Version 17.3.2017

 

Colored US-Troops:

 

a. allgemeines:

Truppen von Afro-Amerikanern wurden von George Washington bereits im amerikanischen Unabhängigkeitskrieg eingesetzt, wo seit 1777 etwa 5000 Mann auf Seiten der Amerikaner kämpften, gegen die Zusage der Freilassung nach Kriegsende. In der CSA rang sich allerdings nur Maryland zur Rekrutierung von Schwarzen durch, während Virginia lediglich Ausnahmen zuließ und das Parlament von South Carolina die vorgeschlagene Bewaffnung der Schwarzen entschieden ablehnte (vgl. Heideking, Geschichte der USA, a.a.O., S. 52). Die Engländer rekrutierten in den Südstaaten Tausende von Sklaven für die loyalistische Seite unter dem Versprechen der Freilassung (vgl. Heideking, a.a.O., S. 55).

 

Farbige US-Truppen wurden im Bürgerkrieg erstmals von Gen. Benjamin *Butler im Oktober 1862 eingesetzt. Butler, der in New Orleans keine Unterstützung aus Washington erfahren konnte, stellte drei Regimenter aus "Free coloured Men" auf, die sich als brauchbare Soldaten erwiesen und zugleich nachwiesen, daß sie der Freiheit würdig waren. Gleichzeitig erlies Butlers Administration Bestimmungen, daß Schwarze vor dem Gesetz den Weißen gleichgestellt waren.

 

US-Finanzminister Chase (vgl. Chase: Diary, a.a.O., S. 71) berichtet am 1.5.1862 von einem Gespräch mit Gen. Saxton, der gerade von Sherman's Port Royal Expedition zurückgekehrt war. Saxton (Military Governor of the Department of the South von 1862-65) erwähnt, daß er gerade vom Secretary of War Stanton ermächtigt worden war, an die farbigen Männer im neu eroberten Port Royal ein- oder zweitausend rote Flanell-Hemden auszufertigen, im Blick auf eine Aufstellung der Betreffenden. Waffen waren jedoch noch nicht ausgegeben worden.

 

+++vgl. zur Entwicklung der Aufstellung farbiger Regimenter nach Lincoln's *Emancipation Declaration": McPherson: Für die Frei­heit, a.a.O., S. 553-555; Foner: Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 8

 

Der First Emancipation Act vom August 1861, der Second Emancipation Act vom Juli 1862 regelte die rechtliche Situation von Skla­ven, die die US-Linien überschritten. Der Militia Act vom Juli 1862 eröffnete schließlich die rechtliche Möglichkeit, Schwarze in das US Militär aufzunehmen (vgl. Weaver, a.a.O., S. 7; Berlin et. al.: Slaves No More, a.a.O., S. 21, 40-41; Glatthaar: Forged in Battle, a.a.O., S. 4, 7; McPherson: Negro's Civil War, a.a.O., S. 165).

 

Im April 1865 waren knapp 10% der Soldaten der US-Army und Navy farbig, 178975 in der Army, 9596 in der Navy (vgl. Berlin, Ira et. al.: Slaves No More: Three Essays on Emancipation and the Civil War [New York, 1992], S. 203, 206; Weayer, a.a.O., S. 1)

 

Literatur, allgemein:

- **Bearss, Edwin: Historic Resource Study of Ship Island (1984)

- **Bearss, Edwin: Vorwort zu: Weaver, C. P. (ed.): Thank God my Regiment is an African One: The Civil War Diary of Colonel Na­than W. Daniels (Louisiana State University Press, 1998; Taschenbuchausgabe 2000); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik131

- **Berlin, Ira et. al.: Slaves No More: Three Essays on Emancipation and the Civil War [New York, 1992], S. 203, 206

- **Berlin, Ira et. al. (eds.): Freedom: A Documentary History of Emancipation 1861-1867 (4 vols), Ser. 2: The Black Military Experi­ence (New York, 1982)

- **Berry, Mary F.: Negro Troops in Blue and Gray: The Louisiana Native Guard 1861-1863; in: Louisiana History, VIII (Spring 1967)

- **Bilby, Joseph G: Forgotten Warriors: New Jersey‘s African American Soldiers in the Civil War (Longstreet House). The first mono­graph on black soldiers from a single state. Published with the aid of a grant from the New Jersey Historical Commission. A 72 page booklet including 11 illustrations, and index

