Version 17.3.2017

 

Maryland (US):

 

 

a. allgemeines:

Marylands Truppen kämpften auch auf CS-Seite (vgl. Swank: Courier, a.a.O., S. 9).

 

Literatur:

- Dornbusch, C. E.: Military Bibliographie of the Civil War, 4 vols. Die Ausgabe von 1980 enthält bibliographische Daten zu veröf­fentlichter Literatur zu Maryland Truppen auf beiden Seiten der Kriegsgegner

- US Army Military History Institute Unit Bibliographies (enthält Listen allgemeiner und spezieller Quellen aller US-Einheiten und CS-Einheiten

 

 

 

b. Infantry:

 

1st Regiment Maryland Infantry:

s. Pvt John G. *Stropp (Co. B)

 

Overview:

Organized at Baltimore, Md., and mustered in: Company "A" May 10; Companies "B," "C," May 11; Company "D," May 16, 1861. Moved to Relay House, Md. May 24, 1861. Company "E" mustered in May 25, and Companies "F," "G," "H," "I" and "K" mustered in at Relay House May 27, 1861. Camp at Relay House, on Baltimore & Ohio Railroad till June 6. Moved to Camp Carroll, near Bal­timore, June 6; thence to Frederick City, Md., June 7. March to Middletown and Downsville July 7-10, and to Williamsport July 23. Duty guarding fords and ferries of Upper Potomac, from Williamsport to mouth of Antietam, till October 16. Attached to Defences Upper Potomac, Dept. of the Shenandoah, to October, 1861. Gordon's Brigade, Banks' Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Banks' 5th Army Corps, to April, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of the Shenandoah, to June, 1862. Baltimore, Md., Middle Dept., to September, 1862. Maryland Brigade, Defences Upper Potomac. Middle Dept., to March, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. Maryland Brigade, French's Division, 8th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, to March, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to June, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Action at Shepherdstown, Md., September 3, 1861 (Cos. "E," "G"). March to Darnestown October 16-19. Operations at Conrad's and Edwards' Ferries October 21-26. At Darnestown till December 2. March to Frederick City December 2, thence to Williamsport, Md., December 18, and guard crossing Upper Potomac till January 7, 1862. (Cos. "B," "C," "E" and "G" at Four Locks. Co. "F" at Dam No. 5; then at Four Locks. Co. "A" at Cherry Run, Co. "H" at Old Fort Frederick Cos. "I" and "K" near Fogal's Ferry.) Operations about Dams Nos. 4 and 5 December 17-20, 1861. Skirmishes at Old Fort Frederick December 25 (Co. "H"). Cherry Run December 25 (Co. "A"). Dam No. 5 December 25 (Co. "F"). Forced march to relief of Hancock, Md., January 7. 1862. Duty on Upper Potomac till February 28, 1862 (Cos. "A," "B," "C" and "G" at Millstone Point, "D" at Old Fort Frederick, "F" at Four Locks, "H" at Cherry Run, "I" at Bevan's Hill, "K" at Licking Creek Bridge, and "C" at Baer's School House. March to Williamsport February 28-March 1. Advance on Winchester March 2-12. Skirmish at Bunker Hill March 5. Near Winchester March 8 and 11. Occupation of Winchester March 12. March to Castleman's Ferry and return March 22-23. (Co. "B" detached at Winchester and in battle of March 23.) Pursuit of Jackson to Strasburg March 23-25. Reconnoissance toward Columbia Furnace April 9. Pursuit of Jackson April 17-25. Harrison­burg April 22. March to Strasburg May 1-9. Moved to Front Royal May 16. Operations in the Shenandoah Valley May 16-June 17. Action at Front Royal May 23, mostly captured. Middletown May 24 (Detachment). Winchester May 25(Detachment). Company "E" at Linden Station. Retreat to Manassas Junction May 23-28; thence moved to Baltimore, Md., and duty there till September. Prison­er's exchanged August, 1862. Regiment reorganized at Baltimore and duty there till September 18. Moved to the Antietam September 18. Defence of Williamsport September 20-21. Duty between Williamsport and Hagerstown till December 11. Moved to Maryland Heights December 11-12, and duty there till April 9, 1863. At Bolivar Heights till April 30. Moved to Grafton and Clarksburg, W. Va., to repel Rebel invasion April 30-May 1. Operations against Jones and Imboden May 1-26. Return to Maryland Heights May 26;, and duty there till June 30. Retreat to Frederick, Md., and guard bridges over the Monocacy till July 6. Recapture of Maryland Heights July 7. Joined 1st Army Corps near Boonsboro July 10. Pursuit of Lee to Warrenton, Va., July 10-24. Funkstown, Md., July 12-13. At Warrenton Junction July 25-27. Duty near Rappahannock Station August 4 to September 16. Advance to the Rapidan Sep­tember 16-18. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Bristoe Station October 14. Haymarket October 19. Guard Orange and Alexandria R. R. October 24-November 23. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Near Culpeper till May, 1864. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7. Veterans on furlough April and May. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 4-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Laurel Hill May 8. Spottsylvania May 8-12. Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. "Bloody Angle" May 12. Non-Veterans left front for muster out May 19, 1864. Mustered out May 28, 1864. Harris Farm, Fredericksburg Road, May 19. North Anna River May 23-26. Jericho Ford May 23. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864. Mine Explosion Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (Reserve). Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Yellow House October 2-5. Peeble's Farm November 7-8. Hatcher's Run October 27-28. Warren's Raid on Weldon R. R. December 7-12. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Lewis Farm, near Gravelly Run, March 29. White Oak Road March 31. Five Forks April 1. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee, Appomattox Court House, April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Washington, D. C., May 1-12. Grand Review May 23. Camp at Arlington Heights, Va., till July. Mustered out July 2, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 8 Officers and 110 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 148 Enlisted men by disease. Total 267.

