Version 17.3.2017

 

Rhode Island:

 

a. allgemeines:

 

 

b. Infantry:

 

1st Regiment Rhode Island Infantry (3 months, 1861):
Overview:
Organized in Rhode Island, April, 1861. Moved to Washington, D. C., April 20 and 24, 1861. Duty at Camp Sprague, Defences of Washington, till July 16. Attached to Burnside's Brigade, Hunter's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, June-July. Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21. Battle of Bull Run July 21. Left Washington for home July 25. Mustered out August 2, 1861.

 

1st Rhode Island Infantry Regiment:

s. Col Ambrose E. *Burnside

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History, Vol. 1: Fort Sumter to Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 173 (Offiziere der 1st Rhode Island zusammen mit Brigadekommandeur Ambrose A. Burnside 1861)

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, a.a.O., S. 144

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History, Vol. 1: Fort Sumter to Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 174 (Soldaten der 1st Rghode Island Infantry in Camp Sprague bei Washington im Sommer 1861)

 

Literatur:

- Woodbury, Augustus: A Narrative of the Campaign of the First Rhode Island, in the Spring and Summer of 1861 (Providence, R. I.: Sidney S. Rider, 1862)

 

 

2nd Regiment Rhode Island Infantry:

s. Col John S. *Slocum; Captain Cyrus *Dyer; Captain William Henry Peck *Steere; Lt. Thomas H. Carr; 2nd Lt William *Ames; Private Elisha Hunt *Rhodes

 

Overview:

Organized at Providence June, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., June 19. Attached to Burnside's Brigade, Hunter's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Couch's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Couch's Bri­gade, Buell's Division, Army Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to October, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps, to March, 1864. 4th Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, to July, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac and Army Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to December, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

At Camp Sprague, Washington, D. C., till July 16, 1861. Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21. Battle of Bull Run July 21. At Camp Sprague and Brightwood, Defences of Washington, till March, 1862. March to Prospect Hill, Va., March 11-15. Embarked at Alexan­dria, Va., for the Peninsula March 26. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Slatersville, New Kent C. H., May 9. Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Oak Grove near Seven Pines June 25. James River Road near Fair Oaks June 29. White Oak Swamp June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till Au­gust 15. Reconnoissance to Turkey Island August 5-6, and to Haxall's Landing August 8-11. Movement to Alexandria August 15-Sep­tember 1, thence march into Maryland September 3-18. At Downsville September 23-October 20. Movement to Stafford C. H., Va., October 20-November 18, and to Belle Plains December 5. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations about Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4. Deep Run Ravine or Franklin's Crossing June 5-13. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-4. Funkstown, Md., July 10-13. At Warrenton, Va., till September. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Brandy Station till May, 1864. Rapidan Campaign May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsyl­vania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Old members left front for muster out June 11. Mustered out June 17, 1864. Before Petersburg June 17-18. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Siege of Petersburg till July 9. Moved to Washington, D. C., July 9-11. Re­pulse of Early's attack on Washington July 11-12. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to December. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Garrison duty at Winchester September 22-December 1. Moved to Petersburg, Va., December 2-6. Siege of Petersburg December, 1864, to April, 1865. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Fort Fisher, Petersburg, March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Expedition to Danville April 23-27. Moved to Washington via Richmond May 20-June 7. Corps Review June 8. Mustered out July 13, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 111 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 74 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 196.

 

Photo:

Milhollen u.a.: Divided we Fought, a.a.O. S.32

 

Literatur:

- Rhodes, Elisha Hunt: All for the Union. The Civil War Diary and Letters of Elisha Hunt Rhodes (Taschenbuchausgabe New York 1992); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik93

- Stone, Edwin W.: Rhode Island in the Rebellion (Providence: George H. Whitney, 1864)

- Woodbury, Augustus: The Second Rhode Island Regiment: a Narrative of Military Operations in Which the Regiment Was Engaged From the Beginning to the End of the War for the Union (Providence: Valpey, Angell & Co., 1875)

 

 

3rd Regiment Rhode Island Infantry:

 

Overview:

"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.

