Version 6.4.2017

 

Litera C (Ci-Co)

 

Cilley, C. H.:

CS-Col; Cilley was Assistant Adjutant General under Van Derveer and was appointed by N. Carolina's Governor to head the Battle­field Commission. After the war he moved to the state and made it his adopted home. He authored the section on Chickamauga in Vo­lume V in Clark, Walter, ed. Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-65: Writ­ten by Members of the Respective Commands. 5 vols (Goldsboro, N.C.: E. M. Uzzell (vol. 1); Raleigh, N.C.: Nash Brothers, 1901).

 

 

Clack, Franklin H.:

CS-Major; Louisiana Confederate Guards Response Battalion; Louisiana-Gouverneur Thomas O. *Moore stellte auf Anforderung von Beauregard vom 21.2.1862 ca 1500 Mann Militia auf, die für 90 Tage mit Zustimmung des CS-War-Departments eingezogen wurden; die Truppen umfaßten die Washington Artillery (5th Co.), Orleans Guard Artillery, Orleans Guard Battalion, Crescent Re­giment und Confederate Guards Response Battalion (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 61).

 

Die Einheit gehörte im Battle of Shiloh zum II. Army Corps MajGen Braxton Bragg 1st Division BrigGen Daniel Ruggles 2nd Briga­de BrigGen Patton Anderson (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 321). Am Morgen des 6.4.1862 Teilnahme am Angriff von Anderson’s Brigade auf die 5th US-Division Sherman’s südlich Shiloh Church (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 167 mit Karte S. 166).

 

 

Claiborne, John Francis Hamtramck:

1809-1884; J.F.H. Claiborne was a lawyer, U.S. Representative, editor, planter, and historian of Mississippi and Louisiana. The collection has relatively few items pertaining to Claiborne's personal activities but includes letters he wrote while a law student in Wytheville, Va.; records of the 1842-1843 commission on Choctaw Indian claims; a few papers of Governor John Anthony Quitman; diary of Willis Herbert Claiborne as a Confederate officer at Vicksburg in April-July 1863; J. L. Power's notes on the Mississippi secession convention; materials collected by Claiborne in preparation of his history of Mississippi, among them biographical and autobiographical material on prominent leaders; and writings of Claiborne and others on a wide variety of contemporary and historical subjects.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Claiborne, J. F. H.: Papers; Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Collection Number 00151

- **Claiborne, J. F. C.: „The Secession Convention“; in: J. F. H. Claiborne Papers Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

 

 

Clanton, James Holt:

CS-BrigGen; Kommandeur Clanton’s Brigade of Alabama Cavalry; 1862 Col 1st Alabama Cavalry (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 69).

 

Das Regiment gehörte im Battle of Shiloh zum II. Army Corps MajGen Braxton Bragg 2nd Division BrigGen Jones M. Withers 3rd Brigade BrigGen John K. Jackson (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 321). Bei der Ablösung der 19th Alabama Infantry von Sicherungs­aufgaben bei Monterey durch Randal Gibson’s Brigade (II. Army Corps MajGen Braxton Bragg 1st Division BrigGen Daniel Rug­gles 1st Brigade Col Randal L. Gibson) bildete die 1st Alabama Cavalry den Screening Schirm (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 116).

 

Clanton versuchte mit 200 Kavalleristen während *Rousseau’s Raid nach Alabama im Juli 1864 die US-Truppen am Übergang über den Coosa-River zu hindern. Clanton stammte aus einer reichen Plantagenbesitzerfamilie und wuchs bei Callebee Creek / Alabama auf. Clanton war Freiwilliger und Veteran des Mexiko-Krieges, dann Rechtsanwalt und arbeitete in der Alabama Verwaltung. Er war gegen die Sezession, folgte aber nach Kriegsbeginn der Sache des Südens, hob auf eigene Kosten eine Company aus und wurde zum Colonel des 1st Alabama Cavalry Regiment gewählt; er wird als „gallant to rashness“ charakterisiert. Er war seinen Vorgesetzten ein unbequemer Untergebener. Nach einer Auseinandersetzung mit CS-Gen Braxton Bragg, trat er zurück und bat um Versetzung nach Nord-Virginia. Stattdessen wurde er Brigadekommandeur einer gemischten Brigade in Alabama und zum BrigGen ernannt (Evans, Sherman’s Horsemen, a.a.O., S. 110). Nach einer Revolte in seiner Brigade, deren Soldaten mehrheitlich unionistisch gesinnt waren, geriet er in den Ruch der politischen Unzuverlässigkeit, obwohl er im Kriegsgerichtsverfahren freigesprochen wurde. Nach Auflö­sung seiner Brigade wurde er zunächst in den Stab von Leonidas Polk versetzt, wo er sich bei der Evakuierung der Artillerie über den Etowah River gegen Sherman’s Angriff auszeichnete. Nachdem Gen. Polk am 14.6.1864 gefallen war, wurde Clanton von Gen. Joe Johnston als unzuverlässig und ungeeignet auf einen abgelegenen Posten in den Blue Mountain / Nordalabama versetzt, wo er eine kleine Brigade bestehend aus 6th und 8th Alabama Cavalry kommandierte.

 

Als Clanton vom Erscheinen der Truppen Rousseau’s am Coosa River erfuhr, griff er mit Teilen der 6th Alabama Cavalry energisch trotz der Unterlegenheit seiner Truppen im Morgengrauen an der Fährstelle bei Greensport/Coosa River an (Karte Davis Nr. 119, Karte bei Evans, a.a.O., S. 99; Gefechtskarte bei Evans S. 112), nachdem er zuvor alles unternommen hatte, um seine weiteren Kräfte zusammenzuziehen (Evans, a.a.O., S. 111).

 

Clanton wurde nach dem Krieg von einem früheren Unionsoffizier, David M. Nelson, in Knoxville Tennessee 1871 erschossen (vgl. Evans, Sherman’s Horsemen, a.a.O., S. 508 Anm. 23 m.w.N.).

 

Photo:

- Evans, Sherman’s Horsemen, a.a.O., S. 111.

 

 

Clare, William:

US-Pvt; er soll Pvt im 83rd Regiment New York Infantry sein (vgl. Gottfried: Brigade at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 69); im Katalog der Duke University (vgl. Duke University, Manuscript Department of the William R. Perkins Library) auf das sich Gottfried bezieht (vgl. Gottfried: Brigade at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 77n35), ist aufgeführt: „WILLIAM KEA­TING CLARE PAPERS, 1863. (39 items.) Letters of a Civil War soldier, originally from Ireland, who served in the 9th New York State Militia. His letters describe camp life and the battle of Gettysburg“. Als ' 9th New York State Militia' wurde das 83rd Regiment New York Infantry bezeichnet.

 

Im Register der National Park Soldiers Sammlung ist kein William Clare vom 83rd Regiment New York Infantry genannt; dort werden genannt: William Clare (145th Regiment New York Infantry), William Clare (10th Regiment New York Infantry), William Clare (97th Regiment New York Infantry) (vgl. National Park Soldiers). Auch im Roster des 83rd Regiment New York Infantry wird kein William Clare genannt (vgl. Annual Report of the Adjutant-General of the State of New York for the Year: Registers of the 83rd Regiment New York Infantry).

 

 

Clark, Achilles V.:

CS-Sgt; Forrest's Cavalry; Teilnahme am Massacre von Fort Pillow am 12.4.1864 (Bericht in Clark's Letter vom 14.4.1864; Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 93).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Clark, Achilles V.: Letters (Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville)

 

 

Clark, Caroll Henderson:

CS-2ndLt; Co. I, 16th Regiment Tennessee Infantry; er trat als Pvt in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M231 Roll 8; vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 403).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Clark, Caroll Henderson: Memoir (Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville / Tennessee)

 

 

Clark, Charles:

CS-BrigGen; 1811-1877; im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh war Clark Divisionskommandeur der 1st Division I. Army Corps MajGen Leonidas Polk in A. S. Johnston's Army of the Mississippi. Teilnahme am Battle of Shiloh am 6.4.1862. Clark führte persön­lich den Angriff der 12th Tennessee Infantry und der 13th Tennessee Infantry am Morgen des 6.4.1862 über Rea Field auf Battery E 1st Illinois Light Artillery (Waterhouse’ Battery). Hierbei gelang es der 12th Tennessee Infantry zusammen mit der 13th Tennessee Infantry die 57th Ohio Infantry 500 Yards zurück zu treiben. Clark erlitt hierbei eine schwere Schulterwunde (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 168).

 

Clark erholte sich von seiner Verwundung, wurde jedoch vier Monate später im Battle von Baton Rouge erneut schwer verwundet und fiel in Kriegsgefangenschaft. Er war in der Folge auf die Benützung einer Krücke angewiesen. Aufgrund seiner Dienstunfähig­keit schied er nach seiner Freilassung aus der Army am 31.10.1863 aus und wurde im Spätjahr 1863 zum Governor von Mississippi gewählt. (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 168; Boatner, a.a.O., S. 156).

 

 

Clark, Charles M.:

US-Surgeon; 39th Illinois Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- *Clark, Charles M.: The History of the Thirty-Ninth Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865 (Chicago 1889, First Edition; Reprint Heritage Books); 419 pp, Index, Rosters, Photos and Illustrations

 

 

Clark, Gardner B.:

US-Captain; Co. C, 1st US-Sharpshooters (Berdan’s Sharpshooters) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M1290 Roll 1); wounded Battle of Gettysburg (vgl. Stevens: Berdan’s US-Sharpshooters in the Army of the Potomac, a.a.O., S. 344); 1935 - † 8.5.1912, buried Oakhill Cemtery, Grand Rapids / Michigan; °° Jane Baxter Clark (vgl. findagrave.com, Abruf 9.10.2016).

 

Clark, George:

CS-+++

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Clark, George: A Glance Backward, or Some Events in the Past History of My Life (Houston: Press of Rein & Sons Company, 1914)

- Clark, Georg: "Wilcox's Alabama Brigade at Gettysburg." Confederate Veteran 17 (1909): 229-230

 

 

Clark, Henry J. B.:

aus Washington/DC - † +++; CS-Col, Special Battalion North Carolina Militia.

 

Im Battle of New Bern am 13.3.1862 eingesetzt. BrigGen Branch positioned his troops to defend the line at Fort Thompson. On his left, between the fort and the Beaufort Road, he placed the 27th and 37th North Carolina (Col Charles C. *Lee). Colonel C. C. *Lee commanded the left wing. His right wing, led by Col. Reuben Campbell, consisted of the 7th North Carolina Infantry (Col. Reuben *Campbell) and 35th North Carolina, Latham’s and Brem’s batteries (minus one section), an independent company of infantry, and the militia battalion under Col. H. J. B. Clark. The right wing covered the area between Beaufort Road and the brick kiln on the rail­road. Extending Campbell’s wing to the right of the railroad were the 26th North Carolina, the 2nd North Carolina Cavalry, a section of Brem’s artillery, and “one or two detached companies.” The 33rd North Carolina served as Branch’s only reserve for his thinly spread front line (vgl. McGee, David H.: 26th North Carolina Regimental History, http://www.26nc.org/History/26th-Regimen­tal-History/26th, S.24).

 

OR 9, S. 268 No. 30. Report of Colonel H. J. B. Clark, Special Battalion North Carolina Militia.

HDQRS. NORTH CAROLINA MILITIA, SPECIAL BATTALION,

Kinston, N. C., March 17, 1862.

SIR: In compliance with your instructions, received at New Berne 9 p.m. March 13, to report to Colonel Campbell at his headquar­ters, at Fort Thompson breastworks, I respectfully report that I repaired forthwith to that place, accompanied by Major Joseph N. Jo­nes, but did not find Colonel Campbell.

Major Jones called at Colonel Vance's encampment and was informed there that Colonel Campbell had gone in the direction of New Berne.

Proceeding thence to New Berne, by way of Colonel Lee's encampment, went to Colonel Campbell's encampment, and reported, in his absence, to Lieutenant Colonel E. G. Haywood, who directed me to report for duty at the depot of the Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad in New Berne on the following day, 5 a.m. The company was promptly reported and left New Berne at 8 a.m., and arriving at the breastworks was assigned position.

On the following morning, March 14, my command was placed in line of battle, numbering 264,20 having been detailed for hospital duty and 45 to aid Lieutenant Hawks in mounting cannon on the right of the breastworks. These last were forced from the works by the enemy's sharpshooters and came to the ranks after the action commenced.

As soon as the firing commenced the ground in front of me was so obscured by smoke that I could see but a short distance, and as fi­ring had commenced on my left with guns of longer range, as soon as I thought the enemy within reach of my guns commenced the fire by file, which order was promptly obeyed with coolness and determination. After firing three rounds I commanded the fire to cease. Soon after the smoke cleared away and the enemy were plainly seen drawn up in force on our right, and a company of sharps­hooters commenced pouring a fire into our rear, doing considerable execution and causing confusion in my ranks, but an order to ral­ly and take position was promptly obeyed, and calmness restored by the assurance that you would soon send re-enforcements; but the fire was continued on us and with redoubled energy, while they (the enemy) crossed the railroad, took possession of the rifle pits on our right and rear, and planted the Stars and Stripes.

Previous to this, however, they had fire upon a reconnoitering party I sent in that direction and upon the quartermaster and teamsters I had sent to recover the ammunition.

I at once time intended to leave the breastworks and charge upon the enemy, and for this purpose caused bayonets to be fixed; but when I saw the sharpshooters were supported by so large a force of the enemy, concluded that such attempt would result in great loss of life to my command without being able to effect corresponding good to our cause, and just as Colonel Vance poured his first fire into the enemy, a panic seized my command and part of them broke ranks.

Believing it impossible to reform under the fire of these sharpshooters at this moment of confusion I commanded a retreat in order, which was succeeded by a stampede of most of command. As soon as they had reached a small brush-wood, perhaps 60 yards distant, I ordered a rally and reformation of the line, in which I was promptly aided by every officer present to my view and for the moment thought I should succeed, but the cry was made that the regulars had retreated; the panic was renewed and increased and my influ­ence as a commander gone.

A few, perhaps 20 in all, with their officers, rallied and volunteered to return and obey my orders; but believing it would involve a sa­crifice of life to them, being untutored, as we were, in the art of war, I declined to do so, and in my efforts to rally others to join them became separated from these.

In the retreat I joined you at the railroad crossing, when you proposed to rally and cover the retreat. There I rallied a squad of the Athens Guards and Cow Creek Volunteers, with most of their officers; but soon the retreating column came on and this joined with them.

Leaving you there I went, together with Adjutant Roberts and Lieutenant Mitchell, to burn the tents at Colonel Lee's encampment. From this point we went to Trent (Clairmont) Bridge and found Major Hall making an effort to reform a regiment, and at his request took position on the bridge, to prevent soldiers passing, and remained there until an officer, said to be Lieutenant Burrows, took char­ge. At the close of the day I parted with you at Tuscarora, having received orders to rally my command and report at this place.

I have made as accurate report to Colonel Campbell of the number of my command in action, of the number killed, wounded, and missing, as I could gather from the commanders of companies. It is believed there were certainly 4 killed and 15 wounded, and there are many missing.

Respectfully,

H. J. B. CLARK,

Colonel, Commanding.

Brigadier General L. O'B. BRANCH,

District of Pamlico.

 

Henry J. B. Clark kannte das Gefechtsgelände bestens. °° 4.10.1837mit Mathilda D. Clark (Tochter des Ziegelfabrikanten Elijah Clark). Elijah Clark owned one of the earliest brick companies. A large abandoned clay pit identified in The Whitford Papers, was lo­cated in New Bern near Lawson’s Creek. Elijah Clark’s daughter, Matilda D. Clark, married Henry J. B. Clark (not related) of Wa­shington, NC on October 4, 1837 in Craven County. Henry Clark also served as an officer in the Confederate army and saw action in the battle of New Bern. Henry and Matilda Clark are buried in the Cedar Grove cemetery in New Bern. Henry Clark supplied the brick for the First Baptist Church on Middle Street in New Bern in the 1840s. At some point before 1860, the brick making operation was moved to an area west of New Bern where clay was suitable and obtainable. This area eventually became known as Clarks. One of the earliest known records is the Guion Map of 1864, showing Clark’s brickyard, along the Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad, eight miles west of New Bern (aus http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com).

 

 

Clark, Hermon:

US-2ndLt; Co. D, 117th Regiment New York Infantry; im Alter von 24 J, Clark enrolled 8.8.1862 at Sangerfield, to serve three years; mustered in as a corporal, Co. D on 13.8.1862; promoted sergeant 15.1863, first sergeant 1.2.1865; mustered in as 2ndLt 16.3.1865; mustered out with company, 8.6.1865 at Raleigh/NC (vgl. Report of Adjutant-General of New York, a.a.O., S. 528, Roster 117tr Regiment New York Infantry).

 

Clarke served with the 117th for 34 months and wrote 72 letters in which he reported his experi­ences of the war and battle fighting with the 117th at Bermuda Hundred, Drewry's Bluff, Petersburg, Fort Fisher, Charleston, and Wilmington.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Clarke, Hermon: Back Home in Oneida: Hermon Clarke and his Letters (Syracuse Univ, 1965); edited by Harry Jackson and Tom O'Donnell; 212 pp; Maps; Photos

 

 

Clark, J. Lyle:

s. J. Lyle Clarke

 

 

Clark, James Lemuel:

CS-Soldat (vgl. Josephy: The Civil War in the American West, a.a.O., S. 35)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Clark, James Lemuel: Civil War Recollections, ed. by L. D. Clark, Texas (A & M University Press, College Station, 1984)

 

 

Clark, John B.:

US-Col; Vorkriegszeit Pfarrer der Presbyterian Church. Regimentskommandeur 123rd Pennsylvania Infantry. Das Regiment gehörte seit Frühjahr 1862 zur Brigade von BrigGen Henry Shaw Briggs, und seit Herbst 1862 zur Division von BrigGen Andrew Atchinson Humphreys; Teilnahme am Angriff auf den Stonewall im Battle von Fredericksburg (vgl. Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 84, 99).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Pennsylvania Gazette vom 25.12.1862: "Letter from Col Clark"

 

 

Clark, John Bullock sen.:

CS-BrigGen (Missouri State Guard); 17.4.1802 in Madison County, Ky - 28.10.1881 in Frankfort; Sohn von Benett Clark und Mar­tha Bullock Clark; Neffe von Kentucky Governor James Clark und von Virginia Congressman Christopher Clark; die Familie zog 1818 nach Missouri; Studium der Jurisprudenz in Fayette, Howard County, Mo., anschließend erfolgreicher Rechtsanwalt; Politiker aus Missouri; Clark war 1823-25 County Treasurer; Clerk des County Court 1824-34 und State Representative 1850-51; 1840 kandi­dierte Clark für die Whig-Partei als Governor; später trat er aus der Whig-Party aus wegen deren Haltung in der Sklavenfrage und wurde Proslavery Democrat; für die Demokratische Partei wurde Clark 1857-1861 als Abgeordneter in den US-Congress ge­wählt; in der Vorkriegszeit MajGen der Missouri State Guard; Col. während des Black Hawk War; nach Kriegsausbruch BrigGen Missouri State Guard und Kommandeur im 3. Militärbezirk von Missouri 1861-62 (vgl. Allardice: More Generals in Grey, a.a.O., S. 59-60); Clark kämpfte bei Booneville (17.6.1861) und Wilson's Creek (10.8.1861) (vgl. Allardice: More Generals in Grey, a.a.O., S. 59-60; Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 82); zum Abgeordneten im Confederate Provisional Congress (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 82; Boatner, a.a.O., S. 156); Clark gewann die Wahlen zum First Confederate Senate und Second Confederate House; Streitigkei­ten mit dem im Exil befindlichen Missouri-Gouverneur Thomas *Reynolds führten zu Niederlage Clark's bei der erneuten Kandida­tur zum CS-Senat. Clark wurde allerdings gegen den Widerstand Reynold's mit den Stimmen der Truppen von General Sterling Pri­ce's Army erneut in das Confederate House of Representatives gewählt, wobei Price, ein entschiedener Gegner von Reynold's, Clark of­fen unterstützte. Clark blieb bis Kriegsende Abgeordneter in Richmond. Die US-Regierung setzte 1865 eine Prämie von 10000$ für die Ergreifung Clark's aus, dem jedoch die Flucht nach Mexiko gelang. Als er in der Annahme der Begnadigung sich zur Rückkehr entschloß und in Texas die Grenze überschritt, wurde Clark sofort festgenommen und in Fort Jackson inhaftiert. Mögli­cherweise von Präsident Johnson begnadigt, kehrte Clark erst 1870 nach Missouri zurück. Anschließend erneut Rechtsanwalt in Fa­yette, Mo. In den Wahlen zum US-Congress 1873 unterlag Clark gegen seinen eigenen Sohn John Bullock *Clark jun

 

Photos:

- Allardice: More Generals in Grey, a.a.O., S. 59 (Zeichnung)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Allardice: More Generals in Grey, a.a.O., S. 59-61

- Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 82, 87, 91, 96, 113, 213, 223

- Warner, Ezra J. and W. Buck Yearns: Biografical Register of the Confederate Congress (Baton Rouge, 1975); S. 49

- Stevens, Walter B.: Centennial History of Missouri (4 vols.; St. Louis, 1921); S. 859-60

 

 

Clark, John Bullock jr.:

CS-BrigGen; 1831-1903; aus Missouri; Sohn von John B. Clark; Graduate Missouri University, dann Harvard Law School; Rechts­anwalt; Lt in der Missouri State Guard; er befehligte eine Milizeinheit im Battle of Wilson's Creek; danach CS-Captain 6th Missouri Infantry; als CS-Major Teilnahme an den Schlachten Carthage (5.7.1861) und Springfield (25.10.1861). Col seit 1862; Briga­dekommandeur im Battle von Pea Ridge; CS-BrigGen 6.3.1864, eingesetzt unter Marmaduke und Shelby. Nachkriegszeit Rechtsan­walt und Abgeordneter im US-Congress 1873-83

 

 

Clark, Joseph C.:

US-Captain; im Frühjahr 1862 war Clark Batteriechef der Battery E 4th US-Artillery; eingesetzt im Battle of Kernstown am 23.3.1862 (vgl. LtCol Philipp *Daum's Report OR 12 [I] 359).

 

 

Clark, Leach:

US-+++, 36th Illinois Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Clark, Leach: "Dreams that Came to Pass: A Thirty-Sixth Illinois Soldier's Dream and Its Strange Fulfillment." Bivouac 2 (1884)

 

 

Clark, Myron:

US-Sergeant, Co. I, 14th Regiment Vermont Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M557 Roll 13).

 

 

Clark, Robert jr:

CS-+++; 20th Louisiana Infantry (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 167 i.V.m. S. 354 n5).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Clark, Robert jr.: “The New Orleans German Colony in the Civil War.” Louisiana Historical Quarterly, vol. XX (October 1937), S. 990-1015

 

 

Clark, Nathan S.:

US- +++klären+++20th Regiment Maine Infantry (vgl. Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 225n36).

 

Nathan S. Clark's diary claims, Col Josua Chamberlain gave the order of the last attack on Little Round Top, but his is clearly not a diary but a journal, written saome time after the battle and most likely after Chamberlain's report became public (vgl. Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 225n36).

 

 

Clark, Thomas:

US-Pvt; 56th New York Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Carr, James: Letters, 1862. Soldier in the 56th New York Regiment. Collection consists of two letters written by Carr and Thomas Clark, also of the 56th New York Regiment, in June 1862 from near the Chickahominy River, Virginia. Both letters are to a man na­med Robert. Carr's letter describes in detail the regiment's involvement in the Battle of Fair Oaks and Seven Oaks. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide - Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Depart­ment of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 90-035).