 

This Maryland Union Infantry Regiment fought at Front Royal under Banks and was decimated losing 2/3rds of its men. It went on to fight at Mine Run, Wilderness, Spottsylvania Court House, and Cold Harbor.

 

Literatur:

- **Camper, Chas and J. W. Kirkley: Historical Record of the First Regiment Maryland Infantry (Butternut and Blue; Reprint; Original­ly published 1871); 312 pp and Index; Photos; Rosters

 

 

3rd Regiment Maryland Infantry:

s. Pvt John *Herbert (Co. FCH)

 

Overview:

Organized at Baltimore and Williamsport, Md., June 18, 1861, to February 17, 1862. Companies "A," "B," "C," "D" and "H" organi­zed at Baltimore August, 1861, to February 16, 1862. 4 Companies organized at Williamsport in summer of 1861; assigned as Com­panies "A," "B," "C" and "I." Original Companies "A," "B," "C" and "D" designated Companies "D," "E," "F" and "G." Companies "E," "F," "H" and "I" broken up May 11, 1862, and distributed among Companies "A," "B," "C," "D" and "G." 2 Companies recruited for 4th Maryland Infantry and assigned as Companies "E" and "H." 2 Companies recruited for Dix's Light Infantry and assigned as Companies "I" and "K." Company "F" organized October 15, 1862, at Euston, Md., for 9 months; assigned February, 1863, and mus­tered out September 2, 1863.


Regiment attached to Dix's Division, Baltimore, Md., to May, 1862. 1st Brigade, Sigel's Division, Dept. of the Shenandoah, to June, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia, to August, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, to May, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to Sep­tember, 1863, and Army of the Cumberland to April, 1864. (1st Brigade, 1st Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, April to October, 1864. Non-Veterans.) Regiment, 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, April to June 1, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, to July, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, to July, 1865.

 

Service:

Duty at Baltimore, Md., till May 24, 1862. Moved to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., May 24. Defence of Harper's Ferry May 28-30. Operati­ons in the Shenandoah Valley till August. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-Sep­tember 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21-23. Sulphur Springs August 24. Plains of Manassas August 28-29 (Reserve). Battle of Bull Run August 30 (Reserve). Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Duty at Bolivar Heights September 22 to December 10. Reconnoissance to Rippon, W. Va., November 9. Expedition to Winchester December 2-6. Moved to Fredericksburg December 10-14. At Stafford's Court House December 14, 1862, to April 27, 1863. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-Ju­ly 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. At Raccoon Ford till September. Moved to Brandy Station, thence to Bealeton and to Stevenson, Ala., September 24-October 4. Guard duty on Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad till April, 1864. Veter­ans on furlough March and April. Old members participated in Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 8, 1864. Demonstration on Rocky Faced Ridge May 8-11. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Near Cassville May 19. Advance on Dallas May 22-25. New Hope Church May 25. Battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 26-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Mountain June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Gilgal or Golgotha Church June 15. Mud­dy Creek June 17. Noyes Creek June 19. Kolb's Farm June 22. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Station, Smyrna Camp Ground, July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Operations at Chattahoo­chie River Bridge August 26-September 2. Occupation of Atlanta September 2. Regiment joined 9th Army Corps, Army of the Poto­mac, April, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Nye River May 10; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on Salient May 12. Ox Ford May 21. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Pe­tersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864. Weldon Rail­road August 18-21. Poplar Grove Church September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Fort Stead­man, Petersburg, March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Occupation of Petersburg April 3. March to Farmville April 3-9. Moved to Petersburg and City Point April 20-24, thence to Alexandria April 26-28. Grand Review May 23. Duty in the Dept. of Washington till July. Mustered out July 31, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 8 Officers and 83 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 130 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 225.