- **Califf, Joseph, attr.: Record of the Services of the Seventh Regiment of U.S. Colored Troops (Providence, R.I., 1878)

- **Cornish, Dudley Taylor: The Sable Arm: Black Troops in the Union Army, 1861-65 (1956, reprint Lawrence / Kansas, 1987): grundle­gendes Werk

- **Glatthaar, Joseph: Forged in Battle: The Civil War Alliance of Black Soldiers and White Officers (New York, 1990)

- **Hargrove, Hondon B.: Black Union Soldiers in the Civil War (McFarland Publishing); 270 pp; Photos; Tables; Appendix; Notes; Bi­bliography; Index; Avery well researched and scholarly analysis that details Black soldiers contributions to the war. By wars end, Black soldiers had numbered over 187,000 and many were awarded the Medal of Honor

- **Higginson, Thomas Wentworth: Army Life in a Black Regiment (1869, reprinted New York 1984)

- **Hollandsworth, James G.: The Louisiana Native Guards: The Black Military Experience During the Civil War (Baton Rouge: Press, 1995)

- McPherson: Für die Freiheit, a.a.O., S. 553-555

- **McPherson, James M.: The Negro's Civil War: How American Negroes Felt and Acted During the War for the Union (New York, 1965)

- **Quarles, Benjamin: The Negro in the Civil War (Boston 1953, reprinted New York, 1989)

- **Shaffer, Donald R.: After the Glory: The Struggles of Black Civil War Veterans (2004). Traces the efforts of black veterans to secure authonomy, equality as civilians, and dignified manhood, and the obstacles they encountered as their lives assumed patterns, and they struggled with political involvement, family and martial life, experiences with social welfare, comradship with other veterans, and memories to the war.

- Thornbrough: Indiana in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 137 ff

- **Weaver, C. P. (ed.): Thank God my Regiment is an African One: The Civil War Diary of Colonel Nathan W. Daniels (Louisiana State University Press, 1998; Taschenbuchausgabe 2000); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik131

- **Westwood, Howard C.: Black Troops, White Commanders, and Freedmen During the Civil War (Carbondale, Ill., 1992)

- **Williams, George W.: A History of the Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865 (New York, 1888)

- **Wilson, Joseph T.: The Black Phalanx: A History of the Negro Soldiers of the United States Wars 1775-1812 and 1861-1865, 1890 (reprint New York, 1994)

 

 

b. Infantry:

 

 

7th US Colored Regiment:

 

Literatur:

- **Califf, Joseph, attr.: Record of the Services of the Seventh Regiment of U.S. Colored Troops (Providence, R.I., 1878)

 

 

9th Regiment United States Colored Infantry:

s. Pvt George W. *Downing (Co. G)

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Stanton, Md., November 11-30, 1863. Duty at Benedict, Md., till March, 1864. Moved to Port Royal, S. C., March 3-7. Attached to District of Hilton Head, S. C., Dept. of the South, to April, 1864. District of Beaufort, S. C., Dept. of the South, to August, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 10th Corps, Army of the James, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to Decem­ber, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 25th Corps, to January, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 25th Corps, to January, 1866. Dept. of Texas to November, 1866.

 

Service:

Duty at Hilton Head, S. C., till April, 1864, and at Port Royal Island, S. C., till June. Ashepoo Expedition May 24-27. Expedition to Johns and James Islands June 30-July 10. Engaged July 7 and 9. Duty at Beaufort, S. C., till August. Moved to Bermuda Hundred, Va., August 4-8 Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond August, 1864, to April, 1865. Demonstration on north side of Ja­mes River August 13-18. Skirmishes at Deep Bottom August 14-15. Russell's Mills August 16. Moved to Bermuda Hundred front August 18, thence to Petersburg August 24, and duty in trenches till September 26. Demonstration on north side of James September 26-30. Battle of Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30. Fort Gilmer September 29. Darbytown Road October 13. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28. In trenches before Richmond till April, 1865. Occupation of Richmond April 3. Duty at Rich­mond, Petersburg and City Point till June. Moved to Brazos Santiago, Texas, June 7-July 1, thence to Brownsville. Duty at Browns­ville and on the Rio Grande, Texas, till October, 1866. Ordered to New Orleans, La., October 2. Mustered out November 20, 1866.


Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 46 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 266 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 315.

 

 

19th US Colored Infantry Regiment:

s. Col Henry Goddard *Thomas (16.1.1864-3,5,1864)

 

 

23rd Regiment US Colored Troops:

s. Captain Robert K. *Beecham (Co. B&H)

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp Casey, Va., November 23, 1863, to June 30, 1864. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 9th Corps, Army of the Potomac, April to September, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Corps, to December, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 25th Corps, December, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 25th Corps, and Dept. of Texas, to November, 1865.

 

Service:

Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River, Va., May and June, 1864. Guarding wagon trains Army of the Potomac through the Wilderness. Before Petersburg June 15-18. Siege of Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Mine Explosion, Pe­tersburg, July 30, 1864. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Fort Sedgwick September 28. Poplar Grove Church September 29-30. Boyd­ton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Bermuda Hundred December 13. Duty on the Bermuda Hundred front till March, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Hatcher's Run March 29-31. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Ap­pomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Duty in Dept. of Virginia till May. Moved to Texas May-June. Duty at Brownsville and along the Rio Grande, Texas, till November. Mustered out November 30, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 82 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 165 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 252.

 

 

25th US Colored Regiment:

s. Major Frederick L. *Hitchcock

 

 

29th US Colored Regiment:

das 29th US Colored Regiment war das erste Farbigen-Regiment, das in Illinois aufgestellt wurde. Die Aufstellung erfolgte aufgrund einer Genehmigung des US-Kriegsministeriums im Herbst 1863. Die Aufstellung dauerte ungewöhnlich lange, bedingt durch die niedrigere Besoldung und die geringere Bounty der Neger-Soldaten. Das Regiment wurde im Rekrutierungscamp „Camp Quincy“ / Illinois aufgestellt. Das Regiment verlies Camp Quincy im April 1864 (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 4).

 

The only Black unit raised in Illinois, the 29th Infantry saw action at the Battle of the Crater at Petersburg, and the Siege of Rich­mond

 

Literatur:

- **Miller, Edward A. Jr.: The Black Civil War Soldiers of Illinois: The Story of the Twenty-Ninth U.S. Colored Infantry (Univ S. Caro­lina); 267, pp; Index; Photos; Illustrations; Biblio; Notes

- **Williams, George W.: A History of the Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865 (New York, 1888)

 

 

44th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry:

s. Captain J. Walter *Elliott (Co. B/F)

 

 

47th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry:

s. Major Charles E. *Compton (Co. F&S)

 

Overview:

Organized March 11, 1864, from 8th Louisiana Infantry, African Descent. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, U. S. Colored Troops, District of Vicksburg, Miss., to October, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 16th Corps, to November, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, U.S. Colored Troops, District of Vicksburg, Miss., to February, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, U. S. Colored Troops, Mi­litary Division West Mississippi, to June, 1865. Dept. of the Gulf to January, 1866.

 

Service:

Post and garrison duty at Vicksburg, Miss., till October, 1864. Expedition from Haines Bluff up Yazoo River April 19-23. Near Me­chanicsburg April 20. Lake Providence May 27. Moved to mouth of White River, Ark., October 15. Duty there and at Vicksburg, Miss., till February, 1865. Ordered to Algiers, La., February 26 thence to Barrancas, Fla. March from Pensacola, Fla., to Blakely, Ala., March 20-April 1. Siege of Fort Blakely April 1-9. Assault and capture of Fort Blakely April 9. Occupation of Mobile April 12. March to Montgomery April 13-25. Return to Mobile and duty there till June. Moved to New Orleans, La., thence to Texas, and duty on the Rio Grande and at various points in Texas, till January, 1866. Mustered out January 5, 1866.


Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 30 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 398 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 432.


