Version 6.4.2017

 

Litera R (Ra-Ri)

 

Radford, R. C. W.:

CS-Col, 30th Virginia Cavalry, die unter Jubal *Early in der zeiten Mai-Hälfte in *Lynchburg / VA aufgestellt wurde (vgl. Early: War Memoirs, a.a.O., S. 2); das Regiment wurde bald in 2nd Virginia Cavalry umbenannt (vgl. Early: War Memoirs, a.a.O., S. 2; Black­ford: Letters from Lee's Army, a.a.O., 2, 18). Bereits im Juni 1861 führte Radford die Kavallerie von Beauregards Corps, bestehend aus den neun Kompanien der 30th Virginia Infantry und mehreren 'unattached' Kompanien (vgl. Early, a.a.O., S. 4). Nach der Schlacht von First Bull Run am 21.7.1861 kam es zu einer Verfolgung der flüchtenden US-Truppen durch die CS-Cavalry, wobei Jeb Stuart's 1st Virginia Cavalry auf dem linken CS-Flügel vorging, während auf dem rechten CS-Flügeldie 30th Virginia Cavalry unrer Col. R. C. W. *Radford und LtCol Thomas T. *Munford mehrere flüchtende US-Infantrie Regimenter überholte und u.a. Col Michael *Corcoran von der 69th New York Infantry gefangen genommen wurde (vgl. Longacre: Lincoln's Cavalrymen, a.a.O., S. 25-27).

 

 

Raffen, Alexander:

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Raffen, Alexander: Papers (Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield / Illinois)

 

 

Ragsdale, Daniel H.:

CS-Major; 1861 Captain, Co. D 5th Texas Mounted Rifles (vgl. Alberts: The Battle of Glorieta, a.a.O., S. 49, 78; aA Williams, a.a.O., S. 80, der angibt, es habe sich um die 1st Texas Cavalry gehandelt). Ragsdale besaß eine große Farm am Frio River, ca. 60 Meilen von San Antonio entfernt (vgl. Williams, E. W. (ed.): With the Border Ruffians. Memories of the Far West, 1852-1868 by R. H. Wil­liams (New York: E. P. Dutton and Co., 1907); Bibliothek Ref Internet-Datei, MilAmerik125, S. 79-80). Bei seinem Eintritt in die CS-Army verkaufte Ragsdale seine Farm an R. H. Williams (vgl. Williams, a.a.O., S. 82). Ragsdale ist 1863 in Louisiana gefallen (vgl. Williams, a.a.O., S. 80).

 

 

Raines, John M.:

US-Captain, Co. c. 2nd Tennessee Cavalry Regiment (US); Bruder von Pvt. Thomas „Thadde“ *Raines, Co.E., 5th Tennessee Infantry Regiment.

 

Photo:

Brothers Captain John M. Raines of Co. C, 2nd Tennessee Cavalry Regiment, and Private Thomas ("Thadde") Raines of Co. E, 5th Tennessee Infantry Regiment,  Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C

 

 

Rainey, Alexis Theodore „A.T.“:

CS-Col; 1st Texas Infantry Regiment; 1822 - † 17.5.1891

 

The 1860 census listed Rainey and his family living in Palestine, Texas where he worked as a lawyer. In 1859 Rainey was elected to a seat in the Texas senate as a Democrat and represented the Twelfth Texas District through the regular session. He resigned in Fe­bruary 1860. Anderson County selected him to be one of three delegates to the Secession convention held in Austin where he voted to secede from the United States (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com).

 

After the outbreak of the Civil War, Rainey organized the Anderson county Invincibles at Palestine on May 11, 1861. They were soon absorbed in to the First Texas Infantry, Company H, and Rainey was made major. He was promoted to lieutenant colonial on Novem­ber 12, 1861, and then made colonel on January 2, 1862. In the battle at Gaines' Mill June 27, 1862, he was wounded and went home to Texas. Although he was unable to return to active military engagements, he was assigned to staff duty in Houston by Gen. John Bankhead Magruder. He was dropped from the rolls of the First Texas Infantry early in 1864 when he was succeeded by Frederick S. Bass (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com).


Alexis Rainey resumed his law practice and farmed in Anderson County after the war. He remained active in public life; he was a presidential elector for Horace Greeley in the 1872 election. Rainey died in Elkhart, Texas on May 17, 1891 (vgl. http://www. fin­dagrave.com).

 

°° mit Ann Elizabeth Quarles Rainey (1835 - 1903) (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Rains, Gabriel James:

CS-BrigGen; 1803-1881; aus North Carolina; West Point 1827 (13/38); US-Berufsoffizier; er trat als LtCol am 31.7.1861 aus der US-Army aus; BrigGen CSA 23.9.1861; Brigadekommandeur unter D. H. Hill während der Peninsular Campaign 1862 (vgl. Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 676); er befehligte die unmittelbare Verteidigung von *Yorktown und *Gloucester Point im April und Mai 1862 (vgl. Early, War Memoirs, a.a.O., S. 61, 62; Early gibt allerdings den Namen mit 'Raines' an).

 

Sohn von Gabriel Manigault Rains und Hester Ambrose (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 25.5.2016); Bruder von BrigGen Ga­briel James *Rains (vgl. Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 677).

 

Photo:

- Warner: Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 249

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Boatner: a.a.O., S. 676

- Early, Jubal: War Memoirs, a.a.O., S. 61

- Warner: Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 249-50

 

 

Rains, George Washington:

CS-Col; 1817 New Bern/NC - † 21.5.1898 Newburgh/NY (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 25.5.2016); USMA 1842 (3/56); Engrs-Arty; he taught at West Point, fought in the Mexican War (2 brevets), and was Pillow's A.D.C. Before serving in the Seminole War. Resigning in 1856, he was president of an iron works and was commissioned Maj CS Artillery 10.7.1861. Assigned to the Ord­nance Bureau, he was promoted LtCol 22.5.1862 and Col 12.7.1863 (vgl. Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 676-677).

 

His special mission was to find gunpowder for the Confederacy and he started manufacturing it in Augusta/Ga (vgl. Boatner: Dictio­nary, a.a.O., S. 676-677; vgl. Connelly: Army of the Heartland, a.a.O., S. 5). Put in charge of all munitions operations in Augusta 7.8.1862, he was its commanding officer until the fall of 1864, when additional troops, and their commanding general , were sent against Sherman (vgl. Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 677).

 

After the war he taught chemistry, and was dean of the Medical College of Georgia. He wrote on chemistry and steam engines and was author of 'History of the Confederate Powder Works' (1882) (vgl. Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 677).

 

Sohn von Gabriel Manigault Rains und Hester Ambrose (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 25.5.2016); Bruder von BrigGen Ga­briel James *Rains (vgl. Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 677). °° mit Frances Josephine Ransdell Rains (1838-1919) (vgl. www.fin­dagrave.com, Abruf vom 25.5.2016)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **McIver, George: "North Carolinians at West Point before the Civil War," North Carolina Historical Review 7 (1930).

 

 

Rains, James Edward:

CS-BrigGen (Mo-State Guard); 1833-62; aus Tennessee; Studium in Yale, nach seiner Graduierung Rechtsanwalt, Editor und Public Officeholder in Tennessee; am 10.5.1861 Col 11th Tennessee Infantry; er war hauptsächlich in Ost-Tennessee eingesetzt; im Winter 1861/62 an der Cumberland Gap; BrigGen 4.11.1862; Brigadekommandeur unter C. L. Stevenson in Tennessee; während der Invasi­on der US-Truppen von Kirby Smith in Kentucky; gefallen in der Schlacht von Stones River am 31.12.1862 (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 677).

 

 

Rains, James Spencer:

CS-BrigGen; 2.10.1817-19.5.1880; geboren in Tennessee als Sohn von Asahel und Malvina Duncan Rains im Warren County; sein Onkel war der spätere Ohio-Kongreßabgeordnete Alexander Duncan aus Missouri; 1840 zog Rains nach Südwest-Missouri in die Ge­gend um Sarcoxie, anschließend Farmer im Newton County und Jasper County; Newton County Judge von 1840-42; 1844 als Ab­geordneter des Newton County in das Missouri-Parlament gewählt; 1845 von Präsident Polk zum Indianer-Agenten der Neosho Agency und 1848 der Osage Agency in Kansas ernannt; 1850 ging Rains nach California, zum General der State Militia ernannt wur­de. Nach seiner Rückkehr nach Missouri schloß sich Rains, zunächst demokratischer Politiker, den 'Know-Nothing' an (vgl. Allardi­ce, More Generals in Grey, a.a.O., S. 190), um die Einfluß der ihm verhaßten Deutschen in St. Louis zu bekämpfen (vgl. Moneghan: Civil War on the Western Border, a.a.O., S. 150, der allerdings fehlerhaft James Edward *Rains benennt); State Senator von Missouri von 1854-61; 1860 kandidierte Rains erfolglos für die 'Union' (American) Party bei den Wahlen für den US-Congress im Bezirk Süd­west-Missouri (vgl. Allardice, a.a.O., S. 190); 18.5.1861 durch Governor Claiborne *Jackson zum BrigGen der Missouri State Guard er­nannt und Kommandeur der 8th Division State Guard; im Juni 1861 eingesetzt in Lexington, Mo. gegen *Lyon (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 91); am 28.6.1861 befand sich Rains mit seiner Truppe in Südwest-Missouri bei Lamar, hinter dem nach Sü­den aus­weichenden Claiborne Jackson (vgl. Brooksher, a.a.O., S. 108). Battle of Carthage 5.7.1861 (vgl. Rains' Report: OR 3, 20-22; Brooksher, a.a.O., S. 120); Teilnahme an den Schlachten von Wilson's Creek, Lexington und Pea Ridge, wo er verwundet wurde. +++Allardice

 

Photo:

- Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 190

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 190-191

- Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 112, 146, 166, 228; führt die Advance Guard S. 150; Battle of Carthage S. 120, 122, 124; Battle of Dug Springs S. 153-57; Battle of Wilson's Creek S. 180, 182; in Südwest-Missouri S. 91, 108, 111, 113

- Moneghan: Civil War on the Western Border, a.a.O., S. 150, (der allerdings fehlerhaft James Edward *Rains benennt), 152, 153, 162; Battle von Wilson's Creek S. 165, 171,; Battle von Lexington S. 190, 193; gewählt in den CS-Senate S. 204

 

 

Raisin, William I.:

CS-Captain; Co. E, 1st Maryland Cavalry Battalion

 

Während der vom Col Schall befehligten US-Aufklärung vom 12.6.1863 südlich von Winchester/VA mit 5 Kompanien des 87th Re­giment Pennsylvania Infantry, a battalion of the 13rd Pennsylvania Cavalry und 2 guns of Battery L, Fifth US Artillery, mit einer Ge­samtstärke von 700 Mann (vgl. Nye: Here come the Rebels, a.a.O., S. 74), stieß die US-Aufklärung auf Captain Raisin's Co. E die zusammen mit einer Infantry Company on outpost duty bei Middleton/Shenandoah stand (vgl. Nye: Here come the Rebels, a.a.O., S. 75). Beide CS-Kompanien wurden in einen Hinterhalt gelockt; dabei wurde Raisin verwundet und geriet in Kriegsgefangenschaft (vgl. Nye: Here come the Rebels, a.a.O., S. 77; vgl. Valuska/Keller: Damn Dutch, a.a.O., S. 48; vgl. OR ser. I, vol. 27, pt. 2, S. 42, 53, 163).

 

 

Raith, Julius:

US-Col; † 11.4.1862; in der Shiloh-Campaign 1862 Col und Regimentskommandeur 43rd Illinois Infantry 3rd Brigade 1st Division MajGen John A McClernand in Grant's Army of the Tennessee; Teilnahme am Mexikokrieg; Geschäftsführer einer Getreidemühle; er hatte nur geringe militärische Erfahrung, Am 6.4.1862 war Raith Brigadekommandeur der 3rd Brigade 1st Division MajGen John A McClernand in Grant's Army of the Tennessee. Der reguläre Brigadekommandeur Col Leonard F. Ross hatte gerade seine Frau verlo­ren und befand sich wegen der Beerdigung in Illinois; der Interimskommandeur Col J. S. Reardon war am 6.4.1862 plötzlich er­krankt, weshalb die Führung der Brigade an Col Raith als rangältestem Col fiel (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 177). Raith wurde gegen 11:00 bei der Fortsetzung des CS-Angriffs bei Crossroads schwer verwundet und starb am 11.4.1862 (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 183). Die Brigade Raith bestand aus folgenden Einheiten:

- 17th Illinois Infantry LtCol Enos P. Wood

- 29th Illinois Infantry LtCol Charles M. Ferrell

- 43rd Illinois Infantry LtCol Adolph *Englemann

- 49th Illinois Infantry LtCol Phineas Pease

 

 

Ralston, James A.:

US-Sergeant; zunächst Corporal und dann Sergeant Co. E, 61st Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 87); später Co. B, 82nd Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 87).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Ralston, James A.: „Where the 61st Ohio Began its Career“; National Tribune 15.5.1884

 

 

Ramsdell, Henry P.:

US-1stLt; Co. C, 124th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 114; vgl. Gottfried: Brigades of Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 198).

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Ramsdell, Henry P.: „Account,“ Brake Collection; US Army Military History Institute

 

 

Ramseur, Stephen Dodson:

CS-MajGen; 1837-64; West Point 1860 (14/41); US-Berufsoffizier, 2nd Lt; er tat aus der US-Army am 8.4.1861 aus und als 1st Lt der CSA-Artillery bei; krut darauf zum Captain und Batteriechef befördert; Im Frühling 1862 diente er unter *Magruder bei *Yorktown und wurde zum Major befördert. April 1862 Col 29th North Carolina Infantry (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 677). ++++

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Gallagher, Gary W.: Stephen Dodson Ramseur - Lee's Gallant General (Univ North Carolina)

- **Ramseur, Stephen Dodson: Papers; Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC

 

 

Ramsey, James N.:

CS-Col; 1st Georgia Infantry

 

Im Sommer 1861 gehörte das Regiment unter Col James N. Ramsey zu Robert S. *Garnett‘s Brigade in West Virginia; Teilnahme am Battle of Rich Mountain and Laurel Hill am 11.7.1861.

 

 

Ramsey, John:

US-Col; 8th New Jersey Infantry.

 

Im Sommer 1863 war Col Ramsey Regimentskommandeur der 6th New Jersey Infantry. Das Regiment gehörte im Sommer 1863 zur 3rd Brigade Col George C. Burling 2nd Division BrigGen Andrew A. Humphreys III Army Corps David E. Birney; Teilnahme am Battle von Gettysburg; die Regimenter von Burling's Brigade wurden an verschiedenen Stellen der Front, außerhalb des Brigadever­bandes als Verstärkung eingesetzt (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 242).

 

 

Ramsey, John Andrew:

CS-+++; aus North Carolina

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 61 mit Anm. 33

- **Ramsey, John Andrew: Ramsey Papers (Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina)

 

 

Ramsey, Robert H.:

US-Captain; 1863 war Ramsey 2nd Lieutenant 45th Pennsylvania Militia; er wurde auf Veranlassung von Lincoln mit Wirkung vom 5.12.1863 zum Captain befördert und wurde AAG bei BrigGen William D. *Whipple (vgl. Basler: Collected Works of Lincoln, vol. VII, a.a.O., S. 3: Aktennotiz Lincoln's an Kriegsminister *Stanton vom 6.11.1863)

 

 

Rand, Oscar R.:

15.2.1833 Wake County/NC - † 29.1.1904 Johnston County/NC (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com) CS-Captain; Co. D, 26th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 32)

 

Rand war im Battle of New Bern (14.3.1862 Peninsula Campaign) in Kriegsgefangenschaft geraten, wurde aber noch 1862 ausge­tauscht (vgl. Gragg: Covered with Glory, a.a.O., S. 34).

 

Oscar Ripley Rand was born 1833 on the Rand Plantation in St. Mary's (Garner), near Swift Creek in Wake County, NC, the 6th of 11 known surviving children (5 boys/6 girls) born to wealthy planter Nathaniel Greene Rand and his (1st) wife, Pherabe Parker Mial. Oscar was about 10 years old when his mother died in 1843, and within two years, his father married (2nd) to Nancy Hinton Jewell who became his stepmother and gave birth to 6 more children. He was the paternal grandchild of Walter Rand Sr. and Mary Ann Par­ker of Isle of Wight, VA, who inherited the Rand Plantation in Wake County from his brother, John Rand (1750-1781), a prominent attorney and statesman in the county prior to and during the Revolutionary War. He was great-grandson of William Rand, Sr. of Eng­land and his (2nd) wife, Sophia Almand, a noted builder and architect in Colonial Virginia, who erected buildings in Williamsburg and Smithfield, VA that still survive today. He was the maternal grandson of wealthy Wake County planter, Thomas Mial Sr. and Pherabe Parker. Oscar was educated at UNC, and like many in his family before him, became an attorney; although like most in his family, his interests and financial gains came from the land. He was 21 years old when he married in June 1854 to Sarah M. Hart of Alabama, who was also 21. His wife was the daughter of W. D. (William?) Hart and Sarah Fort of Franklin County, Al, who both died sometime before 1850. Sarah and her older brother then came to North Carolina where she resided in Panther Branch, Wake County, with their eldest sister Charlotte (Mrs. Simon S. Turner). The couple resided in Panther Branch were they became parents to 7 known children: Oscar Ripley II (1855-1931), Sarah Jane Hart (1857-1942), Walter (1860-1930), John (1865-1897), Pherebee Mial (c. 1866-1942), Charlotte Ann (1869-1928), and Nathaniel Green (1872-1965) (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com).


When Civil War broke out, the 28-year old father of 3 enlisted as a private on May 29, 1861 with the NC 26th, Co. D., and almost immediately was promoted to Captain. Oscar was known to have recruited others in the County to join the 26th, led by future Gover­nor Zebulon Baird Vance. He saw action at the Battle of New Bern in 1862, which was the baptism of fire for the 26th North Caroli­na. Capt Rand was captured in New Bern on March 3, 1862, taken as a POW and imprisoned at Fort Columbus, NY. He was later re­leased in an exchange of prisoners. Later, in July 1863, at the battle of Gettysburg during the assault known as "Pickett's Charge", the 26th sustained the largest numerical losses of any unit, North or South, during the entire course of the war. In all, the regiment lost 588 of it's 800 men, including 13 of the 14 commanding officers. By war's end, only 81 men of the NC 26th remained alive to tell its story (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com).


When Oscar Rand got home after the war, he found that his house had been burned by the Yankees, who had slaughtered all off his cattle and hogs, and stolen his horses and mules. The couple remained for a time, but then Oscar took the family to Johnston County where he bought 3,000 acres on the Neuse River near Smithfield, at a dollar an acre. This move began the Johnston County branch of the Rand family. It took the family years to pay off the farm and recoup their finances, but it seems Oscar never did forgive the Yan­kees. According to an article on the Rand family appearing in the Raleigh NEWS & OBSERVER in 1955, they stated, ""Oscar Rand was a lawyer and sometime after the war, he was offered a job in Washington at a good salary. He hated Yankees so bad, however, that he refused the job" (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com).


