State University Press, 1998; Taschenbuchausgabe 2000)


Weaver, Jeffrey C.: The Civil War in Buchanan and Wise Counties: Bushwackers' Paradise (H. E. Howard Inc. Lynchburg/Va, 1995)


Weber, Thomas: Northern Railroads in the Civil War 1861-1865, Indiana University Press, 336 pp, Reprint of 1952


Webster, Dan and Don C. Cameron: History of the First Wisconsin Battery of Light Artillery (Washington, 1907)


Weigley, Russell F.: Quartermaster General of the Union Army. A Biography of M. C. Meigs (New York: Columbia University Press, 1959)


Weitz, Mark A.: A Heigher Duty: Desertion among Georgia Troops during the Civil War (Univ Nebraska Press)


Weland, Gerald: O. O. Howard, Union General (McFarland Publishing Inc., 1995); 195 pp; Photos; Bibliography; Notes, Index


Welcher, Frank and Larry G. Ligget: Coburn’s Brigade: 85th Indiana, 33rd Indiana, 19th Michigan, and 22nd Wisconsin in the Civil War (Carmel, Ind.: Guild Press of Indiana, 1999)


Weller, Jac: The Confederate Use of British Cannon, Civil War History III (June, 1957), S. 150-151


Weller, Jac: 'Shooting Confederate Infantry Arms', in: The American Rifleman, April, May and June 1954


Weller, John H.: "The Fourth Kentucky," Southern Bivouac I (May-June, 1883), S. 346-47


Welles, Gideon: The Diary of Gideon Welles +++ergänzen+++


Wells, Tom Henderson: The Slave Ship Wanderer, Athens, Ga., 1967


Wert, Jeffry D.: Mosby's Rangers (New York 1990)

Wert, Jeffry D.: General James Longstreet. The Confederacy's most Controversial Soldier (New York 1993)


Wert, Jeffry D.: The Sword of Lincoln. The Army of the Potomac (New York 2005)


Wert, Jeffry D.: Gettysburg Day Tree (New York 2001)


Wert, Jeffry D.: "No Fifteen Thousand Men can take that position". Longstreet at Gettysburg; in: DiNardo, R. L. and Albert A. Nofi (ed.): James Longstreet, The Man, the Soldier, the Controversy (Combined Publishing: Conshohocken/PA, 1998), S. 77-98


Wert, Jeffry D.: A Brotherhood of Valor. The Common Soldiers of the Stonewall Brigade, C.S.A. and the Iron Brigade, U.S.A (New York 1999)


West, J. Gilmore (28th New Jersey): The Diary of a Soldier (Longstreet House);


West, John C. (4th Texas Infantry): A Texan in Search of a Fight (Waco: Press of J. S. Hill & Company, 1901)


West, Richard S. jr: Gideon Welles. Lincoln's Navy Department (New York: Bobbs Merril Co., 1943)


Westwood, Howard C.: Black Troops, White Commanders, and Freedmen During the Civil War (Carbondale, Ill., 1992)


Westwood, Howard C.: Benjamin Butler's Enlistment of Black Troops in New Orleans in 1862; Louisiana History, XXVI (Winter 1985)


Weygant, Charles H.: History of the 124th Regiment N.Y.S.V. (Newburg 1877); First Edition, 460 pages. 124th New York Infantry with steel-engraved frontis of Colonel Ellis; Folding Table of Gettysburg Battle-line 2nd Day


Wheeler, David F.: Witness to Gettysburg (New York: Harper, 1987)


White, Laura A.: "Robert Barnwell Rhett, Father of Secession (Century, 1931)


White, Wyman S. (1st Sgt, 2nd U.S. Sharpshooters): The Civil War Diary of Wyman S. White (Butternut and Bl) ue, 1992)


Whitford, William Clarke: Colorado Volunteers in the Civil War: The New Mexico Campaign in 1862 (1906, Reprint, Glorieta, New Mex.: Rio Grande Press, 1971); 159 pages. Illustrated with Portraits, Photos, Maps


Whitman, George Washington (51st NY Vols): Civil War Letters of George Washington Whitman (Duke University, 1975)


Whitman, William E. S. and Charles H. True: Maine in the War for the Union : A History (Lewistown, Me.: Nelson Dingley 1865)


Wiley, Bell Irvin: The Life of Billy Yank +++ergänzen+++


Wilkeson, Frank: Recollections of a Private Soldier in the Army of the Potomac (New York 1887)


Wilkie, Franc B. (1st Iowa Infantry and Battle of Wilson's Creek'): Pen and Powder (Boston: Ticknor & Co., 1885)


Williams, George W.: A History of the Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865 (New York, 1888)


Williams, Hiram Smith: This War so Horrible - The Civil War Diary of Hiram Smith Williams (40th Alabama Infantry), edited by Le­wis N. Wynne and Robert A. Taylor (Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press, 1993)


Williams, T. Harry: Lincoln and his Generals +++ergänzen+++


Williams, T. Harry: „The Military Leadership of North and South“; in: Donald, David H. (ed.):Why the North Won the Civil War (Louisiana State University Press: Baton Rouge, 1960), pp. 23-47


