Version 6.4.2017

 

Litera B (Bo-Br)

 

Boardman, John D.:

US-+++; Michigan Artillery Officer (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 330)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Boardman, John D.: Letters (Ness Collection, Michigan Historical Collections, Bentley Library, University of Michigan, Ann Har­bor / Michigan)

 

Börnstein, Heinrich:

US-Col (Henry Boernstein); Co. F&S, 2nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (3 months) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M390 Roll 4).

 

auch Henry Borenstein (vgl. Brooksher, Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 62); *04.11.1805 in Hamburg - † 1892. In Deutschland; Börnstein er­hielt seine Ausbildung in einem Jesuiten Seminar. Nach dieser Zeit trat er als Kadett: in die Österreichische Armee ein. 1822 nahm er an dem italienisch - österreichischen Krieg teil. Er verließ die Armee und studierte eine Zeitlang in Wien Medizin. Brach seine Studi­en ab und begann sich mit der Journalistik zu beschäftigen. Auch das Theater faszinierte ihn. Als Theaterdirektor durchzog er mit sei­nem Wandertheater die deutschen Staaten, Österreich und Italien. 1845 begab Börnstein sich nach Paris und gründete dort die repu­blikanische Zeitschrift „Vorwärts“. Diese wurde von Carl Ludwig Bernay übernommen. Heinrich Börnstein wurde dann Correspon­dent der New Yorker Tribune und der in New York erscheinenden „Deutsche Schnellpost“. Beteiligung an der Revolution 1848/49- Bei Ausbruch der Revolution begab Heinrich Börnstein sich nach Wien und schloß sich der Revolution an. Ausgewandert: 1849 (Pas­sagierliste). In Amerika angekommen verschlug es Börnstein nach *St. Louis, wo er Redakteur des „Anzeiger des Westens“ wurde. Diese Zeitung wurde von ihm übernommen und anschließend gründete er nach dem Bürgerkrieg den „Neuen Anzeiger des Westens“. Ende der fünfziger Jahre gründete er in den USA wieder ein Theaterunternehmen und durchstreifte mit diesem einige Staaten. Nach dem Bürgerkrieg ging Börnstein als Korrespondent der „Westliche Post:“ und anderer Zeitungen nach Europa. Im Bürgerkrieg: Im April stellte er das 2nd Missouri Infantry Regiment auf, zu dessen Colonel er gewählt wurde. Er nahm mit diesem Regiment an der Eroberung des *Camp Jackson in St. Louis teil. Wurde im weiteren Verlauf des Krieges von Abraham Lincoln als Konsul nach Bre­men geschickt.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Boernstein, Henry: Memoirs of a Nobody: The Missouri Years of an Austrian Radical, 1849-1866 (Trans and ed. Steven Rowan. St. Louis: Missouri Historical Society Press, 1997)

 

 

Boggess, Jiles S.:

CS-LtCol, Regimentskommandeur 3rd Texas Cavalry ab Spätjahr 1862 (vgl. Hale, Third Texas Cavalry, a.a.O., S. 139; Bearss, Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., I 90); das Regiment gehörte bei der Abwehr von Grant's Stoß entlang der Mississippi Central Railroad zu John S. *Griffith's Cavalry Brigade.

 

 

Boggs, James:

CS-BrigGen / Virginia Militia (vgl. Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 38). Ende 1861 war Boggs Kommandeur einer Mili­z-Brigade im Shenandoah Valley unter Stonewall Jackson (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 50). Nach Abschluß von Jackson's Expedition nach Bath und Romney und der US-Räumung von Romney bezogen Jackson's Truppen ihre Winterquartiere. Bogg's Militia konzentrierte sich dabei in der Umgebung von Romney / WVa (vgl. Tanner, a.a.O., S. 78).

 

Photo:

- Allardice: More Generals in Grey, a.a.O., S. 38

 

 

Boggs, William Robertson:

CS-BrigGen; aus Augusta / Georgia; West Point 1853 (er hatte die zunächst für Edward Porter Alexander vorgesehene Stelle in West Point besetzt; vgl. (vgl. Alexander: Fighting for the Confederacy, a.a.O., S. 5).

 

Photo:

- Allardice: Generals in Grey, a.a.O., S. 28

 

 

Bohlen, Henry:

US-BrigGen; 22.10.1810 Bremen / Germany - † gef. 22.8.1862 Culpeper County / VA bei einer Erkundung am Rappahannock River im Vorfeld der Schlacht von 2nd Bull Run; beerd. Laurel Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia/Penn. (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Fought in the Mexican War. Recruited a regiment in Philadelphia made up of mostly German emigrants at the out break of the Civil War. The regiment was designated the 75th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, and he was named its Colonel and commander on Sep­tember 30, 1861. Served in General Louis Blenker's division. Appointed Brigadier General, US Volunteers on April 28, 1862. Com­manded the 3rd Brigade of Carl Schurz's Division in the Shenandoah Valley operations against Stonewall Jackson. His brigade cover­ed the retreat of the Union forces at the Battle of Cross Keys, and participated in the Battle of Cedar Mountain. While conducting re­connaissance on the Rappahannock River during the initial stages of the Second Bull Run Campaign, he was killed when his force was attempting to recross the river (vgl. www.findagrave.com; vgl. Osborn: Trials and Triumphs. The Record of the Fifty-Fifth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, a.a.O., S. 50).

 

Heinrich Bohlen, geb. in Bremen, war ein reicher Kaufmann in Philadelphia. Er „hatte eine merkwürdige Vorliebe für den Militär­stand. Beteiligte sich an der Belagerung von Antwerpen 1832 (Belgische Revolution 1832; Abspaltung Belgiens von den Niederlan­den), machte den Krimkrieg als Beobachter mit, den Krieg mit Mexiko ruhmvoll als Offizier. Organisierte 1861 das 75. Pennsylvania Regiment auf eigenen Kosten, wurde dessen Oberst und noch im gleichen Jahr Brigadeführer unter Blenker, Kämpfte ruhmvoll bei Cross Keys, wo er, nachdem die Stahelsche Brigade (infolge von Wutschels vorzeitigem Angriff) abgeschlagen worden war, einen zweiten Angriff unternahm, der jedoch infolge Versagens der Artillerie ebenfalls scheitere. General Bohlen wurde bei Freemans Ford am Rappahannock am 21. August 1862 erschossen. Als ihn die Kugel traf, führte er seine Truppen tapfer vorgehend gegen den über­legenen Feind. Wahrscheinlich weil Bohlen in den rücken getroffen wurde, bildete sich die sage heraus, daß der General einem Ra­cheakt seiner eigenen Leute zum Opfer gefallen sei. Doch ist diese Annahme wahrscheinlich falsch. Von General Stahel und nament­lich von den 75ern wird sie auf das lebhafteste bestritten. Bohlen war einer der beliebtesten Offiziere des ganzen Korps. Einer seiner Enkel ist Herr Krupp von Bohlen, der gegenwärtige Chef des Hauses Friedrich Krupp in Essen“ (aus Kaufmann: Deutsche im ameri­kanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 484-85).

 

°° I mit Emily Maria Borie Bohlen (1811-1851); °° II mit deren Schwester Sophia Eliza Borie Bohlen (1813-1882); beide waren Töchter eines Geschäftspartners von Bohlen, John Joseph Borie (1776-1834) einem reichen, aus Frankreich stammenden Schiffs­händler, und Sophia Beauveau Borie (1789-1876) (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

BrigGen Henry Bohlen (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Boies, Andrew J.:

US-Pvt; Co. E, 33rd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers 544 Roll 4).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Boies, Andrew J.: Record of the Thirty-Third Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry (Fitchburg/MA: Sentinel Printing Company, 1880)

 

 

Boland, Elijah T.:

CS-Pvt; Co. F, 13th Regiment Alabama Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 5; vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 62). Bo­land's Regiment gehörte zu Archer's Brigade und nahm am 1.7.1963 am Angriff bei McPherson's Ridge teil (vgl. Newton: McPher­son's Ridge, a.a.O., S. 27).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Boland, E. T.: "Beginning of the Battle of Gettysburg" Confederate Veteran Magazine 14 (1906): 308-309 (Archiv Ref ameridown­load, conferatevereran14)

- **Boland, E. T.: "Death of General Reynolds. An Ex-Confederate who was a witness describes the Event." National Tribune, 20 May 1915

 

 

Bolding, C. P.:

CS-Sergeant; Co A, 41st Regiment Mississippi Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M232 Roll 4).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Bolding, C. P.: Oath, 1865; 1 item. Positive photocopy of a parole oath sworn by Sergeant C. P. Bolding, Company A, Forty-first Mississippi Infantry, following his surrender at Okolona, Mississippi, May 31, 1865 (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Re­sources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990)..

 

 

Bolles, W. M.:

US-LtCol, 2nd Virginia Cavalry; eingesetzt ab Dezember 1861 in Ost-Kentucky in der 18th Brigade unter James A. *Garfield (vgl. Guerrant: Marshall and Garfield in Eastern Kentucky; in: B&L I S. 395) in der Region um Louisa am Big Sandy River (Karte Davis Nr. 141).

 

 

Bolt, John:

CS-Corporal, Co. C, 61st North Carolina Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 4); John Bolt war Pvt in Co. I, 3rd North Carolina Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 4).

 

Thirty-five year-old Englishman John Bolt, a resident of Beaufort County, enlisted in Company I, 3rd North Carolina State Troops on May 10, 1861. The following year he briefly transferred to the Confederate Navy before then returning to the army in Company C, 61st North Carolina Infantry. The following year he transferred back to the Navy, with which he served until the war's close (vgl. http://www.nccivilwar150.com/features/foreigners/foreigners.htm).

 

 

Bolton, William J.:

US-Col; Regimentskommandeur 51st Pennsylvania Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Sauers, Edwin A. ed.): The Civil War Journal of Colonel William J. Bolton: 51st Pennsylvania Infantry, April 20, 1861 - August 2, 1865 (Da Capo Press, 2000)

 

 

Bond, Henry M.:

US-Lt; 45th Massachusetts Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Bond, Henry M.: Letter, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Lieutenant in the 45th Massachusetts Volunteer Regiment. Letter from Bond in Trenton, Jones County, North Carolina, to "My dear George." Writes of skirmishes with the "rebs," problems in advancing on the enemy due to the weather, and his opinion of North Carolina. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms88-075).

 

 

Bond, Hugh Lennox:

Antislavery Leader aus Maryland (vgl. Foner: Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 40).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Fuke, Richard P.: "Hugh Lennox Bond and Radical Republican Ideology," JSH, 45 (November 1979), S. 583-84

 

 

Bond, Lewis H.:

CS-Major

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Bond, Lewis H.: A Confederate Spy - Brevet Major Lewis H. Bond

 

 

Bonham, Milledge, Luke:

CS-BrigGen; 1813-90; aus South Carolina; nach Besuch des South Carolina College, studierte Bonham Rechtswissenschaften; er kämpfte im Seminole War, wo er die SC Brigade kommandierte; MajGen der SC State Militia; Abgeordneter in der SC. Legislative; im Mexikokrieg diente er als Adjutant von Winfield S. Hancock; Abgeordneter im US-Congress. Nach der Sezessionsentscheidung South Carolina's am 20.12.1860 wurden die SC-Abgeordneten aus dem US-Congress zurückbeordert, darunter Bonham (vgl. Davis: Battle of Bull Run, a.a.O., S. 3); Bonham war ein State-Rights-Democrat; nach der Sezession von South Carolina wurde Bonham zum Befehlshaber der Truppen um Charleston ernannt, verzichtete jedoch, um unter Beauregard während der Bombardierung von Fort Sumter zu dienen; zum BrigGen CSA ernannt am 23.4.1861; eingesetzt bei Fairfax, trifft mit South Carolina Troops am 24.4.1861 in Richmond ein (vgl. Ruffin Diary, a.a.O., vol. II 9; Freeman: Robert E. Lee, a.a.O., S. 513); Bonham's Brigade (First Brigade: 11th North Carolina, 2nd South Carolina; 3rd South Carolina; 7th South Carolina; 8th South Carolina) bildete im Juli 1861 die vorgescho­bene Sicherungslinie bei *Fairfax Court House / Virginia, die am 17.7.1861 von der Vorhut McDowell's angegriffen wurde (vgl. Da­vis, Battle of Bull Run, a.a.O., S. xii, 104). Bonham hatte von Beauregard die Anweisung erhalten, sich nach Centreville zurückzu­ziehen, falls er von überlegenen Kräften angegriffen würde (vgl. Davis, a.a.O., S. 98), und zog sich daraufhin Richtung Bull Run auf Mitchell's Ford zurück (vgl. Davis, a.a.O., S. 104). Bonham's Brigade nahm an der Schlacht von 1st Manassas teil (vgl. Ruffin: Diary, a.a.O., vol. II, S. 64, 65, 69, 70, 71, 80, 81; vgl. Freeman: Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., S. 53) und besetzt am 22.7.1861 nach der Schlacht Centreville (vgl. Ruffin: Diary, a.a.O., vol. II, S. 97). Bonham trat zurück am 29.1.1862; anschließend Abgeordneter im CSA Congress; Governor von South Carolina von Dezember 1862 bis Dezember 1864; reaktiviert als BrigGen CSA am 20.2. 1865, diente bis Kriegsende unter Johnston. Nachkriegs­zeit: Legislator, Railroad Commissioner, Democratic Politician.

 

Die Übermittlung der Spionage-Ergebnisse des Spionagerings von Rose Greenhow von Washington ins CS-Hauptquartier von CS-BrigGen Bonham erfolgte durch Miss Betty *Duvall (vgl. Farwell, Byron: Ball's Bluff - A small Battle and Its Long Shadow, a.a.O., S. 26).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Bonham, Milledge L.: Papers, South Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina, Columbia / South Carolina

- Bonham, Milledge L.: Papers, Duke University Library, Durham / North Carolina

 

 

Bonney, Theodore Lyman:

US-First Sergeant; zunächst Sergeant Co. A, 3rd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (Militia) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll4); dann First Sergeant, Co. E&D, 32nd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll4).

 

Prior to the Civil War, he worked as an iron molder, and he participated in a Hanson debate club. He enlisted for a three-month ser­vice in the Civil War as a sergeant in Company A of the 3rd Regiment of Massachusetts Infantry on 23 April 1861 and was dischar­ged on 22 July 1861 when his term expired, and therefore was referred to as one of the Massachusetts “Minute Men of 1861” who re­sponded to President Lincoln’s first call for Union soldiers in April 1861. He re-enlisted 2 December 1861 as a sergeant for a three-year service in the Civil War in Company E of the 32nd Regiment. He died of typhoid fever at Aquia Creek, Virginia on 11 May 1863 at the age of 26 (vgl. https://hansonhistoricalsociety.wordpress.com).

 

T.L. Bonney “was named a member of the Halifax Light Infantry Company prior to the war. While in the Halifax Company, he pas­sed through the ranks and on July 9, 1860, he was commissioned 3rd Lieutenant. On April 16, 1861, the 3rd Mass. Regiment was cal­led into service and the Halifax Company left with it as Co. A. The U.S. service not recognizing 3rd and 4th lieutenants, Bonney chose to stay in and was given the rank of sargent, in which capacity he served until he was mustered out in July. Anxious to do more for the defense of his country, he re-enlisted in December of 1861, for three years, and became sargent in Company E of the First Mass. Infantry Battalion and saw service guarding rebel prisoners at Fort Warren. In May of 1862 he was promoted to Orderly Sar­gent and transferred to Company C, the battalion becoming the 32nd Mass. Regiment. The regiment joined the Army of the Potomac in July and Bonney saw service with the regiment in the Peninsular campaign, escaped the second battle of Bull Run and on reaching Frederick, Maryland was exhausted by a continued march of more than two weeks, he was sent back to a hospital in Washington. He later rejoined his regiment and took part in the Battle of Fredericksburg in which the regiment was exposed, without shelter, to the re­bel fire for thirty hours. From Fredericksburg the regiment returned to Falmouth and spent the winter, with much suffering, in picket duty and reconnoitering. On the 27th of April the regiment moved forward to Chancellorsville where after several day of fighting they were forced again to cross the Rappahannock. It was during this retreat that Sargent Bonney, overcome by exposure and fatigue, sank by the way and was taken to a field hospital at Acquia Creek. After a short week of delirious fever he passed away on the 11th day of May, 1863.” (aus: History of the Town of Hanson, vgl. https://hansonhistoricalsociety. Wordpress. com).

 

T.L. Bonney was buried at Potomac Creek Station in Virginia. In June 1863, Theodore’s commander Captain Steven Rich notified his brother, Otis L. Bonney, of Theodore’s activities until his time of death, and the location of his grave. Otis then arranged for Theodo­re’s remains to be disinterred and brought to Hanson via train, where he was buried in Fern Hill Cemetery (vgl. https:// hansonhistori­calsociety.wordpress.com).

 

Photo

Theodore Lyman Bonney (27 Oct. 1836, Taunton, Mass. – 11 May 1863, Aquia Creek, Va.) (vgl. https:// hansonhistoricalsociety.wordpress.com).

 

 

Bonsall, George W.:

US-Corporal; 138th Ohio Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Bonsall, George W. (1845-1910): Diaries, 1861-78. 2 vols. Resident of Cincinnati, Ohio, and a corporal in the 138th Regiment Ohio National Guard (originally formed as the 2nd Ohio Volunteer Reserve Militia) during the Civil War. Collection consists of two volu­mes of a manuscript diary, copied in 1865 of entries Bonsall wrote between May 23, 1861 (his 16th birthday) and 1865. Conti­nues the diary sporatically after the war, with entries indicating his marriage in 1876 and the birth of his daughter in 1877. Bonsall writes in detail about his regiment's movements throughout Ohio, Kentucky, and Virginia during the war (particularly 1863 and 1864), but they never engaged in a battle with the Confederates. Bonsall also writes about working as a mason building dormitories for a new college in Berea, Kentucky, in 1869. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms97-015).

 

 

Boomer, George Boardman:

26.7.1832 - † 22.5.1863; US-Col; 26th Missouri Infantry; in Grant’s Vicksburg Campaign war Boomer Brigadekommandeur der Boomer's Brigade, 3. Briga­de, 7. Division (Gen. Isaac F. Quimby), linker Flügel (Gen. Hamilton) von Grant’s Army of the Mississip­pi (vgl. Dunbar, History 93th Illinois Infantry, MilAmerik15 S. 8).

 

George Boardman Boomer's short adult career was devoted to pioneer entrepreneur efforts in developing Missouri’s natural re­sources, although these were actually a by-product of his principal business interests in Missouri. As a colonel at the head of his own Missouri-recruited regiment during the Civil.1 War, he gave his life for the Union cause at Vicksburg.

 

Born in Sutton, Worcester County, Massachusetts, on July 26, 1832, Boomer came to Missouri in February, 1852. Although not quite twenty years old, he was responsible for promoting the bridge building interests of the Chicago engineering firm of Stone and Boo­mer in the extension of the railroad across the state. This newly founded firm held the patent rights to the famed Howe Truss, an im­portant ingredient of railroad construction. To supply the lumber necessary for these bridge trusses, Boomer acquired timber land in 1854 on the Osage River, and established near its mouth the industrial community of Castle Rock (or Boomer’s Mills), now disap­peared. In 1856-57 he began similar timber and lead developments in Washington County, with a mill at Potosi, but his concern with these enterprises was cut short by the Civil War.

 

During the 1860 presidential campaign Boomer's Yankee background determined his stand with the Democrat Stephen A. Douglas. With the subsequent outbreak of hostilities he raised a Missouri regiment, not without difficulty, to defend the Union cause. He led this regiment (the 26th Missouri Volunteers) into a host of minor skirmishes within the state at the beginning of the war before he was wounded at Iuka, Mississippi in September, 1862. He soon returned to action at the head of General Schuyler Hamilton's former bri­gade... (3rd Brigade, 7th Division, 17th Army), and he was killed while leading these troops in the unfulfilled assault on Vicksburg on May 22, 1863. By request of provisional Governor Gamble, Boomer received a posthumous promotion to Brigadier-General from President Lincoln for "gallant conduct". (From the Western Historical Manuscript Collection, 23 Ellis Library, University of Missou­ri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri 65201-5149)

 

Photo:

Memorial Plaque to George Boomer erected at the Vicksburg National Military Park

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Stone, Amelia M.: Memoir of George Boardman Boomer (Boston, 1864)

 

 

Boone, Thomas D.:

CS-Captain; Co. F, 1st Regiment North Carolina Infantry; Boone trat als First Sergeant in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 4).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Boone, Thomas: „History of Company F, First North Carolina Infantry.“ The Index, March 8, 1895

 

 

Boos, Charles F.:

US-Band Leader, Co. F&S, 55th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 10); eine Regimentskapelle mit 24 Musikern wurde Anfang Oktober 1861 aufgestellt unter Leistung Charles F. Boos; dieser stammte aus Tiffin und was a accomplished musician who wore the shoulder straps of a First Lieutenant (vgl. Osborn: Trials and Triumphs. The Record of the Fifty-Fifth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, a.a.O., S. 19).

 

Photo:

Bandleader Charles F. Boos (vgl. Osborn: Trials and Triumphs. The Record of the Fifty-Fifth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, a.a.O., S. 52)

 

 

Booth, Benjamin:

US-+++; 22nd Iowa Infantry

 

On October 19, 1864, Booth was captured during the Battle of Cedar Creek. His first stay of confinement was at Richmond's Libby Prison. From Libby he was transferred to the Confederacy's facility of Salisbury, probably the prison operated the longest by the South. While confined at both sites, Booth kept a diary, writing his observations of camp life and suffering on any scraps of paper he could find. In 1897, he took his scratched observations and penned his account.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Booth, Benjamin (22nd Iowa Infantry): Dark Days of the Rebellion: Life in Southern Military Prisons (Meyer Publishing: Reprint of 1897 original); 288 pp; 30 b & w photos

 

 

Booth, George W.:

US-Pvt; aus Maryland; Teilnahme an der Besetzung von Harper's Ferry am 18.4.1861; Teilnahme an der Valley Campaign 1862 (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 26 m. Anm. 6).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Booth, George W.: Personal Reminiscenses of a Maryland Soldier in the War between the States (Baltimore: Fleet, McGinley and Co., 1898)

- **Krick, Robert K.: Conquering the Valley. Stonewall Jackson at Port Republik (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1996)

- Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 26

 

 

Booth, John C.:

CS-Major; geb. 4.6.1827 Macon/ Georgia (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com) - † 6.9.1862 Fayetteville / NC. (vgl. North Carolina Standard, Raleigh, September 10, 1862); beerd. Brampton Plantion; Savannah / GA (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com)

 

Graduate of U.S. Military Academy at West Point 1848 (29). Bvt. Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 1, 1848. Served: in garrison at Sav­annah, Ga., 1848 49, and Augusta Arsenal, (Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, May 31, 1849) / Ga., 1849; in Florida Hostilities against the Seminole Indians, 1849 50; in garrison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1850 51, — and Ft. Johnston, N. C., 1851 52; and on frontier duty, at Ft. Brady, Mich., 1852 53, (First Lieut., 4th Artillery, Nov. 25, 1853)— Ft. Brown, Tex., 1854 55, — and on March to San Antonio, Tex., 1855. Resigned, May 1, 1856. Worked as Civil Engineer, Des Moines, Iowa., 1856 59. Clerk in the Pay Department of the Illinois Central Railroad, 1859 61. Served in Confederate Army as Captain, commissioned in February, 1861; he commanded the arsenal at Baton Rouge (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com).

 

Captain Booth was the first commander of the Fayetteville Arsenal as an organization under the Confederate Ordnance Department.  A former U.S. Army officer and West Point graduate (Class of 1848), Captain Booth brought to the arsenal six years of military ser­vice.  His previous experience and knowledge of ordnance duties proved invaluable to the Confederacy in establishing operations in Fayetteville.  He vigorously took on the task of organizing and expanding the capabilities, whereby earning a reputation as a skilled leader.  Unfortuntely, Captain Booth fell ill and died in September 1862. As a gesture of gratitude, the Confederate War Department posthumously promoted him to major (aus: http://www.civilwarnorthcarolina.com/arsenal-commanders).

 

„We regret to learn that Major John C. Booth, commandant of the Arsenal at Fayetteville, died on Saturday last. He is said to have been an excellent officer and especially suited to his position“ (vgl. North Carolina Standard, Raleigh, September 10, 1862).

 

Photo:

Grabstein Major John C. Booth, Brampton Plantion; Savannah / GA (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com)

 

 

Booth, John Wilkes:

Mörder Lincolns; Booth erschoß Lincoln in Ford's Theater am 14.4.1865.

 

1859 bei der Hinrichtung von John *Brown beteiligt: zum Schutz der Hinrichtung sind 2000 Soldaten aufgeboten, darunter ein ge­wisser John W. Booth von den „Richmond Grays“.

 

Bereits am 17.3.1865 unternahm Booth mit einem CS-Kommandounternehmen mit Unterstützung durch Mosby's Guerillas den Ver­such Lincoln zu entführen. Der Versuch scheiterte jedoch (vgl. Tidwell, William A.: April 65 - Confederate Covert Action in the American Civil War, Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik43, S. xi, xiv).

 

Booth wurde am 26.4.1865 getötet (vgl. Tidwell, William A.: April 65 - Confederate Covert Action in the American Civil War, Bi­bliothek Ref MilAmerik43, S. 3).

