Version 17.3.2017

 

West-Virginia:

 

a. allgemeines:

 

West Virginia became the 35th state of the Union on June 20, 1863. Created in the midst of the Civil War, West Virginia provided to the Union Army 31,872 regular army troops, 133 sailors and marines, and 196 United States Colored Troops, during that terrible con­flict of 1861-1865. It is also estimated that somewhere between 16,000 and 20,000 men served in the Confederate Army in this war of "brother versus brother."

 

 

b. Infanterie:

 

1st Regiment, West Virginia Infantry (3 months, 1861:

 

Overview:

Organized and mustered in for three months as follows: Company "A" at Wheeling May 10; Company "B" at Wheeling May 11; Company "C" at Wheeling May 15; Company "D" at Steubenville, Ohio, May 15; Company "E" at Wheeling May 16; Company "F" at Wellsburg May, 17; Company "G" at Wellsburg May 18; Company "H" in Marshall County May 21; Company "I" in Hancock County May 21, and Company "K" at Wheeling May 23, 1861. Left Wheeling May 27. Occupation of Grafton May 30. Action at Philippi June 3. Duty at Rowlesburg, Grafton and Philippi till July. Bowman's Place June 29. Occupation of Beverly and Sutton and guarding Baltimore& Ohio Railroad till August 19. Moved to Wheeling August 19-21. Mustered out August 27, 1861.

 

3-Monats-Regiment; aufgestellt unter Colonel Benjamin F. Kelley; Angriff auf *Philippi (3.Juni 1861) (vor dem Gefecht von *Rich Mountain u. Laurel Hill)

 

 

1st Regiment West Virginia Infantry (3 Years):

 

Overview:

Organized at Wheeling, W. Va., October 30, 1861. Companies "A," "B," "D" and "E" moved from Wheeling to Little Kana­wha, Wirt County, W. Va., October 13, and duty there until November 2, when rejoined Regiment at Romney. Regiment left Wheeling for Romney, W. Va., November 9, 1861, and duty there until January 10, 1862. Attached to Railroad District, West Virginia, to January, 1862. 3rd Brigade, Landers' Division, Army Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, Shields' Division, Banks' 5th Army Corps, and Dept. of the Shenandoah, to May, 1862. 4th Brigade, Shields' Division, Dept. of the Rappahan­nock, to June, 1862. 4th Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Whipple's Division, Military District of Washington, D. C, to October, 1862. Wheeling, W. Va., to December, 1862. Cumber­land, Md., September 1862. North Mountain, Defenses of Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., to March, 1863. 4th Brigade 1st Division, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. Campbell's Brigade, Scammon's Division, West Virginia, to Decem­ber, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Infantry Division, West Virginia, to Octo­ber, 1864. Cumberland, Md., to December, 1864.

 

Service:

Expedition to Blue's Gap January 6-7, 1862. Hanging Rock Pass, Blue's Gap, January 7. Moved to Patterson Creek January 10, and duty there until February 6. Moved to Paw Paw Tunnel February 5-13. Advance on Winchester March 1-15. Reconnaissance to Strasburg March 18-21. Battle of Winchester March 22-23. Pursuit of Jackson March 24-A­pril 4. Edenburg March 27. Occupation of Mt. Jackson April 1. New Market April 17. Columbia Bridge May 5. March to Fal­mouth, Va., May 12-21, and to Port Republic May 25-June 7. Gaines' Cross Roads, near Front Royal, May 31. White Plains June 1. Front Royal June 3. Port Republic June 9. March to Cloud's Mills, near Alexandria, June 10-27. Camp there until July 24. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Rappahannock Station August 20-23. Sulphur Springs August 26. Thoroughfare Gap August 28. Groveton August 29. Bull Run August 30. In the Defenses of Washington until October 11. Moved to Wheeling, W. Va., October 11-13, and duty there to November 27. Mo­ved to Cumberland, Md., November 27-28, thence to Romney December 8. Moved to North Mountain, and duty there until March 6, 1863. At Mechanicsville Gap until June 14. Moved to New Creek Station, thence to Cumberland, Md., June 14-20. Moved to Hancock, thence to Williamsport July 13. At Back Creek July 28. To Winchester August 3, thence to Romney and to Petersburg August 15. Operating against guerrillas and Imboden's and McNeil's forces until January 10, 1864. Moorefield September 5 and 11, 1863 (Cos. "B," "D." "E," "F" and "H"); mostly captured by McNeil. Descent on Salem December 16, 1863. Guard train from Petersburg to McDowell December 10-23. Retreat from, Petersburg to New Creek January 10-12, 1864. Operations in Hampshire and Hardy Counties against Rosser January 27-February 7. Veterans on furlough February and March. Moved to Grafton April 18, thence to Martinsburg April 19-22. Sigel's Expedition to New Market April 30-May 16. Mt. Jackson May 14. New Market May 15. At Cedar Creek May 16-June 1. Advance to Staunton June 1-6. Piedmont, Mt. Crawford June 5. Occupation of Staunton June 6. Hunter's Raid on Lynchburg June 10-July 1. Lexington June 11. Lynch­burg June 17-18. Retreat to Gauley Bridge June 18-29. Moved to the Shenandoah Valley July 5-17. Snicker's Ferry July 17-18. Battle of Winchester July 23-24. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to November. Cedar Creek August 12. Charlestown August 22-24. Halltown August 26. Berryville September 3-4. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fis­her's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Ordered to Cumberland, Md., October 29, and duty there until December. Consolidated with 4th West Virginia Infantry to form 2nd West Virginia Veteran Infantry December 10, 1864.

 

Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 51 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 136 Enlisted men by disease. Total 192.

 

 

1st Regiment, West Virginia Veteran Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized November 9, 1864, by consolidation of 5th and 9th West Virginia Infantry. Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, West Virginia, to January, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division, West Virginia, to April, 1865. 1st Brigade, 4th Provisional Divisi­on, West Virginia, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Beverly, W. Va., Cumberland, Md., and other points in the Dept. of West Virginia till July, 1865. Mustered out July 21, 1865.

 

 

2nd Regiment West Virginia 'Infantry:

 

Overview:

Company "A" organized at Pittsburgh, Pa., April, 1861. Not accepted by Pennsylvania. Moved to Wheeling, W. Va., May 9, 1861, and mustered in May 21, 1861. Moved with 1st West Virginia Infantry May 25 along line of Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. Guard Glover's Gap until May 28. Action with Capt. Roberts' Command May 27. Moved to Grafton May 28. Detached as Body Guard to Gen. Geo. B. McClellan on his assuming command of the Army of West Virginia. Participated in the West Virginia Campaign July 6-17. Assigned to 2nd Regiment as Company "A." Company "B," Grafton Guards, organized May 20, 1861. Moved to Wheeling, W. Va., and mustered in May 25. Moved to Mannington June 28, thence to Grafton July 1, and to Phillippi July 4. West Virginia Cam­paign July 6-17. Laurel Hill July 7. Carrick's Ford July 13. Moved to Beverly and assigned to 2nd Regiment as Company "B." (A de­tachment of Company at Bealington until January 25, 1862, guarding supply trains between Webster and Beverly and scouting. Com­pany "C" organized at Wheeling and mustered in June 1, 1861. Moved to Beverly, W. Va., July 1, and joined Regiment. Company "D" organized at Pittsburg, Pa., and mustered in at Wheeling, W. Va., June 14, 1861. Moved to Clarksburg, W. Va. Guard supply train to Rich Mountain (Cos. "C," "D," "E") July 5-6, thence march to Beverly. Company "E" organized at Wheeling, W. Va., and mustered in June 16, 1861. Moved to Clarksburg, W. mustered in June 16, 1861. Moved to Clarksburg, W. Va. Guard supply train to Rich Mountain July 5-6, thence march to Beverly. Company "F" organized at Pittsburg, Pa., and mustered in at Wheeling, W. Va., June 24, 1861. Company "G" organized at Pittsburg, Pa., and mustered in at Wheeling, W. Va., June 13, 1861. Companies "F" and "G" left Wheeling July 5, and Joined Regiment at Beverly. Company "H" organized at Ironton, Ohio, and mustered in at Wheeling, W. Va., June 28, 1861, Company "I" organized in Washington County, Pa. Moved to Wheeling, W. Va., July 9-10, and mustered in July 10. Moved to Grafton, Webster and Beverly July 22-27. Company "K" organized at Parkersburg, W. Va., and mustered in July 21, 1861. Regiment attached to Army of Occupation, W. Va., to September, 1861. Cheat Mountain, District West Virginia, to March, 1862. Cheat Mountain District, Dept. of the Mountains, to April, 1862. Milroy's Brigade, Dept. of the Mountains, to June, 1862. Milroy's Independent Brigade, 1st Army Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Defenses of Washington, D.C., to October, 1862. Beverly, W. Va., District of West Virginia, Dept. of Ohio, to March, 1863. 4th Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, Middle De­partment, to June, 1863. Averill's 4th Separate Brigade, West Virginia, to December, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, West Virginia, to January, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty at Beverly, W. Va., until September 11, 1861. Laurel Fork Creek August 20. Ordered to Elkwater September 11. Operations on Cheat Mountain September 11-17. Cheat Mountain Pass September 12. Camp Allegheny September 13. Expedition to Huntersville December 31, 1861, to January 6, 1862. Huntersville January 3, 1862. At Cheat Mountain Summit until April 5. Dry Fork, Cheat River, January 8 (Co. "B"), and February 8. Advance on Staunton April 5-May 8. Monterey April 12. Battle of McDo­well May 8. Near Franklin May 26. Battle of Cross Keys June 8. At Strasburg June 20-July 5. Advance to Luray July 5-11. Moved to Sperryville July 11, thence to Woodville July 22, and duty there until August 9. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21-23. Freeman's Ford, Hazel River, August 22. Waterloo Bridge August 23-25. Gainesville August 28. Gro­veton August 29. Bull Run August 30. Duty in the Defenses of Washington until September 29. Moved to Beverly, W. Va., September 29-October 9. Duty there until April 24, 1863. Cockletown January 22, 1863. Expedition into Pocahontas County February 10-12 (Detachment). Scout to Franklin April 11-18. Beverly April 24. Regiment mounted at Grafton. West Union May 6. Averill's Raid through Hardy, Pendleton, Highland, Bath, Greenbrier and Pocahontas Counties August 5-31. Jackson River August 25. Rocky Gap near White Sulphur Springs August 26-27. Seneca Trace Crossing, Cheat River, September 25 (Detachment). Averill's Raid on Le­wisburg and the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad November 1-17. Mill Point November 5. Droop Mountain November 6. Averill's Raid from New Creek to Salem on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad December 8-25. Gatewood's December 12. Salem December 16. Scott's or Barber's Creek December 19 (Detachment). Covington December 30. At Martinsburg until January 26, 1864. Designation changed to 5th West Virginia Cavalry January 26, 1864.

 

 

2nd Regiment, West Virginia Veteran Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized December 10, 1864, by consolidation of 1st and 4th West Virginia Infantry. Attached to Reserve Division, Dept. of West Virginia, to April, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Infantry Division, West Virginia, to July, 1865. On duty at Cumberland, Md., and at Bull­town, Braxton County, W. Va. Mustered out July 16, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 1 Enlisted man killed and 16 Enlisted men by disease. Total 17.


Predecessor unit:

UNION WEST VIRGINIA VOLUNTEERS. 1st REGIMENT INFANTRY (3 YEARS):

Organized at Wheeling, W. Va., October 30, 1861. Companies "A," "B," "D" and "E" moved from Wheeling to Little Kanawha, Wirt County, W. Va., October 13, and duty there till November 2, when rejoined Regiment at Romney. Regiment left Wheeling for Rom­ney, W. Va., November 9, 1861, and duty there till January 10, 1862. Attached to Railroad District, West Virginia, to January, 1862. 3rd Brigade, Landers' Division, Army Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, Shields' Division, Banks' 5th Army Corps, and Dept. of the Shenandoah, to May, 1862. 4th Brigade, Shields' Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. 4th Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Whipple's Division, Military District of Washington, D. C., to October, 1862. Wheeling, W. Va., to December, 1862. Cumberland, Md., September, 1862. North Mountain, Defences of Up­per Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., to March, 1863. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. Campbell's Brigade, Scammon's Division, West Virginia, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. 2nd Bri­gade, 1st Infantry Division, West Virginia, to October, 1864. Cumberland, Md., to December, 1864.

