Version 17.3.2017

 

US-Einheiten (Regular Army)

 

a. allgemeines:

 

Literatur:

- Quartermaster General's Office. Roll of Honor. 27 vols. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1865-1872.

- Quartermaster General's Office. Statement of the Disposition of Some of the Bodies of Deceased Union Soldiers and Prisoners of War Whose Remains Have Been Removed to National Cemeteries in the Southern and Western States. 4 vols. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1868.

 

 

b. Infantry:

 

2nd Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps:

s. Pvt Allen *Ames (Co H)

 

Overview:

Organized at Detroit, Mich., October 10, 1863, by consolidation of the 38th, 52nd, 101st, 106th, 110th, 111th, 240th, 242nd and 247th Companies, 1st Battalion, and 6th Company, 2nd Battalion. Mustered out by detachments from July 3 to November 11, 1865.

 

 

3rd Regiment, US Veteran Volunteer Infantry:

s. Pvt George *Buehler (Co. B)

 

Overview:

"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.

 

 

4th Regiment, US Infantry (Regular Army):

s. Pvt Christian Abert (Co. E&H)

 

Overview:

In California January, 1861. Ordered to Washington, D.C., and duty in the Defences of that city till March, 1862. Attached to Sykes' Regular Infantry (Reserve) Brigade, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army Poto­mac, to August, 1863. Dept. of the East, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, June, 1864. City Point, Va., Headquarters, Army Potomac, to May, 1865. Dept. of Virginia to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Moved to Virginia Peninsula March, 1862. Siege of Yorktown, Va., April 5-May 4. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battles of Mechanicsville June 26; Gaines' Mill June 27; Turkey Bridge June 30; Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till Au­gust 16. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centreville August 16-28. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 28-Sep­tember 2. Battles of Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. Shepherdstown Ford September 19-20. At Sharpsburg till October 29. Kearneysville and Shepherdstown October 16-17. Mo­vement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. Moved to New York August 15. Duty at Forts Tompkins and Wood till April 25, 1864. Rejoined Army Potomac. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania Court House May 8-21; Ny River May 10; North Anna River May 22-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Ordered to City Point, Va., June 22, and assigned to duty at headquarters of the army under Gen. Grant till April, 1865. Fall of Petersburg April 2, 1865. Duty at Richmond, Va., till July, 1865. Moved to N.Y. Harbor July 15, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 58 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 61 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 122.

 

 

9th Regiment, US Veteran Volunteer Infantry:

s. 1stLt Charles A. *Stevens (Co. A)

 

Overview:

**"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.

 

 

11th Regiment US-Infantry (Regular Army):

s. Captain Henry Goddard *Thomas (vom 5.8.1861-19.5.1863); Pvt (?) James *Wren (Co. D)

 

Overview:

Organized by direction of the President May 4, 1861, and confirmed by Act of Congress July 29, 1861. Organized at Fort Indepen­dence, Boston Harbor, 1st Battalion ordered to Perryville, Md., October 10, 1861, and duty there till March, 1862. Ordered to Wa­shington, D.C. Attached to Sykes' Regular Infantry, Reserve Brigade, Army Potomac, to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to September, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to March, 1864. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to No­vember, 1864. Annapolis, Md., 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to January, 1865. City Point, Va., Headquarters Army Potomac, to May, 1865. Dept. of Virginia, to October, 1865.

 

Service:

Moved to Virginia Peninsula March, 1862. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battles of Mechanicsville June 26; Gaines' Mill June 27; Turkey Bridge June 30; Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till August 16. Mo­vement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centreville August 16-28. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 28-September 2. Battles of Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Shepherdstown Ford September 19-20. At Sharpsburg, Md., till October 29. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. On special duty at New York August 21-September 14. Rejoined army, Bristoe Campaign, October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12, 1864. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania Court House May 8-21; North Anna River May 22-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16-November 2. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (Reserve). Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Springs Church, Pee­ble's Farm September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Moved to Fort Hamilton, N.Y. Harbor, No­vember 2, thence to Baltimore, Md., November 18, and to Annapolis, Md., December 5. Duty at Camp Parole, Annapolis, Md., till January 26, 1865. Ordered to City Point, Va., January 26, and camp near Gen. Grant's Headquarters till March 8. Provost duty at Head­quarters, Army Potomac, till May, and at Richmond. Va., till October, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 8 Officers and 117 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 86 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total, 213.

 

 

13th Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps:

 

Overview

Organized October 10, 1863, by consolidation of the 7th, 9th, 11th, 27th, 32nd, 55th, 231st, 234th, 235th and 236th Companies, 1st Battalion. Mustered out by detachments July 5 to November 25, 1865.

 

 

15th Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps:

s. Pvt Americus *Ames (Co E)

 

Overview:

Organized October 10, 1863, by consolidation of the 21st, 24th, 25th, 68th, 70th, 75th, 94th, 105th, 107th and 120th Companies, 1st Battalion. Mustered out by detachments June 28 to November 25, 1865.

 

 

22nd Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps:

s. Corporal Agro D. *Ames; Pvt Gotlieb Buehler (Co. B)

 

Overview:

Organized at Washington, D.C., January 12, 1864, by consolidation of the 74th, 91st, 122nd, 126th, 130th, 134th, 175th, 183rd, 184th and 192nd Companies, 1st Battalion. Mustered out by detachments July 1 to November 19, 1865.

 

 

24th Regiment Veteran Reserve Corps;

s. Corporal Jakob *Allabach

 

Organized at Washington, D.C., February 24, 1864, by consolidation of the 146th, 148th, 159th, 160th, 161st, 163rd, 171st, 173rd, 174th and 195th Companies, 1st Battalion. Mustered out by detachments June 30 to November 27, 1865.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c. Cavalry:

Standard speeds for Horses were four miles per hour at a walk, eight Miles per hour at a trot, and twelf miles per hour at a gallop (The R.O.T.C. Manual Cavalry [Washington, D.C.: National Service Publishing Company, 1933], S. 361). Dies waren allerdings kei­ne Dauergeschwindigkeiten, vielmehr wurde ein Mix mit einer mittleren Geschwindigkeit von 6 miles per hour geritten, oder es fand ein häufiger Pferdewechsel an Relaisstationen statt.

 

 

1st US-Cavalry Regiment:

s. Pvt Robert B. *Secrist

 

in der Vorkriegszeit bezeichnet als 1st US-Dragoons; umbenannt nach Kriegsausbruch 1861 in 1st US-Cavalry; die ursprüngliche 1st US-Cavalry der Vorkriegszeit wurde unbenannt in 4th US-Cavalry (vgl. Longacre: Lincoln‘s Cavalrymen, a.a.O., S. 16).

 

Literatur:

- **Wainwright, R. P. P.: „The First Regiment of Cavalry“; in: *Rodenbough, Theophilus F. and Haskin, William L. (eds.): The Army of the United States: Historical Sketches of Staff and Line ... (New York, 1896), S. 153-57

 

 

2nd US-Cavalry Regiment (2nd US-Dragoons):

s. Captain Albert G. *Brackett

 

in der Vorkriegszeit bezeichnet als 2nd US-Dragoons; umbenannt nach Kriegsausbruch 1861 in 2nd US-Cavalry; die ursprüngliche 2nd US-Cavalry der Vorkriegszeit wurde unbenannt in 5th US-Cavalry (vgl. Longacre: Lincoln‘s Cavalrymen, a.a.O., S. 16).