 

Literatur zu Booth:

- **Bakeless, John: Spies of the Confederacy, Philadelphia, Lippincott 1970

- **Hanchett, William: The Lincoln Murder Conspiracies (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1983)

- **Jones, Thomas A.: J. Wilkes Booth (Chicago: Laird & Lee, 1893)

- **Kimmel, Stanley: The Mad Booths of Maryland, New York 1969

- **Reck, W. Emerson: A. Lincoln – His Last 24 Hours (McFarland Publishing)

- **Tidwell, William A.: April 65 - Confederate Covert Action in the American Civil War, The Kent State University Press (Kent, Ohio & London, England, 1995), Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik17e

- **Tidwell, William A.; Hall, James O. and Gaddy, David Winfred: Come Retribution. The Confederate Secret Service and the Assassi­nation of Lincoln (Jackson, Miss.: University Press of Mississippi, 1988, 3. Auflage 2001); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik17f

- **Van Doren Stern, Philip: The Man who killed Lincoln (New York: Literary Guild, 1939)

- **Van Doren Stern, Philip: Secret Missions of the Civil War. First-hand accounts by men and women who risked their lives in under­ground activities for the North and the South (New York, 1959, 1987, 1990); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik17b

 

Literatur zum Prozeß gegen Booth und Lincoln's Ermordung:

- **Chamlee, Jr., Roy Z.: Lincoln's Assassins (Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland and Company, 1990)

- **Eisenschiml, Otto: Why Was Lincoln Murdered ? (New York: Halcyon House, 1937): Eisenschiml stellte gegen bis dahin verbreite­te Version von der Tat eines Einzelgängers und der "sauberen, ritterlichen Kriegsführung des Südens" die These einer Verschwörung unter Beteiligung des US-Kriegsministers Stanton und Industrieller aus dem Norden (vgl. zur Kritik an Eisenschiml's Vorgehenswei­se: William **Hanchett: "The Historian as Gamesman: Otto Eisenschiml, 1880-1863," in: Civil War History 36 [März 1990], S. 5-16

- **Hanchett, William: The Lincoln Murder Conspiracies (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1983): Hanchett, stellt wie auch Turner, aufgrund neuerer Forschungen dar, daß die Ermordung Lincoln's das Ergebnis einer CS-Operation zur Geiselnahme Lincoln's war.

- **Hanchett, William: "Lincoln's Murder - The Simple Conspiracy Theory," Civil War Times Illustrated 30 (Nov/Dez 1991), S. 28-35, 70-71: Hanchett bezeichnet die Auffassung, Booth habe die Aktion zur Entführung Lincoln's aus eigener Entscheidung und Verant­wortung ohne Rückendeckung seitens Präs. Jefferson Davis geplant, als falsch

- **Nevins, Allan: The War for the Union: The Organized War to Victory 1864-1865 (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1971): Ne­vins faßt die herrschende Meinung (S. 326) zusammen: es gab keine Aktion des Südens auf Veranlassung von Jefferson Davis oder anderer einflußreicher Führer der Konföderation. Booth handelte auf eigene Initiative. Nevins erkannte an, daß Eisenschiml's These von einem Komplott des US-Kriegsministers Stanton falsch ist (vgl. Tidwell, a.a.O., S. 6)

- **Poore, Ben: Perley, ed.: The Conspiracy Trial for the Murder of the President. 3 vols. (1865-66; reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1972)

- **Tidwell, William A.: April 65 - Confederate Covert Action in the American Civil War, The Kent State University Press (Kent, Ohio & London, England, 1995), Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik43, S. 3

- **Tidwell, William A., James O. Hall und David Winfred Gaddy: Come Retribution: The Confederate Secret Service and the Assassi­nation of Lincoln (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1988): Darlegung der Hintergründe von Booth's fehlgeschlagener Akti­on zur Entführung Lincoln's am 17.3.1865; und der Zusammensetzung seines Kommando-Unternehmens mit Unterstützung des konföder­ierten Geheimdienstes und der CS-Armee

- **Turner, Thomas R.: Beware the People Weeping: Public Opinion and the Assassination of President Lincoln (Baton Rouge: Louisia­na State University Press, 1982): Turner, stellt Hanchett folgend, aufgrund neuerer Forschungen dar, daß die Ermordung Lincoln's das Ergebnis einer CS-Operation zur Geiselnahme Lincoln's war.

 

 

Borcke, Johann August Heinrich Heros von:

CS-Major; Stabschef von Jeb Stuart (vgl. Longacre: Mounted Raids, a.a.O., S. 22, 33). Von Borcke was a member of the Prussian Drago­ons and ran a Federal blockade to join the Confederate cavalry of JEB Stuart in 1863, fighting at Chancellorsville, Fredericks­burg and Brandy Station.

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History. Vol: 2: Vicksburg to Appomattox, a.a.O., S. 325

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Borcke, Heros von: Memoirs of the Confederate War for Independence. 2 vols (New York, 1938; J. S. Sanders: Reprint of Scarce 1866 Original); 464 pp

 

 

Born, Emanuel:

US-Corporal; Co. B, 82nd Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 10).

 

 

Borton, Benjamin:

US-Pvt, Co. A, 24th Regiment New Jersey Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M550 Roll 2).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Borton, Benjamin (24th NJ Infantry): On the Parallels, or Chapters of Inner History: A Story of the Rappahannock (Woodstown, NJ 1903); 333 pp. "One who participated in the battles herein described in and around Fredericksburg VA 1862"

- **Borton, Benjamin: Awhile with the Blue, or Memories of War Days. The True Story of a Private (1898)

- **Borton, Benjamin On the Parallels or Chapters of Inner History - A Story of Rappahannock (Reprint 2008)

 

 

Bosang, J. N.:

CS-+++; aus Pulaski, Va.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Bosang, J. N.: Memoirs of a Pulaski Veteran (privately printed. Pulaski, Virginia 1912)

 

 

Bosbyshell, Oliver Christian:

US-Major; zunächst Pvt; Co. B&H, 25th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (3 months) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 11), dann im Rang eines Second Lieutenant eingetreten in Co F&S, 48th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry, Captain (Co. G), zuletzt Major (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 11).

 

Civil War Union Army Officer. A pre-War member of the Washington Artillery militia, he was mustered into the Union Army as a Private when that unit was made into Company H, 25th Pennsylvania (Three-Month) Volunteer Infantry regiment on April 18, 1861. He accompanied the new regiment as it was hurried to man the defenses of Washington, DC, and was injured in the head by a thrown brick when it passed through Baltimore, Maryland, and was attacked by pro-Southern rioters. Company H was assigned to man Fort Washington, where it stood in garrison until they were sent back to Pennsylvania in July 1861, and was mustered out on July 29 when their term of service expired. At the time he was offered a commission in the Regular Army, but declined it ( vgl. Powell, William H.: Officers of the Volunteer Army and Navy who served in the Civil War, a.a.O., Stichwort Bosbyshell).


He rejoined the Union War effort on October 1, 1861, when he was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant in Company G, 48th Pennsyl­vania Volunteer Infantry. He rose steadily in rank, being promoted to 1st Lieutenant on May 5, 1862, Captain and company comman­der on June 2, 1862, and to Major on July 24, 1864. He served in that duty until he was honorably mustered out due to expiration by law of enlistment on October 1, 1864. During his tenure with the 48th Pennsylvania, he fought in New Berne, North Carolina, and in the Battles of 2nd Bull Run, Chantilly, South Mountain, Antietam, and Fredericksburg. In 1863 the regiment, along with the entire Ninth Corps, was ordered west, and he was assigned as Provost Marshal of Lexington, Kentucky. In the operations in eastern Tennes­see in the summer of fall of 1863 he was with his regiment as it fought at Blue Springs, Campbell's Station and Knoxville. Spring 1864 brought the Ninth Corps back to Virginia to take part in General Ulysses S. Grant's Overland Campaign, and Captain Bosbys­hell was assigned as Assistant Adjutant General of the 1st Brigade, 4th Division, Ninth Army Corps, a duty he performed until July 30. On that date the Union Army exploded a mine under Confederate positions at Petersburg, and now-Major Bosbyshell participated in the subsequent disaster that was the Battle of the Crater. After the battle, he was place in command of the regiment, and led it in the Battles of Weldon Railroad and Poplar Grove Church before his muster out( vgl. Powell, William H.: Officers of the Volunteer Army and Navy who served in the Civil War, a.a.O., Stichwort Bosbyshell).


After the war he was involved in politics, holding several local offices, and served as Director of the United States Mint in Philadel­phia from 1889 to 1893. In 1893 he published "The 48th in the War: Being A Narrative of the 48th Regiment Infantry, Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteers, During the War of the Rebellion". He rose to the rank of Brigadier General in the Pennsylvania National Guard, and served as Colonel of the 19th Pennsylvania Infantry regiment during the Spanish-American War (a unit that only saw garrison duty) ( vgl. Powell, William H.: Officers of the Volunteer Army and Navy who served in the Civil War, a.a.O., Stichwort Bosbyshell).


3.1.1839 Vicksburg/Mississippi - † 1.8.1921 Philadelphia/Pennsylvania; beerd. West Laurel Cemetery, Bala Cynwyd, Montgomery County/Pennsylvania; °° Martha Ellen Stern Bosbyshell (1839-1914); aus der Ehe stammen 2 Kinder (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

- Captain Oliver Christian Bosbyshell (vgl. http://48thpennsylvania.blogspot.de/)

- Oliver Christian Bosbyshell als 4th Superintendent of the United States Mint (Photo zwischen1889-1894, https://en.wikipedia.

org/wiki/Oliver_Bosbyshell).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Bosbyshell, Oliver Christian (Captain Co. G): The 48th in the war. Being a narrative of the campaigns of the 48th regiment, infantry, Pennsylvania veteran volunteers, during the war of the rebellion (1895)

- **Bosbyshell, Oliver Christian: Pennsylvania at Antietam (Harrisburg: Antietam Battlefield Memorial Commission, 1906) (Archiv Ref, Computer, Dokumente, ameridownload)

 

 

Boswell, James Keith:

CS-Captain (vgl. Hotchkiss: Make me a Map, a.a.O., S. 273 Anm. 8; Henderson: Stonewall Jackson, a.a.O., S. 433); +++-2.5.1863; zunächst im Frühjahr 1862 Lt und Chief der Engineers im Stab Stonewall Jackson's (vgl. Hotchkiss: Make me a Map of the Valley, a.a.O., S. 6), dann als Captain Mitglied im Stab von Stonewall Jackson, wo er Jackson's "truthful aide (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 48) und Chief of Engineers (vgl. Hotchkiss, a.a.O., S. 273 Anm. 8; Henderson, a.a.O., S. 678) sowie Topographical Engi­neer war (vgl. Krick, a.a.O., S. 108); Boswell hatte im Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 das Kommando über das rückwärtige Hauptquartier Jackson's bei Petty House (vgl. Krick, a.a.O., S. 108). Jackson beauftragte Boswell mit der Aufklärung, ob eine Flan­kierung des Gegners an der linken Seite der CS-Front möglich sei (vgl. Krick, a.a.O., S. 108).

 

Teilnahme an Jackson's Vorstoß gegen Pope's Army of Virginia Anfang August 1862 und am Battle von Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 48). Boswell war mit Jedediah *Hotchkiss befreundet und hatte dessen Aufnahme in den Stab Jackson's als Kartograph bewirkt (vgl. Hotchkiss, a.a.O., S 273 Anm. 8). Boswell wurde durch das gleiche "Friendly fire", das Jack­son so schwer verwundet, daß dieser kurz darauf starb, in der Schlacht von Chancellorsville am 2.5.1863 tödlich getroffen (Hotch­kiss, a.a.O., S. 273 Anm. 8, S. 298 Anm. 9, Henderson, a.a.O., S. 682).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Boswell, James Keith (Captain und Chief der Engineers im Stab Stonewall Jackson's): Report. Library of Congress, Washington DC, Roll 49, Frame 172

- Henderson: Stonewall Jackson, a.a.O., S. 433, 678, 682, 689

- Hotchkiss: Make me a Map, a.a.O., S. 6, 14, 17, 22, 35, 47, 50, 53, 54, 56, 85, 87, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 108, 109, 112, 113, 115-28, 130, 131, 134, 137, 139, 142, 273 Anm. 8, 294 nn 23 und 24, 298 n 9, 300 nn 19 und 20

- Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 48, 50, 97, 108, 110, 153-54, 186, 299-300

 

 

Bosworth, Milton K.:

US-First Sergeant; 53rd Ohio Infantry (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 157).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Bosworth, Milton K. (Sergeant; 53rd Ohio Infantry): Letter to father (Shiloh National Military Park, Shiloh / Tennessee, 53rd Ohio File)

 

 

Boteler, Alexander Robinson:

CS-Col; 16.5.1815-8.5.1892; aus Shepherdstown / Virginia; 1835 Princeton graduated; Politiker der American Party für die er 1858 als Abgeordneter für den Winchester Wahlbezirk in den US-Congress gewählt wurde, er blieb im House of Representatives bis 3.3.1861. Boteler schlug die bekannte Resolution vor, die zum Ausschuß des 'Committee of Thirty-Three' führte; es handelte sich hierbei um eine Gruppe von Abgeordneten, die versuchten, den Krieg durch einen Kompromiß zu vermeiden. Nach seinem Ausschei­den aus dem US-Congress wurde Boteler nach Ausbruch der Sezession als Abgeordneter des Winchester Districts / Shenandoah Val­ley in Congress der CSA ab 27.11.1861 gewählt (vgl. Hotchkiss, Make Me a Map, a.a.O., S. 283-84 Anm. 16) und war der Repräsen­tant des Shenandoah-Tals im CS-Congress (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 34, 84). Boteler war mit Stonewall Jack­son befreundet (vgl. Henderson: Stonewall Jackson, a.a.O., S. 397, 207; Ruffin, Diary II 178 Anm. 38). Boteler diente als 'Volunteer Aid' im Stab Jackson's (vgl. Hotchkiss, Make Me a Map, a.a.O., S. 283-84 Anm. 16).

 

Boteler war in die Auseinandersetzungen zwischen Stonewall *Jackson und Gen. *Loring von Februar 1962 involviert (vgl. Zu­sammenfassung bei *Loring m.w.N.).

 

Jackson appointed his close friend Boteler on 30.5.1862 as a volunteer aide-de-camp, giving him the rank of a colonel. Jackson for some time lobbied Boteler to convince President Jefferson Davis to support an invasion plan. With Lee's endorsement and leadership, this culminated with the Maryland Campaign in September 1862 (vgl. Mingus: Flames Beyond Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 2n3).

 

Boteler war 1862 Abgeordneter im CS-Congress und zugleich Stabsoffizier im Stab von Stonewall *Jackson (vgl. Freeman: Lee, a.a.O., vol. 2, S. 260). Jackson wandte sich an Boteler, als Lee nach der Peninsular Campaign ein Vorgehen gegen Pope's neuaufge­stellte Army of Virginia ablehnte, mit der Bitte, bei Präsident Davis zu intervenieren (vgl. Freeman: Lee, a.a.O., vol. 2, S. 260; Dab­ney, Robert Lewis: Life and Campaigns of Lieut.-Gen. Thomas J. Jackson (Stonewall Jackson), New York: Blelock, 1866, S. 486-87; SHSP 40, S. 180-81). Boteler sprach bei Davis vor und glaubte in der Folge irrig, seine Intervention habe zur Änderung von Lee's Strategie geführt. Tatsächlich war Auslöser der Änderung von Lee's Ansichten die Information vom 12.7.1862, daß Pope inzwischen Culpeper Court House genommen hatte und ein weiteres Vorgehen in Virginia bevorstand (vgl. SHSP 40, S. 182). Boteler besuchte Jackson in seinem Hauptquartier bei *Liberty Mills (nördlich von *Gordonsville) am 24.7.1862 (vgl. Hotchkiss, Make Me a Map, a.a.O., S. 63).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Boteler, Alexander R.: Boteler Papers. Unpublished letters and papers of Alexander R. Boteler (Duke University Manuscript Collec­tion, Durham / North Carolina)

- Greenhow, Rose: Briefwechsel mit Alexander Boteler (vgl. Greenhow, Rose O'Neal: Rose O'Neal Greenhow Papers, Special Col­lections Library, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik17b)

 

 

Botsford, E. W.:

US-Captain; Regimentskommandeur 7th Kentucky Infantry, 9th Division Osterhaus, XIII. Army Corps McClernand während Grant's Campaign gegen Vicksburg 1863 (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, vol. II, S. 402). Battle of Port Gibson am 1.5.1863 (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, vol. II, S. 402).

 

 

Botts, John Minor:

Unionssympathisant in Richmond 1861 bei Ausbruch der Sezession (vgl. Ruffin Diary II 8)

 

 

Botts, Lawson:

CS-LtCol; zunächst Captain Co. GFS, 2nd Regiment Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 6); 1862 Col. 2nd Virginia Infantry, Battle of Cedar Mountain (vgl. Battles and Leaders, Vol. II., a.a.O., S. 496; vgl. Wert: Brotherhood of Valor, a.a.O., S. 18).

 

Botts, an attorney, had been a „decided and uncompromising opponent of secession doctrines“ and had defended abolitionist John Broswn, whose raid on Harper's Ferry, in October 1859, hastened the destruction of the Union (vgl. Weret: Brotherhood of Valor, a.a.O., S. 18)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Botts, Lawson (LtCol, 2nd Regiment Virginia Infantry): Papers. Miscellaneous items of Lawson Botts; scattered dates (Virginia Military Institute, Lexington, Va.)

 

 

Bouck, Gabriel:

US-Captain 2nd Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O., S. 46); vgl. seine Charakterisierung durch Charles Messervey, abgedruckt bei Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O., S. 101

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Gaff: If this is War, a.a.O.

- **Otis, George H.: The Second Wisconsin Infantry, ed. Alan D. Gaff (Morningside Bookshop 1984), S. 30

- State Historical Society of Wisconsin: enthält Informationen/Dokumente über 22nd Wisconsin Regiment (Welcher/Ligget, Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. ix), Colonel Utley und LtCol Bloodgood

 

 

Boudrye (Beaudry), Louis N.:

US-Chaplain; Co. F&S, 5th Regiment New York Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 13).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Boudrye, Louis N. (5th NY Cavalry): War Journal of Louis N. Beaudry, 5th New York Cavalry: The Diary of a Union Chaplain, Commencing February 16, 1863 (Albany: R. S. Gray, 1865, reprint McFarland Publishing); Details of Gettysburg and other battles of the 5th New York Cavalry from 1863 to 1865. Only 167 of the original members of this regiment remained at war's end, some 114 having died in Confederate prisons. Beaudry wrote the Regimental History of the 5th Cavalry using many of these same diary entries.

- **Beaudry, Louis N.: Historic Records of the Fifth New York Cavalry (Albany: New York, 1865)

 

 

Bouldin, Edwin E.:

CS-Captain; 14th Virginia Cavalry BrigGen Albert G. Jenkin's Cavalry Brigade Stuart's Cavalry Lee's Army of Northern Virginia; 1863 Teilnahme an Lee's Campaign nach Gettysburg (vgl. Longacre: Cavalry at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 18); am 1.7.1863 im Battle of Gettysburg war ein Teil von Jenkin's Brigade beim Vorstoß von Lee's Army entlang des Cashville Pike in Richtung McPherson's Ridge und am ersten Angriff beteiligt, in der "extreme Advance" (*Bouldin, E. E.: Letter an B. F. *Eakle, 31.3..1886, Bachelder Pa­pers, New Hampshire Historical Society; Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 609n86); Calef's Battery beschoß am 1.7.1863 von McPher­son's Ridge angreifende Cavalry, die sich nördlich des Cashville Pike vor McPherson's Ridge befand. Es bleibt jedoch unklar, ob es sich hierbei um Teile der 14th Virginia Cavalry handelt (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 75).

 

 

Bouquet, Nicholas:

US-Pvt, 1st Iowa Infantry; 14.11.1842 Landau - 27.12.1912, beerdigt Aspen Grove Cemetary, Burlington/Iowa; kam 1856 als Ein­wanderer nach St. Louis; Pvt. Bouquet war in 1st Iowa Infantry; Medal of Honor am 10.8.1861 Wilson’s Creek (vgl. Kukatzki; in Pfälzisch-Rheinische Familienkunde 2008, S. 448).

 

 

Bourke, John G.:

US-Pvt; Co. E&D, 15th Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry (160th Volunteers) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 11).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Bourke, John G.: On the Border With Crook (Time Life 1980; Reprint of 1881 Original)

 

 

Bouton, Edward:

US-BrigGen, 1834-1921; aus New York; 20.2.1862 Captain 1st Ill. Art., 28.6.1863 Col 59th US Colored Infantry, 28.2.1865 Brig­Gen; er war Provost Marshall von Memphis nach der Besetzung durch US-Truppen; in der Nachkriegszeit Schafzüchter (vgl. Boat­ner, a.a.O., S. 75

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Bouton, Edward (Gen.): Events of the Civil War (Los Angeles, 1906)

 

 

Bowen, Edward R.:

US-LtCol; Co. F&S, 114th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 11); zuvor 2ndLt, Co. D, 75th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 11).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Bowen, Edward R.:“Collis“ Zouaves. The 114th Pennsylvania Infantry at Gettysburg.“ Philadelphia Weekly Times, June 22, 1887

 

 

Bowen, George A.:

US-Captain; Co. I&C, 12th Regiment New Jersey Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M550 Roll 2).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Bowen, George A.: „The Diary of Captain George A. Bowen, 12th New Jersey Volunteers.“ The Valley Forge Journal (June 1984), vol. 2

 

 

Bowen, James L.:

US-Pvt; Co. E, 37th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 4).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Bowen, James L.: History of the Thirty-Seventh Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers in the Civil War of 1861-1865 with a Compre­hensive Sketch of the Doings of Massachusetts as a State, and of the Principal Campaigns of the War (Bryan & Co., Holyoke 1884). This unit campaigned at Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Brandy Station, Mine Run, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Petersburg. Cedar Creek and Appomattox. Nevins is critical of this title because it covers much of the war in general terms, yet he still rates it as a "detailed history".

- **Bowen, James L.: "Marching to Gettysburg." Philadelphia Weekly Times, 27 May 1882

 

 

Bowen, John W.:

US-Corporal, aus Madison County / Arkansas; Co B 1st Arkansas Infantry (US); Bowen was stationed in the Fort Smith (Sebastian County) area and Madison County during the war (vgl. Haney Family: Papers, 1845-1887; Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manus­cript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Bowen, John S.:

CS-BrigGen; * +++ in Bowen's Creek / GA - 1864; West Point 1853 (13/35), dann 2nd Lieutenant; auf eigenen Wunsch 1856 aus der Armee entlassen, zog Bowen nach St. Louis, wo er sich als Architekt niederließ; aktiv in der Missouri Militia, erwarb sich Bowen eine Reputation für seine militärisch erfolgreiche Führung und sein militärisches Auftreten (Winschel, Triumph & Defeat, a.a.O., S. 21); bei Kriegsbeginn Stabschef von BrigGen Daniel M. *Frost von der pro-sezessionistischen Missouri State Militia (vgl. Brooks­her, Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 58); bei Camp Jackson kriegsgefangen; nach seiner Entlassung organisierte Bowen die 1st Missouri Infan­try, deren Col er anschließend wurde; er war eingesetzt in Kentucky und Tennessee; bei Shiloh verwundet. Nach US-Berichten vom Oktober 1862, die durch weitere Aufklärung später widerlegt wurden, soll Bowen mit seinen Missouri Truppen im Oktober 1862 über den Hatchie River südlich von Bolivar / Tennessee (Karte bei Davis Nr. 154) nach Westen zum Mississippi durchgebrochen, um den Fluß nördlich der am 6.6.1862 von US-Truppen eroberten Stadt Memphis zu blockieren (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, a.a.O., Vol. I, S. 29, 30).

 

Im Herbst 1862 war Bowen Divisionskommandeur 1st Division BrigGen John S. Bowen Army Corps MajGen Sterling Price in Pem­berton's Army of the Mississippi (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign a,a,O., vol. I S. 45).

 

CS-Commander von Grand Gulf / MS im April/Mai 1863 (Winschel, Triumph & Defeat, a.a.O., S. 21); verteidigte bravourös gegen Grant's Landung bei Grand Gulf und am 1.5.1863 bei *Port Gibson. Er rieb während der Belagerung von Vicksburg seine Gesundheit auf und starb eine Woche nach der Übergabe der Stadt-Festung.

 

Photo:

- Davis/Wiley, Photographic History, a.a.O., S. 30

- Winschel, Triumph & Defeat, a.a.O., S. 21

 

 

Bowen, Roland E.:

US-Pvt; Co. B, 15th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 R9oll 4).

 

Bowen participated in nearly every encampment and battle of the Army of the Potomac.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Bowen, Roland E. (15th Mass Infantry): From Ball‘s Bluff to Gettysburg and Beyond: The Civil War Letters of Private Roland E. Bowen, 1861-1864 (Thomas Publications, Gettysburg); 268 pp; edited by Gregory A. Coco. 64 letters document his experiences with the 15th Mass

 

 

Bower, B. A.:

CS-Captain; 1863 Captain Co C 13th Alabama Infantry (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 85).

 

 

Bowers, Claude:

November 20, 1878 in Westfield, Indiana – † January 21, 1958 in New York City) was an American historian, Democratic Party politician, and President Franklin D. Roosevelt's ambassador to Spain (1933-1939) and Chile (1939-1953). His histories of the Democratic Party in its formative years from the 1790s to the 1830s helped shape the party's self-image as a powerful force against monopoly and privilege. As ambassador he worked to keep the United States out of the Spanish Civil War of 1936-39 (vgl. wikipedia, Stichwort 'Claude Bowers', Abruf v. 3.4.2017).

 

Bowers began his career as a journalist with a newspaper in Terre Haute, Indiana. While residing there, he became the Democratic candidate for the US House of Representatives, at the request of powerful Democratic leader John Edward Lamb. Though he lost, the experience polished his abundant speaking skills. Bowers's enormously popular books Party Battles of the Jackson Period (1922) and Jefferson and Hamilton: The Struggle for Democracy in America (1925) were political manifestos that denounced the Federalist Party, the Whig Party, and the Republican Party, as bastions of aristocracy, and hailed the Democrats as true heroes. Bowers was an editorial writer for the New York World from 1923 to 1931, and a political columnist for the New York Journal from 1931 to 1933. In his very popular histories, he promoted the idea that Thomas Jefferson had founded the Democratic Party. President Franklin Roosevelt, an avid reader of Bowers was impressed enough to build the Jefferson Memorial and appoint him the US ambassador to Spain in 1933. Bowers's The Tragic Era (1929) attracted wide attention for its attack on the Republican Party, which Bowers believed humiliated the South and corrupted the North during Reconstruction. His work popularized the Dunning School, which "provided an intellectual foundation for the system of segregation and black disenfranchisement that followed Reconstruction." He was the temporary chairman of the 1928 Democratic National Convention where he gave a keynote speech. Roosevelt appointed him ambassador to Spain and later Chile (vgl. wikipedia, Stichwort 'Claude Bowers', Abruf v. 3.4.2017).

