Version 17.3.2017

 

Massachusetts:

 

a. allgemeines:

 

Literatur:

- Headley, Phineas C.: Massachusetts in the Rebellion (Walker Fuller, Boston 1866); 1st Edition; Illustrated with steel engravings; Appendix; Index. Nevins says of this "Heavy on military topics, this remains a good contemporary account of the Bay State's reac­tion to war"

- *Higginson, Thomas Wentworth: Massachusetts in the Army and Navy 1861-1865 (Boston 1896, First Edition), 2 Volume Set

- Schouler, William: A History of Massachusetts in the Civil War (2 Volume Set) (Boston 1868)

 

 

 

b. Infantry:

 

1st Regiment Massachusetts Infantry:

s. Col Robert *Cowdin; LtCol George D. *Wells; Captain William Latham *Chandler; Chaplain Warren H. *Cudworth; Sergeant John T. Robinson (Co. A); Corporal Henry *Evans (Co. A); Musician Charles W. *Bardeen (Co. D); Pvt David H. *Eaton (Co. B); Pvt Orin *Edwards (Co. C); Pvt George *Golden (Co. B); Pvt Jacob *Kesland (Co. B); Pvt James *McNulty (Co. B); Pvt John W. *Parks (Co. A); Pvt Charles C. *Perkins (Co. K); Pvt John *Pettis (Co. A); Pvt George D. *Trim (Co. B)

 

Overview:

Organized at Boston and mustered in Companies "A," "B," "G" and "H" May 23; Companies "D," "F," "K" and "I" May 24; Compa­ny "E" May 25, and Company "C" May 27, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., June 15, arriving June 17. Attached to Richard­son's Brigade, Tyler's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Hooker's Brigade, Division of the Poto­mac, to October, 1861. 1st Brigade, Hooker's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 2nd Army Corps, to May, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty at Camp Banks, Georgeton, D. C., till July 16, 1861. Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21. Occupation of Fairfax Court Hou­se July 17. Battle of Bull Run July 21. At Fort Albany till August 15. Moved to Bladensburg August 15 and duty there till September 7. Expedition to Lower Maryland September 7-October 7. Moved to Posey's Plantation October 25-27. Duty there and at Shipping Point till April 5, 1862. Affair at Mattawoman Creek November 14, 1861. Ordered to Fortress Monroe, Va., April 7, 1862; thence to Yorktown. Siege of Yorktown April 16-May 4. Affair at Yorktown April 26 (Cos. "A," "H" and "I"). Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battles of Oak Grove June 25; Sava­ge Station June 29; White Oak Swamp and Glendale June 30; Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till August 15. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centreville August 15-26. Bristoe Station or Kettle Run August 27. Auburn August 28. Battles of Gro­veton August 29, and Bull Run August 30. Duty in the Defences of Washington till December -. At Fort Lyon till September 13. Near Fairfax Seminary till October 20, and at Munson's Hill till November 1. Duty at Fairfax Station November 2-25. Operations on Orange & Alexandria Railroad November 10-12. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth till April 27. Operations at Rappahannock Bridge and Grove Church February 5-7. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee till July 24. Moved to New York July 30-August 1. Duty at Governor's Island, Ricker's Island and David's Island, New York Harbor, till October 15. Moved to Washington October 15, thence to Union Mills, Va., and rejoin Corps October 17. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Kelly's Ford November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Mine Run November 27. Duty near Brandy Station till May, 1864. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7. Rapidan Campaign May 3-20. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient at Spottsylvania Court House May 12. Harris Farm or Fredericksburg Road May 19. Ordered home for muster out May 20. Veterans and Recruits transfer­red to 11th Massachusetts Infantry May 20. Mustered out May 25, 1864. Expiration of term.

 

Regiment lost during service 8 Officers and 134 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 78 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 221.

 

Literatur:

- Bardeen, Charles W.: A Little Fifer's War Diary (Syracuse: C.W. Bardeen, Publisher, 1910).

- Chandler, William Lantham: Letters, 1861-63. 14 items. Officer in Company A of the 1st Massachusetts Regiment, Army of the Potomac, from Brookline, Massachusetts. Enlisted on May 25, 1861, as a 1st Lieutenant and promoted to Captain and Aide-de-Camp, U.S. Volunteers, when he served on General Joseph Hooker's staff from November 1862 until his resignation from service in May 1863. Collection consists of fourteen letters written by Candler to his uncle Charles (last name unknown) or his brother John W. Candler of Boston, dated from between September 8, 1861, to February 15, 1863. The letters are articulate and descriptive, replete with Candler's strong opinions about the state of the Union, the abilities of the generals (Union and Confederate) who were running the war and the politicians were were running the country, and his own ambitions for advancing in rank and status in the army. Writes descriptively about the Army of the Potomac's participation in the Battle of Mechanicsville (June 1962) and the Battle of Fredericks­burg (December 1862). Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide - Manuscript Sources for Civil War Rese­arch in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 97-007).

- Cudworth, Warren H. (Chaplain, 1st Mass Infantry): History of the First Regiment Massachusetts Infantry from the 25th of May 1861 to the 25th of May 1864 (Boston 1866); 1st Edition; 528 pp, Illustrated, Rosters. Nevins says of this "A combination of re­gimental statistics and personal observations, this useful volume is a reservoir of data on the Eastern campaigns through the summer of 1864

- Perkins, Charles C.: Dairy (vgl. Davis: Battle of Bull Run, a.a.O., S. 281)

- Wells, George D.: Letterbook. East Carolina University Library, Greenville, North Carolina

 

 

2nd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry:

s. Col George Henry *Gordon (24.5.1861); Col William *Cogswell (1863); LtCol und Col George Leonhard *Andrews (13.6.1862); Col Charles Russell Lowell; LtCol Wilder *Dwight; LtCol Charles R. *Mudge; Captain Thomas Rodman *Robeson; Chaplain Alonzo H. *Quint; Sergeant Dexter *Butterfield (Co. H&A); Pvt George A. *Bruce (Co. D); Pvt Al­bert *Fleishmann (Co. ?)

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Andrew, West Roxbury, and mustered in May 25, 1861. Left State for Hagerstown, Md., July 8; thence moved to Williamsport and Martinsburg, Va., July 11-12. Attached to Abercrombie's Brigade, Patterson's Army, July, 1861. Abercrombie's Bri­gade, Banks' Division, Dept. of the Shenandoah, to August, 1861. Gordon's Brigade, Banks' Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Gordon's 3rd Brigade, Williams' 1st Division, Banks' 5th Army Corps, to April, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of the Shenandoah, to June, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Harper's Ferry, W. Va., August to October, 1861. At Conrad's Ferry October 23-24, and picket duty at Seneca Mills till De­cember 4. Duty at Frederick, Md., till February 27, 1862. Reconnoissance to Charleston February 27-28. Occupation of Winchester March 12. Pursuit of Jackson up the Shenandoah Valley March 24-April 27. Strasburg March 27. Woodstock April 1. Edenburg April 1-2. Operations in Shenandoah Valley May 15-June 17. Buckton Station May 23. Retreat to Martinsburg and Williamsport May 23-June 6. Middletown and Newtown May 24. Battle of Winchester May 25. (Rear guard May 24-25.) At Williamsport till June 10. Mo­ved to Front Royal June 10-18, thence to Warrenton and Little Washington July 11-17. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 6-September 2. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Fords of the Rappahannock August 19-23. Guarding trains during battles of Bull Run August 28-30. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Duty at Maryland Heights September 19-October 29. Picket duty at Blackford's Ford and Sharpsburg, Md., till December. March to Fredericksburg December 12-16. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Stafford Court House till April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Germania Ford April 29. Battle of Chancellors­ville May 1-5. Brandy Station and Beverly Ford June 9. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit to Warrenton Junction, Va., July 5-26. Detached duty in New York City August 16 to September 13. Movement to Ste­venson, Ala., September 24-October 3. Guarding Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad at Elkwater Bridge and Tulla­homa till April, 1864. Regiment veteranize December 31, 1863, and Veterans on furlough January 10 to March 1, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 9. Demonstration against Rocky Faced Ridge May 8-11. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Cassville May 19. (Non-Veter­ans left front for muster out May 22, and mustered out at Chattanooga, Tenn., May 25, 1864.) New Hope Church May 25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek, and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-29. Guard trains to Kings­ton and back May 29-June 8. Raccoon Creek June 6. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Mari­etta June 11-14. Gilgal or Golgotha Church June 15. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Muddy Creek June 17. Noyes Creek June 19. Kolb's Farm June 22. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Mills, Smyrna Camp Ground, July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge August 26-Septem­ber 2. Occupati­on of Atlanta September 2-November 15. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Monteith Swamp December 9. Sie­ge of Sav­annah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Thompson's Creek, near Chesterfield, March 2. Thomp­son's Creek, near Cheraw, S. C., March 3. Averysboro, N. C., March 16. Battle of Bentonville March 19-21. Occupa­tion of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 9-13. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of John­ston and his army. March to Washington, D. C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 19. Grand Review May 24. Provost duty at Wa­shington till July. Mustered out July 11, and discharged at Boston, Mass., July 26, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 14 Officers and 176 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 96 Enlisted men by disease. Total 288.

 

Im August 1862 in Bank's Army Corps of Pope's Army of Virginia, A. S. Williams Division, Georg H. Gordon's Brigade; Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 49, 365).

 

Im Oktober war die 2nd Massachusetts Infantry / XII. Army Corps Slocum in Christiana / Süd-Tennessee eingesetzt (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 148).

 

Die 2nd Massachusetts Infantry gehörte in Gettysburg zur 3rd Brigade Thomas H. *Ruger, 1st Division BrigGen Alpheus S. Williams XII Army Corps. Das Regiment war beim Vorstoß von Williams Division am Nachmittag des 1. Juli 1863 beteiligt, der ostwärts von Gettysburg über den Baltimore Pike am Wolf Hill entlang zur Hanover Road führte, beim Versuch den Benner's Hill zu besetzen. Co. F meldete, daß sich auf Benner's Hill CS-Cavalry und CS-Skirmishers befanden (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg 1. July, a.a.O., S. 536).

 

Literatur:

- Andrews, George L.: "The Battle of Cedar Mountain." in: Military Historical Society of Massachusetts (Boston, Mass., 1881-1912), 2:389-440

- **Butterfield, Dexter: A Brief History of the 'Abott Grays" (2nd Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry) (Lowell, Massachusetts, 1911)

- Dwight, Wilder: Life and Letters of Wilder Dwight, Lieutenant Colonel, 2nd Massachusetts Infantry (Boston: Ticknor & Fields, 1868)

- Gordon, George Henry: "History of the Campaign of the Army of Virginia" (Boston, 1889)

- Gordon, George Henry: Brook Farm to Cedar Mountain in the War of the Great Rebellion, 1861-61 (Boston, 1883)

- Gordon, George H: Battle of Cedar Mountain, OR 12 (2), 807-8

- Quint, Alonzo H.: The Record of the Second Massachusetts Infantry (Boston, Mass., 1867) (PDF-Datei in Archiv Ref, Dokumente ameridownload)

 

 

3rd Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry (Militia):

s. Pvt Elisha *Doane (Co. L)

 

Overview:

Left Boston on Steamer "S. R. Spaulding" for Fortress Monroe, Va., April 17, 1861. Arrived April 20, and ordered on board United States Sloop of War "Pawnee" April 20. Moved to Norfolk April 20, and destruction of navy yard April 20. Expedition to Hampton May 13. Fatigue and garrison duty at Fortress Monroe till July 1, and at Hampton till July 16. Ordered home July 16, and mustered out July 22, 1861. Expiration of term.

 

 

4thRegiment, Massachusetts Infantry:

 

 

5th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry (3 months, 1861) (Militia):

s. Captain George O. *Brastow (Co. I); Captain George L. *Prescott (Co. G); Captain David K. Wardwell (Co. F); 1stLt/Adjutant John G. *Chambers (Co. F&S, E); Pvt Edwin C. *Bennet (Co. I)

 

Overview:

Tendered services to the government April 15, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., April 21, and there mustered in for three months May 1. Moved to Alexandria, Va., May 25. Duty at Camp Andrew till July 16. Attached to Franklin's Brigade, Heintzelman's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia. Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21. Battle of Bull Run July 21. Ordered to Bo­ston July 29, and there mustered out August 1, 1861.

 

Lost during service 9 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Enlisted men by disease. Total 11.

 

 

5th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry (9 months, 1862-63):

 

Overview:

Tendered services to government for nine months August 14, 1862. Organized at Camp Lander, Wenham, and mustered in by Com­pany. Company "A" October 8; Companies "B," "D" and "K" September 19; Companies "C," "E," "G," "H" and "I" September 16, and Company "F" September 23, 1862. Moved to Boston October 22, thence on Steamer "Mississippi" to New Berne, N. C., October 22-27, and to Washington, N. C., October 30-31. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of North Carolina, to December, 1862. Lee's Brigade, Dept. of North Carolina, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to June, 1863.

 

Service:

Foster's Expedition to Williamston November 2-12, 1862. Duty at New Berne till December 10. Foster's Expedition to Goldsboro December 11-20. Action at Kinston December 14. Whitehall December 16. Goldsboro December 17. Duty at New Berne till June, 1863. Deep Gully, New Berne, March 13-14. (Co. "G" detached at Forts Hatteras and Clark, Hatteras Inlet, February 21 to June 22, 1863.) (Co. "D" at Plymouth February 21 to May 4.) Operations on the Pamlico April 4-6. Expedition to the relief of Washington April 7-10. Expedition toward Kinston April 27-May 1. Wise's Cross Roads April 28. Demonstration on Kinston May 20-23. Gum Swamp May 22. Moved to Boston June 22-25, and there mustered out July 2, 1863.

 

Lost by disease 16 Enlisted men.

 

 

5th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry (100 days, 1864) (Militia):

 

Overview:

Tendered services to the government for 100 days July, 1864. Left State for Baltimore, Md., July 28, 1864. Camp at Mankln's Woods and garrison duty at Forts McHenry, Marshall, Carroll and other points in and about the Defences of Baltimore till November. Atta­ched to 8th Army Corps, Middle Department. Ordered home November 6. Mustered out November 16, 1864.

 

Lost by disease 9 Enlisted men.

 

 

5th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment:

 

Literatur:

- Roe, Alfred S.: The Fifth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry (Boston 1911)

 

 

6th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment (3 Month 1861) (Militia):

s. Pvt Amos L. *Ames (Co B)

 

Beim Marsch der 6th Massachusetts Infantry zum Schutz von Washington kam es am 19.4.1861 zu bewaffneten Auseinandersetzun­gen in Baltimore, nachdem Bewaffnete das Regiment beschossen. Die 6th Massachusetts Infantry schoß zurück, wobei 12 Zivilisten getötet und Dutzende verwundet wurden (vgl. Nosworthy: Bloody Crucible, a.a.O., S. 132).

 

Overview:

Tendered services to government January 21, 1861. Moved from Lowell to Boston in response to call of the President April 15, 1861. Left Boston for Washington, D. C., April 17 via New York and Philadelphia and to Baltimore April 19. Attacked in streets of Balti­more April 19. Reached Washington April 19 and camp in Capitol Buildings. Moved to Relay House May 5 and to Baltimore May 13, returning to Relay House May 16. Guard railroad till June 13. Duty at Baltimore and Relay House till July 29. Relieved from duty July 29, and mustered out August 2, 1861.

 

Lost 4 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded.

 

 

6th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry (9 months, 1862-63):

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Wilson, Lowell, and mustered in August 31, 1862. Moved to Washington, D. C., September 9-12; thence moved to Suffolk, Va., September 14-15. Attached to Foster's Provisional Brigade, Division at Suffolk, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to April, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to June, 1863.

 

Service:

Duty at Suffolk till May, 1863. Expedition to Western Branch Church October 3-4, 1862. Expedition to Blackwater October 24-26 and November 17-19. Skirmish at Lawrence's Plantation November 17. Expedition to Beaver Dam Church December 1-3. Action on the Blackwater near Franklin December 2. Expedition to Zuni December 11-13. Action at Zuni December 11. Action at Deserted House January 30, 1863. Siege of Suffolk April 12-May 4. Siege of Suffolk raised May 4. Operations on Seaboard & Roanoke Railroad May 12-26. Holland House May 15-16. Moved to Boston May 26-29, and there mustered out June 3, 1863.

 

Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 11 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 18 Enlisted, men by disease. Total 31.

 

 

7th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment:

Col Darius Nash *Couch (15 June 61)

 

 

8th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry (3 months, 1861) Militia:

 

Overview:

One of the first four Regiments to respond to the call after opening of hostilities. Gathered at Boston April 16, 1861. Left State for Washington April 18. Moved from Philadelphia to Annapolis, Md., via Perryville, April 20-21: thence march to Washington, D. C., April 24-26, and duty there till May 15. At Relay House till July 29. Moved to Boston July 29-30, and mustered out August 1, 1861.

 

 

8th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry (9 months, 1862-63):

s. Pvt Edward J. *Atkinson (Co. D)

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Lander, Wenham. Moved to Boston November 25, 1862; thence on steamer "Mississippi" to Morehead City, N. C., November 25-30, and to New Berne November 30. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of North Carolina, to December, 1862. Heckman's Brigade, Dept. of North Carolina, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 5th Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to April, 1863. Jourdan's Independent Brigade, Defences of New Berne, N. C., to June, 1863. 8th Army Corps, Middle De­partment, to July, 1863.

 

Service:

Garrison duty at New Berne till June, 1863. (Cos. "A" and "E" detached as garrison at Roanoke Island, N. C., December 4, 1862, to July 12, 1863.) Companies "G" and "K" garrison Fort Totten till June 24, 1863. Expedition up Currituck Sound against guerrillas and to destroy Salt Works February 1-6, 1863. Companies "B" and "F" detached February 7 for garrison duty at Roanoke Island. Compa­ny "B" ordered to Elizabeth City February 10, and duty there till April 16, when rejoined Regiment. Reconnoissance toward Trenton March 16-17. Expedition to relief of Washington April 7-10. Reconnoissance toward Kinston April 16-21. Duty in the Defences of New Berne, at Fort Totten. Camp Coffin, Fort Thompson and Camp Jourdan till June 24. Moved to Fortress Monroe June 24-27, thence to Baltimore, Md., June 30-July 1. At Camp Bradford till July 6. Moved to Monocacy Junction, thence to Sandy Hook and Maryland Heights July 6-8. Moved to reinforce Army of the Potomac at Funkstown, Md., July 12-13. Movements to Rappahannock July 16-22. Ordered home July 26 and mustered out August 7, 1863.

 

Lost 11 Enlisted men by disease.

 

 

8th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment:

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, a.a.O., S. 149

 

 

8th Unattached Company, Massachusetts Infantry (Militia):

 

Overview:

Organized at Readville and mustered in for 90 days' service May 10, 1864. At Gallop's Island, Boston Harbor, till August. Mustered out August 11, 1864.

