Version 6.4.2017

 

Deutsche

und Deutschstämmige

im

Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg

 

zusammengestellt von

Eberhard Ref

 

 

 

0. Vorbemerkung

 

Kaufmann meint, Deutsche hätten nur auf Unionsseite gekämpft und seien kaum nicht bei den CS-Truppen zu finden (vgl. Kaufmann: Die Deutschen im amerikanischen Bürgerkriege, a.a.O., S. IV), nennt aber im Biographischen Teil „Deutsche Konföderierte“ (vgl. Kaufmann, a.a.O., S. 566-575).

 

Auf Unionsseite kämpften 216000 deutschstämmige Unionssoldaten (vgl. Kaufmann: Die Deutschen im amerikanischen Bürgerkriege, a.a.O., S. IV)

 

 

In 1860 lebten lediglich 71962 geborene Deutsche in den CSA (vgl. Mehrländer, Andrea: The Germans of Charleston, Richmond and New Orleans during the Civil War Period, 1850-1870, S. 1).

 

 

 

 

 

II. Deutsche Einwanderung in die USA

 

s. Anbinder: Nativism & Slavery, a.a.O., S. 7-8

 

 

 

 

 

II. Prosopographie deutscher Namen

im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg

 

 

Aarons, Louis:

CS-Sergeant; Co. F, 10th Regiment Louisiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M378 Roll 1).

 

Enlisted Camp Moore, July 22nd. 1861 Present on all Rolls to Feb. 1862. Roll not dated "Killed in battle of Sharpsburg, Sept. 17th, 1862. Born Germany Occupation Laborer Res. New Orleans, La. Single (vgl. http://laahgp.genealogyvillage.com/MilitaryIndex/­louisianasoldierss9.html, Abruf vom 3.6.2016).

 

Abel, John:

44 Jahre alt; enlistet at New York city, to serve three years, and mustered in as private, 45th New York Infantry Regiment, Co B, 19.9.1861; reenlisted as veteran 4.1.1864; transferred to Co. B, 58th New York Infantry 30.6.1865 (vgl. Roster 45th New York Infantry (vgl. s. Internetdatei www.ARMY.Mil, http://dmna.ny.gov/historic/reghist/civil/rosters/Infantry/45th_Infantry_CW_Roster.pdf).

 

 

Abel, Louis:

Age 20 Years; enlistet at New York city, to serve three years, and mustered in as private, 45th New York Infantry Regiment, Co B, 9.4.1864; transferred to Co. B, 58th New York Infantry 30.6.1865; also born as John Able (vgl. Roster 45th New York Infantry (vgl. s. Internetdatei www.ARMY.Mil, http://dmna.ny.gov/historic/reghist/civil/rosters/Infantry/45th_Infantry_CW_Roster.pdf).

 

 

Abel, Valentin:

Age 18 Years; enlistet at New York city, to serve three years, and mustered in as private, 45th New York Infantry Regiment, Co C, 6.1.1865; transferred to Co. B, 58th New York Infantry 30.6.1865 (vgl. Internetdatei www.ARMY.Mil, http://dmna.ny.gov/historic/ reghist/civil/rosters/Infantry/45th_Infantry_CW_Roster.pdf).

 

 

Abell, Caspar Karlinski:

US-Major; Co. D, 72nd Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Service M551 Roll 1); er war ein Deutscher (vgl. Rosengarten: The German Soldiers, a.a.O., S. 163).

 

Abell, Caspar K., November 1827 born in New York; May 20, 1861 enlisted at Dunkirk, N. Y. as 1st lt., Co. D, 72nd N. Y. Infantry Rgt. June 25, 1861 Capt. May 4, 1863 Maj. June 19, 1864 mo at Petersburg, Va. 1880 and 1900 book seller at Dunkirk, N. Y. wife Jane E. Abell, c.1834 born in New York; Children: Daniel W. Abell, c.1851 born in New York; Ruth B. Abell, April 1856 born in New York; Charles C. Abell, October 1860 born in New York (Source: New York: Report of the Adjutant-General; 1880 and 1900 U. S. Census; vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

27.11.1827 New York - † 23.6.1912; beerd. Forest Hill Cemetery, Fredonia / New York (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Abell, Charles C.:

US-LtCol; zunächst Co. C, 10th Regiment New York Heavy Artillery (vgl. National Park Service M551 Roll 1); enrolled, July 23, 1862, at Antwerp; mustered in as captain, Co.C, (originally Fifth Battalion or Second Battalion, Black River Artillery), September 11,1862, to serve three years; major, June 6, 1863; transferred, to First and Second, Sixth New York Artillery, June 27, 1865; commissioned Captain, November 29, 1862, with rank from September 11, 1862, original; Major, May 11, 1864, with rank from March 6, 1863, vice T. Osborne, promoted to First Artillery (vgl. www.findagrave.com); später LtCol 6th Regiment New York Heavy Artillery; er trat als Major in die Einheit ein (vgl. National Park Service M551 Roll 1) (vgl. auch Rosengarten: The German Soldiers, a.a.O., S. 163).

 

1824 - † 20.5.1903 Antwerp, Jefferson County / New York; beerd. Hillside Cemetery Antwerp, Jefferson County / New York (vgl. www.findagrave.com)

 

 

Achert, Jerome:

US-Pvt; 68th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 1).

 

 

Acker, Frederich:

US-Sgt, 12 Missouri Infantry, Co G (vgl. Internetdatei http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-soldiers.htm?submitted=1&SDunitCode =UMO0012RI).

 

 

Acker, Wilhelm:

US-Pvt; Co. A, 68th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 1).

 

 

Adams, Emil:

US-Major; zunächst 1st Lt Co 'A' 9th Illinois Infantry (vgl. Morrison: The Ninth Regiment, a.a.O., S. 13). Seit September 1861 war Adams Act. Assist. Adj. Gen. der Brigade Paine (vgl. Morrison: The Ninth Regiment, a.a.O., S. 15). Beförderung zum Captain 9th Il­linois Infantry am 2.12.1861 (vgl. Morrison, a.a.O., S. 16).

 

Major 9th Illinois Infantry Regiment; diente nach dem Krieg in der regulären Armee (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 478).

 

 

Adolphus, Dr. Philipp:

Chirurg in den Hospitälern von Maryland (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 478).

 

 

Ahrens, Louis:

US-Captain; Co. F, 4th Regiment New York Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 1). Ahrens wurde am Arm verwundet, und es bestand die Befürchtung, er müsse amputiert werden (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich, Wolfgang: Germans in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 54; Letter Emile und Lotte Dupré vom 19.6.1862). Ahrens received his discharge am 27.4.1863 als Captain (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich, Wolfgang: Germans in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 54 Anm. 19; Official Army Register [OAR] 2: 322).

 

 

Alber, Frederick (D):

US-Pvt; Co. A, 17th Regiment Michigan Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers 545 Roll 1).

 

28.6.1838 Germany - † 1.9.1913 beerd. Oregon Township Cemetery in Lapeer County / Michigan; US Pvt 17th Michigan Infantry: Erhielt die Medal of Honor during the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House: Bravely rescued Lt. Charles H. Todd of his regiment who had been captured by a party of Confederates by shooting down one, knocking over another with the butt of his musket, and taking them both prisoners.

 

 

Albers, John:

CS-Pvt; Co. G, 5th Regiment Louisiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M378 Roll 1).

 

Enlisted June 4th, 1861, Camp Moore, La. Present on All Rolls to Aug., 1862. Roll for Sept. and Oct., 1862, "Present, Apptd. 3rd Corp. Oct. 1st, 1862." Rolls from Nov., 1862, to Dec., 1863, state "Present." Roll for Jan. and Feb., 1864, "Transferred. to the Navy." Roll for May 1st to Aug. 31st, 1864, Present or Absent Not Stated. Record Copied from Memorial Hall, New Orleans, La., by the War Dept., Washington, D. C., May, 1903, "Born, Germany; Occupation, Sailor; Age when Enlisted, 29; Single. Transferred. to Navy March 25th, 1864 (vgl. http://laahgp.genealogyvillage.com/MilitaryIndex/louisianasoldiersa1.html, Abruf vom 3.6.2016).

 

Albert, Anselm:

US-Col; zunächst Captain, dann LtCol Co. A, 3rd Regiment Missouri Infantry (3 Months, 1861) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M390 Roll 1).

 

LtCol 3rd Missouri Infantry Regiment als Nachfolger Hassendeubel's; gefangen im Battle von Wilson's Creek, als er zusammen mit Sigel flüchtete. Wurde ausgetauscht; später Col. Im Battle von Pea Ridge/Arkansas. Danach Stabschef von Gen. Frémont's. Mit die­sem Teilnahme in der Shenandoah Campaign 1862. Als Frémont von Sigel abgelöst wurde, trat Albert zurück, erhielt aber spä­ter wie­der ein Kommando, wurde schwer verwundet und mußte seinen Abschied nehmen (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im Amerika­nischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 478).

 

Er kämpfte in dem ungarischen Patriotenheer unter Görgey und führte eine der vier Sturmkolonnen, die Ofen eroberten (vgl. Kauf­mann: Deutsche im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 478).

 

 

Almstedt, Henry:

US-Col (vgl. Rosengarten: The German Soldiers, a.a.O., S. 163); Col 1st Regiment, US Reserve Corps, Missouri Infantry (3 month) (vgl. National Park Service M390 Roll 1), dann Col 2nd Regiment Missouri Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Service M390 Roll 1) (vgl auch Rosengarten: The German Soldiers, a.a.O., S. 163). In der Nachkriegs­zeit Zahlmeister in der regulären Armee (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 478).

 

Almstedt kam von Deutschland zunächst nach Washington und wurde dort von den Armistead's (reiche aristokratische Plantagenbe­sitzer in Virginia uns Maryland) als Verwandter begrüßt. Der damalige Präsident Polk hatte eine Armistead zur Frau (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 478).

 

A native of Germany, he was one of many foreign-born St. Louisans whose prior military experience was called upon in the early days of the Civil War. He received his training in the United States, and served as a Lieutenant in the St. Louis region in 1846. The following year he entered the United States Army as a Lieutenant, serving with the 2nd and 12th United States Regular Infantry regiments during the Mexican War (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

24.3.1817 - † 24.11.1884; beerd. Bellafontaine Cemetery, St. Louis City/MO; °° Eliza Almstedt (1832-1869) (vgl. www.findagrave. com).

 

Photo:

Col Henry Almstedt (Photo Mathew Brady; vgl. www.findagrave.com)

 

 

Allstrom, John V.:

auch Alstrom (vgl. Rosengarten: The German Soldiers, a.a.O., S. 163). Die Angabe bei Rosengarten, Alstrom sei Deutscher gewesen, erscheint zweifelhaft. Der Name deutet eher auf schwedische Herkunft.

 

US-Major; zunächst Second Lieutenant und später Captain Co G, 14th Regiment New Jersey Infantry (vgl. National Park Service M550 Roll 1); dann Major Co. F&S, 3rd Regiment New Jersey Cavalry (vgl. National Park Service M550 Roll 1).

 

Allstrom was born in 1832.  A resident of the town of Shrewsbury, NJ in Monmouth County, he had become well-known locally as accomplished musician by the time of the Civil War.  When the war began, he did not enlist in the army, but formed a militia compa­ny he called the Allstrom Light Guard  (one of the company's members was Samuel T. Sleeper of Shrewsbury, who later became captain of Company I, 11th Regt., NJ Vols.  Sleeper was killed in action at Spotsylvania, May 12, 1864).  Needless to say, Allstrom was the unit's captain.  They served with the Monmouth and Ocean Brigade of the NJ Militia.  Allstrom seems to have train­ed his militiamen well.  A January 2, 1862 article in the "Monmouth Democrat" newspaper of Freehold detailing a New Year's Day militia muster in Freehold states "...we wish to call the mention of amateur soldiers to the commands of Capt's. Forman, Stagg, and Allstrom, all new companies, but all of them giving the best evidence by their performance here that officers and men alike  un­derstand their duty and live up to it." (vgl. http://3rdnjcavalry.com/AllstromJohn.html)

 

In July 1862, Allstrom organized and took command of Company G, 14th Regiment, NJ Vols., a company recruited entirely in Monmouth County.  Allstrom seems to have been eager for advancement, as the Monmouth County Historical Association's Subjects Alphabetical Collection 98 contains a December 1862 letter from NJ Governor-elect Joel Parker to Allstrom apparently written in reply to Allstrom's request for information on what Parker's policy on promotions would be (Parker declined to comment until after he'd been inaugurated).  Allstrom served with the 14th NJ on garrison duty near Frederick, MD, protecting the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad bridge over the Monocacy River from September 1862 to July 1863, when the 14th Reg't. was assigned to the III Corps of the Army of the Potomac. The 14th became part of the Army of the Potomac's 3rd Division, VI Corps in March 1864, but Allstrom would not remain with the 14th much longer.  His campaign for promotion paid off on May 6, 1864, when he was appointed major of the 3rd NJ Cav.  He served with the "Butterflies" until the end of the was.  Following the war, he resumed his career in music,opening up the Allstrom and Company Academy of Music in Red Bank, NJ.  The building that the Academy occupied still stands today at the southwest corner of the intersection of White and Broad Streets in Red Bank (it currently houses the Royal Box Gift Shop). Allstrom 
eventually passed his business on to his brother, Harold.  John V. Allstrom died on August 3, 1906 and was laid to rest in Glenwood Cemetery, West Long Branch, NJ.  (The Monmouth County Historical Association's Photographic Collection contains two images of Allstrom taken during his service with the 14th NJ.) (vgl. http://3rdnjcavalry.com/AllstromJohn.html).

 

21.10.1830 - † 3.8.1906 Monmouth County / New Jersey; beerd. Glenwood Cemetery, West Long Branch, NJ; °° Sophie Boye All­strom (1832-1902); aus der Ehe stammen 9 Kinder (vgl. www.findagrave.com)

 

Photo:

Major John V Alstrom (vgl. http://3rdnjcavalry.com/AllstromJohn.html)

 

 

Alter, Henry H.:

Dr. med; Chirurg im 52 Ky. Reg. (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 478).

 

 

Amsberg, Georg von:

US-Col; 45th New York Infantry Regiment; June 24, 1821 - November 21, 1876; v. Amsberg war früher preußischer [richtigerweise österreichisch-ungarischer] Offizier gewesen (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 478).

 

Amsberg, who served in Austria, Hungary, and the United States as a military officer in both the Hungarian revolution of 1848 and the American Civil War. Along with such other figures as Carl Schur zand Franz Sigel, he was among a group of European revolutionaries and emigrants who have been collectively termed "Forty-Eighters", a number of whom served prominently in the Union Army. Georg von Amsberg was born in Hildesheim near Hanover, where he was educated at the Polytechnic Institute (the precursor to the University of Hanover). Like many Germans after the downfall of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, he joined the Austrian Army in 1837 as a cadet, and advanced rapidly. By 1848 he was an officer in an elite Hungarian hussar (light cavalry) regiment.

 

During the 1848 Hungarian revolution, Von Amsberg, with his regiment, allied with the Hungarian Revolutionary Army, or Honvéd, against Austrian rule. As a Major, he served as an Aide-de-Camp to General Henryk Dembiński, but he later rose to Brigadier General. He fought in twenty one battles during the conflict. Von Amsberg was awarded the Order of Valor by Lajos Kossuth for the "prowess and skill displayed in the Battle of Szolnok". On August 2, 1849, he commanded 13,000 men of General József Nag

ysándor's Corps in the Battle of Debrecen, gaining a "great reputation for the valor and intelligence manifested in the engage­ment." He was taken prisoner, however, with the surrender of the Hungarian Army eleven days later. During the subsequent retributi­on by the Austrian Empire he was sentenced to 16 years. After 9 years confinement he was released and banished.

 

After his release von Amsberg emigrated to the United States. He arrived from Bremen in New York City on September 27, 1858 on the ship Husdon.[3] Von Amsberg worked for a time as a riding instructor at the Hoboken Riding School.

 

Von Amsberg began his U.S. military service as a major in the 5th Regiment New York National Guard Infantry (5th Regiment of Militia of New York City) on May 1, 1861, shortly after the outbreak of the American Civil War. The regiment was a three-month re­giment, so von Amsberg was honorably mustered out of the militia with the rest of the regiment on August 7, 1861. On September 9, 1861, von Amsberg organized the 45th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, which he commanded as colonel as of October 7, 1861. He commanded this unit during the Battle of Cross Keys and Battle of Chancellorsville. During the Battle of Gettysburg he as­sumed command of 1st Brigade, 3rd Division of XI Corps after the death of Major General John F. Reynolds necessitated advance­ment of the command structure. He tendered his resignation in September or October 1863 and was discharged for disability due to asthma, acute bronchitis and gastritis on January 22, 1864.

 

After the war, von Amsberg was the proprietor of a hotel. He died on November 21, 1876 at Hoboken, New Jersey. George von Ams­berg is buried in Weehawken Cemetery in North Bergen, New Jersey, USA. (vgl. Internetdatei http://en. Wikipedia. Org/ wiki/ Georg_von_Amsberg).

 

 

Andel, Casimir:

US-Captain; Co. BAD, 12th Regiment Missouri Infantry; he enlisted as Sergeant (vgl. National Park Soldiers M390 Roll 1); before he was Corporal, Co. A, 9th Regiment Illinois Infantry (3 months, 1861) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 2).

 

Andel gründete im spanisch-amerikanischen Krieg ein Regiment von Bürgerkriegs-Veteranen (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 478), das 4th Illinois Mi­litia Regiment (vgl. Internetdatei http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/militia-il.htm).

 

15.11.1840 Hessen/Germany – † 3.2.1918 Belleville / Illinois; S. v. Johann Andel (26.6.1802 Germany - † 10.7.1890 Belleville / Illi­nois) und Katharina Elisabeth Maus Andel (5.12.1813 Germany - † 10.10.1885 Belleville / Illinois; Schwester von John Maus, one of the proprietors of the National Hotel on the Public Square in Belleville / Illinois); °° 27.1.1871 mit Louise Kircher (Schwester von Captain Henry A. *Kircher); in der Nachkriegszeit war Col. Andel als Banker in Belleville tätig (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 27.10.2016).

 

Andel und sein Schwager Captain Henry A. *Kircher waren zunächst Soldiers, Co. A, 9th Regiment Illinois Infantry (3 months, 1861) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 2), Kircher als Sergeant, Andel als Corporal. Kircher was born in 1841, one often children of Joseph and Augusta Kircher, German natives who migrated to western Illinois in the 1830s. Kircher grew up in a closely knit family and attended Oakfield Academy, near St. Louis, one of the first German-American schools west of the Mississippi. He became a machinist by trade and was working in his hometown when the first shock waves of Sumter reached Illinois. Kircher and several of his German friends first joined the 9th Illinois as three-months recruits, but he quickly became disillusioned by the political infighting that he visualized would be a barrier to his advancement in the regiment. Because of this disillusionment and the antagonism that developed between the Germans and Americans, he and his Belleville neighbors decided to cross the Mississippi and join the newly formed 12th Missouri, where in time 84 percent of the regiment would be made up of German-Americans. Kircher, who eventually rose to the rank of captain, and the men of the 12th Missouri took part in several im­portant campaigns during their three years service, including Pea Ridge, Chickasaw Bluffs, the siege of Vicksburg, and finally Look­out Mountain. Kircher's letters, most of them written to his mother, end abruptly in November, 1863, following the battle of Ring­gold, Georgia, where he received wounds that caused him to lose both an arm and a leg. Following the war Kircher returned home a hero and despite his handicap became one of Belleville's leading citizens in business and politics, eventually serving two terms as mayor. Kircher was married in 1880 to Bertha Engelmann and had three children. He died on May 1, 1908 (vgl. Indiana Magazine of History, Indiana Historical Society, Indianapolis, by Thomas K. Krasean). Sowohl Corporal Andel wie auch sein Schwager Sergeant Henry A. Kircher wechselten zum 12th Regiment Missouri Infantry, wo sie beide zum Captain aufstiegen.

 

 

Amsberg, Georg von:

teilweise fehlerhaft als „von Armsberg“ genannt (vgl. Hamlin: Gattysburg, a.a.O., S. 41).

 

US-Col; 45th New York Infantry Regiment; June 24, 1821 - November 21, 1876; v. Amsberg war früher preußischer [richtigerweise österreichisch-ungarischer] Offizier gewesen (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 478).

 

Amsberg, who served in Austria, Hungary, and the United States as a military officer in both the Hungarian revolution of 1848 and the American Civil War. Along with such other figures as Carl Schur zand Franz Sigel, he was among a group of European revolutio­naries and emigrants who have been collectively termed "Forty-Eighters", a number of whom served prominently in the Union Army. Georg von Amsberg was born in Hildesheim near Hanover, where he was educated at the Polytechnic Institute (the precursor to the University of Hanover). Like many Germans after the downfall of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, he joined the Austrian Army in 1837 as a cadet, and advanced rapidly. By 1848 he was an officer in an elite Hungarian hussar (light ca­valry) regiment.