Son of Nathaniel Greene Rand (1796-1883) und Pherabee Parker Mial Rand (1801 – 1843); °° mit Sarah M. Hart Rand (1833 – 1901). Oscar Ripley Rand was widowed in 1901 when his wife of 47 years passed at about age 68. He survived 3 years, passing in 1904, a few weeks shy of his 71st birthday. He, his wife, and 3 of his sons (Oscar Jr, Walter, and John) are buried here. 
Two of his sons, Oscar Jr. and Walter Rand, married and had children. Son, John Rand, never married and died tragically at age 32 in a sawmill accident at Holt Lake in June 1897. A board being trimmed from a log fell atop the large circular blade, propelling the board into John's abdomen. The accident happened on a Saturday and he died the following Monday. Oscar's youngest son, Nathaniel G. Rand, married and lived in the Smithfield area all his life, but never had children. He is buried in the Rand Family cemetery in Wake County. Daughter Charlotte died in 1923; and daughters Sarah Jane Hart Rand and Pherabe Mial Rand both died in 1942 (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Gragg: Covered with Glory, a.a.O., S. 34

- Hess: Lee's Tar Heels, a.a.O., S. 13

 

 

Randall, Alexander W.:

Gouverneur von Wisconsin 1857 (vgl. Schurz, Reminiscenses, a.a.O., vol. 2, S. 82); Wiederwahl im November 1859, die zweite Amtsperiode begann im Januar 1860 (vgl. Quiner: The Military History of Wisconsin, a.a.O., S. 34); Governor bei Kriegsausbruch 1861 (vgl. Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O., S. 21; Catton: Terrible Swift Sword, a.a.O., S. 8).

 

 

Randall, Francis V.:

US-Col; 13th Vermont Infantry; Battle of Gettysburg: 2. Tag Rückeroberung der 5th US Battery aus Sickles zerschlagenem Army Corps im mittleren Frontbereich bei Codori House während des Angriffs der CS-Brigade Wright (vgl. hierzu Coffin: Nine Month to Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 200 ff.; Karte bei Symonds: Gettysburg. A Battlefield Atlas", a.a.O., S. 56). Für die Rückeroberung erhielt Capt. John Lonergan 13th Vermont Infantry die Medal of Honor (vgl. Beyer / Keydel [eds.]: Deeds of Valor, a.a.O., S. 226-228).

 

 

Randall, James Ryder:

CS-Dichter von „Maryland, My Maryland“ (1861), dem Schlachtruf von Antietam. Randall war Englisch-Professor am Poydras Col­lege in Louisiana. Das Kampfgedicht ist inspiriert von den pro-konföderierten Aufständen in Baltimore und deren blutiger Nieder­schlagung durch das 6th Massachusetts am 19.4.1861. Das vertonte Gedicht wurde von den CS-Regiments-Kapellen gespielt, als Lee’s Truppen beim Maryland-Feldzug den Potomac überquerten.

 

Photo:

- Cannan S. 17

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Cannan, a.a.O., S. 28-30 (mit Text)

 

 

Randolph, George E.:

US-Captain; Co. ACE, 1st Regiment Rhode Island Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M555 Roll 6).

 

Randolph kommandierte im Battle von Gettysburg die Artillery Brigade des III. Army Corps Daniel E. Sickles (vgl. Pfanz: Gettys­burg: The Se­cond Day, a.a.O., S. 125, 449; vgl. Sauers: Gettysburg. The Meade-Sickles Controversy, a.a.O., S. 32).

 

Photo:

- Captain, George E. Randolph (MOLLUS-Mass/USAMHI, Carlisle Barracks, Pa., abgedruckt by Pfanz: Gettysburg 2nd Day, a.a.O., S. 126)

 

 

Randolph, George Wythe:

CS-BrigGen; Secretary of War; 1818-67; Virginia; sein Vater war zeitweise Virginia-Govenor; Studium in Cambridge/Mass.; dann für 6 Jahre Midshipsman der US-Navy; danach 'attending' University of Virginia; Rechtsanwalt; Mitglied der Virginia State Assemb­ly; Or­ganisator des Richmond Howitzer Battalion, einer Militia, nach John *Brown's Raid. 1861 Kommandeur der CS-Howitzers auf der Peninsula. Randolph, als Colonel und Magruder's Chief of Artillery, zeichnete sich im Gefecht von *Big Bethel am 10.6.1861 als Kommandeur des CS-Artillery-Battalion aus und wurde am 12.2.1862 zum BrigGen befördert; Randolph war in dieser Funktion ver­antwortlich für den Artillerie-Einsatz der Verteidigungslinie vor Yorktown, die sich sich quer über die Peninsula bis zur Mündung des Warwick River erstreckte (vgl. Dowdey, Seven Days, a.a.O., S. 42 mit Karte S. 44).

 

George W. Randolph löst Judah P. Benjamin als Kriegsminister ab (18.3.1862). Präsident Davis nahm den Rücktritt von Kriegs­minister George W. Randolph am 15.11.1862 an, der erneut ein Frontkommando übernehmen wollte; sein Nachfolger wurde James A. Seddon (21.11.1862). Aus gesundheitlichen Gründen mußte Randolph am 18.12.1864 aus dem Dienst ausscheiden; er ging um seine Tuberkulose-Erkrankung auszuheilen nach Frankreich. Nach Kriegsende Rückkehr nach Virginia wo er 1867 starb.

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- Edgehill-Randolph Papers: Alderman Library, University of Virginia, Charlottesville/VA. About one hundred letters mostly from Randolph to his niece, Mary B. Randolph, during the 1851 to 1861 period.

- Hill, Daniel Harvey: Papers. Virginia State Library, Richmond, VA, darin 3 Briefe von CS-Secretary of War Randolph an Hill in 1862

- Kean Collection: Property of Dr. Robert H. Kean of Richmond, VA. Darin: A few letters from CS-Secretary of State, Randolph and Mrs. Randolph to Randolph's nephew by marriage, Captain R. G. H. *Kean of Lynchburg, VA, mostly in the post-war period; a ma­nuscript sketch of about 3.000 words concerning Randolph's career as brigadier general and stopping just after he became Secretary of War, which was presumably written by R. G. H. Kean; a few notes on Randolph's early life, presumably by Mrs. Randolph; and a draft amnesty petition for Randolph, probably by Kean (vgl. Jones: Confederate Strategy from Shiloh to Vicksburg, a.a.O., S. 241-42)

- Randolph, George Wythe: Papers. Confederate Museum, Richmond/VA; several letters from Randolph to. J. Thompson Brown in 1862 and early 1863

 

 

Randolph, Julius W.:

US-Captain, 2nd Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O., S. 58 f.).

 

 

Randolph, Wallace F.:

US-Lt; Batteriechef Battery L, Fifth US Artillery; Teilnahme am Battle of Winchester am 13.6.1863 (vgl. Nye: Here come the Re­bels, a.a.O., S. 82).

 

 

Rankin, A.:

CS-++; Lee's Company, North Carolina Local Defense (Silver Greys) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 32).

 

Rankin, Alexander N.:

CS-Pvt, Co. H, 37th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (Allen's) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 32)

 

 

Rankin, Alexander V.:

CS-Pvt, Co. K, 64th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 32)

 

 

Rankin, Alfred F.:

CS-Pvt, Co. E, 45th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 32).

 

 

Rankin, Blair Leroy:

CS-Corporal, Co. M, 16th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 32)

 

 

Rankin, Cephas L:

CS-Corporal, Co. H, 37th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 32)

 

 

Rankin, Charles S.:

CS-Pvt, Co. H, 35th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 32)

 

 

Rankin, Nathaniel P.:

aus Lenoir/NC (err.; vgl. Bragg: covered with Glory, a.a.O., S. 9); CS-Major, Co. F, 26th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (vgl. Na­tional Park Soldiers M230 Roll 32); Rankin trat als Captain in das 26th North Carolina Infantry Regiment, Co. F ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 32). Er wurde im Mai 1862 zum Major des Regiments gewählt als Nachfolger des im Battle of New Berne am 13.3.1863 gefallenen Majors Abner B. *Carmichael (vgl. Hess: Lee's Tar Heels, a.a.O. S. 17).

 

Rankin war 1861 zunächst Instructor from a local military school (vgl. Bragg: covered with Glory, a.a.O., S. 9).

 

1.10.1828 Guilford County/NC - † 4.2.1913 Franklin, Macon County/NC; Sohn Robert C. Rankin und Margaret A. Patterson Rankin; °° mit Jane Benitha Wharton Rankin (1833 – 1897); Vater von:  Ella F. Rankin Siler (1857 – 1943), Douglas W. Rankin (1859 – 1913),  Ernest Clifton Rankin (1864 – 1961) und Lillie Mae Rankin (1868 – 1964) (http://www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Ransom, Dunbar R.:

† gef. 30.8.1862 im Battle of Second Bull Run (vgl. US-Captain, während der Operationen von General Pope von 1862 vom 16.8.-2.9.1862 war Ransom der Artillerie-Kommandant von Reynold's Division, umfassend Battery A, B und G, 1st Pennsylvania Light Artillery (vgl. OR 12, S. 256). Teilnahme am Battle of Groveton am 27.8.1862 (vgl. Reynold's Report, OR 12, S. 394) und 2nd Ma­nassas; Ransom's Battery bestand aus leichten 12-Pounders (vgl. Meade's Report OR12, S. 398).

 

 

Ransom, John L:

US-First Sergeant; Co. A, 9th Regiment Michigan Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M545 Roll 34).

 

Ransom geriet in Kriegsgefangenschaft und war im berüchtigten Anderson Prison inhaftiert.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Ransom, John: John Ransom's Andersonville Diary (New York, 1963)

 

 

Ransom, Matt Whitaker:

CS-BrigGen; 8.10.1826 - † 8.10.1904 Jackson, NC; Matt Ransom was born in Warren County, North Carolina to Robert and Priscil­la Whitaker Ransom. He was the elder brother of General Robert Ransom and a cousin to fellow Confederate officer Wharton J. Green, who served as a U. S. Congressman after the Civil War. He graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1847. After serving as North Carolina Attorney General and as a member of the North Carolina General Assembly, he was chosen as one of the three commissioners from North Carolina to the Confederate government at Montgomery, Alabama in 1861 (vgl. https://en.wikipe­dia.org/wiki/Matt_Whitaker_Ransom).

 

Ransom was commissioned lieutenant colonel of the 1st North Carolina Infantry and later Colonel of the 35th North Carolina Infan­try. This regiment was part of his brother Robert's brigade, which Matt later commanded. Ransom was promoted to Brigadier Gene­ral­ June 13, 1863. Ransom saw action in the battles of Seven Pines, the Seven Days Battles, Antietam, Fredericksburg,Plymouth, Weldon, Suffolk and the siege of Petersburg. He was wounded three times during the Civil War and finally surrendered at Appo­mattox (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matt_Whitaker_Ransom).

 

After the war, Ransom moved to Weldon, North Carolina, in 1866 where he was a planter and lawyer. In 1872, he was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy in the term commencing March 4, 1871. Ransom was re-elected in 1876, 1883, and 1889 and served from January 30, 1872, to March 4, 1895. Ransom served briefly as President Pro tempore of the Senate during the 53rd Congress. He was later appointed United States Minister to Mexico and served from 1895-1897 (vgl. https://en. wiki­pedia.org/wiki/Matt_Whitaker_Ransom).

 

Following his term as ambassador, Ransom retired to his estate, "Verona" and engaged in agricultural pursuits. He died near Garys­burg, North Carolina, on his 78th birthday, October 8, 1904. Ransom was buried on his estate, near Jackson, North Carolina. Verona was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975 (vgl. https://en. wikipedia.org/wiki/ Matt_Whitaker_ Ransom) (vgl. htt­ps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matt_Whitaker_Ransom).

 

Photo:

Matt W. Ransom (Photo Mathew Brady, Library of Congress)

 

Literatur;

- **Marlow, Clayton C.: Matt W. Ransom, Confederate General from North Carolina; 198pp, Maps, Notes, Bibliography, Index

 

 

Ransom, Randolph W.:

† gef. 29.8.1862 im Battle of Second Manassas (vgl. Captain Elliott's Report OR XII Part II, S. 476); US-Captain; 16th Michigan In­fantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M545 Roll 34);

 

 

Ransom, Robert, Jr.:

CS-MajGen; 1828-1892; West Point 1850 (18/44); Berufsoffizier (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 679); zunächst 2nd Lt der 1st US-Drago­ons, dann 1st Lt und Captain der US-1st Cavalry (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., 2: 327); eingesetzt an der Frontier, in den Indianerkämpfen, dann Taktiklehrer für Cavalry-Tactic in West Point; eingesetzt während der Border-Disturbances in Kansas (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 679); schied freiwillig am 24.5.1861 als Captain aus der US-Army aus und schloß sich der CSA an; ab Oktober 1861 Col 1st North Carolina Cavalry (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 679).

 

Ab März 1862 Brigadekommandeur der neu aufgestellten Brigade Hoke, umfassend 24th, 25th, 35th, 48th, und 49th North Carolina Infantry Regiment. Hinzu kam im März auch die 26th North Carolina Infantry (vgl. Hess: Lee's Tar Heels, a.a.O., S. 17). Teilnahme an Seven-Days-Battle (vgl. Hess: Lee's Tar Heels, a.a.O., S. 22).

 

He led his North Carolina brigade in the September 1862 invasion of Maryland and participated in the capture of Harpers Ferry and the Battle of Antietam. On November 7, he was placed in temporary command of the division and led it through the Battle of Frede­ricksburg, where Ransom's division had successfully defended Marye's Heights against the attacking Federals.

 

Ransom's North Carolina Brigade bestand während Lee's Maryland Campaign 1862 aus folgenden Einheiten (vgl. Battle & Leaders, a.a.O., Vol. 2, S. 601:

- 24th North Carolina Infantry Regiment LtCol John L. Harris

- 25th North Carolina Infantry Regiment Col. H. M. Rutledge

- 35th North Carolina Infantry Regiment Col M. W. *Ransom

- 49th North Carolina Infantry Regiment LtCol M. McAfee

- VA Battery Captain James R. Branch

 

Außerdem gehörte dazu (vgl. Gragg: Covered with Glory, a.a.O., S. 25):

- 26th North Carolina Infantry Regiment

 

Ab November 1862 Divisionskommandeur im I. Army Corps Longstreet, bestehend aus der ehemaligen Ransom Brigade und John R. Cooke' Brigade (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., 2: 327).

 

MajGen Robert Ransom jr.; Army Corps D. H. Hill on November 7, he was placed in temporary command of the division and led it through the Battle of Fredericksburg, where Ransom's division had successfully defended Marye's Heights against the at­tacking Federals. In January 1863, Ransom and his brigade were sent back to North Carolina. In May he was promoted to major ge­neral and performed duty around Richmond, western Virginia, and eastern Tennessee. In May 1864 he led a division under Gene­ral P.G.T. Beauregard in the defense of Drewry's Bluff against Union General Benjamin Butler. He was sent to command the cavalry in the Shenandoah Valley in the summer, under the command of General Jubal A. Early, where he participated in the battles of Monocacy and Fort Stevens. He was relieved of command in August 1864 due to illness and never returned to front line service.

 

Im Battle of Fredericksburg:

Ransom's Division bestand aus:

 

Cooke's Brigade BrigGen John R. Cooke (w. 12/13)

Col. Edward D. Hall

 

15th North Carolina Infantry Regiment LtCol William MacRae

27th North Carolina Infantry Regiment Col John A. Gilmer

46th North Carolina Infantry Regiment Col Edward D. Hall

48th North Carolina Infantry Regiment LtCol Samuel H. Walkup

Cooper's (Va.) Battery

 

Ransom's Brigade

 

24th North Carolina Infantry Regiment LtCol John L. Harris

25th North Carolina Infantry Regiment LtCol Samuel C. Bryson

35th North Carolina Infantry Regiment Col Matt Whitaker Ransom

49th North Carolina Infantry Regiment LtCol Lee McAfee

Branch's (Va.) Battery

 

 

Ransom, Thomas E. G.:

US-MajGen; zunächst Col; Co. F&S, 11th Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 73)

 

auch bei der 22nd Illinois Infantry benannt; Gefecht bei Charleston (MO ?) im August 1861 (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 18); nach aA war Ransom seit 30.7.1861 LtCol 11th Illinois Infantry (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 680; ebenso Warner: Generals in Blue, a.a.O., S. 390)) und wurde beim Gefecht von Charleston am 19.8.1861 verwundet; erneut verwundet im Battle von Fort Do­nelson, wo Ransom's Regiment abgeschnitten wurde und sich unter Verlust der Hälfte seiner Männer herausschlug; Ransom wurde daraufhin zum Col wegen Tapferkeit befördert; erneut verwundet in der Schlacht von Shiloh, weigerte er sich trotz seiner Wunde sein Kom­mando zu verlassen.

 

Im Battle of Shiloh am 6.4.1862 gehörte die 11th Illinois Infantry unter Col Thomas E. G. Ransom zur 2nd Brigade Col C. Carroll Marsh 1st Division MajGen John A McClernand in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh, B & L, a.a.O., I, S. 537).

 

Bei dem ersten US-Gegenangriff in Shiloh am 6.4.1862 während des Artilleriegefechts, überrannte gegen 12:00 die 11th Iowa Infan­try aus 1st Brigade Col Abraham C. *Hare / 1st Division MajGen John A McClernand zusammen mit der 11th Illinois und 20th Illi­nois aus 2nd Brigade Col C. Carroll Marsh / 1st Division MajGen John A McClernand die im nördlichen Woolf Field eingesetzte Cobb’s Kentucky Battery und die Sektion von Polk’s Tennessee Battery (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 188 mit Karte 187).

 

Während der Corinth Campaign war Ransom im Stab McClernand's eingesetzt; BrigGen 29..1.1862; ++++ Kommandeur XVII Corps in der Verfolgung Hood's bei Sherman's March to the Sea; MajGen am 1.9.1864; erneut trotz den Folgen einer Verwundung und Krankheit war Ransom nicht bereit, seinen Posten zu verlassen; er starb kurz darauf an den Folgen in Rome am 29.10.1864 (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 680).

 

US Grant hielt den damaligen BrigGen Ransom für hoch geeignet; nach seiner Ansicht sollte er mindestens ein Korps kommandieren (vgl. Grant: Memoirs, a.a.O., S. 316).

