Version 17.3.2017

 

Vermont:

 

1. allgemeines:

 

The percentage of killed in the quota furnished by Vermont is far above the average, and is exceeded by only one other state. Its large percentage is easily understood by a glance at the battle losses of its regiments. The "Old" Vermont Brigade, comprised of the of the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th Volunteer Infantry, along with the 1st Heavy Artillery, lost more men killed in action than any other briga­de in the US Army.

 

The Second Vermont Brigade was comprised of the 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, and 16th Infantry, was enlisted for nine months and was present at Gettysburg, where three of the regiments, under the command of General George J. Stannard, took a conspicuous part in the repulse of Pickett's charge (3. Tag d. Schlacht von Gettysburg).

 

The 1st Infantry was a 3-months regiment. It was organized at Rutland, Vermont May 9, 1861, and fought at the Battle of Big Bethel, VA. The other regiments enlisted for 3 years, and the 1st Cavalry, the 2nd Battery, and the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, and 9th In­fantry reenlisted, and served throughout the war.

 

Literatur:

- Internet Datei, Archiv 9, Truppenteile Stichwort Vermont

 

- Ripley, William: "Vermont Riflemen in the War, " by William Ripley. Originally published in 1883, this book may prove hard to lo­cate.

 

- Peck, Theodore S.: "Revised Roster of Vermont Volunteers and Lists of Vermonters Who Served in the Army and Navy of the Uni­ted States During the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, " compiled by Theodore S. Peck. Published in 1892 by the Watchman Publis­hing Company, Montpellier, Vermont? this book may he hard to locate.

 

- Benedict, George Grenville: "Vermont in the Civil War: A History of the Part Taken by the Vermont Soldiers and Sailors in the War for the Union, " by George Grenville Benedict, 2 volume set, originally published in 1886, by the Free Press Association, Burlington, Vermont. With photos, and index

 

 

 

2. Vermont im Bürgerkrieg:

- Coffin, Howard: "Full Duty: Vermonters in the Civil War", by Howard Coffin. (The author grow up in Woodstock, Vermont, where he worked as a reporter for the Rutland Herald and as a correspondent for The Christian Science Monitor. He served in public in­formation positions at Dartmouth College and the University of Vermont. He also was the Press Secretary for U.S. Senator James Jef­fords. Serving in the 2nd Armored Division during the Vietnam War, he is an active member of the Association for the Preservation of Civil War Sites and the National Civil War Sites Advisory Commission. Published by The Countryman Press, Inc., Woodstock, Vermont, 1993, in 372 pages this book relates the story of Vermont's involvement in the war from the initial call to arms to the return of the troops after the end of hostilities. Includes info on all Vermont regiments and the engagements they were in.

 

 

 

 

3. Brigaden - Übersicht:

 

1. Vermont: Brigade (The "Old" Vermont Brigade):

2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th Volunteer Infantry,

1st Heavy Artillery

 

Literatur:

- Parsons, George W.: "Put the Vermonters Ahead. The First Vermont Brigade in the Civil War," by George W. Parsons , 236 pages, cost of $ 25.00, from White Mane Publishing, P.O. Box 152, Shippensburg, PA, 17257. (Buchkritik S. Archiv 9, Truppenteile Stich­wort Vermont)

 

 

4. Vermont Brigade:

12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, and 16th Infantry

 

"Put the Vermonters Ahead," by George W. Parsons, the story of the 1st Vermont Brigade, recounts the history of this brigade which served throughout the Civil War and suffered the greatest loss of life, though never driven from the field, of any Union brigade. "By the end of the Civil War, the First Vermont Brigade had established a reputation as one of the finer units in the Army of the Potomac. It fought bravely and well, covering the retreat to the James River in 1862 (7 Days Battles), and was in the thick of the fighting at Sa­lem Church, the Wilderness and Spotsylvania, helped Sheridan conquer the Shenandoah Valley, and witnessed Lee's surrender at Ap­pomattox.

 

Literatur:

- Coffin, Howard: Nine Months to Gettysburg. Stannard's Vermonters and the Repulse of Pickett's Charge (The Countryman Press: Woodstock/ Vermont, 1997)

 

 

5. Regimenter und Truppenteile:

 

a. Infantry:

 

1st Regiment Vermont Infantry (3 months, 1861):

s. Col Charles H. *Tompkins

 

Overview:

Organized at Rutland and mustered in for three months May 9, 1861. Left State for Fortress Monroe, Va. May 9, arriving there May 13. Camp at Hygea Hotel till May 25. Demonstration on Hampton May 20. Reconnoissance to Hampton May 23. Occupation of New­port News May 27, and duty there till August. Advance on Big Bethel June 9. Battle of Big Bethel June 10. Moved to Brattlebo­ro, Vt., August 4-7 and mustered out August 15, 1861.


Losses 2 Enlisted men killed and 6 Enlisted men died of disease. Total 8.

 

Medal of Honor: Col Charles H. Tompkins

 

 

2nd Regiment Vermont Infantry:

s. Col Henry *Whiting; 2nd Lieutenant George S. Adams; Quartermaster Sergeant Wilbur Fisk (Co. E)

 

Overview:

Organized at Burlington and mustered in June 20, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., June 24. Attached to Howard's Brigade, Heintzelman's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. W. F. Smith's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October. 1861. Brook's Brigade, Smith's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division. 4th Army Corps. Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21, 1861. Battle of Bull Run, Va., July 21. Scout to Great Falls August 20-25. Skirmish near Le­winsville September 11 (Cos. "A" and "F."). Reconnoissance to Lewinsville September 25 (Cos. "A" and "F"). Expedition to Mun­son's Hill September 28. Reconnoissance to Vienna October 17. Reconnoissance to Peacock Hill November 9. Duty in the Defences of Washington till March, 1862. Moved to Alexandria March 10, thence to the Virginia Peninsula March 23-24. Young's Mill April 4. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Lee's Mills April 16. Reconnoissance to Warwick River April 30. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Garnett's Farm June 27. Savage Station June 29. White Oak Swamp Bridge June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till August 16. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Alexandria August 16-24. Mary­land Campaign September-October. Crampton's Pass, Md., September 14. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. At Hagerstown September 26-October 29. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Burnside's Second Campaign, "Mud March," January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Fran­klin's Crossing April 29-May 2. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4. Franklin's Crossing June 5-13. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-4. Funkstown, Md., July 10-13. Ordered to New York City August 14. Duty the­re and at Poughkeepsie, N. Y., till September 13. Moved to Alexandria, thence to Fairfax Court House, Va., September 13-17, and to Culpeper Court House September 22. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June, 1864. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania Court House May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Sali­ent at Spottsylvania May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 18-19. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-28. Moved to Washington, D. C., July 9-11. Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens July 11-12. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Charlestown August 21-22. Gilbert's Ford, Opequan River, September 18. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Batt­le of Cedar Creek October 19. At Strasburg till November 9 and at Kernstown till December 9. Moved to Petersburg December 9-12. Siege of Petersburg December 12, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Dabney's Mills February 5-7, 1865. Fort Fisher, before Petersburg, March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. At Farmville and Burkesville Junction till April 23. March to Danville April 23-27, and duty there till May 18. At Manchester till May 24. March to Washington May 24-June 3. Corps Review June 8. Non-veterans mustered out June 29, 1864. Regiment mustered out July 15, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 218 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 175 Enlisted men by disease. Total 399.