 

Service:

Expedition to Blue's Gap January 6-7, 1862. Hanging Rock Pass, Blue's Gap, January 7. Moved to Patterson Creek January 10, and duty there till February 5. Moved to Paw Paw Tunnel February 5-13. Advance on Winchester March 1-15. Reconnoissance to Stras­burg March 18-21. Battle of Winchester March 22-23. Pursuit of Jackson March 24-April 4. Edenburg March 27. Occupation of Mt. Jackson April 1. New Market April 17. Columbia Bridge May 5. March to Falmouth, Va., May 12-21, and to Port Republic May 25-June 7. Gaines' Cross Roads, near Front Royal, May 31. White Plains June 1. Front Royal June 3. Port Republic June 9. March to Cloud's Mills, near Alexandria, June 10-27. Camp there till July 24. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope's Campaign in Nor­thern Virginia August 16-September 2. Rappahannock Station August 20-23. Sulphur Springs August 26. Thoroughfare Gap August 28. Groveton August 29. Bull Run August 30. In the Defences of Washington till October 11. Moved to Wheeling, W. Va., October 11-13, and duty there to November 27. Moved to Cumberland, Md., November 27-28, thence to Romney December 8. Moved to North Mountain, and duty there till March 6, 1863. At Mechanicsville Gap till June 14. Moved to New Creek Station, thence to Cum­berland, Md., June 14-20. Moved to Hancock, thence to Williamsport July 13. At Back Creek July 28. To Winchester August 3, thence to Romney and to Petersburg August 15. Operating against guerrillas and Imboden's and McNeil's forces till January 10, 1864. Moorefield September 5 and 11, 1863 (Cos. "B," "D," "E," "F" and "H"); mostly captured by McNeil. Descent on Salem December 16, 1863. Guard train from Petersburg to McDowell December 10-23. Retreat from Petersburg to New Creek January 10-12, 1864. Operations in Hampshire and Hardy Counties against Rosser January 27-February 7. Veterans on furlough February and March. Mo­ved to Grafton April 18, thence to Martins burg April 19-22. Sigel's Expedition to New Market April 30-May 16. Mt. Jackson May 14. New Market May 15. At Cedar Creek May 16-June 1. Advance to Staunton June 1-6. Piedmont, Mt. Crawford, June 5. Occupati­on of Staunton June 6. Hunter's Raid on Lynchburg June 10-July 1. Lexington June 11. Lynchburg June 17-18. Retreat to Gauley Bridge June 18-29. Moved to the Shenandoah Valley July 5-17. Snicker's Ferry July 17-18. Battle of Winchester July 23-24. Sheri­dan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to November. Cedar Creek August 12. Charlestown August 22-24. Halltown August 26. Berryville September 3-4. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Ordered to Cumberland, Md., October 29, and duty there till December. Consolidated with 4th West Virginia Infantry to form 2nd West Virginia Veteran Infantry December 10, 1864.


Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 51 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 136 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 192.

 

 

3rd Regiment, West Virginia Infantry:

s. Adjutant Theodore F. *Lang

 

Overview:

"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.

 

Literatur:

- Lang, Theodore F. (Maj, 6th W. VA Cavalry): Loyal West Virginia 1861-1865 (Blue Acorn; reprint des Originals von 1895); 450pp; 63 Photographic Portraits; Regimental Index. Lang, who served as Adjutant of the 3rd West Virginia Infantry and as a Major in the 6th West Virginia Cavalry, focused on military operations in West Virginia and its soldiers who remained loyal to the Union. Details of military leaders serving in the state or under West Virginia banners on the bloody battlefields of Virginia, Maryland and Pennsyl­vania.

 

 

4th Regiment, West Virginia Infantry:

s. Col Joseph Andrew Jackson *Lightburn

 

Overview:

Organized at Macon City, Point Pleasant and Grafton, W. Va., June 17 to August 22, 1861. Served unattached, District of the Kana­wha, W. Va., to March, 1862. 4th Brigade, Kanawha Division, West Virginia, to September, 1862. Point Pleasant, W. Va., District of the Kanawha, W. Va., Dept. of the Ohio, to January, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 15th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to October, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 15th Army Corps, to May, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Infantry Division, West Virginia, to De­cember 1864.

 

Service:

Skirmish at Grafton, W. Va., August 13, 1861 (Co. "A"). Moved up the Kanawha Valley August 22. Operations in the Kanawha Val­ley and New River Region October 19-November 16. Mill Creek Mills October 26. At Ceredo till January, 1862. March to Louisa Court House and operating with Garfield in operations against Humphrey Marshall in Eastern Kentucky January, 1862. March up the Kanawha Valley to join Gen. Cox April 3. At Flat Top Mountain till August. Operations about Wyoming Court House August 2-8. Wyoming Court House August 5 (Cos. "H" and "I"). Beech Creek August 6. Campaign in the Kanawha Valley September 2-16. Re­pulse of Loring's attack on Fayetteville September 10. Cotton Hill and Charlestown September 11. Gauley Ferry September 11. Gau­ley Bridge September 12. Charlestown September 12-13. At Point Pleasant till October 19. Bulltown, Braxton County, October 3. Salt Lick Bridge October 14. Expedition up the Kanawha Valley to Charlestown October 21-November 10. At Fayetteville till De­cember 30. Ordered to Napoleon, Ark., thence to Young's Point, La., January 21, 1863, and duty there till March. Expedition to Rol­ling Fork via Muddy, Steele's and Black Bayous and Deer Creek March 14-27. At Milliken's Bend till April. Expedition to Black Bayou April 5-10. Demonstration against Haines and Drumgould's Bluffs April 29-May 2. Moved to join army in rear of Vicksburg, Miss., via Richmond and Grand Gulf May 2-14. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Surrender of Vicksburg July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. At Big Black River till September 26. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., thence march to Chattanooga, Tenn., September 26-November 20. Operations on Memphis & Charle­ston Railroad in Alabama October 20-29. Brier Creek, Tuscumbia, October 27. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Tunnel Hill November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. Pursuit to Graysville November 26-27. March to relief of Knoxville, Tenn., November 28-December 8. Regiment re-enlisted February 3, 1864, and Veterans on furlough March 15 to May 3. Joined Hunter at Cedar Creek, W. Va., May. Hunter's Expedition to Lynchburg, Va., May 26-July 1. Piedmont , Mt. Crawford, June 5. Occu­pation of Staunton June 6. Lynchburg June 17-18. Retreat to Martinsburg June 18-July 1. Moved to the Shenandoah Valley, Snicker's Gap, July 17-18. Kernstown or Winchester July 24. Shenandoah Valley Campaign August-September. Berryville September 3. At Stephenson's Depot till December. Moved to Cumberland, Md. Consolidated with 1st West Virginia Infantry December 21, 1864, to form 2nd West Virginia Veteran Infantry (which see).


Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 80 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 156 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 241.

 

 

5th Regiment, West Virginia Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Ceredo, W. Va., September 2, 1861, and mustered in October 18, 1861. Served Unattached, District of the Kanawha, West Virginia, to March, 1862. District of Cumberland, Md., Mountain Department, to April, 1862. Milroy's Independent Brigade, Mountain Department, to June, 1862. Milroy's Independent Brigade, 1st Army Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. De­fences of Washington, D. C., to October, 1862. District of the Kanawha, West Virginia, Dept. Ohio, to January, 1863. Unattached, District of the Kanawha, West Virginia, to March, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, Scammon's Division, Dept. of West Virginia, to December, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, West Virginia, to November, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty at Ceredo and in the Kanawha Valley, W. Va., to December 10, 1861. Moved to Parkersburg, W. Va., December 10, thence to New Creek, W. Va., February, 1862. Linn Creek, Logan County, February 8. Duty at New Creek till May. Joined Milroy's Brigade May 2. Battle of McDowell May 8. Near Franklin May 10-12 and May 26. Battle of Cross Keys June 8. At Strasburg June 20-July 5. Advance to Luray July 5-11. Moved to Sperryville July 11, thence to Woodville July 22, and duty there till August 9. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Cedar Run August 10. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahan­nock August 20-23. Freeman's Ford, Hazel River, August 22. Johnson's Ford August 22. Waterloo Bridge August 24-25. Gainesville August 28. Groveton August 29. Bull Run August 30. Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till September 29. Moved to Be­verly, W. Va., September 29-October 9. Parkersburg October 10. Duty at Ceredo till March, 1863. Scouting Little Kanawha and east side of Big Sandy Rivers. Ordered to Wayne Court House March. Hurricane Creek March 28. At Charlestown, Barboursville, Hurri­cane Bridge and other points in the Kanawha Valley till April, 1864. Scammon's demonstration from the Kanawha Valley December 8-25, 1863. Crook's Raid on the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 2-19, 1864. Rocky Gap May 6. Battle of Cloyd's Mountain May 9. New River Bridge May 10. Blacksburg May 10. Union May 12. Meadow Bluff May 24. Hunter's Expedition to Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Lexington June 11-12. Buchanan June 14. Otter Creek June 16. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Buford's Gap June 19. Salem June 21. Moved to the Shenandoah Valley July 13-15. Kablestown July 19. Battle of Kernstown, Winchester, July 23-24. Martinsburg July 25. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 6-November 1. Strasburg August 15. Summit Point August 24. Halltown August 2. Berryville September 3. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Consolidated with 9th West Virginia Infantry November 9, 1864, to form 1st West Virginia Ve­teran Infantry (which see).


Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 57 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 88 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 151.

 

 

6th Regiment, West Virginia Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Grafton, Mannington, Cairo, Parkersburg and Wheeling, W. Va., August 13 to December 26, 1861. Attached to Railroad District, West Virginia, to March, 1862. Railroad District, Mountain Department, to July, 1862. Railroad District, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to September, 1862. Railroad District, West Virginia, to January, 1863. Clarksburg, W. Va., 8th Army Corps, to March, 1863. 6th Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. Wilkinson's Brigade, Scammon's Division, Dept. of West Virginia, to December, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. Kelly's Command, Reserve Division, West Virginia, to April, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division, West Virginia, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Regiment organized for railroad guard duty and served on line of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad by detachments, at various points west of Sleepy Hollow entire term. Raid from Fairmont to Valley River and Bootheville April 12, 1862 (Co. "A"). Skirmish at Valley River April 12 (Co. "A"). Skirmish at Big Bend June 7. Skirmish at Weston August 31 (2 Cos.). Skirmish at Weston September 3 (Detachment). Skirmish at Standing Stone September 28. Capture of St. George November 9 (Co. "B"). Skirmish at Johnstown April 18, 1863 (Detachment). Skirmish at Rowlesburg April 23. Rowlesburg and Portland April 26. Oakland, Md., April 26 (1 Co.). Skir­mish at Bridgeport April 29 (Detachment). Fairmont April 29 (Detachment). Bridgeport April 30. Sutton August 26 (Cos. "G" and "I"). Ball's Mills and on Elk River August 27 (Detachment). Bulltown, Braxton County, October 13, 1863 (Detachment). Bulltown May 3, 1864 (Detachment). South Branch Bridge July 4 (Detachment). Patterson's Creek Bridge July 4 (Detachment). Back Creek Bridge July 27 (Detachment). Cumberland, Md., August 1 (1 Co.). New Creek August 4 (2 Cos.). Bulltown August 20 (Detachment). Sutton August 24 (Detachment). Nutter Hill August 27 (Detachment). New Creek November 28 (Detachment). Mustered out June 10,

1865.


Regiment lost during service 8 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 167 Enlisted men by disease. Total 177.