 

 

Rassiga, August:

US-Corporal; Co. B, 9th New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 115), Bruder von Eugen *Rassiga (vgl. Kukatz­ki, Bernhard: "Pfälzer im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg", Teil II, in: Pfälzisch-Rheinische Familienkunde 2003, Heft 5, S. 299). † Mai 1888, beerd. Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, Kings County, New York (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Rassiga, Eugen:

US-Pvt; Co. B, 9th New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 115). Bruder von August Rassiga wanderte 1849 in die USA ein, wohl aus der Pfalz stammend. 9th New York Infantry (Hawkin's Zouaves). † gef. 17.9.1862 Battle of Antietam / Mary­land (vgl. Maryland. Board of Trustees of the Antietam National Cemetery, Western Maryland Regional Library; www.whilbr.org). Seinen Tod beschreibt sein Bruder August *Rassiga, der im selben Regiment diente, in einem Brief (vgl. Kukatzki, Bernhard: "Pfäl­zer im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg", Teil II, in: Pfälzisch-Rheinische Familienkunde 2003, Heft 5, S. 299).

 

 

Rassiter, David B.:

US-Corporal; Co. I, 46th Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park soldiers M539 Roll 73); originally filed under 'Rossiter'

 

 

Rassiter, Joseph P.:

US-Surgeon; Co. F&S, 129th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. National Park soldiers M554 Roll 98); originally filed under 'Rossi­ter'; er war zuvor Assistant Surgeon in Co. F&S, 100th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. National Park soldiers M554 Roll 98).

 

 

Rassiter, Lindley:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 97th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 87); originally filed under 'Rossiter'

 

 

Ratchford, James:

CS-Major; Major Ratchford was Adjutant General to Daniel Hill, Hood and Stephen Lee, fighting in all major battles in the East until his surrender with Johnston's army in 1865

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Ratchford, James (Major, C.S.A.): Memoirs of a Confederate Staff Officer: From Bethel to Bentonville (White Mane, 1998). Edi­ted by Evelyn Sieburg and James Hansen II.

 

 

Rathbone, J. C.:

US-Col, 11th West Virginia Infantry; während Albert G. *Jenkin's Raid durch West Virginia nach Ohio vom 22.8.-19.9.1863 (vgl. OR 12.2 S. 757-761, 762) mit seinem Regiment in Spencer überrascht, gefangengenommen und paroled.

 

 

Rauscher, Frank:

US-+++; 114th Pennsylvania Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Rauscher, Frank: Music on the March .... 114th Regiment, P. V., Collis’ Zouaves (Philadelphia: Press of Wm. F. Fell & Co, 1892)

 

 

Rawle, William Brooke:

US-LtCol; 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry; er entstammte einer renommierten Familie aus Philadelphia; bei Kriegsbeginn 19 Jahre alt und Student an der University of Pennsylvania; dann 2nd Lieutenant Co C 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry (vgl. Longacre: The Cavalry at Get­tysburg, a.a.O., S. 11).

 

In der Nachkriegszeit Rechtsanwalt in Philadelphia. Er änderte nach dem Krieg die Reihenfolge seiner Namen; ursprünglich hieß er William Rawle Brooke (vgl. Longacre: The Cavalry at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 11).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Rawle, William Brooke (Capt, 3rd PA Cavalry): History of the Third Pennsylvania Cavalry, sixtieth Regiment Pennsylvania Vol­unteers in the American Civil War, 1861-1865 (Philadelphia, 1905, 1st Edition). Anm.: Fold Out Maps, Frontis of Gen. Averell - Pla­tes, Portraits, Rosters. Nevins describes this as „An exceptionally full, day-by-day chronicle of the regiment first commanded by Wil­liam W. Averell; indispensable for an insight into Eastern cavalry operations throughout the four years of war.“.

- **Rawle, William Brooke (3rd PA Cavalry): The Right Flank at Gettysburg (Olde Soldier Books; Reprint of 1878 Original); 27 pp. An account of the operations of Gregg's Cavalry. The author commanded the 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry and gives detailed descripti­ons of the cavalry battle at Gettysburg. His narrative is presented from his view of the field and portions of the battle that he took part in.

 

 

Rawlings, Benjamin Cason:

CS-Captain, 30th Virginia Infantry Regiment

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Tribble, Byrd B.: Benjamin Cason Rawlings, First Virginia Volunteer for the South (30th Virginia), 155pp, photos. Rawlings joined the Southern cause at 15 and rose to the rank of Captain. This work is based on his own previously unpublished reminiscences, fami­ly records and scrapbooks and provides a vivid look at battles and life in the field with Pickett's Division and the bitter world of a pri­soner of war.

 

 

Rawlings, Edward G.:

CS-Sergeant; 21st Virginia Infantry (vgl. Worsham, John H.: "One of Jackson's Foot Cavalry; a.a.O., S. 7).

 

 

Rawlins, John Aaron:

US-MajGen; 1831-69 (der Vorname wird bei Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 63 mit 'James' angegeben, dagegen auf S. 43 und im Index, S. 661 mit 'John'; bei Boatner, a.a.O., S. 681 mit 'John Aaron'). Rawlins stammte aus Galena / Ill. (Heimatort von U.S. Grant); Rechtsanwalt und überzeugter Anhänger der demokratischen Partei; 1861 Assistant Adjutant-General Grant's in Cairo (vgl. Porter: Campaigning with Grant, a.a.O., S. 31); im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh war Rawlins Captain im Stab von Grant's Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 173); Stabschef Grant's während der Vicksburg Campaign und nach der Über­nahme des Oberkommandos durch Grant 1864 dessen Stabschef (vgl. Porter: Campaigning with Grant, a.a.O., S. 31); später Secreta­ry of War während der Präsidentschaft Grant's; er trat 1869 fünf Monate vor seinem Tod von seinem Amt zurück.

 

Charles *Dana gibt eine äußerst positive Charakterisierung von Rawlins (Dana, Recollections, a.a.O., S. 62).

 

Grant (Memoirs, a.a.O., S. 135) beschreibt Rawlins als fähigen Mann mit großen Stärken und als sehr nützlichen Offizier, der Grant sein Leben lang begleitete. Grant schreibt: "I became very much attached to him".

 

zum Brief Rawlin's an die Missouri Commandary of the Loyal Legion von 1891 betreffend den Mythos von einer angeblichen Alko­holabhängigkeit U.S. Grant's: vgl. Cattons Diskussion der unterschiedlichen Darstellungen bei Rawlins und Cadwallader bei Grant, Julia Dent: Memoirs, a.a.O., S. 3-5; vgl. auch die Haltung Julia Dent Grant's nach der Veröffentlichung von Rawlins' Brief in ihren Memoiren: Vorwort, S. 22

 

Photos:

- Davis/Wiley, Photographic History, a.a.O., S. 46

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Shaw, John M. (Captain): „The Life and Services of General John A. Rawlins,“ in: Glimpses of the Nation's Struggle, vol. III,

p. 387

- **Wilson, James H.: The Life of John A. Rawlins (New York, 1916)

 

 

Ray, Alexander:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 2nd Battalion Kentucky Cavalry (Dortch's) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 11).

 

 

Ray, A. W.:

CS-Captain; Co. A, 10th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (Johnson's) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 11)

 

 

Ray, D. W.:

CS-Pvt; Co. I, 5th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 11).

 

 

Ray, Elah:

CS-Pvt; Co. D, 10th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (Diamond's) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 11).

 

 

Ray, Hiram W.:

CS-Pvt; Co. I, 10th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (Johnson's) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 11).

 

 

Ray, Hugh M.:

CS-Pvt, Co. H, 26th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 32).

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- Hugh Ray to sister, letter from 28.10.1861, Nevin Ray Papers, Duke University, Special Collections Library

 

 

Ray, J. S.:

CS-Pvt; Co. K, 7th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (Diamond's) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 11).

 

 

Ray, Jack:

CS-Pvt; Co. +++, 10th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (Johnson's) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 11).

 

 

Ray, John:

CS-Sergeant; Co. A, 10th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (Johnson's) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 11).

 

 

Ray, James L.:

CS-Pvt; Co. D, 10th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (Diamond's) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 11).

 

 

Ray, John M. J.:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 10th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 11).

 

 

Ray, John P.:

s. John P. *Wray (Co. H, 6th Kentucky Cavalry)

 

 

Ray, Lavender R.:

CS-Lt, 1st Georgia Infantry CS Army of the Northwest (Loring); Teilnahme an Stonewall Jackson Expedition nach Bath and Romney im Januar 1862 (vgl. Tanner, Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 64) .

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Ray, Lavender R.: Ray letters. Typescript of unpublished wartime letters of Lavender R. Ray, 1861-65. Georgia Department of Ar­chives and History, Atlanta, Georgia

 

 

Ray, Thomas:

CS-Sergeant; Co. B, 7th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 11); auch als J. T. Ray genannt

 

 

Ray, William R.:

US-Sergeant; Co. F, 7th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 24); Teilnahme an den Schlachten von 2nd Bull Run, Gettysburg und Wilderness; bei Gettysburg verwundet (vgl. Herdegen: Damned Black Hats, a.a.O., S. 195).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Herdegen, Lance and Sherry Murphy: Four Years with the Iron Brigade: The civil War Journal of William Ray, Seventh Wisconsin Volunteers (Da Capo, 2002)

 

 

Ray, William B.:

CS-Captain; s. William D. *Ray

 

 

Ray, William D.:

CS-Major; Co. A; 4th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry; zunächst Captain Co. A (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 11); auch als William B. Ray bezeichnet (vgl. Mosgrove: Kentucky Cavaliers, a.a.O., S. 16).

 

 

Ray, William Stephen:

CS-Corporal; Co I, 154th Tennessee Infantry Regiment; Ray enlisted in the Confederate army at McNary County, Tennessee, while sixteen years old. He fought at Belmont, Missouri, Shiloh, Tennessee, Corinth, Mississippi, and Atlanta, Georgia. Midway through the war, Ray was temporarily assigned to the 15th Tennessee Cavalry, but he rejoined the infantry before the close of hostilities.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Ray, William Stephen (Corporal, 154th Tennessee Infantry [CS]): Memoir, circa 1915; 1 item. Typewritten reminiscence, prepa­red from an original manuscript by David W. Ogden, descendent of Corporal William Stephen Ray, Company I, 154th Tennessee In­fantry. Ray enlisted in the Confederate army at McNary County, Tennessee, while sixteen years old. He fought at Belmont, Missouri, Shiloh, Tennessee, Corinth, Mississippi, and Atlanta, Georgia. Midway through the war, Ray was temporarily assigned to the Fif­teenth Tennessee Cavalry, but he rejoined the in­fantry before the close of hostilities. Ray's reminiscence holds little new information on military movements, but a few interesting personal incidents are included. Most of the reminiscence describes Ray's post-war resi­dence in Arkansas and Oklahoma, as well as his efforts on behalf of the United Confederate Veterans (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayette­ville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Raymer, Jacob Nathaniel „Nat“:

CS-Musician; Co. C, 4th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 22)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Munson, E. B. (ed.): Jacob Nathaniel Raymer, Confederate Correspondent: The Civil War Reports of Jacob Nathaniel Raymer, 4th North Carolina (Jefferson, NC: McFarland 2009)

 

 

Raymond, Henry J.:

US-Pvt, Co. E, 32nd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 13).

 

 

Raymond, Henry J.:

US-Zeitungsverleger; Eigner und Verleger der *New York Times (vgl. Andrews: The North reports the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 9, 10); die New York Times stand der republikanischen Partei nahe und unterstützte Lincoln (vgl. Simpson, Brooks D: Great Expectations: Ulysses S. Grant, the Northern Press, and the Opening if the Wilderness Campaign; in: Gallagher, Gary W. (ed.): The Wilderness Campaign, a.a.O., S. 31 Anm. 4).

 

Travelling with the Army of the Potomac im Jan. 1863, insb. beim berüchtigten Mud Marsh, was Henry J. Raymond, editor of the New York Times, who was appaled by the turmoil in the high command [Anm. s. Revolt of the Generals]. He learned of the back­stairs maneuvering in the officers corps for McClellan's return; of the lack of confidence in Burnside; of Generals Franklin and Smith undercutting their superior at every opportunity. And from the Time's army correspondent William Swinton editor Raymond got an earful of Joe Hooker's broadsides aimed at everyone in sight (vgl. Sears: Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 20-21).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Brown, Francis: Raymond of the Times (New York, 1951)

- **Maverick, Augustus: Henry J. Raymond and the New York Press (Hartford, 1870)

- **Raymond, Henry W. (ed.): „Excerpts from the Journal of Henry J. Raymond“. Scribner's Monthly, 19:3 (Jan. 1880), pp. 419-24; 19:3 ) Mar. 1880), pp. 703-10

 

 

Rayney, William B:

CS-Pvt; Co. E, 1st Regiment Kentucky Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 11); s. also 3rd Battalion Kentucky Mounted Rifles

 

 

Rayzer, G.:

CS-Pvt; Co. I, 6th Regiment Kentucky Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 11).

 

 

Rea, David B.:

CS-Pvt; Co. C, 1st Regiment North Carolina Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 32; vgl. Priest: Battle of South Moun­tain, a.a.O., S. 96, 102, 107, 429); auch Co. F, 5th Regiment North Carolina Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 32).

 

 

Rea, John Patterson:

US-Major; zunächst Co. B, 11th Regiment Ohio Infantry; after serving with this company for four months, he was commissioned second lieutenant of Company I, First Ohio Cavalry. Rea was commissioned Second Lieutenant on September 23, 1861, and for gallant and meritorious service he was promoted to First Lieutenant on March 12, 1862 and Major on November 23, 1863, following gallant service at Cleveland, Tennessee. Major Rea served continuously in the Army of the Cumberland until November 24, 1864, when he was obliged to resign due to poor health. He served in the regiment about three years and a half, and during that time was absent only ten days, seven as prisoner and three days on sick leave (aus www.wikipedia, Stichwort John Patterson Rea, Abruf vom 13.8.2016).

 

Born October 13, 1840 in Lower Oxford Township, Chester County/PA - † 28.9.1900 Nicollet Island/Minnesota; in der Nachkriegszweit Rea was a Minnesota judge. He was also editor of the Minneapolis Tribune, and from late 1887 to 1888 Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic, succeeding Lucius Fairchild (aus www.wikipedia, Stichwort John Patterson Rea, Abruf vom 13.8.2016).

 

 

Read, Edwin W. H.:

US-Captain; 8th US Infantry; er befehligte während der Schlacht von Gettysburg 8 Kompanien der 8th US Infantry als Hauptquar­tiertruppen (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg: The Second Day, a.a.O., S. 443).

 

 

Read, Ira Beman:

US-Captain; Co. D&E, 101st Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 87; Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 147). 1864 während Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign ge­hörte die 101st Ohio Infantry zum IV. Corps MajGen Oliver Otis *Ho­ward (vgl. B & L vol. IV, S. 284), 1st Division MajGen David S. Stanley, 1st Brigade BrigGen Charles Cruft in MajGen George H. Thomas Army of the Cumberland. Das Regiment nahm am 8.5.1864 teil an der bewaffneten Aufklärung gegen Buzzard Roost Gap nördlich Dalton entlang der Strecke der Western & Atlantic Railroad (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 147).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Read, Ira (Captain, 101st Ohio Infantry) : "The Campaign from Chattanooga to Atlanta as Seen by a Federal Soldier," ed. Richard B. Harwell, Georgia Historical Quarterly 25 (1941)

 

 

Read, John P. W.:

CS-Captain; Frazer's Battery Georgia Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 50); zuvor Captain, Co. K, 10th Re­giment Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 50).

 

Read's Battery, Georgia Artillery (vgl. B&L 3: 146: The Opposing Forces at Fredericksburg); im Battle of Fredericks­burg 1862 eingesetzt im Rahmen der Division McLaws am höchsten Punkt der Divisionsfront an der Hauptstraße in die Stadt. Die Battery gab auf Befehl des Divisi­onskommandeurs McLaws bei Beginn des US-Brückenschlags über den Rappahannock die beiden Signalschüsse ab, die Gen Robert E. Lee für die Alarmierung der CS-Truppen befohlen hatte (vgl. McLaws, Lafayette: The Confede­rate Left at Fredericksburg; in: B&L 3:86; Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., 2: 334 Anm. 45; OR 21: 1070). Am 13.12.1862 war Read's Battery auf der rechten Seite von Kershaw's erster Stellung eingesetzt (vgl. Free­man: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., 2: 334 Anm. 45; OR 21: 591).

 

 

Ready, Charles:

Whig-Politiker in Tennessee; er unterlag in den Wahlen zum US-Congress von 1859 Robert Hatton; Charles Ready, an „aristocratic old Whig“, whose strong Southern Rights stance diminished his support within the Unionist party (vgl. Crofts: Reluctant Confedera­tes, a.a.O., S. 2).

 

 

Reagan, John H.:

CS-Post Master General und Mitglied des CS-Congresses; in der Vorkriegszeit war Reagan US-Senator von Texas (vgl. Ruffin: Diary, a.a.O., vol. II, S. 101); bei der Entscheidung über die Invasion Lee's in Pennsylvania im Sommer 1863 äußerte Präsident Davis Zweifel an der Rich­tigkeit dieses Angriffs und wurde hierbei von Reagan unterstützt. Zuletzt schlossen sich beide jedoch der Mehrheitsmeinung an (vgl. Coddington: Gettysburg Campaign, a.a.O., S. 7; vgl. Nye: Here come the Rebels, a.a.O., S. 11).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Reagan, John H. (CS-Post Master General): Memoirs with Special Reference to Secession and the Civil War (New York, 1906)

 

 

Rearden, James S.:

Col. 29th Illinois Infantry. Im November 1861 in der Brigade von Richard *Oglesby in Südost-Missouri eingesetzt gegen die Partisa­nentruppen von Jeff *Thompson (vgl. Hicken, Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 19). Battle of Fort Donelson (Grant, Battles and Leaders Vol. I S. 429).

 

Die 29th Illinois Infantry unter Col Rearden gehörte im Februar 1862 zur 1st Brigade 1st Division McClernand bei der Er

 

 

Reardon, J. S.:

US-Col; in der Shiloh-Campaign 1862 Col und Regimentskommandeur der ++++ 3rd Brigade 1st Division MajGen John A McCler­nand in Grant's Army of the Tennessee; der reguläre Brigadekommandeur Leonhard F. *Ross hatte im Frühjahr 1862 gerade seine Frau verloren und befand während des Battle of Shiloh am 6.4.1862 sich wegen der Beerdigung in Illinois, weshalb während seiner Abwesenheit Col J. S. Reardon die Brigade führte; dieser war am 6.4.1862 plötzlich erkrankt, weshalb die Führung der Brigade an Col Julius Raith als rangältestem Col fiel (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 177).

