Version 6.4.2017

 

Litera R (Ro-Ry)

 

Robbins, Frank C.:

CS-Captain; Co C 4th Alabama Infantry; verwundet im Battle von 1st Cold Harbor, erneut verwundet bei Knoxville; in Kriegsgefan­genschaft geraten bei Knoxville

 

 

Robbins, Jerome J.:

US-Pvt; 2nd Michigan Infantry; Teilnahme am Battle of Blackburn's ford am 18.7.1861 (vgl. Davis: Battle of Bull Run, a.a.O., S. 115).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Robbins, Jerome J.: Diaries, Michigan Historical Collection, University of Michigan, Ann Harbor / Michigan

 

 

Robbins, Rodolphus (Rudolphus):

US-Major; Co. F&S, 55th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 90); er war zunächst 2nd Lieutenant, Co. K, 55th Re­giment Ohio Infantry und wurde am 21.11.1861 zum Captain der Co. K befördert; am 8.3.1863 befördert zum Major (vgl. Abgabe im Roster der 55th Regiment Ohio Infantry, S. 77). Kaufmann (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O. S. 356) schreibt zum Battle of Chancellorsville: „Kapi­tän Rollins, 55. Ohio-Regiment, Befehlshaber der Vorposten ...“.

 

Captain Rudolphus Robbins, of Co. K, wurde im Mai 1863 zum Major befördert. He earned the promotion, „for his brave and steady line of skirmishers at Chancellorsville had saved the division from capture“ (vgl. Osborn: Trials and Triumphs. The Record of the Fifty-Fifth Ohio Volunteer In­fantry, a.a.O., S. 84).

 

9.4.1832 - † 14/15.5.1864 Battle of Resaca/Georgia; beerd. Oak Hill Cemetery, Upper Sandusky, Wyandot County/Ohio (vgl. findagrave.­com; dort wird der Todestag fehlerhaft mit 18.5.1864 angegeben). Bei Hill/Payton: Upper Sandusky“ (vgl. Tom Hill and Ash­lie Payton: „Image of America. Upper Sandusky. Arcadia Publishing 2010, S. 33) heißt es: „Maj. Rodolphus Robbins, who was killed in action at Resaca/Georgia, on May 14, 1864. His wife Kate ...“. Dagegen nennt der Official Roster des 55th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, S. 39 den Todestag: killed May 15, 1864, in Battle of Resaca, Ga.“.

 

Photo:

Major Rudolphus Robbins (vgl. Osborn: Trials and Triumphs. The Record of the Fifty-Fifth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, a.a.O., S. 48)

 

 

Robbins, William McKendree:

CS-Major; Co. F&S, 4th Regiment Alabama Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 38); zunächst Captain Co G 4th Alabama Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 38), dann ab 3.10.1863 Major 4th Alabama Infantry; verwundet im Battle of Wilderness.

 

Nach dem Krieg begann Robbins als Mitglied der Demokratischen Partei eine politische Laufbahn. In den Jahren 1868 und 1872 saß er im Senat von North Carolina. Bei den Kongresswahlen des Jahres 1872 wurde er im siebten Wahlbezirk seines Staates in das US-Repräsentantenhaus in Washington D.C. gewählt, wo er am 4. März 1873 die Nachfolge von James C. Harper antrat. Nach zwei Wie­derwahlen konnte er bis zum 3. März 1879 drei Legislaturperioden im Kongress absolvieren. Von 1875 bis 1877 war er Vorsitzender des Ausschusses zur Kontrolle der Ausgaben des Kriegsministeriums. Im Jahr 1894 wurde William Robbins von Präsident Grover Cleveland in die Kommission zur Betreuung des Schlachtfeldes von Gettysburg berufen. Dort vertrat Robbins die Interessen der Süd­staaten. Diese Funktion bekleidete er bis zu seinem Tod am 5. Mai 1905 in Salisbury (vgl. www.wikipedia.de, Abruf vom 5.10.2016).

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- Gettysburg National Military Park: Journal of William McKendree Robbins (December 22, 1894), GNMP archives.

 

 

Roberts, Atlus H.:

CS-2ndLt; Co. H, 2nd Regiment Mississippi Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M232 Roll 34); original filed under 'Atlas K. Roberts'.

 

† gef. 1.7.1863 im Battle von Gettysburg bei McPherson's Ridge beim Angriff der 2nd Missis­sippi Infantry auf die 56th Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 109).

 

 

Roberts, Benjamin Stone:

US-MajGen; bei Kriegsausbruch als LtCol 3rd US-Cavalry eingesetzt unter George B. *Crittenden in Fort Stanton/NMT (vgl. Josephy: The Civil War in the American West, a.a.O., S. 37; zur Räumung des Forts vgl. auch Pettis, George H: The Confederate In­vasion of New Mexico and Arizona; in: Battles and Leaders, Vol. 2 S. 104); nach dem Übertritt von Crittenden zur CSA übernahm Roberts das Kommando über Fort Stanton (Josephy: The Civil War in the West, a.a.O., S. 49); in der Erwartung eines überlegenen CS-Angriffs gab er Fort Stanton auf und vereinigte seine Truppen mit den schwachen US-Kräften bei Santa Fe und Albuquerque.

 

 

Roberts, Chris:

CS-Col; 26th North Carolina Infantry

 

Photo:

Colonel Chris Roberts, Commanding 26th North Carolina Regiment (Photo aus http://www.26nc.org/Commanders-Page/comman­ders-page.html, Abruf vom 5.6.2015).

 

 

Roberts, Otis O.:

US-Sgt; aus Sangerville, Maine; entered service at Dexter, Maine; Co H, 6th Maine Infantry. Medal of Honor am 28.12.1863 für sei­nen Einsatz am 7.11.1863 bei Rappanhannock Station, Va. Citation: Capture of flag of 8th Louisiana Infantry (C.S.A.) in a han­d-to-hand struggle with the color bearer.

 

 

Robertson, A. C.:

US-Lt; Co F 9th New York Cavalry Am 1.7.1863 war die 9th New York Cavalry eingesetzt im Rahmen von Devin’s Brigade bei Mc­Pherson’s Ridge bei der Abwehr des Angriffs von Heth’s Division (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 76).

 

 

Robertson, Beverly Holcombe:

CS-BrigGen; 1826-1910; aus Midland Virginia; West Point 1849 (25/43); Dragoons; Berufsoffizier; eingesetzt in den Indianerkämp­fen; 1861 eingesetzt in Utah, Captain 2nd US-Dragoons; nach Fort Sumter schloß sich Robertson den CSA an, konnte jedoch erst am 18.8.1861 Richmond erreichen (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., S. 4). Col 4th Virginia Cavalry; unter Jackson während der Valley Campaign eingesetzt. Robertson wurde bei den Wahlen der Offiziere nicht wieder gewählt, weil er die harte Disziplin der re­gulären Armee durchzusetzen versuchte, und deshalb bei den Soldaten unbeliebt war (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., 2:5). Robertson war dadurch frei für eine andere Verwendung und wurde von Präsident Davis nach dem Battle of Kelly's Ford zum Brig­Gen ernannt und war als Nachfolger des gefallenen Turner *Ashby seit 18. Juni 1862 Kommandeur der Cavalry Jackson's (*Laurel Brigade), die reorganisiert die 2nd, 6th, 7th und 12 Virginia Cavalry und das 17th Virginia Battalion umfaßte. Robertson war ein strenger, auf Disziplin bedachter Vorgesetzter, ganz im Gegensatz zu seinem Vorgänger im Kommando, Turner *Ashby (vgl. Free­man, Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., vol. 2, S. 5; McDonald, William: A History of the Laurel Brigade, a.a.O., S. 74-75), weshalb er als Col der 4th Virginia Cavalry abgewählt worden war und für neue Aufgaben bereit stand. Auf Anordnung von Präsident Davis wurde Robertson als Nachfolger Ashby's zum Kommandeur von Stonewall Jackson's Cavalry ernannt und zum BrigGen der Laurel Brigade befördert (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., S. 4); als Brigadekommandeur vor dem Battle nach der Überquerung des Rapidan war die "Army half-blinded" (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., S. 292, 297 m.w.N.) und Jackson drängte Robertson "to locate the enemy". Als Robertson den Feind nicht lokalisieren konnte, drängte Jackson bei Lee auf die Abordnung von JEB Stuart und die Ersetzung Robertson's als Kavalleriekommandeur, was auch erfolgte (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Dispatches, S. 42-43). Jackson mochte Ro­bertson überhaupt nicht (vgl. Krick: Stonewall Jackson at Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 8; Wood, Civil War Generalship, a.a.O., S. 38). Col. Thomas T. *Munford schreibt in einem Brief an Jedediah Hotchkiss vom 23.8.1896 über Robertson's Ernennung: "'Old Jack' was mad about it" (vgl. Krick, a.a.O., S. 400 Anm. 15).

 

Nach der Schlacht von Cedar Mountain verließ Robertson's Brigade Jackson's Army of the Valley und wurde der Kavallerie in Lee's Army of Northern Virginia unterstellt unter dem Kommando von JEB Stuart. Die Beziehung zwischen Robertson und Stuart war frostig, beide stießen oft zusammen (vgl. McDonald: Laurel Brigade, Introducti­on, a.a.O., S. 3). Nach der Schlacht von Antietam wurde Robertson im Oktober 1862 als Brigadekommandeur nach North Carolina versetzt, wo er eine andere Brigade übernahm (Mc­Donald, a.a.O., S. 4, der eine Versetzung bereits nach der Schlacht von 2nd Manas­sas angibt; vgl. dagegen Boatner, a.a.O., S. 702, der eine Versetzung im Oktober 1862 erwähnt); im April 1863 nach Virginia zurück beordert, diente er als BrigKdr unter Stuart in Gettysburg und Upperville. In der 2nd Manassas Campaign (vgl. Robertson's Report: OR 12, 2, 746) zeichnete sich Robertson per­sönlich aus und erfuhr die persönliche Erwähnung in Lee's Report (Lee's Report OR 12, 2, 558-59). Im Oktober 1863 übernahm er das Kommando über den 2nd District of SC unter Beauregard; im November erneut ver­setzt diente er unter Longstreet in Knoxville. Er wurde wegen befürchteter Meuterei seiner Untergebenen seines Kommandos entho­ben und wurde ab 1864 in SC eingesetzt. Im März 1865 diente er unter Johnston und ergab sich zusammen mit diesem. In der Nach­kriegszeit Geschäftsmann in Washington (nach Boatner, a.a.O., S. 702)..

 

Photo:

- Milhollen / Kaplan: Divided We Fought, a.a.O., S. 111

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History. Vol: 2: Vicksburg to Appomattox, a.a.O., S. 326

 

 

Robertson, Felix H.:

CS-Captain;: Batteriechef von Robertson's Florida Battery:

 

Die Battery umfaßte vier 12-pounder Napoleon Guns (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 154).

 

Die Battery gehörte im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh zur 1st Brigade BrigGen Adley H. Gladden 2nd Division BrigGen Jo­nes M. Withers II. Army Corps MajGen Braxton Bragg in A. S. Johnston’s Army of the Mississippi. Die Battery war am 6.4.1862 im Battle of Shiloh beim Angriff von Gladden’s Brigade bei der Eastern Corinth Road auf die US-Truppen bestehend 2nd Brigade Col Madison Miller 6th Division BrigGen Benjamin M. *Prentiss beteiligt (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 154 mit Karte S. 146).

 

Die 13th Ohio Battery fuhr im Battle of Shiloh am 6.4.1862 gegen 9:30 über die Wheatfield Road in der Nähe von Sarah Bell’s Field auf, wobei die Battery gegen den Befehl des Divisionskommandeurs zu weit vorne abgeprotzt wurde, statt wie befohlen nördlich auf einer leichten Anhöhe. Die Battery kam deshalb sofort unter schweren Beschuß durch die Robertson's Florida Battery, ein Muniti­onswagen erhielt einen Treffer, was eine große Explosion auslöste. Es gab mehrere Verwundete und einen Toten, die Bedienungs­mannschaften flohen. Die Geschütze wurden aufgegeben und gingen mit einer Ausnahme verloren. Divisionskommandeur Hurlbutt war derart wü­tend, daß er nach der Schlacht die Battery auflöste und Captain Mayers in Haft nahm. Eine Untersuchungskommission die auf An­ordnung von Ohio-Governor Benjamin Thomas eingesetzt wurde, sprach Captain Myers frei. In der Nachkriegszeit äußerte sich Cap­tain Felix Robertson, der Batteriechef der Florida Battery, und beschuldigte den Divisionskommandeur Hurlbutt, für den schlechten Einsatz verantwortlich zu sein (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 193 mit Karte S. 194).

 

 

Robertson, Frank S.:

CS-Lieutenant; Pioneer-Lieutenant im Stab von Jeb Stuart zusammen mit Thomas Randolph *Price Stab von Jeb Stuart abgeordnet wurde. Price persönliches Gepäck ging während des Battle of Chancellorsville verloren; Robertson war Anfang Mai 1863 zusammen mit dem Pionierleutnant Thomas Randolph *Price beauftragt, eine Brücke bei Chancellorsville zu bauen; hierbei kam es zu einem US-Angriff und dem Rückzug der CS-Pioniersoldaten an der Brückenbaustelle (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., vol. II, S. 693; Robertson, Frank S.: In the Saddle with Stuart).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Robertson, Frank S.: In the Saddle with Stuart

 

 

Robertson, James M.:

US-Captain; Co. B&L, 2nd US Artillery (Regular Army) (vgl. Priest: Battle of South Mountain, a.a.O., S. 105; Anm.: bei National Park Soldiers nicht genannt).

 

Im Battle of South Moun­tain am 13.9.1862 eingesetzt bei der Aufklärung von Pleasonton's Cavalry (bei Frederick/Maryland, ent­lang der Emmittsburg Road in nördlicher Richtung) bei Braddock Heights nordwestlich Frederick/MD (vgl. Priest: Battle of South Moun­tain, a.a.O., S. 105).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Hanson, Joseph Mills: „A Report of the Employment of the Artillery at the Battle of Antietam, MD,“ US Department of the Interior, National Park Service, 27.5.1940, S. 5-6 (zum Artillerie-Duell bei Braddock Heights)

 

 

Robertson, Jerome B.:

CS-BrigGen; 14.3.1815 Woodford County / Kentucky - † 7.1.1890 Waco/Texas (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerome_B._ Ro­bertson).

 

Robertson wurde in Kentucky geboren und wurde im Alter von 12 Jahren Vollwaise. Obwohl er bis zu seinem 18 Le­bensjahr insge­samt nur 3 Monate die Schule besuchen konnte, gelang es ihm, durch harte Arbeit das Medizinstudium zu absolvieren. Teilnahme am Mexikokrieg; anschließend ließ sich Robertson im Washington County nieder, wo er eine Arztpraxis betrieb. Nach Kriegsausbruch wurde Robertson zum Captain der 5th Texas Infantry gewählt. Col Juni 1862; BrigGen November 1862. Brigade­kommandeur der 3rd Brigade (Hood's Brigade oder Texas' Brigade). Die 3rd Brigade, auch als Texas Brigade bezeichnet, gehörte während der Gettysburg Campaign 1863 zum I. Army Corps Longstreet 1st Division Hood. Sie umfaßte folgende Regimenter:

 

- 3rd Arkansas Infantry; Col Van H. Manning (w). LtCol R.

S. Taylor

- 1st Texas Infantry LtCol P. A. Work

- 4th Texas Infantry Col J. C. G. Key (w); Major J. P. Bane

- 5th Texas Infantry Col R. M. Powell (m w); LtCol K.

Bryan (w); Major J. C. Rogers

 

Das Regiment nahm am 2.7.1863 teil beim Angriff der Division Hood auf Plum Run Valley und Devil's Den (vgl. Penny / Laine, a.a.O., S. 39).