 

During the 1848 Hungarian revolution, Von Amsberg, with his regiment, allied with the Hungarian Revolutionary Army, or Honvéd, against Austrian rule. As a Major, he served as an Aide-de-Camp to General Henryk Dembiński, but he later rose to Brigadier General. He fought in twenty one battles during the conflict. Von Amsberg was awarded the Order of Valor by Lajos Kossuth for the "prowess and skill displayed in the Battle of Szolnok". On August 2, 1849, he commanded 13,000 men of General József Nagysándor's Corps in the Battle of Debrecen, gaining a "great reputation for the valor and intelligence manifested in the engage­ment." He was taken prisoner, however, with the surrender of the Hungarian Army eleven days later. During the subsequent retributi­on by the Austrian Empire he was sentenced to 16 years. After 9 years confinement he was released and banished.

 

After his release von Amsberg emigrated to the United States. He arrived from Bremen in New York City on September 27, 1858 on the ship Husdon.[3] Von Amsberg worked for a time as a riding instructor at the Hoboken Riding School.

 

Von Amsberg began his U.S. military service as a major in the 5th Regiment New York National Guard Infantry (5th Regiment of Militia of New York City) on May 1, 1861, shortly after the outbreak of the American Civil War. The regiment was a three-month re­giment, so von Amsberg was honorably mustered out of the militia with the rest of the regiment on August 7, 1861. On September 9, 1861, von Amsberg organized the 45th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, which he commanded as colonel as of October 7, 1861. He commanded this unit during the Battle of Cross Keys and Battle of Chancellorsville. During the Battle of Gettysburg he as­sumed command of 1st Brigade, 3rd Division of XI Corps after the death of Major General John F. Reynolds necessitated advance­ment of the command structure. He tendered his resignation in September or October 1863 and was discharged for disability due to asthma, acute bronchitis and gastritis on January 22, 1864.

 

After the war, von Amsberg was the proprietor of a hotel. He died on November 21, 1876 at Hoboken, New Jersey. George von Ams­berg is buried in Weehawken Cemetery in North Bergen (Anm. Angabe falsch], New Jersey, USA. (vgl. Internetdatei http://en. Wikipedia. Org/ wiki/ Ge­org_von_Amsberg).

 

24.6.1821 Hildesheim / Germany - † 21.11.1876 Hoboken, Hudsin County / New Jersey; beerd. Palisades Cemetery, North Bergen, Hudson County / New Jersey (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Born George Karl Heinrich Wilhelm von Amsburg in Hanover, Germany, he was commissioned as Major of the 5th New York State Militia on May 1, 1861, serving until honorably mustered out on August 7, 1861. He was then commissioned on October 7, 1861 as Colonel and commander of the 45th New York Volunteer Infantry, who were known as the "5th German Rifles" due to the fact that it was nearly entirely composed of men who immigrated from the Germanic States (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

- Grabinschrift Georg von Amsberg auf dem Palisades Cemetery, North Bergen, Hudson County / New Jersey (vgl. www. findagra­ve.com)

 

 

Annecke, Carl Friedrich Theodor „Fritz“:

Januar 1818 Dortmund - † 6. Dezember 1872 Chicago, Illinois; US-Col, zunächst im Stab McClellan's, dann Col 35th Wisconsin Infantry; zuletzt Befehlshaber der Reserve Artillerie der Tennessee-Armee.

 

Annecke war Lt Königl. Preuß 7. Artillerie-Brigade (vgl. Frontispiz von „Ein ehrengerichtlicher Prozeß“ von F. Annecke, Leipzig 1846). Er wurde in einem ehrengerichtlichen Prozeß aus der preußischen Armee entlassen, nachdem er sich zuvor kritisch über das preußische Offizierskorps und u.a. Über die dort gepflegte Duell-Praxis geäußert hatte (vgl. Einleitung zu „Ein ehrengerichtlicher Prozeß“ von F. Annecke, Leipzig 1846; Universitätsbibliothek Bielefeld)

 

Annecke war ein deutscher Revolutionär, preußischer und US-amerikanischer Offizier. Annecke war Mitbegründer des Kölner Ar­beit­er­vereins und war dessen erster „Sekretär“ (Geschäftsführer). Annecke war als Oberbefehlshaber der Artillerie der Pfälzischen Volkswehr einer der militärischen Kommandeure der Reichsverfassungskampagne in der Pfalz und in Baden im Sommer 1849. Nach seiner Emigration in die USA unterstützte er zusammen mit seiner Frau und seinem Bruder Emil Annecke die Republikanische Partei von Abraham Lincoln und engagierte sich für die Gleichberechtigung der Afroamerikaner. Fritz und sein Bruder Emil trugen ursprünglich den Familiennamen Annecke, verkürzten diesen aber später auf Anneke ohne „c“. (vgl. Internetdatei Wikipedia)

 

In seinen letzten Lebensjahren wurde er sogar noch ein Anhänger von Otto von Bismarck, ging aber gleichzeitig politisch auf Distanz zu früheren Weggefährten wie Carl Schurz oder Friedrich Hammacher, die in den USA und Deutschland erfolgreiche Karrieren als Politiker und Wirtschaftsführer aufbauten. Eine solche Karriere blieb ihm selbst versagt, mehrere Unternehmensgründungen scheiterten, die Ehe mit der Dichterin Mathilde Franziska Annecke ging auseinander. Zum Schluß lebte er getrennt von ihr in Chicago, wo er als Redakteur und Arbeitersekretär tätig war. Im Alter von 54 Jahren starb Carl Friedrich Theodor Anneke am 6. Dezember 1872 dort an den Folgen eines Unfalls. Nach dem Großen Brand, der ein Jahr vorher große Teile der Stadt in Schutt und Asche gelegt hatte, war Chicago mit ungesicherten Baugruben übersät, eine davon wurde dem kurzsichtigen Anneke zum Verhängnis (vgl. Internetdatei Wikipedia http:// de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fritz_Anneke).

 

Annecke konnte zu manchen Mißständen in der US-Army nicht schweigen, und äußerte sich kritisch zu Fehlern seiner militärischen Vorgesetzten. Infolge derartiger Kritiken, die allerdings wohl disziplinwidrig sein mochten, wurde Annecke 183 unter Arrest gestellt und von einem Kriegsgericht zur Absetzung verurteilt (vgl. Kaufmann: Die Deutschen im amerikanischen Bürgerkriege, a.a.O., S. 479).

 

Als literarische Figur taucht Anneke im historischen Roman "Der Weg in die Freiheit" über Carl Schurz von Herbert Kranz auf. Carlo Schmid hat die von Kranz beschriebene Kampagne von Anneke und Schurz in der Pfalz in ein Rundfunkhörspiel verarbeitet, das sich im Archiv der Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung befindet (vgl. Internetdatei Wikipedia http:// de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fritz_Anneke).

 

Photo:

- Original http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fritz_Anneke

 

 

Arndt, Albert:

geb .in Baden [?] - † 6.-17.9.1862 Antietam; US-Major 1st New York Light Artillery Battalion "Brickel's German Light Artillery" ; 1848er und ehemaliger süddeutscher Offizier, der schon in der badischen Revolution kämpfte (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 479).

 

Gefallen im Battle of Antietam 16.-17.9.1862; hierbei wurde Bataillonskommandeur Major Albert Arndt mortally wounded, directing one of his guns. Das Battalion bestand bei Antietam aus (aus http://civilwarintheeast.com/USA/NY/NY01arBn.php ).

 

 

Asboth, Alexander S.:

18.12.1811 in Keszthely, Hungary - † 21.1.1868 Buenos Aires; US-BrigGen; während der Pea Ridge Campaign in Frühjahr 1862 Divisionskom­mandeur der 2nd Division (vgl. Shea / Hess, Pea Ridge, a.a.O.).

 

Asboth war österreichisch-ungarischer Adliger ohne militärische Ausbildung; seine militärischen Vorkriegserfahrungen beschränkten sich auf die fehlgeschlagene ungarische Revolution von 1848. Im ersten Kriegsjahr in Missouri erwies er sich fähiger Kavalleriefüh­rer (vgl. Shea / Hess, a.a.O., S. 46). US-Truppen unter Gen. *Asboth (4th Missouri Cavalry, 5th Missouri Cavalry und 1st Missouri Flying Battery) nahmen im Rahmen einer von Little Sugar Creek in westlicher Richtung unternommenen Aufklärung die Ortschaft *Benton­ville in Nord-Arkansas südlich Pea Ridge am 18.2.1862 während Curtis Pea Ridge Campaign (vgl. Shea / Hess, Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 45).

 

Die kleine Division umfaßte folgende Einheiten (vgl. Shea / Hess, Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 332):

 

- 1st Brigade Col Frederick *Schaefer

- 2nd Missouri Infantry, LtCol Bernard *Laiboldt

- 15th Missouri Infantry, Col Francis J. *Joliat

 

- Artillery:

- 1st Missouri Flying Battery, Captain Gustavus M. *Elbert

- 2nd Independent Battery, Ohio Light Artillery, Lt William B. *Chapman

 

Not brigaded:

- 3rd Missouri Infantry, Major Joseph *Conrad

- 4th Missouri Cavalry, Major Emeric *Meszaros

- 5th Missouri Cavalry, Col Joseph *Nemett

 

Photo:

- Davis / Wiley: Photographic History, Vol. 1: Fort Sumter to Gettysburg, a.a.O., S. 286

- Shea / Hess, Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 47

 

Literatur:

- Hess, Earl J.: „Alexander Asboth: One of Lincoln’s Hungarian Heroes?“ Lincoln Herald 84 (1982)

- Kaufmann, Wilhelm: Die Deutschen im amerikanischen Bürgerkriege, a.a.O., S. 479

 

 

Aschmann, Rudolf:

US-Captain; 1st Regiment US-Sharpshooters (Regular Army); zunächst Pvt, zuletzt Captain Co. A (vgl. http://www.nps.gov/ civil­war/search-soldiers-detail.htm?soldier_id=ff39e97c-dc7a-df11-bf36-b8ac6f5d926a).

 

Aschmann verlor während der Wilderness Campaign ein Bein. Die Aschmann'sche Kompanie von 106 Mann zählte 80 Schweizer und 26 Deutsche. Sie war die Elite-Scharfschützen-Truppe der Potomac Army und die erste, die das Schnellfeuergewehr erhielt. In 18 Schlachten und Gefechten wurde die Kompanie bis auf 12 Mann heruntergebracht (vgl. Kaufmann: Die Deutschen im Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 479).

 

Literatur:

- Aschmann, Rudolf: Memoirs of a Swiss Officer in the American Civil War: (Three Years in the Army of the Potomac Or A Swiss Company of Sharpshooters in the North American War, University of Michigan, 1972

- Aschmann, Rudolf: Drei Jahre in der Potomac-Armee; oder, Eine Schweizer Schützen-Compagnie im nordamerikanischen Kriege 
von Rudolf Aschmann, Hauptmann im 1. Vereinigten Staaten Scharfschützen-Regimente. Published 1865

 

 

Asmussen, Charles W.:

US-Captain, 5th Missouri State Militia Cavalry Regiment (vgl. http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-soldiers-detail.htm?soldier_i d=027e317d-dc7a-df11-bf36-b8ac6f5d926a). Kaufmann gibt seinen Rand als Col an und nennt keinen Vornamen (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 480). Asmussen gibt seinen Rang selbst als LtCol an

 

Asmussen war ehemaliger preußischer Offizier, Stabschef des Gen. O. O. Howard. Hat sich dann in den Kämpfen in Missouri ausgezeichnet, namentlich im Battle von Pea Ridge am 7./8. 1862 (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 480). Gen. Sigel erwähnt in seinem Report über das Battle of Pea Ridge den Captain Asmussen mehrfach (vgl. http://www. historycentral.com/CivilWar/pearidge/Sigel.html) sowie Gen. Osterhaus in seinem Report vom 14.3.1862 (vgl. http://stellar-one.com/civil_war/battle_of_pea_ridge_04.htm).

 

Kam mit Gen. Sigel zur Potomac Army. Nahm seinen Abschied nach schwerer Verwundung (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerika­nischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 480).

 

Zuletzt LtCol und AIG 20th Corps in der Goldsborough Campaign (vgl. Campaign maps exhibiting the line of march of the 20th Corps from Savannah, Ga. to Goldsborough, N.C., with the plans of the battle-fields of Averysborough and Bentonville, N.C., from surveys of Topographical Engineers 20th Corps.; in: Atlas zu Official Records; im Internet veröffentlicht in http:// digital. library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/waro.html).

 

 

August, Otto:

US-Major; aus New York; 45. New Yorker [?] war Major im Stab von O. O. Howard (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 480).

 

 

Axt, Ferdinand:

US-Pvt., 20th New York Infantry, Co. G

 

 

Axt, Gottfried Dr.:

Chirurg im 20th New York Infantry Regiment (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 480).

 

 

Bachman, Edwin I.:

US-Lt; Stabsmitglied in Coburn's Brigade (vgl. Welcher / Ligget: Coburn's Brigade, a.a.O., S. 60, 63).

 

 

Bachman, W. K.:

CS-Captain, Bachman's Company, South Carolina Artillery (German Light Artillery) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M381 Roll 12); die Einheit wurde von Captain Bachman 1862 aufgestellt.

 

Am 10.9.1861 fand eine Versammlung in Charleston/SC, die meisten waren deutschstämmig, in der Institute Hall statt. Hierbei hob Bachman ein von den deutschen Frauen gefertigtes Banner und begrüßte die Versammelten mit einer Ansprache (vgl. Charleston Mercury, Ausgabe 11.9.1861; vgl. Ural, Susan­nah J. /(ed.): Civil War Citizens: Race, Ethnicity, and Identity in America's Bloodiest Contest [New York University Press, N.Y., 2010], S. 1).

 

 

Bachmeier, Friedrich (Frederick):

US-Pvt; Co. E, 68td Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 4).

 

Age, 23 years. Enlisted, August 8, 1861, at New York city, to serve three years; mustered in as private, Co. E, August 10, 1861; deserted in August, 1861 (vgl. Annual Report of the Adjutant-General of the State of New York Roster 68th New York Infantry).

 

 

Backoff, Frank:

US-Maj; beteiligt an der Militärrevolution in Rastatt. Badischer 1848er. Kämpfte mit Auszeichnung in der deutschen Revolution (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 480).

 

Backoff kommandierte im Juni 1861 während Lyon's Vorstoß nach Südwest-Missouri zwei Artillery-Batteries (Backoff's Battery) mit insgesamt 8 Geschützen (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 108; (vgl. Sigel's Report: OR 3, 17). Battle of Carthage am 5.7.1861 (vgl. Brooksher, a.a.O., S. 122).

 

Literatur:

- Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 108, 122; Backoff's Battery: S. 108, 122, 176, 182, 190-91, 201

 

 

Bätz / Baetz, Henry:

US-Major, 26st Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürger­krieg, a.a.O., S. 480), Co. F, S; Bätz trat in das Regiment als Captain ein und wurde zum Major befördert (vgl. http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-soldiers-detail.htm?soldier_ id=b057df7d-dc7a-df11-bf36-b8ac6f5d926a).

 

Baetz was born in Germany on July 27, 1830. He moved to Two Rivers, Wisconsin in 1853.[1] Later, he moved to Kewaunee, Wisconsin before settling in Manitowoc, Wisconsin. During the American Civil War, he served with the 26th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment of the Union Army and would reach the rank of Major. He moved to Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 1875. Baetz died on January 2, 1910 (vgl. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Baetz).

 

In 1868, Baetz was a delegate to the Republican National Convention that nominated Ulysses S. Grant for President of the United States. He would serve as Treasurer from 1870 to 1874 and as Secretary of the State Board of Immigration from 1880 to 1883 (vgl. http://en. wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Baetz).

 

 

Bäumer, Wilhelm:

s. William Baumer

 

 

Baker, Charles:

CS-Pvt; Co. B, 7th Regiment Louisiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M378 Roll 2).

 

Enlisted Camp Moore, La., June 7th, 1861. Present on All Rolls to Feb., 1864. Federal Rolls of Prisoners of War Captured Near Spottsylvania C. H., May 11th, 1864. Sent to Belle Plains, Va., May 18th, 1864. Recorded, at Elmira, N. Y., March 10th, 1865. Sent to Ja­mes River for Exchange. Exchanged March 15th, 1865. Born, Germany. Res., Baton Rouge, La. Age when Enlisted, 35. Single (vgl. http://laahgp.genealogyvillage.com/MilitaryIndex/louisianasoldiersa1.html, Abruf vom 3.6.2016).

 

Baker, Frank:

CS-Pvt; Washington Battalion Louisiana Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M378 Roll 2).

 

Enlisted July 31st, 1861, New Orleans, La. Present on All Rolls to Oct., 1864. Roll for Jan. and Feb., 1865, "Detailed as Infantry, on Duty at Fort Craig." Federal Rolls of Prisoners of War Captured at Petersburg, April 1st, 1865. Forwarded to Pt. Lookout, Md., from City Pt., Va., April 4th 1865. Released on Oath of Allegiance to U. S. from Pt. Lookout, Md., June 10th, 1865. Res., New Orleans, La. Complexion, Light. Hair. Brown. Eyes, Brown. Height, 5 ft. 5 in. Born, Germany. Occupation, Baker. Age, 33. Single (vgl. http:// laahgp.genealogyvillage.com/MilitaryIndex/louisianasoldiersa1.html,. Abruf vom 3.6.2016).

 

 

Balbach, Arthur:

US-Major; unidentified District of Columbia (vgl. National Park Soldiers M538 Roll 1); Major (Captain), Co. H, auch 8th Battalion District of Columbia Infantry (3 months, 1861) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M538 Roll 1).

 

Offizier im badischen Generalstab, 1849 an der Revolution beteiligt. Später in Amerika bei der Küstenvermessung be­schäftigt. Zu Beginn des Krieges Major. Gefallen in einem der ersten Kämpfe (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürger­krieg, a.a.O., S. 480, ohne Nennung des Vornamens).

 

 

Ballier, John F.:

28.8.1815 Aurich - † 3.2.1893 beerd. Mt. Peace Cemetery on Lehigh Avenue in Philadelphia. US-BrigGen; Col 21st Pennsylvania Infantry und später Col 98th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 480).

 

John F. Ballier was a native of Aurich, Wuertemberg, born on August 28, 1815 and immigrated as a baker to Philadelphia in 1838.   The following year he became a member of the Washington Light Infantry, a crack German military organization composed of three companies, which would go on to serve its new country in pre-war conflicts such as the Native American riots of 1844 and the Mexican War of 1846. Throughout these military engagements, Ballier rose swiftly, achieving the rank of Major by the close of the Mexican War. In 1861, when President Lincoln called for volunteers to serve for ninety days, the Washington Light Infantry and John Ballier responded, forming the nucleus of the Twenty-first Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers for three months of service which saw his promotion to colonel.  At the expiration of their time, Colonel Ballier recruited and organized the Ninety-eighth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers for three years' service.  He led the command in many of the battles of the war, among them Yorktown, Williamsburg, Mechanicsville, Fair Oaks, Malvern Hill, Antietam and Fredericksburg (vgl. http://pacivilwar150.Com/Through People/Immigrants/JohnFBallier).

 

At Mayre's Heights in the Chancellorsville campaign, Colonel Ballier was wounded in the ankle and spent five weeks in the hospital. When recovered he returned to his regiment, commanding it in the battles of Rappahannock Station, Spotsylvania, the Wilderness, Cold Harbor and Petersburg. When Fort Stevens, a defensive bastion on the northern edge of Washington, D.C., was threatened, he was in command of the Second Division of the VI. Corps of the Union Army of the Potomac. Ballier and his men came under the watchful eyes of citizens who rode out in carriages to observe the battle, including President Lincoln. A rifle ball penetrated his thigh during the battle and during his subsequent hospital stay he was seen again by President Lincoln, this time at the foot of his hospital bed on July 12, 1864. Lincoln acknowledged his gallant conduct and the services of his troops, promoting Ballier brevet brigadier-general of volunteers. The 98th Pennsylvania Volunteers subsequently participated in several other battles, and was present at the surrender of Lee and his Confederate army (vgl. http://pacivilwar150.Com/ThroughPeople/Immigrants/JohnFBallier).

 

A complete history of the regiment was written by General Ballier for "Bates's History of Pennsylvania in the War." While convales­cing, General Ballier served for 10 months as a member of a court martial in Washington, acting on the cases of Confederate priso­ners. He served on the tribunal that convicted Major Henry Wirz, Confederate commandant of the notorious Andersonville Prison camp and Ballier witnessed his hanging. Soon after he returned to Philadelphia, John Ballier purchased the old hotelproperty at Fourth Street and Fairmount Avenue, which was generally known as the Ballier House. In 1866 he was appointed a day inspector in the U.S. Custom House, resigning in 1867 when he was elected a City Commissioner of Philadelphia, holding that office until 1870. In 1869 he was Colonel of the Third Regiment Pennsylvania National Guard and retained command until 1876. John Ballier lived as a distinguished and decorated American but never discarded his German customs and habits, staying active in German-American ci­vic, philanthropic and social affairs. He was a founding member of the Cannstatter Volkfest Verein, president of the German Society of Philadelphia, and a founding member of the Grand Army veterans' Post #228, named for an old comrade, General John Koltes of Philadelphia, killed in action at the Second Battle of Bull Run (vgl. http://pacivilwar150.Com/ThroughPeople/ Immigrants/JohnFBal­lier).