 

 

Reavis, Logan U.:

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Reavis Logan U.: Papers (Chicago Historical Society, Chicago / Illinois)

 

 

Records, William H.:

US-Sergeant; 72nd Indiana Infantry; Teilnahme an Sherman's Angriff auf Atlanta im Juli 1863 (vgl. Evans: Sherman's Horsemen, a.a.O., S. 93, 482 Anm. 1)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Evans: Sherman's Horsemen, a.a.O., S. 93, 482 Anm. 1

- **Records, William H. ( Sergeant; 72nd Indiana Infantry): Diary, Indiana State Library; Indianapolis

 

 

Rebmann, George F.:

US-Sergeant; Co. B, 119th Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 74; hier als 'Rebman' bezeichnet).

 

Sergeant George F. Rebmann erhielt am 8.6.1865 die Medal of Honor für seinen Einsatz bei Blakely/Alabama „Capture of Flag" (vgl. National Park, Medal of Honor Recipients, George F. Rebmann).

 

 

Rector, Frank A.:

CS-Col; 17th Arkansas Infantry. Im Februar 1862 während der Pea Ridge Campaign gehörte das Regiment zu 2nd Brigade Col Louis *Hébert in BrigGen Benjamin *McCulloch's Division.

 

 

Rector, Henry:

CS-Governor von Arkansas; *1816-? (s. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, S. 684)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Dougan, Michael: Confederate Arkansas (University of Alabama Press, 1976)

- Symonds: Cleburne, a.a.O., S. 46

 

 

Redding, Joe:

US-Lt; 38th Indiana Infantry; Teilnahme an Sherman's Atlanta Campaign im August 1864 und eingesetzt im Battle of Jonesboro (vgl. Nosworthy: Bloody Crucible, a.a.O., S. 254).

 

 

Redman, W. M.:

US+++;1863 12th Illinois Cavalry 1st Cavalry Brigade Col William *Gamble 1st Cavalry Division Buford im Cavalry Corps Plea­sonton's der Army of the Potomac; Teilnahme an Buford's Aufklärung nach Gettysburg am 30.6.1863 (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 42 mit S. 601n48).

 

 

Reece, John H.:

CS-++Co. M, 60th Regiment Virginia Infantry (vgl. www.findagrave.com), bzw. Co. H, 60th Regiment Virginia Infantry (3rd Re­giment, Wise Legion) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll46).

 

1845 - † 9.1.1865; beerd. Camp Chase Confederate Cemetery, Columbus, Franklin County/Ohio (vgl. www.findagrave.com)

 

Photo:

Grabstein Camp Chase Confederate Cemetery, Columbus, Franklin County/Ohio (vgl. www.findagrave.com)

 

Reece, John Harvey:

CS-Captain; Co. G, 1st Regiment Georgia Infantry; er war 1864-65 Kriegsgefangener at Johnson's Island Prison.

 

Urkunden / Urkunden/Literatur:

- Reece, John Harvey: Civil War Papers; in: Georgia Department of Archives and History, Reference: ac 90-011, 2132-o5b (this col­lection contains five items, including a journal (1864-65) kept at Johnson's Island Prison in Ohio by Captain John Harvey Reece, Company G, 1st Regiment GVI

- Slay, David H.: Georgia Civil War Manuscript Collection. An Annotated Blbliography (University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa/Alabama 2011), S. 20

 

 

Reed, David W.:

US-Major; 12th Regiment Iowa Infantry; Reed trat als Pvt in das Regiment ein, später Captain Co. C (vgl. National Park Soldiers M541 Roll 22).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Reed, David: Campaigns and Battles of the 12th Iowa Infantry (Evanston / Illinois, 1903)

 

 

Reed, Hugh T.:

s. Reid, Hugh T.

 

 

Reed, John A.:

US-Lt; zunächst Pvt, Co H, 101st Pennsylvania Regiment Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 99); später 2nd Lieutenant of the North Carolina Union Volunteers; this unit ser­ved extensively in North Carolina

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Reed, John A.: History of the 101st Regiment Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteer Infantry 1861-1865 (Chicago 1910 - First Edition) mit Fold-Out Maps, Plates, Plans, Includes details of battles at Williamsburg, Seven Pines, New Bern, Plymouth, Whitehall, Golds­boro and Confederate Prisons

 

 

Reed, Thomas D.:

US-Captain; Co. E&G, 51st Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry; Reed trat als Sergeant in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 99).

 

Photo:

- Coco: Civil War Infantryman, a.a.O., S. 3: Sergeant Thomas Reed, 51st Pennsylvania

 

 

Reed, Wiley M.:

CS-Col; schwerverwundet vor Fort Pillow am 12.4.1861; gestorben 1.5.1864 (vgl. Confederate Veteran V, 1897, S. 101)

 

 

Reese, Chauncey B.:

US-Lt; in der Gettysburg Campaign war Lt. Reese Aide of General Gouvernor K. Warren (vgl. Sauers: Gettysburg: The Meade-Sickles Controversy, a.a.O., S. 44).

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- Reese, Chauncey B.: Letter to General Warren, March 11, 1886, Warren Papers

 

 

Reeve, Edward P.:

CS-Lt; 1st Virginia Infantry (vgl. Pfanz: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 150).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Reeve Papers: Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

 

 

Reeves, ++++:

CS-Col; 15th Missouri Cavalry (CS). The 15th Missouri Cavalry was the most forward Confederate unit in the Trans-Mississippi. Col. Reeves, the unit commander, was the only officer in the Trans-Mississippi region to be refused parole in 1865.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Ponder, Jerry: A History of the 15th Missouri Cavalry Regiment, C.S.A. (Ponder Books, 1994); 196 pp. History of unit from 1862 through the end of the war. The 15th Missouri Cavalry was the most forward Confederate unit in the Trans-Mississippi. Col. Reeves, the unit commander, was the only officer in the Trans-Mississippi region to be refused parole in 1865; Photos; Rosters; Maps; Charts; References; Index

 

 

Reeve, James T.:

US-1st Assistant Surgeon 21st Wisconsin Infantry. Während Sherman‘s Atlanta Campaign 1864 gehörte die 21st Wisconsin Infantry zum XIV Corps MajGen John M. Palmer (vgl. B & L, vol. IV, S. 285), 1st Division BrigGen R. W. Johnson, 1st Brigade BrigGen William P. Carlin. Teilnahme am Battle of Resaca am 14./15.5.1864 (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 161; Cox: Battle for Atlanta, a.a.O., S. 44).

 

 

Reichard, August:

CS-Col; 20th Louisiana Infantry. Reichard stammte aus Preußen (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 167). Das Regiment bestand aus Deutschen und Iren aus Louisiana (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 167; Clark, Robert jr.: “The New Orleans German Colony in the Ci­vil War.” Louisiana Historical Quarterly, vol. XX (October 1937), S. 990-1015)

 

Im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh am 6.4.1862 gehörte das Regiment zur 2nd Brigade BrigGen James Patton *Anderson 1st Division BrigGenDaniel Ruggles II. Army Corps MajGen Braxton Bragg (vgl. Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh; in: B&L I 539). Am Morgen des 6.4.1862 Teilnahme am Angriff von Anderson’s Brigade auf die 5th US-Division Sherman’s südlich Shiloh Church (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 167 mit Karte S. 166).

 

 

Reichhelm, E. Paul:

US-SgtMaj; 3rd Missouri Infantry (vgl. Bearss, Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., I 134, 159 Anm. 10)

 

Literatur

- Reichhelm, E. Paul: Diary (Vicksburg National Military Park)

 

 

Reid, Hugh T.:

US-Col; auch: Reed (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 175; “Reid"; vgl. Grant: Opposing Forces a.a.O., S. 538); 15th Iowa Infantry. Im Battle of Shiloh am 6.4.1862 gehörte das Regiment unter Col Hugh T. Reid zur 6th Division BrigGen Benjamin M. *Prentiss und war not brigaded. Das Regiment traf unmittelbar vor Beginn der Schlacht per Schiffstransport aus St. Louis ein (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 175).

 

Das Regiment traf unmittelbar vor Beginn der Schlacht per Schiffstransport aus St. Louis ein. Grant setzte unmittelbar bei seinem Eintreffen in Pittsburg Landing am 6.4.1862 gegen 9:00 das Regiment auf den Höhen bei Pittsburg Landing ein, um das Durchbre­chen von Stragglers nach der Landing zu unterbinden (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 175). in einen Hinterhalt (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 186 mit Karte S. 187). Zusammen mit der 16th Iowa Infantry übernahm das Regiment gegen die angreifende 1st Brigade Col Robert M. Russel I. 1st Division BrigGen Charles Clark Army Corps MajGen Leonidas Polk; beide Regimenter mußten sich schließlich unter schweren Verlusten auf die Nordseite von Jones Field zurückziehen. Col Reid wurde hierbei verwundet (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 186).

 

Reid, Harvey:

US-Pvt; 22nd Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 53).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Byrne, Frank L. (ed.): View from Headquarters: Civil War Letters of Harvey Reid (Madison: The Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison 1965)

 

 

Reid, Whitelaw:

US-Journalist, 1837-1912; Ohio, Studium an der Miami (Ohio) University; dann Newspaper Editor und Republikanischer Politiker; bei Ausbruch des Bürgerkriegs war Reid Korrespondent der *Cincinnati Gazette in Washington; seine Berichte unterzeichnete er mit "Agate". Reid traf Anfang Juni 1861 in West Virginia ein (vgl. Andrews: The North reports the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 103). Reid war ADC Rosecrans' in West Virginia 1861; anwesend in den Schlachten von Shiloh und Gettysburg (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg. The Second Day, a.a.O., S. 2).

 

In der Shiloh-Campaign befand sich Reid bei der 3rd Division BrigGen Lew Wallace in Crumb's Landing; als US Grant mit dem Hauptquartierschiff USS Tigress am frühen Morgen in Crumb's Landing eintraf und sich mit Divisionskommandeur Wallace ab­stimmte, hörte Reid das Gerspräch an; anschließend ritt Reid nach Pittsburg Landing, wo er zeitgleich mit Grant eintraf. Reid berich­tete über die Schlacht in der Cincinnati Gazette; sein Bericht war ein "Shocker", denn Reid hatte herausgebracht, daß Grant's Army vom Angriff der CS-Army of the Mississippi völlig überrascht worden war; Reid behauptete weiterhin, Grant's Army sei völlig füh­rungslos gewesen und nur um Haaresbreite einer Niederlage entgangen. dies stand in völligem Gegensatz zu einem vorausgegange­nen ersten Report über die Schlacht durch den Herald Reporter W. C. *Carroll. Zusammenfassend kam Reid zum Ergebnis, daß die Schlacht nur durch den Einsatz von Buell's Army of the Ohio und durch die Führungskunst von MajGen Don Carlos Buell gewon­nen worden sei. Der Bericht war in wesntlichen Teilen falsch; nachdem andere Reporter jedoch ähnliches berichteten, führte Reid's Be­richt zur Absetzung Grant's als Armeebefehlshaber und zur persönlichen Kommandoübernahme durch MajGen Halleck (vgl. Cat­ton: Grant Moves South, a.a.O., S. 252-257).

 

In den Nachtstunden am frühen Morgen des 2.7.1863 befand sich Reid in Gettysburg auf dem Culp's Hill und beobachtete das Ein­treffen von Meade mit Entourage beim Hauptquartier des XI. Corps von MajGen Oliver O. *Howard (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg. The Second Day, a.a.O., S. 59) während Meade's erster Erkundung des Geländes von Gettysburg.

 

1863-1866 zum Librarian des House of Representatives gewählt; 1866 Cotton Planter in Louisiana. Bürgerkriegsautor und Histori­ker; Autor von "Ohio in the War", nach der Veröffentlichung Nachfolger von Horace Greeley als Editorial Writer der New York Ti­mes und seit 1872 Editor und Haupteigner der Zeitung (Boatner, a.a.O.).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Cortissoz, Royal: The Life of Whitelaw Reid (London: Thornton Butterworth Ltd., 1921)

- **Reid, Whitelaw: Ohio in the War; her Statesmen, her Generals and Soldiers (2vols. Cincinnati, 1868)

- **Smart, James G.: A Radical View: The Agate Dispatches of Whitelaw Reid. 2 vols (Memphis: Memphis State University Press, 1976)

 

 

Reid, William P.:

US-Col; im Januar 1863 war Reid Brigadekommandeur von Reid's Brigade in New Haven / Kentucky / Army of the Ohio; die Briga­de wurde ab Januar Gen Gordon Granger´s Truppen in Tennessee unterstellt (Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 45); ab 8.6.1863 Brigadekommandeur 2nd BrigadeReid / 1st Division BrigGen Absalom *Baird / Reserve Corps BrigGen Gordon *Granger / Army of the Cumberland (Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 107); die Brigade war am 3.9.1863 in Shelbyville eingesetzt (Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 133).

 

 

Reily, James:

CS-Col, 4th Texas Cavalry, in der Vorkriegszeit Veteran der Army of the Republic of Texas und fürherer US-Konsul in Rußland (vgl. Alberts: The Battle of Glorieta, a.a.O., S. 10)

 

 

Remington, Francis A.:

US-Sgt; Co. G 85th Indiana Infantry; Teilnahme am Battle of Thompson's Station am 5.3.1863, dabei kriegsgefangen und erkrankt; in Gefangenschaft gestorben im Libby Prison / Richmond (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 91)

 

 

Remington, William N.:

US-Lt; auch 1863 Lt Co I 6th Wisconsin Infantry (Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 130); am 1.7.1863 in Gettysburg beim Flankenan­griff des Regiments auf den Bloody Railroad Cut wurde Remington durch einen Schuß in die Schulter schwer verwundet, als er ver­suchte die Regimentsfahne der 2nd Mississippi Infantry (vgl. CS-Corp. W. B. *Murphy) zu erobern (vgl. Dawes: Full Blown Yankee, a.a.O., S. 169; Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 130, der allerdings Remington fehlerhaft als "Pennington" bezeichnet).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Remington, William N.: "William N. Remington's Story." Milwauckee Sunday Telegraph 29 April 1883

 

 

Remmel, William:

US-Sgt; Co I 121st New York Infantry; Born on February 22, 1843, in Hermicke, Germany, William Remmel emigrated to America with the rest of his family when still a small child. The Remmels eventually settled in Devereaux, Herkimer County, New York, and William attended classes at the Fairfield Seminary, Fairfield, New York, until he entered the military during the Civil War. William enlisted in the service sometime between July 6 and August 31, 1862. He was present at both Antietam and Fredericksburg, but was not personally involved with any fighting. On April 20, 1863, William was promoted to sergeant, and by May 3, he had "seen the ele­phant" at Salem Chapel, Virginia. Wounded on May 10, 1864, William spent the following months in Washington, D.C., hospitals. He rejoined his regiment in August 1864 and remained at the front for the duration of his military service. On October 19, 1864, during the battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia, Remmel was captured by the enemy and sent to Andersonville prison, where he probably died a short time later.

 

- Remmel, William: Papers, 1862-1924; 205 items. Letters and documents from or pertaining to Sergeant William Remmel, Company I, 121st New York Infantry. Born on February 22, 1843, in Hermicke, Germany, William Remmel emigrated to America with the rest of his family when still a small child. The Remmels eventually settled in Devereaux, Herkimer County, New York, and William atten­ded classes at the Fairfield Seminary, Fairfield, New York, until he entered the military during the Civil War. William enlisted in the service sometime between July 6 and August 31, 1862. He was present at both Antietam and Fredericksburg, but was not personally involved with any fighting. On April 20, 1863, William was promoted to sergeant, and by May 3, he had "seen the elephant" at Salem Chapel, Virginia. Wounded on May 10, 1864, William spent the following months in Washington, D.C., hospitals. He rejoined his re­giment in August 1864 and remained at the front for the duration of his military service. On October 19, 1864, during the battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia, Remmel was captured by the enemy and sent to Andersonville prison, where he probably died a short time la­ter. All efforts by Remmel's parents in the years following the war to determine his fate met with failure. The Remmel papers include: letters written by William to his parents, brothers, and sisters; letters written by his parents after the war attempting to find out what happened to him; military documents pertaining to the 121st Infantry; and pension claims. (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manus­cript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Remmert, William:

CS-Pvt; Co. E, 16th Regiment Texas Infantry (Flournoy's) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M227 Roll 30).

 

 

Rempel, F. F.:

US-LtCol, im Frühjahr 1862 Regimentskommandeur 58th Ohio Infantry

 

Das Regiment war bei der Eroberung von *Fort Donelson eingesetzt (Catton, Grant moves South, a.a.O., S. 151, 153) und gehörte zur Brigade John *Thayer, 3rd Division BrigGen Lew, Wallace in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Grant, U. S.: The Opposing Forces at Fort Donelson; in: B&L, vol. I, a.a.O., S. 429).

 

 

Renfroe, Nathaniel D.:

CS-Lt; im Zivilberuf Reverend; † 13.12.1862 Fredericksburg; Co. A 5th Alabama Battalion;

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Renfroe, John J. D.: A model Confederate soldier, being a brief sketch of the Rev. Nathaniel D. Renfroe, Lieutenant of A Company in the Fifth Alabama Battalion, of Gen. A. P. Hill 's Division, who fell in the Battle of Fredericksburg, December 13th, 1862. Rich­mond, 1863 [Reprinted, microfiche].

 

 

Renick, John H.:

US-Pvt; 11th Illinois Cavalry (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 387, 392)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Litvin, Martin (ed.): Sergeant Allen and Private Renick: A Memoir of the Eleventh Illinois Cavalry Written by Henry Allen, and, From the Papers of Mother Bickerdyke, a Three Volume Civil War Diary for 1862, 1863, 1864. Written by John H. Renick (Gales­burg / Illinois: Wagoner Printing Co., 1971)

 

 

Rennolds, Edwin H.:

CS-2ndLt; Co. 2D, 5th Regiment Tennessee Infantry; Rennolds trat als Sergeant in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M231 Roll 36); Teilnahme an der Abwehr von Sherman's Atlanta Campaign (vgl. Castel: Decision, a.a.O., S. 34, 50, 128, 200, 402, 450, 503, 557).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Rennolds, Edwin H.: Diary, 1864 (Special Collections, University of Tennessee Library, Knoxville)

- **Rennolds, Lt. Edwin H. “History of the Fifth Regiment Tennessee Infantry.” In A History of the Henry County Commands Which Served in the Confederate States Army, Including Rosters of the Various Companies Enlisted in Henry County, Tennessee, 20-178, Jacksonville, FL: Sun Publishing Co., 1904.

 

 

Reno, Jesse L.:

US-MajGen; 20.4.1823 Wheeling, VA - † 14.9.1862 gef. Battle of South Mountain / Boonsboro Gap / Maryland. Reno was a career United States Army officer who served in the Mexican–American War, the Utah War, the western frontier, and as a Union General  during the American Civil War. Known as a "soldier's soldier" who fought alongside his men, he was killed while commanding a corps at Fox's Gap during the Battle of South Mountain. Reno County, Kansas, El Reno, Oklahoma, Reno, Nevada, and Fort Reno in Washington, D.C. were named after him.