 

Photo:

- Penny / Laine: Struggle for the Round Tops, a.a.O., S. 43

- Gen. Jerome B. Robertson (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerome_B._Robertson).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Polley, J. B.: Hood’s Texas Brigade: Its Marches, Its Battles, Its Achievements (New York: Neale Publishing Company, 1910).

 

 

Robertson J. P.:

CS-Pvt, Co. I, 12th South Carolina Infantry Regiment

 

Photo:

CS-Pvt J. P. Robertson Co. I, 12th South Carolina Infantry Regiment, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C.

 

 

Robertson, Walter H.:

CS-Lieutenant im Stab Pettigrew's am 1.7.1863 in Gettysburg. Robertson beobachtet zusammen mit Lt. *Young das Vorgehen von Buford's Cavalry (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 27).

 

 

Robertson, William J.:

CS-Judge; Judge in Virginia; Emissär von Virginia Governor John *Letcher in Washington. Letcher sandte Robertson am 18.4.1861 nach Virginia, um zwei dort tätige Virginier für die CSA zu werben. Es habndelte sich bei den Angesprochenen um den US-Oberbe­fehlshaber Winfield *Scott und Col Robert E. *Lee (vgl. Tidwell: Come Retribution, a.a.O., S. 52).

 

 

Robeson, ++++:

US-Captain, 2nd Massachusetts Infantry Regiment. Thomas Rodman Robeson was born in New Bedford, November 7, 1840. He was the son of Thomas Rodman and Sybil (Washburn) Robeson. Through his mother he was descended of Roger Williams. His father was long engaged in the shipping business, and died August 18, 1848. He was a son of Andrew Robeson, a prominent merchant and suc­cessful manufacturer of New Bedford. Andrew Robeson established, under many discouragements and difficulties, the print-works which bore his name in Fall River, the first establishment of its kind in the State, and made the business a very prosperous one. The Robeson family is of Scotch origin, and a portion of it resided in Germantown, Pennsylvania, for many years.

 

When 13 years old, Robeson was sent to the school of Mr. Thomas Prentiss Allen, at Sterling, in Worcester County, and remained un­der his instruction 2 years. Lieutenant Arthue Dehon was one of his schoolmates in Sterling. His mother having removed to Brookli­ne in 1854, he was next put under the instruction of Mr. William P. Atkinson, in that town, and was by him fitted for college, except that, immediately before entering college, he studied for about 2 months, during Mr. Atkinson's absence in Europe, under the directi­on of Mr. Francis Marion Tower, at Boston. He entered Havard College in 1857. He did not take high rank as a scholar, either at school or in college; but there, as in after life, he was in all things, manly, generous, and honorable, won the respect and esteem of all his acquaintances, and made many friends. He took much interest in the College societies, and was a member of the Institute, and the Porcellian and Hasty Pudding Clubs.

 

In the spring before his Class graduated he made up his mind that it was best that he should prepare himself for the military service of his country, feeling that he was needed there, and believing that he could be more useful as a soldier than in any other position in life. He obtained the consent of his relatives, and of the Faculty of the college, who at the next Commencement conferred upon him, in his absence, the Bachelor's degree; and on April 25, 1861, he went down to Fort Independence to drill with the Fourth Battalion. His classmates Hallowell and Holmes went to Fort Independence at the same time. He soon enlisted in the 2d Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, which was then being recruited by Colonel George H. Gordon, and was commissioned as 2d Lieutenant in that re­giment, May 28, 1861. His regiment was in camp at Camp Andrew, in West Roxbury, until July 8th, when it received marching or­ders. Lieutenant Robeson had been assigned to Company F, of which Charles R. Mudge was Captain and Robert G. Shaw 1st Lieu­tenant, and performed his duties in camp with fidelity and success. He was much praised for his readiness and determination in sup­pressing some acts of insubordination on one occasion very soon after his arrival.

 

On July 8th the 2d started for Virginia, after some interesting presentations of flags at Camp Andrew and an enthusiastic reception in Boston. Another cordial reception greeted them in New York. They were first stationed at Martinsburg, Virginia, under the command of Major-General Patterson. They were afterwards stationed for more than a month at Harper's Ferry, and subsequently at Darne­stown. At the latter place, on September 12, 1861, Lt. Robeson, with Lt. Howard, having been selected for the purpose from four offi­cers of the regiment by examination, was detached for signal duty, and ordered to the signal camp at Georgetown, D.C. He wrote home on September 14th:

 

“Since I wrote to you I have been detached from my regiment for signal duty. There have been two officers taken from each re­giment in our division (or rather from those regiments that had officers of enough education for the purpose). We are under Major Myer of the Regular Army. I do not know how I shall like it yet, but that will not make much difference, as I cannot help myself. We have to go through a pretty severe examination before we are admitted. There were four officers examined from our regiment, and Howard and myself were admitted. The examination was mainly in spelling and etymology, neither of which are particularly my for­te, as you know, but somehow or other I slipped in. Every one says it is a good thing for us; and then, if we do well, we shall perhaps be admit­ted into the Regular Army. We each have a horse and two men, besides a servant, and shall very probably get the pay of a ca­valry of­ficer. We are in camp at Georgetown, and study 6 hours a day. As soon as we know enough, we shall be sent out, two to­gether, all over the country, in every direction. We have to take an oath not to reveal anything we learn, and as soon as we have all learned the code perfectly, it is to be destroyed. It will be a very independent life, and we shall feel ourselves pretty important, as we shall know everything that is going on...”

 

He was commissioned 1st Lieutenant, November 30, 1861, and was detailed on December 23d, with two other signal officers, to go with General Burnside's expedition, and joined General Burnside's command at Annapolis. Here he found a good deal of work and responsibility. He and his two associates, Lieutenant's Fricker and Foster, had to instruct 20 other officers from the different re­giments in the signal system, having but a short time in which to teach them and to take charge of all the singalling for the expedition.

 

Early in January, 1862, General Burnside's expedition set sail for Hatteras Inlet. Much difficulty was experienced by all the fleet in passing through the Inlet, and the schooner Colonel Satterly, in which Lieutenant Robeson was embarked, met with more troubles than most of the other vessels of the fleet. In a letter written on board he says, on January 22d:

 

“We have left Fortress Monroe with a fair wind, and every prospect of reaching Hatteras in 24 hours; but unfortunately the wind changed, and we have been knocking round at sea ever since. We have had two very severe gales, and there is every prospect of ano­ther....I have had a pretty good time, and if it had not been for my anxiety to reach the fleet, should have enjoyed myself very much...”

 

The Colonel Satterly arrived at Hatteras, and reported to General Burnside on January 28th, and found the whole fleet there, except 2 vessels which were lost. He was now quartered upon the P... Goldsborough, as signal officer. He went on board the gunboat South­field on February 6th, Commodore Goldsborough having transferred his flag to that vessel for the attack on Roanoke Island. He wri­tes as follows on February 9th, after the battle of Roanoke Island, his first engagement:

 

“We went on board the Southfield last Thursday morning at daylight, and expected to be within gunshot in about an hour, as we were only about 10 miles from Roanoke Island. But it came on to rain, and we were obliged to anchor and lie by all night. Friday morning it was foggy, but about 10 it cleared off, and we got under way. In about half an hour we were in full sight of everything....We fired our first shot at about 11, and at half past the engagement commenced. Our boat was the flagboat and led the way, and my position, as signal officer, was on top. For the first half-hour I felt pretty queer, I can tell you, with the shells bursting around us in every direc­tion. But after that I did not mind it much, and sent and read my messages almost as well as I ever could; although it was pretty diffi­cult to keep my eyes on the w that two of their unboats were disabled, and thought the fort must be very much injured, as we had seen hundreds of shells burst in it. Some of the troops were landed late in the afternoon, and the rest during the night. They encamped in the same place where they landed, and early in the morning commenced their march towards the fort. About half-way to the fort they encountered a small battery, and, after a severe fight of 2 hours, succeeded in taking it. After that, the enemy gave up entirely, and retreated to their largest camp at the head of the island, where all who could not get boats to escape surrendered to General Foster about 5 in the afternoon. After we heard that the army were all landed, we set to work to try and clear the channel, but the forts ope­ned upon us again and kept up their firing until the army had taken the battery on shore. We have but ine gunboat that has not recei­ved a shot; some received as many as 8 or 10. We had several holes through us; for as we carried the flag and were in the advance most of the time, we were the principal mark for them, and I think we were very lucky in getting off so well. I had one round shot come within 11 inches of me by actual measurements, and hundreds from 6 feet to a boat's length.”

 

...Soon after this, Robeson's eyes being much inflamed, he was compelled to leave the signal service and rejoin his regiment in Virgi­nia. The Second gad been employed, meantime, in severe guard and picket duty and reconnoissances, and during its winter encamp­ment near Frederick had prefected itself in drill and discipline to a remarkable degree; and in the spring had taken part in movements upon Winchester and Jackson, at which latter place it was engaged with the enemy. The following extracts from his letters give some account of his earlier experiences after returning to his regiment:

 

“”Newmarket, April 27....We have ahd a pretty hard time since I wrote, and for the last two days I have been a little under the wea­ther, and have had to lie by in a house; but I am a good deal better to-day, and hope to join the regiment to-morrow. I will try to tell you what we have been about. It is very humble work, and does not look like much on paper, but it is a great deal harder than figh­ting, I can tell you. A week ago last Thursday morning, “reveille” was beaten at 2 o'clock, with orders to take one day's ration and be ready to march at four, leaving tents and baggage. So I put a tooth-brush and a silk pocket-handkerchief in my pocket, and sent my overcoat to an ambulance, and at four we were off.

 

"The Rebels were known to be at Mount Jackson, abotu 8 miles off, and we were in great hopes that they would make a stand there. We arrived there about 10 without seeing any signs of the Rebels except their old camps and half a dozen burning bridges and any quantity of railroad cars and engines. We halted at Mount Jackson about 2 hours, when the scouts brought it word that Jackson was preparing to make a stand about 5 miles on. So General Shields's division started on the main road, and our brigade was sent round to the right to try and outflank him....Jackson saw immediately what we were about, and left, and that is the last that has been seen of him, while we, after marching 21 miles through woods and swamps and rivers and everything you can imagine, finally halted at half past nine in the evening, most of the officers with not even an overcoat or blanket, as none of the ambulances could follow us over the road we had been. Fortunately it was a warm night, and we got along pretty well."

 

"Monday, May 8. I have been in bed for nearly two weeks, and never had such a doleful time in my life. Our regiment moved on a week ago last Friday, and I have hardly seen a person, except my servant, since. To-day my servant tells me that they moved on again last night and expect to meet Jackson to-day. If they should, I do not know what I should do. Just think of people asking you about a battle your regiment was in, and having to tell them you were ill at the time. I am rather better to-day, I think, though still very weak, and hope to join my regiment soon, though it will be so far off that I shall have a good deal of difficulty in doing so.”

 

He was soon well and discharging his duties again. In a few days General Banks's retreat commenced. Lt. Robeson describes the part taken by his company in this, in a letter written at Williamsport on May 27, 1862:

 

“I hope you have received the letter I wrote yesterday, but I suppose you would like to have a more particular account of our fight. I will begin from last Friday afternoon. Our company, as you know, was guarding a railroad bridge about 3 miles from Strasburg. At a little after 5 o'clock, an orderly came down to us and said that the company guarding the bridge above us had been attacked by the enemy, and that a large body of them were advancing on us. We got our company in line immediately, and took the best position we could find. After waiting about an hour, a regiment came up from Strasburg and reinfdorced the company above us. We then struck our tents and kept a strong guard all night.

 

"The next morning we were ordered back to our regiment. When we got to Strasburg we found the whole division had left an hour before for Winchester. After marching 2 hours as hard as we could, we caught up with them. Everything was in the greatest confusi­on. The train was all mixed up with the army, and it seemed impossible that we could ever get to Winchester. We marched along in this way until 3 o'clock....Colonel Gordon then ordered his brigade back, as the Rebels were cutting off our wagons in large numbers. We marched 3 miles, our regiment in front, and drove the enemy some distance. At dark, the brigade, except our regiment and a few cavalry, were went on. The Rebels then attacked us with their cavalry and artillery. We resisted them for an hour, formed in squares, and drove back three charges of cavalry. During that time our own cavalry got frightened, and charged our company and two others, who were resting in the rear. Our men of course thought they were the Rebels, as it was very dark, and for a few minutes there was great confusion. One of our men was killed and two wounded. Harry Russell was a good deal hurt by a horse falling on him, and I was bruised and had my coat torn to pieces in the same way. Five men of the two companies that were with us (Captain Cary's and Captain Mudge's) were also wounded. The regiment soon after began to retreat slowly towards Winchester, fighting all the way. We got there at one o'clock Sunday morning....Our regiment and Colonel Gordon saved the whole division on Saturday, and everybody here acknowledges it. Our loss that night was about 25 killed and wounded.

 

The pickets were firing all night, and at daylight they were drawn in, and soon after the Rebels appeared. Our regiment had the right of the right wing. We marched about a quarter of a mile to the right, and took our position behind a wall just below one of the Rebel batteries. The other brigade took the left, leaving us without any centre or reserve. We lay behind the wall for an hour and a half, our 3 right companies skirmishing . Then the 2 regiments on the left of our brigade were ordered to the right....They marched by us overt a hill that was on our right, fired one volley, and the next thing we saw, they were running in all directions. Colonel Adrews then gave the order for us to retreat. We formed ingood order and marched down towards the town at quick time amid the most tremen­dous fire that I ever imagined. Our men behaved splendidly, obeying every command, while they were being shot down by the dozen. When we got into the streets of Winchester, we halted and formed again, and marched out of town by the double-quick, receiving a very heavy fire from behind at every cross-street and out of the houses.

 

The rebels kept up a sharp pursuit for about 3 miles, and it seemed impossible that we should get off. We arrived at Martinsburg at three, a distance of 25 miles, and got here at 9 in the evening, having marched 60 miles in 2 days, without one mouthful to eat, or a bit of sleep."

 

In July the 2d Regiment became a part of the forces under the command of Major-General Pope, and on August 6th moved forward on the disastrous campaign which was directed by that general. On the day before the battle of Cedar Mountain Lt. Robeson wrote as follows, from the camp bear Culpeper, of the discomforts from which his men suffered on this march:

 

“We have been having two days' very hard marching, not so much on account of the length of the marches as the heat, which has been tremendous. It makes the marches very disagreeable, for you have literally to drive the men along, often till they drop. Day be­fore yesterday's march, I brought in only about 18 out of 60, and the other companies were in the same proportion. It is hard work, especially when it happens to be your turn to go on guard at the end of the march....We have just had 42 recruits arrive here this mor­ning. They looked so hot and miserable, I could not help pitying them.”

 

At Cedar Mountain he was in his place, and encountered with his comrades the perils which thinned the ranks of his regiment so sad­ly on that fatal day. He was shot through his right wrist in this battle, and was sent home on furlough for a time. While at home he re­ceived a commission as captain, bearing date August 10th, “vice” Williams, killed at Cedar Mountain. He returned before his wound was fully healed, and rejoined his regiment before the battle of Antietam, in which he took part, rendering good service. He was eminently successful in keeping his men steady in action. His tall, strong, and manly form and commading presence aided his brave spirit in this. His sword and scabbard bear the marks of 3 bullets which struck them at Antietam.