 

Although disillusioned when the New Deal veered the country away from pristine low-budget Jeffersonian principles, Bowers held his tongue and never criticized his patron. His biography of Senator Albert J. Beveridge, Beveridge and the Progressive Era (1932), was non-polemical and of high quality. He continued writing late into his life, completing My Mission to Spain in 1954, which chronicled his time in Spain as ambassador, covering both his travels throughout the country, and the hectic politics that foreshadowed the Spanish Civil War. Bowers was highly critical of what he saw as fascist agitation and strongly defended the regime of the Spanish Second Republic. He died of leukemia in 1958 and is buried at Highland Lawn Cemetery in Terre Haute, Indiana (vgl. wikipedia, Stichwort 'Claude Bowers', Abruf v. 3.4.2017).

 

Literatur:

- **Bowers, Claude G.: The Tragic Era (Cambridge, Mass. 1929)

- **Stampp: Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 4-6 (Bowers has been the chief disseminator of the traditional picture of reconstruction. For Bowers reconstruction was a time of almost unrelieved sordidness in public and private life; whole regiments of villains march through his pages: the corrupt politicians who dominated the administration of Ulysses S. Grant; the crafty, schemming northern carpetbaggers who invaded the South after the war for political and economic plunder; the degraded and depraved southern scalavags who betrayed their own people; and the ignorant, barbarous, sensual negroes who threatened th Africanize the South and destroy its Caucasian civilization. … The Southern people literally were put to the torture … [by ] rugged conspirators … [who] assumed the pose of philanthropists and patriots ...“)

 

 

Bowie, Walter:

CS-Agent; Vorkriegszeit Rechtsanwalt; einer von Lee's führenden Agenten und Scout, insbesondere im südlichen Maryland; Bowie benutzte den Decknamen "Wat". Im November 1862 wurde Bowie enttarnt und zum Tod am Galgen verurteilt. Ihm gelang buchstäb­lich auf dem Weg zum Galgen die Flucht. Auf Bowie gehen die entscheidenden Informationen an Robert E. Lee über US Grant's Strategie in der Wilderness Campaign zurück. Sein Report datiert vom 27.4.1864. Bowie wurde 13.9.1864 als Lieutenant einer neu aufgestellten Kompanie von Mosby's Truppen eingesetzt, möglicherweise im Zusammenhang mit einem geplanten Attentat gegen Lincoln. Ende September unternahm er mit 25 Mann einen Raid ins südliche Maryland Richtung Washington. Hierbei wurde Bowie während eines Gefechts in Sandy Springs, bekannt als Battle of Rickett's Run, getötet (vgl. Tidwell: Come Retribution, a.a.O., S. 21; Markle: Spies and Spymasters, a.a.O., S. 114).

 

 

Bowler, Charles Pendleton:

US-Sergeant; Co. C, 7th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 10); zuvor 7th Regiment Ohio Infantry (3 months) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 10).

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Bowler, Charles Pendleton (Sergeant; Co. C, 7th Regiment Ohio Infantry): Letter; Bowler Family Papers, Virginia Historical Society, Richmond/VA

 

 

Bowles, Pinckney Downey:

CS-Col (BrigGen streitig); zunächst Captain Co E 4th Alabama Infantry; promoted Major 22.8.1862; 1863 Col 4th Alabama Infantry; im Sommer 1863 wurde Bowles aus unbekannten Gründen durch den Brigadekommandeur BrigGen Evander McIver *Law unter Ar­rest gestellt und durch ein Kriegsgericht zu vier Monaten Arrest verurteilt. Bowles wandte sich vergeblich an den Korpskommandeur MajGen James Longstreet wegen Überprüfung seiner Sache. Regimentsführer war währenddessen LtCol Lawrence H. *Scruggs (vgl. Penny / Laine: Struggle for the Round Tops, a.a.O., S. 23). Beförderung zum BrigGen umstritten (vgl. Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 39).

 

Photo:

- Allardice, a.a.O., S. 39

 

 

Bowles, Dr. William A.:

Führer der *Copperheads in Indiana. In der Erkundungs- und Aufklärungsphase vor Morgan's Raid wurde vor allem Freiwillige der 9th Kentucky Cavalry eingesetzt, die unter Führung von Hines' ab dem 17.6.1863 über den Ohio River aufklärten. Hierbei kam es zur Kontaktaufnahme mit Dr. William A. Bowles, den Anführer der *Copperheads in Indiana (vgl. Horwitz: Longest Raid, a.a.O., S. 44; John *Conrad, Family History, a.a.O., S. 194).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Horan, James D.: Confederate Agent. A Discovery in History, New York 1954 (Anm. McPherson: Für die Freiheit, a.a.O., S. 943 Anm. 25 beurteilt Horan's Werk als "einem mit Vorsicht zu genießenden Sensationsbericht, der sich stark auf die Memoiren Hines' und anderer konföderierter Agenten stützt."

- **Klement, Frank L.: The Limits of Dissent: Clement L. Vallandigham and the Civil War (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1970)

- **Klement, Frank L.: The Copperheads of the Middle West (Chicago: Chicago University of Chicago Press, 1960)

- **Klement, Frank L.: Dark Lanterns. Secret Political Societies, Conspiracies, and Treason Trials in the Civil War, Baton Rouge, 1984 (McPherson: Für die Freiheit, S. 943 Anm. 25 beurteilt Klements Auffassung wie folgt: "Klement, der führende Historiker der *Cop­perheads, hält die meisten Beweise für deren heimliche Komplizenschaft mit den Rebellen für ein Gespinst aus 'Gerüchten, Vermu­tungen und freie Erfindung', das von den Republikanern aus politischen Gründen in die Welt gesetzt worden sei. Aber auch Klement räumt ein, daß mehrere Friedensdemokraten 1864 von Agenten der Konföderation Geld und Waffen bekommen haben")

 

 

Bowman, Alpheus H.:

US-BrigGen (reg. Army); Captain, Co. B, 91st Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 11); Bow­man war in einem Court Marshal vom 20./21.8.1862 in Alexandria/VA (unter Vorsitz von Col. Edward E. Wallace (Regiments­kommandeur 91st Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry) schuldig befunden worden, einen Untergebenen mißhandelt zu haben. Bowman hatte seinen Untergebenen Lieutenant Morris Kayser, Co. B, 91st Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry als 'Liar“ bezeichnet und ihm im Provost Marshal Office des Regiments ins Gesicht geschlagen. Hintergrund waren Rivalitäten zwischen Beiden und Captain Bow­man verdächtigte Lt. Kayser, die Position des Kp-Chef anzustreben und Bowman zu verdrängen. Konkreter Anlaß der Auseinander­setzung war, daß Lt. Kayser das tägliche Rapportbuch unterzeichnet, obwohl Captain Bowman anwesend war. Das Urteil lautete auf unehrenhafte Entlassung aus der US-Army. However, because they believed that Kayser had practiced "a long and aggravated series of provocations", they asked the reviewing authority to reduce the sentence to this: "That the prisoner be suspended 3 months--all pay + allowances stopped--that he shall be confined to camp while in camp or garrison and when on the march that he march in rear of his company". Despite their request, on 12 September 1862, the original sentence was confirmed, and he was dismissed. [sources: 9, 13, 14, 17, 27 (by order of General Wadsworth, dated 10 September 1862), 40 (same as 27)]

 

Das Kriegsgericht begründete sein Ur­teil wie folgt: „The foregoing sentence having been found in accordance with the evidence as we believe as by our oaths we were bound to do. We the following named members of the Court Martial, believing that there had been a long and aggravated series of provocations practiced upon the prisoner by his first Lieut Morris Kayser culminating in the act of signing the Co. morning report while prisoner [Anm.: Captain Bowman] was in quarters (see testimony of Sergt) which immedia­tely preceded the act of striking; to­gether with repeated disrespectful conduct by said Lieut towards Capt. Bowman the prisoner, were circumstances which--although they do not justify prisoner's conduct--should be received in mitigation of prisoner's punishment (vgl. National Archives and Records Administration; Kriegsgerichtsverfahren gegen Captain Bowman; vgl. http://freepages.military.roots­web.ancestry.com/~pa91/ pbow­ma1c.html#elder).

 

He was on "special duty engaged at the battle of Chantilly, Va." on 1 September 1862. His horse was killed under him in an assault on a railroad crossing. He was injured by the fall, and spent the night on the field. The Secretary of War apparently wrote a letter gi­ving him permission to re-enter the army "with Gov. permission" (presumably, with the Pennsylvania Governor's permission). It is tempting to think that his service at Chantilly may have played a role in the Secretary's decision. On 13 December 1862, he was again dismissed, along with fifteen other officers, "by direction of the President", "for being in the city of Washington without proper aut­hority".Morris Kayser later refers to this, claiming that he was dismissed a second time, by order of the President, after he had been reinstated, and while he was still in Washington DC. He was recommissioned on 15 December 1862. According to the January-Fe­bruary 1863 muster roll, he was reinstated on 12 September 1862, but was mustered into service on 22 December 1862. Perhaps the effective date of his reinstatement was 12 September, when he was dismissed. He was mustered into service for three years on 22 De­cember 1862, at Washington DC.

 

He was under medical treatment from 22 December 1862 to 12 February 1863. He reported for duty on 12 February 1863. When he returned, he corrected the false report of Joel Week's death. Also, Morris Kayser went absent without leave about the time Bowman returned to the regiment. On 18 March 1863, he led a detail on picket duty. He was commanding his company during the Battle of Chancellorsville, on 1 and 3 May 1863, and was slightly wounded in the left leg by a rifle bullet on 3 May 1863. He fought at the Battle of Gettysburg. LtCol Sinex gave him permission to fall back to the rear of the regiment on 2 July 1863, near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. On 8 August 1863, the regiment reported that he had not been heard from since then. He received a surgeon's certifica­te at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, recommending extending his leave for 15 days from 10 August 1863, because of gastric irritation. Another medical certificate, dated 27 August, recommended him for light duty, because of gastric irritation and diarrhea. He was sup­posed to report for duty to the departmental commander at Philadelphia; his leave expired 6 September. On 31 August 1863, someone wrote a letter under the pseudonym 'J Burnside', charging him with 'disgraceful conduct' while at Philadelphia, and (apparently) with leaving the battlefield at Gettysburg without permission. LtCol Sinex thought it was written by an officer with whom Bowman had long been "on unfriendly terms"; each "would consider he had done good service, by having the other Cashiered". It seems likely that the author was Morris Kayser. LtCol Sinex also said that Bowman had permission to leave the regiment at Gettysburg, that the de­nunciation did not make any specific charges, and that he had no information about his conduct in Philadelphia. His leave expired on 6 September 1863. On 9 September 1863, he was declared absent without leave. He reported for duty on 14 September 1863. He accompanied a fatigue detail on 20 September 1863. He was responsible for the loss of one axe in September 1863. He was honorab­ly discharged on 26 September 1863. He was captain of company B. The order dismissing him came from the Adjutant General's Office, Washington DC, dated 23 September 1863, and the regiment received it on 26 September. It apparently listed "dis[ability] and absence without leave" as the reasons for his discharge. After his discharge, a board of survey was appointed to inventory and report the condition of the public property transferred to Morris Kayser.

 

He then enlisted and was mustered into service as a private, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 24 December 1863 as a private in bat­tery L of the Third Pennsylvania Artillery, also known as the 152nd Pennsylvania Regiment. He was mustered in by First Lieutenant E H Miles, of the 3rd Artillery (152nd PA). He was then 22 years old, and claimed his occupation was "soldier". His enlistment was credited to the 4th district of the 24th ward of Philadelphia. He was paid $60 in bounty. He joined under Circular from Provost Mar­shall General's Office, in Washington DC, dated 24 October 1863. When he volunteered, he had to sign a declaration that claimed: „... that I have never been discharged from the United States service on account of disability or by sentence of a court-martial; or by order before the expiration of a term of enlistment; ...“ The surgeon who examined him had to fill out a form, which claimed Bow­man had never been sick, did not then have a disease, had never had fits, had never been wounded in the head, had never had a fracture, dislocation, or sprain, was not in the habit of drinking, was not subject to the piles, had no trouble urinating, had been vacci­nated against smallpox, and had a normal head, face, etc.. The only other comment is that he had a "varicocele", on "Genital and Uri­nary Organs". He attended Artillery School from 24 December 1863 to 21 March 1864. He joined the regiment on 4 January 1864. He was promoted to first sergeant on 24 January 1864. On 21 March 1864 he was appointed second lieutenant. On the same day, his application for ten days leave was approved. He needed the leave "to procure a military outfit" at his home in New York City. He joi­ned the Post of Fort Monroe, Virginia, where the 3rd Pennsylvania Artillery was stationed, on 1 April 1864, after his leave of ab­sence. He was detached from Fort Monroe for service at Cherrystone, Eastern Shore, Virginia, by regimental [?] order dated 6 April 1864. He continued there until July 1865 (vgl. http://www.google.de/imgres?imgurl =http://freepages.military.rootsweb. ancestry.­com).

 

Bowman wird auch als Lieutenant 3rd Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery (detachment) genannt (vgl. OR Series I Volume XLII Part III Page 1127 of 1369 - Richmond-Fort Fisher ).

 

After the war he was appointed first lieutenant on 1 September 1864. He was mustered in for three years, on 9 September, at Fort Monroe, Virginia, to date from 1 September. He had last been paid through 30 July 1864. According to the November/December 1864 muster roll, he was on special duty as Assistant Provost Marshall, Commanding US Forces in Northampton County, Virginia. He was at Eastville, Virginia. According to the January/February 1865 and March/April muster rolls, he was assistant Provost Mar­shall "Onancock [?] E.S. Va". According to the May/June 1865 muster roll, he was commanding Post Drummondtown. He received a telegram on 20 July 1865, relieving him of duty on the Eastern Shore of Virginia. He sent a telegram from Drummondtown to Major N. Church, the Assistant Adjutant General, asking whether he could have a few days grace, because it reached him late. He rejoined his regiment on 25 July 1865. He was present at Fort Monroe in August 1865. In September 1865, he was on special duty as a mem­ber of a General Court Martial, per District Special Order No 15 "C.S." [?]. In October 1865, he was absent on detached service in the Freedmen's Bureau, per District Special Order 86 "C.S.". He was honorably mustered out with his battery on 9 November 1865. 

 

General Bowman entered the military service of the United States in 1861, when he enlisted with the Pennsylvania Volunteers in the Civil War. In 1866 he was appointed a Captain in the Twenty-fifth regular infantry. He was with the colors for more than forty years, retiring in 1903 as a Brigadier General. 28.2.1842 Loudon County/VA - † 11.11.1826 Washington/DC im Alter von 84 J (vgl. http://freepages.military.rootsweb .ancestry.com/~pa91/pbowma1o.html). Sohn von Henry und Martha Bowman; die Familie zog be­reits 1850 nach Delaware. 1860 arbeitete Bowman als Drogist in Philadelphia/PA (vgl. http://www.google.de/imgres?imgurl =http://freepages.military.rootsweb.ancestry.com).

 

 

Boyd, Belle:

CS-Spionin; *9.5.1843 Martinsburg / WV; als 12jährige Besuch des Mount Washington College; mit 16 Einführung in die Gesell­schaft von Washington, ab da gern gesehene junge Frau in den Salons der "guten Gesellschaft" der Hauptstadt; Sezession zurückzu­führen auf eine "unequivocal declaration, by the merchants of New England, that they have resolved to exclude the landed proprie­tors of the South from all participation in the legislation of their common country." (Belle Boyd, In Camp and Prison, S. 44). Nicht die Abschaffung der Sklaverei war das Zeil des Nordens, sondern die Erlangung der ausschließlichen Macht in Verachtung der "gene­ral rights" (a.a.O., S. 44).

 

Sie versorgte während der Shenandoah Campaign Stonewall Jackson, mit den erforderlichen Informationen über Stärke, Zusammen­setzung und Absicht der US-Truppen und ermöglichte hierdurch Jackson' Erfolg im Battle of *Front Royal (Markle: Spies, a.a.O., S. 156).

 

Photos:

- Scarborough, a.a.O., S. 32

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Boyd, Belle: Belle Boyd in Camp and Prison (reprint; New Introduction by Sharon Kennedy-Nolle - New Foreword by Drew Gil­pin Faust; First published in 1865, London: Sauders, Otley, and Co., 1865); Belle Boyd’s memoir of her experiences as a Confedera­te spy has stood the test of time and interest. Belle first gained notoriety when she killed a Union soldier in her home in 1861. During the Federal occupations of the Shenandoah Valley, she mingled with the servicemen and, using her feminine wiles, obtained useful information for the Rebel cause. Band 1

- **Gilmore, Harry: Four Years in the Saddle. London: Longmans Green and Co., 1866, S. 73

- **Scarborough, Ruth: Belle Boyd. Siren of the South, Mercer University Press, Macon / GA 1984

 

 

Boyd, Cyrus F.:

US-1stLt; zunächst 1st Sergeant, Co. G, 15th Regiment Iowa Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M541 Roll 3), später 1stLt, Co. B, 34th Re­giment Iowa Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M541 Roll 3).

 

Aus Warren County, Iowa; zunächst Sgt 15th Iowa Infantry, später 1st Lt 34th Iowa Infantry; Cyrus F. Boyd served a year and a half as an orderly sergeant with the Fifteenth Iowa Infantry before becoming first lieutenant in Company B of the Thirty-fourth Iowa Infantry. Before his promotion, he was an intermediary between privates and company officers, a position that offered him uni­que opportunities to observe the attitudes and activities of both the unit leaders and their men. In this diary, the outspoken Boyd frank­ly expresses his opinions of his comrades and his commanders, candidly depicts camp life, and intricately details the gory events on the battlefield.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Thorne, Mildred (ed.): "The Civil War Diary of C. F. Boyd, Fifteenth Iowa Infantry." Iowa Journal of History. Vol L (1952)

 

 

Boyd, David F.:

CS-Captain; 9th Louisiana Infantry; das Regiment gehörte im Frühjahr 1862 zur Brigade Richard *Taylor, Division Ewell; das Re­giment nahm an Jackson's Shenandoah Campaign teil; Boyd äußerte sich nach dem Krieg zum Verhältnis zwischen MajGen Richard S. *Ewell und Stonewall Jackson; Boyd behauptete, daß Verhältnis sei derart zerrüttet gewesen, daß Ewell seinen Untergebenen Brig­Gen Taylor, Schwager von Präsident Jefferson Davis, Ende April 1862 zu Präsident Davis geschickt habe, um Jackson ablösen zu las­sen (vgl. Pfanz: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 166; Boyd: Reminiscenses, a.a.O., S. 8-10). Pfanz (a.a.O., S. 166) hält diesen Bericht Boyd's für un­wahrscheinlich, da sich Taylor Ende April 1862 nicht zum Briefing nach Richmond begeben hat und auch kein weiterer Hin­weis für eine entsprechende Aktion Ewell's vorhanden ist.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Boyd, David F. (Captain; 9th Louisiana Infantry): Reminiscenses of the War in Virginia. Edited by T. Michael Parish (Austin / Texas: Jenkins, 1989)

 

 

Boyd, John:

CS-Col und CS-Spion; Onkel von Belle *Boyd (vgl. Markle: Spies, a.a.O., S. 155).

 

 

Boyd, William H.:

US-Captain; 1st New York Cavalry; im Juni 1863 war die 1st New York Cavalry eingesetzt, Milroy's Supply Train beim Rückzug in Pennsylvania nach Harrisburg zu schützen; nach erfolgreicher Durchführung unternahm Boyd's Company auf der Straße nach Cham­bersburg, Pa. eine Aufklärung und stieß hierbei auf die Vorhut von Albert G. Jenkins' CS-Cavalry Brigade. Boyd, ein kühner und an­griffslustiger Führer griff sofort an und warf die CS-Vorhut nach Greencastle zurück (vgl. Coddington: Gettysburg Campaign, a.a.O., S. 162).

 

 

Boykin, Alexander Hamilton:

CS-Captain; 2nd South Carolina Infantry

 

Boykin raised the "Boykin Rangers" which later became the 2nd South Carolina Cavalry. This recounts his early career, plantation life and service of the "Rangers" as well as the battle of Boykin's Mill, the last organized battle of the East

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Boykin, Richard M.: Captain Alexander Hamilton Boykin, One of South Carolinas Finest Citizen (Jim Fox Books); 263 pp. Illustra­ted Reprint of 1942 title

 

 

Boykin, Edward M.:

CS-Col 7th South Carolina Cavalry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Chestnut, Mary Boykin: Diary of Dixie, a.a.O., S. 161, 389

- **Boykin, E. M., LtCol, C.S.A.: The Falling Flag: Evacuation of Richmond, Retreat and Surrender at Appomattox (Originally publis­hed in 1874): Boykin commanded 7th South Carolina Cavalry, Gary's Brigade as rear guard for Confederate retreat from Richmond and last line of battle at Appomattox

 

 

Boykin, Alexander Hamilton:

CS-Captain; Onkel von Mary Boykin Chestnut; er führte während der Schlacht von Williamsburg (5.5.1862) einen Teil von Stuart's Cavalry (vgl. Mary Chestnut: Diary from Dixie, a.a.O., S. 171). Boykin raised the "Boykin Rangers" which later became the 2nd South Carolina Cavalry.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Boykin. Richard M.: Captain Alexander Hamilton Boykin, One of South Carolina's Finest Citizens (Jim Fox Books, 263 pp, Illus­trated Reprint of 1942 title); Boykin raised the "Boykin Rangers" which later became the 2nd South Carolina Cavalry. This recounts his early career, plantation life and service of the "Rangers" as well as the battle of Boykin's Mill, the last organized battle of the East

 

 

Boykin, Stephen:

CS-++++; Bruder der Mary Boykin Chestnut (vgl. Chestnut, Diary, a.a.O., S. 6)

 

 

Boyle, Cornelius:

CS-Maj; Provost Marshall at Manassas; er unterstützte 1861 Thomas *Jordan bei der Aufrechterhaltung des Spionagerings in Wa­shington unter Rose *Greenhow (Tidwell, a.a.O., S. 63). Boyle, ein erfolgreicher Physician in Washington, führte seit 29.4.1861 die Milizeinheit "National Rifles" aus Washington (Tidwell, a.a.O., S. 63; m.E. fraglich, da *Schaeffer Führer der Einheit war; vgl hier­zu: Farwell: Ball's Bluff, a.a.O., S. 22; vgl. Stone, Charles P.: "Washington on the Eve of the War," Century Magazine Ausgabe Juli 1883; abgedruckt in: Van Doren Stern: Secret Missions, a.a.O., S. 37, 40; da die National Rifles nach der Sezession nach Alexandria verlegt wurden, könnte Boyle allerdings Schaeffer's Nachfolger gewesen sein).

 

 

Boyle, James:

US-Pvt; Co. B, 3rd Regiment Iowa Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M541 Roll 3).

 

Teilnahme am Skirmish von Forster's Farm während des Battle of Pea Ridge am 7.3.1862 (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 101 mit S. 357 Anm. 29).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Boyle, James: Journal, State Historical Society of Iowa, Des Moines / Iowa

 

 

Boyle, Jeremiah T.:

US-BrigGen; Boyle kommandierte im Juli 1863 the Army of Ohio's District of Kentucky in Louisville (vgl. Horwitz: The Longest Raid, a.a.O., S. 38).

 

 

Boynton, Jonathan Wellington W.:

US-Pvt; Co. F, 157th New York Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 13).

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Boynton, W. W.: „Memoirs Jonathan W. W. Boynton, 157th N.Y.“, Civil War Miscellaneous Collection, US Army Military History Institut, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania

 

 

Bozworth, James:

US-Pvt; aus Connecticut

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Bozworth, James: Correspondence, 1862-63. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in the Connecticut troops in the Civil War. Letters written from Camp Sigel, Maryland, and West Philadelphia Hospital, Pennsylvania, to Franklin Sherwood of Bridgeport, Connecticut. In Septem­ber 1862 he thanks Sherwood for previous letters and invites him to his encampment in Maryland. He writes in 1863 from General Hospital in West Philadelphia that the corps filled up the hospital to its utmost capacity, and that he wants Sherwood to visit and bring letters of recommendation to have himself transferred to New Haven, Connecticut. Hopes Sherwood is not "frightened into a fever by the prospect of the conscription." (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms89-058).

 

 

Brackett, Albert G.:

US-Capt; 2nd US Cavalry; BrigGen Joseph K. F. Mansfield ließ am 18.5.1861 als Commander des Department of Washington auf Befehl von Gen Scott (vgl. Longacre: Lincoln's Cavalrymen, a.a.O., S. 17) den Potomac überqueren um Alexandria / VA, die bedeu­tende Hafenstadt ggü. Washington (Karte CXXXVI) zu besetzen. Damit sollte nach der Sezessionserklärung Virginias die südliche Flanke von Washington gesichert werden (vgl. Longacre, a.a.O., S. 17). Der Angriff erfolgte mit zwei Infantrievorstößen, die jeweils durch kleine Kavallerieeinheiten als Vorhut gesichert waren: Die eine Angriffssäule unter BrigGen Samuel P. *Heintzelmann wurde mit Dampfern über den Fluß gesetzt, an der Spitze eine Kompanie Cavalry unter Captain Owen von District of Columbia. Die Haupt­kräfte unter dem Befehlshaber der Aktion MajGen Charles W. Sandford von der New York State Militia gingen über die Long Bridge über den Fluß, an der Spitze eine Kompanie der 2nd US Cavalry unter Capt. Albert G. Brackett (vgl. Longacre, a.a.O., S. 17; OR I 2: 37-44).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brackett, Albert G.: History of the United States Cavalry, From the Formation of the Federal Government to the 1st of June, 1865 (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1865)

 

 

Bradford, Josua T.:

US-+++;

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Bradford, Josua T.: Diary (Library of Congress, Washington, DC)

 

 

Bradley, George S.:

US-Chaplain; Co. F&S, 22nd Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 3; vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn’s Brigade, a.a.O., S. 41, 79).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Bradley, G. S.: The Star Corps; or, Notes of an Army Chaplain during Sherman's "Famous March to the Sea" (Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Jermain and Bright­man, Book and Job Printers, Sentinel Building, 1865)

 

 

Bradley, Herman J.:

US-Pvt

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Bradley, Herman J.: Correspondence, 1861, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier, possibly in the Army of the Potomac. Correspondence consists of two letters to Bradley's family. One letter was written November 10, 1861, for Bradley to his brother by Darius Russell, about Bradley's ill condition. The second was written November 7, 1864(?), by Bradley to his parents, from Camp Cedar Creek, Vir­ginia. Writes about the guerilla action in the area and their capture of General Alfred N. Duffie. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Spe­cial Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms89-074).