Williams, T. Harry: McClellan, Sherman and Grant (New Brunswick, N. Y.: Rutgers University Press, 1962)


Willett, Robert L.: The Lightning Mule Brigade. Abel Streight's 1863 Raid into Alabama (Carmel, Indiana: Guilt Press, 1999)


Williams, E. W. (ed.): With the Border Ruffians. Memories of the Far West, 1852-1868 by R. H. Williams (New York: E. P. Dutton and Co., 1907)


Williams, George W.: A History of the Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865 (New York, 1888)


Williams, T. Harry: P. G. T. Beauregard: Napoleon in Gray (Baton Rouge, 1954)


Williams, T. Harry: With Beauregard in Mexico: The Mexican War Reminiscenses of P. G. T. Beauregard (Baton Rouge, 1956)


Williams, J. C.: Life in Camp (Claremont, N. H., 1864)


Williamson, Chilton: American Suffrage: From Property to Democracy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1960)


Williamson, James J. (43rd VA Cavalry): Mosby’s Rangers: A Record of the Operations of the Forty-Third Battalion Virginia Cavalry (New York: Ralph B. Kenyon, Publisher, 1896; weitere Ausgabe New York: Sturgis & Walton Comp., 1909; Reprint Time Life Books 1982); 511 pp; Complete Rosters; Photos


Wills, Brain Steel: The Confederacy's Greatest Cavalryman Nathan Bedforst Forrest (University Press of Kansas: Lawrence, Kansas, 1996)


Wills, Charles Wright (Sergeant 8th Illinois Infantry, later LtCol 103rd Illinois Infantry): Army Life of an Illinois Soldier, Including a Day by Day Record of Sherman's Marsh to the Sea; Letters and Diary of the Late Charles W. Wills, Private and Sergeant 8th Illinois Infantry; Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant 7th Illinois Cavalry; Captain, Major and Lieutenant Colonel 103rd Illinois Infantry. Comp and pub. by his sister [Mary E. Kellog] (Washington / D.C.: Globe Printing Co, 1906; Reprint Univ Southern Illinois Press)


Wilson, Clyde N.: James Johnston Pettigrew and his Men at Gettysburg (Reihe: Civil War Campaigns and Commanders)


Wilson, Ephraim A. (Captain, 10th Illinois Infantry): Memoirs of the War (Cleveland, 1893)


Wilson, Henry (US-Vice-President 1873-1875: History of the Rise and Fall of the Slave Power in America, 3 vols (Boston 1872-1877)


Wilson, James Harrison (GenMaj): The Life of John A. Rawlins (New York, 1916)


Wilson, James Harrison (GenMaj): Heroes of the Great Conflict: Life and Services of William Farrar Smith, Major General, United States Volunteers in the Civil War (Wilmington/Delaware, 1904)


Wilson, Joseph T.: The Black Phalanx: A History of the Negro Soldiers of the United States Wars 1775-1812 and 1861-1865, 1890 (reprint New York, 1994)


Winschel, Terrence J.: Triumph & Defeat - The Vicksburg Campaign; mit Vorwort von Edwin C. Bearss (Mason City / Iowa: Savas Publishing Company, 1999)


Winschel, Terrence J.: Vicksburg: The Fall of the Confederate Gibraltar


Wisconsin, Adjutant General of the State of Wisconsin: Annual Reports of the Adjutant General of the State of Wisconsin for the Years 1860, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864 (Madison, Wis., 1912)


Wise, Jennings C.: The Long Arm of Lee, or, The History of the Artillery of the Army of Northern Virginia, With a Brief Account of the Confederate Bureau of Ordnance, 2 vols (1915; reprint ed., Richmond, Va.: Owens Publishing Company, 1988)


Wittenberg, Eric J.: The Battle of Brandy Station. North America's Largest Cavalry Battle (Charleston 2010)


Wittenberg, Eric J.: Little Phil. A Reassessment of the Civil War Leadership of Gen. Philip H. Sheridan (Washington 2002)


Wittenberg, Eric J.: Protecting the Flank: The Battle of Brinkershoff's Ridge and East Cavalry Field, Battle of Gettysburg


Wittenberg, Eric J.: „John Buford and the Gettysburg Campaign.“ Gettysburg Magazine : Articles of Lasting Historical Interest, No. 11 (July 1994): 19-55


Wittenberg, Eric J.: „An Analysis of the Buford Manuscripts“, Gettysburg Magazine: Articles of Lasting Historical Interest, No. 15 (July 1996): 7-24


Wittenberg, Eric J.: „And Everything is Lovely and the Goose Hangs High: John Buford and the Hanging of Confederate Spies Du­ring the Gettysburg Campaign,“ Gettysburg Magazine: Articles of Lasting Historical Interest, No. 18 (January 1998): 5-14


Wittenberg, Eric J.: „The Truth About the Withdrawal of Brig. Gen. John Buford's Cavalry, July 2, 1863.“ Gettysburg Magazine 37 (July 2007): 71-82