 

 

7th Regiment, West Virginia Infantry:

s. LtCol Jonathan H. *Lockwood

 

Overview:

Organized at Portland, Cameron, Grafton, Wheeling, Morgantown and Greenland, W. Va., July 16 to December 3, 1861. Attached to Railroad District, West Virginia, to January, 1862. 1st Brigade, Landers' Division, Army Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, Shields' 2nd Division, Banks' 5th Army Corps and Dept. of the Shenandoah, to May, 1862. 1st Brigade, Shields' Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. Kimball's Independent Brigade, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army Potomac, to March, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, to June, 1865.

Service:

 

Moved to Romney, W. Va., and duty there till January 10, 1862. Skirmish at Romney, Mill Creek Mills, October 26, 1861. Expedition to Blue's Gap January 6-7, 1862. Hanging Rock, Blue's Gap, January 7. At Paw Paw Tunnel till March 4. Advance on Winchester March 4-15. Battle of Winchester March 23. Cedar Creek March 25. Woodstock April 1. Edenburg April 2. Columbia Furnace April 16. Occupation of Mt. Jackson April 17. March to Fredericksburg, Va., May 12-22. Ravenswood May 15. March to Front Royal May 25-30. Front Royal May 30. Expedition to Luray June 3-7. Forced march to Port Republic June 8-9. Battle of Port Republic June 9 (Reserve). Moved to Alexandria June 29, thence to Harrison's Landing June 30-July 2. Haxall's, Herring Creek, Chickahominy Swamp, July 3-5. Moved to Alexandria, thence to Centreville August 16-29. Plains of Manassas August 29-30. Germantown Septem­ber 1. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battles of South Mountain, Md., September 14; Antietam September 16-17. Moved to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., September 22, and duty there till October 30. Reconnoissance to Leesburg October 1-2. Advance up Loudoun Valley and march to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 18. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Duty at Falmouth till April. "Mud March" January 20-24. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24. Duty on line of the Rappahannock till September. Advance from line of the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Auburn and Bristoe October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Kelly's Ford November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Robertson's Tavern November 27. Mine Run November 28-30. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Morton's Ford February 6-7. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Po River May 10; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Sali­ent or "Bloody Angle" May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. 0n line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864. Demonstration north of the James July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Demonstration north of the James August 13-20. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18. Ream's Station August 25. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 1. Yellow House October 1-3. Hatcher's Run October 27-28. Raid on Weldon Railroad December 7-12. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, Februa­ry 5-7, 1865. Watkins' House March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Boydton and White Oak Roads March 30-31. Crow's House March 31. Fall of Petersburg April 2.Sailor's Creek April 6. Farmville and High Bridge April 7. Clover Hill, Appomattox Court House, April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Washington, D. C., May 1-12. Grand Review May 23. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June. Mustered out July 1, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 133 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 154 Enlisted men by disease. Total 300.

 

Regimentskommandeur der 7th West Virginia Infantry war im Sommer 1863 LtCol Jonathan H. *Lockwood. Das Regiment gehörte im Juli 1863 zu Samuel S. *Carrol's Brigade (*Gibraltar Brigade) und verteidigte am 2.7.1863 den East Cemetary Hill im Battle of Gettysburg.

 

 

8th Regiment West Virginia Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Buffalo, W. Va., November, 1861. Attached to District of the Kanawha, W. Va. Unassigned to May, 1862. Cluserett's Advance Brigade, Dept. of the Mountains, to June, 1862. Bohlen's Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia, to Sep­tember, 1862. Milroy's Independent Brigade, Defenses of Washington, D.C., to October, 1862. Point Pleasant, W. Va., District of the Kanawha, W. Va., Dept. of the Ohio, to March, 1863. Averill's 4th Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to June, 1863. Averill's 4th Separate Brigade, Dept. of West Virginia, to December, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, Army of West Virginia, to January, 1864.

 

Service:

Post duty at Buffalo, W. Va., until April, 1862. Ordered to New Creek, W. Va. At Franklin until May 25. Pursuit of Jack­son up the Shenandoah Valley May 26-June 19. Mt. Carmel Road near Strasburg June 1. Strasburg and Staunton Road June 1-2. Har­risonburg June 6. Battle of Cross Keys June 8. Port Republic June 9. Moved to Strasburg June 19-22, thence to Middletown June 24, and duty there until July. Middletown July 7. At Winchester until August 2. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 2-Septem­ber 22. Fords of the Rappahannock August 20-23. Freeman's Ford August 22. Sulphur Springs August 23-24. Waterloo Bridge Au­gust 25. Gainesville August 28. Groveton August 29. Bull Run August 30. In the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until September 29. Moved to Mt. Pleasant, W. Va., September 29-October 9. Outpost duty at various points in District of West Virginia, until June, 1863. Skirmish, Gilmer County, W. Va., April 24, 1863. Regiment mounted at Bridgeport June, 1863. Moved to Grafton June 17. Beverly July 2-3. Huttonsville July 4. Moved to Cumberland, Md., July 7. Hedgesville and Martinsburg July 18-19. Averill's Raid through Hardy, Pendleton, Highland, Bath, Greenbrier and Pocahontas Counties, W. Va., August 5-31. Huntersville August 22. Warm Springs August 24. Jackson River August 25. Rocky Gap near White Sulphur Springs August 26-27. At Martinsburg until November, Ave­rill's Raid against Lewisburg and the Virginia& Tennessee Railroad November 1-17. Mill Point November 5. Droop Mountain No­vember 6. Covington November 9. Averill's Raid to Salem on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad December 8-25. Gatewood's December 12. Covington, Jackson River and Scott's or Barber's Creek December 19. At Martinsburg until January, 1864. Designation changed to 7th West Virginia Cavalry January 26, 1864.

 

 

9th Regiment, West Virginia Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Guyandotte November 28, 1861, to April 30, 1862. Attached to District of the Kanawha, West Virginia, to May, 1862. 4th Brigade, Kanawha Division, West Virginia, to September, 1862. District of the Kanawha, West Virginia, Dept. of the Ohio, to Ja­nuary, 1863. Milroy's Command, Winchester, Va., 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Divisi­on, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, Scammon's Division, West Virginia, to August, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Scammon's Divi­sion, West Virginia, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, West Virginia, to November, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty at Guyandotte, W. Va., till April, 1862. Affair at Guyandotte November 10, 1861. Assigned to garrison duty in the Kanawha Valley by detachments at Fayette, Gauley Bridge, Summerville, Point Pleasant, Coalsmouth and Calhoun till July, 1862. Scout in Roa­ne and Clay Counties May 8-21. Affair at Summerville July 25 (Cos. "A," "F"). Moved to Flat Top Mountain July 28. To Sum­merville and Gaulcy August 14. Campaign in the Kanawha Valley September 1-16. Repulse of Loring's attack on Fayetteville Sep­tember 10. Cotton Hill, Charleston and Gauley Ferry September 11. Charleston September 13. At Point Pleasant to January, 1863. Expedition up the Kanawha Valley October 21-November 10, 1862. At Winchester and Beverly January to June, 1863. Scout to War­densville, Strasburg, etc., April 25-30. Winchester May 4, West Creek May 23. Winchester June 18. Duty in the Kanawha Valley till May, 1864. Crook's Expedition against Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 2-19. Action at Cloyd's Mountain May 9. New River Bridge May 10. Cove Mountain or Grassy Lick near Wytheville May 10. Salt Pond Mountain and Gap Mountain May 12-13. Hunter's Expedition against Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Lexington June 11. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Retreat to Charleston June 19-July 1. Buford's Gap June 20. About Salem June 21. Moved to Shenandoah Valley July 12-15. Stephenson's De­pot July 20. Battle of Kernstown, Winchester, July 23-24. Martinsburg July 25. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 6-November 1. Halltown August 24 and 26. Berryville September 3. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill Sep­tember 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. At Camp Russell till November. Consolidated with 5th West Virginia Infantry Novem­ber 9, 1864, to form 1st West Virginia Veteran Infantry (which see).


Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 96 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 107 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 207.

 

 

10th Regiment, West Virginia Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Pickens, Canaan, Glenville, Clarksville, Sutton, Phillippi and Piedmont March 12 to May 18, 1862. Attached to Cheat Mountain District, Mountain Department, to May, 1862. Railroad District, Mountain Department, to July, 1862. Railroad Dis­trict, 8th Corps, Middle Department, to September, 1862. Railroad Division, West Virginia, to January, 1863. Milroy's Command, Winchester, Va., 8th Army Corps, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 8th Army Corps, to March, 1863. Averill's 4th Se­parate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to June, 1863. Averill's 4th Separate Brigade, Dept. West Virginia, to Decem­ber, 1863. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. Kelly's Command, Reserve Division, West Virginia, to July, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, West Virginia, July, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division, West Virginia, to December, 1864. 3rd Briga­de, Independent Division, 24th Army Corps, Army of the James, to June, 1865. 2nd Brigade, Independent Division, 24th Army Corps, to August, 1865.

 

Service:

At Monterey April, 1862. Assigned to railroad guard duty in Railroad District, District of West Virginia, till January, 1863; at Bever­ly, Bulltown, Martinsburg, etc. Expedition from Summerville to Addison April 17-21, 1862. Skirmish at Holly River, W. Va., April 17. Mung's Flats June 25. Buckhannon August 30. Sutton September 23. Big Birch October 6. Wardensville December 22. At Win­chester, Va., January, 1863. At Beverly May, 1863. Scout to Beverly June 16. Action at Beverly July 2-3. At Martinsburg August, 1863. Averill's Raid through Hardy, Pendleton, Bath, Highland, Greenbrier and Pocahontas Counties August 5-31. Rocky Gap near White Sulphur Springs August 26-27. Sutton August 26 (Cos. "G," "I"). Bell's Mills and on Elk River August 27 (Detachment). Bull­town, Braxton County, October 13. Averill's Raid against Lewisburg and the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad November 1-17. Mill Point November 5. Droop Mountain November 6. Hillsboro November 10. At Beverly till May, 1864; scouting Counties of Ran­dolph, Tucker, Pocahontas, Greenbrier, Braxton, Highland, Pendleton and Webster. Cheat River December 6, 1863. Moorefield Junc­tion January 3, 1864. Scout from Beverly through Pocahontas, Webster and Braxton Counties May 15-30. Leetown July 3. Maryland Heights, Md., July 6-7. Operations about Harper's Ferry July 10. Snicker's Ferry July 17-18. Kernstown, Winchester, July 23-24. She­ridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 6 to November 28. Strasburg and Massanametton Mountain August 16. Winchester Au­gust 17. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Cedar Creek October 13. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty in Shenandoah Valley till December. Moved to Washington, D. C., December 19-20, thence to Bermuda Hundred December 20-23. Duty in the trenches north of James River till March, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Moved to front of Petersburg March 28-29. Hatcher's Run March 30-31, and April 1. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Rice's Station April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Lynchburg April 12-15. March to Farmville and Burkesville April 15-19, thence to Richmond April 22-25. Duty near Richmond till August. Mustered out Au­gust 9, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 93 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 144 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 241.