 

During the following winter his regiment was in winter quarters in different places, and on April 27th broke camp and set out with the rest of the army on the Chancellorsville campaign. He wrote home as follows, immediately after the battle of Chancellorsville:

 

“....We left Stafford Court House a week ago yesterday and marched to Kelley's Ford, and thence down the river to this point, which is about 5 miles from Fredericksburg. We arrived here last Wednesday, and have been fighting ever since, night and day. We have lost anout 150 men, 1 officer killed and 7 wounded. I am all right, with my usual hole through my blouse. I do not know how we are going to come out, but hope for the best. We were doing splendidly up to Saturday afternoon, when the whole 11th Corps broke and ran. I have a sword which was surrendered to me Sunday morning, which I shall send home when I get a chance. Our Corps has done splendidly, and has driven the Rebels every time we have met them. Since we have been fighting our regiment has taken over 200 prisoners.”

 

On the night of the day after this letter was written the regiment was ordered to recross the river, and returned to Stafford Court Hou­se, where it had been before encamped. Next came the expedition to Beverly Ford. Of this he wrote on June 19th from Leesburg, Va.:

 

“It is some time since I have had an opportunity of writing to you, for we have been on the march for 2 weeks. A week ago last Satur­day we were detached with one other regiment of our corps, to go over the river with the cavalry. In the first 24 hours we marched 32 miles. Tuesday morning we crossed the Rappahannock at Beverly Ford, where all the Rebel cavalry were massed. We did not have much difficulty in crossing, but we did not get far before they came down on us in force, and drove our cavalry in every direction. They were not prepared, however, for our rifles, and soon found they had better leave. It was first-rate fun, a regular North Carolina fight. We were skirmishing with them all day, and only lost 4 men. At one time 7 battalions of cavalry came up in front of my compa­ny, which was all deployed as skirmishers. I thought of course we should all be taken, but I did not know what a joke cavalry figh­ting was. I let them come up to within a hundred yards, and then gave them a volley which dropped a lot of them, and away they went, except one battalion, which dismounted and deployed on foot. I took a horse and two rifles....We are entirely isolated here, and have not had a mail or newspaper for a week, or a change of clothes or a blanket for more than two.”

 

On May 26th the 2d Massachusetts crossed the Potomac on pontoons and arrived at Frederick, Maryland, on May 28th. Here General Meade took command of the army. The 2d became engaged in the battle of Gettysburg on July 2d. Captain Robeson was fatally wounded on the morning of Friday, July 3d, the last day of the battle. From an early hour on that morning his company (Company E) had been posted as skirmishers in advance of the regiment, and had been lying concealed behind stones and logs in an open field. One of this men was shot in the leg while they were thus posted, and several times cried out asking to be carried to the rear. The ene­my were close in front, in the edge of a wood, in strong force, and it was very perilous to go forward to remove the wounded man. But Captain Robeson rose and went himself, took the man up, and carried him to the rear, and then returned to his place. At about 6 o'clock the regiment was ordered to advance. The other companies, charging forward at the double-quick, had just come up to Cap­tain Robeson's company, which was still posted in front, and he was advancing with them, when he was hit by a conical ball, which shattered the upper part of the bone of his right thigh, and he fell. He was taken to the rear at once, and removed to a hospital tent of the 12th Corps, with other wounded officers of the regiment.

 

His wound was found to be so serious that his life could not be saved, but everything that could be done for his comfort was done by friendly hands. On Saturday, Dr. Heath, the Assistant Surgeon of the regiment, finding him evidently sinking, told him that he feared he would not recover. He said, "You must be mistaken. I am free of pain, and feel stronger than yesterday." About an hour afterwards, the surgeon being again at his bedside, he said, "Well, I suppose I must go. It is hard for me to die, with so many bright prospects be­fore me. I feel the cause has been just, and I have tried to know and do my duty." He told the surgeon his wishes concerning the sett­lement of his affairs, and seemed calm and free from pain. On Monday morning, July 6th, at about 8 o'clock, he died very peacefully.

 

Among the brave and tried officers of his noble regiment Captain Robeson held no inferior place. His comrades found him a cheerful and pleasant companion, an honorable gentleman, and a faithful and accomplished soldier. His men loved him, and always relied upon him with that confidence which is in any officer the unfailing test of merit.

 

 

Robins, William T.:

CS-Col; Col 24th Regiment Virginia Cavalry; zunächst LtCol von deren Vorgängereinheit 42nd Cavalry Battalion

 

 

Robinson, Captain:

US-Captain; im Frühjahr 1862 Batteriechef der Battery L 1st Ohio Light Artillery; eingesetzt im Battle of Kernstown am 23.3.1862 (vgl. LtCol Philipp *Daum's Report OR 12 [I] 359).

 

 

Robinson, Charles:

Abolitionist; Arzt; führend beteiligt an den Auseinandersetzungen der Vorkriegszeit in Kansas (vgl. Brooksher, Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 11; vgl. Monaghan, Jay: Civil War on Western Borders, S. 5). Robinson war im Kansas Territory 1856 "Governor" der irre­gulären Regie­rung von "Free State Men" in Topeka, die sich gegen die reguläre Regierung unter John W. Geary stellte (vgl. Nevins, The Emer­gence of Lincoln, vol. I, a.a.O., S. 133, 148).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Blackmar, Frank W.: The Life of Charles Robinson (Topeka, 1912)

- **Robinson, Charles: Papers, Kansas State Historical Society

 

 

Robinson, David Tobias:

CS-Pvt; Co E 4th Virginia Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Robinson, David Tobias: Confederate Company List, ca. 1861-63. Confederate soldier. Manuscript list of Company E, 4th Virgi­nia Volunteer Regiment, written by Robinson, listing rank, age, eye and hair color, occupation, and other information about the men in the company, most of them from Southwest Virginia counties. Also includes an itemized list of clothing distributed to each man (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collecti­ons: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Col­lections Department of the Virginia Tech Librari­es Ms Ms92-017).

 

 

Robinson, George I.:

US-Lt; Chicago Board of Trade Independent Battery Light Artillery (Illinois Artillery)

 

 

Robinson, Henry:

CS-Captain; 27th Virginia Infantry; im Dezember 1861 eingesetzt bei Jackson's Expedition zur Zerstörung von Dam Nr. 5 am Chesa­peake-Ohio-Canal (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 62).

 

 

Robinson, James S.:

US-MajGen (13.3.1865); Col und Regimentskommendeur 82nd Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. Hamlin: Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 40). James Sidney Robin­son (October 14, 1827 – January 14, 1892) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio and a general in the Union Army during the Ameri­can Civil War (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_S._Robinson).

 

At the beginning of the Civil War, he enlisted in the 4th Ohio Infantry on April 17, 1861, and was soon made a captain. He took part in the operations at Rich Mountain in western Virginia and then was promoted to the rank of major in October 1861. He served un­der Maj. Gen. John C. Frémont in the Shenandoah Valley, and became a lieutenant colonel in April and colonel of the 82nd Ohio In­fantry in August 1862. He was engaged at the Cedar Mountain, the Second Battle of Bull Run, and Chancellorsville in XI Corps. Ro­binson was severely wounded in his chest at Gettysburg while leading his retreating troops into the borough on the first day of figh­ting. After a lengthy recuperation period, Robinson commanded a brigade under Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker and then under Maj. Gen. Alpheus S. Williams in XX Corps. He participated in the 1864 Atlanta Campaign and later in Sherman's March to the Sea. Du­ring the Carolinas Campaign, he fought at the Battle of Bentonville. Robinson was commissioned brigadier general of volunteers on January 12, 1865, and received the brevet rank of major general on March 13. Gen Robinson was mustered out of the army on Au­gust 31, 1865 (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_S._Robinson).

 

After the war, Robinson returned to Ohio and resumed his civilian career. He served as chairman of the Republican State Executive Committee of Ohio 1877-79. In January 1880, he was appointed as a commissioner of railroads and telegraphs for the state. Ro­binson was elected as a Republican to the Forty-seventh and Forty-eighth Congresses and served from March 4, 1881, to January 12, 1885, when he resigned. He then served as the Secretary of State of Ohio from 1885-89. James S. Robinson died in Kenton, Ohio, on January 14, 1892. He was interred there in Grove Cemetery (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_S._Robinson).

 

Photo:

Col. James Sidney Robinson, Member US House of Representatives für den 9th Bezirk Ohio, 4.3.1881-12.1.1885

 

 

Robinson, John C.:

US-BrigGen; Kommandeur 2nd Division XI. Corps im Battle of Gettysburg (vgl. Sauers:Meade-Sickles-Controversy, a.a.O., S. 30). Robinson was an old regular, whose flowing beard lent him the look of a biblical prophet. He had seen considerable fighting, but was yet to be tested as a division commander (vgl. Sears: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 34).

 

Robinson, O. G.:

US-Major; aus Allegheny County; 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry (vgl. Internet Datei 3rd PA Cavalry).

 

 

Robinson, Sidney Zebina:

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Robinson, Sidney Zebina: Papers (Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield / Illinois)

 

 

Robinson, John T.:

US-Sergeant; Co. A, 1st Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 34); Res. Hallowell, Maine; 25 y.; butcher; enl. and must. May 23, 1861; wounded May 5, 1862, at Williamsburg, Va.; apptd. Corpl., Nov. 1, 1862; apptd. Sergt., Feb. 21, 1863; † died July 17, 1863, at Jarvis Hospl., Baltimore, Md., of wounds reed, at Gettysburg, Penna., July, 1863 (vgl. Massachusetts Adju­tant General: Massachusetts Soldiers , a.a.O., vol 1, p. 8).

 

 

Robinson, W. H.:

CS-Captain; Co K 4th Alabama Infantry; verwundet 1st Cold Harbor und ausgeschieden

 

 

Robinson, William H.:

CS-Captain; Co K 4th Alabama Infantry; resigned 27.7.1861

 

 

Robinson, William M.:

US-Captain; Co A 26th Missouri Infantry Regiment; aus Lt. Louis im Zivilberuf Lawyer.

 

Robinson, William W.:

US-Col; 7th Wisconsin Infantry / Iron Brigade; am 1.7.1863 war Robinson's Regiment eingesetzt bei McPherson's Ridge beim An­griff auf Archer's Brigade bei *Willoughby's Run (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 151 mit Karte S. 150); Robinson befehligte im Battle of Gettysburg nach dem Ausfall von BrigGen Solomon Meredith die 1st Brigade, 1st Division Wadsworth, I Army Corps Doubleday (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg: The Second Day, a.a.O., S. 443).

 

 

Robson, John S.:

CS-+++ (vgl. Nosworthy: Bloody Crucible, a.a.O., S. 217).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Robson, John S.: How a One-Legged Rebel Lives, or the Reminiscenses of the Civil War (Durham / North Carolina, 1898)

 

 

Roddey, Philip Dale:

CS-Col; Col. 4th Alabama Cavalry; im Spätjahr 1862 Brigadekommandeur von Roddey's Brigade (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., S. 278 Anm. 7):

- 4th Alabama Cavalry Col. Philip D. Roddey

- 5th Alabama Cavalry Col. Josiah Patterson

- 53rd Alabama Cavalry Col. M. W. Hannon

- Julian's Alabama Cavalry Battalion Maj. William R. *Julian

 

Ende Oktober 1862 hatte die CS-Cavalry unter Col Philipp D. Roddey die Furt über den Tennessee River bei *Muscle Shoals / West-Alabama überquert, und war im Begriff nach Kentucky vorzudringen (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vol. I S. 30).

 

Am 12.12.1862 stieß Roddey's Cavalry 3 mi östlich von Cherokee / Alabama mit der US-Cavalry und vier Inferantieregimentern von Col Thomas W. *Sweeny zusammen, der während Grant's Overland Campaign den Befehl zu einer bewaffneten Aufklärung von Co­rinth nach Osten bis Muscle Shoals entlang der Memphis & Charleston Railroad erhalten hatte. Roddey's Cavalry mußte sich nach ei­nem kurzen Feuergefecht vor den überlegenen US-Kräften zurückziehen und wurde bis Muscle Shoals verfolgt (vgl. Bearss, Vicks­burg Campaign, a.a.O., I 278).

 

Roddey war mit seiner Brigade neben *Forrest zur Verfolgung *Streight's 1863 Alabama Raid eingesetzt (vgl. Willett: The Lightning Mule Brigade. Abel Streight's 1863 Raid into Alabama). Das DuBose Manuscript enthält eine Personenbeschreibung von Roddey (vgl. Willett, a.a.O., S. 20).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- DuBose, John Witherspoon: Manuscript (Diary); Alabama Department of Archives and History (ADAH), Montgomery. +++ Nach Internet-Auskunft des Archives ist das Manuscript unveröffentlicht, Kopien vom handschriftlichen Original können gegen Bezahlung (per Visa möglich !!!) bezogen werden; http://www.archives.state.al.us/referenc/military.html

- Willett, a.a.O.,

 

 

Rodenbough, Theophilus F.

US-Captain; 2nd US-Dragoons (2nd US-Cavalry)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Rodenbough, Theophilus F. and Haskin, William L. (eds.): The Army of the United States: Historical Sketches of Staff and Line ... (New York, 1896)

 

 

Roder, John W.:

US-Lt; Battery A 2nd US Artillery (Calef's Battery); Calef's Battery wurde am 1.7.1863 im Battle of Gettysburg in der Frontlinie von Gamble's Cavalry Brigade bei McPherson's Ridge eingesetzt (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 74); hierbei kommandierte Roder die rechts eingesetzte Sektion (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 75); Roder befehligte später ein Geschütz bei der Abwehr der CS-Brigade Davis am Bloody *Railroad Cut (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 137). W. B. *Murphy sah Roder's Geschütz im Einsatz am Bloody *Railroad Cut am 1.7.1863 (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 137)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Murphy, W. B.(2nd Mississippi Infantry): Letter v. 29.9.1900 am F. A. Dearborn; in: E. S. Bragg Papers, State Historical Society of Wisconsin

 

 

Rodes, Robert E.:

CS-MajGen; im Mai 1861 Col 5th Alabama Infantry (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 706). Rodes' Regiment war bis 17.7.1861 in Sangster's Station bei Manassas eingesetzt (vgl. Davis: Battle at Bull Run, a.a.O., S. 109) und befand sich 'nearest the enemy' (vgl. Blackford: Let­ters from Lee's Army, a.a.O., 23). Während Lee's Maryland Campaign vom September 1862 war BrigGen Rodes Briga­dekommandeur von Rodes' Brigade Daniel H. Hill's Division in Stonewall Jackson's Army Corps (vgl. Hill: The Battle of South Mountain, B & L vol. II S. 567). In Gettysburg Divisionskommandeur 3. Division in Ewell's 2nd Army Corps, Army of Northern Vir­ginia.

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- Griffin, D. Massy: „Rodes on Oak Hill: A Study of Rodes' Division on the First Day of ,“ Gettysburg Magazine, 4 (1991), 33-48

 

 

Rodgers (Rogers), James Gustavus:

CS-Captain; Co. H, 12th Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 52).

 

Probably from Bibb County/Georgia - † gef. 17.9.1862 Antietam; he was appointed Captain Co. H, 12th Regiment Georgia Infantry im Juni 1861. In the Antietam Campaign in command of the Regiment, as he had been on the Peninsular and 2nd Manassas Cam­paigns earlier in the year, he was killed in action at Sharpsburg on the 17th (vgl. Woodhead, Henry (ed.): Antietam: Voices of the Ci­vil War, a.a.O., S. 63; vgl. auch Frassanito: Antietam Photo­graphic Legacy, a.a.O., S. 103).

 

"Much depleted by the summer campaign, the 12th Georgia of Walker's Brigade was down to 100 men and commanded by a Captain, James G. Rodgers. Captain Rodgers first had the fingers of his left hand shot off and then took a round in the thigh before a fatal bul­let in the back of his head killed him instantly." (aus: Woodhead, Henry (ed.): Antietam: Voices of the Civil War; zitiert bei www.fin­dagrave.com; Abruf vom 19.6.2016).