Predecessor unit:

LOUISIANA VOLUNTEERS.8th REGIMENT INFANTRY (AFRICAN DESCENT):


Organized at Lake Providence, La., May 5, 1863. Attached to African Brigade, District of Northeast Louisiana. to July, 1863. Post of Vicksburg, District of Vicksburg, Miss., to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, United States Colored Troops, District of Vicks­burg, March, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty at Lake Providence, La., till July, 1863. Post duty at Vicksburg, Miss., till March, 1864. Expedition up Yazoo River February 1-March 8, 1864. Liverpool Heights February 4. Capture of Yazoo City February 4. Satartia February 7. Occupation of Yazoo City February 9-March 6. Skirmish Yazoo City March 5. Designation of Regiment changed to 47th U. S. Colored Troops March 11, 1864, which see.

 

 

51st Regiment, United States Colored Infantry:

s. Lt Harvey *Annis (Co. G&K; zuvor Pvt Co. F&K, 18th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry)

 

Overview:

Organized March 11, 1864, from 1st Mississippi Infantry (African Descent.) Attached to Post of Goodrich Landing, District of Vicks­burg, Miss., to December, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, United States Colored Troops, District of Vicksburg, Miss., to February, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Steele's Command, Military District of West Mississippi, to June, 1865. Dept. of the Gulf to June, 1866.

 

Service:

At Lake Providence till May, 1864. Post and garrison duty at Goodrich Landing, La., till December, 1864. Action at Langley's Plantation, Issaqueena County, March 22, 1864. Flod, La., July 2. Waterford August 16-17. Duty at Vicksburg, Miss., till February, 1865. Moved to Algiers, La., February 26; thence to Barrancas, Fla. March from Pensacola, Fla., to Blakely, Ala., March 20-April 1. Siege of Fort Blakely April 1-9. Assault and capture of Fort Blakely April 9. Occupation of Mobile April 12. March to Montgomery April 13-25. Duty there and at Mobile till June. Ordered to New Orleans, thence to Texas. Duty on the Rio Grande and at various points in Texas till June, 1866. Mustered out June 16. 1866.


Predecessor unit:

MISSISSIPPI VOLUNTEERS.1st REGIMENT INFANTRY (AFRICAN DESCENT):

 

Organized at Milliken's Bend, La., and Vicksburg, Miss., May 16, 1863. Attached to African Brigade, District of Northeast Louisiana, to July, 1863. Post of Vicksburg, District of Vicksburg, Miss., till March, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty at Milliken's Bend, La., till July 1863. Action at Milliken's Bend June 7, 1863. At Vicksburg, Miss., till March, 1864. Action at Ross' Landing, Grand Lake, February 14, 1864. Designation of Regiment changed to 51st U.S. Colored Troops March 11, 1864, (which see).

 

 

53rd Regiment, United States Colored Infantry:

s. LtCol Charles E. *Compton (Co. F&S)

 

Overview:

Organized March 11, 1864, from 3rd Mississippi Infantry (African Descent). Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, United States Co­lored Troops, District of Vicksburg, Miss., to October, 1864. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 16th Corps, to November, 1864. Dept. of Ar­kansas to February, 1865. District of Vicksburg, Miss., and Dept. of Mississippi to March, 1866.

 

Service:

Post and garrison duty at Haines Bluff, District of Vicksburg, Miss., till October, 1864. Expedition to Grand Gulf March 12-14. Ac­tion at Grand Gulf July 16. Moved to St. Charles, Ark., on White River October, 1864, and duty there till February, 1865. Action on White River, near St. Charles, October 22, 1864. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., February, 1865, and duty there; at Macon, Meridian and other points in the Dept. of Mississippi till March, 1866. Mustered out March 8, 1866.


Predecessor unit:

MISSISSIPPI VOLUNTEERS.3rd REGIMENT INFANTRY (AFRICAN DESCENT):

 

Organized at Warrenton, Miss., May 19, 1863. Attached to African Brigade, District of Northeast Louisiana, to July, 1863. Post Good­rich Landing, District of Vicksburg, Miss., to January, 1864. 1st Brigade, U.S. Colored Troops, District of Vicksburg, Miss., to March, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty at Milliken's Bend and Goodrich Landing till March, 1864. Haines' Bluff February 3, 1864. Designation of Regiment changed to 53rd U.S. Colored Troops, March 11, 1864 (which see).