 

 

Clark, William:

Führer der *Lewis and Clark Expedition; Governor des Missouri Territoriums 1813-20, lebte in St. Louis bis zu seinem Tod 1838. 1820 kandidierte Clark erfolglos für das Amt des Governors des neuen Bundesstaats Missouri, unterlag jedoch Alexander McNair; Freund der Eltern der Julia *Grant Dent.

 

 

Clark, William T.:

US-++General;

 

 

Clarke, G. W.:

Indianeragent in Kansas 1854; Head of the Border Ruffians (vgl. Starr, Jennison's Jayhawkers, a.a.O., S. 8).

 

 

Clarke, George W.:

US-Major; quartermaster at Fort Smith (Sebastian County)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- George W. Clarke: Statement and settlement of accounts, 1861-1862; 1 roll. Statement analysis of the account of Major George W. Clarke, quartermaster at Fort Smith (Sebastian County), pointing out and explaining errors and discrepancies. Microfilm copy of ori­ginal documents held by the National Archives, Record Group 109, Collection of Confederate Records (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayette­ville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Clarke, Hermon:

s. Hermon *Clark

 

 

Clarke, Isaak L.:

US-LtCol; Co. G, 96th Regiment Illinois Infantry; zunächst Captain (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 16); Clarke stammte Waukegan, Lake County/Illinois; er hatte bei der Aufstellung des Regiment die Co. G aufgestellt, war deren Captain und wurde bei den Offizierswahlen nach der Aufstellung des Regiments im August 1861 zum LtCol gewählt (vgl. Partridge, Charles A.: History of the Ninety-sixth Regiment Ill. Vol. Inf., a.a.O., S. 31).

 

Clarke war in der Vorkriegszeit Schullehrer gewesen (vgl. Partridge, Charles A.: History of the Ninety-sixth Regiment Ill. Vol. Inf., a.a.O., S. 57).

 

Photo:

- Partridge, Charles A.: History of the Ninety-sixth Regiment Ill. Vol. Inf., a.a.O., nach S. 32

 

 

Clarke, J. Lyle:

CS-LtCol; Co. B., Weston's Battalion Maryland Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M379 Roll 1); später 21st Regiment Virginia In­fantry (vgl. Hinweis bei National Park Soldiers M379 Roll 1). CS-Captain, Co. B, 21st Regiment Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 11). Später CS-LtCol, Co. F&S, 30th Battalion Virginia Sharpshooters (Clarke's) (vgl. National Park Sol­diers M382 Roll 11).

 

Die Schreibweise seines Nachnamens ist unterschiedlich: Clarke bzw. Clark (vgl. Goldsborough: The Maryland Line in the Confede­rate Army, a.a.O., S. 9).

 

Clark stellte 1861 in Richmond eine Company aus Marylandern auf, die nach Virginia geflohen waren; diese Einheit wurde als Co. B in das 21st Regiment Virginia Infantry übernommen (vgl. Goldsborough: The Ma­ryland Line in the Confede­rate Army, a.a.O., S. 9-10).

 

 

Clarke, John W.:

CS-Major; im Juli 1863 war Clarke als engineer officer im Stab von James Longstreet's First Corps. Am frühen Morgen des 2.7.1863 in der Morgendämmerung wurde Captain Samuel R. Johnston, ein Engineer aus dem Stab von Gen Lee, von Gen Lee beauftragt, „to reconnoiter along the enemy's left and return as soon as possible“ (zitiert ohne Quellengabe bei Tru­deau: Gettysburg, a.a.O. S. 279). Beginning at 4 A.M., Johnston rode over the ground between Willoughby Run and Marsh Creek leading east toward Emmitsburg Pike. He examined the terrain between the pike and the Round Tops, rode over the slopes and over the crest of these knobs [Anm.: diese waren also am Morgen des 2.7.1863 noch nicht von US-Truppen besetzt], crossed the Slyder farm, and returned. When rea­ching headquarters, General Lee „was surprised of my getting so far“. Gen Lee ordered Captain Johnston to join Longstreet's column on its march to the right wing of Lee's army of Northern Virginia (vgl. Gallagher [ed.]: The Second Day at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 71. Er wurde begleitet von Major John J. *Clarke, einem engineer officer aus Longstreet's Stab (vgl. Tru­deau: Gettysburg, a.a.O. S. 279).

 

 

Clarke, Richard:

CS-Captain; Co D 4th Alabama Infantry; dropped 21.4.1862

 

 

Clarke, William L.:

CS-LtCol; 6th Kentucky Infantry (vgl. Davis: Orphan Brigade, a.a.O., S. 222; vgl. Johnston: Confederate Military History of Ken­tucky, a.a.O., S. 161). Col W. L. Clarke aus der berühmten *Orphan Brigade lebte in der Nachkriegszeit in Nashville Tennessee (vgl. Confederate Veteran, vol. 1 (1893), S. 6).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Clarke, W. L. (Orphan Brigade): „Reunion of Hanson's Kentucky Brigade“; in Confederate Veteran (1893), vol. 1, S. 6

 

 

Clay, Cassius Marcellus:

US-MajGen; 1803-1910; Clay war in der Vorkriegszeit ein antislavery Verleger und Politiker in Kentucky in Lexington. Er verteidig­te seine Firma mit zwei Kanonen und durch seinen Ruf als erfolgreicher Duellant. Schließlich montierten während einer Abwesenheit seine Gegner (Kentucky war Sklavenhalterstaat) Clay's Druckerpresse ab und verschifften sie nach Cincinnati (Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother, a.a.O., S. 39). Bei Kriegsausbruch stellte er Clay's Battalion auf (vgl. Burlingame/Ettlinger: Inside Lincoln's White House. The Complete Civil War Diary of John Hay, a.a.O., S. 270 Anm. 5); am 28.4.1861 zum US-Botschafter in Rußland er­nannt, verzögerte er seine Abreise, um Truppen zur Verteidigung Washingtons aufzustellen. MajGen USV seit 11.4.1862 kehrte er im Juni 1862 in die USA aus Rußland zurück; resigned am 11.3.1863 und kehrte als Botschafter auf seinen Posten zurück, wo er Bot­schafter bis 1869 war. Nach seiner Rückkehr war er politisch aktiv als Mitglied des Liberal Republican Movement 1872; er unter­stützte Horace Greeley's Präsidentschaftskandidatur und griff Grant's Regierung an. Cousin von Henry *Clay.

 

 

Clay, Clement C.:

CS-Agent; früherer US-Senator aus Alabama; Clay traf am 5.1.1861 zur Vorbereitung des CS-Gründungskongresses vom Februar 1861 und zur Vorbereitung der Entscheidung über die Sezession mit Jefferson *Davis, Albert G. *Brown u.a. anderen zusammen (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 13).

 

Clay leitete eine Gruppe im CS-War Department, die Jacob *Thompson bei den Geheimdienstaktionen in Kanada ab 1864 unterstütz­te (vgl. Tidwell, April 65 - Confederate Covert Action, a.a.O., S. 32). Nach McPherson (Für die Freiheit sterben, a.a.O., S. 752) war Clement neben Jacob *Thompson in Canada eingesetzt, um von dort aus den Norden zu unterwandern und die Kriegsgegner in der Wahl von 1864 zu stärken, insb. durch Einschleusung von Agenten in die *Copperhead-Gruppen..

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Clay, Clement C.: Papers, National Archives Washington DC

- **Clay, Clement C.: Papers, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

- **Kinchen, Oscar A.: Confederate Operations in Canada and the North, North Quincy, Mass., 1970

- **Klement, Frank L.: The Limits of Dissent: Clement L. Vallandigham and the Civil War (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1970)

- **Klement, Frank L.: The Copperheads of the Middle West (Chicago: Chicago University of Chicago Press, 1960)

- **Klement, Frank L.: Dark Lanterns. Secret Political Societies, Conspiracies, and Treason Trials in the Civil War, Baton Rouge, 1984 (McPherson: Für die Freiheit, S. 943 Anm. 25 beurteilt Klements Auffassung wie folgt: Klement, der führende Historiker der *Cop­perheads, hält die meisten Beweise für deren heimliche Komplizenschaft mit den Rebellen für ein Gespinst aus "Gerüchten, Vermu­tungen und freie Erfindung", das von den Republikanern aus politischen Gründen in die Welt gesetzt worden sei. Aber auch Klement räumt ein, daß mehrere Friedensdemokraten 1864 von Agenten der Konföderation Geld und Waffen bekommen haben)

- Tidwell, April 1865 - Confederate Covert Action, a.a.O.

- Thompson, Jacob: Bericht an Judah Benjamin vom 3.12.1864, in: OR Ser. 1 Vol. XLIII, Tl. 2, S. 930-936

 

 

Clay, Henry:

US-Senator aus Kentucky; +++-1852; er vertrat einen Staat im Senat, in dem sich Sklavenhalter und Abolitionisten die Waage hiel­ten; Clay war ein bedeutender Mediator, der sog. "Great Pacificator" der mit seinen berühmten Kompromissen von 1820 und 1833 und erneut in der Krise der 50er Jahre (ausgelöst durch die "Wilmot Proviso" (vgl. Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother, a.a.O., S. 42, 44) den Süden beschwichtigen und mit dem Norden zum Ausgleich bringen wollte. Clay war Nationalist und trat gegen die Se­zessionisten für die Einheit der Union ein (McPherson, Für die Freiheit sterben, a.a.O., S. 63; Davis, William C.: Brother against Brot­her. The War Begins, a.a.O., S. 33). Der Vorschlag Clay's, daß von den neuen Bundesstaaten Kalifornien sklavenfrei, der von Mexico eroberte Bereich dagegen sie Sklavenhaltung erlauben sollte, wurde 1850 Gesetz. Clay rettete 1850 hierdurch die Union und vermied Sezession und Bürgerkrieg (Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother, a.a.O., S. 45). Clay, dessen Kompromiß von 1850 die Nation wieder vereint hatte, kandidierte erfolglos fünfmal als Präsidentschaftsbewerber und wurde jedesmal geschlagen. Cousin von Cassius Marcellus *Clay.

 

Photos:

- Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother. The War Begins, a.a.O., S. 34

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, a.a.O., S. 53

- Thompson, Jacob: Bericht an Judah Benjamin vom 3.12.1864, in: OR Ser. 1 Vol. XLIII, Tl. 2, S. 930-936

 

 

Clayton, Alexander M.:

CS-Politiker aus Mississippi; Delegierter auf dem CS-Gründungskongress vom Februar 1861 in Montgomery / Alabama (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 15, 29).

 

 

Clayton, William Henry Harrison:

US-Clerk; Company Clerk for the 19th Iowa Infantry; Clayton participated in the siege of Vicksburg and attack on Mobile. Details of the fighting at Prairie Grove where the 19th sustained the heaviest casualties of any Union regiment. Captured at Stirling's Plantati­on, Clayton spent 10 months in the Confederate prison at Camp Ford, Texas.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Clayton, William H.: A Damned Iowa Greyhound: The Civil War Letters of William Henry Harrison Clayton (Univ of Iowa Press); 236 pp; Photos

 

 

Clayton, Powell:

US-BrigGen; US-Col 5th Kansas Cavalry (US). Clayton was born in Bethel in Delaware County in Pennsylvania, to John and Ann Glover Clayton. He was a direct descendent of William Clayton, originally from Chichester, England.[1] Clayton the immigrant was a close friend of George Fox, founder of the Quakers, and William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania. John Clayton was an orchard kee­per and carpenter. John and Ann Clayton had ten children in all; six died in infancy. The young Clayton attended a private military academy in Bristol, Pennsylvania, north of Philadelphia. He later attended engineering school at Wilmington, Delaware.He moved to Kansas in 1855 and served as an engineer at Leavenworth, Kansas. On April 29, 1861, he is recorded as having a company of militia at Fort Leavenworth. His brothers William and John followed him to the West and, at one point, they all worked in Arkan­sas (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Powell_Clayton).

 

In May 1861 Clayton was formally mustered into the Union Army as a captain of the 1st Kansas Infantry. In December 1861, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel of the 5th Kansas Cavalry and later to colonel in March 1862. During the war he served primarily in Arkansas and Missouri, fighting in several battles in those states. Occupation of Pine Bluff: During the morning and early afternoon of October 25, 1863, Clayton commanded federal troops occupying Pine Bluff, Arkansas. He successfully repulsed a three-pronged confederate attack of the forces of General John S. Marmaduke. His troops had piled cotton bales around the Pine Bluff courthouse and surrounding streets to make a barricade for the Union defenders, and it worked. Confederate losses were 41 killed, wounded, and captured. Clayton was appointed a brigadier general of volunteers on August 1, 1864 (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Powell_ Clayton).

 

In 1868 Clayton was elected as the first Republican governor of Arkansas. His tenure was marked by soaring state debt (despite a state surplus when he took office), corruption, and violence. He was forced to declare martial law at the beginning of his term becau­se of racial tensions. Many members of his administration, and colleagues in his party were charged with corruption while he was go­vernor. Clayton was impeached by the legislature but was never formally convicted of a crime.[citation needed] He was reportedly involved with the tampering of a US Senate election between Thomas Boles and John Edwards; at the time the office was filled by election by the state legislature. Clayton was not convicted of any charges.[citation needed] His administration is mainly blamed for the Brooks–Baxter War. He worked with the legislature to improve the infrastructure in Arkansas: building railroads and new levees, as well as replacing levees destroyed during the war. While these improvements temporarily increased the debt, they were needed in­vestment for a state that had been underdeveloped before the war. The legislature established free public schools for the first time and funded the construction of some buildings. Because so little public investment had been made before, financing such projects was controversial. Clayton was persuaded to resign and accept election to the United States Senate after trying to ensure that the state would be stable under the appointment of an acting governor. While in the Senate, he worked with President Grant and his brother, William H.H. Clayton, the US Attorney in Arkansas, to have Judge Isaac Parker reassigned from Utah to Fort Smith, Arkansas, a frontier area with a high rate of violence and crime. The legendary “Hanging Judge,” along with U.S. Attorney Clayton, are credited with bringing law and order to the region. W.H.H. Clayton was later instrumental in bringing statehood to Oklahoma (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Powell_ Clayton).

Clayton was appointed as ambassador to Mexico in 1897 by President McKinley and served in that position until 1905.

Photo:

Clayton als 9th Governor of Arkansas

 

 

Clayton, William B.:

CS-Pvt; Parker's Company Virginia Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 11) bzw. Surry Light Artillery (Co. I, 3rd Regiment Virginia Infantry) vgl. Jo­nes: Under the Stars and Bars: Surry Light Artillery of Virginia, a.a.O., S. 30); dann Pvt Co. F, 13th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 52); Clayton gehörte zunächst zur Surry Light Artillery, which was organized as infantry and assigned to Co. I, 3rd Regiment Virginia Infantry Anfang August 1861 (vgl. Jo­nes: Under the Stars and Bars: Surry Light Artillery of Virginia, a.a.O., S. 9, 11). Im Frühjahr 1862 wurde er auf seinen Wunsch versetzt zur Surry Cavalry (= Company G, 13th Regiment Virginia Cavalry); Clayton served usefully for a time as scout, a difficult and dangerous duty. He received a severe wound, from which he never fully recovered, and died a year or two after the close of war (vgl. Jo­nes: Un­der the Stars and Bars: Surry Light Artillery of Virginia, a.a.O., S. 30).

 

 

Cleburne, Patrick R.:

CS-++General; ++++; zur unterschiedlichen Schreibweise des Namens (Cleeburne, Clayburne, Claiborne) vgl. Hay: Pat Cleburne - Stonewall of the West; in: Buck Cleburne an his Command, a.a.O., S. 13 Anm. 1). Cleburne war der höchstrangige Ire auf beiden Seiten (vgl. Wiley, Vorwort zu Buck: Cleburne an his Command, a.a.O., S. 7). Geboren in Cork/Irland am 17.3.1828; studierte im Trinity College Dublin; als 17jähriger Soldat im 41st Regiment der British Army, zuletzt als Corporal bis 1849; im Dezember 1849 nach Amerika ausgewandert; wohnhaft in Helena/Arkansas, studierte Jura, seit 1856 Rechtsanwalt; zunächst glühender Anhänger der Whig-Partei, schloß er sich nach einigen Jahren den Democrats an (vgl. Hay: "Cleburne, Stonewall of the West"; Einführung zu Buck: "Cleburne and his Command", a.a.O., S. 19 f). Im Frühjahr 1861 wurde er Soldat in der CS-Army zunächst als Private, im Mai 1861 zum Colonel der 15th Arkansas Infantry gewählt, seit 4.3.1862 BrigGen und Brigadekommandeur in Hardee's Division in Al­bert Sidney Johnston's Kentucky Army; seit 13.12.1862 Divisionskommandeur und MajGen.

 

Im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh gehörte *Cleburne's 2nd Brigade zum III. Army Corps MajGen William J. Hardee in A. S. Johnston's Army of the Mississippi. Die Brigade bestand aus folgenden Regimentern:

- 15th Arkansas Infantry Lt A. K. *Patton

- 6th Mississippi Infantry Col John J. *Thornton

- 2nd Tennessee Infantry Col W. B. *Bate

- 5th (later 35th) Tennessee Infantry Col Benjamin *Hill

- 23rd Tennessee Infantry LtCol James F. *Neill

- 24th Tennessee Infantry LtCol Thomas H *Peeples

- Shoup's Artillery Battalion:

- Trigg's Arkansas Battery Captain J. T. Trigg

- Calvert's Arkansas Battery

 

Cleburne's Vorschlag, in der CS-Army Regimenter von Farbigen aufzustellen, führte zu spürbaren Nachteilen in seiner Karriere (vgl. Bearss, Edwin: Vorwort zu: Weaver, C. P. [ed.]: Thank God my Regiment is an African One: The Civil War Diary of Colonel Nathan W. Daniels (Louisiana State University Press, 1998; Taschenbuchausgabe 2000); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik131, S. ix)

 

Februar 1864 ist Cleburne Divisionskommandeur der Cleburne Division in der Army of the Tennessee (Castel, Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 49/50) während der Atlanta Campaign

 

Photos:

- Buck: Cleburne an his Command, a.a.O., Vorblatt

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Bearss, Edwin C.: "Patrick R. Cleburne: Stonewall Jackson of the West" (++++, 1953)

Benham, Calhoun: "Major-Gen. P. R. Cleburne, A Biographie," Kennesaw Gazette, 15.1.1889, S. 2

- Benham, Calhoun (Maj CSA) Papers: veröffentlicht in the "Kennesaw Gazette" Ausgaben v. 1.1.-15.1.1889 (Benham war Stabschef in Cleburne's Division und beschrieb nur die Zeit, während der er unter Cleburne diente: vom Battle of Murfreesboro bis zum Ende der Atlanta Campaign (vgl. Buck: Cleburne and his Command, Vorbemerkung von Hay, a.a.O., S. 19

- Brown, Norman D., ed.: One of Cleburne’s Command: The Civil War Reminiscenses and Diary of Capt. Samuel T. Foster, Granbu­ry’s Texas Brigade, CSA. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1980

- *Buck, Irving (Captain C.S.A.): "Cleburne and his Command" und Thomas Robson Hay: "Pat Cleburne: Stonewall of the West"; Morningside Reprint 1985 (Bucks Werk wurde originally published in 1908, 1958 neu herausgegeben und mit Vorwort "Pat Cleburne - Stonewall of the West" versehen durch Thomas R. Hay ) mit Vorwort v. Bell Irvin Wiley, Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik+++++

- Buck, Irving A.: "Cleburne and His Division ar Missionary Ridge and Ringgold Gap," Southern Historical Society Papers, VIII, S. 464-75

- Cleburne, Patrick R.: "Battle Reports" aus OR, mit Ausnahme von Shiloh und Perryville: abgedruckt in: Buck: Cleburne and his Command, a.a.O., S. 311-358

- Cleburne, Patrick R.: Papers 1823-1901; 22 items. Personal correspondence between Major General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne and family members and military officers. Post-war documents are primarily letters from family members and pages from the Cleburne family Bible. Cleburne, an Irish immigrant who settled in Helena (Phillips County), rose from the ranks during the course of the Civil War and was killed in the battle of Franklin, Tennessee, 1864. Five of the letters in this collection were published by Richard Howell Purdue and Elizabeth Purdue in "Pat Cleburne: Confederate General: A Definitive Biography" (Hillsboro, Texas: Hill Junior College Press, 1973); in Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

- Douglas, W. F.: "A Sketch of MajGen. Patrick R. Cleburne," in: The Land We Love 2 (1867), S. 460

- Hardee, William J.: "A Sketch of General Patrick R. Cleburne," Southern Historical Society Papers, XXXI (Richmond 1903)

- Hardee, William J.: Biographical Sketch of Major-General Patrick R. Cleburne; in: Southern Historical Society Papers, XXI (1903)

- Hardee, William J.: "MajGen. Patrick R. Cleburne," Confederate Veteran 12 (1904), S. 17

- Hardee, William J.: in: The Confederate Veteran, XII (Nashville, 1904), S. 17

- Joslyn, Mauriel P.: A Meteor Shining Brightly: Essays on Major General Patrick R. Cleburne (Terrell House 1997); 310 pp; Fore­word by Wiley Sword; Notes; Photos; Index - Nash, Charles E.: Biographical Sketches of General Pat Cleburne and General T. C. Hindman, together with numerous Anecdotes and Reminiscenses of the late Civil War (Morningside: Dayton, 1997 - Reprint of 1898)

- **Nash, Charles Edward: Biographical Sketches of Gen. Pat Cleburne and Gen. T. C. Hindman (Dayton: Press of the Morningside Bookshop, 1977)

- Purdue, Howell and Elizabeth: Patrick Cleburne, Confederate General (Hillsboro, Texas: Hill Junior College Press, 1973)

- Symonds, Craig L.: Stonewall of the West: Patrick Cleburne & the Civil War (University Press of Kansas, 1997); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik75

 

 

Clem, John:

US-Pvt; Co. C, 22nd Regiment Michigan Infantry; er trat als Musician in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M545 Roll 8). Clem trat im Alter von 9 (!) Jahren als Musician in das Regiment ein (vgl. Coco: Civil War Infantryman, a.a.O., S. 7).

 

 

 

Clendenning, George W.:

US-Corporal; Co. I, 176th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 25).

 

 

Clendenning, Jonathan M.:

US-Chaplain; Co. K, 96th Regiment Illinois Infantry; er trat als Pvt in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 16). Clendenning war als Pvt in das Regiment (Co. K) eingetreten, but had been (im Oktober 1862; err.) appointed Chaplain of the re­giment (vgl. Partridge: History of the Ninety-sixth Regiment Ill. Vol. Inf., a.a.O., S. 38, 69).