 

 

4th Regiment Rhode Island Infantry:

s. George H. *Allen

 

Overview:

Organized at Providence, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., October 2. At Camp Casey till November 28, and at Camp Califor­nia till December 14. Mustered in October 30, 1861. Attached to Casey's Provisional Division, Army Potomac, October-November, 1861. Howard's Brigade, Sumner's Division, Army of the Potomac, to December, 1861. Parke's 3rd Brigade, Burnside's Expeditiona­ry Corps, to April, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Dept. of North Carolina, to July, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to January, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps, to April, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Getty's Division, at Portsmouth, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to January, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Heckman's Division, Portsmouth, Va., to March, 1864. Norfolk, Va., to April, 1864. District of St. Ma­ry's Point, Lookout, Md., to July, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to October, 1864.

 

Service:

At Edsall's Hill, Defences of Washington, D. C., December 14, 1861, to January 3, 1862. Moved to Annapolis, Md., January 3, 1862. Burnside's Expedition to Hatteras Inlet and Roanoke Island, N. C., January 7-February 8, 1862. Battle of Roanoke Island February 9. Duty at Roanoke Island till March 11. Advance on New Berne March 11-13. Battle of New Berne March 14. Siege of Fort Macon March 23-April 26. Bombardment and capture of Fort Macon April 25-26. Duty at Beaufort and New Berne till July. Moved to New­port News, Va., July 6-8, thence to Fredericksburg August 3-6, and duty there till August 31. Moved to Brook's Station, thence to Wa­shington, D. C., August 31-September 3. Maryland Campaign September-October. Battles of South Mountain September 14, and Antietam September 16-17. Duty in Pleasant Valley, Md., till October 30. Advance to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Batt­le of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Moved to Newport News, Va., February 8, thence to Suffolk March 13. Siege of Suffolk April 12-May 4. Nansemond River May 4. Reconnoissance to the Chickahominy June 9-13. Dix's Peninsula Campaign June 24-July 8. Expedition from White House to South Anna River July 1-7. Duty at Portsmouth till March l, 1864, and at Norfolk till April 1. At Point Lookout, Md., guarding prisoners till July. Ordered to Petersburg, Va., July 16. Siege of Pe­tersburg July to October. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Old members mustered out October 15, 1864. Veterans and Recruits consolidated with 7th Rhode Island Infantry.


Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 68 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 67 Enlisted men by disease. Total 140.

 

Literatur:

- Allen, George H.: Forty-Six Month with the Forth Rhode Island Volunteers (Prividence, R.I.: J. A. and R. A. Reid, 1887)

- Spooner, Henry J.: "The Maryland Campaign with the Forth Rhode Island," Personal Narratives of the Events of the War of the Re­bellion (Rhode Island Soldiers and Sailors Historical Society, Sixth Series, no. 5, Providence, 1903)

 

 

7th Regiment Rhode Island Infantry:

s. Pvt. John Kelly (Co. B); Pvt. Michael R. Kelly (Co. K); Pvt George *Spencer

 

Overview:

Organized at Providence May to September, 1862. Moved to Washington, D. C., September 10-12, 1862. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Casey's Division, Military District of Washington, to October, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to April, 1863; Dept. Ohio to June, 1863, and Army Tennessee to September, 1863. District of North Central Kentucky, 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, Dept. Ohio, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Camp at Capital Hill, Defences of Washington, D. C., till September 16, 1862, and at Arlington Heights. Va., till October 1. Moved to Sandy Hook, Md., October 1. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 27-November 19. Warrenton, Sulphur Springs, November 15. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Moved to Newport News February 9, thence to Le­xington, Ky., March 25-31. Moved to Winchester, thence to Richmond, Ky., April 18. To Paint Creek May 3, and to Lancaster May 10. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., June 4-14. Siege of Vicksburg June 15-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Siege of Jack­son July 10-17. At Milldale till August 8. Moved to Nicholasville, Ky., August 8-18, thence to Lexington September 7, and provost duty there till April, 1864. Moved to Virginia April 2-23. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Battles of the Wilder­ness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21; Stannard's Mill May 21; North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run , October 27-28. Garrison of Fort Sedg­wick November 1, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Fort Stedman March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee to Farmville April 3-9. Moved to Petersburg and City Point, thence to Washington, D. C., April 20-28. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 9, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 85 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 108 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 199.

 

Literatur:

- Spencer, George: Correspondence 1862-64. Soldier in the 7th Rhode Island Infantry. Three letters from Maryland, Rhode Island, and Kentucky, to his mother in Indian Orchard, Massachusetts. Writes that he will send money home, and asks her to buy him a Smith and Wesson Seven Shooter (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide - Manuscript Sources for Ci­vil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries. Ms89-100).