 

 

Literatur:

- Ballier, John F.: History of the 98th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment; in: Bates, Samuel Penniman: History of Pennsylvania volunteers 1861-65, printed 1871

 

 

Barth, John Washington:

US-Major 28th Kentucky Infantry Regiment (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürger­krieg, a.a.O., S. 480), Co. C;. Barth trat im Rang eines Captain ein wurde als Major ausgemustert (vgl. http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-soldiers-detail.htm?soldier_id=b722af7f-dc7a-df11-bf36-b8ac6f5d926a). Barth kommandierte das Regiment im Battle of Nashville (vgl. http://en. wikipedia.org/wiki/28th_Regiment_Kentucky_Volunteer_Infantry).

 

 

Bauer, Georg:

US-Pvt; Co. D, 21st Regiment Missouri Infantry (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 361n1; Anm.: bei National Park Service wird Bauer nicht genannt).

 

Bauer emigrated from from Baden in 1863; kurz darauf folgte sein Bruder Johann. Shortly thereafter, both of them settled on farms near Kirksville in northern Missouri (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 361); † 22.6.1844 im Army Hospital Memphis/Tenn. (vgl. Brief von Johann Bauer vom 19.2.1865, abgedruckt bei (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 363). Seine Witwe, die er als Schwangere mit einem Kleinkind bei seinem Eintritt in das Regiment 1861 (3-year­-Service) zurückgelassen hatte, erhielt später eine Pension (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 361n1; vgl. Pension Files National Achives).

 

 

Bauer, Georg:

US-Pvt; gefallen 1864 im Battle of Monocacy

 

Literatur:

- Bauer, Georg (d. 1864): Letter, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier during the Civil War, writing from Spotsylvania Courthouse on May 20, 1864, to his daughter, about the many battles he fought in and the presence of the Confederates in the immidiate area. Bauer was a native German speaker and the English in his letter is heavily Germanized (ex. "shudding duks" for "shooting ducks"). Bauer was killed two months later in the Battle of Monocacy. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide, Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms93-022)

 

 

Baumer, Andrew:

US-Pvt, 56th Illinois Infantry Regiment, Co. B

 

 

Baumer, Andrew:

US-Pvt, 13th Illinois Cavalry Regiment, Co. H, A

 

 

Baumer, Antoine:

US-Pvt; 3rd Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (1st Organization), Co F

 

 

Baumer, Anton:

US-Pvt, 5th Iowa Infantry Regiment

 

 

Baumer, Augustus:

US-Pvt, 39th Ohio Infantry Regiment, Co. E

 

Baumer, Charles:

US-Pvt, 7th Maryland Infantry Regiment, Co. ?

 

 

Baumer, Daniel:

US-Pvt, 86th New York Infantry Regiment, Co. A

 

 

Baumer, Edward:

US-Pvt, 132nd Ney York Infantry Regiment

 

 

Baumer, Francis:

US-Pvt 8th Illinois Infantry Regiment Co. C

 

 

Baumer, Frank:

US-Pvt 9th Illinois Infantry Regiment Co. C

 

 

Baumer, Henry:

US-Pvt 2nd Missouri Light Artillery Regiment

 

 

Baumer, Henry:

US-Pvt 3rd Regiment Missouri Infantry (3 Months 1861), Co. H, F

 

 

Baumer, Henry:

US-Pvt 5th Missouri State Militia Cavalry Regiment Co. E

 

 

Baumer, Henry:

US-Pvt 2nd Regiment Missouri Light Artillery

 

 

Baumer, Henry:

US-Pvt, Berry's Battalion Missouri Cavalry Co. C

 

 

Baumer, James:

US-Sgt, alternative Namen L./Baumer; James/Barmer; James M./Barmer; 36th Indiana Infantry Regiment Co. F

 

 

Baumer, John:

US-Pvt, 3rd Colorado Cavalry Regiment, Co. K

 

 

Baumer, John:

US-Pvt, 3rd US-Cavalry Regiment (regular Army), Co. C

 

 

Baumer, John H.:

US-Pvt., alternativer Name: John H. Baummer; 6th Ohio Infantry Regiment Co. D

 

 

Baumer, John H.:

US-First Sergeant 106th Ohio Infantry Regiment, Co H

 

 

Baumer, Joseph:

US-Pvt, 7th Kansas Cavalry Regiment (Jennison's Jayhawkers), Co. C

 

 

Baumer, Joseph:

US-Pvt 2nd Missouri Light Artillery Regiment

 

 

Baumer, Lucas:

US-Corporal 176th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment (Drafted Militia), Co. E

 

 

Baumer, Mathews:

US-Pvt 27th Connecticut Infantry Regiment Co. K

 

 

Baumer, Nicolas:

alternativer Name: Bowman, US-Pvt 132nd New York Infantry Regiment, Co ?

 

 

Baumer, Philip:

US-Pvt 15th Missouri Infantry Regiment Co. B

 

 

Baumer, Robert:

US-Pvt 79th New York Infantry Regiment, Co E

 

 

Baumer, William:

auch Wilhelm Bäumer; US-Col 1st Nebrasca Veteran Cavalry (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürger­krieg, a.a.O., S. 481). Bäumer stammte aus Westfalen, zeichnete sich in den Indianerkriegen aus, welcher gleichzeitig mit dem Civil war spielte. Er ließ den Häuptling Black Kettle aufhängen, obschon 10000 feindliche Indianer in der Nähe waren (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürger­krieg, a.a.O., S. 481).

 

1st Regiment Nebrasca Cavalry, Co. B; Baumer trat im Rang eines Captain ein und wurde als LtCol ausgemustert (vgl. http://www. nps.gov/civilwar/search-soldiers-detail.htm) .

 

Literatur:

- Reports of Lieutenant Colonel William Baumer, First Nebraska Infantry (die Vorgängerin der 1st Nebrasca Cavalry), of action at Cape Girardeau vom 28..4.1863 and pursuit of Marmaduke. OR Page 267 Chapter XXXIV 

 

 

Baumer, William:

US-Pvt 51st Missouri Infantry Regiment Co. I

 

 

Baumer, William:

US-Pvt 54th Missouri Infantry Regiment

 

 

Baumer, William A.:

US-Pvt 133rd Indiana Infantry Regiment (100 Days, 1864), Co. A

 

 

Beck, Arnold:

US-Major 2nd Missouri Infantry Regiment; er führte das zu Laibold's Brigade gehörende Regiment in der Schlacht von Chickamauga. Bei dem Versuch, die vom Feind geworfene US-Division Davis aufzunehmen,ging das Regiment mit gefälltem Bajonett vor, geriet aber in ein so mörderisches Feuer, daß fast die Hälfte der Mannschaften des Regiments getötet oder verwundet wurden. Es verlor die Fahne, nachdem der Fahnenträger und die ganze Fahnensektion erschossen waren (vgl. Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 481).

 

 

Beck, Elias W. H.:

US-Surgeon; 3rd Indiana Cavalry. Teilnahme am Battle of Brandy Station am 9.6.1863. 1863 gehörte die 3rd Indiana Cavalry zur 1st Cavalry Brigade 1st Cavalry Division Buford im Cavalry Corps Pleasonton's der Army of the Potomac. Die Brigade bestand aus 8th Illinois Cavalry, 12th Illinois Cavalry, 3rd Indiana Cavalry und 8th New York Cavalry (Gliederung vgl. B & L, a.a.O., vol III, S. 437). Elias Beck, Regimental Surgeon der 3rd Indiana Cavalry, schrieb in einem Brief an seine Frau vom 10.6.1863: "... our Brigade Commander Col. Davis was killed, ... (He) was ... a proud tyrannical devil - & had the ill will of his whole Command - § Il bet was killed by our own men (Elias W. H. Beck, "Letters of a Civil War Surgeon," Indiana Magazine of History, XXVII [1931], S. 154; vgl. Starr: Union Cavalry, a.a.O., vol. I, S. 378 Anm. 37).

 

Literatur:

- Beck, Elias W. H.: "Letters of a Civil War Surgeon," Indiana Magazine of History, XXVII [1931], S. 154

 

 

Behr, Frederick:

US-Captain; † 6.4.1862 in Shiloh; Batteriechef 6th Battery Indiana Light Artillery. Die Battery war “all German”; die Battery gehörte in Battle of Shiloh zur 1st Brigade Col John A. McDowell 5th Division BrigGen William T. Sherman in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 172). Behr ist gegen 11:00 bei Crossroads gefallen, seine Mannschaften flohen daraufhin und ließen 5 von insgesamt 6 Geschützen zurück (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 183)

 

 

Beninger, William:

US-Pvt, Battery H of the 6th Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery

 

Literatur:

- Beninger, William: Correspondence, 1864-65. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in Battery H of the 6th Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery writing from various forts in Virginia to his sister. Writes in November 1864 from Fairfax County that he is enjoying the point above Bulls Run and expects to move from this place to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Writes in March 1865 from Fort Bennett that he thinks the war will end soon, and that the Rebels he saw at Falls Church and at Fairfax Court House were only "a few gurrillaws and a drunk." (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide - Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms89-107).

 

 

Betge, Robert J.:

US-Col; 68th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 10). Betge stammte aus Braunschweig und war deutschstämmig (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich, Wolfgang: Germans in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 47).

 

1824 - † 9.9. 1877; was a German-American politician and United States Army officer during the American Civil War. Betge was born in Prussia and emigrated to New Jersey, where he operated a stationery store. In 1857, Betge joined the board of directors of the Hoboken Bank for Savings. In 1861, at the outbreak of the Civil War, Betge received permission to organize the 68th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment and was commissioned as its colonel. After entering service, he led the unit to Virginia where he was court-martialed. Found not guilty, Betge continued as colonel of the 68th New York until March 1862. That month, after protesting to his commanding general what he perceived to be mistreatment of his unit, Betge was placed under arrest. After his unit fought in the Battle of Cross Keys, he resigned his commission on August 6, 1862. In 1866, Betge moved to San Francisco, where he continued to work as a stationer and authored a book of verse. In 1868, he was elected to the California State Senate as a Democrat. He was re-elected in 1870 and served as the Chairman of the Committee on Commerce and Navigation. He died in 1877 (vgl. Wikipedia, Stichwort Robert J. Betge, Abruf v. 12.5.2016).

 

 

Bihn, Joseph Ludwig:

Pfarrer und Auswanderer aus Dirmstein; 2.1.1822 Dirmstein - 17.8.1893 in Tiffin / Ohio; ausgewandert 1945 nach York, Medina County / Ohio; dort zunächst kaufmännischer Angestellter, dann Beuch des Priestersemanrs; Priesterweihe 1.6.1856, dann Pfarrer in Tiffin / Ohio. 1867 Gründung des Schwesternordens der "Franziskanerinnen von Tiffin" und Gründer eines Waisenhauses für Kriegswaisen des amerikanischen Bürgerkrieges.

 

Literatur:

- Specht, Joachim: Vater der Alten und Waisen von NW-Ohio: Pfarrer Joseph Ludwig Bihn aus Dirmstein; in: Heimatjahrbuch 2006 Landkreis Bad Dürkheim, S. 166

 

 

Bohlen, Henry:

US-BrigGen; 22.10.1810 Bremen / Germany - † gef. 22.8.1862 Culpeper County / VA bei einer Erkundung am Rappahannock River im Vorfeld der Schlacht von 2nd Bull Run; beerd. Laurel Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia/Penn. (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Fought in the Mexican War. Recruited a regiment in Philadelphia made up of mostly German emigrants at the out break of the Civil War. The regiment was designated the 75th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, and he was named its Colonel and commander on September 30, 1861. Served in General Louis Blenker's division. Appointed Brigadier General, US Volunteers on April 28, 1862. Commanded the 3rd Brigade of Carl Schurz's Division in the Shenandoah Valley operations against Stonewall Jackson. His brigade covered the retreat of the Union forces at the Battle of Cross Keys, and participated in the Battle of Cedar Mountain. While conducting reconnaissance on the Rappahannock River during the initial stages of the Second Bull Run Campaign, he was killed when his force was attempting to recross the river (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Heinrich Bohlen, geb. in Bremen, war ein reicher Kaufmann in Philadelphia. Er „hatte eine merkwürdige Vorliebe für den Militärstand. Beteiligte sich an der Belagerung von Antwerpen 1832 (Belgische Revolution 1832; Abspaltung Belgiens von den Niederlanden), machte den Krimkrieg als Beobachter mit, den Krieg mit Mexiko ruhmvoll als Offizier. Organisierte 1861 das 75. Pennsylvania Regiment auf eigenen Kosten, wurde dessen Oberst und noch im gleichen Jahr Brigadeführer unter Blenker, Kämpfte ruhmvoll bei Cross Keys, wo er, nachdem die Stahelsche Brigade (infolge von Wutschels vorzeitigem Angriff) abgeschlagen worden war, einen zweiten Angriff unternahm, der jedoch infolge Versagens der Artillerie ebenfalls scheitere. General Bohlen wurde bei Freemans Ford am Rappahannock am 21. August 1862 erschossen. Als ihn die Kugel traf, führte er seine Truppen tapfer vorgehend gegen den überlegenen Feind. Wahrscheinlich weil Bohlen in den rücken getroffen wurde, bildete sich die sage heraus, daß der General einem Racheakt seiner eigenen Leute zum Opfer gefallen sei. Doch ist diese Annahme wahrscheinlich falsch. Von General Stahel und namentlich von den 75ern wird sie auf das lebhafteste bestritten. Bohlen war einer der beliebtesten Offiziere des ganzen Korps. Einer seiner Enkel ist Herr Krupp von Bohlen, der gegenwärtige Chef des Hauses Friedrich Krupp in Essen“ (aus Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 484-85).

 

°° I mit Emily Maria Borie Bohlen (1811-1851); °° II mit deren Schwester Sophia Eliza Borie Bohlen (1813-1882); beide waren Töchter eines Geschäftspartners von Bohlen, John Joseph Borie (1776-1834) einem reichen, aus Frankreich stammenden Schiffs­händler, und Sophia Beauveau Borie (1789-1876) (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

BrigGen Henry Bohlen (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Bouquet, Nicholas:

US-Pvt; 14.11.1842 Landau - 27.12.1912, beerdigt Aspen Grove Cemetry, Burlington/Iowa; kam 1856 als Einwanderer nach St. Louis; Pvt. Bouquet war in 1st Iowa Infantry; Medal of Honor am 10.8.1861 Wilson’s Creek (vgl. Kukatzki; in Pfälzisch-Rheinische Familienkunde 2008, S. S. 448).

 

 

Brueckner, Augustus C.:

US-Major, Co. A, 73rd Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry; † 30.8.1862 im Battle of 2nd Bull Run / VA (vgl. Regimental Roster 73rd Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry, S. 870). Bei Hamlin (vgl. Hamlin: Battle of Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 42) heißt es zur Geschichte des 73rd Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry: „... it had become much reduced in numbers, as it had suffered severly at second Bull Run, where it lost both Koltes [Anm.: Col. John A. *Koltes], who acted as brigade commander, and Bruenecker, who commended the regiment in that sanguinary contest“. Kaufmann (Kaufmann: Deutsche im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S.487) nennt ihn als „Oberstleutnant des 73. Pennsylvania Regiments in der Brigade Koltes“.

 

 

Bruenecker, George:

US-Pvt; 45th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. National Park Service M559 Roll 4).

 

 

Bullenhaar (Bullenhar), Anton Herman:

US-Pvt; Co. H&K, 18th Regiment Kentucky Infantry; auch als 'Bullinhar' bezeichnet (vgl. National Park soldiers M386 Roll 4).

 

Bullenhaar stammt aus Ostbevern nahe Münster/Westfalen; er emigrierte 1858 in die USA nach Cincinnati, wohin sein Bruder Joann Bernhard Bullenhaar bereits zuvor emigriert war; beide waren katholisch; am 10.1.1862 he went to Cynthiana/KY and enlisted in the 18tr Kentucky Infantry. Nach 1 ½ Jahre Dienstzeit he was killed in the Battle of Chickamauga/GA am 20.9.1863 (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 373/74n2).

 

 

Bushbeck / Buschbeck, Adolphus:

US-BrigGen; zunächst US LtCol, Co. F&S 27th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry, dann Col (vgl. National Park Service M554 Roll 16).

 

23.3.1822 Koblenz – † 28.5.1883 Florenz/Italien; beerd. Cimitero Evangelico degli Allori, Florenz (vgl. www.findagrave.com). Buschbeck commanded the 27th Pennsylvania in the Army of the Potomac and a brigade in that army and later in the Army of the Cumberland during the American Civil War. Buschbeck was born in Koblenz, Germany. He migrated to the United States in 1849 and settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He taught mathematics at a Philadelphia high school (vgl. https://en. wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Adolphus_Buschbeck).

 

Buschbeck volunteered for service in the Civil War, becoming lieutenant colonel of the 27th Pennsylvania Regiment in September 1861. He was appointed colonel of the 27th Pennsylvania by October 2, 1861, following the resignation of the previous colonel, Max Einstein. As colonel, Buschbeck took part in the Battle of Cross Keys under the command of Maj. Gen.John C. Frémont. Buschbeck next served in 2nd Brigade, 1st Division of the I Corps of the Army of Virginia, which later became XI Corps. He became acting bri­gade commander at the Second Battle of Bull Run, when Julius Stahel was promoted to division command. In the Army of the Poto­mac, Buschbeck served under Franz Sigel and Oliver Otis Howard. At the Battle of Chancellorsvillehe commanded 1st Brigade, 2nd Division of the XI Corps under Adolph von Steinwehr. Buschbeck's brigade was on the left of the corps when the Confederate flan­king attack hit the corps under the command of General Howard. His brigade was redeployed into the path of the Confederate advan­ce; and Buschbeck's stand against the Confederates, until flanked out of his position, earned him praise even from critics of the Ger­man troops present at Chancellorsville. Howard, in his report, even lauded Buschbeck's "praiseworthy firmness". After Chancellors­ville, Buschbeck went on leave, missing the Battle of Gettysburg. (Charles Coster commanded the brigade in his absence.) After re­turning to the army, he was transferred to the Western Theater, under the command of Maj. Gen.Joseph Hooker. Buschbeck's brigade was present at the Battle of Wauhatchie and the Battle of Missionary Ridge, where it was engaged on the Union left under Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman in the attack on Tunnel Hill. When XI Corps was combined with XII Corps into the XX Corps un­der Hooker, Buschbeck was the highest ranking German officer retained in command. He led a brigade under John W. Geary (2nd Brigade, 2nd Division) in the Atlanta Campaign, in action at the Battle of Rocky Face Ridge, the Battle of Resaca, and the Battle of Dallas before being mustered out of the service. Buschbeck's regiment left for Philadelphia on March 25, 1864. Nonetheless, he is li­sted as brigade commander April 16 to May 22, 1864. Buschbeck served with distinction but never received a promotion, even by brevet, to the rank of brigadier general (vgl. https://en. wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolphus_Buschbeck).

 

Während Sherman's Atlanta Campaign führte Geary die 2nd Division in MajGen Joseph P. Hooker XX Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland. Zur Division gehörte

- 2nd Brigade Col Adolphus Buschbeck

- 33rd New York Infantry Col George W. Mindil

- 119th New York Infantry Col J. T. Lockman

- 134th New York Infantry LtCol Allen H. Jackson

- 154th New York Infantry Col P. H. Jones

- 27th Pennsylvania Infantry LtCol August Riedt

- 109th Penn. Infantry Captain Frederick L. Gimber

 

 

Daeuble, John:

US-1st Sergeant; Co. E, , 6th Regiment Kentucky Infantry (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 11.6.2016, Mitteilung von Joseph R. Reinhart und Inschrift auf dem Grabstein auf dem Marietta National Cemetery, Cobb County/Georgia, Photo bei www.findagra­ve.com; Anm.: bei National Park Service nicht genannt).

 

1st Sgt. John Daeuble was mortally wounded in the breast on May 27, 1864 in the Battle of Pickett's Mill, Georgia. He died the next day. He served in Company E of the 6th Kentucky Volunteer Infantry Regiment U.S. Company E and three other companies in this regiment comprised German-born men from Louisville. First Sergeant John Double was born at Muelheim am Bach in Württemberg, Germany; geb. 28.12.1839 Germany - † 28.5.1864 Pickett's Mill, Paulding County/Georgia (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 11.6.2016).

 

Photo:

- www.findagrave.com

 

Literatur:

- Reinhart, Joseph R., ed. and trans.: Two Germans in the Civil War: The Diary of John Daeuble and the Letters of Gottfried Rentsch­ler, 6th Kentucky Volunteer Infantry (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2004)

 

 

Dieckmann / Dickman, Julius:

US-Major; zunächst Lieutenant 2nd Battery New York Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Service M551 Roll 36), dann Captain 13th Independent Battery New York Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Service M551 Roll 36).