 

Reno was born in Wheeling, Virginia (present day West Virginia), the third-oldest of eight children of Lewis Thomas and Rebecca (Quinby) Reno. His ancestors changed the spelling of their surname "Renault" to the more Anglicized "Reno" when they arrived in America from France in 1770. His family moved to the Franklin, Pennsylvania, area in 1830, and Reno spent his childhood there. Reno was admitted to the United States Military Academy in 1842 and graduated eighth in his class of 59 cadets in 1846, initially commissioned a brevet second lieutenant of Ordnance. Reno andThomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson became close friends while at West Point. Other classmates and friends included George B. McClellan,George Pickett, Darius N. Couch, A.P. Hill, and George Stone­man.

 

During the Mexican–American War in 1847, Reno commanded an artillery battery under General Winfield Scott and fought in the Siege of Vera Cruz and other battles in Mexico. Reno was brevetted twice during the war - once for "gallant and meritorious con­duct" at the Battle of Cerro Gordo, and later for bravery at the Battle for Mexico City and the Battle of Chapultepec, where he was seriously wounded while commanding ahowitzer battery. During the occupation of Mexico City, Reno became an original member of the Aztec Club of 1847.

 

After the Mexican–American War ended, Reno served in several locations, including as a mathematics instructor at West Point, as the secretary of a group assigned to "create a system of instruction for heavy artillery, and at the Ordnance Board in Washington, D.C. He was promoted to first lieutenant, in 1853, and sent to conduct a road survey from the Big Sioux River to Mendota, Minnesota. When he returned to Washington, he married Mary Blanes Cross, and the couple had five children, two of whom had notable achievements of their own: Conrad Reno became an attorney and writer of note in Boston, Massachusetts, and Jesse W. Reno graduated from Le­high University and invented the first working escalator. Reno's next assignment was as ordnance officer at the Frankford Arsenal, northeast of Philadelphia, where he spent the next few years. In 1857, Reno was assigned to go with Brig. Gen. Albert Sydney John­ston (later a senior Confederate general in the Western Theater) as chief of ordnance on a two-year expedition to the Utah Territory.

 

When he returned from Utah in 1859, Reno was promoted to captain for fourteen years of continuous service. Captain Reno then took command of the Mount Vernon Arsenal near Mount Vernon, Alabama, in 1859. At dawn on January 4, 1861, Reno was forced to surrender the arsenal to troops from Alabama, a bloodless transfer ordered by the governor of Alabama,Andrew B. Moore. Alabama seceded from the Union a week later. Upon leaving Alabama with his small force, Reno was temporarily assigned to command the Fort Leavenworth Arsenal until he was appointed brigadier general of volunteers in the fall of 1861. He transferred to Virginia, took command of the 2nd Brigade, Burnside Expeditionary Force, and soon had organized five regiments. The 2nd Brigade fought in MajGen. Ambrose Burnside's North Carolina Expedition from February through July 1862. Reno became a division commander in the IX Corps, which had become part of the Army of the Potomac. In the Northern Virginia Campaign, Reno actively opposed his friend and classmate Stonewall Jackson during the Second Battle of Bull Run and the Battle of Chantilly. Reno was appointed a major general on August 20, 1862. (This promotion was confirmed posthumously on March 9, 1863, with date of rank established as July 18, 1862.) Burnside became commander of the Army of the Potomac's right wing for the start of the Maryland Campaign in September, elevating Reno to command of the IX Corps from September 3.

 

Reno had a reputation as a "soldier's soldier" and often was right beside his troops without a sword or any sign of rank. ]On Septem­ber 12, 1862, Reno's IX Corps spent the day in Frederick, Maryland, as the Army of the Potomac under Maj. Gen. George McClel­lan advanced westward in pursuit of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia under Gen. Robert E. Lee. Elements of Lee's army defended three low-lying "gaps" of South Mountain—Crampton's, Turner's, and Fox's - while concentrating at Sharpsburg, Mary­land, to the west, the location of the subsequent Battle of Antietam (September 17, 1862). In the Battle of South Mountain on Sep­tember 14, Reno stopped directly in front of his troops as he reconnoitered the enemy's forces advancing up the road at Fox's Gap. He was hit in the chest by a Confederate sharpshooter's bullet. He was brought by stretcher to Brig. Gen. Samuel D. Sturgis's command post and said in a clear voice, "Hallo, Sam, I'm dead!" Sturgis, a long-time acquaintance and fellow member of the West Point Class of 1846, thought that he sounded so natural that he must be joking and told Reno that he hoped it was not as bad as all that. Reno re­peated, "Yes, yes, I'm dead—good-by!", dying a few minutes later. In his official report, Confederate general D. H. Hill sarcastically remarked, "The Yankees on their side lost General Reno, a renegade Virginian, who was killed by a happy shot from the Twenty-third North Carolina."

 

Reno's body was first taken to Boston, the home of his wife, and placed in a vault in Trinity Church. On April 9, 1867, his remains were reinterred in Oak Hill Cemetery in Georgetown, Washington, D.C.. A memorial marking the location of his death was erected in 1889 by IX Corps veterans on present-day Reno Monument Road in Fox's Gap at the South Mountain State Battlefield Park. A mo­nument for Confederate Brig. Gen. Samuel L. Garland, Jr. of Virginia also killed near here was erected nearby in 1993 by the Sons of Confederate Veterans and the Central Maryland Heritage League along with a large stone and bronze sculpture to North Carolina sol­diers defending the line in 2005 (aus https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesse_L._Reno).

 

Photo:

MajGen Jesse Lee Reno (http://www.findagrave.com)

 

 

Rentschler, Gottfried:

US- Captain; Co. E&G, 6th Regiment Kentucky Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M386 Roll 12).

 

Rentschler wohnte in Louisville, promoted 3/1/1862 from Private to Quartermaster Sergeant, reduced 6/10/1862 from Quartermaster Sgt. to Private, Company E, promoted 8/16/1864 to Captain of Company G (vgl. http://6thkentuckyus.yolasite.com/rosters.php, Ab­ruf vom 11.6.2016).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Reinhart, Joseph R., ed. and trans.: Two Germans in the Civil War: The Diary of John Daeuble and the Letters of Gottfried Rentsch­ler, 6th Kentucky Volunteer Infantry (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2004)

 

 

Rerick, John H.:

US-Major/Surgeon; Co. F&S, 44th Regiment Ohio Infantry; Rerick trat als Assistant Surgeon in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 63).

Literatur:

- **Rerick, J. H.: The 44th Indiana Volunteers in the Rebellion (Lagrange, Ind., 1880)

 

 

Revell, William:

US-Captain; 13th New York Cavalry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Revell, William: Papers, 1882, 1912. Captain in the 13th New York Cavalry Volunteers. Papers consist of an envelope written on both sides in 1912 by Revell referring to passages in "Memorial of Henry Sanford Gansevoort" (1882), by J.C. Hadley, about Confe­derate ranger Colonel John Singleton Mosby's wounding and capture in December 1864, at which he was present. Along with the manuscript is a copy of the book, inscribed by Revell and Gansevoort's sister, Catherine Lansing. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virgi­nia Tech Libraries Ms 88-063).

 

 

Revill, D. L.:

CS-Captain; Co. G, 4th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 11); Captain Revill war bereits an der Aufstellung des Regiments im September 1862 beteiligt (vgl. Mosgrove: Kentucky Cavaliers in Dixie, a.a.O., S. 16).

 

 

Revere, John Warren:

US-BrigGen; 1820-80; aus Massachusetts; Col 7th New Jersey Infantry am 19.9.1861 (vgl. National Park Soldiers M550 Roll 19); Teilnahme am der Peninsula Campaign und Antietam; BrigGen 26.10.1862 (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 692); demgegenüber gibt Anne S. Frobel in ihrem Diary an, sie habe Revere am 30.10.1862 im Rang eines Col bei Alexandria / Virginia getroffen (vgl. Frobel Diary, a.a.O., S. 121; anzunehmen ist, daß die neue Uniform so kurz nach der Beförderung noch nicht fertig war und Revere deshalb noch die Rangabzeichen eines Col trug).

 

 

Reynard, Alphes:

US-Pvt; Co E 10th Pennsylvania Infantry; gefallen in der Schlacht von Antietam am 23.8.1862

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Reynard, Alphes: Letters, 1862; 5 items. Typescript copy of five original letters, four of which are from Private Alphes Reynard, Company E, Tenth Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry, written to his family while he was on duty with the Army of the Potomac in 1862. Reynard's first letter, dated April 29, 1862, describes the battlefield at Manassas Junction, Virginia, which he was able to inspect at some leisure. His next letters, written on June 18 and 19, 1862, describe his experiences while serving during McClellan's Peninsula Campaign in Virginia. His last letter, dated August 23, 1862, was sent from Washington, D.C., where Reynard's regiment was enga­ged in preparing defensive works. Alphes Reynard was killed in action at Antietam on September 17, 1862. (Univ. of Arkansas, Fa­yetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Reynolds, A. W.:

CS-Colonel

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, a.a.O., S. 75

- Davis/Wiley, Photographic History, a.a.O., S. 49

 

 

Reynolds, Daniel Harris:

CS-BrigGen; 1832-1902; Reynolds was from Chicot County, entered the Confederate service as a captain of Company A (Chicot Rangers) 1st Arkansas Mounted Rifles on June 14, 1861, and remained in the army until the end of the war. He fought at Wilson's Creek, Missouri, August 10, 1861, and Pea Ridge (Benton County) on March 7 and 8, 1862, and was subsequently transferred east of the Mississippi where he and his regiment saw the balance of their war service. He was promoted to major, lieutenant colonel, and fi­nally colonel of the First Arkansas before receiving his commission as brigadier general on March 12, 1864. Among the battles he fought east of the Mississippi were: Farmington and Jackson, Mississippi; Chickamauga, Resaca, Kennesaw Mountain, and Atlanta, Georgia; Nashville and Franklin, Tennessee; and Bentonville, North Carolina. Following the war Reynolds returned to Arkansas whe­re he practiced law and served as a state senator from Chicot County.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Reynolds, Daniel Harris: Papers, 1861-1892; 132 items. Correspondence, diary, biographical sketch, battle reports, and other milita­ry documents pertaining to Brigadier General Daniel Harris Reynolds (1832-1902). The Reynolds collection includes a typescript copy of a diary kept by the general during the entire course of the war, letters written and received by him, and commissions, reports, and other military documents (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Reynolds, Francis:

US-Surgeon; 69th Regiment New State Militia; ehemaliger britischer Militärarzt, eingesetzt beim Krim-Krieg; er hatte deshalb Batt­lefield medicine experience (vgl. Craughwell: Greatest Brigade, a.a.O., S. 44).

 

 

Reynolds, Hiram:

US-Pvt; Co. K, 21th Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 75); Reynolds wurde am 15.7.1861 unehrenhaft durch den damaligen Col. US Grant wegen verschiedener Delikte entlassen (vgl. Catton: Grant Moves South, a.a.O., S. 13). Reynolds reenlisted in an Indiana regiment (s. Co. H, 82nd Regiment Indiana Infantry [vgl. National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 63]), and in the fall 1863 he was han­ged, at Nashville Tennessee, for killing a fellow soldier (vgl. Catton: Grant Moves South, a.a.O., S. 13).

 

 

Reynolds, John F.:

US-MajGen; 20.9.1820 Lancaster/PA - † gef. 1.7.1863 Gettysburg/PA; Major 3rd US-Artillery; ab 8.9.1860 als Nachfolger von Wil­liam J. Hardee Kommandant in West Point (vgl. Hughes: Hardee. Old Reliable, a.a.O., S. 67). 1862 Divisionskommandeur von Reynold's Division, bekannt auch als Pennsylvania Reserves (Gaff: Brave Men's Tears, a.a.O., S. 48); Peninsula Campaign, 2nd Bull Run; Reynold's Division wurde im August 1862 aus der Army of the Potomac ausgegliedert und Pope's Army of Virginia unterstellt (Gaff, a.a.O., S. 46, 48). Reynolds kommandierte 1863 das I. Army Corps der Army of the Potomac; er fiel am 1. Tag der Schlacht von Gettysburg bei McPherson's Ridge, als er mit seinem Corps auf Hilferuf der bedrängten US Kavallerie Gen. Buford's mit dem er­sten US-Infanterieeinheiten, darunter der Iron Brigade, zu Hilfe eilte. Er ist gefallen bei *Herbst Woods / McPherson's Ridge gegen 10.30 am 1.7.1863 (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 142 ff).

 

Der Vormarsch der Army of the Potomac am 30.6.1863 verlief in nordwestlicher Richtung um das Zentrum *Taneytown, wo sich das US-Hauptquartier befand. 3 Army Corps pointed towards Gettysburg; on 30.6.1863 Meade formed these three, the First, Third and Eleventh, into a provisional left wing, in view of probable early contact with the enemy, and placed General Reynolds in command (vgl. Stackpole: They Met at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 94).

 

Nach Reynolds' Tod übernahm MajGen Abner *Doubleday das Kommando (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 145). Nach dem Krieg gab es eine intensive Diskussion über die Frage, wer Reynolds getötet hatte; es gab mehrere "Ansprüche" von Personen, die sich rühmten, den General erschossen zu haben (vgl. zum Diskussionsstand: Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 145 ff).

 

Sohn von John Reynolds und Lydia Moore Reynolds; Bruder von Eleanor Reynolds (13.3.1835 Pennsylvania - † 20.2.1923 District of Columbia; Tochter von John Reynolds und Lydia Reynolds); John F. Reynolds war unverheiratet. Schwager von Captain Henry D. Landis (°° mit Catharine Reynolds) (vgl. findagrave.com; vgl. http://www.uniongenerals.org/landis.htm).

 

Photos:

- Chambersburg Chambers of Commerce (ed.): "Southern Revenge," a.a.O., S. 56

 

Photo:

- Maj. Gen. John F. Reynolds (Library of Congress)

- A mid-July Matthew Brady image looking southeast into the edge of Herbst Woods near where Reynolds fell (vgl. Library of Congress). (Anm.: The civilians are believed to be photographer Brady [right] and John Burns, a citizen of Gettysburg who fought in the battle [vgl. Stackpole: They Met at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 121]).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- *Boland, E. T.: "Death of General Reynolds. An Ex-Confederate who was a witness describes the Event." National Tribune, 20 May 1915

- Nichols, Edward J.: Toward Gettysburg: A Biography of General John F. Reynolds (University Park: The Pennsylvania State Un­iversity Press, 1958)

- Reynolds, John Fulton: Unpublished papers of General John Fulton Reynolds, Fackenthal Library, Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster /PA

 

 

Reynolds, Joseph Jones:

US-MajGen (USV) und MajGen (USA); 1822-99; aus Kentucky; West Point 1843 (10/39); Berufsoffizier; eingesetzt an der Frontier; Ausbilder in West Point; auf eigenen Wunsch 1857 aus der Army ausgeschieden und Lehrer für Mechanik und Ingenieurwesen an der Washington University St. Louis; dann Unternehmer in Lafayette / Indiana (vgl. Thornbrough: Indiana in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 127). Nach Kriegsausbruch seit 25.4.1861 Col. 10th Indiana Infantry (3-Month-Regiment); BrigGen 17. Mai 1861; Verteidiger von Cheat Mountain Pass am 12.-15.9.1861 (vgl. Taylor: Four Years with General Lee, a.a.O., S. 21); Reynolds schlug den CS-Angriff auf West Virginia zurück und sicherte den damaligen Landesteil von Virginia (später selbständiger Bundesstaat) für die Union; nach dem Tod seines Bruders übernahm er dessen Handelsgeschäft und trat aus der Armee am 23.1.1862 aus. Wiedereintritt als BrigGen am 17.9.1862; MajGen (USV) am 29.11.1862. Divisionskommandeur 5th Div. Centre, XIV, in the Army of the Cumberland (11.12.1862 - 9.1.1863) +++ weiter Boatner, S. 694

 

 

Reynolds, Thomas C.:

CS-Governor von Missouri 1865 (vgl. Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 105); im Juni 1861 war Reynolds Lieutenant Go­vernor von Missouri; er wurde von Govenor Claiborne *Jackson zu Präsident Davis mit der Bitte um Unterstützung für die CS-Sache in Missouri gegen die US-Kräfte unter BrigGen Nathaniel *Lyon entsandt (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 95). Ende Juni war Reynolds an Claiborne *Jackson's Rückzug nach Südwest-Missouri beteiligt und Beobachter Des Battle of Carthage AM 5:7:1861 (vgl. Moneghan: Civil War on the Western Border, a.a.O., S. 156).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 105

- Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 95-96

- Moneghan: Civil War on the Western Border, a.a.O., S. 119, 123; Charakterisierung 120; Flucht mit Claiborne Jackson 150, 156; with Price's column 157, 158, 311, 314, 316, Auseinandersetzung mit Price 321, 325, 343; weigert sich bei Kriegsende sich zu erge­ben S. 347

- Reynolds, Thomas C.: Papers, Library of Congress, Washington

 

 

Rhein, Christian:

US-Pvt; 123rd Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 87)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Rhein, Christian: "The 123rd PA.," National Tribune, July 11, 1907

 

 

Rhett, Family:

Familie in South Carolina; die Familie war politisch machtvoll und einflußreich; eine unbedachte Bemerkung des Commanders im Militärbezirk von South Carolina und Georgia MajGen *Pemberton über die medizinische Befähigung von Dr. George Rhett, der die schwer erkrankte Frau Pemberton's behandelte, führte u.a. zur Versetzung Pemberton's aus South Carolina als Commander in den Mi­litärbezirk von Mississippi und East Lousiana durch Prädident Davis (vgl. Woodworth: Lincoln and his Generals, a.a.O., S. 172).

 

 

Rhett, Burnet A.:

CS-Capt, 1st Manassas (Ruffin Diary II 70)

 

 

Rhett, Robert Barnwell, Jr.:

CS-Politiker; Sohn von R. B. *Rhett Sr.; Editor des seinem Vater gehörenden Charleston Mercury

 

Southern newspapers were nearly unanimous in urging secession. Under the editorship of Robert Barnwell Rhett, Charleston's 'New and Courier' was among the most fiery of all (vgl. Vandiver: 14001 Things, a.a.O., S. 6)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Rhett, Robert Barnwell Jr.: "The Confederate Government at Montgomery"; in: B & L, a.a.O., vol. 1, S. 101

 

 

Rhett, Robert Barnwell, Sr.:

CS-Politiker und Sezessionist; aus South Carolina; Democratic Party; six terms Congressman im US-Congress, 1x zum US-Senator gewählt; Editor des Charleston Mercury (vgl. Andrew: The North reports the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 14; vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 9-10), Lawyer und a Churchman, Manager der Charleston Bible Society, Vice-President der Young Men's Temperance Society, Secretary of the Charleston Port Society for promoting the christian gospel among seamen; Rhett's Hauptziel war die Sezes­sion (vgl. Sandburg: Abraham Lincoln: The War Years vol. 1 S. 5).