 

 

9th Regiment Rhode Island Infantry:

s. Pvt A. J. *Adams (Co. I)

 

Overview:

Organized at Providence May 26, 1862. Moved to Washington, D. C., by Detachments, May 27 and 29. Duty at Camp Frieze, Tennallytown, till July. Moved to Fairfax Seminary, Va., July 1. Garrison duty in the Defences of Washington till September. Company "A" at Fort Greble, "B" at Fort Meigs, "C" at Fort Ricketts, "D" at Fort Snyder, "E" and "K" at Fort Baker, "F" at Fort Carroll, "G" at Fort Dupont, "H" at Fort Wagner, "I" at Fort Stanton and "L" at Fort Davis. Mustered out September 2, 1862.


Regiment lost 4 by disease.

 

 

10th Regiment Rhode Island Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Providence May 26, 1862. Moved to Washington, D. C., May 27-29. Attached to Sturgis' Command, Military District of Washington. Duty at Camp Frieze, Tennallytown, till June 26. Assigned to garrison duty in the Defences of Washington. Company "A" at Fort Franklin, "B" and "K" at Fort Pennsylvania, "C" at Fort Cameron, "D" at Fort DeRussy. "E" and "I" at Fort Alexander, "F" at Fort Ripley, "G" at Fort Gaines, "H" at Battery Vermond and Battery Martin Scott and "L" near Fort Pennsylvania. Left for home August 25. Mustered out September 1, 1862.


Regiment lost 3 by disease.

 

 

11th Regiment Rhode Island Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Providence and mustered in October 1, 1862. Left State for Washington, D. C., October 6. Attached to Military District of Washington to December, 1862. District of Alexandria, Defences of Washington, and 22nd Army Corps, to April, 1863. 1st Briga­de, 1st Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to July, 1863.

 

Service:

Duty at East Capital Hill, Fort Ethan Allen and Miner's Hill, Defences of Washington, till January 14, 1863. Guard duty at Convale­scent Camp till April 15. Moved to Norfolk, thence to Suffolk April 15-19. Siege of Suffolk April 19-May 4. Siege of Suffolk raised May 4. Expedition to destroy Norfolk & Petersburg Railroad and Seaboard & Roanoke Railroad May 16-27. Expedition to Blackwa­ter June 12-18. Moved to Norfolk June 19, thence to Yorktown, and to Williamsburg June 22. Duty at Williamsburg till June 30. Left Yorktown for home July 2. Mustered out July 13, 1863.


Regiment lost 8 by disease.

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol II, a.a.O., S. 108

 

 

12th Regiment Rhode Island Infantry:

s. Joseph E. *Grant;

 

Overview:

Organized at Providence and mustered in for nine months October 18, 1862. Left State for Washington, D. C., October 21. Attached to 1st Brigade, Casey's Division, Military District of Washington, to December, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Dept. Ohio, to May, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, Dept. Ohio, to July, 1863.

 

Service:

Camp at Arlington Heights and at Fairfax Seminary, Va., Defences of Washington, D. C., till December 1, 1862. March to Falmouth, Va., December 1-8. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Burnside's second Campaign, "Mud March," January 20-24, 1863. Moved to Newport News, Va., February 9, thence to Lexington, Ky., March 25-31. Duty at Lexington, Winchester, Boonsboro, Richmond, Paint Lick and Lancaster, Ky., till April 23. Moved to Crab Orchard April 23, and duty there till June 3. March from Ni­cholasville to Somerset June 3-9. Duty at Stigall's Ferry, Jamestown and guarding fords of the Cumberland River till July 5. Moved to Somerset July 5, thence to Crab Orchard, and started home July 11. Duty at Cincinnati, Ohio, July 15-19. Moved to Providence July 19-22. Mustered out July 29, 1863.


Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 11 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 45 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 59.

 

Literatur:

- Grant, Joseph E.: The Flying Regiment: Journal of the Campaign of the 12th Regt. Rhode Island Volunteers (Providence, R.I.: Sid­ney S. Rider and Brothers, 1865)

 

 

Hospital Guards Rhode Island Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Portsmouth Grove December 6, 1862. Mustered out August 26, 1865.