 

 

9th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry:

s. Col (Captain Co. F&S) Patrick R. *Guiney; 1stLt and Quartermaster Daniel George *MacNamara

 

Overview:

Organized at Boston June 11, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., June 27. Attached to Sherman's Brigade, Division of the Poto­mac, to October, 1861. Morrell's Brigade, Porter's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty at Arlington Heights and Munson's Hill. Defences of Washington, D. C., till March 10, 1862. Moved to the Peninsula, Virginia, March 16. Skirmish at Howard's Bridge April 4. Warwick Road April 5. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Hanover C. H. May 27. Operations about Hanover C. H. May 27-29. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battle of Mechanicsville June 26. Gaines' Mill June 27. White Oak Swamp and Turkey Bridge June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. Duty at Ball's Bluff till August 16. Move­ment to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centreville August 16-28. Pope's Campaign August 28-September 2. Battles of Manassas August 29. Bull Run August 30. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Blackford's Ford September 19. Shepherdstown, W. Va., Septem­ber 20. Reconnoissance toward Smithville, W. Va., October 16-17. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Expedition to Ri­chard's and Ellis' Fords December 29-30. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run, Campaign November 26-December 2. At Bealeton and guard Orange & Alexan­dria Railroad till April 30, 1864. Bealeton January 14, 1864 (1 Company). Rapidan Campaign May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Laurel Hill May 8. Spottsylvania May 8-12. Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient at Spottsylvania C. H. May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Jericho Mills May 24. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-10. Left front June 10 and ordered home for muster out. Mustered out June 21, 1864.

 

Regiment lost during service 15 Officers and 194 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 66 Enlisted men by disease. Total 278.

 

Literatur:

- Guiney, Patrick R.: Commanding Boston's Irish Ninth: The Civil War Letters of Colonel Patrick R. Guiney, Ninth Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. Edited by Christian G. Samito (New York: Fordham University Press, 1998)

- *MacNamara, David George: History of the 9th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry (Boston 1899) (Archiv Ref, ameridownl­oad

 

 

10th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Springfield June 21, 1861. Moved to Washington, D. C., July 25-28. Attached to Couch's Brigade, Division of the Poto­mac, to October, 1861. Couch's Brigade, Buell's (Keyes') Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps, to October, 1862. 2nd Briga­de, 3rd Division, 6th Army (Corps, to January, 1864. 4th Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, to July, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty at Kalorama Heights and Camp Brightwood, Defences of Washington, D. C., till March, 1862. March to Prospect Hill, Va., March 11-15. Embarked at Alexandria for the Peninsula, Virginia, March 25. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Oak Grove, near Seven Pines, June 25. White Oak Swamp June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Ball's Bluff till August 16. Reconnoissance to Turkey Island August 5-6, and to Haxall's Landing August 8-11. Movement to Alexandria August 16-September 1, thence march into Maryland September 3-18. Battle of Antietam September 18. At Downsville September 18-October 20. Movement to Stafford C. H. October 20-November 18, and to Belle Plains December 5. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Cam­paign April 27-May 6. Operations at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4. Franklin's Crossing June 6-7. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-4. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Brandy Station till May 1, 1864. Recon­noissance to Madison C. H. February 27-March 2. Rapidan Campaign May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Spottsylvania May 8-12. Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient at Spottsylvania C. H. May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey June 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 17-19. Ordered home for muster out June 19. Mustered out July 6, 1864.

 

Regiment lost during service 10 Officers and 124 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 55 Enlisted men by disease. Total 190.

 

Das Regiment gehörte zur Darius N. *Brigade Couch, bestehend aus 2nd Rhode Island (das Regiment v. Elisha Hunt Rhodes), 7th und 10th Mass, 36th New York (vgl. Rhodes, Elisha Hunt:: All for the Union, a.a.O., S. 33).

 

Literatur:

- Roe, Alfred S.: The Tenth Regiment Massachusetts Infantry 1861-1864 (Springfield 1909); 535 pp; Photos; Rosters; Index

 

 

11th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry Regiment:

s. Captain Henry N. *Blake (Co. K); Surgeon Dr. Luther V. Bell (Co. F&S); Dr. Ira *Russel

 

Overview:

Organized at Readville and mustered in June 13, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., June 24. Attached to Franklin's Brigade, Heintzelman's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Hooker's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. 1st Brigade, Hooker's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1864. 4th Briga­de, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, to June, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21, 1861. Battle of Bull Run July 21. Moved to Bladensburg August 10, thence to Budd's Ferry October 27. Duty in that vicinity till April, 1862. Ordered to Fortress Monroe, Va., April 7. Siege of Yorktown, Va., April 16-May 4. Affair at Yorktown April 26 (Cos. "A" and "G"). Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, May 31-June 1. Se­ven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Oak Grove, near Fair Oaks, June 25. Savage Station June 29. White Oak Swamp and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1 and August 5. At Ball's Bluff till August 15. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centre­ville August 15-26. Bristoe Station August 26-27. Kettle Run, August 27. Auburn August 28. Groveton August 29. Bull Run August 30. Chantilly September 1. Camp near Fort Lyon till September 13, and near Fairfax Seminary till October 20. At Munson's Hill till November. At Fairfax Station November 2-25. Operations on Orange & Alexandria R. R. November 10-12. Rappahannock Cam­paign December, 1862, to June, 1863. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Operations at Rappahannock Bridge and Grove Church February 5-7. At Falmouth till April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-4. Wapping Heights July 23. Moved to New York July 30-August 1, and duty there till October. Rejoin Corps at Manassas Junction October 17. Advance to the Rappahannock November 7-8. Kelly's Ford November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Mine Run November 27. Duty near Brandy Station till May, 1864. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7. Rapidan Campaign May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Spottsylvania May 8-12. Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient at Spottsylvania C. H. May 12. Harris Farm, Fredericksburg Road, May 19. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. (Old members left front June 12. Mustered out June 24, 1864.) Veterans and Recruits consolidated to a Battalion of 5 Companies June 12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864. Demonstration on north side of the James July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Mine Explosion, Pe­tersburg, July 30 (Reserve). Demonstration on north side of the James River August 13-20. Strawberry Plains August 14-18. Peeble's Farm, Poplar Grove Church, September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. In front of Fort Morton November 5. Expedition to Weldon Railroad December 7-11. Watkin's House March 25, 1865. Appomattox C. H. March 28-April 9. Crow's House March 31. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Sailor's Creek April 6. High Bridge and Cumberland Church April 7. Appo­mattox C. H. April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Burkesville April 11-13, and duty there till May 2. March to Washingt­on, D. C., May 2-15. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 14, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 11 Officers and 153 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 95 Enlisted men by disease. Total 261.

 

Im Battle of 1sr Bull Run war neben dem 5th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry das 11th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry eingesetzt. Bei Feuereröffnung hielt dieses Regiment keine Feuerdisziplin und schoß nicht kompanieweise im Wechsel (jeweils eine Kompanie in der Feuerlinie), sondern 'en masse', wodurch viele eigene Soldaten getroffen wurden. Um die Disziplin im 11th Regiment Massa­chusetts Infantry wieder herzustellen, schritt u.a. Lt Chambers vom 5th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry ein, wodurch es gelang die Disziplin wieder herzustellen (vgl. Bennett: Musket and Sword, a.a.O., S.17).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Blake, Henry N.: Three Years in the Army of the Potomac (Boston: Lee and Shepard, 1865).

 

 

12th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (Webster Regiment):

s. LtCol (Captain Co. E) Benjamin F. *Cook

 

Literatur:

- Cook, Benjamin F.: History of the Twelfth Mass. Vols. (Webster's Reg't) (Boston: Twelfth Regiment Association, 1882)

 

 

12th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Fort Warren and mustered in June 26, 1861. Moved to Sandy Hook, Md., July 23-27. Attached to George H. Thomas' Brigade, Dept. of the Shenandoah, to October, 1861. Abercrombie's Brigade, Banks' Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Williams' 1st Division, Banks' 5th Army Corps and Dept. of the Shenandoah, to May, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to November, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to May, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, to July, 1864.

 

Service:

Operations on the Upper Potomac August, 1861, to February, 1862. Operations opposite Edward's Ferry October 21-24, 1861. Opera­tions in the Shenandoah Valley March 24-April 27. Strasburg March 27. Edenburg April 1-2. Rappahannock Crossing April 18. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Rappahannock Station August 20-23. Thoroughfare Gap August 28. Bull Run August 30. Chantilly September 1. Maryland Campaign September-October. Battles of South Mountain September 14, and Antietam September 16-17. Duty at Sharpsburg till October 30. Movement to Warrenton, thence to Fal­mouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth and Belle Plain, Va., till April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Pollock's Mill Creek April 29-May 2. Fitzhugh's Crossing April 29-30. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Picket duty on the Rapidan till October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June, 1864. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsyl­vania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Jericho Ford May 23. Line of the Pa­munkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. White Oak Swamp June 13. Befo­re Petersburg June 16-18. Ordered home for muster out June 25. Mustered out July 8, 1864.

 

Regiment lost during service 18 Officers and 175 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 83 Enlisted men by disease. Total 276.

 

 

13th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry:

s. Pvt Charles E. *Leland (Co. B); Charles E. *Davis; Sergeant Austin C. *Stearns (K)

 

Overview:

Organized at Fort Independence June 16, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., July 30. Attached to Stile's Brigade, Banks' Divisi­on, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Abercrombie's Brigade, Banks' Division, to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Banks' 5th Army Corps and Dept. of the Shenandoah, to May, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, to March, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, to July, 1864.

 

Service:

Patrol and outpost duty on the Upper Potomac till March, 1862. Action at Beller's Mill, near Harper's Ferry, W. Va., September 2, 1861. Pritchard's Mills September 18 (2 Cos.). Bolivar Heights, near Harper's Ferry, October 16. (Cos, "C," "D," "I" and "K" deta­ched at Hancock, Md., January 5-30, 1862.) Operations in the Shenandoah Valley March and April. Occupation of Winchester, Va., March 12. Pursuit of Jackson up the Valley March 24-April 27. Guard duty on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad May 3-18. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Thoroughfare Gap August 28. Battle of Bull Run August 30. Chantilly September 1. Maryland Campaign September-October. Battles of South Mountain September 14, and Antietam September 16-17. At Sharpsburg till October 30. Movement to Warrenton, thence to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth and Belle Plain till April 27. Chan­cellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Pollock's Mill Creek April 29-May 2. Fitzhugh's Crossing April 29-30. Battle of Chancellorsville May 2-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Picket duty along the Rapidan till October --. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign Novem­ber 26-December 2. Duty on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad till April, 1864. Demonstrations on the Rapidan February 6-7. Cam­paign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Jericho Ford May 23. Line of the Pamunkey June 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. White Oak Swamp June 13. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16-July 14. Mustered out August 1, 1864.

 

Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 117 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 40 Enlisted men by disease. Total 161.

 

Literatur:

- Davis, Charles E., Jr.: Three Years in the Army. Story of the 13th Massachusetts Volunteers (Estes and Lauriat, Boston 1894, First Edition). Nevins says of this "Five diaries and numerous official sources formed the basis for this highly regarded history of a unit that served in the Army of the Potomac until its disbandment in the summer of 1864.

- Stearns, Austin C.: Three Years with Company K (Rutherford, N.J., 1976).

 

 

15th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment:

s. Col. Charles *Devens jr. (1861); Pvt Roland E. *Bowen (Co. B)

 

Battle of Ball's Bluff (Farwell, Ball's Bluff, a.a.O., S. 70 f.).

 

Literatur:

- Bowen, Roland E. (15th Mass Infantry): From Ball‘s Bluff to Gettysburg and Beyond: The Civil War Letters of Private Roland E. Bowen, 1861-1864 (Thomas Publications, Gettysburg); edited by Gregory A. Coco. Bowen participated in nearly every encampment and battle of the Army of the Potomac. 64 letters document his experiences with the 15th Mass; 268pp

- Ford, Andrew E.: The Story of the Fifteenth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry in the Civil War, 1861-1864 Clinton, Mass 1898, 1st Edition), Rosters, Index, Fold-Out Maps

 

 

16th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment:

s. Chaplain Arthur B. *Fuller, Pvt Albert P. Ames (Co. C)

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Cameron, Cambridge, June 29, 1861. Left State for Old Point Comfort, Va., August 17. Attached to Fortress Monroe, Dept. of Virginia, to May, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of Virginia, to June, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 2nd Army Corps, to May, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Di­vision, 2nd Army Corps, to July, 1864.

 

Service:

Garrison duty at Fortress Monroe, Va., September 1, 1862, to May 8, 1862. Occupation of Norfolk May 10. Moved to Suffolk May 17, and joined Army of the Potomac at Fair Oaks June 13. Nine Mile Road, near Richmond, June 18. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Oak Grove, near Fair Oaks, June 25. White Oak Swamp and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1 and August 5. Duty at Ball's Bluff till August 15. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centreville August 15-26. Bristoe Station, Kettle Run, August 27. Battles of Manassas August 29; Bull Run August 30; Chantilly September 1. Duty at Fort Lyon and at Fairfax Station, Defences of Washington, till October 30, and at Munson's Hill till November 2. At Fairfax station till November 25. Operations on Orange & Alexandria Railroad November 10-12. Rappahannock Campaign December, 1862, to June, 1863. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth till April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Wapping Heights, Va., July 23. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to the Rappahannock November 7-8. Kelly's Ford November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Mine Run November 27. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Duty near Brandy Station till May, 1864. Rapidan Campaign May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, Spottsylvania Court House, May 12. Harris' Farm, Fredericksburg Road, May 19. North Anna River May 23-26. Ox Ford May 23-24. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16-July 11. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Left front for muster out July 11. Veterans and Recruits transferred to the 11th Massachusetts Infantry. Mustered out July 27, 1864.

 

Regiment lost during service 16 Officers and 134 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 93 Enlisted men by disease. Total 245.

 

Literatur:

- Small, Abner R.: The Road to Richmond: The Civil War Memoirs of Major Abner R. Small of the 16th Maine Volunteers; ed. Ha­rold A. Small (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1939)

 

 

17th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment:

s. Pvt Charles *Ames (Co. K, A), Pvt Thomas *Kirwan

 

Overview:

Organized at Lynnfield July 22, 1861. Left State for Baltimore, Md., August 23. Attached to Dix's Command, Baltimore, Md., to March, 1862. Foster's 1st Brigade, Burnside's Expeditionary Corps, to April, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of North Caroli­na, to December, 1862. Amory's Brigade, Dept. of North Carolina, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to July, 1863. Defences of New Berne, N. C., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to July, 1864. Sub-Dis­trict of Beaufort, N. C., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to January, 1865. Sub-District of Beaufort, N. C., Dept. of North Caro­lina, to March, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, District of Beaufort, N. C., Dept. of North Carolina, to March, 1865. 1st Brigade, Division District of Beaufort, to April, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 23rd Army Corps, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Baltimore, Md., till March, 1862. Ordered to New Berne, N. C., March 12, and duty there till December. Reconnoissance to­ward Trenton May 15-16. Trenton Bridge May 15. Trenton and Pollocksville Road May 22 (Co. "I"). Expedition to Trenton and Pol­locksville July 24-28. Demonstration on New Berne November 11. Foster's Expedition to Goldsboro December 11-20. Kinston De­cember 14. Whitehall December 16. Goldsboro December 17. Provost duty at and near New Berne till April, 1863. March to relief of Washington, N. C., April 7-10. Blount's Creek April 9. Expedition to Washington April 17-19. Expedition toward Kinston April 27-May 1. Wise's Cross Roads and Dover Road April 28. Expedition to Thenton July 4-8. Quaker Bridge July 6. Raid on Weldon July 25-August 1. Duty at New Berne till February, 1864. Operations about New Berne against Whiting January 18-February 10, 1864. Skirmishes at Beech Creek and Batchelor's Creek February 1-3. Expedition to Washington April 18-22. Washington April 27-28. Duty at New Berne and vicinity till July 27, and at Newport Barracks till September 23. Veterans on furlough till November 10. Duty at Newport Barracks November 20, 1864, to March 4, 1865. Moved to Core Creek. Battle of Wise's Fork March 8-10, 1865. Occupa­tion of Kinston March 15. Occupation of Goldsboro March 21. Advance on Raleigh April 9-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Duty at Greensboro May 5-July 11. Mustered out at Greensboro, N. C., July 11, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 21 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 147 Enlisted men by disease. Total 172.

 

Literatur:

- Kirwan, Thomas (Pvt, 17th Mass Vols): Memorial History of the Seventeenth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry in the Ci­vil War from 1861-1865 (Salem, 1911, 1st Edition)

 

 

17th Unattached Company, Massachusetts Infantry:

 

Overview:

"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.

 

 

18th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Readville and Boston and mustered in August 27, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., August 28. Attached to Fort Corcoran, Defences of Washington, to October, 1861. Martindale's Brigade, Porter's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, to October, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty at Fort Corcoran, Defences of Washington, D. C., till September 26, 1861, and at Hall's Hill, Va., till March 10, 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-16, 1862. Moved to Alexandria, thence to Fortress Monroe March 16-23. Recon­noissance to Great Be­thel March 27. Warwick Road April 5. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Hanover Court House May 27. Operations about Hanover Court House May 27-29. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Operations about White House Landing June 26-July 2. At Ball's Bluff till August 15. Retreat from the Peninsula and movement to Cent­reville August 15-28. Battle of Bull Run August 30. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Shepherdstown Ford Septem­ber 19. Shepherdstown, W. Va., September 20. At Sharps­burg till October 30. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-No­vember 19. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. Expedition to Richards and Ellis Fords December 29-30. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Duty at Falmouth till April 27. Chancellorsville Cam­paign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Ashby's Gap June 21. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Williamsport, Md., July 14. At Warrenton and Beverly Ford July 27 to September 17, and at Culpeper till Oc­tober 11. Bristoe Campaign October 11-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At and near Brandy Station and Stevensburg till May, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Jericho Ford May 23. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Peters­burg June 16 to October 21. Weldon Railroad June 21-23. Old members left front July 20 and mustered out September 2, 1864. Veter­ans and Recruits consolidated to a Battalion. Poplar Springs' Church, Peeble's Farm, September 30-October 2. Consolidated with 32nd Massachusetts Infantry October 21, 1864.

 

Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 114 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 127 Enlisted men by disease. Total 252.