 

Rhett war eine der treibenden Kraft für die bewaffnete Sezession in South Carolina, organized Minutemen and vigilance committees. Er schrieb die Ordnance of Disunion, die in einer Geheimabstimmung von der Sezessions-Konvention in der St. Andrew's Hall in Charleston am 20.12.1860 angenommen wurde. Die Fire Eaters wollten ihn als Präsidenten der CSA (vgl. Chestnut, Diary, a.a.O., S. 6; vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 9-10).

 

Rhett war Delegierter von South Carolina auf der Provisional Secession Convention des Südens, die im Februar 1861 in Montgome­ry/­Ala. stattfand (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 45, 60).

 

Cousin von Robert Woodward *Barnwell (vgl. Davis: Government of our Own, a.a.O., S. 12).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Channing, Steven V.: Crisis of Fear: Secession in South Carolina (New York, 1970), S. 290-91

- **Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 9-10

- **Davis, William C.: Robert Barnwell Rhett: The Turbulent Life and Times of a Fire-Eater (University of South Carolina Press: 2001). William C. Davis's biography of Robert Barnwell Rhett provides a definitive picture of South Carolina's most prominent se­cessionist and arguably the best known in the nation during the two decades leading up to the Civil War. Dubbed the Father of Seces­sion, Rhett attached himself to South Carolina statesman John C. Calhoun, but grew more zealous than his mentor on the secession issue. Rhett first raised the possibility of secession in 1826, well before Calhoun adopted the notion, and would ever after hold fast to his one great idea. In this examination of Rhett's personal and political endeavors, Davis draws upon many newly found sources to reveal the extremism that would make and mar Rhett's adult life. Davis traces the statesman's obsession with a separation from the union, which he initially associated with a protective tariff and internal improvements but by the 1840s had unabashedly connected with slavery. Davis details Rhett's seven terms in Congress, his short-lived stint as a United States Senator, and his leading role in the South's newly energized movement toward secession after the 1860 election. Davis reveals Rhett's ambition to be rewarded with the presidency of the Confederacy.

- **Randall: Civil War and Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 125

- **Rhett, Robert B., Sr.: Autobiography; Robert B. Rhett, Sr. Papers, South Carolina Historical Society, Charleston

- **Rhett, Robert B., Sr.: Papers, South Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina, Columbia

- **Stephenson, N. W.: "Southern Nationalism in South Carolina in 1851 (American Historical Review, XXXVI, S. 314-335)

- **White, Laura A.: "Robert Barnwell Rhett, Father of Secession (Century, 1931)

 

 

Rhett, Thomas G.:

CS-Major; 1861/62 Assistant Adjutant General in Joseph E. *Johnston's Stab des Department of Northern Virginia und praktisch des­sen Stabschef (vgl. Newton: Joseph E. Johnston and the Defense of Richmond, a.a.O., S. 13).

 

 

Rhett, Thomas Smith:

CS-Col; 1848: Graduated from West Point Military Academy; Occupation before War: 1848 – 1855: Served in the United States Army rising to Lt. 1855 – 1861: Bank Clerk in Baltimore Maryland Civil War Career: 1861: Captain of Artillery Provisional Army of Confederate States; 1862: Colonel of Confederate Artillery Temporary Rank Commander of batteries in the Richmond Defenses, In­spector of Ordnance in Richmond Virginia Defenses (vgl. www.findagrave.com; vgl. Jones: Under the Stars and Bars: Surry Light Artillery of Virginia, a.a.O., S. 96); 1863: Sent abroad to purchase Arms; Occupation after War: Engineer of Mexican National Rail­road; President of insurance Company in Baltimore Maryland (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

25.2.1827 Beaufort/ SC - † 26.12.1893 Washington/DC; °° Eliza Parkman Eckley Rhett (1828-1908) (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Rhoads, Frank L.:

US-Col; Regimentskommandeur 8th Illinois Infantry Regiment bei der Eroberung von *Fort Donelson (vgl. Grant; in Battles and Leaders Vol. I S. 429)

 

 

Rhodes, Charles H.:

CS-Captain; ab Juni 1861 war Captain Rhodes Quartermaster der Brigade von BrigGen Richard S. *Ewell (vgl. Pfanz: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 134)

 

 

Rhodes, Elisha Hunt:

US-Captain; 21.3.1842 - 14.1.1917; aus Pawtuxet / Rhode Island, 2nd Rhode Island Infantry von 5.6.1861-28.7.1865; Corporal, Ser­geant Major; 2nd Lieutenant 24.7.1862 (vgl. Rhodes: All for the Union, a.a.O., S. 71); Nachkriegszeit: 1879-1893 BrigGen der Bri­gade of Rhode Island Militia

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Rhodes, Elisha Hunt: All for the Union. The Civil War Diary and Letters of Elisha Hunt Rhodes (Taschenbuchausgabe New York 1992); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik93

 

 

Rhodes, John H.:

US-+++; Battery 'B' 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery

 

- Rhodes, John H.: The History of Battery ‘B’, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery (Butternut and Blue); 450pp, Photos, Illustrations, Maps, Roster, New Introduction. Originally published in 1894 - Battery "B" served in the 2nd Corps. This outfit saw its first action at Balls Bluff. It accompanied the Union army to the Peninsula and was engaged at Fair Oaks, Savage Station, Glendale and Malvern Hill. Next the battery fought at Antietam and Fredericksburg where it followed the infantry in close support in front of Marye's Heights. At Gettysburg, the battery was part of the artillery that held Cemetary Hill. After Gettysburg, the battery served with dis­tinction at Mine Run, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor and Petersburg.

 

 

Rice, +++:

Chairman of the Naval Committee of the House of Representatives (vgl. Welles, Diary, II 6).

 

 

Rice, Alexander Archibald:

US-Adjutant; Co. F&S, 72nd Regiment Indiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 63; vgl. Magee: Seventy-Second In­diana, a.a.O., S. 7). Rice stammt aus Attica/Indiana, hatte gerade deas Jura-Studium abgeschlossen und hatte seie Zulassung als Rechtsanwalt erhalten (vgl. Magee: Seventy-Second Indiana, a.a.O., S. 7).

 

† 1902; Rice was born near Waveland, Montgomery County May 26, 1834 and was one of the best known men in this part of the state. He practiced law in Attica 3 years prior to the war and when that broke out was the first man to raise a company in Fountain County. He served as Captain of the company which was A of the 15th Indiana afterwards serving with the 72nd and was later assi­stant adjutant general on the staff of Gen. Joseph Reynolds. After the war he went into a partnership with Marhsall Milford, his father -in-law at this place and in 1871 moved to Lafayette. Capt. Rice was a man of many high qualities and was popular wherever he was known. He leaves a wife, one daughter, Rena, and one son, Robert J. Rice. Dr. John T. Rice is a brother and Mrs. JS Nave and Mrs. CJ Finney are nieces. Capt Rice frequently visited Attica and always had a pleasant greeting for each and all of his acquaintance. As a speaker he was always entertaiing and at one time delivered a splendid lecture at this place on the Battle of Chickamauga in which he took a very active part (aus Saturday Press, Attica, Indiana 1-25-1902, zitiert bei The Indiana GenWeb Project, Copyright ©1997-2014, Montgomery County GenWeb site http://indianagenweb.com/inmontgomery).

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- OR Series I Volume XXIII Part I Page 154 of 856 - Tullahoma Campaign; Report of Captain und AAG Alexander Rice

 

 

Rice, Americus V.:

US-LtCol; 57th Ohio Infantry; im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh gehörte das Regiment zur 3rd Brigade Col Jesse Hildebrand 5th Division BrigGen William T. Sherman in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee. Das Regiment war unter der Führung von LtCol Ameri­cus V. Rice (der Regimentskommandeur Col Mungen war erkrankt) am 6.4.1862 morgens bei Beginn der Schlacht in der Divisions­front rechts eingesetzt (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 157 mit Karte S. 165)

 

 

Rice, Edmund:

US-BrigGen; 1861 Captain, Co. F, 19th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. Waitt, Ernest L.: History of the Nineteenth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, a.a.O., S. 2, 17). Teilnahme am Battle of Ball's Bluff am 21.10.1861 (vgl. Waitt, Ernest L.: Histo­ry of the Nineteenth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, a.a.O., S. 20).

 

Rice was born 2 December 1842 in Brighton, Massachusetts to Moses Maynard Rice and Eliza (Damon) Rice. In 1856 he ente­red Norwich University in Vermont and remained there until 1858, but was not awarded a degree until 1874. After three years he be­came an apprentice to Captain Lloyd on the clipper ship, Snow Squall, that left Long Wharf in Boston in September 1858 headed for Shanghai, China. After ten months at sea Edmund arrived back in New York in June 1859. He then began working as a surveyor for his father's development interests.

 

On 22 Aug 1861, Rice joined the 14th Massachusetts Infantry and was commissioned a captain. He was soon transferred to the 19th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment to command Company F. With that unit he was engaged in the Civil War battles of: Ball's Bluff, Siege of Yorktown, Fair Oaks, Savage Station, Glendale, and Malvern Hill.[2] He was promoted to the rank of major on 7 Sep 1862 and fought at Antietam later in September 1862, and the Battle of Fredericksburg December 11–13, 1862. For his actions at the battle of Gettysburg in repelling Pickett's Charge, he was presented with the Medal of Honor in 1891. Made a lieutenant colonel 28 Feb 1864, he commanded his regiment in the Rapidan Campaign, the battles of Bristoe Station, Blackburn's Ford, Robinson's Cross Roads, and the Mine Run. He commanded the 19th in the Battle of the Wilderness on May 5,–7, 1864 and at the battle of Lau­rel Hill on May 8, 1864. He was wounded and captured in the assault at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, May 12, 1864. Whi­le being transported as a prisoner on May 23, he escaped by cutting the door of a freight car and jumping from it while the train was moving at 15 mph. He reached Union lines, near the Ohio River, twenty-three days later. He was promoted to colonel on 28 July 1864.

 

He rejoined his unit in August 1864, and led the regiment in the second battle of Deep Bottom, the battle of Weldon Railroad, the second battle of Ream's Station, and the battle of Hatcher's Run; he was in command of Fort Stedman and batteries Eleven and Twelve in front of Petersburg, Virginia. He was present at the surrender of the Confederate States Army at Appomattox Court House, and returned to civilian life on June 30, 1865. Altogether, he was wounded three times. Just a year later, he entered the United States Army and was commissioned a first lieutenant in the 40th Infantry, July, 1866.

 

Medal of Honor:

Rank and organization: Major, 19th Massachusetts Infantry. Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., July 3, 1863. Entered service at: Bo­ston, Mass. Birth: Brighton, Mass. Date of issue: October 6, 1891. Citation: „Conspicuous bravery on the third day of the battle on the countercharge against Pickett's division where he fell severely wounded within the enemy's lines.“

 

Reconstruction:

Rice married Annie Clark Dutch on August 30, 1866 in Charleston, South Carolina. He commanded the Post of Hilton Head, South Carolina and was also stationed in Raleigh, North Carolina, Jackson Barracks, Louisiana, Camp Distribution,Washington, D.C., and in Mississippi. After the Civil War, Rice invented several useful military implements, including the Rice Trowel Bayonet, the Rice Stacking Swivel, and a knife entrenching tool. In June 1868 Rice was assigned to the Springfield Armory to supervise the manu­facture of the 'Rice Trowel Bayonet' for trial by the U.S. Army. While stationed there, his wife Annie died of tuberculosis at the age of twenty only 11 months after their daughter was born. Rice's daughter, Corrine, was raised by his mother and siblings.

 

Indian wars:

In 1874 Rice commanded an expedition against Ute tribe Indians near Spanish Peaks, Colorado, and volunteered for an 1876 cam­paign against Sioux Indians in Montana, in retaliation for the loss of the 7th Cavalry at Little Bighorn. Buffalo Bill Cody was em­ployed as a scout to aid the company in its trip up the Yellowstone River in search of hostile Indians. In July 1879 Rice commanded a six-gun battery in Colonel Nelson Miles' expedition against the Sioux, north of the Missouri Rivernear the Canadian Border. He took part in the engagement of July 17, where their Hotchkiss guns were used to disperse the Sioux.

 

Rice spent the remainder of the Indian Wars of the 1870s and 1880s mostly at Fort Keogh, Montana, Fort Totten, North Dakota, Fort Rice, North Dakota, and Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. In 1877 he was a military envoy to England and Russia. He was promoted to captain on 10 Mar 1883, and from 1888 through 1891 Edmund Rice was stationed in Texas at Fort McIntosh, Fort Bliss and finally in command of Fort Hancock. He was Commandant of the Columbian Guard at the 1893 World's Fair.

 

In 1881 he married his second wife, Elizabeth Huntington, in Cincinnati, Ohio. Corrine was then suddenly removed from her home in Massachusetts to live with her father and stepmother in the western frontier. The reunion was less than amicable and she returned to the east coast in 1888, settling in New Jersey with her husband Joseph H. Scharff, who was a grandnephew of secretary of State William H. Seward.

 

Spanish-American War and Philippine-American War:

Edmund Rice served as U.S. Military Attaché at Tokyo, Japan from May 1897 through April 1898. At the outbreak of the Spanish American War, he asked to be relieved from diplomatic duty and to be given active field command. In May, 1898 he was appointed inspector general with the rank of lieutenant colonel on the staff of General Nelson A. Miles. Later upon the recommendation of Mi­les, Rice was promoted to colonel and placed in command of the 6th Massachusetts Volunteer Regiment that saw active service in both Puerto Rico and Cuba.

 

In July 1898, Colonel Rice was appointed by President William McKinley to be the senior colonel of all U.S. Volunteers in the Philippines. He commanded the 26th Infantry Regiment, a New England regiment, that was involved in skirmishes against the insur­gents and Moros. In 1899, he was appointed as Military Governor of the Island of Panay. In that capacity following recommendations of the First Philippine Commission, he established public schools, took the census, and administered the oath of allegiance to over 60,000 Filipinos. He served until Filipino General Martin Delgado was appointed first Civil Governor of Panay on April 11, 1901.

 

He returned to the United States in July 1901 after suffering from fever and heart disease brought on by the harsh tropical climate. The Philippine-American War was Rice's last war. He served until his retirement in command of the 19th U.S. Infantry at the Presidio of San Francisco.

 

Retirement:

Rice retired on August 14, 1903, with the rank of brigadier general. He became a member of the Medal of Honor Legion,Military Or­der of the Loyal Legion, Grand Army of the Republic, Society of Prisoners of War, Sons of the Revolution, Sons of the American Re­volution, Society of the Army of the Potomac, and the General Society of the War of 1812. General Rice served as Grand Marshal of Ceremonies at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in 1904, and he spent the summer of 1905 with his daughter Corinne and her hus­band.

 

He died "very suddenly" of heart failure "while sitting in a hammock" at Wakefield, Massachusetts, on July 20, 1906, lay in state in the Hall of Flags of the State House in Boston, and was buried in Section 3 of Arlington National Cemetery. His wife, Elizabeth H. Rice (1849 – 1919) is buried with him. His grave is marked by a large rock with a 3.5 foot bronze sculpture of the Medal of Honor draped over the boulder with the inscription, "The Congress to lieut.-Col. Edmund Rice, 19th Mass. Volunteers, for conspicuous bra­very on the 3rd day of the battle of Gettysburg.“ (aus: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmund_Rice_(Medal_of_Honor)

 

Photo:

- BrigGen Edmund Rice (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmund_Rice)

- Major Edmund Rice (https://npsgnmp.wordpress.com/2013/09/26/the-dilemma-of-_(Medal_of_Honor)

 

 

Rice, Owen:

US-Captain, Co. A, 153rd Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 101); verwundet im Battle of Chancellorsville 1.-5.1863 (vgl. http://civilwarintheeast.com). Er war 1863 acting Major des Regiments. Er hatte bei Chancellorsville am 2.5.1863 mit einigen Kompagnien eine Rekognoszierung gemacht und war von feindlicher Artillerie beschossen worden.. Gegen 14:45 meldete er seinem Brigadier von Gilsa, daß der Feind sich in Massen vor den Unionsvorposten ansammelt. Gilsa übergibt diese Meldung persönlich dem US-Korps-Kommandeur Howard wird aber 'repulsed with taunts' (ärgerlich abgewiesen) (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 356).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Rice, Owen (1836-1892): Afield with Eleventh army corps at Chancellorsville (Cincinnati 1885)

 

 

Richards, Evan:

US-LtCol; 20th Illinois Infantry. Im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh gehörte die 20th Illinois Infantry unter Führung von LtCol Evan Richards zur 2nd Brigade Col C. Carroll Marsh 1st Division: MajGen John A McClernand in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee.

 

 

Richards, Henry Melchior Muhlenberg:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 26th Regiment Pennsylvania Militia (Emergency, 1863) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll10). Co bestand aus Studenten Lu­theran Theological College und dem Pennsylvania College in Gettysburg (vgl. Richards, H. M. M.: Citizens of Gettys­burg in the Union Army; in: Battles & Lea­ders Vol. III S. 289).

 

Henry Melchior Muhlenberg Richards was of Pennsylvania German stock. He became a noted historian of Pennsylvania Germans in the French and Indian War and the American Revolution. He eventually became president of the Pennsylvania German Society (vgl. Va­luska/Keller: Damn Dutch, a.a.O., S. 217 n27).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Richards, H. M. M.: Citizens of Gettysburg in the Union Army; in: Battles & Leaders Vol. III S. 289 (Anm.: Richard war Angehöri­ger von Co. A, 26th Pennsylvania Militia)

 

 

Richards, John V.:

US-Sgt; 31st Wisconsin Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Richards, John V.: From Wisconsin to the Sea: The Civil War Letters of Sergeant John V. Richards, Thirty-First Regiment Wiscon­sin Infantry, 1862-1865; ed Richard Rattenbury (Houston: D. Armstrong & Co., 1986)

 

 

Richardson, Albert Deane:

US-Journalist, 1833-69; aus Massachusetts (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 696); Richardson war Reporter der New York Tribune

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Andrews: The North Reports the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 17-18 (reports for the New York Tribune in disguise), 66 (outstanding corre­spondent with Western army), 113 (comments on situation in Louisville, July 1861), 127 attempts to purchase Wilkie's exclusive sto­ry), 159 (at Cairo, January 1862), 162-63 (Fort Henry campaign), 163 conversation with Grant), 169 (on Southern morale), 169-70 (gunboat expedition to Columbus / Ky.), 250 (supervizes editorial columns of Memphis Argus), 251 (intimate friendship with T. W. Knox), 275, 276, 279, 282 (Battle of Antietam), 319 (staff officers), 382 (exchanges reminiscenses with Lincoln), 393-95 (captured by Confederates), 613 (prison experience and escape from Salisbury), 614 (collapses)

- Richardson, Albert D.: The Secret Service, the Field, the Dungeon, and the Escape (Hartford / Connecticut, 1865)

 

 

Richardson, Calvin W:

US-Pvt; Co. C, 13th Regiment Vermont Volunteers (vgl. National Park Soldiers M557 Roll 11). 12.5.1842 Vershire/Vermont - † 31.12.1930 Montpelier/Vermont (vgl. www. findagrave.com; vgl. auch Sturtevant: 13th Regiment Vermont Volunteers, a.a.O., S. 505-506: Richardson's eigenhändiger Lebenslauf). Teilnahme am Battle of Gettysburg (vgl. Sturtevant: 13th Regi­ment Vermont Volun­teers, a.a.O., S. 506 vgl. Coffin: Nine Month to Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 178). Sohn von John Richardson [1796-1883] und Lyda A. Smith Richardson [† 1888]; °° mit Amy Richardson Richardson (1833-1920) (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

Pvt Calvin W. Richardson (vgl. www.findagrave.com)

 

 

Richardson, David C.:

CS-Corporal; Parker's Company, Virginia Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 42).