 

 

Bradley, Phillip:

CS-Spion; er leitete nach seinen eigenen Angaben einen "Operative Military Secret Service", der von Little Washington Va. aus ope­rierte. Anfang August 1862 berichtete Bradley an Stonewall Jackson, bei dessen Vorstoß gegen Pope's neuaufgestellte Army of Virgi­nia, daß sich Pope's Truppen um Culpeper sammelten, und daß sich die US Vorposten, aus Buford's Cavalry, am Rapidan River von *Barnett's Ford bis zu den Blue Ridge Mountain erstreckten und daß sich George Bayard's Cavalry bei Rapidan Station befindet (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 16, 401 Anm. 39 mit Karte S. 18; Brief Bradley's an Jackson, undatiert, Photokopie bei Manassas National Battlefield Park).

 

 

Bradley, Thomas H.:

CS-BrigGen (Arkansas State Forces); ++++ vgl. Allardice: More Generals in Gray (Louisiana State University Press, 1995), Biblio­thek Ref MilAmerik37, S. 41

 

 

Brady, Allen G.:

US-LtCol, Co. F&S, 3rd Regiment Connecticut Infantry (3 months, 1861) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 2). Später US-Major; zu­nächst Captain, Co. B, 17th Regiment Connecticut Infantry; dann Major, Co. F&S, 17tr Regiment Connecticut Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 2, filed under 'A. G. Brady').

 

A veteran of the 3 months service (where he was under arrest for insubordination for much of that time), Major Brady ended up in command of the regiment at both Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. He was wounded at the latter, and subsequently served as the Provost Marshal at Point Lookout POW Camp (vgl. http://www.seventeenthcvi.org/ images_fs.html); dagegen heißt es bei www.findagrave.com: „At the July 1863 Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, he took over command of the regiment following the death of Lieutenant Colonel Douglas Fowler on July 1, 1863, during the fighting at Barlow's Knoll. He then remained regimental commander throughout the rest of the war“.

 

13.2.1822 Lowell, Middlesex County / Mass. - † 11.2.1905 Fayetteville, Cumberland County / North Carolina; beerd. Center Ceme­tery, Torrington, Litchfield County / Conn. (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

Major Allen G. Brady (vgl. http://www.seventeenthcvi.org/ images_fs.html)

 

 

Brady, Andrew:

CS-Major; 15th Louisiana Infantry; das Regiment gehörte im Sommer 1863 unter Regimentskommandeur Major Andrew Brady zu Nicholl’s Brigade / MajGen Edward Johnson’s Division im II Army Corps Ewell in Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 460).

 

 

Brady, James P.:

US-+++; Knap's Independent Battery E, Pennsylvania Light Artillery

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brady, James P.: "Hurrah for the Artillery" (Knap's Independent Battery E, Pennsylvania Light Artillery) (Thomas Publications, Gettysburg). Compiled from letters, journals and diaries of key battery members; well illustrated narrative allows reader to experi­ence battles and marches; 464 pp; Detailed Maps; Photos; Rosters. This unit fought at Manassas, Cedar Mountain, Antietam, Gettys­burg, Chancellorsville, The Atlanta Campaigns and throughout the Carolinas.

 

 

Brady, Mathew B:

berühmter Photograph der Nordstaaten während des Bürgerkriegs

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Cobb, Josephine: Mathew B. Brady's Photographic Gallery in Washington, reprinted from the Columbia Historical Society Records (n.p., 1955)

- **Horan, James D.: Mathew Brady: Historian with a Camera (New York, 1955)

- **Panzer, Mary: Mathew Brady and the Image of History (Smithsonian, 2004)

 

 

Brady, Patrick H.:

US-Corporal; Co. H, 24th Regiment Connecticut Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M535 Roll 2).

 

 

Bragg, Braxton:

CS-MajGen; Bragg diente zusammen mit Sherman 1840 und in den Folgejahren beim 3rd Artillery Regiment, dort Kompaniechef Company ‘E’ (vgl. Sherman, Memoirs Bd. 1, S. 18,21, 27); eingesetzt mit seiner Company im *Mexikanischen Krieg (vgl. Sherman, a.a.O., Bd. 1, S. 34)

 

Zum Zeitpunkt der Sezessionserklärung war Bragg Colonel. Wie Mrs. Bragg dem damaligen Superintendenten W. T. Sherman in Ba­ton Rouge / Louisiana anvertraute, war der neue CS-Präsident Davis kein Freund Bragg's. Sherman notiert: I Knew That Bragg hated Davis bitterly and he had reseigned from the army in 1855 oder 1856, because Davis, as Secretary of War, had ordered him .... to Fort Washia, in the Indian country ...." (Sherman, Memoirs I 190).

 

Anfang Januar 1861 wurde Bragg zum aide-de-camp von Louisiana-Governor T. O. *Moore ernannt (vgl. Evans: Confederate Milita­ry History, vol. X, S. 22)

 

übernimmt am 11.3.1861 den CS-Wehrbereich Florida ...... September 1862 Kämpfe in Kentucky gg. Buell und Grant (Längin S. 127)

 

Bragg war Westpointer und Mexiko-Veteran und hatte erhebliche Fähigkeiten bewiesen als Kommandeur in Alabama und Florida (Shea / Hess, a.a.O., S. 20).

 

Bragg war Ende 1861 / Anfang 1862 von CS-Präs. Davis als Oberbefehlshaber der Trans-Mississippi-Region vorgesehen, lehnte die Kommandoübernahme jedoch ab (vgl. Shea / Hess, Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 20). Am 15.2.1862 schlug Bragg ggü. Präsident Davis einen Wechsel der Strategie in der Region Kentucky vor. Nach der drohenden CS-Niederlage an der Kentucky-Front äußerte Bragg sich ge­gen die bisherige Strategie der zerstreuten Kräfte für eine Zentralisierung und Konzentration auf Kentucky (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 27).

 

1863 war Bragg Kommandeur der Tennessee Army vor Chattanooga und gewann die blutige Schlacht von Chickamauga (19./20.9. 1863). Da er sich zur Verfolgung des Feindes nicht in der Lage sah (wegen Erschöpfung der Truppen und fehlender Artille­rie), wurde der CS-Erfolg nicht ausgenützt. Es kam deshalb zu Beschwerden seiner untergebenen Generale bei Präsident Davis, der sich aller­dings nicht in der Lage sah, den erfolgreichen und im ganzen Süden angesehenen Hardliner zu ersetzen (vgl. Chattanooga, MilAme­rik36, S. 11 ff.).

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, a.a.O., S. 75

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Bragg, Braxton: Papers (Perkins Library, Duke University, Durham / North Carolina)

- **McWhiney, Grady: Braxton Bragg and Confederate Defeat (New York, 1969)

- **Seitz, Don C.: Braxton Bragg, General of the Confederacy (Columbia / SC: The State Company, 1924)

 

 

Bragg, Edward S.:

US-BrigGen; 1861; im Sommer 1861 Captain Co. E, 6th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry, Iron Brigade (vgl. Dawes, Rufus R.: Service with the Sixth Wisconsin, a.a.O., S. 12).

 

1862 LtCol 6th Wisconsin Infantry / *Iron Brigade (vgl. Gaff/Gaff: The dread reality of war - Gibbon’s Brigade, August 28 - Septem­ber 17, 1862; in Nolan/Vipond: Giants in their tall Black Hats, a.a.O., S. 69; vgl. Gramm: „They must be made on Iron“. The Ascent of South Mountain; in: Nolan/Vipond: Giants in their Black Hats. Essays on the Iron Brigade, a.a.O, , S. 23).

 

Vom 5.-8.8.1862 führte die Division Rufus *King mehrere Expeditions von Fredericksburg aus nach Frederick's Hall Station, Va. und Spotsylvania Court House, Va, durch die Brigade Gibbon durch mit dem Ziel, die für den Süden lebenswichtige Central Virginia RR zu zerstören (vgl. King's Report, OR 12 [2] S. 121-22). Die Expedition nach *Frederick's Hall Station wurde von BrigGen Gibbon geführt (vgl. King's Report, OR 12 [2] S. 122; Gibbon's Report OR 12 [2] S. 122-23), diejenige nach *Spotsylvania Court House stand unter der Führung von Col Lysander *Cutler; die Unterstützung erfolgte durch Truppen unter Gen. John P. *Hatch (vgl. King's Report, OR 12 [2] S. 122). Ziel von Gibbon's Expedition war die Zerstörung der Virginia Central RR. Bei diesem mit zwei Zangen durchgeführten Vorstoß eingesetzt wurden: an der Spotsylvania Court House Road: die 6th Wisconsin Infantry (Col. Lysander *Cut­ler), Harris Cavalry (2nd New York Cavalry), und eine Abteilung von Gerrish's New Hampshire Battery. Die Abteilung unter der per­sönlichen Führung Gibbon's, die auf der Telegraph Road vorstieß umfaßte 2nd Wisconsin, 7th Wisconsin, 19th Indiana, 3rd Indiana Cavalry und Monroe's Rhode Island Battery (vgl. Gibbons's Report OR 12 [2] S. 122). Da Cutler die Gesamtführung innehatte, über­nahm Bragg die Führung des 6th Wisconsin (vgl. Cutler's Report OR 12 [2] S. 123).

 

Bragg wurde bei Antietam / Miller’s Farm (Karte bei Hartwig; in Nolan / Vipond, a.a.O., S. 33) verwundet; später BrigGen und Kommandeur der *Iron Brigade.

 

Bragg stammte aus Oswego County, New York und war Nachkomme von 'pre-Revolutionary' Vermont Settlers. Sein Vater war Betreiber einer Mühle, die in Bragg's Jugend abbrannte. Der 3jährige Bragg entkam knapp den Flammen. At 20, young Bragg was reading law, and in 1850, he rode the wave of migration west. Settling in Fond du Lac. Als Anwalt in Fond du Lac versuchte Bragg 1861 eine Company of Volunteers aufzustellen, was an fehlenden Freiwilligen zu scheitern drohte. Im nahegelegenen Appleton scheiterte ebenfalls die Aufstellung einer anderen Einheit, worauf beide Reste unter Bragg's Kommando zusammengefaßt wurden als „Bragg's Rifles, die anschließend die 10. Company 'I' der 6th Wisconsin Infantry bildete (vgl. Herdegen/Beaudot: Bloody Railroad Cut, a.a.O., S. 47).

 

Photo:

- BrigGen Edward E. Bragg (vgl. Civil War glass negative collection Library of Congress, vgl. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/ Category:Edward_S._Bragg

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Bragg, Edward S.: Papers, State Historical Society of Wisconsin

 

 

Bragg, Thomas:

9.11.1810 Warrenton, Warren County, North Carolina - † 21. Januar 1872 in Raleigh/NC; amerikanischer Politiker, zeitweili­ger Justizminister der CSA und der ältere Bruder des General der Konföderierten Armee, Braxton *Bragg.

 

Politician and lawyer who served as the 34th Governor of the U.S. state of North Carolinafrom 1855 through 1859. During the Civil War, he served in the Confederate States Cabinet. He was the older brother of General Braxton Bragg. They were direct descendants of Thomas Bragg (1579–1665) who was born in England and settled in the Virginia Colony.

 

Born in Warrenton, North Carolina, Bragg attended Warrenton Academy and later graduated from Captain Partridge’s American Li­terary, Scientific & Military Academy now known as Norwich University - The Military College of Vermont. He was admitted to the bar in 1833 and commenced practice in Jackson, North Carolina. He was a member of the North Carolina General Assembly from 1842 to 1843 and became the prosecuting attorney for Northampton County. He successfully ran for Governor of North Carolina and served from 1855 to 1859. He then took a seat in the United States Senate, serving from 1859 until the start of the Civil War in 1861. He served as chairman of the Committee on Claims in the thirty-sixth congress. He resigned and was expelled for siding with the Confederacy. Confederate President Jefferson Davis appointed Bragg Attorney General of the Confederate States; he served from 1861 until his resignation in 1862. He continued to practice law until his death in 1872, and was also chairman of the central executi­ve committee of the North Carolina Democratic Party (then called the Democratic-Conservative Party) as of 1870. He was interred in Oakwood Cemetery in Raleigh, North Carolina (aus https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Bragg).

 

Photo:

Attorney General of the Confederate States Thomas Bragg

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Bragg, Thomas: Diary (Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Southern Historical Collection)

 

 

Brainard, Aldis:

US-Pvt; 5th Vermont Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Brainard, Aldis: Letter , 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier of the 5th Vermont Infantry. Letter written June 8, 1862, from camp outside Richmond, Virginia, to his wife. Describes the Battle of Fair Oaks and the resulting stench from the dead soldiers on the field. (Virgi­nia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms89-044).

 

 

Brainerd, Wesley:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 15th Regiment New York Engineers (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 14); zuvor Major (Captain), Co. C, 50th Regiment New York Engineer (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 14).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Brainerd, Wesley: Bridge Building in Wartime (Univ Tennessee Press); 440 pp; Illustrated; Edited by Ed Malles. Colonel Wesley Brainerd's memoir of the 50th New York Volunteer Engineers

 

 

Braly, William C:

CS-Pvt (?); Co B, 34th Arkansas Infantry; Frank Braly served as minister for the Salem congregation of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church until his death in 1856. When the war broke out, his son William enlisted in Company B, Thirty-fourth Arkansas Infantry, and saw action at Prairie Grove (Washington County), Helena (Phillips County), and Jenkins' Ferry (Grant County), while the rest of his fami­ly remained at Cane Hill.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Braly, Amanda Malvina Fitzallen McClellan: Family papers, 1841-1920; 120 items. Correspondence, diary, notebook, photographs, and other records pertaining to the Braly family of Cane Hill (Washington County). Amanda Braly moved to the Cane Hill area in 1853 with her husband, Frank, and children, William, Mary Francis, Frank, Jr., and Samuel. Much of the correspondence from the war years is between Amanda and William. Although his letters fail to mention the fight at Prairie Grove, two of William's later mis­sives describe his combat experiences at Helena and Jenkins' Ferry (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Branch, Lawrence O'Bryan:

CS-BrigGen; 1820 - † gef. 17.9.1862 Battle of Antietam; aus North Carolina; Branch stammte aus prominenter und wohlhabender Familie; er wuchs bei seinem Onkel, Governor von North Carolina auf; Princeton Graduate; Vorkriegszeit Rechtsanwalt in Florida; Demokratische Partei; Abgeordneter im US-Congress; Branch war politisch in der Sezessionsfrage zunächst gemäßigt, änderte je­doch schließlich seine Ansicht, trat als Abgeordneter zurück und unterstützte die Sezession (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 80); Congressman Lawrence O'Bryan Branch was a strong state rights Democrat, but he was not convinced (Anm.: Ende Dezember 1860) that secession was necessary (vgl. Yearns/Harrett: North Carolina Civil War Documentary, a.a.O., S. 11).

 

Col 33rd North Carolina Infantry; 16.11.1861 Brig­Gen., er kämpfte mit seiner Brigade bei New Bern. Ab Juni 1862 gehörte Branch's Brigade zu Stonewall Jackson's Army Corps und war eingesetzt bei Hanover Court House und im Seven Days Battle (vgl Boatner, a.a.O., S. 80). Beim Angriff Jackson's gegen Pope Anfang August 1862 und dem Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 war Branch Brigade­kommandeur von Branch's Brigade. Robert E. Lee beurteilte Branch's Eignung zum Divisionskommandeur negativ: "Branch is the Senior Brigadier & I cannot trust the division to him" (vgl. Freeman: Lee's Dispatches, a.a.O., S. 39: Brief Lee's an Präsident Davis vom 26.7.1862). Die Beurteilung fußt auf Branch's vergleichsweiser Unerfahrenheit, nicht auf Zweifeln an dessen persönli­chem Mut oder mangelnden Fähigkeiten, denn Branch hatte "most creditably" während der Peninsula Campaign gekämpft und führte sein Kom­mando mit herausragender Tapfer­keit (vgl. Freeman, Lee's Dispatches, a.a.O., S. 39 Anm. 2). Nach Branch's Tod bei Antie­tam erklär­te MajGen A. P. Hill, Branch's Di­visionskommandeur: "he was my senior brigadier and the one to whom I could have trus­ted the command of the division with confi­dence" (vgl. Confederate Military History, 4, S. 299-300).

 

Branch's Brigade im Battle of New Bern / North Carolina (13.3.1862) umfaßte 4500 Mann und bestand aus:

7th North Carolina Infantry Regiment

26th North Carolina Infantry Regiment

27th North Carolina Infantry Regiment

35th North Carolina Infantry Regiment

37th North Carolina Infantry Regiment

2nd North Carolina Cavalry

Lantham's Battery

Brem's Battery

 

The Battle of New Bern (also known as the Battle of New Berne) was fought on 14 March 1862, near the city of New Bern, North Carolina, as part of the Burnside Expedition of the American Civil War. The US Army's Coast Division, led by Brigadier Gene­ral Ambrose E. Burnside and accompanied by armed vessels from the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, were opposed by an un­dermanned and badly trained Confederate force of North Carolina soldiers and militia led by Brigadier General Lawrence O'B. Branch. Although the defenders fought behind breastworks that had been set up before the battle, their line had a weak spot in its cen­ter that was exploited by the attacking Federal soldiers. When the center of the line was penetrated, many of the militia broke, forcing a general retreat of the entire Confederate force. General Branch was unable to regain control of his troops until they had retreated to Kinston, more than 30 miles (about 50 km) away. New Bern came under Federal control, and remained so for the rest of the war (vgl. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_New_Bern).

 

Branch’s Brigade gehörte im Spätsommer 1862 zu Ambrose Powell *Hill’s Light Division; Teilnahme am Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862; die Brigade umfaßte folgende Regimenter (vgl. Battles and Leaders, Vol. II, a.a.O., S. 496; Hassler: A. P. Hill, a.a.O., S. 79; Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 362):

- 7th North Carolina Infantry († Col *Haywood, Edward G.)

- 18th North Carolina Infantry (LtCol *Purdie, T. J.)

- 28th North Carolina Infantry (Col *Lane, James Henry)

- 33rd North Carolina Infantry (Col *Hoke, Robert F.)

- 37th North Carolina Infantry ++++

 

Beim Vormarsch auf Culpeper berichtet Branch, daß Jackson beim Vormarsch entgegen allgemeiner Annahme nicht mit "leichtem Gepäck" marschieren ließ, sondern die Truppen von einem enormen Train begleitet war, den Vormarsch erheblich verzögerte (vgl. Branch Journal, OR 12 [3] 223). Branch's Brigade lag in der Nacht vom 8./9. August 1862 auf dem Nordufer des Rapidan River. Branch berichtet in seinem Report, daß in dieser Nacht gegen 1.00 Uhr die Brigade vom Lärm eines nördlich erfolgten Angriffs der US-Cavalry geweckt wurde, der von Westen aus Richtung Madison Court House (Karte bei Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 18) ge­gen die Stonewall Brigade und Thomas S. *Garnett's Brigade erfolgte (vgl. Krick, a.a.O., S. 40-42; OR 12 [3] 222: Branch's Report). Der junge BrigGen mußte im Battle of Cedar Mountain mit einer Ambulanz aufs Schlachtfeld gefahren werden, da er zu schwach war zu reiten. Branch hielt es während der Schlacht nicht mehr in seinem Wagen und er übernahm aktiv den schlachtentscheidenden Gegenstoß auf Jackson's schon geworfener linker Flanke (Hassler, William Woods: A. P. Hill: Lee’s Forgotten General, a.a.O., S. 79; Stackpole: From Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 66-67; Wood, W. J.: Civil War Generalship, a.a.O., S. 67). Branch behauptete später, die berühmte Stonewall Brigade sei vom Schlachtfeld geflohen, der Einsatz der Brigade Branch habe die Stonewall Brigade aufgefangen (vgl. Stackpole: From Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 66-67). Tatsächlich war nur die 27th Virginia Infantry aus der Stonewall Brigade geflohen, während die anderen Regimenter die Stellung hielten und als einzige CS-Einheiten sogar drei US-Regimentsfahnen erobert hatten. Die falsche Behauptung Branch's diente nur der Erhöhung seines eigenen Ruhms auf Kosten der Stonewall Brigade (vgl. Hartwig, Scott D.: Commentary zu Stackpole: From Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., Stackpole, a.a.O., S. 461; Robertson: Stonewall Briga­de, a.a.O., S. 131 ff; Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 384-88).

 

Branch ist gefallen bei Antietam am 17.9.1862.

 

Photo:

Gen Lawrence O'Bryan Branch (vgl. http://library.duke.edu/digitalcollections)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Branch Papers (a): Wartime Letters, official and private, of L. O'Bryan Branch, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va.

- **Branch Papers (b): ähnlich wie oben, aber mit unterschiedlichen Daten. Die beiden Sammlungen zusammengenommen enthalten nützliche Informationen über die Gedanken von Stonewall Jackson und Ewell und den Einsatz von Branch Einheiten (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 572). North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh, North Carolina

- **Branch Family Papers. Duke University, Durham/NC, Special Collections Library

- OR 12(3) 223 Branch's Report

 

 

Brannan, John M.:

US-MajGen; July 1, 1819 – December 16, 1892; was a career American Army officer who served in the Mexican-American War and as a Union general in the American Civil War, in command of the Department of Key West in Florida and assigned to Fort Zachary Taylor. His first wife was the daughter of Colonel Ichabod Crane; she mysteriously disappeared after taking a ferry from Staten Is­land to lower Manhattan and was presumed to have been murdered (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Milton_Brannan).

 

Brannan was born in Washington, D.C., and was a messenger in the United States House of Representatives when he received his ap­pointment to the United States Military Academy from Ratliff Boon, the U.S. Representative from Indiana in 1837. His appointment was supported by 114 other Congressmen. He finished West Point in 1841, ranking 23rd of 52 cadets, and was assigned to the 1st U.S. Artillery Regiment. After graduation, Brannan served at Plattsburgh, New York during the border dispute with Canada. During the Mexican-American War, Brannan was in the battles of Vera Cruz, Cerro Gordo, La Hoya, Contreras and Churubusco. He was bre­vetted to captain for gallantry for Contreras and Churubusco. He was severely wounded during the battle for Mexico City. After the war with Mexico, Brannan fought against the Seminoles. Brannan then remained in the Southeast at various posts until the begin­ning of the Civil War (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Milton_Brannan).

 

At the outbreak of the Civil War, Brannan was appointed a brigadier general of volunteers and placed in command of the Department of Key West. In October 1862, he fought in the Battle of Saint John's Bluff where he led infantry troops in the expedition on the St. Johns River against Confederate positions for control of Jacksonville, Florida. Also in the same month, Brannan was placed in com­mand of the Department of the South after Ormsby Mitchel's death. He was brevetted a lieutenant colonel for his service during the battle for Jacksonville, Florida. He served as department commander until January 1863. In 1863 he led an infantry division un­der Major General William Rosecrans in the Tullahoma Campaign where he fought at Hoover's Gap. Brannan then fought under Maj. Gen. George Henry Thomas during the Chickamauga Campaign in XIV Corps. At Chickamauga, Brannan lost 38 per cent of his command. Nevertheless, Brannan was awarded a brevet appointment to colonel for meritorious service. When Rosecrans was relie­ved by Ulysses S. Grant, Brannan was reassigned from infantry back to artillery. He was promoted to the rank of major in the regular army in August 1863. From October 1863 until June 1865, Brannan was chief of artillery of the Department of the Cumberland, whe­re he oversaw the defenses at Chattanooga. He was in the Battle of Missionary Ridge and in the Atlanta Campaign where he partici­pated in the Battle of Resaca, Battle of Dallas, and the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain. He was also at the siege and surrender of At­lanta. He was appointed a brevet major general in both the regular army and in the volunteer forces (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ John_Milton_Brannan).

 

After the Civil War, Brannan mustered out of the volunteer forces and reverted to the regular army rank of major with the 1st U.S. Artillery Regiment. He was assigned to artillery duties at Fort Trumbull, Connecticut, Fort Wadsworth, New York, and Ogdensburg, New York. While at Ogdensburg, he helped prevent the Fenian raids into Canada. In 1877, Brannan was in Philadelphia, Pennsylva­nia, where he helped put down the railroad riots. Brannan transferred to the 4th U.S. Artillery Regiment in 1877. He retired from the army with the rank of colonel on April 19, 1882. He then moved to New York City. Brannon was a member of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Brannan died in New York and was buried at Woodlawn Cemetery. He was reinterred at the West Point Cemetery (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ John_Milton_Brannan).

 

 

Brannigan, Felix:

US-+++klären+++ (vgl. Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 27 iVm. S. 226n54).