 

 

Literatur:

- **Bates, Alfred E.: „The Second Regiment of Cavalry (1836-1865)“; in: *Rodenbough, Theophilus F. and Haskin, William L. (eds.): The Army of the United States: Historical Sketches of Staff and Line ... (New York, 1896), S. 177-78

- **Brackett, Albert G.: History of the United States Cavalry, From the Formation of the Federal Government to the 1st of June, 1865 (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1865)

 

 

3rd US-Cavalry Regiment:

s. Pvt John *Baumer

 

Overview:

In New Mexico at outbreak of the Rebellion and duty there till September, 1862. Action at Mesilla July 25, 1861 (Cos. "B," "F"). Evacuation of Fort Fillmore July 26. San Augustine Springs July 27 (Cos. "B," "F," "I"). Near Fort Thorn September 26 (Cos. "C," "G," "K"). Battle of Valverde February 21, 1862 (Cos. "C", "D","G","I" and "K"). Comanche Canon March 3 (Cos. "C," "K"). Eva­cuation of Albuquerque and Santa Fe March 2-4 (Co. "E"). Apache Canon March 26 (Co. "C"). Glorietta or Pigeon Ranch March 28 (Co. "E"). Albuquerque April 9. Pursuit of Confederate forces April 13-22. Peralta April 15 (Cos. "D," "E," "G," "I," "K"). Parejie May 21. Near Fort Craig May 23. Operations in New Mexico till September. Moved from Fort Union to Jefferson Barracks, Mo., September 30-November 23 (1280 miles). Moved to Memphis, Tenn., December, 1862. Attached to District of Memphis, Tenn., 16th Army Corps, Dept. Tenn., to March, 1863. Unattached, District Memphis, 16th Corps, to May, 1863. 2nd Brigade, District of Mem­phis, 16th Corps, to October, 1863. Unattached, 15th Army Corps, Army Tennessee, to March, 1864. St. Louis, Mo., Dept. Missouri, to May, 1864. Unattached, 7th Army Corps, Dept. Arkansas, to September, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, 7th Army Corps, to February, 1865. Little Rock, Ark., 7th Corps, to July, 1865. Dept. of Arkansas to April, 1866.

 

Service:

Duty in District of Memphis, Tenn., till October, 1863. Left Memphis for Corinth, Miss., October 8, thence moved to Cherokee, Ala. Operations on Memphis & Charleston Railroad in Alabama October 20-29. Barton Station, Cane Creek and Dickson's Station Octo­ber 20. Cherokee Station October 21. Cane Creek October 26. Bear Creek, Tuscumbia, October 27. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. March to relief of Knoxville, Tenn., November 28-December 6. Near Loudon December 2 (Detachment). Expediti­on to Murphey. N. C., December 6-11 (Detachment). Moved to Huntsville, Ala., December 12-29, and duty there till March, 1864. Moved to St. Louis, Mo., March 6-7, thence to Devall's Bluff, Ark., May 20-26, and to Little Rock, Ark., June 4-9. Duty in the Dept. of Arkansas till April, 1866. Expedition from Little Rock to Little Red River August 6-16, 1864. Expedition from Little Rock to Fort Smith, Ark., September 25-October 13 (Detachment). Reconnoissance from Little Rock toward Monticello and Mt. Elba October 4-11. Reconnoissance from Little Rock to Princeton October 19-23. Expedition from Little Rock to Irving Station October 26-28. Ex­pedition from Little Rock to Saline River November 17-18 (Detachment). Expedition from Little Rock to Benton November 27-30. Duty at Little Rock and other points in Arkansas till April, 1866.

 

Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 30 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 105 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 140.

 

Literatur:

- **Morton, Charles: „The Third Regiment of Cavalry“; in: *Rodenbough, Theophilus F. and Haskin, William L. (eds.): The Army of the United States: Historical Sketches of Staff and Line ... (New York, 1896), S. 193-98

 

 

4th US-Cavalry Regiment:

s. Captain Eli *Long; Captain James *Powell

 

in der Vorkriegszeit bezeichnet als 1st US-Cavalry; umbenannt nach Kriegsausbruch 1861 in 4th US-Cavalry (vgl. Longacre: Lin­coln‘s Cavalrymen, a.a.O., S. 16).

 

Co ‘I’ 4th US-Cavalry unter Captain James Powell gehörte im Frühjahr 1862 zur 1st Brigade Oglesby, 1st Division McClernand, Grant’s Army of the Tennessee bei der Eroberung von *Fort Donelson im Februar 1862 (vgl. US Grant; in: Battles and Leaders Vol. I S. 429; Wallace, Lew: The Capture of Fort Donelson; in: B&L, vol. I, a.a.O., S. 417-419).

 

 

5th US-Cavalry Regiment:

in der Vorkriegszeit bezeichnet als 2nd US-Cavalry; umbenannt nach Kriegsausbruch 1861 in 5th US-Cavalry (vgl. Longacre: Lin­coln‘s Cavalrymen, a.a.O., S. 16).

 

 

6th US-Cavalry Regiment:

s. Sidney Morris *Davis

 

Overview:

Organized by direction of the President May 4, 1861, and confirmed by Act of Congress July 29, 1861. Regiment organized at Pitts­burg, Pa. Moved to Washington, D.C., October 12, 1861. Attached to Stoneman's Cavalry Command, Army Potomac, to March, 1862. Emery's Brigade, Cavalry Reserve, Army Potomac, to July, 1862. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army Potomac, to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, Pleasonton's Cavalry Division, Army Potomac, to October, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Pleasonton's Cavalry Division, Army Potomac, to February, 1863. Reserve Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to August, 1864. 3rd (Reserve) Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to March, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Ca­valry Corps, Army Potomac, to June 1865. Frederick, Md., 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., to October, 1865.

 

SERVICE:

Duty in the Defences of Washington, D.C., till March, 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15. Reconnoissance to Cedar Run March 14-16. Moved to Virginia Peninsula March 27-30. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Cheese Cake Church May 4. Slatersville May 9. New Kent Court House May 11. New Bridge May 20. Mechanicsville May 24, Hanover Court House May 27. Operations about Hanover Court House May 27-29. Destruction of bridges, South Anna River, May 28-29. Expedition to Wormsley Ferry June 2. Operations against Stuart June 13-15. Ashland June 16. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Operations about White House June 26-July 2. Black Creek June 26. Malvern Hill August 5. Movement to Alexandria August 15-26. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Fall's Church September 5. Sugar Loaf Mountain near Frederick, September 10-11. Petersville September 15. Antie­tam September 16-17. Shepherdstown Ford September 19-20. Charlestown September 28. Hillsboro September 29. Reconnoissance from Harper's Ferry to Leesburg October 1-2. Waterford October 1. Charlestown October 6. Reconnoissance to Charlestown October 16-17. Charlestown October 16. Philomont November 1. Union November 2-3. Upperville and Bloomfield November 2-3. Ashby's Gap November 3. Markham Station November 4. Barbee's Cross Roads, Chester Gap and Markham November 5-6. Amissville No­vember 7-8. Little Washington November 8. Newby's Cross Roads November 9. Corbin's Cross Roads, near Amissville, November 10. Sulphur Springs November 17. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 8, 1863. Stoneman's Raid April 29-May 8. Stevensburg April 29. Brandy Station and Beverly Ford June 9. Middleburg June 19. Upper­ville June 21. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Williamsport, Md., July 6. Funkstown July 7. Boonsboro July 8. Benevola or Bea­ver Creek July 9. At and near Funkstown July 10-13. Falling Waters July 14. Manassas Gap, Va., July 21-22. Wapping Heights July 23. Kelly's Ford July 31-August 1. Brandy Station August 1-4. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Brandy Station October 11. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Cam­paign November 26-December 2. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Barnett's Ford February 6-7. Rapidan Cam­paign May 4-June 12. Wilderness May 5-7. Todd's Tavern May 7-8. Sheridan's Raid to James River May 9-24. Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11. Richmond fortifications May 12. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Hanovertown Ferry and Ha­novertown May 27. Haw's Shop May 28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Old Church and Mattadequin Creek May 30. Cold Harbor May 31-June 1. Sheridan's Trevillian Raid June 7-24. Trevillian Station June 11-12. Mallory's Cross Roads June 12. Black Creek or Tun­stall Station and White House or St. Peter's Church June 21. Siege of Petersburg till August. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Malvern Hill July 28. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Sevier's Ford, Opequan Creek, September 15. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 21-22. Luray Valley September 24. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Raid from near Winchester to Gordonsville December 19-28. Sheridan's Raid from Winchester February 27-March 25, 1865. Oc­cupation of Staunton March 2. Action at Waynesboro March 2. Duguidsville March 8. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Scott's Cross Roads April 2. Tabernacle Church or Beaver Pond Creek April 4. Amelia Springs April 4-5. Sailor's Creek April 6.Appomattox Station April 8. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Expedition to Danville April 23-29. March to Washington, D.C., May. Grand Review May 23. At Frederick, Md., till October.


Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 50 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 106 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 159.

 

Literatur:

- **Davis, Sidney Morris (6th U.S. Cavalry): Common Soldier, Uncommon War: Life as a Cavalryman in the Civil War (The SMD Group, 1994); Edited by John H. Davis Jr; 526 pp. A revealing look at the common cavalryman in the war.

 

 

 

 

 

 

d. Artillery:

Die Vorkriegsartillerie bestand 36 Kompanien (seit 1861 Batterien), organisiert in 4 Artillerie-Regimentern (vgl. Felton, a.a.O., S. 142). Die Neuorganisation erfolgte 1821. Anfangs waren nur 4 Kompanien als "Field" oder "Light" Kompanies ausgerüstet und mit Pferden beweglich. Später wurden weitere 4 Kompanien als leichte bewegliche Kompanien umgerüstet.

 

Literatur:

- **Felton, Silas: The Iron Brigade Battery. An Irregular Regular Battery; in Nolan/Vipond, Giants in their Black Hats, a.a.O., S. 142 ff.

 

 

2nd Regiment United States Artillery (Regular Army):

s. Captain Peter C. *Hains (Co. M); Captain James M. *Robertson (Co. B&L); Captain John C. *Tidball (Battery A); Lt John *Calef (Battery A); Lt John W. *Roder (Battery A); Sgt Joseph *Newman; Sgt Charles *Pergel (Battery A)

 

Im Battle of South Moun­tain am 13.9.1862 eingesetzt bei der Aufklärung von Pleasonton's Cavalry (bei Frederick/Maryland, ent­lang der Emmittsburg Road in nördlicher Richtung) (vgl. Priest: Battle of South Mountain, a.a.O., S. 105). The regimental historian of the 1st New York Cavalry (McReynold's Cavalry Brigade, Pleasonton's Cavalry Division) stated that Battery M, 5th US Artillery accom­panied the Cavalry column. There was no Battery M, 5th US Artillery in the Army of the Potomac at that time. There was only a Bat­tery M, 2nd US, which was assigned to the Cavalry Division. Priest suspects therefore that the author of the regimental history wrote down the wrong regimental number und daß es sich um Battery M, 2nd US Artillery gehandelt hat (vgl. Priest: Battle of South Moun­tain, a.a.O., S. 353 n1).

 

 

Calef’s Battery A:

s. Lt John *Calef; Lt John W. *Roder; Sgt Joseph *Newman; Sgt Charles *Pergel

 

Im Sommer 1863 verstärkte Calef's Battery die 1st Cavalry Division John *Buford beim Vorstoß auf Gettysburg am 30.6.1863 (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 39).

 

Calef's Battery wurde am 1.7.1863 im Battle of Gettysburg in der Frontlinie von Gamble's Cavalry Brigade bei McPherson's Ridge eingesetzt (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 74; Longacre: The Cavalry at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 186); hierbei kommandierte Roder die rechts eingesetzte Sektion (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 75).

 

Literatur:

- **Ingrisano, Michael Jr.: An Artilleryman‘s War: Gus Dey and the 2nd United States Artillery (White Mane 1998); 342 pp, 25 Photos, 11 Maps, Biblio, Index. The role of the Artillery of the Regular Army at the start of the war. These units held the Confederates at bay until volunteers could be recruited.

 

 

4th US Artillery Regiment:

s. Captain Joseph C. *Clark (Battery E); Captain Alonzo H. *Cushing; Lt Francis W. *Seeley (Battery K); Augustus *Buell, Pvt. An­drew F. *Ames (Co B)

 

Teil der Vorkriegs-Berufsarmee

 

Overview:

BATTERY "A" 4th ARTILLERY.

Consolidated with Battery "C" at Washington, D.C., October, 1861. Attached to Sumner's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to November, 1862. (Batteries separated October 18, 1862.) Reserve Artillery, 2nd Army Corps, to May, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 2nd Army Corps, to July, 1863. 1st Brigade, Horse Artillery, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, Hardin's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to July, 1864. Camp Barry, Defences of Wa­shington, D. C., 22nd Corps, to August, 1865.

 

SERVICE:

Duty in the Defences of Washington, D.C., till March, 1862. Moved to the Virginia Peninsula. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Seven Pines, Fair Oaks, May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Peach Orchard and Savage Stati­on June 29. White Oak Swamp and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till August 16. Movement to Alex­andria and Centreville August 16-28. Cover Pope's retreat August 28-September 2. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. At Harper's Ferry September 22-October 30. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-Novem­ber 19. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. At Falmouth, Va., until April, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 16. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Made a Horse Battery July 15, and attached to 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac. Advance to the Rapidan September 13-17. Cul­peper Court House September 13. Reconnoissance across the Rapidan September 21-23. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. White Sul­phur Springs October 12. Bristoe Station October 14. St. Stephen's Church October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock No­vember 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Parker's Store November 29. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 4, 1864. Wilderness May 5-7. Sheridan's Raid to the James River May 9-24. North Anna River May 9. Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11. Brook Church, Fortifications of Richmond, May 12. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopoto­moy May 28-31. Cold Harbor May 31-June 1. Dismounted and sent to Washington, D.C., June 4. Duty in the Defences of Washing­ton, D.C., till August, 1865.


 

BATTERY "B" 4th ARTILLERY.
 

Overview:

Reached Washington, D.C., October, 1861. Attached to McDowell's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Poto­mac, to May, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 1st Army Corps, to March, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 5th Army Corps, to May, 1865. Dept. of Washington, D.C., to August, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till March, 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15. Advance on Falmouth, Va., April 9-19. Duty at Falmouth and Fredericksburg till August. Reconnoissance from Fredericksburg to Orange Court House July 24-27. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Battles of Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. At Falmouth till April, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Pollock's Mill Crossing April 29-May 2. Battle of Chancellorsville May 2-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Cam­paign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock Novem­ber 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Spottsylvania May 8-21. North Anna River May 22-26. Jericho Ford May 25. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Peters­burg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28, 1864. Warren's Raid on Weldon Railroad December 7-12. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9, 1865. Junction, Quaker and Boydton Roads March 29. Lewis Farm, near Gravelly Run, March 29. White Oak Road March 31. Battle of Five Forks April 1. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Moved to Washington, D.C., May. Grand Review May 23. Duty in the Defences of Washington, D.C., till August, 1865.



BATTERY "C" 4th ARTILLERY:

 

Overview:

(Attached to Battery "A" till October, 1862.) Attached to Sumner's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, 1st Di­vision, 2nd Army Corps, to May, 1863. 1st Regular Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to November, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 6th Army Corps, to March, 1864. Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1864. (Consolidated with Battery "E" as a Horse Battery April 11, 1864.) 1st Brigade, Horse Artillery, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1864. Horse Artillery, Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to December, 1864. Horse Artillery Reserve, Army of the Shenandoah, to May, 1865. Atta­ched to 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Horse Artillery Brigade, 22nd Army Corps, to August, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till March, 1862. Operations on Orange & Alexandria Railroad March 28-31. Moved to the Virginia Peninsula. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, May 31-June 1. Seven days before Rich­mond June 25-July 1. Peach Orchard and Savage Station June 29. White Oak Swamp and Glendale June 30.Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till August 16. Movement to Alexandria and Centreville August 16-28. Cover Pope's retreat August 28-September 2. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. At Harper's Ferry September 22-October 30. Move­ment to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. At Falmouth till April, 1863. Chancel­lorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Get­tysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Stati­on November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12, 1864. Craig's Meeting House May 5. Todd's Tavern May 5-6. Wilderness May 6-7. Sheridan's Raid to the James River May 9-24. North Anna River May 9. Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11. Brook Church, Richmond fortifications, May 12. Strawberry Hill May 12. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Totopotomoy June 3. Long Bridge June 12. Rid­dell's Shop June 13. White Oak Swamp June 13. Siege of Petersburg June 16-August 5. Ream's Station June 22. Wilson's Raid on Southside & Danville Railroad June 22-July 1. Nottaway Court House June 23. Staunton River Bridge June 25. Sappony Church, Stony Creek, June 28-29. Ream's Station June 29. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Expedition from Winchester into Faquier and Loudoun Counties November 28-December 3. Expedition to Gordonsville December 19-28. Liberty Mills December 22. Sheridan's Raid from Winchester February 27-March 25, 1865. Occupation of Staunton and action at Waynesbo­ro March 2. Duguidsville March 8. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Scott's Cross Roads April 2. Tabernacle Church or Beaver Pond Creek April 4. Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox Station April 8.Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Expedition to Danville April 23-29. March to Washington, D.C., May. Grand Review May 23. Duty at Washington till August.