 

 

Cleveland, Marshall:

US-Captain; aus New York State; sein richtiger Name war Charles Metz; Cleveland zog nach Missouri, wo er unter dem Namen Moore zu einer Haftstrafe verurteilt wurde; Cleveland gelang die Flucht aus dem Gefängnis nach Kansas im Frühjahr 1861 (vgl. Starr: Jennison's Jayhawkers, a.a.O., S. 20); Kompaniechef Co H 7th Kansas Cavalry (vgl. Starr: Jennison's Jayhawkers, a.a.O., S. 19 ff). Wegen Auseinandersetzung über seine Verpflichtung zum Tragen einer vollständigen Uniform mit LtCol Daniel Read *Anthony vor der Front des Regiments, trat Cleveland aus der Army aus und lebte fortan als Räuber. Drei Monate lang wurde er steckbrieflich gesucht und von der 6th Kansas Cavalry gejagt. Am 10.5.1862 konnte Cleveland in Osawatomie von Captain H. S. *Greeno gestellt und festgenommen werden. Er wurde bei einem kurz darauf unternommenen Fluchtversuch am 10.5.1862 erschossen (vgl. Starr, Jen­nison's Jayhawkers, a.a.O., S. 26; Greeno's Report OR 13 S. 377-78).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Fox, Simeon M.: "The Early History of the Seventh Kansas Cavalry," Collections of the Kansas State Historical Society, 1909-1910, XI, S. 244-45

- Greeno, H. S.: Greeno's Report OR XIII S, 377-78

- Ingalls, John J.: "The Last of the Jayhawkers," Kansas Magazine I (1872), S. 360

- Starr, Stephen Z.: Jennison's Jayhawkers: A Civil War Cavalry Regiment and Its Commanders (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Un­iversity Press, 1973); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik61/3a, S. 19-26

 

 

Clewell, Augustus A.:

CS-+++; 21st North Carolina Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Clewell, Augustus A.: Letters. Unpublished War Time Letters of Augustus A. Clewell of the 21st North Carolina Infantry; scattered dates (North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh / North Carolina)

 

 

Cliff, Henry:

US-Sgt; Co F 76th New York Infantry; Cliff wurde am 1.7.1863 im Battle von Gettysburg bei Seminary Ridge schwer verwundet (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 109).

 

 

Clifford, James B.:

US-Pvt, Co. B, 1st New Jersey Cavalry; Clifford desertierte; † 1910, beerd. Bevans Church Cemetery, Sussex County, New Jersey (vgl. Newjerseycivilwargravestones.org).

 

 

Clift, William:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 7th Regiment Tennessee Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M392 Roll 3); 5.12.1794 [?] Green County / Tennessee - † 27.2.1866 Hamilton County / Tennessee; im Mai 1862 von BrigGen George W. *Morgan zum Col ernannt mit dem Auftrag in East-Tennessee eine Partisanen-Einheit aufzustellen und die CS-Verbindungen und Versorgungslinien zur Cumberland Gap zu unterbrechen. Clift stellte seine Einheit im Morgan County / East-Tennessee auf (vgl. Karte bei: Fisher, War at Every Door, a.a.O., S. 8) und erfüllte seinen Auftrag anfangs mit Erfolg. Im Juli / August 1862 wurde die Einheit in 7th Tennessee Infantry umbenannt und legte mehrere Hinterhalte in Morgan County und Anderson County / East Tennessee. Im August 1862 wurde die 7th Tennessee Infantry von einem CS Infantry Regiment unterstützt von Cavalry zerschlagen. Clift sammelte sein Regiment anschließend erneut und nahm seine Aktionen wieder auf, diesmal allerdings mit wenig Erfolg. Er verlegte deshalb sein Regiment Ende 1862 / Anfang 1863 nach Kentucky, wo die Einheit bis zur In­vasion im August 1863 verblieb (vgl. Fisher: War at Every Door, a.a.O., S. 73).

 

Literatur/Urkunden:

- **Clift Family Papers: Tennessee State Library and Archives: Clift Family Papers, Nr. 1968.383, Location VI-F-4

Regest: The Clift Family Papers containing approximately 150 items (269 photocopies), span the years from ca. 1820 to 1968 and are composed of Civil War letters, Bible records, a deed, wills, genealogical data and correspondence, historical and biographical sket­ches, D.A.R. and Daughters of 1812 applications, and other papers. Of special interest to the historian are the letters (August 20, 1863 to October 27, 1864) of Colonel William Clift, 7th Tennessee Regiment, U.S.A., his second wife, Elizabeth, and other members of the family in Kentucky. Clift’s letters, written largely from Knoxville, Knox County, Chattanooga (Hamilton County), and Soddy (Hamilton County), Tennessee, reflect his movement and conditions in Kentucky, his imprisonment in Atlanta, and his activities in east Tennessee, where he carried messages for the Federals through Confederate lines. There are two letters reassuring Mrs. Clift of her husband’s safety, one (March 20, 1864) written by Major General George H. Thomas, and another (September 24, 1864) written by a member of his staff. One letter (undated) from Clift’s brother-in-law tells of the excitement in Kentucky regarding the Negro question, mentioning that Colonel Frank L. Wolford has denounced the President as a traitor and that Kentucky Governor Thomas E. Bramlett did not reply to the charge. During March and April 1864, Colonel Clift wrote to his wife from Soddy, Tennessee, about the possibility of her joining him, but cautioned her that there were robbers everywhere. Clift’s views toward slavery are revealed in his statements that he favored the proposal to emancipate the slaves and to leave them in the states where they “respectively belong and let them do the labor in freedom that they have done in slavery.” The Clift family papers, including a sketch concerning how the Ci­vil War in east Tennessee affected the Clift family, center around Hamilton County, Tennessee, while the McDonald and some of the other families followed the familiar migration pattern from southwest Virginia through east Tennessee, and on to Texas. Other family lines settled in Maryland, North Carolina, and Kentucky. Since the families in this collection are so closely related, the researcher should consult folders for any families into which their lines married (aus: http://www.tn.gov/tsla/history/ manuscripts/ findingaids/68-383.pdf).

 

 

Clifton, J. B.:

CS-+++

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Clifton, J. B.: Diary, North Carolina State Department of Archives and History

 

 

Clingman, Thomas Lanier:

CS-BrigGen; Senator von North Carolina (Ruffin Diary II 59).

 

July 27, 1812 Huntsville/NC – † November 3, 1897 Morganton/NC, known as the "Prince of Politicians," was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from 1843 to 1845 and from 1847 to 1858, and U.S. senator from the state of North Carolina between 1858 and 1861. During the Civil War he refused to resign his Senate seat and was one of ten senators expelled from the Senate in absentia. He then served as a general in the Confederate States Army.

 

Clingman was elected to the North Carolina State house of commons in 1835. In 1836 he moved to Asheville, North Carolina. He was a member of the North Carolina State senate in 1840. In 1843 Clingman ran as a Whig and was elected to the 28th United States Congress, however he was defeated in his reelection bid in 1845. In 1845 he fought a duel with a fellow congressman William Lowndes Yancey of Alabama. In Yancey's maiden speech on the House floor, he had impugned his opponent's integrity. Both duelists had missed. In 1847 he regained the seat and won reelection in 1849, 1851, 1853, 1855 and 1857. On May 7, 1858, he resigned after becoming a United States Senator as a Democrat the previous day, replacing the resigning Asa Biggs. He was reelected but was ex­pelled from the Senate for support of the Confederacy.

 

When he first entered the War, Clingman was the commander of the 25th North Carolina Infantry and took part in the Peninsula Campaign. He later commanded a brigade of infantry. Clingman's Brigade consisted of the 8th, 31st, 51st and 61st North Carolina In­fantry. Clingman's Brigade fought at Goldsboro, Battery Wagner, Drewry's Bluff, Cold Harbor,Petersburg, Globe Tavern, Fort Fisher, and Bentonville (aus https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Lanier_Clingman).

 

After the Civil War, Clingman explored and measured mountains in western North Carolina and Tennessee. Tennessee's highest mountain, also partly in North Carolina, was named Clingman's Dome in his honor. He died in Morganton, North Carolina, and was buried in the Riverside Cemetery in Asheville, North Carolina (aus https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Lanier_Clingman).

 

 

Clopton, Alfred Willoughby:

CS-Pvt, Virginia Military Institute Class of 1863. In trouble at VMI for playing cards. Drillmaster in Richmond during the spring of 1861 and then with the 12th North Carolina.  Paid $33.33 per month as a drillmaster.  Unofficial source says also Adjutant 12th North Carolina. Discharged as a drillmaster 28 November 1861.  Enlisted 5 March 1862 at Richmond as a Pvt, Company I, 4th Virginia Ca­valry.  AWOL July through August 1862. Transferred to Company E, 1 March 1863. In hospital (in Richmond, VA) 20 November 1863 to 14 January 1864 (had syphilis).  Admitted to hospital (in Richmond, VA) 24 August 1864 for a fever. He was sent home and died of fever- 9 September 1864 in Richmond, VA (http://thecivilwarparlor.tumblr.com/post/113750618940/alfred-willoughby­-a-w-clopton-one-of-virginia).

 

Photo:

- A.W. is the young cavalier at the upper right corner of the photograph, holding a bottle, filled, no doubt, with lemonade!  He served as a private in the 4th Virginia Cavalry (aus http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~clopton/fire.htm)

- A.W. was admitted to Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond on August 24, 1864 with a fever.  He was sent home and there he died on September 9, 1864 (aus http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~clopton/fire.htm)

 

 

Cluett, William W.:

US-Principal Musician; Co. E, F&S, 57th Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 16)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Cluett, William W.: History of the Fifty-Seventh Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, from Muster in, Dec. 26, 1861, to Muster out, July 7, 1865 (Princeton / Illinois: T. P. Streeter, Printer, 1886)

 

 

Cluke, Roy Stuart:

CS-Col; 8th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry; auch als 'Ray S. Cluke' bezeichnet (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 3). Der Vorna­me lautet gem. Grabstein auf dem Lexington Cemetery, Lexington/Kentucky: Roy S. Cluke (vgl. Photo bei www.findagrave.com).

 

Die 8th Kentucky Cavalry; eine Abteilung von Morgan's Cavalry unter Col R. S. Cluke nahm am 22.3.1863 Mount Sterling / Ken­tucky, 40 Meilen ostwärts von Lexington / Kentucky (Karte: Davis, a.a.O., Nr. 141) und machte 300 Gefangene (vgl. Marvel: Burnsi­de, a.a.O., S. 225). Teilnahme an Morgan's Raid nach Kentucky, Indiana und Ohio im Juni 1863 (vgl. Horwitz: The Longest Raid, a.a.O., S. 8).

 

30.12.1824 Montgomery County/Kentucky - † 31.12.1863 Ottawa County/Ohio; beerd. Lexington Cemetery, Lexington/Kentucky; Cluke was captured during Morgan's Ohio Raid in July 1863 and died of disease (possibly Diphteria) as a prisoner of war at Johnson's Island Prison Stockade, on Sandusky Bay on Lake Erie. His Lexington Cemetery burial record shows a date of 28.10.1863. His wife's name was Kate. He farmed in County KY prior to the Civil War with a P.O. of Winchester/KY (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 19.6.2016).

 

Photo:

- Horwitz: The Longest Raid, a.a.O., nach S. 72 Nr. A 16

 

 

Cobb, Howell:

CS-BrigGen und Politiker; aus Georgia; Bruder von BrigGen Thomas Read Rootes *Cobb (vgl. Davis: A Government of our Own, a.a.O., S. 7). Cobb besaß eine große Plantage (1000 acres, 100 Arbeiter/Sklaven) bei Milledgeville / GA. Demokratische Partei, ge­hörte zum ge­mäßigten Flügel. Cobb war 5mal Mitglied des US-Repräsentantenhaus (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 48) und wurde 1849 in der Sectional Crisis im 63. Wahlgang zum Speaker gewählt (vgl. McPherson, Für die Freiheit, a.a.O., S. 61). 1851 wurde Cobb zum Governor von Georgia gewählt; 1857 wurde Cobb Secretary of Treasure in Kabinett Buchanan (vgl. Da­vis: A Go­vernment of our Own, a.a.O., S. 7; vgl. Baker: Buchanan, a.a.O., S. 79). Im Februar 1861 war Cobb Delegierter von Georgia im CS-Provisional Congress (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 48), der die Constitution der Confedera­cy verabschiedete und präsidierte dem Congress in allen vier Sessions (vgl. Chestnut: Diary from Dixie, a.a.O., S. 18). Er wurde als Präsident der Konföderation gegen Davis vorgeschlagen (vgl. Chestnut: Diary from Dixie, a.a.O., S. 6).

 

Im Bürgerkrieg: im April 1862 Brigadekommandeur 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Lafayette McLaws.

 

Teilnahme an der Abwehr von McClellan's Peninsular Campaign; Einsatz bei der Abwehr des US-Angriffs bei Dam Nr. 1 nahe Lee's Mill am 16.4.1862 (vgl. Report of BrigGen Howell Cobb OR 11.1. S. 416); Coob’s Brigade während der Schlachten von Antietam (Sharpsburg) und South Mountain. Auf der großen Plan­tage Cobb's (1000 acres, 100 Arbeiter/Sklaven) bei Milledgeville / GA, brachte Sherman auf dem March to the Sea am 22.11.1864 sein Hauptquartier unter (vgl. Sherman, Memoirs Bd. 2 S. 185; vgl. Hitchcock, Marching with Sherman, a.a.O., S. 83). Hitchcock berich­tet, daß Cobb 4 oder 5 weitere Plantagen und 500 bis 600 Sklaven besaß (vgl. Hitchcock: Marching with Sherman, a.a.O., S. 85). Die Sklaven hausten unter men­schenunwürdigen Bedingungen Verschlägen in roh gezimmerten Hütten.

 

Following the war, Cobb returned home and resumed his law practice, but despite pressure from his former constituents and soldiers, he refused to make any public remarks on Reconstruction policy until he received a presidential pardon, although he privately oppo­sed it. Finally receiving that document in early 1868, he then vigorously opposed the Reconstruction Acts, making a series of spee­ches that summer that bitterly denounced the policies of the reigning Radical Republicans in Congress. Taking a break from his sche­dule of political speeches, Cobb decided to vacation in New York City in the autumn. He died of a heart attack there. His body was returned to Athens, Georgia, for burial in Oconee Hill Cemetery (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Howell_Cobb).

Thomas Willis Cobb was a cousin and Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb a younger brother of Howell Cobb. His great uncle and namesa­ke, Howell Cobb, had been a U.S. Congressman from 1807–1812, and then served as an officer in the War of 1812. A niece was Mildred Lewis Rutherford (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Howell_Cobb).

Photo:

- Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., nach S. 118

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, a.a.O., S. 50 (Präsident Buchanan und sein Kabinett, darunter Floyd)

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, a.a.O., S. 54

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Boykin, Samuel (ed.): Memorial Volume of the Hon. Howell Cobb of Georgia (Philadelphia, 1870)

- **Cobb, Howell: Folder. Georgia Department of Archives and History, Atlanta

- **Cobb, Howell: Papers. University of Georgia, Athens

- **Dickson, Capers (Cobb's Legion, Georgia Vols): John Ashton: A Story of The War between the States (Atlanta 1896, 1st Edition)

- Gannon, N. U.: MS Dissertation, University of California

- Nevins, The Emergence of Lincoln, vol. I, a.a.O., S. 122

**Phillips, Ulrich B. (ed.): The Correspondence of Robert Toombs, Alexander H. Stephens, and Howell Cobb, Annual Report of the American Historical Association, 1911

- **Philipps, U. B.(ed.): The Correspondence of Robert Toombs, Alexander H. Stephens, and Howell Cobb (Washington, 1913)

 

 

Cobb, Robert L.:

CS-Captain, Cobb's Battery wurde aufgestellt in Kentucky und gehörte von Beginn an bis Kriegsende zur 1st Kentucky Brigade / Or­phan Brigade (vgl. Davis, Jackman Diary, a.a.O., S. 39 Anm. 24). Die Battery umfaßte sechs Kanonen (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 188)

 

Im Battle of Shiloh am 6.4.1862 gehörte Cobb's Kentucky Battery zur 1st Brigade Col Robert Trabue IV. Reserve Corps BrigGen John C. Breckenridge (vgl. Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh, B & L, a.a.O., I, S. 539).

 

Gegen 11:30 wurde eine Sektion von Nispel’s Battery mit einem Geschütz zusammen mit zwei Geschützen aus Dresser's Battery und Barrett's Battery von US-Artilleriechef Col Ezra Taylor in einem Artillerieschwerpunkt, der neun Geschütze umfaßte, im südli­chen Teil von Jones Field gegen den bevorstehenden CS-Durchbruch auf der rechten US-Front eingesetzt. Es kam zu einem Artille­rieduell mit der CS-Artillery im nördlichen Woolf Field bestehend aus Cobb's Kentucky Battery sechs Geschützen und dem verblie­benen Ge­schütz von Polk's Battery. Nachdem sich die US-Artillery schließlich gegen 12:00 verschossen hatte, mußte sie zurückge­nommen werden (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 186-188 mit Karte S. 187).

 

Bei dem ersten US-Gegenangriff in Shiloh am 6.4.1862 während des Artilleriegefechts, überrannte gegen 12:00 die 11th Iowa Infan­try aus 1st Brigade Col Abraham C. *Hare / 1st Division MajGen John A McClernand zusammen mit der 11th Illinois und 20th Illi­nois aus 2nd Brigade Col C. Carroll Marsh / 1st Division MajGen John A McClernand die im nördlichen Woolf Field eingesetzte Cobb’s Kentucky Battery und die Sektion von Polk’s Tennessee Battery (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 188 mit Karte 187). Beim CS-Gegenangriff durch die Brigaden Trabue und Anderson, unterstützt von der 5th Co Washington Artillery, konnten die Geschütze ge­gen 12:30 zurückerobert werden (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 190).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Confederate Veteran, vol 13 (February 1905), S. 68: “Cobb’s Battery Not Captured at Shiloh.”

 

 

Cobb, Thomas Read Rootes:

CS-BrigGen; 1823- † 13.12.1862 gef. Fredericksburg; aus Athens / Georgia; Rechtsanwalt und juristischer Schriftsteller; Bruder von Howell *Cobb (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 7); Gegner von Alexander *Stephens, der Cobb für einen Fire-Eater hielt und für noch mehr ver­antwortlich als Robert *Toombs, die Sezession Georgias voranzutreiben (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 50). nach Kriegsausbruch Col. von Cobb's Legion seit 28.8.1861; Teilnahme an der Abwehr von McClellan's Pen­insular Campaign; Einsatz bei der Abwehr des US-Angriffs bei Dam Nr. 1 nahe Lee's Mill am 16.4.1862 (vgl. Report of BrigGen Ho­well Cobb OR 11.1. S. 416), Seven Days, Second Manassas, Antietam: BrigGen seit 1.11.1862 (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., 2: 328-29). Er befehligte in der Schlacht von Fredericksburg am 13.12.1862 die Georgia Brigade an der "Sunken Road" mit der Steinmauer unterhalb von Marye's Heights gegenüber der Stadt Fredericksburg gegen den Angriff von Sumner's Grand Division. Hierbei ist Cobb gefallen (vgl. Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 177).

 

Cobb’s Brigade umfaßte im Dezember 1862 folgende Regimenter (vgl. Luvaas / Nelson: Guide ...Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 325):

- 16th Georgia Infantry

- 18th Georgia Infantry

- 24th Georgia Infantry

- Cobb Legion

- Philipps Legion

 

Die Brigade wurde nach dem Tod Cobb’s von Col W. T. *Wofford von der 18th Georgia Infantry übernommen (vgl. Freeman: Lee’s Lieutenants, a.a.O., 2:418).

 

Photo:

- Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., nach S. 278

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Cobb, Thomas R. R. : Thomas R. R. Cobb Folder, Georgia Department of Archives and History, Atlanta / Georgia

- **Cobb, Thomas R. R.: Letters, University of Georgia, Athens

- **Cobb, T. R. R.: Substance of an Adress of … to His Constituents of Clark County, April 6, 1861 (N. P., 1861)

- **Cobb, Thomas R. R.: „The Correspondence of Thomas Reet Roots Cobb, 1861-1862“; in: Publications of the Southern History Association, XI (May 1907)

- Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., 2: 328-29

- **McCash, William: Thomas R. R. Cobb: The Making of a Southern Nationalist (Macon / Georgia, 1983)

 

 

Coble, Eli S.:

CS-Pvt; Co. M, 21st Regiment North Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 8);

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Coble, Eli S.: Reminiscenses. Unpublished postwar recollections of Eli S. Coble of the 21st North Carolina Infantry (North Caroli­na Department of Archives and History, Raleigh / North Carolina)

 

 

Coble, Samuel:

US-Corporal; 1838 Ohio - 27.3.1927 Parke County / Indiana); er zog 1850 mit seinen Eltern nach Indiana und wurde Schmied und Farmarbeiter; aus Bridgeton / Indiana; 85th Indiana Infantry Co. G (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 107, 393); bei Kriegsende kehrte Coble nach Parke County zurück, wurde Farmer bei Rosedale; er war ein staunch Republican, holding the office of County Assessor und County Commissionar (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 393).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Coble, Samuel: Day Book of the 85th Indiana, Co. G, 1863 (Indiana Historical Society)

 

 

Coburn, John:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 33rd Regiment Indiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 14).

 

geboren am 27.10.1825 in Indianapolis; graduiert 1846 vom Wabash College in Indianapolis; Studium der Rechts­wissenschaften; Rechtsanwalt seit 1849; 1851 Abgeordneter im Indiana Parlament; 1852 Rechtsanwalt im Marion County bis 1859; 1859 zum Rich­ter ernannt (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn’s Brigade, a.a.O., S. 14). 1861 Regimentskommandeur 33rd Indiana Infan­try (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn’s Brigade, a.a.O., S. 14). Kommandeur von *Coburn’s Brigade; Gefangennahme beim Battle of Thompson's Station am 5.3.1863; nach seiner Freilassung ab 8.6.1863 Brigadekommandeur 3rd Brigade Coburn / 1st Division Brig­Gen Absalom *Baird / Reserve Corps BrigGen Gordon *Granger / Army of the Cumberland (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 107).

 

Photo:

- Welcher/Ligget, Coburn’s Brigade, a.a.O., Frontispiz

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Coburn, John (Col, 33rd Indiana Infantry): "Memoranda of the early service of the 33rd Regiment Indiana Volunteers" (ca. 1885); in: John Coburn Collection, Indiana Historical Society

- **Welcher, Frank and Larry G. Ligget: Coburn’s Brigade: 85th Indiana, 33rd Indiana, 19th Michigan, and 22nd Wisconsin in the Civil War; (Carmel, Ind.: Guild Press of Indiana, 1999)

 

 

Coburn, Robert S.:

US-Pvt; Co. H, 83rd Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 26, hier fehlerhaft als 'Robert L. Coburn' genannt); dann Co. G, 97th Re­giment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 26). Age, 34 years. Enlisted at New York city, to serve three years, and mustered in as private, Co. H, October 12, 1861; transferred to Co. O, Ninety-seventh Infantry, June 7, 1864 (vgl. Annual Report of the Adjutant-General of the State of New York: Registers of the 83rd Regiment New York Infantry, a.a.O., S. 537); discharged, October 10, 1864 (vgl. Annual Report of the Adjutant-General of the State of New York: Registers of the 97tr Regiment New York Infantry, a.a.O., S. 783).

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Coburn, Robert S. (Pvt; Co. H, 83rd New York Infantry): Diary, Civil War Times Collection, US Army Military History Institute Archives, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania

 

 

Cochran, William H.:

CS-Pvt; Co. D, 25th Regiment Virginia Infantry (Heck's) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 11).

 

 

Cochrane, Benjamin Franklin:

CS-Private; aus Augusta County, Va.; Bruder von John H. *Cochrane; Co. E. 1st Virginia Cavalry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Cochrane Family: Letters, 1860-61. Augusta County, Virginia, family. Collection consists of fourteen letters written predominently by John H. Cochran in Richmond, Virginia, in the months between the election of Abraham Lincoln as U.S. President and the begin­ning of the Civil War. Cochran's letters, all to his mother in Augusta County, give a detailed and eloquent description of the events and feelings of the time, and show his intense loyalty to the Confederate cause. Cochran also wrote in the early months of the war as a private in Company A of the Wise Legion. Collection also includes letters from Cochran's brother, Benjamin Franklin ("Frank") Cochran, who was a private in Company E of the 1st Virginia Cavalry. Transcripts available. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 92-032).