 

 

11th Regiment, West Virginia Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Wheeling, Elizabeth, Burning Springs, Parkersburg, Ravenswood, Kanawha Station and Point Pleasant, W. Va., October 29, 1861, to October 8, 1862. At Ceredo and Parkersburg, W. Va., till October, 1862. Attached to Railroad District, West Virginia, Dept. of the Mountains and Middle Department, to January, 1863. Parkersburg, W. Va., to March, 1863. 6th Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to June, 1863. Wilkinson's Brigade, Scammon's Division, Dept. West Virginia, to December, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, West Virginia, to July, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division, West Virginia, July, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Infantry Division, West Virginia, to December, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Independent Division, 24th Army Corps, Army of the James, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Parkersburg and guarding Baltimore & Ohio Railroad through counties south of line from Jackson County to Lewis County till June, 1863. Skirmishes at Arnoldsburg and Camp McDonald, W. Va., May 6, 1862. Scout to Roane and Clay Counties May 8-21. Big Bend June 4. Mouth West Fork June 10. Glenville September 1. Spencer Roane Court House September 2. Operations against Jones' Raid on Baltimore & Ohio Railroad April 21-May 21, 1863. Duty on the Upper Potomac till August. West Union May 6, 1863 (1 Co.). Elizabeth Court House May 16. At Parkersburg, Clarksburg, Grafton, Sutton, Bulltown and Beverly guarding Baltimore & Ohio Railroad till April, 1864. Operations against Morgan July 2-26, 1863. Glenville August 21, 1863 (Cos. "C," "H"). Near Glen­ville August 27, 1863 (Cos. "C," "H"). Skirmish at Beech Fork, Calhoun County, September 8, 1863. Roane County September 12. Bulltown, Braxton County, October 13. Salt Lick Bridge October 14. Ravenswood October 26. Sandy River near Elizabeth October 27. Hurricane Creek December 3 (Detachment). Crook's Raid on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 2-19, 1864. Princeton May 6. Battle of Cloyd's Mountain May 9. Cove Mountain or Grassy Lick near Wytheville and New River Bridge May 10. Salt Pond Moun­tain and Gap Mountain May 12-13. Hunter's Expedition to Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Panther Gap June 4. Middlebrook and Browns­ville June 10. Lexington June 11. Otter Creek near Liberty June 16. Spencer June 16. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Retreat to Charleston, W. Va., June 19-July 1. Buford's Gap June 19. About Salem June 21. Moved to Shenandoah Valley July. Sandy Hook, Md., July 8. Snicker's Ferry or Gap July 17-18. Battle of Kernstown, Winchester, July 24. Flintstone Creek, Md., August 1. Cumberland, Md., August 1 (4 Cos.). Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Berryville September 3. Batt­le of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Skirmishes at Cedar Creek October 1 and 13. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty in Shenandoah Valley at Camp Russell till December 19. Moved to Washington, D. C., thence to Bermuda Hundred, Va., December 19-23. Duty in the trenches before Richmond till March, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Moved to front of Petersburg March 28-29. Hatcher's Run March 30-31 and April 1. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Rice's Station April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Lynchburg April 12-15, thence to Farmville and Burkesville Junction April 15-19, and to Richmond April 22-25. Duty near Richmond till June, 1865. Mustered out June 17, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 63 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 148 Enlisted men by disease. Total 215.

 

 

12th Regiment, West Virginia Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Wheeling, W. Va., August 30, 1862. Attached to Railroad District, 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., to January, 1863. Milroy's Command, Winchester, Va., 3th Army Corps, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 3th Army Corps, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of the Susquehanna, to July, 1863. McReynolds' Command, Martinsburg, W. Va., to December, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, West Virginia, to January, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Infantry Division, West Virginia, to December, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Independent Division, 24th Army Corps, Army of the James, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

At Buckhannon October, 1862. Wardensville October 16. Moved to Winchester, Va., January, 1863, and duty there till May. At Be­verly May. Battle of Winchester June 13-15. Retreat to Harper's Ferry June 15-17. At Bloody Run, Pa., June 30. At Martinsburg, W. Va., July 14-December 10, 1863. Wells' demonstration up the Shenandoah Valley December 10-25. At Harper's Ferry till February 1, 1864. At New Creek till April. At Cumberland, Md., Webster and Beverly April. Sigel's Expedition from Martinsburg to New Market, Va., April 30-May 16. Rude's Hill May 14. Battle of New Market May 15. Advance to Staunton May 24-June 6. Piedmont, Mt. Craw­ford, June 5. Occupation of Staunton June 6. Hunter's Expedition to Lynchburg June 10-July 1. Near Lynchburg June 14. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Retreat to Charleston, W. Va., June 18-July 1. Moved to Shenandoah Valley July 12-15. Snicker's Ferry July 17-18. Battle of Kernstown-Winchester July 23-24. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 6-Novem­ber 28. Cedar Creek August 12. Strasburg August 15. Berryville September 3. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19 (guar­ding trains). Fisher's Hill September 22 (guarding trains). Duty at Winchester and in the Shenandoah Valley till December. Moved to Washington, D. C., thence to Bermuda Hundred, Va., December 19-23. Duty in trenches before Richmond till March, 1865. Appo­mattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Moved to front of Petersburg March 28-29. Hatcher's Run March 30-31 and April 1. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Rice's Station April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrrender of Lee and his army. March to Lynchburg, Va., April 12-15, thence to Farmville and Burkesville Junction April 15-19, and to Richmond April 22-25. Duty near Richmond till June. Mustered out June 16, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 56 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 131 Enlisted men by disease. Total 190.

 

 

13th Regiment, West Virginia Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Mt. Pleasant and Barboursville October, 1862. Attached to District of the Kanawha, West Virginia, Dept. of the Ohio, to March, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, Scammon's Division, Dept. of West Virginia, to December, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, West Virginia, to January, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, West Virgi­nia, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, West Virginia, to January, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division, West Virgi­nia, to April, 1865. 1st Brigade, 4th Provisional Division, West Virginia, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Point Pleasant and Coalsmouth, W. Va., till April, 1863. Hurricane Bridge March 28. Skirmish at Point Pleasant March 30. Hurricane and Coal River till July. Fayetteville May 20. Expedition to Piney in pursuit of Loring July 5-14, and in pursuit of Morgan July 17-26. Duty at Charleston and other points in the Kanawha Valley till May, 1864. Crook's Raid on Virginia & Tennessee Rail­road May 2-19. Battle of Cloyd's Mountain May 9. New River Bridge and Cove Mountain May 10. Salt Pond Mountain and Gap Mountain May 12-13. Hunter's Expedition to Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Lexington June 11. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Retreat to Charleston June 18-July 1. Buford's Gap June 19. About Salem June 21. Moved to the Shenandoah Valley July 12-15. Battle of Kernstown-Winchester July 23-24. Martinsburg July 25. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 6-November 28. Near Charlestown, W. Va., August 21-22. Halltown August 26. Berryville September 3. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, Septem­ber 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. At Camp Russell and in the Shenandoah Valley till December. Kablestown November 18. At Cumberland, Md., till April, 1865. At Winchester and Staunton till June. Mustered out June 22, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 57 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 108 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 170.

 

 

14th Regiment, West Virginia Infantry:

s. Pvt Frederick *Arn (Co. F)

 

Overview:

Organized at Wheeling, Va., August 25, 1862. Attached to Railroad Division, West Virginia, to January, 1863. New Creek, W. Va., Defences Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., to March, 1863. 5th Brigade, 1st Division. 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. Mulligan's Brigade, Scammon's Division, West Virginia, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, West Virginia, to January, 1865. 1st Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, West Virginia, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Ordered to Clarksburg, W. Va., and guard duty on the Upper Potomac, Headquarters at New Creek, till June, 1863. Expedition to Greenland Gap April 13-22, 1863. Action at Greenland Gap April 25 (Co. "A"). Duty at New Creek, Petersburg and Romney till April, 1864. Skirmish near Burlington November 16, 1863. Burlington and Petersburg Turnpike November 19. Salem December 16. Jackson River, near Covington, December 19. Operations in Hampshire and Hardy Counties December 31, 1863-January 5, 1864. Operations in Hampshire and Hardy Counties against Rosser January 27-February 7, 1864. Evacuation of Petersburg January 30. Crook's Expedition against Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 2-19. Battle of Cloyd's Mountain May 9. New River Bridge May 10. Cove Mountain or Grassy Lick, near Wytheville, May 10. Salt Pond Mountain and Gap Mountain May 12-13. Hunter's Expedition against Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Retreat to Charleston June 18-July 1. Buford's Gap June 20. About Salem June 21. Moved to the Shenandoah Valley July 12-15. Snicker's Ferry July 17-18. Stephenson's Depot July 20. Battle of Kernstown-Winchester July 23-24. Martinsburg July 25. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 6-November 28. Strasburg August 15. Halltown August 24 and 26. Berryville September 3. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Camp Russell and in Shenandoah Valley till December. Myerstown November 28. Duty at Martinsburg, Cumberland, Md., and Winchester, Va., till June, 1865. Near Patterson Creek Station March 22, 1865 (Co. "H"). Mustered out June 28, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 7 Officers and 81 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 157 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 246.

 

 

15th Regiment, West Virginia Infantry:

s. Michael *Egan

 

Overview:

Organized at Wheeling, W. Va., August-October, 1862. Attached to Railroad Division, West Virginia, to January, 1863. Sir John's Run, Defences Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., to March, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. Unattached New Creek, W. Va., Dept. of West Virginia, to August, 1863. Campbell's Brigade, Scammon's Division, Dept. West Virginia, to December, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, West Virginia, April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, West Virginia, to July, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Infantry Division, West Virginia, to December, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Independent Division, 24th Army Corps, Army of the James, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

At New Creek Station October 18-December 22, 1862. Moved to Sir John's Run December 22, and duty there guarding Baltimore & Ohio Railroad till June 16, 1863. Moved to New Creek June 16, thence to Cumberland, Md., and to Hancock, Md., July 4. To Fair­view July 11, and to Williamsport, Md., July 14. Operations against Lee till July 28. At Mechanicsburg Gap, near Romney, August 5-November 5, and at Alpine till April, 1864. Bath March 19. Crook's Expedition against Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 2-19. Battle of Cloyd's Mountain May 9. New River Bridge May 10. Cove Mountain or Grassy Lick, near Wytheville, May 10. Salt Pond Mountain and Gap Mountain May 12-13. Meadow Bluff May 19. Hunter's Expedition to Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Middlebrook and Brownsville June 10. Lexington June 11-12. Otter Creek, near Liberty, June 16. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Retreat to Charleston June 18-July 1. Buford's Gap June 20. About Salem June 21. Moved to Shenandoah Valley July 12-15. Snicker's Ferry or Gap July 17-18. Battle of Kernstown-Winchester July 23-24. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 6-November 28. Berryville September 3. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Skirmish at Cedar Creek October 13. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Camp Russell and in the Shenandoah Valley till December. Moved to Washington, D. C., thence to Bermuda Hundred, Va., December 19-23. Duty in the trenches before Richmond, Va., till March, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Moved to front of Petersburg March 28-29. Hatcher's Run March 30-31 and April 1. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Rice's Station April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Lynchburg April 12-15, thence to Farmville and Burkesville Junction April 15-19, and to Richmond, Va., April 22-25. Duty near Richmond till June. Mustered out June 14, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 50 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 99 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 153.

 

Literatur:

- *Egan, Michael (15th West Virginia Infantry): The Flying Gray-Haired Yank (Gauley Mount Press, Leesburg - 1992Reprint of 1888 title). Egan started his service as a contractor and carried dispatches through guerilla infested central West Virginia from Clarksburg to Gauley Bridge. He later became an officer in the 15th West Virginia Volunteer Infantry being captured and imprisoned, escaping twice

 

 

16th Regiment West Virginia Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Washington, D. C, August and September, 1862. Attached to Abercrombie's Division, Defenses of Washington, D.C., to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Abercrombie's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to April, 1863. 2nd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Army Corps, Defenses South of the Potomac, to June, 1863.

 

Service:

On duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C.. north and south of the Potomac, during entire term. Mustered out June 10, 1863.

 

Regiment lost during service 7 by disease.

 

 

17th Regiment, West Virginia Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Wheeling, W. Va., September 26, 1864, to February 25, 1865. Attached to Reserve Division, District of Harper's Ferry, W. Va., west of Sleepy Hollow, to March, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division, West Virginia, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Moved to Clarksburg, W. Va., September 27, 1864, and guarding railroad and on garrison duty till mustered out. Mustered out June 30, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 1 killed and 24 by disease. Total 25.

 

 

Independent Battalion West Virginia Infantry:

 

Organized at Wheeling, W. Va., October 1, 1862, to January 9, 1863. On duty at Wheeling, W. Va., entire term. Mustered out: Company "B" April 23, 1864; Company "A" May 31, 1865.

 

 

1st Independent Company Loyal Virginians:

Organized at Cobb's Island June 30, 1864. Mustered out December 1, 1865.

 

 

Independent Company B, West Virginia Infantry:

 

Overview:

"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.