 

 

Rodgers, John:

US-Commodore; born in Maryland in 1812, John Rodgers joined the navy in 1828. He served in the Pacific and was commander of the Flag when the Civil War started. Sent to command on western waters on May 16, 1861, he lasted only until August 26, when John Frémont' engineered his removal. During those few months Rodgers commissioned the first three Union gunboats in the West, the timberclads Tyler, Lexington, and Conestoga, and initiated the building of the seven Eads ironclads.

 

Rogers wurde kritisiert, weil er den Erwerb der Flußschiffe Tyler, Connestoga und Lexington ohne vorherige Zustimmung der Regier­ung vorgenommen hatte (vgl. Miles: A River Unvexed, a.a.O., S. 9).

 

Transferred east, Rodgers had a distinguished Civil War career. He was an aide to Samuel DuPont during the Port Royal / South Ca­rolina Expedition in late 1861, then commanded the ironclads Galena and Weehawken. On the latter he quickly battered and captured the Confederate ironclad Atlanta. After the Weehawken was sunk by a torpedo at Charleston, Rodgers was given command of the monster ironclad Dictator. He made rear admiral after the war and died in 1881.

 

 

Rodman, Thomas Jackson:

US-BrigGen (USV); 1815-1871; aus Indiana; West Point 1841 (7/52); Erfinder des als *Rodman Pricipble bekannten Hohlgußverfah­rens bei der Herstellung von Geschützrohren und der Rodman Gun; Rodman verbesserte auch Qualität des Schwarzpulvers. Rodman kommandierte das Watertown Arsenal während des Civil War und ab 1865 bis zu seinem Tod 1871 das Rock Island Arsenal (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 707).

 

 

Roebling, Washington A.:

US-Lt; Schwager von BrigGen Gouverneur Kemble Warren (vgl. Penny / Laine: Struggle for the Round Tops, a.a.O., S. 34). Aide im Stab der Potomac Armee Abteilung Topographical Engineers von Gouverneur Kemble *Warren. Die Potomac Army verfügte über keine geeigneten Karten von Pennsylvania (!), weshalb *Warren Lt. Washington A. Roebling nach Trenton, New Jersey schicken mußte, dessen Vater John Roebling eine topographische Karte von Pennsylvania besaß (vgl. Sauers: Gettysburg. The Meade-Sickles Controversy, a.a.O., S. 12 und S. 28 Anm. 165; Stein­man, D. B.: Builders of the Bridge: The Story of John Roebling and his Son [New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1945] S. 258; McCullough, David: The Great Bridge [New York: Simon and Schuster, 1972] S. 86; s. auch *Warren, Gouverneur Kemble).

 

 

Roemer, Jacob:

US-Major, 2nd New York Artillery (vgl. Nosworthy: Bloody Crucible, a.a.O., S. 229-29

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Roemer, Jacob: Reminiscences of the War of the Rebellion (Flushing / New York, 1897)

 

 

Rogers, Joseph A.:

US-Pvt; Co. H, 27th Regiment Connecticut Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 13); Rogers wurde im Battle of Frede­ricksburg schwer verwundet und nach langer Genesungszeit als dienstunfähig ausgemustert am 9.6.1863 (vgl. Gallagher u.a.: Frede­ricksburg, a.a.O., S. 60).

 

 

Rogers, Augustus L.:

CS-Pvt; Co.H, 28th Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 52).

 

 

Rogers, Clayton E.:

US-Lt; 6th Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. Gaff: On Many a Bloody, Field, a.a.O., S. 211; Venner: 19th Indiana, a.a.O., S. 37); 1863 war Rogers Mitglied im Stab 1st Division Wadsworth I Army Corps Doubleday Army of the Potomac; Teilnahme am Battle of Gettysburg (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 94, 121). Der Dienstrang wird unterschiedlich angegeben, einerseits als Lt (vgl. Martin: Gettys­burg, a.a.O., S. 122; Gaff: On many a bloody Field, a.a.O., S. 211, 270-271; Venner: 19th Indiana Infantry, a.a.O., S. 37), andererseits als Captain (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 121).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Lathrop, Stanley E.: A Brief Memorial to Captain Clayton E. Rogers (n.p., 1900)

- Rogers, Clayton E.: "Gettysburg Scenes." Milwauckee Sunday Telegraph, 13 May 1887

 

 

Rogers, Earl M.:

US-1stLt; Co. I, 6th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry; er trat als Pvt in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 25). Rogers kommandierte seine Company im Battle of Gettysburg (vgl. Herdegen/Beaudot: Bloody Railroad Cut, a.a.O., S. 44).

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- Rogers, Earl M.: „A Sixth Wisconsin Company,“ Milwaukee Sunday Telegraph, February ,, 1880

- Rogers, Earl M.: „Markle, Straggler“, Milwaukee Sunday Telegraph, October 8, 1887 (Anm. zu Pvt Peter *Markle, Co. I, 6th Re­giment Wisconsin Infantry [vgl. auch Herdegen/Beaudot: Bloody Railroad Cut, a.a.O., S. 46-47])

 

 

Rogers, Hiram C.:

US-Col; im Oktober 1862 war Rogers AAD XII Army Corps Slocum, eingesetzt ab 26.10.1862 im Raum Süd-Tennessee / Chattan­ooga (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 148)

 

 

Rogers, Isaac:

US-Major; 110th Pennsylvania Infantry; die 110th Pennsylvania Infantry gehörte 1863 zur 3rd Brigade (de *Trobriand's) 1st Division (Birney's Division) III. Army Corps und war im Battle von Gettysburg am Wheat Field eingesetzt.

 

 

Rogers, James A.:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 56th Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 52).

 

 

Rogers, James G.:

CS-Sergeant; Co. C, 19th Regiment Alabama Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 8).

 

 

Rogers, James Greenwood:

CS-Pvt; Co. C, 5th Regiment Kentucky Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 11); s. auch 2nr Battalion Kentucky Moun­ted Rifles (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 11).

 

29.10.1841 Patsey, Estill County/Kentucky - † 26.3.1930 Kentucky; beerd. Nada Cemetery, Powell County/Kentucky; °° I mit Melvi­na Hutton Rogers; °° II mit Margaret Brooks Martin Rogers (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 19.6.2016).

 

 

Rogers, James J.:

CS-Pvt; Co. B, 14th Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 52).

 

Rogers, John M.:

CS-2ndLt; Co. K, 25th Regiment Georgia Infantry; er trat als Pvt in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 52).

 

 

Rogers, J. Rowan:

CS-+++; 47th North Carolina Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Rogers, J. Rowan: “Additional Sketch, Forty-Seventh Regiment.” NO Regt. Vol 3: 103-112

 

 

Rogers, Simeon D.:

CS-Pvt; Co. F, 30th Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park soldiers M226 Roll 52).

 

 

Rogers, William H. H.:

US-Sergeant; Co. M, 3rd Regiment Iowa Cavalry; Rogers trat als Corporal in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M541 Roll 23). Teil­nahme am Battle of Pea Ridge am 7.3.1862 (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 100 und 357 Anm. 25).

 

Photo:

- Photographic History, vol I., a.a.O., S. 7710

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Rogers, William H. H.: Journal, State Historical Society of Iowa, Des Moines / Iowa

 

 

Rogers, William S. C.:

CS-Pvt; Co. H, 12th Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 52).

 

 

Rollins, NN. (Captain):

55th Ohio Infantry Regiment (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 356). Anm.: Kaufmann gibt den Namen mE. falsch wieder. Im Regimental Roster der 55th Ohio Infantry ist kein „Captain Rollins“ genannt, aber ein Captain Rodol­phus *Robbins.

 

 

Rollins, George S.:

US-Pvt, Co. G, 3rd Regiment Maine Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M543 Roll 18); er verstarb nach fehlerhafter Amputation aufgrund einer Verwundung im Battle of Fredericksburg (vgl. Gallagher: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 76 Anm. 26).

 

 

Rollins, George S./W.:

US-Pvt, Co. D, 1st Regiment Maine Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M543 Roll 18).

 

 

Ronald, Charles A.:

CS-Col; Rechtsanwalt aus Blacksburg / Virginia. Im Frühjahr 1862 LtCol und Regimentskommandeur 4th Virginia Infantry (vgl. Krick, Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 63; vgl. Wert: Brotherhood of Valor, a.a.O., S. 18; Anm.: bei National Park Soldiers nicht genannt). Die 4th Virginia Infantry gehörte im Frühjahr 1862 zu Garnett's Brigade, Jackson's Army of the Valley. Teilnahme am Battle of Kern­stown am 23.3.1862 (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 127). Ronald wurde hierbei erheblich verletzt als sein Pferd scheute und ihn abwarf (vgl. Tanner: a.a.O., S. 127). 1862 als Nachfolger von Gen Sidney *Winder Brigadekommandeur 1st Brigade 1st Division (Stonewall Brigade in der Division Winder-Taliaferro) im Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 (vgl. Battles and Lea­ders, Vol. II., a.a.O., S. 496). Die Brigade Ronald war bei Beginn der Schlacht auf der linken CS-Flanke eingesetzt und dem ener­gisch geführten Gegenangriff der US-Brigade *Crawford ausgesetzt. Gen *Branch be­hauptete später, die berühmte Stonewall Briga­de sei vom Schlachtfeld geflohen, der Einsatz der Brigade Branch habe die Stonewall Brigad­e aufgefangen (vgl. Stackpole: From Ce­dar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 66-67). Tatsächlich war nur die 27th Virginia Infantry aus der Stonewall Brigade geflohen, während die an­deren Regimenter die Stellung hielten und als einzige CS-Einheiten sogar drei US-Re­gimentsfahnen erobert hatten. Die falsche Be­hauptung Branch's diente nur der Erhöhung seines eigenen Ruhms auf Kosten der Sto­newall Brigade (vgl. Hartwig, Scott D.: Com­mentary zu Stackpole: From Cedar Mountain, a.a.O.,S. 461; Robertson: Stonewall Bri­gade, a.a.O., S. 131 ff; Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 384-88). Branch übernahm aktiv den schlachtentscheidenden Gegenstoß auf Jackson's schon geworfener linker Flanke (vgl. Hassler, William Woods: A. P. Hill: Lee’s Forgotten General, a.a.O., S. 79; Stackpole: From Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 66-67). Krick beurteilt Ronald negativ und verweist auf Ronald's Report des Battle of Cedar Moun­tain (vgl. OR 12.2, S. 200, 203-04), den er als 'confused' beurteilt (vgl. Krick, Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 63): "It doubtless was clear to Winder, that Ronald was not made of the stuff of brigade commanders".

 

 

Rooks, John Calvin:

CS (?)-Pvt Co I 11th Kansas Infantry +++CS/US ?+++

 

- John Calvin Rooks. Papers, 1976; 2 items. Typewritten manuscript and photocopied clippings of a published article appearing in the Kansas Rooks County Record, June 24 and July 15, 1976, relative to Private John Calvin Rooks, Company I, Eleventh Kansas Infan­try, and his exploits in the battles of Cane Hill and Prairie Grove (Washington County) (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Roosa, Simon (Simeon) K.:

US-Pvt; Co. C, 1st US-Sharpshooters (Berdan’s Sharpshooters) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M1290 Roll 2); † kia 1./3.7.1863 Gettysburg (vgl. Stevens: Berdan’s US-Sharpshooters in the Army of the Potomac, a.a.O., S. 344), buried Mount Moriah Cemetery, Philadelphia/Penns. (vgl. findagra­ve.com, Abruf 9.10.2016).

 

 

Root, Adrian R:

US-Col; 94th New York Infantry, im Juli / August 1862 in *Rickett's Division, Pope's Army of Virginia; Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 55; Root to "My Dear Mother", Aug. 16, 1862, typescript, Manassas National Batt­lefield Park).

 

 

Root, George F.:

US-Kriegslied-Dichter; Verfasser vieler bekannter Soldatenlieder für die Nordstaatenarmee, darunter Text und Melodie zu "Battle Cry of Freedom" (McPherson, Für die Freiheit sterben, a.a.O., S. v).

 

 

Ropers, John Codman:

US-+++

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Gray, John C. and John Codman Ropers: War Letters of John Chipman Gray and John Codman Ropes (Cambridge, Mass., River­side Press of the Massachusetts Historical 1927)

 

 

Ropes, Hannah:

US-Nurse; Civil War Nurse

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Ropes, Hannah US-Nurse): The Diary and Letters of Hannah Ropes; ed. John R. Brumgardt (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1980)

 

 

Ropes, Henry:

US-1stLt, Co. K, 20th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 34).

 

16.5.1839 London/England - † gef. 3.7.1863 Gettysburg; beerd. Forest Hills Cemetery, Jamaica Plain, Suffolk County, Massachu­setts; Sohn v. William Ropes (1781-1869) und Mary Anne Codman Ropes (1802-1873) (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf v. 11.4. 2016).

 

Zu seinem Tod heißt es im Bericht von BrigGen Henry Livermore *Abbott: "...The other is First Lieut. Henry Ropes, who was shot dead. Never before has this regiment, in the death of any officer, received one-half so heavy a blow. His conduct in this action, as in all previous ones, was perfectly brave, but not with the bravery of excitement that nerves common men. He was in battle absolutely cool and collected, apparently unconscious of the existence of such a feeling as personal danger, the slight impetuosity and excitabili­ty natural to him at ordinary times being sobered down into the utmost self-possession, giving him an eye that noticed every circum­stance, no matter how thick the shot and shell; a judgment that suggested in every case the proper measures, and a decision that made the application instantaneous. It is impossible for me to conceive of a man more perfectly master of himself; more completely noting and remembering every circumstance in times when the ordinary brave man sees nothing but a tumult and remembers after it is over nothing but a whirl of events which he is unable to separate.


Lieut. Ropes' behavior in this battle was more conspicuous for coolness and absolute disregard of personal danger than I have ever witnessed in any other man. He entered the service and remained in it until his death from the purest patriotism; not a single ambi­tious or selfish motive mingled with it. He would have made the noblest sacrifice where he knew that no man would even hear it as readily as if the eyes of the whole world were fixed upon him. Such perfect purity of sentiment deserves this distinguished mention, which Lieut. Ropes himself would have been the last to expect." (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf v. 11.4. 2016).

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Ropes, Henry (Lt., Co. K, 20th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry): Letter to father v. 5.1.1863; Boston University Library, John C. Ropes Collection: Papers of the Military Historical Society of Massachusetts

 

 

Rorty, James McKay:

US-Captain; zunächst Pvt, Co. G, 69th Regiment New York State Militia (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 120). Rorty be­schuldigte den da­maligen BrigGen William T. Sherman die Flucht der US-Truppen vor Henry House Hill im Battle of 1st Bull Run verursacht zu ha­ben. Als während des Angriffs des 69tr Regiment New York Militia auf Jackson's Truppen auf Henry House Hill kam es zu einem CS-Cavalry-Angriff. Daraufhin habe Sherman seinen beiden Regimentern den Rückzug befohlen, der in eine Flucht aus­artete, wobei die Flüchtigen genau in die Aufstellung der 69th New York Militia geflüchtet seien. Dieses Regiment sei regelrecht überrannt wor­den, seine Formation durchbrochen worden und es sei nur der Rückzug geblieben (vgl. Craughwell: Greatest Brigade, a.a.O., S. 59). Rorty fiel dabei in Kriegsgefangenschaft (vgl. Craughwell: Greatest Brigade, a.a.O., S. 59).

 

Später trat Rorty als 1stLt in 14th Independent Battery, New York Light Artillery ein, und wurde deren Captain (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 120), auch als Battery B, 1st New York Volunteer Light Artillery (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Stichwort Rorty, Abruf vom 20.5.2016).

 

11.6.1837 - † gef. 3.7.1863 Gettysburg; beerd. Calvary Cemetery, Woodside, Queens County / New York. He was killed repulsing Pickett's Charge on 3.7.1863 during the Battle of Gettysburg (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Stichwort Rorty, Abruf vom 20.5.2016).