 

 

Cochran, James C.:

CS-Col; im März 1862 Captain einer Virginia Miliz Company im Shenandoah Valley (vgl. Hotchkiss: Make me a Map of the Valley, a.a.O., S. 6). 14th Virginia Cavalry (vgl. Hotchkiss: Make me a Map of the Valley, a.a.O., S. 273 Anm. 7).

 

Cochrane, John:

US-BrigGen; 1813 - † 1898; Politiker aus New York; he had been a Congressman and Buchanan's appointee to the USMA Board of Visitors (vgl. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 161); he raised a regiment in 1861 (vgl. Sears: Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 2) and was commissioned Col 65th New York Infantry am 11.6.1861 und BrigGen USA 17.7.1862. He fought at Fair Oaks, Malvern Hill und Fredericksburg; er kommandierte 3rd Brigade, 1st Division IV. Army Corps (5.7.1862-26.8.1862) at Antietam und Williams­burg (vgl. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 161); in der Fredericksburg Campaign war er Brigadekommandeur in 3rd Divisi­on (John Newton) VI. Corps (18.10.1862 - Dezember 1862) (vgl. Sears: Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 1 ff. iVm. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O. S. 593 zu John Newton).

 

BrigGen John Cochrane war an der „Revolt of the Generals“ vom Dezember 1862 (nach dem verlorenen Battle of Fredericksburg) gegen MajGen Burnside beteiligt (vgl. Sears: Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 1 ff.; vgl. Wert: Army of the Potomac, a.a.O., S. 206). Cochrane and sein Divisionskommandeur MajGen John *Newton had not concocted this intrigue by themselves. They merely repre­sented the largest and boldest evidence of a general's revolt in the Army of the Potomac aimed at Burnside's overthrow, whose leaders were Cochrane's and Newton's immediate superiors, Major Generals William Franklin and William Smith (vgl. Sears: Chancellors­ville, a.a.O., S. 2; vgl. Wert: Army of the Potomac, a.a.O., S. 206). Beide trafen am 30.12.1862 mit Präsident Lincoln in dieser An­gelegenheit zu­sammen ( vgl. Wert: Army of the Potomac, a.a.O., S. 206), nachdem Cochrane das Treffen über Secretary of State Sal­mon P. Chase initiiert hatte (vgl. Sears: Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 2). Beide wußten sicher, daß ihr Vorhaben an Subordination grenz­te. Newton ad­mitted that they were in „a very delicate position“. At one point in the discussion Lincoln remarked that he thought that they meant „to injure General Burnside“. They denied it, replying that only patriotism motivated them. Lincoln thanked them for the informati­on, and the generals departed (vgl. Wert: Army of the Potomac, a.a.O., S. 206-207).

 

Lincoln gab die Namen Cochrane und Newton nicht weiter. Dennoch wurden diese bekannt. Zur 'Revolt of the Generals' nach dem Battle of Fredericksburg im Dezember 1862 (s. hierzu MajGen William Franklin, MajGen William Smith, MajGen John Newton, und MajGen John Cochrane) vermerkt der Befehlshaber der Washington Defenses, MajGen Samuel P. *Heintzelman in seinem Tagebuch: „... when zwo Generals came to town, saw Mr. Lincoln & he sent orders not to do ist“ (Anm. er gab Anweisung an Gen Burnside nicht erneut bei Fredericksburg über den Rappahannock anzugreifen“). Heintzelman had his own sources of inside information, and added: „I heard since the that Genls Newton & Cochrane who got leave from Gen. Gen. Franklin were the officers“. He could not un­derstand how „such conduct is tolerated“ (vgl. Sears: Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 10; vgl. Heintzelman Diary, a.a.O., 5.1.1863).

 

Resigning 25.2.1863 with a physical disability (vgl. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 161). Cochrane kandidierte als Vizeprä­sidentschaftskandidat Frémonts in der Wahl von 1864 (vgl. Welles, Diary II 41 ff.) und was later a *Tammany Hall leader (vgl. Boat­ner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 161).

 

 

Cochrane, John H.:

CS-Pvt; aus Augusta County, Virginia; Co. A of the Wise Legion; Bruder von Benjamin Franklin *Cochrane

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Cochrane Family: Letters, 1860-61. Augusta County, Virginia, family. Collection consists of fourteen letters written predominently by John H. Cochran in Richmond, Virginia, in the months between the election of Abraham Lincoln as U.S. President and the begin­ning of the Civil War. Cochran's letters, all to his mother in Augusta County, give a detailed and eloquent description of the events and feelings of the time, and show his intense loyalty to the Confederate cause. Cochran also wrote in the early months of the war as a private in Company A of the Wise Legion. Collection also includes letters from Cochran's brother, Benjamin Franklin ("Frank") Cochran, who was a private in Company E of the 1st Virginia Cavalry. Transcripts available. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 92-032).

 

 

Cocke, Harrison H.:

CS-Capt; ehemaliger Offizier der US-Navy; Ruffin (vgl. Ruffin Diary II 9) berichtet am 25.4.1861, Cocke sei noch einige Wochen zuvor "the thorough, slavish & base submissionist" (d.h. Gegner der Sezession) gewesen, übertreffe jetzt jedoch sogar Ruffin in der Forderung nach harter Sezession; Ruffin hält Cocke für einen jobsuchenden Glücksritter; Cocke war am Bau des äußerst schlecht konstruierten Fort Powhatan am James River im April 1861 beteiligt. Ruffin (Ruffin, Diary II 26) bezeichnet Cocke als "incompetent, worthless for command" und unternimmt Schritte, dessen Ablösung zu erreichen (Ruffin, Diary II 27); Ruffin berichtet am 27.7.1861, daß Cocke von seinem Kommando, zur Errichtung der Befestigungen am James River, abgelöst worden ist (Ruffin Diary II 99).

 

 

Cocke, Philip St. George:

CS-BrigGen; 1809-1861; Universität of Virginia, anschließend West Point, graduated 1832 (6/45), Artillerie; retired 1834, anschlie­ßend Plantageneigner (er besaß 7 Plantagen) in Virginia und Mississippi und wurde zu einem herausragenden Farmer mit schriftstel­lerischen Ambitionen (vgl. Davis: Battle of Bull Run, a.a.O., S. 15-16); unterstützte finanziell intensiv das VMI (Virginia Military In­stitute); 21.4.1861 BrigGen der Virginia State Troops; kommandiert den Militärdistrikt am Potomac, (vgl. Davis: Battle of Bull Run, a.a.O., S. 28; Freeman: Robert E. Lee, a.a.O., S. 505, 513) und war mit seinen geringen Truppen im Mai 1861 bei Manassas Junction stationiert (vgl. Freeman: Robert E. Lee, a.a.O., S. 505); sein erstes Hauptquartier war Culpeper Courthouse (vgl. Freeman: Robert E. Lee, a.a.O., S. 505 Anm. 104). Ruffin hat erhebliche Zweifel an der Eignung Cocke's (vgl. Ruffin Diary II 13); seit Ende Mai Col CSA-Troops. Im Juni 1861 war Col Philip St. George Cocke mit der 19th Virginia Infantry in Culpeper C. H. stationiert (vgl. Black­ford: Letters from Lee's Army, a.a.O., S. 12). Blackford beschreibt ihn als "an excitable person, with an exaggerated opinion of the importance of his position as commander in Culpeper. He had around him a number of young snobs, who, in the capacity of his aids, were rendering him ridiculous and themselves odious" (vgl. Blackford, a.a.O., S. 12). Brigadekommandeur 5th Brigade in 1st Manas­sas; seit 21.10.1861 BrigGen; kurz darauf gesundheitlich schwer angeschlagen nach Hause zurückgekehrt; Selbstmord am 25.12.1861 (vgl. Longacre: Pickett, a.a.O., S. 62; Alexander, E. Porter: "Sketch of Longstreet's Division," Southern Historical Socie­ty Papers, 9 (1881): 515; Boatner gibt dagegen den 26.12.1861 an); in 1st Bull Run war Cocke Brigadekommandeur der Fifth Briga­de (1st Louisiana Battalion, 8th Virginia, 18th Virginia, 19th Virginia, 28th Virginia, 49th Virginia). Cocke war z. Zt. seines Selbst­mords Brigadekommandeur der, seit 1st Bull Run *Cock Game Brigade, genannten Brigade (vgl. Longacre: Pickett, a.a.O., S. 62).

 

Photo:

- Davis: Battle of Bull Run, a.a.O., nach S. 106

 

 

Cockerill, John A.:

US-Musician; Co. F&S, 24th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park soldiers M552 Roll 20).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Cockerill, John A.: „A Boy at Shiloh.“ Under Both Flags (Chicago, 1896).

 

 

Cockerill, Joseph R.:

US-Col; in der Vorkriegszeit Politiker der Democratic Party (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 171); Col 70th Ohio Infantry; Im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh gehörte die 70th Ohio Infantry zur 4th Brigade Col Ralph P. *Buckland 5th Division BrigGen William T. Sherman in Grant's Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 320, 131); Daniel gibt als Regimentskommandeur in Shiloh “Col De Will Clinton Loudon an (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 131); die Angabe ist allerdings falsch, im Battle of Shiloh war Col Joseph R. *Cockerill Regimentskommandeur der 70th Ohio Infantry (vgl. Grant, U. S.: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh; in: B&L, vol. I, a.a.O., S. 538; DeHaas, Wills: Battle of Shiloh; in Annals of the War, a.a.O., S. 681).

 

 

Cockrell, Francis M.:

CS-Col; zunächst First Sergeant, Co. E, 6th Regiment Missouri Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M390 Roll 9).

 

Eingesetzt in Grant's Vicksburg Campaign auf der Louisiana Seite gegenüber Grand Gulf; Cockrell überquerte auf Befehl von BrigGen *Bowen am 4.4.1863 mit Cockrell's Brigade (1st und 2nd Missouri Infantry sowie einer Section der Artillerie) den Missi­ssippi von Grand Gulf nach Hard Times, wo er mit McClernand's auf dem Vormarsch gegen New Carthage befindlichen Vorhut am 8.4.1863 bei Ione Plantation Fühlung nahm (Winschel, Triumph and Defeat, a.a.O., S. 22; Karte bei Winschel, a.a.O., S. 23). Ione Plantation wurde von der 69th Indiana unter Col. Thomas W. Bennett verteidigt (Winschel, a.a.O., S. 24). Am 15.4.1863 griff Cock­rell mit der 1st Missouri den US-Kavallerievorposten bei Dunbar's Plantation und mit den übrigen Teilen bei Ione Plantation Bennet­t's 69th Indiana Infantry an.

 

Photo:

- Winschel, Triumph and Defeat, a.a.O., S. 22

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Anderson, Ephraim McD.: Memoirs: Historical and Personal; Including the Campaigns of the First Missouri Confederate Brigade; edited by Edwin C. Bearss (Dayton, 1972)

 

 

Cody, Darwin:

US-Quartermaster Sergeant; 1st Regiment Ohio Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 20).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Cody, Darwin: "Letters of Cody Darwin", Ohio History 68 (1959), S. 394-95 (erwähnt bei Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 574 n 14)

 

 

Cody, William (Buffalo Bill):

als 15jähriger war Cody Postreiter des Pony Express (vgl. Josephy: The Civil War in the West, a.a.O., S. 9). 'Col' Cody besaß in den 1850er Jahren eine große Farm in Kansas und nahm auf der Seite der Abolitionisten oder Free Staters am Wakarusa War teil (vgl. Williams, E. W. (ed.): With the Border Ruffians. Memories of the Far West, 1852-1868 by R. H. Williams (New York: E. P. Dutton and Co., 1907); Bibliothek Ref Internet-Datei, MilAmerik125, S. 41-43, 49).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Cody, William F.: An Autobiography of Buffalo Bill Cody (New York, 1920)

 

 

Coe, Hamlin Alexander:

US-Third Sergeant; Co. E, 19th Regiment Michigan Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M545 Roll 8); Coe joined the 19th Michigan and was made a Corporal within a week. He served for three years with this unit fighting against Morgan's Cavalry and with Sherman in Atlanta

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Coe, Hamlin Alexander: Mine Eyes have seen the Glory: Combat Diaries of Union Sergeant Hamlin Alexander Coe. (ed. David Coe; Cranbury, N. J.; Fairleigh Dickinson Press: Rutherford 1975)

 

 

Coey, James:

US-Captain; 147th New York Infantry Brig; BrigGen Lysander *Cutler 1st Division BrigGen James S. *Wadsworth I Army Corps MajGen Abner *Doubleday, Meade's Army of the Potomac und nahm am Battle von Gettysburg teil.; am 1.7.1863 eingesetzt im Rah­men von Cutler's Brigade nördlich des Bloody Railroad Gap (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 111, 117, 118).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Coey, James: "Cutler's Brigade", National Tribune, 17. July 1915

 

 

Coffee, Alexander:

CS-Pvt; Clutter's Company Virginia Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 11).

 

 

Coffee, Alexander B.:

CS-1stLt; Co. A, 17th Battalion Tennessee Cavalry (Sanders') (vgl. National Park Soldiers M231 Roll 9).

 

 

Coffee, Alexander D.:

CS-Captain; Co. C, 16th Regiment Alabama Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 9).

 

 

Coffin, Charles Carleton:

US-Journalist; Coffin was a War Correspondent who wrote a number of books about the war and soldiers.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Coffin, Charles C. Drum-Beat of the Nation (Harper Bros, N.Y. 1898)

- Coffin, Charles C.: Eyewitness to Gettysburg (White Mane); Taken from Coffin's "Marching to Victory," this details the horror of the battlefield after Pickett's Charge where wounded were calling for help. Coffin was a War Correspondent who wrote a number of books about the war and soldiers.

- Coffin, Charles C.: Marching to Victory (Harper Bros, N.Y. 1889)

- Coffin, Charles C.: Redeeming the Republic: The Third Period of the War of the Rebellion in the Year 1864 (Harper Bros, N.Y. 1890)

- Coffin, Charles C.: Stories of our Soldiers: War Reminiscenses by "Carleton" and by Soldiers of New England (1st Edition); Con­taining stories written and published in the Boston Journal, as well as the original illustrations that accompanied the articles, 262 pp plus errata

- Coffin, Charles Carleton: Four Years of Fighting: A Volume of Personal Observations with the Army and Navy (Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 1866

 

 

Cogley, Thomas C.:

US-Lt; 7th Indiana Cavalry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Cogley, Thomas C. (1st Lieutenant, Co. "F"): History of the Seventh Indiana Cavalry (1876, reprint Morningside, 306 pp, Index, Rosters, Photos)

 

 

Cogswell, Leander:

US-Captain; Co. 'D' 11th New Hampshire Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Cogswell, Leander (Capt, Co "D"): A History of the 11th New Hampshire Regiment Volunteer Infantry in the Rebellion War 1861-1865 ( Concord 1891)

 

 

Cogswell, Milton:

US-Colonel 42nd New York Infantry ("Tammany Regiment"; vgl Farwell, Ball's Bluff, a.a.O., S. 53). Cogswell war Berufsoffizier; West Point (11/42); anschließend Inspektionsoffizier in West Point (Schofield: Forts-Six Years, a.a.O., S. 13); bei Kriegsbeginn war Cogswell Captain der US-Army.

 

 

Cogswell, William:

US-Col; im Oktober 1863 war Cogswell Regimentskommandeur 2nd Massachusetts Infantry / Slocum's XII Army Corps (vgl. Wel­cher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 149).

 

 

Cogswell, William S.:

US-Major; Co. IFS, 5th Regiment Connecticut Infantry; Cogswell trat als 1stLt in das Regiment ein; später Captain Co,. I (vgl. National Park Soldiers M353 Roll 4);

 

Das 5tr Regiment Connecticut Infantry gehörte 1862 zu Pope's Army of Virginia. Cogswell kommandierte am 28.7.1862 eine Erkundung von Culpe­per, Va. nach *Racoon Ford, Va. (Ortschaft in Virginia und Flußübergang über den Rapidan River nördlich von *Orange Court House [Karte bei Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 18; Davis Nr. 23. 4 und 85.3], 5 Meilen östlich von Mitchell's Ford). Cogswell be­schreibt die Furt als sehr gut passierbar, bei niedrigen Wasser nur knietief (vgl. Williams S. Cogswell's Report OR 12 [2] S. 109-110).

 

 

Coker, James L.:

CS-Major; zunächst Captain; Co. G, 9th Regiment South Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M381 Roll 7); später Captain Co. E, 6th Regiment South Carolina Infantry, dann Major Co. F&S, 6th Regiment South Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Sol­diers M381 Roll 7).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Coker, James L.: History of Company G Ninth S.C. Regiment, Infantry S.C. Army and of Company E, Sixth S.C. Regiment Infantry C.S. Army (The Attic Press: Greenwood, S.C.)

 

 

Coker, Francis Marion:

CS-+++; Teilnahme am Battle of Fredericksburg 1862 (vgl. Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 75 Anm. 17)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Coker, Francis Marion: Letter to his Wife vom 18.12.1862 (Hodgson Heidler Collection, University of Georgia, Athens)

 

 

Colburn, Ledyard:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 12th Regiment Connecticut Infantry; Colburn trat als LtCol in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 4); ; Battle of Georgia Landing bei *Labadieville / Louisiana am 27.10.1862 (vgl. Nosworthy: Bloody Crucible, a.a.O., S. 8).

 

 

Colby, E., jr.:

US-+++; 1st Illinois Light Artillery

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Colby, E., Jr.: Letters (Shiloh National Military Park, Shiloh / Tennessee)

 

 

Colcock, Col.:

CS-Col; erwähnt bei Chestnut: A Diary of Dixie, a.a.O., S. 2

 

 

Colding, John B.:

CS-+++; Co. G, 60th Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. Gallagher: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 223n6)

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Colding, John B.: Papers, Georgia Department of Archives and History

 

 

Cole, Arthur C.:

amerikanischer Historiker der Irrepressible-Conflict-School (vgl. Vorbemerkung); geboren 1886 in Ann Arbor / Michigan, graduiert 1907 an der University von Michigan; seit 1912 Professor an der University of Illinois +++ s. weiter Simon; in Vorwort zu Cole, Aera of the Civil War, a.a.O., S. xii

 

- Cole, Arthur C.: The Irrepressible Conflikt, 1850-1865 (A History of American Life, vol. 7; 1934)

- Cole, Arthur C.: The Era of the Civil War 1848-1870 (= Volume 3 Centennial History of Illinois), 1919, reprint 1987

 

 

Cole, Arthur H.:

CS-Col; Stabsmitglied im CS-Quartermaster Department in Richmond; Cole wurde im April 1864 nach Dalton zu Johnston's Army of Tennessee gesandt, um die Transportkapazitäten von Johnston's Army zu überprüfen (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 102; OR 32.3: 772-774).

 

 

Cole, Dan:

US-Scout

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol II, a.a.O., S. 96

 

 

Cole, Danford D.:

US-Pvt; Co H 12th Michigan Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Danford D. Cole: Letters, 1865-1866, and legal file, 1892-1909; 37 items. Twenty-two letters from Private Danford D. Cole, Com­pany H, Twelfth Michigan Infantry, to his wife, Eunice, in Andover, New York. Four letters, March 2-24, 1865, are from Camp Blair, Jackson, Michigan. Four letters, dated May 15 - June 1, 1865, are from DuVall's Bluff (Prairie County). The balance, dated July 4, 1865, to January 4, 1866, are from Washington (Hempstead County) and Camden (Ouachita County). The letters comment on the feelings of the civilian population of Arkansas and their reactions to the end of the war, including a few interesting incidents of conti­nued resistance after the closing of hostilities. The legal documents pertain to Eunice Cole's efforts in securing a widow's pension from the Federal government after Danford's death. (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compi­led by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Cole, Henry A.:

US-Col; Co. A und F&S, 1st Regiment, Maryland Cavalry, Potomac Home Brigade; Cole stellte zunächst als Captain die Co. A des Regiments auf (vgl. National Park Soldiers M388 Roll 2).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Tischler, Allan L: The History of the Harper‘s Ferry Expedition, September 14 & 15, 1862 (Five Cedars Press, 1993); 345 pp; Map­ped Endpapers; Photos; Fold-Out Maps; Index; Biblio; Notes; Appendices. Detail of cavalry actions at Harpers Ferry between Cole's Cavalry (1st Maryland), 12th Virginia Cavalry, Loudoun Rangers, 7th Rhode Island Cavalry, 12th Illinois Cavalry, 8th New York Ca­valry

 

 

Cole, Jacob H.:

US-Pvt; Co. A&G, 57th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 26).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Cole, Jacob H. (Co. A, 57th N.Y.): Under Five Commanders (News Printing Co. Patterson N.J., 1906)

 

 

Cole, William H.:

US-Pvt; Co. K, 109th Regiment New York Infantry

 

The case of Pvt. William H. Cole, 109th New York Volunteer Infantry, resulted in several letters and petitions sent on his behalf. Cole was charged with raping Mrs. Olivia (Alvisa) Brown, a fifty-five-year-old woman, while stationed near Laurel, Maryland. In the spring of 1864 Cole was convicted and sentenced to ten years of hard labor at a penitentiary in New York. The sentence was appro­ved by President Lincoln (vgl. General Orders, No. 170, War Department, Apr. 21, 1864, RG 94, NARA). Four members of the 109th New York Infantry submitted an affidavit on Cole's behalf. Privates Bills, Brink, Tripp, and Quinn claimed that the inhabitants of the house where the alleged rape took place (Nicholas and Alvisa Brown and their daughter, Ellen Elizabeth England) were not moral ci­tizens. "We each of us further depose that we are satisfied that the said Alvisa and the said Ellen are lewd women and that the said Nicholas Brown is cognizant of the fact that they keep a bawdy house."

 

The colonel and lieutenant colonel of the 109th New York Regiment also submitted a letter to Abraham Lincoln. In the letter the co­lonels state that "this crime when committed upon a strictly virtuous woman we have nothing to say. We admit it's enormity and con­cede that no punishment can be too severe." The officers go on to state in regard to Mrs. Brown, "that the character of the woman if not absolutely bad, was such at least as was well calculated to invite the advances of a soldier. She is not a woman of fair reputation in her neighborhood and beyond question she encouraged soldiers to visit her house where she supplied them with whiskey & where her conversation and conduct were well calculated to influence and excite to violence the passions of a drunken man." The colonels claimed that Cole had been sufficiently punished by time already served in jail and recommended that he be returned to duty. Capt. William Warwick, commanding Company K, submitted a letter stating that Private Cole's "conduct as a soldier was good" and that he knows the family reputation of Nicholas Brown and "that the reputation of the said family is bad." He further endorsed the reliability of the statements made in the affidavit by Bills, Brink, Tripp, and Quinn.

 

Thirty-five citizens from Nichols, New York, signed a petition to President Lincoln in July of 1864 requesting that Private Cole be pardoned and returned to his unit. In the petition members of his community wrote, "Your petitioners further represent that we have been acquainted with the said William H. Cole from his childhood and that he has been a peaceable and quiet citizen and that we have never heard any charge or complaint against him or anything against his character as a good citizen except that he was occasio­nally a little wild." In light of all the letters and petitions Lincoln finally wrote, "Pardon, according to above request." (File NN751, entry 15, Court-Martial Case Files, RG 153, NARA. Part of this case is related in Thomas P. Lowry, The Story the Soldiers Wouldn't Tell: Sex in the Civil War1 [1994], pp. 128-129). President Lincoln pardoned Pvt. William H. Cole the same day the request was made by Congressman Giles Waldo Hotchkiss of New York. (NARA, Records of the Office of the Judge Advocate General (Army), RG 153). Cole was spared the remaining ten years of hard labor, released from the penitentiary in Albany, New York, and returned to duty with the 109th New York (vgl. Special Orders, No. 264, War Department, Aug. 9, 1864, RG 94, NARA).