 

 

 

 

 

c. Cavalry:

 

1st Rhode Island Cavalry:

s. Col Alfred Nattie *Duffie; Chaplain Frederick *Denison

 

Regimentskommandeur Alfred Nattie *Duffie (vgl. Krick, Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 53); im Juli / August 1862 in Pope's neuaufge­stellter Army of Virginia, Cavalry of McDowell's Corps unter dem Kommando von George D. *Bayard; Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 53-54, 59-60, 367, 376)

 

Literatur:

- **Bliss, George N.: Reminiscenses of Service in the First Rhode Island Cavalry (Providence, R. I., 1878)

- **Denison, Frederick: Sabres and Spurs: The First Regiment Rhode Island Cavalry in the Civil war (Central Falls, R. I., 1876)

- **Denison, Frederick: The Battle of Cedar Mountain (Providence, R. I., 1881)

 

 

7th Rhode Island Cavalry Regiment:

 

Das Regiment nahm am 14./15.9.1862 an der Harper‘s Ferry Expedition und den Cavalry Kämpfen zwischen Cole's Cavalry (1st Ma­ryland), 12th Virginia Cavalry, Loudoun Rangers, 7th Rhode Island Cavalry, 12th Illinois Cavalry, 8th New York Cavalry.

 

Literatur:

- Tischler, Allan L: The History of the Harper‘s Fery Expedition, September 14 & 15, 1862 (Five Cedars Press, 1993); 345pp; Map­ped Endpapers; Photos; Fold-Out Maps; Index; Biblio; Notes; Appendices. Detail of cavalry actions at Harpers Ferry between Cole's Cavalry (1st Maryland), 12th Virginia Cavalry, Loudoun

Rangers, 7th Rhode Island Cavalry, 12th Illinois Cavalry, 8th New York Cavalry

 

 

d. Artillery:

 

1st Regiment Rhode Island Light Artillery:

s. Captain George E. *Randolph /Co. ACE)

 

 

Battery A:

s. Captain Lyman G. *Dwight; Pvt Thomas M. *Aldrich (Battery A)

 

Battery A:

Organized at Providence and mustered in June 6, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., June 19. Attached to Burnside's Brigade, Hunter's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Dept. of the Shenandoah to October, 1861. Banks' Divi­sion, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 2nd Army Corps, Army Potomac, to September, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till July 16, 1861. Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21. Battle of Bull Run July 21. Moved to Sandy Hook, Md., July 28. Duty there and at Berlin and Darnestown till September. Moved to Harper's Ferry September 16. Action at Bolivar Heights October 16. At Muddy Branch and Poolesville, Md., till March, 1862. Moved to Washington, thence to Hampton, Va., March 22-April 1. Virginia Peninsula Campaign April to August. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Fair Oaks (Seven Pines) May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Peach Orchard and Savage Station June 29. Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till August 16. Movement to Alexandria August 16-28. March to Fairfax C. H. August 28-31. Cover retreat of Pope's Army from Bull Run to Washington August 31-Septem­ber 1. Maryland Campaign September. Battles of South Mountain, Md., September 14, and Antietam September 16-17. Moved to Harper's Ferry September 22, and duty there till October 30. Reconnoissance to Charlestown October 16-17. Action at Charlestown October 16. Advance up Loudoun Valley and movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 17. Battle of Fredericksburg De­cember 11-15. Duty at Falmouth till April, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-4. Advance from the Rappahan­nock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Bristoe Station October 14. Auburn Heights October 14. Ad­vance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Stevensburg, Va., till May, 1864. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7. Morton's Ford February 6-7. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Po River May 10; Spotsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Shallow Creek May 31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Non-Veterans mustered out June 18, 1864. Siege of Petersburg June 16-September 30. Jerusalem Plank Road June 21-23. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (Reserve). Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18. Ream's Station August 25. Transferred to Battery "B," 1st Rhode Island Artillery, September 30, 1864.


Battery lost during service 1 Officer and 12 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 5 Enlisted men by disease. Total 18.

 

Literatur:

- Aldrich, Thomas M.: History of Battery A, First Regiment Rhode Island Light Artillery in the War to Preserve the Union, 1681-1865 (Providence, R.I.: Snow Farnham, 1904)

- Dwight, Lyman G. (1841-75): Correspondence, 1861-63. Sergeant, then Captain, in the Battery A, 1st Rhode Island Artillery. Three letters written from camps in Maryland and Virginia to "Saint Helena," or Sarah Helen Whitman of Providence, Rhode Island. Writes that the autumnal coloring in the South is very disappointing compared to that in the North and that he was in command of the battery while the captain was in Providence (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide, Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries. Ms89-101).