 

 

19th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry:

s. Captain John G. *Adams; Captain H. G. *Weymouth Lt. Edgar M. *Newcomb

 

Overview:

Organized at Lynnfield August 28, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., August 30. Attached to Lander's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Lander's Brigade, Stone's (Sedgwick's) Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Camp at Meridian Hill till September 12, 1861. Moved to Poolesville, Md., September 12-15. Guard duty on the Upper Potomac till December. Operations on the Potomac October 21-24. Action at Ball's Bluff October 21. Moved to Muddy Run December 4, and duty there till March 12, 1862. Moved to Harper's Ferry, thence to Charlestown and Berryville March 12-15. Ordered to Washington, D. C., March 24, and to the Peninsula. March 27. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. West Point May 7-8. Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Oak Grove, near Fair Oaks, June 25. Sappony Church and Sava­ge Station June 29. White Oak Swamp and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. Ball's Bluff July 8. At Ball's Bluff till August 15. Movement to Alexandria August 15-28, thence to Fairfax C. H. August 28-31. Cover Pope's retreat from Bull Run August 31-Sep­tember 1. Maryland Campaign September-October. Battle of South Mountain September 14 (Reserve). Battle of Antietam September 16-17. Moved to Harper's Ferry September 22, and duty there till October 30. Advance up Loudon Valley and movement to Fal­mouth, Va., October 30-November 17. Battle of Fredericksburg December 11-15. (Forlorn hope to cross Rappahannock at Frede­ricksburg December 11.) Duty at Falmouth, Va., till April, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Maryes' Heights, Frede­ricksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 2-4. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Bristoe Station October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Robertson's Tavern, or Locust Grove, November 27. At Stevensburg till May, 1864. Demonstration on the Rapidan River February 6-7. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Laurel Hill May 8. Spottsylvania May 8-12. Po River May 10. Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864. Demonstration north of the James July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18.Ream's Station August 25. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, Fe­bruary 5-7, 1865. Watkin's House March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Crow's House March 31. Fall of Peters­burg April 2.Sailor's Creek April 6. High Bridge and Cumberland Church April 7. Appomattox C. H. April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. At Burkesville till May 2. March to Washington May 2-13. Grand Review May 23. Duty at Washington till June 30. Muste­red out June 30 and discharged July 22, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 14 Officers and 147 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 133 Enlisted men by disease. Total 294.

 

One of Fox's Fighting 300, this unit saw fighting in virtually all the major campaigns and battles, fighting at Manassas, Shiloh, South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Petersburg and Appomattox.

 

Edmund L. *Dana befehligt die Aufklärung der 19th und 20th Massachusetts auf Winn’s Mill /Virginia Halbinsel (Virginia-Halbinsel Campaign April 1862; vgl. Adams: 19th Massachusetts, a.a.O., S. 15; Karte bei Davis Nr. 17.1).

 

Medal of Honor: Insgesamt erhielten 7 Soldaten des des Regiments die Medal of Honor. John G. *Adams erhielt für seinen Einsatz als damaliger 2nd Lt die Medal of Honor für seinen Einsatz be Fredericks­burg am 13.12.1862.

 

Literatur:

- Adams, John G. B.: Reminiscenses of the 19th Massachusetts Regiment (Boston 1899) (PDF-Datei in Archiv Ref, Dokumente ame­ridownload)

1899 war noch keine Regimentsgeschichte erschienen, wie Adams ausdrücklich betont (Anm. erst 1906 erschien die Regimentsge­schichte von Ernest L. Waitt - History of the 19th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry; Hale Guards (S. 4); West Newbury 1st Battalion of Rifles, an old militia company mit drei Kompanien davon Comp. A unter Maj. Ben. Perley Poore, Poore's Savages; Aus­bildung und Drill der Milizeinheit (S. 4); Col. Lyman Dyke (17th Massachusetts); Boston Tiger Fire Zouaves; Col. Hincks (S. 5); in Baltimore Befürchtungen auf Wiederho­lung von Übergriffen wie drei Monate zuvor während der Unruhen, das Depot weist noch Spuren der Beschießung vom 19.4.1861 auf (S. 7); Bestrafungs-Methoden (Kopf in ein Faß stecken; schweres Holz tragen); Drill und Ausbildung: Company and Battalion Movements (S. 7); Camp Benton /Maryland (S. 9); Lander's Brigade +++ bestehend aus 20th Massachusetts, 7th Michigan, 42nd New York (Tammany Regiment), Captain Saunders's Company of Sharpshooters, Captain Vaughn's Rhode Island Battery (S. 9); Mo­natsverdienst eines Soldaten: 13 $ (S. 9); Edward's Ferry / Maryland (S. 9; Karte bei Davis Nr. 7.1); Aufklärungstätigkeit bei Harri­son's Island im Oktober 1861 (S. 9; Karte bei Davis Nr. 7.1); Battles of Ball's Bluff (21.10.1861) and Edward's Ferry (S. 9); Tod von General Lander im Scharmützel von Edward's Ferry (21.10.1861; S. 11). März 1862 nach Harper's Ferry (S. 14; Karte b. Davis Nr. 27.1, 29.1, 42.1); Bolivar Heights (Karte Davis Nr. 42.1) oberhalb Harper's Ferry (S. 14); 24.3.1862 nach Washington; 26.3.1862 Schiffstransport nach Fort Monroe; Schiffstransport-Probleme (S. 14); Alkohol und Al­kohol-Mißbrauch (S. 15); Point Lookout (S. 15); Karte bei Davis 16.1; Hampton (S. 15); Virginia-Halbinsel; Karte bei Davis Nr. 18.1); Halbinsel Campaign (S. 15); General Mc­Clellan ist bei der Truppe sehr angesehen (S. 15); Yorktown; Köche und ihre Stellung in der Truppe (S. 15); Reconnaissance nach Winn's Mill (S. 15); Karte bei Davis Nr. 17.1) unter General *Dana; hoher Krankenstand der Truppe (S. 15/16); Belagerung von Yorktown (S. 16; Mai 1862); Räumung von Yorktown (4.5.1862, S. 16); West Point / Virginia Halbinsel; Davis Karte Nr. 17.1; S. 16); Telegraph (menschlicher T. /Postenkette, S. 16); Batt­le of Fair Oaks / Seven Pines (31.5.-1.6.1862, S. 16, leider völlig nichtssa­gende Beschreibung); Tompkin's Rhode Island Battery (S. 18); Seven Days Battle (26.6.-1.7.1862) of Peach Orchard.

- Newcomb, Edgar M.; ed. A. B. Weymouth: A Memorial Sketch of Lieut. Edgar M. Newcomb of the Nineteenth Mass. Vols

- **Purcell, Hugh D.: „The Nineteenth Massachusetts Regiment at Gettysburg.“ Essex Institute Historical Collections (October 1963), 277-288

- Waitt, Ernest L.: History of the Nineteenth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 1861-1865 (Butternut and Blue Reprint of Scarce 1906 title); 368pp, Complete Rosters, Index. One of Fox's Fighting 300, this unit saw fighting in virtually all the major cam­paigns and battles, fighting at Manassas, Shiloh, South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilder­ness, Spotsylvania, Petersburg and Appomattox (PDF-Datei in Archiv Ref, Dokumente ameridownload: 19th Massauchsetts Infantry [2])

 

 

20th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry:

Col. William R. *Lee (Farwell, Bull's Bluff, a.a.O., S. 43, 49); LtCol (seit 19.7.1861) und Col (seit 24.1.1863) Francis Winthrop *Palfrey; Major Henry Livermore *Abbott, Lt. Henry *Ropes; Pvt Albert *Horstmann (CO. ICK)

 

Overview:

Organized at Readville August 29 to September 4, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., September 4. Attached to Ladder's Briga­de, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Lander's Brigade, Stone's (Sedgwick's) Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Moved to Poolesville, Md., September 12-15, 1861. Guard duty along Upper Potomac till December. Operations on the Potomac Oc­tober 21-24. Action at Ball's Bluff October 21. Near Edwards' Ferry October 22. Moved to Muddy Branch December 4, and duty the­re till March 12, 1862. Moved to Harper's Ferry, thence to Charlestown and Berryville, March 12-15. Ordered to Washington, D. C., March 24, and to the Peninsula March 27. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. West Point May 7-8. Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Oak Grove, near Fair Oaks, June 25. Sappony Church and Savage Sta­tion July 29. White Oak Swamp and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1 and August 5. At Ball's Bluff till August 15. Movement to Alexandria August 15-28, thence march to Fairfax C. H. August 28-31. Cover retreat of Pope's army from Bull Run August 31-Sep­tember 1. Maryland Campaign September-October. South Mountain, Md., September 14 (Reserve). Battle of Antietam September 16-17. Moved to Harper's Ferry September 22, and duty there till October 30. Reconnoissance to Charlestown October 16-17. Ad­vance up Loudon Valley and movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 17. Battles of Fredericksburg December 11-15. (Forlorn hope to cross Rappahannock December 11.) Duty at Falmouth till April. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Ma­ryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 2-4. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Bristoe Station October 14. Ad­vance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. At Stevensburg till May. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Laurel Hill May 8. Spottsylvania May 8-12. Po River May 10. Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864. Demonstration north of the Ja­mes July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18. Ream's Station August 25. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Watkins' House March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Crow's House March 31. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Sailor's Creek April 6. High Bridge and Cumber­land Church April 7. Appomattox C. H. April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. At Burkesville till May 2. March to Wa­shington, D. C., May 2-15. Grand Review May 23. Duty at Washington till July 15. Mustered out July 16 and discharged July 28, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 17 Officers and 243 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 148 Enlisted men by disease. Total 409.

 

Battle of Ball's Bluff (Farwell, Ball's Bluff, a.a.O., S. 67 f.).

 

Edmund L. *Dana befehligt die Aufklärung der 19th und 20th Massachusetts auf Winn’s Mill /Virginia Halbinsel bei der Virgi­nia-Halbinsel Campaign April 1862; (vgl. Adams: 19th Massachusetts, a.a.O., S. 15; Karte bei Davis Nr. 17.1).

 

Literatur:

- Abbott, Henry Livermore: Fallen Leaves: Rhe Civil War Letters of Major Henry Livermore Abbott, ed. Robert Garth Scott (Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1991)

- Bruce, George A.: The Twentieth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry (Cambridge: Houghton-Mifflin & Company, 1906) (Archiv Ref PDF-Datei)

 

 

21st Regiment Massachusetts Infantry Regiment:

Captain Charles E. *Walcott; Pvt William P. *Hall (Co. E); Pvt George A. *Hitchcock (Co. A)

 

Overview:

Organized at Worcester July 19 to August 19, 1861. Moved to Baltimore, Md., August 23-25; thence to Annapolis, Md., August 29; and duty there till January 6, 1862. Attached to Reno's 2nd Brigade, Burnside's Expeditionary Corps, to April, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Dept. of North Carolina, to July, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Dept. of the Ohio, to June, 1863. Unassigned, 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, Dept. of the Ohio, to October, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Dept. of the Ohio, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, to October, 1864.

 

Service:

Burnside's Expedition to Hatteras Inlet January 6-February 7, 1862. Battle of Roanoke Island February 8. At Roanoke Island till March 11. Moved to New Berne March 11-13. Battle of New Berne March 14. Expedition to Elizabeth City April 17-19. Battle of South Mills, South Mills, April 19. Duty at New Berne till July 6. Expedition to Pollocksville to relief of 2nd Maryland, May 17. Mo­ved to Newport News, Va, July 6-9; thence to Fredericksburg August 2-4. March to relief of Gen. Pope August 12-15. Pope's Cam­paign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Battles of Manassas August 29. Bull Run August 30, and Chantilly September 1. Maryland Campaign September-October. Battles of South Mountain September 14, and Antietam September 16-17. At Pleasant Val­ley, Md., till October 27. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 27-November 17. Warrenton, Sulphur Springs, November 15. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24. 1863. At Falmouth till February 19. Moved to Newport News, Va., and duty there till March 26. Moved to Covington, Ky., March 26-April 1. At Paris, Ky. April 1-5. At Mt. Sterling till July 6, and at Camp Nelson till September 12. March to Knoxville September 12-20. Operations in East Tennessee October 22-November 4. Knox­ville Campaign November 4-December 23. Campbell's Station December 16. Siege of Knoxville November 17-December 4. Pursuit of Longstreet December 5-29. Re-enlisted December 29. Veterans absent on furlough January to March, 1864. Moved to Annapolis, Md., and join 9th Army Corps. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Spottsylvania May 8-12. Ny River May 10. Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. North Anna May 24. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16-October 21. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30. Non-Veterans left front August 18 and mustered out August 30, 1864. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Springs Church, Peeble's Farm, September 29-October 2. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 36th Massachusetts Infantry October 21, 1864.

 

Regiment lost during service 11 Officers and 148 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 89 Enlisted men by disease. Total 250.

 

Literatur:

- Hitchcock, George A. (21st Massachusetts Infantry): From Ashby to Andersonville (Savas Publishing), 256 pp; Photos; Illustrati­ons; Maps. The Civil War Journal of George A. Hitchcock of the 21st Massachusetts Infantry. Edited by Ronald Watson. Foreword by Ed Bearss. This is the journal of an enlisted member of the unit and provides insights into camp life, battles, picket duty, skirmishing and prison life at Andersonville.

- Walcott, Charles E. (Capt, 21st Mass): History of the Twentyfirst Massachusetts Volunteers in the War for the Preservation of the Union 1861-1865 (Boston 1882, 1st Edition)

- Walcott, Charles E. (Captain 21st Massachusetts Infantry): "The Battle of Chantilly," The Virginia Campaign of 1862 under General Pope, ed. Theodore F. Dwight, Papers of the Military Historical Society of Massachusetts, II (Boston, 1895)

 

 

21st Unattached Company, Massachusetts Infantry (100 days, 1864) (Militia):

 

Overview:

Organized at Readville and mustered in for 100 days August 11, 1864. Stationed at Long's Point, Provincetown. Mustered out No­vember 18, 1864. Reorganized at Fall River, Mass., for one year, and mustered in November 23, 1864. Stationed at Provincetown. Mustered out June 28, 1865.

 

 

22nd Massachusetts Infantry Regiment:

s. Col Henry *Wilson; Col Jesse A. *Gove; Col Charles E. *Griswold; Col. William S. *Tilton; LtCol (1stLt und Adjutant; später BrigGen) Thomas *Sherwin; Major Mason W. *Burt (zuvor Captain Co. C); Captain (Sergeant) Joseph H. *Baxter (Co. G&H); Cap­tain Edwin C. *Bennett (Co. G,E,K); Captain (zuvor Lt. und Kompanieführer Co. G) Frederick K. *Field (Co. B); Captain David K. *Wardwell (Co. B); Lt und Quartermas­ter Eugene *Carter; Lt (Corporal) John C. Gaffney (Co. F&G); Sergeant Philip Wenzell (Co. E); Sergeant James Wright (Co. E); Pvt Robert Goldthwaite *Carter; Pvt George H. *Ladd (Co. G); Pvt William *Mulhern (Co. K); Pvt Oliver H. P. *Sargent (Co. G)

 

Overview:

Organized at Lynnfield September 4 to October 6, 1861. Moved to Washington, D. C., October 8-11. Attached to Martindale's Briga­de, Porter's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, to October, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty at Hall's Hill, Va. Defences of Washington till March, 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-16. Moved to Alexandria, thence to Fortress Monroe, Va., March 16-23. Warwick Road April 5. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Hanover C. H. May 27. Operations about Hanover C. H. May 27-29. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Mechanicsville June 26. Gaines' Mill June 27. White Oak Swamp and Turkey Bridge June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Ball's Bluff till August 15. Retreat from the Peninsula and movement to Centreville August 15-28. Battle of Bull Run August 30. Battle of Antietam (vgl. Bennett: Musket and Sword, a.a.O., S. 92 ff.), Md., September 16-17. Shepherdstown September 19. At Sharpsburg till October 30. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Expedition to Richards' and Ellis' Fords December 29-30. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth till April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 2-4. At Warrenton and Beverly Ford till September 17. At Culpeper till October 11. Bristoe Campaign October 11-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Sta­tion November 7. Mine Run Campaign No­vember 26-December 2. At Beverly Ford till May, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Laurel Hill May 8. Spottsylvania May 8-12. Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Har­bor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16 to August 8. Relieved August 8 and guard duty at City Point till October 5. Mustered out October 17, 1864.

 

Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 207 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 102 Enlisted men by disease. Total 319.

 

The 22nd Mass was raised through the efforts of Senator Henry *Wilson. It met its first trial by fire at Yorktown. Later the regiment suffered tremendous casualties at Gaines' Mill. This regiment, part of the 5th Corps, was engaged at Malvern Hill, Shepherdstown, Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. At Gettysburg, the 22nd Mass and the 2nd Company Mass Sharpshooters, were engaged in the wheatfield, near the Rose woods. In 1864 the regiment served at Spotsylvania and the Wilderness, losing a large portion of its rank and file. Due to its heavy losses throughout the war, this regiment earned the distinction of being one of Fox's "Fighting 300" Union regiments.

 

Am 30.6.1862 kommandierte Sergeant Baxter die Co. G, 22nd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry, auf dem Rückzug bei Malvern Hill, nachdem der Kompaniechef bei Malvern Hill in Kriegsgefangenschaft geraten war und die Kompanie keinen 1stLt hatte. Das ganze Regiment wies nur eine Stärke von 300 Mann (vgl. Bennett: Musket and Sword, a.a.O., S. 65-66).