 

Aufgestellt am 2.6.1861; bestehend aus 10 Companies aus Bennington, Brattleboro, Burlington, Castleton, Fletcher, Ludlow, Turn­bridge, Montpelier, Vergennes und Waterbury (Fisk, a.a.O., S. 367 Anm. 3); Col. Henry *Whiting

 

Einsatz:

1st Bull Run, *Camp Griffin / VA (mehrere Monate 1861/62); Peninsula Campaign ab März 1862 - Fort Monroe; Big Bethel (27.3.1862; Fisk, S. 16); starke Verluste: im März 1863 nur noch 25% der ursprünglichen Soldaten vorhanden (Fisk, a.a.O., S. 53)

 

Beurteilung:

"This distinguished regiment is included as one of William F. Fox's (circa 1889) top 300 Union Fighting Regiments."

 

Literatur:

Fisk, Wilbur (2nd Vermont Infantry): Hard Marching every Day: The Civil War Letters of Privat Wilbur Fisk (Univ Kansas Press, 1983, 1992)

 

 

3rd Regiment Vermont Infantry:

"This distinguished regiment is included as one of William F. Fox's (circa 1889) top 300 Union Fighting Regiments."

 

Overview:

3nd Regiment Volunteer Infantry Regiment: Organized at St. Johnsbury and mustered in July 16, 1861. Moved to Washington, D.C., July 24-26, 1861. Attached to W. F. Smith's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861, 1861. Brook's Brigade, Smith's Divi­sion, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Georgetown Heights and at Camp Griffin, defences of Washington, till March 10, l862. Skirmish at Lewinsville September 11, 1861. Reconnaissance to Lewinsville September 25, 1861. Moved to Alexandria March 10, 1862, thence to Fortress Monroe, Va., March 23-24, 1862. Action at Young's Mill April 4, 1862. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4, 1862. Lee's Mills April 16, 1862. Battle of Williamsburg May 5, 1862. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1, 1862. Garnett's Farm June 27, 1862. Savage Station June 29, 1862. White Oak Swamp Bridge June 30, 1862. Malvern Hill July 1, 1862. At Harrison's Landing till August 16, 1862. Moved to Fortress Monroe, thence to Alexandria August 16-24, 1862. Maryland Campaign September-October 1862. Crampton's Pass Septem­ber 14, 1862. Battle of Antietam September 16-17, 1862. At Hagerstown, Md., September 26 to October 29, 1862. Movement to Fal­mouth, Va., October 29-November 19, 1862. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15, 1862. Burnside's Second Campaign, "Mud March," January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6, 1863. Operations at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2, 1863. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3, 1863. Salem Heights May 3-4, 1863. Banks' Ford May 4, 1863. Franklin's Crossing June 5- 13, 1863. Battle of Gettysburg. Pa., July 2-4, 1863. Funkstown, Md., July 10- 13, 1863. Ordered to New York City August 14, 1863, and duty there till September 13, 1863. Moved to Alexandria, thence to Fairfax Court House September 13-17, 1863, and to Culpeper Court House September 22, 1863. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22, 1863. Advance to the Rappahannock November 7-8, 1863. Rappahannock Station November 7, 1863. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2, 1863. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June, 1864. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7, 1864; Spottsylvania May 8- 12, 1864; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21, 1864. Assault on the Salient, Spottsylvania Court House, May 12, 1864. North Anna River May 23-26, 1864. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28, 1864. Totopotomoy May 28-31, 1864. Cold Harbor June 1-12, 1864. Before Petersburg June 18-l9, 1864. Je­rusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864. Siege of Petersburg till July 9, 1864. Moved to Washington, D.C., July 9-11, 1864. Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens July 11-12, 1864. Nonveterans mustered out July 27, 1864. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-No­vember 28, 1864. Near Charlestown August 21-22, 1864. Opequan Creek September 1, 1864. Gilbert's Ford, Opequan Creek, Sep­tember 13, 1864. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September l9, 1864. Fisher's Hill September 22, 1864. Battle of Cedar Creek Octo­ber 19, 1864. At Strasburg to November 9, 1864 and at Kernstown till December 9, 1864. Moved to Petersburg, Va., De­cember 9-12, 1864. Siege of Petersburg December 13, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Fort Fisher, before Petersburg, March 25, 1865. Appo­mattox Cam­paign March 28-April 9, 1865. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2, 1865. Sailor's Creek April 6, 1865. Appomattox Court Hou­se April 9, 1865. Surrender of Lee and his anny. At Farmville and Burkesville Junction till April 23, 1865. March to Dan­ville April 23-27, 1865, and duty there till May 18, 1865. Moved to Manchester May 18, 1865, thence marched to Washington, D.C., May 24-June 2, 1865. Corps Review June 8, 1865. Mustered out July 11, 1865.

 

Verluste:

Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 201 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 164 Enlisted men by disease. Total 371.

 

Literatur:

- 3nd Vermont, "Buck's Book, a View of": by Buck Erastus. Edited by John E. Balzer. 84 pages

 

 

4th Regiment Vermont Infantry:

s. Captain Joseph P. *Aikens, 1stLt Curtis *Abbott;: Pvt John *Conline (Co. E)

 

"This distinguished regiment is included as one of William F. Fox's (circa 1889) top 300 Union Fighting Regiments."

 

Overview:

Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in September 21, 1861. Moved to Washington, D. C., September 21-23. Attached to Brook's Brigade, Smith's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Di­vision, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Camp Griffin Defences of Washington till March 10, 1862. Reconnoissance to Vienna, Va., October 19, 1861. Moved to Alexandria March 10, 1862, thence to Fortress Monroe March 23-24. Reconnoissance to Big Bethel March 27-28. Reconnoissance to Warwick March 30. Young's Mills April 4. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Lee's Mills April 16. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Garnett's Farm June 27. Savage Station June 29. White Oak Swamp Bridge June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till August 16. Moved to Fortress Monroe, thence to Alexandria August 16-24. Mary­land Campaign September-October. Crampton's Gap, Md., September 14. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. At Hagerstown, Md., September 26-October 29. Movement to Falmouth October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. Burnside's Second Campaign, "Mud March," January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Franklin's Cros­sing April 29-May 2. Maryes Heights,Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4. Franklin's Crossing June 5-13. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-4. Funkstown July 10-13. Detached for duty at New York August 14-September 16. Moved to Alexandria, thence to Fairfax Court House, Va., and to Culpeper Court House September 16-23. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Ad­vance to the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June, 1864. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 3-12;Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, Spottsylvania May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 18-19. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Siege of Petersburg till July 9. Moved to Washington, D. C., July 9-11. Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens July 11-12. Sheridan's Shen­andoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Near Charlestown August 21-22. Gilbert's Ford, Opequan River, September 13. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Non-veterans mustered out September 30, 1864. Duty at Strasburg till November 9 and at Kernstown till December 9. Moved to Petersburg, Va., December 9-12. Siege of Petersburg December 13, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Fort Fisher, before Petersburg, March 25, 1865. Appomattox Cam­paign March 23-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surren­der of Lee and his army. At Farmville and Burkesville Junction till April 23. March to Danville April 23-27, and duty there till May 15. Moved to Manchester May 18, thence march to Washington May 24-June 3. Corps Review June 8. Mustered out July 13, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 12 Officers and 150 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 279 Enlisted men by disease. Total 442.