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Brannigan, Felix: Letter to Father (n.d. [July 1863]); Copy in Brake Collection, USMHI, Carlisle Barracks, PA

 

 

Brant, Jefferson E.:

US-LtCol; geboren am 27.2.1837 in Tuscarawas County / Ohio; er zog später nach Indiana, wo er das Asbury College in Greencastle / Indiana besuchte; graduiert 1860; Eheschließung am 8.8.1858 mit Mary A. McAllister; Pfarrer ab 1860; in Prarieton / Indiana; 1862 Captain Co E 85th Indiana Infantry (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 95, 134); Captain Co. 'E' 85th Indiana Infan­try, Coburn's Brigade; Major, Lt Col 85th Indiana Infantry; er kommandierte kurzzeitig das Regiment

 

Photo:

- Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 16

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Brant, Jefferson E.: History of the Eighty-Fifth Indiana Volunteer Infantry (Bloomington / Ind.: Cravens Brothers, Printers and Binders, 1902)

- Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 6, 8, 16, 23, 30, 38, 50, 52, 54, 55, 58, 60, 61-62, 65, 67, 75, 93, 11-119, 131, 136, 138, 139, 141-44, 152-53, 159, 164, 172, 174, 1981, 193, 208, 222-25, 289-90

 

 

Brantley, Joseph K.:

CS-Sgt; 7th Arkansas Field Battery (Zimmerman's Battery)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brantley, Joseph K.: Roster, 1860-1865; 1 item. Memorandum book, kept by Sergeant Joseph K. Brantley, Zimmerman's Battery, Arkansas Light Artillery (Seventh Arkansas Field Battery), containing a roster of non-commissioned officers and enlisted men, a list of shoes issued to the unit on May 12, 1865, and what appear to be sales transactions recorded in February 1860 (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990)

 

 

Brasher, A. D.:

CS-Surgeon; 3rd Louisiana Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brasher, Leona Sumner: Handwritten Manuscript History, 1915; entitled "Chicot County, Arkansas-Pioneer and Present Times," written by Leona Sumner Brasher, the widow of Dr. A. D. Brasher, assistant surgeon, Third Louisiana Infantry. Brasher's story, based on personal and family recollections, includes capsule biographical sketches of many Chicot County Confederate soldiers. (Chicot County History; in: Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Brastow, George O.:

US-Captain; Co. I, 5th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry (3 months, 1861) (Militia) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 4); vgl. Bennett: Musket and Sword, a.a.O., S. 4).

 

 

Brayman, Mason:

US-BrigGen; aus Springfield, Illinois, Nachbar Lincoln's (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, a.a.O., Vol. I., S. 34 Anm. 43); im November 1862 eingesetzt in Sherman's Corps in Grant's Army of the Tennessee; während Grant's Vorstoß nach Süden auf Grand Junction, Mississip­pi kommandierte Brayman die zur Sicherung von Grant's Versorgungslinie über die Tennessee & Ohio RR in Bolivar, Tennessee (vgl. Karte bei Davis Nr. 154) eingesetzten Sicherungskräfte bestehend aus 17th Illinois Infantry, 43rd Illinois Infantry, 61st Illinois Infan­try, 12th Michigan Infantry, 15th Battery Ohio Light Artillery, 5th Ohio Cavalry und 1st Tennessee Cavalry (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, a.a.O., Vol. I., S. 34 Anm. 43).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brayman, Mason: Papers (Chicago Historical Society, Chicago / Illinois)

 

 

Breathed, James:

CS-Captain, Chew's Battery in Stuart's Cavalry Division (vgl. Longacre: The Cavalry at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 32).

 

 

Breck, George E.:

US-First Lt, Co. B, 3rd Regiment New York Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 14).

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Breck, George, comp. Robert E. Marcotte. Breck's War Correspondence of George Breck, Battery L, 1st New York Light Artillery. Rochester, N.Y., R. E. Marcotte, 2005

- **Breck, George: Letter of 18.9.1862, published in the Rochester Union and Advertiser, Sept. 26, 1862 (vgl. McPherson: Crossroads of Freedom. Antietam, a.a.O., S. 157 n. 2)

 

 

Breckinridge, Cary:

CS-Maj; 2nd Virginia Cavalry; 1863 gehörte die Einheit unter Col Thomas T. *Munford zu Fitzhugh Lee's Cavalry Brigade; Stuart's Cavalry Division (vgl. Longacre, The Cavalry at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 17).

 

 

Breckenridge, John C.:

CS-MajGen; aus Kentucky, Confederate Secretary of War, appointed 28.1.1865; Breckinridge stammt aus Kentucky; US-Vizepräsi­dent in der Regierung Buchanan 1857-61 (Farwell, Byron: Ball's Bluff - A small Battle and Its Long Shadow, a.a.O., S. 18; Kelly, Holding Kentucky for the Union; in: Battles and Leaders Vol. I S. 377). Breckenridge war 1860 demokratischer Gegenkandidat Lin­coln's um die Präsidentschaft (vgl. Grant, Memoirs, a.a.O., S. ++++); der andere demokratische Gegenkandidat zum Republikaner Lincoln war Steven A. *Douglas, US-Senator und demokratischer Präsidentschaftskandidat 1860 (vgl. Mosby, Memoirs, a.a.O., S. 14; Grant, Memoirs, Kap 16); Grant bezeichnet Douglas' Kandidatur als aussichtslos, der wirkliche Wahlwettbewerb fand zwischen dem Demokraten *Breckenridge und dem Republikaner Lincoln statt; zu Douglas vgl. auch McPherson, Für die Freiheit sterben, a.a.O., S. 63, 68, 98, 108, 111-14, 116 ff, etc.

 

Douglas vertrat in der Frage von Sklavenhaltung und Territorialprinzip die Auffassung, daß jeder Staat der USA die Sklaverei inner­halb seiner Grenzen verbieten könne. Breckenridge folgte dagegen der Meinung, insb. nach der Entscheidung des Supreme Court im Dred Scott Case, daß es das Recht der Sklavenhalter sei, ihre Sklaven in neue Territorien mitzunehmen und als Sklaven zu halten, auch wenn die Sklavenhaltung gegen die Mehrheitsmeinung der Einwohner des betreffenden Staates verstoße.

 

Breckinridge vertrat im US-Senat im August 1861 die Ansicht der friedlichen Trennung der Staaten; dieser Meinung trat US-Senator und Colonel Edward Dickinson *Baker am 1.8.1861 in einer energischen - in US-Uniform gehaltenen - Rede entgegen und bezeich­nete Breckinridge's Ansicht als Verrat (Farwell, Byron: Ball's Bluff - A small Battle and Its Long Shadow, a.a.O., S. 18). Kurz darauf verließ Breckinridge Washington und schloß sich der Konföderation an.

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History, Vol. 1: Fort Sumter to Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 307

- Kelly, Holding Kentucky for the Union; in: Battles and Leaders Vol. I, S. 377

Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, a.a.O., S. 62

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Breckinridge, John C.: Papers; Chicago Historical Society

- **Davis, William C.: Breckinridge: Statesman, Soldier, Symbol (Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 1974)

 

 

Breckinridge, Joseph C.:

CS-Privat; aus Kentucky; Sohn von John C. *Breckinridge; 1861 war Joseph C. Breckinridge Private in Co. B 2nd Kentucky Infantry unter seinem Onkel Captain Robert C. *Breckinridge (vgl. Davis: Orphan Brigade, a.a.O., S. 16).

 

 

Breckinridge, Lucy:

CS-+++; aus Virginia

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Breckinridge, Lucy: Lucy Breckinridge of Grove Hill: The Journal of a Virginia Girl, 1862-1864 (Univ South Carolina). Memoirs of a high-spirited youth who wanted to escape wartime boredom

 

 

Breckinridge, Robert J.:

CS-Captain; aus Kentucky; Cousin von John C. Breckinridge (vgl. Davis: Orphan Brigade, a.a.O., S. 14); Captain Co. B in der 2nd Kentucky Infantry (vgl. Davis: Orphan Brigade, a.a.O., S. 16); in seiner Kompanie diente 1861 als Private Joseph C. *Breckinridge, der Sohn von John C. *Breckinridge (vgl. Davis: Orphan Brigade, a.a.O., S. 16).

 

 

Breckinridge, W. C. P.:

CS-Col; 9th Kentucky Cavalry (vgl. Horwitz: The Longest Raid, a.a.O., S. 4)

 

 

Breeden, Pompey O.:

CS-Pvt; Co B 2nd Arkansas Mounted Rifles

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Moose, James Sayles: Papers, 1833-1980. The Moose papers also include typed transcripts of eight letters written by Private Pom­pey O. Breeden, Company B, Second Arkansas Mounted Rifles, dating from August 12, 1861, to March 21, 1862. These letters des­cribe Breeden's experiences at the battles of Wilson's Creek, Missouri, and Pea Ridge (Benton County) (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayette­ville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Brem, Thomas Hamilton:

CS-Col (vgl. Inschrift auf seinem Grabstein im Elmwood Cemetery, Charlotte, Mecklenburg County, NC); 1816-1876 (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com). Wohl identisch mit Captain T. H. Brem, Batteriechef von Brem's Battery; Teilnahme am Battle of New Berne am 14.3.1863 im Rahmen von Brig. Gen. Lawrence O’B. Branch Brigade (vgl. Hess: Lee's Tar Heels, a.a.O., S. 13) sowie im Battle of the Seven Days im Rahmen Theophilus T. Holmes North Carolina Division https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seven_Days _Confederate_order_of_battle).

 

 

Brent, Joseph Lancaster:

CS-BrigGen; 30.11.1826 Pomonkey / Charles County / Maryland - 27.11.1905 Baltimore / Maryland; Studium an der Georgetown University / Maryland; dann kurze Zeit Rechtsanwalt in St. Martinsville / Louisiana; ab 1849 Rechtsanwalt in California; 1856 und 1857 Abgeordneter im California Parlament; bei Kriegsausbruch versuchte Brent per Schiffsreise in die CSA zu gelangen, wurde je­doch auf hoher See verhaftet und erst im Februar 1862 paroled. Brent ging nach Richmond und wurde Mitglied im Stab von MajGen Magruder; am 9.5.1852 befördert zum Major der Artillery; zugleich Chief of Ordnance im Stab Magruder's. Anschließend nach Loui­siana versetzt; dort Chief of Artillery in West Louisiana; er ließ zwei behelfsmäßige Gunboats bauen, die das US-Ironclad Indianola aufgriffen; 15.10.1864 Brigadekommandeur und BrigGen in Nord-Louisiana. Brent war einer der drei Commissionars, die am 26.5.1865 die Übergabe des CS-Districts Trans-Mississippi verhandelten (vgl. Allardice: More Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 42).

 

Photo:

Allardice, a.a.O., S. 42

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brent, Joseph L.: Memoirs of the War (New Orleans, 1940)

 

 

Brett, David:

US-+++; 9th Massachusetts Battery

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brett, David (9th Mass Battery): My Dear Wife: The Civil War Letters of David Brett, Union Canoneer (Pioneer Press, 1964); 137 pp, Index, Photos, Rosters. The 9th Mass Battery fought bravely at Gettysburg in hand-to-hand combat against the 21st Mississippi and went on to fight at Mine Run, Brandy Station, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg and Appomattox.

 

 

Brevard, Keziah Goodwyn Hopkin:

CS-+++

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brevard, Keziah: A Plantation Mistress on the Eve of the Civil War: The Diary of Keziah Goodwyn Hopkin Brevard, 1860-1861 (Univ S. Carolina, 1996); edited by John Hammond Moore, 137 pp, Index, Photos. An insightful prelude to the well-known diaries of Mary Chestnut and Emma Holmes.

 

 

Brewer, Melvin:

US-LtCol; zunächst Captain Co. F&S, 1st Regiment Michigan Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldier M545 Roll 5).

 

31.10.1831 Wilson, Niagra Co., NY - † mortally wounded 19.9.1864 Winchester / VA, gestorben 25.9.1864. 7th Generation descen­dent of Johannes (Jan)1 Brouwer (1632-1702) of New Netherland (Philip6 Brewer, John5 Brewer, Elias4 Brewer, Elias3 Brouwer, Derck2 Brouwer, Jan1 Brouwer); Childhood: 1837 -1851, Farm in White Lake, Oakland Co., Michigan; educated in Law at Universi­ty of Michigan, Pontiac Branch 1851 – 1855; °° 4.2.1857 Amanda Clark; two children, Emmer  11 Nov 1857, Melvin Napoleon 1 Aug 1859 (Richard Brewer bei www. Google, Stichwort Melvin Brewer, Abruf vom 6.5.2016)

 

Pre Military Career: Lawyer, Almont, LaPeer Co., Michigan 1855 -1861; Enlisted from Almont, Lapeer Co., Michigan. he was 29 years of age when he was commissioned Captain, Company L, of the 1st Michigan Cavalry 9 August 1861. Promoted to Major 16 February 1863 in 1st Regiment Michigan Cavalry. On 6 June 1864 he was made Lt. Colonel in the 7th Michigan Cavalry, in General Custer's "Michigan Cavalry" brigade. He commanded that regiment in the action at Trevilian Station, VA., June 11, 1864, and was wounded there. He was mortally wounded at the Battle of Winchester, VA. September 19, 1864 and died September 25, 1864 (Ri­chard Brewer bei www. Google, Stichwort Melvin Brewer, Abruf vom 6.5.2016).

 

Teilnahme am Battle of Kernstown am 23.3.1862 (vgl. OR 12 [I]: 349 [Shields' Report]).

 

Anfang Juni 1863 hatten sich die Anzeichen für einen Vorstoß von Lee's Army of Northern Virginia nach Norden verstärkt. Gen Joe Hooker hatte, auf Bitte seines Cavalry Commanders Pleasonton deshalb beim War Department in Washington um Verstärkung gebe­ten, um verstärkte Aufklärung betreiben zu können. Stahel's Cavalry Division gehörte damals zu Heintzelman's Truppen im Verteidi­gungsring um Washington. Stahel erhielt nun Befehl: „There is little doubt, that Lee has moved his army from Hooker's front [Anm.: vor Fredericksburg/VA]. His object is not known. Push a strong reconnaissance into the Shenandoah Valley at once to acquire any in­formation which may be had of the enemy's whereabouts or intensions“ (vgl. Nye: Here come the Rebels, a.a.O., S. 47; OR XXV, Part. 1, p. 18). At first Stahel seemed reluctant, but 2 days later, he set forth from Fairfax with 2 small regiments in einer Gesamtstär­ke von 600 Mann. They established a base where the Orange & Alexandria Railroad crosses Kettle Run, a few miles back of Pleason­ton's headquarters at . Stahel sent patrols into Loudon Valley. One of these scouts produced a bit of information that was highly signi­ficant, but which seems to have been overlooked by the War Department and possibly was not even transmitted to Hooker. At 6 on 8.6.1863 Major Melvin Brewster of the 1st Michigan Cavalry sent the following telegram from Winchester /VA: „On June 6, General Ewell with a corps was encamped one mile this side of Culpeper. Stuart with a large force of cavalry, is between Culpeper and Front Royal.“ (vgl. Nye: Here come the Rebels, a.a.O., S. 47-48; OR XXVII, Pt. 1, p. 785).

 

Photo:

- LtCol Melvin Brewer (vgl. Richard Brewer bei www. Google, Stichwort Melvin Brewer, Abruf vom 6.5.2016)

 

 

Brewster, A. P.:

CS-+++; Assistant Adjutant General im Stab von Gen A. S. Johnston im Battle of Shiloh (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 44)

 

 

Brewster, Charles H.:

US-Adjutant; Co. CFS, 10th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 4);

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Blight, David W. (Hrsg.): When this Cruel War is Over: The Civil War Letters of Charles Harvey Brewster (University of Massa­chusetts Press, 1992)

 

 

Brewster, Col.:

US-Col; 63th New York Infantry; im Mai 1862 vor Yorktown (vgl. Nevins: Col Wainwright, a.a.O., S. 44).

 

 

Briant, C. C.:

US-+++; 67th Indiana Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Briant, C. C.: History of the 67th Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry (Indianapolis, 1891)

 

 

Bridgford, D. B.:

CS-Captain; 1961 Chef des 1st Regular Battalion (Irish Battalion) 3rd Brigade Jesse Burks, Jackson's Army of the Valley; Teilnahme am Battle von Kernstown am 23.3.1862; hierbei sollte das Irish Battalion die Artillery von Carpenter's Battery decken, geriet jedoch durcheinander, so daß der größere Teil des Irish Battalion stattdessen Stellung vor McLaughlin's Battery bezog, bzw. auf einen durch Captain Alexander S. *Pendleton übermittelten Befehl Stonewall Jackson's (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 129; OR 12 [I] 405 Bridgford's Report).

 

 

Bridgford, Oliver A.:

US-+++; 45th Illinois Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Bridgford, Oliver A.: Letters (Shiloh National Military Park, Shiloh / Tennessee, 45th Illinois File)

 

 

Briggs, Edward:

US-Col 76th Ohio Infantry (vgl. zu Kritik an Briggs: Glatthaar: The March to the Sea and Beyond, a.a.O., S. 22 m.w.N.).

 

 

Briggs, Henry Shaw:

US-BrigGen und Brigadekommandeur. Seine Brigade gehörte seit Herbst 1862 zur Division von BrigGen Andrew Atchinson Hum­phreys; Teilnahme am Angriff auf den Stonewall im Battle von Fredericksburg (vgl. Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 84). Da der Brigadekommandeur Briggs auf grund einer Verwundung im Battle of Fair Oaks schwer verwundet worden war, führte Col Alla­bach die Brigade im Battle von Fredericksburg (vgl. Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 84).

 

Die Brigade Briggs umfaßte folgende Regimenter:

- 131st Pennsylvania Infantry Col Peter Hollingshead *Allabach

- 123rd Pennsylvania Infantry Col John B. *Clark

- 133rd Pennsylvania Infantry Col Franklin *Speakman

- 155th Pennsylvania Infantry Col E. J. *Allen

 

 

Brinckle, John Rumley:

US-Col; 5th US Artillery im Spätjahr 1861 / Frühjahr 1862 (vgl. Nevins: Col Wainwright, a.a.O., S. 5), die sog. 'German Batteries (vgl. Nevins: Col Wainwright, a.a.O., S. 36, 74).

 

 

Bringhurst, T. H.:

US-Col; 1862 Col der 46th Indiana Infantry in Col. Graham N. Fitch's Brigade. Im Juni 1862 war Fitch's Indiana Brigade (43rd In­diana Infantry; 46th Indiana Infantry) beteiligt am Vorstoß gegen Fort Pillow, den Col Charles *Ellet's Ram Fleet auf dem Mississippi River gegen Fort Pillow unternahm. Ellet ordnete eine bewaffnete Aufklärung auf dem Ufer des Mississippi gegen Fort Pillow an, um festzustellen, ob das CS Gunboat noch vor Fort Pillow lag, um dieses evtl. mit einem überraschenden Zugriff an der Landestelle durch Infantry zu besetzen, bevor die Ram Fleet unterstützt von Davis's Western Gunboat Flotilla gegen Fort Pillow vorging. Die Aufklärung erbrachte, daß die Konföderierten begonnen hatten, Fort Pillow zu evakuieren (vgl. ORN XXIII, S. 42; Bearss: Hardluck Ironclad, a.a.O., S. 66, 67). Fitch's Männer drangen am 3.6.1862 bis auf 30 m vor die Schießscharten von Fort Pillow im Bereich des Cold River und waren an der für 5.6.1862 geplanten Joint Attack gegen Fort Pillow von Mississippi Ram Fleet unter Col Ellet und der Western Gunboat Flotilla Col Davis' und Fitch's Brigade beteiligt (vgl. Bearss: Hardluck Ironclad, a.a.O., S. 67-68). 1863 mit der 46th Indiana Infantry Teilnahme an Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 1863; in McClernand's XIII Army Corps, 12th Division BrigGen Alvin P. Hovey; Marsch zur Umgehung von *Grand Gulf auf der Westseite des Mississippi in Louisiana von Coffee's Point bis zum Ufer gegenüber *Bruinsburg im April 1863 (vgl. Bearss, Edwin Cole: The Vicksburg Campaign, Vol. II, a.a.O, , S. 317-18, 403; Kar­te: Davis Nr. 155 D6,

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- History of the Forty-sixth Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry, September, 1861 - September 1865. Compiled by Committee (Lo­gansport, 1888)

 

 

Brinton, John Hill:

US-Surgeon; Chief Surgeon in Grant's Army of the Mississippi (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 54, 55)

 

Brinton was Grant's Medical Director and met, observed and commented on practically the entire hierarchy of the Union Army. Ne­vins says "Brinton, a renowned surgeon and able scholar, provides intimate glimpses of both Federal hospitals in the West and the principal battlefields of the East."

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Brinton, John Hill (Surgeon, U.S. Vols): Personal Memoirs of John H. Brinton (Univ Southern Illinois Press; Reprint of 1914 Neale Original); 380 pp. New Foreword by John Y. Simon

 

 

Brisbine, Napoleon B.:

US-Surgeon; 2nd Ohio Cavalry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brisbine, Napoleon B.: Letters (VMI-Archive)

 

 

Bristow, Benjamin H.:

US-Col; Co. F&S, 8th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (US) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M386 Roll 3); zunächst LtCol 25th Regiment Ken­tucky Infantry (US) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M386 Roll 3 'Ben. H. Bristow; Anm.: in der dt. Ausgabe von Wikipedia, Stichwort Benjamin H. Bristow, fehlerhaft als 25th Regiment Kentucky Infantry [CS] angegeben).

 

Eingesetzt im Juli 1863 zur Abwehr von Morgan's Raid nach Kentucky, Indiana und Ohio (vgl. Hor­witz: The Longest Raid, a.a.O., S. 20; vgl. McGowan, Col. J. E.: Morgan's Indiana and Ohio Raid; in: Annals of the War, a.a.O., S. 763).

 

Bristow graduated at Jefferson College, Washington, Pennsylvania, in 1851, studied law under his father, and was admitted to the Kentucky bar in 1853. For a while Bristow worked as a law partner for his father. His father later became a strong anti-slavery Unionist. His father's political anti-slavery and Whig views strongly influenced Bristow's own political outlook.

 

Zunächst LtCol 25th Regiment Ken­tucky Infantry (US) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M386 Roll 3 'Ben. H. Bristow; Anm.: in der dt. Ausgabe von Wikipedia, Stichwort Benjamin H. Bristow, fehlerhaft als 25th Regiment Kentucky Infantry [CS] angegeben).In April 1862, he was severely wounded by an exploding shell at the Battle of Shiloh in Tennessee and temporarily forced to retire from field duty in order to recover from his injury. After his recuperation, Bristow returned to field service during the summer of 1862 and helped recruit the 8th Kentucky Cavalry. On September 8, 1862 Bristow was commissioned lieutenant colonel over the 8th Kentucky Cavalry. Bristow assumed command of the 8th Kentucky Cavalry in January, 1863 after Col. James M. Shackleford, the previous commander, was promoted brigadier general. On April 1, 1863 Bristow was promoted to colonel and continued his command over the 8th Kentucky Cavalry (vgl. www. wikipedia.org, Abruf v. 5.3.2017).

 

In 1863, Bristow was elected Kentucky state Senator, serving only one term until 1865, and therefore on September 23, 1863, Bristow was honorably discharged from service in the Union Army. At the end of the Civil War, Bristow was appointed assistant to the U.S. District Attorney serving in the Louisville area, In 1866, Bristow was appointed U.S. District attorney serving in the Louisville area. In 1870, Bristow was appointed the United States' first U.S. Solicitor General, who aided the U.S. Attorney General by arguing cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. In 1874, Bristow was appointed U.S. Secretary of the Treasury by President Ulysses S. Grant. Initially Grant gave Bristow his full support during Bristow's popular prosecution of Whiskey Ring. However, when Bristow and Grant's Attorney General Edwards Pierrepont, another reforming Cabinet member, uncovered that Orville Babcock, Grant's personal secretary, was involved in the ring, Grant's relationship with Bristow cooled. In June 1876, due to friction over Bristow's zealous prosecution of the Whiskey Ring and rumor that Bristow was interested in running for the U.S. Presidency, Bristow resigned from President Grant's Cabinet. During the presidential election of 1876, Bristow made an unsuccessful attempt at gaining the Republican presidential ticket, running as a Republican reformer; the Republicans, however, chose Rutherford B. Hayes. After the 1876 presidential election, Bristow returned to private practice in New York, forming a successful law practice in 1878, often arguing cases before the U.S. Supreme Court until his death in 1896 (vgl. www. wikipedia.org, Abruf v. 5.3.2017).

 

20.6.1832 Elkton/Ky - † 22.6.1896 New York; S. v. Francis M. Bristow and Emily Helm; ∞ 21.11.1854 Abbie S. Briscoe; father of William A. Bristow and Nannie Bristow (vgl. www. wikipedia.org, Abruf v. 5.3.2017).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Bristow, Benjamin H.: Papers, Library of Congress, Washington/DC

- Foner: Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 457, 555, 566

 

 

Britton, Wiley:

+++; 6th Kansas Cavalry (CS oder US ?)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Wiley Britton (6th Kansas Cavalry) - MEMOIRS OF THE REBELLION ON THE BORDER, 1863 - Univ Nebraska Press - Reprint of 1882 Original - 458 pp - Introduction by Phillip Tucker who calls this "the best and most accurate first person account of the long overlooked western border war of 1863" - Publisher's List Price = $14.95, Our Price - $13

 

 

Broady, K. Oscar:

US-LtCol; 1863 war Broady Regimentskommandeur 61st New York Infantry. Das Regiment gehörte während der Gettysburg Cam­paign zur 1st Brigade Col Edward C. Cross; 1st Division BrigGen John C. Caldwell, II. Army Corps Winfield S. Hancock

 

 

Broadhead, James O.:

im Frühjahr 1861 Mitglied der Committee of Public Safety in St. Louis, Mo. (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 33, 73; Parrish, William E.: Turbulent Partnership, a.a.O., S. 29).

 

 

Broadhead, Thornton F.:

US-BrigGen; 1822-2.9.1862; aus New Hampshire; US-Col 1st Michigan Cavalry am 22.8.1861. Kommandeur der Kavallerie im Battle of Kernstown am 23.3.1862 (vgl. OR [I]: 355 [Broadhead's Report]), bestehend aus (vgl. OR 12 [I]: 346):

- 1st Squadron Pennsylvania Cavalry

- Maryland Cavalry (three companies)

- 1st Ohio Cavalry (Co. A and C)

- 1st Michigan Cavalry (detachment)

 

Am 30.8.1862 kam es bei 2nd Manassas zwischen der 2nd Virginia Cavalry und der 1st Michigan Cavalry unter Col. Broadhead zu einem Kavalleriegefecht, bei dem Munford einen leichten Säbelhieb über den Kopf davontrug und Col Broadhead aufgrund seiner hierbei erlittenen Verwundung am 2.9.1862 gestorben ist (vgl. Swank: Courier, a.a.O., S. 32-33; vgl. auch Col. Munford's Report, OR 12.2, S. 748).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Broadhead, Thornton F.: Correspondence. Detroit Public Library. Detroit / Michigan

 

 

Brobst, John B.:

US-Pvt; Co. G, 25th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers 559 Roll 4).