 

 

Rose, Daniel Devine:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 11th Regiment Michigan Infantry (1st organization) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M545 Roll 36).

 

Teilnahme an Sherman's Marsch auf Atlanta; im Mai 1864 beteiligt am Umgehungsmarsch um Dal­ton durch Snake Creek Gap (vgl. Cas­tel: Decision, a.a.O., S. 126 ohne namentliche Erwähnung von Rose, aber mit Hinweis auf das Rose Diary für den 6.5.1864, a.a.O., S. 583 Anm. 12); im August 1864 am Flint River bei Atlanta (vgl. Castel: Decision, a.a.O., S. 481).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Rose, Daniel Devine (Pvt; Co. A, 11th Regiment Michigan Infantry): Diary and Letters; Sammlung Castel (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 632).

 

 

Rose, Milton:

CS-Lt; 1861/62 Chew's Battery (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S.52); auch als 'Milton Rouse' bezeichnet (vgl. McDo­nald: Laurel Brigade, a.a.O., S. 31); er schloß sich 1862 der Cavalry an (vgl. McDonald: Laurel Brigade, a.a.O., S. 31)

 

 

Rose, Victor M.:

CS-Pvt; Co. C 3rd Texas Cavalry; bei Kriegsbeginn war Rose Student am Centenary College (vgl. Hale, Thord Texas, a.a.O., S. 43).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Rose, Victor M.: Ross' Texas Brigade: Being a Narrative of Events Connected with its Service in the Late War Between the States (Reprint 1881, Kennesaw, 1960)

- **Rose, Victor M.: The Life and Services of Gen. Ben McCulloch (Philadelphia 1888)

 

 

 

Rosecrans, William Starke (Old Rosy“):

* 1819 in Kingston/OH - 1898; deutschstämmig, sein Bruder ist katholischer Bischof von Cincinnati; West-Point 1842 (Pioniere); Ausbilder in West Point, Architekt, GenMaj.; vor dem Krieg beteiligt in der Kohle- und Ölindustrie nahe Charleston mit Firmen­hauptsitz in Cincinnati; Bürgerkrieg: Wehrbezirk Ohio (1861), Rich Mountain, Carnifax Ferry, Iuka, Corinth, Stone’s River, Chicka­mauga:

 

Kommandeur der Army of the Cumberland 30.10.1862-20.10.1863

 

Seit dem Verlust der Schlacht von Chickamauga als Kommandeur der Army of the Cumberland mehr und mehr demoralisiert (vgl. Chattanooga, MilAmerik36, S. 11)

 

Nachkriegszeit: Diplomat und Politiker (Photo bei Längin, S. 47).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Boatner, a.a.O., S. 708

 

 

Rosengarten, Joseph G.:

US-Captain / Major (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 142; im Juli 1863 Mitglied im Stab von MajGen Reynolds I Army Corps (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 98, 142).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Rosengarten, Joseph G.: Letter to Samuel P. Bates, 13 Jan. 1876; Pennsylvania Division of Archives and Manuscripts

- **Rosengarten, Joseph G.: The German Soldier in the Wars of the United States (Philadelphia 1886)

 

 

Ross, Egbert A.:

CS-Major; zunächst Captain, Co. C, 1st Regiment North Carolina Infantry (6 months, 1861) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 34), dann Co. A, 11th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (Bethel Regiment) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 34); später in dessen Nachfolgeregiment 21st Regiment North Caroli­na Infantryt (vgl. Wilson: Pettigrew, a.a.O., S. 42).

 

† 1.7.1863 Gettysburg im Alter von 20 J 9 M, beerd. Elmwood Cemetery, Charlotte, Mecklenburg County/NC (vgl. http://www.fin­dagrave.com). Zunächst Captain Co.C, 1st North Carolina Infantry (Bethel Regiment; Ende 1861 mit dem 1st North Carolina Infan­try Regiment (Bethel Regiment) NC ausgemustert; Anfang 1862 zunächst Captain, dann Major 11th North Carolina In­fantry Re­giment.

 

Ross hatte am North Carolina Military Institut studiert, dessen Superintendent Gen. D. H. Hill gewesen war. Bei Kriegsausbruch trat Ross in das ursprüngliche 11th North Carolina Regiment (Bethel Regiment) ein; Ende 1862 war er Major in dessen Nachfolge-Re­giment, 21st North Carolina Infantry Regiment (vgl. Wilson: Pettigrew, a.a.O., S. 42).

 

After the outbreak of the Civil War he became Captain of a company of men from Charlotte, North Carolina known as the "Charlotte Grays". Elected its commander at the age of 17, the Company became Company C of the 1st North Carolina Infantry. He led his troops at the June 10, 1861 Battle of Big Bethel, Virginia, and was commended for his bravery in the action by his commander, Colo­nel (later Lieutenant General) Daniel Harvey Hill. Towards the end of 1861 the 1st North Carolina was mustered out, only be be re-organized the next spring as the 11th North Carolina Infantry (and retaining most of its original men). Egbert A. Ross was appointed Major of the regiment, a role he served in until his death. After garrison duty at Fort Fisher, North Carolina, the regiment was made part of Heth's Division in the Army of Northern Virginia. On the first day of the July 1863 Battle of Gettysburg, Major Ross took part in his brigade's attack on Union infantry re-enforcements on McPherson's Ridge. There, in a slugfest with the Army of the Potomac's famed "Iron Brigade", he was shot and killed. He was only 20 years old at the time. Today the Charlotte Sons of Confederate Veter­ans Post is named after him (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com).

 

Sohn von Dr. Francis Madison Ross and Dorcas N. Gilmer Ross of Charlotte, N.C; Bruder von Emma E. Ross Harty.

 

Photo:

Captain Egbert A. Ross (vgl. http://www.thomasvenner.com/2013/12/23/company-a-the-enlistment-story).

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Ross, Egbert E. (Captain 1st and 11th North Carolina re­giments): Letters to his Sister Emma Ross: Emma E. Ross Harty Papers, 1860-1862, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill/NC, Southern Historical Collection. Emma E. Ross was the daughter of Dr. Francis Madison Ross and Dorcas N. Gilmer Ross of Charlot­te, N.C. In 1861 she married James Harty of Charlotte. The collection contains nine letters to Emma E. Ross before her marriage from her friend Harriette (last name unknown) of New Bern, N.C., and se­venteen from her brother, Egbert A. Ross (1842-1863) writ­ten while he was attending Colonel Tew's Mili­tary Academy in Hillsbo­rough, N.C. in 1860 and while he served as a Confederate offi­cer with the 1st and 11th North Carolina re­giments in Virginia and eas­tern North Carolina; a letter to Emma from her mother; and a few other items. The letters from Harriette deal largely with courtship and social life. Those from Egbert discuss life at school, troop movements, need for food, mortality of troops from disease, and other matters.

 

Ross, Fitzgerald:

österreichischer Militärbeobachter in den CSA. Ross wurde 1825 in Little Bookham, Leatherhead, Surry, England geboren und auf den Edward FitzGerald Turton Ross getauft. Er studierte an den Universitäten in Heidelberg und Göttingen und schloß sich anschlie­ßend als einfacher Soldat am 16.1.1850 den österreichischen Husaren an. Ross wurde bereits am 20.5.1850 zu Leutnant und am 1.10.1851 zum Oberleutnant befördert. Am 10.7.1861 wurde er zum Hauptmann der Husaren befördert. Am 13.10.1862, damals in Krakau stationiert, wurde er in den vorübergehenden Ruhestand versetzt. Er kehrte nach Wien und anschließend nach England zu­rück. Von dort aus bereiste er ein Jahr lang die CSA, reiste dann nach Spanien und führte in der Folgezeit das Leben eines Gentleman in London und Little Bookham. Er kehrte im April 1866 zu den Husaren zurück, offensichtlich aber nur pro forma, um sich anschlie­ßend im Offiziersrang sich pensionieren lassen zu können. Seine Versetzung in den endgültigen Ruhestand datiert vom 28.4.1868. Den Rest seines Lebens verbrachte in Ross in England. Letztmals taucht Ross in den österreichischen Akten auf anläßlich der Verlei­hung der "Jubiläumserinnerungs-Medaille" am 2.12.1898 (Vgl. Harwell: Introduction zu Roos: Cities and Camps of the Confederate States, a.a.O., S. XIV).

 

Ross befand sich am 2.7.1863 im Stabsquartier des I. Army Corps Longstreet (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg. The Second Day, a.a.O., S. 104; Ross, a.a.O., S. 48; Freemantle: Three Month in the Southern States, a.a.O., S. 262).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Ross, FitzGerald: Cities and Camps of the Confederate States; edited by Richard Barksdale Harwell (University of Illinois Press, Urbana and Chicago, 1958, Neuausgabe 1997)

 

 

Ross, James B.:

US-Pvt; 123rd Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 86).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Ross, James B.: Papers and Diary (Western Pennsylvania Historical Society. Pittsburg, Penn.)

 

 

Ross, Lawrence Sullivan:

CS-Kavallerie +++General, s. *Ross’ Brigade, Gouverneur von Texas von 1886 bis 1890.

 

Während der Pea Ridge Campaign im Frühjahr 1862 war Ross Major in Col Warren B. *Stone's 6th Texas Cavalry in Benjamin *Mc­Culloch's Division in Earl Van Dorn's Army of the West (vgl. Shea / Hess, Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 54, 335). Major Ross unternahm Ende Februar 1862 einen Raid einen Raid von den Boston Mountain / Arkansas mit der 6th Texas Cavalry nach Süd-Missouri um die linke Flanke von Samuel R. *Curtis US-Army of the Southwest herum und erreichte am 25.2.1862 Keetsville an der Telegraph Road bei *Keetsville, wo er vorübergehend die US-Versorgungslinie unterbrach (vgl. Shea / Hess, Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 54 mit Karten S. 31, 40). Die 6th Texas Cavalry unternahm während Van Dorn's Vorstoß nach Norden Richtung Pea Ridge am 5.3.1863 eine zur Ab­lenkung erfolgte Aufklärung entlang der Telegraph Road nach Mudtown, am Südende der Cross Hollow's Schlucht (vgl Shea / Hess, a.a.O., S. 63; OR 8: 283, 297, 303). Das Regiment wurde bei Beginn des Angriffs Gen. Van Dorn's in Pea Ridge im Rahmen des Ab­lenkungsmanövers der Brigade McIntosh's auf die Cross Hollow Schlucht eingesetzt (Shea / Hess, Pea Ridge, S. 63). Beim Vorstoß zur Schlacht von Pea Ridge am 7.3.1862 über die Bentonville Detour (Karte: Shea / Hess, a.a.O., S. 92) in den Rücken der US-Ver­teidiger war Ross ebenfalls an der Spitze der CS-Truppen eingesetzt, mußte jedoch aufgrund eines Führungsfehlers der CS-Armee­führung hinter der Infantry and Artillerie warten, bis die Vormarschstraße frei war (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 84).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Benner, Judith Ann: Sul Ross: Soldier, Statesman, Educator. College Station: Texas A & M Press, 1983

- **Kerr, Homer L, ed.. Fighting With Ross' Texas Cavalry Brigade; CSA.: The Diary of George L. Griscom, Adjutant, 9th Texas Ca­valry Regiment. Hillsboro, Tex., 1976

- **Rose, Victor M.: Ross' Texas Brigade: Being a Narrative of Events Connected with its Service in the Late War Between the States (Reprint 1881, Kennesaw, 1960)

- **Ross Family Papers, Baylor University, Waco, Texas Collection

 

 

Ross, Levi Adolphus:

US-Pvt, unassigned Illinois Volunteers (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 77) +++prüfen: ob derselbe+++

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Ross, Levi Adolphus: Papers (Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield / Illinois)

 

 

Ross, Leonhard F.:

US-BrigGen; während der Shiloh-Campaign 1862 war Col Ross Brigadekommandeur der 3rd Brigade 1st Division MajGen John A McClernand in Grant's Army of the Tennessee. Ross hatte im Frühjahr 1862 gerade seine Frau verloren und befand während des Batt­le of Shiloh am 6.4.1862 sich wegen der Beerdigung in Illinois, weshalb während seiner Abwesenheit führte Col J. S. Reardon die Brigade; dieser war am 6.4.1862 plötzlich erkrankt, weshalb die Führung der Brigade an Raith als rangältestem Col fiel (vgl. Da­niel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 177).

 

Zu Beginn von Grant's Overland Campaign traf BrigGen Ross am 11.11.1862 in Jackson / Tennessee ein, um Gen Stanley als Divisi­onskommandeur abzulösen, der zur Army of the Cumberland versetzt worden war (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vol. I S. 61, 62).

 

 

Ross, Samuel:

US-Col; 20th Connecticut Infantry / Coburn's Brigade (seit 16..4.1864) (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 159). Ross kommandierte Coburn's Brigade zeitweise im April / Mai 1864, während einer Abwesenheit von Col Coburn (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 160).

 

 

Ross, William H.:

US-Captain; Batteriechef Battery B 2nd Michigan Artillery. Während der Shiloh Campaign im Frühjahr 1862 gehörte die Battery un­ter Führung von Lt C. W. Laing zur 4th Division BrigGen Stephen A. Hurlbutt in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee. Teilnahme am Batt­le of Shiloh am 6.4.1862. Die Battery von Captain William H. Ross (Battery B 2nd Michigan Artillery) bezog Stellung in der Front von 1st Brigade Col Nelson G. *Williams 4th Division BrigGen Stephen A. Hurlbutt (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 192).

 

 

Rosser, James Nelson:

CS-Pvt (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 125), CS-Pvt, Co. G, 12th Consolidated Regiment Tennessee Infantry (vgl. National Park Sol­diers M231 Roll 38).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Rosser, James: Diary (Gloria Gardner Collection, Jackson, Tennessee)

 

 

Rosser, Thomas Lafayette:

CS-MajGen; 1836-1910; West Point Abbruch der Ausbildung im Mai 1861; Rosser schloß sich der CSA an; Lt in der *Washington Artillery; im Juli 1861 eingesetzt zur Unterstützung von Ewell's Brigade am rechten Flügel von Beauregard's Army in Virginia bei Union Mills am Bull Run (vgl. Pfanz: Well. A Soldiers Life, a.a.O., S. 130); Teilnahme 1st Manassas; kurz danach zum Captain be­fördert; Skirmish of Lewinsville am 12.9.1861 (vgl. Confederate Military History, a.a.O., vol. X, S. 210). Col 5th Virginia Cavalry; unter Stuart nahm die 5th Virginia Cavalry (vgl. Stuart's Report OR 12 [2] S. 120) an Skirmishes vom 21.7.-16.8.1862 im Raum zwi­schen Hanover Court House und Fredericksburg teil (vgl. Stuart's Report OR 12 [2] S. 119).

 

Rosser zeichnete sich als erneut in den Kavallerie-Gefechten im Oktober 1862 in Virginia bei der Sicherung von Longstreet's Corps bei Rückzug von Lee's Army vom Potomac zum Rappahannock aus, als er Fitz Lee's Cavalry (Sturart's Cavalry Division) vorüber­gehend während der Abwesenheit von BrigGen Fitz Lee und der Verwundung von dessen Vertreter Col Williams C. Wickham über­nehmen mußte (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., 2: 311).

 

Kommandeur der Laurel Brigade seit 28.9.1863 ++++

 

Photo:

MajGen Thomas L. Rosser (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_L._Rosser)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Rosser, Thomas L., Gen C.S.A.: Riding with Rosser (White Mane; edited by S. Roger Keller)

 

 

Rossi, Robert:

US-Corporal; Co. K, 8th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 120).