Wittenberg, Eric J.: „John Buford and the Gettysburg Campaign.“ Gettysburg Magazine : Articles of Lasting Historical Interest, No. 11 (July 1994): 19-55


Wittenberg, Eric J. and Scott I. Mingus Sr.: The Second Battle of Winchester: The Confederate Victory That Opened the Door to Get­tysburg (El Dorado Hills, Ca, 2015)


Wittenberg, Eric J. and J. David Petruzzi: Plenty of Blame to Go Around: Jeb Stuart's Controversial ride to Gettysburg (El Dorado Hills, CA, 2011)


Wittenberg, Eric J.: „The Fighting Professor: Josua Lawrence Chamberlain,“ Civil War, 10 (July-Aug. 1992): 8-14


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Woodcock, Marcus (9th Kentucky Infantry): A Southern Boy in Blue (Univ Tennessee Press); 1st edition; 376 pp; Illustrated; Edited by Kenneth W. Noe; Woodcock served in the 9th Kentucky Union Infantry


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Woodruff, George H. (Pvt, 169th New York Infantry): Fifteen Years Ago: or, the Patriotism of Will County (Joliet, 1876)


Woods, James: „Humphreys' Division's Flank March to Little Round Top,“ The Gettysburg Magazine, Issue No. 6, Jan. 1992


Woods, James: „Defending Watson's Battery,“ The Gettysburg Magazine, Issue No. 9, July 1993


Woods, James M.: Rebellion & Realignment: Arkansas's Road to Secession (Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1987)


Woodward, C. Vann und Elizabeth Muhlenfeld (eds.): The Private Mary Chestnut: The Unpublished Civil War Diaries (New York, 1984)


Woodward, Evan Morrison (Major 2nd PA Reserve Vols): Our Campaigns: The Second Regiment Pennsylvania Reserve Volunteers (White Mane, 1995); Reprint of 1865 original; Edited by Stanley Zamonski


Woodworth, Steven E.: Jefferson Davis and his Generals - The Failure of Confederate Command in the West (Lawrence / Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 1990)


Wooster, Ralph A.: Politicians, Planters, and Plain Folk: Courthouse and Statehouse in the Upper South, 1850-1860 (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1975)


Worley, Ted R. (ed.): The War Memoirs of Captain John W. Lavender, CSA (Pine Bluff, Arkansas 1956)


Worsham, John H.: "One of Jackson's Foot Cavalry: His Experience and what he saw during the War 1861-1865 (New York: Neale Publishing Company, 1912; Reprint Bantam Books 1992)


Worthington, Thomas: Court Martial Proceedings (National Archives, Washington D.C., August 1862)


Worthington, Thomas: Brief History of the 46th Ohio Volunteers (Washington DC, 1878)


Worthington, Thomas: Report of the Flank March to Join on McClernand's Right, at 9 A.M. etc. (Washington DC, 1880)


Wren, James (Captain, 48th PA Vols): From New Bern to Fredericksburg (Shippensburg: White Mane, 1990); Edited by Michael Priest


Wright, Abraham. History of First Company Sharpshooters of Minnesota. Minneapolis, 1889.


Wright, Charles W.: A Corporal's Story: Experiences in the Ranks of Co C, 81st Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Philadelphia, 1887)


Wright, Henry H. (Sgt. 6th Iowa): A History of the Sixth Iowa Infantry (State Hist. Society, Iowa City 1923)


Wright, J. Leitch, jr.: Creeks ans Seminoles (1986)


Wright, Marcus J.: Arkansas in the War, 1861-1865 (Batesville, Ark., 1963)


Wright, Marcus J., Brigadier Gen., CSA: Tennessee in the War (Ambrose Lee Publishing, New York 1908)


Wright, Marcus J.: Texas in the War, 1861-1865 (edited by Harold Simpson [Hillsboro, 1965])


Wright, Marcus J.: comp. General Officers of the Confederate Army (New York, 1911)


Wright, James Wartin: The Free Negro in Maryland, 1634-1860 (1923)


Wyatt, Lee T. III: "William S. Barry, Advocate of Secession, 1821-1868." Journal of Mississippi History, XXXIX (1977), S. 339-355


Wyatt-Brown, Bertram: Southern Honor: Ethics and Behavior in the Old South (New York: Oxford University Press, 1982)




Litera Y


Yearns, Wilfred Buck: The Confederate Congress (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1960)


Young, Bennet H.: Confederate Wizards in the Saddle (Boston, Mass., 1915, reprint Boston 1958)


Young, Jesse Bowman: The Battle of Gettysburg: A Comprehensive Narrative (New York and London: Harper, 1913)


Young, Jesse Bowman: What a Boy saw in the Army: A Story of Sight-Seeing and Adventure in the War for the Union, 1894






Litera Z


Zeitlin, Richard H.: In Peace and War. Union Veterans and Cultural Symbols - The Flags of the Iron Brigade; in: Nolan / Vipond, Gi­ants with their tall Black Hats, a.a.O., S. 160-178


Zucker, Adolf Edward: The Forty Eighters: Political Refugees of the German Revolution of 18489 (New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1950)



















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