 

 

Battery B:

Organized at Providence and mustered in August 13, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., August 23. Attached to Stone's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Artillery, Stone's (Sedgwick's) Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 2nd Army Corps, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Camp Stone and along Upper Potomac till February, 1862. Operations on the Potomac October 21-24, 1861. Battle of Ball's Bluff October 21. March to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., February 25-26, 1862, and duty there till March 7. Moved to Charlestown, thence to Berryville March 7-10. Advance toward Winchester March 13-14. Return to Harper's Ferry, thence moved to Washington, D. C., and Hampton, Va., March 22-April 1. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Fair Oaks (Seven Pines) May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Peach Orchard and Savage Station June 29. Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till August 16. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Alexandria and Fairfax C. H. Au­gust 16-31. Cover retreat of Pope's Army from Bull Run to Washington August 31-September 2. Maryland Campaign September. Battles of South Mountain September 14, and Antietam September 16-17. Moved to Harper's Ferry September 22, and duty there till October 30. Reconnoissance to Charlestown October 16-17. Advance up Loudoun Valley and movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 17. Battle of Fredericksburg December 11-15. Duty at Falmouth till April 27, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Church May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-4. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Auburn and Bristoe October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-De­cember 2. At Stevensburg, Va., till May, 1864. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spotsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Pe­tersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18. Ream's Station August 25. Hatcher's Run October 27-28. Hatcher's Run Fe­bruary 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Sailor's Creek April 6. High Bridge and Farm­ville April 7. Appomattox C. H. April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Moved to Washington, D. C., May 2-15. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 13, 1865.


Battery lost during service 1 Officer and 13 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 15 Enlisted men by disease. Total 29.

 

Literatur:

- Rhodes, John H.: The History of Battery ‘B’, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery (Butternut and Blue); 450pp, Photos, Illustrations, Maps, Roster, New Introduction. Originally published in 1894 - Battery "B" served in the 2nd Corps. This outfit saw its first action at Balls Bluff. It accompanied the Union army to the Peninsula and was engaged at Fair Oaks, Savage Station, Glendale and Malvern Hill. Next the battery fought at Antietam and Fredericksburg where it followed the infantry in close support in front of Marye's Heights. At Gettysburg, the battery was part of the artillery that held Cemetery Hill. After Gettysburg, the battery served with dist­inction at Mine Run, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor and Petersburg.

 

 

Battery C:

Organized at Providence and mustered in August 25, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., August 31. Attached to Porter's Divisi­on, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to May. 1863. 3rd Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army Potomac, to June, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to August, 1864, and Army Shenandoah to November, 1864. Camp Barry, 22nd Corps, Dept. Washington, to December, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty at Camp Sprague, Defences of Washington, till October, 1861, and at Hall's and Munson's Hills till March, 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-16. Moved to Alexandria, thence to Fortress Monroe, Va., March 16-23. Action at Howard's Bridge April 4. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Hanover Courthouse May 27. Operations about Hanover C. H. May 27-29. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battles of Mechanicsville June 26; Gaines' Mill June 27; Turkey Bridge and Malvern Cliff June 30; Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till August 16. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Cent­reville August 16-28. Battle of Bull Run August 30. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Shepherdstown September 19. At Sharpsburg till October 30. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth, Va., till April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancel­lorsville May 1-5. Operations at Franklin's Crossing June 5-13. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-4. At Warrenton Va., till Sep­tember 15. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Brandy Station till May, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spotsylvania C. H. May 12-21; North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Peters­burg June 16-July 9. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Moved to Washington. D.C., June 9-11. Repulse of Early's attack on Washington July 11-12. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to November. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Winchester and Kernstown till November, and at Camp Barry, Defences of Washington, till December. Consolidated with Battery "G," 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, December 23, 1864.


Battery lost during service 19 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 8 Enlisted men by disease. Total 27.