 

Im Battle of Chancellorsville war Dieckmann, im Rahmen des XI US-Corps eingesetzt. On the extreme right der Division Schurz, „in the angle of the line, and in the road, where placed two of Dickman's guns, nine hundred and sixty yards from the Talley House . The other four guns were placed east of Talley's, facing south, to command the Plank Road (vgl. Hamlin Battle of Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 36).

 

In the opening of the Gettysburg campaign, Captain Dieckmann resigned in order to accept a commission as major of the Fifteenth New York Heavy Artillery, and was succeeded in the command of the battery by Capt. William Wheeler (vgl. https://dmna.ny.gov/ historic/reghist/civil/artillery/13thIndBat/13thIndBatHistSketch.htm).

 

 

Dilger, Hubert:

US-Captain; Co. I, 1st Regiment Ohio Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Service M552 Roll 27). Dilger erhielt für seinen Einsatz im Battle of Chancellorsville am 2.5.1863 gegen Jackson's Umgehungsangriff gegen das XI. US-Corps die Medal of Honor: "Fought his guns until the enemy were upon him," the citation read, "then with one gun...he formed the rear guard and kept the enemy at bay by the rapidity of his fire and was the last man in the retreat." The devoutly Virginian historian who chronicled the history of Lee's artillery described Dilger's feat as "an example of almost superhuman courage and energy." (vgl. http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/ chancellorsville).

 

Hubert Anton Casimir Dilger (March 5, 1836 – May 4, 1911) was aGerman immigrant to the United States who became a decorated artillerist in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He was noted as one of the finest artillerists in the Army of the Potomac, winning the Medal of Honor for his valiant work at the 1863 Battle of Chancellorsville.Dilger was born in Engen in the Black Forest region in Germany and educated in the Karlsruhe Military Academy. He served as a lieutenant in the Grand Duke's Horse Artillery at military posts in Gottesau, Karlsruhe, and Rastatt. He developed several innovative theories on artillery tactics and drill. When news came of the outbreak of the American Civil War, Dilger received a leave of absence and sailed to the United States".

 

After relocating to Cincinnati, Ohio, he became the captain of Battery I, 1st Ohio Light Artillery and fought at several battles of the Army of the Potomac, including under fellow German native Maj. Gen. Carl Schurz at the Second Battle of Bull Run. On May 2, 1863, Dilger fought in the rearguard of the retreating UnionXI Corps during the disastrous Battle of Chancellorsville, for which he eventually was awarded the nation's highest decoration in 1893. He unlimbered his battery of six 12-pounder Napoleon smoothbore cannon as a last-ditch defense against a large portion of Stonewall Jackson's entire corps, which had pushed back XI Corps and was threatening to roll up the Union line.

 

Dilger also received high praise in the Official Records of the Battle of Gettysburg and for his work in the 1864 Atlanta Campaign during which his battery fired the rounds that killed Lt. General Leonidas Polk. Late in the war, he was on garrison duty. From 1869 to 1873 he was Adjutant-General for the State of Illinois.

 

After the war, Dilger prospered in Ohio and eventually purchased a sprawling horse farm in the Shenandoah Valley near Front Royal, Virginia, where he raised his family. After his death, a portion of his farm became a remount station for the US Army. His son Anton Dilger waged biological warfare for Germany against a still-neutral United States in World War I, infecting horses with  anthrax and glanders. Hubert Dilger was the grandfather of General der Kavallerie Carl-Erik Koehler (3 December 1895 – 8 December 1958), Generalmajor Hubertus Lamey (30 October 1896 – 7 April 1981), both of whom served with the Wehrmacht, and Captain Carl Anton Keyser, USNR (18 January 1918 - 7 August 1995). Captain Keyser served as a Gunnery Officer and later the Executive Officer on board the USS Eberle (DD430) during WW2. Dilger is buried in Rock Creek Cemetery in Washington, D.C. (aus ttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hubert_Dilger)

 

Photo:

Captain Hubert Dilger (Photo: http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/chancellorsville).

 

 

Dittmann, Erhard:

US-+++; 45th Illinois Infantry

 

Literatur:

- Dittmann, Erhard: Letters (Shiloh National Military Park, Shiloh / Tennessee: 45th Illinois File)

 

 

Doebler, John:

b. 1829; Co. D 37th Illinois Infantry; enlisted in Mich. 8/15/61; reenlist. vet. 2/10/64; must out 5/15/66 as corp.

 

 

Eisle, Gottleib:

b. 1840; Co. C 37th Illinois Infantry; trans. from 76th Ill. 4.1.1864; must. out 15.5.1866.

 

 

Enderlin, Richard:

(vgl. US-Pvt; Co. B, 73rt Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 31). Am 1.7.1863 promoted Sergeant (vgl. http://civilwartalk.com/threads/photos-of-73rd-regiment-ohio-volunteer-infantry, Abruf vom 1.6.2016).

 

1/11/1843 in Germany - † 2/11/1930 in Chillicothe, OH; buried: Grandview Cemetery, Chillicothe, OH (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 1.6.2016).

 

Civil War Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient. Born in Germany and emigrated to Ohio, in 1862 he enlisted in Company B of the 73rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry. On July 2, 1863, he was recommended for the Medal of Honor for his bravery at the Battle of Get­tysburg. During the battle Private George Nixon (also a member of the 73rd Ohio and the grandfather of President Richard Nixon) was wounded near the Confederate lines. Other soldiers ignored the wounded Nixon's cries for help due to the intense enemy fire. Private Enderlin volunteered to attempt to rescue him and, that evening, crawled to Nixon and pulled him to safety. He was immedia­tely promoted to Sergeant and recommended for the Medal of Honor, which he received in 1897. He was an active member of the Grand Army of the Republic, held the rank of Colonel in that organization, and was active in his community and in many philanthro­pic works. He died at his home in Chillicothe in 1930 at the age of 87 (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 1.6.2016).

 

Photo:

- www.findagrave.com (zweigt Enderlin in späteren Jahren)

- http://civilwartalk.com/threads/photos-of-73rd-regiment-ohio-volunteer-infantry (Photo als Sergeant)

 

 

Englemann, Adolph:

US-LtCol; 43rd Illinois Infantry. Während der Shiloh Campaign 1862 gehörte das Regiment zur 3rd Brigade Col Leonard F. *Ross 1st Division MajGen John A McClernand in Grant's Army of the Tennessee. Am 6.4.1862 war Col Julius Raith Brigadekommandeur der 3rd Brigade 1st Division MajGen John A McClernand in Grant's Army of the Tennessee. Der reguläre Brigadekommandeur Col Leonard F. Ross hatte gerade seine Frau verloren und befand sich wegen der Beerdigung in Illinois; der Interimskommandeur Col J. S. Reardon war am 6.4.1862 plötzlich erkrankt, weshalb die Führung der Brigade an Col Raith als rangältestetem Col fiel. Die Regimentsführung übernahm in Shiloh LtCol Adolph Englemann (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 177).

 

Literatur:

- Englemann, Adolph: Letters (Illinois State Library, Springfield / Illinois)

 

 

Essig, Christian:

US-Captain; Backoff's Battalion Missouri Artillery (3 months, 1861) (vgl. National Park Service M390 Roll 14).

 

Essig führte eine der beiden Artillery Batteries von Frank *Backoff unter Franz *Sigel während Nathaniel *Lyon's Vorstoß nach Südwest-Missouri im Juni / Juli 1861; Battle of Carthage (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 122-123).

 

 

Fahnestock, Allen L.:

US-+++; 86th Illinois Infantry (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 403)

 

Literatur:

- Fahnestock, Allen L.: Civil War Diary, Aug. 7, 1863 - Nov. 18, 1865 (Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield / Illinois) A

- Fahnestock, Allen L.: Letters (Peoria Public Library, Peoria / Illinois)

- Fahnestock, Allen L.: Letters (Quincy and Adams County [Illinois] Historical Society)

 

 

Fritsche, August:

US-Pvt; Co. K, 162nd Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 49).

 

 

Fritsche, John H.:

US-Corporal, Co. I, 1st Regiment New York Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Service M551 Roll 49).

 

 

Fritsche, Walter:

US-Pvt, Co. C, 36th Regiment Indiana Infantry(vgl. National Park Service M540 Roll 25).

 

 

Fritzsche, Alfred L.:

US-Pvt; Co. G, 188th Regiment Ohio Infantry; orginally fuiled under 'Albert L. Fritzsche' (vgl. National Park Service M552 Roll 36).

 

 

Fritzsche, Edward:

US-Pvt, Co. A, 45th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Service M551 Roll 49).

 

 

Fritzsche, Karl:

US-+++; Co. B 3rd Regiment US-Infantry (Regular Army) (vgl. National Park Service M233 Roll 25).

 

 

Fritzsche, William:

US-Pvt, Co. G, 18th Regiment Veteran Reserve Corps (Anm.: New York) (vgl. National Park Service M636 Roll 13/14).

 

 

Fritzscher, Heinrich Johann F.:

US-Pvt, Co. A, 13th Regiment Illinois Regmeint; auch 'Fritscher' (vgl. National Park Service M539 Roll 31).

 

27.1.1841 Mecklenburg-Vorpommern - † 27.1.1841 Reedsburg, Sauk County / Wisconsin; beerd. Saint Peters Evangelical Lutheran Cemertery, Reedsburg/Wisconsin; °° Sophie Margretha Grantin Fristscher; Vater von Ferdinand August M. Fritsche; die Grabin­schrift Fritschers auf dem Friedhof von Reedburg lautet: CIVIL WAR Pvt Co A 13th CALVARY IL REGT (vgl. findagrave.com).

 

 

Grebe, Belzar:

US-Lt; stammte aus Deutschland; immigriert in die USA, dann nach Illinois gezogen; in der Vorkriegszeit zeitweise Berufssoldat, da er keine Arbeit finden konnte; 14th Illinois Infantry; Teilnahme am Battle of Shiloh (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 191).

 

Literatur:

- Grebe, Belzar: Papers (Library of Congress, Washington / DC)

- Grebe, Belzar: Biography (Shiloh National Military Park, Shiloh / Tennessee: 14th Illinois File)

 

 

Groninger, William H.:

US-+++; 126th Pennsylvania Infantry (Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 112 Anm. 81)

 

Literatur:

- Groninger, William H. (126th Pennsylvania): "With Gen. Burnside at Fredericksburg," National Tribune, April 11, 126

 

 

Gross, Karl:

US-+++; 52nd Illinois Infantry

 

Literatur:

- Gross, Karl: Letter (Shiloh National Military Park, Shiloh / Tennessee: 52nd Illinois File)

 

 

Hahn, Michael:

US-Congreßabgeordneter aus Lousiana; bei den Kongreßwahlen vom Herbst 1862 wurde Hahn neben Benjamin *Flanders im US-besetzten Teil Lousiana als Kandidat der 'Free State Assiocation', die radikale abolitionistische Fraktion der Unionisten Lousiana's, in den US-Kongress gewählt (vgl. Foner: Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 46). Hahn stammte aus Bayern und vertrat die klassischen Ideen des 19. Jh., wie free trade, universal public education und religious rationalism (vgl. Foner, a.a.O., S. 46).

 

Literatur:

- Foner: Reconstruction, a.a.O., S. 46

- Simpson, Amos E. und Vaughan B. Baker: "Michael Hahn: Steady Patriot," LaH, 13 (Summer 1972), S. 229-32

- Tunnell, Red: Crucible of Reconstruction: War, Radicalism and Race in Louisiana 1862-1877 (Baton Rouge, 1981), S. 8-25

 

 

Hammann, Johann:

+++; geboren 1843 in Lachen-Speyerdorf; gefallen in Antietam 15./17.9.1862 (vgl. Kukatzki, Bernhard: "Pfälzer im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg", Teil II, in: Pfälzisch-Rheinische Familienkunde 2003, Heft 5, S. 300).

 

 

Hassendeubel, Francis:

US-BrigGen; geboren 1817 als Franz Hassendeubel in Germersheim (vgl. Kukatzki, Bernhard: "Pfälzer im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg", Teil II, in: Pfälzisch-Rheinische Familienkunde 2003, Heft 5, S. 298). 3rd Missouri Infantry (Col. *Salomon); im Juni 1861 unter *Lyon eingesetzt bei Rolla, Mo (vgl. Brooksher: Bloody Hill, a.a.O., S. 86) und im Battle von Carthage am 5.7.1861 (vgl. Sigel's Report; OR 3, 17), wo er mit der 3rd Missouri Infantry einen Bajonettangriff führte (vgl. Brooksher, a.a.O., S. 123). Im Spätjahr 1862 war Col Hassendeubel Brigadekommandeur in Pilot Knob / Missouri. Wegen Gen Curtis beabsichtigtem Flankenstoß von *Helena über den Mississippi Richtung Grenada / Mississippi, zur Unterstützung von Grant's Vorstoß entlang der Mississippi Central Railroad, wurde Hassendeubel's Brigade zur Verstärkung der örtlichen US-Truppen nach Helena verlegt (vgl. Bearss, Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., I 78). Hassendeubel's Brigade bestand aus 3rd, 12th, 17th Missouri Infantry und der 4th Battery Ohio Light Artillery (vgl. Bearss, a.a.O., I 78 Anm. 6).

 

 

Hecker, Friedrich:

nach seiner Flucht aus Deutschland siedelte Hecker im St. Clair County / Illinois (vgl. Cole: The Era of the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 23, 25), wo er 1861 zwei aus Deutschen rekrutierte Regimenter aufstellte (vgl. Morrison: "History of the 9th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry", a.a.O., S. x).

 

 

Heg, Hans C.:

US-Col; im Sommer 1862 Brigadekommandeur von Mitchell's Brigade (vgl. Starr: Jennison's Jayhawkers, a.a.O., S. 192 Anm. 2).

 

 

Heintzelmann, Samuel Peter:

US-MajGen; 1805-1880, Pennsylvania; seine Vorfahren waren aus Augsburg nach Pennsylvania ausgewandert. West Point 1826 (17/41); in der Vorkriegszeit eingesetzt an der Frontier; Mexikokrieg (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 392); später eingesetzt in Fort Yuma, Arizona; dort kam es zu bitterem Streit mit Capt. Thomas W. Sweeney (vgl. Monaghan: Civil War on the Western Border, a.a.O., S. 149); Col US-Army und gleichzeitig BrigGen USV am 17.5.1861; Heintzelmann nahm Alexandria, Va. am 24.5.1861; Divisionskommandeur 3rd Division vom 28.5.-17.8.1861; in der Schlacht von First Bull Run am +++ verwundet; Kommandeur der Heintzelmann Brigade, Div. of the Potomac von August bis Oktober 1861 und der Heintzelmann Division, Army of the Potomac vom 3.10.1861-13.3.1862; Heintzelmann kommandierte das III. US-Korps der Potomac-Armee während der Kampagne auf der Virginia-Halbinsel vom 13.3.1862-30.10.1862; Schlachten von Yorktown, Williamsburg, Fair Oaks, Savage's Station, Glendale, Malvern Hill; MajGen USV am 5.5.1862; Teilnahme an den Schlachten von 2nd Bull Run und Chantilly; von Seven Pines (Fair Oaks) am 31.5.1862 (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 392). Er taktiert insgesamt zu vorsichtig und verliert nach der Schlacht von Second Bull Run sein Kommando (Angabe bei Längin, a.a.O., S. 101). In der Verteidigung von Washington kommandierte er anschließend den Military District of Washington (27.1862-2.2.1863) und das XXII Corps und das Department of Washington (2.2.1863-13.10.1863); vom 12.1.1864-1.10.1864 Kommandeur des Northern Department und anschließend eingesetzt als Richter bei Court Martials bis Kriegsende. Er ist befördert worden für seine Leistungen in den Schlachten von Fair Oaks (BrigGen USA 31.5.1862) und Williamsburg (MajGen USA). Nach Kriegsende weiterhin Berufsoffizier bis zu seiner Versetzung in den Ruhestand als MajGen USA 1869. Boatner beschreibt Heinzelmann's Qualitäten: "A man who lacked the essential qualities of leadership as well as one who greatly magnified the difficulties before him, he was personally brave and gallant but without initiative" (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 392).

 

Photo:

- Längin, a.a.O., S, 101

- Milhollen / Kaplan: Divided We Fought, a.a.O., S. 110

 

 

Hendler, Henry I.:

US-Captain; Co. F, 6th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (3 months, 1861) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 52). Hendler war deutschstämmig und stellte die Washington Yeagers of Pottsville (= Co. F, 6th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry), in der viele Deut­sche dienten (vgl. Valuska/Keller: Damn Dutch, a.a.O., S. 215 n7).

 

 

Hertle, Daniel:

US-Journalist; 9.6.1821 Pfalz / Deutschland -1875 (?) Pfalz / Deutschland; Sohn von Joh. Conrad *Hertle und Susanne *Pistor; Daniel Hertle ist als ehelich eingetragen, obwohl sein Vater schon über ein Jahr gestorben war. Rechtskandidat in Frankenthal; 1849 Zivilkomissär in Homburg; 1848 Mitbegründer des Demokratischen Vereins Frankenthal; 1849 geschäftsführ. Kreisausschuß Volksverein; 1849 Nachfolger von Carl Witt; Volkswehr Hauptmann; Flucht in die USA; zunächst erfolglos Rechtsanwalt in New York; 11/2 Jahre Redakteur in Albany / N. Y.; dann in St. Louis; 1855 Präsident der Turner in USA; Mitredakteur bei Hillgärtner in der "Illinois Staatszeitung in Chicago; dessen Nachfolger bis 1858; 1858 Rechtsanwalt in Chicago; 1858 bei Hillgärtner in der "Westlichen Post"; 1864/65 in *Belleville (Stadt im St. Clair County / Illinois am Mississippi River, gegenüber von St. Louis). Autor von "Die Deutschen in Nordamerika und ihr Freiheitskampf in Missouri" (Chicago, 1865). 1870/71 noch in den USA; Rückkehr nach Deutschland; Redakteut in Mannheim. verschollen in den Alpen, Selbstmord im Chiemsee (?); verlobt mit Emma +Lehmann (1827-1867), der Tochter des konservativen Frankenthaler Bürgermeisters Carl Lehmann (vgl. Böttcher, Rudolf H.: Die Familienbande der pfälzischen Revolution 1848/49: ein Beitrag zur Sozialgeschichte einer bürgerlichen Revolution; in: Pfälz.-rheinische Familienkunde 1999, 259, 293).

 

 

Hilgard, Heinrich:

US-Journalist; stammte aus Speyer; Hilgard heiratete 1866 Fanny Garrison, die Tochter von William Lloyd *Garrison (vgl. Kukatzki, Bernhard: "Pfälzer im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg", Teil II, in: Pfälzisch-Rheinische Familienkunde 2003, Heft 5, S. 298).

 

 

Hodde, F.:

CS-Pvt; Co. (D), 37th Regiment Texas Cavalry (Terrell's) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M227 Roll 17; dort fehlt die Angabe der Co.; dagegen heißt es bei Kamphoefner/Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 453 n10: „A German in [Louis] *Lehmann's company“).

 

Geb. um 1842 aus Preußen, war an unmarried farmhand (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 453 n10).

 

Es dürfte sich um Friedrich J. W. Hodde handeln; 9.11.1841 Germany - † 4.12.1905 Washington County; beerd. Prairie Hill Church, Prairie Hill, Washington County/Texas; S. der Sophie Louise Kurre Hodde (1813-1879); Bruder von Wilhelm Hodde (1843-1904); °° Louise C. Winkelmann Hodde (1834-1912). (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf 9.6.2016). Die Annahme gründet sich darauf, daß es sich bei Hodde um einen Bekannten von Pvt Louis *Lehmann Co. (D), 37th Regiment Texas Cavalry (Terrell's) handelte, weshalb Lehmann ihn in einem Brief an seine Frau, die Hodde ebenfalls gekannt haben muß, erwähnt. Lehmann stammte wie Hodde aus dem Washington County/Texas (vgl. Brief von Louis Lehmann an „Beloved Friederike“ vom 23.8.1863, (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 453).

 

Hofmann, J. William:

US-Col; 56th Pennsylvania Infantry; im Sommer 1863 war Col Hofmann Regimentskommandeur der 56th Pennsylvania Infantry 2nd Brigade BrigGen Lysander *Cutler 1st Division BrigGen James S. *Wadsworth I Army Corps MajGen Abner *Doubleday, Meade's Army of the Potomac und nahm mit 9 Kompanien am Battle von Gettysburg teil.

 

 

Hoheinstein, Henry J.:

b. 1940; Co. C 37th Illinois Infantry; enlist. at Goodale 1.8.1861; died 24.10.1863 Memphis, Tn.

 

 

Huffmann, William:

b. 1842; Co. B 37th Illinois Infantry; enlist. in Chicago 8/19/61; reenlist vet. 2/10/64; discharged 11/13/65 disab.