 

On 23.4.1861 Rossi signed up for 2 years in the German regiment commanded by Louis Blenker, the 8th New York Infantry Volun­teers. He became a bugler, and in September 1861 he was made a corporal, but as early as 30.6.1862, he resigned from the army on the grounds of nearsightedness (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: Germans in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 80).

 

Rossi's Familie stammte ursprünglich aus Italien; sein Großvater Guiseppe Rossi, who made optical instruments, left Como / Italy and moved to Stockholm. His son Joseph was the personal physician attending the Swedish royal family, but for reasons that are un­clear, he was banished from Sweden in 1810 and then settled in Schwerin/Mecklenburg. His only son, Robert, was born there in 1831. Robert's father, private teacher, and the local secondary school tried all to educate Robert Rossi without any remarcable suc­cess, although Robert did manage to finish an apprenticeship as a clerk. He changed jobs frequently and then decided in 1858 to im­migrate to America (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: Germans in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 79).

 

Photo:

- Kamphoefner/Helbich: Germans in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 80

 

 

Rossiter, Charles W.:

US-Pvt; Co. C, 7th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 92).

 

 

Rossiter, Preston:

US-Pvt; Co. F, 6th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (3 months, 1861) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 104); original filed un­der 'Rosseter' (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 104); Co. F war vom deutschstämmigen Captain Henry I. *Hendler unter dem Namen 'Washington Yeagers of Pottsville' aufgestellt worden, in der viele Deut­sche dienten (vgl. Valuska/Keller: Damn Dutch, a.a.O., S. 215 n7).

 

 

Rowe, David Watson:

US-LtCol; 126th Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 95, 109 Anm. 30)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Rowe, D. Watson (LtCol; 126th Pennsylvania Infantry): "On the Field of Fredericksburg," in: Annals of the War, a.a.O., S. 257 ff.

- **Rowe, David Watson (LtCol; 126th Pennsylvania Infantry): “A Sketch of the 126th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers“. Prepa­red by an Officer, and Sold for the Benefit of the Franklin County Soldiers’ Monumental Association (Chambersburg, Pa.: Cook & Hays, 1869)

 

 

Rousseau, Lovell Harrison:

US-MajGen; Selfmademan, Rechtsanwalt, Ex-Senator (zu seiner Jugend und Ausbildung vgl. Evans S. 32); Rousseau war ein gebo­rener Soldat und im Gegensatz zu vielen anderen politischen Generälen ein fähiger Offizier (Evans, S. 34); stellte aus eigenen Mitteln 1861 Rousseau’s Louisville Legion auf (vgl. Evans, a.a.O., S. 35, 39; Kelly in Battles and Leaders Vol. I S. 376); im September 1861 als Colonel eingesetzt bei Louisville / KY (vgl. Frémont, John C.: „In Command in Missouri.“ In Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, ed. Robert U. Johnson and Clarence C. Buel. 4 vols. New York, 1884-1887, Vol. I, S. 285: Brief Frémonts an Lincoln vom 8.9.1864); 1864 kommandierender Offizier im US-Militärbezirk Tennessee (vgl. Evans, Sherman’s Horsemen, a.a.O., S. 29); Kom­mandierender General der *Rousseau’s Division (vgl. Evans, a.a.O., S. xiv; zur Gliederung s. *Rousseau’s Division); unternimmt ab 10.7.1864 mit 3000 Mann (8th Indiana Cavalry, 2nd Kentucky Cavalry, 5th Iowa Cavalry, 4th Tennessee Cavalry und 9th Ohio Ca­valry) einen Cavalry-Raid gegen die Montgomery & West Point Railroad in Alabama; Rousseau's Reiter legen in 12 Tagen 400 Mei­len zurück und verlieren dabei lediglich 42 Mann (vgl. Längin, a.a.O., S. 231; Evans, a.a.O., S. 29 ff.) (Photo bei Evans, S. 33).

 

 

Routt, Wm. H.:

CS-+++klären+++ (vgl. Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 9 iVm. S. 224n14)

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Routt, Wm. H: Letter to Bettie, 23.6.1863, Routt Papers, MC

 

 

Rowell, George A.:

CS-Pvt; zunächst Co. I, 3rd Regiment Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 48); dann Pvt, Co. G, 13th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 52); Rowell gehörte zunächst zur Surry Light Artillery, which was organi­zed as infantry and assigned to Co. I, 3rd Regiment Virginia Infantry Anfang August 1861 (vgl. Jo­nes: Under the Stars and Bars: Sur­ry Light Artillery of Virginia, a.a.O., S. 9, 11). Im Frühjahr 1862 wurde er auf seinen Wunsch versetzt zur Surry Cavalry (= Company G, 13th Regiment Virginia Cavalry) (vgl. Jo­nes: Under the Stars and Bars: Surry Light Artillery of Virginia, a.a.O., S. 30).

 

† 20.5.1909 Surry/Virginia; er litt zuvor lange an „Paralysis“ (Lähmung) (vgl. Jo­nes: Under the Stars and Bars: Surry Light Artillery of Virginia, a.a.O., S. 30).

 

 

Rowett, Richard:

US-Major; 7th Illinois Infantry; das Regiment gehörte im Battle of Shiloh unter Führung von Major Rowett zur 3rd Brigade Col Tho­mas W. Sweeny 2nd Division W.H.L. Wallace in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 319; Grant: The Op­posing Forces at Shiloh, B & L, a.a.O., I, S. 537).

 

 

Rowland, Jordan:

CS-Captain; Co. C, 34th Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 53).

 

1826 Georgia - † 2.10.1879 Meriwether County/Georgia; beerd .Crowley Cemetery; Luthersville, Meriwether County/GA; °° Mar­cella Strickland Rowland; Schwager von CS-Pvt Ezekiel Lafayette *Strickland (Co. B, 13rd Regiment Georgia Infantry), von (err.) CS-1stLt Henry H. *Strickland und von CS-Captain John Mercer *Strickland ( Co. B, 1st Regiment Georgia Cavalry) (vgl. www.­findagrave.com, Abruf vom 3.6.2016).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Nance, Ivey: Family History for the Descendants of John Milledge Gilbert Strickland: The Union of John Strickland and Sarah Hart Knight (2012) (darin Captain Jordan Rowland, 34th Regiment Georgia Infantry)

 

 

Rowley, William R.:

US-Captain; aus Galena / Illinois; bis Anfang 1862 war Rowley Lt 45th Illinois Infantry (Washburn Lead Mine Regiment); ab Früh­jahr 1862 Mitglied im Stab von US Grant (vgl. Catton: Grant Moves south, a.a.O., S. 95, 207, 209, 259, 273).

 

 

Rowley, William W.:

US-Lt; 28th New York Infantry; im Battle of Kernstown am 23.3.1862 eingesetzt als Signal Officer (vgl. Rowley's Report OR 12 [I] 351); im Frühjahr 1862 gehörte die 28th New York Infantry zur Division Williams, 5th Army Corps Banks; die Division Winder war am 23.3.1862 bereits in Marsch gesetzt vom Shenandoah Valley nach Centreville; aufgrund des Angriffs von Stonewall Jackson's Valley Army auf Kernstown am 23.3.1862 wurde die Division Winder ins Shenandoah Valley zurück befohlen.

 

 

Royster, Iowa M.:

CS-2ndLt, zunächst Sergeant Co. E, 1st Regiment North Carolina Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 34); später 2ndLt, Co. G, 37th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 34).

 

1840 Raleigh, Wake County/NC - † 15.7.1863 Gettysburg/PA, nach tödlicher Verwundung am 3.7.1863; beerd. Oakwood Cemetery, Raleigh, Wake County / NC; Sohn v. James Daniel Royster (1807-1890) und Mary Smoothley Ashley Royster (1815-1890) (vgl. findagra­ve.com, Abruf v. 3.5.2016).

 

Iowa Royster was a student at UNC-Chapel Hill, graduating with highest honors in 1860. After graduation, he served the university as a tutor, but left this position and enlisted in the 1th NC Cavalry, Company E, as a private in 1862. He was soon promoted to Ser­geant in "E" Co. NC 9th, and then on June 5, 1863, as a Second Lieutenant in Company G, 37th North Carolina Volunteers. Iowa Royster was wounded at the Battle of Gettysburg at July 3, 1863 and died of his wounds days later (vgl. fin­dagrave.com, Abruf v. 3.5.2016).


Royster was interred in the "Corner of woods on the south side of Henry Beilter's tenant farm." (50) Beilter's farm was on the Balti­more Pike. He then was re-interred in Oakwood Cemetery in Raleigh, North Carolina (vgl. findagrave.com, Abruf v. 3.5.2016).


The North Carolina Standard (Weekly) Wednesday, July 29, 1863:

„DEATH OF LIEUT. IOWA ROYSTER-Among the number of distinguished young men from North Carolina who fell at the battle of Gettysburg, we regret to find the name of Lieut. ROYSTER of this city. He was shot down by a cannon ball far ahead of his men, waving his sword, and cheering them on in the desperate charge upon the heights in the rear of that town, on the third day of the fight. An order had been given to fall back, but the brave young Lieutenant heard it not, till unsupported, he rushed into the jaws of death.-Spirit of the Age.

 

Literatur, Urkunden:

- **Royster Papers: University of North Carolina

- **Wert, Jeffry D.: Gettysburg Day Three, a.a.O., S. 329 n. 29

 

 

Rude, Francis M.:

US-Captain; Co F 85th Indiana Infantry; Rude's Company war während der Chattanooga Campaign ab 5.9.1863 in Fosterville zur Bewachung Eisenbahnlinie zwischen Christiana / Tennessee zur Duck River Bridge eingesetzt (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Bri­gade, a.a.O., S. 133).

 

 

Ruff, Charles A. (D):

US-Pvt; Co. G, 41st Missouri Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M390 Roll 41). Sein ursprünglicher Name war Carl Anton Ruff (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 366).

 

Carl Anton Ruff was born 1832 in Hohenzollern-Hechingen; he grew up in a wealthy Catholic family; his father was a high-ranking treasury official, and Carl and his three brothers studied at the universities of Tübingen und Freiburg. Carl, at least, did not graduate, and because of some unknown transgression, he left for the United States in the mid-1850s and lived in St. Louis. Ruff schloß sich der 41st Missouri Infantry am 13.8.1864 an und wurde als Pvt im Juli 1865 ausgemustert (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 333-370).

 

 

Ruff, Charles Hilmar (D):

31.8.1833 Braunschweig - † 26.4.1892 Sealy, Austin County/Texas (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com); CS-Captain/Acting Quarter­master, Co. G, F and S, 2nd Texas Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M227 Roll 31).

 

°° 14.12.1865 in Galveston/Texas mit Irene A. Delacroix Ruff (1836 - 1903) (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com)

 

Charles H. Ruff of Beaumont was apparently conscripted sometime in 1862, he was in a Conscript Camp on the Gulf Coast & enlis­ted in the2nd Texas on 28 OCT 1862 in Jan of 1863 he transferred to the 2nd Texas Co G. He served in the siege of Vicksburg and was paroled 07 JUL 1863, came back to Texas and rejoined the reconstituted 2nd Texas where he was made an acting Commissary Sgt of Co G in NOV 1863. Promoted to Commissary Sgt in Jan 1864 he transferred to the regimental NCO staff. Transferred to Bri­gade staff in Houston in March 1864 he applied for and received a Captains position and Asst Quartermaster in April 1864. Last re­cords for him are dated March 1865 LOC (vgl. http://civilwartalk.com/threads/pvt-c-w-ruff-2nd-texas-infantry.110052).

 

Photo:

CS-Pvt Charles H. Ruff Co. G, F and S, 2nd Texas Infantry Regiment, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C.

 

 

Ruff, Joseph R. (D):

US-+++; 12th Michigan Infantry (?); Anm. Ruff ist zitiert bei Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 350 Anm. 2 zu S. 143 iVm mit Karte S. 146; im Rückschluß hieraus ergibt sich die 12th Michigan Infantry)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Ruff, Joseph R.: "Civil War Experiences of a German Emigrant. As Told by the Late Joseph Ruff of Albion." (Michigan History Magazine, vol. XXVII (1943), S. 271-301

 

 

Ruffin, Edmund:

CS-Sezessionist aus Virginia; 5.1.1794-1865; Isle of Wright County, Eigentümer der Coggin's Point Farm, später auf "Marlbourne" im Pamunkey Valley, Va.; Mitglied des Senats von Virginia 1823-1826; Rücktritt 1826 (zu den Gründen s. Ruffin Diary v. 20.1.1863); Bekannter "Eisenfresser" und Southron; Eigentümer einer Plantage nördlich von Richmond; ein alter Kämpfer für den Süden; Mitglied des Congress of North Carolina (Ruffin Diary II 99 Anm. 36) +++ klären, wieso von North C., wo er doch in VA lebte+++; Teilnehmer am Sezessionskongress von South Carolina in Charleston; Ruffin ist einer der Unterzeichner der Sezessionser­klärung Carolinas nach deren Verabschiedung am 20.12.1860 (vgl. Zeichnung der Unterzeichnungszeremonie bei (Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother. The War Begins, a.a.O., S. 29); Ruffin (66 Jahre alt) feuerte den ersten Kanonenschuß auf *Fort Sumter (Milhollen u.a.: Divided we Fought, a.a.O. S. 6; Davis: Brother against Brother, a.a.O., S. 24 f.; McPherson: Für die Freiheit sterben, a.a.O., S. 260,337,655; Craven: Edmund Ruffin, a.a.O., S. 217; a.A. General Beauregard; zitiert in Eisenschiml / Newman: American Iliade, a.a.O., S. 20, Doubleday, Abner: From Moultrie to Sumter, in. B & L Vol. 1 S. 47: es war Bischof Stevens von der Methodist Church in Charleston, der den Schuß abfeuerte).

 

Vater von Col. Thomas J. *Ruffin (26th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (vgl. Gragg: Covered with Glory, a.a.O., S. 30).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Craven, Avery O.: Edmund Ruffin - Southener. A Study in Secession (D. Appleton and Company, 1932; reprint 1991)

- **Ruffin, Edmund: Diary of Edmund Ruffin, Manuscript in the Library of Congress (Tagebuch umfaßt die Zeit von 1855 bis weni­ge Minuten vor seinem Tod 1865; aus Craven: "Edmund Ruffin, a.a.O., S. 261 Anm. 6)

- **Scarborough, William (ed.): The Diary of Edmund Ruffin (3Volumes, Louisiana State Univ.) Covering period from October 1856 through June 1865 - Born in 1794, Ruffin was an ardent secessionist and prominent Virginia agriculturist and writer. He joined the Palmetto Guards in South Carolina and has often been credited with firing the first shot at Fort Sumter from the Stevens Battery at Cummings Point. He committed suicide on 15 June 1865 because he was unwilling to live under the US Government

 

Photo:

- Milhollen u.a.: Divided we Fought, a.a.O. S. 6

 

 

Ruffin, Thomas:

CS-LtCol; 9.9.1820 Louisburg, Franklin County/North Carolina - † 13.10.1863 Alexandria/VA an den Folgen seiner Verwundung im Battle of Bristoe Station (http://www.findagrave.com); beerd. Ruffin Family Cemetery, Louisburg/NC.Civil War Confederate Army Officer, US Congressman. Elected to represent the 2nd District of North Carolina in the United States House of Representatives, serving from 1853 to 1861. He later became a Colonel in the Confederate Army. Wounded and captured at the Battle of Bristoe Sta­tion, he died while a prisoner of war (vgl. www.findagrave.com); Sohn von 'Judge' Ruffin sen. und Verwandter von Edmund *Ruffin (vgl. Scarborough: Diary of Edmund Ruffin, a.a.O., vol. II, S. 166 Anm. 25).