 

 

Coleman, Augustus H.:

US-LtCol; Co. F&S, 11th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 20).

 

11th Ohio Infantry; Coleman kommandierte im Sommer einen US-Vorposten in Gauley, West Virginia (vgl. Report von LtCol Augustus H. Coleman OR 12 [2] S. 108).

 

20.10.1829 Miami County / Ohio - † gef. 17.9.1862 Antietam

 

One of the heroes of the war of the Rebellion whose memory is proudly cherished by the citizens of Miami county is Augustus H. Coleman, the son of Dr. Asa and Mary Kiefer Coleman. His ancestors were of Revolutionary stock, and in every war of the nation from that of 1776 some of the family have been soldiers. Colonel Coleman was born in Troy, October 29, 1829, and received his elementary education in the Troy schools. In June, 1847, he entered as a cadet the Military Academy at West Point, from which he graduated a fine scholar, and a thorough soldier in 1851. After his graduation he returned home, and occupied himself in the peaceful life of a farmer. When President Lincoln issued his call for seventy-five thousand men, A. H. Colemnn responded, and in forty-eight hours he raised Company D, Eleventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and went with them to Columbus, Ohio, where he was unanimously chosen captain of the company, when they reached Columbus April 26, 1861. Upon the organization of the regiment he was made major, his commission bearing date April 29, 1861. The regiment re-enlisted for three years, and was mustered into service on the 20th of June, 1861, and on the 7th Of July was ordered to the Kanawha valley, and attached to the division of troops commanded by General J. D. Cox. Major Coleman was promoted to the rank of lieutenant-colonel on the 9th of January, 1862. His military education was of great benefit to the regiment, for he was a. good drill master, and in a short time had brought the command to such a high standard of drill and discipline that its reputation extended all through the army, and it was always called upon to serve when the duty was hard, and demanded the best drilled troops. There was some dissatisfaction at the rigid discipline, but when the experience of war made the men veterans they appreciated the military instructions of the officer, and loved the man for his thoughtful care of his men and his gallant bravery. In time of danger and peril he was especially vigilant and watchful, and took every precaution against surprise, visiting his picket lines in person, and remaining near the most exposed positions. On the 12th of September, 1862, the Kanawha division, under the command of General Cox, was moving on the rebel lines near Frederick City, Maryland, and in the battle the rebels captured two pieces of artillery. General Cox called to Colonel Coleman: "Will the Eleventh recover those guns?" The colonel formed his men, gave the orders, led the attack, and with a shout defiance the gallant Ohio boys dashed at the rebels, drove them from the guns, and with the spirit of battle upon them they pressed on the rebel lines, advanced into the city, and only halted in their brave and gallant charge when the enemy was defeated and in hasty retreat. The next day the battle of South Mountain was fought, and the regiment and its colonel won new laurels for splendid work on the field of battle. In that engagement circumstances were such that Colonel Coleman not only showed that he was an efficient commander of a regiment, but he displayed the ability that marks a successful commander and had his life been spared he would have soon been trusted as a general.
In the battle of Antietam this flower of the chivalry of Miami county died while leading his regiment across the famous stone bridge. On the 7th of September an assault was ordered on the stone bridge, but the enemy's fire was so severe that the troops wavered and fell back. Then came an order from General McClellan, "Carry the bridge at all hazards." The troops were reformed, and the Eleventh Regiment was placed in front, to lead the storming party. Steadily, swiftly and with the resolution to conquer or die, Coleman led his gallant men on the bullet-swept bridge, and there was mortally wounded. Seeing their colonel fall, the regiment wavered for a moment, and then to revenge their colonel's death, they rallied, pressed on, crossed the bridge, scaled the bluffs and drove the rebels from their position. And thus died on the field of honor one of the bravest soldiers Miami county ever sent forth to battle for the Union and the flag. Before the war he was married to Miss Clara Shaffer, and by this union had two children, Rachael Angusta and George Edwin, both of them married and living in the state of Washington. His widow, after the war, married A. R. Byrkett, an able lawyer, and they are also living in the state of Washington. The Grand Army Post of Troy bears the name of the A. H. Coleman Post. The Women's Relief Corps bears the name of Coleman, and some time in the future the writer hopes that a monument will be erected in the public square of Troy to the memory of the gallant soldiers of Miami county who fell upon the field of battle (vgl. Miami County / OH, Biography 1990, in: findagrave.com, Abruf v. 30.3.2017)

 

 

Coleman, Clayton G.:

CS-LtCol, später Surgeon; 1840 Roxbury, New Kent County / Va. - 7.10.1908; VMI 1856-1858; graduierte nicht; coleman verlies das VMI 1858 und studierte anschließend Medizin an der University of Virginia und am Medical College of Virginia; dort graduiert März 1861; Lt Col 23rd Virginia Infantry (1861-62), anschließend Physician im Confederate Medical Department; nach Kriegsende zu­nächst als Arzt tätig; 1871 Civil Engineer; verheiratet mit Anna Sherrard Breedin, der Tochter von Enoch C. und Lucy Singleton Breedin aus Winchester / Va.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Coleman, Clayton G. (Lt Col 23rd Virginia Infantry): Papers (VMI-Archive)

 

 

Coleman, Lewis Minor:

CS-LtCol; +++Virginia Artillery; Vorkriegszeit Professor für Latein und Literatur an der Universität of Virginia; obwohl er aufgrund seines Alters und Berufs nicht zum Militärdienst eingezogen werden konnte, schloß sich Coleman als Private der Virginia Artillery an; im Battle of Fredericksburg auf dem rechten CS-Flügel eingesetzt, erlitt er am 13.12.1862 eine schmerzhafte Bein-Verwundung an der an Wundbrand nach langer Agonie am 21.3.1863 starb (vgl..: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 68-70).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Burrows, John Lansing: The Christian Scholar and Soldier. Memoirs of Lewis Minor Coleman ... Lieut. Col First Regiment Virginia Artillery (Richmond: Smith, Bailey, 1864)

 

 

Coleman, Thomas K.:

CS-Major; zunächst Captain Co C, dann Major 4th Alabama Infantry; gefallen im Battle of Chickamauga

 

 

Coleman, Tom:

CS-++++; 11th Texas Cavalry; Teilnahme am Battle of Pea Ridge am 7.3.1862 (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 97).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Coleman, Tom (11th Texas Cavalry)Coleman Letters; in: Coleman-Hayter Letters, University of Missouri; Columbia, Western Historical Manuscript Collection

- Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 84).

 

 

Coler, William N.:

US-Col, 25th Illinois Infantry; im Frühjahr 1862 gehörte das Regiment zur 1st Brigade Col Peter J. Osterhaus in 1st Division Peter J. Osterhaus in Samuel Ryan Curtis' Army of the South West. Besetzung von Springfield Missouri am 13.1.1862, Battle of Pea Ridge (vgl. Shea / Hess, Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 331).

 

 

Coles, Robert Thornton Jr.:

CS-+++, aus Madison County; 4th Alabama Infantry, Adjutant 4th Alabama Infantry; im Battle of Gaines Mill verwundet.

 

Photo:

- Penny / Laine: Law's Alabama Brigade, a.a.O., S. 11

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Coles, Robert T.: From Huntsville to Appomattox: R. T. Coles's History of 4th Regiment, Alabama Volunteer Infantry, C.S.A., Army of Northern Virginia, ed. by Jeffrey D. Stocker. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1996 [Original manuscript at Alabama De­partment of Archives and History, Montgomery, AL]

 

 

Colgrove, Silas:

US-Col, 1862 Col. 27th Indiana Infantry, Battle of Cedar Mountain (vgl. Battles and Leaders Vol. II., S. 496); die 27th Indiana rückte während der Abwehr von Lee's Maryland Campaign am 12.9.1862 in das von CS-Truppen frei gewordene *Frederick City / Mary­land ein, wo zwei Soldaten von Peter *Kop's Company Robert E. Lee's Gesamtbefehl für die Maryland Campaign vom 9.9.1862 fan­den. Colgrove erkannte sofort die Bedeutung des Fundes und leitete ihn direkt an das Corpskommando des XII Army Corps Joseph K. F. *Mansfield weiter (vgl. Sears, Landscape Turned Red, a.a.O., S. 112).

 

 

Collier, Elizabeth:

Elizabeth Collier was a young woman who lived at Everittsville, a village near Goldsboro, N.C. In 1865, she took refuge in Hillsbo­rough, N.C. The collection contains the Civil War diary of Collier, which details her reactions to the war.

 

The diary entry of Elizabeth Collier on April 20, 1865, covered the last few days of fighting in Bentonville, and interaction between the women of her family and Union soldiers who have begun to pillage Goldsboro for supplies and necessities. Collier, a passionate supporter of the Confederate forces, refused entry to many soldiers who are in search of supplies. She used words such as “cowardly” and “wretches” to describe the soldiers as they held a gun to the “helpless women” demanding they give supplies to him. She descri­bed that while they were left alone inside their home after this incident, the Union forces destroyed the majority of their property out­side of the home. Collier described one soldier that described the Collier family and "felt sorry" for them since they had so little for the soldiers to take. In the end of the diary entry Collier discussed her and her family leaving Goldsboro by way of Confederate pro­tection. When she saw the Confederate soldiers she described them as "bright, open, and cheerful." (vgl. Collier, Elizabeth, Diary of Elizabeth Collier, April 20, 1865, Civil War Era NC, accessed June 12, 2015, http://history.ncsu.edu/projects/ cwnc/items/show/664).

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Collier, Elizabeth Collier Diary 1861-1865, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

 

 

Collins, George K.:

US-Captain, 149th New York Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Collins, Capt George K.: Memoirs of the 149th New York Volunteers (Syracuse: Published by the Author, 1891); history covering organization in 1862 until the Grand Review. Written by the Regimental Historian, this book covers camp life, duty in and around Harper's Ferry and the Shenandoah and battles at Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Lookout Mountain, Chattanooga, Kenesaw Mountain, Atlanta, the March to the Sea with complete rosters of unit; 480 pp, illustrated

 

 

Collins, George P.:

CS-2ndLt; Co. G., 17th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (2nd Organization) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 8); aus North Carolina (vgl. Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 10 iVm. S. 224N18).

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Collins, George P. (2ndLt; Co. G., 17th North Carolina Infantry): Letter to Miss Mary 18.8.1863, Pettigrew Family Papers, North Carolina Division of Archives and History

 

 

Collins, Josiah:

CS-1stLt; Co. K, 1st Regiment North Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 8).

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Collins, Josiah: Papers. North Carolina Division of Archives and History

 

 

Collins, M. N.:

US-LtCol; während Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 1863 war Collins Regimentskommandeur der 11th New Hampshire Infantry, 2nd Division Potter, IX Army Corps John G. Parke (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, a.a.O., vol. III S. 1145).

 

 

Collis, Charles Henry Tucky:

US-Col 114th Pennsylvania Infantry; Collis' original command, an independent company of Zouaves d'Afrique, battled Stonewall Jackson in the 1862 Shenandoah Valley campaign. Recruited in the summer of 1862 from Philadelphia and surrounding counties, its members were older and more highly skilled than the average Union soldier. Collis' Zouaves participated in many of the major battles of the war, including Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and Petersburg. Collis erhielt für sein Verhalten im Battle of Fre­dericksburg 1862 im Jahr 1893 die Congressional Medal of Honor (vgl. Beyer / Keydel [eds.]: Deeds of Valor, a.a.O., S. 112/13).

 

Photo:

- Beyer / Keydel, a.a.O., S. 112

 

 

Colquitt, Alfred Holt:

1824-1894; CS-BrigGen; 1844 Graduate von Princeton; Rechtsanwalt; im Mexiko Krieg Staff Major, anschließend Mitglied des US House of Representatives und des Georgia Senats; Colquitt war ein glühender Anhänger der Sezession; bereits Ausbruch der Feindse­ligkeiten wurde er zum Captain einer Kompanie im 6th Georgia Regiment und im Mai 1861 zum Colonel 6th Georgia Infantry ge­wählt. Colquitt wurde bald Brigade Kommandeur von *Colquitt’s Brigade; eingesetzt bei Antietam, South Mountain/Turner’s Gap (dort Gegner der *Iron Brigade; Karte bei Gramm, Kent: „They must be made on Iron“. The Ascent of South Mountain; in: Nolan/Vi­pond: Giants in their Black Hats. Essays on the Iron Brigade, a.a.O, S. 19), Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville. Die Brigade umfaßte 5 Regimenter mit ca. 1100 Mann: 6th Georgia, 23rd Georgia, 27th Georgia, 28th Georgia, 13th Alabama, 1 Art. Battery (Gramm, a.a.O., S. 18).

 

Nach der umstrittenen Führung Colquitt’s in der Schlacht von Chancellorsville wird die Brigade nach North Carolina verlegt und tritt erst wieder 1863 bei der Verteidigung von Charleston in Erscheinung. Anschließend wird sie in Flori­da eingesetzt (umfaßt jetzt 6th Georgia, 19th Georgia, 23rd Georgia, 27th Georgia, 28th Georgia, Chatham Georgia Artillery, Leon Light Florida Artillery) und nimmt erfolgreich als „Held von Olustee“ an der Schlacht von Olustee teil. Anschließend 1864-65 in Lee’s Army of Virginia und dann bis Kriegsende Einsatz mit seiner Brigade in North Carolina. Nach dem Krieg war Colquitt Gouver­neur von Georgia und später US-Senator.

 

 

Colston, Frederick M.:

CS-Captain; früherer Untergebener von Edward Alexander Porter in dessen Battalion of Artillery (vgl. Gallagher: Introduction zu Porter: "Fighting for the Confederacy", a.a.O., S. xvi); 1863 war Colston Captain in einem Battalion in E. P. Alexander's Artillery, I. Army Corps Longstreet (vgl. Colston, Frederick M.: "Gettysburg as We Saw It"; in: Confederate Veteran 5 [1897], S. 551).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Campbell-Colston Papers, Southern Historical Collection, folder 16 (Fundstelle bei Gallagher: Introduction zu Porter: "Fighting for the Confederacy", a.a.O., S. 555 Anm. 16)

- Colston, Frederick M.: "The Campaign of Gettysburg"; in Campbell-Colston Papers, Southern Historical Collection

- Colston, Frederick M.: "Gettysburg as We Saw It"; in: Confederate Veteran 5 (1897), S. 551-53

 

 

Colston, Raleigh Edward:

CS-BrigGen.; in der Vorkriegszeit Major und Professor am *Virginia Military Institut in Lexington / VA (vgl. Wood, James H. [Cap­tain Co. "D", 37th Virginia Infantry Regiment]: "The War - 'Stonewall' Jackson, His Campaigns and Battles. The Regiment as I saw Them." a.a.O., S. 7). Colston war vermutlich unter dem Pseudonym *"R.E.C." der Autor eines einflußreichen Artikels im 'Southern Literary Messenger' vom Januar 1858 über Infanterietak­tik der französischen Chasseur à Pied und der Zouaven im Algerienkrieg sowie der Auswirkungen moderner Infanterie­waffen und die Auswirkungen auf moderne Infanterietaktik, und deren Übernahme durch französische und preußische Taktik-Theore­tiker (vgl. Nos­worthy: Bloody Crucible, a.a.O., S. 87-88). Nach Kriegsausbruch wurde Colston Col 16th Virginia Infantry (vgl. Nos­worthy: Bloody Crucible, a.a.O., S. 88).

 

 

Coltart, J. G.:

CS-Col; 26th Alabama Infantry; im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh am 6.4.1862 gehörte das Regiment zur 1st Brigade Brig­Gen Adley H. Gladden 2nd Division BrigGen Jones M. Withers II. Army Corps MajGen Braxton Bragg in A. S. Johnston’s Army of the Mississippi (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 321); eingesetzt am frühen Morgen des 6.4.1862 beim erfolgreichen CS-Angriff bei Spain Field südlich Shiloh Church gegen die US-Truppen bestehend aus 2nd Brigade Col Madison Miller 6th Division BrigGen Ben­jamin M. *Prentiss in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 156 mit Karte S. 146).

 

 

Comte de Paris, Prince Louis Philipp Albert d'Orleans:

US-Captain

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Comte de Paris, Prince Philippe: Journal, Fondation Saint-Louis, Ambois/France; a typescript copy at the US Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks/PA

- Comte de Paris, +++: "The Civil War in America"

- Comte de Paris, Prince Louis Philipp Albert d'Orleans: The Battle of Gettysburg (Philadelphia: Porter & Coates, 1886)

 

 

Colwell, Wilson:

US-Captain; Co. B, 2nd Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 6).

 

13.4.1827 in Kittanning, Pennsylvania - † 14.9.1862 gef. Battle of South Mountain (vgl. Nolan: Giants in their Black Hats, a.a.O., S. 22); er ging möglicherweise absichtlich in den Tod, nachdem ein Unbekannter in einem Brief an den Wisconsin Governor unbegrün­dete Zweifel am persönlichen Mut von Colwell geäußert hatte (vgl. Nolan: Giants in their Black Hats, a.a.O., S. 22). Colwell war bei seinen Soldaten sehr geschätzt (vgl. Nolan: Giants in their Black Hats, a.a.O., S. 16).

 

Colwell stammte aus Industriellenfamilie (Eisenwerke); nach Studi­um am Jefferson College arbeitete Colwell mit seinem Vater zu­sammen, zog später nach La Crosse, Wisconsin und gründete dort 1858 die Katanyan Bank, die bis Kriegsausbruch prosperierte; Re­publikaner (vgl. Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O., S. 35, 37-39, 71). Kurz vor Kriegsausbruch war Colwell zum Major von La Crosse gewählt worden (vgl. Nolan: Giants in their Black Hats, a.a.O., S. 22).

 

Photo:

- www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 31.5.2016 (Photo zeigt Colwell in Paradeuniform

- Nolan: Giants in their Black Hats, a.a.O., S. 21

 

 

Comly, James Munroe Stuart:

US-BrigGen; 1832-87; aus Ohio; 24.10.1861 Major 23rd Ohio Infantry. Bei Pack's Ferry, WVa. befand sich im Sommer 1862 ein US-Stützpunkt von 4 Kompanien der 23rd Ohio Infantry unter Major James M. Comly, der am 6.8.1862 von einem CS-Regiment un­ter Führung von CS-Col Gabriel C. Wharton aus Richtung Peterstown angegriffen wurde (vgl. Report von Jakob D. Cox OR 12 [2] S. 127; Report Col E. Parker Scammon OR 12 [2] S. 128; Report MajGen William W. Loring OR 12 [2] S. 129; Karte bei Davis Nr. 141). LtCol 24.10.1862; Col 11.1.1865; BrigGen war Service. Comly war Journalist, Zeitungsverleger und ein bekannter Historiker (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 168).

 

 

Compton, Charles E.:

US-LtCol; Co. F&S, 53rd Regiment US Colored Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M589 Roll 18); zuvor Major Co. F&S, 47th Regiment US Colored Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M589 Roll 18); zuvor Captain, Co. I, 11th Regiment Iowa Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M541 Roll 5), zuerst Sergeant/Sergeant Major, Co. A, 1st Regiment Iowa Infantry (3 months, 1861) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M541 Roll 5).

 

Compton war im im April 1865 Passagier auf der USS Sultana (eingeschifft am 20.4.1865 in New Orleans [vgl. Salecker: Disaster on the Mississippi, a.a.O., S. 34]); entging jedoch dem Untergang des Schiffes, da er bereits in Memphis 'disembarked' (vgl. Passagierliste der USS Sultana, abgedruckt bei Salecker: Disaster on the Mississippi, a.a.O., S. 223).

 

 

Compton, B. S.:

US-Col; 14th Missouri Infantry (Birge's Sharpshooters);

 

Das Regiment gehörte im Battle of Shiloh unter Col Compton zur 2nd Briga­de BrigGen John *McArthur 2nd Division W.H.L. Wallace Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 319; Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh, B & L, a.a.O., I, S. 537 ff).

 

 

Compton, George:

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Compton, George: Papers (Illinois State Historical Society, Springfield / Illinois)

- Compton, George: Civil War Diary of George Compton Beginning May 1st, 1865 (Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield / Il­linois)

 

 

Compton, William B.:

CS-Captain, CS-Spion; Vetter von Belle *Boyd (vgl. Markle: Spies, a.a.O., S. 155).

 

 

Comstock, Cyrus Ballou:

US-MajGen, c. 1831-1910; aus Massachusetts; West Point 1855 (1/35), Engineers; ++++ (vgl. Boatner S. 168/69); als Lt und Chief Engineer des Corps of Engineers im Battle of Fredericksburg im Dezember 1862 eingesetzt beim Bau der beiden oberen Ponton Brücken über den Rappahannock (vgl. Comstock Report; in: Luvaas / Nelson: Guide, a.a.O., S. 7). Seit Mai 1864 aide-de-camp in Grant's Stab (Porter, Campaining with Grant, a.a.O., S. 33); Battle of Wilderness (Porter, Campaining with Grant, a.a.O., S. 59); Chief Engineer of the Army of the Tennessee and Aide de Camp to Grant, Comstock served at the siege of Vicksburg, Ft. Fisher, Wil­derness, Chancellorsville and other major battles

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Comstock, Cyrus: The Diary of Cyrus Comstock (Morningside, Dayton); Edited by Merlin Sumner (August 1995)

- **Comstock, Cyrus B.: Memoir of John Newton (1823-1895), Read before the National Academy, November 13, 1901

 

 

Conant, Horace A.:

US-Major, aide de camp unter Lyon in Missouri 1861 (vgl. Snead, B&L I S. 267).

 

 

Conerly, L. W.:

CS-+++; Quitman Guards, Co. E. 16th Mississippi Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Conerly, L. W.: A Historical Sketch of the Quitman Guards, Company E, Sixteenth Mississippi Regiment (New Orleans: Isaac T. Hinton, 1866)

 

 

Conger, Seymour B.:

US-Captain; 3rd West Virginia Cavalry

 

Im Sommer 1863 gehörten 2 Co’s unter dem Befehl von Captain *Conger zur 2nd Cavalry Brigade Col Thomas C. Devin 1st Cavalry Division BrigGen John Buford Army of the Potomac (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 39; Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 454).

 

 

Conline, John:

US-Pvt; Co. E, 4th Regiment Vermont Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M557 Roll 3); original filed under 'Conlin'

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Conline, John (Pvt; Co. E, 4th Regiment Vermont Infantry): „Recollections of the Battle of Antietam and the Maryland Campaign.“ War Papers Read Before the Michigan Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Vol II. From December 7, 1893 to May 5, 1898 (James H. Stone Co., Printers: Detroit, 1898)

 

 

Connally, John Kerr:

CS-Col; Co. F&S, 55th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 8).

 

Vorkriegszeit: Midshipsman in Annapolis; Col. 55th North Carolina Infantry (Brigade Joseph R. *Davis); am 1.7.1863 einge­setzt nördlich des Chambersburg Pike und des Bloody Railroad Gap, am linken Flügel der Brigade Davis beim Angriff auf Seminary Ridge und hierbei getrennt von den übrigen rechts vorgehenden Regimentern der Brigade. Die 55th North Carolina Infantry stieß hierbei auf die rechts von Hall's Battery eingesetzten 76th New York Infantry und 56th Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. Martin: Gettys­burg, a.a.O., S. 107 mit Karte S. 103, Karte S. 150).

 

Connally wurde am 1.7.1863 beim Angriff seines Regiments auf die Flanke der 76th New York Infantry durch Schlußverletzungen schwer verwundet (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 109).