 

 

Ilgen, Daniel G.:

US-Pvt; aus Cedarville; 93rd Illinois Infantry

 

 

Ilgen, David M.:

US-Pvt; aus Cedarville; 93rd Illinois Infantry

 

 

Illinois:

es gab eine Reihe von German Regiments, darunter die 24th Illinois Infantry oder „Hecker Regiment“ und die 43rd Illinois Infantry oder „Koerner Regiment“. Andere Deutschstämmige dienten in rien deutschen Kompanien, die es in verschiedenen Illinois Regimentern gab. Viele Deutsche aus Illinois dienten in deutschen Regimentern in Missouri. In den ersten 6 Monanten des Krieges dienten ca. 6000 Deutsche aus Illinois in der US-Army (vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 7).

 

 

Kappesser, Peter:

US-Corp; 8.1.1839 Heiligenmoschel - 31.3.1930 Syracuse/New York, beerdigt auf dem Woodlawn Cemetery. Corporal 149th New York Infantry; er erhielt die Medal of Honor für seine Leistungen im Battle of Lookout Mountain am 24.11.1863 (vgl. Kukatzki; in Pfälzisch-Rheinische Familienkunde 2008, S. S. 448).

 

 

Kercher, Jacob:

US-Captain, auch als Kircher bezeichnet (vgl. Morrison: "History of the 9th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry", a.a.O., S. 9); 9th Illinois Infantry (vgl. Morrison: "History of the 9th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry", a.a.O., S. 7, 9).

 

 

Ketzle, Henry:

US-Sergeant; geboren in Deutschland 1835; Pvt. Co. A 37th Illinois Infantry; enlisted at Little Rock a, 14.8.1861; am 7.3.1762 Battle of Pea Ridge; das Regiment war im Rahmen von Julius *White's Brigade, 3rd Division Jefferson C. *Davis eingesetzt im Wald ostwärts Oberson's Field an der Leetown Road. Es stieß überraschend im dirchten Unterholz auf Truppen der CS-Brigade Louis *Hébert (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 122 mit Karten S. 108 und 223). Reinlisted als Veteran am 10.2.1864, ausgemustert als Sergeant am 15.5.1866.

 

Literatur:

- Ketzle, Henry: Memoir (Mullins Collection, Wayne / New Jersey)

 

 

Kiefer, William R.:

US-+++, 153rd Pennsylvania Infantry

 

Literatur:

- Kiefer, William R.: History of the 153rd Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry (Originally issued in 1909, reprint Butternut & Blue); 352 pp plus added 52 page pamphlet with pencil annotations by a member of the regiment; this regiment lost 247 out of 550 at Gettysburg

 

 

Kimmel, Joseph:

US-Pvt; 51st Ohio Infantry (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 165); Während Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign 1864 gehörte die 51st Ohio Infantry zur 2nd Brigade BrigGen Walter C. Whitaker, 1st Division MajGen David S. Stanley, IV. Corps MajGen Oliver Otis *Howard, MajGen George H. Thomas’ Army of the Cumberland (vgl. B & L vol. IV, S. 284). Teilnahme am Battle of Resaca am 14./15.5.1864. Die Division Stanley war hierbei am äußersten linken Flügel der US-Front eingesetzt, wo sie praktisch in der Luft hing. Gegen diesen Flügel erfolgte der CS-Angriff von Gen Hood mit den Divisionen Stewart und Stevenson mit dem Ziel Sherman‘s Army zu flankieren und sie von ihren rückwärtigen Verbindungen nach Snake Creek Gap abzuschneiden. Der Angriff wurde erst im letzten Moment, nachdem die US-Front bereits zerbrochen war, durch Captain Simonson‘s Artillery im direkten Beschuß zusammen geschossen (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 163 ff).

 

Literatur:

- Kimmel, Joseph: Reminiscenses Ohio Historical Society, Columbus)

 

 

Kircher, Henry A.:

US-Sergeant; Co. A, 9th Regiment Illinois Infantry (3 months, 1861) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 49); später US-Captain; Co. ACK, 12th Regiment Missouri Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M390 Roll 26).

 

Kircher was born in 1841, one often children of Joseph and Augusta Kircher, German natives who migrated to western Illinois in the 1830s. Kircher grew up in a closely knit family and attended Oakfield Academy, near St. Louis, one of the first German-American schools west of the Mississippi. He became a machinist by trade and was working in his hometown when the first shock waves of Sumter reached Illinois. Kircher and several of his German friends first joined the 9th Illinois as three-months recruits, but he quickly became disillusioned by the political infighting that he visualized would be a barrier to his advancement in the regiment. Because of this disillusionment and the antagonism that developed between the Germans and Americans, he and his Belleville neighbors decided to cross the Mississippi and join the newly formed 12th Missouri, where in time 84 percent of the regiment would be made up of German-Americans. Kircher, who eventually rose to the rank of captain, and the men of the 12th Missouri took part in several im­portant campaigns during their three years service, including Pea Ridge, Chickasaw Bluffs, the seige of Vicksburg, and finally Look­out Mountain. Kircher's letters, most of them written to his mother, end abruptly in November, 1863, following the battle of Ring­gold, Georgia, where he received wounds that caused him to lose both an arm and a leg. Following the war Kircher returned home a hero and despite his handicap became one of Belleville's leading citizens in business and politics, eventually serving two terms as mayor. Kircher was married in 1880 to Bertha Engelmann and had three children. He died on May 1, 1908 (vgl. Indiana Magazine of History, Indiana Historical Society, Indianapolis, by Thomas K. Krasean)

 

Literatur:

- Engelmann / Kircher Collection, Illinois State Historical Library Springfield

- Hess, Earl J.: “A German in the Yankee Fatherland: The Civil War Letters of Henry A. Kircher (Kent, Ohio: Kent University Press, 1983)

- Engelmann / Kircher Collection, Illinois State Historical Library Springfield

 

 

Klaeden, Adolph W.:

CS-1stLt; Col. E, 16th Regiment Texas Infantry (Flournoy's) (vgl. National Park Service M227 Roll 20); dort als A. E. Klaeden auf­geführt; dagegen bei Kamphoefner/Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 470n35 als „Adolph (A. W.) Klaeden.

 

In 1860 Adolph Klaeden (A. W.) Klaeden, born in Havelberg, was working as a clerk and became first lieutenant in Col. E, 16th Re­giment Texas Infantry (Flournoy's; his sister was married to Louis *Lehmann's brother Adolph (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 470n35).

 

Im Battle of Masura/Louisiana (Red River Campaign) am 15.5.1864 geriet Klaeden bei Marks­ville in Kriegsgefangenschaft und wurde in einem Gefange­nenlager in New Orleans inhaftiert (vgl. Brief Lehmann an „Beloved Friederieke'“ vom 15.6.1864, abgedruckt bei Kamphoefner/Hel­bich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 469-470: „The officers, including A. Klaeden, are in a special house in the town“).

 

 

Koenig, Paul:

US-Captain; Co. E, 68th New York Infantry (vgl. Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York: Roster 68th New York Infantry; Anm. nicht genannt bei National Park Soldiers).

 

Age, 25 years. Enrolled at New York city, to serve three years, and mustered in as first sergeant, Co. E, August 10, 1801; as second lieutenant, Co. G, August 11, 1861; as first lieutenant, January 17, 1862; as captain, Co. D, September 22, 1862; wounded in action, August 31, 1863, at White Sulphur Springs, Ya.; died of bis wounds, September 26, 1863; prior service in English army. Commissioned second lieutenant, December 30, 1861, with rank from August 10, 1861; original; first lieutenant, May 23, 1802, with rank from January 17, 1862, vice M. P. Yonder Holle, promoted; captain, September 30, 1-862, with rank from September 22, 1862, vice Carl Vogel, promoted (vgl. Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York: Roster 68th New York Infantry).

 

Anm.: Alexander Dupré erwähnt an seinem Brief an „Liebe Eltern“ vom 15.8.1861 einen „First Lieutenant von König“ vom 68th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: Germans in the Civil War: The Letters They Wrote Home, a.a.O., S. 47). Hierbei könnte es sich um Paul Koenig handeln, der allerdings im August 1861 Second Lt war. Im Regiment gab es noch einen Captain Robert Koenig, der im August 1861 als Captain in das Regiment eintrat). Dupré schreibt zu diesem: „He claims to have been an officer, but there is no trace of it, nothing but connections, all humbug […]“.

 

 

Koerner, Gustave:

US-Politiker; 1809-1896; stammt aus Deutschland; der bedeutendste Führer der Deutschen im St. Clair County / Illinois (gegenüber von St. Louis). Koerner war Lieutenant Governor von Illinois von 1853-1857; ursprünglich Democrat, er wechselte während seiner Amtszeit zur Republican Party (vgl. Morrison: "History of the 9th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry", a.a.O., S. ix; Cole: The Era of the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 25).

 

Literatur:

- Koerner, Gustave: Memoirs of Gustave Koerner, 1809-1896. Life sketches written at the suggestion of his children. Edited by Thomas J. McCormack, 2 volumes (Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 1909)

- McCormack, Thomas J. (ed): Memoirs of Gustave Koerner (Cedar Rapis: Torch Press, 1909)

 

 

Koltes, John A.:

US-Col; Regimentskomandeur 73rd Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. National Park Service M554 Roll 16).

 

Born in Prussia in 1823; fled to US after the failed revolutions of 1848; Mexican War veteran, then joined US Marines; outspoken representative of immigrants in the US; raised the 73d NYSV; KIA Aug. 30, 1862 at Gainesville, VA, never having received the brigadier general's commission that was on its way to him. He was buried at Glenwood Cemetery in Philadelphia and reinterment was in Glenwood Memorial Gardens Cemetery. September 5. Funeral of Col. John A. Koltes. soldier, born in Rhenish Prussia in 1823; died near Gainesville, Virginia, 30 August, 1862. He came to this country in 1846, and served throughout the Mexican war as orderly sergeant. After its close he became an officer of the marine corps, and was subsequently employed in the United States mint in Philadelphia. At the opening of the civil war he raised and commanded a regiment of Germans. He was killed at the battle of Gainesville, Virginia. He had been acting brigadier general in General Adolph Von Steinwehr's division for four months, and his friends who had secured his promotion to this rank were carrying his commission, when they met his body as it was borne from the battle field (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

Col John A. Koltes (vgl. www.findagrave.com)

 

 

Kuhn, John H.:

US-Major, zunächst Captain 9th Illinois Infantry (vgl. Morrison: The Ninth Regiment, a.a.O., S. 13).Ab 9.9.1861 als Provost Marshall eingesetzt in Paducah / Kentucky (vgl. Morrison, a.a.O., S. 16). Major 9th Illinois Infantry am 2.12.1861 (vgl. Morrison, a.a.O., S. 16).

 

 

Kühner, Karl Friedrich (Keener, Charles F.):

US-Pvt, Co. L, 6th Regiment Ohio Light Cavalry (vgl. National Park Service M552 Roll 27). Kühner enlisted am 16.10.1861 (vgl. Kamphoefner, Walter and Helbich, Wolfgang (eds.): Germans in the Civil War: The Letters They Wrote Home, a.a.O., S. 293 n. 5).

 

Kühner stammte aus Baden und war 1851 zusammen mit seinem 16 Jahre alten Bruder Ludwig Wilhelm *Kühner aus Unters­chefflenz/Baden in die USA nach Albany/NY eingewandert. Mitte der 1850er Jahre zogen die Brüder Kühner nach Ohio, wobei Lud­wig Kühner sich in Thompson/Ohio niederließ, während sein Bruder Karl Friedrich Kühner nach Trumbull/Ohio zog (vgl. Kampho­efner, Walter and Helbich, Wolfgang (eds.): Germans in the Civil War: The Letters They Wrote Home, a.a.O., S. 292).

 

 

Kühner, Ludwig Wilhelm (Keener, Louis W.):

US-Corporal, 15th Independent Battery, Ohio Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 57). He enlisted on 3.11.1861 (vgl. Kamphoefner, Walter and Helbich, Wolfgang (eds.): Germans in the Civil War: The Letters They Wrote Home, a.a.O., S. 293 n. 5); er musterte nach Ablauf des 3-years-service 10.11.1864 aus (vgl. Kamphoefner, Walter and Helbich, Wolfgang (eds.): Germans in the Civil War: The Letters They Wrote Home, a.a.O., S. 294 n. 7)

 

US-Corporal aus Ohio (vgl. Engle, Stephen D.: „Yankee Dutchmen“. Germans, the Union, and the Construction of a Wartime Identity; in: Ural, Susan­nah J. (ed.): Civil War Citizens: Race, Ethnicity, and Identity in America's Bloodiest Contest, a.a.O, S. 17); Kühner stammte aus Baden und war 1851 im Alter von 16 Jahren zusammen mit seinem 23 Jahre alten Bruder Karl Friedrich *Kühner aus Unterschefflenz/Baden in die USA nach Albany/NY eingewandert. Mitte der 1850er Jahre zogen die Brüder Kühner nach Ohio, wobei Ludwig Kühner sich in Thompson/Ohio niederließ, während sein Bruder Karl Friedrich Kühner nach Trumbull/Ohio zog (vgl. Kamphoefner, Walter and Helbich, Wolfgang (eds.): Germans in the Civil War: The Letters They Wrote Home, a.a.O., S. 292).

 

Ludwig Kühner änderte seinen Namen in Louis Keener (vgl. Kamphoefner, Walter and Helbich, Wolfgang (eds.): Germans in the Civil War: The Letters They Wrote Home, a.a.O., S. 293) bzw. Lewis W. Keener (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 57).

 

 

Langheinrich, Ludolph:

s. Ludolph *Longhenry

 

 

Lehmann, Hermann August (D):

CS-Pvt (?); Co. A (Nathusius), Waul's Texas Legion (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 450 n4), bzw. Co. C, Waul's Legion (vgl. Grabstein-Inschrift bei www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 9.6.2016).

 

Lehmann wurde im August 1862 discharged wegen Krankheit, but was conscripted again toward the end of the war (vgl. Kamphoef­ner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 468 n32).

 

14.9.1834 Havelberg/Brandenburg/Germany (Geburtsort err. aus den Angaben zu Louis *Lehmann bei Kamphoefner/Helbich: Ger­man in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 448) - † 27.7.1866; beerd. Ludwig Lehmann Family Cemetery, Brenham, Washington County/Texas; S. v. Ludwig Lehmann (23.11.1794 Wien - † 28.2.1855 Brenham/Texas [Angaben lt. Grabkreuz auf dem Lehmann Cemetery, Bren­ham, Washington County/Texas, s. Photo bei www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 9.6.2016]) und Caroline Zeye Lehmann (1801 See­hausen/A. - † 27.4.1853 Brenham/Texas [Angaben lt. Grabkreuz auf dem Lehmann Cemetery, Brenham, Washington County/Texas, s. Photo bei www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 9.6.2016]) (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 9.6.2016).

 

Hermann Lehmann wanderte 1849 mit seinen Eltern und drei Brüdern (Louis Carl *Lehmann, Julius Albert *Lehmann und Gustav Adolph Lehmann) 1849 nach Brenham/Texas aus: Der ältere Bruder Louis Lehmann übernahm die elterliche Farm und zahlte 1860 seine Brüder aus und führte die gutgehende Farm mit Baumwollanbau fort (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 449).

 

 

Lehmann, Julius Albert:

CS-Pvt; Co. B, Waul's Texas Legion (vgl. National Park Soldiers M227 Roll 21), bzw. Co. A (Nathusius), Waul's Texas Legion (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 450 n4); Bruder von Hermann Lehmann (Co. A (Nathusius), Waul's Texas Legion (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 450 n4) und von Louis *Lehmann (Co. D, 37th Regiment Texas Cavalry [Terrell's]) (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 450 n4).

 

26.9.1831 Havelberg/Brandenburg/Germany (Geburtsort err. aus den Angaben zu Louis *Lehmann bei Kamphoefner/Helbich: Ger­man in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 448 und Angaben auf dem Grabkreuz seines Bruders Gustav Adolph Lehmann, geb. 7.9.1827 Havel­berg [vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 9.6.2016]) - † 29.9.1895; beerd. Ludwig Lehmann Family Cemetery, Brenham, Wa­shington County/Texas; S. v. Ludwig Lehmann (23.11.1794 Wien - † 28.2.1855 Brenham/Texas [Angaben lt. Grabkreuz auf dem Lehmann Cemetery, Bren­ham, Washing­ton County/Texas, s. Photo bei www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 9.6.2016]) und Caroline Zeye Lehmann (1801 See­hausen/A. - † 27.4.1853 Brenham/Texas [Angaben lt. Grabkreuz auf dem Lehmann Cemetery, Brenham, Washington County/Texas, s. Photo bei www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 9.6.2016]) (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 9.6.2016).

 

°° I mit Wilhelmine Rosenberg Lehmann (1834-1861); °° II Charlotte Klatt Lehmann (1834-1918) (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 9.6.2016).

 

Julius Lehmann wanderte mit seinen Eltern und drei Brüdern (Louis Carl *Lehmann, Hermann August *Lehmann und Gustav Adolph Lehmann) 1849 nach Brenham/Texas aus: Der ältere Bruder Louis Lehmann übernahm die elterliche Farm und zahlte 1860 seine Brüder aus und führte die gutgehende Farm mit Baumwollanbau fort (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 449).

 

 

Lehmann, Louis (Karl Ludwig) (D):

CS-Pvt; Co. D, 37th Regiment Texas Cavalry (Terrell's); Co. D wurde später transferred in 35th Texas Cavalry (Liken's) (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 452 n8). Zu seiner Verpflichtung in der CS-Army schreibt Lehm an in seinem zusammenfassenden Bericht vom Januar 1866 an seinen Schwager Friedrich Clausmeier, Gefängnisaufseher in Gefängnis Lüneburg: „Dearest brother-in-law, […) much as I hated to, I had to join the army and fight for a cause I never approved of […]“ (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 473).

 

Zunächst First Sergeant in einer militia brigade; vereidigt am 1.1.1863 für eine Dienstzeit von 3 months (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 450 n5; vgl. Texas Confederate Records, Reel 3, Texas State A).

 

Im Battle of Masura/Louisiana (Red River Campaign) am 15.5.1864 geriet Pvt Lehmann von der „35th Regt Tex Cav.“ bei Marksville in Kriegsgefangenschaft und wurde in einem Gefange­nenlager in New Orleans inhaftiert (vgl. Brief Lehmann an „Beloved Friederieke'“ vom 15.6.1864, abgedruckt bei Kamphoefner/Hel­bich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 469-470). Ludwig Lehmann's entry in the Roll of Prisoners of War of the Union Army gives the wrong date of Capture (18.4.1864) but the correct date of his exchange (22.7.1864) (vgl. Lehmann's Roll of Prisoner, National Archives, Washington/DC, abgedruckt bei Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 470 mit Hinweis auf das feh­lerhafte Datum).

 

25.12.1824 Havelberg/Brandenburg (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 449) - † 23.4.1904; beerd. Ludwig Lehmann Family Cemetery, Brenham, Washington County/Texas (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 9.6.2016); S. v. Ludwig Lehmann (23.11.1794 Wien - † 28.2.1855 Brenham/Texas [Angaben lt. Grabkreuz auf dem Lehmann Cemetery, Bren­ham, Washing­ton County/Texas, s. Photo bei www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 9.6.2016]) und Caroline Zeye Lehmann (1801 See­hausen/A. - † 27.4.1853 Brenham/Texas [Angaben lt. Grabkreuz auf dem Lehmann Cemetery, Brenham, Washington County/Texas, s. Photo bei www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 9.6.2016]) (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 9.6.2016).

 

Karl Ludwig Lehmann geb. 25.12.1824 Havelberg/Brandenburg; wanderte mit seinen Eltern und seinen 3 jüngeren Brüdern 1849 nach Brenham/Texas aus; Farmer; °° 1854 mit Friederike Clausmeier aus Westfalen/German, übernahm die elterliche Farm und zahlte 1860 seine Brüder aus und führte die gutgehende Farm mit Baumwollanbau fort (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 449); Bruder von Julius *Lehmann und Bruder von Hermann Lehmann (Co. A (Nathusius), Waul's Texas Legion (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 450 n4).

 

Photo:

- Kamphoefner/Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 450 (Louis Lehmann),. S. 451 (Friederike Lehmann geb. Clausmeier)

- www.findagrave.com: Louis Lehmann

 

 

Lentz, John:

US-Captain; 91st Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. Beardon: Humphreys Pennsylvania Division; in: Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 101).

 

 

Leuschner, Charles A.:

CS-Sergeant; Co. B, 6th Regiment Texas Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M227 Roll 21). Leuschner was a German Immigrant who fought with the 6th Texas. His diary details some of the fiercest military action of the Civil War.

 

Literatur:

- Leuschner, Charles A. (6th Texas): The Civil War Diary of Charles A. Leuschner, Sixth Texas Infantry (Eakin Press), 128 pp, Notes, Maps, Roster. Edited by Charles Spurlin

 

 

Lineback, Julius Augustus:

auch Linebach (vgl. Hess: Lee's Tar Heels, a.a.O., S. 10; 8.9.1834 Forsyth County/NC - † 21.2.1930 Winston-Salem/NC (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com); CS-Musician, Co. F&S, 26th North Carolina Infantry Regimen (vgl. National Park Service M230 Roll 23).