 

 

54th US Colored Infantry Regiment:

zunächst 2nd Arkansas Infantry Regiment (African Descent)

 

s. 2nd Lt / Major Minos *Miller

 

 

59th US Colored Infantry Regiment:

s. Col Edward *Bouton

 

Literatur:

- Bouton, Edward (Gen.): Events of the Civil War (Los Angeles, 1906)

 

 

62nd US Colored Infantry Regiment:

s. Lt Andrew Campbell *McMaken (Co C)

 

 

79th US Colored Infantry Regiment:

s. Col Henry Goddard *Thomas (20.5.1863-15.1.1864)

 

 

96th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry:

s. Lt Azel *Ames (Co. A),

 

Overview:

Organized April 4, 1864, from 2nd Corps de Afrique Engineers. Attached to a Provisional Brigade, 13th Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to June, 1864. Engineer Brigade, Dept. of the Gulf, to October, 1864. United States Forces, Mobile Bay, Dept. of the Gulf, to October, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, United States Colored Troops, Dept. of the Gulf, to November, 1864. United States Forces, Mobile Bay, Dept. of the Gulf, to December, 1864. District of Southern Alabama, Dept. of the Gulf, to March, 1865. Engineer Brigade, 13th Corps, Military Division West Mississippi, to June, 1865. Unassigned, Dept. of the Gulf, to January, 1866.

 

Service:

Garrison at Fort Esperanza and engineer duty on Matagorda Peninsula, Texas, till May, 1864. Ordered to New Orleans, La., May 27; thence to Port Hudson, La., and duty there till July 27. Moved to New Orleans, thence to Mobile Bay, Ala. Siege operations against Fort Gaines and Morgan August 2-23. Duty at Mobile Point till November. At East Pascagoula till February, 1865. Campaign against Mobile and its Defences February to April. Siege of Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely March 17-April 9. Duty on the Fortificati­ons at Mobile and at various points in the Dept. of the Gulf till January, 1866. Mustered out January 29, 1866.


Predecessor unit:

CORPS DE AFRIQUE.-UNITED STATES COLORED VOLUNTEERS. 2nd REGIMENT ENGINEERS.


Organized at New Orleans, La., August 15, 1863. Attached to Engineer Brigade, Dept. of the Gulf, to October, 1863. Unattached, 13th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to March, 1864. Provisional Brigade, 2nd Division, 13th Army Corps, Texas, Dept. of the Gulf, to April, 1864.

 

Service:

Duty at New Orleans, La., till December, 1863. Ordered to Mattagorda Bay, Texas, December 5. Engaged in engineering duty and erecting field works at De Crow's Point, Point Isabel, Fort Esperanza, Mattagorda Island, Indianola and Pass Cavallo, Texas, till April, 1864. Designation of Regiment changed to 96th United States Colored Troops April 4, 1864.

 

 

105th US Colored Infantry Regiment:

gegründet am 22.7.1862 in Ohio, Miami County; aufgestellt von späteren LtCol. Rue Pugh Hutchins als Hutchins Militia der 94th Ohio Miliz; ohne Ausbildung sofort eingesetzt in Kentucky; Gefecht von Perryville/Kentucky October 9,1862; mit der 94th Ohio Volunteer Infantry in Murfreesboro; Stones River; unter dem jetzigen Regimentskommandeur Major Hutchins mit der 94th Ohio Mi­liz in Chattanooga, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge; Kennesaw Mountain, Peach Tree Creek und Atlanta Campaign.

 

Im Mai 1865 wurde Hutchins von der 94th Ohio Volunteer Infantry als Rekrutierungsoffizier nach Charleston detachiert, wo er die 105th US Colored Infantry aufstellte. Infolge des Kriegsendes im August 1865 wurde die Aufstellung beendet und das Regiment auf­gelöst.

 

 

127th United States Colored Infantry Regiment:

s. Pvt.- Basil *Ames (Co. I)

 

Overview:

Organized at Camp William Penn, Philadelphia, Pa., August 23 to September 10, 1864. Ordered to City Point, Va., September, 1864. Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 10th Corps, Army of the James, to November, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 10th Corps, to December, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 25th Corps and Dept. of Texas, to October, 1865.


Service:

Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond, Va., September, 1864, to April, 1865. Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, Sep­tember 29-30. Fort Harrison September 29. Darbytown Road October 13. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28. Duty in trenches north of the James River before Richmond till March, 1865. Moved to Hatcher's Run March 27-28. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Hatcher's Run March 29-31. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9.Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Duty at Petersburg and City Point till June. Moved to Brazos Santiago, Texas, June and July. Duty at various points on the Rio Grande till October. Mustered out October 20, 1865.