 

Literatur:

- Parker, John L. and Robert G. Carter: History of the Twenty-Second Massachusetts Infantry and the Third Light Battery in the War of the Rebellion (Boston 1887O) (PDF-Datei in Archiv Ref, Dokumente ameridownload)

- Parker, John L.: Henry Wilson’s Regiment (22nd Mass), the 2nd Company Sharpshooters and the 3rd Light Battery (Butternut and

Blue); 700 pp; Illustrated; New Introduction; Roster; Index. Originally published in 1887, the 22nd Mass was raised through the ef­forts of Senator Henry Wilson. It met its first trial by fire at Yorktown. Later the regiment suffered tremendous casualties at Gaines' Mill. This regiment, part of the 5th Corps, was engaged at Malvern Hill, Shepherdstown, Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. At Gettysburg, the 22nd Mass and the 2nd Company Mass Sharpshooters, were engaged in the wheatfield, near the Rose woods. In 1864 the regiment served at Spotsylvania and the Wilderness, losing a large portion of its rank and file. Due to its heavy losses throughout the war, this regiment earned the distinction of being one of Fox's "Fighting 300" Union regiments. Includes information on 2nd Company Mass Sharpshooters

 

 

23rd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry:

s. Pvt Frederick M. *Osborne (Co. F)

 

Overview:

Organized September 28, 1861. Left State for Annapolis, Md., November 11, and duty there till January 6, 1862. Attached to Foster's 1st Brigade, Burnside's Expeditionary Corps, to April, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of North Carolina, to December, 1862. Heckman's Brigade, Dept. of North Carolina, to January, 1868. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to February, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of the South, to April, 1863. District of Beaufort, N. C., Dept. or North Carolina, to July, 1863. Defences of New Berne, N. C., Dept, of Virginia and North Carolina, to October, 1863. Heckman's Command, Newport News, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to January, 1864. 3rd Brigade, United States Forces, Ports­mouth, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to September, 1864. Defences of New Berne, N. C., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to February, 1865. 1st Bri­gade, 1st Division, District of Beaufort, N. C., Dept. of North Carolina, to March, 1865. District of Beaufort, Dept. of North Carolina, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Burnside's Expedition to Hatteras Inlet and Roanoke Island, N. C., January 6-February 7, 1862. Battle of Roanoke Island February 8. On transports off Roanoke Island till March 11. Moved to New Berne, N. C., March 11-13. Battle of New Berne March 14. Duty at New Berne till April 11, and at Batchelor's Creek till May 4. Batchelor's Creek April 29. Provost duty at New Berne, N. C., till No­vember 22. Expedition from New Berne November 2-12. Action at Rawle's Mill November 2 (Cos. "B," "C," "D," "G" and "I"). De­monstration on New Berne November 11. Picket and outpost duty in vicinity of New Berne till December 10. Foster's Expedition to Goldsboro December 11-20. Southwest Creek December 13-14. Kinston December 14. Whitehall December 16. Goldsboro Decem­ber 17. Moved to Carolina City January 13, 1863; thence to Morehead City and Hilton Head, S. C., January 19-February 2. Camp at St. Helena Island, S. C., February 11-April 3. Expedition against Charleston April 3-10. Moved to New Berne April 12-16. March to relief of Little Washington April 17-19. Moved to Carolina City, N. C., April 25, and duty there till July 2. (Co. "D" detached at Fort Spinola June 26). Reconnoissance toward Swansboro June 27 (Co. "H"). Expedition to Trenton and Pollocksville July 4-8 (Cos. "C," "G," "H" and "K"). Action at Quaker Bridge July 6 (Cos. "A," "B," "E," "F" and "I"). Ordered to New Berne July 2, and duty in the Defences of the city till October 16. Expedition from Newport Barracks to Cedar Point July 13-16. Moved to Newport News, Va., October 16-18, and duty there till January 22, 1864. Moved to Portsmouth, Va., January 22. Duty there and at Getty's Station, on Nor­folk & Suffolk Railroad, till April 26. Demonstration on Portsmouth March 1-5. Expedition to Isle of Wight County April 13-15. Ac­tion at Smithfield, Cherry Grove, April 14. Moved to Yorktown April 26. Butler's operations on south side of James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4-28. Port Walthal Junction, Chester Station, May 6-7. Swift's Creek, Swift Creek, May 9-10. Opera­tions against Fort Darling May 12-16. Drury's Bluff May 14-16. Bermuda Hundred May 16-28. Moved to White House, thence to Cold Harbor, May 28-June 1. Battles about Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 15-18. Siege of Petersburg June 15-Sep­tember 4. Mine Explosion July 30 (Reserve). Duty in the trenches at Bermuda Hundred Va., August 25-September 4. Moved to New Berne, N. C., September 4-10. Picket, guard and patrol duty there till March 3, 1865. Affair at Currituck Bridge September 9 (De­tachment). Non-Veterans mustered out September 28, 1864. Movements on Goldsboro March 3-14. Southwest Creek March 7. Battle of Wise's Fork March 8-10. Occupation of Kinston March 14, and duty there till May 2. Moved to New Berne May 2, and duty there till June 25. Mustered out June 25, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 80 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 132 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 218.

 

Literatur:

- Osborne, Frederick M. (23rd Mass): Private Osborne, Massachusetts 23rd Volunteers: Burnside Expedition, Roanoke Island, Se­cond Front Against Richmond (McFarland Publishing); 296pp; Biblio; Index; Maps; Photos

 

 

24th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry:

s. Lt. Albert *Ordway; Corporal Lorenzo Doane (Co. I)

 

Overview:

Organized at Readville September to December, 1861. Left State for Annapolis, Md., December 9, 1861. Attached to Foyer's 1st Bri­gade, Burnside's Expeditionary Corps. to April, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of North Carolina, to January, 1863. 2nd Bri­gade, 4th Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of the South, to April, 1863. Stevenson's Brigade, Seabrook Island, S. C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. of the South, to July, 1863. 1st Bri­gade, 1st Division, Morris Island, S. C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. of the South, July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Morris Island, S. C., 10th Army Corps, to September, 1863. St. Augustine, Fla., Dept. of the South, to February, 1864. Jacksonville, Fla., Dept. of the South, February, 1864. 1st Brigade, Hodges' Division, District of Florida, Dept. of the South, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to May, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps, to December, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 24th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to July, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 24th Army Corps, to August, 1865. Dept. of Virginia to January, 1866.

 

Service:

Burnside's Expedition to Hatteras Inlet and Roanoke Island, N. C., January 6-February 7, 1862. Battles of Roanoke Island February 8. Expedition to Columbia March 8-9, and to New Berne, N. C., March 11-13. Battle of New Berne March 14. Guard, picket and out­post duty at New Berne till January 22, 1863. Reconnoissance toward Beaufort and Expedition to Washington March 20-21, 1862. Company "A" ordered to Washington May 1, and Company "C" to same point May 12. Action at Tranter's Creek June 5. Action at Washington September 6. Expedition from New Berne November 2-12. Rawle's Mills November 2. Demonstration on New Berne November 11. Foster's Expedition to Goldsboro December 11-20. Kinston December 14. Whitehall December 16. Goldsboro Decem­ber 17. Moved from New Berne to Hilton Head, S. C., January 22-31, 1863; thence to St. Helena Island, S. C., February 9, and duty there till March 27. Moved to Seabrook Island, S. C., March 27-28, and duty there till July 6. Expedition to and operations on James Island, S. C., July 9-16. Battle of Secessionville July 16. Assault on Fort Wagner, Morris Island, S. C., July 18. (Cos. "C," "E," "F" and "I" remained at Seabrook Island till July 16.) Siege of Fort Wagner and Charleston Harbor, Morris Island, July 18-September 7. Assault on Rifle Pits August 26. Capture of Forts Wagner and Gregg September 7. Moved to St. Augustine, Fla., September 30-Octo­ber 4, and duty there till February, 1864. Reconnoissance to St. Johns River November 7-9, 1863. Skirmish near St. Augustine De­cember 30 (Detachment). Veterans on furlough February to April, 1864. Non-Veterans moved to Jacksonville, Fla., February 18, and Provost duty there till April 24. Moved to Gloucester Point, Va., April 24-May 1. Butler operations on south side of James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4-28. Port Walthal Junction, Chester Station, May 7. Swift Creek May 9-10. Operations against Fort Darling May 12-16. Drewry's Bluff May 15-16. Bermuda Hundred line May 16-June 20. Port Walthal June 16-17. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. At Deep Bottom June to August, 1864. Demonstration north of James July 27-28. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18. Before Petersburg August 28-September 26. Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30. Darbytown and Deep Bottom October 7. Reconnoissance on Darbytown Road Octo­ber 13. Non-Veterans mustered out December 4, 1864. Duty at Four-Mile Church before Richmond till December 18, and at Bermu­da Hundred till April 8, 1865. Guard duty at Richmond, Va., till January, 1866. Mustered out January 20, 1866.

 

Regiment lost during service 7 Officers and 90 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 122 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 220.

 

Literatur:

- Roe, Alfred S.: The Twenty-Fourth Regiment Massachusetts Infantry 1861-1866 (Worcester 1907); 573 pp, Photos, Rosters, Index

 

 

25th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry:

s. Pvt Byron *Doane (Co. I&A)

 

Overview:

Organized at Worcester September 1 to October 31, 1861. Moved to Annapolis, Md., October 31-November 1, and duty there till Ja­nuary 7, 1862. Attached to Foster's 1st Brigade, Burnside's Expeditionary Corps, to April, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of North Carolina, to December, 1862. Lee's Brigade, Dept. of North Carolina, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Defences of New Berne, N. C., Dept. of North Carolina, to August, 1863. District of the Pamlico, N. C., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to September, 1863. Defences of New Berne, N. C., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to October, 1863. Heckman's Brigade, Newport News, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Ca­rolina, to January, 1864. Unattached, United States Forces, Portsmouth, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, United States Forces, Portsmouth, Va., to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to September, 1864. Defences of New Berne, N. C., District of North Carolina, Dept. of Virginia and North Ca­rolina, to March, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, District of Beaufort, N. C., Dept. of North Carolina, to March, 1865. 2nd Brigade Division, District of Beaufort, N, C., Dept. of North Carolina, to April, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Burnside's Expedition to Hatteras Inlet and Roanoke Island, N. C., January 7-February 7, 1862. Battle of Roanoke Island February 8. Expedition to New Berne March 11-13. Battle of New Berne March 14. Provost duty at New Berne till May 9. Reconnoissance to­ward Trenton May 15-16. Trenton Bridge May 15. Picket and outpost duty till July. Expedition to Trenton and Pollocksville July 24-28. Guard, picket and outpost duty at New Berne till December 10. Demonstration on New Berne November 11. Foster's Expedition to Goldsboro December 10-20. Kinston December 14. Whitehall December 16. Goldsboro December 17. Duty at New Berne till Oc­tober, 1863. Demonstration on Kinston March 6-8. Core Creek March 7. Skirmishes at Deep Gully, New Berne, March 13-14. De­monstration on Kinston May 20-23. Gum Swamp May 22. Expedition to Swift Creek July 17-20, and to Winton July 25-31. Moved to Newport News October 16-18 and duty there till January 22, 1864. Moved to Portsmouth January 22, 1864, and duty in the De­fences of that city till April 26. Moved to Yorktown April 26. Butler's operations on south side of the James and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4-28. Occupation of City Point and Bermuda Hundred May 5. Port Walthal, Chester Station, May 6-7. Swift Creek or Arrowfield Church May 9-10. Operations against Fort Darling May 12-16. Drury's Bluff May 14-16. Bermuda Hundred front May 17-28. Moved to White House, thence to Cold Harbor May 28-June 1. Battles about Cold Harbor June 1-12; before Peters­burg June 15-18. Siege of Petersburg and Richmond June 16 to September 4. In trenches at Bermuda Hundred August 25-Sep­tember 4. Moved to New Berne, N. C., September 4-10, and duty there till March, 1865. Non-Veterans ordered home October 5, 1864, and mustered out October 20, 1864. Demonstration from New Berne on Kinston December 9-13, 1864. Operations against Goldsboro, N. C., March 3-21. Battle of Wise's Fork March 8-10. Occupation of Kinston March 14. Moved to Goldsboro March 22-23, and duty there till April 3. Advance on Raleigh April 9-13. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Moved to Greensboro May 3-7, thence to Charlot­te May 12-13, and duty there till July 13. Moved to Readville, Mass., July 13-21. Mustered out July 28, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 7 Officers and 154 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 169 Enlisted men by disease. Total 330.

 

Literatur:

- **Day, D. L.: My Diary of Rambles with the 25th Mass Volunteer Infantry with Burnside's Coast Division, 18th Army Corps, and Army of the James (Milford, Mass 1884); 153 pp; Nevins calls this "A ful and illuminating diary, with many insights and much phi­losophizing."

 

 

26th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Cameron, Cambridge, August 28, 1861. Moved to Camp Chase, Lowell, September 23, and to Boston November 19. Sailed on Steamer "Constitution" to Ship Island, Miss., November 21, arriving there December 3. Duty at Ship Island till April 15, 1862. Attached to Ship Island Expedition to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Dept. of the Gulf, to October, 1862. Defences of New Or­leans, Dept. of the Gulf, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept, of the Gulf, to July, 1863. 2nd Briga­de, 3rd Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to February, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to July, 1864, and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to January, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, to April, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Provisional Division, Army of the Shenandoah, to April, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of Washington, 22nd Army Corps, to June, 1865. Dept. of the South to August, 1865.

 

Service:

Occupation of Ship Island, Miss., December 3, 1861, to April 15, 1862. Skirmish at Mississippi City March 8, 1862. Movement to the passes of the Mississippi River April 15-18. Operations against Forts St. Phillip and Jackson April 18-28. Occupation of Forts St. Phillip and Jackson April 28 to July --. Moved to New Orleans, La., and duty there till June 20, 1863. Expedition to Pass Manchac and Ponchatoula September 13-15, 1862 (1 Co.). Ponchatoula September 14-15 (1 Co.). Moved to LaFourche Crossing June 20, 1863. Action at LaFourche Crossing, Thibodeaux, June 20-21. Moved to Bontee Station June 26, and to Jefferson Station June 30. Moved to New Orleans July 15, and Provost duty there till August 28. Moved to Baton Rouge August 28-29. Sabine Pass Texas Ex­pedition, September 4-11. At Algiers till September 16. Moved to Brashear City and Berwick City September 16, and to Camp Bis­land September 23. Western Louisiana "Teche" Campaign October 3-November 30. At New Iberia till January 7, 1864. Moved to Franklin January 7-9 and duty there till February 24. Moved to New Orleans February 24-25 and duty there till March 22. (Veterans on leave March 22 to May 20.) Camp at Carrollton till June 8. Moved to Morganza June 8 and duty there till July 3. Moved to New Orleans July 3-4, thence to Fortress Monroe and Bermuda Hundred, Va., July 11-21. On the Bermuda Hundred front July 22-28. De­monstration on north side of the James July 28-30. Deep Bottom July 28-29. Moved to Washington, D. C., July 30-August 1; thence to Tennallytown August 1. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to December. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Non-Veterans left front October 19 and mustered out November 7, 1864. Provost duty at Headquarters of Middle Military Division and Army of the Shenandoah at Winchester, till May 1, 1865. Moved to Washington, D. C., May 1-2, and camp there till June 3. Moved to Savannah, Ga., June 3-7, and Provost duty there till August 2. Mustered out August 26, 1865. Moved to Boston, Mass., September 12-18, and there discharged from service.

 

Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 61 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 182 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 249.

 

 

27th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry:

s. Pvt Andrew J. *Ames (Co K); Pvt Almond *Lard (Co. I)

 

Overview:

Organized at Springfield and mustered in September 20, 1861. Moved to Annapolis, Md., November 2-5, and duty there till January 6, 1862. Attached to Foster's 1st Brigade, Burnside's Expeditionary Corps, to April, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of North Carolina, to July, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of North Carolina, to November, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of North Carolina, to December, 1862. Lee's Brigade, Dept. of North Carolina, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Defences of New Berne, N. C., to October, 1863. Heckman's Brigade, Newport News, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to January, 1864. Unattached, United States Forces, Portsmouth, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, United States Forces, Portsmouth, Va., to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to September, 1864. District of Beaufort, N. C., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to January, 1865. Sub-District, New Berne, N. C., Dept. of North Carolina, to March, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, District of Beaufort, Dept. of North Carolina, to March, 1865. District of New Berne, N. C., Dept. of North Carolina, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Burnside's Expedition to Hatteras Inlet and Roanoke Island, N. C., January 7-February 7, 1862. Battle of Roanoke Island February 8. Moved to New Berne March 11-13. Battle of New Berne March 14. Duty at New Berne till May; at Batchelor's Creek till June 1, and at New Berne till September 22. Expedition to Trenton and Pollocksville July 24-28. Expedition on Neuse River Road July 28 (Cos. "D," "G" and "H"). Companies "A," "C" and "I" at Washington N. C., and five Companies at Newport Barracks September 9 to Octo­ber 30. Expedition from New Berne November 2-12. Kinston Road November 11. Foster's Expedition to Goldsboro December 11-20. Kinston December 14. Whitehall December 16. Goldsboro December 17. Moved to Washington, N. C., January 4-5 1863, and duty there till April 24. Near Washington February 13. (Cos. "G" and "H" detached for duty at Plymouth January 27 to May 8, then rejoined Regiment at New Berne.) Demonstration on Plymouth March 10-13. Siege of Little Washington March 30-April 20. Rod­man's Point April 4-5 (2 Cos.). Moved to New Berne April 24. Expedition toward Kinston April 27-May 1. Dover Road and Wise's Cross Roads April 28. Demonstration on Kinston May 20-23. Gum Swamp May 22. Provost duty at New Berne June 5 to October 1. Expedition to Trenton July 4-8. Quaker Bridge July 6. Expedition to Swift Creek July 17-20 and to Winton July 25-30. Moved to New­port News, Va., October 16-18, thence to Norfolk November 18 and Provost duty there till March 22, 1864. Companies "A," "D" and "K" at Portsmouth, and "F" at Norfolk till April 15. Demonstration against Portsmouth March 4-5. Expedition to Isle of Wight County April 13-15. Smithfield, Cherry Grove, April 14. Camp near Julian Creek till April 26. Moved to Yorktown April 26. Butler's operations on south side of the James and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4-28. Port Walthal Junction, Chester Station, May 6-7. Swift Creek or Arrowfield Church May 9-10. Operations against Fort Darling May 12-16. Drewry's Bluff May 14-16. On Ber­muda Hundred front May 17-28. Moved to White House, thence to Cold Harbor May 28-June 1. Battles about Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 15-18. Siege of Petersburg June 15-August 24. On Bermuda front August 24 to September 17. Moved to Carolina City, N. C., September 17-21, and duty there till November 28. Moved to Beaufort N. C., November 28; thence to New Ber­ne December 4, and to Plymouth December 7 and duty there till January, 1865. Moved to New Berne January 8-11 and duty there till March 3. Moved to Core Creek March 4. Movements on Kinston March 4-12. Southwest Creek March 7. Wise's Fork March 8-10. Ordered to New Berne March 12 and duty there till June --. Mustered out June 26, 1865. Old members mustered out September 27, 1864.

 

Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 128 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 261 Enlisted men by disease. Total 401.

 

 

28th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry:

Col Richard *Byrnes; Pvt Albert *Lehmann (Co. K&E)

 

Overview:

Organized at Cambridge and Boston December 12, 1861. Left State for New York January 11, 1862. Duty at Fort Columbus, New York Harbor, till February 14. Sailed on Steamer "Erickson" for Hilton Head, S. C., February 14, arriving there February 23. Atta­ched to Dept. of the South to April, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Dept. of the South, to July, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to December, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, to November, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Moved to Dafuskie Island, S. C., April 7, 1862, and duty there till May --. (Cos. "A" and "K" detached at Jones and Bird Islands April 18-May 6. Cos. "A," "C," "D," "F" and "K" moved to Tybee Island May 12 and duty there till May 28. Cos. "B," "E," "G," "H" and "I" moved to Dafuskie Island and to Hilton Head May 28.) Operations on James Island, S. C., June 1-28. Skirmishes on James Island June 3-4. Battle of Secessionville June 16. Evacuation of James Island June 28-July 7. Moved from Hilton Head to Newport News, Va., July 14-18; thence to Aquia Creek and Fredericksburg August 3-6. Operations in support of Pope August 6-16. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Battles of Groveton August 29. Bull Run August 30. Chantilly September 1. Maryland Campaign September-October. Battles of South Mountain September 14. Antietam September 16-17. March to Pleasant Valley Sep­tember 19-October 2 and duty there till October 25. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 25-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth till April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 2-4. Advance from the Rappahan­nock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Auburn and Bristoe October 14. Advance to line of the Rap­pahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Stevensburg till May, 1864. Demonstration on the Ra­pidan February 6-7. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Po River May 10; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-19. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864. Demonstration on north side of the James July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18. Ream's Station August 25. Boydton Road, Hatcher's Run, Octo­ber 27-28. Strawberry Plains, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Watkin's House March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Hatcher's Run or Boydton Road March 31. White Oak Road March 31. Sutherland Station and fall of Petersburg April 2. Sailor's Creek April 6. High Bridge and Cumberland Church April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. At Burkesville till May 2. March to Washington, D. C., May 2-15. Grand Review May 23. Duty at Washington till June 25. Mustered out June 29, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 15 Officers and 235 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 136 Enlisted men by disease. Total 387.