 

Julius A. Lineback of Haw River and Winston-Salem, N.C., was a member of the marching band attached to the 26th North Carolina Regiment during the Civil War. The collection consists of three volumes relating to Julius A. Lineback. Included are Lineback's war­time diary, about 200 pages; an expanded version of that diary, with photographs and drawings, including sketches made in the field by regimental artist, Alexander C. Meinung, materials relating to reunions and other activities of Confederate veterans, and other scrapbook material added by Lineback, probably after 1900, about 390 pages; and a third volume containing extracts from the expan­ded diary, which were published in the " Winston-Salem Sentinel" in 1914. This last volume also contains North Carolina and Confe­derate currency issued during the Civil War. In the various versions of the diary, Lineback discussed, in some detail, movements of his regiment; camp life; engagements with Federal troops, including the Battle of Gettysburg; care of battle casualties, band members also functioning as medical aids; musical activities of the band; and other related matters (vgl. http://www2.lib. unc.edu/mss/inv/l/Li­neback,J.A.html).

 

Sohn von John Henry Lineback (12.2.1796 Salem - † 10.8.1870 Winston-Salem / NC) und Elizabeth Snider (25.12.1795 bei Friedland - † 7.7.1865 Salem); °° mit Anna Sophia Vogler Lineback (1846-1925) (vgl. http://www. findagra­ve.com).

 

Großeltern: John Leinbach (11.1.1768 Bethania, Forsyth County / NC - † 15.7.1838 Winston-Salem / NC) und Elisabeth Transou Linebach (2.3.1769 Bethania / NC - † 25.7.1843 Winston-Salem);

 

Urgroßeltern: Ludwig Leinbach (2.1.1743 Oley, Berks Co., PA . † 10.9.1800 Bethabara, Stokes Co, PA) und (°° 3.10.1766) Anna Barbara Lauer (geb. 12.3.1747) (vgl. geneanet.org/artner67); Johann Philipp Transou (1.11.1724 Mutterstadt/Pfalz - † 19.4.1793 Bethania /NC) und Mary Magdalena Gander Transou (18.2.1739 in Elsaß [Grabsteinaufschrift 'Alsace'] – † 12.11.1803 Bethania / NC) (vgl. http://www. findagra­ve.com); Das Ehepaar Transou / Gander ist came to North Carolina in 1762, leaving Bethlehem PA on April 20th, going on the sloop Elizabeth from Philadelphia to Wilmington NC, and from there by wagon to Bethabara, arriving on June 6th after seven weeks of travel. On July 26th they moved into a new home in Bethania (http://www.fmoran.com/transou.html)

 

2xUrgroßeltern: Johannes Leinbach (13.2.1712 Hochstadt/Wetterau – 14.3.1766 Bethania, Forsythe Co/NC) und Anna Catharina Riehm (19.1.1716 Leimen - † 5.11.1803 Wachovia, Bethania, Forsythe Co./NC); Abraham Transou (ca. 1700 Mutterstadt; ausgewandert in die USA ca. 1730) und (°° 1721 ref. Mutterstadt) Elisabeth Muschler (http://www.fmoran.com/transou.html).

 

3xUrgroßeltern: Johannes Leinbach (9.3.1674 Langenselbold - † 20.11.1747 Nazareth, Northampton Co. / PA) und (°° 2.10.1700 Altenhaßlau) Anna Elisabeth Kleiss (2.2.1680 Eidengesäß - † 25.4.1765 Nazareth, Northampton Co. / PA); Johann Eberhard Riehm (6.10.1687 Leimen – 22.8.1779 Muddy Creek, Twp, Reamstown, Lacaster Co. /PA);

 

4xUrgroßeltern: Hans Andreas Riehm (1642 Lemen - † 19.2.1719 Leimen) und Maria Werynant (ca. 1645 Leimen - † ca. 1699 Leimen)

 

Julius Linebach had worked as a bookkeeper for the Haw River Miils in Alamance County (vgl. Hess: Lee's Tar Heels, a.a.O., S. 10).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Lineback, Julius: „Extract From a Civil War Diary“. Twin Cities Daily Sentinel, 14.6.1914-3.4.1915

- Lineback, Julius Augustus: Papers, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Wilson Library, Collection No. 04547.

 

 

Longhenry, Ludolph:

US-Musician; Co. C, 7th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 18). 17.10.1821 - † 26.8.1899; beerd. Hillside Cemetery, Platteville, Grant County, Wisconsin (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 15.6.2016). Geboren als Ludolph Langheinrich in Germany; Bruder von Erhart Langheinrich und Kaspar Langheinrich; Ludolph Langheinrich emigrierte 1857 in die USA (vgl. https://www.geni.com, Abruf vom 15.6.2016).

 

°° 1866 mit Wilhelmine Rogers (vgl. http://www.longhenry.com/family)

 

Photo:

- http://www.longhenry.com/family/album/ludolph.htm

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Longhenry, Ludolph: A Yankee Piper in Dixie: Civil War diary of Ludolph Longhenry, Platteville, Grant Co. Wisconsin (Towlston Grange, 1967)

 

 

Marold, George T. (D):

CS-Captain; Co. E,16th Regiment Texas Infantry (Flournoy's) (vgl. National Park Service M227 Roll 23).

 

Der Silberschmied G. T. Marold stammte aus Deutschland und wanderte 1851 von Altenburg (Thüringen ?) in die USA aus (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 470n35).

 

 

Mersy, August:

US-BrigGen; geboren in Deutschland - 1866; 1838 Kadett in Karlsruhe, Großherzog Baden; badischer Leutnant 1840, Oberleutnant 1842, 1844 Adjutant und Stabsoffizier; 1847 Regimentsadjutant bis 1849. Bei Ausbruch der Revolution 1848 stand Mersy gegen die Revolution, schloß sich jedoch 1849 den Aufständischen an und wurde Oberst der Revolutionsarmee, zeitweise war er Kriegsminister der Revolutionsregierung. Brigadekommandeur der 2. Brigade. Nach dem Zusammenbruch der Revolution floh Mersy über die Schweiz in die USA, wo er 1849 immigierte. Mersy ließ sich in Belleville, St. Clair County / Illinois (gegenüber von St. Louis, Missouri) nieder und wurde Bankangestellter und auch öffentlicher Notar. Captain Co. A 9th Illinois Infantry am 19.4.1861; seine Wahl zum Col wurde u.a. vom Sprecher der Deutschen im St. Clair County, Gustave *Koerner verhindert, wegen der nur begrenzten Sprachkenntnisse Mersy's. Zunächst wurde Eleazar A. *Paine zum Col gewählt. Mersy wurde LtCol 9th Illinois Infantry 26.4.1861, zunächst für 3 Monate. Am 25.6.1861 schied er nach Ablauf der 3monatigen Dienstzeit bei Auflösung des 3-Month-Regiments aus und trat sofort noch am selben Tag in die 9th Illinois Infantry (3-Years-Service) als LtCol ein. Nach der Beförderung von Col *Paine zum BrigGen wurde Mersy zum Col 9th Illinois Infantry am 2.12.1861 ernannt (vgl. Morrison: "History of the 9th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry", a.a.O., S. ix, 98). BrigGen; Brigadekommandeur 2nd Brig 2nd Division Army of the Tennessee, 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division District Corinth Army of the Tennessee; 2nd Brigade District Corinth XIII Army Corps; 2nd Brigade District Corinth XVII Army Corps; 2nd Brigade District Corinth XVI Army Corps; Left Wing XVI Army Corps; 2nd Brigade 2nd Division XVI Army Corps; 2nd Division XVI Army Corps (vgl. Boatner, a.a.O., S. 545; bei Warner ist Mersy nicht aufgeführt). Ausgemustert 20.8.1864.

 

Mersy war im Dezember 1862 in Corinth stationiert. Am 12.12.1862 erhielt Mersy von BrigGen Grenville M. *Dodge den Befehl, im Rahmen von Dickey's Raid gegen die Mobile & Ohio Railroad mit 9th Illinois Infantry, 81st Ohio Infantry, Co. I 1st Missouri Artillery und Detachments der 5th Ohio Cavalry und Ford's Independent Cavalry Company am 13.12.1862 von Corinth mit leichter Ausrüstung aus nach Süden östlich entlang der Mobile & Ohio Railroad vorzustoßen bis Saltillo, wo er am 15.12.1862 eintreffen mußte. Von dort sollte Mersy weiter nach Süden vorfühlen, um bei Tupelo mit Dickey zusammenzutreffen, der mit seiner Cavylry von *Spring Dale (südlich von Oxford) nach Osten gegen die Mobile & Ohio Raidroad vorstieß (vgl. Bearss, Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., I 276-277).

 

Bei den CS-Raids vom Dezember 1862 (Van Dorn's Raid gegen Holly Springs und ++++) wurde Mersy mit der 9th Illinois Infantry, 81st Ohio Infantry, Detachments der 5th Ohio Cavalry, Ford's Independent Cavalry Company und Company I 1st Missouri Light Artillery alarmiert und nahm die Suche nach den durchgebrochenen CS-Raiders von Corinth aus auf; ++++ (vgl. Bearss, Vicksburg Campaign, a.a.O., S. 277, 281, 282, 284, 301; in der Bibliographie S. 753 wird er fehlerhaft mit "Col Merry" verzeichnet).

 

Literatur:

- Hess, Earl J.: "The Obscurity of August Mersy: A German-American in the Civil War," Illinois Historical Journal 79 (1986), S. 127-28

- Morrison, Marion: "History of the 9th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry" (Orignialausgabe John S. Clark, Monmouth / Illinois, 1864; reprint Southern Illinois University Press, Carbonsdale and Edwardsville 1997), Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik141

 

 

Miller, Louis W.:

CS-Pvt; Battery F, 2nd Regiment Illinois Light Artillery (vgl. National Park Service M539 Roll 62).

 

Er wanderte als 'Ludwig Müller' im Frühling 1853 aus Massenheim bei Frankfurt/M. nach Missouri zu dort lebenden Verwandten aus und arbeitete als Schneider; bald zog nach Cape Girardeau/MO.; °° im Juli 1860 mit Caroline Essig aus Bayern. Er trat am 11.10. 1861 in Battery F, 2nd Regiment Illinois Light Artillery ein (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 363-366).

 

 

Müller, August:

CS-Pvt (?); wohl Texas militia brigade; erwähnt in einem Brief von Pvt Louis *Lehmann vom 8.3.1863; Lehmann war am 1.1.1863 als First Sergeant für eine Dienstzeit von 3 months vereidigt worden (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 450 n5; vgl. Texas Confederate Records, Reel 3, Texas State A). Offenbar war Mueller fahnenflüchtig geworden, denn Lehmann schreibt in seinem Brief an „Beloved Friederike“ vom 8.3.1863: „A. Müller can brag about his smartness as much as he wants, but when he gets here he'll have to stroll right into the guardhouse“ (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 451).

 

Louis Lehmann, im Spätjahr 1863 Pvt in Co.D, 37th Regiment Texas Cavalry (und ab 26.11.1863 Co. D 35th Regiment Texas Cavalry [vgl. dazu Brief Lehmanns an „Beloved Friederike“; in Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 456]), erwähnt in einem Schreiben an „Beloved Friederieke“ vom 22.11.1863: „The other day I went with A. Müller down to the Hempstead railroad Depot“ (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 456). Also muß, wenn es sich bei „A. Müller“ um August Müller gehandelt hat, dieser nunmehr Pvt in Co. D, 35th Regiment Texas Cavalry gewesen sein.

 

August Müller from Brandenburg belonged to the same congregation (Ebenezer Church, Washington County/Texas) as *Lehmann (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 451 Anm. 6 mit S. 452 Anm. 7).

 

 

Nathusius, Otto:

CS-Major; Co's B,F,S, Timmons' Infantry Regiment / Waul's Texas Legion; der aus Deutschland stammende Nathusius trat Captain in Waul's Texas Legion ein (vgl. National Park Service M227 Roll 27); Waul's Texas Legion bestand aus einem Cavalry Battalion und Timmons' Infantry Regiment, zu dem Nathusius gehörte (vgl. National Park Service M227 Roll 27).

 

Otto Nathusius was born on October 16, 1829, in Koslin, Pomerania, Germany, and immigrated to New York City from London in 1850. On June 19, 1855, he married Sarah Fox (Fuchs) in Harris County, Texas. He became a naturalized United States citizen in New York City on January 31, 1857. By 1860 he lived in Houston, where he worked as a merchant. Nathusius and Sarah had three children: Francis, Henrietta, and Berthold (vgl. https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fna30).

 

Nathusius enlisted as a captain in Company B of Waul's Texas Legion at Camp Waul near Brenham on March 31, 1862. Waul's Legion was ordered to Vicksburg shortly thereafter. Nathusius was detached to Luckett's Brigade on special assignment and returned to Velasco, Texas, by January 1863. He was promoted to major on January 2, 1864. It is presumed that he spent the remainder of the war in Texas vgl. https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fna30).

 

Nathusius returned to Berlin, Germany, after the war and died there on May 7, 1900.

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Houston Tri-Weekly Telegraph, April 4, 1862

- Kaufmann: Deutsche im Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 572

- Kamphoefner, Walter D. and Wolfgang Johannes Helbich, Germans in the Civil War: The Letters They Wrote Home (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006)

- Lonn, Ella: Foreigners in the Confederacy (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1940; rpt., 2002)

 

 

Neinast, Christoph:

CS-Pvt (?); Co. D, 35th Regiment, Texas Cavalry (Likens') (vgl. National Park Soldiers M227 Roll 27; wo der Vorname nur mit 'C.' genannt ist; dagegen nennt Kamphoefner/Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 455 n15 den Vornamen 'Christoph'; vgl. auch Brief von Louis *Lehmann an „Beloved Friederike“ vom 8.11.1863, in dem Neinast als „German friend“ erwähnt wird, abgedruckt bei Kamphoefner/Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 455). Christoph Neinast war wie Louis *Lehmann Mitglied der (Ebe­nezer Church, Washington County/Texas) (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 451 Anm. 6 mit S. 452 Anm. 7).

 

21.4.1833 - † 14.2.1880 Texas/USA; beerd. Saint Pauls Lutheran Church Cemetery, Rehburg, Washington County/Texas; °° Dorothea Doekel Neinast (18.1.1838 Germany - † 23.12.1879 Texas; beerd. Saint Pauls Lutheran Church Cemetery, Rehburg, Washington County/Texas) (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 9.6.2016).

 

 

Noll, Emmanuel:

US-Pvt; 123rd Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 91)

 

Literatur:

- Noll, Emmanuel: „Allabach‘s Brigade. It Attacked at Fredericksburg Before Tyler’s Brigade, and Went Farther,” National Tribune, October 1, 1908

 

 

Peissner, Elias:

US-Col; 119th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Service M551 Roll 109); mustered in: September 4, 1862
Mustered out: June 7, 1865 (vgl. Phisterer, Frederick: New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912).

 

Peissner studierte in München Jura und war an der Revolution 1849/49 beteiligt. When the revolutions of 1848 struck Munich, the majority of students took the republican side, but Peissner and his fraternity rallied to the King. Peissner was expelled from the university, and Ludwig briefly ordered the university closed in February, but Ludwig abdicated in March, and Peissner was forced to leave Bavaria. He accompanied Montez to Switzerland, but she later moved to London and left him behind. Although Ludwig corresponded with Peissner and gave him money for his education, Peissner decided to start over again in the United States. Working as a tutor, Peissner met Professor Charles Foster of Union College, who arranged his appointment as instructor of German and Latin in 1850.He also taught fencing. In 1855 he was appointed Professor of German Language and Literature, despite anti-Catholic sentiment at the college, and in 1857 became Lecturer in Political Economy, the forerunner of today’s economics discipline. He was elected to Phi Beta Kappa and also joined Sigma Phi. He married Margaret Lewis, daughter of Professor Tayler Lewis, in 1856; they had three children. He wrote grammars of German and the Romance languages and a history of German literature. He also became involved in politics, calling for the North to resist Southern secession his 1861 book, The American Question (vgl. Union College Schenectady / New York, Schaffer Library http://www.union.edu/library/collections/digital-collections/notables/notables-archive/ Peissner-Elias).

 

Colonel Elias Peissner received authority, June 26, 1862, to recruit this regiment; it was organized in New York City, and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years September 4 and 5, 1862. The companies were recruited principally: A; Halleck Guard, B, Q, D; Sigel Life Guard, Siegel Sharpshooters; E, F, G, I and K in New York City, and H at Hempstead. The men not mustered out with the regiment were transferred to the load Infantry June 7, 1865. The regiment left the State September 6, 1862; served in the defenses of Washington, from September, 1862; in the 2d Brigade, 3d Division, 11th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from October, 1862; in the 2A Brigade, 2d Division, 20th Corps, Army of the Cumberland, from April, 1864; and was honorably discharged and mustered out, under Col. John T. Lockman, June 7, 1865, near Bladensburg, Md. (vgl. Phisterer, Frederick: New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912).

 

In der Schlacht von Chancellorsville hatte Peissner seine Männer „safely“ eingesetzt und „was resisting the onslaught of the rebel after Devens (Divisionskommandeur) had been compelled to retreat. At the first attack, Peisner fell besinde his men, pierced with tw balls“ (vgl. Hamlin: Battle of Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 39).

 

5.9.1825 Vilseck / Bayern – † 2.5.1863 gef. Battle of Chancellorsville; Son of Jacob and Katharina Kotzbauer-Peissner; °° Mar­garet Lewis Peissner (1836 - 1904) (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Photo:

Col Elias Peissner (vgl. New York State Military Museum and Veteran Research Center)

 

 

Pfeifer, Pvt:

CS-Pvt; 1st Tennessee Infantry, Co. E; Co E. wurde als ‘German Yagers” bezeichnet (vgl. Watkins: Co. Aytch, a.a.O., S. 32).

 

 

Raith, Julius:

US-Col; in der Shiloh-Campaign 1862 Col und Regimentskommandeur 43rd Illinois Infantry 3rd Brigade 1st Division MajGen John A McClernand in Grant's Army of the Tennessee; Teilnahme am Mexikokrieg; Geschäftsführer einer Getreidemühle; er hatte nur ge­ringe militärische Erfahrung, Am 6.4.1862 war Raith Brigadekommandeur der 3rd Brigade 1st Division MajGen John A McClernand in Grant's Army of the Tennessee. Der reguläre Brigadekommandeur Col Leonard F. Ross hatte gerade seine Frau verloren und be­fand sich wegen der Beerdigung in Illinois; der Interimskommandeur Col J. S. Reardon war am 6.4.1862 plötzlich erkrankt, weshalb die Führung der Brigade an Col Raith als rangältestetem Col fiel (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 177).

 

 

Rassiga, August:

US-Corporal; Co. B, 9th New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Service M551 Roll 115), Bruder von Eugen *Rassiga (vgl. Kukatzki, Bernhard: "Pfälzer im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg", Teil II, in: Pfälzisch-Rheinische Familienkunde 2003, Heft 5, S. 299). † Mai 1888, beerd. Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, Kings County, New York (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com).

 

 

Rassiga, Eugen:

US-Pvt; Co. B, 9th New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Service M551 Roll 115). Bruder von August Rassiga wanderte 1849 in die USA ein, wohl aus der Pfalz stammend. 9th New York Infantry (Hawkin's Zouaves). † gef. 17.9.1862 Battle of Antietam / Maryland (vgl. Maryland. Board of Trustees of the Antietam National Cemetery, Western Maryland Regional Library; www.whilbr.org). Seinen Tod beschreibt sein Bruder August *Rassiga, der im selben Regiment diente, in einem Brief (vgl. Kukatzki, Bernhard: "Pfälzer im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg", Teil II, in: Pfälzisch-Rheinische Familienkunde 2003, Heft 5, S. 299).

 

 

Rauscher, Frank:

US-+++; 114th Pennsylvania Infantry

 

Literatur:

- Rauscher, Frank: Music on the March .... 114th Regiment, P. V., Collis’ Zouaves (Philadelphia: Press of Wm. F. Fell & Co, 1892)

 

 

Reichard, August:

CS-Col; 20th Louisiana Infantry. Das Regiment bestand aus Deutschen und Iren aus Louisiana (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 167; Clark, Robert jr.: “The New Orleans German Colony in the Civil War.” Louisiana Historical Quarterly, vol. XX (October 1937), S. 990-1015)

 

Im Frühjahr 1862 und im Battle of Shiloh am 6.4.1862 gehörte das Regiment zur 2nd Brigade BrigGen James Patton *Anderson 1st Division BrigGenDaniel Ruggles II. Army Corps MajGen Braxton Bragg (vgl. Grant: The Opposing Forces at Shiloh; in: B&L I 539). Am Morgen des 6.4.1862 Teilnahme am Angriff von Anderson’s Brigade auf die 5th US-Division Sherman’s südlich Shiloh Church (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 167 mit Karte S. 166).