 

Literatur:

- Conline, John: „Recollections of the Battle of Antietam and the Maryland Campaign.“ War Papers Read Before the Michigan Com­mandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Vol II. From December 7, 1893 to May 5, 1898 (James H. Stone Co., Printers: Detroit, 1898)

 

 

5th Vermont Infantry Regiment:

s. Col Lewis A. *Grant

 

"This distinguished regiment is included as one of William F. Fox's (circa 1889) top 300 Union Fighting Regiments."

 

Overview:

Organized at St. Albans and mustered in September 16, 1861. Moved to Washington, D. C., September 23-25. Attached to Brook's Brigade, Smith's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Di­vision, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

At Camp Griffin Defences of Washington till March 10, 1862. Moved to Alexandria March 10, thence to Fortress Monroe March 23-24. Reconnoissance to Warwick River March 30. Young's Mills April 4. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Lee's Mills April 16. Batt­le of Williamsburg May 5. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Garnett's Farm June 27.Savage Station June 29. White Oak Swamp Bridge June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till August 16. Moved to Fortress Monroe, thence to Alexandria August 16-24. Maryland Campaign September-October. Crampton's PassSeptember 14. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. At Ha­gerstown, Md., September 26-October 29. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg Decem­ber 12-15. Burnside's Second Campaign, "Mud March," January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operati­ons at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4. Franklin's Crossing June 5-13. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-4. Funkstown, Md., July 10-13. Detached from Army for duty at New York City and Kingston, N. Y., August 14-September 16. Rejoined army at Culpeper Court House, Va., September 23. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June, 1864. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 6-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, Spottsylvania Court House, May 12.North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Pe­tersburg June 18-19. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Siege of Petersburg till July 9. Moved to Washington, D. C., July 9-11. Re­pulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens July 11-12. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Near Charle­stown August 21-22. Gilbert's Ford, Opequan Creek, September 13. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill Sep­tember 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. At Strasburg till November 9 and at Kernstown till December 9. Moved to Petersburg, Va., December 9-12. Siege of Petersburg December 13, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Fort Fisher, before Petersburg, March 25, 1865. Ap­pomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. At Farmville and Burkesville Station till April 23. March to Danville April 23-27, and duty there till May 18. Moved to Manchester, thence march to Washington, D. C., May 24-June 8. Corps Review June 8. Mustered out non-veterans October 14, 1864. Regiment June 29, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 11 Officers and 202 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 124 Enlisted men by disease. Total 338.

 

Medal of Honor: Col Lewis A. Grant

 

vgl. Hill, Daniel H. (CS-MajGen): "McClellan's Change of Base and Malvern Hill," in: Battles & Leaders II, S. 393 zum Battle of White Oak Swamp Bridge vom 30.6.1862: „We bivouacked that night near Savage's Station, (Anm.: on the Richmond and York Ri­ver Railroad) whe­re McLaws's division had had a severe fight a few hours before. Just at dawn on Monday, the 30th, we were in mo­tion' when I disco­vered what appeared to be a line of battle drawn up at the station, but which proved to be a line of sick and of hos­pital attendants, 2500 in number. About half a mile from the station we saw what seemed to be an entire regiment of Federals cold in death, and lear­ned that a Vermont regiment [the 5th] had been in the desperate charge upon the division of McLaws, and had suffered great loss [kil­led, 31; wounded, 143]. From the time of crossing the river, we had evidence everywhere of the precipitate nature of the Federal re­treat“.

 

 

6th Regiment Vermont Infantry:

s. Corporal Albert *Batchelder (Co. B)

 

"This distinguished regiment is included as one of William F. Fox's (circa 1889) top 300 Union Fighting Regiments."

 

Overview:

Organized at Montpelier and mustered in October 15, 1861. Moved to Washington, D. C., October 19-22. Attached to Brook's Brigad­e, Smith's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Di­vision, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty in the Defences of Washington till March 10, 1862. Moved to Alexandria March 10, thence to Fortress Monroe, March 23-24. Reconnoissance to Warwick River March 30. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Lee's Mills April 16. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Garnett's Farm June 27. Savage Station June 29. White Oak Swamp Bridge June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till August 16. Moved to Fortress Monroe, thence to Alexandria August 16-24. Mary­land Campaign September-October. Crampton's Pass, Md., September 14. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. At Hagerstown, Md., till October 29. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. Burnside's Second Campaign, "Mud March," January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2. Maryes Heights,Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4. Franklin's Crossing June 5-13. Batt­le of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-4. Funkstown, Md., July 10-13. Detached for duty in New York August 14-September 16. Rejoined Army at Culpeper Court House September 23. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8.Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June, 1864. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, Spottsylvania Court House, May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28.Totopotomoy May 23-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 13-19. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Siege of Petersburg till July 9. Moved to Washington, D. C., July 9-11. Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens July 11-12. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign Au­gust 7-November 28. Near Charlestown August 21-22. Gilbert's Ford, Opequan Creek, September 13. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. At Strasburg till November 9, and at Kernstown till De­cember 9. Moved to Petersburg December 9-12. Siege of Petersburg December 13, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Fort Fisher, before Peters­burg, March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. At Farmville and Burkesville Station till April 23. March to Danville April 23-27, and duty there till May 13. Moved to Manchester, thence march to Washington, D. C., May 24-June 3. Corps Review June 3. Mustered out June 26, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 12 Officers and 191 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 212 Enlisted men by disease. Total 418.

 

 

7th Regiment Vermont Infantry:

s. Pvt Andrew Cowan (Co. E)

 

Overview:

Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in February 12, 1862, to date from June 1, 1861. Left State for New York March 10, 1862. Embarked March 14 for Ship Island, Miss., right wing on Steamer "Premier," and left wing on Steamer "Tamerlaine," arriving at Ship Island April 7 and 10. Attached to Phelps' 1st Brigade, Dept. of the Gulf, to October, 1862. District of West Florida to December, 1863. Defences of New Orleans, Dept. of the Gulf, to November, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Reserve Division, Dept. of the Gulf, to Februa­ry, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 13th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to June, 1865. Dept. of Texas to March, 1866.

 

Service:

Duty at Ship Island, Miss., till May 13, 1862. (Cos. "B," "C" and "D" detached at Fort Pike May 5 to June 13.) Regiment moved to New Orleans, La., May 13-16. At Carrollton till June 15. Moved to Baton Rouge June 15-16. Expedition from Baton Rouge to Vicks­burg, Miss., and operations against Vicksburg June 20-July 26. Hamilton's Plantation, near Grand Gulf, June 24. Battle of Baton Rouge August 5. Evacuation of Baton Rouge August 20. Duty at Carrollton till October 13. Ordered to Pensacola, Fla., October 13, and garrison duty there till February 20, 1863. Reconnoissance to Oakfield December 29, 1862. Garrison, Forts Barrancas and Pi­ckens, till June 19, 1863. Expedition to Oakfield February 17, 1863. Duty at Barrancas and at Santa Rosa Island till August, 1864. Near Point Washington February 9, 1864 (Co. "B"). Expedition from Barrancas toward Pollard, Ala., July 21-25, 1864. Gonzales Sta­tion July 22. Old members mustered out August 10, 1864. Veterans absent on furlough August 10 to September 27. Left State for Dept. of the Gulf September 30. Sailed from New York to New Orleans, La., October 4, arriving October 13. Duty at New Orleans till February 19, 1865. Moved to Mobile Point, Ala., February 19. Campaign against Mobile and its Defences March 17-April 12. Siege of Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely March 26-April 8. Fort Blakely April 9. Occupation of Mobile April 12. Action at Whistler's Station April 13. Expedition to McIntosh Bluff on Tombigbee River April 19-May 9. At Mobile till June 2. Moved to Brazos Santia­go, Texas, June 2-5; thence to Clarksville June 14, and duty there till August 2, and at Brownsville till March, 1866. Mustered out March 14, 1866.


Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 10 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 403 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 420.

 

Eingesetzt bei Farragut's Versuch vom Juni/Juli 1862, Vicksburg zu erobern oder durch einen Kanal zu umgehen (vgl. Bastian, Grant's Canal, S. 69 Anm. 29).

 

Literatur:

Holbrook, William C.: A Narrative of the Services of the Officers and Enlisted Men of the Seventh Regiment of Vermont Volunteers (Veterans) from 1862 to 1866 (New York: American Bank Note Co., 1882).

 

 

8th Regiment Vermont Infantry:

s. Col Stephen *Thomas; Pvt Lewis J. Ingalls (Co K)

 

Medal of Honor: Pvt Lewis J. Ingalls (Co K) und Col Stephen Thomas

 

This unit saw service at Port Hudson, Opequon, and Cedar Creek to name a few. This XIX Corps unit saw service in Louisiana and in Sheridan's 1864 Shenandoah Campaign

 

Overview:

Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in February 18, 1862. Left State for New York March 14. Sailed for Ship Island, Miss., March 19, arriving April 6. Attached to Phelps' 1st Brigade, Dept. of the Gulf, to October, 1862. Weitzel's Reserve Brigade, Dept. of the Gulf, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, to February, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, to July, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to March, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Army of the Shenandoah, to April, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Provisional Division, Army of the Shenandoah, to April, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Defences of Washington, 22nd Corps, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Moved from Ship Island to New Orleans May 7-8, 1862. Duty there and at Algiers and guarding Opelousas Railroad till September. Bayou des Allemands June 20 and 22. Raceland Station June 22. St. Charles Station August 29 (Cos. "A" and "C"). Bote Station Sep­tember 4 (Co. "K"). Operations in LaFourche District October 24-November 6. Georgia Landing, near Labadieville, October 27. Re­pair railroad to Brashear City November 1-December 8. At Brashear City till January 13, 1863. Action with Steamer "Cotten" on Bayou Teche January 14. At Camp Stevens, Bayou Boeuf, and at Brashear City till March. Operations on Bayou Plaquemine, Black and Atchafalaya Rivers February 12-28. Operations against Port Hudson March 7-27. Operations in Western Louisiana April 9-May 14. Teche Campaign April 11-20. Fort Bisland, near Centreville, April 12-13. Jeanerette April 14. Expedition to Alexandria on Red River May 5-17. Moved from Alexandria to Port Hudson May 17-25. Siege of Port Hudson May 25-July 9. Assaults on Port Hudson May 27 and June 14. Surrender of Port Hudson July 9. Duty at Thibodeaux July 31-September 1. Sabine Pass Expedition September 3-11. Western Louisiana ("Teche") Campaign October 3-November 30. At New Iberia till January 6, 1864. March to Franklin and duty there till March 8. Moved to Algiers March 8. Veteranize January 28, 1864, and on furlough April 7 to June 3. Non-Veterans at Algiers till May 6, and at Thibodeaux till June 5. Left for home June 5, and mustered out June 22, 1864. Veterans moved from home to Dept. of the Gulf May 25-June 3. Moved to Alexandria June 8-11. Expedition to Tunica Bend June 19-21. Moved to Algiers July 2, thence sailed to Fortress Monroe, Va., July 5-12, and to Washington, D. C., July 12-13. Pursuit of Early to Snicker's Gap July 14-21. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 23. Battle ofOpequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. At Newtown till December 20, and at Summit Point till April 4, 1865. Han­cock's operations in the Valley April 4-15. Moved to Washington April 21, and duty there till June. Grand Review May 23-24. Mustered out June 28. 1865.


Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 115 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 7 Officers and 241 Enlisted men by disease. Total 367.

 

Literatur:

- Carpenter, George M.: History of the Eighth Regiment Vermont Volunteers, 1861-1865 (Boston, 1886); 322 pp; Rosters; Maps

 

 

9th Regiment Vermont Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in July 9, 1862. Moved to Washington, D. C., July 15-17. Attached to Piatt's Brigade, Win­chester, Va., to September, 1862. Miles' Command, Harper's Ferry, W. Va., September, 1862. Camp Douglas, Ill., to April, 1863. War­drop's Reserve Brigade, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to June, 1863. Wistar's Independent Brigade, 7th Army Corps, to July, 1863. Yorktown, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to October, 1863. District of Beaufort, N. C., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to July, 1864. Defences of New Berne, N. C., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to September, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 13th Army Corps, Army of the James, to December, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 24th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to July, 1865. 2nd Independent Brigade, 24th Army Corps, to August, 1865. Dept. of Virginia to December, 1865.

 

Service:

Moved from Washington, D. C., to Cloud's Mills, Va., July 19, 1862; thence to Winchester, Va., July 23, and duty there till September 2. Retreat to Harper's Ferry, W.Va., September 2. Defence of Harper's Ferry September 13-15. Bolivar Heights September 14. Surren­dered, September 15. Paroled September 16, and sent to Annapolis, Md.; thence to Chicago, Ill., September 25. Guard Rebel priso­ners at Camp Douglas, Chicago, Ill., till March 28, 1863. Declared exchanged January 10, 1863. Guard Rebel prisoners to City Point, Va., March 28-April 7. Moved to Fortress Monroe April 7-9, thence to Suffolk, Va., April 12. Siege of Suffolk April 13-May 4. Eden­ton Road April 24. Siege of Suffolk raised May 4. Duty at Suffolk till June 17. Operations on Norfolk & Petersburg Railroad May 15-18. Antioch Church and Barber's Cross Roads May 23. Moved to Yorkown June 17, thence to West Point June 25, and outpost duty there till July 7. Duty at Yorktown till October 23. Expedition to Gloucester Court House July 25. Ordered to New Berne, N. C., Oc­tober 23, and reached Morehead City October 26. Duty at Newport Barracks till July, 1864. Cedar Point December 1, 1863. Destruc­tion of salt works on Bear Inlet, N. C., December 25 (Detachment). Expedition to Onslow County January 27, 1864. Newport Bar­racks February 2. Bogue Sound Blockhouse February 2 (Cos. "B" and "H"). Gale's Creek, near New Berne, February 2 (Detachment). Ordered to New Berne, N. C., July 11, and duty there till September 17; "A" at Evans Mills, "B" and "C" near Fort Spinola, "D" and "G" at Red House, "E" and "I" at Rocky Run, "F" at Fort Spinola, "H" at Buckwood and "K" on the Trent. Moved to Bermuda Hundred September 13-15. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond September 15, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Duty at Bailey's Cross Roads September 20-26, 1864. (A Detachment in Fort Dutton, Bermuda Hundred front, September 27 to No­vember 28, 1864.) Battle of Chaffin's Farm and Fort Harrison September 28-30. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28. Detached for duty at New York City November 2-17 during presidential election of 1864. Duty in trenches before Richmond till April, 1865. Occu­pation of Richmond April 3. Provost duty there till August. Non-Veterans mustered out June 13, 1865. Regiment consolidated to a Battalion of four Companies, and provost duty at Norfolk, Drummondsville and Portsmouth till December. Mustered out December 1, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 22 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 278 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 305.