 

Thomas Ruffin, attorney, congressman, and Confederate officer, was born in Greene County not long before his parents, Henry John Gray and Mary (Polly) Tartt Ruffin, moved to their new plantation near Louisburg in Franklin County. After attending a private aca­demy, he received a B.A. degree from The University of North Carolina in 1841 and then studied law under George E. Badger of Ra­leigh before beginning his practice in the new town of Goldsboro. Having decided to try his fortune in the Ozark region of Miss­ouri, Ruffin became circuit attorney for the Seventh Judicial District there and attained considerable recognition in 1844–48 as a fearless upholder of law and order despite the considerable personal risk. In 1846 The University of North Carolina awarded him an M.A. de­gree. On 31 August he became first lieutenant of the Ozark Mountain Guards, First Infantry Regiment, which had been orga­nized for the Santa Fe Expedition and continued to campaign in the southwest, without actually crossing the border, during the course of the Mexican War. Returning to Goldsboro by 1850, Ruffin resumed the practice of law and became active in local Democratic af­fairs. The wealthy and childless Dr. Josiah O. Watson, who had married a sister of Ruffin's mother, thought so highly of him that Wat­son's will of 1852 enriched Ruffin with a large plantation in Johnston County and fifty-one slaves. The uncle's generosity was not mispla­ced, because his admired nephew served as a representative to the U.S. Congress from 4 Mar. 1853 to 3 Mar. 1861 and to the special Peace Congress of 4–27 Feb. 1861. Ruffin resigned shortly after the secession of North Carolina and represented the Second North Carolina District in the Provincial Congress of the Confederate States held at Richmond during the period 18 June–25 July 1861.

 

On 16 May 1861, after declining the rank of colonel of an infantry regiment, Ruffin became captain of Company H, Ninth North Ca­rolina (First Cavalry) Regiment, Confederate States of America. He was actively engaged most of the time until captured on 29 June 1862 at Willis Church, Va., and confined briefly at Fort Warren near Boston before being exchanged at Aiken's Landing on 5 August. In a fierce cavalry charge at the Battle of Gettysburg, he received a serious saber cut on the head but shot and killed the Yan­kee offi­cer who had inflicted it. Ruffin had been elevated to the rank of major on 29 June but was promoted to lieutenant colonel on 23 July, the day after being admitted to the military hospital at Richmond. On 15 October he was "mortally wounded during a suc­cessful char­ge" at Auburn's Mill, near Fairfax Court House, where he fell from his horse and was captured with a minié ball in his forehead. He died unmarried in the Federal Military Hospital at Alexandria. His remains were placed in a private vault at the hospital, and all his personal effects were carefully preserved by some Southern women until they could be returned safely to his family in Franklin County.

 

Thomas *Ruffin jr. war bei der Nachfolge von Col Zebulon *Vance nach dessen Wahl zum Governor von North Carolina im Juli 1862, der Kandidat von BrigGen *Ransom, dem Brigadekommandeur, zu dessen Brigade das 26th North Carolina Infantry Regiment gehörte. Noch bevor Col Vance seinen Posten als Regimentskommandeur der 26th North Carolina verlassen hatte, warnte er die Offi­ziere des Regiments vor dem Plan Ransom's. Denn nach der Rangfolge war LtCol Burgwyn als Nachfolger und Col vom Regiment erwünscht. In Response of the informations, the junior officers had promtly formed a committee and had submitted a slate of recom­mended officers to Ransom – with Burgwyn's name heading the list as colonel. Ransom was adamant: He wanted no „boy colonel“ in his brigade. Burgwyn, informed of this opinion, enlisted his father's powerful political cloud. Henry Senior contacted influential fri­ends in the army, indignantly denoucing the „decided slur“ upon his son, and then headed to Richmond for a personal conference with the Confederate Secretary of War. Meanwhile General Ransom had taken the issue to President Davis. Davis advised General Ransom, that the law protected Burgwyn's promotion. General Vance war gezwungen, nachzugeben und Burgwyn zum Col zu ernen­nen. Hierdurch war das Verhältnis zwischen beiden zerrüttet und auf Vorschlag von Burgwyn, wurde das 26th North Carolina Infan­try Regiment zur Brigade von BrigGen James J. Pettigrew zugeordnet (vgl. Gragg: Covered with Glory, a.a.O., S. 31; vgl. Hess: Lee's Tar Heels, a.a.O., S. 34).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Hill, Daniel H.: "The Battle of South Mountain ..."; in: B & L vol. II, S. 563

- **de Roulhac Hamilton , J. G. (ed.): The Papers of Thomas Ruffin (Raleigh, North Carolina, 1920)

- **Scarborough, William Kaufman (ed.): Diary of Edmund Ruffin, a.a.O., vol. II, S. 166 Anm. 25

 

Ruffin Thomas Jr.:

CS-Col; Co. E, 13th Regiment North Carolina Infantry; Ruffin trat als Captain in das Regiment ein und was bei seinem Ausscheiden LtCol (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 34).

 

Ruffin wurde im Frühjahr 1862 zum Richter am North Carolina Superior Court ernannt. Bereits im Mai 1862 LtCol 13rd North Caro­lina Infantry (vgl. Scarborough: Diary of Edmund Ruffin, a.a.O., vol. II, S. 166 Anm. 25). Ruffin er­krankte bald darauf schwer und war dienstunfähig. Zur Ausheilung hielt er sich im Juni 1862 in North Carolina auf, wo er sich am 3.6.1862 mit Edmund Ruffin traf (vgl. Ruffin Diary, a.a.O., S. 332, 333, 337, 339).

 

Während Lee's Maryland Campaign vom Septem­ber 1862 war Ruffin Regimentskommandeur der 13rd North Carolina Infantry; ver­wundet im Battle of South Mountain am 14. Sep­tember 1862. Die 13rd North Carolina Infantry gehörte während Lee's Maryland Campaign vom September 1862 zur Brigade Samu­el *Garland Division Daniel Harvey Hill Corps Stonewall Jackson Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Die Division Hill bildete die CS-Nachhut und verteidigte die Höhen von South Mountain östlich Sharpsburg und Antietam. (vgl. Hill, The Battle of South Moun­tain, B & L II S. 559 ff; Cox: Forcing Fox's Gap, B & L II S. 583 ff). Am 14.9.1862 griff die US-Brigade *Scammon im Battle of South Mountain bei Fox's Gap Garland's CS-Brigade an (vgl. Cox, a.a.O., S. 586-87). CS-Gen Hill setzte um eine Umgehung von Turner's Gap (South Mountain) über die eine Meile südlich vorbei führende 'Old Natio­nal Road' zu verhindern, Garland's Brigade bei Fox's Gap ein (vgl. Sears, a.a.O., S. 129; Cox: "Forcing Fox's Gap", B & L II S. 586-587 und Abb. a.a.O., S. 572). Garland's Brigade in einer Stärke von ca. 1000 Mann umfaßt folgende Regimenter: 5th, 12th, 13th, 20th und 23rd North Carolina Infantry (vgl. Gliede­rung bei Sears, a.a.O., S. 371; Hill, a.a.O., S. 563). Der Angriff der Division Cox, Brigade *Scammon begann mit einem Vorposten­gefecht mit Skirmishers der 23rd Ohio Infantry unter LtCol R. B. *Hayes gegen 9.oo (vgl. Hill, a.a.O., S. 563), dem sich ein Bajonet­t-Angriff auf die 12th North Carolina Infantry anschloß, die Stellung hinter einer Steinmauer (Abb. bei B & L II S. 572) genommen hatte. Garland's unerfahrene Brigade wurde geworfen. Samuel Garland, der neben Thomas Ruffin an der Linie der 13th North Caroli­na stand, wurde tödlich getroffen, Ruffin wurde verwundet (vgl. Brief Ruffin's an D. H. Hill, abgedruckt in Hill, Battle of South Mountain, B & L II, S. 563-64).

 

 

Ruffin, Thomas:

CS-+++; Enkel von Edmund Ruffin; Co. F, 12th North Carolina Cavalry (vgl. Scarborough: Diary of Edmund Ruffin, a.a.O., vol. II, S. 32, 99, 292, 333, 440, 484, 604, 607). Er war vorübergehend kriegsgefangen und wurde 1864 freigelassen (vgl. Craven: Edmund Ruffin, a.a.O., S. 254).

 

 

Ruffin, Thomas W.:

CS-Captain; Surry Light Artillery of Virginia (vgl. Jones: Under the Stars and Bars: Surry Light Artillery of Virginia, a.a.O., S. 3). Ruffin wird auch als Captain Co. I, 3rd Regiment Virginia Infantry genannt, der Vorgängereinheit der Surry Light Infantry (vgl. Na­tional Park Soldiers M382 Roll 48).

 

Ruffin resignes im November 1862; „it is stated that it is his purpose to enter the cavalry service“ (vgl. Jones: Under the Stars and Bars: Surry Light Artillery of Virginia, a.a.O., S. 56).

 

 

Ruger, Thomas Howard:

US-+++Gen; 1833-1907; aus Janesville / Wisconsin; West Point 1854 (3/46); Engineer; trat 1 Jahr nach seiner Graduierung aus der US-Army aus, anschließend Rechtsanwalt; im April wurde Lt Ruger zum Mitglied im militärischen Stab von Governor Randall in Wisconsin ernannt (vgl. Quiner, E. B.: Military History of Wisconsin, a.a.O., S. 59); im Mai 1861 Offizier der 2nd Wisconsin Infan­try, wo er u.a. für den Drill der Regimentsoffiziere verantwortlich war (vgl. Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O., S. 76 m.w.N.); 29.6.1861 Lt­Col 3rd Wisconsin Infantry ++++ Boatner S. 712).

 

 

Ruggles, Daniel:

CS-BrigGen; 1810-1897; geboren in Massachusetts; West Point 1833 (34/43); Berufsoffizier; er diente an der Frontier und im Mexi­can War; anschließend Indian Scouting; Brevet LtCol US-Army; Ruggles trat am 7.5.1861 aus der US-Army aus und schloß sich der CSA in Virginia an (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 712); aus der Gegend von Mathias Point / VA, Ruggles war von Virginia Governor Let­cher mit der Verteidigung Virginias von Mount Vernon bis zur Mündung des Rappahannock beauftragt mit Hauptquartier in Brooke's Station worden. In dem bürokratischen Durcheinander nach Ausbruch des Bürgerkriegs war Ruggles versehentlich als BrigGen ein­gestellt worden, wurde dann zu dem ihm zuerkannten Dienstgrad als Col. zurückgestuft und wurde dann erneut zum BrigGen beför­dert. Er übernahm das Kommando am 22.4.1861 und wurde am 5.6.1861 im Gesamtkommando am Potomac durch BrigGen Theo­philus H. *Holmes abgelöst, der das Kommando am unteren Potomac erhielt. Ruggles blieb aber im Kommando um Mathias Point (vgl. Tidwell: Confederate Covert Action in the American Civil War, a.a.O., S. 228 Anm. 14). Über Ruggles lief vermutlich die Ver­bindungslinie vom Spionagering um Rose Greenhow in Washington zu Beauregard (Tidwell: Confederate Covert Action in the Ame­rican Civil War, a.a.O., S. 64).

 

9.8.1861 BrigGen; im Oktober 1861 nach New Orleans kommandiert um MajGen Twiggs, der krank war und ausschied, zu untersüt­zen; Ruggles war ebenfalls krank, erholte sich aber und übernahm die 1st Division II. Army Corps (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 712); im Februar 1862 wurden 5000 Mann von New Orleans Truppen unter Ruggles nach Tennessee abkommandiert, um MajGen Albert Sid­ney Johnston's Truppen zu verstärken (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 60). Ruggles wird als alter kranker Mann beschrieben, der von seiner Umgebung verabscheut wurde (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 60); Ruggles kommandierte in Süd-Tennessee 4 Brigaden 2nd Division Army of the Mississippi (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 64). Ruggles traf am 17.2.1862 in Corinth / Mississippi ein und übernahm das Kommando in Nord-Mississippi und Alabama (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 68, 70-71). Im Battle of Shiloh am 6.4.1862 war Ruggles Divisionskommandeur 1st Division BrigGen Daniel Ruggles II. Army Corps MajGen Braxton Bragg in A.S. Johnston's Army of the Mississippi.

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History, Vol. 1: Fort Sumter to Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 310

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Lewis, Meriwether: "The Military Orders of Daniel Ruggles: Department of Fredericksburg, April 22 - June 5, 1861," in: The Virgi­nia Magazine of History and Biography 69 (April 1961): 149-80

- **Ruggles, Daniel: Papers (Perkins Library, Duke University, Durham / North Carolina)

- Tidwell, William A.: Confederate Covert Action in the American Civil War, a.a.O., S. 64 ff

 

 

Ruggles, George David:

US-Offizier, 1833-1904, West Point 1855 (19/34); Infantry, diente an der Frontier, befördert zum 1st Lt 2d US Inf. am 2.5.1861; seit 3.8.1861 Captain und Asst. Adj. Gen. (Boatner, S. 712); nach seiner Zeugenaussage im McDowell Court of Inquiry war Ruggles vom 1.7.1861-28.6.1862 Captain und Asst. Adj. Gen der regulären Armee und in dieser Funktion für die Erfassung aller Volunteer Forces der Armee zuständig (vgl. McDowell Court of Inquiry; OR Ser. 12/1 S. 72), nach Dienst als Stabschef Pope's und Adj. Gen., wurde er Asst. Adj. Gen. der Army of the Potomac (Boatner, S. 712); er diente anschließend mit besonderen Aufgaben im War Department bis 19.3.1863 und danach im Provost Marshal Gen.'s Office bis 16.8.1864. Adj. Gen. der Army of the Potomac vom 1.2. - 30.6.1865. Ruggles blieb nach Kriegsende erneut Offizier der Regular Army, breveted zum BrigGen USA und BrigGen USV am 9.4.1865 für die Dauer des Krieges und retired 1897 als BrigGen USA und Adj. Gen. (Boatner s. 712/13).

 

 

Ruggles, James Monroe:

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Ruggles, James Monroe: Papers (Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield / Illinois)

 

 

Rumpsey, I. P.:

US-Captain; im Frühjahr 1862 war Rumsey aide-de-camp im Stab der 2nd Division BrigGenWilliam Harvey Lamb *Wallace in Grant's Army of the Tennessee; Teilnahme am Battle of Shiloh; Burder von Lt John W. Rumpsey (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 137).

 

 

Rumpsey, John W.:

US-Lt; Bruder von Captain I. P. *Rumpsey: Teilnahme am Battle of Shiloh (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 137).

 

 

Ruse, William Henry:

US-Pvt; 97th Ohio Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Ruse, William Henry: Correspondence, 1863-65. Soldier in the 97th Ohio Regiment. Letters written to Maggie Stewart of Adams­ville, Ohio. Three letters from Nashville, Tennessee, writing of his feelings for her, his dream that the war had ended, and how he misses home. One letter from Point Lookout, Maryland, about how soldiers at Point Lookout are attending religious meetings (Virgi­nia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Col­lections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms89-068).

 

 

Rushin, George W.:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 3rd Regiment Georgia Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 53).

 

S. v. Elizabeth und Joel Rushin (wohlhabender Plantagenbesitzer; 1859 Senator im Georgia Senate) of Buena Vista, Marion County/Georgia; Bruder von Pvt. George W. *Rushin, von Evaline Missouri Lowe Rushin (°° mit Pvt. James M. *Lowe) und von Sergeant Thomas Jefferson Rushin ( Co. K, 12th Regiment Georgia Infantry; 17.9.1862 Antietam) (vgl. Frassanito: Antietam Photo­graphic Legacy, a.a.O., S. 99-104) und von 2ndLt John R. Rushin (Co. H, 46th Regiment Georgia Infantry) (vgl. Frassanito: Antietam Photo­graphic Legacy, a.a.O., S. 102, 104; der allerdings weder Rang noch Truppenteil angibt).