 

 

Remmel, William:

US-Sgt; Co I 121st New York Infantry; Born on February 22, 1843, in Hermicke, Germany, William Remmel emigrated to America with the rest of his family when still a small child. The Remmels eventually settled in Devereaux, Herkimer County, New York, and William attended classes at the Fairfield Seminary, Fairfield, New York, until he entered the military during the Civil War. William enlisted in the service sometime between July 6 and August 31, 1862. He was present at both Antietam and Fredericksburg, but was not personally involved with any fighting. On April 20, 1863, William was promoted to sergeant, and by May 3, he had "seen the elephant" at Salem Chapel, Virginia. Wounded on May 10, 1864, William spent the following months in Washington, D.C., hospitals. He rejoined his regiment in August 1864 and remained at the front for the duration of his military service. On October 19, 1864, during the battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia, Remmel was captured by the enemy and sent to Andersonville prison, where he probably died a short time later.

 

- Remmel, William: Papers, 1862-1924; 205 items. Letters and documents from or pertaining to Sergeant William Remmel, Company I, 121st New York Infantry. Born on February 22, 1843, in Hermicke, Germany, William Remmel emigrated to America with the rest of his family when still a small child. The Remmels eventually settled in Devereaux, Herkimer County, New York, and William attended classes at the Fairfield Seminary, Fairfield, New York, until he entered the military during the Civil War. William enlisted in the service sometime between July 6 and August 31, 1862. He was present at both Antietam and Fredericksburg, but was not personally involved with any fighting. On April 20, 1863, William was promoted to sergeant, and by May 3, he had "seen the elephant" at Salem Chapel, Virginia. Wounded on May 10, 1864, William spent the following months in Washington, D.C., hospitals. He rejoined his regiment in August 1864 and remained at the front for the duration of his military service. On October 19, 1864, during the battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia, Remmel was captured by the enemy and sent to Andersonville prison, where he probably died a short time later. All efforts by Remmel's parents in the years following the war to determine his fate met with failure. The Remmel papers include: letters written by William to his parents, brothers, and sisters; letters written by his parents after the war attempting to find out what happened to him; military documents pertaining to the 121st Infantry; and pension claims. (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville: Manuscript Resources for the Civil War, Compiled by Kim Allen Scott, 1990).

 

 

Rempel, F. F.:

US-LtCol, im Frühjahr 1862 Regimentskommandeur 58th Ohio Infantry

 

Das Regiment war bei der Eroberung von *Fort Donelson eingesetzt (Catton, Grant moves South, a.a.O., S. 151, 153) und gehörte zur Brigade John *Thayer, 3rd Division BrigGen Lew, Wallace in Grant’s Army of the Tennessee (vgl. Grant, U. S.: The Opposing Forces at Fort Donelson; in: B&L, vol. I, a.a.O., S. 429).

 

 

Rentschler, Gottfried:

US- Captain; Co. E&G, 6th Regiment Kentucky Infantry (vgl. National Park service M386 Roll 12).

 

Rentschler wohnte in Louisville, promoted 3/1/1862 from Private to Quartermaster Sergeant, reduced 6/10/1862 from Quartermaster Sgt. to Private, Company E, promoted 8/16/1864 to Captain of Company G (vgl. http://6thkentuckyus.yolasite.com/rosters.php, Abruf vom 11.6.2016).

 

Literatur:

- Reinhart, Joseph R., ed. and trans.: Two Germans in the Civil War: The Diary of John Daeuble and the Letters of Gottfried Rentsch­ler, 6th Kentucky Volunteer Infantry (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2004)

 

 

Rhein, Christian:

US-Pvt; 123rd Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. Gallagher u.a.: Fredericksburg, a.a.O., S. 87)

 

Literatur:

- Rhein, Christian: "The 123rd PA.," National Tribune, July 11, 1907

 

 

Rossi, Robert:

US-Corporal; Co. K, 8th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 120).

 

On 23.4.1861 Rossi signed up for 2 years in the German regiment commanded by Louis Blenker, the 8th New York Infantry Volunteers. He became a bugler, and in September 1861 he was made a corporal, but as early as 30.6.1862, he resigned from the army on the grounds of nearsightedness (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: Germans in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 80).

 

Rossi's Familie stammte ursprünglich aus Italien; sein Großvater Guiseppe Rossi, who made optical instruments, left Como / Italy and moved to Stockholm. His son Joseph was the personal physician attending the Swedish royal family, but for reasons that are un­clear, he was banished from Sweden in 1810 and then settled in Schwerin/Mecklenburg. His only son, Robert, was born there in 1831. Robert's father, private teacher, and the local secondary school tried all to educate Robert Rossi without any remarcable suc­cess, although Robert did manage to finish an apprenticeship as a clerk. He changed jobs frequently and then decided in 1858 to im­migrate to America (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: Germans in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 79).

 

Photo:

- Kamphoefner/Helbich: Germans in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 80

 

 

Ruff, Charles A.:

US-Pvt; Co. G, 41st Missouri Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M390 Roll 41). Sein ursprünglicher Name war Carl Anton Ruff (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 366).

 

Carl Anton Ruff was born 1832 in Hohenzollern-Hechingen; he grew up in a wealthy Catholic family; his father was a high-ranking treasury official, and Carl and his three brothers studied at the universities of Tübingen und Freiburg. Carl, at least, did not graduate, and because of some unknown transgression, he left for the United States in the mid-1850s and lived in St. Louis. Ruff schloß sich der 41st Missouri Infantry am 13.8.1864 an und wurde als Pvt im Juli 1865 ausgemustert (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 333-370).

 

 

Ruff, Charles Hilmar:

31.8.1833 Braunschweig - † 26.4.1892 Sealy, Austin County/Texas (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com); CS-Captain/Acting Quarter­master, Co. G, F and S, 2nd Texas Infantry Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M227 Roll 31).

 

°° 14.12.1865 in Galveston/Texas mit Irene A. Delacroix Ruff (1836 - 1903) (vgl. http://www.findagrave.com)

 

Charles H. Ruff of Beaumont was apparently conscripted sometime in 1862, he was in a Conscript Camp on the Gulf Coast & enlis­ted in the2nd Texas on 28 OCT 1862 in Jan of 1863 he transferred to the 2nd Texas Co G. He served in the siege of Vicksburg and was paroled 07 JUL 1863, came back to Texas and rejoined the reconstituted 2nd Texas where he was made an acting Commissary Sgt of Co G in NOV 1863. Promoted to Commissary Sgt in Jan 1864 he transferred to the regimental NCO staff. Transferred to Bri­gade staff in Houston in March 1864 he applied for and received a Captains position and Asst Quartermaster in April 1864. Last re­cords for him are dated March 1865 LOC (vgl. http://civilwartalk.com/threads/pvt-c-w-ruff-2nd-texas-infantry.110052).

 

Photo:

CS-Pvt Charles H. Ruff Co. G, F and S, 2nd Texas Infantry Regiment, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C.

 

 

Ruff, Joseph R.:

US-+++; 12th Michigan Infantry (?); Anm. Ruff ist zitiert bei Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 350 Anm. 2 zu S. 143 iVm mit Karte S. 146; im Rückschluß hieraus ergibt sich die 12th Michigan Infantry)

 

Literatur:

- **Ruff, Joseph R.: "Civil War Experiences of a German Emigrant. As Told by the Late Joseph Ruff of albion." (Michigan History Magazine, vol. XXVII (1943), S. 271-301

 

 

Schaeffer, Anton:

CS-Pvt, Co. F, 20th Regiment Louisiana Infantry (vgl. National Park 378 Roll 26)

 

 

Schaeffer, Carl:

CS-Pvt, Co. F, 20th Regiment Louisiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Service M378 Roll 26).

 

 

Schaeffer, Charles:

CS-Pvt; Co. B, 4th Regiment Louisiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M378 Roll 26).

 

 

Schaeffer, Daniel:

CS-Pvt, Co. C, 20th Regiment Louisiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M378 Roll 26)

 

 

Schaeffer, Edward A.:

CS-Pvt, Co. D, 2nd Regiment North Carolina Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M230 Roll 35).

 

 

Schaeffer, Frank B.:

+++prüfen: ob identisch mit F. B. *Schaeffer+++

CS-Captain; Co. F, 1st Regiment Virginia Infantry (Williams Rifles) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 49).

 

 

Schaeffer, Franz:

CS-Pvt, Co. F, Griffin's Battalion, Texas Infantry (Griffin's Regiment) (21st Infantry) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M227 Roll 12)

 

 

Schaeffer, John:

CS-Pvt; Co. G, 24th Regiment Virginia Cavalry; auch als John H. Shaffer bezeichnet (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 49).

 

 

Schaeffer, John:

CS-Pvt, Co. C, 1st Regiment Missouri Infantry (CS) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M380 Roll 13)

 

 

Schaeffer, John:

CS-Pvt, Co. B, 4th Regiment Louisiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M378 Roll 26)

 

 

Schaeffer, John J.:

CS-Captain, Co. F, 26th Regiment Louisiana Infantry (M378 Roll 26).

 

 

Schaeffer, Jonas:

CS-Pvt, Co. K, 13th Regiment Arkansas Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M376 Roll 21)

 

 

Schaeffer, L. A.:

CS-Pvt, Co. E, 18th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M382 Roll 49).
 

 

Schaeffer, Luther M.:

CS-Pvt, Co. L, 4th Regiment Virginia Infantry (vgl. National Park Service M382 Roll 49).

 

 

Schaeffer, Philip W.:

CS-Pvt, Co. H, 13th Regiment Mississippi Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M232 Roll 36)

 

 

Schaeffer, Robert:

CS-Pvt, Co. L, 11th Regiment Louisiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Service M378 Roll 26).

 

 

Schaeffer, Thomas H.:

CS-Pvt; Co. D, 1st Regiment Maryland Cavalry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M379 Roll 2)

 

 

Schlitzer, Christian:

US-Second Sergeant; Co. F, 6th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (3 months, 1861) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M554 Roll 52); Co. F war vom deutschstämmigen Captain Henry I. *Hendler unter dem Namen 'Washington Yeagers of Pottsville' aufgestellt worden, in der viele Deut­sche dienten (vgl. Valuska/Keller: Damn Dutch, a.a.O., S. 215 n7).

 

Oktober 1837 in Hessen / Germany - † 11.2.1888 Pottsville, Schuylkill County/Pennsylvania; beerd. Saint John the Baptist Church Cemetery, Pottsville, Schuylkill County/Pennsylvania (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 29.6.2006).

 

Photo:

- www.findagrave.com

 

 

Schlottmann, William:

CS-Pvt (?); Co. D (?), 35th Texas Cavalry (Liken's) (Anm.: bei National Park Soldiers nicht genannt; dagegen in einem Brief von Louis Lehmann, Co. D. 35th Texas Cavalry vom 8.11.1863 aufgeführt: „also our German friends Slotmann, Sternberg and Neinast, Cramer, were waiting for us at the camp“ [vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 455 n15]).

 

Schlottmann was a farmer and father of a family, born around 1825 in Prussia, lived about thirty houses away from Lehmanns (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 455 n15).

 

 

Schoeber, Gottfried:

US-Pvt; Co. I, 6th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. Roster Co. I, 6th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry, s. Rusk: Roster Wisconsin Volunteers, a.a.O. Vol. I, S. 531; Anm. bei Herdegen/Beaudot: Bloody Railroad Cut, a.a.O., S. 45 irrig als 'Gottfried Schroeber' bezeichnet). Schoeber stammte aus Hillsborough/Wis. und enlisted am 10.5.1861; Schoeber wurde bei Gettysburg verwundet; he was discharged 24.3.1864 (vgl. Rusk: Roster Wisconsin Volunteers, a.a.O. Vol. I, S. 531).

 

 

Schurman, Gustave Albert:

US-Pvt; Co. G, 40th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 125).

 

Literatur:

- Styple, William B.: The Little Bugler. The True Story of a Twelve-Year Old Boy in the Civil War (Belle Grove Publishing). Gustav A. Schurmann was a 12 year old bugler in the 40th New York Infantry - he was a veteran of 10 battles from Bull Run to Gettysburg and was a guest at the White House where he was a companion to Tad Lincoln

 

 

Schwartz, Adolph:

US-Captain; im Spätjahr 1862 Chief-of-staff der Truppen von MajGen John A. *McClernand (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, a.a.O., Vol. I, S. 28 Anm. 16).

 

 

Schwartz, Pvt:

CS-Pvt, 1st Tennessee Infantry, Co. E; Co E wurde als ‘German Yagers’ bezeichnet (vgl. Watkins: Co. Aytch, a.a.O., S. 32).

 

 

Schwecke, Carl H.:

CS-+++; Member der German Artillery in Charleston; Schwecke stammte aus Hanover/Germany (vgl. Mehrländer, Andrea: The Germans of Charleston, Richmond and New Orleans during the Civil War Period, 1850-1870, S. 1).

 

Schwecke schoß am 20.1.1861 vor dem Mercury Building in Charleston mit der sogenannten 'Secession Gun' den ersten Salutschuß zur Begrüßung der South Carolina Sezessionserklärung ab (vgl. Mehrländer, Andrea: The Germans of Charleston, Richmond and New Orleans during the Civil War Period, 1850-1870, S. 1).

 

 

Schwecke, J. H.:

CS-Pvt; Co. A, 1st Regiment Charleston Guard, South Carolina (vgl. National Park Soldiers M381 Roll 28).

 

 

Seeger (Seiger), Ludwig (Louis):

b. 1841; Co. C 37th Illinois Infantry; trans. from 76th Ill. 1/29/64; must out 8/18/65.

 

 

Seiger, Ludwig:

s. Seeger, Ludwig

 

 

Seliger, Ambros:

US-Pvt, Co. A, 43rd Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 80).

 

 

Seliger, Edward:

US-Sergeant, Co. A, 26th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 27).

 

 

Seliger, Ernst:

US-Pvt, Co. B, 15th Regiment Missouri Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M390 Roll 43).

 

 

Seliger, Franz:

US-Pvt, Co. H, 11th Regiment New York State Militia (30 days, 1863) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 Roll 126).

 

 

Seliger, Joseph:

US-Pvt, Co. A, 12th Regiment Missouri Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M390 Roll 43).

 

 

Seliger, William:

US-Pvt. 188th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 16).

 

 

Simmers, William:

US-2ndLt; Co. G&K, 153rd Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (vgl. National Park Service M554 Roll 12).

 

1831 Hessen/Germany - † Jan. 1878 Jim Thorpe, Carbon County/PA. an einem Schlaganfall; beerd. Richmond Methodist Church Cemete­ry, Richmond, Northampton County/PA.; °° mit Lavina Beard Simmers (1831-1862) (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 11.6. 2016).

 

Photo:

- www.findagrave.com

 

Literatur:

- Simmers, William and Paul Bachschmid: The Volunteers Manual: Or Ten Months with the 153d Penn'a Volunteers (Easton, Printer, 1863)

 

 

Spiegel, Marcus M.:

US-Col; zunächst Captain, Co. C, 67th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 103), dann LtCol und später Col , Co. F&S, 120th Regiment Ohio Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M552 Roll 103)

 

120th Ohio Infantry, 9th Division Osterhaus, XIII. Army Corps McClernand während Grant's Cam­paign gegen Vicksburg 1863 (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, vol. II, S. 402). Battle of Port Gibson am 1.5.1863 (vgl. Bearss: Vicksburg, vol. II, S. 402).

 

Literatur:

- Byrne, Frank L., and Jean Powers (eds.): Your True Marcus: The Civil War Letters of a jewish Colonel (Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1985)

 

 

Steinwehr, Adolph:

US-Pvt; Co. H, 174th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Service M551 Roll 134).

 

 

Steinwehr, Adolph Wilhelm August Frederick Baron von:

US-BrigGen; 1822-77; deutschstämmig

 

Zunächst US-Col; Co. F&S, 29th Regiment New York Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M551 145). Das Regiment wurde 1861 von Steinwehr aufgestellt (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: Germans in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 45).

 

Professor Adolf Schleitner und Brüder Dupré lebten in 1846er Jahren in derselben Straße, Neuer Weg in Braunschweig“ (vgl. Kamphoefner/Helbich: Germans in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 45 Anm. 13).

 

Im Battle of Chancellorsville (30.4./5.5.1863) kommandierte Steinwehr den linken Flügel des XI Army Corps, bestehend aus den Brigaden Adolphus *Buschbeck und Francis C. Barton (vgl. Hamlin: Battle of Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 35).

 

Literatur:

- Boatner, a.a.O., S. 881

- Warner, Generals in Blue, a.a.O., S. 530-31

 

 

Steinwehr, Jacob:

US-Pvt; 76th Regiment Indiana Infantry (30 days, 1862) (vgl. National Park Soldiers M540 Roll 73).

 

 

Sternberg, Heinrich:

CS-Pvt (err.); Co. D, 35th Regiment Texas Cavalry (Likens') (vgl. National Park Service M227 Roll 35; vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 453 mit Anm. 10). Sternberg (geb. 1833) stammte aus Deutschland, war Farmer und Mitglied der Ebenezer Church, Washington County/Texas (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 453 mit Anm. 10). Louis *Lehmann, Co. D, 35th Regiment Texas Cavalry, schreibt in einem Brief vom 23.8.1863: „Sternberg went back home yester­day“ (vgl. Kamphoefner/ Helbich: German in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 453 mit Anm. 10).

 

 

Steubing, Wilhelm Jacob:

CS-Pvt; Co B Debray's Regiment, Texas Cavalry (later the 26th Texas Cavalry)

 

Literatur:

- Steubing, Wilhelm Jacob: Correspondence, 1859-64. Confederate soldier in Company B, Debray's Regiment, Texas Cavalry (later the 26th Texas Cavalry). Probably involved in the Texas Coast Operations of 1863. Collection consists of seven letters written from and to Steubing at camps in Texas and his wife Nancy in their home in Hopkinsville, Texas. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 92-042).

 

 

Straus, Adolphe:

CS- Captain; Co. F, 15th Regiment Louisiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M378 Roll 28).

 

Enlisted June 21, 1861, New Orleans, La. Roll to June 30, 1861, Present. Record copied from Memorial Hall, New Orleans, La., by the War Dept., Washington, D. C., June, 1903, born Germany, occupation trader, Res. New Orleans, La. Remarks: Informally drop­ped for absence (vgl. http://laahgp.genealogyvillage.com/MilitaryIndex/louisianasoldierss9.html, Abruf vom 3.6.2016).

 

 

Straus, Joseph:

CS-Pvt; Co. G, 10th Regiment Louisiana Infantry (vgl. National Park soldiers M378 Roll 28).

 

Enlisted July 22, 1861, Camp Moore, La., for the War. Born Germany, occupation barber, Res. New Orleans, La., age when enlisted 33, single. May, 1862 (La. Inf. Record copied from Memorial Hall, New Orleans, La., by the War Dept., Washington, D. C., June, 1903) (vgl. http://laahgp.genealogyvillage.com/MilitaryIndex/louisianasoldierss9.html, Abruf vom 3.6.2016).

 

 

Strickland, Ezekiel:

CS-Pvt; Co. G, 8th Regiment Louisiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M378 Roll 28).

 

Enlisted March 15, 1862, Minden, La. Present on Roll to April 30, 1862. Roll to June 30, 1862, Absent, sick, since May 13. Roll July and Aug., 1862, Present. Rolls Sept., 1862, to Feb., 1863, Absent, sick. Rolls Feb. 28, 1863, to Oct., 1863, Present. Roll Nov. and Dec., 1863, Absent, Prisoner, since Nov. 7, 1863. Roll April 30 to Aug. 31, 1864, Deserted since 1st of May, 1864. Federal Rolls of Prisoners of War, Captured Rappahannock, Nov. 7. 1863. Forwarded to Pt. Lookout, Md., from Washington, Nov. 11, 1863. Federal Rolls of Prisoners of War, Captured Rappahannock, Va., Nov. 7, 1863. Recorded Pt. Lookout, Md., from Washington, D. C., Nov. 11, 1863. Paroled until exchanged at Pt. Lookout, Md., March 10, 1864. Recorded City Pt., Va., March 15, 1864. Name appears as signature to an Oath of Allegiance subscribed and sworn to at Fort Delaware, Del., Jan. 9, 1865. Res. Claiborne Par., La., complexion ruddy, hair light, eyes blue, height 5 ft. 11 in., born Germany, occupation farmer, Res. Minden, La., married. (vgl. http://laahgp.­genealogyvillage.com/MilitaryIndex/louisianasoldierss9.html, Abruf vom 3.6.2016).

 

 

Stromberg, Edward:

CS- Pvt; Co. F, 1st Regiment Louisiana Infantry (Nelligan's). Enlisted May 2, 1861, New Orleans, La. Present on all Rolls to June, 1862. Rolls Aug. 31, 1862, to Feb., 1863, Killed in Battle of Manassas, Aug. 30, 1862. Born Germany, occupation clerk, Res. New Orleans, La., age when enlisted 22, single.