 

 

3rd Regiment, Maryland Infantry, Potomac Home Brigade:

s. Pvt Edward *Tevis (Co. D)

 

Overview:

Organized at Cumberland, Hagerstown and Baltimore, Md., October 31, 1861, to May 20, 1862. Companies "I" and "K" organized at Ellicott's Mills and Monrovia April and May, 1864. Regiment attached to Railroad District West Virginia to January, 1862. Lander's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Railroad District, Mountain Department, to July, 1862. Railroad Brigade, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to September, 1862. Harper's Ferry, W. Va., September, 1862. Annapolis (Md.) 8th Army Corps to July, 1863. 3rd Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, to October, 1863. 1st Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, to July, 1864. Kenly's Inde­pendent Brigade, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, to August, 1864. Kenly's Brigade, Reserve Division, West Virginia, to October, 1864. Reserve Division, West Virginia, to April, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, West Virginia, to May 29, 1865.

 

Service:

Assigned to duty as railroad guard on Upper Potomac in Maryland and Virginia. Action at Grass Lick, W. Va., April 23, 1862. War­densville May 7. Franklin May 10-12. Moorefield June 29. Siege of Harper's Ferry, W. Va., September 12-15. Surrendered September 15. Paroled September 16 and sent to Annapolis, Md. Duty at Annapolis and in the Defences of Baltimore till June, 1863. Guard Wa­shington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, June 28-July 10. At Annapolis, Relay Station, Annapolis Junction and Monocacy till July, 1864. Operations against Early's invasion of Maryland July, 1864. Frederick City July 7-8. Battle of Monocacy July 9. Pursuit of Early till July 30. Snicker's Gap July 18. Bolivar Heights August 6. Halltown August 8. Charlestown August 9. Berryville August 13. Duty in the District of Harper's Ferry, W. Va., till May, 1865. Ordered to Baltimore, Md., May 12, and mustered out May 29, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 8 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 73 Enlisted men by disea­se. Total 83.

 

 

4th Regiment Maryland Infantry (old):

s. Pvt Ignatius Herbert (Co. C)

 

"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.

 

 

6th Regiment Maryland Infantry:

Organized at Baltimore, Md., August 12 to September 3, 1862. Moved to join Army of the Potomac in Western Maryland September 20, 1862. Attached to Kenly's Brigade, Defenses Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to March, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 8th Army Corps, June, 1863. Elliott's Command, 8th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, to June, 1865.

 

SERVICE.--Defense of Williamsport, Md., September 20-21, 1862. Duty between Williamsport and Hagerstown, Md., until Decem­ber 11. Moved to Maryland Heights December 11-12 and duty there until March 28, 1863. Moved to Berryville March 28. Action at Kelly's Ford June 10. Berryville June 13. Opequan Creek June 13. Retreat to Winchester June 13. Battle of Winchester June 14-15. Retreat to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., June 15-16; thence to Washington, D. C, July 1-4. Join Army of the Potomac July 5. Pursuit of Lee Go Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24, Wapping Heights, Va., July 23. Duty on line of the Rappahannock until August 15. Detached for duty in New York during draft disturbances until September 5. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Culpeper Court House October 11. Bristoe Station October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Kelly's Ford November 7. Brandy Station Novem­ber 8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Payne's Farm November 27. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Spotsylvania May 8-12. Spotsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, "Bloody Angle," May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 18-July 6. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Ream's Station June 29. Moved to Baltimore, Md., July 6-8. Battle of the Monocacy July 9. Pursuit of Early to Snicker's Gap July 14-24. Snicker's Ferry July 17-18. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 6-November 28. Charleston August 29. Battle of Winchester September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Kernstown until Decem­ber. Moved to Washington, D.C., thence to Petersburg, Va., December 3-6. Siege of Petersburg December 6, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Fort Fisher, Petersburg, March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Danville, Va., April 23-27, and duty the­re until May 18. March to Richmond, Va., thence to Washington, D.C., May 18-June 3. Corps Review June 8. Mustered out June 20, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 8 Officers and 120 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 107 Enlisted men by disease. Total 236.