 


BATTERY "D" 4th ARTILLERY:

 

Overview:

At Fortress Monroe, Va., April, 1861. Attached to District Fortress Monroe, Va., Dept. of the Virginia, to July, 1862. Viele's Com­mand, Norfolk, Va., 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to April, 1863. Unattached, Artillery, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to June, 1863. Artillery, 1st Division, 7th Army Corps, to August, 1863. United States Forces, Norfolk and Portsmouth, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to December, 1863. Artillery Brigade, United States Forces, Norfolk and Portsmouth, Va., to April, 1864. Artillery, 2nd Division, 18th Army Corps, Army of the James, to June, 1864. Artillery, 2nd Division, 10th Army Corps, to Au­gust, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 10th Army Corps, to December, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 25th Army Corps, to August, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty in District of Fortress Monroe, Va., till May, 1862. Capture of Norfolk, Va., May 10. Duty at Norfolk, Va., till April, 1863. Re­connoissance to Franklin on the Blackwater October 3, 1862. Franklin October 31. Action at Deserted House January 30, 1863. Siege of Suffolk April 11-May 4. Edenton Road April 24. Duty at Norfolk and Portsmouth, Va., till April, 1864. Butler's operations en south side of the James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4-June 16. Swift Creek May 9. Operations against Fort Darling May 12-16. Battle of Drury's Bluff May 14-16. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Darbytown Road October 7, 1864. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9, 1865.Appomattox Court House April 9. Surren­der of Lee and his army. Moved to Texas May-June, and duty there.



BATTERY "E" 4th ARTILLERY:

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Monroe, Ohio, and Joined Rosecrans in West Virginia. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Army of Occupation, West Vir­ginia, to September, 1861. Scammon's Brigade, Dept. of West Virginia, to October, 1861. Kelly's Command, Railroad District, West Virginia, to January, 1862. Artillery, Lander's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, Shields' 2nd Division, Banks' 5th Army Corps, to April, 1862. Artillery, Shields' Division, Dept. of the Shenandoah, to May, 1862, and Dept. of the Rappahannock to June, 1862. Unattached Artillery, 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to February, 1863. Reserve Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1863. 1st Brigade, Horse Artillery, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1864. Artillery, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps (Horse Artillery Reserve), Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to March, 1865. Horse Artillery Reserve, attached to 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Shenandoah and Army of the Potomac, to May, 1865. Horse Artillery Brigade, 22nd Army Corps, to August, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty in West Virginia till March, 1862. Advance on Winchester, Va., March 7-12. Battle of Winchester March 23. Occupation of Mt. Jackson April 17. March to Fredericksburg May 10-21, and return to Front Royal May 25-30. Battle of Port Republic June 8-9. Po­pe's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 20-23. Bristoe Station August 27. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Reconnoissance to Charlestown October 16-17. Charlestown October 16. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Operations at Welford's, Kelly's and Beverly Fords April 14-15. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Brandy Station and Beverly Ford June 9. Hanover, Pa., June 30, Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Hunterstown, Pa., July 4. Boonsboro, Md., July 8. Hagerstown July 10-13. Falling Waters July 14. Expedition to Port Conway September 1-3. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Culpeper Court House September 13. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. James City, Bethesda Church and near Culpeper October 10. Brandy Station October 11. Gainesville October 14. Groveton October 17-18. Gainesville, New Baltimore, Buckland's Mills and Haymarket October 19. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12, 1864. Craig's Meeting House May 5. Todd's Tavern May 5-6. Wilderness May 6-7. Sheridan's Raid to the James River May 9-24. North Anna River May 9. Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11. Brook Church and fortifications of Richmond May 12. Strawberry Hill May 12. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Totopotomoy June 2. Long Bridge June 12. Riddell's Shop and White Oak Swamp June 13. Siege of Petersburg June 16-August 5. Ream's Station June 22. Wilson's Raid on Southside & Dan­ville Railroad June 22-July 1. Nottaway Court House June 23. Staunton River Bridge June 25. Sappony Church, Stony Creek, June 28-29. Ream's Station June 29. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Expedition from Winchester into Faquier and Loudoun Counties November 28-December 3. Expedition to Gordonsville December 19-28. Liberty Mills December 22. Sheridan's Raid from Winchester February 27-March 25, 1865. Occupation of Staunton and action at Waynesboro March 2. Duguids­ville March 8. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Scott's Cross Roads April 2. Tabernacle Church or Beaver Pond Creek April 4. Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox Station April 8.Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Expedition to Danville April 23-29. Moved to Washington, D.C., May. Grand Review May 23. Duty at Washington, D.C., till August. 

 

 

BATTERY "F" 4th ARTILLERY:


Overview:

Arrived at Washington, D.C., April 18, 1861. Moved to Carlisle, Pa., June, 1861. Attached to Stone's Brigade, Patterson's Army, Shenandoah, July, 1861. Artillery, Banks' Division, Shenandoah, to October, 1861. Artillery, Banks' Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, Banks' 5th Corps, to April, 1862, and Dept. of the Shenandoah, to June, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1863, and Army of the Cumberland, to March, 1864. 1st Division, Artillery Reserve, Dept. of the Cumberland, to August, 1865


Service:

Action at Falling Waters July 2, 1861. Operations on the Upper Potomac till March, 1862. Operations about Dams 4 and 5 December 17-20, 1861. Advance on Winchester, Va., March 7-12. Occupation of Winchester March 12. Operations in the Shenandoah Valley April 15-June 17. Actions at Middletown and Newtown May 24. Retreat to Williamsport May 24-26. Battle ofWinchester May 25. Battle of Cedar Mountain, Va., August 9. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Battle of Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. At Maryland Heights till December. March to Fairfax Station December 10-14, and duty there till January 20, 1863. "Mud March" January 20-24. At Stafford Court House till April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Movement to Bridgeport, Ala., September 24-October 3. Guard duty on Nashville & Chattan­ooga Railroad till March, 1864, and duty at Nashville, Tenn., till August, 1865.



 

BATTERY "G" 4th ARTILLERY:

 

Overview:

Organized at Cincinnati, Ohio, and Joined McClellan in West Virginia July, 1861. Attached to 3rd Brigade, Army of Occupation, West Virginia, to September, 1861. Cheat Mountain District, West Virginia, to December, 1861. De­fences of Washington, D. C., to March, 1862. Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Horse Artillery, Artillery Reserve, 5th Army Corps, Potomac, to September, 1862. Artillery Reserve, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to No­vember, 1862. Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1863. 1st Regular Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1863, and Army of the Cumberland to Novem­ber, 1863. Artillery, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to March, 1864. 1st Division, Artillery Reserve, Dept. of the Cumberland, to October, 1864.


Service:

West Virginia Campaign July 6-17, 1861. Moved to Cheat Mountain and duty there till December, 1861. Action at Greenbrier River October 3-4. Blue's Gap January 7, 1862. Moved to Washington, D. C., and duty there till March, 1862. Ordered to the Virginia Pen­insula. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Bottom's Bridge June 28-29. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till August 16. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Alexandria August 16-23. Maryland Cam­paign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. Shepherdstown Ford September 19. Movement to Falmouth, Va., Octo­ber 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancel­lorsville May 1-6. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Movement to Bridgeport, Ala., Septem­ber 24-October 3. Reopening Tennessee River October 26-29. Battles of Chattanooga, Tenn., November 23-25; Bushy Knob Novem­ber 23; Orchard Knob November 23-24; Mission Ridge November 25. Moved to Nashville, Tenn., February, 1864, and post duty the­re till October. Transferred to Battery "I" 4th Artillery October, 1864. Remounted as a Battery at Washington, D.C., February, 1865, and duty in the Defences of that city till August.