 

Nach a.A. am 3.7.1863 bei Gettysburg während Pettigrew's / Pickett's Charge verwundet und gefangengenommen (vgl. Wilson: Petti­grew, a.a.O., S. 72).

 

John Kerr Connally was born on September 3, 1839, in Jackson, Tennessee, and attended the U. S. Naval Academy. He lived in Yad­kin County, North Carolina when the war started. Connally was elected captain of Company B, 21st North Carolina on May 12, 1861. Promoted to colonel of the 55th North Carolina on May 19, 1862, Connally led his regiment at Gettysburg, where he was wounded, and later captured. He was wounded at Cold Harbor and in September 1864. Connally resigned his commission on March 7, 1865. After the war, Connally worked as a lawyer in Texas, and served in the Virginia state legislature (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

3.9.1839 Jackson/Tenn. - † 31.1.1904 North Carolina; beerd. Riverside Cemetery, Asheville, Buncombe County/North Carolina; °° mit Alice Thomas Connally (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

Col. John Kerr Connally (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Connelly, Jesse B.:

US-2ndLt; Co. I, 31st Regiment Indiana Infantry; he mustered in the regiment as a sergeant (vgl. National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 15).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Connelly, Jesse B. (Lt, Co. I, 31st Regiment Indiana Infantry): Diary (Indiana Historical Society, Indianapolis / Indiana)

 

 

Connelly, Thomas W.:

US-Pvt; Co. B, 70tr Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 21).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Connelly, Thomas L.: History of the Seventieth Ohio Regiment .... (Cincinnati: Peak Bohrs, 1902)

 

 

Conner, James:

CS-MajGen; 1.9.1829 Charleston, South Carolina - † 26.6.1883 in Richmond, Virginia

 

Conner wurde 1829 als Sohn von Henry W. Conner in Charleston geboren. Er beendete 1849 erfolgreich das South Carolina College und studierte anschließend unter James L. Petigru die Rechtswissenschaften. 1852 wurde Conner von der Anwaltskammer zugelassen und 1856 wurde er Bezirksstaatsanwalt (https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Conner)

 

James Conner participated in the bombardment of Fort Sumter as a captain of the Montgomery Guards, a South Carolina militia unit. At the beginning of the Civil War, he declined an appointment as a district attorney for the Confederacy. Instead, he became a captain in the Hampton Legion and fought at the Battle of First Bull Run (First Manassas), taking temporary command of the legion af­ter Colonel Wade Hampton was wounded. On July 21, 1861, Conner was appointed major of Hampton's Legion. After the Battle of Seven Pines during the Peninsula Campaign, he took command of the 22nd North Carolina Volunteer Infantry Regiment. During the Seven Days Battles, his leg was broken by a rifle ball during the Battle of Gaines Mill. After a two-month recovery period, he re­turned to lead his regiment at the Battle of Chancellorsville and the Battle of Gettysburg (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_ Conner_(general).

 

He resigned his command on 13.8.1863 and became a member of the military court of the 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. Returning to field command in 1864, Conner was promoted to brigadier-general on June 1, 1864. He temporarily comman­ded the bri­gades of Brigadier Generals Samuel McGowan and James H. Lane consecutively during the opening months of the Siege of Peters­burg. He then led Major-General John B, Kershaw's former brigade during the Shenandoah Valley Campaigns of 1864. Six days be­fore the main battle, Conner was severely wounded during a skirmish at Cedar Creek (Fisher's Hill) and he lost a leg to ampu­ta­tion. This ef­fectively ended his Confederate States Army field service, although his service record shows an assignment to General Joseph E. Johnston's command on February 25, 1865. There is no record of his parole (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ James_Conner_(ge­neral).

 

Photos:

- Wilson: Pettigrew, a.a.O., S. 30

- CS-MajGen James Conner (https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Conner)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Conner, James: Letters of General James Conner, CSA; ed. Mary Conner Moffett (Columbia, S. C.: R. L. Bryan Company, 1950)

- vgl. zu seiner Vita und Karriere: Wilson, Clyde N.: James Johnston Pettigrew and his Men at Gettysburg (Reihe: Civil War Cam­paigns and Commanders), a.a.O., S. 30/31

 

 

Conner, Zephanier T.:

CS-Col; zunächst Pvt und dann Adjutant Co. A, 36th Regiment Georgia Infantry (Villepigue); später LtCol/Col 12th Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 13).

 

Conner schrieb sich bei Kriegsausbruch Private in einer Milizeinheit ein; später wurde er bei Aufstellung der 12th Georgia Infantry zum LtCol gewählt (vgl. Tanner, Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 183; Pfanz: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 188, 200). Re­gimentskommandeur 12th Georgia Infantry; im Battle of Front Royal am 30.5.1862 angesichts des stark überlegenen Feindes ist Conner geflohen, der rangnächste Offizier Major Willie Hawkins befahl den Männern die Waffen nieder zu legen und sich ergeben; der dienstälteste Kompaniechef, Captain William Frederic *Brown verweigerte den Befehl und führte das Regiment sicher weiter (vgl. Freeman, Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., vol. 2, S. 30; Tanner, Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 335). Gen Richard S. Ewell beurteil­te Conner als "brave man" beurteilte, der seinen Kopf unter der großen Verantwortung verloren habe. Ewell, ließ daraufhin Conner unter Arrest stellen (Pfanz,: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 200); Stonewall Jackson ließ Conner, nachdem er diesen über den Rückzug persönlich befragt hatte, unter Arrest stellen (vgl. Hotchkiss, Make Me a Map, a.a.O., S. 50; Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 336; a. A. Pfanz: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 200: die Festnahme erfolgte durch Ewell). Stonewall Jackson beantragte beim Hauptquartier in Richmond ein Kriegsgerichtsverfahren gegen Conner zu eröffnen (vgl. Freeman, Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., 2:7). Conner wurde anschließend er­laubt, zurückzutreten und aus der Army auszuscheiden, um ein Kriegsgerichtsverfahren zu vermeiden (vgl. Pfanz: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 200; Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 547 Anm. 36; Freeman, Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., vol. 1, S. 479).

 

30.1.1817 Culpeper County/VA - † 30.4.1866 Macon, Bibb County/VA; beerd. Rose Hill Cemetery, Macon /VA; °° Louisa Godwin Conner (1815-1891) (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 26.8.2016)

 

 

Connolly, James Austin:

US-Major; Co. F&S, 123rd Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 18).

 

Connolly stammte aus Charleston / Illinois (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 42).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Angle, Paul M. (ed.): „Three Years in the Army of the Cumberland. The Letters and the Diary of Major James A. Connolly“ (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1959); 400 pp, 6 Maps; An unsurpassed record of campaigning in the West including Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Lookout Mountain, The At­lanta Campaign and March to the Sea

- **Connolly, James A.: "Major James Austin Connolly's Letters to His Wife, 1862-1865," Transactions, 1928, No. 35 (1928), S. 223

 

 

Connor, Patrick E.:

US-++General;

 

 

Connor, Daniel M.:

US-First Sergeant; Co B&K, 1st Regiment Indiana Cavalry; Connor war zunächst Pvt, Co. B des 1st Regiment Indiana Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 15).

 

Teilnahme am Battle of Gettysburg; Connor claimed to have carried the first dispatch from Ho­ward to Meade concerning the battle, and to have returned to the battlefield with the headquarters staff (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 473n17).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Connor, Daniel M. (Sergeant; Co B&K, 1st Regiment Indiana Cavalry): "At Gettysburg: The Experiences and Sights of an Indiana Cavalryman." National Tribune, 27 July 1922

 

 

Connor, Seldon:

US-++General

 

 

Conrad, John:

CS-Pvt, Co. K, 9th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 3).

 

Die 9th Kentucky gehörte 1863 zu John Hunt Morgan's Division; In der Erkundungs- und Auf­klärungsphase vor Morgan's Raid wur­de vor allem Freiwillige der 9th Kentucky Cavalry eingesetzt, die unter Führung von Captain Thomas Henry *Hines' ab dem 17.6. 1863 über den Ohio River aufklärten. Da infolge schwerer Regenfälle in den Bergen von West Virginia der Ohio River Hoch­wasser führte, wurden die meisten beim Rückmarsch in Indiana gefangen genommen (vgl. Horwitz: Longest Raid, a.a.O., S. 11, 43, 399 Anm. 22; Family History of Pvt. John *Conrad 9th Kentucky Cavalry).

 

Photo:

- Horwitz: Longest Raid, a.a.O., nach S. 72 A 9

 

 

Conrad, Joseph:

US-Major, 3rd Missouri Infantry; im Juni 1861 war Captain Conrad mit 137 Soldaten eingesetzt in Südwest-Missouri bei Neosho (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 108, 119; OR 3, 16). Conrad wurde in Neosho von der 1st Arkansas Rifle unter Col Thomas J. *Churchill und den 2nd Arkansas Rifle unter CS-Captain James *McIntosh am 5.7.1861 angegriffen und gab sich angesichts der zah­lenmäßig überlegenen CS-Truppen mit seinen Männern gefangen (vgl. Sigel's Report: OR 3, 19; vgl. Brooksher, a.a.O., S. 119; OR 3, 38-40), jedoch 'paroled'.

 

Während der Pea Ridge Campaign im Frühjahr 1862 war Major Conrad Regimentskommandeur der 3rd Missouri Infantry in Brig­Gen Alexander S. *Asboth*s 2nd Division, Franz Sigel's 1st und 2nd Division (Right Wing der Army of the Southwest), in Samuel R. *Curtis Army of the Southwest (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 332). Sigel, dessen Truppen auf der rechten US-Flanke bei Bentonville / Arkansas standen, ordnete am 4.3.1862 eine Aufklärung unter Conrad in seinen Rücken an, um zu verhindern, daß Van Dorn's südlich stehende Army of the West Verstärkung aus Missouri erhielt (vgl. Shea / Hess, Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 60). Conrad's Ex­pedition umfaßte zwei Kompanien der 17th Missouri Infantry, je eine Kompanie der 3rd, 12th, 15th Missouri Infantry, eine Kompa­nie der 36th Illinois Infantry, je eine Kompanie der 4th und 5th Missouri Cavalry, zwei Guns von Welfley's Independent Missouri Ar­tillery. Am 5.3.1862 wurde Conrad's Expedition durch zwei Kompanien der 4th Missouri Cavalry unter Major Emeric *Meszaros verstärkt (vgl. Shea / Hess, a.a.O., S. 60, 78; OR 8:208-09, 278-79).

 

Karte:

- Conrad's Expedition: Karte bei Davis, a.a.O., Nr. 10.4

- Übersichtskarte bei Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 31, 40

 

 

Conrad, Thomas Nelson:

CS-Chaplain; Co. F&S, 3rd Regiment Virginia Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 12).

 

CS-Spion und Führer eines Spionagerings in Washington (vgl. Markle: Spies, a.a.O., S. 2; Tidwell: Come Retribution, a.a.O., S. 19). 1837-1905. Born in Fairfax Court House, Va. Chaplain 3rd Virginia Cavalry. Im späten September 1864 hielt sich Con­rad in Wa­shington auf, um Präsident Lincoln auszuspionieren, insb. um die besten Möglichkeit einer Gefangennahme und Fluchtwe­ge zum Transport des Gefangenen in die CSA zu erkunden (vgl. Tidwell: Come Retribution, a.a.O., S. 19). Nachkriegszeit: President of the Virginia Agricultural and Mechanical College (later Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University) from 1882 to 1886.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Conrad, Thomas Nelson (Chaplain, Co. F&S, 3rd Regiment Virginia Cavalry): Book Manuscript.. Born in Fairfax Court House, Virginia; and graduated from Dickinson College in 1857. During the war he served as a captain in the 3rd Virginia Cavalry. President of the Virginia Agricultural and Mechanical College (la­ter Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University) from 1882 to 1886. Papers consist of the original manuscript of "The Rebel Scout: A Thrilling History of Scouting Life In the Southern Army", written by Conrad from 1891 to 1893, and published in 1904. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide.Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Col­lections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 89-095).

- **Conrad, Thomas Nelson Chaplain, Co. F&S, 3rd Regiment Virginia Cavalry): The Rebel Scout: A Thrilling History of Scouting Life In the Southern Army" (1904)

 

 

Constable, Robert A.:

US-LtCol, Co. F&S, 75th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National 552 Roll 21; vgl. Sears: Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 13).

 

Constable was discharged from the service „for disloyalty“ after publicly denouncing the Emanicipation Proclamation Lincoln's vom 1.1.1863. As one of his men (s. Pvt. Isaac Mann) explained it, Constable had said he „did not come out to fight to free the damned niggers, so he got a free pass to Ohio ...“ (vgl. Sears: Chancellorsville, a.a.o., S. 13).

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Dinkelaker, Jacob: „He Could Not Conscientiously Endorse': Colonel Constable, the Emancipation Proclamation, and the Politics of Emancipation within the Union Army“, unpublished MS, cited Hennessy, John J.: Evangelizing for Union, 1863: The Army of the Potomac, its Enemies at Home, and a New Solidarity“ in: Journal of the Civil War Era, Winter 2014, S. 554 Anm. 20

 

 

Converse, David A.:

US-Third Sergeant; Co. K, 17th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 6).

 

 

Converse, Levi P.:

US-Captain; Co I, 6th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (Anm.: bei National Park Soldiers nicht genannt); Converse und seine Männer bargen am 1.7.1863 am Bloody Railroad Cut ein von CS-Truppen bereits erobertes Geschütz der Battery Hall, das wieder aufgegeben worden war (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg July 1, a.a.O., S. 138; vgl. OR I 27.1.266).

 

 

Conyngham, David Power:

US-Captain; 69th Regiment New York Militia (3 months) (vgl. Craughwell: Greatest Brigade, a.a.o., S. 47); später Captain 69th Re­giment New York Infantry, Irish Brigade (vgl. Craughwell: Greatest Brigade, a.a.o., S. 64); später US-Reporter; New Herald Corre­spondent (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 279, 324)

 

Literatur

- **Conyngham, David Power: Sherman's March through the South (New York: Sheldon & Co., 1865)

- **Conyngham, David Power (Captain): The Irish Brigade and its Campaigns (Cameron & Ferguson, Glasgow n.d. [1886 ? ]; reprint Olde Soldier Books)

 

 

Conyngham, Edward:

US-Pvt; Co. K, 40th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 28).

 

 

Conzet, Charles:

US-2ndLt; Company B, 123d Illinois Infantry Regiment.

 

Lieutenant Conzet deserted on January 9, 1863, was later captured in Illinois, and returned to his unit on February 21, 1863. Conzet was tried and convicted of desertion and sentenced "to be stripped of his badges of office, and shot until he is dead, with musketry." Both the commanders of the division and the Department of the Cumberland approved the sentence and forwarded it to the President of the United States for his approval (vgl. https://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1998/winter/union-court-martials.html, Abruf vom 13.8.2016).

 

After the trial, thirteen officers of the 123d Illinois, including the regimental and company commanders, signed a letter addressed to Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, requesting that Lt. Conzet's sentence be commuted. The officers expressed concern that the lieu­tenant was "induced to abandon his post by letters from his wife begging him to come home and relieve her from her destitute condi­tion, representing to him that the community in which she lived was opposed to the war, and would do nothing to relieve her necessi­ties because her husband was in the Army." His wife was in financial need, and the lieutenant had not received any pay for his five months of service in the army. The officers requested that the secretary of war commute his sentence to "reduction to the ranks with forfeiture of all pay and allowance." The officers noted that Lieutenant Conzet requested to "be allowed to return to his company so that he may yet prove himself to be a man." On September 24, 1864, President Lincoln wrote, "Let the prisoner be ordered from con­finement and dishonorably dismissed [from] the service of the United States." Second Lt. Charles Conzet was dishonorably dismiss­ed two days later under War Department Special Order No. 321 (vgl. https://www.archives.gov/publications/­prologue/1998/­winter/­union-court-martials.html, Abruf vom 13.8.2016).

 

Additional information related to Lieutenant Conzet's capture can be found in his compiled military service record filed under the last name of "Conzit." Lt. Charles Conzit, Co. B, 123d Illinois Infantry, entry 519, Carded Records, Volunteer Organizations: Civil War, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780's-1917, Record Group 94, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC (hereinafter, records in the National Archives will be cited as RG ___, NARA).

 

 

Cook, A. H. W.:

US-Captain; Cook stellte im Juni 1861 bei Camp Cole, Mo. 6 Kompanien Home Guard auf, möglicherweise auf Anweisung von Natha­niel *Lyon. Diese Truppen stießen mit den nach der Niederlage von Booneville und dem Verlust von Nord-Missouri an Lyon aus dem Norden ausgewichenen CS-Kräfte unter Governor Claiborne *Jackson und BrigGen *Clark (Missouri State Guard) zusammen (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody H 96, Hill, a.a.O., S. 96, 93-102).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Owens, Robert L.: "The Battle of Cole Camp." The Cole Camp Courier, Cole Camp, Mo.: June 1991, S. 11-13

- Owens, Robert L.: "The Battle of Cole Camp." Der Maibaum, Hermann, Mo.: Deutschheim Association, Spring 1994

 

 

Cook, Benjamin F.:

LtCol; Co. F&S, 12th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry; zuvor Captain, Co. E, 12th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 9)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Cook, Benjamin F.: History of the Twelfth Mass. Vols. (Webster's Reg't) (Boston: Twelfth Regiment Association, 1882)

 

 

Cook, Enoch Hooper:

Pvt. Co. H., 38th Alabama Infantry, C.S.A (Library of Congress  LC-B8184-10477) bzw. Co. A 4th Regiment Alabama Volunteer In­fantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 10).

 

Photo:

Cook, Enoch Hooper, Jr., Pvt. Co. H., 38th Alabama Infantry, C.S.A (Library of Congress  LC-B8184-10477)

 

 

Cook, John:

US-MajGen; 1825-?; aus Illinois; in der Vorkriegszeit nach College-Besuch war Cook Kaufmann in St. Louis / Missouri und Spring­field / Illinois; dann Bürgermeister von Springfield und Sheriff des Samgamon County / Illinois; Enkel des Governors Ninian Ed­wards (Lincoln's Schwager) und Sohn des Mannes, nach dem das Cook County / Illinois benannt wurde (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 172-173); am 25.3.1861 Col 7th Illinois Infantry (3-Month-Regiment); drei Monate später ausgemustert und erneut am nächsten Tag, dem 25.7.1861 zum Col 7th Illinois Infantry (3-Years Regiment) ernannt (Boatner, a.a.O., S. 173; OR Ser. I, VII, 6; Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 14). Der Regimentstrompeter beschrieb Cook als "proficient only in horse stealing and horse racing" (vgl. Hi­cken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 11). Ende Oktober 1861 bei Fort Holt / Kentucky eingesetzt (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Ci­vil War, a.a.O., S. 19). Bei Grant's Vorstoß Richtung Belmont / MO im November 1861 wurde Cook auf der gegenüberliegenden Ost­seite des Mississippi gleichzeitig von Fort Holt aus

 

 

Cook, John:

US-Captain; 76th New York Infantry Cutler's Brigade;; eingesetzt im 1.7.1863 im Battle of Gettysburg bei Seminary Ridge (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 110).

 

 

Cook, John H.:

US-Sgt; geboren in England; gemustert in Quincy / Ill.; Co A 119th Illinois Infantry; Cook erhielt am 19.9.1890 die Medal of Honor für seinen Einsatz im Battle of Pleasant Hill, La. am 9.4.1864. Citation: During an attack by the enemy, voluntarily left the brigade quartermaster, with whom he had been detailed as a clerk, rejoined his command, and, acting as first lieutenant, led the line farther Howard the charging enemy (vgl. Beyer / Keydel: Deads of Valor, a.a.O., S. 313)

 

Photo:

- Beyer / Keydel: Deads of Valor, a.a.O., S. 313

 

 

Cook, John H.:

US-Pvt; Co. D, 6th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. NARA microfilm publication M559 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 6; vgl. Herdegen/Beaudot: In the Bloody Railroad Cut, a.a.O., S. 82). Cook had enlisted in Mil­wauckee unit from nearby Hartford and was making a reputation for himself as the „Tough One“ (vgl. vgl. Herdegen/Beaudot: In the Bloody Railroad Cut, a.a.O., S. 82).

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Cook, John H. (Pvt; Co. D, 6th Wisconsin Infantry): „Cook's Time in the Army.“ Unpublished manuscript. Cook Papers, Madison, Wis., State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Anm.: Cook's 12-page war memoir is a curious document. There are two copies. The first was written 30 30, 1865, in Washington. D.C., and the second, a copy, August 3, 1865 at Hartford, Wisconsin. Both are identical. For a soldier who served in three separate outfits and took part in a score of battles, the „memoir“ is unusual in that it is almost a complete litany by Cook citing grievances against the officers of the various regiments (vgl. Herdegen/Beaudot: In the Bloody Railroad Cut, a.a.O., S. 83n12).

- Cook, J. H. (Pvt; Co. D, 6th Wisconsin Infantry): „A Tough One,“ Milwauckee Sunday Telegraph v. 4.3.1833

 

 

Cook, Philip:

CS-+++Gen; (manchmal fehlerhaft als Philip St. Cooke bezeichnet).

 

 

Cooke, Chauncey M.:

US-Pvt; Co. G, 25th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. NARA microfilm publication M559 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 6; vgl. Castel: Decision in the West. The Atlanta Campaign, a.a.O., S. 124, 145; die Angabe S. 145 beruht auf einem Schreibfehler, denn in der Gliederung von McPherson's Army in B & L, vol. IV S. 287-88 ist nur die 32nd Wiscon­sin, nicht aber die 23rd Wisconsin aufgeführt; die 32nd Wisconsin gehörte zur Division Veatch, 3rd Brigade, die aber erst ab August zur Army if the Tennessee gehörte; es handelt deshalb um die 25th Wisconsin Infantry, die zur 2nd Brigade Sprague, Division Veatch gehörte; dies gibt Castel a.a.O., S. 124 an). Während der Atlanta Campaign 1864 gehörte die 25th Wisconsin Infantry zur 2nd Briga­de Sprague, Division Veatch, XVI Corps MajGen Grenville Dodge, McPherson's Army of the Cumberland (vgl. B & L, vol. IV, S. 288). In der Nacht vom 10./11.5.1864 stand das Regiment zusammen mit den übrigen Truppen von McPherson's Army of the Tennes­see im Raum Sugar Valley westlich Resaca am Resaca/Dalton Crossroads (vgl. Castel, a.a.O., S. 145).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Cooke, Chauncey M.: A Badger Boy in Blue: The Letters of Chauncey M. Cooke (Wisconsin Magazine of History 4 [1934])

 

 

Cooke, Giles B.:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 34th Regiment Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 12).

 

 

Cooke, Giles B.:

CS-Major/Inspector General; General and Staff Officers, Non-Regimental enlisted Men, Army of northern Virginia (vgl. National Park Soldiers M818 Roll 6).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Cooke, Giles B.: Just Before and After Lee Surrendered to Grant ... , pi. 1922. Reprinted in two editions from The Houston (Texas) Cronicle, Oct. 8, 1922

 

 

Cooke, Jay:

US-Bankier und bedeutender Finanzier während des Bürgerkriegs; Bekannter von Carl Schurz seit 1853 (vgl. Schurz, Reminiscenses, vol. 2, a.a.O., S. 14); Cooke verlor 1873 sein Vermögen aufgrund einer Fehlspekulation (vgl. Schurz, a.a.O., S. 15).

 

 

Cooke, John Esten:

CS-Major, 1833-86; aus Virginia; Rechtsanwalt und Schriftsteller; als Pvt. in die CS-Artillery eingetreten, diente dann in der Kavalle­rie und als Ordonanz-Offizier von Jeb Stuart; Jeb Stuart war der Ehemann der Kusine Cooke's (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., 2:441 Anm. 48).