 

 

Stromeyer, George:

CS-Captain; Co. C, 22nd Regiment Louisiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Service M378 Roll 28).

 

Enlisted Camp Lewis, near New Orleans, La., Sept. 11, 1861. On Roster dated Enterprise, Miss., Nov. -, 1863. Enlisted into State service, June 19, 1861, 12 months. Enlisted into Confederate service, Sept. 11, 1861. Apptd. Capt., May 25, 1862. Dropped March 1, 1863.

 

Es könnte sich um den in Landau/Pfalz geborenen George Stromeyer handeln, † unbekannt im Alter von 48Jahren, beerd. Metairie Cemetery, New Orleans/Louisiana (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 3.6.2016).

 

 

Stropp, John:

CS-Pvt and Bugler; Co. D&E, 14th Regiment Louisiana Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M378 Roll 28).

 

Enlisted June 15, 1861, New Orleans, La. Present on all Rolls to June, 1862. Rolls July, 1862, to Oct., 1862, Deserted. Roll Nov. and Dec., 1862, Present. Returned from Desertion. Roll Jan. and Feb., 1863, Present. Roll March and April, 1863, Present. Missing May 2, 1863. Roll May and June, 1863, Deserted May 1, 1863. Born Germany, occupation laborer, Res. New Orleans, La., age when en­listed 22, single (vgl. http://laahgp.genealogyvillage.com/MilitaryIndex/louisianasoldierss9.html, Abruf vom 3.6.2016).

 

 

Vocke, William:

US-2ndLt; Co. F&S, 24th Regiment Illinois Infantry (vgl. National Park Soldiers M539 Roll 93).

 

Literatur:

- Vocke, William: „Our German Soldiers.“ In Military Essays ans Recollections; Papers Read Before the Commandery of the State of Illinois, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Vol. 3. Chicago, 1891

 

 

Voelkner, Henry:

US-Lt; Bruder von Louis *Voelkner (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 101); Captain Gustavus Elbert’s 1st Missouri Flying Battery (vgl. Shea / Hess: Pea Ridge, a.a.O., S. 75 mit S. 69)

 

Literatur:

- Voelkner, Henry: Papers, University of Missouri, Columbia: Western Historical Manuscript Collection

 

 

Voelkner, Louis:

US-+++; Bruder von Lt. Henry Voelkner; 1st Missouri Flying Battery. Teilnahme am Battle of Pea Ridge am 7.3.1862, dort im Skirmish bei Foster's Farm (vgl. Shea / Hess, a.a.O., S. 100). Im Battle of Resaca am 14.5/15.5.1864 während Sherman's Atlanta Campaign gehörte Voelkner's 'German Battery' zur 1st Division BrigGen Charles R. Wood, XV. Army Corps GenMaj John A. Logan, McPherson's Army of the Tennessee. Am späten Nachmittag des 14.5.1864 war Voelkner's Battery entscheidend bei der Verteidigung eines gerade von Wood's Division erstürmten Hügels östlich des Camp Creek im Süden des Schlachtfeldes nahe der Oostenaula Bridge (vgl. Castel: Decision in the West, a.a.O., S. 166-167 mit Karte S. 155).

 

 

Voigt, Robert:

CS-Captain, Co. C, Timmons' Infantry Regiment / Waul's Texas Legion (vgl. National Park Soldiers M227 Roll 37). 10.2.1832 Schneeberg/Sachsen - † 8.10.1866, beerd. Washington Cemetery, Houston, Texas (vgl. www.findagrave).

 

Photo:

- Captain Robert Voigt (vgl. www.findagrave).

- Grabstein Washington Cemetery, Houston, Texas (vgl. www.findagrave)

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Kaufmann: Deutsche im Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 572

- Kamphoefner, Walter D. and Wolfgang Johannes Helbich, Germans in the Civil War: The Letters They Wrote Home, a.a.O., S. 416ff.

 

 

Wagner, George M.:

b. 1845; Co. C 37th Illinois Infantry; trans. from 76th Ill. 1/28/64; must. out 4/20/66.

 

 

Wambsganss, Martin:

US-Pvt; August 1839 Nußdorf/Pfalz - 1911 Syracuse/New York; verh. mit Mary Watkins; Pvt 90th New York Infantry; Wambsganns/Wambsgan wurde mit der Medal of Honor für Tapferkeit am 19.10.1864 in Cedar Creek geehrt (vgl. Kukatzki; in Pfäl­zisch-Rheinische Familienkunde 2008, S. 448).

 

 

Weber, Max:

US-BrigGen; *24.8.1824 in Baden - 15.6.1901 in Brooklyn / NY; Weber war Leutnant der Großherzoglichen Badischen Truppen; Weber nahm 1848 an der gescheiterten Revolution teil und kämpfte unter Franz Sigel in der badischen Revolution; in die USA geflüchtet (s. Passagierliste), ausgereist mit der "Hannah Brooker" von Le Havre nach New York, dort angekommen am 6.11.1849; er führte ein Hotel in New York, welches zur Anlaufstelle deutscher Flüchtlinge wurde; 1861 gründete Weber die "Turner's Rifles" (später 20th New York) und wurde zum Col. 20th New York Infantry gewählt; aufgrund von Protesten Weber's (+++klären+++), wurde das 20th New York nicht der Brigade Blenker zugeordnet, sondern nahm an McClellan's Peninsular Campaign teil; dort eingesetzt bei der von US-Finanzminister Chase persönlich erkundeten und von Lincoln persönlich geleiteten Rückeroberung von *Norfolk (vgl. Chase, Brief vom 11.5.1862; abgedruckt bei Chase: Diary, a.a.O., S. 83); Commander von Fort Monroe; im September 1862 führte Weber die 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, II. Corps in der Schlacht von Antietam, wobei er schwer an der Schulter verwundet wurde. Weber war lange Zeit ins Lazarett, dann Duty in Washington, anschließend Post Commander der Truppen in Harper's Ferry u. zwischen Sleepy Creek und Monocacy River; kämpfte gegen Early's Raid nach Washington und war 1864 unter Sigel im Shenandoah-Tal eingesetzt, hatte aber nur ein kleines Kommando. In der Nachkriegszeit amerikanischer Konsul in Nantes / Frankreich.

 

Photo:

- Internet Datei: Revolutionsflüchtlinge, a.a.O., Stichwort Weber, Max

 

Literatur:

- Chase, Brief vom 11.5.1862; abgedruckt bei Chase: Diary, a.a.O., S. 83

- Internet Datei, Revolutionsflüchtlinge und der amerikanische Bürgerkrieg, Bibliothek Ref ++++

- Weber, Max: Letter, 1861. Colonel of the 20th Regiment of New York Volunteers. Letter to Major General Benjamin F. Butler, September 5, 1861, describing the capture of Fort Hatteras, North Carolina, on August 28, by Weber's troops. (Virginia Tech, Univ. Libraries, Special Collections: Civil War guide. Manuscript Sources for Civil War Research in the Special Collections Department of the Virginia Tech Libraries Ms 89-027).

 

 

Welshimer, Philipp:

 

Literatur:

- Welshimer, Philipp: Papers (Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield / Illinois)

 

 

Weidrich / Wiedrich, Michael:

US-LtCol; Co. F&S, 15th Regiment New York Heavy Artillery (vgl. National Park Service M551 Roll 149). Anm.: Der Familienname lautet gem. Aufschrift auf dem Grabstein auf dem Forest Lawn Cemetery, Buffalo/New York „Wiedrich“ (vgl. www. findagrave.com).

 

geb. 23.9.1820 Hohwiller/Elsaß - † 21.3.1899 Buffalo, Erie County / New York, beerd. Forest Lawn Cemetery, Buffalo/New York; °° mit Maria B. Roth Wiedrich ( 1824-1879) (vgl. www.findagrave.com).

 

Union Army Civil War Officer. Alsatian-born German, he served during the Civil War as Captain of Battery I, 1st New York Light Artillery, "Wiedrich's Battery"; and later as Lieutenant Colonel of the 15th New York Heavy Artillery. He immigrated to the US in 1837, settling in the German community in Buffalo, New York. In 1841 he joined the state militia, serving with an artillery company attached to the 65th New York State Militia. By the late 1850's he held the rank of Major and entered politics. In 1860 he became co-publisher of the "Buffalo Freie Presse", a daily German language newspaper and was elected tax-collector of Buffalo in November. Mustered in as Captain of the First New York Light Artillery, Battery I on August 30, 1861 Michael Wiedrich would lead the battery at the battles of Cross Keys, Second Bull Run, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. Transferred west Wiedrich and Battery I participated in the Chattanooga Campaign in October and November, 1863. In early February, 1864 he was commissioned Lieutenant Colonel of the Fifteenth New York Heavy Artillery. By June Wiedrich was commanding the regiment outside Petersburg; serving as infantry with the Fifth Army Corps. Flesh wound (back) at Globe Tavern on August 18, 1864. At Five Forks on April 1, 1865 he was more se­riously wounded, suffering a gun shot wound to his right arm and was discharged for disability in June due to his wound. On March 13, 1865 he was brevetted Colonel, US Volunteers for "gallant and meritorious services in the battles on the Weldon Railroad, Va." Following the war he entered the insurance business and was re-elected Buffalo receiver of taxes for two terms (1866-67). He worked for the Germania Fire Insurance Company of New York's Buffalo firm beginning in 1866 and later co-managed the branch. In 1869 he was elected assessor for the Internal Revenue (1869-73). Wiedrich was an influential member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Stuttgart Encampment No. 70 (German) and a Freemason; as well as a prominent member of the Republican Party in Erie County. A member of the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) he was active in veterans affairs; a monument was erected on East Ce­metery Hill at Gettysburg in 1889, dedicated to Battery I. Wiedrich died in Buffalo a decade later at the age of 78 (vgl. www. findagrave.com).

 

Im Battle of Chancellorsville war Captain Weidrick's Battery (vgl. B&L, vol. III, S. 236) mit 6 Geschützen eingesetzt im Rahmen des linken Flügels XI Army Corps bei Dowdall Farm zur Unterstützung von Adolphus *Buschbeck's Brigade (vgl. Hamlin: Battle of Chancellorsville, a.a.O., S. 36).

 

 

Weyrich, E. J.:

US-2nd Lt; Co 'A' 9th Illinois Infantry (vgl. Morrison: The Ninth Regiment, a.a.O., S. 13).

 

 

Wickeland, Henry:

CS-Captain, Co. D, Timmons' Infantry Regiment / Waul's Texas Legion (vgl. National Park Service M227 Roll 39). Waul's Texas Legion bestand aus einem Cavalry Battalion und Timmons' Infantry Regiment, zu dem Wickeland gehörte (vgl. National Park Service M227 Roll 39). Originally filed under H. Wickland.

 

Orders to proceed to the Little Rock, Arkansas arrived at Camp Waul in early August, 1862. Company K [Anm.: Company K would later become Company D ] under Captain Henry Wickeland refused to leave with the rest of the troops as they believed they had not been issued enough blankets.4 They soon changed their mind however, as members of the Texas Lone Star Rifles “encouraged” them to depart (vgl. Franke, Brandon: Waul's Texas Legion: Towards Vickburg; in: East Texas Journal, Volume 53, Issue 1, 10.3.2015).

 

Captain Wickeland’s Company K had a high percentage German born immigrants to Austin County. Three of the members of the offending company were brothers, all named Franke, the author’s great- grandfather and great uncles (vgl. Franke, Brandon: Waul's Texas Legion: Towards Vickburg; in: East Texas Journal, Volume 53, Issue 1, 10.3.2015).

 

Urkunden/Literatur:

- Franke, Brandon: Waul's Texas Legion: Towards Vickburg; in: East Texas Journal, Volume 53, Issue 1, 10.3.2015

- Kamphoefner, Walter D. and Wolfgang Johannes Helbich, Germans in the Civil War: The Letters They Wrote Home (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006)

- Kaufmann: Deutsche im Bürgerkrieg, a.a.O., S. 572

 

 

Wiedrich, Michael:

s. Weidrich

 

 

Winkler, Frederick C.:

US-BrigGen; zuvor LtCol BFS, 26th Regiment Wisconsin Infantry; zunächst Captain im Regiment (vgl. National Park Soldiers M559 Roll 13).

 

Am 17.9.1662 Captain 26th Wisconsin; Major 1.12.1863; LtCol 8.7.1864; Bvt. BrigGen USV 16.6.1865 (war service). While a captain he commanded the regiment 29.11.1863 on the march to Knoxville for the relief of Burnside. Wounded in action 1.7.1863 Gettysburg at Cemetery Hill. Received bullet through hat at Kenesaw mountain but unhurt (vgl. Boatner: Dictionary, a.a.O., S. 941).

 

Winkler emigrated to the United States with his parents when he was six years of age and settled Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Receiving fine education in his youth, he was a teacher when he entered law school and was admitted to the bar in 1859. He was a lawyer in practice when he enlisted in the Union Army at the start of the Civil War. Appointed Captain of Company B, 26h Regiment, Wiscon­sin Volunteers, he became Judge Advocate General of the XI Corps at the rank of Major in 1862. Promoted Lieutenant Colonel in command of the 26th Wisconsin Infantry, he participated in the battles of Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Peach Tree Creek and the At­lanta Campaign. In August 1864, he was promoted Colonel and served on court martial boards for the Judge Advocate General of the XI Corps for remainder of the war. For meritorious services, he was brevetted Brigadier General of US Volunteers on June 15, 1865. After the war, he resumed his law practice, was president of the Milwaukee Public Museum, was vice president of American Bar As­sociation and a member of the Wisconsin State Assembly in 1872. (bio by: John "J-Cat" Griffith, www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 11.6.2016).

 

15.5.1863 Bremen - † 22.3.1921 Los Angeles, CA.; beerd. Forest Home Cemetery, Milwaukee, Wisconsin; °° mit Frances M. Winkler (1840-1916) (vgl. www.findagrave.com, Abruf vom 11.6.2016).

 

Literatur:

- Hitz, Louise Winkler (ed.): Letters of Frederick C. Winkler, 1862-1865. N.p.: William K. Winkler, 1963

 

 

Zimmer, Georg Michael:

1824 Kandel - +++; US-Sgt, Co E 9th Wisconsin Infantry Regiment

 

Trained as a carpenter, emigrated to Philadelphia in 1846. After working there as a baker he volunteered for service in the Mexican War. Following his service, Zimmer moved to Illinois, married a woman from Baden and started a family. In the mid-1850s, the Zimmers bundled up their five children and moved to Burlington, Wisconsin. Michael Zimmer enlisted with the 9th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, originally an ethnic German regiment, and served from 1861 to 1864 as Sergeant of the "Burlington Rifles" (Company E) in the Civil War (aus Andrea Mehrländer. Review of Macha, Jürgen; Wolf, Andrea [Hrsg.]: Michael Zimmer's Diary: Ein Deutsches Tagebuch aus dem Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg. H-GAGCS, H-Net Reviews. April, 2003.).

 

Literatur:

- Macha, Jürgen / Andrea Wolf, Hrsg. Michael Zimmer's Diary: Ein Deutsches Tagebuch aus dem Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg. Frankfurt a. M.: Peter Lang, 2001

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

II. Ortsglossar:

 

 

 

New Orleans / Louisiana:

In New Orleans gab es eine deutsche Kolonie, von denen manche Mitglieder auf CS Seite kämpften (vgl. Clark, Robert jr.: “The New Orleans German Colony in the Civil War.” Louisiana Historical Quarterly, vol. XX (October 1937), S. 990-1015), u.a. in der 20th Louisiana Infantry (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 167).

 

Literatur:

- Clark, Robert jr.: “The New Orleans German Colony in the Civil War.” Louisiana Historical Quarterly, vol. XX (October 1937), S. 990-1015

 

 

Shenandoah Valley:

 

Literatur:

- Wayland, John K.: The German Element of the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia (Charlottesville, Va.: Michie Co., 1907)

 

 

Virginia:

 

Literatur:

- Schuricht, Hermann: History of the German Element in Virginia (Baltimore: Kroh & Sons, 1898)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

III. Deutsche Regimenter:

 

 

die Liste enthält die Regimenter mit starken Anteilen aus Deutschland stammender Soldaten

 

 

9th Illinois Infantry Regiment:

nach Auflösung des 3-Month-Regiments schlossen sich viele Deutsche aus St. Clair County / Illinois der 12th Missouri Infantry unter Col. Peter J. Osterhaus an; es verblieben jedoch starke Anteile an Deutschen in der 9th Illinois (vgl. Morrison: "History of the 9th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry", a.a.O., S. x).

 

 

24th Illinois Infantry Regiment (Hecker Regiment):

 

 

vgl. Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 7)

 

 

43rd Illinois Infantry Regiment (Koerner Regiment):

s. Col Julius *Raith; LtCol Adolph *Englemann; Captain Joseph F. *Fuess; Heinrich *Koch

 

Das Regiment rekrutierte sich aus der deutschstämmigen Bevölkerung Illinois und wurde deshalb auch als “Koerner Regiment” bezeichnet (vgl Hicken: Illinois in the Civil War, a.a.O., S. 7).

 

Während der Shiloh Campaign 1862 gehörte das Regiment zur 3rd Brigade Col Leonard F. *Ross 1st Division MajGen John A McClernand in Grant's Army of the Tennessee.

 

Am 6.4.1862 war Col Julius Raith Brigadekommandeur der 3rd Brigade 1st Division MajGen John A McClernand in Grant's Army of the Tennessee. Der reguläre Brigadekommandeur Col Leonard F. Ross hatte gerade seine Frau verloren und befand sich wegen der Beerdigung in Illinois; der Interimskommandeur Col J. S. Reardon war am 6.4.1862 plötzlich erkrankt, weshalb die Führung der Brigade an Col Raith als rangältestem Col fiel. Die Regimentsführung übernahm in Shiloh LtCol Adolph Englemann (vgl. Daniel: Shiloh, a.a.O., S. 177).

 

Literatur:

- Englemann, Adolph: Letters (Illinois State Library, Springfield / Illinois)

- Internet Datei Archiv 9, US-Truppenteile Illinois Infantry

 

 

12th Missouri Infantry Regiment:

mehr 78 Prozent der Soldaten stammten aus Deutschland (vgl. Morrison: "History of the 9th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry", a.a.O., S. x; Hess, 12th Missouri Infantry, a.a.O., S. 60).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Archive, Quellen und Fundstellen

 

 

Zeitungsarchive:

vgl. Stursbergsches Familienblatt 2006, 13

 

Missouri:

in Missouri werden Personendaten und genealogische Daten nur begrenzt datenschutzrechtlich geschützt. Missouri veröffentlicht die älteren Daten über Internet (www.sos.mo.gov/archives). Das Sterberegister des ganzen Staates von 1910 bis 1955 ist hierüber zugänglich (vgl. Stursbergsches Familienblatt 2006, 13).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Literaturverzeichnis

 

- **Clark, Robert jr.: “The New Orleans German Colony in the Civil War.” Louisiana Historical Quarterly, vol. XX (October 1937), S. 990-1015

 

- **Engle, Stephen D.: „Yankee Dutchmen“. Germans, the Union, and the Construction of a Wartime Identity; in: Ural, Susan­nah J. (ed.): Civil War Citizens: Race, Ethnicity, and Identity in America's Bloodiest Contest (New York University Press, N.Y., 2010), S. 11 ff.

 

- **Hansen, Marcus Lee: „The Revolutions of 1848 and German Emigration,“ Journal of Economic and Business History 2 (1930): 630-55

 

- **Kamphoefner, Walter and Helbich, Wolfgang (eds.): Germans in the Civil War: The Letters They Wrote Home, trans. Susan Carter Vogel (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006)

 

- **Kaufmann, William: The Germans in the American Civil War (Kallman Publishing; Reprint of 1911 Original); 392 pp; Translated from the German, 36 Maps, Index = Kaufmann: Die Deutschen im Amerikanischen Bürgerkriege; München und Berlin 1911

 

- **Keller, Christian B.: Chancellorsville and the Germans. Nativism, Ethnicity, and Civil War Memory (Fordham University Press, 2007)

 

- **Kollmann, Wolfgang and Peter Marschalck: „German Emigration to the United States,“ trans. Thomas C. Childers; in: Perspectives in American History 7 (1973): 526-27

 

 

- **Lonn, Ella: Foreigners in the Union Army and Navy (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press 1951)

 

- **Lonn, Ella: Foreigners in the Confederacy (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1940)

 

- **Morrison, Marion: "History of the 9th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry" (Originalausgabe John S. Clark, Monmouth / Illinois, 1864; reprint Southern Illinois University Press, Carbonsdale and Edwardsville 1997), Bibliothek Ref MilAmerik141

 

- **Ural, Susan­nah J. (ed.): Civil War Citizens: Race, Ethnicity, and Identity in America's Bloodiest Contest (New York University Press, N.Y., 2010)

 

- **Walker, Mack: Germany and the Emigration, 1816-1865 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1964)

 

- **Zucker, Adolf Edward: The Forty Eighters: Political Refugees of the German Revolution of 18489 (New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1950)

 

 

 

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