 

 

Battery D:

= *Monroe's Rhode Island Battery (vgl. Monroe's Report OR 12 [2] S. 126)

 

Organized at Providence and mustered in September 4, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., September 14. Attached to McDo­well's Division. Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army Potomac, to April, 1862. Artil­lery, 3rd Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of Virginia, to Septem­ber, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army Potomac, to October, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to March, 1863. Artillery, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Dept. of Ohio, to June, 1863. Unassigned, 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, Dept. Ohio, to August, 1863. Artillery Reserve, 23rd Army Corps, Dept. Ohio, to October, 1863. Artillery, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Dept. of Ohio, to April, 1s64. Reserve Artillery, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, Has­kins' Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington, to August, 1864. Reserve Artillery, 19th Army Corps, Army Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to December, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 19th Army Corps, Army Shenandoah, to March, 1865. Artillery Re­serve, Army Shenandoah, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Upton's Hill, Va., Defences of Washington, till March 9, 1862. March to Fairfax C. H. March 9-16, thence to Bristoe March 29, thence to Falmouth. Duty at Falmouth and Fredericksburg till June. McDowell's advance on Richmond May 25-29. Pursuit of Jackson June 2-11. Reconnoissance to Orange C. H. July 24-27. Expedition to Virginia Central Railroad August 5-8. Action at Thorn­burg's Mill or Massaponax Church August 5-6. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Battles of Gainesville August 28; Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30; Chantilly September 1; Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Movement to Fal­mouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Fal­mouth till February 19. Moved to Newport News February 19, thence to Covington, Ky., March 19-29, and to Lexington, Ky. Moved to Camp Nelson, Ky., May 8, and to Cincinnati, Ohio, July 12. To Camp Nelson August 15. Burnside's Campaign in East Tennessee August 16-October 17. March over Cumberland Mountains to Loudon, Tenn., August 16-September 4. March to Blue Springs Octo­ber 7-10. Action at Blue Springs October 10. March to Knoxville, Tenn., October 13-17, thence to Loudon October 20-22, and to Le­noir Station October 28. Knoxville Campaign November 4-December 23. Campbell's Station November 16. Siege of Knoxville No­vember 17-December 4. Repulse of Longstreet's assault on Fort Saunders November 29. Pursuit to Rutledge December 5-14. Opera­tions in East Tennessee till March 20, 1864. Veterans on furlough February and March. Movement to Washington, D. C., March 20-April 7. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Garrison duty at Fort Lincoln, Defences of Washington, D. C., till July. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to December. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, Sep­tember 19. Strasburg September 21. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty in the Shenandoah Valley to July, 1865. Mustered out July 17, 1865.


Battery lost during service 10 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 12 Enlisted men by disease. Total 22.

 

 

Battery E:

 

 

Literatur:

- Butts, Francis B. (Corporal): The Origin and First Campaign of Battery "E", First Rhode Island Light Artillery. Personal Narratives of the Events in the War, ser. 5, no. 2 pp. 1-85 (Providence, Rhode Island, 1896)

 

 

Monroe's Rhode Island Battery:

=Battery D 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery; Batteriechef Captain Albert J. Monroe. Vom 5.-8.8.1862 führte die Division King meh­rere Expeditions nach Frederick's Hall Station, Va. und Spotsylvania Court House, Va, durch (vgl. King's Report, OR 12 [2] S. 121-22). Die Expedition nach Frederick's Hall Court House wurde von der Brigade Gibbon durchgeführt (vgl. King's Report, OR 12 [2] S. 122; Gibbon's Report OR 12 [2] S. 122-23), diejenige nach Spotsylvania Court House von Gen John P. *Hatch (vgl. King's Report, OR 12 [2] S. 122). Ziel von Gibbon's Expedition war die Zerstörung der Virginia Central RR. Bei diesem mit zwei Zangen durchge­führten Vorstoß eingesetzt wurden: an der Spotsylvania Court House Road: die 6th Wisconsin Infantry (Col. Lysander *Cutler), Har­ris Cavalry (2nd New York Cavalry), und eine Abteilung von Gerrish's New Hampshire Battery. Die Abteilung unter der persönlichen Führung Gibbon's, die auf der Telegraph Road vorstieß umfaßte 2nd Wisconsin,7th Wisconsin, 19th Indiana, 3rd Indiana Cavalry und Monroe's Rhode Island Battery (vgl. Gibbons's Report OR 12 [2] S. 122). Hierbei kam es zu wiederholten Feuergefechten bei Thorn­burg, Va. (sog. Affair of Thornburg 5.-6.8.1862), (vgl. Gibbon's Report, a.a.O.; Karte bei Davis Nr. 16.1, 74.1; Monroe's Report OR 12 [2], S. 125-26).

 

Newport Artillery:

bei Ausbruch des Krieges wurde die Milizeinheit am 16.4.1861 alarmiert und nach Washington / DC verschifft, um die Stadt zu ver­teidigen (vgl. Nosworthy: Bloody Crucible, a.a.O., S. 133)

 

 

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