 

 

 

 

 

c. Cavalry:

 

1st Regiment West Virginia Cavalry:

s. Major Benjamin F. *Chamberlain; Pvt. James Frank *Adams (Co. D); Pvt William *Harrison (Co. D)

 

Overview:

Organized at Wheeling, Clarksburg and Morgantown July 10 to November 25, 1861. Attached to Cheat Mountain District, W. Va., to January, 1862. Landers' Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Shields' 2nd Division, Banks' 5th Corps, and Dept. of the Shenandoah to May, 1862 (8 Cos.). Milroy's Cheat Mountain District, W. Va., to June, 1862 (4 Cos.). Shields' Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862 (8 Cos.). Buford's Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Army Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862 (8 Cos.). Milroy's Independent Brigade, 1st Army Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862 (4 Cos.). Unassigned, Defences of Washing­ton, D. C., to February, 1863. Price's Cavalry Brigade, Defences of Washington, D. C., and 22nd Army Corps, to April, 1863. 3rd Bri­gade, Stahel's Cavalry Division, 22nd Army Corps, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to December, 1863. Unassigned, Dept. of West Virginia, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, W. Va., to May, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, W. Va., to June, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, W. Va., to November, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Middle Military Division, to February, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to July, 1865. (Co. "A" attached to Averill's 4th Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, March to June, 1863. Averill's 4th Separate Brigade, W. Va., to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, W. Va., to April, 1864. Kelly's Com­mand, Reserve Division, W. Va., to April, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division, W. Va., to July, 1865.)

 

Service:

Action at Carnifex Ferry, W. Va., September 10, 1861 (Detachment). Romney, W. Va., October 26 (Co. "A"). Guyandotte, W. Va., November 10 (Detachment). Wirt Court House November 19. Capture of Suttonville, Braxton Court House, November 29. In support of Garfield's operations in Eastern Kentucky against Humphrey Marshall December 23, 1861, to January 30, 1862 (Detachment). Skirmishes in Clay, Braxton and Webster Counties December 29-31. Jennies Creek, Ky., January 7, 1862 (Detachment). Regiment engaged in scouting, picket and outpost duty and guarding Baltimore & Ohio Railroad in West Virginia till March, 1862. Expedition to Blue's Gap January 6-7. Hanging Rock Pass, Romney, January 7. Bloomery Gap February 13. Bloomen February 15. Advance on Winchester, Va., March 5-12 (Cos. "C," "E" and "L"). Phillippi March 20 (4 Cos.). Battle of Winchester March 23. Monterey April 12 (Cos. "C," "E" and "L"). Buffalo Gap May 3 (Cos. "C," "E" and "L"). McDowell May 7 (Cos. "C," "E" and "L"). Scouts to Roane and Clay Counties May 8-21. Giles Court House May 10 (Detachment). Strasburg June 1. Cross Keys June 8. Port Republic June 9. White Plains June 10. Expedition to Madison Court House, Culpeper Court House and Orange Court House July 12-17. Near Culpe­per July 12. Cedar Mountain August 9 (Cos. "C," "E" and "L"). Orange Court House August 13. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virgi­nia August 16-September 2. Rapidan August 18. Rappahannock Station, Hazel River, August 22 (Cos. "C," "E" and "L"). Kelly's Ford August 22. Sulphur Springs August 23. Waterloo Bridge August 23-25. Buckland Bridge, near Gainesville, August 28 (Cos. "C," "E" and "L"). Groveton August 29 (Cos. "C," "E" and "L"). Bull Run August 30 (Cos. "C," "E" and "L"). Lewis Ford August 30. Chantilly September 1. (2 Cos. at Antietam, Md., September 16-17.) Ashby's Gap September 22. Expedition to Thoroughfare Gap October 17-18. Gainesville October 18. Near Warrenton November 4. Reconnoissance to Snicker's Ferry and Berryville November 28-30. Snicker's Ferry November 30. Moorefield, W. Va., December 3 (1 Co.). Near Moorefield, W. Va., January 5, 1863. Cockle­town, Pocahontas County, W. Va., January 22. Scout from Centreville to Falmouth February 27-28. Beverly April 24 (Co. "A"). War­renton Junction May 3 (Detachment). Winchester June 13-15 (Cos. "C" and "K"). Hanover, Pa., June 30. Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Hunterstown July 2. Monterey Gap July 4. Smithburg July 5. Hagerstown July 6. Boonsboro July 8. Hagerstown July 11-13. Falling Water July 14. Expedition from Fayetteville, W. Va., to Wytheville July 13-15 (2 Cos.). Shanghai July 16 (Co. "A"). Wytheville July 18-19 (Co. "A"). Near Hedgesville and Martinsburg July 18-19 (Co. "A"). Near Gaines' Cross Roads July 23. McConnellsburg, Pa., July 30. Averill's Raid through Hardy, Pendleton, Highland, Bath, Greenfield and Pocahontas Counties, W. Va., August 25-31 (Co. "A"). Rocky Gap, near White Sulphur Springs, August 26-27 (Co. "A"). Expedition to Port Conway September 1-3. Culpeper Court House September 13. Raccoon Ford September 14-16. Robertson's Station September 16. Raccoon Ford September 17-18. White's Ford September 22-23. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. James City and Bethesda Church October 10. Near Culpeper, Brandy Stati­on and Griffinsburg October 11. Gainesville October 14. Groveton October 17-18. Gainesville, New Baltimore, Buckland's Mill and Haymarket October 19. Catlett's Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Raccoon Ford November 26-27. Averill's Raid from Lewisburg to Virginia & Tennessee Railroad November 1-17 (Co. "A"). Droop Mountain November 6 (Co. "A"). Averill's Raid from New Creek to Salem December 8-25 (Co. "A"). Regiment on duty at various points in West Virginia till May, 1864. Averill's Raid on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 5-19. Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, between Bloomfield and Pied­mont, May 5. Abb's Valley, Jeffersonville, May 8. Grassy Lick, Cove Mountain, near Wytheville, May 10. Doublin Station May 12. Rude's Hill and New Market May 14. Lewisburg May 20 (Detachment). Hunter's Raid on Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Staunton June 8. White Sulphur Springs June 10. Lexington June 11. Scout around Lynchburg June 13-15. Near Buchanan June 13. New London June 16. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Snicker's Ford June 18. Liberty June 19. Buford's Gap June 20. Catawba Mountains and about Salem June 21. Snicker's Ferry, Va., July 17-18. Carter's Farm, near Stephenson's Depot, July 20. Newtown July 22. Kernstown, Winchester, July 24. Falling Waters July 24. Martinsburg July 25. Hagerstown July 29. Hancock July 31. Wil­liamsport and Hagerstown August 5. Near Moorefield August 7. Williamsport August 26. Martinsburg August 31. Bunker Hill Sep­tember 3-4. Stephenson's Depot September 5. Darkesville September 10. Bunker Hill September 13. Berryville and near Brentsville September 14. Centreville September 14. Charlestown September 17. Winchester September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Mt. Jackson September 23-24. Forest Hill or Timberville September 24. Brown's Gap September 26. Weyer's Cave September 26-27. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Dry Run October 23 (Detachment). Milford October 25 (Detachment). Nineveh November 12. Rude's Hill, near Mt. Jackson, November 22. Expedition to Gordonsville December 19-28. Gordonsville December 23. Sheridan's Raid from Winchester February 25-March 25, 1865. Mt. Crawford February 28. Waynesboro March 2. Charlottesville March 3. Au­gusta Court House March 10. Haydensville March 12. Beaver Dam Station March 15. White House March 26. Appomattox Cam­paign March 28-April 9. Dinwiddie Court House March 29-31. Five Forks April 1. Namozine Church and Scott's Corners April 2. Jettersville April 4. Amelia Court House April 5. Sailor's Creek April 6. Stony Point April 7. Appomattox Station April 8. Appo­mattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Expedition to Danville April 23-29. March to Washington, D. C., May. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out July 8, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 10 Officers and 71 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 126 Enlisted men by disease. Total 207.

 

Einsatz im Battle of Kernstown am 23.3.1862 (vgl. OR 12 [I]: 346, 355).

 

Das Regiment gehörte zu 1863 während der Gettysburg Campaign zu BrigGen *Farnsworth’s Brigade (5th New York Cavalry, 18th Pennsylvania Cavalry, 1st Vermont Cavalry, 1st West Virginia Cavalry) in Kilpatrick‘s Cavalry Division (vgl. Parsons, Henry C.: "Farnsworth Charge and Death." in: B & L, vol. 3, S. 393).

 

14 Angehörige des Regiments erhielten die Medal of Honor: Pvt James Frank *Adams (Co. D)

 

 

2nd Regiment West Virginia Cavalry:

s. Major / BrigGen William H. *Powell; Pvt. William J. *Vincent (Co. E, D)

 

Overview:

Organized at Parkersburg, W. Va., September to November, 1861. Attached to District of the Kanawha, W. Va., to March, 1862. Unat­tached, Kanawha Division, W. Va., to September, 1862. Unattached, District of the Kanawha, Dept. of the Ohio, to January, 1863. Unattached, 3rd Division, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to June, 1863. Scammon's Division, W. Va., to December, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of West Virginia, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Army of West Virginia, to June, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Army of West Virginia, to July, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, W. Va., to No­vember, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Middle Military Division, to February, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Ordered to Guyandotte, W. Va., December 15, 1861, and duty there till April, 1862. Cooperate with Garfield against Humphrey Mar­shall January 7-8, 1862. Dry Fork, Cheat River, February 8. 1st Battalion (Cos. "B," "C," "F," "H" and "I") moved to Meadow Bluff April, 1862. 2nd Battalion (Cos. "A," "D," "E," "G" and "K") moved to Raleigh with General Cox engaged in scouting and operating against bushwhackers in Raleigh, Fayette and Wyoming Counties till August, then rejoined Regiment. Demonstration on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 10-18. Lewisburg May 12. Princeton May 15-17. Retreat to Flat Top Mountain May 18. Jackson River De­pot May 20. Lewisburg May 23. Raid to Shaver River May 30. Lewisburg May 30. Middle Creek June 8. Alderson's Ferry June 9. Wolf Creek July 10. Lamb's Mill July 15. Blue Sulphur Springs July 20. Alderson's Ferry July 23. Williamsport July 28. At Meadow Bluff till August. Ordered to Kanawha Falls August 14. Shady Springs August 28 (Detachment). Campaign in Kanawha Valley Sep­tember 6-16. Barboursville September 8. Fayetteville September 10. Cotton Hill September 11. Loop Creek September 11. Hurricane Bridge September 12. Charlestown September 13. At Point Pleasant to October 20. Moved to Charlestown October 20, thence to Camp Piatt. Expedition from Summerville to Cold Knob Mountain November 24-30. Lewis Mill on Sinking Creek November 26. Peters Mountain Raid January 5-20, 1863. Scout into Wyoming County February 5-8. Expedition into Pocahontas County February 10-12. Scout through Boone, Wyoming and Logan Counties March 12-16. Expedition through Logan and Cabell Counties April 3-6. Mud River April 5. Lewisburg May 2. West Union May 6. Summerville May 12 Fayetteville May 18-20. Scout on Big and Little Coal Rivers June 18-19. Loup Creek June 26 (Cos. "B" and "I"). Raleigh July 4. Expedition from Fayetteville to Wytheville July 13-25. Shady Springs July 14. Wytheville July 18-19. Fayetteville July 28. Cold Springs Gap August 5 (Detachment). Scouts from Camp Piatt September 11-13. Smythe County September 14. Scout to Boone Court House October 21-22. Expedition from Charlestown to Lewisburg November 3-13. Little Sewell Mountain November 6. Capture of Lewisburg November 7. Muddy Creek November 7. Near Union November 8. Scammon's Demonstration from the Kanawha Valley December 8-25. Meadow Bluff December 11. Lewis­burg and Greenbrier River December 12. Scout in Cabell and Wayne Counties March 16-18, 1864. Averill's Raid on Virginia & Ten­nessee Railroad May 5-19. Princeton, Grassy Lick Cove, near Wytheville, Wytheville, Ingle and Cove Gap May 10. Salt Pond and Pond Mountain Gap May 13. Hunter's Raid on Lynchburg, Va., May 26-July 1. Staunton June 8. Newport June 10. Lexington June 11. Near Buchanan June 13. New London June 16. Otter Creek June 16. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Liberty June 19. Buford's Gap June 20. Catawba Mountains and near Salem June 21. Cove Gap June 23. Snicker's Ferry July 17-18. Carter's Farm July 20. Newtown July 22. Kernstown, Winchester, July 24. Martinsburg July 25. Hagerstown July 29. McConnellsburg, Pa., July 30. Hancock, Md., July 31. Near Moorefield August 7. Williamsport August 26. Martinsburg August 31. Bunker Hill September 2-3. Near Bunker Hill September 5. Near Stephenson's Depot September 5. Darkesville September 10. Bunker Hill September 13. Near Berryville September 14. Battle of Winchester September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Mt. Jackson September 23-24. Forest Hill or Timberville September 24. Piedmont September 25. Brown's Gap September 26. Weyer's Cave September 26-27. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Dry Run October 23. Nineveh November 12. Rude's Hill, Front Royal, November 22. Expedition to Gordonsville December 19-28. Liberty Mills December 22. Jack's Shop, near Gordonsville, December 23. Near Ashby's Gap December 27. Sheri­dan's Raid from Winchester February 25-March 25, 1865. Mt. Crawford February 28. Waynesboro March 2. Charlottesville March 3. Augusta Court House March 10. Haydensville March 12. Beaver Dam Station March 15. White House March 26. Appomattox Cam­paign March 28-April 9. Dinwiddie Court House March 29-31. Five Forks April 1. Namozine Church and Scott's Corners April 2. Jettersville April 4. Sailor's Creek April 6. Stony Point April 7. Appomattox Station April 8. Appomattox Court House April 9. Sur­render of Lee and his army. Expedition to North Carolina April 23-29. March to Washington, D. C., May. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 30, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 77 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 115 Enlisted men by disease. Total 196.