 

 

Richardson, George. B.:

CS-Lt oder Captain; +++klären+++Washington Artillery aus New Orleans; Lt Richardson war im Skirmish von *Blackburn's Ford / VA am 18.7.1861 mit zwei Geschützen zur Unterstützung der Early eingesetzt (vgl. Early: War Memoirs, a.a.O., S. 7).

 

Photo:

- Longstreet, James: From Manassas to Appomattox, a.a.O., S. 37 (dort in der Bildunterschrift als "Captain Washington" bezeichnet)

 

 

Richardson, Henry B.:

CS-Captain; General and Staff Officers, Non-Regimental Enlisted Men, CSA (vgl. National Park Soldiers M818 Roll 20). 1863 Chief Engineer II. Corps Ewell (vgl. Shultz/Mingus: Gettysburg Second Day, a.a.O., S. 23).

 

 

Richardson, Hollon:

US-Lt; Co. ?, 7th Regiment Wisconsin Infantrty +++klären+++

 

Photo:

- Herdegen: Damned Black Hats, a.a.O., S. 255 (Richardson, 1913)

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- Herdegen: Damned Black Hats, a.a.O., S. 67-69, 138-139, 141, 150, 196, 229, 242, 269

 

 

Richardson, Israel Bush:

US-MajGen; 1815-61; aus Fairfax/Vermont; ‘Fighting Dick’; West Point 1841 (38/52); US-Berufsoffizier; Veteran der Kriege gegen Seminolen und Mexikaner. Im Mexikokrieg erwarb er wegen besonderer Tapferkeit im Battle of Cerro Gordo zwei Brevets und sei­nen Spitznamen ‘Fighting Dick’. 1855 aus der US-Army ausgetreten, anschließend Farmer in Michigan. Am 17.5.1862 wurde er Commissioned BrigGen USV und Col 2nd Michigan Infantry. Col Richardson war im Juli 1861 Brigadekommandeur der Fourth Bri­gade, First Division BrigGen. Daniel Tyler: Die Brigade umfaßte: 1st Massachusetts Infantry, 12th New York Infantry, 2nd Michigan Infantry, 3rd Michigan Infantry, Battery G. 1st U.S. Artillery und Battery M. 2nd U.S. Artillery. Richardson's Brigade besetzte am 18.7.1861 Centreville (vgl. Davis: Battle of Bull run, a.a.O., S. 112). Teilnahme am Battle von First Bull Run.

 

West Point Class of 1841, a class that gave 23 generals to the Civil War. Richardson served with distinction during the Seminole Wars in Florida and the Mexican War. In May 1861 he recruited the 2nd Michigan Infantry serving as its colonel. He commanded a brigade at the First Manassas and promoted to Brig. Gen. in August 1861. Promoted to Major General on July 4, 1862 he was assigned divisi­on command in Hooker's I Corps. Assigned a division in Sumner's II Corps in September his troops drive the Confederates from the Bloody Lane at The Battle of Antietam on Sept. 17th. While directing the fire of one of his supporting artillery units he was wounded by a ball from a spherical case shot fired from a Confederate battery enfilating his line. He was taken to the Pry House (Gen. McClel­lan's Hqs) where he died on Nov. 3rd. A marker is at the site where he was wounded today, and the Pry House still stands despite a terrible fire a few years ago (vgl. findagrave.com, Abruf vom 28.5.2016).

 

Richardson wird am 17.9.1862 am Antietam tödlich verwundet, wird zum Headquarter McClellan's im 'Pry House' gebracht und stirbt dort am 3.11.1862 (Angabe nach findagrave.com, Abruf vom 28.5.2016) im 2. Stock des Hauses trotz ärztlicher Behandlung; zuvor war er im Oktober 1862 von President Lincoln besucht worden (vgl. Frassanito: Antietam Photographic Legacy, a.a.O., S. 68).

 

26.12.1815 Fairfax, Franklin County/Vermont - † 3.11.1862 Sharpsburg/Maryland nach tödlicher Verwundung am 17.9.1862 am An­tietam; beerd. Oak Hill Cemetery, Pontiac, Oakland County,/Michigan (vgl. findagrave.com, Abruf vom 28.5.2016).

 

Photo:

- Milhollen / Kaplan: Divided We Fought, a.a.O., S. 127

 

 

Richardson, J. N. (John W.):

CS-Pvt; Parker's Company, Virginia Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 42).

 

 

Richardson, James M.:

CS-Pvt and Musician; Parker's Company, Virginia Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 42).

 

 

Richardson, John Q.:

CS-Major; Co. F&S, 52nd Regiment North Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 13; vgl. Wilson: Pettigrew and his Men, a.a.O., S. 47). † gef. 3.7.1863 Battle of Gettysburg (vgl. Wilson: Pettigrew and his Men, a.a.O., S. 72).

 

 

Richardson, Joseph M.:

CS-Pvt and Musician; Parker's Company, Virginia Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 42). Richardson wurde im Battle of 2nd Manassas verwundet (vgl. Priest: Antietam, a.a.O., S. 3).

 

 

Richardson, Robert V.:

CS-Col; Richardson's Cavalry stand am 22.11.1862 während Grant's First Vicksburg Campaign bei *Somerville / Süd-Tennessee in der Flanke Grant's (vgl. Bearss, Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., I 67-68).

 

 

Richardson, William:

US-+++; 7th Iowa Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Richardson, William: Letters (Iowa State Historical Department, Des Moines / Iowa)

 

 

Richardson, William O:

US-BrigGen; Co. F&S, 25th Regiment Ohio Infantry; Richardson trat als LtCol in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 89); befördert zum Col am 16.5.1862; verwundet am 3.5.1963 im Battle of Chancellorsville; brevetted BrigGen 7.12.184, discharged 9.5.1866 (vgl. Foraker u.a., Ohio Roster Commission: Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, a.a.O., vol 3: 25th Ohio Regiment Infantry, S. 167).

 

William Pitt Richardson (May 25, 1824 - August 4, 1886)[3] was a Republican politician from the state of Ohio, USA. He was Ohio Attorney General in 1865. Richardson was born on May 25, 1824, at Washington County, Pennsylvania. He entered Washington Col­lege in 1841, and graduated in 1844. He was then a teacher, and remained so after moving to Ohio. He enlisted as a private in the Third Ohio Infantry in 1846, and served in the Mexican-American War. In 1852, he was elected Prosecuting Attorney of Monroe County, Ohio, and held that office until 1861. During the Civil War, he enlisted as a Major in the 25th Ohio Infantry, was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and Colonel. On May 2, 1863, at the Battle of Chancellorsville, he was wounded and lost use of his right arm. In 1864, he was elected Ohio Attorney General, but resigned after less than a year, replaced by Chauncey N. Olds of Franklin Coun­ty being appointed by Governor Brough. He was Brevetted Brigadier General in December, 1864. The same year, he was named commander of the military prison at Camp Chase in Columbus, and was later Collector of Internal Revenue for the Fifteenth (Ohio) district. He died at New Castle, Indiana August 4, 1886, and was interred at Oak Grove Cemetery in Marietta, Ohio. His granddaugh­ter, Rhea, was the mother of the famous American film director John Huston and grandmother of the actors Anjelica Hu­ston and Danny Huston (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_P._Richardson).

 

Photo:

BrigGen William O. Richardson (vgl.  Reid, Whitelaw (1895) Ohio in the War Her Statesmen Generals and Soldiers, 1,Cincinnati: The Robert Clarke Company, p. 951)

 

 

Richardson, William W.:

CS-Senior 2ndLt; Co. B., 26th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 33).

 

1837 - † gef. 1.7.1863 bei McPherson's Ridge, Battle of Gettysburg (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 6.10.2016).

 

Richardson was a resident of Union County, North Carolina when he volunteered into the 26th North Carolina Infantry on June 5, 1861. He was mustered into Company B and served as a Private. His military career was advanced on January 30, 1862 when he was promoted to Sergeant. A promotion to Second Lieutenant occurred on January 5, 1863. At Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, † kia 1.7.1863 during the violent effort to gain McPherson Ridge. He was 28 years old (vgl. http://www.fin­dagrave.com, Abruf vom 6.10.2016).

 

 

Ricker, Elbridge G.:

US-Major, 5th Ohio Cavalry (vgl. Bearss, Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., I 99).

 

Ricker’s Battalion der 5th Ohio Cavalry in einer Stärke von 400 Mann war der 5th Division BrigGen William T. Sherman zugeord­net. Am Vorabend der Schlacht von Shiloh wurde das die 5th Ohio Cavalry in der Nach vom 2.4./3.4.1862 zur Aufklärung zusammen mit der 54th Ohio Infantry eingesetzt, die einen Hinterhalt bei Jack Greer's House am Lick Creek legte (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 133 mit Karte S. 103). Am 4.4.1862 gegen 3:30 pm wurde Ricker’s Battalion von der 5th Ohio Cavalry bei Jack Chamber’s House an der Ridge Road südwestlich Shiloh Church zum Entsatz der 72nd Ohio Infantry eingesetzt (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 134). Infol­ge der Neugliederung der US-Artillery in Grant’s Army wurde Ricker’s Battalion am 5.4.1862 abgezogen, so daß Sherman’s Di­vision zunächst bis zum Abend des 5.4.1862 ohne Cavalry war (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 138).

 

Im Spätjahr 1862 gehörte die 5th Ohio Cavalry zur Cavalry-Brigade *Hatch in der unter Col Dickey zusammengefaßten Cavalry von Grant's Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vol. I S. 99). Nach dem überraschenden Rückzug der CS-Truppen von der Tallahatchie Line am 1.12.1862 erhielt die US-Cavalry von Grant's Army of the Tennessee unter Col *Dickey den Befehl, über den Tallahatchie nach Süden auf Oxford / Mississippi vorzustoßen, das am am 2.12.1862 genommen wurde (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vol. I S. 98 mit Karte S. 58), die Verfolgung anzutreten, wobei die 5th Ohio Cavalry 4th Illinois Caval­ry den Befehl erhielt, mit Teilen des Regiments unter LtCol William *McCulloch nordwestlich von Oxford die Zerstörung einer Ei­senbahnbrücke zu verhindern (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vol. I S. 96).

 

Ricker's Battalion führte den erfolgreichen flankierenden Gegenangriff bei *Water Valley / Mississippi am 3.12.1862 (vgl. Bearss, a.a.O., I 101).

 

Am 13.12.1862 erhielt Ricker's Battalion den Befehl, einen Vorstoß nach Grenada zu unternehmen, um hierdurch den gleichzeitig ge­führten Raid von Col *Dickey gegen die Mobile & Ohio Railroad durch Flankenschutz abzusichern (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg Cam­paign, a.a.O., vol. I S. 279).

 

 

Ricketts, James Brewerton:

US-MajGen; 1817-87; aus New York; West Point 1839 (16/31), Artillery; Mexikokrieg und Seminole War; 1852 Captain 1st US-Ar­tillery; Batterie-Chef im Battle of 1st Bull Run, dort verwundet und in Gefangenschaft geraten.

 

Auf dem Höhepunkt der Schlacht um Henry House Hill waren zwei Artilleriebat­terien der Union (Battery I. 1st U.S. Artillery James B. Ricketts' Battery und Griffin's Bat­tery) gerade dabei, Breschen in die Stellung der Konföderierten zu schießen (vgl. Tevis: Fighting Fourteenth, a.a.O., S. 26; vgl. auch Bennett: Musket and Sword, a.a.O., S. 19), als plötzlich rechts von zwei Geschützen aus dem 70 Meter entfernten Wald ein blaugekleidetes Regiment auftauchte. Die Artillerie hielt dieses Re­giment für die angeforderte Infanterie­verstärkung und stellte für einige verhängnisvolle Minuten das Feuer ein, während das Re­giment – das 33th Virginia aus Jacksons Bri­gade (umstritten, auch die 6th North Carolina und 2nd Mississippi Infantry reklamieren die Ausschaltung der Batterien) - die Muske­ten senkte und feuerte. Die Artilleriegeschütze wurden ausgeschaltet. Der Besitz der Kano­nen wurde zum Drehpunkt der Schlacht; Attacken und Gegenattacken wechselten einander ab. Die Kanonen wechselten mehrfach den Besitzer, bis die Koordination des Uni­onsangriffs auf diesem Teil des Schlachtfelds zusammenbrach.

 

Three times during the engagement of almost five hours the regiment occupied the spot opposite the „Henry“ House. On gaining this position for the third time it recaptured the guns of Rickett's battery, but for lack of support was obliged to abandon them (vgl. Tevis: Fighting Fourteenth, a.a.O., S. 26).

 

Zu8m fehlerhaften Einsatz der Battery schreibt der spätere LtCol Bennett: „It was a blunder to put the artillery in the lead, and could only have been made upon the supposition, that the rebels were demoralized. If it had taken position on the other side of the road, […], it would have had a screen of infantry to protect it. [….] The battery ventured so near the Confederate line of battle that the men were stricken down like grass before a scythe. They did not have a chance to unlimber before ohne half their number were killed or wounded ...“ (vgl. Bennett: Musket and Sword, a.a.O., S. 18-19).

 

Ricketts wurde verwundet, verlor ein Bein und fiel in Kriegsgefangenschaft (vgl. auch Bennett: Musket and Sword, a.a.O., S. 19).

 

Ricketts wurde 6 Monate später ausgetauscht; rückwirkend zum 21.7.1861 zum BrigGen befördert; Brigadekommandeur 1st Brigade in der Army of the Rappahannock; Divisions­kommandeur von Ord's Division vom 16.5-10.6.1862. Vom 26.6.-12.9.1862 war Ricketts Divisionskommandeur der 2nd Division im III. (McDowell's) Corps in Pope's neuaufgestellter Army of Virginia. Rickett's Divisi­on marschierte am 7. August 1862 auf Befehl Pope's zur Abwehr des Vorstoßes von Stonewall Jackson von Waterloo Bridge Rich­tung Culpeper und hatte am 8. August 1862 eine Position bei Colvins's Taverne inne (vgl. Stackpole: From Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 36 mit Karte). In den Schlachten von Cedar Mountain (9.8.1862) und 2nd Bull Run kommandierte er die 2nd Division des III. Corps (McDowell) von Pope's Army of Virginia vom 26.6.-12.9.1862; dabei kommandierte er das III. Corps am 5. und 6.9.1862 (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 699). Er führte die 2nd Divi­sion, I, Potomac vom 12.9. - 4.10.1862 in South Mountain und Antietam (vgl. dazu Sears: Landscape Turned Red, a.a.O., S. 181) bei der Ab­wehr von Lee's Maryland Campaign, in der Schlacht von Antietam verwundet. Anschließend eingesetzt in Kommissionen und Kriegsgerichtsverfahren bis 4.4.1864; dann Divisi­onskommandeur 3rd Division, VI, Potomac bis 8.7.1864 in den Schlachten von Wilderness, Spottsylvania, North Anna, Cold Harbor und Petersburg. An­schließend nach Washington beordert zur Abwehr von Ear­ly's Vormarsch im Shenandoah; kommandierte sodann 3rd Division, VI, Army of the Shenandoah vom 6. August - 19.10.1864. Rickett's kommandierte das VI. Corps vom 16. - 19.10.1864 in Cedar Moun­tain, wobei er der Schlacht zum 6. Mal verwundet wurde. Für seinen Einsatz in den Schlachten von 1st Bull Run, Cold Harbor, Cedar Creek wurde er zum BrigGen USA und MajGen USV mit Wirkung zum 1.8.1864 befördert. Nach Kriegsende blieb Rickett's in der Regular Army und im Rang eines MajGen USA 1867 in den Ruhestand versetzt (vgl. Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 699-700).

 

°° I 18.10.1840 mit Harriet Josephine Pierce Ricketts (1818 – 1854; Tochter von Col. Benjamin Kendrick Pierce and Josette La Framboise; Nichte von US-Präsident Franklin Pierce); °° II mit Fanny Lawrence Ricketts († 1900) (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

MajGen James Brewerton Ricketts and Fannie Ricketts (Photo von Matthew Brady) Mathew Brady - Library of Congress Prints

and Photographs Division. Brady-Handy Photograph Collection)

 

 

Rickettes, Robert Bruce:

US-Major; Co. F&S, 1st Regiment Pennsylvania Light Artillery; er trat als First Lieutenant ein das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 101); auch Ricketts (vgl. Craughwell: Greatest Brigade, a.a.O., S. 44). Als Captain eingesetzt im Battle of 1st Bull run; als CS-Snipers inside the Henry Farmhouse opened the fire and began to pick off the men in Blue, of Pennsylvania ordered his artillery to shell the House. Hierbei wurde die 85jährige Witwe Judith Carter Henry schwer verletzt; ihr wurde ein Fuß weggeris­sen und sie verblutete. Die Witwe hatte sich geweigert, ihr Haus zu verlassen (vgl. Craughwell: Greatest Brigade, a.a.O., S. 44).

 

 

Riddick, Richard H.:

CS-Col; im Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 war Riddick Regimentskommandeur der 34th North Carolina Infantry (Battles and Leaders Vol. II S. 496)

 

 

Riddle, Albert Gallantin:

Mitglied des US-Kongresses aus Ohio; Riddle stand dem War Department unter Stanton nahe (vgl. Eisenschiml, The Hidden Face, a.a.O., Invitation). Riddle war radikaler Gegner der Sklaverei im Süden. Riddle stimmte als einer von zwei Abgeordneten gegen die Crittenden-Johnson Resolutionen vom 22. und 25.7.1861 welche die Kriegsziele des Nordens, nämlich Fortsetzung der Sklaverei im Süden bei Erhalt der Union proklamierten. Für Riddle war Hauptkriegsziel die Abschaffung der Sklaverei (vgl. Catton: Terrible Swift Sword, a.a.O., S. 2; Riddle: Recollections, a.a.O., S. 42).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Riddle, Albert Gallantin: Recollections of War Times, 1895

 

 

Riddle, William:

US-Major; im Sommer 1863 war Riddle Mitglied im Stab von Reynold's I Army Corps (vgl. Sauers: Gettysburg. The Meade-Sickles Controversy, a.a.O., S. 19; vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 89).