 

 

7th Maryland Infantry Regiment:

s. Pvt. Charles *Baumer

 

Overview:

Organized at Baltimore, Md., August and September, 1862. Moved to the Antietam September 18, 1862. Attached to Kenly's Mary­land Brigade, Defences Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to March, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. Maryland Brigade, French's Division, 8th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, to March, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Di­vision, 5th Army Corps, to June, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to May, 1865.


Service:

Defence of Williamsport, Md., September 20-21, 1862. Duty between Williamsport and Hagerstown till December 11. Moved to Ma­ryland Heights December 11-12, and duty there till April 9, 1863. At Bolivar Heights till April 30. Moved to Grafton and Clarksburg, W. Va., to repel invasion. Operations against Jones and Imboden May 1-26. Return to Maryland Heights May 26, and duty there till June 30. Retreat to Frederick, Md., June 30. Guard bridges over Monocacy till July 6. Reoccupation of Maryland Heights July 7. Joi­ned 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, near Boonsborough, Md., July 10. Pursuit of Lee to Warrenton, Va., July 12-24. Funk­stown July 12-13. At Warrenton Junction July 25-27. Near Rappahannock Station August 4 to September 16. Advance to the Rapidan September 16-18. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Bristoe Station October 14. Haymarket October 19. Guard Orange and Alexandria Railroad October 24 to November 23. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Near Culpeper till May, 1864. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Laurel Hill May 8. Spottsylvania May 8-12. Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. Harris Farm, or Frede­ricksburg Road, May 19. North Anna River May 23-26. Jericho Ford May 23. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopoto­moy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30. Reserve, Weldon Railroad Au­gust 18-21. Poplar Grove Church September 29-October 2. Yellow House October 2-5. Peeble's Farm October 7-8. Davis House Oc­tober 8. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Warren's Raid on Weldon R. R. December 7-12. Dabney's Mills, Hat­cher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Lewis Farm, near Gravelly Run, March 29. Boydton and White Oak Roads March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Appomattox Court Hou­se April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Washington, D. C., May 1-12. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out May 31, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 78 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 109 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 189.

 

Literatur:

- **Keller, S.Roger: Crossroads of War: Washington County Maryland in the Civil War - White Mane - 352pp - Illustrated - Index - Previous unpublished diaries reveal details of camp life and events that occurred as the battle of Antietam swirled around the area, including details on Confederate wounded at Hagerstown Seminary Hospital in 1863 and the story of camp life with the 7th Maryland Infantry

 

 

13th Regiment, Maryland Infantry:

s. Pvt William S. *Preston (Co. C)

 

Overview:

Organized from Veterans 1st Potomac Home Brigade Infantry March 1, 1865. Designated 13th Regiment Infantry April 8, 1865. Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, West Virginia. Assigned to duty at Martinsburg, W. Va., and on Baltimore & Ohio Railroad from Martinsburg to Harper's Ferry. Mustered out May 29, 1865.


Predecessor unit:

Maryland Volunteers, 1st Regiment Potomac Home Brigade Infantry


Organized at Frederick City, Md., August 15 to December 13, 1861. Attached to Banks' Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Unassigned, Banks' 5th Corps, and Dept. of the Shenandoah to May, 1862. Railroad District, Middle Department, to July, 1862. Railroad District, 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., to September, 1862. Annapolis, Md., 8th Army Corps, to March, 1863. 1st Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. Lockwood's Brigade, 8th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, July, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Maryland Heights, Division West Virginia, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. Reserve Division, Harper's Ferry, W. Va., to January, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Di­vision, West Virginia, to April, 1865.