 

 

2nd Arkansas Infantry Regiment (African Descent):

s. 2nd Lt Minos *Miller

 

This regiment later became designated as the Fifty-fourth United States Colored Infantry.

 

 

29th Connecticut Infantry Regiment (Colored):

 

Overview:

Organized at Fair Haven and mustered in March 8, 1864. Left State for Annapolis, Md., March 19. Moved to Beaufort, S.C., April 8-13, and duty there till August 8. Attached to District of Beaufort, Dept. of the South, April to August, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 10th Army Corps, Army of the James, Dept. Virginia and North Carolina, to December, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 25th Army Corps, to January, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 25th Army Corps, to April, 1865, District of St. Marys, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington, to May, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 25th Army Corps, Dept. of Texas, to October, 1865.

 

Service:

Moved from Beaufort, S.C., to Bermuda Hundred, Va., August 8-13, 1864. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond Au­gust 13, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Demonstration on North Side of the James August 13-20, 1864. Deep Bottom, Strawberry Plains, Au­gust 14-18. Duty in the trenches before Petersburg August 25-September 24. New Market Heights and Fort Harrison September 28-29. Chaffin's Farm September 29-30. Darbytown Road October 13. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28. Duty in trenches before Rich­mond till April, 1865. Occupation of Richmond April 3. (First Infantry Regiment to enter city.) Moved to City Point April 18, thence to Point Lookout, Md., and duty there guarding prisoners till May 28. Moved to City Point May 28-30, thence sailed for Texas June 10, arriving at Brazos Santiago, July 3. March to Brownsville and duty there till October. Mustered out October 24, 1865. At New Orleans October 27-November 11. Honorably discharged at New Haven, Conn., November 25, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 44 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 152 Enlisted men by di­sease. Total 198.

 

 

1st Kansas Colored Infantry Regiment:

das Regiment war das erste Colored Regiment das im Bürgerkrieg ins Gefecht geriet; Battle of Island Mound am 29.10.1862 (vgl. Bearss: Vorwort zu Weaver, C. P. (ed.): Thank God my Regiment is an African One: The Civil War Diary of Colonel Nathan W. Da­niels (Louisiana State University Press, 1998; Taschenbuchausgabe 2000); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik131, S. x)

 

Literatur:

- Bearss, a.a.O.

- **Berry, Mary F.: "Negro Troops in Blue and Gray: The Louisiana Native Guards (1967)

 

 

1st Regiment Louisiana Native Guard:

(US-Coloured Troops); aufgestellt am 27.9.1862 (vgl. Weaver, a.a.O., S. 11). Col Spencer *Stafford; Col Stafford war für die Aufstel­lung aller drei Louisiana Native Guard Regimenter zuständig; Regimentsführer des 1st Regiment war deshalb LtCol Chauncey *Bas­sett (vgl. Weaver, a.a.O., S. 12 Anm. 15)

 

Literatur:

- **Berry, Mary F.: Negro Troops in Blue and Gray: The Louisiana Native Guard 1861-1863; in: Louisiana History, VIII (Spring 1967), S. 165-90

- **Everett, Donald E.: Ben Butler and the Louisiana Native Guards, 1861-1862; in: Journal of Southern History, XXIV (May 1958), S. 202-17

- **Hollandsworth, James G.: The Louisiana Native Guards: The Black Military Experience During the Civil War (Baton Rouge: Press, 1995)

- **Joshi, Manoy K. and Joseph P. Reidy: To Come Forward and Aid in Putting Down this Unholy Rebellion: The Officers of Louisia­na's Free Black Native Guards During the Civil War; in: Southern Studies, XXI (Fall 1982), S. 326-42

- **Weaver, C. P. (ed.): Thank God my Regiment is an African One: The Civil War Diary of Colonel Nathan W. Daniels (Louisiana State University Press, 1998; Taschenbuchausgabe 2000); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik131, S. xvi

- **Westwood, Howard C.: Benjamin Butler's Enlistment of Black Troops in New Orleans in 1862; Louisiana History, XXVI (Winter 1985), S. 5-22

 

 

2nd Regiment Louisiana Native Guard:

(US-Coloured Troops); Col Nathan W. *Daniels; aufgestellt am 12.10.1862 (vgl. Weaver, a.a.O., S. 11).