 

BATTERY "H" 4th ARTILLERY:

 

Overview:

Arrived at Louisville, Ky., January, 1862. United with Battery "M" February, 1862, to January, 1863. Attached to 5th Division, Army of the Ohio, February to May, 1862. Artillery, 4th Division, Army of the Ohio, to September, 1862. 10th Brigade, 4th Division, 2nd Corps, Army of the Ohio, to November, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, Left Wing 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to Ja­nuary, 1863. Artillery, 2nd Division, 21st Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1863. Artillery, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to March, 1864. 1st Division, Artillery Reserve, Dept. of the Cumberland, to October, 1864. Trans­ferred to Battery "I" 4th Artillery October, 1864.


Service:

Moved to Nashville, Tenn., February 14-25, 1862; thence march to Savannah, Tenn., to reinforce Army of the Tennessee March 20-April 6. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Bridge Creek May 22. Tuscum­bia Creek May 31. Buell's Campaign in North Alabama and Middle Tennessee June to August. March to Louisville, Ky., in pursuit of Bragg August 21-September 22. Pursuit of Bragg to Loudon October 1-22. Battle of Perryville, Ky., October 8. Danville October 11. March to Nashville, Tenn., October 22-November 9, and duty there till December 26. Advance on Murfreesboro Decem­ber 26-30. Battle of Stone's River December 30-31 and January 1-3, 1863. At Murfreesboro till June. Middle Tennessee (or Tullaho­ma) Cam­paign June 23-July 7. Occupation of Middle Tennessee till August 16. Passage of Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee Ri­ver and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Battle of Chickamauga, Ga., September 19-20. Siege of Chattanoo­ga, Tenn., September 24-November 23. Reopening Tennessee River October 26-29. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. De­monstration on Dalton, Ga., February 22-27, 1864. Near Dalton February 23. Tunnel Hill, Buzzard's Roost Gap and Rocky Fa­ced Ridge February 23-25. Reserve Artillery at Nashville, Tenn., till October. Transferred to Battery "I" October, 1864. Reorganized at Washington, D.C., February, 1865, and duty in the Defences of that city till August, 1865.

 


BATTERY "I" 4th ARTILLERY:

 

Overview:

Joined McClellan in West Virginia July, 1861, and served unattached, Army of Occupation, W. Va., to September, 1861. 3rd Brigade, Kanawha Division, West Virginia, to December, 1861. Artillery, 1st Division, Army Ohio, to September, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army Ohio, to November, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, Centre 14th Army Corps, Army Cumberland, to January, 1863. Artillery, 3rd Division, 14th Army Corps, to April, 1864. Garrison Artillery, Nashville, Tenn., Dept. Cumberland, to October, 1864. 1st Division, Artillery Reserve, Army Cumberland, to November, 1864. Artillery, 6th Division, Cavalry Corps, Military Divisi­on Mississippi, to February, 1865. Artillery, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to -----

Service:

Campaign in West Virginia July 6-17, 1861. Rich Mountain July 11-12. Carnifex Ferry September 13. Operations in Kanawha Valley and New River Region October 19-November 16. New River November 5-11-12. Ordered to Kentucky December, 1861. Moved to Nashville, Tenn., February 10-March 2, 1862. March to Savannah, Tenn., March 20-April 8. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Buell's operations on the Memphis & Charleston Railroad in North Alabama and Middle Tennessee June to August, 1862. March to Louisville, Ky., in pursuit of Bragg August 21-September 26. Pursuit of Bragg into Kentucky October 1-15. Battle of Perryville, Ky., October 8. March to Nashville, Tenn., November 4-17. Duty there and at Murfreesboro until June, 1863. Expediti­on to Chapel Hill March 3-6. Expedition toward Columbia March 4-14. Harpeth River near Triune March 8. Action at Franklin June 4. Tullahoma Campaign June 23-July 7. Hoover's Gap June 24-26. Occupation of Middle Tennessee till August 16. Passage of Cum­berland Mountains and Tennessee River and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Battle of Chickamauga Sep­tember 19-21. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 24-November 23. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. At Chattanooga till March, 1864, and garrison Artillery at Nashville till October. Nashville Campaign November-December. Battle of Nashville December 15-16. Spring Hill December 18. Richland Creek December 24. King's Gap near Pulaski December 25. Sugar Creek December 25. Wilson's Raid to Macon, Ga., March 22-April 24, 1865. Near Montevallo March 31. Ebenezer Church near Maysville April 1. Selma April 2. Montgomery April 12. Columbus, Ga., April 16. Capture of Macon April 20.


 

BATTERY "K" 4th ARTILLERY.
 

Overview:

Attached to Artillery Reserve, Army Potomac, August, 1861, to June, 1862. Artillery Reserve, 3rd Army Corps, Army Potomac, to August, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, to May, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 3rd Army Corps, to March, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 2nd Army Corps, to June, 1865. Dept. of Washington, D. C., to August, 1865.

Service:

Moved to Washington, D.C., August, 1861, and duty there till March, 1862. Ordered to the Virginia Peninsula March, 1862. Siege of Yorktown, Va., April 5-May 4. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Oak Grove June 25. Glendale and Brackett's June 30. Malvern Hill July 1 and August 5. Moved to Alexandria August 16-23, and duty there till November. Operations on Orange & Alexandria Railroad November 10-12. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Operations at Rappahannock Bridge and Gro­ve Church February 5-7, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Wapping Heights, Manassas Gap, July 23. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. McLean's Ford, Bull Run, October 15. Advance to the Rappahannock November 7-8. Kelly's Ford November 7. Payne's Farm November 27. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Wilderness May 5-7. Spottsylvania Court House May 8-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 22-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22, 1864. Deep Bottom July 27-29. Strawberry Plains August 14-18. Hatcher's Run October 27-28. Warren's Raid on Weldon Railroad December 7-14. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Watkins' House March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-A­pril 9. Hatcher's Run, Boydton Road, March 30-31. White Oak Road March 31. Sutherland Station April 2. Sailor's Creek April 6. High Bridge April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Washington, D. C, May. Grand Review May 23. Duty in the Defences of Washington till August, 1865.


 

BATTERY "L" 4th ARTILLERY.:

 

Overview:

Stationed at Fortress Monroe, Va., July, 1861. Attached to District Fortress Monroe, Va., Dept. of Virginia, to July, 1862. Artillery Di­vision at Suffolk, Va., 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to April, 1863. Unattached, Artillery, 7th Army Corps, to June, 1863. Artil­lery, 1st Division, 7th Army Corps, to August, 1863. U.S. Forces, Norfolk and Portsmouth, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to December, 1863. U. S. Forces, Yorktown, Va., Dept. Virginia and North Carolina, to April, 1864. Artillery, 1st Division, 18th Army Corps, Army of the James, to June, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 18th Army Corps, to December, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 24th Army Corps, to August, 1865.


Service:

Action at Newport News, Va., between "Monitor" and "Merrimac" March 8, 1862. Duty at Fortress Monroe until July, 1862, and at Suffolk, Va., to July, 1863. Expedition from Suffolk December 1-3, 1862. Franklin on the Blackwater December 2. Expedition to­ward the Blackwater January 8-10, 1863. Siege of Suffolk April 11-May 4. Providence Church Road May 3. Duty at Portsmouth, Va., till December, 1863. Expedition from Portsmouth to Jackson, N. C., July 25-August 3. Moved to Yorktown, Va., December, 1863, and duty there till April, 1864. Wistar's Expedition from Yorktown against Richmond February 6-8, 1864. Expedition into King and Queen County March 9-12. Butler's operations on south side of James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4-28. Port Walthal May 6. Chester Station June 6-7. Swift Creek May 9. Operations against Fort Darling May 12-16. Battle of Drury's Bluff May 14-16. Movement to Cold Harbor May 28-31. Battles about Cold Harbor June 1-12. Assault onPetersburg June 15. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9, 1865. Fall of Petersburg and Richmond April 2-3. Duty in the Dept. of Virginia till August, 1865.


 

BATTERY "M" 4th ARTILLERY.
 