 

John Franklin Brobst enlisted in the Twenty-Fifth Wisconsin Infantry from Buffalo County in September 1862, at the age of 24. After training at La Crosse and Camp Randall, WI, he was sent first to Minnesota to quell an Indian uprising, and then south to fight the Southern rebels. Throughout his wartime service, he wrote many letters to his 13-year-old girlfriend Mary Englesby back in Mondovi, WI. Those letters began in 1863 and continued to June, 1865, when he returned home. John served at Vicksburg, and was then sent to Helena, Arkansas, where with other soldiers he helped scout for guerillas. He captured countless geese, chickens, pigs, cows, horses, and anything else of value, but found few guerillas. In 1864, he marched with Gen. Sherman's army to Atlanta. Sickness kept John from marching through Georgia with Sherman; he remained in Atlanta in a military hospital at Kennesaw Mountain for several months. After recovery in late 1864, he travelled by steamer up the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers and then by train down into North Carolina where he rejoined his army buddies on their northern march just in time to go to Washington, DC, and march in the celebratory parade at the war's end. He was mustered out in Washington in June 1865 (vgl. Bost, Bill: „Well Mary,“, Homepage Brobst/Probst Family History and Genealogy, Abruf v. 5.4.2017).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Brobst, John B.: „Well Mary“: Civil War Letters of a Wisconsin Volunteer. ed. Lydia M. Post (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1960)

 

 

Brock, John P.:

CS-Captain; John P. Brock Cavalry of the 1st Cavalry Regiment Wise Legion, which was renamed in May 1862 as the 10th Regiment Virginia Cavalry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brock, John P. Muster Roll, 1861. Confederate Civil War muster roll, taken June 12, 1861, in Staunton, Virginia, of the Captain John P. Brock Cavalry of the 1st Cavalry Regiment Wise Legion, which was renamed in May 1862 as the 10th Regiment Virginia Ca­valry. Muster roll lists volunteers' rank, age, value of horses and horse equipment brought with them, and where, when and how long they joined for duty. Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 92-023).

 

 

Brockenbrough, John B.:

CS-Captain, 2nd Battery, Maryland Artillery ( Baltimore Battery); er war Batteriechef bis Spätjahr 1862 sein Nachfolger war Captain William H. *Griffin (vgl. Wise: The long Arm of Lee, a.a.O., Bd. 2, S. 446).

 

 

Brockenbrough, John M.:

CS-Col; Judge Brockenbrough wurde am 28.4.1861 von der Virginia Secession Convention in den Provisional CS-Congress gewählt (vgl. Ruffin, Diary II 13, 18); Regimentskommandeur 14th Virginia Infantry; Ende 1861 als Nachfolger Pickett's Befehlshaber des Bereich Northern Neck am unteren Rappahannock (vgl. Longacre: Pickett, a.a.O., S. 60; Karte bei Davis Nr. 16).

 

 

Brodnax, William Edward:

CS-Lt; zunächst 9th Regiment North Carolina State Tropps, dann 1st Regiment North Carolina Cavalry (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 21.8.2016; Anm.: bei National Park Soldiers nicht genannt); Bruder von Dr. Alexander John Brodnax

 

Urkunden Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Lewis, Henry W. “A Candid Confederate,” 1997, by Henry W. Lewis (b. 1916) is a compilation of the letters of Brunswick County, Virginia resident William E. Brodnax (1827-1907) to his brother John Brodnax (1830-1885), written during the war years, 1861-1865. There is additional correspondence of close family relations. The transcribed letters include annotations and comments by the editor, Henry W. Lewis. There is a great deal of information on Confederate camp life, as well as the functioning of society and the economy in a war torn country (1 vol, 178 p; vgl. Library of Viginia, Richmond/VA, Archives and Manuscripts Room, Manuscript 35318)

 

 

Bromwell, William J.:

CS-Angestellter; Distributing Clerk of the Confederate State Department (vgl. Tidwell, April 65 - Confederate Covert Action, a.a.O., S. 16, 20).

 

Bromwell führte u.a. ein Ledger (Hauptbuch), das Kopien aller von Jefferson Davis unterzeichneten Zahlungsanweisungen (war­rants) - darunter auch für den CS-Secret Service - enthielt (vgl. Chicago Historical Society: Confederate States of Amerika Secret Service Account Book [Chicago, Manuscript, ohne Datum, zitiert bei Tidwell, April 65 - Confederate Covert Action, a.a.O., S. 243]); Tidwell (a.a.O., S. 19) zitiert den Guide to the Archives of the Government of the Confederate States of Amerika, by Henry Putney Beers (National Archives Washington, 1968): "A secret service account book ... is a remnant; most of the pages habe been removed." Das Buch wurde einige Jahre später als Schmierpapier in einem Drugstore verwendet, dessen Inhaber die leeren Stellen für Notizen verwendete. Die von dem Drugstore-Inhaber wieder verwendeten Seiten wurden später herausgerissen (Tidwell, a.a.O., S. 20)

 

 

Bronaugh, W. C.:

CS-++++; Co. 'K' 16th Missouri Infantry (CS)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Bronaugh, W. C. (Co. K, 16th Missouri, C.S.A): The Younger's Fight for Freedom: A Southern Soldier's Twenty Years Campaign to Open Northern Prison Doors with Anecdotes of War Days (Stephens Publishing, Columbia MO 1906)

 

 

Bronson, Ira T.:

US-1stLt; Co. I&C, 5th Regiment New Hampshire Infantry; er trat als Musician in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M549 Roll 2). Im Battle of Antietam ging Bronson am 17.9.1862 im Rahmen des Regiments aus östlicher Richtung gegen die Antietam Bridge vor (vgl. Photo bei Frassanito: Antietam Photographic Legacy, a.a.O., S. 81). Bronson erinnerte sich später an einen CS-Scharfschützen, versteckt hinter einem Busch auf der Ostseite des Antietam Creek.Als sich Bronsom der Brücke näherte (eine CS-Verteidigungslinie von 1 mi Länge befand sich in Stellung auf der Westseite des Flusses), wurde er von dem Scharfschützen beschossen. The first shot missed, but two more rounds followed quickly, each striking the lieutenant's clothing. Realizing the danger Bronson was in, members of his Company gbegan firing at the bush, whereupon the sniper made a hasty retreat for the bridge. Miraculously, the sniper, still under fire, reached the brigde unharmed. In a gesture of defiance, he turned and swung his hat at the enemy infantrymen before dashing to the safety of the opposite bank (vgl. Frassanito: Antietam Photographic Legacy, a.a.O., S. 80; vgl. Child, William: A History of the Fifth Regiment, a.a.O., 132).

 

Der spätere Dr. Ira. T. Bronson: 31.7.1840 New York - † 15.2.1915 Sedalia, Pettis County/Missouri; beerd. Crown Hill Cemetery, Sedalia, Pettis County/Missouri; °° Orpha Gleason Bronson (1847-1918) (vgl. www.findagrave.vom, Abruf vom 17.6.2016).

 

Photo:

- findagrave.com: Dr. Ira T. Bronson in späteren Jahren, Bronson als US-Officer; Grabstein mit der Angabe des militärischen Rages und Truppenteils

 

 

Broocks, John H.:

CS-Major, 27th Texas Cavalry (vgl. Bearss, Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., I, S. 90). Das Regiment gehörte im November / Dezember 1862 unter LtCol Hawkins bei der Abwehr von Grant's Stoß entlang der Mississippi Central Railroad zu John S. *Griffith's Cavalry Brigade (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., vol. I S. 90).

 

 

Brooke, John R.:

-++General; Col John R. Brooke befehligte nach der Schlacht von Fredericksburg am 13.12.1862 das Begräbniskommando (vgl. Reardon, Carol: "Humphreys's Pennsylvania Division"; in: Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 105).

 

 

Brooke, William Rawle:

US-LtCol; eigentlich Rawle William Brooke; er änderte die Reihenfolge seiner Vornamen nach dem Krieg, und wird teilweise mit William Brooke-Rawle angegeben. In Gettysburg Lt

 

"William Rawle Brooke (he reversed the order of his surname after the war) was the scion of a distinguished Philadelphia family and a nineteen-year-old senior at the University of Pennsylvania when he obtained a commission as a second Lieutenant in Company C, 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry, midway through the Civil War. Diminuative and babyfaced, he went south in May 1863 to take command of a platoon of bearded veterans, some of whom were more than twice his age. Despite a dearth of military experience, he established himself as a popular officer, primarily because he was not afraid to lead in battle. Late that spring and early in the summer he found himself immersed in a whirlpool of conflict, but he escaped without serious injury. He returned home in 1865 as a battle-tempered veteran of twenty-one, with the brevet of Lieutenant colonel and an opportunity for a Regular Army commission. He "threw up" the appointment, entered law school, and became a respected member of the Philadelphia bar. Late in life he served as an officer on the board of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania (which his ancestors had helped establish), and in his spare hours he wrote memoirs and historical monographs.

 

In 1877 Brooke Rawle penned one of the first in-depth studies of cavalry service in the Pennsylvania campaign, "The Right Flank at Gettysburg," one of a series of war reminiscences published in the Philadelphia Weekly Times. Later reprinted in pamphlet form and as part of a book-length compilation, the account brought him into contact with many troopers on both sides and influenced him to write other works on the topic, some of which appeared in the prestigious Journal of the United States Cavalry Association. He also became a prime mover behind the 1880 Congressional appropriation for the resurveying of the Gettysburg battlefield to include ca­valry battle terrain on government maps. And soon after the turn of the twentieth century he edited the chronicle of his regiment's war career, destined to be recognized as one of the finest Civil War unit histories ever published.

 

In addition to producing a wealth of material on the cavalry at Gettysburg, Brooke Rawle bequeathed to later generations a vast body of literature on the war in general. He and other comrades of the 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry were charter members of the Military Or­der of the Loyal Legion of the United States, a Union officers' patriotic and fraternal organization established in Philadelphia in 1865. Over the next several years the legionnaires stocked the local commandery's War Library with twelve thousand volumes, as well as with letters, diaries, memoirs, photographs, and artifacts covering all phases of the conflict - many dealing with cavalry operations. Through such efforts the War Library (heute: William Brooke Rawle Collection at the Historical Society of Philadelphia) became one of the largest repositories of Civil War literature in the country. Today, housed at 1805 Pine Street, Philadelphia, it remains an inva­luable source of information for Civil War researchers." (aus Longacre: The Cavalry at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 9/10)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brooke, William Rawle (Capt, 3rd PA Cavalry): History of the Third Pennsylvania Cavalry, Sixtieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volun­teers, in the american Civil War, 1861-1865 (Philadelphia, 1905) (Nevins describes this as "An exceptionally full, day-by-day chro­nicle of the regiment first commanded by William W. Averell; indispensable for an insight into Eastern cavalry operations throughout the four years of war.")

- Brooke, William Rawle: Diary, 1863 and Correspondence. War Library, National Commandery, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Philadelphia / Pennsylvania

 

 

Brooks, Edward:

US-Pvt; Co. H, 1st Regiment Wisconsin Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 4).

 

 

Brooks, Edward P.:

US-Adjutant; Co. D, F&S, 6tr Regiment Wisconsin Infantry; Brooks trat als Quartermaster Sergeant in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 4).

 

1863 Adjutant 6th Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. Martin: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 131; Dawes: Full Blown Yankee, a.a.O., S. 169)

 

 

Brooks, Noah:

US-Journalist; aus Maine; Civil War Correspondent. Brooks kannte Lincoln noch aus dessen Zeit in Illinois persönlich; er war der einzige Korrespondent in Washington, der persönliche Beziehungen zu Präsident Lincoln unterhielt; er begleitete Lincoln wiederholt zur Front. Im zweiten Kriegsjahr war Brooks Reporter des 'Sacramento Union' in Washington (vgl. Andrews, a.a.O., S. 54).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Andrews, J. Cutler: The North Reports the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 54, 342-43, 432-433- 522-523

- Brooks, Noah: Mr. Lincoln's Washington: Selections of the Writings of Noah Brooks, Civil War Correspondent; ed. P. J. Stau­denraus (South Brunswick. N.J.: Thomas Yoseloff, 1967)

 

 

Brooks, Preston S.:

† 1857; aus South Carolina; Abgeordneter im US-Congress; Verwandter von Senator Andrew Pickens Butler. Charles *Sumner hielt wegen der Zustände in Kansas am 20.5.1856 eine Rede im Senat, die unter der Bezeichnung "The Crime against Kansas" berühmt wurde. In dieser griff er u.a. den abwesenden Senator Andrew Pickens *Butler persönlich in beleidigender Weise an. Er wurde des­halb von einem Verwandter Butlers, dem South Carolina Kongressabgeordneten Preston S. *Brooks im Senat angegriffen, niederge­schlagen und derart schwer verletzt, daß er erst nach dreijähriger Genesungszeit wieder in der Lage war, seinem Amt als Senator nachzugehen (vgl. Randall, Civil War and Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 139). Während seiner Erkrankung wurde sein Sitz im US-Senat freigehalten, Sumner selbst in Absentia in Massachusetts wieder in den Senat gewählt. Der Sumner-Brooks Vorfall war eines der her­ausragenden Ereignisse der 1850er Jahre, er rief Stürme der Entrüstung im Norden hervor und wurde insb. von den Abolitionisten als Beweis für die Barbarei im Süden angesehen. Im Süden selbst erhielt Brooks dagegen Beifall (Randall, a.a.O., S. 140; Curtis: 24th Michigan, a.a.O., S. 15).

 

 

Brooks, Ulysses Robert:

CS-Pvt; Co. B, 6th Regiment South Carolina Cavalry (Aiken's Partisan Rangers) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M381 Roll 4); dagegen gibt Priest (vgl. Priest: Battle of South Mountain, a.a.o., S. 405 Literaturverzeichnis) an, Brooks sei Angehöriger der 1st N.C. Cav. gewesen.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brooks, U. R. (6th S. Carolina Cavalry): "Butler and his Cavalry, 1861-1865 (Jim Fox Books; Reprint of 1911 title) 594 pp; covers Butler in Hampton Legion, 2nd Cavalry and "Butler's Brigade" of the 4th, 5th and 6th S. Carolina Cavalry. Covers campaigns of 1864 and Carolinas Campaign of 1865; Bibliothek Ref ameridownload Brooks (Butler and his Cavalry)

- Brooks, Ulysses Robert: Stories of the Confederacy (The State Co., Columbia, S.C., 1912). The book contains auch: Rea, D.: Sketches From Hampton's Cavalry in the Summer, Fall and Winter Campaigns of '62 including Stuart's Raid into Pennsylvania ans Also in Burnside's Rear (Strother and Co., Raleigh, 1863); Bibliothek Ref ameridownload Brooks (Stories)

 

 

Brooks, William H.:

CS-Major (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 335), nach a.A. dagegen Col (vgl. Evans: Confederate Military History; vol X: Louisiana and Arkansas, a.a.O., S. 70); 1st Arkansas Cavalry Battalion. Im Frühjahr 1862 während der Pea Ridge Campaign gehörte das 1st Arkansas Cavalry Battalion zu BrigGen James M. *McIntosh's Cavalry Brigade in Benjamin *McCulloch's Division, Van Dorn's Army of the West (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 335). Am 23.2.1862 stand Brooks mit dem 1st Arkansas Cavalry Battalion auf Vorposten bei *Fayetteville/Arkansas und wurde von US-Truppen unter Gen. *Asboth (4th Missouri Cavalry, 5th Miss­ouri Cavalry und 1st Missouri Flying Battery) aus Richtung *Bentonville / Arkansas (Curtis' Pea Ridge Campaign) angegriffen (vgl. Evans: Confederate Military History; vol X: Louisiana and Arkansas, a.a.O., S. 70).

 

 

Brooks, William Thomas Harbaugh:

US-BrigGen; 28.1.1821 New Lisbon/Ohio - † 19.7.1870 Huntsville/Alabama

 

Ab Juni 1863 Militärkommandeur des neu geschaffenen US-Militärbezirks der *Militia in Pennsylvania, des *Depart­ment of the Mo­nongahela, mit Hauptquartier in Pittsburg (vgl. Coddington. The Gettysburg Campaign, a.a.O., S. 134).

 

Brooks was born in New Lisbon (now Lisbon), Ohio, and was educated in public schools. He graduated from the United States Military Academy, ranking 46th out of 52 students in the Class of 1841. Appointed a second lieutenant, he served on garrison and frontier duty. Brooks saw combat in both the Seminole and Mexican-American Wars. He participated in the battles of Battle of Palo Alto and the Battle of Resaca de la Palma in 1846. He saw considerable action in the Battle of Monterrey, and received a brevet to captain for "gallant and meritorious conduct." The following year, Brooks was at the Siege of Vera Cruz, the Battle of Cerro Gordo, the Skirmish of Ocalaca, the Battle of Contreras, and Battle of Churubusco. He was received a brevet promotion to major, August 20, 1847, for gallant and meritorious conduct at Contreras and Churubusco. He served on the staff of Gen. David E. Twiggs for the rest of the war. He was promoted to Captain, 3rd Infantry, November 10, 1851, then served on frontier duty in the New Mexico Territory until 1858, at times skirmishing with local Navajos. He then served at Fort Clark, Texas, until 1861, when he returned to the East for garrison duty at Fort Hamilton, New York, where he was stationed when the Southern states seceded (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_T._H._Brooks).

 

With the outbreak of the Civil War, Brooks was appointed brigadier general of volunteers in September 1861. He commanded the 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division of the IV Corps in the Peninsula Campaign, and the 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division of the VI Corps at the Seven Days Battles, where he was wounded at the Battle of Savage's Station. Recovering, he resumed command of his brigade for the Maryland Campaign and led his men at Crampton's Gap, where they captured a Confederate battle flag belonging to the 16th Virginia Infantry. At the Battle of Antietam, Brooks's brigade was mainly in reserve, although under "galling fire of both artillery and sharpshooters" for 48 hours. Prom(vgl. http://en.wi­kipedia.org/wiki/William_T._H._Brooks).oted to divisional command, Brooks led the 1st Division of VI Corps at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville (vgl. http://en.wi­kipedia.org/wiki/ Wil­liam_T._H._Brooks).

 

W.T.H. Brooks, long known in the old army as „Bully“ for his ill-manndered ways, was so loud in his denunciations (gegen Burnsi­de nach dem Battle of Fredericksburg), that Burnside had him arrested for insubordination and „using language tending to demoralize his command“ (vgl. Sears: Controversies and Commanders, a.a.O., S. 150; vgl.Meade: Life and Letters, vol. I, 344; Burnside General Orders Nr. 8 (unissued) 23.1.1.1863, OS 21, 998).

 

In June 1863, he was promoted to major general of volunteers, but this was later revoked. This demotion has been blamed on Brooks's being involved in intrigues by VI Corps commanders against Maj. Gen. Ambrose Burnside after Fredericksburg (s. hierzu Sears Contraversies and Commanders, a.a.O., S. 150). During the Gettysburg Campaign, he commanded the Department of the Monongahela, with his head­quarters in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He supervised the construction of a series of earthworks to protect the city from a possible Con­federate raid. Returning to field duty in the late spring of 1864, Brooks commanded the 1st Division of XVIII Corps at Cold Harbor and Petersburg. In July 1864, he was forced to resign from the Army due to poor health and returned home (vgl. http://en.wi­kipedia.org/wiki/William_T._H._Brooks).

 

After the war, Brooks retired to Alabama and established a farm. He died in Huntsville, Alabama, and is buried there in Maple Hill Cemetery (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_T._H._Brooks).

 

Photo:

- MajGen William T. H. Brooks (vgl. http://generalsandbrevets.com/union-generals-b)

 

 

Broome, James Andrew:

27.11.1839 La Grange, Troup County/Georgia - † 7.5.1917 Troup County/Georgia (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com); Sohn von Ru­fus Broome (1783-1855) und Nancy Williams Pitts Broome (1798-1855); jüngster Bruder von John Rufus Broome und George W. Broome (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com).

 

CS-LtCol, Co. D, F, S, 14th Alabama Infantry Regiment; Broome trat als Captain in das Regiment ein (vgl. National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 6). Broome wurde am 8.7.1862 zum Major befördert (vgl. http://files.usgwarchives.net/al/chambers/ military/ civilwar/ rosters/14th infantry.txt).

 

Im Battle on Antietam war Major James A. Broome Regimentskommandeur des 14th Alabama Infantry Regiment , Pryor's Brigade, Anderson's Division, Longstreet's Right Wing, Army of Northern Virginia (vgl. National Park Soldiers, http://www.nps.gov/anti/learn/ historyculture/anv-right-wing1.htm).

 

In der Schlacht von Manassas Second / Second Bull Run, Virginia, August 28-30, 1862 hatte LtCol Broome die Führung des 4th Ala­bama Infantry Regiment, Pryor's Brigade inne (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Bull_Run_Confederate_order_of_battle).

 

Im Battle of Gettysburg Juli 1863 übernahm LtCol Broome, nach der Verwundung des Regimentskommandeurs Col. L. Pinckard, die Führung des 14th Alabama Infantry Regiments (vgl. http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/gettysburg; vgl. auch Longstreet: From Ma­nassas to Appomattox, a.a.O., S. 370).

 

Im Battle of Wilderness 5.-7.5.1864 wurde LtCol Broome schwer verwundet und verlor ein Bein (vgl. http://www.civilwarintheeast. com/CSA/AL/14AL.php).

 

"Col. Broome was educated at Virginia Military Institute. Raised a company near Milltown, Alabama. He was elected Capt. of Com­pany D of the 14th Alabama infantry under command of Col. Thomas J. Judge. He was mustered at Auburn, Alabama in July of 1861 and in the Fall was ordered to Virginia where he served in the army of North Virginia. Capt. Broome was a gallant participant and rose to the rank of Major and then to Lt. Col. His battles include; 2nd Manassas, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg and Gettysburg. He was wounded seriously at Wilderness in 1864 when a minnie ball crushed his left knee and his leg was amputated. He returned home to Macon, GA then moved to LaGrange, GA. Broome was married twice. First to Mary G. Robinson, they had one child; second to Mary Ida Cary, they had four children. Broome was a Methodist" (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com).


Like so many other Southerners, he removed south to Brazil following Civil War, was found as proprieter of the "Government Hou­se"which was the reception center for new arrivals in Brazil. Upon return to La Grange, Georgia, James became a farmer (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Brotzmann, Edward:

US-Lt; Battery C 1st Missouri Light Artillery (Mann's Missouri Artillery); die Battery bestand aus Dutchman (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 110); in der Shiloh Campaign und im Battle of Shiloh am 6./7.4.1862 gehörte die Battery unter Führung von Lt Edward *Brotzmann zur 4th Division BrigGen Stephen A. Hurlbutt in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee. Nach Beginn der Schlacht marschierte die 4th Division BrigGen Stephen A. Hurlbutt bei Sarah Bell's Field auf, mit 1st Brigade Col Nelson G. *Williams in Front nach Sü­den und rechtwinklig aufgestellt mit Front nach Westen 3rd Brigade BrigGen Jacob C. Laumann. Mann's Missouri Battery fuhr an der Schnittstelle zwischen beiden Brigaden auf; die Battery von Captain William H. Ross (Battery B 2nd Michigan Artillery) bezog Stellung in der Front von 1st Brigade Col Nelson G. *Williams (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 192).

 

 

Brown, +++

US-Major; Assistant Adjutant-General; während des McDowell Court of Inquiry (vgl. OR Ser. I Vol 12/1 S. 44 ff) war Brown Zeuge (vgl. OR Ser. I Vol 12/1 S. 61).

 

 

Brown, A. F.:

CS-Col; Mitglied im Stab von Gen Van Dorn; Teilnahme an Van Dorn's Raid gegen Holy Springs im Dezember 1862.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Brown, A. F.: „Van Dorn‘s operations in Northern Mississippi; Recollections of a Cavalry man,“ Southern Historical Society Pa­pers, vol 6 (1878), S. 151-161

 

 

Brown, Albert Gallatin:

partikularistischer Senator aus Mississippi; 1850 beteiligt zusammen mit Jefferson Davis an den Auseinandersetzungen um den *Mis­souri Compromise (vgl. Foote: Civil War, a.a.O., Bd. 1, S. 13). Brown vertrat die Interessen der kleinen Farmer in Mississippi Südens gegen die Interessen der großen Plantagenbesitzer (vgl. Nevins: Emergence of Lincoln, vol. I, S. 8). Brown traf am 5.1.1861 zur Vor­bereitung des CS-Gründungskongresses vom Februar 1861 und zur Vorbereitung der Entscheidung über die Sezession mit Jefferson *Davis u.a. anderen zusammen (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 12).

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Ranck, J. B.: Albert Gallatin Brown: Radical Southern Nationalist (D. Appleton-Century, 1937)

 

 

Brown, Alexander C.:

US-Pvt; Co. H, 1st Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 13).

 

Brown geriet im September 1863 bei Chickamauga in Kriegsgefangenschaft, placed in Belle Isle and Libby Prisons in Virginia, later he endured the infamous Andersonville Prison before his release at the war's end in 1865 (vgl. Potter: Sultana Tragedy, a.a.O., S. 9-10).

 

 

Brown, Alonzo L.:

US-Corporal; Co. B, 4th Regiment Minnesota Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M546 Roll 1).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brown, Alonzo L: History of the Fourth Regiment of Minnesota Infantry Volunteers during the Great Rebellion, 1861-1865 (St. Paul, 1892) (Archiv Ref download Minnesota 4th Infantry)

 

 

Brown, Baylis E.:

CS-Captain; Co. B, 4th Regiment Alabama Infantry; Brown mustered in as Sergeant (vgl. National Park Soldiers M374 Roll 6); auch Bayless C. Brown; † 5.-7.1864 im Battle of Wilderness (vgl. http://civilwarintheeast.com/confederate-regiments/alabama/4th-alabama-infantry, Abruf vom 26.8.2016).