 

Medal of Honor: Major William H. Powell

 

 

3rd Regiment West Virginia Cavalry:

s. Captain Seymour B. *Conger; Corporal John *Lambie (Co. F)

 

Overview:

Organized December, 1861. Attached to Railroad District, West Virginia, to March, 1862. Railroad District, Mountain Department, to May, 1862. Unattached, Mountain Department, to June, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of Virginia, to Sep­tember, 1862 (Cos. "A" and "C"). District of West Virginia, Dept. of the Ohio and Dept. of West Virginia. Unassigned, to March, 1864 (Regiment). Milroy's Command, Winchester, Va., 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to February, 1863 (Cos. "D" and "E"). 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863 (Cos. "D" and "E"). 4th Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1864 (Cos. "F," "H" and "I"). 4th Separate Brigade, Dept. of West Virginia, to December, 1863 (Cos. "F," "H" and "I"). Bloody Run, Pa., Dept. of the Susquehanna, and Scammon's Division, Dept. of West Virginia, to July, 1863 (Cos. "D" and "E"). McReynolds' Com­mand, Martinsburg, W. Va., Dept. or West Virginia, to December, 1863 (Cos. "D" and "E"). 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, West Virginia (1 Co.). 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, West Virginia (3 Cos.). 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, West Virginia (2 Cos.), to March, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, West Virginia, to May, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, West Virginia, to November, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Corps, Middle Military Division, to February, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1865. Companies "A" and "C" attached to Headquarters, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, September, 1862, to December, 1862. Headquarters, Grand Reserve Division, Army of the Potomac, to February, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Cavalry Di­vision, 22nd Army Corps, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to November, 1863. Orde­red to Dept. of West Virginia November, 1863.

 

Service:

Duty in Railroad District, Mountain Department, to May, 1862. Monterey April 12. Skirmish at Grass Lick, W. Va., April 23. Fran­klin May 5. Raid to Shaver River May 30 (Detachment). Strasburg and Staunton Road June 1-2. Harrisonburg June 6. Cross Keys June 8. Near Mt. Jackson June 13. Pope's Virginia Campaign August 16-September 2. Groveton August 29. Bull Run August 30. Al­die October 9. Near Bristoe Station October 24. Chester Gap November 16. Dumfries December 12. Wardensville December 22 and 25. Petersburg, W. Va., January 3, 1863 (Detachment). Williamsport, Md., February 9. Truce Fork, Mud River, W. Va., February 20. Winchester March 19. Reconnoissance toward Wardensville and Strasburg April 20. Fisher's Hill, Strasburg Road, April 22. Lam­bert's Run April 22. Near Simpson's Creek April 30. Grove Church May 4. Janelew May 5 (Co. "E"). Strasburg May 6. Operations about Front Royal, Road Ford and Buck's Ford, May 12-16. Piedmont Station May 16. Brandy Station and Beverly Ford June 9. Winchester June 13-15 (Cos. "D" and "E"). Upperville June 21. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Boonesborough, Md., July 8. Be­nevola or Beaver Creek July 9. Funkstown July 10-13. Williamsport July 14. Shanghai, W. Va., July 16. Near Hedgesville and Mar­tinsburg July 18-19 (Co. "C"). Hagerstown July 29. Hancock July 31. Kelly's Ford July 31-August 1. Brandy Station August 1. Ave­rill's Raid through Hardy, Pendleton, Highland, Greenbrier, Bath and Pocahontas Counties, W. Va., August 5-25 (Cos. "E," "H" and "I"). Affair near Franklin August 19. Jackson River August 25. Williamsport, Md., August 26. Expedition to Leesburg August 30-September 2. Advance to the Rapidan September 13-17 (Cos. "A" and "C"). Culpeper Court House September 13 (Cos. "A" and "C"). Fisher's Hill September 21. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22 (Cos. "A" and "C"). Morton's Ford October 10 (Cos. "A" and "C"). Stevensburg and near Kelly's Ford October 11 (Cos. "A" and "C"). Brandy Station October 11 (Cos. "A" and "C"). Brandy Station and Fleetwood October 12 (Cos. "A" and "C"). Auburn and Bristoe October 14 (Cos. "A" and "C"). Oak Hill October 15 (Cos. "A" and "C"). Averill's Raid against Lewisburg and the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad November 1-17 (Cos. "E," "H" and "I"). Cackle­town November 4 (Cos. "E," "H" and "I"). Droop Mountain November 6 (Cos. "E," "H" and "I"). Advance to line of the Rappahan­nock November 7-8 (Cos. "A" and "C"). Near Little Boston November 24 (Detachment). Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2 (Cos. "A" and "C"). Averill's Raid from New Creek to Salem and Virginia & Tennessee Railroad December 8-25 (Cos. "E," "F" and "H"). Scammon's Demonstration from Kanawha Valley December 8-25 (Detachment). Near Wayne Court House, W. Va., January 27, 1864 (Co. "G"). Near Hurricane Bridge February 20. Averill's Raid on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 5-19. Grassy Lick, Cove Mountain, near Wytheville, May 10. Wytheville May 10. Hunter's Raid to Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Hamlin May 29. Lexington June 11. Near Buchanan June 13. Otter Creek, near Liberty, June 16. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Liberty June 19. Buford's Gap June 20. Catawba Mountains and about Salem June 21. Snicker's Ferry July 17-18. Bunker Hill July 19. Stephenson's Depot July 21. Winchester July 21-22. Newtown July 22. Kernstown, Winchester, July 24. Martinsburg July 26. McConnellsburg, Pa., July 30. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Near Moorefield August 7. Franklin August 19. Martinsburg August 25. Williamsport August 26. Big Springs August 29. Martinsburg August 31. Bunker Hill September 2-3. Martinsburg September 4. Stephenson's Depot September 5. Darkesville September 10. Bunker Hill September 13. Near Ber­ryville September 14. Battle of Winchester September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Mt. Jackson September 23-24. Forest Hill or Timberville September 24. Browns Gap and Mt. Sidney September 26. Weyer's Cave September 26-27. Charlestown September 27. Mt. Jackson September 28. Nineveh November 12. Rude's Hill November 20. Near Mt. Jackson November 22. Raid to Gordonsville December 19-28. Liberty Mills December 22. Jack's Shop, near Gordonsville, December 23. Sheridan's Expedition from Winchester February 25-March 25, 1865. Mt. Crawford March 1. Occupation of Staunton March 2. Waynesboro March 2. Charlottesville March 3. Augusta Court House March 10. Haydensville March 12. Beaver Dam Station March 15. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Dinwiddie Court House March 29-31. Five Forks April 1. Namozine Church April 3. Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox Station April 8. Appomattox Courthouse April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Expedition to Danville April 23-29. March to Washington, D. C., May. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 23, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 40 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 136 Enlisted men by disease. Total 132.

 

Im Sommer 1863 gehörten 2 Co’s unter dem Befehl von Captain *Conger zur 2nd Cavalry Brigade Col Thomas C. Devin 1st Cavalry Division BrigGen John Buford Army of the Potomac (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 39; Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 454).

 

 

5th Regiment West Virginia Cavalry:

s. Pvt John *Lambie

 

Overview:

Organized from 2nd Regiment West Virginia Mounted Infantry January 26, 1864. Attached to Martinsburg, W. Va., to March, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Cavalry Division, West Virginia, to June, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, West Virginia, to July, 1865. Kelly's Command, Reserve Division, West Virginia, to December, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty at Martinsburg, W. Va., till March 19, 1864. Operations in Hampshire and Hardy Counties January 27-February 7. Springfield February 2. Moved to Cumberland, Md., and duty there and at Patterson's Creek till April 27. Moved to Charleston April 27-30. Crook's Expedition to Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 2-19. Cloyd's Mountain or Farm May 9. New River Bridge May 10. Hunter's Expedition to Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Lexington June 11. Near Buchanan June 13. New London June 16. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Liberty June 19. Buford's Gap June 20. Catawba Mountains and about Salem June 21. At Camp Piatt, Charleston and New Creek guarding railroad in district west of Sleepy Hollow till December. Consolidated to a Battalion at Charleston September. Expedition from New Creek to Moorefield November 6-8 (Detachment). New Creek November 28. Transfer­red to 6th West Virginia Cavalry December 14, 1864.


Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 68 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 118 Enlisted men by disease. Total 189.

Predecessor unit:

WEST VIRGINIA VOLUNTEERS.2nd REGIMENT INFANTRY:

Company "A" organized at Pittsburg, Pa., April, 1861. Not accepted by Pennsylvania. Moved to Wheeling, W. Va., May 9, 1861, and mustered in May 21, 1861. Moved with 1st West Virginia Infantry May 25 along line of Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. Guard Glover's Gap till May 28. Action with Capt. Roberts' Command May 27. Moved to Grafton May 28. Detached as Body Guard to Gen. Geo. B. McClellan on his assuming command of the Army of West Virginia. Participated in the West Virginia Campaign July 6-17. Assigned to 2nd Regiment as Company "A." Company "B," Grafton Guards, organized May 20, 1861. Moved to Wheeling, W. Va., and muste­red in May 25. Moved to Mannington June 28, thence to Grafton July 1, and to Phillippi July 4. West Virginia Campaign July 6-17. Laurel Hill July 7. Carrick's Ford July 13. Moved to Beverly and assigned to 2nd Regiment as Company "B." (A detachment of Com­pany at Bealington till January 25, 1862, guarding supply trains between Webster and Beverly and scouting. Company "C" organized at Wheeling and mustered in June 1, 1861. Moved to Beverly, W. Va., July 1, and joined Regiment. Company "D" organized at Pitts­burg, Pa., and mustered in at Wheeling, W. Va., June 14, 1861. Moved to Clarksburg, W. Va. Guard supply train to Rich Mountain (Cos. "C," "D," "E") July 5-6, thence march to Beverly. Company "E" organized at Wheeling, W. Va., and mustered in June 16, 1861. Moved to Clarksburg, W. mustered in June 16, 1861. Moved to Clarksburg, W. Va. Guard supply train to Rich Mountain July 5-6, thence march to Beverly. Company "F" organized at Pittsburg, Pa., and mustered in at Wheeling, W. Va., June 24, 1861. Company "G" organized at Pittsburg, Pa., and mustered in at Wheeling, W. Va., June 18, 1861. Companies "F" and "G" left Wheeling July 5, and joined Regiment at Beverly. Company "H" organized at Ironton, Ohio, and mustered in at Wheeling, W. Va., June 28, 1861. Company "I" organized in Washington County, Pa. Moved to Wheeling, W. Va., July 9-10, and mustered in July 10. Moved to Graf­ton, Webster and Beverly July 22-27. Company "K" organized at Parkersburg, W. Va., and mustered in July 21, 1861. Regiment atta­ched to Army of Occupation, W. Va., to September, 1861. Cheat Mountain, District West Virginia, to March, 1862. Cheat Mountain District, Dept. of the Mountains, to April, 1862. Milroy's Brigade, Dept. of the Mountains, to June, 1862. Milroy's Independent Bri­gade, 1st Army Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Defences of Washington, D. C., to October, 1862. Beverly, W. Va., District of West Virginia, Dept. of Ohio, to March, 1863. 4th Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to June, 1863. Averill's 4th Separate Brigade, West Virginia, to December, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, West Virginia, to January, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty at Beverly, W. Va., till September 11, 1861. Laurel Fork Creek August 20. Ordered to Elkwater September 11. Operations on Cheat Mountain September 11-17. Cheat Mountain Pass September 12. Camp Allegheny September 13. Expedition to Huntersville December 31, 1861, to January 6, 1862. Huntersville January 3, 1862. At Cheat Mountain Summit till April 5. Dry Fork, Cheat River, January 8 (Co. "B"), and February 8. Advance on Staunton April 5-May 8. Monterey April 12. Battle of McDowell May 8. Near Franklin May 26. Battle of Cross Keys June 8. At Strasburg June 20-July 5. Advance to Luray July 5-11. Moved to Sperryville July 11, thence to Woodville July 22, and duty there till August 9. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope's Campaign in Northern Vir­ginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21-23. Freeman's Ford, Hazel River, August 22. Waterloo Bridge August 23-25. Gainesville August 28. Groveton August 29. Bull Run August 30. Duty in the Defences of Washington till September 29. Moved to Beverly, W. Va., September 29-October 9. Duty there till April 24, 1863. Cockletown January 22, 1863. Expedition into Pocahontas County February 10-12 (Detachment). Scout to Franklin April 11-18. Beverly April 24. Regiment mounted at Grafton. West Union May 6. Averill's Raid through Hardy, Pendleton, Highland, Bath, Greenbrier and Pocahontas Counties August 5-31. Jack­son River August 25. Rocky Gap near White Sulphur Springs August 26-27. Seneca Trace Crossing, Cheat River, September 25 (De­tachment). Averill's Raid on Lewisburg and the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad November 1-17. Mill Point November 5. Droop Mountain November 6. Averill's Raid from New Creek to Salem on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad December 8-25. Gatewood's De­cember 12. Salem December 16. Scott's or Barber's Creek December 19 (Detachment). Covington December 30. At Martinsburg till January 26, 1864. Designation changed to 5th West Virginia Cavalry January 26, 1864.

 

 

6th Regiment West Virginia Cavalry:

s. Major Theodore F. *Lang

 

Overview:

Organized from 3rd West Virginia Mounted Infantry January 26, 1864. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, Army West Virginia. to April, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, West Virginia, to June, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, West Virginia, to July, 1864. Reserve Division, Harper's Ferry, W. Va., to January, 1865. Remount Camp Pleasant Valley, Md., to April, 1865. Dept. of Washington, D. C., 22nd Army Corps, to June, 1865. District of the Plains, Dept. of Missouri, to May, 1866.

 

Service:

Duty at Martinsburg, W. Va., till March, 1864. Operations in Hampshire and Hardy Counties January 27-February 7. Springfield Fe­bruary 2. Moved to Beverly, March, and duty there till May. Winchester April 8 (Detachment). Kablestown June 10 (Detachment). White Post June 13 (Detachment). Wire Bridge and Springfield June 26 (Detachment). Frankfort July 4. Back Creek Bridge July 26. Regiment reorganized at Cumberland, Md., July 7. Remounted at North Bridge August 22, and ordered to New Creek. Duty there till January 12, 1865. Expedition to Moorefield November 6-8, 1864 (Detachment). Moorefield November 27-28. New Creek November 28. Moved to Remount Camp, Md., January 12, 1865, and duty there till April 4. Duty at Washington, D. C., till June 12. Moved to Leavenworth, Kan., June 12-29, and duty there till July 16. A detachment moved to Fort Kearney, Neb., and duty under Major Squi­res. Regiment moved to Julesburg and duty escorting Overland mails and operating against hostile Indians at Julesburg and Cotton­wood Springs till April, 1866. Moved to Fort Leavenworth, Kan., and mustered out May 22, 1866.


Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 28 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 201 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 236.


Predecessor unit:

WEST VIRGINIA VOLUNTEERS. 3rd REGIMENT INFANTRY:

Organized at Wheeling, Clarksburg and Newburg, W. Va., June-July, 1861. Served unattached, Army of West Virginia, to September, 1861. Cheat Mountain, District West Virginia, to March, 1862. Cheat Mountain District, Dept. of the Mountains, to April, 1862. Mil­roy's Independent Brigade, Dept. of the Mountains, to June, 1862. Milroy's Independent Brigade, 1st Army Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Defences of Washington, D. C., to October, 1862. Unattached, District of West Virginia, Dept. of the Ohio, to March, 1863, Averill's 4th Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to June, 1863. Averill's 4th Separate Bri­gade, Dept. of West Virginia, to December, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, Army of West Virginia, to January, 1864.

 

Service:

Protecting border counties against guerrillas from Phillippi to Suttonville, W. Va., till September, 1861. Rowell's Run September 6. Moved to Beverly September 10, thence to Elkwater, and duty there till April, 1862. Romney, Hanging Rock, September 23, 1861. Romney September 23-25. Mill Creek Mills October 26. Skirmishes in Clay, Braxton and Webster Counties December 29-31. Elk Mountain March 19, 1862. Advance on Staunton April 5-May 8. Cow Pasture May 7. Battle of McDowell May 8. Bull Pasture Mountain May 8. Reconnoissance to Franklin May 9-11. Franklin May 11-13. Strasburg and Staunton Road June 1-2. Battle of Cross Keys June 8. At Strasburg June 20-July 5. Advance to Luray July 5-11. Moved to Sperryville July 11, thence to Woodville July 22, and duty there till August 9. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Crooked Creek August 12. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21-23. Freeman's Ford and Hazel Run August 22. Waterloo Bridge Au­gust 23-25. Gainesville August 28. Groveton August 29. Bull Run August 30. Duty in the Defences of Washington till September 30. Moved to Clarksburg, W. Va., September 30-October 1. Duty at Clarksburg, Mt. Pleasant, and outpost duty at Buckhannon, Centre­ville, Bulltown, Sutton and Glenville till April, 1863. Regiment mounted, Janelew, May 5. Huttonsville July 4. Near Hedgeville and Martinsburg July 18-19. Averill's Raid through Hardy, Pendleton, Highland, Bath, Greenbrier and Pocahontas Counties August 5-31. Huntersville August 22 (Detachment). Jackson River August 25. Rocky Gap near White Sulphur Springs August 26-27. Averill's Raid against Lewisburg and the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad November 1-11. Cockletown November 4. Mill Point November 5. Droop Mountain November 6. Averill's Raid to Salem on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad December 8-25. Gatewood's December 12. Salem December 16. Scott's or Barber's Creek December 19. Moorefield December 28. Designation changed to 6th West Virginia Cavalry January 26, 1864 (which see).

 

Literatur:

- Lang, Theodore F. (Major 6th W. VA Cavalry): Loyal West Virginia from 1861-1865 (Baltimore 1895, First Edition); Portraits, Maps. Nevins says "...contains good sections on attitudes that existed between Virginians and West Virginians"

 

 

7th Regiment, West Virginia Cavalry:

 

Overview:

Organized from 8th West Virginia Mounted Infantry January 26, 1864. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, West Virginia, to June, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, West Virginia, to July, 1864. 1st Separate Brigade, Kanawha Valley, W. Va., to August, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Martinsburg and Charleston, W. Va., to April, 1864. Crook's Raid on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 2-19. Rocky Gap May 6. Cloyd's Mountain May 9. New River Bridge May 10. Cove Gap May 10. Blacksburg May 11. Union and Pond Mountain Gap May 12. Meadow Bluff May 24. Hunter's Raid to Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Buffalo Gap June 6. Lexington June 11. Buchanan June 13. New London June 16. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Liberty June 19. Buford's Gap June 20. About Salem June 21. At Loup Creek June 29. Ordered to the Kanawha Valley and duty at Charleston, Coalsmouth, Winfield, Point Pleasant and Gu­yandotte till August, 1865. Coalsmouth September 30, 1864. Skirmish at Winfield October 26, 1864 (1 Co.). Operations in the Kana­wha Valley November 5-12. Mustered out August 1, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 28 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 201 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 236.


Predecessor unit:

WEST VIRGINIA VOLUNTEERS.8th REGIMENT INFANTRY:

Organized at Buffalo, W. Va., November, 1861. Attached to District of the Kanawha, W. Va. Unassigned to May, 1862. Cluserett's Advance Brigade, Dept. of the Mountains, to June, 1862. Bohlen's Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia, to Sep­tember, 1862. Milroy's Independent Brigade, Defences of Washington, D. C., to October, 1862. Point Pleasant, W. Va., District of the Kanawha, W. Va., Dept. of the Ohio, to March, 1863. Averill's 4th Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to June, 1863. Averill's 4th Separate Brigade, Dept. of West Virginia, to December, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, Army of West Virginia, to January, 1864.

 

Service:

Post duty at Buffalo, W. Va., till April, 1862. Ordered to New Creek, W. Va. At Franklin till May 25. Pursuit of Jackson up the Shen­andoah Valley May 26-June 19. Mt. Carmel Road near Strasburg June 1. Strasburg and Staunton Road June 1-2. Harrisonburg June 6. Battle of Cross Keys June 8. Port Republic June 9. Moved to Strasburg June 19-22, thence to Middletown June 24, and duty there till July. Middletown July 7. At Winchester till August 2. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 2-September 22. Fords of the Rappahannock August 20-23. Freeman's Ford August 22. Sulphur Springs August 23-24. Waterloo Bridge August 25. Gainesville Au­gust 28. Groveton August 29. Bull Run August 30. In the Defences of Washington, D. C., till September 29. Moved to Mt. Pleasant, W. Va., September 29-October 9. Outpost duty at various points in District of West Virginia, till June, 1863. Skirmish, Gilmer Coun­ty, W. Va., April 24, 1863. Regiment mounted at Bridgeport June, 1863. Moved to Grafton June 17. Beverly July 2-3. Huttonsville July 4. Moved to Cumberland, Md., July 7. Hedgesville and Martinsburg July 18-19. Averill's Raid through Hardy, Pendleton, High­land, Bath, Greenbrier and Pocahontas Counties, W. Va., August 5-31. Huntersville August 22. Warm Springs August 24. Jackson Ri­ver August 25. Rocky Gap near White Sulphur Springs August 26-27. At Martinsburg till November. Averill's Raid against Lewis­burg and the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad November 1-17. Mill Point November 5. Droop Mountain November 6. Covington No­vember 9. Averill's Raid to Salem on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad December 8-25. Gatewood's December 12. Covington, Jackson River and Soott's or Barber's Creek December 19. At Martinsburg till January, 1864. Designation changed to 7th West Virginia Ca­valry January 26, 1864 (which see).