Overview:

January, 1862. Louisville, Ky. (united with Battery "H," February, 1862, to January, 1863), February, 1862. Attached to Artillery, 5th Division, Army Ohio, to May, 1862. Artillery, 4th Division, Army Ohio, to September, 1862. 10th Brigade, 4th Division, 2nd Corps, Army Ohio, to November, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, Left Wing 14th Army Corps, Army Cumberland, to January, 1863. Artillery, 2nd Division, 21st Army Corps, Army Cumberland, to October, 1863. Artillery, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps, to March, 1864. 1st Division, Artillery Reserve, Dept. Cumberland, to October, 1864. Croxton's Cavalry Brigade to November, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 4th Army Corps, to February, 1865. Garrison Artillery, Bridgeport, Ala., to August, 1865.

Service:

Moved to Nashville, Tenn., February 14-25, 1862, thence march to Savannah, Tenn., to reinforce Army Tennessee March 20-April 6. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Bridge Creek near Corinth May 28. Tus­cumbia Creek May 31. Buell's Campaign in North Alabama and Middle Tennessee June to August. March to Louisville, Ky., in pur­suit of Bragg August 21-September 26. Pursuit of Bragg to Loudon, Ky., October 1-22. Battle of Perryville, Ky., October 8. Danville October 11. March to Nashville, Tenn., October 22-November 9, and duty there until December 26. Advance on Murfreesboro De­cember 26-30. Battle of Stone's River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Duty at Murfreesboro till June. Middle Tennes­see or Tullahoma Campaign June 23-July 7. Occupation of Middle Tennessee till August 16. Passage of the Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Battle of Chickamauga, Ga., September 19-20. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 24-November 23. Reopening Tennessee River October 26-29. Battles of Chattanooga No­vember 23-27. At Bridgeport, Ala., to March, 1864, and at Nashville, Tenn., till October, 1864. Attached to Croxton's Cavalry Briga­de till November. Nashville Campaign November-December. Shoal Creek November 4. In front of Columbia November 24-27. Spring Hill November 29. Battle of Franklin November 30. Battle of Nashville December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28. Moved to Huntsville, Ala., and duty there till February, 1865. Garrison Artillery at Bridgeport, Ala., till July.


The 4th Regiment of Artillery lost during service Officers and 87 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 119 Enlisted men by disease. Total 216.

 

 

Literatur:

- Brown, Kent Masterson: Cushing of Gettysburg: The Story of a Union Artillery Commander (Univ. Kentucky 1993)

 

 

Battery B, 4th US Artillery:

während des Bürgerkrieges gehörte die Batterie zur *Iron Brigade. Die Einheit hatte eine lange Vorkriegsgeschichte als Teil der Vor­kriegs-Berufsarmee (s. Darstellung bei Felton, a.a.O., S. 142). Bei Kriegsbeginn war Capt. John *Gibbon Batteriechef; später hatte 1st Lieutenant James *Stewart die Position inne, obwohl General Gibbon während des ganzen Krieges Planstelleninhaber blieb.

 

Die Batterie umfaßte 6 Light 12-Pounder Geschütze (Napoleons) und war 112 Pferden voll beweglich. Im Nov/Dez 1861 umfaßte die Batterie 3 Leutnants und 47 Mann; sie wurde durch 91 Freiwillige aus der 2nd, 6th und 7th Wisconsin Infantry, 19th Indiana und 23rd und 35th New York verstärkt. 1863 waren nur 2 Offiziere, 3 Unteroffiziere und 5 Soldaten Angehörige der Berufsarmee.

 

Batteriechefs waren (ungeachtet der formalen Stelleninhaberschaft Gibbons): Captain John *Gibbon, 1st Lieutenant Joseph Campbell (schwer verwundet bei Antietam), 1st Lieutenant James *Stewart (Batteriechef nach Antietam bis Kriegsende).

 

Teilnahme am Battle of Gettysburg (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 94); die Battery war am 1.7.1863 eingesetzt an der letzten Verteidigungsstellung der Iron Brigade auf Seminary Ridge (vgl. Venner: 19th Indiana Infantry, a.a.O., S. 156n3; *Dudley, William W.: The Iron Brigade at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 12)

 

Einsätze:

Sulphur Springs, Brawner's Farm, 2nd Bull Run, Maryland Campaign, South Mountain, Antietam; Fredericksburg Campaign, Chan­cellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania

 

Literatur:

- Felton, Silas: The Iron Brigade Battery. An Irregular Regular Battery; in Nolan/Vipond, Giants in their Black Hats, a.a.O., S. 142 ff.

 

 

Battery K, 4th US Artillery:

s. Lt Francis W. *Seeley

 

 

5th Regiment, US Artillery (Regular Army):

s. Lt Charles F. *Hazlett; Lt Malbone F. *Watson (Battery I)

 

Overview:

BATTERY "A" 5th ARTILLERY.:

Organized and equipped July, 1861. Attached to Artillery Reserve, Army Potomac, March to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Horse Artille­ry, Artillery Reserve, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to September, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to April, 1863. Artillery, 2nd Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to July, 1863. U.S. Forces, Portsmouth, Va., Dept. Virginia and North Carolina, to April, 1864. Artillery, 1st Division, 18th Army Corps, Army of the James, to June, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 18th Army Corps, to December, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 24th Army Corps, to May, 1864. Dept. of Virginia, to August, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till March, 1862. Mouth of Mattawoman Creek, Md., November 14, 1861. Ordered to the Virginia Peninsula March, 1862. Peninsula Campaign April to August. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Gaines' Mill June 27. Golding's Farm June 28. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till August 16. Moved to Alexandria, Va., August 16-23. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Move­ment to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 17. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Moved to Newport News, Va., February, thence to Suffolk, Va., March. Siege of Suffolk April 11-May 4. Norfleet House April 15. Dix's Peninsula Campaign June 24-July 8. Expedition from White House to South Anna River July 1-7. Duty at Portsmouth, Va., till April, 1864. Butler's operations on south side of the James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4-28. Swift Creek or Arrowfield Church May 9-10. Operations against Fort Darling May 12-16. Battle of Drury's Bluff May 14-16. On Bermuda Hundred front May 16-28. Movement to Cold Harbor May 28-June 1. Battles about Cold Harbor June 1-12. Assaults on Petersburg June 15-18. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Battle of Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30. Occupation of Richmond April 3, 1865. Duty at Richmond and Lynchburg, Va., till August, 1865.



BATTERY "B" 5th ARTILLERY:

Organized November, 1862. Duty at Fort Hamilton, N.Y. Harbor, till June, 1863. Attached to 1st Division, Dept. of the Susquehanna, June-July, 1863. Unattached, Dept. West Virginia, to December, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Dept. West Virginia, to May, 1864. Artillery Brigade, West Virginia, to December, 1864. Reserve Division, West Virginia, to January, 1865. 1st Separate Brigade, 3rd Di­vision, Dept. West Virginia, to April, 1865. Artillery, 2nd Division, West Virginia, to July, 1865. Dept. of Washington, D.C., to

 

Service:

Ordered to Dept. of the Susquehanna June, 1863, thence to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., July, 1863. Duty there and in the Dept. of West Virginia, till April, 1864. Sigel's Expedition from Martinsburg, W. Va., to New Market, Va., April 29-May 15, 1864. Battle of New Market May 15. Hunter's Raid to Lynchburg, Va., May 26-July 1. Lynchburg July 17-18. Catawba Mountains June 21. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Berryville September 3. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty in the Shenandoah Valley and in the Dept. of West Virginia, till July, 1865. At Washington, D.C., till ….



BATTERY "C" 5th ARTILLERY:

Organized September, 1861. Attached to Artillery, McCall's Division, Army Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army Potomac, to April, 1862, and Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to August, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, 3rd Corps, Army Virginia, to September, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army Potomac, to February, 1863. Artillery, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, to May, 1863. 1st Regular Brigade, Artille­ry Reserve, Army Potomac, to July, 1863. Camp Barry, Washington, D. C., 22nd Army Corps, to November, 1863. Consolidated with Battery "I" November, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 2nd Army Corps, Army Potomac, to March, 1865. Artillery Reserve, Army Potomac, to June, 1865. Dept. of Washington, D.C., to …

 

Service:

Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C. till April, 1862. Advance on Falmouth, Va., April 9-19. McDowell's advance on Rich­mond May 25-28. Ordered to the Virginia Peninsula June. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Mechanicsville June 26. Gaines' Mill June 27. Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till August 16. Movement to Fort Monroe, thence to Centreville, Va., August 16-28. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 28-September 2. Battles of Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. South Mountain, Md., September 14. Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth till April. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Pollock's Mill Creek April 29-May 2. Fitz­hugh's Crossing April 29-30. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Draft riots in New York July 3-15. At Camp Barry, Washington, D.C., till November. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12, 1864. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania Court House May 8-21; Po River May 10. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 22-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-29. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Assaults on Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22, 1864. Deep Bottom July 27-29. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Fort Stedman March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Moved to Washington, D.C., May. Grand Review May 23. Duty at Washington, D.C., till ….