 

 

Brown, Benjamin Gratz:

US-Col, 1826-85; gründete 1852 zusammen mit Francis P. Blair den St. Louis "Democrat" (vgl. Snead; in B&L I S. 263), eine radikal für die Sklavenbefreiung eintretende Zeitung (vgl. Foner: Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 41); im Juni 1861 Col. 4th Regiment Missouri Home Guards (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 83) unter *Sweeney bei Rolla, Mo. in Südwest Missouri zum Schutz der Paci­fic Railroad eingesetzt (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 83; Karte bei Brooksher, a.a.O., S. 84). Im August 1861 kommandier­te Brown die Missouri-Truppen im Bereich Ironton, Mo. (Grant, Memoirs, a.a.O., S. 135-36; Catton: Grant moves South, a.a.O., S. 19); Grant löst mit seinen Truppen die Home Guards von Brown auf (vgl. Catton: Grant moves South, a.a.O., S. 19); im November 1863 wurde Brown bei den Wahlen in Missouri zum US-Senator gewählt (vgl. Basler: Collected Works of Lincoln, vol. VII, a.a.O., S. 13: Brief Lincoln's an Jameson vom 13.11.1863). Später Governor von Missouri; 1872 Vizepräsidentschaftskandidat der Liberal Republi­can and Democratic Parties; unterlag gegen Grant bei dessen zweiter Wahl zum Präsidenten.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Peterson, Norma L.: Freedom and Franchise: The Political Career of B. Gratz Brown (Columbia, Mo., 1965)

 

 

Brown, Benson:

US-Captain; Co. C 9th New Jersey Infantry Regiment

 

Photo:

Captain Benson Brown, ca. 1863, VMI Archive Lexington

 

 

Brown, Campbell George:

CS-Col (vgl. Tanner: Stonewall in the Valley, a.a.O., S. 38, 499 Anm. 49); Sohn der Lizinska Campbell *Ewell, der Ehefrau von Lt­Gen Richard S. *Ewell, aus deren erster Ehe mit Percy Brown (vgl. Genealogie bei Pfanz: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 506-507); Stabschef Ewell's im Sommer 1862 im Stab von MajGen Richard Ewell; im Battle of Cedar Mountain kritisierte Brown den Einsatz der Artille­rie durch Stapleton *Crutchfield, Jackson's Chief of Artillery (vgl. Krick, Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 52).

 

Literatur

- **Brown, Campbell G.: Manuscript note, Brown-Ewell Papers, Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville / Tennessee

- **Brown, Campbell G.: Memoir, Brown-Ewell Papers, Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville / Tennessee

- **Brown, Campbell: Journal; Copy in Brak Collection USMHI

- **Polk, Ewell, Brown Papers: Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina

 

 

Brown, Clarence:

US-Major, Aide de Camps von Gen. McDowell; während des McDowell Court of Inquiry (vgl. OR Ser. I Vol 12/1 S. 44 ff) war Brown Zeuge (vgl. OR Ser. I Vol 12/1 S. 60, 75).

 

 

Brown, Daniel:

CS-+++, aus North Carolina +++klären+++

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Brown, Daniel: Letter to Wife 10.5.1863, in: Brown, Isaac: Papers. North Carolina Division of Archives and History

 

 

Brown, Edmund Randolph:

US-Corporal; Co. C, 27th Regiment Indiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 9).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brown, Edmund Randolph: The Twenty-seventh Indiana Volunteer Infantry in the War (Monticello, Inc., 1899)

 

 

Brown, Edward Norphlet:

CS-Pvt (?); 45th Regiment Alabama Infantry (vgl. Noe: Perryville, a.a.O., S. 338

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Brown, Edward Norphlet (Pvt. 45th Alabama Infantry): Letters; Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery/ Alabama

 

 

Brown, Edwin:

US-Pvt; 81st Ohio Infantry (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 388)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Brown, Edwin: Diary 1864 (US-Army Military History Research Collection, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania)

 

 

Brown, Egbert B.:

-++General;

 

 

Brown, Ephraim E.:

US-Sergeant; Co. B&C, 64th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 16).

 

Im Battle of Antietam eroberte Brown an der Bloody Lane eine CS-Battle Flag (vgl. McPherson: Crossroads of Freedom. Antietam, a.a.O., S. 4). Brown beschreibt die Situation nach der Schlacht in seinem 19.9.1862: „Today I was given detaile to burry [sic.] the Dead Rebels, just where I captured the flag at 2:00 of the 17th. 12 length of fence being counted off for my station & and in 10 rods [55 yards] we have piled and burried 264 … & 4 Detailes has been obliged to do likewise, it was a Sight I never want to encounter again“ (zitiert bei McPherson: Crossroads of Freedom. Antietam, a.a.O., S. 4).

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Brown, Ephraim E.: 64th New York file Antietam National Battlefield

 

 

Brown, George Campbell:

CS-Col; Mitglied im Stab von Ewell's Brigade ab Juli 1861 (vgl. Pfanz: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 131-33); First Lt und aide-de-camp Ewell's (vgl. Pfanz: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 134); ab +++ Stabschef *Ewell's (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 32, 52; Pfanz: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 357); wurde durch die Heirat seiner Mutter Lizinska Campbell Brown (s. Lizinska Campbell *Ewell) mit MajGen Ewell (vgl. Pfanz: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 275) der spätere Stiefsohn des Generals (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 32, 61).

 

Photo:

- Pfanz: Ewell, a.a.O., S. 133

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brown, George Campbell: Memoir; in: Brown/Ewell Papers: Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville / Tennessee

- Brown, George Campbell: "Personal Narrative"; May-August 1885 Folder; Box 3, Hunt Papers, Library of Congress, Washington / D.C.

- **Jones, Terry L. [ed.]: Campbell Browns Civil War. With Ewell and the Army of Northern Virginia (Louisiana State University Press, 2001)

 

 

Brown, George H.:

US-Captain; 22nd Wisconsin Infantry; Brown unterzeichnete am 11.7.1863 den Antrag auf Einleitung eines Kriegsgerichtsverfahrens gegen Regimentskommandeur Col Utley (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 128).

 

 

Brown, George W.:

Bürgermeister von Baltimore; er war Bürgermeister z. Zt. der Baltimore Riots von 1861 (vgl. Burlingame/Ettlinger: Inside Lincoln's White House. The Complete Civil War Diary of John Hay, a.a.O., S. 3). Brown wurde am 21.9.1861 wegen Illoyaltität und Unterstüt­zung des Südens verhaftet (vgl. Burlingame/Ettlinger: Inside Lincoln's White House. The Complete Civil War Diary of John Hay, a.a.O., S. 271 Anm. 9).

 

 

Brown, H. A.:

CS-LtCol; 1863 Regimentskommandeur 1st North Carolina Infantry / Brigade George H. Steuart / Division MajGen Edward Johnson / II. Army Corps Ewell / Lee's Army of Northern Virginia (vgl. Pfanz: Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 460)

 

 

Brown, Daniel:

CS-+++, aus North Carolina +++klären+++

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Brown, Daniel: Letter to Wife 10.5.1863, in: Brown, Isaac: Papers. North Carolina Division of Archives and History

 

 

Brown, Elon Francis:

US- +++klären+++ Iron Brigade (vgl. Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 23 iVm. S. 224n23)

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Brown, Elon Francis (Iron Brigade): Papers. State Historical Society of Wisconsin

 

 

Brown, J.:

CS-Pvt (?); Co. ?, 10th Regiment Georgia Infantry; † Richmond; beerd. im Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond/VA (vgl. www. findagra­ve.com).

 

 

Brown, J.:

CS-Pvt (?); Co. A, 6th Regiment Alabama Infantry; † Virginia; beerd. im Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond/VA (vgl. www. findagrave. Com).

 

 

Brown, James:

CS-Pvt (?); Co. B, 12th Regiment Mississippi Infantry; † Richmond City; beerd. im Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond/VA Plot: Sec. B, Row J, Grave 41 (vgl. www. findagrave.com). Anm.: ein James Brown ist allerdings im Roster des 12th Regiment Mississippi Infan­try nicht aufgeführt.

 

 

Brown, James H.:

CS-Captain; Co F 4th Alabama Infantry; verwundet im Battle of the Wilderness

 

 

Brown, J. E.:

CS-Pvt (?); ? Regiment Tennessee Infantry; † Richmond; beerd. im Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond/VA Plot: Sec. D, Row 34, Grave 8 (vgl. www. findagrave.com).

 

 

Brown, J. F.:

CS-Pvt; Co. F, 15th Regiment South Carolina Infantry; † 5.7.1864; beerd. im Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond/VA (vgl. www. fin­dagrave.com).

 

 

Brown, J. L:

CS-Pvt (?); Co. C, 25th Regiment Georgia Infantry; † Richmond; beerd. im Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond/VA (vgl. www. findagra­ve. com).

 

 

Brown, J. R:

CS-Pvt (?); Co. E, 30th Regiment North Carolina Infantry; † Richmond; beerd. im Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond/VA (vgl. www. findagrave.com).

 

 

Brown, J. Thomas:

CS-Sergeant, Co. E, 2nd Regiment Virginia Cavalry; er trat als Sergeant in die Co. E ein, später als Private genannt (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 7).

 

 

Brown, J. Thomas:

CS-Pvt (err.); Surry Light Artillery (Hankin's Company, Virginia Light Artillery; er wurde im August 1862 ausgemustert, da er ein Alter von mehr als 35 Jahren erreicht hatte (vgl. Jones: Under the Stars and Bars: Surry Light Artillery of Virginia, a.a.O., S. 50); Brown trat später wieder in CS-Army ein und wurde in der S.L.A. re-enlisted; er diente bis zu seinem Tod; er starb im Small-Pox Hospital in Richmond im Spätsommer 1864; er wurde beerdigt im Oakwood Confederate Cemetery, Richmond (vgl. Jones: Under the Stars and Bars: Surry Light Artillery of Virginia, a.a.O., S. 52).

 

 

Brown, J. Thompson:

CS-Junior 1stLt; Co. D, Nelson's Battalion Confederate Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M818 Roll 4), auch Captain Parker's Company Virginia Light Artillery

 

 

Brown, J. Willard:

US-Sergeant; Signal Corps (Regular Army) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M233 Roll 29).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Brown, J. Willard: The Signal Corps U.S.A. in the War of the Rebellion (U.S. Veteran Signal Corps Association: Boston, 1896)

 

 

Brown, Jesse:

CS-Pvt, Co. B, 37th Regiment North Carolina Infantry; Enlisted: Pvt., Co. B, 37th North Carolina Infantry. When: Sept. 14, 1861. Where: Boone, Watauqa, Co., N.C.. Company Muster Rolls: Jan. to April 1862 present. Remarks: Reenlisted for 2 additional years. June 1862 Remarks: Died at Richmond 15 July 1862 from wounds received at Gaines Mille June 27, 1862. Description: Where born: Watauqa Co., N.C.. Age 22 years, occupation Farmer, height 5 feet, 10 inches high. 

 

1839 Watauga County/NC - † 15.7.1862 Richmond an den Folgen einer schweren Verwundung erlitten im Battle of Gaines Mill am 27.6.1862; beerd. Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond/VA (vgl. www. findagrave.com).

 

 

Brown, Joel W.:

CS-Pvt; Co. K, 26th Regiment Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 7); † Richmond/VA; beerd. Oakwood Ceme­tery, Richmond/VA (vgl. www. findagrave.com).

 

 

Brown, John:

CS-Pvt; Co. K, 37th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 5); Enlisted Co. K, 37th NC Inf.; Born in Wilkes Co., Res. of Alleghany Co., where he enlisted on 9/15/61, age 25. † 9.6.1862 in camp near Richmond, VA on 6/9/62; Believed to be buried Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond/VA. Believed to be buried in unmarked grave. He is not on the list of known CSA soldiers buried there (vgl. www. findagrave.com).

 

 

Brown, John sen.:

s. auch *Pottawatomie Massacre

 

religiöser Fanatiker John Brown (aus Torrington/CT), Landspekulant und militanter Abolitionist [von »to abolish« = abschaffen], Verrückter für die einen, Heiliger für andere; Brown war vor Ausbruch des Krieges ab Mitte der 50er Jahre im Kansas Territory als Abolitionist tätig und führte im Dezember 1858 einen Raid als Rachefeldzug nach Missouri aus (vgl. Castel, Quantrill, a.a.O., S. 11-21; Randall: The Civil War and Reconstructions, a.a.O., S. 139; Brooksher, Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 17 ff).

 

Zwischen 1855 und 1861 kam es wiederholt zu blutigen, kriegsähnlichen Auseinandersetzungen zwischen Abolitionisten (darunter John Brown) und den Befürwortern der Sklavenhaltung, die die sog. Border Ruffians bildeten und vor Mord und Totschlag nicht zu­rückschreckten (vgl. McPherson: Für die Freiheit, a.a.O., Kap. 5 S. 134 ff; Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother, a.a.O., S. 72 f.). 1856 kam hierbei u.a. zum sog. *Wakarusa War (vgl. Randall: Civil War and Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 137; Robinson, Charles: The Kansas Conflict, New York 1892; Robinson, Sara: "The Wakarusa War", Kansas Historical Review, X [1907-08], S. 457-71; Williams, a.a.O., S. 39 ff) und zur Buford Expedition (vgl. Randall: Civil War and Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 136; Fleming, Walter J.: "The Buford Expedition to Kansas," Am. Hist. Rev. VI, 38-48 [Oct., 1900]).

 

Brown besetzte am 16.10.1859 mit 21 Helfern das Bundesarsenal in *Harpers Ferry, dessen rund 100 000 Waffen einen Sklavenauf­stand bewaffnen sol­len. Heimwehren drängen Brown ins Feuerwehrhaus ab (in Zukunft: John Brown’s Fort). 36 Stunden nach dem Handstreich fällt Brown Marineinfanteristen und Miliz unter Oberst Robert E. Lee und Lt. James E. B. Stuart in die Hand. John Brown, dem Ankläger Mord, Verrat und Aufruf zur Rebellion vorwerfen, wird in Charles Town/WV gehenkt (2.12.). Zum Schutz der Hinrichtung sind 2 000 Soldaten und die Kadetten des Virginia Military Institut aus dem nahegelegenen Staunton aufgeboten, dar­unter ein gewisser John W. Booth von den „Richmond Grays“. Im Norden läuten die Kirchenglocken, der Süden sieht sich in seiner Ab­neigung gegenüber den Yanks bestärkt (Längin, S. 30). Photo bei Längin S. 30;

 

John *Brown plante einen Teil seiner Attacke auf Harper's Ferry im Spätsommer 1859 in Chambersburg (Karte zu den Aktionen von John Brown im Spätsommer/Frühherbst 1859 in der Region Chambersburg, vgl. Chambersburg, Chambers of Commerce, "Southern Revenge," a.a.O., S. 13).

 

Brown überfiel am 16.10.1859 an der Spitze von 18 Bewaffneten zur Nachtzeit die virginische Stadt Harper's Ferry, bemächtigte sich des dort gelegenen Bundesarsenal und kündigte an, daß er auf eigene Faust die Sklaven in Virginia befreien wollte. Er entsandte Pa­trouillen, ließ eine Anzahl von Plantagenbesitzer in Virginia als Geiseln einbringen und wartete auf die Sklaven, welche wie e meinte, ihm massenhaft zulaufen würden und die dann mit den Waffen des Arsenals ausgerüstet werden sollten. Aber die Sklaven ka­men nicht. Eine Kompanie Bundestruppen, die unter dem Befehl von Major Robert E. Lee stand, stürmte das Arsenal, wobei fast die Hälf­te der Begleiter Brown's fiel, fast sämtlich Verwandte ihres Anführers (vgl. Kaufmann: Die Deutschen im amerikanischen Bürger­krieg, a.a.O., S. 45).

 

Brown wurde zum Tode verurteilt und am 2.12.1859 gehängt (vgl. Kaufmann: Die Deutschen im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 46).

 

Lied: „John Brown's Body lays amouldring in the grave ....“ John Brown wurde im Norden als Märtyrer, im Süden als Mörder einge­stuft. Der Text des Liedes wurde im Frühling 1861 vom Mitgliedern des Daniel Webster Regiment of Massachusetts gedichtet, und mit der Melodie des Kirchenliedes „Glory, Glory, Halleluja“ verbunden.

 

Im Süden wurden die Folgen der Sklavenbefreiung iSv Brown's in der klassischen Propagandalüge als "a plot involving the indiscri­minate rape of innocent women, their subsequent murder, and the murder of all children" angesehen, während doch die Sklaven "were happy and contended with their lot" waren (vgl. Blackford, W. W.: War Years with Jeb Stuart, a.a.O., S. 12).

 

Karte:

- Karte zu den Aktionen von John Brown im Spätsommer/Frühherbst 1859 in der Region Chambersburg bei: Chambersburg Cham­bers of Commerce, "Southern Revenge," a.a.O., S. 13)

 

Photos:

- Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother, a.a.O., S. 73

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

the extensive bibliography on Brown has been enhanced by Stephen Oates's „To Purge Land this Land with Blood: A Biography of John Brown“ (New York: Harper and Row, 1970) (vgl. Baker: Politics of Continuity, a.a.O., S. 25n26).

 

- Boyer, Richard O.: The Legend of John Brown (New York: Knopf, 1973)

- Castel, Albert: Quantrill, a.a.O., Prologue, S. 11-21

- Chambersburg Chambers of Commerce, "Southern Revenge," a.a.O., S. 11 ff. mit Karte über Brown's Aktionen 1959 S. 13

- Davis, William C.: Brother against Brother, a.a.O., S. 70 ff.

- Douglas, Henry Kyd: I rode with Stonewall. The War Experiences of the Youngest Member of Jackson's Staff (University of North Carolina Press: Chapel Hill, 1940, 1968); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik69f, S. 1 ff (Douglas, der aus Shepherdstown, Va. stammte, kannte John Brown, da dieser in der Zeit vor dem Überfall auf Harper's Ferry als 'Isaac Smith' in der Nachbarschaft von Douglas' El­tern wohnte)

- Jackson, Mary Anna: Life and Letters of General Thomas J. Jackson (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1892); S. 130-32 (über die Hinrichtung von John Brown)

- Lee, Robert E.: "Report of Colonel Robert E. Lee, Report of the Select Committee of the Senate appointed to inquire into the Late Invasion and Seizure of the Public Property at Harper's Ferry" (Senate Com. Report No. 279, 1. Sess., 36th Congress, Washington, D.C., 1866), S. 40-43

- Leech, Samuel V.: The Raid of John Brown at Harper's Ferry (Washington, D.C.: De Soto Press, 1909)

- Malin, James C.: John Brown and the Legend if Fifty-Six, Philadelphia, 1942

- McClure, Alexander K.: Col. A. K. McClure - Recollections of half a Century; Salem Press, Salem 1902; (Anm. Col. Alexander McClure lebte in Chambersburg; Newspaper Editor, state legislator and vehement opposer of the slavery; vgl. Chambersburg Cham­bers of Commerce: "Southern Revenge. Civil War History of Chambersburg, Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik74 S. 6); McClure begegnete Brown im Spätsommer 1859 fast täglich (a.a.O., S. 16)

- Nevins, Allan: The Emergence of Lincoln, a.a.O., Bd. 2, S. 5 ff.

- McClellan, Henry B.: I rode with Jeb Stuart. The Life and Campaigns of Major General J.E.B. Stuart (Reprint; Richmond 1885); Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik109, S. 28 ff. (enthält einen persönlichen Bericht von Stuart)

- **Oates, Stephen B.: To Purge this Land with Blood: A Biography of John Brown (New York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1970)

- Randall: Civil War and Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 138 ff, 170 ff

- Villard, Oswald Garrison: John Brown, 1800-1859, Boston 1910

 

 

Brown, John jr.:

US-Captain; Sohn von John *Brown sen., war aber nicht an dessen Handlungen in Kansas beteiligt und zog noch vor Brown's Über­fall auf Harper's Ferry von Kansas nach Ashtabula County / Ohio; 1861 stellte Brown in Ohio eine Freiwilligenkompanie auf, die später in Co. C 7th Kansas Cavalry (Jennison's Jayhawkers) aufging. 1862 Captain Co. 7th Kansas Cavalry Starr, Jennison's Jay­hawkers, a.a.O., S. 15-17). Aus gesundheitlichen Gründen wegen starkem Rheumatismus mußte Brown am 27.5.1862 zurücktreten (vgl. Starr, Jennison's Jayhawkers, a.a.O., S. 19).

 

 

Brown, John C.:

CS- Pvt (?); Co. H, 14th Regiment Alabama Infantry; † 11.3.1862; beerd. im Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond/VA (vgl. www. fin­dagrave.com).

 

 

Brown, John C.:

-++General;

 

 

Brown, John H.:

US-Captain, Co. D, 12th Regiment Kentucky Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M386 Roll 4).

 

Born in 1834, he earned the Medal of Honor during the Civil War while serving in Company D, 12th Kentucky Volunteer Infantry, at Franklin, Tennessee, on November 30, 1864. The Medal was issued on February 13, 1865.

 

 

Brown, John H.:

CS-Major; Mitglied im Stab von Gen Benjamin McCulloch. Brown war ein Freund von McCulloch, war einer der letzten die Mc­Culloch, vor dessen Tod während einer Aufklärung bei Beginn der Schlacht von Pea Ridge lebend gesehen haben (vgl. Shea / Hess, Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 110).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brown, John H.: Letter, Houston Weekly Telegraph, August 11, 1862 (zum Tod von Benjamin McCulloch)

 

 

Brown, John J. Thompson:

CS-Sergeant; Co. E, 2nd Regiment Virginia Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 7).

 

 

Brown, John M. C.:

CS-Pvt; Co. I, 14th Regiment South Carolina Infantry (vgl. www. findagrave.com).

 

John M. C. Brown was a son of John W. and Phoebe B. S. Anthony Brown. The family was living in Lisbon, GA, where he was born, before moving across the Savannah River to Abbeville County, SC. John M. C. Brown was living here when he joined Company I of the 14th SC Regiment of Volunteers, Infantry Division. This was entered in his father's diary in 1861: "John M. C. Brown left home on Monday, 2 September, 1861, and went to Abbeville Courthouse, stayed all night for the war in Cpt. H. H. Harper's McCalla's Rifles. Tuesday, September 3 - The above John M. C. Brown left Abbeville Courthouse at 1/2 past 6 o'clock for the Aiken Camp­ground." He died of typhoid fever at Richmond,VA in Chimborazo Hospital on Thursday, July 17, 1862, and was buried at Oakwood Cemetery. This is the information I was given from the Records Office at the Cemetery: J. M. Brown, Company I, 14th S.C., buried at Oakwood Cemetery in Division C, Row R, grave #46.He had one other brother who died in the Civil War, Pvt. M. S. Brown, Co. I, 1st SC Infantry, who is buried in Charleston, SC. Their younger brother was George W. Brown, who was, too young to enlist in the war (vgl. www. findagrave.com).

 

23.5.1839 Lisbon, Lisbon County/Georgia - † 17.7.1862 Church Hill, Richmond City/VA; beerd. im Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond/ VA (vgl. www. findagrave.com).

 

 

Brown, John T.:

CS-Pvt; Co. ?, 4th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M377 Roll 2); auch als 'John F. Brown' genannt

 

 

Brown, John T.:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 36th Regiment Texas Cavalry (Woods') (vgl. National Park Soldiers M227 Roll 5)

 

 

Brown, John T.:

CS-Pvt; Co. D, 11th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (Woods') (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 7)

 

 

Brown, John T.:

CS-Pvt; Co. B, 18th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 7)

 

 

Brown, John Thompson:

CS-Col; Co. F&S, 1st Regiment Virginia Artillery; Brown war zunächst Captain Co. K (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 7).

 

Im Battle of Shepherdstown am 19.9.1862 setzte der Commander der Artillery von Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, William N. *Pendleton der Army, Brown's Artillery Battalion (unter Col. John Thompson *Brown) ein, „to guard the fords at Williamsport and Falling Water“ (vgl. Carmichael, Peter S.: „We Don't Know What on Earth to Do with Him“; in: Gallagher: Antietam Campaign, a.a.O., S. 264).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brown, J. Thompson: „The Sharpsburg Fight“; in: Richmond Times, 21.4.1895

 

 

Brown, Joseph Emerson:

CS-Governor von Georgia; 1821-95; Studium der Rechte in Yale; anschließend Abgeordneter im Georgia-Parlament; Richter am Superior Court; Wahl zum Governor 1857, Wiederwahl 1859, 1861 und 1863 (vgl. (Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 91). enter auf; unter seiner persönli­chen Führung wurde das Arsenal von Augusta besetzt (vgl. (Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 91). Zusammen mit Robert *Toombs und Alexander Stephens opponierte er gegen die Regierung Davis' und dessen Art der Kriegsführung (vgl. (Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 91). Brown war ein en­gagierter Vertreter der State Rights und geriet hierdurch immer wieder in Widerspruch zur CS Regierung in Richmond (vgl. Randall: Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 352-53). Er protestierte wiederholt gegen die Rekrutierungspolitik der Regierung, die er in Georgia für un­nötig hielt, plädierte für eine eigene Georgia Armee (vgl. Randall: Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 355) und zog nach dem Fall von Atlanta die Georgia Mi­litia aus dem Kommando von General Hood zurück (vgl. Brief von Brown an Hood v. 10.9.1864; abgedruckt bei Sherman: Memoirs, Bd. 2 S. 138/39). Er trat offen gegen die Aussetzung der Habeas Corpus Rule durch das Kriegs-Ermächtigungsgesetz Richmonds auf (vgl. Randall: Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 355-56). Nach der Niederlage riet er zur Unterwerfung unter das Reconstruction-Programm (vgl. Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 91).