 

Byrnes kommandierte die 28th Mass. Infantry (Meagher's Irish Brigade) im Battle of Fredericksburg am 13.12.1863 (vgl. OR 21: 241; vgl Byrnes' Report in OR 21:246). Das Regiment gehörte während der Gettysburg Campaign zur 2ndt Brigade Col Patrick *Kel­ly, 1st Division BrigGen John C. Caldwell, II. Army Corps Winfield S. Hancock.

 

 

29th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry:

s. Lt Augustus D. *Ayling; Sergeant John H. *Hancock (Co. H)

 

Overview:

Organized at Newport News, Va., December, 1861, from 1st Battalion Massachusetts Infantry (7 Cos.) and 3 new Companies ("F," "G" and "H") organized December 13-17, 1861, which joined Regiment at Newport News, Va., January 17, 1862. Attached to New­port News, Va., Dept. of Virginia, to May, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of Virginia, to June, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Divisi­on, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to December, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Dept. of the Ohio, to June, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to August, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Dept. of the Ohio, to March, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, May to June, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to July, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Newport News, Va., till May, 1862. Sinking of the "Cumberland" and "Congress" by the Merrimac March 8, 1862. Battle bet­ween "Monitor" and "Merrimac" March 9. Occupation of Norfolk and Portsmouth May 10. Duty there till June 2. Moved to Suffolk, thence to Portsmouth and White House Landing June 6-7. March to Fair Oaks June 8. Near Seven Pines June 15. Fair Oaks June 24. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Gaines' Mill June 27. Sappony Church and Savage Station June 29. White Oak Swamp and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Ball's Bluff till August 16. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Alexandria and Centreville August 16-30. Cover retreat of Pope's army from Bull Run August 31-September 1. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. At Harper's Ferry, W. Va., till October 29. Advance up Loudoun Valley and movement to Falmouth October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Moved to Newport News February 12-14, thence mo­ved to Kentucky March 21-26. Duty at Paris, Ky., till April 26. Moved to Nicholasville, Lancaster and Stanford April 27-29. March to Somerset May 6-8. Movement through Kentucky to Cairo, Ill., June 4-10; thence to Vicksburg, Miss., June 14-17. Siege of Vicks­burg June 17-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. At Milldale till August 12. Moved to Co­vington, Ky., August 12-23. Burnside's Campaign in East Tennessee August to October. Action at Blue Springs October 10. At Le­nois till November 14. Knoxville Campaign November-December. Campbell's Station November 16. Siege of Knoxville November 17-December 4. Pursuit of Longstreet December 7-28. Operations in East Tennessee till March, 1864. Veterans march to Nicholas­ville, Ky., March 21-31; thence moved to Covington, Ky.; Cincinnati, Ohio, and to Boston, Mass., March 31-April 9. On furlough till May 16. Moved to Washington, D. C.; thence to Belle Plain, Va., March 16-20. Joined Army of the Potomac May 28. Non-Veterans attached to 36th Massachusetts Infantry February 1 to May 16. Rapidan Campaign May-June. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 15-19. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Mine Ex­plosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Peebles' Farm, Peeble's Farm, September 29-October 2. Recon­noissance on Vaughan and Squirrel Level Roads October 8. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Fort Stedman March 25, 1865. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Occupation of Petersburg April 3. Moved to Washington, D. C., April 21-28. Grand Review May 23. Provost duty at Washington and Alexandria till July. Mustered out July 29, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 53 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 95 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 156.

 

Predecessor Unit

MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEERS, 1st BATTALION INFANTRY.

Organized by consolidation of Clark's Company. Organized April 19, 1861, and mustered in for three years May 21, 1861. Moved to Fortress Monroe, Va., May 22-26, and attached to 4th Massachusetts Militia Infantry as Company "M." Tyler's Company organized April 17, 1861. Moved to Fortress Monroe, Va., May 10-13, and attached to 3rd Massachusetts Militia Infantry as Company "M." Mustered in for three years May 14, 1861. Leach's Company organized May 1, 1861. Moved to Boston May 17, thence to Fortress Monroe, Va., May 19-23. Mustered in for three years May 22, 1861, and attached to 4th Massachusetts Militia Infantry as Company "L." Chipman's Company organized May 6, 1861. Moved to Fortress Monroe, Va., May 19-21. Mustered in for three years May 22, 1861, and attached to 3rd Massachusetts Militia Infantry as Company "D." Doten's Company, Plymouth Rock Guards, organized May 6, 1861. Moved to Fortress Monroe, Va., May 19-21. Mustered in for three years May 22, 1861, and attached to 3rd Massachu­setts Militia Infantry as Company "E." Chamberlin's Company, "Union Guards," organized April 18, 1861. Moved to Fortress Mon­roe, Va., May 19-23. Mustered in for three years May 14, 1861, and assigned to 3rd Massachusetts Militia Infantry as Company "I." Barnes Company, "Greenough Guards," organized April 25, 1861. Moved to Fortress Monroe, Va., May 19-21. Mustered in for three years May 22 and attached to 4th Massachusetts Militia Infantry as Company "K." Battalion organized at Fort Monroe. Va., July, 1861. Company "M," 4th Militia, designated as Rifles; Company M," 3rd Militia, designated as "M": Company "L." 4th Militia, desi­gnated as "L"; Company "D." 3rd Militia designated as "D": Company "E," 4th Militia, designated as "E"; Company "I," 4th Militia, designated as "I"; Company "K," 4th Militia, designated as Companies "L" and "M" detached for duty at Fort Wool, Rip Raps, July 16 and 26 to November 3. Rejoined Regiment at Newport News. Five Companies at Hampton till July 30, then garrison duty at Fort­ress Monroe till August 5. Moved to Camp Hamilton August 5, thence to Newport News August 18 and duty there till December, --. Action on Warwick Road October 21. Battalion transferred to 29th Massachusetts Infantry December 13, 1861. Rifles as Company "A," Company "M" as Company "B," Company "L" as Company "C," Company "D" as Company "D," Company "E" as Company "E," Company "I" as Company "I" and Company "K" as Company "K."

 

Literatur

- *Ayling, Augustus D.: A Yankee at Arms: The Diary of Lieutenant Augustus D. Ayling, 29th Massachusetts Volunteers (Univ Ten­nessee Press), 320 pp. Edited by Charles Herberger, 26 Illustrations, 5 Maps

 

 

30th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry:

Captain (?) John A. *Nelson

 

Overview:

Organized as "Eastern Bay State Regiment" at Camp Chase, Lowell, by Gen. B. F. Butler, December 31, 1861. Moved to Boston Ja­nuary 2, 1862. Mustered into United States service as 30th Massachusetts Infantry January 4, 1862. Sailed from Boston on steamer "Constitution" for Fortress Monroe, Va., January 13, arriving January 16; thence sailed for Ship Island, Miss., February 6, arriving there February 12, and duty there till April 15. (Co. "K" joined March 9.) Attached to 3rd Brigade, Dept. of the Gulf, to October, 1862. Defences of New Orleans to January, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to August, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to July, 1864, and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to March, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Provisional Division, Army of the Shenandoah, to April, 1865. Dept. of Washington to June, 1865. Dept. of the South to December, 1865.

 

Service:

Operations against Forts St. Phillip and Jackson, Mississippi River, April 15-28, 1862. Occupation of Fort St. Phillip April 28. Moved to New Orleans April 29-30. Occupation of New Orleans May 1. Expedition to New Orleans & Jackson Railroad May 9-10. Moved to Baton Rouge May 30-31. Expedition from Baton Rouge June 7-9. Williams' Expedition to Vicksburg, Miss., and operations in that vicinity June 18-July 23. Ellis Cliff June 22. Hamilton Plantation, near Grand Gulf, June 24. Moved to Baton Rouge July 23-26, and duty there till August 21. Battle of Baton Rouge August 5. Moved to Carrollton August 21-22, and duty there till November 4. Garri­son duty at New Orleans till January 13, 1863. Moved to Baton Rouge January 13-14. Expedition to Port Hudson March 7-27. Ope­rations against Port Hudson May 12-24. Monett's Plantation and on Bayou Sara Road May 18-19. Plain's Store May 24. Siege of Port Hudson May 24-July 9. Assaults on Port Hudson May 27 and June 14. Surrender of Port Hudson July 9. Cox's Plantation, Donald­sonville, July 12-13. Camp at Baton Rouge August 1-September 2. Sabine Pass Expedition September 4-11. Moved from Algiers to Brashear City September 16, thence to Berwick and to Camp Bisland September 26. Western Louisiana ("Teche") Campaign October 3-November 30. At New Iberia till January 7, 1864, and at Franklin till February 18. Veterans on leave February 18-May 3. Moved to New Orleans May 3-16, and to Morganza June 13. Moved to New Orleans, thence to Fortress Monroe. Va., and Washington, D. C., July 2-13. Snicker's Gap Expedition July 14-23. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to December. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Mt. Jackson September 23-24. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Winchester, Kernstown and Stephenson's Depot till April 1, 1865. Moved to Washington, D. C., April 21-22, and duty there till June 1. Grand Review May 23-24. Moved to Savannah, Ga., June 2-6, thence to Georgetown, S. C., June 13, and to Florence June 27. To Sumpter July 9. Duty in 3rd Sub-District Eastern South Carolina till December. Mustered out December 1, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 57 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 341 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 404.

 

 

32nd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry:

s. Col (Captain Co. B) George L. *Prescott (Co. F&S)

 

Overview:

Organized as a Battalion of 6 Companies for garrison duty at Fort Warren, Boston Harbor, November 25, 1861. Duty at Fort Warren till May, 1862. Moved to Washington, D. C., May 26-28. Attached to Military district of Washington to July, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, to October, 1864.

 

Service:

At Capital Hill, Defences of Washington, till June 24, 1862. Moved to Ball's Bluff, Va, June 25-July 3. (1 Co. join at Ball's Bluff July 23, and 3 Cos. at Minor's Hill, Va., September 4, 1862.) At Ball's Bluff till August 15. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Cent­reville August 15-28. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 28-September 2. Battle of Bull Run August 30. Battle of Antie­tam, Md., September 16-17. Blackford's Ford September 19. At Sharpsburg, Md., till October 30. Reconnoissance to Smith­field, W, Va, October 16-17. Movement to Falmouth October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Ex­pedition to Richards' and Ellis Fords December 29-30. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth till April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-4. Pur­suit of Lee July 5-24. At Warrenton and Beverly Ford till September 17. At Culpeper till October 11. Bristoe Campaign October 11-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Bealeton, Va., till May, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Jeri­cho Mills May 23. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864 (Re­serve). Six-Mile Hou­se, Weldon Railroad, August 18-21. Peebles' Farm September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Ex­pedition to Weldon Railroad December 7-12. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Appo­mattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Lewis Farm, near Gravelly Run, March 29. White Oak Road March 31. Five Forks April 1. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Washington, D. C., May 1-12. Grand Review May 23. Duty at Washington till June 29. Mustered out June 29, and discharged July 11, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 139 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 143 Enlisted men by disease. Total 289.

 

Literatur:

- Kernek, Clyde , M.D.: Field Surgeon at Gettysburg (Guild Press); 120 pp. Actual records of the 32nd Massachusetts provide the ba­sis for recounting these behind-the-lines experiences of doctors during the Battle of Gettysburg. The author, an Orthopaedic Surgeon, used actual records of the 32nd Massachusetts provide the basis for recounting these behind-the-lines experiences of doctors during the Battle of Gettysburg as told by a fictional assistant to the real Dr. Zab Adams; Illustrations of equipment and surgery.

 

 

33th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry:

s. Col Adin R. *Underwood; Sgt John March *Cate; Sgt William *Jubb (Co. E); Pvt Asa A. *Ames, Pvt Andrew J. *Boies (Co. E)

 

Overview:

Organized at Springfield August 6, 1862. Moved to Washington, D. C., August 14-17. Attached to Military District of Washington to October, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1863, and Army of the Cumberland to April, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., and Provost at Alexandria, Va., till October 10, 1862. Moved to Fairfax Station October 10, thence to Fairfax Court House and duty there till November 1. Moved to Warrenton, thence to Germantown November 1-20. March to Fredericksburg December 10-15. Camp at Falmouth till January 20, 1863. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth till April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Brandy Station and Beverly Ford June 9. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-4. At Bristoe Station August 3-September 24. Movement to Bridgeport, Ala., September 24-October 3. March along line of Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad to Lookout Valley, Tenn., Octo­ber 25-28. Battle of Wauhatchie, Tenn., October 28-29. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Tunnel Hill November 24-25. Mission Ridge November 25. March to relief of Knoxville November 28-December 17. Duty in Lookout Valley till May, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May to September. Demonstration on Rocky Faced Ridge May 5-11. Buzzard's Roost Gap May 8-9. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Cassville May 19. Advance on Dallas May 22-25. Battle of New Hope Church May 25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church, and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Mari­etta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Marietta June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Gilgal or Golgotha Church June 15. Muddy Creek June 17. Noyes Creek June 19. Kolb's Farm June 22. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Station or Smyrna Camp Ground July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Duty as Division Train Guard July 17 to August 27. Battle of Peachtree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge August 26-September 2. Occupation of Atlanta September 2-November 15. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Ca­rolinas January to April, 1865. Lawtonville, S. C., February 2. Skirmish, Raleigh Road, near Fayetteville , N. C., March 14. Averys­boro March 16. Battle of Bentonville March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-13. Occupati­on of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 28. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D. C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Duty at Washington till June 11. Mustered out June 11 and discharged from service July 2, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 7 Officers and 104 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 77 Enlisted men by disease. Total 188.

 

Literatur:

- **Boies, Andrew J.: Record of the Thirty-Third Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry (Fitchburg, 1880)

- Cate, John March: If Life to Come Home: The Civil War Letters of Sergeant John March Cate; Co D 33rd Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment (Dorrance Publishing); 288 pp; Maps; Photos; Appendices - The 33rd Mass Infantry served at Bull Run, Frede­ricksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, the Carolinas, and throughout Georgia with Sherman

- Unterwood, Adin B.: The Three Years' Service of the Thirty-Third Mass. Infantry Regiment 1862-1865. Boston: A. Williams and Co., 1881

 

 

35th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry:

Col S. *Carruth; LtCol John William *Hudson (Co. DHE); Major Sidney *Willard; Pvt Henry A. *'Willis (Co. A).

 

Overview:

Organized at Lynnfield August 1, 1862. Left State for Washington, D. C., August 22. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1863; Dept. of the Ohio to June, 1863; Army of the Tennessee to August, 1863, and Dept. of the Ohio to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1864. Acting Engineers, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, to July, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Divisi­on, 9th Army Corps, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

March into Maryland September 6-12, 1862. Battles of South Mountain, Md., September 14, and Antietam September 16-17. Duty at Pleasant Valley till October 27. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 27-November 19. Warrenton, Sulphur Springs, November 15. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth till February 19. Moved to Newport News, Va., February 19, thence to Covington, Ky., March 26-30. Moved to Paris April 1, and to Mt. Sterling April 3. To Lancaster May 6-7, thence to Crab Orchard May 23, and to Stanford May 25. Movement to Vicksburg, Miss., June 3-14. Siege of Vicksburg June 14-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. At Milldale till August 6. Moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, August 6-14. At Covington, Ky., till August 18. March to Nicholasville August 18-25, and to Crab Orchard September 9-11. March over Cumberland Mountains to Knoxville, Tenn., thence to Lenoir Station October 2-29. Knoxville Campaign November 4-December 23. At Lenoir Station till November 14. Campbell's Station November 16. Siege of Knoxville November 17-December 4. Pursuit of Longstreet December 5-19. Operations in East Tennessee till March 20, 1864. Movement to Annapolis, Md., March 20-A­pril 7. Rapidan Campaign May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Ny River May 10; Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Peebles' Farm September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Fort Stedman March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Occupation of Petersburg April 3. March to Cumberland Church April 4-10. Moved to City Point, thence to Alexandria April 20-28. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 9, and discharged from service June 27, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 10 Officers and 138 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 100 Enlisted men by disease. Total 249.

 

Col S. *Carruth während Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 1863 (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg vol. III, S. 1145).

 

Literatur:

- A Committee of the Regimental Association: History of the Thirty-fifth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, 1862-1865 (Mills, Knight and Co., Printers, Boston 1884).

 

 

36th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry:

s. LtCol J. B. *Norton, LtCol David K. *Wardwell (Co. F&S); William F. *Draper

 

Overview:

Organized at Worcester and mustered in August 30, 1862. Left State for Washington, D. C., September 2, thence moved to Leesburg, Va., September 9, and to Pleasant Valley. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to April, 1863, and Dept. Ohio, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Dept. Ohio, and Army Tennessee, to August, 1863, and Dept. Ohio, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Pleasant Valley, Md., till October 26. March to Lovettsville, Va., October 26-29, and to Warrenton October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Moved to Newport News, Va., February 10, thence to Lexington, Ky., March 19-23. Duty at Camp Dick Robinson, Ky., April 9-30, and at Middleburg till May 23. March to Co­lumbia May 23-26. Expedition toward Cumberland River after Morgan May 27-30. Jamestown June 2. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., June 7-14. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., June 14-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. At Milldale till August 5. Moved to Covington, Ky., August 5-12, and to Crab Orchard August 17-18. March across Cumberland Mountains to East Tennessee September 10-22. Near Knoxville September 27-October 3. Action at Blue Springs October 10. At Lenoir October 29-November 14. Knoxville Campaign November-December. Lenoir Station November 14-15. Campbell's Station November 17. Siege of Knoxville November 17-December 4. Pursuit of Longstreet December 5-19. Operations in East Tennessee till March 21, 1864. Strawberry Plains January 21-22. Moved from Knoxville, Tenn., to Covington, Ky., thence to Annapolis, Md., March 21-April 6. Rapidan Campaign May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. Stannard's Mills May 21. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopo­tomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Peebles' Farm Septem­ber 29-Oc­tober 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. At Fort Rice till April, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. March to Cumberland Church April 3-9. Moved to Petersburg and City Point, thence to Alexandria April 20-28. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 8, 1865, and discharged from service June 21, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 105 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 160 Enlisted men by disease. Total 274.