BATTERY "D" 5th ARTILLERY, "WEST POINT BATTERY":

Attached to Porter's Division, Army Potomac, October, 1861, to March, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army Potomac, to May, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to May, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 5th Army Corps, to December, 1863. Camp Barry, Washington, D.C., 22nd Army Corps, to March, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 5th Army Corps, to November, 1864. Consolidated with Battery "G" November, 1864. Artillery Reserve, Army Potomac, to June, 1865. Dept. of Washington, D.C., 22nd Army Corps, to ...

 

Service:

Rockville Expedition June 10-July 7, 1861. Duty in the Defences of Washington till March, 1862. Lewinsville, Va., September 11, 1861. Reconnoissance to Lewinsville September 25. Edward's Ferry October 22. Ordered to the Virginia Peninsula March, 1862. Ho­ward's Mills April 4. Warwick Road April 5. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Hanover Court House May 27. Operations about Ha­nover Court House May 27-29. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Mechanicsburg June 26. Gaines Mill June 27. Turkey Bridge June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till August 16. Moved to Fortress Monroe, thence to Alexandria August 16-23. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. Shepherdstown Ford September 19. Recon­noissance to Smithfield, W. Va., October 16-17. Kearneysville and Shepherdstown October 16-17. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., De­cember 12-15. Expedition from Potomac Creek to Richards and Ellis Fords, Rappahannock River, December 29-30. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Camp Barry, Washington, D.C., till March, 1864. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania Court House May 8-21; North Anna River May 22-26. On line of the Pa­munkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Weldon Railroad August 18-21, 1864. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9, 1865. Junction of Quaker and Boydton Roads and Lewis' Farm March 29. White Oak Road March 31. Battle of Five Forks April 1. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Moved to Washington, D.C., May. Grand Review May 23. Duty at Washington, D.C., until …



BATTERY "E" 5th ARTILLERY:

Organized May, 1862, and on duty at Fort Hamilton, N.Y. Harbor, till June, 1863. Ordered to Dept. of the Susquehanna, and duty in Pennsylvania till April, 1864. Ordered to Washington, and attached to 3rd Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army Potomac, to May, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to July, 1864. Artillery Reserve, Army Potomac, to December, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to June, 1865. Dept. of Washington, D.C., to...

 

Service:

Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12, 1864. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Siege of Petersburg June 17, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22, 1864. Fort Fisher, Petersburg, March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9, 1865. Assaults on and fall of Petersburg April 2, 1865. Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Danville April 17-23, and duty there till May. Moved to Richmond, thence to Washington, D.C., May 18-June 3. Corps Review June 8. Duty in the Defences of Washington, D.C., till ….

 


BATTERY "F" 5th ARTILLERY:

Organized September, 1861. Attached to W. F. Smith's Division, Army Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to May, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to May, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 6th Army Corps, to December, 1863. Camp Barry, Washington, D.C., 22nd Army Corps, to July, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 18th Army Corps, Army of the James, to December, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 24th Army Corps, to May, 1865. Dept. of Virginia, to

 

Service:

Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till March, 1862. Moved to the Virginia Peninsula March, 1862. Warwick Road April 5. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Lee's Mills April 16. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Gaines' Mill June 27. White Oak Swamp June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. Moved to Alexandria August 16-23. Maryland Campaign Sep­tember 6-22. South Mountain September 14. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-Novem­ber 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2. Marye's Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-4. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Camp Barry, Defences of Washington, D.C., till July, 1864. Joined 18th Army Corps, Army of the James, before Petersburg, Va. Siege of Petersburg and Richmond, Va., July, 1864, to April, 1865. Battle of Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30, 1864. Chaffin's Farm October 29. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 2, 1865. Fall of Petersburg and Richmond April 2. Duty at Richmond and in Dept. of Virginia, till ….

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e. Sharpshooters:

Die US Sharpshooters standen unter dem Kommando von Col Hiram *Berdan: 1st US Sharpshooters (Berdan’s Sharpshooters); Pho­to bei Längin, a.a.O., S. 125. Es gab folgende Scharfschützenregimenter:

- 1st US Sharpshooter Regiment (zusammengesetzt aus 10 Kompanien aus verschiedenen US-Staaten zu je 100 Mann)

- 2nd US Sharpshooter Regiment (zusammengesetzt aus 10 Kompanien aus verschiedenen US-Staaten zu je 100 Mann)

 

Beide Regimenter wurden von Col. Hiram Berdan als übergeordnetem Kommandeur befehligt (Denton: First Minnesota Sharpshooter Company, a.a.O., S. 3). Das 2nd Regiment hatte als unmittelbar verantwortlicher. Kommandeur Col. Pvt +++prüfen+++ (Denton: First Minnesota Sharpshooter Company, a.a.O., S. 8).

 

On 2.7.1863 Berdan's Sharpshooters with 4 Co's (ca. 100 men) and a additonal 210 men of the 3rd Maine Infantry conducted the re­connaissance west of Emmittsburg in the Pitzer's woods south and west of the Wheatfield, where the Millerstown Road crossed (vgl. Hessler: Sickles at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 124; Marcot: „Berdan's men of theers at Gettysburg,“ in: Gettysburg Magazine 1, 39). Berdan's Sharpshooters met with BrigGen Cad­mus Wilcox Brigade (8th, 10th and 11th Alabama Infantry), which was on the extreme right of the Confederate Ar,y. The spirited fight lasted for probably 20 minutes, the Sharpshooters suffred some 20 casualties (vgl. Hessler: Sickles at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 125).

 

Literatur:

- **Allen, Lewis Y.: "Berdan*s Sharpshooters." National Tribune, 12. August 1886

- **Benson, Susan (Hrsg.): Berry Benson’s Civil War Book. Memoirs of a Confederate Scout and Sharpshooter, Reprint 1992

- **Denton, Paul: The First Minnesota Sharpshooter Company in the Army of the Potomac during the Civil War 1861-1865

- **Marcot, Roy: „Berdan's Sharpshooters at Gettysburg,“ in: Gettysburg Magazine 1 January 1989): 35-40

- **Stevens, Charles A.: Berdan’s US-Sharpshooters in the Army of the Potomac, 1861-1865 (St. Paul Minnesota: Price McGill Compan­y, 1892); 597 pp; Illustrations; Rosters. Originally published in 1892. Nevins calls this "A superb regimental history of one of the North's most famous commands; a professional journalist, Stevens captured drama, color, and excitement."