 

 

 

d. Artillery:

 

1st Regiment West Virginia Light Artillery:

s. Captain John *Jenks (Battery A), Pvt John *Lambie (Battery

 

Overview:

BATTERY "A" LIGHT ARTILLERY ("DAUM'S"):

Organized at Wheeling, W. Va., and mustered in June 28, 1861. Attached to Army of Occupation, W. Va., to September, 1861. Cheat Mountain, District West Virginia, to January, 1862. Landers' Division, Army Potomac, to March, 1862. Shields' 2nd Division. Banks' 5th Army Corps, and Dept. of the Shenandoah, to May, 1862. Shields' Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. Slough's Command, Defences of Washington, D. C., to February, 1863. Camp Barry, Defences of Washington, 22nd Army Corps, to July, 1863. Maryland Heights, 2nd Division, Dept. of West Virginia, to December, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Army of West Virginia, to April, 1864. Reserve Division, Harper's Ferry, W. Va., to October, 1864. 1st Separate Brigade, Dept. of West Virginia, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

At Elkwater till October, 1861. Operations on Cheat Mountain September 11-17. Action at Cheat Mountain September 11. Cheat Mountain Pass September 12. Point Mountain Turnpike and Elkwater September 12. Greenbrier River October 3-4. At Romney till January, 1862. Expedition to Blue's Gap January 6. Hanging Rock, Blue's Gap, January 7. At Paw Paw Tunnel till March. Advance on Winchester March 7-12. Battle of Kernstown, Winchester, March 22-23. Cedar Mountain March 25. Woodstock April 1. Edenburg April 2. Occupation of Mt. Jackson April 17. March to Fredericksburg May 12-22, and to Front Royal May 25-30. Front Royal May 30. Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till July, 1863. Ordered to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., thence to Charlestown. Expedition to near New Market November 15-18. Mt. Jackson November 16. Wells' demonstration up the Shenandoah Valley December 10-25. Duty at Harper's Ferry, Charlestown and Martinsburg till May, 1864. At Maryland Heights till October 17. Moved to Parkersburg Oc­tober 17. Duty at Parkersburg, Charlestown and in the Kanawha Valley till July, 1865. Mustered out July 27, 1865.



BATTERY "B" LIGHT ARTILLERY ("KEEPER'S"):

Organized at Ceredo October 1, 1861. Attached to Reynolds' Cheat Mountain District, W. Va., to January, 1862. Landers' Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, Shields' 2nd Division, Banks' 5th Army Corps, and Dept. of the Shenandoah to May, 1862. Shields' Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. Military District of Washington, D. C., to January, 1863. Milroy's Command, Winchester, Va., 8th Army Corps Middle Department, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 8th Army Corps, to May, 1863. 4th Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. Averill's 4th Separate Brigade, Dept. of West Virginia, to Decem­ber, 1863. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, Army of West Virginia, to April, 1864. Artillery, 1st Cavalry, Division of West Virginia, to Fe­bruary, 1865.

 

Service:

At Romney till January, 1862, and at Paw Paw Tunnel till March. Advance on Winchester, Va., March 7-12. Battle of Kernstow­n-Winchester, March 22-23. Occupation of Mount Jackson and New Market April 17. March to Fredericksburg May 12-22, and to Front Royal May 25-30. Front Royal May 30. Ordered to Camp Barry, Washington, D. C., and duty in the Defences of that city and in Railroad District, 8th Corps, Middle Department, till January, 1863. Action at Fauquier, White Sulphur Springs, Va., August 27, 1862. Duty at Winchester, Va., January to May, 1863. Ordered to Grafton, W. Va., May 10. Moved to Beverly, Buckhannon, Clarks­burg, Parkersburg and Weston, arriving at Grafton June 17. Moved to New Creek and Phillippi July 1 and to Cumberland, Md., July 7; to Fairview July 12. Averill's Raid through Hardy, Pendleton, Highland, Bath, Greenbrier and Pocahontas Counties August 5-31. Jackson River August 25. Rocky Gap, near White Sulphur Springs, August 26-27. Averill's Raid from Beverly against Lewisburg and the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad November 1-17. Mill Point, Pocahontas County, November 5. Engagement at Droop Mountain November 6. At Beverly and Martinsburg till May, 1864. Hunter's Raid to Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Piedmont, Mount Crawford, June 5. Buffalo Gap June 6. Occupation of Staunton June 6. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Catawba Mountains June 21. Leetown July 3. About Harper's Ferry July 4-7. Near Hillsborough July 15-16. Snicker's Ferry July 17-18. Ashby's Gap and Ber­ry's Ford July 19. Ashby's Gap July 23. Battle of Kernstown, Winchester, July 24. Bunker Hill and Martinsburg July 25. Duty in Dis­trict of Harper's Ferry till December. Consolidated with Battery "E," West Virginia Light Artillery, December 31, 1864.



BATTERY "C" LIGHT ARTILLERY:

Organized at Wheeling, W. Va., January 25 to March 30, 1862. Served unattached, Railroad District, Dept. of the Mountains, to May, 1862. 1st Brigade, Blenker's Division, Dept. of the Mountains, to June, 1862. Reserve Artillery, 1st Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1863. Reserve Artillery, 11th Army Corps, to May, 1863. 3rd Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1863. 4th Volunteer Brigade, Artille­ry Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Artillery Reserve, to November, 1863. 1st Volunteer Brigade, Artil­lery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864. Camp Barry, Washington, D. C., 22nd Corps, to May, 1864. 2nd Brigade, De Russy's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to July, 1864. 4th Brigade, De Russy's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to October, 1864. 3rd Briga­de, De Russy's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to December, 1864. 1st Brigade, De Russy's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Franklin, Va., till May 25, 1862. Pursuit of Jackson up the Shenandoah Valley May 25-June 14. Mount Carmel Road, near Strasburg, June 1. Strasburg June 2. Tom's Brook June 3. Mount Jackson June 6. Battle of Cross Keys June 8. Port Republic June 9. At Sperryville till August. Pope s Campaign in Northern Virginia August 8-September 2. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9 (Reser­ve). Rappahannock Station August 20-21. Freeman's Ford August 22. Sulphur Springs August 24. Waterloo Bridge August 24-25. Plains of Manassas August 27. Gainesville August 28. Groveton August 29. Bull Run August 30. Duty in the Defences of Washing­ton, D. C., till December. Reconnoissance to Leesburg and skirmish September 16-19. March to Fredericksburg, Va., December 10-16. Raid on Dumfries and Fairfax Station December 27-29. At Falmouth, Va., till April, 1863. Mud March January 20-24. Chancel­lorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 12-July 24. Battle of Get­tysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Ordered to Washington, D. C., and duty in the Defences of that city south of the Potomac till June, 1865. Repulse of Early's attack on Washington July 11-12, 1864. Mustered out June 28, 1865.



BATTERY "D" LIGHT ARTILLERY:

Organized at Wheeling, W. Va., August 20, 1862. Attached to Railroad District, District of West Virginia, Dept. of Ohio, to January, 1863. Milroy's Command, Winchester, Va., 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to February, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 3th Army Corps, June, 1863. Mulligan's Brigade, Dept. of West Virginia, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, West Virginia, to March, 1864. 2nd Infantry Division, West Virginia, to May, 1864. Ar­tillery Brigade, West Virginia, to August, 1864. Wheeling, W. Va., to September, 1864. Parkersburg, W. Va., to April, 1865. 1st Briga­de, 1st Division, West Virginia, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Parkersburg, W. Va., till January, 1863. Moved to Winchester, Va., and duty there till June. Scouts to Strasburg April 20 and April 25-29. Operations in Shenandoah Valley April 22-29. Scout to Moorefield and into Hampshire County May 4-9. Battle of Win­chester June 13-15. At Bloody Run, Pa., till July. At Wheeling, W. Va., till August 31. At New Creek till April, 1864. Operations in Hampshire and Hardy Counties against Rosser January 27-February 7, 1864. Ordered to Burlington April 3, thence to Martinsburg. Sigel's Expedition from Martinsburg to New Market April 30-May 16. Battle of New Market May 15. Advance to Staunton May 24-June 6. Piedmont June 5. Occupation of Staunton June 6. Hunter's Raid on Lynchburg June 6-July 1. Near Lynchburg June 14. Dia­mond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Liberty June 19. Buford's Gap June 20. Salem June 21. At Wheeling, W. Va., August 8 to September 13 and at Parkersburg, W. Va., to June, 1865. Mustered out June 27, 1865.



BATTERY "E" LIGHT ARTILLERY:

Organized at Buckhannon, W. Va., September 18, 1862. Attached to Railroad District, District of West Virginia, Dept. of Ohio, to Ja­nuary, 1863. Romney, W. Va., 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to March, 1863. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. Campbell's Brigade, Dept. of West Virginia, to December, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Army of West Virginia, to April. 1864. Kelly's Command, Reserve Division, West Virginia, to July, 1864. Artillery Brigade, West Virginia, July, 1864. Artillery, 1st Cavalry Division, West Virginia, to October, 1864. District of Harper's Ferry, W. Va., to January, 1865. Camp Barry and Defences of Washington, D. C., to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Ordered to Clarksburg, W. Va., thence to New Creek and Romney. Railroad guard duty at Romney, Clarksburg, New Creek, Moore­field and Petersburg till January, 1864. Action near Moorefield April 6, 1863. Near Burlington and at Purgitsville and Going's Ford April 6-7. Moved to Cumberland, Md., January 4-5, 1864, and duty in South Branch Valley till July. Action at Snicker's Ferry July 17-18. Stephenson's Depot July 20. Near Berryville July 22. Battle of Kernstown-Winchester July 23-24. Bunker Hill July 25. At Harper's Ferry and with Reserve Division till January, 1865. Action at New Creek November 28, 1864. Ordered to Washington, D. C., January, 1865, and duty at Camp Barry, Defences of Washington, till June. Mustered out June 28, 1865.



BATTERY "F" LIGHT ARTILLERY.:

Organized as Company C, 6th West Virginia Infantry. Detached as an Independent Battery April 8, 1863. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., to June, 1863. Artillery, French's Command, 5th Army Corps, to July, 1863. Camp Barry, Washington, D. C., 22nd Army Corps, to December, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. Kelly's Com­mand, Reserve Division, West Virginia, to July, 1864. Artillery Brigade, West Virginia, to September, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty at Clarksburg, Cumberland, Md., and Martinsburg, W. Va., till April, 1863. Moved from Martinsburg to New Creek April 26, 1863, and to Berryville May 31. Return to Martinsburg May 31. Action at Martinsburg June 14. Retreat to Harper's Ferry, thence guard stores to Washington, D. C., July 1-4. Duty at Camp Barry, Defences of Washington, July to December. Ordered to Clarksburg, W. Va., thence to New Creek January 30, 1864, and duty there till May 31. At Clarksburg till July, and at Maryland Heights till Sep­tember. Battle of Kernstown July 24. Transferred to Battery "A," West Virginia Light Artillery, September 14, 1864.



BATTERY "G" LIGHT ARTILLERY:

Organized May 26, 1863, from Company "G," 2nd West Virginia Infantry. Duty at Beverly, Buckhannon, Bulltown, Clarksburg, Parkersburg, Weston and Martinsburg till May, 1864. Operations against Imboden in West Virginia April 20-May 14, 1863. Scout to Beverly June 16. Engagement at Beverly July 2-3. Huttonsville July 4. Hedgesville and Martinsburg July 18-19. Averill's Raid through Hardy, Pendleton, Highland, Bath, Greenbrier and Pocahontas Counties, W. Va., August 5-31. Jackson River August 25. Rocky Gap, near White Sulphur Springs, August 26-27. Averill's Raid against Lewisburg and the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad No­vember 1-17. Droop Mountain November 6. Averill's Salem Raid December 8-25. Salem December 16. Scott's or Barber's Creek and Jackson River, near Covington, December 19. Operations in Hampshire and Hardy Counties against Rosser January 27-February 7, 1864. Springfield February 2. Sigel's Expedition from Martinsburg to New Market April 30-May 16. New Market May 15. Advance to Staunton May 17-June 6. Piedmont June 5. Occupation of Staunton June 6. Ordered to Wheeling, W. Va., via Cheat Mountain, Be­verly and Weston. Mustered out June 22, 1864.



BATTERY "H" LIGHT ARTILLERY:

Organized at Maryland Heights, Md., January 4, 1864. Attached to 1st Division, Army of West Virginia, to April, 1864. Kelly's Com­mand, Reserve Division, West Virginia, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Garrison and guard duty at Harper's Ferry, New Creek, Cumberland, Md., Moorefield, W. Va., and at various points on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad west of Sleepy Hollow till July, 1865. Action at New Creek August 4, 1864. Affair at Moorefield November 27-28, 1864. Mustered out July 11, 1865.

 

 

 

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