 

Lt. Aldace Freeman *Walker, Co. B., 11th Vermont Infantry Regiment, schreibt in einen Brief an seinen Vater vom 16.9.1862: „... The 9th is under Gen. White in trouble at Harper's Ferry ...“ (vgl. Ledoux: „Quite ready to be sent somewhere“. The Civil War Let­ters of Aldace Freeman Walker, a.a.O., S. 25).

 

Literatur:

- Ripley, Edward H.: „Memories of the Ninth Vermont at the Tragedy of Harper's Ferry, Sept. 15, 1862“, Personal Recollections of the War of the Rebellion (New York 1912)

 

 

10th Regiment Vermont Infantry:

s. Captain Lemuel A. *Abbott; Chaplain Edwin M. *Haynes

 

"This distinguished regiment is included as one of William F. Fox's (circa 1889) top 300 Union Fighting Regiments."

 

Overview:

Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in September 1, 1862. Moved to Washington, D. C., September 6-8. Attached to Grover's Bri­gade, Military District of Washington, to February, 1863. Jewett's Brigade, Provisional Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Wa­shington, to June, 1863. French's Command, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to July, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Camp at Arlington Heights till September 14, 1862. March to Seneca Locks, Md., September 14-17, and guard duty along the Poto­mac from Edward's Ferry to Muddy Branch till October 11 and at Seneca Creek till November 13. At Offutt's Cross Roads till December 21. Moved to Poolesville December 21, and duty at White's Ford (Cos. "C," "E," "H" and "I"); at mouth of the Monocacy (Cos. "A," "F" and "D"); at Conrad's Ferry (Cos. "B," "G" and "K") till April 19, 1863. At Poolesville, Md., to June 24. Moved to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., June 24-26, thence to Frederick, Md., June 30, and to Monocacy July 2. Pursuit of Lee July 6-23. Wapping Heights July 23. At Routt's Hill August 1-September 15. At Culpeper till October 8. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Auburn and Bristoe October 14. Advance to the Rappahannock November 7-8. Kelly's Ford November 7. Brandy Station No­vember 8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Payne's Farm November 27. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1861. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spotsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, Spottsylvania Court House, May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Pamunkey River May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 18-19. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Siege of Petersburg till July 6. Moved to Baltimore, Md., July 6-8. Battle of Monocacy July 9. Expedition to Snicker's Gap July 14-24. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 6-November 28. Gilbert's Ford, Opequan, September 13. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Camp Russell Novem­ber 10. Duty at Kernstown till December. Moved to Washington, D. C., thence to Petersburg, Va., December 3-6. Siege of Petersburg December 13, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Fort Fisher, before Petersburg, March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and capture of Petersburg April 2. Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Danville April 23-27 and duty there till May 16. Moved to Richmond, thence march to Washington May 24-June 3. Corps Review June 8. Mustered out June 22, 1865, recruits to 5th Vermont.


Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 140 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 203 Enlisted men by disease. Total 352.

 

Literatur:

- Haynes, Edwin M. (Chaplain, 10th Vermont): A History of the Tenth Vermont Volunteers with Biographical Sketches of the Officers who fell in Battle (1894, 1st Edition); 249 pp, Complete Rosters and Index; Details of unit actions in Virginia (PDF-Datei Archiv Ref ameridownload Vermont10thInfantry)

 

 

11th Vermont Infantry Regiment:

This regiment was changed to the Ist Heavy Artillery, leaving that number in the line vacant.

 

 

12th Regiment Vermont Infantry:

s. Lt George G. *Benedict; 2nd Lt Daniel *Hall

 

Overview:

Organized at Brattleboro October 4, 1862, for nine months. Moved to Washington, D. C., October 7-10, 1862. Attached to 2nd Briga­de, Abercrombie's Division, Military District of Washington, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Casey's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to April, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Abercrombie's Division, 22nd Corps, to July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Ar­my of the Potomac, to muster out.

 

Service:

Camp on East Capital Hill, Washington, to October 30, 1862. Moved to Munson's Hill October 30, thence to Hunting Creek October 31. At Camp Vermont, near Hunting Creek, till December 12. Picket duty near Fairfax Court House December 12, 1862, to January 20, 1863. Defence of Fairfax Court House from attack by Stuart's Cavalry December 29, 1862. Duty at Wolf Run Shoals January 20 to May 1. Guard railroad at Warrenton Junction till May 7 and at Rappahannock Station till May 18. At Bristoe and Catlett's till June 1. At Union Mills till June 25. March to Gettysburg, Pa., June 25-July 1. Detached at Westminster as train guard till July 4. Guard pri­soners to Baltimore July 4-6. Moved to Brattleboro July 6-9, and there mustered out July 14, 1863.

 

Lost by disease 2 Officers and 65 Enlisted men. Total 67.

 

Literatur:

- Benedict, George G.: “Army Life in Virginia, Letters from the Twelfth Regiment Vermont Volunteers," (Burlington / Vermont: Free Press Association, 1895). Originally published in 1895 by the Free Press Association, Burlington' Vermont, this book may prove hard to locate.

 

 

13th Regiment Vermont Infantry:

s. Captain John *Lonergan; Captain Merritt C. *Williams (Co. G)

 

Overview:

Organized at Brattleboro October 4, 1862, for nine months. Moved to Washington, D. C., October 7-10, 1862. Attached to 2nd Briga­de, Abercrombie's Division, Military District of Washington, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Casey's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to April, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Abercrombie's Division, 22nd Corps, to July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to muster out.

 

Service:

Camp on East Capital Hill, Washington, to October 30, 1862. Moved to Munson's Hill October 30, thence to Hunting Creek October 31. At Camp Vermont, near Hunting Creek, till December 12. Picket duty near Fairfax Court House December 12, 1862, to January 20, 1863. Defence of Fairfax Court House from attack by Stuart's Cavalry December 29, 1862. Duty at Wolf Run Shoals January 20 to May 1. Guard railroad at Warrenton Junction till May 7 and at Rappahannock Station till May 18. At Bristoe and Catlett's till June 1. At Union Mills till June 25. March to Gettysburg, Pa., June 25-July 1. Detached at Westminster as train guard till July 4. Guard pri­soners to Baltimore July 4-6. Moved to Brattleboro July 6-9, and there mustered out July 14, 1863.


Lost by disease 2 Officers and 65 Enlisted men. Total 67.