 

Brown wechselte wiederholt die politische Richtung vom Sezessionisten zum Radical Republican und zurück zum etablierten Demo­cratic of the South und machte hierdurch eine einzigartige politische Karriere (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 91). In der Nachkriegszeit wur­de er 1868 Chief Justice des State Supreme Court von Georgia. Er trat 1870 zurück, engagierte sich bei der Eisenbahn und wurde 1880 in den US-Senat gewählt (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 91).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Brown, Joseph E. (Governor of Georgia): The Mountain Campaigns in Georgia (Jim Fox Books: Reprint of 1887); Paperback issued and signed when Brown was President of Western and Atlantic Railroad and War-time Governor; describes marches, battles and campaigns of Union and Confederate forces; maps and engravings

- **Brown, Joseph E.: Papers. Typescripts in University of Georgia, Athens

- **Brown, Joseph E.: and Elizabeth G. Brown: Brown Collection; University of Georgia, Athens

 

 

Brown, Joseph Newton:

CS-Col; 14th South Carolina Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brown, Varina Davis: A Colonel at Gettysburg and Spotsylvania: The Life of Colonel Joseph Newton Brown (14th South Carolina Volunteers) (Butternut and Blue; Reprint of 1931 Original); Photos, Index, Maps (including fold-out)

 

 

Brown, Joseph Williard:

+++-Lt; Brown served as a Private, Sergeant and Lieutenant in the Signal Corps

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brown, Joseph Williard: The Signal Corps in the War of the Rebellion (Reprint of Scarce 1896; Butternut and Blue); 916 pp; over 40 Maps; over 600 Photos; Roster; includes data on Confederate Signal Corps. Brown served as a Private, Sergeant and Lieutenant in the Signal Corps

 

 

Brown, Kellog Spencer:

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brown, Spencer Kellogg: Spencer Kellog Brown, His Life in Kansas and his Death as a Spy, 1842-1863, As Disclosed by his Diary (Appleton, NY 1903); 1st Edition; Edited by George G. Smith

 

 

Brown, Morris:

US-Captain; Co. A, 126th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park SoldiersM551 Roll 17); , aus New York (vgl. Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettys­burg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 23 iVm. S. 225n43). Bruder von Smith Brown (vgl. Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Bo­ritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 23).

 

Brown was posthumously awarded on 6.36.1869 with the Medal of Honor for capturing the 14th North Carolina's flag in the Battle of Gettysburg (vgl. Glatthaar: The Common Soldiers Gettysburg Campaign, in: Boritt: The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, a.a.O., S. 23 iVm. S. 225n43).

 

August 1842 - † gef. 22.6.1864 Petersburg/VA (vgl. wikipedia: Stichword Morris Brown, Jr., Abruf v. 21.2.2017).

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brown, Morris (Captain, 126th New York Infantry): Papers. Hamilton College, Clinton/New York

 

 

Brown, Nathaniel:

US-Corporal; 133rd Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 90, 93, 109 Anm. 20)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brown, Nathaniel: Letter vom 23.12.1862 (Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park Library, Fredericksburg, VA., 133rd Pennsylvania file)

 

 

Brown, Philip F.:

CS-Pvt; Co. C, 12th Regiment Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 7).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brown, Philip F. (Co. C, 12th Va.): Reminiscenses of the War 1861-1865 (privately printed, 1912)

 

 

Brown, Philipp Perry, Jr.:

US-BrigGen; Col 157th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. Hamlin: Battle of Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 40).

 

Born in Smithfield, New York, he graduated from Madison University in 1855 and later become the principal of the Academy of New York University. With the outbreak of the Civil War, he joined the Union Army and was appointed Colonel in command of the 157th New York Volunteer Infantry. He commanded his corps in many conflicts including the Battle of Gettysburg, where he was wounded. By the end of the war, he was Colonel in command of the 7th US Veteran Volunteers and for gallant, meritorious services, he was brevetted Brigadier General of U.S. Volunteers on March 13, 1865. After the war, he operated a bakery business in St. Louis, Missou­ri, until his death at age 57 (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

8.10.1823 Smithfield, New York - † 9.4.1881; beerd. Bellefontaine Cemetery, Saint Louis /MO (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

Col Philipp P. Brown 1865 (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Brown, Ridgely:

CS-Major; Captain Co. A Maryland Cavalry (vgl. Swank: Courier, a.a.O., S. 26). 1863 Maj 1st Maryland Cavalry Battalion (vgl. Longacre, The Cavalry at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 17).

 

1863 gehörte die Einheit unter Maj Harry *Gilmore zu Fitzhugh Lee's Cavalry Brigade; Stuart's Cavalry Division; Stellvertreter war, nachdem Munford die Brigadeführung übernahm LtCol James H. Watts (vgl. Longacre, The Cavalry at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 17).

 

 

Brown, Washington:

US-Captain; 1836-1862; 145th Pennsylvania Infantry; gestorben nach Verwundung im Battle of Fredericksburg

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brown, Washington: Papers, 1861-63, 1869. 0.1 cu. ft. Captain of the 145th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers. Died from wounds inflicted at the Battle of Fredericksburg (December 1862). Papers include a manuscript copy of a "personal memoir" about Brown, written in 1869 by Samuel P. Bates, Pennsylvania state historian, and various pieces of correspondence to and from Brown and his fa­mily in Erie, Pennsylvania. Also includes letters to and from his father, Conrad Brown, written after Washington's death concerning the funeral recoarrangements, and a manuscript copy of his last words. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms89-011).

 

 

Brown, William D.:

CS-Captain; Batteriechef Brown's Artillery, 4th Maryland Battery (Chesapeake Artillery); Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 54, 69; Hotchkiss: Make me a Map, a.a.O., S. 306 Anm. 17; Jennings, C. Wise: The Long Arm of Lee: The History of the Artillery of the Army of Northern Virginia [New York, 1941], S. 983). Brown's Battery gehörte wäh­rend Jackson's Vorstoß gegen Pope's neuaufgestellte Army of Virginia im Juli / August 1862 und beim Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9. August 1862 zu der, von A. R. *Courtney befehligten Divisionsartillerie der Division Ewell's (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 362; Freeman, Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., vol. 2, S. 29 mit Karte S. 31; OR 12.2, S. 237-38; Early, Memoirs, a.a.O., S. 97).

 

 

Brown, William Frederick:

CS-Captain; 1797-1862; Co. F. 12th Georgia Infantry Trimble's Brigade; das Regiment war im Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 der Brigade Jubal Early unterstellt (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 56, 198). Regimentskommandeur 12th Georgia Infantry im Battle of Cedar Mountain am 9.8.1862 (vgl. Early: War Memoirs, a.a.O., S. 97; Freeman, Lee's Lieutenants, a.a.O., vol. 2, S. 30; Krick, Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 56, 57 mit Karte, 58, ). Im Battle of Cedar Mountain wurde Brown's 12th Georgia zum Schutz von Ewell's Artillery nördlich von Crittenden House links neben dem Zedernhügel im Weizenfeld eingesetzt (vgl. Freeman, a.a.O., S. 30 mit Karte).

 

1862 war Brown 65 Jahre alt (vgl. Early, a.a.O., S. 99). Brown ist gefallen im Battle of Chantilly am 1.9.1862 (vgl. Krick, a.a.O., S. 199).

 

Brown ist im Dooley County Census von 1850 S. 250 (National Archives Washington) erwähnt. Der Dooley County Census von 1860 S. 90 (National Archives Washington) führt Brown ebenfalls auf. Brown war Eigentümer einer großen Plantage in Dooley County, Georgia, die 1860 einen Wert von $ 39000 aufwies (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 199, S. 421 Anm. 61). Brown wurde geboren 1814 (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 421 Anm. 61; a.A. Early, a.a.O., S. 65, nach dem Brown 1862 65 Jahre alt war); verheiratet mit Martha Johnson, die 1860 vierzig Jahre alt war; aus der Ehe stammen 4 Söhne; zwei seiner Söhne dienten ebenfalls in Co. F. 12th Georgia Infantry (vgl. Krick: Cedar Mountain, a.a.O., S. 421 Anm. 61; nach Early, Memoirs, a.a.O., S. 99 diente nur ein Sohn als Offizier in der gleicher Kompanie wie der Vater).

 

 

Browne, Junius H.:

US-Journalist, New York Tribune (Shea / Hess, Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 345 Anm. 10) bzw. St Louis Republican (Andrews, a.a.O., S. 129); Browne nahm teil am Vorstoß von BrigGen Samuel R. *Curtis' Army of the Southwest in Missouri gegen Sterling *Price im Frühjahr 1862. Browne war Parteigänger von Franz *Sigel, seine Berichte basieren auf einer Mischung von Gerüchten und verläßli­chen Informationen und sind deshalb mit Vorsicht zu benutzen (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 345 Anm. 10).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Andrews, Cutler J.: The North reports the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 129, 133 (Missouri Campaign 1861), 133 (defends record as army re­porter), 162 (Fort Henry Campaign), 164 (privations on Fort Donelson Campaign), 244, 249 (gunboat battle of Memphis), 250 (occu­pation of Memphis), 301 (on Southern military discipline), 384 (characterizes Grant), 393-395 (captured by Confederates), 613 (pri­son experience), 613 (escapes from Salisbury prison)

- Browne, Junius H.: Four Years in Secessia: Adventures Within and Beyond the Union Lines (Hartford / Conn.: O. D. Case and Company, 1865)

- Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 345 Anm. 10

 

 

Browne, William 'Constitution':

CS-Assistent Secretary of State; Chestnut bezeichnet ihn als "Constitution Browne" (vgl. Chestnut, Diary from Dixie, a.a.O., S. 9). Während der CS-Kabinettssitzung am 19./20.2.1862 war Browne 'acting Secretary of State' (vgl. Newton: Joseph E. Johnston and the Defense of Richmond, a.a.O., S. 27).

 

 

Browne, William M.:

CS-+++Gen; ? England - † 1884; appointed Georgia; A daily newspaper editor in Washington (vgl. Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 92); an old friend of CS-President Jefferson Davis (vgl. Davis: A Government of Our Own, a.a.O., S. 127); he was Jefferson Davis's ADC as Col. Of CSA Cavalry; On 11.11.1864 Davis appointed him BrigGen CSA and sent him to Savannah/GA to command a brigade in Mercer's Division during Sherman's siege. The Senate on 18.2.1865 refused to confirm the appointment, but he was paroled as BrigGen. After the war he was a planter and publisher, engaging in Democratic politics as well as teaching history at the University of Georgia. He wrote a biography of Alexander H. Stephens (vgl. Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 92).

 

 

Browning, Orville Hickman:

1806-81; aus Quincy/Ill: US-Senator für Illinois 1861-63; persönlicher Freund Lincoln's (vgl. Burlingame/Ettlinger: Inside Lincoln's White House. The Complete Civil War Diary of John Hay, a.a.O., S. 280 Anm. 72).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Pease, Theodore Calvin and Randall, James G. (ed.): The Diary of Orville H. Browning (2 Vols, Springfield: Illinois State Historical Library, 1925, 1933)

 

 

Brownlee, French:

US-+++; 36th Illinois Infantry (vgl. Shea / Hess, Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 353 Anm. 35)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- French Brownlee and John M. Turnbull Letters, Monmouth / Illinois: Atlas, 16.5.1862 and 28.5.1862

 

 

Brownlow, James Patton:

US-Col; Col 1st Tennessee Cavalry; während Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign war Brownlow Regimentskommandeur des 1st Tennessee Cavalry Regiment in 1. Brig (Col Joseph B. *Dorr) in BrigGen Edward Moody *McCook's 1st Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Cumberland (Evans, S. 17, S. xi). Bereits mit 22 Jahren war Brownlow eine Legende. Der Sohn des berühmten Tennessee-Unionisten William G. „Parson“ *Brownlow war einer der jüngsten Colonel der US-Armee (Evans, S. 17). Brownlow besetzte am 7.7.1864 die große Insel im Chattahoochee auf Höhe von Powers Ferry (vgl. Evans, a.a.O., S. 17-18 mit Karte S. 9).

 

 

Brownlow, Parson William G.:

Brownlow stammte einer armen Familie in Virginia; er wurde im Alter von 14 Jahren Zimmermann, konvertierte zur Methodist Church, war Wanderprediger in Tennessee, Virginia und North Carolina. 1839 gab er seine Wanderprediger-Tätigkeit auf, zog nach Elizabethton, Tenn. und gründete die Zeitung 'Elizabethton Whig'. Hier machte er sich seinen ersten prominenten Feind, Landon Carter Haynes, den künftigen CS-Senator. 1840 verlegte Brownlow seine Zeitung nach Jonesborough/Tenn. und 1849 erneut, nunmehr nach Knoxville, Tenn. Ende der 1850er Jahre war Brownlow's "Whig" die einflußreichste Zeitung in East-Tennessee und eine der größ­ten im Süden der USA (vgl. Fisher: War at every Door, a.a.O., S. 12-13).

 

In den harten, teils mit der Waffe ausgetragenen Kämpfen mit seinen politischen Gegnern hatte sich Brownlow die Feindschaft der künftigen führenden CS-Politiker wie Ramsey, Lyon, Crozier, Churchwell, Sneed, Swan und Haynes zugezogen. Sein bedeutendster Gegner war jedoch Andrew *Johnson, der Führer der East Tennessee Democrats. (vgl. Fisher: War at every Door, a.a.O., S. 14).

 

Nach Ausbruch des Aufstandes in East Tennessee und der Zerstörung von mehreren wichtigen Eisenbahnbrücken, darunter der *Hol­ston River Bridge, am 8.11.1861 wurde Brownlow, unter dem Verdacht den Aufstand unterstützt zu haben, inhaftiert. Er wurde erst im Februar 1862 freigelassen und er wurde auf eigenen Wunsch an die Frontlinie bei Nashville verbracht, von wo ihm die Ausreise ins US-Gebiet gestattet wurde (vgl. Fisher: War at Every Door, a.a.O., S. 59; Brownlow: Sketches, a.a.O., S. 280-305).

 

Brownlow verkörperte den finsteren Haß auf die Rebellen und die CSA, der in East-Tennessee so verbreitet war (vgl. Foner: Recon­struction, a.a.O., S. 17).

 

Brownlow wurde im März 1865 als Nachfolger des neuen US-Vizepräsidenten Andrew *Johnson zum Governor von Tennessee ge­wählt; er sicherte sich sogleich seine neu gewonnene Machtbasis durch ein neues Wahlgesetz, das bekannte Sezessionisten vom Wahlrecht ausschloß (vgl. Foner, a.a.O., S. 44-45).

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History of the Civil War, vol I, a.a.O., S. 55

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Brownlow, William G.: Sketches of the Rise, Progress and Decline of Secession with a Narrative of Personal Adventures Among the Rebels (Applegate & Co., 1862 oder Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1862)

- **Brownlow, William G. "Parson" (ed. Stephen Ash): Secessionist and other Scoundrels: Selection from Parson Brownlow's Book (LSU Press); Edited by Stephen Ash, 144 pp, Illustrated. Ash places excerpts in context and examines the life of this East Tennessee Methodist preacher and newspaper editor, who refused to renounce his Union loyalty, and who was arrested, jailed and ultimately ba­nished to the North.

- **Coulter, E. Merton: William G. Brownlow: Fighting Parson of the Highlands (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1937)

- **Humphrey, Steve: "That D - d Brownlow," Boone, N.C.: Appalachia Consortium Press, 1978

 

 

Browning, Orville Hickman:

US-Senator aus Quincy /Illinois; der konservative Judge Browning war US-Senator ab +++1862. Browning, ein enger Freund Lin­coln's wurde nach dem überraschenden Tod von Senator Stephen A. *Douglas als dessen Nachfolger Senator für Illinois (vgl. Hoeh­ling, Damn the Torpedos, a.a.O., S. 15; Niven: Gideon Welles, a.a.O., S. 405).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Browning, Orville Hickman: The Diary of Orville Hickman Browning, ed. Theodore C. Pease and James G. Randall (2 vols, Springfield, 1925, 1933)

- Browning, Orville Hickman: "Orville Hickman Browning Transcripts" (Illinois Historical Survey, Urbana)

 

 

Bruce, Blanche Kelso:

1.3.1841 - † 17.3.1898; was a U.S. politician who represented Mississippi as a Republican in the U.S. Senate from 1875 to 1881; of mixed race, he was the first elected black senator to serve a full term.

 

Bruce was born into slavery in 1841 in Prince Edward County, Virginia near Farmville to Polly Bruce, an enslaved African-American woman who served as a domestic slave. His father was her master, Pettis Perkinson, a white Virginia planter. Bruce was treated comparatively well by his father, who educated him together with a legitimate half-brother. When Blanche Bruce was young, he played with his half-brother. His father legally freed Blanche and arranged for an apprenticeship so he could learn a trade. Bruce taught school and attended Oberlin College in Ohio for two years. He next worked as a steamboat porter on the Mississippi River. In 1864, he moved to Hannibal, Missouri, where he established a school for black children. In 1868, during Reconstruction, Bruce moved to Bolivar, Mississippi and bought a plantation. He became a wealthy landowner of several thousand acres in the Mississippi Delta. He was appointed to the positions of Tallahatchie County registrar of voters and tax assessor before winning an election for sheriff in Bolivar County. He later was elected to other county positions, including tax collector and supervisor of education, while he also edited a local newspaper. He became sergeant-at-arms for the Mississippi state senate in 1870 (vgl. wikipedia.org, Stichwort Blanche Bruce, Abruf v. 5.3.2017).

 

In February 1874, Bruce was elected by the state legislature to the Senate as a Republican, becoming the second African American to serve in the upper house of Congress. On February 14, 1879, Bruce presided over the U.S. Senate, becoming the first African American (and the only former slave) to do so. In 1880, James Z. George was elected to succeed Bruce.At the 1880 Republican National Convention in Chicago, Bruce became the first African American to win any votes for national office at a major party's nominating convention, winning 8 votes for vice president. The presidential nominee that year was James A. Garfield, who won election. In 1881, Bruce was appointed by President Garfield to be the Register of the Treasury, becoming the first African American to have his signature featured on U.S. paper currency. Bruce was appointed as the District of Columbia recorder of deeds in 1890–93, which was expected to yield fees of up to $30,000 per year. He also served on the District of Columbia Board of Trustees of Public Schools from 1892-95. He was a participant in the March 5, 1897 meeting to celebrate the memory of Frederick Douglass which founded the American Negro Academy led by Alexander Crummell. He was appointed as Register of the Treasury a second time in 1897 by President William McKinley and served until his death in 1898 (vgl. wikipedia.org, Stichwort Blanche Bruce, Abruf v. 5.3.2017).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Bruce, Blanche K.: Papers, Howard University, Washington/DC

 

 

Bruce, George A.:

US-Pvt; Co. D, 2nd Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M544 Roll 5).

 

Urkunden/Urkunden/Literatur:

- Bruce, George A. (Bvt. LtCol +++ prüfen, ob derselbe+++): „The Strategy of the Civil War,“ Papers of the Military Historical So­ciety of Massachusetts, XIII (1913), S. 393-412

- **Bruce, George Ansom: The Twentieth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 1861-1865 (1906)

 

 

Bruce, Sanders D.:

US-++++; ab 8.6.1863 Brigadekommandeur 1st Brigade Bruce / 3rd Division Robert S. Granger / Reserve Corps BrigGen Gordon *Granger / Army of the Cumberland (Welcher / Ligett: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 107).

 

 

Brueckner, Augustus C.:

US-Major, Co. A, 73rd Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry; † 30.8.1862 im Battle of 2nd Bull Run / VA (vgl. Regimental Roster 73rd Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry, S. 870). Bei Hamlin (vgl. Hamlin: Battle of Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 42) heißt es zur Geschichte des 73rd Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry: „... it had become much reduced in numbers, as it had suffered severly at second Bull Run, where it lost both Koltes [Anm.: Col. John A. *Koltes], who acted as brigade commander, and Bruenecker, who commended the regiment in that sanguinary contest“. Kaufmann (Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S.487) nennt ihn als „Oberstleutnant des 73. Pennsylvania Regiments in der Brigade Koltes“.

 

 

Bruenecker, George:

US-Pvt; 45th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 4).

 

 

Brunner, Michael:

US-Corporal; Co. C, 59th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldies M552 Roll 13 iVm Salecker: Disaster onm the Mississippi, a.a.O., S. 262).

 

Brunner geriet im September 1863 bei Chickamauga in Kriegsgefangenschaft, placed in Belle Isle and Libby Prisons in Virginia, later he endured the infamous Andersonville Prison before his releasde at the war's end in 1865 (vgl. Potter: Sultana Tragedy, a.a.O., S. 9-10)

 

 

Brunson, Thomas M.:

CS-Col (?); 40th Alabama Infantry ab März 1865; vorher Offizier im gleichen Regiment, 1864; 2nd Lieutenant Co. "C" 40th Alaba­ma Infantry; 1864 Captain (vgl. Williams: This War so Horrible, a.a.O., S. 143 Anm. 13); Williams schreibt: "Captain Brunson is as clever a man as one can find anywhere, and I do not mind soldering under him." (Williams, a.a.O., S. 27).

 

 

Brush, Charles:

US-Major-Sgt; 53rd Illinois Infantry (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 54).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Brush Family Papers, Illinois State Historical Society

 

 

Brush, Daniel H.:

US-Captain; 18th Illinois Infantry, 1st Brigade 1st Division McClernand bei der Eroberung von *Fort Donelson im Februar 1862; er führte das Regiment nach der Verwundung des Regimentskommandeurs beim Angriff auf Fort Donelsen und der Abwehr des CS-Ge­genangriffs; hierbei wurde Brush verwundet (vgl. US Grant; in: Battles and Leaders Vol. I S. 429; Wallace, Lew: The Capture of Fort Donelson; in: B&L, vol. I, a.a.O., S. 417-419). Im Battle of Shiloh am 6./7.4.1862 übernahm Captain Brush, nach dem Ausfall des Regimentskommandeurs vorübergehend die Regimentsführung, hierbei erneut verwundet (vgl. B&L, a.a.O., vol. I, S. 537)

 

 

Bryan, Goode:

CS-BrigGen; 1812-1885; aus Hambock County / Georgia; West Point 1834 (25/36); US-Infantry Offizier; trat 1835 aus der Army aus; Tätigkeit als Ingenieur, Farmer in Georgia und Alabama und Politiker; im Mexikokrieg Major 1st Alabama Volunteers; Abgeord­neter der Georgia Secession Convention für Lee County / Georgia (vgl. Warner, a.a.O., S. 37; Augusta [Georgia] Chronicle v. 18.8.1885); Captain 16th Georgia Infantry 1861; Februar 1862 Col 16th Georgia Infantry (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 93-94). Eingesetzt während McClellan's Peninsular Campaign im April 1862 bei Dam Nr. 1 bei Lee's Mill in *Cobb's Brigade (vgl. Confederate Milita­ry History, a.a.O., vol. X, S. 211); Verteidigung von Dam Nr. 1 am 16.4.1862 (vgl. Report of BrigGen Howell Cobb OR 11.1. S, 417; Report of Col Goode Bryan, OR 11.1 S. 419-420). Ab 15.5.1862 eingesetzt zur Verstärkung der CS-Stellungen am James River süd­ostwärts von Richmond bei *Drewry's Bluff (vgl. Johnston, Military Operations, a.a.O., S. 128). Teilnahme an den Schlachten von Seven Pines, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville und Gettysburg. Als Nachfolger von Semmes Brigadekommandeur in der Schlacht von Gettysburg. Teilnahme an der Schlacht von Chickamauga; BrigGen 29.8.1863. Trotz seiner angeschlagenen Gesundheit weiterhin im Dienst. Teilnahme an den Schlachten von Knoxville, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor und Petersburg. Wegen sei­ner angeschlagenen Gesundheit ausgeschieden am 20.9.1864 (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 94). Gestorben am Augusta / Georgia am 16.8.1885, beerdigt in Augusta / Georgia auf dem City Cemetery (vgl. Warner: Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 37-38).

 

Photo:

- Warner: Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 37

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Augusta [Georgia] Chronicle v. 18.8.1885

- Boatner, a.a.O., S. 93-94

- Johnston, Military Operations, a.a.O., S. 128

- Warner: Generals in Gray, a.a.O., S. 37-38

 

 

Bryant, Charles M.:

US- Pvt; 5th Battery, 1st Battalion Maine Light Artillery „E“ (vgl. National Park Service M543 Roll 3); † kia 1.7.1863 Seminary Ridge Gettysburg (vgl. Gettysburg Commission: Maine at Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 86).

 

 

Bryant, Ed:

US-Sgt; 57th Ohio Infantry (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 352 Anm. 53). I’s Army of the Tennessee. Das Regiment war am 6.4.1862 morgens bei Beginn der Schlacht in der Divisionsfront rechts eingesetzt (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 157 mit Karte S. 165)

 

 

Bryant, Edwin C.:

US-+++; 3rd Wisconsin Infantry;

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Bryant, Edwin C.: History of the Third Regiment of Wisconsin Veteran Volunteer Infantry (Cleveland: A. H. Clark Co., 1891)

 

 

Bryant, Nathaniel C.:

US-Lieutenant zur See; geboren am 27.3.1823 in Nobleborough, Maine; Midshipsman US-Navy seit Dezember 1837; ab Januar 1862 als Lieutenant zur See Kapitän der USS Cairo (vgl. Bearss: Hardluck Ironclad, a.a.O., S. 34). Am 9.9.1862 ging Bryant nach Krank­heit in einen längeren Genesungsurlaub, seine Nachfolge trat Lieutenant Commander Thomas O. Selfridge an (vgl. Bearss, a.a.O., S. 80).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Bearss: Hardluck Ironclad, a.a.O., S. 34, 40

- Yost, George R.: Diary (Naval History Branch, Department of the Navy).

 

 

Bryant, William Cullen:

US-Zeitungsverleger, Herausgeber der New York Evening Post (vgl. Andrews: The North reports the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 9, 11); er interveniert 1864 zugunsten seines wegen Bestechung zu Lasten der US-Navy angeklagten Verlegers Henderson bei Secretary of State Welles (vgl. Welles, Diary II 60, 61, 78, 228)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- **Bryant, William Cullen (Herausgeber der New York Evening Post ): Bryant Papers, New York Public Library

 

 

Bryner, Cloyd B.:

US-+++; 47th Illinois Infantry

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Bryner, Cloyd B.: Bugle Echoes: The Story of the Illinois 47th Infantry (Springfield / Illinois: Phillips Bros., 1905)

 

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