 

† 1.11.1862 in Hospital in Knoxville/Tennessee nach schwerer Verwundung (vgl. Frassanito: Antietam Photo­graphic Legacy, a.a.O., S. 104).

 

 

Rushin, John R.:

CS-2ndLt; Co. H, 46th Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 53).

 

1838 Georgia - † 13.4.1883 Marion County/Georgia; beerd. Buena Vista City Cemetery, Buena Vista, Marion County/Georgia (vgl. www.findagrave.com; Abruf vom 19.6.2016). S. v. Elizabeth und Joel Rushin (wohlhabender Plantagenbesitzer; 1859 Senator im Ge­orgia Senate) of Buena Vista, Marion County/Georgia; Bruder von Pvt. George W. *'Rushin (Co. A, 3rd Regiment Georgia Cavalry, † 1.11.1862 in Hospital in Knoxville/Tennessee nach schwerer Verwundung) (vgl. Frassanito: Antietam Photo­graphic Legacy, a.a.O., S. 99-104), von Evaline Missouri Lowe Rushin (°° mit Pvt. James M. *Lowe) und von Sergeant Thomas Jefferson Rushin ( Co. K, 12th Regiment Georgia Infantry; † gef. 17.9.1862 Antietam) (vgl. Frassanito: Antietam Photo­graphic Legacy, a.a.O., S. 99-104 der aller­dings weder Rang noch Truppenteil angibt). Der familiäre Zusammenhang erschließt sich aus dem Beerdigungsort 'Buena Vista', Ma­rion County/Georgia.

 

 

Rushin, Thomas Jefferson:

CS-Sergeant; Co. K, 12th Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 53).

 

1837 Brownville/New York - † 17.9.1862, gef. im Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam) nahe der Smoketown Road (vgl. Karte bei Frassa­nito: Antietam. Photographic Legacy, a.a.O., S. 92, 103); S. v. Elizabeth und Joel Rushin (wohlhabender Plantagenbesitzer; 1859 Se­nator im Georgia Senate) of Buena Vista, Marion County/Georgia; Bruder von Pvt. George W. *'Rushin (Co. A, 3rd Regi­ment Geor­gia Cavalry) (vgl. Frassanito: Antietam Photo­graphic Legacy, a.a.O., S. 99-104) und von 2ndLt John R. Rushin (Co. H, 46th Re­giment Georgia Infantry) (vgl. Frassanito: Antietam Photo­graphic Legacy, a.a.O., S. 102, 104; der allerdings weder Rang noch Trup­penteil angibt).

 

Thomas Jefferson Rushin enlisted in Co. K, 12th Regiment Georgia Infantry am 15.6.1861 (vgl. Frassanito: Antietam Photo­graphic Legacy, a.a.O., S. 99-104).

 

Photo:

- Frassanito: Antietam Photographic Legacy, a.a.O., S. 99: Thomas Jefferson Rushin, um 1858

 

 

Rusling, James F.:

US-LtCol; zunächst 1stLt, Co. E, 5th Regiment New Jersey Infantry; er trat als Quartermaster in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M50 Roll 20). In der Gettysburg Campaign war LtCol Rusling Mitglied im Stab von MajGen Sickles (vgl. Sauers: Gettysburg. The Meade-Sickles Contro­versy, a.a.O., S. 48).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Rusling, James F.: Men and Things I Saw in the Civil War Days (New York: Eaton & Mains; Cincinnati: Curts & Jennings, 1899)

 

 

Russel, A. A.:

CS-Col, Russel's 7th Alabama Cavalry; Teil von Forrest's Cavalry

 

Photo:

- Wills: Forrest, a.a.O., nach S. 42

 

 

Russel, Charles H.:

US-Captain, 1st Maryland Cavalry; er erhielt am 13.9.1861 von Col *Miles den Auftrag, aus dem während Lee's Maryland Cam­paign belagerten Harper's Ferry auszubrechen (vgl. Sears: Landscape Turned Red, a.a.O., S. 124). Während Lee's Maryland Cam­paign vom September 1862 belagerte Stonewall Jackson Harper's Ferry. Als Jackson die US-Garnison zur Übergabe ihrer unhaltba­ren Position aufforderte, unternahm Benjamin F. "Grimes" *Davis mit Zustimmung seiner Vorgesetzten einen erfolgreichen Aus­bruch, bei dem er die 8th New York Cavalry zusammen mit der 12th Illinois Cavalry, 1st Maryland Cavalry und 1st Rhode Island Ca­valry mit insgesamt 1300 Mann nachts durch die feindlichen Linien führte und auch noch den 97 Wagen umfassenden CS-Muniti­onstrain entführte (vgl. Longacre: Lincoln's Cavalrymen, a.a.O., S. 101-102 m.w.N).

 

 

Russell, David A.:

US-BrigGen; Russel's Brigade war im Battle von Brandy Station am 9.6.1863 zur Verstärkung von Pleasonton's Cavalry Corps einge­setzt (vgl. Starr: The Union Cavalry, a.a.O., vol. I, S. 372; vgl. Longacre: Cavalry at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 62).

 

Russell was born in Salem, New York, the son of David Abel Russell, who was a member of the House of Representatives from 1835 to 1841, and his wife. During his final year in Congress, the senior Russell secured an appointment to the United States Military Aca­demy for his son. The junior Russell graduated near the bottom of his class in 1845. His first assignment was with the U.S. 1st Infan­try Regiment. He transferred to the U.S. 4th Infantry Regiment where he served in Mexico. He was brevetted for gallantry and meri­torious service at the Battle of Paso Ovejas and the Battle of Cerro Gordo. He was promoted to first lieutenant in 1848. After the war, the 4th Infantry was sent to the Pacific Northwest. Russell fought in the Rogue River War and the Yakima War against local Na­tive American tribes. He was promoted to captain in 1854 (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Allen_Russell).

 

In 1861, the 4th Infantry was recalled to the East and placed in the defenses around Washington, D.C. Russell joined the volunteer army and accepted a commission as colonel of the 7th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. Russell then served in the Peninsula Campaign and the Seven Days Battles. He was brevetted lieutenant colonel in the regular army for gallant and merito­rious service. In 1862, Russell was promoted to major in the regular army and assigned to the U.S. 8th Infantry Regiment. Still in command of the 7th Massachusetts, he fought in the Battle of Antietam. Later in 1862, Russell was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers and commanded a brigade during the Rappahannock campaign. He later fought at the Battle of Fredericksburg. Russell was primarily in reserve during the Battle of Gettysburg, but was brevetted colonel in the regular army shortly afterward. In 1864, Russell fought in the Overland Campaign. He was mortally wounded later that year in the Shenandoah Valleyduring the Battle of Opequon, otherwise known as the Third Battle of Winchester, when he was struck by a shell fragment. On May 3, 1867, President Andrew Johnson nominated Russell for the grade of brevet major general in the regular army, to rank from the date of his death in the field, September 19, 1864, and the United States Senate confirmed the appointment on February 14, 1868 (vgl. htt­ps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Allen_Russell).

 

Civil War Union Brigadier General. West Point Class of 1845. Appointed colonel of the 7th Massachusetts Infantry in Jan. 1862 and was engaged in the Peninsula Campaign and at Antietam. Promoted to Brig. Gen. in November he commanded a brigade at Frede­ricksburg. In May of 1863 his troops stormed Marye's Heights in Fredericksburg during the Chancellorsville Campaign lossing hea­vily. At Rappahannock Station in November Russell, temporarily in command of the division, he personally lead a charge on a bridge­head considered so strong that the Confederate commander felt he could hold the position against the entire Union Army. The positi­on was overrun and captured netting four pieces of artillery and eight battle flags which Russell personally took to Washington at Genl. Meade's behest. Russell was given division command and distinguished himself during from the Wilderness to Petersburg in 1864. In July his division was hurriedly sent north to help ward off Early's Raid on Washington and then to pursue the Confederates into the Shenandoah Valley. Russell was killed by a shell fragment that tore through his heart at the Battle of Winchester on Sept. 19, 1864. Today a marker is at the spot where he fell and a Monument to him is in the National Cemetery in Winchester (aus www.fin­dagrave.com).

 

10.10.1820 Salem, Washington County/New York – 19.9.1864 Winchester/VA; gef. im Battle of Winchester (Third) by Shell frag­ment through the heart in battle; beerd. Evergreen Cemetery, Salem, Washington County/New York (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

BrigGen David A. Russell (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Russel, Ira Dr.:

US-Surgeon; 1815-1888; Surgeon 11th Massachusetts Infantry. duty west of the Mississippi, first at St. Louis, and later, in December 1862, at Fayetteville, where he assumed the directorship of the hospitals of the Army of the Frontier following the battle of Prairie Grove (Washington County). Russell's two sons, Fred and Erwin, accompanied him to Arkansas, and Fred acted as a clerk for his fa­ther.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Ira Russell. Papers, 1862-1863; 5 items. Four manuscript letters and a report written by Dr. Ira Russell and his son, Fred Russell. Dr. Ira Russell (1815-1888) was a Union army physician stationed in Fayetteville (Washington County) in late 1862 and early 1863. A New Hampshire native, Russell received his education at Dartmouth and the University of New York, graduating with an M.D. from the latter in 1844. In 1861 Russell was commissioned surgeon of the Eleventh Massachusetts Infantry but was eventually assigned duty west of the Mississippi, first at St. Louis, and later, in December 1862, at Fayetteville, where he assumed the directorship of the hospitals of the Army of the Frontier following the battle of Prairie Grove (Washington County). Russell's two sons, Fred and Erwin, accompanied him to Arkansas, and Fred acted as a clerk for his father. Only one letter is actually from Ira to his wife, Rowena. The other three letters are from Fred. The report, which details the conditions of all military hospitals in Fayetteville, was composed by Ira but handwritten by Fred. The papers contain a wealth of information on the disposition of the wounded following the battle of Prairie Grove and on the social conditions at Fayetteville during the war. William L. Shea edited the papers for publication in the "Arkansas Historical Quarterly" 47 (Winter 1988): 345-361, in an article entitled "The Aftermath of Prairie Grove: Union Letters from Fayetteville." (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Russel, John:

Lord Russel war britischer Außenminister (vgl. Catton: Terrible Swift Sword, a.a.O., S. 4).

 

 

Russel, John L.:

CS-Pvt; Co C, 6th Regiment Arkansas Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Henry, John D.: Papers, 1861-1881; 6 items. The earliest letter in this collection is from Private John L. Russell, Company C, Sixth Arkansas Infantry, dated July 7, 1861, from Pocahontas (Randolph County). Russell was a volunteer, probably from Dallas County, who may have been related to the John D. Henry family, the principal subjects of this collection. The letter describes camp life, food, visitations from civilians, and rumors (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990)

 

 

Russel, Robert M.:

CS-Col; im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh war Russel Brigadekommandeur der 1st Brigade Col Robert M. Russel 1st Divisi­on BrigGen Charles Clark I. Army Corps MajGen Leonidas Polk in A. S. Johnston's Army of the Mississippi. Die Brage bestand aus folgenden Einheiten:

- 11th Louisiana Infantry Col Samuel F. Marks

- 12th Louisiana Infantry

- 13th Tennessee Infantry

- 22nd Tennessee Infantry

- Bankhead's Tennessee Battery

 

Am 6.4.1862 gegen griff die Brigade im Rahmen der Division im nördlichen Teil von Rea Field gegen 53rd Ohio, 57th Ohio und Wa­terhouse Battery an (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 168).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Russel, Robert M. (Col): "Return of the 1st Brigade, R. M. Russel, March 30, 1862"; in: Yerger Papers Mississippi Department Archives and History, Jackson / Miss.

 

 

Russel, W.:

CS-Pvt; Co. I, 6th Regiment Alabama Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 39)

 

 

Russell, William Howard:

Journalist (vgl. Hattaway/Jones, a.a.O., S. 50); stammte aus Irland, zunächst Korrespondent der London Times im Krim-Krieg, Indi­en, Sezessionskrieg, deutsch-französischer Krieg, 1875 Sekretär des Prince of Wales bei dessen Besuch in Indien; Russel war in Charleston während der Beschießung von Fort Sumter im April 1861 (vgl. Chestnut, Diary S. 40).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Crawford, Martin: William Howard Russel's Civil War. Private Diary and Letters, 1861-62 (Athens / Ga., 1992)

- Russell, William H.: My Diary North and South. Edited by Fletcher Pratt. Gloucester, Mass., 1969

 

 

Russel, William M.:

CS-Sergeant; Co. A, 6th Regiment Alabama Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 39)

 

 

Rush, Richard H.:

US-Col; 6th Pennsylvania Cavalry (vgl. Longacre, Lincoln's Cavalrymen, a.a.O., S. 44, 84-85, 101; Starr: Union Cavalry vol I, S. 84, 92, 102, 129, 129, 275). Brigadekommandeur in Alfred *Pleasonton's Cavalry Division Army of the Potomac ab September 1862 während Lee's Maryland Campaign (vgl. Longacre, a.a.O., S. 101).

 

 

Rust, Albert:

CS-BrigGen; Col 3rd Arkansas Infantry; eingesetzt ab September 1861 während der West Virginia Campaign gegen die US-Stellun­gen auf dem Cheat Mountain (Karte bei Freeman: R. E. Lee, vol. 1, S. 549; vgl. Freeman, a.a.O., S. 560; Taylor: Four Years, a.a.O., S. 22). In Loring's Army of the Northwest Teilnahme an Jackson's Angriff auf Bath und Romney im Januar 1862: Rust versuchte ver­gebens am 4.1.1862 nach Weisung Jackson's die Eisenbahnbrücke der B & O Railroad über den Big Cacapon River zu zerstören, was am feindlichen Widerstand zunächst scheiterte aber am nächsten Tag erfolgte (vgl. OR 5: 391, 392; Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 72; Karte bei Davis Nr. 82.3 sowie bei Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 70).

 

Anfang November 1862 war Rust Brigadekommandeur in Nord-Mississippi, seine Brigade war am 8.11.1862 am Coldwater River gegen Grant's Vorstoß nach Süden gegen Holly Springs eingesetzt (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, a.a.O., Vol. I, S. 51).

 

 

Rust, Henry:

US-Col, 13th Maine Infantry; nach dem Fall von New Orleans war Rust mit seinem Regiment stationiert auf der strategisch wichti­gen *Ship Island.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Weaver, C. P. (ed.): Thank God my Regiment is an African One: The Civil War Diary of Colonel Nathan W. Daniels (Louisiana State University Press, 1998; Taschenbuchausgabe 2000); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik131, S. 26-27, 28, 29, 47, 48 n. 40, 159

 

 

Rutherford, F. S.:

US-Col; Regimentskommandeur 97th Illinois Infantry, 10th Division Andrew J. Smith, XIII. Army Corps McClernand während Grant's Campaign gegen Vicksburg 1863 (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, vol. II, S. 402). Battle of Port Gibson am 1.5.1863 (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, a.a.O., vol. II, S. 402).

 

 

Rutledge, A. M.:

CS-Captain; Batteriechef von Rutledge's Tennessee Artillery

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History, Vol. 1: Fort Sumter to Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 304

 

 

Ruyle, William A.:

CS-+++; Teilnahme an der Pea Ridge Campaign (vgl. Shea / Hess, Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 351 Anm. 5).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Ruyle, William A.: Memoir, University of Missouri, Rolla, Western Historical Manuscript Collection

 

 

Ryder, John E.:

US-Pvt; Co. C, 24th Regiment Michigan Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M545 Roll 36; vgl. Sears: Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 17).

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- Michigan Historical Collections, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan: John E. Ryder Letters

 

 

Ryder, Oscar:

US-Sergeant, 7th New York State Militia

 

Photo:

- Milhollen / Kaplan: Divided We Fought, a.a.O., S. 7

 

 

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