 

Service:

Railroad guard duty till March, 1862. Advance on Winchester, Va., March 7-12. Strasburg March 27. Guarding Baltimore & Ohio Railroad till May. Concentrated at Harper's Ferry May 24, and action at Loudon Heights May 27. Defence of Harper's Ferry May 28-30. Guard Baltimore & Ohio Railroad till September. Action at Monocacy Aqueduct September 4. Poolesville September 5. Concentrated at Sandy Hook and march to Harper's Ferry. Siege of Harper's Ferry September 12-15. Maryland Heights September 13. Harper's Ferry September 14-15. Surrendered September 15 and paroled September 16. Sent to Annapolis, Md., and when exchanged assigned to duty on the Potomac in Southern Maryland to June, 1863. Martinsburg June 14. At point Lookout June Joined Lockwood's Brigade and march to Gettysburg, Pa., June 25-July 2. Battle of Gettysburg July 2-3. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. Guard duty on Baltimore & Ohio Railroad in Maryland and Virginia till May, 1864. Operations against Early's invasion of Maryland June and July. Duffield Station June 29. Battle of Monocacy July 9. Moved from Monocacy to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., and duty in that district till April, 1865. Mustered out August to December, 1864. Recruited to a full Regiment and designation changed to 13th Maryland Infantry April 8, 1865, which see.


Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 42 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 85 Enlisted men by disease. Total 131.

 

 

 

 

c. Cavalry:

 

1st Regiment Maryland Cavalry:

s. Corporal John *Dunne; Pvt Thomas *Harrison (Co. M)

 

Overview:

Organized at Baltimore and Williamsport, Md., Pittsburg, Pa., and Washington, D. C., August, 1861, to June, 1862. Companies "A," "B," "C," "D," and "F" organized at Baltimore, Md. Company "G" organized at Pittsburg, Pa., as Patterson's Union Cavalry April 5, 1861. Companies "H" and "I" organized in Washington and Allegheny Counties, Pa. Company "K" organized at Allegheny City, Pa., as Morehead's Cavalry Company August 19, 1861. Companies "L" and "M" organized at Washington, D. C., May, 1862. Companies "G," "H," "I" and "K" were attached to 1st Virginia Union Cavalry August, 1861, to January, 1862, when assigned to 1st Maryland Cavalry. Regiment attached to Dix's Command, Baltimore, Md., to March, 1862 (Cos. "A," "B," "C," "D," "E" and "F"). Department of West Virginia to March, 1862 (Cos. "G," "H," "I," "K"). (Co. "K" ordered to Washington, D. C., August 19, 1861. Attached to Lan­ders' Command, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Duty at Williamsport, Hancock and Cumberland, Md.) Hatch's Cavalry Bri­gade, Dept. of the Shenandoah, to June, 1862. Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Cavalry Brigade, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to February, 1863. Defences Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, to October, 1863. Provost Marshal General's Command, Army of the Potomac, to February, 1864. 3rd Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., to June, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps, Army of the James, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to October, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to April, 1865. Cavalry, Dept. of Virginia, to August, 1865.

 

Service:

Skirmishes at Edward's Ferry September 3-4, 1861 (Co. "K"). Action at Greenbrier, W. Va., October 3, 1861 (Co. "G"). Ball's Bluff, Va., October 21, 1861 (Detachment). Stone's Cross Roads, Ball's Bluff, Bath and Alpine Station, January 4, 1862 (Cos. "G," "H" and "I"). Hancock January 5-6 (Co. "K"). Bloomery Gap January 7 and February 14 (Co. "I"). Regiment at Baltimore, Md., till March, 1862. Operations in Shenandoah Valley March to June. Advance on Winchester March 7-15. Pursuit of Jackson up the Valley. Retreat to Williamsport, Md., May 24-26. Middletown May 24 (Cos. "A," "B," "C," "G" and "I"). (Cos. "D," "F," "H," "K" and "L" arrive at Harper's Ferry, W. Va., May 25. Winchester May 25 (Cos. "A," "B," "C," "G" and "I"). Charlestown May 28. Defence of Harper's Ferry May 28-30 (Cos. "D," "F" "H" "K" and "L"). Near Harper's Ferry June 9. Expedition to Madison Court House, Culpeper And Orange Court Houses July 12-17. Near Culpeper July 12. Rapidan Station July 13. Madison Court House August 8. Battle of Cedar Creek August 9. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21-23. Fauquier, White Sulphur Springs, August 23-24. Gainesville August 28. Groveton August 29. Bull Run August 30. Chantilly September 1. Eva­cuation of Winchester September 2 (Cos. "H," "I"). Frederick, Md., September 6. Boonsboro, Md., September 7. Near Boonsboro September 10. Maryland Heights and Harper's Ferry September 12-13 (Cos. "H," "I"). Cut way through enemy's lines September 14 (Cos. "H" and "I"). Culpeper September 14. Sharpsburg September 15. Capture of Longstreet's trains (Cos. "H," and "I"). Rapidan Station September 16. Duty in the Defences of the Upper Potomac covering Washington, D. C., till December. Manassas, Va., Octo­ber 23-24. Affair opposite Williamsport October 29 (Detachment). Reconnoissance from Bolivar Heights to Rippon, W. Va., Novem­ber 9 (2 Cos.). Reconnoissance to Winchester December 2-6 (Detachment). Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. Dumfries De­cember 27. Duty in the defences of the Upper Potomac till April, 1863; near Cumberland, Md., Grove Church, near Morrisville, Ja­nuary 26. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Stoneman's Raid April 27-May 8. South Anna Bridge, near Ashland, May 3. Brandy Station, or Fleetwood, and Beverly Ford, June 9. Aldie June 17. Frederick, Md., June 21 (Detachment). Upperville June 23. Middleburg June 25. Westminster June 30. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Emmitsburg July 4-6. Middletown July 5. Leitersburg July 7. Cavetown July 8. Hagerstown and Old Antietam Forge, near Leitersburg, July 10. Shepherdstown July 14 and 16. Beverly Ford September 6. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Culpeper Court House September 13. Rapidan Station September 13 and 15-16. Raccoon Ford September 15. White's Ford September 21. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Germa­nia Ford and James City October 10. Near Warrenton October 11. White Sulphur Springs October 12-13. Bristoe Station October 14. Near Centreville and Brentsville October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Grove Church, near Morrisville, November 26. Parker's Store November 29. Duty in Middle Department till June, 1864. Princeton May 6. Jeffersonville May 8. Wier Bottom Church, on Bermuda Hundred Front, Va., June 16-17. Richmond and Pe­tersburg R. R. June 19. Deep Bottom July 21. New Market Heights July 27-28. Strawberry Plains, north of the James, August 14-18. Flusser's Mills August 14. Deep Run August 16-18. Siege of Petersburg August 25-September 27. Battle of Chaffin's Farm Septem­ber 28-30. New Market Heights October 7. Darbytown Road October 13. Fair Oaks October 27-28. Smithfield December 7. Duty be­fore Richmond to March, 1865. Scout to Long and Bottom's Bridge January 30, 1865. Expedition to Fearnsville and Smithfield Fe­bruary 11-15. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Sutherland Station April 2. Burgess Mills April 3. Deep Creek April 4. Amelia Court House April 5. Sailor's Creek and Harper's Farm April 6. Farmville April 6-7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Danville April 23-29. Duty in the Department of Virginia till August. Mustered out August 8, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 65 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 130 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 201.

 

 

1st Regiment, Maryland Cavalry, Potomac Home Brigade:

s. Col (Captain) Henry A. *Cole (Co, A, F&S)

 

Overview:

Originally organized at Cole's (Co. "A"), Furey's (Co. "B"), Horner's (Co. "C") and Currie's (Co. "D"). Independent Cavalry Compa­nies organized at Frederick, Md., August 10 to November 27, 1861. Served unattached, Dept. of West Virginia, to January, 1862. Lauder's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862 (Cos. "A," "C" and "D"). Unattached, West Virginia, to August, 1862 (Co. "B"). Hatch's Cavalry Brigade, Banks' 5th Army Corps, and Dept. of the Shenandoah to June, 1862. Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Corps, Po­pe's Army of Virginia, to August, 1862, and participated in the following service: South Branch Bridge, W. Va., October 26, 1861 (Co. "B"); Hancock, Md., January 5-6, 1862 (Cos. "A," "C" and "D"); Bloomery Gap February 14. Advance on Winchester March 2-12. Martinsburg March 3. Bunker Hill March 5 (Co. "A"). Between Bunker Hill and Winchester March 7. Stephenson's Depot March 7-8. Winchester March 12. Kernstown March 22. Winchester March 23. Edenburg April 1. Grass Lick, W. Va., April 23 (Co. "B"). Wardensville, W. Va., May 7 (Co. "B"). Charlestown May 28. Companies consolidated to a Battalion August 1, 1862, and designated Cole's Battalion, Potomac Home Brigade Cavalry. Attached to Railroad Brigade, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to September, 1862. Cavalry, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to November, 1862. Defences of Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to March, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Maryland Heights Division West Virginia, to December, 1863. Cavalry Brigade, 1st Division West Virginia, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, West Virginia, to August, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, to October, 1864. Reserve Divi­sion, Harper's Ferry, W. Va., to January, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division West Virginia, to February, 1865. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division West Virginia, to June, 1865.