 

Literatur:

- **Berry, Mary F.: Negro Troops in Blue and Gray: The Louisiana Native Guard 1861-1863; in: Louisiana History, VIII (Spring 1967), S. 165-90

- **Everett, Donald E.: Ben Butler and the Louisiana Native Guards, 1861-1862; in: Journal of Southern History, XXIV (May 1958), S. 202-17

- **Hollandsworth, James G.: The Louisiana Native Guards: The Black Military Experience During the Civil War (Baton Rouge: Press, 1995)

- **Joshi, Manoy K. and Joseph P. Reidy: To Come Forward ans Aid in Putting Down this Unholy Rebellion: The Officers of Louisia­na's Free Black Native Guards During the Civil War; in: Southern Studies, XXI (Fall 1982), S. 326-42

- **Weaver, C. P. (ed.): Thank God my Regiment is an African One: The Civil War Diary of Colonel Nathan W. Daniels (Louisiana State University Press, 1998; Taschenbuchausgabe 2000); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik131, S. xvi

- **Westwood, Howard C.: Benjamin Butler's Enlistment of Black Troops in New Orleans in 1862; Louisiana History, XXVI (Winter 1985), S. 5-22

 

 

3rd Regiment Louisiana Native Guard (US):

(US-Coloured Troops); aufgestellt am 24.11.1862 (vgl. Weaver, a.a.O., S. 11). Col John A. Nelson (vgl. Weaver, a.a.O., S. 14).

 

Literatur:

- **Berry, Mary F.: Negro Troops in Blue and Gray: The Louisiana Native Guard 1861-1863; in: Louisiana History, VIII (Spring 1967), S. 165-90

- **Everett, Donald E.: Ben Butler and the Louisiana Native Guards, 1861-1862; in: Journal of Southern History, XXIV (May 1958), S. 202-17

- **Hollandsworth, James G.: The Louisiana Native Guards: The Black Military Experience During the Civil War (Baton Rouge: Press, 1995)

- **Joshi, Manoy K. and Joseph P. Reidy: To Come Forward ans Aid in Putting Down this Unholy Rebellion: The Officers of Louisia­na's Free Black Native Guards During the Civil War; in: Southern Studies, XXI (Fall 1982), S. 326-42

- **Weaver, C. P. (ed.): Thank God my Regiment is an African One: The Civil War Diary of Colonel Nathan W. Daniels (Louisiana State University Press, 1998; Taschenbuchausgabe 2000); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik131, S. xvi

- **Westwood, Howard C.: Benjamin Butler's Enlistment of Black Troops in New Orleans in 1862; Louisiana History, XXVI (Winter 1985), S. 5-22

 

 

9th Louisiana Infantry Regiment:

s. Lt David *Cornwell

 

Literatur:

- **Cornwell, David (8th Illinois and 9th Louisiana): The Cornwell Chronicles: Tales of an American Life on the Erie Canal, Building Chicago, in the Volunteer Civil War Western Army, on the Farm, in a Country Store Heritage Books); 301 pp; Maps; Index; Illustrati­ons. Edited by John Wearmouth. Cornwell enlisted in the 8th Illinois Volunteer Infantry and served 3 years in the 9th Louisiana In­fantry Regiment (African Descent) as First Lieutenant, recruiting and training black soldiers. Lots of genealogical details.

 

 

11th Louisiana Infantry Regiment:

eingesetzt bei Milliken's Bend während Grant's Vicksburg Campaign am 7.6.1863, wobei die Einheit schreckliche Verluste erlitt (vgl. Bearss, Edwin: Vorwort zu: Weaver, C. P. (ed.): Thank God my Regiment is an African One: The Civil War Diary of Colonel Nathan W. Daniels (Louisiana State University Press, 1998; Taschenbuchausgabe 2000); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik131, S. x).