 

Sohn von John Rogers Cooke und Maria Pendleton (vgl. www.findagrave.com). Entgegen aA. (vgl. Longacre: The Cavalry at Gettys­burg, a.a.O., S. 32) ist er nicht „brother-in-law“ seines Staff officers Captain John Esten Cooke; Neffe von US-Gen Philipp St. Geor­ge *Cooke. Gegen Kriegsende war Cooke Lee's I.G. für die Horse Artillery. Als Schriftsteller schrieb Cooke Novellen und historische Kurzgeschichten wie auch Zeitungsartikel und Geschichten über die CS-Cavalry, darunter die Novelle "Eagle's Nest" (Name des Hauses von Major Norman R. *Fitzhugh aus JEB Stuart's Stab; Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., 2:441 Anm. 48).

 

John Esten Cooke (1830-1886) was a novelist and farmer born in Winchester Virginia, one of 13 children, to John Rogers Cooke and Maria Pendleton Cooke. His literary career began in the 1840s, and be quickly became a successful and prolific novelist, journalist, poet, and short story writer. He enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1851, and then served the Confederate Army as a staff officer for J.E.B. Stuart during most of the war (Cooke was first cousin of Gen. Stuart's wife, Flora Cooke Stuart). He also served under Brig. Gen. Pendleton after Stuart's death in 1864, and was promoted to major by the end of the war. He eventually published more than 30 novels and many articles and poems. He is most well-known for his biographies of J.E.B. Stuart and Stonewall Jackson, as well as his many historical novels set in Virginia. His Civil War diaries were published in 1941 in the Journal of Southern History by Jay B. Hubbell of Duke University.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Blackford, W. W.: War Years with Jeb Stuart, a.a.O., S. 73, 74, 91, 250

- Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 173

- **Cooke, John Esten: Stonewall Jackson and the Old Stonewall Brigade, ed. by Richard Harwell (Charlottesville: University of Virgi­nia Press, 1954)

- **Cooke, John Esten: Life of Stonewall Jackson (New York, 1866)

- **Cooke, John Esten: Hilt to hilt: or, Days and nights on the banks of the Shenandoah in the autumn of 1864: from the mss. Of Col. Surry of Eagle's Nest (1866, reprint 2015)

- **Cooke, John Esten: Wearing the Grey (New York, 1867)

- **Cooke, Esten: Mohun; Or, the Last Days of Lee and His Paladins. Final Memoirs of a Staff Officer Serving in Virginia. From the Mss. Of Colonel Surry of Eagles Nest

- **Cooke, John Esten: Papers; Duke University Library, Durham / North Carolina, RL 00257, darin u.a. Correspondence (1840-1896), Civil War Diaries (1862-1865, four original manuscript volumes)

 

 

Cooke, John Rogers:

CS-BrigGen; 1833-1891 (vgl. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 173); Sohn von US-Gen Philipp St. George *Cooke (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., Bd. 1, S. 716; Bd. 2, S. 145) und Schwager von Jeb *Stuart (vgl. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 173).

 

Aus MO, appointed Noth Carolina; after graduating from Harvard as an engineer, je joined the Regular Army in 1855 and served on the frontier, resigning in 1861 to be commissioned CS 1st-Lt under Holmes and stationed at Fredericksburg. He fought at 1st Bull Run. Promoted Major in Febr. 1862, he was Chief of Artillery for the Dept. of North Carolina until April 1862 when he named Col 27th NC (vgl. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 173).

 

CS-Col, 27th North Carolina, John G. Walker's Brigade während Lee's Maryland Campaign im September 1862 (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., Bd. 2, S. 214-216).

 

He was wounded at Seven Pines and upon recovery was appointed BrigGen CSA 1.11.1862, taking over a NC-Brigade. At Frede­ricksburg his brigade held the famous stone wall, where he was wounded again. He was also wounded at Bristoe Station and the Wil­derness (vgl. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 173).

 

After the war he was a Richmond merchant and a power in the Democratic party as well as being active in veterans' organizations (vgl. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 173).

 

 

Cooke, Philipp St. George:

US-MajGen; aus Virginia stammend; US-Berufsoffizier; 1845 war Cooke Captain der Co. F der 1st US-Dragoons und nahm an der Durchquerung Amerikas über den Oregon Trail zum Schutz von 'Emigrant Parties' aus dem Osten der USA nach Oregon unter Füh­rung von Col Stephen W. Kearny teil. Weitere teilnehmende Offiziere waren Lt Philipp *Kearny Lt (Co. F), Lt. John Love (Co. C), Lt William B. *Franklin von den Topographical Engineers und Lt Richard S. *Ewell (vgl. Pfanz: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 44). Eingesetzt 1856 in Kansas als Col 2nd US-Dragoons (vgl. Brooksher, Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 21; McClellan: I rode with Jeb Stuart, a.a.O., S. 19); US-General; Vater von CS-Col John Rogers *Cooke und Schwiegervater des CS-Kavalleriegenerals Stuart (McPherson, a.a.O., S. 457); bei Kriegsausbruch Col 4th US Artillery in Camp Floyd (umbenannt in Fort Crittenden), Utah Territory (vgl. Gibbon, Personal Re­collections, a.a.O., S. 8, der St. George Cooke als "our Commander" bezeichnet).

 

At the start of the Civil War, the U.S. Army had five mounted regiments. Cooke commanded the 2nd Dragoons, which was redesi­gnated the 2nd U.S. Cavalry. As they prepared to ride into their first battles, they had the potential opportunity to learn from the two-volume manual on cavalry tactics written by Cooke in 1858, but not published until 1862. It was a controversial work at the time and the War Department chose not to make it the basis for official doctrine. Cooke espoused the value of mounted attacks as the primary purpose for cavalry forces; others, more sensibly, realized that the emergence of the rifled musket as an infantry weapon made the classic cavalry charge essentially obsolete and recommended a mission emphasis on reconnaissance and screening. Even those who agreed that cavalry charges retained some value found reasons to disagree with Cooke. A prominent theory of cavalry charges at the time, endorsed by future generals Henry W. Halleckand George B. McClellan, was that the cavalry should be deployed in double ranks (a regiment would deploy in two lines of five companies each), which would increase the shock effect of the charge by provi­ding an immediate follow-up attack. Cooke's manual called for a single-rank formation in which a battalion of four companies would form a single line and two squadrons of two companies each would cover the flanks. A third battalion would be placed in reserve a few hundred yards to the rear. Cook believed that the double-rank offensive promoted disorder of the horses in the ranks and would be difficult to control (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_St._George_Cooke).

 

Cooke was appointed brigadier general, U.S. Army, on November 21, 1861, to rank from November 12, 1861. President Abraham Lincoln nominated Cooke for the appointment on December 21, 1861 and the U.S. Senate confirmed it on March 7, 1862. He initiall­y commanded a brigade of regular army cavalry within the defenses of Washington, D.C. For the Peninsula Campaign, he was selec­ted by McClellan to command the Cavalry Reserve, a division-sized force, of the Army of the Potomac. When Confederate forces evacuated the city of Yorktown, Cooke was sent along with Major General George Stoneman in pursuit and his cavalry was roughed up in an assault ordered by Stoneman against Fort Magruder. He saw subsequent action at the battles of Williamsburg, Gaines' Mill, and White Oak Swamp. Cooke ordered an ill-fated charge of the 5th U.S. Cavalry at Gaines' Mill during the Seven Days Battles, sa­crificing nearly an entire regiment of regulars (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_St._George_Cooke).

 

After the Peninsula, Cooke left active field service. One proximate reason was the embarrassment he suffered when his son-in-law, Jeb Stuart, humiliated the Union cavalry by completely encircling the Army of the Potomac in his celebrated raid. Cooke served on boards of court-martial, commanded the District of Baton Rouge, and was superintendent of Army recruiting for the Adjutant Gene­ral's office. On July 17, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Cooke for appointment to the brevet grade of major general in the regular army, to rank from March 13, 1865, and the U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment on July 23, 1866 (vgl. https://en.wiki­pedia.org/wiki/Philip_St._George_Cooke).

 

Philip St. George Cooke published a tactical manual for cavalry in 1861 that declared: „The charge is the decisive action of cavalry“. Cooke believed that successful cavalry charges depended on timing and élan: „[Cavalry's] opportunities pass in moments,“ he said. „Its successful commander must have a cavalry eye and rapid decision; once launched, its bravery is successful“ (vgl. Cooke, Philip St. George: Cavalry Tactics or Regulations for the Instruction, Formations, and Movements of the Cavalry of the Army and Volun­teers of the United States (2 parts, Washington 1861), part II, 60-61; vgl. McWhiney/Jamieson: Attack and Die, a.a.O., S. 63).

Vater von CS-BrigGen John Rogers Cooke (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., Bd. 1, S. 716; Bd. 2, S. 145) und Schwiegervater von Jeb *Stuart (vgl. Boatner: Civil War Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 173).

 

Photo:

MajGen Philipp St. George Cooke ( File from The Photographic History of The Civil War in Ten Volumes: Volume Four, The Cavalry. The Review of Reviews Co., New York. 1911. p. 226).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Cooke, Philip St. George: Cavalry Tactics or Regulations for the Instruction, Formations, and Movements of the Cavalry of the Army and Volunteers of the United States (2 parts, Washington 1861)

 

 

Coombs, Thomas Munroe:

CS-Captain; geboren am 18.1.1839 Fox Creek (nahe Frankfort), Anderson County, Kentucky - 26.3.1881 in Williamstown, Ky. Cap­tain Co. K 5th Kentucky Cavalry (vgl. Coombs Diary, Teil Sept. 1862 Anm.; Kentucky Adjutant General's Report I: 650, 658). Die Erfolge von Gen. Edmund Kirby *Smith, der mit zwei Flügeln seiner Armee im September 1862 erfolgreich gegen die US-Kräf­te und *Buell in Kentucky vorstieß, ermutigten Coombs und seiner Nachbarn, sich der erfolgreichen CS-Armee anzuschließen. Am 10.10.1862 fiel Coombs bei Harrodsburg in Kriegsgefangenschaft. Aufgrund einer Anklage vor dem Gericht des Grant County, Ky wegen Verrats (weil er sich der CS-Army angeschlossen hatte) wurde er, obwohl paroled, im County Prison des Grant County am 18.11.1862 inhaftiert. Da sich die Anweisungen der Militärbehörden und der Zivilbehörden widersprachen, kam es wegen des Falles Coombs zu einer schriftlichen Anfrage des Headquarter des Department of the Ohio bei BrigGen G. Granger, dem Kommandeur der US-Kräfte in Lexington, Ky (OR ser. II, vol. 5, S. 43-44, abgedruckt bei Coombs Diary Teil September 62 bis Jan 1863, a.a.O., S. 7). Teilnahme an Morgan’s Raid in Kentucky, Indiana and Ohio, July, 1863 (vgl. Horwitz: The Longest Raid, a.a.O., S. 398 Anm. 1).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Coombs, Thomas Monroe: Diary of Capt. Thomas Munroe Coombs,

- Coombs, Thomas Munroe: Letters

- Horwitz: The Longest Raid, a.a.O., S. 38, 83, 117, 243, 244, 246, 398 Anm. 1

 

 

Coon, Datus:

US-Major, 2nd Iowa Cavalry; Coon verteidigte zusammen mit Edward *Prince's 7th Illinois Cavalry (beide Regimenter gehörten zu Col Albert Lindley *Lee’s Cavalry) am 3.12.1862 die Höhen nordöstlich von *Water Village gegen Angriffe von CS-Col. William H. 'Red' Jackson's Cavalry (vgl. Bearss, Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., I 101).

 

 

Coon, Squire Park:

US-Col; *28.3.1820 in Covington/New York, Jurastudium an der Norwich University in Vermont, nach seiner Graduierung war Coon zwei Jahre lang 2nd Attorney General of Wisconsin; seit Mai 1861 Col. 2nd Wisconsin Infantry Regiment (1861 2nd Regiment of Wisconsin Active Militia); Coon war in der Vorkriegszeit ein prominenter Anwalt in Wisconsin, Demokratischer Politiker von landes­weitem Bekanntheitsgrad (vgl. Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O., S. 24); beim Tod des führenden Politikers der Demokratischen Partei, Ste­phen A. Douglas, am 3.6.1861, ordnete Coon Regimentstrauer an (vgl. Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O., S. 104); er besaß eine rudimentäre Kenntnis von militärischer Trainingsmethoden (vgl. Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O., S. 24); Ende Juni 1861 kam es zu einer Petition der meisten Regimentsoffiziere mit dem Ziel Coon wegen Alkoholismus abzulösen (vgl. Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O., S. 142 ff); der Fall wurde Brigadekommandeur Col. William T. Sherman (3rd Brigade d. 1st Division [Gen. Daniel Tyler]) vorgelegt (vgl. Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O., S. 143), zu der das 2nd Wisconsin gehörte. Sherman nahm Coon in den Brigadestab auf, während das Regiment von Lt­Col *Peck übernommen wurde (vgl. Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O., S. 143, Sherman, Memoirs I 208).

 

 

Coons, John:

US-Col; 14th Indiana Infantry; Col Coons 14th Indiana Infantry gehörte im Juli 1863 zu Samuel S. *Carrol's Brigade (*Gibraltar Bri­gade) und verteidigte am 2.7.1863 den East Cemetary Hill im Battle of Gettysburg,

 

 

Cooper, A. H.:

US-Sergeant; Co. F, 1st US-Sharpshooters (Berdan’s Sharpshooters); († kia 1./3.7.1863 Gettysburg) (vgl. Stevens: Berdan’s US-Sharpshooters in the Army of the Potomac, a.a.O., S. 344; Anm: bei National Park Soldiers not mentioned).

 

 

Cooper, Alonzo:

US-Lt; 12th New York Cavalry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Cooper, Alonzo (12th NY Cavalry): In and Out of Rebel Prisons (Oliphant, Oswego / New York, 1888); Illustrated, Appendix, In­dex, List of Prisoners. Nevins describes this as "A fairly objective, above-average account of Macon, Savannah, Charleston, Colum­bia, escape, recapture and Danville", most prison accounts were known to be highly inaccurate and inflammatory. Includes Scarce 8 page pamphlet of Patriotic Recitations and Songs titled "Decoration Day" by Cooper

 

 

Cooper, Douglas H.:

CS-Col; 1861 Emissionär für die Indianer im Indian Territory (vgl. Hale: Third Texas Cavalry, a.a.O., S. 51)

 

 

Cooper, Frederick:

US-Major; 7th New Jersey Infantry (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 448).

 

 

Cooper, James:

US-++General

 

 

Cooper, James H.:

US-Captain; Battery B, 1st Regiment Pennsylvania Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 22); 1.7.1863 at Gettysburg about 2 p.m. Coopers Battery with 4 guns was deployed near the Seminary Ridge (vgl. Gettysburg Commission: Maine at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 84).

 

 

Cooper, Joseph Alexander:

US-++General;

 

 

Cooper, Samuel D.:

CS-Full General; der höchstrangige Soldat der CSA; 1798-1876; West Point 1815 (36/40); befördert zum Full General am 16.5.1861; diente während des ganzen Krieges als "adjutant and inspector-general" in Richmond.

 

 

Coopwood, Samuel S. R.:

CS-Captain; Co. G, 35th Regiment Mississippi Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M232 Roll 9).

 

Coopwood wurde leicht verletzt am 31.12.1862 bei einem Zugunglück eines Truppentransports zur Front bei Vicksburg; der zum Transport eingesetzte Zug verunglückte; es gab 5 Tote, darunter mehrere aus Captains Samuel R. Coopwood's Company (Co) (vgl. Moore, Sue Burns: „1862 Confederate Troop Train Wreck at Edwards“).

 

 

Cope, Alexis:

US-Captain; Co.F&S, 15th Regiment Ohio Infantry; Cope trat als Sergeant in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 21; bei Catton: Grant Moves South, a.a.O., S. 544 als 'Coupe' genannt).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Cope, Alexis: The Fifteenth Ohio Volunteers and Its Campaigns (Columbus: Press of the Edward T. Miller Co., 1916)

 

 

Copeland, Morris R.:

US-Major, AAD 5th Army Corps MajGen *Banks (vgl. OR 12 [I]: 343, 347).

 

 

Copeland, Joseph, Tarr:

US-BrigGen; LtCol 1st Michigan Cavalry am 22.8.1861 (vgl. Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 175); Teilnahme am Battle of Kern­stown am 23.3. 1862 (vgl. OR12 [I]: 355-358; 356 [Copeland's Report]). Col 5th Michigan Cavalry am 30.8.1862; BrigGen 29.11.1862.

 

1863 war Joseph T. Copeland Brigadekommandeur (Wolverine Brigade) mit drei Michigan Regimentern (vgl. Longacre: The Cavalry at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 163) in Julius Stahel's Cavalry Division, die zum Department of Washington gehörte, aber in Virginia einge­setzt war. Die Brigade umfaßte drei Regimenter: 5th Michigan Cavalry, 6th Michigan Cavalry und 7th Michigan Cavalry (vgl. Long­acre: The Cavalry at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 166). Erst Ende Juni 1863 wurde Stahel abgelöst und seine Cavalry Division zum Cavalry Corps Pleasonton's, Army of the Potomac zugeordnet. Zusammen mit Stahel wurde auch der 50jährige Copeland abgelöst, weil Plea­sonton junge Brigadekommandeure wollte, seine eigenen Offiziere bevorzugte und ihm Copeland zu alt war. Seine Brigade wurde von BrigGen George A. *Custer übernommen. Copeland wurde in der Folge nur noch zu Schreibtisch-Tätigkeiten in Mary­land, Pennsylvania und Illinois eingesetzt (vgl. Longacre: The Cavalry at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 164).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Copeland, Joseph T. : Copeland's General's Papers, National Archive Washington / DC, RG-94, E-159

- Isham, Asa (7th Mich Cavalry): Seventh Michigan Cavalry of Custer's Wolverine Brigade (Blue Acorn Press); 203 pp, 62 Photo­graphic and Engraved Images, Dust Jacket; Reprint of rare 1893 Original with four new appendices, photo gallery of 29 wartime por­traits and a new index

- Longacre, Edward: Custer and His Wolverines. The Michigan Cavalry Brigade 1861-1865 (Combined Books), 356 pp, Illustrations, Maps

 

 

Copp, Elbridge J.:

US-Adjutant; Co. F&K, 3rd Regiment New Hampshire Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M549 Roll 3)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Copp, Elbridge J. 83rd New Hampshire Infantry9: Reminiscenses of the War of the Rebellion 1861-1865 (Telegraph Publishing, Nashua 1911). Cobb claimed to be the youngest commissioned officer in the Union army during the war. This Scarce reminiscence of the 3rd NH volunteers is nicely done with numerous maps, illustrations and photos of members of the Regiment

 

 

Corbin, Richard:

CS-++++Offizier; Corbin served as an Aide to General Field under Hood's Texas Brigade, having one horse shot out from under him and another wounded at Fort Harrison and Fort Gilmer

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Corbin, Richard: Letters of a Confederate Officer to his Family during the last Year of the War (Butternut and Blue); 110 pp; Index; Introduction by Robert Krick who calls this "among the half-dozen rarest Army of N. Virginia books". Reprint of extremely rare title originally printed in France Corbin served as an Aide to General Field under Hood's Texas Brigade, having one horse shot out from under him and another wounded at Fort Harrison and Fort Gilmer. Details of General Charles W. Field service in the Confederacy.

 

 

Corbin, S. Wellford:

CS-Lt; CS-Navy; Captured by the Union forces in June 1864, during the Petersburg Assaults, and sent to the Officer's Prison at Fort Delaware, Delaware. Paroled in February 1865. Resident of Virginia; after the war he taught at the Virginia Military Institute and was a Virginia state senator.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Corbin, S. Wellford: Letter, 1865. Lieutenant in the Confederate States Navy. Captured by the Union forces in June 1864, during the Petersburg Assaults, and sent to the Officer's Prison at Fort Delaware, Delaware. Paroled in February 1865. Resident of Virginia; af­ter the war he taught at the Virginia Military Institute and was a Virginia state senator. Letter written January 29, 1865, to Mrs. Emily S. Brune of Baltimore, Maryland, from Corbin as a prisoner of war at Fort Delaware. Thanks her for the Christmas gifts and menti­ons several mutual friends in Charlottesville and Richmond, Virginia. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 89-063).

 

 

Corby, William:

US-Chaplain, Co. F&A, 88th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 29), Irish Brigade.

 

Photo:

- Seagrave: History of the Irish Brigade, a.a.O., vor S. 1

 

 

Corcoran, Michael:

US-++General;

 

Col 69th Regiment New York State Militia (3 months) (vgl. Sherman, Memoirs I S. 207; vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 29).

 

1827 County Sligo/Ireland - † +++; his father had enlisted in the British Army and served in the West Indies. His mother was descen­ded from Patrick Sarsfield, the young Earl of Lucan, who had fought for the Catholic Stuart king, James II, against the interloper Wil­liam of Orange (vgl. Craughwell: Greatest Brigade, a.a.O., S. 38.

 

Corcoran was wanted by the police in Ireland for acts of vandalism and sabotage he had committed against landlords during the Fa­mine (vgl. Craughwell: Greatest Brigade, a.a.O., S. 9).

 

In 1860, Corcoran won the hearts of all Irish when he flat out refused to lead the Men of the 69th New York State Militia in a milita­ry parade honoring Edward, Prince of Wales (der spätere King Edward VII). For this act of subordination, Corcoran was arraigned before a court martial. His trial was proceeding when the war broke out. Because Corcoran called on Irishmen to fight in defense of the Union, the officers of the tribunal dismissed the charges against him and restored his command of the 69th (vgl. Craughwell: Greatest Brigade, a.a.O., S. 9, 41).

 

Corcoran, the popular commander of the 69th New State Militia was captured at the First 'Battle of Bull Run, after he was shot in the leg and could not retreat (vgl. Craughwell: Greatest Brigade, a.a.O., S. 36, 62); while in prison he wrote: „One Half of my Heart is Erin's, and the other Half is America's“ (vgl. Craughwell: Greatest Brigade, a.a.O., S. 36). Secretary of Treasure, Chase (vgl. Chase: Diary, a.a.O., S. 49) berich­tet von der Kabinettssitzung vom 10.12.1861; dort erschien eine Delegation aus New York um die Regie­rung zu einem Gefangenen­austausch, speziell im Fall Corcoran zu bewegen. Corcoran war, was Chase unbekannt war, von den CS-Behörden als Geisel für Wal­ter W. *Smith, (Kapitän der CSS Enchantress) genommen worden (sog. Enchantress-Affair), der im Norden als Kapitän der CSS Jeff Davis wegen Piraterie unter Anklage stand (vgl. Chase: Diary, Anm. 8 S. 279). Corcoran wurde nach einem Jahr Haft ausgetauscht (Chase, Diary v. 19.8.1862).

 

Einsatz in Gettysburg in Sherman's Brigade, dort verwundet und vermißt, nach Informationen Sherman's in Gefangenschaft geraten (vgl. Sherman, Memoirs, a.a.O., Bd. 1 S. 207 ff.).

 

 

Cormany, Samuel E.:

US-Pvt; Co. H, 16th Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 23).