- **Sword, Wiley: Sharpshooter: Hiram Berdan, His Famous Sharpshooters and their Sharps Rifles (Mowbray Books); 125 pp

 

 

1st US-Sharpshooters (Berdan’s Sharpshooters):

s. LtCol Caspar *Trepp; Captain Rudolf Aschmann, Captain Gardner B. Clark (Co. C); Captain Charles D. *McLean (Co. D); Lt George W. *Sheldon (Co. I); Sergeant A. H. *Cooper (Co. F); Sergeant Pvt Smith *Haight (Co. D); Sergeant Henry *Lye (Co. G); Pvt (?) Lewis *Girichton (Co. I); Pvt (?) Harrison O. *Higby (Co. C); Pvt Simon (Simeon) K. *Roosa (Co. C); Pvt William H. *Woodruff (Co. G)

 

Overview:

Companies "A," "D" and "H" organized at New York City September, 1861; Company "B" at Albany, N.Y., September, 1861; Com­pany "C" in Michigan August 21, 1861; Company "E" in New Hampshire September 9, 1861; Company "F" in Vermont September 13, 1861; Company "G" in Wisconsin September 19, 1861; Company "I" in Michigan March 4, 1862, and Company "K" in Michigan March 30, 1862. Most of regiment concentrated at Weehawken, N.J., September, 1861, and moved to Washington, D.C., September 24-25. Mustered in November 29, 1861. Served Unattached, Army of the Potomac, and Martindale's Brigade, Fitz John Porter's Divi­sion, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Unassigned, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 3rd Bri­gade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, to March, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Di­vision, 3rd Army Corps, to September, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, to December, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till March, 1862. Moved to Fortress Monroe, Va., March 22. Advance on Yorktown April 1-5. Great Bethel and Howard's Bridge April 4. Warwick Road April 5. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Williams­burg May 5. Battle of Hanover Court House May 27. Operations about Hanover Court House April 27-29. Seven days before Rich­mond June 25-July 1. Battles of Mechanicsville June 26. Gaines' Mill June 27. Peach Orchard and Savage Station June 29. Turkey Bridge, White Oak Swamp, June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. Duty at Harrison's Landing till August 15. Movement to Centreville August 15-28. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 28-September 2. Battles of Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of South Mountain September 14. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. Sharpsburg, Shepherd­stown Ford, September 19. Movement to Falmouth October 29-November 17. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Expe­dition from Potomac Creek to Richard's and Ellis' Fords, Rappahannock River, December 29-30. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth till April. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24. Wapping Heights, Va., July 23. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Auburn and Bristoe October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Kelly's Ford November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Payne's Farm November 27. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River May 4-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Po River May 10;Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, "Bloody Angle," May 12. Harris Farm, Fredericksburg Road, May 19. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Hanovertown May 30-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-19. Siege of Petersburg June 16 to December 31, 1864. Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad, June 22-23. Demonstration north of the James July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 28-29. Demonstration north of the James at Deep Bottom August 13-20. Strawberry Plains August 14-18. Poplar Springs Church, Pee­ble's Farm, September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Expedition to Weldon Railroad December 7-12. Company "A" mustered out August 19, Company "D" mustered out August 28, 1864. Veterans and Recruits assigned to Com­panies "I" and "K." Veterans of Company "H" to Company "D" September 15. Regiment consolidated with 2nd Regiment Sharpshoo­ters December 31, 1864. 

 

Regiment lost during service 10 Officers and 143 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 128 Enlisted men by disease. Total 282.

 

Das Regiment war zusammengesetzt aus 10 Kompanien aus verschiedenen US-Staaten zu je 100 Mann.

 

In the Battle of Gettysburg the regiment suffered some 20 casualties (vgl. Hessler: Sickles at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 125).

 

Literatur:

- **Aschmann, Rudolf: Memoirs of a Swiss Officer in the American Civil War: (Three Years in the Army of the Potomac Or A Swiss Company of Sharpshooters in the North American War, University of Michigan, 1972

- **Aschmann, Rudolf: Drei Jahre in der Potomac-Armee; oder, Eine Schweizer Schützen-Compagnie im nordamerikanischen Kriege 
von Rudolf Aschmann, Hauptmann im 1. Vereinigten Staaten Scharfschützen-Regimente. Published 1865

 

 

2nd Regiment, US Sharpshooters (Regular Army):

s. Major Homer R. *Stoughton; Captain Francis *Peteler (Co. A); Captain Abraham *Wright (Co. A); First Sergeant Josiah *Gray (Co. D); First Sergeant Wyman *White (Co. F); Pvt William B. *Greene (Co. G)

 

Overview:

Organized by Companies as follows: Company "A" in Minnesota October 5, 1861; Company "B" in Michigan October 4, 1861; Company "C" in Pennsylvania October 4, 1861; Company "D" in Maine November 2, 1861; Company "E" in Vermont November 9, 1861; Company "F" in New Hampshire November 28, 1861; Company "G" in New Hampshire December 10, 1861; Company "H" in Vermont December 31, 1861. Companies moved to Washington, D.C., and duty in the Defences of that city till April, 1862. Attached to Augur's Brigade, King's 1st Division, McDowell's 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, March to April, 1862. 1st Brigade, King's Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of Virginia, to Septem­ber, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, to September, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Divisi­on, 3rd Army Corps, to March, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, to February, 1865.

 

Service:

Moved to Bristoe Station, Va., April 5-6; thence to Falmouth, Va., April 15-19. Duty at Falmouth till May 25. McDowell's advance on Richmond May 25-29. Operations against Jackson June 1-21. Duty at Falmouth till August. Blackburn's Ford July 19. Recon­noissance to Orange Court House July 24-26. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahan­nock August 21-23. Sulphur Springs August 26. Battles of Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battles of South Mountain September 14; Antietam September 16-17. Camp near Sharpsburg till October 29. Movement to Fal­mouth, Va., October 29-November 17. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth till April. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. Action at Wapping Heights, Va., July 23. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Auburn and Bristoe October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Kelly's Ford November 7. Brandy Stati­on November 8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Payne's Farm November 27. Demonstration on the Rapidan Fe­bruary 6-7, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River May 4-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Po River May 10; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, "Bloody Angle," May 12. Harris Farm, Fredericksburg Road, May 19. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-19. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to February 20, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad, June 22-23, 1864. Demonstration north of the James River July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 28-29. Demonstration north of the James August 13-20. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18. Poplar Springs Church, Peeble's Farm, September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Expedition to Weldon Railroad De­cember 7-12. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Discontinued February 20, 1865. Company "A" transferred to 1st Minnesota Infantry, Company "B" to 5th Michigan Infantry, Company "C" to 105th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company "D" to 17th Maine Infantry, Company "F" to 5th New Hampshire Infantry, Company "G" to 5th New Hampshire Infantry, and Company "H" to 4th Vermont Infantry.


Regiment lost during service 8 Officers and 117 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 123 Enlisted men by disease. Total 250.

 

Kommandeur war Major Homer R. *Stoughton (vgl. Penny / Laine: Struggle for the Round Tops, a.a.O., S. 35).

 

Literatur:

- **Denton, Paul: The First Minnesota Sharpshooter Company in the Army oh the Potomac during the Civil War 1861-1865

- **Early, Gary: The Second United States Sharpshooters in the civil War (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc. 2009)

- **Greene, William B. Letters from a Sharpshooter: The Civil War Letters of Private William B. Greene. Co. G. 2nd United States Sharpshooters (Berdan's) Army of the Potomac, 1861 -1865. Belleville: Historic Pub, 1993.

- **Peteler, Francis. "Narrative of the First Company of Sharpshooters," Minnesota in the Civil War, St. Paul, 1889.

- **Pullen, John J.: „Effects of Markmanship ,“ Gettysburg Magazine (January 1990), issue 2, 57-58

- State of Minnesota, Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars, 1861-1865 St. Paul: Pioneer Press P. 1891-1893. 2 Volumes.

- **Stevens, Charles A., Captain, Berdan's United States Sharpshooters in the Army of the Potomac 1861-1865 (St. Paul: Price-McGill P. 1892)

- **Stevens, Charles A. The Battle of Gettysburg, 1863: from "Sharpshooting and Skirmishing" (by the Berdan Sharpshooters) in the Army of the Potomac. Shakopee: C.A. Stevens, 1890.

- United States Army, Sharpshooters Regiment, 2nd (1861-1865), Company A Records (1861-1865), Official Army Transcripts on Company A, Minnesota Sharpshooters, Minnesota Historical Society, Manuscript # BG4/. U587/2nd A, 3 Volumes.

- United States War Department, US Infantry Tactics. For the Instruction, Exercise. and Maneuvers of the United States Infantry, in­cluding Infantry of the line. Light Infantry, and Riflemen (Philadelphia: Government Printing Office., 1862) 602 pp.

- **Wright, Abraham. History of First Company Sharpshooters of Minnesota. Minneapolis, 1889.

 

 

 

g. Union Veteran Reserve Corps:

 

19th Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps:

s. John *Buehler (Co. A)

 

Overview:

Organized at Washington, D.C., January 12, 1864, by consolidation of the 58th, 72nd, 79th, 85th, 108th, 115th, 194th, 196th, 197th, and 198 Companies, 1st Battalion. Mustered out by detachments July 13 to November 16, 1865.

 

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