 

 

54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment:

(Coloured Troops); Col Robert Gould *Shaw;

 

Literatur:

- **Weaver: Thank God, my Regiment is an African One, a.a.O., S. xix

 

 

1st South Carolina Infantry Regiment:

Col Thomas Wentworth *Higginson

 

Literatur:

- **Higginson, Thomas Wentworth: Army Life in a Black Regiment (1869, reprinted New York 1984)

 

 

 

 

c. Cavalry:

 

 

2nd Regiment United States Colored Cavalry:

s. Pvt Thomas *Harrison (Co. F)

 

Overview:

Organized at Fort Monroe, Va., December 22, 1863. Attached to Fort Monroe, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to April, 1864. Unattached Williamsburg, Va, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to June, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 18th Corps, Army of the James, to August, 1864. Unattached 3rd Division, 18th Corps, to December, 1864. Unattached 25th Corps, Dept. of Vir­ginia, to May, 1865. Cavalry Brigade, 25th Corps, Dept. of Virginia and Dept. of Texas, to February, 1866.

 

Service:

Duty at Fort Monroe, Portsmouth and Williamsburg, Va., till May, 1864. Demonstration on Portsmouth March 4-5. Action near Suf­folk March 10. Reconnoissance from Portsmouth to the Blackwater April 13-15. Butler's operations on the south side of James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4-28. Capture of Bermuda Hundred and City Point May 5. Swift Creek May 8-10. Opera­tions against Fort Darling May 10-16. Actions at Drury's Bluff May 10-13-14-15 and 16. Near Drury's Bluff May 20. Duty in tren­ches at Bermuda Hundred till June 13. Point of Rocks June 10. Richmond Campaign June 13-July 31. Baylor's Farm June 15. Assaults on Petersburg June 16-19. Siege of Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to February 18, 1865. Duty before Petersburg till July, 1864. Moved to Deep Bottom July 25. Action at Deep Bottom July 27-28. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18. Actions at Deep Bottom September 2 and 6. Chaffin's Farm September 29-30. Darbytown Road October 7. Battle of Fair Oaks, Dar­bytown Road October 27-28. Near Richmond October 28-29. Duty in trenches north of James River till February, 1865. Ordered to Norfolk February 18. Duty in District of Eastern Virginia at Norfolk, Suffolk, etc., till May. Ordered to City Point, Va.; thence sai­led for Texas June 10. Duty on the Rio Grande and at various points in Texas till February, 1866. Mustered out February 12, 1866.

 

 

3rd US Colored Cavalry:

Col Embory D. *Osband; eingesetzt während Grant's Vicksburg Campaign

 

Literatur:

- **Bearss, Edwin: Vorwort zu: Weaver, C. P. (ed.): Thank God my Regiment is an African One: The Civil War Diary of Colonel Na­than W. Daniels (Louisiana State University Press, 1998; Taschenbuchausgabe 2000); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik131, S. x

 

 

 

 

 

d. Artillery:

 

5th Regiment, United States Colored Heavy Artillery:

s. Major David *Cornwell; Sgt Anderson *Ames (Co F)

 

Overview:

Organized from 1st Mississippi Heavy Artillery (African Descent). Designated 4th Heavy Artillery March 11, 1864, and 5th Heavy Artillery April 26, 1864. Attached to 1st Division, United States Colored Troops, District of Vicksburg, Miss., to February, 1865. Unattached, Post of Vicksburg, Dept. of Mississippi, and Dept. of the Gulf to May, 1864.

 

Service:

Garrison duty at Vicksburg, Miss., till May, 1866. Expedition from Vicksburg to Rodney and Fayette September 29-October 3, 1864. Expedition from Vicksburg to Yazoo City November 23-December 4, 1864. Mustered out May 20, 1866.

Lost during service 4 Officers and 124 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 697 Enlisted men by disease. Total 829.

Predecessor unit:

MISSISSIPPI VOLUNTEERS.
1st REGIMENT HEAVY ARTILLERY (AFRICAN DESCENT).
 

Overview:

Organized at Vicksburg, Miss., September 26, 1863. Attached to post of Vicksburg, District of Vicksburg, Miss., to March, 1864. Un­assigned, 1st Division, U.S. Colored Troops, District of Vicksburg, to April, 1864.

 

Service:

Post and garrison duty at Vicksburg, Miss., till April, 1864. Designation changed to 4th U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery, March 11, 1864, and to 5th U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery April 26, 1864 (which see).

 

 

 

 

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