 

 

Rider, Henry W.:

US-Captain; 12th New Infantry; Rider führte Co. D und E der 12th New York als Hauptquartiertruppe des V. Army Corps (MajGen George Sykes) in der Schlacht von Gettysburg (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg: The Second Day, a.a.O., S. 449).

 

 

Ridgely, James S.:

US-Collector of Internal Revenue (Steuerbehörde) des 2nd Districts von Baltimore. Er wurde 1863 von seinem Amt abgesetzt, offen­bar aufgrund einer Intrige. Die Verdächtigungen stammten von einem bei der Wahl unterlegenen Konkurrenten Mr. Stuart. Verschie­dene politische Würdenträger, darunter State Senator *Given, Edwin H. Webster und Henry W. Hoffman setzten sich bei Lincoln für die erneute Amtseinsetzung Ridgeley's ein (vgl. Basler: Collected Works of Lincoln, vol. VII, a.a.O., S. 75-76: Memorandum Lin­coln's vom 17.12.1863). Ridgely war ins das Amt als "Collector of Internal Revenue" 1863 eingesetzt worden, war aber nicht so aktiv in der Frage der Emanzipation, als eine eine Fraktion der Republikanischen Partei dies vorausgesetzt hatte. Er wurde deshalb ersetzt durch Joseph J. Stewart, dessen Nominierung durch den US-Senat am 24.1.1864 bestätigt wurde. Am 21.4.1864 wurde Ridgely, als Kompensation für den entzogenen Posten, als Tax Commissionar für North Carolina, vom US-Senat bestätigt (vgl. Basler, a.a.O., S. 76 Anm.).

 

 

Rigg, Edwin A:

US-Col 1st California Infantry Regiment April 1864 - December 1864; geb Jan 15, 1822 in Philadelphia / Pennsylvania - † 27.1.1882 Contention City, Arizona. He went to California in 1849, was a military officer in the American Civil War and the Apache Wars.By September, 1852, he was an employee of the San Francisco custom house.[2] Later that year he ran as a Whig for the office of City Tax Collector of San Francisco. He joined the Marion Rifles, an outstanding military unit of the California Militia and one of the ol­dest volunteer companies in the State. He became an officer on November 7, 1855, serving as a First Lieutenant. Became its Captain April 19, 1856, and was reelected December 17, 1856 and in 1861. On August 5, 1861, Captain Rigg with four other Militia Captains offered the services of their companies to the United States Government to protect the Overland Mail Route. Joined the 1st California Infantry, with many of his militia company August 15, 1861. He was made Captain of Company B, formed largely from men from the Marion Rifles and other militia companies in San Francisco and others recruited at Camp Latham, near Los Angeles. Promoted Major, 1st California Infantry, Sept. 5, 1861. He was sent to Fort Yuma to relieve Lt. Col. Joseph R. West as commander of Fort Yuma on November 26, 1861. While its commander he saw to the gathering of supplies of food and forage for the advance of the Ca­lifornia Column between the Fort and the Pima Villages with the help of Ammi M. White. Promoted Lt. Colonel commanding 1st California Infantry, on April 28, 1862 during the California Column march from Fort Yuma to Fort Barrett at the Pima Villages. After the Californians had recovered New Mexico Territory and captured Franklin, in West Texas, they settled into occupation garrisons and fought to defend the territories of Arizona and New Mexico and West Texas from Apache and Navaho raiders. In der Nachkriegs­zeit US-Offizier, 1st Lt 38th US Infantry, später bei der 25th US Infantry, von 1871-1877 Postmaster in Fort Craig (vgl. http://en.wiki­pedia.org/wiki/Edwin_A._Rigg ).

 

Rigg married seventeen-year-old Emma Antoinette Cooper November 26, 1862 in Mesilla, New Mexico, daughter of Hiram Cooper the superintendent of Hart’s Mill near El Paso.[6] Riggs daughter, Sarah Adelia Rigg, was born at Ft. Craig, NM, on Dec. 5, 1863 (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwin_A._Rigg ).

 

 

Riker, +++:

US-Col. 62nd New York Infantry (Anderson Zouaves); gefallen bei Mechanicsville am 4.7.1862 (vgl. Rhodes, Elisha Hunt:: All for the Union, a.a.O., S. 60)

 

 

Riley, Amos C.:

CS-Col; 1st Regiment Missouri Infantry; zunächst 1stLt Co. I (vgl. National Park Soldiers M380 Roll 12).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Bock, H. Riley: „Confederate Col. A. C. Riley. His Reports and Letters.“ Missouri Historical Quarterly, vol. LXXXV (January 1991), pp. 158-81

 

 

Riley, Robert:

US-Col, 75th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. Hamlin: Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 40). 1820 Hamilton County / Ohio - † geb. 2.5.1863 Battle of Chancellorsville. +++Schreibweise prüfen: Riley oder Reily+++

 

The son of Revolutionary War veteran and Ohio civil servant John Reilyand his wife Nancy (née Hunter), Robert was born in Ha­milton County /Ohio. Reily was the founder of the village of Wyoming, Ohio. When civil war broke out in 1861, Reily joined the 75th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He was mustered in as a major, but was promoted to lieutenant colonel and then to colonel. During the Battle of Chancellorsville, the 75th Ohio was part of the 2nd Brigade, 1st Division of the XI Corps in the Army of the Potomac. On May 2, 1863, Confederate General Robert E. Lee sent Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson and his corps on a 12-mile march around the Union lines with the hope of catching XI Corps by surprise (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Robert_ Reily).

 

At 4:30 in the afternoon, Colonel Reily had heard reports of a Confederate movement in his direction. Unlike many top commanders, such as the XI Corps commander Major General Oliver O. Howard, Reily did not dismiss them. He prepared the 75th Ohio for an at­tack he knew was coming. He had his men lie down, rest by their weapons and wait for the attack. Within a half hour, Jackson's 12,000 Confederate soldiers rushed out of the thick underbrush. Most of the XI Corp was taken by surprise and broke for the rear wi­thout firing a shot. As other men of the XI Corp ran by in a panic, the 75th Ohio stood and fired back at the Confederates. They kept up the fire for ten minutes until the Confederates had overwhelmed their lines, forcing them to retreat. In those ten minutes, Colonel Reily was killed and 150 other men of the 75th Ohio were killed or wounded (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Robert_ Reily).

 

Reily was buried in Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati, Ohio, in Section 46, Lot 39 (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Robert_ Reily).

 

 

Riley, Thomas:

US-Pvt; er stammt aus Irland; Co D 1st Louisiana Cavalry. Medal of Honor am 8.6.1898 für seinen 'Einsatz bei Fort Blakely, Ala. am 4.4.1865. Citation: Captured the flag of the 6th Alabama Cavalry.

 

Ripley, Edward H.:

US-BrigGen; zunächst Captain Co. B, 9th Vermont Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M557 Roll 11), dann Col 9th Ver­mont Infantry

 

Commissioned Captain Co. B, 9th Regiment Vermont Infantry Volunteers, June 20, 1862; mustered into the United States service July 9, 1862; promoted Major, March 20, 1863; Lieutenant-Colonel, May 16, 1863; Colonel May 22, 1863; Brevet Brigadier-General USV, August 1, 1864; wounded September 29, 1864. Mustered out of service June 13, 1865. Commanded post at Newport Barracks, N.C., spring and summer of 1864. Commanded the Second Brigade, Second Division, Eighteenth Corps, on the Bermuda Hundred, Va., front; also the First Brigade, Third Division, Twenty-Fourth Corps, on the Richmond, Va., front. Brigadier General Edward H. Ripley led the federal brigade into Richmond after the surrender of General Lee's army. He left Union college in the second year of the civil war and raised a company, going to the front as its captain and winning rapid promotion by distinguished conduct. After the war, General Ripley became prominent in New York financial circles. He was founder and director of the United States and Brazil steamship line and built the Rariton River railroad (vgl. http://vermontcivilwar.org).

 

Photo:

Carte de visite of Edward Hastings Ripley Photograph taken in Richmond, Va., in Feb. 1865, Bennington Museum

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Mollus (Military Oder of the Loyal Legion of the US, Commandery New York): „In Memory of Edward Hastings Ripley“, New York 1915 (Internet-Veröffentlichung Reynolds Historical Genealogy Collection: https://archive.org/stream/inmemoryofedward00 mili/inmemoryofedward00mili_djvu.txt). s. auch Reprint

- Ripley, Edward H.: „Memories of the Ninth Vermont at the Tragedy of Harper's Ferry, Sept. 15, 1862“, Personal Recollections of the War of the Rebellion (New York 1912)

- Ripley, Edward H.: Papers. Bennington Museum, Bennington/Vermont, OCLC 641616157

 

 

Ripley, James Wolfe:

US-Col; 1794-1870; aus Connecticut; West Point 1814 (12/30); US-Berufsoffizier, Artillery; Teilnahme am amerikanisch/englischen *Krieg von 1812; Seminole War; danach Dienst als Arsenal and Armory Superintendent; BrigGen USA und Chief of Ordnance 3.8.1861 (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 700). Ripley war 1861 Abteilungsleiter im US-Kriegsministerium und leitete das Ordnance Depart­ment. Er vertrat hinsichtlich der Infantriewaffen eine konservative Ansicht, lehnte das Hinterlader-Gewehr ab und stand der Mi­nié-Rifle kritisch gegenüber, und kritisierte hierbei auch den hohen Munitionsverbrauch der neuen Waffen (vgl. Nosworthy, Bloody Cru­cible, a.a.O., S. 180-182).

 

 

Ripley, Roswell Sabine.:

CS-BrigGen; er stammte aus Ohio; West Point 1843 (7/39); he served in garrison, and on coastal surveys, taught mathematics at West Point, and fought in the Mexican War as an artillery officer (2 brevets) and the Seminole War before resigning in 1853. Settling in South Carolina, he was in business and active in the state militia when named Major of S.C. Ord. in 1860 as LtCol CSA he comman­ded the reconditioned Forts Moultrie and Sumter and on 15.8.1861 was appointed BrigGen (vgl. Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 700).

 

Pemberton succeeded to command of South Carolina in 1862, and Ripley asked to be relieved after they had a difference of opinion. Serving under Beauregard, he again argued again with his superiors, and Cooper wanted to replace him in Oct. 1861. That Plan was overruled by Pres. Davis, and Lee gave him a brigade under Hill (vgl. Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 700-701).

 

Während Lee's Maryland Campaign vom September 1862 war BrigGen Ripley Brigadekommandeur von Ripley's Brigade Daniel H. Hill's Division in Stonewall Jackson's Army Corps (vgl. Hill: The Battle of South Mountain, B & L vol. II S. 567) im Battle of South Mountain am 14.9.1862. Anschließend am 17.9.1862 im Battle of Antietam war Ripley's Brigade im Rahmen von D. H. Hill's Divisi­on eingesetzt im Confederate Center an der Bloody Lane (vgl. Krick: Sharpsburg Bloody Lane; in Gallagher: Antietam Campaign, a.a.O., S. 224 ff).

 

Ripley's Brigade umfaßte bei Antietam: 4th Georgia Infantry, 44th Georgia Infantry, 1th North Carolina Infantry, 3rd North Carolina Infantry (vgl. Priest: Antietam, a.a.O., S. 329).

 

Am 14.9.1862 im Battle of South Mountain hatte Ripley seine Brigade at the top of the mountain on the eastern edge of Turner's Gap , north of the National Pike, angehalten (vgl. Priest: Battle of South Mountain, a.a.O., S. 177). Divisionskommandeur MajGen D.H. Hill setzte nunmehr seine Brigaden persönlich ein. He found General Ripley in the Old Sharpsburg Road. Hill ordered Ripley to ex­tend his line and George B. Anderson's Brigade farther to the right (west) until they came in contact with Col Thomas Rosser's dis­mounted 5th Virginia Cavalry and Captain John Pelham's artillery. Hill explained, that „Tige“ Anderson's Georgians and Drayton's brigades were coming up upon his left flank. Hill needed room to put them into line. Once they formed, Ripley would assume com­mand of the four brigades, was to left wheel up the mountainside and drive the Yankees from the crest. Without waiting for the two new brigades to arrive or to advise either Col Rosser and Captain Pelham of the intended move, the four officers went their own di­rections. Ripley returned to his two brigades (vgl. Priest: Battle of South Mountain, a.a.O., S. 187 mit Karte S. 189: Ripley begins the grand maneuver bei Fox's Gap). To the Southeast at Fox's Gap, Roswell Ripley waited until „Tige“ Anderson's brigade connected with his left, then advanced his column by the right flank west until it came to the intersection of the Old Sharpsburg Road and the crossroad near D. Hutzel's (vgl. Priest: Battle of South Mountain, a.a.O., S. 190 mit Karte S. 189: Ripley begins the grand maneuver bei Fox's Gap). At that point, some one thousand yards west of the Wood Road, Ripley diverted his command south. At the time he started his maneuver, Drayton's brigade had not come up yet. „Tige“ Anderson's Georgia regiments and Ripley's left regiments were still in the Old Sharpsburg Road more than nine hundred feet from the Wood Road when the lead regiment of Drayton's brigade arri­ved near the top of the gap. As the firing broke out behind them,m Ripley's men continued south onto the byroad and left Drayton's men to their fate (vgl. Priest: Battle of South Mountain, a.a.O., S. 190 mit Karte S. 189: Ripley begins the grand maneuver bei Fox's Gap). D. H. Hill recollected bitterly „... he was progressing finely […] to the rear of the mountain on the west side“ (vgl. Priest: Batt­le of South Mountain, a.a.O., S. 190). Drayton war mit seiner Brigade auf der Old Sharpsburg Road überraschend auf Cox's Ohio Brigade gestoßen und befand sich ostwärts der Wood Road (vgl. Priest: Battle of South Mountain, a.a.O., S. 190 mit Karten S. 189 und S. 192), während Ripley in dessen Rücken nach Süden vorstieß (vgl. Priest: Battle of South Mountain, a.a.O., S. 196).

 

Im Battle of Antietam wurde Ripley verwundet. After his recovery, he was again sent to South Carolina at the request of Beauregard and Pickens, and was given command of 1st Arty. Dist. in Charleston. His fractious disposition once more embroiled him in argu­ments, and Beauregard offered him to J. E. Johnston in June 1863 as „an excellent field officer“. Ripley retained his S.C. Command, however and in Nov. 1864 the citizens of Charleston and Gov. Bonham objected to his possible removal. After the city's capture je joined the army of the West,. Meeting Johnston at Bentonville and then returned to S.C.. Going to England immediately after the war, he was in manufacturing until the operation failed. He the returned to Charleston and New York City (vgl. Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 701).

 

14.3.1823 Worthington, Franklin County/Ohio - † 29.3.1887 New York; beerd. Magnolia Cemetery, Charleston/SC; °° mit Alicia Middleton Ripley (1824-1899) (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 20.7.2016).

 

Photo:

- Warner: Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 257

 

 

Ripley, William Y. W.:

US-LtCol, 1st US Sharpshooters

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Ripley, William Y. W.: Vermont Riflemen in the War of the Union: A History of Company F, First United States Sharp Shooters (Rutland / Vermont, 1983)

 

 

Ritchie, David F.:

US-Major, 1st New York Lt Artillery. Ritchie served first with the 14th NY Volunteers, then with Batteries "A" (The Empire Battery), "C" and "H" of the 1st New York Light Artillery. Breveted Major for heroism at Petersburg, his description of the Battle Seven Pines is one of the best in the annals of Civil War artillery.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Ritchie, David F. (Major, 1st NY Lt Artillery): Four Years in the First New York Light Artillery: The Papers of David F. Ritchie (Ed­monston Publishing, 1997). Edited by Norman Ritchie

 

 

Ritter, Israel D.:

US-Pvt; Co. D, 24th Regiment Iowa Infantry. Teilnahme an Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 1863; in McClernand's XIII Army Corps, 12th Division BrigGen Alvin P. Hovey, 2. Brigade Col James S. Slack; Regimentskommandeur Col E. C. Byam; Marsch zur Umge­hung von *Grand Gulf auf der Westseite des Mississippi in Louisiana von Coffee's Point bis zum Ufer gegenüber *Bruinsburg im April 1863 (vgl. Bearss, Edwin Cole: The Vicksburg Campaign, Vol. II, a.a.O, Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik44d2, S. 317-18; Karte: Da­vis Nr. 155 D6,

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Bearss, Edwin Cole: The Vicksburg Campaign, Vol. II, a.a.O, S. 318

- **Ritter, Israel D. (Pvt; Co. D, 24th Iowa Infantry): Diary. Private in 24th Iowa Infantry, Company D, 10.9.1862-31.5.1863; files Vicksburg National Military Park

 

 

Rives, Alfred L.:

CS-LtCol; in August 1863 Rives became acting chief of the Engineer Bureau (vgl. Eicher: Longest Night, a.a.O., S. 409).

 

 

Rives, William Cable:

Politiker aus Virginia. Rives hatte mit Edmund Ruffin gemeinsam am William & Mary College studiert, beide kannten sich lange Jahre. Ruffin lehnte Rives wegen dessen moderater politischer Haltung ab und vermied den Kontakt zu ihm (vgl. Ruffin, Diary II S. 11). Rives gehörte im März 1861 einer Runde von Politikern aus den Border-States an, die Lincoln unmittelbar nach seiner Ankunft in Washington zu einem Gespräch über die aktuelle Lage ins White House eingeladen hatte (vgl. Nevins: Ordeal for the Union, The Improvised War, a.a.O., S. 46). Nach der Sezession Virginias am 17.4.1861 änderte Rives, wie viele andere seine Meinung und stand treu zum Heimatstaat Virginia, wie er Ruffin bei einem zufälligen Treffen am 26.4.1861 mitteilte (vgl. Ruffin, a.a.O., S. 467). Am 29.4.1861 wählte die Virginia Convention Rives und vier weitere Abgeordnete als Delegierte in den provisorischen CSA-Congress (vgl. Ruffin, a.a.O., S. 13, 220). Rives kandidierte am 24.1.1862 als Senator für Virginia im CSA-Senat, erlitt jedoch bei der Wahl der Senatoren in beiden Häusern des Virginia Parlaments eine entscheidende Niederlage, worüber sich Ruffin hoch erfreut zeigte (vgl. Ruffin, a.a.O., S. 223). Auch eine erneute Kandidatur am 17.1.1863 scheiterte (vgl. Ruffin, a.a.O., S. 536, 538). Ruffin bezeichnete Rives als "turn-coat" (Wendehals) und Verräter und sprach die Hoffnung aus, daß mit dieser Niederlage die politische Karriere Rives' beendet sei (vgl. Ruffin, a.a.O., S. 538).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Rives, William Cable: Papers, Library of Congress, Washington / DC

 

 

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