 

Aus Chambersburg; er war Dunker ( = a member of the German Baptist brethren); Die Dunker im südlichen Pennsylvania avoided like the Mennonites and Amish military service because of their anti-confrontational doctrines. Dennoch entschloß sich Cormany sich als Freiwilliger zu verpflichten, and enlisted in a cavalry company out of fear for „our homes, our firesides“, and to avoid being drafted. His religious principles had delayed his decision, but the presence of the main Confederate army in nearby Maryland (Gettys­burg Campaign 1863) jolted hin into action. He and his wife Rachel spent „a great deal of time on our knees, before our God – and agreed that as a loyal, patriotic Man I should enlist“ ( Valuska/ Keller: Damn Dutch, a.a.O., S. 58-59; vgl. Mohr, James C.(ed.): The Cormany Diaries: A Northern Family in the Civil War [Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1982], S. 329/30).

 

 

Cornish, Ephraim:

US-Pvt; Co. K, 6th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. NARA microfilm publication M559 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 5); Cornish stammte aus Lindina/Wis.; Mauston verwundet im Battle of South Mountain (vgl. Herde­gen/Beaudot: Bloody Railroad Cut, a.a.O., S. 29-30).

 

 

Corns, J. M.:

CS-Col; 8th Virginia Cavalry; Teilnahme an Albert G. *Jenkin's Raid durch West Virginia nach Ohio vom 22.8.-19.9.1863 (vgl. OR 12.2 S. 757-761; Karte Davis Nr. 116.3).

 

 

Cornwell, David:

US-Major; zunächst Pvt (er trat als First Sergeant in das Regiment ein) Co. K, 8th Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 18), dann Lt, 9th Louisiana Infantry (vgl. Cornwell: The Cornwell Chronicles); dann Major, Co. F&B, 5th Regiment United States Colored Heavy Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M589 Roll 19).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Cornwell, David (8th Illinois and 9th Louisiana): The Cornwell Chronicles: Tales of an American Life on the Erie Canal, Building Chicago, in the Volunteer Civil War Western Army, on the Farm, in a Country Store (Heritage Books); 301 pp; Maps; Index; Illustrati­ons. Edited by John Wearmouth. Cornwell enlisted in the 8th Illinois Volunteer Infantry and served 3 years in the 9th Louisiana In­fantry Regiment (African Descent) as First Lieutenant, recruiting and training black soldiers. Lots of genealogical details.

 

 

Corse, John M.:

US-BrigGen; Divisionskommandeur 4. Division - XV. Army Corps MajGen Osterhaus während Sherman's Savannah Campaign Nov. / Dez. 1864

 

 

Corse, Montgomery Dent:

CS-BrigGen; im Zuge einer kleineren Umgliederung in Lee's Army of Northern Virginia zusammen mit der Auflösung von *Dray­ton's Brigade im November 1862 wurde eine neue Brigade unter BrigGen Corse geschaffen, bestehend aus 13th Virginia Infantry, 15th Virginia Infantry, 17th Virginia Infantry und 32nd Virginia Infantry; BrigGen Corse wurde von seinem Kommando als Briga­dekommandeur von Pickett's Brigade abgelöst und zum Brigadekommandeur der neu geschaffenen Corse Brigade ernannt und Pickett's Division zugeordnet (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., 2: 326 mit Anm. 2).

 

 

Cort, Charles Edwin:

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Tomlinson, Helyn (ed.): "Dear Friends: The Civil War Letters and Diary of Charles Edwin Cort (N.p.: by the Author, 1962)

 

 

Cosby, George Blake:

CS-BrigGen; 1830-1909; aus Kentucky; verheiratet mit Antonia Johnson, der Tochter von Dr. John Milton Johnson aus Hopkins County, Kentucky (vgl. *Coombs Diary, Eintrag vom 2.3.1863 und Anm.). West Point 1852 (17/42); US Berufsoffizier, Mounted Rifles / Cavalry; Dienst an der Frontier; schwerverwundet in Indianerkämpfen; anschließend Taktiklehrer in West Point; Captain US Army; freiwillig ausgeschieden am 10.5.1861; anschließend Captain CS-Cavalry. Befördert zum Major im September 1861, diente unter Buckner in Süd- und Zentral Kentucky; Stabschef von Gen. Buckner in Fort Donelson. Er verhandelte im Auftrag Buckner's mit US Grant und erhielt dessen berühmte Kapitulations-Aufforderung "unconditional surrender". Fiel in Fort Donelson in Kriegsge­fangenschaft und wurde anschließend ausgetauscht. Nach seiner Freilassung befördert zum Col; BrigGen 20.1.1863 (appointed 23.4.1863); Cosby's Brigade gehörte im März 1863 zu BrigGen William T. *Martin's 1st Cavalry Division in Earl Van Dorn's First Confederate Cavalry Corps und war eingesetzt beim CS-Vorstoß in Tennessee; Cosby's Brigade; diese traf beim Gefecht von Thomp­son's Station gegen Coburn's Brigade am 5.3.1863 erst spät am Tag gegen Ende der Kämpfe auf dem Schlachtfeld ein (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 56). Cosby bis Kriegsende. Nachkriegszeit Farmer in California, hatte mehrere öffentliche Ämter inne und war Vorsitzender des West Point Board of Visitors (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 204).

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History, Vol. 1: Fort Sumter to Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 298

 

 

Coste, N. L.:

US-Captain Navy; Kapitän der USS William Aiken; sein Schiff lag im Dezember 1861 in Hafen von Charleston. Am 27.12.1861 wechselte Captain Coste die Seiten, trat zur Seite South Carolinas über, und übergab sein Schiff an der Behörden von South Carolina. Die Schiffsoffiziere, die treu zur Union standen, kehrten nach Washington zurück Guernsey / Alden: Harper’s Pictorial History of the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 29).

 

 

Coster, Charles R.:

US-Col; Regmeintskommandeur 134th New York Infantry Regiment (vgl. Hamlin: Battle of Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 40).

 

Coster was born in New York City, New York. On April 17, 1861, just five days after the firing on Fort Sumter, he enlisted as a priva­te in the 7th New York Militia, one of the first regiments to come to the defense of Washington, DC at the outbreak of the Civil War. He later enlisted in 1861 at age 24 as a first lieutenant in 12th U. S. Infantry. He served in Brig. Gen.George Sykes's division of V Corps in the Seven Days Battles, being commended by his superiors for his conduct at the Battle of Gaines' Mill on June 27, 1862 (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Coster).

 

On October 8, 1862, Coster was named colonel of the recently organized 134th New York Infantry Regiment. By December 31, 1862, the regiment belonged to Col. Orland Smith's 2nd Brigade of Maj. Gen. Adolph von Steinwehr's 2nd Division, XI Corps, Army of the Potomac. Coster's regiment participated in the Battle of Chancellorsville under Brig. Gen.Francis C. Barlow, who had been ap­pointed brigade commander in place of Smith. During May 1863, Coster's regiment joined the 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, under Col. Adolphus Buschbeck. When Buschbeck went on leave on June 10, Coster became brigade commander. In that role he patrolled near Boonsboro, Maryland before marching to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Coster).

 

Maj. Gen. Oliver Otis Howard kept von Steinwehr's division in reserve on the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg, July 1, 1863, po­sitioning it on Cemetery Hill. When the Union right flank north of town began to collapse, Howard permitted von Steinwehr to send Coster's brigade to cover its retreat. These Union troops took a position just north of the town, where they were deployed in a brickyard. The brigade was attacked by superior forces from the Confederate division of Maj. Gen. Jubal Early. Coster's brigade lost most of its 597 casualties in that action. The remainder of the brigade spent the next two days supporting batteries on Cemetery Hill. Howard commended Coster and other senior commanders by name for their courage and devotion to duty in his report on Gettysburg (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Coster).

 

Later in 1863, Coster resigned his regimental command. On May 18, 1864, he was appointed a provost marshal for the State of New York to serve the Board of Enrollment. Coster resigned that position on April 30, 1865. Thereafter he lived in New York City. On Fe­bruary 28, 1882, he became a federal Pension Agent for the city, resigning effective December 1, 1885. He was also a member of the Grand Army of the Republic (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Coster).

 

18.12.1839 - † 23.12.1884; beerd. Saint Peters Episcopal Churchyard, Bronx / New York (vgl. www.findagrave.com). Coster died in New York City and was buried on December 26, 1888. He left a widow and children (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Charles_ Coster).

 

Photo:

http://www.geni.com/people/Colonel-Charles-R-Coster-USA

 

 

Cottle, John C.:

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Papers (Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield / Illinois)

 

 

Cotton, John W.:

CS-Pvt; Co. C, 10th Regiment Confederate Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M818 Roll 6); zuvor in der Vorgängereinheit, 5th Battalion. Hilliard's Legion Alabama Cavalry

 

Cotton war a yeoman farmer from Pinckneyville / Alabama; he enlisted at Pinckneyville, Alabama, on April 1, 1862, and was paro­led at Talladega on May 25, 1865.  During the intervening years he saw action in Tennessee and Kentucky, in the Dalton-Atlanta campaign, briefly again in Tennessee, then in Georgia against the forces of Sherman, moving finally into South Carolina.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Cotton, John W.: Yours til' Death: Civil War Letters of John W. Cotton; ed Lucille Griffith (University of Alabama Press, 1951)

 

 

Cotton, Thomas Burwell:

CS-Lt, 34th North Carolina Infantry; Cotton ist in Petersburg gefallen

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Taylor, Michael W.: The Cry is War, War, War: The Civil War Correspondence of Lieutenants Burwell Thomas Cotton and George Job Huntley, 34th Regiment North Carolina Troops (Morningside: Dayton 1994); 1st Edition, 194 pp, Maps, Photos, Footnotes, In­dex (The 34th North Carolina participated in every major battle of the Army of Northern Virginia. Well-written letters from two school teachers who died fighting for the Confederacy (Huntley at Gettysburg and Cotton at Petersburg)

 

 

Couch, Darius Nash:

US-MajGen; 1822-97; aus New York; USMA 1846 (13/59) Artillery. He fought in the Mexican War (1 brevet) and the Seminole War On leave of absence in 1853 he gained distinction as a naturalist while exploring in Mexico with an expedition from the Smithsonian In­stitution. Resigning in 1855, he engaged in business and manufacturing. On 15 June 61 he became Col. of the 7th Massachusetts In­fantry and in Aug. was commissioned BrigGen. USV with rank from 17 May. Brigadekommandeur der Brigade Couch, bestehend aus 2nd Rhode Island (das Regiment v. Elisha Hunt Rhodes), 7th und 10th Mass, 36th New York (vgl. Rhodes, Elisha Hunt:: All for the Union, a.a.O., S. 33). Commanding the 1st Div., IV (Keyes's) Corps (13 March.- 12 July '62), he took part in the Peninsular cam­paign. Promoted MajGen. USV 4 July 62, he led his division in the 2nd Bull Run and Antietam campaigns. This division was atta­ched to Franklin's VI Corps am 13 Sept and on 26 Sept. 62 became part of that corps, being redesignated the 3rd Div. Couch's unit saw action only on 17 Sept. 1862 Crampton''s Gap) during these two campaigns. Taking command of II. Corps 7 Oct. 1862, Couch led this unit with distinction in the battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. Disgusted with Hooker's blundering in the latter campaign, Couch asked to be relieved and was given command des neugebildeten Department of the Susquehanna am 11.6.1863; Couch befehligte in dieser Eigenschaft die meisten der Miliz-Einheiten bei Harrisburg, die sich Lee's Invasion in Pennsylvania Ende Juni / Anfang Juli 1863 entgegenstellten (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 600 Anm. 2; Sauers: Gettysburg: The Meade-Sickles Controversy, a.a.O., S. 3; vgl. Stackpole: They met at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 22-23; vgl. Nye: Here come the Rebels, a.a.O., S. 62-63).

 

During the Gettysburg campaign he was engaged in organizing Pennsylvania home-guard levies for the defense of the state (s. Cham­bersburg: "Southern Revenge", a.a.O., S. 73). Couch hatte sich im Battle of Chancellorsville ausgezeichnet, hatte jedoch anschlie­ßend den Befehl über das II. Army Corps aufgegeben, weil er nicht bereit war, länger unter MajGen Hooker zu dienen. Er übernahm Mitte Juni 1863 das neu geschaffene Militia-*Department of the Susquehanna in Pennsylvania (vgl. Coddington: Gettysburg Cam­paign, a.a.O., S. 135).

 

Going then to the West, he commanded the 2nd Div XXIII Corps (8 Dec. 1864-30 Apr. 1865) at Nashville (15-16 Dec. '64) and in N.C. On leave of absence until he resigned 26 May '65. After being an unsuccessful Democratic candidate for Gov. of Mass., he was US Collector for the port of Boston for five months, but his appointment ceased 4 March. '67 when the Senate failed to confirm it. He was president of a mining and manufacturing concern in Va. in 1867, then Q.M. Gen. of Conn. (1876-78) and AdjGen. (1883-84).

 

23.7.1822 - † 12.2.1897 Norwalk Fairfield County/Connecticut; beerd. Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Bristol County/Massachusetts; °° Mary Caroline Crocker Couch (1926-1912) (vgl. www.findagrave).

 

Photo:

- Portrait of Darius Couch by Mathew Brady or Levin C. Handy taken in 1861 or 1862 (vgl. Mathew Brady - Library of Congress Prints and Photo­graphs Division. Brady-Handy Photograph Collection)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Couch, Darius N.: "Sumner's Right Grand Division" (Battle of Fredericksburg); in: Battles and Leaders, vol. 3, S. 79

- **Couch, Darius; Papers, Old Colony Historical Society, Taunton/Massachusetts

 

 

Coulter, James R.:

US-First Lieutenant, Co. I, 123rd Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 23); schwer verwundet im Battle of Fredericksburg am 13.12.1862 und vor dem 16.12.1862 im La­zarett verstorben (vgl. Beardon: Humphreys Pennsylvania Di­vision; in: Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 99).

 

 

Coulter, James R.:

US-Sergeant, Co. E, 95th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 22); enlisted: Jul 30, 1862 as Private. He was wounded during the siege of Vicksburg, MS, Jun 20, 1863. A gunshot wound of the right side of his scalp, and also received a flesh wound of the right forearm, he was admitted to the hospital of the 3rd Division, 15 th Corps, where he is reported as recovered for duty. On Nov 5, 1864, he was admitted to Adams Hospital, Memphis, TN, with Pneumonia, where he died (vgl. www.findagrave. com). Sein letzter Dienstgrad war Lieutenant (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~champaign/military/civil.htm).

 

22.1.1824 Virginia/USA - † 8.11.1864 Tennessee, beerd. Oak Dale Cemetery, Urbana/Ohio; °° Laura F. Coulter )1833-1903) (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Counseille, Henry Thomas:

CS-Captain, Co. B, 7th Regiment Mississippi Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M232 Roll 19). Counseille trat zunächst als Ser­geant in das 2nd Mississippi Infantry Regiment (1st Partisan Rangers) ein, und war dort später 2nd Lieutenant (vgl. National Park Soldiers M232 Roll 19).

 

12.10.1836 - † 11.9.1881; beerd. Rucker Cemetery, Ripley, Tippah County /Miss.; °° mit Catharine P. Counseille (vgl. http:// www.­findagrave.com). Catherine P. Stubbs Counseille (15 May 1857-10 March 1945) married Captain H. Thomas Counseille in Tennes­see, 12 October 1836 [!!!]. During the Civil War, H. Thomas Counseille enlisted as a solider in the 2nd Mississippi Infantry, Compa­ny B and later served as Captain of the Cavalry of the 7th Mississippi Infantry Regiment. The couple lived in Ripley, Mississippi (aus: James R. Redden Collection, Archives and Special Collections, J.D. Williams Library, The University of Mississippi: http:// 184.168.105.185/archivegrid/collection/data/731041945).

 

Photo:

Counseille Grabstein auf dem Rucker Cemetery, Ripley, Tippah County /Miss. (vgl. http:// www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Coursey, Septimus M.:

US-Pvt; Co. G, 2nd Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 23).

 

Teilnahme am Angriff auf Fort Gilmer (außerhalb von Richmond) am 29.10.1864 (vgl. Nosworthy: Bloody Crucible, a.a.O., S. 249)

 

 

Courtney, Alex:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 16th Regiment Louisiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M378 Roll 6).

 

 

Courtney, Alfred R.:

CS-Major; Chief of Artillery in Ewell's Division während Jackson's Vorstoß gegen Pope's Army of Virginia im August 1862; Teilnah­me am Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 52-54; Freeman, Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., vol. 2, S. 29).

 

 

Courtney, C. P.:

US-Pvt; Co. D, 2nd Battalion, Virginia Infantry, Local Defense (Waller's) (Quartermaster Battalion) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 12).

 

 

Courtney, Edward H.:

US-Pvt; Co. I&M, 5th Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 14); original filed unter Henry E. Courtney

 

 

Courtney, James H.:

CS-Pvt; Co. E, 1st Regiment Missouri Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M380 Roll 3).

 

 

Courtright, Cornelius C.:

US-Corporal; Co. G, 104th Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 19).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Courtright, Cornelius C.: Diary (typed transcript, Chicago Historical Society, Chicago / Illinois)

 

 

Colville, William jr.:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 1st Regiment Minnesota Infantry; er trat als Captain in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M546 Roll 2; vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg. The Second Day, a.a.O., S. 18)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Imholte, John Q.: The First Volunteers History of the First Minnesota Volunteer Regiment, 1861-1865 (Minneapolis, 1963)

 

 

Cowan, Andrew:

US-Major; 1st New York Independent Battery; zunächst Senior First Lieutenant, dann Captain und schließlich Brevet Major (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 30).

 

Cowan's battery moved into position on Cemetery Ridge on July 3rd and played a key role in defense of the Union center during Pickett's Charge

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Murray, R. L.: "Hurrah for the Ould Flag!" The True Story of Captain Andrew Cowan and the First New York Independent Battery at Gettysburg (Murray); 140 pp; Photos; Maps; Footnotes; Biblio; Index

 

 

Cowan, Andrew:

US-Pvt; Co. E, 7th Regiment Vermont Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M557 Roll 4).

 

 

Cowan, Andrew J.:

US-Sergeant; Co. K, 121st Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 30).

 

 

Cowan, J.:

US-LtCol; Regimentskommandeur 19th Kentucky Infantry, 10th Division Andrew J. Smith, XIII. Army Corps McClernand während Grant's Campaign gegen Vicksburg 1863 (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, vol. II, S. 402). Battle of Port Gibson am 1.5.1863 (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, a.a.O., vol. II, S. 402).

 

 

Cowan, Robert W.:

CS-Captain; Co I, 10th Regiment Alabama Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers 374 Roll 10); geb. Cherokee County/Alabama - † 6.7.1862; nach schwerer Verwundung im Battle of Gaines Mill / VA am 27.6.1862 (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 25.5.2016).

 

 

Cowdin, Robert:

US-++General; zunächst Col, Co. F&S, 1st Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 9);

 

 

Cowles, L.:

US-+++; 5th Massachusetts Battery

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Cowles, L.: History of the Fifth Massachusetts Battery (Butternut and Blue); 1000 pp; Maps; Illustrations; Index; Roster; Brand New Reprint of Scarce 1902 Regimental. Details of action at Yorktown, Mechanicsville, Malvern Hill, Second Manassas, Fredericks­burg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Petersburg and more. This battery suffered the greatest percentage of loss in battle of any light battery in volunteer service.

 

 

Cox, Jakob D.:

US-MajGen; Anwalt, Mitbegründer der republikanischen Partei in Ohio, Kommandeur der Milizen von Ohio; im Bürgerkrieg: ++++; Cox spielte während der Atlanta Campaign eine Schlüsselrolle: In der Schlacht von Kennesaw Mountain eroberte Cox' Division einen Höhenzug gegenüber der linken der Flanke der Konföderierten, was Sherman's Flankierungsmanöver ermöglichte. Im späten August 1864 erfolgte Cox' erfolgreicher Angriff und die Flankierung von Atlanta im Südwesten mit dem Abschneiden der Eisenbahn­linie Atlanta-Macon, was letztendlich zu Hood's Räumung von Atlanta führte. Nachkriegszeit: Gouverneur von Ohio ab 1865, 1869 Secretary of the Inferior (Innenminister) unter Präs. Grant; da Cox sich gegen die Politik der Reconstruction zur Wehr setzte und ge­gen die radikalen Republikaner für eine Aussöhnung eintrat, kam es zum Bruch mit Grant; hiervon erholte sich Cox's Karriere nicht mehr; er war lediglich eine Wahlperiode lang Abgeordneter im House of Representatives und arbeitete ansonsten als Anwalt in Ohio. In dieser Zeit entwickelte sich sein Interesse an der Militärgeschichte des Bürgerkrieges und verteidigte Sherman's Memoiren. Sehr bemerkenswert objektiv und abgewogen und fair war - trotz seines Zerwürfnisses mit Grant - seine Beurteilung von Grant's Memoi­ren.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Cox, Jacob D.: Sherman's Battle for Atlanta (New York: DaCapo Press, 1994 - Reprint of 1882 original - New Introduction by Brooks Simpson)

- **Cox, Jacob D.: "The March to the Sea", Franklin and Nashville 1882

- **Cox, Jacob D.: Diary. Typed manuscript (Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park, Kennesaw / Georgia)

- **Cox, Jacob D.: Military Reminiscenses (New York, 1900; 2 vols)

 

 

Cox, Joseph H.:

CS-Bugler; Baxter's Company, Tennessee Light Artillery (vgl. National Park soldiers M231 Roll 10).

 

 

Cox, Leroy Wesley:

CS-Pvt; Carrington's (Virginia) Battery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 13; vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 378

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Cox, Leroy Wesley: Memoir. Typescript of unpublished postwar recollection of Leroy Wesley Cox of Carrington's Battery (Albe­marle County Historical Society Library, Charlottesville, Virginia)

 

 

Cox, Philipp:

CS-Pvt; Kirkpatrick's Company, Virginia Light Artillery (Amherst Artillery) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 13).

 

 

Cox, Thomas B.:

CS-Sergeant Major; Co. I, 6th Regiment Mississippi Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M232 Roll 8; s. auch 14th Consolidated Mississippi Infantry

 

Im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh gehörte die 6th Mississippi Infantry zur 2nd Brigade BrigGen Patrick R. Cleburne III. Army Corps MajGen William J. Hardee in A. S. Johnston’s Army of the Mississippi. Das Regiment nahm unter Führung von Col J. J. Thornton am frühen Morgen des 6.4.1862 teil am CS-Angriff auf die Position der Division Sher­man südlich Shiloh Church (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 158). Das Regiment erlitt hierbei beim Angriff auf die 53rd Ohio Infantry Verluste von 70,5 % (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 159).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Cox, T. B.: “Sixth Mississippi Regiment at Shiloh:” Confederate Veteran, vol. 18 (November 1910), S. 509

 

 

Cox, William R.:

CS-First Sergeant; Co. D, 2nd Regiment Georgia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M226 Roll 14);

 

Im Battle of Antietam am 17.9.1862 war der damalige Pvt William R. Cox beteiligt an der Bergung der Leiche von LtCol William R. *Holmes an der Lower Bridge (Burnside Bridge) (vgl. Priest: Antietam, a.a.O., S. 239; vgl. „The Burk SS“, in: Confe­derate Veteran XXXII, 1924, p. 464).

 

 

Coyl, William H.:

US-LtCol; Co. F&S, 9th Regiment Iowa Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M541 Roll 6).

 

Während der Pea Ridge Campaign 1862 war Coyl Major in LtCol Francis J. *Herron's 9th Iowa Infan­try, in William *Vandever's Brigade, Col Eugene A. *Carr's 4th Division, Samuel R. *Curtis Army of the Southwest. (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 333).

 

 

Coxe, John:

CS-Pvt; Co. B, 2nd Regiment South Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M381 Roll 7; Kershaw's Brigade; Teilnahme am Battle of Gettysburg (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 254, 282)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Coxe, John: "The Battle of Gettysburg." Confederate Veteran 21 (1913): 433-36

 

 

 

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