 

Medal of Honor: Captain John Lonergan

 

Nine-Month-Regiment; in Stannard's 2nd Vermont Brigade beteiligt an der Abwehr von Pickett's Charge

 

Literatur:

- Coffin, Howard: Nine Month to Gettysburg. Stannard's Vermonters and the Repulse of Pickett's Charge

- Palmer, Edwin: "The Second Brigade, or Camp Life by a Volunteer, (13th Vermont Regiment)" by Edwin Palmer. Originally publis­hed in 1864, Montpelier, Vermont, 224 pages

- Sturtevant, Ralph Orson: Pictorial History: The Thirteenth Vermont Volunteers 1861-65. Compiled by Eli N. Neck, secretary of the Thirteenth Vermont Regiment Association. Burlington / Vt., 1911

- Sturtevant, Ralph Orson: Pictorial History 13th Regiment Vermont Volunteers War of 1861-1865, Vt. 1911 (PDF-Datei in Archiv Ref, Dokumente ameridownload)

 

 

14th Regiment Vermont Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Brattleboro October 21, 1862, for nine months. Moved to Washington, D. C., October 22-25. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Abercrombie's Division, Military District of Washington, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Casey's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to April, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Abercrombie's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Ar­my of the Potomac, to muster out.

 

Service:

At Camp Chase, Arlington, Va., October 25-28 and at East Capital Hill to October 30. Much to Munson's Hill October 30 and to Hunting Creek November 5. At Camp Vermont, near Hunting Creek, November 5-26. Picket duty near Occoquan Creek November 26-December 5. At Camp Vermont till December 12. Duty near Fairfax Court House till January 20, 1863. Defence of Fairfax Court House from attack by Stuart's Cavalry December 29, 1862. At Fairfax Station January 20-March 24, 1863. At Wolf Run Shoals, Uni­on Mills and on the Occoquan March 24 to June 25. March to Gettysburg, Pa., June 25-July 1. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 4-18. Moved to Brattleboro, Vt., July 18-21. Mustered out July 30, 1863.


Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 26 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 43 Enlisted men by disease. Total 70.

 

Literatur:

- Benedict, George A.: A Short History of the 14th (Vermont) Reg’t (Bennington, Vt.: Press of C. A. Pierce, 1887)

- Williams, J. C.: Life in Camp (Claremont, N. H., 1864) (PDF-Datei in Archiv Ref, Dokumente ameridownload)

 

 

15th Regiment Vermont Infantry:

s. Pvt Azroal *Ames (Co.I)

 

Overview:

Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in October 22, 1862, for nine months. Moved to Washington, D. C., October 23-26. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Abercrombie's Division, Military District of Washington, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Casey's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to April, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Abercrombie's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to June, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to muster out.

 

Service:

At Camp Chase, Arlington, Va., October 26-28, 1862, and at East Capital Hill till October 30. March to Munson's Hill March 30, thence to Hunting Creek November 5. At Camp Vermont, near Hunting Creek, till November 26. Picket duty at Occoquan Creek No­vember 26-December 4. At Camp Vermont till December 12. Picket duty near Fairfax Court House December 12, 1862, to January 20, 1863. At Fairfax Station till March 24. At Union Mills till May 7. At Bealeton till May 18. At Union Mills till June 15. At Bristoe Station, Catlett's Station and Manassas till June 25. March to Gettysburg, Pa., June 25-July 1. Detached at Westminster as train guard till July 4. Pursuit of Lee July 4-18. Moved to Brattleboro, Vt., July 18-21, and mustered out August 5, 1863.

Regiment lost during service by disease 1 Officer and 80 Enlisted men. Total 81.

 

 

16th Regiment Vermont Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in October 23, 1862, for nine months. Moved to Washington, D. C., October 24-27. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Abercrombie's Division, Military District of Washington, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Casey's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to April, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Abercrombie's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to June, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, July, 1863.

 

Service:

At East Capital Hill, Washington, till October 30, 1862. March to Munson Hill October 30, thence to Hunting Creek November 5. At Camp Vermont, near Hunting Creek, till December 12. Picket duty near Fairfax Court House to January 20, 1863. At Fairfax Station till March 20. Defence of Fairfax Court House from attack by Stuart's Cavalry December 29, 1862. At Union Mills March 24 to June 1. At Bristoe Station, Catlett's Station and Manassas till June 15. At Union Mills till June 25. March to Gettysburg, Pa., June 25-July 1. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 4-18. Moved to Brattleboro, Vt., July 18-21. Mustered out August 10, 1863.


Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 23 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 48 Enlisted men by disea­se. Total 73.

 

 

17th Regiment Vermont Infantry:

s. Corporal Azro D. *Ames (Co.G).

 

"This distinguished regiment is included as one of William F. Fox's (circa 1889) top 300 Union Fighting Regiments."

 

Overview:

Organized and mustered in: Companies "A" January 5, 1864; "B," "C" and "D" March, 1864; "E," "F" and "G" April 12, 1864. Mo­ved to Alexandria, Va., April 18-22, 1864. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Campaign from the Rapidan to the James, Va., May-June, 1864. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spott­sylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, Spottsylvania Court House, May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-19. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1864. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864.Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Springs Church, Peebles Farm, September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Fort Sted­man March 25, 1865. Assaults on Petersburg April 1-2. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Occupation of Petersburg April 3. Moved to Wa­shington April 20-27. Guard and patrol duty at Alexandria till July. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out July 14, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 14 Officers and 133 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 116 Enlisted men by disease. Total 264.

 

 

 

 

 

b. Cavalry:

 

1st Regiment Vermont Cavalry:

s. Col Jonas P. *Holliday; Col Charles H. Tompkins; Captain Henry C. *Flint; Captain Henry C. *Parsons (Co. L); S. M. *Dufur

 

Overview:

Organized at Burlington and mustered in November 19, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., December 14; thence moved to An­napolis, Md., December 25, and duty there till March, 1862. Attached to Banks' Division, Army of the Potomac, December, 1861, to March, 1862. Hatch's Cavalry Brigade, Banks' 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, and Dept. of the Shenandoah to June, 1862. Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Army Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Price's Cavalry Brigade, Defences of Washington, and 22nd Army Corps to April, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Stahel's Cavalry Division, 22nd Army Corps, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1864, and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Moved to Washington, D. C., March 9-10, 1862; thence to Rockville, Md., and Edward's Ferry March 12-13. Moved to Harper's Fer­ry, W. Va., March 28; thence to Middletown April 1. Advance up the Valley April 16. Mt. Jackson April 17. McGaheysville April 27 (Cos. "A," "D" and "K"). Somerville Heights May 7 (Co. "B"). Operations in Shenandoah Valley May 15-June 17. Middletown May 24. Winchester May 25. Retreat to Williamsport May 25-26. Near Winchester June 18-19. Reconnoissance from Front Royal to Lu­ray June 29-30. Luray Court House June 30. Culpeper Court House July 12. Gordonsville July 17. Orange Court House August 2 and 13. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21-23. Kelly's Ford August 21. Liberty Bridge September 1. Aquia Creek September 5. Conrad's Ferry September 15. Orange Court House September 21. Ash­by's Gap September 22. Duty in the Defences of Washington till March, 1863. Warrenton November 8, 1862. Annandale December 28. Fairfax Court House January 9. Dranesville February 6, 9, 13 and 14. Goose Creek February 16. Leesburg February 19. Aldie March 2. Herndon Station March 17. Broad Run, Dranesville, April l. Warrenton May 11, 23 and 31. Near Greenwich May 30. Little­ton and Hanover, Pa., June 30. Hunterstown July 2. Gettysburg, Pa., July 3. Monterey Gap July 4. Smithburg, Md., July 5. Hager­stown July 6.Boonsboro July 8. Hagerstown July 11-13. Falling Water July 14. King George Court House August 25. Lamb's Creek Church September 1. Expedition to Port Conway September 1-3. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Culpeper Court House September 13. Somerville Ford September 14. Reconnoissance across the Rapidan September 21-23. Ri­chard's Ford September 26. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. James City October 10. Bethesda Church October 10. Brandy Station and near Culpeper October 11. Gainesville October 14 and 19. Groveton October 17-18. Catlett's Station and Buckland Mills October 19. Falmouth November 4. Advance to the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Morton's Ford November 26. Raccoon Ford November 26-27. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Kilpatrick's Raid on Rich­mond February 28-March 4. Fortifications of Richmond and near Atlee's March 1. Old Church March 2. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Near Chancellorsville May 4. Craig's Meeting House May 5. Wilderness May 5-7 (Co. "M"). Todd's Ta­vern May 5-6 and May 7-8. Alsop's Farm, Spottsylvania, May 8. Sheridan's Raid from Todd's Tavern to James River May 9-24. North Anna River May 9. Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11. Brook Church or Richmond Fortifications May 12. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Demonstration on Little River May 27. Salem Church May 27. On line of the Totopotomoy May 28-31. Ashland May 30. Mechump's Creek May 31. Cold Harbor May 31-June 1. Ashland June 1. Gaines' Mill June 2. Totopotomoy June 2. Haw's Shop June 3. Sumner's Upper Bridge June 3. Salem Church June 4. White Oak Swamp June 12. Riddell's Shop June 13. Malvern Hill June 15. Wilson's Raid on South Side & Danville Railroad June 22-30. Ream's Station June 22. Near Nottaway Court House June 23. Black and White Station June 23. Staunton Bridge or Roanoke Station June 25. Sappony Church or Stony Creek June 28-29. Ream's Station June 29. Siege of Petersburg till August. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Winchester August 17. Kearneysville August 25. Near Brucetown and Winchester September 7. Battle of Opequan September 20. Near Cedarville September 20. Front Royal September 21. Milford September 22. Fisher's Hill September 22. Waynesboro September 29. Columbia Furnace and Back Road, near Strasburg, October 7. Tom's Brook, "Woodstock Races," October 8-9. Mount Olive October 9. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Near Kernstown November 10. Newtown and Cedar Creek November 12. Rude's Hill, near Mt. Jackson, November 22. Expedition to Lacy Springs December 19-22. Lacy Springs December 21. Sheridan's Raid February 27-March 25, 1865.Waynesboro March 2. Occupation of Staunton March 2. Occupation of Charlottesville March 3. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Scott's Corners April 2. Namozine Church April 3.Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox Station April 8. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Expedition to Danville April 24-29. March to Washington, D. C., May 10-15. Grand Review May 23. Frontier duty at Champlain, N. Y., June to August. Non-Veterans mustered out November 18, 1864. Regiment mustered out August 9, 1865. (Co. "L" was organized at St. Albans September 29, 1862, and Co. "M" at Burlington December 30, 1862)


Regiment lost during service 10 Officers and 124 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 200 Enlisted men by disease. Total 438.

 

Regimentskommandeur Col. Charles H. *Tompkins seit 24.4.1862 (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 841); am 29./30.6.1862 Aufklärung durch das Luray Valley, Va. mit Teilen der 1st Vermont Cavalry, 3 Kompanien Maine Cavalry gegen Front Royal (vgl. Tompkin's Report OR 12[2] S. 94-95); am 2.8.1862 Cavalry Skirmish in Orange Court House gegen die 7th Virginia Cavalry unter William E. "Grum­ble" *Jones (vgl. Krick, Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 9; OR 12 [2], 111-114; 181-182)

 

Am 2.3.1863 two companies of the 1stVermont Cavalry, which had gone in search of Mosby, were surprised by their intended captive at Aldie/VA while they were feeding their horses. The captains of both companies and about 200 horses and man were captured (vgl. Bigelow: Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 78; Report of Lieutenant D. L. O'Connor, Provost-Marshal, published in Mosby's Rangers, by J. J. Williamson, a.a.O., S. 46-47).

 

Während der Gettysburg Campaign war die 1st Vermont Cavalry in Pennsylvania eingesetzt (vgl. Penny / Laine: Struggle for the Rund Tops, a.a.O., S. 19). Sie gehörte zu BrigGen Elon J. *Farnsworth Brigade. Das Regiment gehörte zu 1863 während der Gettys­burg Campaign zu BrigGen *Farnsworth Brigade (5th New York Cavalry, 18th Pennsylvania Cavalry, 1st Vermont Cavalry, 1st West Virginia Cavalry) in Kilpatrick‘s Cavalry Division (vgl. Parsons, Henry C.: "Farnsworth Charge and Death." in: B & L, vol. 3, S. 393):

 

Offiziere:

Captain Henry C. *Flint (Co. I); Captain Josiah Hall (Co. F); Captain Henry C. *Parsons (Co. L); Captain William Wells (Co. C)

 

"This distinguished regiment is included as one of William F. Fox's (circa 1889) top 300 Union Fighting Regiments."

 

Literatur:

- Dufur, S. M. (1st Vermont Cavalry): Over the Dead Line or Tracked by Blood Hounds (Burlington 1902). Roster of Vermont Sol­diers buried at Andersonville, Georgia; 282 pp; Photos; Details of escape plans, prisoner arrivals, escape and recapture

- Parsons, Henry C.: "How General Farnsworth was Killed." National Tribune, Aug. 7, 1890

- Parsons, Henry C.: "Farnsworth Charge and Death." in: B & L, vol. 3, S. 393 ff.

 

 

 

c. Artillery:

 

1st Vermont Heavy Artillery:

s. LtCol Aldace Freeman *Walker

 

Das größte Vermont Regiment mit mehr als 1300 Mann, und mehr als 1000 Mann Personalergänzung in den drei Jahren von 1862-1865, insgesamt 2320 Mann (vgl. Ledoux: „Quite ready to be sent somewhere“. The Civil War Letters of Aldace Freeman Walker. Victoria/Canada, 2002, Introduction, S. 9).

 

"This distinguished regiment is included as one of William F. Fox's (circa 1889) top 300 Union Fighting Regiments."

 

Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in as 11th Vermont Infantry September 1, 1862. Left State for Washington, D. C., September 7, 1862. Designation of Regiment changed to 1st Heavy Artillery December 10, 1862. (Co. "L" organized July 11, 1863, and Co. "M" October 7, 1863.) Attached to 1st Brigade, Haskins' Division, Military District of Washington, to February, 1863. 1st Brigade, Has­kins' Division, 22nd Army Corps, Defences of Washington, to May, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to June, 1865. Middle Department, 8th Corps, to August, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., north of the Potomac September, 1862, to May, 1864. Company "A" at Fort Lincoln Sep­tember 27 to November 17, 1862, then at Fort Totten till March, 1864, and at Fort Lincoln till May, 1864. Company "B" at Forts Massachusetts and Stevens till March, 1864, then at Fort Totten till May, 1864. Companies "C" and "D" at Fort Saratoga till Novem­ber 17, 1862, then at Fort Massachusetts till March, 1864. Company "C" at Fort Stevens till May, 1864. Company "D" at Fort Sarato­ga till May, 1864. Company "E" at Fort Totten till November 17, 1862, then at Fort Slocum till May, 1864. Company "F" at Fort Bunker Hill till November 17, 1862, then at Fort Slocum till March, 1864, and at Fort Thayer till May, 1864. Company "G" at Fort Lincoln till November 17, 1862, then at Fort Slocum till May, 1864. Company "H" at Fort Slocum till March, 1864, then at Fort Bun­ker Hill till May, 1864. Company "I" at Fort Thayer till November 17, 1862, then at Fort Massachusetts till March, 1864, and at Fort Bunker Hill till May, 1864. Company "K" at Fort Totten till May, 1864. Company "L" at Fort Lincoln till May, 1864. Company "M" at Fort Bunker Hill till May, 1864. Ordered to join army in the field May 12, 1864. Moved to Belle Plains, Va., and join 6th Army Corps at Spottsylvania Court House, Va., May 15. Spottsylvania Court House May 15-21. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 17-July 9. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Moved to Washington, D. C., July 9-11. Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens July 11-12. Snicker's Gap Expe­dition July 15-23. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Near Charlestown August 21-22. Gilbert's Ford, Opequan, September 13. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Strasburg till November 9, and at Kernstown till December 9. Moved to Petersburg, Va., December 9-12. Siege of Peters­burg December 13, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Fort Fisher, Petersburg, March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee. Duty at Burkesville till April 23. March to Danville April 23-27, and duty there till May 18. At Manchester May 19-24, and at Munson's Hill, Washington, till June 24. Corps Review June 8. Old members mustered out June 24, 1865. Veterans and Recruits consolidated to a Battalion of four Companies, and duty at Fort Foote, Md., De­fences of Washington, till August. Mustered out August 25, 1865.



Regiment lost during service 10 Officers and 154 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 410 Enlisted men by disease. Total 576.



Predecessor unit: 

VERMONT VOLUNTEERS. 11th REGIMENT INFANTRY:

Organized at Brattleboro September 1, 1862. Left State for Washington, D. C., September 7. Attached to 1st Brigade, Haskins' Divisi­on, Military District of Washington, to December, 1862. Duty in the Defences of Washington north of the Potomac. Designation of Regiment changed to 1st Vermont Heavy Artillery December 10, 1862. (See 1st Heavy Artillery.)

 

Literatur:

- Ledoux, Tom: „Quite ready to be sent somewhere“. The Civil War Letters of Aldace Freeman Walker. Victoria/Canada, 2002

 

 

1st Company Vermont Heavy Artillery:

 

Organized April, 1865, from surplus Recruits of 2nd Vermont Battery Light Artillery. Duty at Port Hudson, La., till July, 1865. Mo­ved to Vermont July 7-20, and mustered out July 25, 1865.

 

 

1st Battery Vermont Light Artillery:

 

Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in February 18, 1862. Left State for New York City March 6. Sailed on Steamer "Wallace" for Ship Island March 10, arriving April 5. Attached to Phelps' 1st Brigade, Dept. of the Gulf, to December, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Divisi­on, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to June, 1863. Artillery, 3rd Division, 19th Army Corps, to September, 1863. Artillery, Dis­trict of LaFourche, Dept. of the Gulf, to January, 1864. Artillery, 2nd Division, 19th Army Corps, Army of the Gulf, to July, 1864. Ar­tillery, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, to August, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty at Ship Island till May 16, 1863. Moved to Camp Parapet, Defences of New Orleans, La., May 16, and duty there till January 17, 1863. (Centre Section at Fort Pike May 6 to June 4, 1862.) Duty at New Orleans till May 19, 1863. Expedition to Lake Pontchar­train April 18-21. Moved to Baton Rouge, La., May 19. Advance on Port Hudson, La., May 21-24. Siege of Port Hudson May 24-Ju­ly 9. Surrender of Port Hudson July 9. March to Baton Rouge July 11-12. Return to Port Hudson July 23, and duty there till Septem­ber 1. Ordered to New Orleans, La., September 1. Sabine Pass, Texas Expedition, September 3-11. Moved to Brashear City, thence to Berwick City and to Fort Bisland September 16-23. Return to Brashear City September 28, and duty there till March 3, 1864. Moved to Franklin March 3. Red River Campaign March 10-May 22. Advance from Franklin to Alexandria March 14-26. Battle of Sabine Cross Roads April 8. Pleasant Hill April 9.Monett's Bluff, Cane River Crossing, April 23. Alexandria April 30-May 10. Retreat to Morganza May 13-20. Mansura May 16.Yellow Bayou May 18. Duty at Morganza till July. Moved to Baton Rouge July 3, thence or­dered home July 28. Mustered out August 10, 1864. Recruits transferred to 2nd Vermont Battery.

Battery lost during service 3 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 51 Enlisted men by disease. Total 54.

 

 

2nd Battery Vermont Light Artillery:

 

Organized at Brandon and mustered in December 24, 1861. Moved to Lowell, Mass., December 24; thence to Boston February 4, 1862. Embark on Steamer "Idaho" for Ship Island, La., February 6, arriving there March 8. Attached to Phelps' 1st Brigade, Dept. of the Gulf, to December, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, 19th Army Corps, Army of the Gulf, to August, 1863. Garrison Artillery, Port Hudson, La., to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Operations against New Orleans, La., April 11-May 2, 1862. Occupation of New Orleans May 2 (the first Union Battery to enter the city). Duty in New Orleans till May 31, and at Camp Parapet till October 31. Expedition to Pass Manchac July 25-August 2. Duty at New Orleans October 31 to December 26. Expedition to Galveston, Texas, December 26, 1862, to January 3, 1863. Action at Galveston January 1, 1863. Duty at New Orleans till March. Expedition to Port Hudson, La., March 7-20. At Baton Rouge till May. Advance on Port Hudson May 18-24. Action at Plains Store May 21. Siege of Port Hudson May 24-July 9. Assaults on Port Hudson May 27 and June 14. Surrender of Port Hudson July 9. Jackson, La., August 3. Garrison and guard duty at Port Hudson till July, 1865. Expedition to Clinton July 28, 1864. Non-Veterans mustered out September 30, 1864. Battery moved to Vermont July 7-20, 1865, and mustered out July 31, 1865.


Losses during service 1 Enlisted man killed and 53 Enlisted men by disease. Total 54.

 

 

3rd Battery Vermont Light Artillery:


Organized at Burlington and mustered in January 1, 1864. Moved to Washington, D. C., January 15-18, and duty at Camp Barry till April 5. Attached to Artillery, 4th Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to July, 1864. Reserve Artillery, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to September, 1864. Reserve Artillery, 6th Army Corps, and Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Rapidan (Va.) Campaign May-June, 1864. Guard trains of the Army of the Potomac through the Wilderness and to Petersburg, Va. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Garrison Fort Morton June 20 to August 19, 1864. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. At Aiken House August 27-30. At Fort Sedgwick till September 6. At Avery House till Sep­tember 19. At Fort Meikel September 19 to October 3. At Battery 27 till October 5. Moved to Poplar Springs Church October 5 and built Fort Urmston October 5-12. At Battery 16 October 12-25. Ordered to City Point October 25, and duty in the Defences there till January, 1865. Joined 6th Army Corps at Weldon Railroad January 15, and stationed at Fort Fisher till April. Fort Fisher March 25. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Moved to City Point and duty there till May 3. March to Washington, D. C., March 3-18. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 15, 1862.


Losses: Died of disease 21.

 

 

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