 

Service:

Leesburg, Va., September 2, 1862. Edwards' Ferry, Md., September 4. Monocacy Creek September 4. Reconnaissance to Lovettsville September 4. Maryland Heights and siege of Harper's Ferry September 12-14. Cut through enemy's lines September 14. Capture of Longstreet's train at Sharpsburg September 15. Glattstoßen, Md., October 12. Charleston November 14. Berryville December 1. Charlestown December 2. Winchester December 5. Halltown December 20. Near Charlestown May 16, 1863. Berryville June 13. Martinsburg June 14. Winchester June 15 (Co. "B"). Williamsport June 15. Catoctin Creek June 17. Frederick, Md., June 21. Sharps­burg July --. Fountain Dale, Pa., July 1. Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Near Emmittsburg July 4. Falling Waters July 6. Harper's Ferry July 6. Smithfield August 23. Scouts into Loudoun County August 25 and September 12-16 and September 21-26. Catoctin Mountain September 14. Loudoun Valley, Va., September 25. Loudoun Valley and Summit Point October 7. Charleston October 7 (Co. "B"). Snickersville, Leesburg, Rector's Cross Roads and Bloomfield September 14. Upperville September 25. Berryville October 18. Near Annandale October 22. Expedition from Charleston to New Market November 15-18. Mt. Jackson November 16. Ashby's Gap No­vember -. Upperville December 10. Edenburg December 17. New Market December 18. Harrisonburg and Staunton December 21. Five Points, Rectortown, January 1, 1864. Loudoun Heights January 10. Romney, Moorfield and Mechanicsville Gap February 4. Re­giment re-enlisted February 13, 1864. Upperville February 20. Veterans on furlough till April. Authority given to increase Battalion to a Regiment, and Companies "E," "F," "G," "H," "I," "K," "L" and M" organized at Baltimore and Frederick February to April 23, 1864. Sigel's Expedition from Martinsburg, W. Va., to New Market April 30-May 16. New Market May 13-15. Hunter's Expedition to Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Harrisonburg June 3. Piedmont June 5. Occupation of Staunton June 6. Tye River June 12. Lexington June 13. Buckhannon June 14. Lynchburg June 17-18. Catawba Mountains and near Salem June 21. Leetown and Shepardstown July 3 (Detachment). Keedysville July 5. Frederick, Md., July 11-12. Maryland Heights, Brownsville, Crampton's Gap and Herndon July -. Purcellsville July 16. Snicker's Ferry July 17-18. Ashby's Gap and Winchester July 19. Kernstown July 23-24. Winchester, Bunker Hill and Martinsburg July 25. Snicker's Gap July 25. Falling Waters July 26. Hagerstown July 29-30. Keedysville August 5. Winches­ter August 17. Opequan Creek August 18, 19 and 20. Near Berryville August 21. Near Charlestown August 21-22. Antietam August 22. Williamsport August 26. Summit Point August 30. White Post September 3. Winchester September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty in West Virginia operating against Moseby and guarding Baltimore & Ohio Railroad till June, 1865. Mustered out June 28, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 45 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 120 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 169.

 

Literatur:

- Tischler, Allan L: The History of the Harper‘s Ferry Expedition, September 14 & 15, 1862 (Five Cedars Press, 1993); 345 pp; Map­ped Endpapers; Photos; Fold-Out Maps; Index; Biblio; Notes; Appendices. Detail of cavalry actions at Harpers Ferry between Cole's Cavalry (1st Maryland), 12th Virginia Cavalry, Loudoun Rangers, 7th Rhode Island Cavalry, 12th Illinois Cavalry, 8th New York Ca­valry

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d. Artillery:

 

1st Maryland Artillery:

 

 

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