 

Regimentskommandeur war 1863 während Grant's Vicksburg Campaign LtCol J. B. Norton; eingesetzt in IX Army Corps Parke, 1st Division BrigGen Thomas Welsh, 1st Brigade Col Henry Bowman (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg III 1145)

 

Literatur:

- Draper, William F. Draper (36th Mass Infantry): Recollections of a Varied Career (Boston 1908)

 

 

37th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry:

s. Col Mason Whiting *Tyler; Pvt James L. *Bowen (Co. E), Pvt. Edwin O. *Wentworth (Co. I)

 

Overview:

Organized at Pittsfield August 30, 1862. Left State for Washington, D. C., September 7. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864. 4th Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to July, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, and Army of the Potomac, to June, 1865.

Service:

 

Service:

At Downsville, Md., till October 20. Movement to Stafford C. H., Va., October 20-November 19, and to Belle Plains December 5. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-4. Detached for duty at New York and duty at Fort Hamilton, N. Y. Harbor, July 30 to Octo­ber 17. Rejoined army at Chantilly, Va., October 17. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station No­vember 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Brandy Station till April, 1864. Rapidan Campaign May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna Ri­ver May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg to July 9. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Moved to Washington, D. C., July 9-11. Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens and the Northern Defences of Washington July 11-12. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to December. Near Charlestown August 21-22. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Provost duty at Winchester till December 13. Moved to Petersburg, Va., December 13-16. Siege of Petersburg December 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-A­pril 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Appomattox C. H. April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Moved to Danville, Va., April 23-27. Moved to Wilson's Station May 3; thence march to Washington, D. C., May 18-June 2. Corps Review June 8. Moved to Readville, Mass., June 22-23. Mustered out June 30, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 165 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 92 Enlisted men by disease. Total 261.

 

Literatur:

- **Bowen, James L.: History of the Thirty-Seventh Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers in the Civil War of 1861-1865 with a Compre­hensive Sketch of the Doings of Massachusetts as a State, and of the Principal Campaigns of the War (Bryan & Co., Holyoke 1884). This unit campaigned at Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Brandy Station, Mine Run, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Petersburg. Cedar Creek and Appomattox. Nevins is critical of this title because it covers much of the war in general terms, yet he still rates it as a "detailed history".

- **Bowen, James L.: "Marching to Gettysburg." Philadelphia Weekly Times, 27 May 1882

- **Tyler, Mason Whiting (37th Massachusetts): Recollections of the Civil War, with many original Diary entries and Letters written from the Seat of War and with annotated References (Putnam's Sons, 1912); 379 pp; by Late Lieutenant Colonel and Brevet-colonel, 37th Reg't Massachusetts Volunteers, whose service led him across Maryland, most of Northern Virginia and around Richmond and Petersburg. Includes account of War in Virginia, including Letters, Diary Excerpts, and a narrative by the Editor, his son, William S. Tyler; Index; Maps; Illustrations

 

 

39th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry:

s. Col J. H. *Barnes, Pvt George *Fowle

 

Overview:

Organized at Lynnfield August 13 to September 2, 1862. Left State for Washington, D. C., September 6. Attached to Grover's Brigade, Defences of Washington, to February, 1863. Jewett's Independent Brigade, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington, to May, 1863. District of Washington, 22nd Army Corps, to July, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army Potomac, to March, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 2nd Bri­gade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty in the Defences of Washington from Fort Tillinghast to Fort Craig, till September 14, 1862. Guard Potomac from Edward's Fer­ry to Conrad's Ferry and Seneca Creek till October 20. At Muddy Branch till November 10. At Offutt's Cross Roads, Md., till Decem­ber 21, and at Poolesville, Md., till April 15, 1863. Moved to Washington, D. C., April 15-17 and guard and patrol duty there till July 9. Moved to Harper's Ferry and Maryland Heights July 9-10, thence to Funkstown, Md., July 12-13. Pursuit of Lee July 14-27. Duty along the Rapidan till October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Duty on Orange & Alexandria Railroad till May, 1864. De­monstration on the Rapidan February 6-7. Rapidan Campaign May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Jericho Ford May 23. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. White Oak Swamp June 13. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864 (Reserve). Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Reconnoissance toward Dinwiddie C. H. September 15. War­ren's Raid on Weldon Railroad December 7-12. Dabney's Mills February 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Davis Farm near Gravelly Run March 29. White Oak Road March 31. Five Forks April 1. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Appomattox C. H. April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. At Black and White Station till May 1. Moved to Manchester, thence march to Washington, D. C., May 1-15. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 1, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 91 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 183 Enlisted men by disease. Total 279.

 

Col J. H. *Barnes während Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 1863 war Barnes Col 39th Massachusetts Infantry, 3rd Brigade Christ, 2nd Division Edward Ferrero, IX. Army Corps Parke (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, vol. III, S. 1146).

 

The 39th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry served in the Eastern Theater, defending Washington, fighting at Mine Run, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Petersburg and Appomattox

 

Literatur:

- Fowle, George (39th Mass Vols): Letters to Eliza from a Union Soldier, 1862-1865 (Follett Pub, 1969), 176pp,- Maps, Illustrations, Photos. Edited by Margery Greenleaf.

- Roe, Alfred S.: The Thirty-Ninth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers 1862-1865 (Worcester 1914); Photos; Rosters; Index

 

 

40th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry:

s. Pvt Edwin A. *Lane (Co. H)

 

Overview:

Organized at Lynnfield August, 1862. Moved to Washington, D. C., September 8-11. Attached 2nd Brigade, Abercrombie's Division, Military District of Washington, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Abercrombie's Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington, to April, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to May, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to July, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Gordon's Division, South End of Folly Island, S. C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. of the South, to January, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Gordon's Division, Folly Island, S. C., Northern District, 10th Army Corps, Dept. South, January, 1864. 1st Brigade, District of Hilton Head, S. C., 10th Army Corps, to February, 1864. Light Brigade, District of Florida, Dept. of the South, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Divi­sion, 10th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to May, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 18th Army Corps, to Decem­ber, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 24th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till April, 1863. Expedition to Mill's Cross Roads after Stuart's Cavalry December 28-29, 1862. Picket duty on the Columbia Pike February 12 to March 30, 1863, and at Vienna till April 11. Moved to Norfolk, thence to Suf­folk April 15-17. Siege of Suffolk April 17-May 4. Siege of Suffolk raised May 4. Moved to West Point May 5, thence to Yorktown May 31. Raid to Jamestown Island June 10-13. Dix's Peninsula Campaign June 24-July 7. Expedition from White House to Bottom's Bridge July 1-7. Baltimore Cross Roads July 2. Moved to Washington, D. C., July 10-11. March in pursuit of Lee, to Berlin, Md., July 13-22. Moved to Alexandria August 6, thence sailed to Folly Island, S. C., August 7-13. Siege operations on Folly and Morris Islands against Forts Wagner and Gregg, and against Fort Sumpter and Charleston, August 15-November 13. Expedition to Seabrook Island November 13-15. Duty at Folly Island till January 16, 1864. Moved to Hilton Head, S. C., January 16. Expedition to Jacksonville, Fla., February 4-7, and to Lake City, Fla., February 7-22. Ten Mile Run near Camp Finnegan February 8. Barber's Place February 10. Lake City February 11. Gainesville February 14 (Cos. "C," "G," "H"). Battle of Olustee February 20. McGirt's Creek March 1. Cedar Creek March 1. Duty at Jacksonville till April 22. Moved to Gloucester Point April 22-28. Expedition to West Point April 30-May 5. Butler's operations on south side of James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 5-28. Swift Creek or Arrowfield Church May 9-10. Operations against Fort Darling May 12-16. Battle of Drewry's Bluff May 14-16. On Bermuda Hundred Front May 17-28. Moved to White House, thence to Cold Harbor May 28-June 1. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 15-18. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Hares Hill June 24 and 28. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864 (Reserve). In trenches before Petersburg till August 27. Moved to Bermuda Front August 27, thence to Bermuda Landing August 28, and provost duty there till September 29. On the Bermuda Front till October 24. Moved to Chaffin's Farm on north side of the James, and duty there till March, 1865. Expedition to Fredericksburg March 5-8, and up the Potomac River to the Yecomico, and to Kinsel's Landing March 11-13, thence to White House March 13-18. March to Signal Hill before Richmond March 24-26. Occupation of Richmond April 3. Moved to Manchester April 25 and provost duty there till June 16. Mustered out June 16, and discharged at Reedville, Mass., June 30, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 67 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 125 Enlisted men by disease. Total 197.

 

 

42nd Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry (100 days, 1864) (Militia):

s. 7th Corporal George H. *Ladd (Co. F)

 

Overview:

Organized at Reedville for 100 days July 22, 1864. Mustered out November 11, 1864.

 

 

 

43rd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (Militia):

s. Pvt Albert G. *Mann (Co. F)

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Meigs, Readville, September 12 to October 23, 1862. Left State for Newberne, N. C., October 24. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of North Carolina, to December, 1862. Amory's Brigade, Dept. North Carolina, to January, 1863. 1st Bri­gade, 1st Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. North Carolina, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, Maryland Heights, Division West Virginia, to July, 1863.

 

Service:

Duty at Newberne, N. C., till December 10, 1862. (Co. "C" detached at Beaufort, N. C., November 30, 1862, to March 4, 1863.) Fos­ter's Expedition to Goldsboro December 11-20, 1862. Kinston December 14. Whitehall December 16. Goldsboro December 17. At Newberne till January 17, 1863. Companies "A," "D" and "E" detached on outpost duty at Batchelor's Creek December 31, 1862, to January 11, 1863. Company "I" detached on picket duty at Evans' Mills January 11 to March 2. Expedition toward Trenton January 17-22. At Newberne till March 14. Expedition to Rocky Run March 14-16. At Newberne till April 7. March to relief of Little Wa­shington April 7-10. Blount's Creek April 9. Moved to Little Washington April 17-18, and duty there till April 24. Moved to Newber­ne April 24-25. Expedition to Core Creek April 27-May 1. At Newberne till June 24. Moved to Fort Monroe, thence to White House, Pamunkey River, June 24-28. Moved to Baltimore, Md., June 29-July 3. Moved to Sandy Hook, Md., July 7-9, and duty there till July 18. Moved to Boston, Mass., July 18-21. Mustered out July 30, 1863.

 

Regiment lost during service 3 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 12 Enlisted men by disease. Total 15.

 

 

45th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment (Militia):

Lt Henry M. *Bond; Lt Kintzig A. *Post; Pvt Eliphalet *Doane (Co. L); Albert W. *Mann

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Meigs, Readville, September 26-October 28, 1862. Moved to Morehead City, N. C., on Steamer "Mississippi" November 5-14. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of North Carolina, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to May, 1863. Lee's Brigade, Defences of Newberne, N. C., to June, 1863.

 

Service:

Camp on banks of the Trent near Newberne till December 12, 1862. Foster's Expedition to Goldsboro December 12-20. Kinston De­cember 14. Whitehall December 16. Goldsboro December 17. Reconnoissance toward Trenton January 17-22, 1863. Duty as post guard at Newberne January 26 to April 25. Moved to mouth of the Trent, south side of the Neuse River, April 25. Expedition toward Kinston, up the Atlantic & N. C. Railroad, April 27-May 1. Dover Road and Wise's Cross Roads April 28. Camp near Fort Spinola, mouth of Trent, till June 24. Company "C" detached at Morehead City November 29, 1862, to January 3, 1863. Company "G" at Fort Macon till April 25. Company "I" at Morehead City January 3 to April 25, and at Fort Spinola till June 24. Regiment moved to Morehead City June 24 and embarked for Boston, Mass., arriving at Fortress Monroe June 26, and at Boston June 30. Mustered out July 8, 1863.

 

Regiment lost during service 19 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 32 Enlisted men by disease. Total 51.

 

Literatur:

- Bond, Henry M.: Letter, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Lieutenant in the 45th Massachusetts Volunteer Regiment. Letter from Bond in Trenton, Jones County, North Carolina, to "My dear George." Writes of skirmishes with the "rebs," problems in advancing on the enemy due to the weather, and his opinion of North Carolina. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms88-075).

- Internet Datei Archiv 9 US-Truppenteile Massachusetts

- Mann, Albert W.: History of the 45th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia (The Cadet Regiment) (Wallace Spooner, Boston 1908); Includes Color Reproduction of Battle Flag, Photos, Rosters, Name/Address list from 1908; Details actions of the regiment in North Carolina during the war

 

 

46th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (Militia):

s. Pvt Benjamin L. *Ames (Co. A

 

Overview:

Organized at Springfield September 25-October 30, 1862. Moved to Boston November 5 and there embarked for Newberne, N. C., arriving November 15. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of North Carolina, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 18th Army Corps. Dept. of North Carolina, to June, 1863. 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., July, 1863. Temporarily to 1st Army Corps, Army Potomac.

 

Service:

Duty at Newberne, N. C., till December 19, 1862. (Co. "A" detached at Newport Barracks November 18, 1862, to January 23, 1863.) Foster's Expedition to Goldsboro December 11-20. Kinston December 14. Whitehall December 16.Goldsboro December 17. Duty at Newberne till March 26, 1863. Skirmishes at Deep Gully, Newberne, March 13-14. Moved to Plymouth March 26, and duty there till May. (Cos. "A" and "I" remain at Newberne.) Expedition toward Kinston April 27-May 1. Dover Road April 28. Moved to Newberne May 7-8. Demonstration on Kinston May 20-23. Gum Swamp May 22. Batchelor's Creek May 23. Duty at Newberne till June 24. Moved to Fortress Monroe June 24-28, thence to Baltimore, Md., June 30-July 1. Moved to Monocacy Junction, thence to Frederick, Sandy Hook and Maryland Heights July 6-7. Occupation of Harper's Ferry July 8. March to Funkstown July 12-13, and join 1st Army Corps. Pursuit of Lee July 14-15. Moved to Boston July 15-17, thence to Springfield and there mustered out July 29, 1863.

 

Regiment lost during service 1 Enlisted man killed and 35 by disease. Total 36.

 

 

47th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry (Militia):

 

Overview:

Organized at Boxford and Readville October 16, 1862. Moved to New York November 29, thence sailed on Steamer "Mississippi" for Ship Island, Miss., and New Orleans, La., December 21, arriving at New Orleans December 31. Moved to Carrollton January 1, 1863. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to July, 1863.

 

Service:

Duty at Carrollton, U. S. Barracks, Lower Cotton Press, Metarre Race Course and at Camp Parapet, Defences of New Orleans, till August, 1863. Skirmishes at Amite River April 17, and at LaFourche Crossing June 20-21 (Detachments). Moved to Boston, Mass., August 3-18, and mustered out September 1, 1863.

 

Regiment lost during service 1 Enlisted man killed and 1 Officer and 36 Enlisted men by disease. Total 38.

 

 

48th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (Militia):

s. Pvt. Albert R. *Batchelder (Co. A)

 

Overview:

Organized at Wenham and mustered in October 29, 1862. Moved to New York December 27. Embarked on Steamer "Constitution" and sailed for New Orleans, La., December 29, arriving February 1, 1863. Moved to Baton Rouge, La., February 3. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to August, 1863.

 

Service:

Reconnoissance toward Port Hudson March 13-20, 1863. Duty at Baton Rouge till May 18. Operations against Port Hudson May 18-24. Action at Plain's Store May 21. Siege of Port Hudson May 25-July 9. Assaults on Port Hudson May 27 and June 14. Surrender of Port Hudson July 9. Moved to Donaldsonville July 9-10, and duty there till August 1. Action at Cox's Plantation, Donaldsonville, July 12-13. Moved to Boston, Mass., via Cairo, Ill., August 9-23. Mustered out September 3, 1863.

 

Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 17 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 50 Enlisted men by disease. Total 59.

 

 

49th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (Militia):

s. Pvt. Jesse H. *Calkins (Co. H)

 

Overview:

Organized at Pittsfield and mustered in October 28, 1862. Moved to New York November 21, and provost duty there till January 24, 1863. Embarked for New Orleans, La., on Steamer "Illinois" January 24, arriving there February 3, thence moved to Carrollton and Baton Rouge, La. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to August, 1863.

 

Service:

Reconnoissance toward Port Hudson March 13-20, 1863. At Baton Rouge till May 18. Operations against Port Hudson May 18-24. Action at Plain's Store May 21. Siege of Port Hudson May 24-July 9. Assaults on Port Hudson May 27 and June 14. Surrender of Port Hudson July 9. Moved to Donaldsonville July 9-10, and duty there till August 1. Action at Cox's Plantation, Donaldsonville, July 12-13. Moved to Baton Rouge August 1, thence to Pittsfield, Mass., August 8-21. Mustered out September 1, 1863.

Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 28 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 84 Enlisted men by disease. Total 114.

 

 

50th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment:

s. Sgt Marcus A. *Hanna; William B. *Stevens

 

Medal of Honor: Sgt Marcus A. *Hanna

 

Literatur:

- Stevens, William B. (50th Mass Vols): History of the Fiftieth Regiment of Infantry Massachusetts Volunteer Militia in the Late War of the Rebellion (Boston, 1907); Photos; Rosters; Index

 

 

51st Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry (Militia):

 

Overview:

Organized at Worcester September 25 to October 30, 1862. Moved to Boston, thence to Newberne, N. C., November 25-30. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of North Carolina, to December, 1862. Amory's Brigade, Dept. North Carolina, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to June, 1863. 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., July, 1863. Temporary to 1st Army Corps, Army Potomac, July, 1863.

 

Service:

Foster's Expedition to Goldsboro December 11-20, 1862. Kinston December 14. Whitehall December 16. Goldsboro December 17. Duty at Newborne till March, 1863. Expedition to Trenton, Pollocksville, Young's Cross Roads and Onslow, January 17-21, 1863. Companies "A," "B," "C," "D," "H," "I," "K" guard and outpost duty by detachments on railroad between Newberne and Morehead City March 2 to May 4. Companies "A" and "C" at Morehead City. (Co. "C" at Fort Macon March 30 to May 5.) "B," "D," "H" and "I" at Newport. "K" at Evans' Mills. "E" and "F" at Beaufort and "G" at Brice's Ferry. Headquarters at Beaufort. Moved to Newberne May 4, and duty there till June 24. Moved to Fort Monroe, Va., thence to White House June 24-28. Moved to Baltimore, Md., June 29-July 1. To Monocacy Junction, Frederick and Sandy Hook July 6-7. Occupation of Harper's Ferry July 8. March to Funkstown, Md., July 12-13, and join 1st Army Corps. Pursuit of Lee. March to Berlin July 15-17, thence moved to Worcester, Mass., July 17-21. Mustered out July 27, 1863.

 

Regiment lost during service 44 Enlisted men by disease.

 

 

52nd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry:

s. Sergeant Josua Gilman *Hawkes (Co. D); Corporal James K. *Hosmer

 

Overview:

Organized at Greenfield October, 1862. Ordered to New York November 19, thence moved to New Orleans and Baton Rouge, La., and duty there till March, 1863. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to July, 1863.

 

Service:

Reconnoissance to Port Hudson, La., March 13-20. Moved to Donaldsonville March 27. Operations in Western Louisiana April 9-May 14. Teche Campaign April 11-20. Irish Bend April 14. Bayou Vermillion April 17. March to Opelousas April 19-20, thence to Barre Landing April 26, and duty there till May 21. Companies "A," "E," "F" and "G" on provost duty at New Iberia April 17-May 19. Expedition toward Berwick City May 21-26. Moved to Algiers, thence to Port Hudson May 26-30. Siege of Port Hudson May 30-July 9. Assault on Port Hudson June 14. Jackson Cross Roads June 20 (Detachment). Surrender of Port Hudson July 9, and duty there till July 23. Moved to Massachusetts July 23-August 3. Mustered out August 14, 1863.

 

Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 10 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 101 Enlisted men by disease. Total 112.

 

Literatur:

- Hawkes, Josua Gilman (1831-1863): Papers, 1852-70; regiment was ca. 50 items. Union soldier from Lynnfield, Massachusetts. Served in the 52nd Massachusetts Volunteer Regiment and took part in the occupation of Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and the siege of Port Hudson. Hawkes disappeared and apparently drowned on his return to Massachusetts in July 1863. Papers consists of Hawkes's letters to family members, and also contain correspondence by friends and relatives written after his death concerning him. Trans­cripts available. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 79-003)

- Hosmer, James K. (52nd Mass. Vols): The Color Guard: Beeing a Corporals Note of Military Service in the 19th Army Corps (Wal­ker Wise Co., Boston 1864)

 

53rd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (Militia):

s. Adjutant Henry A. *Willis (Co. F&S)

 

Overview:

Organized at Groton Junction October 17 to November 6, 1862. Moved to New York November 18, and duty there till January 17, 1863. Embarked on Steamer "Continental" for New Orleans, La., January 17, arriving there January 30. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to August, 1863.

 

Service:

Duty at Carrollton, La., January 30 to March 6, 1863. Moved to Baton Rouge March 6-7. Operations against Port Hudson March 7-27. Moved to Brashear and Berwick City April 1-9. Operations in Western Louisiana April 9-May 14. Teche Campaign April 11-20. Fort Bisland near Centreville April 12-13. Expedition from Opelousas to Alexandria and Simsport May 5-18. Moved to Bayou Sara May 22, thence to Port Hudson. Siege of Port Hudson May 24-July 9. Assaults on Port Hudson May 27 and June 14. Expedition to Clinton June 3-8. Surrender of Port Hudson July 9. Moved to Baton Rouge July 11-12, and to Donaldsonville July 15. Duty there and at Baton Rouge till August 12. Moved to Cairo, Ill., August 12-19, thence to Fitchburg, Mass., August 19-24. Mustered out Septem­ber 2, 1863.

 

Losses, 5 Officers and 28 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 144 Enlisted men by disease. Total 177.

 

Literatur:

- Willis, Henry A.: The Fifty-Third Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, Comprising also a History of the Siege of Port Hudson (Fitchburg, Mass 1889)

 

 

54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment:

Coloured Troops

 

s. Col Nathan W. Daniels; Col Robert Gould *Shaw, Captain Luis Emilio

 

Literatur:

- Emilio, Lius (Captain): A Brave Black Regiment: History of the Fifty-fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 1863-1865 (Boston 1894); 452 pp, Index, Roster, Fold Out Map; James McPherson calls this the "Best Account of the 54th Massachusetts"

- Internet Datei Archiv 9 US-Truppenteile Massachusetts

- McKay, Martha Nicholson : When the Tide Turned in the Civil War (54th Massachusetts) (Hollenbeck, Indianapolis 1929). Written when the statue of Robert Gould Shaw and the 54th Massachusetts was dedicated in 1897 and published some 32 years later

- King, Spencer Jr.: Darien: The Death and Rebirth of a Southern Town (Macon 1981); 112 pp; Illustrated, Biblio, Index. Details of the burning and rebuilding of a small Georgia town put to the torch by contrabands and the Negro troops of the 54th Massachusetts Infantry under Robert Gould Shaw

 

 

55th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment:

 

Literatur:

- Trudeau, Noah: Voices of the 55th: Letters from the 55th Massachusetts Volunteers 1861-1865; 290 pp; Photos; Maps; Index

 

 

56th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Readville December 26, 1863, to February 24, 1864. Left State for Annapolis, Md., March 21; thence moved to Wa­shington and Alexandria April 23. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to September, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15, 1864. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Ny Ri­ver May 10; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pa­munkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Sie­ge of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Peebles' Farm or Peeble's Farm September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. At Fort Hays January 1 to April 1, 1865. Fort Stedman, March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Occupation of Petersburg April 3. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. March to Petersburg and City Point April 18-22, thence moved to Alexandria April 23-25. Grand Review May 23. Duty at Washington and Alexandria till July -. Mustered out July 12, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 120 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 100 Enlisted men by disease. Total 226.

 

 

58th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry:

s. Corporal Clarence *Calkins (Co. D); Pvt Samuel J. *Calkins (Co. D)

 

Overview:

Organized at Reedville April 25, 1864. Moved to Alexandria, Va., April 28-30. Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Moved to Bristoe Station, Va., and join 9th Army Corps May 1-2, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-July 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Ny River May 10; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. Stannard's Mills May 21. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Peebles' Farm or Peeble's Farm September 29-Oc­tober 2. Boydton Plank Road Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Fort Stedman March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Occupation of Petersburg April 3. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. At Cumberland Church till April 20. Moved to City Point, thence to Alexandria April 20-28. Duty there till July 15. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out July 14. Moved to Reedville July 15-18, and discharged July 26, 1865.

 

Lost during service 10 Officers and 129 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 156 Enlisted men by disease. Total 295.

 

 

59th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organized at Reedville December 3, 1863, to April 20, 1864. Moved to Washington, D. C., April 26-28, thence to Rappahannock Sta­tion, Va., April 29-May 2, and join Army of the Potomac. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Poto­mac, to September, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, to May, 1865.

 

Service:

Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15, 1864. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Ny Ri­ver May 10; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pa­munkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Sie­ge of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Peebles' Farm or Peeble's Farm September 29-October 2. Recconnoissance on Vaughan and Squirrel Level Road October 8. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Fort Stedman March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Occupation of Petersburg April 3. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Moved to City Point, thence to Alexandria April 20-28. Grand Review May 23. Consolidated with 57th Massachusetts Infantry May 26, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 7 Officers and 83 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 93 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 184.

 

 

60th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry (Militia) (100 days, 1864:

 

Overview:

Organized for 100 days August 1, 1864. Left State for Washington, D. C., August 1. Stopped at Baltimore, Md., and duty at Relay House till August 9, and at Carroll Hill till August 16. Ordered to Indianapolis, Ind., and duty guarding Confederate prisoners till No­vember. Mustered out November 30, 1864. Lost 11 by disease.

 

 

61st Massachusetts Infantry Regiment:

s. Pvt Jasper T. *Darling (Co. G)

 

 

62nd Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry:

 

Overview:

Organization commenced April, 1865, but not completed, and mustered out May 5, 1865.

 

 

 

 

c. Cavalry:

 

 

1st Massachusetts Cavalry Regiment:

Captain Charles Francis *Adams jr; Captain Benjamin W. *Crowninshield (Co. F&H); Captain Caspar *Crowninshield (Co. E); Pvt Henry T. *Bartlett

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Brigham, Reedville, and duty there till December 25, 1861. Companies "A," "B," "C" and "D" left State for An­napolis, Md., December 25, 1861; thence moved to Hilton Head, S. C., February, 1862, and join Regiment. Second Battalion left State for New York December 27, and Third Battalion December 29 for same point; thence sailed for Hilton Head, S. C., January 13, arriving January 20, 1862. Attached to Department of the South to April, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of the South, to Au­gust, 1862. Companies "A" to "H" moved to Fort Monroe August 19, 1862; thence to Washington, D. C., and join Pleasanton's Caval­ry, Army of the Potomac, at Tenallytown, September 3. Attached to Pleasanton's Cavalry, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1862. Averill's Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1865. (4 new Companies, "I," "K," "L," "M," organized December 5, 1863, to January 14, 1864.) Provost Mar­shal's Command, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1865. Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Hilton Head, S. C., till May, 1862. Moved to Edisto Island, S. C., May (Cos. "E" to "M"). Operations on James Island, S. C., June 1-28. Action James Island June 8. Battle of Secessionville June 16 (Co. "H"). Evacuation of James Island and movement to Hil­ton Head June 28-July 7. Poolesville, Md., September 4-5. Sugar Loaf Mountain September 10-11. South Mountain September 14. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. Shepherdstown, W. Va., September 19. Kearneysville, Shephardstown and Smithfield October 16-17. 4 Companies with 5th Corps October 30-November 25. 4 Companies near Hagerstown, Md., till November 16, thence moved to Washington November 16-25, and duty there refitting till December 13. Bloomfield November 2-3. Snicker's Gap November 3-4. Markham Station November 4. Manassas Gap November 5-6. Reconnoissance to Grove Church December 1. Battle of Fredericks­burg, Va., December 12-15. Reconnoissance toward Warrenton December 21-23. Expedition to Richard's and Ellis' Fords December 29-30. Reconnaissance to Catlett's and Rappahannock Station January 8-10, 1863. Elk Run, Auburn, January 9. Near Grove Church January 9. Destruction of Rappahannock Bridge February 5. Hartwood Church February 25. Kelly's Ford March 17. Bealeton March 17. Chancellorsville Campaign, Stoneman's Raid, April 29-May 6. Rapidan Station May 1. Near Prairie Grove June 3. Kelly's Ford, Brandy Station and Stevensburg June 9. Aldie June 17. Upperville June 21. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-3. Emmettsburg July 4. Williamsport July 6-7. Near Harper's Ferry, W. Va., July 14. Old Antietam Forge, near Leitersburg, July 10. Jones' Cross Roads July 12. Shepherdstown July 16. Near Aldie July 31. Scout to Hazel River August 4. Rixeyville August 5. Welford's Ford Au­gust 9. Scout to Barbee's Cross Roads August 24. Scout to Middleburg September 10-11. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Ra­pidan September 13-17. Culpeper C. H. September 13. Rapidan Station September 13-14-15. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. War­renton (or Rappahannock Station) October 12. Auburn and Bristoe October 14. Brentsville October 14. Picket near Warrenton till No­vember 22. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Mine Run November 27. Scout and picket duty at Warrenton till April 21, 1864. Kilpatrick's Raid on Richmond February 28-March 4. Fortifications of Richmond March 1. (Cos. "C," "D" at Headquarters Army of the Potomac, April, 1864, to muster out.) Rapidan Campaign May-June. Todd's Tavern May 5-6. Wilderness May 6-7. Todd's Tavern May 7-8. Corbin's Bridge, Spottsylvania, May 8. Davenport Ford May 9. Sheridan's Raid to James River May 9-24. North Anna River May 9-10. Ground Squirrel Church, Ashland and Yellow Tavern May 11. Brooks' Church, or Richmond Fortificati­ons, May 12. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor May 31-June 1. About Cold Harbor June 1-7. Sumner's Upper Bridge June 2. Sheridan's Trevillian Raid June 7-24. Trevillian Station June 11-12. Newark, or Mallory's Cross Roads, June 12. Black Creek, or Tunstall Station, and White House, or St. Peter's Church, June 21. St. Mary's Church June 24. Camp at Prince George Court House June 27-July 13. Weldon Railroad and Warwick Swamp July 12. At Lee's Mills till July 26. Demonst­ration on north side of James River July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Malvern Hill July 28. Lee's Mills July 30. Scouting duty till August 14. Demonstration north of James River August 14-18. Gravel Hill August 14. Strawberry Plains August 14-18. Charles City Cross Roads August 18. Weldon Railroad August 19-21. Dinwiddie Road, near Ream's Station, August 23. Ream's Station August 25. Hawkinsville September 14. Jerusalem Plank Road September 16. Belcher's Mills September 17. Poplar Grove Church September 29-October 2. Davis' Farm September 30. Arthur's Swamp September 30-October 1. Vaughan Road October 1. (Old members left front for Massachusetts October 25, 1864.) Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. At McCann's Station till November 18. Reconnoissance toward Stony Creek November 7. At Westbrook House till December 1. Stony Creek Station December 1. Belle­field Raid December 7-12. Bellefield December 9-10. At Westbrook House till March 17, 1865. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, Fe­bruary 5-7. Provost duty at City Point till April 2. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Provost duty till May 27. Duty in the Defences of Wa­shington till June 26. Mustered out June 29, 1865, and discharged at Readville, Mass., July 24, 1865.

 

3rd Battalion.-(Cos. "I," "K," "L" and "M.") Duty in District of Beaufort, S. C., till August, 1862. Action at Pocotaligo, S. C., May 22, 1862 (Detachment). Patrol and guard duty and picketing Broad River. Expedition to St. John s Bluff, Fla., September 30-October 13, 1862. Expedition to Pocotaligo, S. C., October 21-23. Pocotaligo Bridge October 21. Caston and Frampton's Plantation October 22. Attached to 10th Army Corps, Dept. of the South. Company "M" at Hilton Head, S. C., and outpost duty at Lawton's Plantation till August, 1863. A Detachment of Company "I" at Folly Island, S. C., till July, 1863, and Morris Island, S. C., to August, 1863. Ba­lance of Company "I" on outpost duty at Hilton Head, S. C., June to August, 1863. Permanently detached from 1st Cavalry by S. C. 346, War Department, August 4, 1863, and designated Independent Battalion, Massachusetts Cavalry (which see).

 

Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 93 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 140 Enlisted men by disease. Total 239.

 

This unit saw action in the East from 1862-1865 fighting at Gettysburg, Kelly's Ford, Brandy Station, Todd's Tavern, the Cavalry Raid on Richmond and others.

 

Literatur:

- Barlett, Henry T. Letter, 1888. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in the 1st Massachusetts Cavalry; later, Vice President of the Cavalry Corps in the Society to the Army of the Potomac. Writes Samuel E. Chamberlain, President of the Cavalry Corps, S.A.P., in 1888, urging him to nominate a cavalryman as the next president of the S.A.P., and cites the importance of the cavalry at the Battle of Gettysburg (1863) (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide - Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Col­lections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms89-031)

- Crowninshield, Benjamin W.: A History of the First Regiment of Massachusetts Cavalry Volunteers (Boston: Houghton-Mifflin & Company, 1891); Bibliothek Ref ameridownload Massachusetts 1st Cavalry (Crowninshield)

 

 

2nd Regiment Massachusetts Cavalry:

Col (Major) Caspar *Crowninshield

 

Overview:

Company "A" organized at San Francisco, Cal., December 10, 1862. Arrived at Readville, Mass., January 4, 1863. Companies "B," "C," "D," "G," "H," "I" and "K" organized at Camp Meigs, Readville, Mass. Companies "E," "F," "L" and "M" organized at San Francisco, Cal., February and March, 1863. Left San Francisco for Readville, Mass., March 21 and joined Regiment at Readville, Mass., as California Battalion April 16, 1863.

 

Companies "A," "B," "C," "D" and "K" left Massachusetts for Baltimore, Md.; thence moved to Fortress Monroe, Va., February 12-18, 1863; thence moved to Gloucester Point, Va., February 19. Attached to Cavalry Command, 4th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia. Engaged in picket and outpost duty and scouting till July, 1863. Reconnoissance from Gloucester March 30. Expedition to Gloucester Court House April 7. Companies "A" and "B" moved to Williamsburg, Va., and reconnoissance to White House April 27-May 14. Ex­pedition to King and Queen County May 6. Companies "C," "D" and "K" moved to West Point May 15 and duty there till June 1. Dix's Peninsula Campaign June 24-July 7. Expedition to South Anna Bridge June 23-28. Action at Hanovertown and South Anna Bridge June 26. Expedition from White House to South Anna River July 1-7. Expedition to Gloucester Court House July 25. Moved to Washington, D. C., July 27-29, and joined Regiment at Centreville, Va., August 6.

 

Companies "E," "F," "G," "H," "I," "L" and "M" moved from Readville, Mass., to Washington, D. C., May 11-16, 1863. Attached to Casey's Provisional Troops, 22nd Corps, to August, 1863. King's Division, 22nd Corps, to September, 1863. Cavalry Brigade, 22nd Corps, to August, 1864. Reserve Cavalry Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to September, 1864. 3rd (Reserve) Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Shenandoah and Army of the Potomac, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at East Capital Hill, Defences of Washington, D. C., till May 30, 1863, and at Camp Brightwood June 1-11. Moved to Pooles­ville, Md., June 23, and patrol duty in rear of the Army of the Potomac June 23-July 3. Brockville July 1. Scout near Dawsonville July 3-9. Reconnoissance to Ashby's Gap July 11-14. Action at Ashby's Gap July 12. Rockville, Md., July 13. Reconnoissance to Warrenton July 20-21. Skirmishes at Warrenton July 21 and 31. Operations about Fairfax Court House July 28-August 3. Near Aldie July 30. Duty at Centreville, Va., operating against Moseby till October 6. Companies "C," "F," "G" and "I" detached at Muddy Branch September 15, 1863, to March 8, 1864. Warrenton Pike August 17. Coyle's Tavern, near Fairfax Court House, August 24. Ex­peditions from Centreville August 15-19, September 18-20 and October 2-5. Ordered to Fairfax Court House October 6, thence to Vi­enna October 9 and duty there till May 24, 1864. Scout to Gum Springs October 12-13, 1863. Near Annandale October 22. Tyson's Cross Roads November 14. Reconnoissance to Blue Ridge Mountains November 18-26. Picket attacks December 12-23. Affair at Germantown December 13 (Detachment). Scout from Vienna to Middleburg December 18-20. Skirmish with Moseby December 29. Near Ellis and Ely's Fords January 17, 1864. Ellis Ford January 26. Scout to Aldie February 4-6. Aldie February 5. Near Circlesville February 21. Dranesville February 22. Scout to Farmwell February 25-26. Companies "B," "D," "E" and "M" relieve Companies "C," "F," "G" and "I" at Muddy Branch March 8. Expedition to Faquier and Loudoun Counties April -. Affair Leesburg April 19 (Detach­ment). Action with Moseby near Leesburg April 28. Scout to Upperville April 28-May 1. Patrol duty on Orange & Alexandria Rail­road May --. Moved to Fall's Church May 24. Escort wounded from the Wilderness June 8-14. Point of Rocks July 5. Action with Moseby at Mt. Zion Church, near Aldie, July 6. Frederick Pike July 7-8. Tennallytown July 10. Fort Reno and near Fort Stevens July 11. Fort Stevens and about Northern Defences of Washington July 11-12. Rockville, Md., July 13. Poolesville, Md., July 14. Pursuit of Early to Snicker's Gap July 14-23. Snicker's Gap July 17-18. At Rockville July 26-August 9. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Cam­paign August to November. Shepherdstown August 10. White Post August 12. Strasburg August 15. Winchester August 17 and 18. Opequan Creek August 18. Near Opequan Creek August 19. Berryville Pike August 20. Summit Point August 21. Charleston August 21-22. Halltown August 22-24. Summit Point August 25-27. Smithfield August 29. Berryville September 3-4. Berryville Pike Sep­tember 4. Opequan Creek September 7. Locke's Ford, Opequan Creek, September 13. Sevier's Ford, Opequan Creek, September 15. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Front Royal and Snake Mountain September 20. Fisher's Hill September 21. Milford September 22. Mill's Ford September 23. Toll Gate, near Front Royal, September 23. Luray Valley September 24. Port Republic Sep­tember 26-27. Rockfish Gap September 28. Waynesboro September 28, 29 and 30 and October 2. Mt. Crawford October 2. Tom's Brook, "Woodstock Races," October 8-9. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Guarding Winchester & Potomac Railroad November 3-28. Near Kernstown November 11. Expedition to Loudoun and Faquier Counties November 28-December 3. Expedition to Gordons­ville December 19-28. Madison Court House December 20. Gordonsville December 23. Charlottesville December 24. At Camp Rus­sell, near Winchester, January 1 to February 27, 1865. Sheridan's Raid to White House Landing February 27-May 25. Occupation of Staunton March 2. Waynesborough March 2. Duguidsville March 8. South Anna Bridge March 14. Destruction of Virginia Central Railroad and James River Canal. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. White Oak Road, near Five Forks, March 30. Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Scott's Cross Roads April 2. Tabernacle Church or Beaver Pond Creek April 4. Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox Station April 8. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. At Nottaway Station till April 19. Expedition to Danville April 23-29. Near Petersburg to May 10. March to Washington, D. C., May 10-16. Grand Review May 23. Near Cloud's Mills May 29-June 26, and at Fairfax Court House till July 20. Mustered out July 20, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 8 Officers and 82 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 138 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 231.

 

Literatur:

- Parson, Thomas E. Bear Flag and Bay State in the Civil War: The Californians of the Second Massachusetts Cavalry. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 2001

 

 

3rd Massachusetts Cavalry Regiment:

s. Reverend James K. *Ewer; Pvt Russell C. *Eliott (Co B); Pvt Dudley *Gale

 

Medal of Honor: Pvt Russell C. *Eliott (Co B);

 

Literatur:

- Ewer, James K. (Reverend 3rd Mass Cavalry): The Third Massachusetts Cavalry in the War for the Union (Maplewood, Massachu­setts 1903)

- Gale, Dudley: Letter, 1862, n.d. Union soldier in the 3rd Massachusetts Cavalry during the Civil War. Two letters, one written on December 5, 1862, from Gale in New Orleans, Louisiana, and the other on July 23, year unknown, from an unknown place. Both are to his mother in Salisbury Point, Massachusetts. Writes about a recent illness he suffered and a friend with whom he enlisted, who is now going home, and his happiness that a furlough home is pending. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 92-014).

 

 

5th Massachusetts Cavalry Regiment:

Col Charles Francis *Adams jr; Adams war zunächst Captain in der *1st Massachusetts Cavalry, dann LtCol 5th Massachusetts Ca­valry 8.9.1864; Col 14.5.1865

 

 

 

 

 

 

d. Artillery:

 

1st Massachusetts Light Artillery:

s. auch 2nd Independence Battery, Massachusetts Light Artillery

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, a.a.O., S. 151, 152

 

 

1st Regiment Massachusetts Heavy Artillery:

s. Pvt Eliazer C. *Bennett (Co. A); Pvt George W. *Chamberlain (Co. L); Samuel *Melvin

 

Overview:

Organized as 14th Massachusetts Infantry July 5, 1861. Designation changed to 1st Heavy Artillery January 1, 1862. Attached to Wadsworth's Command, Military District of Washington, January to May, 1862. Whipple's Brigade, Military District of Washington, to December, 1862. Artillery, District of Alexandria, Defences of Washington, to February, 1863. Artillery, District of Alexandria, 22nd Army Corps, to April, 1863. 1st Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, DeRussy's Divi­sion, 22nd Army Corps, to May, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Tyler's Heavy Artillery Division, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1864. 2nd Bri­gade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1865. Defences of Washington, 22nd Army Corps, to August, 1865. (Cos. "B," "C," "H" and "I" attached to Defences of Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, October, 1862, to March, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to June, 1863. Maryland Brigade, French's Command, 8th Army Corps, to July, 1863. Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1863. Unattached, Maryland Heights Division, Dept. of West Virginia, to December, 1863.)

 

Service:

Garrison duty in the Defences of Washington at Forts Albany, Runyon, Scott, Richardson, Barnard, Craig and Tillinghast till August 23, 1862. Moved to Cloud's Mills August 23. March to Manassas, Va., August 26-30. Return to Washington and garrison Forts Alba­ny, Craig, Tillinghast, Woodbury and DeKalb, Defences South of the Potomac till May, 1864. (Cos. "H" and "I" detached September 27, 1862, and moved to Harper's Ferry, W. Va. Co. "C" ordered to Harper's Ferry October 27, 1862. Co. "B" ordered to Harper's Fer­ry, W. Va., December 23, 1862; garrison duty there till July 1, 1863. Co. "I" moved to Winchester June 10, 1863, and participated in the Battle of Winchester June 13-15, and retreat to Harper's Ferry. Defence of Harper's Ferry June 16-July 1. Evacuation of Harper's Ferry and march, to Frederick, Md., July 1-2. Duty with Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to July 11-22. Moved to Harper's Ferry July 22 and duty there till December 1, when ordered to Washington and rejoin Regiment.) Regiment moved to join Army of the Potomac at Belle Plain, Va., May 15-16, 1864. Harris Farm, Fredericksburg Road, May 19. Spottsylvania Court House May 19-21. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Pe­tersburg June 16-19. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (Reserve). Strawberry Plains August 14-18. Peeble's Farm September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Expedition to Weldon Railroad December 7-12. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Crow's House March 31. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Sailor's Creek April 6. High Bridge, Cumberland Church, April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Bur­kesville April 11-13 and duty there till May 2. March to Washington May 2-15. Camp at Bailey's Cross Roads till June 15. Grand Re­view May 23. Duty at Forts Ethan, Allen and Marcy till June 27. At Forts C. F. Smith and Strong till July 19, and at Fort Bunker Hill till August 17. Mustered out August 16, 1865, and discharged at Gallop's Island, Boston Harbor, August 25, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 232 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 241 Enlisted men by disease. Total 484.

 

Predecessor units: 

MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEERS 14th REGIMENT INFANTRY.("ESSEX COUNTY REGIMENT"):

Organized at Fort Warren and mustered in July 5, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., August 7. At Camp Kalorama till August 18. Moved to Fort Albany. Garrison duty in the Defences of Washington till January, 1862. Designation of Regiment changed by or­der of the War Department to 1st Massachusetts Heavy Artillery January 1, 1862. (See 1st Heavy Artillery.)

 

Literatur:

- Roe, Alfred S.: The Melvin Monument, Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Concord (Cambridge 1910); 148 pp; story of 3 brothers who ser­ved in First Massachusetts Heavy Artillery; includes Andersonville Diary of Samuel Melvin buried in Andersonville grave.

 

 

1st Independent Battery, Massachusetts Light Artillery:

s. Pvt Andrew J. *Bennett

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Cameron August 27, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., October 3. Attached to Franklin's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to April, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, to October, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till March, 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15, 1862. McDowell's advance on Fredericksburg, Va., April 4-12. Ordered to the Peninsula, Va. Siege of Yorktown, Va., April 22-May 4 (on transports). West Point May 7-8. Mechanicsville June 12. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Mechanicsville June 26. Gaines Mill June 27. Gol­ding's Farm and Fort Davidson June 28. Charles City Cross Roads June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Ball's Bluff till August 16. Retre­at from the Peninsula and movement to Centreville August 16-27. In works at Centreville August 27-31. Assist in checking Pope's rout at Bull Run August 30, and cover retreat to Fairfax Court House September 1. Maryland Campaign September-October. Cramp­ton's Gap, Md., September 14. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. At Downsvllle, Md., till October 29. Movement to Fal­mouth, Va., October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 11-15. Burnside's Second Campaign, "Mud March," January 20-24, 1863. At White Oak Church till April. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Franklin's Crossing, Deep Run, June 5-13. Battle of Gettys­burg, Pa., July 2-4. Moved to Boonsboro, Williamsport, Berlin and Warrenton, Va., July 5-25. Camp at Warrenton till Sep­tember 15; and at Stone House Mountain till October 5. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock No­vember 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Camp at Brandy Station till May, 1864. Cam­paign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Spottsylvania May 8-12. Spott­sylvania C. H. May 12-21. "Bloody Angle" May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 17-July 9. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Moved to Washington, D. C., July 9-12. Repulse of Early's attack on Washington July 12. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August-October. Battle of Opequan, Win­chester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Moved to Boston October 2-12. Mustered out October 19, 1864, ex­piration of term.

 

Battery lost during service 6 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 15 Enlisted men by disease. Total 21.

 

Literatur:

Bennett, A. J.: The Story of the 1st Massachusetts Light Battery Attached to the Sixth Army Corps (Deland and Barta: Boston, 1886)

 

 

2nd Massachusetts Artillery Regiment:

s. Pvt. F. *Calkins

 

Literatur:

- Calkins, F.: Letter: 1863. Soldier in the 2nd Massachusetts Artillery. Letter written to "Dear Friend" from Newbern, North Carolina, September 10, 1863. Calkins exalts the power of Christ, and despairs that his fellow soldiers "care only for things that are low and devilish and seek only to gratify their lusts and passions." Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Ma­nuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms89-045).

 

 

2nd Independence Battery, Massachusetts Light Artillery:

s. Lt William *Marland

 

Medal of Honor: Lt William *Marland

 

 

3rd Independent Battery Massachusetts Light Artillery:

s. Captain Augustus P. *Martin

 

Overview:

Organized at Boston September 5, 1861. Moved to Washington, D. C., September 5-11. Attached to Porter's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army Potomac, to May, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to June, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 5th Army Corps, to September, 1864.

 

SERVICE:

At Hall's Hill, Va., Defences of Washington, till March, 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15. Moved to Fortress Monroe March 21-24. Reconnoissance to Big Bethel March 27. Warwick Road April 5. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Hanover C. H. May 27. Operations about Hanover C. H. May 27-29. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battles of Mechanicsville June 26; Gaines' Mill June 27; White Oak Swamp and Turkey Bridge June 30; Malvern Hill July 1. At Ball's Bluff till August 15. Move­ment to Fortress Monroe, thence to Manassas, Va., August 15-28. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 28-September 2. Groveton August 29. Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September-October. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17 (Re­serve). Shephardstown September 19. At Sharpsburg till October 30. Reconnoissance to Leetown October 16-17. Leetown Octo­ber 17. Movement to White Plains and Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg December 11-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Duty at Falmouth till April. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 13-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Camp near Rappahannock Station December 4, 1863, to May 1, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Spottsylvania May 3-12. Spottsyl­vania C. H. May 12-21. Spottsylvania Court House May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. To­topotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-19. Siege of Petersburg June 16-September 5. Six Mile House, Weldon Railroad, August 18-21. Left front September 4. Veterans and recruits transferred to 5th Massachusetts Battery August 30. Moved to Boston September 5-9. Mustered out September 16, 1864.

 

Battery lost during service 9 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 10 Enlisted men by disease. Total 19.

 

 

4th Regiment Massachusetts Heavy Artillery_

s. Pvt Aaron G. *Ames (Co B); Pvt. Edward J. *Atkinson (Co. B)

 

Overview:

Organized November l2, 1864, by consolidation of the 17th, 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th, 26th, 27th and 28th Unat­tached Companies Heavy Artillery. Organized August, 1864, for one year's service. Consolidated to a Regiment November 12, 1864. Attached to 3rd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington. Garrison duty in the Defences of Washington, south of the Potomac, till June, 1865. Mustered out June 17, 1865.

 

Lost during service 2 Officers and 23 Enlisted men by disease. Total 25.

 

 

5th Massachusetts Battery:

s. L. *Cowles

 

eingesetzt bei Yorktown, Mechanicsville, Malvern Hill, Second Manassas, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Petersburg and more. This battery suffered the greatest percentage of loss in battle of any light battery in volunteer ser­vice.

 

Literatur:

- Appleton, Nathan, et. al.: History of the Fifth Massachusetts Battery (Boston: Luther Cowle, Publishers, 1902)

- Cowles, L.: History of the Fifth Massachusetts Battery (Butternut and Blue); 1000 pp; Maps; Illustrations; Index; Roster; Brand New Reprint of Scarce 1902 Regimental. Details of action at Yorktown, Mechanicsville, Malvern Hill, Second Manassas, Fredericks­burg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Petersburg and more. This battery suffered the greatest percentage of loss in battle of any light battery in volunteer service.

 

 

9th Independent Battery, Massachusetts Light Artillery (Bigelow's Battery):

s. Captain John *Bigelow; 1st Sergeant Levi Wood *Baker (Co. 9)

 

zu der 9th Massachusetts Light Artillery gehörte John *Bigelow's Battery

 

Photos:

- Bigelow's Battery: Dead Horses at the Trostle Farm, Gettysburg Juli 1863 (vgl. Thomas, Dean S.: Cannons, a.a.O., S. 4)

 

Literatur:

- Baker, Levi Wood: History of the Ninth Massachusetts Battery (Bigelow's Battery) (Lakeview Press, Framingham 1888) (PDF-Datei in Archiv Ref, Dokumente ameridownload)

- Bigelow, John (9th Mass Artillery): The Peach Orchard, Gettysburg, 2. Juli 1863 (Minneapolis 1910) (PDF-Datei in Archiv Ref, Dokumente ameridownload)

 

 

10th Independent Battery Massachusetts Light Artillery:

s. Pvt John D. *Billings

 

Overview:

Organized at Lynnfield and mustered in September 9, 1862. Left State for Washington, D. C., October 14. Attached to Grover's Bri­gade, Military District of Washington, to February, 1863. Jewett's Brigade, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington, to June, 1863. French's Command, 8th Army Corps, to July, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864. Artil­lery Brigade, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Camp Barry, Defences of Washington, October 17 to December 26, 1862. Moved to Poolesville, Md., December 26-28, and duty there till June 24, 1863. Removed to Maryland Heights June 24, thence to Frederick City and Frederick Junction June 30-July 1. March to Williamsport July 8-11. Near Antietam Bridge July 12-14. Operations in Loudoun Valley July 17-31. Wapping Heights July 23. Near Warrenton July 26-31. At Sulphur Springs July 31-September 15. Near Culpeper September 17-October 10. Bristoe Cam­paign October 10-22. Auburn October 13. Near Fairfax Station October 15-19. At Auburn October 21-30. At Warrenton Junction till November 6. Kelly's Ford November 7. At Brandy Station November 9-25. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Mine Run November 27. At Brandy Station December 3, 1863, to April 8, 1864, and at Stevensburg till May 3. Rapidan Campaign May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Spottsylvania May 8-12. Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, Spottsylvania C. H., May 12. Harris Farm, Fredericksburg Road, May 19. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864. Demonstration north of James River July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Straw­berry Plains, Deep Bottom August 14-18. Ream's Station August 25. In trenches before Petersburg in Battery 14 September 24 to Oc­tober 24. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. In Forts Stevenson, Blaisdell and Welch till November 29. Movement to Hatcher's Run December 9-10. In Forts Emery and Siebert till February 5. 1865. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7. Watkins' House March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Moved to Dabney's Mill's March 30. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 8-9. Sailor's Creek April 6. Cover crossing of 2nd Corps at High Bridge, Cumberland Church, April 7. Appomattox C. H. April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Burkesville April 11-14. March to Washington, D. C., May 2-13. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 9 and discharged from service June 14, 1865.

 

Battery lost during service 2 Officers and 6 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 16 Enlisted men by disease. Total 24.

 

Literatur:

- Billings, John D. (10th Mass Artillery): Hard Tack And Coffee (Boston 1888); A SCARCE title that provides incredibly accurate in­sight into the camplife of the Civil War soldier. Nevins says "The best source for the army life and feelings of a Federal soldier; this delightfully written and humerously illustrated work has rightfully become a classic."

- Billings, John D.: The History of the 10th Massachusetts Battery of Light Artillery in the War of the Rebellion, 1862-1865 (Butter­nut and Blue); Reprint of 1881 title; 496 pp; Maps; 26 Portraits; Roster; Index. Based on the authors diary and letter collection. Ne­vins says of this "Among the top dozen unit histories pertaining to the Civil War."

 

 

Bigelow's Battery:

s. Captain John *Bigelow; Levi Wood *Baker

 

Bigelow’s Battery gehörte zur 9th Massachusetts Light Artillery

 

Literatur:

- Baker, Levi Wood: History of the Ninth Massachusetts Battery (Bigelow's Battery) (Lakeview Press, Farmingham 1888)

- Bigelow, John (9th Mass Artillery): The Campaign of Chancellorsville (New Haven 1910; Morningside, Dayton, reprint). Nevins says "A masterful study-one of the very finest written on an American campaign; thoroughly documented and notably impartial." Freeman says "A model in the comprehensive treatment of a battle."

- Bigelow, John (9th Mass Artillery): The Peach Orchard, Gettysburg, 2. Juli 1863 (Butternut and Blue; Reprint of 1910 Original

 

 

 

 

e. Militia:

s. auch Regiments (Militia)

 

 

4th Unattached Company, Massachusetts Infantry (Militia):

s. Musician Walter W. *Doane

 

Overview:

Organized at Readville, Mass., and mustered in for 90 days' service May 3, 1864. On duty at Fort Clark's Point, New Bedford. Mus­tered out August 6, 1864.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

f. Sharpshooters:

 

2nd Company Massachusetts Sharpshooters:

 

Literatur:

- Parker, John L.: Henry Wilson’s Regiment (22nd Mass), the 2nd Company Sharpshooters and the 3rd Light Battery (Butternut and

Blue); 700 pp; Illustrated; New Introduction; Roster; Index. Originally published in 1887, the 22nd Mass was raised through the ef­forts of Senator Henry Wilson. It met its first trial by fire at Yorktown. Later the regiment suffered tremendous casualties at Gaines' Mill. This regiment, part of the 5th Corps, was engaged at Malvern Hill, Shepherdstown, Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. At Gettysburg, the 22nd Mass and the 2nd Company Mass Sharpshooters, were engaged in the wheatfield, near the Rose woods. In 1864 the regiment served at Spotsylvania and the Wilderness, losing a large portion of its rank and file. Due to its heavy losses throughout the war, this regiment earned the distinction of being one of Fox's "Fighting 300" Union regiments. Includes information on 2nd Company Mass Sharpshooters

 

 

 

 

 

 

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